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The Kootenay Star Apr 8, 1893

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No. 43.
AGENTS to soil our choice aud
Imrdy Nursery Stock. We hnve ninny
new special varieties, both in fruits
and oraiimentalsj to offer, which are
controlled only by us, We pay commission or salary. Write us at once
for terms, aud eecnre choice of territory.���May BnOTHERSi Nurserymen,
Rochester, N.Y.
Beautifully situated on tbe Lake
(bore at the eulrauce to the best ami
shortest rond to the Slocau minos aud
New Denver, The best fibbing and
hunting iu the district, with grant!
boating uud sketchiug facilities for
tourists anil artists.
The Baii is butplikd with the
Best brands of wiues.liquors
and cigars.
The accommodations of the Hotel are
of the best,
Charmingly situated ou the bank of
the river, on the principal street,
close to the post-office and
Government buildings,
and nearest to the
First-class Table, good Beds,
0. & H. LEWIS,
Catered for.
Fresh Milk.
I am now prepared to supply
Families and Hotels with Milk at
lowest prices.
First Class DAIRY COWS
will do well to address
Box 217, Revelstoke, B.C.
W. J. LAW,
Merchant Tailor,
(Near O.P.R. Station)
English Worsteds, Scotch and
Irish Tweeds and Serges
Sir,���I am in receipt of a letter from
the citizens of Eevelstoke iD referenoe
to an appropriation of iC.OOO for Revelstoke division 0/ West Kooteuay. Iu
reply would say that I am at ft loss as to
how such au idea oould originate. Upon receipt of tbe cunimunicatiou I at
once called upon Mr. Gore, Assistant
Commissioner of Lands and Works, who
laughed at such an idea and stated that
the estimatos were hardly yet cold, and
ou acoount of over-pri'ssure of business
no opportunity as yet, had beeu possible
to give the subject of a division of the
estimates any consideration whatever,
bnt that the citizous of Rovelstoko could
rest assured that their particular part of
the district would reoeivo that oareful
consideration whioh its importance as a
mining centre demands. As for the Big
Bend trail I might state that ample
funds will be forthcoming to keep it in
passable condition, but that other parts
of the distriot, where prospecting is being carried on with great vigor, should,
and no doubt will, receive a greater
sharo of the appropriations than the
distriot of whioh Revelstoke is the recognized centre; however, dne care will be
takeu that no injustice is done to any
part of the distriot. Wherever roads
aud trails are said to be necessary a
competent and reliable roadmaster will
be appointed by the Government, whose
dnty it will be to first see if suoh road
or trail is necessary, and, if fonnd so, he
will be commissioned to find the most
feasible route and attend to its proper
construction ; in fact, will have full
oharge of the work. By this means it is
expected that the best possible results
will be obtained for the money. The
steady advance northward of prospectors and miners will, in my opinion,
make it necessary in the near future to
improve in some manner tbe present
communication with the Big Bend
oountry, but at the present time (when
money is so badly needed in other and
easier accessible parts of the distriot)
I do not think the'people of Revelstoke
should expect that a larger part of
the appropriation than is necessary
should be expended on that trail until
suoh time as tlie development of that
part of the country is in a more advanced condition, The genoral appropriation for West Kooteuay this year is
$30,000, with a special grant of $5,000
for Kaslo wagon road and another of
$5,000 availablefor immediate use,which
together with $2,000 unexpended from
last years grant, brings the total for
roads, trails and bridges up to $12,000,
whioh I think, if properly expended, will
materially assist in the mining development, as well as the advancement and
prosperity of tbe district; in faot, the
whole Province will reap tbe benefit of
suoh a liberal expenditure, providing
the work is done in those parts of the
distriot where it is most needed, and
where development work will immediately succeed prospecting. The total
appropriation for all purposes exoeeds
$75,000, whioh I consider most liberal,
and far in excess of any other district
in the Province, I expect, as soon as
tho snow is off the ground, work will
commence ou the trails and bridges,
more especially those in tbe Lardeau
district, as I am informed tbat a great
number of prospectors are anxious to
get into that part of the country as
early as possible, and no doubt the citizens of Revelstoke are fully alive to the
commanding position of their town as a
supply point fur tbat rich distriot. I
might state that the petition re Nakusp
k Slocau Railroad reoeived my immediate attention and hearty support, as anything that tends to the advancement of
West Kootenay always will, ��� Yours
faithfully, J. M. KELLIE.
Viotoria, April 5th, 1893.
Atlantio Express, arrives 10.10 daily.
Paoifio       " '<     16.52   "
Cheapest, most reliable and safe
route to Montreal, Toronto, St. Paul,
Chioago, New York and Boston.
Rates $5 to $10 lower than any other
other route,
Specially fitted Colonist Cars, in
oharge of a Porter, for the accommodation of Passengers holding second
class tiokets. Passengers booked to
and from all European points at
Lowest Rates,
Low Freight Rates. Quiok despatch, Merchants will save money
by having their freight routed via
he C.P.R.
Full and reliable information given
by applying to
Asst. Oon'l Freight Ag't, V'noouver,
or to I. T. BREWSTER,
Ag'tC. P. li. Depot, Revelstoke.
Those baby carriages at H. N. Coursier's are beauties.
A daughter was born to Mr. and Mrs,
W. S. Phipps on Wednesday,
If you are intending to grow flowers
or gardeu plants this year go to H. N.
Coursier's for your seeds.
Mr, W, Mackie has disposed of bis
Revelstoke herd to Mr, F, Fraser, but
still has several head of cattle feeding
at Hall's Lauding,
Messrs. C. 13. Hume & Co, are abont
to enlarge tbeir storo, whioh is by no
means a small one, and will build a
largo warehouse in the rear,
The Righton Brewery is now completely fitted np, and as soon as the
consignment of malt arrives work will
be commenced on several large orders.
Mr. Paton will oondnot service in the
Presbyterian ohuroh to-morrow nt 7.30.
Sabbath school at 2.30 p.m, in the
churoh. Wednesday prayer meeting in
Mr. Paton's house at 8 p.m.
No more free rides to the station. A
fare will hereafter be oharged on the
'buses. The proposed sidewalk will be
needed very mnohly now, as the boys
who are always broke will have to hoof
The First Annual Ball of the Columbia
Quadrille Club will be held in Peterson's
Hall on Tuesday, April 18th. No individual invitations will be issued, but a
general invitation to one and all is herewith extended.   See advt.
Bourne Bros. h��ve oommenoed building a large warehouse adjoining their
store. This enterprising firm does a
very large business, having branches
at Nakusp and New Denver, tbeir
Revelstoke store being the largest in the
Oeorge Irving was brought before
Mr. Fraser, J.P., on Tuesday on a
charge of being drunk and disorderly,
and was fined $5 and oosts, with the
alternative of ten days' imprisonment.
George took tbe alternative, and went
into retirement.
Many new houses are being bnilt at
tbe station, and that end of the town is
fast potting on a progressive businesslike aspect. Robson's new flour and
feed Btore is now open for business,
and Mr. Longheed has just oompleted a
bouse and store adjoining his dwelling-
The finest, completeat and lattwt line of EtofcJ
trlcnl apollances In the world Tbey hare nevei
failed to cure. We aro eo positive of It that we
will back our belief and Bend you any Electrical
Appliance now In the market and you oan try II
for Three Months. Largett lilt of 'Mttinonlal*
on earth. Send for book and journal Free.
W. T. Baer Ic Co., Wind-Mar, Ont*,.    ,
Ripans Tabules: for liver trouble
Ripan*! Tabulos .* for bad tenipe-
[fkom Ol*R OWN correspondent]
The Salmon Arm Athletic Association
held their weekly meeting at the club
rooms with a full list of members present. Several exhibitions of tbe "manly
art" were given, under the able tutorship of Mr. J. S. Smith, the club instructor.
It is to be hoped the Government will
make some badly needed improvements
on the roads here tbis season, as in several places they have become nearly impassable.
A survey is also greatly required in
Canoe Creek valley, several parties having already been in this spring looking
for locations, bnt as the land in Salmon
River Valley is all taken up, they have
had to look elsewhere. A survey here
would open up a largo section of fine
arable land and bandy to the railroad.
Mr. Charles McVicar and family have
arrived from tbe west and taken up a
seotion of land, where be intends to
make his home.
Miss Campbell, of Donald, has been
the guest of Miss E. McGnire,
Mr. J. Bolton, of Vancouver, arrived
with his family and started to work on
bis place iu tbe valley.
The lake has now opened up in several places and large Hocks uf geese and
ducks are coming back lo lheir favorite
feeding grounds on tbe lake shore, affording good sport.
.Mr. H. Cleniis expeots to bring his
portable steam -aw mill in shortlj, having received good inducement! from the
farmers, several of whom intend to
build uew houses, outbuihiiDgs, eto.
The last danoe of the season was held
by the members of Revelstoke Quadrille
Club in Bourne's Hall on Tuesday evening. There was a good attendance, and
the event was a most enjoyable and
happy one. Refreshments were served
at twelve, and the meeting broke up
about one o'clock, But for the bad
state of tbe roads many more would
have been present.
Mr. Sbiel, taxidermist, has just oompleted two fine specimens for Morgan
David. One is a hugs cariboo head and
antlers, and is very nicely mounted; the
other being a large wolf with magnificent fur and tail. Morgan has quite a
collection of deer and oariboo heads,
besides smaller animals enough to stock
a museum. Mr. Shiel has a splendid
lot of British Columbia birds on sale,
all well mounted and natural in pose.
A section foreman named Annala had
bis leg broken near Clanwilliam on
Sunday morning. Ee and five or six
other men were riding on a handoar and
got off and lifted the car from tbe track
to let an engine and freight train go by,
Annala, thinking the car was too close
to the rails, went to lift one end further
out, when the engine struck tho other
end of the oar, which came against the
man with great force, He was brought
to RevelBtoke, where the brokon limb���
a compound fractura���was set by Dr.
McLean, The sufferer waB taken to tho
hospital at Donald.
A paragraph in last wook's Star
seemed to be a reflection on Officer
Kirkup. It was stated that "a man
named Olsen was wrested on Saturday
night and released next morning on
payment of $6," The man said be had
been fined $6, but the truth of the
matter was that, being Sunday, he was
allowed ont on bail (Hju being the loweBt
sum permissible), and told to appear at
the polioe court Monday morning. He
did not turn up, and of course his bail
was forfeited. It is said the man does
uot understand English very well, hence
the mistake, and consequently the paragraph we published.
Up to last Wednesday the weather
was not very favorable to the early
opening of navigation on the Columbia,
but warmer weother has now set in, and
hopeful prophete are fixing the date
of the steamer Marion's first trip as
somewhere about tbo 12th inst. The
ice is breaking up fast, and the rivor is
practically open from the big eddy to tho
lower wharf. Tho bhow on the roach is
nealy all gone, and sleighs aro gone into
retirement till next winter, The roads
are not in good condition, and repairs
will have to be made in several places
before they are. Oa the levol "tho
beuutifnl" still lie�� 18 inches deop, but
a hot sun will soon liquidate that.
Mr. F, Fraser, J.P., left on Thursday
for Vernon.
Call and see the lovely Millinery at
H. N, Coursier's.
Mr. J. Serson, C.P.R, bridge inspector
of Donald, stopped at the Viotoria Hotel
a few days this week.
The Nakusp k Slooan Railway Bill,
introduced by Mr. Mara, passed the
Commons at Ottawa last week.
Coming events cast their sba 'ows beforo, and the elegant stock of Spring
Goods previously advertised has arrived
at H. N, Coursier's.
C, B. Hume .V Co, are now opening
up a very extensive range of Dry Goods,
including new pattern prints, cballises,
art muslins, ginghams, carpets, eto,
Henriettes in various shades.
Ladies should lose no time in making
tbeir ohoice of Spring Goods from the
lovely assortment of prints, oballises,
delaines, muslin and spring dregs goods
at H, N. Coursier's.
The town is filling np with prospectors and others bound for tbe new el-
dorado���Lardeau and Slooan, Many
communications from various parts have
been reoeived by residents here asking
for information oonoerning the state of
the river and when the steamers are
likely to oommence running. To these
inquirers we wonld say, "Come right
along now; by the time you get here
things will be beginning to hum and the
boats getting up steam."
At tbe half-yearly bnsinoss meeting
of tho Revelstoke Quadrille Club held
on Wednesday evening the report of the
secretary-treasurer (Mr. I. T. Brewster)
was read and the season's accounts were
examined and approved. The aooounts
showed a membership of 66, Total oash
receipts for the season $301, expenditure $287.78, leaving a balance in hand
of $16.27, whioh was carried forward to
next season's aooounts. All oommittees
were deolared discharged, and a vote of
thanks was tendered the officers for the
efficient manner in whioh tbey bad carried out tbeir several duties.
Gob Lund has bonded bis quartz
claims at McCullogh Creek, Big Bend,
to a company formed in Seattle, of
whioh Mr. C. F. Blackburn is a leading
member. Tbe olaims are the Jenny
Lind, with a rich vein six inches wide;
the Ole Bull and Hamlin, each with a
12-inch vein. Quart*; from all three
assayed from $150 to $5,000 per ton.
The bond is for $5,000, but wonld have
been for a much higher figure had tbe
olaims been easy of acoess. Tbe state
of the trail to Big Bend had to be taken
into account in the transaction. Tbe
company will send in men as soon as
snow permits and oommenoe aotive
operations, and in all probability Mr.
Blaokburn himself will be one of tbe
first to go up. The great difficulty will
be the getting in of machinery for
crushing the quartz, bnt no doubt the
river oan be utilized as fur as Death
Rapids. Mr. Lund will take up other
claims which he has located in tbe
vicinity. In all probability Big Bend
will enter on a new era of prosperity
this season, and tbe Government ought
certainly to put the trail in a condition
fit for use.
Several first-class new Boats for sale.
Apply to     MORGAN DAVID,
Sail, Tent and Awning Maker.
Baqs, Hammocks, ko.
