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The Kootenay Star Oct 8, 1892

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Array VOL. IV.
No. 17.
(foiim f.)
Certificate of Improvements.
Lanark Mineral Claim, Illecillowaet,
Wt^st Kootenay District.
Take notice that I, N. P, SNOW-
DON, froe miner's certificate No.
40429, intend, sixty days from the
date hereof, to apply to the Gold
Commissioner for a certificate of improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a Crowu grant of the above claim.
Aud further take notice, that adverse claims must be sent to the Gold
Commissioner and action commenced
before the issuance of such certificate
of improvements.
Dated this 28th day of August, 1892
Beautifully situated ou the Lake
Shore at the eutrauce to the best and
shortest road to the Sloean mines aud
New Denver. The best tishiug aud
hunting in the district, with grand
boating and sketching facilities for
tourists aod artists.
The Bar is supplied with the
Best brands of wiues.liquors
and cigars,
The accommodations of the Hotel are
of the best.
Ernest Fletcher,
Plans and Specifications drawn up for
persons intending to build.    Seasoned Lumber always ou hand.
Fancy Work, Turnod and
Scroll Work executed
neatly.   A fine selection Picture
Furniture Made and Repaired.
Orders by mail promptly attended to.
Stockholm House
The Dining-room is furnished with the
best the market affords.
The bar is supplied with a choice stock
of wines, liquors and cigars,
The largest and most central Hotel in
the city ; good accommodation ; everything new ; table well supplied ; bar and
billiard room attached ; tiro proof safe.
This town, magnificently situated on
the Upper Arrow Lake, is the
shipping port for the
Sloean Mines, is
Blocan Lake and New Dcaver
by a
trail 18 miles in
length, aud is bound to
speedily become a place of
Considerable wealth and importance.
Townsite maps and all information
lis to purchase of lots can be obtained
(    aaV t   aftaM
McCarth**   -
First-olass Temperance House.
Board and Lodging $5 Per Week.
MEALS, 25c.      11EDS 26c.
This hotel is situated convenient to the
station, is comfortably furnished, uud
affords first class accommodation.
To take Effect June 30th, 1892,
Columbia and Kootenay
Steam Navigation Co.
Arrow Lakes and Columbia
Biver Route Steamers.
Steamer will leave Revelstoke at 4
B.m, every MovDAr nnd ihursiUy
for Bobson, Trail Creek and Little
Dalles, returning to Revelstoke on
Wednesdays and Saturuavs.
Close connection made with Cana
dian Pacific Railway at Revelstoke,
Columbia k Kootenay Railway at
Robson for Nelsou, and Spokane Falls
k Northern Railway at Little Dalles
for Spokane Falls, Wash.
Str. Nelson leaves Nelson for Pilot
Bay, Ainsworth and Kaslo at 8 a.m.
on Tuksdavs aud Fridays, reluroiug
viu these pons same day.
For Pilot Bay, Ainsworth, Kaslo
and Bonner's Ferry at 8 a.m. ou SUNDAYS aud Wednesdays, Reluming,
leaves Bonner's Ferry for Pilot Bay,
Ainsworth, Kaslo and Nelsou at 3 a.m.
ou Mondays aud Thursdays.
Royal Mail Lines.
Proposed Sailings from Montreal.
MONGOLIAN, .Allan Line... Sept. 17
SARDINIAN "        ...Sept. 24
NUMIDIAN "        ... Oct. 1
SARNIA.., .Dominion Line... Sept. 14
LABRADOR "        ... Sept. 21
OREGON "        ... Sept. 28
From New York.
BRITANNIC.. .White Star... Sept. 14
MAJESTIC "        ... Sept, 21
GERMANIC "        ... Sept. 28
Cabin 840, 845, 850, 860, 870, 880 upwards.
Intermediate, 825 j Steerage, 820.
Passengers ticketed through to all
points in Great Britain and Ireland, and
at specially low rates to all parts of the
European continent,
Prepaid passages arranged from all
Apply to nearest steamship or railway
agent; to
I. T. Brewster,
Agent, Revelstoke;
or to Robert Kerr, General Passenger
Agent, Winnipeg.
AND wholesale and retail DEALERS in
beef, pork, etc.
ri, BiCMK
Assayer and Analytical Chemist,
Golden, B.C.
Silver, Gold or Lead, ench ���
do. combined
Bilver and Lead	
Silver and Gold	
Silver and Copper	
Silver, Gold and Copper	
Bilver, Gold, Lead mid Copper
Othor prices on application
Boots & Shoes made to
Harness Leather Kept in* Stock.
Agent in RevblstobEiTiirouoh whom
Samples mav uesbnti
Myrtle Navy
Ripans Tftbulos: ono glvi
T. & B.
In Bronze Letters.
Mr. J. A. Mara, M,l\, camo up on
Wednesday's boat.
Mr. J. M. Kellie, M.P.P., wan a
passenger to Rcbson by Monday's
Mr. T. R. Neault, 0. P. R. contractor, arrived up from Nakusp on
A nearly new Raymond Sewing
Machine for sale, cheap.���Apply at
Drug Store.
Dr. J. C.Davie, of Victoria, has
been appointed health ollicer for tho
Something new in the history of
tho town will ocour on thc 29th inst.
The circus will be hero!
Bishop Sillitoo will oflieiate at the
Church of England services iu the
sohoolroom on Sunday, the 16th.
Mr. Jas. Anderson, of Nakusp, has
beeu appoiuted steward on the str.
Columbia, in placo of Mr. linker.
Rev. Mr. Ladner will preach tomorrow in the Methodist Church,
morning at 10.30, evening at 7.30.
All are cordially invited.
Awfully cold, vou inow!���Don't
shiver with the cold when jou cau
get a good new box stove for an old
soDg at H. N, Coursier's.
There will be Sunday-school tomorrow afternoon in the school-
house in connection with the Church
of Eugland.   All children wolcomo.
Joseph Solva was married at Twin
Buttes last Sunday morning to a
young lady recently arrived ont from
Poland. Rev. Father Guertin officiated,
Servioe will be held by the Rev.
T. Paton in (he Presbyterian churoh
to-morrow evening at 7.30. Prayer
meeting at Mr. Raton's house ou
Wednesday at 8 p.m.
Messrs. 0 B. Huhe k Co. havo
just received a oar load of wheat, a
car load of flour, and a large consignment of fall and winter clothing,
dry goods, shoes and rubbers.
Amongstr-others who arrived np by
the Columbia on Wednesday were
Messrs. T. Home, li. Langrell, T.
Edwards and Harrison, from the Lardeau ; T. M. Hamilton, from Nakusp,
The little sou of Mr. Chas. Tnrnros
died last Sunday morning, aged oue
year and nine months. The fnnorul
took place on Wednesday in private
ground. Mr. R. Howson was the
..iessrs. F. B. Wells, John Abrahamson, R. Conuell, W. B. Pool and
J. W. Thomson left on the Marion
last Tuesday for the Lardeau, The
steamer carried a quantity of lumber
for Mr. TUomson's uew house at the
Landing, and miners' supplies.
At a meeting of the Revelstoke
Quadrille Club ou Tuesday evening
the following were elected officers
for the ensuing season :���President,
���C. H. Temple; vice-president, H. A.
Browu; treasurer, I. T. Brewster;
Secretary, H, J. Euurne; M.C., Guy
Barber; managing committee, J, P.
Sutherland, J. Syder and the officers.
For the past ten days the weather
has been delightful, tbe skies cloudless and the days warm, although the
nights are a trifle chilly ; but tho
grandeur of a full moou sailing over
the mountain peaks in conipauy with
Jupiter nnd Mars lends an ouohaut-
iug attraction to Selkirk scenery and
is a fine incentive to outdoor exercise.
Mr. H. N. Coursier, who recently
visited some of the mining claims in
the Lardeau, brought liaok with him
a piece of rock casually picked up
from the dump at ouo of the claims,
Being curious to kuow what it would
sample, he sent it to Mr, W. Pellew
Harvey, Golden, lor assay, and has
just received the result���7i!2os*.8dwt.
silver per ton.
The Columbia was delayed several
hours on hor way down rivor last
Monday by a thick fog in the early
morning, aud in cons quence was
late on hor return journey. On
Thursday of last week she broke an
eccentric rod ou her down trip,which
made her eight houi'B late at Robson,
Tho ehiof engineer of the company
has beeu making tho ropairs during
the trips.
J. E. Long and partner havo discovered a very rieh-looliing lodge of
galena near Bear Lake, Simian, and
brought up samples last Saturday
for assay. The ledgo is a huge ouo,
with four feet of solid ore. Two
claims were located, aud Mr, Long
expects the assay will show the ore
to be of exceo.iing richness, but
until tho returns arrive they will put
in time on the assessment work, and
went down by Monday's hoat for that
There is not, and thero cannot bo,
any smoking tobacco hii potior to the
"Myrtle Navy" brand, A wrapper
of brighter appearance and higher
price it is possible to get, but all
wrappers aro very poor smoking
toliacco, and but a single leaf is
wrapped round a plug. Tho slock
used in the body of the Myrtle Navy
plug is the very best whioh money
cuu purohase, The powers o! the
Virginia soil cun produce nothing
belter, and no oilier soil in the world
can produce as lino tobacco as that
ol Virginia.
Mr. John Stauber, who came up
from the Lardeau on Friday lust,
brought wiih him a number of skins
in prime condition. Thoy included
two bears, 8 minks, II black wolves
(7 feet long), 3 wolverines and 50
martens. Mr. Stauber spends very
few idle moments, Ho bus u silver
mine, on which ho has dono ull tho
assessment work this summer, a large
ranch, and also limls time to make
trails, go trapping, and do a great
deal of prospecting.
Mr. Law, of Golden, who has been
authorized to collect specimens of
mineral from the two Kootenays for
the Chicago fair, called at this ollico
ou Wednesday. Ho will make up a
fine collection of ores from tbe Lardeau and Sloean. Speaking of the
Mineral Act, Mr, Law thinks the
present law would bo all right with
a little alteration, Three stakes
should bo plaoed along tho ledgo,
each outside stake 750 feet from the
centre ono, which should be recognizable to all-comers as tbe "centre
slake." This would always render
the finding of tbe boundaries of the
claim au easy job, Locators should
be allowed to follow the dip right or
left, Mr. Law promised to give his
views on the subject iu these columns
Condemned tit a Meeting of
A meeting of prospectors and
others interested in mining was held
at the Schoolhouse, Revelstoke, last
Saturday night for the purpose of
discussing the working of the Mineral
Act of 1892. Mr. F. Fraser waa
elected chairman and Mr. J.Thomson
secretary, There was a good attendance, a large number of miners and
prospectors beiug in town.
