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The Hosmer Times Sep 8, 1910

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The Times
The Times
Volume III.
Number   I
$1.00        $1.50
50c       60c      75c      90c
$1.00     $1.10      $1.25
Lamp and Lantern Chimneys,   Burners
and Wicks.
Hardware Furniture
Unpropitious Weather Interrupts
Gaieties—Successful Ball
Lowery's U( >er Stope
■ rtHHt**HHHtt****-^*lHt******^^
| Carbo-Magnetic   Razor
Sold on three month's trial. Your money refunded
• | if not satisfied in every way. ALWAYS READY FOR
INSTANT USE because the "Carbo-Magnetic" is
electrically tempered and hollow ground in its own
peculiar way. With ordinary careful use it will hold
its edge for years with NO HONING-NO GRINDING.
Price $2.50.    Three months trial.
Marlatt's Advance Showing of
Fall Sweaters
Ladie's, Men's, Boy's and Girl's.      Make your selection >•
• t early.   Satisfaction guaranteed    This is,  without doubt,
• t the finest assortment ever shown in  Hosnier, and the
prices are right.
Ladie's and Children's flannelette night geiwn.-t at tub.  $1,0.),  $1.25
'. t and $1.60.    Inspection invited.
■ Opera House Block The Quality Store +
■»♦♦♦♦♦-» ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦-»♦♦♦♦♦ 1
Staple and Fancy Groceries
New Goods  Fresh Stock
A Trial Order Solicited
Gabara Block
-»■»■»■*»♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ <
Hosmer, B. C.
Fine Wines, Liquors and Cigars
Any kind of mixed drinks that you call for will be
starved in First class style
Best   Rooms   and   Meals   in   the   Town
Front St.
Hosmer, B. C.
The only Commercial Hotel
Sample Rooms
Main St., Hosmer
Queen's Hotel   f
Transient rates $1 per day, special rates by the week *
Opposite C. P. Ii. depot, Hosnier, B; 0.
Big Free Moving Picture Show
New feature Hlmseach week under the operation of Joe Kuklo        J
Thc elements did not favor
the holiday makers, and no
doubt had a damping effect on
the spirits of the promoters of
our local display but "faint
heart never won fair lady" and
the various committees set to
work with a will to do the best
under the circumstances.
Decorators were busy in the
early morning and there were
some really good attempts at
the artificial beautifying, for
the time being, of different edifices in the town. The (Jole-
muu band, shortly after nine
o'clock, woke the citizens to the
festive events of the day, and
marching through the town
rendered some lively airs, calling the people to follow towards the recreation grounds
where the scene of the day's
trials of muscular powers was
witnessed by a large number of
visitors and citizens.
Unfortunately the weather
broke dowu, but during the few
glimpses of sunshine keen sport
was evinced by the spectators
and competitors alike.
Though the outdoor enjoyment was hardly up to expectations through nnforseen conditions, the evening's program
beat all records. The ball was
an unqualified success, and
those who tripped the light
fantastic toe were, one and all,
satisfied at the pleasant ending
to Hosmer's Labor day carnival.
Morning Sports
Best delivery turnout; Hosmer Livery & Transfer Co.
Best driving turnout; Robert
Best heavy draying team; A.
J. Pratt.
The most comical costume
(male or female); J. McKay.
Log sawing; F. Bwnlett.
Football competition; Coleman. .
Baby show; 1. Mrs. Wm.
Puokey; 2. Mrs. Geo. Longpre;
special prize, Mrs. Frank Farano.
Baseball competition; Hosmer.
Afternoon Sports
Horse races, half mile dash,
14-2 hands and over; 1. Robert
Gourlay.   2. J. Ignatius.
Field events, 100 yard dash;
1. A. E. Dobbie. 2. A. E. Williams.
Married women's race; 1. Mrs.
Hamilton.   2. Mrs. Eccleston.
Boy's race, under 10 years; 1.
J. Musgrove.   2. W. Spencer
Single women's race, over 16
years; 1. E. Gate.   2. M. Gate.
220 yard dash; 2. A. E. Williams.   3. J. Fletcher.
Boys race, under 15 years
1. A. Kennedy. 2. M. McDougall.
GO yards sack race; 2. D. Eccleston.   3. J. Fletcher.
Half mile race; 1. A. E. Dob
bie.   G. Roadknight.
Girls race, under 10 years; 1
M. Henderson,
Girls race, under 15 yean
L. Richie.   2. S. Spencer.
Old men's race, over 50 years;
1. M. Quinn.   2. .lock Miller.
Mile race;   1. G.   Roadknight.
2. A. Easton.   :i. A.'E. Dobbie.
Running broad jump: 1. A. I'l.
Williams.   2. A. McDougall.
Running hop, step and   jump:
1. A.'E. Williams.    2. A. E. McDougall.
High jump; 1.   I).   McLennan.
2. A. McDougall.
Putting the  shot;  A.  1
Throwing tbe hammer;
Tug of war; 1. Bellevue. 2.
Horse races, half mile, standing start, 11-2 ha mis and under;
1. A. E, Lapslie.    2. T. Stockett,
Quarter mileslow race,change
riders; A. McAuley.
100 yard dash for members of
i lire brigade: J. Fletcher.
Mile walking contest confined
I to members of Miner's Union;
j 1. A. Anderson.   2..I. Robertson
3. W. Thompson.
Best decorated house(resideu-
Itial); P. J. Leithauser.
Best decorated store, busiuess
block or hotel: I'.'iilic- hotel.
i. Q. Thomp-
A. E.
Kerenieos will s ittfitl{\fe shipping peaches and tomatoes to
Phoenix and Grand IJprks.
In the Chilliwack valley the
hay crop is heavy and will average three tons to the acre.
In order to reach Hudson
Bay, Earl Grey will travel 600
miles of the distance in a canoe.
W. M. Frith, collector of customs at Keremeos, has been
provided with an assistant.
Fred Simpson, formerly of
the Cranbrook Herald, is running a cigar store in Kumloops.
A. Thompson and W. Plumer-
felt, of Armstrong, have bought
the B. C. Hotel at Penticton.
A Consei vativc association
has been formed at Fort George
with .1. A. Shearer as piesident.
Along the Crow, .between
Andy Good's tavern aud Kootenay Landing, there are 25,000
Tho G. T. P. railway will build
a hotel in Victoria. The bare
site will cost them $281,000.
On the Crow, the C. P. R. engineers now run from Cranbrook to Lethbridge, a distance
of 280 miles.
Forest fires in British Columbia, this summer, have destroyed $5,000,000 worth of property
and six lives.
Big game hunters from.-Europe are arriving in British Columbia. They might find some
bear and poker at Sandon.
J. Fred Richie, and others,
are interested in a mining prospect that is being developed
within the city limits of Stewart.
A baseball tournament will
commence in Oroville next Sunday. It will last three days and
the prizes amount to $300.
At the Iditarod placer diggings in Alaska carpenters are
paid $1.50 an hour. Meals are
$1 and wood $35 a cord.
It takes four millio'a gallons
of water to supply Victoria daily. The figures in reference to
whiskey are not made public.
The only thing that escaped
the fire in Whitewater, was a
little chicken that Jim English
captured and brought to Kuslo.
At Rupe, an Indian was sent
throe months to jail for having
liquor in his possession. He
must have had it in his pocket.
John Ward is running a hotel
at Kitsumkalum. This is not
the Ward from Winnemucca,
who opened the first hotel in
The new C. P. R. steamer
Kaleden, with captain Gore at
the wheel, made its first trip
from Penticton to Okanagan
Falls last week.
The Trail News says that in
the Boundary district is to be
found the Kettle valley, probably the richest and most beautiful valley in southern British
During the the fire scare at
Sandon, Jake Kelsen stored his
goods in the Argo tunnel and
fled to New Denver. Fire is
about the only thing that
would drive Jake out of Sandon
The Argo tunnel at Sandon has
no connection with the Argo
tunnel of Greenwood.
There is 01 feet of ore in the
No. 5 tunnel of the Lucky Jim
in the Slocan. Dr. Kilbourne
and Tom Roadly missed a million when they sold this property for a small sum a few
years ago. The career of the
Lucky Jim proves what can be
done be persistent development.
The wagon road between
Kaslo and Three Forks is being
repaired. It will soon be as
lively as it was in tho days
when Bob Woods and Jock
Wren drove the fast stages
over that route, and dodged
the ore teams from the Moun-
i tain Chief and Washington
The regular monthly meeting
of the llosmer Hoard   of  Trade
I will be held   at   the   old   school
; house on Monday evening, September 12th at eS o'clock.
II. L. Brown, Secretary.
Do you enjoy  a   pool  game?
: Drop in on .Sam Snell. 51
Constable Held Up Several Men
at Michel With Fire Arms
Constable A. Morris, who
took active part in the pursuit
and capture of Haller. the- demented slayer of young Palmer
at Kragg two weeks ago, was
taken to Fernie last Friday
from New Michel by Chief Constable Sampson, who had been
called to that place to take
charge of Morris, who had suddenly exhibited signs of insanity.
Constable Morris bad been
holding up parties at the Great
Northern hotel at New Michel
and ordering them searched, at
first using a revolver, then gel-
ting a rifle, lie was regarded
as dangerous and Chief Samp-,
son was sent for with the result that he was brought to
Fernie and lodged in a cell in I
the city jail.
Constable Morris swore tliutj
he had fired the shot that killed
Martin Haller and this seemed
to weigh heavily upon his mind,
resulting in his losing his mental balance. It is not at all
certain that it was the shot
Morris says he fired at Haller
that hit him, but it is evident
that Morris thinks it was, and
has been brooding over the fact
ever since the death of Mallei
It is thought that a fi
rest and freedom from
restore him to his rational con
dition again, and in the mean
time he will be kept under sur
veil luu ce.
Watchmaker and Jeweller*
Prompt Attention Given to    *
all Kinds of Watch Repairing }
.lust received a nice* line* nt' >f
Call and see them *
Main Street
Hosmer, B. C.
******* *****itf **************************************
Twenty-five cases of Peaches to arrive  Saturday   morning.
Procure your supply this week and avoid any disappointments.
