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The Kootenay Star Dec 3, 1892

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Array VOL. IV.
No. 25.
.     '
An English Nurse of 16 years1 experience is desirous of attending ladies
during sickness. First - class references.���Apply office of this paper.
Eobson the Baker
Desires to thank the people of Eevelstoke for their liberal patronage (luring the past year. Ho will continue
to spare uo effort to give satisfaction.
Having iu uso the latest invention iu
baking apparatus, the
Portable Keel Bake Oven,
he is able ta,fill the largest order nt
very short notice.    His Bread will
always be the best, and he guarantees
the most prompt attention to orders.
Special terms to hotels and
large consumers.
Begs to announce that he is prepared to make and repair nil kinds of
mattresses, pillows, &c, at reasonable
prices. Upholstering done on the
premises.   Satisfaction guaranteed.
0. & H. LEWIS,
Catered for.
R. Tapping,
Carpenter, Builder
And General Contractor.
Manufacturer or
Boats, Sleighs & Toboggans.
Orders promptly filled.
Beautifully situated on tbe Lake
shore at the entrance to the best and
shortest ond to the Sloean mines and
New Idnver. The best fishing nnd
hunting in the district, with grand
boating and sketching facilities for
tourists aud artists.
The Bar is supplied with the
Best brands of wines.liquors
and cigars.
Tho iificoniiiiodations of the Hotel are
of the best.
Atlantio Express, arrives 10.10 daily.
lacifio       " "     16.,r)2   "'
Cheapest, uiobI reliable and 6nfe
route to Montreal, Toronto, St. Paul,
Chicago, New York and Boston.
Rates ?5 to IjilO lower than any othur
other route,
Specially fitted Colonist Cars, in
charge of a Porter, for the accommodation of Passengers holding second
class tickets. Passengers booked to
and from nil European points nt
Lowest Bates,
Low Pr< :;rht Rates. Quick despatch, Merchants will bbvo money
by having their freight routed via
theC.P. R.
Full ami reliable information given
by applying to    1). E. BROWN,
iust. (ien'l Freight Ag't, V'noouver.
or to l.'T. BREWSTER,
Ag't 0. P, I.'. Depot, Revelstoko,
Ripans Tiiliiih's: for sour stomach,
Ripans Tubules euro bad broath,
Ripans Tabules cure biliousness,
Work commenced on tbe new sawmill
last Monday, just on the same site. It
will in ruming order early in lbe now
It was rumored yoRtordnv that a tele*
gram bad been reoeived from Robson
announcing that the Lytton hud left for
Rovelstoke, but nothing was kuown of
it nt the telegraph office.
Ernest Fletcher,
Tlans and Specifications drawn up for
persons intending to build.    Seasoned Lumber always on hand.
Fancy Work, Turned and
Scroll Work executed
neatly.   A fine se��
lection Picturo
Furniture Made and Repaired.
O-'ders by mail promptly attended to,
Stockholm House
The Dining-room is furnished with the
best the market affords.
The bar is supplied with a choice stock
of wines, liquors and cigars,
The largest and most central Hotel in
the city ; good accommodation ; everything new ; table well supplied ; bar aud
billiard room attached ; fire proof safe,
a    tAi  *   aaVfce
F. McCAETHy   - -   i
First-class Temperance House.
Board and Lodging ��5 Per Week.
MEALS, 25c.      MCDS 25c.
This hotel is situated convenient to the
station, is comfortably furnished, and
affords first class accommodation.
Royal Mail Lines,
Proposed Sailings from Halifax.
SARDINIAN ..Allan Line... Dec. 10
NTMIDIAN "        ... Dec. 24
PARISIAN "        ... Jan. 7
LABRADOR.DominionLine.. Deo. 3
VANCOUVER        "       ... Dec. 17
SARNIA         "       ... Deo. 31
From New York.
TEUTONIC... White Star ... Nov. 30
BRITANNIC "       ... Dec, 7
MAJESTIC "       ... Dec. 14
Cabin UO, Uu, 850, SG0, ��70, ��80 upwards.
Intermediate, ��25; Steerage, ��20.
Passengers ticketed through to all
points in Great Britain and Irelaud, and
at specially low rates to all parts of the
European continent,
Prepaid passages arranged from all
Apply to nearest steamship or railway
agent; to
I. T. Brewster,
Aoext, Revelstoke ;
or to Robe;;t Kerb, General Passenger
Agent Winnipeg.
Boots & Shoes made to
Harness Leather Kept in Stock.
Myrtle Navy
T, & B.
in Bronze Letters.
Dr. E. McLean lias been appointed
medical officer of the sawmill nt a fixed
Between 600 and 700 tons of liny havo
been brought by str. Columbia from
Little Dalles for Kaslo.
Mr. F. G. Christie loft by tbo Pacific
Express on Wednesday night for Seattle
en route to Lower Kootenay.
Mr, Woodrow, from Hull Bros. &
Co,, batchers and cattlo dealers, Kamloops, arrived here on Wednesday to
take chargo of lho firm's brunch business in place of Mr. J, P, Sutherland,
who is leaving for Nova Scotia.
Mr. R. Howson, builder, is erecting a
residence at Salmon Arm for Mr. Horace
D. Hnruo. There aro sevoral oilier
indications that the genial and popular
conductor of tho dining car is about to
enter the noble army of benedicts.
On Monday last firo was discovered
on the roof of the houso occupied by
Miss Birch at tho west end of Front
Street. Messrs. John Nelson and P, R.
Peterson were Boon on the spot, and
with a few pails of water extinguished
the blaze.
Mr. O, G. Dennis, who has been appointed Government ngent at Kaslo,
arrived here from Fort Steele to take
the boat down river, but as no boat
is running just now he was compelled
to go round by way of the ooast and
Little Dalles.
The finest, completnst nnd latest line of Elaf?
trical appliances in tho world. They have novee
failed to cure. We are so positive of It that we
will back our belief and send you any Electrical
Appliance now in tho market and you oar, try it
for Three Months. Largest iist of testimonials
on earth. Send for book and journal Free.
ff, T. Baci- rt Co., Winds'ir, Out,.
During the month of October 154
families from Washington and Idaho,
with their effects, passed through Revelstoke via Northport nnd the Columbia
River, bound for Calgary and Edmonton, They are all well pleased with tho
Canadian Northwest, and will be followed next year by 500 families from
the same States,
Miss Edith Morley, of Cultra Farm,
Shuswap, who has many personal
friends in Revob.ioke, was married on
Wednesday last week to Mr. Albert W.
Duck. Rev. A, Shildriek of Kamloops
officialed. The bridesmaids wore the
Misses Graham and the groomsman Mr.
S. W. Bishop, After the wedding there
was a dance. The presents to the bride
were numerous and costly. Mr. and
Mrs. Duck will reside at Ducks, a station.near Kamloops.
The above is n picture of onr groetost African explorer, and In ii can bo traced the forms
of two wild animals, Any 0110 can readily soo
the face of the explorer, but it Is dlfflcultto distinguish the two anlnmls,
Thu proprietors of SIHSUTS PRIZE MEM.
ONES will givo an elegant UPRICH r PIANO,
valued at $800, to ute first person who oan
make out theelephant and ilrarTe; to the seeoni
person will bo given 8IOO IN OOLD| to tho
MiVrfanoleganl cold WATCH; luiiip/,>��.���/*
a handsome CLOCK) In tlio Huh a 8ILVEI1
WATER P.TOHER, and lo the next fifty 88 In
GOLD. Every competitor must cut nut the
above picture and outline with a lod penoil tlio
foriimof tin. two animals, nml enclose same with
1 fi V. B, two-cent stamps or 111 three-ceni Canadian stamps for ono sample bottle nf ihu foi.
lowing prize remedies! "SiAM.I.vi I'liizu
ItllKIJIAI'ICl'I'lir," "STANLEY'S l'lll/.i: (I UK
i'UII I'IIIIONICiiiiiI 1'1,1'Kll.l I Kl�� KOUKTIIItOAT,"
���'STANLEY'S I'llIZi: (Till' 1011 PYSENTKHY.
HSU'S I'ltlZK (I Hi; fOII rITAllllll." Select
anyone of tho above remedies or on many us
you desire, bvenelosino; j c, for each one.
308 Bruoh St., Detroit, Mich.
The person whose envelope is postmarked
first will be awarded the first prlr.0, and the
others in order of merit. To the person sending the last correot answer will beglven an elegant COLD WATCH; to the next to llio last a
handsome 8ILVER WATCH! to tlio second to
tho last n handsome CLOCK) to tho third to
the/<u/$10 IK OOLD) and to tlio next ten to
the last 88 IN COLD. We shall ALSO (lll'K
A1VAV 111(1 EXTI1A I'KEMniJII" (should thore bo
sn many sending In correct answers). Tlio
names of the loading prize winners will lie published in the U. S, and Canada. Tlio object In
making the foregoing extraordinary offer is to
place our Modiclnes In the hands oi llio many
sufferers, This (iHKAT AND ONLY POSITIVE
IlllEl'JJATIO CIlltE lias cost the proprietors on
en irmous amount of money, the ingredients of
which aro Imported fiuin Africa, where they
are secured with great difficulty and expense.
It is pui.lv herbaceous, and put tip In two compounds, one to be used externally and the other
Internally, (lur inill'.K iikmi'Iiiks arc equally
valuable. Alto the reliability of our Company,
wu refer yon loan) hailing nliolcNnloilriiuKlnt in
Detroit, and will also furnish you with tha
names and addresses of parties who havo been
entirely cured hy this most woiuloiful.Medicine.
All prises will beawarded strictly In ordor of
merit nnd with perfect satisfaction. No chargo
li made for premiums in nay way, they nro all-
telutiiljr (liven umijtn Introduce and advertise
on i Mediants, which W*. are bound to do regard-
lets ol enpensc. Medicine Is sent by innll post
paid and duty freo. When you answer the picture puMie, please mention this paper. Aii'mi
siaiuu oiutt, wiudivi, o��i��� Centdia t
Farewell Assembly.
A most successful assembly was
held in Peterson's Hull lust night, at
which dancing was kept up with
great enthusiasm uutil tho sni.ilJ
hours this morning, It was the
occasion of a " farewell" to three of
"the boys" who are "going homo"
next week���J, P. Sutherland, lute
manager for Hull Bros,, who goes on
a week's visit to his brother-is law,
Mr. W. U.Lco, nt Nanaimo, hefore
leaving B.C. for bis homo at Truro,
Nova Scotia; \V. Oowan, of the Victoria Hotel, who will make a stay of
four or tivo mouths ut lm home in
Godcricli, Ontario; and A. McNeil,
harbor, who goes to revive oarly recollections and enjoy tho festive season amongst bis kindred at St.
Thomas, Quebec. A larger number
of ladies was present than at any
precoding ovont, and no difficulty
was experienced iu filling as many
sots as the floor would hold. Just
before the refreshments wero handed
around Mr. F. Fraser addressod tho
assembly, Bpeaking of tho purpose
for which the dance had been got up
���to give Mr, Sutherland and the
others a good "send-off." After a
short reply from Mr. Sutherland refreshments-were served. These wore
first class in every respect aud reflect
great credit on tho caterers, Messrs.