Mr. J. M. Kellib, M, P. P. for
West Kootenay, explained that the
changes were made in the miuing
laws becauso of petitions from other
districts.    Ho thought the present
Act was a move in tho wrong direction, and had opposed some portions
of it in committee.    It should bo
altered or repealed.   He quoted au
iustiiuce at a certain mine where, at
2,500 feet, tbo vein had doparted throo
quarters of a milo from the perpeu-
diculur.thus showing that tho vortical
sido liues enforced by the Aet of 1802
would bo liable to lead to loss aud
disaster.   Ho was strougly opposed
to men staking claims without finding mineral iu place.   Ho did not
think it right that prospectors should
be limited to two claims in a district.
It usually occurred that a great per.
centago of claims located turned out
to be worthless, and often after doing
assessment work on his locations tho
prospector hud nothing to show for
it, aud the summer goue. Mr. Kellie
expressed the opiniou   that these
meetings were the best means of
bringiug their grievances  to   tho
front.   They were uearly all practical miners and   knew what they
wanted, and he pledged himself to
do his utmost in tho Assembly to
obtain the ohanges they desired iu
tho present mining laws. (Applause)
Mr. J. W. HaisKiaS's, who had just
arrived from the Lardoau, was woll
receivod.   He gavo it as his opinion
that the obi laws were better tbau
tho uew.    Amoug other things ho
said no suow locatious should be
allowed, as it very often kept out
better men thau tho smart locators,
No oue should bo permitted to stake
a claim without finding, ut least, one
of the walls.    As for tho vortical
limit, bo had worked iu the Corn-
stock, and had the owners of that
phenomenal miue been confined to
vortical sido linos thoy could uever
huvo taken out tho millions thoy did,
for at a depth of less than 3,000 feet
the vein was fully three-quarters of
a milo from the perpendicular.   A
miner should not bo deprived of bis
lead because his ledge dipped outside ol bis side liues.  (Appiuuso )
Mr. T. Downs spoke very strongly
against the present Act. Ho said
prospectors Bboiild be oompellod to
place locution notices on their lodgos.
Under the present system a man
might be working lor weeks ou a
ledge that was already located.
Mr. L. MoDonald said no man
could toll when staking a claim how
tlio ledge would dip. It was liable
to go far beyond bis side liue limits.
Mr. A. II. HOLDIOH (a?Hayur) was
iu favor of the old Act, and thought
prospectors should be obliged to
place their stakes on the ledge, aud
should bu allowed to follow it iu all
its dips, spurs and angles.
Mr. II. N. I'oiinsinii (merchant)
said he know but littlo aoolit mining,
but ho bad visited some of the claims
in the Lardeau this summer and had
got a litlle insight into the working
of lhe Aet it scorned to him a gieat
hardship lhat a man should lose the
benefit ot all bis labor because the
ledge dipped buyoud the limits of
ins ground, lie must Mund at that
vniilugu point ami look ut it, but be
may uot lollow or loueh it, Another
man niiglii cuine along, and learning
the lau.s Uii|<hi nlalvu a "wildout'
tbo first man had opened np, and
nothing prevented his goiug down
and gathering iu the fruits of hie
neighbor's labor. He was strougly
iu favor of the Act of 1881 in prefer-,
enoe to that of 1802. (Hear, heir.)
He had met with capitalists at Nakusp who refused to invest in mine?
because they did not care to spend
money in developing cluims without-
being allowed to follow their loads.
After remarks by Messrs. P. \l.
Walker, A. Parks uud others,
Mr. Haskins moved "Tbat the Act
be so amended that a miner may
follow his lead through all its dipi
and angles; that a miner be permitted to stake a olaim on each ledge*
he discovers ; that a miner be obliged
to find mineral in place before recording a claim; anil tbat it is tho
opinion of this meeting that tho Aet
of 1891 is preferable to the Aqt of
1892."���On a voto being taken Ihe
meeting was unanimously in favor of
tho Aot of 1891.
Mr. L. MoDonald thon moved
"That Messrs. A. H. Holdicb, W.
M Brown, P. M. Walker, T, Downs,
W, Cowan, H. Ross and the mover
be a committee to formulate resolH-
tions with regard to changes desired
to be made in the mining lawn."
This was carried noa imously,
Mr. P. PetiiRSon wished to put a
question to Mr. Kellie before tho
meeting dispersed. He wanted to
know whether the dispute over the
Revelstoke townsite was settled or
not? He had been assessed for
$2,000, and he considered he ought
not to be compelled to pay taxes
before bo knew whether he owned
any land or not.
Mr. Kellie was sorry be oould do
nothing in the matter. It would
have to go through tbe oourts.
The meeting coucluded with a vote
of thanks to the chairman, secretary
and speakers.
uujat door aud right over the ledge I Coursioi 8,
It niiylit Lave been Worse.
A rather damp affair, which has
been going tho rounds as the best
juke of the season, occurred on the
Columbia river u few days  ago.
Three fishing enthusiasts from the
station constructed a raft just below
the smelter to convey themselves to
the other sido, where greot numbers
of fish have beeu left  in the old
channel since tbe water fell. Gathering some cedar logs, it is stated they
tied them together with some twine
whioh they had brought for the purpose, aud uu thu top of the logs they
placed a quantity of driftwood. Now
driftwood is always water souked and
heavy, uud this kept the logs underneath the surface.   But our adventurers kuow  uo fear, and boldly
launched their unwieldy craft upou
the turbulent bosom ol the river aud
with   long  sticks  paddled  fur tbe
other shore,   The eddying current
spun the raft in circles, and soon
the cedar logs begun to part company, and, in spite of the careful
tying and yards of twine, they bobbed up uow aud again a few feet away
aud gleefully shaped their course
down rivor,  leaving tbe mariners
with only  the driftwood  botween
them aud  destruction.    Then  the
siuking process began.   Slowly thu
raft settled down as the buoyant logs
took their departure.    Deeper and
deeper crawled aud splashed tbe icy
water up tbe naked limbs of tbe
voyagers,   for   tbey  had   divested
themselves of tbeir shoes, socks and
unmentionables  when  tbe sinking
began,   Soon tbe water rose to tbeir
waists and reached for tbeir upper
garmouts, and, with the difficult feat
of holding aloft a pair of pauts and
shoes in ouo hand, it took them ull
their timo to protect their trailing
liuen from the greedy waters with
the only  hand   at  liberty.    One
pair of pants, however, dropped iuto
the seething swirl  aud  was swept
away down  stream,   slowly going
under water as thoy became soaked,
and probably dragged (towu by tbe
weight of tho mouey in tho pockets.
Thoy belonged to "W. F, 0,   Rage"
gave way to laughter as "Frankio"
Hopped iuto the water as gracefully
us a mermaid, and soon reappeared
with the abscouding pants iu his
mouth, his long hair floating around
his sjlph like form making eupilul
hawsers for towiug tbo submerged
wreck uud the half-clad voyagers to
a haven of sufety.  They picked out
a seqnest, red spot in the "Bush by"
Indian Isluud, uud there secure from
prying eyes they shiveringly donned
theii nether garment?, which seemed
to be stuck together with gluo in-
stead of Columbia river water.   It
waB nearly four miles to tho station
by way ol the bridge, but no other
route was open to them.   Thankful
lhat their perilous voyuge uuu uot
cude.l fatally, they "hoaioHurd plod
their weary way," and it is stated
that many people turned ont to investigate tlie peculiar i.oise caused
by the "squlchiug" of tbe water in
their boob us thoy walked.
Brilliant Lights.-If you detest
cleaning smutty lamp ohimneys and
want a bright ngM, (.et one oi those
new lamps stllnin to cheap al II. N, When a skin disease breaks out the as
sumption generally is that the blood is out
of oi'der, and that it is full of "humor.1
What is meant by the term " humor" no
one seems to know ; yet for generations it
has been used, and to-day is quite as popular ub ever.
Consonant with this inexplicable theory,
the victims of these troubles generally dose
themselves with so-called "blood-purifiers,"
until they learn from experience that they
were wrong in their assumption, and that
the cause is external and acts directly upon
the skin itself, or that it exists in some important organ, as the stomach, lungs, kidneys or liver.
- l'rr bably tlierc is no class of disease that
demands greater skill in diagnosis and treatment than this. In only a few instances,
comparatively, is thc skin directly at fault.
In these tho eruptions are generally caused
by excessive heat, the bite of insects, or
somethingof thesort. \V here such causes are
active, and can be determined, a cure can occasionally be elTceted. But in tho majority of
eruptions the cause lies beyond the skin, and
in somo of the important organs mentioned.
In which cascitis uoteasily discovered, even
by discerning physicians; and of course,
laymen could rarely ever, if ever, find it.
Considering this fact, self-treatment can
promise but little, and really nothing where
" blood purifiers " ai o used. If people will
insist upon experimenting upon themselves
in this class of affections, al least they should
confine themselves to external remedies, and
to those that they know to ho perfectly
harmless. If they wish to use an ointment,
let it he the simple oxide of zinc ointment,
or made by adding a teaspoonful of sulphur
to one or two tablespoonfuls of lard. Vaseline is also a very good " salve." Unless
tho ingredients are carefully selected, and
on scientific principles, no other ointment
promises better than these. Or if a lotion
is preferred, one may be made up of two
drachms of oxide of zinc, one oitnceof glycerine, and fi ve ounces of rose water. This
can do no harm, and it may do much good
in some cases. Or if there is much itching
and the skin is not broken, it can be best
overcome hy a solution of menthol in alcohol���one drachm to ten drachms.
As for the indiscriminate use of medicines
internally for skin diseases, no good can
come from it; moreover, in most cases it
must do harm. Internal self-treatment
should be restricted to a careful regulation
of the diet; and this in some instances will do
much to effect a cure. Richdishessuchaspas-
tries,gravies, etc., often give rise to indigestion ; and this trouble is likely to aggravate,
if it does not positively create, a disorder of
theskin. On the othcrliand,contrary to the
belief of many people, simple fats, as cream,
butter, also fatty pans of meats that have
been broiled, roasted or bailed, do not have
any injurious eliect upon the skin, whether
the skin is in a healthy state 01 not.
In order that medicinal treatment may
do good in tho diseases of the skin without
doing harm
every case ;
l v w�� ���* Hv..wa. (
The symptoms may vary in intensity, but |
though in all forms the disease is trouble
am. ii nit- .--.in... man a.iirK,
some, it is rarely dangerous. It is readily
distinguished from other diseases, somewhat
resembling it, by the sudden disappearance
of the wheals, and by the fact that similar
wheals may be caused by rubbing the finger
briskly over the skin.
Urticaria, whether chronic or acute, requires a careful search for the source of the
irritation, for the treatment must depend
largely upon this. In severe cases help may
be obtained from the hot bath or flannels
wrung out in hot water, but there are
other remedies which thc doctor cau best
Bus -Bodies.
Tho Political Busy-body is a man born
with an innate perception of the moving
principle of all his actions ; viz., that whatever is is wrong. It matters not whether
thc sphero of those actions be the parish or
thc parliament, the club or the cabinet, the
body politic or the body corporate, or
whether the Busy-Body is whig, reformer,
radical, or conservative. To intermeddle
is his vocation ; to make the world better
than it is, the condition of his existence ; to
overturn, to destroy, and to change, an
" absolute necessity of his nature ;" and
ten to ono but at bottom revolution is not
unfr-qucntly uppermost in his thoughts.