House Painter, Paper-
hanger and Grainer.
���--��� ��� ��� ��� ***���**������      n i.i       i
All kinds of specimens of Animals,
Birds nnd Fishes carefully and naturally
mounted. Soveral local Specimens on
view aud for sule.
Petition for a Railway from
Nakusp to the Mines,
A large and influential meeting of
citizens was held in Peterson's Hall
on Saturday night to consider tbe advisability of petitioning theProviuuial
Government to urge upon the C.P.R.
the immediate neoessity for a raii way
from Nokusp to Carpenter Creek.
There were about 40 present, and the
meeting was the first of a series to
he held io tho town to agitate for
steps boing taken to prevent all the
West Kootenay mineral from being
taken out of the Provinoe, as nt present, without benefit to tbe Province-
at large,
Mr. W. Brown was elected chairman and Mr. C. E Shaw secretary.
Mr. J, W. Haskins explained the
objeots of the meeting, aud spoke
strongly against the apathy of the
C.P.R. in the matter of building* a
railway into the mining country.
The Americans were not slow to perceive the advantages to be gained
from connection with the Sloean,
and worn pushing northward with
tbe intention ot tapping that rich.
distriot, tbe wealth of which would
go to build up Spokane aDd other
cities in the States. We must make
an effort to get this changed. Most
of tbe ore now goiug out to Kaslo
should come to Nakusp, which was
muoh nearer the mines aud a better
road. Nakusp was the natural out
let for New Denver aod tbe Sloean,
and he proposed that a petition be
forwarded to tbe Provincial Government to urge upon the C.P.R. the
necessity of constructing a railway
from Nakusp to Carpenter Creek, so.
that the ores of Western Sloean may
find un easier and cheaper outlet tliau
at present. This railway would bring
a great deal of the traffio this way,
and prospectors and merchants could
then reaoh New Denver at all times.
without having to go in on suow-'
shoes.   (Applause.)
Mr. T. L. Haio said the way to
draw attention to the needs of the
distriot was by agitating. Nelson
bad always succeeded in gettiug its
demands satisfied by continual kicking. We must do likewise. Regard"
ing tbe Sloean ores, no doubt some
of it would naturally go out to Kaslo,
but the greater portion would go to
Nakusp and oome northward. Our
town had been treated with great
negleot in the past, and it rested
partly with ns whether such treatment should continue. Big Bend
was coming to the front as a gold
produoer, and it was necessary that
the trail should be made passable.
Now tbat we bave started to agitate
we must keep it np until some notice
is taken of our demands, Mr. Haig
then quoted from the Stab's New
Denver correspondent, who wrote
that what tbe people of that town
"most wish to see is an all the year
route oonneoting with Revelstoke."
He thonght they might send greeting to the people of New Denver and
Bay that Revelstoke would do all in
its power to attain tbat desirable end.
The Chaibman proposed the formation of a committee to draw np the
petitiou, and Messrs. J. W. Haskins,
H. A. Brown, T. L. Haig and H. N.
Conrsier were elected.
Mr. Haskins said all baste wae
needed, as the House would probably
end its sittings next week. He es-
plained that the proposed railway
would bring tbe ore this way and
create new industries in tbe Province,
Mr. H,A, Bbown proposed drawing
up a rough sketch for all present to
Mr, Robson said the reasons for
constructing Birch railway should be
set forth in the petition.
The committee then retired, aod
ou returning Mr. E. A. Bbown read
the following :���-
"To His Honour the Liententant-
Governor of British Columbia in
" Tbe petition of the undersigned
humbly sboweth ;
"That whereaB there are at present
no facilities for transporting the
mineral from, and the supplies to,
the mines of Siocan district;
"And whereas at present such
mineral and supplies are crossing
the international boundary to the
impoverishment of our Province;
"And whe'eas tbe natural and
easy outlet being by railroad from
Carpenter Creek to Nukusp ; thence
by boat to the head of Arrow Lake,
and thenee by railroad to a smelter
at Revelstoke, or east or wist:
"Yonr petitioners would therefore
"That you do all possible to urge
and eneonraKe the construction ol t>.
railroad from Nukusp to the, f jrks oi
Carpenter Creek,
"And your petitioners will ever
pray, etc."
This petition was signed by 14ft
residents aud forwarded to Victoria
on Monday night, a copy bring nisi'
sent to Mr. Kellie,
[We are compelled to curtail ow
report owing to presB of matter.] HOUSEHOLD.
Oultivating Obedience In Children-
Obedience is not a natural impulse which
every child possesses us a mutter of course,
as many seem to believe, but it is a trail
oi character wholly dependent upon training : inid in order' thai perfect obedienoe
shall become a habit, this traiuing must be
systematic ami continuous, Wo must keep
in iiuii.l tlie end to be attained, remembering that a trait of character becomes fixed
only hy becoming a habit, and that the .lis
oipline in this direction "must be unswerving, not enforced one day and permitted the
i Ine of the most frequent causer of failure
to secure good results in any training, is
lack of continuity of discipline. One day
the standard is set high, and every effort
is made to keep it there; the next day it is
lowered, because we are too nervous and
hurried to make the offort to keep it high,
so what was prohibited yesterday is permitted to-day. Suoh fitful, spasmodic attempts at training miry be curried on for
years without accomplishing lhc desired
object. To maintain this continuity of discipline requires a great effort on our pari,
but it is the only way 1 know of to establish habits which shall become fixed and
permanent traits of character.
Whatever rules or requirements arc laid
down for children should bc in force every
dny alike; and hence it is particularly important that the very fewest possible requirements be made. A multitude of
rules isccuftising to children, and they often
disobey from forgetfulness, A few rules,
thoroughly carried out, will accomplish
more in the end than twice the number
carelessly enforced,
True obedience springs from love or
respect, The person who expects to secure
obedience from a child, must so deport himself at all times as to gain iheir respect and
Children who would otherwise be tempted to rebel, will often obey readily if given
an alternative ; as, if the child is doing
some!!i ing lie enjoys, tell him he may resume
it when lie has done what you wish. Have
conflicts by alternatives when possible, hul
never at Ihe sacrifice of right and principle.
We should also try to avoid calling into
action any undesirable trails of oharaotor,
as stubbornness or self-will, by making no
unnecessary demands, since all qualities,
bad as well as good, are strengthened by
With children who arc old enough to understand it, much can be done to cultivate
obedience, by keeping before thcni high
ideals of obedience, by relating to them incidents where obodieneo resulted in greati
and lasting good, by reading to them the
Bible story of Abraham when called to
sacrifice Isaac, and other similar examples
ol obedience, and by dwelling upon the
blessedness and happiness it brings tons.
Keep the virtues we wish them to imitate
constantly before them, that their thoughts
may be attracted to the good and true,
rather than to thc evils they must avoid.
This will aid in building up the positive
rather than the negative side of their characters. Let us strive to check evil by putting
good in its place.
In training children to obedience
thero is great nee 1 lhal we govern ourselves. The child must see thai
what is required of lum is for his'own good.
Obedience can be fostored iiy lhe maimer
iu which the requirement is made. The request should alwavs be a courteous one,
spoken in a firm, pleasant voice, not higher
than the ordinary tone ; and generally it
should be in the form of a request, not acorn-
niand. A fretful, querulous, or undecided
tone of voice should bo avoided. Children
may he taught torespect the wishes of their
parents and teachers so much lhat a simple
statement of iheir wishes, as, 1 would prefer you to do this, or, Will you please do
this . will he all BUllioient,
Many a child can be led into obedience
win   :i llld never be driven into it,    Il  is
nol a wise plan io threaten children : they
will almost invariably be tempted to do ex-
a ���..-.- the tiling they know they wi
p .; ished for il iii g    The threat cal    th
stl ution :- rcibly to th u one thing,  ind
: in. '. mes out of ten ihe child will   .
in spue of himself,
if ,i child old enoug    I    think does
��   nga !. forthe til ���    ,:-1 -���    ���   -
il ii is wrong, and ...
u I thai i e must no    peat iI
i��� ��� -���  I to idd, as wi
��� Ii you do ii again, 1 -
;. .' thus making the fen ol |
��� - ��� rime thoi ght in I'i
il we wish the
se it i
I misl raei t,   01     irse,       ���    e3 disobe;
-   -. ni "it to be pmiisl i       at
ne 'y to threatei i lie aei
punishmen itand on
:.. as tl e moil
t h in g to
���: | .'.. -   em I belii
. ������ diool le eption.
ictuating        i re
-. be ba        ioi    ipi   n
���auoil p
. : .  on :
lueh should h
... i irrequiren entit      n       ''���
-   w ou      ildn       it v
edient I iwof
.-   eing, md tl
Obedien lav
I-,. ns ol       Iho
Obedience in oue d     I      vill
. in othei i.   Tin ���      ���
Ingly and parents ai
.   ���: . wil    he I ro willing and
��� I,    "������ ������ E, E   I"
.'-.. VI,
Domestic Responsibilition-
de  i h i' heen  - dd   md wril
��� ..   -i dies ol   unc I i   harmony i
responsibility nl  tho wifo  in i he ������ i   ���
making the homo ploas&n! ;  bill  il
ome in awhile thai one pi ik i up a paragraph that touches upon the duties ol thc
husband  in thia  respoct,   Whatovoi   In
cares, troubles or perplexities, tho wid  is
required to meol her husband wiih n  unhand have everything in apple-pie order, il
-ne would live up io tie- ideal ol tho right
kind of a wifo,
It would seem to thoughtful persona
that a certain sharo ol tho responsibility
rest! with the husband and too father,
Firat of all, as faroa temporal needs go, ho
must supply the family with the necessaries
eomioits and luxuries of lifo,  according to
hia means,   If his family move in certain
circles, it rests with him as a sacred obligation to do iiis best to provide them with
surroundings appropriate to this situation.
If he is unable lo do this, the next best
thing for him to do is to take them from
tlicir environments to some less expensive
locality and possibly iuto other associations. This, indeed, is a most excellent
and proper thing for families whohave lived
beyond their means and find retrenchment
Economy should never begin by cutting
oil' the things tbat make the inner home life
pleasant, ll is often the ease that the comforts are out oil'and the show remains. No
man should permit this under any circumstances. One of the common errors of do-
meslic life is the lack nf confidence between
husband and wife and also the lack of necessary appropriation to carry on household
affairs. Men of wealth frequently insist on,
year after year, paying all thc bills, and
never put into the hands of the family sufficient money for even the most trilling expenditures.
How a man can expect his children to
grow up with any sound ideas of financial
affairs if lie manages them in this way, passes
comprehension. It is every man's duty to
provide for the judicious training for Iiis boy
and girl In money matters as much as he
provides them with foodand clothing. Every
child should understand the value of money,
should ho called upon to use it and be held
to a strict account for its expenditure. No
matter what the wealth or poverty of the
parents, this is an imperative rule.
The boy and girl whose every bill is paid
for them can never know the value of money
or how to prudently provide themselves
with the necessities of life. Some day when
they are left fatherless and come into possession of their estate it goes to the winds.
And what wonder'; The father from the
very earliest childhood, haa taken the course
of which this folly is the legitimate result,
No one can know, without practical experience, what it costs lo live ; and no one,
who has never beon taught the judicious
handling of financial responsibilities, is able
to comprehend how easy it is to make mistakes in this respect,
Imprudent Marriages-
Annabel,'1 writing in the Lady's Companion on a home-made trousseau, says:
"I suppose girls are getting married and
thinking about getting married every day
in the year. If there were morc pondering and preparing for this important
step, and less haste in taking it, there
would, I opine, be fewer unhappy marriages.
For what causes unbappiness as a rule ?
Not incompatibility of temperament, not
discovering after marriage that the affection each was supposed lo have was a delusion, but, more often than not, btcause.when
poverty comes in at the door love Hies out
of the window. Neither husband nor wife
is fitted, from iheir previous lives for long
self-denial, to cope with the daily, hourly
strain of keeping their heads above
water, and the consequence is recrimination begins: one tells the other
what each lias lost in marrying, and,
where both were equally to blame in
rashly rushing into matrimony, each, with
the innate selfish of human nature, throws
lhc whole blame on the other. A man bus I
no business to marry unless be is able to
support a wile, but at the same time a girl i
lias no business to marry him unless she or
licr friends know for certainty that he cau '
so support her. It is all very grand and
sentimental to talk of love, but will i
any human love bear the strain of constant I
poverty from the very out-set ? It may en- i
dure nobly when, through some sudden un-
lookod-for calamity, misfortune comes, but |
to start in life with a burden of debt as so
many do, to begin at once the struggle to
make one shillniL' do the work of three,
when there need have been no necessity ;
for ii i- ..J. is to turn love to indifference
and often to burning hate. It is really appalling the number of young people who
in irry without a shilling! and not only that
but incur a heavy debt to start life with.
:  th,    . ��� irnishing on the pernicious
ire s      ���    ��������� ereas il they only waited a
year or two. a snug little home of their own !
iave   ���������    J' lined, and they might
iddition la  few pounds in the
.. ti wl    . ' - -  irelul little wife  ould
, if il w r is     ._���.������' eek,    I do
ing men entirely, as  so
I ..    v I  im . ��� peri.
���    ten ��������������� ri e I and driven
���   ���
....    ���, rbaps oe.
