BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Kootenay Star Feb 25, 1893

Item Metadata


JSON: kootstar-1.0310160.json
JSON-LD: kootstar-1.0310160-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): kootstar-1.0310160-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: kootstar-1.0310160-rdf.json
Turtle: kootstar-1.0310160-turtle.txt
N-Triples: kootstar-1.0310160-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: kootstar-1.0310160-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Array wp, mmmm
No. 37.
Is heroby giren, that application
will be made to the Parliament of
Canada, at the next session thereof,
for an Act to incorporate a Company
to construct, equip, maintain and
operate a line of railway in the Province of British Columbia from a
point at or near Nakusp, on Upper
Arrow Lake, Kootenay District, to
the forks of Carpenter Creek, with
power to extend to Bear Lake and to
Cody Creek.
Solicitors for the Applicants.
Ottawa, December 28th, 1892.
AGENTS to sell onr choice and
hardy Nursery Stock. We have many
new special varieties, both in fruits
and ornamentals, to offer, which are
controlled only by us, We pay commission or salary. Write us at once
for terms, and secure choice of territory.���May Brothers, Nurserymen,
Rochester, N.Y.
Charmingly situated on the bank of
the river, on the principal street,
close to the post-offioe and
Government buildings,
and nearest to the
First-class Table, good Beds,
Fresh Milk.
I am now prepared to supply
Families and Hotels with Milk at
lowest prices.
First Class DAIKY COWS
will do well to address
Box 217, Revelstoke, B C.
0. & H. LEWIS,
Catered for.
Beautifully situated on the Lake
shore at the ontrance to the best and
shortest road to the Sloean mines aud
New Denver. The best fishing and
hunting in the distriot, with grand
boating and sketching facilities for
tourists aud artists.
The Bar is supplied with the
Best brands of wines.liquors
and cigars.
The accommodations of the Hotel are
of the best.
MINING and real estate broker,
Lardeau and Slocau Prospects
Assayer and Analytical Chemist,
Nearly seven years assayer at Morfa
Works, Swansea, and for over seventeen
years chief analyst to Wigan Coal k Iron
Co., Wigan,
Assays and analyses of every description undertaken on the most reasonable
Special experience in coal, coke, iron,
ferro - manganese, steel, silver, copper,
lead aud zinc.
Stockholm House
The Dining-room is furnished with the
best the market affords.
The bar is supplied with a choice stock
of wines, liquors andoigars,
The largest and most central Hotel in
the city ; good accommodation ; everything new; table well supplied ; bar and
billiaru room attached ; fire proof safe,
C. P. R. MWh
I    a* ���   *l��
F. MoflABTur   -
First-olass Temperance House.
Board and Lodging $5 Per Week,
meals, 25c.     1IKDS 25c.
This hotel is situated convenient to the
station, is  comfortably furnished, and
affords first class accommodation.
Atlantio Express, arrives 10.10 daily,
Pacific       " "     16.52   "
Cheapest, moBt reliable and safe
route to Montreal, Torouto, St. Paul,
Chicago, New York aud Boston.
Rates, $5 to $10 lower than auy other
other route,
Specially fitted Colonist Cars, in
charge of a Porter, for the accommodation of Passengers holding second
class tickets. Passengers booked to
and from all European poiutB at
Lowest Kates,
Low freight Hates. Quick despatch, Merchants will savo money
by having their freight routed via
heO.P. II.
Pull and reliablo information given
by applying to
Asst, (Joii'l Freight Ag't, Y'neoiiver.
or to I. T. BREWSTER,
Ag'tC. I'. K. Depot, BqvoIbiokb.
Ci   ii I
Ripans Tubules euro bad breath.
Royal Mail Lines,
Proposed Sailings from Halifax.
CARTHAGINIAN...Allan....Feb. 18
MONGOLIAN    "   ,...M'rch4
NUMIDIAN     "   ....    "   18
LAUREN TI AN    "   .... April 1
PARISIAN    "   ....    "   15
LABRADOR.Domininn Line.. Feb. 25
VANCOUVER        " ..M'ohll
SARNIA  " ..    "   25
LABRADOR.,        "        ..April 8
VANCOUVER        " ..    "   22
Cabin 845, &0, 880, 870, 880 aud
Intermediate. $66; Steerage, 820.
Passengers ticketed thiough to all
poiuts in Great Britain and Ireland, und
at specially low rates to all parts ol the
European continent,
Prepaid passage*) arranged from ull
Apply to nearest steamship or railway
agent; to
I. T. Brewster,
Agent, Revelstoke;
or to Robert Keiir, General Passenger
Ageut, Winnipeg.
You Think
'���nyklnd of a crop will do, then '
any kind of mtMs will do! but tol
tbe heat rt-suia vou sbuuld plant
IAjw��)'8 Ihe dfflt, tbey ��re recognized I
tlie alandunl everywhere.
Terrj'ti S*ed Annual ll lbe moit
lnM-rUkiil hook ol llie kind |<nl>
llahed.   it la invaluable to tho
planter.  We tend It tree.
Ripans Tabules cure constipation.
Ripans'Tabules euro colic.
Mr. McNeil is back from the east, and
is now ready to operate on his patrons
with bis aconstometl skill. Next door
to Star office,
The Second Annual Ball of the Revelstoke Quadrille Club will be held in
Bourne's Hall on Friday, 17th March
(St. Patrick's Day).
Mr. Mara will ask for the correspondence between the Dominion and B.C.
Governments relative to the boundaries
of the railway belt.
The Rev. C. Ladner will preach tomorrow in tbe Methodist Church,
morning at 10,30, evening at 7.30, All
are cordially invited.
Revelstoke Quadrille Club will hold
its usual fortnightly dunce iu Bourne's
Hall on Thursday evening uext, at nine
o'clock sharp. 'Bus leaves lower town
at 8.30.
A gentleman recently returned from
England says be beard there that owiug
to the bad times io Australia a number
of Australians would settle io British
Columbia this year.
Next Tuesday night a grand ooncort
will be given in Peterson's Hall by tbe
members of tbe orchestral string band.
Some of tbe beBt talent in the town has
been secured, and a first-class program
will be presented.
The Dominion Government advertises
for tenders for the construction of a
wbarf for quarantine purposes at William's Head. Sealed tenders must be
at Ottawa by the 22uil of March. See
advt. in this issue.
A publio meeting is called for Monday
evening next at Peterson's Hall to receive the report of tbe committee appointed to communicate with the Provincial Government regarding the town-
site dispute and other matters.
The fluent, coinpletest and latest line of Electrical appliances la the world. They have novel
failed to cure. We aro so positive of It that w��
will back our belief and send yen any Electrical
Appliance dow in the market and you can try II
f ir Three MoQtha. Largest list cf tMtliuonl.il>
on ��orth. Send for book and 'enna! rree.
IV. T. Bacr Ic Co,, Wlndaor, Ont.
On Thursday the snow on the roof of
the house lately occupied by Rev. C.
Ladner avalunobed on to the au joining
house���a Chinese laundry���six or eight
feet below, aud -mashed in the roof for
more than half Ihe length of the building The snow was between three and
four feet thick anil solid as ioe. No oue
was in the laundrj.
Mr. Jno. Cam-ibill, formerly manager
of Revelstoke smelter, recently obtained
judgment in the B.C. Supreme Court ut
Vancouver against the Smelter Co. for
the sum of $10,481. The Sheriff of
Koolenay will sell by auction, at tbe
smelter works next Thursday at noon,
machinery and mcterial to satisfy the
said judgment and costs. See advt. in
tbis issue.
Tbe Winnipeg Ccmmercial this week
publishes its eighth annual supplement,
which is a finely got up book of 42
pages, containing tome first-class cuts,
a view of Nelson, 3.C.. being a pretty
bit of landscape aid luke scenery. It
is needless to extol the workmanship or
letterpress, as the Commercial print is
widely known as on* of the best io the
Messrs. George Sbiel and John Ford,
of Carberry, Man., have the distinction
of being tne first urivais in Revelsi-ke
to await the opening of oommunioa-
tion with the mioin; country, which, it
is hoped, will take -lace in a few weeks.
Mi. Miiel is a taxidermist of uo ineuu
ubili'ies, und is opei to receive work in
tbut line while 40} iug here. Hn has a
brother in Kaslo wlo has several good
ventures there.
No. 1 of tbe Piople's journal, of
Vancouver, is to band. 1 h un eight-
page four-column wink';������ und claims to
lie published in tie interests of the
people and to be politically independent Its |<et-up is .'cry neat, is cleanly
prided, and its artides are up to date.
Vancouver seems to be a sickly pluco
for newspapers, but we hope the newly
hatched venture will not tile in chicken-
hood.   G. P. Leuper is the publisher,
We huve received Irom the Dominion
Publishing Co. of Vancouver a neutly-
bouiid copy of their pocket map of the
Province of British Columbia. It is
compiled from the latest Government
surveys, is 29 iuche* by 30 inches, and
carries a lot of useful information iu
addition to tbe map. Each district has
a distinctive color. Its handy size when
folded makes it convenient for the pocket, We consider itlhe best yet issued.
Stiff cloth covers, $100; niunitla, 75c.
Iu the Provincial Legislature Mr.
K.-ilid's bill to Incorporate the Lardeau
A Kootenny Railway On. and Mr. Martin's bill te iueor orot" the Nakusp k
Slocuu Railway Co were both read a
first time uud referred to the Railway
Committee, Pelitiots were reoeived as
follows:���To incorporate a company, ie
railway from N. Isim via Sloean, New
Denver uud Nakusp l'..ss; to mi-orpurute
u company, re tiumvay from Kuslo to
Rear Luke; to incorporate the Kaslo
Eleotiie Light, Power, k Water Works
Co,, Limited. Mr, Kilclieii presented a
potitiou from John Hendry aud others
against the granting of a charter to tbe
Kooteuay Centrul Ralway,
Juvenile Templars' Coucert.
There was a very good attendance
on Tuesday evening at the concert
given bj the members of the Juvenile Temple I.O.G.T. Mr. Thomas
Lewis presided. Tbe programme
was a lengthy one, but on the whole
pleasing. Some of the items were
extremely well rendered, especially
tbe obaiacter song, "Come home,
father," by Mrs. and Miss Millie
Ribbaoh, both song and character
beiug excellent. A dialogue well
spoken aud well aoted was that entitled " What two little girls did,"
by Maggie and Edith Lewis, Jessie
Paton ami A. Williamson. Tbe recitations by Ruth and Lily Valentine
were very good, both young ladies
displaying considerable histrionic
talent. Ethel and Will Ladner gave
a pleasing duet, and one by Mrs.
Ribbaoh and Guy Barber reoeived
the first enoore. The eight youths
who sustained the dialogue in the
pieoe "Applying for a Licence" ao
quitted themselves creditably, and
so did W. Ladner and Chas. Lewis
io " Postman and Tramp." The
length of the programme detracted a
great deal from tbe interest taken in
the last (but not the least by any
means) number on the list���the
shadow pautomime. It was cleverly
got up, and carried through without
a single hitch, excepting that the
missionary was a trifle tough or tbe
savage's knife somewhat blunt, and
tbe king's "little hatchet" was used
in carving. Mrs. Dickie, Miss Ella
Ladner aud J. ��. Ahlin presided at
the organ. Mrs, Lewis, Mrs. Dickie
and Mr. A. Williamson worked hard
iu organizing the entertainment, aud
are to be congratulated on its success.
Opening ode The Lodge
Song and ohorus Children
Song-"No, sir." C. Lewis
Recitation Ruth Valentine
Dialogue... W. Ladner and C. Lewis
Song���"Baby Land"..Ethel Laduer
Duet.. ..Mrs. Ribbaoh and G. Barber
Reoitation Ella Patou
Chorus Children
Organ solo J. P. Ablin
Song and ohorus. Percy Lewis
Duet Ethel and Will Ladner
Song Edith Lewis
Recitation Lilie Valentine
Dialogue���"Applying for Licences"
Quartette���Mrs.Sniiih, Mrs. Ribbaoh,
Miss Ladner, G. Burlier k J. Ablin
Song -"Father, come home"...Miss
Milly Ribbaoh.
Dialogue- Edith Lewis Jessie Paton,
Maggie Lewis k A. Williamson.
S<>ng Mrs. Ribbaoh
Guitar solo H. Lewis
Song G. Barber
t horus  Children
Reci.ation Lilie Valentine
Kameehamee-ha-ha ��� The Cannibal
King Ed. Pieard
Okee-Pokee-His wife H. Lewis
Ba bee Toot-lum���Infant...C. Lf>wis
Rev. Phat Sleek, a plump and juicy
missionary O. Lewis
" God save the Queen,"
A new drug store is to be built at
tbe station.
At the Columbia Club's danoe on
Thursday night the number of Indies
present equalled that of tbe gentlemen, and iu oousequenoe everything
was lovely.
Mr. Veit arrived up from Hall's
Landing early yesterday morning.
Provisions are ruuuing short there,
aud he came up for a supply. The
three men who left here two weeks
ugo with a load of provisions for
Lardeau City got through all right.
People at tbe landing all well, but
no nows, In company with Mr, W.
Vickers Mr. Veit left on the return
journey this morning, eaoh with a
sleigh load of supplies.
About nine o'olook Monday night
Front Street citizens wero aroused
by Ibe sudden explosion of lire
crackers and a bright glure against
tbeir windows. A bonfire of dry
goods boxes, loaded with crackers,
coal oil and other oombnstiides, huil
been lit on tbe snow in the middle of
the street just in front of the barber
shop, Very soon the sounds of a
bugle and the beating of tinware
proclaimed tbat there was something
on foot, and then the boys emerged
from behind tbe snow banks each
with a big oil oan which he was
pounding with a big stick. It was
a "welcome" serenade to our popular barber, Mr. A. McNeil, who on
Monday evening returned from a two
mouths' visit to Montreal, bringing
his bride with him. After the din
Ind continued a few minutes in front
of the house Mnu came out and at
onoe headed tbe procession to thu
Stockholm House bur. where bu
"set 'em up" for all bauds, Next
morning several people who did not
know Mr. McNeil hud returned were
congratulating F. W, Wilson (who
ourried on the business during the
proprietor's abxenoe) on bis haviug
[ become a benedict.
