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The Kootenay Star May 27, 1893

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Array eije fuwiaiqj piot
VOL. IV.
REVELSTOKE, WEST KOOTENAY, B.C., MAY 27, 1893,
No, 60.
WANTED,
A GIRL to work tot a private
family.���Apply to GeuiiUe Bros.,
tappen Siding. M13-8
WANTED,
SALESMEN, local ami travelling,
to represent our Well-known house,
You need no capital to represent a
Arm tbat warrants nursery stock first-
class and true to name. Work all the
year; $100 per month to tbe right
ihan.���Apply quick, stating age, to
L. L. M ay k Co., Nurserymen, Florists
and Seedsmen, St. l'aul, Mifm. Tbis
bouse is responsible.
NOTICE.
A Court of Assize, Nisi Pi-itis, Oyer
Ud Terminer and GtnJeral Gaol Delivery will be held At tbe Town of
Nelson, in the County ot Kootenay, on
Tuesday, tho 80th day of May, W*8.
By Command,
A. CAMPBELL REDDlE,
Deputy Provincial Secretary,
ho\keiai Stwfttary's OSoe,.
28th April, 1899'.
,i.;,'a\\^a
NOTICE,
A Court of Assize, Nisi Prius, Oyer
Slid Terminer and General Gaol De-
Svery will be Mi at the Town of
Kaslo, in the County of Kootonay, on
Friday, the 2nd dny of June, 1893.
By Commafi*},
A. CAMPBELL REDDIE,
Deputy Provincial Secretary,
frovincial Secretary's Office,
88th April, 1899.
Nakusp & Sloean  Bailway
Company.
SOT ICE.
Sealed tenders will be received up
to noon on Wednesday, the 7th June
ftext, addressed to the undersigned,
eare Messrs. Wulffsohn & Bewicke,
Ltd., Bankers, Vancouver, B.C., for
the construction of this Company's
Bailway from Nakusp to Forks ot
Can-enter Greek.
Forms of tender can be obtained on
application to the undersigned at the
Company's office, Victoria, B.C., and
at the office of Messrs. Wulffschn k
Bewicke, Ltd., Vancouver, and no
tender will be considered unless made
on suoh form.
The lowest or any tender will not
necessarily be accepted.
A. J. WEAVER BRIDGMAN,
Rflprflfcflrv
Victoria, B.C., May 8th, 1898.
THE
Revelstoke Pharmacy
18 NOW OPEN
to the Public of Eevelstoke and the
surrounding distriot with a
complete Stock ol
DRUGS, CHEMICALS,
PATENT MEDICINES,
TOILET k OTHER ARTICLES
PERTAINING TO THE TRADE.
THE
MADDEN HOUSE,
NAKUSP,
HTJOH MADDEN, Prop'r.
Beautifully situated on the Lake
shore at the entrance to the best and
shortest road to the Sloean mines and
New Denver, The best fishing and
hunting in the district, with grand
boating and sketching facilities for
tourists and artists.
LOCAL NEWS,
Nelson assizes next Tuesday. Kaslo's
first assizes will be held on Friday.
Mr. W. R. Hull, from Calgary, and
Mr. J. R. Hull, from Kamloops, arrived
in town last night.
Judge Spink spent two or three days
in town this week, being on the circuit
of Connty Court duties.
Mrs. G. H. Williams, of Kaslo, has
been visiting friends here dnring the
woek, acoompanietl by her son.
Tho petition for the wagon road from
Lardean to Trout Lake has recoived
over 250 signatures in three days,
The annual meeting of shareholders of
the 0. k K. Nav, Co. will be held at the
company's office, Revelstoke, on Thursday next,
An important budget of news from
Thomson s Landing, which arrived last
night, is held over till next week for
want of room.
Mrs. Howson, wife of Mr. R. Howson,
*ho has been dangerously ill at Elk*
born, Man,, is so far reoovered as to be
able to go ont doors,
Mr. Mara, M.P., was among the visitors in Revelstoke on the 24th, and left
for down rive** ports nest morning, returning here yesterday.
Mr. Justice Walkem arrived in town
Thursday morning. He will preside at
the Nelson and Kaslo assizes on Tuesday
and Friday respectively.
A new arrival was welcomed at the
Sentral Hotel last Snnday evening. It
is Mr. and Mm. Okas. Abrahamson's
first, and is a good-sized boy,
Mr. Hr. Croft, M.P.P. for Cowicban
and son-in-law of the late Hon. Robert
Dnnsmuir, arrived np on Wednesday's
boat, and left for the coast same night.
The Rev. F. Tolland will oondnot
Churoh of England services in the
schoolroom to-morrow. Morning at 11;
evening at 7.80. Holy Communion at
morning service.
Mr. J. Fleger, an employe of Revelstoke Lumber Co., will leave with his
family in abont a week for New Westminster, where he intends going into
the milk business.
Mr. G. B. Neagle, owner of Lardo
townsite on Kootenay Lake, has been in
town for several days, and was a generous contributor to the fnnd for tbe
Queen's Birthday sports.
Tbe charges on all freight for Hall's
Landing, Naknsp, Fire Valley and other
non-agency points must be prepaid or
guaranteed before it will be received on
board the C. k K. N. Co.'a steamers.
Mr. Joseph Hunter, M.r.P., Buperin-
tendent of the Esquimau k Nanaimo
Railway and son-in-law of the late Hon.
John Robson, came np on the Lytton
Wednesday, and left for the coast the
same evening.
The excursion to Nakusp on Dominion
Day is looked forward to with great
interest by all who went last year. A
large party will be taken up at Hall's
Landing from Lardeau, Thomson's and
Trout Lake City.
Mr. Stewart, a student from Queen's
College, Kingston, who has filled tbe
Presbyterian pulpit here for the past
three weeks, left on Wednesday evening
for Fairview, to whioh mission field he
has been appointed.
The strs. Lytton and Kootenai arrived
up on Wednesday, the former bringing
among her passengers several families
of American settlers for Alberta. Eaoh
family brings in live stock, implements
and household furniture.
The Rev. Dr. Carman preached an
eloquent sermon in the Methodist chnrch
on Wednesday evening to a large congregation. He will give a leoture in
tbe ohuroh next Wednesday evening at
8 o'clock. Subject-" Trade and get
riob."
Mr. Thos. Lewis will conduct servioe
in tbe Presbyterian churoh to-morrow
at 7.30. p.m.; Sabbath school at 2.30.
Mr. Gilmour, a stndent missionary, will
fill the pulpit on alternate Sundays.
The church session will supply tbe
remaining services.
Tbe body of Brakesman Pusbee, who
was drowsed with Steve Wbyte in the
Seabird Bluff accident, was picked up
by the crew of the str. Irving last Sunday in tbe Fraser River opposite New
Westminster, An inquest was held and
a verdict of "Accidental drowning" was
returned.
Rev. O. Ladner will preach farewell
sermons in the Methodist church tomorrow, morning at 10.30, evening at
7.30. Mr. Ladner will leave for his
new station at Cbilliwack on Mouday or
Tuesday evening. A minister from the
east will take the Revelstoke charge
vacated by Mr. Ladner.
SLOCAN TRADING AND NAVIGATION
CO., LIMITED.
Steamer "W. MCNTER,"
Cf. li,- Estabwoks, Master.
Until further notice will leave New
Denver Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays at 1 p.m, for Head ok Lake.
Tuesday b, Thursdays and Fridays leave
New Deuveis for Four Mile City at 6
a.m. Returning, leaves New Denver at
7 a.m. for Head of Lake.
Leaves Head nr Lake evety evening
(Sunday excepted) for New Denver tit
5 p.m.
The Bar is supplied with the
Best brands of wines.liquor s
and cigars.
The accommodations of the Hotel are
of the best.
CENTRAL HOTEL.
ABRAHAMSON BROS., Plop's.
Firstt class Table, -rood Beds,
Telephone.
ON TRIAL POR 00 DAYS.
The flnort, completes* and Intott line or Elaf-
trteavlarol'Mcan In the world. They have nevet
(tiled to cure. We&resoposttlTeotit that wo
will back our ba**lef and need jomu y Elrrtrlcal
Appliance now in the market and you oac try it
lor Three Montha. Larftat list ef Uatlwonlalt
on earth. Send (or book and joartal tne.
W. T. Baer Ic Co., *W.nd��or, Ont.
Mr. Saunders, a rancher at the head
of the Northeast Arm and adjoining the
Lardean townsite, spent tho 24th in
town, He speaks very highly of the
projects of tbe Gateway City anil the
limitless resontces of Iho adjoining
;rv    The timber there is of thr
FIRE-VROOF SAFE.       finest quality and plentiful, tho
���BUS MEETS ALL TRAINS AND
BTEAMpS.
mnd
rioh ft" fruit aud ve *etal la growing
and the tributary mineral wealth second
to ijrue on the continent.
Mr. Tbos. Collins, ex-mayor of Port-
ago la Prairie and the founder of the
Portage Review, the first Manitoba
paper vest of Winnipeg, has taken
charge of the Kamloops Sentinel.
Roman Catholic services will be held
at Mr. J. Foley's house tomorrow at
10.80 a.m. Mass and sermon by the
newly-appointed pastor, tbe Rev. Father
Joseph Aceorsine, whose headquarters
are at Donald,
"Rocky Mountain Echoes" is tbe title
of a small newspaper published at Banff,
the Canadian National Park, the first
number of which has just oome to hand.
It will be illustrated with the choicest
views to be obtained in the Rookies and
Selkirks, and will bave a good circulation throughout the Province.
We published an artiole last week on
tbe practical jokers at the station and
mentioning a certain J-P. as being concerned in tbe removal and breakage of
Mr. MoNeil's sign on tbe night of Sunday, tbe 14th. The gentleman referred
to assures us that he had nothing to do
with the affair. Therefore we publish
this retraction,
At Revelstoke County Court on Tuesday, before Judge Spink, the case of
Cowan vs. Thomas, for lumber supplied,
was adjourned to the next court at the
request of the defendant, who bears the
costs of tbe adjournment, In the oase
of Coursier vs. Cosby, for goods supplied, a verdict was given for plaintiff
for the full amount claimed.
Mr. H. J. Woodside, late editor of the
Manitoba Liberal and now representing
the Western World and Commercial of
Winnipeg and the Dominion Illustrated
of Montreal, was in town yesterday. He
has been to the coast with the Northwest Press excursion, and left on the
Lytton for the lower oountry tbis morning. He is engaged in writing up West
Kootenay.
Merohants, prospectors aud others at
Nelson who wish to reaoh the Lardeau
mines by tbe oheapest and shortest route
should note the following; Mr. Wballey,
late of the Miner, arrived at Trout Lake
City at 6 o'olook Monday evening.having
left Nelson at 8 p.m. the previous day.
This is less than half the time taken by
the Kaslo route, and only 12 miles of
trail against 85 via Kaslo.
Mr. Brown, of the Union Hotel, is the
owner of a nicely matched pair of ponies,
and was greatly surprised one morning
this week on going to the stable to find
a third animal there���a cayuse colt. It
bad been foaled dnring tbe night by one
of tbe ponies. It was not a beauty, the
ears being enormously developed. The
owner, it is stated, was so chagrined at
sight of the monstrosity that he at once
knocked it on the head.
Mr. Tan Home, who is on a tour of
inspection over the 0. P. R��� passed
through for tbe coast in his special train
on Tuesday. He is expected to return
here this morning for a trip down river,
acquainting himself with the proposed
route of the Revelstoke k Arrow Lake
and tbe Nakusp k Sloean Railways, and
will make a journey to the Crow's Nest
Pass. It is also expected tbat tbe plan
of the townsite at Revelstoke station will
be submitted for his approval.
Mr. Edward Adair, of Hall's Landing,
accompanied by bis eldest daughter,
arrived up on Monday. He reports that
planting is finished and everything is
growing so rapidly that there is no
doubt of heavy crops tbis year. The
people there oomplaiu of great inoon-
venience through tho laok of a post-
office, A number of ttioBe bound for tbe
Lardean get off at Ball's Landing, and
a hotel would pay very well during tbe
Bummer months. Mrs. Moxley and the
newly-arrived Master Moxley are both
doing well, Mrs, Adair having been a
most careful nurse. Miss Adair will
spend tbe Bummer in Revelstoke.
Under the headiug of " Musgrove
Nearly Nabbed " tbo Kaslo Claim says
"Mark W.Musgrove, the former pro-
propriotor of tbe Kaulo Slooan Examiner,
was about to skip the country, after
selling his interest in the paper, without
paying any of his numerous debts. He
was compelled to fork ont $60 for board
at a hotel, a warrant lor bis arreBt being
in the bands of Constable Graham. He
got clear off without paying any other
account, and a loud cry went up from
Musgrove's creditors when his absenoe
was discovered. He must have owed a
half dozen bills, and having jubi sold
bis interest in the Examiner hy had a
nice roll in his pocket, and wus well
able to pay." This young man Musgrove ropresents a olass of men who
come here .from the other sido of tbo
boundary with no intention of stopping
hore nnd ;io dflBiro for tho permanent
welfare of the : nnti". Thoir ouly Kin-
is to scoop iu all tho dollars thoy can
aud than " git."
NAKU8I* ITEMS.
[jTHOM OVX OWN eoitREBPONDE***. ]
Nakusp, May 28rd.
Although the actual oonstrnotion of
the Nakusp k Slocau Railway has not
yet oommenced other affairs an moving
briskly, Quite a number of people of
note are coming in and remaining, snd
within tbe last few days there has been
great activity in real estate, lots selling
from s}100 to* 8450 eaoh, four days' tales
aggregating $5,000. The prinoipal busi��
ness done has been mostly in Sloean
Avenue, Broadway, Fine and Lake Avenue lots.
Mr. DeLong has opened tbe blacksmith tbop after having bad it lengthened, and now the merry olink of bis
hammer is beard all day long. The
"spreading ohestntit tree would be an
obstaole to the ever-increasing traffic at
tbis point, so that Longfellow's ideal
would not do for Nakusp. Mr. DeLong
seems to be busy all the time. No doubt
other trades will toon find profitable
employment here.
Enterprising buiiness men are always
finding new and profitable channels for
investment. Mr. Jno. Walsh will fill a
long-felt want by starting an express ae
well as passenger service between Naknsp and New Denver. He is now prepared to oarry express matter, including
perishable articles,
Mr. H. Cameron, a lawyer of Vancouver, has been here some days looking
up the Slooan oountry as a field for investment. It is probable tbat he will
locate and practice either at Nakusp or
New Denver. He is favorably impressed
with Slooan Avenne as a site for his
office.
A large amount of money hat been
subscribed for tomorrow's celebration.
It was not originally intended to have a
very elaborate display, but the money
rolled in almost unsolicited, and it has
been determined to have something on
a large scale.
