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The Kootenay Star Jun 24, 1893

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No. 2.
Mr. J. F. Ahlin, while working in
Coursier's warehouse yesterday, was
unfortunate enough to step on two
long nails pointing upwards, wbioh
penetrated through the loather and a
considerable depth iu the sole of his
foot.   He will lay up for a few days.
The pnblio examination of Revel-
stoke school was held yesterday
afternoou, ami tho rolls of honour
awarded to Ruth Valentine for proficiency, Lily Valentine for deportment, and Willie Beavo for rogn
larity. Aftor the distribution of the
reports ioe cream, oranges, cakes
and nuts were given around through
the kindness uf the trustees. Sohool
will re-assemble August 14th.
Four prisoners tried at tho Nelson
and Kaslo assizes were brought up on
Wednesday's bout in charge of two
police officers. Dick Hughes, for
blowing himself and child up with a
stick of dynamite at Kaslo, was adjudged to be insane and will be oon-
fiued in New Westminster asylum.
��. ��. Coy, for indecent assault at
Kuslo, will speud twelve months in
Kamloops jail. Daily, for embezzlement, goes to New Westminster jail
for two years, while Jack Beaudoin,
for assault, will be tried at the next
Kamloops assizes. The whole party
went west by the 21.30 train.
Do the flies bother you?
Of course they do.
You can get "Tanglefoot" Fly
Pnper at the Pharmacy guaranteed to
put an end to the fly nuisance.
We bave just opened a new stock of
which must be sold rapidly and at
reasonable rates.
Revelstoke Pharmacv
A COUNTY COURT will be held
at Revelstoke on Monday, the 17th
day of July, 1893.
Revelstoke, June 19th, 1893.
Notice is hereby given, that the
following additional Mining Recording Division in the West Kootenay
Electoral District has been established, namely :���
8. Lardeau ��� Daniel A. Lamey,
Reoorder���to comprise all the land
on the Lwdo River, commenoing at a
point eight miles from where the said
river leaves Trout Lake, and on all
streams flowing into such portion of
the Lardo River, and on all the
streams and rivers flowing into Trout
Lake, and iuto the Columbia River,
Upper Arrow Lake, between Alcololex
River and Hnlf-wuy Creek, excepting
the lands on Fish Creek lying north
of Battle Creek, and on the stroams
flowing into the said Fish Creek above
Battle Creek.
Notice is aliw given that tbe limits
of the Revelstoke nud Illecillewaet
Miuing Recording Divisious, us defined ou the 9th day of December,
1891, and tho 4th day of August,
1892, respectively, are altered by excluding those portions of the divisions
now contained within the aforesaid
Lardeau Division.
Deputy Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office, 30th
May, 1893.
The Bau is supplied with the
Best brands of wines.liquors
and cigars.
The accommodations of tho Hotel nre
of the best,
First-olass Tuble, (rood Bods,
Sam Bickerton has retired from the
presidency of the recently formed temperance association.
Dick Fraser is slinging type and otherwise making himself generally useful in
the Reporter office at Lardo.
At the adjourned meeting of the Licensing Board on Thursday Mr. Malcolm
Beaton obtained a license for his hotel
at Thomson's Landing.
Next Saturday is Dominion Day. As
the excursion to Naknsp is postponed
it wonld be well to get up something for
the day's amusement in town.
Tbe Rev. F. Yolland will oondnot
Church of England services in the
schoolroom to-morrow. Morning at 11;
evening at 7.30, Holy Communion at
morning service.
Mr. F. G. Christie spent several days
in town this week. He has resigned his
position as secretary of the C. k K. N.
Co,, and intends taking a short holiday,
going to Spokane, and probably to the
World's Fair.
Mr, A. F. MoKinnon left here for
Illecillewaet on Thursday morning to
put in a summer's work on bis mine���
the famous Maple Leaf���where he has
several men employed, More will be
heard of tbis mine shortly.
The oontraot for clearing tbe right of
way for the Revelstoke & Arrow Lake
Railway has been awarded to Mr. J. J.
Nickson, who will commenoe work at
once. We understand Messrs. Genelle
Bros, snd Mr. Whitehead were among
those who tendered.
The Rev. C. A. Proonnier, successor
to Rev. 0. Ladner as minister of the
Methodist Churoh here, arrived from
Edmonton on Thursday, and will oon��
duot services to-morrow at 10.30 a.m.
and 7.30 p.m. Mr. Proonnier has taken
the house vaoated by Mr. Ladner.
J. P. Sutherland arrived home again
on Monday after two months of adventure in the lower oountry. Johnny was
thoroughly happy Monday night as he
headed the brass band which dispensed
sweet music to sn admiring crowd on
Front Street. He left on Tuesday night
for New Westminster.
Tbe Revelstoke Hotel Oo. seems to
bave taken exception to an artiole published in the Stab two weeks ago. Tbe
company must have misinterpreted the
artiole altogether. We merely asked if
the company bad made sny effort to
carry out their promise of building a
three-storey hotel.
Several people intended going down
to Lardean yesterday to attend tbe open
ing of Mr. Wrede's hotel, Tbe Lytton
arrived up early, and it was thought
sbe would take passeogers to Lardeau
and return in time to leave tbe wharf at
hea usual hour this morning. Great was
tbe disappointment wheu it was found
the boat was not to run.
Mr. Jno. Thompson, road surveyor for
Revelstoke Division, was in town yesterday. He is making a trail to the groups
of mines near the head of Lardeau Creek
and another to tbe mines st the north
end of Trout Lake. Mr. Thompson
thinks the wagon road will be built, as
it is really neoessary to tbe opening up
of the rich Lardeau miues.
Sam Underhill eame up from the Lardeau on Monday witb a fine collection
of furs, the results from his traps during
the winter. The skins included 10 black
bears, 10 mountain goats, two wolves,
one grizzly, one otter (very large), and
72 marten. One of the wolf skins was a
beauty, and was furnished by the wolf
that killed Mr. Underbill's dog. Morgan
David will have the skin mounted.
A most enjoyable dance waB held in
Peterson's Hall on Tuesduy evening.
Although quite an impromptu affair, it
was one of the most pleasant social events
ever held in the towu, and great credit
is due to the ladies wbo got it up -Mrs.
Clark, Miss A. Brown and Miss Corrie.
Mnsio was supplied by .ilessrs. Brown,
Francis and Mackenzie, Refreshments
were handed around at 11.30, and the
party broke up shoitly before 2 a.m.
Mr. Geo. Laforme and Miss Matilda
Stone, daughter of Mr. John Stone, of
the Stockholm Houbo, left for Kamloops
last Friday night, where they were married next day and returned here Monday
morning. They were given a most enthusiastic serenade ou Monday night.
A brass band, a bonfire, and the usual
concomitants of a Revelstoke " chivari"
made Front Street lively for a oouple of
hours. George "set 'em np" for tne
Two of the most popular "knights of
the grip "���Messrs. Fred. Chilcott and
M. MnDonald���have visited Revelstoke
twioe recently. It is whispered that
their fondness for the pansies in onr
gardens is tho chief cause of their lay
over here whenever they get the opportunity. Wheu Cbilcott's parting hour
arrived his eyes bore a faraway, "Goodbye, my love" look, and while riding to
the station be could not refrain from
humming "Only a pansy blossom."
It is not very often that a oircus comes
to the mountains, but when oue does
happen this way it is sure of a good
house, Washburn's big show, consisting of a 3-riug circus and Royal English
menagerie will exhibit iu Revelstoke on
Wednesday next. Tbe baby elephant
"Cupid" is ths smallest iu the world snd
"Ajus," the w��r elephant, the largest,
'the street parade ut 10 a.m. iB a grand
spiot'ii'le, mnl itltniols great crowilsull
along the route Doom upon nt 1 und 7
p.m.   Children admitted at half price.
Mr. N. N. Cole, representing Cole,
Emory k Co,, merchant tailors, Winnipeg, was in town tbis week on business,
which he reports as being brisk. He
left on str, Columbia Thursday morning
for Nelson and Kaslo.'
Mr. J, W. Thomson, of Thomson's
Landing, came up on Monday's boat.
He says there is a continual stream of
prospectors passing throngh for Trout
Lake, and hotel room at the landing ie
taxed to its utmost, many being obliged
to ocoupy tents. Messrs. Thomson and
Beaton will bave their property surveyed
and lots platted early next month, and
another new townsito will be placod on
the market. The name of Milton has
been suggested for the new town, but
an Indian name would be preferable.
Down With High Prices For
Electric Belts.
$1.55, $2.65, $3.70 ; former prices $5, $7.
$10. Qualty remains the same���16 different styles* dry battery and acid belts
���mild or strong current. Less than half
the price of any other company and more
home testimonials than all the rest together. Full list free. Mention this
gaper. W. T. 8AER & CO. Windsor. Out.
Afternoon and Night.
Leon W. Washburn's
Messrs. Losee and Douglas left here
for Big Bend with a packhorse on Tuesday, snd will give that gold district a
close overhauling this summer. Gus
Lund left for McCullogh Creek on Wednesday, and on Thnrdsy Geo. Laforme
started with a well-laden paoktrain. He
was accompanied by several old-timers,
among them being Andy Hnnker, John
Sweeny, Wm. Vallanoe snd John Maloney. Others are preparing to follow,
snd it is probable that by the end of next
month there will be 100 prospectors ex��
ploring Big Bend.
Three accidents, none of s very serious
nature, have occurred tbis week. John
Duncan, employed with the bridge gang
at Albert Canyon, out his foot severely
with an axe. He is now at the Columbia
House, progressing favorably under the
care of Dr. MoLean. George Spinks,
while cutting wood for bis camp fire at
Evsnsport, Lardean, met with s similar
misfortune, aid is laid np for repairs at
the Stockholm House. A Belgian employed at the mill fell from the upper
floor and reoeived some nasty cuts in the
face and bruises on the arms, but his
injuries were not serious enongh for the
attendance of a doctor.
Mr. O. H. Allen, Revelstoke Brewery,
returned on Wednesday's boat from
Nelson and Kaslo, where be has secured
several large orders. From conversations with mining men and prospeotors
on the boats and at the hotels be found
that the majority bad a firm belief that
Big Bend wonld yet prove tbe greatest
attraction in the Kootenay country. The
vast crowd of prospeotors at present exploring tbe Slooan snd Lardeau were all
working northward, and it was a noticeable fact tbat the further north tbey
went tbe more plentiful they fonnd gold
in tbe mineral belt. Things in Nelson
and Kaslo are not so lively ss Mr. Allen
expected to find them,
A great stride in communication with
the Sloean mining country snd Kootenay
Lake Distriot will be accomplished by
the new Canadian Pacific Telegraph line
from Revelstoke to Nelson wbioh will
be commenced in abont two weeks time.
Two gangs of men will commence operations at Naknsp, one working np tbe
east shore of the Upper Arrow Lake and
Columbia River to Revelstoke, and the
other eastward to New Denver sod Kaslo
and thence down tbe west Bhore of
Kootenay Lake to Ainsworth, Balfour
and Nelson.   Tbe distance is abont 190
miles, but will be 20 miles longer if tbe
poles are taken around the head of tbe
Northeast Arm in preference to a cable
aoross the mile and half of water at the
mouth of the arm.  Tbe line is expected
to be in operation before snow flies, and
tbe rate for messages from Kootenay
Lake to the ooast will bo 76a., local 25o.
Wbile returning from meeting the
west-bound train about 11 o'clock ou
Monday night the spirited pair of greys
attached to the Viotoria 'bus ran away.
The driver, Dave Cowan, had got off to
water them at the horse trough, when
they started off, one of the wheels going
over his font.   The team kept tho road
for more than a mile, but came to grief
at the foot of the toboggan hill, where
the whole outfit went over tbe embank-
mant and lay in a tangled mass at the
bottom for nearly an hour.   Tbe horses
must have kept pretty qniet, as Dave
passed  the spot without discovering
tbem.   Mr, Stewart, of tbe Lytton, was
the first to find them, and soon woke up
Geo, Terryherry, who with other help
soon had the horses free from the wreck.
One of tbem had two or three deep outs
near tbe fetlock and had lost a great
quantity of blood. The other horse and
tbe 'bus reoeived trifling injuries.   The
Columbia House team attempted the
same thing while at tbe station Tuesday
night, but were stopped on the road.
Martin, the driver, is a good sprinter,
but be wasn't "in it" just then.
Threo Ring Cirous, Royal English Menagerie, Aviary, Museum & Aquarium,
Realistic Wild West & Roman Hippodrome 	
Glittering Street Parade at 10 a.m.
Open dens of Wild Beasts, f 5,000 Steam
Piano, marvellous Steam Horse "Ajax,"
the monster War Elephant "Jupiter," the
Baby Elephant "Cnpid," 3 feet high.
Doors open at 1 and 7 p.m. Performances one hour later. Children half-price.
An Address before the Loudon
Chamber of Commerce,
mine would have cost him oulv the
$25,000 or 830,000 which be paid tbe
prospector and tbe actual cash expended
in work. He would not have paid the
developer for developing and making it
a mine, nor the promoter for transforming it from a dividend-paying mine into
a con-dividend-pay iug mining oompany.
He would have gone into that property
witb tbe minimum of risk and the maximum of profit, instead of fas be does at
present) with the maximum of risk and
tbe minimum chance uf profit. I think
you will agree with mu, gentlemen, that
this is the most rational aud businesslike way of going into mining ; yet,
though hundreds of thousands of British
money are readily invested every year,
and year after year, iu Oolosbal mining
companies which confessedly do nut
pay, it is almost au impossibility to get
five or ten thousand pounds subscribed
to embark in mining upon tbis basis in
British Columbia. There is no big
commission in it. It iB only a good
investment; therefore nobody will tako
it up, uud without somebody yon cannot-
reach the investing British public.
Whether it will alwayB remain so I cannot say, but meauwhile others are reaping tbe rioh harvest of a British oolouy,
snd in a few years British Columli will
be British only in name. Its people*
will be American, its money will be
American, its sympathies will be Amerioan, and its wealth will be flowing across
tbe boundary line into tbe pockets of the
American people.   (Applause.)