The Politica Busy-Body knows but one
language, the language of craft ; speaking
to the passions, not the reason, of men. He
knows, too, but one rule of right; his own
inordinate self-conceit, which impels him,
on all occasions, and upon all subjects, to
substitute his own notions of what should
be, for what is. Former ages may have
produced great men���that is, men good
enough for thc times in which they lived���
and our forefathers may have conselled
wisely, or acted nobly, according to their
benighted conceptions of true wisdom and
exalted glory ; hut what are the mighty
thinkers and sagacious actors of antiquity,
compared with the Political Busy-Body of
the year 1892? Even as they themselves
are, mere dust in the balance I
Is there discontent! The Political Busy-
Body inflames it into rebellion. Is there a
part of the whole, whioh all men agree demands to be reformed ? The political Busy-
Body takes the part for the whole, and
would sweep away the good with the bad.
Does he live in a town, or a village, or
neighborhood, where tranquility and content have hitherto beon the presiding guardians of the place? No sooner does the
Political Busy-Body fix his abode there,
than families are divided ; friends arrayed
against eaoh other; the poor taught to complain ; the rich to interfere : the very women
to prate of rights and privileges ; while the
schoolmasters dare hardly Hog a turbulent
urchin unless he is prepared to show that
the law of birch is consonant to the law of
niture.   Tithes become robbery, extorted
.t must bc specialty choVeTfoi* Ifro":the hard frni,n8 of i"<hl3tr-/ ft0 Pam-
that is, in every instance lhe ! per luxurious churchmen; taKes are tyranny
patient must ho carefully studied, and his levied to supply the prorligate expendlure
nature, peculiarities, age, occupation, etc., i ? ��?rruP.t rulers' *��d submission toauthor-
duly considered. There is no one known I ",v ,8 "", lo,T the positive duty of a good
remedy that would prove serviceable in any l',tl/on' !'ut thf ^ ��� * ��' T,
number of cases) for in almost all of then j a,re f^JB ���-^T' *" t0�� crft,fl'ly '"'
there is something that would call for nodi-1 ,trwieli l" '��m lhelr ene,nlM an ailvalltag<!
floations in treatment.   Hence, as stated, I ^P/T? "'? re818 <��"���<������
-   ��� '    III nil'.0.1 s creatures the Political Busy-
Body is upon the best terms with himself
Far out at sea the birds utter wild cries
of alarm wiien the ocean begins to darken
and the wind to moan across  the expansive waste of waters, and  with all  thc.
spaed possible they Ily towards some point
of land to escape the danger.   The  few
which are caught in tlie storm, far from
the laud, make the wild screaming of the
storm more horrible by their piteous cries
and  excited  calls.   Washed  hither and
thither by the relentless storm, they fly
around in hopeless search for some harbor
of retreat.   .Should the light of some pass-
ing vessel or the flish light of a warning
lighthouse attract their attention, they are
lured on to a danger ftr greater than that
experienced from tho waves  and  winds.
Storms do not always warn the  birds in
time to permit them to reach the shore.
The terns, petrels, gulls, ducks, and othor
sea fowl may be far from shore skimming
over the water in graceful sweeps when a
coast storm suddenly comes out of the northwest.   At the first sign of such a change in
the weather tlio birds invariablg seek some
harbor of safety, but if the storm shuts them
out from'he coast they are forced to fly
around in flocks until accident leads them
to a retreat.   Sea fowl at such times Hock
together, and a lost company may number
thousands,   representing   a  heterogenous
collection of all the species of sea birds.
Such motley collections frequently dash
against  tho  lighthouse  of some  exposed
point, where hundreds are killed by thi! collision.   Ocoan steamers serve as an allurement for them, and they follow the light of
the vessel as a moth does the candle light.
If not attracted by any light, the birds fly
around until exhausted by their  exertions
or until  the storm abates.   During pro-
onged storms thousands of lost sea fowl
are destroyed upon the ocean through their
inability to reach land or to outride the
furious gales.   While a large proportion of
the flock would eventually succumb to the
fury of the wind and waves there are many
others that would show their marvellous
powers in outriding the storm.
To fly against a gale that is blowing at
the rate of forty of fifty miles an hour would
require bones of iron and muscles of steel,
and the lost birds very rarely succeed in
holding their own in such a storm, They
buffet with the gale bravely, circling around
and around to make headway against it, but
in time they are swept far out to sea. Tho
waves offer no resting place for them, and
they aro forced to trust entirely to their
wings for safety. After heavy storms of
several days the terns and petrels have
been found a thousand miles from tho
shoro, weak and almost dead from their exertions.
Others have been discovered floating on
the water dead, the black and blue patches
the ninth edition of the Encyclopedia Brit
annica estimates tho number of opium
smokers in China to be from one-fourth to
three-tenths of its population of four hundred millions. I have been studying this
matter during a forty-years residence in
this country, and I venture to disputs this
estimate. I judge that forty millions is a
moderate estimate of the number of habitual smokers. The number in lSoS was estimated at two millions. The present estimate
causes nearly every family to have the experience of the evils of the vice, in tho
wasting of the family property, the useless-
ness and misery and premature death of
some relative.
Miss Guineas, the daughter of the distinguished Rev. Dr. Guineas, of London,
draws a mournful picture of the influence
of the habit upon a single family of her
Chinese friends.
"During the week we were the guests in
one of the many grand houses inhabited by
the sixteen branches of this large family.
The dear, pleasant, white-haired lady, the
head of the clan, and mother of three sons,
the youngest of whom was our host, used to
come in by night, and pour out to me all
the sorrows that burdened her aged heart.
Tlicir family in other days had been very
noble and wealthy. Many far-famed Mandarins had gone forth from its shelter to
rule distant cities; and scholars of the
highest rank had brought homo their honors to lay on the shrines of its departed dead.
But now things wero strangely changed.
The young people were numerous, and alas,
the men had becomo slaves to tho terrible
opium pipe, and for its intoxication had
forgotten lame, and forsaken learning. Her
own three sons were married in their
teens and became opium smokers before
they were men. And now none of them
ever thought of doing anything but smoko
and sleep, and wako to smoko again.
The property was manigod entirely by
agents, aud was fast losing its value. By
degrees, as we talked to her of brighter
things, hope seemed to revive. ' If even
one of her sons should break off the opium
habit I' She begged us to do our best for
her favorite son. Her three daughters-in-
law were full of thc same problem���' Could
we help their husbands to break off opium
Bmoking ?'"
I can testify from my own observation
during forty-seven years' residence in Canton to the distressing accuracy of this picture. In 1844, the facilities for opium
smoking were not seen in any Chinese house.
Now the opium couch is seen in nearly every
well-furnished house.
But this opium vice is no longer restricted to China. Chinese emigrants have spread
it in Java, Borneo, Sumatra, and the other
The year 1851 was fhe last, as far,is record goes, that the dreaded pestilence of
cholera visited the western portion of Ontario. Early in July whispers began to
circulate in Gait that oases of cholera were
occurring in Hamilton, but as the newspapers there said nothing about such deaths
or characterized them as icsiilting from
dysentery, not much alarm was felt here.
About the middle of July, however, the disease was thoroughly established in tho oity
and au exodus of numbers of its citizens
took place, many of its residents leaving or
sending their families away for a time.
"Geordie" Sampson was a printer, ono of
the tramping printers of those days, work
three days and spend the earnings, not wisely hut too well," and poor Ucordic happened then to have mado Hamilton his headquarters. He stood the first stages of the
epidemic there pretty well, the favorite
remedy ami preventative was brandy, but
Eomchov or other two of his chums became
exposed to the infection and took the disease
and died, and this frightened Geordie, who
at once took to his tavorito means of locomotion and tramped to Gait, arriving hero
with tho most blood-curdling details of the
awful destruction tho disease was working
in the city under the mountain. Gait remembered 1832-3, and dreaded a return of
die disease, and for a time there was grave
uneasiness felt in all families here.
As the epidemic increased in Hamilton
the newspapers begun to pubil.sh daily statistics of cases and deaths, ami as August
slowly progressed it was pitiful toBee the
eagerness with which the Spectator would be
scanned on its arrival here by the stage to
seo if friends in the city were yet all right
or had succumbed to the disease. After a
short time intercourse with the city ceased,
so far as our people were concerned. The
stages did not run and all tho teams which
did the teaming up and down tho macadamized road were laid off. Thc Gait branch
of tho Great Western was building at that-
time, and the bed was constructed, but
the rails were only laid to a little past
Branchton. As the days passed goods began to be badly required in the town,and as
a last resort, " Davie" Connell volunteered
to go to Hamilton and bring up some loads
of goods for Messrs, Fraser k Warnock. He
did so, and brought back most pitiful talcs
from there and again the embargo was resumed. Kail laying on the railway was
progressing and soon Messrs. Osborno,
Spiers k Co. were enabled to got a car sent
up as far us the rails wero laid, the carstop-
ping at Potter's concession, where it was unloaded.
All this timo the town kept free of the
disease.   Cases were occurring at Dundas,
in every instance of disorder of the skin
that promises to prove obstinate, lot a physician be consulted as soon as possible.
Apropos of this, there is an ancient prejudice that in the treatment of skin diseases
great care must be used to prevent their
"strikiiu* in," the idea being that it is possible fo drive them to some vital organ.
This fear is absolutely groundless ; no harm
can possibly come from the disappearance
or cure of a skin eruption. So these troublesome and disfiguring affections may s.ilely
be speedily cured when possiblo.
stand every one's business be'ter than the
individuals   themselves.   But   he   never
swerves  from   his   fundamental  maxim,
" Whatever is, must be wrong"   That is a
point which admits of  no  dispute;  and
when he has succeeded in convincing others
of its truth, he leaves them to find out what j upon their temporary restless buoys.
is right.   In this respect he resembles the     Nearly all of the sea birds like to keep
atheist, who unsettles the principals of his ont to sea, and in the north of Ireland there
disciples,   robs them   of their happiness,  is an old rhyme currentwhich indicates that
takes from the  comfort  "more precious  the gulls only approach  tho shore when
on their bodies telling the terrible story of, tlle 8&|e in JmHa was ro9lll.jeted, but this is
strain and hopeless exertion. I hey fought all 0|ia,ng(!li noW- jn oriier to ,ierivc a rev.
bravely against the adverse elements, and | enue from ^ lhe ]���,,-������ Government is-
only sucenmue 1 after a long battle. In- Km ]kenm for tl]B sale ������,- oouaumption
coining vessels have brought solitary sea 0f the poisonous drug in vile places in all
fowl that would light upou the masts of tho the lartje cities, and these licentes aro
ships when completely exhausted after fight- ig8ue(1 with the provisu that tho holdcr
ing against the storms. This welcome place mnst sell a stipulated quantity, or pay a
of rest is secured despite all danger from j f01.,eit The 8Cene3 witlwsse,i *��� opillm
the passengers. dens in India exceed anything seen in'Jhina.
