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The Kootenay Star Jan 7, 1893

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Array ���imw iii ��� ������������i
No. 30.
Is hereby given, that nt the next
session of the Legislature of British
Columbia application will bo made
for nn Aet to incorporate a company
for the purpose of constructing, operating and maintaining n linn or railway,
standard or narrow gauge, tlie motive
power being either steam or electric,
commenoing at Lardeau City, situate
at, the head of the North East Arm of
Upper Arrow Lake, thenoe through
Lardeau Bass to somo point on the
North West shore of Lake Koolenay,
with power lo extend to Nelson, and
with power to construot, equip, maintain nnd operate a braiieh from the
said proposed lino from snid Lardeau
City in a northerly direotion along the
course of the Incomapplenx River, or
Fish Creek, to some point or points
near the headwaters of the same, with
power to build, maintain and operate
branch lines from any point, or points
ou Ihe main lino or branoh lines to
nny adjacent mine or mines, and with
power to build wharves nnd docks,
mid erect and maintain telegraph and
telephone lines and all necessary works,
builiiings.pi pes.poles,wires,appliances
or conveniences necessary or proper
for the generating and transmitting
of electricity or power within the area
above desorioed.
Dated this Uth day of Novomber,
A.D. 1892,
Solicitors for the Applicants.
0. & H. LEWIS,
Catered for,
R. Tapping,
Carpenter, Builder
And General Contractor.
Manufacturer ot
Boats, Sleighs & Toboggans.
Orders promptly Ailed.
Beautifully situated on tlio Lake
shore at the entrance to the best and
shortest road to the Sloean mines and
New Denver, The best fishing aud
bunting in the district, with grand
boating and sketching facilities Cor
tourists and artists.'
Tiik Bah is supplied with the
Best brands of wines,liquors
and cigars.
The accommodations of the Hotel are
of the best.
A. 11, HOLDICf,
Assayer andajAnalytacal Chemist.
If E V E ii ti T 0 K E ,     B .   ( .
Nearly seven years assayer nl IMorfa
Works, Swansea, and lor over s-vbuleeii
years chief analyst to Wigan Coal ,v tron
(Jo., Wigan.
Assnys and analyses of every dfltt rip
lion undertaken on the most reasonable
Special experience in coal, coke, iron,
(erro-manganese, steel, silver, copper,
lead and zinc.
B I! T C 11  rj U S
Stockholm  House
The Dining-room is furnished with the
best the market uffords.
The bar is supplied with a choice slock
of wines, liquors and cigars,
The largest and most central Hotel in
the city ; good accommodation ; everything new ; table well supplied ; bar and
billiard room attached ; lire proof safe,
(!��� P. B*. HOTEL
F. McCarthy   -
First-class Temperance House.
Board and Lodqinu $5 Per Week.
MEALS, 2">C.      r.Klis 25o,
This hotel is situated convenient to the
station, is  comfortably furnished,  and
affords first class aooommodation.
Atlantic Express, arrives 10.10 daily.
Pacific        " "     16,52   "
Cheapest, most reliable ami safe
routo to Montreal, Toronto, St. Paul,
Chicago, New York and Boston.
Bates !>r> to IjilO lowor than any other
other route,
Specially fitted'Colonist Cars, in
chargo of a Porter, for the accommodation of Passengers holding second
class tickets, Passengers booked to
aud from all European points at
Lowest Rates.
Low Freight Hates. Quick despatch, Merchants will savo money
by having their freight routed  via
he O.P.R.
Full and reliable information given
by applying to    D, K. BROWN,
Assl, (len'l Freight Ag't, Vnoouvor,
or to I. T. I3KEWSTRR,
Ag't C. P. K. Depot, Rovelstoke.
t i i
Kipaiis Tnhulosouro had breath.
J{i|ians Tabulos cure biliousness,
i Ripans Tabulos: lor sour stoinaoh.
&a B x %?Xk��\ M x U iti
Boots & Shoes made to
Harness Leather Kept in* Stock.
Royal Mail Lines.
Proposed Sailings from Halifax.
SARDINIAN ..Allan Line... Dec. 10
NUMIDIAN " ... Dec. 21
PARISIAN "        ...Juu. 7
LABRADOR.Dominion Line.. Dec. 6
VANCOUVER "        ... Dee. 17
S.U'NIA         "       ... Deo, 81
From New York.
TEUTONIC... White Star ... Nov. 30
BRITANNIC "       ... Dec. 7
MAJESTIC "        ... Dec. 11
Cabin $10, 815, 850, SCO, ��70, ��80 upwards.
Intermediate, $23; Steerage, ��20.
Passengers ticketed through to all
points in Great Britain and Ireland, and
at specially low rates lo all parts of Iho
European continent.
Prepaid passages arranged from all
Apply to nearest steamship or railway
agent; to
I. T, Brewster,
Agent, Rkvt'.stoke;
or to Robert Kehii, General Passenger
Agent, Winnipeg.
Mr. II. .T. Bourne, J.P., returned to
town on Wednesday from a visit to the
The snowfall at Revelstoke this winter
np to tho 31st December was 7ft. 8%in.
No snow has fallen sii.ee that, date,
Owing to the. wet weather the watch
nigiit service at the Methodist church
lust Saturday night was pooily attended.
Eight large guu carriages sent out
from England for the Esquimalt navy
yard passed through ou the C.P.R. last
The Rev. C. Ladner will preach tomorrow in the Methodist Church,
morning at 10.80, evening at 7.30, All
are cordially invited.
Bourne Dims, have just received from
St, Paul, Minn., a carload of Standard
Co.'s coal oil. The same firm brought
in IS carloads of merchandise during
the year.
There is a boulder of galena in the
Slooan Star claim which weighs 122
tons, by measurement, and assays ISUoz.
silver to the ton, aud is consequently
worth abont ��20,000.
Messrs. II. Abbott and R, Marpole, of
the C.P.R , arrived here in their private |
car on Wednesday and left next day for I
Donald.   Mr. Abbott is ou Iiis way to
Montreal to  confer with  headquarter
Tho fortnightly danoe of the Quadrille
(lub took place on Thursday eveuing, j
there being about forty present. As,
however, the majority of them had attended the New Vein's dance the preceding night it was just a little slow,
The finest, completes*; and latest line ol Electrical upnllnncosln the world. Thoy have nevee
fa ited to cure. We aro so positive of it lhat wn
will baok onr belief ami send yen any Electrical
Appliance now in theinarketandycu cur. try It
for Three Mouths. Largos! iisf ct testimonials
en enrtli. Send for buek unci journal F'reo.
IV. T, SSiier & < <>., IV'iuNor, Out.
Mr. D. E Drown, of the C.l'.R,, who
left Vancouver six months ago for China,
and Japan on business for the company,
returned to this country last week. After
visiting the C, P. R, headquarters, at
Montreal, Mr. Drown will visit Australia. Tt is supposed his visit has some
connection w'th the proposed lino of
steamships between the island continent
and Vancouver.
The Monitor, a new w< okly published
in Vancouver, made its first appearance
on the hist day of the year.   Il is edited i
by Mr. W. J. Gallagher, late of the ;
Teh gram.    The Monitor will fill the I
blank caused  by  tho   collapse of   the
Telegram, and promises to continue the j
same patriotic policy as that journal.
It is a six-column eight-page, well got
up, newsy and readable.    Wo wish it
Th nigh tho soil nf Virginia grows the
best tobacco leaf in the world it does
nol all grow equal qualities. The pro- |
dnotion even of adjoining counties is
often quite different, the one producing
leaf which at once deteriorates if grown
in the other. The leaf of the "Myrtle
Navy" is tho product of the choice
sections of the State, which, through
some combination of local influences,
produce n better quality than any others.
This is shown by its always commanding a higher price than any other
smoking leaf.
Numerous snowlides have occurred in
tho mountains both east and west of
Revelstoke during the past week, delaying trains for many hours. This is on
account of lho warm, moist weather we
havo had hit. ly. On Sunday and Monday
big slides came away near Clanwilliam,
and gangs of men had cleared the track
and wero on their way hack to Revelstoke when they were recalled by telegraph to'clear away another, This was
barely oompleted before news came ot a
mighty avalanche,between Donald ami
Glaoier, which orushed in a snowshed
shortly after noon on Monday, blocking
the passage of the i'acilic Express,which
arrived ou the scene half an hour afterwards. Later on the Atlantic Express
arrived and came to a standstill at the
other end of the obstruction, The snow
plough was sent ont and nil the available
men between Kamloops and Revelstoke
telegraphed for, the employes at the
Tnppen Siding sawmill being gathered
in, the whole force numbering close on
800, Bill before I hey reached Kevelstoke word was received that, Ihe snow
plough had chared the line. On Wednesday another big slide occurred a
short distance east of Illceillcwncl, delaying the westbound train 20 hours.
T. h B.
In Bronze Letters.
Burglary al Revelstoke,
Last Sunday (New Year's Day)
Mr. Hun,!', oi C, F>. Hume k Co,,
locked tip th*fltnro uml went t'i supper about six o'clock. On his return
two hours later he was surprised to
tiud tin hack door open, and on u
closer inspection he discovered lliut
it had been forced from the outside.
lie, went to the drawer in which the
till is kept, and found it broken open
and the money gone. Next he ex
amined the safe, with a like result.
Altogether the sum taken amounted
to h' Uveen AAO and ��215,    The sale
had a combination lock, and w hoover
took Ihe money must have hud a
knowledge of its working. This
narrowed the list of suspects considerably, anil Mr. Hume's suspicions
at once fell on a young mau who had
had tree access to the store and ollice
and who had been greatly trusted hy
the members of the firm, This young
man was ,T. Ringer, who has been
working at tho saw mill for about a
year, and was looked upon hy everybody as a respectable, thrifty young
fellow, Oihcer Kirkup, who was a!
Illecillewaet, received a telegram
lhat nighl to inspect the passengers
on the train from Iievelstoke ; hut
thoro was only one, and that was not
Ringer. After the robbery Ihis exemplary young man, who was n
member of the Good Templar lodge,
went to church and joined iu the
service with as much spirit as if he
hud not had the proceeds of the
burglary iu his pocket. On his way
homo he passed .Hume's store in
company with Mr. M. David, bookkeeper at' the mill, who was called
a:-ide by Mr, Hume and informed of
the robbery and tho suspicious entertained against Ringer.
When Mr Kirkup camo home on
Monday he found he could not arrest
tho young man on such slight
grounds, and told Mr Hume ho
could gel a search warrant, but this
Mr, Hume declined tn do. Oh
Tuesday at the mill Mr.' David, hy a
clever ruse worthy of a detective,
drew a confession from Ringer that
ho was tho culprit. The upshot of it
was that they went, to Messrs. Hume
k Oo , whero Ringer handed back
��210.75, expressed the deepest sor
row, and begged to be forgiven.
