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The Hosmer Times Sep 1, 1910

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Array SUBSCRIBE NOW
The Times
ONE DOLLAR a Year
the Hosmer times
SUBSCRIBE NOW
The Times
ONE DOLLAR a Year
Volume III.
HOSMER, B. C, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER   1, 1910
Number
THE NELSON B
Handsome
Appearance
Splendid
Baker
Fully
Guaranteed
The Latest and Most
=Popular Range=
Six Cooking Holes, Large Size 18 Inch Oven,
Copper Contact Reservoir, Handsome Wanning
Closet, Interchangeable Nickle Tea Shelves, Patented
Broiler Top, Nickelled Towel Rail and Shelf, Full
Nickelled Trimmings.
The latest thing in ranges on show at our store
PVirF Complete as out with warming closet and   ttsAfT CA
1 RlvL       reservoir, delivered to your kitchen       ty*i •*lv
With usual discount for cash
BENNETT BROS.
Hardware Furniture
Things You Should Have in August
We. have a most complete line as follows; Tanglefoot Fly Paper,
Chloride of Lime, Moth Halls, Mosquito Oil, Ammonia, Disinfectants,
Polishes, Cleaning Compounds, Talcum Powder, Face Powder,
Creams, Blood Purifiers, Tonics, Fruit .Salts, Citrate Magnesia,
Effervescent Salts, Sodium, Phosphate Lime Juice, Headache Wafers, Shampoos, Hair Tonics, Corn Cure, Foot Powder, Sponges,
Soaps, Scott's Emulsion, Wampoles Cod Liver Oil, Beeshams Pills,
Allinbury'S Foods, Mellin's Pood, Horlick's Malted Milk. Bovril, Bob-
inson's Patent Barley. Robinson's Patent Groats, Nestles Milk Food,
Fluid Magnesia, Joy's Root Beer and thousands of other lines and
every line fresh.
A. B. CAMPBELL
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c^WARLATT'S STORE NEWS
SAY   BOYS !   If >'ou want a comfortable  glove
that    is    guaranteed     WEARPROOF,   FIRE-PROOF,   and    WATER-PROOF
try the K. B. K. Pinto-Shell Cordovan, special $1.35.
Boy's Flnnttrlctto Shirts, gpooial....260 ! Hoy's Gingham Shirts, special..
Men's Gingham Shirts, Bpeoial 40c* j Men's black nnd white stripe..,
.350
4,ic
Just in, a fine stock of newest Ladie's Fancy Collars,  Ties and   Belts
LABOR DAY !     Flags  and   Flag Bunting
GEO. H. MARLATT j£
Opera House Block The Quality Store J
••^••MMMf****-*-***--'-********^***
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HOSMER    HOTEL
MARIE SORKIE, Prop. MIKE SORKIE, Manager
Fine Wines, Liquors and Cigars
Any kind of mixed drinks that you  cull for will be
swrved in First class stylo
Best   Rooms   and   Meals   in   the   Town
YOUR TRADE SOLICITED
Front St.
Hosmer, B. C.
CORONER'S JURY
RENDERS VERICT
Recent Murder Case Under Investigation at Fernie
,    f^^^^^WWWW^WV*W>
We ROYAL
The only Commercial Hotel
Sample Rooms
Main St., Hosmer
The coroner's inquest, held upon the body of Martin Haller,
the man who shot and killed
Win. Palmer, .it tho Kragg hotel on Saturday, Aug. 20th, was
concluded last Friday night at
Fernie, and a verdict rendered.
Chief Constable Sampson, and
his assistants, Constable Lacey
and Morris, of the provincial
force, and Gorman, of the Fornie police force, were examined
as to how Haller met his death.
Sampson's evidence as to tho
conduct of the capture and the
manner of the the man's death
was corroborated by Lacey and
Morris in as far as tlie three
had seen the samo portions of
the chase. Sampson stated
that he thought the fatal shot
had been fired hy Morris, and
Morris confirmed this statement
adding the manner in which it
came about. Ho said tho fugitive had fired point blank at
him at a distance of about 40
yards while he, Haller, was in a
sitting position facing him, and
that the ball came within four
feet of him. Morris then levelled his gun at Haller tind ordered him to throw up his hands,
which the man refused to do,
and he fired, the shot taking
effect.
Constable Gorman's evidence
conflicted with this part of Morris' statement very materially.
According to Gorman's evidence
Hallor was shot by Gorman before ho sat down, and it was in
consequence of his having hit
Haller as he was in a stooping
posture, that the man came to
a sitting posture, groaning from
tho pain of tho gun shot wound
which had passed entirely
through tho man's abdomen,
causing him great pain. Gorman also stated that the shot
which Morris said was fired at
him was au accidental discharge
of Haller's gun which ho was
holding in the hollow of his elbow with the muzzle pointing
upward. Tlio man stated to
Coroner   Bieasdell,    before  ho
Lowery's Upper Stope
The rate of taxation in Kel-
owna is 23$ mills.
The Grand j- orks brass band
has been reorganized.
Senator McLaren's sawmill,
near Blairmore, will be rebuilt
In Fernie tha Grand theatre
is now open on Sunday nights.
There are over 23,000 names
on tho voters list in Vancouver.
Vernon will borrow money to
extend its arc  lighting system.
Several blind pigs are doing
business in South Fort George.
In the Vitkuna new paystreak
has beon struck on Quartz creek
A. H. Coldi.'jan has started a
first class restcurant in Kelow-
ua.
Al Johnson is building a .'.0
room hotel in South Fort
(ioorgo.
Fort George now has telephone connection with Black-
water crossing.
In Kelowna five people were
fined for riding bicycles on sidewalks. et
For committing arson iu
Bupe G. T. Williams was sent
ten years to jaili
The Bluebell mine on Kootenay lake will reopen with a
full force this month.
The hay and vegetable crops
around Fort George are excellent this summer..
Indications of petroleum
have been found between Ab-
botsford and Matsqui.
The Gold Digger newspaper
at Nome litis been closed by the
U. S. Marshall.
At Trail on Labor day, $300
in prizes will boteiven for a rock
drilling contest.J
The Penticton; Herald is now
run by a stock company with a
capital of $10,000.
T. W. Stirling of Kelowna
has, owing to ill health, gone to
Europo on a long vacation.
A bridge is to be built across
the Columbia river at Marble
that will cost $300,000.
Many new seams of coal have
been discovered in the Bulkley
valley the summer.
In Greenwood the new post
office will bo built upon the site
of the Pioneer hotel.
Automobiles can now be driven up the Elk river road, a dis-
diod, that the shot which hit I tance of 40 miles from Hosmer.
him was fired at the place i The Kelowna Courier is over
whore both the constables say six years years of age, and the
they hit him. | people of that city are justly
The verdict rendered  by  the \ proud of it.
jury states that Haller came to      An  English company is ex
EXCOMMUNICATE
ALL FREE MASONS I
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his death as a result of a gun
shot wound, fired by the police
while in the discharge of their
duty, and   oxhonerates    them
pending $10,000,000 upon its
mining plant at Coal Creek,
near Dawson.
Heavy rains last month dam-
from blame. Thoy added a j aged roads tind bridges in the
rider, stating that in their opin-1 Southern Yukon to the extent
ion the territory to bo covered ! of $25,000.
by constable  Lacey    was   too
large for ono man to look after.
Ambulance Class for Hosnier.
A most   successful   meeting
was held on  Saturday evening
in the old school house  for tho
purpose of Wining a class un-1from mosquitoes.
der the St.  John's Ambulance i    Cll,arlcs    Dl,mlec   " °" a
Rossland train last week.     He
Tho Klondike litis produced
$150,000,000 worth of gold, nearly all from placers within 100
miles of Dawson.
In Fairbanks, Alaska, this
summer cubac had to bo burned
in rooms in order to get relief
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I ROBT. GOURLAY, Proi
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X Transient rates $1 per day, special rates by the week |
Opposite C. P. R, depot, Hosmer, B. C. f
Queen's Hotel
Big Free Moving Picture Show
EVERY SATURDAY NIGHT
FROM 8:30   *
Association. Thero was ,-i good
attendance, tind Dr. Higgins
was called to the chair. After
explaining the objects and benefits of such an institution in
this neighborhood, the meeting
proceeded to elect officers
who were as follows:
Hon. President  I.. Stockett
Hon. Vit-ie-l'ii's li. Lc. Thome
President I). (J. Wilson
Vice-President Geo. Rankin
Si'py-Ti-ieus II. L, Brown
Medical Instructor Dr. Higgins
Drill Instructor  I-'. Alderson
Committee. .Alderson, Bartlett, Marx.
Having fully   discussed   the
subject, tho secretary  was in-
I structed to obtain the necessary
j particulars from the St.  John's
Ambulance association    On the
i motion of  Robert  Strachan,  it
j was unanimously agreed to givo
la cordial invitation  to till citizens  who  wero   interested    in
j this work to join the class, and
those willing to  do  so  are  requested to hand in their names
j to the secretary as soon as possible.   The committee are    arranging further details and another meeting will In- called  at
an early date.
Bishop in Quebec Makes a Pronouncement Against Masonry
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Do you enjoy  a   pool
i Drop in on Sain Snell.
game.'
51
discovered the Dundee mine  in
the Ymir district.
Joe Knox was fined $100 and
costs for starting a bush fire
near Sumas without a permit.
Ho was clearing laud.
Harry Gordon died in North
Vancouver last week. He was
the oldest inhabitant, having
lived iu that section over forty
years.
J. J, Donovan is tho first paid
fire chief of North Vancouver.
The salary is $cS() a month, In
a short time four paid firemen
will be appointed.
The G. T. P. railway will reach
Teto Jaunt* Cache within a year.
At present, 2,500 men and 800
teams are working on this railway west of the McLeod river.
There aro 5,000 people at Id-
itarod, the new placer gold
camp in Alaska, many of whom
are broke. There are only SO
men winking upon paying properties iu the camp.
An organization called "The
Clam Diggers" has beon formed
in Vancouver. It is composeut
of writers and newspaper men. I
Perhaps they have to dig clams1
in order le> make both ends
meet in Vancouver.
In a strong address, at Montreal last Tuesday, Bishop Ai-t-li-
ambault, of Joliet, declared
that so far as tho Roman Catholic church is concerned, no
good Catholics could become
members of the Masonic order,
whether French, English in-
Scottish rite. In his address
Mgr. Archambault declared
that free masonry aimed at the
destruction of the Catholic faith
social order, political authority
and even the marriage ti'-.
The Bishop declared that all
Masons came equally under tin-
episcopal ban and would be excommunicated and denied christian burial. Proceeding further he said it was charged thai
some residents of Joliet were
Masons and said if this was
proven he would denounce such
persons ex-Catholic and demand that all good Catholics
vote against tbem i'or any public office.
FAREWELL BANQUET
Hale Fellows Well Met; Two Hosmerities
Entertained on Leaving the District
"A hale fellow well met" was
the keynote of the company
which assembled on Wednesday
evening in the Royal hotel to
do honor to a couplo of townsmen who aro leaving the district to seek pastures new. T.
A. Spears and M. L. McKinnon
were the guests of the moment,
and the company was presided
by C. H. Dunbar. An excellent
menu was purveyed by mine
host, Jarvis, The inner man
made comfortable, the company
was in happy mood. The chairman and the Rev. Nicoll complimented the young men on the
stop they had taken and others
present also spoke in eulogistic
terms of their high and genial
character. Various toasts wero
proposed and suitably responded to. During the evening
Messrs Morgan, Cox and
Patterson contributed toward the night's on-
tainment. An adjournment
was made to thc opera house
where a successful dance took
place as a fitting finish to the
proceedings.
Labor Day Parade.
All of tho final arrangements
have been completed for tin-
Labor day celebration here on
Monday Sept. 5th. G. Mclnnis,
the band and parade mat-shall,
has formed the line of inarch
which is as follows:
Tho parade will start from
the C. P. R. station at 9 a. m.
and march on Front street to
Fifth avenue, then on Main
street to First avenue, along
Front street to Third avenue
and to tho upper side of (.'. P. li.
town, then return to Fronl
street to the recreation grounds
The parade will be formed in
tho following order:
Coleman   Maud
Hosnier Local Union, No.  2-107,
U. M. \V. of A.
The Piper
Citizens
Driving Turnouts
Delivery Turnouts
Draying Turnouts,
Those entering  rigs an-   requested to be   at   tin-  depot   al
8:40 sharp.
R. CHATFIELD       ;
Watchmaker and Jeweller *
Prompt Attention Given to    *
all Kinds of Watch Repairing *
.ln-1 riTi-ive'cl a nice line <>i
SOUVENIR SPOONS
Call and see them
Main Street
Hosmer. B. C.
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PRESERVING PEACHES
Twenty-five cases of Peaches to arrive  Saturday   morninfi.
Procure your supply this week and avoid any disappointments.
Italian Prunes, Crab .Apples, Plums, Pears,
California Grapes, Tomatoes, Green Corn, Cucumbers, Oraagts, Apples, Bananas, in fact
you can buy anything thai is usually
kept by a lirst class Fruiter and  Confectioner.
Confectionery
FRED COX
Ice Cream
City - cTVleat - cTWarket
GABARA BROS., Props
Choice line.- oi Steaks, Chops, Roasts, Sausage, Butter,
Bacon, Eggs, Lard, Etc., Fresh and Salt Fish.
Gabara Block
NearC, I'. It. depot
NOT IX THE TRUST
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ **********************
♦ *
I Real Estate Bargains:
For some snaps in real estate call and
see me. Some good houses and rooms
for rent. Agent for life and accident
insurance in thoroughly reliable corn-
names.
R. W. ROGERS
ost Office Block HOSMER, B. (
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l Are You Going to Build ? I
It should be some sal Isfacl ion to you Mv. < JouRumev, to know I hat
when you order lumber of us you will nol only get stock of quality,
well manufactured, thoroughly dried .-11111 properly graded bul you'll
also get it promptly and al prices which speak for I hcmselves.
Our facilities for the manufacturing of lumber in all grades and
dimensions arc unsurpassed.
The Elk Lumber Company, Ltd.
('. II. Bomfobd, Atronl Hosmer, I!. C.
****************************************************
BANK OF MONTREAL
Capital .
le'l.  Hem.
Sir  Edw
(established I.SITi
'aid Ip si 1,400,000 Res!
HEAD OFFICE MONTREAL
:.i ii 11 i.i it 111
Lord Stratheonti  an
II,e||.   Pl-t
R. B. Angus, V.
ml  Clouston, liart..
1  .Mount   Royal
■siilrnt.
sq.. President.
Vice   President
(i. C. M. (i
.'iiiil (teneral
Manager.
Branches in British Columbia
Arnie-li'oiiK, Chilli-
N'clxaii, Now Ucitt
Slimilllll-lttllll, Veen
He -pee-il- ecf   $1   cm
Imlfyunilv.   Tho
whole oi-un) iMi-t
e'k. I'lee
. Nicole
erctule, Hndci-by, Oreonwi
Xo«    We-ttllill-lC'l'.   IVllI
od, HoKimir, Kolownn, Mi-it
loton, I'rlnce Kupcrt, Itosnln
Savings Bank
'I upward received.    Into
eli'l'ei-il'.r   i-   -illel-'t    lc   in
Of llll   e|, |)OC<it.
Department
e-l  cell..wed  nt   cut,
ililciy ivlintevci* In H'1
11   i;ei. - nnd nnl
ivlthdrawnl ol t'
fc.
C. B. WINTER, Manager
Hosmer Branch
•*****$
Asselin
*****
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Criticism of the Hudson Bay Route.
The fact that Hudson Hay affords the shortest route from
Western Canada to Europe, and
the fact, which is equally manifest and undeniable, that the
route has been used foracouplc
of hundred years, arc two facts
which, when put together in
the light of all past developments in transportation, make
the conclusion inevitable that
when the Hudson Bay rail wny
is built, the terminal requirements provided, the hay nnd
1} tho straits charted and  bghted,
*
I Hosmer Livery & Transfer Co.
I Livery, Cartage and Feed Stable
* Rigs at all Hours at Reasonable Prices
*
X Dealers in Coal
l-'|{<>XT STREET
IK)SMIlK'. li. (
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BSSHSS
newspaper meii.i""1 vessels ready to cai-ry car-
* 1 goes by that  route  to   fcatrope
grain  from    Western   Canada
will flow hy   that   route   to   il
destination in the old world.
eMJis0sm'mmnm.li..nsmwmmsfSmTmmsmmm0s,0m0»m
Valley Beer
Beverage of Quality
Manufactured from Canadian Mall. Bohemian
Hups and I lie- famous Crystal Spring Wtttor
Elk Valley Brewing Co., Limited
CRYSTAL SPRINGS, B.C., (Via Michel) TIIK HOSMER TIMES
A Husband by Proxy
B9 JACK STEELE
i'UAPTKi: XIJX—(Continued)
A Tryst in the Park
HE sat ihere till the sun wus gone
and dusk closed iu upon the city.
Tti*' lirst faint lights began to
.twinkle, like tho palest stars, in the
buildings thai hedged the park about.
He meant to hunt uut a restaurant and
dine presently, but what to do afterward he could uot determine.
There was nothing tu be done at
Branchville **r Hickwood at night, and
but little, for the matter ot that, to be
done by day. Tomorrow would be ample
time t.» return to that theatre of uncertainty, lie longed lor one thing only—
another sight of Dorothy—enshrined
within his heart.
Reminded at last of the man who had
foil wed ou liis trail, he purposely strol
led from tbe park and circled twu
blocks, by streets now almost deserted,
ind was reasonably certain he had
shaken off pursuit. As a mutter of fact,
his "shadow" had lost him in the Sub
vny, and now, having notified the Rob
msuns by telephone, was watching the
house where he roomed.
Garrison ate his dinner in a mood of
ease leas meditation concerning Doro
thy. Ue was worried to know what
might hav.- happened since his depar
■ iu■■ from ber home. Halt' inclined in
one minute to go again to the house,
tn the next  bo WUS quite undecided.
The thought of the telephone came
like an inspiration. Unless the Robin
sons should interfere, he might readily
learn of her condil ion.
1 • .i drug store, near the restaurant,
he found u quiet booth, far bettor suit
ed to his needs thun the noisier, more
"nidi - boxes at the eating place he had
" ' tde the
number
He
iby-hol
himself in
id  fur the
ih
ha.I
wish
when
I tutted.
tin*  eufc
and waited
li  seemed an  interminable time till
a  faint "Hello!" came over the wire.
aad ho  fancied the  voice was a man's.
•• Hello!    Is that  Mrs. Fairfax!" he
iski l.   "I'd like tu speak to Mrs. Fair-
ax."
■ Wait a minute, please.   Who is it ?"
-.ti !  8   voice unmistakably masculine.
"Mr. Wallace," said Garrison, by
wa) nf precaution, "She'll under-
-land."
■ Hold the win-, please!"
lie bold the receiver to his ear, and
.Tailed again. At length came a softer,
■a • musical greeting. It, was Dorothy. His heart was instantly leaping
.t ; he sound of her voice.
"Hello! Is that, someone to speak to
r»et" she said. "This is Mrs. Fair
fax."
" Ves," answered Garrison. "This is
lerrold. 1 felt T must, find out. about
■V..H -how you are. I've been distressed
it the way I was obliged lo leave."
"OhI" said the voice faintly. "I—
1" i all right—thank you. I must see
you- light away." Hit voice had sunk
to .1 tone he could barely distinguish,
■' •'. In-re are you now?''
'' Downtown,"    said    Garrison
'   * acre shall I  meet you !''
"!—hardly know," came the barely
au lible   reply.    " Perhaps—at   (Jentrai
I'nrk  and  Ninety third Street."
'I'll start at once," lie assured  her,
'■■i you leave the house iu fifteen min
■ des   we  shall   arrive   about   the   same
time.    Try   to   avoid    being   followed.
Good by."
IT' listened to hear her answer, but
it ii 1 not come. He heard the distant
receiver cling against its hook, ami then
1 te  connection was broken,
He wa™ happy, in a wild, lawless man
i.it. as he left' the place ami hastened
io the Elevated station. The prospect
of meeting Dorothy once more, in the
warm, fragrant night, at a tryst, like
'hat of lovers, made his pulses
tad his heart boat quicken with .
rnent. All thought uf her possibl
nection with thi; Branchville entitled.
The train could not  run  fast  e
o satisfy his hot impatience.  He
id to be there beneath the trees
-he should presently eome.    lie alighted
.t  last at the  Ninety-third Street  sta-
' inn. and  haste net!  to  the park.
When he came to tin; appointed place
he found an entrance to the greenery
near by. Within were people on every
bench in sight—New York's unhoused
lovers, whose wooing i.s accomplished in
the all but sylvan glades which the
park affords.
Here and there a bit uf animated
flame made a tiny meteor streak against
the blackness of the foliage—where a
firefly quested for its mate, switching
OB its marvellnus tittle searchlight. IJe-
>ond, on the smooth, broad roadways,
four-eyed chariots of power shot silently through the avenues of trees—the
uitos, like living dragons, half tamed
fy man's cuntrnl.
It was all thrilling and exciting to
'iarrisou, with the expectation of meet
mg Dorothy now possessing all his na
ture. Then—a few great drops id' rain
began to full. The effect was almost instantaneous. A dozen pairs of sweet
hearts, together witli as many more ununited stragglers, came scuttling forth
from unseen places, making a lively run
for the nearest shelter.
Harrison could not retreat. He did
not mind the rain, except in so far as it
might discourage Dofothy. Hut, think
ng she might have gone inside the
park, he walked there briskly, looking
tor some solitary figure that should by
this time be iu waiting. He thought
•**ho had not come and perhaps in the
rain she might  not   nrrire ul   all.
Buck towards the entrance he loiter
ed. A lull ii: the trnlTic uf the street
iiad made the [dace singularly stil!. He
could hear the raindrops beating on the
eaves. Then t hev censed ns abruptly
ih they hud commenced.
He turned once more down the dimly
lighted pnth,    His heart  Rave a <piick.
joyous leap.    Near a bench wns a figure
the figure of a woman whose grace, he
fancied, wns familiar,
Her hack was apparently turned as
io <irew ne.ir. He was about tn whistle,
il f uly to warn her of his coming, when
thf shrubbery just ahead uml beside
th path wns abruptly parted and a man
with a short, wrapped club
"..rig forth  nnd  st ruck   h
i r   the   head.
He was tailing, dimly conscious of a
horrible blur of lights in his eyes, as
helplessly as if he had been made of
jiaper. A second blow, before he crumpled on the pavement, blotted out the
last remaining vestige of emotion. He
lay thero in a limp, awkward heap,
The female figure had turned, and
now came striding to the place with a
step too long for a woman. There was
no word spoken. Together the two lifted Garrison's unconscious form, carried
it quickly to the shrubbery, fumbled
about it for a minute or two, struck a
match that waa shielded from the v.iew
of any possible passer by, and then,
still in silence, hastily quitted the park
and vanished in one or thc glistening
«ide streets, where the ruin was reflecting thc lamps.
CHAPTER XTV.
A Package of Death
A low, distant rumble of thunder denoted a new gathering of storm. Five
minutes passed, and then the lightning
flushed acro.ss the firmament directly
overhead. A crash like the splitting of
the heavens followed, and the rain came
down as of  it poured through  the slit.
The violence lasted hardly more thun
live minutes, after which the downpour
abated u little of its fury. Hut a steadier, quieter precipitation continued,
with the swiftly moving centre of disturbance .already fur across the sky.
The rain in his face, and the brisk
puff of newly washed ozone in his
heavily moving lungs, aroused Garri-
son's struggling consciousness by slow
degrees. Strange, fantastic images, old'
memories, weird phantoms, and wholly j
impossible fancies played through his
brain with the .lull, torturing persistency of nightmares for a time that
seemed to him endless.
It was fully half an hour befon> he
wns sifllciently aroused to roll to an upright position and puss his hand before
his  eyes.
He was stck and weak. He could not
recall what had happened. ll>' 'lid u->t
know where he was.
lie was all hut soaked by the rain,
despite the fact that a tree'with dense,
foliage was spread above him, ami he
had Jain beneath protecting shrubberies.
Slowly tlie numbness seemed to puss
from his brain, like the mist from the
Burface of a lake. lie remembered
things, as it were, in  patches.
Dorothy -that wns it uinl something
had happened.
lie was stupidly a ware that he was
sitting on something uncomfortable-
u lump, perhaps a stone--but. he did not
move, Me wus waiting for his bruin to
clear. When at length he hoisted his
heavy weight upon his knees, and then
staggered drunkenly to his feet, to blunder toward u tree und support himself
by its trunk, his normal circulation be
gun to be restored, and pain assailed
his skull, arousing him further to his
senses.
He leaned for some time against the
tree, gathering up the threads of the
tangle. It all came back, distinct ami
sharp at last, and, with memory, his I
strength was returning. He felt of his
head, on which his hat was jammed.
The bone und the muscles at the |
base of the skull were sore and sensitive, but the hurt had not gone i\t-fu. j
He felt incapable of thinking it out—;
the reasons, and all thnt it meant. Hei
wondered if his attacker hnd thought toj
leave him dead.
Mechanically his hands sought out j
his pockets. He found his watch and
pocket book in place. Some weight seemed dragging ut his coat. When his hand !
went slowly to the place, bo found it !
out- a cold, cylindrical affair, of metal,
with a thick cord hnnging from its end.
visible
all  its sombre
of  light
windows.
Aware that nothing is so utterly con
fusing to a guilty being as to be con
fronted unexpectedly by a victim,
posed  to   bc  dispatched,   Garrison  had   . ,      .
come this far without the slightest hesi-1 ,Elana5
tation.    The aspect of the house, however, was discouraging.
Despite the ache at the base of his
skull, and despite the excited thumping
of his heart, he crossed the street,
climbed unhultingly to the steps, and
rang the bell. He had made up his mind
to act as if nothing unusual had occur
red. Then, should either Dorothy or the
Robinsons exhibit astonishment at beholding him there, or otherwise betray
a guilty knowledge of the "accident"
which had befallen him, his doubts
would be promptly cleared.
A minute passed, and nothing happened.
He rang the bell again.
Once more he waited, in vain.
About to despair of gaining udmis
sion, he was gratified to note a dimly
reflected light, as if from the rear, below stairs. Then the hall was illumined,
and presently a chain lock was drawn,
inside the door, the barrier swung open,
und the serving woman stood there be
fore him, dressed with the evidences of
haste that advertised the fact that she
had risen from her bed.
Harrison snatched ut his wits in time
to act a part for which he had not been
prepared.
" I "ni afraid it's pretty late," he suid,
"but I came to surprise my wife,"
"My word, that's loo bad. sir. ain't
it ? " suid the woman. '' Mrs. Fairfax has
went out for the night.''
This was tne truth. Dorothy, together
with the Robinsons, had left the house
un hour before ami gone awuv in an
automobile, leaving no word of their
destination or when they intended to re
turn.
Utterly baffled, and wholly nt a loss tn
understand this unexpected mnnouovre,
Garrison stood for a moment staring at
thc woman, After all, such a flight was
in reasonable sequonce, it' Dorothy were
guilty. Tho one thing to do wus to
avail himself of all obtainable know
ledge.
r the  eight,"  he  repeat
Fairfax   seem   anxious
'Gone-
*T>id   Mr
man soon drifted away to the placer
mines, but the "color" he found there
was mostly local color. He soon came
back to the bay with little gold in his
purse, but the experiences he had stored up were afterwards transmuted iuto
much precious metal by the magic of
his pen.
In a year or so the wanderlust came
back to Twain. Life on the Mississippi,
a trip East as an itinerant printer, the
stage journey across the plains, the
weeks and months in the Sierra, had
given him the curse of the wandering
I foot. lie must move on. So, getting a
m- roving billet from the Sacramento Un-
- *-| ion, Twain sailed for the Sandwich
;is Hawaii was then culled. His
Arrival there was the cause of mixed
impressions. To the beachcombers he
was welcome ns one to the manner born,
I'ut the missionaries, who had grown
more stiff and formal as the years went
by and moro oppressed by the duty of
guarding the covenant in a heathen
Innd. had their suspicions that the newcomer possessed a worldly mind. The
church bells had rung, but Mark had
heard the ukelele first. He had gone
ro live on the street of the British—
Beretnnia—ami had scoffed at the Ka
w.'iirthno settlement of tiie saints. And
instead of showing respect fur the Kan
ukn government, a feeling which the
missionaries, for purposes ef their own,
•ere Hying to inculcate, he described
it us "fhe machinery of the Great. Eastern packed into a sardine box." and
made great fun of tlie black pui-cators
in royal uniforms, with their Sow Ping
land prime minister, "wlio never tired
of abusing the land iPf his birth and
glorifying the seven by-nine kingdom
that liarborel him."
Murk Twain's letters to the Sacramento Fnion were a new departure in
Pacific Coasl journalism; they were ho
fresh and bright, so audacious and unconventional, The first one gave the
Fnion a notable scoop in nu account, of
fhe wreck of n well-known deep-water
ship, the Hornet. Naturally the literary wayfarer soon looked up the Honolulu printing office ami made himself at
home there; and now and then he took
oild jobs. Hut he gol no regular employment; he was too irregular himself.
Henry M. Whitney, founder of the Pacific Commercial Advertiser, then as
row the leading paper of the islands,
thus describes Mark Twain's advent,
The quotation is from Mr. Whitney's
ii n pul dish ed  reminiscences:
■'It wns ie the early 'sixties when a
stranger entered the Advertiser's sanctum and introduced himself as the correspondent nf a California paper—the
Sacramento Fnion, perhaps—and offered
■d.  tr
t<
ID;
ist in ne
ng then
WV
spnper work it ag
ne assistant, Nat
y clever writer, i
-able,
galls,
open-
held no grudge because "that clever
writer, Nat Ingalls," had been preferred to him ns a reporter. Twain wrote:
"Hy a Sandwich Island paper—the
Commercial Advertiser—I learned that
H. M. Whitney, its able editor and proprietor for many years, was just retiring
from business, having sold out to younger men. 1 take this opportunity for
thanking the disappearing veteran for
courtesies done nnd information afforded me in bygone days. He is one of the
fuirest-minded cannibals I ever knew,
if I do say it myself. I can not think
of him without my mouth watering.    .
. . We lived on the fat of the land
in  those halcyon  days.''
Returning to San Francisco. Mark
Twain did fugitive work, in the form
of San Francisco letters, for a paper
ailed the Daily Hawaiian Herald, which
Colonel Ayres, one of the founders of
Ihe Call, had started. The Herald announced this new attraction in terms
which may well be contrasted with
those of larger publications in wider
parishes since:
"Sam Clemens — 'Mark Twain' —
which is merely his iiom de plume—has
been by us advised to correspond with
tlie Herald in his vivid and gossiping
style. We shall expect letters from him
soon, and us our people are aware of the
vim and pungency of his pen we look
forwurd to an interesting addition of
the latest news to our columns."
In the next edition the editor said:
cr Sam
" We have just been reading
Clemen's last letter, and in the following incident he blunders on so much
tmth that we have a notion to countermand our order to communicate with
ns. Speaking of photographs, he says
thnt they ure all fftlae, aud feelingly re
marks: ' So photograph was ever yet
good of anybody—hunger and thirst uml
utter wretchedness overtake the outlaw
wdio invented it. It transforms Into des
peradoos the meekest of men; depicts
sinless innocence on the pictured faces
of ruffians; gives the wise mun the stupid leer of a fool and the fool the expression of more than earl lily wisdom,
If a man tries to look serious when he
sits for his picture the photographer
makes him as solemn as an owl; if he
smiles, the photograph smirks repulsively; if he tries to look pleasant, the photograph looks silly; if he makes thc
fatal mistake of trying to seem pensive,
the camera will surely write him down I £
an ass. Tlio sun never looks through a ,' •
photographer's instrument that it does °
not priut a lio. The piece oi* glass it 1!
prints on is well-named a " nogativ
ston, the Mayor and Board of Supervisors, the Orphan Asylum, various
benevolent societies, Citizens on Foot
and Horseback and 3,u00 in Steerage.
They had heard with deepest concern,
that Mark proposed to read a chapter
or two of that forthcoming book. They
pointed out, as his personal friends, that
there was a limit to human endurance.
They wanted to see the man prosper, but
this was an atrocity. Mark, however,
was firm. He would lecture anyhow. He
would torment the people if he pleased.
He had a better right to do it, he said,
thun those strange lecturers and orators
who had come from abroad. If the
people couldn't stand the dollar admission what were they here for? Others
came to the relief of the protestants aud
a letter signed by all the banks, the
Olympic Chin, and the Typographical
L nion offered to pay his return fure to
Sow York if he would "curb his spirit
oi' lawless violence" and go away. Then
came an appeal from the press. It was
to the point: "Will you start now without any unnecessary delay?" The signers represented the Alta, Bulletin,
Times, Call, Examiner, Figaro, Spirit of
the Times, Dispatch, News-Let ter, Gold-
n City, Golden Era, Dramatic Chronicle,
Police Gazette, the Californian, and the
Overland Monthly. Next there was a letter signed "The Clergy." "Do not do-
lay your departure," it said. "Vou can
come buck and lecture another time. In
fhe language of the worldly, 'You can
cut and come again.' " A wurning also
camo from an official source.    It read:
"Mark   Twain—J>
better go.
"The Chief of police."
Mark   Twu in   renin i ned   culm  und   replied   ns   follows:
••Sun Francisco, .Tune 30th,
"Gentlemen: Restrain your emotions,
Vou observe they can not avail.  Head:
'' New Mercantile Library, Hush
Street, July 'J. One night only! Fare-
| well lecture of Mark Twain. Subject,
-The Oldest of ihe Republics Venice/
No extra charge for reserved seats.
Doors open at 7, orgies to commence at
Sir:   You   hud
a p.m.