��� .-'i::ig to business'
own,'  ind alia notl
��� :   .1-    ery
i fata
Every-Day Cookery-
��� ���    ��� :
he prep ��� I i
I      ;:    i
:,   Len     Bi  i I        I    ���
,    ���
it     ,  ���      ��� i . n   ,i -
i   >
Chen pu
���      | !
iwned ���
but h
eef has be
lone, add about a ta
of butter (ton pound  ofbeel)  to tiie pan
,,.' ., ���,;... i b OV n .'��� f   .
en tho fn      irov
.nl.I itahlepoonfulof flo    u       -1 thia haa
oookcrl togothei  ''-i'l ���'. (up of hot water i
,,,!���   i' i time.   Now put He-  mea
ii,:. ._,. i-.. ,- a lance, covoi ll md let il  I ind
.lie i" it, will enok very slow  for two houra
and three will nol Injure ,'
Just before serving add a few drops of
onion  juice using just enough   to  |i     i
ill ;h| ll r and cy'raeling il by pn- ing i
nl on on on n. grater,
Tough   meat cooked   in   this   way   is of
dolicioua llivor for some ol Ihe l.-st il i  oi
iii cookery are broughl. out by slow proi BI I
es; ilo- meal is tender mid au appetizing
gravy is also made. This is a good way lo
warm over lough ends of broiled slenk or
roast beef and one of the best methods of
cooking veal whicli ought always to be well
A general rule which it is well to remember in making a sauce or gravy is to allow
one tablespoonful of fat to one of Hour and
a cup of any kind of hot liquid: lhe combinations fiom tbis fundamental rule are
wonderful when a cook has a litlle originality or takes care to learn.
The omelet made was the simple plain
one which, rightly made, is as light as air
and is the foundation of a great variety of
omelets deriving their names from whatever
is folded into them as they arc served.
BUEAD l'i'DOlxi:. ���Use the crumb of thc
loaf only for this delicate dessert and reserve I he crust for a dark or spiced pudding.
Put one quart of milk on to heal and rub a
pint of bread into crumbs; put the bread
into thc hot milk and let it get heated and
cooked enough to Ire well mixed. Add one-
half cup of sugar, the grated rind and juice
of a lemon and eggs according to their coat.
One egg would do but three are much better. In using three heat the yolks of two
and one whole one and add to thc bread
mixture reserving the other whites for a
frosting or a sauce, bake the pudding in a
moderate oven until linn like a custard :
try it Iiy cutting a knife down through the
centre ; if it comes out clean the custard or
pudding is done,
Beat lhe whites and a half cup of sugar
together and frost tho pudding, orBerveas
a sauce. Do not let the pudding brown
when baking as it will spoil its delicocy.
Ifskimed milk is used a tablespoonful of
butter should bc added to make up the loss
of fat.
For a simple way of cooking apples that
costs no more than ordinary apple sauce pare
and core the apples. Then have in a sauce
pan a cup of water and half cup of sugar
cooking together; pu; the apples into this
syrup two or three at a time taking care not
to break them -, us fast as they are cooked I
through remove witli a spoon to a shallow
dish, Al the same time have the parings
of the apples cooking in a liltle water and
as the syrup boils iway add from this
liquid. Tlie color of the parings is u great
addition, lie sure you have the syrup boiling when the apple is out in. Alter all the
apples are done put s piece of red apple
jelly in tho top of each apple and pour the
syrup around. Thc apples may also he
served wiih a boiled omtard.
For making  lish bills use tho rule re- j
quiring one oup of ran codfish to a pint of'
potato cut in small pieces. Put the fish and
oolato into a pan together and cover with
boiling  water ;   cook  about  twenty-live
minutes or until the potato is soft, then j
drain, mash and beat until very light add- !
ing a teaspoonful of butter and a little
pepper.   When cooled a little add an egg if
you have it,   To fry the mixture shape it
into small balls with a spoon and fry in
deep hot fat; to make inlo hash cook it in
a hoi spiiler in which a bit of butter has
heen melted and then fold over and turn
out like an omelet.
Having Sin More  I'liP/alms   In Kat.  the
Savage iti-ule is IH.aiiitpearliig.
Thc large wolf of North America is commonly known us thc timber or grey wolf.
It was formerly generally distributed
throughout North America, from the arctic
regions to the tropics, but has of course disappeared from all settled portions of tlio
country. Over the larger portion of Its
range this wolf is grey in colour, but in
arotio regions it is white, or nearly so, while
in Florida and some of the 3ulf States and
in British Columbia a black form exists. In
Texas there are red or bay wolves. Except
in its colour, the large wolf of North America (Canis occidentalis) is everywhere the
same, but according to Forest and Stream I
iu its habits there is morc or less difference,
caused by the circumstances of its environment. Tlie wolves of the north feed to a
considerable extent on reindeer and caribou,
those of the east on deer, while those of the
north prey on deer and on the wild hogs
which run at large through the pine forests
and swamps. A few years hl'O tlie centre
of abundance of lhe grey wolf in America
conesponded vory closely with the centre
of abundance of the buffalo. Great bauds
of these gaunt and ever-hungry animals
accompanied the bull'alo herds, killing
calves or old bulls and sometimes cutting
out from the herds strong young heifers,
whicli they had little difficulty in pulling
down if they could once separate them from
��� he i ompanionship of iheir fellows.
Notwithstanding the fact that ever
since the settlement of America tlie wolf
has been pursued with guns, traps, and
poison it is certain that no blow was ever
dealt Iiis race so severe us the extinction of
the buffalo. Their natural prey gone, the
wolves turned their attention to the herds
of theatockm en, and for years now their
depredations have resulted in very serious
i raisers of h��rse8 and cattle on the
nothern plains,    Thoy do not attack the
herds whon they are alarmed and closely
bum bed together, bit prowl about their
OUtlkirl , trying to mil, oil'the young stock
which they can easily  pulldown.    Some-
ind ol wolves will round lip a
little bunc   ol - ittlo whioh --'and in a close
���   heada  ��utward,  prepared for
! olroling ahout thorn for
ma ... three ol lho wolves will
i ,n n, and ii lin-;,  .in   BOattOI
���   ���  he work ol an inatant only
iwn a yeai lin |   oi   lo kill two or
hai in ' wo  wolves
��� min ���     i   with   no
fort   tl Iter dog
I   ling a
The Story of Indian Hatchery Told hy the
Bella Itellns.���Tribal Fend Leads to lhe
Aiinihilaliuii of an Oiler llu ill ins
If the story that a Bella Bella tyee told
Stanley Smith, ot Vancouver, B, C, is true,
tlie Indians have most ingeniously kept the
facts of a sensational tribe massacre from
their more civilized brethren,
Two months ago a brief item in the Victoria Colonist announced that a large canoe
load of Indians had beeu lost in a alorin off
Sea Otter island. About the time this
rumor reached Victoria, Stanley Smith arrived in the North by the Steamer Danube,
and was sent for by a Bella Bella tyee with
whom be was on good terms. Mr, Smith
was asked by the Bella Bella chief to write
a letter for him to a white friend. This
was the substance of the letter:
"It is a delate open (open secret) that
the canoe load of otter hunters who were
said to bave been lost in a storm off Sea
Otter Island, were all killed by Kitkatlas.
" In lhe canoe there were fourteen men
three klootchmen, some Rivers Inlet, some
Bella Coolas, and some Kanisquits. They
started out for Sea Otter Island to hunt
otter, but being overtaken by storm, landed
ou Sorrow Island, oil Cape Calvert, near
the entrance to Fitzhugh Sound,
"They had but one tent and in this the.
Tycos of the three tribes camped. Three
days aflcr, nine canoe loads of Kitkatlas
started for the aame island, and soon there
were many Kitkatlas on Sorrow Island, but
the Kamaquits, Rivers Inlet and Bella Coolas
were all dead.
"Many Kitkatlas won't speak through
fear, but I have found out much about tho
killing because they are not all wicked.
" They landed on the island after hunting
for the ' River Inlet' lliey were in search of
for three days, and there found him otter
hunting. Twenty guns were leveled at him
without a word, and be was shot dead. A
friend of the dead man who had picked up
a gun aud threatened the Kitkatlas was the
next victim.
"The killers then, cither made mad Willi
what lliey had done or for fear of tlie rest
telling on them, killed all of them but three
tyees of tbe three tribes mentioned, fearing
at first to kill them because tbey had muoh
power. The three wdiose lives they spared
wcre suffered to go into their tent. Tho
Kitkatlat; then retired and helda waw-waw.
They soon returned, and opening the Haps
of the tent shot the tyces dead where they
"Tbey then collected the bodies in a
heap, i7 of tbem, and rolling aside a very
big log, dug a bole in the sand and put
them in, rolling back tlie log in its place.
" I have been to Sorrow Island, and saw
the tent lull of bullet boles, a felt hat with
two bullet holes iu it, and two or three
iktus (liltle baskets in this ease) ou the
ground. I could not roll the big log away,
but 1 saw enough to know thai the killed
aro underneath,
Stanley Smith visited all the Indians be
knew in the vicinity and all confirmed the
story. One said be bad told two white
men, but they snid lie was dreaming, Mr.
Smith told tlie Indians lo notify the agent
at Alert Buy before the evidences of guilt,
were removed on tlie island, whioh If the
story is true, has been so aptly named, and
told the whites he met there to help the
Indians all they could. Mr. Stanley Smith
is not a man given to romancing and when
asked why he had uot made the story public
long ago lie said:
"I am not looking for notoriety. 1 cannot vouch for the truth of the story, though
il was told to me by Indians I have confidence in ; and when I instructed them what
to do and helped in any way 1 could I considered my duty done. If you had come to
me two weeks ago I could have given you
the facts then."
The People are Healthy, and Have iteusaaa
lf> lie Hnii'i.'.
The New York Tribune says:��� With a
Canadian, as witli an Englishman, "hie
bouse is his castle," and he is never quite
happy until he possesses one, Outside the
five or six large cities, that portion of i lanada
known us Ontario is made up of towns with
populations of from ten to twenty thousand
inhabitants, In any of these towns a largo
and handsomely built brick or stone house,
with all the best modern improvements,
and suitable for families of ton or twelve
people, may he bought for about $12,000 or
rental lot ���S'KIU a year. Living, too, is extremely cheap. The best porterhouse roasts
and steaks arc 15 cents a pound; mutton
and poultry, 10to Io cents; the best Hour,
$2,25 per hundred: potatoes Bnd apples,
,")0 cents a bushel, Butter seldom costs more
than 14 cents a pound ; eggs, 10 cents a
dozen ; coal, Sti.SO per ton, and tlie best
beech and maple wood,!?.') a cord. New
Yorkers will find it hard to believe that a
thoroughly first-class cook never gets more
than $211 a month, and best housemaids and
nurses $10, These few items will show thc
cost of living to be about onc��third what it
is in and around New York.
Almost all these delightful ('ana linn homes
bave vegetable gardens attached, and quite
picturesque many of thom are, with nicely
kept pat lis bordered with Knglish daisies
ana old-fashioned pinks dividing tlie beds
of early vegetables and rows of small fruit
trees and currant and gooseberry bushes. In
the autumn tho mistress of the house will
show you with great pride her well-filled
preserve cellar with jams and jellies aud
pickles enough so make a New England
housewife jealous and ruin the digestion of
any less robust people, Most Canadian
women are good housekeepers; girls aro
taught housekeeping as part of a refined
education, and a mother who allowed her
daughters to grow up without this knowledge and its practical and economic working
would be considered remiss in her duty.
The wealth or social standing ol thc family
docs not influence this matter in the least.
In large families the grown-up daughters
take charge of the younger ones, overseeing
their lessons and general deportment, In
this way tho family lies aro kept very closely united ; the mother and the older girls
havo so muoh united interest in lhc "children''and the littleoncs instinctively look to
their oldor sister for example and encouragement.
Canadians are a remarkably healthy people, probably owing to their good climate
and love of outdoor life. The children arc
robust nnd sturdy and make a pleasing
picture in winter in tlicir brightly colored
blanket coats and caps defying cold and
snow. Occasionally ears and toes get frosted, but a vigorous rubbing with snow will
soon restore the nipped members to life, and
ou thoy go as merrily as ever with skates
and sleds, deeply resenting a winter witli
little snow and " no fun."
An Obedient Uhild.
laid a I ithcr lo his
���   i ihehad been to church,
....       ... i io pn u in
��� ,  ihe timid roply.
i lairned in a severe
��� -.. ....,, riembor, thonoxl limo yo
me inmething of what ho   lyi oi
ive tob  ��1 "'I
II   I      ' hild   Oamo  leniie Willi
hei ayns ill wild with excitement
" I romomhei aomothlng to day, papa,'
���iod aagerly,
I ,1,, eery glad ol It,"  and   tllO father.
il. did lie  iv
Hi    ,,|.|,   i  \   collection   Will   now  be
Tho Ameor of Bokhara, it it reported.has
in in.-d lo surrender Ins dominions in the
Czar of Russia-wlin-ii nxoroiaei a protoo-
im ito over thom -for $2,500,000 and a pen
non of $50,000 i ycir -Ameer trifle.
she Slashes ��Ith a s�� mil u Traveler Who
Makes love In Hei1,
The native papers of Shanghai print very
full reports of the exploits of a female bandit
in ('orea who his spread tlie terror of ber
name all around Seoul, the capital, and
whose nerve is said to be equaled by her
beauty. There have been rumors of her
predatory exploits for months, but the first
definite news was brought to Seoul by a
trader from a northern province of Corea,
wdio was journeying to the capital lo buy
goods and to sell a stock of lurs and other
When about twenty miles from tlie capital
the trader had to nana through a heavy
forest. Suddenly from behind a tree appeared a woman, and lhe procession of
coolie purlers and guards was stopped by
her imperative demand for toll. Tlie coolies warned their master that he had better
pay, as the woman bore a bad reputation
and had been known to kill travelers who
resisted. The trader, seeing tlie bandit
was young and good looking, tried to make
love to her, but his advances were met in a
way that made Iiis hair curl. Instead of
responding by words to Ilis biglillown compliments on her beauty the woman drew
a keen-edged sword and cut him over the
The sight of blood flowing from Iiis wound
so alarmed both the guard and the coolie
pollers ihal thoy look to tbeir heels. The
trader was thus left at the mercy of the fair
bandit, who ordered bim to depart at once
for Seoul under pain of Instant death.