Everyone here is looking forward tn ���
grand celebration on Dominion Day,
when the excursionists from Revelstoke
and other towns will receive a cordial
welcome,
The Leland Hotel ia now ready for
business. The addition to the Madden
House is completed. A large addition
to tbe Hotel Nakusp it to be commenced
forthwith,
Mr. D. McGillivray, C.P.R. contractor
from Vancouver, was in town yesterday
and left on this morning's boat for the
lower oountry.
The new C.P.R. time table comes into
effeot next Thursday. Tbe change will
be very inconvenient for Revelstoke.
The train from the west will arrive at
4,20 a.m.; from the east at 9.80 p.m.
Hon. John G. Haggart, Minister of
Railways, was in Revelstoke on Wednesday and went down river Thursday
morning to take in tbe Kootenay mining
oountry. The great object of bis visit
to the Far West is to inspeot the Crow's
Nest Pass, through whioh tbe O. P. R.
and other railways will reaoh Lower
Kootenay.
Columbia &  Kootenay Steam
Navigation Co.
NOTICE T0J5HIPPEBS.
Hereafter all freight for Hall's Landing,
Nakusp, Fire Valley and other non-agency
points must be prepaid or guaranteed before it will be received on board of this
company's steamers at Revelstoke.
Ja W. Troup, Manager.
Revelstoke, May llth, 1893.
W. A. JOWETT,
MINING AND REAL ESTATE BROKER,
NELSON, B.C.
Lardean and Slocau Prospects
Wanted.
COLUMBIA    &    KOOTENAIf
STEAM NAVIGATION CO.
NOTICE.
THE ANNUAL MEETING of tht*
Shareholders of the Colombia k Kootenay Steam Navigation Co. will be held*!
at the Company's office, Revelstoke, om
TriUKspAV, June 1st, at 11 a.m.
F. G, CHRISTIE,
Seoretary.
Revektoke, May 15th, 1898.
EDWARD LIPSETT,
Sail, Tent and Awning Maker.
HORSE & WAGON COVERS,
Bags, Hammocks, ko.
WATERPROOF BLANKETS & COVERS
TENTS FOB SALE & TO RENT.
60 WATER STREET,
VANCOUVER,   B.C.
Queen's Birthday Sports.
Owing to press of business matters'
this year tbe celebration of the 24tti was*
not inch a great event at laat year, when
nearly 8300 was subscribed by residents1
of the lower town and station. Nothing:
had been done in tbe matter nntil Wednesday morning, when Mr, Mclntosh-
went around with a subscription list and*
gathered in over $50. Other gifts later
on swelled tbe amount to nearly 880,
and with this sum tbe oommittee started:
tbe sports abont three o'clock, Mr. J.
Kirkup filling his old position as judge,.
while Mr. Northey acted as seoretary*
and starter. The weather was perfect,,
and could not be improved upon, attracting a large number of ladies to the*
scene. Tbe first event was 100 yards'"
race for boys, whioh was won by Willie*
Leplant, Frank Brown being second.
In tbe open 100 yards' dash E. Shaw*
won easily, G. Barber coming in nextr
W. Fleming, wbo wonld have been *
dangerons competitor, fell at tbe half
distance and was oat of tbe race. The*
running hop, stop and jump was woo
by G. Barber, with F. Fraser seoond.
The same two captured first and second
respectively in the standing long jump.
First honors io tbe standing long jump
with weights fell to Fred Moore, with"
Barber second. In tbe three-legged
race Barber and Moore came in first,
followed by Fraser and Sbaw. Fleming;
and Stewart fell, raising a big laugh and
a lot of dust. In patting tbe 161b. shot-
Dave Cowan proved the victor with ��
throw of 35ft. Sin., Barber being next
with 81ft. 6in. Tbe Chinamen's race
oausod some fan, the Celestials' pigtails-
sticking out behind like the handle of ���
pomp. The winner was Bi Lo Jack*
Game, Hop Lee Hung Hi being a good
second, A match between F. Fraser
and E. Shaw, 100 yards' dasb, was won
by Shaw in excellent style. There were>
fonr entries for tbe half-mile open race,
with ��� torn-Q. Barber, F. Fraser, F,
Moore aad E, Shew, Bete wen laid oo
Shaw, who is tbe best man we bave for
any distance below 500 yards, bnt needs'
a lot of practice to become a stayer,
Fraser took the lead at tbe start, and
kept it to the distance, turning tbe posfc
several yards ahead of the next man and
quite 100 yards ahead of Sbaw, who was*
last. On the home stretch Shaw spurted
well and easily passed Moore and Barber, but he bad more than he bargained
for in Fa-aser, who kept pegging away
at bis best pace right up to the winning;
line, which be touobed 12 or H yards in
advance of Shaw, who consequently had
to be content with seoond prize. If
Shaw had not been pumped he would
undoubtedly have passed Fraser, but ae
it was bad there been another 106 yards
to go Fraser would bave increased the
gap between them. Shaw's style was*
very muoh admired. Several children's!
races followed. Ella Paton aod Willie
Beavo secured first prizes, and Al aster
Jack Riobardsoo, a tot of four years,
captured a prize in admirable style.
In the pony raoe Mr. J. I. Woodrow'e
������Birdie'*' (W. Fleming) was first, wills
Mr. D. Robinson's "Jim" (J. Nelson)
second. The latter was a little too fat*
for making quick time. Mr. F. Mo-
Carty's cream-colored horse was matched
against Mr. W. Cowan's grey. Thu
former won two heats ont of three and
took first money.
In the evening a pool tournament waa
played at the Viotoria Hotel. Thero
were six entries;���S. Bickerton, E. J,
Francis, F. Eraser, W. Cowan, J. Mcintosh and W. Cassoe, In tbe first
round Bickerton defeated Cassoe, Cowan
defeated Mcintosh, Franois defeated
Fraser. In the final draw Cowan defeated Franois aud beaded the table
against tiiokerton, whose hopes wero
destroyed by the skilful play of Cowan,
leaving Frauds and Bickerton handling
cues for second prize, the game ending
in favor of Franois. It was the gem rat
opinion of experts present tbat the play
throughout was tbe finest exhibition of
pool over seen in Revelstoke. Mr. G,
Holton acted as empire.
R. H. RAMSEY,
House Painter, Paper-
hanger and Grainer.
REVELSTOKE, B.C.
WORK DONE WITH NEATNESS
AND DISPATCH.
HULL BROS.
KEVELSTOKE.
B V TC HERS
AND   WH0MSA1S   AND   RKTAII,  DEALERS
IN
BEE*, VOBtt, Etc.
A. H, HOLDICH,
Assayer and Analytical Chemist,
REVELSTOKE,    B.C,
Special experience in coal, coke, iron,
ferro - manganese, steel, silver, copper,
lead ami zinc.
Stockholm House
JOHN STONE, Prop.
The THninn-rooin is furnished with th#
bett Mi-.) market affords,
The bar is supplied wilb a choice stool
Ot WUlW^IMalai aaiaaa v)^~��.
��i  li,jJ��V
M ������* ft  nemaiMUie uneniai cxpentj.iutj,
A TiiniLLixfi S'ronv of Ciiimksi* TitEAcm'.riY
CHAPTER XXI.
Tho remaining narrative lies in the hands
of Herbert Vanseombe:
Startled as I was by the appearance ot
the wasted frame anil the drawn features of
tho man born by Chin-chin-wa, I wai yet
more startled by Chin-chin-wa's words;
and looking hack upon the incidents of that
day, it seems to me aa though part had been
f.s a dream, for my mind, I think, was ouly
half conscious tor some moments of thc
sensations which overcame mo.
"I do not know," Chin-chin-wa had
said.
1 heard the words, and yet did not seem
to hear. Could it be possible that thero was
any doubt ?
Could It be that he had used the power
of Ills pardon in vain ; that there were oth-
cm besides William Norris confined within
the temple?
1 hail spoken tho question more in the
agony of my mind ihan in expectation of a
reply, and the reply had been, "1 do not
know."
Kven as thought Hashed across;ny mind
in a tissue of confused ideas, Chin-chin-wa
seemed to recover himself. Thecrowd around
us pressed curiously, and, indeed, thc Incident was one whicli might well arouse their
curiosity.
" We have still lime I" he cried, pushing
onwards, as he spoko, to tho palanquins,
whose bearers at his command hastened to
their posts. An acute paiu went through
my heart.
Everything was clearly recalled to me
now ; it was a time to act, not to delay, for
every instant the sun was mounting higher
ill thc heavens, and every instant nearer
and nearer drew lhe hour of noon.
And wc were still far from the Tungchow
gate.
All that I have endeavored to describe
minutely, had taken place so rapidly that
in a few seconds from his exit from the temple Chin-ohin-wa had placed his burden
silently within his palanquin, which was
now raised aloft. Chin-chin-wa turned to
me, pointing to the second palanquin, which
still lay on the ground.
I understood and obeyed. To Chln-ohin-
wa the terrible heat of noon was a3 nothing, from long custom ; ior me it was a
thing to avoid.
I took my scat; the others had preceded
me, nnd, with a number of the crowd following in their train were trovingata sharp
trot over the dusty and nneven ground.
Chin-chin-wa with long steps kept even
with the palanquin, with an easy and swinging stride.
For a moment it seemed lo me that I was
now by some freak of fortune to be left behind at the last ; but as I half conceived
the thought, I felt myself raised in the air,
and knew a second after that my bearers
were carrying me onward as rapidly as those
who went before.
All now depended upon haste. Well did
I know this; and I could hear Chin-chin-
wa's voice urging on the men who bore him
whom he had saved, and calling upon them,
as I judged, to expend tbe full measure of
their strength.
A I'ekin palanquin is a heavy thing.
Unlike the chairs of Canton or Fooehow, it
is weighty and cumbersome, and more suited to slow and dignified progression than to
anything of tho nature of haste.
The mandarin of Fekin is expected to exhibit full dignity when he appears in his
palanquin in lhc streets; and we had taken
upon ourselves to enact tho part of mandarins prior to Chin-chin-wa's entrance to
the Temple of Confucius.
Now all was changed, for there was indeed every necessity to cast aside lethargic
movement, and to hasten onward ; for tho
Tungchow gate was yet some distance off,
and lhe hour of noon was near at hand.
But although to us haste was of thc most
important issue, it was not so with the
bearers of the palanquin,and my heart ached
in a wild rebellion as we moved onward at
a pace which, moderately fast, yet seemed
like tlie snail's to me,
Should we reach the gate in time': That
question was now uppermost in my mind,
and a vague prayer went up from my heart
to the skies, where the sun still moved onward, every instant bringiug us nearer to
our doom.
I have said our doom, for it seemed to
me then that my late was bound up w:*h
Chin-cluii-wa's; if he fell, I too wouid tail
by his side ; if need be, I would resist tne
enemy side by ode with him, and, standing
together, we should be overpowered and
foully killed, whilst U illiam Norris i ild
also share our fate. But the occasion iiad
nit as yet arisen, for we were no! ; lost :
and still we moved onward, Wti
clouds of dust surrounded ns so that I
could hardly distinguish the palai
fn i' or the tail form of Chin-chin-wa.
'lime���yes, too much timo���was given to
me now to think. F.ven on the verge ol a
precipice, my mind turned back upon whal
had been, to question vaguely. Was thi'
���trango, wasted man Indeed I - V .rr i
whom we sought | or had Chin-ohin-wa
made some mistake, and borne tne wrong
man from the lonfines  of the temple wall 1
And if indeed it were William Norris,
was he dead '���for his face had hung back
lilelessly, and one foot, had been rod with
blood.
Through what had lhe   wrotohed
passed?   What had Chin-chin-wa teen and
Known within the temple? Had we, or h id
we not done all in vain ?
I looked at my watch : the hour was closo
ai hand. I could not toll, for the lust,
whether we had approached near to our
dest.nation, but 1 feared that there waa yet
a long way to be traversed.
I sat thus with my Watflll in mv hand,
whilst, thc palanquin swayed and jolted onward, for some minutes I should think,
when of a sudden I perceived that, Chin-
chin-wa had fallen behind and was beside
me.
I knew that the end was near.
" What ia It?" I asked, as hc moved
on foot hy my side, whilst I bent forward
as well as 1 was able, to do, since, the palanquin jerked from sido to side.
"The time is near," came hia reply,
" The crowd who still follow us will Boon
know the truth. Noon is almost, upon UB,
and wo shall not bc in time."
" What is to he done?" I queBtiona 1
hurriedly.
"Will you run':'' was his rejoinder.
" Ves," I answered, something of lhe old
Hi     ipirit coming over mc oven thon,
"Then dismount quickly. Shan-min-yuen
has carried out his threat; ths crowd be,
hind, which you can not soo, is not large-
but some of his men are amongst them. I
am tracked down, watched on all sides.
The)' havo followed us all the morning. I
saw thom when I left thc temple ; they
must have followed before. Quick I���it is
our only chance. We must run."
All this was so rapid that scarcely a moment was lost.
" liut what of Norris ?" 1 cried, as my
palanquin, atChin-ohin-wa's command, was
instantly lowered upon the ground.
"We have not far to go," was the quick
reply.   " I shall save that man. Como l"
And at thc word he setoff at full speed ;
and I casting a glance over my shoulder,
girt my Chineso garments, as well as 1 was
able, about mo and immediately followed.
As I did so, I began to rcali/.o tho task
which I had undertaken, fori could understand now, why on the heavy, thickly
laden road thc bearers had failed to pro.
gl'OSS as we would have them to do.
Chin-eliin-wa was right; wc wero followed.
The crowd which had formerly collected
round us was well-nigh scattered, and had
fallen away ; hut 1 perceived at a glance
that there was a nuinber of men, who keeping some distance behind, and apparently
forming as it was part of a curious crowd,
wcre yet far mora likely to be the followers
and dependentsof Shan-min-yuen than others
merely impelled by curiosity to follow us so
fur off.
It must be understood that we were not
in unfrequented places ; that our progress
at an unusual rate was already sullicient to
attract attention ; and that in passing carts
and camels and many conveyances our way
had never, from the time of leaving the temple, been uninterrupted, although in the great
width of the streets it is seldom trouble-
somo to avoid the numerous vehicles which
form the traffic of such a city as Pekin.
liut although many had turned to gaze
upon us and to follow Chin-ohin-wa with
tho eye till duly satisfied that nothing was
to be gained, in that wo had now passed on
few had added their numbers to those who
followed us, and those who had done so
must have been impelled more by that feeling which impels overy one to join in a
crowd, rather than from curiosity as to
what we were about to do.
A few had kept steadfastly behind, and
those, as I now understood, wcre tlie followers of Shan-min-yuen, and others whom
their presence served to retain.
For the rest, there was nothing terribly
exciting in the headlong career of two mandarin palanquins ; and thc atmosphere of
I'ekin at. this time of the year is not Biich
as to call into energy the latent curiosity
of those who pass along roads dust-laden
indeed ; with the overpowering heat of the
sun beating upon their heads.
Now that we wcre leaving our palanquins
the case was altered, for the spectacle presented by two men, richly dressed in mandarin garb, flying on foot through clouds of
dust stirred by their every step, must be
such as to attract popular attention iu a
very marked degree.