Italian Prunes, Grab Apples, Plums, Pears,
California Grapes, Tomatoes, Green Coin, Cucumbers, Oraages, Apples, Bananas, in fact
sou can buy anything that is usually
kept by a lirst class Fruiter and  Confectioner.
Ice Cream
City - cTVleat - cTVlarket
Choice line of Steaks, Chops, Roasts, Sausage, Butter,
Bacon, Eggs, Lard, Etc., Fresh and Salt Fish.
Gabara Bloelj
Neai-O. 1'. H. ilcpe
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ **********************
t^Klj Real Estate Bargains!
The winning of the cup tie
and two league points were at
stake on Saturday. Coleman
arrived in the morning and
were eager for the fray, whilst
Hosnier w-as iu a semi-dormant
condition. The players of the
local team were tardy in putting in au appearance and as
usual the game was late in
starting. Tlie time occupied in
a cup-tie or league game is ninety minutes, and why curtail
this especially when the visitors
.-ire early on the scene. It was
agreed to play an hour but even
that time was not adhered to.
When Hosiner came on the
field it was noticed that their
captain, G. McQueen, was an
absentee; he was on the ground
but did not strip and rumor
snys he will not again don the
jersey in this quarter. Has!
Coleman an eye after him V A I
scratch lot faced Coleman, and!
they were beaten and thorough- j
ly deserved the thrashing.
Whether it was spasms of
faint-heartedness or the power
of Jupiter Pluvius that was the
cause of their ignoble defeat
rests with the players to answer. To be beaten by six goals]
shows a screw loose somewhere
and the sooner a remedy is
found the better. The referee
of the game was the Coleman
secretary, and a neutral man
would have dealt with the play n
in a firmer manner,   The match, I
of which the less said I lie bet ter.
was unfinished, an unseemly
squabble over a penally kick
abruptly bringing it to a termination, Full time was mil
played, the time agreed upon
by both teams was not oven
linished, the game came to a
standstill and tho referee was
not a neutral man. Q. II. I >.
can Coleman claim the tie aud
the league points? Let those
responsible give their opinion.
Fernie Relief Again.
A new situation in the  tangled skeins of  events connected,
with  the demands  for refund
has arisen with regard toTliom-
as Biggs, whose roquest   to  resign and refusal to accede were!
printed recent ly.   Judge   I'.   15.
Wilson has now been requested
to consider the  advisability   of
the issuance of  an   order  compelling him to  resign   from  all
participation -District Ledger,
Don't forget the Burl Imson
stock company at the opera
For some snaps in real estate call and
see me. Some good houses and rooms
for rent. Agent for life ;md accident
insurance in thoroughly reliable companies.
st Office Block
********************** ********************* *
************************ ****************************
! Are You Going to Build? \
t $12,000,000
Royal, G. C. M. G.
11 nlieiulcl be some satisfaction to vein .Mr. Consumer, to know Unit
when you nrclur lumber of us you will not nnly gol stuck of quality,
well manufactured, thoroughly dried and properly graded bul you'll
also jj;i*t il promptly and at prices which speak for themselves.
Our facilities for the manufacturing of lumber In all grades and
dimensions arc unsurpassed,
The Elk Lumber Company, Ltd.
C. II. Bomford, Agent llosmer. 15. C.
Capital All Paid Up $14,400,000 R
IU. Hon. I
nl Strathcona   and   Mount
Hon. President.
If. 15. Angus, Esq., President.
.Sir  Edward  (Houston, Hart., vice  President  and General
Branches in British Columbia
Hosmer, Kolowtm. Morrill,
11, l*|-i  Kill', rl. Kee--.lii.n--
Armstrong, Chllllw
Nelson, Now UoilVI
SlltClllle-l'lliml.  V.llll'
eef   (I    ll
y.   Tin
ik, Clovordnto, Kndoroy, Oroonwoa
01-, Nic'icln.  New   U'e-Ullili-te'l',   I'llllie'
'lellYCT, Ve rilcell, Vie'liH'iei.
Savings Hank- Department
1 upward rc'ccive'ci. IntoroKt allowotl nt cuiTonl rotos nnd paid
tonosltor i- -nii.ie.i ice 110 dolay wbatoror ln Uio withdrawal of tho
if Uioduposlt.
C. B. WINTER, Manager
Hosmer Branch
a j..;..;. *.;
Hosmer Livery & Transfer Co. I
Livery, Cartage and Feed Stable X
Rigs at all Hours at Reasonable Prices •*
Dealers in Coal +
. .% A m\ A .'
j. •> »;• $ 4 •>:« -*:•> •> •}• *> ■£•» <« <« *\* .♦« 4
Elk Valley Beer
Beverage of Quality
Manufactured from Canadian Malt. Bohemian
lleep- .-mil tlie famous Crystal Spring Water
Elk Valley Brewing Co., Limited
H. R. H.
of Connaught
Character Study of the
King's  Undo, who, it is
next Governor General
hoped, may succeed Earl Greg as
of Canada
bonhomie, warm sympathy, and kindly I tho well—and his reputation would have
i Ceding    was    universally    appreciated, j been marie.   These flies walked all over
Through  a   Inns   lite,  and  along  paths j the food in every company kitchen and
Strewn not always with "the petals of   tin* proud  record of the  regiment was
! the rose," the  Duke eef Connaught, in-   quickly shattered.
I deed, has steered n course.that rcdounda)     The   mosquito,   as   well   as   the*   fly,
only to bis infinite credit, and has shown  should invariably he looked upon as a
| himself  always,  as  it  has once before   red   flag  of  danger.     It   is   not   worth
aid,  *'a  courteous  gentleman,  ;
eeelelier, anel a true friend."
lei the Duchess of Connaught sur
e Duke i '
-Wot  'as the gen'ral done?" at
"Wot, 'as Ihe ged'ral donef"
'd.   ',■'-, i,  Prim-      i  u-e   Koyal  Blood,
An'  they  chucked   'im   'is  rank  for
But that  wus a lie,  feci
'E's   nincpence  a   Boldi
pence ;c   prince.
'E's stood Iin
cen,* and all  welceeli
RoVul    Highness
Forty    years   agee
twenty, l*nr alreac
1 A I.I. your
ed an enthusiastic
Queen Victoria, nn
entury   since',   drove   through   Dublin
treets, "and nil enl,I  Irclund will  die
ue with cepen arms his
as   Governor General.
.    then    a    youth    nf
ly  lh,'  keenest   of  >eel
i diers,   lice-   link,    went   to   Canada   and
found  out   served   tin..ugh   the   b'euian   Raid;   anil
I cine   nf   th**   in..st   interesting   reminiscences recalls his visit to the- Indian Re-
serve, some distance west  n{ Montreal,
when in- was made "blood brother and
Cllief"     Id'    till'     llelipiceis,    IIUlSl     pOWe'lflll
eef the erne,' nil powerful lent teeew wholly
degraded native tribes known as the Six
Nations Indians of Canada.
Tlie scene of tin* Prince's iuitiution is
I delightfully described lev Lady Dufferin,
itrick," shout-  iu   her   "Reminiscences."       A   grand
old woman as  "pow-wow"  was held  in  honor of tlie
ic tlinn Intll  a I soldier-son  ut thu Great   While Queen,
chief, ;i splendiel man, chrried ;c pole
tandard, thai was fringed with ip-eat
do, and that I ought to make place fori
younger nnd more fortunate men.—Vour
very atl'ectionate, grateful nephew.
' \\ rit in Barracks,''
Trom a Photograph Taken at Malta, When His Royal Highness was High Commissioner and Commander-in-Chief in the Mediterranean.    The Duke Resigned This Office Last Year
for you!
first   of
" >e'ot long afterwards, on the
May, 1850, the Queen's third
son and seventh child, the Duke of Connaught, was born. He was christened
Arthur William Patrick Albert—"Arthur," after the Duke of Wellington, on
whose eighty first birthday he was born,
and who was his godfather; •' William,"
after the i'riuee of Prussia, who, as the
Queen wrote to her "dearest uncle"
(Leopold of Belgium), "has traveled
night and day from St. Petersburg to
be in time for the christening of our
little Arthur;" "Patrick," in remembrance of the Irish visit, and "Albert,"
after Iho  Prince Consort.
Virtue has no history. Little Prince
Arthur, father of the man, was from all
accounts, a perfectly model child, gentle,
kindly, courteous always, just ns lie is
today. But even his Royal mother, on
■the alluring subject of her offspring, as
a rule, almost garrulous, has ot' this
" uo-much-wished-f or son" very little
indeed to say. In tlie three thick volumes of letters written by her between
1837 and 1801, onlv three times in all is
thc future Duke of Connaught referred
"On thi- day," writes Ijer Majesty,
to the inevitable Uncle Leopold, "the
fifth birthday of our darling little* Arthur—tlie anniversary of tin* opening of
the Great Exhibition—ihe once great
clay at Paris, viz., the poor King's
name-day- and also tin' birthday of the
dear olel  Duke  I   write." el,'.
And ;i year later, to her "dearost
uncle" once ei ire, the' Queen, ft-ho gloried   ill  il n 11 i \ c :-.e lie-,  will |'s:
"Last Tl ursday was our darling Arthur's birthday, which he' enjoyed
Whit     third and lasl occasion,
feri'ing t.e the death eel' Hie Duel  ■ I
Kent, her Mu jest *   i Dc-ccnsta    nl course,
iinconsi'i'.n    .      i    |ei  line    viz,,   ut
tendance  al   Royal   funerals   thut   has
.nine I     j    ■ Im  ..-   i      umnllgNl      t he
duties the i Iiii " bus I :ci!"'l upon tie
perform s<e often bi	
"We went '    *ci  tic body, anil i	
little Arthur ■■ t, tee.
It, is probable Ihul Prince Arthur was
in the carriage driving with the Queen
.ml tin' Prince ■- Royal on that historic
if not, porl ■■'-. properly  authentic  nc
i iis'lnn    win::    - : e    I'l'ee tons    little   girl. I
wine afterward reigned nn imperious!