Peterson's Hall.
will give a
ADMISSION : : : 50 Cents.
[addressed to the editor. J
The Editor cannot be responsible for the
opinions expressed by correspondents.
On-Looker.���All correspondence ro
tbe Quadrille Club is dosed.
Settler.���The Dominion Government. Write to E. A, Nash, Kamloops.
Taxpayer,���The revenue from all
sources in Revelstoke division last
year amounted to $11,226.95. The
expenditure from July lst to Dec.
31st was���public works, $5,136.85;
salaries and other expenditures,
The Price of Coal Oil.
Sib,���In the tariff discussion at
Ottawa on the coal oil question some
information has oome out that is of
interest to us all. Mr, Moucrieff, in
the interest of the Petrolia oil producers, showed that wuter white oil
was sold at the wells at ly oeuts per
gallon iu bulk car lots and 16y, cents
per gallon in barrel car lots. He
showed, by quoting prices at different points, that it was tbe middlemen aud retailers who were taking
tbe exorbitant profits complained of.
The members for Manitoba and the
Northwest have ascertained that oil
is delivered at points ou the C.P.R,
for 18 cents per gallon, and they
attribute tbe high prices there to
extortions by tbe local merchants.
But tbe highest prioes quoted during
the debate (35 cents per gallon)
pale into insignificance wh.n compared with the price of tbe article in
Revelstoke, viz., 75 cents per gallon I
How iB this for high ?���Yours truly,
Revelstoke, Feb. 21st, 1898,
Tbe Snowshoe Club will torn out
iu full stringth for a moonlight
tramp tonight.
Rev. Dr. Robertson is expected to
hold special services in tbe Presbyterian churoh at 2 and 7.30 p.m. In
the afternoon baptism and I'oiumuu-
ion will be administered, when ail
Presbyterians are earnestly requested
to be present, Revs. Herdman, of
Calgary ; Ross, of Donald; and R.
A. Munro, of Maple Creeu, will accompany Dr. Robertson to tbe Synod
at Victoria uu Wednesday.
Front Street,
Do yon Write for the Papers'/
If you do, you should have THE
a Text Book for Correspondents. Reporters, Editors and General Writers.
SENT on receipt of price, by
117 Nassau Street, New York, N. Y.
State where yoa saw this and yoa will receive* handsome lithograph (or framing.
Merchant Tailor,
(Near C.P.R. Station)
A Noiun* stock OF
I'liglish Worsted**,Scotch anil
1 ri-li Tweeds nud Serges
Wagons and all kinds of
Vehicles Repaired.
Shoeing a_Specia!tv.<
PRICES RIGHT, a Remarkable unentai- txperience.
A Tmtii.i.iN't; Story of Cdisese Treacmely.
The immediate result of Norris s attempt
to escape was that all the cold Chinese instincts ef hia foes centered ir. those feelings
of intensified cruelty which few but the
northern Chinese know.
Well was it for Xorris lhat he lay as one
dead for hours to come, insensible, immovable, and ignorant of that death which, but
for Itis unionsoiousness, had assuredly been
his. And yet not well; for death indeed
would have been preferable to the life in
The discovery of the body which lay in
the inner oourt seemed to throw a shuddering
touch upon everything within the temple,
for the man who had committed the deed
still lived!
Tu Norris his captors had been Chinamen.
Strange as it may seem, ho had never iu his
solitary confinement cast a thought upon
their priest-like attributes, To his own
miml he had called them Chinamen, no
mote. They had been his foes as a nation,
not as a priestly brotherhood; and though
lie had known lhat they were sanctified, he
ha 1 not for a moment looked upon them as
different in that respect from others of their
race, nor in his plans of escape had he taken
account of the awful results whicli might
follow thc desecration of the temple by the
murder of one ot its priests.
Had Norris been in possession of his senses, been in fact as a living man when the
body of the priest was found, itis more than
a probability that in the impulse of thc moment his life at the hands of those who had
recaptured him might have been taken as
atonement for his deed, for the frenzy which
spread over one and all within the temple
walls almost cried aloud in wild thirst for
blood and revenge upon the man who had
done this thing, lint the momentary impulse had passed, and now a more hideous
fate was in reserve. Wood alone cannot
Atone for blood, life is not repaid by life,
when the frenzied souls of Chinese priests
behold the corpse of a brother who has been
killed, ami look upon a temple whose holy
light is suddenly obscured,
De itii for death I"���not so. Life for
death !���a long never-ending lite, a life
whose hell is worse thao death���this alone
ia recompense for such a deed.
The injury sustained by Norris, when he
fell forward upon his face, was of a nature
must serious, and, after many hours of unconsciousness, he recovered only to an intermittent slate, resembling brain fever, and
during this time the priests waited like wild
(���casts who would play with their prey before striking it to the earth.
A torture is not a torture if it kill, for
then of what use is it ? If a man is weak
and ill, so that he may go mad, and so that
be do not feel to the full the horrors through
which he pass, because death lies in front, it
is no use to torture���it is better to wait. For
the truest anil deepest agony of miud which
can be inflicted upon man is that whicli
drives him so far, no further���near to death,
so that he may almost clutch it, ami yet removed from it so that he clutch in vain-
near to madness���ay, on the very brink of
the precipice, and yet saved, as the brain
totters, so that it may continue to totter
aud yet never tall.
Many days passed, and the Chinese still
waited ; and Norris, who had now beeu
tossing through the ravings of weary hours
upon a rough skin or two, which was all his
bed, began as by a miracle to recover his
strength : and it may be that as the priests
fed him during this time, so they also prayed that he might live, for gradual!) the
crisis passed, and he returned to life to find
that he lay under constant watch within
one of the smaller temple buildings, away
from the terrible heat oi the midday sun.
As he grew stronger, an awful thirst took
possession oi him���a thirst that seemed unquenchable, aud he would seize and drink
overy drop of water which was brought to
him, as soon as it was placed upon the
It was now that the first of thai series of
tortures to which the man was destined to
bo subjected was inflicted upon him. Because he thirsted, it was decreed that he
should continue to thirst j and the water
given to him was only th - more de ireased
in quantity, the more ho endea' r"*d to
signal lo his attendant that water was
priceless to him now.
Then .a length came tiie hour when he
understood, when there was no mere water
given to him. an 1,; revela in of the truth
threw him back again upon the illness from
which he was hi;1   lomme     I : '��� re over.
Aud tins n   ti -     il   i '������*- intervened
between Norris's attempt at es ip   in   th
day upon which truly commenced l  it lys
tern ot fiendish cruelty by which his   i   ors
sought io wipe iwa :���������-���
and to satisfy the lust :'
innate m the t Ihineai
In the mean time winter was approaching, and N'orris in his nvales state
looked forward wi     i leaden   tart I
ling ni ha ���    ������im-. I ir .<��� leemed to lose
hope of free lorn ��������������� I - mence nent of
the winter. Summor he might never se.-
The elming ol thep I u
winter months, is he heard it wis dosed
with i.et, tnusi ue-in 'le- OS Ig ol ..n door
.ii h ipe ����� door 'v i ;i wtll stand open in
face of miiiy terrible storms, Tien' iln
closed, Norris felt, he scarcely knew why,
that his lie chance was gone, Had the
���wallows borne ins mess igesto any |i irp ip;
or had one and all of these been given to
the air in vain '
The birds were all thu. in- had to trust to
now -, the ten swallows, liberated with ins
messages securely bound, whero were they.'
If, indeed one of llie ten eame inlo snme
friendly hand far away, it might be too
late, for who would travel from Shanghai
to Pekin in the cold winter months! Who
would face the perishing cold, and the
journey, at such a time !
Then he would wonder for what reason
he had been spared���lie who had killed a
Chinaman ; and, again, for what reason was
he allowed now lo gain strength as he, lay
chained by his ankle to the ground ?
He feared tlie most whon he east his
thoughts upon the apparent clemency of
bis foes. Why had Iho want of Water now
ceased'.' Why was he again treated as in
tho days before, save only that his ankle
was tirmly bound ! Ho set himself to the
endeavor of fathoming the motives for the
life he was allowed to leads
What interest was it to tho Chinese that
lie should livet  unle s  his money woro at
issue! What had saved him from a cruel
death long ere now'; He could guess little
until he remembered suddenly that the
swallow���the eleventh of the birds���had
beeu left beneath his coat on the morning
of his attempted escape!
And there be fancied might lie the truth.
This man, whoever he was, beyond the
temple walls, who had promised him his
liberty, and by that sought to extort a large
sum, had been informed of all that had occurred. No doubt the swallow had been
taken to him, or at least the paper which
had been wrapped to its leg. And this
paper, bearing the words " eleventh swallow," would have been sufficient to convey
to him the knowledge that there was a
chance, however dim, that the English nation beyond the seas might hear of the captivity of William Norris and send to save
him from his foes.
If this was so, and if this nun still commanded Norris's life to bc spared, it seemed partly probable that he might do so because ho was a great man, and that it would
not suit him to be the possible and remote
moans of a disagreement which might from
a little thing swell gradually into a war between the Knglish and the Chinese.
For wore Norris to be cruelly killed in
the temple of Confucius, there was the possibility that some others coining to his rescue might meet with similar treatment, and
the first death might grow into a massacre
in the after time.
Such was the conjecture slowly formed
by Norris���a conjecture which, wild though
it was in many respects, yet had a grain of
truth ; for although it was ilficult at this
time to fathom the full motives which actuated his enemies, it true that besides
that cruelty of which Norris was till now
unaware, and which had in storo for him a
life of hideousness, there was another underlying design���something which came to tbe
priests from a higher hand still, according
with their wishes ill this command :
"Torture, but do not kill!"
Norris fell to wondering vaguely upon bis
captivity one morning, subsequent to hia almost complete restoration to health and indeed, feeling as he now did that he was
daily regaining his strength, he once more
cast about in his thoughts for some means
by which he might still escape.
This had become a much more difficult
question than formerly, for his ancle was,
as has been said, encircled by a chain,
which confined his motions to a limited circuit, and at times became the source of extreme irritation and mental pain. Iu addition to this, he was now at uo time alone,
for a guard was constantly in bis presence
���not always the same man, it is true, but
nevertheless, a preventive of the faintest
motion which might create the suspicion of
a renewed attempt at freedom. Upon tho
morning in question, his dreams resulted in
little savo in au ultimate wandering into a
land of fancy, in which he lived his youth
again beneath the blessed English skies in
tbe ilear old home-land, free to wander
where he might please.
His musings were interrupted by the
entry of three of the priests, accompanied
by a man of filthier garb, whom Norris regarded with some curiosity, wondering
wherefore this man had been brought.
The Chinamen approached bim, and
bound him with ropes. He could make uo
resistance, or, rather, he knew tbat it was
useless to do so, and submitted quietly.
They had already bound his feet, when it
flashed across him that now, indeed, ho
faced the terrors which his mind had partly painted in a ghas.ly dream.
For the first momentortwohe hadyielded,
thinking only that to be further bound could
matter little; but now, as he thought upon
his helplessness if thus boand, be struggled
with all his strength, crying out aloud
whilst the men forced him down and held
him to the ground by the force of numbers
against one. Then, all this strength, recalled for a moment only, left him, and he lay
Hasping, and would have been unable to
move even without his bonds.
The man whom he noticed had now come
forward, knife in hand. Norris shut his
eyes, believing that his last hour had come,
and waiting for tlie first touch of the blade.
A few seconds passed, and then he knew
thc truth���that the man had not come to
' -- ire him, but to deprive him of his hair;
and, unai'i e to protest, he Uy still, whilst,
commencing at the forehead and working
- i ������<.���..������ hinese isrber cut away
lis isir, I t hy bit, shaving Bach portion of
his head closely, whilst the priests stood by
������ wal ���.
in China there   i  i custom -an ordeal
which na- to  ie borne by those w io elei I
���  '...   pi esthoods ; It is an ordeal
of brutal barbarism ��� in ordeal whioh makes
nes  id ler even to name,    It consists in
the po : ng of a drop or two of molten lead
e brow nr scalp of the priest
But one might  wondor wl. r i onneotion
ii Is witl William Norris, nr with the
barber who was at. work upon ins bead I
Only this���thatthe priests of the Temple
i . ii km w ul "hi unspeakable nat-
I    - igony n' the molten lead ; and,
knowing of nn torture more intense than
this, I .'��������� bad deel led to mike the Hug
lishman oonform to the priestly rule, in i
sutler upon his shaven head, during moments of a wanton cruelty which might
well waken the dead from their graves, the
molten metal that should 1*11 and eat into
his human Hash.
As yet Norris was totally ignorant of the
significance of that to which he was compel!-
ed to submit. His first feeling, when he
recognized 'that, the sh.ivingof nil hi id V��l
the present object of bis captors, was rj it tr
ally a combination of fear and hatred, and
then gradually acold callousness, partaking
of the nature of Utter despair, came over
him. But, indeed, the .sensations whioh
tilled him became, nt it. were, dimmed, and
deprived of all aoiiteness for the time being,
owing to an excess of fatigue, which bad
prostrated his energies un Immediate re
lapse upon that full possession of his manhood's strength, which had come to him for
n little time whilst he bad struggled ��� itnly
with those who sought to bind him to the
Thn Chinese barber ifl not gifted with
singular rapidity 111 Ml work; rather he
devotes his attention tO the complete rcmov
al of every appearance of a hair upon a single spot, and to an extreme exactitude as he
proceeds, which, whilst rendering Ids work
at once minute and complete, adds a singular degree of tndiousuess to hii operations.
siderable time, the three priests retired,
leaving the barber to complete his work at
his leisure; and this he continued to do
apparently to his own thorough satisfaction
for a very protracted period.