"The   lecture   will   be   delivered   cer
tainly on the 2nd, uud  the event  will
be celebrated two days afterward by a
discharge of artillery on the lth, n procession  of citizens,  the  rending of  the
Declaration of Independence, nnd by a
orgeous display of fireworks from Rus-
inn  Hill in the evening, which I hnve
rdercd at my sole expense, the cost be-
!ig  $80,000,    The  public   displays  and
ceremonies projected to give fitting eclat
n eontradictio;
falsehood.    I
matter bceausi
has represented me as a Solomou, a mis
sionary, n burglar, nud an abject   idiot
and I am neither.'
b.
-a misrepresentation—a Ito this occasion have
-peak   feelingly   of   this I aejayed until tho fourth.
by turns the instrument
unav
iidably
Then a chill crept :.ll the distance down I
his  spine.
The thing was a bomb!
Cold perspiration and u sense of horror came upon him together. An underlying current of thought, feebly loft un- j
focused in his brain—a thought of him-
self as a victim, lured to the park fort
this deed—became as slinging us a blow
mi 1h" cheek.
Tie1 cord on this metal engine uf des-j
truel ion was a. fuse. The rain hud
drenched it and quenched its spark of
fire, doubtless at some break in the fibre
since fuse is supposedly wafer proof.
Nothing   but   the   thunder-storm   had
1 to save his life. He
into ;i t rap, like a t rusting
chance alone had interveni
him   forth alive.
II is brain by now was
ad ive. Reactionary energy
upon him to sharpen his fact
was  nothing  left   of   fhe  jo
had walked!
tnimal, ami ,-
sp'
thoroughly
rushed in
Ities. There
yous throbbing in his veins which thoughts of his
tryst with Dorothy had engendered. He
felt like the wrathful dupe of a woman's wiles, for it seemed us plain ns
soot on snow that Dorothy, fearing the
consequences of his recent discoveries
in the Hardy case, had made this park
appointment only with tllis treacherous
intent.
All his old, banished suspicions rushed pell-mell upon his mind, and with
them came new indications of her guilt.
Her voire on the telephone had been
weak and faltering. She hud chosen the
park as their meeting place, as the only
available spot for such a deed. And then
—then	
It seemed too horrible to be true, but
the wound was on his head, nnd death
was in his hand. It was almost impossible that anyone could have heard their
talk over the 'phone. He was left no
alternative theory to work on, except
that perhaps the Uobinsuns had man
aged, through somo machination, to
learn that he and Dorothy were to meet
at this convenient place.
One struggling ray of hope was thus
vouchsafed him, yet he felt as if perhaps he had already given Dorothy the
benefit of too many reasonable doubts.
He could be certain of one thing only—
he was thoroughly involved in a mesh of
crime and intrigue that had now assumed a new nnd persouul menace. Here
niter he must work more for Garrison
nud less for romantic ideals.
Anger came to assist in restoring his
strength. Par from undergoing nny
sense nf alarm which would frighten
him nut of further effort to probe t>. the
bottom of the business, he was stub
burnly determined to remain on the
case till  tin-  whole thing was stripped
nf  ils secrets.
Not with..ut a certain weakness at the
knee-, did hi1 make his way back tn the
path.
He had io- fear of lurking enemies,,
since those who had  placed the bomb
in   In-  j K.t   would  long  before  have
fled the scene to make nn alibi com
plete. The rum hud ceased. Wrapping
the fuse about the metal cartridge in his
hand,  ho  came   beneath   a   lamppost   by
the wall., and looked the thing ovor in
the light,
There  was  nothing   much   to  see.     A j
nipple uf gas pipe, with a cap on either
end. one drilled  through   for  the  inser
tion -if Ihe fuse, described  it  complete
1,:",,i ! ly.    The kink in the fuse where the lain
nusiy  jiad found entrance to dampen the pow
i dei. was plainly to bo seen,
of a | Garrison placed the contrivance in his
pocket. He pulled out his watch. The
hour, tu his amazement, was nearly
ten. Halting to wonder whnt cleverness
might suggest as the best possible thing
to be dooe, he somewhat grimly determined to proceed to Dorothy's house,
CHAPTER XV.
Significant Discoveries
Dump and uncomfortable, he kept to
the farther side of the street, and slackened his pace as he drew near thc dwelling which he realized was a place replete with mystery.
He stood on the opposite sidewalk at
length, nnd gazed across ut the frowning brownstoue front. The placo was
utterly dark.    Not thc slightest chink
T
the
the
old
sail
I back only a  fcfw
i In their applicnti
i a*xe  as  to  their
I average
THE  DAM AND  HIGH LEVEL BRIDGE, ST. ANDREWS LOCKS
"I didn't see her, sir. I couldn't say,
really,'' answered I ho woman. '' M r,
Theodore suid as how she was ailing, sir,
und they wus going away. That's all
1  know about it, sir.
"I'm sorry J missed them." Harrison
murmured, half to himself. i hen u
thought occurred to him abruptly—a
bold suggestion, on which he determined
to act.
"Is my room kept, ready, in case nf
present need like this tonight f " he said.
"Or, if not, could you prepare it .'"
ing offered
•'Still, ti
ii n  unsuspi
ot   news  III.
welcome ai
lor
un,
of Inn
wns n
also s:
II.
ppenr
made
oflice.
i occasional joke played upon
et ing vici im ;i ml racy items
de the stranger's visits very
d showed that he hud :. fund
ready fnr any occasion. He
ily un in vol ei ate joker, bul
i', ul lensl oue box of cigars
g every week o
fc
Murk Twu in did not write long
lh.' Herald, but while he did he fell
pt'onl of his old friend Whitney, saying,
among other things,  that   Whitney  was
it
tar
"It's all quite ready,
and all, the room next
fax's" said the woman
keeps it ready, sir.
clean linen
Mrs. -Fair-
• * 1   always
grate-
lipped
Very good," said Harrison, with his
mind made up to remain nil night und
explore the house for possible clues to
anything connected with its mysteries.
"Vou muy us well return to your apartments.    I can tind my way upstairs."
"Ts there anything 1 could gel you.
sir?" inquired the woman. "Vou look
a bit pule, sir, if you'll pardon the for
wardness.
"Thank
full v. "Al
half a doll
The woman
the hallwav abo
"Good-night,
ymi 're needing
vou'11 ring."
"Hood-night.'
not disturb vou
Wit
n.iastei
e.f t.. the room to which he h
gone before, and waited io
woman  below  retire  to her <|
'I      Im
but
ing
ume
■If  perfect Iv
,'onhl seldom
uveruge,
home i n
ve with
jealous of him becuuse
1 ruth so naturally, n proe
Whitney the lock jaw. '
noi to' be jealous," s:ii
ought ma lo i ry iu ruin
inn more virtuous than h
he   spok
ss which
l-.ut   he
I    Murk;
me  because  I
■is;   L cun not
e   the
gave
ought
"he
who
ph.
-et reenter
;:   lleem   lie
ecu.I    Hie
V Cl*-   J1I-.1   L'Ote"
••Hi-    Im e
liomclinek.    Wi
Ihiw tluys, uml
I iveS W.elllel lim
llll.' llllV III' teen
lee    Hic',1 ',    .11
olf for the nccei
M-lirc'l'ly leieeliin
evecs.      i'.cl'eele'   r
quite   III tarheel    tee   tho
eiceee-el tn lee' Mm-li Twain,
ee  Hcc'tl   liunllv   lillcewn   heelers    i'l"   ( 'lllil'ceniill,   US    III*
I'lii'iny Iiis literary careor,
iic   pastime   waa   ridiug
c hnel im livery stuliles in
I every afternoon the na-
hi.iscs saddled tor hire.
Hu* first plntr that came
nited Iiim. nnd started
tonied ride to Wnikiki,
tee see whnt  his niiiiiinl
celling Hie senshorc the
you, no,'' he answered
I lined is I'e'st.''    lies
ir in her hand.
switched e,n the lie.
ur.
ils
It
vtllillB
tinitnu I
spurred
:ill III I:
l.eictill'j
strn
will
•■VMS
legan tee give
tin' hensl Ho
si lie i-aiiie to
Icilll   ns    I'ltriie
ele
The
111
eere
Ik
ver
he
Wl
■nt
cl  llll
It.
Mi
iirli
it—it  is my
is it i
ture to be reliable,
just us it is his to be shaky on mutters
of fact—we cannot alter these natures—
us leopards can not change our spots."
lu San Francisco, ns a member of the
staff of the Altn California, Twain set
about getting better acquainted. He became u member of the Bohemian Club
nud there nre a few people living here
who recall him us such, William Greer
Harrison among the rest. The club hnd
qunrters on the second floor of a building on Webb und Sacramento Streets;
nnd there Twain found congenial com
j nny.     Me   had   little   reputation   ns  a
his  bubbling  humori *iuocr thought he sny
"lie impressed me,    | :inot|u,r locomotive on
writer   then,   but
made him friends
d ti
• I shnll
said (inrris
I 'm sure.
ample nerve to enact the pnrt of
he ascended the stairs, proceed
ml always
hear  the
inrters in
i.thv'
II.
that
lock.
the basement.
The room denoted nothing unusual.
The roses, which he had taken from the
\.i-*e lo obtain water to sprinkle ou Dor
f: , hail disappeared.   The vnse
there on the table.
crossed the floor and tried the doolie.I  In   Dorothy's boudoir.     It   Wftfl
il.    Without  further ado, lie began
hi- explorations.
It wus not withoul a sense of gratitude thnl he presently discovered the
bathroom nt ihe rear of the hall. Here
he laved his fnee and head, being very
much   refreshed  by  the process.
A secondary hall led away from the
first, and through this he enme at once
to Ihe rooms which had evidently been
set. apart for Dorothy and her husband.
The room which he knew was supposed
to be his own contained nothing save
comfortable furnishings. He, therefore,
went at once to Dorothy's npartments.
(To bt continued)
:,lhl    I
:i1 least. Th
nothing to i
"Thus em
tram cars wi
a long wni It
his volumes
differently, .
tlip   tn   Ihe   V
I'robablv
Mark   Twain
wns hls tipns
n speech i
had  looked
ment  I'or il
ed   in   his p
it   all   the   oi
here:
" Nn   alien
U1IV  deep, sti
r enme  nlong  ami   remonstrated
ie   rider,  snying  that   the  horse
leep.     \\r   instantly  dismounted
ive up his ride for that day
e poor animal probably had
al   for a  day or two.
Id  Mark's ride, und ns the
ri' nol then running, he had
buck  fo town.     In  one of
he  tells  the  story  a  little
ts   ha\ ing  occurred   on   t he
olenuo."
the   most    beautiful   thing
ever suid of uny country
t mphe tn Hawaii, made in
t Chicago Itmg years after he
I   upon   that   land  of enchant
■ lust I ime.    It  is not includ
blished works, which makes
ore worthy of preservation
ys   Mr.   Harrison,   "us   being  a   very j
dl read man and a close student, but j
s  predominant  fruit  wns humor.    II
uld   see  something   humorous  and
colons   iu   things   thnt   would   not
iigiu.     11   u
railroader   indignant   if   he   is
isked if he has nny special credulity or
I prejudice,      He   is   sure   In   answer   no;
but In* is almost equally certain to tell
j you of some one he knows in soma engine   or   trail!   crew   who   curries   some
fetish of my l.udy Luck, or who believes
iin the occult influence of trivial things.
Thirteen has been nu ominous number
I for yenrs.    There is nof an engine numbered  thirteen  on  any  railroad  in  iho
| United States.    Xo locomotive works in
I America   will put   the  finishing touches
| on nn engine or complete it entirely   *n
I a Friday or the thirteenth of the mouth,
' Kven on rush orders the great machin -s
have   to   be   mnde   ready   for   delivery
I some other i]:^-.
Nine is ihe number ihut locomotive
j engineers consider ure even more dangerous thun thirteen. There wus un engineer on one of the Michigan divisions
of the Grand Trunk some years ago, a
daredevil runner, though he never ha».
an accident. Ile feared one thing above
all else, the number nine. He never
took out an engine but once that bore
that number.
(in that occasion his own locomotive
hnd needed some trifling repairs and lu
and his fireman had worked ull day before getting it into shape. Wheu th\\
left the roundhouse at night everything
about it was oiled and polished to perfection, ready to take out thc fust passenger train nt four the next morning.
Hut when they came to hitch on something was found the matter with the
coupling. There was no time to fix it.
An almost new engine, So. 999, was the
only available substitute. Thc engineer
who had such a superstitious fear of
the number nine refused pointblank at
lirst to take this one out; but as no
other locomotive or engineer could be
secured at such short notice he had to
go.
Two   hours   Inter,   iu   the  dawn   of a
winter morning, .just ns they were approaching a small station at full speed
(the train made no stop there) the entile headlight of
the track ahead.
In
land  in nil the world has
ing charm for me but, that
ther   [ami   could   so   longingly
land beseechingly haunt me, sleeping and
; waking, through half a lifetime, as that
one  hus done.     Other things leave  me,
| but   it abides; other things change, but
it remains the same,    l-'or me its balmy
.nils   nre   ulways   blowing;   its   summer
sens Mushing iu  the sun; the pulsing of
; its surf-beat is in my ear; I can see its
garlanded crags, ils leaping cascades, its
plumy palms drowsing by the shore; its
remote   summits   floating   like   islands
above  the  cloud-rack;   I   cun  feel  the
spirit   nf ils woodland  solitudes;   I   can
hear the plush of its brooks; in my nostrils still lives the breath of flowers that
g^and|l"lrisil,,,1 Uv,,,1,.v *v,,;irs :,K"-"
^^^^     trouble of indicting him
his part in the preliminaries of a
dless   duel.     This   was   in   1865   or
WHEN MARK TWAIN  CAME
MARK TWAIN came to San Francis
co from Nevada to save a gram
jury t
fo
Id
1800, his old friend ami employer, Joseph T. Goodman, not being certain
about the year. Twain's first work was
on the Morning Cull, the paper which
Colonel .1. J. Ayres and three other
printers had lately pooled their large
industry and small capital to establish.
Never good nt routine labor, the young
Two or three years since, Mark Twain,
in acknowledging n gift from Hawaii
for his home at, Stormfleld—the gift being a mantelpiece of native woods graven with the Polynesian word of love
and greeting, '' Aloha"-—his reply described Hawaii ns "the most beautiful
fleet of islands nnchored in any sea."
One reference to Kditor Whitney appears in n fugitive article of Mark
Twain's which shows that thc humorist
ri*
be
example,   he
ise   'wo   owls   on   the
something    humorous
■  oked
nted
Murk Twain was
noticed bv others
wi ..Id look ur Hi.
mantel   and   see ^^^^
nbout them thut had been overl
hv every one else until he hud pt
it' out."' Noverth
not a good mixer, and his chronic impe-
cuniosity kept him irom spending much
money with the boys. If anybody lived
nf the club in those dnys Twain was not
one of them, lie was always looking
out lor a cheap boarding house, and one
uny, when ll friend met him on I lost reel carrying □ cigaT box, he said he
was moving. For a while he lived in a
printer's tenement .across the wuy from
. Id Sl. Mary's; und when times wen at
low ebb he did not disdain to sleep
ou a pile of rugs or pnpers in the Alta
oflice. Ono story of hi* poverty he tells
in "Roughing It." He found a piece of
money In the street and let it lie there
while he walked away and enme back
to it. over nnd over again, so ns to feel
once more the joyful shock of discovery.
In the end he gave the coin to a hungrier  mnn.
During this period Mark Twain got
the Alta to send him abroad as n correspondent, with un excursion which wns
leaving Sew York for Europo nnd the
Holy Land. His letters made him famous and the Alta proposed to publish
them, after they had appeared in its
columns, iu book form; but Joseph T.
Goodman, as next friend, induced the
publishers to let the author have the
copyright. The result was "Innocents
Abroad."
Before the book was ready for the
piess Twain returned here, and as funds
were low he concluded to give a lecture,
at. $1 per ticket. The Bohemian Club
rose to the emergency. So did other
friends. A few days before tho lecture
the footlight novice got a letter of protest signed by \V. TI. h. Barnes, Rear-
Admiral Thatcher, Sam Williams, Noah
Itrooks, Mujor-Genernl Halleck, Leland
Stamford, iiret Harte, William 0, Eal-
It was snowing hard and the wind was
blowing n gale,    He started to reverse
his engine; but ns he did so what had
seemed to be the white gleam of a headlight, grew smaller, flickered and disappeared.     Thinking   it   was   oue   of  the
truck signnls, that  had  become obscured by the snow and that the line was
clear,   he   sent   the  engine   forward   at
j full speed again.    A moment later there
j flashed   into view a  freight  train  dead
ahead,   but   still   some   distance   away,
\ faking the siding.
The  pussenger engineer  reversed andj
I yelled  to the fireman  to jump.    On  the |
lireiuan s  side  of  the cnb  was a   maze
of   trucks;   on   the  other  the  way   was
J clear.    The fireman crossed the cab, but
I he   hesitated  before   he  swung  himself
from the bottom step.   This fraction of
a second's delay was fatal for the engineer. His foot tripped nn the fireman's
shoulder as he tried to jump from thc
floor   of   the   cub   and   he   was   thrown
headlong, breaking his neck nnd dying
instantly.   The fireman escaped without
a scratch; but several lost their lives in
the wreck thnt  followed.
Another combination of numbers considered highly unlucky for an engine
is llll "oleventy*'leven,'' These four
ones are looked upon with as much disfavor by all engineers as the three
nines.
Tf an engine behaves well the first
time out, if her maiden trip when she
comes fresh from the shops is smooth
and without mishap, she is looked upon
with approval. She is regarded as trustworthy as a well broken though spirited
horse; but when she has her first accident and thereafter during her etnire
career the superstition is that her mishaps will come in groups of three. This
triology of accidentB is so frequent that
if is no wonder it has become an almost
universal belief.
Trivial things in railroading are either lucky or unlucky. It is bad luck to
turn an ongine to the left when it is
backed out of the roundhouse and run
on thc turntable. If an engineer or
fireman stumbles when climbing into or
out of his cab, it is considered very un
lucky. It is also unlucky to step to tbe
cab with the left foot first. Kven if au
engineer is not superstitious about this,
there is a good and practical reason for
it. An engineer always climbs aboard
on tiie right hand side of his locomotive.
The chances arc that he lias nn oil can
or a wrench in his left hand, and his
right instinctively catches hold of the
grab iron on that side to lift himself
up. The right foot follows as a matter
of course.
An engineer, however, almost always
gets off by the left side of his cab,
especially when he gets down to oil or
tinker with his engine. There is a
practical reason for this also. The engineer carries his tools in his left hand
when he is climbing down the steps.
Therefore, the left is the handiest side
to leave by. It is held to be a sure sign-
of accident if an engineer happens to
get down by the steps on his side of the
cab. In fact, about the only time he
does so is wheu a wreck is imminent,
and, after reversing and setting the
brakes, he swings himself to the ground.
That is why, in" all probability, this belief  has  become  so  firmly  established.
Superstitions about stumbling are not
confined to those who ride on the engines. If nny yard or train hand stubs
his toe in crossing the track, he is sure
to turn about and step high over thc
rail so ns to obviate any future ill-luck.
This is specially the case when he trips
over a switch frog.
The supersitions that railroad meo,
especially engineers, have nbout the
moon, doubtless have some connection
with the fact that they fear moonlight
nights more than any others; the shadows then are so deceptive. The darker
the night, the clearer the signals shine.
lt is a universal custom among engineers to be careful to get their first
glimpse of the new monti over their
right shoulder, no matter where they
may be. ],y some it is considered luckier still to see the new moon dead ahead
along the track. When the new moon
appears on Friday there is more than ordinary necessity for being cautious.
There are unlucky months as well as
unlucky days, railroad men firmly believe September is the unlucky month,
lt is n matter of record that there nre
more accidents during thut, month than
in any other of the year. No one knows
why.
EngineerSj as a class, carry pocket
pieces—queer coins, stones, or something they consider lucky. To lose ono
of these talismans is such a calamity
that many an engineer has skipped u
run rather than go out in the face of
such u warning.
Curiously enough, dreams do not figure to any appreciable extent among
the .superstitions of the railroad. There
nre few well authenticated cases where
n dream has presaged disaster either to
the individual railway man or to the
traveling public in general. One of the
I dreams that enme true happened to an
! engineer ou  the  Mexican Central.
He wns handling Ihe northbound pas-
senger  train   that   leaves   the   City  of
'Mexico daily for the States.    His fire-
,„, ....    ,     ,   man was o  Mexican,    One morning he
I hose ol  the laud , .    .,     . .     .     «, .***   ,
.,      , i.i went to the trainmaster s office nnd ask-
roilrond    men,    date      .   ^     , ..       ,   ,. . .
,,,, led  to  be  relieved   from   his  next trip.
ears.     1 hev nre new   ,,.    ,. , ,    ,   ., '
,.,.•■ ■ i   His fireman ulso appeared at  the same
, but  ot   iiiiuiemori-il   .. .., .,    ' ' ,     „,,
I tune with u similar request, i lie engineer finally acknowledged that his reason
i for demanding the layoff was a dream
I that his fireman hud had the night before which wa.s that his engine had met
another toward the end of fhe run and
that in the collision muny lives were
lost. When a fatal railway accident-
occurs in .Mexico 1 he custom of the
authorities there is to imprison ull surviving members of the engine und train
crews until the mutter is investigated
nud the rsponsihility fixed. This takes
three mouths sometimes, uud Mexican
jails are i ot very sanitary. Further
than that, whoever is found to blame is
sent, to tho penitentiary.
Neither ridicule nor threats could
move this engineer or his-fireman; so
two others look their plnces in the cab
when the train pulled out that evening.
Sure enough, the collision happened just
as the dream had foretold, uut\ both
of thom  were   killed.
Cross-eyed men are very unpopular on
a railroad. It is impossible for one of
them to get employment except in
some unimportant capacity. Even theu
the prejudice against them is historic.
One of the oldest tales of railroad life
relates to u cross-eyed section hand. It
is told by tie tampers from Manhattan
to Mendocino. If the track gang is
composed of Italians the incident is laid
on one of the Roman railroads; if they
are Swedes, it happened in their fatherland, and so on. It is oue of the few
supersititions that seem to have originated within the last, fifty years, and is
so thoroughly believed in that the average section boss will tell you that he
was personally acquainted with everyone of the men involved.
Ten section hands were wanted in a
hurry to seud out on the line. Nine
appeared; but the tenth sent word that
he was ill and could not come. Just
at this juncture a cross-eyed man applied to the section boss for the vacant
job. Despite his instinctive misgivings
nnd the mutterings of the men he hired
him. Thereupon a cloud of evil luck
settled down on the gang and stayed
there. The first day one of the men was
laid out by sunstroke. The gang lost
one man each month for ten months.
The cross-eyed man was the last to go,
the sole survivor of the unlucky ten
and the one who reaped the fullest
measure of misfortune. He tried to
cross the track in front of the pay
train  and  wns run over and  killed.
In one of his books Mark Twain tells
of the success of the lecture and gives
ample credit to n well*organized claque.
The house was full, the lecture wns en
joyed, the till of the boxulliee overflowed. The next duy the fun-maker sailed
away to become, in good time, the tlenn
of American letters and Ihe mosl lovable
figure perhaps, in the realm of contemporary authorship,
EAILROAD SUPERSTITIONS
IIK superstitions of mariners nr
llu
NO WONDER CHARLES DIED
C1 HAKLES II. lived less than n wet
V     after   he   was   attacked   by
It
his
fatal illness, and it is wonderful
that he lived so long. A monograph on
"The Last Days of Charles 11.," which
has lately been published by the Clarendon Press, gives some extraordinary details of those last days. The royal patient had fourteen doctors in attendance. They bled him to the extent of
thirty-four ounces; they shaved his hair
and applied blistering agents all over
his head; they also applied plasters to
the soles of his feet; und they dosed
him with "orange infusion of the metals; white vitriol dissolved iu compound
paeony water; powder of sacred bitter;
syrup of buckthorn; rock salt; emetic
wine; two-blend pills; byrouy compound; powder of white hellebore roots;
powder of cowslip flowers; best manna;
cream of tartar; barley and licorice;
sweet almond kernels; sal, ammoniac;
antidotal milk water; mallow root; melon seeds; chicken broth; bark of elm; a
julep of black cherry water; flowers of
lime; lilies of the valley; paeony compound; spirit of lavender; prepared
pearls and white sugar candy; senna
leaves; flowers of camomile; gentian
root; nutmeg, ale made without hops;
spirit of human skull (commonly employed in convulsive disorders; the purpose was suggestive, viz. to excite horror,
as it was to be the skull of a man who
had died a violent death); Peruvian
bark; syrup of cloves; Raleigh's stronger antidote; Goa stone; Rhine wine; and
Oriental bor.oar stone." Dr. Raymond
Crawford, the author of this odd historical sketch, believes that the king's
trouble was not apoplexy, but Bright'a
disease. » tup: hosmer times
Why Newfoundland Stays Out
of Confederation
By P. T. McGruth (from Canadian Collier's).
IN view of Canada's recent attainment of a new national status by
the creation of her own navy, it
may uot seem amiss to set out for the
Canadian people thc reasons why Newfoundland stays out of thc Confederation; and the arguments which are advanced, on the other hand, by thc advocates of union as showing why she
.should enter it. The recent marked
Improvement in the colony's economic
conditions invests this matter with a
special significance at the present juncture, because Newfoundland is uow
entering upon a new era in her colonial
existence destined to be fraught with
momentous results and probably to
make thc prospect of union with Canada
less likely thun ever before.
Newfoundland, ns  is well   known,  i
the  oldest  colony  of the empire.    K.>
elusive of its territory in  Eastern Lb
brador,   estimated    at    liiO,UO.)   square
miles, or almost as much as that of Canada 'b   three    Maritime   Provinces   together, nnd though  it, has only 350,000
people   as   against   a   million   iu   these
provinces,  ils  population   has  increased
lifty per cent, in forty years as against
nu increase of but fifteen per cent, in
these provinces in the same period.
According to the last census, it increased 9,47 per cent, in the decade,
whereas Nova Scotia increased but -
per cent, and New Brunswick only 3
per cont., while Prince Edward Island
actually decreased - per cent., aud Canada as a whole increased only 10.14 per
cent., all her Immense assisted immigration included, whereas Newfoundland
has no immigration whatever. During
the ten years now euding, Newfoundland's revenue, imports, and exports
have doubled; the savings of her people
have trebled*, aud her increase in material wealth during that period cun fairly
challenge comparison with auy of Canada's older provinces, while she is now
ou the threshold of new developments
which promise to enormously enhance
her material prosperity. Her fishery
products at present, represent four-fifths
of her exports and muke her the greatest lishing country in the world, but the
recent successful manufacture of pulp
and paper iu the island by the Harms-
worths, of London, presages an industry
that in a very few years will dispute
with the fisheries for her industrial su
premacy, while the mineral wealth of
the island is being exploited at present
on a large scale. In both these directions Labrador is likewise becoming un
important factor, so that the outside
world may bo suid to be only dimly
realizing at present what vast possibilities for material advancement Newfoundland undoubtedly possesses. It is
therefore not surprising that she should
be an object of interest to her neighbors
and that the question of Confederation
should always bc more or less iu evidence.
Not for forty years, however, has it
been actually before the people of the
colony in the form of a definite positive
proposition from any of its legislators,
though there has never been a political
contest iu the island in which it has
not figured. In 1S(>9 the question was
submitted to the people at a general
election, which resulted in completely
overthrowing the advocates of tho measure, only eight being returned. The
late Mr. Charles Dennett wns at the
head of the Anti-Confederates. Possessed of great energy and of wide
spread influence, he wenl into the contest well prepared and supplied with
the munitions of war. On thu Confederation side stood Sir F. Carter, the
leader of the Government; Sir William
Whil.enwuy, Sir A. Shea, and with them
members of the party supposed to be
strong in the confidence of the electors.
So strong did they feel themselves that
they neglected precautious to counteract a well-prepared programme of attack, which was ornamented with terrifying pictures of children used as gun-
wads by Canadian filibusters; of the
bleaching bones of Newfoundlanders
compelled to fight the battle of their
masters und left to rot on every Canadian shore; of high tuxes on all the
necessaries of life, and ou all the effects
of the householder, including each pane
of glass in his humble dwelling. The
electors were told, in a country when
coal is un worked} that no wood oi
firewood could be cut or procured with
out a license, costing in the eyes of the
people fabulous prices, and so far did
this aspect of the panic extend that
numbers of households cut down aud
stored away supplies of firewood to last
them ten years. Thc cemeteries were to
be locked, only to bo opened by payment of a high fee to the Canadian
agent by each applicant for permission
to bury the dead, and men were dressed
in soldiers' clothes and sent to scout
around remote fishing hamlets, the people being then told that thoy were members of Canadian press-gangs sent to
seize and carry away the able-bodied
males to fight in the Canadian army.
So universal was the panic provoked
by all these extraordinary methods of
political warfare that tho people rose
in their might and swept the Confederates out. of political existence for the
time being. In some places Confederate
candidates wero not ullowed to land
from the little vessels in which they
were visiting the coastal villages comprising their constituencies, lu other
cases, where they had effected landings
and the fact became known, they were
forced to flee from the infuriated populace, and iu not a few instances they
were actually tired upon by some irate
electors, who believed in summary
methods of dealing with politicians who
would "sell tho country."
In the original conference at Quebec,
which framed the act of union thnt
made Canada a whole, Newfoundland
was represented by Messrs. Carter and
Shea; and in 1807, when tho nucleus of
Canada, us we know it, was formed,
these politicians advocated Newfoundland's becoming a party of the same
arrangement, Tho eclipse they suffered, however, in 1860 was but temporary,
for at the next election a religious
issue ensued, and the Bennett, "Ministry,
which had carried the country by a
narrow majority, was defeated in the
Legislature by the defection of some of
its own supporters, and the Carter aud
Shea administration won a signal triumph in unother appeal to the country
a year later, these leaders having meanwhile given the most explicit pledges
that they would not revive the subject
of union with Canada.
In subsequent elections pro-union candidates were singled out for criticism,
but not till 1886 did Sir Charles Tuppcr,
during a visit to thc colony, reopen the
question, und the Thorburn Government
then in office, took it up, sending delegates to Canada to negotiate terms, but
such an outburst of popular hostility
was aroused that they were called back
by telegraph from Halifax and the plan
was abandoned. Tn 1895, following
upon the disastrous "bank crash,"
which for a time threatened the solvent
existence of the colony and seemed to
leave it no alternative but Confederation or Crown Colony, the Whitcaway
Ministry sought union, and Messrs.
Bond, Morris, Horwood, and Emerson
were appointed as delegates, but the
terms offered by Canada, not being
satisfactory, would uot be entertained,
and the colony made other efforts to
secure herself, und succeeded in carrying out her fiscal rehabilitation. In the
last four general elections—in 19U0,
1904, and iu the double struggle of
November, 1909, occasioned by the
Bond-Morris deadlock of eighteen seats
each in November—Confederation played a large part, notably the latter of
these struggles.
It was not officially before tho colony,
but the Bondites claimed that the Mor-
risites were really confederate Ln sentiment and supported by Canadian money
iu a plot to bring about union if they
won. Public feeling was greatly inflate
ed as a result of this, but the Morrisites
countered most effectively by producing
a series of letters written to Canadian
public mon by a Canadian who was hold
to bo au emissary of Sir Robert Bond's,
and the publication of these documents
at a decisive moment, just before polling, provoked a series of dramatic manifestations of public feeling and contributed not a little to the striking overthrow of  the  bond   parly.
The advantages to Canada of acquiring Newfoundland may be briefly stated. The island lies athwart the tiulf
of St. Lawrence. It and the Labrador
coast comprise u moiety of the liritish
American Aflaiilic coast line. Canada's
trade skirts its shores and passes under
its surveillance. Were a foreign power
to own the colony the situation would
be intolerable for Canada. I'nder the
present, semi-independence, grave difficulties have arisen ami may arise again,
and, in addition to possible dangers,
there are immediate disabilities. The
farmer of the prairies aud the cattle-
shipper of Ontario alike are interested
in the safety of the Sl, Lawrence route.
The road from Montreal to Ihe sea
should be lighted like a street, but over
seven or eight hundred miles of coast
line the Dominion has no jurisdiction.
By virtue of its position the entrance of
Newfoundland into Confederation is of
the first importance to Canada. The accession of Newfoundland to the Dominion would give the new nnd larger Canada control of tin; great Atlantic fish-
erics.
The situation in some respects is
simple. To catch cod a particular
species of bait is essential. The coast
of Newfoundland supplies this bait iu
abundance; the Nova Scotia coast hus n
limited supply; United Stales fishing
vessels have no home supply of bait
whatever. Consequently American fishing schooners must get all and Canadian vessels must gel part of their bait
from the Newfoundlanders. American
fishermen stay in the business by suf-
forance of Canada and Newfoundland,
ami by playing the one against the
other. Were Newfoundland purt of
Canada, her fishermen nnd those of
Nova Scotia would have common interests, and the American fishing concerns
would be at the mercy of the Dominion
Government. At present an oppressive
tariff keeps British fishermen out of the
American market, although the Cilou-
cester fishermen nre not able to catch
fish enough to supply the demand, and
drive a thriving trade in buying fish
from the British fishermen uui selling
them ns their own catch. If Cunuda
controlled the bait supply, the American tariff on codfish would come down
with u rush, or Gloucester would cease
to the Banks,
ie Newfound-
would profit l»y th:
lot' Sydney as a port of call for the I
! transatlantic liners, after an experiment]
j which was tried for but one season.
Ile contends, further, that our principle should  be to buy in the cheapest
: market and sell in the dearest, as we do
I now,  which   we   could   no  longer   do   if
| united  with Canada, for the Canadian
tariff would  apply,    lie further  doubts
the  wisdom   of our transferring  to tho
Cabinet of Ottawa, in which Newfoundland would hnve nt most but oao repie
sentative,  the absolute  control   of  nil
our fisheries, extending over (including
Labrador)   nearly   10,111)0  miles   of   seaboard, and thus giving that Cabinet the
jiower to deal with these valuable fisheries as party expediency might at some
time dictate  and   without   reference  I..
