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The Kootenay Star Sep 2, 1893

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V$L. V.
No. I
B.Ca Constitutional League.
A meeting of the British Columbia
Constitutional League will lie held
at Kamloops on October 10th, Delegates from all the mainland town3
are expected to be present���four
from Vancouver, three from Now
Westminster, two each from Kamloops and Vernon, and one eaoh
from Revelstoko, Nelson, Ashcroft
and other smaller towns. Tie object of the convention is to diaouss
the present oond ition of political
affairs in the Proviuco, to define tho
policy to be adopted and the best,
means of protecting in their integrity
the political rights of tho poonle of
the mainland against the reckless
prooedare of the presont govornment. Members of the Legislature
representing mainland constituencies, will be considered ex-oflloio
honorary members of the convnution,
"with free right of discussion bnt not
withpowerto vote. Communications
Should be addressed Box 191, Van
bouver, B. 0.
lbe Crawford Milt, Gold Ex*
11 actor,
, Mr. W. Pellew Harvey, of Golden,
has been appointed agent, in British
Colombia for the Crawford mill,
"which is claimed to be the oheapest
and most reliable gold extractor yet
known, ils great advantages being
minimum outlay in capital; great
feoonomy in transport and erection;
low coosnmptibn of waiei; small
power required for driving; extreme
fine grinning; simplicity of construction ; ease of management; g'vator
efficiency than any oilier mocha lieal
process; no roasting ; all mercury
recovered. Mr. Harvey has in operation a plant capable of treating 100
lbs. ot ore a day, and invites gentlemen interested in snch matters to
oome and witness tests made of their
samples. ,He is offering to make a
free test of 20 lbs. and upwards.
The amount of gold which can be
saved from the worst kind of refractory ote is cjuite 7B per cent, of assay
value, and for better class ores from
80 to 96 per oent.
Reims'* ih Six HoTjRS.-Distressiug
kidney and bladder diseases relieved
In siu hours by the New Great South
American Kidney Caie, This new
remedy is a great surprise and delight to physicians on account of its
exceeding promptness in relieving
pain in the bladder, kidneys, back
and every part of the urinary prts-
Sagesfin male or female. It relieves
retention of water and pain in passing
it almost immediately. If you want
cjuick relief and cure this is your
remedy. At Revelstoke Pharmacy.
Ir*-** ������  i    f	
Mr. Collin, the New York banker who
is bunting near Trout Lake, bagged two
large bears this week.
Donald Football Club issues a challenge to Rovelstoke. See the secretary's
lotter in another column.
Mr. Bay]is will conduct service in
the Presbytf-rian church to-morrow at
7.110. p.m.; Sabbath-sehool at 2.30._
Rov. 0. A. Procnnier will preach in the
I Methodist church to-morrow; morning
! at 10,30, evening at 7.30. Sunday-school
1 in tho church at 2.30.
The first locomotive was unloaded at
Nakusp lust week. It is being used in
construction work on the Nukusp and
Blooan Ry.���Prospector.
Itch on human and hnrsos and all
animals enrod in 30 minutes by Wool-
ford's Sanitary Lotion. This never fails.
Sold at Revelstoko Pharmacy,
l'he Rev, F. Yollaud will conduct
Oliaroh of England services io the
schoolroom to-morrow. Morning at 11;
evening ut 7.30. Holy Communion at
morning service.
Mv. Wm. Tlwmlinson, manager for
Bourno Bros, and, an old Revelstokian,
has been selected by the people of New
Denvor to lill the honorable position of
jurtioo of the peace.
Mr, D. Robinson has bought but the
interest uf Miss Stnen in the Revelstoko
Lumber Co. and is now sole proprietor;
Miss Steen was legatee under tho will
of her brother, the late J, C. Steen.
, Capt, Short, who commanded the str.
Lytton for three years and has a lot of
friends iu Revelstoke, is, now captain
of the Kootenay, Capt. SesMtt being
n.f.,i,.o,i ih Um i :,i1ni"ti'iiii ns mate.
] of their game and fish to the hotels, The
I men ure stalwart looking follows, taller
and bettor looking than thr. average of
B.C. Indians.
The news conies from Spokane that
the Nelson k Fort Sheppard Railway is |
being built for the C.P.R-, and that a | tht
line np the Sloean River to New Denver
and Naknsp is to be built at no very-
distant date. This is to connect with
the C.P.R. main line at Revelstoke, thus
living an alternative route from Spokane
To the Coast. This wonl ' be a line thing
for Revelstoke, the only drawback being
that it wonld not bring any of the
blessings of competition.
Magnifioent weather 1ms prevailed
hein for the past two mouths, the thermometer rarely going above 82 in the
Bhade, with an almost clou [less sky.
While storms have been prevailing both
on the Atlantic ami Pacific coasts wn
have been enjoying tranquil mimmor
weather.   Tomatoes aro ripening fast
frnoM oon own oobbespondent, |
Nakusp, Aug, 29th.
Considering the short time that actual
work has beon in progress the railway
"���liitractors are to be congratulated on
rood spoi'.l they are making. Thn
roud bed has been graded for smuo dis-
tuncp out. of town, the mils have been
laid, switches completed in every detail,
aud the truck is ready for the arrival of
the rolling stock at this ond. The com
plctiotiol lho road to tlio head of Slooan
Lake will be celebrated iu December.
According to tho survey map the railway is to reach Carpenter Creek by way
of Wilson Crock. Tins route will be an
impossible one unless a tnnnel is made
through the diyidiug rouge Half tho
pre-emption at Three Forks has beeu
given to the C.P.R. for terminal purposes, The owners uf tin* New Denver
townsite have also offered over 100 acres
to tlio Nakusn k Slocuu Co. for tlio sumo
and the gardens, niter the moist spring j purpose.   So it wonld seem that iSow
transferred li) the Ooldrhbia as mute
Tom Reid and Sam Hill left yesterday
In their new boat for their ranch a short
distance this side of Hall's Landing;
They sent down 3,000 feet of lumber the
nay before and will put up a house at
The annual Masnnio sermon will be
preached by the Rev. C. A. Procnnier
in the Methodist churoh on Sunday
evening, September 10th. Masons will
appear in full regalia. A cordial invitation is extended to all;
Hull Bros, sent down two carloads of
prime cattle per str. Columbia this
wook, one on Monday for Sayward and
one on Thursday for Perdue & Wilson,
Nelsou. A carload wns also brought in
on Wednesday (or Revelstoke.
Mr. W. A. Jowett, of Nelson, came up
on Wednesday's boat. He is very hope-
fill as to the future of our mining industry and does not 'hiuk ilia present
dullness will continue long. He himself
is busy enough. Mr. Jowett left for the
Coast Wednesday night.
Mrs. and .Miss Howson, who came
hero from Clinton, Out., abont a year
and half ago on a visit to Mr. Robert
Howsou, returned to Clinton on Thursday morning's exuress,   A large circle
Cleaned. Repaired, Altered
and ptlt in good sliape
At Tappen Siding,  nt once, 10
good Woods Men, 5 good Teamsters.
���Apply to
Jos. Genelle.
Is horeby given, that in pursuance
of the Act, u Map or Plan bus thio
day boen filed in the Department of
JiiindB nnd WorkB setting forth lho
Lands to bo taken by tho said Railway for Right of Way purposes between Station 1300, near tho confluence of tlie Elk aud Kootenay
Rivers, thenco up the Elk River uud
Kootenay valleys to Station 2350, u
distauco of 20 miles.
(Signed)       W, SANSON,
Managing Director.
4th August, 1893.
feest Accommodation  in the City,
Bplendid Fishing, Boating, Hunting
First-class slock of
Wines, Spirits and Cigars.
Tront, Lake City is fhe nearest poiut
to the famous Lardoau Miues.
All Information given to prospeotors
and buyers of miuiug olaims,
Front Street,
lUEVHLSTOKti' ��.(.'���'
of friends express deep regret at their
departure, Mis< Howson being au especial favorite with her Sunday-school
Mr. S. Needham shot n oiouster hawk
ou Mouday morning whicli is said to be
the largest ever seen in tho district. It
measured 11 inches from tip to lip. It
wns [lurched nu a slump overlooking
Mr. Needham's chicken ranch, and was
doubtloss selecting a good fat hen for
Joe Dunn has two very promising
claims on lhe divide between thu Lardoau alul Duncan rivers, which he has
named the Asijuitlj and Ormonde. The
ledge on which the latter is situated is
HII feet in width and tho other live feet,
Tbe ore carries copper, silver and gold,
but no assay lias yet been mado.
English Spavin Liniment removes ail
hard, soft or calloused lumps and blemished from horses. Blood spavin, curbs,
spliuts, ringbone, sweeney, stifles, soro
ami swollen throat, coughs, sprains, sd.
Save Sob by useol one boitla. Worrauted
ihe most wonderful Blemish Cure ever
known.   Tho lievelsiokn I'barmacv.
Rheumatism Ccnsi) ib a Day.���South
American Rheumatic Onre for Rheumatism ami Neuralgia radically cures in 1
to 3 days. Its action upon the system is
remarkable and mysterious, It removes
at once (he oauSe and the disease immediately disappears. The first dose greatly
benefits,���75 cents. At the Revelstoke
��� John Boyd arrivod down from Dowuio
Creek, Big Bend, on Monday. Uo has
taken up a pre-emption of 320 acres of
fine mcanow land fronting on the river,
Mr. Boyd says tbe best farming land in
the interior is to bo met with in the Big
Bend country, tho timber having been
cleared oft' by beavers yoars ago. They
aro still plentiful Ibeio.
J. W. Haskins and W. Miller left on
Thursday niglit for Kamloops, whenco
thoy will go up the North Thompson
River, where Mr. Raskin-) has to inspect
aud report on a silver mining property
near Adams Lake. The ore is what is
called free silver and is similar to that
of tho celebrated Oomstook lode, with
which Mr. Raskins had considerable
experience. They will return in about
two weeks nnd go to Big bend.
A portion of the Shuswap tribe of
Indians is encamped on the opposite
shore of the river, and every evening
the ruddy glare of their camo lires adds
to thc piotnres^uenets of tho scene
The.? hflte killed several flfle cariboo
over Ifl the Gold Range, where they art
hQtii lo bu very plentiful.   They dispose
and eurly summer, are looking splondi
To those  requiring  life-giving   ozone
there is nothing like spending a couple
of months in the mountains at this season nf the year,
Tho Fire Brigade has been called out
threo times during tho week to a Are
amongst the brush and dry timber on tho
east sido of Douglas Street. On Wednesday a trench was dug around it, tho
tire ooralled, aud a man employed to
watch it all night. By Thursday it hud
burnt itself ont. There are several
houses within tifty yards, and had there
been any wind uo efforts conld have
naved them from destruction. How the
ure originated is not known, but people
ought to be very careful where they
throw thoir matches or cigar ends, as
after snch a long spell of hot weather
all vegetation and decayed timber are
like tinder.
The Oliver Comedy Company gave a
first-class entertainment in Bourne's
Hall on Monday evening to a medium
audience. Tho clever performance of
Messrs. Oliver aud Courtney on various
odd musical instruments evoked a great
deal of applause, while Will Courtney's
representation of a "nigger" comedian
wns a great success. Littlo Florrie and
Goldie Parker pleased the audience immensely, and tho boy Guy's cornet solo
was very well rendered. Miss Crickett
Oliver, who filled a varied rolo, was exceeding good in all. It was intended to
give a performance on Tuesday evening,
but on account of the company haviug
to leuve on the Pacific Express the timo
fixed for the commencement was too
early to attract an audience.
Quartz Carrying- GO oz. Gold.
Wm. Kirkup aud A, Whelan, who
have boen prospecting in Big Bend,
arrived down on Wednesday night on a
raft. They allowed thoir oraft to get
too near the entrance to the canyon two
or three miles up and had to go through
the rapids. The raft held together and
they held to the raft, and came out all
right. They bring specimens from a
promising gold quartz ledge they have
located about three miles east of McCulloch Creok, and yesterday a sample
was assayed by Mr. Holdich, and the
gratifying result was 00 ounces of gold
to tho ton. They also found a yellow
mineral very much like sulphur, which
may or may not bo valuable.
Douald Football Club*
Deah Str,���Haying organized au
Association Football Club here, we are
anxious to arrauge matches with Revelstoke. We oould bring our own ball.
Ciin you do anything to holp us in this
watt'-'i-'��� Yours truly,
Seoretary and Treasurer.
rjc'iald, Aug. 30th, 1893.
[from nil.' own ioi:i:i..::"ci.<iii'NT. |
New l'r.NVi'i!, Aug. 2.)th.
Mr. Byron N. White returned from
Spokane at 'lie lioginnini* of tho woek
nnd immediately wont tip lo (ho Sloean
Star. This proporty has bad more de-
vilupiiiunt ivnik done on it than any
oilier iu 'he camp. No* ait.uupl has
been make lo lake ore mil, and only
such Ol'B as inconveniences thn development woik is put dji lho dump, Tho
working expenses of 'liis mino amounts
to 82,600 a month,
Anico ledgo has been uncovered on
the Buffalo mineral olaim at Fonr Milo,
whilo closo by the owners of the Read k,
Robertson group urn hard at work
showing up their prnnerty,
Fur simplicity in nomenclature we
wonld award thu palm to a prospector
who recently named his claim the
Woolloomooloo (eight o's please Mr.
"Men aro decoivcrs evor." So, at all
events, was tho opinion of a lady who
has recorded a bill for one-eight interest
io si veral mineral claims in the record
ollico hore, whicli bill of sale, in tho
event of a certain promise of marriage
not boing fulfilled by tho original owner
oi the Interests, will enlitto tho fair ouo
tc tho said oiie-oiivlit interests.
Sixty men aro at work on lho wagon
fofi'l between Roar Lake and New Den-
v':x. Contractor OanferoB eipoo'td to
finch Now Denver about tbo '5th of
Denvor stands a good Chance of being
tho railway centre as well as the dis-
li'ibutiug point for the Sloean dislrict,
In connection with i.ho railway New
Denver will build tramways to lhe various mines withiu a radinu of 15 miles,
Mr. A. Mcintosh of the Zenith Lumber Co. ia bnildiug a business block on
Slooan Ave., two lots east of Madden's
Hot' 1. The building will lie two storeys,
with the upper lloor fitted up as a Iirst--
olass lodging-house, a much-unedod institution in Naknsp. Half the ground
floor will be used as a real estate office,
while the other half will bo let to T. A.
Garland k Co., dry goods merchants.