Floating spars and wrecks have been the T*ie victims work only to procure opium,
means of saving the lives of such lost birds. | Wife, children, homo, health, and life itself
They would float on them for hours or days ; atlast,are all sacrificed to this degrading ap-
nntil they became thoroughly rested from  pCtite.
their labors, and thon they would begin |    The opium producfon ill Bengal is prac-
titally a Government monopoly, and tho
area under cultivation in 1884 was 41)3,829
acres in Behar, and 412,625 acres in Benares. A*.*y one in these districts who chooses
may engage in the industry, hut the opium
islands of the "AVcYiipolagorantrintoli'rench | Jj^*?^^^0^^110^^'^���^^!^ ���"'^i"
Cambodia, Tonkin, and Siam.   Formerly
Md'by the aid of that intuitive faculty I their long journey toward some shore at the
which ho possesses, he is enabled to under-1 first favorable opportunity.   Their instinct
fully spared hero. With every reason to
dread a visitation, with but very imperfect
isolation and no moans of lighting the epidemic, still we kept clear. Every day or
two an alarm would be created from some
report which got currency, still the town
kopt healthy. One day a decided scare was
given. Mr. Jackson, a colored barber, who
carried on business on Main street, but
lived under the hill at the now eastern end
of North street, was taken ill and hy nightfall was dead. Dr. Richardson and other
mcdicalincu united in agreeing that death
resulted from true Asiatic cholera. Tho
poor fellow, who had been a great favorite
in the town, was hastily buried, and dread
and anxiety prevailed for the next few days.
No other cases occurred, however, and as
time went on confidence returned, and it
was disputed whether Jackson's death resulted from  the disease  or not.   As  tho
at such times is unerring, and they gener
ally make for thc nearest point of land, although it may be hundreds of miles away, ���.^_^_^^^^_^__^^_^^^^^^.^
and they are completely turned around.  It must behold exclusively to the Government di,ys weut ��" aml September was reached,
may bc, however, that they take their bear-  &���m[_   The Government sells the opium the intelligence from Hamilton became moro
ings from the sun while they are floating t��r t|lc foreign trade at auction, subject to a reassuring, and soon the city was declared
na."1��� ���"*-'���������""' h"�����            reserve price ; and, having a monopoly of frl'e of the <,i8CMe*   T1,e rwlway was, ��Pen*
the trade, it is able to secure its own prico ed from Gall a little after tho  middle of
from the shippers    To thoso who purchase A"K,lf't> but only for freight.   By the mid-
"icenscs for the sale of opium in India and dle of  September traffic  and intercourse
than rubies," and having rifled the casket
of their faith, gives them nothing, or worse
than nothing, in lieu of what he lias stolen.
It is held, however, by moralists, philosophers, and divines, that the Creator permits nothing to exist which has not its use, |
Acquired gout is usually one of the consequences of errors ami excesses of diet.
Those who eat too muoh meat and drink too
much wine are, as is weil known, very frequently the subjects of ihe disease. Bui.it
is by no means so well known that beer is a
prolific causo of gout. The fact is so, however. Dr, Frederick Roberts in " train's
Dictionary of Medicine," telis us that brewers' drayman are particularly subject to
gout. Malt liquors, Dr. Roberts considers,
stand next to wines as originators of gout.
Good whiskey and brandy, on the other
hand, are said to be much less mischievous
in this connection. Brewers'draymen, though
comparatively poor in  pocket, do not i*en-   _^^_^^^_^^^^^^^^__,     ,_^^^^^^Hmanvn ,    , .,
orally suffer from poor man's gout    On thc extinguished, what would become of society? lh.?"1 wl" get m beyond the reach of the
contrary, their gross and ponderous bodies   V,     , ,   Wi should die of w.''d ��*** ^ ll8 ll8&7 """' make TO.-*
are gorged with the products of their , wn f felicil     We sho .1.1 nol 1; ow d,ffiou' "*'��� '*"' mm ,"f t,ie*" trust to thoir
excesses Someofthem.it is said     rink as! the value of the thing    vepossess, nor feel Ie��?* Thoyrnnalong thesandor hi doin ho
muchastwotofourgallonsofbcerada . f preserving them, but for rocks, lhe terns and gulls will occasionally
AlfredGarrord.aoompetentauthority.stal nd cal Buiy-Bodieswhol?���"��� ��utnv.er.the waves to fish for food,
thatleadtaken into the system is i p "above all, wt should | but thoy soon find that the work is unprotit-
cause of gout.   No less than 30 pel ol beneath the weight ol in over-
Dr, Garrord's hospital patients iwi rown pop   ������' on; for il is the Political
gouty  seizures  to working among lead    Bus; Bodiesofe* clu :-    ip wars
Many of these were probably physiolo -n md do Btic ; whoemoroil itates;
ly poor, poor in blood and tissui ; indtl       ��� i   :!     ol     ivil   strife;   nui o
would, no doubt, suffer from what        mlar-   treasons; instigate editions; and provok
ly called poor man's gout,    Butchers ind l       Irenchingv   ilecountries
narmen, coalhea vers and painters, and others'
riven in by a storm or by the warnings of
a heavy gale, thc couplet reads;
Sea gull, sea gull, sit on tho sand ;
It's never line weather when you como to
W hen the storm approaches tho long,
though our purblind faculties cannot afwlys |s**!*rP whistling of the curlews, the wild
discern the proof. The Political Busy-Body crlcs ot th�� !ielv2'llla- a,)(1 the sharp, piercing
has I is uso, Wore there no poisons, human , ?cre*V**! "f ',!e terns a'""����";<!, tllat ;Ia��ge1, |
science would never have discovered ami- 18at ?and' U'3 sea grows restless and chop-
dotes, Weie there no vice in the world, ;''v' An occasional puff of wind will moan
we should be without the example of illus- aoro.88then,w*-,*8r,am forcc w"lccaPs ��','�� \
trious virtues by which it is controlled and ! ".,ot""1' 'he bl���3 th��� assemble along the
counteracted, It is not for us to inquire
_��� od and evil are thus placed, as it
were, in necessary collision with each other.
lli ������ ' ;������ ������������... with the world itself, if,
then, the rice ol Political Busy-Bodies were
��� '���   pushed, what woul'   iccotne of society?
| motion. The birds th ^^^^^^^^^^^
! shore, some seeking for their food among
the rooks half a milo out, while other,? will
run along the beach or go to tho inland
As the fury of the storm increases all of
who have to do with lead, are all lin
thc disease.
Uri aria or nettle-rash is
common ailment, It is characterized
sudden appearance of ronnde I or linear ele
vations oi too skin, whioh are ter ne I
wheals, They are of varying length and
figure. Their color is generally white, contrasting with a crimson ground. A singular
fact about them is that, ordinarily, liej
disappear as suddenly as they come, and
leave no traeo behind. Ibo.,,. ear, they are
apt to reappear in other parts of the body,
especially at. night, and greatly to interfere
with sleep, as they are attended wuh I,timing and itching.
This tendency to reappear may Oontinue
for several days.   Soma cases assume a
ohronic from, and may last for months and
even yearn,
Tho disease seems to be due lo i peculiar
disturbance of the nervous system. Thn
irritant may he some troublesome arliole of
diet, suoh as shell fish; or certain drugs;
oragonordl dyspoptio condition ; or somo
ailmontlike eczemacr ."'aloes that glvos
rise to scratching; the stings and biles of
insects, or the slinging hairs of plants. Sir
Erasmus Wilson says of some cases i
" The nervous sonslbility of lhe skin is
BO acuta tlmt wheals  maybe  produced by I
���.rl gorg,
icean with the slain in na
oonflii is,        es fi    inj  gallov    wil
n .    i ile   wreti hes   wh i   reduce   their
theoi     to prai tice ; sn I      is by a   in
pei irocess, a plishing n n
��������� ei Mall       md th ��� ��hole l    ie ol  , il
tical economist     i implish
������     .      ���        .-    ng of popula
to the  level of   tho no ina ol    ubsi
One word iii   i ole lua on,   Sh il
bw human nature in i
ro linee  ��� ii :
motto   of   every   Politics .,
���t ie ii   he labors  vain ; to     ip ������ ���   the
world, or finds,   lik��� all gri il toi
to it, its base ii le, 'J       are the*
P I I   ���    .0 :    ��� I ���   I.    ; I   , 'I J, I
jpito !
That over f wa to
The Most Unique Oity in the World-
In one. respect, at ten it, (j iltn, tl
of Kctiador, i< 'li" mo it iio.ooe ���.,��� a In ;.|,���
world, I' tod in botl tiienoi tncrnand
southern hemispheres, n distim tion claimed
by no other place of importance on the idol,,,.
In ono pai ��� oi i o city the summoi ������ i i m
does battle wiih old winter, wit i
across tho street. Thc season , as u is
names aro concerned, change aim isl instantly ; but, a the temperature '��� rem irka ily
even, th" io enriotispolnlsaro seldom thought
of by the 50,000 | oople wh tUa Quito
Uiur homo,
able. ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
When the storm has subsided the coasts
are great objects of interest to the sportsman. Rveryspecleso? seafowl is to be found
Bomewhere along all the beaches or inland
marshes. They do not return lo the wide
���f. for a day or twa alter the storm has
abated, ami thou thoy are driven thereby
the hunter's gun.
Bow to Drill a Otuld Whoufi Hhoulders
!. -' i.n i, fi el together, weigh: over lhe
centi i of ,��� icli loot, hands al sol".   Kaise
.   I   i    io   level  wiih shoulders,
taking ������ deep breath at the same tune;
���..'   exhaling,
lisoarm leovei fioail, inhaling;
lower armi i   h ding,   Soo thai neither tho
hi id in   thi abdomen ho pushed forward,
3.1       ariusal olh iws, hands in rronl of
;h!   II lar si,I,-wise  as  pos,
iso to  ido ; i "tend upward,
palms in, ,. -.     irried baok and strotcliin t
pa    i u   i m f. -    do.   Avoid   tondoiioy
menl oned i       md oxerciai
; imo as infl I. tend li md I l-i lighl
oul at sidi, ling 11 loadiug
ii ,'i    lv-1' ml fi .nl. down
wo I and  hai -. ol il,'- hips
6, Bend iirms at elbows, lifl il lowl ��� Lo
horizontal, olbon i di iwu well backyvard,
palm do -. u    md hand on i    raighl
lino ; ng fore inns out and hack till on a
lino ',' ith upper arm lu, p oho it woll e*i
pandod, This throws tlio cheat out,
presBi tho i lonlder hi ides do i n, and
iiorrnols tho ti n loin v lo round Bhoiihli i i
Those oj on I '-i,- lm ilo, Uei [thon and
develop ih,- muscles do igi od hy n itnro to
hold ilo- l,oily iu an nrool posltiou, Bepoal
oaoli oxerolseseveral times,
Bnrniah it is supplied by the Government,
subject to prescribed regulations.