Having no ueed or desire tn prose
cute now that Ihe money was refunded, they lot him go. Ue took
the track westward, and as Ollicer
Kirkup left hist evening on the westbound train there is a general belief
lhat he is gone after Ringer, It is
a great, pity the young man wont
astray and a great surprise to the
community, as his conduct and appearanoe led everyone lo believe in
iiis integrity. He told Air. Hume
lie did not know what led him to do
it, but he was tempted all at once.
lint it is very evident the robbery
had been planned beforehand, for it
must have taken considerable labor
and several visils to have ma 'c himself acquainted with the secret of
the combination lock, and the time
chosen for tbe deed would lead one
to believe that he wns in hiding near
the premises waiting for Mr. Hume's
departure. Thc least" sentence for
burglary is two years' hard labor.
New Year's Dunce.
Some places aro noted for one
thing, some for another. Revclsloke
is becoming noted for its pleasant
dancing reunions. It was ouly a
week after the brilliant fancy dress
bull given by the bachelors, liut
nevertheless there was a huge attendance, especially of ladies, at the,
New Year's dance in Peterson's Hall
on Wednesday evening, One or two
novelties were introduced in the
program mo, which included only ten
items, nnd nfter these were gone
through anyone who so desired could
call for his or her favorite dance, and
the plan was so popular that the
"extras'' numbered more Hum lhe
original programme. The "Firemen's Dunce," although new to
nearly all present, proved a general
favorite, while one or two other old"
fashioned dances caused a good deal
of mirth, especially the " Finger
Polka," The feature of the evening was lhe large number of ladies
present, it being difficult at times
for them nil to find partners, lor
although the gentlemen slinhtly preponderated, a lew of them were non-
daiicers, This is reversing lhe usual
order of things in this town ; in fuel,
it is tlie first lime since ihe inauguration of the Quadrille Club that ihe
ladies lmvo been in anything liko
equal proportion lo the gentlemen,
A great number came from tho
station, ailtl each und nil expressed
iheuiselvcs as being highly pleased
with the ariiingeiueiils. Not a suspicion of unpleiisanlnesK marred the
enjoyment, Everybody knew even-
body else, and all seemed to enter
into the jnllily of the occasion with a
:',est which left no room lor anything
nuiowni'il or unpleasant, It ivas two
o'clock when one of tin; mosi enjoy*
aide parties ever held in the town
broke up. Mr, F, W. Wilson wus a
most ellicient M.C. and lhe music
supplied by Messrs. W. M. Iirown
and J. F. Ahlin was excellent.
C. P. li. Work   in  West
Supt. Abbott, of the C.P.R.1,'in an
interview with a Colonist .reporter
recently, said his company would
probably be very active in the Kootenay district during the coming year.
Some remarkable mining ground has
been discovered during the present
season, nolnbiy so in the Siocau nnd
Lardean. In the latter, n short distanco Irom Lardeau City, at tho
head of the arm ef the Upper Arrow
Lake, are tlie Great Northern and
Haskins groups of mines, besides
several others iu the neighborhood.
The Great Northern is probably tho
largest body of galena ore yet discovered. It is 111) feet iu width, aud
has been located for a long di-tutice.
It iB cross-cut naturally in a couple
of places by sudden depressions,
which amply demonstrate the remarkable width of the ledge. This
property has been secured by the
Rockefellers, and a party representing them were only prevented from
reaching tho mines a few weeks
ago by a sudden fall of snow.* The
mines of Lardean and Fish Creek
will uaturally send their ore to the
North-east Arm for shipment. Mr.
Abbott looks for a great development
of this uow district uext summer.
What tho intentions of the C. P. R.
wero in tho way of railway construction he oould uot say until bis return from Montreal.
pDoitbless Mr. Abbott alludes to
the visit last November of Messrs.
Blackburn and Bluett, of Seattle,
who went down to examiuo the Great
Northern ledge in company with one
of tho owners, but after getting within two miles of it they were compelled to turn back on account of a
snowstorm. Mr. Bluett, wbo is a
very wealthy miuing mau, is buying
on his own account, and had it nut
beeafor the snow there is very littlo
doubt thai the deal would havo boen
consummated some time ago. As
soon as it is possible to reach tho
ledgo Mr. Bluett will go and examine it.���Ed. Staii.]
Ten tons of galena sent to tbeTa-
coma smelter from the Dardanelles
mine, Sloean, yielded an average of
over $100 por ton,
A St. Louis firm has just, forwarded
27,000 oro Backs to the Freddie Lee
ai d Idaho mines, in the Sloean���the
biggest order the firm has ever tilled.
This is some criterion pf the quantity of ore to be shipped out this
Mr. T. Steed, one of our leading
violinists, went to Kumloops on
Thursday to play nt the Firemen's
Ball, but on his arrival he found his
services wero not required. It appears that some mistake occurred in a
telegram sent to Kamloops accepting
lhe invitation tn play. The least the
firemen's committee can do is to refund Mr. Steed's out of pocket expenses.
Is hereby given, that application
will be mude to the Parliament of
Canada, nl its next session, for au Aet
to incorporate a Company for the purpose of coustruotiug, equipping, maintaining uud operating a line of railway from some point ou the Upper
Arrow Lake at or near Ihe town of
Nukusp to some point, nt or near tho
forks of Carpenter Creek, in the District of West Kooteuay, with power
lo extend to Bear Lake and to Cody
Creek, nnd to construct, maintain,
equip and operate branch lines, and
'dso to construct and operate telegraph and telephone lines iu connection with the said railway, together
with the usual powers to acquire
lands, privileges, bonuses or aids from
the Dominion or Provincial Govern"
monts, and to make traffic and other
arrangements with railway, steamboat
and other companies, and for all other
usual and necessary powers, rights and
Dated this 211th day of December,
A.D. 1892.
Solicitors for the Applicants.
Is hereby given, that application
will he made I., 1 lu- Legislative As
seinbly of ihe Provin f  British
Columbia, al iis next session, for nu
Act lo ii rpornte a Company with
power io construot, e.juip, maintain
and operate a Railway from a point
ul or near lie townsite of Cascade
(ily, Osoyoos Division or Vale Dis-
iriei, theuoe northerly along the east
shore ol Chrisliun Lake, thenco norlh-
e.isierly lo lhe right bank of tho
Columbia River: thence along sod
bank to Trail Creek ; with power to
build branch liuee to a point on the
present line of the Kootenny ami Nelson Railway at or near Robson, and
lo any mine or mines adjacent to the
line ol Railway; to build wharves and
d mki. erect, maintain and operato
tolegrnph and telephone lini b,
I Mted this 3rd dav of January,
k CAMPBELL. Experiences in tlio Jungles oi Siam-
Aim One FcolBlVlieil One Sera n l-'rr.li Tiger
Track���A Royal fictile and u Seared
lii.,1 ate���Ji  Native <����ialt-  Carried
Away by n JIuii-lliKcr.
"Tigers aro still numerous in the bamboo jungles of Siam," says a traveller.
" Tlio ferocious beasts destroy many human
lives every year. They appear lo he fonilor
of the flesh nf tho natives than any other
kind of human food, Al least, thu is the
prevailing belief among thc inhabitants of
the tiger districts. The Blight bamboo
houses in which the natives of the interior
livo afford but little protection from the
dangerous animals, and these terrors oi the
jungle sometimes make an attoek ou a remote village and cany fall-grown men
with about as much case us a cat will bring
in from the field a captured young rabbit.
Tlio natives often build fires of a night
around tlicir houses to score away the tigers.
"I wns rash enough lo join a party on a
tiger hunt while in Siam. Wo had a line
outfit of gnus, ammunition and damping
supplies. Wo went a longdistance into the
interior of tho country, and then engaged
native guides to conduct oar party to a
place whore game was known to he plentiful.
"When wo reached a tiger jungle n good
camping place wns selected, some natives
lelt iu charge of oar supplies, and the hunt
"A bamboo jungle Is a strange product
of nature. The cane-like stalks grow in
huge hunches, and often attain lhc height
of mil feel. From one common root hundreds of bamboo stalks will sprout, making
nn impenetrable bunch of graceful shatls,
whose trips vibrato to the loach of the gentlest breeze, The .swaying tops of the bamboo stalks mako a kind of music Hint is vory
delightful. Something liko thc melody of
the Siamese jungle may be heard in the pine
forests ol Canada when the wind is blowing
a moderate breeze.
deepen the gloom of the jangle, westationed
a native watch near the hanging meat to
announce to us the approach of game. The
Siamese to whom was assigned this perilous
post took n position in plain view of tho bait
und waited for developments, while the rest
of the party went into camp and kept quiel
to avoid searing away the game. All was
still around the camp for some time. We
listened eagerly foi the signal from om
watch outside, hoping to get a shot at n
tiger before bedtime. We were beginning
to get impatient when a cry of terror in the
direction of the bait broke the stillness of
the night a-n'. called each man in the camp
to his feel. We knew that frantic scream
meant more than the appearance of game.
Our watch had beon attacked by sone1
savage beast. Seizing our guns, the
entire party rushed out of the camp
and ran toward the sound of distress. We
were too late, reaching thc into post of oar
watch just in time to see a powerful tiger
dragging the helpless man into the jungle.
Before tt shot could bo fired tho beast and
his human prey had disappeared in the
shadows, and the fainter cries of our faithful watch told the progress of lhc horrid
tragedy. The tiger had approached our
bait, and perhaps startled tho Siamese
watch, whom i'. seized before he could escape
to the camp.
"Thc remainilerof thatnlght was gloomy
enough. Wo did not watch the hail, after
this allocking event, hut nil returned lo the
oamp and rested on our arms till morning,
when 1 announced that 1 had no further
ambition lo explore a tiger jungle, and our
parly at once started hack to Rangkok.
"After wo had hunted for some time
���yithout finding any game, 1 left the party
and struck out alone through tho junglo, following a narrow path tlmt meandered among
the stools of the towering bamboo dusters,
1 had a good breech-loading gun, ami felt
equal to un encounter with any boast of the
wilds. 1 had never mettt tiger ill his native
haunts, ami thought! would like to kill one
of the royal cats alone. I hail gone a considerable distance into thc deeper jungle
before anything of interest occurred. The
path 1 was traveling became more sandy,
and I watched closely foi- lhe tracks oi
game. When 1 had grown tpihe tired and
began to feel that a hunt in a Siamese jungle
was a very tame experience, my eyes fell
upon an impression in the path that thrilled
every nerve in my body. Tlierc at my feet
was a fresh tiirer track as large as that spittoon, Thc tiger had passed along lhc path
hut a few minutes before iny discovery. Thc
freshness of the track made that, fact certain. Well, f foil, queer, to desciibe my
sensa.ion in the mildest terms. All hunters
know something about tho buck ague, hut
the sight of a tiger track produced a vory
different emotion, 1 did not fee! any strong
inclination to moot tho boast that made that
track. I longed for company just then, nnd
wou bred where my late associates were. 1
did not follow Ihe lonely path any further
into the jungle, hut began at once to retrace
my steps.