O. & H. Lewis. During tho interval
Mr. G. Barber gave a most pleasing
song, and later on Mr. Simpson delighted the company with a song to
whioh ho played his own accompaniment. It was about 3 a.m, when the
end of a long program was reaohed,
and then all joined in "Auld lang
The New Style of Baking.
The Portable Reel Bake Oven,
manufactured in Leavenworth, Kan.,
is a very useful invention, not ouly
saving an immense amount of time,
labor aud fuel, but the temperature
can be so regulated that there is no
fear of scoichiug or burning. Ono
of these ovens is in use at ltobsou's
bakery, Iievelstoke Station, and is
well worth an inspection. The oven
is portable, is made of galvanized
iron, stands clear of any walls, and
is about 5ft. Gin. high. The top is
wain shaped, and inside revolves a
framework very similar to a fan with
six arms, each arm having a shelf at
the end. These shelves hold the
bread pans (of which there are 12,
each pan holding 8 loaves) and are
so balanced that as tbe arms rotate
each shelf maintains its upright
position, whether empty or not. The
revolutions can be regulated to auy
speed by using a lighter or heavier
weight, and tho movemonts of the
apparatus are very similar to those
of a largo clock. The tire-place is
small and is situated low down in the
loft hand corner, whence the heat is
spread through flues in the bottom
of the oven. The bread or other
article being baked is always in
motion ou the revolving shelves, and
from half to three-quarters of an hour
is tlie time occupied by one baking.
A vory small quantity of fuel is required, wood lieiug the host. A
Kinu.ll window iu tho front part of tho
oven permits tbe operator to see bow
the baking is progressing. Mr,
Eobson's ovon turns out 'J(i loaves at
one operation, which is a decided
improvement on the old stylo aud a
great advantage whero a largo order
has to be lillud at short notice. The
bread from these ovens look beautiful, each loaf boing a facsimile of
tho other, uouo being too brown,
none too light. As a labor-saving
invention it ims no equal, Mr, Kob-
siiu speaks very highly of Smith k
Jirighaiii's brands of tlour.
Presbyterian Notes.
Tbo Hev. Mr. Lnngil! was iu town
last week. Ho visited Nolsou, Pilot
Bay, Bound's Ferry, Balfour, Kuslo
and other places on Kooteuay Lake,
llu wus greatly impressed by the
bustle, energy and excitement displayed in Kuslo.
Mr. Martin has left Kaslo on account of sickness, Another minister
will go there at once.
Sites have been promised fur the
building of a church iu several of
lhc now towns recently laid out in
West Koolenay. Arrangements will
be made for sorvices to meet the
wants of the people.
Lardeau City, on tho North East
Arm, presents a most favorable
aspect ns to location und prospects.
Action is now being taken regard
ing a Christmas Tree for the children,   The event will tako place on
the evening of Saturday, tho 2Rh
(Christmas I'vo).
Tho next meeting of lho Kamloops
Prciiliylery will be held at Donald
on tho blth December.
Church of England services will
be conducted iu the schoolroom tomorrow bv the Kev. ,T. C. 0. Keiiiin.
Eleven o'clock���.Morning service and
Holy Communion Half past seven
���Evening service and sermon.
A tea meeting and concert will lie
given iu the Methodist church ou
Monday, the 20th iust. Admission
50 cents, ohildren free.
Messrs. O. A' H. Lewis, linkers and
coiifoc'ionei'B, Front Street, Kevelstoke, have bought out Mr, Hubert
Robson, baker, of the Station, aud
will carry ou business at the latter
We stated lust week that the funds
for the subscription ball in Peterson's llnll were provided solely by
geutlemon of the lower town. It has
been brought tu our knowledge that
several gentlemen at the slatiuu also
We havo jnst received the first
number of tlio Nelson "Tribune,''
published by John Houston, It is
splendidly printed in new, clear
typo on heavy faced paper, and the
articles in it bear the impress of the
editor's usual vigorous style.
The weather has been very mild
all tbe week, and yesterday a thaw
set in, with rain. The river is clear
of ice, except that friuging tbe shore,
and if this weather continues a few
days longer there is no doubt that
the Lytton will arrive np. She made
oue attempt, but had to put bank to
Service wil] be held by the Kev.
T. Paton in the Presbyterian church
to-morrow evening at 7.30, when the
subject will be " The Forward Movement of the Christian Religion, especially in Heathen Lands." Sabbath .School at 2.30. Prayer meeting
at Mr. Paton's house on Wednesday
at 7.30 p.m.
Several noblemen in England are
in the habit of giving special orders
to makers in Virginia for their sup.
ply of smoking tobacco. There is
no doubt that by that means they get
the very best tobacco to be had, I nt
it costs tbem about 92 a pouud. The
working men of Canada are smoking
tbe very same quality of tobacco at
75 cents a ponnd, and it is known to
them by the name of .Myrtle Navy.
Capture of a Jack Rabbit.
Sir,���A large jack rabbit (a very
scarce animal in these parts) had for
for some time past been prowling
around my garden sampling tbe cabbages thut appeared above the snow.
After sizing up this forest beauty I
came to the conclusion that he wonld
make a good fuinily dinner. So I
proceeded after his scalp armed with
a sprig of shillelagh, aod after a
smart pursuit eventually corralled
him in the workshop, where a most
exciting hunt tuuk place. Finally I
succeeded in pulling a quietus on
the gumbols of Mr, Jack Rabbit, and
now I would like to interview his
bushrangiug relatives.���Yours truly,
Revelstoke, Nov. 2Cth.
PATON.-At Revelstoke, December
lst, the wifo of Rov. T. Patou, of
a son.
Ripaus Tabulos euro headache.
Is herebv given, that nt the noxt
session of the Legislature of British
Columbia application will bo mude
for nn Act to iucorporate a company
for the purpose of eons! rooting, opera-
ling anil maintaining a line of railway,
standard or narrow gauge, the motive
power being either steam or electric,
commencing at Lardeau City, situate
at tbe head of the North East Arm of
Upper Arrow Lake, theuce through
Lardeau Pass to some point on the
North West shore of Luke Kootenay,
with power lo extend to Nelson, and
wi;h power to construct, equip, uiiiiu-
taiu and operate a branch from Iho
said proposed line from said Lardeau
City in a northerly direotion along the
courso of the Inoomappleux lliver, or
Fish Creek, to some point or points
near the headwaters oi the same, with
power to build, maintain and operate
branch lines from any |*oint or puints
on ibe main line or branch lines to
nny ndJROenl mine or mines, and with
power to build wharves and docks,
nnd erect and maintain telegraph and
telephone hues and all necessary works,
buildingSipi pes, poles, wires, appliances
or conveniences necessary or proper
for the generating and transmitting
of elect rioitj or power within the area
above described.
Daled this Mill dav of November,
A.D. 1892,
Solictors for tbe Applicants.
13 U T C H E R S
BEEP, 1-OKK, Etc.
Ripans Tabules I for torpid liver.
Ripans Tabules euro oolio. AH    lnilUUAlJL/   UAOU.
It was half-past live before Holmes re-
tarnod. He was bright, eager, and in excellent spirits,���a mood which in his case
alternated with fits of the blackest depres
"There is no great mystery in this
matter," he said, taking tho cup of tea
which I had poured out for him, " The
facts appear to admit of only one explanation."
"What! you have solved it already?"
"Well that would he too much to say.
I have discovered a suggestive fact, that is
all. It is, however, very suggestive. The
details are still to bo added. 1 have just
found, on consulting the back files of the
Times, that Major Sholto, of Upper Norwood, late of the 34th Bombay Infantry,
died upon the 28th of April, 1882."
"I may he very obtuse, Holmes, but I
fail to see what this suggests."
"No? You surprise nie. Look at it in
this way, then, Captain Morstan disappears. The only person in London whom
he could have visited is MajorSholln. Major Shollo denies having heard that he was
in London,   Four years later Sholto dies.
man in the dress of a coachman accosted
" Are you the parties who come with
Miss Morstan?" he asked.
"I am .Miss Morstan,and theso twogentle-
men arc my friends," said she.
Ho bent a pair of wonderfully penetrating
and questioning eyes upon us. "You will
excuse mo, miss," he said, with a certain
dogged manner, "but I was to ask you to
give mo your word that neither of your
companions is a police-officer."
"1 give you my wonl on that," she answered.
Ho gave a shrill whistle, on which a
street Ar,.') led across a four-wheeler aud
opened the door. The man who had addressed us mounted to the box, whilo w ���
took our places inside. We had hardly
done so before the driver whipped up his
horse, and we plunged away at a furious
pace through the foggy streets.
Tho situation was a curious one. We
were driving to an unknown placo , on all
errand. Yet our invitation was either a
! complete hoax, -which was an inconceivable
; hypothesis,���or else we had good reason
| In tliink that important issues might hang
I upon our journey. .Miss Morstau's de-
i nieanor was  as resolute and collected as
I tlhin a weekoj his death Captain Morstan  , , mdmmd    chcer   d her
daughter receive? a valuable present, which b    rem,niaoencM ���, ft(|venturea in
18 repeated from year to year, and now cul-  Af .    fa ^     ft  j
minatos in a letter which describes her a a I    ��8(J,f     ^ &      our situation and so
wronged woman.   What wiong can it refer | ..?.... , ,...i:....:._ ���...L ._..:,.���
tn except this deprivation of her father:
And why should the presents begin burned
ately after Sholto's death, unless it is that
Sholto's heir knows something of the mystery and desires to make compensation ?
Have you any alternative theory which will
meet the facts?"
"But what a strange compensation ! And
how strangely made I Why, too, should he
write a letter now, rather than six years
ago? Again, the letter speaks oi giving
her justice. What justice can she have?
Il is too much lo suppose that her father is
still alive. There is no other injustice in
her case that ynu know of."
"Thore aro difficulties; there are oertainly
difficulties," said Sherlock Holmes pensive
curious as lo our destination that my stories
wore slightly involved. To this day she
declares that I told her one moving anecdote
us to how a musket looked into my tent at
the dead of night, ami how 1 fired a double-
barrelled tiger cub at it. At firat I had
seme idea as to tho direction in which we
were driving; but soon, what with our pace,
the fog, and my own limited knowledge of
London, I lost my bearings, and knew
nothing, save that we seemed to be going a
very long way. Sherlock Holmes was never
at fault, however, and ho muttered the
names as lhe cab rattled through squares
and in ami out by tortuous hy-streets.
"Rochester Uow," said he.   "Now Vincent Square.   Now we come out on the
,        , , ,        i .  ��� ii    i ��� Vauxhall bridge road.   We are making for
v.       utourexnoc utiono to nig hi wi isolvo ,,   ��� .,�� ,,     .-     ,,,  �� ,
I'i I ���     j        i    i ��� ... i the Surrey side, apparent ly, V es, I thought
them ul.   Ah, here is a four-wheeler, and w   '       ' vv  ,    A.,     ' v     6
,,.    ' '.  .   .,      , ,. ,'   ,���, so.   Now we are ou the bridge.   You can
Miss Morstan is inside.   Aro you all roatly!