- ■ ii < J saddened Empress in Gerinnny,
"chock Of I' august     mother    the
Queon.   'I'll-   Princess, so tee story goes,
Was   Iieel    ee: OpolCSSlV    |ee.| .,i    but    ills'.
very   indignant   that   her   mother,   in
stead   eet'   keeping   her   amused,   talked
contii islj   '•    lier  lady in waiting en
subjects which tin' I'riucnss considered
frankly dull ~ . "There's a ent under
•the trees! " she called mil suddenly and,
i|imtc obviously, altogether mendaciously, iiut her aim was accomplished; attention w;i- cal ed to leer naughty self;
and, entirely satisfied, tiie Princess,
leaning bacl in ihe carriage, rcmnrkod
quietly: "Come oul te look nl the
Queen, 1 Buppose!" Ami smiled superc
leathers from top to bittom. His coarse,
black hair was long; round his head he
wore a li 1 lot studded with eagle's feathers, and his red cloth tunic was em
broidered with beads, and had ermine
tails hanging from all the seams. Round
liis neck was fastened a necklace of
bear's claws; and, though he wore European trousers, there were moccasins
on his feet, and a large blue blanket
hung around his legs in tight but not
ungracexul folds. His braves, their
faces weirdly painted, long, waving
feathers sticking out of their hair, stood
behind him; anil behind them again the
squaws and little brown babies pressed
for a glimpse of the youthful Prince,
who declared himself highly delighted
with the piettirc'sipieuess of the proceedings, Since then the Duke has several
times returned to the Dominion, each
visit enhancing not only his own, but
his family's popularity; whilo liis seen.
Prince Arthur—the only adult Prince of
tlie Blood in England—won on his own
account golden opinions in Canada when
he toured the country four yeurs :ig<e.
In 1S70 the Duke nf Connaught
married Louise, only daughter of that
brilliant soldier Prince Frederick
Charles eef Prussia, who during the cam-
|>:eign ol' IS70-7I was known as the Red
Prince. Less than three vein's later the
Duke joined the Egyptian Expeditionary Puree, end was present at the battle
of Mobutu, while, after the engagement
id    Tel el Kehir.   Sir   Unmet   Wolsoley
telegraphed  !.* the Qui tt   Balmoral
thnl the Duke "had behaved admir
ably, I'n.line his brigade to lice attack."    Pel  In- prowess in the Easl  his
le'etyitl    llieliue*-   ee.-eived   Se'Voml   Ol'lli'l'S,
niiel the thanks nf both Houses ..t' Pur
I ia mi*ii t. i'lee un- liter inncle Command-
Or  ill   I   III''!'     e|      tie'     il'.M.j.S     | „      Qo 111 1)11 .*l .
ul ■ re  In-  dose study   ol   Indian  Army
■eli i-i li.' ion   i - -   -t'e e   I, .rne  fruit   iu
ll   I hail "'"■  -!,. , el    in   ' I..-  House  ni
I...iii-. \\ I .-•    he -|".' e ..- :m  .   pert.
'I'lie  Duke i,eM   ..en-  tn Portsmouth.
 I  ilu'ii  !■■  Aldersliot,  in  the s I
year of  whicl inmand occurred thnl
great   military   unreal   m   the  country
which culminated iu the enfor I retire
nii'iii  of  his uncle, tin'  Duke of C ■
lerielge. from iiis position ;e- Comiuundor*
in Chici'. ||i, nephew > letter of a -.. ri a I a > 1 -
ciii'i' throws :e rather interesting sidelight ..ii the affair:
• 'Go\ ei-niiiieii Honsi . Furnborough.
■ • Hi',cr I'lu'le George, Near!) n '.■..■,■!;
Im- noi\ passed siucc the announcement
ei' your resignation of the uigl ap] -■ 11<i
incut oi' c eininiiiielcr iii ' thief, and I foe!
thnt i1 i*. impossible for ine te keep
-ile ee" any longer, although I have fell
nil along thai 1 could in.: express my regret i" yen in nn ordinary mai r before others. It is now twenty-oighl
yours and n hall sine* 1 first served under y.eur orders as a cadel at Woolwich,
nii'l   :c   liilh-   over   twenty-sovon   years
as nn officer,  !)uriii_' th  many yeurs.
onstanl   change   .'end   hard
The   supreme   command   was   not.   as
tlie Duke surmised, apportioned to him,
nor, indeed, to anyone else.in the same
degree as enjoyed by the old  Duke ef
Cambridge.    His  Royal  Highness  was,
however, appointed a year or so later
to tlie command of the forces in Ireland,
which post, though held for only a very
short time, made him immensely popular
in   Dublin, where his sterling abilities,
tine simplicity of character, and great I ".'  '
charm of manner endeared him to every-. ,""<:
one  with  whom   lie came into  contact.!
Just   before   the   Duke   of   Co:
been s
Vive  tl
State, as a widow, the same income
the Duchess of Albany—viz., $30,000 a
year, tier Royal Highness—who, by the
way. is always most beautifully dressed
in the very latest cry of fashion—is
also exceptional in that her closest and
most intimate friends, and also those of
her 'laughter, are Americans, Mrs. .lack
Leslie, Mrs. Astor (of Cliveden). Miss
Helen Post, daughter of Lady Harry-
more, aud Miss Clare Frewen being four
ladies from the  Republic who are con-
alights  to  see
a a horizontal
■ - ti car to n
but to roi
'.I   a I ii
went  to  Ireland.  Princo  Alfred  of
burg,  only  son   of the   Duke   of Saxe-
Cobiirg (iotha.   died   suddenly.      It   is
fresh   in   most   of  eeur  minds   how   the
Duke resigned all his right and title to
the ducal throne (as did his son, Prince
Arthur), and declared publicly at a Ben
g.ii  Cavalry  dinner his  determination I testinaf di set
.•.]>t the succe-sion to ( oburg, | ,„;.„.,; ey-
am in England tu his present ' ,aj ,,.   *
n Keen, •/., ulceus, ami capable soldier, „fu
the Duke, as everyone knows, whon Ihei I,,;,
war in South Africa broke out, was incest j |]lin
anxious to get a commission. The refusal of the Government of the day to
accede to his repeated requests was considered in Army circles as perhaps Inevitable, but as nevertheless "but scant
justice to an able soldier," though tin*
Duke himself, with his characteristic
good sense*, when the keen edge nf his
disappointment had weern off, acknowledged that Royalty, nfter all, might
perhaps, even with tin* best intentions
in the world, be something of a nuisance
ecu the battlefield.
In 1004, after the reorganisation of
the War Oflice, lie was given the now
post of Inspector-General of the Forces
and President of the Selection Board,
but his tenure was not satisfactory to
him, and his recommendations tn the
Council elid not always receive the
consideration to which they were entitled; and though questions were asked in
Parliament when his Royal Highness retired from the Board, no steps have
since heen taken to reinstate him. After
less than four years the Duke became
Commcnder-in-Chief in the Mediterranean, but this position, too, was given up
of liis own accord some two years later,
on the plea that his duties were not
in liiH Royal Highness's opinion, sufficiently onerous or necessary to justify
him iu retaining the appointment, lu
other words, the Duke1 does not care to
be merely a figurehead,
Since then the Duke has been withoul I
a post, a state of affairs from every I
point of view regrettable, but especially
from an Empire standpoint, for Kngland
after all, is not so over-rich in thoroughly
upright, capable men that she can afford to dispense unnecessarily with the I
services of even one. Tlie Duke of Con-
naught, in addition to tho prestige attaching to him as only brother of the
late King Edward, is a man of quite
exceptional ability and undeniable Imperial value. He is a good speaker, has
a strong sense of duty and singular honesty of purpose, and with it all he coin-
bines that gentleness and charm which
would be invaluable in a Viceroy
(whose duties, after all, are very largely social), and which were such salient
characteristics of that most able of men
his father, the Prince Consort. It is said
that no Royalty more readily pardons
a breach of etiquette than the Duke of
Connaught, for though he learned from
his uncle the Duke of Cambridge uot a
few if the habits of the martinet, his
unfailing good humor, kind heart, and
sense of fun have mercifully preserved
from him the most aggressive attributes
of what has been called the "martinet-
tian malady,"
The whole Connaught family are without exception confirmed globe-trotters;
and   as   they   are   also   first-rate   shots,
their latest  trip,  from  which  they  arc
not   yet   returned,   has   taken   them   to
Central Africa in pursuit of big game,
the   Count   cef   Turin,   whose   name   is
sometimes mentioned as a possible husband for Princess Patricia, forming one
of the merry party.    When at P.agshot. I
the   Duke,   like  the  late   King at  San,j
elringhani. leads the life of an   English j
country  gentleman,  raising  stock,  and
faking the warmest interest in liis beau-1
riful gardens, muny of the beds in which
he   litis   himself   laid   out.     His   Royal
Highness is particularly proud of one of
the conservatories,     li   cost   $15,000  to'
build, and  represents a gorgeous tropical seem*, with ar eene end a stalactite
cavern, along the floor of  which  flows
a little stream, beneath which are electric lamps, s.e   that  nt   night   numerous
little [tools iu the dark recesses apt;
tie shine with liquid (ire.    It is in one
while   to   wait   until   h
whether his body rests
position or at an angle-
he will receive from the  to determine whether he be an anopheles
(malaria-bearing) mosquito, or one e>f a
number   of   other   varieties.     The   fact
tnat he is a mosquito shoulel be a signal
for his speedy destruction and fnr the
closing  of the  inlet   by  which  he   has
entered the house.   It is true that malaria is decreasing both in its prevalence
and in its virulence, but there are yet
many thousands of deaths from it in tlie
I'nited   States   every  year.     Moreover,
for every case of serious illness from
malaria, there are dozens of cases where
stantly to be met in the Connaught en-1 Ihe elisease unfits for work without pro-
teeurage, which also  includes Lady 8a-1 during the symptoms of a fever. The im-
vile,  Lady Wemyss, Lady Berby,  Lady   portaui thing to remember is that sei-
Alingt.cn,  Lady  Beauchamp, aud  Lady I entitle medicine knows only one way in
Dickson   Poynder,  the  young  Marquis I which the malaria parasite can get into
of Hastings being the friend and some-   the human blood current—through  the
Arthur. 'bite of the mosquito.