Mr. Lacasto, who has been with us
but a few weeks, is building up a reputation as a tonsni'ial artist. Recognising
tbe stability of Iho towo he is about to
build a shaving palace with bathrooms
attached, whero a Turkish bath cau bo
obtained equal to anything iu the large
cities of tho Dominion.
The citizens have waited a long timo
for the Townsite Co. to mako an easier
grade up Slocau Ave. Gettting tired of
waiting they determined to do the job
themselves. So thoy got out a subscription list and ��200 was soon put up
by public spirited citizens, while the
chronic kickers who novor put their
hand in their pocket except to add to
their hoard never gavo a cent, Contractor Nanlt was asked to give an estimate, and now he hus completed the
work it is said to be the greatest improvement the towu has yet seen.
A representative of the defunct Kaslo
Claim hus been looking over the town
as a field for re-publishing it here. If
the usual bonus cuu bo obtuiued there is
a likelihood of Nakusp having a paper
of its own.
Transfers of real estate during the
week have been as follow;���
Lots 2-1 and 25, Block 5, sold to Stru-
thers k O'T'ool, price $800.
Lot 12, Block 9, sold to Petor Clausen,
prico $276.
Lot 30, Block 3, sold to Frank Bourne,
price SJ275.
Lot 3, Block 17, sold to James Nolan,
prico ��150.
Lots 27 und 28, Block 3, sold to E, S.
Matheson, price $550.
These transfers were made by Thos,
Abriel, who is working up a large business as estate ageut.
Dr. Williamson, official medical man
to the Nakusp k Sloean Railway, has
moved into his new office.
Tho mineral ledges iu tho vicinity of
tho town aro improving on development
and promise to rival some of the best
mines iu tho Slooan.
I havo myself found on the ranges further
south, and therefore believe tlieir existence ia this distriot to be quite within
the range of possibility.
Mr. Thomas Cadmau aarived today
from Revelstoke, be was iu a high state
of excitement consequent on thu escape
of his noble courser, by which tiickle
quadruped he bad, it appear, been
spilled upon the road.
.Messrs. 0. Anderson and Andrew
Abrahamsou have struck a vein of rock
which assays over 40oz, of gold to the
Wm. Miller, who has boen prospects
ing with J. W. Haskins reports good
prospeots for gold beyond Healey Creek
district, both of which give good assays,
E, S'l'oy has sold the Black Prince
claim for n good sum,
Several new strikes have been repotted during tho woek, notably one by
Tom Edwards of a vein which assays'
IU'iO oz. ol silver to the ton. The others
run variously betwoon 0-o/.. and i'iO oz.
to tlm ton,
���7. P. Sutherland and his partner are1
placer mining on tho Lardean but do
noi appear to be very successful so far;
L. Caguo starts next week for the
forks, whore he intends to put in tli6
fall digging for gold, He has been
very busy for some days at the forgo
making demok-hnnlis, drills and other
Hansen and J, Kinujan loft yestor
day fur Rovelstoke, having completed
their contracts in Trout Lake City.
Mr. John Kirkup, government agent
tot the. district, arrived today. He
loaves tomorrow for Henley Creek trail.
Messrs, Cook k Hamilton s new hotel
will be open to the publio in a few days.
A deep aud settled gloom descended
upon the community last week. It was
caused bv the advent of Mr. H. N.
Coursier, nf Revelstoko. upon a collecting foray. I do not think ho was very
Mr, A. H. Harrison, is getting a
monitor charcoal pit made, his extensive
tuMiy business requiring tho consumption of u largo quantity of that necessary
Owing to the protracted spell of dry
acathor, the danger of fire ir. the bush
is deooming formidable. The surface
soil being composed of rotten wood aud
leaves, allows lire to smoulder for
days o'- even weeks, to bur-it out uc;
expectedly into (lame whenever a breeze
springs up. Persons camping by the
trail should be careful to extinguish
their fire? before Raving them,
Down With High Prices For
Electric Belts.
$1.55, $2.65, $3.70 ; former price? $5, $7,
$10. Qualty remains the same--16 dif-j
ferent styles; dry battery and acid belts
���mild or strong current. Less than half
tho price of any other company and more
home testimonials than all thc rest together. Full list free, Mention this
japcr. W. T. BAER & CO. Windsor, Out!
Gene A Ajeat
Sale oi" 3]lues a Specialty.
T.uoijT L,uin Cm', Aug. 19th.
Owing to the depressed condition of
the silvor market prospoctors aro turu-
ing their attention to othor minerals.
Several claims have Peon located upon
supposed auriferous leads, specimens
from somo of whioh show a payable
percentage of gold.
J. W. Haskins loft, last week for
Rovelstoko and the Big Bouil gold hold.
He reports favorably of lho Abbott,
upon which about ��3,000 u month is
being spout. Tho shaft ou the Abbott
is now 20 feot deep and the ore is improving in a vory satisfactory manner.
The Alice, also, gives grout oncoiirago-
ment and it is the intention of the syndicate to continue work on the best of
tho claims until the rigours of winter
mako il adviseable to shut down for a
whilo. It is probable thai the trail will
bo kopt open to the end of the year.
Mr. Jenkins is expected to arrive this
woek with a compbtement of men to
work the Silver Cup and will probably
mako reyoral shipments of ore before
the closo of navagation. Later assays
of oro from the Great Northern show a
much higher percentage uf gold than
has been hitherto suspected.
Somo line specimens of ooppor4ioar-
iug oro have boon brought iu lately
from tho further range. Curiously
enough the copper-bearing ore ulmost
iuviiriaby lcoutuius moro silver than lho
clean galena, thn general rnlo Beaming
to bo reversed and the moro heterogeneous tho oro thc greater tho prospect of
a large percentage of precious unit \1.
A report conies from the uast bIu; i of
a flud of hyalite-, a mineral, which,
though valueless in itself, is of oomte-
qnonce as a probable ludioati n of cor-
turn variolic.' oi opal, which goms 1
Oi'ui.'uMa emiWljan,
A ualy lien I Cla-misi -.V Assayer*
Lardean avid Slocau Prospect*-1
House Painter. Paper
hanger and Grainer.
W. Ri P0ULT0N,
bus his Hotel in running order, und ii
prepared to accommodate all-comers
IS  I'llM' I I,.',���:.- StVLK.
B V T (  II E R S
l\ UdOARTHT   - -   -    Prop;
First-olass Tefdperanoe House.
Board and Lodoino $5 Pri! Wii:**;
MEALSj '.Inc.      i'KI'5 2JC
Th'." hotel is situated convenient'o th;-
Stnttobi 'e comfoftnblv fumiihedi an*'
tttfd.fSa >'",. olass wcoLn-m.'MWWi CHAPTER XVI.
!':���>', 0 lovor,
Lovo i-i over.
When bad j Etwyndeoomesback, she finds
Lauraine lying cold and insensible on lhe
littlo balcony.
In great alarm she tries to recover licr to
consciousness, ami at last succeeds. With
a heaiy sigh the dark eyes open, and Lauraine rises and goes hack to iier low lounge
by the window, and there lies faint, white,
and exhausted, while, with a great pity,
her friend hovers about, speaking soothing
words, and asking nothing of the cause ot
this strange fainting fit. She can guess it
well enough.
Half an hour passes, Then Lauraine
lifts her head with a littic languid smile.
"You must tliink me very foolish," she
"Whyshould I?"asks Lady Etwynde,
simply. "My dear, I think I kuow what
is '--alibiing you. I have known it long.
Do not speak of it unless yon wish, if it
pains you in uny way. But be sure of my
sympathy always."
"I am sure of it," answers Lauraine. "I
think I have never made a friend of uny
woman but you. You are always so good,
and one always foelsono can trust you, But
you are right, .Something/.'.' troubling me
very much. I feel to-night as if life waa
altogether too hard I"
"Who of us docs not feel lhal at sometime or other':' says Lady Etwynde, sadly.
"A time when to look hack or to look forward seems alike equally hard; for during
the one we think of what 'might havo been'
and during thp, other we dread to think
what may he. There are two very sad
things in this life: the waste of love, the j Keith
dearth of happiness. Both of these are
with you now. They were with me once.
But 1 lived through the struggle, and you
will do the same. You think it is impossible now. Ah, my dear, so do I; so does
everyone who sutlers, And yet physical
force drags us on whether we will or no."
"I have been very foolish,"says Lauraine,
the tears standing in her eyes as they look
out at the quiet night. "When I wa<
young, a mere girl, Keith and I betrothed
ourselves. You know my mother was his
guardian, and all our childhood was passed
together. Xo one could influence him or
manage him as I oould. He was always
impulsive, reckless, passionate, butoh ! so
loving and so generous of heart, Well, as
we grow older the love seemed to grow with
us. Then my mother began to notice it.
She becamo alarmed; we were parted; but
still neither of 113 forgot. At last Keith
spoke to my mother. Of course she laughed, and treated it as a hoy's fancy. He
had nothing, and we were not rich; at
least, so she said always. He grew angiy,
���md said he would go abroad, ami make a
fortune. She said 'very well; when he
had made it he could come back an;l
claim me.' Tn the end he went to America.
We were not allowed to correspond, ami
year after year went by. I heard nothing
from him or about him. Then I was in-
traduced to London life. 1 had a season
of triumphs, gaiety, amusements. I will
not say it weakened my memory of Keith,
brave, his name was crowned with so many
laurels. He seemed the very soul of honour, of truth, and I���I loved him so. And
one night, oh, shall I ever forget that night':
We had gone down to Richmond lo dinner.
We had been out 011 the river afterwards.
Il was a warm June night, so fair ,<o still,
so fragrant', and he roweil the boat himself
ami the rest oi the party left us far behind.
Suddenly another boat passed us; then'
were two men in it, und a woman, 1 re-
meinbsr noticing she had something scarlet
wrapped about tier and was very dark ; for-
eign-lo'iking I fancied. They were rowing
fast, their beat shot by. I heard a ery, the
sound of a name���his name���ami he was sitting before me, Iiis face white as death, llis
eyes full of horror and doubt. 'Hood (led !'
1 heard him cry, ' and she is not dead ?'
Ills a ('real FarmingCountry���There are
In li.ni, S.lll l.ivliij! nil Mir M11111I.
Camilla's island province, though generally very little known, is one ol" the most
peculiar and interest ng parts of the dominion, says the New York Sun ; and as with
Canada it is likely at any lone to become a
State of o*ur Union, 11 few fact? about it may
bc of inter ist to Americans.
1'riiicc Edward Island lies in the Gulf of
St, Lawrence, separated from Nova Scotia
and New Rrunswiok by Northumberland
Strait. It is the smallest of tho Canadian
provinces, with an arcaof'.1,IT.'Isquuremiles,
and is in shape an irregular crescent, K),")
miles in length,
The shore is indented by numerous harbors, those  nn opposite coasts twice approaching so close to one another that only
narrow isthmuses connect the three penin-
with his suniiv smile and Ids bold, bric*ht | suppor-partiea that to Lady Etwynde seem  aulas that form the island.   .Many of the
eyes that for her were always so Bofb and : repkless and risque,  and   meets  all  her bays terminate in tidal rivers that run far
loving; Keith, with his merry ways and  '"end s feeble remonstrances with tho un- into the interior.   The coasts are bold in
wild freaks, und steadfast, tender heart;  answerable argument that her husband does most places high cliffs of red sandstone
Keith as he was, as he never again cau be , noi |'|imj> anf' therefore no one else need | rising up from the sea between twenty and
to her, in all the years to come !
pitied him s), and he seemed so desperate,
ami I had done him all the wrong. I am
not a bit ofa heroine, Etwynde. I have
little moral strength, and lie promised he
would speak of love no more, ��o "
"So you believed him?" interpolates
Lady Etwynde. " Of course, manlike, he
���kept his pror.ise':"
" Until In-night,'' falters Lauraine.
" When I saw him,when we met as we did,
I cannot tell you how awful I felt, ft was
as if Kate had purposely thrown him across
my path when I was most weak, and most
unhappy. '
"And what have you done':'1 asks Lady
Etwynde, pityingly.
"I have sent him away���forever I"
"Lauraine, had you strength "
"Oh," says Lauraine, with a little hysterical laugh, "we quarreled desperately Iirst.
He said some dreadful things to me, and I
���1 don't know if I was not equally hard
and unjust. But in any case it was better
than sentiment���was it not? The next
thing we shall hear is thai he is going to
marry Miss Anastasia Jane Jefferson."
"Lauraine, you are jesting!" exclaims I
Lady Ktwynde.' "What, that little Aiueri-1
can doll who 'guesses' and 'calculuses,'and
is only a few degrees better than .Mrs. Bradshaw Woollffe? Impossible! 1 know she
has a penchant for him���at least, it looked
like it���but after loving you������"
"Oh, it will be 'moonlight after sunlight,'" says Lauraine, bitterly, "ifl may
copy Tennyson and say so. Why should
he make a martyr of himself? I can bo
nothing lo him, and it isallshame, and sin,
and horror now. Oh, Ood! that I should
live to say so���my darling boy "
A sob breaks from her.   She thinks of
bold   bright,   deboimaire   Keith,
tlie sharpness of pain in abeyance, that left
her, to outward seeming, much the same as
ever, and rejoiced Lady Ktwynde's heart.
" After all," she thinks to herself, " she
could not have loved him so very much.
She does not attempt to allude to the
confidence of that night, uor does Lauraine
return to it. .lust for two or three days
she watches with anxious eyes the arrival
of the post; she is half fearful of a letter
from Keith, a letter that will be a sor�� of
blaze of anger, and upbraiding, like his own
last words. But there comes neither letter,
nor sign.
Afler a week or two Lauraine begins to
get restless.
" This is a place to sleep and dream in,"
she says to her friend; "I want to see some
life again.. Let us go 10 Baden or Monaco."
Lady Ktwynde is amazed,
" Will Sir Francis object ?" she asks.
Lauraine smiles with faint contempt,
" He never troubles himself about what I
do,'1 she says. " We will go, and if he
objects, we can leave again I
Lady Etwynde yields, and they go to
Lauraine seems now to have as great a
horror of solitude as beforo she has had of
gaiety,   She is always out, always restless.
