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The Kootenay Star Jul 2, 1892

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Array Ri.
REVELSTOKE, B. C.. JULY 2, 1892.
Greeting i���
WHEREAS one Arthur Stanhope
Farwell pretends to have somo right
or title to Lot number Six in Group
One of the district of Kootenay in the
Province of British Columbia, which
lot of laud is situate and lying within
tbe Canadian Pacific Railway belt,
and claims to bo entitled to sell and
dispose of tbe said lot or portions
NOTICE is hereby given lhat the
said Arthur Staubope Farwell Imb no
right, title or interest wbatever in the
said land, nor is he entitled to the
possession thereof; but thut the said
land is the property of and is vested
in Her Majesty tbe Queen in right of
tbo Dominion of Canada, from whom
alone a valid title to the said land can
be obtained.
The public are therefore warned
that deeds or conveyances of the said
land or any portions thereof made by
tho said Arthur Sianhope Farwell will
convoy no title or interest to the purchaser, nor any right to possession,
and that all persons purchasing any
portions of the said land from the said
Arthur Stanhope Farwell will do so
at their own risk and peril.
By order,
Department of the Interior,
Ottawa, 3rd June, 1892.
To Let,
Good Cellar, Woodshed,
and large Garden.
Can be viewed on application at
Stockholm House
The Dining-room is furnished with the
best the market affords.
The bar is supplied with a choice stock
of wines,liquors and cigars,
To TAKfi Effect June 80th, 1892!
Columbia and Kootenay
Steam Navigation Co.
Arrow Lakes and Columbia
River Route Steamers,
Steamer will leave Revelstoke at 4
S.m. every MondaV and 'Thi'KspAv
for Bobson, Trail Greek and Little
Dalles, returning to Revelstoke on
Wednesdays and Saturdays.
Close connection made with Canadian Pacific Railway at ReVelstokej
Columbia k Kootenay Railway at
Robson for Nelson, and Spokane Falls
4 Northern Railway at Little Dalles
for Spokane Fall*, Watsh.
The largest and most central Hotel in
the city ; good accommodation ; everything uew ; table well supplied ; bar and
billiard room attaohed ; fire proof safe,
F. McCarthy  ....   Pbop
First-olass Temperance House.
Board and Lodoinr $5 Per Week.
MEALS, 250.      11EDS 25c.
This hotel is situated convenient to the
station, is comfortably furnished, and
affords first class accommodation.
Btf. NfJ.son connects with Columbia k Kootenay Railway at Nelson,
and calls at all points on Kootenay
3ft Q ��� CHRISTIE,      J. W. -TROUPE,
Assayer and Analytical Chemist,
Golden, B.C.
Silver, Gold ot* Lead, each.... f 1.50
do. combined   8.00
Silver and Lead    2.50
Silver and Gold    2.00
Silver and Copper    8.50
Silver, Gold aud Copper......   4.00
Silver, Gold, Lead and Copper   5.50
Other prices on application.
Certificates   forwarded   per
return of mail.
Royal Mail Lines.
Proposed Sailings from Montreal
CIRCASSIAN. .Allan Line.. July 2nd
MONGOLIAN        " July 9th
8ARNIA.. .Dominion Line. .July 6th
LABRADOR " Julv 13th
TORONTO " July 20th
LAKE ONTARIO.,Beaver..June 29th
LAKE NEPIGON      "      July 6th
From Nevr York.
TEUTONIC., .White Star.. .July 6th
BRITANNIC " July 13th
ADRIATIC " July 20th
Cabin U0, W5, 850, 860, 0, $80 up-
a wards.
Intermediate, 325; Steel-age, $20,
Passengers ticketed through to all
points in Great Britain and Ireland, and
at specially low rates to all parts of the
European continent.
Prepaid passages arranged from all
Apply to nearest steamship or railway
agent; to
I. t. Brewster,
Aoent, Revelstokbj
or to Robert Kerb, General Passenger
Agent, Winnipeg.
11EEF, 1'OHK,  ETC.
Atlantic Express, arrives 10.10 daily,
Pacifio       " ��     16.52   "
Cheapest, most reliable and safe
route to Montreal, Toronto, St. Paul,
Chicago, New York and Boston.
Rates $5 to $10 lower than any other
other route,
Specially fitted Colonist Cars, In
charge of a Porter, for the accommodation of Passengers bidding wound
class tickets. Passengers bonked in
and from all European points at
Lowest Kates,
Low Freight liates. Quick despatch, Merchants will save money
by having their freight routed via
theC.P, II.
Full and reliable information given
by applying to    D, E. BROWN,
AsHt, lli-n'l Freight Ag't, V'noouver,
or to I. T. BREWSTER,
Ag't 0.1'- K. Dopot, Revelstoke,
it* fill yn& 1
38����9?s & ��e@;&��
Prevent baldness by gblting yonr
hair singed by Prof. Gilbert at Columbia House barber shop,
Service will lie held by the Rev.
T. Paton iu the Presbyterian church
at 7.30. to morrow evening.
The name of the town on Sloean
Lake formerly known as Eldorado
has been changed to New Denver.
Rev. C. Ladner's lecture on "Tbe
Stars" last Monday night was well
attended. Want of space forbids a
notice in detail,
Rov, Mr. Smith, Methodist minister for Ainsworth, arrived from Ontario on Monday and left for the
scene of bis labors.
Rev. Mr. Ladner will preach tomorrow in the Methodist Church,
morning at 10.30, evening at 7.30,
All are cordially invited.
Rev, John Robson, A.B., Methodist minister for Union Mines, Vancouver Island, and his wife passed
through for the coast on Tuesday,
The flag over the Courthouse is
flying at half-mast in consequenoe of
the almost sudden death in London
of the Hon, John Robson, provincial
seoretary of B.C.
Pete Walker, Tom Downs, Archie
McDonald and Charlie Holden left
Rovelstoke on .Holiday in two row-
boats, aud arrived at their claims on
Lardeau Creek the following day.
They will carry out development
work vigorously,
The following business men of the
town have signed the guarantee for
the payment within twelve months
of the $350 balance of the purohase
money for the chemical fire engine:
Gilker & Wells, Brown k Clark, G.
H. Williams, Abrahamson Bros., O.
H. Allen, Jowett k Haig, John Stone,
H. N. Coursier and W. Cowan.
Mr, and Mrs. Herbert Creelman,
who are members of the Methodist
Church choir, are leaving for Sicamous early next week. Last Thursday evening Mrs, Creelman was the
recipient of a handsome marginal
Bible with colored maps and plates
and her name in gilt lettering on the
morocco binding, the gift of the
choir, as a token of their esteem.
Latest reports from Big Bend contradict tbe statement that the waters
of French Creek bad broken into the
Consolation Gold Mine. It was
merely some water from an old
working, which quickly drained it-
self out. Geo. Laforme has just
returned from the Bend, and gives a
good account of tho prospects there.
Hunker is doing well at the Consolation, and is daily expecting a big
find of gold.
Tbe beat for the first three days of
tbe week was tropical, the thermometer remaining stationary during the
daytime at 96 in the shade. This
sent the river np, and the water was
muoh Higher than has been known
for some years, almost submerging
the islands opposite and below the
town. On Thursday, however, the
sky became overcast early in tbe day,
and the thermometer fell to t>0 deg.
The river also fell a little.
The steamers Lytton and Marion
both took excursion parties down the
river yesterday, the former to Nakusp, 60 miles down on the Arrow
Lake, By a peouliar coincidence
both vessels met with a mishap last
night and tied up till daylight. This
morning about half - past six tbe
Lytton arrived up with the Marion's
passengers on board, baviog taken
them off three or lour miles down.
Full particulars of both trips will
appear next week.
Sheriff Redgrave, who attended
County Court at Nelson on the 22ud
ult., met with a loss in his way down
river. It appears tbat he left his
pocket-book, containing a large sum
of money and a cheque, under the
pillow in his berth, and did not miss
it uutil he arrived at Nelson, \\ hen
he left tbe boat at Robson his late
berth was immediately occupied by
a passenger for tho u < > trio, and the
boat started at once. The sheriff
says he telegraphed to the sterner
officials at Robson, but by that time
the boat wus gone, and there is no
telegraph communication with Revelstoke, Tbe pookel-book has not beeu
Thomson's Landing to Healy Crook,
a distanco of fifty miles. It is ou
the tails that three or four big
locations will be made shortly.
Messrs. Crockett, Pool an Robinson, who are planer mining to the
north of Trout Luko, with a fair
measure of success considering the
high stage of tho water, have threo
cariboo aud two bear carcasses
cached iu a glacier for summer use.
Last week a party of 16 pruspootors
and minors from the State of Washington, headed by Mr. Blaokburne
of Seattle, chartered tbo str. Marion
for Thomson's Landing, at the bead
of the Northeast Arm, and wero
afterwards packed out to tho miuiug
camp on thc Lardeau Creek. Thoy
are now prospecting north of Trout
Over 10 prospectors have tented at
Thomson's Landing during the past
ten days, giving tbe place tbe ap-
j pearanco of a canvas town or a camp
' meeting.
Mr. E. Johnson is busy with his
pack train, carrying miners' supplies
from Thomson's Landing to Trout
Lake, and although he has worked
incessantly during the last ten days
tbe freight has accumulated on his
bauds. The services of a few more
horses are required.
Trout Lake is a wonderful plaoe
for fishing. All the miners camped
on its shores or within a few miles of
it express themselves as being delighted with the grand sport obtained
there, being able to catch all the
trout tbey require iu a few minutes,
using the most primitive kind of
tackle. One and all are emphatic in
stating that it is the best fishing
ground they ever met with, One
monster trout got away with the line
and half tbe pole, whioh broke in
two just as the fish was lifted clear
of the water.
All the orops on Messrs. Johnson,
Stauber and Thomson's ranches, in
the Lardeau are looking remarkably
No. 3.
would come hero every summer, lu-"T
stead of passing us by for tbe Ola**
cier and other resorts.
School examination took place lost.
Friday, there being 23 scholars pre'
sent.  The examination began by tbo
fourth class giving tho continuance*
of a story commenced last year, "Thu
Story of King and Locusts,'' and
acquitted themselves very creditably,
The spelling of tbe third class was-
exeellont, and in every branch the
class showed very marked improvement.   Tbe answers and spelling of
the second class were good, bat there
was a little fault exhibited by some
of  tbe class  which  can easily be
remedied, that of very low speaking,
In the second reader the spelling was
remarkably good, and the second
primer equally so.    In geography,
physiology, history aud grammar the1
fourth class did uot do as well ae
was expected, bul great satisfaction
was expressed at tbo proficiency ot
the third class in the same subjects.
Following is the order of merits--
Myrtle Navy
T. & B.
In Bronze Letters.
Thomson's Landing, June 29th.
