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The Kootenay Star Aug 6, 1892

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Array VOL. IV.
REVELSTOKE, B. C. AUGUST  6. 1892.
No. 8.
G. H. Williams,
RevIilstokK)
CHEMIST AND DRUGGIST
I
A new and complete stuck of
DRUGS, PATENT MEDICINES,
Toilet Artieles, ete., etc.,
At reasonable price*.
Mail Orders promptly attended to,
FIRST CLASS CIGARS.
Raymond Sewing Machines in Stock
Nakusp.
This town, magnificently situated on
the Upper Arrow Lake, is the
shipping port for the
Slocuu Mines, is
connected
with
Sloean Lake and New Denver
by a
good, level
trail 18 miles in
length, and is bound to
speedily become a place of
considerable Wealth and importance.
Townsite maps and all information
ns to purchase of lots can be obtained
from
A. HOLMAN,
Nakusp.
TIME CARD No. 5.
To take Effect June 80th, 1892.
Columbia and Kootenay
Steam Navigation Co.
Limited.
IIEVELSTOKE, B.C.
Arrow Lak s and Columbia
River Route Steam rs.
Steamer will leave Revelstoke at i
n.ui. overy Monday'and 'Ihuusday
for Robson, Trail Creek and Little
Dulles, returning to Revelstoke on
Wednesdays and S,vtuudays.
Close connection made with Cana
dian Pacific Railway at Iievelstoke,
Columbia k. Kootenay Railway at
ltobson for Kelson, und Spokane Falls
ia- Wiln in Railway at Little Dalles
tor Spokane Palls, Wash.
KOOTEI-MY LAKE AND BONNER'S
FJ-.RRY ROUTE.
Str. Nelson connects with Columbia k Kooteuay Railway at Nelson,
und calls at all points on Kootenay
Luke,
F. G. CHRISTIE,     J. W. TROUPE,
Seoretary. Manager.
W. PELLEW HARVEY,
Astjayer aud Analytical Chemist,
Golden, B.C.
Silvor, Gold or Lead, each.... ��1,50
do. combined   3.00
Silver and Lend    2.50
Silver nnd Gold    2.00
Silver and Copper    8.50
Silver, Gold and Copper    4,00
Silver, Gold, Lead and Copper   5.50
Other pricos on application,
cash with samples.
Certificates   forwarded   per
return of mail.
W. J. LAW,
Merchant Tailor,
(Near O.P.R. Station)
REVELSTOKE,    B.C.
ERNP.ST FLETCHER,
CONTRACTOR & BUILDER.
REVELSTOKE, 1J.C.
PlanB and Specifications drawn up ior
persons intending to build.    Seasoned Lnmlier always on hand.
Paney Work, Turned and
Scroll Work executed
neatly.   A fine selection Hcturo
Mouldings
Furniture Made and ltenaired.
Orders by mail promptly attended to.
Stockholm  House
JOHN STONE, Phop.
The Dining'room is furnished with the
best the market uffords.
The bar is supplied with a choice stock
of wines, liquors and oigars,
THE
COLUMBIA  HOUSk.
REVELSTOKE, B.C.
The largest and most central Hotel in
the city ; good accommodation ; everything new i table well supplied ; bar and
billiard room uttached ; tire proof safe,
BROWN & CLARK,
Proprietors,
FREE  'BUS AT  ALL   TRAINS
C. P. K. HOTEL
REVELSTOKE.
F. McCarthy  - .   .
Prop.
First-olass Temperance House.
Board and LoDoiNf* ��5 Per Week,
meals, 25c.     11EDS 25c.
This hotel is situated convenient to the
station, is comfortably furnished,  and
uffords first class accommodation.
OCEAN STEAMSHIPS,
Royal Mail Lines.
CHEAPEST & QUICKEST ROUTE
TO THE OLD COUNTRY.
Proposed Sailings from Montreal.
PARISIAN....Allan Line.. .July 80th
CIRCASSIAN " Aug. Gth
OREGON.. Domiuiou Line..Aug. 3rd
SARNIA " Aug. 10th
LABRADOR " Aug. I7tu
LAKE WINNIPEG..Beaver..Julv 27th
LAKE ONTARIO        "      Aug". 3rd
From Hew York.
MAJESTIC.. .White Star... .Julv 27th
GERMANIC " Aug". 3rd
TEUTONIC " Aug. 10th
Cabin ��10, ��45, ��50, ��60, ��70, ��80 upwards.
Intermediate. ��25 ; Steerage, ��20.
Passengers ticketed through to all
points in Great Britain and Ireland, and
at specially low rates to all parts of the
European continent.
Prepaid passages arranged from all
points.
Apply to nearest steamship or railway
agent; to
I. T. Brewster,
Agent, Revelstoke;
or to Robert Kerr, General Passenger
Agent, Winnipeg.
HULL BROS
REVELSTOKE.
BUTCHERS
AND WHOLESALE   AND RETAIL DEALERS IN
UEEF, i'OI'.K,  ETC.
A NOBBY STOCK OF
Eiif-lisli Worsteds,Scotch and
Iri.-li Tweeds anil Serges
AT PRICES THAT WILL CATCH
YOU.
PIT AND MAKE-UP GUARANTEED.
BOOTMAKER,
MAIN BTREET, IIEVELSTOKE,
Boots & Shoes made to
order.
Harness Leather Kept in Stock.
J. E. WALSH  cCo.,
FREIGHT k COMMISSION
AGENTS.
Clearing Chaiges paid on
Freight for Sloean Lake.
SADDLE HOkSES AND
PACK TRAIN.
Hav and Grain for sale
AND
General Commission
Merchant-*..
Passougers billed through from
REVELSTOKE iO NEW DENVER
IN ONE DAY.
Por Coupon Tickets apply to
Mr. CONEY,
C. &K.Nav, Co.
Nakusp House,
COWAN & MADDJiN, Props.
Beautifully situated on the Lake
shore at the entrance to the best nnd
shortest road to the Sloean mines and
New Denver, The best fishing and
hunting in the district, with grand
boating and sketching facilities for
tourists and artists.
The Bar is supplied with the
Best brands of wines.liquors
and cigars.
The accommodations of the Hotel are
of the best.
G. TKRRYBKRRY,
GENERAL BLACKSMITH
REVELSTOKE,
Wagons and all kinds of
Vehicles Repaired.
Shoeing aSpecialty.
PRICES RIGHT.
REPAIRING WHILE YOU WAIT.
Kootenay Lake
SAW MILL,
Q. O. BUCHANAN, PROP.
���:o:���
LUMBER YARDS AT
NELSON BALFOUR
AINSWORTH KASLO
Largo Stocks on huiid.
Preparations aro beiug made for tho
Groat Building Boom of 1802,
CAUTION.
EACH PLUG OP THE
Myrtle Navy
IS MARKED
T. & B.
In Bronze Letters.
NONE OTHER  IS GENUINE.
LOUALNEWS.
Servioe will be held by the Rev.
T. Paton in the Presbyterian church
at 1.60. to ni rrow evening.
Ripans Tabules: for bad temper,
Rev. Mr. Ladner will preach tomorrow in the Methodist Church,
morning at 10.30, evening at 7.30,
All are cordially invited.
Ripans Tabulos: for sour stomach,
Rev. C. Ladner will give the third
of a series of lectures iu the Methodist Church on Monday evening at
eight o'clock. Subjeot, "The Moon."
Ripans Tabules: for torpid liver.
Abe Hatton, lately waiter on the
dining car running between Revelstoke aud Salmon Arm, has taken
tbe position of head waiter at the
Victoria Hotel, in place of Arthnr
Walsh, who left last week for the old
oountry,
Ripans Tabules euro bad broatb.
The Stockholm Honse has been
newly painted, papered, and so
artistically got up that it looks as if
fresh from the builder's hands.
Always noted for its cleanliness,
inside and out, tbe thorough renovation it has undergone baa rendered
it cleaner than ever. There is no
hotel iu the mountains where one
can feel more at home than at the
Stockholm. Mr. Stone employs no
Chinese cooks, and the table is
always supplied with the beBt viands
obtainable.
Geo. Terryherry struck the baok
of his left hand with a hammer lust
Monday, canning a suiull wound.
He did not pay any attention to it,
but went on with his work. Next
day the wound was inflamed and
painful, but he negleoted it until the
hand began to swell. Then poultices
were applied, with no effeot. The
swelling continued uutil the arm was
affected, and on Thursday George
went to Kamloops for medical advice. He thinks tbe wound was
poisoned by flies.
On the last day of this month,
Wednesday, the 81st, there will be
given in Bourne's Uall a first-oluss
variety entertainment, consisting of
songs, instrumental selections, step
dances, and a musical treat by the
Revelstoke Minstrol Troupe. After
tbe entertainment the hall will be
cleared for dauuing, and the best of
musio will be supplied. Tho date is
fixed on Wednesday so as to give our
NakiiBp frionds an opportunity of
attending en maase, and it is hoped
tho steamboat company can be prevailed upon to issue excursion tickets
for tho return trip.
Next Thursday afternoon at three
o'clock there will be an opon installation meotiug of the Juvenile Tom*
plur lodge iu the Bchoo)hoiise, Mrs.
Dickie being the installing officer.
After ihe oeremony there is to be an
eutertainmi'ut, at whioh a short programme will im gone thiough and
cake and lemonade served, All are
iuvited.
Ripans Tubules euro constipation.
Mr. A. J. Colquhoun, representative of llie (iulu and Silver Recovery
Syndicate of Glasgow, Sell,mil, is
at Gulden, where hu .vill mako a lost
trial of ihe MoArlhur-Foirest proO( as
of treating refractory ores and ascertain as to its suitability ior reducing
B.C ores. Mr.Colquboun's plant is
capable of treating a ton of ore at a
time.
Raymond's excursion special, consisting of five tourist cars, arrived at
Revelstoke at 10.10 on Wednesday
morning, a few minutes after the
Atlantic Express had come in from
tbe west. The excursion is from
Boston, Mass., lo the Pacific Coast
via Winnipeg and the Canadian
Pacific, returning east by tbe Northern Paoific.
Mr. J. H. Anderson, mining expert
of Illecillewaet and Fish Creek, was
in towu Tuesday and Wednesday.
He speaks very highly of the pros-
peots at tbe latter place, but has no
new strikes to report. The Elizabeth, he says, is a splendid property,
being nt present the finest mineral
claim in the distriot. Mr. Anderson
made himself quite popular during
his stay, having formed a large cirole
of acquaintances.
Ten bead of cattle, belonging to
Hull Bros., strayed from tbeir feed*
ing ground last week, and after a
long search it was found that they
bad orossed the Illecillewaet River.
Crossing the Illecillewaet is pretty
much the same as crossing tbe Rubicon���there is no turning back. How
to recover the animals is a problem.
Sone of tbem will probably be
transformed into bears' meat. Here's
a chauce for Morgan and the nondescript.
The Winnipeg "Western World"
for July is a masterpiece. It contains no less than 56 engravings,
showing the growth and prosperity
of Winnipeg (Fort Gurry) since 18(10.
It must have cost a very considerable
amount of money to get out such a
number, the cuts being excellent as
works of art. Tbe price of the number, which is double the usual size,
is 25c, but the regular annual subscription price is $1. As a souvenir
of Winnipeg its equal was never yet
published. Address Acton Burrows,
Winnipeg.
It is hot in Revelstoke���has been
hot ull the week, the thermometer
varying from 82 to 89 in the shade,
bnt nobody appears to be very much
affected thereby. Section men on
the C. P, R. aud other outdoor employees have been laid otf during the
hottest spells, but no prostrations
are reported, although the degrees
of heat registered are not very much
lower than the maximum at New
York and other eastern cities where
so many deaths have taken place.
Our pure mountain breezes temper
the sun's rays here in the Selkirks.
