BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Kootenay Star Mar 18, 1893

Item Metadata


JSON: kootstar-1.0310175.json
JSON-LD: kootstar-1.0310175-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): kootstar-1.0310175-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: kootstar-1.0310175-rdf.json
Turtle: kootstar-1.0310175-turtle.txt
N-Triples: kootstar-1.0310175-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: kootstar-1.0310175-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Array VOL. IV.
REVELSTOKE, B. C., MARCH 18, 1893.
No. 40.
Is hereby given, tbnt application
trill be made to the Parliament of
Canada, nt the next session thereof,
for an Act to incorporate a Company
to construct, equip, maintain and
operate a line of railway in tbe Province of British Oolumbia from a
point at or near Nukusp, on Upper
Arrow Lake, Kootenay District, to
the forks of Carpenter Creek, with
power to extend to Bear Lak�� and to
Cody Creek.
Solicitors for the Applicants.
Ottawa, December 28th, 1892.
AGENTS to sell our ohoice and
hardy Nursery Stock. We have many
new special varieties, both in fruits
and ornamentals, to offer, which are
controlled only by us. We pay commission or salary. Write us at once
for terms, and secure ohoice of territory.���Mat Brothers, Nurserymen,
Rochester, N.Y.
Charmingly situated on the bank of
the river, on the principal street,
close to the poet-office and
Government buildings,
and nearest to the
First-elat*-* Table, good Beds,
Fresh Milk,
I am now prepared to supply
Families and Hotels with Milk at
lowest prices.
Lardeau and Sloean Prospects
Assayer and Analytical Chemist,
Nearly seven years assayer at Morfa
Works, Swansea, and for over seventeen
years chief analyst to Wigan Coal k Iron
Co., Wigan.
Assays and analyses of every description undertaken on the most reasonable
Special experience in coal, coke, iron,
ferro - manganese, steel, silver, copper,
lead and zinc
BEEF, PORE, late.
Stockholm House
The Dining-room is furnished with the
best the market affords.
The bar is supplied with a choice stock
of wines, liquors and cigars,
First Class DAIRY COWS
.[will do well to address
Box 217, Revelstoke, B C.
0. & H. LEWIS,
Catered fora
The largest and most central Hotel in
the city ; good accommodation ; everything new ; table well supplied ; bar and
billiard loom attached ; tire proof safe.
F. MoCABTHlf   - ���    ���
First-olass Temperance House.
Board a; j Lodotno $5 Peb Week.
MEALS, 25c.     iieds 25c.
This hotel is Bituated convenient to the
station, is comfortably furnished, and
affords first olass accommodation.
Royal Mail Lines,
Beautifully situated on the Lake
shore at the entrance to the best and
shortest road to tbe Sloean mines and
New Denver, Tbe best fishing and
hunting in the district, with grand
boating and sketching facilities for
tourists and artists,
The Bar is scfplied with the
Best brands of wines.liquors
and cigars.
The accommodations of the Hotel are
of the best,
Proposed Sailings from Halifax.
. Feb. 18
.M'rch 4
. " 18
. April 1
. " 15
. Feb. 25
. M'ch 11
. " 25
. April 8
.    "   22
Atlantio Express, arrives 10,10 daily.
Paciflo       " "     16.52   "
Cheapest, most reliable and safe
route to Mont.-eal, Toronto, St. Paul,
Chicago, New York and Boston.
Rates $5 to $10 lower than any other
other route.
Specially fitted Colonist Cars, in
oharge of a Porter, for the aooommodation of Passengers holding second
class tiokets. Passengers booked to
and from all European points at
Lowest Rates.
Low Freight Rates.   Quick despatch,   Merchants will save money
by having their freight routed via
he C.P.R.
Full and reliable information givon
by applying to
Aflst. (lon'l Freight Ag't, V'noouver.
or to I. T. BREWSTER,
Ag't 0. P. II. Depot, Revelstoko.
MONGOLIAN    "   ..
NUMIDIAN     "   ..
LAURENTIAN    "   ..
PARISIAN    "   ..
LABRADOR.Dominion Lino
Cabin 845, 850, $60, $70, $80 and
Intermediate, 830; Steerage, 820,
Passengers ticketed through to all
points in Great Britain and Ireland, and
at specially low rates to all parts of the
European continent,
Prepaid -mssages arranged from all
Apply to ...-arest steamship or railway
agent; to
I. T. Brewster,
Agent, Revelstoke;
or to Robert Kerr, General Pas-mug' r
Agent, Winnipeg.
Ripans Tabulos euro bad broath.
The Sower
Hm no Kaoonit clianm The
tlm luppiit* ult ni'iais - If be
. uk>�� urn wIm prectmtOD o( .
planting I
:erry's Seeds!
. Ferry's ttaai Aanuiil. for IWA,^
l contains all llio lali*i and twtl T
' liirornmilntianoui<)ara>nn��aod '
ii��r.i,.iiinR. ii ii a rwofnliM
imilioMiy. Kvitj plantar should
bavpiu  Sent free ou NQMS*,
r d. m. feu-m- a co, wi.aWr, on.!
Ripans Tabules owe constipation.
Ripon.H Tabules cure oolia
Bourne Bros, are having a large warehouse built adjoining their store. They
will also build a first class store at New
"The wearin' o' the green, me bhoys,"
wan very generally observed yesterday.
Delightful weather ushered iu " St.
Patrick's Day in tbe morning,"
R. Robson's new warehouse, near the
station, is geing up fast, Mr. Robson
carries an extensive line in flour k feed,
being agent for tbe Western Milling
Co., Regina,
Mr. Lsing will eondnct service in tbe
Presbyterian churoh to-morrow at 7.30.
Sabbath school at 2.30 p.m, in the
church. Wednesday prayer meeting iu
Mr. Paton's bouse at 8 p.m.
While playing with an axo on Thurs.
day morning, a little son of C. Turnros
almost completely severed one of his
lingers. Dr. McLean, who was called
in, hopes amputation will not be necessary.
P. C. Cilchiu, an old timer who is
placer mining on the north shore of
Trout Lake, came up for supplies on
Wednesday. He has had pretty fair
success, and will return as soon as possible.
Tbe Nelson Tribune is a very nice
paper, nicely printed, nowsy and truthful���as far as newspapers can be. But
its animus towards everything British
and its laudation of everything American is getting rather nauseous.
Bev. Mr. Boss of Donald spent Monday evening in town, the guest of Mr.
Paton, His mission here was in connection with churoh work at Donald, at
which place he reports satisfactory progress being made.
Spring is Coming, and already ladies
are wondering what styles of prints will
predominate. The very best prints,
challis, ohambrays and muslins have
been procured by H. N. Coursier and
will be opened up in a few days.
Trout Lake City lots are going off
rapidly, the majority being bought for
residential purposes by local parties.
Speculators are also beginning to get
on to a good thing, A Vancouver gentleman yesterday made application for
100 lota.
Bube Allyn, America'! great humor"
iat, and Chas. Kelly, a -vel'-known basso
and guitar soloist, will appear in Peter-
eon's Hall, Revelstoke, next Wednesday.
It will be an intellectual treat, and no
one should miss it. for particulars see
The will of the noted showman,
John S. MoMahon, who exhibited iu
Revelstoke last October, was probated
in Chicago, and consisted of 875,000
worth of property, which was divided
equally between his only sister and
brother Charles.
Tbe death of Chas. Oberg, formally
cook at the Central Hotel, was reported
here on Monday as having ocoured on
Peb. 17th. Mr. Oberg went to Pend
d'Oreille with his wife and daughter
last fall, and was the owner of some
land in Revelstoke.
The New York Family Story Paper
building wns gutted by tire ou the morning of February 28, yet not withstanding the great loss anil delay, the New
York Family Story Paper will be delivered regularly to new dealers and subscribers as nsual.
Navigation will open late this year.
Tbe ioe oovers the whole of the river
from tbe lower wharf down, although
tbe water is daily widening from the big
eddy to the bridge. If the weather in
favorable the river may be open about
tbe end of next month.
Messrs. D. M. Ferry k Co., tbe seedsmen, send out a first class illustrated
annual which is full of directions for
frnit, flower and vegetable growers. It
is to be obtained free by writing to tbe
firm, at Windsor, Ont. Ferry's seeds
hs.ve always given entire satisfaction.
The "Kaslo Claim," a new weekly
paper, will tie published in that growing town shortly. It will be intensely
local, and will endeavor to place the
wealth of tbe famous Kootenay oountry
before tbe notice of the mining world at
Urge.   B. T. Lowery ie the projector.
The machinery for the sawmill is expeoted overy day, having been despatched from Peterboro, Ont., last
week. It will take abont two weeks to
pnt it in position, and when started it is
expected the mill will have to run night
,md day to catch np with accumulated
on trial por so Days.
The finest, completest and latest line ot El***-'
trical appliance!!*, tho world Thev have novel
failed to cum. Wears so positive of It that we
Will bock our belief and send yen any Electrical
ti ppl lance now lu the market ond you car. try It
forThreo Months, Largost list cf lettluiunlnls
on earth. Bend for book and Journal Freo.
W. T. Baer & Co., Windsor, tint.
J. P. Sutherland and R A. Fraser
were passengers by the east bound train
on Thursday morning, both coming from
Kamloops. Mr. Fraser was employed
on the Star staff for about a year und a
half, and left Revelstoke in August,
1801, this being his first visit since.
They are "taking in the town" for a few
On Front Street, Sunday evening, a
gentleman's GLOVE, Owner can have
same by calling at H. N. Coursier's and
paying advertising charges.
Sail, Tent and Awning: Maker.
Bags, Hammocks, ko.
The genial weather lately quite corresponds with tbe fresh pleasing variety
of flue footwear at H. N. Coursiers.
Tbe Rev. C. Ladner will preach tomorrow in tbe Methodist Church,
morning at 10.30, evening at 7.80, All
are cordially invited.
We stated last week that tbe Bevel-
stoke Lumber Go.'s tender for timber
berths 112 and 113 bad been accepted.
The manager, Mr. D. Robinson, tendered on his own behalf.
The first annnal meeting of tbe Bevel-
stoke Presbyterian Church took place
Wednesday evening with a representative attendance. The retiring board of
management���Messrs. Law, Sutherland,
Fraser and Abrahamson���were re-elected
and Messrs. Beid, Laing und McKay
were added to tbeir number. The
question of building a uew churoh in a
more suitable location was discussed at
some length and the board of management were instruted to take steps to
secure building lots in * desirable
Messrs. A. Abrahamson, J. O. Piper,
A, H. Harrison, John Stauber, Jas. Bis-
set and Louis Bodrick, left Revelstoke
at daylight ou Tuesday morning for
Trout Lake City, Messrs. Piper and
Harrison are ranching on lands they recently took up on the shores nf Tront
Lake. Mr. Abrahamson, who has interests in several good mines close to
Trout Lake, has been appointed foreman on the work for the government
bridge across the Lardeau Creek near
its confluence with Trout Lake, Eight
men will ba employed, and the work is
(o be commenced forthwith.
Mr, George Turner, surveyor, arrived
here on Tuesday from New Westminster, and has been engaged during the
week surveying the river bank. Mr.
Turner has been sent to Revelstoke by
Chief Engineer Gamble, who has been
instructed ,by tbe Dominion Government to make surveys and draw up
plans of tbe Columbia Biver at tbis
point, so as to enable them to decide on
the best means for preventing the undermining of tbe bank during high
water. Mr. Turner's task is a most difficult one, tbe deep snow preventing
him from getting at the actual condition
of things. He will make a plan which
will be forwarded to Ottawa with a report, and there is every probability that
the work will bo done before the water
rises in Jnne. The communication addressed to the Minister of .he Interior
by the citizens' oommittee has met with
speedy response.
St. Patrick's Day Ball.
The Second Annnal Ball of the
Revelstoke Quadrille Club, which
was held in Bonnie's Hall last night,
was a most brilliant affair, being a
long way ahead of any yet held in
the town. Two hundred and fifty
invitations were sent nut, and so
many were accepted that the capacious hall was crammed to overflowing. Tho band was provided with
a raised dais at one en i of the ballroom, and the musir* discoursed was
pretty, inspiriting, and all new. It
was the first appearance of the band
as a caterer for dance music, and
Mr. Steed is to be congratulated on
loading such efficients, Green was
noticeable as a decoration on several
costumes (in honor of St, Patrick),
and one young lady wore a cream
dress studded with shamrocks,which
had a very pleasing effect, Two or
three ball dresses were greatly admired, especially one of rose silk,
" Who was the belle of the ball?"
was a question greatly asked this
morning, but of the four ladies who
took first honors two were married
and two single. We can say no
more, Among the decorations of the
ball a magnificent cariboo head, belonging to Mr. M. David, waa conspicuous.
Dancing commenoed at 9.30 and
was kept up till 4.30 this morning.
Mr. A. Paul presided over the supper
table, and Mr. F. Lyunnuise was
gentleman usher. The Committee
of Management oomprised Messrs,
C. N Nelles, F. B. Wells, C. H.
Temple, Dr. McLean, James Lyttle,
W. F. Crage, H. J. Bourne, who each
wore blue badges. The secretary,
Mr. I. T, Brewster, worked iude-
fatigably, and contributed a great
deal towards the success of the ball,
Mr. Alton's calling off was appro*
ciated by every one at the ball.
We are compelled to out the report
short, as time and space will not
permit anything larger than this.
The following were amongst those
present :���
Mr, k Mrs, H. D. Hume, Salmoa
Arm; Mr. k Mrs. Law, Mr. k Mrs,
Temple, Mr. k Mrs. Steed, Mr. k
Mrs. F. Fraser, Mr. k Mrs. Nelles,
Mr. k Mrs. E, Bourne, .Ur, k Mrs,
Crage, Mr. k Mrs. Coursier, Mr. k
Mrs. Ribbach, Mr. k Mrs. Buahoy,
Kevelstoke; Mrs. Richardson, iileoillewaet; Mrs. Jones, Miss West
and Miss Holland, Sicamous; Mrs.