J. W. HaBkins, who left Rovelstoko Wednesday morning in a row-
boat, was met by J. V. ThoniHon
tho same day going up the Arm. Ho
is on hia way to the Lardeau, where
bo intends working on his claim, tho
"Orphan Boy," and will ship oro by
paok train during September aud
Tbe Miner stated a fow weoks ago
that some proHpootors were leaving
the Sloean lieoailse thoy wero disappointed at uot finding a mine ou
every mountain and stream. Many
of these are goiug into lhe Lardeau,
whero their expectations aro likely
to bo realised, as old pi-napeelor's
there state tbat they ciin find a prospect in every shovelful uf dirt Irom
f JBOM oub own correspondent]
Illecillewaet, June 28th.
We are having quite a "boom,"
several claims having changed bands
during the last few days. Archie
Chisholm aud Walter Scott have sold
the "Goat Cave" to Mr. Mackintosh,
M.P., of Ottawa, for $20,000. Mr.
Maokiutosh also bought several other
claims, among them being B. Green's
"Blue Bell" for $6,000.
Mr- Ryokman, M.P. for Hamilton,
is also here, and has bought several
Mr. McDermid, of Toronto, is here
with three gentlemen from Glasgow,
Scotland. They are going to ship
eight tons of ore from the "Jumbo"
to Glasgow for a final mill test, and
if tbe returns are satisfactory (and
there is no doubt about it) they will
buy the mine.
The "Lanark" has been surveyed
underground, and it is the intention
of tbe company to rush work this
J. M. Kellie and party have been
heard from. They are all right, and
expeot to get through to Dunoan
River and into the Lardeau country
before returning,
Mr. Watson and Mr. Mackintosh
left yesterday for Vancouver on
business connected with their company.   They return on Thursday.
Mrs. Marshall is with us again. Sbe
returned from Viotoria yesterday.
Work at Fish Creek is progressing
satisfactorily. Mr. Fishbourno, of
Chioago, who has the "Annie" aud
"Agnes" bonded, is pushing on the
development work us fast as possible.
J. H. Anderson is ut Fiah Creek
with a gang of men developing four
claims which Mr. Ryokman bought.
Several mou are working on tbe
trail between hero and Fish Creek,
putting it in shape for pack horses.
The law prohibiting saloons being
open on Sundays appears to be a
dead letter here, It ia a sad sight
to seo men in all stages of drunkenness in the streets on the I ord's-day.
Onr magistrates should see to it and
have the law carried ont. It is very
different in Revelstoko, where you
have a stalwart police officer to keep
order. If matters do not mond it
will be necessary for tbe Govornment
to appoint a policeman bore.
There is no good reason why the
Government should not appoint a
miuiug recorder for this section, and
have bim act as constable. If our
present recorder is appointed gold
commissioner ho cannot attend to Iho
district properly ami net as recorder
Ion, and as llleeillowaet is Ihe most
important mining oamp in Upp><r
Koolenay tbe recorder should be
located here.
Illecillewaet is badly in need of a
flrst-olaaa hotel. This is not casting
any reflection ou onr present hotels.
They aro first-olass as far as they go,
but if we had a hotel like tho "Viotoria" at Revelstoke a great manv
tourists would vu>it ns, and would do
moro towards advertising us than
anything else.
We huve here tt. me of the grandest
ROenery in AiM'-rioa, and if the place
w��s properly advertised thousands
Proficiency prize���Willie Ladner.
Regularity and punctuality���Willie
Deportment���Ellie May.
Fourth Reader,
Stella Brown was head in reading.
writing and written arithmetic,
grammar, British history and
Cauadiau history,
Ella Paton, head in composition,
mental arithmetic, spelling, geography, Canadian history and physiology.
Third Readeb (Sbniob).
Maggie Lewis ranked lst, and also
head in spelling aod written until-*
Jessie Paton, lst in reading, writing.
composition, geography and gram'
Charlie Lewis, lst in mental aritht
Alfred Palmer, in mental arithmetic
Third Readeb (Junior).
Bertie Temple ranked 1st, and head
in reading, spelling, writing and
written arithmetic
Tom Paton, writing and grammar.
Ethel Ladner, iu composition,
Sam Needham, mental arithmetic.
Second Readeb,
Frank Brown ranked 1st, and head
in reading, writing and arithmetic.
Lewis Ranch, spelling and oomposi'
Second Pbimbb,
Willie Beavo rauked lst, aud also lst
in arithmetic.
Jimmy Patou, in reading.
Pearl Law, in writing.
The schoolroom was rilled in tha
evening by relatives aud friends of
the pupils, when tbe following program was gone through, tbe children
acquitting themselves admirably:���
Opening address .Maggie Lewie
Song���"Good Evening" School
Dialogue���"Not so bad as it seems"
Hattie Lee, Edith Lewis, EllieMay,
Pearl Thomson, Jimmy Patou and
Lewis Ranch,
Reoitation���"Upon my word she did''
Jessie Paton.
Song���"Don't let mo die an old maid"
Edith Lewis.
Reoitation���" I be Rainbow " Ethel
Ladner, Mabel Thomson, Jessie
Paton, Willie Ladner, Bertie Tern'
pie, Lewis Ranch and Tom Paton.
Reoitation���"A quarrel''Edith Lewi*
Sunflower ohorus ,
"When I was young," Stella Brown
and Ella Paton.
Song���"The shaking of the hands,"
A play iu throe acts.
Dramatis Persona).
Mrs. Twaddle ..EllaPaton
Jack Frank Browu
Fairy Helpaloug Emma Oberg
Giaut Horri luead J. Sutherland
His wife 8caredtodeath...,A,Palmer
Tableau Ciuilcrella's wedding
Mr. F. Fraaer then presented the
prizes, which wero numorous enough
to go rouud twice over, some of the
pupils receiving three prize, which
consisted of b.iiids, iiuely boiin.i books.
Miss Halliday was the recipient of
warm applause as she addressed tho
meeting. This was her farewell to
Rovolstoko and to teaching, us sho
intends goiug home for a long holiday to recuperate her health. Tlm
entertainment was brought to a con-
iilusioii by au acrostic, ' Good bye,"
ami the National Anthem,
On Saturday Mr. 0, H. Templo
was elected u sehooi trustee in placo
of Mr. H, N, Coursier, whoso term
of office has expired.
NTo Pi-miker wbo lias ever used lhc)
Myrtle Navy tobacco for, say n
leonih. ever relinquishes it for any
olher brand. Its flavor is rich and
[nil, ami ii never burns the tongue
larches the palate. It ii, in fa ���'.
the ue [tlttS ultra of Blocking tO i,ie-,i, HV JOHN  E, STAFFORD.
There was evil in front ot as, and much
aching of hearts and suffering. But the
throstle sang in the sycamore tree, and the
swallows curved alld twitted all about us,
and in the rich amber light we could see
that all was fair and good ; then our eyes
would meet, and we thought not of evil,
Doris and I. We spoko little, our hearts
boiug very full and words mere idleness.
Doris looked out again to the west, leaning
her head against me, and taking my hand as
it twined over her shoulder. Wo were iu
the orchard hy the old green wicket, where
a month ago, hefore the blossoms had burst
their bulbs, she had allowed mc to toll her
an old tale, and had said one word of her
own to give it finish. And as the throstle
sang his love-song, and the sua sank to his
bed behind the hilis, I thought of then and
now, and my head lowered and I kissed her
forehead gently. Then Doris sighed as if
aBpell was broken. For I had come to tell
of my windfall ; that I was no longer a
poor man ; that instead of waiting for
years, we might begin our married life
on my return from Canada in three
mouths or so ; and the sudden happiness of
the thing had wrapt us round and silenced
us both. .Vow that the first Hush of it was
over, we remembered the Heeling minutes,
and fell io talking. What wo said is of no
account hero : bat so little did we dream of
harm, or iceident of nature to cross our!
happiness, that not once did we mention
��j\j��\il.K) iili-La  X. I toread it, and 1 sent her an account of -nine;
and all the while ilicsaii'esiin warmed us, and
the same moon set us thinking ono of the
other when the day was over and our souls
skipped out for a game at dreams. .She was
theic and I was here, and soon there would
be no there and here, but only one place and
we in it
Thinking to this tune I jumped into the
saddle one August morning and rode up to
the post-office for the usual weekly letter. I
always rode over, because the postboy who
passed us on his way to the next settlement waited for the second mail at noon. 1
met Mr. Henshaw at the door of the ollice
with two letters and a new-paper in his
" Mornin', Mr. Sodley,'1 said he ; " lot o
letters this mail; let me hold the cob till
you come out."
That was the beginning of it���there was
no letter, I rejoined Henshaw, and walked down with him to his store, heavy with
" Like to see the paper?" said he, as I
was leaving, after ordering some supplies
of this man. " 'Tain't often I get one ; but
my brother's hay-ricks a' bin hlazin', an'
he's sent the account of it. Arl new hay
too, an' on'y part insured.   Ain't it a pity?"
I said it was, and looked moodily [litoiigh
the columns for news that might Intcrtst
me. only learned that there had been a
regatta at Evesham;' and tiiat our old
doctor at Ranston had sob' his practics to a
Dr. Robson���that was all. But as 1 rode
home 1 kept muttering that doctor's name,
wondering where I had heard it before, till
suddenly it came tome, bringing a lot of
something else with it.
Why had Doris oovcr mentioned him behind though we knew ho was coming next I yond the postscript in her first letter, weeks
day, to stay perhaps for some weeks, as sick | ago ? I had clean forgot ten she had a Cousin
loneliness us long as I could people it with
fancy and see Doris and good company beyond it. Hut to remain there with my
dead hopes all about me grinning like marionettes which love had made caper, deluded
by its own maeic ; to live on through the
long monotonous heat with no opposite
shore for the bridge of thought to touch,
with no future but a fogbank where had
been a fair country. No, I could not.
people do,
Then we said good-bye, and I opened the
wicket to pass through ; but seeing the wet
in h. r eyes, lingered a while longer till sho
was smiling again, when I let her go. liut
I looked back again every dozen yards or
so ; and when I got across the second
meadow and stood by the stile before vault-
in'- into the high-road, I could still see the
straight white figure among the green, and
the waving handkerchief. So I asked Hod
to keep her. and went my way with the rose
she had given me. Walking home in the
pink twilight, the heaviness at leaving her
wore oil'as I looked into the future and saw
what was there, or rather what I pictured
in it. For when love is the warp and fortune the woof, what will not the shuttle of
fancy d.i ?
yesterday, things had heen so different.
Of all my airy castles, there seemed hardly
one left, and I had built a good few. Before I knew Doris, such imaginings had
nsver troubled nie ; but when I had met
her at Winohcomb flowershow, love had
torn-hod me with its wand, and of a sudden
the dead wall of my life, like lhat in
Chaucer's Romaunt -for I had read a thing
or two in the long winter nights before the
old place had been hammered into other
hands���seemed all alive with pictures.