Or Swansea and Wigan,
Analytical Chemist & Assayer,
Every branch of analytical or assay
vork undertaken; honest Mid aoourate
results guaranteed,
(Continued from last week.)
" The difficulty wbioh meets us here
when we try to induce English capital
to invest in mining properties in British
Columbia is not the outcome of a disbelief in our mineral resources, but the
impossibility of prodnoing from a new
oountry properties wbioh oome within
tbe present range of the promoter's art.
That mining does not pay is the common
objection raised here tbe moment we
suggest to British capital tbe advisability
of investing some of its 2 per cent. earn��
ing surplus oash in a bona fide mining
venture (not s mining stook gamble) in
British Columbia.  Tbe assurance that
bona fide mining ventures are at tbe
present moment paying 80, 50 and 100
per oent. is of no avail.  Tbey immediately point to the English mining
oompanies lists and say something like
96 per cent, of our mining ventures do
not pay, therefore mining does not pay.
Now, tbe fact that English mining companies do not pay does not affect tbe
question whether bona fide mining ventures pay or not one iota.   When the
English investor invests in mining stock
does be go mining or gambling ?  Now,
I think tbe prosperity of the people io
tbe Amerioan mining States, who are
takiug tbeir wealth day by day ont of
the ground, is sufficient answer to the
question whether bona fide mining pays
or not.   If 96 per oent. of the mining
ventures in the Western States were
failures  would  California, Colorado,
Nevada and Montana be what tbey are
to-day ?  Most certainly not, for a very
large proportion of the mining ventures
iu tbe States are conduoted by small
syndicates and private individuals who
invest their whole capital in the veutnre,
and if anything like 96 per oent. failed
to pay it would mean nothing short of
absolute bankruptcy to tbe Western
States.   If, then, mining pays tbem,
why does it not pay the English investor?  Tbe fault must be in tbe system
upon which they either enter or conduct
tbeir enterprises and not in tbe business
itself, and I am sure tbis is so."
After exposing tbe English system of
floating a mining oompany, with the
costly accessories of promoters' and
middlemen's fees, Mr. Cannan said:
"After the purohase money is paid, and
the promoter is paid, and floating expenses, and directors' and secretaries'
fees, and offioe expenses, ko��� are deducted, the balance-sheet comes out.
There is no dividend, and mining is
pronounced a failure. But is it? Two
good profits havt been made out of tbat
mine���tbe developers and the promoters
���aud the British investor has missed
them both, Why? Simply because he
Has built or allowed a system to be built
around him wbioh prevents him going
into that property when there is a ohance
of his making something out of it.
"Suppose the British investor had
followed the American method and gone
into that mine in a common-sense,
rational, business-like manner, be would
bave bonded it from the prospector wbo
found it upou a six months' working
bond for probably $25,000 or 830,000.
He would pay 10 per cent, down on tbe
signing of the bond, aud spend the six
mouths, or as muoh of it as be saw fit,
in prospecting the property by shafts,
tunnels, eto. If the ground proved unsatisfactory he would throw it up, losing
the 10 per oent, he bad paid dowu and
whatever he had spent in work; at worst
only a small portion of bis capital would
begone. If, on tbe othor baud, he were
satisfied after working six months he
would pay the balance of 90 per oent.,
always noting on tbe advice of a compe-
tent mining engineer. Having satisfied
himself tbat be bud a property that bad
the making of a mine he wonld speud
tho necessary money in development
New Denver, Jnne 20th.
The Gold Commissioner has at last-
paid New Denver his long promised
visit, and most disappointing it proved
to be. It was hoped that at least the
road to the Three Forks would be commenced at onoe and finished at tbe expense of tbe Government, but in this
we were disappointed.
A meeting of tbe citizens was held,
at which Capt. Fitzstubbs was present,
and then we found tbat only $2,000 of
the money appropriated for West Kootenay was available for the wagon road,
though the Captain thought he could
prevail on the Government to put up
dollar for dollar subscribed by those*
interested in and around New Denver,
However, a subscription list was at once
started, to which those present liberally
contributed, and tbe road will now bo-
made as soon as tbe funds are collected.
But one opinion has bees expressed
witb regard to tbe failure of tbe Government and our member to attend to our
interests in allowing tbe greater part of
the appropriation to be applied to places
whioh bad not one half tbe claims of
New Denver. New Denver is tbe shipping point of all tbe mines in tbe Slooan
distriot, and has probably as many mines
being worked as there are good prospects in Lardo and around Trout Lake,
In addition, tbe citizens of New Denver
bought from the Government at auctioo
lots in this town for 829,000, and 82,000
is all tbe Government tninKs necessary
to expend on her wants. Further comment is superfluous,
The grading of the streets will be
effected as soon as tbe shacks are removed from the streets, and this work
has already been commenced.
Lots in tbe Bigelow addition have
been put on the market and several have
been sold in tbe course of the last few
Since my last letter the superintendent of C.P.R, telegraphs has been
here, and has given out that his company will fortnwitb put in a telegraph.
line through here to Kaslo. It is hoped
tbat it will be in operation at least ae.
far as New Denver by tbe beginning of.
Preparations are being made for putting a portion of tbe McGillivray town
site on the market, and thu llth of July
is mentioned ae a date when an auction-
of some of the lots will be held, This
isof great importance to New uenver,
as up to tbe present the amount uf land
open to purchasers bus been extremely
limited, and this has retarded tbo progress of tbe towu.
It is no exaggeration to say that there
are hundreds uf people here who want
and wonld buy lots, build and start iu
business if lots were to bo obtained; but
bb only 101 were sold at tbe Government
sale, it is obvious tbat that number is
totally inadequate to till tbe needs.
A good strike was made recently at
tbe foot of tbe lake by some prospectors,
and the ore runs as high as 900 oz. It
contains a good deal of native Bilver, and
the vein is of goud size.
A buildiug is going up for a Methodist ohuroh.
Steamer "W. HUNTER,"
G. L. Estabrooks, Master.
Until further notice wiil leave New
Denver Mondays, Wednesdays aud Saturdays at 1 p.m. for Head Ot Lake.
Tuesdays, Thursdays aud Fridays leave'
New Denver for Four Mils I'm* at 6-
a.m. Returning, lenves New Denver at
7 ii.m. for Heap of Lake.
Leaves Heaii of Lake every eveuiug
(Sunday excepted) for New Dlsvlu at
work to make a mine of it, -tad that [ 5 p.m. AGRICULTURAL
Making Butter ia Hot Waathsr-
Il is quite au art to know how to make
good butter at any time of the year, but it
is double so ia hot weather, No one need
('ope to succeed in malting really line butter
when the thermometer it registering high,
without the aid of ine, an.l with even that
held it is no easy matter. To accomplish
it, the painstaking must begin at the barn.
Tbe milk mint be drawn in a cleanly
manner, and all filth kept from it. It must
tic strained aa aoon as possible after it is
t&ksn from the cow, first through a fine
Wire gauze strainer, then through at least
four thicknesses of thin cloth. Cheese cloth
>ir Che, thin butter cloth is good for this
purpose, Cut the new cloth into suitable sized pieces, and wash ami rinse well
ereh lime after U3iug. When it begins to
look dingy throw it way and take another
now one. It does not pay to use one over a
week in hot weather. In washing these
strainer cloths cold water la best, and no
OTap should he used,either iu washing these
<*v any milk utensils. Rinse out first with
cold water, then for anything tin use cloar
water hot as the hand will bear. A final
���scalding may be given, then wipe dry and
nines in   the sun ;   but I have fouud that
those cloth strainers will keep sweet longer
in hot weather by using oul) cold water,or
that .lightly warm. Dry thoroughly before
SiUemg upon tlie tin strainer.
The strainer with a rim of tin to 3lide over
ti'.* folded cloth is the best kind to aee. If
y-.'u have heen using a gauze strainer only,
Un witter how line it may be, muoh objec-
i;.iKi��.lile matter is going into your milk.
Try a cloth strainer after it has passed
through the wire one and see if you are not
oativiuced of the truth of this. Vet many
p-wpte use only a wire strainer and not a very
liM' eae at that. After the milk has beeu
���fwopol'ly strained it should be cooled as
S'tk'kiy as possible. This is best accomplished by some one of the'many deep set-1
Stag in colli witer plans. A cabinet cream-
���*���:<.��� cf not indispensable to the making of
triw.l butter iu hot weather is at least
QfMtly ao. Only one other plan can compare j
���Jrttil it, and that ia where one's milkroom is
'!������ arranged that the milk if put in shallow,
pins ia net in running water.
After the cream has heen separated from I
A:..; milk it must be kept from becoming too j
���-Mir. Thia is sometimes rather difficult in j
(v>i, weather, and ice will have to lie used |
���."'vly to bold it in i proper condition unless I
* very cool perfectly sweet cellar is at band. (
(Stunting should be doiioaa early aa possible
Ha the morniug in order to get ii out of the
wiy before the sun gets too hot.
W* not allow the cream in the churn to
g*rt*i>ove(i2",I and 00�� is better. Draw
<���.'' th.e buttermilk and wash the butter with
wry cold water to prevent it from massing,
kenn the granules separate, using ice if
ii.wjssary to cool the water. A handful of
-���j't for each gallon of cream if put into the
etturit when the butter begins to form, will 1
assist the drawing oil' of the buttermilk, as
tbo salt causes the butter granules to rise to
tins top,
After the butter is washed until the water j
rtrns off clear, salt as desired, work only
Wuittgh to make the butter free from streaks \
���Kid pack at once.   These streaks so often
'��� - he seen in poor butter and sometimes in ]
genii" butler, are the effect of the salt being
aimii.'f.ciently worked in or because it is not:
s :*hMred even!) through the butter.  After
(tw bitter bus been packed, spread a circle
"���( (larchment paper dipped iu cold water or
'r.'.t e over the top, and cover with an inch
oi au.lt wet to make a thick paste.   This
hardens and will exclude the air.   Butter
may be kept until fall if it is in a place
"���-met it will keep hard, but aa soon aa it
bicooiea soft il will surely spoil.
rite, greatest care must be taiten to keep
; .m churn and nil other milk aul butter:
I'.wueils perfectly sweet and clean. Plenty
nf scalding water bill no ��ap should be
'-n'L Try a little soap upon any utensil
'������*������ baa hud milk in or wash them out
tk**( witb soap . ids md lee how quickly it'
'" ni-.s the water slimy.
in washing the milk things in i '.'nose for
litSter as well, always use a cloth that ia
use! for nothing else, and keep that one
{Kcfcatly aweel As aoon as it ihowa the
-i-',; trice of off odor, discard it foranol ler,
Cigstre eheap md plenty, ������ t a dairj
cmw tt leas! have a full Hipp them,
toi asthing :s better for > purp -������ th��n
giovi sew ��� eese cloth, [he bleached ia i
"������ pceferr d he n ile&i I, tn I gives
a   ������> al wl I .,    1 tat ���.
Practical Pointers-
' >r a md i are the    lau foi
paw man,   Who eaoi     ,..,��.,
k ���  - -v  .       [need than a
As at excuse I    iviog g
i men aa       ���     inn     iffo
ghbrei       i andsta      ���
i    ���.    a-   ��� i ir and
.....    ied |]      ...
w va
Suasep for muttons es    lind ipei :
wim ipon i     inns that a     ..      <.   .���
a'.'   |l    lllti    < ���������      ���
a i Und      ii. <o,
mi   islp I      i. ���    ���   ,.     .   ���    I. the
���"*j: .
���������>��� to il   hai . ii :��� hired  nan   i
i��   m. If he ia not ao a    ul    sa
i Im me   (1 iod plowing lies ��
a.'  joi i   igrfoulture,  in i   iubse*i .
tivttton   knnol make imemia  for its
ItlMil ill
pf.tgs '-.an only be grown economically
������"-"ii they are provided with good pasture
'."'.wry slioubl have this all through the lea
nn, nml It is a good plan tn mate mcceaaive
inuring of sweet corn, to be fed >' ifter the
��� ��� -r is gone.
la ill thai vou   in to iti i    ite grow
��� lie young pigs, foi then "amis made it
��� ' nal ���:ost. A light feed rd middlings,
"ial". into a slop with aweel akim milk, will
i i materially,
[Corse breeding Is always profitable, If one
Bjrnwa good roadsters, draugnthoraeo, >a h
���.. ir other special purpose animala, Bul
otwuinn nondescripts do nol pay
J.i ii generally ��� encoded that the er- ev
'rt��j more influence upon tho progeny than
" .-.am.   I.ii*. i ireful br leu give atton
,i '.f. woure the beat possible qualities in
���- li pironta, thuareducing toa minimum
. -.������ chances for failure.
������'I'm who use large numbers of horses i'i
,- rare v ,rk have a predelioliou in favoi nl
.- i ,i They olaim that thoy will do more
���i i-t-i; i.i ��� . ial longor than any other i olor
''...'. i ui who say they oannol afford to
i;<   in igrk'iiltiiru] papoi   usually  have
.  ali  ll i..( and   poorly   ciill.ival.eil fields,
There is a relation between the two facts
which cannot escape the careful observer.
There is no good reason why we cannot
have at Iea3t passable roads throughout
every agricultural section of the country,
at all seasons. This is a matter of concern
to every farmer, and they should not tire of
agitating it.
farmers who sell themselves to merchants
by buying ali supplies upon long credit are
never in position to get the best results from
their work. Often they are forced to dispose of their crops wheu the merchant wills
--not when the market suits them best.
Millet is an excellent dairy feed it cut
before it is ripe and woody, but uot other
wise, Never let it stand so that the seed
is ripened beyond the dough stage, or until
the straw has turned yellow.
In horticulture we have nothing that
gives promise of greater development within the coming years than our grape industry. Many sections of the country are
proving their special adaptation in this
The blackberry is one of the small fruits
whose cultivation is uot overdone. In fact
iu many places the market supply is always
scant.   Yet it gives as good returns for the
j same laud anil labor as strawberries, and is
I a much more certain crop.