McMahon and Mrs. Hnpgood, Rogers
Push; Miss Sheen and Miss Campbell,
Donald; Mrs. Clark, Mrs. Chapman,
Mrs. Ballegard, Mrs. Newman, and
Misses A. Brown, McLean, Miller,
Graham, Vidians, Rihbaoh (2), and
Turnros, Revelstoke,
Messrs. J. McLood, J, Taylor, A,
Kiucade, T. KilpatrickandD. Alton,
Bear Creek; J. Simmons, F. MoMahon, A. McLean, T. Needham and
J. Connacher, Rogers Pass; C, A.
McAnlay, Donald ; Gordon, Taylor,
Sicamous ; J. Dover, Nelson ; R. A.
Fraser, J. P. Sutherland, Kamloops;
F. B. Wells, H. Smythe, R. W,
Northey, I. T. Brewster, W. Col will,
M. David A. H. Holdioh, H. J,
Bourne, H. Glenn, D. Robinson, G.
Barber, J. Lyttle, F. W. Wilson, F.
E. Lyoonaise, W. Miller, J. I,
Woodrow, A. Panl, W, Lawrence,
F. MoCarty, W. B. Pool, P. Lewis,
E. McLean, D. Lyttle, G. Newman,
E. Mauusell, W. M. Brown, J. F.
Ahlin and others.
All kinds of specimens of Animals,
Birds and Fishes carefully and naturally
mounted. Several local Specimens on
view nnd for ante.
IN CANADA. All siues and special
widths kept in stock at H. N. Coursier's.
The Great Northern Claim
The owners of the Great Northers
Ledge���the largest silver ledge ever
known���are P. M. Walker, Charley
Holden and Tom Downs. Tbey
have been putting in the winter
blasting rock aud cleaning tbe channel ol the Columbia River in the
Narrows, between the Upper and
Lower Arrow Lakes. Mr. Holden
came up to Revelstoke two weeks ago
and left again last Sunday morning,
in company with Frank Bourne, of
Nakusp. While here he received
from Seattle an offer to bond tbe
Great Northern at once in the sum
of $10,000, tho bond being sent for
signature, The letter stated that as
soon as the snow permitted members
of the syndicate���which is composed
of capitalists iu Senttle, Chicago aud
Boston-would visit the urne, and if
at all like what it is reported, they
offer to buy it lor 827,000, to be paid
in three instalments of $1,000 each ���
ou the 15tb July, lst Sept, and lst
Oct, None ol the syndicate have
seen the Great Northern, but are
willing to put thu $10,000 un the
strength of the reports ol ttiose who
have. It is most likely thut the boys
will accept the offer, as they still own
four good claims iu thu Lardean,
namely, the Silver Cup, with probacy thu richest gab na ever assayed,
going as high as 2,000 of, silvur per
ton; the True Fissure, Lardeaa
Chief, aud (j. piier, all withiu ashort
distance of Trout Lake City. Mr.
C. F. Blackburn was instrumental ia
uniKiiikj the ileal. On three or four
occasions wu have cuntra.licted lbs
statement that thu miue was bonded
lu the Ko. kelelkrs. A Remarkable Oriental Experience.
And although I am convinced lhat we
have not got at quite the correct solution 1
fear that we never shall conic much nearer,
and that perhaps Chin cl.in-wa'a arguments
are in the right direction, To him it is
evident that from the abrupt way in which
the words "Tenth swallow" precede the
man's name, where they aro evidently misplaced, the whole has been written hurriedly ; so that the apparent disconnection of
ideas evident in our reading���"In tho
Palace. Seek for 113 in I'ekin. By the
Chinese."���is not unnatural by any means.
Again, the " Palace" is a word which tlie
Englishman would probably use as 111 Heating the Imperial City; and without being
able to give us any further definite information as to the place where ho is confined,hc
instructs us to "seek in i'ekin."
This might cither arise from ignorance
upon Iiis part as to the name of the
place of his confinement, or from the cx>
pectalion that lie might be shifted from one
place to the other, and therefore hesitated
to name a definite spot.
The reasons for such an imprisonment
Chin-chin-wa will not guess; for, as he
says, there arc so many conjectures we
might nuke, and each with a semblance of
truth, that it is useless to waste our timo
upon such matters as theso.
Ami he is right. That Norris isa prisoner
is the main point  Beyond that, v,*e have to
discover where ho is confined, and tlierc-;
after othor questions mast be decided whioh
we need not raise now, I
I am truly grateful for the chance which |
le 1 my path to 1 rods that of Chin-chin-wa.
He is a man ��i.o strikes 1110 as bound to
succeed in wli.it he undertakes. And the,
first uudorlalting upon his release is indeed
a noire one, when it is remembered that he
risks a renewal of that exile from which he
is but just sot free, and which be does not
hesitate to face a second time in casting in
his lol with inc.
lionsel broke in upon our colloquy shortly
before the hour for dinner. Chin-chin-wa left
us at a little after 10 p.m., by which time I
think we had pretty well thrashed out all
that wc have as yet to treat.
Hy Chin-chin-wa's desire I have changed
my plans. We lose littlo or nothing by so
doing, for wc go now upon horseback ; and
early in tbe evening we sent a relay of
ponies ahead of us, which we sball use tomorrow night. We leave at sundown tomorrow, to avoid tbe heat of the day, and
thus Chiu-ohin-wa has sullicient time given
him to prosecute the inquiriea be deems advisable in Tientsin.
1 put before him my desire to search for
tho curler.   Hc considers it useless ; but if
he bo in Tientsin at tbis hour, ho will bo j
within reach to-morrow, so wc hope.
I have as yet bad no time or opportunity
to lcatn the history of thisstrange and striking man���a history which it seems be his
himself written in tbe Knglish tongue during his exile. This I learned in a short conversation which ensued upon my touching
wil hextroniodclicacy upon tunnel arj matters
during the afternoon. Upon my doing so,
Chin-ohin-wa interrupted me at once. "Mr.
Dicey," he said, "spoke somewhat strangely nt n reward. 1 am not a man who requires tbe money of the Knglish. Iain rich,
and 1 am proud. My wealth, if you knew
it, must be even' greater than yours, and it
is Chinese wealth inherited from the nun
who first befriended mo amongst the Chiuesc
many yeara ago, Vting Lao died two years
ago His wealth oamo to me, though 1 was
au exile then, and oue who novor hoped to
taste of freedom. Vou have road of my life,
haveyounot! Vou have road in England
what  my life has been; is it not so':'' he
������ Read v mi' life', kn iwn of your exil
Vmi were iu China; we do nol hear of all
Chinese things in England. Perhaps nono
but the Chineso knew: how, then, could
we English know?"
Hc looked at me in astonishment, "I
wrote to Kngland," he said : "1 wrote in I
told of my early life, six years 1
" To whom did yoy wri
" Fancying 1 was aba it to li
'��� 1 wrote my talc ami sent il ��� 1 iv ...
I longed that my old people shi ���: .
me before 1 died.   1 was an exi e for life,
and I faced the exile's death,   tv
what my life had been,    I though
you would know.   I sent it to
where I once  was, as a boy
surely, would re        it.   Or ca
boen lost?"
" To my knowledge," I  tnsw
has never reached England: pei
so I propose ; and if we find it judicious to
go to him for his advice and assistance, the
introduction you so kindly give to Mr.
Vanscombo will be of undoubted sendee.
For myself," he added, in a moment or
two, "I require no introduction ; your
friend already knows of me."
"But'you are giving no reason."
''Perhaps," was Chin-chin-wa's reply,
"there is none, only that I think it above
all things wise to keep our own counsel iu
the matter till we see that something is to
gained by doing otherwise. To my mind,
it would be rash to put this affair before any
one in Pekin before we ascertain that it is
advantageous to do so. 1 counsel Mr. Vans-
combo not to go to your friend until then,
in the same way as 1 counsel him not to go
to the Legations in Pekin; because the more
closely wo keep our secret, the less it is
likely to leak out that an Englishman in in
I'ekin seeking for a friend. Are you prepared," ho continued, turning to me, "to
assume the Chineso dress whenever il may
bo necessary? Include a pigtail, but not
the shaving of your head," hc added, with
something ofa smile.
"I am ready at any moment," I answered.
" You have boon in Pekin,jMr. Bonsel?"
he went ou.
"Ves," replied my host, "I know I'ekin
well. Vou also havo been theic, is it not
"I was exiled from Pekin.'1 be paused a
a moment and then went on ; "Vou have
told ino that you know Pekin ; but you do
not know the Chinese side of it. And it is
the Chinese with whom we have to do, 1
have a certain degree of power in China, if
I require to uso it; hut, from our conjectures, we are inclined to put down as more
likely that the power required will bo
against and not for ths race, or, shall I say,
against the higher powers of thc land? In
these circumstances, I think my action must
strike you as likely to be freer than can be
that of your friend, however powerfully interested he may be in the case. What do
you say, Mr. Vanscombe���am I right or
wrong ?"
"Vou are right, to my miud," was my
answer. "I shall take Mr. Bonscl's introduction with the utmost gratitude, "but I
shall not promise to use it."
" Woll, you know the best," said my
host, with just a shade of annoyance in his
tone. " May I be excused to ask," he concluded, turning to Chin-chin-wa, " how
you decided to come here ; why yon are
joining my guest ?"
Chin-chin-wa slightly shrugged his shoulders. I
" Because I think I con assist���because
Mr. Dicey was certain that I could ; and, I
perhaps, because the old nature that  has
been kept secret all theso years is still boil-.
1 ing within me, aud calling for somo work
j that is difficult to do, as it used to do in the
1 old time when I wasa young man."
It was in reference to tbis part oi our eon-
: vei-salion tbat Bonsel  spoke  to me this
morning.   There arc several things .vhich
i puzzle him.   His nature is of that ultra-
1 auspicious kind we sometimes meet with.
Firstly, lie wished to know the history of
Chin-chin-wa, and how he came to be exiled.   I told him that I had not learned his
past; and he expressed  surprise that  I
should trust myself to  the  power of a
stranger, and leave him to guide mc more
or less in the future.
lions..-! wearios me with hia objections and
unintentional throwing of difficulties in my
'.\ IV.
1 ii tve told him plainly that I shall not
;ito Shau-min-yueu until  1 find it advis-
ile '������.in si, and I have extracted from
; 11: the promise thai he will not write to
Pekin advising my arrival, or in any way
hardship of a Chinese exa-niuation, he, as
an Englishman, was announced as the highest student of the timo in Southern China.
Before this, however, he had made a
Ciiinese enemy, whose name I think I recollect correctly to be Fa-to-tnan, This
rival took the second place in the examination. But for Chin-chin-wa, he would have
taken the first.
Leaving Canton, Chin-chin-wa came to
Pekin to undergo a higher examination for
State honor. Fa-to-tnan followed his footsteps, and a few days before the examination, whilst Cliin-chin-wa was walking one
evening in Pekin, his rival sprang upon
him. Fortunately, some instinct caused
tbo intendod victim to turn in time.
For the rest, any ono who has conceived
the correct idea of the man Chin-chin-wa
will easily guess that il was not many
seconds ere his foe 1 iy at his mercy. And
at this moment Chin-chin-wa, overpowered
by feelings of hatred for the coward who
bad tried to stab him in tbo hack, coir-
mitted the act which was the cause of his
ruin and of his exile to Formosa.
To an Englishman such an impulse might
never have occurred. Chin-chin-wa was no
longer an Englishman j his instincts hai
grown Chinese, whilst yet something of the
old nature may have remained deep within.
He did not kill Fa-to-man, but cut upon
his forehead, with tho knife Fa-to-man had
held, certain hinese letters, forming a
single word whoso meaning is the name,
" Chin-ohin-wa,"
Horrible as is the conception, surely
some justification speaks for Chin-ohin-wa,
for at that moment ho had at his mercy the
man who had tried to kill him from behind.
In a few days' time, at the examination
hall, Chin-chin-wa was charged by F'a-to-
man with attempted murder, tho proof of
which was tho wound ; and this charge led
in the end to the exposure of his English
birth und to his banishment for ever from
Chinese soil.
He was marked with the brand of exile
upon his breast���a mark which I have seen
with my own eyes.
This, brielly, is his story up to the time
of his banishment.
Of that period when, during seventeen
years, he existed in Formosa lacing a life of
endless separation from all that hchad lived
for, there is little to tell. Once or twice his
old friend, Yung Lao, came to visit him
from Hong Kong, and then at length Yung
Lao died, and Chin-ohin-wa inherited his
fortune, which was a vast one, whilst he yot
knew that riches were of liltle use to him
who was an exile in Formosa,
True, he had liberty to a certain extent,
and be was treated well; but none tbo less
was he an exile, and as   an exile he was
guarded, lest he should endeavor to escape.
Then, at the expiration  of seventeen
years, came his pardon, brought about by
the strange working of fate through the
mews of Iiis old enemy, Fa-to-man.
j    Fa-to-man had, during these years, reach-
] ed a high position in tbe State.   At length,
[ however, came a dav when ho was found to
be a traitor of the highest and most dangerous class, and as such was condemned to
public execution in I'ekin.
The name upon bis brow bad boon forgotten in the past; but it was remembered
now that he wns condemned to a traitor's
death;and perhaps the Powers made in-
quiry about the exile. This is dillicult to
decide. But the fact remains that when
Fa-to-man approaching tho threshold of his
.loom with Chinese calm, made tbo request
as though divining that Chin-chin-v/a's
releasa was possible, that his old enemy
might never bo set free, he was told that
even then Chin-chin-wa's pardon had been
signed. Huts was Fa-to-man's punishment
made complete!
So Fa-to-man was executed as a traitor,
and bis old rival was sat free.
