BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Kootenay Star Jul 1, 1893

Item Metadata


JSON: kootstar-1.0310239.json
JSON-LD: kootstar-1.0310239-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): kootstar-1.0310239-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: kootstar-1.0310239-rdf.json
Turtle: kootstar-1.0310239-turtle.txt
N-Triples: kootstar-1.0310239-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: kootstar-1.0310239-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Array ^masy   \y  ib    xy
'Ny ���        n*F sjr \y ���:'/ .MjtV % "-���$>*-   ^ f<$?"^ <*f
���IfJM a   i y-i. .^tf.a^mg.t.K-ifl^ ���il.^'.ijj^w'--;yiw-i/**T>>j��*r-*i**-r-*--r,r--"rr*-w*r.:*nRiBMBQMraJMMMmaMaaaB********��������� ���**����� .inn'| 11m������
No. 3.
New Denver. B.C.
Abstracts and Conveyances.
Send early instructions for the
Auction Halo.
Tho- private bank of J. M. Burke
& Co., Kuslo, bus closed its doors.
Mr, McGillivray lius sold one-half
his interest in tlie Now Denver town-
site to Mr. W. H. Smith lor $12,500.
Dr. C. E. C. Brown will bu at tbe
Colnmbia Houso on Friday, July
7th, and will amain a feu days. All
needing dental work please make
early appointments.
The work of clearing the right of
*ay for the Kevelstoke k Arrow Luke
Railway will commence on Monday
morning, Mr. J. J. Niokson of Vancouver being the contractor.
Mr. B. Wrede, of Lardeau, came
Up yesterday. He says ihey had a
good time at the hotel opening last
Friday night, although visitors from
other towns oould uot attend through
lack of steamboat facilities.
The Winnipeg Free Press, always
in the front rank as a newspaper, is
oow bead and shoulders above auy
other daily published iu the Dominion west of Toronto, its new dross
adding tbe only thing that was wanting to give it this proud distinction.
Messrs. Wilson Hall k Co., Colonial merchants and bankers,Oil Queen
Victoria Street, London, Eug., have
changed tbe style of tbeir firm to
Messrs. Henry W. Hall k Co., but no
alteration will be made in the management of the business, which will
remain as before.
A. H. Holdich and J. H. Anderson
left on Thursday morning ou a prospecting tour. Starting from Iileoillewaet they will work northwards
towards Big Bend, through a district in which no white man has ever
net foot. It is to bo hoped they will
strike something good.
There will be a Dominion Day ball
in Peterson's Hall tonight, dancing
to commence at eight o'olook sharp.
As there is no time to send out invitations it is hoped everybody in the
upper and lower towns will accept
this intimation as a special invitation
���nd attend in honor of tbe day. Excellent music and refreshments.
The C.P.Ii. townsito at the station
is being cleared rapidly, tbe timoer
being piled in large heaps ready for
burning as soou as the weather is
fayorable, so much rain having fallen lately that it is fire-proof just
now. About 30 acres will be platted,
vhich, with what is already cleared
and built on, will make quite a respectable town.
Mr, Thomas, postmaster at Nukusp, has consented to act as correspondent for The Prospeotor, New
Denver's now paper. Tbis will ensure a bright, newsy budget from
tho city by the lake, and ought to
sell copies in Nakusp liko hot cakes,
Mr. Thomas being in tho run of all
the news and stands high in the
ranks of tho Fonr Hundred.
Messrs. A. A. Drury and D. H.
Bummers, mining men of Spokane,
arrived up on WednoFilny's boat.
They have heard so much of the big
ledges in the Lardeau that they determined to come and see for themselves, their especial desire being to
examine the Silver Cup und Great
Northern. They left for Goldou on
Thursday to look at some mining
properties in East Kootenay and will
return here shortly to go into tbe
The Winnipeg Commercial this
week publishes u supplement which
should be read by all British Columbians. It is devoted to matters non-
cerning Vancouver Island, tbo mainland ooust and islands, New Westminster District and the Northern
Interior. It is beautifully printed,
and ooutains 24 photogravure views
of Victoria, Vancouver, Nnw Westminster, Nanaimo and scenes aloug
tbe coant. When tlm Oomtuercin]
gots ont a supplement it is always
first-class and one to be proud of,
Wushburii's circus came and went.
on Wednesday. It gave two exhibitions here, and the afternoon performance was woll patronised. A
downpour of rain spoiled the attendance in the evening. The huge tent
gave promise of a superior kind of
show, but it turned nut to be a very
mediocre affair indeed, the only thing
���worthy of noto being the skilful
riding uud lassoing of oue of tbo
cowboys, who picked up a bin dker-
obief from the ground whili going' at
full gallop, One of the Indies, while
engaged in a quadrille on horseback,
got thrown at the atternoon perfor-
manee, but was not seriously hurt,
although stepped on by the horse.
Tho usual crowd of toughs and
thimble ��� riggers aoooinpanied the
circus, nnd several local men lost
their dollars lo the nimble fingered
professor of the nutshells and peas,
OUU wail losing us much as (|70,
(Pursuant to the Execution Act.)
In obedience to a writ of Fieri Facias
issued out of tho above Court, to me directed, iu tho above suit, fur the sum of
$6,248.28 debt and costs, together with
interest on the same, besides sheriff's fees,
poundage, and other expenses of this
oxocution, I have seized and will offer for
Sale by Public Auction, at the Court
House, Douald, ou Saturday, July 15th,
1893, at twelve o'clock noon, all the right,
title aud interest of the above defendants
iu tho lauds described below, or sufficient
thereof to satisfy the judgment debt and
costs in this actiou,
Sail, Tent anil Awning Maker.
0 ��-,
o" c
2: �� tr d 3-
**-* M
S B*0 -0
���raj    la-��
Cj�� b ho
m.B       0 3
P o c 0 CO
a^Qj 1   |fa
k-3 ��
PCea- 0
0           H,
'   0
0 a��
���a? 3,
<1  0
��� *d
i a
Terms of sale, cash.
Sheriff of Kootenay.
Land Registry Ollice, Victoria,
19th day of June, 1898,
3.30 o'clock p.m.
I hereby certify that the following
judgment only appears registered against
all the real estate of the Kooteuay (B.C.)
Smeltiug k Trading Syndicate Limited,
viz.;���29th March, 1893: Judgment of
tbe Supreme Court of British Columbia,
obtained the 14th February, 1893, by
John Campbell against  the Kootenay
(JI.C.J Smelting k Trading Syndicate,
Limited, for $10,458,34 debt and $22.89
costs,  muting   together   the   nuui  of
, (Notice tiled No. 2849.)
Registered iu charge book Vol. II, Pol.
817, No. 14592 B. on 7th April, at
10.10 o.m,
S. Y. W001 TON,
Dep. Registrar.
Guy Barber left for Nelson on Thursday's boat.
Tom Roid has located 100 acres of
good laud ou the rivor front at Hall's
A ohoioe lot of Fresh Groceries and
best Eastern jents jusl opened up at IJ.
N, Coursier's.
News bus just been received of two
important Quits in the immediate neighborhood ol '1 font Lake i uy,
Mr. Gilmour will conduct service in
the l're.-liv|.'liii!i clilireli tO-QloiTOW at
7.30. p.ui,; Sabbath-school at 2 30,
lto\. U. A, Proonnier will pleach in the
Mothotiisi cburch to-niorroti ; moruing
at lu.30, evening at 7.30. Sunday-school
in the ohuroh at 2.60.
Capt. Sanderson arrived up with bis
Btenuier lust Sutnrda,* from Loser Arrow
Laiie, where he bus just oompleted u 200
feet wharf for tbe (iovernment at liro
Valley landing place.
Mr. O. 11. Allen was elected a sohool
trustee Ior in rec years ut the annual
meeting in Revelstoke Sole olbou -e on
Saturday, in place ul Mr, F. Eraser,
whose term has expired.
It is stilted that work on tbo telegraph
line from heie to Nelson will oi u monce
ut Nakusp on Mouda.* uud will bo o. m-
I leted n\ October 10th. Poles nill be
out along the route, und the wire is on
ita '.\u\ irom tbe east.
li mull Catholic services will bo held
in the Buhoulhoase to.inorrow ; morning
j at Id n m, .Muss and sermou ; evi uiug al
17, livening Prayer ami lecuira,    t.
pas ir, Hei. I- nt tn i ,1.. '. o irsine, wdi
' otliciate.   All are weloi Be,
Bags, Hammocks, ko.
All sizes mudo to order,
Ladies, now is your time to get bargains in Prints and Muslins. If N.
Coursier i.s clearing out these lines at
10 per cent, margin,
J. P. Sutherland lelt hero on dipt.
Sanderson's boat #ust Thursday with 12
horses for tbe Northeast Arm. He will
run a piicktrain from Thomson's Lauding to Trout Luko City, which make
three paoktrains (30 horses) now ou that
A small screw steamer is being built
at the smelter wharf by Mr. Vaudermern
of Nanaimo. She is -IO feet in length
and 8 feet beam. The engine aud propeller are ready for placing in position.
She is for service on tbo Columbia river,
and will probably bo hunched some
time this month.
The line grey horse belouging to Mr.
Cowan of the Victoria Hotel, which was
injured last Monday week in a runaway,
had to be shot on Tuesday last, Mr.
Cowan has purchased a nice-looking
grey mare from Hull Bros., Kamloops,
and the team is even bettor matched
than it was before.
Mr, J, H. Anderson, who bought and
operated some mining cluims at Fish
Creek and Illecillewaet last year, and
who has spent the winter at Hamilton,
Out., arrived in Revelstoke tbis week.
He lu.s gone to Iileoillewaet for a short
prospecting trip, after which ho will return here and outfit fur Big Bend.
With a lute spring and cold wonthor
up to date fruit and vegetables aro very
backward, although Ibe prevailing rain
has been most favorable to the growth
of weeds. Clover aud timothy are especially rank, being two and three feet
high on au average. Potatoes are looking well, but here and there a kind of
black rot has attacked the stalk just below the soil, causing it to drop off at the
least touch. TliiB uin.-- bo due to the'
use of stable manure, which heuts very
much. Those cabbagas which havo escaped the grubs are a healthy lot, while
turnips, tomatoes, heans, peas, carrots
and ouions are all vigorous, but quite
a mouth behind. Pansies, however, are
at perfection this year, and of enormous
size,   Small fruits will be heavy orops.
[FBOM 0011 OWN  ColfllESPONDENT. ]
Thomson's Lahiiing, June 27th.
A gang of men under Mr. R. Coudell
have been employed on the trail from
here to Trout Lake. The packers say
the work has heen done well, so far as
it went, bnt that Mr. Condell quit thu
job too soou. Owiug to tbo recent wet
weather the large number of horses
daily passing over the trail have cut it
up badly. As this is tlie maiu trail of
tho Lardaau district and the ouo on
which Trout Lako City and the mines
adjoining depend for their supplies, a
force of men should be Kept at work ou
it all the time. It will never be a good
trail, and if the wagon road is not lo bo
taken in baud this year a now trail
should be blazed over the route tho
wagon road will follow,
The hotel here having proved to bo
too small to accommodate the increasing
number of passengers who Ian.I here, for
Trout Lake City Messrs. Beatou and
Thomson will erect a new frame hotel at
once, the contract for winch has been lot
to Mr, II. Stewart.
Mr. 0, P. Blaokburn hus written that
ne will bo hero b; thu i ud of the mouth,
and will be aocoinpuuiod Iiy several
prominent mining mi n who are r ... ���
to lm,/ Lardeau mineral claims. Mr,
Blackoiii'ii states that thero are uo less
tin.ii seven different parties alter the
Gnat ,\ inborn olaim,all willing to give
the (jrioo asked,
J. Vi. Euskii s win inirmlj grouted bj
his old frioi Jb on hi arrival here la i
week. Ho looks ivoll and hows very
little traoes oi bis ruoi ! illui is.
Bond Supt, T,ion.| n in locating a
new trail from Llarri nn's up thi ������ iil
side ot Luideau On-ok, Mr. Ouuilull lias
charge ol the work,
Messrs, Beaton and fhomsou ivill put
their lew:,siir on thu market ill a week
or two, Tue survey has tioeu com-.
inenoed bj Mr. Perry, ol Nelson,
Dave Ferguson has il on up .'i'-lO wrei
at iue folks of Laaieau ri ok, Dave
will probably turn townsito boomfli in
the near till ure.
Hugh Ross and a gang of men left
hero lasl Monday to construct a bridge
over Battle Creek ou J isb Creek trail,
| FBOM orjli OWN uniUU      INX)     I I
j I'uut Lai      ��� i.
Contrai tor Nault I ui i i   an
the towns ������, in i tl t' is pri tresi
j ins I'upidl, in siote t I the ivet ���   atlier,
��� . i. Hum ��� .��� Oo.'t   ��� ���   ii i" '���-: >>
with an extensive in       m tin   hei 'o
I Prospectors oompuil at Uogustowu, in
tho lower end of the lake, come hero for
thi ir supplies, pre/erring to row twenty
milos here 'mil twenty miles back again
to paying the high prices demanded at
the encampment ou the south east shore
of the Into-. They say the charge for
[lacking from Kooteuay Luke to Trout
Lake is 7 cents per ll).
The trail between here and the Northeast Arm is in a bad con H'tion, owiug to
the wet weather, ami Ibe packhorses are
being loaded very ligbtl,* iu oonso-
ijiiencc. Thu road inspector will nave
to keep a sharp eye on this trail and see
that itdoes uotdi vel p into a quagmire.
There is a lot of trairio over it, �� hieli
will always be increasing. The trail ww
never a good one, and thn quicker the
wagon road relieves it the heller.
Jack Stauber hus bonded the Silver
Queen, "ii the Great Northern ledge, to
Mr. Cassel for 820,000, ten per cent, to
be paid down. Jack is a* present doing
assessment work on the I'onl lode.
The new trail up the Lardeau River
is on the north side, and is completed
for about two miles up the canyon. It
is expected to reach tho north fork by
the lst ot July.
About 150 men aro at tho south-east
end of the lake following J. W. Haskins,
who is a shining light here just now and
around whom a constellation of minor
planets is revolving. There were no less
than eight tents arranged around his tho
other night, with uu average of seven
men iu each, for all the world like an
Indian village, witb the chief's wigwam
in the centre. But J, W. will " fold his
tent and silent steal away" ouo of these
lino nights, and his followers will be loft
to find their way ahout tbo mountains
as best they can.