Everything was lit up ; the world seemed a
new place, and life had sweeter meanings
after 1 had looked into Doris's eyes and she
into mine. And when, after many months,
I plucked up courage to ask her heart how
it was, and as she told nie, the future widened out in such a fashion that the sight
ot it nearly made ine light-headed.
Had 1 known how things were, I should
have held my tongue, through shame and
hopelessness. But my father never gave a
sign that ruin was near upon him ; that my
comfortable heritage, as I deemed it, was
mortgaged to its last rood. The crash came,
and then the sale, and then life in a little
cottage with a broken-down father and a
changed look-out which perhaps made
���Stephen, so little did I heed him; hut he
was still at Ranston, slid perhaps an inmate
of her home. Why Here I dropped thc
reins, and drew out her last letter, to steady
me. I read it through, and the dear words
brought kindliness back, and I kissed her
name at the end, saying some one was a
But the doub' had found entrance, and
grew, as cancers do, without our knowing
it. For the days went on, and no letter
came, no sign, till I grew half-wild at thc
cruelty of it. I wrote, reproaching her;
and another week went and another. At
last the letter came. The postboy handed
it to me as I stood at the gate���I daresay
he wondered why I was always there��� and
I ripped it open, while my heart pumped
lit to break itself. Then tne paper dropped
from my hands, and I held on to the gate
with a singing in my ears, and a sudden
weakness in seeing, which darkened the
sun and all beneath it.   .   .   .
Doris unfaithful���it wasn't natural.
Our souls had grafted, and we were one ;
we were two streams that had met to turn
the same millwheel together; our hearts
were bound with ligaments of their own
growing ; there was no undoing what nature had so willed. Yet there was her
handwriting, her own words in good black
ink telling white it was a liar.
Then all at once, through the rush and
swirl of it, came the thought of the new
doctor, and a queer coldness went through
me as if I had been turned to clay before
my time. The life seemed to go out from
me, and I could scarcely move my feet as,
half staggering, I went indoors and dropped
into a chair. Again I read the note, though
every cursed word was burnt in my brain
for ever.
" I cannot marry you, (bar���it is impossible. 1 like you���I am fond of you, as I
tohl you in the orchard that evening ; hut
I cannot be your wife���I cannot indeed.
Oh, I wish I had told you earlier how things
were ; it was cruel of me to let you go on
over-moody. For sometimes I despaired of! loving me without telling you the" truth. I
ever pososaing Doris, orof being able under I ffas afraid to at last; but now you are away
many years to support her in a way fitting ,il -^eins less diiiieult to say. Forgive me ;
to her upbringing, Everything would be j look elsewhere for a more fitting mate-
broken oil', and it would'all he dead wall [ sol"e one who can fully share your new life
again, j with you, and help vou as a wite should,
It Was in  some such humour that the | w'th head, heart, and baud���some one who
notary b letter found me that morning.   [, can love \ on better than Doris."
had seldom heard of Uncle Ben, and had A" hour went by, maybe two, while the
never seen him.   He had in early manhood [ hardening went on; while the love died
'i'lu'V are lu Possession and Will Not
Probably no ship that enters the harbor
of Philadelphia is more dreaded by tho
sailor man than the Earn Line steamship
Unionist, owing to the fact that she is nearly alive with rats. Thousands of these animals enjoy all the luxury of sea life and
every effort to rid the ship of the plague
has proven futile. Those on board the
Unionist dread to sleep, as frequently they
are awakened by the pricking sensation of
a number of rats running over any portion
of the body that may be exposed, and thus
the handsome ship is rendered a pest hole
by the intrusion of the rodents.
Pilot Kelly, who came up in charge of
the Unionist, says he was very tired after
walking the bridge all day ou tho lookout
while she was coming up the river, and
when she was safely anchored he turned in
for a good night's sleep. About midnight
he was awakened by tho blowing of a ship's
steam whistle, and on rising in bed he was
horrified to find himself covered and surrounded by rats, every one as large as a cat.
Many had nibbled large holes in the quilt,
while others jumped around on the lloor,
gnawing at a large piece of bread they had
some way got, from the pantry. Kelly was
frightened, and walked the deck the rest
of the night.
Capt. Neate, the commander of the Unionist, is at his wits' end to know what remedy
to adopt. He always carries his wife, and
the conditions were such that he had erected on deck a wooden house, in which they
both live nearly all the time. Not long
ago he adopted a plan to smother the rats
by moans of closing up all the hatches and
burning sulphur throughout the entire ship,
By this he succeeded in getting rid of a few
thousand of them, but a few weeks later the
ship was as thoroughly infested as ever.
The rats on board the Unionist arc of a
peculiar kind. .Some are actually as large
as fair-sized cats, and have weighed as
much as four pounds. They are of a rare
species, never seen in this country, and
Capt, Neate thinks they are the pure East
Indian rat.
The Unionist, for some years previous to
being chartered by the Earn Line Steamship Company, was engaged in the India
trade, principally between Pondieherry,
the French settlement of the Indies, and
Marseilles, carrying peanuts, and it was in
this way that the rats first got on hoard at
Pondieherry, they being very fond of peanuts. After this the Unionist went from
England to all parts of the world, but, the
rats in the hold had some cargo to gnaw at
uutil now, and confined themselves to that
portion of the ship, never entering either
the cabin or forecastle,
Since January the Unionist has been
carrying coal to Cuba and reloading with
iron ore, and the rats being unable to subsist on either commodity, have forsaken
the holds and invaded the cabins. The
sailors have all got news of thia and it is
next to impossible to get a crew to go in
her, as the rat, above all things, is what
Jack is most afraid of.
A Number or Scientific Men Are! citing
I luir Faces Northward.
Two well-known Swedish scientific men,
Messrs. Bjorling and Kallstemuis, arrived
in St. Johns, N. F., a few days ago.
They are commissioned hy the Geographical
and Zoological societies of Stockholm to explore the shoies of Smith Sound, in the
Arctic regions, to collect specimens of the
flora and fauna of the district, and to take
astronomical observations. They will hire
a schooner here for their voyage, from
which they expect to return in .September.
Whalers here who are acquainted with
the work these explorers have planned for
themselves think they cannot carry out the
programme. It is believed to he utterly
impossible for a sailing vessel to reach
Smith .Sound this summer in time for tlie
party to do any scientific work and return
this season. The last sailing vessel to pass
through the difficult ice of Melville Bay
was the schooner of Dr. Hayes. He had a
terribly hard time nf it and could not possibly have returned the same season.
The scalers and whalers here think that
vessels depending on sails alone have no
business at all in Melville Bay. It is
thought certain that unless the Swedish ex
plorers equip their vessel for a stay of a year
and a half at least they will either come to
grief or will return without having accomplished anything.
Information has been received that a
party of Americans is coming to explore
Labrador and visit the Great Falls, which
were discovered last year.
It is reported that the expedition which
will leave here about July 1 under the
leadership ol Prof. HcilprinofPhiladelpli
uuttlUBlTI    UUiiUMJN
Burning of an Oak 1,100 Years Old-
The other day an unusual spectacle was
witnessed in the Home park at Hampton
court, when a magnificent oak growing about
20 yards from the long water was discovered
lobe on fire. The Palace fire brigade, under
Superintendent Moorman, were quickly on
the spot, and the alarm having been set to
Kingston and Surbiton, the steamers from
those places arrived shortly afterwards, a
copious supply of water, pumped from thc
Long water, being poured on the burning
oak. The tree is said to be 1,100 years old,
and one of the eight largest oaks in England.
It is .'j,'l feet in circumference, having an
average diameter of 11 feot. The trunk is
hollow for about 10 feet, and several of the
larger branches above that are also in a decayed condition. It was in the hollow of the
oak that the fire burned fiercest, and as the
flames spread from branch to branch the
effect, was singular in the extreme. The
fire was extinguished in a few hours, but
not hefore the fine old tree had been almost
completely destroyed. The cause of the lire
is unknown.
Horseflesh as Food,
Horseflesh for food has increased wonderfully in popularity in France. At Paris,
the first horso butchery was opened .in,Inly
II, lSllli, and in that year 902 horses were
slaughtered. Through seventeen years the
business steadily increased, and the count
shows that :20.'i,.r).'l7 solipeds were consumed
in the city. On Jan. I, 18S9, the horse
butcheries numbered 132,    In other cities
.  ...vM ....���,���u,.���   ,,,-,       ill   in lie,     01
to briug back the Peary party who, it is I of France the output of the horse bntchc
t���r.������.,���-l    l,���.,��U- 1..1-:  al--  1.1.-J I.
supposed, have been sledging an the inla.ll
ice of North Greenland will bring back as
large a collection as possible illustrating the
life and arts of the Smith Sound natives
for exhibition at the World's Fair.
Another American party will leave here
soon in order to transport for tho World's
Fair three villages of different tribes of
Eskimos with all their belongings, and also
a village of Indians inhabiting the mountainous districts iu the interior of Labrador.
Talk From a Horse-
Don't ask mo to back with blinds on. I
am afraid to.
Don't lend me to some blockhead that has
loss sense than I have.
Don't think because I am a horse that
,r,in-weed>and briers don't hurt my hay.
I lon't he careless of my harness as to find
a great sore on me hefore you attend to it.
Don't run me down a steep hill, for if
anything should give way I might break
your neck.
Don't whip me when I get frightened
along the road, or I will expect it next time
and maybe make trouble.
Don t think because I go free under the
whip I don't get tired. You would move
up if under the whip.
Don't put on my blind bridle so that it
irritates my eyes, or so leave my forelock
that it will be in my eyes.
Don't hitch me to an iron post or railing
I need
is enormous. Ilippophagy is also in great
favor at Rotterdam. Horse meat is used
there as human food to an extent that is unknown in Denmark, Sweden and Switzerland, as well as in parts of Italy. It is
extensively w>ed in Milan, while it is scorned iu Turin. In the latter city only fifty-
live horses wore slaughtered in ISSS, and
thc Hash was used exclusively for feeding
the animals of a menagery. A Spanish
writer regrets that Ilippophagy is not
adopted in Spain, where it would benefit
numerous poor laborers, to whom ordinary
meat ia an article of luxury on account of
its high price. In Paris, the price of horse
meat is about half that of beef for corresponding cuts.
away, and the ligl ' and the joy of life
dimmed and dickered out, leaving me in
darkness with hate and revenge.   Then I
Maori Version of the Deluge-
According to the tradition in the Nga-i-
tabu tribe of Maoris, men had become very
numerous, and evil prevailed everywhere.
The tribes quarrelled, and wars were
frequent. The worship of Tane was neglected, and his doctrines were openly denied.