Then we had better go down,for it is a little
past the hour
ing upon the broad, silent water; but our
. |  ;       ],,;,��� cab dashed on, and was soon involved in a
revn , 'or from Ins drawer and slipped ltinto  . ,    .   ,    ,   ' ,       ,      .,
, .       ,        ,, ,      ,, ���, ,    ,. ,��� ,,,,  labyrinth of streets upon the other side,
us pocket.   It wa�� clear that he thought     ,{,,,   ,      ,, ,.  ', ���    .,
,,  .' ��� ,., ij,, u,   ������;,..,        Wordsworth Road,   said my compan-
tlmt Din- nights work might  be a scrums I.       .....       .,    . ' .   .   -j ..  -r
Miss Morstan was mufflod in a dark cloak,
pule. She must have been more than woman
catch glimpses of the river.
Wo did  indeed get a Hooting view of a
ii             i,i         i  ������;,���. 'stretch of the Chames with the lamps shin
J  picked  up iry hat and my   heaviest  .  _,,._,      ,   _,,   ......   ,r .
slick, but I observed that Holmes took his
ion.   " Priory   Road.   Lark  Hall  Lane.
Stoekwell   Place.    Robert Street.     Cold
Harbor Lane.   Our quest does not appear
!;������:���   ��� iiiitive face was composed, but  to take us to very fashionable regions."
We had, indeed, reached a questionable
if she did not feel some uneasiness at thu
strau o enterprise upon which wc were embarking, yet her self-control was perfect,
and she readily answered llie few additional questions which Sherlock Holmes put to
"Major Sholto was a very particular
friend of papa's," she said, "His lotters
were full of allusions lo Ihe major. Hn and
papa were in command of the troops at the
Andaman Islands, bo thoy were llirown
indeed, reached a
and forbidding neighborhood.   Long line*
of dull brick houses were only relieved by
j thc ooarso glare and tawdry  brilliancy of
public houses at the corner. Then came rows
j of two-storied villas each with a fronting of
j miniature garden, and then again iiilermin-
able lines ol new staring brick buildings,���
the monster tentacles which the giant city
was throwing oul into thecountry.   At last
thecal) drew up at the third house in anew
terrace,    None of the other houses  were
great, doal together.   By tho way, a curious inhabited, and that at which we stopped
 "  was as dark  as its  neighbors, save   for a
single glimmer iu the kitchen window. On
our knocking, however, the door was instantly thown open by a Hindoo servant
clad in a yellow ".urban, white loose-fitting
clothes, and a yellow sash. There was something strnngly inoongruoua in this Oriental
figure framed in theoommonplace door-way
ofa third-rate suburban dwelling-house.
piper was found in papa's desk which no
one could understand. I don'lsupposo that
it is of the slightest importance, but I
thoughl you might care to SCO it,so 1 brought
it with mo,   It is hero."
Holmes unfolded lhc paper ca'rofuUy and
smoothed it out upon his knee. He then
very methodically examined it all over with
his double lens.
"It is paper of native Indian manufacture," he remarked,
been pinne
it appears to bo a plan of part of a large
building with Humorous halls, corridors,
and passages, At one point is a small cross
done in red ink, and above it is ".'..'17 from
left,'iu faded pencil-writing, In tha left-
hand corner is a ourioiis hieroglyphic like
four crosses in a Hue wuh their arms touch-
ing. Reside it is written, ill very rough
and coarse characters, 'The Bigr. of the four,
" The Sahib awaits you,' said he, and
'--marked, "It has at sonic timo Uven as he spoke tntre came a high piping
id to a board.  1 he diagram npou I voil.e *rnm aomo inner r,wm    ..Show ,.hen,
into me, khitmutgar," it cried.   "Show
them straight in to me."
We followed the Indian down a sordid
and common passage, ill lit and worse fur-
���Jonathan Small, Mahoniol Singh, Abdul- mshed, until ie lame to a door upon the
lali Khan, Host Akbar.' No, I confess that ��� "g1". w ���������' "'' 'pen, A blaze of
I do not see how this bears upon thel J'8"0* ���������' treamed oul ip in us, an ;.
matter. Yet it is evidently a document of '" ���''*' ���'' : ?lare there stood asmali
importanoo, It has beeu kept carefully in [nan with a very high head.e brisi i re-J
a pocket-book ; for the one side is as cleat
as the other."
"It was in his pocket-book that we I  -   I
"Preserve It carefully, then, Miss Morsl in
for it .nay prove to ho of use to us,   ,   eg
tositspjctth.it this nutter may turn ont
to be much deeper and more subtle than I
at first supposed.   I must reconsider my
nge if it, inda bs
i shot out I  im among
���      .    . .-.. ,�� fi      :.: tl ���������     fie
r a* he st
���    iperpetual    -.
ing,   iwi   vling, b il     m  i   in instant
S'ai :;: ha I give i am ��pendulous
h.e of ye    ��� and irreg,
i whi        strove fee il - to oonoeal
Heleanod back in the cab, and 1       ������'���   intlypa indovei      lowei
.    ibstrusl
could see hy his drawn brow and
vacant eye that he was thinking intently.
Mils Morstan aud I ohatled In an under
tone about our present expedition and its
possible outcome, bul our companion     an-
apt      m ol v, itii
:      . '
thiri oih   es
poinl   ' fact he had    tst turned his
" if our servant  M      '
tamed his impenetrable reserve until the I repeating, in a thin, high voioi       ifoui
end of our journey, ' ���   n in,   Pray step al
[t was a September evening, and not yot little   u 1  una   plaei   miss bul
seven o'olock,  but the day had been a furni hi I    my own liking, An asii
dreary one, and a dense drizzly fog lay low in the howling den
upon the great oity,   Mud-colored olouds     We were ���    n    n psarai ���
r!i oped -ally over the muddy    trei ��        :"   nentintowhi h he Invited im
Down thu Strand tho lamps were but misty In that e i ie it looked as on
splotches ol diffused light which throw a
feeble circular glimmer upon the slimy
pavement. Tho yellow glare from the
shop-windows streams 1 out Into the steamy,
vaporous air, and threw a murky, shifting
radiance across the crowded thoroughfare
There wan, to my mind,somethingoorie in I
which flitted across '.hese narrow bars of
light,���sad   faces and glad,   haggard and
merry,    Like all  human kind, they  flitted
from tho gloom Into the light, and so back
as a dial
of hrai i,    i o  rl ihe I  md  glossiest ol
curtains and  tapestt      . ���.;, | the w ills
looped back h ire and ther i toexp      ���
rionly-mounte i painting or Oriental vase
I he iat pet wai ot amber ind l,' t k,    -   i
and so thick thatthe foot sank  pleasantly
i in the'endless procession of faces into ito n iod ol i   Two great
tiger skins ilirown athwarl It lm reason tho
in ' ���������. ion of Kastern luxury, as did a huge
hookah which stood  upon a mat in tne
l curner.   A lamp m the fashion of >  il v
into the gloom once more.   I am no'   sub*  dove was hung from  an almost invisible
jectto Impressions, but the dull,  heavy golden wiro in the oentre of the room,   As
evening, with the  strange   business upon
which we were engaged, oomhjnod to make
tne nervous  and   depressed.    I could   see
from Miss Morstau's manner that.she was
suflbring from the same foiling. Holmes
nlonc could risosuperior to patty inlluonoea
He held his open notebook upon his
knee, and trom time to tunc ho jotted down
figures and memoranda in tie; light of his
At thc Lyceum Theatre the crowds wero
nlready thick at the Jldo-enlranooa. fn
f out a continue s stream of hansoms and
four-wheelers were rattlln < up, discharging
I heir cargoes of shirt-fronton men and bo-
shawled, bodiamondod womon,   Wo had
hardly reached the third pillar, which was
our rondcivuua, beforo tt small, dark, brisk
it, bnrned it filled the air wilh a subtle and
aromatic odor.
" Mr Thaddeua Sholto," naid the littlo
man, itlll |erking and smiling. " That ii
my name.  Vou are 'diss Morstan, ofooiiris,
And thoso gen llemon
"This is Mr. Sherlock Holr/IOS, and this
Dr. Watson."
" A doctor, eh ?"cried ho, much on ilted,
"Have you your stethoscope! Might I us!-.
you ,wnuld you have tlio kindness ? [have
doubts at to my mitral valve, if you would
hem very good, The aortic 1 miyroly upon
but I should  value yuur opinion  Upon the
I listened to hii heart, as roquosted, but
wn ablo toflnd anything amiss, Have
indeed thai ho was In an ecstasy ul four, for
[jc-.ia tu ,��e normal,    I hiuu.       ) 1111 nave un
cause for uneasiness,"
" You will excuse my anxiety, Miss
Morstan," he remarked, airily. "lama
great sufferer, and I have long had suspicions as to that valve. I am delighted to
hear that they are unwarranted. Had your
father, Mias Morstan, refrained from throwing a strain upon his heart, he might have
been alive now."
I could have struck theman across the
face, so hot was I at this callous and offhand reference to so delicate a matter. Miss
Morstan sat down, and her face grew white
to the lips. " I knew in my heart that he
was dead," said she.
"I can give you every informa'ion," said
he, "and what is more, lean do you justice;
and I \,'ill, too, whatever Robert liartholo-
mew may say. I am so glad to have your
friends hero, not only as an escort to you,
but also as witnesses to what I am about te
do and say. The three of us can show a bald
front to Brother Bartholomew. But let us
have no outsiders,���no polico or officials.
We can sottle everything satisfactorily
among ourselves, without any interference.
Nothing would annoy Brother Bartholomew
more than any publicity," He sat down
upon a low sottee and blinked at us inquiringly with hia weak, watery blue eyes.
"For my part," said Holmes, " whatever
you may choose to say will go no further."
I nodded to show my agreement.
"That is well! That is well!" said he.
"May 1 offer you a glass of Ghianti, Mias
Morstan? Or of Tokay? I keep no other
wines. Shall I open a flask? No? Well,
then, I trust that you have no objection to
tobacco-smoke, to tho mild balsamic odor of
the Kastern tobacco. I am a little nervous,
and 1 find my hookah an invaluable sedative." Ho applied a taper to the great
bowl, and tho smoke bubbled merrily
threugh the rose-water. We sat all three in
a semicircle, with our heads advanced, and
our chins upon our hands, whilo the
strange, jerky littlo fellow, with his high,
shining head, nuffed uneasily in tho cetitre."
" When I first dotermiued to make this
communication to you," said he, "I might
have givon you my address, but I feared
that you might disregard my request and
tiring unpleasant people with you. I took
the liberty, therefore, of making an appointment in such a way that my man Williams
might be able to seo you first. I have complete confidenoj in his discretion, and he
had orders, if he wero dissatisfied, to proceed no further in the matter. You will
excuse theso precautions, hut I am a man of
somewhat retiring, and I might even say
refined tastes, and there is nothing more
untesthotic than a policemen. 1 havo a
natural shrinking from all forms of rough
materialism. I seldom omc in contact
with the rough crowd. I livo, as you see,
with some littlo atmosphere of elegance
around nie. I may call myself a patron of
the arts. It is my weakness. The landscape is a gouuine Corot, and, though a connoisseur might perhaps throw a doubt upon
that Salvator Rosa, there cannot be the
least question aboul the liougueroau. I am
partial to the modern French school."