No one they know of the fashionable
world is at lladen, it being yet too early in
the season. It is crowded with Germans
and Austrians, and adventurers of all
nationalities, who throng the pretty Kursaal
under tho shadow of the pine-crowned
Lauraine makes numerous acquaintances,
and is always inventing projects of amusements, such as picnics, excursions, fetes,
drives, an I balls. She goes to concerts and
theatres, she is one of the loungers iu the
shady alleys of the Lichtenthul; she goes to
"It is all my fault���mine !" she cries
between her heavy sobs. "And I have
made him so unhappy ; and if he goes to
the bad, if ho gets wild and reckless, oh,
trouble their head about it. j 0-,e hundred feot. Part of tlie eastern shore,
She seems so horribly, unaccountably however, is low, and bordered by long,
 "���'"'������ '      mind j ourviii^ lines of sand dunes, in places broken through by winding   channels leading
changed that it fills Lady
with dread and pain
Better  the  morbid  grief,   the   dreary j |
what shall I do?   How can I sit still, and ; ttPa% of tile lla3t> l1"1" this feverish and
bear my life, and look on his, as if it were
nothing to me?"
Lady Etwynde kneels beside her and
puts her arms round her in siience.
"It will be hard, terribly hard," she says
tenderly. "But oh, my dear, you have had
strength to do what was right to-day, Y'ou
will have strength to bear the consequences."
"Was it tight?" wails Lauraine, in exceeding bitterness. "He said not. He
called me cold and calculating, and said I
have spoilt all his life now, and he is so
young, und I���Oh, how I could love him
"Hush!" whispers Lady Etwynde, gently;
"you must not think of that.
unnatural gaiety, this craving for excite'
ment und pleasure.
Just as suddenly as she has gone to
Baden, so suddenly does she tire of it.
" She will go down the Rhine." she declares, "and stop anywhere that is pre'.I y
and picturesque.''
The change of programme delights her
friend, and they leave their circle of new
acquaintances desolate at their sudden departure.
The lovely scenery and the constant
change seem for a whilo to quiet Lauraine'!
>ack to shallow, sandy bays. The island is
j generally flat, and nowhere too rough for
I cultivation, The vegetation is very green
! and luxuriant, thick turt growing in every
j vacant place.
Nearly all the trees native in thc Northern States and Canada ,vro to be found in
its dark moss-carpeted forests. There are
large reed-bordered marshes and ponds of
fresh water separated from the sea by only
a barrier of drifting sand, strewn witl) the
wrecks of many vessels dashed up and lost
- in the storms of spring and autumn, There
are large mossy pect bogs, whoso products
give off sweet smells in burning, and it is
Bight! Of,
course it was right. Men are so selfish, lesstlel' eve8 always look,
that unless a woman ruins herself for their' A letter comes one day from Sir Francis,
sake they will always say she does not love. ' He is coming to Baden for the races; ho is
Love ! Faugh, the word as thoy mean it isI going to run a horse for the Prix de Dames.
different to our interpretation. I have not They had better remain abroad and meet
patience to think of it.    Love is s .-nothing him there.   He will arrange for rooms at
restlessness,   She takes a fancy to Bingen, j aaid that hidden away far under the islam
and stays there tor a month ; but it (lis-' li0 seams of coal, too deep,  however, for
tresses Lady Etwynde to see how pale and j profitable working.
thiu she is getting, how weary and sleep-j The soil is usually a layer of decayed vegetable matter over a strata of bright red
loam.   It is very fertile and yields abnnd-
purer, holier, nobler than sensual gratifica
antly to the rather primitive farming methods of the natives. Oats, wheat, and barley
are grown in large quantities, and almost
everything does well except Indian corn,
but at least it filled up the emptiness of j lion.   It is sympathy, it is fidelity without' lot "i people are coming  at the same tto*&
my    life,    and    I    was    young,    and
enjoyment seemed easy enough.   In my
third season, I met Sir Francis Vavasour.
From that time my mother's whole soul was
bent on a marriage between us.   I cannot
tell you now the thousand and one things
that combined to throw us together, to wind
the Bairscher Hof, or  D'Angleterre,  as a I ffhioh needs warmer weather than is fur-
reward; it is cbnsedration without a vow, I Meanwhile he hopes Lauraine is tired of
Did we take our teaching of it from them, moping, ami intends to bo reasonable laynin,
Heaven help us all. Thank Ood, something !    -she reads the letter quietly through and
wilhin us helps us to the right, the pure,
the better part of it. Lauraine, do not
waste your pity thus. What right had he
to dishonour you in your grief, your loneliness, by any such words as these? If indeed he loved you, you should have been
sacred to him for your child's sake, even
a web about my careless feel. The memory
of Keith had  grown less  distinct.   Four
years had passed, and no sign.   I began to
think he had forgotten.   Later ou, 1 found ��� though he ignored your husband.   Can you
my  mother  had deceived  me,   He had  not see it too, dear':   As for saying you
written  to  her, speaking always of his | have rained his life, that is cowardly.   He
unalterable fidelity ; then came the news
then hands it to Lady Etwynde
"lean scarcely expect you to continue
giving up your time to me as you havedone,"
she says. "But this arrangement suits me
very well.   Itis quiet and pleasant here.
nishedby this northerii'eliinatc. The summers are not cold, but rather cool, The
weather is usually clear and sunny, and
peculiarly free from the fogs which are a
prominent feature in the climates of Nova
Scotia and Xew Brunswick. The island
winter is milder than further south on tho
mainland, though to us, who consider zero
cold, the long months of icy weather and
and I shall remain on till the time fixed for \ s|10i-t days would in no way suggest mild
Baden. But you���there is your home, your; nes9,   Northumberland Strait freezes over
own friends " I solidly, aud it was the custom,  if it is not
" Unless you are tired of me," interrupts Uow, to ferry passengers and mails from
Lady Etwynde,   "I am not going to run | the mainland.) to the island on iceboats.
of brighter prospects of a great fortune in
store ; of entreaty to tell me, and let him
heir from me.   She did nothing of thesort,
She only told mo that if I did no"   iccept
Sir Francis it meantjrtin to her.   That her
debts were enormoBr; that I had cost her
small fortune 111 these three seasons: that
���oh, I cannot tell ymi it all now,   I am
not naturally weak-minded, but 1  ���. fere I
myself to be persuaded,   I never
to hold myself blameless; still, had I known
about Keith.   .   .   .   Well, on my wedding-day, 1  received a  lc;:<",'   from   him.
He was possessor of a large for!.:   .
loved me nmre than ever, and he ��
in London, at our house, on that   ���      ;.
Imagine my feelings.    It  was ali too lata
then.    Nothing could be done.   I had t
Iocs not love ynu  .vorthily or he would
never have uttered so weak a reproach."
She ceases. She feels the shudder that
run- through the slendei figure. Sho kmws
her words hurt and -tin.', but she is pained
and angered and sore listressad, She feels
a hatred and ininierir.ee of
stone's selfish passion.
away.   I do not think you are either in
health or spirits to be left alone."
They are at the Victoria  Hof.   Their
rooms are very pleasant;  their life has
been more like what it was at Erlsbach,
spent chiefly in the open air, in drives and
Keith Atbel-   families and excursions on the river, and
visits to tiie beautiful old Roehus Capelle,
"You :   not know," murmers Lauraine;
"y  : cannot    tdge.   Oi love no one can,
1  1 just the U   w 0 love.   For them it is     Tins evening they are both sitting by tho j ijve3 a remant of the once powerful tribe
all so !::���.:.     I everything else looks of open window overlooking the Rhine.   In of Jlicmao Indians, dwindled now in num-
-   ,11 a     . -. these hot summer nights Lauraine has cast I hers to about 300.   They are conservative
A warn. I -    rer ber faoo; she  aside her heavy blank dresses, and wears I and keep up old customs, gliding softly up
:���- es tl i tears iway from lereyes   Lady chiefly white, with knots nf black ribbon  the streams in birch-bark canoes or prow-
sens the    laspof .'-rams,   here and  there.   Lady   Etwynde  thinks ' ]jng through the forests, wearing moccasins
1' :  ��� .'. Is   .:.   ,   little  stern,  a  little  how lovely she looks, sitting there, with aa did their ancestors of long ago.
troubled the sunrays touching her dusky hair, her     Most of the people are farmers, and live
rig '.    .'������ .    Itsidei n ist al-   soft  snowy gown, her slender hands that jn the country.   There is but ono town of
school myself as best I could to meet 1 > mer and n inate  are idly folded on her lap. I much   importance.    Charlottetown,   the
girlhood's lover an hour after I had become 1 "���������'������ ��� ������    ne you      Instinctively  sh,:   comes  forward  and ! capital.   The Oovernmcnt of the island has
Sir Francis Vavasour's wife,   Itwas a ���:���'������ ���    ���      r-  kneeh by her sido.   "Ami to go, Laur- ] been guilty ot a very common fault.   It has
Prince Edward Island is more densely
i populated than any othcr part of the Canadian Dominion.   It has about 110,000  inhabitants, or 54   to a   sqitaro mile.   Of
these the greater part are  of Scotch and
English  descent,    but  about 10,000 are
j French Acadians come over long ago from
', Nova  Scotia.   They   live   apart,   speak
whicli, for Lauraine, has endless interest, j ]rrench, marry among themselves, and mix
and of which the never seems to tire. ! little with races. On the northern coast still
a re
iy jpart.   He should not. a.
1 od, from 3 mr own
he has      ken all 1 iwst ol
ribie ordeal.    Poor Keith ! Oh, wl a   i
wheu t saw what I had given  him -
He was half mad, and 1���oh, how sick and
whamed and  wicked  I felt.   We parti less of pission before
again, and for eighteen months we ever it      good and I   im
meet.   Then he came to Rome 0    sdnti
and I was there.   He gn lib   .ov ay  Lauraine,
other acquaintance,    I thought hi    id foi ��� ���'*'    '    1  I lo
gotten.   Gradually our old ��� ���     ��� '        -     0 undent tnd Keith
resumed. Gradually he became
ompanion,andtheconfidenceand��ympat "He - lertainly no paragon of virtue," jus,
and interests of the past seemed ti ������ '           '���   .                 'You speak is if you too had'loved and
and bi with us both igain,   I dreamt oi " ������                 ng                        irrel I lost     says Lauraine, wiping the tears from
no harm.    He never by word or look be '   ���"', "'''1 know what her   eyes,   ind   looking at  the beautiful,
trayed that he loved me still.   [ thought il 1                            Is for j         1 noble face beside her,
was all over and done with, and fearod no '"<"��� '-������ p|   ��������� ,;     lespiti      1    pa         { faint warmth of colour somes over It
she ask.-., softly. ! s-ent more than its income, am
Koran answer Lauraine clasps her round qnencein rather an embarrassed financial
the neck, and bursts into tears. "No, no ; | condition. All this notwithstanding a
a thousand times no!" sheorios, weeping, largo yearly subsidy from the Canadian
" You ar" the only one left to me to love, j Government,
Don'tleave mequite desolate." Though there is no large four-footed game
"I will not,' answers Lady Etwynde, j left, wild birds are still about in plenty and
softly. "1 wish I could be of some use���of the forest streams hiale thousands of spockl-
1 ime help ; but in I hese cases the tendorest \ ed trout, while, a few salmon still remain in
sympathy seems to hurt,   No one can help  mm(.,,[the large rivers.   The fresh wator
lagoons by the coast are the summer resorts
of enormous eels and countless herring and
Sim-It. Thore are the sea lish which swarm
all summer along the coast, mackersl the
most plentiful, then come halibut and cod.
Of  the half dozen ways of reaching the
langer.   I was not unhappy.   Sir Fran . ���'  ������ ��� ���     tho proud head, v   hits golden haloof hair, island, all aro part rail and part water, One
was very kind, and I had my boy.   I tr * mil   you
bled myself in no way about what might 'again
B3..1        t\  ..I I I,    ill,   I    1 ....,.,     .   ..-if,   .. ,'   i."rtf ll ...   I r.  .....   ' "    - ' I    , .1"    Jill I
so lore We left Rome and oame to Lon
don. Then it wu tha: ho betrayed himself;
then it was that I too learn! I tared for bun
as I had no right to do.'
" And the Oloire de Dijon roses were left
under tho cedar tree," murmurs Lady
Ktwynde, faintly.
Lauraine starts and blushes. " Yes, it
was that night. J almost hate to think ot
it, and yet���oh, Ktwynde, can 1 helplovlng
him? Can I tear him out of my heart':
Tell mc that?"
" My dear," says her Wend, gravely, "if
love were within our power to give, or to
withhold, life would be in easy enough
matter for most of us, It, has been at cross
purposes always. I suppose it won't change
tactics, even for our advanced age."
" Well," sigh-. Lnnrairie, Wearily, " I did
what I could, but Keith 1n1.de mfi promise
thi' I would not banish him; that!
would let him sec me lometimes still 1
Ibat "
"My dear," murmurs Lady Etwynde,
gently, "you were never so foolish as
" i   w:;::," answers   Lauraine,    " I   I
.'��� laid.
" Has he never said : iat bof re
��� 1 . 1. ��� ��� Lauraine
wedding I' i
11 I hi pe      ��� ��� 1
then, 'says Lad;      ��� ' He  in do
,., 1 no .'     !   ia I   lie onl;   :
more unhappy.   My dear, bo wisi
future irr1 avoi
" That is my only wuh now," answers
Lauraine, rising from her low eli   r and
[,aMii,.' her li md weai . her aohing
brow. "And my only safety, too," ihe
adds, m her own heart.
Bul Lady Btwyndo h'-irs only the first
lenience, and is glad of it, and :,,���
" He will not be faithful, lhe thinka,
as ihe moves by Lauraine's jido t. . .-r
oham sr on Mi" next floor. " Men never
1 ar".   So muoh life has taught me I"
"After a storm comes a Mint." [tseomo 1
ui ifi oalm, tho calm ofa great despair, I wl
settled on l.auniine. All human lovo bad
uassed out of her lifo ; aud that life Itaseif
- ,;'il".   "Yes,' ihe says, "I have
Some i'i. ���   1 '    i'l; it was my own   fault,
I 1 10 proud, 100 exacting.
Shall I tell you tiie atory ? Would you rate
���',   ' ir>"
"indeed, I would," said Lauraino, earnestly,
" 11" was a soldier," begins Lady Et-
"] was leventeen; romantic to my
fingertip'. He, '.' irty years or more;
ironzed bold, 11 .1* irt, a king ol men, I al-
u.y hought, Wo met at my first season
in Lvu Ion, loved, were engaged. Ho was
of good family, but not rich,   My parents
- ! strongly at lirst ; but I was their
lid,  in I  thoy had nover crossed
1 Isli of mino, of courso I gained
in, point. Ob, how happy I was! Itwas
liko all the ecstasy of dreams, all the fanolos
of poet, all the purity and waking passion
. love steeping my life in goldou
glamour, I only lived, watohod, thought
foi him, and he all tho time���ho decoivod
iier voii'��� broiks   The bitterness and
anguish of that time seems present over
""he colour fades from her "hecks
aa alic knoels
" ,N'o mau conies
in the ridiaiii moon-
to thirty years of age
of the most Interesting Fa"909 lengthwise
throngh Nova Scotia, affording a good look
at that interesting old peninsula.