Steamers Kootenai and Columbia
arrived np on Saturday within a few
hours of each other. The former
was on a special trip, and had on
board Mr. Mara, M.P., Mrs. .Mara
and a parly of friends. The Kootenai sailed in tbe evening for the
Arrow Lakes with the same party on
board. The Columbia brought up a
lot of old Revelstokians, among them
being Geo. Laforme, from Nakusp;
Dave Ferguson, from Fish Crook;
Bud Aeihart, from Nelson, and one
or two others. They were merely
" hankering after a Bight of tbe old
place," but in two instances there
was a lady in the oase. Dave Ferguson, we understand, came up for
tbo sole purpose of gotting shaved,
Down from Bi;*' Betid.
Messrs. J. MacFarlaue and J. Mac*
Aulay, who left here for Big Head
last May, arrived down yesterday,
.Mr. MacAulay has been sick during
the whole of the time they were
there, and finding he did not seen)
to get any better his comrade accom*
punied him here, so that he might
have better attendance, Mr. Maoj
Farlane did very little prospecting,
the snow not disappearing till the
middle of July. He has great faith
lu the Bi�� lien,I country, and believes
thui -.-old will be found there iu vast
quantities when it is worked iu a
thorough and practical manner. He
says Hunker aud the men at the
Consolation bad boen working hard
ou account of tho recent cave-in, but
they expected to have a good showing of the yellow metal tbis fall.
Mr. MucFarlane leaves again to-day
for Big Bend full of confidence as
to ultimate success. Tbis morning
four more men arrived down ffo'i*
the Rend-John Shaw, John Sands.
A. C. Aokerman and Geo. D. Olnfk-
who have beon working at French
Creek. Tho Consolation Gold Mine,
owned by Andrew Hunker aud Geo,
Laforme, is very unfortunate. In
driving the tunnel and old slide has
been met with which it will bo a
difficult and costly undertaking to
overcome. There is a great deal
of gold behind the slide, Mr. Shaw
Bays, but he does not know whether
Messrs. Hunker and Laforme will
make the outlay necessary to reaoh
it.
REVELSTOKE TIME TAIiLE,
Atlantio Express, arrives 10.10 daily.
Pacific       " "     10.52   "
Cheapest, most reliable aud safe
route to Montreal, Toronto, St. Paul,
Chicago, New York and Boston.
Rates $5 to $10 lower than any other
other route,
Specially fitted Colonist Cars, in
charge of a I'orter, for the aooommodation of Passengers holding second
class tickets. Passengers booked to
and from all European points nt
Lowest Rates.
Low Freight Rates. Quick despatch, Merchants will save money
by having their freight routed via
the C.P.R.
Full and reliablo information given
by applying to    D. E. BROWN,
Asst. (ien'l Freight Ag't.V'noouver.
or to J. T. BREWSTER,
Ag't C, P. R. Depot, Revelatoke.
ILLECILLEWAET NEWS,
|>BOM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT]
IlalaEClLIaEWAET, AngUSt 4th.
Things in town are qniet, Dave
Woolsey has taken over the Merchants' Hotel, C. N. Nelles bad
Woolsey's paok train.
Senator Porier and his friend, H,
L. Benedict, have been called east
by urgent business. They intended
staying here two manths or more.
Prof, Ingall, of the Geological
Survey Department, has arrrived,
and will spend some considerable
time in this part of tbe district,
Mr, Drewry has arrived with his
outfit, including 13 horses and men,
He is making a photographic survey
of the railway belt, aud will be eu-
eaged all summer in this vicinity.
Four new claims, located near tht)
Lanark, were recorded this woek���
tlie Hamilton Herald and Strawberry
Patch, by Mrs. Colqnhoun, of Hamilton, Ont,; Equal Rights, by Mr,
Colquhoun, und Spectator, by Mr.
F, Fitzgerald, of Hamilton.
Auotber riob discovery has been
made by McKinnon on tbe Maple
Leaf.
FISH CHEEK ITEMS.
At Fish Creek development work
is steadily going on. The Dunvagan
is looking well, and is further advanced in development than the rest
of the claims. It is owned by Messrs
Fisbburne, Fowler, Boyd, McCrae
and others. Some ore from this
claim went through the Revelstoke
smelter last summer with excellent
results.
The Elizabeth, belonging to Mr.
Ryckman, M.P., and Walter Scott,
is opening up beautifully, Solid
chunks of galena from 3cwt. to 9cwt.
are being taken out as tho ledge is
uncovored. A tunnel is being driven
to ii.terscot the lode about 150 feet
from the surface. There is no doubt
whatever that the Elizabeth will turn
out a beauty. Mr. Ryokman is on
the spot, and does not spare himself
in the least. He employs 17 men at
81.50 per day, and he deserves the
highest commendations for the manner in which he has invested both
time and money in opening up Fish
Creek claims. Thanks to his fore-
Bight aud perseverance, a splendid
result is assured. To bis partner,
Walter Scott, nothing but praise can
bo accorded for the way in whioh he
stuck to tho olaim thiough good and
through bad prospects.
J. H. AniiKHioii has five claims on
the big ledge���the Lynx, Virginia,
Stockholm, Kathleen and Haven
Port. Thero is a splendid showing
on the Lynx, nearly equal, so it is
aaid, to that of the Edinburgh, the
Herring Baok, Elizabeth and Dunvagan, the very best, biggest, richest
and tip-toppest claims in tbe whole
Fish Creek distiiot.
The King Solomon is looking well,
and several other claims now being
developed look as if they would take
front rank shortly. There are nearly
80 men working at Fish Creek just
now.
Tbe bridge over tho creek recently
erected by the Government has been
muen admired both for its utility
and appearance. There will bo no
fear of it over being washed away.
It crosses the stream far above high
water mark.
New feather pillows for sale, Tery
obcap, at It. Howson's.
Ripans Tabules cure dizziness.
Ripans Tabules purify thc blood. I
Ripan* Tabules: one gives relief. CHAPTER II.
One day Jack made up his miud to pay a
visit ti Russell Square and bog his uncle's
forgiveness for bis past folly. After office
hours ho turned his face towards Blooms-
bury with a lighter heart than he had
known for many a day. Bat when he reached the iamilia": house, a board stared him
in the face on which was inscribed, "To
Let."
Jack's heart sunk liko leal. He was so
utterly nonplussed by this unexpected rebuff, that he turned away without the idea
occurring to him that it would be quite easy
to go down to tho office of Tredinnick k
Morgan and ascsrtain his uncle's present
address, The sight of the deserted house
had bewildered him.
As he walkod down Oxford Street, as ill-
luck would have it, lie met Hareourt, who
greeted him with apparent heartiness, and
invited him to dine with him at his club.
Jack accepted the.invitation mechanically ;
nnd the two friends jumped into a hansom,
and wero driven off to the delectable resort
known as "Tho Revellers." It is unnecessary to record how the evening was spent.
It resulted for Jack next morning in a
racking headache, a dull feeling of remorse,
and empty pockets, Worse still, he had
given Hareourt his note of hand for fifty
pounds, in order to pay his lpsses at cards
to sundry "Revellers" who demanded payment in cash.
tno volume to its owner, who, with a bright
smile and a hasty "Thank you,'' got out,
and was soon lost in the crowd.
Thc whole atTair had not occupied more
than five minutes; but as the omnibus
rumbled on down Fleet Street and o.p Lud-
gate Hill, Jack's thoughts were turned into
a new and delightful channel, and he blessed the happy chance which had caused him
to enter that particular vehicle.
" .Mirah Lester���what a pretty name I It
suits the owner. Wonder who she is and
whore tho season ticket carries her?" ho
soliloquised menially. "I suppose she
travels down from Waterloo every day.
Wonder if i shall ever meet her again!"
Several weeks passed, but Jack did not
see the young lady with thc gray eyes,
though he never failed to look out for her
on his way dow'n to the City. Hu purposely traveled daily by omnibus in the hope
of having her for a fellow-traveller. On
one occasion he fancied he caught a glimpse
of her at Oxford Circus; but the slight figure
vanished before he could .('certain its
identity.
Had lie not been obliged to beat his office
punctually at ten o'clock, it is possible that he might have hung about
tho Waterloo terminus, and ascertained for what station on thc South-
westerr line Mirah Lester was daily bound.
He did oo after office hours ; but, his quest
was vain. In nil probability she returned
to town earlier or much later In tho alter-
The difficulties he experienced only
Then tho old dissipated life began again.
Jack had the sense to keep his post at tho
Three Kingdoms Assurance Office, and to do
his work there in a satisfactory manner.
But his evenings were spent with Hareourt,
who seemed to have-regained all his former
influence overliim, Sometimes Jack thought
of seeking out his uncle and confessing
everything j but he always put off doing so
under one pretext or other. Every quarter
he received a cheque for twelve pounds ton,
enclosed without a letter, thoughthe envelope was always addressed in his uncle's
small precise writing. And that was the
only communication he had had from him for
nearly two yeara.
Jack was rapidly growing morose and
discontented. Hareourt began to get tired*
of his frequent fits of temper, and more
than once showed him pretty plainly that
he no longer cared for his Bociety. Jack
Moore, a humble clerk in the Three
Kingdoms Assurance Office, was not quite
so desirable an acquaintance as Jack Mocro,
the reputed heir of old Edward Tredinnick,
the wealthy merchant. And so, without
any compunctious visitings of conscience as
to his own share in Jack's misfortunes,
Hareourt gradually dropped his former ally
and pupil,
The process of being dropped is never a
pleasant one, especially when the person
undergoing it is conscious that, by rights,
thctrrclative positions should be reversed.
Jaok soon saw what Hareourt was at; and
then he roalized tvhat a fool ho had been to
quarrel with his kind old uncle for the sake
of such a broken reed as his quondam Mentor.
By tho oxotciso of a great deal of self ���
denial, ho contrived to pay Hareourt the
monjey haowed him. But he shrank from
makiilg any appeal forpocuniaryassistancc to
his uncle, or from taking any BtepB to bring
about amoro satisfactory state of things between them. He bittetiy resented the apparent harshness with whicli he had been
treated, and tho callous indifference which
had condemned him to complete banishment
from his old home,
Jack's character was undergoing a hardening process, which plight have had most
unfortunate results, but for a leemingly
trivial incident that brought a new interest
into liis life. In fine weather he usually
walked (lown to his office ; but on wet days
he indulged in the lnxury of an omnibus.
One cold nnd rainy morning In October,
Jack started for the City iu a mood as dis-
italas the weather; the omnibuses were'
crowded, but after some difficulty ho secur-1
cdaseat. Hurrying,into lhe vehicle, he1
squeezed himself into one of the farther cor-1
ners; next to him waa a pretcrnaturally'
stout woman, burdened with a big parcel, a j
baby, and an umbrella that would not have ;
disgraced Mrs. Gamp herself. Pacini*! Mm !
was a young girl, with a pale ova' ice, a I
great deal of ruddy-brown hair, ana a pair I
of the loveliest grey eyes he had ever seen. j unde,iuM wkat naa nsppened
She was very neatly and simply dressed :
her manner was characterized by a
certain quiet self-relianco and self-possession, though she was apparently quite
young, certainly not more than
twenty. Somehow, the sight of the cjiri's
gentle, serene countenance made .lack forget lbe jolting omnibus, the mudd
thc soaking rain, and the uncomfortable
propinquity of his neighbor's Brobdiugna-
gian umbrella. It was impossible to I e ill
tempered and discontented when this deli-
categirl bore the,lisoomfortof hersurrouud-
ings with such sweet serenity.
added to the interest he felt in her j and
the constant watching for a glimpse of thc
sweet face that had so deeply impressed
him with a certainty of the goodness and
innocence of its owner, diverted his
thoughts from brooding over his own
grievances and wrongs.
There was still, however, a latent smouldering of anger in his breast when ho thought
of his uncle. Ho considered that he had
been treated badly, and he was as determined as ever not to make any advances
towards him.