'I'llia was the first difficulty. The second
was William Norris, or the other man whom
we had secured as being William Norris.
Was he to be left to follow in the palanquin
where he now lay ?
As I rapidly questioned myself upon this
point.wiulst I started upon a race who;e
length I did not yet know���a race for life,
���it against death���I saw that Chin-chin-wa
had made up upon the first palanquin, and
that its bearer had already lowered it upou
the ground.
I am unable clearly to convey the rapidity
of all that now occurred.
Chin-chin-wa who had been some
yards in advance of me had stopped
the palanquin. I was instantly by
its sido; he shouted out to mo "On,
on! I shall be after you"; and I did
as he directed, knewiag that he was more
fleet of foot than I, and that every moment
mils', be saved on my part, and every effort
expended to attain to anythingof thc nature
of speed upon the Fekin roads. For the
rest, perhaps, I knew that all lay in his
hands: that he must guide, not I. al this
time, and I did not hesitate a moment, but
passed him without looking lack, and continued to run as quickly aa lay within my
pjwer along the road whicli lay before
me.
Some moments must have passed whilst I
ran tnua, conscious that danger was every
moi eut r.ming more near ns���for something told me that, aa we went, we were
w I tally purtued,���when 1 heard hard
breathing behind n-,e, and knew that Chin-
chin-wa wai overtaking me, and would
shortly take the leaI, Perhaps tins thought
ced me unconsciously to slaoken
tpee I, for i second or two later he was by
my aide, and then, withoul > word, ><.ok a
place in froi        -   hul a little to one side.
My Byes, which   had   been   fixed   ahead
oil   tho determination ilia' onr goal musl j
be reached, turns 1 toward him ; as they did '
so. a great wave ol emotion, of admiration,
of manly love      I I   ' whal j   . 1
lor I saw instantly  '.''.���   cau." ol
va'ithor aad har I hreatl
Hi   ee carrying In ins am   the
tha   ���   "     '   a had brought I
temp ", in I yet, noU i tha tan lin
l.y step with mv (nil ipeed whioh n .��� now
called upon in the hour of need
As I saw this,  and   as   iny   - .
grasped the truth of Un m'a im    >
heroism appaient now, wnen ever. ���, ,mi nl
might savo hii life   h heroism whii     was
virtually sacrificing that life for  .
sake ��� I felt a toni h  oi hia  ii m   -
. nter mo, and nerve mc to fn lh exei ioi
for   if   Chin-chin-w��   could    d      thia
thing,   surely   f   too   might,   .    lean
succeed     in     keeping    by     hi*
Shouts had arisen behind us   shoe
were explained  to me in the aftei        ...
Chin-chin-wa, lor they meant th i,     I base
him to thc gates,  and  kill the exile Who
can" ; and, as I heard the cry, \ /,
thc hour of noon had oome, an I th    I hii
chin-wa'a life w is no longer his own.
still wo out-distanced those who followed, and some who turned al the cry had not
time to step in front of us, before wc had
passed and left thorn to jo n In tho,
tor in tic traffio, greater it we nearod the
gate, thoro wn a c 'nam safety for 11, in
I.'nt, llc.se  who were  lur In front   did  nol
perceive us, or grasp tho moaning ol the ory
behind, until wc were  near,   and   the gato
was now closo at. hand.
a yarn m iron! ol me j i a little to one side
behind him on the left.
For a second or two we passed those who
turned at the cries from behind.
Suddenly danger in iis greatest form
faced us; two men stood forth to hinder
us.
All my strength ro3e within me. " Fall
back I" I shouted desperately to Chin-chin-
wa, almost as we were upon them. Chin-
chin-wa, dropped a step, so that I passed,
and, wiih clenched list, I struck thom in
succession, with tho rapidity of a madman's
frenzy, full in the faco. Our speed did not
slacken : we passed on.
" The gate !" I shouted ; "on, on !"��� for
it was before us, and, as I perceived it, I
seemed to grasp, for the first time, what
Shan-min-yuen might have done.
The gate was open ; it might havo been
closed.
As my voice broke from mc, Chin-chin-
wa was again by my side ; the foot of the
man he carried just touched mc���happily
no more.
The gate was freo j the road almost clear.
All danger ,vas behind us, unless some
providence Intervened,
A great tumuli was behind us. My senses
seemed to leave inc. I seemed lo enter At
full speed into a dark pit; for the great
gateway contracted, so it Boomed lo mc, as
wc approached.
Darkness enveloped me,���and then-a
sudden light.
Wo had passed through the Tungchow
gate,
��� ��� a ���
Near tho Pekin gates the roads arc paved
on each side of the wall with huge slabs of
unevenly laid stone. Wc had passed over
these, and wcre still upon them, though
now outside tho walls.
When I knew that we were saved from the
greatest of all the perils through which we
had come, my strength, from the terrible,
strain placed upon it, completely left me,
and I half fell forwards; but Chin-chin-wa
saved me, for he had stopped, and half
loosening his grip upon tho man whose form
li? carried, he stretchod out his left arm and
gavo me a momentary support.
Notwithstanding, I half sank upon tho
ground. Those who had pursued us wero
upon us at this instant ; but I beard a loud
voice, as it were, giving a command above
me, as it had done in strangely similar circumstances once before, anil glancing upward upon Chin-chin-wa's face, I saw that
it was be who spoke.
Never shall I forget his face as I saw it
then, sot with the great beauty of an iron
strength which ailmits no weakness; and
yet I knew that the man was well nigh undone.
He was marble pale ; yet even now he
restrained the weakness which was upon
him, his lips did not quiver, and his breath
seemed to come as always, as though he had
suffered nothing in the trial of the race for
life or death.
He faced them���a groat crowd of bloodthirsty, maddened things ; for it is a terrible thing when the wolves are baulked of
their prey. Would they furiously disregard
his words ? No ; the command had power I
scarcely could believe; and that power
which protected him strangely protected
Norris and myself. He faced them���and his
command went forth to them to be obeyed,
for in bis hand he held his pardon,���his
life was onco again protected by tbe Imperial power.
Chin-chin-wa had loosened his hold upon
thc form which he had borne, As soon as I
was so far recovered, I rose and looked
around me.
Shan-min-yuen's attendants bad apparently disappeared, for the crowd kept back
at Chin-chin-wa's command; and then
gradually, so I imagined, must have come
questions from one to the other as to what
had heen the reason for the pursuit; and so
slowly they gathered in knots, and others
stood sti.l observing us; but danger, at
least for the present, was past.
Gradually I felt that my strength was returning to mc. Chin-chin-wa had not yet
moved, He continued standing, as though,
in this position, recalling thc bodily power
which must in some degree have left him,
even as it had left me. Thus some minutes
passed, whilst the crowd circled round us
inquiringly, and at last Chin-chin-wa spoke.
" We must move on," he said to me, "as
soon aa you are able. Thc ponies are not far
off. We must move from here. Shan-min-
yuen will not be long in setting out upon
the pursuit; they expected him at the
temple every moment."
"Rut," I said, "your pinion protects you
now 1"
"Not from Shan-min-yuen and his men,"
hc answered me quietly. " Do ynu think
hc will hesitate a moment in setting out on
our pursuit, at snch time as this ? Norris is
with us: that alone is enough. And if my
pardon e'en now was enough, I would not
use it:  I would meet him at man to man.''
I did not answer. I was endeavouring
lo recall my strength.
Perhaps I succeeded in some degree, and,
as in moments of intense excitement one
will sometimes do thc most trivial thing,
my next action was a Btrnnge ono ; for 1
lifted my Chinete garb, and looked at my
watch as it lay in a pouch I woro at iny
waist.
It wat exactly twelve minutei past the
hour of noon,
Chln-obin-wa had bent over Norris.
" He still lives,' heaaid, So he, too, it
now twined, had doubted aa I had done.
Then he Bought to raise the body in his
arms once m ire, " Come", hc said to mc,
" a little way ; courage"
Ife waa right; wc were not yet safe ; nnd
,f ht, liter the greater trial, could bear an-
other's body in his anna, what was 1 if I
should yield to my weakness?
i bin chin- i i   moved on :  I    made   an
(Fort, and followed him, and by tho lime
��� ��� reaa oed the inn whero the pouioa await-
a I at, in i hargo of tho old ourio-doaler, I
(i  ii [ wat ready (or froth exertion.
Inch of the crowd u had billowed us wc
now left upon the road, wiiilst we entered
the yard of the Chinese inn. Tho old man
expressed hit delight upon our arrival, in
ivonla to Ohlnohln-wa aud In gestures to
me j for he had feared that we wore lost,
since we had a little piSBod tllO appointed
hour, The ponltt were ready for Ut, and
little time waa tO DO loll
Onr Intention had been to ride to Tionttln
that ia I'i 11.', lo make tht whole jutirnoy
on hoisoba'k.
Nnw, aa I di oovered, all wat altered,
i im,  bin w. had rtotormlncd upon a better   plan,   and  yet 0110   whicli   prownted
ol ll i an I   difficulties  which wc should
havo lo ovoroouit -that of going by river to
fionl tin, "or future movements he laid be-
minutes before mounting tho ponieB, which
wcre ready for us at any moment.
It was evident, he thought, that. Shan,
inin-yuen would give early pursuit, because
he had been expected at the toniple ; and on
his arrival there he would discover thc absence of bis captive, and, whether his mind
had or had not connected our visit to Pekin
with Norris's existence, he would surely at
this time come to see the truth.
His attendants, meantime, would return
to say that they bad pursued Chin-chin-wa,
the oxile, through thc streets, accompanied
aa ho was by his English friend, and that
as hc went in front of thcni he had carried
another man���a man whom he had brought
from the Temple of Confucius.
Certainly, with this information, Shan-
mi n-yuen would quickly discern tho truth.
Our position, then, was fraught with
danger. Littic or no time had been lost as
yet, because the delay had been counterbalanced in a measure by tho great haste in
which we had left thc cily, but it now became an urgent necessity to push on at once ;
and here it proved to be well indeed that
Chin-chin-wa had fixed upon the Tungchow
gale, for it was nearest to the river, und
tho river wc must now strive to gain.
Willi heavy payments w" should induce
tho sailors to maintain an unusual speed,
and by this means we should best bc able to
gain safety, for Norris in his present condition would be unable to ride upon horseback
unless held firmly in his seat.
This was to bo our task to Tungchow���
a distance sufficiently long for such a
trial.
Brielly and clearly Chin-chin-wa placed
his plans before inc.
Nonis���if it wcre Norris, as I still doubted���was now weakly conscious, for tlio
groat shaking which his frame must havo
endured whilst Chin-chin-wa carried him
over the uneven ground at full speed had
had a beneficial rather than an injurious
effect under the circumstances, and we knew
now with certainty that, though terribly
weakened, he still lived,
But it was no time to attempt to question
him.
Chin-ohin-wa poured a littlo samshu
down his throat. Fortunately he had a
small bottle, brought, by him in caso of need,
and both he and I also swallowed some of
this ; but, further, we treated Norris as a
dead tiling, dealing with him as if he wore
still unconscious ; for we had the power to
act/and from him it was totally gone.
We placed him upon one of the ponies
and tied him with ropes, as firmly as we
were able, to its back, in a position which,
whilst irksome, was necessary ; for wo could
givo him, as we rodo on either side, but
small support, as well we knew.
Chin-chin-wa then mounted his steed ; 1
did the same ; and thus leading thc third
pony between us on tlio one hand, and half
supporting the form it bore upon the other
we passed together out upon the road.
As we did so, the old Chinaman, our late
host in I'ekin, came after us, crying curiously in the Chinese way, as he ran by the side
of Chin-chin-wa.
Then I knew for the first time that the
old man must havo truly loved Chin-chin-
wa, and that they parted now aB they had
parted perhaps seventeen years ago, knowing that only by some freak of fato could
they  ever moot again.
A softer look than I had ever seen upon
Chin chin Wi foot* overspread it now.
He Bpoke some words ; I do not know
what thoy wcre, for I could not ask, but I
know that they were words worthy of Chin-
chin-wa, for us the old man beard tbem he
silently fell back.
From this moment our every effort was
speed, and our every endeavor was toward
that end. But even with speed, even given
that we reached the Feiho in good time,
and far in advance of those who would start
we anticipated, in the pursuit, there was
this possibility before us���wo might bc unable to secure a boat.
(to m* CONTINUED,)
In Spain the Duke of Veragua is popularly known as the best breeder of bulls foe
bull fights.
Lord Shannon, who before his succession
to the lilie served on a ranch in .Manitoba,
is now known ninong his friends as the
" Cowboy Peer."
The Baroness Burdctt-Coutts has been
preparing during thopostyear a report on,
the philanthropic work of British womeu
for tlie Chicago fair.
Miss Lucy Larbom, the poetess, who
died in Boston on Monday, wan 07 years of
age. She opent ten yearB ot her early lifo
aa an operative in the Lowell cotton mills.
One of the brightest members of the graduating class of the medical school of tha
University of Pennsylvania is John J.
France, a native African, born in Liberia
twenty-five years ago.
Fred Douglass is said to bc engaged in
negotiations for thc purchase of a fine property near Kaston, Md,, in the immediate
vicinity of his birthplace. Ho intends to
spend hit remaining days there.
Gov, Pottison, of Pennsylvania, has just
appointed five women as notaries public,
his Iirst nominations under the new law regarding that ollico. One of thom is Miss
Hills, manager of the Harrisbuig Telegram.
Tho Duke do Vcragur. is the thirteenth
in descent from Christopher Columbus.
His full name is Don Chriatobcl Colon de
Toledo de la Cerda y (Jante, Duke of Veragua, Marquis of Jamaica and Admiral and
Adelanlailo Mayor of tho Indica.
That curious and costly example of ecclesiastical floriculture, the ('olden Rose, will
this year be conferred upon thc Abbess-
Archduchess Margaret of Austi in niece of
the emperor. The abbess *vho is to bc honored with this crown of virtue is only 23.
Dr. Haffkine the bacteriologist, who has
been investigating cholera, writes from
India to the Russian papers that he has
conquered the disease by an inoculative
method which he will give to the world.
He regards his tests in Iudia as conclusive.
Ambassador Bayard is, in appearance,
the beau ideal of a statesman. Tall, handsome ami dignified, he is ono who attracts
attention wherever he goes. Mr. Bayard
has many personal friends in both parties
who know and value bim for his personal
qualities.
Prof. Kooh is said to have perfected his
anti-consumption romedy to a point where
hc can definitely claim results that were
prematurely announced tiiree years ago.
It is now in a form for inhalation, instead
of the lymph lhat was administered by the
injecting syringe, as at first.
D3ad��nine; Debt.
Tlie deadening nature of debt has been
shown time and again in the coal regions of
Eastern Pennsylvania, whero a miner sometimes works for ten years without receiving
any cash payment, because somo disaster
has brought him in debt to the company
store. The mineownerand miner share the
financial risks of mining, and it sometimes
happens that an accident will place beyond
tho miner's reach thousands of tons of coal
which he lias cut with months of labour,
but for which hc could not draw full pay
until it had been delivered at tho breaker.