At thc expiration of that time Norris was
perfectly bald, not a hair left upon his
head; for not even that part where the pigtail is allowed to grow had been left untouched ; only his mustache and his eyebrows and a rough, unkempt growth which
had come upon his cheeks during his confinement, remained to testify to the fact that
bis baldness was not nature's freak.
The barber bound a cloth tightly round
his skull, and then left him, still bound,
and now recovered so far from his fatigue
as to be able to reflect upon what the deprivation of his hair must mean to him, and
to be fully conscious of his aching thoughts.
Shortly his captors returned and undid
his bonds, and tor the restof the day he was,
as he had been for many an hour past, free
to move within a littlo space���free to eat
and drink, but kept beyond this by the
chain which bound his ankle to the ground.
To Norris thought itself had become of
that gnawing kind which seems to eat away
the soul; but he took hia meals, nevertheless, and at night he slept as he had learned
to sleep���a strange half-waking sleep, ot
constant visions and dreams that bring no
Another day came, and Norris, whose conjectures returned ever to tho loss which be
had sustained, and who looked upon it as a
form of mental torture only, and as imposed
with that intent and nothing beyond, was
sitting filled with bitterness and thoughts
made evil by the cruelty of fate, when the
three Chinamen reappeared.
Binding his hands upon his back, and
thus rendering him powerless, whilst he
offered no resistance, knowing how futile
was such waste of strength, they then released the chain about his ankle, and conveyed to him by signs that he must follow
tbem where they led. He did so, wondering inwardly as to what the meaning of
such proceedings could be; and thus, with
those men be re-entered, for the first time,
the court where he had formerly been confined, and where were now congregated a
great number of priests around asmall fire,
whicli had been lit upon the ground. Upon
this fire bad been placed an iron vessel, not
far from whicli was an upright post, which
had been fixed in the earth deeply and
firmly, and around which the Chinamen
To this post Norris was secured,
and he lecognized, as the bands
were drawn tight, that the pot upon
the fire contained something of the nature
of metal, which was melted therein. That
some awful event wa3 about to occur he realized, and, looking round upon the faces
crowding near to him, he seemed to read
something of his doom, and his senses seemed to forsake him for a few seconds, whilst
the consciousness of the unknown to come
descended upon bis soul.
The cloth which had bound his head had
been removed, and the feeling of cold immediately resulting from the exposure of
his hairless skin recalled bim to himself,
and from that moment every action was intensified to such a degree that tho realism
of every detail of what succeeded was written in fire tipcn his brain.
He watched one of the throug stir the
molten mixture with along and thin piece
of metal, and then another ra se the pot
from the fire and approach! with it
till bo stood within a  foot from him.
A cry of terrible agony burst from him
in a voice surely not his own :
" Great God in heaven, have mercy upon
me, God !" And his voice rose to the blue
heavens, and perhaps the cry was heard far
But the world did not change because of
the agony of a single man, and the Chinaman, whose hand was raised so thatthe beat
of the hideous pot sirote upon Norris's face,
only spoke two worls in answer to the man
who stood by his tide���the command to
proceed with the conpletion of what v ai
decreed to bc done.
In obedience, tho othcr reached out aud
took the end of that which the metal had
been stirred���a Ion; spoon��� a spoon so
small as to contain only a single drop of tho
molten liquid.
This Noris saw wlilst his blood-shoteyeso
started from his sockets, and then ths
drop fell upon his lead, and the air was
filled with an awful noise ; nnd a seoond
time the spoon fulfilled his function and
again a third, and tlie world blackened, and
hell seemed to stretch out its arms to ro-
ccive  him,  and  Iforris knew   no moro.
a a a # a
For weeks succeeling the man with tho
shaven head was little else than mad. They
had set him free again in the court yard,
where the dear swallows had used to be.
liut it was winter row, and the swallows
had gone away ; and the man who had
called to them to aid him in his
sore distress was in a worse state now,
for the torture had, for the time being,
unhinged his mind.
He fed as nature called him to feed, eat
ing as 'hough without knowledge that he
did so ; und the rest of the day he spent,
Sometimes crawling about the court and
���ometimes wildly Hawing with his nails
in a vain attempt t��scale the walls, whim-'
perlng all * he turn like no human being,
but rather like a pour wounded dug.
Was the debt discharged now? Was
the blot of deseorttion washed from the
temple walls ]  ThBre was no one to ask
that question ; and, if there had been, the
answer might have been," No."
By night ho crept Into a species of wooden lint or keincl vhich they had put up
for him and when he had warm furs; and
Ins olothing, too, was thicker now, for they
h id dressed him In Chinese garb, heavy and
warm, and suited to the chill of the severity of a winter in !'ekin,
And it was tins seventy, this cold, which
the man did not seim to [eel, which proved
bis salvation. In the midsummer heat,
body and loul might indeed have borne
what hid been, bul, more  probably  would
have succumbed in tho oondltion of semi-
weak noil ill Whicli tho man had been ; but
now lie was saved from fever, and porhapi
from worse than fiver, Iiy tlio cleai air and
Invigorating cold,
Thus it was with William Norris in
tho Temple of Confucius, dining the
winter of his faplivity- a winter in
which a settled look, as ot the hunted
creature, gradually replaced tho furrows of pain and thn light as of madness
upon his lacn; whilst a strange crop nf new
white hair grew il bristles upon his shaven
bend tu conceal aid cover, as though in pity,
the spots of the oico molten-head,
Previsions unite  New I'orn'iiiueiil Mens
Following is a synopsis of the new Irish
Home Rule bill io be introduced within a
few days after the opening of the Imperial
The power to enact laws on the following
subjects among others is retained by the
Imperial Parliament: Treaties and other
relations with foreign states ; thi. imposition or any legislation relating to duties of
customs and duties of excise as defined in
the act. A sub clause retains to the Imperial Parliament control for five years over
land legislation.
The Irish Legislature is restricted from
passing any laws respecting the establishment of religion, or prohibiting tho free
exercise thereof,'or conferring any privilege,
or imposing any disability on account of
religious belief, or abrogating or derogating
from the right to establish or maintain any
placo of denominational education, or denominational institution, or charity, or prejudicially affecting the right of any child to
attend a school receiving public monoy
without attending tlio religious instruction
at that school, The Queen retains the same
prerogatives with respect to summoning the
proroguing, and dissolving tho Irish legislative body as she has wilb respect to the
Imperial Parliament. The Irish legislative
body can continue for fivo years, and no
longer, from the day on which it is appointed to meet.
The Executive Government of Iroland is
to continue vested in Hor Majesty and to
be carried on by the Lord Lieutenant in
behalf of Her Majesty.
The ninth clause of the bill relating to
the couslitution of the Irish Legislative
body says it shall consist of a first and second order, but instead of providing that tho
orders shall deliberate together as in tho bill
nf 18S8, it provides that they shall sit and
vote separately, thus constituting two distinct bouses of the Legislature. If tlio result of tho voting brings the two orders into
collision, then the question at issue is to be
referred to a joint committee of both Housos.
If the question still remains undecided
through inability to agree, then the question at issue may be referred to the people.
Tho new biil thus provides for a popular referendum.
The ten thclauso.Parliamentry representation, provides substantially the same as in
1886. An important new clause provides
that 103 members of the Imperial Parliament shall be elected by the existing constituencies. These members shall vote on
all questions reserved by the Imperial Parliament from the Irish Legislative body,
and may also sit in the Irish Legislative
body if elected thereto, as well as in the Imperial Parliament.
The annual contribution of Ireland on account of the national debt is reduced to
��733,000; army and navy, ��833,1100; Imperial civil expenditures ��55,000; Royal
Irish Constabulary aud Dublin Metropolitan
police ��500,001); for reduction of the national debt, ��180,000. These are great reductions from the bill of 1,88(1.
Duties of customs and duties of excise
collected in Ireland are to be applied to
Irish charges, and any excess applied as
part of the public revenues under control of
the Irish Government. The Irish Land
Commission is to remain in existence until
all charges payable out of the church property in Ireland aud guaranteed by the
treasury are fully paid, (subject to any existing charges ou the church property such
property shall belong to tho Irish Government.
"It shall not be lawful for tho Irish
Legislative body to adopt or pass any vote,
resolution, address, or bill for the raising or
appropriation of any part of the publio
revenue of Ireland, or of any tax duty or
impost except in pursuance of a recommendation from Her Majesty, signified
through the Lord Lieutenant."
The exchequer division of tho High Court
of Justice is to continue to bc a court of exchequer for revenue purposes and any
vacancy occurring in the court is to be tilled by Her Majesty on the joint recommendation of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
and the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.
The Dublin Metropolitan polico is to continue subject to the Lord Lieutenant for a
period of fivo years, or until the Irish Administration will guarantee that an adequate
local police system has been organized. The
Royal Irish Contabulary while it exists is to
continue subject to the control of the Lord
Lieutenant, but the Irish Legislature may
provide for the establishment and maintenance of a police force in counties and
boroughs in Ireland under the control of the
local authorities.
There is an entirely now clause, 22, which
gives the crown tho right to veto all bills of
tl e Irish Legislature, and gives Irish representative peers the right to sit in the House
of Lords at Westminster, and voto on all
imperial questions, Tho functions of the
Lord Lieutenant arc the samo as in the bill
of 188(1, and the judiciary is to [remain for
live years under the control of the Imperial
Government, then to pass under the control
of the Irish Government, Other provisions
are similar to the bill of 18S0.,
Russian Sentinel-
The sternest ideal of military duty is full
filled by iheKiiHsinii'.'oldicr. An illustration
is given by the authors of ",A doiirney to
Mount Ararat." On leavinglan Armenian
village, ihu writer passed a beautiful green
vnlley, watered by a river that Unwed be-
Iwi'i-n strung einbankmonls.
His Armenian servant told him that in
April, 18S8, aftor a groat storm, the rivor
rose in such a flood lhat the persons living
near llie bank lied for thoir livos.
There was a powder-magazine near tho
river. The sentinel who was guarding it
prepared to retreat, but the olliccrs who
were watching'the scene from a mountain
forbade him tn leave his post. For an hour
lhe poor fellow Btrugglod against tho rising
waters, clinging desperately to tho lock of
tlie magazine door.
The water rose lo his obi 11, and when ho
was literally wilhin an 111 oh of death the
lined ceased. He was decorated by thu
government with the ribbon of some honor-
my order in recognition of bis heroic obedience.
Baron Hirsch has only eight horses in
training, but his last season's winning!
amounted to 9185,000a
The silvor wedding of the King and
('uecn of Italy will bo colobratod April 22,
u.iiiviirt rimiiiii, ii,mia
A Glowing Account From the North West
A Clergyman of llinnilon Iti-ports on Die
Condition of tbe Country-Tliey Had
I'ouil Crops Lust 1cur-1 lie Cities and
Towns Arc (.rowing and Everywhere
Are Host Gratifying Signs of Prosper*
Ever since the opening up of the fertile
plains of Manitoba and the North-west territories by ihe construction of the Canadian
Pacific Railway the progress of the settlers
in the west has been watched with the
deepest interest by the remainder of the
Dominion. All recognized tho great part
which the Prairie Province and the great
Lone land were to play in the development
and growth of Canada, and all accordingly
followed eagerly the struggles and disappointments of the earlier settlers, due largely to inexperienco, and rejoiced aseachsuc-
ceeding year proved that when scientifically farmed the country was one of the finest
agricultural districts in the world. The
other day a Toronto Reporter met Rev.
James Woodsworth of Brandon superintendent of Methodist missions in Manitoba
and tho North-west who is at present engaged in lecturing on mission work in the
districts of Ontario. Mr. Woodsworth in
the courso of his duties as superintendent,
travels continually all over Manitoba
and the North-west from Port Arthur to
the Rocky mountains, aud has, consequently, a grand opportunity of observing the
condition of the country ami its people. He
gives an eminently satisfactory
during the past yoar. When asked about
the general condition of Manitoba, Mr.
Woodsworth said that thc country was
without doubt progressing not only steadily,
but rapidly. Last year had been a good one,
the wheat crop having been large and the
samples fair. The low price of wheat had,
of course, militated to a considerable extent
against the farmers, but still tbey could not
complain, as tbey had done fairly well. The
immigration, too, had been considerable,and
the prospects for the coming yoar were better still. The Manitoba Government wcre
giving every attention to the immigration
question, and it was probable, that there
would be a large influx of settlers from the
United .States, as well as from othcr places.
Everywhere there were signs of steady improvement, not only in the condition of tha
farmer, but also in lho growth of lho cities
and towns. Winnipeg, he said, was improving fast, and bad completely recovered from
the depression which so long hung over it.
Trade there was good, and there was a fair
movement in real estate. Brandon also had
grown considerably during the last year, not
only in population, but in the number and
character of its buildings. Over $500,000
was expended in the construction of these.
The hospital whicli was erected by the city
of Brandon, with the assistance of private
enterprise, cost over ��20,000 and was a magnificent brick building. Besides this there
were numbers of fine business blocks and
scores of private residences erected, tie instanced what was called tho Syndicate block
a three-storey brick building, with 130 feet
along the Manitoba and North-western lino
of railway, the year had been ono of marked prosperity. Tho country was beautifully situated, frost beiug almost unknown
and the soil most fertile. The town of
Neepawa was growing rapidly and the
country around it improving every day.
Further up the line tho conditions for grain
growing were not so good, but those who
had turned their attention to stock-raising
were finding it profitable.
Mr. Woodsworth spoke most enthusiastically of a large settlement about 50 miles
from the terminus of tho line of railroad
called Yorkton. This, be said, was a large
and prosperous settlement, composed principally
the majority of whom were Canadians, who,
emigrating from Ontario to Dakota years
ago, wero only too thankful to be back on
Canadian soil again. They were soltled on
a beautiful section of country, and wero
highly elated with their prospects, though,
of course, thoy had returned much poorer
than when first thoy went to the States.
