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The Kootenay Star May 20, 1893

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Array VOL. IV.
REVELSTOKE. WEST KOOTENAY, B.C.. MAY 20. 1893.
No. 49.
WANTED,
A GIRL to work (or a private
family.���Apply to Genelle linos.,
Tappen Siding. M13-8
WANTED,
SALESMEN, local and travelling,
to represent our well-known house.
You need no capital to represent a
firm that warrants nursery stock first-
class and true to name. Work all the
year; $100 per month to the right
man.���Apply quick, stating age, to
L. L. MavkCo.,Nurserymen, Florists
nnd Seedsmen, St. l'aul, Minn, This
bouse is responsible.
NOTJCji,
Tbo Licensing Board will sit at the
Courthouse, Revelstoke, on THURSDAY
June 15th, 1893.
Revelstoke, April 20th, 1893.
Nukusp &  SIim-siii   Railway
Conipauy.
NOTICE.
Sealed tenders will be received np
to noon on Wednesday, the 7th June
next, addressed to the undersigned,
care Messrs. Wnlffsohn k Bewicke,
Ltd., Bankers, Vancouver, B.C., tor
the construction of this Company's
Railway from Nakusp to Forks of
Carpenter Creek.
Forms of tender can be obtained on
application to the under-signed at the
Company's offioe, Victoria, B.C., and
at the ollice of Messrs. Wnlffsohn k
Bewicke, Ltd., Vancouver, and no
tender will be considered unless made
on such form.
The lowest or any tender will not
necessarily be accepted.
A. J. WEAVER BRIDGMAN,
Secretary.
Victoria, B.C., May 8th, 1893.
A. McNEIL,
BARBER SHOP & BATHROOMS,
Front Street,
REVEL8TOKE, B.C.
THE
Eevelstoke Pharmacy
IS NOW OPEN
to the Public of Revelstoke and the
surrounding district with a
complete Stock of
DRUGS. CHEMICALS,
PATENT MEDICINES,
TOILET & OTHER ARTICLES
PERTAINING TO TUE TRADE.
THE
MADDEN HOUSE,
HUGH MADDEN, Prop'r.
Beautifully situated on the Lake
shore at the entrance to the best and
shortest road to the Sloean mines and
New Denver. The best fishing and
hunting in the district, with grand
boating and sketching facilities for
tourists and artists.
The Bar is supplied with the
Best brands of wines,liquors
and cigars.
The accommodations of the Hotel nre
of the best.
CENTRAL HOTEL.
ABRAHAMSON BROS., Prop's.
Charmingly situated on the bank of
the river, oh the principal street,
clone to the post-office and
Government buildings,
and nearest to the
Steamboat
Wharf.
First-Clang Table, (rood Beds,
Telephone,
FIRE-PROOF SAFE.
'BUS MEETS ALL TRAINS AND
STEAMERS.
Kootenav Lake
SAW MILL,
Q. 0. BUCHANAN, PROP.
���:o:���-
LUMBER YARDS AT
NELSON BALFOUR
AINSWORTH KASLO
Large Stocks on hand.
Preparation*! aro boing mnile for the
Groat Building Boom of 18113.
Columbia &  Kootenay  .Steam
Navigation Co.
NOTICE TO SHIPPERS.
Hereafter all freight for Hall's Landing,
Nakusp, Fire Valley and other non-agency
points must be prepaid or guaranteed beforo it will be received on board of this
company's steamers at Revelstoke,
J. Wa Troup, Manager.
Revelstoke, May llth, 1893.
R, H, RAMStY,
House Painter, Paper-
hanger ana Grainer.
REVELSTOKE, B.C.
WORK DONE WITH NEATNESS
AND DISPATCH.
EDWARD LIPSETT,
Sail, Teut aud Awning Maker.
HORSE & WAGON COVERS,
Bags, Hammocks, ko.
WATERPROOF BLANKETS & COVERS
TENTS POR SALE k TO RENT.
09 WATER STREET,
VANCOUVER,   B.C.
W. A. JOWETT,
MINING AND REAL ESTATE BROKER,
NELSON, B.C.
Lardeau and Slocau Prospects
Wauted.
LOCAL NEWS.
Connty Court will be held at Revelstoke on Tuesday,
W. B. Fool has a gang of men at work
olearing Lardean townsite.
Fifty additional aores of the Naknsp
townBite will be cleared at once.
Mr. Tapping is selling cabbage aod
tomato plants of astonishing size.
Tbe excursion to Naknsp on Dominion
Day promises to be the event of the
aeaion.
No programme has yet been deoided
on for tbe 21th, bnt sports of some kind
will be held.
There is a big crowd at Thomson's
Landing, fitting ont for prospecting in
tbe Lardeau mountains.
Tbe Rev. Dr, Carman will preach in
the Methodist cbnrcb on Wednesday
evening next at 8 o'clock.
Mr. J. M. Kellie, M.P.P., is in Victoria on business in connection with a
wagon road into tbe Lardean.
Onr genial sheriff was a visitor in
town tbis week, and left on Thursday to
attend County Conrt at Nelson.
Joe Dnnn and El. Crocker are prospecting between tbe N.E. Arm and Trout
Lake, with headquarters at the Miners'
Hotel, Lardeau City.
The Rev. C. Ladner will preach tomorrow in the Methodist Churoh,
morning at 10.30, eveuing at 7,30. All
are cordially inviied.
Mr. Walter Henderson, a surveyor
aud mining engineer of Quebto, leaves
that place to-day for Lardean, where he
will take up his residence.
Str. Marion is making regular trips to
tbe Northeast Arm with lumber and
material for tbe rapidly increasing ton ns
of Lardeau, Trout Lake and Thomson's
Landing.
Mr. Cassel, agent for a mining syndicate, who recently bought the Snowshoe
claim, is now at Tront Lake with tbe
view of buying all thepromising claims
be oan get,
Mr. O. H. Allen, of the Brewery, has
several small apple trees loaded witli
blossom. They were planted two years
ago aud came from L. L. May k Co.,
St. Panl, Minn.
Messrs. Ebrinanutraut k Madsen will
shortly open business in New Denver
nnder tbe firm name of the Slucnu Meat
and Provisiou Co. Mr. Ebruianntraut
left Revelstoke tbis morning by str.
Trout Lake Cuj has started well. Two
stores and two lintels are almost completed, aud other buildings are being
commenced, wbile numerous tints dot
the lake shore, A sawmill iB badly-
needed.
Tbe trail from Thomson's Land), g to
Tront Lake is being put iu thorough
repair. Pete Walker and Dave Fergnson
left here Thursday to examine the lugs
over watercourses and to replace them
where needed.
ON TRIAL FOR 90 DAYS.
The Ant^ completi-at and lateat line of Electrical s|idI lancet In the world. Tber Un- nevei
failed to care. We are so positive oftl that we
will baok our belief and lendjua uy Electrical
Appliance now In the market and you ear. i.-y II
forTlirec. Montha. Largest ii.ai et 'Mtltoonfala
01 -aarth. F.'iid for book and jiurtal Ino.
XV, T. Beer Ic Co., Wlndnor, Ont.
Tom Roid, who has been trapping
dowu river, camo np in his boat, tbe
" Hattie R." under sail. His lag cum
prised two cariboo, 14 martens, two
beavers, one otter ard one lynx Tin
latter has beon stuffed ami niouutoii iiy
Mr, Goo. Sbiel,
Judge Spin!:, wbo spent a few days
ii town this we��k, left for Ninon on
Thiirsdav on Connty Court hu si ness
The Hon. Theodore Davie, Premier
of British Colnmbia, will address a pub
lie meeting in Revelstoke with regard to
the Parliament Buildings Aul ami redistribution. The date wil] be either
next week or week after.
The Kootenai left for down river ports
yesterday with eleven oarloaus of rail*
way supplies for Peter Larseu, wbo has
the nontraet for the Nelson k Fort Shep-
pard road. On ber preceding trip the
steamer carried the largest cargo ever
taken down river- 14 carloads,
Three nr four liundre I fruit and rose
trees, consigned to different parti��s in
town, arrived yesterday from the nurseries of L L. May k Co., St. Paul.
They had been so long on the road that
they were covered with long yellow
sprouts and the peach tiees in blossom.
H. Seroy, who has spent tbe winter at
bis group of mining olaims in Lardeau,
came up last week and brought some ore
whioh assayed pretty high, hut whether
be has made a new strike he would not
divulge. He was as close as a clam
wbile here, and left for the mines without imparting any ''nfnrrnatiou.
Rev. C. Ladner, who has been stationed at Revelstoke about a year aud a
half, has been appointed to Chilliwaok
by tbe Stationing Committee of tbe
Methodist Conference at Westminster.
No name is mentioned for minister to
Revelstoke and Donald. The members
of tbe congregation express deep regret
at losing Mr. Ladn.r.
The body of poor Sieve Whyte passed
throngh Revelstoke on Wednesday for
interment at Winnipeg, where his relatives reside. It was found by Indians
at the month of Harrison River last
Saturday. An inquest was held on
Monday at New Westminster Junction.
Nothing has heen seen of the body of
Pnshat the brakesman.
Those who shipped ores from tbis
distriot to the World's Fair at Chicago
can obtain, free of charge, a copy of the
assays of their respective contributions
(on naming them) and any other particulars tbey may require, by applying
to W. Pellew Harvey, Golden, Each
certificate is signed by the commissioner
to the Fair and by tbe assuver.
Mr. W. E. Mann, of Wallace, Idaho,
who is endeavoring to make a deal with
the owners of the Silver Cup, paid
Revelstoke a visit tbis week. He went
in to see the mine, wbieh is situated
near Trout Lake, and expresses himself
highly pleased with the prospect. The
hitoh in the deal, we understand, is tbat
Mr. Mann wants an extension of time.
Salmon Arm Athletic Club wound np
tbe season last Saturday night with a
supper. To make the occasion an exhilarating one a barrel of beer was purchased in Revelstoke. Unfortunately
the barrel was left unprotected on the
Revelstoke platform for several hours,
giving tbe station jokists ample time to
carry out their little game. When the
barrel was tapped at the supper tbat
night all tbe conipauy wept, ivith the
exception of those wbo were Good Templars,   The beer was water I
The first number of the Kaslo Claim
comes to hand this week. It is a five-
column eight-page weekly, and contains
a great ileal of rending matter. A long
article on the Kootewy country���geographical and historical���is well written,
its euitorials are pithy and its news
items dished up iu t spicy manner.
Whether it will pay is a question for the
future to decide, but unless more advertisers come to its assistance it seems
doubtful. Anyhow, it is a vast improvement on tbe little hybrid which Las held
sole sway and screamed so loudly for
the past six months in :liat unique town
ou Kootenay Lake.
The practical jokers nt tbe titatiou will
come to grief some day. As long as
they confined their pranks tu chopping
up each .libers' hats ami shaving barbers
previously dosed with alcohol nobody
seemed to notice tbeir lollies. But it
appears that these it alio youth* are
hankering after notoriety, and seek to
ohttiin it by damaging and destroying
property iu the lower town. On Sunday
night Mr. McNeil's sign was eanind lo
the extreme end of Front Street aim waa
broken. If the perpsttntors oi these
senseless acts knew the opinion held by
the townspeople as to Iheir actions tbey
wonld foel pretty small Such couiiuot
is more befitting a hoodlum than a J.P.
Three or four bugi slices from the
river bank opposite the Methodist church
have gone into th.< Columbia during tbe
past few days. Tbis wis uot due to the
rise of tbe river itself, is it is still 8 or
10 feet below last jeir's high water
mark, but on account of water percolating throngh the light, sandy soil and
forcing its way to tho river, undermining
the roadway and berrying away the
sandy foundations of tl" hank, winch at
that point is between 80 and 40 lent
high. This erosion ii lika.lv to occur
every spring with the molting of the
snow on the mountain', and might be
obviated by confining tlio stream which
at prerunl spreads itself Over the land
between the church and tin C, P. R.
traok. Mr. Tapping 1ms offered to do
the wnrk for 825, but we think it. wonld
take ��100 m oo it thoroughly. It will
probably cause an epidemic of fever
during the hot weathrr. nnd we think
Dr, McLean, th* bealtli officer, will lie
Degleoting liis duty if lie does not look
llilo ibe uinttc.i' at oiici. .
NAKUSP ITEMS.
f MOM OUI1 OWN COIHIESl'ONOF.NT. ]
NaJ-psr, May 17th.
Among tbe first to start the building
boom is Hugh Madden, who is erecting
an addition to his already oommodious
hotel in the shape of a wing 32ft. by
18ft. This will be used exclusively for
bar and liquor purposes. Mr. Maddon
is so confident in tin1 progress of Naknsp
that be contemplates adding a third
storey to the main building. Everyone
is looking to see the third story go np,
and we all know it will if business does,
Among the prominent visitors are
Messrs, Schroder and A. Hattrem, of
Seattle. These gentlemen have a mild
bin decisive eye for business opportunities which mayorop np in the Kooteuay
country, It is uot yet known what they
will turn their attention to, but it ia
known that they represent considerable
oapital. There is nn better field fur investment just now than Nakusp, especially on Slooan Ave.
Capt'. Eastbrook, of str. W. Hunter,
passed through for Sloean Lake this
week. He went to Nolson by the Sloean
River trail, abont 34 miles, and prefers
returning over the short trail via Naknsp
-20 miles.
In spite of the stories published in
tbe Nelson papers as to tbe exorbitant
freight rates between Nakusp and New
Denver freight continues to be largely
landed here, and is taken in to New
at $00 per ton for small or large parcels.
Never in the history of Nakusp has the
charge been 4 cents per lb, The price
is the same now as last year���2% cents
per lb���and it will be quite safe to predict tbat it will go lower instead of
higher. If the jealousy of your Nelson
contemporaries will not permit them to
publish tho truth concerning Naknsp
they ought, in all fairness, to abstain
from publishing untruths.
One of tbe Mabon Bros., of Vancouver, passed through here on the 13th
going to Four .Mile City to look after the
firm's mining interests there, which are
quite extensive,
Real estate has bad a remarkable upward movement. Over three hundred
lots were sold in one week, and the de-
maud is still brisk. It is predicted that
prices wil) i.ave as rapid an advance as
those of Kaslo.
The trail is fast being made first-olass.
Mr. Cameron, the Government road
surveyor, has a large gang of men at
work repairing the worst places. Mr.
Fitzstubbs, tbe Government Agent, baa
ordered tbe trail to be kept in good
condition until the completion of tbe
Nakusn k Slocau Railway.
Mr. J. A. Anderson, a former resident
of Nakusn, has been appointed purser
on tbe str. Kootenai. Nakuspites wish
him success.
SLOGAN NUGGETS.
[from OUR OWN cobrespondent.J
New Denver, May 17th.
The O'Grudy party have made an immense strike on one of the claims of the
Alpha group showing a 4 foot face of
solid galena, with well defined walls,
entitling it to rank as one of tbe best
claims in tbe Four Mile distriot. Tbe
boys almost bad their claims bonded
last winter, but some flaw prevented tbe
real from being completed They are
now delighted that the flaw occurred.