Men, says a writer in Science Sittings,
utterly refused to believe the teachings of
Para-whneuamea and Tupunui-a-uta respecting the separation of heaven and
earth by Tane, and at lengtn cursed these
j two devout men when they continued their
Ben repentance an me forgiveness���no ' nu">' pieces of paper, not sacred things to
easy lesson, when  a  brother'���   Well, be touched with reverence, like bits of the
well, let lie.   Poor Ben I" y rood    But the breath of lavender from
No wonder, then, that I saw visions as I '    a got at I n - nofl corner in tne, making
walked home in the light of the aftermath, '������'.���   ':"''��� ���' "*d tightening my throat,   For
It was nearly dusk when I arrive.i ,-     .. ise .- two I paused, looking at the
cottage; and as I turned for a las; look r vision that  grew out of them, till anger
the burnished hills, a hat came between me puffed md blew il a . away, leaving me with
and the light and fluttered mockingly before      >'       amdh  if papers    This I wrapped
me.   But I kissed my rose and laughed at ap, along wit   a lead rose and a lock of
theflittermouae. -    dr, md    rectedtoMias Hanlow,
I had lived sou,- twenty-live vears in tlie ! Ranston-in-the-Vale, Worcestershire, Eng
world without knowing much more   I  I
than what our va ley and its i   -jhbou ���' ���   �� Nita, my uncle's old
had to show ; so that what 1-<aw on ni' lae-l epi ed in to lay the cloth
journey to my uncle's Canadian fa       i for tea      let la     -.'.������ th    ���
me wonder and marvel, as young peopli   lo ' "    "I1      ���' '      '       No matter; I'll
when they go for the first time beyond the take it mysell
eply wronged my  father in some way,
audiiianame wasrarelymentioned. 1 handed
the Ictterto father, and he was dumb like      ^^^^^^^_^^^^_^^_
myself, hi- ace working strangely between -r0SI? UP and looked round at the difference , ,. ,���, ., ^^g_
auger ami - ^tiling softer. Then he put of things; for all seemed altered, and not ! tc;*chlnB' Ibeu these two teachers were
it down ami said i " Consciencemoney lad the same. I moved to my desk, and unlock- ���ryangry,and got their stone axes and
everypennyoi.it: but it's saved yer from ing a drawer took out all her letters, and j cJlt ,lo,w" tjtara and other trees, which
my folly, sotek it, an thank God tor teach- '%. "��, had altered, and were merely so I ^ d���?8ed topther t0 "'e source of the
in' Ben renentance an  me fnra,*������..._��. ! manv nieces of naner. not sacred thin.* to I Rlv,er lol"nf (baptism).   They hound the
timber together with vines of the pinta and
ropes, and  made a very wide  raft.   Then
they made incantations, and built a house
on the raft, and  put much  food into it-
fern root, kiiinar (sweet potato), and dogs.
N'ext they repeated their incantations, and
prayed that rain  might  descend in such
abundance as would convince men of the
power of Tane, and prove the  truth of his
existence,  and the  necessity  of the ceremonies of worship  for life and for peace,
and to avert evil and death.   Then these
eachers -with Tiu-Rete, a female named
W dpuna-Nau, and another woman���got an
the raft,   Tin, who was the  priest on  the
raft, prayed   that the   rain   might    descend   in   great    torrents,   and    when
It   iiad     BO   rained    for     four   or   five
days and   night!  he  related his incan-
- thai it might cease, and it ceased,
i hi rafl w,  lifted hy the waters and float-
' i lown the river Tohinga,   All men and
hi dren WOl I drowned of those
���'���i.������   di nicd       ���    'i Ith   of  the doclrii.es
��� ",     "i by Tane.   Tho legend I hen gives
.detailed a    ���.. I   I  he wanderings of the
��� i   ugs md advonturos ol ii i
1 >��� ���" they saw goddesses wan-
e face ol llu ocean, These camo
��� i ' .mu,,,lion in tho  ti ,,  Ihal  the
��� I    ��� '.' I, and those on ll might
va   Ij ,i toi'oua, bul  I In
it* o     [tanl   woro nol ovoi whelm-
h . ii id lloated .1," ii foi  ovon
.   i   poke to hia o unpanioii , and
aid, " Wi   li'   nol      ; w   I all land on
oi ,",'h month the rolling
raft had    li'i     ill ;   it now
I   p an i lown nnd rollod,   'I iii then
":  "��� ��� ���    ' ill indie tie, i i nil
the wa was becom up,an Ihsdi  lai
. month in v,ni'!, they would
ry earth,    I'lioj did Und al Haw,
i.,       io pin,   from i ii h tin   M loi I . u
li  ; to thoii tradition, migrated to Now
/ , I, i, i.
mountain* md see what ia there. But there
ia n , need to dwell upon thai ; ind, moreover, it doean t concern the drifl   I i
... telling you.
N'or need I lay mu ih iboul the farm and
fiersonal estate which   had  come  tn  me
,y  my   in le'a  '������   I    I   found   I   il
latten ame I i ighi   thonsai i
chiefly   invoated   in     Northern   Pacific
and   ot.ier   stock ;  and    the  f ,
lar.-e tract   of  prair -������ ind     ������ th   home,
farm-buildings, and overy ippoini i i
t.. ������ ' I, i property,    rhere was a nev   i
way creeping up, which would double its
value lo a fow years time; and it wn for
me to say, aftor I h id  seen   tho  place,
whether fall >uld lei it, or wait, oi  -"'11  il
righl out,   I wroto i ho lawyer, ��� lying that
foi tho proaenl I wo dd taki il in land
tho com waa safely harvcated,
So ono thing leads on to another, and we
prepare our own destiny without knowing
it. Bul I had looked at things in i practi
cal �� iy and according to my light*; and
tha notary commended me; and Doria sonl
a lettor along saying ; "Yea, Jack; but
don't tarry tlio thrashing too," which was
only sweet heart like
The weeks pasted on, and I found plenty
to occupy and Interest me, as was natural,
I let Boss Wilson keep much of hi* authority
���Iiii had boen in charge of tho farm since
the death, and his loquacious company was
not disagreeilile after I bad learned to
know him. One day in tho town noai by
I happened upon a Worcester man��� one
Henshaw���and hi* clannish good fooling
made he place still less lonely. Than evory
���-Goin' awa>. . Bo    Wi i   I
ir later, at 1 lie Bate he
vaa men I i rin
for tho macnini it v      ���     i
hli        " i H
,   ,. , i
i ,;,,',
.   ���
" M . ' ithe
, ...
,..'������      in    . :
id-b) igain
whi., i    i 1 ������
[ glanced down i
"    |0 i i
i " ' iy I,avs
���   '
,y, I've loat so inswen
"h    il   ���'"    hat I'm after, B **,    Nn u io
No, 'tain't,"drawled B
over yo ftei, i       ek so I
gueas, an' you m i       o      ho world up an
l*_.l  :,   ..'     I
The Temple of Baal-
There rises a huge wall 7" feet high, inclosing a square court of which the side is
740 feet long. Part of the wall, having
fallen into ruins, has been rebuilt Irom the
ancient materials, but the whole of the
north side, with its beautiful pilasters, remains perfect. As tho visitors enter the
court they stand still in astonishment at the
extraordinary sight which meets their eyes;
for here, crowded within those four high
walls, iB the native village of Tadmor. It
was natural enough for the arabs to
build their mud huts within these ready-
made fortifications, liut the impression produced hy such a village in such a place is indescribably strange. The temple, so to
speak, is eaten out at the core, and little
but the shell remains. But hero and there
a (luted Corinthian column or group of columns, with entablature still perfect, rises
in stately grace far over the wretched huts,
thc rich, creamy color of the limestone and
the beautiful moldings of the capitals contrasting with thc clear blue of the cloudless
sky. The best view of the whole ia to be
obtained from thc roof of the naos, which,
once beautiful and adorned with sculpture,
is now all battered aud defaced and has
been metamorphosed into a squalid little
mosque, To describe the view from that
roof were indeed a hopeless taak. High into the clear blue air and the golden sunshine rise thc stately columns; crowded and
i jumbled together below, untouched by the
gladdening sunbeams, unfreshened by the
pure, free air, lies all the squalor and
wretchedness of an Aral) mud-hut village.
The Eagle as a Symbol
The history of the eagle as the symbol of
the Bonlan Empire, and of other powers
claimingsucceasionto the same, is here fully
Run up bill with a [stated. In Europe there are still the eagles
of Austria, Russia and Germany, licsidca
others pertainingtominor principalities. An
able writer remarks that" owing to the restoration of the Western empire during the
rule of the Byzantine Cicsars, the world ha*
never since (tho time of Augustus) been
without one or two Emperors of
the Romans. Tho present Austrian
Emperor, though holding scarcely
a province of Adrian's, is the direct
successor of Charlemagne, who was crowned
in Rome Emperor of the Romans, the sixty-
ninth from Augustus.1' The Czar of Russia
when the mercury is below freezing,
the skin on my tongue.
Don't keep my stable very dark, for when
I go out into the light my eye? are injured,
especially if snow be on the ground.
Don't leave me hitched in my stall at
night with a big cob right where I must lie
down. I am tired and can't select a smooth
Don't forget to file my teeth when they get
jagged and I cannot chew my food. When
I get lean, it is a sign my teeth want filing.
Don't make me drink ice-cold water, nor
put a frosty bit in my mouth. Warm the
bit by holding a half minute against my
body. ���
Don't compel me to eat more salt than
I want by mixing with my oats. I know
better thau any other animal how much I
Don't say whoa unless you mean it. Teach
me to stop at the word. It may check me
if the lines break, and save a runaway and
Don't trot me up hill, for I have to carry
you and thc buggy and myself, too.   Try it
yourself some time,
big load.
Aliva After Execution-
That weird story that comes from Texas of
the negro who was hanged upon the scaffold
until justice was satisfied that he was legally dead, and who afterwards came to life
and is now able to polish off a 'possum in
first-class style, reminds me that there are
several cases on record of criminals surviving judicial execution. More than six centuries ago Juetta  de Belsham hanged for
three days, was cut down and pardoned, tho j '^ l)ie aonbleheaded eagle, which wasas-
superstlllous people be loving that God had ������������,,- , tho 0���ln(1 Dllke8Ivan BasiloviW,
decreed otherwise, Obadiah Walker a wll0 iu 1472 ��Na.rrled Sophia daughter of
former master o New College, Oxford Eng-; nmM paleologlls ftnd '���j(M,e of fh ,Mt
land, tells of a Swiss who was hanged tlnr-1 Km . of Byza1llium Constantino XIV.
tecntin.es, every attempt being frustrated Th(, (;ermall Kniperor reigns over somo
by a peculiarity of the windpipe which pre-! Romiul pmiM<si and beftr8ft single-headed
vented strangu anon. Ann Green, who 8ftg*e wfa, the ���rown o( Charlemagne, The
was banged ,n Oxford in 650, survived the \ Bingle-lieaded eagle, assumed with the im-
was pardoned by the crown and wiib 	
soon after married. In I SOS one ,jol
flrecii was hanged iu London and recovered
on tho dissenting table of Surgeon Blizard.