It is thus manifest that the Indian Government has absolute control of the whole
opium production of India, and of its export to other countries. It can, in tho oxer-
cise of its power, forbid its growth in British territory.and by its imperial jurisdiction
overthc protected States, it can enforce tho
prohibition of its production in them. It is
simply a question uf finance. It is narrow-
0,1 down to this point: Will the Indian
Governmentceasedcriving revenue by growing opium to sell to its own subjects in
India and Btirmah, and to supply the vitiated appetite of tho victims of the opium vice
in China?
Tiie moral sentiment of the world up,
proves of the action of thc British parliament in condemning the opium traffic as
immoral, and in recommending its cessation.
The collection of revenue hy tho British
Government from the licence of dens for the
sale of opium to its own subjects is a yet
greater outrage upon tho moral sentiments
of mankind. Tho moral convictions of tho
world sustain and encourage the anti-opium
reformers in their continued efforts ami
labors for the arrest of the opium plague in
Asia, and may God sustain tnom until their
work is crowned with entire and complete
Supposed Changes on ths Moou.
Everybody who has ever looked iit the
moon with a telescope knows that it is a
wonderful world of extinct volcanoes. Wo
have upon the earth no craters to be compared with the giants of the moon, some of
which are fifty or sixty miles in diamelcr.
The moon's voloanoes arc extinct, yvo say,
and yot Professor W. II. Pickering raises
tho question whether, after all, thovoloauio
activity of the moon is entirely dead,
In the magnificently oloar air at Aroqnlpi,
in Porn, Profossor Pickering and Ilis assistants aro able to study the moon with very
high magnifying powers,and they liovenotio-
e i apparent variations iu some of Ils smaller
volcanic features which have given rise to
lie- dollbtJUSI expressed.
It is nol meant that these obiervers havo
teen changes actually taking place upon iho
moon, bul thai they have discovered small
craters, apparently unnoticed by other as-
tronoinors, and have been unable lo find
other irulers whioh previous obsorvors
havo dosorlbod and mapped, They also
noted apparent alterations in the size and
��ppi,,lain-e oi somo small luuar orators,
     .^.     .
A Fatal Olime.
More men have died and are buried in
tho biTuuiiso! I1 n an,a, along tile line of
[l" | ft posed canal, than on any crjuul
amount of torritory in tho world,
were us usual, only the vast trado from all
the north country to Lako Huron poured
into Gait to take the railway on its way
cast1 ard, and for a littlo over a year, until
the Gait and Guelph railway was built, tho
town enjoyed a trade boom which was
Thc cholera scaro of 1S54 was bad enough,
though we fortunately escaped. Never since
has any particular apprehension been felt of
a visitation.
The Oit-arotte Evil.
Considering what very poor things cigarettes are, it is surprising that they should
have got such a hold on the community.
But, bad as they are, they are extremely
fascinating. The use of them, when curried
to excess, bocomesahabit that is most difficult to break, while they are so cheap and
bo convenient that it takes exceptional dis-
retion to smoke them at all without smoking them to a deleterious extont. Of courso
it is primarily becauso they aro so cheap
that thoy appeal so generally to boys ; but
even with boys, who ought not to ba allowed to smoke at all, it is not so much the tobacco in the cigarette that does the mischief as the pestilent and insinuating practice of inhaling the Binoke. An ordinary
hoy of yvholesome appetites won't smoko
cigars or pipe tobacco enough to do him
serious damage, even if he can get tlicin.
Nor would liio cigarettes ho might smoke
be to serious a menaco to his welfare il ho
could only smoke lliein us he would smoko
cigars. Tho trouble is that as soon as ho
gets used to cigarette smoking he begins to
inhale lhe smoke, ami presently is fixed iu
a habit that plays the misehief with him.
Whether anything besides tobacco goes
Into ordinary cigarettes is a much-discussed
question. The effect they sometimes produce on tho brain is so different from that
duo to tobacco in othor forms as to favor
the theory that many of them contain opium
or valerian; but this tho manufacturers deny,
usually asserting that such drugs are too
expulsive to put into cheap cigarettes, even
if it helped their marketable qualities,
One thing besides the tobacco obviously
goes into them, nnd that is the papor, tlio
fumes of which are doubtless bad for tho
throat mid lungs us far as th"v no.
Heat Stored iu Lakea.
The extent of thc influence a lake may
exorcise upon olimate is illustrated by tno
statement of M. Forel that the quantity of
heat accumulated by l.'iito Loman during
the summer is equivalent to that which
would be ciyen out by the burning of ,*ilr.
000,000 tons of coal. A railroad train '���ai.\
ryiug this coal would be Is,(j(i0 kilometre!
long or nearly the length of the carth'l
meridian from pole to pole. 'i
j.va a A/,ijwuiiatc,uu   'tu.no;-
Tho summer winds Is snlffin' round Uiebloomin
locus' trees,
And tho clover in tho posturis a hi? day for
tho bees,
And they've he-n a-swiggin' honry above hoard
and on tho sly.
Till they stutter iu their buzzin'and stagger as
tbey fly,
Thcy's been a heap o' rain, but the sun's out
And the cloud's of lhe wot spoil Is all cleared
And the woods Is all the greener and thc grass
is greener still.
It may rain again tomorry, but I don't think it
Sonic say the crops are ruined and tho corn's
drowned out,
And prophesy lbe wheat will be a failure without doubt.
Hut the kind I'rovidenee that has never failed
Will boon hand onc't more at the'levcnth hour,
I bet!
Docs lho meadow lark complain as ho swims
high and dry
Through the waves of the wind and the bale of
the any!
Docs the quail set up and whistle in a disappointed way.
Er hang his head in silence and sorrow all the
day I
Is the chipmunk's health a failure! Hoes ho
walk or does he run I
Don't the blizzards ooze around up there just
like they've alius done?
Is thero anything the matter with the rooster's
lungs or voice?
Ort a mortal bo complainln' when dumb animal's rejoice ?
Then Ictus, one and all, be contented with our
Tho,Mine is here this morning and the sun is
shining hot.
Oli, let us llll our hearts with thc glory of thc
And banish cv'ry doubt and care and sorrow
far a'.Vay!
Whatever bo our station, with Providence for
a guide.
Such fine circumstances ort to make us satisfied.
For tho world is full of roses and rosos full of
And the duo is full of hcavonly lovo that drips
for mo and you
in      men doubtless you have heard i this must be the rival who stood in his old
of Merrick���the famous Albeit Merrick��� . comrade Guido's way.   He did not think
  ������,..���. as
Von wish to consult hip ?" I this ; for he had never speculated on women
I hear you're fresh from Paris. I haven't j except as coses.   Indeed, that a girl should
so maybe   take the richer bidder was, no doubt, only
01 lusariuK���we iamouB Allien Merrick��� , comrade Uuidos way. He did not tl
who has bathed your whole precious faculty ' what sort of a girl she must bo who w<
tor years.'   I'm he." throw over her lover for such a husbane
been in PariB for a long whii
they've found out something or othcr since
my time. 1 never heard speak of you till
last night, so I suppose you aren't much to
speak of; but you're another doctor, and
that's enough for inc. Look here ! I tell you
what I tell every doctor I see: I've got au
income of a hundred and seventy thousand
francs a year, and I'll givo five-and-twenty
thousand, money down, to tho doctor who'll
cure ine of this���cold. A pretty good fee���
"I hope you don't think," said Dr.
Calo, " that a physician can do for twenty-
live thousand francs what he cannot do
"Gammon ! Don't tell me that the doc-
tors will leave a millionare with the measles
for a coal-heaver with a cholera. Do you '
tliink I'd go to them if they were a pack of
fools? r'or twenty-five thousand francs I
feel safe that the bet ot them tries his
very best, I've figured it all out, and based
my reckoning on a careful estimate of the
highest professional income, I've reckoned
that less mightn't be enough, but that
more would be wasted. That's business;
and u man that gives less or more than he
need for what he wants is a fool."
"Pig!" the doctor would have exclaimed, had he spoken his thought aloud.
It was true he wanted money badly; but he
was far too much of a physician by nature
to measure his interest in a case by its possible profits; though Merrick did not think
so, he would really throw over a dozen em- .
perors for a coal-heaver, if the coal-heuver's
case promised li ini more to loarn.   He had j
natural���more fools men to bid for them,
when there were so many much more interesting things in the world. But he did
think it monstrous that Guido should be cut
out by one with whom he could not have
even the satisfaction of lighting.
" I'm hanged if you shall be cured 1" he
thought to himself, forgetting lor once the
obligation of his profession to restore to the
world for a few more yearB of wickedness
even one who deserved nothing better than
hanging. "I wouldn't do Guido such au
ill turn for ten times the money." However, he sot to work upon his examination
with stethoscope and thermometer, asking
a few pointed questions the while, until at
"Well?" asied Mr. Merrick. "How
long will it be beforo I'm cured?"
But Dr. Calo remained portentously
silent and grave. He was once more only
the physician, wholly wrapped up iu his
case, and that case a bud one.
"Signor," he said at last, "it is my duty
to toll you that you are very, very ill.
There is nolhing puzzling in your case. I
only wish if were not so plain. Well I am
speaking, no doubt, to a man of courage.
Wo must all die, a little sooner or a littlo
later; what does it, matter when I It is true
there are things one would not like to leave
undone, so long as thero is a chance of doing
them. The discovery of the true theory of
phthisis, for example ; but that happily is
not the case with you.   Al:
There was a good deal of ilightiness about
Doctor Cain, But anybody who judged him
by his mere maimer would find himself considerably mistaken. The Parisian professors
would have told you that they knew of no
keener and cooler brain than the yonng
Italian physician's; of no rising man from
whom they expected greater things. It i9
true that his fellow students had, from the
first, styled him " The Madman," and had
collected, or invented, any number of anecdotes to justify the title; and it is also true
that one exceedingly shrewd old physician
had once said : " Calo '! the best brain in
France but I'd sooner trust myself alone
with a tiger than with Calo. A man without a heart is madder than a man without
a brain. Look at his eyes." But he never
Baid anythiug more ; and it was not such an
easy thing to look steadily at Dr. Calo's
eyes And long before he was out of his
studentship his nickname had becomo a title
of honor, and then forgotten.
Of course such a man was destined to be
a specialist by nature; and gradually he
directed his studies more and more upon the
breathing-appaiatus of man and other
animals, until they exercised upon him the
born specialist's fascination. He had not
really exaggerated one whit when he do-
scribed to Guido his idea of the earthly
paradise as living in a great hospital for
consumption, where he might carry on endless researches into phthisis in all its forms,
with stethoscope, microscope,and dissecting-
knife, and with occasional experiments of
that darker kind which modem science, like
ancient magic, prefers to conceal from the
light of day. And as lie proceeded In his
investigation of dead and living nature,
more and moro convinced he grew that so-
called consumption is due to a single cause,
whether germ or not, and that to discover
the cause would be to discover the cure.