" I had gone but a short distance hack
toward our camp when I   heard a Strange
md terrible commotion out in the jungle a
few rods from Iue path.   The crashing of
the bamboo, mingled with the mud trumpeting of an elephant and tho fierce growling
of  some   othcr   beast  made   in      pause
for a moment in horror.   A tcrribloconflict
w.is going on botween two or more denizens
of the jungle, hut 1 could not yet  see tho
combatants.   A  tornado  would   scarcely
have made a greater commotion in l    tl
boo fori st,   Itecovi ring in ��few -������ ond  my
presence of mind, 1 hurried ah ng the
to try to get h view of tho
had so suddenly broken I   i stillni
[Ic,   Soon the oponing lead n
the path revealed the s lei e of battle,   I In
the shouldoi - of i d m ih t was a
luigi) tige-,   with  teeth  and    laws
icd in ihe hide of th iged beast.      ���
the two itrugg ing
i i t'ger  ha
��� vidently tried       itch the
this ������. ,. : :        tack fr
not uiothoi     l'he elepham
efforts to shall
and flourishing
llul the feline hi       i w .
;;,     QJte    ifl
to dislodge it. So i     i spel
������ ��� ������      *ave w
own danger,    I tired a shot a
and withou
.... || en hit, 1
isty    treat,   i  ���   oot a   -.
��� ���     | .... ...        e animals, for ll
i     mtinu
il  ' in sas I tan ton u I ���      .mi.
PI!-       I
" I rejoined    ���    ��� npanioi i \
u   went b��i s I   the i<
.. 11 md I u '.��� ,' ��� eli phani tin
i 11 iet bad pe    i
tbe ut (ar into tli
j.- ended.
���   ��� ������!. lanti
y  ti (oi    n this wa;
upon tho shoulders of the p
m I, tho tiger be clav
iis pre;, and if not loon ih iken off on
omn ol i io blood     nel
���:   tot, oul death Hn 11;
iti iggle,   \\i i apt ired the  ill and took
thn young creature to our camp, where I
loft It In oharge of seme n ,���
havo  my prfie   tent to   Rangb
after I had left the jungle the young elephant died before lie- natives colli I I
to tho coast for shipment.
" Iiii* I have net reaohod tho end of
my tiger story. During the day the othor
members of thn hunting pare, had Men
many other tiger tracks, Wo km .'.��� i !�����(
(���ami Wis abundant In thli pat ol the
oountry. Onr plan now wai to go Into
camp and patent bn.it. frit- hungry cal i, expecting thai thSSOSnt ol fresh meal, would
attract ihom within gunshot during the
night,   Some ol the party had ihol .. wild
cow, and a quarter o' the animal w a hung
up a short distance from the oamp,   Our
gin let   nnd  native   hunters   knew    thai
���-, flush Bating croatnro near thn ��������� np
i ul this bill bafoi'8 midnight,
Affairs ia South Airiotv
Thc general Impression outside of Africa
created by Lord Randolph Churchill's famous letters, which, notwithstanding their
general triviality, contained striking and
strong views, mostly unfavorable, at least
to .Mashonaland, was that South Africa
was likely to prove the most unsatisfactory
ot all the ,'icnii-iiidopcnileutnatious founded
and fostered hy Eugland. Lord Randolph
had no hopes the Knglish and Dutch people
would ever truly unite, or that they could
be prosperous ns a nat ion in such a generally
unfertile country as South Africa if they
did, and he wholly condemned lieehuana-
laud and Mashonaland as a country, the
fertile parts ot which were so barren that
no European could live in them, and he
believed that the mines which were rich
enough to pay for workinc had heen worked out in ages long gone by. The failure
of Mr. Cecil Rhodes' brilliant projects for
the settlements of Zambesia, and, ultimately, the confederation under British auspices of tire whole of South Africa, was
for a time taken for granted. It appears
lhat Mr. Rhodes and the Zambesia Company
are as confident and energetic as ever, and
that they aro actually succeeding. Mr.
Rhodes is in England at present, and it was
suspected that Ids visit was for the purpose
of obtaining assistance from the Imperial
Government in the work of opening up and
settling Mashonaland. Il appears that
this suspicion is unfounded. Mashonaland
is not yet nourishing, but it is making pro-
gross. There are fifteen thousand able-
bodied men in that territory and Europeans
and Africanders are steadily entering in and
are taking out prospecting licenses, settlement grants, and mining rights for tho
Company. The l ovenuos of the Company
arc increasing, and though tho rapidly diminishing deficit amounts to abaut eighty
thousand dollars 4 year, the Company willingly and promptly pays the fifty thousand
dollars a year to the Imperial Government
for the administration of its territories north
of the Zambesi, tlie administration south of
that river being carried ou oy itself. The
Company had heen compelled to economize
ui Mashonaland, but its railway to the
mouth of the Pungwe river is being pushed,
lhat from the Cape is progressing, and
when these are finished and as a result
communication becomes cheap ami rapid as
.' ���    is casv, mils of settlers are ex-
pecti    to nock in and tho Company and the
o   tr* will Boorish.
li king b _���'' rid of any part
ie t r ipoi -: lilitii i in connection with
VI ih ; .1.  I, thc C impany wish to extend
i. I    ������ o ije ' i f Mr.   Rhodes' visit
isto ind ice thi :<"' ernment to hand over
the  Za    esia Co ipany   the   Crown
. :.;. ol  i,     uai     nd,  which lies south
i   I west ol M ���-������������ lal ind,   The adminis-
.   n wi    ts the imperii]
;,  dollars,   the
i thel on | my arc willing to
.   irautco i   ief from if it is handed over to
'.���    ��� mil some of ihe
e gold fs of Mashona-
 ind, and more-
the w iy of coin-
etweci i and the
hit company arc at
to taki   ivei thii colony,
..vi      cd to I .-i" Colony
��� ���.  ������ I ��� gi into i > i the
i   i Compai       i ho Government ol
ipath; an i   ipp
to Indues the im
eriil Government li   illov   I be
Ir.m vaal Governn ��� nl to  iw , Hand, ���
lies between thi   i i
dlwaj    immun ���.."��� I     east
,,.   ., al Government, a
u rdori oi tho Frans
I i     h is inxiou   to m ke N ital
il, opp	
lion of in     md I Uoei      Hie Cap
,. ii   la nat irally  anxious n.r the
��i tuso thi   i  in   aal t i ��� rnmei I
'���' "   ill ' :  Ilii
��� ��� I   I  II   :J
ad,   K ii ipe in i
���i  A" e ne:' is in   thi     I
Govei omenl i ieoi ompelled
by i'.mi'' i i revolt pron u m thi
franchise, 'i be D il li u - Bi h people of
the Capi ������ Orange Free *lt��U si I Capt
1< loi ���;,   ��� I friend
,,.. iliati ��� ,. il li i' des,and I hi i ���
is now more hope than     * of a confe Icra
',  Vi. i.   fnd I  VIr Rhodes
bop    o ���    bo      " ill Afrl    hotweon
Lako   i anganyika and the Capn ol Good
llopi- will lm a ilngle federatii
loi il fl ivornm int under liritl am
pu 11, Proshlonl Kru '���", ol the Prai ial,
i opi foi federation liut a pei lei tly Independent one, Mr. Rhodes h i no i in .
i togothci gi i ii up 11 idea ofa "n I itn ik
from in.- Cap i of Good Hope to AIoj u di la,"
that 11 ol n linn of well-govorned Brill h territory througl "lit tl h gth of the
Oonlil rn! ii    '
V11 e i i
���ci te] ' ', ivei vl",iuu
'- Remarkable Record of a Once Common
Custom in I'rimiii.
According to Mr. John Timh, oi Glasgow
the custom of purchasing wives was at one
time universal. The Iirst record sale after
cite accession of (ieorge the Third occurred
ill lhe month of March, 1711(1, In this case a
carpenter of Soutkwark, named Higginson,
went, into an alehouse for his morning
draught; there he met a fellow-carpenter,
ami their conversation, turned on wives,
lhc carpenter, whose name history has not
recorded, lamented that he had no wife,
Higginson, on the other hand, lamented
that he had. Mrs. Higginson was thereupon duly sold, and went willingly enough
and lived with him as his wife. In a few
days, however, Higginson, either grew tired
of his mateless home, or suspected he had
not done right, and went to the other carpenter's house, demanding his wife hack,
Mrs. Higginson strenuously refused to leave.
" A sale is a sale," said she, "and not a
joke." Higginson went, again and again,
but to no purpose, and after a week or two
ceased calling, but went and hanged himself, Thc price [laid for thc woman is not
Another sale occurred in the summer of
1707. In this case, however, the man selling
the "chattel" had no legal right over it,
she simply being
Her reputed husband was a bricklayer's
labourer, residing at Marylehone, and the
prico at which she was valued was fivo shillings nnd threepence and a ga Ion of hecr.
Three weeks after the sale, when the lady
wasd uly housed with her now lord, a wealth y
uncle of hers, residing in Devonshire,
died, and ipiite unexpectedlyaokuowledgod
the kinship by leaving her t''_'00 and a quan
tity of plate, The new protector at ouco
decided to sanctify the union by a ceremony
of the Church, and so become her husband
Edgbaston, Birmingham, was the scono
of the next sale of this character which has
to be recorded. It took place in the month
of August, 17".'!, and the facts are those :���
Three men and three women went into the
Bell Inn, Edgbaston Street, Birmingham,
and called for the toll-hook, whicli was
licit there. In this they made the following
extraordinary entry:���"August ,11st, 1773,
Samuel Vhitehoiisc, of the parish of Wil-
ltMilmll.iii the Comity of Stafford, this day
sold his wife, Mary Whithouse, in open
market, to Thomas Grilli.hs, of Birmingham, Value one shilling. To take her
with all her faults. (Signed) Samuel
Whithouse, Mary Whithouse. (Voucher)
Thomas Buckley, of Brimingham.* The
parties were said to he wsll pleased, and
the purchase-money and the market-toll demanded for thc sale were both cheerfully
The Ipswich .Journal, January 28, 1'87,
states that "a farmer of the parish of Stow
upland sold his wife to a neighbor for five
The London Chronicle for the lst, of December, 17S7, reported that "on Monday
last a person named Coward led his wife to
the market-place at Nuneaton, and there
sold and delivered her up, with a halter
about her, to one White, for thu sum o!
three guineas." On their way Coward asked his wife if she was not ashamed of being
brought to open market to he sold ; she
said she was not, and was happy lo think
she was going to have another husband, for
she knew well who was going to be her
In 17110 a girl bought her husband. She
was an Oxfordshire lass, and was on thc
eve of marriage to a young man of the same
county, when ihe bridegroom elect would not
consent to name the day unless her friends
would advance fifty pounds for her dowry.