I    Make  successive  plantings  of   garden
' crops, so that you may have freah vegetables all summer. Too many gardens are
so arranged thar, their usefulness is over
before the summer is fairly begun. These
do not pay.
Drainage is a necessity for an early garden. Wet land is cold land and cannot be
worked in early spring, nor will ;t bring
the crops forward to quick maturity, and
an early garden is what we al! want.
Cultivation and Pruning
Vegetables and small fruits depend greatly upon cultivation. Frequent stirring of
the soil during the hot, dry weather of summer not onK tends to the conservation of
its moisture, but aids in the chemical changes
effected by the air and moisture upon the
chemical compounds constituting the soil.
In the laboratory the chemist constantly
stirs his compounds to promote their decomposition, and the gardener is a laborer
in nature's great laboratory, and must pursue methods similar to those employed by
the professional chemist. In our experience
we have frequently can ied crops successfully through long and trying drouths, keeping them growing finely, by frequently
stirring the surface soil.
Then the gardener has frequent occasions
to resort to the pruning process. Many
plants require pruning to keep them in
proper form, othora to promote fruitfuluess.
The more economical way is to pinch oil
leading shoots when they are not wanted to
grow, instead ot allowing them to grow,
consuming-the moisture and plan I food, and
then cutting them off and throwing them
away. Raspberries, black caps especially,
are inclined to grow tall and slender, ao
that they will not stand upright. To make
them grow strong and stocky and branch
out. forming low heads, pinch off the leading bud when the cane is about 20 inches
hieh. If grape vines are sending out useless brandies rub them off, and pinch off
the ends of bearing branches when they
have made leaves enough to perfect the
growth of the fruit. The gardener should
learn to make free use of thumb-nail and
finger, and he wiil have less occasion to use
the pruning-knife and will save much use-
How to Make Tomatoej Yield.
A reader wishes to know how to make
tomatoes yield.   Iu the first place, plant in
a moderately rich aoil.   Do not use much
coarse stable manure, as that has a tendency to promote ton much growth of plant.
Either use well rotted manure or bone dust
111 I isb -t    II for field culture, give plenty
of tint,... throe or three and a half feet each
way, md as they grow, hill up.    Make
large, broad hills, so as to give the vines
ihan ito spread out to the sun.   The tomato ia eminently a child of the sun, and
doea    it win* to be too much shaded by
its iwn leaves    If the vines are inclined
to grow  too rankly,  pinch off  the  ends,
which  w    increase fruitfulness.    Where
il i I iw plants are grown m the garden,
l i .' aod plan to train then on rude
��� ���-   which will expose them to the
(hbralta: i*. First Sight.
fhe first aig librall u  is, I think,
liaappointing.   Il means so much, ind so
BS have been given 'or it, and So
it   great a   pi i ink ���������. its battel as, ind
/   tl .. iw warre    foi  twelve
id yeara I       < few     lei oi stone,
ick outline igain i the iky, wuh
eu w I ' lie fading
itai     i dward    md a     ad    I    i only
.   ��� ��� out,
i.. ,     ibl impare      *
���  , lane, in i you  i he
i land the m, and
ires    .   p I  it yo  under
md i whi
luchin     i      i    is faced all Km i| m
i, a�� they iaj        loi      i   ha
I m in      whicl ei..: in I holds tha
An I  i while ���. it feel I iia, and
I Illy [oil iwing i a oo irae il en h
ramparl ind terrace with eyea that are tired
ii < tretohes of water, some one points
toa low 1 ne ol mounts na lying ike blue
, Ij I ire he red <ky of tl i - inriie,
dim, forbidden, md myatei iua ind you
know thai     I '���     i
Spain, lying o the I |hl, all green ind
imethyal u I I ppani and gay wil ���, ivhite
, asa id red roofs, md Gibraltari grim
show of battlements ind w.r, become lome
how of little moment, Vou feel that you
hive known them always, ind that they are
is yon fancied lliey would be. But llm
other land norms the water looks is in
jorutable, as dark, and aa silent as the
Sphinx that typifies it, and you feel that
ite PillarofHerculea itill marka thi entrance
, i ��� "unknown world." Harper's
\ leautlful behavioi ie better than i beau
tilul form ; i1 gives a higher pleaaure than
itai i ������ md picture); i1 18 the flnual o( fine
���oi v. iam Fraser haa written a volume
ol personal reojlleotlofli, which contains
ami lotos of Thackeray, Lytton, Dore, ,\t
poleon HI., Crulkshank, Reaoonsrield ami
The   Wwa.v  >>">l.ni of Taxing   Liquor
The visitor to Norway has not unfrequent-
ly occasion to admire the beauty of the road3
that climb to the summits of the loftiest
lulls. They are iu no hurry to finish their
journey, for, indeed, hurry is quite out of
the question if they are to perform it with
any benefit to wayfarers. They make a
long zigzag and wind serpentwise in innumerable repetitions of the letter S to the
mountain tops. The distance as the crow
flies may be two or three miles, but the
road maker thinks nothing of making a
do/en of it. The peasant reaches his hut
from a plain at a cost in engineering of
many thousands of pounds. Vet Norway is
a poor country, and the traveler who is new
to it and who Ins not yet overhauled his
guidebook is at first a little pu/zled to understand by what magic of administrative liberality the work has been done.
His wonder is not diminished when he is
told that his triumph of public spirit is all
due to the sake of drink, says the London
Daily News. The road is probably a "drink
road j" that ia to say, it has been made out
of the profits of the drink trade. It is by
no means the only one benefit derived from
the same source, The drink not only helps
to make the roads���it gives substantial
grautsiiiaid toediieation,museums,li braries
and gymnastic schools, to hospitals, homes
for the poor, orphan asylums, aud many
other institutions of the same kind, It even,
in lofty disregard of the precept against
seethiugthe kid inilsmother'smilk, contributes to the support of the total abstinence
All these benefits are said to be due to
the fact that Norway has imported the
Gothenburg system from lSweden,the sister
couutry of its origin. The (Jothenburg
system, as everybody knows, is an attempt
to reduce the drink traffic by limiting tlie
profits of those engaged in it, and consequently reducing their temptation to promote the consumption. Associations or
companies sanctioned by law obtain a total
or a partial monopoly of the supply of drink
in particular districta, and all the money
they make over 5 per cent., which is regarded as the legitimate interest, is turned over
to the State.
The Minister's Visit ���
What an event the minister's visit is at
the farm house I As a rule the good man
has been expected for such a long time that
they have given up looking for him, and
his coming is a thorough surprise ; but his
old horse which is known hy everyone in
the congregation, is sure to be noticed
by one of the children as soon aa it comes
in sight, ami warning is immediately given
at the house. Then what a bustling about
there is in all the rooms. Chairs are put
in their proper places, window-blinds are
tucked up so as to make the parlor look
light and airy, the dinner dishes are examined to make sure that they are in condition
to be used, the best spoons are taken out
of the drawer wnere they have been packed
away for such speoial occasions as this,
and if family worship is not a matter of
daily occurrence, the big morocco-covered
bible is carefully dusted. By the time he
has handed over his horse lo the boy who
ran to open the gate for him, preparations
are complete. The house-wife haa put on
a clean apron, and the baby is thoroughly
uncomfortable in a new starched bib. No
visitor is more respected or more kindly
welcomed than the minister, and for this
there are usually many good reasons. If
he has been stationed in the same locality
for a long time, he has probably performed
the marriage ceremony i'or the oouple he is
visiting, baptized their children, and if
death has ever crossed their threshold, it
was his part to apeak words of comfort and
And the meal that is immediately prepared always has many special features.
New aealers of preserves are opened and
the finest linen table-cloth, probably a
wedding present, is spread carefully ou the
table. When all the dainties are arranged
satisfactorily dinner is ready, and all take
their places. After a blessiug has been
asked, ihe h Iping begins, and the good
man hardly gets a chance to eat anything,
he is as frequently pressed to try this dish,
ami have a little more of lhe other. But
lie manages to " make out his dinner," of
what there is, aa he is time and again asked
to be sure to do. Of course he leads the
conversation, and, if he happens to be of a
jovial turn of mind, perhaps tells a couple
of amusing anecdotes. The children are
very much surprised almost shocked to see
the ininistei laugh ; but they like him alt
the better for it. It is sn tireaome always
to have to think of the minster ua a
solemn, terrible being who doea nothing
except preach dry sermons and make Sunday the longest, day of the week.
After dinner family worship is conducted,
ami then the minister goes his way to some
other house to give a similar visit and be
treated in the same way. When lie has
departed the rest of the day feels just like
Sunday, ind it seems almost sinful lo do
i'el iu li i vi ii in iy do harm if good
judgment be nol shown by tiie visitor. It
,< not nkely lo waken kindly and pious
thoughts in the mind of the fanner to have
theminiatoi call and expect to gather in
everyone (oi a oouple ol hours worship just
when the hay or wlmit is ready to be hauled in, and a storm la gathering in Ihe west.
[{very minute 's precious then, ami he is a
um- pastor who lames hia calls so as not to
Interfere wuh the rush of work. Cue ill
timed visit creates a bad nupiesiion that he
lannol ren ovs with many sermons, though
��� tie" all be full of the soundest dootrinea,
Veveriheleis it is a beautiful old custom.
Mersly Adjourned
A iii fool ipeotator with a muscular arm
rushed in between two youths who were
pommelling each othei and leparated
"If yon don't stop tlm,' In, said, holding
'imm a' arm's length and sinking them till
'heir teeth i ittlfd, "i'll blimp you together
mil break every bone in your bodies,  jVoW,
K"  '
" I'h it'a ill right,   am I the youth wiih
the bruised rye anil llllAglired I10S0, picking uii lin Inl, and slinking Ins list undls-
miyeilai the other young man, "I II meet
lm,, in i football game snme ,| iy when we
.an lighl this out  Wlthoill interruption."
I think ii n.u'1 lomewhere be written
thai Um ��irti ea of ih- mothers shall oo-
i inonaliy be visii"d on the ohildren, aa
woll as the siaa oi th > father - f K k us
The Steamer Havana Wrecks the Schooner
Silver on a Moonlight Wight.
A Halifax, N. h., special says:���Tbe
steamer Havana, en route from Newfoundland via Sydney,when nine miles off Whitehead, collided with the Schooner .1. A.
Silver of Luuenberg, bound to C'anso from
the Banks, at about 11.30 o'clock Sunday
evening. The Havana arrived here yesterday afternoon, bringing the surviving members of the schooner's crew.
Capt. Vigus of the Havaua reports that
at 11.30 o'clock, an hour after he went below, he suddenly heard the engine'Stop and
reverse full astern. He went on deck and
saw the schooner's jibboom across the
steamer's port bow, when thoy came together with a crash. The vessel commenced to fill with water, and Capt. Vigus
at once lowered his boat and the other men
took to their dories as quickly as possibls
and got on board the Havana. The steamer was kept as close as possible to the
wreck during the night, and in the morning got out a hawser and towed her to
Whitehead. It was a clear moonlight
night when the collision occurred, and each
had aeon the other's lights.
Those on the steamer say the green light
on the schooner was the moat prominent,
and that they kept to starboard and then
dropped astern of the vessel, but that the
schooner must have changed her course or
the collision would not have occurred. On
the other hand, those on the vessel say
that they were running before the wind
and saw the steamer coming toward them.
They burned "flareup'' lights and took
every precaution, and they say that those
in the steamer did not act promptly, wiih
the result that the Havana crashed into
them, cutting to the centre of the vessel.
The members of the crew who came up
in the Havana say there were but two men
on deck at the time and the others were in
the forecastle. They knew nothing until
they felt the side of the vessel crashing in.
There was a rush to escape, and with the
exception of two they got clear.
Operations will be commenced to right
the wrecked schooner, which is on ita beam
ends, and recover ii possible the bodies of
the two missing men, who are I'eorge S.
Narrs of Lunenburg and Willie Oh rouse of
Lahave. The schooner had over 200 quintals of fish. Capt, Silver and the second
mate of the steamer are in charge of the
The Puzzled Lovers-
" I have come to see you, sir, ou a delicate mission," said the young man, as he
sat down on the edge ot a chair and looked
uncomfortable, us young men sometimes
The old gentleman laid dowu his pen and
looked curious.
" What is it!" he asked.
"Well, sir, you have two beautiful daugli
ters," explained the young man.
" I have two daughters," admitted the
old gentleman.
" 1 presume that you have noticed that
I have beon frequently at your house,"
suggested the young man, diffidently.
" I have noticed it,"
" Thank you, sir. [ bave been paying
attention  to���in fact, sir, frankly,   I���I
A Fleree Conihul In SIM Air, Bird and Kep-
tile lieHi Meeting Death.
J.H. Lee came into Prescott, Arizona, a
few days ago from the American ranch,
west of Prescott, and related to the Courier
a strange story. In the mountain crags
near thai ranch several families of American eagles have for years reared their four-
less brood, and have, in the main, been un
molested, their chief prey being snakes
and other reptiles, unwelcome to man. In
the same section a species of snake, known
hereabouts as the whipsnake, is also common. These snakes are of the long, slim
variety, seldom larger than n, good-sized
walking stick, but ranging in length all the
way from four to ten feet. They arc not
considered poisonous, but, like the boa-
coustrictor species, wind around their prey
and crush it, and tlicir squeezing powers
are said to be somewhat wonderful. So
swift are these snakes that they disappear,
unharmed, when struck at v.-ith u stick,
like a shadow ol a Hying bird. A few
days ago Mr. Lee's sons were hunting
through the forest near the ran*h, when
they saw a great eagle, whicli wan
sailing in mid air, suddenly dart to the
earth, heard a llulter in the brush, a piercing scream and the bird rose above the pine
tops, an unusually long whipauake dangling
from his beak. The eagle held, the snake
just behind the head and rose rapidly ; the
snake seemed to be making ineffectual ef
forts to draw its dangling body up lo coil
around the eagle. The eagle wai, uoou in
mid air and tho snake could not he. oecn,
but it was evident that a mortal combat
was taking place, for the bird, would rise
and fall and emit occasional screams, as if in
pain, and in a few minutes was seen rapid
ly descending earthward, turning over and
over in its flight and flapping one wing vigorously, the other seeming to be hold out
stationary, But nothing could bo seen of
the snake. The bird struck tho ground
with somewhat of a thud, near the boys,
who hurried to lhe place, when they found
the eagle with a death grip ou the snake
just back of the reptile's head, while the
snake had coiled round and round its assailant's body, crushing the bird all oul ol
shape and breaking one wing entirely, Ths
boys killed and unwound the suake, while
the dogs went for the eagle aud soon killed
it, not, however, before the bird, had almost torn the nose from one of the dogs
with his beak.
have been making love to one of
" And���er���you would like to���"
The old gentleman hesitated, and the
young man eagerly went on.