" Ho bade me leave his house. If he
wishes to see me, he will send for me," he
thought sullenly.
One morning he found a letter on his
breakfast tabic, at sight of which his
smouldering wrath momentarily blazed up.
; The quarterly cheque sent withouta word
-flung at me, like a bone to a dog I" he
said, taking up the letter and scrutinizing
the superscription.
On looking at it more closely, he faucied
the handwriting was less clear and district
than formerly, Keeping tho letter still unopened in his hand, ho continued to scan
the address with knitted brows. "The old
fellow is as hard as flint," he muttered. "In
two years he has not made a single attempt
to see me or to make aDy effort to win me
back. I wonder how he can reconcile it to
his conscience to treat me with such contemptuous bidifference." Then he glanced
moodily at the letter in his hand. " I have
half a mind to throw this in the fire." he
said aloud. " Wonder if lie would take
any notice if the cheque was nevor presented
for payment ? Wonder if ho would think me
dead ? Wonder if he would care ?"
He moved a Step or two nearer tho fire,
burning dully in tho narrow grate. Just
then a German band in the street below
struck up a merry Volkslkd. Jack paused
to listen. Tlie gay, lilting air was surely
very familiar to him. He began to seek in
hi;; memory for the association connected
with it And then there suddenly flashed
ou his mmd a scene of bis early childhood ;
his young motber.with a smile on her pretty,
winsome face, bribing him with the promise
of a song to be goo 1 and notcry whcirUnclc
Tredinnick asked him to kiss him. The
rong fhe had sung had been that very Volk-
"died thc street band was then playing
under his window. The sullen lcok died
out of Jack's eyes.
" Poor old hoy ! ho muttered, looking ot |
| the uncpencd envelope. " I won't burn the ,
I cheque; perhaps he has written a line or two I
this time."
I    As the music  floated  up  through the j
murky air, he at last tore open the envelope. I
I II contained, a letter, but an cheque.   The |
1 letter began "DeabJaCK;" but when he had
i road it through, a look of perplexity came
j into his face ; then the blood rushed to hia
cheeks- an.l the hand holding the letter began to 'hake violently. He read it a second
md a tiiird time, and then he thoroughly J
Thc letter,
ran as follows :
The Bay Trms,   Wimbledon, Nor, 17,
IMS-.
He rose from his chair, took two or three
turns up and down thc room, gazed savagely out at the leaden clouds, through which
a pale sun tried to force its way, mado an
irritable snatch at the blind with a grumbling remark about the "glare,"and dragged
it half-way down the sash. Then he glanced with disgust at tho fried bacon, the rolls
and ooffee,his landlady had set on the tabic.
The perusal of his uncle's letter had effectually destroyed his appetite. He threw
himself again intohis chair with the open
letter in his hand. The envelope had fallen
to the ground ; he picked it np and read
the address. " Put the letter into the
wrong cover���he wouldn't have made such a
mistake two years ago," he meditated.
" Hiuts in his letter that he is breaking up.
Shouldn't wonder if he is���and serve him
right for treating me so badly."
Tli 3ii Jack's face grew very pale-heclench-
ed his teeth, and a sudden light came into
his eyes. An evil thought had that moment
darted into his brain. Why should he send
on tho letter to old Pouncemore! If his
uncle misdirected his envelopes, that was
no business of his I
Underlying this thought was another,
embodying a most subtle temptation. His
uncle was ill, so ill, perhaps, that by tho
time it was discovered that the letter to
Pouncemore had miscarried, he might be
incapable ot giving instructions for drawing
up a will, If ho died intestate, Jack, as his
next of kin, would succeed to the whole of
his uncle's fortune. And, argued the
tempter, was not he tho only son of old
Tronfnnick's only sister, and had he not
thcrcfoi o a better right to his uncle's wealth
than a set of unknown deserving young
men of the working-class.
Two red spots began to burn in Jack's
pale cheeks, and his eyes shone feverishly
as he thus dallied with tho specious temptation. Then he tiled to make terms with
his bettor solf. If he dirt evil by suppressing
the lettor, he would do good by bestowing
certain gifts lo the charities enumerated by
his undo. He would use his wealth worthily. Ho would turn his back forever on
Hareourt and his dissipated friends. Ho
would begin life over again.
Then he pictured what sort of existence
would he his if that unjust will were made
and signed, and if his uncle died without
revoking or destroying it. He would have
the intercstof one thousand pounds, and the
one ponnd a week he earned at the office of
the Three Kingdoms Lifo Assurance to live
on, with little prospect of bettering his
position. What a life of sordid drudgery
awaited hhn ! Surely it was not right that
his undo should be so unforgiving as to
carry his resentment beyond tho gravo I
And, reasoned thc tempter, was it not by a
direct interposition of Providence that tho
letter had come into Iris hands? Why
should he interfere with itsdocroes? He
had only to remain passivo and things
would right themsolves. But for a
sentimental memory invoked bya gay
strain of music, ha would have thown the
letter unopened into tho fire, and there
would have been an end of it. He wislrcd
lie had, His conscience would not then
have been troubled by nny tiresome doubts.
He wished ho had destroyed the letter unread,
Then he thought of his mother, of hor
���hatred of untruth, of the prayers she had
taught him, of thc songs she had sung as
lullabies .n winter firelights and summer
gloamings. What would she have thought
of this contemplated baseness of his? Aud
yet���was he not her only son -was he not
old Tredinnick's nephew 1 Who could have
a belter right to his fortune I He looked at
the letter and tlien at the firo. One movement of his hand, aud the letter would bo
as if it had never been written.
Juat then the dock on the mantol-pieco
struck half-past nine. He would he late at
his office; he must take an omnibus though
the morning was fine. He smiled bitterly
as he thought of the small economies and
cheese-parings of 1)13 life. His uncle's fortune amounted to fully sixty thousand
pounds. All that money might be his if he
just omitted to send on a misdirected
letter 1"
(TO BE CONTINUED.)
Deah Jack���Tha change cf residence,
necessitated by iry weakened hsalth, has
not had the beneficial result I antici-
streets, 1 pated, I1 tring tne last few days I have
had various unfavorable symptoms, winch
makes me feel that my nine in this world
will be short. I I lerefore tiiink it is my
<!���.������; -,,   '��� ��� ������ in order.
Please draw up a Will as follow*    ��1000
I each te ths various London Hospitals ; an
Sho was probably a governess or a lad; ' '' mytalthfulsi  nuitJedidiah
clerk,  ho  decided,  forced  to brave  all   '���'���������  iv    61000 to he inveited in Coi
weathers    For tin tir.it time in his life, tho name of my nephow, John Tredinnick
Jack thoroughly appreciated the excellence  Mooro, tho inten - I   hop dto him, by
of an omnibus aa a place for the itudy of you,quarterly There i    propsrt;
the human foca divine,   It is nol an easy taal and personal, to be Isl  in trust to my
thing to wateh one's oii-a-ru t -..    '���������   '    imeoHeritage.olerklnfi lyOrdere;
m-,- to itare rudely, and peri;.,;     ,  . ,��� ,',1,1' and Philip Morgan o! Armil Rail, Beckon-
not have accomplished tno fens had not the ham, Kent, Tbis trusl rid   re then
young lady proau'eed a book from tl toomploj       tndii   i. Coll ��� forthoHigh
Ugsheoamed, andlmmonied herself In it  , "' ������������ ���'   ' ioung Men of
deeply tbat she seemed quite obll ioi i of l:    '���   ' J    who ahall be nominal-
his scrutiny. ed by the various   Sohool   Boards of  thi
But by the time the Strand was reached United Kingdom, The candidates *illbe
the yonng lady's self-possession was com- reqnired to pass a competitive axamuiatlon,
plctoly upset.   When the conductor called [ i:o��dt��>tcd by eight Professors of the  Lon
ont "All Fares," she pnt her hand in her
packet, then searched hurriedly in her bag.
Thc colour Hooded her cheeks, and her
hands shook wrvously as she again turned
over the contents of her bag, Then she
looked up and met Jack's eyes.
" l'ou have left your purse at home':" ho
said with a smile
"Ves���I am afraid so,"
Injtantlv (J-j !f5CCM4fy pence were handed by Jack to tho conductor,   Waterloo
Station was thc yonng lady',! (lostinal ion.
" Fortunately, I always carry my leason
ticket in my hag, or I should bn obligor] to
go back home, and then f should miss my
train," she said naively when she had
thanked Jack for his courtesy
In her hurried search for tier purse tho
book sh��. had been readinghad slipped from
hor lap and fall, ii faoe downwards on tho
floor of tho omnibus-, .lack stooped to pick
it up ; tlierc w��S an inscription oil the. flyleaf, nt which ho could nol refrain from
gland ig quickly : "Mirah Lester;" then
followed u date, -.vhich ho had not timo to
nod
,|.,n tfnivi:   I
Kindly follow theso instructions, md
bring the   Will   to my  homo  to-morrow
afternoon, I am anxious toast itslgi
rat li iy, -Yours sin
EdwAjwTbedi n   .
John PonNCtMow*:, Ivq.,
Lincoln's Inn Fields.
F-,r a' least five minutes .In-���', ial motionless, his hands Interlaced and rusting on
lho letter, whioh he had spread inti
knees; his oyes staring at tho lino
sky visible above tho tops of the o
houses.    "So that >8 what   it menu, '   he
said at last under hih breath ; " I im lo
be praotii ally disinherited Then l,e held
out tlio shoot oi papor at arm i lengl i I
rend itslowly through again fi im ������ ���
to end.
"Higher Education of deserving Young
Mono! thn Working-olassos Intlei I," ho
exclaimed indignantly j " and I am out off
with a paltry thousand I A nice way to
Iroal your, sole surviving relation. Uncle
Tredinnick,  upo y word '    A tho ISM] i
pounds:  1 ho old skinflint l Even Thrupp,
A Man-Eatinj Leopard,
The Calcutta Englishman contains a
bloodcurdling account of the doings of a
man-eating leopard lately shot in the Raj-
sliahi District, in Bengal. The monster bad
destroyed Iiii persons before he was cut
down. Ilis appetite for flesh, his ferocity,
his cunning, and his audacity wero unex-
rmplod in lhe leopard tribe, and they would
have lone credit to a tiger. He depopulated whole villages, for the mere terror of his
name sent the inhabitants flying as soon
as ho had seized a solitary vijtim in their
midst.
For miles around thc people never vontur-
ed to leave their houses after nightlall until
they heard he was dead.   But this was no
:"��� idrance to him.   Ho would seize
them from the verandas when they were
smoking tho evening pipe, and sometimes
��� penetrated the vory houses in the dead
of i he night and carried away children���
often without glviug the slightest alarm to
tho other inms o*.
\t (rule lie Killed only ono person at a
lime; bul omstimos ho killed two, and,
on on- ocoaslon, throo In one day. Children
and ol'l women wore his favorite food.
Among his ti< time there were six mon.   He
 Ibyasheerhankerlngforhuman
for ho never touched the cattle.
I hi village, bi n to think tho scourge
was a demon incarnate, and it was Impossible to organize them for tho pursuit. At
length somo twenty elephants wero brought
��� hi. I ii Iho o) peoltion, and a flying
column   of   British   planters set forth  in
lOSl of th(  dl Itroyer,   They searched for
some time in vain, until an old man, whom
i 'e li ,i been eaten, same to roporl that
thoii quarry had taken rofugoin a tamarind rne,
[| wai as ho had stated, only tho man-
h id by this ii"" hidden himself m
.  |le at lhe fool nl the troo, and for
lomonl oould nol bo found,   Tho place
, rounded, and tbo olophouts advano.
, d In ' lose or lor te ti implo the fugitive out
h llll '   pla< ��� .    i'i      111 re-over  S1IC-
��� [od after fn iionl i oni lh i hoaal
.v is ll i'. "ii 0 it ol cover,  I at once riddled with balls, IL- will bo une i legend
in in- dlstrl it, and perhaps a deity.