.Southern Manitoba, or the Glenboro district
was also doing well, and though there were
no very largo towns, the small ones wore
growing steadily. The Canadian Pacifie
railway could not bo praised too highly,
continued Mr. Woodsworth, for the parti
they had played in the development of tho
country. Thc branch lines had dono more
than anything else to open up the splendid
districts lying away from lhe main track.
The Souris line, which runs from Brandon
south-west through the Souris coal fields,
hud been completed last year as far as
Esteven, tho centro of tho mining distriot,
and there had been considerable settlement
on along the line us far as it went. I'.stevea
would, moreover, be a divisional part of the
.Soo line, and tho prospects of immediate
settlement in tho neighboring districts were
exceedingly bright. During the year 50
miles of the Great North-west Central railway, which runs from Brandon in a northwesterly direction, had been built and were
now in operation. Another extension whicli
had been the greatest benefit to tho southern portions of Manitoba, was tho junction
nf the southern branches if tho Canadian
Pacific railway, which terminate at Glenboro ami Dclorainc, with the Braudon and
Souris branch.
Turning to tho territories, Mr. Woods-
worth said, that on the whole thoy had had
a lairly prosperous year. Tho population,
of course, was not so large as in Manitoba,
but thero was every indication that the
country would settle up rapidly. Emigrants
were fast filling up the tracts of land at the
foot of the Rooky mountains and in tho
Saskatchewan valley, especially in the Al��
bcrta and Edmonton districts. Calgary, he
said, was growiug steadily, though not very
rapidly, while Edmonton was goiug steadily
ahead, Regina also was improving and tho
farmers around there had done very well in
the last two years. Tlio Canadian Paciflo
railway had filled a long felt want by tho
construction of a branch lino from Calgary
to Fort Macleod.
In conclusion Mr. Woodsworth said that
ho thought that all had the utmost confidence
in the future of tho country.
"I know why bees never sit down,"sail
Walter. " Why, my dear?" asked his mother, " Cause they has pins in thoir coat tails
end they'a afraid to VIOTOEIA FROM THE OUTSIDE-
Victoria, the capital of British Columbia,
)S beautifully situated on the southern part
of Vancouver Island. Sailing into her
splendid harbor on a sunshiny day, the
traveller has a tine view. Before him lies
the city, nestling peacefully on a gentle declivity with a gorgeous mountain background. The eliect of the lights and shades,
as they chase each other through tbe softening mist, is charming. To the right,
across the Straits, and, apparently close to
the American shore, stands that grand old
sentinel, Mount Baker. A number of seagoing vessels, as well as river steamers, arc
generally in harbor. Around the port
oluster great warehouses, hotels and business blocks in solid masonry; while long
rows of streets branch off in every direction
from this nucleus. The rows of hotels, saloons, restaurants and beer-shops excitod
my surprise, I began to tliink it a city
where King Alcohol reigned supreme. Vet,
during a stay of three weeks I saw only two
" drunk " men.
Leaving the port, with its noise, its
trallic antl its easy-going, contented-looking
business men, we hail an electric street car,
which is carrying passengers up tho long
streets, aud soon find ourselves in entirely
different surrouudings. Up tho gentle
incline, across two streets, round a
corner, on we go, waiting here and there
that a passenger may alight, or, to take on
a new comer. The houses seem to diminish
in size, as we proceed, and to grow wider
apart, till they each stand in a garden of its
own. This is Victoria proper; the homes
of her people : and very beautiful it is.
Never shall I forget how it gladdened my
eyes to see those cozy cottages and ample
gardens after Winnipeg's huge brick blocks.
Fruit, vegetables and flowers grew in every
plot; but above and before everything were
the (lowers. Roses, clematis, honeysuckles
and many, many others, the like of which I
never saw before, delighted iny tired eyes.
How the roses climbed and clung to every
inch of space reserved for thom I Every wall,
post and paling was a mass of blossoms-
white, yellow, red, or pink. The houses
are generally small; always cozy looking,
and the gardens clean and flourishing.
Everything suggests peace and plenty.
Splendid residences stand here and there ;
but they seem out of place among so much
simple comfort and natural attraction.
Across James Bay a new city, known as
Victoria West, is fast springing up. Here
are small and unpretentious brick structures ; but the grounds are exceedingly
beautiful, and well kept. The first time
I visited the grounds, I encountered
a relic that made my heart ache���the
chain-gang���marching two and two, with
an armed guard following closo behind.
Poor fellows, they had been working on
the grounds, and were returning to their
prison home.
The churches are well represented in
Victoria. The majority of the peoplo are
church goers, if one can judge from the
crowds lhat attend the morning services.
The first Sunday I attended the morning service in the Pandora street Methodist Church.
The Rev. Covtrdale Watson officiated to a
largo and attentive congregation, for the
first time since his return to the city. Evidently, it represented the youth and wealth
of the capital. The afternoon found me in
an entirely different autlience , at the late
Dr. Fraser's Church. Here, I had the privilege of listening to a sound, practical discourse, delivered in a practical manner, to
a plain, practical congregation. As I glanced around the fast filling pews, I could not
help thinking that	
" From scenes like these old Scotia's grandeur
That makes  her lovod at homo, revered
Princes and lords nro but tho breath of kings,
' An honest man's tho noblest work ot God.
I thought of sturdy old John Knox ; and
said to myself that, the same principles
at stake, Presbyterian ism has splendid
material yet, even in this new city of the
There is another class in Victoria���the
non-church goers���as was evident from the
numerous Sunday excursions. Trains, loaded with pleasure-seekers come and go;
steamers announce their own arrival or give
ample notice of thoir departure, as on week
days. People throng the streets in the vicinity of the port, carrying valisos and lunch
baskets; shops are open here and there and
trade is going briskly on. One begins to
think he has mistaken the day, but the
clang, clang, clang, of Trinity, Pandora and
two or three other church bells, recalls his
wandering thoughts and warns him that it
is indeed the Lord's Day.
Victoria's principal schools arewellout of
thecity, butherveryyoung children are well
provided for in the several ward schools.
One of tho finest streets, as to location,
is that built and occupied by the Chinese
and known as Chinatown, It runs at right
angles to the port. It is more delightful
when viewed at a distance, for tho pungent
odors which greet one's nasal appendage in
the vicinity, seem to impair the sense of
vision. The smell of decaying fish, vegetables and fruit, of decootions peculiar to
tbo Chinese together with open sewers, send
forth odors as penetrating as they are disgusting, How curious tho denizens of this
street look ill their dainty white slippers,
flowing robes and long ques. All Chinamen wear the que and make some attempt to rotain the native dress. Tho dress
of the"tyces" consists of tho inevitable
white slippers, looso flowing robes, generally of dark blue, but sometimes of variously
colored silk, over looso trousers. The color
and richness of tho dress indioato the rank
of tho wearer, Tho lower class, usually,
wear a looso bluo shirt over wide trousers.
Tho Chinose in Victoria support a doctor
and a lawyer. The Celestial is a sagacious
business man and an invclerate gambler. A
Chinese mission, in connection with the
Methodist Church, has dono good work,
especially in the Women's Roscuo Home,
Vou get a lesson in western ways, when,
after purchasing a pioco of sticking plaster,
or, a half-dozon oranges, you are informed
thatthe prico is "two-bits."Seeing your
mystified look the dealer takes in the silua-
tinn and politely informs you that, in coast
parlance, "two-bits" means twenty-five
cents, "four bits" fifty conta, etc. You
band him a livo dollar bill, crisp and now,
and clink, clink, ho gives you four great,
heavy, silvor dollars, besides the smaller
change. Were it not for tho rapidity with
which small change disappears nn this
ooast, one would soon become overloaded,
for bills are a rarity,
During my visit���the latter part of Juno
aud tho first part of July���the weather wm
moist. When the "Scotch mist "took a
turn on the hills, we were greeted with a
white fog from the sea, but the temperature
was mild and balmy. 1 was informed, how
ever,that,owingto the proximity of such large
bodies of water.the winters are rather raw
Dominion Day was observed by hoisting
the Union Jsck on the Government offices
and some other publio buildings.   A few
private houses also showed the old flag
" That has braved a thousand years
The battle and the breeze."
I am sorry to say it was mostly conspicuous by its absence. A picnic on Beacon
Hill was a semi-public demonstration.
Closely following, came the "glorious
fourth," Everybody seemed to wake up in
order to assure our cousins of our continued
good-will. I wondered whether the Victorians wcre in favour of annexation, or,
whether, secure under the British flag, their
loyally was so staunch it needed no display.
After having seen most of the Canadian
cities, and several in the United States, I
can say, without hesitation, that Victoria,
with her '22,000 inhabitants, is the most
beautiful of all. She, no doubt, lacks the
splendour of art, but her attractions of
situation, climate and surroundings do not
depend on art ; and her people have had
the good sense to tamper but slightly with
Nature's beauties; or, if they did interfere,
'twas but " to set struggling nature free."
If Victoria " from the inside " be as charming as Victoria " from the outside," and,
were I possessed of an ample fortune I, would
do as so many others have done���mako
Victoria my home.
Poet Carpet-Oleaner.
The poet Tennyson had his little mishaps,
just as less gifted mortals do. One afternoon he called on some friends, and learned that they were uot at home and decided
to leave a note. The house-maid took bim
to the drawing-room, and gave him pen, ink
and paper.
When signing his name to his polite little
missive, Tennyson, by a jerk of the elbow,
overturned the ink-bottle ; and great was
his dismay at seeing a large pool of ink
spreading rapidly over his friend's new whito
Persian carpet of matchless beauty, Horror
struck, he rang the bell. Up ran the servant. "Do please help me 1" cried the
It happened that the milkman had just
left a can of frothing milk at the door, and
the intelligent housemaid remembered in
the nick of time that new milk, if thrown
over wet ink, would remove all traces of
the despoiling fluid. Accordingly she overturned the jug upon the large black pool,
and with house-flannel and cloths sel about
rubbing and scrubbing at the stain.
Down went Tennyson on his hands and
knees, rubbing and scrubbing with his little
helpmeet. His agony of miud lest his old
friend should knock at the door and suddenly appear ou the scene of disaster he often
described in later days, declaring that it
"reached the infinite." But with such a
good-will did this strange couple work together that every trace of ink was removed.
"Here is a five-shilling piece, my good
girl," cried the poet, "and God bless you I"
Willi that he seized his hat and made
for the door. Somo weeks later an invitation to dine with his old friends reached
Tennyson. He went; and the carpet was
in no way alluded to on cither side.
A Golden Oity in Afrioa.
We find in the London Times a letter
giving a striking description of the remarkable town of Johannesburg in the Transvaal,
which is well called " The Golden City."
Its name even does not appear on the maps
of Africa issued ten years ago. It will be
a surprise to multitudes to know that there
is any such spot on the African continent.
The city stands upon a gold reef, upon
which reef fifty companies are now working, employing 3,370 white men and over
32,000 natives. Of the city ot Johannesburg itself, the writer says:
" It is neither beautiful not impressive
from the lesthetic point of view, but it
might be set down as it stands in any part
of the civilized world. It has a population
of about 40,000. The buildings are good,
the streets are broad, there are shops with
plate glass windows full of ball dresses and
silver plate, the residential quarters are
rapidly spreading themselves out into
squares and boulevards, a tram line connects
them with the business center, for twenty
miles east and west you may sec the funnels
of mining works smoking against the sky,
the sound of an engine whistle is in your
ears, and you find that a tram has heen constructed, which runs from one end of the
Rand to tho oilier. The town is lit with
gas, the water is supplied to all its houses,
every ordinary appliance of civilization is
here, and when you remember that it has
all been done in five years, and that every
scrap uf material has been carried up, and
the six pianos waiting at the frontier will
presently be carried, by ox wagons, you begin to realize something of the extraordinary conditions which can have called so
sudden a development into existence."
m ���
The Lunatic Who Swallowed Ihe Cnllrry
Is III ad.
Three months ago one of tho inmates of
Toronto Asylum swallowed several articles
of cutlery. On Friday the man died. His
name was William Tucker, a son of Rov.
Mr. Tucker, a retired minister living on
Henry street, Toronto. Up to Thursday
the man suffered not the slightest inconvenience or paio, but on that day he was seized
with inflammation of the lining of the
bowels and he died next day, Dr. Caven
and lira. Weir and Robinson, resident
physicians, performed a post mortem. Dr.
Lynd, Dr. Voung, of McCaul street, and
Dr. Robinson were also present. Ths spoon
and knife were almost entirely eaten away
but the fork���also electroplate-was very
little corroded. The knife and fork were
still in the stomach but had ulcerated the
wall and broken through. Tho ��poon had
taken the natural courso towards Ihe small
intestines. That he lived so long is one of
the greatest marvels in medical history.
Tho case will bc reported all over the world
in medical books, as nothing approaching it
ever occurred before. Tho knife was 9 1-2
inches long.the spoon li inches and the fork
7 1-2 inches. The knife and fork went down
handle first and kept that position. Tucker had also swallowed a threo-coruered piece
of glass which stuck iu his wind pipe. Ho
was 23 years old.
Emerson declared that he oompoicd best
when walking.
ATM" lo Wonderful Klniljerley-An Acrl
item Disclosed lo a Passing- Traveller
lhe Wealth Which Uy Beneath nn
African Farm.
Less than twenty years ago, writes Mr.
Howard Hazell, in "Hazell's Magazine,"
Kimberley was a farm, just as flat and uninteresting as other farms in the karroo,
and it was not until a passing traveller noticed the pretty and brilliant stones that the
farmers'children were playing with, that
any one dreamed of the fabulous wealth of
diamonds hidden below.
Now Kimberley is a large and thriving
town and until a few years ago it was the
centre of trade and business, and upon its
prosperity depended the prosperity of South
The town itself is flat, and as uninteresting as a town can be, for everybody's aim
soems to have been to make as much money
as possible and then leave ; and the result
is that, with the exception of one or two
street), thc town is composed of a collection
of corrugated iron huts and buildings, all
equally hideous in appearance.