" Yes, sir ; that's it exactly I I proposed
to one of them last, night, and���I���I���"
" Which one ?" interrupted the old
gentleman. " Both are eplendid girls, aud
I should hate to lose either���but which one
is it ?"
" Don't you know ?" aaked the young
man, aghast.
" Certainly not���I've aeen you with
The young man sighed, and reached for
hia hat.
" I thought you might," he said. " I've
been very attentive, und I was sometimes
in doubt myself, Boeing they're twins ; but
I got along all right until I propoaed. And
now���now���hang it all, sir! if you don't
know which one accepted me ? I don't and
I've got to begin all over again 1"
Widows May Remarry, anil the Marriage
nr In ranis Is Less fonii-ion.
The report of the last census in Bengal,
which has just been published, upsets several beliefs which hltnertoo have found gea.
eral acceptance. For instance, it proves
that the natives, instead of being averse to
leaving their ancestral villages, are steadily
moving from more densely peopled areas
to those where the population is less crowded ; alao that widow remarriage i.s practically universal in Behar, Orissa, Chota-
Haypore and among the lower castes
of Bangui proper, and is unknown
only among a very few high castes every
where and the more respectable Sudras ol
Bengal proper. The report also states that
infant marriage does not exist to any
anprcciable extent except in northeast
Behar and among the Brahmins, Kayaalha,
and other purely Sudra castes of Western
Bengal. It also shows the greal progress
of Mohammedanism, which has increased
more than II per cent, in Bengal proper in
the last decade, while the increase in Hinduism is lesa than 5 por cent. Thia fact ia
ox plained ti lie due to tho desire on the
part of the lowest castes to adopt a religion
which treats all men as equals.
"Hold the Fort, For I Am Goming."
The death of Ceneral Corse, the postmaster of Boston, Mass., would atlirstsight
appear lo have little interest for our readers,
and yet a little sentence of seven words,
written in a telegram sent by him on a
memorable occasion, has found its way to
every part of the world. Thirty years ago
General Sherman, leading the Northern
soldiers, was surprised by an overwhelming
force of Confederates, For a time It looked as if the Union Army would suffer aniii-
hilut on ; but jusl as their courage was at
lbe lowest ebb a telegram Was received from
ileiieial .!. M. Corse containing these
words "Hold tbe fort, lor I am coming,"
and Willi the timely arrival of reinforcements the tide of battle was turned, Moody
and Sankey took up this ringing phrase,
set it to a popular air, and it has since
travelled firand w de, until it haspiobably
girdled the globe,
Mrs. Mackay haa & 1) 150,000 sapphire,
A Railroad Across Newfoundland.
A St. Johns, N. F., special says :���A contract has been arranged between the Government of this country and Robert G.
Heid. a railway contractor, for the first
construction and the equipment of a new
line of railway through the couutry
to the west coast, '-'OO miles long
Reid is uow building a line to Exploits. The now road will start there
and traverse the interior, touching the
northeastern end, Grand and Deer lakes,
following the course of the Humber River,
tapping the Bay of Islands, Bay St. George
and running to Port, Aux Basques on tho
southwestern extremity of the island and
the nearest point to Capo Breton. Tho
contract price is $15,600 per mile, the line
to be completed within four years.
Reid also contracts to operate the line
for twenty years for $50,000 n year and
a grant of land ot 500,000 acres. It is the
intention when the line is completed to run
a fast steam ferry betweon its terminus
and Cape Breton, enabling daily transmission of mails, passengers, and freight.
The new line traverses the best, agricultural and mineral areas of tho country and
passes through the immense coal depoaits
lately discovered. This, it is believed, will
offset the expense incurred, whicli raises
the debt from $7,000,000 to $1.0,000,000.
A Hurricane Kiiniiiiilercil nnil a  Niimlirr
orSuHnr. Ilrowned
A Queenstown special says:���The British
ship Lord Templeton, commanded by Capt.
Hawthorn, which sailed from London for
Philadelphia with Bombay as a further destination, on April 12, arrived here to-day
after the loss of a number of lhe crow in a
hurricane. The voyago appears to have
gone well until the 1st of May, when the
vessel was in lat. 45 norlli, long. 45 west.
The hurricane broke so severely on the
vessel that 111 men were sent aloft to shorten
sail. The truss broke and the yard fell to
the deck. Eight of these who had gone
aloft were hurled into the sea and drowned;
one was killed by the fall of the yard, and
seven were severely injured. Among those
who lost their lives were the first mate and
the boatswain. The sea stove in the main
hatch, and the vessel lost sails and yards in
the storm. The ship ran before the wind
until the hurricane abated,when the survivors insisted upon the. captain making the
nearest port, and the vessel accordingly
came to I'ueenstown as fast as possible in
her crippled condition.
Several riii-inrc Miles Slip Down Into n Vill
Im, IH'slnijIns Mnny (toltixes,
A Clirlstianla special saya:���Another and
more serious land ilide has occurred at Vaer ���
dalen, Norway, just north of Trondlijom,
where a number of fauna recently were
buried under an avalanch of slime. An extent nf land five kilometres by ton in the
Levanger Valley became dialodged aud slid
down on the soil below, destroying twenty-
two homesteads and fifty cottages. A vast
area is flooded, and many persons are misB-
ing, and it is feared they have perished.
The missing include Tosaem, President
of the district, and his family. Road Inspector Rostad anil his family, and about
one hundred others. Residents of the
neighborhood arc taking to flight, in expectation that there may be a recurrence of
the calamity. The Government has nont
(00 soldiers to the locality to aBsisl in the
work of rescue and to preserve order.
 ���������-- -
Mr, Gladstone has a liking for white
flowers, and he always wears a buttonhole
of white rosebuds at those weddings which
he houors with hii presence.
Mra Rriylcy, a Philadelphia woman, invented the cooperage machine, wbieh (urns
out thousands of perfectly finished barrels
every day. She is also the inventor of a
life raft, which may be tossed Into the sea
in any way, but will always right Itself instantly and float safely, it contains
pockets, whicli the sea can not en I or, that
ere always flMed wiili water and provisions
for the use of the shipwrecked. NOT WISELY, BUT TUU WLLL
CHAPTER IL-(Continued.)
The bride's carriage ha3 scarcely disappeared round the corner when a hansom cab
dashes up, and is arrested at the awning.
A young man jumps out, pays the cabman,
and gives a startled glance at the carpeted
steps, the gaping crowd, the unwonted stir
and bustle around the house. He is not a
a wedding-guest evidently ; there is nothing very festive about his appearance,
but for all that he passes up the crimson-
carpeted steps aud iuto the hall.andthere ha3
an interview with one of the footmen, who,
having received instructions on the matter,
conducts the visitor into a small room at
the back of the house, where sits an old
woman with a snowy mutch on her head,
and a stick in her hand by which she helps
herself to rise.
" My lad, my dear young maister I she
cries, and he comes straight up and gives
her a hearty kiss and a boisterous hug.
" tlow are you, Nannie? Why, you look
just thesame as ever, I do declare 1 Not
a day older.   So you see I've come back.''
"And a braw welcome to ye, laddie,''
says the old Scotchwoman, looking up at
the tall well-built figure and handsome
face, with a world of love and pride and
admiration in her dim and loving eyes.
" Hech, sir, but it's strong and line ye look
the day, ami none the worse for all the
foreign countries where ye've stayed sae
long. Aye, and it's proud and glad I am
to see ye back. Sit ye doon, air���sit ye
doon, and tell me a' the news. My auld
heart's been just sair for word o' ye this
mony a day.'
"I will tell you about myself by-and-by,
Nannie,' the young fellow says impatiently.
"Meanwhile tell me what's going on here.
Is it a morning party, or a reception, or
3ome new-fangled social rubbish'! Where's
"Miss Lauraine is awa' at the kirk," says
the old woman gently. "Cauua ye tell
what it's a' aboot, dearie!"
"Church "���falters the young man.
Then the idea flashes across lum, his
bronzed face falls, an evil light conies into
the blue eyes under the shade of their long
lashes.   "She'snot���not married, Nannie!"
The old woman nods her head and lays
ber hand gently on his arm.
"Ay, laddie, wedded thia morn. She
bade me tell ye, with her love, that she
was happy; that she hoped to see ye,
her auld friend and playmate-and would
ye wait here till her return 1"
" Happv is she?" His voice is veiy cold
and stern. His blue eyes flash angrily.
Then a short harsh laugh escapes his lips.
" Well, I'm glad to hear It, though the
news is unexpected. Married���Lorry married ! God 1 What a fool I've been !"
He get3 up and walks over to the window and looks out, though nothing does he
sec of the objects ou which he gazes so intently.
" Married !" so run his thoughts; "and
to-day, too! Couldn't she have waited?
Couldn't she have told me*; It, is three
months since I wrote to her mother, and
not a line. Aud I���like an idiot���taking
silence for consent, and rushing back here
aa fast as steam could take me. Maniedl
Good Heaven ! I can't believe it. Lorry,
my darling little playmate, my sweetheart
���the girl who vowed to be true to me for
ever���married! Never to be mine���another man's wife ! 0 God ! What am I to
He groaned aloud at this juncture, and
the sympathizing old woman cornea to him
and her heart aches for her nursling's sorrow. "Dinna take on ao," she says; "ye
were but bairus togither; ye could na' tell
how ye're minds would agree in time to
He turns away from the window, and
walks to his seat and lliugs himself moodily
back. Il is too early to accept consolation,
but he takes refuge in hot anger. He rails
against womankind���their wiles and ways,
their treachery and fickleness, uutil poor
old Nannie is bewildered by his eloquence
and verbosity. His fury vents itself in thia
manner for the space of a good half-hour,
during which time Nannie listens and
agrees and consoles to the best of her ability
but with very poor results.
Theu there comes a stir, a bustle���the
noise of foet���the aound of voices. Nannie
sits up erect and listens.
"They're coming back," she says.
Hc turns very white again, then looks
appealing!)' at the old woman.
"I can't face them all���it'a impossible,"
he says. " But if I could see her alone-
just for five minutes. Oh, Nannie, manage
it for me!   I know you can."
" I'll e'en do my beat," ahe says, rising
and hobbling away on hor stick, her gray
silk gown rustling, her snowy, cap, with its
lavender ribbons, carried very erect on her
white head. " But ye'll nae he cross to the
bonny bairn. 1 canna have her frightened
and disturbed on sic a day.   Ye'll mind?"
"Oh yes-yea. I'll mind!' he says impatiently.   "Only send her here."
He never knowa if the time ia long or
short that he waits���waits with his heart
beating so hard and fast that he can hear il
above all those othor aouuds without.
Waits in a sort of sullen desperation, knowing that his pain will he but the fiercer,
his anger but the hotter, for the interview
he haa demanded.
Then there comes a faint rustle of silken
skirts, the door opens, there is a sweet
subtle perfume of orange-llowers and roses,
and before him stands the loveliest vision
of womanhood that his eyes had ever rested on.
One moment he looks at her, and ali his
anger melts away, and an unuttorab'e reproach speaks in his eyes, that are "bad"
blue eyea no longer, but only very sad and
vory haunting.
"Oh, Lauraine I" he says, and his arms
go out to clasp her as in the old sweet days
that are gone for ever, and sobbing wildly,
the girl falls upon his breast,
"tii.i, death no tiikm part."
A moment and ihe remembers! With
flushed cheeks and tear-wel eyes she
wrenches herself away, and looks up at the
late of her old playmate.
"Oh, Keith!" she says, "1���1 was so
glad to see you I"
The poor pitiful pretence does not blind
him. He looks at. her sternly. "Indeed!
And may 1 ask for an explanation of vour
coniliict'.' [think It la due to me. Why
have yon broken faith?"
She turns deadly pale.
"We were never really engaged," she
(stammers, "and all those years you never
j wrote, and I thought "
"Vou did not'." he savs fiercely. "Vou
| know me better than that. I am no saint,
but I am uo mawkish lover either, to fly
from one woman's feet to another, and
pour out love vows at fancy. Vou knew I
would be true, Lauraine, and you���you
have been talse."
She trembles and is silent. He looks at
her longing'i)'���thirstily, his eyes taking iu
all the beauty he so well remembers���all
the changes time has wrought. It maddens
him to gaze upon her���to think she is so
utterly lost to him. He feels there is
nothing; so cruel, so fierce, he could not say
to her at this moment, if only to inflict
upon her some of the pain, the agony that
throbs in his own heart, aud runs riot in
his own veins.
" Vou are like all your sex," he saya, in
a low deep voice of intense wrath, but a
voice that makes her quiver with the
iningleu rapture, dread, and fear of its
memories, " lruth and constancy are unknown to you. Did I need any sign or
word to keep me true 1 No. I said I
loved you, and would love you to my life's
eud ; and so I shall, God help me ! Oh,
child ! why have you done this ?"
" I was driven to It," says the girl desperately. " Vou cannot understand���you
never would, if I spent hoiir3 in telling you
���how it has all come about. Oh, how I hate
myself I���and yet Oh, Keith, say
you forgive me ! Let us part friends.
Don't break my heart with your reproaches.
In the life before me I shall have misery
enough to bear. Give me some kiud word
"I will not," he says fiercely. " I would
uot be such a hypocrite. I could almost
hate you, only that I know I love you too
much for that yet. But I will not. be hypocrite enough to say I forgive you, or wish
you well or any such d d humbug."