And with this belief grew the ambition to be
the man by whom the mutually dependent
cause and cure were to be found.
Nevertheless, into practice he had not
even yet begun to fall. He had, in one
way and another, some thousands of patients, and yet had never received a fee.
No doubt he did not go the right way to
attract patients to come to him; but the
Same old professor who had made that solitary criticism on his sanity was fond of saying that a physician who would prosper
must bear in mind that even the most inter-
estiug of patients is a!ter all, a fellow-
creature, and nover goes tyvice to the practitioner who thinks of nothing but curing
him ; which also may have had something to
do with the matter. Savcrio Calo-as a
fellow-student more flippantly and brutally
put it--gave a patient an idea that he would
rather prefer, on tho whole, not to cure him
so that he might have another opportunity
of looking inside for the cause. In any ease,
things began to be serious; they seemed to
threaten a phthisis or atrophy of the purse,
in which the most microscopic investigation
would be unable to discover a centime,
Therefore had the doctor come on a visit
to his native place, not for a holiday, which
he abhorred, nor out of homesickness,
which he never felt, but simply to see if
among the Calo family which is extensive
and complicated in those parts, there might
be some fractional Inheritance wailing to be
claimed. And therefore, also, he had nm
been sorry to fall across a briefless advocate
almost at, his first arrival, who might be
glad to lake a case cheaply. For, as mostly
happens, his enthusiasm in one direotion
yvas balanced by corresponding piudenc: in
most others.
aiecing that " f.a Traviata," the only
opera for which ho cared, was set down for
performance, ho spent his evening at the
theatre ; and then, after the very tew hours'
sleep which ho had trained himself to find
enough, a long swim in I he sea, and alouugf
in thssunshine, he began to think of a round
of visits to his relations, in the hope of healing something that he might turn to hi>
advantage, And he was engaged iu putting
the last touches to such a toilet as might
become a physician from Paris, and arrang-
ii [( degrees of long-forgotten couslnshlp lu
Ills mind to whistled scraps of last night',
niusie, when���
"Dr. C'ttlo ?" said a voice that seemed It
como from sonic cousin twenty limes reim
cd lit tlio very least, so feeble it sound,,I
and 80 far away,
"I am Dr. SavorioCttlot" ho answorod,
Instinctively stiHbning Into an oxtru pn
le- ioimiI air al lhe eni.iei'ite.l  figure whirl
couldi aally havoonteiod through tho uioresl
chink of the door.
thing to die in the knowledge that it is the
i very best thing one can do both for one's
lalf a mind to at once astonish his patient self and for one's friends.   Yes: it is my
md vindicate the honor of ids profession by j only duty to suggest that you become rec-
eoldly undertaking the case for nothing; but; on-filed to your relations, and to settle your
the other hall" of his mind was wiser, and he I affaii-s ; and���to lose no lime."
did not tell Mr. Merrick that health is one I    " What I" cried Mr. Merrick, trying to , vears
of the only two things which money cannot j start to his feet, but immediately sinking  '
buy.                                                         I back into  his  chair, where he crouched
'Tou see it's really important I should, and shivered.   "You mean that lam go-
get well," said Mr. .Merrick, sinking into a ; j,,g to It is monstrous; it is infamv !
chair. "It's not as if I was some poor devil i Look here," he whined, "I'll make it double
who doesn't matter whether he lives or dies. | the money���there!���every penny of fifty
I've got seven thousand a year-pounds j thousand francs���if you'll give mc a chance
sterling! and how can a man get the good j 0f a cure. I'm not fit; I'm not ready ; and
out of his money'unless he's well?   It isn't, i those cousins of mine will get it all." ,manner in whkb the*v are m    - d ������*,;;
I ellyou, doctor, shard There s such if he had, he would nodonget have used it, leaders who have carried into effect the
a lo of good   could do    I could go into for tho creature made him feel brutal. j v.ishea of Ule       ������ and ,,      ht Manitoba
th best society;   could keep a collar nt for     �� Signor, 'said he, " not your whole for- j to ,,,��� {mH J    ' -    ,�� d
a duke; I could have my whack and my - tune would buy you one more of the few But as the vear, in round is (his anlril
fling; and I might double my capital all the day, still left yV I would cure you if I \ of2" ^tTk I t ��sSidtat Ar The
while, for I m one that knows how to make j co���ld, but you are past euring.   I would inhabitants of the province not likely to
'""""��"      "  give you hope if I could ; but there can be gradually develop into a quiet easy-going
no hope, because there is no doubt.   Asiin-i.i----.--o..     F ..       -.       ��� -  -
ACounlry With a Futiir' B.ii'hii.c the III
hiililliinls Krllovr in II.
The Manilohan ni Winnipeg, in its September issue hud the following:���Wilhin the
lastlwoyears Manitoba, by the enactment of
such laws as Tho Public Schools Act, and
by its strong prohibition sentiment expressed in the vote on the plebieite, has suddenly attained the exalte.! position as leader of
thought among the Canadian Provinces. As
yet that thought has been confined to the
framing of what may be called Domestic
Legislation, or legislation relating to the
homes of the people ; but from domestic
legislation it is bound to spread to other
fields of thought nnd action. The questions
naturally arise, How are we to account for
j this sudden exaltation ? What causes led to
ils attainment, ami is it a natural position
for the province to occupy ?
The  population   of   Manitoba  cmsists
largely  of the  restless  young spirits  of
other    lands,   more    especially    of   the
older provinces.   The vast majority of the
inhabitants  being young  men  who have
conic here from a desire to advance their
position  in life, but  a   great many   of
whom  ha.c come simply from  a love of
change and a fondness for speculation. This
spirit of fondness for change and novelty
has di (fused itself  throughout the entire
population and  penetrated every walk of
life.   The business man who has been in
business live or aix years becomes restless
for a change   of occupation and location ;
the mechanic who has been employed for a
year or two in one  place  desires to move
to some new sphere of operation ; the teach-
it is a -'rent ( cl. yvho conliuues to teach for over two years
is a rare specimen of the knight of the
rod; while the preacher yyho in the cast
would spend a life  time with one (lock
without   cither   Hock   or  pastor  becoming desirous of a change, here seeks fresh
| fields and pastures new at least every four
and the Hocks   rarely  raises  any
serious objections to the change ; even the
farmers, who would bo expected to settle
down and become attached to one locality
as they do in other lands, are here given to
roam.   This innate desire for novelty has
led the youthful population of the prairie
province to  desire to manage the  public
affairs of the country differently to the
���look at me, and say if it isn't hard I"
Dr. Calo did look at him, and  sharply,
but he did not say.
Mr. Merrick's husliiness had become a
pier and plainer case was never seen.
For some time Mr. Merrick remained
��� I silent, while Dr. Calo mentally grumbled
whine. " And then there's a pack of wretch- , ngiinst (ate tor having, after so much bril-
es, poor relatiouB,withouta hundred pounds jliant promise, sent him a case so utterly
.. unint-rest-
minutes be-
_^^___    ��� to himself
you know j rather than to the doctor '
Why, would you believe it? j    "Then it must be done at once,
what I mean
���there's a cousin of mine, a poor  devil  of! snan
a curate, that had the face to write to me  than
the other day for a loan of five pounds, be-; Irene at
cause his wife  was ill,  ami he'd got a  m snap my fi'ngera at 'email." !
and a loir' 1iM ��f StUl1 ^ \ W��U " W1'at' W* *"��� ����** '" �����d the doc
fil T i ��� 7.VVere "���*.,W�� 'if '? lor' carrie<l 0,ltof himself with disgust and
hug and, and as if if there was, they'd look ; amazement. " You, on the edge? of the
tor flesh on a curates bones !" 'grave?"
" It was fortunate for the poor man to ;    " \A t w:ii    y.��� ���.--���_ .. ;f _��� ....
ave so rich a cousin," said fir.Calo, for ^J���, ��   ft7us7   S
the sake of saying something while ho used j to lmdo my fool of , f^r's ���j ��[
j class of toilers of the soil, satisfied with
I following the thought of the outside world
instead of leading it? We must expect
this restlessness to decrease as tho mass of
the population gets more older heads imbued with ideas of conservativeism amongst
it. Besides it is a well established fact
in Ethnology that man, in every
stage of civilization and in every
, quarter of the globe, is influenced by
They I |,j3 geographical surroundings. In a level
-���-'���* "��� "   "'*"    '��� ince of ours, the
 j   ma   geugrapiucai surroutKll
n't have it, that's flat-not a penny more plftjn |j'ie t his prairie provi
n    I   can  prevent   'em.   I'll   marry  |,ari*y  and daring mountaineer, with his
��������>'once; and then, whatever happens,  strong imaginative powers and superstition
ma. fi,.a,����� .t t��� ��   " j tajn|e(l religion, would be an anomaly.   In
j this northern plain we would naturally expect to find the grave northener tamed and
subdued to a monotonous level of thought
An Army i.uanl. Ihe I'.ill.vny.
When the Czar travels in Russia the pre-
.'tuitions taken for his safety could not be
.neater if he were in an enemy's cjunlry.
A battalion of infantry is detailed for
every two miles of distance, and allowing
',00 men as the effective foree of each battalion, every spot uf ground on both sides
of the track is covered by sentinels within
easy distance of each other. The C/.ar is
suddenly whirled off to the station accompanied by the chosen tr.'elve of his body
guard without pomp or circumstance, swiftly and silently. The Czar always travels
in a train of five carriages. His carriage is
built in a peculiar style.
The windows, while ample for light, are
high, so that a person sitting down is invisible from the outside, and the sides of the
car are fortified with plates concealed in the
ornamental woodwork, but strong enough
to resist a bullet.
There are two sentry boxes in the carriage, one at each end, and each looking
out at an opposite side from the other. The
guardsmen on duty in these apartments are
shut in from any observation of the interior
of the carriage, but at intervals of about
two feet, the whole length of the saloon,
are electric buttonsoommunicatins wiih the
guard chambers, its well ae with the two
carriages, one containing the suite and the
other, in the rear, occupied by the guardsmen not on duly.
Solar, therefore as the train itself is concerned, the Czar could be uo more secure ia
St. Petersburg,
The train speeds on to its destination,
without a halt, except on account of accident, At a distance of not less than five
miles ahead is a pioneer train, in which the
Imperial Director of Railways and the engineer of the particular railway ou which
the Czar is travelling always ride. As the
pilot train whizzes by, the reserves along the
line rush to arms and guard the sides of the
railway, waiting until the Imperial train
has passed, so that the spectacle is present
of continuous lines of soldiery for hundreds
of miles. Arrived at the end of his journey,
the Czar is escorted to the quarters intended
for the Imperial family.
The streets arc guarded by special constables in the attire of citizms. Every
property owner has been called upon to supply one or more of these men at his own
expense to do duty when tbe
makes a  public  appearance.