Newfoundland's    primary    interests    in
the matter. For instance, he fears that
Canadians   may   make   our   coast   their
fishing base and compete with us iu our
foreign   murkets,  or  that   the    Ottawa
Cabinet, under pressure from other Provinces, may remodel our fishery laws to
our   detriment   or   barter   our   splendid
bait resources to the Americans for con
cessions from Unclo Sam to Ontario and
the  West.    The  Terranovan   fisherman
opposes Confederation because he is under none of the restrictions which Canadian  fishery laws create aud enjoys a
degree of personal independence iu the
conduct   or  his   industry  known   in   no
other    country;     being    Immune    from
taxes, fees, or similar imposts, while lo1
can also directly influence the Legislature   through   his   representatives,   who
are familiar with his requirements. The
general arguments already set out ns to
the  fisheries are  uUvnys  advanced   by
him. and he especially dreads ihe institution  of direct   taxation  or  of statute
labor ou the roads.
In  Newfoundland  the only  taxation
| is that iu  tin; duties on Imports,    The
{amount thus raised  pays all the oblige
j tions of the state, provides schools, asy
j liims,   hospitals,   ami   charities;   COVCl'S
I the whole of the outlay for the upkeep
I of the Government, and meets the dis
| biirsemenf   for   public   works   of   every
j form.   There is no direct taxation what
ever,  there   is   no   statute  labor,  us   in
Nova Scotia, and it hus been very aptly
said  that   "Newfoundland   is  the   best
country iu the world for the poor man."
Among   other   factors   which   operate
against Confederation is the feeling of
the   Irish   element   in  the   population—
one-third   of   the   whole—in    favor   of
home rule, and against what is known
.'iinong them as "selling the eouuLry";
and the similar feeling among the great
mass   of   the   Knglish   element   against
sacrificing any of their independence; u
feeling eusily understandable when  one
Considers that they are tlie descendants
of tin1 sea rovers of the Elizabethan age.
Such is the present situation in Newfoundland in regard tn union with Can
ada. Just what proportion of the people
will come back," thus showing that if
i tie ex-champion could not come buck
iu one way, another is open to him. iu
Chicago another scene of parental regard wus being enacted, Mr-*. "Tiny"
Johnson sat on the stage uf u theatre
filled with cheering members of her
race, elated with a mother's pride. "He
said he'd bring home the bacon, aud the
honey boy has done it," she cried, the
tears streaming down her face, ami
later she stood on the balcony of the
home her sou gave her, ami led the
crowd ot-rich voiced blacks iu singing:
"There'll be a Mot Time iii the Uld
Town   l o night.'
'fhe dispatches in the press of the
next day showed that there hud been
a *' hoi t ime ' in many towns where
the outcome of the light hud infuriated
ihe opposing races to a murderous
pitch. The immediate aftermath of
this much advertised prize-fight, in
which a negro successfully defended his
title lo the heavy-weight championship
of the world against the retired white
champion who tried in vain to "come
buck," was a disgraceful outbreak of
ruce riots in almost every .section of the
country. The secondary result promises
io be some interesting litigation be
tweeu the syndicate which controls the
moving pictures id' the fight and the
various State and municipal authorities
which have put a ban upon their exhibition. Newspaper comment— which is
abundant enough to give point to Col
onel Wntterson's gibe ubout the fight
being "promoted by the press of the
country ''—concerns itself chiefly wil li
these two phases of the incident, uml
with the prediction ihut the Reno ni
fair will probably be tiie lust big public
prize-tight   in  this country.
The announcement of Johnson's vie
tory, dispatches tell us, was everywhere
the signal for brutal clashes between
negroes und whites, in which the latter
were almost always fhe aggressors, Re
port s from Texas. (ieorgia. A rkansus,
Illinois, New Vork, Virginia, Pennsylvania, Louisiana, Missouri, Maryland,
West Virginia, Colorado, Delaware,
Ohio, Kentucky, uml the District of
Columbia made'a tally of eighteen dead
and hundreds injured. The Patorson
Call blames the newspapers and dot'
fries is quoted us having said: "I am
going into this fight for I he sole purpose of proving Ihut a white mau is
better than a negro." "Is if any won
der, "y asks the Call, "that, the' negro
having won the battle, the colored people should become exuberant over the
result.'" "Ileal nice pride," snys the
Memphis Com mere'ml Appeal, '' would
have prevented Jeffries from making
the mutch," while the Macon Telegraph
reminds us that "fhe highest type of
men arc known by their bruin power,
und uot by their ability to pound
with thoir fists." "The complete seriousness   with  which  the  gentlemen   of
In the opponents of the exhibition  with
out a fight."
Tex    Itickurd.    file    promoter   of    th.
tight, who own- u one sixth  interest  in
i the   moving picture   films,   professes   ti
regard the movement  against their ex
i hibition   as  "the   beat   nort   ot   advor
tisii.g."
No  Jess  nn   authority   thun   John   L.
j.Sullivan says of the fight ut Reno: "It
will probably be the last big fight ii
this country.'' And we lim] papers rang
ing all thc wuy from New Vork ti
Seattle which share this conviction,
gays the Toledo Blade of duly 5;
"Prize-fighting    received    the    most
I staggering blow of a century yesterday.
I When  t he  knockout  comes,  ns   it   maj
come shortly, the beginning id' the lust
) round will be fixed iu the records as nt
; July -t.  1910."
GIRLS WHO ELOPE WITH GIRLS
rpilK .story of the beautiful duughtei
X. of a leading French politician,
who became so infatuated wilh a
(schoolfellow thai she run away wilh
her, und. us her professed husband, sup
ported her for some mon thu by hei
earnings us a mule waiter in a i'uri-
cafe, is the latest of u long lisi of simi
lar strunge romances.
It is not muny years since there died
in Brittany nn old fisherman \\\\n tot
more than half a century had success
fully masqueraded ns n man, until death
revealed ihe secret of se\. A- :i girl
'if eighteen, Marie Aiubort, daughter ol
;i provincial schoolmustcr, tool conceit
cl u strong passion foi Juliette Civruy,
tlie   pretty   daughter   of  a   fisherman,
WllOIIJ,   US   her   purelltS   objected    lo   the
Intimucv,  she   persuaded  to  elope  with
her.
They wenl to Brillaiu . w here, as
Jules Bernny and In- wife, they won
golden opinions ns nn amiable and hard
wor li ing couple. Jules prosperod so
well ihut within u iuw years he was
owner of several bouts, uud hud a sub
I stantlul sum to his credit In the Bank
of France. When, after many years ol
happy life together, Mme. Ben,ay died,
Jules consoled himself b\ leading u sue
cessor to the altar, and to her iii turn
he proved a model husband. Thus for
lifty yeurs he flourished, so successfully
concealing his sex thut, when nt last
it was revealed, not one of nil who had
known him so long would believe thut
"Bere Bernny" was actually a woman
and nol a mnn.
Kven more remarkable is the story of
Nicolas de Unylun, Secretary to the
Kussian Consulate, Chicago, who died a
short lime -Ann. after making three pilgrimages to the altar. Nicolns's roman-
tic caroor begun with nu elopement
wilh the charming daughter of u French
barrister, the first of three wives, not
one ot' whom, curiously enough, seems
to  have  had any suspicion  of  her  hus*
to send fishing schoone
The   Nova   Scofinn
land fishermen alik
union.
The addition lo the Canadian home
market need not be despised by her
manufactures nnd fanners. The fanners
would have tree access to, und iu some
cases control of. the Newfoundland market for flour, meut, dairy products, fruit
nud similar articles. The manufacturers would supply the island with sugar,
molasses, woolen nnd cotton goods,
boots and shoes, and numerous oilier articles which they now can sell iu Newfoundland only by surmounting a high
tariff wall.
It would benefit the Newfoundlanders
in that they would get the necessaries
of life more cheaply; it would benefit
Canada's manufacturers because they
would add to their home market an
area already possessing a considerable
population, promising to support, u
larger population, und unable to supply
nil its own wants iu regard to agricultural products or manufactured articles.
The Newfoundland Confederate
argues that union with Canada would
give the colony all the advantages that
the alliance of a weak state with a
strong one always assures to the former.
He maintains that the colony would participate in the wonderful commercial
advantages Canada is enjoying at present. He asserts that Canada would apply to the colony her liberal expenditures for lighthouses, fisheries, and marine services, establishing fish hatcheries
and otherwise improving our fisheries,
all of these services being carried out
on a scale utterly impossible by Newfoundland with her limited population
nnd resources. The general public
works, he contends, would be administered on a scale hopeless of approach
by the Colonial Exchequer, and thc colony would also have the advantage of
(ho exploration of the interior by the
Domton Geological Bureau to determine more fully its mineral capabilities.
Confederation would enable the, colony
to secure, free of duty, nil the $1,000,-
000 worth ol' products she now imports
annually from Canada, while on the
$2,500,OOQ worth that she imports from
Britain there would be a reduction of
38 1*8 per cent, by reason of fhe British preference. lie shows that iu Canada the working mnn obtains his imported goods at about half the rate the
Newfoundlander pays, and that by the
abolition of duties on foodstuffs, textiles, leather and its wares, metals and
hardwares, furniture, woodwarcs, and
other products now obtained from Cannda there would lie a saving to the peo-j
pie of this colony amounting to $1,125,*
000 a year, or $5 per head of the population. Lastly, he argues that Confederation is bound to come, sooner or
Inter, and that the colony can secure!
better terms when on the flood tide of|
prosperity than when, as in i&Do, she'
had to seek for union in the face of
decided reverses, and therefore he advocates the question being submitted
to the country at present and favorably
determined.
The    Torranovau     Anti-Confederate,
on  the  other  hand, maintains   that   a
colony    as    remote    as    Newfoundland
would be comparatively ignored in pub-,
lie expenditures, and points to the agi-!
tatiou  of  Prince   Edward   Island   for
Some better means of winter communication, the promise made in this respect
when she entered the Federacy having'
been  ignored^ for  nearly  forty  years.
He also instances the failure to provide
the Maritime Provinces with  anything
like satisfactory steamship communication in summer, even the abandonment
Scenes at the Lake of the Woods,  Where Winnipeg People Spend
Holidays
would favor it if the question ever
came to vote, it is impossible to suy,
but the general impression is that it
would be a small one, though it is admitted that with the spread of education, the increasing intercourse between
our people and those of the Dominion,
the antipathy to Cunuda is diminishing.
There are, however, prejudices to be
overcome, misunderstandings to be removed, nnd ill-feelings to be dissipated,
before the subject can be approached on
its merits, and even then it is doubtful
if the majority of the people would
see in the most roseate presentation of
the pro-unionist views any reason to
change their condition. In bygone
yours some of the inducements offered
to Newfoundland to unite with Canada
were: (1) that Canada would build a
railway for us; (2) that under Canada
the masses would have a free breakfast tariff; (3) that as part of the Dominion we would enjoy a greatly enhanced  prosperity.
Today none of the reasons exist any
longer. The colony has built a trans-
insular system of (ilt-fi miles, nnd is now
enterprising extensions which will increase it to nearly 1,000 miles, and yet
her prosperity is such that the present
year sees the largest surplus revenue
in her history, Th eXewfoundlnnd working mau now enjoys a free breakfast
table himself, for all the necessaries
of life and the implements of industry
used by the fisher, the farmer, and the
miner are free from duty, in respect, of
material prosperity. Newfoundland considers herself in quite as favorable a.
position us Canada. In the past ten
years her surpluses of revenues have
averaged $120,000 annually, although
she hus reduced taxation $250,000 i year
on tho one hand and increased the outlays for various public services by about
$600,000 a year on the other hand, while
of the $1,200,000 in surpluses she hns
put aside $.100,000 us a cash reserve
against the proverbial rainy day, and
used the remainder in augmenting fhe
grants for roads, bridges, lighthouses,
and similar public undertakings so essential for a country where almost the
entire population is dispersed nrouud
0,000 miles of seuboard in nearly 1,500
settlements, great and small,
oming
course
cham-
IS PRIZEFIGHTING KNOCKED
OUT?
IN one way j am glad thnt Jim lost
this fight; it will turn him back
into paths he should have kept to,
though it will break his heart," said
the Rev. Alexis C. Jeffries when told of
his son's defeat at Bono, and many
seem to think it may also turn the
whole country back into the paths it
should have kept to, und end thc disgrace of p 'ze-fighting here despite
breaking hearts und breaking purses.
Airs. Jeffries "rushed from the room
with her handkerchief fo her eyes,"
when she heard her son had lost, says
a special message to the St. Louis Post-
Dispatch, and tho falher said quietly:
"I suppose it is the Lord's will, let us
be brave iu heart.'' And a special
dispatch to the New York Tribune reports him as saying: "Boys, the hand
of God is very plain in this. Jim had
forgotten him, but now I hope my son
the sport fraternity huve spoken of thc
light, us hinging the supremacy of the
white ruce is a contribution to essential
humor not fo be lightly prized," remarked the Kansas City Star, while fhe
Rochester Democrat and Chronicle
suys:
•'Compared with the wanton brutality with which men of African blood
were hounded through the streets of
many Amoricnn cities a'nd villages on
Monday night by white thugs, the prizefight in which n white man wns beaten
by n negro wus exulted iu its refinement,    .    .    .
"The white scoundrels who Conned
themselves info gangs for the purpose
of beating and torturing, in some cases
slaying, whatever black they could
corner, pleaded the necessity of vindicating thi1 superiority of their race us
their motive. They have, in fact, placed upon their race an execrable .dot."
A negro paper, the Baltimore Times,
draws the following admirable lesson
from the  fight:
"While Johnson was be
world's champion he pursued a
which would have made hin. th.
jiion bur ber. blacksmith, carpenter,
waiter, or farmer of his community.
Any negro anywhere may reach eminence i'i peaceful ways be using ih"
Johnson method in his particular trade
or calling,"
M'.ui: while thr. C! ristiun Endeavor
Societ., with brunches in every town of
the United States and iu ni'iny foreign
countries, has set on foot a movement
ti prohibit the moving picture reproduction? of the prize■ fight—u movement
which, in the opii.ii.u of 'h! Boston
Transcript, ''can be justified on
grounds ni expediency if not of eth
ies.'' Alrendy police authorities in
muny Southern cities had put their bun
on the light pictures lest they should
en use further out breaks of race prejudice and violence. The District of
Columbiu hus taken tllis course, and
dispatches mention thc Governors of
Illinois. Virginia, Indiana, Maryland,
Maine, Louisiana, Montana, and South
Dakota ns among tho Executives who
hnve either announced their intention j
to forbid tl,ie exhibition of the fight pic
tures, or have declared themselves in
sympathy with tnis prohibitory move j
ment. The Mayors of many cities,
nmong which may bc mentioned Mil-;
waukce, Cincinnati, Boston, Bos Angeles, Sun Francisco, Atlanta, and New
Orleans have similarly expressed them-'
selves. The movement, we are told, is'
even making itself felt in England,
Australia, New Zealand, and India, the
Calcutta papers .suggesting that the
Coifed states authorities destroy the
films and compensate the owners. These
owners nre a syndicate, the head of
wdiieh is reported as saying:
" We are confident that the effort- to
prevent thc exhibition woll not stand iu
the courts.
"We spent upward of $200,000 to get
perfect pictures of that light. We had
special lenses made for the occasion
and twelve machines at thc ringside,
so that not a motion of the fighters
would be lost. After all that expense
and trouble we do not mean to yield
Motoring News
BI.N.IAMIN    P.   CHASE,   American
consul   at   Leeds,   England,   manes
the  following  report   through  tbe
Daily  Consular and  Trade   Keports of
the invention of a punctureless tire by
an Englishman,
"It i- composed of an inextensible
heavy canvas lining, the crown being
packed with a puncture proof material
und placed between the outer cover und
the inner air tube of the ordinary pneumatic tire. The lining is so made as to
cause a low pressure ou the tread and lo
more nearly equalize the pressure nu
the   inner   air   tube. The   lining   is
thickest at the crown and tapers to a
feather edge neur the rim, 'fhe external appenrancc is like uu ordinary
tire. Ihi- inventor hus given it drastii
tests, lie made several gashes and cuts
on the outer cover ol a tiro through to
the patent lining, and with these has
driven his cur 500 miles without a puncture oi the necessity of repair ou tins
lire, although wheel- on the sa.il*' lh.i
chine fitted with other tire- hud the ii-
ual difficulties, uther tests ou heavy
ears withoul Co- special gashed havo
been equally satisfactory. An iiiHpection
of   the   Invention   Iniprcsses   one   with
iis   simplicity,   uni   th irved   cuter
cover used proves its practicability.
" \jh'. he? im'. ent om by i i ■■ - nne mun
is a bridge tiie ni k-eyod-clmiuber de
sign, tor heu \ \ motor vehicles. It i-
des-?ribed as follows:
" I n un nil rubber t ire of almost
square section j> molded a double sene-
of small triangular air chum bora sn keyed into each other thut u radial line
drawn from the hub of tiie wheel to
its periphery ut nny angle must pass
through -'it leas! one of the air "hum
bers Though over** chamber is sopnr
ated from it- fellow- b\ dividing walls.
they are all connected by nir vent-, aud
muy be inflated to any pressure. . . .
Twenty to thirty pounds of pressure is
sufficient to insure all the advantages
given by u continuous uir tube, with
none of the disadvantages inseparable
from high pressure,
A six wheeled motor truck hus been
recently completed by .lame- VV. Mnn,
assisted by his father, B. 1-'. I.inn, both
of Oregon' City. Ore. This giaill tru-l,
carries 10 tons of lumber or anything
• ■Be ul n minimum speed of |n miles
un hour. Thi- menu- thai 5,000 feet of
lumber cun be hauled ou the truck at a
loud, which is two und a half times the
amount tiiat can be piled on a wagon.
The truck cun travel twice us fast us
a team, und cau be operated nl n cost
of about 0 cents per mite. The truck
weighs .'I tons, hus a 00-horsepowcr
Thomas gasoline engine which is geared
7! to ]. giving it a pulling power of
15 tons rm low gear. There nn- six
wheels, four of them being direct-drive
wheels. A special feature is the adjustable sprocket wheel on the axle of the
first pair of drive wheels, which allows
the rear wheels to be on n direct drive
and nt tlie sume time swing, allowing
the    machine    lu    be    t liriied    nrouud    in
much siuuiler space than if the long
body were stiff. The wheels ure 10 Inch
steel wheels with IL' inch tires, und ure
fitted with heavy shoe-. There is a HO-
gallon gasoline tank and u 00-gallon
tank for water. A 24-horsepower murine engine wus tried at lirst, bul i. was
impossible to keep it cool, nnd flic
installed   in   iis
bund's sex, which only became known
aftoi death. .
"I am convinced," says an intimate
friend of Nicolns's third wife, "that
Mrs de Kavlun never knew that her
husband wns u woman. She loved him
passionately, and wus exceedingly
jealous. Nicolas de Raylan wns pretty,
weighing  only   about   100   lb.,  and   his
feer and  hands were  small.    Be   Bay-   Thomas   engine   wu
lau's bedroom was like a lady's boudoir , place,
with all those accessories to the toilet j
table dear to the feminine heart, liis The catering to the farmer will be
underclothing was of a dainty material,; more of u factor in coming yenrs that it
generally in pule blue and pink colors. [ulH i,,.,.,, to date. Already muny manu-
But his habits were deplorable, lie went factnrers have begun comprehensive nd-
the whole gamut nf dissipation with a vertising campaigns appealing special-
vengeance, and as I. now think, to give |y i,t fanners und tie- plan of opera
color to the deception he practised "■• ,-,,,,*, ;s .A gcusible one, the maker follow
his wife.'' ing along the liue of tho maker of agri-
A  more  romantic   lady-husbaud   was  cultural   machinery   who   hu-  been  up
Marguerite   Bios,   known   to   fume   as   pealing  to  theso  classes  for  a  decade
Lucia, Cornell  of  the  Brigands,"  the | or  two,    This  is  u   healthy  indicuti
instigator of a number of crimes per
potrated n few years ugo by a band of
robbers in the south and west of Prance.
As a child Bui-ia gained a reputation
for reckless courage which anmod and
shocked the entire tistrict in which ?ne
lived. When only ten years ill siie
rode a horse which no one else dared approach,  and   slept   every   nighl   iu   t!i
in ihe industry uinl tlie makers will
find us ready a response from furniers
as lhey have from any othor class, 'flu
point has frequently been discussed us
to the ability of the farmer io keep a
ear in running com mi-si on and in this
connection many builders of cats have
claimed thnl only the simplest type of
if   would   be  soid   to  the   fanner.   This
stable   with  her head on  i;.- hoofs. At I is wrong.    Asa matter of fact the far-
seventeen    this   daring   and   handsome | mer is better  titled to  keep a car  run
Amazon assumed mun'- clothes, uud us
a dashing highwayman, the terror of
fhe countryside, made love \" und run
away with toe daughter of a wealthy
landowner, to whom, it is snid. she wus
n devoted " husband.'
ning thun 00 per ecnl of (lie city owners. The farmer is at home wi; h mu
chinery. He hus used it every year
since he begun farming uml has become
accustomed to kcoptng it in repair
innd  making muny of the  repairs him
One day Inst year a gentleman of I self. Be is ihe most independent indi-
Porto Sun Giorgio, who wus spending a vidua! in ihe world when it comes to
few days at Ancotiu, made the start shifting for himself iu case of a
ling discovery that his host's good-look- trouble. Not being uexf door to a re
ing coachman was none other than the pair shop, garage or blacksmith shop.
duughtor of a friend, who wus -apposed j lie hus learned to help himself und si
to huve been drowned some month- earlier, but whosq body hud ne\er been
found. The young lady, it WHS discovered, hud offorcd her services as coachman to M. Sorvudeo of Ancona, and in
this character had wooed and married
M. Servadeo's pretty housemaid.
A similar romantic story was reveal
ed nt Westminster n year or so ugo,
when il wus discovered thnt :i "little
old mun," who gave his nutne ns
Charles Wilson, was really :i woman
of the name of Catherine Coombes, At
the age of fifteen .-he hud become the
wife uf one Porclval Coombes; and
many years Inter she hnd graduated as
n  husband, nnd  hud  enjoyed  fourteen
year- of wedded life in 'lluddersfield.
Por something like fifty years ('uther
ine hud been working ns ;i painter and
decorator, at the docks, in a printing
oflice, um! on board ship; and during
the whoh   of thi- time not a soul had
suspected  thai  •'' 'huilie  Wil ''  was
not  a  man.
\or, among muny similar romances,
must    we   forget    lhal    of   Joan    Ricbc
bourg, who died only a few months ugo.
.lean, who wns the daughter of n Paris
professor, begun her romantic career by
eloping with a schoolgirl from Kuuen.
As a m.'in she joined the army, won
rapid promotion by bravery iu the
Franco-Prussian War. became the hus
band of two more wises in later years,
and died iu ihe odor of Banctity, foi
lowed io her gruve by her heart broken
widow and a cortege half a mil" long.
A CONFIRMED stutterer went into n
restaurant and met a few casual
acquaintances, who nt once com
monced chaffing him most unmercifully
respecting the impediment in his speech,
At last one of them, a pert little fel
low who had been making himself miller conspicuous by his reinurks, said:
"Well, old man, I'll bet suppers round
you can't order them without stammer-
through his years of experience- witli
farm implements hus developed o most
commendable spirit of independence in J
the matter of repairs, which his him admirably for ihe ownership of a motor
car, Mukers cun at once dismiss the
fear thnt Ihe farmer wiil not be able to
can- for his cur, Those who own them
already huve borne out thi*- claim. The
farmer is well lifted to do his own work
und it will not be n worry to him if he
i- 1'.' or more miles from ihe nenrcst
garage. To ussist in the farmer situs
lion there is growing up in the country
<.i-''ii-i- and in villages am! small towns
a -uperior class of blacksmiths, workmen
who uie familiar with the differences of
steels and who through their bowing acquaintance with the bicycle have learn
ed that nicety of workmanship which
is imperative in a car. The coming of
ile cur among the fnrmors i- going to
accentuate this condition so t hat by i ho
time tho business with thc farmer Is In
full swing from thc Atlantic to tho
Pacific all problems regarding repairs
will havo boon settled und the farmer
will have scarcoly u reason to offer why
he cannot be the owner of a car. This
BUggcsts the lime when Ihe cur will
form a   part   of fhe exhibit   nt   1 he COUU
try fair.
Km- more than a monlh tlo- . arious
announcements of 1911 models have
been appearing and now sufficient informal ion is at hand to indicate, in u
fairly general wuy. whal thc trend i-
to bo in the mutter nf stylo und inanu
fneture  for t h ling season.    Prom
points that huve been under discussion
during the past 12 months it is natural
to expert ovidcuco oi ihe long-stroke
motor but although the real long stroke
is not here yet if is on the way. This
is shown by some concerns which Ihi-.
year huve had motors with cylinders
l'j inches Bquare but for next yoar
the bore has been left alone und the
stroke lengthened to 0 inches. Thoro
aro many other companies who are add
ing from **4 lo C. inch to the stroke
ind   not   altering fhe  bore.     It   is  ditli
pean situation. In Europe the log
trends toward long stroke- und greater
motor efficiency did not exhibit them
selves until .ne -lump came in tbe mar
kel two seasons ago. When the slump
cam-', it was a case of scurry for bust
riess and then Ihe makers began to tali;
efficiency for :> certain motor size nud
weight.
Apart from the motor situation in re
gar ds to ratio betweeu bore und stroke
there is u healthy advance ull along tne
line. Concerns who have been marketing bigh priced ears for several seasons
have in many .-uses made scarcely u
change, but   with  th.-  middle class'the
step t|j.    pace J-    everywhere    evident.
The higher-priced magneto is exhibiting itself i - Beveral factories where it
wus unheard of before; and the higher
priced carburettor is following in its
wake. There is a noted dropping of the
old cup and cone ball bearing for it..*
annular ball t\ p.- or t<;.- adjustable roll
cr type; there i- on every hand a ml'"
"f closer studj of rear axle construction
with a rioces-sary strengthening in many
make- of rat- a- well a- an Improve
"ii nt by adding more cflicienl bearings.
The trend of the liue- i- also shown in
the mutter of springs, improvement), iu
the t hrci quu rter rear n pe being ap
pure nl  hi many  factories where lierotu
fole   Ihe   -eiui  ellipt ic   llUS   beelj   con-lder
ed ihe acme of satisfaction. Not onlv
hi- tl..- three-quarter gained but muny
makers have been experimeutiug with
it  and  not  a  \i-w   adaptions of it  ure
now   on   the   market,     As   might   be   q\
peeled there has I n a wholesale addi
tion to t!,,- lilting of grease cups ou
medium-priced cars. Makers who heretofore have too fitted a grease cup on
spring bolt- now attach udequote ones
and arc adding them to other purt- of
ihe  cai   as   Well.
Perhaps the bodj design will show
greater improvements next season than
ever before. This will be essentially
:i youi oi torpedo types und of con vim
tionnl bodies with the from or tori-
door- fitted. It is apparent thai nearly
every maker has realized the improve
mem ol the front door for winter wo\ k
but there is n feeling thai it is hotter
for summer travel. In order to meet
this objection one maker has devised
n type of frout door with supporting
purt-. which can be removed in sum
mer, leaving the tar an ordinary type
and one in which thc removal of the
doors could scarcely be detected. This
is n clever scheme if it i1- accepted ihut
u front door is too hot,
"ne of the most misleading und unaccountable faults which muy happen,
und which the novice may encounter on
ihe road, ami have trouble in locating,
results from using uu accumulator
which i- almosl exhausted. Such uu accumulator wii! give just suim-ieut cur
rent lo enable the motor to he started
readily ami will run it withoul misfiring, but immediately the engine is put
to drive ihe car by letting in the clutch
the engine slows down and slops. Ou
fitting :i newly charged accumulator.
tin- trouble is at once remedied. The
cause of Btoppnge very much resembles
thut caused by failure, temporary or
otherwise, of tlie fuel supply to ihe car
burettor, only in this latter ease somo
popping tu the carburettor will he
heard before tin- engine finally stops,
Ii ow oo you keop } our hands clean 1
This is ,■! ven ha rd quest ion i o answer ii you are a motor enthusiast.
Their are several conditions, however,
which, li understood, save much trouble
in   cleai   iug   the   ha ads   at ter   motor
WOl I'l'oiu     experience    it     will     huve
been nol !.■• I I hal t he sole reason for
motor dirt being hnrd t" remove is the
irregularity of surface to which if is
applied.     -Bracks   round   nnd   under   the
uui!-    are    tiie    UlOSf    difficult     places    to
clean, nexl the creases in the lingers
and thumbs. Given m smooth hand,
very little dirt will -lid;. Therefore,
do all ihut is possible to keep ihe hands
smooth. This is important. To do tins
there ure several points to observe—Be
move  the din   without  roughening  the
surface,     fill   tlie  interstices of  tie- skin
before atari ini; work. Avoid chafe-,
chnps, and rub-, i.e., knocking the skin
oil' the knuckh- nnd exposure to wet,
uml cold. Avoid all course forms of
-oup: never scrupo the nail- with a
knife; never use Sapolio, sund soap, or
uny alkaline substance whut ever. Bo
not u-e gasoline to wash bunds in; it
coarsens the bunds very quickly. Gloves
ure uncomfortable to work in, so before bcgiliniug to work, rub the hands
all over witii a liue toilet soap, fill the
nails and cracks round with ii. und
avoid eontnef with water till the job is
over. If necessary wear gloves witli
the finger rmi- cul  oil.
To lock a nut. the simplest method.
though bv no means the best, is to wet
the thread both of the screw and nut.
und -ciew ihe latter home. Subsequent
rusting will hold ihe two together, and
n drop oi oil or kerosene will enable
them to be separated. Similarly, the
painting over of a nut has the same
effect, though both these uud hods are
slovenly, and should only be resorted to
us :i lu-t resource A spring washer
plat ed bei eath tho mil will keep it se
cun . and v. ill enable it to be easily re
moved. A mor • positive alternative is
t-, drill .i hole '■<> liie sen w, and pass
thr .ugh if a -olit pin. This prevents
tho nut coming adrift, but it may n>n
|H(|,| j) rht to its work. IVr this
purpose Ho- not should be castellated.
Thi- consisl ■ in i uttiog In it as many
diametl i grooves .i- possible. The split.
pin then pus-.-- -long these grooves and
Hir.m, li I o l In the •< n w. To tiojit-
oti up the niif thc spill pin is withdrawn  and the  nut  tur 1 io bring an-
nthei    lol   in   line with the hole  in tho
!• ■.   . ,-...   the  Bplil   pin   locks
i (,c ||U.]  ii. 11,.   'nu  position,
Munj  car owners would like to have
their cars weighed  ler their
1    tl,;.    tl,..,-     V    .-.-.IV    "-I el.O
ing." "D-d-d-done." says Brown, and ^^^
lo thc astonishment of the company und cult io say whether it is disappointing
the aiseomfort. of his challenger 'ull'or not that more has not been done in
of whomc were unaware of his being, the mutter of lengthening the stroke
ns is often the case with stutterers, a and particularly with the old and well
first-class singer), he beckoned the wait- \ established companies, although spec
er uml sang the order without, the ail activity is shown among the small-
slightest hitch. Then, turning round to I er builders ami particularly among the
his tormentor, said: ''X-u-n-now, yyy younger concerns. This may be an
you c-c-c-can p-p-p-pav.'' [fwered by a comparison with thc Huro-
their cars weighed under their own eye,
and this lhey muy easily get   done where*
ever a   public  weighing muchii :m  ho
found, 't In- t reigul depots of ! lie railway companies ure generally equipped
with a muchiuo Upon which cuts may be
weighed. The ears should firsl be run
wholly on to ihe wcigh-tnblc, and the
weight noted, ufter which it should bo
weighed with the front wheels only on
the table and the centre of fhe stop
over ihe edge of the pit. The weight
shoubl again be taken with ihe back
Wheels on Ihe table, ami the centre of
Mu- step as before, when, if the stun of
the two last re-ults is within twenty
odd pounds or so of fhe first rosult, tho
.eee-irtct     noi v    lie    considered    as    hav 11117
  ......  .he
a it.   may   on   considered   as   having
1 ii  correctly taken.    In ordering tires
for a car, the  vehicle should be"-"
 -i-.i   ...:. l. „  ,',,ii „„„,,.
weight   may   be
ken.    in orit ^	
,,-i  ,i -,.,, ....,  .,....,..v ,. be weighed
as suggested, with a full complement of
 - ... .     ..11   i»Uc   ..!,..«    - *        *   *■*
as suggested, with a full complement of
passengers, ull tool**- aboard, tanks full,
nnd loud in the car equivalent to the
maximum likely to bc carried at any
time. The tire makers will then havo
no difficulty in recommending suitable
lire-.
47 Tin-; aosMEB times
.1,
Storyettes
B
those
more
But
young
weeks
arose
KOWN 'S wooden leg has been pain-   Muetl
ing   'im  of late,'"  eaid  Smith to
his tvife.
How   can   that   be?"   usked    Mrs.
tli.  irritably.
Mrs. Brown has been thrashing
balls   was   made   by   experiment
■ertain and safe.
Pilatre   de   Eozier,   thi
philosopher,   had   onlv
to wait until, of a sudden, there whose premier iiight had been mude th
quia d'Arlandes had set the pace.    And
at  once  there  followed  a  long  list   of
daring   titled  aeronauts,  foremost  among them
i    few I the    linn hearted    Count    Zambeccari
n tin
h
it,
was
tin
tin
etious   explunu
i   ;.ai•   .-a
llc.l on :c friend who waa
1.         Iieet        III
uome,   and,   finding   the
piano
dustv,     wrote    upon     it
Slut."  Th<-\
iii.-i  the next  day, and
ie lady said,
■ ■ 1  called on vein yester-
M"^
ic'e-t'l'lleill
Ne'linc-ll
. omes to
wiles   ice   ee
-'.ve'i ping '
-:i\\   3 ceil I   ■■
ho reply.