Tii" rose i rooi n Bulgaria and Franco
havo hi   o sovoroly damaged  by hoar
frosts and cold rains that thoro Is scarcely
enough to supply tho demands of the pom-
m!" ufaotiirers.
Hr. Arthur Blocbe on Famous Pearls nnil
Babies.
An interesting question was asked the
other day by a French lady. She wished
to know " which are the largest turquoises,
tlie largest pearls, and the finest chain of
pearls. I should like to know their value
and the names of their owners." An expert
���to wit, Mr. Arthur Bloche, tho valuer of
the French crown diamonds���was able and
willing to supply this information, and chatted of pearls and jewels as glibly as tho
Arabian Nights stories.
Tho most curious among famous pearls,
it appears, is that which, three centuries
ago, the French traveler Tavernicr sold to
the Shah of Persia for ��135,000. It is
still in the possession of the sovereigns of
Persia. Another Eastern potentate owns
a pearl of 124 earats, which is quite transparent. It is to be had for thc sum of
��40,000.
Princess Youssonpoff has an Oriental
pearl which is unique for the beauty of its
color. In 1020 this pearl was sold by
Georgibus of Calais to Philip IV. of Spain
at the price of 80,000 ducals. To-day it is
valued at ��45,000, Popo Leo XIII., again,
owns a pearl, left to him by his predecessor
on tlio throne of St. Peter, which is worth
��20,000, and tho chain of thirty-two pearls
owned by the Empress Frederick is estimated at ��35,000.
Two hundred thousand pounds is the
price of the five chains of pearls forming
the collier of tho Baroness (iustav de
Rothschilds, and that of the Baroness
Adcphedo Rothschilds is almost as valuable. Both these ladies are enthusiastic
collectors of pearls, and their jewellers
have instructions to buy for them any pearls
of unusual size or beauty which thoy may
happen to como across. Tho sister of .Mme.
Thiers, Mile. Dome, is also owner of a very
valuable chain of pearls, whioh she has collected during the last thirty years of her
life. Ot so-called black pearls tbe Empress
of Austria possesses the most valuable collection,
A story is told of the actress Mile. Maria
Magnior and her pearls, One day, as she
was about te appear on the scene, somebody
made the remark that her pearls wore really
of an enormous size, "It is true,'' Bhe replied. "Tho lady who I represent on the
stage no doubt wore smaller pearls in real
life. But what can I do ? I have no small
pearls.
In France, pearls and rubies are, at the
present time, far more fashionable than any
other precious stone. Diamonds are chiefly
worn sewn all over a velvet or silk ribbon,
which is tied losely round the neck. Really
beautiful turquoises are very rare. The
Maharajah of Ulep Sing, former King of
Lahore, owns one of the most famous, aud a
son of Abd-el-Kader has in his possession
the fetish turquoise on which are engraved
tho legends dictated by Mohammed.
Tho Mother's flour.
In every real sense all hours are tho
mother's own, from the timo of her child's
babyhood to the twilight of his later life,
No human lie is so close as the mystic band
which unites a mother to her children.
Their lives, onco identical with hers in
every heart-beat and every thought, are
never altogether dissovered while life lasts,
and the man is indeed an ingrate who,
under any provocation, speaks slightingly
of tho mother who cradled him in her young
arms, and who remains, through all chance
aud change, all loss and gain, his friend, his
champion, his defender.
" This world never felt so cold before,"
said a mar, middle-aged, prosperous and
self-reliant. " Mother died last week ; I
realize that I must henceforth breast the
storms alone."
Yet there are hours and hours. Thc wise
mother, appreciating her oppoitunity and
the prcciousness of tho gift of God which
enables her to take part in carrying forward the race, is chary of certain times and
Beasons, whioh aro peculiarly hers for impression and for delight. Ono of these sea-
eons comes toward tbe sunset, when it is
time for the nursery supper, and tho frolic
beforo tho children go to bed. Then, if she
can, lho mother secures a blessed half hour
wish her danings, talking over tho day and
it problems, pitting, cuddling, receiving
confidence, and sending the children to
their nightly rest happy and tranquil. Tho
mother is moro than mistaken���she is iruel
���if at this timo she witholds a carcass or
speaks in reproofs or criticisms, except
that which is most gentle and loving. No
shadow should be suffered to fall on a littlo heart at bed time, however important
the occasion may appear for discipline.
Above all, if the mother prize her privileges
aright sho will herself hear her children say
thoir nightly prayers and hymns. Too sacred a duty to be loft even to the most
trustworthy of nursos, at this rite tho
mother officiates, associating her own presence and influence with tho devotional
habit, whicli, if formed at all, must bo
tormed early in a child's life. And after
lho little ones havo grown to girlhood
and boyhood, to a certain independence of
care and tho development of their own
individualities, who but the mother has
still thc freedom of thoir rooms, and who
else, excusing herself for a little whilo from
the drawing-room and the society of friends,
can glide softly in for a few moment's chat
and a goodnight kiss upon tho iinfuirowod
foreheads and the rounded checks so softly
resting on the thornless pillows of youth
and health? 1'ho ii'othor's hour is worth
watching for, lost it eviulo her in the absorption of her intensely occupied day,
,,r under tho pressure of her social obligations,
Groat .Expectations,
Mothor���My daughter you should decide
in favor of ono of your admirers, or you may
lose both.
Daughter���Mft. I can't mako up my mind
winch to accept, Henry or (ieorge."
" Thon I am lo understand that you lovo
lh, in both';'1
" Yes I love them both most devotedly."
" Which ofthem has the largest income?"
" Henry has ��75 a month and (Jcorgc has
two,
' Thon I don't sro why you hesitate. Ac-
i opt Henry, of course, nnd toll George to go
about his husinoss."
"Ves, but George has great prospects,"
"Humbug I    Proipects    don't    count,
Everybody has groat prospeots, and f?'J5 a
month is very handsome interest on such a
capital as 'great prospects,' Next time
OenrgO calls toll him lhat you can never be
more than a sister to him, and get   rial   of
him,"
But Ihe Values Are Sot Expre.SKl Entirely
l>j Dollars and Cents.
The State Capitol at Albany, N. Y., is
tlie costliest building ot modern times.
Nineteen million six hundred thousand dollars have been expended on it to date. The
Capitol at Washington from 1763, when its
corner stone was laid, to 1S78, had cost, including its expensive furniture, its almost
annual alterations and repairs, less than
$13,000,000.
The most expensive municipal hall in the
world and the largest in the United States
is the City Building of Philadelphia. The
largest clock in the world is te be in its
tower.
The most expensive Legislature in thc
world is that of France, which costs annually $3,600,000. The Italian Parliament
costs -5430,000 a year.
Tlie next to the highest price ever paid
for a horse in the world was $105,000, for
which Axtcll, the trotter, was sold in Indiana at thc ago of three years. On Jan. 11,
1S02, Arion was sold by Senator Stanford
to I. Malcolm Forbes of Boston for $150,000.
That beats all prices. Charles Reed of tbo
Fairvicw Farm, Tenti., gave $100,000 for
the great stallion St. Blaise at a tale in
New York in October, 1891.
The costliest paintings ot modern times
aro Moissonior's " 1814" and Millet's "The
Angolas." M. Chauchard gave 850,000
francs (8170,000) for "I8H" and 750,000
francs (8150,000) for " The Angelus." Mr.
Henry Hilton in 18S7 paid 806,000 for
Meissonier's " Friedland, 1807," and presented it to tho Metropolitan Museum of
Art.
The most costly book in the world is declared to bo a Hebrew Bible now in the
Vatican. In 1512 it is said that Pope Jules
II. refused to sell tho Biblo for its weight
in gold, which would amount te 8103,000.
That is the greatest price ever offered for a
book.
In 1835 a tulip bulb was sold iu Holland
ior $2,200.   It weighed 200 grains.
The costliest meal ever served, according
to history, was a supper given hy aElius
Verus, one of tho most lavish of all the
Romans of the latter days, to a
dozen guests. The cost was 6,000 sestertia,
which would amount to ��48,500, or nearly
a quarter of a million dollars. A celebrated
feast given by Vitellius, a Roman Emperor
of thoso days, to his brother Lucius, cost a
little more than $200,000. Suetonius says
that the banquet consisted of 2,000 different
dishes of fish and 7,000 different fowls, besides other courses.
The largest sum ever asked or offered for
a single diamond is ��430,000, which the
Nizam of Hyderabad agreed to give to Mr.
Jacobs, the famous jeweller of Simla, for tho
"Imperial" diamond, which is considered
the finest stone in the world.
The costliest toy on record was a broken-
nosed wooden horse, whioh belonged to Napoleon Bonaparte and was sold a year or
two ago for 1,000 francs,
Thc costliost cigars over brought to this
country were tho brand made for the Princo
of Wales in Havana, tho manufacturer's
prico for which was $1.87 apiece.
Thc costliest mats in the world are owned by the Shah of Persia and the Sultan of
Turkey, The Shah and the Sultan each
possess a mat made of pearls and diamonds,
valued at more than $2,500,000. The largest
mat ever made is owned by the Carlton
Club of London and is a work of art.
The costliost crown in Europe, exports
say, is that worn by the Czar of Russia on
state occasions. It is surmounted by a cross
formed of five magnificent diamonds, resting upon an immenso uncut, but polished,
ruby. The ruby rests upon eleven large
diamonds, which in turn are supported by
a mat of pearls, The coronet of tho Empress, it is said, contains tho most beautiful
mass of diamonds ever collected in one
band.
The most expensive royal regalias in the
world are thoso of tho Maharajah of Baroda,
India. First comes a gorgeous collar containing 500 diamonds, arranged in five rows,
some as large as walnuts. Top and bottom
rows of emeralds of equal size relieve the
lustre nf tho diamonds. A pendant is a
siugle brilliant called tho "Star of the Dec-
can. " The Maharajah'especial carpet, 10x11
feet, made of pearls, with a big diamond in
tho centre and at eaoh corner, cost $1,500,-
000.
The mest valuable gold oro ever mined in
the United States, and probably in the
world, was a lot containing 200 pounds of
quartz, carrying gold at the rate of $50,000
a ton, It was taken from the main shaft of
the mine at Ishpeming, Mich.
The greatest sum ever paid for telegraph
toils in ono week by a newspaper was tho
expenditure of the London Times for cable
sorvico from Buenos Ayres during tho revolution in the Argentine Republic. The cost
of cabling from Buenos Ayros to London
was $1.75 a word, and the Times paid out
830,000 for one week's despatches.
Dog-Smotlioriaf- in Paris.
In Paris dog-smothering by gas fumes is
boing still carried out cnorgetioully in tho
"genoralponnd." Littlo mercy is shown
to "puppies, mongrols, whalps, hounds,
and ours of low degree" fouud wandering
about the streets and higlrways unmuzzled?
All aro soon inarched oil to prison, and only
very few of the animals succeed in escaping
from tho fate reserved for them by an inexorable polico decree. Considerable outcry has boon raised on tho subject, and recently the "dog question" was temporarily
raised in the Chamber to tho dignity of n,
public matter worthy of tho attention of
Parliament, M. Laguerro, ox-Boulangist,
asked the Minister of tho Interior if the
dogs could not obtain twenty-four hours'
graco hefore being killed, so as to give thoir
ownors time to claim thom. At present
tho animals woro sometimes asphyxiated five
minutes after their arrival in tho "pound."
M. Loubot closod tho question by replying
that the decrees of the polico about dogs
wero necessary owing lo tho number of
rabid animals about, and that they wero
put hite execution with all possible moderation.
The bees of Guadeloupe, West Indies,
are Btingless, and do not storo their honey
in combs, but in bladders of vvax about thc
size of i pigeon's egg.