At grst, each digger had a small plot of
land allotted to him, 30 feet by 10 feet, and
from the earth he dug out ho extracted the
diamonds by working and sifting. But as
the digging was carried deeper, these claims
began to fall in, and complications arose
which ended in almost all the mines being
purchased by the De Beers Company, who
now virtually control the diamond market,
and by limiting the output have raised
the price aud made it a profitable enterprise.
What remains of the open mine is an
enormous hole in the ground which very
much resembles tbe holes children are so
fond of digging on the seashore. In fact, it
might well have been the playground of a
gigantic race of children, who had dug these
holes and loft them as soon as they had
tired of their amusement.
The largest of these holes is more than
half a mile round and about 500 feet deep,
and as there arc four mines all nearly as
large, one can form some rough idea of the
enormous amount of earth that has been removed in searching for the precious pieces
of carbon.
At present all the mining is done by
underground tunnelling, the same as in a
coal mine; and thanks to an introduction I
had to the general manager, I was granted
the exceptional favour of going below. I
met tbe underground manager���a canny
Yorkshire miner���at the time, and attired
myself in an old canvas jacket, a pair of
trousers, and a slouch hat, which a tramp
would not have accepted as a gift, Another
visitor completed the trio, and we managed
to squeeze ourselves into a little lift only 2
feet6 inches square, and at the word "All
right" we were shot from the brilliant light
of an African sun into utter darkness, whicli
was only occasionally relieved as we rattled
down past the different levels. To our
.right was another shaft, up which the earth
is taken, and we would now and then hear
the big skip rush up with a roar and rumble
at something like thirty miles an hour.
Down and down we went, until I thought
we were never going to stop ; but at last
we gradually slowed up, and then stopped
with a jerk at the seven hundred and fifty
feet level.
Before us was a scene which I shall never
forget. Picture to yourself a large cavern,
which might well have been the entrance
to hell, dimly lit by a few electric lights,
and filled with mist and sulphurous fumes,
through which emerged the naked forms of
dusky and perspiring natves, who were
hauling and emptying the trucks which
had been filled with the precious blue
earth. Toward this cave*n ran several
tunnels, equally dimly lit md full of vapour, which vomited forth track after truck
of blue earth, whicli was speedily whisked
to the surface by the enormous skip.
At first I was bewildered by the noise
and the peculiar surroundings, but I soon
became used to it, and st uml led along after
our guide down one of tho gilleries,
These galleries only meatured about 5
feet in height, and in many places less than
that; while the ground was n'orn away into ruts and boles, in and out of which we
stumbled, often up to our aikles in black
slush, and groping our wa/ as best wo
could by the light of thn candle we carried
in our hands. From the nain tunnels
branch off side workings, and at these
points the air was suffocating, What with
the number of candles burning in the mine,
the dynamite used, and the number of men
workings the air becomes unbearably hot
and stifling in the higher levels. The perspiration was streaming from my face ; and
even the natives seemed to fed the heat,
for I often could only distinguish them from
the rocks by the candle-light glistening on
their naked and pe �� piling bodies.
We descended a vertical ladder to the
level beneath, and here we had to wait
whilst a charge of dynamite ciploded, Wo
all waited in silence, which was only broken
by the drip, drip of water oozing through
the rock, and the heavy breathing of some
of the natives, who were glad of a short
respite fro n their arduous work, when suddenly thoro was a roar and a rush of air
which blew out all our candles and made
my oars throb painfully, Wo woro then
allowed to continue our walk, the air being
more filled with fumes than beforo.
Thus wo wont on for nearly two hours,
along one tunnel as far as the working end,
examining the progress of each gang of
men, until I was fain tn say that I had
had enough, und should boglail to return to
the surface, So wo throe, tired, dirty, and
perspiring mortals entered tho lift once
morc, and were soon drawn to the surface,
where in the glorious daylight, nnd with tho
blue sky above mc, all our subterranean experience seemed a hideous nightmare.
The blue-earth���it is so called from its
color���is taken in trucks to tho "floors"
(large open spaces, some miles in extent),
where the earth is laid out and allowed tu
pulverise by the action of sun and rain.
After somo months il is again taken up,
and carried to the washing machine, where
the earth is washed aud sifted, all the diamonds and heavy stones falling to the bottom. Another machine washes away tlio
larger portion of tho stones, and those that
are left aro carefully sorted ovor by hand
and thc diamonds picked out. It was vory
interesting to watoh tho men sorting over
theso stones. About a bushel would be
brought iu and thrown down on a tin-covered table, and they would then bo turnod
ovor with a pieco of tin, and tho diamonds
picked out and put in a sort of locked poor-
Garnets aro found in groat numbors, and
these pretty Btones are horo considered
One afternoon I went into the offices of
the De Beers Company and saw a parcel of
diamonds being sorted.
On a long bench i:i front of the windows
were piles of diamonds of all sizes, shapes,
and colors, laid out an white paper in much
the same way as sugar is weighed out at a
grocer's. The diamonds varied in size from
a hazel-nut to a pin's head, and though
chiefly of that pure white color which is
the marked characteristic of diamonds, yet
some were grey, pink, and other tints. The
diamonds on the table were about ��30,000
in value in the roigh, and of course would
be worth much more whon polished ; and I
longed to he able to bring away a few of
the finest.
Diamonds arc ill sold at so much pej
carat and at presort the average price is
29s. 6d. per carat: but the price varies
from 4s. or 5��, for the smallest and com mon ���
est8tones, called "boart" (which aro used
for grinding the diamonds), up to almost
any price for a la-ge and beautiful stone.
One Billow Snepjs n Sailor From His Ship,
Another llrlngs Hint Back.
After a terrific combat with winds and
waves the British steamship British Prince
came into New York the other day with
ihe story of a rescue more startliup than
any tiling Clark Russell ever dared to write.
The British Prince came from Mediterranean
ports, As soon as she got outside the
Straits nf Gibraltar she encountered the
fierce gales whicli have been recently making such havoc on the North Atlantic. She
is not a large steamer, and though stanch
and well found, she had a hard time of it,
the waves breaking over her decks and
pounding her back as she struggled to advance. Still, inch by inch she struggled
on, until her coal began to give out and she
ran into St. Michael's, iu tho Azores, for a
fresh supply. After leaving St. Michael's
she met ihe same kind of weather as before,
and had it up to Sandy Hook. When 400
miles east by south of Sandy Hook tho
steamer sighted what Captain Innis, who
commands the British Priuce, thought was
a pilot boat. A heavy south-west gale was
blowing,and a tremendous sea was running.
The supposed pilot boat was headed south
and had not a stitch of canvas up. She was
apparently deserted. The pilot commissioners say there is no pilot boat in that
region from New York, and none at sea for
which any fear is felt. Still Captain Innis
thinks it was a pilot boat.
It was 3 o'clock in the afternoon when
the supposed pilot boat was sighted. Three
hours later, as the captain was eating his
supper, and doing so with considerable
difficulty on account of the pounding and
the rolling of the ship,and the second officer
was on the bridge, a great wave, which the
first officer says was "liko a cliff," camo
over the bows, carrying away everything
before it. The Sweedish boatswain of the
ship, Charles Lastadius, was on what is
called tho " fly bridge," a structure extending out in front of the real bridge. Ho saw
the cliff of water falling on him and grasped
a stanchion. Stanchion and man were
swept away like leaves before a hurricane.
The second officer saw the boatswain rise
on the top of a wave close on the starboard
hand. It was bright starlight, so the
struggling man could be seen as he was
swept along on the great surging billows,
and he was shouting for help.
Thomas Jones is the second officer's name
and Mr. Jones made one of the greatest
casts of any kind ever read in the seafaring
tales. Ho grabbed a life-buoy which was
hanging handy on the bridge, and threw it
out into the waves with such precision that
it settled down over the boatswain's head,
just as the people at Conoy Island threw
rings ovor cheap canes in the booths of the
" fakirs" in summer time. The man pulled
it down under his arms, and though the
water was so intensely cold that it numbed
him, struggled bravely for life. The cap-
taiu, hearing theory of "man overboard,"
ran on deck and ordered the ship backed
down toward whero the boatswain could be
seen, rising on the top of the giant waves
in the starlight,and driving tothe northeast.
The steamer backed down past the man,
trying to get near him, and then a great
wave swept him around the bows to the
front side of the ship. Then ho was swept
away into the night and Captain Innis lost
sight of him.
But the captain heard a loud cry from
him, and noting a star in ths direction
from which the cry came he steered by that
star and soon saw him again bobbing like a
cork on the foaming crest of the starlit
waves, The steamer ran toward the struggling man and then close to him, until he
was just abeam closo aboard. A great wave
reared itself with the boatswain on its
crest and dashed him against tho vessel's
rail. Ho grasped it as a drowning man
would, and the wavo, receding, left him
thore. The man was dazed, as well us he
might bo and clung so tightly to tbo rail
that it took five of his shipmates lo loosen
bis hold and carry him bolow. Hot water,
hot whisky and hot cloths Boon brought
him about all right, and whon the British
Prince arrived horo yosterday bo was nono
the worse for his remarkable adventuro.
Tracks Laid Every Whiter Across Ihe rro.
tea Ml, Lawrence.
Tho communications between the two
shores of tho St. Lawronoo Rivor at Montreal aro made, as is known, by the means n
tho Victoria Tubular Bridge, constructed
somo thirty fivo years ago, which is tho
longest in the world, the metallic span being
6,,r)00 feol long.
But from this point to tho Atlantic, for a
distance of 1,000 miles, thoro is uo other
bridgo and all the railroads established on
both sidos the St. Lawrence have necessarily to cross it. Tho company of the Grand
Trunk railroad, which built it, lovics aright
of way toll of $10 per car and eight conts
por passenger.
To avoid payment of theso moneys tho S,
I'l. railroad company had tho idea, somo ten
yoars ago, of constructing in winter a communication betwoon tbo two shores by
means of a railroad established on tho ieo.
Kvery winter the work is dono over again,
and it amply pays for the outlay, Tho
length of this ice road is about two miles,
between Hocholaga and Longuoil.
Tho roadway is easily built. Tho track
leaves tho main track parallel to tho shoro,
tber. curves gradually in such a manner as
to bo perpendicular to it, and, then, again,
before it strikes the other shoro, it curves
anew bo as to become nearly parallel to tho
opposite Bide, and thon it In conneotod with
the main track on this shoro.
Abmil lhe Coolest Wralhcr They Have Ut
Some Paris of Africa.
Mr. Monnicr, a member of Captain Bing-
er's narty, whicli i.s now carrying out a
political mission in the countries around
Kong, the long-mysterious city that Binger
revealed to the world a few years ago, has
sent home a doleful picture of the discomforts of life in that hot climate. He saya
be is writing at the capital ot the large district Indenie. The town is the residence of
the king, but, nevertheless, it is one of the
most miserable villages he ever saw. Day
and night, he says, the heat is almost insufferable. The huts are superheated and
it is impossible to sleep in them. The party
have to make their beds outside the straw
dwellings set apart for their use. No water
cau bo found that is fit to drink. There is
no running stream within some miles of the
village, but there are some swampy places
in which the people often bathe before filling tlicir water jugs from the same puddle.
Thc Binger party found it necessary under
these unpleasant circumstances not only to
filter the water but to boil it befor! uso.
After 10 o'clock in the morning, the heat
makes life a burden. In thc shadiest places
the thermometer shows a temperature of
nearly 100 degrees Fahrenheit, The party
would be glad to eliminate from the day
the six hours between 10 a, m. and 4 p.m.
Nono of them are able to sit down to work.
It is necessary constantly to change trom
one place to another, in order to create the
illusion that a little air is moving,
to work in one place is all they can stand.
It is remarkably difficult to write up their
note books, or even to indite a simple letter.
The party would be very glad to be left alone
in their misery, but not for a single moment
can they escape the crowd that surrounds
them. The reeking natives, from six o'clock
iu the morning, begin to show the liveliest
interest in every act of their white visitors.
They crowd into and around their huts,
touch them, ask them questioos and make
them as miserable as possible. When the
white men go to bed it is the turn of the wild
beasts and the domestic animals to add to
their wretchedness. The writer complains
partictilarlyof hundreds of sheep who wander
at will through the village and keep up a
most pathetic bleating. The general tone of
Mr. Monnier's remarks, according to the
New Vork Sun, indicates that he has had
about all of Africa that he wants. He may
beoneofthenutr.erous persons who, in spite
of all that has been written, imagine that
they are going to have a royal time when
they go to Africa and give no thought whatever to the privations and hardships of
pioneering in that country, which in its
pical regions under the best of circumstances is a very uncomfortable place to wander over.
Lecturer���" What is doarer to a man
than his wife ?"   Bachelor���" Her jewelry."
Maud���" That was a politic move of
Lottie's." Leila���"Yes; kind of a Charlotte ruse."
Whenever there is any doubt about s>
dog's sanity an ounce of lead is worths,
pound of cure.
Voung Mr. Dolley���"Miss Amy, what
is the best way of killing time in the Winter!"   Amy-"Sleigh it."
Sparks���" Why do trolleymen on electric
cars wear rubber gloves?" Flash���" Because they're not conductors."
Justice O'Halloran���" Have you any
children, Mrs. Kelly?" Mrs. Kelly���"I
hev two livtn' and wan married."
"Doesn't it beat all how that woman,
married four times, still attracts men?"
"Oh, no.   The widow's might, you know."
" Say, Phalim, phwat's a ventriloquist!"
" He's a lad phwat stands on one side ar
th' room and talks to himself from th1
" If it wasn't for the envy which the
noise of opening a bottle raises in the bosa
oms of the poor fellows who can't afford to
buy it there wouldn't be much fun in drinking champagne."
" What do you mean sir," asked the irate
bishop of the newly ordained Boston minister "by ending your prayers eternally
gyrated, amen!" " But, my dear bishop,"
expostulated the minister, " don't you
tliink it sounds better than whirled without end!"
Friend of the Family���" But I thought
John had a situation. You told me only a day
nr two ago that he was driving a coal wagon." John's Wife���" Yes i but they have
lischarged him. He didn't weigh enough.