While he was thus busied, lie lived upon
credit at llie company store, and the disaster left him deeply in debt, The effect
upon many men has beeu to make them
utterly indifferent to their future, and at
least one mine owner, recognizing the evil
results of such conditions, makes it a rule
to discharge a miner who is hopelessly in
dobt. The discharge clears his score, and
many mon thus relieved of their burdens
depart from tho coal regions with tlicir
little belongings to begin anew elsewhere,
armed with tho courage that hope alone can
give.���[Now Ycrk Sun.
A Pocket Telephone-
One ol the neatest articles that has recently been added lo the equipment of
somo of the Newcastle policemen is the
pocket telephone. It is handy and light,
consists of a combined mouthpiece and earpiece, has about a fool, or more of wiie
attached, and there is in addition an affixing pin and a small key. Tho apparatus is
lo be used by the ollioors in connection with
the lire lamps placod at various parts of the
city. Instead of breaking the pane of glass
iu ease of a firo breaking out in tho neigh-
liorhooil���as an ordinary individual would
do���the polico constable opens tho door
with his key, places the affixing pin in a
socket provided for it in the lamp, and is in
Immediate communication with thc fire
brigade. He can tell them in an instant
what the nature of tho conllagration is, and
what appliances arc likoly to bo required.
Tho pocket telephone, however, and the
lire lamps can bc Utilized for othor purposes.
Several students at Bethany, W. Va.,
saw that Buffalo Crock was covered with
nil, which had isBiicd from a woll several
miles almvo, in Pennsylvania, They set
fire to the oil, and booh the creek waB a
ahoot of flame. Whon tho fire had gone
out, the water was almost boiling. About
a hundred students waited for the creek to
cool, and then went in bathing.
An Impromptu Visitation-
"Come homo before aun-down, child."
Thc command, given in the sweet tone
which made a command always a loving
request, came floating back to mc across
the busy years.
" Ves, mother, I will," I said, and having given my promise, I hied away with
swift feet to tho litlle friend to pass the
rest of the spring day, playing away the
hours, headless of their flight, until a sudden lull, that always conies before tho sun-
sot,, brought back the gentle words, "Como
home before aun-down."
Then there came a hasty gathering up of
toys, a hurried kiss on the cheek of childhood's favorite, and every nerve was strained
to its utmost tension to makogood my word
given to one who stood next to God.
I stood again inside tho old gate. Once
more my soul sjented the perfume of peach
blossoms, and the whole familiar scene lay
boforo my triumphant eyes as it bad so often
before, even to the sun hanging ready to
drop, a ball of fire, behind thc mystery of
the horizon.
I had reached uhc line of safety, my word
had been made good, I had shut myself inside the gate, and the Bun which looked to
me at least a half hour high in the sky,
suddenly fell, leaving only the glory of an
afterthought, but lhe knowledge that I had
been worthy of the trust aet my child heart
in a glow, and lho mother smile which fell
upon mo felt liko the sunshine upon the
early flowers ; the father, calling me to him,
patted my littic tow-head approvingly before he wiped his glaases on my chocked
apron.
The dusk deepened, the lamps were
lighted, and the moon came slowly up from
its hiding place and stood with watchful
eye above us. There gathered about me a
varied crowd. My old playmates came���
some of them arrayed as I had known them
in childhood���aud some of the boys wore
beards. Those I had not known till later
years stood conversing with those who were
first in my remembrance���but to me everything was in perfect harmony. These were
my choicest from many distances���all in
that home on the outskirts of tho country
village.
Charlie tore plum bloasoms from the
bushes in the moonlight to make a crown
for Alice, and Aunie called Maud to defend
her from Dick's teasinga. Some danced
and laughed and others sung the songs I
had long ago forgotten, intermingled with
airafrom "Sinbad" and aonge from "Elijah,"
Smith's March was succeeded by Pado-
rewski's minuctto played on a melodeon I I
marveled not thatTom should make love to
Bertha whom hc had never before mot, and
it was not strange to me that Grace should
sigh at Hugh's flirting with Mabel, even
though Grace had long been married, and
happily, too, to a strauger I had never seen;
when Ben stole a kisBfrom Jnlia, it brought
me no surprise, although in reai life Julia
had long sinco given up everything for her
art, that of interior design ; and Ben had
for years been au established old bachelor,
who habitually wore a skull cap over the
space that was erstwhile oovered by a orest
of black curls.
It was all a play with a few acts, but
coch brought on many acenes; or it was at
story witli much character picturing, with
hut littic plot.
At length the guests congregated around
one central figure���that of my mother, who
called to mo. I think I anBwered her, for
when I woko sho stood leaning ovor me
smiling down at mc, and in the morning
light I saw it was the same mother I had
seen in my vision, a little feebler, her hair a
little more silver, but with the same loving
smile. I had gone home for my yearly
vacation, aud that is what I dreamed tho
first night of it.
The only bright apot left by aome men it
lie scoured place on thc chair.
f�� Ill, lilllVU IIAUIL iLliilLii,
Jevelopmentofthe Modern Warship-
Bevlew or llie 1'rogreaa ofNaval Archl-
tcclnre in Three I'ealurles-Front lhc
Trireme lo (lie FrlRiite or istlu Hnillc-
s.'ins of To-day,
Our neighbora may well feel proud of the
mrgnificenl proportiona of the friendly
naval demonstration which is to-day iissc in-
bled in the vicinity of their capital city to
do honor to the memory of Columbus and
to emphasize the importance of the groat
nation which has within such a oompara-
tivleyshort period become a mighty influence
in both hoT.isplieres.
Rarely���if ever���has such a representative fleet been gathered together and never
with motives so far removed from hostility,
and so especially in harmony with a season
when two of the most important maritime
powers represented are engaged in settling
a dispute as to the rights to a sea by arbitration.
Naturally tho ships of the United States
mako the braver show numerically, but
there are so many various types present
that it is a suitable occasion to briefly review thc changes which have taken plaoe
in naval architecture during the last
TWBKTV-jVIVE IIONDRED YEARS.
Few subjects) oro more interesting to the
Btudentof history than the famous warships of the world. Too meagre, alas, are
thc records remaining to us of the Greek,
Roman and Carthaginian galleys which
contended for the mastery of the Mediterranean Sea, tho universal naval battleground of the ships of the time of Alexander the Great. Hundreds of years before
thc Christian era there wcre built ships
that carried as many as two hundred souls,
which required as many more oarsmen to
propel them, so that vessels of considerable
size were a necessity. The trireme, or vessel witli three banks of oars, came in use
about 700 years before Christ, Four hundred years before Christ ships were fully
decked and wcre much larger. About this
time the Athenians built a fleet of 2110 large
warships aud passed a decree compelling
the building of twenty new ones each year
by the state.
The Carthaginians wero successful on the
ocean. They were the iirst to build the
quadreme or galley with four banks of
oars, [and never hesitated to attack the
Romans wherever they found them in anywhere near cq ual force. Their custom was
to cut off the bows or peaks of the captured,
which were too badly damaged for future
use, and string them up in the temples of
Baal or on the grand stairway of Hamilcar'a
palace so that the home-returning victors
marched through avenues of the trophies
of their own prowess. And not alone were
thc ships' prows thus used, but the shields
and arms, and too often the bodies of their
owners who were killed in the light were
also exhibited, an object lesson in the fortunes of war and the savage hate of those
fierce times,
The ancient fleets had light, swift cruis-
V-rs or scorning boats whioh akirted the
enemies' shores and brought news of their
movements. Then the main boats manoeuvred for position. Then came the long
range arrow fire, followed as thc ships drew
closer together hy the smashing of the
heavy stone and metal shots fired from the
catapults. Soon tho sharp rams pierced the
opposing sides, or, as the vessels swung together groat cauldrons of burning pitch
were swung over the enemies' decks aud
upset over the heads of the roworsand fighters. Gangways were lowered over which
the fighting soldiers charged, and tho fight
became a general hand-to-hand combat.
Ptolemy Philopater built a galley 480
feet long, 57 wide, with 4000 rowers, but
we have no record of wiiat she did in battle.
The Phoanioian warships seem to have made
the first use of the compass, which was at
that time simply a piece of thin hoard floating in a saucer of water, with its needle
fastened on top. This contrivance was kept
in a shrine on the main deck abaft on all
ships, and was religiously guarded from all
prying eyes, as it was a religious as well as
a commercial secret, not even the crew
being aware of how its mysterious power
was exerted. In fact, the priests and certain rich families of those days held a practical compaai trust over the rest o) the nation.
When gunpowder came into use it revolutionized naval warfare and ships began
long range fighting. Coming down to the
days of the Spanish Armada, which eo disastrously failed in ita attempts to invade
England in 15SS, we find many of the Spanish ships still using the oars or sweeps in
calm water, or to aid the sails whde manoeuvring in battle. The great towering
galleona afforded excellent targeta for
THE ENGLISH fitJNXKRS,
who fairly made slaughter houses of them in
lair weather, and followed the n like blood
hounds in the great storm that followed
until the huge fleet was reduced to a few
miserable half-starved crews, some of whom
being wrecked on the Irish coast were put
to death without mercy, while a remnaut
alone reached Spain again.
This groat victory was won by the sailors
of England under the most diatre-sing circumstances, for Queen Elizabeth refused
her wounded seamen even thc ordinary necessities of life, and they died in the open
streets of tho seaports with n) help whatever from the ungrateful queen they had
served so well. Their commanders, Drake
and Howard, had to spend their own private fortunes in thoir relief, and were almost
ruined by their oharity. It was abiut this
time that Porre Colli, tlie pupil of Galileo,
invented the barometer, uow so indispensable at sea,
Strengthened by many successful sea
fights, the British navy was in a fair condition when England, atirredup by France,
began a war againat the Dutch. The Duke
of York, with a fleet ol 109 men-of-war and
28 lireships and 21,000 sailors, began a
blockade in thc Texel; bul the Djteh gave
bim a battle in truly gallant fashion, and
would probably havo won, under Admiral
Von Tromp, had not one of the Dutch 84-
;un ships���thc "Endrecht"���blown up and
tilled 60Q of his men, afler which the English defeated the rest of the fleet without
much trouble,
The Dutch booh had their revenge, how.
ever, for they BDOtt fell foul of the English
const at tlio mouth of the Thames, sailed up
to and broke the chain guarding it at lhe
forts ol Sheorness, burned the ships "Met.
thias," "Unity,"and "Charles V.,"and
proceeding as far as I'puer Castle, burning
" Royal Oak," wreckti.l the " Loyal Lon-
I
..un,   t,iiu alio      ui^ni youic.       un,,  imtaiiy
destroyed the "Royal Charles," the Commander oi whicli, Captain Douglas, wus
burned alive upon hei- decks, refusing
to surrender or leave his ship without
orders.
The Dutchmen of those days were great
fighters, some of their engagements lasting
from 3 in the morning till 7 in the evening.
The Dutch (Ieet under De Ruyter, after
starting for home, was followed closely by
the Duke of i'ork with the Knglish  fleet.
The French have always l)3en gallant and
bold fighters, both on sea and land, They
have also heen fine shipbuilders, but in their
handling of ships they have not been equal
to their English neighbors. In many small
actions they have been successful, but in
great fleet battles tbey have generally been
allied with other powers, and the unit of
action so necessary to clean cut, decisive
work has been absent. The impossibility
of a fleet of Spanish and French ships acting in as close concert as the ships of one
nation thoroughly understanding each
other has always been made evident. Napoleon's great genius enabled him to successfully evade the British fleet under Earl
St. Vincent and Nelson, and to reach his
dejective point, I he Bay of Aboukir. Nothing
daunted by lhe formidable array of battleships before him. Nelson at nightfall gave
the order to engage, and the whole British
fleet sailed directly for thc enemy with tho
" Goliath" leading.
Then followed as fierce and bloody a
nival tight as history records. After two
hours of the closest contest the victory was
still doubtful, when thc French ship, the
" Orient," blew up with a terrific explosion,
her burning fragments setting fire to other
ships near her. After a pause the right was
renewed and continued until daylight. Of
thc thirteen line of battleships ono had been
blown up, eight had surrendered and two
escaped. Of these tbe " Tomoleon " was
ashore and the "Tonnant" a wreck and
both surrendered. It was on thc " Orient"
that Coir.modoro Casablanca fell, whose
gallant son refused to leave thc burning
deck, as has been recorded in the famous
poem.
It was at the battle of Trafalgar that
Nelson led with
the SHIP " VICTORY,"
against the combined fleets, and received
the combined fire of eight French ships at
once. His rigging was torn to pieces and
he had fifty men killed before he fired a
shot. When the "Victory "did so, however, her sixty pound guns were ioaded
with round shot and a keg of "i00 musket
balls each, and some of her guns were even
triple shotted. The action became general,
and the " Victory," surrounded by a blaze
of cannon fire, was lost in the smoke.
When it cleared away the " Victory " and
many of the British ships were wrecks.
The allied fleet waa retreating.
The greatest victory the world had cver
seen had been won, but the great leader,
Nelson, shot by a sharpshooter, was dead.
The defeated fleet, consisted of thirty-five
sail of the line ; twenty-five of them were
captured, burned or suuk, and seven only
reached Cadiz, reduced to mere wrecks.
This, great victory saved England fiom
Napoleon's contemplated invasion, broke
the maritime power of France and Spain
aud gave to England a prestige at sea among
the nations which retains to this day.
The first man to display the Amerioan
flag abroad on a ship of war was Paul
Jones. When the American colonies had
declared their independence their vessels
were few, but their crews soon made up in
vigor what they lost in number. Sailing
entirely around the British isles in the
Ranger, Paul Jones entered harbors, burned shipping, captured merchantmen in
sight of land, defeated and captured the
sloop of war, Drake sent out to capture
him, and in general created a wholesale
terror of his pluck, energy and ubiquity.
During the peace that folio wed the American war of independence, England made
claim to the right of searching American
ships for deserting English sailors. The
Americans kept their temper in a creditable manner, though denying the claim,
but when the American frigate "Chesapeake," while unpr;pared for action, was
fired upon and her captain and several men
injured because she refused to allow the
British frigate "Leopard" to search her,
then war was declared.
The American fleet, though email, was
efficient, and ils frigates gave good accounts
of themselves, while a perfect swarm of
privateers and small armed schooners immediately overspread the ocean, capturing
and burning English merchant ships in all
directions. So bold did they become that
in some cases they burned vessels in tlie English channel within sight of land, and marine
insurance in London reached exceptionally
high ratea. It waa during this war that
the U. 8. frigate " Constitution" made herself famous in many actions and eventually
captured the British frigate " Guerrierc,"
which, however, was smaller. The most
interesting of the many single combats at
this period waa that of June 1, 1813, between the " Shannon" and " Chesapeake,"
as thc conditions aa to armament and crew
were almost equal and
INDOMITABLE COCKAUE
ahown by both���men of practically the
aame race���the Knglish Captain Broke being disabled and the American, Lawrence,
dying of his woundi. The action, however,
was all over in less than half an hour.