The ease with which malaria may be
acquired iu a region where the mosquitoes are so scarce as to produce no discomfort is shown by the following instance:
An American aud his mosquito bar
landed on the west coast of Africa, a
region which has been known for a
century as "The White Man's Grave."
lie knew that "African Fever" is simply a pernicious form of malaria; and
he  had   been   taught  that  without  the
Ile de-
housemate "f Princ
'•"■l."-**,1" I QUARANTINING      THE       HOME
DURING   the   next   six  months—the
period   of   flies   and   mosquitoes—
the   average   American   home   will
be daily endangered  by malaria or  in-
ses,  or  by  both.     Yet,  in
case, this peril may be rein  the  vanishing  point I mosqiuto"malaria"!s"impos"»iW
a small expenditure tor wore-netting,   .„,.,„  *.„       -.„„*. |limU|f against urns-
s a reasonable amount oi aetermin- qulto.bltM  ,,„t ,„. .,]„„ , ,„ ,uko
oi on   the part   ol   the keeper ot   the! Hv0 BmlnB „,■ <(lliIlim. ,lilUv .,H H11 ,,xlra
.     . precaution.   To his surprise, mosquitoes
strongly impressed | WBro not one of the white man's burdens
Ii  cannot  be tr
upon tlie American housewife that ever
j fly that enters her home may be heavily
laden with the germs of typhoid fever or
some  otber  intestinal  disease.    Micros-
 pieally examined tlie fly ranks as one
| of the most loathsome eef all creatures,
j vultures not excepted, It feeds on tilth
by preference, and its feet are so formed that the germs through which it
walks are carried away to lie distribut
ed wherever the fly may chance to land
—in the milk-pitcher, perhapB, Its possibilities in the spread of'disease are
shown by the fact that 100,000 bacteria
were found adhering to me fly that was
examined in W.v York City.'
Ten many people are content witb the
pari ial exclusion of flies from the house.
Small openings are overlooked because
a few stray Hies do not cause a great
discomfort. The extraordinarily rapid
rate at which flies multiply is overlooked. Let us Buppose that ono fly lays her
e'ggs in an unoccupied house "that, contains sufficient fly-food, and that no destructive force interferes with the successive generations. It has been estimated that the number of flies in that
house at. the end of five weeks would be
nbout ten million! And yet the housewife who pays nn attention to half a
dozen flies scattered through her house
wonders  from   day  to  day  "where  all
terB closed I had grabbed a heavy walking stick and stood on the lawn outside.
Un every side of me the violent closing of doors and shutters resembled a
rapid-fire volley from machine-guns. The
Paraplang was deserted, aud not a thing
stirred iu auy direction. Not a sound
was heard except the repeated: "Hap—
It was the amok signal! It had start-
in other words I ed at some point in the city where an
agent of police—or possibly a citizen
—had first taken from its hook a stout,
solid woodeu club and had struck a long,
also solid beam that hung suspended
from an adjacent portico. It had been
takeu up instantly at many different
points in Wcltevreden by citizens and
police agents, so that the amok signal
was flashed all over Weltevreden as
quickly as if a central telephone or
telegraph operator had flashed it over
European wires. The signal meant that
some unfortunate little brown Javanese
had gone suddenly mad—mad as only
a Malay can become. The repeated signals warned all who valued their lives
to escape the maniacal rush of the
dreaded amok runner!
All that I could see the length of the
bread Parapalang was an occasional native police agent skipping across the
avenue, stopping and listening every
now and then, watching fearfully iu
every direction lest the amok victim
should pounce upon him unawares, And
all the while the two long raps and the
two short raps kept sounding their
warnings like the fire-alarm gongs in
European and American cities.
In the heart nf every resident of Java
these amok signals strike the utmost,
terror. In no other part of the world
than in the Malay countries can the
dread of tlie amok runner be appreciated. .And the primitive mode of signalling the fact Unit an amok victim is at
large is so thoroughly executed iu Java
that upon one occasion, where tlie amok
] on that coast.. None of the European j had escaped into the country, the clanger signal was transmitted, by relays,
from An.jer to Banjoe Wangi, a distance
of some six hundred miles, in something
less titan sixty minutes. Considering
that, tlie signal blocks and clubs are
strung at intervals of about five hundred feet throughout Java, this was a
considerable feat and showed the des
pcrate .energy ot' citizens and police
agents throughout tlie island.
As I stoocl watching on the lawn on
the deserted avenue I tried to recollect
where my wife could be, so that I might
go to her and protect her against tiie
native mailman. All around me seemed
to be a lifeless city. Not a human being
could I see, for even tho police agents,
their fear having gotten the best of
them, were now iiiddeu behind latticed
shutters. Nothing but that eternal rapping on the wooden blocks now here,
now there*, showing that the amok runner was still ecu the rampage, slashing,
with a long knife, whatever came in
his path. I could stand the suspense no
longer anet walked briskly along tiie
avenue. I did not know why I went
in the direction I did, for my wife
might have been in another part of the
town, lint I walked and walked until I
came upon u horse, one of the few small
horses owned iu Java. The brute was
lying in the roadway, struggling feebly
in its last throes, and the stab wounds
covering its body told me that the amok
runner had eome this wny.
Around the corner I came upon a native, stretched out stark, and then upon
a dog that was limping along with
frightful cuts across its body. A hundred feet further I saw the first signs
of life since* tiie dreaded signal had first
been sounded. Almost at the same moment that I saw a small group of police agents, natives, and a few Europeans gathered on a lawn down the
street there came the " finish " signal -it
. ro'i three short raps repeated in rapid sue-
pnetors, who usually show a defoc-1 cession.   This signal, like the first which
tive sense   ot   appropriateness   in the, ,.avc  the  alarm, coi mod   the   amok
names chosen tor their establishments, runner, onlv ihe signal now meant that
I'or instance, the success ot the Savoy the madman had been caught or des-
Hotel in London is responsible for thc I patched. It was takeu up in all divec-
large number ot Savoy Hotels to be j ti0ns. People emerged from their houses
found at continental centres frequented ; an,i SOon the little group on the lawn
by English people. Next comes the, ■,,,..* „rowll into „ veritable surging „.,,b.
name Carlton which is beginning to bc ' When 1 came upon this scene I tound
used a good deal on the Continent. In ; ., Bmai|, ,v;rv Javanese stretched out. on
former days an hotelier was satisfied the lawn. He had evidently been stun-
to differentiate his hotel front others by , nca- bv „ blow from a club in the hands
the epithet 'Grand, or "Koyal." but j of ., police agent. Near him lav a knife,
fourth rate hastelry was | ana- the knife showed that it'had been
put to awful use very recently.
homes were screened; the familiar hum
was never heard ou the porch after
twilight; and most of the beds were un-
canopied. Presently the American forgot his mosquito-net, but kept up his
quinine, Occasionally, ecu awakening in
the morning, he would lind a small red
spot on band or forehead; but it seemed
absurd to protect against mosquitoes so
lew as to attract no notice.
Before the first mouth had expired,
however, tho American was tossing iu
bed with tho fever that has taken its
heavy toll on that coast. And thereafter, .in an average of every twee weeks
for six months, he had the African
fever. He steadily lost flesh and
strength, his complexion turned yellow,
and there was a look about the eyes that
caused more than one European to take
him aside and say, "Better get away
for a.while!"
Then an army surgeon happened along
—a man with a reputation as an expert
on tropical diseases. He was gathering
data for a report on West African diseases. Wben he met the American he
saw material for his report. He punctured au ear-lobe, collected a drop of
blood on a glass slide, and went ol! to
his microscope.
"The malaria parasites are eating up
your red blood-corpuscles.'' he said tlie
next day, as calmly as if he had announced that the pigs were in the garden. "You have two varieties. One of
them can be killed with quinine; the
other can't. Better run home and build
up your  system.''
"Very well," said the American.
"But when I come again tlie mosquito
that bites me must first saw his way
through the bars."
IT is curious how strong is the inlit
tive faculty among continental pr
fore he committed manslaughter and
has been restrained until after the
frenzy passed away has never been
known to have a second attack. In
every case, however, the basis of the
amok frenzy has been cither an act of
injustice to the native by his employer
or sonic  real  or  fancied  wrong.
The Duke and a Foreign Attache at the
Military Manoeuvres, at Eedlands,
1907. On This Occasion Wiltshire
was Invaded by an "Oversea" Power,
Which "Landed" 60,000 Troops at
these Hies come, from! ''
If these carriers of disease be rigidly
excluded   from   contact   with   the   food
eaten  by nny  family this summer, tho
clanger  of  dinrrhoeal  diseases  may  be
disregarded.   Of course the flies will not
communicate flit* worst of these, typhoid
fever, unless one case of that disease is
within the range of their activity, but
.. I they arc the hosfs of many other para-
si sites.     Here   is   a   definite   and   well-
r   authenticated   instance   eet'   how   they
f 'quickly spread typhoid germs:
when   every
given the name of "Grand," more ambitious nomenclature became the rule.
Hotelkeepers apparently became enamored of the epithet "Imperial"—a term
which suggests grandiose architecture,
a magnincent site and highly aristocratic clientele. Some proprietors even
went one better, and were only satisfied
with "Grand Imperial" or "Grand Imperial Palace—indeed, I think I havo
come across an "Imperial Royal Hotel"
before now! But. pretentious nomejncln-1
ture is after all a harmless fad, but!
travelers have, perhaps, some good reason for objecting to the inappropriate !
and even misleading names of some!