A uew shipbuilding firm has started
business under most favorable auspices,
and is ready to turn out any kind of
craft, from a ivhaleback to a Puterboro
eauoe, on short notice. Messrs. Holton
k Piper are deserving of patronage.
Mr. (}. Bourko's hotel in approaching
completion. Meanwhile everybody is
practising strict sobriety, there being no
spirits iu town, and the water is not
very strong.
Harrison City is going ahead, there
being a storo, an assay office and a
dwelling-house already erected, besides
uumorous tents dotting the townsite. It
will be platted soon, aud I hear there
are many applications for lots, It is
about a quarter of a milo from the lake,
aud will become an important place.
Nakdsp, June 28th.
A very enjoyable event wus that of the
opening ball given last Thursday night
by Mr. aud Mrs. Muirhead, who have
leased the Madden House. A large
company attended by invitutiou, and
dancing was kept up with spirit until
midnight, wheu an adjournment took
place to the dining-room, whero the
tables were spread with tbo choicest
delicacies obtainable, All the rooms
were tastefully decorated with evergreens and roses, and preseuted a most
charming appearance. After supper the
company returned to the ballroom, aud
danoed to the strains of excellent musio
till the dawn and the steamboat whistle
reminded tlmm that another day waB
well advanced.
The outlook for the speedy commencement oi ihe railroad is very promising,
Tlm engineers at work have received instructions to push their work ��i,h all
possible baste. E. 1). Duohesnay, chief
engineer of tho Pncilio Division, bus
arrived on tho scene and some of tlie
local contractors havo beon requested to
stay at Naknsp. Construction cau't bo-
gin I. o soou, as thi tunc betweeu now
and November is very, very short for
currying out such au undertaking,
Five paoktrains are engaied carrying
freight between here and Hew Denver,
and two more nn routo. Mr. Hughes
would have brought his puukiug oul til.
hore hud the Duluth syndicate kept
faith with him,
Dun Diitui Inw come into a forluuo of
810,000, but wh thi r he ims becomo lho
hi ir of a dooeased relative <>r received
pajmenl for some old standinn ueo mnl
is not kuon n. 11 ��� subi! .i Hates those
Ugurus bi Qonrishiug a dooum ut b d n
li; i i'.ic ol "ii; ii ii (Juiring about the
in.dii f, Wu all bopu bo ��� dl ban lb ibe
( oiu hi:'. ri ������������ I .1 "i ruly. I no, loos
flue heel
lings were hut .  lo
|1U1       11 u is
for |j' a .       .
while pri i   heel leaks    i  I
L'lml the Hew '���    i*   r . i������
,. i ut |. h ii. d in six
days 36 carcassc i wore sold   au i
of six a ua; .
I :i. .. i"  .: tlio UoGilli ;.... townsite
i .I... I'alli u thr  . '���..
ii,i.d tho present owner., ,. ill , nth il
lm i ii elves,    i'ii. \ ),.im ��� ���   ,. ui
In thn townsite, and i, 11 oxp cted
t:i ri will he a rush lor lots alien put
on the market,
i, '��� i year .vheii the town was ui  ' tl
(not of i'i     i.' i" ���  i'       ih    i'i   '
being thrown from   li ; ���
I e.V'ited 1
tight I .       .;
Hi ,,.       ud mat   snl I ft I arl
would vi place 1        ���. ���
pluoi. .,..'���.���������������    "���
.    nine]
axo kept busy ull thu ti
of things continues, floods are stilE
being dumped on the sand and pebbles,
and many articles ruined inconsequence.
It is a disgrace to the town, and the
owners should take the matter iuto consideration ut once. There would be
mouo.v in it for the steamboat company
if the< were to build a wharf themselves..
The machinery uud type for tbe new
piper was shipped to New Denver lust
Wednesday, It is to be called The
Prospector, and substantial support has-
been promised, The first number is to-
appear on July Gib.
Die stream of people g-iing to and^
ooming from the hot springs up the bike
is over, increasing in muguitnde, and if
sh' ping accommodation were to ba had
there the plaoe would becomo a favorite1
resort for visitors from alar as well as-
our own peopl", who go there for a few
hours to recuperate. The enterprising
person who will put up a 1'Otel at the-
Bprings will have a better fortune at bis
oninmaud than the owner of a gold mine..
Who will grusp thu opportunity?
A number of German ranchers have
visited Nakusp lately looking for luud.
But ii is the same here as in many other
places in British Columbia. The good
ranching hind in the vicinity is owned
by a company which will neither work
it nor seli it nt a reasonable figure.
Several prospectors nre making Nakusp their headquarters, and have strong
hoped of finding rich ledi/es close by.
Down With Hiph Prices Por
Electric Belts.
?1.55, f2.65,13.70 ; former prices $5, $7,
$10. Qualty remains the same���10 different styles; dry battery and acid belts
���mild or strong current. Less than half
the price of any other company and more-
home testimonials than all the rest together. Full list free. Mention this-
taper. W. T. BAER & CO. Windsor, Out
All accounts against lhe estate of Louis-
Mason, who died in Revelstoke on the-
22nd of May last, will be received by the
undersigned up to the Kith July, 1893.
J. KIlihTT,
Deputy Administrator.
Steamer "AV. HUNTEK,"
G. L. Estabrooks, Master.
Until further uotiee will leave New
Denver Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays at 1 p.m. for Head of Lake.
Tuesdays, Thursdays nud Fridays leave*
New Denver for Poor .Mile City at ft
mm. Returning, leaves New Denver at.
7 a.m. for Heap of Lake.
Leaves Head of Lake every evening;
(Sunday excepted) for New Denver at
5 p.m,
Carpenter and Builder,
has his Hotel in running order, and is
prepared to Hocommodate all-comers
House Painter, Paper-
hanger and Grainer.
Stockholm House
The Diniug room is furnished with the
beet I be mnrki I uffords.
The bar i sii], lied with o choice stock
11 r .'e .ii iiiort audoigors,
l      ' i   i-  l' 'l
Ui ���   .i-'JxxAXJ,
..,:���. lii.sL'uKE,
!'    'I'l'll!i 111'     - -     -       i'KOP.
First i'1      "���   iperance House.
Hoard anj   i. iihiini; ��C  Per WuBKa
���:,,.',I.-, 2oo,     iieds 25c,
I Iiis   itel     .i . iti ,i n... uient to the
��� Li ���. is  uoiufortubly furnished,  aud
uffords tirst class uccoiuraodutiou.
;;- L  I 'Ora.E  B.C.
Tin i     il iosI oentrul Hotel in
  ��� i lation ; overy-
  tp]   ��� ������ : o.irauil
hilliii i ii    ��� .��� ��� ure [irool safe,
:      ..     ��� CLARK,
'.���.,   '���.;/-���   ... i   ALL   TRAINS JNU1 WIStLI, BUI  1UU WtLL
A. cold, wet afternoon m March. But a
few diys ago people believed in spring.
Tbere was abundance of sunshine, of blue
Mat;, nf Under, venturesome birds ; there
md been piles of violets and primroses in
���.die dower-girls' baskets, as they moved
aSm'i*. i.lie London streets ; a breath of
jjjsauina spring-time in the soft air ; hut
on* til wis cold and bleak and drear once
.mur.t, and people went back shiveringly to
feel ��,nd furs, and abused the treacherous
Ifiaztilh climate to their heart's content.
Hi* external cold aud dreariness were
..tun i*ut, effectually in a house in fashion-
.liito M.ayfair. A sort of small drawing-
mom, opening off the grandeur and luxury
art" < larger one ; a room with a hundred
aaistly knick-knacks scattered about with
velvet draperies, and tilled with hothouse
ifawers, and over which the fire-gleams
a iiiyeiL.
A silver tea-urn stands hissing on a low
ttAta by the tire���dainty cups stand beside
it. All is warm, fragrant, pleasant to the
ay. uii the senses, and a silvery babble of
women a voices adds lite to the scene.
" IVIial has become of yoar young friend,
Mc. Athelstone?" asks a pretty, fair worn-
tut, -is she puts down her cup, and turns to
the presiding goddess of the ceremonies���a
&ig,'jiiiposing-lcoking woman, magnificently dressed.
"He's in Koine still," she answers, with
it a trail g American accent. ".Means to stay
there, too, I surmise���leastways, until the
Vavasours come to town. Wonderful
���gostty woman Lady Vavasour���Lady
ijjiErwne, as the poetry man calls her. You
Stem that story. I suppose?"
"Ha," chime in two or three other voices.
'-'What; was it?"
" iVeli, he was an Italian," saya the
faftf, who rejoices in the name of Mrs.
iHctiisiiaw B. Woollffe, "and very poor, I
i&ttbkve, living iu a garret, and that sort,
'tint* right down poet, so everyone says
iw��r, tnd Lady Vavasour found him out
;m,i Kid his book published, and it took
'.ike. wildfire and of course he's eternal
jjritaiful to her, and he wrote something on
iSee���called her 'My Lady Lauraine'���
. *nHi(hi pretty, don't it���and the name was
i*ai/an up, ami in Rome no one called her
vmyelling else. She was quite lhe sensation
at tlie day there, hut she is wonderful
pretiy, mnl no pumpkins about that."
"She's heeu married���let me see "
""Vmo years, just upon. She's very deli-
<!��:<-that's why they weut to Rome.
Clitxt, or lungs, or something. An almighty
pratty baby she's got too, and don't she
��*��in fond of it I A3 a rule, mothers nowa-
rtaya don't even bother their heads about
tJ.if.ii: ohildren���'ceptin' to dress 'em like
(falls, and take em out as a show in their
One or two fashionable mothers present
wince a little at Mrs. Bradshaw Woollffe's
,��uc��pokeii opinion,   and feel more   than
There is a little titter among the fair
worshippers at the shrine of tea and riches.
" Dear Mrs. Wooiltfe, you do iay such
odd things ; hut 1 think you <|iiile mistake.
We are certainly particular with our girls.
We must ba. Society would he scandalized
if they went about in the free-and-easy fashion of their American cousins. But with
married women it is quite different. We are
really free���more free, 1 think, than your
countrywomen ; and as for friendship���dear
me, that is quite allowable���quite I1'
" Of course," chime in several voices in
the background, for all the attention of the
conclave is aroused now. " But then there
are friendships, and friendships."
"Exactly," says Mrs. Bradshaw B.
Woollffe, dryly. "It is the 'and' ones I
mean. How is it you know so well who
may not look at the halter, and who may
steal the horse ?"
" It is���it is somewhat difficult to explain,1' hesitates the pretty fair woman,
who has a charming "friendship" other
own on hand just now, and is anxiouB it
should be considered as blameless as, of
course, it is.
Mrs. Bradshaw Woollffe laughs loudly.
"f surmise it is,'' she answers, "something like the people one can't know and
the people one can. I suppose as long as
one's got a pretty big pile, oue can do anything."
" But to return to Mr. Athelstone," say
Belgravin, a little uncomfortably. " Don't
you really know when he'll come back?"
" Perhaps I do," answers Mrs. Woollffe,
with an odd little smile. " He's just
promised to come and stay with me the end
of the month. I have a niece���a very
pretty girl she is, too���coming over from JN1
York, and as they knew each other in
Amurcu, I thought it would be company
like for them to be together."
Horror and consternation fill the heart
of the Belgravian matron. The prospects
of her two daughters who are " out," and
the blushing ingenue in prospective, flee
further and lurther back into the regions of
What an odious woman ! What a horrible woman I What on earth does she
mean ? Oh, if only she were poor, and
if only the Earl of Longleat hadn't
taken her up, how she would crush
her now beneath aristocratic scorn. But-
well, it never does quite to fall out with so
much money, and lose all the dinners, balls,
and receptions which the wealthy widow
gives right royally in the season. So the
ire is smothered and the frowns dispelled,
and only the sweetest of phrases issue from
lips that are absolutely trembling with
hatred and disgust.
The rooms grow emptier and emptier.
The last visitor leaves, and Mrs. Bradshaw
B. Woollffe leans back in her moat comfort-
ableo'nair, and laughs aoftly to herself iu the
glow of the firelight.
'' We don't raise that sort down our way,"
says, " and I'm glad of it.   Well, I
em convinced that she is dreadfully vul- -hi?k l rlled em Wlth that blt abollt A���f
-get, and really it would he quite impossible U9la' and ll a n�� cnm either She is uncom-
ci know her, only she is so amazingly rich. I mon pretty, and ought to take. I shouldn t
"And she aud Mr. Athelstone are great mm'1 gettln�� a ?,-�� >'��r her> only, 3lie'3 that
faeads, you say?" questions another voice. "w<-et  on  Koith   Im   afraid  it  wont'
.,..,    .. ,,       ,.    , , n I be easy.   But  he don t care a  red her-
V es,    answers   .Mrs.   Bradshaw   B. j        fo[   hw_that  r  know,   r  wondel.
Woollffe, shortly. "Knew each other as what's  1)ecome  of  the  eirl he tolJ me
.-<������ .Ire.,; brought up as brother and sister, j ofjn N- Vork tlut ,,,-_   He &in,t mnki
iui.Ii.lt that, her, and when I asked him why, he cut
How very charming,  simpers an mane.,     ,m h ,   aQ(J aj      d ^ >m me
,���,      aj.Hl,111.     hoe I     '.     , ��     1 n  ,       . n   T, T   ,., ,     ,
mind my own business.   Hut I like that
1 wish he seemed a bit happier,
'"I1 in I that I do.   He's not near ao spry and lively
taakiaa   model  of fashion, settling  heri
r ��� i.tti I I--'" '
Buo.net strings, and wishing that some men ! jreitj|
wauld take it into their heads to
:uiA relieve the monotony of feminine
society. "That sort of relationship is ao
fins* and easv, and no one can say anything,
lira! 1 heard that the Vavasours aie coming
jtn.-.k for the season?"
"So they ire���at least Keith told me so
wheu he last wrote. I knew him in New
jfork," she added, explanatorily. "He is
*mc�� hoy: deserves hia luck, too. L'n-
common rich, ain't he. My ! two million
��� l-vi ..-rs ain't had; and I'm not sure if it
ain't more. Old Hezekiah Jstferson was a
relation of my niece. He was a warm man,
ite. wis, an.l this hoy's got all."