Mr. Mi 'dough, who represents Duluth capital, and officiated at the sale of
Four Mile City, is again in Nelsou. He
is endeuvoring to make arrangements
for the purohase or charter of tbe str,
W. Hunter for the summer. What he
will do with Fonr Mile Citv is not yet
known, but the supposition is that lie
will erect concentrating works, as a
great deal of the ores in ml joining mines
aro concentrating.
New Denver people are full of hopes
and expect :be town to undergo a magical change with tbe completion of tbe
Nalni p * Sloca" Railway. Aud surely
it ought, tor tbe Sloean country must
have its supply base, and no oilier point
offers tho ml vantages of New Denver.
So far the town has steadily kept the
rule obtaining in mining camps, paying
good prices all round. But every camp
sooner or later has its tinhorns, ami
thoy appear to have struck Denver in a
different guise to what tinhorns usually
wear. In the past wages have always
been At a day, but it is stated that men
have heen recently paid off with *>i a
day. Onr townspeople should look into
this muttor at one , for low-priced labor
makes low prices all ronml, Of course
every contiactor has a right to pay what
he pleases, lint be should never make
himself detrimental tn a new town. We
have no use for such men, ami it is to
bo hoped the whole town will show a
decided hostility to this out in wages.
J. Currie has slaked and recorded for
pre emption 100 acres of land adjoining
the liigelnw addition.
Frank Doiirne, of Bonrne Bros,, paid
us a living visit to look after the linn's
business interests,and probably to break
bis own reoord for pedeslrainism.
LAllDEAU NOTES.
[Knoll OUR OWN (luRUEseONDKNT. |
Lahiikau, May lGib.
David F. Douglai, resident agent of
tbe Lardeau Townsite Co,, is located at
llie 001'uer of Victoria Avenue and Ash
Struct. He will do a general real estate
business, conveyancing ��nd money to
loan.
Mr. W. Mann, representing a mining
syndicate, made Lardeau u call  last
week. He says if one half of what tho
prospectors report concerning the wealth
of Fish Creek ami Trout Lake mining
belts is true this Kootenav country will
have one of the greatest booms ever
known. The position of Lardeau as the
gateway of this rich mining district gave
him great satisfaction.
Dan Lamey, the merchant prince of
the Gateway City, will bave bis business
block completed by the 20tn. His stock
will be in by that time, ami the lady
shopper or the hungry prospector can
now have their wants supplied,
Those magnificent cedars on Lako
Avenue would make any sawmill proprietor happy, One of them measures,
34 fei t around the base, We have plenty
of snch timber, and the first sawn ill ou
thn spot will be better than a gold mine,
Sunday passed without Divine service,
but rather than this should continue
Billy Pool says be will ��tart a Salvation
Army corps, eveu if bo baa to lead tho
procession with Ins violin.
If any neighboring towns think they
bave a wrestler we want to hear from
them. Jack Richardson, lnmtloid oi the*
Miners' Hotel, has wou great renown ia
tbe ring. We also thiuk we are way np
in a tug of war and invite a challenge.
ROGERS' PASS JOTTINGS.
[FROM OUB OWN CORRESPONDENT J
Rogers' Pass, May 18th.
Everything is dull at the Pass, and
tbe inhabitants are leaving one by one.
" Friend after friend departs. Who baa
not lost a frienu ?" Mr. and Mrs. Smith,
of the depot boarding house, leave for
California next week on a two mouths*
vacation. While they will be missed,
we all wish tbem a pleasant time in the
Golden State.
Mr. Cadden and family bave left for
Revelstoke, where they will make their
future borne so as to give the ohildren a
chance to go to school.
Tbe Hamilton Bridge Co.'s men have-
arrived at Stoney Creek to build an iron
bridge over tbat deep ravine, at present
spanned by a wooden structure.
Tbe spieling of bagpipes aronsed tho
eoboes of tbe Piss to-dai, and the weird
music nmnsed the boys for awhile. Tho
itinerant musicians gathered in somo
shekels and passed on eastward,
Tbe rotary, which has seen considerable servioe this winter, has quit smoking, and Billy Milligan, who has had
bis eye on it during the whole season,
leaves for Donald.
Connacher and bis engine are at Donald. Tbe engine is in for repairs, while
Jimmy is taking a much needed rest,
John Simons is doing the pushing act
at present, and trains bave to "get a-
move on" when his engine is at the rear
eud. John Hopgood and orew have left
for Donald, Dau Alton is bossing a
bridge gang at Stoney and Dan Fraser
has charge of Surprise Creek bridge.
Fred Kidd is abont to be promoted to
section foreman. He is not related to
the celebrated captain of tbat name.
James McNeil is sole proprietor of tho
Queen's hotel. It will henceforh be
known as the " Dewdrop Inn." A new
sign is being pnt up. Jimmy will make
an ideal host.
Mr, J, Hardington has returned from
the Glacier quite improved iu health.
First Shipment of Sloean Ore
via Revelstoke.
The lirsi shipment of ore from the
Sloean country this season was brought
to Revelstoke by the str. Kootenai on
Thursday morning, and was put on the-
cars for L'acoma. It was brought out to
Nakusp by Hugh Maun from the Vancouver mine, oue of the Mabon group of
claims on Four Mile Creek. There was
about 200 tons in sacks, and it is expected to average 8200 per ton. Tho
C.P.R. aud the U. it K. Nav. Co., with
tbeir usual far-seeing eye to business,
bave quoted a special rate for oie from
Naknsp toTauoma of $1 per ton, tlm*
kuockingtbe bott"tn out of tbe Knslo-
Bonner's Ferry ronte, This is only the
begiuuiug of what is destined to be���oo
the completion of the Revelstoke it
Arrow Lake and Naknsp k Sloean Railways���an immense mineral traffic via.
Naknap and Revelstoke to tbe Tacoma,
Sun Francisco, and, let us hope, Iievelstoke smelters.
Three American families arrived np
on the str. Kootenai ibis week. J hey
v/ere fr^ni Washington and came in by
way of Nortbport, Tbey brongbt nine
horses aud a large st'>ck of implements.
Yesterday the Lytton brongbt up lour
families from the Slates of initio anil
Washington. Then horses, implements
ami household furniture, nearly two car
loads, bad to oo left foi tlie uext boat.
The party put up at the Columbia House
aud left to-day for their destination���
Edmonton Five bnndreu lauiilies frota
the western States are BXpeoted to past*
throngh lor the Northwest tbis season,
COLUMBIA   &    KOOTENAI"
STEAM NAVIGATION CO.
NOTICE.
THE ANNUAL MEETING of tbo
Shareholders ot the Columbia .v. Kooteuay Steam Navigation Co will bo held!
at, lhe Oompanv'f office, Rovelstoke, ou
Thbhsdat, Jnne 1st, ��t il a.m.
V. i.i. CHHI8TIE,
Seoretary.
Revelstoke, May 15th, W&. ll I l\JI I IIAI   IMAUIU        Wl   lUIHlAl l-iarv wa   , wa , w VI
A Thrilling Story of Chinese Tbeacuebt
lhe ] roper way an.l as a
business, to his Herman
CHAPTER XXVIII.   |Costisted).    jpealt with in
Several days had passed, and Nforris, al-   transactiou   ii        ^^^^^^^^
lliou.'h weakened mentally and physically ' iriend.
by the silent cause of the unknown horror I And liera strangely it came that Norris,
which oast its shadow deeply upon bim, had in signing falsely, placed the barrier be-
still given no yielding sign; and the tween himself and those who came to seek
1 by instructions, him i tor Bonsel, many months after,*""1
priests, iu part instigat ^^^^^^^^^
from beyond the temple walls and in part
allowed hy Slian-miii-yuen to attain his
end by devices of their own, determined
upon fresh bodily torture for the miserable
man who would not yield.
It was now for a cause different from that
��f months ago that N'orris was tortured-���a
cause that is in the main differing and yet
oonneoted with the other in a way that is
difficult to explain.
When at the first he had been mado a
captive by the priests, they, fearing lest
their deed might prove ill advised, had sent
two of their number to Shan-min-yuen with
a humble <��� nifostion and a prayer for advice
as to what they should now do with the
foreigner,whoso resistance to their attempted extortion and whose subsequent violence
had landed him a prisoner within their
walls.
It they released him,they feared ; if they
killed him, they also feared ; for the priestly
mind in Its cruelty was deeply saturated
with fear; and therefore they came to the
mandarin, their adopted father, for advice,
bringing humbly a tale of lies which might
excuse their act; for to them it seemed that
the mandarin's anger would be great, when
lie learned what had occurred,
Shan-min-yuen received the deputation
and, immediately upon learning the particulars the priests had to narrate, lie perceived that the whole might easily be turned to his gain ; for the priests knew no
Knglish, whilst he could speak an'1 write
thai tongue,���badly, it is true, but still
sufficiently clearly to convey to an Englishman, or to a foreigner who spoke English,
whatsoever he desired,
As yet lie il i.i not know that Norris waa
an Englishman, though he conjectured that
this was probable ; but ho was not long, as
has been seen, in framing t.he plan which
the pne.-ts hail in i
!o do so as   they
forgotten the incident of the worthless
cheok sent by .Shan-min-yuen, or if he did
remember, itwas chielly to wonder whether
the mandarin had ever obtained his money
through another source.
Bonsel was not a quick-witted man, so
that his mind found no connection whatever
between the returned check hearing another
name and the name of William N'orris: and
this is natural, we must admit, seeing that
to the i lennan his Chinese friend was upright and tine, so much so indeed that the
(lennan pressed Vanseombe and Chin-chin-
wa to visit his friend and to obtain
his aid. Had Norris signed truly, he
would have lost a thousand pounds;
but at least those who came to seek him
would at once have got the clew, since
Bonsel would have recalled the name, in all
probability, when Vanseombe first brought
the affair before him,
I pon receiving the check, Shan-min-yuen
explained to the priests that it was not yet
time for the prisoner lo go : but ho did not
press Norris for more money, waiting rather j
till Bonsel should hand him over the pro- j
coeds of the first extortion.
In the meantime the priests treated their
prisoner but hardly ; and then at length
came the day ol the temple's desecration,
and Norris's attempt to escape; and a terrible fate became his.
Such had been the past. Now tlie case
was altered : the order had been returned,
placing Shan-min-yuen in a position difficult toexplain away with his German friend;
and he was alike Infuriated with the feelings of anger anil disappointment, and tilled
with the strong determination that Norris
should yield.
Hc had come to the temple to look upon
N'orris, who was then as one mad : and his
anger upon beholding him thus in a comli-
pcoved to him that in "this iiiea of the j tion which he knew rendered the execution
prisoner's nationality he was clearly ill the of his designs impossible, in taking from
right, I him all chance of gain, rebounded upon the
He hastened to reassure the priests, or I priests ; for to Shan-min-yuen the temple's
ratiter to dn so in part only ; fur his crafty | desecration was as nothing, and Ids avarice
mind perceived that by acting alike upon [ was all in all.
their fear and greed, and upon their ij-nor- j It is true the priests had come to him to
ance of the Knglish tongue, he might j tell him of the murder, and that he had
eventually gain much from what was to be i permitted what it was then in their frenzy
regarded, as far as he was concerned, as a J almost an impossible thing to stay���the ac-
lucky chauei       ^^^^^^^^^^^^^
That lhe priest I should let Norris escape
was no pari of his plan ; tor he laid out
menially other designs for the man now
nu hin his power,
They had done a wrong and an ill-advised
thins, a i lie told them : but what was done
complishmenl of fitting torture as revenge ;
but now, months later, when lie looked
upon the result, and knew that the condition to which Norris had been reduced
ended the system of extortion he had hoped
lo pursue, his anger fell upon tha priesthood in  words of threat  terrible to  their
was done, and it was well that they had | cowardly souls.
i ome to him. The nation to which the j But threats are little when they remain
prisone. bslonged was one to be feared, he i as such, and Shan-min-yuen's anger con-
said,in that the Chinese powers were friend- , lined itself to the threats with which he had
ly with its powers, and would assuredly iu : left the temple upon that day.
some way punish the priesthood for the act, j Time weal by. Shan-min-yuen and tiie
Therefore caution was necessary, whilst, at'] temple still stood apart from one annthei
llie same lime, there was no need tor great
fear.
To priests, o' some of iheir number, had
sought .0 extort money Irom Norris, as has
been seen.    A small sum would  then have
and the priests permitted William Norris
to live, lest they should the more anger the
gieat man.
At length the recovery,���an unlooked-for
tiling���slowly came ; but the   priests did
sufficed, or, indeed, an equal division of his | not at mice go^ to Shan-min-yueu with the
tiaos might have mitigated the priestly
greed ; but, as it was, he had been taken
prisoner owing to his own rough action
in attempting to escine; and prisoner lie must now remain until
lie .should agree to tlie eruditions imposed by Shan-min-yuen.
It seems strange that members of a priesthood endowed richly by Shan-min-yuen's
father'should have been tilled with avarice
for lhe small sums which the Englishman
could disburse : but it must be remembered
that those priests who had acted as Norris's
guide, weio probably of :he West grade,
and that the temple's wealth, although
shared by them iu a m-tasuie as regards
sustenance, clothing, ami all the necessaries
nf life, did not come into their possession,
as actual com : and lhat even had it lone
se, it is not to be looked for in a Chinaman
lhat wealth would satiate his greed, for the
miserly instinct, when inherent in the nature, is a thing that grows and i.s never
satisfied, feed it how we may.
Shan-min-yueu's answer was nn re than
could have been desired by the pries'- i
true there was a touch of uncertainty and
(ear still left upon their minds, but that
was but a, small thing and would soon
sway,
The priests had   van ��� '���   money
should nave it, so he said: for  ne   -
�� te i ..       wh ��� ���  I ild   ��a
Noiri', demanding i ler lin sum,���but
twentieth of the actual amount named in
i epistle
news, but in their own evil hearts conceived
fiash tortures for the Englishman who had
desecrated their holy place and brought
misfortune upon them in the anger of the
mandarin,
Then, having so far satisfied their lust for
another's agony, they went to Shan-min-
yui ii : and ns came and saw the man who
had still survived the cruelty, and whose
mind was once more cleared. From thc
time of ��� hat interview, even as had been the
firat, the priests and Shan-min-yuen worked
in ccneen aid yet apart.
It wis a strange position���the position
which had existed in the past and existed
still.
The priests obeyed Shan-min-yuen ; they
were to torture, but not to kill, until
Norris wrote npon the paper constantly by
hia side; sofa" they obeyed him to the
letter. But they went further than this,
deceiving the man whom thev called father,
for tbey cared liltle what the torture might
efiei i SO '.hat it aatistieil their thirst for
cruelty and revenge, snd Shan-min-yuen
did not know of all l eghastliness which
���iest ������ min Is    n ��ived.