" You will excuse me, Mr. Sholto," said
Miss Morstan, " but I am here at your request to learn something whicli you desire
to tell nie. It is very late, and I should
desire tho interview to be as short as possible."
" At tho host it must take some time,"
he answered ; " for we shall certainly have
to go to Norwood and see Bartholomew.
We shall all go and try if wo can get the
bettor of Brother Bartholomew. He is very
angry with me for taking the course which
has seemed right to mc. I had quito high
words with him last night. You cannot
imagine what a terrible fellow he is when
he is angry."
" If wc arc to go to Norwood it would
perhaps bs as well to start at once," I ventured to remark.
He laughed until his ears were quite red.
" That woul.i hardly do," he cried. " I don't
know what he would say if I brought you in
that sudden way. No, f must prepare you
hy showing you how wo ad aland to each
other. In the first place, I must tell you
th it there are severs! points in the story of
whi h I am myself ignorant. I can only
lay the facts before you ns far as I know
them myself,
" My father was, as you may have guessed, Major .John Sholto, once of tho Indian
army. Ha retired some elevon years ago,
and citno to live at I'oiidicherry Lodge in
'��� Ippor Norwood. He had prospered ill India,
and brought back with him a considerable
sum of money, a large collection of valuable
ouriosities, and a staff of native servants.
.Villi thwadvantages ho bought himself a
h ni ie; and lived in great, luxury. My twin-
brother Birtholomew and f wero the only
" I very well romomber tho sensation
,-. hwasoauaed by the disappearance of
1 iptain Morstan. Wo read the details in
the papers, and, knowing that he had bean
a friend of our father's, we discussed the
i ise freely in his presenoe,  llu used lo join
in our speculations as to what oould havo
Never for an instant did  wo
1 'i i'. he had lho wholo SSOrel hidden
in mi own breast,   thai of all men he alona
lea iw thi (ale of Arthur Morstan.
" We did lin iw, howevor, thataomc mystery tuns positive dan (Oi overhung our
: itnei II" ��������� u vory 11 irf il of going out
. ii s, and ��� dways e nploysd I wo prize-
fighters to i il   u p n tci i at Pondieherry
Lodge,    Willismi, win drove you to-night,
������ i i I   ii n  II i wn onoo light wslghi
ohamp on of V. igl iod,   Om father would
v .ii it wai ne [oared, but ho
had a ii! i . ��� I   1V0I  Ion   lo  men with
w io len legs, On one o loai on ho actually
! ivolverata w ��� i len leggodinan,who
proved to be a oarmi, is tradesman canvass,
ingfor orders, We had to pay a huge mm
to nosh the mattoi up, My brother and I
usi -I to think ' his a mure whim of my
father I, h ll s? ml i have since led us to
change our opinion,
" Early in  15S' my father received ��
letter from l.vlia ivhlon wai a  great shock
to him.   if  n larly  i ,,""1 al the breakfast.
table when he opene I It, and from that day
ho ic I-'1 ne I to hi i death.   What waa In tho
iu i never di icovor, hut I could
ice as he hold It thai i1. wu i'.oi :  and written in a s im .vling hand,    lie had suffered
for ft its from  i argo I idem, bin ho
ii iw ba imc i ipldly worse, and towards tho
end of April WO .���<���:������ inform" I that he wis
beyond all liopo, and that ho wished to mako
a last c mlcatiuii to us,
"When wn entered his room ho was
nroppo I up With pillows ami l.iei'lnni;
heavily, lie besought, us in lock the door
and to coiiin  upon cither sido nf lho bed,
I , "' i pin; our IuuiIh, bo made a ro-
uauliaU" statement to us, in a voloo which
x snau iry ana give it to you in nu own
very words.
" ' I have only one thing,' he said,
' whicli weighs upon iny mind at this supremo moment. It is my treatment of poor
Morstan's orphan. The cursed greed which
has been my besetting sin through life has
withheld from her the treasure, half at least
of which should have been hers. And yet I
have made no useot it myself,���so blind and
foolish a tiling isavarico. The mere feeling of
possession has been so dear to ma that I
could not bear to share it with another. See
that chaplot tipped with pearls besides the
quinine-bottle, Even that I could not boar
to part with, although I had got it out with
the design of sending it to her. You, my
sons, will givo her a fair share of tho Agra
treaaure. But aend her nothing���not oven
the chaplot���until I am gone. After all,
men have been as bad as thia and hive re
" ' I will toll you how Morstan died,' he
continued. ' He had suffered for yeara from
a weak heart, but he concealed it from eveiy
one. I alone knew it. When in India,
he and I, through a romarkable chain of
circumstances, camo into possession of a considerable treasure, I brought it over to
England, and on the night of Morstau's
arrival he eame straight over here to claim
his share. Ho walked ovor from the station,
and was admitted by my faithful old Lai
Ohowdar, who is now dead, Morstan and 1
had a difference of opinion as to tho division
of the treasure, and wo eame to heated
words. Morstan had sprung out of his
chair in a paroxysm of anger, when ho
suddonly pressed his hand to his
side, his face turned a dusky hue,
and ho ^ fell backwards, cutting his
head against tha corner of the treasure-
chest. When I stooped ovor him I found,
to my horror, that he was dead.
" ' For a long timo I sat half diatracted,
wondering what I should do. My firat impulse was, of course, to call for assistance ;
but I could not but reeognizo that thero was
every chanco that I would be accused of his
murder. Hia death at tho moment of a
quarrel, and the gash in hia head, would be
black against me. Again, un official inquiry
could not be made without bringing out
some facts about the treasure, whicli I waa
particularly anxioua to keep secret. Ho
had told me that no soul upon oarth knew
where ho had gono. Thero seemed to be no
nocoasity why any soul ever should know.
"' I was still pondering over tho matter,
when, looking up, I saw my servant, Lai
Chowdar, in tho door-way. He stole in aud
bolted the door behind him. " Do not foar,
Sahib," he said, " No one need know that
you have killed him. Let us hido him away,
and who is the wiser?" "I did not kill
him," said I. Lai Chowdar, ohook his head
and smiled. " 1 hoard it all, Sahib," said
ho. " I heard you quarrel, and 1 heard the
blow. But my lips aro sealed. All aro
aaleep in the house. Let up put him away
together." That was enough to decide mo.
If my own servant could not believo my
innocence, how could I hope to mako it good
before twelve foolish tradesmen in a jury-
box ? Lai Chowdar and l disposed of the
body that night, and within a fow daya tho
London papers wore full of the my crious
disappearance of Captain Morstan You
will aee from what I say that 1 can hardly be
blamed in the matter. My fault lies in the
fact that we concealed not only the body,
but alao the treasure, and that I havo clung
to Morstau's share as well aa to my own.
I wiah you, Iheroforo, to mako restitution.
Put your ears down to my mouth.   The
treasure in hidden in "   Atthis instant
a horrible change came ovor his expression;
hii eyes starod wildly, his jaws dropped,
and he yelled, in a voice which I can never
forget, " keep him out!   For Christ's sake
keep him out! "   Wo both stared roini 1
at the window behind us upon which hia
gaze was fixed.   A tace was looking in at
us out of the darkness.   Wc could aeo the
whitening of the nose whero it was pressed
against the glass.    It was a bearded, hairy
faco, with wild, cruel eyes and an expression
I of concentrated malevolonce.   My brother
I and I rushed towards tho window, but tho
i man was gone.    When wo returned to my
i father his he���d had dropped and hia pulse
had ceasod to beat.
" We ronuhod the garden that night, but
found no sign of tho intruder, savo that
just under the windo.v a single footmark
was visible in tho flower-bed.   But for that
ono trace, we might havo thought that our
imagination had  conjured up that wild,
fierce faco.   We soon, however, hadanother
and a more striking proof that thoro were
aecrct agencies at work all round ns.   Tho
window of my father's room was found open
iu the morning, his cupboards and boxes
had boen rilled, and upon his chest was
fi xo I a torn piece of paper, with the words
"The sign of tho four " scrawled across it.
What the phrase nijaut, or who our secret
visitor may havo been, we never know,   As
far aa we can judge, nono of my father's!
property had been actually stolon, though j
everything  had  been   turned   out,    My!
brother anil t  naturally associated the pe- j
miliar incident with tho fear whiuhhauiitcd |
my lather during his life ; but it is still a ;
complete mystery to US. "
Tho little man stoppod to relight hia
hookah and pulled thoughtfully for a few
moments, Wo had all sat absorbed, listening to hll extraordinary narrative. At tho
short account of her father's death Miss
Morstan had turned deadly white, and for
a momont 1 feared that she was about lo faint.
She rallied, however, on drinking a glass of
water which I quietly poured out tor hor
from a Venetian carafe upon the side-tablo.
Sherlock Holmes leaned hack iu Iiis chair
with ar, abslracted expression and tho lids
drawn low over his glittering eyes, As I
glanced at, him I couid not hut think how on
that very day lie had complained bitterly of
llm oommonplaceness nf life. Hero at least
Waa a problem which would tux his sagacity
lo tho utmoet. Mr, Thaddous Sholto looked
from one to the other of us with an obvious
pride at tho eHeot which his story had produced, and then continued betwoon tho pu Ilk
of his overgrown pipe.
"My brother and I," said he, "wcre, as you
hi "/ Imaglno, much oxoltodasto tho treasure
win "ii my father had spoken of, For we-ks
and for months we dug and delved in every
pari, of the garden, without discovering its
whoroabouls, It wns maddening to think
l!i It the hiding place was on his very lips at
the momont that bodied. Wc could judge
the splondor of tho missing riches by lho
ohaplol which ho had taken oul. Over this
chaploi my brother Bartholomew and I had
some littlo discussion. Tlie peiirU wero
evidently of great, value, and ho was averse
to part with them, ior, between friends, my
brother was himself a little inclined to my
father's fault, Hn thoughl, too, that if we
parted with the chaplet it, might give  rise
to [o Ip and finally bring ua into trouble.
to let me hod out Miss Morstan's address
aid send her a detached pearl at fixed intervals, so that at loaat she might never feel
"It was a kindly thought,1' aaid cur
companion, earnestly. "It was extremely
good of you. "
The little man waved hia hand deprecat-
inely. " We were your trustoes," he said.
"Thatwasthe view which I took of it,
though Brother Birtholomew could nol ai-
togctheraeo it in that light. Wo had plenty
of money ourselves. I desired no more.
Besides, it would have been such bad taste
to have treated a young lady in so scurvy a
fashion. " Le maurais gout inem an crime."