" Keith I" bursts from the pale, trembling
" Vea, I mean it," he goes on more wildly,
for her beauty maddens him, and he is
longing with all the wildest and most pas.
sionate longing of hia hot-blooded southern
nature to fold that lovely figure in hia arms,
to rain kisses on the sweet quivering lips,
to call her his���his own���his love, though a
hundred laws of right and honour barred
the way. " I mean it���and I hope my
misery will haunt your life, brought as it is
by your own hand. To-day you have killed
the best part of me. W hatever happens in
the future lies at your door."
" Do not say that," she implores.
" I will. If I go to the dogs you have
driven me there, and you know it. 1 have
loved you since I was a boy���since we played together in our childhood. I have heen
cold to all temptations, to all that would
make me less worthy of you, simply because
that love lay like a charm upon my heart
and kept all evil away. I have worked and
toiled, and now, when Fortune smiles���
when even your mercenary mother might be
content with my prospects���I come to
claim you and find you���married. By
heaven, Lauraine, 1 could strangle you, as
you stand there with your innocent face
looking back to mine, and fling you dead
into the arm3 0f the brute who has bought
you !"
" Oh I cease for pity's sake," implored
the girl, and her hands go to her face and
shut out that angry one before her, with
the lightning-flashes of wrath in the blue
eyes, and that agony of soul in every
quivering feature. " If you only knew
how sorry I am���how I pity you���myself
bold no communication with you for four
years!" he aays eagerly. "At the end
of that time my prospects began to bright
en. This Mr. He/.ekiah Jefferson took me
up, and then promised to leave me all his
fortune. He was rich at Croesus, and
hadn't a relative in the world. I told her
all this, and begged her to tell you, I had
no answer from either. Then oldHezekiah
died, ami I jumped cleai into two million
dollars. I rushed home as soon as I could
put things square, aud get here���just too
late ! Do you expect me to si*, down like
a tame cat, and console myself hy saying it
can't be helped? I think you know my
naturebetterth.nl that?''
She drew a long, quivering sigh. " If I
had but known ?" she says.
"So your mother uever told you ? I was
a fool to trust her. Women don't seem to
have more honour than they have constancy.
But it's no use goiug over the old ground.
You are lost to me and I don't care t��o
straws what becomes of me now. There, I
see you are impatient to be off. Good-bye,
don't let me detain you from your���husband I"
He rises as he speaks, and all the old evil
light comes back to his eyes and his face.
The girl looks sadly, reproachfully at him :
she is white aud trembling-this scene has
tried her terribly.
" Shall 1���shall we see you again?" she
a3ks faintly.
"No," he says, drawing his brows together in an angry frown. " I am not going to
intrude myself as a spectator of your happiness.   I shall take myself ofl'al once."
" And will you not be���friends? Am I
never to see you ?" she say-3 with a foolish
longing that he may not pass utterly out of
her life���a longing she feels to be wrong;
and yet cannot refrain from expieasinor.
A sudden light flashes up into the young
man's face, then fades, aud it grows black
and thunderous once more, "if I see you
again it will either be a great deal better or
O. XUlliijijlLIVT X.1-Ji.jVJJlll*
Runaway On uie Suspension Bridji.
A Niagara Falls special says : -One of
the most thrilling experiences that have
occurred here in recent years happened today to two lady visitors to tins resort. It
was nothing more nor less than being run
away with ou the railway suspension bridge
200 feet above the rushing waters of the
Niagara river, with the probability of beiug
buried down into the river almost any moment. The ladies who experienced this
most miraculous escape were New Yorkers,
who arrived last evening from the west.
They registered at the Cataract house on the
American side, as Mrs. H, Stanton and
Miss J. Stanton of New Vork. They were
assigned rooms overlooking the rapids.
This morning they engaged a cartage in
charge of a colored mau named Henry Drig-
ger3, and
about the points of interest. About noon
the party started for this side of the river.
When they drove under the railway Suspension Bridge onto the carriage way a
train was passing over the bridge and the
engine gave a sharp whistle. The horses,
a spirited team of bays, sprang forward.
At the same instant the straps to the breast
collar broke, and the team began a mad
dash across the bridge. The driver held
on to the reins pluckily, and guided the
horses straight ahead, fortunately there
was no other team on the bridge at the
time, aud
thundered on. Daggers clung to the reins
with a death-like grip, keeping the beasts
from swirling the carriage into the sidewalks, where, if it had struck, it would
probably have hurled the occupants into
the river below, and to instant death.
When the team passed the Canadian bridge
office the carriage slewed into one of the
abutments of the bridge, stripping the car-
a great deal���worse���for us both," he says I riage and throwing one of the horses to the
Her voice breaka. For a moment everything is forgotten- her atrange absence���
her mother's uneasiness���the wondering
comments of tho guests���of these ahe never
thinks. Just for one single moment they
stand face to face, and soul to soul, and see
before them the awful shipwreck of two
young despairing lives!
" Pity me! Ah, you well may," cries
Keith, softening a little at the low, tender
voice, and the misery on the young, white
face. " God knows I need it. (io���go,
while I have strength to let you. If you
knew what a hell ia in my heart at thia
present moment, you would wonder I could
bid you leave me now. It would be eaaier to
kill you than know I send you back to your
She shudders as he saya thoae words. Hc
has turned away, so that he may not aee
the fatally fair face���the drooping grace of
the lovely figure round which the costly
satin falls in gleaming folds. She moves
away; then looks back. His head is bent
dowu on his arms���a sob shakes the atrong
young frame. It goes to her heart like a
knife. Impulsively she approaches, and
lays one little hand caressingly on his arm.
" Dear Keith, don't grieve���don't fret
for me. Vou are right. I was never worth
your love���never ! I deserve all the uuliap-
piuess that Kate can bring, But first say
you forgive me this once ; I cannot bear to
part in anger from you."
Dangerously soft, dangerously sweet is
the pretty voice. it goes straight to the
aching heart to which ahe appeala. With
a strong effort he conquers his emotion and
looks up���how haggard, how altered is
the bright youngfs.ee she remembers!
" I was a brute to say what I did just
uow," be exclaims, with rapid contrition.
" I am half mad with pain. Vea, Lorry, I
will try and forgive you, though it 13 horribly hard. Vou are not a man ; you don't
know���oh God ! how can I bear it I"
She trembles violently as she stands beside him ; the folds of her dress sweep
across his feet, the faint, sweet perfume of
the orange flowers steals over his senses. Hc
hows hia burning forehead down upon her
hands, and for a moment is sileut too.
" I must go," whispers the girl, desperately, at last. "Good-bye, Keith���darling
Keith. For my sake, try and bear up now;
and oh, promise me you won't carry out
your awful threat; you won't go to the���
" I cau't promise any such thing," he
says, relapsing into gloom and anger once
more. " Vou don't know what you've done
to me. I never was particularly good, and
if I tried to be, it was simply for your sake.
Now my anchor is gone, and 1 am cut adrift.
Whatever evil I do lies at your door, as I
said before !"
" Vou are cruel���cowardly to say that!"
she cries quickly, " I have not been blameless, but I have nol beeu false to you in
my heart-that I know, and if you had
only told me, only written "
huskily.   " Vou had better not tempt me.
A great wave of crimson flushes her face.
Her eyes sink before the sudden fire and
passion that leap up beneath those dusky
lashes of his.
" Good-bye !" she says again, and holds
out her hand.   "We do part���friends
He hesitates for a second's space, then a
cold, strange smile come3 to his lip3.
"Certainly���the best of friends, Lady-
The door opens as those mocking words
escape his lips. Before them stands Mrs.
Douglass, her face white and anxious.
"I am just coming, mamma," aays
Lauarine, calmly. I cannot prevail upou
Mr. Athelstone to join us at breakfast!"
" So pleased to see you, my dear Keith !"
says Mrs. Douglas, sweetly,   " Only auch
an unfortunate time for a visit. Impossible
to hear all your news.   We must have a
long, quiet chat together when all this is
over.   Lauraine, my dear, you must really
: oome back to the drawing.room.   Can't we
I prevail upon you, Keith, my dear boy?"
!    " No, you can't," says Keith, rudely. " I
I have been so long away from fashionable ao-
' ciety that I am afraid I shouldn't get oa with
I your guests. But 1 am quite ready to have
I a chat with you, Mrs. Douglas, wheu you can
' favor me  with  your company.     1  think
' wc have something besides news to dis-
"Most happy���delighted, I'm sure," answers Mrs. Douglas, vaguely. "I will
write and tell you what day, my dear Keith,
j So many engagements just now, you know."
I She sails out of the room, with Lauraine
' beside her.
! " Really, Koith has become quite Ameri
j can," she says complainingly. " So altered
���so quite too coarse, and all that. It
makes me shudder to hear him speak. He
will be just like the Bradahaw Woollffes, I
suppose. V\ hat a time you were with him,
Lauraine���such bad form, you know I However, I am glad he's going. It would have
been quite unpleasant if he hud stayed to
the breakfast,"
Lauraine draws her hand away from her
mother's arm, and looks her steadily in the
" Vou are right," she aays, "it would."
Mrs. Douglas feels anything but comfortable as she meets that cold gaze.   But in
her heart she says: " How fortunate that
he did not come sooner���even yesterday?"
She almost shudders as she thinks of the
" slip " that might have beeu between the
costly cup she had been occupied iu raising,
and the lips to which it had been   successfully carried.
" All is safe now, though," she thinka.
" But how thankful I shall be when she is
fairly off. Was ever such a wedding day as
this ?"
And then she sails into her splendid
rooms, and receives congratulations, and
flutters about in graceful agitation, and feels
that if ever a mother deserves the victor's
crown of matrimonial success she deserves
Of courso all danger is over now. Do not
all novels end with a wedding '.' Are not all
Society's daughters considered settled and
established once the ring is on, and the rice
ami slippers thrown ? Still, as she looks at
her daughter's face, an odd little uncomfortable feeling thrills her heart. There is
something so strange, si) c/eaaMooklug about
bright, beautiful Laursiii'.
But ahe is married���safely married now.
What i.s there to fear in the future, to regret in tlie past!   Ay, what '.'
Oan a Hoias Think ?
A few days ago, while walking through
Arch street, Boston, just at thc hour when
empty trucks are standing there, when the
horses are struggling to get their oats out
of these detestable uose-bags while thu
drivers are off eating their dinner���1 noticed a truck-horse uneasily turning and
twiating his head from side to aide aa if in
search of aomebody or something, I watched as an aged phenomenon
ground, breaking its leg, Driggera jumped
out, seized the other horse, aud the ladies,
very badly frightened, alighted. Another
carriage waa procured and Mrs. Stanton and
her sister were taken back to tlie Cataract
house, where Leslie Feuner, the head clerk,
placed everything at the disposal of the
ladies for their comfort.
A reporter saw Mrs. "Stauton, who had
recovered trom the fright. " Of course we
were terribly frightened" said the lady. "I
think almost anybody would have been
under the circumstances if placed behind
two wild, frightened animals ou a bridge
200 feet over a mad mailing river, when you
did not know but that the uext moment you
would be whirled iuto eternity. No, I don't
relish the thought of it" said the lady with
a shudder.' " But for the 3plendid uerve
and bravery of our driver we would certainly have beeu killed. The man ia deserving of the highest praise, and I do hope
that he will not be discharged. It was not
his fault. He did nobly, aud I will see that
he is not discharged. Both Mrs. Stautou
and Miss Stanton are middle-aged ladies,
who have travelled extensively, aid although having passed through such a terrible experience, they appeared at luncheon
this afternoon none the worse from the
Driggers is the lion of the hotel to-night,
and hia name is heard ou every side.
Some Curious Calculation-
Some clever scientist has made up the
following table, showing the span of life
granted under the normal conditions to various living creatures and things :
The life of a field mouse is a year.
The life of a hedgehog is three times that
of a mouse.
The life of a dog is three times that of a
The life of a horse is threo times that of a
The life of a man ia three times that of a
The life of a goo3e is three times that o
a man.
The life of a swan is three times that of a
The life of a swallow is three times that
of a swan.
The life of an eagle ia three times that of
a swallow.
The life of a serpent ia three times that
of au eagle.
The life of a raven ia three times that of
The life of a hart i3 three times that of a
And an oak growcth live hundred years,
aud t'adeth five hundred years.
Certain portions of this table are hard to
believe, An easy calculation shows that if
it be accurate the hedgehog lives three
years i the dog, nine years ; the horse,
twenty-seven years; the man, eighty-ope
years; the goose, two hundred and forty-
three years ; the swan, seven hundred and
twenty-nine years; the swallow, two thousand one hundred and eighty-seven years ;
the eagle, six thousand five hundred and
sixty one years: the serpent, nineteen thousand six hundred and eighty-three years ;
thc raven, fifty-nine thousand and forty-
nine years; and the hart, oue hundred and
seventy-seven thousand one hundred anl
forty-seven yeara.
.,   ,'ju n. ... ,   n.t,:\    ii. 1^1
ed stay on our planet.
lUg  llC-l   [JlUiOUg-
him for a moment or two, and concluding
that the nose-bag had become disarranged
was about to cross the street to see if I
could re-adjust it. As I stepped forward
the horse seemed to have been struck with
a new idea. He lifted his head and for a
moment looked steadily up the street in
front of lum. Suddenly his whole aspect
changed. He shook himself, gave a snort
of satisfaction us if he had discovered what
he had beeu looking for, aud with his head
high in the air and his ears pricked up he
moved briskly forward. Much interested I
followed him. Arrived at the comer of
Franklin street he deliberately halted at
the tail of an empty truck standing thero,
and resting hisnosebai; upon it, contentedly finished his oatB.
A Paris Centenarian.