It was considerably before the day when
hc told me bis story, and indeed before we
left Tientsin, that Chin-chin-wa chanced to
show mo bis pardon.   Bonsel was uot prcs-
'ic would not have done so;
referring t-: me or tomv search, tin: il 1 give   .   ,-   ,   ,       - .        ,., ,  ,       ,.
indeed, the conversation which led to this
ent, or I fancy
hii   ������    dssion to do so,   What a difference j       ,,-.,,      , ,.,. , ,
there is a 1 en I   Here is a man who, '��� would in all probability not have_taken
his i -   ito tssist, mstothrowobstaoles place had mj/ host _been present,
were  talkin
of  his  friend
for we
it, i    '   speak, I   the  prejudice  of
.,   .'��� i, wh   1 has led me to my pres-
enl -' ite of feelings.  My decision was made
sometime  g
I trust ���  .'a !
^^^^^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^^ . time sinoe I have
lost upon the way; or perhaps il . diary, that I am as-
been sent to some .. fisher's," I a , ed to say how long it is, or to give the
musingly for my tl ng ��� |. ,. f the day upon whioh lam now writ-
^ "Bul they would have used . ;. And, first neforo ] rooeeding to write
they not?' ip to date, it is well that I should     esomo
The curious wan* of knowle the mai   t*   1   1    00   with me
English doings struck me a , .,-.. n to Pok n, to assist in the
re  died  I in 1   no ,: , Jforris,andthil [should
knewliti lofthecou             1 birth, ttlino of the life which
" ' do nol '.    1.   11 ,.,, hia,
in the  way,   Somewhat different to my
in that quieter and deeper treat-
men: nf : .   matter w uch i have received
1 h n is of the Diceys.   And yet, at
��� ting, his idvi - was all that could
���  . lin I,   One's  :imio-:s change gradual-,
ive done so "because of | try within the pastsevciUcen years, and I
his endeavor to thrust his friend down my
1 had asked Chin-chin-wa howhe came to
have heard of Shan-niin-yuen ; for, to my
understanding great changes must havo
taken place in the government of the coun-
n irs put away work,  I ha1
for mouths or years e
id 11 m prom ; ...
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^Ma. , . 1 1 we wire
neverrea I end,   they n [ .       that account I
publish it,   There are many ways in which j 1,
your lit- tale maj -.-.t I  you
must tell il person, i
our road to Pi
He hi- ji to  lo ill have
told him that, tun
indeed, I pa��sI
��� - pe tcro long to I      11 e, I     1    1       tin
tho troth n   m   I be  loi y hoha
ition Ron
i-Ch -i
. I .
go to Pi       ���   '
.   1
. :
: . 1 anything I   iti
1 heard bo
:  '
" U'll ���   :. 1:1 ?" ill'|
ly,    " I am 1111      landing yo . 1   i
1... 1    ���.        fjhiin    friend
is tho frank 11 ply,   " Il  I
1   hat your friond mil hi  n   1st 11
all th tl I   ij 1  thai -. ��� -ii 1   not go in him
., ��� pi 1 I-,   We   h til i"' I om wa',
ii    . : .
[1        ...
1 ,
��� 1 ���
1   ������ 1 1.      I Oi 1    ' I I  '   1 I
11 ��� Dxaiii'tiatl'i
l> in      ���'
il        I from tl i' H ii
. 1  .    nutely i'n'' 1 tho cxau
nl I   n*'i. , and, 11    r passii       iroii| h 1
could not suppose that whilst in exile Chin
chin-wa could have been posted up in the
doings of tbo day.
His answer was to tho effect that his
pardon had been signed in a secondary way
by Shan-miii-yuen.
I asked him how he knew that it was so;
for 1 imagined that the document referring
to his release was not likely to have reached
the exile's hands. But in this I was wrong,
for he produced thereupon what be terms
his " Pardon," written upon sonic very
finely and strongly made silk which forms
into ii small roil upon a piece of ebony, lo
which it is attached.
He produced this dooument, nnd laid it
in front of me, and then with his finger
pointed i" two letters, as I took them to bc
in the low-.-comer.
"That,"he said   "is  tho  signature  of
ih ii, min-yuen.   The other above it -this
here   is  the signature   of the Supreme
'  ' This man, Shan min-yuon, oo-
pi   ��� mi in tho Stato, but not neo-
essarily a hi ���   one I ho tgh ll may ho so),
ll no   is   nol   In ri'n.Haul,   to
with ii, bul to bn, as ii woro,
intee thai tl   do mmonl 11 good,"
.   .   ' ���!      .-, I     .,   ting with curiosity,
.   . i:i
noci    ' ��� '    mo,   'i   inswoi
f bltti 11.' ..  in   his
1'ouseon I am 'hi
I  I ,
1 mark
U 1 In
1 It
1   n
1 it, I
' nr   '  ,
���    IDS    i 1    WA,
tt a ��
Wi- lofl Tienl nn with ml having
ed any traco of the carter. By Chin-
chin-wa's wish���and, indeed, perhaps I
was the first to suggest the matter���1
paid off the guido brought with ine from
Shanghai; for to commence with a guide
was now quite an unnecessary thing, as I
had for companion a man who could prove
far more useful to me than a guide; and,
further, tho Shanghai guide would simply
have impeded our operations.
With Norris's guide we acted differently, having determined to take him with us
in hopes of his identifying the carter in
Thus there were now three of us���Chin-
chin-wa, the guide who had formerly accompanied Norris, and myself.
We left Tientsin upon the afternoon, it
being our intention to ride all uight, and,
if possible with tlie relay of horses sent
ahead, reach Pekin the following evening.
Before starting, I offered to Chin-ohin-wa
one of my revolvers, ou discovering that he
did not himself carry one. But he refused
llie offer, showing me a curiously shaped
knife which he carries, and to which
he said he would prefer to trust in case of
an emergency, as he is not accustomed to
thc use of the revolver.
We had four ponies���an additional animal, that is to say for tho baggage. This
pony the guide took under his charge, and
in this fashion wc set out upon our journey,
passing for a long time through tho streets
of Tientsin ; and at last reaching thc country, t>.t which point wo wcre able to slightly
increaso our speed.
Chin-chin-wa and myself rode sido by
side, tho guide, with the baggage-pony,
preceding us, in ordor tbat wo might not
stray from the appointed route.
To converse with the man by my side I
found to be most interesting. Not only did
Ills individual life exhibit a past which was
almost incredible, but his information and
knowledgo I speedily found to be vast indeed, It is generally the case that the
wisest man is least remarkable for an exhibition of wisdom, and thus it was with
Travelling in North China was novel to
ine. Thero is an atmosphere almost of tho
desert about the flat country through which
wo passed, cultivated though it was upon
all sii'es. I suppose this impression came
upon me from the clouds of dust which our
ponies stirred as we went along, and from
the great heat of the declining sun.
Night came on apace, and with the darkness came, at length the moon. Wo continued riding by moonlight until tho following day, when (at, I think about nine
o'clock) we arrived at the villago whero
fresh ponies -the relay sent on by us from
Tientsin���were awaiting us.
We had, up till now, enjoyed nothing
whioh could be tertnod rost, although we
had, indeed, occasionally halted for
brief apace cither for food or drink. Further
than those brief stoppages, wo had been in
the saddle all night, and being unaccustomed to such prolonged exercise, I, for
one, was in that condition in whioh 1 could
almost have slept iu the saddle as we went
To my delight, a rest was decreed beforo
wo should proceed ; and, leaving the guide
to make all arrangements. I was not long in
finding a place where I could sleep under
cover, I simply took possession of an
apartment, of that kind whicli was all the
liltle inn could furnish���a chamber, open to
lhc courtyard, in which a great number of
mules and carts wcre congregated, and possessing no furniture, unless that part of the
earthen lloor which was higher than the
other, and which served as a subsitute for a
couch, might be looked upon as suoh.
As it was, my condition was not a discriminating one, so 1 laid myself down upon a blanket, which 1 had taken from the
baggage-pony, and disposed my head upon a
pillow obtained from tbe samo source,
Chin-chin-wa remained behind in the
courtyard ; and I wos awakened from a
condition of half-sleeping by his entry some
time later.
Ho had been conversing, so he told me,
with the proprietor of the inn���a Pekin
man, he said, of considerably better standing than these innkeepers usually are.
I scarcely listened to his words. Nothing
of great interest had transpired, so far as I
I think I must have fallen asleep again,
for 1 have littlo ncolleolion of uuything
turlhor until I awoke, or partially awoke,
some time later to notice that Chin-chin-
wi was lying opposite me���that is to say,
that his feet almost touched mine, whilst,
his massive frame lay beyond.
He-was lying upon his back, and had
carelessly cast his rich silk clothing in a
heap upon the ground. Possibly he may
havo placed his garments by bis side, and
they have fallen, whilst he slept, from tho
raised part of the floor on to that bolow.
Av I was "placed I could not seo bis face
or the upper part of his body ; but 1 remember dreamily conjecturing that, although he still woro his lower garments, it
was probable, from the amount of clothing
which lay upon thc floor, that bis chest was
bare ; and that, therefore, I might look
upon lhe brand of exile, which I had not
then seen, did J trouble to rise.
1 was, at this time, in that half-waking,
half-dreaming condition in which it is difficult to distinguish the real from the dream
10 delightfully blended is thought with
The noises from tho courtyard, which was
within a few feet of us, soemcil to mingle in
akiiid of harmony, and 1 war. as one dream.
ing, and yet not dreaming ; for, whilst 1
wns to n certain extent conscious, I could
not boliovo that 1 was so, because sleep still
hung heavily upon me, and possibly iho
���1 ..it warmth ol tlio air- the sun being now
high in tho heavens, and lho day woll advanced may huvo inllueucod my slow re-
tun to full waking,
I'i 1 ..ri- um 1 nothing peculiar 1:1 my condi*
.,..., for 1 i.avo often experienced the Bamo
10th boforo and returning from sloop to
during I     '.iii: rval that an
nl  ,    111 ���. i wh eli spci dily calli d 111 '
into    II play,
[In '     nr.o      t or two, ti
. Ihe y      b   iui    .   ti-
i I, w    op 111 to tin
th(! I ll :     l\
��� - ��� i   ' '   . ���'  ;. ��� ��� t 1       :
upon Chin-oh
Kill    '   .   !
that the
I Chin   liiu-w i's
1    .
���.:   .' '    . ���     ���
irts ill I     yard, 1 j in nl     1 . In*.
stantly 1���'  '������  '���>������������'���'��� ��� '���'    ' �� his feet, and 1
threading my way at full speed after the
robber through the crowdeil carts.
So rapidly did this occur, that the thief
passed into the street unhindered: I, a
second or two behind him, followed in pursuit.
As I turned into the road, the tall form
of Chin-chin-wa made up upon mo, and I saw
as it did so that he was naked to the waist.
Almost at the same time a shout arose
from behind us. I was now behind Chin-
chin-wa, and perceived some Chinamen, who
wero a littlo way in front of us, turn immediately. Tho shout was repeated as lhe
robber passed them, and threo of them cast
themselves forward upon Chin-chin-wa to
stop bis pursuit. But thc threo men wore
as nothing to the great strength of Chin-
chin-wa, and he dashed them on either sido.
All the same, tho momentary impediment
had been the robber's gain.
None stood to hinder me ; but new shouts
seemed to arise all around, and men came
out from the houses on eithor side, and,
almost iu a second of time, it was as though
we wore flying from a crowd that gathered
in pursuit, and not ourselves pursuing the
thief in front.
It flashed across mo suddenly, as I ran,
that Chin-ohin-wa's breast was bare, and
that the   whole village   wore after   the
exiled man I _^^^^^_^__
A great fear descended upon me in a
species of frenzy, that lent speed to my
steps. Tlie pace had grown terrific; the
thief was the most nimble-footed Chinaman
I havo ever seen ; but atill we mado upon
him step by step, Chin-chin-wa a yard in
front of mo, I desperately striving to do-
crease that space.
Thc thief turned suddenly to lhe left; we
were in tbe open country now, and 1 10 ild
hear the crowd shouting and screatniig bo-
hind.   A mad fear enme over me.
Whore was Chin-chin-wa's pardon, since
ho was naked to the waist ?
To catch the robber must mean that we
were lost, for to secure him meant delay,
and delay lho falling into tho villagers'
As I knew the terrible truth with instantaneous thought, I tripped, and then tripped again and fell, and, even as 1 did so I
saw that Chin-chin-wa's hand had descended
upon tbo robber's shoulder, and felt that
both ho, the exile, and I his fihnd, were
surely doomed.
My fall must have boen in part broken in
that I tripped a second time, for 1 was for
a moment but partially stunned, and I can
recall, as though it had been a dream, a
great noise on all hands, aud the tall figure
of Chin-chin-wa standing above mo and
holding something in his hands, whilst he
shouted loudly, ore my senses became confused.
a *.        *        *        #        #
The Ch'nesc proprietor of the inn bad
been the man who had first passed the
word that had been echoed on all sides. It
was he who had recognized tho exile's mark
as ho passed, and it was he who had set the
whole villago on our track. For tho word
"exile" spread from house to house, and
with that word went tho inhuman desire to
join in tho pursuit, and hunt down tbo man
wbo bad nn home in the land of the Chinese.
It had, indeed, been :i time of imminent
danger. HidChin-chiii-wa sweryod in thc
resolute pursuit of the thiol, as many a man
would have done wilb the knowledge that
on all sides his fellow-creatures were crying
for his blood, all would have been lost; for
tlio man wdio had committed the theft, and
whom we were then pursuing, had taken,
with tho silk raimo t, the pardon which
protected Chin-chin-wa's life, and, had he
esoaped, the exile, would have come to a
terrible end. For it is useless to suppose
that th grandeur of the strength of oi single
man can .save him from the multitude. Ho
may, indeed, dio liko a lion, but that is
nil; and by the stealing of his pardon,
the thief had left Chin-chin-wa outlawed, and as tho thing to be killed by
stealth or strength of number by those who
wero his enemies from that hour.