The French have a very neat way of putting
these things. Our difference of opinion on
thia subject went so far that I thought it
best to set up rooms for myself: so I left
Poudicherry Lodge, taking the old khitmutgar and Williams with me. Yesterday,
however, I learn that an event of extreme
importance has occurred. The treasure haa
been discovered. I instantly communicated with Miss Morstan, and it only remains
for us to drive out to Norwood and demand
our share. I explained my views last niglit
to Brother Bartholomew: ao we shall be
expected, if not welcome, visitors. "
Mr. Thaddeua .Sholto, ceased and sat
twitching on his luxurious sottee. We all
remained ailent, with our thoughts upon
tho new development which the mysterious business had taken. Holmes wus the
first to spring to his feet.
"You have done well, air, from first to
last,"said he. "It is possible that we may
be ab e to make you some small return by
throwing aome light upon that whicli is
still dark to you. But, as Miaa Morstan remarked juat now, it ia late, and wo had
best put the matter through without
Our new acquaintance very deliberately
coiled up the tube of his hookah, and produced from behind a curtain a very long be
frogged topcoat with Astrakhan collar and
cull's. This he buttoned tightly up, in
apite of the extreme closeness of tho night,
and finished his attire by putting on a rabbit-skin cap with hanging lappets which
covered the ears, so that no part of him
was visible save his mobile and peaky faco.
"My health is somewhat fragile," he remarked, ns he led tho way down the passage, "lam compelled to bo a valetudinarian,"
Our cab was awaiting us outside; and our
programme was evidently prearranged, for
the driver startod oil at onco at a rapid
pace. Thaddeus Sholto talked incessantly,
in a voice which rose high abovo the rattle
of tho wheels.
"Bartholomew is a clover fellow," said
ho. "How do you think he found out
where the treasure was ? He had come to
the conclusion that it waa sop'O whorc.outof
doors: ao he worked out all tho cubic space
of tho houso, and made measurements
everywhere, ao that not one inch should be
unaccounted for. Among other things, he
found that thc height of the building was
seventy-four feet, but on adding together
the heights of all tho scparato rooms, and
making ovory allowance for tho apace botween, which ho ascertained by borings, he
could not bring the total to more than
seventy feet. There were four feet accounted for. These could ouly bo at the top of
the building. He knocked a hole, therefore, in tho lath-and-plaster ceiling of tho
highest room, and thore, sure enough, ho
camo upon another little garret above it,
which had boen sealed up and was known
to no one. In tho centre stood tho treas-
uro-chest, resting upon two rafters, Ho
lowered it throuedi the hole, and there it
lies. Ho computes the value of jewels at
not leas than half a million sterling,"
At tho mention of thia gigantic Bum wo
all starod at ono auothor open-eyed. Mias
Morstan, could wo secure her rights, would
chango from a needy governess to tho richest heiress in England. Surely it was tho
placo of a loyal friend to rejoice at such
news; yot I am ashamed to aay that sollish-
noss took mo by tho aoul, and that my heart
turned as heavy as lead within mo. I stain-
merod out aome few halting words of congratulation, and then sat downcast, with my
head drooped, deaf to the babble of our new
acquaintance. He was clearly a confirmed
hypochoudriac.and I waa dreamily conscious
that ho waa pouring forth interminablo
trains of symptoms, and imploring information aa to tho compoaition and action of innumerable quack iioatrums, sonic oi whicli
ho bore about in a leather case in his pocket,
I trust that ho may not rcmeinbor any of tha
answera which I gavo him that night,
Holmes declares that he. overheard me caution him against the great danger nf taking
moro than two drops of castor nil, while I
recommended stryohnine in large doacs aa a
sodative. However that may bo, I waacer-
lainly roliovod when our cab pulled up with
a jerk and llm coachman sprang down to
opon tho door.
"This Miaa Morstan, is Pondieherry
Lodge," aaid Mr. Thaddeua Sholto, as ho
handed her out.
Good Soil to Cultivate
R, S. Kingman, speaking of the bettoi
education of agriculturists, well says:
" Fertilize, thu brain i of the farmers with
good practical knowledge, then they would
be belter prepaid to lertili/.e their farms
Intelligently. Evory lawyer in tho land
must ferfili/o his brains or ho will fail.
Every doctor, ovory banker, overy merchant
overy editor, must do the aame or thoy will
fail. And yet in face of all this, and in face
of the fact apparent on evory hand that it
is the brainiest farmers who succeed beat,
thero can ho found farmors in ovory neighborhood who really think lhat it doos not
pay lo cultivato brains in farming. Thoy
think it is money thrown away to buy books
papers or attend conventions of farm insli-
lutes, If they thought theso things paid,
we would aee thom hard at it, for they want
money had enough. Oood thinking lies
under thc succons of ovory man in all kinds
of business. A man cannot do good thinking unless he foeds his mind with good
Trying to Deal,
A little boy cutered a surgery tho other
day, and on Boeing tho doctor ho whispered
in his ear:
"Idiasc, sir, mother wants to kuow if tho
measles is catching?"
"Of course they are," replied the doctor,
"and toll your mother to be very careful."
The hoy, not being satisfied at tills, again
whispered confidentially iuto tbt doctor's
" Please, sir, mother wants to know what
you will givo her to apread 'cm about tho
village. My sister Uetty'ugol them awful,"
��� "���
i'l ���
Soil Moisturo.
Whm ground is ploughed in the spring
and a stratum of soil four to six inches in
depth is shaved completely from that below and reserved in a loose condition upon
it, there is provided a covering which acts
as a strong mulch. It has for a long time
been believed by studious observing farm-
era that this checks in a marked degree the
loaa of water by evaporation from the undisturbed soil,
Precise figures havo been lacking however until recently an American experiment
station made careful investigations. One
plot was plowed April <>$, 1892, and the
soil was carefully tested in comparison with
a similarly unplowod field, May 6th. The
unplowed ground contained in the upper
four feet, 9.13 lbs. less water per square
foot, than did the plowed ground, an
equivalent of 1.75 inches of rainfall.
When it ia observed that the amount of
water available for crop production, on almost all lands, is less than that which can
bo used to the best advantage, when one
year is taken with another, such a fact has
an important bearing upon problems of
tillage. It teaches that, where corn and
potato ground is to ho plowed in tho spring,
tiie plowing should bc done as the soil is
dry enough to permit it and that where
corn is to bo planted upon fall plowing, the
disc harrow or similar tool should be used
upon this ground as early aa practicable to
avoid a needless loss of wator by surface
Thc prevention of excessive waste of soil
water ia not the only important gain whioh
results from early spring tillage. With all
clay soils and clayey loams there ia a certain
degree of dryneas at whicli they work with
the least resiatence, and are at the same
time left in the best possible tilth ; as these
soils pass from the excessive wet stage
through tho stage of best moisture to that
of too little they shrink and draw together
into the larger or smaller clods which are so
annoying, so productive of labor, so preventive of large yields. The ground referred
to in the above experiment was plowed
on April 28, was left in excellent tilth, but
that which, side by aide with it, laid eight
days longer before plowing, had developed
in it, during that timo, great numbers of
clods of extreme size and excessive hardneaa,
and as a consequence it became necessary to
go over this ground twice with a loaded
harrow, twice with a di3c harrow, and twice
with a heavy roller before it was brought
into a condition of tilth only approximating
that which it might havo had had it been
plowed on April '.'8, Not only did the de-
jay in plowing increase fourfold the labor of
fitting the giound, but it at the same time
resulted in an unnecessary waste of water
which was really large and greatly needed,
Wc are fast coming to believe that aurface
tillage diminishes the rate of evaporation
from the soil but as yot wo aro without
positive data in regard to just how great
this saving may bo. Thisuiiestion was also
studied at the abovo station. It was found
that during (it daya for each column of aoil
one square foot in section and aix feet long,
the uncultivated ground had dried 8.81 lbs.
more than cultivated.
A saving of 8,8-1 lbs. per square foot ia
equivalent to a rainfall of 1.7 inches; 301.
411 lbs. of water are required for a pound of
dry matter in "om, and the abovo saving of
water, in timea of shortage, should increaso
the yield of dry matter per acre 1,277 lbs
which is about l-l per cent of a good yield.
It should bo observed that the retaining
of water already in the ground, to the extent indicated above, must be much moro
servicable to crops than to havo an equiv
alent amount aaded to the surface in the
form of rain, for in all audi cases a very
large portion of that, especially in dry times,
ia returned at once to thc air without passing through the orop.
.Reminders for Farmers,
When tired and hungry, oat soinothing
easily and quickly digested.
Break the surface of tno soil and the air
wilt find ita way to tho roots.
" Whenover you aee a head, hit it," ia an
effective way with stubborn weods,
The inanurinl value of foods corresponds
with their nutritive value.
The only way to grow heavier crops eaoh
year ia to make tho land continually richer.
Do mt oxpoct to roll butter at top prioua
to privuto cualomora unloas it is top .itial-
If tobacco is to bo made a paying crop, it
must be given the very best laud on the
Tho boat way to keep up with agricultural progress is to take a livo agricultural
Tho only way to freo tho larm from
weeds is to cut them always beforo they go
to seed,
To delermino whether green-soiling
really pays, lot us suggest that you try it
for yoursolf,
Sweet potatoes cannot ho kept through
tho wintor, unless you handle thorn gently
when harvesting,
If the "first-class farmer" would maintain his runk, ho must keep on studying and
learning all the timo,
The farm will never give you completo
satisfaction ao long as you havo to buy fruit
from your neighbor.
Something now must bo planted overy
week, if wo wish to maintain a good garden
throughout the season,
You can novor koop np with lhe work ou
the farm, if you ovor nut off until to-morrow
what can be done to-day.
If tho weeds havo possession of the bod
this fall, you can hardly oxpoct a good
strawberry crop next spring.
If you expect tho boy to lovo the farm,
you must permit him to get some enjoyment
from it as lie goos along.
It is a source of discouragement when a
farmor works from twolvo to fourteen hours
a day and is thereby incapacitated from
thinking and planning his work. No bnsi-
noaa tan expect to succeed without intelli-
gilet, thoughtful oversight.
What I Want and Don't Want.
I tnuit my cowa to bo milked at regular
hours each day.
1 want the flame milker to milk tho same
cows each timo in lho samo order.
That lhe milk shall he turnod Into palls OU
milk bench after milking each cow.
That as anon as possible the milk shall bu
carried to the dairy-hoilne and strained,
Tl at the cows shall nol be eating while
bolnj* milked, but stand with eyes closed,
chewing the  ud�� and thinking of nothing
hut lotting tllO milk conic lull In-id.
Thai il a milker is to wlllltle, ho should
whistle a good, lively tune, and milk in tune
to his music.
That every cow in the dairy shall know
that the man who milks her is a friend.
That all extra food fed ahall be at niglit,
when the cows are at pasture.
That when I pass through the cows in
yard or field, I shall have to go around the
cow rather than have her startoffto get out
of my way.
I want to know just what each cow can
do in amount of milk and butter.
To raise my own cows so I can have the
pleasure of seeing them develop, and have
have the pleasure of studying the possibilities of breeding for a purpose.
To make butter that is just as good as
can bo found elsewhere.
To know each spring where my batter
will bo wanted in the fall.