That a Parisian horn and broil in the
centre of tho city and never leaving it
Bhould attain the age of 100 years and be
still hale and hearty is rather a problem for
the municipal morality statisticians. Madame Lufossc, now domiciled in the big Nil
petriere hospital, near the Botanical gar.
dens, has just completed a century of exist,
ence, and is, therefore, put forth in print
Sho states that
notwithstanding her years she is as solid as
the Porte Saint-Martin, and that her appetite is excellent. She is carefully looked after by her daughter, who is sixty-live
years old, and ia also an inmate of the Sal-
petriere. Madame Lafosse was born in
that antique part of Paris near Notre Dame
known as the Ilo Saint-Louis, ou February
20, 178.1. She is the third centenarian on
the booka of tho hospital within a period of
fifty years ; one of her predecessors, an ex-
viv'andiero, attaining tho age of 105, while
tho other lived only two years after having
reached throe figures. Madame Lafosse
was a dressmaker in her time. Like
Leopard! and the other pessimists, she does
not think much of life, and is not disposed
to cling to it, having seen as she expresses
Thr I mirmiiii. Wrapnna I ard Id Old Timo
What was the great weapou used by the
Englishman at Hastings ? With what
weapon was he armed for the most part
when he dealt such deadly blows upon the
Norman horseman iu the earlier part of the
day? As to the answer to thia question
we are left in no doubt. History and traditions alike ascribe his long resistance to
one weapon, and one weapon alone, the
famous Danish ax. William of Malmea-
bury here is in accord with Wace; "Pedites
omnes ' * * cuuibipennibus, "etc., ai
the Quarterly Rtr'mr cites the passage.
Everywhere in the " Roman de Rou" the
same fact stares us in the face. With one
exception, every single act of valor which
the Englishman achieves at Hastings is
wrought with the axe or the gisarme. As
the Norman weapon was the lance, 30 the
Knglish was the ax. "The Normans,"
says Harold to his brocher Surth, "are
good vassals, valiant on toot and ou horae.
* * * They have long lances and swords,
* * and we have sharp axes and gilt-
edged bills," A few lines further ou we
read that the Fnglish were armed with
'' hacbe of gisarme. " " with axes and well
cutting  gisarmea."
Harold's own spjciil friends���the corps
d'elile of the English army���are accoutred,
with sword ami shield, and in addition to
this they have hung "great hatchets on
their necks, with which they could strike
doughty blows." Whenever a special eleed
of valor is to be credited to an Englishman
with one exception, it is due to the ax he
bears. And now, what were these axes
that dealt such deadly destruction on the
Norman knight ? As to this we are left
in no doubt. Time after time does Wace
cali them "great axes." The head alone
in one instance was a foot ir. length. Aud
the Bayeux tapestry, out of about twenty
axes, represents all except some three as
haviug long handles. Hardly ever do ws
find iu the tapestry the short ax for one
hand. ���LThe Contemporary Review.
Ill     ���!���    ���
Army Life at Gibraltar.
The life of a subaltern of the British army
who belongs to a smart regiment, and who
is stationed at such a post as Gibraltar, impresses you as being as easy and satisfactory
astate of existence as a young unmarried mau
could ask. He has always the hope that aome
day���any day, iu fact���he will have a change
to see active service,and so serve his country
and distinguish his name, And while waiting for this chance he enjoys the good things
the world bring3 him with a clear conscience.
He has duties it 13 true, but they did not
strike me as beiug wearing ones, or as threatening nervous prostration. As far as I could
see, his most trying duty was the number
of times a day he had to change his clothes,
and this had its ameliorating circumstance
iu that he each time changed into a more
gorgeous costume. I remember one youth
whom I saw in four different suits inside of
two hours. When I first noticed him he
was coming back from polo, in boots and
breeches, then he was directing the firing
of a gun, with a pill-box hat on the side of
his head, a large pair of field-glasses in his
hand, and covered by a black and red uniform that fitted him like a jersey. A little
later he turned up at a tennis party at the
Governor's in flannels, and after that he came
there to dine in the garb of every evening.
When the subaltern dines at mesa he wears
a uniform which turns that of a member of
Troop A into what looks in compari-
son like a second-hand and ready-
made garment. The officers of the
13th Somerset Light Infantry wore scarlet
jackets at dinner, with high black silk
waistcoats bordered with two inches of gold,
lace. The jackets have gold buttons sewed
along every edge that presents itself, and
offers glorious chances for determining one's
future by counting "poor man, rich mau,
beggar-man, thief." When eighteen of theae
jackets are placed around a table, the chance
civilian feels aud looks like an undertaker.
Dining at tneas is a very serious function in
a British regiment. At other times her Majesty's officers are a casual lot; but at dinner, when you are a guest, or whether you
are a guest or not, theie is au intent to
please and to be pleased that is rather refreshing. We have no regimental headquarters in America, and owing to our officers aeeking promotion all over the country
the regimental eaprit de corps is lacking.
But in the English army regimental feeling
is very strong ; father and son follow on in
the aame regiment, aud now that they are
naming them for the counties from which
they are recruited, they are becoming very
close corporations indeed. At mess the
traditions of the regiment come into play,
aud you can learn then of the actions in
which it has been engaged from the engravings and paintings around the walla, and
from the silver plate on the table aud the
flags in the corner.���| Harper's Weekly.
A V�� Method of Dlarovrrlat* Ike lonorrtu
it is claimed by some that the United
States, is an enlightened country, all the
lynching outrages to the contrary notwithstanding. If this is the case, a recent occurrence in Ohio shows that even in the
broad daylight of civilization superstition
refuses to die. In the city of Cincinnati a
few daya ago a man was a, rested for killing
his wife. There is a belief among the ignorant that if a murderer gazes at the wound
he has inflicted upon his victim it will bleed
afresh. The chief of police determined to
test tne guilt or innocence of his prisoner in
this way. The experiment was tried and
the wound did not bleed. The man was uot
released, but it is conjectured that had the
supernatural evidence of his guilt been forth
coming he would have been hanged upon the
spot. If such tests are permitted in Ohio
the practice will be extremely awkward for
murderers. The next time a man is charged
with killing his wife he may be required to
prove his innocence by walking unharmed
with bare feet over red hot ploughshares or
by putting his hand into a cauldron of boiling water without being scalded. Such
tests have the sanction of history, if not of
common sense,
President Cleveland never wears gloves,
no matter how cold thc weathe: maybe,
and even when the thermometer hovers
around ten he does not seem to feel uncomfortable. SATURDAY, JUNE U, 1893.
The Post-office authorities are woe-
hilly neglectful in tbe me of New
Denver, that busy Oentte of a great
mining district lmviiig but one mail
a week. With the steamer VV, Hunter
making: daily trips to tbe head of the
lake to connect With packtrains from
Nakusp, which town receives a triweekly mail from Revelstoke, there
is no earthly reaSon why iNetv Denver
should not be Bimilarly (tented. If
Post-office Inspector Fletcher won't
deal fairly with New Denver it is to be
hoped the authorities at Ottawa will
act over his head,
Residents at the mill complain
that the shack vacated hy the small-
poi patient has not been burned, and
say tbat it is possible for a tramp to
pass the night thefo and perhaps
spread the 'contagion once more, The
health officer Bays it is not necessary
to destroy it, there being a 6-foot fenoe
built around it and nobody can get
in. For our part we think it should
be burned, A 6-foot fence is not
much of an obstacle to a tramp on
the lookout for a night's lodging. No
consideration of expense should prevent every precaution being taken,
and the town Would feet safer if both
shack and tent were butned.
It seems impossible for the Nelson
Tribune to be fair and just in connection with the division of the appropriation for West Kootenay.   It
now wants the whole of this year's
appropriation to be expended in the
Nelson Division.   If our contemporary is amenable to reason we would
like to show the Tribune the un justness of its latest effort to " cop " the
lot.  Of the $75,000 apropriated for
West Kootenay this year Revelstoke
Division gets $12,500, Nelson Division
gets the remainder. The Qovernment
is building a courthouse ki Nelson
at a cost of $8,000.   Nelson is about
to build a hospital; the Government
will contribute $2,600 towards it.
(Don't forget this when we come to
build om; hospital.) Nelson's streets
were 'mostly cleared by Government
money, 'and the Government built a
$4,000 wharf, as well as a lock-up and
school costing another $1,000.   In
response to growls from Nelson no
less than  $15,000 was '��� frittered
away" on a "diwdy" wagoa road to
Toad Mountain,   Even in constructing it* sewers Nelson must needs cry
out for Government help.   For yeara
past Nelson has received large yearly
grants from the Government, and last
year $21,000 of the appropriation was
spent in Nelson Division and only
$6,000 in Revelstoke Division.   Tbe
$10,000 to be spent on the wagon
road from h'nelo into the Sloean is a
waste of public money, seeing that
there aro two railroads being coin*
menced to cover precisely the same
ground.  The Kaslo k Sloean railroad
will parallel the proposed wagon road,
and on the completion of the former
the letter's usefulness will terminate.
But tbis is all right; the money is to
be Bpent or "frittered away " in Nelson Division.  T he Tribune, speaking
of the proposed Wagon road from Lhe
Noi'tJi-enst Ami to Trout Lake, says:
'' If tbe money (Revelstoke's portion
of the appropriation) is frittered away
in building wngoD roads into undeveloped mining camps (tbe great and
Unsurpassed Lardeau district) there
will be good cause for complaint." It
then goes on to preach tbe doctrine
tihut (ihe money could be better used
by adding it to the $10,000 appropriated for Kaslo wagou road and extend the rond as far as New Denver. I
Repeating Gladstone's words we feel j
compelled to say, ".Hands off!" Tbis j
division can use its own appropriation,
small though it be (the sppropria- j
tion, not the division, although tbe
division is most unfair j.    But the i
Tribune is too previous.   It has got \
hold of the wrong end of tbe stick. I
Wbile having no great liking for the <
Tribune's interference in our purely
local affairs we will explain ihis matter of the Lardeau wagon road,   Iu ,
the first place, if tbe Government
contributes anything it will not comf<
ant ot the appropriation at all,   The
rond, which will lie about li! miles in
length, is estimated to ooat lietwaum !
|12,000 and $15,000, Lardeau Town-
site Company will contribute $6,000,
the owners of Trout Lako City a sum
uot less, and there is evory probability '
that the owners sf the townsite at
Thomson1! Landing will "chip in."
How niiii'h will the Government put
Up?   'lhe Tribune may feel sore at
the fact that tbe immense ledges of
the Lardeau are so far from Nelson
and so near to Itaivolstoku, and at the
additional fact that the face of the
prospector is turned northward, but
that is no excuse for its malicious
attempt to injure the prospectors awl
claim-owners in the Lardean for the
sane of  ourrying   favor  with  the
American magnates of Kaslo.  Tbe
Tribune, to be consistent, should locate south of the boundary line,
'    ���
200 to 212 FIRST AVE. NORTH,
Exporttrtof   Tannery
137 4139 flai* st 3011303 s. Mils st.   Calfskins, Dry flides,
Pelts, Furs, Wool,
Tallow, Grease, Deerskins,
Ginsens & Seneca Root.
SlouniTY BaNK oa Minn..Minneapolis. Minn.
St. DaanuORN NaT.BaNK, Cmeaao, Ill
MoNT.Na NanONal BaNK, HaLBNa, Mont.
Finer National. BaNK, Gna.r Fall*, Mont.
First NanOnaL BaNK, 8pOKaNiP>LS,WaaH.
NaT. Banxoi.CoMMance.ST. Louie.      Mo.
Liberal Advances Mado on Shipments Against
Original Bill of Lading.
Shipments Solicited.   Write for Circulars.
Shlpiwrs (roni this Stale Corresponil with unit Con-
Ufa to Mlllui8i|ioli" Ilousu.
B. C.
Mining and Real Estate Broker and General
Commission Agent.
��� ���
I t>
Is situated at the bead of tlie North-East Arm of Upper
Arrow Lake. It is the easiest point from which to enter tlie
remarkably rich mines of the Lardeau and Fish Creek Districts. It will have the advantage of both rail and steam*'
boat lines. The C.P.R. will begin thc building of a line from
Revelstoke to the N.E. Arm of Arrow Lake as soon, as the
weather will permit. LARDEAU is at tbe head nf navigation on this Arm, and will be the terminus of steamers aud
that ot the Lardeau & Kootenay Railway. There is no
question that the Rich Mining Districts which are tributary
to LARDEAU will attract thousands of Prospectors aud
Capitalists during the present season, and that a large town
Will grow up at that point. The history of Kaslo will be
repeated at LARDEAU this year, aud investors in Kooteuay
property should study the situation. Kaslo, in many instances, has already repaid from 500 to 1,000 per cent, to
The wisdom of an investment in LARDEAU is
without question.
For further particulars, prices and terms, apply to any of tbe undersigned.
ROBERT IRVING, Trustee, Broad Street, Victoria.
HENRY CROFT, Colonist Building, Government Street, Victoria.
DOUGLAS & CO., 139 Cordova Street, Vancouver.
GREEN, RICHARDSON & CO., 57 Jameson Building, Spokane.
DAVID F. DOUGLAS, Resident Agent, Lardeau.
Tront Street,
Atlantic Express, arrives  4.20 daily.
Pacific        " "     21.HO   " "
Cheapest, most reliable and safe
route to Montreal, Toronto, Ht. Paul,
Cliica-*o, .V��w York and [jost/m.
iaUiOn $6 to sin lower than any other
other route,
Specially fitted Colonist Cars, in
oharge of a Porter, fur the nrciiiiiii.il
(latino of I'HHRcnira'rH holding noond
class tickets. Passengers l><,ok��'il to
and from all Kuropean points at
Lowest Rates.
Low Freight I'llitee. Quick den
patch, jMeniliaiits will save money
by having their freight routed  via
be C.P.R.
Full and reliable information given
by applying to
Asst, (Wl Freight Ag't, V'nconver,
or to r. T. BREWSTER,
Ag't 0, P. It. Depot, Revelstoke.
0. & H. LEWIS,
Catered for.
For Information nn-1 freo Handbook wrlloto
mij.vn * to., ail Bboadwat, n<w voiur.
OMiut burmui for jccurliiK jjutnnU in America,
Kri-t-f patent taken oi't by im la bmui-lil boforo
tbe (jiiijiiu by a nulloo iflvun Ime ot cliargo In Die
gmuiitit ^mtltm
Urrnit drmlatlon of any nelentlflc paper In tho
world. Hfilendiilly lllirtrale.il. No liiMltant
man abonld be wllliout it. Weekly, 84,00 a
yean IlWiH monthi   AddroM Mi'NN it (;o.,
I'i uijuii .       ii, I j.,'. ,.i ��.i,, L\m i a ii city.