They havo a man now who is as good as
300 pounds of coal every time he drives on
the scales.
Words in The Telephone-
Long-distance telephoning has becomo ft
littlo science on its own account, and haa
called into exislenco a class of operators who
aro valuable by reason of tho clearness and
sharpness with which lliey can pronounce
words whilo speaking rapidly,
It has also developed the fact that thi
French language is better adapted to tht
purposes of thc telephone i ban the Knglish,
Tne ordinary business of '.he long-distance
telephono between Paris and London is car*
ried on in the French language. It is stated
that tho considerable proportion of sibilant
or hissing syllables in Knglish renders it
a less easy and accurate means ot communt*
Certain English words are especially diffi.
cult of transmission by telephone. The
word "soldier" is cited as ono of these.
Proper names frequently occur, in the midst
of an otherwise perfectly audible and intelligible conversation, which the car cannot
possibly catch. These must be spelled out,
involving dolay.
Kxpert telephone operators in the Reutcr
firess service between Paris and Londot
lave succeeded in transmitting messages ia
tbo French language at the rate of one hundred and ninety words a minute. This is at
a much swifter rate than ordinary speech,
Tho speed at which these messages cat
be transmitted is limited, however, by the
proficiency of the stenographers, who must
tako them down from the receiver's mouth}
and the stenographers acting in concert have
limited the number of words which may ha
he taken in three minutes to four hundred.
The three-minute piriod is the one fixe!
upou in this cose, as the telephone company
m lee a charge of ten francs, or two doU
lars, for the use of the wire for three miaa
utei or a less tiBft ��fy> ftootencuj Star
SATURDAY, FEB. 25, 1893.
It is with deep regret tbnt we
notice onr esteemed contemporary,
the Nelsou Minki:, is evincing symptoms of softening of tlio brain. It is
pad to see such nn erstwhile vigorous
disseminator of uows, logic, und invective drifting into hopeless imbecility. '��� To what base uses we may
We presume tbe majority of thoso
wbo will arrive with tbe spring will
come  here  with  the   intention of
making money.   In a country like
Ihis there are more ways than one of
Bcoumulating wealth.   To those of
largo capital there are rich plums to
be bail for the plucking���bonanzas in
the Bhapo of mines with millions of
Bilver iu sight.   Kootenny mines will
never again bo as cheap as tbey are
now.   But tbe great majority of the
newcomers will be lookiug for lens
ambitious investments than buying
���diver mines.   To such' people the
buying of good townsite lots will be
the" most popular road to wealth.   It
is true West Kootenay has a superabundance of new townsites, and it is
hardly likely tbat all of tbem will
attain to citybood.   But in suoh a
rch mining country as tbis there can
be no doubt that  those favorably
situated will grow with astonishing
rapidity.    We need  only instance
Kaslo in proof.   Nine months ago
there was but one shanty there. Now
it contains a population of  3,000,
with nine hotels, a Board of Trado,
and is seeking incorporation.   There
are one or two sites that nre even
Euperior to Kaslo.     The Lardeau
is the newest and richest of the West
Kootenay mining districts, gold and
copper beiug found in conjunction
with tbe largest silver ledges ever
discovered on this continent, aud tbe
coming season will seo a vast army of
miners  and   prospeotors  on  every
mountain side within its precincts,
while tbe number of mines already
bonded  ensures  a large influx of
capital to work tbem   A town withiu
easy distance of tbe Lardeau mines
will certainly not be a failure, and a
town right iu the heart of it must
assuredly become a populous place
in a very short time.   Tbe ouly spot
available for a townsite in the Lardeau are tbe beautiful level plateaux
ut tbe uortbern end of Trout Lake.
On tbis fiivored spot a town is being
laid out, and we predict that before
lbe summer closes the site will bo
covered with bouses.   A large business will be doue there, seeiug that
by that time it will be ouly ten miles
distant from  tbe  terminus of  the
Iievelstoke ami Arrow Lake Railway,
which will be extended through tbe
Lardeau to Kootenay Lake next year.
iSuch is Trout Lake City, aud those
of our readers who desire to iuore so
their capital can find no better means
of doiug so than by purchasing lots
now which by tbe time mentioned
will have increased in value several
hundred per cent.   It is a beautiful
spot from a residential poiut of view.
Tbe placid lake is famed far and near
as an angler's paradise, and, as its
name implies, it is, par excellence, the
haunt of tbe game fish, "speckled
beauties" of   immcuse  size having
beeu taken from its waters with a
common worm bait.   Tbe scenery i.s
sublime antt the climate mild, the
snowfall beiug considerably less than
here,   All these statements ire corroborated by everyone who has been
there.  We have no monetary interest
iu 1 rout Lake City lots, but simply
wish to inform our readers as to the
best investments fur small capitalists
in West Kooteuay, mure especially as
there are two or three " boom "
sites claiming to be in the Lardei ..
aud are adveitising that misleading
statement  fur   all   lliey  ar-   -
Uther gixxl  points fur townsite
vestments are Lardeau City, on the
Northeast  Arm. to  which  tbe   I
Creek mines are tributary ; Nakusp,
on tbe Upper Arrow Lake, will be
prosperous, seeing that as soon as the
railway to the head of the lake is
completed it will have oommnnii ation
with  tbe  I   I'.   .  main  ime  all  the
tear round,   ami   i eqnently the
bulb "f the Slooan ore will In. taken
out that way .   Nakusp is also a very
agreeable and ,
place.    Nn oni
Kudu lots still offer a |
From tlie Western Milling Co. of Regina.
'I bis company at present find themselves compelled to double tiik sizu
of theih mill, tlie demand for tbeir Hour having so largely increased.
The wheat reaped on the Regina plains last harvest was pronounced tbe
best between Winnipeg ANi) the Mouktains, special Samples being
secured for the World's Fair at Chicago.
Flour mnde from this quality of wheal is the articlo Mr. Robson is uow
offering to tbe inhabitants of Revelstoke aud district.
Patent Hungarian, Strong Baker's, Oats, Shorts, Bran,
Chopped Feed, Rolled Oats, Granulated
Oatmeal, Wiieat, Hay, &c.
This space is reserved
Always soo Robsou's prices beforo buying elsewhere.   Thoy will be tbo
,iet un- que residentii
can gainsay lhat
profitable investment, ami if tbey dn nut ���/,, very
much higher tin-) will certainly main
tain present pre'.-s for some time to
Uuited States to Canada in tbe noxt
ten years, and these immigrants will
not be confined to ex-Canadians, but
among them will be found thousands
of native-born Americans, who aro
leaving their own country for reasons
stated below,
The Winnipeg Free Press says :-
Returning immigration agents wbo
have been working in the States in
the interests of the Canadian Northwest report tbe prospects for iu-
ooming settlers this year as beyum*
all expectations. T. G. Pierce, who
for several months has been organizing the work in the Slate of Washington, principally in the districts of
Tacoma, Spokane and Palonse, arrived from the west last evening, aod
to a reporter gave a few interesting
facts :���
" What will the immigration from
Washington amouut to tUis year?"
was the reporter's query,
"It will be immense. I havo been
there six weeks, aud Alberta and
other favored spots will receive a
great influx this spring."
"Why ilo they wish to leave?"
"Tbey are very dissatisfied with
their own conntry. Taxation is too
high, interest is exorbitant, and their
orops are not what they used tu be.
They are also dissatisfied with tbe
administration of the la'.is tbere-a
man can get married to-day, divorced
to-morrow, and he warned again tbe
third day. lint there are other laws
equally bad, which are even more
complained of.''
"What clans are the settlers who
. are desirous ol wiving?'1
"Mostly (luuadiaus wbo left their
j native land Beteral years ago, aud
' are now desirous of returning. They
"ill settle in most cuoco o., C. P. It.
', lauds, bringing in good implements,
herds of cattle, and other Btock "
Mr. Pierce afterwards Jidt for
Ottawa to consult with the imuiicrit-
tiou department ou the Uiutier of
entering all farm auimals free of
duty. Liter advices, from Ottawa
state that tbe Cabinet has ileciued to
e.-ttab.iali u 90 days' quaractiuo ou
settler/ cattle from the States. Tins
actum has been taken for tbe purpose
of satisfying the Imperial authorities
that every precaution is beiug takeu
to prevent plenro-pueuuiODia euu-r-
ing Canada. It will seriousl. retard
tbe migratory movemirit from the
western states, if it does nol kill it
Most of the��e immizranN wil' pass
through Revelstoke, coming up the
Columbia River by boat, and the
expectancy of this large traffic ought
to act as a stimulant to the C. P. li.
authorities to mike an effort to
c mplete the line from here to tho
Arrow Lake tbis "iimmer.
The In.lnitnal World, of Spokane,
says:���"We are in receipt ol a e ipi
of thp Dominion Lands Aet, which
comprises   the land   policy of   tlie
Dominion Government,    L'he Gov
ertiment is oo operating with  ibe
1 ���nindiim i'acilic Railway Company
to induce immigration to the ( ,  i
dian Northwest, and, it is said, with
excellent success  Tie United States
Government ia also oo-operatlog by
making it undesirable to live this
side the  hue     *    *    '    Tie    D I
minion Government has pursued t
liberal policy to indooe immigration
and protect the settler    We are In
formeo that the rates of io'tires! I i
money are in nob lown:  i|,  . .  ri
I be primitive bonestj uf ihi p
'o .limb nil travellers tcstif.i, indi
eatej t|i it tiiis part of the Qoeen
dominions nny yet become the on ,
del of American liberty."
Coming Hum.; Again.
Great baa been the llieODSBion in
the Ottawa Parliament anent the
980,000 Canadian* alleged lo have
gone over to the States to better
Heir condition. Sir Richard Cart-
wright an.i Ins followers endeavored
to make political capital tint Ol the
fact that all these hao lelt Canada
during the past len j.BI'S. Il wan
hhoffO, however, frorn aorUrate rn-
luro",  that   the  actual iiicrua-te of
c.iwii'ii is in the U ited States for
that i o io i was w I,. 261,886, Prom
���present appearances there is overy
likelihood tbat a far greater ii timber
���*t��u thia villi emigrate from the
In obedience to a writ of Fi Pa issued
out of tbe Supreme Court of British
Columbia, dated the 14th day of
February, 1803, und to me directed
iu the above-named suit for the sum
of $10,481.23, and ��3.50 for costs
of execution, etc., aud also interest
on ��10,458.34, at 6 per ceut. per
annum, from tbe 20th day of January, 1803, until payment, besides
sheriff's fees, poundage, uud all
other expenses of this execution,
I have seized nnd will SELL by
PCBLIC AUCTION the following
GOODS on THURSDAY, the 2nd
day oi March, ]8i/3, at the Kootooay
(B.C.) Smelting & Trading Syndicate
I Limited) works, nuiir Baveisloke,
B.C., at 12 o'clock mum, to satisfy
the judgment debt and costs in tbis
action, it the said amounts are not
sooner paid,
1 stationary hoisting engine and
hoisting gear.
1 stationary engini and fixturee in
lowi r engine-room.
1 fan blast aud Allures.
1 Guruey scale, capacity 3,500 lbs.
1 large stationary engine,
1 steam pump.
5 irou wheelbarrows.
2 large oil tanks, with pumps.
2 jack screws.
50 feet rubber hosB.
60 feet baud iron.
200 feet hemp rope,
5 boxes window glass.
IT slag puis, small.
''.'    ��     "    large.
It- moulds, quantity crushed ore,
wire rope, charcoal snd coke, number
metal oastiugs, p'dleyB, belts, etc.
Sinn iff of Kootenay,
Revelstoke, Feb. 40th, 1898,
Revelstoke Station Post Office.
Stoves, Tinware, Crockery, Glassware. Carpets.
Doors, Windows, Builders' Hardware, Paints, Oils, Varnishes-
Bakery in connection with Store.
ssrs. 0. B. Hume & Co.,
Bevel-toke fitetfon-
Consignment of Butter and Eggs received evary week..
Railway Men's Requisites.
For fnfnrmai.nn and fret flanrtti'inir wrlto to
MtJ.NN ft CO.. Sffl Hhoauwa r, nr.w JroBW,
OlrtwAtdirfnii for m-ynrlm*: pntc-Titri in America.
Broritttent taken ont by un r* hr-iiKM Mora
tho iiublio '->v a (joMqo tfirim I uo of (.Iim-ru iu Mm
lArgt*ltfiTt-,ril*tltin ot nny kWimt*1I1<i jifi-.prln fli��
irwlil. Hiilumllillr IIIi/hImI.tI, No I'ltnlilirnut.
man nlioiiid be without It, Weekly, yy.Hu .
TB.r; II unit rn-.riMin. A'l Inm ,\I(:NN A U)..
fUSUBUIUI, 8011'i'jtti^ajr, Koit iltniOltr.
,LED TENPERS.ftddrcjsecl
to,lhe in ion i*nod iin.1 en��
dorsed "Tender (or VVJllinm's Head
' ' will I,, received until Wed-
.. tbe 22utl day of Mareb m it,
��� fui 'in- eonfltrnoliun of a
ivburf  for  quarantine  purposes  Bt
..A tleatl, liritisb Colnnihi i, in
; inoe wilb plaaa and a speeiflon-
tion to lie nee i nt tbe office "t the
i.  Ei ginei i, Victoria, [l.C'iod
nl the Department of Pnblio Wwlm,
Tendi rs will nol be considered nn-
lees made on tho form enppliod nnd
signed with thc notnal signatures of
i rs.
\, accepted bunk cbenne, pnvnblo
o    ��� ordor of the Minister of I' iblio
Works, cqnnl  lo ptvi   ri li r;i   I'.01
���.moi ��� .       ���     n, mo   nocoropnny
u h   eu ill i      I In, rli' one will be
forfeited il Lbe party decline tbo Eon
tract or fail to complete tbo work
contracted for, and will I"' n 'nrnod
in case of nun acceptance of tumlur,
'llm Uepnrtnient tloea  nn1.   bind
itself to accept tlio lowest or any
tendi r.