Prominence is dangerous, and Prince Bismarck, who was pelted with flowers by admiring young ladies at I'.issiiigln and had
his eye injured, was almost as unfortunate
as Mr. Gladstone, al whom a rabid old
woman hurled* "chunk " ofgimjci-brcad. Ri.
i,
r>'
Incidents in tile Career nrt.it* Marquis or
Salisbury. I
The most remarkable thing about Lord
Salisbury is a personal one,   though it lias
a certain  sort of political interest.   Ha is
the first Prime Minister of England since ;
his ancestor,   Robert  Cecil, Earl  of Bur- j
leigh, Lord Keeper of lho  Great Seal  tin- i
dor Queer. Elizabeth, who has worn a board. J
The fashion of wearing beards wont out in !
England at the beginning of thescventecnth ;
century, and has never quite come in again '
among that cl.133 of men from whom Prime '���
.Ministers are drawn.   Even the mustache]
was almost unknown in  England, except j
among the military, until after the Crimean !
war, when  civilians took to wearing it,
partly in  imitation of tho soldiers audi
partly from the   influence of the French alliance.   But as for the beard, it is stiil re-1
garded as an eccentricity or as the mark of
some outlandish bringing up.   The official
class as a rule  wear only  sido  whiskers.
Mr. Gladstone, Lord Beaoonsfield, Lord 1
Russell, Lord  Palmerston,   Lord Derby,
Lord  Aberdeen,  Sir   Robert  Pool,   the!
Duke of Wellington, Lord Melbourne, and
all the other pi ime ministers of the nineteenth  century  wore only  side   whiskers, while before their time, for two centuries, the custom was to shave close.   At the j
present day beards arc more common in tho
House of Lords than in the House of Com- j
mona, because a good many elderly men
wear them, and thc Lords are much older
than the Commons.   But in either house a
hoard makes a man decidedly noticeable.
Lord Spencer, formerly Lord Lieutenant of
Ireland, wears a big rough beard, and Lord
Lathorn, the  present  Lord Chamberlain,
wears a huge 1 od beard, coming almost down
to his waist.    But Lord Salisbury is tho
only Prime Minister who has worn a beard
for just 300 years.   And suoh a board as it
is 1 If it were not for his great, bulbous
forehead  and  long, aggressive nose   his
beard would reeni to cover the whole face
of the man and  constitute his  whole individuality.  With its sturdy bushiness and
total disregard of conventional ideas, it is,
indeed, very characteristic of liim.   The
Duke of Devonshire, who always wears a
beard, is said to have more " you bo damned-
ness'about him than any ether nobleman
in England.   But Lord Salisbury runs him
close.   He is the very type of the strong-
minded, bull-headed, good tempered English  aristocrat ; and ho shows it in  his
appearance as much as in his words and
acts.
Tho origin of Lord Salisbury's beard,
however, is to bo found in an incident of
his career which is not generally known, or,
rather, which is generally forgotten, but
which has had a good deal to do with tho
formation of his character.
Ho was a younger son of the socond
Marquis of Salisbury, and though his father
was the lord of many acres, and married to
a gieat heiress, the present head of the houso
started in lifo with little but a historic name
aud a splendid education. Lord Robert
Arthur Talbot Oascoigne Cecil was not the
man to live on his father or to idle away the
bos', of his years among dogs and horses.
He determined to be independent and, having an Oxford fellowship to support him,
he set out for Australia and New Zealand
with the serious intention of becoming a
colonist and building up his own fortune hy
enterprise and hard work. That was sdien
he grew his beard, for 111 thoso days a razor
was almost an unknown article in the colonies, and having got into tho habit of it,
ho litis worn it ever since.
Lord Robert's plans of life wero entirely
changed by the death of his elder brother,
Lord Cranbourne, to whose courtesy, title,
and magnificent prospects he succeeded.
Ho had already made agre.it name for himself in the Houso of Commons, and been a
me inber of Lord Derby's Cabinet, when, five
years later, the death of his father made
him Marquis of Salisbury and one of thc
great landed magnates of England. He was
then jusl thirty-eight and in the prime of
his powers, and his accession to tho House
of Lords proved a most fortunate thing for
the Conservative party. Lord Derby���tlie
great Lord Derby, as ho is commonly called��� was a tory of thc old school and a most
unfortunate politician in every way. He
was a man of splendid presence aud most
chivalrous character, and his princely munificence and ardent love of sport made him
personally popular. But he was never in
touch with tlio English people or in harmony with tho spirit of the ago. Ho seemed
to bo a feudal nobleman of tho middle ages
dropped accidentally into tho nineteenth
century. Under his leadership tho Conservatives really had no prospects at all.
They never got into power except through
some temporary crisis, and they never held
it for more than a few months. All idea
of a Conservative administration as a permanent thing seemed to have passed away.
Just a year after Lord Salisbury's accession
to the family honors, Lord Derby died. .Mr.
Disraeli as he thou wis, succeeded to the
leadership of the party, and Lord Salisbury
took chargo of their interests in the House
ot Lords. He was Immediately elected
Chancellor of the University of Oxford in
succession to Lord Derby���a very high honor for so young a man���and was marked
out for the future Primo Minister.
Two moro different men than Disraeli
and Lord Salisbury could not woll bo imagined. Disraeli was all his life au actor,
a mystery, a dreamer, an adventurer. Ho
possessed nothing and ho did not. want 10
possess anything. Ho never really owned
an aero of land in his lifo, and if he had
just enough monoy for current, expenses ho
was thankful not to bo troubled with more.
Ho had no children, and his wife was more
liko a friend than anything else. Ho wos
un-English in all his ideas as ho was in
appearance. Lord Salisbury is exactly the
opposite. Ho is, perhaps, the most English Englishman in England, He is a
wealthy landowner, and tho Inheritor of
titles and estates 300 years old ; essentially
a family man, and tho very pink of social
grandeur and high stylo. \ ct the two men
got on excellently together, because they
both had brains, Lord Salisbury was wise
enough to discern that Disraeli, with all
his flitaMinessand all his charlatanism, had
really big ideas and a big enough heart to
carry thorn out. He was bold enough, too,
to trust Disraeli; and nobody who ever
trmted him found him false. Disraeli had
thai, iilrango insight into men's characters
which -jiii-lilcd him to find out sooner than
anybody else, nol excepting themselves,
what tllOV were best lit for.
Lord Salisbury had devoted himself
mainly to homo affairs and especially to
ohurcfi questionr,; but Disraeli discerned in
lm,, a jrsat foreign minister,   By way of
him to the conference of the powers at Constantinople, without any previous training,
as minister plenipotentiary at an extremely
critical period. He acquitted himself so
well that he acquired al one stroke almost
equal rank with Disraeli as a master of foreign politics���a position .vhiclihe Ins neve,
forfeited sinco. From that time until Lis-
Mel's death in 1SSI, the tvvo statesmen were
as David and Jonathan; and when the
author of the polioy of "peaco with honor"
was laid to hie rest under the pyramid of
primroses at Hughendeu, Lord Salisbury
was unanimously acclaimed his successor in
the leadership cf tlie Conservative party.
How well lie has succeeded in that position
is attested by the fact that out of the eleven
years elapsed siuce Disraeli's death, lho
Conservatives have been in ollice seven;
they have never been defeated on a government question in the House of Commons,
nor on any question in the House of Lords ;
and they have lost fewer scats than either
party ever lost befce in 1111 equal length of
time.
The contrast between their condition today and their condition under Lord Derby-
is one of the most remarkable things in the
modern h'story of English polilijs. Undoubtedly, Disraeli had a great deal to do
with that. It was ho who galvanized the
prestige of the Conservative party into ,1
brilliant semblance of renewed vitality,
liut it is Lorn Salisbury v/ho really inspired it with fresh lifo, am! maintained it over
a long period of eventful year- in ever increasing vigor,
A British Foreign Minister needs io he
much more than a mere diplomatist. The
ablest and most prominent dipl0ma.ti.1ts iu
the Queen's service aro, iu iact, but instruments in his hands, If only liio British Isle were to be considered, his post
would be comparatively a sinecure,. But
what bo has to understand and bear constantly in mind are the several and collective interests of all the diverse and widely
scattered parts of the empire. Often, when
he is conducting some tedious negotiation
with a continental power upon an apparently trivial question, tha 0 t-ject which he
really has in view is connected with the
future safety or welfare of somo distant dependency. Practically, ho controls all thc
outside affairs of theompire, and the Minister of War, tho Secretary of State for the
Colonics, and even the First Lord of the
Admiralty, are but coadjutors of his. That
is why Lord Salisbury has always contended that the ollice 0; .Minister for Foreign
Affairs ought to be held by the head of the
government. Before his timo it was customary for the Premier to bo First Lord of
the Treasury, on the theory that he ought
to hold the purse strings. But Lord Salisbury lias always taken lhe ground that the.
most, important otfioe in the Cabinet, in the
modern position in the British Empire is
that of Foreign Minister; and that he is
quite as veil able to control the purse
strings through a trusted colleague as he
would bo if he himself administered tho
treasury.
History affords abundant evidence of the
correctness of this view. All tho recent
trouble between Great Britain and France
about the North American fisheries���and a
very serious trouble it is���arose from gross
ignorance of colonial affairs on the part of a
Foreign Minister moro than 100 years ago.
In one of his best known essays, Macaulay
makes great fun of the Duke of Newcastle,
not knowing that Cape Breton was an island.
But at a much later period Java, the gem of
the Indian Ocean, was lost to Great Britain
by a similar blunder on the part of a Foreign
Minister, who, in concluding a treaty of
peace, said he supposed "one island wa3
pretty much the same as another !"
We need not go so far back as that, indeed, to seo the results of the system of
divided counsels in imperial affairs, ugainst
which Lord Salisbury has steadfastly set hia
face. AU through Mr. Gladstone's long
administration, tlio empire was involved in
costly and disastrous little wais, and in
angry altercations with the colonies, simply
because the premier gave all his attention to
the treasury, while the Foreign Minister,
the First Lord of the Admiralty, and the
Secretary for the Colonies, each pulled his
own way. There has boen nothing of that
kind during tlie la3l seven years, and it is
safe to say there never will be as long as
Lord Salisbury remains where he iB. The
rule of his foreign policy is, to use his owu
words, "to treat all other powers as a gentleman would treat his neighbors, that is to
say, like gentlemen," and in every ca9e, if
possible, to come to a friendly settlement,
beneficial to all concerned; and the under-
lyine principle of it all is to keep good faith,
promising nothing which he does not fulfill,
and threatening nothing which he does not
mean to inflict.
Bismarck, who is an uncqualed judge ot
such matters, used to Bay it was impossible
to cultivate the friendship of Great Britain
under Gladstone, because it was impossible
to depend on British policy from week to
week ; whereas, under Lord Salisbury's regime, Germany Ins become warmly attached toi? rcat Britain without offending French
susceptibilities.
At home, while Lord Salisbury's great
merits as a foreign minister are very generally ocknowlegou he has never gained popularity in the ordinary sense. The aristocracy swear by him, and lhc great mass of
of the working men have a genuine admiration of him. But the lowor middle class,
small tradesmen, and the mere mob do not
like him at all. As for him, ho despises
them too heartily to havo nny resentment
against them, and lie is fur too proud to
make any effort to conciliate them, He
never shrinks from expressing his contempt
for them and their views of public life, and
he is at any time ready to retire rather than
to be indebted to them for a tingle vote.
He is not at all an eloquent speaker, bnt he
is so bold and clear, and iu dealing with his
opponents he has such a cutting wit that
his speeches arc always eagerly listened to
and read. Ho is not uncommonly charged
with bad taste in bin cpigroms, as for instance when he said, apropos of William
O'Brien and Dillon's flight from bail and
Pamell's catastrophe i "It is a curious
thing about Irish national lenders that tbey
aro always escaping. Sometimes they escape
hy water and sometimes by the lire escape.'
But ho cares mthing for such accusations.