That the thief had had designs upon the
pardon is impossible, because it was only on
our rushing from thc court of thc inn in mad
pursuit that thc exilo'snnrk was seen ; but
the man in stealing the clothes had stolon
that which chanced to bo attached, and for
the double theft he paid the penalty.
When I had fallen, tho crowd wero just
upon us ; but Chin-ohin-wa shouted with a
loud voice, and though two or throo spun g
upon him he struck them down. Tho others
heard and saw, and none oould disobey, because he held wdi&t ho had now regained���
the pardon of tho Supremo Power !
So tho crowd seized upon the thiot instead,
and hung him by tbo ankles to a tree, that
in this way the blood might rush into his
bead, until at length he died.
The Moon.
The moon made amends for getting full
twice In January, by not getting full at all
in February. That is perhaps the humorous aspect, but there is a more interesting
ono in the fact that a month without a full
moon only happens in about twenty years.
The Irregularity is not in the moon's habits,
for they are of tho greatest regularity. It
is tho irregularities of the calender that
placo Luna in Ibis false position. Tho interval between full moons is always twenty-
nine and a half days, so that February is the
only month that possibly can be without a
full moon, and that only when the preceding
full moon comes on the 30tll or .'list of January, Tbe last full moon was on Jan, .'11,,
and and the moon will not be full again until March 2.
Feminine Owioiity.
" Mr. Dolley, won't you let me look at
your watch a little while ?"
"Certainly, Miss L'Typp. Do you want
to consult lhc time ?"
" No," replied the girl, as she opened it
anl examined Its case and works. " I was
curious to soo If water tarnished gold, or
had anv I'.l'."". on the watch's delicate mechanism."
" Water ? What do you mean ?"
" Woll, Mr. Hunker told me you woro in
the ha! ti of    il ing your watch.   Whal is
objei '     mi nt, Mr, Dolley !'
Ol " ".ion-Its Eosnlt.
I ���'   : ���   M im n ������,   1 think  you'd bettor
wl 11 Willie.
���: 1  -Wl .. my child?
" Well, io: hrok 1 tli 1 v ise nn tlio mantel
ami mixed part ol auntie with grandma,
ind threw the rest of her in tlio fireplace,'
above his rank is
i' i any 11  11 to n al
but to soil'his liberty, ON A SUBVEY IN MIDWINTEii
.1 Talc or Adventure In a Canadian
At dawn en the '28th of December, 1SGS,
a surveying party of seven men and a youth
of eighteen years were camped half-way between tho upper waters of the Bonneohere
and Madawaska Rivers, in what was then
a wilderness of eastern Ontario. Mr.
Ronald Mackinuon was the Provincial land
surveyor in command, and I was the youth
of eighteen. We had been in tho woods for
five weeks, and this was my first experience
as ciiaiiiman on a timber-limit survey.
The tent from which we rose, lout* before
dawn that morning, was open-fronted, sided with young spruces stuck on ond, and
well banked with snow. It was not ill-
warmed by the great fire of black birch and
maple that had been glowing all night withiu three yards or so of our feet.
Having obtained water by melting snow
the niglit before, wo breakfasted on tea,
ship-biscuit and cold boiled pork, the only
provisions that we cared to carry over our
long "blazed" line through the difficult
Then Mr. Mackinuon started away on a
north-westerly course with four men. His
last words to me were, "Ned, mind you're
hack with tho prog early to-morrow afternoon, so there'll bo supper for us when wo
get into oamp, We shall have seven miles'
walk after to-morrow's work."
The "prog" he spoke of was then cached
or stored, in an abandoned timber shanty
about fifteen miles from our tent, and near
the south shoro of Lake Sheboiobonuwig-
nmog, of which we spoke familiarly as
"Shcboy." For thc two months'more work
which wc intended to do we had no pro-
visionsexcept thc eafhe.
At Maokinnon's words I thrust my feet
into my hard-tied snow-shoe strings and
went oil', with two men, on a course nearly
contrary to his, One oi my men carried a
small tin pail containing about two pounds
of boiled pork, and enough tea for lunch
done up in a handkerchief. We eaoh carried four round, thick hardtack, in our
pockets, and in one hand a tightly-rolled
tump-line, or, carrying strap of leather
about twelve feet long. 1 carried also a
long-handled half-axe or hatchet.
Our design was to bring back pork, biscuit,
tea and matches to the weight of aboul three
hundred pounds.
Daylight was not clear when we left the
grand fire behind us. I led the way, by
pocket-compass, through a noble woodland,
mostly of birch, maple, spruce and balsam,
from among which rose many lofty white
pines. But the hills wero so many, high,
steep and rocky, and the tramping through
three feet of light December snow was so
slow, that we wcre not within sight of
Shcboy when we stopped to make a littlo
lire and melt snow for tea at eleven o'clock
It was one o'clock when wo saw tho
irregular Ir.ke a mile, ahead, down at the
foot oi the great slope on whose summit we
Hero we first noticed a queer s mell of
" grillade" or fried pork in the sunshiny,
calm and cold air. This whetted our hunger,
though we had so lately lunched, for fried
pork was our one luxury, Wc always had
it on Sunday. Thc meat waa too precious
away out there to be eaten otherwise than
cold-boiled, or raw, on week-days. Several
of the men liked tbo raw fat best, but I
never tried hard enough to acquire so accomplished an appetite.
As we strode dowu the slope, wondering
at the enormity of the grillade that made a
whole forest odoriferous, that delicious
smell became stronger and stronger. Had
a party of Indians burglarized our cache?
When we reached tiicedgeof snow-covered Shcboy, we perceived an exceeding thin,
languid and blue smoke flowing up from
where the old shanty should bc.
Racing iu alarm across tho hike, wc found
that tl.o building and overy scrap of our
stored provisions had been consumed by fire
probably during the preceding night. Nothing remained except ashes, &onie smoldering
sills, and a wide patch of grcaso-snturaletl
clay which had been part of tbo shanty's
hard-trodden lloor.
We searched the surrounding woods for
the snow-shoe tracks ot incendiaries, but
found only the traces of many wolves. No
doubt they bad broken iuto tho shanty and
ignited our stored matches while tearing
and scrambling amongst the bags. For convenience of portaging the provisions to
Sheboy wo bad flit everything into bags on
leaving our teamsters five weeks before.
We three lost no time in starting back to
warn Mackinuon that we must all give up
the job and start for a settlement. Dutch
John's cabin, forty-two miles from camp by
a blazed cutting, was tho nearest place
whero food might be procured. We knew
there could not be morc than a few ounces
of "grub" ill camp by the next day, the
20th of December, at noon.
Encumbered with oampequipageandoloth-
ing, we could not hope to reach Dutch
John's iu less than two days' severe marching, so broken by hills was the narrow lino
of retreat.
On tho way back from Sheboy tho steepest faces of the many hills wo had como
over in the forenoon wcre against us, and we
wero not within six miles of camp at half-
past four, when tho woods wore too dim to
permit farther journeying.
We might have gono on had moon and
stars beon clear. But the temperature had
risen, and snow'Was coming down so heavily that we could not distinguish our snow-
shoe tracks of the morning. So we made ii
little fire, built a shelter by leaning boughs
against a horizontal pole, and spent a hungry night, sitting on boughs and turning
first ono side and then the other to the
blaze for warmth,
N'oxt forenoon, the twenty-ninth, when
wo roaohed oamp, Mackinuon and the
others wero, wo knew, so far away on the
new cut i ins.* that we oould not hope to reaoh
thom In tunc to prevent tin ir . atiug, at
lunch, all lho food they had with thoin,
Nor could wo bt ing thom ii so m i no igh to
pack up and make a atari i'i: Dill hi
that day,
Our si arch forcal    es disci
pound ol ton, ii'   h li ile i.i'
I ui i,i pio.es,    'i. >   hrnk ' ' iii' fi  I
I.     nil, ill    [ill 01   .  ll ll I'.    " of I
Then we cul and stakorl
,,( w I for ihu night,   V   i i    vn    ,
v mdi " -1 through lh    i
: care up   nno parlrid li  kill
j  ���     licks,
I'hoi I    ' 'I I'i
party, I'm     nl ! limit swrvi i
. a imii ii in irohlii ��� iindoi1 heavy load
men so ci gn cd .i Ido m v firearms, ��� -���
iii'i'i illy ns they cannot  liud time ' i
game except on Sunday when, even if they
have no respect for the day, rest is needed
more than anything else.
When Mackiunon and his men came in
late that evening there was nothing to cat
except half a biscuit to each of our reunited
eight. Ncne of ue were senselessenough to
eat his half-biscuit that night, with at least
two days of starvation in prospect. All
drank tea liberally and turned into the
blankets, "spoon fashion.'' The two eud
men "shingled" the blankets over the
others as usual, then lay down and turned
tbe ends of the blankets firmly under themselves.
Snow fell nearly all night. Thc fire
melted it on our tent, so that a fine fringe
of icicles hung down among tbe greenery
at the sides by morning, and little rivulets
of ice bad formed on the canvas low down
at the back. Boat the fabric as we would,
it was a heavy load for one hungry man to
carry all day. Mackinuon Uiought we
should save time by carrying it, instead
of making brush camps.
We set out at dawn, the .10th of December,
for Dutch John's, along a line blazed by ourselves in the tore part of the month. Since
then two feot more of snow had fallen. This
raised our heads and packs as high us many
of the brunches that we had left uncut because they were clear of our heads when we
first passed along. Thus wc had to stoop
often, which was almost as fatiguing us to
crowd the high-oarried packs through without stooping.
Good portageurs, I may explain, usually
cirry their loads high on their shoulders,
almost on the back of their necks. The
bundle is bound by the tapering ends of the
leather tump-line, and the broad middle of
this line is held by the portageur's brow
Thus thc load, made bulky by blankets am
clothes, rises as high or higher than tho man's
We had left nothing behind except Maokinnon's compass, the chain, three axes and
most of tho cooking utensils. Our blankets,
clothing and other necessaries made seven
packs of some twenty-five pounds each.
Mackiunon, a true leader, and the biggest
man, carried the icy seventy-pound tent all
tlie forenoon ; we took it by turns later.
By noon we bad marched ten miles, and
reached the third of those camping-places
where we had pitched tent at the end of
ouch day's cutting in, Up to this time the
otlurs, till tobacco-users, had somewhat
stayed their craving stomachs by chewing
anil smoking, while I chewed and swallowed
No other so silent march do I remember.
Seldom was anything heard except the click
and creak of snow-shoes, the blowing of
men laboring up steeps, and the slight clatter of tea-pail and pannikins in their bag.
Sometimes a partridge whirred up out of
the whito und rattled away, while clumps
of snow dropped silently from the smaller
firs, as though stirred to fall by tbe little
wind from the bird's wings, and so we plodded steadily on.
After taking hot tea at noon we at once
resumed our packs. I had placed mine on
the stump of a tree felled by us for fire-wood
three weeks earlier. As I lifted the bundle
some fragments of a cake, previously concealed by the snow-cap, fell down. These
were pieces of a cake of solid lard that had
cooled ou our pot when we boiled pork at
j that camp on ojir way in. I stopped with
a joyful cry, and found not less than two
pounds' weight of clear white grease.
Such a windfall i All hands crowded
round, and I shared the delicacy fairly.
Then we went on our hands and knees tc
grope vainly in the snow for more. But
wc had enjoyed a quarter of a pound of
grease each, and were much comforted.
That day wc made twenty miles���a long
inarch for unfed men, In the afternoon we
passed two camping-places where wo bad
never boiled pork. Still we had hoped to
find some pork-rinds or bits of biscuit at
ouch place.
But we brushed the snow in vain. If we
had thrown away any scraps oi food there
tbe camp hawks, four of which now silently flitted along near our company, had devoured every particle.
The sixth back-camp had been a pork-
boiling one, so we thought. But on reaching it at dark, we remembered the place us
one where we had fed sumptuously on partridge and grillade.
Pork had been boiled three miles, or one
day's cutting, nearer Dutch John's. It was
too late to proceed that evening on the
chance of finding another cake of fat.
That night was a wretched one, not with
hunger only, but with cold. The temperature had fallen to thirty below zero, and we
had arrived too late lo lay in our customary
stock of fire-wood.
Here each ate the half-biscuit he had car-
lied all day. But we went without tea, for
the stock had been greatly reduced during
the afternoon, when my tea-chewing had
been generally imitated. It appeared that
we should have nothing but one drink of
tea, and possibly a cake of lard, to each
during the uext day's march by which we
hoped to reach Dutch John's.
Boys cannot endure fatigue and hunger
so well as mature men. Next morning, the
thirty-first of December, I felt quite sick
with the craving for food and sleep. My
nerves, disordered bya day of tea-chewing,
had kept me awake in a sort of delirium ull
night. Nevertheless, I.struggled doggedly
on with my pick till ten o'clock, when
Mackiunon took it from mc. When I strove
to get it back be said, " I'll cany you, too,
young un. if you don't look out."
So I did look out. Ti.e extra load seemed
nothing to him, for his own pack was light,
because the tent had now been left standing behind us.
Tbat day thc big surveyor's spirit rose
with liismen's needs for encouragement. He
I promised us an immense cake of lard at the
I first back-camp, But alas I 1 suddenly remembered that I had, on leaving tlieie,
wantonly Hang '.he cake into the firo lor the
fun "i teeing it blaze.
This recolleotiou  was received with a
������������   : il groan from all i x i pi Mac,  who
.  i:    .. .:���. i mid, " \\' li. boys, the m ire
. ��� ��� to tell
our grandchi     n some day."
All daj 1 dowi
��� .-'.- creek
: '
' i   ' ���
in   I
il while in ith even a 1   111 pai k,
��� . ���     ���    Iry Doci ml
"    . ���      ���      . lis our ox-
I   I record il, not, remon i-
cm one, but  I    i      t fair!
many au incident in tlie work that Canadian
surveyors do for little money. But then
they have " the 3ense of endurance dear to
the heart of every Englishman," as Hughes
says in "Tom Brown at Rugby."