By order,
E.F.E. i:"V,
Depnrtinonl of Pnblio Works,
Ottawa, 7tb I'ebriwry, 18U8.
T. L.
Mining and Real Estate Rroker and General
Uonimissiun Agent.
MINING CLAIMS Bought and Sold.
Furniture & Undertaking.
R .   H O VV S O N ,
Has a large Stock of fioinehold Furniture, Coffins, Caskets,
Slirvuas ive.
The Prayer in the Snow.
Tho snow toll thick, and the snow fell fast,-
Amoan from tho trees whore tho winter
wind lingers I���
Jack Frost whirlod by, and with icy fingers
Shook from his looks tho wintry blast.
The fire on the hearth in the oottor's home
Fluttered, and out the cinders skurried,
As the wind round and round the chlmnoy
Said tho oo Iter, "' Tis a fearful night to roam;
" But tho dog whines, and pleads with pitying
Mayhap some stranger's lost In the snow.
So out the collie, ana cotter go,
To list if the wind hears a human cry.
Hot far from thedoor In a drift of Bnow
Two ohildren wero lost, and bitterly crj ln��,
While the winter wind went mournfully sigh
Whilo the ley snow skurried to and fro.
"Dear Ood"-��nd tho moon peeped out-prayed Lu,
"Dear Ood, comfort our darling mamma,
And don't forget our own, own papa;
And watch our grave in the snow, please do I
But before the ohildren had said. " Amen,"
The cotter's dog gavo -.joyful bark;
And soon tho ohildren w��re out of tho dark,
And soon wero safe at their home again,
" Butmamma," said Lulu tho wise," don't yoi
seel i
It was Ood sont the dog and the man out thai
niB|lt- ... ..       .
God hoard my woe prayer, from his homo In
thollght, .  L.   ,     ���
Aud sent baok, to oomfort you, both of wo.
-IMyru*. B. Castle.
Hugh Ardcs was 16 years old when he
met with the adventure that nearly cost hio?
his life.
Hugh wis a tall, muscular boy for his
ago, and the best wrestler among his schoolmates His parents moved to the north
woods of Ontario when Hugh was a lad iu
From the time he was old enough to carry
a gun he was in the woods all his spare
time, and perhaps more than that, since
hit mother often chided him for leaving
" chorea" undone to go after a deor or fox.
However, Hugh was, generally speaking,
a good boy, and aided not a little, with his
rifle, in keeping the home larder filled. His
father being a hard working man, was but
little at home, as he worked at a saw-mill
six miles away, going to his work on Monday morning and not returning until Saturday night.
When Hugh was 16, his father bought
him a rifle, with which the boy was more
than delighted. He promised to be more
faithful than ever to repay his father for so
fine a present.
It was not long ere both boy and parents
had cause to rejoice at the purchase.
Hugh frequented the woods more than
ever now, and was quite successful in bringing down game. On one occasion he had
the good fortune to shoot two large bucks,
thus supplying the family with meat for a
long time.
One afternoon in autumn Hugh was returning from a hunt along the river several
miles from home, with his Winchester flung
over his arm carelessly. His face wore a
grave expression, since ho had met ill-luck
that day, having expended several rounds
of ammunition without bringing down any
As he emerged into a little settlement on
the river bank he was attacted by a crowd
of people gathered iu front of a house, talking rapidly, and seemingly deeply excited.
The lad hurried forward, anxious to learn
the meaning of thc excitement,
" My women folks seen a bear down in
the berry bushes," explained a tall settler,
in answer to a question from Hugh,
" It was the biggest critter lever seed,"
put in one of the women. "' Twas black
as ink, an' bigger 'n our cow. I tell ye,
wasn't me 'n Melissy soart, though! We
streaked it fur home. I fell down twice,
an' spilt all my berries."
The woman paused for want of breath,
and Hugh turned to the men, who had
armed themselves, and seemed ready to start
in pursuit of the bear.
" If you have no objections I will aoeom.
pany you," said Hugh, modestly.
"It you ain't afear'd, you can go, of
course," said cne of the settlers.
Hugh laughed at the idea of fear, armed
as he was with a sixteen-shooter, and at
once prepared to accompany the men in the
hunt for bruin.
It was only a mile to the berry patch, and
the three men with Hugh soon reached it.
After a short search, seeing nothing of the
bear, the four came together for a short consultation. After some discussion it was decided to separate and beat up the bushes
The berry patch was about half a mile in
extent, composed of a dense mass of fallen
timber, as well as a thick growth of blackberry bushes. Tho berry season was nearly over, and bruin was doubtless foraging
for the last crop when seen by the settlers
Hugh found himself skirting the south
side of windfall, when he was brought to a
sudden standstill by a low, angry growl,
At once he dropped his Winchester to a
level and peered ahaYply ahead, Only a
minute thus, whon tin bushes wore agitated and a blaok snou' was poked over a fallen tree not ten yards distant, Quickly
Hugh raised his gun and fired.
With a howl of pain the near dropped
from sight, The bushes wero agitated as
the brute rushed away, Hugh waB deeply
excited now, fully believing he had wounded the bear. He felt elated at the thought
that he might be able to kill the huge animal before any of the men came up.
Pushing boldly forward the boy was soon
in hot and eager pursuit. Soon he hoard a
furious howling and thrashing in the bushes
not far distant. Bruin seemed to have become fastened in a treetop, much to the delight nf Hugh, who believed that he could
now dispatch the animal without danger to
Eagerly tho boy pressed forward and soon
found himself upon tho boar, whioh was
thrashing about madly, in a tanglo of limbs
and bushes.
Standing within twenty feet of tho brute,
Hugh leveled his rille. Aiming at the huge
shouUcr, the hoy pulled the triggo.', With
the report camo a ory of pain and llugh saw
a red stain coursing down tho shaggy coat
of bruin. Another shot will finish him,
thought the boy, who trembled with excitement.
Hugh roalizod that the report of his giuu j ml)re  softly
Would bring he men to Iiis side, which  beautiful.
mado him anxious to dispatch the bear before they should arrive.
Seeing the animal fall and flounder in the
bushes, Hugh advanced boldly, with thc
hammer of his rifle raised, ready to send in
another shot the moment opportunity offered. He was almost upon the bear, when
the brute reared upright and confronted
him, with open mouth and flaming eyes,
It was evident that the animal was
severely, if not fatally wounded, and it was
foolhardy in Hugh to approach so near the
enraged brute. The lad, however, felt no
fear with so many shots in his repeating
" I have yoi now, you old rascal 1" exclaimed Hugh, thrusting the muzzle of his
rifle almost against the head of the bear.
He pulled the trigger,
No report followed, and Hugh staggered
back in dismay. Hit gun had never missed
fire before; to do so now was most unpleasant.
Again be pulled. N�� report. Hastily
removing thc cartridge, or at least supposing
he did so, Hugh pumped in anothar, and
again pulled tht trigger. A dull mttallo
click alonayansweroa.
At this moment the bear teemed to take
in the tituation, and moved toward Hugh.
One mere ineffectual attempt to fire convinced the boy that not a cartridge remain-
id in t|H'gun. In bis exeitement on seeing the bear he had neglected to refill the
magazine. He stood unarmed before a
wounded and enraged bear.
For fully a minute Hugh Arden stood trembling and faint with terrible fright before
hit four-footed enemy. At length he man-
awd to turn and flee,
He staggered as he moved, and before
going ton rods, his foot became entangled
in a mass of vines, and he felt himself fall,
With howls that were almost human in
thoir agony and rage, the wounded bear
rushed in pursuit of his foe. Bruin waB al-
most at his heels when Hugh fell. As he
went down into a hollow several feet in
depth. Beforo he could move the bear
plunged headlong over a fallen tree, and
Crashed down upon the helpless boy.
Twenty minutes later two men, armed
with rifles, appeared on the scene, attracted by the shots fired by Hugh.
The huge form of the bear nearly covered
the hollow in which Hugh lay. The animal
was quite still, and an examination showed
that he was dead.
" Both on' em dead," said one of the
settlers, as he aided in rolling the carcass of
the bear from Hugh.
" It do look like it," replied the other.
The depth and smallness of the hollow,
however, had saved the boy from being
crushed, aud in a short time he opened his
eyes, apparently none the worse for his
fainting, although quite sore from numerous bruises.
It was Hugh's bear, the settlers declared,
and they assisted him to remove the skin,
which he bore in triumph to his home late
that night. Ynu may be sure the boy never
forgot that day's adventure, which came so
near terminating his earthly oxistence.
An American Institution Which is Not
Worth Keeping.
The store loafer is distinctively an institution of this continent. His shingle hangs
out in every county. Times or seasons
make no change in his habits. You find
him in Summer ventilating his person and
opinions astride a barrel or in spinal proximity to tho surface of a dry goods box, In
Winter he is only invisible when mud or
snow blockades the road, but when a rabbit can walk or a squirrel escape interment
the foot of the loafer, after finding its sock,
approaches the grocer's store. Here he
whittles and rotates tobacco, evaporates
what little steam is left in his anatomy and
adds the knowledge of his neighbors' business to what he has forgotten of its duty
and his debts. He absorbs caloric from a
stove burning another man's coal, the tobacco he reduces to ash aud nicotine is largely
gratuitous, while for the corner he occupies
he pays uo rent except in spots on the floor
and observations made on sugar, beans and
It is needless to say that as bis eyes are
innocent of a bandage and his ears are not
blockaded, that what ho imbibes through
both mediums makes him expert as a social
critic and a scandal artist. It is from such
gentlemen at oase that 90 per cent, of town
gossip finds its insidious way. He enjoys
the news as he does his pipe, and generally
manages to leave even a newsboy or a sewing meeting in the rear when he unloads his
memory and uncorks himself on the public
ear. It iB not to be supposed that a man
addicted to this kind of pastime has much
ambition to wet his own skin with honest
perspiration. As a rule he cares more for
slicing watermelon than for cutting wood,
and has a gift of grumbling when his wife
fails to reconstruct the stovepipe or misses
connection with the coal house.
In a personal and social sense the storo
loafer is nothing less delicate than a publio
nuisance. Everybody but himself is cognizant of this three story fact, and we know of
nothing that can make him so excepting
conversion or admonitory Bhoe leather. Few
men in business but would rather tolerate a
white-faced hornet than a chronic loafer. It
is certainly one of the missing planks in
modern reform that store loafing should escape criticism and slow death aud be allowed to associate itself with dry goods and
groceries to the hindrance of business and
injury to the public stomach, to say nothing of the scandal and gossip that has an
artesian well in the wrinkled vest of the
tounger. There are but few evils in a coun-
sry town, except a want of sidewalks and
lewerage, that by weight or measure oan
discount the nuisance of store loafing.
Be thy creed or thy prayers what they
may, unless thou hast truth within thee
thou wilt not find tht path to true happiness.   The source of bnal happiness it in
the heart, and only the fool seeks it else-
whi *e.
Judge none lost; but wait and see
\\ ith hopeful pity, not disdain ;
Thc depth of the abyss may be
The measure of the height of pain
And love and glory that may raise
This soul to Ood in after days 1
The earth growl morc beautiful as men
grow better and wiser. Mark, how thesense
of  beauty  reacts  upon tho nature of all
savage  and civilized  alike, disposing to
deeds of gentleness and peace.   Man treads
as the   scene   grows   more
Whence those wonder-woven visions,
Borno on My-tery's weirdest wings,
Filling nightly minds ot mortals
With a wor.d of phantom things!
Po thoy oome from realm' of spirits
Whilo tho body lies at rest,
And tho spirit freo to wandor.
Speaks to spirit unoppreis'dl
As at eve the summer lightning
Leaps from out the slumbering cloud;
So in dreams tho spirit flashes
From its clay-oncumbor d shroud,
And the visions of our slumber
Shed a radiance richer far.
Than tho moonbeams ovor kindled,
Or the light of heaven's star,
As at dawn Aurora arising
Flings her banners to the iky;
So in dreams tha spirit ranging
Beaches hill-tops heaven-high;
Scales serene, celestial mountains;
Roams where mortals never trod;
Drinks the cup of love's sweet nectar,
And ia thoufht communes with Ood.
a t t
Childhood Vlaloni-Golden Visions I
Bright with Joy's angelic wings;
Clad ff 1th Love's celestial garments;
Breathing Ufa's divinest things!
Boyhood Visions-Blissful Visions!
Heft of every tarthly care:
Roaming where the golden Morning
Bhedl nls brightest sunbeams morel
Olrlhood Visions-Gleeful Visions!
Wrought from Fancy's fairy looms,
Where tho flowor of lifo unfolding,
8oon to richest color blooms I
Youthful Vision-Soaring Visions!
Built on Lifo i ascending scale
Reaching to ths highest Btation
From the foot-prints In tho vale!
Maiden Vision's-Joyful Visions!
Wabsof wonder wove above;
Coming from the hlghost heaven
To the human heart of love!
<���*-. J. E. Pollock, EX,
Toronto, Jan. 25th. 1893.
A Sleigh-Bide.
Just room for two-not too much room-
I tuck hor In all snug and warm ;
I'm consoious of her hair's perfume
And of tha nearness of her arm.
I Hhako tho lines out freo and gay,
The sleigh belle chimo and we re away.
Across the crisp and glittering snow,
Leaving behind the oity street,
ItH garish glare and noiso, wo go
Into the darkness, still and sweet,
And here and thero a household gleam
Flits by ui in a flying dream I
How speed the horses gaily driven I
Tho sweet bells clatter silvery mirth,
And every star is white in heaven,
And every field Is white on earth.
How darn the brightness seems! -how bright
The darkness of the winter night 1
Wo raco tho open road like wind-
But in the dim and shadowy lanes
Our wild pace slackens, and I find
One hand enough to hold the reins
And, somehow, when I try to speak,
My words aro kisses on her cheek.
Ah, life Is fair in many ways,
And full of dear, enchanting hours!
And lovo Is sweet in Bummer days,
'Mid blossoming paths and sylvan bowers 1
But let me choose, all bliss above
A sleigh-ride with the girl I love.