Do yon Write for tlio Papers?
If you do, yon should have THE
'i Text Book for Correnpondenti He.
porti.ru, Editors and General Writers,
117 N*wu Sthect, New York, N. V.
Htalaa where yon nav/1 hi i and ymi will re-
eeivs t hsndKfflo Hthoirraph for framing,
siioi.iN'' a. specialty.
j? resn tirocenes,
Camping Outfits, Clothing,
Ladies' Fancy Goods and
Revelstoke, New Denver
and Nakusp;
i��9 HA RBI
Giant Powder kept in stock at New Denver and
Messrs. C. B. Hume & Co,,
Revelstoke Station,
Consignment of Butter and Eggs received every week.
Our store at Trout Lake Citv is stocked with
Everything required by
Miners and Prospectors.
CD ��T
aJ   l0
<h ST
0  g
i r
Furniture & Undertaking.
Has a large St ck of Household Furniture, Coffins, Caskets,
Shrouds, &c.
REVELSTOKE, B.C. iy i-i ii| nun auuu       uuuui. ajkj     * ���������
f'lcvcr  Tactlm Kmortcd lo by Prisoner-,
lo Rcjiain riirlr Freedom.
Escapes from prison are uot 30 numerous
im they were fifteen or twenty years ago,
and many people reason that it in because of!
the greater vigilance exercised by keepers
and the improvements made in the construction of such institutions. This is a wrong
conclusion. The fact is that less vigilance
is required with the average prisoner than
ever before, and the prison of to-day is no
stronger than those of a quarter of a century ago. It is entirely due to a different
line of reasoning with the convict himself.
In former days, every man landed in prison
began at once to plot and plan an escape.
A man sent up for a year was as apt to
make a break as one sentenced for twenty
years. The idea wai to get out, and every
thought and move was in that direction.
The man sent to prison in these daya for
five, eight, or ten years does not bother
with thoughts of escape. He realizes that
he does not stand one chance in twenty of
being at liberty for a month. His description will be telegraphed and mailed to officers all over the country, and he will be
looked for in every public plaoe. The con-
viot who is docile and obedient will not
only secure special favours, but the " good
time " allowed him by law will naterially
shorten his sentence.
and the most desperate robber take on a
new character when they enter prison and
do not give the trouble experienced with
some cowardly fellow sent up for a year for
firing a haystack or stealing a cow.
In other days, when 1 was assistant warden of the .State prison at J , no "good
time" was allowed, and the popular idea
was lhat prisoners should be restrained by
fear alone. It wasexpected thatevery convict would escape if he could. If opportunity occurred and was not taken advantage of, tl 3 man received no credit. It was
argued that fear of the whip, if retaken,
alone restrained him. The first escape
after I was appointed assistant was one of
the slickest in the prison records. We had
a man about 25 years old, named Williams,
serviuga seven-year sentence for forgery. He
was beardless and had the face and voice of
a woman. 'He was employed in the broom
shop, and had been with us about four
months when he was suddenly taken ill one
forenoon. The doctor gave him some medicine and sent him to his cell to rest for the
day. This cell was on tho ground tier of
the east corridor, and three cells beyond
was the first of three dark cells where prisoners were locked up for slight infractions
of the standing rules. The door of Williams's cell was not locked on him, as escape from llie corridor was considered impossible. There was an excursion of some
sort in town that day, and in the afternoon
visitots were numerous. A party of fifteen
were goiog the rounds when I started out
with as many more. All wers entire
strangers to me, and I did not particularly
observe any one individual. When we came
to the dark cells there wad ureal curiosity
to see how dark they really were, and I
was detained (here ten minutes while one
after another stepped in and had the door
shut on them. Wc then made the usual
round, and the visitors passed out. Three
hours later I was informed that Williams
could not be found. It took me some time
to figure it out, but I got at the facts at
last, No one had been allowed to carry
any bundles or parcels beyond the Warden's
office. One oi the women must have put
on extra clothing and had a hat concealed
under her dress or cloak. While 1 was busy
at the dark cells she was helping Williams
to dress, and he had accompanied us on
our rounds and passed out with the crowd.
I spent $600 in seeking
but never got trace of him. The woman
who assisted him must have had it planned
beforehand, so that he should leave his
work and be in his cell. After that occurrence the number of visitors in a party was
counted as they went in and ont.
For nerve, dash and coolness the escape
of a convict named Henry .Savage, was
never excelled in any prison. He was a
man of 50, with the look of an honest old
farmer, and was serving a long sentence for
robbing a village store. Ou account of his
age and humble demeanor he was one of the
iour convicts employed to keep the west
corridor in a state of cleanliness. There
were two tiers of cells, a hundred in each,
and his cell was about the centre aud on the
north side. His wife had sent him a clock,
a mirror, two or three pictures, and other
articles of adornment, and the old man always kept everything iu apple pie order.
In passing down the corridor with 11 purty
of visitors wo used always to stop and point
out this cell, and nearly everybody wanted
to enter it und look around. One afternoon
I had a party of eight people, five men and
throe women. One of the men was an old
farmer who wore spectacles and who expressed Iiis surprise in such exclamations as
" Iiy gosh !" " Gosh durn it I" und " Waal,
I'll be hanged I" He was at iny elbow all
the time as we went through the east corridor, and he was loudest iu Ins surprise
and in I mi im 1 inn of the cell I have named
when we came to It, Ssvagowas scrubbing
the floor net ten [eel iway when we slopped
to inspect. Now this Is what happened u
wo started ou : Nome men were whiten nailing the beams nnd rafters of the roof, and
lho visitors asked a nun.ber of questions,
and we moved on slowly. The old farmer
waited for a minute to look at something in
tho cell, and Savage slipped In, seized him
by tlio throat, and, threw him on the bed.
Inside ol two minutes he gagged, bound,
and stripped the old man of his clothing,
made a change of apparel, and was with us
and saying :
" Waal, by gum, but that feller seems
right to home in here I"
You will say I ought to have detected
thc change of voice. So ought the others
in the party, but no one did. Savage had
heard the old man talking, and was a good
mimic. We finished the usual round,
passed tho lodge keepers, and went out
through the front ollice. Standing right
there in the presenoe of tlm Warden, a
guard, and myself Savage got oil some
quaint and original remark which caused
everybody to laugh, and lie insisted ou
shakiug hands before
Ho had been gone au hour when the oilier
sorubman discovered what Ind happened
and gave the alarm. Wo had a regular
ciruiifl wiih the old farmer, who demanded
leave until he got his cash. Savage rode
ont of town with a windmill man, and
though a detective traced him for hundreds
of miles he made good his escape.
I do not think that any officer of the
prison to whicli I was attached had been
furnished with a ground plan or could guess
the number of sewers under the floor or in
which direction they ran. So long as the
tiers were set at least ten feet from the
walls and the floors of the cells were of
flagstones there was no fear of a prisoner
digging his way out. However, it was one
of the standing rules that a daily inspection of each cell should be made. Like
many other things, this was neglected afler
a while. An officer simply passed along
and glanced into each cell and reported
everything all right. Exactly under cell
No. 50 in the lower tier of the east corridor ran a sewer, as we one day
ascertained. It did uot run lengthwise of the wing or corridor, but
across it. In the yard it emptied into the
main prison sewer, aud that sewer was connected with the city system. The occupant
of cell No. 50 was a man named James
Dailey, and when I came to the prison he
was 40 years old and had served ten years
on a life sentence for murder. His prison
record was good. He was in the blacksmith
shop by choice, that being Itia trade. How
Dailey ever discovered that the sewer ran
beneath his cell was a puzzle. Perhaps he
did not know it and began his work as an
experiment. The flagstones forming the cell
floors were of uneven lengths and widlhs
and laid in cement. Dailey secured a piece
of iron in the shop and used it to dig out all
the cement in the cracks around a stone
three feet long by two wide in the centre of
his cell and right in front of the door. The
cement he carried out in his pockets and
got rid of around the blacksmith shop,
Two guards was on duty in his corridor all
the time. The idea was to make a full
round every fifteen minutes. No doubt the
guards contented themselves with doing the
round once in a half an hour or longer and
then did not take the trouble to look into
tho cells.
It took Dailey fourteen months simply to
clean thc crevices of cement. The material
he took out was replaced with crumbs of
bread. The cement was almost as hard as
the stone, and he had to work so cautiouslv
and was interrupted so often that it seemed
a never-ending job. The bottom of the
stone was embedded in cement and must be
pried loose. To do this he had to git a
short but heavy bar of iron with a sharpened
end. This bar had tu be cut, sharpened,
and secreted on his person
and of half a dosen of his fellow convicts,
but he managed it. It was a prison rule
that every cell should be thoroughly searched every other Sunday morning. Had this
been carried out the bar would have beeu
discovered in Dailey's cell. It was under
his mattress for months without any of us
being the wiser for it. With such a short
lever as he had he was obliged to loosen the
stone from its bed of cement more by jarring than by prying. It was months before
he could lift it out, and than he found a
bed of cement two feet thick. On each
side of him was a prisoner who would have
given him away. Dailey therefore had to
look out for these men as well as for the
guards. Some nights he worked two hours
and again he could not touch the work at
all. He could get rid of only a few hand-
fuls each day without running a great risk,
aud it was ,100 days from the time he lifted
the stone before he dug out the last of the
cement and struck the top of the brick
sewer. One night a guard just missed
catching Dailey at work, and the convict
was so frightened that he did not do another stroke for two months. During the
first fortnight the guard crept softly to his
door three or four times a night, aud had
he been working discovery would have been
It was two years snd a half from the
time Dailey began at the stone before he
broke into the sewer and was ready to see
where it led to. If anything more were
needed to prove his patience as well as
perseverance, it was furnished in his wait
ing two weeks for a heavy rain to come and
clean out the sewers. What he nad struck
was a lateral or branch leading from the
kitchen, but he realized that the main
sewer might be in such an efl'ensive state as
to cause his death. He was ready the 15th
of August, but he waited until the 5th of
September. Then it rained heavily all day
aud flushed the sewers, and at 12 o'clock at
night he raised the stone, dropped into the
sewer, and then let the flag fall back in
place. The sewer was so small that he had
to go into it without even a shirt. Lying
at full length he drew himself aloiij/ inch by
inch to the main sewer. Here there was
room to creep on hands and knees. It ran
adistanoe of'J.'iO feet beforo strikiigt'ue
street, and at its mouth he discovered just
what he had expected to, a heavy iron
grating, but it
more than half an hour. When he passed
out he was in a city sewer in whi sh he could
stand upright. The first idea of tlie average
man would have been lo get above ground
as soon as possible. Not so with Dailey,
He knew that a keen and vigorous hunt
would he made for him. He was under a
city of 150,000 inhabitants. Hc passe 1 up
the big sewer until he came to a lateral into
which lie could easily crawl, and he followed it until he debouched into another main,
he travelled in thiB way for several miles
and until daylight came and then he lay by
for a rest.
When the prisoners were turned out in the
morning Dailey was missed and llis escape
discovered. No one could be found to follow his trail, but at about noon men got iuto
the street sewer and found that he Ind come
out that way. A heavy reward was offered
for his capture, and for a week lour or five
men were hunting the sewers in search of
him. Dogs were called into use, but the
search was finally given up in disgust.
During the same week there were 200 men
looking for nim above ground, and at least
a dozen strangers were spotted and arrested.
He was a man without friends, and we
looked for him to head for the country when
he left the city. Fortunestrnngely favored
him. He got into a lateral sewer leading from
a slaughter home, passed up into the house
and into a loft above in the night, and he
lived on raw meat alono for throe days.
Then one night he slipped out and had tho
luck to find a shirt and a pair of trousers on
a olothesline. Next day a outclier left his
coat wiih $100 in a pocket hanging up while
he stepped out, an.l bailey sneaked it. That
pair of shoes at a second hand store, and
went to the depot and took a train out of
town. Dailey was soon heard of in St. Louis,
but he led the orlkers a wild-goose chase and
finally escaped to South Africa. The particulars I have given you 1 got from a pal
of his who came under my charge about a
year after the escape.
Thev Will Not Mix Willi Oilier Rum ami
Have no Money of Their Own.
" Originally from Africa, they still maintain their tribal relations and singular customs. Physically they are a fine race, being
coal black and very muscular. Their language is hard and guttural, its vocabulary
consisting of only about 700 words. They
can count up to three in their own tongue,
aud above that number count in French.
It is almost impossible to learn their language. They are nomadic, and go from
place to place along the coast. Some families have half a dozen homes in as many
villages. Some of the youn^j women are
comparatively good-looking, and all have a
most gracefi.' and erect carnage. They
carry water pitchers on their heads very
" The women do all the work, and carry
burdens on their backs that would crack
the vertebra of a strong white man. The
men are idlers. The women have uo staudiug in the family relations, and the wife
does not eat with her husband, nor do any
of the females with the men. They are a3
much at home in the water as on land, and
the women paddle the dugout canoes. The
babies learn to swim almost before they can
walk. As a race they are wonderfully
cleanly, bathing several times a day, and
when the morning's work is over they are
very neat and clean in their scant attire,
" They ars very filial, however, and when
ones goes fishing, the first fish caught is for
the grandfather, the next for the father,
and so on down th-. list until the fisherman
comes to himself. They will not sell their
fish to the whites or other natives until their
own families are supplied. In brief, they
are one of the few races in the world who
have refused to iutermingle with other
"British Honduras is a crown colony,
and of its 30,000 population there are about
300 whites, mainly English. There is an
American colony of about twenty people at
Toledo, engaged in sugar growing and rum
making. They are n.ainly from Kentucky,
and it is a prosperous colony. The country
is healthful for a topical country, aud there
has not been a case of yellow fever in several years. The principal product is mahogany, and it will be yeara before the forests
are exhausted. Ureal quantities of logwood
are also shipped to Europe. We ship only
bananas and plantains to the United States,
shipping last year 728,000 bunches of bananas and plantains to New Orleans. The
great problem with us is labor, and w, import natives from the West Indies, We
need immigration, and Sir Alfred Maloney,
the governor, is a progressive man, a-'d is
doing much to bring us to the notice the
world. We have no railroads beyond a
tramway drawn by mules, penetrating the
plantations foraboutsix miles. There ianot
a telegraph instrument or line in the province, and only a short telephone line between government buildings. We have no
money of our own, but use the silver of surrounding republics, which is so depreciated
that $5 in American mouey is equal to
$8.60 of the money in use."
v u iwucit 11    sjuu u mil
Till-; I'lRST STOVE-,.