Since the battle of Navarino, in 1827, and
the bombardment of Acre in 1840, the three-
deckers and trim frigates of ihe " Victory"
and " Shannon" type have been superseded, though during the Crimean war there
were several ateamships whicli carried 130
guns in tiers, the "Duke of Wellington"
having been the most prominent of this
type and the flagship of Admiral Sir
Charles Napier.
After the Crimea war there was no regular naval warfare, though there were occasional isolated actions in connection with
thc suppression of the slave trade and gunboat operations in China, Thc next great
step in naval history was the conflict between the Northern and Southern Slates in
1861. At the outbreak of the war there lay
at the Norfolk navy yard in Virginia the
United States frigate " Merrimac. When
lhe yard was abandoned the " Merrimac "
was set on fire and scuttled, but sank before
her machinery had been damaged. Thc Confederates raised her, cut her down to the
main deck, built over thc midship section a heavy iron armored roof, and with a
fair battery sent her into Hampton Roads,
where lay the two wooden Yankee frigates,
thc "Cumberland" and "Congress.'' She
attacked the former first, and after a short
a ': bloody tight ran her ram i, to her tide,
liiu bul- ��� unv Willie mill IVUi'hlllg   ner  guns.
The " Merrimac "then attacked thc " Congress," but she, after a short contest, hoisted sail and ran aground, where the other
could not follow. Her crew swam to tho
beach and the frigate was burned.
The same night that the "Congress"
was burned, the ironclad " Monitor" had
arrived in port from New York, where slie
had been built under the supervision of
John Ericsson. She was flat decked, deeply
submerged with an iron turret, containing
two large guns and a small pilot house on
the forward deck. This strango craft met
the " Merrimac" the nevt day, and after
a savage contest almost side by side, battered her so that her design to sink thc remainder of the United States fleet was
abandoned. The "Merrimac" did good
service in James River, and waa blown up
by her own crew. But the " Monitor" was
tlie vessel which did most service in tho
late war. Wherever
TIIF n'OEI WAS HOTTEST
there could she be found. Under Capt.
Hudson's plunging fire, beset by fire rafts
at the battle of New Orleans, and pounded
and rammed and out to thc water's edge at
Mobile bay, she will always dwell in our
memories as the lighting ship of the noble
Farragul, the gallant Viking of the modern
warfare. Who can ever forget the picture of him, standing in the rigging, guiding thc great ship into the hell of fire and
iron, grimly replying lo thc cry of:
" Torpedoes ahead, and lhc ' Tccumseh'
has sunk.'' "Damn the topedoes; go
ahead ?" The " Tocmnseh" can still be Been
in the channel o(T Port Morgan at low tide.
The " Hartford" is but a memory.
The closo of the war ushers in tlie tragedy
of the " Alabama " and the "Kcarsage,"
when thc long career of the former, as
a commerce destroyer, is terminated off
Cherbourg by the latter after a square
stand-up fight. The " Alabama "goes into
the contest with sails in bunt, ready to
make off on another career of ship-destroying should the god of battles incline her
way, but the Yankee gunners were too
keen of aim, and, wounded to death, the
" Alabama " tosses her bow high in the air
and sinks beneath the waves. As an
example of the damage a single ship can
inflict upon a nation the " Alabama" was a
signal success, and the $ 15,000,000 which
Great Britain, as a result of the arbitration
paid to the U S. Government for her long
frolic points a moral in national neutrality
which will be remembered iu future.
No recent naval action has attracted so
much attention as the fight in 187.7 between
the little Peruvian turreted ship " Huascar"
and the British ships "Amethyst" and
" Shah, "
The " Huascar " waa an ironclad monitor,
and built in Englagd and her opponents
unarmored ; only the brilliant manner in
which the " Shah " wa3 mamvuvred prevented her being penetrated in a vital part
by her smaller but better equipped opponent. 'The "Amethyst" was a mere gun.
boat.
The " Huascar," manned by revolutionists, was in effect a pirate, and the
English ships were sent to catch her. In
the fight thc " Huascar" was struck eighty
times, but her armor made her invulnerable and she escaped into too shallow water
for the " Shah" to follow. Her next fight
turned out disastrously, for the two Chilian ironclada " Almiranto Cochrane" and
" Blanco Encalada" got her into a pocket
aud captured her, but only after a struggle
of six hours, in which all three were badly
damaged and the " Huascar" had lost her
captain and most of her crew,
Of the fighting qualities of the great modern ironclads of Russia, England, France
and Italy, we know littic from experience. The bombardment of Alexandria
by the British was a naval engagement
affair and testing nothing except the mon-
Bter guns mounted on tho ships, Two of
these guns became hors de combat and what
with the drooping of their muzzles and
their short lives under service charges, it
becomes a question as to whether they will
not be a disadvantage in future contests.
Thc capacity of a ship to carry armor seems
to have reached its limit, and poasibly
future commanders will prefer a
SWIFT,   THIN-SIDED    VESSEL
in a fight to one whose sides will be reduced to death-dealing fragments under rapid
firing guns. The fact that tho skill of a
commander is still an important factor was
illustrated by Lord Charles Beresford as
captain of the gunboat " Condor," in this
action, and it had had a previous illustration on a larger scale at the battle of Lissa,
in 1866, between the fleets of Italy and
Austria, in which the latter, though the
least powerful in armor and equipment,
was successful
During the Russo-Turkish war of 1876-
1878,theuseoltorpedoes received manyprac-
tical illustrations but even then there was
no regular stand up fight between armor
clad vessels,
Amongst the big battleships of recent construction, the French armored "Devastation" carries four guns, and her main deck
is equipped with two batteries, each commanding a full quadrant of a circle. The
barbette batteries atand up above the upper
deck and carry powerful guiiB on each side
of the ship, with a great range olif re. But
all these guns are exposed, and tho fate of
their crews under tho rapid fire of small
arms can bc imagined.
Tho "Catherine II. of Russia" is .'120
feet long, with a tonnage of 10,000. Sho is
belted throughout with eighteen inches of
armor. Sho is armed with six guns of forty
tons each and seven of four tons, they boing fought en barhotto in towers plated
with armor fourteen inches thick. Her
speed is sixteen knots. This vessel is a very
formidable one from a modern standpoint,
is fullv as powerful and somewhat iarger
than tlie famous " Nile " and " Trafalgar,"
of the Britisli navy.
The English ironclad " Devastation " is
what is known in naval circles as thc British monitor typo of ship. She has only a
portion of the low forward and after deck
of the American monitors, her midship section having a considerable elevation above
the sea ; her turrets, of tho true monitor
typo, however, are superimposed upon her
middle structure. Such an arrangement
gives them a morc commanding range of
lire and makes them dryer vessels In a seaway, but in all essential qualities she is but
a modified form of lhc American double-
turreted monitor. But since 1 SS'J, when the
"Devastation" wa-a leading type, the
English navy has been revolutionized and
nt the present day the " Royal Sovereign,"
as a first-olass battleship and the " Blake,"
as a lirst-claBS cruiser may be taken as fair
representatives ot tne two leading classes
iu ihe English navy. The battleships, of
whicli there are now 29, are all stationed at
Europe.
It is a great pity that thc naval review
could not have been held somewhat later.
for in that case Russia, whose principal
battle ships are still icebound, would have
sent some of hor noblest examples to our
shores. England would, of course, uot
have allowed her great rival to outshine her
in any such display, and Italy, too, would
probably have sent some of her marine
monsters, then thc naval parade would
have been a truly representative one of the
finest class of modern warships afloat,
STEAM ON SUBUEBAN EAILWAYS-
.Noiseless ilnliirs tor I'se on Country Itonils
-A Means or Transportation Olileli
Hue Become General.
In Borne acctious of the United States
noiseless steam motors have been introduced on streets and suburban railways, and
arc said to be suicjssful in many cases
where it is not advisable or possible to
use electric power. In theso motors
smoko is avoided by the use of anthracite
coal or coke fuel. Crude petrolum fuel can
be used with special appliances, but lias no
advantages, and in addition to mechanical
dililculties it is too expensive. The machinery of those motors is enclosed iu a cab so
that they resemble horsc-cara or railway
cars so nearly that no difference is detected
at the first glance. The motor cabs are
substantially built and handsomely finished
and roomy and conveniently designed, glass
sash is arranged to drop all round, and at
thc front ends reaches to the floor, hinged
trap doors in the cab floor give opportunity
for oiling tho machinery into motion, and
the fuel bunker is of ample capacity and
handily placed. In all cases the engineer
has a good look out and full con'rol of
all valves and levers so that the motor
cau be stopped or started instantly.
^Haw
MUTOK FOR SLOW Sl'ElD AND ST1IKI' GRADE.
Tho motors without pony trucks, are
best adapted tosbwspeed, as is usual where
the road is wholly on city streets. The
smaller sizes, say 7x1'-' and 8x14 cylinders,
are ample for hauling on ordinary grades
one to four cars ; and the larger sizes are
desirable for hauling a number of cars up
steep grades. Tlie saddle tank design more
nearly resembles a street car, and permits
the shortest possible length over all, and the
position of thc tank over tlie boiler doea not
interfere to any objectionable extent with
the engineer's outlook, except for the largest ab.es for which afiremau wouldgenerally
be required.
MOTOR FOR POWER AXD SPEED COMBINED.
The motors with back truck, are best
adapted to work requiring a combination
of speed and power. The small sizes are
useful for hauling a limited number of street
cars where, for part of the way at least,
there ie an opportunity for considerable
speed, aud the larger sizes are desirable for
suburban roads, hauling longer trains and
heavier cars. This design gives a perfect
outlook in all directions, with a dome, engineer's seat, levers and valves placed centrally, with a very roomy, conveniently arranged cab, and is the most popular style,
It is not quite so powerful and on extremely steep grades not so desirable as a saddle-
tank motor.
SPECIAL USES FOR STEAM MOTORS.
Noiseless steam motors are useful on
the crowded streets of cities, even where
fast speed is not permitted, aud where
curves and grades are difficult. For hauling freight cars on streets the largor sizes
of steam motors are often the only power
adequate and practicable, But for passenger service it is on roads where only
part of the run is on crowded streets, and
where for quite a distanco there is necessity and opportunity for speed, that our
motors develop their greatest usefulness,
Their power enables long trains to be hauled during the busy hours of the day or on
special occasiona. For roada where thc regular buaineas is nol large enough to justify
an expensivo Investment, but where, ou
special occasions it is necessary to transport
a large number of people promptly, our
motors arc the best possible system. These
conditions arc often found on suburban
roads, belt Hues, rapid transit roads connecting towns, and roads to reach summer
resorts, watering-places, hotels, and athletic
or picnic grounds. Steam motor roads also
enable land companies to dispose to great
advantage of property otherwise unavailable, and have besides a paying investment
in the road. Stoam motors are also desirable for operating oul of town ev tensions of
cable or electric roads, and for operating
cable or electric roads during night hours
when there is a demand for service but it is
not to enough extent to pay for running the
powcrplant, Steam motors arc also desirable for rcscrvo power incase of breakdowns of other systems.
COST OK STEAM MOTOR ROADS,
A Teo rail ol 25 to 35 lbs. per yard, or a
girder rail of 40 to 00 lbs,, is usually abundantly heavy for a motor road. In many
cases much lighter rails will answer. Tho
total cost ol a steam motor road, say 6 miles
long, single track, with 3 motors and 10
light eight-wheel coaches, need not cost
moro than $40,000 to 8(10,000 including
everything but franchise, right of way and
buildings. Such a road would have a greater earning power than an olectric road of
same capacity costing two or three times as
much, or a cable road costing fivo or six
times as much. Passengers can be carried
by steam motor roads at less cost than by
othcr systems. One man serves as engineer
and fireman. About IH to 18 lbs. anthracite
or coke i.-, used per mile and the daily fost
of running one steam motor, including engineer's wages, fuel, oil, repairs, interest,
etc., is inside $4.00 to $7.00 per day ef lo
hours, running say lou miles, and hauling
2 to 6 cars iu a train. Tlie cost will vary
according to price and quality of fuel, ratea
of wages, conditions of service and care laken of machinery.
ADVAXTAOES OF STEAM MOTORS.
As compared with electric or cable roads,
steam motor roads have decided advantages:
They involve uo investment or cost of
maintenance for baltery of boilers sta'ion-
ary engines, power house, dynamos, overhead
poles and wires, or underground conduits,
cables and manholes; they involve no interference with telephones, electric lights,
telegiaph wires, sewers, gaB and water
pipes, etc. The "experiment" of steam
traction only involves the cost of one motor,
which can at any time be sold second hand,
insttad of the irrecoverable sinking of many
thousands or hundreds of thousands of dollars. Steam motors make about as much
noise as cable cars and are free from tbe
screeching, buzzing noise of electric machines. Cable and electric systems alike are
liable to the very serious objection that any
trouble with the power or appliances
may stop thc entire road at any moment
without notice, for a few minutes or for
many hours, and such mishaps generally
happen when the road is most crowded and
the weather bad for walking. The s.cam
motor system is wholly free from this danger. The loss of power by the cable system
is stated at SO per cent., Le,, only 20 per
cent, of the pov,,-r generated is used for
actually moving the cars. The loss of power
with electric syatems is variously stated at
25 to 70 per cent.
ENDLESS STEEL BAILS.
Successful Tests ofa Slew Machine for
Wdilliiu Hallway Track.
Some interesting tests have recently beer,
made with a new machine for welding steel
rails. Tho tests were made on the street
railway tracks with the rails in place, and
were highly successful. The machine was
stopped over a joint, where the ends of two
rails rested on thesame eleeper, and after
the necessary connections were made a
powerful electric current was turned on,
In less than a minute the rails at the ends
began to change color, and inside of three
minutes the metal was raised to a white
heat. Then the ends of the rails were
brought together underpressure, and a perfect weld was made in all cases where the
conditions were favorable. The trials were
the most aatiafactory that have been made.
The machine which produces the welding
resembles somewhat in appearance a ear,bnt
is much more massive than the ordinary
electric car. The current is taken from an
overhead trolley wire. Inside this car is
located what is known as a " motor dynamo," which transforms and changes the
direct current into a current of the desired
kind for the electric welding process.
A big crane of special construction extends through the open end of the car, and
carries a peculiar apparatus, which is the
welder proper. The interior of thc car ia
lined with water tanks, which provide hydraulic motor power for aome of the adjustments and a circulation of water for cooling
the copper contacts which arc used in the
welding. At various pointB on the car are
located independent electric motors -vhich
operate emery grinders for cleaning off the
rail preparatory to the welding.
The tests wcre witnessed by a numbtr of
railroad experts, who agreed that with a
practically endless rail much better track
can be made than by present methods.