Time was no choice for him, so, leaving all
hii goods in the WOI inn's bands, he set out
for I he capital, where lie arrived in a wretched condition. He swears lhe bandit is as
tin a; a houri, is not over,'10 years old, ond
i ci n of ul as a gazelle,
"Can't you give me employment, mum?"
asked tho tramp, "Certainly," said lhc
kind woman. "Co chase yourself off lhe
pi ioi
Tho kingdom of Ood comoth not witli
I, en at ion. Neither shall they say, lo here!
oi lo I here! for behold, the kingdom of (iod
is within you.
Mrs, Cleverly--" Ves, but I could never
understand of what use a club  was  to a
married man." Cleverly ���" Merely to kill
time wiih, my dear,"
Harry ���" And, deareit, do you think of
me ill iinylong'.'" Dearest- " 1 did, Harry;
but the days are gelling longer now and of
course���well,you know that thai mint make
some difference."
Novel le' us fear robbera or murderers.
These are external and small dangers ; let
us fear ourselves ; prejudices are the real
robbers, vices thc true murderers. The great
danger! are within ourselver. ���[Victor
Prices ot Turkish Slaves-
The slave trade is llie chief source nf recruits for the harem, AU assertions to the
contrary notwithstanding, it still flourishes
in the city of the Sultan.
The trade is conducted almost exclusively
by a tribe of Tchorkesses, known as Tes-
sircbis. Families generally work together.
One brother, for example, stops at home
and minds the shop, while ibe oilier goes
abroad am! purchases and forwards the raw
material of tho commerce,
Negotiations with purchasers aro conducted through the intermediary of Arab
brokers, who call regularly on their patrons
to inquire if they are wanting anything in
black eunuchs or white girls���just as Manchester commission agents drum for orders
among merchants and shippers, and like
them they are remunerated by percentage
on sales.
A white boy in good health, from S to 14
years old, costs SS to 810. if hc has any
acquirements, such, for instance, as a
knowledge of cookery or (ithcr housework,
he will command twice as much. A girl
under HI years old may be had for ��1,
while a maiden betwoon 1- and Ki, especially if she can read and write and strum n
little on tho zither, is worth S'0110. A female slave of exceptional beauty, young,
white and a virgin���the style most in vogue
are blondes witli black eyes -fetches from
$5000 to $7600.
For a choice specimen, with a smattering
of French and able to play a few airs on the
piano, a rich amateur has beeu known to
pay as much as $13,500. But, as may be
supposed, the demand for articles of this
description lias greatly fallen off since tlie
halcyon time of perpetual loans and profuse expenditures. A strong black slave
sells for about $100 ; a black maiden, $7ft to
Tho Turks themselves see no more wrong
in slavery than in polygamy. It is permitted by their religion, and enjoys the
sanction of ancient custom*. It ia inseparably associated with their social habits, and,
in spite of all protests of lhe Christian
powers, will endure as long as llie Osmanli
rule in Stauiboul,
Japxa in Nasi of fis-Ja**in*iin��*a
Ic seems lhal the Japanese are growing aweary of barbarians and their
barbarous ways, For'.'.'ill years no European save an Knglish sailor and a tiny Dutch
colony on an island desecrated their shores.
Then came Commodore Perry unloading
models of railways and other civili/cd
appliances at Yokohama, with the notice
that he would return in six months to see
how they liked thcni, and that if they were
unappreoiativo lie would blow Japan out of
lhc water, And then lor thirty years the
Japanese denationalized themselves with a
vengeance, even to tlio'point of top-hats
und a House of Commons, But now, because a native pilot has brought an English
stoamor Into collision with a Japanese
cruiser, tbe Mikado is petitioned to expel
every Englishman from the country. We
should not bc sorry if the Mikado did so
and included other Europeans in the ox-
pulsion. The Japanese need a rest to gel
themselves rejapanncd. The country and
its people form, as it were, one of the national treasures of tlie world and should lie
carefully preserved and '' restored. ' Sir
John Lubbock and bis Ancient Monuments
Society should Internationalize themselves
and tee to it.���| I'all Mall Gazette.
Enforced companionship without congeniality is one of the miseries of life, and
by no means one of the least common miseries either. A Remarkable Oriental Experience.
A Thrilling Story of Chisese Treachery.
And now at length we passed across tbe
great plain that circles the massive and imposing Wall, and I forgot that my garb was
Chinese, and that I felt strange in lr.y
Chinese cap, and that my eyes now suffered
from tlie sun since my glasses had been laid
aside, in tlie recurrence of the old tourist
feeling which lighted upon me aa I nearod
the mighty wall.
What pigmies we seemed to be, as 've
toiled through the dust, whilst the barren
waste of ground stretched around us, and
thc walls of Pekin towered above us ! I
asked Chin-chin-wa how this wall compared
with the other wall���the Great Wall of
China���and his answer was tbis :
" The wall of Pekin owes its grandeur to
its height and to its breadth more than to
ita length. Its uniform breadth is about
sixteen paces, as you may measure for yourself some day : but tlie (ireat Wall is a
more wonderful thing on account of ils vast
length. In breadth this wall that you look
upon is nearly its treble. The heights I can
not compare : tbis is much tlie greater.
The (h-eat Wall may not impress you, if
you ever sec it ; this must."
I have not delayed tlie narrative of my
diary by a detailed description of the
country and of the villages through which
we passed on our journey to Pekin. Perhaps I have erred upon the side of brevity ;
but, indeed, what is there tangible and
worthy of description in the hours spent
upon the road ? A wide, fiat country, where
the eye looked upou only barley or millet
or rice-fields on every side ; tlie occasional
passing of a native farmer, or of his
servants, male and female, the hitler witli
their crushed feet half limping us they
went; and the sluggish Peiho ever and
anon approaching us, witli its lazy water
and the painted junks upon its surface.
Above us the scorching sun ; beneath and
around the dust.
Tims it had been during the hours of
daypght : and by night tlie same, save that
the moon cast a silence upon all around,
and tlie country slept.
And when we cam,, lo a village.eueh was
littic different from the last. Beggers and
lepers and creatures wilb twisted limb? beset us until we either passed on or reached
tlie refuge of the native inn.
Of Pekin I shall equally say but little,
for, writing as 1 now am, my impressions
come confused owing to tlie lapse of time :
and 1 shall confine my feeble description to
a few words, lest I mingle later thoughts
with those of ray first acquaintance with the
ireat City of the Chinese.
l-'roir the first entry I was impressed with
a sense of utter greatness and vast, un-
graspable size: not that I looked upon a
mass of crowded streets, but rather perhaps that the wall fitly framed the vast
desolation .vhicb cast a shade upon the wide
spaces whioh near the walls, separated
bouse from bouse���spaces whicli even in
the main streets seemed to hold ther own
in the great width of the triple roadway.
For tlie roads of Pekin are for tlie most part
divided into three portions the centre division being raised, and those on cither side
broader but decreased in width by drinking
and fruit stalls, and by a myriad of tents and
booths which form a species of lengthy and
gigantic fair.
Such was the impression I formed of tlie
great city of dust and crowded life���a life
yet lost in tiie vastness around���33 I rode
silently by the side of Chin-chin-wa through
the streets of Pekin.
After a lengthy journey, we came at
length to a door in the side of a wall in one
of the quietest streets ; and upon knocking,
we were admitted to the court inside. We
were now upon foot, having dismissed ponies and guide some little way from tlie house
where we had now arrived. We were welcomed by a very old Chinaman, who, I shortly discovered, spoke no wor.l of English,
and was therefore unable to enter into conversation witli me. This he made up for
by pouring forth all the vehemence ot his
Chinese tongue upon Chin-ohin-wa, for they
had not seen one another till the previous
day for fully seventeen years.
Wc were, I found, in quartersas comfortable as I could have honed for. True, I
should have to do without an English bed,
and I should be obliged to live in Chinese
fashion ; but this I was prepared for, and I
felt assured that Chin-ohin-wa would soften
the lilies of necessity as far as Uy within
Iiis power.
Our future residence consisted of several
buildings, the occupant being, so far as I
could judge, a wealthy man now, whatever
he may have been in the old time when
first Chin-cliin-wa had conic to lodge with
One of these buildings, which consisted
severally of but one story, was the curio-
store : and there I found much to interest
me, for the aged dealer hail collected a very
large assortment of antique and valuable
relics such as are to be found in few cities
save I'ekin, and thero only to be amassed
after diligent and lengthy research. It is
useless to dwell on the days that succeeded,
��� days in which onr quest loomed tn be
doomed in that we did not advance a single
step toward our goal.
Chin-chin-wa once said to me : " This at
least is saved : we do not now tind it well
to spend our time in a vain seaich for the
carter, for wc have found a substitute, or il
may be the real man, who has been of ibis
value to us, that he has turned our energies
into other channels, and shown us plainly
that our first intentions would have resulted in waste of time alone."
So we rode about Pekin���Chin-ohin-wa
and 1���upon the ponies, whicli we had found
it well, at tbe last to purchase from the dismissed guide ; but we learned nothing likely
to lead us toward success, for in tlie city of
I'ekin it seemed as though we were in reality as much separated from \\ illiam Norris
as we would have been had a grave stood
between us und him.
Is il wonderful that, after livo days' sojourn in I'ekin, all hope left nie'.' Of what
use had been my assumption of tlio Chinese
dress and tlio attempt to fall in with customs which belonged to their race'I Of what
Use had been my journey of mouths from
Europe ? Of what use the swallow's message, now IhatChin-ehin-waaiid I were within the city walls, as men realizing our utter
powerlcsBiiess to act, and facing inevitable
failure at every turn?
Mow, then, was suoh a search to bo under.
Chin-chin-wa alone could assist me now,
and Iiis inquires resulted���as how else could
they���in absolutely nothing at all. But I
learned something of the Chinese dining
these days, and 1 saw much of the great
city ; and the more I saw, the more did I
perceive how numerous were tlie spots where
Norris might be concealed, if, indeed, as I
began to doubt, hc was still a living man.
Is itnecessary to detail every particular;
to dwell upon every futile attempt ?
We ransajked I'ekin : we entered prisons,
where the men herded like wild beasts -,
and went intostrangeplaces, where vice and
filth and wickedness alone seemed to dwell;
and if there was a closed door, we opened it
with a silver key.
These days are past and gone ; they are
like a hidoous dream to me.
Yes, William Norris, we sought you in
strange places and in dens of vice, but wc
did not find you there !
Upon the fifth evening, we were returning
to the curio-store, walking silently side by
side, for we bad heen in places where ponies
would have been little use, when of a sudden Chin-chin-wa spoke.
" You aro hopeless, are you not ? " he
said looking at me as he spok.e.
" Quito" was my reply.
" Thon shall you abandon the search '!'
" I shall wait and live in I'ekin," was my
immediate and firm reply ; for the bare insinuation eut me, "until I either discover
that Norris is a dead man, or until I find
him alive and save him from his ioes.''
" Is that your settled determination ':"
" Then I shall tell you miue, I have never
mot a difficulty which I have not over-
conic. I shall overcome this. As surely
as I walk by your side now, I shall find
William Norrts, come what may, alive or
dead. To-morrow I go to Ihe Imperial City.
If I gain nothing by this visit then you must
act. But I seem to feel that it is I who am
now pitted against fate, and that it is I,
Chin-ohin-wa, who will ke the indirect means
of finding the man we seek. '
A momentary Hash of jealousy crossed
i my mind. He to ke successful, not I, -it
I was hard, after all that had been. 1 did
I not speak, but kept crushing back this
! feeling until slowly I overpowered it
whilst Chin-ohin-wa was still continuing :
" Yes, I shall see Shan-min-yuen, the man
of whom we have heard, and if by doing so,
and by entering the Imperial grounds,
where it must surely be that Norris is confined, 1 learn nothing, Isha.ll still gain this,
that I shall be able to tell you what kind of
mau it is with whom you have to deal, and
how far, according to my idea (whicli you
must look upon as that of a Chinese countryman, and therefore worthy of consideration),ynu may trust him with the secret
of your search. '
" As you know," I answered " it has
been my impression, from thc Iirst, that we
should not hive wasted time in this search
amongst the slums and curious-places in Pekin. When I showed to you the paper
brought me by the swallow, you, too,
agreed that we should fill iu the word, 'palace, ; we should have acted upon tiiat if we
placed any faith in our own interpretation."
" So you blame me," was his reply,
"that I have taken you to other places
first. You are right, it may be ; but this
you will admit, that in so vast a city we
have always gained a littlo in knowing
where the man is not. If we tind that he
is not in the Imperial City, the past is not
all lost, because we know that there is a
j great area where we have already sought,
and it reduces tlie work to be done. Perhaps, indeed, as you now say, wc should at
once have acted upon that interpretation
of the message. Only this: our minds
were then unconsciously influenced by the
only thought whicli occurred to us���the
sacred Imperial grounds���and for that reason, namely, because we so readily came to
this conclusion, I feel and know that itis
not rigid, that it is too simple, and that
Norris 13 not a prisoner in tlie Imperial
" But still you go now to the Imperial
City: what use can it be, if you are confident that Norris is elsewhere ? I, for my
part, think that much time has been lost,
for we have done nothing, and who knows
what every hour may mean to Norris!"
"True," was Chin-chin-wa's answer. "I
now go to the Imperial City, but I go more
with the intention of prospecting, and,
indeed, chiefly to see this man, Shan-min-
yuen, in order that I may be able to say to
you either' Oo to him and tell him all,"' or
'Beware.' But it seems to me that in some
way we shall finally be led lo find the
prison and that deliberate search will never
bring us to him, but that some chance will;
for I have the feeling strong upon ine, in a
strange manner contradicting all sense of
despair, that if we wait we ahall find him
in the end."
On the following day, before noon, Chin-
jhin-wu was dressed in silks of magnificent
embroidery, such as I had nerersecn.
" It Ii hard," he said to me, as I stood
b��side him, feeling in my more ordinary
Chinese garb as the beggar may feel when
he looks upon lhe king,���"it is hard that I,
who have toiled through a youth few
could sustain, should now, when tlie de
cline of my life is coming near, be as I wa-
then, nothing to China or thc Chinese; is
13 hard that, to approach the court of my
people, I luue no garb of rank, that I am
not what I should have been -one of the
highest in the land.''