A heating apparatus called a " stuba "
(stove) was widely used among the higher
class of Romans hefore the beginning of the
Christian era. This class of healers were
fixed and immovable, besides being in several other respects wholly different from
the modern stove. In German) and Scandinavia they were used in bath rooms and hot
houses during the Middle Ages. They were
usually constructed of brick, stone or tiles
and were of immense size. They sometimes
covered the whole side of a twenty or thirty-
foot room and often extended out into the
room as much as ten feet, in which c��se the
smooth, flat top was used for a bedstead,
the heated surface imparting an agreeable
feeling of warmth during those cold nights
of long ago, when such things as covers
were quite rare. Cardinal Polignac, of
France, was perhaps tho first to attempt
the construction of a stove wholly of irou ;
this at aboutjthe beginning of the eighteenth
century. The first improvement over the
old Roman " stuba " was brought about by
Franklin in the year 1745j oneof his efforts
produced a typical base burner, almost perfect, and a model of workmanship, Stoves
were not used in private houses to any great
extent prior to the year IS.'iO.
A curious and interesting calculation has
been made by Professor Rogers, of Washington, D. ft, on the "dynamic" power of
coal. According to his deductions a pound
of good steam coal has within it dynamic
power equivalent to the work of one man
for a period of ten hours. Three tons of
similar coal represents a man's labor for a
period of several years. One square mile
of a seam of coal having a depth of only
four feet represents power equal to that expended by one million men ten hours each
day for twenty years!
Such calculations as those made by Mr.
Rogers may sen 1 to remind us how very
wasteful our methods of burning fuels
must he, in spite of all that has been done
in the fuel-saving line by the inventors and
An Amphibious Bos.t-
A new Canadian invention for use in the
lumber districts is coming iuto general use
in North Ontario, says au Ottawa special to
the Boston Herald. It is called a steam
warping tug. It propela itself on laud as
well as ou water, and is used by lumbermen
whose operations are carried on among
small lakes connected by streams .1 uncertain navigation
The vessel has proveil not only a success,
but a great boon to the lum ber trade. Six of
those unique crafts havt been built by the
inventors during the past season, four completed at their yard here and two shipped
ready to be put togethera, '.hoir destination
in the Nipissing district.
They are built in seo* shape, wi'h steel-
shod runners for moving ovulauu ; are
thirty-seven feet lona, ten feet beam, decked all over, and have sleeping room for four
men in the bow; the bo.toin and up the
bow is covered with stee. boilev plate. An
engine of 22-horse pow'i. t'u.nishes steam for
teu hours' work, with three-quarters of a
cord of wood.
In the water it moves six miles an hour
forward or backward, ai required, propelled
by sidowheels. Ou land it is propelled by
haviug a cable drum, onl l.ich is coiled five-
eigeghs of a milo of steel wire cable, which
is fastened with pulleys to a tree or some
object in front, thc hoat moving as the wire
ia coiled up. The boiler is hung on an axle
in the center, and a screw arranged on the
front enables the fireniaii to tip it forward
or back, and keep it levc. going up or down
hill. It, will move over in elevation of one
foot in three on land, and draws about
twenty-eight inches iu tho water.
flu Never Tried :t Again.
A brigade major, iei 'ing in Gibraltar
was in the habit of giving to soldiers, who
had indulged not wisely hul m well, a note,
addressed to tho sergeant of tlio guard, in
which it was written, " A 'aso confine hearer."
One day an astute Irishman happened to
be one of the victims, and was handed the
note, and ordered to return to barracks at
once and deliver it.
On his way be met the brigade major's
groom, and knowing the contents of the
note, asked him as a favour to take it to the
barracks, as he did not wish to return for
an hour or two.
On delivering it he was of course confined
to the guard-room.
The major, on learning the truth, said no
more about it, thinking it very smart on the
part of the soldior, and never again tried
Useless Economy-
Sympathetic Frieud~"Don't worry about
it, old fellow.   You'll got on  your foet
again some day,"
Business Man'whn Inn just failod for half
a million)���"The only rogrot 1 feel just
now, my friend, is that I refrained from
ordering tenderloin sleuk, with mushrooms
at dinner yesterday because I thought I
couldn't afford it.'1
ui lhc cen.ai, juau ueueaui wnere me uoujr
lay. On searching the house, the police
found that the girl's bedroom had been rifled
of some of its contents. The rifled bedroom
leads to the theory that robbery was the
motive, but they are all at sea regarding
the identity or the whereabouts of the assassin. The girl is said to have had no lovers
and no motive other than robbery is advanced. Neighbors noticed no unusual noise,
and this is mysterious, as the farmer kept
several large aud ferocious dogs.
The shamrock, Ireland's floral emblem,
is a trefoil, or three-leaf plant, much resembling our white clover, but of theoxalis
genus of grasses. While St. Patrick was
preaching to the pagans of the Emerald
Isle in the year 43.1 he attempted to explain
the " Trinity iu Unity," but his hearers
could not understand it. At last lie plucked a trefoil (shamrock) and said 1 " Is it
not as possible for the Father, Son and
Holy Ghost to be one as it is for those three
leaves to grow upon a single stalk J" The
pagan Irish were convinced and soon afterward adopted the shamrock as their national emblem.
The higheat velocity attained by a cannon ball has been estimated at 1622 feet
per second, which is equal to a mile in 3.2
seconds. The velocity of the earth at the
equator, due to its rotation on its axis, is
1O00 miles per second, or a mile every 3.6
seconds. Therefore it has been calculated
that if a cannon ball were fired due west,
, id that it could maintain its initial velocity for twenty-four hours, it would barely
beat the sun in it apparent journey arouud
the earth.
The heaviest man of all history was
Miles Dardeu, who died iu Kentucky in
The tallest woman in the West is a lady
residing at Boise City, Ida. She is six feet
nine inches in height.
Defiance, ia., claims a "living skeleton,'1
in the pcrao;. of .111 honorable citizen who is
live feet eight inches in height and weighs
but sixty-five pounds.
A dwarf residing at Shigaken, Osaka, is
36 years old and hut seventeen inches in
height. He is well-educated and teaches
penmanship for a livelihood.
A Marion County, la., physician has a
human monstrosity, a male child weighing
nine and one-half pounds, which has a perfect snake's head, itis preserved in alcohol
aud seldom exhibited.
Tho smallest woman living west of the
Rocky Mountains, is now making her home
at Pine City, Whitman County, Washington. She ia twe ty-nino inches high and
weighs thittyand one-half pounds exact-
The largest man now in the service of Her
Majesty, Queen Victoria, is Lieutenant
Sutherland, who is eight feet four inches
high and weighs 364 pounds.
Tho oldest mau of modern time was the
old Indian "Gabriel," who died at Castro-
ville, Cal, In lS'.lO, at thc age of 14" years.
Krrlhn Hiiiirliealer. a Farmer's llaujliler,
At lull Hlver, Jinni.
Fall Kiver, Mass., i- in 1 stale of intense
excitement, due to the discovery of an
atrocious murder. The victim was Miss
Bertha Manchester, aged twenty-two years,
a former student iu tho High school, and a
descendant of one of the oldest families In
that section of New England, She was last
seen alive when her fall cr, accompanied by
his sou anu a hired boy, loft for the city in
the morning. On their return the son ran
into the kitchen and there saw his murdered sister lying in a pool of blood. Notifying the father, the police were summoned
ami an investigi.l >i was made. A bloody
axe was found in ��� wood pilo near the back
fence. The examination of the body disclosed horrible conditions. The young girl
was lying close to the foot of the stove,
where alio had evidently dragged herself
through pools of htr blood. Her right leg
was drawn under the body, her clothes were
partially drawn from her hips, and her
head and face were frightfully mutilated. Thero wero four long deep cuts
on the back of the head, and tlie top of the
skull was crushed to a jelly. There wore
aovotal cuts on tho face and nose, and two
of the girl's teeth were found on the floor
beside her. Her loose hair was matted with
blond and her arms and faco wore covered
with it. The space in whii I) ahe was found
measured about 6x8 feet, aid the sheathing
and windows all around it were spotted with
blood.' Rome fow spots of blood wero found
leading Irom the kitchen to tho cellar door,
aud there woro pools of blood on tho lloor
t Ilm1115rr1.ua Orruiiaiiiin In Which Women
are Engaged.
Making dynamite ia a strange occupation
for women, yet they are largly employed in
it in many European communities. Tho
manufacture of dynamite for beneficial use
iu mining and engineering work, as well as
for military purposes, is carried on largely
in almost every part of Europe. Franco
has notable factories : At Ablon, near Hon-
fleur, on the Seine estuary, at Paulillnesa,
near Port Vendres, in the south of France,
and at, Cugny, uot far from Moret, in the
department of the Seine-tt-Marne. These
establishments produce yearly over 25,000,-
000 dynamite cartridges. One of the earliest that were set in operation is that founded in Switzerland twenty years ago by
Xavier Bender at the instance of the lato
Louis Favre, the chief engineer of the St.
Gothard Railway tunnel, to
which modern science has invented for penetrating mountains of granite and other hard
rocks with a facility and economy of labor
that could not have been imagined in former ages. A visit to the factory, at Isleton,
at the lower end of the Isenthal, in tho
vicinity of Fluelen, the port on the Lake of
Uri, so well known to many English tour
ists, is seldom granted without special
recommendation. The mechanical operations do not appear to be complicated, and
are mostly performed by Swiss women and
girls with the aid of simple machines worked
by hand on tables. Dynamite, as most
people are aware, is a powder which can
be made into cakes, or may be converted
into a sticky paste called " explosive gum,"
or be enveloped in cases of paper or pasteboard or metal to form cartridges which
are commonly used in blasting rocks or
mineral ores by inserting them iu the
Aa the compressed powder, which, being of
an oily consistence, now assumes comparative aolidity, issues from a tube or cylinder,
iu the shape of a aauaage or macaroni, it ia
cut by a wemau into equal lengths of about
three inches. Each place is theu carefully
taken up by another woman, who wraps it
in oiled cartridge paper, which she fastens,
closing both ends and covering it to exclude
wet ; the tremendous little instrument is
now complete. There is also a hand mill
for making the paste or " explosive gum"
cartridges. This machine emits two solid
lengths of the material simultaneously,
which are cut up, wrapped and fastened in
the cartridne-cases and taken away to be
packed in boxes for commercial distribution.
The fabrication of the dyuamite stuff itself, also performed at the Isleton factory,
is terribly dangeious, but custom aud
strict rule give the operators a sense of ordinary safety.
France is building 2.5 warships.
Greece has only 3,000 paupers.
Paria has a Beggar's Journal.
Kansas leads in egg production.
Australian trees are 400 feet high.
Hollanders will colonize in Illinois.
Monroe City, Mo., has a paint mine.
A Paris store employs 150 detectives.
Kentucky leads the South in tobacco.
Paris has ordered a $150,000 telescope.
Russia spends $1,000,000 a day on liquor.
Amoy, China, is the dirtiest city in tha
Wolves annually devour Russian domestic animals worth $6,000,000.
Italy gets $100,000,000 a year from tourists.
California's orange crop will fill 7,000
A Cracow salt mine has been worked 000
Mexico exports $70,000,000 of gold and
silver annually,
Philadelphia h ui the first insurance company in America.
Africa is now the best foreign market for
American cotton goods.
The Russian authorities have forbidden
the publication of marriage offers in the
One-cent pieces a'e being introduced iu
Oakland, Cal., for the first time. The
smallest legal tender formerly used was fivo-
cenl pieces.
The area of the United Statu exclusive of
Alaska 1(3,000,000 square miles. Over UU)
surveyors arc now employed in surveying
and preparing maps of the country, and
about one-fifth of the whole area hus already
been survey al during the ten yean In which
the work hai been In progress,
The Masher's Mistake,
An old gentleman with a very bald head
once entered a restaurant and ordered dinner. After dinner, feeling very tired, he
fell asleep, his head rusting on the table.
The waiter, thinking to have some fun
with the customer, covered hii body with
newspapers, nothing being visible but his
bald head, whicli looked very curious.
Presently a masher came In, looked at tho
bald head, and.laid : " Waiter, is my turtle
soup ready'.'"
" No," said the waiter, " it is not quito
ready yet."
" Oh, it doesn't matter," said the masher
(getting a fork and sticking it into the old
man's head), "111 commence with this
A Pleasant Invitation.
Old Soak���" Hers isau invitation I luvs
just received, but 1 don't know what P.. S.
V. P. in tho comer means ; do you !"
Tom Gin���" Ves. Rum served very
Old Soak (excitedly)���" Here, waiter,
quick, my hat, and call a cab.'1 TROUT
.-��� LAKE
The above town site is now on the market, and lots are being
rapidly bought up by local parties. It is situated at the north end of
Trout Lake, in the famous
which is going to be one of the RICHEST MINING REGIONS in
America. NUMEROUS RICH CLAIMS have been found close to this
town site, which will make it the DISTRIBUTING POINT for an
IMMENSE TRACT OP COUNTRY. It is the only level land at the
north end of the lake. The owners intend to expend money on streets
and other improvements in the Spring. The trail from Lardeau City,
on Arrow Lake, to Kootenay Lake, runs through the town site. For
the NEXT THIRTY DAYS corners will be sold at $150 and insides
Por further particulars apply to
at the Head Office, Nelson, B.C., or to
Local Agent,


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