'He ought to marry, suggests 1 Bel-
Uravuti matron, who has two daughters
-'nu*'," an.l a third budding into bloom, and
itKosuing obtrusively anxious 11 ihow her-
��� ��l( i.nong the rosebud "garden or girls,
���-if.in blossom in London season.
���'Marry' And Mrs. Rndshaw B,
'Woollffe laugha, " I guess he ion t think
ol thai vet .wh a He's 0;
likes liberty: lies a bit ikili th, too, but
���if. 1 no' muoh account is - at ��� _��� 1 Ma-
ry ii  will be nore than ....
���.tang time     lome, ������ sn I .  igh the : ��� >
.{., (jo ifte ��� ifter cobs
Bat then ii-; 1 in :ommon lian Isoi
as he used to be. How all these women
are after him '. Gueas I got a rise out of
them that time. My, if they knew he was
coming here to-ni^ht! 'Taint none of their
business though, and I don't mean it to he.
I think I'll keep the dragons off him better 11 most.   I and���Anastasia !"
And ahe laughs again, a pleasant, cheery
laugh, not with any insincere modulation
or false ring like the laugh of Society. But
with A', her vulgarities and eccentricities,
Mra. Bradshaw B. Woollffe is a genuine
- " pours herself out another cup of tea,
ind looks lomplaecntly round her pretty
room : and as she looks, there comes the
found if 1 j-.-jj ou the stairs, and the door
ia thrown open, and a tall figure comes
straight ��� - her in . Isl tne obscurity, and
ihe spring! ip to ��-.come him with a cor-
I ilicy so genuine tnat Society would
-���   - ..gar.
" Keil le ���    oy���so y itt've come.
tea j 1 d tosi      iu, that I am."
Hei    ��� ' r takes    e tw. hands she exit) is tl sir warm pressure.
��� 11 foi   ��� .      ntoai hair by the fire,
���.   ���    1 tin    -" '.''i 1 blaze, in i   iriogs
1 1 abo     him in a
rhaps Iua friend, La :     ...
,     ,..   w  , , ��� il.womanlyfn U is all
Jowq?    mggests I . .    a, ".A'''-- ,
1     '��� '     "'    ": v'.-utions
-thee vel  modulated '       ' *     * igainst the amount
M - BradshawB.V iti : wnhe '" '  '      ' ',"""���'   '""'" "'  * '
muua, and looks itraight 11 I a ipeaker l ies her too, for she ha
-���i���,,.   ...        ....,.,,      pi '"   ' ������"fl":""1 '"""'  tndaysgone iy,
liWsaynghl    lown  whs ' truggliog-a
alem'tknow what you   mean,   wi' I guess
a     .auraine li ag    I woman ind .1 gooi
a\t��, and she'd   e glad   moug
alt playfellow isttl id ind h ipp -
*���', ii j l.'li . ��� for 1 r     fel "������ to know
���hether it's himself or his money thai
tit   likes 1 im ior, md  I nispe 1 K��
wm t like 1.  ������ "ire on thai 1. Ijei I befo 1
he jumped into matrimony,"
there la 1 n imentary hush among the
Gur tea drinkers; hul one ind ill in- igreed
in their minds that Amsrloans have 1 most
nupleasantly coarse way of putting 'mum.
" It's (our yean igo ilnce I ame 11 R i-
moe," resumed Mrs Bradshaw B, .Voollffe,
-' f ve go' more ipry about, yonr ways than
? �����/���.��. But there's one thing I don't hold
with and that is that, you don't, believe
m your women. Our Amurcan girla,
now, go io their halls, and parties,
ainf    ikatin'   matches,   and   |unkstingS,
and the young fellows see them home and
���{airethem about, and we don't think no
harm of i', and as for scandal, why, we'd
.1" 1 man a blackguard who'd say a word
tfrv.tut a girl a oharaoter for goin' aboul
���ith another man.    It's a point of honour
with them to treat cm just as respectfully
w if a hundred mothers and rhaperona
w.ve looking on. .Vow, here in Kuropit
you're all in such a mortal funk, nol, only
w,.ai your gala, but with your married worn-
<���*. Vou don t, seem to believe in such a
thing ai friendship. Why, if a man and
���a woman like In 'ilk to each other there s
nfioandal direotly 11 surmlio Its yuur way,
but it bothers mi', that it (Ioiih.
itrangi       ���    range Ian I, not     it ha   og
1 the waj    I   ,
s 1 cess
"Ami 1 ba       illy left Rome?
���ays Mrs, Bi idahaw It   W if- 1     ut,
���   1 [uesi dog lu
lait ind is begge i her not to ring ior
lights ir disturb I is osy solitude if the
son        1   I li   vara   ie Vavaso
a little m ;e 1 ��� isibls in tha lat <��� ot
the youn^. it , face strangely altered in
these two years   Tk�� features are hand-
101 ies     mt tl re is a haggard, worn
look iboul    ioi., in 1 the bias  eyes are
feieriah and dim, and heavy  s'.adows He
i'i, the long dark lashes.
aha    eyes and  lashel are the 1
beauty in Kei.h Athelstone s face, an 1 1 ,>;
that haunting look of sadness gives then
Untold more attraction than they possessed
"They are quite well,' ha lays, aficr ,1
brief pause; "they oome to town next
week "
" I wonder you did not wait and oome
wilb them."
"Lady Vavasour did not wish it," ho
answers quietly.
Mrs. Woollffe gives him .1 quick glance
and is silent.
" I'vo had a troop of women hore," she
saya presently. "Olad you didn't oot e In
tho midst of their ohatter.   My, tlu-y'ii be
aftor you like fllos after molasses tin him
son, Keith ' Take care ynu .aren't married
iii spite of yotirsolf."
" Married     his voice rings  out   will.
augry energy; "not it 1 know it. I hate
"Hate 'em?���that's queer," remarks
Mrs. Bradehaw B, Woollffe. "I surmise
something's wrong with you, then. Boys
at your age aren't women-haters for nothing."
"I mean, of course, those husband-hunting creatures," says Keith, apologetically.
" Why can't they let a fellow alone, I wonder?"
"Can't say, I'm sure, unless it's just
their malice drives 'em on one against the
other, and each tries to be foremost
with the traps and gins. When a man haa
got money I suppose they think it ain't
right unless he shares it with a female.
And there's such aa almighty lot of women
iu Great Britain, Nice enough, too, some
of 'em ; I like 'em better'u Amurcana.
They've a real good time of it out here, too.
When we get married, we're shelved���done
for. We let the young 'una have their
time ; but, lor' bless me, here the married
women seem to have the best of the fun,
and are aa skittish aa colta even when they
are forty."
"Ves, that's so," answered Keith. " In
these daya married women���so long as they
are pretty���command more admiration and
attentiou than the girla. The fact of being
appropriated eeema to lend them a greater
charm. Perhaps, though,men think they're
safer. The mothers make such dead running, you know, and if you dance twice
with a girl, suspect 'intentions.'"
"It's bad, though," says Mrs. Woollffe,
shaking her head. " Bad for Society���bad
for men���bad for the girla, too. They'll
marry the firat man who asks them.because
they think they'll have more real ireedom
afterwards. But what sort of wives and
mothers will they make?"
" Those are secondary points of consideration"���sneers Keith, and hia face looka
hard and almost cruel now, as the flames
leap np and frame it in their sudden brightness. " Old-fashioned ideas like truth and
constancy, and all that 1"
"Come I can't have you getting cynical,"
says his friend, good-humouredly. "Vou're
too young, and i hate to hear young fellowa
like yourself railing against women. It
don't seem right, somehow. What do you
know of them? They're mighty queer
creatures, and would puzzle the wisest
man; but all the same, they're not all downright bad, and yoa mustn't judge the whole
bale from a poor sample."
Keith says nothing. His eyes go back to
the fire, and a cloud darkens hia brow. He
knows in hia own heart that he bates all
women, only becauae he lovea one���too
In the dressing room of her Park Lane
mansion a woman standa dressed for the
Her face ia lovely, her toilet exquiaite,
a rain of diamonds aeems to glitter about
her; but there is no gladness in the eyes
that gaze at their own reflection, and an
unnatural gravity and sadness seem to sit
on the white brow and round the soft young
It ia the faceof Lauraine���Lady Vavasour.
A maid entera with a bouquetand anote,
and gives them to her.
" Sir Francia deaired me to aay he was
waiting, my lady," she aays, respectfully.
"I will be down immediately. Vou can
take my cloak," answers her mistress.
The maid leaves the room, and Lauraine
opens the note and reads the few lines it
contains. Her face does not change, except to grow even sadder for a moment.
Then she tears up the letter, and, taking
the flowers in her hand, sweeps slowly
away. She moves across the richly carpeted
corridor, and enters another room facing
her own. It is dimly lighted, and all its
draperies are pure white, and the furniture ol aatinwood. In one corner stands a
little cot, the lace curtains looped back
with pale azure ribbons,
A woman nsej at her entrance, and
stands up respectfully. Lauraine passes her,
and goes over to the little bed and looka
down with eyes full of love unutterable at
its inmate.
A child lies there asleep. Soft, dusky
rings of hair curl round the broad white
brow���the cheeks are flushed like a rose���
the tiny scarlet mouth is half open���the
little hands lay outside the snowy coverlet.
Liuraine's whole face grows transfigured aa
she looka on that baby form ; such love-
such rapture���such pure, holy, exquisite joy
irradiates it I She stoops down and presses
her lips to the baby brow���takes one long,
idolising look at the cherubic loveliness that
is her dearest earthly treasure, and then
whispers some parting injunctions to the
nurse and leaves the room.
" How long you have been. Whatadeuce
of a time you women do take to put your
gowns or.," grumbles her husband, aa he
meets her at the bottom of the stairs, "The
horses have been standing out there in tho
cold for more than half an hour."
Lauraine makes a sign to the maid to put
on ber wraps, and then follows her husband
out to the carriage. He has not looked at
her -he has nol noticed one detail of the
I exquisite toilette��� bit voice in addressing
her is harsh ind impatient, and they have
been married but two years, Yotthocoid
ness ind indifferenoe she now receives i.s
ten thousand times preferable, alio think,
to the frantic passion that he had once bellowed, He had been mad to have her,
and he bad won her! Now���Well now
that infatuation looked as absurd aa it
had once been imperative, It is a man's
nature ; it always has been and always wil
a 10
Lauraine too feels strangely changed
(ha siieins to have grown cold, hard, iiidif
ferenl to everything. Thoia two yeara
seem like ten, Thia is her first season in
London sin ������ tne married, and hIic looks
ipon It ai a duly enforced, and  with  not
'in" thn bof pleasure or anticipation,   Sim
ia young, rich, and very lovely; but ahe
irriea i heavy in-art within that beautiful bosom, and knows that tho one groat
"rror of her bf 1 la ever demanding ooinpon.
Si�� months ago ahe and Keith Athelatono
met again. II- had gone baok to Nnw Vork
after bur marriage, to settle bis affairs, ami
for eighteen monthi she had neither seen
nor heard anything of him, When they
mot in lloui" she had been startled and
ilraid of the change wrought In ao brief a
time,    lie looked years older.   Thn bright,
genial, sunny temper that had given him so
groat a charm was now sullen, uncertain,
and bitter.    Ife waa rostlcaa, extravagant,
and capricious,   Much that alio had heard
of him pained and aniioyi d her deeply ; but
she scarcely durod reinoaatralo lor  fear
of boing met with a aneer or a reproach.
He; husband took an unaccountable
fancy to the young fellow, and had
him constantly at their houae ; but it frightened Lauraine to see the hatred and contempt that at times flashed out in Keith's
eyea and voice against the man who called
him friend. No word of the paat���no allusion to that wedding-morning it hera���ever
passed between the young man and herself.
She almoat hoped he had forgotten his boyish passion���would he content to accept
the friendship she had ouce proffered him,
and he had rejected ao scornfully.
For herself nothing seemed to signify
much now. The whole tenderness of her
nature spent itself on her child.
If she could havo had her way, she would
have liked to live in the quiet old Northumbrian house which was her husband's, and
there given herself exclusively up to ths
care and teaching of her boy. But such a
wild idea was, of course, scouted and ridi-
Her husband waa proud of her in a way
���proud ot the sparkling beauty, the dainty
grace, the mind and manners of the woman
he had made his wife. She would never
be faat or vulgar, or think only of conquests
and admiration, and drag his name through
the mire of scandal. No; she would always
be safe���that he felt, and if he had grown
tired of her, he waa determined that the
world should see and'admire her, and applaud Ilia choice. It would gratify hia vanity, if nothing more, just aa it had done in
Kome,where ahe had been courted and wor-
ahippedand eulogised everywhere as" Lady
The carringe rolls smoothly and swiftly
on. Lauraine leans back, with her oyes
gazing dreamily out at the lighted streets.
Her husband breaks the silence at last.
" f want you to be specially civil to Lady
���lean," he says abruptly. "Vou wero very
stand-offiah when she called on you the
other day. She's the moat populat woman
in London, and the prettiest. Vou two
ought to be friends."
"I don't like her," answers Lauraine
"Pon't like her!" he sneers. "No, of
course not. That's just liko a woman I
The moment a man praises one of your own
aex to you, it's quite sufficient reaaon for
you to dislike her. Pray, what'a your objection?"
Lauraine coloura faintly,
"She ia loud and faat. She ridicules
every good and honest feeling, and I think
ahe is very malicious."
'The secret of her auccesa perhaps,"
laughs her husband. " People aro afraid
of her sharp tongue. Tant mieux. But
she ia at all events a woman one would not
get tired of. Few know how to make
themaelvea more agreeable."
"To men, perhaps."
" Well, that's paying ua a great compliment. A woman making herself agreeable
to women ia taking a great deal of trouble
for no purpose unless, of course, they have
the entree where she has not. But Lady
Jean goes everywhere."
"And Lady Jean's husband?" asks
Sir Francis laughs. " Well, one doean't
aee much of him certainly. But he's worth
nearly a million, for all that. The earl
wouldn't have let hia daughter marry him
if he hadn't been."
"Was Lady Jean poor?"'
" Very poor. The Earl of Killery had
six daughters. She waa the youngest, and
the only one who has married. She's been
married six years now."