To them   itwas  nothing if Norris went
ive that     en le !   his misery ; what
fault, now, wa* thai ol l eira    shan-min-
ynen   h id <���*��� I,   Tori ire    and   lo io   in-
ere was, as there always had been
i first  la]       ht��   imprii nn  i     i
sural }i mixtnri   I   evil influences   iro i
N'orris, some tending  ons way, some the
I he rem under of tho sum asked would be !o,l!*"
one goal i    imp ni   I his   le
-o'ly a
his: i >i iow ould th-' priests km ���
tbey had i       tceived
.:. ��� lep   ���'    i ho
inderstan    h- ial:  how  'ne;
argued,    mid I ������ E ig il m in obi lin the
.. ��� ������.. ��� id nono on hia person
I' was   npossi ite foi  him t �� nuke gold
wil i mi ��� - :. i   ele lied tie temple,
- iao min-} len hrietlj explains I
��ii p..su ile   i wt il ai  to pay;   in
this was de reed to be done    fn  ���
Shan-min yuen led the pries's to believe
' KAP1:
v that I
mand " ��� u  ire    ���      I beo     id, an
orture    - hat at an early dad
man mui
o .'   en thai Norria waa icw in iu
ditlon that the sirs     ipplied rt isl  i oi  ie
     toogreat in     is he   onld bears
ibat he should, hindI tlie pria rtosil     ertain an   ml if pa     m overplus wonld
hefore iie -hnuld leave  the temple:  hu     "' ,'"'1 ?�� ""' '" powerlessness di'te   il
this last point waa nothing to him, foi lie  " '''' '' ''
had determined to keep N'orris  i  priai r      the priests rememl Ill  i    for     nt
lor a long time,  perhaps for life,  mil   iy   o:'esh in their recollection that, after a lei
promises of Ireadom to extort various aums,  riWe torture, their victim had been i	
aa he might Hud it good. Bl1 l" :l condition in whioh fresh pain oould
The Temple of Confucius had taken Irom  ''"'"    ' "   ��nd although n was aoth
him in the old time all thc money which ing to them that he should reaoh that point
should have heen hia hesaw the posaibilit* *"'"'��� " WM yet-more In accordance with
of regaining this now ��� ho should be able to their crafty cruelty and hideous revenge
extract in time from the temple all, ay, and that jt should be gained slowly ������( .,������
more than all, perhaps, of  the sum "which   "I"'1'*' ; "' "' U"' "" ' ""ally in new sl Id
lilt father had left upon his death. '���'* ����P( ln V"!W- >'���**  not approaohed  too
8n he gave the priests what he intendel | "O'rly, until they had satiated themaelve
t, he the drat nf a series of notes, and thoy and avenged their brother's death by slot*
uorc it to N'orris, as hai bee,, seen, and in a'"' ���IUJt*-D* '*���""""������
tbeend he signed the false check. But Ine mandarin had given hia com maiu I;
Shan-min-yuen, thinking over matter,, he knew thai it would be obeyeii, and he
wonderod at the readiness ol the paymi ni helleved that Norria must yield , and, toi
Was this man, lm r.iiesibuieil, true i ami the rest, he left to tbe priests In ths main
was the check worth tho amount there the means to bu nmplnyed to attain hia oh
noVa-,1 ? '"' '��� though, indeed, il was..- who invent
He uoi'id not tell, hut, In the mean lime "'' ' liabolbul thing which was to be tin
letermiiied u, ex n t  only   the note now aems Jif all that Xorris suflnred, and which
brought him. nnd 11 wjl  Bonsel's advice  "'"'j1" '" lesoribsd as the most   err,,;.
that all wi- well.   Ho sent the owlet tobel      ''
llllu cac'iiii'iii,   uciui'
by him was put in for
Iheir powei  the   I ^^^^^^^^^^
might chooae.
Tiring of the subtle mental agony so easi- j
iy inflicted thiough  the medium of the
llavor imparted to every article of food and j
to every drop of water which reached the ,
prisoner's lips, they cast about for some i
new device which would give more visible
agony than that now to be observed.   It I
became a necessity for the prolongation of
a bodily pain that, in Norris's weakened
state, it should not be too severe, and yet,
by its repetition, of greater strength than
might be found in the utmost severity.
They chose a simple expedient���the
bastinado; for this yielded itself to their
uses in greater or less acutencss of pain, as
they might desire.
The bastinado ! you may see it used in j
Canton, if you visit the Chinese court. In i
I'ekin itis morcditfici.lt tosec, and but few
of those who read these Litiea will ever stand
within the I'ekin walls; but in Canton anyone may look upon the criminal punishment
in tlie open court.
Why should not the court be open? It is I
better that the curious multitude of lowestl
grades should flock to gaze upon a fellow-
creature's agony, whilst the  air  is tilled
with his brute-like shrieks.   It is better
that they should see  and know, ao that I
they may themselves avoid a crime.   So at
least think the Chinese.
Picturo tlie scene within the court whilst I
the criminal lies, face downward, on the!
ground ; whilst men hold his feet and hands; |
whilst the judge sit- cold and cruel, and
tlle curious crowd press near.    Picture the
bare limbs quivering with the man's agony
in expectation of the stroke, and mark,
whilst fascinated by i horror beyond description's power, the bastinado lifted and!
falling again, anil yet again, until the whole
soul sickens at the awfuluess ofa punishment which is surely the equivalent of a ���
crime.
It is upon the back of the thigh that the
blow must fall���that part where the limb I
thickens just above the knee ; and to him i
who much bear its pain it is well to give '
some grass, that he may clutch anything in
his teeth and hands save the mere emptiness j
of the air, so that t lie teeth may not cross or
bite the tongue and that the nails may not
dig into thetlcsh.
Such was the nature of the torture to be
indicted upon Norris.
In its full severity the strain would pvo/e
too great, that is to say, that a few strokes
even would undo the man ; but a stroke or
two daily might well be borne, and the
knowledge that as each day came, so the
bastinado would fall upon the bruised and
swollen limb, would surely suffice to give a j
torture of tlie most exquisite kind.
The bastinado is a ling and supple strip
of bamboo or other wood, flattened to a j
breadth of, say, two or three inches, and in I
length possibly three yards. It is raised:
above the shoulder, high in the air, and then
rapidly descending, falls with full impetus
upon the human flesh.
Who can describe the devil's thoughts
which blacken the victim's soul when that ������
awful weapon descends upon his flank'.'
A single infliction of many strokes would
indeed have been a terrible punishment, but!
it would scarcely have formed a torture ; it'
is in the repetition, or the expectation of!
the repetition, that the greatest agony may j
be found.   So Norris was doomed to receive i
a stroke or two daily from the bastinado, I
and doomed to the hours which intervened
between the strokes upon the one day and I
those upon the following day, so long as his
mind and body bore the strain.
He mas awakened early one morning from !
[ a troubled sleep by the entry of a number I
| of priests into the temple building where he
1 was confined.   He foresaw, instantly, that j
something terrible was in store for him ;
: for cruelty was marked upon every one of1
; the cold priestly faces that surrounded him j
. as he lay.   He immediately concluded that
his time had come, aud that the molten I
lead, feared for so long a time, was now at
length to fall again,  and, with strange |
shivering, his strength entirely left him.
O.io of the priests released Norris's foot i
, from the chain whicli had held him to the
; floor ; and then, as he did not move���for he
seemed too prostrated by fear lo have pow-
| er to do so���several others took him by tlie
arms and legs and lifted him on high and
thus boie him from the building out into
tiie iight of the morningsun, which was fill-
, ing the courtyard with its golden glory.
In the temple halls themselves no torture
| must take place, save that of au indefinable
1 nature whioh should act only  upon  the
mind; tor tho Englishman's shrieks must
not use in their untidiness within the confines of that most sacred -pace.
So he was borne into tlle open air; and
there before lie had realized that there were
uo preparations for tortures of the molten
lead, and before he had observed the pres-1
���ii .. >f an evil-visagld man  who held up-1
ri^lil   i long and  narrow piece  of wood i
a    :h, resting on the ground, reached with
iue othcr end above Ilia head, he was placed
face downwards upon a number of boards!
whi"h had oeeii fixed together sons to torn: j
tsubsl tut   for a wooden tlour.
To lieai lho blow ol the bastinado upon!
itone oi thecourtyard minht truly i
hii ��� nrovo.l   on severe a strain ; for the1
teeth, in moments suoh as these, bite wild-
ly, and will bury themselves anywhere, in
i   il madne is Hint desi ends; ami somo
begii n to the  ii tlm, lb.it hc may i
n    itterly destroy himseli.
\ [uantity ol grata was placed hsneath
ioe  I .i he w ia now held firmly In such
* pi,<iii',u thai he could not mine.
Chinese hands held hia  feel i  Chinese
in ���- 1.1 o itstretobtd wrists.
'I ��� i. uels no one touched, save to pul
."i- indoi el tar pilin, and then all was
leady fir the baatiuldo stroke.
As the preparations  were  rapidly com
pletcd, Norris grasped tha truth thatlt wan
now aome other torture, aome unknown
ii ng, and not the molten lead, which  Wiih i
(0      I,  lie
He drove to turn lis fa<��, bul cuuld not;
ior sumo one hell im head just then, ho
that hia mouth ihoilli rest   upon the grass,
which lay upon the bpard, and ibat it should
not approai li Ida iln-tddei   hia own flesh
I ui a ie",ml nr tan all the   blackness  ,,:'
in expectancy, than which surely hell itself
in n ii ioIv contain a more awful thing,|
in led around  him I tor  Ins brain reeled
wn. i foal of thn unkiown thing,
The  Mian with tho atrip ol wood stood
hack, and Norria tell Ins olothing drawu
from off his haunch.
I'hoii liii! bastinado was raited aloft, and
Immediatolj descended upon Ins flesh ; and
w},  nun..,  mj utauiaa   lui|,u(.,i   uj.^ii   uiteill*
selves, and hia teelh clenched upon the
grass, and then llll was still,
* * a ����� ,.
When he so far recovered as to know that
he still lived, lie found that he had been re-
conveyed to the temple and thai the chain
was once more affixed to bis ankle.
A great pain tilled him so that he could
scarcely move, and slowly he remembered
what had heen, and came to wonder thai he
had survived what to him had been as many
strokes,
His pool' swollen limbs ached ceaselessly,
and he lay still throughout tlie day, tilled
with evil thoughts, from the terrible pain
which seemed to spread through every portion of his body from Ids wounded Hank, and
iu a state of nund wherein his soul gave up
an unending cry of defiance io his God.
It is not wonderful, that at such time
Norris should have reached this pass. He
was alone, and it was well. The ink and
paper were beside him : he took them as a
madman might have done iu the height of
some frenzy, and tore the paper wildly; and
cast it and the Chinese ink and brush far
from him, so that he might not be tempted
a second time to yield.
As the day wore on, the man set as watch
upon him wlio had left him en this day for
some time returned and gave him food.
He placed this food at the furthest point
to which N'orris, lying on his face, could
reach : for there was a look in the captive's
eye which warned bim lhat it was well not
Income within the reach of an arm which
had already killed one of tlie brotherhood,
aud half strangled another in thc person of
the silent priest.
Paper and ink wcre not given to him
again throughout that day���a day which
passed as all his days now passed, slowly
along its evil course.
His food was sl ill tainted wilb the flavor,
that had sickened him but to-day it caused '
his stomach no revolt,; for he ate and drank
with avidity, perhaps owing to the existence
of a greater pain, or perhaps that his mind
wildly clutched at a vain hope that the (la- j
vor might be poison aud bring him nearer to
his end. ���
Strangely, N'orris never dreamed nf suicide, and this is probably explainable in this
way���that his miud was so shattered by all
the evil that came upon him, that it strove
lo contend against every thing of a nature
horrible, and yet being drawu back to the
evil things, was confined in its thoughts to
hideous memories nnd fancies that merely,
circled round and round upon themselves, j
To have dashed his brains out upon the
floor would have ended his career; and perhaps theguidingHand above keptfro.n him, in
the presence of other evils, such suggestion as this, for the only approach to
self destruction upon his part was that
ot drinking and eating to the full of
tainted food and water dining many days
to come. I
Even now it is difficult to decide if the
hope of death was what actuated him
in this, or if the pain of body merely called |
for sustenance of any kind ; for his mind I
was in such a condition that no thought was
clear and no impulse definable us arising
from this cause or that. .
In addition to tlie cruel blows of thel
bastinado, the priests had another method
whereby they attempted to increase the
agony of the intervening time. Expectancy
of the succeeding day, and remembrance of
the morning past, were not alone to fill the
prisoner's mind ; for they had placed by
his side, as he now found, a sheet of metal
with smoothed surface, polished so tint no
mirror could more truly portray the reflection seen therein ; and upon this they believed that the miserable man would gaze,
seeing liis own face and Ids half-shaven
head and gray hairs, with increasing horror
as the hours went by,
They were partly right, but not wholly
so ; for although it was true that the shock
experienced by N'orris upon first perceiving
the reflection of his own changed features,
now drawn and altered almost past recognition by the terrible months through which
he had lived, was great indeed, yet the
terror of the first glance gradually wnre
away, and was replaced by something of a
strange pleasure���the pleasure of pain, if
it may be so described, which led him to regard the reflection with a degree of interest
whicli was unintelligible to himself.
There is little doubt that the human
mind will, in certain circumstances, find a
pleasure in dwelling upon its own agony,
drawing life from the knowledge that whal
is borne is terrible indeed.
For this reason the mirror-torture was
not what the priests had believed it to be ;
for by causing fresh thoughts to the victim,
and in giving him a deep interest in
marking the lines to his exaggerating
mind grow deeper daily upon his lace, his
thoughts wero distracted from the enduring
course ofau unremitting conception ot
pain.
When the first night of the bastinado-
torture came, and whilst all was still, the
paper and Ine ink were placed by his side,
and when the following morning dawned
Norrii saw that it was there, and now in a
clearer mind wondered whal must happen
n the day now born, since he still cringed
from the mere thought which would suggest
hi- writing as he had been bid.
Ere long this was to be made clear to
him. i'euterday's programme was to be
enacted a second time in every particular,
even to the most minute detail.
When the priests released his ankle, Norris struggled tearfully, but was at length
i.'i'iircd and overcome,
Then ho was taken to thc courtyard and
again laid upon the hoards, with lhc grass
beneath Ins face and within his palms.
And then again, perhaps iu greater pain,
if that be possible, ihan on the previous
day, yet I'Sb ill another sense, since he
knew now what was lo come, he felt the
blow upon his I'mba still aching with that j
of twenty four hours before ; and ngain
Norria with teeth and hands clasped the
grass Ir, frenzied agony, and again llis cry
went forth, and again llie evil took possession of his soul.
Hut still he did nol sign ; for the effect
upon hia mind of the struggle with the silent priest, and of the suco ling agonies,
had been a deeper one than we can esti-
mull!, ll had been ofa nature which paralyzed certain functions of Ins nund, and it
had taken away limn bun ihe power to will
that ho should yield.
The Intricacies of the human brain are
Wonderful indeed, and beyond our ken ;
j sl al least we can see clearly at limes, and
know, OS though   we read them in a book,
the motivea of the mind,
(TO BI   i  1ST!! -I   ..
.1 ue united .->iaies iiavu 00,iuu sireeicaiti
Electric roads have displaced .'10,0110
horses.