hotels on the Co itinent. As a writer in
the Anglo-American caustically remarks, "I have known a 'Bellevue'
whose frontage gave upon a waste plot
of land with an unsightly high wall as
its background; a 'Splendor Hotel'
whose splendor was confined solely to
its bills, and a 'deux moneles' which, so
far from being limited to two, contained all the worlds, human and animal,
known  to  mankind.     1   staved once  in
The warning amok signals had been
altogether in vain in the case of one
European, for near by, in the entrance
BREAD, like milk, is one of the most
general articles of food, and as
such is subjected to thc most frequent adulteration, aud unfortunately
it happens that such a fraud cannot always be detected with ease. The experts who have given special attention
tc this kind of adulteration agree in
the statement that under the influence
of the preparation of bread the grains
of flour umlergo certain changes in
their outer appearance that render them
much less distinguishable, lu a most
praiseworthy article recently published
in Les Ananles de la Chimie Analytique,
Eugene Collin recounts the results of
his tireless examination of pure bread
anel adulterated bread. In thc course of
his laudable endeavor, it seems, he found
himself able to determine with passable
exactness the quantity of pure flour
in baked bread, whether the bread subjected to microscopical examination was
old and hard or fresh. His procedure
was to soften a crumb of bread with
as little water as possible and knead it
persistently with the forefinger and
thumb over a fine sieve resting on a
vessel that should receive tlie dripping
water. The mass is treated in this
manner until the water ceases to look
darkened. A powdery mass then remains em the sieve, which is deposited
on the crystal of a watch, combined
with a trifle cef glycerine, and is then
set aside I'or further examination. Besides, to the water in the vessel is given
an opportunity to clear itself, and it is
then decanted so carefully that the sediment is not disturbed. The result, of
sucli troatment is that from tlie deposit
ou the sieve and that, in the vessel the
true composition of the bread can bc
Bread made from pure flour leaves
only an imperceptible quantity of starch
on the sieve. On the other hand the
greater part of the gluten is found on
it and forms a net of irregular meshes
and shows some resemblance to vegetable tissue. In consequence of the
ease witli- which its presence in the
bread is ascertained, tlie gluten is especially important for microscopical examination. In the same deposit the
microscope showed numerous particles
tit starch which during the preparation
of the bread changed their ordinary
form or were forced to explosion, Still
there is a rattier considerable number
of them that have escaped this influence and are easily recognized from
their size, color, form, and the presence
cef the navel. Those statements regard
wheat bread only. The result when ryo
bread passes under the same procedure
is that th1.* deposit on the sieve consists
of gluten only, and therefore proportions in a mixture of both kinds of flour
can be ascertained with a large degree
ol exactness under thc microscope. Particularly, however, is this elone through
a, test of the precipitate of flour, since
the grains of starch of wtieat and of rye
are distinguished from eene unother by
the shape of the navel, that is, the former point of connection of the placenta,
tlie most resemblance to these is shown
by the grains of barley, the* addition of
which is ascertained with a satisfactory
degree of certainly front the precipitate
on the sieve, A quite customary adulteration of lireael is effected with rice
flour, which always fails to escape the
scrutiny of the microscope when this is
invoked, for the grains of starch of
lice are always left in great number on
the sieve and are more easily recognized
because during the preparation of bread
they suffer less change. This result of
M. Collin's investigation is extraordinarily important, for the addition of rice
flour to wheat flour or to ryo flour has
begun to be a veritable torment. Besides, certain kinds of com meal have
been misused in the same way, though
easily detected by the microscope.
THE German Emperor has a horror of
he   enjoys   au   oc-
if cards when the
casional game
stakes are  low.
Du a certain evening he took a hand
with some officers and high officials, and
private  mums at  Bngshot,
by  the
that   one   -it'   Princess   V
itricia *s
amusing carina)hits i** it
It r
iprosents t In- Duke, in liis
inn n1- ,i  Hold-marshal, his
hair nn
his  face  red,  ;iml  his  win
1,- body
!     til :
:- usty the' while nt the almosl petrified   work, I have received nothing but kind-
"poor lilt1.'  \r;-,iir" nl her side. uess and help from you, and 1 thank you
Just   a I    I
view of th
I ointmont
e expires   .
igain tall;
sketch nt I
pre  'i.i   time,   wh
it  Hint. Earl Grey's
it ernor General nl Cunn
-■  shortly, i licrc  i- cenct
n. :n
from Ike be.lteeici ..t my heart.
fairly bristling with rage. Underneath
is written. " Ve'ln't'i' is iny horse?*' And
those who know the linke's unfailing
mildness .-in* invariably tickled ley liis
daughter's littlo joke iigainst hiin'. Vol
uiiiether  di'   ihe   Princess's  caricatures
"takes .aii'     her cousin,   King ' rgn
v.. as nu admiral. li hangs iu the
drawing-room nl Frogmorc, and causes
ono invariably tee smile.
Pr.on u purely social point nf \ icw,
tic Duke ..I Connaughl and his family
nnjoy, perhaps, a bettor time than any
either Koynlties. At. Royal weddings,
Funerals, christenings, and the like nil
over Europe, the lluke eeutninly pays
tin1 price cef his position by enforced at
tendai : and whon Royal visitors eome
lee  Kngl.'iinl  hi- delightful manners unci
hnndsoi ppearancc    make    him    efn
fchese e iesieens iiis.. indispensable.  But
very often mew Princo Arthur of Con*
naught tnkes liis father's place; while,
as leer the' Duchess nnd her pretty
daughter, Princess Patricia, if is their
fortunate led ,to combine witli all the
prerogatives a ml nonce of the penalties
.1' Royalty nil the advantages of the
\e'vy rich ini.i absolutely leisurod commoner.
The Duke's Income, which is, of
course, granted him from the State,
am.units lo -,^125,000 a year, $75,000 of
which was granted by Act of Parliament in 1871, when he was introduced
Loudon  Hotel
nothing but Berlin,
recollections of a 'II,
was nearly a  couple
centre of the town.'
where they spoke
ind T have a vivid
itel Central,' which
of miles from  tlie
A regiment of healthy young men
most of them from once city, was mustered into service for the Spanish-American wur. Por several week- they were
e'tic'iinped within their own sliitc. It was
in.I :i joyous outing! 'he' food wns scant
unci cooked ley ineti wlio did not know
even how te. I:.,i! potatoes; the sudden
change tn tenl life produced many varieties of colds;] the nick-nacks cif the
camp-followers nipset the digestion of
Iwo men mil of every three; ecu tlie
whnle, vitality evns at a low ebb during
the  lirst   ineent li.
I'.nt nobody was reallv sick. A eorres-
pondont would semi to his paper daily
Ihe niiine-c of men who had fainted elur
ing tlie Iml afternoon drills, but the victims were I k in line by the time Hie
newspaper wus published.   T!u* surgeons
and the hospital stewards were occupied I ly with liis loose-fitting coat.  Ile st-
mainly wilh social functions.
Then the regiment was bundled o(T
lo I'liick.'iiiiiiiig.i Park, glorying in its
record for health and fitness. Its new
i.-imp was laid cent in un Isolated grove,
high anei well drained. Tt.s company
streets won the praise of the division
stall'.   Its drinking water came from a afternoon
(By Emile  W.   Vouto)
A COOLING breeze came as au unexpected guest through the vine-
covered arbor from the direction
of tlie hills. I was sitting in my tuin-
katner, the part of every European home
in Weltevreden—the residence portion
of   Itatnvia.
"Mingo!" I called,
Iu u twinkling there' appeared my lit
tie   Javanese   servant,   in    immaculate
white, his brown skin contrasting clean-
deep well anil from first to last was pro
nouncc'l microscopically free from infection. The food was nutritious; every
man in tin* regiment had become a fair
cook; rani; anil liie were bronzed and
hard as nail
for a moment under the swinging bamboo portieres and inquired gently, in liis
quaint, native way, what was wanted
of him.
"Kassi pait!" I called to him, and he
disappeared  as  noiselessly  as  he  had
eome, to return a moment later with tlie '
snaps"—gin   and   bitters.
There  was  hardly  a  sound  to  break
the quiet  and  stillness  of the  tropical!
evening.   The broad avenue, a step from !
which our house was located, was still
deserted.     Weltevreden   had   not   yet I
awakened from its afternoon siesta and
Within a few weeks, however, the sur- \ the hour—seven o'clock—when the En- i
The Duke and Duchess of Connaught, With Their Son and Daughter, Prince
Arthur  and   Princess  Patricia
goons wero daily diagnosing typhoid j
fever; the hospital tent was crowded ;
with patients; and now and then came i
tlie word that this man and that man |
had died in the general hospital. The,
perplexed colonel walked the surgeons!
from one end of tin* camp to the other !
every morning, but there was none wise j
enough to point his finger at the cause.)
They all guessed, and guessed wrong.
lt is all as clear as daylight now. The
ropeans in Java begin making their so
eiiil calls had as yet drawn few into thc
at  Privy   Council,  and   un   additional
1(150,000 ecu  his marriage in  1S70.    The
sum   i-,  of   course,   in   addition   to   the
private means of the Duke.
With the army rank and liie the Duke
I know you have always hoped thet I (who, by the  way, is officio]  head of IObickamauga woods wore ftill of typhoid
when the time came feu- your seeking n   Freemasonry iu England, and did much when the regiment with the health re-
well earned repose 1 should be your sue    tie promote the craft  in  India) was al-; cord had set up its tents. Within three
his Koyul Highness being  cessor.     I   believe   this  is  nol   tee   be,  ways exceptionally popular.   From these   '
'■"   positi    :e    slight   Mu.ugh  I am considerably in the dark  not over lenient critics, hls Royal High'
arecr und character may | as to what the future may bring. Como   noss's  real   "grit,"  indefatigable  en
lays the new camp was full of flies,
which had come from other regiments,
If it had  occurred  to one of the start'
prove cei interest, The Duke's connec- j what may, you know me well enough to orgy anil complete masterv of his profes- j surgeons to examine tlie fuzzy feet, of a\ first of the m
tion with tec r <, ■ i r i i n i c e i, is n lung and: know that; I will loyally serve nn until sion, impelled admiration, while, on the I few flies, he would have "found the | me to my fe
pleasant one; and the Canadians woui.l i I  see  that there  is'nothing for me  to | human side, the "gen'nil's" charming I tvphnid germs w*'«h he vainly sought in I finished slam
to his house lay a prominent planter, tlie
victim of the mad Javanese,    He had
Rap—Bap—Itap-rap!"     And   again j been stabbed to the heart.    Before the
it came:  "Eap—Rap—Rap-rapl" clead planter reached the bed that was
Sound travels quickly in Weltevreden. | to be his last the little Javanese out-
Xoises are blissfully few in a tropical side had recovered front the amok fever,
clime, but the slightest disturbance at i was wondering what had happened to
one end of this glorious garden spot! him, and still more so at what he had
could be heard plainly at the other.        ; done and—was led away to his execu-
Simultaneously with  the semi-metal-: tion.
lie   raps   Mingo   burst   into   tho   room |     Reasons for the amok frenzy among
through the bamboo portieres, his brown ! the Malays are numerous and varying,
face almost livid. | In   modern   medical   circles   the   amok
"Toean amok! Toean amok!" ho frenzy would, undoubtedly, be called a
shrieked, iu a shrill falsetto, I "brain-storm," from which the victim
I had no need of his warning.    The j recovers promptly when his frenzy has
metallic signals had brought   passed away, either after an act of vio-
t, and before Mingo had   lencc or after a period of restraint.   An
ming thc doors and shut-1 amok runner who has been caught be-
one of his guests prejved extremely unlucky. At last, being deeply intent on
his play, aud having lost tne not very
big sum of twenty marks, he forgot for
the moment that be was in the presence
of his Emperor, aud exclaimed, half in
"Well, 1 have fallen among thieves,
and no mistake! "
The Einpornr and the rest of the
guests laughed heartily, and the poor
lad stammered out a humble apology.