His bitterness touched me. It was the
first trace of emotion in regard to his individual life which I had observed, and,
coming from suoh a man, it struck mc tlie
In a little timo a closed palanquin, borno
by four Chinamen, stood at the door; and
us Chin-chin-wa tcok his seat, and was
borne away, I noticed that Ids face was
marked as with a deep and bitter sorrow,
the sadness of n disappointed life,
1 did not stir from my Pekin home during his absence, for although I know something of Pekin by now, '] still feared lo
stray, and could have profited nothing by
an idle stroll along lhc dusty streets.
My thoughts dwelt more upon Chin-chin-
wa thau upon our useless search, for it had
been as a revelation lo ine to read I he secret
of hi! heart as I had done to-day. How
many men arc there whoitruggle and struggle With the world and against fate, not
perhaps so powerfully as had Chin-chin-wa,
but still in a measure as strongly according
to their human strength !
It was late in the day when Cliin-chin-wa
returned. Those who know the great distances to be traversed in I'ekin can understand tbat his journey was a long one, as he
had been detained in the Imperial City
until audience was granted to him wiio held
the pardon of the Supreme Power.
Chin-chin-wa was still in lhe same mood
as that in whicli he had left us in the morning. His visit to the Imperial City seemed
but to have added to his sorrow. Hu was
singularly reticent as to what had occurred
so much lis to lead me to believe that he did
not wish to bc questioned upon ihesubjeet. I
could only conjecture that it must have been
an ordeal trying 111 the extreme, for a man
of his nobility und pride of nature to how his
head to a government and its representatives as one who offered thanks to those
recognizing him indeed as a Chinaman and
as tlie pardoned exile, but as nothing
I could understand that bitterness had
seared his heart���he who had to bend the
head to those who by right, had all been
well in the old time, would have cringed before him now as tlie greater man !
So as this concerned my search not at all
and as delicacy forbade my trespassing
upon ground where I had nn right, I beard
liut little of what had passed. Bul this I
did hear���that Chin-chin-wa had seen the
man Shan-min-yuen, that he had spoken to
him, and that he had conceived an intense
loathing and hatred for him from the first
moment of meeting.
Later lie spoke to me more fully, describing lionsel's friend thus:
" He is a tall man, nearly as tall as I am,
but older and not so broad. He struck rue
I at once as of that type of Chinaman which
I chielly detest and despise, and you have
done well to trust him in nothing up till
now. To Mr. Bonsel I can understand he is
everything that is good ; hut why'.' Because
his cold, calculating love of gain makes him
"The German no doubt acts as agent for
him in tlie requirements of tlicgovernment.
Such a thing is by no means improbable.
You told me that theirs had been a friendship founded upon business relations at the
outset; these relations are probably not at
au end now ; only it is llie Chinaman who
makes the most, since his govornment rely
upon him and trust lo him to act.
" I knew, immediately I saw him, something of tlie true nature of the man. I read
the Chinese character rapidly, for I have
studied to doso from early youth. And with
Shan-min-yuen, ihe chief characteristics are
these,���avarice and greed above all ;
cold, bloodless cruelty inherent in his
thoughts and the firmness of an unbending
and evil will,"
"And you learned absolutely nothing
concerning or in any way bearing upon the
fate of William Norris ?    1 asked anxious-
"Nothing. I learned much regarding
Shan-min-yuen ; for when my audience was
at an end, one of his oldest servants was by
chance deputed to conduit me to the gate,
and bim I bribed so that 1 might, if possible have something more definite to put
before you than my own casual opinion of
his master, but I gained nothing as to your
"And what did the servant tell you ?" I
"Perhaps little in your estimation, but
sullicient at least, to e'ear up the relations
between Bonsel and Shan-min-yuen, which
are, so far as I could ascertain, such as I
have already conjectured. You must understand that iny statement may nol bc accurate, as I have pieced together what I
heard with mj own conjectures, and this is
the result;
" I will tell you a little of the past of
Shan-min-yuen. In the first place, he
quarreled with his father a number of years
ago j Iiis father was then a wealthy man,
but old, and he shortly died, leaving his
fortune not to Shan-min-yuen, his disinherited son, but as charity to tlie priests of the
Temple of Confucius.
" Instead of endeavoring to save his fortune, to do which would have been impossible, Shan-min-yuen was wise enough to
realize his powerlessness, and, casting his
lot in with poverty, lie treated with a good
grace the magnificent offering of Iiis parent
to the temple. By this means, hc succeeded
in himself taking the place, as it were, of
donor. A very natural result, as you can
not but see.
" On thia account, that is, because of
the donation of his father, to which
(being unable to act otherwise) he agreed,
he was gifted with sone holy attribute by the priests ; and his position in the
city of Pekin is now a powerful one, for the
double reason of his influence at court in
the place lie half inherited and half gained
by Iiis own efforts, and the power invested
in him by the holy men. They revere him
in a measure as benefaclor and as fat her of
a temple upon the aid of whose priests be
may call at any hour, became of his father's
" But," I interrupted, "tiis is so strange
and interesting a story Unit I can not understand how such Information reached you
through the bribery of a servant."
He smiled and then replied.
"You forget tbat the mandarin1! servants
are not of the common herd of men. Uu
you tliink one of thc lower class could find
admittance into the Imperial City" Scarcely ! Tins servant whom I bribed is a nun
of rare intelligence. 1 bribed him ; ke lohl
me all he knew. Itis known by the Powers
that Siiiiiiinin-yueii is the father of tlio
Confucian priests, and from this he has
gained rank and, 1 conjecture, wealth."
"But what has this to do with Bonsel ?"
I asked.
" 1 am coming to that, before the death
of his father, and immediately succeeding
the quarrel, Shan-min-yuen went, so I believe, to Tientsin. Here he made the Ccr-
"On Iiis return 'o court, upon Ids father's
death, he was thus in a position lo transaot
business with his German friend, He being
a holy man, you unilersland, is for thai
rcasun (and tho other, that he ratified bis
father's gilt to all appearance, thus sacrificing everything for his religion) looked upon
as the last who would work for gain. Tims
itis that many things arc entrusted toliim,
and his avarice is gratified not a little by
the accumulation of a fortune which, I suspect, will already have surpassed all that he
lost by reason of Iiis father's gift."
" Why did not Bonsel toll us of this '!"
" Because," answered Chin-chin-wa, " he
has  probably   not heard what is tho true
position of bis business fiien 1.   lie receives
iiis orders ; is not that suli.ciont'; Further,
i you must remember that 1 am Chinese 1
otherwise there would bave been much unexplained.
" 1 took this servant with me to an eating-house, and there wc sat for morc than
an hour ; I questioning bim upon many
points, and lie answering. It was thus that
the whole is made up ; not so easily gathered, I can assure you, as related by me.
" For instance this much is conjecture
upon my part. I read the man's character
as avaricious, 1 know of Bonsel's business
relations with him, I know that this trade
arises from the fact that the man blessed as
the benefactor and father of the priesthood
is trusted to work without profit, as his
servant believes bim to do. But I do not
know that he gains wealth from the trust
reposed in him, though I believe that ho
foresaw upon his father's death how he was
to make a gain frhm what seemed to be a |
loss. I
"The keenly calculating nature of the
man saw the patli clearly laid out before
him. Making religion as a stepping-stone,
and accepting the inevitable poverty for a
little time, he so worked as to gain mucli
more. I ask you now, taking this nature
as a typo of the higher Chinese, is there
not morc diplomacy in Chineso life than
you could have imagined, had I not brought
the true example clearly beneath your
eye ?"
I was indeed amazed. The tale, interesting an :1 clearly put as it had been, struck
1110 as being the truth. It was too strange
to be otherwise; and I wondered at tlie
clear-seeing mind of Chin-chin-wa, which
hud gone back to fathom a Chinese motive,
and lo clear up what waB doubtful until the
whole lay patent.
For my part, I should have passed on
without going beneath the ground to discover avarice there as the commencement
of all, not tracing its growth, as Chin-chin-
wa had done, from the seed to the fullblown flower; for I might not have penetrated motives so deep as those influencing
a man's life, though Chin-chin-wa, with
true knowledge of tlie Chinese, had attributed such to Shan-min-yiicu's earlier life.
Chin-chin-wa shortly continued 1
" You seo that I speak true  do  you
not ?"
" Yes," was my reply.
" And you understand now that this is
nol the mail to trust with lhe accret of your
mission ?"
" I believe," J replied, " that though in
some small particulars you may be wrong
in judging Shan-min-yuen, still your conception of his motives and life is right as a
whole ; for, as yon put it to ine, I can
understand that the subtlety that you bring
before nie is consistent in every way with
Chinese thought and life."
I'ruf. VlrcliowSays tliat  ll ���> 11s Kcintilc
from OlBcovcry as Ever.
We know that man existed in .tlie Quaternary epoch, that lie lived through long
ages miserable and depressed, while stone,
wood, horn and bone constituted the material of his arms and of bis only instruments;
wc arc convinced that a long interval separ-
ated the age of stone from the age of metals,
and that only in particular places was the
use of stone immediately replaced by that of
metals. These arc the data which now make
part of the general knowledge acquired by
the civilized nations since tlie foundation 0!
tlie Congress. But further studies respecting the origin and the regions whence thc
different branches of civilization have sprung
have advanced relatively but very little.
We seek in vain for the " missing link"
connecting man with the monkey or any
other animal species.
Thore exists a definite barrier separating
man from the animal which lias not yet been
effaced���heredity, which transmits to children the faculties of their parents. Wo
have never seen a monkey bring a man into
the world, nor a man produce a monkey. All
men having a simian appearance are simply
pathological variants. It was generally believed a few years ago tbat there yet existed
a few human races which still remained in
lhc primitive inferior condition of their
organization. Dili all these races have been
objects of minute investigation, and wc know
that they have an organization like ours,
often, indeed, superior to that of supposed
higher races; thus, the Eskimo head and
and the head of the Tierra del Fuegians belong to thc perfected types. Sonic races
have the same skulls very small, ol about
for example, the inhabitants of the Andaman Islands and tho Vcddahs of Ceylon
have been regarded as microcephalic, A
more exact study has, however, shown a
difference between them and the real microcephalic races. The bead of an Andaman
Islander or of a Yeddah is vory rcgnlai,
only all its parts arc a little smaller than
among men of the ordinary rucos. Nanicepli-
alio heads (dwarf), as 1 call them, have
none of those characteristic anomalies
that distinguish really microcephalic heads,
A single race, that of the Orang-Siinaiugs
and the Orang-Cekiii uf lhe peninsula of
Malacca, still remains unstudied, The
single traveller who bus penetrated into thc
mountainous countries Inhabited by thom,
the bold Russian, Miklukho Maklai, has as-
ceil.lined that certain isolated individuals
aim ng Simaings are small, and have curled
hair. A new expedition has been sent into
thai country to study tho anthropology of
the Omng-Cckai, from which 1 ha\c recently received a skull and a few locks of hair;
the slock is really a black race wiih curly
hair, the brachyecpluilous head of which is
distinguished by very moderate interior
volume, bill il does not oiler the most Hi-
fling sign of bestial development. Thus we
are repulsed at, evory line of tlio assault
upon the human question. All the researches
undertaken with tho aim of finding continuity in progressive development have beon
without result. There exists 110 promt-
thropos, no man-monkey, and llie "connecting link " remains 11 phantom,
Many Deaths From Epidemic DUcasM���
lancer in Canada- Twenty-Three len-
lenarlim. in the 111 a Hi List.
Census Bulletin No. 15 deals with the
causes of death. Sixty-seven thousand six
hundred and eighty-eight deaths were recorded by the census enumerators as haviu"
occurred in Canada during the census year
1891, but A. percent of the deaths have no
cause assigned. In the zymotic class Canada
has a higher death rate than England or
the two Australian colonies ; a lesser death
in the constitutional class than England or
Victoria, but not so low as New South
Wales; lower in " local" and in violent
deaths than either of tiie three. Tlie deaths
in each class were equal to 144.80 deaths of
males per 10,000 living males, and 1.35.70
deaths of females per 10,000, living females.
In England tlie death rate in 1800 was of
males, 208 per 10,00(1 living males, and of
females IS," per 10,000 living females. The
number of deaths of males from zymotic,
local, violent and ill-defined diseases are
greater than of lemales from these classes
of disease, and constitutional and developmental diseases carry off more females than
males. Of equal numbers living there
were 1,164 deaths of males to 1,000 female deaths. In England there were
1,130 deaths of males tol,000 deaths of females, upon whicli fact the registrar-general
says, "The conditions of life iu recent years
appear to have become increasingly unfavorable to males as compared with females,
for while out of equal numbers living the
male deaths in no year before 18b'.'l reached
1,100 to l.txiu dea':hs of females, since that
year they have never once failed to exceed
that proportion." There were 047 deaths
from violent causes in the year bill. Of
thc deaths per thousand 4(i percent wcre
under five years of age. The mortality
under one year was equal to 154 deaths for
every one thousand and totalled 1S,.')IIS,
Tlie deaths from cancer recorded for tho
census year nuinbw 1,187, of which 558
were of males and 029 of females. Eight of
the deaths from this cause were of children
under live years and nine of children between five and fifteen years, Thc remaining 1,170 cases are arranged according to
age periods in the following table :
Deaths from
15to20yeara      4
20 to 25 years      6
25 to 35 years    41)
35 to 45 years  125
4." too.") years  201
55 to 05 years  29G
05 to 75 years  . 202
75 and over 75 years	
Whether cancer has increased in Canada as in other countries cannot be
definitely determined, inasmuch as the
cause of death in the census of 1SII1
were so defectively recorded that ovor
20 per cent, wcre not stated. Compared
with England and Wales, the ravages of
cancer in Canada are small since in Canada
tlie deaths from this disease are but 240 per
million of living persons against Gdli per
million in England and Wales. Our returns show, as do those of England and
Wales, that females are more subject to
cancer than males, the deaths of females in
Ihis country numbering 130 against llli
males out of each 240. The liability to cancer increases with age.