Hawaii has $30,f00,000 of Amerioan
money.
The State flower of Washington is the
rhododendron.
Sixty-live million admission tickets will
he ordered foi the World's Fair,
One of the largest islands on the Australian coast disappeared recently.
The streets of Home are shortly to be
lighted throughout by electric tamps.
Over a million pounds of twine arc used
every year by the United States Post Office
The largest diamond ever known was the
Great Mogul, which weighed, in rough, I'.l'.'i
Karats.
The banana seeds only in one small spot
on earth, the Andaman Islands. Everywhere else it must be raised from suckers.
Both the Kurds and Cossacks believe lhat
Ararat is guarded by an unearthly bcing.and
that no man can ascend the peak and live.
It is estimated tlint during thc last five
years the turpentine gatherers of Georgia
have destroyed 5200,000,000 worth of pine
lumber.
A scientific journal states that platinum
can now Is- drawn into wire strands SO fine
that twenty-seven twisted together can be
inserted into the hollow of a hair.
It is estimated that it would take an annual cnrg.'ation of 50,000 Jews from Russia
merely to keep down the natural increase nf
population, if calculated at only 1 percent,
a year.
Thc manufacture of aluminium by an
electrolytic process is to be gone into quite
extensively at Forges, France. Thc fails of
the I'raz river, giving 2,000 horse-power,
are to be utilized and a plant erected soon.
A useful application of the electric motor
is that of giving easily controlled power to
the invalid tricycle chair. A storage battery under lhc seat supplies, it is claimed,
force sufficient for fifty miles, withoui recharging, at a speed of eight miles an hour.
Reports from the pencil-growing sections
state that the trees are beginning to bloom.
The indications, it is said, are for a large,
crop of this delicious fruit. Hut we must
not. anticipate tho plans of the honest farmer, who maybe hasn't yet got his second
wind.
The bootmaker to Don Carlos, the son of
Philip IL, once took him a pair of noots
which were too small to bo comfortable, and
by order of the angry prince they were cut
in pieces, boiled and forced down tho
wretched fellow's throat, so that he was
well nigh killed.
An ingot of gold weighing 2,| ounces, and
worth about Sob, is made ny the gold beaters into sheets so thin that it would take
���tS,0U0 to measure an inch in height. Hy
the labor of beating the gold acquires a
value of $100, making over 20,000 sheets of
gold foil or gold leaf, as i I is usually called.
In Denmark it is thelaw that all drunken
persons shall be taken to their homes in
carriages provided at the expense of the
publican who sold them the last glass.
The last of steamships whicli have used
oil to calm unusually heavy seas is growing
larger every month. TJm oil is toweil in
stout bags, which exude it slowly and evon-
ly as the vessel moves.
A curious animal captured on the African
coast in 1S5-I was called the "talking lish,"
though it was really a species of seal.
Among other innumerable tricks it was
taught to articulate the words," mamma,'
"papa' and "John."
Work is in progress on 27!' buildings, to
be used as hotels, in tlie immediate neighborhood of the World's fairgrounds. These
structures are of wood, brick or stone, and
will contain a total of 113,045 rooms. They
will cost nearly *51,000,('Cl>. With this
abundance of aicoinmndatlous.il, is believed
that hotel rates will not be excessive.
An Extraordinary Experience-
It may safely be asserted that not cue of
his episcopal brethren has ever performed
such a feat as formed au episode in tbe early
life of tlie newly appointed Hisliop of Norwich. After serving a couple of years as
curate under Dr, Hook at Leeds, says the
Pall Mall Gazette, Mr. Sheepshanks went
out to Uritish Columbia in 1851), when that
co'ony was a far wdec: and more isolated
country than now. He did eight years of
rough work, and then determined to come
home for a holiday, at, all events, electing
to travel via Japan and China, in those days
a by no means familial' route. For months
he disappeared from mortal ken, and hia
family began to entertain some serious misgivings as in his fate. One evening a young
Cambridge man, afterwards headmaster of
a well-known grammar school, but tutor
for the nonce ton Russian Prince, was
smoking a cigarette in his rooms in St
Petersburg, when his servant announced
that a mnujik wanted to sec him very ur
gently. Thc unknown vislsitor was shown
up and appeared in the wellworn garb from
whicli Brian O'Lyun derived his simple but
practical sartorial notions. To his Host's
Utter bewilderment this uncouth lieinj,
addressed him in refined English, and presently explained that he was a brother Can ���
tab desirous of securing his good offices.
The man, in short, was the Kev, John Sheep
shanks, who, having landed some six months
before near the mouth of the Ainnor Kiver,
had made his way alone and on foot through
Tartary, Turkestan, and Siberia to lhe
banks of thc Neva.
 .aft         ���
On the Royal Sovereign there are 800
electric lights, cjnneclcd by ,'10 miles of
wire.
Sarasate lias had 112 watches given him
at various times, several in the shape ot
violins.
Ths pressure of the atmosphere on the
man of average stature is about 15 tons, yet
it is not felt.
li is the custom in Madrid to closs one
of tho two outer doors of a house when
a person dies, and keep it closed for nine
days.
11 waB the vogue at one time in Venice
to guild the rolls of bread and the oysters
on the supper table. The ca.ulles were also
coated with gold.
The largest and heaviest, building stone
ever quarried in England was taken from
the Planklngtoii bed, near Norwich, it,
!cbi narv, ISSI), It was lu one piece, with
out crack or flaw, and weighed  over .'!."
'.0113, William l. i.itiiiii iiruun' Himself In
Lake Hlrlilgau.
Driven to despair by the gibes snd sneers
of hi.s fellow workmen, William A. Gilbert
drowns himself iu the waters of Lake
Michigan. Seldom has any death, peaceful
ur tragic, surrounded itself with such a
pathos as that, revealed by llu: coroner 3
jury yesterday.
Gilbert was employed as timekeeper at
the Pullman, III., car shops. He waa possessed of intellectual gifts and an education
that fitted him for a much higher position,
bul he had one fault���he waa addicted to
drink. All bis prospects in life were marred by this fault. Through the good offices,
of friends he was not long ago persuaded to
go to t.he Washingtoniau home. He bad
just left the institution and had gone back
to his old position at Pullman.
" Boys," he sail, as he entered theshop,
" I'm a new man, and you'll never see William Gilbert wallowing in the gutters
again.''
"Oh, what a bluff Gilbert's giving ua
now," said one of his former companions,
" Vou can't work us for a drink with that
kind of stuff,'' said another,
" liut I mean it," replied Gilbert, " and
I'm going to do better than I have been
���loing. I intend to le* drink alone forever,
and I want you to help me."
A loud laugh at what they all considered
a good joke followed this second protest
from Gilbert that he intended to ..nit his
bad habits. He again protested that he had
been cured, but to no avail. During the
hour he remained tit theshop he became thc
subject of rv.de jests until tie could endure
it uo longer, and picking up his clothes he
started for the door with the remark ;
" Vou won't see me alive again."
They never did.
DEI I -Ill's HE    WANT-. T";   OIK.
He went at once toward the lake where
he met John Harlem, a cook, to whom he
spoke tearfully of llis treatment by his
companions in the works.
"1 might as well be dead, .John,'' he
said. " Nobody :s willing to help me when
1 try to do better and to make a mau of
myself. I am only laughed at. I can't
stand it any longer. My life has been a
failure, and it may as well be ended now as
anytime.'' Harlem paid but little attei:
tion to the apparently heartbroken
who soon left him, and that was th
seen of Gilbert alive. The uext heard of
him was when his body was found floating
in the lake. It told the story of a man broken with a great sorrow, wrecked by the
very means employed to forget it, and at
last stiiiiu to death by the taunts and ieera
of his iiufeelitighhop mates.
STROCICLES WITH Ills  FAULT.
For a dozen years Gilbert had been known
about Pullman. To those who knew only
of his abilities and his liberal education it
wis ever a wonder that he labored in the
humble sphere he did. But those who
knew of his oue great fault knew why he
did cot rise,
Gilbert liinuelf struggled with heroic
courage against his natural enemy, but it
was always of no avail. The man was always conquered.   The demon always won.
Few knew the real sorrow that early
brought its blight to the life of William A.
Gilbert. Far away in Mississippi, so the
story runs, Gilbert loved a dark-eyed maiden and liis love was returned. He was then
a prosperous business man. A day had
been aet for tlie wedding.
But ere thc nuptial hour arrived death
snatched the brhie away and Gilbert's day
dreams vanished.
From that time he was a changed man.
Hc neglected his business and began to
drown his sorrows in the bowl, as many have
done before him. He soon became a finiiii ���
cial wreck, and seeking to forget his past
he left the Mississippi and went to Chicago.
There he continued the life he had begun.
Though a man of superb mental equipment,
no dependence could be placed in him and
his services were only required in tlie more
humble departments of the works.
"The l.lil 1 loll Behind He, la urirl-li
Origin, But 11- liiilinr I- 1 nl.iHiiin.
The fame of the song "The ����irl I Left
Behind Me" la world wide. No British
man-of-war leaves harbour, no Biitish regi-
ment leaves its station for foreign service,
without the plaintive air beini; heard by the
men who are leaving, and the girls���their
mothers, sisters, wives, aud sweethearts���
who are being left behind. This song, like
many another that has stirred the Uritish
heart at home and abroad, that has given j dotted lines
tu Exciting Canoe Trip in an Alaskan
(nnyon.
Seventy-five miles to lhe eastward of
i'akutat, on the south coast of Alaska, writes
E. J. (.lave, the explorer, a deep, swift
stream, known to the natives as the Alseck
empties into the Pacific Ocean. The country through which tills river Hows was entirely unknown to white men. On the map
its mouth alone was charted and the possible
direction of its course merely suggested by
valour in the light and brought thesott rec- j
ollections of tho Mother Land amid the
horrors of the battlefield, is anonymous.
Its author lives on his words, more lasting
than a monument of brass. Some time since
an enquiry was addressed to the Flaneur
department of The Mail asking for the
name of the author of this song, and believing that the highest authority on this continent was tlie firm of Harper Brothers,
New i'ork, we asked them for Information
ummer of 1S90 my companion,
Jack Dalton, and I were commissioned to
explore this laud.
We ascended, in Cannes, in Cllilcat Kiver
on tin southeast corner ot Alaska, crossed
on suowshoes lhe monster ice field beyond,
and at length reached the valley of the far
interior. We then struck west and commenced cur search for the unknown river.
Good fortune favored ns, foi by the month
of June we had discovered the birthplace of
A reply was received by telegraph regret- j the Alseck when it trickled out from Lake
ting that they could not supply the required ' Klook shoo in a tiny rivulet; and we had
facts but that our letter had been forw iriled j traced its course 200 miles when we arrived
to the editor of the Franklin Square col- at a big Indian fishing camp, where some
lection of songs, Mr. J. P. McCaskey. That; two hundred of the Goonennar tribe were
gentleman promptly forwarded thc follow-1 busily engaged in catching and drying Baling information, whioh will be of great in- ; mon for their winter supplies.
terest not only to the enquirer in the Flan-1 Thus far our southern journey had been
our but to the general reader: ���" The Girl'. overland through a country almost tropical
I Left Behind Mc' is no doubt of Irish
origin,
bul no one can tell who wrote either!
the words or the music. It has been found j
in a manuscript dated about ITT". 'The
air wasalso taken down,'says limiting * from ���
A. O'N'eil, harper, A.D. 1st n, author and !
date unknown. The air was written for a 1
much, and tlie English version of the
words, called ' Brighton Camp,' differs eon-1
slderably from these.' Chappell, while he1
put in an English claim to the air, admits]
that it may ue Irish. Hc thinks it was probably written in 1758, when there were encampments ahmg the coast���at Brighton
among the rest-where many tunes of this. it( immmerabl.
sort  originated.   \\ herever  1:  was hrst I
played, it is now almost a century since it'
became the soldier's and sailor's loathe-to-
leave, and it lias so long been played on
every man-of-war as she weighed anchor,
and for every regiment as it quitted a town
where it had been stationed, that an omission would be thought a slight upon the
man, | ladies.''
last
11, its luxurious verdure ; everywhere rich
timber forests clothed the mountain slopes,
on the foot-hills nourished a prolific growth
of wild truits, and beneath the cranberry,
wild currant, and gooseberry was spread a
delicate carpet of mosses and dwart herbs,
and the valleys beneath nourished to perfection crops of various grasses.
TAKING A HAZARDOUS ROUTE.
The most hazardous part of our journey
was now before us ; travel by land was no
A Treacheiois Spot.
up torrent of the canon
on the waters of Dry
Ocean.
aid floated in safety
ay on the Pacific
E. J. lii.Avit.
sorbs
half
longer possible, we must continue our way
by canoe on the waters of the Alseck. This
stream, uow enlarged to a rapid torrent by
affluents, hissed and rambled as it swept past our camp with a
nine-knot current. The Indians dreaded
its treacherous Hood, and all claimed to
have had relatives who lied perished while
attempting to cross its angry waves. We
were warned of the perils of our adventure
by the natives, who begged us to return
north and not foolishly risk our lives. However, we ourselves felt confident of reaching the coast in safety in spits of their discouraging reports, though it was n- 'cssary
A thrilling story of a rescue from a terri- j that wc should have assistance,
blc death is related by a Wyoming corre- ( It was several days before wc could per-
spoudent. He says that lie anil a coinpan- , suade two Indians to supply a canoe and
iou who assisted him in herding cattle in j accompany us down the Alseck, but at last
Wyoming wero sent out by thesuperintond. an offer of $120 prompted them to run
eut to look for thirty cattle which had j risks which they themselves had so graphi-
strayed or been stolen.   Tbey had started  cally portrayed.
at daybreak, and had ridden about forty J The bargain having been made, we select-
miles when they came to an " alkali spot " 1 ed a small cottonwool! canoe twenty feet in
on the prairie, several acres in extent, length and three feet beam, and put it in
They had often seen such places before, but j thorough repair; and then after spending
none so large. They marked the place ; a few days at the fishing camp we decided
where alkali had exuded from the soil, j to continue our journey. The whole settle-
giving it the appearance of having been 1 ment turned out to wish U3 good-by, and
sprinkled with lime. As they started to j gave us as much dried salmon as we could
cross it, the correspondent heard aery Iron i cany.
his companion, who was a hundred yards'. Our little craft being loaded in good
to his right and a little ahead of htm. j trim, we embarked and pushed out into
Looking in the direction of the cry. he saw \ the stream, and were whirled, a'ong in the
the man trying to get Ids horse on firm, raging torrent. Shank, an Indian charm
ground. Riding toward him, he felt the��� doctor, ably steered the dugout as she
ground quiver beneath his horse's feet, and 1 plunged over the disordered waters,
foresaw that with a few more steps he | The Alseck is the wildest stream I have
would be in as much need of rescue as Ids : ever seen, shattered by rocky points mens-
companion. Halting instantly he called to | ter bowlders, and stranded timber blocking
the man to get his feet free of tlie stirrups: its way, its whole course is a succcasiou of
and clasp his hands behind his head. Then j encircling eddies and choppy rapids. Its
lie threw his lariat, and watched with sick : lower reaches flow through a land weird
ening suspense to see if his aim had been j and desolated, its bed is chiseled out
true. To his great joy he saw the lariat; amidst ice fields and rockyjwastcs. Glaciers,
coil around his chest, and then turning crumbling before them whole mountains
around, he literally dragged him fiom the j which barred their way, have moved from
horse's back to solid ground and safety. As | their inland circles and now line the river
they skirted the alkali spot they realized , in icy walls 200 Ieet in height and several
how narrow the escape had been, for the i miles in length. In many places these ice
horse had been engulfed before they were ��� fields have pushed themselves right out into
out of sight of him, and, a little farther on, 1 the stream, and huge blocks are constantly
the tips of several pairs of horns protruding , breaking off and toppling over, creating a
from the aoil, explained what had become j wild confusion of waters.