A few dnys after, he was summoned
to Court, and, instead of the reprimand,
which he dreaded, the Emperor presented him with a handsome scarf-pin, in
the form of a twenty-mark piece set
round with diamonds.
; eral costume, there ia apparently do cud ice the wonderful
) coiffure ornaments worn. Narrow gold Greek bands, jeweled
cer ornamented in high relief gold embroider}', arc very swart.
lt i- like-wise- modish tee carry a chatelaine witu an evening
! frock, unit these are now made to match the headdress orua '
i uieiiis anei other jewelry.
Nearly every gown one sees on those* occasions, evlcctliei
it be of untie, crepe, or one of ihe countless supple materials j
  , that are now worn, i- draped in some way.   Some are caught
____ up in the back witi. ii motif of lace, or galloon, cer metallic1
•row. . ,, „„   m      „ •      .._*,_.        0F '■""r'*' everybody is talking about sleeve*.    As a mat- ■ eabocbon; others arc draped under a tunic uf chiffon or other
-iynit-a-Uves      The    Only    Mcdlcln* | W    ler of fact, there is such a  variety that a wide choice ' transparent fabric. ...  are caught  in around tl„. feet with a
That Will Really Core is  possible.    Coat  sleeves,  especially  for  the  strictly   ,,.,„,.  „,- trimming,    lint all are draped, and it leeoks as .f
Constipation. 1 tailored models, remain small and full length, only slightly   the tunic in its many modifications had also ionic te, An;-.
„^___ i fulled into the arm's-eye.    For the Moujik  or Russian cos-j j
! tunic tlie sleeve*, is fuller tind more varied in cut, but the ful-
*s£5* rlve.r   DOth   causes   and  curei : ,less is rather iH.tvv,,eu tllt. elbow und the wrist than at flic'       Ma"J gauze Liberty s.-nrfs are worn t ct.-i, the gown
2,. ^iC°nSt P      U °r Paralysl3 ot | arm's-eve. where the contour of the shoulder is preserved.' •» ""lot, trimmed with marabout.   They n-c, • cry «„,,*. and <
Lr°     '?•   T1        . .      ,.        I The strictly tailored sleeve  i.s seldom  seen on  the  Russian i'■'■*'l*1*s**1' "'■ •''•'-ture „u.l sl a.
m!? etr,l^e,tU^Lo?C^^l°?^Jl Uoat or blouse, for it is not at all in keeping. Every other gown one sees at tbe  play is of sa„„. and!
Blf to mSvi toe BoweS       P * P™«y   sleeves   of   three-quarter   length* and   even    half   there  arc  many   of  them  veiled   with  a  tunic  of chlffo.1   or
L    . .      .!      a    ,. ..      length are uotic.*ablc on the new foulard and pong.,' frocks, j «••''   ■>«*-     *   l'"'"l->'   tiock   was of  black   and    white   striped
•i J'."^"!68   aSCt8,.dIreCVy °" th5    so that it  is apparent   that   we are not to b, .........
liver and makes the liver strong and
By curing the liver, "Frult-a-tlves"
enables this important organ to give
off sufficient Bile to move the bowels
regularly and naturally, and thus cure
"Intestinal Paralysis."
"Frult-a-tlves" Is made of fruit
Juices and tonics and Is undoubtedly
the only medicine ever discovered that
wil positively cure Constipation ln
any form.
"Frult-a-tlves" Is sold by all dealer!
at 69c a box, 6 for $2.60, or trial box,
26c, or may be obtained from Frult-a-
tlves, Limited. Ottawa.
'HAT is the nicest hazardous job in
I 'iinaelu .' A rattier interesting
question.     Mining   has   its  .Ian
gens,  railroad  t idents are  numerous
every year, but neither of tlms icupa-
t-iajns are* attended with'BO much peril as
lumbering, uccordlng t'e tho view of a
British Columbia newspaper, The British fieliiniliiu man who has done fhe investigating sny- that more lumberjacks
nre killed every year in his province
than men in any of the so-called "extra hazardous trades." This fact is not
generally known because obituaries of
these victim* appear but seldom in the
newspapers. News from the logging
camps b.triod in Ihe bush does not litter
out regularly.. When n big tree Knocks
a man out, there is no reporter on the
scene: sometimes it is weeks before
word ed the :ie'ei:"nt is received.
,.,..,     ,   the [ satin,  covered  with   narrow  silver  galloon.      Some  of  the
. tunics arc draped, but oftener, it is the underdresB that is
', draped, while the tunic falls over the shimmering satin in
1 straight lines. One notices also that many of the gowns
i show tlie trimming placed on the satin unOerdreBS to gleam
! through the tunic-.
lt   is  said   now   that   hats  of   medium   size   will   be  "the
j thing," i*ut one wonders whether cer toe this mode will take.
i so strong is the love for the large hat and so great  its pos
sibilities.    Many of the new straw hats are dyed to match
exactly the tint  of the gown  with which it  is to be woru,
■ giving ii eoic tune effect that is always very becoming.
The  smart   new  models nre  faced  wiih  velvet,  usually
black,   nuel    thi--    in combination   with   the nutural   color
; Panama  eviivrc,   Leghorns and   white chip,  i-  very  -.Hiking'
anel becoming.
Aigrettes, both while ni..I lelae-k, figure litr'.'c-ly in the'
trimming, placed usually at the buck. All ihe hats scon are
noticetiule .or their extreme simplicity id' shape and trim '■
niing, Though the trimming is usually very rich, eery little
e.f il i-- used uinl thoro I- little combination eel mater ml. n
i; Ihe Inn Itself which i- nieere conspicuous tluei> tin' trimming
l.ttlis yen'. Many ure turned up abrupt ly. at one side, others
ure turned smartly up in front, while still others, oqunll)
fashionable, are somewhat on the mushroom order and have
huge puffed crowns of net uud other -.beer fabrics,
;• :'5/f e^-. \
PASSKN'tlERS   who   put   their  heads
out  of ii  railway-carriage window
often get  a cinder iu  tin- eye.   It i
is both painful and dangerous.   The following   hints   should   be   kept   in   mind
whei experiences tllis common  mis-;
Nine* persioes cent of every fen with a
cinder cer any  foreign  substance in tne;
eye will instantly begin to rub it  with
one   hand, while   hunting   feer   n   hand
kerchief   with   the'  other.    This  is  all j
wrong.     The   right   way   is   met   tee   rule
the  eye  with   ill.'  cinder  in   it,  but   to ;
rub tiie other us vigorously as you like.'
"A few mouths ago," says a railway.
ongiunor, "I  was riding ecu the engine
of  a   fast   express.     The   driver   throw
Open the fronl  window of the cab, and
1  caught     a  cinder  in  iny  oyo,  which
gave me  intense  pain.     I   began tu rub
We  eve   desperately,   when   the  driver
called  to  me:   ' Cot  that  eye alone  anel
rub  the  eether  .cue.'     Thinking  hi" was'
elmlHng mc I only nibbed the harder.
'The  doctors  think   they   know  everything, but  they eleen't; ami  If you will
lot"  that   eye   alouo   und   work   ecu   the
other one  you  will  seeon   have the cin  i
der out.' shouted the  engine-driver.    I
etcd as he directed and soon felt Hie cin-
der drawn  near the inner corner of the.
eye, and made ready tie take il cent. ' l.et
it   alee mil    koeqi   let    tlie    well   eye,'
again shouted tlie driver. I did so for
a minute longer, and then, looking into
a small glass tin* engineer handed ine, I
saw tlie offeiideii on my cheek, I hnve
tried it many times since, always with
"0RS12S have crept up three cer lour
times in value during the lust
ten vears; even the ranchers are
rebelling." This wus quite strikingly
illustrated neet long ago. Messrs. Ryan i
and Pares, Winnipeg, and Mr. 13. P.:
■ay, Medicine Hut, wauled lo build
tanks and reservoirs on their properties.!
Horseflesh, they concluded, was t Icar
to waste ou thi- kind of work. Mow1
was construction to proceed! Then ]
came a happy idea. The ranchers quiet- |
ly. disappeared.    After a   few  week
NOT alone in Canada hns t
developed  a  problem  of
nada  has the  rise  in   I lie  cost   of  living
the1  gravest   importance  to
very nice.     From ull over the worlel come reports of
iho increasing hardship of tho human struggle fur existent-
Especially grinding is it  in  those hauls  where wages nn'
lowest and opportunities fewest.
In Germ auy, the very name nf which hits become n synonym of thrift, nn investigation by tae government ui the
relation of receipts and expenditures in tin1 average German
household,   recently  completed,   hns  revealed  the  startling
fact that, taking the families which rendered ai unts asl
:t basis, tin1 wage-earner is running behind his income at tho,
rate of ten dollars a year.   Tin* Imperial Statistical Bureau,]
which conducted the inquiry, otlVrs no deductions from this
finding, but it. is evident to tho simplest  miud that such a
state of affairs cannot continue indefinitely.    If conditions
among tho families which reported hold goqd for the remain* |
der of the nation, either a readjustment must be effected, or I
tho empire must  become a  nation of paupers.
Pull  household  accounts  for one year,  from  eight  huu i
dved and fifty-two families, furnished the data for tlie report
of the statistical  bureau.    These families averaged 4.64 individuals  ench.   uf   whom   '2/2.)   were  children   under  tifteen ; HUMORS OF A BEAUTY SHOW
years of age. TT ANITIr, thy name is—man.   At auy rate, that is the con-
The heads of three hundred and eighty- wo (tallies wore >        ,   { >D ,.;,.„. ,UH, aft     Iist0lli      tJ the (!Xperienees of a
skilled industrial workmen   and the a u una I incomes ... such weU-known music-hall manager who, a ahort time ago,
homes averaged $448.(U    En  fifty-four families the  bread- organiz0(1 a geiltleinen *s beauty show in Loudon, Kngland
winner was an unskilled industrial workman, with earnings *..,  ,mveBbeeu  fco .,  feW  bun-struggles,   halls,   ami   I
Does noi contain Alum
NO baking powder that contains alum is fit to put
in your home baked food. Alum lessens the flow
of the gastric juices, causing indigestion and irritation.