Like everyone else, thc Prince Edward
Islanders have half-chimerical schemes for
Improvement, Tlicir partioular one is tn
build a great railroad tunnel under the
Sir dis of Northumberland to connect Nova
S'otia roads with those on tho island. The
island has much railroad for so small a territory, and is also traversed in all directions
l,y tolerable country roads.
Lucky Fritlays-
lii all American history Friday has been
pre-eminently lucky, a fact which should go
a long way towards refuting one of tho most
senseless superstitions of modern or ancient
limes. Coltimbui sailed Kriday, August
-.'1st ; Friday, October 12th, lie discovered
land : Friday, January Ith, he sailed from
the now world back to Spain, teaching Palos
Friday, March 28th, In 118,') he discovered
Bispaniola on a Friday, and November
22nd of the same year, that day being a
Friday also, he discovered the mainland,
The lowest people are generally the first
to find fault with shower eipiipage.
1110 importunes of me .vnvy liver tne
.Irmy-.t Wrllor Points Oul Thai Itril
alii ('nilOnly lie Allocked t).v land nl
Two points,
There is no more interesting and attractive subject just now than the nary ot
Great Britain, It costs the taxpayer of
the United Kingdom ��75,000,000 per
���um. It guards the vast world wide
iiiaeroeol the Uritish Empire, amounting all told to 56,000,000,000 in value overy
year. Its vessels have cost over ��300,000,���
OUO. ft protects half the merchant tonnage of the world. It enables the Hritiah
Isles to bc fed in safety from abroad,
where a hundred years ago tlieir people
lived upon home grown food products. It
commands the seas���or is supposed to do so
and thus saves the people from having to
support stupendous standing armies. It
holds the Umpire together and whereve.
British interests are menaced, whether by
Russian or American ships in the behring
Sea. or by French men-of-war at Bangkok,
its cruisers appear and command instant
Hence the deep interest attaching to an
unusually well written and thoughtful article in ihe enrrent Nineteenth Century by
lion. T. A. Brassey, ex-M.I'. The writer
comes to the definite conclusion that England's naval supremacy is only
niBKATEXEnnv use nation,
and that is France. But he believes that
we still retain command of the seas and
seems to think, on the whole, that a war
with the Krench Republic would not seriously endanger British power or commorco,
The long struggle with Napoleon is instanced in this connection. While British commerce has enormously increased since then,
yet tho use of steam, the necessity for
coaling stations and depots of supply, has
entirely changed tho situation and made the
balance even more favorable to us. From
ITO.", and on So- twenty-une yerrs, the
whole maritime .nergies of France were
devoted to the s'.ibjutfation of England
through the destruction of her commerce, with the result that 11,000
merchant vessels were captured during the wdiole period, while the number nf British vessels engaged in foreign
trade increased steadily from 10,875 in 170")
to 23,703 ill 1810, and those entering and
clearing from the ports of Ureal Britain
averaged 51,(1011 a year. And prize ships
and merchandise captured by our cruisers
compensated in value for all that were seized by the enemy ; to such an extent indeed
thatthe French Directory in 170!) was constrained to admit that " not a single merchant ship is on tho sea carrying the French
Hag." Mr. Brassey then concludes that
British commerce would once more bo reasonably safe if only the navy is maintained
at its proper strength and is elliciently
officered and manned. That strength is to
be gauced by the impossibility of a serious
expedition leaving an enemy's port without
a British fleet being immediately sent in
Mr. Brassey is a firm believer in the
superior importance of tho navy to the
army. Provided the former is sufficiently
strong thc Empire can only be
at two points���Canada and India. Should
tho former country bo attacked by tho
Unite 1 States, its defence would depend on
the power of transporting rapidly ami solely
British troops by sea. Should the latter be
invaded by Russia British reinforcements
could belauded more cheaply and expeditiously from a sea voyage���and he might
have added via the Canadian Imperial highway -than Russian troops could be transported from their distant centres. For a
foreign power to oonquor partially or hold
briefly either Australasia or South Africa
would require an army of at least 50,0110
men. Under proper conditions tlieir ability to transport them safely would be nil
and should somewhat resemble Napoleon
with his 130,000 men waiting on tho Boulogne heights for nearly two years a chance
to embark and cross the Channel.
The writer regrets the expenditures upon
Melbourn defences, upon London, and upou
the forts intended to protect Chatham,
Portsmouth, etc. He thinks coaling places
such as Aden, Ceylon, Singapore, Hong
Kong, Cape Town, Simon's Bay, St Helena,
Mauritius, Bermuda, and those in the West
Indies, do well to be protected against
chance attack against one or
but that further expenditure is a waste,
Their best defence, as that of England's
shores, lies in the navy itself. Not necessarily upon the presence of British ships in
the vicinity, but upon the navy's ability to
keep a distant enemy confined to a narrow
circle of conflict. Halifax, Mr. Brassey
considers the one British coaling station
connected with Canada, Australia, South
Africa or India, which comes between the
radius of action of fleets in European
waters. Gibraltar and Malta require to be
specially defended and held at any cost.
So with the Cape of Hood Hope. In the
event of war with France .Mr. Brassey considers the necessity and policy of Great
Britain to iie not in effective armies and
powerful fortifications, but in possessing :
1. Battleships enough to command the
sea by overpowering any large fleets which
might be combined for offensive action.
���.'. The maintenance of a sullicient forco
nf cruisers to act as a sort of commercial
patrol of the seas ami to deal with any
small expeditions against the Colonies
which might escape otirprincipal fleets.
3. The immediate capture of the enemies,
coaling stations and colonies. Tbo possessions of France in China, Tonquin ond
Africa with the possible exception of Algeria, Mr. Brassey thinks, would fall an
easy prey.
But, in any case, the author of this most
Interesting article considers tho navy is all-
important to Britain, and instead of costing
��15,000,000 a year as compared with the
army expenditure of ��20,000,000, the situation should be reversed.
The Swords of Japan.
Modern cutlers despair of reproducing the
ancient sword blades of feudal Japau, as
modem artificers in iron despair of imitating the artistic sword guards ol that
country, According to tradition the test
of thc ancient Japanese sword was even
more rigid than that of Saladin's blades.
It was enough if the latter wonld cut in
twain at a single blow a down pillow, thrown
in the air, but the Japanese blade, suspended horizontally beneath a tree, must sever
any leaf that, falling, should accidentally
light upon the edge of the weapon.
I Terrible Bungle at an Electrocution iu Auburn Prison.
William t;. Taylor Killed Twice Over in
llu- Electric fliiiir-The llii.-liiiici-y
Went Wrong mnl lhe Victim fame In
Life .tiler llie Iirsl Contact -The On-
lookers llorrllleil nt Hie Unsplnss ami
An Auburn, N.Y., special says :���William (I. Taylor was electrocuted at 12,15 p.m.
for the murder of his shopmate, Solomon
Johnson, on September 20, ISflii, Taylor
confessed his crime to a priest, and said that
he repented.
The electrocution of Taylor was not a success. The foot rest of the chair broke and
the dynamo gave out, so that a second current could not be applied. He was not dead
from the first contact, and soon began
Veathing heavily. He was placed on a cot
and conveyed back to his corridor where he
continued breathing and groaning, with his
pulse growing stronger.
The armature has burned out.     It could
be used no more that day.   The victim,
whogasped and groaned aloud, was unbound i
and placed upon a cot and carried into the
adjoining room,    His pulse grew stronger
and he endeavored several times to rise
from the cot.    Physicians said he was un
conscious, precisely in the condition of a
man stricken with apoplexy.   He would recover, they thought, and the only way to
carry out the sentence of the law was to
again placo him in the chair,     Linemen
quicKly connected the prison apparatus with
tho electric light plant, and in an hour all.
was   ready for the second electrocution.
Taylor continued to grow stronger, and was |
given au injection of morphine.   A small
dose of chloroform was also administered.
He was then carried bodily to the chair,
which had been repaired, and was strapped
into a sitting position.   The current was
then turned on : thc body straightened up,
and ior half a minute 1,240 volts coursed
through Taylor's unconscious form and lie
was pronounced dead.    The  stethoscope
was applied to the heart to make sure, and
Dr. Jenkins and others declared there was
no pulsation.   The tirst electrocution took
place at 12.40, and the second at 1,55.
Not since the electrocution of Kemmler,
three years ago, has an execution of tho
death penalty caused such a widespread
sensation as the double electrocution of
Wm.G. Taylor in tho death chamber of
Auburn prison to-day. When the witnesses had oeen liberated after two hours enforced confinement, they beganrjlating the
harrowing scenes they had observed, and
soon t he entire city was discussing thc failure
of the state's executioner. The scene at the
first attempt to electrocute the victim was
i mat layior was absolutely unconscious from
lhe tirst contact, and they did not think he
suffered for a moment. He was now in the
same condition precisely as a man stricken
with apoplexy. His symptoms were the
same. There was certainly no burning of
Ilesh.   In fifteen minutes more a
was administered. There was only one
way to carry out the sentence of the law,
and, inhuman as it seemed, tiie unconscious
form must be strapped into lhe chair once
more. Linemen were already at work
stringing wires Irom the city's electric light
plant through the grated windows of the
death chamber, making connections with
the switchboard for tlie second attempt at
Taylor's extinction. In one hour all was
ready, aud the limp form of Taylor was
carried to the death chair by three keepers.
The broken foot rest had been repaired.
He was held iu position by straps and the
current was turned on. The body stiffened
up, but not with halt the force as upon the
first attempt, and for half a minute 1,240
volts coursed through his system. The
current was then turned off, the stethoscope
applied, and he was officially pronounced
dead. The witnesses then signed the death
oertifloate and were excused from further
���s  onco
From Lake St. tlalrto l.nkr Eric-Will it
I'liy When  Built.
If the statements which are going the
rounds of the press are reliable, the cutoff
canal from Lake St. Clair to Lake Erie will
soon be under construction. It is said by
promoters of the scheme that the money required has been subscribed and the necessary legislation promised by the Dominion
Qovernment, and that the work will be
completed inside oi two years. A little
analysis of the scheme is therefore not uninteresting. T.he distance by the river
route from the St. Clair Flats Canal to the
junction with tlie proposed out-offin Lake
Erie is 10.1 miles, and by th e proposed canals 50
miles, making a saving in distance of oo
miles. The question whether or not the
enterprise will pay depends on whether the
timo saved by a vessel's going by the shorter route will be worth the interest on the
investment required to construct the canal.
The canal will be about 14 miles long,
and will have to be cut through land varying from n ft. to 40 ft, above lake level.
No statement has as yet been published
giving the depth and width of the proposed
canal; but to accommodate the steamships
that will be placed in the lake service when
the improvements now being made to the
lake waterways are completed, will, require
at least a cross-section of 21 ft. depth and
.aii.Kiui' ��� rrriurnia In force in liront Brl
l.iiii To dny.
The laws of England are, in most cases,
what might be called " men's laws," ��o unequal is the justice they deal to men and
women respectively.
Kor instance, a man is eligible for every
oih'ce in the kingdom, and is under no restrictions as to voting.
On the other hand, there are many offices
a woman cannot till, such as member of
Parliament, county councillor, etc., although she may be queen. She can vote in
certain municipal and school elections, but
for nothing hiuher. She cannot serve on a
jury except in one special case.
All English temporal peers sit and vote
in the House of Lords,
A woman may be a peeress in her own
right, but she has no sent or vote. Thero
is one recorded case of female baronet.
Ali professions are open to a mau.
A woman may not be a clergyman, soldier, sailor, barrister, or solicitor. She
may not even drive a cab or 'bus for hire in
London. Hul women have been
clerks and sextons. A woman wu
high sheriff.
The law relating to inheritance of land
prefers males to females. In nearly every
case an eldest son inherits to the exclusion
of all other children.
When daughters inherit land they share
it equally, As regards personal properly, a
man is his wife's heir, but a widow is her
husband's  heiress only to a  limited  extent,
When a man survives a wife possessed of
| land, he will, in certain cases, own it all for
i his lifetime.   In similar cases when a wife
survives her husband, she will have a life
interest in only one-third of his lands.
A man's domicile is not altered by his
marriage. A woman has to adopt her husband's domicile for her own.
A husband is prima facie entitled to the
custody of his children. A wife has no such
right, nor will the courts readily grant it,
A man has the right tu select the religion
of his children.
A mm has full rights over his own property. A woman married before January I,
1883, has only limited rights over property
which was hers before that date.
All these points are decidedly favourable
to the man. But he does not have it all his
own way, as the following facts show :���
favored spot, and their beauty of outline,
their wealth of blossom are never to be forgotten.
The loveliest memory of my old home i.s
the wild crab-apple tree. Set out from the
forest, the soul of music transformed to
color, in spurred bough, rich, shining leal-
age, and clouds of blushing pink bud and
rosy blossom. The blooming of such trees
is a festival to celebrate as ihe Japanese
hold a national feast at the flowering of their
cherry orchards. And the wild apple is
beautiful in form, in leaf, in flower and red
fruitage into November, when its dense
thorny sprays form picturesque penciling*
under the snow and frost all winter.
The beamy of early northern woods is
the snow of the Juneberry or shadblow, its
quaint native name noting the date of its
blossom. The drooping white blossoms,
with pinky tracts relieved by the silvery,
downy green ol the unfolding leaves and the
refined coloring, make it even liner than the
tinged pink, white and green of the Japanese hydrangea,
li is possible for nearly all (lower-lovers 11
find wild roses or the fragrant sweet briar
growing near their home, where they may
lie successfully transplanted. They are well
worth  cultivating, will prove to be orna-
ion? o the Am;ri:a:i
(N'ov V      "f       .'���
The fa 1 ia ������ ar thai ' ii ".' '.'. ��� iiii hai
a very lar ;o interest m t Fi in a- i y
small interest in the i airs of Si in A
pecuniary indemnity and an ipoiogy
(which has already been offered) for tno
killing of a French officerFrance may properly exact of Siam without rendering hor-
self liable to lie called to account by England, Hut the dismemberment nr the
acquisition of the couutry is quite another
matter. When the question of annexing
Hawaii came up it was recognized by foreign powers that American interests so
preponderated over European interests
that nobody had a right to interfere, Tne
fact that nine-tenths and more of the trade
of the islands was with the I'nited Stales
gave a claim that nobody disputed, and
that the British expressly declined to dispute, If sonic power that did a fraction of
the remaining tenth of the Hawaiian trade
had undertaken to dispose of the islands at
its own pleasure, the United States would
unquestionably have made a vigorous assertion of their own interests. That seems
lobe the case with France and Siam, and
���    ,,-,, I it is to be expected that an assertion of th
mental to any lawn and the foliage is always 3rjtj8|, ��� -  -	
If both   the white and '
line for bouquets, ^^^^
pink varieties ean be secured they will make
i a handsome group when plsnted with tl.o
lovely crimson rosa rugosa, which has recently become so popular.