To see leas poor butter on the market, ao
the consumption of it will be nearly, if not
quite, doubled.
To have the privilege of being left to
make butter after that process that ia beat
suited to the circumstances under which I
am obliged to work, and not be called an
"old fogy."
To shoot the next man who comes as an
agent for something that I could not possibly use iu my dairy, and because 1 will not
purchase or give a testimonial for it, tells
the next man he meets that " that old hayseed back there is a fossil, and must be of
Noah's time."
And I don't want any other man to do as
I do if he can be more successful by some
other method.���[II. S, M., in Country
flancllinir Manure-
If you can not put the manure upon the
land where it is needod as fast aa made, and
have no covered barnyard or ahed in which
toatore it, waBtecan be effectually prevented by piling up and covering with earth.
Pile compactly and cover with five or six
inches of soil, and whatever volatilo matter
is given off by the heating of the pile will
bo absorbed by tho earth. It will not
wubIi out to any extent by rains, and if it
heats too violently it should be forked over,
mixing the aoil with the manure and then
piling it up and covering again with fresh
earth. In this way the manure is made
fine, and it becomes properly rotted and its
fertilizing elements aro readily available
when applied to the crops in tho spring.
Five cords of manure handled in th's way
will be worth more than ten cords left to
leach out in the open yard through the
winter. When we begin to take more
painsin the handling of this product we
can more easily keep up the fertility of our
Tips for the Dairy.
The fastest way to make money in the
dairy, is to keep always weeding out tho
poor cows.
Don't delay straining the milk until the
cream has began to rise. If once broken up
by straining it rises again very slowly, if at
Sweet cream butter ia becoming very
popular in certain quarters, and commanda
fancy prices, As a general rule, however,
butter from ripened cream finds most favor
among those who buy tho gilt-edged article.
Dairymen who make a strictly firat-class
article of butter do not much fear the competition from oleomargerino. The best way
to drive this out of the market would bc
for every ono to mako better butter.
Never fill the awing churn more than half
full. Givo the cream plenty of room
to swing backward and forward, and by
concussion break the envelope that contains
the butter-fat. Tho oscillating churn, in
Borne form, is undoubtedly the best that we
have for the private dairy.
A cow to each acre should be the aim of
every progressive dairyman, It has been
and can be done, and the very methods
which lead up to this will also lead ono to
keep the best stock that can be had, so as
to get the largest product from the one cow
and tho one acre, and will induce toward
such management as shall bring the best
and most valuable product, as well as the
largest. High cultivation of the land, improved slock and careful and scientific
handling of the output aro the roads toward
profitable dairying.
Wo have before us the record of an Iowa
dairy having a herd of twenty-.wo cows,
which sold during the twelve months an
average of 320J pounds of butter for each
animal, Tho price was 25 cents a pound,
making an average of ?$l.b'2a cow. It is
easy onough to see that such dairying pays,
and we arc glad lo say that such herds are
becoming much loss rare then they were.
The time will como wheu consumers will
prefer to pay twelve cents a quart for milk
made solely from wheat bran, corn meal and
clover hay, rather than to pay six cents a
quart for that made of corn fodder cako
meal, brewers'grains, and the other things
so commonly fed to cows, says tha Farm
Journal, Quality milk, from healthy cows,
aorved in clean glass jars, is going to take
tiie place ofa portion of the quantity milk
now upon lhe market. There will he a
margin of profit iu quality milk, which is
now disputed in the matter ul quantity
m ���
The Eisinc* (Jenoratiou-
���'Pa,' said the boy, shaking his head
dubiously as ho looked up from his book.
" I'm afraid I cm never understand all
the��o worda."
"Tut, tut, my boy,"returned tho father,
laying asido hii paper���" you rnusn'l get
discouraged I Once you learn the doll-
nitions, you will have no trouble at all understanding how to use them. Take any
word you wish."
" ' Fast,' pa," suggested the boy.
" Yes, of course. ' Fa.l means rapid,
speedy, Understanding tint, you can't
make any mistake,"
" A fast horso is one that runs, isn't it ?"
"Well, yoa, soniotiincs. Vou're beginning to understand,"
" But, pa, a fast man generally rides,
doesn't ho J"
" Um, my hoy"���and the old gentlemen
looked at his son over thc top of ins glasses
���"you're beginning to get technical."
" An I u fast oolour is ono that won't run,
isn't it'."
"There, there���that'll do."
" but, pa, I wanl lo know.''
" Kun mu and play, and don't hnthor me
any mors when I'm reading the paper.
Thero Isn't one nun in a dossen who will
take thc word of a preachci lu a hwso
Not in file cradle sleeping*
Is my darling baby fair -
Not on the carpet creoning^
But in his table chair;
He sleeps such rosy elamlKr
As a baby only knows;
For i *s heart no caret) en-comber
To mar ita 8 #cct repose.
Ho Bits with dlmped lingers
Pressed to hin roseate cherir.-
And oo his {ace still liftgers
A smilo, aiid'Kiui'Kiv'H) streak
His pretty locks ro goJdeaV
Kissed by I ho eammcr breeza;
J. o fairer Bight beholden
By mothers arc, than Hum.
His silvor spoon has fallen.
What cares he tar it now I
Such minor things do p ill on
Sweot baby's sensca now,
He's revelling in the fancies
Of childhood's blest domain,
Whero innocence enhances
His sweet ckorabioreign.
Oh, tell mo not of pleasures
In palace hall so gay;
Butgive me cottage treasures
Like this I own to day.
A little cherub dreaming -
A bud just opening f nir���
A light divinely beaming
On ovory rising care.
Sleep on, for angels over
Arc kindly watching thoo,
And naught hut sin can sovcr
Thee in futurity.
Hay iny dove novor -dumber
VV here covert danger lies,
Slay virtue's force outnumber
Temptation till it flies.
Baby! thy world is bcautifnl,
For thou art smiling now.
Embroidering my lifo so dull,
And tinting thy fair brow.
Soon little feot will patter,
Liko softest leaf in Juno ;
Soon will comnionco the clattor
Of homo-life's sweetest tunc
A Queer Bide-
Daisy was roasting apples before grandma's fire���two great spicy "Porters." They
hung from tho mantle by sttings tied about
their stems, and they sputtered and sung
and bobbed about, keeping time to tho
merry fire that dmccd behind the brass-
headed " dogs."
Grandma and Daisy were ���' keeping
house" to-day, while father and mother and
the boys went to the County Fair.
Daisy could not go. A naughty tooth
had puffed up one cheek so that Tom said
she looked like a squirrel with his mouth
stuffed with corn.
A big tear would crowd its way out in
spite of Daisy'8 trying to wink it baok. It
ran merrily off her fat cheek, and fell spat I
on grandma's hand.
" Hoity-toity I" cried grandma, making
believe she did not eee it. " Why, those
apples will burn, sure enough ! Givo them
a whirl, Daisy, and bring out the little
silver tea-pot, with the tiny cream-jug and
the two littlo pewter plates that Joanna
Kettle gave me for being named for her -
littlo enough, too, for such a name as that,
shouldn't you think, Daisy ?" laughed
grandma, pulling her little round table forward with tho crook of her cane, and beginning to arrange tho tiny damask cloth,
for Daisy and grandma were going to dine
by the cozy chimney-corner.
" When f was a little girl," said grandma
dropping a lump cf sugar from the silver
tongs into her china cup, " my mother was
sent for one day late in November to go over
and help her mother prepare for my Aunt
Judith's wedding supper.
"It was two miles off to grandma's house.
I cried to go, too, but mother would not
hear of such a thing. .She had got to take
along Prissy, tho baby, and I must stay at
home and help look after little brother
" I rebelled loudly, but mother was firm,
and ahe left mo making a great commotion
in tho kitchen, naughty girl that I was I
"Toward the middle of the forenoon
grandpa came along on horseback,���almost
every one went on horseback those days,���
and called in to our house to got warm. He
went out early to the storo, livo milos, lo
get aome spice and raisins, and get a hag ot
wheat ground for Aunt Judith's wedding-
cake���wheat flour waa only used on special
"He carried these things in two great
leathern saddle-baga hung on either side of
the horse. Each bag held a bushel, I should
" Well, I determined to go homo with
him in some way. I said nothing, but I
thought very faat and in a minute I stole
out to the barn and looked into tho bugs.
" The flour and raisins must go of course,
for Aunt Judith couldn't bo married that
night without iho cako, I thought. Theao
weie all in one bag, hut in the other was a
groat stuffy bundle���grandma's wool rolls,
I thought.
" Out it came, and waa tucked in a hole
in the haymow and in I scrambled, pulling
tho leathern flap well down over my brown
hood, and drawing the greatsaddle blanket,
in which grandpa wrapped his feot, close
about tho bag,
" I had hardly t/ol settled when grandpa
came out, took a pinch of an till'aud mount'
" Somehow ho spilled a lot of muff into
tho blanket. Pretty quick it began to tickle
my nose, thc lours name into my eyes,���I
pinched my nose and stuffed it info thosldo
of mv wadded hood, Ohdeur I 1 must-
" K-ch-ch I out it came���a smothered
littlo sneeze. Grandpa thought 'twas ono ol
the liens that had got chosod with a wheal
beard," and grandma laughed an she sipped
her toa.
" Well, off we went, jolting and dangling
over the rough, frozen road, and beforo wo
got halfway thero I wished I was at home ;
lor either tho snuff or tho swaying of the
saddle-bag made me just sick. Then grandpa's buakiiicd leg lay right on top of my
head, and 1 didn't dare to stir.
"It seemed miles and miles through thoso
woods, and grandpa kept healing his heels
to kcop thom warm, liut just aa if scorned
as if 1 must scream right out I heard Jowlor,
grandpa's dog, hark.
"Jna iniiiuto mother and Aunt, Judith
ran to tho door, and grandpa was fumbling
i.i the bags.   He lifted lho flap of my bag
" 'Sho I sho ! I'll bu whipped if horo aim
Joan! Mother I Girls I Well, hop oul here,
child, and take sonic 'f lho kinks out of
yourself 1"
" 'liut wherc's my gown, father ?" cried
Aunt Judith. "Did you forget it, or hadn't
.Miss Tetnpy got il dono?"
"'J'neii It oamo out thai It was the wedding
gown that J had stuffed inlo the hole in the
"Dismayed ami awfully ashamed, I was
tucked right hack into Ihe saddle-bag, and
I was bounced homo again, graudpa chuckling
all the way,"
The last report of the United States department of agriculture estimates the
wheat crop of tho entire country
for 1892 at 518,913,000 million bushels. This ia some millions of bushels
larger than was indicated by the previous
monthly report, but it ia still 92,867,000
bushels smaller than the wheat crop of
last year. Thc general belief is that
the official estimate of tho United
States crop this year is too high.
At any rate, it is claimed lhat the average
weight per measured bushel of the crop is
light, so that tho crop will pan out considerably less in weighed bushels. The wheat
crop of Canada ia placed at 55,000,000
buahels, aa compared with 02,000,000 b shels
last year. The estimate for Canada, we
believe, is also too high, as it allows for a
crop of 22,000,000 bushels for Manitoba and
the territories. But taking the official
figures of each country, there is a shortage
in the wheat crop of tho United States and
Canada, aa compared with last year, of 100,-
000,000 bushels at least.