The heart and nervous system are also affected by
alum, and it is pronounced unfit for any food by all
food experts.
MAGIC insures pure food
for your household. MAGIC
makes delicious, healthful
bread, biscuits and pastry.
You have the assurance that
your baking is sweet and
when it is used.
a medium
priced baking
powder and
the only well-known one
made in Canada that does
NOT contain alum.
Full Pound Cans, 25c.
Insist upon MAGIC—Nothing is "just as good.''
Made in Canada
E. W. Gillett Co. Ltd. Toronto, Ont.
pnpp   /m,f\r\'Lr   mWt^rXrW^ lfy*iwliaT«Rrtr.tCe*i»e»d.»copyof.M.»^
IT £VE«.W  l*UU*IV   DOV/iV  «> poiU> i»nl »..d tfci* itlu«Wc little book will be  mtikd Fm of ch**/...
eil' $410.79 a year. The highest average was in the familie
cif three1 engineers ainl building superintendents, $881.79,
and the scale cif income ranged from that tee laborers' wages.
The total income for the eight hundred and fifty-two
households, during the year the investigation lusted, was
$444,501.18, and the total of expenditure was $453,005.88,
leaving a deficit of $8,504.70. Or, averaging incomes and
expenditures, each family received in the year, $521,713, and
spent $531,09, which left it in debt un .\'.*w Vein's Day, to
tin* amount of just $9,99.
This deficit was uot, however, universal among all tlie
families, On the other ..and. it was noteworthy that il
appeared  with  senile regularity  in  tlie  families of highest
Embroidered Chillon and Satin Gown
. , very lung tight sleeves of last season. The* suppleness of the
absence they came back to Portal with ,„,„-. fai„il.s",„ilk1.s possible maiiv charming effects in shir-
 w pooies and  140 mules,    lliere    •       cordings, tuekings and the like, and as in the Russiau
wns   silent    envy   among
iiieu who can 'I  pay the lo
horses.    The presence of til
eether   cal tie
new stee.ls
•ostomies, the fulness is more marked below Ihe elbow, lint
there is this difference, that iu these fabrics there is alsce a j
.    fulness at the  top of the sleeve, especially where a  trans- j
was explainod.    They  had  boen  roped   „„,.„„(. material is used over a tight -fitting uudersloeve.
iu off ihe Mexican plains.    Despite the,       ()ur ].[U.is correspondent  has this to say in a  late letter
Heavy duty, the pomes and mules ure a ; wl,i(,h (.1III1(,S *.„ ,mnd jugt ,ls this is ._„,■„,, wrftteu. "Sleeves
oheaper investment than horses.    1 here : ure fm. t)u, mQat part iuvisibly put into the armhole, nnd ap
is work In them, too.    Ihe cow ponies,        r us -,, •„ om, with the bo(ijcej th(, fuUuess being dissimu-1
wbo have been trained to hull Hshting, j |.l||lcl by ti|lv goreS) ,u||. 1ht, j-0irl-,l(, concealed lev embroidery, \
are expected to pick  up the tucks o  ■ T,|(, elbow :j1,,1,v,l VvlH have its innings iu the present season
Wie   ronnd-up   with   ease*.      Iheir   board , ,(s u [g ,„,,,, prnctieu] .,„,| elegant.
Wl won't, cost much; thev live till lortyi ,.wiu, tl|t> .,(*vol,t ,)f t)„, „,,w models, many fancy sleeves
and over, munching only the, tough j (J(1|)i(1(j f).om o](| pUiutinga will make their appearance, sleeves I
prairie*  grass. wjt|,  s|,uulele.'r and elbow  puffs,  others  rather full  gathered'
and straight, and others still with tiny tops and  full  lower
A bauk for schoolboys, leuill  1 opor ( ,)0rtJoiis coming from the elbow nud gathered  into a  wrist-
ated by the boys themselves, isthe in-   j)|lnd     -lI(,t.,]|i(, tnlll, veUoa ,vith iP|.,(.k ,„,, „,. ,.i,ii)'„u makes
clH-ation given by the boys of a  New  pretty und becoming sleeves."
Vork public sche.eel of couiiiig iinaiic'iiii        ,j,|lla r0cnns to miud an odd dreain that I had just before
genius.    The   le:isiue--s  ope ,1   wilh   a   ,. jving this information.    I dreamed that I was taken to a
rush, the banking hours being from V0,T exclusive model house and there shown the latest frocks
three lo four "'clock iu Ihe afternoon. ,,,,,', W1,,,(, ,,„.,,,,,. wona*01,ful]y like the costumes shown in
lu a short  time there was ijc-Jiio in tho I piiiul-l-DfCR   of  olden   times,   with   long   pointed   bodices  an.l
hunk, which wns deposited m Ihe Vork    druped, borufflod ovorskirts.    Hul what seemed lo luteresl 	
vMIe Savings Bank. ,11MSl („ ,1,,. dream was what my ■•< 't assuri-d mc was tn he
—-—^—— —    Ihe  cnniing  rage   in   sleoves.       It   was  cei-tainly   a   pretty
■Ud, Waak. weary. Waicrrj Bfcj.^   model, the material hugging ihe linn rather snugly al  Ihe
•jl«ved  By   Murines  Bye   Remedy.     Try    u        j t)    ,0 w]|s ,l|lnosti Mll fulUoss al' the arm's eve, Ih,
Murine   For   Your   Kye   Troubles.      lou       i   , ...        .  .... ....    ,  , ,'        ,
Will   Uke   Murine,     ft   Soothes.    60.-   At    llowi
piets," he said, "bul iu ull my life I have never seen such
a collection of aspiring—perspiring, in some1 cases—Adonises
as 1 did during Ihe six dnys 1 held my beauty show I'or men.
The smell of brillinutiiie and hair-oil was positively over
powering. Local barbers must have done a roaring trade,
jiuigiiig ,by the trimmed and waxed moustaches, cloau-shuven
chins, and the well-oiled heads. Dressed in thoir Sunday best,
the competitors made a gallant show, and quite captivatod
the hearts of the ladies of tho committee."
"Did/these ladies act as the sole judges.'"
"They were guided Ice a certain extent bv the applause id'
the audience."
"Anel by the remarks, too, 1 suppose?"
The manager! chuckled.    "I ,|ceu't think 1 stopped laugh
iug for u week,    Vou musl understand that the competitors
alec ul   lifty every night—came from all classes—local pub
licans, shop-assistants, clerks, mechanics, and even  navvies
entered tor the prizes.
".Some, of e-ceiiise, entered foi1 fun, bul the majority wore
after the lirst prize, particularly those competitors who hael
succeeded iu other male beauty competitions. Naturally the
friends of many of th mpetitors came tee sec' tjie sinew, and
'the cbujue system wus beautifully workod in some cases,
Sometimes, however, while one part of the1 house loudly applauded the competitor the 'goels' 'gave him  the bird'-   in
I other words, tried lo drive him off the stuge with cries such
j us -(.lei off, scarecrow'; 'He's like one of those Aunt Sallys
of  the   lair,  ain't   he,'';   'Try  a   drop  ut  hair  restorer, old
j sport! 'j • I)'you cull thai a face? Gam, I hat 's a Guy fawkes'
musk!   I. wonder whut his old woman thinks eef it .'   She must
have been hard up le rry I lint '; ' Hon 't be silly. Hill.    Per
haps he ain'1 married')   ' X<>. I -~lie.nl.ln 'i think s...   The girls
ain 'i quite so hurd up yet as to tuke a thing like thai.'
"This dialogue would tl" on nnlil another competitor pul
his head through ihe framework nl ihe back nf the stngo, for
a condition cf the c petition wa- thai they should be judged
ley the he.'iil :■ 1 cue*.    -Oil, eeh.'ll  :e  In'ely man!' one girl remark
eef,  vhen   a   ruthe'c  ulcc-lookiug  shop-aSsistaiii   came  en  eene
Sn rn t
French views. l\ Sen shells surrounding ;i circular opening,
.i. Shells and marine flowers ami an irregular opening arranged io ^ive the effect of a view irom ;i ^mito. !. Various
Bowers, among which double poppies an- most conspicuous.
.". Small flower dcbi'rns: roses, thistles and shamrock, found
on hollow ware, r'jeoes such as "The Landing of tiu> Pilgrims'* nnd "The Bostou State House have theii <.\vi
Special  borders.
As io the Kidguays, John and Robert, whose pottery is
now so famous alike for the brilliancy ni it.- glaze and iks
decorative subjects, thev took over their father's factories
after his death in 1814. Between that time nnd the ywir
1830, when their partnership was dissolved, the factories of
Shelton and Ranloy wen* constantly turning out quantities
of this type of tableware. Had tho "Beauties uf America'1
series 1 u their sole legacy, it would have made them famous, so interesting are thc designs there depleted.
The Clews brothers, of Cobridge, were .similarly instrumental in preserving to us many :i picture of our early nioim-
ments, yel it is to Ralph Stevenson, of Cobridge, that we nwi
must of the views of earlier American buildings and parks.
To him we arc indebtod foi many views of old New Vork,
Albany, Baltimore. Boston, liar\ard College, ' 'harlestoi,
Rochester, Philadelphia, Hartford, Troy nnd Washington,
Prom IM''-'. when Stevenson and Dale started ths factory,
until I'S-iu, whon tin* firm suspended operations, Stevensoa
deluged  the mnrket  with Ins wares.
A      "ml
EOJ3NT  writer ecu  ihe  Newfoundland   paper iinliistr.
summarized Ihe ren-cens why the' llarinswcerth Compuej.
■ •ami' tn Newfoundland as i'dhiee-:
■■ first.   Newfoundland's   comparative   proximity   tn   t.m
British Isles, Newfouudlnnd being nol more than 1,700 mites
from Ireland, while Ihe nenresl  American nr Canadian i-eut'N
which could lee chosen for the manufacture of pulp and paper
would   lee   at    leaM    l.-'e nil—   t'lllther   wesl.