SMALL ANIMAL PARADOXES.
glUDUl l��i**->. Active trail.   1.9111 a- Hliali-s
ami la/} tiers.
III New Zealand a species of pariot ia
found that, finding its food entirely on the
ground, has lo3t its power of flight, says
Sport* Afield. It differs from tlie rest of its
family only in this particular, anil in being
almost voiceless.
Among recent breeds of pigeons is the
parlor tumbler, which has not only lost its
power ol flight, but has very nearly lost
that of walking as well. Its queer motions
when it attempts to walk have given it its
name, the tumbler.
" As thick as the hair on a dog's back,"
expresses nothing in Mexico, for the Mexican dog is entirely devoid of hair on his
back or anywhere else. The hot climate
having rendered it superflous, Mother Nature kindly divested him of it.
Nor docs " the little busy bee improve
each shining hour" iiean anything in that
country. On the contrary, it, soon learns
that, as there is no Wintei there, there is no
necessity for laying in a store of honey,
and degenerates into a thoroughbred loafer.
" As big as a whale " might be rather
small, as there is a species of the cetacean
genua hardly Ihroa feet. long.
" As cunning as a fox " would have
sounded idiotic to the discoverers of iv.aint-
chatka. They found foxes in large numbers, but so stupid -because they had never
before seen an onetny���that they could be
killed with clubs.
" As awkward as a crab " does not apply
nn some nf the South sea islands, for a crab
is found there that not only runs as fast as
an average man, but climbs trees with the
ease of a schoolboy.
     *a- 	
The Murderer's Paradise-
In 1891 the number of persona meeting
���violent deaths in the United States at the
hands of their fellow-creatures was .'ill (,���
An increase of Kill! over that of 1S1I0; in
IS92 the number was 0791���a further increase of 8N5. Taking lho census for 1890,
wh ch gives the population of the Ureal Re-
public as 02,fl'.'2,2501 those figures mean that
in every 0280 persons one was killed hy his
or her [ello'v-ercaturu ; and even allowing
tha' in thu IS months claiming betwi eu the
taking ol lhc census In ISIHI ami the begin-
niiig of \H')2 ihe population grew lo 83,5000
(lull, they still menu ibat in every !'.'',">,
pei smis one suffered a diiiilai fate, In 1891
ine-11'lMim 111 every 10,000 died in tho same
way.
At times the stream is divided into
several channels, then again it moves along
in one deep, dark, bewildering torrent.
Everywhere we saw tracks of big bears,
many of them very old, as their footprints
showed that they had no claws.
BACIXC THROUGH THE KAl'IDS,
Our steersman Shauk proved an expert
of the lost cattle. It is evident that the
man would have died a horrible death if his
rescuer had not had the presence of mind
and the skill necessary to save him.
Organs Lost by Disusa.
It is a suggestive fact not always sufficiently considered thai''as soon as any
organ or facultv falls into disuse it degener-,     ,,,,.,
ates and is finally lost altogether." Through I paddler, his knowledge of river navigation
all the ages that'man has had the power oi I 'va,s invaluable, and he possessed excellent
speech this power lias not been fixed in us j lament. In approaching rapids he could
in any degree whatever by heredity. It is tel'at a glance the best course to take and
regarded as definitely proved that if a child ! under hl8 V>wetla\ guidance our frail dug-
of civilized parents were brought un in a i out escape from every whirlpool which
desert place and allowed no communication I struggled to ingult us.
whatever with man, it would never make I For font ma we raced along threading
any attempt of speech. L'p to the last cen-1 our way m between sand banks, among
Utry it was not uncommon to find persons Iroc?! a",(1 ���a!'en trees, dashing through
living in a wild state in the woods and for-! tapida, tattling with eddies, and skirting
ests of England, France,Germany and Rns-
THE MERCANTILE WOULD.
Tie- world is producing over 1,000,000
pounds of silk a yeai.
It is estimated that the standing pine in
Ashland County, Wiacousin, will measure
10,000,000,000 feet,
The coinage of the world now all
two-thirds of the gold and more than
of the total stocks of silver annually.
Another substitute for nutta percha has
been discovered in South America, being in
the form of a fluid of solidifying properties.
It is insoluble in water, and haidens and
softens with cold anil heat. It will retain
any moulded shape, can be cut into very
thin sheets, and will take the minutest impression upon its surface. It is derived from
a plant growing wild in the Coticau district.
The construction of the world's longest
railroad i.s progressing rapidly along the
river valleys and across tlie steppes of
Siberia. The western extremity of the road
is the mining town of Miash, on the eastern
side of the Ural range, and its eastern
terminus is at Vladivostok, on the Sea nf
Japan, making a total length of 1,785
miles, which is nearly twice the length of
the Canadian Pacific.
Thc standard coins of the continent arc ;
���Iu France, the franc ; in Spain,the pesla
in Italy, the lira ; in Holland and Austria,
lhe florin; in Germany, the mark ; in Russia, the ruble, lielgium and Switzerland,
use the French name for the piece of 20
sous. Each of these pieces is, like our
own dollar, divided into 100 parts, called
hopecr in Russia, planning in Germany,
kreutzer in Austria, cent, in Holland and in
Italy, France and Spain by the word meaning hundredth,
According to the New i'ork Sun. complete
statistics show that the production of beet
sugar in tlie United States has mure than
doubled during the past year, although
there has been no increase in the number of
factories. The total production of the six factories was 27 083,822 pounds, against a total
of 12,004,838 pounds last year. Experiments
in growing sugar beets have been tried in a
number of the western States, aud thc success has been sr. greit that the number of
factories will bc increased.
The most expensive fur is the skin of the
black fox of Kamschatka, These animals are
scarce and very hard to kill, and a single
skin sells for about ��1,000.
The attitude of the cheese market, is disappointing to those who have large stocks. It
is hard to get within lc. a pound of regular
prices some time ago, and prospects of advance are not apparent.
Sheep rearing is said to be declining
greatly in New South Wales. The number
of sheep in the colony on January 1 this
year was 58,610,01(1, a decrease of 3,211 .SHO
compared with ths year previous.
From figures recently published in the
Engineering and Mining Journal, it "is
evident that in no country do English mining investments appear to such advantage
as in the Wiiwatersrand, South Africa.
The twenty ��� four principal companies,
having an issue capital of ��",243,672, paid
dividends in 1892 amounting to ��791,048 or
at the rate of 10.9 per cent, upon issued
capital. According to the market quotations of the stocks of these companies on
January 1, 1893, the propsrties were wortbJ
��12,980,000, which would reduce thedivi*]
dend rate to 0.09 per cent., a very good
showing, considering the fact that eight of
the twenty-four named comnanies, representing au issued capital of ��2,047,000
and an actual quoted value ��3,470,(100 paid
no dividends at all. Consequently the
dividends paid by the others were at the rate
of 17.2 per cent on the issued capital and
8.3 per cent on their quoted value.
Many years ago an artist was travelling
alone in Switzerland. He had gone a long
way without seeing a single chalet or hut of
any kind. Finding that a storm was
threatening, he dragged himself along, hoping against hope that he would tind some
shelter before night. At last he saw a liny
glimmer through the trees, that looked almost like a star, so small was it. Upon approaching nearer, he discovered that the
light came from a rude 1 ut���the only one
iu lhat mountain pass. Great drops of rain
were coming down in torrents, and In the
time he reached this forbidding looking
shelter lhe traveller was drenched to the
skin.
It was with great trepidation that he
knocked on the window, whence gleamed
the light. There was no answer, and he
ventured to peep in. He saw a large room
roughly finished and scantily furnished
with a table and a few three-legged stools,
two of which were occupied by men of ��
most forbidding type, who sat before a log
fire. The artist hesitated, wondering
whether he should go on in the storm and
take his chance of finding an inn, or ask
sheltei ami food here of these awful-looking
men. A i'reat flash of lightning and a
roar of thunder, followed by sheets of rain,
decided him at once. He knocked boldly
at the door, which was instantly opened by
the fiercer looking of the men.
The artist, almost blown into tiie room by
the force of the storm, looked at his host,
and said timidly :
" Will you, sir, an'ord me food aud shelter for to-night .' I am sure 1 have lost my
way in your mountains,"
" Well, 1 am willing enough,'' replied
the man, " what say you, Fran.!.'" turning
to the immovable pi. a of humanity before
the fire.
*' it's all rish', I suppose; call the old
woman.   She'll give him supper."
" Thanks, many thanks," exclaimed the
artist, joyfully. "I will pay you tight
well for your hospitality," drawing out his
wallet and putting a gold piece, of which,
alas, he possessed but few, upon the
table.
" We don't want your gold. Vou're welcome, ao don't say any more about it ; just
get before the fire here, and dry yourself."
.An oh! woman appeared presently with a
pitcher ot goat's milk and a loaf 0: bread,
which she set upon the tab1?. The artist,
half-starved, for he had not eaten since
early morning, feasted upon this sitttple repast. The others talked together and in
a tongue he could not understand, and in
low voices that made him nervous au 1 apprehensive. He began to wonder what
manner of people these were, who were apparently hospitable, and yet decidedly
mysterious.
At last the old woman opened a door that
he had not noticed before, and slowly ascended a creaky staircase. In a few moments she returned, and the man who had
acted as boat throughout arose, and,taking
up a candle said to Ids guest, " Come with
me and I'll show you where you may sleep."
The artist followed reluctantly, but noticing how noisy the stairs were, concluded
that no one could ascend them to do him
harm without him being forwarned. The
room above was roughly furnished with a
cot, a table, and a stool similar to those below. How cheerless it all looked, and how
nervous and anxious it made him feel.
After the man had left him he examined
the door to find a lock ; there was nothing
but a latch, and there was no way of securing himself. He took of his shoe- and his
coat and decided to undress no further.
Then he lay down and pulledthe bed-clothes
almost up to his chin. Beneath the blanket^
he firmly held in his right hand his pistol,
which he never failed to carry in travelling.
He determined that if he were in a den of
murderers he would tight for liis life. Ha
reflected upon his own stupidity in exhibiting his wallet with the few gold-pieces; then
he began to think of escape, but gave that
up as impossible, knowing that those three
dreadful people below, who seemed never to
get through talking, could hear any movement he made,
Suddenly he thought he heard a step on
the stairs. He listened. Ves there it was
again ! He telt the perspiration gather upon his forehead ; still they came slowly on.
"Cleanliness is Next to Godliness'
I remember Paul du Chaillu, on his re- I
turn from his long tour through Sweden, j
Norway, and Northern Finland, surpris- j
ing me with an account of the primitive I - r ��� .->    - 	
bathing customs of the Swedes and  Nor-! w**s opened cautiously, and in peered the
wegians. Each village had its bath-house, j 9haIW leal> ot his host,   llreathlessly he
*   * th was somethina in the direction 1 watched, with his fingers tightly fastened
who were utterly incapable of speech,
though they could make sounds in imitation
of the ct ies of wild animals. Certain parasitic insects have so completely degenerated
that they possess neither eyes, legs, heads,
mouths, jtomashl nor intestines. Animals
that burrow and live under ground lose the
power of sight or have eyes that are merely
thc walls of ice, ^^^^^^^^^^^^
Our canoe was constantly half-filled with
water, necessitating a continual bailing
out.
Several times our dug-out was struck by
large stones, which were being carried
along at the bottom of I he atream by the
rapid current, while the water was filled
with fine gravel  which  heat  against our
rudimentary. Slave ants and working ants j craft with a sound like hail-stones rattling
have lost then wings through being' kept on a window pane.
entirely to a lite on the ground. The mast- Thegrating of the rolling rocks, the roar
era in some colonies of ants in which slave? | of the angry to-rent, the thundering of an
are kept have become sn hopelessly depend j avalanche, and the sullen creaking of the
ent on their slaves that they not only will internal workings of the in-field combined
not seek food, out are incapable of feeding ! in a c instant ominous growl,
themselves.anii will starve with food before I    We were now approaching the moat dan
lem unless a slave is present to place it in
1 heir jaw.- !
gerest point of our journey, for just ahead
of us was the dreaded oanon,
The stream was now gradually closing together, the towering walls lining each side
of the stream wcre approaching nearer and
nearer; smaller and smaller became the
gorge in which the Alseck was shut. On
our left an immense wall of ice rose out of
the water, on our right a heap of broken
granite strewed the steep slope of the
mountain. The fallini* blocks of ice throw
out waves in all directions and churned the
waters into a hissing, seething mass. On
the opposite shoro bowlders, dislodged and
carried along by the racing flood, added to
the general chaos.
Our little craft rushed bravely on and we
dashed into the narrow gorge amidst a bewildering uproar from the tumbling rocks,
 ^_^���^^_ the roar of the surging atream, and tho
among the Pondoa just now, and expreBses 1 Bp*Mhing of the ice Weeks,
little surprise that the natives near-the |   Shank's orders, screamed at the top of hia
voice, could lie but faintly heard in tlie
Death Sentences fo: Witc'i-Hmtiar,
Natal advices describe the termination of
a celebrated case in which seven natives
were charged with "smelling out" and
killing an alleged witch. It appeared from
the evidence that the victim waa accused of
causing the death of a chief, the idea being
prevalent that no chief can die from natural
causes. Three of the prisoners were convicted, and one of these, on being asked if
he had anything to say, declared that they
had consulted a witchdoctor in the matter
and only did what they were told. All
three were sentenced to death. The Natal
Mercury, referring to this case, say9 that
spelling out  and  witch-mur ler are rife
I'niidolaiiii bonier are lieing infected. The
writer says that it is just an necessary to
pm down witchcraft as witch hunting, for
natives often seek to "bewitch" the victims
of their hate ami jealousy and to kill them
bj poiaon nr other subtle agency.
deafening tumult. ^^^^__^_^_
Our chances ot escape seemed hopeless ;
ice-Hoes, rocking and rolling, threatened to
crush us as we wero tossed about amongst
the hissing waves whicli tuse with foaming
and the bath was something in the direction
of the Russian. The house has uo windows
or any aperture except a single one in the
roof to lctoiit the smoke. It is paved, and
in the centre, among loose stones or boulders, a fire is kept burning until the atones
and pavement are very hot. A large vessel filled with water is placed handy for
use, and a number of twigs are prepared
for the bathers to flagellate each other with.