" Vou knew her beforo���before���" hesitates Lauraine.
" Before I married you ? Oh, yes. We
were very good friends always. That's why
I hope you and she will hit it off. She'll
be of great use to you.
Lauraine is silent. In her own mind she
thinks ahe shall never be able to "hit it off,"
as Sir Francia expresses it. She and Lady
Jean are totally opposite in many reapects,
and she has that instinctive antipathy to
her which a pure and high principled woman often conceives for one whose morals
are lax, whose nature is coarse, whose views,
tastes and opinions are utterly antagonistic
to her own.
The carriage stops at laat. They get out
and are marshalled up a crowded staircase
and into yet more crowded rooma.
Lady Jean Saloman receives them very
cordially. She looks radiant. If not a
positively beautiful womau, she at least ia
a woman who always contrivea to make
herself immediately noticed even amidst
beauty. She ia very tall; dresses superbly :
wears jewels fit for an empress, and is too
much a woman of the world not to know
the worth of popularity.
Au Unlucky Man-
Not long since, in a village in the north
of Scotland, the parish minister meeting a
farm servant who was  a member  of his
flock, the following conversation ensued :
Parish minister: " Well, John, and how
are things doing with you'.' I hope you are
keeping well.'
Farm servant: " Hcch, sir, it'a hard
work I hae to dae ; nae reat from morn tae
nichl ; work an' work, aa' no' a minute's
peace for me.
Parish minister : " Well, John, wo must
all do our share in the work of this world,
Remember, it ia only a preparation for a
belter world, whore there will be no work
io he done."
Farm servant I " Weel, air, that may be
for the likes 0'you, but I'm no'sac sure that
there will be naething for me to dae in the
oilier world. It will be the same thing
tlierc, and I'll be lohl, ' John, clean the
sun,' ' John, hang oot the moon,' 'John,
light the stars an' ao ou. I've nae doubt
they'll tind somthing for mc to do, unlucky
man that 1 am I"
Studying His Miitrejs-
A gentleman recently observed his coachman ai the top of a ladder engaged in doing
something to tho weathercock on the atahle
I roof.
j    " Hallo, Pat," ho aaid, "and what are
you up to there ?"
" Faith,"  replied Pat,   " the misthreaa
wanta particularly tn go for a dhri'-e thia
afternoon, an' she told me to put thc powuy
in at onco ; but, hegorra, ita blowing so
nasty a cawld wind from the astean'aheisso
pretty and delicate,itniade me think that I
' would jii'.t tie thc baatii of a wind lound to
1 tho south-weal with a piece of string, an'
I keep her there till she'd come back from
her ilhrivc."
The more we help others to hear their
burdens, the lighter our own will k.
An llugllsli Journal Ha.va |l Is l.arsrlr Hue
lo Labci- (roubles.
The Newcastle Chronicle has been taking
the viewa of a gentleman who recently
apcntsorr.e months in Australia studying
the critical condition of the financial affairs
there. He has arrived at the conclusion
that the woeful state of A uatralian economics is due primarily to the disastrous
labor wars which have disorganized industry and brought misery and suffering in
their train and, in the secondary degree, to
the land speculators ; to whom is due the
fact that, at this critical juncture, money is
locked up in uurealiaable securities. With
regard to the former of these two causes
The Chronicle's informant ia very decided :
"I am convinced," he said, "that the
labor question lies at the vory root and
foundation of the series of disasters that
have come upon tho colony. My experience
in Victoria has given mo sufficient evidence
of that. They have there an eight hours
legal working day. That would bo all
right if the workmen worked a good day's
work in eight hours. Bat they did not.
The whole syatem was, of course, in favor
of the men. While the law said they should
not work more than eight hours a day there
was nothing to compel them to do a good
day'a work in eight hours. Tho average
wage is very high ; I suppose that on the
whole it is not under 10a. per day, and the
skilled laborers get more. I am apeaking
of work iu the towns and not of agricultural labor. Thc members of the trades
unions were not in the habit of doing a fair
day'a work, and that led to the diaaatrous
conflict between them and their employera.
Thc employera, while not objecting to trades
unions, sought to enforce freedom of contract; they desired to be at liberty to employ
a good workman, whether he waa a trades
unionist or not. The unions refused to concede this right aud declined to allow any
non-unionist to work in their company.
Fiom this germ have grown all the consequent troubles.
"They have had three tremendous strike,
in Australia. First, the general strikes
caused by the federated trades unions endeavoring to coerce shipowners and others
only to employ captains and other officers
who were members of a trades union
affiliated with the Federated Tradea. This
was shortly auccceded by the wool shearers'
strike, and, laat of all, came the great strike
at Broken Hill, which began on July 4,
1892. On Oct. 7 about lOOu men returned
to work, but the main body atill held out,
and it waa not until Nov. 7 that the leaders
declared the strike at an end. During the
whole of that time practically nothing waa
done at the mines. The nominal cause of
the strike waa, as I have said, the claim of
the employers for freedom of contract,
but really it was the great power
that waa being acquiredby the tradea un iona,
and the arbitrary manner in which they
abused thoir power. They were, in fact,
becoming maaters in the mines, and aought
to dictate to their employers. The nu mber
of men employed waa increasing rapidly, and
thoy would not do anything approachi ng a
fair day'a work. The result of the a trike
waa that the employers gained their point.
They did not in any way interfere with
men becoming membera of trades uniona if
they wished, but they held to their claim
to employ free labor if they desired. Since
the strike things have gone on pretty comfortably. Thc output per man has enormously increased, and the men's ear nings
also have to a certain extent risen. In
Australian politics the working men, with
manhood suffrage, are the maaters, and
when times of distress came and idlers
filled the towns, they demanded that
work should be found for thom to do.
The Government obeyed. The energies of
themenwere devoted to unproductive worka,
carried on with borrowed capital. That
was all very well for a time, but it stands to
reason that this state of affairs if long continued is bound to ond iu disaster. That in
just what happened in Victoria. They borrowed aad borrowed until they could borrow
no longer and then, as a matter of course,
the crash came. Melbourne, the capital of
the colony, is not a manufacturing city,
and the manufactures there could not bs
carried ou except by the ridiculous system
of atate aid, which is open to very many
Sorni Causes of Failure-
Careful investigation into the character
of failures in Ontario, and in fact all Canada
daring the past six mouths, indicate that at
least fit! per cent, of them are people who
commenced with small capital during the
past two or three yeara. Two primary
causes can be distinctly traced in this
phenomenon, viz., increasing c empetition,
and having started contemporaneously with
the epoch of" hard times," beginning in Toronto district iu 1800. Not only would this
depression operate against tho then existing
storekeepers directly but it occasioned
many in no way qualified to embark on tho
sea of commerce. And whon the novice,
temporarily out of work, went to a wholesale house, as ia well known, with ono or
two hundred dollars, he would be encouraged to buy moro than he could ever pay for
arguing that he should be surely good for
an opening order, but it ia hard to stop
thore, The lesson to be derived from theso
facts ia that even tho average business
under average ounditions cannot in thefaoe
of present competition when his firat stock
ia not paid for, continue solvent for many
years much leaa make money aa so many
vainly hope. I' would pay wholesalers and
banks to remember this when small new
firms are starting in numbers out of all
proportion to the increase in population and
tho requirements of the public. We find
thc average of failures of this class very
much leas in small towns than in cities; and
that perhaps is caused by the fact that
thero people can gauge better how many
stores a limited community will support.
As an instance in Port Hope a good business was successfully carried on for a fow
years by a firm now in wholeaale fruits in
another city, but no one over succeeded
thom although the town ia proaperoua; and
in many towns there are frequently no successors to recently extinguished linns.
Trials of Actors-
Said one : " The greatest misfortune that
can happen to an actor is to lose his voice."
To which an actor replied . " No, air ;
our greatest misiortune conies in when wu
nave to play tlie part of a King or an Km-
peror on the stag" and go to bed without
supper." HBALTE
Treatment of Barns.
Every little while ono reads some exhaustive treatise on the treatment of burns
and scalds, said trcatiae almost always
ending up with the recommendation to use
limewater and oil, says the New Vork
Ledger, While there may he somewhere
in medical science some excellent reaaon
for the employment of this compound, one
oan not but wonder how such a curious
mixture ever came into favor. One might
die from exhaustion, from pain, before
either of these ingredients could be procured and properly prepared foi uae, besides
not every one understands managing them.
Why not use a remedy within the reach of
every one, something that almost every
pantry affords and which has been thoroughly tested and found in every way to
answer all the demands of a remedy. At
the veiy first possible momont grasp a
handful of lard, such aa ia used for cooking
purposes, and smear it ovor the burned
surface. This answers uutil the regular
remedy can he prepared, which consists
simply ot a paste of tlour and lard made aa
soft as it can be handled. This is spread
about half an inch thick upon a cloth and
applied to tho injured parts. Let it remain until it begins to crumble, which can
bo readily ascertained by raising the cornor
of the cloth. The application must then be
renewed, great care being necessary in
taking off the old plaster that the surface
of the akin is uot broken. If it sticks at
any point, it is much better to leave it than
to run any risk of irritating the hurt and
possibly causing a deep sore. Thc number
of applications will depend upon the nature of the burn. Sometimes it is necea-
sary to renew the plaster a dozen timea,
and it ia worth while to do this if the burn
is deep. In other oases one or two wilt
be quite sufficient.
The burned flesh absorbs all the oil from
the plaster, and the flour serves to keep
the air from it, and if carefully managed,
there will .scarcely be any pain aftor'the
lard is put on.
It ia sometimea desirable to give a soothing mixture and allow the patient to sleep,
for burns are extremely exhausting, and
great care should be taken with the diet,
and every effort made to keep the system
in a state of repose.
If a very large surface is injured there is
danger to life, but this may almost always
be avoided by the immediate application
of the lard. It is safe to assert that the
average of fatal caaes could be reduced more
than half it the course of treatment were
peraiated in.
Cases havo been known where large surfaces have been deeply burned, and the patient has recovered without leaving a scar
when treated in this way. Drugs and
chemicals are best left alone in audi emergencies, simple treatment, absolute quiet
and a moderate amount of plain, nourishing
food almost always insuring a safe and
speedy reccvery.
Sanitary Precautions-
The sanitary condition of the household
is a subject on which one should never
weary of expatiating, says an exchange.
At this time more than usual care should
bo exercised, for as tho warm days come
the disease germs propagate with great
rapidity aud before long will gel the upper
hand of the careless housekeeper. Look at
the cellar, see that there are no vegetables
or fruit in a half decayed atate, clear out
odds and enda of all aorts, sweep, scrape,
scrub if necessary, brush out, dust all aahea
from the heater, that havo accumulated
during the Winter aud hang around on the
cobwebs, for they are nurseries of disease.
Dark spots on the wall should be cleaned
and whitewashed. Lime is a great purifier, and copperas water is invaluable for
kilhug diseaae germs. Two or three pounds
of copperas dissolved in half a barrel of
water and used with a sprinkler around
drains and low places where the water
aottles out of doors may save a doctor's
large bill or a break in the family circle.
Pour a few pailfula of copperas water down
the sink and through the pipes, deluge
water closets with it and scatter it in all
places where there aro bad odora.
Keep a can of potash on the shelf over
the kitchen sink, drop a few crystals into
theaink and let the water dissolve it aud
run away through the pipes; watch all
damp cornera; if the walls are water-soakid
aud paper falls off, leaving a colony of well-
developed fungus growths in various shades
of blue and black, acrape tho walls, get a
little Portland cement, mix it with water
and put it on with a whitewash brush.
Work rapidly, and this will not only give
the walla a hard finish, but will make them
aa waterproof aa a china cup.
Somo day, when we know a great deal
more than we do now, all of the plaster on
our walla will he made of this sort of material, stuff that water can not get through;
then wo will have no further trouble with
paper falling off and growing damp and
Morc people dio from carelessness and
stupidity in tho world than from any
other cause. It is too much trouble to keep
things clean, and because tho enemy
doesn't oomo with a roaring noise and
brandished weapons, nothing is thought
about it. A stitch in time saves nine, ami
a little care early in tho season may save
doctora' large foes and not unfrequontly
undertakers' largor bills.
Tobacco as a Microbicide-
Dr. Tassinari haa published in the Italia
Tormate the results of an investigation into
the effects of tobacco smoke on microbes.
Hefind8i (1) That the smoke of tho Cavour,
Virginnla aud Tuscan cigara, and all black
and chopped tobaccos possess a very pronounced bactericide power, especially
against the bacillus of Asiatic cholera. (2)
This microbicide action may in all probability bo attributed to the producta of nicotine
(���'I) In epidemics of cholera and typhus tho
use of tobacco may be rather useful than
hurtful. (.') Tobacco smoko merits special
consideration on the hygiene of the mouth
iiHa prophylactic means ol combating micro-
Iiiiiii affections of the bucal cavity.
Potroleum for Diphtheria.
In tho Nnnntiiiilie ife.ilicale of Rouen
there is an interestingiiccounI ofa now and
ao far wonderfully successful treatment of
diphtherial It appears that, ill the village
of NimiviNi- l 'hanip-il'i lisul, about nine mih's
from Rouen, a malignant type of tho disease
broke out last year.   The country doctor,
M. Frederic Flahaut, treated the cases in
the uaualway, but the deaths were numer.
oua. Remembering, as he says, tint the
Kngliah use petroleum aa an antispasmodic
and an antiseptic, he determined to try it
as an experiment. Hia first trial waa in the
case of a little girl, 7 yeara old. He had
already given her up, and proposed to the
parents to make the experiment, which
consisted in swabbing the throat with common petroleum. He had little hope of the
success of his new method, but to his astonishment, he noticed an improvement after
the firat application. He continued the
treatment and the child recovered. Then
he tried it suceesafully with hia other patients.
This year he had forty cases of diphtheria
to treat.and he was successful in every one.
In order to be perfectly sure that the caaes
in question were genuine ones of malignant
diphtheria, he had the expectorated matter
submitted to the analyai8 of Prot. Francois Hue of tho Rouen College of Medicine,
and the Professor reported that he had
clearly discovered the presence in it of
numerous bacilli of diphtheria. Moreover,
his diagnosis waa confirmed by Drs. Des-
hayes, Lercfalt, and Ballay of Rouen, the
last named being the physician in chief of
the hospital of that city.