Tools Should be Kept Sharp.
Two of the principal things to be considered iu the performance of any kind of labour, are ease and efficiency, And iu many
lines certain measures which increase the
ease of doing the work, also increase the
efficiency of the work itself. This is emphatically true in some kinds of farm labour,
and of household work. Oneof the ways
of securing this desirable end is, to keep
the tools sharp, This will enable the worker
to perforin his labour more quickly, more
easily, and in a better manner than ho can
possibly do it with dull tools. Nearly three
thousand years ago, this fact was recognized
by one who said: "If the iron be blunt,
interest in Siam will lie made. Thi
gravest feature of the situation is what
appears to be the certainty that such an
assertion must have been foreseen and disregarded by the politicians who are responsible for the foreign policy of trauce.
(New Vork "Tribune.")
The King of Sum has answered most impressively the ultimatum of France. He
makes no effort to temporize, to argue tho
oase, or to meet menace that cannot be
sustained. He speaks promptly and frankly,
with dignity becoming a soverign, and with
the pathos of a brave spirit yielding to inexorable necessity. He defines his position
with directness and evident sincerity that
must convince impartial judges of the righteousness of his cause, and then, under pressure and for the sake of peace, offers concessions which surpass the bounds of
ordinary generosity. All this will, of
i course, avail him nothing. It is already
i announced that France regards the King's
������,) ,    ,      , ��� ,  , .,      ,     ,, .i     reply as unsatisfactory, and will at once
anil he do not whet the ei ge, then must he I    '      , , ,      ���   ,        .,       ,,������
n���, , .       .i ii   ti ���    -. i.   proceed against  nun and exact her utter-
Put to more strength-       "ha Damn nnnninlfl I r .      ��   .
The same principle
most demands with fore
Any adult man may be made bankrupt or *��?lie3 ^Yin;"'1 it(Jl,ght t0 b,8 considered j , '      ,.      . ,
--'-    '       .**���-��� ���   '    ��� '��nd acted upon by every one who uses what       . .     .  m���8 worm must sine.*, he tnat
imprisoned  under  the  Debtors   Act.   A
married woman can be made bankrupt only
if trading separately from her husband. She
cannot be imprisoned under the Act.
If a man orders goods in his wife's name,
are known as edged tools.
On many farms there is an enormous
waste of strength. Men, aud women, boys,
and teams, have to work a great deal hard-
200  ft.   width at water surface.   Such a
,.    -.   ,      .,   ,,        '"" "*"""> w,i,s   cross-section would require about 20,000,000 , ,       ,.,   ,      ��� ,. ,"   \
something mdescribab e    lhe moment the j oubio .al,ls 0f excavation for the canal, and ! {.ov which damages could be c.annei
full voltage was switched into his body the , abnut 3,000,000 cubic vards for channels
rigidity ot the muscles became so great that  j^g gt Clair
the front.supports to the chair to which Iii
and Lake
i such harsh rejoinder is made only because
logic   and  justice afford none  consistent
with the ag. ressive claims of France.
i.Vew York " Post,")
It is impossible lo  understand at this
distance the merits of the dispute between
France and Siam, but the impression   is
hardly to be resisted that the former is relying upon its military and naval superiority
ancl do \arious other kinds of  work" with Ito enforce demands which it would not
tools which are in poor condition for service. ! make as against a stronger power.    The
        _     Women cut  bread  and  meat  with  dull' reply ot the Siamese Government to those
is responsible in'this case also, to a certain j knives and pare apple' and potatoes and do , demands is couched in respectful and self-
extent, for such acts committed before mar- ! other kinds of work for which an implement, respecting language, but it is easy to read
he must usually pay for them. A man er t'11"1 l',eV nee(l t0 accomplish the pur-
must generally pay tor all necessary articles ! Pn3e which their toil is designed to serve,
his wife orders. He is even responsible to j The men and boys cut wood with dull saws
certain extent, for debts she has incurred | anil "xesi U3e dull hoes in working among
the crops, cut the grass with  dull sythes,
before marriage.
A man is responsible if his wife commits
libel or slander, or does any wrongful act
-.-.-.      "������.-���? I riaw   A wifo is never resnonsibTe "for "her i with a ken edge Ib needed, with" knives j between the fines'anote_of apprehension
, , -!H  that no rock excavation will be required, ',   ",     * wne is never respousiuie ior ner    , t>       , imhh^hi
egs were strapped were torn Irom their | which as yet hlls not boen determined, the I hu.bal*d s wrongful acts.
cost of cutting the canal-estimated at 15 I   ,A man "mv be impelled to allow his |
cents a cubic yard-would be ��3,450,0001wlfe sustenance money while i
fastenings and fell upou the lloor with au
ominous clatter.   But
still held the bodj and tlio chair to which
it was strapped in a 'firm embrace.   The
spectators were not very much startled at
which with cost of entrance piers in Lake
Erie and St. Clair, land damages, commissions, engineering and ollice expenses will
 iib , make a total of not less than 84,000,000.
this unlooked tor occurrence.     Tho victim ! 1'robably  no  capitalist will care to take
sat motionless in tho chair, not even twitch- I chances in such an enterprise on estimated
ing hand or foot, but when the current was
turned oil the body sank back from its
rigid position, and the chair without its
front legs tipped forward, the body slipped
perceptibly, and if the stout straps had not
held it it would have pitched prone upou
the lloor.   There was
from the spectators, but not a man moved.
Nobody had as yet realized that anything
particularly horrible had taken place, as it
was taken for granted the victim had died
at the iirst contact. But in a moment
more a shudder passed over the little
throng.   Froth and saliva had appeared
prohts of less than eight per cent, of the
^^^^^^^^^^^^^ i is carrying
on a suit against him, or is forced to live
separately from him,
In some cases married women may testify
privately as to whether their signatures to
doumnonto were uiH.de without tear or lav-
our.   Equity will assist a wife if her hus-
i band has made some mistake
investment, or an annual net income in this
esse of 8320,000.
The total tonnage passing Detroit River
may be estimated at .*>0,000,000 ions a year,
one-third of winch will go by the river route,
even if the canal route be made free from
toll. Tolls of at least U cents a ton will
therefore be required in order that the
revenue shall be sufficient to pay interest on
the investment.
By the time this canal could be completed,the freight cairiers of the lakes will have
a capacity of 2,000 to 5,000 tons each, or an
average capacity of about 3,000 tons, and at
rl- at I present freight rates will be oapable of mak-
the mouth ofthe victim, wliich was left ex- '��� ing about $48,000 gross earnings in a
posed by a narrow leather mask.   A strange J season of 200 days.
noise was then heard.   It was repeated,'     '    '
and was then  recognized  as a  gasp  for
in executing a
power oi appointment in her favour,
There seems to be some manifest injustice on both sides, but the wheels of legal
reform move slowdy, and probably a dozen
that may once have beeu sharp,  but from ��� 'hat the full demands of France may be in
which the edge has  long  since  departed,   sisted upon and that in the last resort lhey
Horses are often required to draw mowing
machines, and reapers, of which the knives
are dull. In this way the machines are
subjected to a greatly increased strain,
which causes them to wear out much sooner
than thev uuglit, ilia wuik ia poorly done,
and as the draught is muoh heavier than it
should be, much of the strength of the team
is wasted. Now, whether it is wood or
grass, or bread or meat, or anything else,
lhat is to be cut, the man or woman who
attempts to do the work with dull tools, is
must be yielded.   In short, it appears to
distant observers that France is demanding
more than she ought to, and that Siam will
probably iu the end yield more thau an i
partial tribunal would award.
Dickenses may write a  hundred   "Bleak  wasting strength.   And strength is one of
House"arraignments of the powers that be
before any changes will be made for the
benefit of either party.
 am ���
Varieties Found in the Forest Worth Trims-
I    The beauty of our native shrubs aud their
full; use as flowering ornaments for large lawns
I becomes more appreciated with each sue
the most costly things which is needed on
thc farm, in the house, or anywhere else.
It ought to be economized with the greatest
care. It will bo needed sometime, but if
once lost, it cannot be recovered. Force
ence exerted ivhether it accomplishes much,
or produces no effect, is gone forever.
Therefore, it should be directed as wisely,
and made as efficient as possible,
As already indicated, a waste of strength
caused by using dull tools is also accompani-
t ed by a loss of efficiency.   A man mowing
"HE 15    AI.IVH"
was the awful thought that oppressed
every spectator. Spasmodic gasping continued, but was soon succeeded by stertorous breathing, and some of the more nervous
spectators wero afraid he would como to
life. The warden ordered the electrician
to renew the contact, and the switch was
again turned, but much to 'Javis' surprise
no current came. He announced in a low-
tone that a belt was off or the dynamo had
broken down. Here was a dilemma. Tho
labored breathing of the victim continued
and his chest rose and fell convulsively.
What was to bo done ? was the question that
forced itself home to every spectator. It,
seemed as though Taylor might revive at
any moment. The body had assumed a reclining posture in the chair, with legs
stretched well out on the floor. Mr. Davis
tried his lever again, but still no response.
Taylor was
but stcrtorously and thosewhodid not know
that 1:
as         _______
entireseason, would be say, J15, or oue-.   Many of the early flowering varieties may l    	
half cent a ton for freicht carried. ,      .��.,        ,   '.���,      , ,, ,.    *   ���,,���������,,,������
T, .    ,,     ,        |,!,,,,      .i    i ��� ���     be safely transplanted, and those in boom   strength as
It is there ore evident that, as the hign-i } ,      ' ,   ,,' ,       ,   ..    , .       ���, ��� ���,,    ...
.���,,,,.,. , ' 6,,   now may be marked for transp anting ater,   man who w
esc  rate of tol  that vessel owners coud    ...    ,,} ,,   ..   r .���    - �� '
,��.   ....       ���     , ,,...,.,  .      ,    a ter the llowers disappear.
afford to pay is onlv one-third of that need- lr
ed to pay interest on the cost of the enter-' Those who live in the country seldom
prise, the promoters of the scheme must; rei,llze llleir opportunities for home adorn-
havo some other source of revenue in view, j ment with these shrubs growing wild only
If Cauada could be annexed to the United a.short distance from tlieir barren, unoul-
States.the strip of land between the Detroit  tivated lawns.
River and the canal would, no doubt.become " Yo�� can not sfty to�� mu��h in favor of
very valuable, but until then there is no planting our native shrubs," says Prof,
more reason why a city should be built up -Stiles, the editor of Garden and Forest.
���"������������"^^       ��� -'" There is the spice bush of our Northern
wools, and lb
along this canal than along   the Welland
Canal, which is similarly situated.���[Rai
way Gazette.
Hero's To fler.
that'* been toi   long un-
e was unconscious expected to hear
him cry out. Ilsoemod as though the attendants, who had gone to tell the engineer
of the failure of the dynamo, would never
return. Warden Stout paced the lloor
visibly nervous. "I'll go myself and see
what's tho matter," said Davis, and he hastened out lo tho power house. Everybody
remained quiet and the painful stillness was
only broken by tho gasping of the victim
while the fluid from his mouth had now
saturated the strap across his chin,
Mr. Davis returned with the information
that the armature had beon burned out. It
could be used no more thi* day, The
spectators still wondered wnat was to be
done with the rapidly reviving victim,
Finally the straps wcre removed, a cot
was brought in, and ho wos lifted upon it
and carried into the next room.
and moving his hei 1 from side to side, dis
oyes wero closed, but his features were not
distorted with pain. Tho witnesses were
instructed not to leave. Taylor's pulse grew
stronger, ami his breathing seemed less
labored. Ile might recover, He was even
now attempting to rise from his oot, It was
necessary for tho keepers to pinion Ins arms
and legs. Dr. Conwaygavo him a hypodermic injection of innrpiiino to quiet his
Struggles, Ho was asked if the patient
Would recover with sullicient time and ho
My theme 1* one
I siiiR the woman who can hold her tongue
At ovoning circle, pionic or high tea,
I In fact, wherever-he maj- chance lo be,
' gos
Ipol In,
own      ^^^
her   ea-hniere
Ami listen loth'
How  Mrs.   A
gown. ,^^^���~b
And Mr. H. ha- cul voung D. C,
Kor telling tales of tlirly widow D���
And Lawyer K. Is smitten with Mi's C,
Ami DoaconO. Isfasi becoming doaf,
And, oh I much more���as though she never
Of all the ceaseless chit a slnglo word-
And who, not onlv at such times as these���
I mean lawn parties, sewing bee- and teas���
Hu- at all season', when It's for the best,
Can keen her thoughts close prisoned in her
And though a spark may glitter in her eye,
To speech unworthy il ne'er go ve reply.
Alas! alasl let no one look at me.
For wilU regret I own I am not ��hc
Wore I, I really shouldn't tliink it wrong,
For once, to celebrate myself In -ong.
But, she must bo somewhere, so I  have
wond ous woman  who  can hold her
[Margaret Eytingo.
.Mr. Foster Tightlist���Say ! let me have
that five I loaned you last niglit, will yon ?
Mr. Spender���Man alive, I haven't had
timo to spend it yet,
To know rather consists in
a way whence the imprisoned t
escape, than in effecting entry
supposed to I.e without.
black birch, the red hud
and the cornels, and the bird cherry and the
magnolia of our coasts, magnolia glauca, one
of the most beautiful of all the magnolias
"Chinese varieties blossom on bald stems
before there is a sign of leaves, and thoy
look as if lhey had the hair off, but our
magnolias come out, tho creamy white
blossoms among the glos.-y new leaves fill-
in z ail lhe air with fragrance. There is
nothing like it
" Our native laurels are beautiful shrubs,
and our crab apple and oakdeaved hydrangea of the Alleghany Mountains. The
mountains that run down into Virginia and
our cannot be efficient if the tools are dull.
Work  as hard ts   he will, and use  his
extravagantly as he may, the
works with tools that are dull
cannot work efficiently.