The place is filled with steam by pouring
water upon the hot stones. The villagers
���men and women, old and young���baths
together. Scantily dressed���some of them
naked, and with the thermometer .'ill helow
freezing���they will leave their houses and
rush for the steam-bath. When the heat is
unbearable they throw water over each
other : and after a time {almost boiled)
they leave the bath as they came and go
home.   "As I einciged," aays Pu Chaillu in ,
his book, " the sensation  waa delightful, I IuKIkm' : tlltM1 hisoiher foot was placet
the breathing of the cold air imparting fresh I ""' "t""1*    II ,Mmi-d t0 "i�� artist tl
life and invigorating my spirits,   I rolled
myself in  the snow, as  did some others,' "P
and afterwards ran as fast as 1 could 10 the
upon his pistol. The man cair.e slowly into
tlie room, holding in one hand a lighted
candle, in the other a long slnniug knife.
He came to where his guest lay, apparently sleeping and peered into hia lace. Thea
he walked back very quietly to the door,
which he closed gently. Picking up tho
three-legged stool, the man placed it beside
the cot.
"Ureat Heavens," thought the art iat,
"he means to sit down and carve ine at bis
leisure. Rut the man did not sit down. He
put one foot upon the stool and raised Ida
arm with the shining blade high above hm
head.
"He means to strike a sweeping blow,"
thought the artist; his heart almost still
from fright. The agony of those momenta
of suspense was supreme, The mau did
not lower his arm ; he raised it higher and
I upon
^^_^_^^__^_^^_       I I
man must he mad -that he meant   to fall
mu him, He knew not whal to do, Wing
 nnmt	
farmhouse." Hero the family ami several
friends assembled for a siesta, none of them,
men or women, embarrassed in tlie least,
any more than the natives of an African
village; a scene as primitive as uuything
llu Chaillu had ever witnessed and from
custom not in the slightest way imliicive to
what we call impropriety of conduct. Tin-
custom of promiscuous bathing is a very
ancient one in Europe, and Da Chaillu
quotes Cicsar's com.iieutaries commending
the chasity and parity of the German
people of this time, who only wore light
coverings of skiua and bathed in the river
without distinction of sex. The Swedes
are certainly in advance of oar own civilization in establishing the weekly hath in
evory village, whore tho body is washed
thoroughly every Saturday, and tho soul is
all the better prepared for rest and worship
on the Sabbath. " These northern people,
says tbe traveller, "are tho only peasantry
in Europe that tako a bath overy week, and
they are very healthy," So far as I reiroin-
half dead from fear. Slowly he uf the knife
removod Ida glance from his victim andralsi d
Ins eye toward lhc shining blade. He then
raised his left hand, anil, with a quick
motion, grasped - -a side of liacou lhat was
hanging from the ratters, and with the
huge knife cut off four great slices- for the
morning's breakfast.
ber,' the pitmen of the North and Midland I pfessed, and when this was
counties invariably have their tub on Sat- j material was found to be as ban
unlay nights, before thoy tako their Walks  taken from the  quarry.   But
abroad, or, aa It is too often the case, go to j "l)fm thousands of dollars were spent in
spend lhc eveuing ai the public-house.       j experiments before the result was reachej.
The Lead Pencil-
Few people are aware of the dilHcuities
that were surmounted in the manufacture
of thc common lead pencil. In the first
place the graphite of which it ia made is
rarely found sufficiently homogeneous to
allow pencil lead to be out from it, so it ia
always ground lo powder and then pressed
Into blocks. The great difficulty ns to
press thc blocks until the graphite was hard
enough to use, and (or many years every
effort in this direction waa defeated by the
crumbly nature of thc material. Finally a
device was employed that exhausted the
air, after which the blocks were agair-
done tha
1 as when
thousands NOTICE.
A Court of Asam, Nisi Print", Oyer
and Terminer and Goneral (Jnol Delivery will be h'kl at the Town of
Kaslo, in the Connty nf Kootenny, on
Fridat, the 2nd dny ol June, 1893.
By Command,
A. CAMPBELL REDTHE,
Deputy Provincial Seoretnry,
Provincial Secrntarv's Office,
28th April, 1893.
NOTICE.
A Court of Assize, Nisi FriiiR, Oyer
snd Terminer nnd General Gaol Delivery will be held at the Town of
Nelson, in the County of Kootenny, on
Tuesday, the 30th day of May, 1893.
By Command,
A. CAMPBELL BEDDTE,
Deputy Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
28th April, 1893.
NOTICE
Is hereby given, that I intent? to
apply at the next sitting ot tbe Licensing Court to be held nt Bevel-
stoke for a license to sell beer, wine
nnd spirituous and fermented Kqnors
by retail at the premises known ae
"The Senate Hotel," eitaated m the
town of Kevelstoke,
JOHN BOUEKE.
Eevelstoke, May 15th, 1893.
NOTHJE.
I hereby give notice to the Licencing Board tbat nt its next sitting I
intend to apply for- a license to sell
���wines, spirits, beer and other fermented and intoxicating liquors on the
premises known as tlie "Lake View
Hotel," Trout Lake City, in Revelstoke Division, Kootenay District.
W. S. PHIPPS.
Beveistoke, May 10th, 1893.
NOTICE
Is hereby given, that at tne Bert
sitting ol the- Licetwing Board for the
Bevebtoke Division! of West Kootenay I intend to apply for a Keense to
sell by the glass, or retail, ale, beer,
porter, whhso and epirttons liquors in
the * Lardean Hotel," at Thomson's
LuwTing, at the head of tbe Northeast Arm of Upper Arrow Lake.
MALCOLM BEATON.
TfeiwsonVLiinding, May 6th, 1893.
NOTICE
Is toeby grven> that at tie next
sitting of the- Licensing Court to be
held 8* Kevelstoke w�� intend to apply
for ai license to sell wises, beer ami
otberftrtnarotiedorintosicntiiis liquors.
by retail at the "Miners' Hotel," at
LiwileaB. West Kootenay.
A. MeliAE,
J. B1CHAKDSON.
Berefctofte, May 10th, 1893.
NOTICE
Is Jereby given, that I artcat? to
���apply, at '.L* next sitting ot tbe Li- I
eensfflg Ccmrt to be held at Revel- ;
stcjke, for a fensf lk> sell winen. h&et i
or o*i5��5 fermented oi intoTrttiaf; |
lujaoro W retail ti lbe "-Trent Lflka {
House," 'Dront Ltk��' Cfily, ini Went;
Xw*ennT District
BEOS-SB KHJREGL   f
Jhtrktoke.. Mav Oh, 1H93L
MAIL CONTRACTS.
S��A LED I BN D HUS tOrmei
��� , Ut iba? BiMBuater- (jwteral
w,3 >���� nnfad ti Ottra mA 8 inum
m Ftw'hv, *����������� 5511b Marf, lr.<c 'be
wawxrw nt 1t>" mdb Rl jwi'^yiH!'.!
TtiKt.OjM* 3i* h'it jmvii /erii etiw.
Urtroajta
mk\u umkwssim
KUJE8PKEN6S * -JfiKHON
awl
BUCK * GRA-mAS
jr*?. tanS woo ou Wetfav,. 0s�� ifttih
Mav, k*f Ito murpa matte ttt Ite immht
intone*6CH��)%$ ** iff.EI^SESJB
JIJRKJJIS, aO htm At -I'M seal.
IVit-BXl Dtfitiw levtn'r.Tusr farfJoN
Mtmw.sn un W ���'����*��� tu-en ill jm*-
mwK\ tattmtB WKJ '>*.' awn. sh**!
htoti lUvnm i< Sw.'H tut} It**- th-
tiitwtl nt ihr jit-ti^'Oif-** ic.w.tiitwri,
sr. tmS w ��l, tin* ���(ami-tiftt-H. t* Si*;
Bar Uml-.. Drf M, WMte Tut .ley.
Galena, IX nitionTiOT**. Furl. EatM-to kwS
jfaxamt Spring*, ��nA ul litis ���fflM*.
i: H. HaiaySHEi,
Psaftrijiffiea Iv-ftf-rtfr!*.
Pt*i-rfSw .)i>hji��:vo,'i- Craw*, Tin-
ItirB.,.H.C,aw ftaflfclWI.
Ifijjjr.iAVm u/.ta.-'iortii**' MusauA.
'    SijMUlf TiJ-lfllflt- BUtO IV/H'/all.F-l 11*71
i    lLg��W*iTaai��ll'-;,'ip!Ul'j ll.'t'rll"t.l
JAS.McMILLAN&GO.
MAIN HOUSE,
200 to 212 FIRST AVE. NORTH,
MINNEAPOLIS, WINN,
y'pAtLLm
Ho.Vw.~&\U4
'L/AAiyAA'-W
\k^,'AA'r:A
v,.^A..f
niaiiRS ino ixpoBTsns,
COUNTRY AND PACKER
PROPRIETORS OP THO
BRANOH33:
MinneapoSis Gre5!) g ,w H!I)E���
Sheepskin       mmm^ mmM Calfskins, Dry Hides,
cxpertmof   Tannery.     HELENA. MONT Pelts, Furs, Wool
FINE NORTHERN FOBS.        L_
REFEI.ENCITS BY PERMISSIOU.
SlOOMTV Sank or MiNN.,MiNNPAt*>oua, Minn.
Ft. Dearbohn Nat.Bank, Cmioaqo, III,
Montana National Bank, HrLiN.t, Wont.
First National Bank, Ghrat Falls, Mont.
First flATTONAl Bank, SpOKANiP'LBiWaih.
Nat. Bank oi' CoryiM'-nc-j.y .-. l.ni-ia.        Mo.
Tallow, Crease, Deerskins,
QlNSENQ & Sr;iVF*CA Root.
Liberal Advances Mfrte on Shipments Againsi
Original Bill of Lading.
Shipments Solicited.   Write for Circulars.
Slilppew from Hits Btuto Cormipond with nud Consign tU Milllll',l|)ll.i** Hu'ilM'.
'Af-:
��� 'i'All '"*������-
.. I ,���':
" ''��� 'V -ft    ''' -'     '  '   '
T. L. HAIG,
NOTARY PUBLIC : REVELSTOKE, B. C.
Mining and Eeal Estate Broker and General
Commission Agent,
FIRE, LIFE & ACCIDENT INSURANCE.
EEPRESE'NTATIVE OF THE KOOTENAY SMELTING AND
TRADING SYNDICATE.
agent for TROUT UU CUT, KASLO C>TY, NAKUSP & other
TOWNSIIE8.
V LARDEAU V
Is situated at tbe bead of the North-East Arm of Upper
Arrow Lake. It is the easiest poiut front which to enter the
remarkably rich mines of the Lardean and Fish Creek Districts. It will have the advantage of both rail and steamboat lines. The C.P.R. will hegin the bnildiug of a line from
Revelstohe to theN.E. Arm of Arrow Lake <*is soon as the
weather will permit. LARDEAU is at the head of navigation on this Arm, and will be tbe terminus of steamers and
that of the Lardean & Kootenay Railway. There is no
question that th--.Kich Mining Districts which are tributary
to LARDEAU will attract thousands of Prospectors aud
Capitalists during the present season, and that a large town
will grow up at that point. The history of Kaslo will be
repeated at LARDEAU this year,and investors in Kootenay
property should study the situation. Kuslo, in many instances, has already repaid from 500 to 1,000 per ceut, to
investors.
The wisdom of an investment in LARaDEATT is
without question.
For Jtetier parcit-ulars, pric��. and terms, apply to any of tlie under-
signed.
ROBERT IK\1XG, Trasteev Srcmu1 Stmt. YMoris..
HENRY CROFT, Colonist BnO'din-*-, Government; Street, vTcioriav
DOUGLAS & CO., 139 Cordova Street, Vancourer,
GREEN�� RICHARDSON & CO., 57 Jameson Building, Spokam
R��� II. LEE, P.L.S., KAMLOOPS.
DAVID F. DOUGLAS, ResttSent Agent, Lstrtleiiu.
ijni.,.:j.^a
AiSactir F^r[arr*ss, enivefl TO. 10 Jaiijr.
Prafrt       - "���     16.62   "'
Oiavrp**, itvrf, ii-iinMn mi safe
note '/��� Montreal,Ti ft��tov St Paul,
\\iii.ctt. Swv Y'.rk and lionUm.
Ratw ��.". to tldTownr Cftan any other
esi&xvr nttte,
���"IihiiiI1!- H led ' ��1 n fet Oatt, n
iiAu?f'it * !'' tter, fur the act*
antkacd f'iv*��',��i ������) v-.| \-.t\   ���
thmtkk/&    ":,..-Hi)i'..i.. booked lo
ar.<! Iron  '.I1 Barop��aii   points al
f.J.'Wt**  li/lS'*?.
LtaaW    I'P'I'!,"    Rated      'iTu'd-:    Hi
pstoh,   tdetol anl   ti   wv��  nonej
iir barragg tbeir rr<��^\:.  mnted ��ia
W'.'.W. H.
FkOjt.1 lefeaHeitafort atios grwn
fr} \\i\\'.r.i"r Uf
am if. 1. autiws..
Ant. Qttfl. Frm.frM A jf-'t, V iKOTiTBD,
m to [. T. BEFWSTER,
A,ifa i';. P:. R. Biayot, EJawafcUihe*
CAVEATS'-
TF!S*/i-   MARKS,
0C3ICN PATENTS,
COPYRIGHT**,   etc,
new spring u-ooas.
Wo nre showing n completo range of Men's, Ladies', Misses' and Children's
Boots ami Shoes, and onr
HI
ints have arrived.
Also 11 lnrp;o Ptoek of Cottons, Mnslins, Dress Goods. Laoes aud Trimmings,,
Art Muulins, Chambrays, Carpets, Malting and Art Snuiires.
OUR
Tin's Rjiring is the best and most varied stock ever shown horo, and our
prices lhe lowest ever offered,
IT. N. COURSIER
GENERAL MERCHANTS,
Revelstoke, New Denver
and Nakusp.
DEALERS    Itf
DRY GOODS, PROVISIONS,
SUPPLiS,
hoiks, a
T
j\jli$ JrllH
FLOUR, 0.4TS,, SHORTS AM) ALL KINDS OF FEED,
DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, PAfNTS, OILSy  VARNISHES,
WALL PAPER, Etc.
Giant Powder kept in stock at lew Denver and
I?akusp.
Messrs. 0, B. Hume & Co.,
Revelstoke Station,
FoiMnfoiwtfUflr.iimr^fjifniiMlwokwrl.flfi)
MUNN * CO., ��;i HUOAIJVAT, ��kw YOU
OldeitborOAQ for gei;unij|/ [larovtn in Arni.i
i.f.TT [i��Ktrit. tflkt-m out, bi u.-l fi broticht hei
r, f-nn>AU tut BWurmtl pawiu m Ainu ra,
i,.-.-Ty patent tAk^n out [^ da iH brown) Heforo
tu i.-uijiic bjAnotloogiTiQafreftOl otuirgelQtho:
GROCERIES
PROVISIONS
BOOTS & SHOES
FLOUR
FEED & OATS
AMMUNITION
hardware:
clothing
miners' tools*
ConsIs?iimeiit of Butter and Eggs received every week,
MINERS' AND HUNTERS' SUPPLIES.