Her friends being too poor to comply wiih
this demand, the lass, who evidently thought
a mercenary husband bettor than no bus-
hand at al', went tn London and sold her
hair for sullicient money to buy her exacting
husband, and ten pounds to hoot.
Ill I he Times for the 18ih of July, 1791,
mention was mado that a butcher had
" exposed his wife for sale inSmithfield
Market, near the 'Ram inn,' with a hai
ter round her neck and one about her waist,
a hog drover, who was the happy purchaser,
paying thc husband three guineas and a
crown for his departed rib."
Again on the 19th of September, I7il", the
samo Journal announced that "An hostler's
wile in the counl ry recently fetched twenty-
live guineas. Wc hear there is to he a sale
of wives soon at Christies'. Wo have no
doubt thoy will soon go off well,"
On the -ml December, 17l)(i, the Times
further announced that "at the sale of
wives there was hut a poor show, though
there were plenty of bidders. One alone
went oil well, being bought by a Taylor,
wiio outbid eight of his competitors.
At Chapel-enlc-l'Vilh, in ISO'2 a man disposed nf his wife, child, und purl of his
iiousohold furniture���" as much as would
iet up a beggar,"���-says the Morning Hor.
,:     for the sum of eleven shillings.
The Uonoastor Gazette on March tho
25 b, 1803, informed its readers that "a
follow sold Iiis wife as a oow in Sheffield
Market, place a few days ago. The laity was
put into the hands of a bntohor, who hold
her by tho halter fastened around the waist.
" What do you ask for your cow'.'" said thc
mil i " A guinea, replied lhe hutch-
i" "Done,1 crlod the other, ami Immediately lad away bis bargain, Wu understand
tha the pm bosorond his "oow" lived vory
happily together.
\. lording to the "Annual Register,''a
man named JohnGawthorna���or (Tosthotpo
exposed his wife  for sale in the markot
at FIulli aboul one o'olook on February ll,
i -,i ii, but owing to the i rowd which such an
cxti lordlnar ooourronoo  had brought ho
ill (ed todefor the sale   and lake her
��� , . ; ,, il fotll o't'look,   However, he again
brought hei out, iuhIhIio was sold for twenty
guineaa I sing delivered wiih a halter, to a
m in i id lhe pm in, who had lodged with
them for Bvc years.
Tne Whitehaven Horaldand Cumberland
Ad 'i or for May I, 1H32, gave nn aa-
'viiiiii ol i lingular wifo salo, whicli took
place on tho7tli of April, 1832, One Joseph
'I,, ,,|i", i, a (armor, bad beon throo year!
married, hut had nol found hi* happiness
��� i ram ' d,a�� ha had a right lo oxpoot, Relieving lhat n sale by anotlon would legally
.li. "live tho marriage and n movi bit ob-
ligation, he came into Carliso with his wife,
and by means ol a bellman Intimated be
was abont i" dispose of the chatlol,   At
midday the ial" coiiiinenoc.d in the prog.
onoo of a huge number of persons, Thompson placod his wife on it huge oak chair,
i ���" tientlemen,���i have to otter to your
I notice my wife, she can make butter and
scold thc maids; she can sing Moore's Melo-
I dies and plait her frills and caps; she
; cannot make rum, ;��iii, or whisky, but she
1 is a good judge of the quality from long
1 experience iu tasting them I therefore
oiler her, with all her perfections and imperfections, for the sum of forty shillings."
Tho sale occupied between an hour and a
half and two hours, when ultimately sho
was knocked down to Henry Mcars for
twenty shillings and a Newfoundland dog.
The newly coupled pair left the city togel her
the crowd huzzaing and cheering after them.
On the,'list of January in 1S53 a young
man named W. C. Capas was charged at the
Publio Ollice, Birmingham with having
assaulted his wife. The evidence disclosed
the fact that the husband was "leased to
another female." The fomalo admitted
signing tho document, and said she believed
a lawyer was paid �� 1 15s for drawing it up.
Capas was fined Lis Cd, and the Bonoh commented in strong terms on tho document
which had that day heen brought before
them. The cheapest wife of which there is
any record up to this time was purchased
at Dudley in 1859, the price paid being sixpence. Tlio husband believed his wife
co Id have no futher claim upon him.
According to a Welsh newspaper, a man
eniployca at tho Cyfnrtha ironworks sold
his wife, ill 1863, to a fellow-workman for
the sum of ��2 Ids with tho understanding
that another half sovereign should he spent
in drink. Thc wife, it is said, was more
amused than indignant at tho transaction.
At, "ilfreton, iu 1SS2. a husband sold his
rib for a glass of beer in a puhlic-houso, and
the rib gladly deserted her l����al lord. Ono
cannot expect a wife for eiss than 2Jd !
Two years after this, a bricklayer, at
Peasholmo Green, Yorkshire, sold his wife
tor Is fid, a " legal" document being drawn
up to make the bargain binding on all sides.
Before leaving the subject itmay ho worth
while pointing out that while wife sales
have, comparatively speaking, been common, husband sales have not been unknown,
Such a case occurred'at Sheffield in 1SSS,
The husband being out of work, went to
Australia, and on his way out mado the acquaintance of a young woman who appeared to have formed a strong attachment for
him. Finding that he was already in the
hon Is of matrimony, she suggested, it is
said, that possibly the wife left at home
would sell him to her, and he, jokingly,
advised her to write and ask. She did so,
and the wife asked one hundred pounds for
all rights; but eventually accepted Iwenty
pounds, which Bum was paid, and the purchaser and purchased were married in Australia. About tho same time the Wolverhampton magistrates hoard a case in which
a man was summoned to show cause why ho
should not support a child. The evidence
offered showed the man's wife had sold him
lo the mother of tho child for five pounds,
hut when the money was exhausted, finding
sho could get i,o more, sh demanded h er
 .a* 1
Ready-Made Sermons.
A circular has just heen issued to the
"trade" from a ready-made sermon sstab-
lishment iu Philadelphia, it was novor intended that this circular should fall into
lay hands, but a willul breeze blew a copy
of it into the sanctum the other day, so we
arc able lo disclose to our readers some of
its contents. We are assured by tho
author that the advertisement is of great
interest to the clergy, of whicli profession
we presume, the enterprising proprietor is
a humble member, seeing that tbe title
"Rev." precedes the signature attac ed lo
the circular. Wc are informed that the
keeper of the ready-made sermon store,
which has been wrongfully and maliciously
called a factory, husnow on hand and for sale
a stockof 0,00&desirablesermons in all Btyles
and upon a large variety of themes drawn
from appropriate texts. He gives notice that
nolaynian needapply, as ah purchasers must
be clerjymcn ; and bo oilers encouragement
to liinid-niirded applicants by informing
them lhat thc names of thousands of preachers arc already enrolled upon his books as
regular customers. He has printed about a
score of these names; aud wc notice among
them the respected names of several preachers who possess a good reputation for learning and eloquence. Tho revelations made
i brough this circular are not intended for
the laity ; but we oannot beliovo that tlio
knowledge of them will work any serious
injury to the lay mind. We havo heard for
years of the English sermon factories aud
ready-made sermon shops which, il is alleged, carry on a large and profitable business
ina quiet way, but ibis is the first intimation we have had that a similar establishment existed on this continent, and we arc
led to wonder why it was necessary to start
an institution of the kind in America. There
is no tariff upon foreign made scrpions, and
both (laiiada and the United States could
have been supplied freo of duty from tho
original establishment In England. Labor
is cheaper in England than here, the demand for wares of this kind is at present
greater there than here, and everything considered the necessity for a sermon factory
on this continent does not appear. The sermons advertised by the Philadelphia concern cover such titles as lho following I���
"Tho (lospel in llio Pentateuch," "Tlo
Parables of Mio Bible," "Scones in tho Lives
of the Apostles reinperanco and Gospel
Anatomy," "Hymnsiiiiillbeir Authors,"etc.
from I Iiis variety it should not ho dillicult
to choose a subject but we are glad to know
that thus far no Toronto preacher is included in lhe list of customers Itirnishcd,
Tho Baolieiors Exciuo-
] live alone,
And 1 must own
That 1 enjoy it more lhat way,
I like my life
Without a wifo,
No nnil ter what tbo world may say.
I do nolscorn
The maids foresworn,
I love thuin nil, brunette or blonde;
Tall or petite.
They all seem sweet
To me ; of all aliko I'm fond,
But, as I'vo said,
I am not wed,
And matrimonial vows I shun,
For maiden* fair
Aie everywhere,
And why should I adore but one ?
The now iron monuments being placed
on ihe national boundary lino in Arizona
and New Mexico arc soon feet high and
weigh SPO pounds eaoh. 'Thoy arc placed
five mi' *l
gometuiug Aboutiitnu tins ri tueansirian
The duties of lady iu waiting to the
Empress of Ausli ia are somewhat fatiguin7,
especially when the court is ou veilegiat.irc
at Godollo in Hungary, for her Majesty is a
very early riser, Every morning she attends
mass iu tho private chapel of the castle at
6 o'clock, which of course entails getting up
soon after ,'i. After chapel she takes a cup
of strong black coffee without sugar, milk,
or anything to cat, and then attended by
her lady mounts her horse and gallops otf
through the magnificent park, traversed in
every direotion by sandy avenues, especially adapted for riding. If the weather is bad
the morning is divided between the immense riding seliool adjoining the castle and
fencing hall. In the riding school tho
Empress amuses herself by performing in
the most skilful manner possible all tlk.
equestrian feats, such as bareback riding,
jumping through hoops, etc., usually
No one but the lady in waiting and the
grooms arc admitted to tho riding school
when sho is there. She is a first-rate
fencer, nud never allows a day to pass without nt least half an hour with thc foils. At
11 she returns to Iho casilo for a bath and
breakfast. The latter is of tho simplest
kind, consisting of a minute morsel of very
rare steak, dry toast, a cup of tea without
sugar or milk, and a glass of Moutt'OSO
claret, the only person at table with hor
boing the lady in waiting. After lighting
her cigarette she retires to her own apartments, where she remains until .'! o'clock,
sometimes dozing, and other tines chatting
with her youngest daughter, the Archduchess Valerie, who is her favorite child.