The practical application of this subject
is important at all times, but is especially
needful at this season of the year. The hoes,
and scythes, and mowing-machine knives
should be kept constantly sharp. Use the
tile and the grindstones freely and often.
They will wear implements some, bnt they
will enable the worker to do more and better work, and will prevent a needless expenditure of strength. It is better to wear
| away steel than it is to wear tho human
frame or waste the work of teams.
One ofthe things which every boy on a
farm should be taught is, that tools should
always be kept in perfect order. He
should also be rhown how this can be dono.
Hy the time he is eighteen years old, ho
should be able to put a keen edge on scythes,
knives, shears, and all similar tools :
to whet, as well as g.'ind a scythe, and to
keep all edged tools which are needed on
the farm or in the house, in perfect condition for use, And, though this work
not lie dono at home, the plows, cultivators
harrows, and all similar farm implements
The Olil-Style Trnnsnllnn'Ic Jonrney ami
Uml of llie Kiiclng Liner.
The slower-going steamer, say 300 to 3,">0
I miles a day, has decided advantages over
the racer. To attain a high speed enormous
propelling power is required and the oceat
greyhound is like a great machine shop, the
pulsations of the machinery jarring every
portion of the boat. To double the speed,
says the Baltimore Sun, of a vessel at sea
the power must be cubed. The vessel to
plow through the water at twenty-four miles
per hour must displace twice as much water
in an hour as it does when going at twelve
miles per hour. That would require twice
the power. But in addition to this the water
must be displaced in half the time, and that
After all there are attractions in the old
[ style of going to sea, with its leisurely gait,
| its perfect rest, its absolute change from ail
I the conditions of life on land, which are
I superior, in the judgment of many people,
! to the live or six days oi hotel life betweei
| New Vork aud Liverpool on one of th
Carolina are the home of tho rlohest"varfe" | "l101,'1'1 ���"- kept constantly sharp, ' It is one
ties, but every neighborhood has sonic thingl
worth finding and growing."
The editor of the Housewife echoes the
plea for these native beauties : " Tho
amateur will find nothing better worth
taking into the home grounds than tho
native shrubs, vinos and trees of his own
country and neighborhood. He will prob-
ably not be convinced of this until hc soes
the wild shrubs in flower from the first of
May till the water hazel brings out its
catskins in autumn. Then, if he has any
eye tor the beautiful, he will covet such
plants, mark their site and transfer them
when out of flower. One can havo littlo
idea of the noble growth into which these
shrubs ean be encouraged or the fine setting
they make in familiar soil and climate."
One must go to England to see our neglected flowering laurel, dogwood and
spiccbush as flouiishing luxuriant in park
and terrace, tho ornaments of high-class
gardening, Wo ean judge little of their
a light! capabilities of beauty from the wild speoi-
I mens crowded in swamps and woods.   But
opening out
plendor may
of the poorest kinds of so-called economy to
wear plow points to the utmost possible
limit before getting a new one, or to use the
harrow teeth until tho points are entirely
worn od, bofore having thorn sharpened.
Whon buying tools, a great deal of care
should he taken to get good ones. It is of
equal importance, to keep these tools in the
most perfect order possible It is only in
this way that they can bc made to render
all tho sorvice of which they aro capable,
andean enable the worker to utilize his
strength, or the strength of his tennis, to
tho best advantage.
Why She Took Him.
Charlie (in raptures) " So you will marry
me I Toll me do you love me ?"
Clara : " No, I don't; but Agnes Murray
docs, and I hate her."
Hasty marriage seldom proveth well.
As soon go kindle fire with snow, as seek
to quench the firo of love with words,
Playiu? the PojL
Some years ago there lived in a village
near Glasgow an old man named Ritchie
who, in spite of a deficiency in intellect,
was remarkable for making very apt aud
witty remarks.
On one occasion, he was jnst entering the
gates ol the drive leading up to tne house of
the squire of the village, who wa< giving a
dinner party the same evening, when he was
overtaken by one of the guests.
The gentleman Immediately greeted the
old man with the words: "Well, Ritchie,
I suppose you are going up to the house to
play the fool to-night ?'
" N'ay, Mr, George," said Ritchie. " I
was a-going ; but now I may as well turn
hack, for 1 reckon master won't want two
of u��,"
Putting Down Fruit Without Suirar.
Mrs. C. 1). Baker, Wheeling, VV. Va.
writes: I have jusl used the last of the fruit
that 1 put up last summer, I did not heat
or seal the .'ruit, just put it up cold. Get
fresh fruit, wash it clean, put in common ,'i
ort gallon earthen jars and press it down
what'you can without injuring it. Take
2oz. Comp. Ex, Salyx, you can get it from
any druggist, dissolve it in 1 gallons boiling
water, when cool pour on enough to cover
thc fruit, The Salyx prevents fermentation
and the water keeps the air from the fruit.
I put up 20 gal. strawberries, 2o gal. raspberries, 4o gal, poaches and 17 g&l. grapes
and did not lose a gallon. Every jar kept
perfectly fresh. The fruit looked and tasted just as it did wheu picked. I keep
boarders and they all thought my fruit the
nicest they ever ate, being much finer than
canned fruit, I think it .(range that every
one does not put up fruit in this way as it is
certainly elegant and so cheap and healthy.
The absence of tempt-"'.ion is the abicucj
of virtue. rr-,r,xx?xTaai��i^m^>imaMTVviai
fL\\t ilootencttj Stav
SATUBDAY, SEPT. 2, 1893.
The News-Advertiser in not quite
��� .���;,"[ in trnying thut Mr. Kellie
organized the meeting whioh was
Rddrossod by the Premier on Wednesday week. Mr. Kelly hud nothing
whatever to do with it, Ho wds
merely asked to attend tho meet ing
as an ordiuary citizen, This meeting
was the tullllmi ul of it promise nuulo
���by the Premier to the editor of thia
paper last May, and the editor alone
got up tho meeting aud introduced
tho speaker,
Mn. J. W, Haskins is desirous ot
refuting certain statements current
in mining circles that he neglected to
i ..: in the '"t.iliuii tor the construction rn" the Lmrdeiiti wagou road, and
hIbo thai bo did not mako any amend
Hunts tn the Miuing Act. We have
before is n li tti r from Mr. Campboll
Reddio lo Mr, Haskins, dated 19th
I ������ mber, IS')'.!, in which bn says:
���'i have tn acknowledge the receipt
of your oommunicatiou of 18th iust.
tn nsi litting a petition signed by certain w rs of minii g olaims in the
Lardonu district praying for the construction of a wagon rond from lho
Upper end of Arrow Lake to the west
eud of Trout Luko, and from tho oast
eud of Trout Lake to the mines, and
to state that the matter will receive
due consideration,"
In February hist Mr, Haskins submitted to tho Legislature tho following amendments to the Miuorul Acl:
1--Every free miner to hold a mineral
claim on eaoh lead or veiu ho
(nay f'mil.
2���That lie be not compelled to place
four stakes, ns it i.s impossible to
do so in some places.
3���That he be compelled to blaze a
line between stakes 1 and 2; also
'to put in a discovery stake,so as to
enable others to find true corners
of claim.
'4���That thirty days be allowed between sinking and recording.
o���-That any free miner obtaining a
mineral olaim by false represen-
, tatious (that is to say. by taking
advantage of  the discovery of
another) shall have no claim to
any portion of snid mineral claim
ami be debarred from obtaining
any other mineral olaim in the
Provinoe of British Columbia.
^mm':L ���
Minneapolis                   ^ ^ md m^
Sheepskin       mmtM mmim* Calfskins, Dry Hides,
Exporter, of   Tannery.     HELENA, MONT. Pelts, Furs, Wool,
-\ ������' \ ���", ���-'������:M ���- '"^y���>������'���.-\
AAA   i     Ae\A
'- *y\. '"���������:���' '.-..I
QBOiiniTV BaNK oa *\'iNN.1'V1i,jrJK,\poiaB, Minn.
Ft, Da.^RuoaN Na- EaNK, CuicaQo, III.
MONTANa NariONa'.QaNii, HaLBNa, W'lNT.
Piaar National Ba-ja, QniAl Fallo, Mont.
FlTta- NaTlounL Bani., 8poaauaF.LB.WaaH.
Nat. B.nk op CoMMiRoa, St. Loimo,      Mo.
Tallow, Crcaso, Docrskins,
Ginseng ft Seneca Root.
Liberal Advances Mml'i on Sliiiimenis Against
Oriijinnl Bill ol Lading.
Shipments Solicited.   Write for Circulars.
BUlppors from ililsBltilu Correspond wltliatiit Con-
wiiii to .MlunciipolU Houso.
Mining and Eeal Estate Broker and General
Commission Agent.
i <
Guaranteed Correct Results.
Gold  ��?2 00
Bilver    2 00
Lend    2 00
Gold and Silvor    B U0
Gold, Silvor and Lead    4 00
All other assays at moderate figures.
Send samples by mail or express,
\Y. Thos. Newman,
Box 90, Huutsville, Ont.
UI. x-&lfta^'iVY.eU\
.,1 ',rv;..l.-    ' K,; r'.i ' -8
, COUNTY COURT will b< bei
���u Revel ��� '���'.���   li. C, on Sat
September Hiili, 1893, at t��u o'clock;
J, KfBKl i'.
r.' $
Revetstok* ESJ ., Angi 9 b, A
Dissolution of Partnership.
iSoTH        ;   il'"'''"1        tt  ���
parti    ���      ' - *eti I
���    a ���.     M :..     a . ���' "   Richard-1
si n   i* ������.. Miner*  Ho ������, Lardeau,
B.C.j ba  bi ���'   : isolved.
.I.e Richardson will continu
'..:.-.���     ct al     '���. ir    ' '���   ; ������
... ���'���������,     '    i   Irm.
,..' i   '���
FOll    l
0 & H. LEWIS,
,'��� iPPEI ��� and BALLS
Catered fol ���
. ��� :
i '��� . ' .
MDDEN mi)b��,
SfAKI . : ,
,���..'.'*'   J.ADDES   Vf.0!
i      .���.'..'    n ed ' ���  :i '   ',.;!.������:
.",',. in ' ���    und
Lor!       >. ��� ���     ���
.:���.������ '     if-Jl    .
,.i ;.,��������� :>' ��� I   .   . ���
. ���    it '       '��� Iiii :' fin ililiet
L'lif,  B . If TUB
Best brands of wlnfls,li<J,uorJ
." i cigars,
Tlio tHlOOl   "      .'������'��� ' ' '���"' it  ��������� '     I
,. .'. .
Is situated at tJic liead of the North-East Arm of tipper
Arrow Lake. It is tlie easiest point front tvliicli to enter the
remarkably rich mines of the Lardeau and Fish Creek Districts. It will have thc advantage of both rail and steam-
boat lines. The C.P.R, will begin the building of a line from
Kevelstoke to theN.E. Arm of Arrow Lake as soon as the
weather will permit. LARDEAU is at thc head of navigation on this Arm, and will be the terminus of steamers and
that ot thc Lardeau & Kootenay Railway. There is no
question that the Rich Mining Districts which are tributary
to LARDEAU will attract thousands of Prospectors utitl
Capitalists during the present season, and that a large town
will grow up at that point. The history of Kaslo will he
repeated at LARDEAU this year, and investors in Kootenay
proporty should study the situation. Kaslo, in many instances, has already repaid from 500 to 1,000 per cent, to
Tlis wisdom of an investment in LARDEAU is
without question.
For further particulars, prices and terms, apply to any of tbe undersigned.
ROBERT IRVING, Trustee, Broad Street, Tietoria,
HEN U Y CROFT, Colonist Building, Government Street, Victoria.
DOUGLAS & CO., 139 Cordova Street, Vancouver.
GREEN, RICHARDSON & CO., 57 Jameson Building, Spokane;
DAVID P. DOUGLAS, Resident Agent, Lardeau.
Expri 121
Pacifln        - "     21.30   "
and tiifn
ite i   J : real
"'v  York   and   ll ���
'���,.. ���   -'.,.���;..'��� wet  ���
Curt   :
and  from till European  pi
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r.utv  !��� reight   (ta ���
patch    M U  i
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��� '   P, ;'
,- apply .<��� to
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oi y 1   'I. BREW mil
A.g'1 C. )'. R. tii;     : ���
New Denver, B.C.
:, 'i din1 i4JSTD 801 D.
Abstracts and CoMveyaixfc ���
.   tkvtl writ InstrtlotJoils (ot tho
Anetion Mo,
C0PVRI0HT8,   etc.
Ftinfrifniatlnn unit trod 1 [nnillioolt writflto
Ml     ,' t '').. 301 I'.ii'.ai.HAY, Nnw ViuiiT.
Otilcatl     "i tat "t in patonta in Amaru***.
i   ���     i  ' nl ' ii''. ������;' iy a. is liri.iiKlit, t.i'fiiro
till . ....'.''in.'.'.������   r. hi Iretut cluirKO li) the
f mutilic $mt\tn
���        ��� '' "    ��� .mtlfln paper In thi*
ni' ii.   Nu Intolllitont
t 11     V.'.l.trlv, I') ')�� r.
A :  ro      ill  ������'-. U '))���
.   .ua.   iui,3<UliiMdwajt,MowxorlcCity.
Oo you Write for tbe Papers ?
U pu 'i ��� .<,'��� ���' i, nn havo THE'
a Text Book I r < irrwpODdenU, Ito-
",n. r,, Ed toi    ad General Writers.
rr i m or* I'tiii'ii, by
tw* Nassau BTttt-i r, New Yohk, N. V.
.       i ���. :>,ii (nut yoa willr.a-
rAvn niini.il a."..��� ii. t.i,iTK|.ii (or (ramlngj
-iliDi.r;.((,  a   gPECIALTYa
Dress Goods,
Must be Cleared Out Quickly, and to do tills I am OiTcrinj**
Cheap Cash Snaps
Thia Ib a chance, and yon want to lose no time to bny while the opportunity M
For these lines mast be sold off to make room for Now Stool;! coming id
Revelstoke, New Denver
and Nakusp.
Oiant Powder kept in stock at New Denver and
Furniture & Undertaking,
Has a largo Stock of Household Furniture, Coffins, Caskets*
Shrouds &c.
B.C Whit Guest?
\\   '.If la tho W ill, ami \-.! 11 ��� ��� ��� ���!, ��� Hoor,
Ami lift ho lho hoarth, ivnil ividu Ihe door;
'i M' chambers spotless, full' tin-lui!-.