The returns show that 4,,'110 persons died
of old old age, or were very old when they
succumbed to the ravages of disease.
Cwenty-tliree had reached or overtopped
the century mark.
To live long it is necessary to live slowly
An indescribable something in tone, manner and spirit will cause the most uncultured mind to sec who is tlie true gentleman und wdio is tlie mere prolender.
If sorrow has come to you, and you have
dwelt upon self ai d your pain to the exclusion of others, ynu have turned all the
honey uf grief inlo gall,
Riiskin says that the diffcicnco between
great and mean art lies * " ' wholly in the
nobleness of thi ind to which tho effort of
the painter is addressed,
A Grim Story of the Sea-
Capt, Cuthbcrt, K. N. 11., of ihe steamer
Fifeshire, which arrived at Melbourne on
January 7 from London, has brought tidings
of a strange ocean tragedy. When the
steamer was skirting the Bay oi Biscay,
that still tumbled sullenly after a gale had
subsided, a vessel on tire was reported about
ten miles off, and lhc life-hires course was
promptly altered in order that a closer inspection might lie made. The burning
vessel was a derelict, and the empty devils,
with the tackles still hanging from them,
showed that the crew had taken to
tbe boats. The foremast, charred and still
smouldering, had fallen, and lay across tlie
rail, while the othcr spars, gaunt aud black
with cordage gone, stood up nakedly against
tho grey sky. All the woodwork visiblo
was charred, but the name Pretoria on the
bow showed plainly still. The Fifeshire
steamed round and round the derelict lest,
by any chance some living soul might lie
left upon her crumbling decks, but no sign
of life was visible; and the Australian
bound vessel was brought to her course
again, she hauled off from the Pretoria,
whicli plunged aimlessly and heavily in the
sea, sending up clouds of steam as each fresh
wave rolled in upon her red-hot plates.
Afterwards the captain of the Fifeshire
ascertained lhat tiie burning steamer was
bound to a Spanish port, when a lamp in
lho lamp room upset and started flames
that could not be quenched. So swifi was
tlie fire in its progress that the chief ollite:
was BuOooated as he lay in his bunk, and
th" captain and crow with difficulty reached the boats. After thoy bad loft the vessel
two steamers attracted by the gliro in the
night, bore down upon her and tried iu
vain to low her into port. Of tho two Wis
one was picked up by the Bust liieboat,
and lhe other drifted ashore at I'-haul.
Tiie Pretoria herself, Willi masts and rig-
ginc gone, the lire stiil seething in the hold,
and the dead man lying alone in his cabin,
lurched through storm and darkness towards
llie laud and foundered al la-t on the rocks
of l.'sliant.
He who allows a single day lo pass and
cannot say at niglit, "I have done one good
deed," to him that day i. lost forever. That
is, tlio possibilities of the day are lost, no!
the day, for, when be reaches the dark, mystic line, those wasted days wiil pass before
his vision like grim spectres. Then he will
say, "Oh, that I could live my life over
again :''��� | Fibre and Fabric.
A Chicago detective caught a cold the
other day, ami the whole city is elated over
the fact that one of thc force caught something.
Manager (hearing a noise)���" What are
you kicking over now':" Coryphee���" Over
six feet!" Manager���"OoodI I'll raise
your salary:''
Every new acquaintance we make has
lhc power to '.ell us something we didu't
know about ourselvei. ��� [Ram'i Horn, (Die kootenay Star
We are sorry to find Mr. Kellie has
antagonised a great number of his
constituents by his vote on the Parliament Buildings Bill.   People here
think���and  rightly,  too���that  the
Government could have waited two
or three years uutil our miuiug industry bnd been given a fair start.
But now, in the face of this vote to
borrow ��600,000, it seems very unlikely that uny holp cuu be obtained
towards the construction of urgently
needed roads and trails iu tbis district from  a Government with nn
empty exchequer and all its borrowing powers exhausted.    Mr. Kellie
knows as well us uuybody that outside money will not come in to develop our mines until ronds fit for
the transportation of nuiehiuory and
ore are constructed into tho district
nt least, if uot to ouch group of mines.
This absence of trunk ronds iu West
Kooteuuy is ouo of the greatest obstacles to tho ndveut of British syndicates with unlimited capital.   They
will not look ut mines that nre iunc-
cessible.   Since this article was put
in type we bave received a letter
from Mr. Kellie, which we publish in
another column, and from which it
would appear that the Government is
at last beginning to recognise the
necessity of opening up the treasure
chest of the Provinoe,  We have been
wondering whether the determination
to agitate evinced at our meeting last
Saturday night had uuything to do
with this sudden generosity on the
part of the Government.  $75,000,for
West Kooteuuy is even beyond our
expectations, but before we tender an
apology for our criticism it will be
well to wait and see how much of this
$75,000 is to be spent in Eevelstoke
Division.   Mr. Kellie nsks how the
rumor of $30,000 originated.   If it
was only a rumor it wns a pretty
strong one, as every paper in tbe
district published it as a fact.   But
our information came from a more
reliable Bource thau a contemporary's
columns.   Therefore we did not hesitate to publish it.
From the Western Milling Co. of Regina
This company nt present find themselves compelled to uin.iiu: the size
of TiiEiu mill, the demand for their Hour haviug so largely inoreiisod.
The wheat reaped on the Region plains last harvest wns pronounced the
best between Winnipeg AND the Muuntains, speuiul Samples being
secured for the World's Fair at Ohioago.
Flour mnde from this quality of wheat is the article Mr. Robson is now
offering to the inhnbitauts of Revelstoke nud district.
New Spring Goods.
Wp are showing n completo range of Men's, Ladies', Misses' nnd Children's-
Boots and .Sliiics, uud our
lints have arrived.
Also n large stock of Cottons, Muslins, Dress Goods, Laces and Trimmings.,
Art Muslins, Chainbrays, Carpets, Matting and Art Squares.
Patent Hungarian. Strong Baker's, Oats, Shorts, Bran,
Chopped Feed, Rolled Oats, Granulated
Oatmeal, Wheat, Hay, &c.
Always seeRobson's prices before buying elsewhere,
Tliey will bo tho
This Spring is the best uud most varied stock ever shown here, and our ���
irioes the lowest over offered.
Revelstoke Station Post Office.
Don't order your Gabden Plants
yet.   Wait and see Williamson.
of the Columbia Quadrille Club will
be held in Peterson's Hull on Tuesday, April 18th.
Tiekots, including supper at the
Victoria Hotel, 82.00. May be obtained of F. B. Wells, I. T. Brewster,
Jas. Lyttle, or nt the hull.
I will make a match with tbo winner of the Haskiiis-Haman race, one
mile down stream, north of C.P.lt.
Bridge, on Dominion Day, in 10 ft.
skiffs, for a sum of 8100 or $500. As
a forfeit I have deposited $25 with
Mr. Allen, brewer.
W, J. LAW.
Revelstoke, April ith, 1893.
Is situated at the Lead of the North-East Arm of Upper
Arrow Lake. It i.s the easiest point from wliicli to enter the
remarkably rich mines of the Lardeau and Pish Creek Districts. It will have the advantage of hotli rail and steamboat lines. The C.P.R. will begin the building of a line irom
Revelstoke to theN.E. Arm of Arrow Lake as soon as the
weather will permit. LARDEAU is at the head of navigation on this Ann, and will be thc terminus of steamers and
that of the Lardeau & Kootenay Railway. There is no
question that the Rich Mining Districts which are tributary
to LARDEAU will attract thousands of Prospectors and
Capitalists during the present season, and that a large town
will grow up at that point. The history of Kaslo will be
repeated at LARDEAU this year, and investors in Kootenay
property should study the situation. Kaslo, in many instances, has already repaid from 500 to 1,000 per cent, to
The wisdom of an investment in LARDEAU is
without question.
For further particulars, prices and terms, apply to any of the undersigned.
ROBERT IRVING, Trustee, Broad Street, Victoria.
HENRY CROFT, Colonist Building, Government Street, Victoria.
DOUGLAS & CO., 139 Cordova Street, Vancouver.
GREEN, RICHARDSON & CO., 57 Jameson Building, Spokane.
WE, the undersigned 'Bus-owners
of Revelstoke. will, on and after MONDAY, April 9th, positively not earrv
any party or person (except guests   T)PTJG*S
arriving or departing from  hotels) |
without h charge being made there-1     PATENT
fpr.   (Sigued)
Bevelstoke, April 6th, 1893.
Revelstoke Pharmacy
to tbe Public of Revelstoke and tbe
surrounding district with a
complete Stock of
to tho Postmaster- General
wiil be received Bl Ottawa until noon
on Friday, the 19th May, [or the
oonveyance of the mails on proposed
jjOBtraots for four years in "uch case,
and, until noon on Friday, the 26th
May. for the conveyance of the mails
MISSION', all from 1st duly next.
Printed notices containing further
Information nn to conditions of proposed contracts rimy be seen, and
blank forms of tender run) be oli-
taiin.'d at the post-offices mentioned,
as woll us at tbe post-offloea of Big
Bur Crwk, Dog Creek, White Valley,
Galena, Windermere, Fort Steele and
Fairmont Springs, nnd at this office.
Poal oflico inspector.
Pom office Inspector's Oflico, Vio-
twia, RO., Blat March, 1808,
Front Street,
Is hereby given, that nil persona
are prohibited from cutting wood or'
i ber Berths Nob, 112 and 118,
situated on the went side of tbe
111, obis River, commencing at tbe
margin of the mil way belt, aboul
twenty miles sonth of Kevelstoke, and
frr.nt.ing on the said river six miles
earth by one mile in depth. Any
person cutting or taking timber from
these berths after thm date will be
Revelstoke, March Hih. 1898,
Is prepared to supply GARDEN
PLANTS in great variety, such ns
Cabbage, Cauliflower, Tomatoes, etc.,
all guaranteed to bo lirst-class stock.
Orders may be left at once, nnd
purchasers will be notified by lettor
when the plants are ready for removal.
Wagons and all kinds of
Vehicles Repaired.
Shoeing a Specialty.
Kootenay Lake
Largo Stocks on hand.
Pr ipftr��tions nee ht ing made for tho
Great Building Boom nf 1898,
DE8IOM PAT����aY8,
COPYRICHT8,   eto.
Knr Information mil fri-n llantl'i'irilr wrlin In
MliNtf & CO., IW BluiAltWAf, Nr* Yniot.
(Iltlett. teurtitn for somirlnif fMif.titu In A merles.
P.tip.ry jei.l.mt Ukim onM.y in la ttr'iitnl.1 tioforo
tfau [.'ii.ii-: t,jr a> notieo gi9���n trim of oliiuyr. In l.lti,
JMflJiiffc jkerait
l.airfirnrt rlrcnlnlloTi of aur n'tmil.lflo pn-KT In llm
world. M|.lwiilnllf lllii��tnit��il. No totulltaml
nun ahonie lio wIltiNul ll. Weekly. II,(TO ra
ri'iar; fUOlIX npnttll. AilitroM AlliNN A CO.,
amuMun. -Iii I llruadwiv.aNuw VurkCily.
Do yoa Write for the Papers?
If yon do, you should hnve TIIK
a Text Hook for Correspondent*!, Reporter*, Editoro  "'l General Writers,
BRUT OH HI I 1.11*1' OT I'lIII'K, uv
it/ Nf,iau Stri i t, Ni f York, n. y.
Hist** where yoa Bnwtbla ami yon will ro.
oelve a hand-iomc lithograph for framing*.
Stoves, Tin-ware, Crockery, G-ia&sware, Carpets.
Doors, Windows, Builders' Hardware, Paints, Oils, Varnishes.-
Bakery in connection with Store.
Messrs. 0. B. Hume & Co,,,
Eevelstoke Station,
Consignment of Butter and Eggs received every week.
Ballwav Men's Requisites.
lining and Real Estate Broker and General;.
Commission Agent
MINING CLAIMS Bought and Sold.
'���';;   AV'ArC^&
v- ��� ��� v<*v ,VrT -ht Vw
V/ AL.iW..f.rrw
��� ���- ;>��W
if>L hy;���<���.,
l>al��j5aaaVaR*j-;  jj
%niture & Undertaking.
Has a large Stock oi' Household Furniture, Coffin*. Casketn,,
Shrouds. &e.
in tho midst of fruitful valea and wooded
lulls a little Norman village lay. Eaoh generation had brought its wars and strife and
revolutions, but their hot breath had passed
over the face of the land, leaving thia green
spot in peace, until the " terrible year" of
the German invasion, when the enemy had
oome there, killing, burning, and pillaging
all before them, and leaving in their wake
a memory of terror and desolation. Il was
all so very terrible to these quiet, thrifty
peasant proprietors, who dwelt in their
thatched cottages and farmhouses down
youder in the valley, where the parish
church, with its slated roof, green and
moss-grown through age, used to peal forth
the call to vespers of a summer evening
with a sweet, deep tone that seemed the
vory soul of old-world rest aud peace. A
poet, it was said, had once hymned those
venerable oak trees, which had seen many
centuries come and go ; but now alas ! they
had been cut dowu in order that men might
the bettor see to slay cacli other.
Old I'ere Lomonuior sat in the kitchen i"'
his farmhouse, whicli was situated in a sequestered spot, ami hitherto been respected
by the foe.
Hc was over eighty now and had fought
in the great Napoleon's wars, but ever sinco
that time hc had tilled those lands which
were his very own���albeit a small holding
���and, living a healthy, frugal country life,
he had come to this ripe old age a hard,
honest man���the very soul of uncompromising honour. Iiis only son, An'.oiue, was
away with hia regiment, and no news had
beet! heard of him for a long time past so
Pere Lcmonnier was quite alone now, save
ior his niece Melanic, who kept house for
He could neither read nor wiite. What
good would it it do him" he would say ; he
could earn his living from the soil without
these accomplishments. He, thorefore,
could not read the newspapers; but even
had he been able to do so he would only
haveswallowed a mass of official lies in whicli
tho French journals of 1870 mainly dealt.