At 3, attended hy her lady, and sometimes accompanied by her brother Duke
Louis, of Bavaria, she again goes out riding
and only returns in lime lo dress for dinner
ai 8 o'elcck, al which the Emperor, the
members of the imperial family, together
with the clue' personages of tho court, are
present, The lady in waiting, to whom aro
intrusted her Majesty's gloves, fan, and
bouquet, is invariably seated at table in lhe
immediate vicinity of tho Empress, who,
after dinner, lights her eternal cigarette,
nay, even sometimes one of those terribly
strong Austrian cigars, and smokes until
10 o'clock, when
Tiie lady in waiting then proceeds lo tho
apartments of the grand misires-. of tho
robes, to spend the remainder of the evening there,in company with the chamberlains
and aids-do-camp, It is hardly necessary
to add lhat eight weeks of such a lifo aro
sufficient to exhaust the forces of even the
strongest lady in waiting. Apart from the
necessity ol being perpetually ou the qui
vivcandalwaysin good humor, it requires an
exceptional constitution, such aa that of the
Empress herself, to he ablo to spend every
day seven or einht hours in the saddle.
All of her Majesty's ladies havo naturally
to he excellent and fearless horsewomen,
and lo those who ride tho best she is particularly kind and indulgent. Although
close upon BO years old, and having grandchildren of over 12 years of age, she is still
one of the most beautiful women in her
dominions. Her magnificent chestnut colored halrreaohesdown belowherknees^ndher
feet and hands nre peifection. It is indeed
surprising that her three ohildren aro all of
them so remarkably plain, particularly as
the Emperor is an exceedingly handsome
Notwithstanding tho fact that licr reputation has never been assailed by calumny
of any kind, she is far from popular in
Austria, and il is only wiih the greatest
difficulty thin she can bo induced to attend
those slate functions which necessitate her
appearance in public at Vienna. Tho inhabitants ol ihe latter city so seldom get a
sight of her that when she docs happen to
favour them with her presence a; any ceremony, opera and race glasses, nay, oven
telescopes, arc used by the crowd in
a fact which considerably annoys tho royal
lady. In her beloved Hungary, however,
she lays aside all her cold ami formal manner, and has won all thc hearts of that impressionable people hy her unaffected gra-
olonsness and thc absence of haughtiness.
Besides being the niostperlcct horsewoman in Europe, licr Majesty is an intrepid
mountaineer and Iirst rate shot, spending
sometimes whole days iu stalking chamois
up the most inaccessible heights.
Tlie story of her betrothal to tho Emperor is somewhat romantic. A marriage had
been negotiated for him with tho
eldest daughter of Duke Maximilian, of
Bavaria, and the Emperor arrived at the
castle of the latter to tic officially betrothed.
As soon, however, as he caught sight of the
younger sister, as yet in short dresses and
in the school-room, he fell madly in love
with her, and at length broke off his engagement with the cider sister in order to
marry the younger. The marriacc was not
a popular one al Vienna, for a moro grand
alliance had been looked for than that vith
the impoverished family of Duke Maximilian, and during tho first years of her wed-
dod life, tho Empress was simply boycotted
by the haughty aristocracy of Austria, a
fact which bIio has never forgotten nor forgiven.
Not Satisfied.
Some persons arc hard to satisfy. The
thing iu hand is nf little worth but the
object beyond reach seems all desirable.
A clergyman in Maine, who lives near tho
sen-coast, narrates an occurrence which
gave him a moment of disappointment, but
which has also supplied him with a very
good story to tell.
He had planned a beautiful drive for the
benefit ol a lady from tho Wost who was
visiting his family���a lady who had never
ocen thr ocean. Tho route was chosen in
such a way that not a glimpse of the sea
would ho bad until, at a certain bend. In the
road, the party would como out upon a high
open space, commanding a magnificent view
of the broad Atlantic.
As tho carriage came out upon the plateau
the clergyman turned a beaming face on the
lady, expecting from her an exclamation of
delight; bill instead of happiness r.n her
countenance, he saw a look ol hmgiug.
"Oil," she said, with a sigh, "how I
wisli 1 could seo tho Pacific I"
Krupp's great gun works at Essen consume 1,666 tons ol coal and coke a day,
A hippomcicr, to record tho number of a
horse's paces and thc distance he has truv
ellcd, has been inventod hy an officer in
A  BilEAK IN THE (111 UN*.
It was late in the afternoon before I woke, j
strengthened and refreshed. Sherlock Holmes still sat as 1 had left him, save that he
had laid aside his violin and was deep in a
book. He looked across at mc, as I stirred
and I noticed that Ids face was dark and
" Vou have slept soundly," he said, " I
feared that our talk would wake yon."
" 1 heard nothing," I answered. " Have
you had fresh news, then';''
" Unfortunately, no. I confess that 1
am surprised and disappointed. I expected something definite by this lime. Wiggins has just been up lo report. He says
that no trace can he found of the launch. It
is a provoking check, for every hour ia of
" Cau I do anything ? I am perfectly
fresh now, and quite ready for another
night's outing."
" No ; wc can do nothing. We can only
wait. If wc gi, ourselves, the message
might come in our absence, and delay he
caused. You can do what you will, hut 1
must remain on guard."
" Then I shall run over to Canihcrwell
and call upon Mrs. Cecil Forrester. She
asked me to yesterday."
"On    Mrs.   Cecil   Forrester';"   asked
Holmes, with thc twinkle of a smile in his
" Well, of course on Miss Morstan too.
They wcre anxious to hear what  happened."
" I would not tell them too muoh," said
Holmes. " Women are never to ho entirely trusted,���not tho best of them,"
I did not pause to argue over this atrocious sentiment. " I shall bc back in au
hour or two," I remarked.
"All right ! Good luck 1 But, I say, if
you are crossing the river you may as well
return Toby, for I don't think it m at ail
likely that we shall have any use for him
I took our mongrel accordingly, and lefi
him, together with a half-sovereign, at the
old naturalist's in Pinohin bane. At Cam-
berwell 1 found Miss Morstan a little weary
after ber night's adventures, but veryeagoi
to hear tho news, Mrs. Forrester, too.
was full of curiosity. I told them all that
we had done, suppressing, however, the mon
dreadful parts of the tragedy, Thus, although I spoke of Mr Sholto's death, 1
said nothing of the exact manner and
method of it, With all my omissions, how
ever, there was enough to startle and amazi
" It is a romance I" cried Mrs. Forrester
"An injured lady, half a million in treasure,
a black cannibal, and a wooden-legged nil
fian. They tako tho place of tlie conven
tional dragon or wicked earl.'1
" And two knight-errantB to the rescue,'
added Miss Morstan, with a bright glanoi
at me
" Why, Mary, your fortune depends upon
the issue of this search. 1 don't think tha'
you are nearly excited enough. Juatimagiin
what it must bc to be so rich, and to havi
the world at yonr feet 1"
It sent a little thrill of joy to my hear.
to notice thai sho showed no sign of elation
at the prospect. On thc contrary, she gavi
a toss of her proud head, as though thi
matter were one in whioh sho took smal
"Itis for Mr. Thaddeus Sholto that 1
am anxious," sho said. "Nothing else Is
of any consequence: but I think that h<
has behaved most kindly and honorably
throughout, It ia our duty to clear him oi
this dreadful and unfounded charge."
Il was evening beforo I left Camber-
well, and quite dark by the time I reached
home. My companion's book and pipe lav
by his chair, hut he hail disappeared. 1
looked about in the hope of seeing a note,
but there was none.
" 1 suppose that Mr. Sherlock Holme-
has gone out," I said to Mrs. Hudson as
she came up to lower the blinds.
"No, sir. He has gone to his
room, sir. Do you know, sir," sinking her voice into an impressive whisper, " I am afraid for his health?"
" Why so, Mrs. Hudson ?"
" Well, he's that strange, sir. After yon
was gone he walked and he walked, up and
down, and up aud down, until 1 was weary
of the sound of his footstep. Then I heard
him talking to himself and muttering, and
every time tlie boll rung out he came on the
i Mrs. Hud-
We did not, however. Not a word came
lo us either from Wiggins or from the other
agencies, There were articles in moat nf the
papers upon the Norwood tragedy. They
j al! appeared to be rather hostile to the unfortunate Thaddeus Sholto. No fresh details were to he found, however, in any of
them, save that an inquest was to be held
noon the following day. I walked over to
Camberwell in the evening to report our ill
success to the ladies, and on my return 1
found Holmes dejected and somewhat morose. He. would hardly reply to my questions, aad busied himself all evening in an
abstruse chemical analysis which involved
much heating of retorts and distilling of
vapors, ending at last in a smell which fairly drove me out o.' tlie apartment. Up to
the small hours of tho morning 1 could hear
the clicking of his test-tubes which told mc
that he was still engaged in his malodorous
In tho early dawn I woke with a start,
and was surprised lo find him Standing by
my bedside, clad in a rude sailer dress with
a pea-jacket, and a coarse red scarf around
his neck.
" I am off down the river, Watson," said
bo. "I have been turning il over in my
mind, and I can seo only one way out of it.
It is worth trying, at all events.
"Surely lean come   with you, then?
said I,
" No; you can be much mire useful if
yoa will remain here us my representative,
lam loath to go, for it is quite oa thc cards
that some message may come during the
day, though Wiggins was despondent about
it last night. 1 want you to open all notes
and telegrams, and to act on your own
judgment if anv news should conic. Can I
rely upon yon ?"
"Most certainly."
"I am afraid mat you will not bo able,
to wiro to me, for I can hardly tell where I
may find myself. If I am in luck, however, I tuny not be gone so very long. 1
shall have news of some sort or ether be-
fore I get hack."
I had heard nothing of him by breakfast-
time. On opening the Standard, however,
1 found there was a fresh allusion to the
business. " With reference to the
Upper Norwood tragedy," it remarked,
"we havo reason to believe that thc matter
promises to be even more complex and
mysterious than was originally supposed,
fresh evidence has shown that it is quite
impossible lhat Mr. Thaddeus Sholto could
uivc heen in any way concerned in thc
natter. Ho and the houskeeper, Mrs
Bernstone, were both released yesterday
'veiling. It is believed, however, that tin
inlice have a clue as to the real culprits,
ind that it is being prosecuted hy Mr.
Uhelney Jones, of Scotland Vard, with al'
iis well-known energy and sagacity,
'urther arrest may be expected at any mo-
"That is satisfactory so far as it goes,"
bought 1. "Friend Sholto is safe, at any
"ate, I wonder what the fresh clue may
>e ; though il seems to be a stereotyped
form whenever the police have made a
1 tossed the paper down upon the table,
but at tiiat moment my eye caught an advertisement iu the agony column. It ran
it this way :
"Lost.���Whereas Mordecai Smith, boatman, and his son Jim, left Smith's Wharf ai
ir about three o'clock last Tuesday morning in the steam launch Aurora, black with
two red stripes, funnel black with awhile
hand, thc sum of five pounds will he pall
to any one who can give iutormation to Mrs.