With plIlov.'H -hi I'n- won ry heads;
"Tollmo, ii woman wiso and fair,
Wnnt gitosl comes in thy chooi- to sharel"
Tin' tabic shines with silvor store,
Th" pantry filled 1'niin roofto Itoor;
Tho linon draping fair and whin.'
Whero crystal glasses catch tho lighl:
'Whatgucsl conies by this way! Whal guost
Within thy beauteous homo shall rosl!
Wiih tireless steps she goes her way.
Si ill ordering well from day to day
Her houso, und making bright the shrine
Whero ovoning's cheery hoarth-flros shine;
Until thore cometh to hor door
A travolor, weak, and sad, and poor,
Not he Ihe guest to plca-0 her oyoi
She shuts tno door  he passes by:
Vel, willful, slill his K'.iy.f he turned
Whore brighl the lovely lionio-llghtsburnod,
Alasl im eye- bad sho10 know
The Llkonoss neiuh liis garb uf woo!
Hut to hor homo there oaiiioti! last
A L,-iio-t wiih -iloni,-l i'ii, who passed
Through oiion door, through -lately hall;
Ami waiting nolther heel; nor call,
He drew licr from hor cares to rosl:
the went with him���hor latest guest,
-IViolet Hastings,
A Little Patience-
When the children ask loo many questions, or insist on knowing everything! do
he patient. If they arc awkward and hard
to teach, bo patient. Thoy will learn everything and will nut need to ask, all tou soon.
Remember that children are liko travelers
in a strange country, they thirst for knowledge about their surroundings, and you,
who are a native of many years, should be
courteous enough lo be kind. When little
fingers are awkward, or small brains slow to
gra-!' the thing you wish to tench, remember that children are all left, handed, su to
speak. Think how you would have to try
and try again before getting a thing right,
if you were left-handed, lie patient with
the children, for nothing is so restful in a
qtlii I house os a noisy boy or girl; nothing
is so ornamental in a prim, orderly mansion
aa a mischi9vous, busy lingered baby, and
nothing so gay and merry in a troubled
homo as a sweet little child,
A Child's Playmates-
One of a mother's most ditficiilt lessons is
that sbe cannot keep ber children under a
glass ra-e. Association with othei children
is inevitable; so it the good thus learned,
so is the evil, A writer in the Jeiineas
Miller Monthly says i It is hard for her,
when wee Willie's vocabulary is enlarged
by bad words which must be patiently untaught him : when next-to-the-youngest
comes sobbing home because a playmate
had insinuated that " mamma doesn't love
him now that she has another baby;" when
a struggle is foreshadowed by Nellie's giggling announcement that one of the neigh-
i r's b iys is her "beau;" when family law
i- defied because the children down the
stn et do or don't have tn do thus and so.
All this, and more, must be endured by
the wise mnther who realizes that her encompassing love can no more provide that
they shall come out of daily contacttwith
other children totally unharmed than that
they shall pass through all life without scars
on i '"Iy, iiiiinl or soul. Ail she can do ia
to fortify them as best she can and send
them out into the world to lake the risk of
the possible ill for the sake of the indispensable benefit.
for The Mothers-
It is paradoxically true that the way lo
make children appreciate their home is for
them to leav ��� it nowand then. " It limbers
out my mind," wa- the reason one little girl
gavo ior her fondness for visiting around
among Iier relatives, ami she was right.
model mother does not expect old
hi ids on young shoulders j she mingles with
her children and sympathizes with tlieir
plans, hopes, and fears. She opens up to her
ohildren tlie higher and more ennobling
channels of thought ; sbe gives them ideals
from her own pure and lofty character.
*. baby's mind is easily drawn from an
object, and after telling it that it must not
have a thing draw its attention to something else, Keep a child busy audit won't
gel into mischief. Never allow a child to
have a thing you have refused it ; but be
careful in refusing it that you do it in such
���i way as not to arouse opposition and
Sick headache is very apt to occur in
school children from leaning forward over
books, from imperfect digestion or from too
little exercise in the open air, and not infrequently from a combination of these unhygienic conditions. A child who sutlers
from sick-headaches should be promptly
relieved from such unwholesome influences,
As a toilet accessory borax is vory useful,
cleansing thoroughly the skin and hair. For
this purpose dissolve ona-half teaspoonful
in a quart of water. It is also recommended for uso in washing out a baby's mouth,
keeping it fresh and sweet and preventing
the infliction of a sore mouth. It is a perfect antiseptic and disinfectant, and mixed
with glycerine or honey it is useful iii throat
i (nae whi' woman, who orosied tho continent with two children of six and eight,
took a quantity of cardboard, n ��� issora
and lead pencil, and while sho cut the card
board into small squares the little folks
printed letters on I hem in large I Ionian raps,
making a number of each letter, Then
from these letters they formed words and
sentences, and instead of annoying their
fellow travelers, I saw a dignified dominie,
a brave general and a sunny-faced prima
donna all helping the little fellows to play
a game of words.
Proper Form in Cards-
Kor husband and wife to have each a
separate visiting card.
For a lady to leave her husband's cards
and those oi her sons and daughters in making the Iirst call of the season.
For a lady to leave her husband's cuds,
as well as her own, alter \ dinner party.
Foralady to leave two cards in calling
upon a mother with several grown-up
daughters���ono fur the mother and nne for
the daughters.
When calling for the Iirst time upon several ladies, who are not mothers and daughters, to leave a card for each.
For a lady, If admitted fo make a call, to
leave thooards ofthe gentlemen of hor
family on the hall table.
Isave her card on tiie hall table and send hei
name up by ihe servant.
Fur a lady to send up her card when calling upon a stranger.
To use tho full nan e ona visiting card,aa
" Mrs. J, -i (,'otti t: Smith," ���Oi:-- C ira
Howard Jamesi:..'
For a lady to prefix "Mrs." or " Miss,"
as the case may be, to her name on a visiting card.
For a married lady to use her husband's
full name or last name and initials.
I-'or a gentleman, a married lady or a
young lady who has been some time in society to have his or her address engraved
on a visiting card.
For a young or single gentleman to put
the name of his club on liis card, rather than
his own residence, if he prefers.
For a lady to have her reception day engraved iu the left-hand corner of the card.
Fur residents in a small suburban town
to put the name of it on their cards, in order
to avoid confusion.
For the oldest single woman belonging to
lhe oldest branch of a family to use "Miss
Esmond" on her card, or for the uldest
daughter uf a yo.ingor branch tn dn so
where there are nu single women in the elder
About the House-
Two large screws put into thc wall some
two luches apart makes a very .ood broom
holder, Hang the broom, handle downwards. Nails may be used instead of
A yard and a half square of coarse table
linen will answer for a bread cloth. Keep
a good supply of these in order that they
may always be sweet and clean, and never
use them for other purposes.
Most all house keepers use the half dozen mado holders lu lake things out of the
oven, but ono house keeper thinks half
an old apron hung at the sido or tucked
under the apron string is much more convenient than thc ordinary holder and much
more easy to keep clean and one does not
care if it is covered on both sides with
apple juice.
A notable housewife says of washing
Monday : My own experience is that the
house is up in arms after Sunday ; nearly
everything that is eatable has gone, as all
good food goes. 1 take Monday for putting
the house to rights nnd for mending. I
mend every garment that needs it before it
goes into the wash. You have no idea
what a difference it makes in the wear of
tilings. The rubbing and starching always
enlarges a rent if one has started,
Whatever else you hoard, do not include
in the list obi medicine-bottles. The cost of
these when perfectly new is trifling, and the
futility of saving them ugainst a possible
errand to the chemist's is very apparent,
Nor should tacks taken up when you remove carpets from the Hoar for the annual
or semi-annual shaking be put aside for a
second use, A new paper of tacks should
be used whenever a carpet is relaiil.
Tiie destructive carpet moth and other
predacious foes have greatly discouraged the
practice of economizing by keeping ��� rish-
ibli goods for that seven years'turning in
which everything is supposed to become
available for new uses. The C 'ri/Gentleman says ready-made clothing for men,wi m-
en and children is threatening tu abolish
the once indispensable "piece-bag,''ami end
those store? of scraps from which so many
quilts, runs and rag-carpets were evolved in
patient continuity.
The Weekly Menu-
Corn Dodgers.���Mix a leaspiontul each
of sugar and salt with a quart of granulated
I corn meal, and scald with boiling wator
I uutil a paste is formed sufficiently stiff to
I retain its shape without spreading when
| placed upon the griddle, Mould with the
hands into cakes three or four inches in
diameter and half an inch in thickness,
put a bit of butter abont the size of a pea
whore each cake is to be placed upon the
griddle, and as soon as melted lay the cake
upon it. Fill the griddle in this manner
witli cakes, and wheu they are brown on
the lower side place a small bit of butter
on each of them, turn over, and gently
press as close to the griddle as possible
with a knife qr cake paddle. After being
turned on the griddle and browned nicely
on both sides, the cakes can be transferred
to a baking pan and finished in a hot oven,
or if more convenient they can be baked
entirely on a griddle ur pan in the oven,
.Such dodgers can be baked in .10 or 40 minutes, but are sweeter and nicer when baked
a longer time. The heat under the griddle
or pan should be moderate so as not to
scorch tlie dodgers, and they may be turned
several times, if necessary, to brown them
Corn Fritters.���To one can of corn add
one teacupful of sweet milk, two eggs, a
half teacupful of -ait, and flour, prepared
with baking powder, enough to make a very
.-".:'; b tter, Drop this batter by spoonfuls
into boiling lard or drippings and fry the
same as doughnuts.
Rusk.���Take of the bread sponge, when
ready to form into lo ivos, aboul the size of
a loaf and work into ii half a cup
sugar, ball cup butter and two egns;
flavor with nutmeg, Let ii rise several
times, then mold into small biscuits
and let it rise till fifteen minutes before supper, then bake. They should
have about two to three hours ior tho last
Lemon .Telly.��� Soak one halfbox of gelatine in one cupful of cold water for an hoii'-,
or until it is dissolved. Add one cupful of
sugar, stir it togetiier and pour it into two
cupfuls of boiling water and then add tiie
juice of three lemons, Have the boiling
water in a vessel on the back of the stove;
let it boil after the gelatine is put in,
Alter adding tiie lemon juice strain and
pour into a mold and put it ina cold place
till ready to use.
Tutti Frutti Cake.���Beat to a cream half
a cup of fresh butter and two cups of powdered sugar, to which add the well-beaten
yolks of four eggs, a cup of sweet milk, a
tablespoonful of cold water, ths well-beaten
whites of two eggs, and last ot oil three
teaspoon lids of baking powder, sifted with
an extra half cup of flour, Hake in jelly
i ike tins in a hot oven, being careful to
have the tins well greased and slightly
warmed before pouring the batter into
them. When cold, spread between each
layer of cake the following mixture: The
Wt-U-bi lien whites of two eggs, eno.igh
{juiti-ii/.cu  ouLjiir   iu iin-,KU a suit icing, a
teaspoonful of vanila extract, half a cupful ol the best raisins carefully Btoned
and chopped fine, two tablespoonfuls ol
currants, well washed, dried and picked,
and an equal quantity of orange marmalade,
This quantity will make two good-sized
layer cakes.
Casserole of Potatoes,���Form an oval
pilo of mashed potato on a dish, make a
hole in the centre of the size desired ; brush
lbe surface with beaten egg, and set-
in the oven until nicely browned. Fill
lhe hole with stewed tomatoes macaroni
or with any kind of stew.
Metropolitan Cake.���Three cups of white
sugar, one cup of butter, one cup of wator,
nearly four cups of Hour, whites of eight
eggs, three heaping teaspoonfuls of baking
powder. Hake in layers, divide tbe batter,
baking half of it plain in two pans, t. o the
other half add one tablespoonful of brown
ed allspice, "ue-half tablespoonful of ground
cinnamon, one-half pound each of citron,
raisins and currants, all chopped line. Put
the layers together with boiled icing. For
the icing boil five cups of granulated sugar
and one cup of water until it ropes in water;
then take it from the tire and pour on the
whites nf three eggs beaten to a stiff troth.
Heat a moment or two and then put between
tho layers, and on lho lop of tho cake.
This is a delicious supper cake.
Stewed Potatoes.���SHoe cold boiled potatoes ; salt to taste ; dredge a littlo tlour
on them an 1 half cover thom with rich milk.
Let themciiok lliree or four minutes briskly, and, jnst before sending tn lhc table,
stir in a generous piece of butter.
One of the Great Annoyances or Lire Be
iiinvnl Iiy n Tvtlsl or lhe Wrist.
A public benefactor has arisen and, though
he is merely selling shoes on a small salary
in a city boot and shoe store, he is none the
less worthy of fame, and, perhaps, a monument, He gives away with cach pair of
shoes the secret of tying them so that? they
will remain tied, No one needs to be told
that heretofore the last thing shoelaces have
been known to do has been to remain tied.
Every male reader has more than once fallen
over a schoolgirl who has suddenly stopped
on the sidewalk to tic a shoelace. Every
reader of that sex has frequently stopped���
perhaps it has happened in the middle of a
declaration ot love���while his fair companion lias put a foet on a near-by garden railing and stooped over to tie "that provoking shoelace." Every such reader has himself been halted���and perhaps missed the
last train out of town on a Saturday niglit
���in order to catch up the flying ends of
his shoelaces, wiiose tric-liac on the pavement warned him that if he did not tic
them up lie might trip on one of them
and break
has more than once spoiled tlie effect of a
march ami dropped out of line in order to
tie a refractory shoelace in the gutter while
the battalion swept by. In short it has
seemed ns though nothing could be devised
to lake the place nf shoelaces, nnd as if uo
way could be fouud for keeping them securely tied.
This young siioe clerk has found the way
���at least he has been making the way
publicly known���so that hereafter men and
women may buy shoes with tlie consciousness that they can pursue their chosen
vocation without frequent and annoying
interruptions that constitute a horrible
slavery to their shoelaces, This clerk shows
that all that is necessary is to tie a double
bowknot in the same way that everybody
dues, completing the operation up to the
very last point of drawing the knot tight
against the shoe. Hefore doing that and
finishing the job he brings in his clinching
and perfecting touch. It is done by merely
bending one of tho loops of the bow under
tlie knot, and then pulling lho knot tight
by taking hold of each loop and pulling.