But the news that passed from mouth to
mouth���the news he heard when he went
with his cattle to the market-town���had,
alas! more truth in it; and he could hardly
believe or understand the fearful disaster
to his glorious patrie which came on every
hand; they seemed to crush him, and to
break down his proud old spirit. Now they
were forced to realise all the shame and tlie
horrors that were brought upon them by a
corrupt and decaying dynasty. The hated
Prussians were even now in their very midst,
and Pere Lemonnier knew not at what
moment he might be driven from that home
which had been his father's before him in
the dead and gone days when the seigneur
ruled over tho land.
"Ah, well," he sighed now, as he looked
up at his ancient rifle which he kept loaded,
hanging from a black oak beam above the
ample chimney-piece : "thou hast seen good
service, my stout companion, but I am too
old to raise thee now for my country. That
is Antoine'a duty, and please the good Ood
he may do it bravely I But still, who
knows'; Perhaps I may yet have to tike
thee down to defend my life, or my hou-
our I"
He raised his eyes towards the window,
and there out iu the basae-cour, by the
fading evening light, hc could just decry
Melanic in apparently earnest converse
with a man in the uniform of a French linesman. The old man called to his niece,
whereupon Melanic hastily ran into the
house, and the soldier disappeared.
"Who was that thou wort speaking to?"
Lemonnier asked, "i thought all our
men had been driven away from these
parts ?"
'���It iaapoor fellow who fled from Buohy,
where there has been a terrible battle.''
" A thousand thunders!" cried the
farmer, striking the table with his list.
Why didst thou not make him como in':"
"I���I did not like to do that," the girl
answered hesitatingly.
"Why not? lam hard enough, Go:!
knows���perhaps a miser, as they say���but
my door shall never be closed against those
brave lads who havo been facing the cursed
Prussians in defence of their couutry. Go !
hid him come in and rest himself, and have
a glass of cider."
"I cannot, my uncle," Melanie replied,
seeming strangely embarrassed. "He���he
would not come in, 1 am sure. He is afraid
���1 mean he has already gone away."
"Well, go; call him baok if thou canst
still tind him."
Lemonniei's niece left the room, as
though glad to bs released from further
questions; but she did not return, ami tlie
old farmer, sitting sad and lonely by the
side of the great open hearth, forgot all
about the matter again. Old age, having
no future, lives iu the past, and oftentimos
tho events of the present come and go,
making no more impression on the mind
than so many fleeting dreams.
Tho hours passed slowly on. Darkness
began t fall around, and the lire east huge
shadows on the aueienl, oarved-oak cupboards, blank with age, which give that
quaint, old-world air to Norman farmhouses, Then l'ere Lemonnier, who had
been lighting the battle of Jonaovjr again
in imagination, and wishing those limes
under the Little Corporal might come back,
returning to everyday affairs,bethought lum
it was nearly time for his evonlii*" gousse,
unJ begin to wonder where that good-for-
nothing Molanie could have got to. Ho
rose up and lit the litlle lamp ol colza oil,
which he set upon the table, muttering
something about the flightiness of youth,
Then lie determined to go out and look for
her, when he was suddenly arrested by the
sound of voices speaking in an unknown
tongue, and the regular military tramp oi
many feet, which halted right outaidi his
door. There was a loud knock, and he
called out :
" Who ii thoro ?"
The Intruders dni  net trouble  them-
selves lo answer, but foreod tli - dooi
and the next moment tli-- !..;    en wai full
of German soldiers,
" What, do you wanl crli '; bo ol i m in,
with wonderfulcourago for his years, "I
am past the ago l'"i fightiti you sec, ll
it were nut sn il would I"' the WOr 0 f<>r
Boino of you. Ah ii i i, go, and leave ine in
peace I"
'��� We will do thai, ' replied I'i I : i ;it
commanding the part) in excellent French
���their linguist ie accomplishment was one
of ilie weapons with which his oountrymeu
fought and won���" wo wiil leave you in
peace if you will givi up our prisoner whom
you are hiding.
" What pn loner.' asked   emonnler, in
utter surprise. "I do uot know what you
mean. I am hiding no one; but if I were
and he wore the uniform of the French
army, you may rest assured that you might
never take him by my consent."
"That is as jjood as to confess that you
are hiding our prisoner."
"No, itia uot. I know nothing about
him. I would not sully my honour by lying to such dogs as you I"
"'lhat is idle taik. if we were beaten,
you would be the dogs, with us, Vou had
better take care what you do and say.
Some of your people have had their homes
bui ut down for less. Hut there is no good
in beating about the bush, Itis your son
you arc hiding, and we mean to have him."
These last words so greatly astonished
tho old farmer, lhat he made no resistance
when two of the Prussian soldier.��� held him
forcibly down in his chair, whilst the rest
tiled oul of the room to search the house.
" My son is not here, I tell you, He is
far away, lighting with the army of die
Loire, i wish he were close at hand. He
would never allow this indignity to be put
upon us while a single dropoi blood remained iu his body. My sou would retreat and
fly, if ordered by his officers : but I tell you
he would never hide from his enemy !"
"Nevertheless," the sergeant answered
brutally, " you shall presently sec him
shot dowu before your very eye.-, as a fugb
.ive prisoner of war,"
" That ishali never seo I" Lonnnnier exclaimed, possessed by a sullen rage,
Now he could hear the soldiers tramping
about upstairs, searching and turning over
all hia secret and sacred hiding-places ;
breaking, pillaging everything before them,
Ah, of course ! He had heard these dogs of
Prussians were nothing but thieves. This,
then, was only an exeuse for robbery. Oh,
why had he not the strength of forty years
ago, or why was not Antoine here t o prevent
tins Insult being put upon him ';
The sergeant crossed the room, am. . touted upstairs iu German : " Make hasu ! If
you cannot find him, we must go on. We
have other work to do,"
But they answered back : " We have
him, sergeant, He was hiding under a
bed 1" and then there was a noise of 3cut!ling
aud a strange scream.
" It is Melanic 1" cried the old farmer,
struggling lo be free. " Ah the brigands I
They make war on women now 1"
But it war a French soldier who waa being dragged, pale ond trembling, down the
gloomy staircase.
" Do. imnnUer, you fools I" swore the
sergeant, as the prisoner was brought forward intr the lamplight: " who have you
got here! This is a girl!"
" Melanie !" exclaimed Lomonnier, this
timo wrenching himseli free; indeed his
captors were too much astonished to detain
him. " What is the meaning of this senseless masquerading?"
"Oh, forgive me, my uncle* I did it to
save Antoine I"
"To save Antoine!
The words came like a dagger-thrust.
At this moment the outer door was dung
open, and two moro rmans mtered tie
kitchen with a man of about five-and
thirty, attired in the cap and blouse of a
Norman peasant, who walked sullenly between them.1'
" Wo have gi our mau, sergeant," said
one of the new comers. "Vou ha\ebeen
playod a tine trick, it seems. He was trying to escap - from ns in disguise; but I
knew his ugly mug directly I set eyes upon
it, for I had marked it myself with the
butt-end of my gun when he tried to give
us the slip before."
Tlie look of shame and agony whicli was
imprinted on tlie aged farmer's pale features
was indeed piteous *.o behold, as he recognized here before him his owu son, Antoiio
"What'" he moaned, bitterly, " You'..
I.s it you who disgrace our honor by casting oil' your uniform at the bidding of a girl,
and stic-ik and hideaway from your enemy,
instead of lacing 'hem like a man���and
worse tli ni all, let a woman meet danger I.i
your sake I liut-. lay, thou shalt escape
those eivsed Prussians yet, where they can
not touch thee I"
An.! aa i.e spoke t heae words, before they
knew what he was about, or could stir a-
step to p.'went him, old Lemonnier bad
snatched dov n his gun and fired it for the
first tint* siice the day of Waterloo. There
was a tremendous -eport which echoed
through the room, a cloud of smoke rolled
up to the black oak beams, and his son Antoine lay i lead upon the floor '
Even the hard German sergeant's heart
was to' "hed w.th pity as he looked upon
tragic ��� ne���the old man sunk upon his
kuecs, I.i whito head bowed down : the
girl in her strange garb sobbing out a breaking he.n ovor her lover's corpse.
"Forward!" he said very softly to his-
men | " we can do no good here. One pris
oner has t. oape.l us after all I"
Gibraltar and Spain-
The Gibraltar of to-day can only be \A-
dialed bj the good-will of .Spain. If we
were, mil appily, at war with Spain and desired to victual lhe place, we should first
have to silence the Spanish batteries round
the bay, nn 1 il thoie were construoted as
modern science enables thenito he constrict-
ed, wc certainly could not silence them unless we Lm.led, ind, by slow and laborious
method.-, captured them. This would practical!) involve an invasion of Spain on a
oomparativelv ' ..-. scale, for until wo had
mil) offe '.ed ou. ijjCiit, Gibraltar wouid
have to ra Ip unrelieved, in'.he last century reli i from seaward could only be ] *e-
vented by way of the sea ; in the present.
it. .'an also be prevented by way of tlie land.
Thus have the modem developments of gun-
nery alt red the situation to our prejudice,
It may, perhaps, be objected that although Gibraltar might I s - :ci ���.: to us as
against Spain, it would still, in v.ar lime,
��� ���<��� ii.--fi;l :������ -< as i._-,,ii,-t any other power,
it certainly might be useful to a very modi-
fled extent, It is. nevertheless, a matter ni
riety tl in Spain ardently desires to re-
>.:���! j. >"es: oi the fortress, and it is
ivable that, unless wo wore
actually tl;' i ig tor the proti , m of Span
ish Interest , Spa n ������������ . a rigidly
neutral whilo anothei p iwi r n is attempting
to expel i-.. from die Rock, in ordei to
secure tin more or leas i tive o-operation
- 3] iii. the p iwei would - relj I. ivo to
:.."��� Bonn   ���    il ,<   Ige that, having once
1] Qibl   ll ir,   -':���    w mid
handi i i ..'.i-In it ..ge, to n^ ancient
bwnors, Fran te, there Is no do ibt, wonld,
'���;; things si inding as thej do il pn sent,
bo very ���:. . I I see Spall '. A' i ir place
there, .ml, though It ily might not liko it,
iho would ne spend a single centesimo to
prevent It,   . [fie Fortnightly Rcviow.
I'raiimi Un Host Brilliant Dusluess Man
in the Congo Valley.
The career of Camillo Deloommiine, who
died on the Upper Congo in December last,
illustrates the tact that some white men are
able to make splendid opportunities for
themselves even in tropical Africa. Ten
yeara ago he went to the Congo at a small
salary to be the agent of a trading company
at one of their stations, Nine years later
he was the director of tlie Society of the
Upper Congo, had more than forty trading
stations under his direction, and, from a
commercial point of view, was tlie most
important white man on the river. Fourteen
steamboats are engaged exclusively in the
transportation service of this company,
whose stations are seatterd along the Congo
and its tributaries for thousands of miles.
Delcommune established all oi il-.ese stations
on the upper river.
Delcommune went to the Cougo when hc
Was 22 years old on a salary ni :mly about
$700 and his rations. He died when he
was only 88 years old, and the salary he
then commanded would be considered as
representing brilliant success in any commercial oentreof the world,
One reason for his success was his unbounded enthusiasm and his faith in tho
future of thc much-decried t.'ongooounlry.
In one of his letters he wrote: " The trade
that can be developed in lhe I'pper Congo
Valley is almost incalculable." In another
letter he said : " Any degree of success may
be attained here by men of enterprising
character and of dauntless determination to
achieve their purposes,"
Delcommune was that sort of a man. Had
he lived he would have become wealthy.
He had already won a fair competency when
he died. Men like him cannot be suppressed. Put them iu the desert of Sahara and
they would find some way to make money.
He was the first European to buy ivory
on the Upper Congo. Somehow or other,
not even physical obstacles could defeat
him. Explorers had tried in vain to take
their steamers through the Zongo rapids of
the Mohangi River. He was thelirst to make
the passage when he planted his stations
on the Mobangi in 1891, The missionaries
say no other man of such activity, push,and
vigilance has ever been seen on the Congo.
He had great tact in dealing with the
nathes, and they all liked him. He was a
strict disciplinarian, and held his white
subordinates to a rigid accountability. They
had to make money for thc company or get
He launched most of the fleet of steamers
that he controlled. He did not hesitate,
however, to push inland, away from tho
rivers, when he believed there was a good
prospect of opening a profitable ivory and
rubber trade. Iu two months, a while ago,
he travelled 000 miles along tortuous and
narrow native paths, studying the prospects
of commercial development, at a distance
from the rivers,
During his ten years' service be visited
Europe only once, and was away from bis
field of work but a few mouths. His vigor
and energy never became impaired, and he
knew how to keep well in a trying climate,
and yot his death seems to have been due
to an indiscretion. While standing bj the
grave of one of his subordinates, he removed his hat to make a few remarks. He received a sunstroke, fever followed, and he
died in a few days, lamented by all the
white men on the Congo as the most brilliant man of business whose talents had
been developed in that region, His brother Alexander is a well-known Congo explorer.
Biisaiiin (on vlcli on (lie Way lo Siberia
Ovrrlnkeii by n Snowstorm.
Details have been received at St. Petersburg of a sad loss of life among a band of
convicts bound for the prisons of Siberia,
The band numbered in all three hundred
and seventy-four persons, including a large
number of persons sentenced lo exile for
political crimes. In accordance with the
custom the convicts were marching to their
various destinations. They had spent the
niglit iu Tomsk, Western Siberia, and continued Iheir journey early in tlie morning.