A Strange Panther Story-
A very strange incident is reported by
the Times of India from the Godra district
in tlie Panch Mahals. A large panther had
for some lime been causing much injury to
the cattle of the district, and the superintendent of the police, Mr. J. V. Cooke,
went out in pursuit. He succeeded in getting a shot at the animal, and bowled him
over, the bullet going right through the
panther's heart without touching the bene.
The panther fell into a hole or den, within
which, unsuspected by the party, a female
panther lay euaeoneed. The bullet, alter
passing through the body of the male panther, struck the second animal in the forehead and entered the brain, killing her at
onco. The whole episode of the proximity
and accidental death of the second panther
waB unknown to the shooting party, and it
was not till the next morning that the body
of the female panther was found in the den
with a bullet in the brain. It was a moat
providential accident, as the panther, whose
presence was unknown and unsuspected,
would in all probability have charged the
party while taking away thc male panther
which had been shot.
Pride Of Ancestry.
The following is an amusing instance of
the tenacity with which the Highlanders
hold to the honoura aud antiquity of their
kindred,
A dispute arose between Campbell and
McLean upon tho never-ending subject.
McLean would not allow that thc CampMls
had auy rights to rank with the McLeans in
antiquity, who, he insisted, wcre in existence as a clan ficm the beginning of the
world. Campbell had a little more Biblical
lore than his antagonist, and aaked him if
the clan McLean was heiorc thc flood.
" Flood ! what flood!" aaid McLean,
"The flood that you know drowned all
the world but Noah and his family, and
his Docks," said Campbell,
" Pooh ! you aud your flood," aaid McLean ; "my clan was before the flood."
"I have not read in my Bible," said
Campbell, "of the name of McLean goiug
into Noah's ark."
" Noah's ark I" retorted McLean iu contempt ; " who ever heard of a McLean that
had not a boat of his owu ?"
From Pad to Worse-
She���I would like to call you by your
Christian name, love, but Tom is so hateful
and common, you know.   Haveu't yousom
pet name!
He���N���no, I���er���haven't.
She���Are  you  alwaya   known as Tom
among your friends?
He (brightening up)���Xo, the boys call
me '' "-Shorty I"
London devours every year 400,000 oxen,
L,600,000)aheep, 600,000 calves, 700,0 Ohogs,
fowls innumerable and '1,800 000 gallons ui
milk. Death by Poisoniuji;.
The town was startled on Monday
���afternoon by tlio news that Mr.Louis
Mason, lately part owner of tlio Consolation Miue at Big Bend, had taken
poison.   Mr. Mason, who boarded at
the Columbia House, recently sold
out his interest in the mine nnd intended visiting the World's Fair at
Chicago, aftor which he would turn
his attention to Lardean mines. Bnt
he had been a sick man ever since he
came down from the Bend about five
���weeks ago, having beon afflicted with
rheumatism in the knees, brought
���on, ho said, by working in the tunnel
at the mino during the past winter.
It was noticed that ho wns looking
haggard aud wretched for several
days before his death, and it is supposed that being a victim to insomnia
lio had been in tbe habit of taking
opiates to induce sleep.    He was
about town on Monday morning and
had conversation with tho writer and
several other persons,   He went to
his room shortly before 11 a.m., and
about two o'clock Mrs. Clark, of the
Columbia House, sout one of tbe
girls upstairs to ask Mr, Mason if ho
would have any dinner,   Receiving
no reply to her knooking and finding
the door locked on the inside she
informed Mrs. Clark, who at onoo went
up, and Joe the eook entered the
Toom by the window, whioh opons
on to a balcony.    He found Mr.
Mason lying on the bed dressed, and
on being asked if he would bave
some soup brought up he said yes,
. anl that he was feeling very sick.
tie spoke in French, and the cook,
who is a Frenchman, suspected nothing wrong, although be noticed a
���peculiar odor in the room,   It was,
perhaps, au hour and a half before
the soup was taken up, and he was
then iu a stupor and speechless. Br.
McLean was at once sent for aud
emetics abministered, but all was of
too avail, and wheu the dootor arrived
-Mr. Mason was dead.   Two small
"bottles were found on tbe bureau,
one marked "Laudanum" and nearly
empty, the other being half full of a
hdark liquid, supposed to bo morphine.   Mr. Maaon was between 40
end 50 years of age and was at one
time captain of a vessel.  He came
Irom New Orleans and was of French
parentage. He resided in San Francisco before coming here to invest in
-Kootenay mines.   He was very free
in giving and was evidently used to
good society.   Deceased was greatly
liked by those who know him intimately,   It is the general opinion
that he inadvertently took an overdose of laudanum to induce sleep,
A post-mortem examination should
have been made, which would have
eettled all doubts as to whether death
waB due to poison or not,   We have
a skilful analyst in the towu, aud
surely this satisfaction ought to have
'beon granted his friends.
Aa inquest was held iu the Courthouse on Tuesday by Mr. Manuel,
coroner, of Donald, the jury being
Messrs. Haig (foreman), Coursier,
Fraser, Abrahamson, Barber and
Wells. Evidence was given by the
iDbok, Mr. W. M. Brown and Dr. Mo-
Lbau, and after a long deliberation
the jury rendered the following verdict: "We find that deoeasedoame
to his death through poison or poisons administered by his own hand,
but whether intentional or otherwise
we oannot say,"
The undertaker had orders*to bury
bim as early as possible nest morning,
tint one of the dead man's friends
stayed the funeral till a more seemly
hour, nine o'clock, and then kick
persons besides the undertaker fol.
lowed the remains to their last resting plaoe  ia  that beautiful May
morning.  Where were those who so
recently accepted   gifts  from the
deceased ?    He spent his money
freely when living, and was undeserving of this neglect when dead.
""Battle his bones over the stones,
He's only a pauper whom nobody
owns."
Dec-eased was a Homan Catholie, but
not one of  his co-religionists was
present.   Did the lear of bis being
a inicide keep them away?   If so,
the less aaid about Christian cbori-
tank-seas the beiter.   This may be
unpalatable to a lot of onr readers,
bnt ;h.- deceased was a man and a
ht(o.'Utt, and if his own ebnrcb de-
D't.i bim the right of having the
burial service read over his grave ;
those who had charge ol the matter ;
should Intro seen to it that the lastj
end ntea wore carried ont.   ft is not ;
f-rt-n-n that ileeea-v'il was a aniciile, ���
aoO uvea the felon in the duel; is ]
thnvt fivon tli*> benefit of a ilonbt,   '
NOTION
Tl.-*- Laowwmg Boen   i    -   rt ''--
Cfettrikraett, \li.-ii\sukv.:'   A    I
���Tune ISlh, 180'
Bwtfefafa*, aga - . ' " '"������	
NOTICE
Iiteflby gi'-'Hi. Unit i into I to
rfch ���.! iiii. ties) Mttrog ol llm !.
wnisiag Ci.ur lo be baW H '������ i
.:.,'(,   fol    ii   liOUIW   I ���    '   l '"'      Wl
Mid K) iritUOOB ..:  I '-:" ���' ���  I     l-  ���"'
bv retail nt Una uremia i knows u I
"The Senate Hotoy' situate*, io LuaJ
(.ukii of Kevelstoke.
JOBS DODBKB.
vimsto, v��f m, tm.
ESTABLISHED 1677.
JAS.McMILUN&CO.
MAIN HOUSE,
200 to 212 FIRST AVE. NORTH,
MINNEAPOLIS, NINN.
DEALERS AND EXPORTERS.
COUNTRY AND PACKER
PROPRIETORS OR THi
BRANCHES!
Minneapolis ^ ^        ^ ^ Salted H1DES)
Sheepskin       ���*,��,��*��, unm.mn   Calfskins, Dry Hides,
exporter, of   Tannery.     HELENA M0NTi Pelts, Furs, Wool,
Tallow, Grease, Deerskins,
Ginseng & Seneca Root.
FINE NORTHERN FURS.
References by permission.
9.oubitv BaNK op Minn..MiNNiapoLia, Mi-an.
Ft. D.ahBonN N.T.BaiaK, Chio.qo,        lu.
MoNTaNANaTiONaLBaNK, HtLKNa. Mont.
Fmar National. BaNK. Gri.t Faua, Mont.
First NaTlON.L BaNK. SpOKa,,aF<L.,aVa.H.
NaT. BaNKOi*CoMM.RQi, St. Lonia.     Mo.
Liberal Advances Made on Shipments Against
Original Bill ot Lading.
Shipments Solicited.   Writs for Circulars.
Blilpiiore from tills State Corresiionil with anil Con-
alga to Miiuiei>|io!u Hour*.
T, L. HAI0,
NOTARY PUBLIC . REVELSTOKE, B. C.
Mining and Real Estate Broker and General
Commission Agent.
���*raa%a��al^****aa*a-aaa-aa*a-a**al  li I   i -  ill* lm��a I ��� i ��� ���������* 11. ������ . ���Mafc���aa���n.
FIRE, LIFE & ACCIDENT INSURANCE.
KEPRESENTATIVE OP THE KOOTENAY SMELTING AjND
TRADING SYNDICATE.
agent for TROUT LAKE CITY, KASLO CITY, NAKUSP & other
TOWNSITES.
V LARDEAU V
Is situated at the -head of the North-East Arm of Upper
Arrow Lake. It is the easiest point from which to enter the
remarkably rich mines of the Lardeau aud Fish Creek Districts. It will have the advantage of both rail and steamboat lines. Tbe C.P.K. will begin the building of a Hue from
Revelstoke to tbe N.E. Arm of Arrow Lako as soon as the
weather will permit. LARDEAU is at the head of navigation on this Arm, and will be the terminus of steamers and
that of the Lardeau & Kootenay Railway. There is no
question that the Rich Mining Districts which are tributary
to LARDEAU will attract thousands of Prospectors aud
Capitalists during the present season, and tbat a large town
will grow 'up at -that point. The history of Kaslo will be
repeated at LARDEAU tbis year, and investors in Kootenay
property should study the situation. Kaslo, in many instances, has already repaid from 500 to 1,000 per cent, to
investors. .
The wisdom of an investment in LARDEAU is
without question.
'>.W^JVy^/a^*��Ja1W
For farther particulars, prices and terms, apply to any ol the matter-
signed.
ROBERT IRVING, Trustee, Broad Street, Victoria.
HENRY CROFT, Colonist BuildiDg, Government Street, Victoria.
DOUGLAS & CO., 139 Cordova Street, Vaw*oaver,
GREEN, RICHARDSON & CO,, 57 Jameson BuiWing, SfolanBi
R. H. LEE, P.L.S., KAMLOOPS.
DAVID F. DOUGLAS, Resident Agent, Lardeau;
fANADiANo \mWmimm4
WAClFIcKW-lSg]
REVELSTOKE TIME TABLE,
Atlantic Express, arrives 10.10 drdU.
Pacific        * ���*     10.52   "
Cheapest ttnst reliable and safe
mute to Montreal,Toronto, St. Piml,
Chicago, New York and lioHtun.
Rates .*5 to j>10 lower than eny other
ot,iw>r ronte.
rjfjaaciaily fitted Cblonbt Car*!, in
elian.;** ti '< ('niter, ttyt the ���Mommo-
datkm ol P&neiigen ImWitig seeobfl
tttst ticketa. PiiKMirift'-rs bunked to
uu! bora all European points ��t
LolMSt l-'ltteff.
Lm Freight Elates, l^iiick des-
patclr, Mews-bants will nave mote}
by baving their treight ronied via
he C P. B.
l-'ii!' and reBcble information gi**cn
Ir j ..p;>hi*ig to
5BO. HcL BROWS,
fast. (<*mT freight Ag't. VWn-v****.
...     i     :!-','       EB
;������ ii    :-    '<���.. [.' pot   I'''"'     ...
0. & H LEWIS,
mm m mimum.
SUPP^BS 'Mi BALLS
C'iU*r'*<l fur.
TtUOE MARKt,
DE8ICM PATENTS,
COPYHIOHT8.   ate.
tot inforWatlon watt free njini**K*o*a writa to
MUNN i CO., XI ��w>AD*.��T, H��W TiiniT.
Olileat bntreno tnr uxnrlnt pitajitfji In Amcrlojj.
Kri-rriitBont tiatnn out hr iin-lav fermifilit before
tlie duMu liys BOtU-a Klvm free uTshiu-ia in tl.o
I titMit ^mtlm
Iutttt eltet&rlim ot any nHmrt'1!*! papnr In thfc
wirfat ?i.l/.ul.'i.r ilii'itntiui. Na luti'lliirent
man ihotuf Os -ariiii.ma. It. vfwiniv, S3,on a.
���uur! II Jltte mouth* jicWrenj-lIllNN A CO*
!/��� iii.i.a?rnt, Ml lia-naUwu./.ilnw Yurk City.
Da you Wrlle for the Papers?
If ym do. 7011 ihoald nav.* THE-
'-AODKR  OF   JO-TRNAMSM,
i/Text. Bee* for Com��p<��<leiUi*, He-
ponX'is,, Bd-ftfirs and ()emml Writers.
PRICE, SO CENTS.
w:.vr ai. tannvt nf ruiri!, ��*��*
ALLAN   FOR MAN,
11 7 H)S.<Mij SmtT, Hiyr York, N. /.
-.- ite atmtB yen: te* ii jt ��nrl 71111 fl'l ro
fi-t;^ 4, JMOataM iO.'xri(iit f��r liirroliiK.
6. TKKIIVlit'iKRV,
&EMEMI BLACKSMITH
REVELSTOKE,
WKwiiNo tuzx a aPKcui-TT  i   BKpAjjjg T0 v.wuvm, Eur.
New Spring Goods.
We are showing a complete range of Men's, Lacfoe', Misses' and Children's'
Boots and Shoes, and our
Prints have arrived.
Also a large stock of Cottons, MiiBfes, Dress Goods, Laees and Trimmings, ���>
Art Muslins, Chan-bra***!, Carpets, Matting and Art Squaws.
Millinery
This Spring is the beat and most varied stock ever shown here, and onr"1'
prices the lowest ever offered.
FLOUR, Om, SHORTS AND ALL RINDS (JFFEED.*,
BOOB8, WINDOWS, BLINDS, PAINTS, OILS, VARNISHES,
WALL PAJPER, Etc.
H. N. COURSIER.
BOURNE BROS,
GENERAL MERCHANTS,
Revelstoke, New Denver:
and Nakusp^
DEALERS    IN'-
DRY GOODS, PROVISIONS;,
MINERS'
Harness,
Giant Bowdtr kept in stock at Hew Denver andl
Messrs. 0. B. Hume & Co,,
Revelstoke Station,
GROCERIES
PROVISIONS
BOOTS & StflOES
FLOUR
PEED & OATS
A3IMUNITION
BABDWARlB
CLOTHfING
MINERS" TOOLS -i
Consignment of Butter and Eggu received' every week.
MINERS' AND HUNTERS' SUPPLIES*'
in um op ririf wnif aib sold
Bailwav Me^ Requisites.