NEUBICH:
granclly "
into tin- roeeii
t  night
■ -Sure.
ice! ecu the piano,
at
Did you notice
daughter swept
Mr.-. Puppson 'a
1 did. When it
weeping into a room Mamie
walk;  bul  when  n  comes  iee
ni :c reieini Bhe goes lame
park eet' tin.! Chateau di
paper ileiiuc seventy-four feet
high ley forty-eight feet wide, and having :d  its base n gallery of wickerwieik.
l'leee[i|ie'il   straw.   IciirilC'el   ill   a   leru/.ie'l'   lee'
neath, filled the great bag with hot
smoke. A mortar boomed the signal
that the monster was about tee ascend
ami aniiel the applause of the multitude
M. de Brozier climbed into the wicker
gallery, taking with him the Marquis
d'Arlandes,   also   nerved   for   the   first
bnlloon journey enjoyed by man.    C!	
after a false start and some* delay i'or
repairs, they rose majestically into tho
overcast   sky. taking off their  huts as
they peered down u|  a throng dazed
and" dumb with mingled emotions of terror and admiration.
Rising nearly a mile, they crossed the
Seine and floated into the- view eel' all
Paris, bul while thev were drifting
proudly over the city they east up their
eves und i" terror beheld a jagged,
fiery line thai was worming iis way
around tho base of the ballooou nnd
threatening to sever the ring which
held  their support.
ee We're lost, losl! " shouted the tei
very year eet ibe Bossier's fall. But following tbe explosion ot' the ill-fated
philosopher's tandem team of aerial
steels '-aine' the reel tteigu of Terror,
with its clicking guillotines, rattling
tunibivls. roaring mobs, and shrieking
victims.   As says the bard-
"Auel now a bubble burst, and mew
a world."
France   having   dried   her   wounds.
Count  Zaml e-ari  senen  had  new aerial
steeds ill stable, aiiel linally. in the year
when America was beginning her second
war against the mother country. Boulogne, which had stiieeel chupfulien al
the tragedy enacted by ele lio/.ier, turned out to see the high-born count.
Although the man hnd already learned tec sail  upon  bubbles blown up with
hydrog'
ag
The Horseman
With joyous hands it pommeled
A noisy window-pane,
Anei shook a swinging shutter
With all its might, and main.
It bent o'er a weary workman
Where he toiled in a sultry place.
Probably the most profound and ex-1 And, pursing its lips with coolness
haustive book  on the subject   that  has.     Blew soft on his heated face,
ever   been   published   is  -'The  Gait   of j It stopped where a bird was
the  Trotter  and  Pacer,"  by  Rudolph]     Ami. catching the lilt of th
Jonlon. .ir.. published by Wm. Jenkins Bore it tu one in anguish.
i-  Co..  Xew  Vork.    The statement  on i     Who smiled and listened long,
the first page is very modest.    It says. At last, wben the clav was dying
an analysis of the gait by a new nietn-1     It fled clown tiie golden west,
od nnd an investigation of the general i And far beyond Ihe mountains
aging,
song.
AWOMAK   u.e-  upbraiding her
band on his drunken habits
\v:es   ruining   his  lee'
cian I   aboul    tne,
lid. '' Th.- doctor aa*.
if condition.
• Veen   -liecnlil   have   aslieel    til
to look nt yoi nguo, and met
com  '' retorted bi« «ife.
WOMAN
id "i
saving he
"DOU't      be
dear," he
in tin- pink
ll 118-
anel
* i t li.
lice
■    1 '.il
Lector
rilie
W.' must either* jump
ee bur I  alive!    As
' jump'"
cliinl
plucky  ele  Brozier
restrained 1  with   hand, an.l withl now
He ,ether extinguished thi   lite    Tl vei
el marquis
te,  ..nr death  e»r  I
for mc. I ''I  rathei
An,I li.' started t
nl   lh.'   basic,'1.   th
Zaml.ee
eel.I fashioi
however, lu* e
burned coals inst
Seiner  Boraga,
citation   to   share
cruise, jumped gaily into the little car,
and the good ship sailed nway. ll was
a glorious trip, aud whenever their
ernt'i turned back toward Ian.I what
would be easier than lo add a few rnori
coals   to   the   lire   :ii.e|   use   higher   and
icari chose for his voy
led lire balloon. In hi,
tarried a brazier whirl:
en.I cef straw,
honored with an in
the pleasures' of tin
ir lie
edge
The
1   alee
icbovc*
I'll.'I
earth
eii'l
able to
.ecu   the
I',
soft
s and g'lellv
cef  Ihe sub
lire
with
A
WELIj KNOWN musician was tall.-
ing about old-fashioned concerts.1
••Some of th'' he's direetod eet
these concerts were merited,'' In' Baid,
•■on,-  hit. aid a  g i one, was made
ley b North-country man.    lie callod up
stairs t,. his daughters: • What a timeI
von   girls  take  getting   ready   for   the
ooncertl   Look at me; a bit of wadding
m each car ami I 'm all ready."
./lei'
I III.
now
le.
the, hero of
made     his     boasl
the   very    stars    of
lest iny lind  mapped
A
lOOD country mayor found himself
at   a  tabic in a'large restaurant
I,etwecn twee young men  who be
gun to make fun of him.
••I see. voung .-ire. that yeeu arc making fun of me, Hul I assure you that I
am  neither stupid mer an ass."
■■Ah.'' sai.l one "f them, "perhaps
von arc between the t wo?"
He   ll
Ihe      In
:,i,nnt   soaring  to
lie henvous.    Uui
,,,il u clill'ercnl voyage' for Ihe ambitious
young   Parisian. ' In  the jagged,  fiery
lino Unit he had s pon th eelope|ly
of this firsl crnft t" raise him heaven
ward   was   written   a   warning   whi.-h   he
.|i,| mil read.
Ilis successful llig'nl with the fright
,'iic.l marquis set the world balloon mad.
Even as far away as Philadelphia
flights were attempted. But the nicest
daring voyage of these pioneer aeronauts was' to lie made by another in
tri'lei.l  Frenchman, dean  Pierre Blanch
"Exactly,'
•I'm betwee
was
the
the   prompt   ropl
to
THE  Englishman elocsn't always get
the worst of it wheu in the vicin-
itv of Bannockburn.    A Scot, who I compliment  by  crossing
sad partaken of refreshment with fre-  from  France to England
quencv    ami    success,    as    the    aroma   plained
around him testified  very prominently,Would  be
was anxious that the gentleman in the, Blanchard
corner   seat
should   "ot   ..
knowing that he was passing tlie battle-1 set out from Boulogne upon the voyage
field,
th.' receding
lasted until I
ng for thirty miles
ear % small village
forest, beyond which there was
Bed all in whit.', oven tee her hat
ts   -.weeping   plumes,  ihe   pretty
aeronaut   entered   Hn1   gaily   decorated
garden al half past ton in the evening.
She  stepped   into  a   boat   attached   lee  her
bnlloon    ami.   the   signal   being   given,
rose   ge'litl.*.    into   the   night   sky.
The wind eeppcceccl ber ut lirst, but by
throwing oul ballast she climbed rapi.l
bovo tin' troublesome current. Then,
having reached a considerable height,
she set oil' seeiue •■Bengal fire pots" ai
ranged under her boat, ami as these lill
eel the air with their showers cef sparks.
the hundreds id' people below Hung up
their hats, making the air resoiiiul with
their "bravosl" while the aeronaut
waved her Hag, visible in the light of
her pyrotechnics. And while these ac
clnniutieens  were  gladdening ber  heart,
sl ml   her   ball ntered   a   cloud,
which for a time blotted even the !ir*>-
peets from the view of the admiring uuil
titueles.
Rozier  was set cm!     But presently it emerged again, and | trating^ action^
lire l.v tllis adventure, the first success i Mme.  Blanchard  could be faintly  seen
ful flight across tlie sea.    Not to be out   | lighting the fuse to a magnificent group
done by his brother Frenchman, lie an-  of fireworks which she* was to let des-
nouiicce'l that he would return the latter's  cend in a little parachute arranged for
the    Channel  the occasion.   Then the heavens glower
principles concerning the proper balan
iug   of   motion,   action   and   extension.
But it does far more than this, it goes
into detail supported by a vast series of
charts,  figures and   illustrations.    It is
epiite  evident that  the  writer   has absorbed   all   Bobert   Bonner   knew,   and
David   leoberge.   both   notable   masters
of the science of foot balancing, but he I
has got far beyond those early profes-1
sors in the field.    It would be manifestly absurd  in a scientific book of three
hundred ami twenty-five pages to give]
even   an   intelligent  outline of the con-'
tents,  but sonic sample  statements  can
be given which will excite* the appetite
ot' every horseman to give the book a.
careful study.   It i.i not claimed by thei
writer  that   any   horse  or  all   of  them
can be made to move squarely and fast
by any  particular  metnod, but  merely!
that    the'   faulty   action   can   be   more i
'had gild   r8adi|y  detected.    It  elo.'- net   propose:
Mu'.v   "''I''   to  ben   cure-all,  but  it  .Iocs  show  Ihat.
'   "' "'    '>    there is at least  a  rational plan for the*;
discovery, if not i'or the removal, eif the
''  cause of faulty or deflcienl action.
Nor .lees the author belittle the judgment  cef   intelligent   borseshocrs  for,  as1
he says: " 1 beg to leave the Importance |
eef ;.neper shoos for special needs tie theI There]  was  uo el
intelligent men at the (orge who shouldl Nor ever came :
Sank lo its evening rest.
—Arthur  W.
Pen eh.
THE SHELL
And iheii I pressed the shell
Close fo mv ear
Ami  listened   well,
And straightway liko a hell
Came low and clear
Tho slow, sad  murmur of fa
r  distant
seas,
Whipped l>y nn Icy breeze
( pon  a  shore
Wind-swept    ami   desolate,
Il  was a sunless struml thnt u
>ver hore
Tho  footprint   of  man
Nor foil tho weighl
Since t ime began
< >f any human qualil j or st ir
BflVG  whnt   fhe ihean   winds n
ol  waves
incur.
Ami   in   the   hu-m    of    waters
was   fhe
sound
of pebbles rolling round,
Forever rolling with h  hollow
Ami bubbling .-ou  weeds us 11
sound
e waters
Swish to and fro
Thoir long, cold tentacles of si
my gray.
if the
ippl;
loot
is  devoted
s the secret
iiccess with
s appeal to
'    .level-
epi
:ieel. who  ascended
Dover,  in   England
pari   ol' his elect lies t
i iii Prance,
The ambitious elt
from
and,
, keep
the dill's of
nfter dolling
afloat, landed
the
greatc
who  wus  ren   Englishman,  winds which he would have
miss   the   mortification   of      So, upon a fair .lime day
■' D'ye see yon flagstaff!" he queried,
"Weel", that's Bannockburn, whaur the
Knglish ran uwa' frae the Scots."
•■Ah," said the Sassenach, with a
sniff, "they were probably scared away
by tin* smell  of tiie whisky."
And the passengers roared with laughter.
*      *      a
A SCOTCH nobleman happened to
learn, while in Washington temporarily, that a certain distinguished family of Petersburg, Virginia,
were related to him. How he found
it out is not told. At any rate, after
much correspondence, preparation, etc.,
upon the part of the Virginians, he went
to visit them. Exactly what the mistress or master of the Petersburg household may have taught their servants
with regard to the manner of address
proper toward a nobleman is not recorded, but at dinner, the evening of his
arrival, a colored man handed him a
dish, with the perfectly audible re-
epiest. "'My One], take some. "
*       e*       a
A PLEASANT retort was that given
by Admiral Marsden ut a dinner
in Malta several years ago. It
was given on the Fourth of .luly by
him to the American officers on a man-
of-war, and all the English officers in
the harbor were guests. They were no
better bred than many Englishmen eef
that day, for when the regular toast,
"The day we celebrate," was read,
they set clown their glasses unlaslcel.
The venerable host added, gently: "The
clay, gentlemen, ■.vhen Englan 1 celebrates the coming eef age eef her eldest
daughter." Every face cleared, uinl
the toast was drunk with hearty cheers.
Wit never finds its way to the mark
so swiftly as when it is aimed with
kindness  ami  gooel will.
This, he ex
iibniring Parisians,
r achievement than
mint of the contrary
to conauer.
in 1785, In1
in Boul
across seas, accompanied by a now
comrade, M. Homain. It was a strange
ship iu which tbey were to ride the
clouds—thc oddest aerial craft, indeed,
that the world had yet seen. It comprised a big gas-bag beneath a little lire
balloon, with a car banging to the latter. Men of science shook their heads
anil protested to the aeronaut that the
combination was worse than fire built
under a powder magazine, but Pilatre
de Rozier shrugged his shoulders.
"If my body comes down too fast,
my soul goes up," he said, and the signal was given to cut the ropes.
All Boulogne craned its neck and
stood agape as tbe thing curried its human freight up intee the radiant summer sky. They arose rapidly, and for
a while seemed" to be moving gently toward England. Then there came a sudden gust from the north which blew
them back eevcr Prance, and M. de
Rozier could be seen plying his brazier
with more' fuel in order tee rise still
higher and reach u counter-current of
air. liul when they reached about
three thousand feet the thousands of
spectators cried out with horror to see
the whole apparatus burst into flame.
The horribly mangled bodies of de
Rozier and Homain were picked up near
th.' seashore, about four miles from
Boulogne nnd within a few feet of the
monument which marks tbe triumphal
descent of Blanchard after his successful crossing of the Channel.
Such was the irony of the fate which
pursued Pilatre de Rozier, the first bubble-rider to challenge the forces of King
Aeolus.     II
with a wondrous brilliancy, unci the
spectators renewed their applause at the
beautiful   spectacle,
This last display of light, howevei.
ivas not upon the programme, I'lie
aeronaut hnd forgotten to secure the
valve of her balloon before lighting the
fuse, and a spark had ignited the escaping gas, exploding the whole of the ull-
velope. Her white form, descending iu
the shallow boat, told the spectators
what had happened, ami women fainted
.11 fell into hysterics, while hundreds
of men cried out in apony.
lime. Blanchard cl. ,pped outside the
gardens, A squad of galloping gens
d 'amies fouud her upon Ihe roof of a
house on the Rue de Provence, whither
she bad fallen from a height of four
hundred feet. She was still in her
little boat, and she still breathed. But,
although every assistance was ren lered
her, she died ten minutes later, and a
sad little procession followed ber corpse
as it was borne into Tlvoli Gardens,
whose proprietors presented tbe receipts
of the evening to the orphans of the two
Blanchards, who in their fatal trade
had now shared the agonies of death
as they had divided thee honors of life.
Thus did tlio'Th-st tragedlei  of the air
muke  her final  exit   freem  the  crowded
and uncertain stage of human events.
(To be continued)
POACHERS'    SNAKES
THOUGH private game-preserves iu
the United States are rapidly increasing in number and game
brings a high prico in the markets, it
will probably be some time before
poachers become such a serious problem, as they are ia England, where
poaching is a very ancient if not honorable occupation, and where a constant
warfare, more or less serious in results,
is maintained between these gentry and
would bave lifted himself J tbe gamekeepers.
I
lerstnml the anatomy
I well ns they know how to
Bible .shoe.
Tbe  introductory  arl ielc
: to tho square gait.    He sa;
of iho  American trainer's
the  harness horse  lies in  h
(the horse's meiitul qualities. To
op this confidence and courago in a
horse proper balance is absolutely essential. A square trait alone will conserve muscle ami strength, and will increase endurance. Ue shows how irregularities of gait can bc distinctly
shown and then goes on to his next
chapter on the motion of the feet.
Here he gives a series of drawings ilius-
faulty or otherwise. At
the end of this chapter he shows that
he has studied modern photography.
Tlie human eye has always claimed
great uccuracy of observation concerning tilings in motion, but photography
has shown how unreliable if is in its
verdict.
This brings the author to chapter 3,
I in which he at once refers to thc fam-
| ous book, "Horses in Motion," printed
at the expense of the late Senator
Stanford, in which it was at. nuce shown
by photographs how all our preconceived notions regarding the motion of
horses in motion were inaccurate. It
was a terrible blow to the old artists,
for it was conclusively shown that no
horse ever trotted, paced or galloped
in the way iu which they were painted.
This chapter is full of illustration on
the style of the Stanford book, showing
length of stride, and action of feet. The
article ou a perfect balance draws attention to the fact that a record should
be kept of each shoeing, of tbe length
of the toe, of its angle with heel or
sole surface, of tbe size, weight and
shape of the shoe and of their application. There is a very strong article
on experiments and their verification,
in which tlie subject of toe weights is
thoroughly investigated. Then comes
an article on the harmony of gait. The
hook finishes with a plea for a useful
trotter and the full recognition of his
value. Tt is a remarkable book, but
it must be carefully and thoughtfully
read to be appreciated and we venture
to say will become a classic in its class.
night
align!
>f   th
•ighti
■    dn
nod
Setting the stars
To wonder nt tt
Wus  twilight  mi
croon.
Smitten    to   will
wind
And waves fhat
And  then   i   loosed   mv ear—0.  il   wa
sweet
To  hear
street
;|ou
moved  blind-
cart   go   jolting   down   the
fi OTJNTLESS are thc stories told of
V.'     the   geniality  of  Dr.  Hans Rich-
tr
thc ram
tor. While rehearsing a
phony in which the first.
number nf delicate  trills
estral conduc-
Mozart  sym-
violins  hud  a
und   turns  to
to the starSj but his soul went  high
than thoso heavenly orbs when his body
came down t oo fast.
Zambeccari's Steed of Fire
So, riding on wind-bags, shall men seule
tlie empyrean.—Carlyle.
ible sport, this prancing across
I mat of soft pasture bordering
i crystal lake thut shimmered
gainst the green of all the world
perform, these wen- played too heavily
for  Richter, who said:
'• I'h use, gentlemen. pianissimo.
Queen Mub—not suffragettes."
Again, when Richter wus not thoroughly satisfied with the orchestral
rendering of u scene from " Tristan
and Isolde," he stopped the rehenrsnl
and asked for more dignity in the playing, adding that [soldo was tho daughter of o   king,  not   u  cook.
'in another occasion, while rehearsing
Tschaikowshi 's "llomeo uml Juliet"
music, the violoncellos have o very pas
-ieelinle    melody
te.   plnv.
Richter
was
bv no means >
tisflod  that
the net
elflll
warmth   of  <*x
eression    ha
1     lee,mi
•ele
'' field lemon.
genl lemen
"    said
he'.
■ ' '.nu   all    pine
like   marri
ed   mon,
not
liie- lovers."
A
a br
upon
silve
about. Fearing to land in either thi
forest, or the luke, tlie counl selected
Ihe pasture land between, and when he
hud floated above it threw out his anchor.
His aim wns good, i 11> caughl a 1 ree
on thc very verge of the wood. Now
il would be an easy mutter lo run out
the line anil bring his ship gently to
earth, Hut. nl u crucial moment he bo-
came entangled in his hawser. The balloon received a sudden jerk that upset
the brazier, ami al once the great swaying envelope above caught fire. The
two torror-strickon aeronauts jumped.
It wus n dive of fifty foot.    Ii made the
cripj
ile, and tin
omit  it killed.
DEATH TIIE  FATE  OF  TIIE
BUBBLE RIDERS
the   World's   First   Aeronaut
master of ihe  heavens,  as
Fate   of
Mar    i
well   a-   ol   t lo- earth   and   sen.
.Vol only run lu- bring down the
stars from tho sky with hi.- tele
scope, bul ho can now lift himself
to tin   stars by means of the bal
lOOTl
HE   who   thus   exalted   over   mac
mastery of the heavens was the | with
world V   pioneer   aeronaut,     Tho
time was a century and a quarter ago,
ami Paris was i he place.
The haze of tho French Revolution's
dawn was commencing to show its crimson light, Tho period was pregnanl
with awful happenings. The greal
Dr. Franklin, in his gray homespun, hnd
but recently gone out into tho broad
green expanse of the ('hump de Mars
to watch man's firsl experiments with
"hollow globes" filled with "inflnin
mablc air," buf not yet shaped big
enough to furry human freight, Frank
Iin marveled to hear thnt n man-carrying air-globe of this kind was sunn to
be  completed,  and   lu-    wrote   to   sir
First Tragedienne of thc Air
When   greater   perils   mon   environ.
Then women show u  front  of Iron;
And, gentle  iu iheir manner, they
Do bold things in u quiet way,
English.
Ton yours after dashing across tho
Knglish Chunnol and into worldwide
fame, thnt Blanchard whom do Rozier
vainly tried to excel married a pretty
I'Verudi gill, Sophio Arnaul. whom he
t.uughi to be as skilful nn aeronaut us
himself, Together they toured the
world until tho thirteenth yoar of their
marriage, whon, during his sixty-sixth
ascent,    near   Thr    Hague,    Blanchard
The signs sometimes seen on the
j fringe of English woods, "Beware of
I man-traps ami spring-guns! " may
j frighten the harmless cockney out on a
j Sunday, but the professional poacher
f knows that man-traps and spring-guns
1 are prohibited by law. He has to be on
I the watch, however, for traps which
, will at least give him a bad fall or u
| ducking. A fence which lie is climb-
i ing. and has climbed many times bo-
| fore, may give way with a crash, or a
i plank laid conveniently across a ditch
or stream may have been sawed almost
through. A fine but strong wire stretched across a pnth about eighteen inches
from the ground is a serious danger for
the poacher, as he may stumble over it
and get a bad fall, or. worse still, his
dog may encounter it whon running at
full speed and be cut almost in two.
Without his dog. the poacher is practically harmless, and the most effectivo
wav of [Hitting nn end to poaching is to
kili or injure the faithful and intelligent  betist.
Sometimes a trap is set for the dog
which is not intended to injure him,
but which will give nn alarm. A loaded gun is put in a field where hares
feci, ami u number of strings, fastened
fo the trigger, uro led in various directions and secured to pegs. In driving
the hares the dog is almost certain io
encounter oue of the strings, discharge!
Some time ago that well known writer Henry Ten Kyck White wrote a very
able article maintaining that Cresceus
was the greatest trotter in history. It
was very strongly put and thc vast army of great performances made most
ably marshaled by a master in thc art
of writing uml  statistics.
Hut. his article did uot long remain
unchallenged. .1. B. Miller of Oneida,
N\Y., at once took up the glove and
in a very able and elaborate article
maintained that Goldsmith Maid was
the greatest trotter that the world
has ever seen, and he certainly makes
out a t-trong ense. Certainly no trotter ever had such a long and brilliant
carper. She wus the queen of her time
as (Jrcsceus was the king of his, but it
is exceedingly difficult, if not impossible to accurately compare two great
horses which lived in different eras and
trotted under such different conditions.
So far as the length of Goldsmith
Maid's career is concerned she is undoubtedly ahead of Cresceus. though
his career was a wonderfully long one
for these dnys. If is difficult to bring
together   two   horses   with   records   of
THE MICROBE
The Microbe is so very small
Vou scarce can see the thing at all;
In fact, for this your only hope
Is to employ a Microscope.
The Doctors, who arc very wise,
Say Microbes take great Liberties;
They swarm by Millions, only think!—
In what we breathe and what we drink;
Nay, even when we're very young,
Some twenty kinds live on our Tongue,
Ami inside, outside, all our Pores
Are occupied by scores and scores!
A good excuse I. cannot see
For such Familiarity;
Had we but Offered them our flesh—
But, Uninvited, they're too Fresh I
A girl once crosseyed was, alack,
So that her Tears ran dowu her Back;
But Dr. Dosem made her cheerier
By ridding her of her Bacteria.
(For learned men give many a name
To .Microbes, meaning much the same—
Bacilli,  germs,  and   microcytes,
Bacteria and  zoophytes.)
These Microbes are of many kinds;
There's   one   that   like   a   Corkscrew
winds:
.And  some are  round, some  long, some
flat,
And   some   shaped   like   an   old   cocked
Hat;
And some cau give you, if they please,
Varieties of  choice   Disease;
For    typhoid,    measles,    mumps    diph
them—■
Each has its own brand of Bacteria.
Now,   since    'mid   Microbes   we   must
dwell.
How in the World can we keep Well!
The answer is, some germs are good,
And fight the bad with Fortitude;
And in our blood the Phagocytes
Devour disease-germs, day and nights!
'Tis well we have these tiny friends,
Else we should come to Early Ends.
For them we must be thankful; yet
'Tis odd that thus our Health we get—
I wish some Nice way had been found;
L Hate being Microbes' battle-ground!
—George .T. Smith.
AERIAL ITEMS
IjIROM Now York to Philadelphia and
back again within the time limit
of daylight for one day was the
record made by Charles K. Hamilton on
June 13. His time down to Philadelphia was 1 hour, 50 minutes. His total
time in the air was 3 hours 34 minutes.
The distanco of the full trip was 175
miles.
id   put   the   keep.
Hi
ot
number
a dead hare or
up the ground
appeat that the
i u natural inun-
ar by, and take
when he next
brought pallor to thousands of upturned
Dutch faces by fulling out of the sky
ghastly thud.
Tiouis Bonaparte, King of Holland,
commanded that every attention be
given   the   first   trausmnrine   aeronaut,
who rallied enough
lo Paris, where ho
year, leaving his pli
bul debts mid the sc
trade,    In his trade :
I o  he   bori
died   Ihe   following
i'ky willow nothing
■re'is of hi.- perilous
he cont inued alone.
the   gun
alert.
When   a    keeper   find
snares set   lie   will   put.
rabbit   in   one,   scratch
and leaves, to  muke it
animal had st niggled in
nor, conceal himself ne
(he prowler '' in ihe net
comes to his Bnares!
The usual wny of collecting pheasants
i*; for tho poacher to provide himself
j wilh a light gun. using :i vory small
i charge, so thai the report will be slight,
. with which he kills the birds iu the
1 trees   iu   which   they   roost,     Keepers,
therefore, muke wooden decoys nnd
| place   them   in   frees  located,  from   the
u:14 and 12:0^/,. Budd Doble once
stated fo the writer that had Dexter
3:17m lived at the same time as Nancy
Hanks 2:04, he would have trotted as
fast. Now the famous driver drove
both. We know a great deal about the
influence of weight, but who can tell
tho speed difference in an old-fashioned high wheel sulky weighing
seventy-five to eighty pounds aud a
modern bicycle wheel' sulky of thirty.
If Dexfer would have trotted iu 8:04
in our day. ihen by Ihe same allowance
that would bring Goldsmith Mnid to
2:01 on Doble's idea, which would bring
her one uml u quarter seconds faster
1 linn   t,'reseeus.
This sliows how utterly impossible  it
i- to rely upon iho sequence of figures,
foY great though the mare was, who
will believe thut she could, if living today, do anything of the  kind.
The common sense of the whole thing
is flint it is impossible to accurately
handicap horses of different periods.
Goldsmith Maid was the queen of her
] time, t'resceus wus the king of his.
Hon Dillon uml the ever to he lamented
Hamburg lielle nre queens of their time.
In all probability there will be a new
stallion  champion this vcur.
it**, W-MdK* Wew, Wmtmrr Br-M*
Rellev-td By Murln* Efy« tWUmmof.     fry
Murln* For Tour By* TroublM. Ton
Will Like Murine, It Soothe*. EOo Xi
Your Druggist*. Write For Bye Books.
Free.   Murine Eye Remedy Co.. Toronto.
The Wrights once again proved themselves the masters of those who fly
by sending up a pupil 4,939 feet, breaking the world's record for height. Walter S. Brooking it was who burrowed
up for mearly a mile, like a "flight"
pigeon released from a city roof. The
flight was made at Indianapolis on
■'une 17, and surpassed l'aulhan's
achievement at Los Angeles by 775
feet.
In one of its customarily well-written
editorials. Mr. Hearst's New York American" says of recent happenings in
the air:
"The time seems already at hand for
messenger service and for exceptionally
rapid transportation of small parties to
meet 'emergency engagements, where
expense is not considered. For war and
for reconnoitering, the mission of the
airship is clear."
OLD Governor Mattocks, of Vermont,
who, when in Congress, boasted
that he could "beat 'em all writing bad," was no speech-maker. The
nearest he ever came to making a political harangue, according to a writer
in the Lowell Courier, was once when
his friends gathered around him to congratulate him upon his nomination as
governor of the State. He was in a
Fight place, for he was compelled to reply, llib speech was as follows: "Boys,
1 1 bank you; and now, if you will elect
me governor, 1 will tell you what I will
do.     I   will  appoint two Thanksgivings
PILES.
You will find relief in Zam-Buk!
It eases the burning, stinging
pain, stops bleeding and brings
ease. Perseverance, with Zam-
Buk, means cure. Why not prove
this ?   -^ ^rugffistta and Stores.—
60. box.
am-BuK
Lf°Res
unci   no   Fast,
waan 't often i
Good-bye."      Still, be
t n loss to find something
to say when something had to be said.
One Xew Year's day morning, as he
wns bathing and preparing for breakfast, be unfortiinalely leaned against
the door at tbe head of the stairs leading to the kitchen. The door gave way,
and the maids of the household, while
busy preparing (he morning meal, were
astounded to see, rolling aud tumbling
into their presence, a chubby, fat old
gentleman in a most unpresentable attire. But bis wits were with him.
"Ladies," be exclaimed, politely, "I
wish yi.ii a happy new year"; and then
bounded upstairs again, four steps at a
time,
ric&tion
On
you
plows, harrows  and drills
Granite
Harvester
use
Insures
from  the
hotter work
new machine
and lengthens the life of
the old. Wherever bearings are loose or boxes
worn it takes up thc play
and acts like a cushion.
Changes of weather do not affect it.
Gasolene
and
Kerosene
Engines
Steam Traction
Engines
and
Steam Plants
Traction Engines,
Wagons. Etc.
Standard Gas Engine Oil
is the only oil you need. It provides perfect lubrication under high temperatures without appreciable carbon deposits on rings or
cylinders, and is equally good tor the external bearings.
Capitol Cylinder Oil
delivers more power, and makes the engine
run better and longer with less wear and tear,
because its friction-reducing properties are
exactly fitted to the requirements of steam
traction engines and steam plants.
Mica   Axle
makes the wheel as nearly
sible and reduces the wear on axle and box.
It  ends axle  troubles,   sjves  energy  in the
horse,   add  when  used on axles ot   traction
engines economizes fuel and power.
If neit at your?, write for descriptive circulars to
Grease
frictionlcss as pos-
Every dealer everywhere
The Imperial Oil Company, Limited
FOR THAT NEW HOUSE
Sackett Plaster Board
The Empire Brands of Wall Plaster
SIANUI'-ACTURED ONLY BY
The Manitoba Gypsum Co., Limited
WINNIPEG, MAM.
THE BUCK-EYE
Pro^i-os:-.
trotter has
is   thf   1:
not   yot
w  of
reach
life  ami   tht
■il liis limit.
.Tosejih Banks;
" A philosopher here, M. Pilatre do
Kozier, has seriously applied to thr
Academy I'or leave to *,mj up with it in
order to make some experiment.-:. lie
vran complimented nn his zeal nnd courage for t he promol ion of science, but
udvisod to wait, till the management of
and it w.i*-* tn her that lens of thousands
of Europeans owed their ,uost dolight-
ful thrills during another decade.
Finally, on .luly ii, 1819, when Louis
.Will, was on the throne of Franco and
Napoleon was languishing in exile at
St. rielona, the famed Tivoll Gardens,
Paris, wero the scene ni an "extraordinary   fete,"  al   which,   it   was  an-
. nounccd, the pie
I 1 n ascent  hy
I lumino.i**. balloon
works.
the heavenly blue, thi- leaping from
one icy cloud cllfl to another, tliis out
cabling the eagle! A noble sport, for
noblemen, fnr whom the trembling Mar
! ile resistance was to
Mme. Blanchard in a
nrnaineiited  with hie
back ' poacher's  point   of  view, most conveniently, ninl conceal themselves near by. j
When the night-prowler begins lo blaze!
away   at. the  decoys,   the   keepers   rush j
out, and  make a capture.    The stealing j
of pheasants' eggs is regarded in  Kng*'
land ns the most heinous form of poaching,  ami   eggers   are  sometimes  caught
by mean*-: of a decoy nest, in which eggs
have   been   placed.     When   all   else   has
failed, poachers are occasionally bagged
by means of marked hares or rabbits-
when sucli a marked animal is found in
a   gameshop,   it   is   nu   easy   matter   to
trace it b:nk tn the man who originally
Offered  it   tor sale.
'hi more than nne occasion it has
been proved that London game-dealers
were operating as the confederates of
the professional poachers, who operated
boldly in gangs so large as to mnkc thc
efforts of the keepers futile.
Current Verse
VOL. 1
WEEKLY EDITION
No. 88
The Kind that Mother
Used to Make
THE FROLIC WIND
sthei
llll.'V
'I'lie* wind laughed clown thi
.Nnd Miner to the whispering treeH;
It kissed the flowers rudely,
An.l tumbled lln* laden liees. -
It played with a maiden's ringlet*-,
11   Btartled  a  elreewsy  lire.
And wroughl ley :i dreaming river
The reeds in a low-tuned lyre.
It stole  freem a flowery garden
A burden of sweet perfume,
A ne I scattered tlie seeont of the roses
About in a dark sick-room.
It paused cm a city corner,
And tugged at the passers-by.
It crept  in a chimney corner,
And moaned as a ghost would sigh.
Hor smiles? Ah, they are mighty sweet!
They fill iny clays with sun and shine,
They gild the paths before my feet
With glory golden ami divine.
They lill me with ambitions fair
Por tasks immortals undertake,
Ami spur me ever on, for they re
The kind thnt  Mother used io make,
Her  eyes.'     Ah,  lhey  are  deeply  blue.
How T rejoice to watch their light
As they flash out on care nnd rue
And drive all worry out of sight!
Ami when she uses them—ah me!—
To stir me, how my pulses quake,
For lhey're again the kind, you see,
The kind that Mother used to make!
Iter cooking?    Ah, what genius lies
Behind  each culinary scheme!
Such  rabbits rare, such .pumpkin pies,
Each dish a sweetly dainty dream.
It matters not what she mny do,
Whatever she shall mix or bake,
There is not  one unequal to
The kind that. Mother used to make.
light, returning late,
ness     cares—and     other
And when at
Prom     leu
things
I  liml her waiting nt the gate,
Or upstairs, full of inuniinrings,
I think of many a bygone day,
And how my daddy used to'shake,
i'or her remarks arc, sad to say,
The kind that Mother used to make!