Our horror on reaching Dutch John's
place at nine that night and finding the
house empty of humanity and food!��� ifl
were making up a story 1 should certainly
depict it. But the truth is that Dutch John
and his jolly, fat wife were at home entertaining a New Vear's eve party of some
twenty buxom young folks from cabins distant ten to twenty miles.
The good souls I ���how they wero jigging
it, and how gladly they sacrificed the greater part of tlicir astonishing Dutch supper to
appeuse our hunger I
One dish I shall ever remember with lively
afi'ection, though I do not wish to taste of
it again. It consisted of bits of moat and
chunks of a particularly greasy aud sticky
sweet cake floating in a huge tin pan fu 11 of
what seemed like custird made with sour
Was it good ? It remains in my memory
as the most excellent of dishes for a party
on New Vear's eve.��� [E, VV, McTavish.
In the Barber Shop,
"I ain't feeling good this morning and I
guess it is because I had hold of tho mug of
a dead man," said the man at tlio sicond
" Vou don't mean to say that you shave
a corpse ; not with that razor, surely ?' said
the victim in the second chair.
"No, sab; you misunderstood me. It
was the mug of a man who has been dead
over a year ago, but I knew in the moment
I read the superscription on it. There is no
luck for mc in dead men's shaving mugs.
Some barbers keep tbem always in sight
and are as fraid as death of breaking them.
1 think a barber oughterfind the family and
send the mug home with as great felicity as
he can just as soon as the obsequies are concluded. Colored barbers don't like them, I
tell you ; but talking about mugs, I think
thc cheekiest thing for a customer to do is
to expect the barber to advertise his business. 1 saw a mug in a shop last week that
was covered with big gold letters. It had
the owner's name and address and ' Flour,
Feed und Grain' on it. If it was in my
tonsorial establishment the picture would
be turned to'rds tho wall."
"Where's the big Piiil who used to work
on the end chair ?" asked the victim.
" Had to dispend his services. He was
too irascible."
" Irascible I   Why, I never thought so."
" Yes, be was. Ho was talking all the
"Oh, he means versatile, boss," said the
barber on the other end, and then turning
to his victim, he said i "Shall I vaccilate
your hair, sah?"
" What ?" asked the surprised victim.
" Vaccilate it, sah. That's a new word
just introduced, sah, to describe the process
of applying vaseline to tho hirsute covering
of a gentleman's cranium."
" 1 do not think I will vaccilate, then,'
said the patient.
Information for Scotchmen-
Some interesting information about
Scotchmen and Scotland is to bo gathered
from the speeches at the gathering in honor
of Burn's birthday. At the dinner of tho
Newcastle and Tyneside Burns, Club. Mr.
Carsc, the presidsnt, observed tbat an idea
prevailed that the object of the Burns Club
is simply to meet at night, eat haggis and
drink whiskey toddy ; whereas they do
nothing of the kind. As to tho haggis'
" honest sonsie face, " it is still to be seen,
but tbe poet's countrymen are so reformed
or deformed thut at the last meeting of the
committee, when they asked for refreshments, these gentlemen took toddy, and
five or six creatures took coffee. At the
Birmingham and Midland Scottish Society's
dinner, Mr. John Addison referred to the
fact that it has been said of Scotchmen that
as soon as a great man or woman becomes
prominent, they endeavor to prove that he
or she is Scotch. This gentleman has heard
it said that Jenny Lind was a Scotchwoman
and that Donizetti was not an Italian at all,
but the son of a collier named Donal Dissie.
Ho had also heard it said of the great Russian general Skobeleff that he was the son
of a Scotchman whose name was Scobic,
Wild Flowers of Greenland-
Oneof the members of Ferry's expedition
says tho vegetation of Greenland can be divided into threo belts. One class of vegetation beginning at Capo Farewell and ending
a short distance abovo Uodthaab, ono extending to Melville Bay, and thc other beyond that point. In the first belt thore
were found spruce trees, dwarf willows and
birches; in tho second tho spruces disappeared, and in the third tho birches. In
like manner many other plants existing in
the first belt disappeared ill the second and
third, but through them all wero found the
poppies, dryas, buttercups, dandelions and
grass growing in profusion wherever they
could gain a foothold iu wet or dry places,
or in the crevices of the rocks, and tbey
were even found sometimes in tho molted
spots on the great inland ice itself, and
often they buried old-time glaciers in a
mass of green, Tho vegetation was due to
the warm summers and the continued daylight which began in April and ended in
September���tho summer beginning in tho
middle of May and lasting until the middle
of August.
Mr, Iltill'y���" Ves; 1 insisted I was going
to smoke all over the house, and my wife
said I couldn't smoke anywhere except in
tlie library." Miss Ford���" And how did
yon fix ii up !" Mr, Hulfy���" Oh���or���wo
compromised, I've given up smoking altogether."
After d spirit of discernment, the next
rarosl things In the world aro diamonds and
On n rocont day n cabman look to Now
��� io tl ind Yard n parcel i li in his vohi :lo
... in, h was discovi i'i il lo con-
��� i n e iiiritios to the \ duo of Cl.1,000.
i " 11 ��� i ro I limed by a stoi kbrokor, and
th ��� honesl cabman was r. warded with i'7.">.
: hi b ' v, 'v to itop the pain from a
bum or sc 'hi when tin kin bus been taken
i'ii' is to bn nl nn og ��� ovi i thi wound, Tlie
ng ai iscs largely from tho exposure to
the air, and tho while ol the egg forms an
artificial skin or covering, whioh for a time
effectually prevents contact with the uirf
and so lessens the irritation of llie nerves,
Cupt. Hiiiiiltis Sees a Illalrlct Jusl Iti-Ioii-
nml After (he Mosul Kiildrd II.
When ('apt. Dundas went to Mount
Kenia in East Africa recently, he ascended
the Tana Kiver in his stern-wheel steamboat a distance of ,'J50 miles. After he left
his steamer and was making his overland
march to the great mountain, he had an
opportunity to gcta vivid idea of tho tieice
Masai on their raids. The country, he was
crossing was wholly unexplored. He reached a laud called the Mbe country, a beautiful region of hills and cultivated valleys,
He found the people hard-working and industrious, and they evinced a most friendly
feeling toward the Europeans. Thc poople
were prosperous and happy. The soil was
rich and the fields fruitful.
Passing on to the adjoining distrietof
Kikuyn, the explorer met many natives
who were terribly excited over tlie arrival
in the eastern part of their country of the
dreaded Masai. They said the enemy was
burning their villages and carrying off all
the women and cattle. Capt. Dundas
could see to the northwest great volumes of
smoke, indicating tho route taken by the
raiders. The explorer continued his
course along the crest of a range of hills
running toward tho gre.it mountain, Suddenly I e camo into view ol tho Masai, who
were in the valley below. They wcre upward of SOO strong. Their broad spears
glistened in the sun, and they wcre marching in serpentine fashion toward the region
from which he had just come. As his
caravan numbered only sixty men, fifty of
whom were porters and not available as
soldiers, lie knew that if lie was attacked by the Masai his party might bo an
Suddenly the Masai halted and plainly
showed by their actions that they had seen
the explorer's party. Hc caused his men to
spread out in a skirmish line, thus hoping
to deceive the Masai as to his numbers.
His manoeuvre apparently had the desired
effect, us, after a short delay, the Masai
moved on.
A week later Capt. Dundas returned from
the mountain by the same route. A terrible
sight met his gaze when he again reached
the fertile Mbe country, which was all
peaco and sunshine when he had passed
through it a few Hays before. Now, instead
of prosperous villages and fields of grain, he
saw only smoking ruins and tho bodies of
old men, women and children half burned
lying in all directions. Heie and there a
few persons were Been with their heads
buried in their hands, pictures of hopeless
misery, scarce noticing the passage of the
caravan. When Dundas questioned homo
of these unhappy beings, they told him that
tho Masai had arrived at dawn one morning
and had begun spearing and burning all before them. They went through the district like u whirlwind, carrying off some 250
women and a large number of cattle. Only
a few ot the people succeeded in escaping to
the mountains. One old chief implored
Dundas "to make medicine," or, in other
words, to prevent the Masai returning by
occult processes, in which he supposed the
European to be proficient. He also asked
that some of tho whites be sent to live in
his country and help his people protect
themselves ngain?t further attacks.
The Masai raise many cattle, but they
depend for a large supply of their stock
upon these raids. There is no tribe in East
Africa, except the Somalia and (lallas, who
can withstand their onset. They tire the
most feared of human beings throughout
the regions which thoy periodically
devastate. They live entirely upon their
cattlo, the flesh and milk supplying practically all their food. Thc women they
capture are divided among tho warrior.",
and there is a large admixture of the blood
of other tribes in tho Masai ot to-daj.
One of the reasons given for building the
railroad from the coast to Victoria Nyanza
is that the enterprise will put an end to
these terrible raids. It is asserted by all
who have practical knowledge of white
enterprises in East Africa that the legions
which are now thc scenes of these cruel outrages will be entirely freed from them and
opened to European trade as soon as the
proposed railroad is built.
The Oameron Highlander.
Following upon a public moeting hold in
Glasgow, the Highland Society of London
convened a meeting in tho metropolis of protest against thc proposal to convert the 79th
Cameron Highlanders into a battalion of
Scots Guards. The meeting was held at the
Scottish hall, Crane Court, Fleet street, ou
the 4th inst. The war oflico authorities do
not seem to comprehend thc force of public
opinion whioh thoir action in this matter has
aroused. Tho Highland Society has already
received cordial promises of support from
many Scottish noblemen interested in tho
regiment; and us the other national societies
in London aro associated with the movement there is every reason to believe that
tho protest will bo sullicient to mako Mr.
Cainpbell-Bannornian hesitate before carrying out a change so totally opposed to national sentiment.
An Abomination to tho Liquor Traffic
A Liverpool publican has been charged
with aelling intoxicating liquor to three
littlo girls, whose ages ranged from 11 to 12
Tho miserable children arc desoribed as
dwarfish, shrunken and stunted, and no
wonder. Twice within a quarter of an
hour, fluid oneof them, the) went to
public hoiiBii and regaled on "half a rum,
half a whiskey, and hnlf a port wine'' Tho
defence wns us palhotio as llie rest of tho
oase,  "iheir appoaranco, owing to poverty
or somo other cause, had made thom look
prematurely old."
Mr. Edison thinks that ovonlually nil
ncwspiipurs will bo sot up by a combination
of tho phonograph and typo-sottlllg ma-
I'hino, I'', liters, ho says, will read off into
phonographs till the copy br i iirhl in, editing as thoy go along. Tho compositor will
put the cylinder with his " tako" on another phi graph, and,  li toning to tho
dictation of the maohino, will trail
directly by the koysol tho mo ihauioal typesetter,
A now ���;" in "' : lulling I it i i'-
,. hin ' Mot i sign
can h oonl lampson I     llnahal i le
of trausluconl matori il, win ox bited to
military experts in U n I"" Inst we 1; by tlie
inventor, Uric S, I! tco, Incn i
lumps, it was shown, oould 1"' u od in the
hydrogen contents of i balloon with per-
(out n'ti'iv. Tin' Anri point olalmod for
tho device is that ii secures mi elevation
beyond the capacity of oilier means,
Heath uTa Itei'liiao Who Mfpt In a lnlllu
ami 1.1 veil III..' a fig.
A dispatch from Hanover, Pa., says :
"Mr. Jacob Muinnia, the recluse, died on
Sunday evening at his residence on the York
road, abont one mile from Hanover. Since
184S hc was away but once from his strange
and dreary place of abode, and on this occasion, between 1 SS 1 and 1SSS, he visited
England, and while there received a patent
on a watch und was oBered $80,030 for the
right, but he wanted 8100,000, and got
nothing. This, in connection witli a love
affair disappointment, preyed on his mind
to such an extent that he became decidedly
eccentric and decided to retire from society
and livo by himself. He would only see a
few people who had business with him, and
these were limited to rive. In early life ho
mingled in society and enjoyed hiinaeli and
worked on his father's farm.
"His father, Samuel Mumma, who died
about seven years ago, owned lhe place
where be died, consisting of a farm, containing over 100 acres, a three-story brick
mill, widely known as Mumma's mills, and
a two-story, roomy dwelling house. On his
death it became the property of Jacob and
his brother, Samuel li, who died about one
year ago, when it became tlic property of
Jacob. Since then he sold tbe farm to
Samuel Bare, who has been living in the house
up to bis doiith. Bills were out for sale of
the mill property ou Saturday last, but the
sale was postponed on account of Mr. Mum-
mi's illness. He had three rooms iu tho
bouse reserved for his apartments.
"In Winter hc would live entirely in
tin cellar, 8 by 10 feet. Here ho would eat
and sleep and in the Summer time he would
occupy a room on the second lloor and ono
above that ou the third. He went from
one room to the other by the aid ofa ladder,
having holes cut through the floor and ceilings, never going in any other part of tho
house. Often at night he would come forth
from his haunt and stroll over the farm in
order to see that all was well and at the
same time get a little fresh air and exercise.
Some years ago he had a casket made in
which he wanted to be buried. He had
some time ago imagined that rats and mice
might get at him while asleep and had high
stilts put to the casket, getting in and out
with a ladder. He had a tin box nude and
left ir. care of tho undertaker in which he
wanted to be buried. He had no use for a
doctor, preacher or barber. His hair was
very long."
The IIulill   Haa. t'rown  I pin 1 lum nod
Hie) Ktral Eastern Opium Eaters,
Thc anti-opium party will be greatly surprised to hear that laudauum drinking in
excessive quantities is quite common in some
parts of England. We assume that this will
come to them as news, feeling assured tint
if they were aware of the fact they would
endeavor to pluck this mote out of the British eye before seeking to remove the beam
from thc Asiatic optic. We would commend
to them, theteforc, the revelations at a
coroner's inquest held the other day ot
Sunderland on a respectable woman who
had accidentally poisoned herself with an
overdose of laudanum.