He Bavs whatever he pleases and if his foes
don't like it so much the worse for them.
In private life Lord Salisbury is a primely noble in all respects, a magnificent host,
nnd excellent landlord, and a film and cordial friend, He has entertained Queen
Victoria at Hatlield House, his splendid
seat at Hertfordshire, as Ills ancestors entertained Quern Elizabeth under the same
roof; and last year he entertained the
German Euipctor lucre,   But to see him at
��,��,.Hmwwi. .,.   ua   ��i>  on1'   ui   om
" home " pai ties when he surrounds himself
with his neighbors and friends from all
perls of the country, and comes out strong
iu his true character of " a line, old English
geniIonian, one of the olden time." Ho
loves good eating and drinking, puts away
a bottle of old port after dinner in defiance
of his hereditary gout, aud is not at all
ashamed of a few generous old English vices.
Bul noblesse oblige in his rule of life and he
never departs from it. For years past his
health has compelled him no live in thc
south of France in winter, and lhe Villa
Cecil is becoming almost as well known in
connection with his name as Hatfield.
It speaks volumes for his honhommie
that lie is, next to tho Princo of Wales, tlio
most popular Englishman in France.
Edward Wakefield
How "Tliero is a Happy Land" Was Writ-
ton,
A short time ago, in the courso of my
work as a reporter, I found myself in a low
saloon waiting for tho proprietor. I had
noticed as I came in three men and a boy
playing cards in a corner. Dirty and unkempt, coarse and loud voiced, their hands
came down on tho table with a bang each
time a card was played, while through tho
game a running fire 0! profanity was kept
up, punctuated by the sound ofIhe tobacco
juice as, it scattered on the dirty floor. 1
turned my back on them and wa3 thinking
of other tilings, when I was brought back
to my surroundings by the strains of a
hymn, the first 1 over learned so long ago in
such a different place. Tho boy was softly
singing to himself:
There is a happy land,
Far, far away,
Whero saints in trior-- stand,
Bright, bright as day,
Oh, how they sweetly sin:,
Worthy is our Saviour King,
Loud let His praises ring,
Praise, praise for aye.
My mind flew back to the night when I
heard these same words sung by a little band
of Jamaicans in tho swamps of Aspinwall,
and further hack still to the time when in
Edinburgh I heard them in their author's
class-room.
The music coming from the cradle of tbo
race, the words telling of tho far-away goal,
this hymn seems peculiarly filled for tho
world-wide fame it has won. Of the millions who havo sung it thero aro perhaps
few who know how it camo to be written.
I have tho story from the author, whose
Bible class I attended.
hi lp.'lB or 43, the dato I am not Biire of,
Andrew Vouug was a young man���a teacher in St. Andrews, Scotland���and much
interested in Sunday school work. It happened that, spending an evening with a
family recently from India, he heard one of
the ladies play something whicli struck htm
very much. "What is that?" ho said.
"Why," sho answered. "That 'is a Hindustani air called 'The Happy land.' The
water carriers sing it." Ho asked her to
play it again, which she did, and again, five
or six timos. The idea had occurred to him
that the air would be suitable tor a Sunday
school Hymn. The next day he wrcto
"The Happy Land." His scholars took to
it at once, visitors heard it, and it spread
aud was translated into many languages and
sung in every clime, and thus out of the
eater has como forth meat and out oi the
strong sweetness, and the water carrier's
song has brought many to the ever-living
streams.
-[Wm. C. Thackwell.
A Russian Bath.
The bath was a Btnall log house, situated
a short distance from the manor. It was
divided into ante-room, dressing-room, and
tho bath proper, When we were ready,
Alexandra, a famous bath-woman, took
boiling water from the tank in the corner
oven, which had been heating for hours,
made a strong lather, and scrubbed us
soundly with a wad of linen bast shredded
into fibers. Her wad was of the choicest
sort, not that which is sold in the popular
markets, but that which is procured
by stripping into rather coarse filaments
the strands of au old inatsack, such as is
used for everything in Russia, from wrappers for sheet-iron, to bags for carrying a
pound of cherries. After a final doucho with
boiling water, we mounted the high shelf
with its wooden pillow, and the artistic
part of tho operation began. As we lay
there in the suffocating steam, Alexandra
whipped us thoroughly with a small besom
of birch twigs, rendered pliable and
secure of their tender leaves by a
preliminary plunge in boiling water. When
we gasped for breath, she interpreted it as
a symptom of speechful delight, and flow
te the oven and dashed a bucket of cold
water on the rod hot stones placed there
for the purpose. Tho steam poured forth
in intolerable clouds ; but we submitted,
powerloss to protest. Alexandra, with all
tier clothes on, scorned not to feel the heat.
She administered a merciless yet gentlo
maBsage to every limb with hor birch rods
���what would it have been liko if she had
used nottlcs, the peasants' delight!-and
rescued us from utter collapse just in timo
by a doucho of ice-cold water. Wo huddled
on all tho warm clothing we owned, woro
driven home, plied with boiling tea, and
put to bed for two hours. At tho end of
lhat timo we felt made ovor, physically,
and ready to beg for another birching. But
wc wore warned not tn expose oursolvcs to
tho cold for at least twenty-four hours, although we had often seen peasants, fresh
from their bath, birch besom in hand, in
tho wintry streets of the two capitals.���
[Isabel F. Hapgood, in Atlantic Monthly.
Tho man who works for God always gets
his pay in advance.
There is always room for a man of forco,
and be makes room for many.���[Emorson.
In a fight in Paddy Moron's saloon, on
Canal street, Buffalo, on Monday night,
Frederick Logron, a professional strong
man, formerly of Hamilton, Ont., with his
fist, killed Ellas Scverfoii, a Norwegian
sailor from Chicago. The qitarrol aroso
over a disreputable woman,
A telegram from Botliune reports that a
tragedy has taken placo there. A miner
named Delimscho, who had recently been
dismissed by liiscmployers, was proparlngto
Icavo for Belgium. The woman with whom
he lived refused to accompany him, whereupon he became jealous, and, throwing hor
down, placed a dynamite cartridge upon her
chest, and at once discharged it with fatal
results. A horrible spectacle presented itself to tbo neighbors who entered tho room,
The two bodies were so mutilated as to bo
tit icily unrecognizable.
���jad-jiib uj-iDiJii 1'rLti mutiu-
Thc Kirorls  to Cnuipletc lite Telcj-ral-'iic
Circuit or the Earth.
The pri;���ct of a telegraphic cable under
the Pacitic Ocean to connect this continent
with Asia and Australia and provide a short
direct, quick and cheap route to the farEast
in place of the present costly andcomparat ive-
ly long route, which circles backward three-
fourths of thc way around the globe, seems
to have been advanced very materially toward accomplishment by thc results attained by the United States cruiser Thetis in tlie
second survey of the proposed route. The
Thetis left San Francisco on April IS last
to take soundings and make a general survey of the ocean bed over the proposed
route from California to the Sandwich
Islands, the first section of a proposed route-
to Japan. She returned to San Francisco
last week. Six months ago the Albatross
made similar survey, but the results attained in that survey wero uot considered of a
nature very favorable to the project. The
Albatross surveyed a route running from a
point on .Monterey Bay, near tho town of
aVfonteroy, direct to Honolulu. Her soundings showed that the bottom of thc sea was
very irregular over thc greater part of
THE ROI'TE SURVEYEO.
The depths of the water were vory great,
and a great many lofty and perpendicular
coral roofs were discovered along thc track,
indicating great danger of frequent and
serious troubles to the cable through abrasion, and also of total loss, from tho great
depths and the swing between the reefs.
The Thetis met with far greater success
in her sitr ey. The theoretical route was
the same from San Francisco to Honolulu,
but, as in the case of the cables from New
York to Europe, the actual route of the
deep sea cable was located to begin at a
point some considerable distance from San
Francisco. The Atlantic deep-sea cableB
begin, or end, at Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, or in that immediate vicinity. The
Thetis started from Point Conception, 220
miles south of San Francisco, and 38 miles
wost of the town of Santa Barbara, at tho
head of tho Santa Barbara channel. The
place was considered by the electrical-
engineers to bo favorable for a deep-sea
cable landing. Tho ground at that point is
high, and the water shoals off on a mud bottom.
The Thetis took a course nearly   due
southwest, and by way of the Great Circle.
I In the beginning of the survey soundings
] were made overy two miles until a depth of
!)00 fathoms was registered. Five miles out
from Point Conception sea bottom was found
I at eighty-seven fathoms, and at thirteen
1 miles, 281 fathoms were rogistered.   From
that point on toward the Hawaiian Islands
the depth of water increased gradually to
3,000 fathoms, or moro than threo and a
half miles.   That great depth was the average for many miles.   When the bottom was
level soundings were taken every ten miles,
' and where it was irregular, undulating, or
' where   reefs were discovered, soundings
wero taken at short intervals down to two
in a mile
THE GREATEST DEtTtI
sounded ou the route was 3,228 fathoms, at
a point about three hundred miles from
Hilo, on the island of Hawaii, where it is
proposed to land tho cablo. The water
shoaled to one thousand fathoms thirty-five
miles from Hilo, and shoaled gradually from
that on to the landing place, near which the
dopth is twenty fathoms. A short cable
will have to be laid to connect tho island of
Hawaii with Honolulu, but it is probable
that the direct cable to Japan would be laid
from Hilo to avoid transmissions and for
reasons of favorable landing.
For the ioute surveyed by lho Thetis the
cable to the Sandwich Islands would be 2,-
060 miles in length. Tho route surveyed by
the Albatross is about fifty miles longer.
The Albatross had heavy weather during a
great part of her trip, hut the Thetis experienced favorable weather during most of
the time. The Thetis survey is considered
to be the most accurate and best determined of any yet made for a Pacific cable;
The interests are partly commercial and
partly political. Direct and quick communication with British ports and colonies
and the far east generally is wanted for the
sake of Canada's commercial interests in
that direction ; but, and perhaps mainly,
an alternative telegraphic route to the East
is wanted for Government purposes���a route
that shall be entirely through British possessions and not subject to interference or
steppage by any foreign power. It is considered te be an essential move of prudential strategy in line with recont experiments
of shipping British troops from England to
India and the East over the Canadian Pacific
Railway.
These considerations havo led to the map-
pingout of threecompetitive routes. Atpres-
cnt all telegrams from New York for China,
Japan, or Australia must go under tlie Atlantic to London. Thence are threo routes to
India, two through to China and Japan,
and one continuation from either one of the
three on to Auslraliaand Now Zealand. The
northern route is from Loudon to Denmark,
through Russia aud
ACKOSS THE SIDKRIAM STEITES,
by the great Northern Telegraph Company
to Vladivostok, theoastern seaboard, whoro
connections with China and Japan are made.
The Indo-Eurcpoau route is a land line
across Germany, Russia, and Persia to the
Persian Gulf, and thenco to Bombay. The
eastern route, direct to Chinaand Australia,
is by way of Franco, tho Mediterranean,
Egypt, tho Rod Sea, Arabia, India, Pcnang,
and Singaporo, and thenco by way of Java
and Sumatra to PortDawin, on the northern coast.   Tho routes aro long.
Of tho threo projected Pacific routes two
start from British Columbia, one for Japan
and Australia, the other for Australiadiroct,
by tho way of the Fiji Islands, Tho northern routo is projected from a point near
Victoria B. 0., to Uiiimak, in the
Aleutian Islands, thenco te Attn Island,
and from thero to Japan. A supplementary cablo would bo run from Japan via
Manila und New Guinea to the northern
Australian cost. It is known as tho Canadian
route. The central, or United Stales
route, which has heen surveyed to the .Sandwich Islands by tho Thetis, would run ovor
tho routo surveyed to Hawaii, thenco to
Johnston Island, about seven hundred
miles west, thence to Wake Island, 1,300
miles west and midway belwconHa-vnii and
Japan, from there to Marcus Island, and
from Martin Island to a landing in Japan,
Japan and Australia are in communication now, Either of the Pacific cables
would complete the telegraphic circuil of
tbe globe,   Tho third  proposed  route is
from a point near Victoria, B.C., teflahu,
���Sandwich Islands, thence dueBonth l,0UO
miles to Fannin;; Island, thence to one of
the Fiji Island., l,600miles, and from there
another loop of about equal distance to
Brisbane, Australia. That, however,
would not afford good facilities for roachiiij*
China and Japan.