The treatment presents little difficulty or
danger. The swabbing ia done every hour
or every two hours, according to the thickness of the membranea, which become, as
it were, diluted under the action of the
petroleum. The brush, after being dipped
in the petroleum, should be shaken to prevent any drops falling into the respiratory
channels. The patients experience relief
from the very first application. The disagreeable taste of the petroleum remains
for a few moments only.
Dr. Flahaut has been interviewed by several reporters of Paris papers. He is a modest
man, and appeara to be astonished at the
noise that he is making in the French medical world. He ought to become famous and
rich, for he has certainly struck oil.
The Telephone Ear-
The great good which the telephone does
in annihilating distances will probably always make it a popular instrument, but its
effect upon the hearing of those who use it
continually is such as to make the question
pertinent as to whether in the future we
will not be a raoe of deaf people. At the
recent meeting in Paris of aural surgeons it
was stated that people whose ears are not
sound are always given to head-ache,
vertigo, inaomnia, or other mental disturbances whenever compelled to listen to the
telephone for any length of time. The
advice was given then that thoae having
unsound ears should never attempt to listen
to the telephone, as aural difficulties would
follow, and possible mental unbalancing.
Those who could not listen without injury
were said to have the " telephone ear," and
this ear could be obtained by apersistent use
of the instrument in many cases. In this
country an examination of a large number
of thoae stationed at telephone headquarters to receive and send measages shows
that a great number have the " telephone
ear," which ia permanently injuring them,
and that many othera suffer more or less
with slight deafness and headache. Many
girls have to give up the work finally, and
others after a few weeks trial, aa the
instrument makes them nervous, and
produces headaches. Tho aural congres8
advisod finally that the telephone should be
uaed by thoae with sound ears just aa
little as possible, or some difficulty might
arise where the audi tory apparatus seems
Convenient Rustio Gate-
Many of the most frequently uaed farm
pathways lead through fields in places distant from the wagon gate. An ordinary
small gate on such a path is very apt to be
left open, permitting the stock to trespass
on growing crops. A stile over the fence ia
generally unsightly, and climbing the steps
is only leas inconvenient than climbing the fence. A suitable gate for such
a pathway ia shown in the illustration.
This gate is always open for people,
but when a four-footed animal attempts
to pass,   the   gate   swings    against  an
If gentle Annie had had to wait until the
Springtime came this season ahe would
probably have called the match off.
Wiggs���"What measure of success did
he attain?" iVagga-"Small. He waa into
the strawberry huainess, you know."
He (exhibiting sketch)���" It's tho best
thing i ever did." Sho (sympathetically)
" Oh, well, you mustn't let that discourage
" I want a good witness to prove an alibi," said the lawyer to a court heeler, " I
see," said the latter; a witness to prove a-
"Did you wear that hat wheu you went
to meet Jack at the train?" "No ; he ia so
demonstrative I was afraid he'd ruin the
Wild-Kyed Man���"I want somo soothing syrup, quick I" Druggist���" What
sized bottle?" Wild-Kyed-Mau���"Bottle I
I want a keg I   It'a twina I"
Baseball Crank���"Why do you leave in
the middle of the game, Isaaca?" Isaacs���
" Ef'ry time dot umpire saya 'dree balls'
he looks me righdt in der face."
Little Willie���"What is a phonograph !"
Hia Mamma���"A thing you talk to and it
talks back." Willie���"Oh, I thought that
was a servant girl."
"If I should steal a kiss from you,
Pray, pretty maid, what would you do?''
With eyelidsdrcoped.shemurmurcd," Well,
Until you do, how can I tell?"
Chappie���"That was a narrow squeak
that Buppuma had the other day." Sam-
jones���"I hadn't heard it." Chappie���
"Yes; another man o' the same name was
killed in a railway accident,"
"I wish my teeth were not so regular,"
sighed the young woman, regarding herself
pensively in the glass. " Every time I
smile when I'm talking to Harry he looka
as if he wondered how much they coat."
Wife���" Why, Charles, what do you
mean by burning our old love letters?"
Husband���"I have beeu reading them, my
dear. And it occurred to me that after I die
some one who wished to break my will
might get hold of them and use them to
prove I was insane."
Miss Fuzzie���" I want to break my engagement with Mr. Sappie, but I don't
know how to do it without driving the poor
fellow to suicide." Little Brother���"Why
don't you let him see you in curl papers
just once."
Mrs. Meadow (at city hotel)���"Ooo!
There's a fly in this soup." Mr. Meadow
(who haa traveled aome)���"Hush, Miranda,
don't speak ao loud. No uae exposin' our
ignorance. Thia bill of fare ia in French,
and mebby we ordered fly soup."
How .Nature Makes a Chisel tbnt Always
Keeps Sharp.
As in every "gnawer," the beaver's skull
ia armed with two long chisel-like teeth in
each jaw. These teeth are exceedingly
powerful, and are to a beaver what an ax
ia to a woodman. One such tooth taken
from the lower jaw of a medium-sized skull
(they can be removed without difficulty,
unlike the most of oural is bent into nearly
a semicircle, and measures five inches along
its outer curve. Only one inch of this
length projects from the skull. The corresponding one from the upper jaw is bent
more than a complete half-circle, and measures upon its outer face four inches, of
which less than an inch protrudes from its
bone casing. In width each tooth is five
eighths of an inch. Examination of one of
them reveals the secret of how a beaver can
perform such feats aa chopping down a
birch-tree sit teen inches in diameter, not to
apeak of softer wooda, like the basawood, of
much greater size. The tooth is composed
of two materials. Along the outer face or
front of the tooth is a thin plate of exceedingly hard enamel; on the inner, forming
the body of the tooth, is a substance called
dentine. The dentine, being softer, wears
away with nse ; the thin enamel remains
comparatively unworn, so that the tooth
assumes the shape of a keen chisel that
never grows dull. The tooth is hollow at
the base for half its length, and is filled
with a nourishing substance which keeps it
constantly growing. Thus, not only ia the
natural wearing away provided against,
but a certain amount of wear becomes an
actual necessity. With such instruments,
the beaver ia admirably fitted for obtaining
its natural food, the hark of shrubs and
trees,���[June St. Nicholaa.
outer post of the triangle and closes the
way. A person standing in thc angle can
easily swing the gate so as to make a wide
passageway. The hinges should be strong,
and the gate so heavy that the wind cannot
move it q uickly.
Dryimr Himself
An English labourer attempted to drown
himself; but ?.n Irish reaper, who aaw him
going into the water, leaped in after him
and brought him safe to shore. The
man attempted it the second time, and the
reaper again brought him out. But the
labourer, being determined to destroy
himself, watched for an opportunity, and
hanged himaelf behind a bam door. The
Irishman observed him, but never attempted to cut down the body. Several hours
afterwards the master of the farmyard asked the Irishman upon what
ground he had suffered the poor fellow to
hang there,
"Faith," replied Patrick, "Idon't know
what you mean by ground. I fetched him
out of the water twice, and he waa wet
through, ao I thought he had hung himaelf
up there to dry, and I did not think it waa
my place to prevent him."
A New Vork firm is manufacturing a
self winding clock.
The telephone has been successfully used
in surgery to locate the position of metallic
substances in the body, thus enabling an
operation to he performed iu the right
direction al once.
Paper ia now being made fireproof, and ia
extensively used in the construction of
dwellings. It cau he mado of any color
deaircd, and cau be polished and worked
like most wooda,
Employment of Discharged Sailors and
In the Houso of Lords Lord Sandhurst
has given a very satisfactory account of the
steps that have heen taken to promote the
employment of discharged old soldiers and
sailors of good character. Nearly all the
messengers at present in the War Ollice
aro men who have served in the army. For
more than 10 years past, all posts of this
kind at the Admiralty have been given to
old sailors. The Postmaster-General has
thrown open many similar appointments to
old army men. The great railway companies are under promise to do the same
thing, and the association for finding
employment for discharged soldiers
" placed" nearly .'1,000 men laat yoar,
aa against leas than ion in a like period a
few years ago. The tars have thoadmiralty
alone, while army inenaeem to have the pick
of all the departments. The fire brigade re-
cruita largely from the navy. The friends of
thc men are still asking for more. The Earl
of M in tn has put forward a reasonable ami
welt-considered claim in favor of the opening
of higher appointments in the civil service to
auch non-commissioned ollicers and soldiers
as may bcable to pass thc examination,
A Domestic Episode-
He (crossly)���" Why do you al ways contradict me ?''
She(humbly)���"I don't want to, dear."
Ho���"You do it just thesame,  and I
don't want it to occur again."
She-" Yea, dear."
He (after aome oversight)���" Well I think
I'm the bidgeat fool in town."
She-" Yes, dear."
Anger ia as dangerous at the breech aa at
the muzzle.���[Detroit Freo Press.
What every man gets takes that much
aay from some ono else.
Temporary Piatform for Topping a Stack-
When hay .ir fodder is stacked out of
doora the pitching up of the last two loads
is attended with extremely heavy atraiuing
work by tho man on the load. From this
cause stacka are too often topped out and
called finished before they are high enough
to properly shed rain. The accompanying
engraving from a sketch by LU. Snook,
ahows a temporary platform which will aid
in overcoming these difficulties. When the
stack h s reached the height to which a mau
can conveniently pitch from the bottom of
the load, two smooth poles are laid parallel,
cross-wise across the top of alack, one end
left projecting about three and a half feet.
Half a load of hay is thrown upon the inner
end of rails, and a fow boards nailed on the
projecting ends. To give Greater strength,
props from the grou nd are nailed to the
outer edge. The hay is then pitched upon
the platform, and thence to the stack.
When finished, the hoards are removed,
and the poles either left in position or pulled
out of stack.
Entering; Russia
Jonas Stedling, in an article in the Century
Magazine, thus describes his experience on
entering Russia:���Heft Stockholm onJFeh-
ruary 24. In Berlin I waa informed that the
Slavophil press in Russia had expressed
its disapproval of assistance from Germany
and my fnenda doubted if I wouldbe permitted to enter the famine-stricken villages.
Thus with rather gloomy prospects I left
Berlin on the night train for Warsaw. At
the border station of Alexandrovo, next
morning, Russian officials searched our luggage. I travelled second class. On boarding
the Russian train I ��� observed the passports were returned to my fellow-passengers
but not to me which caused me, some
anxiety. Finally a gendarme came in and
handed me my paaapori*. After a few
minutes the same gendarme came again
accompanied by tho conductor, and
said to me in a commanding tone,
" Vash passport I" (" Your passport") I
answered ar. politely as possible that my
passport had already been examined and
stamped, and asked why he wanted it a second time, Stepping up tome, the gendarme
roared out as if he were drilling a fresh recruit from the village : " Eto nashe dielo !
Vash passport!" ("That's our business I
Your passport !") I produced it without
further remark. My fellow-pasaengers looked at me, as it seemed, with suspicion, and
my own feelings reminded me of the words,
of a Russian nobleman to me on a former
visit, " Russia is a gigantic prison, whero
honest men must submit to be treated as
criminals." Two years previously I had
written a book on the religious movement
in Russia which had been forbidden by the
Russian censor, but 1 did not think my
name could be on the list of auspicious or
dangerous foreigners. After about an hour
the conductor handed me my passport. On
examining it I could not diacover that anything had been done to it beyond writing
my name in Russian on it, An old German
gentlemen, who had observed my anxiety,
aaid to me in a low and paternal tone, " In
Russia you must never ask questions nor
make objections, nor worry yourself, but
quietly submit, and leave everything to
������real Arena of Fertile Laid anil  Almost.
Unlimited  Mineral Wraith.
There ia an area equal to an English
county for every man, woman and child in
the Australian, absolutely unoccupied and
undeveloped, asserts Mr. Edmund Mitchell
of Victoria. No amount of word-painting
or piling up of statistics can give even a
faint idea of the vast potential wealth of
Australia. Full revelation only comes when
one travels over the country, and, seeing in
patchea here and there what the aoil is
really'capable of, fimia the land a veritable
wilderness with no sign of veritable occupation except for a few sheep fences. The
malleeacrub of Victoria, exteuding fortena
of thouaands of square miles, has only to be
rolled, burned otT, and tickled with the
stump-jumping plough to produce harvests
of wheat that cannot be beaten in anv other
part of the world. That vast, perfectly
flat area lying between the Murray and the
Murumbidgee rivers has a aoil rich aa that
of a garden, but it is given over to sheep,
running about one to the two acres, and
producing about 7 shillings' worth of wool
per annum. In (Queensland, upon the aa-
vannalisstrctching hundreds of milea in every
direction, the traveller ridea or drivea
through natural herbage reaching to hia
buggy polea or hia saddle-girths, and in a
day's journey sees only a few hundred sheep
or a few score cattle ; population, iu the
proper aense of the word, there is none. The
unbounded productiveness of these virtually
waste lands is
Australia can grow meat, butter, chees
wine, fruit and wheat for the whole world
From a few butter factories in Victoria, for
example, a single steamer has recently taken
away ��35,000 worth of chilled butter, and
shipments are proceeding upon thia acale
weekly for three months each aeaaon,
although it ia only within two years past
thatthe export trade in thia article was
commenced. Victorian brandy has been
pronounced by the British medical journals
to be equal in quality to the finest French
cognac. The results already achieved in
Australia show almost unlimited possibilities for wine-making. The fruit trade alao
haa an indefinite future, grapes, peaches,
apricots, orangea, lemons, pears, apples,
plums, pineapples, and almost every other
known variety capable of sea transport
flourishing as iu the sunniest corners of
France, or Spain, or Italy. Then even the
already important pastoral industry is capable of expansion, for an immense area of
country is still unstocked, and in the wool-
growing districts a system of small farming,
with cereals and stock dividing the attention of the agriculturist, would vastly increase the
The fattening of sheep and cattle for export in the frozen atate to the marketa of
Europe is an enterpriae aa yet merely in ita
infancy. The primeval forests in many regions are rich in valuable timbers, but their
ailence ia still unbroken by the ring of the
woodman's axe. Instead of the 3000 camels
now in use in the arid regions of Central
Australia there might be a hundred times
that number opening up pastoral country
as yet incapable of occupation through the
impossibility of getting up station supplies,
and enabling gold reefs to be worked where
men cannot now subsist for scarcity of
water. Only a pinch of the mineral wealth
in the bowels of the earth has yet been extracted. In Tasmania is the biggest tin
mine in the wot Id, Mount Biachoff ; in New
South Wales the biggjat silver mine in the
world, the Proprietary ; iu Queensland the
biggest gold mine iu the world, Mount
Morgan ; in South Australia one of the biggest copper miues, Moonta; around Newcastle, New South Wales, are aome of the
most extensive coal measures anywhere to
be found. But though hundreds of millions
of pounds sterling worth of minerals have
been raiaed in Australia, it is certain that
thousands of millions remain to be won.