In a number of other countries there aro
deficienciea in the wheat crop of this year,
aa compared with last. India is expected
to bo abort about (10,000,000 buahels ; Italy
ia reckoned to be short 27,000,000 bushels,
and Great Britain, according to latest returns, will bo short about 19,000,000 bushels,
besides which the British wheat crop is very
poor quality, and will not go nearly aa far
aa a like number of bushels of choice wheat,
Thus we have in these fivo countriea a totil
shortage of about 200,000,000 bushels, according to official reports.
This is ono side of tho picture. Some
countries are giving a larger crop than last
year, notably Prance and Russia, in which
countriea cropa were very poor last season.
Franco is expected to have about 80,000,000
or more buahels moro than last year, while
Russia has been credited with ,'15,000,000
buahels more. Other countries do not change
the situation materially so far as can be
asertained. On account of Russia being so
bare of reserve stocka, the surplus thero
cannot count for much.
Beerbohm, the beat authority of London,
England, sums up the aituation as follows:
" Tho plain fact indicated by returns to
hand ia that tho world's production of
wheat is about 6,000,000 quarters (48,000,-
000 bushels) less than last year, Indeed
it will be seen that thia year's crop barely
reaches the average of the preceding fivo
year's crop, which was 209,000,000 quarters.
It is doubtful, too, whether the production
of wheat in the past season has reached
what may be called the normal requirements of the world, although these latter
are ofa somewhatclastic nature���depending
on surrounding circumstances. Wero it not,
therefore, for tho fact that the high prices
of last autumn had the effect of shifting
much of the surplus wheat from the exporting to the importing countries, it may safoly
he assumed that prices might, on the legitimate basis of supply and demand, bo materially higher than they now arc. It will
take some time to restore this equilibrium,
but meanwhile the moat conservative of
observers could hardly fail to arrive at tho
conclusion that, starting from tho prosent
basis of value3, thoro should be no noed for
The Liverpool Corn Trade ATews, in its
annual review, sums up the total wheat
crop of tho world at 2,115,000,000 buahels
as compared with 2,160,000,000 buahola last
year, making an estimated shortage of -15,-
000,000 bushels, Tho same authority do-
clarea that though reserves of old wheat
carried over wero larger in Britain, Franco,
Germany and tho Uuited States, than a
year ngo, taking all countrios, reserves of
old wheat wero light. The Liverpool journal adds:
By itself the wheat question ia inexplicable. It ia not asserted for a moment that
the high prices of laat November were justified by the situation, but neither ia the
present depression reasonable from a statistical point of viewalone.
In the later report Beerbohm states that in
any other your conditions similar to present
would advance thopriceof wheatiu England.
Ono great feature of weakneaa in tho British
markets is thc slaughter of American flour
there It is said that Canadian and Uuited
States Hour is boing sold on the other sido
at a less, That doprosses the prico of
wheat in England, and roacts to keep the
prico down in America. Millers, however,
cannot long continue to sell Hour iu that
way. Importing countries, however, particularly Great Britain, will soon havo to
come into the market to buy wheat more
actively than thoy have been doing. Tho
large marketings of wheat in America cannot long keep up as they have boen doing,
and with the shrinkage of stocks in importing countriea, and decline in marketings in
America, there should bo some improvement in prices. During the month of Sep-
tomber, stocksof breadstuffa in Furopo, including quantities afloat, were just about
stationary, and were about 20,000,000
bushels smaller ou the Iirst of October thau
a year ago. In the United States and Canada, howuvcr, they woro about 30,000,000
Tho most remarkablo foaturo of tho situation is the large marketings by farmers
in the United Stales, Deliveries by farm-
era ill that oountry have linen unprecedented, and in view ol tho low prices ruling for
wheat, aruallogcther inexplicable, Though
tho outlook statistically would indicate
higher prices, lho largo stream of wheat
pouring iu from producers is a soured of
temporary weaknoss. If farmers have resolved to markol their entire BUrlpua at
tho boginning of tho crop year, they will
succeed in keeping pricos down until tho
grain has paused into second hands, and
holders will gain all the advantage of probably higher prices later on.
Tho Minister's Homo.
About fifty years ago, in a remote parir.li
in the .South of Scotland, thore lived a
mlnistor of tho aiild kirk.
His parish waa a vory large ono, which
necessitated a good deal of walking. His
parishioners thereupon agreed that ho
ought to have a horse.
Silting ono day wiih glass in haul. Ihis
question was broaohod i "Na, na," was his
answer, holding up tho glass, which waa
half full of whisky, "this ia my horse, ond I
COllldna desirn oollt belter."
On his way home one day ho found one of
his mombors lying in a bog full of mire.
"What's liko the matter wi'ye, John;"
laid the minister,
"Oh, naollilngi hie, but (sputter) the
minister's horse bus thrown me,
A man's own good breeding Is the bos!
o ourlty against other people's ill mannors
Beuurkablc Kxplanailon   >t a M|>|>��-6<1
Harder Stfittrtj.
^ A recent issue of the Key West (Fla.)
Equator tells of an odd duel near that place
betweeii a young hunter aad a Urge buck
which he had shot. Thinking the animal
dead, the young man went up and stooped
down to cut hia throat, when, with an expiring effort, the victim rose aad, with one
mad rush, killed hia victor. Similar incidents are not so rare, perhaps, aa is generally
supposed, but tho one referred to calls up a
tragedy which occurred in the Indian Territory near here twenty-five or thirty years
ago, the explanation of which was never discovered until a few months ago, and has
not yet been made public
Toward tho close of the war a young
Confederate officer from the southern part
of Alabama, who was known as Devaur or
Devore, went West and stopped in Fort
Smith, Ark., for a few weeks. While there
he formed quito a friendship for a kind-
hearted old backwoodsman, who on account
of hia gaunt appearance was known aa
"Skinny "Jones. Devaux had lost most
of his friends and relatives during the war,
he said, and had aohl everything he had
left in order to get away from a locality
that had ao mary aad memories connected
with it.
He waa educated, and a polished man of
the world, and the friendship between him
and "Skinny" waa regarded as odd, but as
they remained in Fort Smith but a few
weeks, they soon passed out of people's
minds. They left together, and some
months afterward it was learned from a
Seminole Indian that they had constructed
a house in a little cave at the foot of the
Shawnee Hills on the south bank of the
Canadian River, about 200 milos from Fort
During tho succeeding year they went to
town twice together, but on the third trip
"Skinny" was alone, and it waa noticed
that he wore Devaux's handsome moccasins
and carried Devaux's ccstly rifle. Whon
asked about his companion, he first gave
evasive answers, and finally said he had
mysteriously disappeared, having gono
hunting one day and never returned. A
Deputy United States Marshal, learning of
thc circumstances, made prepvrationa to
arrest "Skinny ;" but before he could put
his plan into execution the old fellow had
left towu, and so the matter was dropped.
The whole affair gradually dropped out of
the minds of those acquainted with the circumstances, and was revived for the firat
time a few months ago in a strange way.
Tho Wilkinson family, with whom "Skinny" used to put up when in town, separated some years ago. One of the boys drifted over to South McAlcster, and ultimately
went to work in a coal mine near there. A
few months ago he saw old "Skinny" Jones
walking along tbeatreets of South McAles-
tor, and learned that he waa regarded as
harmlessly insane.
The old mau seemed to havo plenty of
money, and came to town two or three times
each year to lay in supplies. These supplies,
by making aeveral trips, ho himself carried
to his den,which was thought to bo some-
whero on the banks of the Canadian Ri'-er
at the foot of the Shawnee Hills. Young
Wilkinson remembered the mysterious disappearance of Devaux a quarter ot a century
ago, and determined to follow "Skinny,"
if possible, and unravel the mystery.
By the exerciso of the greatest skill he
succeeded in tracking the old man to bis
cave, but in following him up, he came to
tho mouth of the cave before he knew it,
and was looking into tho barrel of a gun
with a very augry backwoodsman at the
other end of it. He did not need two invitations to throw up his hands and explain
his presonce. He told the whole truth,
explained who he waa, and what suspicions
pooplo had had for years, aud why he had
followed him. His evident truthfulness appeased lho old man's wrath, and the latter,
after placing food and water���of whicli tbey
both partook hearlilv���before them, beckoned to tho young man aud started up the
After scrambling for an hour they reached
the summit o: tho nills, as they were called,
and "Skinny" walked to a large rock ia
which thero was a crack or rift extending
back 10 or 15 feet. Tho Sun wu alibiing
directly into tho opening, and "Skinny
aimplystoppedinfrontofitandpoin'ed with
his long, bony linger. A glance showed two
skeletons standing there as if mounted -one
of a large deer, and one of a man. A closer
inspection showed that tho angry buck had,
possibly in hia death agony, rushed upon hia
enemy, crowding through the narrow space
in order to reach him, and having impaled
him on his horn, they had died together.
The horn had entered the man's left aide,
had taken an upward turn between two of
hia ribs aud still held him impaled as it had
at first 25 years before.
Tho two men turned and walked down to
the cava and the old man said alowly, " I
have shown you this because I don't want
your father's family to beliovu moamurdcr-
or. It was ton years after his death Ljforo
I found him and then it was by accident.
My rillo. which he had borrowed the day ho
left, and his knife with his name ou it wero
at his feet. I promised him when he left
that day that no matter how long ho might
be guile 1 Would wait Ull he came beck and
I will. I am a friend to ynu and youra but
I must never he dialurbcd here again. Tako
my hoat and go down the river till you come
lu tho railroad bridge and tie it up and
eavu it there for mo. Vou can fimi your
way from there.''
Ami putting young Wdkinaon into the
boat hu watched him till ho di-appeared
down tho river. The young nun made a
trip to Ins old home .soon afterward ami told
the story as given, Parts of it are known
to bo true but as to Whether lhe res', is or not
opinions differ.
Sho���"Am I indeed your Queen! He
���" You are only���" She���"Only what!"
Ho���" I wish I had held you last nigh'.."
" \ sneeze ain't iot much bus'noM enterprise," aaid Tommy; " every out's got to
htutter in tho nose 'foro it goes off."
"Johnny, why doesn't your mother put
a patch over that hole in your troutere!'
"Causo a patch 'ud wear out an'th. hole
Tom���"What nationality do you take
Miso Simgglo to bo!" Jack���"The tint
time 1 called I thought ahe was French, but
lately I've been convinced that sho is a
BUS Decring���"I'm afraid papa wai sn^ry
when you i.cke I bim for mo, wasn't bo, Jack
lovit'1 Jack Billow��� "Not at lit He
asked if I know any more respeotaltl- young
men who would be likely 11 mart--'. jiir live
sis! :n if properly coaxed,'' muB'nMU. juw J-ma "��*���*�� n
Cty kootenay Star
SATURDAY, DEO. 3, 1892.
Resources or the Lardeau.