A chemist deposed that he had been in
the habit of supplying her regularly for
thirty years, At first, one drachm a day
sufficed, but tho quantity gradually increased until at the time of hor death three
ounces of the drug only lasted her for nine
days. It may be thought, perhaps, that this
case is exceptional. But the Coroner's remarks forbid that comforting idea : hc asserted as a fact within his owu knowledge
that laudanum drinking is a common practice among Sunderland women.
Nor is it confined to that town ; country
clergymen tell of its e.xistenoe in many other
places, and deplore its terrible consequences.
It behoves the anti-opium crusaders, then,
to move Parliament to include laudanum
among those poisons whose sale is placed
under stringent restrictions. That is the
remedy suggested by the Sunderland Coroner, and it seems to be about the best within roach. There is a want of consistency,
to say the least, in fencing round tlie sale
of other poisons with all manner of legislative precautions, while allowing laudanum
to be bought wholesale by all comers.
Back from the Deact-
A romantic episode has just occurred at
Wivenhoe, says an English paper. Seven
years ago Henry Chancy went to sea as a
member of the crew of the Iron jpo'.is, which
sailed from London on Friday, 3rd March,
1880. Soon aftor sailing the ship got on to
the rocks, and was lost. Some of the crew
survived, and Mr. Chuney's father, who
lived at Greenwich, saw several of then,
and was told that Chancy was among the
lost. Every inquiry was made, but no trace
of the missing iniin appearing, he was believed to be " drowned at sea.' The Prudential Insurance Company, the Fishermen's
Aid Society, and the Foresters, having
received the necessary proofs, paid the insurance money, and Mrs. Chaney set to
work to maintain her children, Struggling
bravely against poverty till they were ablo
to do something for themselves. One Sun-
day last spring one of tlie daughters camo
Imme and said she was sure she had seen
lur fathor in the street, and another of the
girls who came in afterwards had the same
story to tell. Mrs. Chancy could not believe il, nnd told the girls not to mention it,
tor Ir ir of people laughing at them, Nothing
more was hoard or seen of the stranger until quite recently Mi<j Fanny Chaney, who is
maid to n lady ol title In London, wrote
homo to .-��� iy iii it she had in-', her father in
��� troi'. md that i a ih had r mgnised '.ho
er,   Soon    torcam ti r fi nn the
'   ni in :   " Vy doat wil ,     ��� wn te,
" I now ' i    '    i writing to vou
light years, W   .'       ip v    w
I, os you I       , fas pi p by a
passing r and taken to B      Is In
firmary,      If ylum,
where I hi when I
worked      passage to Loml
. .    i
Upoko  to
tal mci ting
wn lira
causo ol .    '   : I  bad not
��� i'..ini y,'.',. gh
boon n lmpii;. ��� i  with my wifo and
ohildren,' Mr. EL Adair arrived np from
Ball's Landing yesterday.
Mrs. Sheriff Redgrave is very
slowly recovering from her long and
dangerous illness.
Dr. MrLean hopes to commence
f'ispensini*; drngs, etc., in his new
building next Tuesday.
Sing Lee, a Chinese, was examined
by Drs, Brett and Herbert, on 2nd
March and pronounced a lunatic.
(Sheriff Redgrave had Iho man sent
to New Westminster Lnnatic Asylum
last hatnrdav.
A Second California.
J. M, Davis, a San Franc'sco capitalist, who enme here to invest in
mining properties, has spoken bis
mind freely to the representatives of
tbe press since he returned home ;
" I have travelled over a considerable portion of Rritish Columbia,
and I think that country will yet
prove a second California sn far as
lho preoirns minerals nre concerned.
In the Selkirk range and the Kootenay country and Big Bend of the
Columbia there are untouched bonanzas greater than the CooMock of
Nevada or those of Leadville. There
are rioh gold mines in Cariboo and
Stickeen country and as far north as
the Arctio ooean. Tbey aro Americans, however, who are developing
the mineral resources of British
Colnmbia. The younger generation
Tip there is all right, but the old
fellows who hold the pnrse strings
follow too closely the conservative
English customs "to keep pace with
the more enterprising Americans."
From tlio Western Milling Co. of Regina.
This company nt present find t.honwlros compelled to Dorri.**! tiie size
of their miu, the demand for their flour having so largely increased.
Tho wheat reaped on the Regina plains Inst harvest wns pronounced tho
best between Winnipeg and Tire Mocntains, special Samples being
secured for tho World's Fair at Chicago.
Flour made frim this quality of wheat is the article Mr. Robson is now
offering to the inhabitants of Revelstoko and district.
Patent Hungarian, StroDg Baker's. Oats, Shorts. Bran,
Chopped Feed, Boiled Oats, Granulated
Oatmeal, Wheat, Hay, &c.
New Spring Goods,
Wo nre showing a complete rango of Men's, Ladies', Misses' and Children's
Boots and Shoes, and we have
Prints Coming.
Also R largo stock of Cottons, Muslins, Dress Goods, Laces nnd Trimmings,
Art Muslins, Chambrays, Carpets, Matting and Art Squares,
This Spring will bo the best and most varied stock ovor shown bore, and our
priceB tho lowest ever offered.
Always seo Robson's prices beforo buying olsowhere.
They will bo the
Northwest Nomenclature.
Six ways of spelling: Lardeau.
The Spokane Review, in an interesting article on the above subject,
"With the view of establishing a
rnle for the orthography of the name
of that mining country, which is destined soon to acquire a world-wide
fame, a Review reporter instituted
nn investigation. A diversity of
opinion was encountered, bnt only
one gentleman approached on the
unbjeot could, give a satisfactory explanation of his theory. He is a
civil engineer, a college gradnate
and a linguist. He speaks the pure
French language with fluency and
understands the provincialism and
all the slang growing ont of the
Babel-like jargon of French Canadians, Americans and Indians during
the Hudson's Bay period. He says
tho word Turdeau,' translated into
English, signifies 'the water.' As
the word was first applied as the
nn me of the river Lardean, tbis explanation seems altogether plausible,
ta bile there seems to be no good
reason for affixing an x, unless it is
resigned to describe the region in
1h�� plural sense, as sometimes occurs
in referring to tbo Coenr d'Alenes.
)n the light of this information the
B view will continue iu force the
rule hitherto adopted and spell the
name 'Lardean,'"
Tbis corroborates onr way of spelling the word, which is very much
prettier than tbe "Lardo" used by
onr Nelson contemporaries.
The Farmer and Politics.
Tbe prosperity of farming to-day
depends more on tbe methods he
employs than on govornment rule.
Take seeds for example. Many
farmers who are alive tn their nwn
interests in other things are oareless
in buying Beeds. lliey seem to
think that a seed is a seed and there
it ends. If there were more knowledge about seeds and greater care
exercised in their selection, there
Wonld be richer crops and better returns.
Realizing this D. M. Ferry k Co.,
the famous seed firm of Windsor,
Ont,, Lave embodied in tbeir Illus-
t ated Annual for 1893, much valuable information about seeds and
their selection, It contains the
knowledge gleaned from munv years
practical experience in the seed business, and the newest and best tilings
abont gardens and gardening. Snch '
a book issued by a firm of unquestioned reliability is of the highest
value to every one who plants a seed.
Altlmngh the cost of printing anil
embellishing it with beautiful illustrations has been great, it is saint
free to any nno making application
to the al.ove firm.
Heading* for West Kootenay.
���Some of those coming*.���
Kaslo will g*et the cream.
At Spokane, and in fact all nlong
tbe line, there are thousands of
miners, prospectors, merchants and
gamblers waiting to go in. The
latter are provided with faro tables,
dice boxes, cards and other tools of
their trade, whilo the miners have
the necessary tools to take ont the
precions metals. The miners who
have beon shut ont of work on account of the closing of tho Coenr
d'Alene mines are all heading for
If only a few of the productive
mines tnrn ont any good at all, the
district will be tbe greatest mining
camp on the continent.
A. proprietor of a variety theatre
in Spokane is building a theatre in
Nelson, which will be opened as
soon as the orowd arrives.���Victoria
Eevelstoke Station Post Office.
Revelstoke Pharmacy
Tuesday,  March   21st.
America's Famous  Humorist,
companied bt
the well nnd favorably known Basso
CanUmto and Guitar Soloist,
will appear in
Admission, 50c; Reserved Seats, $1;
Children half price.
EnterttiiniriMnt at eight o'clock.  Free
'bus will leave station at 7.30.
Tickets on sale at Post-office and at
Bailway Station.
W. J. LAW,
Merchant Tailor,
(Near C.P.R. Station)
Pa . C
English Worsteds,Scotch and
Iri-li Tweeds and Serges
Kootenav Lake
g. o.
A floral COOK at Tappen Siding.
Wiitr.-H $60 per month. Applj to
Oekxlle Bros., Tappen Biding,
TWENTY MEN to lond ties at
Notch Hill,   Wages $2,00 per day,
Board 14.60  per week    A]>p!y tol
Genklle linos., Tappen Siding,
Is hereby givon, (lint, (ill persons
nre prohibited from nutting wooil on
limber Bertha N'os. 112 mnl 118,
BJltiated   on   the   west,   side   of   llu.
Colnmbia Itiver, commencing nt, the
mnrgiii of the railway belt,, abont
twenty miles south of nevolstoke, nnd
fronting on the said river six miles
north by one mile in depth. Any
person culling or taking timber from
those berths after thifl date will be
-Revelatoke, March Hth, IW.
Large Stocks n lum d.
Preparations are heing made for the
Great llniMuicr Boom of IH03.
In obedience to a writ of Fi Fa issued
out of the Supreme Court of British
Columbia, dated the Hth day of
February, le!93, nnd to mo directed
in the above-named suit for the sum
of $10,481.23, and $3.50 for costs
of execution, etc., and also interest
on $10,458.34:, at 6 per cent, pr
annum, from the 20th day of January, 1893, until payment, besides
sheriff's foes, poundage, and all
other expenses of this execution,
I have eoized and will SELL by
PUBLIC AUCTION tbe following
GOODS on THURSDAY, the 2nd
day of March, 1893, at the Kootenay
(B.C.) Smelting k Trading Syndicate
I Limited) works, near Revelstoke,
B.C., nt 12 o'clock noon, to satisfy
the judgment debt and costs iu this
action, if the said amounts ore not
sooner paid,
1 stationary hoisting engine and
hoisting gear.
1 stationary engine nnd fixtures in
lower engine-room.
1 fan blast anil fixtures.
1 Gurney scale, capacity 3,500 lbs.
1 large stationary engine.
1 steam pump.
5 iron wheelbarrows.
2 large oil tanks, with pnmps,
2 jack screws,
50 feet rubber hose,
50 feet bund iron.
200 feet hemp rope,
5 boxes window glass.
17 slug pots, small.
2    "     ��    large.
16 moulds, quantity crushed ore,
wire rope, charcoal and coke, number
metal castings, pulleys, belts, 200
pigs bullion, etc.
Sheriff of Kootenay.
Eevelstoke, Feb. 20th, 1893.
Stoves, Tinware, Crockery, Glassware. Carpets.
Doors, Window*), Builders' Hardware, Paints, Oils, Varnishes.
Bakery in connection with Store.
Messrs. C. B. Hume & Co,,
Revelstoke Station*
Consignment of Butter and Eggs received every week.
The above Sale is ndjonnifirl till
WedKBSDAT, the 8th rlay of March,
1H06, at same place aod hour.
B, REDGBAVE, Sheriff.
The above nale is further adjourned
to Mokdat, the 27th day of March,
nt the same place aod Lour,
8. REDGRAVE, Sheriff.
Do yon Write for the Papers?
If yon do, you flhould havo THE
a Tott Bof.k for CorrMpondentfl, Re>
porters, Editors and General Writers,
117 Nassau Street, New York, N. Y,
Hiatal whnrt, joti savt tliln anil yon will rn-
OPlvnaliandwirnnllthfiKrapli for framlnK.
Railway Men's Requisites.
Mining and Real Estate Broker and General
Commission Agent
MINING CLAIMS Bought and Sold.
agent for TRODT LAKE CITY, K4SL0 CITY, NAKUSP and other
COPYRIGHT*,   oto.
For Informallnn anil fr��r. n���n.1i,��,k write In
MI;N,N A CO, 901 Illt.aAI.WA IT. Nf.W V<lll|-.
(IMpal human fM Mooring imli.iilH In Amnrlca.
Ki-t-.ry MUrpt tfakcra out, In/ , is i.rontfit, h,.fr,r<<
tho pulilio I1111 notion Klviiii fmn r,f ohorKo lu tlio
fwntific lietai
G/   ��
Uwostfllmiii.il i.,o nf imrwIi.nMlK* paper In tha
worR Hi;I��icllilir ninHiriii.��i. m, Inlelilaeat
man nnonUl bo without It. Woi'kla K't in a
joari nMxgmlU  *,���,,,m|Wn A('(>
Wagons anrl all kinds of
Vehicles Repaired.
Shoeing" a Specialty.
"    tf
A K E 1
tl   .
1 5
m   c   *8
I   I    ��
|   3 i>
c bo
1  "> s
5  M
O  ���
0 0
��   41
���o -
�� w
a ��
���3 h
���H hn
Furniture & Undertaking,
Has a large Stock of Household Furniture, Coffins, Caskets,
Shrouds. &c.
REVELSTOKE,    B.C. rrvtrwwmmm
Thoro Is always a stitch to make,
And always a stop to take;
There is always a link to And,
And always a sheaf to bind;
Thoro is always a pago to read,
And always a path to weed;
Thero is always a rift to mend,
Ayo, and always a hue to blend.