A titling close for ids "note" is the story
of " Half-Hanged ,\, iggie." She was hanged in Edinburgh In 1710, came to life while
being takon to potter's Held and lived for
years afterwards,
down an' nnd It in you   elf when all'   i mi
II,         , (affoi ; in n i"ii
it .i ,|| i,mnl out, oome back again and mol<
friond* vi thing
I could see hi i ot I itroti lied hand, and
mine ��������� enl to ll in oltintarily,
" ��� '.i,'i gaffor," wai all I hoard 11 tho
hoi ipe i w iy with me down the rough
trai -
" So I ,ng, ' i said to the hoi illonco and
the woitorn solitude, where I had droaiiu il
Growth of llair After Death
The growl Ii of the hair and heap
death havo been too often proven lobe
doubled, but lhe most remarkable case oil
record ia probably that of a man named
I (ask oil, who in the year ISlIM, died in
Northliold, Minn. During Ida liio he had
worn only a heavy black mustache, hula
I. w yoar* ago, when his friends removed his
body to another cemetery, tho eollin broko
upon and the face a'nl head were found to
bo covorod with a growth of bushy black
hnn over two foot Til longtll, Such eases
a tins seem to oiicourago tbe idea tha t the
air hoa n lib- of its own apart from the
''���": penal til le bv the first Napoleon Bonaparte,
"" i sots forth the union of the whole Roman
Empire as the traditional aim of his family.
All this strikingly harmonize* with the admitted fact of the continuance to the present time, though in a divided state, to the
Roman Empire, and suggests thoughts as to
what may be the ultimate meaning of tha
words, " Wheresoever the body is thither
will thc eagles be gathered together,"
A   b'lll IO'  pin, Initial   foil ,")00   feel   from
a balloon at Berlin on I uoaday and was in-
' mllv killed.
Above llu- length nf ninotoon or twenty
I,'el, Btiakes  in the   I'llillipino   Islands in-
 reatly in bulk for   every  fool in
length, so thai ,. snake nineteen feet long
,ii,i m ill beaide one twenty-two feel long.
It is safe to say that not one person in a
thousand is able to give the origin of tho
terms ten-penny, slt-ponny, two-penny,
tec, as applied to nails. For many years
these useful commodities were made a specified number of pounds to the thousand, and
this atandard is slid recognized in England
and other countries. For instance, in tho
first-named locality, a ten-penny nail is
understood to he one of a kind of which it
would require 1,000 to make ten potin Is,
and a six-penny nail one of a lot ofwhioll
an equal number would compl ise six pounds.
" Penny" ia really a survival of the Eng.
i,   m n   iii.ai,..   . I,,,, ,i ���     ..     illsh "pun,"a corruption of "pound," aa
Dr. Mali, of llerlin,  adopted  recently  a, ',,      ,     ,  ,   ' ,, ,   ' , ,
navel method of teating the gonulnonoss of "'Wmi?Ia h Ffl0lmell>,th,e F0""*1
certain spirit manifeatations given by Dr. \ ft* "���'*' low" 11,�� U^.^!lyLMn>\
Pmkert, a note medium. Dr, Mall p.ovided I ihew*f hf,lm,ls' l,U8: 2i' "��� U,1' T
biinsell with a syi.nge of liquid caustic, and iS""n' ,'".t "-"8 '" "me ��*w *���? '" tll,!
when the spirits appeared he gave the
shadowy forms a shower that sent them
howling. Aa a result of the exposure Dr.
Pinkcit has been airested.
[���(���nee mark (ifl, as at the present time.
Handcuffs might appropriately be called
sal-irons.���[Lowell Courier, YOUNG FOLKS.
fifteen To-Day,
for the last timo, dear dollv, f dress you,
And carefully put you away;
ion cannot tell bow much I miss you.
But then I am fifteen to-day.
And you. not so very much younger-
Have you nothing at. parting to say I
Aro you sorry our fun is all over,
And that 1 am liftocn to-day!
What walks we have had through the clover I
What rldeson tho I on of the hay;
Whal feasting in grandmother's garret I
And now 1 must put you away.
Cousin Ethol just burled her dolly,
With ils eyes open wide, and as blue
Ah yours, my sweel dolly, this minute;
I couldn't do that, dear, to you.
Oh. stop dolly!   what am i thinking!
Why cannot I give you away I
There's a poor little girl 1 love dearly,
And she's only ten years today,
How happy your bright face would make her!
She never had playthings like you,
With all your line dresses and trinkets.
Yes, dtIly, that's just what I'll do.
I do believe, dolly, I'm crying.
" What, nonsense, child!" grandma would
Good-by ; one last kiss; I'm half sorry
That! ant llfteen. dear, to-day.
Mart A, Denison,
How School Slates Are Made.
Slate is a variety of rock, having a small
compact grain and a very fine, continuou'
cleavage or splitting structure, hy which it
can be separated into thin, even plateB of
great consistency. Il was originally just ao
much soft mud on the floor of an ancient
sea, but in the course of ages it became consolidated and then metamorphosed or gradually altered in character by the continued
operation of various natural forces until its
present condition wasattained. Theohief employment of slate in commerce is that of a
roofing material, for which purpose it i.s
better adapted than any other substance
that has yet been tried.
School slates are prepared in a very sini
A Lord and His Hnrdy-Gurdy.
A nation possessing a nobility and aristocracy is bound to have incidents of personal crraticism which in countries where all
people are born equal would excite little
more than passing notice after serving as
seven-day wonders. In England il seems
to be next to impossible to have the public
cease talking about Lord So-and-so's indiscretions, or Lady Somebody's errors. As
death love* a shining mark, so does the
public dote on a bit of gossip affecting a
person of high degree. The lordling who annexes a consort from the ballet stage become* as well known as a prime minister,
and living down the notoriety of such a
match, or the divorce-court proceedings
which usually follow, is impossible.
The " performance" of a scion of a noble
house which never will be forgotten in England, ia that of Viscount Hinton, who some
two years ago set out on a campaign as unique as it was mortifying to hia family. Not
possessing the talent or the means to acquire "fame" through the ordinary mediums, he gave expression to such musical instinct as he possessed, not by becoming an
operatic tenor, or a player in tbe orches-
tra,noreven a performer on the yellow clarionet in a Herman hand, but supplied
himself with the vulgar hand-organ of commerce and embarked on the career of a
strolling street-musician.
The shock to the pride and feelings of
the peer of the realm, Earl Poulett, his
father, must have been very great ; but the
noble earl kept his grief to himself, and the
public is left to conjecture his chagrin or
attitude ou the subject, beyond the indefinite understanding that the viscount has
been disowned. True, the will and say-so
of the old earl cannot overturn England's
law of primogeniture, and the musical-inclined son remains as much the heir a* the
day he was born, and nothing cau rob the
young man of his right, if he survives, at
some time to wear the coronet of the earldom and take his seat in the House of
Viscount Hinton'a queer freak was at
first believed to be but a drastic measure
for forcing the carl to terms in some mat
pie manner from picked specimens of the tor, but aa he persists in his fantastic course
common roofing variety, those of thc Welsh
quarries, however, being generally preferred to any other. Thc plates which are to
he made into writing slates must have a
homogeneous or finely grained and equal
texture, and be without any yellow pyrites
or " slate diamonds," as these familiar glittering crystals are often termed. After they
have been separated from i'e other sorts
they are carried to workmen, who fashion
them into school slates, by first splitting
them up evenly if required, and then finely
polishing them over with specially adapted
steel tools. They are next sent to the joiners to he fitted with wooden frames, after
which -.hey arc quite ready for the educational markets at home or abroad.
Physical and Moral Health of Children.
There is no more important question in
the social economy than than oneof properly developing the minds and bodies of the
children. A healthy being is the best heritage that a father or mother can leave to a
child. Health is a comprehensive term and
includes the moral as well as the physical
nature. The child whose body is in a good
condition, but whose moral* are in a poor
condition, is not a healthy child as I mean
the term healthy. Better poor health and
great morality than great health and poor
morality. But why cannot the equilibrium
be preserved'! The mother by observing
certain conditions, by placing herself within
as well as without certain influences, by
cultivating certain phases of her moral nature, can largely foreshape the character of
the offspring. But parents���thc mother* a*
well as the fathers���are lamentably deficient on this point, They do not bestow upon
the subject the thought that it deserve*. If
they would give to their children the care
that by every natural law they are required
to give to them, there is no doubt that the
children would be better and society would
be neuelited by the careful oversight. That
there are many parent* that do not properly care for their offspring is quite as true as
that there are some parents that do give
them all the attention they need. A child
should not only be well fed and properly
boused and clothed, but its moral life demands just as proper cultivation as a tree
or a flower, if there is a desire that either
the tree or the flower shall reach its full
stature in the one caae and it* complete
efflorescence in the other. And what is the
child in its relation to society if its
moral nature is not careful and systematically developed ? The evolution of the mind is
as important as the evolution of matter, In
many ways it i* moro important. The
moral nature affects others. The physical
nature chiefly affect* the individual.
It Touched Saint and Sinner,
A few years ago a little girl applied to a
pastor in one of our large cities for admission
into his Sunday-school. She was told that
the classes were so full tlierc was no room
for her, and that the church was so small
that no more classes could be organized.
Much disappointed, the little girl began to
save pennies���her family was poor���for the
purpose of enlarging the church in order
that she and other children like her might
be accommodated. She told no one of her
ambitious purpose, however, so that when
the pastor of this church wa* called to her
bedside a few months later, to comfort her
in her severe illness, he saw nothing unusual, only a frail child of 61 years,
The little sufferer died, and a week later
there were found in her battered red
pocket-book, which bad been her saving*
bank, 57 pennies and a scrap of paper thai
told in childish print the story of her
ambition and the purpose of her self-denial,
The story of tlie little rodpooketbook and
its contents, and the unfaltering faith of it*
litlle owner, got abroad, it touched the
heart of saint and sinner alike, Her inspiration became a prophecy, and men labored
and women sung and children saved to aid
in its fulfillment, These ,*>7 pennies became
the nucleus of a fund that in six years grew
to?250,000, and to-day this heroine's picture life-sue, hang- OonsploUOUsly in the
hallway of a college building in which 1,11111
students attend, aud connected with which
thoro aro a church capable of seating 8,000,
a hospital for children named lor the Good
Samaritan, and a Sunday-school-room largo
enough to accommodate all lhc buys and
girls who have yet asked lo enter it. A
fairy story '; it reads like one, hul happily
if is noi one. Tiie Iii lie gnTa name was
llaltic May vViatt, and lhe splendid institutions descibed are ''ited III Philadelphia.
and the old gentleman preserves outward
imperturbability, organ-grinding may now
be regarded as his more or less permanent
Wherever the proud earl roes, whether
to Hinton St. (ieorge at Crewkerne, or to
his more favourite seat at Bishop's Walt-
hain ill Hampshire, or to his town club in
Pall Mall, he is never beyond the possible
reach of the���to him exasperating���strains
of the family hand-organ. Let there he a
house-party or a gathering of country people, Viscount Hinton is more than likely to
turn up in the neighborhood with the latest
thing in machine-made melody.