Mr. W. B. Tool, wbo was one of
tbe first prospectors to go iuto lho
Lardeau last spring, nnd who owns
two of the five chums in tho Pool
group, in the vicinity of Trout Lake,
was in town a few days sinco, having
brought up some specimens of ore
for exhibition at Chicago. Mr. Pool
is a good authority on miues and
minerals, having bnd 15 yews' experience, and all who know him know
that be is not given to exaggeration,
but that he ifl a man whoso word can
be relied upon. Hefore returning to
the Lardeau wo obtaiued from Mr.
Pool tbo following statumeut :���
"I have been prospecting in tho
Lardeau during the pust summer,
nnd must say that my most sanguine
expectations have been  moro than
realized.    I havo  just arrived  in
Iievelstoke, in company wilb Mr.
John Stauber, witli specimens from
the principal miues in the Lardean
for the World's Fair.   I have beeu
prospecting for 15 years iu some of
tho principal mining camps in the
United Stales, and I cun assure you
that, in all my experience, I have
never seen stirfuce prospects thut for
size and richness can in any way
compare with thoso that have been
recently discovered in tbe Lardeau,
and I oonsider that mining  men
should turn thoir attention to that
district as soon as possible, for those
who secure any of those prospects
���dill, in my opinion, certainly bo
numbered amongst the most fortu-
uute mining mentors the world over
saw, The Fish Cieek mines, adjoining tbe Lardeau on the north, aro
also very rich.   They are located ou
the same mineral belt which runs
through part of iho Lardeau country,
When I arrived at Thomson's Lnnd-
iug tbero was but ono house at tho
head of tho Arm. Since then n com*
fortablo boarding house and storo
have been erected by Mr. Thomson,
and lumber is airiving from Ilovelstoke for building on the townsito of
Lardeau City.   Eight uew ranches
have been located at the bend of the
Arm and four at Trout Lake, on ull
of wbioh the settlers are erecting
bouses and making improvements.
I have seen the ranchers clear off the
brush and timber and plant grain
and vegetables, and the crops thoy
have gathered this fall, both for
yield and quality, cannot be Bur-
passed by any farm on Puget Sound
or the delta of the Fraser, and there
ore several thousand acres of such
fertile land yet to be taken np in the
Lurdean Pass nnd ou Fish Creek.
There is a vast quantity of valuable
timber for lumber and shingles at
tne head of tho Arm, np Fish Creek,
nnd in tbo Lardeau valley.   I have
im doubt tbnt next summer will see
saw mills and shingling works established there, as tho timber is of the
finest quality and very plentiful,
'J he whole region abounds iu wealth.
Splendid fishing is to  bo  bnd in :
Trout Lake, either with the trull or |
a worm bait, the trout ranging from
21b. to 201b. iu weight.  The scenery ;
is grand, at some points sublime,
nnd will attract artists in search of
somet, iug out of the cotuninn.   I
have visited tbe principal  mining
claims iu tho Lardenu aud at Fish
Creek, and consider that the reports
appearing iu the St.u; aud copied in
tho Coast papern from time to time
were rather under the  mark than
above it.    Nothing yet  published
regarding the discoveries of mineral
in the Lardeau has heen exaggerated.
The gieat drawback to tbe miues is
the lack of roads for shipping ore
and bringing in machinery and supplies, the only facilities afforded at
present being 15 or 20 miles of rough
mountain trails to the Arm,
tiling having to be carried nn pack
horses.    Bnt the road  through lhe
Lai dean Pass must bn made uext
summer, and   I  do not apprehend
any difficulty about it, us the im
iiienso wealth stored up there will ho
uu incentive to the Government, the
C.P.R, and ih" mine owners to join
hand, in the undertaking,  I be Lardean Pass Is specially adapted for a
railway,  which could  run di
Lake Kootenay,   I rom tbi railway
wagon roads cmld he made to the
principal groups of mines,   I'lu i will
have to he done in the near future,
1 consider that lho limber and fanning interests, even i
Merchant Millers, Moosomin, Assa.
B R A N D 8
Dealers in .nil kinds of
Look out for
Sacked or in Bulk.    The finest quality of OATMEAL
CORNMEAL cuu bo obtained in any sized sticks.
Quotations cheerfully furnished on application,
Special Attention given to lhe British Columbia Trade.
Moosomin, N.W.T. and 25 Spark St. Ottawa, Ont,
Northern Pacific Railway Co, and
the Pullman Palaoe Car Co. for ue-
f'lecting to guard thn train properly
while passing through a sparsely
settled and lawless district; thut
thoy failed to lock the rear door and
take oiber precautions, and tlmt the
servants of tbe companies made no
effort to defend the passengers,
[addressed TO TUE EDTTOr,. ]
The Editor cannot be responsible for the
opinions expressed by correspondents.
Freight Bates.
Sir,���I have just received a oar-
load of hay and oats from Enderby,
and am charged by the railway company over SCO for carriage of same.
Before purchasing I mudo inquiries
as to tbo freight charges, and was
informed that a carload of hay would
be 835 and ono of oats $45, But it
appears tbnt a mixod carload of only
12 ions is charged ,*G0���nearly double
the rate for hay alone. Now, nil*, is
it auy wonder tbat tbis towu and
others similarly situated without any
railway competition do uot make auy
progress, when freight charges arc
so high as to kill all business eutor��
prise? Sixty dollars for bringing a
carload 75 ruilos is simply extortion.
���Yours truly,
Eevelstoke, Nov. 29th.
To the Public.
Str,���Permit me through your
columns to express my ib-t-p gi*-ati-
tnde to tbe travelling public and tbe
citizens of 11 ivelstoke for the liberal
patronage thoy have accorded me
during the seven years I have been
iti business here. I value very
highly the good opinion of my
friends, and I feel very much the
honor dune me by coupling mv name
with others who, like myself, are
leaving for the east, aud tendering
to ns a farewell assembly on Friday
night, In botel life I have always
bad tbe interests of the publio ut
heart, and it is most gratifying to me
to know that my endeavors have
been appreciated, My successors
have had great experience in hotel
management, and will no doubt Lie
,!,, ti m ik tbi '������ iot ria even more
successful than it has been in the
! ,i-'. Wishing one aud all a merry
( brntmas and ;., .ay oi them,
I am, dear sir,
Yours sincerrir,
Iievelstoke, Nov.      ... 1892,
Mall Facilities Wanted.
Sib,���I am writing from ao ont-of-
he-way ]        in the wildt ��� 11
known i th East Arm   I
I pper Arrow Laki      here I have
lived io lolitnde for threo year ,
waiting for tbi   n ' '���'������ ��� th ol
monntains to display itself,   But it
.   ii i    life,   Cul ol
if th        Id, withn
mail for four or five months, ���������
help ol docfe r <o mi    11 In
nets, If tbe Oovei i.-,- ���
,,, a monthly mail dun
ier we ��onld bo vi
Dnring tbe pnsl
���i,in��� ni to "hare in until
the population now reaches a rl
Prospeotora have pe  "l through to
the l,i
Assayer aud Analytical Chemist,
Nearly seven years assayer nt tbe
Morfa Works, Swansea, and over 17
years ohief analyst to Wigan Goal k
Iron Co., Wigan.
Assays aud analysis of every description undertaken on tbo most
reasonable terms.
Positively no connection with any
miues or works; accurate and unbiassed results nre thereforo ensured.
Mr, C, P. Stoes1!, Nelson, is tbe
authorized agent for Lower Kooteuay.
Revelstoke Station Post Office.
W. J. LAW,
Merchant Tailor,
(Near O.P.R. Station)
English Worsteds,Scotch and
Irish Tweeds and Serges
Stoves, Tinware, Crockery, Glassware. Carpets.
Doors, Windows, Builders' Hardware, Paints, Oils, Varnishes.
Bakery in connection with Store.
Charmingly situated on tho bn ik of
tho river, on tho prinoipul street,
close to the post-olrico and
Government buildings,
and nearest to the
First-class Table, good Beds,
ssrs. 0. B. Hume & Co.,
Eevelstoke Station,
Waajons and all kinds of
Vehicles Repaired.
Shoeing a_Specia!tv.^
Koo'enav Lake
Consignment of Butter and Eggs received every week.
Railwav Men's Requisites.
Furniture & Undertaking.
Has a large Stock of Household Furniture, Coffins, Caskets,
Shrouds, &c.
G, 0
Large Stocks mi band
i nre In
Great Building
ing iniiilfi fur llm
Doom ni \H02.
ledges wo.ro non-existent, would amply justify tlio construction of n rail*
way through the Lankan Pans, On
tln> whole, from what I know of tbe
Lardeau nnd Fish Creek district! I
nm most emphatically !tate that
rithar in mining, lumbering nr farm
ing pnrsnits Ihey offer to men of
capital ami energy opportunities-for
profitable investment whioh may
nevur again  bu met with on
the rich mines in
the rioh mineral   next year will witnesi ign I
11. Gnimnre, who recently roM n
'claim in the Sloean, wuh nn I -d
tho Northern Paoifio train which waa
hi'ld np by threo masked men near
Hut, Bprings last week, and ivoh
lobbed of all tbo nuiiioy bo bad
about him���81,000. It Is Bnpposed
Ibat tin robbers woro railway men
'who bud knowledge of his being on
tbelrain, aud no rionbt sxpoeted to
.jjiami a rich haul. Mr. Gnimnre will
���bring suit for damagos ngain.-t tbo
of miners to the m w eldi i   b
ne'.v oity is being laid i il
land owned by VI
���, and wo trnly hope tho;
be able !-> gi t a mail si rvice
wn have been ui ab i to ol
have boon no kind an to sill
road aoross tbe corner of n     mil
and Mr. 'I bomson's, ao an I
thi trail Into tbe Lardean    Them
tbis  fellows know more than I do, >.��� I i
inoerely bopo they will be
get done (hose things for which wo
bavi  asked In vain   ospeciall
,.  i, road through the Lai
Then I don't think there Is a man In
tlm district who will object to giving
throe ohoers for Kellie and his town-
Mite,   Probably tbe good people of
Iievelstoke will then get np another
big supper and congratulate thom
jolTes on fast beooming "a second
Oliioago or Hun Eranoisoo,"   Knurs
truly, E JOHNSON.
North East Aim, Nov, Hint.
J. E, WALSH & Co.,
Charges paid on
for Sloean Lake.
Hav and Grain for sale
General Commission
Pa ii ngers lulled throngh from
Far Coupon Tiokets apply to
C. &K.Nov. Co.
All ordors by mail or
express promptly
All descriptions of
'gold and silver.
Notary Publio - - REVELSTOKE. B. O
Mlulngj Timber
and  ileal Estate Broker
Commission Agent.
and General
Conveyances. Agreements, Bilk of Sale, Mining Bonds, eto., drawn up.
Renin and Accounts oolleoted ; Mining Claims bought and sold ; Assessment Work on Mining Claims attended t��; Patents applied for, eto,, ote.,
Lots in Townsite of
Kevelstoke fur Salo nnd Wanted.
Macluuery, etc,
Agents for Mining
i i


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