(.real Thins. Expected From the Violoncello Piano.
The manufacturers of musical inatru-
ments aa well aa others have for yeara been
endeavoring to free the tone of the piano
from its disagreeable metallic harshness.
The aim haa been to produce a mellow
"singing" quality, possessing aa much aa
possible the flexibility and austaiued character of the human voice. A thoroughly
satisfactory solution of this problem has not
Largest Ox in the World.
William McMillian, of Atlantic, Iowa
claims the ownership of the largest ox in
the world. Hia meaaurementa are as follows :   From head to rump, 12 feet ,'1 inches;
from tip of nose to tiu of tail, 17 feet 8 ,.
inches; girt, 11 feot finch; across hipj, j been reacheal a3 yet, but great efforts are
���2 feet ll inches; from brisket to top of ahoul- '-'onatantly being made toward us accom-
der, 4 feet 11 inches, circumference-front ' I'hshment, I rotessor M. de Blaminck, of
leg at body, 20 inches, of hind lag between j P?���-.{,'f  ���   ,,lg"t\J..!Pi ?*.* iaO*.!.
knee and body, 2 feet 8 inchea, height to '	
top of shoulder, 0 feot 4 inches ; weight
,1700 pounds. This weight waa taken last
on his return from an exhibition tour of the
country and state fairs of Iowa and Nebraska. Mr. McMillian estimates that Ilia
ox, which ia named Jumbo, will now weigh
at least 300 pounds more thau when weighed laat autumn. Jumbo ia a thoroughbred
Durham, with tho characteristic red color
of that breed, and unmarked excepting a
whiti) star in the forehead. He has been
pronounced by the the beat stock breedera
direction. He has conceived the idea to
construct an instrument which would combine the special features of a string instrument, considered as leading, with that ofthe
accompanying piano. Under the piano a violoncello or a violin ia attached and closely
connected with the piano. The left hand
of the player controla the keya, while the
right guides tne how of the atring instrument. An ingenious mechanism cauass the
mellow clearness of the tone produced upon
the string instrument to keep up with the
established pitch of the piano and imparts
of Iowa and Nebraska as being as finely a ! a ��ra-t Puritirv ���l sweetness to the tone of
proportioned animal aa they have ever seen. Ithe lllUer*   ' *!** **l3�� e,8>' to Pro<luce the
He will be 7 yeara old on July 14, 1S02,
He is gentle as a kitten, and has but a moderate appetite. Ho was raised by C. W. Cura
tis of Oaae County, Iowa, who haa marketed aeveral brothers and half brothers of
Jumbo, whose weight rangod from 2201) to
2800 pounds.
The Austrian frozen Mutton Industry-
Some ideaofthe gigantic pro port ions which
this industry has attained may bo gathered
from the fact that ono of the establishments
alone, the Australian Chilling and Freezing Works, at Aberdeen, on tho Croat
Northern Railway, lli'2 miles from Sydney and some 87 milea beyond Newcastle,
can freeze 850 and chill I,WW sheep daily,
The voasels load at Newcastle, a special train
convoying the mutton to that port, whero aa
many as 0,000 sheep have been loaded in one
day. The steamers carry their cargoes to
England. The vessels are provided with
refrigerating machinery and deliver their
cargoes iu frozen cooilitiou.
He who haa lost his honor can lose nothing more.
If bread is the staff ol life, pio is the gold
head on it.
so-called tremolo as well aa sustained organ
tones on thia new piano, which ia something
that is impossible to obtain from the ordinary pianos now in use. When the violoncello-piano embraces five octavea it is said
to be capable of taking the place of every
| stringed instrument. It has met with the
l strong approval of leading muaiciana, and
great things are expected from this startling innovation in the piauo world.
He Found It.
It ia not easy to tell a nelf-conceited man
how he is regarded, but now and then aoma
one proves equal to the task.
During the American Civil War a man,
great in his own eyes, was, by some influence, appointed brigadier-general, Hia
sense of hia own importance waa at once increased. He could hardly apeak of anything clae but his new dignity. Meeting a
"home-spun'' Yankee one day, he accosted bim thus:
" Well, Jim, I s'pose  you know  I've
been appointed brigadier-general':'
"Ves," said Jim, " I heard so."
" Well, what do folks say about it ?"
"They don't say nuhin'," replied truthful Jamea; "they juat laugh." ii iiiiiaoiiin ii'iiiiiiiy j gooe inlo uglll'efl
on tlio Biibjeot of llie appropriations.
After more thun half 11 column of explanations uml beliefs ii leaves tho
matter precisely nn we left it lust wook.
Of tho money to bo devoted to roads,
trnilfl nud bridges, $12,000, Uevol-
stoko is to have $12,500, less than
one-third, lu the specified amounts
of tbo whole appropriation of ��75,000
the disproportion is still greater, Hut
no complaint was made of this unfair
division until tbo Tribune advooated
tbo using of Kevelstoke's one-third
(or some portion of it) on tlm Kuslo
wagon rond, "believing it best for the
interests of tbe province'' that Slooan
pre should go out to Kootenny Lnka,
uud of course via Bonner's Furry to
an Amerioan smelter. This may or
may not "be for tbo best interests of
the province," but it is too muoh t.i
prpeot thut we will acquiesce in any
such arrangement as shutting up tho
Lardoau for auothor year in order to
facilitate the exit of Sloaun ore in the
opposite direction, With nil tbo
'Tribune's skill in quibbling it oannot
deny the correctness of our figures;
but iu decrying the Lardeau mines,
nud intimating that thoy are uot
worth a wagon road, the Tribune is
working against, tho interests of tbo
very people it wishes to bo thought
well of, for the grout majority of
thoso who have bought nnd are still
buying miuiug claims iu the Lardoau
are Americans, nud tbey have just as
{strong a desire and just as much right
to.huve proper access to tli ir property iib the chiiui-owuers of tilooiin.
. A COUNTY COURT will bo hold
nt Revelstoke on Monday, the 17th
day of July, 1893.
-. .'.,.' Registrar.
... Revelstoke, June 19th, 1893.
, i/iiu > i.���j
. .. u UV,
Mj    -    ���    ...    ,.,-.     .
.       ���   , /! CCO to 2!2 Fi EST ��� IORTH
_.-     w ��*w *��i-�� v., i.   mm    '..���'...*"���.-*. V   IWi
:. ���   .
DEAM R1.1 01    6fiS.
. . 1   I. '���    -:t
"^P0"3        CHICAGO, JLL ST. LC ; :ES-
Sheepskin       m:.��M wmim*   CalSUia, Dry Hides,
Exporteriof    TannBi"-"/.        ^, r,.f   .,.., PtllS, FllfS, WOOl,
rl��r i!��RTur-i hid**  ~ Tallow, Crease, Deerskins,
riiaChainiiiLii.. runii  _
, .---���    ...
SieuRO v !'. ���.. - oi '     ..,* , ( Minn,
Ft. Obaboowk Nat.BanKiCh   aoo.        Ul.
MoHTaNANa-i     - ,i L,.,',,i, nfi.e.i.. Mont.
'.'. j i'ii.��i National L'.na,    Quaat i i.-ls, ,��.unt.
-, r ���     M.tio ���     "ai   ,     : ...... ������- w,
. I ,\i.r. Jank O'-'>....-.'���-    , ,.,      nu.
'....:  :..',:.    ��� ���������.���.  .....   .       I |
Original li,  oil ���'   |
Shipments iollckedt  ....... j,., . 'it eulars,
Slilpiii rn fruii Mi iSinti Cor ��� Itliuuil Con-
. . :.   * SI  ,lj, .. i.   ...'.
I      .  If
a- ...,:,,,��� .,;.��� .int-jai-j -aa..    u-n. ,-,-aiia   :>aa��.ii,;, ���1 .. .1.   .���^    -tg&- aSJUU.. T.i'.i'isMMIt
Mining: and Eeal Estate Broker and General
Commission Agent.
agent for TROUT UU CUT, KASLO C.TY, NAKU P & other
, Notice is hereby given, tbnt tbe
following iiiMitioual Mining Recording Division iu tlie West Kootenay
Electoral District bus beeu established, namely :���
8. Lardeau ��� Duuiol A. Lamey,
Recorder���to comprise all the lniid
on tbe Lardo Kiver, commenoing at a
', point eigbt milea from where tbo snid
river leaves Trout Lake, and on all
(streams flowing into such portion of
the Lardo Kiver, and on all the
streams and rivers flowing into Trout
Lake, and into tbo Columbia lliver,
Upper Arrow Lake, between Alcololex
Kiver and Half-way Creek, excepting
tbe lands ou Fish Creek lying north
' of Battle Creek, and on the Btreams
flowing iuto tbe said Fish Creek above
��� Battle Creek.
Notice is also given that tbe limits
'of the Revelstoke and Illecillewaet
Mining Recording Divisions, as defined ou tbe Slth day of Deuembi r,
1891, aud the -ith day of August,
1892, reBpeotively, are altered by ex-
'eluding those portions of thediva
uow contained wit bin the afoi .- i
Lardeau Division.
Deputy Provincial Seen I
Provincial Secretary's Office, < I
-May, 1898.
'Do the llie* li. it her you?
Of course tbey do.
You can   get " taglefool
Paper at. the Phari
put nu eud to tbe ;'..���
We have just opened a new st
PiEFlMS & rO.LEI :;-.?,
'which must I	
reasi:. ible i it*
Revelstoke Phaiiiiacv
ABRAHAilrfON BR  ���    I
First-class Table, good Beds,
Is situated at the head of the North-East Arm of Upper
Arrow Lake, it is the easiest poiut from which to enter (he
remarkably rich mines of the Lardeau and Fish Creek Districts. It will have the advantage of both rail aud steamboat lines. The C.P.R. will begin the building' of a line from
Revelstoke to the N.E. Arm of Arrow Lake as soon as the
weather will permit. LARDEAU is at the head of navigation ou this Ann, and wiil he tbe terminus of steamers and
that ol the Lardeau at Kootenay Railway. There is no
questiou that thelticb Miuing Districts which are tributary
to LARDEAU will attract thousands of Prospectors and
Capitalists during the present season, anil that a large town
will grow up at that point. The history of Kaslo will be
repeated at LARDEAU this year, ami investors in Kooteuay
property should study the situation. Kaslo, in many instances, has already repaid from 500 to 1,000 por cent, to
Tlie wisdom of an investment in LARDEAU is
without question.
For further particulars, prices and terms, apply to auy of the undesigned.
ROBERT IRVING, Trustee, Broad Street, Victoria.
H IO ii V CROFT, Colonist Building, Qovernment Street, Victoria,
DOl'GL \*- aV CO., 139 I .',:: et, Vancouver.
(aI. I! '-.:,- ��������� - ., 57 Jameson Building, Spokane.
li, II.  LEE, r. I..-.. K OPS,
DAVID :'. DOl OLA.S, Besidenl Agent, Lardeau.
*-=-   ��� --.     -��� ���-������-/,
Ifto American
.  ...o,y    ���
REVEL.**       E TABLE
"     2
Pa    '
'   r : ', I,
' ", etc.
. tho
Kootenav Lake
'N'.".LS    ��� BALFOUR
Large Stocks on band.
Prfcu'ftrntjnrin nre I,, ing made for thn
Ureal Sailding Boom of 1893,
1'.' ' i
. i
i    tc
,,  ,.     !   .
i'ork, N V.
- "   M    **. -    "'
\,x,p.in, -nu-fu*!,
Ladies' Fancy Goods and.
KI  11 I K l\\ ill
lew Denver'
D E A L E R S    IS
"1 (T"TTT
O'  0
^q ^i\i
ib ma
Giant Powder kefi ia stock at lew Denver and
lessrs. 0. B. Hume & Co,
Revelstoke Station*
Consignment oi Butter and Egga received every week.
Our stare at Trout lake Citv is stocked with
RvflrsrtliiTi? FGOuired bv
MXill J�� iJ     w/iiyt     .i^ x v 'tJixi wU��> vi Ut
'���fi  ���.
��� ���      . ]     rv.   - "
���������'������   '   ,
''.   fi
���flrj t
j.**4   5    H"
fi   .
���r.    0
0*  -fi
t  ���
fe s
K  1)
"   ���*,
7. O
0)   IS
m M
ti v
x>   .
1.1 ��
3 a
X ���    i     '������'   I-1      ��� -ui/
���i \ "   '-A ��� A> 0       '��� P*
W^        '%J     >
.*. t****vxBA***Tra.txLiL*uliv. .-���uMuuiKaiiaBniiMnautm
p kr I [ ���'���';f''i din no1
. a 06 U LiUOJ IdjhdilQt
h,  H O W " O it,
tins n large Steel o; Koi .(-hold Fu niture, Coffins, Caskets,
Shrou.i*. '���'(',.
Indian Leg-null nr f'niiiilti'�� Thrirty tia-
iiomii Animal���The Yellow   Knives'
glory ii.'lin- llclmr
'Siniuiii you isk mo whence those etoriosl
Whence thOSO 101,'l-llll-illlll traditions I
I should answer, 1 siioiiM toll you,
In tin- bird .no.-i nf I lie forest,
in lhe lodges ol the beaver."
How many ladies comfortably wrapped
in their beaver fun during the past winter
gave a thought to the wonderful little ani-
in.il, now fist vanishing from iis lust home
on the American continent, of whose
doings Longfellow thus sung
attached to the beaver far more of romauce of
natural history than even Sir John Liih-
book can claim on behalf of his favorite
ants. The tales with which it lu* been
associated in tie Indian mind furnish an
interesting index to the mental fertility of
tlie aborigines of North America,, and as
one listens to the accounts which northern
travellers bring from the Indian encamp-
ments, it is difficult to believe that these
siars inrougn a imp uuui iu n^in,cu auo
world and melt the snow which by this time
covered the tops of the tallest pine-trees.