I saw the young man a few months ago
at Sotithsea, thc residential quarter of
Portsmouth, where he was playing his calling to reap the harvest of coins from the
hotels and villas thronged witli the fashionable world drawn to the Solent to witness
a grand naval pageant in which royalties
were playing a prominent part. In front
of a hotel, just as the dinner hour was over
and daylight was giving way to darkness,
"his lordship" trundled his piano-organ inside thc gates and started grinding out the
repertoire of the instrument. The waiters
said it was Lord Hinton, and the statement was substantiated by a neatly-framed
placard appended to the organ which read :
Son of the Earl of Poulett and heir
to the Title and Dignities.
(Vide Burke and Dobrett.)
hrotigh no fault of my own I am
educed to earning a livelihood
in this manner.
The music was rather better than that of
the average street organ. Technique and
execution being governed mechanically,
there was, of course, small chance for a display of ability, but he managed to impart
taste and sentiment in the modulations of
the movement of the crank. He was dressed with obvious propriety for the occupation. The coat of velvet���not velveteen-
betokened the artist, and was accentuated
by a cravat knotted in the mode affected by
the flaneur of musical Paris. The current
melodies of the music hall, with a sprinkling
of Offenbach, and one or two airs that always striate the patriotic chord in British
hearts, having been duly filtered through
the machine, the viscount, with a grace
worthy of a court ball, turned the crank
over to the young woman who wa* sharing
his fortunes as viscountess. While she
ground out " Here comes the bogie man,'
or some such tune, Viscount Hinton, with
much elegance of demeanor and unrullled
cheerfulness, ran lightly up the steps to the
hotel entrance to look after the business
feature of his enterprise. Each person present was given the opportunity to drop any
Btray coin he or she might possess into the
artistic little metal cup politely extended
by his lordship. The "I thank you kindly"
was uttered with unvarying precision as
each dole was contributed to the exchequer
of thia noble representative of the higher
cult of musical mondioanoy,
The result must have been satisfying,
for the takings easily amounted to nearly
two pounds. Xo one felt the poorer for
giving liberally to one who, whatever his
tailings, certainly had the courage of his
convictions. It was a good-natured and
considerate audience, preserving an altitude
of kindly amusement, and with no thought
of jeering or chaffing, There were present,
perhaps, men born to the same rank to
whom fortune and circumstances had been
more propitious than lo this confrere whose
nam.' was never seen iu the society column
of the Morning lost or in the lists of
grandees attending a court function.
Lord Hinton plies his calling in no perfunctory way, bnt with dignity and directness. Even if inspired at the outset by
malicious motives, he has persevered in his
career long enough to win a certain admiration for his "pluck."
II" goes wherever he can find a holiday or
gala gathering, and at times plays ou the
steamers crossing the channel. Museum
and side show "engagements" havo been
offered him by the score, but ho chooses to
maintain the integrity of the pursuit ho
has adopted by declining with thanks all
such proposals.
lie finds there is money in hi* business,
and who can Bay he docs not cam it'-
In Englishwoman'*   i.iiiik  .liiiiriioy   In
Search of Disease nml fume.
Miss Kate Marsdcn is to visit Canada
and the United States. Perhaps Miss
Marsden may not be well known to you
Well, she has just returned from Siberia,
from away up t lie Lena Biver. She is now
in St. Petersburg, and has told her story
ot her long journey of thousands of miles
through Siberia, where she his been bunting for lepers. She says she has found a
few settlements of these outcasts, and now
she intends to lecture for the purpose of securing funds to provide medical care for the
uufortunates and to enable her to go and
place them iu colonies, and so to win glory
as did Father Dambn in Molakai, in the
Sandwich Islands.
From the story she tells, she has apparently been to Viliusk, a place about 200
milesnorth ofYakootsk, on the Lena River.
There, she says, she found lepers banished
to the forests, where they were kept away
from the rest of the people, but fed by the
latter on fish and treehark. Thirty guides,
she says, were obliged to cut out a path
through the under-growth of the forests in
order that she could reach the leper villages.
She found the stricken people ill-clad, living in indescribable degradation, and many
of them so loathsome in appearance as to
have lost all semblance to humanity.
Miss Marsdcn further says that there has
been found in Vakootsk a plant that is a
sure cure for leprosy, but that she has not
been able to test it as yet. So far as can be
gathered from Miss Marsden's latest reports, the enthusiastic woman has made a
long journey, about which she will doubtless be able to write an interesting book,
but as to any fresh knowledge about the
lepers she does not apppear to have added
much to what she started out with. A year
ago, before she started for the Lena regions,
she met near Samara the Bishop Dionysius
of the Ufa, who bad laboured at Vakootsk
for a period of over forty years, and he had
seen the plant and had known of cures of
leprosy accomplished by il agency.
The lepers so he informed Miss Marsdcn,
live in a settlement apart, of the banks of
the Vilui Biver. Here a number of huts
have been erected for their accommodation
nnd here they live in an indescribable condition of filth and immorality. In spite,
however, of such unfavorable conditions by
the use of the plant cures are said to be
effected. The plant is found growing wild
on the banks of a small river called the
Ugur. The discovery of its curative virtues
was due to a curious accident. It appears
that at this place a leper had been living
with his family. His state at length became such that they could no longer suffer
him to dwell in the house, and he was accordingly turned out into the fields. Hi*
relative* each day brought hi.n a certain
quantity of food, but, as may readily be
imagined his length rapidly declined, till at
length he could no longer walk, and was
forced all day to lie prostrate on the ground.
After a few days he wa* surprised to observe that hi* sores commenced to heal,
and it was finally discovered that this
was owing to the contact with a certain
plant which grew there in abundanue.
Further experiments were made, and it was
found that the application of this plant to
the leprous sorea caused thein to heal. Unfortunately there is no proper medical aid
in the district, so that until now no scientific observation of its effect* has yet been
made. Bishop Dionysius informed Miss
Marsden that a young doctor had gone to
live among the lepers, with a view of investigating scientifically the action of the
plant, but he unfortunately took ill and died
before he had time to make any communi
cation on the subject. One peculiar discovery he made during his stay, and that was
the discovery of the leper bacillus in a fish
common in the district, lie attributed to
the eating of this fish the prevalence of
leprosy in and around Yakutsk
.Mr. B. Sawden, of Toronto, is contributing to the "Dominion Illustrated" a seriesof
articles on "Civlo Government in Canada,"
Mr. Sawden is a clever writer and thia subject in his hands will be efficiently treated,
The Archdukes of the reigning house of
Austria became of age on the twentieth
anniversary of their birth. The attainment
of his majority by Archduke Joseph Ferdinand Salvator, son of the Grand Duke of
Tuscany, a few days ago, was celebrated
with considerable pomp at Vienna. The
young man is a pupil of the .Military Academy in the Austrian Capital.
General Obruteheff, recently placed in
command of the Russian armies, is too
stout to sit in a saddle and even walks with
difficulty, His wife is a Frenchwoman,
and he is oue of the most enthusiastic advocates of a Franco-Russian alliance, This
being so, he is an ardent Pan-Slavist and a
bitter foe of everything German. General
Obruteheff is 8011100") years of age.
Gladstone buys so many book* that he
invariably demand* a discount of 10 per
cent, from ids booksellers. The story is
told that when a denier in the Strand re-
refused to givo the discount to tho G.O.M.
because he was not a bookseller, the ex-
Premier replied : "I buy books and I sell
them when they have served my purpose;
I ought to havo the discount," But the
bookseller refused to give it.
Otto, the insane King of Bavaria, is reported to have become much worse as the
result of hi* incessant smoking of cigarettes, of which ho consumed six packages a
day. He i.s at times so violent that it is
necessary for his attendant* to strap him to
his bed. He has daily periods of unconsciousness, and has recently been too ill to
leave the apartment in which ho is con
General Lord Wolselcy at Sebastopol
lost an eye and received a severe wound,
the trace of which is clearly visible on his
cheek to-day. He was then a young engineer officer and stood in the advance line
of intrenclimcnts sketching a plan of the
works when a round shot struck near him,
shattered a gabion full of stones, killed two
men, and threw Lord \Volscley to the
The details of the shooting of two men by a
Berlin sentry, imperfectly reported by cable
certainly put a new light upon the act
of the Emperor in publicly commending tlie
soldier, and it is only fair that they should
be published as widely and as fully as the
original story. It appears that thc sentry,
Private Luck, was on duty in an unfrequented street at 11:110 p. m., when he was
hustled hy three men who deliberately
blocked his way and insulted him. He
warned them several times, and finally
threatened to arrest them, when one of
them drew and brandished a knife. Tbe
sentry seized Iiini, but the man broke from
him and fled. Luck pursued him, crying
"Halt!" to the end of his beat, and then,
according to regulations, fired, killing his
chief assailant and wounding 0110 of the
other*. The dead man, who drew the
knife, turned out to be one Brandt, who
had been convicted of participation in the
February riot*, and was "wanted" by the
police for a murderous assault which he had
committed only a few days hefore his attack on the sentry. Luck's promotion was
not an impulsive act by the Emperor, but
the result ot a long and careful examination
by the military authorities, five weeks
after the shooting. Why there need have
been so much delay in finding all thi* out
no one seem* to know.
Miss Marsden made her journey under
the most advantageous auspicies. She was
provided with an autograph letter from the
Czarina, with whom she had been in constant communication. She made thc journey from Moscow a* far as Omsk in company with a young English woman named
Mia* Field. At Omsk the Governor sent
un aide-de-camp to accompany her as far as
Tomsk, and as he spoke English fluently
Miss Field returned to St. Petersburg. In
one of her letter* from the north, Miss
Marsden wrote:
"lit. Alexeeff and myself are now by
the banks ot the Lena waiting till our cargo
boat start*. We have found out that we
must ride on horseback from Yakutsk to
Viluisk, a thousand versts, then ride about
finding the lepers, whicli may mean another
2,000, then 1,000 versts back aga'n to
Yukutsk. I have to rine all theso thousand* of versts, as thero are no roads, only
marshes and forests, and I rather dread it,
I must confess. To begin with, I have been
obliged to have trousers made and very
high boots over tho knees, as 1 must ride
liko a man ; they say it is too unsafe to
ride the oilier way, as wc have cons liij
to get off the horses and wado through
either the wator or forests, so I shall be a
little tired when 1 get back to England, but
I would go through fire and wator to holp
my poor lepers."