The approximate distances of each route
are : Northern, British Columbia io Japan,
3,(100 miles; central, Sau Francisco to Japan
5,900 miles; southern, British Columbia to
Australia, 0,750 miles. The extension of
the first cable route from Japan to Australia, projected mainly for Government purposes, probably, by the route indicated,
would be an added distanco of 3,000 miies.
The estimates of the probable cost of a
cablo by each of the three routes vary ono
estimate placing it at about four, six, aud
seven million dollars respectively for eaih
main route, aud an added three millions for an additonal cable from
Japan to Australia; but that is ouly approximate,
THE CANADIANS,
Australians, and the British Government are
naturally chiefly interested in the northern
and southern routes, and statistics are
quoted to show that either of these routes is
better than thecentral. Electricians, encode
an advantage for the northern roult in the
shorter distances between Intermediate
points, which would, of course, increase the
speed of transmission. That would have an
appreciable affect on the tariff for telegrams.
Over the short stretches on the northern
route the highest rate of speed could be
attained probably, but it is not improbable
that under possible aud favoring circumstances the same results could be obtained
over thc longer cables by thecentral routo
from San Francisco. It is said, also, that
the sea bottom 011 the northern routo is very
much more favorable, and that there would
be less risk of interruptions. A British gunboat completed receutly a series of surveys
along the proposed northern route.
It is probable that ot present two cables,
by diffetent routes, to China and Australia,
would not pay, and that rivalry would cause
loss to both. It has been suggested tbat tbe
Uuited States should join with the British
Government in favor of the northern route,
makinc ita terminus at a place in tlie State
of Washington instead of in British Columbia. How far the successful survey of the
central route by tho Thetis may effect tbe
question remains to be seen. That a transpacific cable is needed is conceded, .ml that
it will be constructed very soon by some
route is accepted by electricians as a settled
fact.
What the Baby Wanted-
Dr. Guster contributes to a German paper
the following brief but pathetic journal ot a
baby who, after thirteen days iu this world,
departed, leaving theso reflections for our
instruction :
First day���Wonderful, heavenly ! At last
[ am in this beautiful world 1 Who would
have thought it, that oue could breathe
freely breathe, and cry out . what oue
thinks? I rejoice particularly in the sui-
light and blue sky, in the fresh, pure air
with its coolness. If I could ouly sec and
feel all this splendor 1
Second Day���Oh, this horrible heat 11
have been deceived. This air, this wator,
this light how entirely different have I
imagined it would be. But patience, all will
oome right by and by. The old woman who
cares for me docs not seem to understand
me.
Fifth day���Still no solution. If it goes
on this way I cannot hold out long. The
whole livelong day must I lie buried in
feather cushions so that Iacan scarcely gasp
down a bit of air. Two Hum and one nan-
ne) binders, a little shirt, a flannel slip, a
long cushion filled with feathers, in which
I am wrapped from head to foot, over this
0 coverlet filled with feathers, the curtains
of my crib drawn to, iho room darkened
with double curtains, the windows closed,
so must I, poor worm, lie from morning till
evening, My burning skin is worse off than
the hot stove near me, which tan at least,
as I feel, give off its heat. Ob, that I did
know what I shall do. If I cry it brings
the old woman with her milk, which increases my misery ; my hands are cold
while my brain and skin are burning, sho
brings a tew more wraps. I turn my half
closed eyes from side to side seeking help,
and my tomentor says " the baby siuvers,"
aud really heats thc horrible things at the
stove.   Will no one come to my relief ?
Tenth Day���Again a fearful night ! I
cry, but I am not understood. I must drink,
drink, and again drink until the stomach
overflows. A half hour later they give me
something with a horrible taste from a teaspoon. Air, air, pure, cool air, light, water !
Shall I then have no hdp from this world !
Twelfth Day���Yesterday there was a
groat councilof my aunts and cousins. Each
one advised a different remedy for my sickness, but all agree that its cause is a cold
Warmth was urgently recommended, md I
received a new kind of infant food just discovered aud some strengthening wine, which
heated my brain a little mure, so that I was
deathly still. My liody is wrapped 10 tightly with the roller thai my stomach overflows
evory time a teaspoonful of anything is givon.
My feetare forcibly extended and enveloped
so I cannot bring them up I'i relieve the
pain, but my fecliug it gradually going.
Would that all were soon over.
Thirteenth Day.���Farewell, thou beautiful world. Thy light und thine air huvo
liecn denied me, but thither where 1 go
there are no fetters.
Why British Emu-rants to Brazil Have
failed.
The British Consul at .Santos, iu Brazil,
in his last report gives a number of reasons
for tho failure and mistortunos of recent
British emigrants to Brazil:��� (1.) The
Brazilian agents sent to recruit labour in
Europe extended their operations to Great
Britain, though instructed li confine them
to Latin races. (2.) Though Instructed to
recruit agricultural labor only, and receiving a commission lor each emigrant engaged, thoy eventually register*--! any individual who said he was an agriculturist. (3.)
Thc bulk oftho British enu'grants engaged
were conscquintly mill hands and people of
no occupation from tho manufacturing
towns, who would have failed anywhere as
agriculturists, even in a British colony. (4.)
The emigrants were deceived aud deceived
themselves ai to tho nature of the Work required of tbem, thc food they ware to receive, aud the value of money in Brazil. (6)
Their habits were totally unsulted te
a tropical climate, so that many telt sick
at the outoct. (6.) They could uot "peak
or understand a word of the .a*,ta��(|*. .|).(1,.��a.,ja,,.a^a^.,>..���.,..>^,.,...,^^^��^^c.,..-a>--aia.^~-a !�����������.. ���������
(Lije kootenay Star
H.l. Ontchi-oii.
Proprietor
R. W. Northey,
Edit i
SATURDAY, AUG. li, 1802.
An obnoxious stench greets lbe
nostrils of the pedestrian ou tbe rond
between tbe Methodist Ohuroh und
tbe top of Toboggan Hill. It is very
bad in the evening when there is no
breeze, the nir boing strongly impregnated with the effluviu of pig styes,
nnil lho perfume appears to bo most
aggressive ut the point where the
rotuls cross. With cholera, smallpox nnd yellow fever at various places
on tbe continent this state of tilings
Booms to bo almost inviting an attack
from one ot those dread diseases.
Fortunately there aro no dwelling
houses near, otherwise fever or smallpox might oven now bo prevalent in
the town. We suppose uo one has
any particular interest or business m
looking into tbe matter, but if a little
extra work will obviate any fear of
au epidemic those who are responsible
for tbe nuisance should uot hesitate
to undertake it.
" The Queen vs. Farwell." All who
have ever read Dickens's "Bleak
House" will readily recognize an
analogous case to tho above in "Jnrn-
dyeo vs. Jarnclyco." The blighting
effects of that interminable lawsuit
marked tbe lives of all the parties to
the oase, So it is with Iievelstoke,
While other towns in West Kooteuay
aro puebiug ahead with all their
young might, busy, bustling, thriving;
having no incubus in tbe shape of a
lawsuit, Revelstoke ���the oldest town
in West Kootenay and the best situated for trade and commerce in the
distriot; at the bead of river navigation aud a divisional point on the
Canadian Pacific Railway; with a
magnificent climate and a soil that
will grow auy thing���does not progress at all. The real estato man has
very little to do, as lots do not change
hands as in other communities, Outsiders do not care to come iu and
build, uor can any new industries be
started under tbe existing state of
things ; tbe town has not grown any
for six years. Why is this thus ?
Because for six years the blight and
mildew of our ancient lawsuit has
Bcttled upon it; because tbo Law's
lingering delays have well-nigh eaten
the heart out of everybody wbo has
interests at stake. Because for six
years tbore have been two claiiiiuuts
to the townsite, and until the case is
Settled in tbe Court of Final Appeal
this stagnation must continue, as no
one cares to buy townsite lots that
cannot be registered. Lots have boon
���purchased from both parties to tbo
Biiil, nnd it may turn out that personB
Who bought from John Doe will have
to re-buy tbe same from Richard Roe,
nud those who bought from Riohnrrl
Boe may find to their sorrow that
tbey should have paid their money
to John Doe. A rumor has been
circulated during the past few days
that the suit was ended--that Farwell
hud accepted an equivalent in land
elsewhere, Had tbis proved to be
true, then would " the winter of our
discontent" have been at end! The
iueubus removed, Iievelstoke would
have made a grand effort to overtake
tlie ambitious 3-year-old and the two
or three yearling towns in tbe district
which have beaten ber. But tbe
rumor is only a rumor���nothing more.
Mr. Furwell lias been in town this
week, aud be himself informs us. m
li manner that leaves no room for the
shadow of a dunbt, that "he will
make no compromise with tbe Durn-
Inion Government, but will contest
the suit tn tin- bitter end." 80 our
cit izi-ns may just as well sit down and
fold their arms fur six years longer
or get up and "kick.'" It will be
vain to look for any help in the
sell lenient of our trouble from Mr.
Farwell.
Good Templar Installation.
A mooting of Kev.-Utoko Lodge
I.O.ii T. wu.-- hold 00 Tuesdii, evening, whon tho following wero la
stalled an officers for tho onsuing
term :���
Urn. (' Ladner      C. T.
Hilt M. Lewis V. T,
Bro, 0  li. If 11 un*...       tit..:.
SSiat. M. Williamson    .. 'Irons.
Urn. A, Williamson        1'. S.
Bro. 0. IVrryliurry ..     C
lire. I'.. Pioard .. M
Sist. lv Ladner     A.M.
Bro. T. Lewis ,..Oh
Bro, C. Lindmark     ,    Bant,
Bm. A. E. Bunoiaon ,    I'CT.
Bro. W. ,1. Dickie   L. Dep,
Sist. E, Ladner Orf-amst,
At the wonl ly meeting nu Tuesday
evmiing a most entertaining debate
is anticipated, tlie subject for dis-
cimsiou being "Aro the mental capacities ol man uml woman equal?
Tbe affirmative will be presonterl in
a paper read by Mistt E Ladner, and
the negative In Mr. T. Lewis,
4aa>
Messrs. 0. II. Allen, 0, B Hnme,
Guy Burlier and II. I>. FInmo 0 ft
for Griffin  Luke  by llm  '0 o'olook
express on Thursday, Tbey ure aftor
flub, beam, M-uii'iuls, or any kind of i
gumotliBt turns Up,   L. II. Lnugloy, i
the Griffin Lake Nimrod, will act us |
pilot.   P.S.���The boys relumed thin I
���jiwuiug with about bo trout, I
lOiUihaM(hu;,iV li,
f ADDRESSED TO THE EDITOB, I
FO
Tbo Editor oannot bo responsible for the
1    opinions expressed by correspondents,
A Growl from Illecillewaet.
Stn,���The minors bero cannot 1111-
I (lerstiind why the Government agont
I (Mr. Kirkup) is so dilatory iu having
I much needed trails constructed iu
this enmp. There is no trail between
the bridge above Mr. Callaway's and
the Fish Crook trail. Pack trains
have lo travel along tbe railway
trunk, going through two rock cuttings, "ulloe samey as a tie pass."
This is im! as ii should be. Why
this " happy-go-lucky," "dovil mny-
oare " policy should be pursued is
beyond comprehension. If a train
should oome ulong while the puck
train was iu the cutting (about threo
quarters nf a mile) either tho pack
train would bo wiped ont or the cars
would be ditched���probably both,
and a terrible loss of life would
result. Mr. Kirkup's attontiou has
been repeatedly called to this important matter, but he does ucit make
the least effort to have tbe grievance
remedied.