But, never mind, there is a charm
Which puts ull railing to thc rout,
Initiates a   peaceful  calm,
(lives peace within, and peace without.
And  when   rebukes  like   Mother  made
Assail the car, both  near and far,
Just crawl outside—invoke the aid
Of one ten-cent BUCK-EYE cigar.
P.S.—ln the midst of misfortune, when all seems
lost, never despair. There is still the BUCK-EYE
—and it is the best ten cent cigar you can buy.
47 THK HOSMEK TIMES
INTESTINAL
^Fruit-a-tives"    The    Only    Medicine
That Will Really Cure
Constipation.
The Liver both causes and cures
Obstinate Constipation or Paralysis of
the Bowels.
When the Liver hncomes torpid or
weak, then it cannot give up enuush
Bile to move the Bowels.
acts directly on the
the liver strong and
"Fruit-a-tives*
liver und makes
active.
Tiy curing the liver. "Frult-a*tlves"
enables this important organ to give
oil sufficient Bile Lu move the bowels
regularly and naturally, and thus cure
"Intestinal Paralysis."
'Fruit .a-Uves" Is made of fruit
juices and tonics and is undoubtedly
the only medic hie ever discovered that
will positively cure Constipation In
any forni,
"Frult-a-tlves" Is suid by all dealers
at 50c 0 box, G for Si.'.o, or trial box,
■Jfic, or may be obtained from Fruit-a-
tives, Limited, Ottawa.
PERU'S STRANGE LAKES
FROM Crucero Olto, the highest town
in the world, the southern railroad
of Peru drops down into the Lo-
gunilas, or lake region of the Cnrdil
eras, where, 14,250 feet above the sea,
is a group of large lakes of very cold
pure water, without inlet or outlet,
They receive the drainage of the surrounding hills aud conceal it some
where, but there is no visible means
of its escape. A fringe of ice forms
around the edges of the lakes every
night the year round. The two largest
Jakes of tlie group, Saracocha and
Oachuposcanu, witli several smaller
ones in the neighborhood, are owned
by a former President of Peru, Mr.
Roman a.
A curious phenomenon about the
lakes is that they keep at the same
level at all times. No amount of rain
makes any difference, apparently, in
their depth, which, however, has not
been plumbed in every case. This adds
to the awe with which these lakes are
regarded by the Indians. There are no
boats upon the lakes, except a few
small rowboats, which have to be kept
close iuto the shoro for fear of being
drawn into whirlpools that are said to
exist in the centre. There is some foundation for this fear, for only two or
three years ago a boat containing five
men disappeared on one of these mysterious lakes and was never found. Of
course it. may have capsized, but. the
bodies of the occupants were never discovered, nor did the boat ever float to
the shore. The belief is that, the wh jle
party was lured into the maelstrom and
smallowed up by the waters of death.
In the centre of Lake Popo there is
known to be a whirlpool, and in it
many lives have been lost. Boats that
are drawn into this current are whirled
swiftly around and disappear. For the
protection of navigators the govern
ment has anchored buoys in this lake to
mark the dangerous path.
There is supposed to be an underground outflow from all these lakes.
Careful observers say that in that locality are frequently found cornstalks,
reeds, and other debris which do not
grow in the vicinity, but are found in
great abundance among the lakes of the
interior.
TIME   AN
HERB is
erica n
stately
gazing  with
IMPORTANT   FACTOR
wealthy Ain
a  story of a
who visited one of the
homes   of   England,   and
admiration on the sward
that Stretched on every side, asked Imw
he could obtain such a lawn. "Oh! roll
it and care tor it for about four hundred years,'' said his host. The same
idea is euvolvod iu a more or less
apochrypal story about the late Gold-
win Smith. It is related that when he
was at Cornell, an ambitious student,
with a superabundance nf ''college
spiritT approached him with the query:
"Uow long will it take for Cornell
to become equal to Oxford?" Professor
Smith, unwilling to discourage the
youth, and not wishing to treat him
with levity, solemnly replied: "Probably about live hundred years.'' This
story is still current at Cornell.
THE MUSKRAT'S VALUE
IIK miiskrat  is at* the present
the most, important fur-bearing
animal of North America. Last
year muskrat skins were put upon the
market realizing to the trappers nearly
$1,700,000. A large percentage of the
catch is furnished by the tidewater
region of .Maryland. Delaware, and New
-Jersey, lu Dorchester County, Mary
land, the marshes arc usually leased to
the trappers for half tin- value of the
catch. In that county about 250,000
skins are taken annually. Nnt only the
fur is utilized, but the meat also, which
finds a local consumption, and is shipped to Baltimore, Wilmington, nnd other
cities. The financial return exceeds
that of the large oyster industry of the
same region. The fur of the black
muskrat. usually commands the highest
price, and in Dorchester County,some
of the marshes yield fully one half uf
this variety.
T*W»   DrinlH   Will  Tail   Xmw
Marin* S7« Remedy Relieves Sore Eyes,
Itrtnithens Weak Kyta. Doesn't So.art,
Soothe* Bye Pain, and Hells for 50c. Try
Murine In Tour EyoB and In Baby'e
Mm\jrmm tmr Sc&ly Kyelidn and QranulaUoa.
itinnt. antiseptic
ucni ior reducing Varicose
Veins to a normal condition,
healing lliem even after tney
have broken, .stopping the pain
quickly, overcoming the Bore-
, restoring tin; cirenhiiion
in a reasonable lenjytb oft!trie.
Alro a successful  remedy  in
treating Varicosities,painful
swellinprs, toothache, neuralgia, rheumnttam.rneum-e
J atlo or gouty deposits, Imn-
ionBf  corns,  bruises, lnino
I hack, stiff neck* Agnodrcm-
rly to have iu the house iu
1 case tlie children get a bad cut,
| bruise, Btrain, nore throat, or
me painful trouble where a
"il liniment would be useful.
%JJSOKBINE,JRMlwnetratettl
]■■ i nmlil * iiiui'klv •.*. iiii'mt piHisinir anv m-
IY;.-i* Sl GtM OZ.. S'J.DI" lit OX. bottle.    At nil
ivcri'-i. BnokSPfreo M.-intifm-tiin-ddiilyby
. 0. F„ 210 le.mplb St.. Springfield, Mass.
(8, I.i!).. ntanlrent, Cut. ml Inn AirrnI*.
 ,v Sl A It'll:*.   IIOl,K A HYMNf: H>., mnttl]it-gi
Tin: .Ytniiv..," man i. ritwnctii id., -- Inn * ui.
pu-j: anil HKXDE11B0N ItUUS. CO., Ltd.. VaBcaurw.
FASHIONS AND
FANCIES
W1
[ as is the more becoming, with, he
ITH all the hats already included in the summer outfit, man, mere man, is surprised and perhaps a bit
depressed at the interest and enthusiasm displaved
by his womankind in the subject of summer millinery, but
women understand and appreciate to the fullest extent the
fascination and delight iu buying new hats late in the season
and appearing iu an absolutely new creation when oue's
friends are wearing hats purchased as long ago as last month,
More and more is it becoming known that the hat i.s one i of the turned down brim
of the most, if not the most, important adjuncts to an eltee-!
tive appearance, nnd while the stupendous prices asked for ,.,, ,
hats is unwarranted by even the most costly materials, there j        lne cart wneel   hat,
are many women who prefer to pay far more in proportion   ,,la^|t' ,!'" tor""Ml*
for their  hats than  their  gowns, contending that a  smart.1 blach or whltl' ('ri" or ,'"
becoming hat will often redeem a shabby gown, while an unbecoming cheap hat will ruin the effect of the most elaborate
autumn ami winter the theatre hat trimmed with either is'
in style. It is an expensive fashion—thai must bo admitted :
—but feathers and aigrettes as well are capable of being,
done over satisfactorily many times, so that the first cost is [
the principal outlay, and then even in feathers imitation is
resorted to, with the delightful result of reducing the cost
two thirds.
The long plume encircling Ihe entire crown of the hat is
always becoming and is just as popular today as it ever was.
and the black hat with white, gray or light colored feather
is worn with any and every elaborate afternoon or evening
gown. The larger the hat thc larger the feather, and, in
cidentally. thc more expensive, is apparently the rule, otherwise there is no strict law laid down for this style of hat.
The brim is faced with tulle or velvet, or, if of tine crin
unlined, and the shape fitting perfectly in the head, size, and'
with good lines, it may have a brim thai turns up nr down,
.♦-a .♦. .♦. .♦. »|. a-". ►*,>♦• .fa. »♦. •♦■« •*» »|» •*"■• ■$»mf.••»?•>'•$• »WJ« it. .U • *>. .J. aA. .♦.»**. »|. .♦. .**., ... .t,  St.
'i. a p
ret
lerence in
fa vor
brim,
a
bsolutely
round
popuk
tr
aud is nu
ide in
Crin Hat with Fancy Aigrette
costume. Five dollars saved on the price of the hut is often
twenty dollars thrown away, lor there are few women who
are willing to wear what proves unbecoming, as the too .neap
hat as a rule is.
As the season advances there is often a marked change in
styles—in fact, a woman whose taste in dress is far famed
declares that the effort to know just what is thc latest fashion is sufficient to break the strongest nerves. At the moment, the hats are much softer iu outline, and in consequence
are more generally becoming. They still are worn far down
ou the head, so that little or no hair is to be seen, and are
decidedly odd, if not eccentric, but they are very smart.
The toque is worn by young girls aud older women, and
tlie newest shapes in straw arc just as becoming io the youthful faces as were the tulle turbans of thc spring. Colored
straws are iu great demand; one charming hat is of real
bluet color, with taffeta and lace trimming wound around it
iu most graceful lines; the same shape in rose pink and in
yellow is equally attractive, but in black is too heavy—a
failing that has to be guarded against in a black toque at
all times. Another fascinating shape iu colored straw is
almost flat, with drooping brim so wid? that it almost rests
on thc shoulders. This shape also is in blue straw, but of
a lighter shade, and trimmed with a wealth of roses and
loops of taffeta ribbon. Ou the picturesque order are these
wide, flat hats, with their drooping brims and wreaths and
plumes—but, nothing looks ho well with the daiuty summer
gowns light in color and weight.
»    •    »
And there are other hats to be worn with the thin summer gowns, made of lace or embroidered net or muslin, all
white or all black, or white with colored taffeta and pink,
red, white or yellow roses, as the case may be. ln white
lace with pink tatfeta drawn down over the crown and or.m,
and with a wreath of pink roses, is one of the smartest hats
of the season. The crown is high, the brim is wide, but be-
inp- transparent tlie effect is so light and airy that in it-tclf
it suggests summer weather, rose gardens and incidentally
garden parties. Ant so original, but just as becoming, is the
Charlotte ('onlay model, which is made in either black or
white lace and trimmed with a twist of velvet ribbon around
the crown and velvet bow directly in front. This style of
hat is made much larger this summer than usual and com-
pletely covers the head and hair, but, like the hat just t'e-
seribed, it is transparent, and there is no ugly, too hea/v
look, while the irregular brim does show here and there
glimpses of the hair. This season it is fashionable to '.oni-
bine color with black or white, and the bow and twist of velvet around the crown is of color in preference to its being ull
black. Odd shades of color are popular, but tho more brilliant, clearer tints of blue or cerise are preferred. This hit
is worn with all sorts of gowns and is suitable for both atter-
uoon and evening.
Oue of the most attractive details of this year's fasbion3
the   wide
Xt remedy
■d straw. It is poised on the side 1
of the head in such fashion that almost all the brim shows.1
The uninitiated in the mysteries of millinery and hairdress•
ing marvel at how the hat is kept on the head. Aigrettes'
galore are the only trimming, and they are so placed as to
show every little spear \n the best advantage It is too;
costly and elaborate a hat to be worn with any gown that ir
not on the elaborate order and intended for afternoon or'
evening, ft seems strange that there is not more attention;
paid to wearing the suitable hat, however, and well dressed!
women wear with the plainest tailor costume a hat only suit-!
TALK
Ho-6
able with a  most  elabora
tc reception   or   restaurant   gown.'
while, on the other hand.
it   is by no means unusual to see!
quite too simple  a   hat   w
orn   wiili  an  elaborate silk  or  lace 1
gown.
The   best   dressed   WOW
an  is not tlie one  who spends the!
most money on her clothe
s, but  she  who takes thc trouble  tn
phi a and choose what   Is :
ippropriate a nd suitable.
•     «     «
Home dressmaking al
this time of year is not  so difficult
a  task  as earlier  in  tin*
season   iu   the   fad   that   there  are
so many marked down  n
mterials  thai   can   be   found   in   all
the shops. Silk and satin and trimmings of all kinds are in
many instances far below the original prices asked, and it is
well worth the lime and trouble to lake aihantage of the
opportunities now presented. Liberty satin and voile de
soie, and only short lengths are needed, combine well, and if'
a more elaborate effect is desired then, with a length of em*
broidery on chiffon or net a most attractive gown can be I
evolved.
All linen aud pongee costumes are  marked down, and  it
Is often wise to buy a model gown or costume even while it
may be too large, for by careful refitting a gown is obtained1
for less than it would cost to make it, ami it will he far hand-
BOmer  in  every  way.     Another practical   plan   is  to  buy a
plain costume, coat aud skirt  or a  one piece gown, and by
putting  on   lace  or  embroidery  transform    it    into   a    most |
elaborate  costume.    Often  merely  adding  a   handsome  laee j
collar, revers and cull's will  work wonders, while a band of
lace or braiding around the hem of the skirt will make it j
suitable for most formal entertainments where the too plain
costume would have been inappropriate.    And the folded silk
or satin girdles add greatly to the smart and attractive ap-
Bluet Straw Toque
pearance  of the  inexpensive
really and truly bargains.
gown,  and   silk   remnants  arc
ft is said now that
thing,'' but one wonder
so strong is the love fo
sibiiities. Many of the
exactly the tint of the
giving a one tone effect that is alw
The   smart   uew   models  are   fa
hats  of medium  size  will   be  "the
whether nr uo this mode will take,
the large hat and so great its pus-
new straw hats are dyed to  match
gown  with which  it is to lie  worn,
very becoming,
with   velvet,   usually
MAGIC
BAKING POWDER
Does not contain Alum
NO baking powder that contains alum is fit to put
in your home baked food. Alum lessens the flow
of the gastric juices, causing indigestion and irritation.
The heart and nervous system are also affected by
•alum, and it is pronounced unfit for any food by all
food experts.
MAGIC insures pure food
for your household. MAGIC
makes delicious, healthful
bread, biscuits and pastry.
You have the assurance that
your baking is sweet and
wholesome
when it is used.
MAGIC is
a medium*
priced baking
powder and
the only well-known one
made in Canada that doe*
NOT contain alum.
Full Pound Cans, 25c.
Insist upon MAGIC—Nothing is "just as good."
WHITEST
BAKING
NO
ALUM
pfado in Cmimif
E. W. Gillett Co. Ltd. Toronto, Ont
ri-tXeC. KAJyJlS. Br\J\Jl\ mmmmtmmvmmm)mmw*mil  fc
$H* v '*- v v v *i* "*~ v "*' v T*" v *!* v v v *\* v,."i*.v •
nil tin*
Chip,   is
black,   and     this     iu   combinatio
Panama  weaves,  Leghorns and  white c
aud becoming.
Aigrettes, both white and black, f
trimming, placed usually at the back. .
noticeable ior thoir extreme simp]
iiiiiig. Though the trimming is usu;
of it is used and there is little con
i.s the hat itself which is more i
this year. .Many are turned u_
are turned smartly n\* in front, while still
fashionable, are somewhat nu the mushroom
huge pulled crowns of net  and other sheer f;i
iral
sir i
olor
ting
thc
guie  largely
,.    All the hats' seen are
■ity  of  shape  and   t rim
lly very rich, very little
inbination of material,    it
picuous than the trimming
U'uptly at oue side, others
othe
urde
tries
., equally
and have
sale  for twopence by
1 ten sovereigns which
FROM FAR AND NEAR
A pair of corsets purchased at
Mrs. Fordhain, of Iladstock, coatai
had been stitched up in them.
A chief petty ohicer was at Portsmouth taken into custody
and marched to barracks for wearing a white cotton shirt
instead   of  a   white  starched   linen   one.
The
st
caw*
in the world i
attains a long!
ropes by the S
ago
plant
which often
J are dried and used ut
A   constable   died   tw
i only did his successor take his cloth
1 his' beat.    He went  to lodge with t
: married her.
Medical    inspection   uf    1,000
j Surrey (Eng,) has revealed Ihe fi
Shirred Lace and Taffeta Hat
i probably a species nf
: of 300 ft. The stems
mth Sea Islanders,
at Worcester, and not
s and number, but also
the  widow, and  imw  has
five-year old children in
t that those who had several decayed teeth weighed on an average -.(if) lb. less than
those who had sound- teeth.
.lust before his master is due tn leave work* at a colliery
iu Abercarn, Monmouthshire, a dog calls daily at a public-
house, where he is given a clay pipe, a box uf matches, and
some tobacco,  which  he carries to the pithead.
A peculiar fraud has just been discovered by the officials
wdio engage the bands for some nf the Continental parks.
It. has enme tu Unlit thnt the bandmasters have been iu the
habit of filling up their orchestras with dummy performers,
A few bona tide players are provided, but the other- pimply
make a dumb show, being incapable of playing a  uote,
is the marked contrast in the styles. The lace and lingerie
hats are soft ami drooping aud the trimming corresponds in
line and effect, while just as fashionable is the hat with
sharp, almost hard, outlines, that has tho stiffest of trimming,
and which seems to frame the head much as thc conventional
gilt picture frame. This elVcct is to be noticed in one of the
smartest and most, popular shapes of the summer, the large j w
white   crin   hat,   with   medium   low   crown   and   wide   brim. |
Just, a narrow line of velvet binds the brim, and around the I if finally turned upon the all
crown is a fold of thc same color, while shaded wdiite wings] the point of a joke as readily as m
piite high, a little to oue side of thc front.    Carried] the ground that a sense of huinor-wi
CAN A WOMAN SEE A JOKE?
IX   :i   little  depnt   hotel   down   in
among whom was William Jen
for a  late night 1 rain.    The I
the only woman present.
After the talk  had  run  the ga
Illinois,
ings Rr\
ndlady.
A BATTLE WITH BEES
IN India, about eight miles from the
town of .labalpur, is a place called
"The Bee,*' from the fact that
swarms of thc insects live there and defend their holding against the world.
Shocking tragedies have resulted from
iuvasion of the spot. Some men who
had unwittingly disturbed the bees were
set upou by millions and stung to death,
or chose drowning in the river near by
as a more tolerable fate. Deer, pigs,
and even the lordly tiger have paid the
same   penalty  for  their   indiscretion.
A bold Jihiglishmau, who some years
ago determined to invade the home of
the bees, began by designing a suit of
defensive armor. It consisted of a sort
uf overall suit, tied round the neck with
tape, a bee-veil to be tucked into the
garment, riding boots, gauntlets, ami
two pairs of gloves, iuto this suit he
was sewn by a tailor, so that there
should be no clunk or crevice, llu took
with him a native, similarly armored.
The two were tu climb up to the back
uf the hills so as to get above the bees,
and another native, also armored, who
was in charge of the boat, ascended the
rocks. Jle weut to the bank of the
river, which was under the point of at
tack, and made his boat fust.
With his first attendant the Kngiish-
man climbed to a well considered
height, and then crawled cautiously forward alone, lie could hear au all-pervading hum, and his nostrils were filled
with that sweet smelt which is made
up of honey, wax, and beo.
Deciding that the point of attack
was about a hundred yards farther on,
the Englishman returned for his native,
and together they made their way
thither. The cliff was sheer, and even
overhanging. A dense mas* of bees
and comb lay about fifty feet below the
Britisher, and fifty feet below thai
were the boat ami the native in charge
thereof.
The hunter put nne end uf a rope
round a tree growing at the edge of
the elilf, gave the other end tn his al
tendant, and went over, lie found
thut he would have tn get a swing to
reach the ledge on which he meant; to
stand. Hanging down over this ledge
from above wore ten or fifteen feet of
comb.
The Englishman reached the rock
with his hand, gave a push, swung out,
then iu again, struck in the middle of
the comb, and gained his feet upon the
ledge with a scramble.
Immediately the bees were upon hiin.1
The noise ot' t he water below was
drowned by their angry hisses. The1
Englishman was completely blinded, for
they had swarmed over his veil, blocking out fhe light. When he touched his
body it seemed tn him, through his
| glove, that he was covered by a thick,
! soft,  fur—all  bees,  ot course.
For a few moments the daring Britisher was stupefied. Then he realized
that his armor was trustworthy and |
that he was safe. Tin- native lowered
the bucket] and blindly the hunter felt
about fnr the comb, and, as we!J as he
could, scraped it into the bucket. He1
then lowered it tn his unlive, giving
the signal for himself tn be lowered
also.   The man who lowered him stated
afterward  that   h mid   nnt  see  the
Englishman. In tin- place whore he
knew that his master must be there
was nothing to be seen bul a brown,
whirling: mass.
The Englishman swuug out iuto the
dark, bumping a-* in went, At last he
was clutched, ami .n once knew that he
was at the bottom. He brushed the
tier- from his veil, and through a driving mist ot them saw a cluster nf othor
1 s   iu   the   shape   of   U   inilU,     This   was
the  uni ive who had the boat.
They cut themselves adrift and row
ed  tn a  convenient   place, where they
camp tire.    lie made hi
ing the little lire with his
moment and allowing the
cend,   when    he   instantly
lire   again.     The   column
smoke-rings suid to every
in thirty miles, '' Ueware!
near! ''   Three   smokes
gether   meant'' Hanger,
merely    meant
smoke- meant  '
Frequently at night tl
traveller  saw   fiery
rings by cover
s blanket  for ;.
e smoke to as
covered   the
of  ascending
Indian  with
An enemy is
uilt    close   to
< tne   smoke
Attention."        Two
amp at this place.
ttler or the
rossing   the
b
Vice-President
Z.    so   deputed
straight  ball to i
balls given  nnt  t
members comprising
tl nd   states   that
by :
the
chid
exce
y  member of  I
\.    \.    P.     One
The number of
eed the number of
I '/.." A note at
this   rule   is   now
-ky, shooting up and falling, p
taking a direction diagonal to tin
of vision. Ile might guess that
were   the   signals   of   the   Indians
chaps
lines
these
.   but
old timer
interpret the s
squaw-man
I'
unless   lu
not  be able to
old-timer and 11
une   fire-arrow
treating the head of the shaft with
powder and  tine bark, meant tl
as three columns of smoke puffs, ''An
enemy   i-   nea r.''     Two   arrows   meant
"Danger," three arrows, "The danger
is grent."       Several  arrows   indicated.
"The enemy is too powerful for us."'
he might
goals. Thc
knew thfct
epared by
gun
-nine
T
lit
"I ZINGARI"
'By   Lauranoe   Woodhouse)
following    interesting    article,
the   reader  to   Bale
1 That   in   future   n«
1 be put to the Per-
t he Annual Vice-
the Committee."
of election  is now
V.
members   of  ear-
artistic   tempera-
i   displaying   their
■ entit led  ' * Suppli-
dlows:   * * Members
matches   are   more
requested  to  ab-
any colored shirt,
A Zingaric bell,
hat, cap, or  ne-ak
st
which appeared in tho London
Daily Mail, concerning one of the
famous Knglish Cricket Clubs, J
while informing to thc general public,
will have a peculiar interest to lovers of
Old England's national game;
if you  wero to ask  the man  in  the'
street   who   were   l   S5ingari,   he  would1
probably tell you that he had heard of
a cricket club of that name.    Ife could
not tell you anything further about it,   Drivers.
and it would be new* to him to learn      Pound'
that the club possesses strange rules and j t0 v
an   interesting history. f
to  this  most  exclusive  of amateur bowling, the Zingari have'pluy*
is the ambition ol many   i ,,,(   ,.|.j(.j,-,,t   li!M|,.r-   muat   unu9Ua]   (.(l!Hfi.
public school boy and   'varsity man.  Its tions.    In  1840 nne ui the original mom-
origin   is   curious.     According   to   the bers was attached to Sir Richard Paken-
information contained in the rules and ham's stuff al  Washington,    In order to
regulatk  "*' *' '"u' " **  *— *
altered,  and   refers
1 I,   which   Mates:
quest ion of any kii
pel ual    President,
President,     or     to
Therefore the mode -
an  insoluble mystery.
Kvidcntly Zingaiie
Her days were ni an
ment and rejoiced ii
club colors, for a rub
cat ion ' ' reads as f<
playing in Zingaric
than most earnestly
stain frout wearing
jacket, or trousers.
cap or ribbon round
should be the only distinguishing
badge." A cricket team decked in
trousers of red. block and gold would
indeed   furnish   a   dazzling spectacle!
There arc many sections in the members' list. In addition to playing members there aro a number of '"Agents,"
whose mission it is to further the progress and wel I'a re of cricket. Theu
there i-> a goodly !i-t uf " Half-play
members liable tn be called out," aud
yet a tint her list sets forth the names
of "Candidates fnr Hu- Asylum for
Aged ami Decayed Zingari." " Freedoms" have been conferred, bat these
arc rare honors, there being only seven
' * I'leemr'H," among whom are the Karl
nf K'usebery and the Marquis nf Londonderry, The latter also figures in the
list      of      "Dependable      Drags      and
To belong
■icket clubs
urioui
great
Wil
pn.l
game
the object  of
nf tin iiii try
and   also   to
t uuring
tu play
rove
I.'.   I
July, 1845, th
i. Ponsonby, J.
Long, rcturnin
lutch at Harrow,
the Blenheim II
After   supper,   an
for mu-
ieh shall
"I   Zit,
t Messrs. P.
L. Baldwin,
- m London
lipped plea- ,
tel in Bond
1   while   Mi..
tyt
wait ing
I  tint ive.
ef   |
I Inability
e
stand
. f. VO'J-IF. i
7      Mitel
Dr. Martel's Female Pills
SEVENTEEN YEARS THE STANDARD
freMribed and recommended lor women's at)
aunt*, a, scientificftlly prepared remedy of proven
worth. The result from their uni; is quick and
permanent.   For uie at all dtun itorei.
out in black and white, this is a most charming and becoming
model, but j-4 is also attractive in all black and all white.
It is made of the finest, most transparent of crin and is delightfully light.
Decidedly original in shape and trimming is a large, flat
white straw faced with black velvet and trimmed with black
velvet ribbon and an unlimited supply of aigrettes that stand
up in a high spread fan effect. Tt is too trying a shape to bc
generally recommended, but is so costly there is small danger
it will become too popular. The same style is also earred
out in all black or witli colored velvet on black. It is smartest, though, in the black and white of the original model.
Aigrettes and ostrich feathers were at one time considered
more suitable for winter than for summer millinery, but now
feathers are popular all the year, and spring and summer,,
■olitical questions
of women to sei'
lone!  Uryn n  tn ik
much a part nf the
but that it merely
made fnr the i
away, they ma
were freed I'm
sistent  enemies.
The    a rmor    had
men  was st ling, an
tin
Then
iilphur
held,
the   Im
live   miles
smoke aud
their   per-
 f   the
\   was just
feminine make-up as it was of a man
lacked opportunity for development.
"To  illustrate," said the colonel,  "take  the story of a
party of Americans who were on nn excursion steamer in th"
Aegean Sea.    When approaching the Grecian coast tlie party
assembled about the rail to enjoy Ihe scenery, which with the
late afternoon sun on it was very beautiful.    One lady turned
inquiringly to a gentleman nn her right and said:
" 'What is that white off there on the horizon?"
" 'That,' he replied, 'is the snow on the mount a in. '
" 'Well, that's funny,' the woman replied.    'My husband
said it was grease.' ''
All the men in the group laughed heartily at the colonel's
Only the  landlady  was  silent.     She  looked   puzzled.
d:    "But, Mr. Bryan, Imw did the grease get
the
story
Finally she sa
on the mounts
in |
fifteen pounds of honey.
INDIAN SMOKE SIGNAXS
Til t: traveller nn the plains it
early days soon learned thc significance nf the spires nf smoke that
In* sometimes saw rising from a distant
ridge nr hill and answered from a differ
ent direction. It was the signal talk
nf the Indians acrnss miles uf inlerven
ing ground, a signal used in rallying the
warriors for an attack, nr warning them
fnr a   retreat.
The Indian had a way nf sending the
.smoke up in rings ur puffs, knowing
tiiat such a smoke column would at once
bc nnt iced and understood as a signal,
aud not mistaken for the smuke of some
of the dub: " At a meetiii..
held—no   matter   when   and   much   less
where—nobody   chairman,"   it   was   re
solved  that  a  club be  founded
tun! cricket accommodation, wl
have  the   name  and  style  of
gari "
li
Poll;
and
after
ai'th
Sheet
Long enjoyed a nap, the other three d
cussed   the   idea   cf  forming  a   erickel
dub of their own.   There and then they
funned and christened it  and  framed  its
niles.     On   the   following   'inv   thev   pu
litcly informed  Mr   W. Holland thai  he
had been appointed Porpetual I'residcnl
iuuI  twentj   nf their  friends  that   the\
were members of  1  Zingari.    < u   these
nrigmal members only five are alive to
day, Iml ihe dub has grown tn such pro
portions   that   it   now   numbers   twelve
hundred, while other hundreds are clam
 :  for admittance.
The   club's   original   Colors   were   white
\iti. a thin bhe- stripe. Todm thev
ure black, red. and gold, the gold at the
top, The change of colors Is pari of
the history nf I Zingnri. H happened
that Tom Taylor, the famous editor ni
Punch, although no cricketer, was ad
ant idi a- a *' compnnion '' he also ir^
ured in t he official h*-i im" Liberal He
gal A.l\ iser," n posl held todaj bv the
linn. Alfred Cyttclton, M.P. i Now Tom
Taylor was much interested in gipsiee
(I Kings ti i. and had picked up a s nu
teriug of their language, one year he
oiiioui ned in < Iroal ia and made n«i i y
gipsy friends. ■ In his return to lOng
land he presented the club with tho
black, ir<\, and gold colors which are
the " national " colors of the real Zin-
Keep in touch with his
used  to  play   in   I'reshl
fellow sportsmen consi
ler (a man of Kent),
hailed from Surrey, at
mate
four
Tl
rules
most
ind
stance,   Rule   (i   state
regulat ions of 1 he <
nn.r   reading.     For
■ tb
'That   th.    i -
be  nol lling, and  t in-
favorite game lie
ont's Square, his
sting of the blithe Foot man. who
id a blach " helper. "    Oi vening  at   dinner  a   grave
American gentleman remarked to the
enthusiast: "Sir, I was surprised to see
you on the square today running alter
a Hit ui leather with i'a kenha tu 's
menials''!
This snme original member 'skippered" the three "menials" n .i great
h against tlie Navy, represented by
officers who had come to Washington on a special mission. The match
was played in President's Square, and
when the Zingari wenl in for the last
innings they required four run- tn wm.
The Kentish butler was nut first ball.
The Surrey footman wn*-* caught by his
< apt am. fnr both sides fielded. I n mak*
ing the catch the Zingari captain badly
damaged Hire fingers ol In- left hand.
However, he went in and batted with
nne hand and hit  oil  tie- t Mt,-.     H  ia pOS
-ild" that his knowledge of the ground
iiidi 'l him <•> win, fnr on tIn* middle nf
Ho* pitch wn- a lar;;.' white stone, at
which   he   wns   WOnl   t-i   bowl,   and   there-
if rluccd i! wonderful leg break. I
Zin.-ari. too, bave lately acquired a new
record, foi when 11 ■■ English team wore
voyaging homo from South Vfries t hero
were sii. members ni I Zingari on board,
who, under Ihe captnincy of  M r,  II. D.
(i.   Levesnn-Gower,   played   and   defeated
a r ipreseutal ive ship's team
I Zingari have numbered the must
! tli guished men nmong t hei r members, including the late King Edward,
.■ ho once played ior them
ICihg i mo a mi mbi
•., : ■    |hree clauses: "Ke
:  I '   p } our t empi
et   lip,
The present
T! e club mot-
,eep ynu:' prom*
teep } oni  wick*
^^^^^^^^^^^^ ntiual   su!
cription iin nol  exceed the entrance.1
Again, no Zingaric bowler may ex] n
unnoi unco  nt   .inst   missing 1 h i  >• icki t,
nor may n  Zingari hit  by the ball rub
the damaged spot, for under tin   I
ing   '' I rritnt ion ''   1 here   O0CU1 -   I he
lowing insir.tetion:— "T. 7. bowlers are
requested    nol    to   become   rubber-   nf
heads, hats, cap-, etc., when a ball nc. i |
dentally   passes   mar   a   wieke
batsmen    ami    fieldsmen    being
double or single wicket are not
to the 'rub.' "
The original mnde of eleel io
club  has  its   ingenuity.  '' The  ,■,
shall   be   placed   at   a   wicket,
withoul n bal as the candidnti
ride, and  be bowled  at by the
et.        1      Z.
hit   nt
entitled
cc I., the
nndidate
with   or|
.em   .1.-
Annu'il i THE HOSMER TIMES
Wntling Street, of which I'minon
Street i-*e a ,-onttmiatt.en. is supposed tee
have been  the*  principal  street  of  I *. >
'nun   I ton.  and. according tee  Unit    the regular county map bIiows nothing j against  tbe  land  in  tbe  hands of the
land, tbe historian, tbe stone was placed of tbe new streets anei luuel partitions j purchasee-  without first  exhausting the
at tbe conjunction of tbe military roads. J mapped (cut tee make- tbe section appear remedy against the grantor.