Miss Marsden's most remarkable feat is
doubtless her long journey in Slimmer and
Winter. Her Iatk about lepers will, pre
suniaiily, be interesting, and her idea of
caring for lht poor creatines i.s a humanitarian one. But there is no cure for leprosy
011 the Lena. Russian and Polish dootois
have studied the disease thoroughly. It
was taken there in its primitive forma
hundred years ago by exiles. The disease,
an infectious one, has, iu many cases, died
out in tho villages where it wa* originally
Awful glories Told hy Men-hen of the
Rescuing Parties in Ull city.
A thrilling story ia told hy Harry Mc-
Veagh, a member of a rescuing party which
saved a number of lives. The party found
eleven persons clinging to the foot bridge
crossing at the head of Seneca street,
" Their condition was horrible," I wish
that I could close my eyes and shut out the
sight. Their clothing was burned off of
their bodies, their hair waa singed, and
their eyes, even, in some cases, were burned
out. Yet, some of them, I believe, will
live. They clung piteously to ua as we
took them from the bridge into our boat,
and tho cries they sent up were the moat
pitiful that ever reached my ear*. There
were seven mer. and four women. The appearance of thc latter wa* particularly distracting. We havo cared for them the best
we can, but God pity them,"
William L. Stewart of Siverlyville ljat
his life while saving others. Hi* body waa
fearfully burned,
John S. Klein, superintendent of the
shops of the National Transit Company,
gave timely warning of the disaster, thereby
saving many lives. He was near the tunnel
on the Lake Shore road, when tho pungent
odor of benzine horno on the breeze attracted his attention. Knowing that some accident, must have happened upstream, or that
a volume of oil was floating down the crock,
le recognized at once the fearful result that
would ensue if it should catch fire.
Running a* fast as he could from house
to house ho shouted : " Put out your fires
and 11111 for your lives." Many heeded him
and lliil to the hills. He had not gone far
before a Hash a* if from some huge thunderbolt illuminated the valley, and in an
Instant a wall of llama arose from the creek,
enveloping everything within the compass
of the rushing water in its awful grasp.
.lust beforo the firo a litlle boy was found
clinging to a plank in the creek. He was
rescued, but died in a few minutes after being taken out ol tho Water. While the boy
was being taken out the rescueis saw a dead
baby Ileal down the river with the drift just
niter the explosion.
Thomas Mediums rescued a little hoy .'I
years old who had fallen iu the mud,   The
Succi, thc faster, is insane, and now in an
asylum near Pari*.
The revenue collected from last year's
ascents to the top of the Eiffel Tower
amounted to $115,000.
In the centre of the Russian petroleum
district the water used for the boilers costs
more than the fuel,
The business of preparing banana meal is
about to be started on the Isthmus of Panama.
Philadelphia is said to be the greatest
carpet manufacturing city in the world.
The oil fuel used in a copper-smelting
works at Kedabegin theCauoususis pump-
en to an elevation of 328 feet through fifteen
miles of four-inch steel pipe.
The Town of Cassel is going to speud
7,'I0,0U0 marks, to whicli the Government
will add 280,000 marks, in making the
River Fulda navigable and erecting warehouses, ko., near the harbor.
The Spanish Government has taken possession of the largest shipbuilding works in
that country, and is offering inducements
for English shipwrights to superintend the
The harbour works in Lisbon arc about to
be abandoned, a* far as improvements are
concerned, aa the contractor finds himself
unable to carry on the work.
They have shot a leopard in Bengal
credited with destroying 134 persons,
1N91 saw the first increase in the export
of Chinese tea tiiat has occurred in ten
The best road, according to Parsian experts, for hardness and unwearable service
is made of volcanic scoria.
Heir Sonnenscliien, the Chief .Judge in
German East Africa, ha3 sentenced seventeen Arabs to be hanged for holding a slave
market within his territory.
Last year b',.'J4li pipes of wine were exported from Madeira, aa against 5,592 pipes
during 1890. The 1SII1 vintage is reported
to be excellent.
.A. miniature copper lea kettle has been
hammered out of a copper cent by Robert
Ducker, foreman of a copper shop at the
Bath (.Me.) Iron Works. The kettle is perfect in every detail, and water can be boiled in it. The words "one cent" can be
seen on the bottom. Duoker was eight hours
doing the work.
There has been a tremendous increase of
drunkenness In France since the destruction of the vines by the philoxera. Bad wine
is thought to be largely to blame.
]'h* novelty of the production of an opera
by a wunian composer occurred at the Grand
Theatre, Bordeaux, a short time ago. Tho
opera is hy Mine, de Grandval. It is named
" Mazeppa," and is in four acts and six
tableaux. The local critics speak in high
praise of the music.
A young man in Newcastle, Pel., having
inherited SS,000or $10,000, astonished hi*
neighbors by spending$2,100 in three week*
and starting olfwith another $1,000 in hi*
pocket. He bought among other things two
bicycles at $150 each, a diamond ring for
$215, eight suit* of clothe*, and several
1,000-mile tickets on various railway lines,
Iu addition lo all this he hired a box for
the summer at an opera house in Philadelphia,
The Columbus celebration at the Spanish
port of Palos, from which the navigator
sailed, will begin on .Aug. 2 and continue to
Oct. l.'i. The announcement of the opening
of the festivities will be made by heralds
going about the streets with trumpets and
cymbal*. The whole celebration will be
very picturesque, and as romantic as the
Spanish mind.
Because the Canet system fci naval guns
and carriages represented the most advanced type best adapted to modern warfare is
given as the reason why it is adopted for use
on board the ('reek ironclad* in preference
to other well-known types of foreign ordnance.
In one of the Comstock mines a new water
wheel is to be placed which is to run 1,150
revolutions a minute, and have a speed at
it* periphery of 10,805 feet per minute. A
greater head of water than has ever before
been applied to a wheel will be used.
The French appropriations for 1893 will
be 045,000,000 franc* for the army and 2S0,-
000,000 francs for the navy. Ninety-eight
new vessels are in course of construction, of
which eight ironclads are to be finished next
year, Twenty-one new cruisers will be
launched oy 1890. Sixty-two torpedo boats
are to be built, and the Bank of France ha*
1,447,000,000 francs in gold in it* vault* ;
more than any other European nation,
Aboul 22,000 people of the Kallir race are
settled in one of the divisions of Cape Colony,
in southern Africa. They have a finely cultivated tract of country there, and have
made remarkable progress in civilization
within a few years. They are of a peculiarly peaceable, law-abiding character, and
have little use for the few policemen whom
they keep. Mr, GrtSBWell, an African geographer, who knows them well, holds that
I hey are a higher type than the Malays, or
the Maories, or the red Indians, and believes
that they will become very influential in
sou11 em ami central Africa.
planted, in the course of generations. But child said his name was Johnny Green
occasionally children are born with the
hideous hereditary disease ou them, which
develops to what is styled leprosy, but is
quite incurable. The poor creatures scum
to bear upon themselves the collective inherited punishment oi past gonoratioilB,
An Inherited Attitude,
Presidents without po'icy would
tatoes without salt.
be po
A peculiar Insurance company ha* got
into operation in Denmark. Young girls
may enroll themselves, and by paying a
small Mini periodically become entitled to a
regular weekly allowance from the company if they remain unmarried at and aftor
the age of 40. The fact that marriage
forfeits all claims i.s otpootod to assure the
siu-i'css of the scheme, not to speak of the
tardiness with which many of the members
will announce their arrival at the ago of 40.
Father���" YoiirsollOol report Is generally good, but you are marked very low in
deportment.    Why i.s that?"
Boy " 1 always forget and stand on one
foot and rest lho oilier on a railing or something when 1 reollo and teaohor marks mo
for that. 1 told her I couldn't holp It and
she says maybe 1 inherited it."
" Inherited It?"
" Ycssir. Sho laid that's the way men
stand when they are talking over a har."
In the Matanzas district of Cuba crop*
have been destroyed and about (.'ill cattle
drowned by Hoods. The furniture of ,'125
dwellings was carried away or ruined.
The German cyclists held a grand meet
near Friedrichsriih in honor of Prince Bismarck, the latter delivering the following
address i "Gentlemen, your visit gives me
extreme pleasure, 1 take it as a great honor
that you have come from such distant parts
. of < lermany to greet me. 1 am also rejoiced
1 to see, from the telegrams 1 have received
from Thiiringia, Silesia, and elsewhere, that
your comrades there unite with you in your
greeting. I am pleased to note lit) prosperity
of yourjassoclatiou. Your sport involves an
exercise by which health is promoted, and
some substitute provided for the ball and
wrestling game- so popular in England.
They have not yet taken root among us,
whereas iu England even the ladies delight
in suoh pastimes. Muicular exercises, suoh
as ball games involvo, have not gained real
acceptance among us, Almost the only
sport which promotei the lotion of the lower
muscles is that which you carry on, and you
deserve nil praiae for procuring your co.ni-
trvmen this blessing."
Hofbauer (on his deathbed)- " At last
the time has come for me to be revenge! on
that Lindenbaiier. So then, wile, you hear,
the wretch is not to be invited to my t iner
al,"���[Unsere ileaellachafi. (Lbe iiOotcncuj Stat
ti. MeOiitoheon,       U W. Nortliey,
Proprietor. Editor.
SATURDAY, JULY 2, 18112.
The Editor cannot be responsible for the
opinions expressed by correspondents,
Sin,���Will yon permit me to call
tlio attention of mining men to some
of tho inaoonraoies perpetrated by
tbo Geological Survey Department,
and of one member in particular?
Tbo following paragraph gives bis
torsion :���
" In his summary of the proceedings and work of the Goologioal Survey of Canada during last year, Dr.
Selwyn has something to say of the
injury and loss too frequently created
in Ihis country by the mining quack.
Unfortunately, the opinions of theso
Self-styled "experts" and "practical
minors" are too readily accepted aud
noted upon, often in preforonco to a
member of tbo Survoy wbo is
thoroughly acquainted with tho geological structure of tho district in
whioh the information is desired.
Those ' expert' and ' practical' opinions, says Dr. Selwyn, rarely provo
oorreot, and their first cost, often
considerable, is by no means tho
greatest. Not a year passes unmarked by such cases, and the past
season is no exception."
The Dr. Solwyn here quoted has
done considerable harm to this camp
by his false and ignorant reports as
to our geological formation, Two
years ago be informed the prospectors at Gold Hill that they were
working in a sedimentary formation,
end that the minerals bad been deposited there by accident. But he
Baid their ohanoes were just as good
there as at the"Lanark"���neither of
them was worth a cent 1 How far
this wise dootor was from the truth
recent events have shown. To-day
the "Lanark" oannot be bought for
a million dollars, having as good a
showing as any mine in B.C., while
the copper lodes at Gold Hill are
getting richer and more promising
as they are being developed, I have
a claim there with a solid vein of
peacok ore a foot thick in places,
which assays 60 per cent, copper,
$20 gold and 8%oz. silver to the ton.