The constables average one in ten of the
crowd that throngs the streets, and being
iu ordinary dress they can mingle with the
people, note what is said, ��nd, perhaps, do
something that will obtain them regular
employment among the secret police.
With one-tenth of the population engaged
as spies upon the remainder, with troops
enouc.li concentrated to stand a formidable
siege, and his faithful guardsmen dogging
every step, the Czar goes through the lorms
of a visit to the ancient capital of Russia or
whatever city he may choose to honour.
The Paper Age-
The world has seen its iron age and its
brazen age, but this is the age of paper,
says the Paper Record. We are making so
many things of paper that it will soon be
true that without paper there is nothing
made. Wc live in paper houses, wear paper
clothing, and sit on paper cushions in paper
 '" ' If we lived
his eyes, ^Baaaaaa^MBBI
" Wasn't it! If he hadn't, he wouldn't
have had the lesson I sent him on thc wickedness of giving to beggars���political economy, you know ; pauperizes the population���and the other wickedness of one
pauper marrying another, and keeping
up the breed. He's wiser now. Ho won't
try the begging-letter dodge again. My
father, who was just the biggest old fojl
that ever lived, made a fool of a will, so
that if anything was to happen to tne, and
Iliad no ohildren, all my money go.s
among my cousins���as if it wasn't against
justice that a man can't do what he likes
,     ���     ,    ., ii-   , I cars rolnig on paper wheels.   If w,
and action hy the monotony of his physical i ���   ���        b      *",5 .     o    i    i~
'nn   a. .        iai   iti     i m Hereen we could go on Sunday to a paper
environment,   lie flatness of the laud does  ..  -1?   \r��� j��� ������,������.. i,,,.;.,.,,.* ���,.,..!.   ���..
-   - yy e do a paper business over paper
not afford any opportunity for the devclop-
mentof lhe imaginative faculty andof superstitious faith, such as are found in the rugged mountain regions. And as inventiveness is a direct result of imaginative power,
I we can never hope to remain a progressive
I was' people as wc advance in years, unless some
" And he'll do it, too," thought tho doctor, as the doomed man fell into silence
again, till���
" Doctor," said he once more, ���  ^^^^^^^^^^^
once told that people had  been brought other causes can be found which tend to
back from the grave by yvater-cresses.   Do | counteract the effects of the level nature of
you think there might be any chance of its i the land,
being true?" This country does not possess the luxur-
"Certainly not. Who ever told you such \ iant and varied natural growth incident to
*IE'''" ' tlie tropics and which tends to make the
inhabitants of those regions idle and leth-
rubbish  _^^^^__
" Well, it was only an old woman,
argic. These plants which as food for man
and beast are cultivated with labor, for,
although the region is frigid, still "in the
sweat of our brows we have to eat our
"So I should suppose."
I    " But sometimes those old women do say
with hia own, married or single, dead or uncommonly curious things.   And if it's  8WeftD
alive I So eyen if there wasn't my own en- the only chance left, I might try it. Would bread" and as a result activity and physica
joyme.it to think ot, all wasting away in it ,1��� any harm !" I strength is a prime necessity for the in-
the prime of life, theres all those male and j "As much harm as good ; neither less habitants of the land. The clear, dry in-
female paupers  to  disappoint and sell, as ���or more.   But "   All at once a bril- j vigorating atmosphere alsi tends to pro-
they deserve. Wou dnt you like to sec liant thought flashed into the doctor's ,*������, ft h���(,yn.nl, active spirit, and with
their laces when they find I ve got a son mi���d. " You're quite light.���it won't do j bodily activity and strength, mental activ-
and heir-en . j an atom of harm ; and if somo other old : jty ftml vigor will come as a  matter of
Dr. Calo's own face could not help show- j woman tells you something else, try that, j course and must havo free exercise.
ing some of his disgust at the spite, malice, j too,   And, by tho way,   there are famous |   Separated as they are from their eastern
and atupid yet self-conceited selfishness dis- cresses at, a place called San Giovc.   Only j fellow citizens by long stretches of iinin-
played  iu  every  tone and grin  of this if you think of going there, go at once;   habited wilderness, and from their western
the disgust was, for there's no timo to lose, yynatevor you compatriots by almost impenetrable mourn
| tain barriers, the Canadian dwellers of tho
wretched skeleton
thrown away. �����^^^������
" And 1 mean to sec 'em, too," said .Mr.
Merrick, smirking and chuckling as well as
" I'lienyou think "
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^            'Ithink itisacoiiicideiicotliatyoushoiild
his hollow cough would allow.    "I'm going have thought of water-crossca, just when
to bc married as soon as I'm well, and then you are within a day's journey of the finest
some day I shall give a family party.   I and most plentiful in all Italy.   And  as to
shall ask my relations ton feed���won't they old women���there's no knowing, after all.
open  their eyes!���and they'll find its a Yes, go to San (liove, and stay there ; order
christening.   I shall hive married secretly j a post-chaise, and go now."
you know ; the Iirst they know of it will bo
the sight of the son and heir."
" What I" oxolaimed Dr, Calo at last,
aloud.   " Marry���you/"
" Why do you speak as if that were anything nut ol the way? To be sure. Anil
too old':"
"a\'o; but "
"Am I ugly?"
"Oh, signor! Ugly is very far indeed
from being the word !  Hut ���"
"Disagreeable? A man who cannot be
loved for himself alone? Why, if I wero
a1! that, haven't I seven thousand a year?
Hut, as you say, I'm no fool. I'm going
to many lor love, I am -love on both
sides. A girl that I cau marry here on
the quiet, so that my little joke won't be
spoiled ; a foreigner, with no friends or
relations to bother one, only t sot of a
father, who'll bo no trouble ; a girl of humble rank, who'll look up to me, and won't
have extravagant ways; and, last and best, |
the prettiest young creature in the world,
who adores thc very ground I stand ou.
I declaro to you, doctor, she. has such a
passion for me that she'd have mo without
i penny. What do you say to that, doctor
-oh ?"
Dr. Calo had never come across a patient who Inspired him with such utter
oathlng, Mi. Morriclt had been odious
lioilgh while boasting of his purse, and
if his in.'.!: '��� and meanness, but this lait
ig  wis thc most repulsive of nil.   The
very Idea of a young and pretty girl, whoever she was, selling hcrscll lo this creature
oh' tiie doctor icel positively i uinan with
Aud-now bt taunt '.u think o' it~surely
And Irene   ^^^^^^^^^^^^^
" The girl I'm going to marry���"
"Ifyou think of Irenes before water-
cresses, I've nothing to say. If you like to
commit Biiicido, that's no affair of initio."
" Is it us bad aa that?"
"Just so bad, Here's your ono chance ;
and there you sii, thinking how you can
throw it away."
" iVo, doctor.   I'm  not a fool
up and go."
Dr. Calo sighed with relief as ho heard
his detestable patlont coughing his way
"Wafer-cresses! What an idea to
bring back to life a man wiio iu three
weeks will be in his grave.   Hut Burl's rid
of him, and that's a blessing.   Tho brute,    - ,	
to bo ohoattng mo into interest in a common, j turn desk waitln
I plains arc to a certain extent isolated from
��� the densely populated regions of older Canada ; consequently the ideas common to the
��� other provinces will not readily diffuse
amongst the mass of the prairie population.
The only outside influence likely to operate
iu the original thought of Munitobans is
that of our neighbors to tho south, hut even
that is, to a certain extent, precluded by
the restrictive trade relations existing between the two countries, owing to the high
protective lurilTs imposed on both sides of
tho line.
Heing thus isolated from all oul.-si.le
centres of population, the vigorous, buoyant, mental activity of the pooplo of this
province is compelled to find an outlet in
| its own originality, and na there is not like-
III pack | |y to be any change in its physical relationship in the near future, Manitoba is bound
to keep ilslcadiisa progressive and aggressive   province for many years to come.
vulgar case of straightforward galloping
consumption!" And so forth ho went to
visit his relatives and friends���and Ireno
was saved,
(TO IIK l'(lN'TIN'l.'l'.l).)
Noxt, Please!
"The tobacco habit," wrote the editor
while the printer's imp stood by the sane
g for copy, " lho tobacco
On tho Stage,
" I'liat is yonr son doln' cow,
llalfertv?" asked Mrs, McMoriarly.
"Sure he's adopted tho Btagc us a profession," said Mrs. O'Rallerly,
" A Kiuit-end stngo is it!"
"Ho away wid y'r nonsinoo!   It'a an
actor he is.    He do be u light oomodlttn."
"A loight comedian, is it?"
" Yis.   Ho Blands boyant a bank curtain,
Will his mouth tn ti hole fundus!, a candle,
an' when Pawnee Ilea shoots at the candle i
he blows it ouU" I
iiabitis an evil 'hat the Press of tho country
should bring ils united powers against, It
is au Insidious foe to health. It lessens
mental vigour, shallot's the nervous system,
and destroys the vital foreeiof the digestive
organs. The rapid increase of this habit,
ruinous to hotly ami mind, and taxing to
our purse, is enough, indeed, to till thc
minds of deep thinkers cf our agu with the
darkest forebodings for lho future of our
And then the editor handed the copy to
the boy, tilled hi�� brinnvood with "Old
Virginia," and scraped a red-headed match
upon the wall, and as lho blue smoke curled
upwards in graceful wreaths that formed a
halo about the editor's head, he leaned back
in his easy-chair, closed his eyes, and WOU-
det'ed what iu I he course of human events he
bhould write about next,
church.        ^	
counters, buying paper goods, paying for
them with paper money, and deal in paper
stocks on paper margins. We row races in
paper boats for paper prizes. We go to
paper theatres where paper actors play to
paper audiences.
As the age develops the coming man will
become more deeply enmeshed in the paper
net. He will awake in the morning and
creep from under the paper clothing of his
paper bed. ami put on his paper dressing
gown and his papcrslippers. He will walk
over paper cai pels, down paper stairs, and,
seating himself in a paper chair, will read
the paper news in the morning paper. A
paper bell will call him lo his breakfast,
cooked in a paper oven, served on paper
dishes, laid on paper cloth on a paper tabic,
He will wipe his lips on a paper napkin,
and, having put on hia paper ahoes, paper
hat, and paper coat, and then taking his
paper stick (he has the choice of two descriptions already), he will walk on a paper
pavement or ride in u paper carriage to his
paper office. He will organize paper enterprises and make paper profits. He will sail
the ocean on paper steamships and navigate
the air in paper balloons. He will smoke a
paper cigar or paper tobacco in a paper
pipe, lightod with a paper match. He will
write with a paper pencil, whittle paper
sticks with a paper knife, go fishing with a
paper fishing rod and a paper hook, and put
his catch in a paper basket. He will go
shooting with a paper gnu, loaded with
paper cartridges, and will defend his country in paper forts with paper caunon and
paper bombs.