Smith, at Smith's wharf, or at 221 b Bakei
street, us to the whereabouts of tho said
Mordecai Smith and the launch Auroia."
This was clearly Holmes's doing. Tin
Biker Street address was enough to prov>
hat. It struck me us rather ingenious
���ieeauso it might be read by the* fugitive-
without their seeing in it more than Unnatural anxiety of a wife for her missing
It was a long day. Every time that n
knock came to the door, or a sharp step
pissed in the street, I imagined that it wat
either Holmes returning or an answer to
his advertisement. I tried to read, hut nr,
thoughts would wander off to our strung*
quest and to thc ill-assorted and villainou
pair whom we were pursuing. Could thcr
be, I wondered, someradical tlaw iu my com
panion's reasoning'; Might ho be snnorini
from soma huge self-deception? Was ii
not possible thai his nimble and speculative
mind h��d built up this wild theory npo
faulty premisos ?   I had never known hin
and through trap-doors, It's a very dark
cisc, and iny professional credit is at stake.
I should be very glad of a little assistiuce."
" We all need help sometimes," said I,
" Your friend Mr. Sherlock Holmes is a
wonderful man, sir," said he, in a husky
and confidential voice. "He's a man who
is not lo be beat. I havo known that young
man go inlo a good many cases, but I never
saw the ease yet that he could not throw a
light upon. He is irregular in his methods,
and a little quick perhaps in jumping at
theories, but, on the whole, i think ho would
hive made a most promising officer, and
I don't care who knows it. I hav-) had a
wire from him this morning, hy which I
understand that ho has got some clue to
this Sholto business. Hero is his message."
He I ook the telegram out of his pocket
and handec it to inc. It was dated from
Poplar at twelve o'clock. "Goto Baker
Street at once," it said. " If 1 have not returned, wait ior me, I am close on the
truck of tiie Sholto gang. You can come
with us to-night if you want to he in at the
lis  sounds well.    He has  evidently
picked up tho scent again," said I.
" Ah, then he has been at fault too," exclaimed Jones, with evident satisfaction.
" Even the best of us are thrown off somo-
times. Of course llm may prove to bea false
alarm ; but it is my duly as an ollicer of the
law lo allow no chance to slip. But here
is some ono at I lie door. Perhaps this is
A heavy step was heard ascending the
stair, wiih a great wheezing and rattling us
from a man who was irely put to il for
breath. Once or if no stopped, as
though the climb wei i loo much for him,
but at last he made his way lo our door and
entered. His appearance corresponded to
the sounds .vhich we had heard. He was
an aged man, clad in seafaring garb,
with an old pea-jacket buttoned up to his
throat. His back was bowed, his knees
were shaky, and Iiis breathing was painfully asthmatic. As he leaned upon a thick
oaken cudgel his shoulders heaved in the
effort to draw the air into his lungs. He
bad a coloured scarf round his chin, and I
could sec little of his face sa e a pair of
keen dark eyes, overhung by bushy whito
brows, and long gray side whiskers. Altogether he gave me the i pression of a respectable master mariner who had fallen
into years and poverty.
" What is it, iny man!" I asked.
He looked about in the slow methodical
way of old age.
" Is Mr. Sherlock Holmes here?" said he.
" No ; hut I am acting for him. You can
iell me any message you have for him."
"It was to himself 1 was lotcll it," said he.
"But I to 1 you that I am acting for him.
Was it about Mordecai Smith's boat?"
"Yes 1 knows well where it is. An'I
knows where the men he is after are. An'
1 knows where the treasure is. I knows all
ibout it,"
"Mien tell me, and I shall let him
"It was to him I was to tell it," he repeated with the petulant obstinacy of a very
dd man.
" Well, you must wait for him,
" No, no ; I ain't goin' to lose a whole day
'rt please no one. If Mr. Holmes ain't here
'hen Mr. Holmes must find it all out for him-
<elf. I don't care about the look of either
>f yon, and I won't toll a word."
" He shuffled towards the door, but
Athelney Jones got in front of hiin.
" Wait a bit, my friend," said ho. " Vou
have important information, and you inns-
not walk oft'. We shall keep you, whether
you like or not, until our friend returns."
'lhe old man made a little run towards
-hedoor, bnt, as Athelney Jones put his
broad back up against it, lie recognized the
tselessness of resistance.
" Pretty sort o' treatment this I" hs cried,
stamping his stick. " 1 come hore to see a
���etitloman, and you two, who I never saw
n my life, seize me and treat mo in this
ashion I"
"You will be none the worse," I said.
" Wo shall recompense you for ihe loss of
;our timo, Sit over here on the sofa, and
/ou will not havo long to wait."
Ho came across sullenly enough, and seated himself with bis face restingonhis hands.
I ones audi resumed our cigars and our talk,
uddenty, however, Holmes's voice broke in
ipon us.
" I think that you might offer mc a cigar
oo," he saic
'Rather an irregular proceeding,'' said
Jones, shaking his head, "However, the
whole thing i i irregular, and I suppose wc
must wink a'it. The treasure must afterwards he handed over to tho authorities
until after the official investigation."
"Certainly That is easy managed. One
other point. I should much like to havo a
few details about thin matter from tho lips
of Jonathan Small himself. You know I
like to work thc detail ot my cases out.
There is no objection to my having an un
ollicial interview with him, either here in
my rooms or elsewhere, as long as he is
efficiently guarded ���>"
'Well, you are master of the situation,
1 have had no proof yet of the existence of
this Jonathan Sand. II iwovr, if you cau
itch him I don't soo how I can refuse yoa
au Interviow with him."
'That is understood, then?"
'Perfectly. Is thero anything else"'
'.Inly that 1 Insist upon yourdinin
us, It will ba ready in half an hour. I
havo oyster* and a brace of grouso, with
mini'llilng a littlo choice In white wines'.���
Watson, you have never yet recognized my
merits as a househooper."
Onr meal waa a merry one. Holmosoonl'
stair-head, with ' What is that,
son ?' And now he has slammed off to his
room, but I can hear him walking away   to"bo'wrong; and yet the keenest reusoiie,
the same as ever.   I hope lies not going to  may  occasionally  he deceived.    He wa
'" " "  likely, J thought, to fall into error throngl
bo ill, sir. I ventured to say something to
him about cooling medicine, but ho turned
on mc, sir, with such a look that I don't
know how over I got out of the room.''
" 1 don't think that you have any cause
lo ho uneasy, Mrs. Hudson," I answered.
" I have seen him liko this before. Ho has
somo small matter upon his mind which
makes him restless."    I tried  to  speak
thc over-refinement of his logic,���his prei
crence for a subtle and bizarre cxplanalioi
when a plainer and more common-place om
lay ready to his baud. Yot, on the othe
haiul, I had myself seen the evidence, an-
I had heard the reason for his deductions
When 1 looked back on thc long chain o
cuiious circumstances, many of tbem trlv;
lightly to our worthy landlady, but I was ,. ai,.m.���i�������� *.���. ���u ,���  If ',""""'
A i   . i      .i        i  .,    ; in themselves, but al  tend iiv in the nam
myself somewhat uneasy when thiough the ' -        - ���     lUL "am
long night I still from time to time hoard
tho dull sound of his tread, and knew how
his keen spirit wus chafing against this involuntary inaction.
At breakfasl-timu he looked worn and
haggard, with a littlo (leek of feverish
colour upon either check.
" You are knocking youi self up, old man,"
I remarked, " I huard you marching about
in the night."
"No, 1 could not Bleep,''he answered.
"This infernal problem is consuming mc.
It is too much to be balked by so petty aa
obstacle, when all else had been overcome.
I know the men, thc launch, everything ;
and yet I can get no news. '. have set other
agencies at work, and used every means at
my disposal. Tho whole river has been
Bearched ou cithor side, but there is no
news, nor has Mrs. Smith heard of her husband. I. shall conic to the conclusion soon
that they have ��eu tiled the craft. But there
aie objection)) CO that."
"Or that Mrs. Smith has put us on thc
wrong scent."
" No, I think that may be dismissed. I
had inquiries made, and there is a launch
of that description."
" Could it have gone up thc river'.'
"I have considered that possibility, too,
and there is a soncch-paity who will work
up as far on Richmond, lino news comes
today, 1 shall Hart oil' myself to-morrow,
and go for lho won rather than the boat.
But Biii'iilv.surciy, wo shall hoar something,"
! with
 ,^^_ Hllllg
direction, I could not disguise from myse!
that even if Holmes's explanation were incur
rect the true theory must ho equally outr
and startling.
At throe o'clock In the afternoon tber.
was aloud peal at the bell, an anthorltativi
voice in the hall, and, to my surprise, n
less a person than Mr. Athelney Jones w.i
shown up to me, Very different was In
however, from tiie brusque and maeterfu
professor of common sense who had take
over the case so confidently at Upper Nor
wood. His expression was downcast, am
his bearing meek and even apologetic.
" Good-day, sir ; good-day," Baid he
" Mr. Snerlook Holmes is out, I undei
" Y'es, and I cannot he sure wiien he wi
beback. liut perhaps you would caret
wait. Take that obair an 1 try ono of thos
" Thank yon ; I don't mind if I do,
said he, mopping his face with a red ban
danna handkerchief.
" and a whisk y-and-soda?"
" Well, half a glass, ll is vory hot foi
the time of year ; and I have had a goo
deal to worry and try me. You know m\
theory abont this Norwood case ?"
"I remember that you expressed one.1'
"Well, 1 have been obliged lo reonnside
it. I had my net drawn tightly round M
Sholto, sir, when   pop he went,   through
hole In the middle of it. He was able i
prove nn alibi whied could not be shaken
talk exceedingly well whon ho chose, and
that night ho did ohonw. Hn appeared lo
ba in a siau; of nervous a altatlon. I havs
never known hhn so brilliant. Hospokeon
,. quick succession of subjnots���on miracle
plays, on inediaval poiteiy, ou Stradlvarlus
violins, on the Bud Ihi.-sm of Ceylon, and on
the war-ships of the future, -haudl ng each
as though lie bad mado a special study of it.
His bright humor niaikcd tl e reaction from
his black depression of the proceeding days
Athelney Jones proved to be a sociable soul
in his liours ol relaxation,and faced his dinner
with tlie air of a hou vivant, For myself.
I felt elated at the thought that wo were
Hearing the end of our task, and 1 caught
something of Holmes's gayety. Ncne of us
alluded during dinner to the cause whicli
had brought us together.
When the cloth was cleared, Holmes
glanced at his watch, and filled up three
glasses with port. "One bumper," said he,
"lo tho success of our little expedition.