The illustration shows all that is new in
the clever unloosable knot. When the
reader ties his shoelaces and has the bow-
knot completed he will notice a space or
opening between the laces where lliey come
up from tiie shoe to meet at the knot. Into
and through thai space lie must put one of
the loop ends ot" thc knot. Ife merely
takes hold ot one loop, bends it under the
knot, pushes it through the opening between the knot and the shoe, and then
pulls the knot tight bj pulling on the two
loops in the old fashioned way. Ii he does
that not all tlie powers of darkness nor all
the custedness of inanimate things will ever
be able tn make that shoelace come untied,
until he wants it lo. When ho wants Io
untie il he will do so as easily as ho ever
untied any shoelace, A pull on llie tag
end of thc laces and the thing is done.
Which win iiii (in- Gap CnuScil by lhc
Loss ot nn- Victoria,
A London, special says i���A now vessel,
which .vill lill the gap created in the navy
by tho loss of tho Viotoria, Ins just been
completed on the Tyne, and has arrived at
Portsmouth to go on service. This is the
new lirst-class line of battleship Resolution,
She was launched on tlie '.'Sin May last
year, so that the (hie taken tu completo
her has been only a littlo ovor thirteen
months, The builders are the PalmerShip-
building and Iron Company (Limited).
The Resolution is one nf the largest battleships alloat, comprising one of tho eight
built under the Naval Defence Actoi 1889,
She ia 40 feet lunger, ,') Ieet broader, and
o,(iS0 tons more disblacoment than tho
ill-fated Victoria, When used as a flagship
the Rosolution will have a complement of
over 700 olliccrs and men,
Of Sir Walter Scott's novels three are
assigned to the sixteenth century, seven to
the seventeenth century and thirteen tu the
There is transcendent power in example
We reform others unconsciously when we
walk uprightly.
Little Lumbermen'
Toiling incessantly in the great lumber regions of the Northern States and along lin
foresl bordered rivers of Canada, lor centuries before an axe woke tbe eohoes of the
woods, were a busy race uf lumbermen���a
small furry people. In lime harderpoineers
of civilization invaded thc haunts of these
little poople, Hinging shout- and axe-blows
soon resounded by every important water,
and before ihis tumult of strange human
life the furred lumber men retired in dismay.
They wero the beavers; and the Iirst axe at
the forest tree presaged their doom.
They could only live in undisturbed
solitudes, ami from the sounds of men thay
retreated along the feeder and toward
the hoadwaters of tlicir favorite streams,
leaving their "workings" dams and lodges,
for inexcessible retreat.
Much that is not true has been written
about thc beaver and its ways. It possesses a Hal, somewhat trowel-shaped tail,
and writers jumped to the conclusion that
this was usod as a trowel, This was wrong,
fur tbe tail is used solely as a rudder in
swimming and   diving.
The beaver cut down trees, and was
credited with the faculty of being aide to
cut them sn as to fall in any selected direction. This I believe to lie largely
erroneous, as 1 have seen trees cut by
beaver lying in tbe most awkward positions,
Hut ns a rule, it is certainly true that
the cm tree falls toward tbe water.
Tiie beaver is merely an enlarged musk,
rat, with the lail llaltened horizontally
as the musk-rat's is vertically. Their
habits are very similar, though the beaver
possesses the greatest intelligence. Both
build houses upon the same general plan,
though the musk-rat bouse is rougher iu
linisli than the beaver lodge.
Heavers are still to be found in many
partsof Canada���notably in lonely portions
of New Brunswick and Quebec, in tlie remote highlands of llu Muskoka regions of
OnSario, about the north shore of Lako
Superior and the Lake uf the Woods country, and throughout ihe forested portions
of the country termed the Canadian Northwest,
One of the largest beaver dams I ever saw-
exists at present on a feeder of Lake j
Megantic, near the boundary between the j
Provinoe of Quebec nnd the State of Maine.
Above it extends a characteristic "beaver
meadow-"���an expanse of many acres of
drowned land covered witli coarse grass ami
scattered tamaracks.
The site of a beaver dam is generally well
chosen, but frequently one is found constructed at a point where tbo nature nf tho
country wonld not commend lhc dam site
to a clever engineer. In such works the
intelligence of the animals appeared tohavo
beeu at fault, and a great deal of useless
work has been done,
The purpose uf the dams is to control the
water-level by obstructing the course of a
small s*eam, and forming a pool oi backwater. They arc constructed of rough sticks,
eartii and anything convenient that will
help make a solid structure. In coursi , ;'
time, tiie sediment from the streams, floating rubbish, decayed vegetation, etc., ;'di
greatly to their solidity and bt ;i-.
In the ponds formed above the dams,
wherea comparatively oven depth of watei
is assured, the beaver's Iod.:".- are built.
These are rough, conical attain), like gigantic musk-rat houses. In liic centre of
each, with au entrance always below tiie
permanent water-level, is a room with a
floor of water, above which are the bunks
ofthe beaver. The story that tin; animals
sleep with their tail? hanging over the edge
of tho bunks into the water, to feel if the
level is maintained, is in all probability a
In portions of country where extensive
lumbering operations have been oarrie 1 on,
and the streams in consequence have beon
continually disturbed, tiie few remaining beavera frequently abandon dam-
making ami lodge-building altogether
to form burrows in tlie batiks like
lhe homes of tho musk-rats. When
they do this they are termed "bank
beaver," and such of them as I have seen
appeared to be much smaller and of darker
color than average specimens,
In regions which arc seldom disturbed
the beavers move about, cutting trees, repairing dams and lodge-building, ilnriiitr
the day-time. But wherever the lumberman has established himself, lhey have
taken alarm, and appear only at rare intervals while the nun is up.
Thc best limes to see them are very early
in the morning, late in the evening, or
upon moonlight nights. At all times they
are exceedingly shy and dillicult ut approach
inking alarm and disappearing at the slightest sound,
I have ambushed beaver more than once
about the waters of the old fur-trader's
route, inland from the norlh shore of Lake
Superior. One experience there 1 sball not
soon forget.
While working quietly along a small
feeder of one nf tlle lakes which spangle Ihe
Caribou ranges nf lhat part of Canada, J
noticed a small branch floating in an e Idy,
Its hoavior end showed marks as if it had
boen cut with a gouge-chisel. Tho stream
flowed through a desolate track, which was
seldom visited save by a fow wandering
Indian trappers, and 1 knew ilea only a
beaver could have left such "sign.''
The branch had every appearance of
being freshly cut, and as evening was approaching, it was possible that tho littlo
lumbermen would be stirring.
Silently moving up stream I acanned
closely every yard of bulb banks, and every
foot of water. J soon discovered fresh i m-
tlngs. After following Ihe slri'un I'm a
couple nf liundred yardB, I found lhat.it led
to au opening in ihe woods���a genuine
In the centre nf the opening was a good-
sized pool, doubtless the home of the beaver.
I resolved to al tempt the difficult task of
creeping upon the shy creatures, and seeing
them at work or play. Yard by yard, silent
as a lynx, I crept ahead until 1 reached a
well-made dam.
Immediately above itwas a small pool,
connected with the upper and main pool by
a channel perhaps two yards wide. I dancing along this channel, I obtained a somewhat limited view ofthe upper pool, and
saw that it would be impossiblo to creep
further without actually going into the
An 1 looked, 1 marked a lazy ripple on
theiipper pool, Presently a roundish, dark
object gilded across the  field of view and
disappeared,    It  was neither duck  nor
diver, but the bullet head of a big beaver.
Creepingnoi eli -;> toa tonvenient tree,
I slowly rose 'ti righl and . itini I every
inch of the uppi r and low r po i] in 1 theft
oonneoting eli mnel, A couoli ..; roughly
constructed lodges were plainly visible.
Moving about in ilk- wat,-: w.:, two round
ie a is. while cn eping :;' t thi - re, -earn-
ingly upon a barely submerged log, was a
plump, brown animal, like a gig in'.;, musk-
Clearly the innocent recluses supected no
danger, and I determined togetashotat
one of them. Crawling from my tree toa
point behind the centre of the dam, Ire-
moved small sticks and earth until a breach
was made thiough which a rapidly increasing stream of water flowed,
The breach rapidly widened. I crept up
the bank and seated myself upon a log about
twenty yards Irom the dam,
The stream of escaping water increased
to a goodly rivulet. Fur an hour 1 waited
in the failing light, till a marked current
extended between the pools, and turne 1
the trailing moss and water-grasses downstream in wavering strands.
At last a round head appeared whero the
channel left the upper pool. It glided with
lhc current for a few yards, then silently
went under. Raising my Winchester tu
my face and resting my elbow upon my
knee, I waited.
" Ahmeek," the "old man" beaver, was
cntning to ,-ec what was taking the water
nut of his ohosen pond, No doubt the
sudden movement "! the water ind warned
him that lhe dam had been '.titled with.
In a few moments a dark body rose
through thc limpid waters of tiie iower
pool, nml "Ahmeek," spread flat, like a
fur rug on a floor, presently floated on the
surface. As he floated 1 could sec his glossy
fur, his black outstretched paws, his gray
chops and every motion uf liis beady eyes-
yes, even the bubbles clinging to his fur.
That picture of tho pool and the floating
beaver was one whicli comparatively few
while men have Been, and I enjoyed it so
greatly that I rewarded him for the i liter-
tainniont by lowering my rifle and leaving
bim in possession of the prime, dark nkin I
had coveted,
 -alg-OIWXW     ���
Hr. John Uae, tlio Xotcil Ircllc I'xplorer,
.Harried u Cn uml In ii,
Dr. John Rae, tiie celebrated Arctic explorer, whose death in Lou ion, England,
was announced recently, was at on;; time
well known in i 'an i la, Foi s mi i years he
made his home in Toronto and Hamilton,
Mrs, Rae, who survives iier husband, is a
daughter of the late Capt. i;. impson, of
Toronto. As will be seen from tiie resume
of his life's work, given below, Dr. Rae
spent several yeara iti tiie service of the
Hudson B iy Company, and in the exploration and survey ol parts of tne Canadian
John Hie. I, R.C,S,,M, ih, LL. lb, F.
It, S., F, R. G. S,, honorary i rrespon lent of
thoGeographicalSoci tty of America, honorary member of the Natural History So-
ciety of Mo:,treat, founders'gold medallist R, G. S��� was 1 irn i< the "Hall of
��� li -train," nt the Orkney islands, in 1S13.
Hc studied medicine at Edinburgh, and
attcL going I ��� M ioso Factory a- ��� rgi :. i
a Hudson Bay ship, in 1*'";, i- accepted
command of an expedition to the Arctic to
complete the survey of somo 700 miles of
toast attempt id in 1S32-3 by Parry, In
June, lSfli, he started with 1" men from
Vork Factory, in two small boats, for a
900 miles' voyage, The party, which I iok
only four mouths' provisions, wintered at
Repulse bay, In Apr:; th i ��������������� t . ol survey
was commenced, and before il waa titiished
1,000 miles had been travelled and the survey made, On hia return to London, Dr.
Rue ac t pti I a pi tassi nd in c mmand
to Sir John Ri thards in in the Franklin
search expedition, which I fl England in
1 US, Rae was m xl i fieri : unm ind of another Arctic expi diti in, and with two men
he made a sledge i :pi diti m I - Woll iston
Land, covering 1,100 miles ol oast, Thc
Arctic Bhon . for 300 miles i ist ol the Coppermine river was seur . I; then tlie
south shore of Wollast in Land, as well as
Victoria Land and Vi toria sti lit in which
it was later found
FRANKI.IX'S   -III '3 HAD  UE1 S   ,   IN*1      in.
Iii the winter tho party marched southward
1,359 milea to Fort Garry, A journey of
150 miles more brought him to the bor iers
of civilization in 10 days. In eight months
he and his companions had covered in tlieir
tramping 5,3SU miles, of whioh some "00
miles was new discovery. In 1833, as agent
ofthe Hudson's Bay Company, ho started
from 'i'ork Factory with iWO boats, foi the
purposeof tracing the west coast of Beutlua
Land as far as Bellot traitand uniting the
surveys of Sir James Ross and Dease and
Simpson, Not meeting the expected Eskimos, and thus being disappointed in securing dogs, live men started, each hauling a
sledge, Rae among the number, Eleven
hundred miles wero traversed, 100 in new
territory. In all, in hia litferenl ex] 'i.lions,
Dr. Rae covet I 23,1 0 n il - ol lake ami
river travel, t. o I oi il on :' ot. s ime 1,730
miles ol this representi i new dicoveries,
whioh he I id down by astronomical observation "i compass I ��� .; ngs,
Ur. R ie in I his party in I n ir return to
England wi re paid over ��� n w u i ������:' ��10,-
000 for I ing tn t fit il inl rn ition of the
fate of the Franklin oxpe liti m, In bs1)
Dr. Rao assisted in the survey for the cable
from Engl in I ' t Amerl ta via the Faroe
islands au I loel in i. He Is i visited Green-
laud, In 1364 he ndu te i i ti legraph
survey from Fori Garry (Winnipeg) across
the Rookies to the cast, through tlie Vel-
low Head pass, the latitude of which ho
accurately fixed as well as its altitude.
Some hundreds of miles of the Fraser river
was dec'elided in dugouts with mt a guide.
This was his li-- impirtanl exploratory
work. He wrote comparatively littic,
brief ac tounts ol:,;- urnej ings addressed
to the Royal  Geographical   Sooiety being
tiie chic! uf his works,
One-fifth of tbe families in Glasgow live
in single rooms.
There is a possibility thai tlie liiiint i Eu-
lalia, may become Queen Regent, of Spain,
The queen regent, Christiana, is in very
precarious health and is about to submit to
a very dangerous surgical operation. If
Bhe should not survive it the Infanta Isabella would become regent, and in the event
of her death or abdication Eulalia would
assume the reins of power. Eulalia has
even a possibility of attaining the throne
. itielf as tlie little king is a rickety young-
I iter who is not likely to reach manhood. ������ LAKE .-���
Tlie above town site is now on the market, and lots are being
rapidly bought up by local parties.   It is situated at the north end of
Trout Lake, in the famous
mmamm\\       ��
whicli is going- to be one of the RICHEST MINING REGIONS in
America. NUMEROUS RICH CLAIMS have been found close to this
town site, which will make it the DISTRIBUTING POINT for an
IMMENSE TRACT OF COUNTRY. It is the only level land at the
north end of the lake. The owners intend to expend money on streets
and other improvements in the Spring. The trail from Lardeau City,
on Arrow Lake, to Kootenay Lake, runs through the town site. Por
the NEXT THIRTY DAYS corners will be sold at $150 and insides
For further particulars apply to
Y & CO,
at the Head Office, Nelson, B.C., or to
i  L-..  11 r\ I
Local Agent,


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