They themselves then returned to the earth,
aud it was during this descent from heaven
that the moose flattened his nose and the
il   TT1J.U0    iU.IIUUUI.iUUlil.
Hdw a iapnnl.il  Widow tot IIUl or Her
Few murder trials have caused  such a
sensation in the old world as the one recent-
beaver split his tail, splashing the blood all j fy^ommltted in Spain'.   It will long hold
over the lynx, so that ever afterwards, until 11*,9 (���������,��� for horror against all similar stories
red-skinned subjects of Her Majesty ought
really to be classed us savages. There is
about the records they hand down from
generation to generation a wealth of
imagery and beauty of thought hardly less
than that with which the white man of Europe and the East surrounded his own early
In his "I,i Decouverte des Sourcesdu
Mississippi" Beltrami talks of lhe beaver
in his own romantic way. The beavers, ae
gravely as-ei is, "aie divided into tribes,
aud sometimes Into small hands only, ot
which each has its chief, and onler and discipline reign there, much more, perhaps,
than among the Indians, or evan among civilized nations,
the present day, the beaver's tail is flat an
the lynx is sootted.
In his interesting "History and Traditions of the CanaJian Heaver,' Mr. Horane
T. Martin gives this legend in the form it
assumed among   other Indian   tribes, and
  there is much to be said for this plea that
Vet there is: while the Indian cannot justly be classified
amoug the spirit worshippers, yet he should
be regarded as much above the range of
fatlchism, and may moat properly he considered as a nature worshipper. In reasoning out the problem of the world's creation,
lie believed tha' in the beginning the earth
was covered with water, and he peopled it
with the beaver, the musquash, and the otter, whoso aqltal io haluti must have impressed him, But a�� the building o; the world
was a prodigious task these animals were all
OP A nIHAYrii f.l.i.
They dived and brought up the mud with
which the Great Spirit, the Manitnu, made
the earth, and left it to the giat.i beavers
to build its mountain ranges and carve out
its cataracts and caves. When the tifne
came for the introduction of man the animals were endowed with speech, but showing themselves unworthy of so high a privilege, man was brought forth from the
spirits of the departed animals aud in time
became lhe chief among all living things,
"smoothing with his hand the giant beasts,
making them gradually smaller.!1
From such legends has grown the much
discussed question as to the reality of the
giant heavers, of whioh the early and rough
records of Canadian history speak. Indeed,
three-quarters of a century ago an English
scientist, Mr. Charles Fothergill, was so
impressed with these Indian legends that
he actually undertook a mission to Canada
laauij aau (jUuiiilijauij
has its territory. If any stranger is caught
trespassing he is brought hefore the chief,
who, for the first otl'ence, punishes him ad
corrcctionen, and for the second deprives
him of hia tail, which is the greatest mis-.   , ,      . ��� , .     ,, . ..   .,
fortune which can happen to a beaver, for | *|* J���?* !!|U*15L*S.!1?'..
this tail is their cart upon which they trail-
port, wherever it ia desired, mortar, stones,
provisions, etc.; and it is also the trowel,
which it resembles in shape, used by them
in building.   This infraction of the laws of
nations is considered among them so great
an outrage that the whole tribe of the mutilated heaver side with him, and set oil
immediately to take vengeance for it. In
this contest the victorious party, using the
rights of war, drives the vanquished from
their quarters, takes possession of them,
and places a provisional garrison, and finally establishes there a colony of young
beaver." But some Indian records go further than this, and declare that the example
of the beaver played no little part in stimulating thrift and industry among the early
red men and white men of the North American continent. In the mind of the Indian
the heaver was a far more remarkable being
than anything that the human race had yet
evolved. His beaver encampment waa more
wondrous than the lordly halls of the ancient Aztec race.
> hand
west provinces to see if perchance he might
still find living evidence of " the mammoth,
the great elk of the antediluvians, ami the
giant beaver." But Mr. Martin, who has
evidently given the subject careful study,
is probably right when lie says that the
accumulated experience of fur traders and
explorers in the far north have exhausted
the barest possibility of the existence in
the Ilesh of the great beaver. To this day,
however, the Indian clings to his beaver
legends, and it is not without sad regret
that he sees gradual extinction creeping
over this���to him���sacred animal, It can
only be a few years before the last beaver
has been killed on the North American continent. Even the reserves which the Hudson's Bay Company has attempted to establish in the Hudson's Bay region must be
worked over before long, and the efforts of
the Marquis of Bute on lii3 Scotch estate
show that it is hopeless to attempt to perpetuate the species apart from its natural
surroundings. Creed indeed has proved too
much for the thrifty beaver, as it has proved
too much for so many other good things in
this world.
of ancient or modern times, says the London
News. A young and pretty widow marries
a second time, and her husband is a wealthy
landowner, still younger than herself. They
quarrel, and she determines to get rid of
him, She incites one of her men servants
to murder him while lie lies asleep, promising to reward him with her hand when he
ha3 made her a widow for the second time.
The deed is done at midnight, and for the
last touch of horror the woman lights the
murderer to her husband's room, and holds
lho light during the butchery.
The other servants come into the scheme
of crime iu a subordinate capacity. One, a
man, is posted in Hie diningrooni as a sort
of reserve, while the miirderers-in-chief
The other, a maid, had to wash up thc
room after the victim has been hacked to
pieces with an axe. The poor creature is
not much more than an unwilling accessory
after the fact. She retains her reason just
long enough to give particulars of the crime
at the preliminary inquiry, and then becomes hopelejsly, insane. The details surpass " Macbeth" in horror and are barely
paralleled by the " Agamemnon." The
wife used the stronger brute for the blow,
but hers was the master mind from first to
last, She received her husband ou his return, sent him to bed, and contrived an
excuse for sitting up, watched until he was
fast asleep, and primed the murderer with
drink before she led him iuto the room.
The first
and it only roused the unhappy creature
to a kuowledge of his fate. He made a
piteous appeal for mercy for the sake of
the children, and for one moment that
aeems to have shaken her iron nerve. She
fiercely told her future bridegroom to let
him speak no more, and thereafter it simply rained blows, while she still held the
light. The last operation was to throw the
body into a neighboring alley, as though
| the man had been robbed and murdered on
his way home. But that was as stupid as
the murder was brutal. It was only surpassed in ineptitude by her next suggestion
that the deed had been done by an over-
obliging neighbor, who sympathized with
her domestic sorrows.
lives 1.0*1 ami Many Hundred Thoiuanil.
��r Dollnra' Worth of Properly Destroy
ed   lion ml  I'lllaburj. l'a.
" Not a liitie.J brain nor an idli
Was there in all that town ;
Bul strong defences the people planned,
And hewed the great tree- down."
All this exaggeration is easy to explain.
To the Indian the beaver waa both food
and clothing, and given an ample supply of
these rodents he needed nothing more. ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Hence the beaver became invested with a j ^ Pittsburg special says i���At
degree of admiration and superstition such j 0'dock this afternoon Pittsburgh and vi-
as has centred round very few other om-ty waj viaited by the most violent hail-
animals. Beyond all doubt the beaver has storm ever known'here. The effect was
played a wonderful part in the history of, mMt disastrous, both to life and prooerty.
North America. Dr. Romanes places him I HeaVy black clouds suddenly obscured the
higher than any other animal, not even light of the sun, while the air became op-
excepting Sir Johu Lubbook'a ants and preSsively hot. Following a terrific electric
bees, aud declares that instinct has risen; ^1, came the crash and roar of thunder,
shaking  the very earth.   Before man or
in the heaver to a higher level of far-reaching adaptiou to environment than among
any other members of the animal world.
They engage, he tells us, in vast architectural labors with what appears to be the
deliberate purpose of securing by such very
artificial means the special benefits that
arise from their
beast could seek a cover the deluge of ice
came in all its intensity, and for five minutes there was a war of the elements most
terrifying. Telephones and telegraph wires
were prostrated in every direction ; e'ectric
and cable cars were stopped by bioken wires
| or debris choking the conduits, and for a J are six" seoretaries at ��1200, six assistant
j time traffic was suspended.   In the east end : secretaries   At   from   ��800  to  ��100(1  a
j of Pittsburg and upper wards of Allegheny 1 vear, a special assistant and visitor to the
and he rinds it ditfioult to infer that these City nearly every window glass on the south!'  " ���
lull-mil a.; ll.-iii i mi   llusinn-   tirj.it.  In
It is estimated that the colored people of
Virginia pay taxes on property valued at
The amount of Dominion currency in ctr-
culation on May 1st was $18,414,000, which
is $325,000 mure than in March, and $700,-
OliO less than in February.
Labrador, a oountry which wi always
associate with Arctic snowdrifts, icebergs,
etc., has 1100 species of flowering plants, 59
ferns and over _'.*il) species of mosses and
Montreal is to have a fruit exchange, the
firs' of thc kind in Canada. Hereafter all
western dealers will have to purchase
through this body, and all sales will be by
public auction.
It is estimated that, 150,000,000 feet of
lumber are jammed in various streams in
Northwestern Wisconsin. Ice is still among
the logs, and driving three weeks late on
account of the co'd spring.
It ia said that a canal'JI feet deep, connecting lakes Erie and St. Clair, can be
constructed for $4,000,000 ; and the Toronto News considers not only that the carrying out of this enterprise would shorten the
distance between Port Arthur aud the seaboard, place the best waterway, Lake
Superior and the Wellaud Canal, wholly
within Canadian territory aud uulify the
importance of the ownershiDof the channel
in St. Clair flats, but also that the Dominion
Government would be justified in spending
more than the sum named to complete the
canal a3 a national work.
The formally published prospectus of tlie
United States Leather Company, kuown as
the leather trust, reveals a project of mammoth proportions. The Boston Transcript,
in referring to it,says: "When tht capitalization is complete there will be $60,000,-
000 eight per cent, cumulative preferred
stock, and $80,000,000 of common stock,
besides an authorized issue of debentures to
the amount of $I0,000,000,'of which $6,000,-
000 are now offered for subscription. Here
are certainly millions enough first and last
to impress the imagination and to test the
power of the market to absorb more 'industrials,'"
One of the most interesting features of
the World's Fair auxiliary series of
congresses will be the world's congress of bankers and financiers, which ia to
beheld at Chicago from the 19th to '.'5th
June. Outside the United States and
Canada nearly all the European countries,
as well as China and Japan, will be represented. All matters relating to banking
aud clearings will be discussed at length
with a view fo a better understanding of all
that is best in the different systems, and a
closer union among clearing houses iu particular. The keenest interest will be taken
in the proceedings by financiers and
commercial men throughout the civilized
The wholesale merchants of New Vork
have formulated a novel scheme, which is
expected to revolutionize aome of the present methods of doing buainess. The projectors say their plans will result not only
in au immense gain to the retail dealers,
but will also re-establish the entire system
of commercial credits on a different and
it was i substantial basis. The wholesalers who
not till the next morning that the body of j are already in the movement have affected
the female panther was found in tho den ! a temporary organization and have named
with a bullet in the brain. It waa a moat j it the New Vork Merchants' Disoount Com
providential accident, as the panther whose pany. Two hundred of the leading whole
presence was unknown and unsuspected sale merchants of the city met on the 113th
would in all probability have charged the | inst. at the Metropolitan Hotel for the pur
party while taking away the male panther , pose of discusaing the scheme. A pet-man-
whioh had been ahot.-[" Times of India."  I ent oiganization will be made, and a com
pany under the name already given will be
organized with a capital o! $500,000. The
preaeut prevailing method employed by
manulacturers und wholesalers is to formu-
An Indtan Hunting Story.
A very strange incident is reported from
the Godra districts in the Panch Mahals. A
large panther had for some time been caua-
ing much injury to the cattle of the district,
and the superintendent ot Police, Mr. J. V,
Cooke, wen; out in pursuit. He succeeded
in getting a shot at the animal and bowled
him over, the bullet going right through the
panther's heart without touching a bone.
The panther fell close to a hole or den within which, unsuspected by the party, a female
panther lay ensconced. The bullet after
passing thro agh the body of the male pant her
struck the second animal in the forehead and
entered her brain, killing her at once. The
whole episode ofthe proximity and accidental death of the second panther was unknown to the shooting party, and
How the Money (roas-
The caustic criticisms which Sir Griffith
Evans has been making on the lavish scale ! J"*"
 i.i.i. ui.. r_'ji. u��.. ..a.un.i . [late
actions are due to anything elae than au
intelligent appreciation either of the benefits that arise from the labor or of hydrostatic principles upon which this labor is so
clearly based.
But the natural wonders of the beaver
were not enough for the Indian, and hence
we find this rodent playing a large part in
the traditinu, and even religion, of the
Aborigines. Among many Indian tribes the
story of the deluge is closely interwoven
with the beaver. Thus the Blaokfeet and
the Mictnacs aud other tribes assign to it
upon which the India Office establishment j \*w and P"*}jfh ** !iat ��f Fi�� more or less
is kept up seems to have awakened some I ����"" of th.e P.doM * wi".ch 4 e,v ,wl11
.   ' . ���'   ,    ,.            u   ���   .       l .l   , 8e   their goods  or spot cash, suhiect
interest in the Empire.   He instanced the  .,      ,    ?,.        .   r     ,   .'.       '
n            i        ii   !,....������ .    . u       ,u���     the sale of discounts or reductions to meet
Correspondence Department, where there  .,     ,.,.,.     ... , , ,,,,
 ..." :.. .. i-Kiiua .-. :..._. I the abilities of those who purchase.    The
New Vork Merchants' Discount Company
proposes to advance cash to the weak re-
Indian Museum at ��800 a year, who has the  uiler3 aud th.��obJr Put them ��" a P��' wil1'
a never-failing cry, a
900 lights of glass were broken. Enter
tainmeitfa were in progress at all the
theatres. At the opera and Bijou theatre serious panics were narrowly averted
and several women fainted Irom fright.