And now it is high time wc were off. Have
you a pistol Watson?"
" I have my old service-revolver in my
" You had best take it, then. It is well
to be prepared. I see that tue cab is at the
door.   I ordered it for half-past six."
t wis n liule past seven before we reached the Westminster whirl, and found our
much awaiting us.   Holmo3 eyed it critically,
" Is there anything to mark it as a police-
boat ?"
" Yes,���that green lamp at the side."
"Then take it off."
The small change was made, we stepped
on board, and the ropes were cast o 1. Jones,
Holmes, and I sat In the stern, There wa-
one man at the rudder, one to tend thc
eugi es. and two burly police-inspectors
"Where to?" asked Jones.
"To the Tower. Tell them to stop
opposite to Jacob-son's Yard."
Our craft was evidently a very fast one.
Wo shot past the long lines of loaded barges
as though they were stationary. Holmes
smiled with satisfaction as we overhauled u
river steamer and left her behind us.
"We ought to be able to catch anything
on the river." he said.
"Well, hardly that, But there are not
many launches to heat us."
"We shall have to catch the Aurora, and
she has a name for being a clipper. I will
tell you how the land lies, Watson, You
recollect how annoyed I was at being balked
by so small a thing ?"
"Well, I gave my mind a thorough rest
by plunging into a chemical analysis. One
of our greatest statesmen has said that a
change of work is the best rest. **'o it ia
When I had succeeded in dissolving the
hydrocarbon whicli 1 was at work at, I
came hick to my problem of the Sholtos,
and thought the whole matter out again,
My boys hud been up the river and down
tho river without result. The launch
was not at any landing-stago or wharf,
nor had it returned. Yet it could
hardly  have been  scuttled   lo hide their
We both started in our chairs. There was traces,���though that always remained as n
Tolmes sitting close to us with an air of | possible  hypothesis  if all else  failed.   1
uiet amusement,        ^^^^^^^^^^
"Holmes!" I exclaimed. "You here I
hit where is the old man?"
" Here is the old man," said he, holding
nit a heap of while hair. "Here he is,���
vig, whiskers, eyebrows, and all. I thought
uy disguise was pretty good, but I hardly
xpected that it would slmd that test."
" All, you rogue!" criod Jones, highly de-
���ghled. " You would havo made an actor,
md a rare one. You had the proper work-
'otise cough, and those weak logs of yours
re worth ten pound a week. I thought I
;new tho glint of your eye, though. You
lidn t gel away from us so easily, you soo."
" I have been working in that get-up all
lay," said he, lighting his cigar. " You,
ce,a good many of tho criminal classes begin
o know me,���especially since our Irinnd
ere look lo publishing some of my cases :
o I can only goon the war-path under somo
Imple disguise like this, You got my
" Yes | that was what brought mo here."
" How ban your case prospered ?"
" It has all come to nothing.   I havo had
o rclci.80 two of my prisoners, and thero is  Norwood  tragedy!
o evidence against the othor two." | onol,gj, to s60 t|,ftt'
knew that this man Small had a certain degree of low cunning, but 1 did not think
him capable of anything
iu the nature o
..elicate finesse. That is usually a produc
of higher education. 1 then reflected tha-
since lie had certainly been in London some
lime���as wc had evidence that he maintain
ed \ continual watch over Pondioherrj
Lodge���ho could hardly leave at a moment's
notice, bul would need some littlo time, if
it wero only a day, to arrange his affairs
That was the balance of probability, at any
"It seems to mc to be a little weak," said
I.   "'tis more probable that he had ar
ranged his affairs hefore ever he s
his expedition."
" No, I hardly think so. This lair of bis
would be too valuable a retreat iu ease nl
need lor him to give it up until ho was sine
that he could do without It, But a second
consideration struck me. Jonathan Simd
mils have felt that the peculiar appcaranc
of Iiis companion, however inuoll he mav
havo top coated him, would givo rise |i
gossip, and possibly he associated with tillB
'He was quite sharp
They hud started fro
a.a what't woulO inane pursuit easy n tne
police did happen to get on his traca,
How, then, could he conceal the launch and
yet have hor at hand when wanted ? I
wondered what I should do myself if I wcre
in his shoos. I could only think of one way
of doing it. I might hand the launch over
to some boat-builder or repairer, with directions to m ike a trilling change iu her.
She would th-n he removed to his shed or
yard, and so bo effectually concealed, while
at tiio same tinia I could hive her at a few
hours' notice."
"That seems simple enough."
" It is just these simple things which aro
extremely liable to be overlooked. However, I determined to act on the idea. I
started at once iu this harmless seaman's
rig and inquired at all the yards down the
river. 1 drew blank at fifteen, but at Tie
sixteenth���laeobson's���I learned that the
Aurora had been handed over lo them two
lays ago by a wooden-logged man, with
some trivial directions as to her rudder
' There ain't naught amiss with her rudder,'
said the foreman, ' There she lies, with
tho red streaks.' At that moment who
thoilld corns down but Mordecai Smith, the
aliasing owner? He was rather the worse
for liquor. I should not, of course, have
known linn, hut he bellowed out the name
of his launch. ' I want her to-night at
eight o'clock,' said ho,���' eighto'cloek shaip,
Ullnd, for I hive two gentlemen wbo won't
bc kept waiting.' They had evidently paid
him well, for he was very Hush of money.
chitckitH* shillings about to the men, I
followed him some distance, but he subsided
into an ale-house: so I went back to the
, anl, and, happening to pick up one of iny
boys on the way, I stationed him as sentry
over the launch. He is to stand at the
water's edge and wave his handkerohlef to
ns when they start. We shall be lying off
in the stream, and it will bc a strange thing
if we do uot take men, treasure, aud all."
" You hive planned it all very neatly,
whether they arc the rijjht men or not,"
said Jones; " but if the a fair were in my
hands I should have had a body of police in
lacobson's Yard, and arrested them when
they came down."
" Whioh would have been never. This
man Small iB a pretty shrewd fellow. He
would send a scout on ahead, and if anything made him suspi ious lie would he
sung for another week."
" But you might have stuck to Mordecai
Smith, and so been led to their hiding-
place," said I.
" In that case 1 should have wasted my
day. I think that it is a hundred to one
against Smith knowing where they live, As
long as he has liquor and good pay, way
should Ile ask questions? They seud him
messages what to do. No, I thought over
every possible course, au 1 this is the best."
(to he CONTINUED.)
TbcCaitom In Eiglaud Urconlcil np loa
fOW [HN 1X0.
In 1877 a wife was sold for ��40, and ��hat
is more remarkable the articles of sale were
drawn up and signet at a solictor's office,
the money paid, aul thc ohattul handed
over with all the gravity of law.
Ill the course of a county court case at
Sheffield in May, ISSl, a man n mud Moore
staled that he was living with the wife of oue
of his friends, and that he had purchased
i.er for a q%irt oi beet. This transaction
was brought under thc notice of the Government by Mr. A. M. Sullivan, wiio requested the Home Seetetary to take measures for
preventing such reprehensible transactions.
I'his had no effect evidently, for since that
time many sales have been recorded.
During the hearing oi a school board case
in the course of 1381, at Ripon, a woman
informed the bench that she, had been
bought for 25s., and had assumed the name
��� if the purchaser.
At Alfreton, in 1SS'2, a husband sold his
rib for a glass of beer in a public house, and
he rib gladly deserted her legal lord. One
���aniiot expect a wife for less than two-pence
Two years after this a bricklayer at
I'casholmc Green, Yorkshire, sold his wife
for Is. Od, a "legal" document being drawn
up to make the bargian binding on all sides,
In The Globe of May fi, 13S7, there appeared an account of a well-to-do weaver,
it Burnley, who was charged with having
deserted his wife and three children. He
i Imittcd the soft impeachment at once, but
irged that, inasmuch as he had sold tlio
A'hole family to another man before the
dleged desertion, he be acquitted of all
esponsibility for their maintenance. It
was nothing to him whether their purchaser
���irovided for their wants : the law had
ueiterse** tothat. For hi.nselfhe had duly
reoeived three half-pence, the amount of the
ilirohaso money, and there his interest in
the atl'air began and ended.
During 18S1) a paragraph went the round
if the paper to the ^.ilect that a man ceil-
leoted with a religions body in a village in
8 set out upoi
he midland counties had disposed  o!
wife for the small sum of oue sluiliiig.
"Nevermind. We shall idvo you two their bead-quarters under cover of darkness,
thers in the plnoo of them. But you must and he would with to get back befon
alt yourself undor my orders. You aro it wuh broad light. Now, it was past three
,'clcome lo all lho official credit, but you o'clock, according to Mrs. Smith, when thci
iust act on the lines that I point out.   Is got tlie boat.   It would be. quite bright.
lat agreed?" j and people would be aboul in an hour or so
" Entirely, if you will holp me to the I Therefore, I argued, thoy did notgovcry far
ieo." I They paid Smith well to hold hii tongue
" Well, then, in the first place I Bhall reserved his launch for tho final escape, an i
.���ant a fast  police boat���a  steam launch I hurried to their lodgings with the troosun
box.   In a couple of nights, when they bail
timo   to   seo   what   view   the    papot
to bo at tho Westminster Stairs at seven
"That is easily managed, Thore is al-
���ays one about thore ; but I can slepacross
ne road aud telephone lo make Bure."
"Then I shall want two stanch men in
.so of resistance."
"There will be two or three in the boat,
.'hat else?"
"Whenwesecuro the mon we shall got the
oosure.   I 'hink that it would lie a pleas-
c to r.y triond here to take tho box round
.o the young lady to whom half of it right-
took, and whether there was any suspicion,
thfy would make their way under cover ci
darkness to somo ship at Qraveseud 0( In
the Downs, where no doubt they had already arranged for passages to America oi
the Colonies."
" But the launch? They could not havi
aken lhat to their lodgings."
" But so, I argued thai the launch mil'
he no great way off, in spite of ils invisi
bility,   1 then pit mynelf in the placo oi
How to Increase the Circulation,
"I wish I could strike some plan by which
I could double my circulation," remarked
the editor of a small monthly.
"There are several way- by which that
can bn accomplished," replied a friend.
"Name them."
"Well, get married. Then two hearts
Vill beat as one, and consequently you'll
havo doubled your circulation.''
It is estimated lhat there arc now 150,
'00,00') copies of the Bible in -jircnlu-��.oa.
The highest viaduct in the world has just
leon erected in Bo ivia, over the river
L��a, !),3.'i3 feet above the sea level, and
1,'tOS feet above the river.
Thu sultan has 300 wives, the King of
Dahomey 250, the Shah of Persia 400, the
vim* of S.ani GUI), tho Kmg of Ashautso
Mi'i'i. aud lho Emperor of Murocoo about
About a third of the entire popuistion of
ho world speak the Chinese l.nguigo or ita
dliei, dialects.