Moreover, the formation of Gold
Hill and Illecillewaet it eruptive,
Sot sedimentary.
Again, the Geologioal Survey (Dr.
Selwyn of tbe party, I believe) pronounced tbo fiat tbat there wus no
Coal in the Crow's Nest Pass!
Whereas, now that somebody with
brains and intelligeuce enough to
understand the formation has boen
prospecting there, it has been discovered that tho pass is literally
undermined with ooal I So much lor
Dr. Selwyn's geological knowledge.
But for the fact that I have taken
ftp too much of your space already I
WonJd give a few illustrations of bow
We pay men to humbug us. Wo
don't mind their roceiving Government pay as long ae they do no
harm, but when tbeir false reports
mean rnin to n distriot it is time to
expose tbe ignorance of such officials
Ss this Dr, Selwyn.���Yours trnlv,
Illecillewaet, June i'Jtb.
The Truth of the Bible.
Sib,���In attempting to answer
"Wanderer's" letter on tbe above
Subject I feel somewhat embarrassed,
4s tbe writer has raised some of the
most profound and important questions which a finite mind can contemplate. Hut us "Wanderer" has
written in an honest and reasonable
spirit I feel it imperative to reply.
Propositions or assertions may differ
ami not contradict ; may even be
contrary to each other and still be
true���such as the proposition- referred to in Genesis concerning the
family of Adam and Cain. To explain tbis intelligibly would oocnpy
too much valuable space, -Hut to
argue, as "Wanderer" does, that
they contradict is fatal to the discovery of all truth, and if persisted
in would land all science and pbilo-
sophj in hopeless chaos. Further
in the realm of metapbyalos what is
valid for one may not be valid for
another, fi r truth has two sides
ti,,, f,,rm which it takes in the mind
and tin; form which il  has in reality.
Now truth or Ideals in the mind can
he calloil Into ciii.sci'oi -Hess only as
they come Iuto contact with their
corresponding objects The truth of
this assertion is easily proved, for let
anyone try to evolve a new thoughl
Or'conci-ivn a new idea tbe like of
wbieh in no point was in the mind
before, and bo will find it to be
Utterly impossible,   The being who
fan conceive a  Ul W (bought or idea
���v*itlii-tit a new object can ornate a
world.   "Wanderer" admits that the
central idea i f tho Bible in the in
carnation, and   thai   tbis  idea tho
world* philosophy never dream! of,
Tbis w'as  a  now idea.     Rill  wbal
oalled it into consciousness? Nothing
but its object   God manifest in the
flesh I  Here, then, is Ibo leading and
grandest idea of the Bible, and the
greatest ever called into finite con
Bcioiisness, proved by Us own in- j
efTable  light.    The only  possible
basis of a iniracli! in Nature is the
uuiiovm operation of Nnlnro'slaws. |
Jl li, became a common thing to cunt |
nioH into Ibrv Furnaces without tbeir
beiug Imrnl we would soon heliave
il was nnt lbe law of fire t , burn,
and so the possibility of miracles
would (-(iiise.   But when tbo uniform
iiini universal luws of nature are suspended or overruled wc  nro corn-
polled to believe that a mightier than
they is revealing Himself,    Of necessity, then, tbo da\s of miracles
are pusl ; their continuance would bo
destructive to the end sought,   But
that they did occur is proved on tbo
best authority, and ovory day that
passes without their recurrence only
proves more clearly that they were
interventions of the Divine Being. I
doubt whether a minister having tbo
power to "handlo rattlesnakes without gloves"  wonld  draw   a  larger
congregation, i.e. near enough to bo
beard,   Por my own part I would
prefer being  distant sevoral times
tbo length of that snako. with plenty
of room to got further,   As to astronomy, we must bear in miud that
the object of revelation if not to
lenob science, but to reveal (tod.   It
would havo boon a great injury to
man if tbo Biblo had undertaken an
inspired revelation of scientific truth.
Then wo hud beon as children playing with images ; we should never
have come in personal contact with
Nature's grand but simple secrets.
Consequently Moses speaks of the
sun and moon as they appear to a
superficial observer���aod all men are
superficial observers until they have
learned that something more than
sensation is required to arrive at the
truth.   "Wanderer's" astronomy is
right, but his bibliology is wrong,
for nowhere does tbe Bible say that
the mighty orbs were created for the
express purpose of "giving light to
this puny planet of ours."   The men
who persecuted Gallileo were ignorant alike of the Bible and science.
But although the Bible is not a
scientific book in the sense whioh
men call scientific, yet it teaches
soienoe of the most profound nature,
only differing' from natural soienoe
in the fact that the latter begins
where tbe lormer ends,   In geology
there are six periods, answering to
the six days of creation, whioh the
inspired writer treats of from the
very beginning and finishes up with
the present system, whereas geology
must begin with tbe present system
and trace the periods back to creation.   The Bible, therefore, does not
contradict  science,   but  coincides
with it.   I do not think that the
Church as a whole is opposed to
science, but I regret that a great
many of her teachers know very little
wf soienoe or the Bible either, and
these are the men who in the Church
or out of it are the most ready to
oppose everything of Which they are
not themselves the authors.   These
are the intellectual and moral parasites of the world, and it were a
blessing if tbey would take up homesteads and leave teaching alone.   As
to the authenticity of the Bible, I
should have said "many" of  the
books were belter authenticated than
any other ancient books.   But is is
tbe genuineness of a  book which
determines its value, and it wus to
prove the genuineness of Bible history tbat I referred to the pyramids
of Egypt and the tombs of Palestine.
Yours truly,       THUS. LEWIS.
Bevelatoke, June, lo'J2.
[We must ask tbe writers of future
letters in this controversy to curtail
their communications as much as
possible. We sball otherwise be
compelled to trim them down.���Ed.
J. E. WALSH & Coa,
Clearing Charges paid on
Freight, for Sloean Lake.
Hay and Grain for sale
General Commission
Passengers billed through from
For Coupon Tickets apply to
C. k K. Nav. Co.
li. N. Coursier
���~  -* ^   v   ���.���?     a~ *aAa^.
Hardware, Clothing,
Nakusp House,
Beautifully situated on the Lake
shore at tbe entrance to tbe best and
shortest road to tbe Slocuu mines and
Eldorado City. The beBt fishing and
bunting in tbe district, with grand
boating and sketching facilities for
tourists nnd artists.
The Bar is supplied with the
Best brands of wines.liquors
and cigars.
The accommodations of tbe Hotel are
of tbe best.
Destructive Fire
Between one and two o'clock on
Wednesday morning a fire broke out
in one of tbe Chinese houses at tbe
lower end of tbe main street in Kam-
loope, which consumed nearly h dozen
hi uses before being mastered by the
fire brigade. Il rapidly spread along
the north, or river, side of the streel
from the I hinese quarter to to Wood
k Tunstall's store The heat wus
Intense, and the Bremen oould uot gel
near enough to make any effectual
resistance fur any length of time,
while those en pi ved in placing tvel
blankets and otherwise protecting tbe
ho i es no the opposite side of the
streel were severely soorohed, and al
one |)"in! their efforts wt re unavail
ing, as the Barnes and Hpi.rkK reached
across the street, igniting two or
three bouses, wbieh very oon were a
* flamei Hull Bros.' bntchi r
mg establishment is - ntirely ������ pi
away and the Hudson Bay < lompany'8
store greatl) damaged by fire and
water, It ih (ortunBte there
wind, otherwise the whole business
purl of the town miisl have been
wiped out, The Bremen worked like
beavers, and to thoir energy is due
the prevention of nny further loss,
N'o information oan be obtained as to
the origin 'if the Bro, but no doubt a
searching inqniry will be made, No
lives were lost, although occui rii -
nn hour when most people were iu
bod, but tho monotary loss will be
The nlr. Lytton, when on her down
trip last Saturday, was delayed sin nr
seven hours by tbe bursting of ono
of bur boiler tubes. The mishap
occurred in tho Narrows shortly aftei
leaving Nakusp, and nl.n (lowed
down to about four milos an hour,
lho wheel revolving vory slowly
under a premium of lOlbs, of ti am,
Sho wus repaired nt Robson, and
arrived hero on .Monday.
This town, magnificently situated on
the Upper Arrow Lake, is the
shipping port for the
Sloean Mines, is
Slocan Lake and Eldorado City
by a
good, level
trail 18 miles in
length, aud is bound to
speedily become a place of
considerable wealth and importance,
Townsite maps and all iuformatiou
as to purchase of lots can be obtained
Revelstoke Station Post Office.
Stoves, Tinware, Crockery, Glassware. Carpets.
Doors, Window**, Builders' Hardware, Paints, Oils, Varnishes.
Miners' and sportsmen's supplies.
Bakery in connection with Store.
Messrs. 0. B. Hume & Co,
Revelstoke Station,
West Kootenay, B.C.
Close to Station, Post and Telgraph
C, N, NELLES & CO., Pr'ps.
Condnoted as a first-class Hotel,- the
comfort of visitors being the
first endeavor of the
Bathrooms and every Convenience.'
Consignment of Butter and Eggs   iceived every weeK*
Railway Men's Requisites.
Kept for use of guests and residents.
The scenery around Illecillewaet is
unsurpassed for grandeur, and tourists
will find the Merchants' Hotel ono of
the most comfortable aud best equipped in tho mountains,
Tiik [Jndewjighed iiak
Pack & Saddle Horses
In readiness at all times, nnd is prepared to do all packing
Orders lefl at C. P,
receive prompt
.1. P,
ft. Station wil
W. J. LAW,
Merchant Tailor,
(Near O.P.R. Station)
R I, V E LNTO K K,    B.C.
HngDHh Worntcdd,Scotch nnd
Ii-ImIi Tweedfl ami Sorjfos
Furniture & Undertaking.
_^��^ v\a/-^ r- /-/-/v>aVUi rws ff>r\ ,-v-��/-/v*.'**"'*'-*,'JV*-'v
Has a large Stock of Household Furniture, Coffins, Caskets,
Shrouds, &c.
A Nil
All orders by mail of'
express promptly
AU'desoriptions of
gold und silver.
Notary Publio
Notary Public,
Mining*, Timber and  Koal Estate Brokers and General
Commission Agents.
ConwflDOOS, Agr mts, Bills of Side, Mining Bonds, etc,, drawn up
Kent- and Accounts Collected ; Mining Claims Bought and Solo ; Assess-
MM-i.l work on Mining Claims Attended to-, Patents Applied for,Etc,, Etc,
Wl 1,1, CATC
Lota on Townsite of Revelstoke for Bale and Wauled. Agents forJOning
Machinery, Eto,


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