Thoro is always the weight of care,
And tho cold harsh blame to boar;
Thoro is always tho toar unshed,
And the gentle word unsaid:
There is always tho doubt, tho foar,
And always tlio scorn, the joor,
Those littlo things, oh patient soul,
Mako up lifo's grand life's wondrous whole.
Family Finanos3<
If there is any one thing in which a kind
and conscientious husband errs, it is more
than likely to be in regard to his treatment
of his wife in money matters. The very
best men have the little weakness of liking
to hold the family purse strings, and to pay
out everything themselves. Of course this
does not refer to those whose wives are self-
supporting, cither through inhcritenco or
from their own work, but to husbands
whose wives have to look to them for overy
cent they spend. This is not at all owing
to sellishness or parsimony, but merely to
though tlossnoss and to man's inherent incapability to see things from a woman's poiut
of view. However wise and far-sighted a
man is in othcr things he is apt to lose his
judgment when it comes to family finances.
Accustomed to dealing with largo sums in
httsiness, he will mako allowance for larger
general expenses, but cannot realize lhe
hundred and one little wants of lho household, of his wife's toilet, and that of thn
children, and yot it is these little items,
perhaps only a few cents at a time, that
make a woman doubt her own arithmetic
when she sees how many dollars they foot
up at the bottom of a page in her account
book���and if she does not keep such an account ahe is sure to be constantly under the
delusion that she has lost some of her
Sit is these small things that are "the little foxes that spoil the vines," and yet they
are too trilling to be taken into account when
calculating the outlay for the household.
And so a man often wonders how his wife
spends so much money without having more
to show for it. He conatantly calls her his
"better half," and yet thinks she is not half
so wise or prudent as he id, and considers
her an irresponsible being whom it is not
safe to trust with money. He does not
mind giving her occasionally a diamond ring,
or pin, or bracelet, though he will look surprised, or perhaps a little cross, if she asks
for one-fourth of the sum for the children's
clothes or to replenish the china closet. One
thing that uo man seems to understand is
that it is humiliating to a woman to have to
ask for money, no matter how willingly he
gives it. She will usually defer the hated
moment in the hope that it will occur to
him to give it without waiting for her to
ask for it; and, if he is accustomed to be so
unreasonable as to makeany scene about giving it, she will often do without an absolute
necessity while trying to find courage to
prefer her request. All this is avoided by
givin % her a certain allowance, and paying
it with the same punctuality that any other
business transactions demand.
Avoid drumming with the fingers or the
feet; it is the height of impoliteness.
If in doubt at any time as|to what is proper, lollow the example of others of more
Patiently await the coming of your turn;
do not follow with the eyea the food served
to others.
Never unnecessarily handle the dishes, or
in any other manner exhibit nervousness or
Do not feel obliged to " clean up the
especially do not make a laborious
display of doing so.
Do not ask for any particular part of a
fowl, or similar dish, unless asked your
preference; in that case always indicate
something, and if there be really no choice,
designate the portion rith whioh the host
can most conveniently render service.
If the handkerchief must be used, let it
be very quietly; in case that is notpossible,
leave tho table for a moment, which may be
done in case of a sharp attack of coughing,
sneezing, or the like, without asking permission, the cause being manifest.
Oannod Vegetables-
Some of the canned and dried vegetables
make healthful ami economical changc3 for
the table. These vegetables should be
treated with great care. Canned peas ami
string beans should bo turned from the cau
into a strainer and rinsed by pouring cold
water over them. Asa rule, these vege-
tables are cooked enough in thecanning.and
when to be served should ouly be thoroughly heated and properly seasoned. The
simplest and best way of preparing these
two vegetables is to add to a can of vegetables, after being rinsed, one large teaspoonful of butter, one of sugar, one level
teaspoonful of salt and one gill of hot water.
Place on the fire and do not cook for more
than ten minutes.
Canned corn is excellent if prepared in this
manner: Turn the corn into the double
boiler and add half a pint of milk, one teaspoonful of salt and one tablespoonful of
butter. Place on the fire until thoroughly
heated���say for about ten minutes, It ruins
corn to be over-cooked.
Dried Lima beans are a delicious vegetable. Soak half a pint over night in cold
water. The next day drain off the water
and rinse the beans in fresh water. Put them
on the fire in one quart of fresh wator and
cook slowly for two hours. Pouroff all the
water except about a gill; then season with
a level teaspoonful of salt and a tablespoonful of butter, and cook ten minutes longer.
Another way is to pour off all the water
and add a gill of milk and the seasonings;
the cooking to be continued for ten minutes.
The cooked corn and beans may be mixed
just before being served, and making a
delicious succotash. There is almost no end
to the uses to which canned tomatoes can
be put for soups, sauces, entrees ��� and as a
vegetable they are of great value. The
store-closet should never be without a fow
cans of this useful vegetable.
An Ironing; Aid-
It's strange how things comoabout.some-
times; how if oue oniy has her eyes and
ears open, as the saying goes, a poison cau
see or hear something lhat may be very
helpful in the future, if it is only remembered,
I feel like telling of a call I made a while
ago, hoping that what 1 then learned may
benefit someone else. My so-called "help"
having left me with scarcely a word of
warning, I had bread to bake; all ol us
preferring homemade bread above the
baker's. As my six nice loivos were ready
for the oven, I set my stove dampers right,
added a little coal, pushed the dough into
the warm oven and shut the door with a
satisfied little bang, and thought, "Theic
you are for OLewhole hour."
Then I took some light work and ran
across the street, to sit and chat with one
of my neighbors while my bread was bak.
ing. She was doing her starched ironing.so
I told her to keep right on and not stop j
because I could stay only a few minutes,
and 1 would sit dowu at the end of her
ironing table, where I should be out of tlio
way. She liked my plan and kept on with
her work.
After a little, something about her motions attracted my attention, and 1 let my
hands rest idly in my lap, while I watched
her hands Ily. Article after article was
made smooth and shining and put by, with
very litlle effort, seemingly, At last she
shook out and spread on the ironing
table a tine, white linen apron, for one of
her littlo girls. It looked as though it
might "stick"a little, as thero was here
and thore a little stariih sticking to it. I
noticed, as sho took her iron from the gasoline stove, she gavo it a rub or two on a
cloth, at her right hand. It was very much
browned by usage, and sont up a terrible
smoke. Then sho ironed that apron as easy
as possible.
Well ! I was astonished, and said, " I
would liko lo know why your llatirnn did
not stick ono bit?" She looked pleased and
said, "Oh! don't you know? Why, Ialways,
when I om getting ready to do my ironing,
put somo kerosene on that cloth and rub
every iron on it, as I take it from the stove
and nothing ever sticks, I had rather iron
the starched things than anything else."
I went homo thinking it was wonderfnl
how much good a little koroseno could do.
I tried tho next timo 1 ironed and have always used it since. Some may think I found
my bread burnt, hut it was beautifully baked.
Table Manners for Children-
Drink from thc cup���never from the saucer.
Teaspoons are left in the saucer, not in
the cup.
Littlo ohildren ouly havo tho napkin arranged us a bib.
Making a noiso, in either eating or drinking, is vulgar.
Always cheerfully defer to older people
and to gliosis,
Rat Klowly, and do not lill the mouth
with largo quantities.
Mat tho fnoi' served, or qulolly leave il
upon the plate without remark,
Oonoerning Oatmeal-
Oatmeal Bread.-Boil half a pint of oatmeal thoroughly iu salted water and add to
it three-fourths of a pint of milk ; mix in
carefully one and a half pints of sifted flour
with three teaspoonfuls of baking powder
and half a teaspoonful of salt. Grease the
bread pan well, and bake iu a moderate
Oatmeal Gems.-Mjx with one and a
half teaspoonfuls of finely-ground oatmeal,
half a teacupfttl of cornmeal, ono teacupful
of flour and a teaspoonful of baking powder.
Stir in one tablespoonful of butter, two
tablespoonfuls of sugar, one teaspoonful of
salt and two teacupfttls of milk. Put into
hot tins and bake in a quick oven.
Oatmeal Blsctit. -Rub a round tablespoonful of butter or lard into one quart of
oatmeal flour, and wet it with one pint of
sour milk, in which has heen dissolved one
teaspoonful of soda and one-half teaspoon-
fill of salt. Use enough Hour to roll out to
about one inch in thickness, and bake iu a
quick oven.
Oatmeal Mi-sn.���Into two quarts of
boiliug, salted water, add slowly one and
one-half cupfuls of oatmeal, and stir for a
few minutes ; then set in a kettle of boiling
water and boil three hours. Serve with
cream and sugar. Raisings added to the
above make a delicious dish.
Oatmeal CBISPS.-One cupful of oatmeal
nearly halt a teaspoonful of salt j mix together dry ; cover with cold water and let
stand halt an hour. Drain off the water ami
drop by spoonfuls on a tin, spreading as thin
as possible. Bake until brown and crisp ;
do nolscorch.
Oatmeal Blancmange, - A delicious
blancmange is made by stirring two heaping tablespoonfuls of oatmeal into a little
cold water ; stir into a quart of boiling
milk ; flavor, and pour into molds to cool.
Serve with cream and sugar.
Oatmeal Oraokbrs.���Wet one pint of
fine oatmeal with one gill of water ; add a
little salt; work it a few minutes with a
spoon, until you can make it into a mass;
placo it on a board well covered with dry
oatmeal ; make as compact as possible, roil
out carefully lo one-sixth of an inch thick,
and cut into squares with a knife. Bake in
a very Blow oven. A nice addition is two
heaping spoonfuls of desiccated ooooanut,
Oatmeal Mi'mss.���Two cupfuls of sour
milk, one tcaspooiful of soda, two teaspoonfuls, of sugar, a little salt, and oatmeal flour to make a moderately thick
batter. Stir the soda into the milk, and
beat a few minutes before adding the othor
ingredients. Bake in hot,. well-buttered
gem pans. Well-beaten egg add to the
batter improves it, but it is nice without,
Oatmeal (ream Pie.���Make the crust
dough after the recipe given for crackers.
Roll thin. Cream tilling.���Beat together
one tablespoonful of flour, one egg and a
half a cupful of sugar ; add one cupful ot
rich milk : sprinkle grated nutmeg over all,
or flavor with lemon or vanilla. Bike with
lower crust only. Any pie requiring but
ono crust may be made with aatmeal,
Care must be laken not to scorch the crust
while i hc contents of the pie are cooking.
ROLLED Oats.���One pint of rolled oats, a
littlo sail, and enough boiling water to
cover, Cook in a custard kettle or in a
small tin wil, set in a kettle of boiling
water for half an hour. Stir often. Serve
with cream and sugar. This is nicer for
breakfast than the oatmeal, as it is so
quickly cooked.
Finland has women builder*.
Canada has ibout 14,000 miles of railroad,
Greek wines nearly all turn to vinegar in
summer. .
The Romans built the first dykes in Holland,
Chess is claimed to be taught in all the
Austrian public schools.
In Chinaevety village has its theatre;
every city his several.
It is said that ths Chinese will soon control the shoemaking trade in California.
In the industry of cigar making girls
engaged at piece work earnfrom Us. t o��l a
week each.
In Samir bee-hivoa hang in tho form
of oblong gourds from the branches of
Celery coffee is a new drink. It is said
to give renewed strength to the brain and
A disease peculiar to Japan is called the
kake. It is believed to be lhe result of eating too much rice.
Tho earliest American theatres were
built at Annapolis and New Voik, 175,'!;
Albany, 1769, and Baltimore, l"";j,
The Queen of Saxony never had any children of her own, but she is very fond of
other people's children, especially if thoy
are pretty.
The money dealt with by the London
Bankers' Clearing-house for the year ended
December ,'il last reached tho stupendous
total of ��6,481,000,000.
A hay saver, consisting of a three-sided
device, which enables the horse to insert
his head into the manger, but does not
permit any lateral movement of it, is a late
Exclusive of worships, SSI vessels with a
total tonnage of 1,109,950 tons, were last
year launched in the United Kingdom.
The output fell short oi that in 1891 by
about "21,000 tons.
Jay Gould's original intention was to be
a oountry editor, but he finally selected
another road by which to reach the immense
fortune which lie had in view from the beginning of his career.
The most indestructible wood is the
Jarrah wood of western Australia, whioh
defies all known forms of decay, and is untouched by all destructive insects, so that
ships built of it do not need to be coppered,
Two freehold premises at Cornhill, opposite the Bank of England, were recently
offered for sale, and the biddings reached
��157,000, when the auotioneer bid ��160,-
000 on behalf of the vendor, and thc estate
was declared not sold.
In Rome there is much talk about an old
beggar who used to frequent the doors of
the Church of the Minerva, and who, dying
lately, was found to be possessed of 100,000
francs, whicli he had left by a properly
drawn up will to his threo children, who
were completely ignorant of their father's
An important step towards tho solution
of the difficulty of finding employment for
old soldiers and sailors has just been taken
by the trustees of the British Museum in
utilising the services of commissionaires for
warding the galleries of the Natural History
Museum, and, in a lesser degree of the
British Museum,
The exact cost of a Cabinet Minister's full-
dress uniform is 120 guineas, and this sum
has been expended lately by the members of the Cabinet who are in office for tho
first time. The cost of the elaborate tunic
is due chiefly to the gold lace, in which it
is simply smothered; but such a tunic lasts
a lifetime, and those of the old Parliamentary hands are often very seedy.
In a town not a hundred miles from London there is preached overy year what is
known as a "drunken sermon." It is a
temporanoj sermon. It was instituted
many years ago by an old, eccentric man,
who bequeathed to the town a public-house
on condition that 40s. '.be deducted from tho
annual rent and given to a minister who
should preach a sermon against the evils of
The professors in the colleges of Spain
are miserably underpaid, often receiving no
more than S'200 per year, They endeavour
lo make a small profit out of their textbooks, each requiring his own book to be
used. These books are frequently in manuscript, or, if printed, are sold at unusual
prices. The students, also poor, resort in
consequence to second-hand shops and the
aunual fair, where a specialty is mado of
collegiate textbooks.