Again, when the miners were employed on the Fish Creek trail (at
reduced wages from last year) Mr.
Kirkup was so small that he made
tbe men pay for packing in provisions, notwithstanding tbat tbey were
employed building a bridge some
twelve miles from the railway. Has
tbe British Columbia Government
desoended so low tbat it cannot afford
lo pay for packing, or does Mr. J.
Kirkup think be will got a feather in
bis bat or another stripe for pursuing such a cheese-paring policy ?
Laborers should be treated fairly
and good wages should be paid. Tbe
revenue from West Kootenay this
year will amount to $75,000 or #100,-
000. There aro several trails badly
needed in this camp, and if tbe
present Government agent cannot
look after these matters a man should
be appointed who would be able to
grasp the situation.
Another matter of pressing importance is tbe completion of tbe
Fish Creek trail as soon as possible,
so that communication may be bad
with the rich district of tbe Lardeau.
There is no earthly reason why that
trail should not bo finished in a very
short time; no need of waiting uutil
tbe snow flies. If it is to be of any
use this year no more time should be
wasted. By putting on a good force
of men it can be completed in three
or four weeks. Mon have to rustle
hard iu these mountains developing
their claims, and the Government
agont should be ready and willing lo
assist them in every way.
Iu conclusion lot me say that if
there is not a change for tho better
very soon there will bo some tall
scribbling from others beaides yours
truly, WATCHMAN.
Illecillewaet, August 2ud.
I In future we cannot publish auy
SALE
good    FAMILY.
I'n a-1:1:'s   well-
Three or four
COWS, from F
selected herd.
Box 217, Revelstoke, B.I
communication   ooutaiui
charges
against a public ollicial uuiess over
the writer's own signature. Our
present correspondent (whom we
linow to be a fair-minded man on tho
whole) will, we think, see ttiat it is
hardly fair to make a charge against
a man, whether be deserves it or not,
under the shelter of a nom de plume,
But we desire the tit.n: to retail!*, its
recently-acquired reputation for impartiality \a most difficult thing to
do), therefore we publish " Watchman's " letter in its entirety. If Mr.
Kirkup is guilty of the charges made
against him, we shall not be backward in exposing his dereliction of
official duties, but having reoeived
independent testimony ifrom Ille-
cille-vaet itself j that "the trail from
Illecillewaet to Fish Creek is one of
tbe best in the district," that " there
is no necessity for tbe trail to Flat
Creek to cross and re cross the river,
as thu road parallel with the Btn im
i.s a better and shorter one,1' that
there is no necessity for the washed-
out bridges to be replaced,' tbat on
request "the Government agent at
once put men to work on the G Id
Hill trail," and that "tbo trad to tbe
Lardeau is bein-.- pushed as rapidly
as possible," we cannot reconi ih b
different statements - both ci in. j*
from responsible and trustworthy
sources. There must be a mi itaki
somewhere, arid under the oiroutn-
stances we do not see bow we can not
more impartially than by plaoing
both statements before the public,
Had the bitter not been anonym',us,
there would have been re, need of
our doing this,- Ed, Stab, |
NAKUSP  ITEMS.
I rnOM "< i:    VS '  HT. I
Naki jp, August 3rd,
Mr. Mara and putty, wbo irrived
last Wednesday, left In str, Kootenai
on Friday afternoon for Bevelstoke,
The  party  on  board  inoluded   Mr,
ami Mrs. Mara and family, Captain
ami   Mrs.  Troupe and  family, Mr.
and  .Mrs.  Kerr and  Mr   antl   M
Graham, V. idle the geutl imi n mad,,
a trip over the new trail to tbe 81,
can, the lames enjoyed  thel
dulling and boating on our beautiful
bay.
Mr. Mara and tbe otbors an
opinion tbat thefllo
iiigly rich mineral oountry, uud no 1
thai it has developed  io   noli an
extent, a wagon rond between '���
and  the head of M"cim Laki
absolute necessity.   Wo nope, llioro-.
fore, that there will be no delay in
getting the work commenced,  1 hoar
ou goon authority that the C.P.R.
are prepared to bmr one-tbird of the
expense -a very fair idler when one
considers that it is to tho interest of
tbe Government to establish a good
road to the valuable property they
still owe, at New Denver.
Stewart's survey party arrived on
Monday's boat, and are now camped
about six miles from hero.
A recent addition to the town is a
cattle corral and slaughter - bouse,
whicli Messrs. Mayger and Oarscad-
den havo erected. Tin- firm intend
carrying on busiucss al Nakusp and
New Denver for the sale of nv ate,
vegetables and general produce. Tho
storo here is in course of erection
ami will be completed this week.
The cattle arrived on Monday and
wore successfully corralled, with tho
exception of one steer, which took to
the woods and has not since been
beard of. This is rather a bad start
for tho yonng firm, but, tboj will
very soon make up their loss by the
large business they will eventually
do. The old saying, "It's an ill
wind that blows nobody good," is
applicable in this case, as there is
littlo doubt that some prospector or
hunter will strike a bonanza in fresh
beef shortly.
Eevelstoke market gardenera will
realize high prices if thev send thoir
greenstuff down here.
Tbe machinery for Messrs. Hill
Bros.' sawmill at, New Denvor was
landed here last week, aud is uow
awaiting tbo completion of the wagon
road to bo taken in to itsdostiuation,
The town has beeu very gay lately,
two dauces having taken place, one
at the Leland House and tho other
at the Hotol Nakusp. Both were
entirely successful, being oxtremely
well attended, whilo Tom Duffy's
music was a treat.
There has also been a great deal of
excitement prevailing owing to the
dogs about town beiug unable to
elect a boss, and oonstant lighting
has been tbe consequence.
I am sorry to say the quarreling
has not beon confined to tho dogs,
Some, lively scraps havo occurred
rocently among tbe superior animals.
It is to be hoped this warlike spirit
will not continue, as it will tond to
destroy the harmony of our beautiful
city, whioh has hitherto been unbroken. It would be much better
if such trivial disputes wero settled
by tbe mode whicli has been customary here in the past, "Dutch flips."
They have been given and takon with
great gusto, either iu the parlor, the
sidewalk, or any other place where
the unhappy viotim happened to be
standing.
There will probably bo some matrimonial intelligence to oommunioate
sh, iti;,, One of our principal oon-
I Lactors bus beeu showing a great
1 partiality lately for " the city below
the lull. Whether lhe attraction is
the beauty of the lako shore or some
lair lady's cbarins ib not yet decided,
but ever) evening as "cat-light"
approaches a whisper goes round
that " Tummy's gut his gun," and is
waiting to givo his rival a warm
reception,
A meeting was held last night iu
Dau .McGillivray's now dwelling to
, consider the question of haviug a
school at Nakusp, There was a largo
attendance. Dau McGillivray was
appoiuted as chairman aud Frank
liouruo secretary. It was decided
that a school was a necossity, and
the chairman and secretary were
appointed a committee to draw up a
petition urging the need of a teaober
at once und in timo a schoolhouse
for Nakusp, and forward tbo samo to
the educational authorities.
The hotels are still kept vory busy,
and a new one is to bo comineucod
next woek. The walls of tho Nakusp
House ure now oomploto with their
embellishments, the work being dono
in a iirst-eluss manner.
Nakusp is certainly in luck to havo
Buob an experienced paperhanger as
Mr. Tout Abriel.   Uo is well known
in Portland and other cities for bis
frloienoj as a house decorator.
i      ��� ��� 1.1 tbi  week on duck Walsh's
nnw residence, ana it is lo bo hoped
tha! hisstaj in Nakusp will lie long
enough to  beautify  the  interior of
t, if not all, of tho buildings
.;. tbi   !    '��� D
\\ 1 nave been ���! ited this weok hy
a swarm ol tn 1 q litoes, '.vhich pro*
bably eame down by steamer from
il,������, [stoke I bis is our Iirst ex-
perieooe of tbi pe ts, and we are all
praying thai il tnaj be our last. They
are bloodthirsty little wretches,
��.
No man evei -moked Myrtle Navy
tobacco for a fortnight sod then took
to ,.uy brand in preference to il, It
bears Its own testimony of its quali-
: ties, and II ; l testimony which is
always convm nng, Tlio smoker who
ages it ia never Biiuoyed hy getting
it sometimes ol good quality, some
times of bnd 1 b 1 0 rang, ments
of tbe mat r km ping its
quality liquid are fory el ,1, irato anl
uomplete, an I in !,  rt mil  oi many
if I    pel    1106 and Close ob I i
vation.
; ,���    olii
Hi pa     1'iihiil     I ml I ���
1 1 I,
Kipmis Pnhiil   cu   I        noss,
I       ,       1     ��� Ullll'lli Ilii tele'.
H. is. C0TJRSIEK
IS OPENING UF WITH AN ENTIRELY NEW STOCK OF
GROCERIES, PROVISIONS,
iwm, mm,
Hardware, Clothing,
BOOTS, SHOES, MB
MINERS' SUPPLIES
ALL BOUGHT IN THE BEST AND CHEAPEST MARKETS.
)
MILLINERY AND DRESSMAKING A SPECIALTY,
MAIL ORDERS PROMPTLY AND CAREFULLY ATTENDED TO.
BOURNE BROS.
Revelstoke Station Post Office.
DRY GOODS, GROCERIES,
u 1 mm w 1 hip
BOOTS & SHOES,
GENTS'    FURNISHINGS.
FLOUR, OATS, SHORTS AND ALL KINDS OF FEED.
Stoves, Tinware. Crockery, Glassware. Carpets.
Doors, Windows, Builders' Hardware, Paints, Oils, Varnishes.
MINERS' AND  SPORTSMEN'S   SUPPLIES.
WALL  PAPER,  STATIONERY,  Etc.
CHRISTIE, BROWN k CO.'S BISCUITS AND CONFECTIONERY.
Bakery in connection with Store.
Messrs. 0. B. Hume & Co,
Revelstoke Station,
GENERAL MERCHANTS.
GROCERIES
PROVISIONS
j.OO'i." & SHOES
FLOUR
FS'lED & OATS
AMMUNITION
HARDWARE
CLOTHING
MINERS' TOOLS
Consignment of Butter and Eggs received every week.
MINERS' AND HUNTERS' SUPPLIES.
ALL K11DS  OF   FURS  BOUGHT  AND   SOLD.
Railway Men'a Requisites.
GOODS LOADED ON OAR AND STEAMBOAT FREE OF CHARGE^
Furniture & Undertaking.
R.  HOWSON,
Has a large Stock of Household Furniture, Coffins, Caskets,
Shrouds. &c.
REVELSTOKE,    B.C.
BARBER
���the-
Jeweler
AAA,
AND
W AA'A'"". ���*-*'W
'^k%fLW
Optician. yBf
AU ordersbyrauilor
express promptly
attended
to.
REPUULNU
A
SPECIALTY.
All descriptions of
gold aud silver.
T. L. HAIG,
Notary Publio
ttijfUUtf Tabul ������ prolong	
W. A. JOWETT,
Notary Public.
JOWETT & HAIG
Miuing, T1U.U01' and   Real   Estate Brokers and Genoral
Co ission Agents.
Conveyances, Agreements, Bills of Sale, Mining BondB, eto., drawn np
1 ,      [,���c* Accounts Collected : Mining Claims Rougbt nud Sold ; Assess-
���vork ou Miuing Claims Attended to j Patents Applied for, Eto��� Etc,
t- ���'  in;i,   l.lli. AMI ACCIDENT INSURANCE AGENTS.
Lot* on Townsite of Iievelstoke for Bale aud Wanted, Agents for Mining
���,U iiiiii.-i'v, Etc,
REVELSTOKE. II, 0,

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