GOODS WADED ON OARS AND STEAMBOA1 FREE OF CHARGE--
Fxuniture & Undertaking.
R. howson,
Has a large Stock of Household Furniture,, Coffins.
Sl.roi.dn, &c.
BXTXI4X0KK B.^
'SUOK1NU  A   SPECIALTY,
BEVBLSXQ&E.    B.O. HEALT3
Wait h Oaolera!
Ijholeu in llie exaggeration ot intestinal
vermicular motion " Thin definition, explained in language leas professional, would
ib more good than all the popular recipes
foe the cure ol cholera evet published,
because it expresses the inherent nature
of cholera ami suggests the principle oi cure
in its early stage, to the most unreflecting
mind. The public is none the better, or
wiser, or safer, for oue of all the ten thousand '��� euro" for cholera proclaimed in the
publio prints, with a confidence vhich itself is a sufficient guarantee that however
well informed the authors may he in other
matters, as regards cholera itself they ue
criminally ignorint: fo-. no man h as a right
to address the public on auy subject connected with its general health unless he
understands that subject in its broadest
sense, practically as well as theoretically.
A " live " cheese, or a cup ot fishing worms
may give au idea of the motion of the intestines in ordinary health.
The human gut is a hollow, flexible, tube,
betweeu thirty and forty feet long; but, in
order to be contained within the body, it is,
to save space, arranged as a sailor would a
coil ot rope ; forever moving In health, mov ���
ing too much iu some diseases, too little iu
others. To regulate this motion is the first
object of the physician in every disease.
�� In headaches, (bilious affections, costive.
ness, and the like, this great coiled-np iu.
testine, usually called "the bowels," is
" torpid." aud the medicines are (riven to
wake it up, and what that does cures the
man. Costiveness is the foundation, that
is, one of the first beginnings, or it is the attendant of every disease known to man, in
some stage or other ot its progress. But
the human body is made in such a manner
that a single step oannot be taken without
tending to move the intestines; thus it is,
in the maiu, that those who move about on
their feet a great deal have the least sickness, and, on the other hand, those who ait
* great deal, and hence move about but
little, never have sound health; it is an
impossibility, it is a rule to which I have
never known an exception. Cholera being
a disease in which the bowels move too
much, the object should be to lessen that
motion; aud, as every step a man takes,
increases intestinal motion, the very first
thing to be done in a case of cholera, is to
secure quietude. It requires but a small
amount of intelligence to put these ideas
together, and if they could only be burnt
iaerery heart, this fearful scourge would.
be robbed of myriads of its victims,
There can be no cure for cholera without
quietude, the quietude oi lying ou the
baok. The physician who understands his
calling is always or, the lookout for the instincts of nature; and he who follows them
most, and interferes with them least, is the
one  who Is more successful.   They are
perspiration, an overpowering debility, and
a pain aa if the whole intestines were wrung
together with strong hinds, as washerwomen wring out clothing. Not being willing
tv take medicine, at least for a while,
and. no ice being presently obtainable
at the firat stopping place I ate ice cream,
or rather endeavored to swallow it before it
could melt. ,1 ate quantities of it continually, until the thirst was entirely abated.
Tbe bowels acted but once or twice after I
began tc use it. i fell a-leep, aud next
morning was at my office as usual, although
I was feeble for some days. This nay uot
have been an actual oase uf Asiati: cholera,
although it was prevalent iu lhe city at
that time ; but it was su ficiently near it tol
require some attention; and thia ia the main
object of these articles, to wit; attention t);
the first symptoms of cholera when it pre-;
vails.
According to my experience, there is only
one objection to the ice-cream treatment,
���and that is, you must swallow it without
tasting how good it is; it must be conveyed i
into the stomach as near an icy state as |
possible. The second step then, in the J
treatment of an attack nf cholera, is to
{uench the thirst by keeping a plate of ice |
starch,orwhatisbetter than ill, a mush made
of rice flout, or, if preferred, common rice
parched as coffee, and then boiled, as rice
is usually for the table, about twelve minute!, then strain the liquid from the nee:
return the rice to tlie stew pan and
let it steam about a quarter of an hour,
a short distance from the fire ; it
will then be dope, lhe grains will
be separate ; it may then be eaten with
a little butter at intervals of five hours.
There can lie no doubt that thousands upon
thousands have died of cholera who might
now be living had thev done nothing but
observed strict bodily quietness under the
promptings of nature, the greatest and
best physician.��� William Watson Hall,
M.D.
TBADE WITfl Tfl�� INDIES-
i. T.-iika of the- Commercial
Between Canada anil the
beside you, bioken up in small pieces, so
that they may be swallowed whole, as far
at practicable : keep on chewing and swallowing the ke until the thirst is most perfectly satisfied.
Mr   W.A. BI
KrlMi.tn-
l.l.aniR
A reporter interviewed Mr, W. A. Black,
of the Pickford & Black steamship line,
Halifa;-, attheQueeu's Hotel,Toronto, the
nther day.
The Pickford & Black is the only lino
connecting Canada and. the West Indies.
Tbe line includes four large, first-class
steamers, the Alpha, the Beta, the Tay-
mouth Castle and the Duart Castle, which
all run from Halifa.. south, touching at the
English, French, Spanish and Dutch, islands
in the West Indiea. Two of the tieet go as
far south as Deu.erara, British Guiana,
None of the boats ton:!', at any Cnited
States port.
Asked as to the pa3sengnr traffic on the
line, Mr. Black said:   " Our business as a
( passenger carryiug line is fast increasing.
Touch not an | Iu the winter we carry large numbers from
cease within two hours, then swallow two
more such pills and continue to swallow two
more at the end of each two hours until the
bowels ceaae to give their light colored passages, or until the physician arrives.
In many bad cases of cholera, the stomach will retain nothing fluid or solid, cold
water itself being instantly returned, A
calomel pill is almost as heavy as a bullet;
it sinks instantly to the bottom of the
stomach and no power of-vomiting can return it.
It would answer just as well to swallow
it in powder; but the same medium which
would hold it m suspension while going
., ,.    .,      ��� .,     .   -    ,  i down, would do the same while coming up.
? .. I h   ^ tha" "" ��� he ^T ,   Tne first object of a calomel pill in cholera
stories which  real or imaginary invalids1 ' '
prai r; '\i iii"'! rs,
The first step, then, to be takeu when
cholera prevails aud its syi iptonis are present is to lie down on a bed. 2nd. Bind the
abdomen tightly with wooleu Runnel. 3rd.
Swallow pellets of ice to the fullest extent
practicable.   4th. .Send for an established,
resident regular physician, 	
atom of the thousand things proposed by I the north to the south', andiu the summer
brains as " simple " aa the remedies are rep-; a great many from the south to the north,
resented to be, but wait quietly and pa-(The traffic greatly increased during the past
tiently until the arrival of your medical: winter."
attendant.      ' "Will the W orld's Fair influence your
But many of my readers may be iu a condi-1 business much '.''
tion, by distance or otherwise, where it is j " Oh, yes; we expect to carry a great
not possible to obtain a physician for aev- j many passengers to the exposition this
eral hours, and where such a delay might j summer. These are landed at Halifax and
prove fatal. Under such circumstances, J travel over the Canadian railroad lines to
obtain ten grains of calomel and make it j Chicago. And then a large percentage of
into a pill with a few drops of cold water ; i the West Indian exhibits were brought as
dry it a little by the fire or in the sun and I far as Halifax by our boata and thence ship,
swallow it down.   If the passages do not j ped to the Fail-'
I or imaginary
pour in upon the physician's ear with
facile volubility.
such!
| is to stop the passages from  the bowels,
The treatment is effectual, it arrests the
I passages within two  hours ; and in any
If, for example, a physician is called to a | t'me from four to twelve hours after being
speechless patient, a stranger, about whom  taken it effects the bowels actively, and
tbe pa3sagH are changed irom a watery
I thinness to a mushy thickness or consist-
I ency,  and  instead of  being   the  colour
no one can give any information, he knows!
if the breathing is long, heavy aud measured, that the brain is in danger; if he
breathes quick from the upper part of the
cheat, thc abdomen needs attention ; or if
the abdomen itself mainly moves in respiration, the lungs are suffering.
lu violent cases ot inflammation of the
bowels, the patient shrinks involuntarily
from any approach to that part of his per-
""-    These are the instincts of nature, and
j of rice water or of milk and water
mixture, they are brown cr yellow, or
green or dark, or black as ink according to
the violence of the attack. Never take anything to work ort calomel, if there is any
passage within ten hours after it is taken ;
but if there is no passage from the bowels
 ,  within ten, or at mo3t twelve hours after
are invaluable guides in the treatment of taking calomel, then take an injection of
disease. Applying this principle to cholera, common water, cool or tepid. Eating ice or
or even common diarrhoea when the bowela drinking cold water aftei a dose of calomel",
do not act more than three or four times a : facilitates its operation and never can have
day; the patient feels such an unwillingness'
Mr. Black went on to speak of the trade
carried on between the islands and Canada,
" Canada exports large quantities," said he,
"of agricultural products and manufactured
goods to the Indies, and this export trade
is fast growing in importance as well as in
favor, with the people of the islands. The
chief commodities whioh Canada sends south
are oata, potatoes, peas, 3plit peas, hay,
flour, live stock, canned and cured meats,
condensed milk in tins, cheese, fish, dried
and canned, box shooks and other box materials, boots and shoes, ready-made clothing, cottons, patent medicines, whiskeys in
the wood aud in the bottle, ale and porter."
THE GROWTH OF THE TRW.
Referring to the rapid growth of the
trade Mr. Black stated that it must be remembered that only two years ago there
was practically no interchange of commerce
between Canada and the West Indies. At
first one steamer was quite sufficient for
the Demerara service, but now two large
boats were required on the route. As an
evidence of the increase in the flour trade
alone, while only two years ago practically
no flour was shipped to the West Indies,
the last boat to leave Halifax carried 2,000
barrels for those islands. Until recently
the Uuited States monopolized the flour
trade.
"What does Canada import from these
islands?"
"Tropical fruits of all kinds, sugar, raw
and refined, rum, cocoa, coffee, pimento,
greenheart, cedar and other woods for the
manufacture of furniture and cigar boxes,
seat
,o mo1 ion that he even rises from his
with tho most unconquerable reluctance ,
and when he has from any cause been moving about considerably, the first moment of
diking a comfortable seat is perfectly de
licious, and he feels as if
slay there always. ^^^^^^^^^^
The whole animal creation is subject to
disease, and the fewest number, comparatively speaking, die of sickness ; instinct
is their only physician. Perfect quietude, then, on the back, is the first,
the imperative, the essentia! slep towards
the cure of nny case of cholera. To
this art may lend her aid towards making
that quietude more perfect, by binding a
doth around the helly pretty firmly, this
iota beueficiarlly in diminishing the room
within the abdomen for motion ;aman may be
so pressed iu a crowd as not to beable to stir.
This bandage should be about a foot broad
and long enough to be doubled over the.
belly ; pieces of tape should be sewn to one '
any effect whatever towards causing saliva-1 and lastly asphalt froiil Trinidad's pitch
tion; that is oaused by there beinejnoaotion Here Mr, Blaok gave the reporter an in-
from the bowels, as a consequence of the j teresting description of the ever fruitful
calomel, sooner than ten or twelve hours source of the substance with which the
after it has been swallowed. streets of Toronto are paved.
My own views, as a result of 1 wo aud three' , *a conclusion, the steamship ownerstated
ic could almost | year's baffling in the m[dst'orpre"vaient|tha' the prospectafor the'West hdian
���'��� ��� ���  ��� ��^^^^- - trade were good.  The islands have in all a
population of about 5,000,000, or about the
same as Canada. These 5,000,000 require
the articles that Canada produoes, and an
inoreasing desire is manifested by them for
still closer commercial relations with the
people of the Dominion.   An association is
cholera, are, that when calomel fails to cure
it, everything else will fail, and that it will
cure every curable rase.
The cute of this scourge depends upon the
earliness with which the means are used. It
can be said with less limitation than of all
other diseases together, that cholera more
sertainly kills ii let alone, and ia certainly Iat Pr��sent being formed in Halifax with a
cured if early attended to.   What, then, is' viewt0 putting on a still bettei footing the
the earliest and almost universal symptom 'rade with these islands,
of approaching cholera '.' m
Dnrming a Man-o'-War.
! theaftourgewhenltlMt"vi��iterd"Vhi7cVuntry," j,, StrT sc?nes mar,ked l!le, mW��i oi
11 could tell in my own oftce, without read-! J.he *no.hor of a "nan-of-war belonging toa
app     ^^^^^^^^^^^
I have never seen it named in print as
such. During my personal experience amidst
ing a paper, or seeing or speaking to a single i !,0"th,ATl   " Ue���'n,ne*it at Tou'��\ [j
���,    ,-.    ���      .,     ----- I person, the comparative prevalence of the!',\8ald *  office*'8 ���������>d ^^
en1 of the flannel, ami a corresponding , disease from day today by the sensation'debts
number to another part, being safer and I which I will name and I hope to the benefit
more effective fastening than pin,.   If this 0f thousands,  and perhaps  not a single
reader will fail to respond to the statement
I from his own experience.
The bowels may be acting but   once or
loth ia nf stout woolen flannel it has two
a ddltionaladvantages, its roughness irritates
the spine and draws tlie blood to the surface
from the interior and by ita clammy condition of tho skin which takes place is the i appetite may be good, and the sleep may
last stages of cholera.    Facts conhrm this, 111(! sotm,j. |,u' there is an unpleasant isnsa-
V\ hen the Asiatic scourge first broke out I tl0n jn tiie belly, I do not, for the sake of
among the l.orman soldiery immense num.-1 (jjHcaoy say "stomach,"fo     '
hers perished ; but an imperative order wai'
amounting to about .'JO.OOOf. in the
southern naval seaport. Aocordingly the
vessel before leaving the roadstead was surrounded by boatloads of excited and clamouring creditors, who made attempts to get
Oil board, but were threatened by the crew
of the man-of-war.   Both officers and men,
AN INTERESTING SKETCH.
About a School Teacher's Experience in tin-
Country.
I was just out of my teens and this was
my first school. With my diploma and a
satisfactory record of scholarship for sail, i
quantity of hopes and fears sufficient for
[ ballast, and a large stock of self-reliance for
rudder, I steered my bark in educational
sens not in the rough water that often, later
in life, threatened to capsize my little craft,
but in calm, quiet waters, almost stagnant.
A telegram from a friendly school trustee,
who knew of my longing to try my sail, was
to this effect:
'��� Vacancy at The Corners. Farming settlement. Less thau DO inhabitants. District sohool. .Salary Si.">0 per year. Board
with trustee.   Come at ouoe."