Stow,  tbe  ancient   London   historian,I homelike tee the* small  investor. A  judicial  sale of  property  under a
states tbat  in  his day tbe stone was      "The  trouble  with  these cheap  lot I lien i>r>«>i tr. a mechanics' lien diverts
on tbe south side of the street. "II waslsalea about  N,'*v v",k ■'ls-'1'' lr""1 the| the latter lien and the claimant must
fixed i
with   I
* .- ecu I ll   -liie-  eel   ine  sireel.        11   was j ■ *■" ■      ....     ,..- . ,,.,    ....     ■ i.c ciecceic    eii.cni
i'l the ground very deep, fastened  merit  of the Into—and those whee buy] look tc, tl„. surplus proceeds of the sale
liars   of   iron,   and   otherwise   soltl18"1   ■'-'   correspondence   without   see-] for satisfaction.    Where there ur ■ sev-
ir easier f«r the purchaser to prove hisj there is a mechanics' lien agree; to payljoieu pnq aq uioiim -jjihoui siq jam nciu
title and his actual plot, and he will I off the *Jame, aud save his grantor harm-1 seen. The chateau is his. A fortune
bave  something  definite  to  no  by, SB j less therefrom, the lien may be enforced  amply suflieient to keep it up is his also.
Finally, the title of Count belongs also'
to the carpenter lad. His father, Count,
de M., died two months ago. having le-1
gitimized his. son. The young carpenter count has just beeu called up to
serve his term in the army.
Current Verse
SERENADE
rrwiK lo
of tin- thousands of finished
J_ Anie: lean farmers who u re pnur
ing into Canada every year i» a
serious aftereffect uf wasteful exploita
lion and the failure tu uouserve thi-*-
country's natural resources, especially
the soil. The fertility of our soil has
been reduced below the point of profit
able production in many nf nnv coin-
■unities, and people instead ni remain
ing at home nnd building up impoverished farms, are [nigraling iu search
tr  \ irgin laud.'
This explanation of the Canadian
Movement was made a tew days ago
\.\ \\. .1. Spilltnnu, the expert mi farm
■lanagemenl brought intn the Deparl
wient of Agriculture by Secretary Wil
son a little mure than eight years ago
ami now chief nt' au important branch
of the department which has dune
Much towurd bridging the chasm between science and pracl ical farming.
Mr. Spillman thinks thai the stream nt
Migration which i- Howing over the
northern borders shoul . ait a- a warn
ing in thi   farmers uf America an.l show
them  the  ii 1  of  restoriug and  main
ruining   the   productivity   nl'   the   .soil.
Prom   his  standpoint,  thi-  is  the  mosl
important   phase "t   ihe  whole conson
iitimi problem.
Some nt the American emigrant - nre
taking up the lands iu Manitoba, Al
bnrtn mid Saskatchewan, where (hero
i« almost n stampede in establish farms
nn   the   virgin   soil,   in   tlie   belief   that
ttie fertility of the land i» "iuexhaust
ible." Similar claims were made a few
yeurs ago about the prairies of the
West and Middle West. Experience has
pioven, however, that no soil is inex
knusi ible unless eared Cor under an
approved  system of  farm  management.
"This country has been prodigul in
Uie utilization of nil its natural resources, especially the soil, and we are
mow paying the penalty," said Mr. spill
nan. a lew dnys ago, bet'niv leaving
Washington fur a field trip. "In many
ni niir older eomnvunities soil fertility
ie greatly reduced. The depreciation
#f the soil due tu primitive methods of
funning means a reduced income for
Hie farmer, because ni reduced capacity
•f the land, and an increase in thc
mf*t-\ nf food because of low yields.
Many ni our farmers, instead of staying
at home and adopting methods of reno-
Titling their wornout soils find it easier
»o sell the old farm and pack up nnd
Move   on.
"We -'ii'1"- facing a new situation. No
longer dues the improvement of hind
iu the West meet the loss due to the
abandonment of older lands in the East,
combined with the increased demand
fur the products of the farm. Thai
the same process of soil exhaustion
which caused the decrease ni agricul
taral population and abandonment of
farms in the East is now going on in
the Wesl and Middle West i- evidenced
by the decreased yields per acre on
innd which a decade nr so ago wns con
Bidered  t ho  richesl   in  the  country.
•■ There is a solution to the problem
which confronts us, and I ain confident
that the American farmer is industrious
and competent enough to work it out
on the ground. Abatidnidug or selling
the farm to move to Ch-.iuI.i does not
help matters in this direction. Abuse
n' the soil must stop. The period of
exploitive farming is past. Siugio cropping and failure to fertilise the land
properly will continue as t1*.- cause-3 >i
the non-success of some farmers, but
not "    many jm in years past,
''The per acre yield of land mu.-: bo
.increased Ity improved t ning systems
which will include the rotation ui crops
and the wise use of na'.urnl nu-i com
mercial fertilizers. [ntelligcul farmers now recognize tho importance of the
effect of livestock on the fertility of
fcbe 30il. l Hover, pens, alfalfa and ot li
er leguminous crops must bo planted to
restore nitrogen to the soil and humus,
leguminous crops have a wonderful
effect nn fertility. Com planted after
alfalfa in Kansas nnd Nebraska, compared with corn grown after non-leguminous crops, bas shown an increase of
7"> per cent., according to a recent in
vestigation of tho Departmont of Agri-
Olllture. The yield of corn has been in-
areased oO per cent or more by sowing
olover between crops.
"Countless cases might be cited to
show the results which are secured by
reallv scientific farming. I think now
Of a'farm in the Middle West that eight
years ago was producing only eight
bushels of wheat and twenty five bush
el? of com to the acre. The owner of
wliis farm was converted by a representative of the department to tlie use
nf improved methods of conserving and
building up .soil fertility, and at the
present time, and depending wholly
Kpon the natural resources of the farm,
he is getting twenty-five bushels of
wheal and fifty to sixty bushels of corn
tn the acre. Another instance is tho
ease ><i o farmer in New fork State
who lived in n region where potato
growing had been the source of farm
revenue for two or three generations.
Poor methods had been used and the
soil hnd run down until the yields
wero nnt over fnrtj bushels of potu
loos T.. I '■ acre, and these nt a poor
quality, A representative of tho office
of farm management induced this farm
er to gel good seed potatoes, enough
m   planl   foul   acre i,   and   'hen   showed
hue    bOW     tO    hill    them.    The    fOUT    OCTCS
produced  -oO bushels  pel  acre nf good
il   toes,
Wi make .-i -|e, .*i;t| point of hunt inn
up farmers wno hn\ i ul ready applied
scientific metiiods to their funning, and
■ -. telling others nbout their methods,
because in doing this we know that our
-, -   mmei dutinm are entirely practical.
We   fiiid   also  that   farmers   are   n	
.    to  listen  i-i nceount    of  thc  • >
pcrienei   ol   ai othei   farmer  than   thej
-■■;.-•■ ini     which  lit- v nol   been
i   ■
m mt ioi i- hopeful. Tie main
thii ■_- ' hal is needed is a sufficient nuin
ber i :' teachers who nol nnly under-
.;: ,-.■■ : | iM- problems concerning the
farim i bul understand the proper
methods to pursue in building Up the
soil. There is n nnt inn wide effort at
the pre-eiit time both by the Govern
mi '' and by thc states directed toward
restoration of soil fertility. Prog
■ is being made and the farmers in
many parts uf I ho country are increas
ing 'their profits steadily t hrough the
application of correct farming methods
to take the place of the old system of
mining the soil. "
TIIE HAIRDRESSER WHO DIED
TWICE
rilHERE aro many puzzling conun-
J. drums in French history, but per-
haps tho most perplexing of all,
though it has to do with a comparative
ly minor persoaage, is that surround
ing the mystery of the hairdresser of
Marie Antoinette. 11 is not a common
occurrence for a person to die twice.
* circumstance which has occurred in
the case of this hairdresser, who was
known   a.s   Jean   Antic,   alias   Leonard.
large blanket mortgages, and the buyer
who pays in installments runs great
risk of finding, after he has made several payments, that the owner has got
nuble by qui keeping up pay
davs and limes (afterwards made at|ments 1,ni1 "" lll(' mortgage, which is
the font in St. Paul's and theu at the foreclosed and the property taken away
Royal   Exchange);   (3)  a  testimony  to  from aim-    Hie poor lot buyer then ha;
ih*' eityV devotion to Christ, the stou 	
typifying its divine fouudati
iug  them   often   run   great   risk,"   said j eral mechanics' liens arising out of tli
Xpert   real   estate   man.   "is   that I .same  improvements and  thus of  equal
covered   by j rank.  ;■   sale   under   one   of   the   bens
many   of   the   tracts
land free from all th
'•tie
This Aiitte. or Leonard, was a Gascon,j strongly set that if carts do run against
born in 1758, who acquired a reputation j it through negligence, the wheels are
in Paris by reason of his great ingenuity , broken and the .-tone itself unshaken."
in   building  the  elaborate  coiffures  of      Borne of the public use- to which  it  iaJ& Diawcei mortgages, and the buyer  pas
the time of Louis XVI.    Ln  1783 he was, was put were as  follows:   (1)   A   mark
Judged   at   the   Tuileries  as    valet    del in  the  middle  of  tl ity  within  the
chumhre of tin* ipieeu. (wall;   (2)   a  place for the payment  by
When -Marie Antoinette ami the royal   debtors to their creditors at  appointed   Jn"'   '
family  made  their abortive attempt  to   -1
flee   from    franco,   Leonard   was   sent
ahead     us     a     -cunt.      He    was   seized,
brought  back  to the l-'ieueh capital, and
condemned to be executed as a traitor  ... 	
t0 the state. ' It   was   likely   that   upon   this  stone] wuo ,na>' have used them for the devel-  L. X.  Haskell, opposed to Guthrie and
Su far as any one then knew, he , all public proclamations were made to|°Pment of tm? property or for liis own in favor of Oklahoma City, the latter
was duly decapitated, his death being the people: in support- of which Shaw support, and not be able to return them, being supported by him on the stump
properly recorded  in  the  register  pro-1 quo.tes   the   fact   thai   the   rebel   Jack | JJ11*  situation^ mav ^anso j evou^ when | in  the   removal   campaign,   caused   the
retarv
MOVING   A   CAPITAL   BY   MOTORCAR
TIIK   State   Of   Oklahoma   i.s   in   turmoil over a contest to remove its
capital from Guthrie to Oklahoma
no   recourse  except   against   the  person j City.     The   change   in   distance   would
u ho has  collected  his  instalments,  and I be   about   twenty-live   miles.   Governor
This   sit ual inn   may   arise   even   when ', in   the   removal
vided   for   the   purpose.     Investigation 1 Cade, who said  be was  Mortimer, earl   ,1>" |nt> are offered for sale with title  great seal of the State to hi
has,   however,   elicited   the   interesting  of   March,   rude   up  to   London   Stone, guaranteed, for that simply means that  night  from  the oflice of th
.
fact   that   the   ex hairdresser   was   very   upon   which   he   struck   his   sword,
much alive in  ttussia in the year 1814; [ ing,   "Xow   is   Mortimer   lord   ni   this
and   to   cum plicate   mat t ers   the   Paris   city.''
register showed his second death certi ! This was probably in accordance with
ficate under the year 1820. The (jues-j the tradition that the uld Hritish kings
tion naturally arises, just how did Lena I took their oaths of accession upon Lun
aid manage to evade the penalty that I don Stone, and until thev did so were
ever) one hud no doubt he had suffered?! only kings presumptive.
A great many guesses have been veiitui | Before the lire of Loudon the stone
ed, and the following explanation offer ; was ''much worn away, ami, as ii were,
ed bv one puzzled historian, seems, of j cased over by sir Christopher Wren.
all ui them, the must reasonable. builder of St.   Paul's  Cathedral,  with
One day while q group of condemned I a  new stone, handsomely wrought, ami
wen' awaiting their turn  lor execution,
the guillotine broke down nnd  had to
be repaired.    A number t>f. victims had
I u   executed;   ten   or  a   dozen  were! north  side  near  the  curb, on  account
obliged to stand waiting till the repairs  of   its   proving   an   obstruction   in   iis
had  been accomplished. I'dd position, Fitly six years Inter, when
Now it appear.- Ihat one individual, St. Swithin's church was ubotll to be
the twentieth .in I he li.-t, wlmse ha mis replaced, the old landmark was doomed
were, as was Ihe custom, bound behind I to destruction, but happily, owing to
him. grew taint at the delay.    He leaned   the  intervention   of  Tluunas   Maider:
bollowei
IO   UI
tie
c'eellt-litl     till1
llllc
lent
relic.
lie    17
2  Ihe*  Rl
Hie
w.'c*  remove
■yti
the
gainst the Hue of officers that separated the prisoners from the mob of spec
tutors. Suddenly a gap opened behind
the m a ii, a! must un cun scion sly he slipped through, and the line dosed once
more. A bystander reached over and
placed a hat uu the man's bare head,
ami the people crowded about as if to
hide him. A short time thereafter a
man, with his hands behind him, was
seen in the Cbamps-Elysees, walking
with llu' air of one for a quiet stroll.
This man was said to have spent the
next night in a ditch, und to have made
his way In Russia subsequently. If
this person, saved by a fortunate accident, ur by collusion, was Leonard, the
story   explains   the   mystery   of   the   two
death  certificates,
ABDUL  HAMID *S  ARCHIVES
IT will be remembered that when the
Yuung Turks captured Yildiz last
year, besides jewels and treasures,
they entered intn possession <>t' the
whole collection of secret reports uml
delations which had accumulated there
during over n quarter nl' a century,
thanks In the activity and industry of
Abdul Hamid's see ret agent.-. These
archives of treachery, corruption, und
intrigue have not yet even been counted, bul their bulk (ills 360 odd cases,
which have been stored at the War
uilice. A special commission is at pre-
sent engaged in classifying and registering these reports, but has been able to
examine only about  half so fnr.
This heritage of the old regime is
threatening to prove a regular Pandora's box fur the new Government,
The archives contain evidence and ree
ords nf Hie shame of so many officials
ami others who yielded to Ihe corruption >>f the secret service that, their publication would create incredible confusion and general consternation. Very
few officials under Abdul Hamid were
able tn resist the temptations tu du a
little spy work; it wns one nf the nnly
ways of securing advancement, and it
is stated that many deputies, senators,
ambassadors, even ministers, as well us
n utne runs less im purt a nt officials, have
cause tn dread the revelations of the
Yildiz archives. It will be seen, therefore, thai the disposal of these reports
is   a   serious   question,
As yet the Government has given no
indication of its intentions iu this matter. Hut there hnve already been some
uupleusant incidents in this connection, j
and a whole sitting of the Chamber was!
w.'isied the other i\:\y iu a bootless dis-j
cussinti of the question. One of tho Deputies was uccused by another of being
:t djournnldji or delator; he defied his
accuser to prove it, and the latter repeated his charge, and added that certain other Deputies had likewise been
' 'informers." lie was proceeding to
name them when interrupted and presented by the leader of the majority,
but nevertheless his words gave rise to
a tremendous storm,
ft was proposed to invite the Government to publish all the reports seized
at Yihliz, but the President of the
Chamber was able to adjourn the vote.
and it i1-1 probable that a decision will
not be taken for sume time to come,
I'nder the circumstances, it is generally
Pelt that the best thing which could
happen would bo tho destruction of all
these damaging records of an unsavory
printer of Sherbourne Lane, the parish
officers consented to place it against the
south wall of the church.
HOW SHE GOT THE FEE
A VOUNG couple who went to a
priest io be wedded were mot
with ti request for the marriage
fee. It wns not forthcoming. Both
the consenting parties were rich in hue
and in their prospects, but rather des
titute of financial resources,   The prict
when a person gets his deed, he will of State to Oklahoma City, where io
get bis policy, but if he never gets to advance of the official returns of the
rhe point of being entitled to u deed, election he established himself and de-
then the title insurance is not available, j dared Oklahoma City in be the per-
and does not help him. maueut  capital  of tiie State.  Guthrie
"To make this business uf buying' obtained a temporary injunction in a
suburban lots ou the installment plan State district court forbidding the Gov-
perfectly safe fur the buyer, the own .'inur und other elective Stair* officers
ers of the property should convey it in'from removing state records from
a responsible title company tlmi will Guthrie und from transacting official
receive the Installments ami guarantee business outside the seal id' govern
Hint the buyer wim makes complete ment. Governor Haskell threatened
payment shall actually receive his deed,  with arrest ami Imprisonment the offic-
and   wilh   it  a  gunrunt f title.    The ■ er  Hint   served   upon   him  the  mandate
title company can protect Itself by re nt the state court. Guthrie made ap*
l,noing the payments mule, nnd if there plication in the Federal court fur a
is a mortgage, releasing it with the restraining order, and wheu the court's
lund- received from Hie buyer, ll such ! officer appeared before Governor Has-
a course could be adopted there could kell, the latter refused tn accept scr-
be nn question ni the Individual buyers' vice and threatened tu kick the officer
losing their money by foreclosure »f a I downstairs, Later, Governor Haskell
lirst mortgage before they have com changed his mind ami accepted service.
pleted   njl   theii   payments.'1 When   the   Congress   of   the   Oultod
States grunted Statehood to Oklahoma,
[ the   enabling   act    provided    that    the-
Ihe season is well on when n number State capital should be Guthrio until
nf persons are buildingVhile others ar.- 1913, and thereafter until changed at
still contemplating the erection of a an election authorized by the state Lo-
homc that will be for themselves alone j gislat ure. Under thi- iniutive laws of
and built frnm plans conceived by j Oklahoma, a bill was initiated by Ok*
themselves and which in iheir im-xper- , hihnma ''ity in which were twu pro-
ience they believe can be erected with- posuls; First, shall the permanent capi-
out the aid uf an architect, says a tal be located .' Second, where shall it
Seattle paper. Few persons unfamiliar j be located? Without their consent and
with building are competent to draw! against their wishes, the cities of
plans that may be followed by a build- Guthrie ami Shawnee were nnmed in
cr  .iml' oftentimes   the   designer  of  a I the bill by Oklahoma City as its rival
THE WINNIPEG  INDUSTRIAL EXHIBITION
CLOTHES FEOM SEAWEED
AMAKIXK textile has been discovered in Australia. It is a sea-
]ilant of the geuus Posidenia,
which is abundant in .Spencer Gulf.
This plant contains fibres fit for conversion into threads like cotton. Mixed
with woollen threads, it takes thc dye
like* pure wool.
The fabric woven from this plant is
excellent, among other purposes, for
coffee-sacks. Attempts have been made
to use the weed instead of hemp and
wood pulp in paper-making; and,
I hough unsuccessful so far, they arc
still in progress.
The weed from which this textile is
made is not. of present-day growth, but
consists of fossilized vegetation, the
softer parts of which have decomposed,
leaving only the hard and fibrous poi
tions. The supply is considered almost
inexhaustible.
r
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ON   CITIZENS'   DAY   A   PACKED   STAND
•N.
•tee
crenel*,
ami uel
ml 1
took  the  view
riuge."
-' (livo Uie- I 'ave
saiel the blushing 1
the money.''
It was given, ami she* s
the delicate mission of raising a marriage fee- out of pure nothing. Afl ir
a short interval she returned with i'-c
sum of money and the ceremony was
completed to the satisfaction of all.
When the pari.iug was taking place the
newly-made wife seemed a littlo uneasy.
"Anything on your mind, Cather
ine?" saiel the priest,
"Well, your Rivoreucc, 1 would 11 Ico
to know if this marriage ecetilel be spoil
od now."'
"Cortainly not, Catherine, N" num
e-au put yeeu asunder.
"C'eelllel      vein      Cecil      dee      il      yceill'sc'lf,
i spoil the- mar-
past:  certainly,  il  is  most unfair thai
tin*  patty  in  power should  attempt   lo| j.-ji11,,.t-.*    Could  you
nice Ice political capital oul eel' these elcicu  j riagef"
monta   against   ils   opponents,   or   use       "No, no, Catherine   Vou are past mo
ll i ns a handle against, persons whom I IIIIK     \  |mV( thing inure to elee with
ii wi-lies in coerce or overthrow, as in   t|,_*j
the case of  Porid  Pasha, lato  Minister;    "-■ '1*ii:.t. nisos  uind," suid Cather-
of the  Interior, [n0)  "and   Ood   ble-s--  your  Biveronco,
There's tin- tlckel leer your coat, 1
nicked it up in tho lobb\ ecu,I pnwnod
OLD  LONDON  STONE j,.-•
\T ISITOKS l.e the world's  tropolis
usually  take  great  interest in  a NOTES ON REAL ESTATE
curious piece of stono lol into the      -|*|10 following able' ni-ticlo  from  the
able  eet   ii   wall  in  Cannon  Stroot, just   \ew   yor\f   Timet   uf   I ul   date,   is
around  the  corner  from  the   Bank  of  taken in full withoul comment:
England,   It is au unpretentious morsol,      nen]  estate   n    particularly  those
und above il is the brief legend, "Lou-  engaged  in  selling  suburban  proporty,
don st,mc." The two words signify a   |luve   discussed   with   coiiBidorablo   iu
greul  .leal.    In tho lir-t   place', this is torosl during tl tsf month the morlts
ihe oldest  plea ' famous masonry in . ,,f the bill  mnking  ii  obligatory upon
Kngland, If  mei   in   Rurope. nil land companies to Hie maps of their
As feer its ancient history, it is snid subdivided property in the uilice of tho
he have figured  in tho Trojan  war, for  county  clerk,     ll   wns  introduced   Into
H xncl date of which kindly refer to tho  legislature  by  Senator  Hobbs,  of
Mr. Horner, who has writton extensively hjast   Islip,  and   Assemblyman   Thoiup-
eeii  the subject. seen,    li   i--  primarily ji'h I  to correct
Carefully screened behind an iron the evils duo to the foreclosure of a
grating lixed to the south wall of St. mortgage upon the proporty .'.enl rolled
Swithin's church is tho blackened and by the development company, thereby
crumbling old relic, which is nol only heaving the purchaser who has paid bul
supposed to date back to tho very foun- U small installment, nol only oul of
dation of London, bnl to acl as its pal- pocket, bnl without any visible claim
ludium, or safeguard. upon tho bil of real estate to which he
Tradition    declaros   that    the    stone  expected to gel  ii  title,
was brought from Troy by Brutus, and |    The sn called cheap lot  development
laid by his own hand as the altar ston
of the Temple of Diana.
"So leecig as tho stone of Brutus is
safe, so long will Loudon flourish," says
the legend.
Possibly it has been largely owing
In this superstitious belief that the
stone has been so jealously guarded
ih rough the centuries,
Many and various have been the supposition- pul forward as to the origin
aud use of this landmark, but the one
now niee-et generally accepted is that
it was the old Roman "millarium," or
milestone, fnim which, liko the one in
the Lorum at Rome, all distances were
measured.
concerns are not see numerous iu the
local territory ns was the case several
years igo, Indood, for the asking price
the property Itself may be all right.
but, anticipating the demand for cheap
suburban plots, a company will often
purchase a big tract, on a mortgagee, or
perhaps obtain only an option. ]f the
sales elo not pay expenses the company
forfeits its land. The man who has
paid but 30 per cent, or so of his purchase naturally loses. In many cases
title deeds nre given upon payment of
40 per cent, or so, and if the blanket
mortgage Is foreclosed these plots are
excepted.
The filing of thc map, however, makes
home is annoyed by the excessive cosl
of what he had in his mind was to lee
a cheap aud comfortable home. N'ot
only does the architect design a house
that cau be built within his estimate of
cost, but which if often through some
favorable combination built at a less
figure. In addition to tho fact that the
house is erected with but little trouble
to the prospective occupant, the architect in a number of instances saves
legal complications that are both expensive and annoying.
All moneys lue on account of wages
for labor and services to specified
classes of employees, for any period not
exceeding six months preceding tho salo
of the establishment in which such employee may bo engaged, shall bo a lieei
upon  such' establish! it   to the extent
of tho interest of tho employer. NO
mortgage or instrument by which n lien
is created operates lee hnpaii or post-
pone' thc lien  so given for wages.
A salo eef conveyance of the premises
alter the lien has attached thereto eloes
n.ei nll'oct the rights of tho person filing
the lien. This is true as a general rule,
oven flic,ugh such conveyance was mad"
boforo tho filing of tho llou notice or
claim required by statute to perfect thc
lion, provided, of courso, tho claimant
perfects his lion within tho statutory
period. li is immaterial that the purchaser   1 i^lit   the   property   in   good
faith, ami withoul notice', for the mere*
fact thai buildings or Improvements nre
lii'inee erected 'en tho property cousti
lutes constructive notice of tbe mechanics' lions to pct'seens dealing with tho
properly. As the lien extends to tho
entire id cer trncl cm which tho build
iug en- improvement Is,situated, a pari
thereof cunnol be sold free from the
lien, .-i in 1 il has boon held Hint where
lubor and materials for tho improvement   of   tin    houses   were   furnished
under u single contract, subsoquonl put
chasers ni two of i he lots, with notico.
wore not entitled to complain thai their
hits worn sold responsible tor lh tiro
debt.
With reference to work dono or mo
tennis furuishod after n conveyance
ni' i ho property, ii has been held thai
a lien may be established covering the
same if the work was .lone and the materials furnished pursuant to the original eontracl after n sale of the premises.
However, it should bo borno in mind
that materials furnished after a sale,
not iu pursuance of the original contract nnd without the knowledge of
the purchaser, but merely to preserve
the right of lien, are not, the subject of
a lion. Au assignment by the owner
for the benefit cif creditors does not
prejudice the rigid of mechanics' lien
claimants, but their lien as to the properly to which it has attached remains
superior to the rights of general creditors.
Where the purchaser of land ou which
IN THE THEATRICAL WORLD
The last, straw on the camel's back,
the camel in the present, instance being
Klaw ami Erlangor, has beeu placed
there by Henry W. Savage aud the
Theatrical Trust may be said lo lee
down nnd out, and there will be fouud
none to cry, "Peace to their ashes,"
but many ejaculate a final "Good riddance!" When Mr. Savage came back
from Kurope some weeks back, having
heard both sides of the theatrical fight,
he declared that he would book his attractions during the coming season,
some two dozen of them, where he
thought lit, whether the theatres were
dominated by the Syndicate or the
"open door" people, otherwise, the
National Theatre Owners' Association.
This was regarded us a great victory
by the latter and going far to break
the power of tlie former. Savage has
now gone even a step farther and if
the National owners were satisfied before they are now perfectly jubilant.
Owing to the unsatisfactory nature of
the arrangements made by thc Syndicate as regards the booking of Mr.
.Savage's   attractions   in   the   theatres
i trolled by the members of it, namely
Klaw anel Erlanger, he finally severed
all connection with them. In publicly
announcing this momentous decision, he
said, "1 have definitely and absolutely
severed all connection with the Theatri-
| cal Syndicate, and my attractions will
not appear in any house owned or con-
lirolloil   bv   thai   organization."
John Corf, the western theatrical
magnate, president of the National
Theatre Owners' Association und general manager of liie Northwestern Theatrical Association, announces thut he
will produce several new things for the
coming  season.
.Mr. Cort will present .Mrs. Leslie Carter in a new play by Rupert Hughes
that, is said to have a role that oners
fhe celebrated actress greater possibili
ties than anything she has hael in several years.    Mrs. Carter will be given a
short  road  tour  prior  I i   extended
! New  Vork- engagement, which will begin in October.
.Max Figman will open his season at
the felobe Theatre, Boston, on Labor
Day, in his last season's success "Mary
.lane's Pa." He will lee supported by
Helen Laekaye and practically the same
company as before. Early in the New
year Mr. Corl will present -Mr. Figman
in a new play in which lu; will be given
a   metropolitan  hearing.
".linga Jinn" is the title of a new
musical comedy that "Mr. Cort will produce in October. The book is an adaptation Irom the German by Loo Diet-
I'iclisteiic, which was formerly presented
in farce* form under the title of "There
anel Hack." The lyrics for ".linga
Boo" are supplied by Vincent Bryan
and the music by Arthur Pryor.
"The Gamblers," which will be Ihi'
lirst of a number of plays presented by
Ihe Authors' Producing Company, an
organizatiou of independent playwrit-
ers and managers, of which Mr. Cort is
president, and Charles Klein general
manager, will bo brought iuto New
Vork for au extended engagement in
September, after a short period cm the
rceail. "Tin* Gamblers" is Mr. Klein's
latest effort, and is considered by him
Mr. Cort has several more plays that
to bo the best work cef his career,
he intends to produce before the first,
of tlie coining year.
a      «      #
Speaking of the art of acting, the
popular American comedian, William
(..'oilier, says, "Tho eye is so much
quicker than the ear, that I play to it
more. And in every case I try to
think up what the audience expects me
to do. Then I do tlie opposite. Hut it
is not an easy thing to do to make an
audionce laugh. It is very simple to
make them cry. All you have to do is
to say 'mother,' or 'baby,' or 'mortgage, with a few sentences in between,
and you have everyone in tout's. To
make them laugh I try all kinds of
tilings. For two or three months my
parts never settle down becuuse I say
elilTei'ont things every night. The people who play with me have to got used
to me. for I cannot crystallize iu a part
until I have tried everything,
•   •    •
Those* sincere friends of thc drama
whee are also intelligent friends of
the drama have been aware for some
time that, whnt was only a few years
ago eommendably "new" unci "advanced" hus now become freakish
and a fad. Mr. A. II. Walkley, Ihe
London Times' dramatic, critic, recently
uttered some very plain truths cm Ihe
subject:
What  the   drama   of  the   future*  was
Have thy Springtime ee,*  it fade!
Never shall it come again.
j What  is  man   bin   mean I   leer  inaielf
What are maids lint meant  for ojeif
April  holds for lovers' play
Hut  her thrice  ten  clays 'and  nights;
Take them, or they'll change to Maj—
Few at most  be thy delights.
Vouth's a friend while wiuks thc eye,
Time  doth   rob  the high  and  low,
Kings must kiss their Spriug good-befe,
Princes meet the Winter snow.
Thine and mine be this safe hour.'
Thee anel me O let it bless
With a memory that shall flower
Iu to-morrow's wilderness!
THE WILDMAN
Bul still th,. wildman calls the tameless
boy
Primeval instincts of the cave and tree,
The summon-, of the years that used to
be
Ages before Achilles fought at Tror,
Call him abroad to his ancestral joy
With   spear  and   bell   aiol   arrow';   ami
he stands
Out  of the rocks
hands
For wolf tee 11    wigwam to clesfrnf.
Thus,  when   I   mark   in  our  museums a
lance,
A  leathered stick, or twisted curio,
1 think with pride in my omnipotence:
"I    made   those   things   ten   thousustl
years ago,
Where  thee sun  set  ecu  plains that   new
are France,
Upon my ways Irom Pyrouees to Po."
und peers with lifted
TO SONG
tears
for  loTely
g
candidates. Culliriee and Shawnee declared thai Ine location of the capital
lawfully could not bo changed prior to
1913, because ot' Ihe fad thai the Constitution of Oklahoma, by ordinance irrevocable, had accepted the enabling
act, und entered into a compact with
the Federal Government, Both cities
appealed Io the voters to oppose re-
niovnl. In ils campaign Oklahoma
City, through its public speakers, news-
piijei'i's. ami its Chamber of Commerce,
assured Ihe people that no change
wool.I take'place before 1913, but if at
Ihe elee lion Oklahoma I'ity should win,
the intervening yeurs would be used iu
the creel ion of the capital building,
ihat it might be ready for occupancy in
1913, This promise led many voters opposed to disregarding ihe compact with
tin' Federal Government, which Governor Haskell snid was not binding, to
vote feer removal nud ior Oklahoma
City. The election was held June II.
On Ihe night of lhal .lay the grent seal
of the estate was carried to Oklahoma
City in au automobile by Governor
Haskell's private secretary, and on
Monday, .lime 13, Governor Haskell
declared the seat of government to be
al Oklahoma City. His insistence was
that tin' initiated bill was so framed
that the capital was locale,I automatically the moment ii became known that
the removal proposals hail carried,
Guthrie has undertaken tee carry tho
controversy  tie  tho   United  states  Su-
pic    Court.
While this prosonl  battle seoms plo-|BOing ,„ i„, Q0ltber thev  ■ he could
"""-'    hl   ""•   l:'""'r   \ I   "'    ""'   say;   but,   he   thought,   ho   could   safely
prophesy   what,   il   would   iml    be.     It
Gust, where Slnle capitals ar.' nee.led
affairs wilh a stationary history of
half II century or so, yet it must lie admitted thnl Ihe rivalry Is subduod ami
gentlemanly ,'oiiipniv.i with Ihe olel-
tiinr county-sent lights .el' twenty years
.'iL'ee, when  gun plav  reinforced  personal
weeulil not, bo a rambling conversation
on the model of those recent plays of
Mr. Shaw and Mr. Barker which had
so brief a,career, lie referred to these
without apology, because lhey had been
put forward by nt least their own parents as the uow dramatic model, He*
submitted il was a model of what, to
CARPENTER   EECOMES   A   COUNT | avoid.    If the drama was to develop, it
AN adventure which hus often hap- would have to develop along dramatii
pened in novels, but seldom in j lines, shaping itself like every othei
tea] life, has tusl befallen a young
French carpenter cef one andtwenty. He
was a foundling, being brought up partly by public charity and partly by a
pOstman 's wife, to whose care the child
was entrusted. His foster-parents treated him as their own son, nnd when he
grew up they apprenticed tim to a carpenter. The boy was at his bench one
dny when a well-dressed man came and
asked lor him.
"I am your half-brother," said the
stranger. "I will take you to your real
mother. Be on such a day at sucli u
railway station," naming a small place
near where the boy worked, iu the south
of France1.
The boy kept the appointment, and
found his half-brother waiting with a
carriage. They drove to a chateau in
thc neighborhood, aud there the young
ut, in conformity with its peculiar
medium of expression. If. must obey
the law of economy in art; not run to
waste by aiming nt effect which could
just as easily bo produced without the
apparatus of a theatre and tho aid of
a company of actors. And a play musl
always, in the future as in the past,
be something organic and whole, or it
would not hold the spectator's attention.
ee     e»     #
In these few sentences Mr. Walkley
has summed up the rise and progress
and decline of the intellectual English
drama during the half-dozen eventful
years that have elapsed since Mr. Arnold Daly produced "Candida" in this
city and gave George Bernard Shaw to
what has been since that event a
breathless, admiring, and puzzled world.