One of thc firs* effects of introducing Pir-
iaments into Japan hai beeu io stitnulato
nventon to discover some means of doing
way with lobby divisions. Professor
'.ainakawa, of the University of Tokio, has
 ar. eieotrical machine by which each
���icinher can record his vote without leaving
ais seat, \^\(K   ilUvlU IH-ll)   ���'VVtl.
SATURDAY, JAN. 7, 1892,
Discovery  ami   Progress  of
West Kootenay Mines.
The Lardeau an  Eldorado.
Tho Colonist publishes nn excellent resume of tbe discovery und
progress of mines and mining in
West Koolenay during 1892, which
we consider worthy of clipping from,
although we are not in the habit of
cutting from other papers. After
speaking of tho wonderful Sloean
country the Colonist says :���
"The old oil age says, 'When it
rains it pours,' and certainly West
Kootenay has been deluged this past
season with mining discoveries. No
sooner had lho Sloean become a
standard topic than a new district
was heard from, viz., the Lardean.
The country had boon known for a
long timo past in a general way,
because of its usefulness ns a railroad routo from the north arm of the
Upper Arrow Lako to t.io bend of
Kootenay Lake. Some places have
also beeu worked at various periods,
but as a quartz district it was unknown. Tbe Lardeau country now
stands relatively in the sun)'' position
ns the Sloean a your ago. The grout
discoveries were made too lale for
large developments lo take place this
season, but the size of tbe lodes and
extent of their ore bodies make it
possible to stuto that its future i.s
already assured, und next seasun will
no doubt add richly to iho discoveries
already made. The centre of tho
district is Trout Luko, and, having
personally visited tho spot, we know
it to be a paradise for fishermen and
hunters. At both ends of the lako
are flats, which will furnish fine
situations for towns, and as the
mines are approached from those
points it is safe to predict that towns
will spring up thero next summer.
Tbe various groups of mines known
are���The Grout Northern and True
Fissure, discovered by C. Holden,
P. M. Walker, T. Downs aud J.
Stobart; this is a bonanza. 0. F,
Blackburn's group, six claims; T.
Home's group, four claims; Pool k
Crockett's, two claims; lien Buimie's
group, with extensions owned by
others. All these are situated on the
north fork of tbe Lardeau aud 'directly accessible from Arrow Lako
or Trout Luke. On tbe ridge be"
tween the Bouth fork and Trout Luke
are situated the Abrahamson nnd
Langrel! group, with lb roe parallel
lodes; the Silver Cup, owned by
Messrs. Walker, Downs and Holden.
These claims can be reached either
from Trout Lako or the south fork.
At tho head of the latter stream tire
olaims known ns the Gainer group.
'This ie ou the snme contact as the
Haskins, Wagner, nnd Seroy groups,
only the latter aro more easily np-
proaohed from linley Creek, at tlie
southeud of Trout Lake. The Haskins group is a very remarkable c.\*
hibit, nnd confirms the general character of the ore bodies found in the
Lardeau. Thc most interesting feature of these ores is the amount of
gold which ueeiiinpanies the silver,
in somo instances amounting to ns
much ns the silver product, und this,
of courso, tnids greatly to the importance of the district. The average
value runs from 50 to 100 per oent,
in gold and silver. This is distinctly
bigh grade, uud when taken in con.
junction with the fact that the ore
bodies nre very large, we have a
presentation winch gives assurance
of a great f ut nro for the disti c
without taking into account the discoveries which may be made next
"Another districl of great promise,
but as yet scarcely touohed, is tin;
Ptineiiu River country. We may
have io repeat next year about this
district what we have alreadt
about the Sloean nnd Lardeau belts,
but iu addition thereto we louk forward to the discovery of a rich gold
belt ou the east slope of the v ill y,
ns it is hereabouts that gold qnartz
lodes of great promise have already
been found.
"Along the lino of the C.P.R. at
Illeoillereuet.aud ulso at Fisb Creek,
a large amount of development work
has been done, and it is noteworthy
of remark that many p
passing into the bands of good men,
v.ho have au abiding faith  in the
future of claims in the railway bell.
The Lanark aud Maple Leal pi    ���
ties are still the most importai    u
it i-. a motti r' f regret thai   o
ore ihonld remain in the mini
it can bo sent to mm Let.   Ai I ish
( re.!': ii,ii i.ii.'.h th ranks firat in
importance among many good prospect -, a' d the 1' mvai an is expei led
tn bo 'nine a producer next  i anon,
after lying idle for too long a time.
Thn oountry to the north, hei ween
Illecillewaet and Dig lleud, i   yol to
bn prospeoted, ami will no doubl
prove up guild.
" In Big Bend distriot we expect
that guod gold quartz "ill be fonnd,
ns s iiii" ver; good ores nnd nuggets
wi te brought into Iievelstoke this
fill.    The Consolation  mine and
Other placer diggings hftVe dune very
well, and we hope will oontinue to
do so. ns much work hus been done
by those inti rested,
"Somo dny ihe (nwn nt Revel toko
will wake np to And itself tho centre
ofa great mining distriot, und then
we hope to seo lho Htnoltor iu opora-
ih ana Biuimiuvi,
Merchant Millers, Moosomin, Assa.
Dealers in nil kinds of
Prices given Snehed or in Bulk.    The finest  quality of OATMEAL
nml CO UN MEAL can be obtained in nny sized sacks.
Quotations cheerfully furnished on application.
Special Attention given to the British Columbia Trade.
Moosomin, r-T.W.T. and 25 Spark St. Ottawa, Ont.
Christmas Presents to
The employes of Messrs. Tnokntt
& Son, tolmeco manufacturers, of
Hamilton, Ont,, proprietors of the
celebrated " Myrtle Navy " [dug,
wero treated in a royal manner by
the firm nt Christmas, according to
their usual custom. On Christmas
Eve a meeting of till the hands was
held in the factory. At ono ond of
the room wns a platform decorated
with flags and a picture of the senior
member of the firm at the baid;.
Mr. Geo. T. Tuokett said it was a
great pleasure to call them together
at ibe close of another year, lie regretted his father was not present,
bnt Ihoy bad his likeness before
them. He had received a letter from
him���he was hale and hearty���and
told him to wish them all a merry
Christmas and a happy Now Year.
It hud always been the custom to
present prizes at Christmas, and the
firm would continue to do so. The
intention was to give every piece
hand a turkey and tho day hands a
week's wages.    (Applause.\
il. W. Lamoreanx did not know of
a factory where the employes were
better treated than the hands of
Tuokett k Son,    (Applause.)
Arthur Smith, foreman of the rolling room, spoke of the good treatment of the hands, and was glad that
Mr. Tuekett, sen., bud made a success of the business and was able to
lest ou his oars.
Charles Imboden, foreman of the
casing room, praised tlio linn for its
generosity towards its employes.
John Krug llinuglii the firm stood
unrivalled on the continent. The
hours hud hei n reduced aud the
wages increased,
The ban :s employed iu the factory
number about 850.
Is her. by givi n, that appli lation
will be made to the Legi dative Assembly ol British Columbia at ils
next session for nn Act to incorporate
a Company fur Lhe purpose of constructing, equipping, maintaining and
operating a line of railway to run
from a pi 01 ni     Ren Istoke, in
the Province 11 British Columbia, to
the Upper Atr iw Lake, i mid Province, with ] lonsti      ��� .
.. ......
ne lines
.y.  to-
,      ��� '
es,  bon ;-- or
i ��� nr Provincial
, and tl 'llie and
-   with
; I of Da
A.D. 1892.
will In- made to thi I.
semhlj       B Colli        nt its
ii for an Acl
r the ]
 ��� ������
point ni or item the I
,i    IJ    '.
n, equip an I o|       e
lines, and     o to con
ate telegraph nrtd
connection c ith '���':������
��� | -
.ni the dominion <���
Gov.    ...     . and to male
ni her  arrangements   with   r
Btonmboal und other m   u i ���
[or  nil  othor n ual   mil n<
powers rights nml ptivlli ���
hut ! if Ij
A.D.1   ���'
BARN Wil),
Solicitors for the Applionnts
An English Nurse of 15 yours' experience is dosirons of attending Indies
during sickness.    First-class references.���Apply ollice of this paper.
AGENTS to sell our choico nnd
hardy Nursery Stock. We huve many
new special varieties, both in fruits
nnd ornamentals, to offer, which are
controlled only by us, We pay commission or salary. Write ns at once
for terms, and secure choice of territory.���May Brothers, Nurserymen,
Rochester, N.Y.
W. J. LAW,
Merchant Tailor,
(Near O.P.E. Station)
English Worsteds,Scotch and
Irish Tweeds and Serges
Charmingly situated on tho bunk of
the river, on the principal street,
close to the post-offlce nud
Government buildings,
und nearest to the
W'hn if.
First-class Table, good Beds,
Wagons and all kinds of
Vehicles Repaired.
Shoeing1 a Specialty.
Look out for
Revelstoke Station Post Office.
MllWIlEtt CLOTffilG,
Stoves, Tinware, Crockery, Glassware. Carpets.
Doors, Wiudows, Builders' Hardware, Paints, Oils, Varnishes.
Bakery in connection with Store.
Messrs. 0. B. Hume & Co.,
Revelstoke Station.
Are now showing a line assortment of
Ladies' Workbaskets. Toilet Requisites, etc., etc.
Kootenav Lake
- io; ���
Large Stocks on hand.
Preparations are being made for tlio
Great Builcliiif* Boom ol 1892,
Clearing Charges paid ou
Freight hr Sloean Lake.
Hav and Grain for sale
General Commission
r, lengers billi'I through from
l.\' ONE DAT,
���  :   I I  i      |iply to
Mr. < <��,���, i..,
IJ, ft K. Nnv, Co,
|;-| in i 'I iii.i!   i ui  hoadttcho,
Furniture & Undertaking.
Has a large Stock of Household Furniture, Coffins, Caskets,
Shrouds, &c.
���vi\ r\\>.
I      I
ician. ^i&H
All orders by mini or
ex'Toss promptly
All descriptions of
gdld and silver.
Notary Public - - REVELSTOKE, B. C.
Minln*;, 'I'i in I., r and   Ileal  Estate  Broker and General
Goininlssloii A front.
Conveyances, Agreements, ilillmir Sale, Mining Bonds, etc, drnwn up,
Bonis nnd loconnts collected : Mining Claims bought and sold ; Assess-
menl Work ou Miuiug Claims attended to; Patents ii|i|>liL-il lor, eto., etc,
Lots in Townsite of Uovolsloke lor Bale nnd Wanted,   Agents lor Mining
Machinery, etc


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