UL CUDS OF nn bought AND foil
Eailwav Men's .Requisites,
gtitUtiiti &Wtim  Loam wAim mauBmXD bte.mhoat mm or mm.
0. & H. LEWIS,
mm m mwMM.
&UIPERS arwi BALLS
(ntrnvm '"��������
es
G neat e r-...-.. ��� in of*nj to ADtHTopnpflrtti tbo
trorld.   S (>l��� i! I inli Haul.   A,o iiitellteint
sta ��*i'":,'i In ��iM' iut it, ffesltly, **:t.un a
rwrq|UtlKt] monthit, .ailitrwl Jlr.v i a (,j���
I': .llii'i'in, Mil linmi����y,tfewVotitl.'iiy.
Do yoa Write fur tire PaparsV
[f JOQ in, ymi fhe.ud 6��TO TTIfl
LAflDBR OP JOURNALISM.
., ',>t* Book for Correnptodratii Re-
poiOitiiij,Editors nnd General Wrben,
PRICE, CO CENTS.
m '"f os ser/Brn; ob pbtot, di
ALLAN   r-'ORMAN,
. New Ygh^, (fi V.
""JaW If] .���,'   / cuu ihl'Mftifyo'l fliiFW"
eartnt 11 MriMnn Hthwrrtvpft f��f (r��mlnst
"*     1
"'   rRRRYBBHRY.
eMEHAI BLAC K&MITH
REVIIL8TOKE.
r'T'*,','-  PO U* i*-,.*!1'-, f'.r
Furniture & Undertaking,
R.  HOWSON,
ffaa a large Stock of HoiweMd Furniture, C'o2ins, CaekotBi,
Shrottdft &c.
REVELSTOKE,    B,C
n HOUSEHOLD.
Love ia tha Home-
Like the words of a song without music,
Like tho sky without minllgh! above,
Liko a harp with the strings all broken.
Is the home that's devoid of lovo.
Like a concert hull that's deserted,
laikc a hoarl I hat hus turned to atom*.
Like ,\ kingdom bereft of u ruler,
Like a king beret! of a throne;
Is tlio home that haa not the sunshla
Of love to Illumine ntght,
To oast through Hie deepest shadows
Its wonderful beacon light.
-I'i I., and F. Boyco
Appearances at Home-
Don't sav that it doesn't matter how you
look around the house, for it does matter
a great deal. It matters for the. general
credit of the establishment, of which the
feminine head is the creditable or questionable representative; it natters in its example to the children and to the help ; it
matters to the husband and father, who
usually, if he is half a man, feels a sense of
pride In the appearanoe of his family.
It is poor encouragement to him to find
confusion and carelessness iu dress, aud
waste acd destruction running riot about
his dwelling. It it one of the important
duties of every woman to keep herself and
her house in a condition as presentable as
possible, considering her circumstances.
Teacuimx Daughter** Hocsekeeping-
A question dilficult of solution fo: most
mothers is how to send a daughter to school
and at the same time give her a practical
education in housework. There is suoh little time out of school houra that even to
perform a few tasks about the house seema
impracticable, and among the well-to-do it
is often entirely feasible to defer the latter
training till the former is completed. While
there are some objections to the plan of permitting a girl to be entirely ignorant of the
details of housework till she is grown, there
is, on the other hand, the advantage of allowing her to bring to her new study a mind
well-trained and able to grasp the subject as
a whole at the same time that the practical
details are being mastered,
But when the busy mother needs the
help of the children, and it ia a foregone
conclusion that immediately upon leaving
school the daughter must make her own
living, or at least prepare to make it, the
question presents itself in a more serious
light. In such a case it is evideut that
whatever knowledge of housework a girl
obtains must be gained during her years of
schooling. But there appears so little time
for systematic training that in many families the daughter never has the responsibility for any part of the housework, aud
learns ouly what she may happen to pick
up helping mother. While mother sweeps,
Jcssieshakes the rugs and runs for the dust
pan. I hen stands restlessly on one foot
waiting for the uext order or for ohe opportunity to run away to play. On baking
day Jessie is called to stone the raisins, to
get the tlour sifter and the cake pan. V, hen
mother cooks Jessie must be around
" handy" to pare the potatoes, to grind the
coffee, to run down cellar,���in short, to
wait on mother while mother does the
work. The same method���or lack of
method���is continue,' til! the gill is si. tceu
or eighteen, when the mother begins to
wonder why her daughter knows ao little
and cares so little about housework. If
left to keep house by herself for a week,
the resulting chaos would hardly lead you
to suppose that the girl had helped about
the house every day from her childhood
up,
A little consideration would show the
lack of knowledge und interest to be simply the natural result of having the girl
help a little here and a litlle there, never
learning to do uny one branch of housework
by herself. Mothers too seldom realize the
fact that the children trained to orderly
methods of work in school naturally find it
unpleasant never to know juat what i3 expected of them at home, The older ones
would like to have certain definite tasks
assigned to them, that they might know
when their work was done, and feel free to
plan the remaining time for extra reading
or study.
Housework is a complex study, and to
teach successfully all branches of it at the
same time would require as many hours a
day as to teach the several branches of
learning they are required in the public
schools. Ho, as the time each day is very
limited, the best results will be obtained
by teaching net more than one or two things
at a time. The little girl should begin, of
course, with some very simple task. She
might tir.it learn to wipe the dishes, or to
do certain dusting, of to do both : but she
should understand lhat the task is he,' own
particular part of the housework, aud that
ahe must apply her mind to it and learn
to do it well, Just as she would study
arithmetic or geography.
When she has learnod how to perform one
piece of work so well that there is uo danger of fu rgetting it soon, others may be laken
up in the order which is most convenient,
Where there are several daughters, the simple tasks can bo ban led down to the younger children when the older ones are ready to
begin more difficult work. The dishwashing,
sweeping, and bedroom work could be apportioned among theyoungergirls, while the
daughter nearly grown learns cooking, baking, canning, preserving, laundry work,
one thing at a lime. In cooking it is an excellent plan lo teach the girl how to cook
one artiole of food, and allow her to prepare
that on every occasion till she feels confident of her ability to cook that particular
dish any time, at a moment's notice, aud
with no assistance.
In pursuing this p'an of teaching one
thing at a time, it will be surprising to see
how rapidly a girl wiil become proficient iu
the various branches of housework. The
understanding that each day when her allotted portion is properly performed, she is at
liberty to devote some time to her own plant
and pleasures, docs much toward stimulating her interest in the work. System iu
teaching housekeeping is as much required
and will pi'odu io us good results as system
in touching anything else.
Monday Wisdom-
"To soak or not to soak," i( a question
Important In any consideration nl laundry
methods, Whilu did Is utiquostloiiablj
ron oved with Iobs of wear and tear after it
is freely sol'toned, anv long lying many
alkillno sjlutiou is not merely mjuri us to
fiber and fabric, but has a tendency to fix
dirt through chemical reaction.
This is all the more likely to be the case
it washing fluids or powders are iu use.
The fluids almost invariably contain ammonia or chloride nf litre, with a proportion of borax. With powders it ia much
the same. They are for the most part
formed of soap, too hard to dissolve readily,
that has been sliced, dried, crushed and
mixed with powdered bora:: or potash.
All the vegetable oil3 so largely used by
soap makers throw down, by standing, a
fatty solid known to tiie trade as "foots."
It is this solid, soparified with the very
strongest alkalies, which supply the ��oap
for grinding into powders, Naturally,
when free alkali :�� added to the powder,
the strength of it is dangerously increased.
Still these washing powders and fluids
can be used with safety if proper care is
taken, Where the wash water is hard, a
tablespoonful of either powder or fluid
may be stirred with edvantage through
each tiibful before putting in the clothes.
It softens the water and saves the disagreeable, gritty feeling of hands aud wrists.
liut never, by any means, add either
while garments are 111 the water. To do so
is to invite the premeditated poverty of
patches. It is likely to rest on the cloth
instead of dissolving or blending with th?
water. Invariably, then, t'.ie strong alkali
will eat holes, ureal or small, sometimes a
line powdering all over, a., tiiough the garment liad been peppered with shot, sometimes taking out jagged spots the bigness
of your palm.
Black mammies down South, iu the days
when they were past mistresses of laundry
work, held "soaking over night in abhorrence.
Their practice was to wet soiled clothes
thoroughly with water barely lukewarm,
let them lie fo: perhaps ten minutes, " to
soften the dirt,'' then soap and rub ami boil
and rinse. An I certainly their clothes were
of a cleaner white than the traditional
driven snow, and sweet smelling as new-cut
grassland.
Half a teacupful of kerosene added to a
boiler of clothes help3to whiten them without injury to the texture.
The main objection to over-night soaking
is that it does too much. First, the soap,
or alkali, combines with the dirt, reade.ing
it soluble. But by standing for twelve
hour3 or so, new compounds are formed, not
so evident, it may be, as the original soilure,
but really not less unclean, and much harder to remove. That is why clothes come so
often from the tub ind ironing board full
of a dead, heavy smell.
The weight of authority seems to indicate
this pattern of wash day.
Rise early, breakfast moderately late,
Before the meal put your clothes to soak,
first wetting them thoroughly in clean
water.
Sand for Housekeepers-
Good, clean sifted sand haa many uses.
It one can not obtain tbat whicli is perfectly
clean, ordinary sand that has been washed
down by the roadside may be used. Throw
a panful of this into a tub and pour in water, stiring the sand vigorously until al! of
the muddy look i.s washed out. When tiie
water shows perfectly clear after being
stirred up the sand is clean. It may then
be dried and put away in a bag or box for
future use.
Very few people are aware that lowers
cau be kept very much longer by setting
the stems into a dish of sand. Put the flowers into the. vaae as usual, then carefully
sift in sufficient sand to fill the vase nearly
to the top, then add water until it stands a
very little above the top of the sand. This
is useful in more ways than one.
Very light, fine vaaes are thus made sufficiently heavy to be out of danger of upsetting. One may also draw upon the sand
bug for filling dishes in which cuttings are
put to root, Very few cuttings would spoil
if thrust info wet sand and kept there until the roots are well grown. Everybody
can have an abundance of rooted cuttings
simply by tying a string atouod an ordinary
fruit jar, filling it with sand and putting
lhe cuttings into it. Hang this near the
window and keep sufficient water in the
vessel to make the sand wet all of the time.
In small houses, where there is lack of
light, half a dozen jars hung around iu various windows where the sun shines, will
occupy but little space will insure plenty of
material for putting ou: as soon as frost is
out of the grcund.\
If one has a number of sieves, a little
sand can be sifted out, retaining only the
finest. A dish of sand kep: on the kitchen
shelf is invaluable for scouring tables and
benches that are not painted. Some pier-
sous use very fine sand in a dish on the
desk to clean pens with. This may do for
steel pens, but is ruinous to gold oues. Indeed, the greatest care should be taken
never to allow the point of a pen to come
in coot iet with any hard substance,
SttYSttfjAM.���One-half cupful of butter,
one and one-half cupfuls of sugar, oue-haif
a cuptul at milk, two and a quarter cupfuls
of flour, two even teaspoonfuls of baking-
powder, whites of five eggs.
Parsnip  ',*-'d  Poan Stew,���Cut up a
pound of fresh, uncooked pork, or half the
amount of salt pork. Put it on to boil in
two quirts of cold water. After it has
cocked an hour skim off the fat. Scrape
three or four good-sized parsnips, cut
in inch slices and add to the stew, also
an onion sliced and halt an hour before dinner peal and cut up half a Jo*en potatoes,
parboil a few minutes and add to the stew.
When dote take up meat and vegetables,
thicker, the gravy and season to taste, then
pour over meat, etc
A : \ 1 OMELET.���is a dainty dish which
is easily and quickly prepared. Make the
omelet precisely as you would ar. ordinary
omelet for breakfast. Tor oue of four eggs
warm two tablespoonfuls of Jan., lay them
iu the omelet just before it is ready to fold
and then fold it over, completely enclosing
the jam and serve it at once.
Cream Pdpps,���One cupful of water, one-
half cupful of butter, one and a half cupfuls of flour, five eggs. Put the water and
nutter on to boll ; when it boils put in the
dry Hour all at once, stir ever the tire about
five minutes or until it has become a smooth,
well-'tookctl paste. Remove from the tire
and add the eggs one at a time, and beat
in each one veil before adding the uext.
Beat all together thoroughly. Drop by
the tablespoonful ou grease:', pans, ami j
bai.e in a moderate oven about twenty-five
minutes.
BOLD 6BEEN GOODS MEN
Approach a Canadian Oibitu, Minister
and Prominent Ontario Easiness
Men-
For The Cooks-
To make rust beef brown on tbe outside
and rare ami juicy within put the beef into
a very hot oven at first, keeping the temperature as high as three hnudred and fifty-
degrees or more for half an hour, then reducing the heat to about two hundred snd
fifty degrees for the remainder of the time
of 'cooking. The meat must be basted
as often as every fifteen minutes. The
great heat at first hardens as well as browns
the surface of the piece of meat. This
keeps in the juices. But if the high temperature be continued, the hardening pro-
cess goes beyond the surface and the result
will be a hard, dry acd stringy piece of
meat.
Butterscotch.��� Boil together until the
syrup will snap when tested in cold water
oue cupful each of sugar and New Orleans
molasses, half a cupful of butter, two tabie-
spoonfulajof vinegar ana one-third ot a teaspoonful of soda. Pour into a buttered tin
when nearly cold, rut into squares with a
sharp knife and wrap each in parafline paper
when cold.
Cream Sponge Cake.���One cupful of
i sugar, one-half cupful of cream, thrceeggs,
ono cupful of'.lour, one even teaspoonfulol
baking powder.    Beat very light and bake
in a slow oven.
Their Iraiidulrnl Operation* Again t.x
pond for the Sake or Proapecllvi'
l)iipea-<tome at* their Victim*
An Ottawa despatch says:���A leading
Cabinet Minister approached with a view to
his investing in counterfeit American money
i.s the latest effort to open up free trade be-
1 ween the two countries, till Saturday the
Miuister received a confidential circular,
which ia bein;' widely distributed to hundreds 0: others in Ontario, telling him he
could become independently rich by buying
11,000 for $.100. " In olden times," Itsuys,
" honesty Was a very good policy, but
times have changed." If this modern philosopher imagined he could startle a Canadian Cabinet Minister by any such doctrine
it shows his ignorance of our political history.