Here shall  remain  all
things,
And   here   enhsrined   the   longing  ef
great hearts.
Caught   on   a   lyre   wlienco   waking
wonder starts,
To  mount  afar  upon  immortal  winge;
Here shall be treasured tender wonder
ings.
The   faintest   whisper   that   the   seul
imparts,
AU  silent   secrets  in  all   lonely  parts
Where Nature murmurs of her hidden
springs.
O Magic of a Song!—he,-,*  loveliness
May sleep unhindered of life's mortal
toll,
An,I   noble   things  stand   towerin
o'er the tide;
Here 'mid the years, untouched by timo
or stress,
.Shall  weep on every wind that stirs
the soul
The   music   of   a   voice   that   ncrer
died!
THE GOOD SISTER
My soul has ils own secret and my life
its quest,
An everlasting love that, in a moment
grew,—
A love that, final, yet is ever unconfesH-
od,
While   she*   who   cause,I    it,    nothing
guesses,  never knew.
How have I followed lnr unseen the sad
days through,
The  closest  of  her service,  aud  the
loneliest!—■
o  my  sad  days!—I shall  not dare,
when ull the rest
Of  them  are*  ended,  jo  have  told   hor,
"It is you.''
And  she, though  God  has given   her a
gentle heart,
Vet.   goes   her   way,   thiuking  of   other
thinj
.«,,  apart
And hears no voice of love beseeohin
near at, hand.
Never   uimiincliul   of   her   reverential
task,
Rending these  verses fa
she'll  ask.
Whom  wire I hev  writt, i
not. understand.
S,
of only  her,
to .'--aiol will
IlOitSZ,   DOG   AND   MAN
The horse and the .log had tamed a man
aud fastened him iu a leuce.
Said the horse to the dog: "For the life
of me, 1 don't see a bit of sense
In  letting him  have the  thumbs  that
grow at the sides of Ins hands, do
you/''
And the dog looked solemn aud shook
his head, and sai.l:    'I'm a goat if
1 do.''
The poor inau groaned aad tried to get
loose,   and   sadly   he   begged   thom:
Stay I
Vou will rob me of things for which I
havo   uso   by   cutting    uiy    thumbs
away I
Vou will spoil my looks, you will cause
me pain!   Ah, why would you treat
mo sol*
As I am, God made me, und lie knows
best!    O masters, pray let me gol"
The dog laughed out, aud the horso replied: "Oh, the cutting won't hurt
you; see?
Wo 11 have a hot irou to clap right on,
us you did iu your docking of mel
God gave you your thumbs and all, but
still, tho Creator, you know, may fail
To do tho artistic thing, us He did iu
furnishing me with a tail!"
So they bound the mau and cut off his
thumbs, and wore deaf to his pitiful
cries;
And they seared tho stumps and they
viewed their work through happy
and dazzled eyes.
"How trim ho appears," the horse exclaimed, "since his awkward thumbs
are gone!
For the life of mo 1 cannot seo why tho
Lord ever put them on!"
"Still it seems to me," the dog replied,
"that there's something else to do;
His ears look rather long for uie, aud
how do they look to youi1"
Tho  man  cried  out:     "Oh,  spare  my
ears!    God  fashioned them  as  you
Bee,
Aud if you apply your  kni-'o to them
you'll surely disfigure (ue!"
"Hut   you   didn't    disfigure    me,    you
know," the dog decisively said,
"When you bound me fast aud trimmed
my ears dowu close to the ton of my
head!"
So they lot him moan and they let him
grouu  while  they cropped his  oars
away,
And they praised his looks when they
let him up, and proud indeed wore
they!
But that was years and years ago, in an
uncnlighteend agcl
Such things are ended now, you know;
wo've reached a much higher stage!
The ears and thumbs God gave to man
aro his to keep and wear,
And the cruel horse and dog look on,
and never appear to care!
47 THE HOSMER TIMES
An Island of Silver
MLVI! attention was turned in the
'Sixties to a discovery of rich
silver veins on a tiny storm-
swept island in Lake Superior. The ore
was worked, and in the course of a year
cer so the island proved itself to be one
of the richest silver mines in the world.
Owing, however, to the smalluess of its
size a few years' working sufficed to
strip the island of its treasures, and
like others in Canada, and other parts of
the world, its name and fame aro now
alike almost forgotten. Only a few-
ramshackle, deserted buildings—rising
apparently out of the waters of the lake
—remain as evidence of the prosperous
industry once carried on there. Our article is compiled from a paper read at a
meeting of the American Institute of
Mining Engineers (held in Montreal iu
1879) by Mr. Thomas Macfarlane, then
of Actonvale, Quebec, and uow of l'ort
Arthur.
Silver Islet was discovered in 1868,
during an exploring and prospecting
trip, carried out along the coast of
Thunder Hay, a huge sweep of Lake
Superior, in which l'ort Arthur and Fort
William are now situated. Mr. Macfarlane had ordered his party to make a
geological map of a certain location, in
thr course of which the surveying of the
shore line took place. While planting
pickets on the many islands fronting the
shore, they noticed' a tiny island, which
was subsequently to become famous.
Some of the galena wus blasteel out,
and nuggets of metallic silver were
found close tn the water's edge, while
the vein, which was of extraordinary
richness, was observed to run out under the water. The island upon which
these, discoveries were made was situated about three purts of a mile from the
main land, and measured originally Oil
feet each way, rising about 8 feet at its
highest level, above the level of the
lake.
The metallic minerals of the veins
which occurred in the island were silver,
silver glauce, tetrahedrite, domevkite,
galena, blende, iron and copper pyrites,
cobalt bloom, and nickel green. The
two latter substances seem to be oxidation products of a peculiar mineral
which contained, besides small nuggets and grains of pure metallic silver,
thin plates and grains of a sectile mineral, having a reddish-brown cole", and
containing arsenic, cobalt, nickel, aud
silver, in the following quantities:
Silver .
Nickel
Cobalt
Arsenic,
etc. (difference
This   in in era
lanite."   By
as 03.54 per c
78.34
5,98
12,93
ion rid
" Macl'ar
Islet
al wns named
other experiments ns much
lent, of silver was obtained. The work of separating the various
minerals appears to have been very dilVi-
ciilt, anil many other experiments as tee
Hie besi   way  of dealing with  II re
wen* carried cent.
The continuation nf the siie
vein   across   Burnt   island   ami
main   land   was   fraceel,   but   the   greal I
width   of   the   vein   em   the   island   lead I
shrunk, and the other rich minerals were|
wanting.
The working of the proporty was lirst
begun by (he Montreal Mining Cone
finny. The excavation of the ore was
carried out with difficulty, an-l even
clanger. Thee summer eef Ist'eli was exceedingly slcermy, ami the island, from
ils position, was exposed to the utmost
severity of the wind and waves. The
sinking id' a shaft iu the centre of the
island, from which it was intended to
cross-cut to the vein, was begun, but
discontinued owing to tlio influx nf
water. Tllis work was. however, car
ried out al a Inter elate. In the* winter,
when ice formed nrouml I ho islet, the
excavation of ore was vory successful.
The iee kept the water perfectly still
and the mon worked upon it, as on u
platform. Blasting was carried out
under water, over about 30 feet of the
vein. The loose veinstone was then
picked out of tlie water by means of
long tongs, constructed on the spot,
long-handled shovels, anel similar means.
in this way during loss than three yours
2.8,073 lbs. nr ore, from which $23,115
worth of silver was extracted, was taken out.
It had become evident that, owing tee
the gales and high seas that, so frequently disturbed the operations, strong and
expensive works would be necessary for
protection. Mr. Macfarlane estimated
that an expenditure of $50,000 would be
neceBsary in this respect. This amount
the Montreal Mining Company were unable to find, and the island was snld. in
November, 1870, to New York and Detroit capitalists. The new owners began
at once to establish a permanent mine
at Silver Islet. Breakwaters were built
and part of the vein enclosed by a
coffer-dam. out of which the water was
pumped. Then a considerable amount of
mining was done, and seventy-seven tons
of ore were shipped before the close of
navigation. The time devoted to mining had only been four weeks, and the
sum spent upon the protective works
had been $80,000. The total value of
the ore shipped was $91,445, surely a remarkable return upon the expenditure
in so short a time.
During the months of the freeze-up
the experiences of the working party
were unenviable and unpleasant. Towards thc end of February several gales
occurred. The floating broken ice,
caught on the crests of huge waves, was
lashed with sucu force against the out
ly demolished.   The damage done on this
occasion amounted to $9,UUU.
In 1*370 a stamp mill was built at, a
cost of $90,000 for treating the veinstone of inferior quality, which hud previously been laid aside as too poor for
shipment. During the eighteen months,
from May, 1875, to November, 1876,
nearly 542 tons, yielding 220,873 ozs. of
silver (value $272,249, were obtained in
concentrates from 24,446 tons stamped.
Then came a lean period, during which
new levels, which had been opened up,
and much exploration work with diamond drills had failed to disclose any
rich ore. The consequences were great
financial embarrassment and a total cessation of work during the summer of
1S77. In August, however, work was
resumed, and by December 23,850 ounces
of silver had been shipped. Then in
1878 a bunch of rich ore was struck,
which iu a few months yielded 721,632
ozs. of silver, a quantity amply sufficient to rescue the mine from all its
difficulties, and to provide a reserve or
working capital of $300,000. By the end
of 1879 Silver Islet had produced silver
tee the value of $3,000,000.
Mr. Macfarlane's paper recorded a
curious phenomenon, the first instance
on record of the occurrence of inflammable gas in a silver mine, and evidence
of the fact that the rocks near Silver
Islet are of much more recent age than
was generally supposed.
While a party of miners were engaged in drilling a hole in the end of a drift
Ihe drill broke through into a small crevice eef "vug," Water at once commenced to flow nnd one of the miners
took a candle to look into the drillhole.
The gas Instantly took fire, sending a
flame out from tiie. end cef the tlrlfl I'or
meere than 10 feet, the flame extending
nlong the buck of the drift and burning
for a distance of 160 feet towards the
shaft. Tin1 men inserted a wooden plug
into the hole through which the vapor
and water were escaping, On the ful
lowing day no gas was discovered in the
drift, until a candle was brought close
to the plug in the end of the level, when
the gas again caught fire, giving a jet
of llame about one foot leeiig, which
burnt for years.
In concluding his paper Mr. Macfarlane made a remark which, in the light
of the subsequent discoveries at Cobalt,
Qowganda, an.l Sudbury, rends in the
light of a prophecy.    He said:
"I   have   thus  endeavored  to  record
the principal facts' which have come to
my knowledge regarding this extraordin- j
ary   silver   vein.     Its   story   ought   to
leach Canadians, among other things, to
have more confidence in the mineral re-1
sturces cef  their country.      That  over
three million have been extracted from
a bare rock, in Lake Superior, with nn j
area   not   exceeding   1,000   square   feet,
ought to increase eeur faith in the vast
unexplored regions which stretch away !
to the north and northwest of us."
who are sufficiently prosperous to be
possessed of motor cars?
"Nope, I haven't the speed bug. I
don't want to race or even to go fast
in my machine. I 'm perfectly satisfied
to obey the speed laws down to the final
letter and comma and semicolon. There
wouldn't be the slightest fun or satisfaction for me in chasing around scaring folks half to death and provoking
their haired and perhaps their violence.
•-That's why it sort of gets me bilious
when there's a great big yammering
howl directed at all autouiobilists, irrespective of previous condition, age or
servitude, when some one. bughouse
driver of a car gets into a messy accident owing to his mania for fast driving. When one locomotive engineer
disregards orders and gets his train into a ditch we don't howl that all locomotive engineers are madmen and
maniacs and things, do we' Well, then,
what's the answer?
"The automobile isn't any new tiling
any more, and that's why I'm becoming
some doubtful whether folks who don't
own them will ever make up their
minds that autouiobilists are human beings. The grand remedy would be to
provide everybody with an automobile.
That would fix it all right."
THE JAEE FAMILY
(By  Roy L.  McCardell)
Mr. Jarr Brings an Uninvited Guest to
a Refined Social Function
NOW that's awfully sweet of Mrs.
Stryver,'' saiel Mrs. Jarr. '' She's
getting up a little informal dance
in honor of Gladys, and Mr. Stryver
knows so many of those wealthy young
brokers clown in Bush Street, too!"
"Oh, gee!" said Mr, Jarr. "I do
declare, I'm glad that Gladys isn't present to hear you. The way you've
tried to diseournge that poor girl!"
"Discourage her? How?" asked Mr.
Jarr.
"Never you mind!" said Mrs. Jarr.
"She's nn innocent-minded child and
can't see through your remarks about
you having tee scout for eligible men for
lice', anil so on. A pretty way tee talk!
'•'specially when it is tee be considered
that you haven't broughl a soul to the
license since she 's been here except thai
mun Johnson, who ate everything in
sight and then sat around telling us he
was engaged, and bragging about the
sort  of  girl she was.     Hut   men   never
hav
\ any t.ie't!
1   thought   you 'el
going tee marry
' .R1
nice
and   Gladys
thing's! ''
"We arc in
tl'lll !  ' '   lClelic'el
Cl     .ll
girl.
Vou
are    interested    in    those
et  inter
Mrs. .In
steel   to  llmt
the aid of each other
attentions eef the ad-
the'inselves with
ami the divided
miring Gertrude.
At lu p.m. Mr. Jarr had made so
many trips around the block, witii stops
in Cus', that when he was caught on
the fortieth lap and le.l to the Styvers'
he was happy ut ull the weerlel and its
wife.
He leal the cotillion—a pink yeeiing
man was scheduled for this, but Mr.
.carr poshed him merrily aside—and al
"e iu the morning, he was still leading
everything that followed the cotilie.n.
This included the merriment aiol tin*
way to the bullet.
Mrs. Jarr had sent for him a dozen
times, had come for him herself. Hut
he wus the boy ecu the burning deck
and declared everybody else was a quit-
ter.
At dawn the indignant Mrs. Jarr ami
flu young lady from Fresno departed in
company with the pink young man.
Hut Mr. Jarr announced he wasn't a
quitter when he got started and that
he'd sleep where he fell.
And he did.
MISTAKE   OF   WORKMAN  MADE
BLOTTING PAPER
BLOTTING paper was discovered
purely by accident. Some ordin
arv paper was being innd-* one day
at a mill in Berkshire when a careless
workman forgot to put in the sizing
material. It muy be imagined what
angry scenes would take pluce in that
mill, as the whole of the paper made
was regarded as being quite useless.
The proprietor of the mill desired tee
writo a note shortly afterward, and he
took a piece of waste paper, thinking
it was good enough for the purpose. Tee
his intense annoyance the ink spread
all over the paper. All of a sudden there
flashed over his mind the thought that
this paper would do instead ol sand for
drying ink, and he at oace advertised
his waste paper as "blotting." There
was such a big demand that the mill
ceased to muke ordinary paper und wns
soon occupied in making blotting only,
the use of which spread to all countries.
The result now is that the descendants
of the discoverer own the largest mills
in the worbl for the manufacturer ut'
this special kind of paper. The reason
Ike teuper is .ef use in drying ink is thai
really it is. a mass of hairlike tubes,
which sue!* up liquid by capillary attraction. If a very fine* glass tube is
put into water the* liquid will rise iu it
owing to capillary attraction. 'I'lee url
nf manufacturing blotting paper has
been carried to such a degree that the
product has wonderful absorbent qualities.
int i   tie
to dr uos
thro
ease1   germs   that   might   get
stomachs e.i the puppies from t
ing about lie,  so much.
After the puppies get to ah.
..r four w-ei* - ..id they can then be giv
. n seem.' Fklm milk twice or three lim, .
a day, which will I e 1 j» th.- durn t > rear
thom luMily. 'I i.i- milk is i„.tt .-• than
milk witii a large amount of butter fi :
in it. It makes better le mc and muse le.
I'ut a bit of sugar in ii. This wiil
add .-ill the fa; t! at i.- needed I" supply
ihe   nourishment   eel   ihe   kind.     Wlieii
i i
puppies an
close e.f worm
..r in.t Hint li
loria.    It i- ll
Month eelel I (.ive the first
killer whether .1 is sure
*y hnve worms. Use ens-
best thing I ever tried.
It must b,. remembered that distemper
cef ten come from worms iu the puppies'
stomachs, (lean food eie.es not always
seem   to   s.elve   the   difficulty.     If   the
kept  ele
mper fro
in the
i then
id
the
ilk
s
1 I.Ml
the
puppies stomachs arc
will met contract disti
selves.
puppies will l.e eating mush
unci some Cooked meat e.r
puppy cakes made by some standard dun
food manufacturer. The idea is to
avoid overfeeding at any one time and
still get them right up to a keen edge
at. feeding time. Now nnd then a lew
rib bones for the teeth will lee good.
Dogs' teeth are made to be used. They
must have something hard to bite1 cm in
order to develop them right.
Exercise is essential.    Close yarding
will met let them grow well after thev I
have reached the age' where thev n llu
romping  anil   running  to   mak.-  strong! m
feet,  nud   legs.     Talc   them   fe.r  a   run j  I,
daily  if  possible  or  bave  a   very  large   Huttol
yard tee let them romp iu.    When thoy | ceived
are taken out  it  is a g I idou t" have
a small rifle along and get them Into the
notion of loving u gun. I have seen
puppies that would howl and bark wilh
delight  when  thev saw  the  gem   in  the
hangs cef the master.     It    ant a  run
and they knew  it.    It is ofti asy t.e
arrange with some eene  in  the untry
to rear puppies that are whelped nnd
started in town. I have paid from one
to two dollars per month for the keeping of puppies in Ihe country and con-
II  spent.     Hunting
about the country
to be prcc
i French ,iunk will bc small compared
with the value of the service that
Ihe Commission already has derived
freem the cast-off equipment. For the
first twee years (ef their work the loin
mission relied absolutely lipeen the ..1.1
locomotives left by the French. In 1908
there  were  106 eef these-  weather beaten
locomotives in service* compared with
only 15 American-made engines. Since
that time the percentage of the French
locomotives has steadily decreased.
"French dump-cars were usee! almost
exclusively by the Commission in the
lirst two years. At one time more than
2,000 cef them were hauling dirt from
Uncle Sam's shovels. The French relics furnished uIbo many shop tools, stationary engines, anei much repair material in the early days of flu* construction work.
"In fact, Americans may thank the
old French equipment for the fact that
the canal is today just half completed.
Without the aiel cef this rusty, storm
battered assortment of French niuchin
llv I here would have been long delays
in providing un adequate equipment
from the states. Ii is estimated ilea:
the French supplies and equipment thus
far utilized amount to fully $1,000,000."
MOUSE-POWER
tbe days when man discovered
uses to which he* might put his
domesticated animals, no more cm
form  -ef animal power  te
lillille'
vised
has
l,v
who
in
the
met
k  lor li tin.
been recorde
canny Scot,
the  last   ,-.
II   i.i    pottc
I tl.
operate
en   lhal
The eoleer alsee is good where this variety
can l.e- obtained.
In using celluloid on platens it i> a.l
visable tee use some.thing with it that
will give it hardness, such as finely pow*
de-re-.I silica, infusorial earth, emery, or
other similar substances. About em"
ounce of powdered emery t.. each eight
ounces of compound is a fair proportion.
I'owdered suapstone also works well
feer the purpose.
The celluloid solution should I..- made
as thick as ■■: very heavy syrup or mola-
bcs. In fact, as thick as may be spread
with a brush. The heavier'ii is when
used, the mi.,ner it will dry. If a light
colored celluloid is used, it  is advisable
I'1 acl.I snne hiring matter, which may
be lampblack or preferably gas cer car
Icon black. Just enough should be used
t.. give the desired grayish color. lie
move the platen from the machine.
The work mny I..- done with ihe platen
in the* machine, but great care* must be
tuken to protect the working parts from
He.- .i11-1 formed when smoothing up.    ll
■el " takes less li I., .lo thc work when
i he platen is reu;..\ e.l.
"A'usb ihe platen with gas..line to re
move al! grease an.l din. an.l rub it witli
a piece of tine emery paper, to give ii
a new. clean surface.1 With a brush,
paint the mixture curefullv over the
platen, ■_:i *. in^r it  a gn.nl thick  coat.
Lay the- platen aside for six hours or
longer ler the composition to harden.
Then wilh a piece of line emery cloth
smooth il down, taking care not'tee cut
niite I., ih iginal surface of Ihe plat
nu
ti
ace!
mers
had
llutieen   had   seen   certain   tovs
trinkets manufactured by the pris
in  n   French jail,      Ilis attention
been especially attracted by a little toy
In.use there, with a wheel in rhe- gable,
lhal  wa- caused to resolve rapidly by a
mouse  of  the  common   house  variety.
Ilutteell    bOUght    tllis    device'.    Oil.I    fur    U
long time ii  afforded  him  umti lent,
but later he began seriously to consider
now a "half-ounce power" (Ihe weight
..f ihe incense; might be applied Ice se.nie
practical end.    It finally cecciirreel I., him
in j ihat the manufacture of sewing-thread
j might   be aided  in  this wav.
are grown must be |     .\„w   je.    happen,nl   thai    during   the
pt   clean.     And   keeping   a   piece   of   course   eef  the   Scot's  experiments  aiol
sulphur in  the drinking pail cer vessel   investigations   lc  ascertained   thai   an
is a plan that many kennel men use to  ordinary  mouse  would  uven   a  nm
keep the .log's blood in good, clean con I „f ten 'and one half miles per duv-  bul
dition.   Bedding must be changed every I he got one incuse thnl nctuallv did tin*
Brushing them from day to  extraordinary    distal !'  'eighteen
ich each eene of the young-1 mile's   in   thai    time.     A    half pennv's
 '  '": ";lln." '".''i"-' ''"'le.l; worth of oatmeal p..nidge was found to
urtly   lee sufficient to feed it   hei   a  period of
This    is   th,
and  up..n Ihe ci
it depends lln- qunlitj
Acetone ami cum I a
laine.l al nil,*, .li ig -:•.
;cir.■- from I We Ii, ine
luloicl t„ dissolve,    Ure
small pie,-. - hn ,tens solutin
Lion should l.e prepared in a
sidereel it money we
dcegs cannot learn ai
tceo early if they are
their work.
Yards where they
lean.     And
few da
■In','   wi
Ste'.'S   L
aud  be
Uuvid | en.        I his    is    the    .falcate    par!    ,,|     |1„.
ere i,-e.l in doing
if the    ol),
■e't.'ct.'   call    I I,
.'.    It usually re
hours for lie . •■!
sine  n   up  int..
I.     The  - iill
w id., mnuth
I   bottle lhal   can  I,., securely   corked.
It   shi.nl.I   l.e   shaken   often   .luring   the
ie ss .- lln- « ii] pre..in ihe celluloid
from forming in lumps. The bottle
should be kept tightly corked anei away
from lire, f.er ii is highly inflammable.
sheeul,I ti,,. mixture become too thick,
thin it wilh a little in.,re of the Holvent;
if il is met thick enough, add more celluloid.
A   cheap  aie!    simple   cleaning   com
pound
the.   I'.,]
1    pint
drachm
e.Ughlv.
This
confine.
ler  typewriters
owing ingredients
 z.d,
erosen.
tomposed
Paraffin
■1
nine
cresol,    J
Mix  thor
111"
llll e |
miti-ol.
THE  PHILOSOPHY  OF  AN OWNER
Ml!. FATTU'OSK wus talking about!
automobiles   and   things.      "I'll
give   this   tee   myself,"  said   he,!
"that,  before  I  felt opulent enough to'
buy nn automobile myself I didn't hate
the fellows who already possessed 'em.!
That  may sound  incredible, but  it's nj
fact.       I   didn't   even   feel   jealous   of
thom,    1 envied them a bit, eef course, j
but   I   wus   glad  to  see   thom  (enjoying
themselves in their cms and I made, up
my mind that I. was going to huve one
of those  Ihings just ns  soon  us  1   was
able tee see' the money end of it.
-'Well, neew I've got one. I've had
il for about two mouths. And I observe
I thut a number of my friends are beginning to treat me haughtily, especially
when they catch mc redhundeil in the
act of rifling around in my car. I
Should add that all of those who bestow.
Ihe aslant, gaze upon me arc fellows.
who don't own automobiles: 1 have'
heard indirectly that some of these fob;
lows express the conviction that t have1
developed a case of the enlarged head,
They make this assortion in connection I
with the fact, that I own au automobile I
anil drive it nrouud.
"One of these friends, il has come to'
me,   has  announced   his   belief  that   [j
have become too large for my clothing.
A man with whom I used to be on quite1
cordial terms has, it seems, resented my 1
flaunting past his house at all hours i'n
a big monstrosity of a  buzz wagon—
t use his words ns they were reported I you snv
to me.    This man lives on a street that   vers  ng
is  usoel  by many pleasure vehicles  be-1 ny nice
cause  it is u  wide, well  paved street.! now    th
Of course, until  I  heard of his remark
1. never knew that I hurt hiin in going!
by his home  in  a  motor car.    Since   I'
heard it, I've invariably made a detour j
when in his neighborhood to avoid pass !
ing by his house, for really I don't want i
-,'s*'^
'V*-'"'
compound was for years a secret
I to    tw., of the larg in
panics thnt rebuild typewriters. The
l.e sufficient to feed it lnr a period of! machine is immersed in the compound
thirty-five days, during which time it which quickly and thoroughly dissolves
made three hundred and sixty-two miles, and removes all dirt, gum. grease, etc.
From  Ihat  ti   Unit.en  enlist.'d the Ut does not injure the enamel, but on the
constant   services of (we.  mice  to  pro-  contrary improves ils appearance, mak
pel  his  mill  for the  making of sewing  '"K it ns bright as when new.    In making
Unread.     This   mill   \ias   s istructed   up  any   .lesiri'el   quantity   of   this  com
that the mouse was able to twist, twine,  leound  retain  the  proportions  given
and  reel from eene hunelred to one hun-   the
lire,I and t went
• iml excepted, t1
j lllit his religion:
with t he project.
To perform this task th.' litt!.- rodent
was obliged   Ice c cer
half   miles  a   .lay.   wii
mouse could ele u ii h i
penny's worth of oatm
ing  five weeks, nne cef
threads a day, Sundays
■ Ihe Scot did 10.1 per
I'oiivictions io interfere
itS    te'll
made
fifty
Here
Hire
I lens;
ds   lie
linnrv wi
co, however, the
esc. On the hall'
-al porridge, lasl
lice   liille   felloWS
ml Hire..' hundred and
nty live inches long,
ne penny was paid tn
lutnl; made in i Ice or
eeiise at tl
ctei'ii  cent
formula, except that should a quick
I cr drying mixture be desired thc quantity ..I' paraffin uil muy l.e reduced and
'ilie   kerosene   increased.     In   nil   .m*-
the lightest grade nf puraffin oil should
lee used and nol  tli.' heavier lubricating
ceils.     If  white  paraffin  oil   is  used,  a
water while fluid  is produced;   if dnrk
paraffin   is  employed,  the  liquid  hn*  a
' light amber color,    e iii  of c-ritonclli or
i! nf sassafras may be substituted for
iee  cresol,  which  lot-  no action  what
dc
Mowing  for
board   am
ml t.. Hut;
1   for
■ar
re.lit  I'n
fifty ci
plan, was pi
nls.    .Inst as 11
instrnted  thfi  fi
end
■pari:
erpri
these
eg   I'
by
IlleeU*
l.v the iliac
tl
* inventor,
isibility of
nlnrge liie
setting up
■ mills, he
t   result
Hie .
with
allot
nn ll
and
relllc
bills
.ml
esitie
empee
llll',
grea
Ihe    Clot
mixture
The
I..ng ;
ties   t
used simply tn disguise the
..!' the compound. To use
nd. lill n tub eef sufficient size
lac ihe machine in ii and
remain in the fluid tor half
v lifting it up und clown gum
will be washed off. Then
n.l dry it with a soft cloth,
ee  parts  not   accessible with
All,ellt      twee     gllllollS     id'     tile
i' required in the average
compound may be usoel as
of il   is  left  as the dirt  set
III
HOW
T°,
LARGE   IS
the   question,
THE
iinw
The lirsl is Imsei,
of un infinite universe i
uml thc third upon the
itself is limited. In i
cording to the lirst id'
I'roin  the earth and pro
UNIVERSE?
large   is   th,
gi
j when
porat
-w'eis an
upon   11
.  tl
portion  may be
ary  to  keep   it
it   is   mil   in   use
i.n of ihe benzol.
may    be    made    be
quantity of paraflii
formula, an e
aii'l  frnm ou
the   till,  and   tin-
llawn  e.l)'.     11   I-
tightly     ceeve'reel
I.,  prevent  eva
A fan preparu
using   one third
ceil mentioned iu
pial qunnt ity of kern
c* and one' half to two
GOVERNMENT SS. VICTORIA PASSING THROUGH ST. ANDREWS  LOCKS,   OPENED   MAY
up
his
The ide
dd In
c of coming up here taking
girl's  time'  talking  ubout
iilfairs!    And I '11 never let
ether  word about tIn* Stry
At   least thev  have  been
All blotting paper is
The  original  blotting
pink color, due t.. Hie f
were   used—rugs   whic
mude mill
paper
rugs
of   ;
ci thai red rag:
Old    not    be
is thev
work us to tear away 240 feet of it. The
heaviest, timber wus insufficient to withstand the shock of the buttering of rag
god, knife sharp ice edges. The extremities of large logs were so chafed us to
resemble huge booms and bolts, \U, in.
to 2V; in. iu diameter, were twisted and
broken. Then the sens overflowed into
the coffer-dam, and the work of pumping had to be recommenced. In spite of
these set bucks, mining was rapidly resumed, and by May 1, 1871, an excavation had been mado on the rich part, of
the vein enclosed by the coffer-dam. During the vear to the close of navigation
over 400 tons of ore were shipped, valued at $042,931. The total production
of tlie island had bv this time reached
577 tons, valued at $703,400, but cef this
amount two tons had been lost on the
voyage eastward by the sinking of the
vessel which curried it.
Mining was continued with varying
success after the close of navigation in
1871. Thc vein was subject to sudden
changes, both as regards size and rich-
nesB. Thus at one time thc vein almost
disappeared, but a little perseverance
disclosed 250 tons of rich ore, worth $1,-
500 a ton. Between the years 1872-5 the
output was 996,432 ozs.!" valued at $1,-
195,718.
Again, in 18734, heavy storms did
much damage. One south-easter tore
away 350 feet in length of submerged
cribs, and caused n loss of 20,000 feet
of timber and l\t, tons of bolts, while
the main breakwater was severely damaged, 60 feet of one sido and 40 foet
of the other, together with a blacksmith's shop, which was situated between the ruined parts, being complete-
hurt anybody's feelings
• 1 hate to annoy any of my neighbors '
and friends, but because some of them
take my motor car so much to heart,
i-nil fancy I've developed a case of
elephantiasis because 1 own it, it's not
up to me to sell the machine or have il
converted into junk, is it?
"Vou see, 1 enjoy the'thing. I like
to ride nbout in it. It's one of my few
pleasures. .Vow, I. know lots of fellows who enjoy playing poker. I don't,
because I'm u wretched player of thc
game, and I can't stand the loss of
sleep, anyhow. But I don't object to
their playing poker. Not in the least.
1 listen to their stories of how they
caught a put full against the oHmr fei
low's pat flush, und how they didn'I
do one solitary, single thing to the
other fellow, with real Interest and enjoyment. I don't hate them for playing
poker, becuuse I know they like the
game, cud I 'm glad they're glad.
Several cif my friends drink- quite
un amount of liquor, because they enjoy
it, have fun with it, und presumably
know Iheir own business. I don't take
it, for granted that they don't know
their own business. I don't object to
their drinking. If they like it, uud enjoy it, why, I've got no kick coming.
Plenty   of   fellows   I   know   go   ill   fori
handball, golf, canoeing, and so on. I
They become enthusiasts over these
things and tnlk to me at great length
over their hobbies when [meet them,
and I always listen to them wilh Interest and gladness, whether I have any
genuine regard for tiie subject matter
of their fads or not. I doii 't learn to
dislike fellows who become baseball or
fishing or hunting bugs. These things
are their pleasures.
'' Why, then, should these chaps furtively dislike me, as I know a number
of them do, because I have a motor car
and go about in it?
"1 don't know. I give it up. 1'ou
can search me.
"In those ancient davs when the
streets were filled with flying bicycles,
nobody ever appeared to resent the
tinkle of the bicycle bell that foretold
the approach of the little machine. They
took that warning signal as a mattor
of course and stepped willingly out of
the way. Why, then, this big buck over
the footer of the automobile. Doesn't
the general attitude in this respect
prove that the nub of tho grouch is
their resentment held against the folks
dance.
"1 sup]
.dr. Jarr.
-' Vou suppose *
replied .Mrs. .larr.
Gladys  und   I   can
llld  be* tee (II
e   giving   tllis
I have to go
iclys, and
informal
grumbled
ou 'II   hnve  to  go! "
-' Ho  you   suppose
gee   alone?     Won't
ehoelv   have  to   fee  with   me  to  dis
tti'iilicni  when  I 'tn chapei'ieu-
■hape
.•lui re
.'    Ililll    Sill
at Mr. ,Iu
was to be
ventured
i  look of
liifted iin-
ll'lv.
llt
ippc
Irucl  o
ing her?
"I didn't think n
distracted irom hei
Mr. .l'ii'l'.
Mrs. .larr guv
withering pity tli
easily aiol said:
" Well, get iny ill-ess suit
,',i.il for goodness sake hung it oul on
the lire escape or somewhere to get the
smell  of  mothballs  out  of  it.     I   hale
In g it among thc Ion smelling like
a new lnr roof.'
"Vou hute lo go anywhere that's respectable-," said Mrs. Jarr,    "But if it
Well'   lee   go   lieiwlillg   all   lliglll    nl'   III   sil
iii ti  back  room  al   that  saloon  at  the
corner   playing   miction   pinochle
dawn unci coining home reeking of
cigar  smoke,   you'd   be  quick   en
aboul  itl "
Mr. -lair started tee suy In
he would.