Had the salary been half that amount I
would have accepted this offer just as eagerly. My enthusiasm was at tilt height familiar to everyone a*, the entrance of a professional career. What was money to me 11t's
ring was like that of sounding brass and
tinkling cymbals. I was going to teach for
the love of it. I had a mission. So, the
next day fouud me eu mute for The Corners,
a place in eastern Ontario, many miles
fromany centre of civilization, and eiglu i
miles distant from the nearest signal station. I found a rosy-cheeked youth awaiting my arrival at the station and the prospects of an eight mile drive in a high lumber
wagon, behind an ancient horse was, to 3ay
the least, a novelty. A3 we neared a com.
fwiable looking farmhouse, which I learned
was to be my Tuture home, the ancient
animal which had alternately cantered aud
bopped over the grouud now settled into a
pace 80 slow that at timea I could scarcely
determine whether we were moving at all,
And over my companion's face stole a smile
that gradually widened until I feared a return tc his normal expression would soon
be a physical impossibility. Naturally
venturesome I could not restrain my curiosity, and the result of my questioning was
the flattering revelation that he had arranged with the trustee's family to prepare
them for my coming by agreeing to run the
old horse the last mile if the new school
ma'am was old and ugly and generally disagreeable in appearance, and, if quite the
contrary, he was to come along at a snaillike pace. Encouraged by this frank
avowal aud hoping this was a fair indication
of the sentiment I would inspire in the
community I entered my new home.
MV KIR-IT DAY I*f 90H OOJU
and the quaintness of all my surroundings
I will not now describe, as I have in mind
the very verdant remembrance of my first
afternoon out to tea.
The second Monday, after an hour's labor to make the schoolroom preoentable,
aud taking the hitherto unfamiliar pastime
of preparing kindling for the stove in which
the grate was propped up with a brick, and
which threatened to smoke us out, I was
having a mental struggle whether one could
successfully manage a mission and at the
same time act as janitor when a tall, angular
girl, with a gruff voice, appeared at the
threshold. Without any preliminary morning greeting she thus addressed me : " Say,
ma wants ter know ef you km come to tea
Saturday afternoon ; she thought she'd I
orter hev ye." Part of my mission was to
be courteous and affable to everyone so I
most graciously accepted the invitation, and
the tall girl departed before I could ask
who " ma" was and where she lived.'
The next morning, while I was vigorously
pulling the bell rope in the vain endeavor
to straighten the big bell which some of my
flock had purposely overturned during the
preceding night, I was again accosted by
the tall gill. " Be ye comin'? We live
three miles up the atons road, l'eller
house.   Ma wants.ter know."
Wednesday morning school matters were
too exciting for me to notice the non appearance of my early morning \ isitor, but
just as I had badly shattered a long
cherished theory of moral suasion by the
wholesale use of a stout rod left by a
predecessor, the now familiar gruff voice
was heard at the door. " 1 hate ter bother
ye when yer keepin' school, teacher, but
ma wants ter know "
My look of amazement silenced her it
this point.   Thinking that ma   must be
way. But alas for my project of leading*
conversation into lines familiar to my entertainer aud gaming her respect for ::.e aa
the village instructor, despite my youth
and inexperience. As soon aa I was seated
in the commodious sitting room, half lighted by the glowing log in the open fir.-place,
the family album was put into my ban la and
I was left to myself and this brief source
of diversion for nearly an hour. When
tlie album had ceased to be a novelty and I
bad begun to feel acquainted with every
! lineament of some of the faces adorning it,
1 t was pleased to see my hostess enter to replenish the tire. She stayed just long
enough to tell me that if her only son,
Amos, was home he would mike tilings
pleasant for me, as Amos "was sech good
company,'1 Later I was again told tbat
Amos, who was "sech good company,"
would have made my visit much nicer
ooijld be have been home. And then came
a bit of Amos virtues, anecdotes of hia
childhood, ami his thrilling experiences in
such interestingatHictiona as the measles
and the whooping cough. A church ���the
only one at the corners���had recently burned. "Amos wis ao venturesome. If tha
church chimney had been in the burning
end of the building and no one else hi 1 dast
logo, Amos would have been the one to
gnandaaieit And if the bell in the hei-
trey needed to be saved, Amoa would have
gone up and saved it, Amos was so venturesome.
When I enquired
at the fire I learu��i
bi
ll Amos saved anything
that Amos happened to
xti.f.ir a:
riMS ok tiik cos la ir*.
TIOV,
and '��� ma" refused to a awaken bim, knowing that if he went he would certainly injure himself he being so venturesome. While
we were at supper, which, by the way, waa
a feas' cf good things and bountiful,
I heard a smothered cough, and instantly
my hostess called out,' " Now, Amos,
don't be a hanging back cause you've got
your old clothes ou. Come right in here and
get acquired with the teacher." But the
venturesome Amoa seemed to need persuasion and after much loud voiced entreaty
from hia mother he made his entrance,
shuffling across the room and siding
up to the table, painfully conscious
of his hands and feet, He waa a lanky
youth of nineteeu or twenty, wiih sloping
shoulders over whicli fell his long, straight
hair. In recognition of his mother's "Amos,
this is the new teacher," he ducked his
head, and. then blushingly regarded his
plate during the rest of the meal, declining
all food on the plea of being not hungry,
and as aoon as we left the table, Amos rushed
out of the room to be seen no more that
evening. A neighbor passing, took me
home in the back end of his wagon, the seat
having been removed in order to load tha
wagon with bags of feed.
And so, as the stars came out and the
moon shed ita soft light over the quiet deldi,
I rode home, down the stone road to my
trustee's, with many reflections on my firat
experience in the social life of The Corners.
ATE flia DAUGHTER
desirous that I should change my mind I
expressed a doubt as to my filling the given
in Indian Cannibal of Uuplifi  Ate of HU
Chilli I Boil; to keep Himself
From Prri-hln;.
A Quebec despatch says :���An Iudian of
the Mautagais tribe named Jocks'adjocks,
residing in Ste. Marguerite, on the north
shore below here, killed his wife and
daughter and ate a good portion of the latter.
Some travelers passing by the Indian
wigwam were horrified to find the gory remains of an Indian girl a little way off 'from,
the cabin.
The body bore traces of strangulation,
the face was black and congested, the eyes
bulged out of their sockets, aud in acme
parts of the body the flesh had beeu sliced
off, and parts of the bones and intestines
were laid bare.
The Indian, when i.ueationed, allowed
that his wife and daughter had died of
hunger aud misery and that he partook of
the fleah from the body of hia daughter in
order to alleviate the toi ments of hunger
from which he was dying himself, lea
travelers, however, suspected something
else and thought it very prohibit- that the
case was one of the extraordinary cases of
-   ,    ,   .      ,     ,.     -iij-,!-.      ; cannibalism sometimes reported by hunter*,
promise, but such a disappointed look from i jn faM)ff pU,eaus M t,)e ^^ n9igbta
of land,
less thai, once in twenty-four hours, the j according to thc report, said that  they
������.,.,...��� ...,.- .�� ��� - would prevent anybody entering ths shin
at the point  of the  sword.   The French
ooks aud stewards, who had  been hired
issued in the hottest weather, that each
soldier wear a stout woolen flannel abdominal compress, and immediately the fatality diminished of common looseness of
bowels, ho will generally find the most
grateful and instantaneous relief. The second indication of instinct is to quench the
(hirst.
When the disease now called cholera first
made its appoarance in the United States,
in lS.'i'i, it was generally believed that the
drinking of cold water soon after calomel
was taken, would certainly cause salivation : and, as calomel wan usually given,
cold water was strictly interdicted. Some
of the most heart-rending appeals I have
ever noticed were for wator, water! I hav;
seen the patient with deathly eagerness
mouth the finger ends of the nurse for the
sake of Ihe drop or two of cold water there
while washing the face. There are two ways
of quenching this thirst, cold water and ice.
Cold water often causes a sense of fullness or
oppression, nud not always satisfying: at
other times the stomach is so very irritable
that it is ejected In a moment, Ice does not
give that unpleasant fullness, noi does it
increase tho thirst, as cold water sometimes
dors, while the quantity required is very
muoh I'i'ilucod.
Some years ago I was violently attacked
with cholera iiymplonis in a railroad car.
Tne prominent symptoms ireioa continuous
looseness of the moat oxhausting i haraoter,
a deathly falutness ami sicli nem, a drenching
lcacy.say ".iloit'.Acti,' lor it is apei version
of terms ; it is not ;n the stomach, not do I
call it the abdomen.
Many persons don't know what abdomen
means.
Thousands have such good health that
they have no "realizing tense1 of being the
ownera of such " apparati," or " uases,1' as
the reader may fancy, and it is a great
pleasure to me to write in such a manner
that I know my reader will undentand me
perfe^'.ly, without having the headache.
Speaking then of that sensation of un.
easiness, without acute pain, in the region
named, it cornea on more decidedly after
an evacuation of the bowels.
In health this ac: is followed by a sense
of relief or comiortab'enes.-, b'.t when the
cholera influence Is in tbe atmosphere, even
a regular passage is followed by something
of this sort, but more and more decided
after each action over one in twenty-four
hours. The feeling is not all : there is a
sense of tiredness or wearineas which inclines you to take a seat ; to sit down, may
b�� to bend over a little or to curl up, if on
a bed. This sensation is coming cholera,
and if heeded when lira! noticed would save
annually, thousands. The pitient should
remain on the bed until he felt as if he wanted to gel up and as if .1 would be pleasurable to walk about. While observing this
quiet and while swallowing lumps of ice,
nothing should be eaten until there is a
decided appetite, and what ia eaten should
be farina or anow roo*, or tapioca cr corn-
for the mesa room of the foreign man-of-
war, then left the vessel, as they were
afraid that they might receive bad treatment during the voyaje. As the creditors
were unable to get on board they had
themselves rawed back to shore, aud lodged
a complaint with the justice of the peace.
A "writer" waa despatched out to the
foreign craft, but the captain refused to see
him. Soon afterwards tho man-of-war
stood out to sea, and ihe creditors finding
that the naval prefect of the port could do
nothing for them resolved to bring their
grievances to the notice of the Minister for
Foreign Affairs.
Stoty ofa Family Bible.
It is said lhat, some time ago, at a nobleman's house in thc neighborhood of the
Marble Arcii, London, a dispute arose about
a certain passage which was declared to be
Scriptural. A dean who was present denying that there was any such text in the
Bible, the sacred volume was called for.
After considerable search, a dusty old Bible,
which had lain on the shelf since tho death
of the uoblemau's mother, several years betore, was produced. When thc volume was
opened a book-marker was found in it,
which, upon examination, proved to lie a
bank-post bill for JCW.C00. Why it had
been placed there was never discovered;
perhaps the old lady had thought it a good
meant of inducing her son to search the
Scripluros.
the strange creature greeted me that I at
once assured her, this time most positively,
that nothing but death would keep me
away.
Saturday found me on my way, rather
glad to break the monotony of daily routine, though the absence of the ciietomaiy
convenience of sidewalks was rather a
hindrance to the complete enjoyment of a
three mile walk in the ram���up the atunc
road to "ma's" I reflected on the various
phases of my mission and reached the
"yaller houso1' long before I had decided to
my own satisfaction whether or not teaching
for the love of it was a delusion and a
mare,
The Iudian is being kept under watch,
and the district coroner will hold an inquest
to determine, if possible, the cause of the
deaths.
Till. OLD FASHIONED I>0''Bi.E 1)0011
upper and lower, looked formidable
__.      ami
closed blinds seemed anything but  hospitable, but 1 sounded the big brass knocker
with an assumed joyous manner an
awaited  developments.
A Tirkiih Somanoe-
According to  advices  from Constantinople, a f imantic  affair is said to have
happened 10 the Turkish Army.     A shore
time aao the discovery   was made quite
accidentally in Pristina that a young girl,
named liaiiko, bad been serving for threa
and a hall years, under her brother's name,
Ah Redscheb, In the 15th Regiment there,
and had distinguished hersell by specially
good conduct,   The Sultan was Informed
��� o( the unheard-of case of a woman housing
' with men for years  unveiled.    When he
��� ���,,,���'learned thai the young girl had taken  this
daring step in order to fiee her brother,
Slowly, as though necessity and not inclination led her to answer the knock,
some one came up through a long hall to
the door, drew the bolt of the upper half
of the door, and there framed in this upper
doorway stood "ma" wiih stout arms
akimbo, gazing curiously and unreservedly
at me.
All the self-reliance for which I was distinguished in thc college class room and
the ease of manner which bad never before
beeu beyond my command now deserted
mc, as she said in the loud voice peculiar
to the women of The Corners. " Well '
Well! Be you the uew teachor
guilty nod of assont from me, while
wondered if, in case I should be admitted,
she would expect me to climb ovor the
lower half of the door.) " I told Kuos today (her husband���poor man I) tbat if 1
had a krowed 1 was going to have the
rhcumetiz so bad 1 never would have asked ���
no company. But come in I Come in !"
(Thili very resignedly) " I might as well
have you now as any time and get it off my
mind I"
My feelings were of a mixed nature. I
came very near getting a few things off' my
mind but thoughts of that three miles in
tho fast increasing storm restrained me, so
I entered the door, by this time very hoapi-
ably opened, and prepared to help my bos-
��ho was the only support of his mother,
from military He;vice, he bestowed the
-ichcsaka'. Order of lhe Third Class on her,
ltd has given ber a life pension of five
Turkish ponds a month, She was, of
Course, sent home at once, and hei brother
remaiu-d free from serving.
nd it
(Ahalf ture upon the
try town, and
The Aje of Pericles
Fame is always hard to define
oft"n appears that the names of the greatest
philosophers ot old are unknown to many
people. A gentleman was to deliver a lec-
Ag'1 of Pericles" in a coua-
two of the citizens were
speaking of it.
After a a few remarks upon the lecturer,
Mr. Brown asked : " What arc periclea,
anyway, Smith'."
"Well, Brown, 1 don't exactly know,
but it is3ome kind of shellfish.'
"Oh, yes ! Then, of course,' the age' haa
reference to the time they have been out of
water."
teas get this visit off her mind in a pi
The excavated temples near Bombay, in
India, would require the labour of I0,noo
meu for forty yeara to complete,
The 'lerman Oovernmenl will not use
whito horses in the army in the future. In
a battle the enemy can discern white horses
M,nK  at��consid
I
..ble distance. TROUT
���
LAKE
���
EST
CITY
B.0
%
The above town site is now on the market, and lots are being
rapidly bought up by local parties. It is situated at the north end of
Trout Lake, in the
whicli is going to be one of the RICHEST MINING REGIONS in
America, NUMEROUS RICH CLAIMS have been found close to this
town site, which will make it the DISTRIBUTING POINT for an
IMMENSE TRACT OF COUNTRY. It is the only level land at the
north end of the lake. The owners intend to expend money on streets
and other improvements in the Spring. The trail from Lardeau City,
on Arrow Lake, to Kootenay Lake, runs through the town site. For
the NEXT THIRTY DAYS corners will be sold at $150 and insides
$100.
For further particulars apply to
0 E. PERRY & CO.,
at the Head Office, Nelson, B.C., or to
Local Agent.
REVELSTOKE, B.C.
'i

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