Having lived hit paper life and achieved
his paper fame and paper wealth, he will
retire to paper leisure and die in ptper
peace. There will be a paper funeral,
at which lhe mourner!, dressed in p.i|ier
crape, will wipe their eyes in a paper handkerchief, and thc preacher will preach in a
papor pulpit. He will lie in a paper coffin ;
elsewhere iu tins paper it will be ,-een that
he has a chance ot doing so already if ho is
a paper���we mean pauper. He will lie
wrapped in a piper shroud, his name will
be engraved on a paper plate, and a paper
hearse, adorned with paper plumes, will
carry him to a paper-lined grave, over
which will be raised a paper monument.
Damp Bels.
Tho peril of sleeping in adainp bed is of the
greatest, and i, is almost ever prest-it. The
xpericnoed traveler rarely hazards the risk
f sleeping between sheets, wbieh are nearly
sure lobe damp, tinlil they have been tl.or-
Highly aired under his personal superVi>iou
at a tire in his bedroom, If this be impmcti*
able, he wraps his rug around him, or pulls
Hit the sheets and sleeps between the
blankets���a disagreeable but often prudent
expedient. Din-1 mischief may result from
the contact of an Imperfectly heatad body
with sheets which retain moisture. Tho
body-beat is not sutlieient to raino the temperature of the linen or calico lo�� sale p.jint
and the result must be disastrous if, mis
sure to happen, the skin be cooled by con.
taot with a surface colder than itself and
steadily abstracting heat all thr night
through, There is no excuse fur iV neglect of proper precaution to eosiitai dry
bedf.���[Herald of Health. Ctje Uootenay Star
il. McO utoheo
R. W. Northey,
SATURDAY, OCT. 8, 1892.
[from uur own correspondent.J
Nakusp, Oot. 5th.
The latest discovery iu the Sloean
Las been made by Harry Thomas,
tvho left Eevelstoke a few weeks ago
on a prospecting trip. He has beeu
Speedily rewarded by fiuding u magnificent ledgo of galena cropping up
in good shape. He arrived at Nakusp
yesterday with samples of oro for
assay. Prospectors and men conipe-
tent to judge say ho has made a rich
J. F, Wardner is making things
hum all along tho lino from tbe
"Freddio Lee" to Nakusp. Ho has
rooontly brought iu a mammoth outfit, whioh leaves ovor,| thing in the
line of pack trains away in the shade.
fie has now somewhere in tho neighborhood of 100 pack animals ongagod
in carrying ore between Slooan Lako
and Nakusp. Mr. Warduer is at
T'acomu making urrangomeiits with
the Smelter Company there. Beforo
leaving he ongaged oompetont men
to construct drums aud othor hoisting apparatus at the mines aud appliances for eonveying the ore to the
trail below. He intends making extensive prepartious at the mime
"while the weather permits, bo that hu
will be able to carry on work right
through tbe winter. We want a few
tnore Jim Wardners in tbis district.
, It is not likely that the wagon
toad will go through tbis fall. I
have this item on the most reliable
authority. It is stated that the
Government, haviug disposed of the
Whole of the New Denver townsite,
have now no furthor interests to
serve and have withdrawn from their
former offer. If this be true, Slocuu
and Nakusp, and Revelatoke, too,
should make it uncomfortable for
the Government oundidatu at the
next election. There a probability
that the C.P.R. will make a sleigh
road for winter uso.
Bourne Bros., merohants, of Revelstoko and Nakusp, have bought out
Hunter k MoKiunon, general merchants, New Denver, and will continue the business iu that city under
the able management of Mr. Frank
Bourns. Mr. Wilson will take charge
���f the store at Nakusp. Messrs.
Hunter k MoKiunon are the owners
of the new propeller on Sloean Luko
and will devote the whole of their
time to the boat.
Among the facilities whioh Nakusp
is badly in need of is a whuff. The
Steamboat men laud freight along
the sandy shore the bust they kuow
how, but when a piece of tender loin
comes in contact with sand thoro is
likely to bu a grinding of tenth uud
(with a person of the male guilder)
considerable swearing when the joiut
comes to be sampled. But fresh
meat is only one of the many articles
that sand adheres to. A wharf is au
absolute necessity that would not
only benefit the town and be of the
greatest convenience to the traveling
pnblie, but would also bo the moans
of inducing tho morobuiits of New
Denver to have the whole of their
freight landed hore. While now >
three-fourths of the Slooan trade
pass through Nakusp, if we had a
wharf tbe other fourth would soon
follow. Tbe only hope we havo is
that when the people who bought
loll on the instalment plan make
tbeir second payment tho company
will see fit to expend a portion of
the money in building a wharf that
will meet tbe requirements of tbe
fast growing traffic of the district.
A petition has been circulated and
largely signed by the citizens praying for the removal of the post-office
from the Hotel Nakusp to Bourne
Bros.' store. Two considerations
have rendered this step necessary ;
FirBt, many people object to passing
Ibe bar-room for their letters, more
especially ladies ; second, ou account
of inconvenience of situation, the
present location being out of tbe way
for tbe majority of tbe inhabitants
and visitors.
Nakusp is still spreading itself.
Three new cottages are in course of
election, oue a neat and roomy building for Mr. and .Mrs. II. Sergent, who
will make tbeir permanent resilience
here, Mr. Neault is also building a
house and stables. He wants to get
the buildings oompleted this fall, ��o
that he will be able to keep ahead of
Ihe rush that is sure to bo here Dext
Another dance took place ut the
Hotel Nakusp on Friday eveuing,
The attendance was verj iniiall compared with tbo orowd usually seen at
Ibese events, but the few who dill
attend spent an enjoyable evening.
Handsome!   Serviceable!   oheap!
Merchant Millers, Moosoinin, Assa.
Dealers in all kinds of
Prices givon Sucked or in Bulk.     Tbe finest  quality of OATMEAL
und CORNMEAL enn be obtained in nny sized sneks,
Quotations cheerfully furnished on upplicntion.
Special Al (cul ion given to the British Oolumbia Trade,
Moosomin, N.W.T. and 25 Spark St. Ottawa, Ont*
News from Big Bend.
Mr, (lus. Lund came down from
Big Bend last Friday, bringing very
hopeful news from the camp at
French Cieek. A letter from Mr. L,
Mason, who reoontly bought a third
iutorest in the Consolation Gold
Mine, aud who has been up there
since the middle of August, says :���
" Everything nt the mine is going on
well. We are trying to tap the old
workings, and expect to be through
in about two weeks. We will work
the mine all winter. I confidently
predict that Big Bend will be all
right, and soon, too. I anticipate a
handsome return for our outlay, and
don't think we will have very long to
wait ior it. We will have an electric
boat for our company early next
spring." Mr. Mason came here from
San Francisco to purohase mining
property on behalf of some U.S.
capitalists, and a party oi his friends
will be here early in the spring for
the purpose of investing in Lardeau
mines, where ores carry a high percentage of gold. On his way down
Mr. Lund met the two young men
(Mansell and Barchard) who left for
Cairns Creek tho previous week with
one packhorse. They were all right.
Ripans Tubules: it family remedy.
SITTINGS of the County Court of
Kootenay will be held nt the following places, viz.:
At. Donald on Wednesday, the 12th
day of Ootober, 1892.
At Kovelstoke on Saturday, the
15th day of Ootober, 1892.
At Nelson on TUESDAY] the 18th
day of October, 1892.
By command,
Provincial Secretary,
Provincial Secretary's Office,
llth September. 1892.
W. J. LAW,
Merchant Tailor*
(Near O.P.R Station)
Eug'lish Worsteds, Scotch and
Irish Tweeds and Serges
Dress Goods, Millinery,
H. N. Coursier's
Charmingly situated on the bank of
the river, on the principal street,
close to the post-office and
Government buildings,
and nearest to the
First-class Table, good Beds,
Begs to announce that he is prepared to make and repair all kinds of
mattresses, pillows, ko., at reasonable
prices. Upholstering done on the
premises.   Satisfaction guaranteed.
G. H. Williams,
A new and completo stock of
Toilet Articles, etc., etc.,
At reasonable prices.
Mail Orders promptly attended' to,
Raymond Sewing Machines in Stock
Revelstoke Station Post Office.
Stoves, Tinware, Crockery, Glassware. Carpets;
Doors, Windows, Builders' Hardware, Paints, Oil8, Varnishes,-
Bakery in connection with Store.
Messrs. C. B. Hume & Co.,
Revelstoke Station.
Wagons and all kinds of
Vehicles Repaired.
Shoeing a_j5pecia!tv��
A��tay��r <m<l Analytical Chemist.
Nearly ("even yearn iwimytir at tho
Stwfa Works, Swansea, and over 17
yours ohief analyst, to Wigan Coal k
Iron Co., Wigan.
Assays nnd analysis (if ovriry de-
���oriptioD undertaken on the most
reasonable tortus.
Positively no oooneotion with anv
milieu or works ; aoouratc nml un
biaeied reeulte aro thorefore ensured.
Mr, 0. 1'. StoksSi Nelson, Is the
MCCMZed agent for Lowor Kootonay, I
Vtlantio Express, arrives 10.10 daily.
Paoifl. 16.62   ������
i heapest, moel reliablo and safe
routo 'ii Montreal, Toronto, Ht. Paul,
Chicago, Now York and Boston,
Rates >���"> to $10 lower than any othor
othor route,
Speoially fitted Colonist Cars, in
oharge of a Porter, for the aooommo
datum of Passengers holding econd
class tiokets, Passengers booked to
and from all European points at
Lowes' Rates,
Low Preighl Rates, Qulok des
patch. Morchants will save money
by having their freight routed via
theC. P. II.
full and reliable information given
by applying to    I). E. BROWN,
Asst, Qen'l Preighl Ag't, Vflooitver,
or to I   T   BREWSTER,
Ag't C, P, R. Depot, Bevolfltoi
J. E.WALSH & Co.,
Clearing Charges paid on
Freight for Sloean Lake.
Hav and Grain for sale
General Commission
Passengers billed through from
Consignment of Butter and Eggs received every week,
Eailwav Men's Requisites,
Furniture & Undertaking.
Has a large Stock of Household Furniture, Coffins, Caskets ���
Shrouds, &c.
For (
or i.oiijioii
Ciokets apply to
C. A K. Nav. Co
Kooteuay Lake
All orderB hy miiil of
express promptly
All descriptions o(
gold nnd silver.
Large Stocks on Itaud.
Preparations ate being made for the i
Cheat BnlldiDg Boom of 1892,     I
Notary Public ��� - REVELSTOKE, B.C.
Mining, 'li in Im*
ami   Ileal Estate Broker
Com mission Agont.
and Goneral
Conveyance**. Agreements, Bills of Sale, Mining Bonds, etc, drawn up,
HonU and Accounts collected ; Mining Claims bought and sold ; Ahbosh-
ii out Work on Mining Claims attended to; Patents applied for, etc., etc,
Lots in Townsite ol Iievelstoke for Sale and Wanted,   Agents for Mining
Machinery, etc,


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