Hul what  s the use lo stall nnylhing ,'
' ' N'eew.   ,|,,|, '|   e,|   tllieonillg lll'OUIIll   US   if
you hndn't n friend on earth, when we
get   to   the    clani'c!"   sui.i    Mrs.    Jan.
"Don't be coming over tn me when you
see Gladys is having a splendid lime
with five eer six nice young men around
her nnd suy: 'Ain't we novel' geeing
home,    I've got tee weerk tomorrow!' ''
"Can I eome over uml sny ii if
Glndys hns eeuly ouo nice' young man
sticking round?" asked Mr', .larr. "1
do huve to work tomorrow und work
herd."
"Especially met then!" suid Mrs.
Jarr. "And your day's work doesn't
seem to turn your attention homeward
when you are out with your worthless
cronies. We'll come home when Glndys
and I are ready."
Mr. Jnrr said no more, and when he
came home he found the house in a commotion, Gertrude, the maid, being on
attendance to Mrs. Jarr and Gladys, the
lair visitor from Fresno,
Mr. Jurr's dress suit was still in the
box couch soaking in aromatic radiations of niotlibolls.
Mr. Jarr got it out and donned it,
holding his nose. Then he run around
the block, stopping ever und anon in
fius' place, and scenting up the neighborhood witli the fragrance of tar and
camphor.
He began this at 7, just when Mrs.
Jarr  and  Gladys  commenced   attiring
rilinury paper, as Ihe
removed,    Here wus
g the apparently useful- a long time pink
It is u mutinies   prefer
people with
oiling paper
used for making o
(olor eonlil not In*
a method for usin
less muller, aiol sc
was the predominant color
fer  for surprise   wluil   ci
e'lices are shown bv vai'iol
regard tn He color of the bl
lhey  use.    Hiisiue-s men greatly prefer
that of a bull' color.   This is preferred
tee white from the fact that it is more
easily   distinguished    freem    the   letters
thai   an-   li lied,   while   at    the  sum"
time it is uot sufficiently striking to
seem out of place in an celiife.    ll is onlv
In   Knglnml   Ihat   buff-coll I   blotting
paper is the lav..rile. Countries which
| ee.sse-ss hot climates prefer green, ami
this preference cun be understood when
ll   is  remembered  Ihat  green   is such  a
restful color lo the eves,     'file | pie on
lice i .eminent liu'.e quite 11 dill'el'elll
taste wilh regard til Hie color of the pa
per:    lhey    ple-fl'!'    ei\j.|    enlnl's,   shlewillg
especial preference for deep pink.
Ladies in all lands prefer more diiintv
colieis, chiefly uininc. Tli is- colored blot
ting   paper,  by   Ihe   way.   was  also  nc
FRENCH JUNK FROM PANAMA
MHII'l Isthmian Caual Commission is
_L sending to Xew Vork about 100,-
WXI tons of old French junk, including locomotives, dump-ears, tanks,
barges, boilers, girders, dredges, sheet-
ir.eic. purls of machinery, and othor
things for which tho French company
paid millieens und which it left t.. go
lee ruin. About 700 tons, we are Held by
Ihi' Industrial .Magazine will lc moved
every two weeks by steamship, ami
three years will bc required to transport
it all. Meest of it will be scrapped
where if lies cm the Isthmus.
e than "0 tons
«   the   magazine
idea
i infinite space; I times as much gasoline.
idea  Ihat  space' 	
I her   words,   nc- |
•a   one starting THE   TRANSFORMATION   OF   SEA
 Iiii!.* steadily,       WATER INTO FRESH WATER
etruight  line he might  go on  for  rp,j„ ,„.,*,.,. ,  , ,,
alwnys  [hiding stars   though  he   1    s,,vil,„s „,- ,,„', ,-.,,, .,„, m£ eea.
might cross great spaces, quite void, be- ,„n,.s  ,,,.„   „   |„„.„„.,i,.:,!]v scald
I Iween the  systems.    According t.. the I ,,„,.,,„,„ „,„,., r,*      . intr, t]l|, ^ wou,(1
I second idea, such a traveller might con- ■ m its,.n nUh ,-,.,.„,, ,,.,,„,.    Al ,,„,     ,,.
I tinne in his course forever, but ho would 8ent dm  it  is difficult t.. sav on what
.|nt  lust puss the cuter limit ol  the Uia-U)
toi-inl universe, when lie woiilel meet  ncii,,
I ev
of
and
will  be
iiumeil
sky would   be
eef light, for :
would   send   us  ui
light   waves,   me
those'   stars   might
assumes thut there
till i Identi
l.n.l in this
ugh ; i,line  i
llv   prod I
cuse Home bin
el he
the
nil.I
lid   -
fil'Sl    pi:	
ed  rays bi
e   tllis   Cell,
I hich
'Clhel'C.
iilenl  t
we'll as white.    .
color makes no e
absorbent   qual
piirtlculur  taint
i  th.   '
I., l.e
atlc
i  pii|
\s a
lifforonee ul
ity    of   Ho
ilepeioline.
rags
Thi'
nt
i nine mixed le
wns piiiiloi't'il.
There' is an e
fairly pie
cot blot i
e.f fact I I
all to ll
paper, lh
purely ii|  the blendln
•^llite'   the    newest    lint    is   lei
is preferred by persons who d
anybody to see what has I  written,
If au orillnniv pi f blotting paper,
Buy while, has been used, it is quite
easy t,, rend what hus beeu blotted silo
ply bv holding the papoi' up to a mirror.
The blni'k paper absorbs the ink murks
without showing them, lu the cuse nf
the sovereign, any piece which has blot
ted His Majesty's signature is al once
destroyed. As a mutter of fact King
Edward always uses nu extra thick
white sheet of blotting paper, known
technically as "Fords 80-pound white."
though until recently very thin pink
paper wus that preferred feer official usee,
pieces   of
shipped.
above:
" .Most   nf  this celel   Inaleriul   is of   fnr
e'igii manufacture, and as it is landed iu
Xew Vork. Uncle Sam is confronted
with the proposition of being obliged ice
pay himself -|c 1 a shorl  Ion cen ll ntry.
Cnder a provision in the Sundry Civil
Acl of May,  I'.eu.s, this duty will be re
tur I l.y inclc Sum to the .-ii mil funds,
I.ui to iicenuipllsb this without u spocial
appropriation each year il will be necos
s.'cry In have the sul ii-iiinmufcd only
after Hn* junk hns pnssod through tho
New     VOl'll     I   lislolll     llecllS...        Hich    cnll
tractor will l.e inc.Ice ,-c bond nf $7.1,000,
.•end payments :...• 1 > In- made in 1 lc
e'nnn! Commission ufter each delivery.
"Th.' sale is being made at this time
chiefly fnr the purpose of getting oul
the ol'l umterinl thnl lies iu the gronl
' basin 1,1 (lutuil IjhIiii before the basin
is filled with water. There are large
quantities nf ihe junk in Ihe hike basin.
" Knelt "f Ihe locomotives lefl by the
French  yields   bnl ween   ss nice  and $600
worth of copper alone. The Commission cnnstu'lit'l
will save line eld steel rails on Ihe lath-j ,||(1 s'lirr.|(
nius tn In' used as reonl'ore'eincnt iu the
ee rote work ami ns telephone nnd tele-1
graph poles.
ii   be I id'
.  -i.l.l not   I
I 111 ore stars.     Ihe third   idea   is that,  if   men|     1,, ;
J the traveller in space went mi  forever,   fi,nnficr
101   mailer   in   Imw   straight   11   e-/e,'|r„e   he    j-,-
proceeded, he would forever l.. uilngI nitmtioi
buck   lo  his  point   nf starting. of ffftee
This third answer, ihat given by those   |]nrai.
nol admitting ihe possibility nf infinity,
. has nn cvideni ither for or against it,
and  is, therefore', purely speculative,
Scientists   have,   however,   found   ii
quite possible. I., argue  wilh  respect   tn
I the other twee answers.    Meest astronomers believe  iu a  limited  universe n
tending that, were things otherwise, tho
I   the
Hi
ing medium iu spnei
1 horit.v, however, is
moro logical to supp
would  I..-  absorbed,
that, ne ihe firsl place, tl
I.e.    see     In     speak.    "Ill
way.' '      Then,   ten,   we   Ul
me many dark celestial I
own moon, which would
.•end. lastly, the ether its.
radiation.'   This atithnril -
.'lill,-    In   the    lieHell    ef   ft
Ihe wale
stated tl
ile eliiniiuiiitic
Similar asse-r
rent among s
A scientific
free snlt fr
l.V   the    fie.
roporl w'iiii
Ihe     Acade
infinite   number  of  „
matter Imw distant
be. This argument
is me general nbsorb-
111,11.
unit.inn   blaze
Limber >tf stars
state
"Im
l)f
1 III
ipinii
that
iinient au-
1 thai  it  is
leech light
argument   is
e  still's   Would
    another's
■w  thnl there
..li.'-. like mil
cusl shadows,
f nine   absorb
I iii'lefnle,  ill
llililiele'   uni
Ihi'
user 1.1 a typevi
I.-ie .0 mil 'is III
imlenlat
amount   tec such
thnl   it    is   illlpo
Some ol  this olel  Ironch junk has,,.lean work.
A compound 1
HOW   TO   REPAIR   AND   CLEAN
TYPEWRITERS
Iter   klleeWS,
pari .,f tic
mil   first,     The
.■ tl p.' against
n soon makes
11 u shi.rl time
.,1 roughness
produce   g I.
et
ml  wears
ring nf tl
Hie   pint.
ns in it, which
, Bitch a degree
il.].'     In
THE  CARE   OF   PUPPIES
(By Amos Burhniis)
THK season feer n word about roaring
puppies is here. Spring puppies,
while it might almost be said
iniso themselves, need some attention
nevertheless. Their dam Bhould have
some time spent on her daily with the
brush nnd ceinb to keep her coat in
good shape. Dip thc bristles of the
brush in sulphur and rub this well into
the eont as it will help to kill any dis-
been found in extraordinary places.
Dredges hnve boon discovered almost
completely buried in snnd hundreds of
from any body of water and
with dense tropical vegeta-
ircnlly they had been carried
the river-bed by high water,
' itself hud shifted its course,
these buried dredges were
•ood state* cef preservation
rk on the Isthmus.
er
feel away
overgrown
lion. App
away fron
or tho rive
Several of
in a fairly
1 that
riginul :
ill r
oth .
l.v 1 11 dis
.• platen tn
llv
II-
Thi
lion
lice
matt
■r
how
m 1.
ng
ii hi
s
ji'cii
I'tlle
cl    '
I'   lis,
tic
Hows:
'I'ln
deal
ri'l
sir
ng
.1:
tens
, Veil
in
the,
ere
cess
fornuiln nnd ni
compound  nre  na  fo
mn ter ini   fur  uso  in
would In' hard rnbberj
. 1 uf vulcanizing, tin1 rnlihrr 1-..
and are now doing work on tho rsthmus.   H0lub1o tu a groat degree in th.- solvents
"Some of the junk  hns boon lifted generally used for rubber solutions,   As
from the bottom of tin* chagn-H Rivor  n  stibsti'tiit.'  for hard  rubber, celluloid
nnd from thp bottom of the old French   N   recommended.       The   hard   variety
canal  prism, whom hundreds of tbous-  should be used, which is sold under the
amis  of  dollars'   worth   of   equipment | nan f imitation ivory.   This is soluble
tone,   amyl   acetate,  nnd   various
Hank ufter the French abandoned th
work. Home of the relics in the canal
prism near the crossing of the Rio
(Irnmle Kivor were dislodged only after
heavy charges of dynamite hnd been exploded under them. Others have been
raised from watery graves nnd are now
helping to link the Atlantic with thc
Pacific.
"The   profit   from   the   sale   of   the
oth
•r solvents
mixture i
b
st solvents
of acetone
In tin
One of th
f eight ounces >
unce ut' aiuvl acetate
bsenco of anything el*st> in the
wny of celluloid, nnv ordinary article
made of this substance. :is a comb, may
be used. There is a variety ul' celluloid
used in the manufacture uf cumbs which
i-*   quite  satisfactory   fur  this   purpose,
I   grounded.      It   surely
been evoked by cxpen
liar s.'iisr  Y-irs^b,  the
lology, mad. iu the ye;ir
xperiment  which efl'eeted tho
>i -.'0 writer tliruoj/li a system
pots filled with washed garden
buiuI  nnd  so  placed un to let
fn/1 a« if in a cascade.    It  is
palate disclosed » defiu-
ni the presence of -.nit.
mis ore everywhere mr-
men.
test    uf   the   ''ii<l«-;ivur   lu
111 water was recently marie
■li investigator Thoulet. Mis
1 oppenrs in iho minutes ot'
lie   des   Heienees   of   Paris
that  llu- presence >>t  -alt  can  bo
I  l.v  nitration,    Korh   centimet
tin- length of ;i glass tube, which
wns one motel long and wan placed in a
perpendicular  position,  «:■-  filled  with
sen-sand, nnd the resl  ut  the tube was
filled   with   sen water;   portions   ni   the
filtrate  wen* examined  at   intervals of
tli.* experimenl  iu ascertain  it- density
and   chemical   roiunostion.     Tin-   result
was  that   ie   the  initial  wtugc  of the ex-
■ penmen!  deiisitx  iin well a- snline content   were  fmum  t"  '"■  moderately   re
duecd; Vl'n   snf"1 then aftei  but h rceo\ -
,*i.',I   their   original   mine,     The  early
e|-. reose ut   \ alue  i-  explained  by  tho
' mechanical     attraction      which    every
chemically neutral bod* ■ xereises un tho
molechles of a  nub-Ma nee in solution ns
-11..n :is th.- bod_\ cotnen in contact with
thr Kolutinn,    In nnt  too, sand falls
tu pfTerl tin- Repartition ut' salt. Through
shipwrecked  senmen   it   beenme  known
tlmi   relatively   fresh    wnt.-r   mny   bo
found   on   \t-rv   low   nnd   barren   cum'
reefs  in  the   Pacific  Icenn  by  dinitio;
t,.   n   trifling   depth   i"   tho   «*urai   snnd,
h i- nut. however, us wns supposed, sea-
water freed  Prom s-iit  through the layers   uf  --and,   Init   is  simply   rain   water
that is retained by a sandy stratum and
by it protected from admixture with the
sea water.    Similar phenomena  may be
observed un tin- Ruropenn coasts,   They
t may lie considered the koy to ihe popu-
liar  belief,   now  contradicted,  that   sea
•■ water ran   be  sweetened   by   filtration
. through -nu.I.
\ .-in i..iis riii* 11 in-Ian ri1 marked the
election nf parish councillors- at Bock-
ing, Ks-.e\. In order to eount more accurately thr number of votes for each
candidate, the chairman of the parish
meeting asked the voters to stand up.
mot in this way the numbers were counted. Before the meeting concluded, however, someone discovered thnt the election was nnt in legal ur-ier, as the Act
provides that tlie mude of voting on
siii-h neensions shall bo by show of
hands, Consequently tho candidates
were ngniu nominated aud elected in the
prescribed wav. tlie results of the voting being exactly tlie same. THE   TIMES,   HOSMER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
The Hosmer Times
SUBSCRIPTION I'.A'i'KS
Line Year One Dollar in Advance
Single Copies Five Cents Kach
Published every Thursday morningat Hosmer,
lirili-:, e olumbia.
THURSDAY. SEPTEMBER   I. 1'JIO
Time Tables.
11. P. R. TIME TABLE
Arrive Hosmer
No. 3ia Weal    9.45
No. 311 East  18. li'l
No. 312 I al Easl  9.4!
Nc.  311    I .'.1   West    20.23
No. 7 West Flyer 11.31
No. s Easl Flyer    1.00
Change took effect Sunday Aug. 21
ii. N, TIMETABLE
Nee. 251 leaves Michel       I):15a. in
Arrives al  Hosmer...    10:00 a.m.
No. 2o2 leaves Kexl'ceicl. .       4;15 p. m.
Arrives al Hosmer ..     7;13 p.
TALK OF THE TOWN
The Times 'phone No. is 16.
.luliii Jioia lias erected a bam
mar t he bridge.
A. McDonald, of Vancouver,
was in town Thursday.
Dan McNeish, of Fernie,
drove in on Monday.
('. I*'. Bassett, of Fernie. was
a Hosmer visitor Tuesday.
A. Mathieson made a business
trip to Coleman yesterday.
James Cody, of Fernie, was a
sightseer in Hosmer Sunday.
J. L. Cox, of Toronto, did business iii town on Wednesday.
B. C. Hay, of Nelson, transacted business here on Monday.
Norman B. Henderson was a
visitor at Blairmore on Monday.
Constable McCuish took two
prisoners to Nelson on Tuesday
morning.
(.'has. Schwartz, an old timer
of the Pass, returned to Hosmer
last Saturday.
('. W. Smith, of the Feruie-
Fort .Steele fame, was in Hosmer ou Monday.
MissTanys McLeod, of Portage In Prairie, is the guest of
Miss Clue/. Marlatt.
Mrs. J. 1-'. Jarvis uml her son,
Jack, are visiting at Lethbridge
with Mr-. M L. Jarvis.
Johnny llussio uml Roderick
McGregor look in Ibe sights at
Fernie Tuesday evening.
Quite a contingent ol'llosmer-
ites took in the Laurier meeting
tit Fernie Tuesday evening.
W. S. Stanley, formerly of
the District Ledger, Fernio, was
in town for a few hours last
Sunday.
Don't forget the dance at the
opera house Monday evening.
Ramsay's orchestra, of Fornie,
will furnish the music.
Miss Li/y.ie Corrigan, who has
for nearly three years resided
in llosmer. left for her home
in Coal Creek on Monday.
Miss Clue/. Marlatt, who has
been visiting friends in Portage
la Prairie for several weeks, returned to Hosmer on Monday.
John Patterson has left his
position at the Royal hotel, and
has accepted a position in the
general store of A. Mathieson.
If you want a stove or a range
look up the advertisement of
Bennett Kins., which appears
in this issue of the Times.    53tf
Lasl Saturday the Coal Creek
football team went to Michel
and defeated t li.il team. I'or tho
Mut/. trophy, by llu- score of
one goal In nil.
A wedding between a Japanese and ii Canadian girl was
celebrated in Fernie i his week.
Tin- couple came from   Manito
on,      I' I'l'lllc  I- ree  I
Dc.ll'l    t'e Uge,'    till
pictUrO     sllOW     III
Ibeie-I.  Saturday i
.x.iiii to 11 p. in. '
A. I,. Fortier am
rel ui neil lasl u ee
Week-        lli-il        to
While in thai city
the fuir, ;i
Mr. ,'inel
TOSS.
•  liee moving
tbe   Queens
•venin-'  from
Sir Wilfrid Laurier's train
stopped here to coal Tuesday-
night when some of our citizens
had the pleasure of seeing the
"Grand old Man" of Canada.
Alfred Cummings and party,
of Fernie, made a survey on
Monday of the railroad crossing
east of Hedley's milk ranch to
lay before the railway commission.
Mr. and Mrs. James Holden
left llosmer on Saturday for
Princeton, 13. C, where Mr.
Holden will take a responsible
position with a new mining
company.
John Wylie returned last
week from a few days trip to
Hoover camp, situated near
Corbin. Mr. Wylie reports
considerable progress in the
new camp.
B. McLeod was arrested by
Constable McCuish on Monday
night on a charge of stealing a
watch and twenty-five dollars,
lie came up before Magistrate
Alexander on Tuesday and was
sentenced to thirty days imprisonment.
School opened on Monday
morning with a full attendance
of children, despite tho fact
that so many families have recently left town. The staff for
this year comprises A. A. Davis,
principal, and Miss C. Pitblado,
L. L. A., assistant,
George A. Wilson, superintendent of Presbyterian missions was in town on Thursday.
Mr. Wilson has just returned
from an extended tour of Northern British Columbia, having
ridden from Hazleton to Fort
George and on to Ashcroft.
Superintendent Wilson of the
children's home in Vancouver,
reports that the children of
Mike Hudock, of Hosmer, are
well and hearty, and quite comfortable in thoir present surroundings. Last week, Mr.
Wilson took six children belonging to Mr. and Mrs. Chin-
ord. of Fernie.
Archbishop McNeil, of Vancouver, and Father Welch, provincial 0. M. I., drove in from Fernio on Tuesday to make an inspection of the site for the new
Roman Catholic church. Work
has already been started on this
huiIding, and contractor McLean
of Fernie, is rushing work to a
speedy completion.
The Toronto Globe of August
23rd contains the following:
"The engagement is announced of Mattie Edna, third
daughter of the late Dr. J. G.
Mennie, of Toronto, and Mrs.
Mennie, now of Fergus, Ont., to
Mr. Beattie B. Mills, of Hosmer,
B. C. The marriage will take
place quietly in Calgary, early
in .September."
Of tho many improvements
Fred Witters has made, from
time to time, on his home at
camp 3, perhaps the prettsest
and most artistic, is the recent
construction of a play room for
the children which is filled up
in ti way that leaves nothing to
be desired by childish fancy.
F, Wildman is responsible for
tlie workmanship thereon.
The Associated Boards of
trade of East Kootenay, have
secured allotments of space for
an exhibit of agricultural pro-
luce at the fifth annual session
of the Dry Farming Congress
to be held in Spokane, October
:i to (i. They have also applied
lo the Interstate fair for space
in the mineral department of
their exhibition which is being
held at t he same time.
Stipendary Magistrate Alexander and A. Sampson, Chief of
Provincial Police, were in Hosmer Tuesday in connection
with the trial of Mike Ma/.ur,
Id. I'uri-ell i who gashed a fellow country-
icenia   two men's head with an  axe about
Vancouver,
they  visited
so English Bay.
Mrs.   Wm.   Edmund,
ol' Calgary, Alta., are visiting at
ibe homo of Mr. and Mis. J. T.
Musgrove. Mrs. Edmond i- a
sister of Mrs. Musgrove.
a week ago. Among a great
deal of conflicting evidence, it
came out that a certain amount
of provocation wa.s given for
the rash aet which might have
ended a fellow creature's life.
A sentence of six months in the
Nelson jail was given. The
(I,,-, irlain's, 'olic  ( holera I prisoner was defended by   C. H.
ami Diurrhocfi Remedy is today | Dunbar.
the best known medicine in uso
for the relief und cure of bowel
complaints.     It   cures griping,
Don't witste your money buying plasters when you can get a
Football.
In the Mutz cup tie game on
Saturday, Coleman is the visiting team. The local mon are
most hopeful and it will not be
their fault if they do score the
winning goal. A little more
generosity on the part of the
spectators who show their interest in Hosmer football, would
also be acceptable, as it takes
money to run a team to supply
the pleasure to the followers of
the game.
Carpenters Building Stage.
Carpenters began work this
week on the huge stage on
which will appear daily at the
Spokane Interstate Fair, Oct.
3 to 9, eight to ten of the world's
highest class vaudeville acts,
sixty feet long by forty feet
wide, tho stage easily ' will be
the largest theatrical stage in
the Northwest, just twice as
largo as the Fair vaudeville
stages in other years. Among
the costly acts already engaged
for this year are Hilda Caroli
and her famous troupe of Italian dancing girls, putting on
the Grand Italian Tarantella
Ballet and the patriotic National Ballet. Tho Steiner troupe
of famous foreign acrobats and
a whole herd of trained goats.
Fernie in Carnival Array.
Fernie was captured by the
D. O. K. K.'s last Tuesday who
arrived by every train during
the day, the largest contingent
coming from Spokane in the
evening. The streets had been
gayly decorated with bunting,
flags and electric signs, and
presented a very pleasing appearance. At eight o'clock a
procession was formed at Bruce's
hall and headed by a brass band
they marched through the principal streets garbed in fantastic
costumes and carrying torches
aud colored lights. After returning to the hall, the initiation of over 50 new members
took place, and then the meeting adjourned to the Hotel Fernie where a banquet was tendered to the visiting brethern.
diarrhoea,
should lie I
nut ural Ion
dysentery,      and
iki'ii ul  t he  firsl   lin-
-eness ol' the bowels.
It i- equally valuable for child
leu and adults. It alwayscurei
Sold by ull druggists.
bottle of Chamberlain's Liniment for twenty-five cents. A
piece of flannel dampened with
this liniment is superior to any
plaster for lame hack, pains in
the side and chest, and much
cheaper,     Sold by all druggists.
Not a minute should be lost
when a child shows symptoms
of croup. Chamberlain's Cough
Remedy given as soon as the
child becomes hoarse, or even
after the croupy cough appears,
will prevent the attack. Sold
by all druggists.
For a comfortable shave or a
neat, artistic hair-trim visit the
shop of Sam Snell. 51tf
She Got Fooled.
A lady of jealous disposition,
says an exchange, suspected
that her husband was in the
habit of kissing the hired girl,
and resolved to catch him in
the act. After watching for a
few days she heard him come
home one evening and pass
quietly into the kitchen. The
hired girl was out that evening
and the kitchen was dark.
Burning with jealousy the wife
took a few matches in her hand
and hastily placing a shawl on
her head as the hired girl often
did, entered the kitchen by the
back door and immediately she
was seized and kissed and embraced in an ardent manner.
With a heart almost bursting
tho wife prepared to administer
a terrible rebuke to tho faithless
spouse. Tearing herself from
his fond embrace, she struck a
match and stood face to face
with—tho hired man. Her husband says his wife never treated him so well sinco the first
month thoy were married.
Vour complexion as well as
your temper is rendered miserable by a disordered liver. By
taking Chamberlain's Stomach
and Liver Tablets you can improve both. Sold by all drug-
gi«t*- __	
Coming Events.
Hosiner Grand Labor Day celebration, .Monday, September oth.
Kevelstoke Full Pali*, September (ith
und 7th.
Cranbrook Fall Fair, September 21
to 23.
Neison Fair, September 28 to 30.
New Denver Fruit Fair, October lth
Spokane Interstate Fair, October 8
l.o II.
"Liquor License Act 1910"
(Section 10)
Notice is hereby given that on the
21th day nf Sept. next, application
will lie made to the Superintendent of
Provincial police for the grant of a
license for the sale of liquor hy wholesale in and upon the promises known
as'I'lie Hosmer Ding and Hook Store,
Lot HI, Block .") situated at Hosmer,
II. ('.. upon the lauds described as Let
Hi. Block *">.
Dated this 25th day of August A. D.
lulu. William Rodson.
Lowery's Upper Stope
Charles J. Loewen has returned to Vancouver from a
long visit to Europe. While
abroad he secured a large
amount of capital for investment iu British Columbia.
Kaslo is making history. The
bars in that town close at 11 p.
m. on Saturdays, and all Sunday
can be seen a stream of strangers making for the lake.
Sir Richard Musgrave is coming from England to hunt big
game in British Columbia. Several years ago he caught a 72
pound salmon. This is thc largest salmon ever caught in this
province with a hook and line.
"Can be depended upon" is an
expression we all liko to hear,
and when it is used in connection with Chamberlain's Colic,
Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy
it means that it never fails to
cure diarrhoea, dysentery or
bowel complaints, lt is pleasant to take and equally valuable
for child ran and adults. Sold
by all druggists.
CHURCH DIRECTORY
Catholio Ohurch—Mass every fortnight at Leithauser's basement, 10:80
o'clock, a. m. Rosary and Benediction at 7:80 p. m. J. Salles, 0. M. I..
Ph. D.
Presbyterian Ohuroh—D i v i n e
service in Odd Fellows Hall on Sunday evening, at 7-lil) o'clock. Sunday
school at 2:30 p. in. Choir practice
every Friday at 8 o'clock p. m. tl. K.
Nicoll, Missionary.
English Church Services—Held
fortnightly at thc Hosmer Opera
House. Second Sunday. Evensong at
7:30 p. in. Fourth Sunday, Holy Communion at 11 a. in., Evensong at 7:80
p. m. Fifth Sunday, Evensong at 7:80
p. m. Briant N. Crowther, M. A.,
Curate in Charge.
Methodist Church—Rev. Al. F.
Eby, B. A. Sunday School 2:S0;
Prayer meeting Thursday 7:15: Divine
service, 7:30. The pastor's residence
adjoins the church, and he will always welcome any one who calls upon him for advice or help in any direction. He will he glad to bc notified of any case of sickness. Strangers will be always welcome.
G. W. HARTFELDER
General Blacksmith
and   Horseshoer
All kinds   of  Carriage   and Wagon
Repairing done on short notice
Main Street
Hosmer, B. C.
* New - Grocery - Store J
Having opened a grocery
store in tho John   Fi
building and will carry
*
*
in-ce J
*
i
Staple and Fancy Groceries $
Smoked and Salt Meats *
Confectionary,   Tobaccos *
A trial order solicited.      J
I Frank Farano
t Front Street Hosmer, B. G.
* *
**************************
47 TYPEWRITERS
purchased by the Garbutt Business College
for its schools at Calgary
and Lethbridge indicate
its unsurpassed equipment, its growth in three
short years and its infectious success. Better
attend and catch the
success infection. It will
mean a good salary when
you graduate. Write the
principal, P. G. Garbutt,
and tell hiin you will
enter at once.
Go to old, reliable Pete I'm- a
good shave, hair-cut or bath.
Pete's Barber Shop. lit!
C. H. DUNBAR
Barrister
Solicitor
and Notary Public
HOSMER
B. C.
0. I''. Lawe Ai.ex I. Fisher, ll. A.
LAWE & FISHER
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.
FERNIE B. C.
JOSEPH RYBNICEK
CARPENTER and BUILDER
Good work at  low  prices und satisfaction guaranteed
GROCERIES!
Our stock   is replete with  the  cleanest
and freshest staple   and  fancy groceries
HOSMER,
B. C.
PEOPLES CLOTHING STORE
I'm. ADEIeBERG I. ZI8KLMAN, Mon.
Clothing, Gent's Furnishings, Boots
and Shoes, Jewelry and Watches
Dress Swell Vein Might Cl- well
HOSMER, M. «'.
GOODWILLIE'S BOTTLED FRUITS
WAGSTAFFES JAMS AND JELLIES
CROSSE & BLACKWELLS PICKLES
GRIFFIN'S HAMS, BACON AND LARD
SEAL OF ALBERTA, "The Faultless Flour"
A. MATHIESON
THE STORE OF SATISFACTION
Mai n Street HOSMER, B. C.
THE    HOSMER    DAIRY; k
G. M. HEDLEY, Prop. I —
Fresh Milk and Cream deliv- 'i*****************************************************!
red to nil parts of the town.
HOSMER, B.C.
*
*
*
D. BRUTTO
■ *
BOOT AND SHOE MAKER *
Repairing  Neatly Done While  Ynu
Wait.   Satisfaction Guaranteed.
Main Street
P. BURNS C& CO., Limited
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
Meat Merchants
Bath Rooms
Up-to-date.    You
arc all welcome at
Pete's Barber Shop
Front St., Hosmer
b c '*   ''r<'s'1 ''""1 Cured Meats, Fresh Fish, Game and Poultry.
\X   We supply only the best.   Your trade solicited.   Markets   9
X  iii "11 the principal Towns and Cities in British Columbia.   ,|
•:*
*   MAIN STREET HOSMER, B. C.
X***************************************************4t
HeWMMia
Hosmer - Fruit - Store
James Milo, Prop.
Fruits,  Candies,  Cigars, Tobaccos,
Etc., Ice Cream and Soft Drinks
OALL AND SKE US
Next   door   to  Tony   Lombardi's
ulil stand.
-EOR—
Millinery
Fancy Goods
Children's Wear
Dry Goods
MRS. McMEEKIN
Dressmaking in Connection
Main Street
Hosmer. 15. C.
P. CAROSELLA
DEALER  IN
Cigars
Tobaccos
Groceries
Gent's Furnishings
General Merchandise
Smoked and Cured Meats
Opera House Block
HOSMER      -      -      B. C.
The Hosmer Mines, Ltd.
HOSMER, B. C.
MINERS AND SHIPPERS
Hosmer Steam Coal
and Coke
GENERAL OFFICE, MIXES AND COKE OVENS
LOCATED AT HOSMER, B. C.
Lewis Stockett,
General Manager
D. G. Wilson,
Superintendent
SSSSSSSSSSh
STEAMSHIP TICKETS
On Sale to any Part ot the World
If you wish to arrange for "
your friends coming out to
this country, call and the
matter can be arranged
without, trouble for those
travelling.
Full information given ♦
upon application as to all f
steamship lines. ▼
W. T. WATSON        ♦
Agonl 0. P. If. lleismcv Y
►♦♦♦
YOUNG MEN!
Here's where you run save money buying your
Clothing1, Boots, Shoes, Trunks, Valises
sole agent for THE HOUSE OF HOBBERLIH, Limited
Cull unci see out' stock nl' samples
AIELLO C& BOSSIO        ~~
Next Door to Postoffice HOSMER, II. ('.
Z Elk Valley Development Co.
LIMITED
owners of HosMER TOWNSITE
A number of
very desirable
Lots for Sale
CREE & MOFFATT
Townsite Agents Fernie, B. C.
JOHN WYLIE
DEALER IN
Staple and Fancy Groceries*
 : ssss *
LABOR DAY IN FERNIE
—LARGE LIST OF GOOD EVENTS—
OVER ONE THOUSAND DOLLARS IN CASH PRIZES
HORSE RACING, FOOT RACING, JUMPING, TENNIS TOURNAMENT, FOOTBALL, BASEBALL, TUG OF WAR, SQUAW
TEPEE HACKS, SQUAW HORSE RACES, ETC., ETC.
WATCH FOR LARGE POSTERS
ENTRIES .MIST BE MADE WITH SECRETARY—
G. H. BOULTON, President   W. S. STANLEY, Secretary
V
New Goods   Fresh Stock
A Trial Order Solicited
Gabara Block
Hosmer, B. C.
♦♦♦♦♦*>»•»♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦<►♦♦•*>♦*•♦•♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
RUBBER
STAMPS
MADE TO ORDER ON SHORT
NOTICE AT THE
TIMES OFFICE

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