The flying Years-
As a dream when night is done,
As a shadow flees tho sun;
As a ship whoso whito sails skim
Ovor tho horizon dim,
As a life completo of days
Vanishoth from mortal ways,
As a hope that palos to fear-
Is tho dying of the year,
As thc first gold shaft Of light
Shivers through tho wreck of night;
As the thrill and stir that bring
Promise of the budding Spring;
As new thoughts oflife that rise
Mirrored in a sick nan's eyes,
As strange joys to hearts forlorn,
So another yoar is torn.
Glad or sad, a dwindling span
Is tho little life of nan,
Love and hopo and work and tears
Fly before the flying years;
Yet shall tremuloushoartsgrow bold
All thc story is not tolu-
For around us as a sen
Spreads God's groat Eternity,
A White World-
Inoverknew the world in whito
So beautiful could be,
As I havesoen it here to-diy
Beside tho wintry sea ;
A now earth, brido of a new hoavon,
Has been rovoalod to nu.
Thc sunrise blended wave nnd cloud
In one broad flood of gold,
But touched with rose tho world's white robes
In every curve and fold ;
While the blue air did over all
Its breath in wonder hold,
Earth was a statue half awako
Beneath hor Sculptor's hand.
How the Groat Master bends with love
Abovo tho work Ho planned I
Easy it is on such a day,
To feel and under stand.
-flitto y Larcom.
An Escaped Miner Tells Ills Thrilling Experience.
" I wa; working very quietly, away back
from the shaft of the mine, and all alone. My
labors were interrupted by a dull, smothered roar that was followed by falling earth,
and then I realized that I was penned in ;
that the mine was wrecked and that my life
waa worth little. The noise soon died away
and things were muoh as they were before.
But a little distance from my position the
earth had fallen and blocked the path. I
was at first overcome with fear. I imagined
that I could hear my brains grinding in a
tunnel. Then I lost all consciousness.
When I awoke again I was somewhat moro
calm and began to move about, I crawled
along over great banks of earth that had
fallen for a distance of fully 100 feet, then
I heard groans and I knew tbat I was noar
some injured miner, But here my progress
stopped, and I quit. A few hours later my
light burned out then my misery was complete.
"For eight days I remained quite near
that one spot, hoping against hope for deliverance. It came eventually. I heard
the sounds of pioks, and soon the glimmer
of miners' lamps shone through the various
crevices, When an opening was made I
crawled out, and I assure you that I gave
thanks. Yes, that's why pjoplo say I look
old now, when 1 am only 36, and that is
why my hair is gray. Bit I assure you
that an aged expression and gray hair are
endurable, but to starve to death in a mine
is the awfulest and deadliest way to beat
out a man's existence in ths World that I
can conceive of."
���  *��� ****** ��� ���
Among the weeds let bloom one rose,
Lo, all the field with beaity glows I
So to the plainest face a smile
Will lend it Beauty'a mask the while.
-{Frank D. Sherman.
Krupp's factory lias 2J&22 furnaces.
Great Britain has eighty miles of tunnels.
The flesh of the oyster is about 90 por
cent, water.
About 2,000 daily and weekly journals are
printed in Paris.
The fashion of serving the fijh before
meats began iu 1562.
There are twenty thousand trained nurses
in England, Ireland, and Scotland.
Salmon waa formerly believed to promote
Old manuscripts and autographs are not
bringing the prices they used to,
The agitation againit theatre hats is
ipreading; butso are the hats, unfortunately-
Pet dogs are now furnished with shoes
for the purpose of protecting the polished
Cuban harbors lather their patrons with
their hands from a bowl made tt fit under
the chin.
The profits from the sale of the works of
Charles Dickens still amoants to about ��8,-
000 a year.
The coolie, fad on riee is more active and
can endure more than the negro fed ou fat
Statistics show that the chances of fatal
accident in railway travel ii one iu every
ten million.
Her Majesty it said to be sufficiently
versed in Hindustani to keep a diary in tbat
interesting language.
The Cossacks and Circassians of the Russian Guard are mainly Mohammedans, and
consequently strict teototalers.
The largest telephone centre iii the world
is that in the exchange in Berlin, Germany,
where 7,000 wires are conuected with the
main office.
The newest fad in autograph books is one
of cooking recipes. Each formula written
in the book has the signature of the contributing friend under it.
An inmate of an American convent has
recently died, after being there 98 years,
without once going outside the convent
walls.   Her recorded age was 115 years.
A swimming tank is said to be a cure for
lameness in horses. In swimming the
horse exercises the same muscles as in trotting, but with no injury to his feet or legs.
So extensive are the feeding grounds and
so rapid the movements of the wild ostrich
that as many as fifty or sixty miles aro
often travelled by it between daybreak and
It is said that a Spanish firm of publishers
once produced a work in which one letter
only got misplaced through accident, and
this is believed to have been the nearest
approach to perlectiou that has ever been
attained in a book.
The salaries earned by average leading
ladies and gentlemen in American companies
run from ��20 to ��60 a week, while .the juveniles get from ��15 to ��20, which may also
be taken as the salary of good comedians
and second ladies,
A person who has totally lost the sense
of hearing in one ear, although he may imagine that the defect is of little consequence,
cannot locate the direction of a sound to
save his life, even when the centre of disturbance is quite near him.
The longest single span of wire in the
world is used for a telegraph wire and is
stretched over the River Kistuah, between
Bezorah and Sectanagrum, India, It is over
6,000 feet long, and is stretched from the
top of one mountain to another.
Although it may not generally be known,
the woods of northern Canada are still infested by a queer species of bison known as
the "wood buffalo." He is much larger
than the buffalo of tho plains, which formerly abounded in such numbers.
The Kalmucks of Astrakhan, a roving
people numbering about 150,000 souls, have
at last been freed from serfdom, Whon the
other Russian serfs were freed in 1861 it
was considered dangerous to extend this
privilege to these people, lest their wilduess
would lead to its abuse.
In the British Patent Office, where of ail
places in the world one would expect to
find things ordinarily well" up to date," the
steel pen is unknown, and the antediluvian
goose-quill absolute and supreme. Verily
the ways of Government officials aro not as
other men's.
Another uso has been found for electricity. In Ceylon experiments have shown
that it is more economical to dry tea leaves
by its agency than by the old method, and
extensive plants have been erected for that
The term " tabby oat" is derived from
Atab, a famous street in Bagdad, inhabited
by the manufacturers of silken stuff called
atibi or taffety. This stuff is woven with
waved markings of watered silk resembling
a " tabby" cat's coat.
In the Roman Campagna, at the sepulchre
of Metella, wife of Sulla, there is an echo
which repeats five times, each being in a
different key. It will also repeat a hexameter line, or another sentence which oan be
spoken in two and a half seconds,
The Shah of Persia, who has ton millions
sterling stored in his palace, has been borrowing a Bum from the State to defray the
cost of his summer outing to the distant
provinces of his empire. Hib suite comprises
10,000 people, including 300 wives.
Adelina Patti was the first prima donna
who demanded in Paris a nightly salary of
ten thousand francs. When it was conceded
to her her rivals preferred the same claims;
bo that to keep her supremacy in the operatic
market she peraiseutly raised hor prices to
fifteen thousand francs, which sum she reoeived for eaoh of the three concerts she
gave in one week at tho Eden Theatre.
A coloured woman, named Lizzie Young,
in Georgia, U.S. A., takes contracts for excavations, and sometimes has thirty carta
employed under her direction. rVhen not
busy ohecking off loads she crochets or
sews, For six months or oo every year she
runs an extensive woodyard. She keeps
two or three men in the forest chopping,
two or three more sawing and splitting in
the yard, and four or five delivering and
peddling the wood. She keeps from forty
to sixty head of hogs on her farm, and has
a swill routo in tho city which supplies them
with nearly all the food neoessary. Every
year she sells many hundred dollars' worth
of pork. She ie alao an extensive chicken
farmor, and drives a good tiade in poultry
and eggs.
The Philadelphia mint has a wonderfa
collection of coins. 4mong other curiosities it includes what is believed to be the
oldest piece of metal money ever made,
which was minted m .Egina about TOO B. c.
The design is in high relief, representing a
tortoise crawling across the face of the
coin.   It has no date,
Dates on coins were unknown up to 400
years ago. The very early coins bcre designs only on one face.
Of all coins that ever existed the smallest
in value was the "mite," such as the widow
in the Bible dropped through the slot of
the poor-box. The most valuable coin in the
collection described is a Chinese piece worth
It is simply a rectangular chunk of gold
stamped with Chinese characters.
Lumps of gold are commonly used in
China for currency of large denominations.
A ooln minted in Egypt bears the head
of Queen Arainoe, who was Cleopatra's
great-great ��� great - great-great -great- grandmother.
Queerest of all the coins are those from
Siam���irregular roundish lumps of silver,
from the bigness of a walnut to lhat of half
a buckshot.
Modern coins, though tho mechanical
processes for producing them have been so
groatly Improved, are far inferior artistically to those of ancient times.
In Babylon of old, whicli fell before coin-
ii.g wai invented, gold and silver were
weighed out with scales for use as money.
The earliest form ol money ii still in use
to day iu .Southern Alia, the islands of the
Pacific Ocean, and parts of Africa, where
cowrie shells are the favourite negotiable
Thoy are usually qifoted at about 100 tor
Most of them are obtained from the
Maldive and Liccadive Islands in the Arabian Sea. <
How Water freezes.
A scientific paper describes how the process of freezing ia carried on in Nature's alchemy. By means of two thermometers it
is first ascertained that the temperature of
the water at the surface and at the bottom
is respectfully 48 e and 45 ��. A cold wind
sweeps over the surface of the water, so
that tbe temperature is suddenly reduced
to, say, 44 s, By this reduction in temperature it contracts and becomes specifically heavier, sinking and displacing the
comparatively light and warm water below
whioh rises [to the surface, becomes cooled
below 44 :, and immediately falls, displacing the warmer water at the bottom, which
in turn rises, gets cooled and falls, its place
being again supplied by lighter and warmer
water. And so the cooling and sinking
processes go on, the upper thermometer always indicating the higher temperature,
when suddenly the magic point, 39 ��, is
reached, when all movement at once ceaseB.
The upper layer of water is still exposed
to the cooling influences of the wind, and
speedily falls in temperature, but still retains its place. The upper thermometer
now shows that the water which surrounds
it is being rapidly reduced in temperature,
but the lower one remains stationary at
89 ��, At thia temperature water is heavier
than at any other, and there, like a stone,
it remains at the bottom, and as it ia fully
protected from outward influences by the
mass of superincumbent water, its temperature remains very much at the same
point. The water on top, however, having
nothing to protect it, gets cooler and lighter
every moment. Down the thermometer
goes to 37 ��, 35 �� and 32 ��, and then a
slight breeze ripples the surface, and thc
noxt moment a thin sheet of ice spreads itself over all. The ice, however, is colder
and lighter than the water, so that it floats
on the surface and acts as a blauket, protecting the comparatively warm and heavy
water Delow from being cooled. So that
even during the severest winter only a
comparatively thin superficial layer of ice
is usually formed, and the greater part of
the water remains unfrozen at the bottom.
People To-Day in the Stone A?e.
The weiponsused by the|Fuegians are the
sling, the spear, and the bow and arrow.
Thc sling consists of a circular piece of
sealskin, to which are attached two thongs
of the same, and the missile employed is a
rounded pebble. In the use of this weapon
the natives have attained to a really wonderful degree of dexterity, being able to hit
an object no bigger than a man's head from
a distance of fully thirty yards. The spear
handles are about eight feet long, and consist of young stems of the winter's-bark
tree. They are tipped with sharp pieces of
obsidian, and are mainly used for killing
porpoises and otters, but sometimes also for
capturing the larger-sized fish which frequent the kelp.
The bow, alsofaihioned from the winter's
bark, is about three and a half feet long and
is strung with twisted gut. The arrows are
polished, neatly feathered, and tipped with
barbs of flint or occasionally of variously
colored glass. The glass from which the
arrow-tips are made is supplied by bottles
obtained from passing vessels, and in fashioning these barbs considerable ingenuity is
displayed. A portion of broken bottle is
laid upon a flat stone with its edge slightly
projecting. Little bits of glass are carefully chipped off by means of a piece of bone
until tho requisite shape is obtained, and
the tips are then fastened to the shaft with
fine fibres of seal gut. In the absence of
glass tho natives employ, as 1 have said,
pieces of flint or other hard stone, which
they fashion generally to the shape of a
barb. In fact, these people, like the
Andaman Islanders, are still in the Stone
Age. The weapons described are employed
for hunting purposes only. In warfare,
reliance is placed upon rude clubs and
heavy stones, which are grasped with both
Between 3,000 and 4,000 litres of wine
aro made every year from grapes grown in
the gardens of the Vatican. This wine is
used almost exclusively in administering the
lacraments at mass. The'Popc always assists
at the harvesting, and this is one of the annual occupations to which he looks forward
with great pleasure.
A convict in a Hungarian prison has
patented a device for shaving whereby it
requires but twenty-five seconds for the
operation. He has been permitted to try
the thing on the 150 inmates of the prison,
and the experiment is said to have been
conducted to the complete .-I'.iofoction of
the governor of the prison, nuu i
The above town site will be placed on the market shortly.  It is
situated at the north end of Trout Lake, in the famous
which is going to be one of the RICHEST MINING REGIONS in
America. NUMEROUS RICH CLAIMS have been found close to this
town site, which will make it the DISTRIBUTING POINT for an
IMMENSE TRACT OF COUNTRY. It is the only level land at the
north end of the lake. The owners intend to expend money on streets
and other improvements in the Spring. The trail from Lardeau City,
on Arrow Lake, to Kootenay Lake, runs through the town site. The
first hundred lots will be sold at $200 for corners, and $150 for insides
Por further particulars apply to
at the Head Office, Nelson, B.C., or to
T. L. B1A_IG-,
Local Agent,


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items