A snowstorm was prevailing, and whon six
hours' march from Tomsk the storm had
become eo severe that all the roads were
obliterated, Chained together, the convicts
struggled on until gradually the weaker ones
ff i in the deep snow, dragging the stronger
ones down with them. Despite the efforts
of the Cossack guards tlio exhausted people
could make no attempt In save themselves
and they were abandoned to,freeze to death,
while the others were driven forward, those
in charge of them hoping to gel them in
shelter. The storm continued to increase
in violence, and the travelling became worse
and worse. Now and then prisoners would
drop by the wayside, whero they would
icon be covered by the rapidly falling and
drifting snow. When the guards managed
to get what few remained of their charges
to a place of safety they found that of the
,'t"4 pfraona they had started with ouly 111
survive.. Sixty two of ihosc who had perished wcre political prisoners. Among those
lost were Madame La/amv, six other women, and four children,
Bridget's Rebuff.
A lad) had been ill and under lrcdicnl
treatment for a long time. As she grew no
better all the while, she became distrustful
of he.- physioian'a skill and did not wish to
se' him, and yet was not hold enough to tell
him so, She communicated her state of
li. .    t ��� her maid.
' I. .vn 'im to ire-, mil:!., lave 'im to me?"
said lhc girl.
Uy and by the doctor c;imo to the door
and Bridgol opened it about an inch.
" Sorry, sir," said bIic, "but yo can't
come in ihe day, doclhor I"
"Can't come in': llov. s tlmt ."
" The misthresa do be too ill for to see
ye tl . day, sir!"
The Science of it-
"Ai h, thin. Pal, do yez rally think the
wor-i-i 1.1 is as round as t;..t!"
" Av coorsc I do."
���' Thin phwat 1 cant get though my
shkull is, pliwhy the folks on the unther
snide don't fall InloahpaccI"
" Ve.- make me toired 1'
" Well, but phwhy is it, I ax yez';"
"God has given llieiu common  sense,
man aloivi., uu' they simply howld ou I"
A Tale OfBriliall Valor III (lie fare offer
tain I'liilli.
In a letter to the Weekly Scotsman of
March I Mr. James Mure Forbes, of Cape
Town, gives some interesting quotations
from Howler's "Kaffir Wars' and British
Settlers in South Africa" and Thomson's
"Comprehensive History of England,"
which describe the spot and tell the story
of the disaster.   Bowler says:
"Cape Point the dreadful 'Cape of
Slorms,' is a scene of wild and desolate
grandeur. The African continent property
terminates in a low, sandy beach known as
the'Cape Flats,' which have during long
ages boen thrown up by the two contrary
prevailing winds and tides, and stretch out
into the sea, connecting what was evidently once an island with the mainland, Thi?
island is nothing more than a long, narrow
strip of mountainous coast, stretching right
across and beyond the Flats, in form not
unlike a huge pickaxe, tho one arm of
which consisting of the Devil's Peak, Table
Mountain, and the Lion's Rump, incloses
Table Bay, while the other arm, stretching
far out into the sea, and terminating in the
bold, precipitous promontory of Capo Point,
forms the one side of tlie wide inviting, but
dangerous.False Bay, Cape Point though not
the mo3t southerly is generally regarded as
the extreme end of the continent. On thc
summit of the outermost crag, overhanging
the sea, a very fine lighthouse, with very
powerful revolving reflectors, has beeu
" Leaning out of one of the windows of
the lantern, the awed spectator gazes
straight down into an abyss of dark rocks
and tumbling waters, and sees the flash of
tho wings and hoars the screams of the sea
fowl, wheeling in the horrid gloom a thousand foet below. During a Btrong southeaster the surf breaks and boils and roars
for a mile out to sea, aa it dashes with mad
fury over the Bellows and other remarkable
"The Birkenhead, freighted with 500
soldiers on their way to the Kaffir war,
steamed past Cape Point in a few hours before she struck on Point Danger. The memory of the fearful ship-wreck, on the 20th
of February, 1852,is still fresh in the minds
of all who treasure deeds of daring, courage, and devotion. It is afitting tribute to
the gallantry of the British Army to picture
hero the scene of a brave a battle as was
ever fought, against a worse enemy than
Thomson says: "This vessel was convoying detachments from several of our regiments to the seat of war under Lieut. Col.
Alexander Seton, Seventy-fourth Highlanders, (who had succeeded to the command on the death of Col. Fordyce), and
had proceeded on her voyage from Simon's
Bay, when she suddenly struck upon a
sunken rock near tbe shore, off Point Danger. The shoik was so tremendous that
the iron plates of the ship's bottom gave
way, the cabin was quickly filled with
water, and it was evident that in a few
minutes more the ship would be engulfed
among the bnakers.
" It was yet only 2 o'clock iu the morning, with no light but that of thc stars; but
in an instant the deck was crowded with
the alarmed passengers, and while death
was imminent, ouly two of the ship's boats
were available for service. To rush into
the boats, at the risk of swamping them,
would have been the impulse of the selfish ;
to fling themselves into tbe sea in the hope
of reaching the shore, but only to sink each
other by their overcrowding and perish in
the breakers and by the sharks that were on
the alert, would havo been the headlong attempt even of the bravest,
" But nothing of the kind in cither way
was done, and never was the power of military disipline, or the worth of fearless, unflinching courage, or the moral grandeur of
self-sacrificing devotedness moro conspicuously displayed than in the moment of terrible trial,
" At the word of Col. Seton thc soldiers
drew up upon thcreelingand looseningdeck.
as if they had been on parade; they obeyed
hia orders as if thoy had beeu executing the
usual movements of the drill. The brave,
humane heart of the Colonel was first directed to the safety of those who could least
help themselves���and whoso fate would
otherwise have been certain���to tlio women,
the children, and the sick on board, and
they were carefully conveyed into the boats,
which, in tbe first instance, wore given up
for thslr special benefit ; and by this arrangement all the helpless woro saved with
out a single exception, And now only were
the s'.rong and vigorous tu look to their own
safety, after they had so nobly discharged
their duty to others, and while several betook themselves to swimming, or committed themselves to a piece of floating timber,
the vessel parted amidships and went down
with lho greater part of the officers and
soldiers, with whom self-prcseivation had
been only the latest subject of anxiety.
"In this fatal catastrophe 357 ollbers
and soldiers and (JO seamen perished, while
nearly 200 lives were saved, and this, too,
in a crisis where.but for these arrangements
and the fidelity with which they wero executed, nearly all might have been lost,
'lhesc soldiers also, bo it observed, were
uot veterans, but for the most part young
recruits who had never been under lire, and
yet they calmly stood in a breaoll moro
dismaying than liudajnz or San Si bastian
and saw the boats, their last,hope of safely,
depart from them without a murmur,"
A mural tablet was erected by Government al Chelsea Hospital hearing the following Inscription i " This monument is
erected by command of her Majesty Queen
Victoria to record the heroic constancy und
unbroken discipline shown by Lieut. Col,
Solon, Seventy-fourth Highlanders, and
the troops embarked under his command on
hoard the Birkonhoad, when thai vessel
was wrecked oil' tho Capo of Good Hope en
the-'(lib February, 1S52, and to preaorve
the memory of the olliccrs, non-con
ed officers, and men who porished on that
A Human One ofllie SunVrera of n 'lonl'i
ef Hardship on ihe I'acilic,
Capt. Peterson of the bark Lady Limpson,
his wife, and live seamen arrived in Honolulu recently in an emaciated condition. They
came in an open boat only eighteen feet
long, and reported that they had beeu
twenty-eight days tossing about on the Pacific. While the occupants of the frail craft
were not entirely without provisions during
their long battle with the elements, the effects of short commons and lack of sleep
and shelter were palpably apparent, Mrs.
Peterson, who was clad in a thin black
gown, was worn nearly to a shadow, and
her strength tailed her completely as she
was lifted trom the boat and taken to an
Thc men were sunburned, leaden eyed,
and listless, Their heads drooped, ami it,
was with difficulty thai they would be got
to speak, but Capt. Peterson told in a few
words that the Lady Lampson had been
wrecked al night on a reef near Taimyr*
Island when forty-four days out from Sydney, and the crew were compelled to take
to the boats, Ho was very weak, and
spoke in a whisper, al the same limo begging that his wife be taken where she
could get nourishment and a lit.le rest.
Tho Kanakas len! willing hands to help
the waifs nt ihe ocean into hacks and car-
rlagea,andthey woroquickly driven to whore
they could command attention. The little
boat in which they had journeyed over
1,000 miles became an object of interest for
hundreds of people. It was partly decked
with oanvas,and strips of the same materia!
had been stretched above the gunwale on
either side to prevent her being swamped.
In the boat were a couple of nearly empty
water kegs and a small quantity of biscuit
and canned goods.
"I haven't had my clothes off for twenty-
eight days," said Capt. Peterson when seen
at the hotel. He was hollow-cheeked and.
unshaven and looked indeed as if he had
suffered both mentally and physically.
"The Lady Lampson," he said, " was from
Sydney, and we were bound to this port
with 000 tons of coal for Wilder & Co. We
left Sydney last November and were forty-
four days out when the vessel struck. We
had had bad weather near Fiji, having
been in a hurricane for twenty-four hours,
but after that we had fine north-east winds
until we got near Palmyra Island, when
the weather became dirty. It was D:30
o'clock on the morning of Jan. 10 when we
struck, I had not had an observation for
two days. The night had been dark and
stormy, but the water was smooth then. I
knew I was to the east of the island, and
that there was a sunken reef somewhere
around. I was on deck myself, aud had
two men on the lookout aloft. There is a
strong westerly current there, and I guess
we were going about live knots an hour
with all sail set.
" Five minutes after she struck she began to break up,aud I ordered the boatsout
We lowered the two boats. I took charge
of ono and First Mate Hairy Miller took
the other. In my boat there were, besides
my wife and myself, Second Mate C. Brown
and Seaman W. Carloon (both Swedes),
Cabin Boy W. Hayden of Liverpool, F.
Veller the cook, who is a German, and E.
Everson, a Norwegian sailor. The mate's
boat contained a German sailor named Snyder, Oscar Magnersen, a Swede: J. Jorgeu-
sen, a German, and a seaman named Martin.
" We started from Palmyra Island in company about 7 in the morning, having only
i fivo gallons of water for the two boats. The
I island is only forty miles from thc reef, but
I the current and tide were so strong that we
were trying for nine days to make headway
I against them, but couldn't.    We drifted to
I the westward, so I resolved to put back to
' the bark.   We  suffered  greatly through
j want of water, and we had barely enough
to moisteu our tongues, which were swollen
. un 1 dry,
" We found the bark settling down and
the water washing over her, ao we got
aboard quickly and put some canned goods,
biscait, and water into the boats. We rigged the boats with canvas and then started
again for Palmyra Island, We tried for
two days to make headway, but the heavy
swell am! wind baffled us. Thinking 1
would lose sigh! of the mate's boat, I told
him to steer ior Honolulu, and I steered for
here myself. We lost sight of lhe other
boat and hive had heavy gales ever since.
I have only had an hour's sleep at a time
during the day. and have never lain down.
At night the spray came over, wetting us
ail to ihe skin, and in tiie day we dried our
clothes iu the sun, if there was any. The
men have been quiet and uncomplaining,
even though on short allowance of food and
water, and, think goodness! we lost nobody
from our boat. It was a terrible experience, though, the worst 1 have met with
during fourteen years ol seafaring.
" After we passed the island of Maui we
struck a storm and the boat half filled with
water. We thought then it was all over
after passim.' through so many other dangers, but we managed to bail her out and
keep her right The first vessel we saw
since we struck, twenty-eight days ago, was
a steam schooner off Diamond Head this
morning. I hope thc mate's boat ii safe,
ami line steered to the eaatward 1 tliink
they an- all right."
Electric Weaving.
A story is going the roundsofa wondorful
elccliic loom which will weave the coarsest
carpet or finest linen. Il makes no noiscin
operating, as each shuttle and moving part
works Independently. The present power
looms run 110 to 180 picks per minute, but
thlscontrlvance easily picks 250 toDOO a minute, Altogether it is very wonderful, but
no details of its construction or data of
practical tests of its workings have yet been
made public.
iDrnnkcn Jllner Hunter* tlla Wife and
Sinter In-law, anil < uii a Babe,
A ih s-patch from All i, ia,, says:���A
ih .- j* ti iged* i i- - :-��� ! st Site-
man, i mining town near this placo, William i"i izior was a drunki n miner living
with l,i iv i(   nd babcatt A fow
i.e. ag | on account ol zici di inken-
ness, his wife, t iking In I m u i
nen' to Elil man to stay with her si ter,
Mrs, St ,,; I - Mond y ��� ���..... 1 - lioi
e-ii-.i i to this place and yes   rdaj morning
he weni      !i   im ...   ii          In
Smith house and with ml i �� - I plungi d a
knife into In- v. fi    heart,       I imost
instantly. '>li;. Smith, ; earing the d -
turbam e in thc i nn the
kitchen, win n Frazier, wi i the i ry of a
1. mon,   pi ing ipon I -    knifo
to thi liill inl -     lied in a few
minute-.   Frazier I rly aevered one
leg from tin body ol . id   ;. II
in other plai es, Frazii i waa capt ired two
miles fruiii here and lynched bya moboi
Madge���"I'-' you prefer blonde ment"
Beatrice���" No: 1 prefer o'd gold���very
old and plenty oi gold I" TRO
��� I��� t\ T\ rnrnt m
The above town site is now on the market, and lots are being
rapidly bought up by local parties. It is situated at the north end of
Trout Lake, in the famous
which is going to be one of the RICHEST MINING REGIONS in
America. NUMEROUS RICH CLAIMS have been found close to this
town site, which will make it the DISTRIBUTING POINT for an
IMMENSE TRACT OP COUNTRY. It is the only level land at the
north end of the lake. The owners intend to expend money on streets
and other improvements in the Spring. The trail from Lardeau City,
on Arrow Lake, to Kootenay Lake, runs through the town site. For
the NEXT THIRTY DAYS corners will be sold at $150 and insides
For further particulars apply to
at the Head Office, Nelson, B.C., or to
Local Agent,


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