Professor Virohow has analysed "hunger-
brod," the bread eaten by the peasantry in
the famine-stricken districts of Russia, and
finds that it is much more nutritious than
the rye bread made in I lermany. The latter, according to an analysis of bread baked
in Berlin, contains bill 0*0-4 por cont. of
albumen and 0'48 per cent, of fat, whilo
the " htinger-lirod" contains 11 79 per
cent, of albumen ami .'1'79 of fat.
If the Pacific could be laid bare, wosliotild
have a most singular spectacle, Thoro
would ho a number of mountains with
truncated tops scattered over it, and thoso
mountains would have an appearanoe just
the vory reverse of that presented by tho
mountains we see on shore. You know that,
tho mountains on tho shore aro covered wiih
vegetatioji at thoir bases, whilo their tops
are barron or covered with snow ; but these
mountains would be perfectly bare at their
bases, and all round their tops they would
be oovered with beautiful vegetation of
coral polypes.
Most people havo heard of rooms paporod
with postage stamps, but thc following
instinco of patient industry will probably
bo new to many readers. In a Midlantl
county thoro stands an oltl country house
in which most of the apartments are of the
spacious size which was popular with
architects of a century or two ago. Well,
the walls of one of these chambers has been
entirely covered with small shells, arranged
in a pattern resembling roses, and with lhe
smallest distanco possiblo betwoon tho
llowers. This considerable task was accomplished by two persons, a lady and hor
maid. The effect of thoir labours is said to
lie extremely piclitresi|tlo. But they aro
also stated to havo spent somo ten years iu
the employment, and the inevitable question therefore arises, would not lime havo
been bettor occupied even iu tho crochet
work of our grandmothers'.'
lu a pair of line shoes there aro two Sowed
pieces, two inner soles, two stiU'cnings, two
pieces of steel to give a spring to the inslop,
w..up.per.pieceB, ,CJ tacks, 1�� nails in .the,
heels, and twenty buttons, to say nothing
of thread both silk and flax ; but the wonder
is found in the rapidity with which these
multitudinous pieces are combined in a single complete work, for, as an experiment,
some of our shoe factories have from the
leather completed a pair of shoes in less than
an hour and a half, and as a test a single
pair of men's shoes have been finished in
twenty minutes.
One of tho prettiest miscrosoopical studies
is the examination ot the lungs of a plant.
Most people do not know a plant has lungs,
but it has; aud its lungs are in its leaves.
Examined through a high power microscope
every leaf will show thousands upon thousands of openings, infinitely small.of course,
but each provided with lips, which, in
many species, are continually opening and
closing. These openings lead to tiny
cavities in the body of the leaf, and by the
opening and closing of the cavity air is continually passing in and out, so that tho act
of reipiration is continually going on. Tho
sap of the plant is thus purified, just at the
blood of an animal is cleared of impurities
by passing through the lungs, and the
average sized treo will, therefore, in the
courso of a day, do as much breathing as a
Princess Margaret of Prussia was married
standing on ono of tho most interesting bits
of carpet in existence This was worked by
her mother, the Empress Frederick, aud all
her children knelt on it when thoy were
confirmed. Tho present German Emperor,
Prince Henry of Prussia, and the Princesses
Charlotte, Sophia, and Victoria wore married standing upon it, and il served a sadder purpose when tho collin containing the
remains of the late Emperor rested upon it.
Should a history of interesting carpets be
ever written, tho Empress Frederick's
carpel should have au honored place in the
The weight of the King of Denmark as a
ruler may be insignificant in the councils of
Europe, but to his own subjects he bears
the same paternal relationship as does, or
used to do, the wealthy squire to the people
of his own parish, Christian IX. walks
through tho streets of his capital escorted
only by his favourite dog; while the Crown
Prince so far joins in the amusements of the
humbler citizens, as to take his children to
the theatre in the Tivoli Gardens to witness
a variety entertainment, consisting of jugglery, songs, and acrobatic teats; the only
ceremony being the reservation of some
front seats (price one shilling each) for
themselves and their suite, the playing of
the National Anthem on the arrival of the
party, and the firing of a toy cannon outside, which latter performance necessitates
the opening of a window, whether to prevent tho breaking of the glass, or to enable
those in the house to hear tbe report, is
still an open question. As the Royalties
enter, the audience rise and uncover, but as
soon as they are seated, hats are at once
put on, and cigars and punch at once resumed.
Murdered by a Boy-
A Berlin correspondent says:���Some weeks
ago the wife ot a workman who kept a shop
as a small provision deater was found, with
her little child, murdered in a room behind
the shop, and part of her valuables and
money Btolen, On Sunday the murderer
was discovered in the person of a boy of 15
years of age, the son of a workman who
formerly lived in the same house with the
murdered woman. He roused suspicions on
the part of his parents by giving them presents of money and incurring various expenses. He pretended to have earned the
money in his new situation, but his mother
could not rid herself of her doubts, and expressed thom in conversation to neighbours,
Probably through the latter an anonymous
communication was made lo the police. At
first the boy triod to deny everything, but
at last confessed his crime. With cynical
coolness he related tho details of the murder, which he had mado up his mind to commit on New Vear's Day, but postponed till
he had no money, Ho murdered the woman exactly as was described in the press.
He knocked her down with a blow on the
head from a mangle-roller, and then stabbed
her in the neck. "And then?" the young
murderer was askod. "Then it was tho
child's turn. Aftor that I looked about for
money, aud found it, and now I have nothing more to say." When askol why ho
murdered the liltle boy, he coolly answered,
"Oh, it screamed so."
Hr. S. J. ItlleUlc'a   lll.rurlun.'.  Bring; to)
Until Some liiirmiin-c Facts, ..
A despatch from Cleveland, says:���Tlie
entry of dismissal ordered by Judge Hutchinson Monday in Common Pleas Court in
the cases brought by Samuel J. Ritchie, of
Akron 'against the Canadian Copper Company and the Anglo-American Iron Company practically ends litigation that started
on a very extensive basis.
In 1886, largely through the efforts ot
Mr. Ritchie, valuable deposits of copper
and iron in Canada were brought to light
and several wealthy Cleveland capitalists
were induced to become interested in the
project. Two companies were formed.
One was called the Canadian Copper Company and proceeded to develop the rich deposits of copper and nickel at Sudbury,
Ontario, a town on the Canadian Pacific
railway some '.'00 miles east of Sault Ste.
Mario. Tho other corporation was the
Anglo-American Iron Company, which
operated iron mines near Picton, Ontario,
in the Lake Ontario region.
The loading capitalists in these companies
wero H. B, Payne, Stevenson Burke and
C. W. Bingham, of Cleveland, and the late
T. W, Cornell, of Akron. Mr, Ritchie at
first hold one-fifth of the capital slock in
these corporations, but falling into financial
difficulties he lost tills stock, Just how he
lost this stock is a leading question, and the
dismissal of the suits prevents any light on
the subject. Mr. Ritchie made charges of
various kinds and entered suit against other
members of the companies, Under the law
a stockholder of any corporation holding
one-fifth or more of tlie capital Btook has
the right to petition the court for a dissolution of the company. This was what Mr.
Ritchie did, but his attorneys, recognizing
that he no longer held the requisite amount
of stock, allowed the case to be dismissed.
These suits involved a very large amount
of money, running into the hundreds of
The copper company is proving a rich investment for the stockholders, as the mines
yield not only very good copper, but abo
nickel. For many years the famous Calumet
and Hecla mines on Lake Superior have
been the greatest producers of copper ia
tho world aud made millions of dollars for
the fortunate investors. Within later
years, however, the Anaconda mines around
Anaconda and Butte, Mont., have been
producing better than the Calumet. The
Canadian Copper Company has entered into
the field in a smaller way, but is making
steady advances. The ore is first smelted
to about 95 per cent, pure at the mines and
then brought to this city, where it is refined
at the company's largo works near Brooklyn.
There are still pending in the United
States court two inits against Mr. Ritchie,
brought by James B. and George W. Me-
Mullen, of Picton, Ontario, with whom
Ritchie had a railway deal, as a result of
which they obtained a judgment for $285,-
307 against him, but have never been able
to collect it. Owing to Ritchie being connected with the two companies the other
stockholders were brought in as defendants,
so that litigation seams almost endless.
However, when all legal entanglements are
swept aside, as Judge Burke, who never
stops until he wins, declares they soon shall
bo, tho companies will havo two line properties in an almost unoccupied field to
reward them for their daring investments.
Mora Fighting in Burinali-
Captain Atkinson, who is acting against
the Kachins in tho Sima district, reports
that the operations of tho Palip columns
havo been attended with complete success.
Tho enemy's position was attacked from
both sides by Captain Atkinson and Lieutenant Drover. The former ollicer forced
his way at the head of his men through tho
fence of a strong stockade, and, orawling
ovor thc roof of a block-hottso between the
loopholes, leaped inlo tho midst of the
Kachins, who were taken by surprise, and
drove them out. Tho position was carried
in brilliant stylo. Thirteen of the enemy
were killed, whilo the British loss was two
killed and six wounded. According to intelligence telegraphed from Laslllo under
dale the -lib inst,, a party of 15 men. under
Lieutenant French Mullen and the native
ollicer Gopal Singh, wont to Moungyin on
the '2nd inst. They found the placo occii-
piod by 200 Kachins, who resisted tho
British forco. They wero, however, driven
out with the loss of 11 killod. There wero
no casualtios on lho British sido,
Four Persons Seriously Injured and Vain,,
aide Property Greatly Damage :l.
A Niagara Falls despatch says:���A terrible explosion occurred yesterday afternoon
in the manufactory of the Ontario Silver
Company at Humberstone. Natural gas is
used for fuel in the manufactory and it was
due tn carelessness that the accident happened. Four persons were seriosly injured and
one probably fatally. Natural gas is used
in the furnaces, Owing lo the change in the
weather the moisture in gas pipes and meter
occasioned considerable trouble and while
flushing the regulator quantities of gas escaped into the factory. 1*. was thought that all
the burners in the retorts had been extinguished, but such proved not to be lhe case
aud suddenly, without warning, a terrible
explosion occurred. Those injure I wore:
Leonard .McGlashan, manager: Delford
Utt, engineer of plant, of Humberstone, and Bert Fraser, a boy cm-
ployed in the works, also a Mr. Bell-
ford, an insurance agoni, ot Humberstone,
who had called to see Mr. MeGlashen,
The men were all burned about the head,
face and hands. Mr. MuGlashen was frightfully injured, His hair was ali burned off
and his eyes and features were swollen up
to twice iheir usual size. It is feared he
cannnot recover. , His arms up to the
elbows arc a mass of blisters. Utt, the
engineer, escaped with the lightest injuries. Belford and the boy Fraser, are confined to bed to-day mid are Buffering great
agony. Mr. McGlashen's wife is with him
and every effort is being made to save his
life. The damage to the building, which is
a large one, is quite extensive. It was lifted
from the foundations and moved several
feet. Every window was broken ami the
interior badly wrecked. The plant cost
over (75,000, It is thought, however, that
the valuable maohlnory is not muoh injured. Dr. Claik went to Huinberstcnc to-
day and on lm return reported the men as
vory sciiously injured.
A Curious Transformation of Br,i-s-
A curious incident has boon noticed lu connection with lho brass condonsor-tuboj of a
foreign cruiser. The pipos, after being in use
for moro than 12 months, wero found to have
experienced a peculiar change. In many
places the metal had boon, it appears, converted into almost pure copper of a spongy
texture, the zinc of the alloy having completely disappeared. An investigation
which was mado showed the probable cause
of lho failuro to have been an nlocttolytio
action betwoon the tin lining of thc tubes
and the brass, the ��oa water circulating
through the condenser forming the electrolyte. Had lho tin coating remained perfect
doublloss nt) corrosion would have resulted
but the mud and grit conveyed in suspension through tho condenser carried away
tho tin coating iu spots, and it was at these
points that the transformation of the metal
O/'Utrod, It is concluded that if the plpea
Rati not been tinned at all they Would have
remained intact.
A Romance of The Lottny.
On Saturday afternoon, at tho quarterly
drawing of the Credit Foncier Lottery
Bonds in Paris, and a few minutes before
tho wheel of fortune was to beset ;u motion,
a lady appeared with a bond of the lss'l
issue, upon which she wanted to pay the
calls due in order that it might be eligible
for a prize. The clerk said il was too late,
as tho drawing was about to commence, adding tho conventional phrase of regret. The
lady, however, bogged hard, and the clerk
consented lo submit her case to the board
of directors who had to attend the drawings*
Several numbers, says a Pans correspondent'
had already been drawn while tho directors
were considering whether the lady's offer
oould be accepted���a matter of a few francs
���when, oh I freak of fortune, tiie number
of thc very bond whoso fate was in stispence
camo out for a prize of ��4000. The board
ultimately ruled that as lho number had
como out after the lady's offer the latter
would he entertained. The clerk went down,
and after receiving the lady's money and
handing her 1 receipt for it, announced to
her that she wat t'iWO richer, TROUT
'-.   LAKE   ���-.
The above town site will be placed on the market shortly.  It is
situated at the north end of Trout Lake, in the famous
which is going to be one of the RICHEST MINING REGIONS in
America. NUMEROUS RICH CLAIMS have been found close to this
town site, which will make it the DISTRIBUTING POINT for an
IMMENSE TRACT OP COUNTRY. It is the only level land at the
north end of the lake. The owners intend to expend money on streets
and other improvements in the Spring. The trail from Lardeau City,
on Arrow Lake, to Kootenay Lake, runs through the town site. The
first hundred lots will be sold at $200 for corners, and $150 for insides
Por further particulars apply to
C. E. PERRY & CO.,
at the Head Office, Nelson, B.C., or to
Local Agent,


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items