Mr, E, I!. Eddy, the millionaire lumberman, wn alao the recipient of a similar circular, the 11 iilibuti Co, agent another, and
a large number of other citizens, Thousands of men In Ontario have, within the
past week, received the same circular, and
it wouli1 be well for their, to know that by
answering it they would commit a felony
under the criminal code of 1892 and make
themselves liable to hve years in the Kingston penitentiary. Anyone who negotiates
With a view of purchasing or offers to purchase counterfeit money are themselves
liable to this punishment. More than this,
anyone who writes an answer to this or
similar circulars will have his letter sent
by the po-t otiice authorities to the Coin,
missionerof Police at Ottawa instead of to
lhe scoundrels in New York to whom the
letter ii addressed.
when ofERArius's orow ictivk,
Major Sherwood is in receipt of acores of
letters and has in his-keeping the liberty
of every man who wrote one. The Commissioner, however, would rather that the
public should be warned than that they
should fall into the trap set for them by
the American sharpers. He finds that on
the approach of the time fixed for excursions to New York, such as those to take
in the approaching international naval review, the opetations iu Canada ol the gang
always grow active because the circular
sets forth the desirability of exchanging
oue good dollar for ten bad ones " face to
face." They then show the victim good
money as 3amples of the good they give,
and by peculiar methods contrive to fill up
the valise or package with sawdust before
it leaves their office. They adjure the
recipients of their circulars not to communicate with them by letter, but by
telegram only. The confidential slip
enclosed with eaih of these circulars
gives the following directions 1
Send a telegram (no letters) to Chas. K.
Taylor, 5*21 First street, Hoboken, N. J ,
and say: "Age sixty-two, lives No. 14
North street," Sign telegram Albert,
Charles, Edward, Frank or George. No
other name. I will understand who it is
from      U
Caution���Don't give your right name or
po3t ofitce address to any telegraph opera
tor. Should they ask ior it, refuse to give
it, simply say : My name or address is not
necessary. _^^^_
Notwithstanding this hundreds of persons
in Ontario write letters. A3 soon as the
New York detectives spot the address of
the 3wiudler it is communicated to Major
Sherwood and instructions are given   to
TRADE AUD COMMERCE.
The money rates have increased in the
west aud are as high as 71 per cent, at Duluth,
The British Budget shows a deficit of
��1,730,001 . Thia is proposed to lie met by
a direct income tax of a penny a pound.
The offer ol the United States banks to
advancefrom$25,000,000toJ50,000,000tothe
United States Government in exchange for
government bonds was 1 ejected : and confidence haa been restored since the Government's unmistakable language as to maintaining tiie parity of the two metals.
The Montreal Street Railway Stock has
been listed last week both in Montreal and
Toronto ; and at the close of the week it
was offered at 138 to 189 with from 185 to
186-i bid.
The production of pig iron is re-orted in
Germany, in metric tons, at 1*791,056 for
ISM, against 4,462,619 in 1891. The increase in the total was 7.7 per cent., but
the production of basic iron increased 17.7
por cent., while that of Bessemer pig decreased 18.3 per cent,
During the last fiscal year Canada received almost 93 per cent, or 14,796 tons out of
the total of 15,940 tons of pig iron exported
from the Uuited States, The Baltimore
Journal of Commerce, in this connection,
states that the furnaces of the United
States were so successful iu competing
with those of England that English pig
iron was almost entirely driven from the
Canadian market.
Now that civilisation is gradually penetrating the remote and obdurate Oriental
countries, it behooves Canada to follow up
her advantage in having an agency, through
the medium of the Canadian Pacific Kail-
way, established at Hong Kong for the
purpose of promoting traffic between Canada and China and Japan. This will be
taking a timely advantage of the antagonism engendered in China through the action
of tlie United States authorities. The demand for what ia known In civilization as
staples is beginning to be felt there ; and
as anticipated the trade in flour, provisions,
cotton and woolen goods, and canned meats
and vegetables is being built up to respectable dimensions; and the country, like this
road, should lose no opportunity for increasing its transpacific trade.
The rice crop of the United States is now
practically in sight, and the following estimates are given out:���Louisiana will
fractionally exceed 7,500,000 bushels;
Carolinas, including Georgia 2,000,000
bushels; scattering in other States -'50,000;
total 9,750,000, a rough equal, say to 255,-
000,000 pounds of cleaned or edible rioc, of
which 130,000,000 pounds have been marketed. This is GO per cent, greater than any
previous crop,
The gold exports from New York on Sat-     =        . 	
urday approached six and a half million | invariably receives a package of sawdust for
dollars, leaving the Treasury depleted not I Ids good money. To show the extent of
only of its free gold, but of several millions their transactions, one gang uses one Sl,(XXl
of  the  $100,000,0il0   "sacred   reserve." 1 worth of postage stamps a week.   The On-
ITEM3 Or INTEREST-
Uubber is made from cottonseed oil.
There are 3G3,lMI teachers in the American Union.
Ireland's wealth is placed at $1,155,000,*
000.
Tokio advertises "earthquake proof '*
hotels.
Each salmon, it is estimated, produ:ej|
about 20,000,000 eggs.
A colored woman In Holly Springs, Miss.,
has hair eight feet ~ix inches iu length,
Nine young women recently engaged in .1
wood-sawing contest, fur prizes, a*. Beaver
Oam, Wis.
Among the presents received by a bride
in Grundy County, Mo., were four cluck-
ens, two geese, ami a pig.
Sixty languages were know by Christian
Joachim Mohn, a Norwegian, who died
recently in Naples, at the age of 85,
The negroes in Virginia are becoming
thrifty. They pay taxes on real estate
valued at )9,425,68o, and on persoua! property worth $3,342,950.
The wives of Siamese n ibiemen wear
knee-pants, and cut their hair so that it
sticks straight up from their heads. The
average length of their hair is about an
inch and a half.
A horse-31'.oe which is likely to increase
the speed of racers, lias been produced by
E. C. Loyd, of Janesville, WU, It is made
of aluminum, and weighs onlv an ounce aud
a half.
A fortune was missed by Henry Mutison,
who died recently iu New Haven, Conn. He
invented the device by which gun-barrels
are bored, but neglected to patent it.
Diamonds so small that 1,500 ot them
weigh but a carat ha\ e been cut in Holland.
The artificial stones recently produced in
England by an electrical process are also,
about this size.
The smallest holes pierced by modern
machinery are l-1000th of an inch in diameter. They are bored through sapphires,
rubies and diamonds by a machine which,
makes 22,1)00 revolutions a minute.
An aching tooth caused so much pain to
Mrs. Jane L. Fowle, of Dedham Mass.,
that she went to a dentist. He removed a
sound tooth instead ; she sued him, and
recovered $450.
Excavations were being made for the
foundation of a hotel at Durango, Mexico,
when the workmen came across an irou box
containing old Span'sh gold coins to the
value of .5100,1)00.
At a medical college in Pennsylvania the
question was asked, " What are some of
the causes of natural death!" A fresh and
earnest young man answered, " Hanging,
disease, and old age."
It is against the law for officers and men
in the British Army to shave the upper
lip. Sometimes an infraction of the rule is
permitted, when it is necessary to encourage a backward mustache with the aid of a>
razor.
Tramps rarely visit Edmore, Mich., more
than once. When they are caught in that
town, the marshal puts them in the jail
reception-room, builds a roaring fire for
theircomtort, and theu sprinkles pepper oa
the stove.
Several people in Eastman, Ga., who are
ambitious lo achieve fame as noted liars,
have combined as the "Society oi the
Amalgamated Prevaricators." The chief
liar wears the belt until some other mem-
be" outdoes him with a more absurd falsehood.   .
A burglar entered a dwelling in Indianapolis  and   waa pioceeding noiselessly  to
poVtmaVters'ln Canada" to" stop aTl letters I p>lher s'"'-* valuables, when he was para
addressed to such person and forward them' 'vze" '
to Ottawa. Thus it happens that iu a short
time Major Sherwood receives more of Taylor's mail from Canada than Taylor himself.
These operations are constantly going on
and Ciias. E, Taylor, of Hoboken, N.J.,''
will probably be " Hy. G. Voung, of New
York," as soon as he knows that the post
office authorities are "on to him."
S051K OF ME VICTIMS,
Some of the letters received to-day by the
Commissioner would be pathetic if the
authors of them had not richly deserved
their punishment. One woman living back
of Toronto actually mortgaged her land to
raise $.100, which is the lowest 9um the
dealer in green goods will consent to receive.
In return, he promises to give $3,000* these
men never sell counterfeit money at all. It
would be too dangerous, so that the victim
Strenuous efforts are be'ng put forth by the
United Stated Government to prevent their
silver being discounted universally ; but the
best authorities think that thia with a
premium on gold is Inevitable. If so it will
have a very depressing effect upon American
securities.
The Chignecto Ship Railway, now in course
of construction, will obviate the dangerous
and circuitous route round the peninsula of
Nova Scotia, and connect the Gulf of St.
Lawrence with thc Day of Fundy. The commercial advantages of. this enterprise can be
readily perceived by its bearing on the coasting trade uf Nova Scotia, whicl repreaents
a total of more than 12,000,000 tons a year.
The number of vessels leaving ports iu the
Gulf of St. Lawrence, Prince Edward Island
and the Bay nf Fundy, in the year ending
June 1890, wus placed ut 70,000, a total ot
commeroial interests oi more than ordinary
magnitude.
The World'n Breweries.
A Frenchman states that there are .>1,000
breweries in the world. Germany easily
leads with 26,240, which produce 1,740 million litres of beer yearly, a litre being equal
to about IJ pints. England comes next
wih 1J.S74 breweries and au output of 2,-
000 million litre ; then the United States
with 2,300 breweries ami 3,500 million litres;
Austria with 1,912 brewerlesand 1,300 million litres; Belgium wiih 1,270 breweriosand
1,000 million litres ; and France, with 1,014
breweries and 800 million litres. In Ravatia
ihe annual allowance of beer per head
of the population is 221 litres; in Berlin, 191
tat'io woman in question has since beeu
writing letters to the address given her I
calling down all the curses of heaven because
she had not been enabled to swindle her j
neighbors by receiving counterfeit money,
One man in Western Ontario writes, "l|
am handling your goods now." This Is, of
course, a falsehood, but he tells it in or ler
to show the dealer that he is up to snuff |
and may be trusted.
One poor fellow in Ontario,who had vlsil ��� j
ed New York and brought away a valise!
which be imagined was tilled with counter-1
feit money writes: -" Thc money you got |
from me I was saving for my motherless
children, my poor orphans,'' and winds up
with a child-like faith by saying "I believe i
you could help me to make money,"
Another Ontario man received copies of
confederate currency which was not even
counterfeit because it waa uot a copy of any
token of value.
Another man residing in a prosperous I
town not far from Toronto writea that he [
had no money to invest, but he had a friend
who had $500 whicli he waa willing to pay
for $2(1,000 of the stuff. He wanted to
drive a hard bargain because tho price of
$10,000 is set down as $600. In reading the
letters sent by scores of simpletons to the
swindlers who are fast growing rich on Ihe
credulity and avarice of their victims one
cannot help exclaiming " What fools these
mortals be."
lyzed by a sudden burst of profanity. It
came from a parrot, and its noisy ejaculations awoke its master, just as the burglar
fled, without any booty.
The Japanese have many curious customs.
They begin a book at what we call the last
page, and the end is where we have the
title-page. Horaes, when in their stalls,
face the door of the stable; men, and not
women, do the sewini, and puah the needles
in and out from them instead of toward
them.
A Boston lady earns lur living by
"breaking in " boots for stylish patrons.
She wears them a few days, until they become easy to their owners. Filty cents a
pair is the charge. Iu three days they are
usually " broken in," and she only wears a
pair two hours of each day. Sometimes
she wears six different pairs in oue day.
Aerial Navigation Practicable-
There are few problems in engineering
physic i that have been the subject of more
serious effort or which have exercised the
minds of ahi^herclaasof.jngineeringphysi-
cists than that of flight by mechanical
means. Intrinsically, there is nothing
whatever irrational in the nature of the
problem. The air is a fluid comparatively
light, it is true, but yet of considerable density, and the amount of its buoyant effort is
a matter of limited volume only 1 in thesame
manner. Its su| porting p iwer is a question
ot measurable relative velocity between itself and the supported body. It is well
recognized at the present time that all efforts
towards mechanical flight must be in the
direction ol the utilization of this support-
ing power, and not 111 the employment of a
larje and cutnbcisonic buoyant volume.
Some very recent reports of the results of
expe: iments with aeroplanes show that very
remarkable and encouraging results have
beeu obtained, not only with models, but
with full-sized machines weighing several
tons iu some cases. It is not to be supposed
that these tests have yet shown the existence 0! surplus energy irom the mechanism
employed sullicient for the transportation
of much freight, nor has a reliable degree
of control or illegibility under all atmospheric circumstances yet been attained.
Enough has been done, however, to show-
that mechanical flight is not impracticable
for at least limited distances, even at the
present time.���^Engineering Record.
Gold CaK8.��� One-half   upful of flutter, j'" Be'.^um, Kij ; j��� England, 14,'); in Swit
one and three-fourths cupfuli of powdered
sugar, yolks of five  __- in '. wl ites ol on>,
om half 1    '        milk, two ao 1 one-half
I'upiu's   o; ll 1:.  ��� a ,       :. '    ���   > ��� :
haking-p ��� nilli
1   .   liik   in
h rate oven.
zerland, .'ll : In Domfjrk* .'i.'j; in the Unit
States, 31 ; In Sweden, 11, and In Russia, 5.
'' I :. 11 oflcredastemperancestatlstios,
because beei is not    1 principal drink In
-" countries.   The Russians are notabeer-
Thro wine* a Woman Throu-rh a Window.
A man named Pierre Raune was tried at
the Seine AsBiz.ea last Saturday for the
murder of his wife. The prisoner, who had
systematically and barbarously maltreated
hia victim for eight years, deliberately
throw her out of the window on November
4 last. Madame Raune died an hour or two
afterwards, whilst the 1 lurderer was quietly drinking a bottle of wine In an adjoining
drinking peo] le, :.���. ire they an especially ! room,   Tlio prisoner was condemned to '20
' :���: ������''' "���'������>-��� years'penal servitude,
A New Breed.
" As a fri'nd of vours, I would advise yoa
to get riil of that dog before somebody does
something desperate. He comes into my
yard turns over the ash barrel, tips my wife 3
flower-pots and roots ali over tbe lawn."
" I couldn't think of parting with the dog;
on any consideration. Why his breed is so
ihoice he has takeu first prize at every dog
show to which I have laken him."
" What value It there in that ugly brute?"
" He is the only thoroughbred up-setter
in this country." LAKE
CITY
WEST KOOTENAY, B.C.
The above town site is now on the market, and lots are being
rapidly bought up by local parties. It is situated at the north end of
Trout Lake, in the famous
LARDEAU COUNTRY
which is going- to be one of the RICHEST MINING REGIONS in
America. NUMEROUS RICH CLAIMS have been found close to this
town site, which will make it the DISTRIBUTING* POINT for an
IMMENSE TRACT OF COUNTRY. It is the only level land at the
north end of the lake. The owners intend to expend money on streets
and other improvements in the Spring. The trail from Lardeau City,
on Arrow Lake, to Kootenay Lake, runs through the town site. For
the NEXT THIRTY DAYS corners will be sold at $150 and insides
$100,
For further part    lars apply to
���M t
CO.
5
at the Head Office, Nelson, B.C., or to
HAIG,
Local Agent,
REVELSTOKE, B.C.

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