The stinging pellets of the hail caused a
number of serious accidents by frightening
horses, that broke away from their drivers,
eritab'e  thorn in the side  of
six  *'reduntant" senior*clerks, while thej every spring and fall.   They retard busi-
juniors and their assistants swell the total j ne's and they are a menace to our prosper!
the place given to the dove in lhe Biblical j jonn Downey, the driver of one team, was
narrative. Under the great Spirit, they dragged several squares and fatally injured,
say, there was a aecondary creator, aud on j Miclnol Dunn, aged fourteen, was almost
the vast extent of waters which had been I electrocuted by stepping on an electric
formed hy the Great Spirit, this secondary . ligHt wire. The funeral of Joseph Craig
was sitting on a log or canoe accompanied WM proceeding along Stockton avenue,
by a wo nan. The two were surrounded on i Allegheny, when the storm broke. In an
every hand hy animala, and a discussion j ';i3'alu there was terrible confusion. Some
having arisen as to the matter which must; 0f t|ie team, ran awaVl crashing into the
undetlie the water, four animals were carriages preceding them. The hearse waa
sent on a mission of investigation.   Three badly damaged.   It  is reported that the
side ot the buildings was shattered, while  assistance of a clerk at ��400 a year, and a [ e���'-'' c')mP*!tlt01''
all over both the cities, skylights, green-1 apeoialtechnicalassistantat��350perannum. I    "Bad roads"
houses,  private and park conservatories | There are eleven senior general clerks and
were shattered and foliage ruined.   In the 	
Phipps conservatory in Schenectady park
 ���     '   ' '    '        " tofortynine. Then thereare the allowances. I ty.   We never know when we are'to be at
Three clerks are specially paid for editing' '"eir meroy; and yet no universal and na-
the Indian list, and another for preparing ' tioi'al attempt ia being made to treat high-
the Sanitary Blue Book. The lower branch-1 way engineering on a scientific basis any
ea are made up on a similarly liberal scale, | more than we try to arreat the blighting
for there are no less than tweuty-eighthousc-] frost in the Northwest. Nationally we
maids, and the messengers get extra pay
for posting letters and attendiug on the
Secretary of State.���[Truth.
aLnwt.ttiuiiJU's fjttoii.tifl
Mr. Conway* fcal  In Climbing Ihe  Tall
Pea!.. <>r kit.hmlr
The news of Mr. VY, M. Conway's achievements in the exploration of the vast mountain range on the borders of Kashmir will
atir the ambition of the Alpine Club and its
rivals or copyists ali over the world. Following closely upon Mr. Whymper'a remarkable contribution to the -.louiitauieer-
mg geography of the Andea, Mr. Conway's
work hringa into prominence aa a practical
i|iiestiou tlie possibility of ascending and
surveying the very highest peaks that are
known to exist. It appeals from the telegraphic account sent us by our Calcutta correspondent that Mr. Conway has met with
no insuperable difficulties, such as have
been apprehended in some quarters, from
the extreme rarefaction nf the air, though
he believes he has "broken the r-*c:>rd"as
a climber having reached an attitude greater
by 1,111X1 feet or more than Schlagiutweit's
crowning ascent in Nepaul. The actual
measurements are dependent on the verification of Mi. Conway's instruments, for
which purpose he has now gone to Leh,
where a British and a Kashmir Commissioner have joint authority and where proper standard Bare kept. If, however, Mr.
Conway is not mistaken in his data, he has
attained a height considerably exceeding
23,000 feet, or between 7,000 feet, and 8,-
000 feet higher than the summit of Mount
Blanc. But thi> record-breaking adventure
Is really the smallest part of what he has
done. He has explored for the first time a
mountain raune of which the representation,
on existing maps is little more than fanciful, and in which the peculiar phenomena
associated with the word "Alpine" are exhibited on a scale so gigantic as to leave all
European experience hopelessly behind.
Mr. Conway does not seem to have sutler
ed ao much as Mr. Whymper during hn
explorations at a lower level in the Andes,
but probably the atmospheric conditions
were different. The difficulties that are
really formidable do not arise so much from
the rarefaction of the air as from the exaggeration of some ordinary incidents of
mountaineering. The mountaineer in all
countriea ia at the mercy of the weather.
liven in the Alps, close to all the appliances
of civilization, and with a large supply of
trained guides, an unexpected storm, or
even a sudden fall or rise of temperature,
may turn quite au easy expedition into a
very dangerous oue. In the mountains on
the northern frontier of India these dangers
are increaaed not only by the actual height
of the aacents and the length of time spent
upon the ice and snow, but hy the complete
absence of local guides and trustworthy
maps and the inaccessibility of supplies.
The Alpine climber is rarely out of reach
for twenty-four hours at a time of some
place where he can obtain food, fire and
shelter. Mr, Conway's party plunged
���among the glaciers, parting with all hold
upon civilized life foi weeka together, and
carrying with them everything that they
required tor their subsistence and preservation during that period. Any one who
has slept in a hut in the Alps can imagine what it must have been to camp
20,111)0 feet above the sea level. To
establish and victual one such camp
involved an expenditure of four days
days before Mr. Conway could venture to
move on, just as he was goiug to make hia
final effort to reach the Golden Throne. Bad
weather came on upon the 27th of August,
precisely two months after the start from
Nagar, but, even if this had not beeu the
case, the exhaustion of the provisions would
have compelled the party to descend. On
one occasion, during a snowstorm, Mr. Conway was obliged to pause while the coolies
were sent back���uo doubt, to a very great
distance���to collect firewood. It ia satisfactory that iu spite of these formidable
difficulties, Mr. Conway has been able to
make such good use of the eight or nine
weeka that wen- available for exploration.
There ia nothing in his experience so far ;s)
we can see, lo discourage the hope that the
Hindu Kuah and Himaylayas will be forced
to surrender their uttermost secreta to the
enterprise of mountaineers. It is curious
to reflect that barely two generationa ago
the Alps, now "the playground of Europe"
were universally regarded as hardly leaa
mysterious and dangerous than the unknown
regions into the heart of which Mr. Conway
has so late'y peuelrated.
of them failed, but the  fourth, the musk'
rat or beaver, returned with some mud in
Ills forepaw.   Thia the woman scraped off
and began to work round in her hand, wheu
it rapidly grew,  and being placed in the
water so increaaed in ai/e  thatthe earth
was again raised above  the  water.   The
legend of the Ottawas, as related by Dr.
McLean, leaves the woman entirely out of
tho question, and represents thu muskrat
as returning to the surface apparently de id.
The denug! d took up the dead animal, am'
finding;, lump of clay on one of its sliotil-��� 8truotion t\mg it8 Wft���
'ers pressed it between hia hands untiUt; many surrounding towns
asket was  bioken open    Many of  the
ladies  in the party fainted,   The funeral
was postponed.   Au almost identical experience befell a funeral cortege as it entered the gates of the Allegheny cemetery in
j Lawrence.   The  money loaa will be very
! great, various estimates placing the damage
j above half a million dollars,   Ou Neville
island,  in the Ohio river, the damage to
j garden and farm products is estimated at
over $100,000.   The -tom came from the
j north  and passed westward, carrying de-
' espak'iies from
Confession of 3000 Murders-
. . ,  ..._- ..11 ot the ruin
beoame thin, and then laid it gently on the : wr0���eilti   Al Mariett��, Ohio, a number of
sui face of the water.   In a few days it buildings were destroyed.   Great destruc-
became a large island, and grew until the ��������� 19 reported iu the Belmont.Eurekaand
earth assumed its present dimensions,        | Sjjterville oil field-
Mr. Warburton Pike, moreover, who spent |	
the autumn ill 1890 in the Barren Crounda
of Northern  Canada,  was told the story       ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
of the deluge aa held by the Velio* Knife|    According to a telegram  from Calcutta
the Khan of Khelat has admitted to the
Governor-General's agent that he had killed
1)000 n en and women since his accession .'III
yens ago. He appeal." to have behaved
fairly well during the life of Sir. B. Sanile-
mm, but he has killed 50 persona since that
officer's death.
Indiana in the far northern regions of the
Dominion. The Vellow Knives told us that
the deluge was due to
.\ lll-AM KAI.I.Oi -.sow,
and when spring should have come, the
snow instead of melting away grew deeper
and deeper. Al last the animala on the
earl li divided III grand council lo send I deputation to heaven tn enquire into the uue
of these strange events t and the heave:
look no small share iu this important mia
siuii. Unfortunately the deputation became
rather unruly when it roaohed the heavenly
spheres, and the animals, birds, and   fi ill
actually throw duwn the suu,  moon,
The Lunatic Oil Spring llowi in Wheeler
Canyon. Cal. It begun to give oil when
the uew moon appears; as the moon
increases, the supply becomes greater' and
the yield is three barrels a day when the
moon is full. The flow ceases when the
moon is at its las' iiiartcr.
Distress in Russia
In the provinces of Saratoff, Liinbersk
Samara, and Voronash, tht distress result-,     -   --,  ���   ���  --	
iug from lhe bad harvests of the last two 31lrel>' now re��lize3 t|-e  money va1
O ... ���.. . .......1 .........       T. :.. .I.-....-.]   .1.-.   :.
fold our hands and deplore the existence of
both, but are alow in realizing that the roads
at least could be brought under subjection,
and it would pay. There is not a paper or
journal of any importance in the land that
has not had a slap at "statute labor." It
would not be far amisa to call it "atatue"
I labor.    Every farmer aod  business man
ue   of
years ia still very great, The rural popu
lation can hardly find means ot subsistence,
and in some parts is decimated by the
mortality arising from privation ami sickness. Many of the landowners experience
aa much difficulty as the peasants in pursuing farming operations, being unable to
commence the .spring sowings, as they lack
the necessary cattle, and have not even a
sufficient supply of seed. In the villagea a
cartload ol straw, which can usually be
bought for 50 copecks, now fetches three
roubles, There ia great mortality among
cattle and hoisea, especially in the Don
Aa African Prtnoe Put to Death-
The Royal Mail steamer Angola, which
good roads. It is estimated that it costs
the ordinary farmer more to carry two
bushels of wheat than it does the ordinary
railroad to carry a ton. Consequently lo the
weat of Lake Huron it rarely paya to grow
wheat more than twenty miles from rail or
water transportation. Having been convinced of the enormous odds against him in
his competition with the rest of the world,
the farmer ie helpless to equalize the con-
ditiona, so far us reaching a market ia concerned, (lood roads require something
more than the labor of farmers measured
out in the spring payment of a petty poll
tax. It is not mure work that is needed so
much as better plans - -scientific methods of
construction, As the elevators in our high
buildings are loum
to pay and a distinct
ivantageover the old aiow climbing ays-
Liverpool Irom West j 'enli SO would good roads, though perchance
 at first expensive, be of in'aloulabh'benefit,
profit and .aliafaction.
has just arrived at
Africa, brings news of the death under
shocking conditions, of Prince Konu, of
Kotonou. When the French were operating against the King of Dahomey they arrested Prince Konu, and delivered him over
to King Tofa, of Port Novo, who cast him
into prison. The report just received is to
the effect that the unfortunate Prince was
put to death by atrangulation. Thia happened about the end of February, since
which time lhe tragic affair baa been a
aecret. It is further reported that the body
ot the Prince was wrapped in a white cloth
and placed on a pedestal in the Fetiah or
Ju .lu House. Prince Konu, it is said, was
loud in his protests against the country becoming French, and on that account was
subjected to all sorts pf indignities before
being murdered. Tin'poor Prince was also tortured in a shocking manner before
death ended hia sufferings.
Mrs. Nauoy Cosby, of Geneva, Oa., whose
age is 8*i, is the mother of 11 living children. She haa 05 grandchildren, and 171
great-grandchildren, and Is great-greatgrandchildren.
he origin of "a feather in his cap" ia
thus explained : In Hungary, in l.V.hl, it
waa decreed that only ho who had killed a
Turk should wear a feather, and he was
permitted to add a fresh feather to his cap
for each Turk whom he had slain.
Laughing gas was taken by Mrs. Elizabeth Lipp, of Buffalo, N'. V., who waa about
to huvo four leolh extracted. After three
teeth had heen removed the pallor of the
woman alarmed her husband, and it was
discovered that she was dead.
Educated in Quebec.
The politeness of the French Canadian
is proverbial. The children are well behaved, although their demure manners and
tbe absence of robust romping and vigorous
games make tbem unattractive tn Anglo
Saxona, The French-Canadian boy ia
brought up like the boy in the old home on
the other side of the water. Hedoes not receive the physical cultivation that is carefully bestowed upon the English or American boy. Occasionally, especially in Quebec, where the great Laval L'niversity is
situated, you will meet a procession of lean
and white faced youths, clad in long frock
coats, girdled with green or blue aashes,
and wearing old-fashioned caps. They
walk demurely and slowly, two and two,
and behind them walk long-cassocked
priests. The boys of the university or
school are taking their exercise. It ia for
all the warld like a young woman's aemi
nary in thia oountry, with the exception
that tiie American young woman walka
with a brisker step than the French-Canadian university student, and one would not
be surprised to discover, if the test were
possible, that au issue at base-ball or the
oar between Laval and Vaspar would be
doubtful, It is almost inevitable that one
should aaaociate with so much physical inactivity the over-cultivation of certain subtle qualities of the mind that tend towards
astuteness and cunning rather than frank-
ne** md courage. When we further consider the character of the education given
to the Canadian youth���which is rhetorical,
ornamental literary, theological, and from
which all but the most elementary branches
of science are excluded���one is not surprised
to find that the educated French Canadian
who dues not enter the priesthood is most
likely to be come a lawyer and a politician.
The art of oratory ia carefully cultivated
among them, and by common consent it is
admitted that the leading orators of the
two political parties in the Dominion are
French Canadians���MM. Laurier, of the
Liberals, am*. Chapleau, of the Conservatives.��� ��� Henry Loomis Nelson, in Harper's
Bogus maple syrup is made by flavoring
common brown sugar with an extract of
hickory bark. Vast quantities of it are
sold. &
��� 'I
Tlie above town site is now on the market, and lots are bein^
rapidly bought up by local parties.   It is situated at the north end of
Trout Lake, in the famous
which is going to be one of the RICHEST MINING REGIONS ia
America. NUMEROUS RICH CLAIMS have been found close to this
town site, which will make it the DISTRIBUTING POINT for an
IMMENSE TRACT OF COUNTRY.   It is the only level land at the
north end of the lake. The owners intend to expend money on streets
and other improvements in the Spring. The trail from Lardeau City,
on Arrow Lake, to Kootenay Lake, runs through the town site. For
ihe NEXT THIRTY DAYS corners will be sold at $150 and insidos
For further particulars apply to
at the Head Office, Nelson, B.C., or
Local Agent,


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items