"Second, ihe possibility ni' securing area  in Newfoiinei-
Inud  lnr ni" Ktcuslve and better timbored thun are new
tee l,e secured 'en the Western Continent.
"Third, the opportunity nf obtaining legislation of a
character tn effectively safeguard -uch areas as compared
with the facilities obtainable in more populated countries,
I  wouldn't  mind walking out  with  him. would yeeu, jas law-- which would cause no injury in Newfoundland would
Upon  which  Sarah  promptly    roplled,   'No   fear; [ operate very detrimentally in regions more thickly populated.
h for me. I don 'I want i
jumpers,' Apparently the young coal-hen
In Sarah was Jim, for he seemed I" smile \
"Any limit as iii uge? Oh, clear, in,. A great-grand
father could enter it' ho liked; and, ley Jove, the old hoys
held Iheir own. In fact, ono man of lifty won the eighth prize,
lie hn<l the me.-ct   regular features ami the uicesl   beard ami
hair id' any mnn  I  have ever  ll,    Ail the ladies fell in love
with him,
"\n .cue enjoyed the shows, however, hotter than th.'
Indies ni' ihe- committee, Each competitor, when he place,I his
hen.I llirenje.li the franie. had Ihe limelight thrown lirst on
one side of his face uud then on the other. It was rather a
trying ordenl feer those wh" had never In  the stage before, am! the operation generally made them I.link, which led
some ef the' audience in -hunt eene night, 'Thnl '- it. Hill: -hut
your eyes.    Veen look much prettier.'
"Sometimes,  however, the Indies of the imittee were
not quite satisfied with viewing Ine head iu ihe framework,
unci requested tn seo a little more nt' the' competitor, in which
ease he wus obliged tee walk t" u table at which they -nl. at
the side eel' the stogc, while lhey carefully examined him.
Mnn' trying than the limelight?    I should think it  wus, par
liciiliii'ly  when  the  Indies  of  ihe  cummitl 'ommonced  in
remni-k  in audible tunes, 'Hi.-  nose isn't   halt' so  nice' n* it
ter I "Fourth, ihat cheaper, though equally efficient labor
sin next could he obtained in Newfoundland than is obtainable in
pishly.        Canada nr the United stutes.
"Fifth, the fact which previous experiment^ have domoi-
-trntee| ami ihe practical manufacture has uow proved, that
the Black Spruce nf Newfoundland has no -aperi'ir in the
making nf  pulp and  paper,  and   lhal   a  cur.I  .if  it   will   pro
iloee eene eighth more paper than the spri f the America*
< 'nnl incut.
•■Sixth, thai timber can be secured more cheaply, logging
deuce ulcere rapidly ainl economically, ami the whole operation
nf converting forest growth into pulp anel |ea|n'r carried "■
in ue h i e advantngeouslj in Newfoundland than elsewhere."
The  railway ma)   he -aid  lee le.- the father eef iliis enicr-
|erise.    If the railway had nol | etrated the interim we eeeiiKi
have had ne, pulp mill at Grand I'all-. and ihe four millioi
deellars' worth of paper which will le.> -.hije|cee| by the Harms-
worths tee Kieelnnel tlei- year will all he drawn over a portioi
e.f the- Newfoundland Railway. Today it is being hauled
.nc the Newfoundland Railway from Ihe paper mills :tt Grand
Kails tee tin' terminus of the railway ..t St. Johns, Newfouudlnnd; unci from there the paper i-. shipped by the Purnosa
an,I Allan Line steamers tie I don.
Only ten miles further down the Exploits River, nn whick
looked al a distance,' nr perhaps lhey nskod if his hair was   the  works  of the  llnrmsworlhs  are built, ihe  Albert  Rood
false nr whether he had I n painting his eyebrows, Company "f Loudon, i- nl-" constructing its paper millfl.    I'lns
"Soldiers ami sailors untercd lh.' competition nnd curried   c*ompnny will also ship largely over the  Newfoundland  Rail
i.if several nf tho prizes.    Naturally thoy  were i'\ lingly   way, anel it  i- met unlikel)  thai  within the eery near future
popular with the audience, and I musl say they well dcerve'd [ a  branch  line  of  riiilwu)   nine   iee huill   In   these two
11., n
*. ecu found liner type
would  I
if   III.' M. '
V\:iv    leelicr
urnilunlly out till it measured ut le
Tour Druillsl"      Write  Kor Bye  Books,    half wav lielweon the ellceew ami the wt'isl
Fne.    Murine   I'lye- Remedy  Co.,  Toronto
is a safe, pleasant, unlueptlo
liniment for reducing Varicose
Vcinej to a normal condition,
h.-.eliuir them even alter they
bave teeokcu, stopping the pain
Ing th
t twonty inehe*.
I'hi- fulitoss was
...i! he.I.I by ii .HIV, l.nl nnly partly confined by a strap uf
ihe material below which it escnped in ti soil of frill, wli'i-n
fell over nu under frill of exquisite olel yellow lnce'.    I  wns
Pink Voile dc Soie Gown with Gold Enibronlory
earning |><>u.
I.   while   llce.-c*   with   ll
innagcil i<
very emphatically Informed iu the dream that this frill wns  both ends meet. t Bul in none ua- thero much nf a inarg
the' most noticed characteristic of the new sleeve; that, ami | for  meeting tlie  proverblnl  rainy-day,  or  Illness,
the  fact   thill   the   fulness   wus   niel   caught   in   ley   a   Cliff,   but
allowed  the arm to show almost  tee the elbow,  nhe veil
Blightly ralsod.
quickly, overcoming the seere-
eecss, restoring tbe circulation
iu a reasonable length of time.
Also a successful  remedy  in    ,-
treating Vurloosltles.pafnfnl . ,.
swellings, toothache,   iee*u-     '
rnlgia, rheumatism,rheum-    I
alio or Rou'y deposit*, bun-    |,nn„
luns,   corns,   bruises, lame .fi    "'.,"",", '■""       ,   ,„., ,-„i  e.„ .. „; ,e,, . i.1( ,1,. e i.„. i thcer.
New *e ork hns experienced several firs! nights Intely that | "" r
examples of plnles and platters el rated in the majority of
flow wn~ the average income spent?   Out of ihe s.'..'!.7".   euses  with  .|.-~ii_r'i- e.f  more  Hum  ordinary  Interest   al   this
j .*J4l'.I7  nr   l'i.."..".  per cent   (nonrh   ono half),  went   fnr  food,   'ime, echoic -" much of old Now Voile is vanishing.    Here are
! Ninety live dollars anel a  half, or abuul eene sixth, wa- -pent    ret-
f.er rout; clothing and wa.-hing claimed 1)1(17.23, nr n ightl
pi - t.. -leal entirely  with 'hi' i-arringe ..'   their pulp and
paper; so rapidly i- tin- industry likely i•> ■!•'-. .-I<»|e.
'I'lee' llistor)   "I  the  New!' lice ri.l liailev.'iy   is like the hi»-
i.ne  ..f all ..ther railways,    Whal  wns suid nl  thc Canadian
Pacific, ll.e  ^re.ei  t'aiiadian  line  which  -pan-  the continent
THROUGH   the uui -m   ,et   Mr-.  Abraham   Lanalug, cef   from  'he   .tlnntic to the  I'neific, n .-I al-.. of the  V.*n-
Albnny. Hn'  Metropolitan  Museum  of Art.  New  iorlt,   foundl I   Riiilwu)    that   it   * n.,-i   icvei   pa)   foi   the   i\le
hns come into tun possession of it collection of historical   grease,    Thc pioi i- ..f the  N.'ie mlhiiiil  Uailwiei   had to
"taffordshiro   blue-printed   wurn,   consisting   uf   thirty-seven   meel  all  thc "Lie, ten- and  all  'I'.- difficulties  which  lie  ie
Hie   ree.c,!   eef   cell   wild  are   I'l   Cl'liaC if   Iheir   times,      llllt   teeelay
i- their justification,    Nol alone is thc present  railway mol-fl
than   fulfilling  its mission,  lent  ll I- ,,r th, entry, tha
polling cef the Krie e'acal, tlie   demands e.f traffic arc calling oul  feer more  railways,    The>
nd  'iiii"  railroad,  Hi'1  Texan Matt inn nf tho legislature m Newfoundland saw the intra
..i.i- ni' -n.-ii es i'ills as I lu
iimpli'iiien of the Baltimore
back, stiff ueck. Agoodrem-
nit a large sum fnr dressing nnd luttndry work f
\s in  Paris, ll,,- opening nr firsl  nighl  of cc  pla»  is now   "'' -1'11'1 persons.    II.-at an.l lighl  .-..-i S21.62, niind other es
egarded  in   New  York as i vent   of docided  importance   peuses, not clnssiflnblc, *inii.lS, nr nearly nnee lllth.
rout n sartorial point of view.    All th,. social world flocks        A I(l ""'l interesting fuel developed in tin- ceourse of
o these first  nights ami the women vie wilh .me nnother to   similar inquiry condncteel nlong more restricted line- in th
ut their smartest and newest frocks on these occasions,   city of  Nuremberg,    li  was that  .1   th"  forty-five  fiunilic
which  turned  in  i-oitiplete nccounts  feer nne year,  ih
average spent more thai
tor food anil drink. Tli.
n( the home table, but th.
at   public-houses.     Ami  a
income was expended at  publi
Vory little went fnr tobacco. T
moat, sausage, black bread, an,I In-
the list was lower than those revet
gatiou, covoring u  number 'if Geru
Iv   Campaign, nnd various pro slavery and nntislavory questions  duct ion  nf a  measure  by  which  tie.' new  railway  !.runciee"<
\    that wore ie, had te, the c'ieii War.   At tin' beginning ■■( tl,,-   Mill i„. built.   One will run from (Ir I Lake t,, Bonne Bar.
lusl quarter eef the oigltteentl ntury block printing wns in    'I'hi-  branch  line  'iill  connect   two  great   imliisti es    u-t   '■
a   vented  by  Tbomna Turner.' of   Oaughley,   ami   alcnee-i   ini    the  initial  singe of development,     \i  tic  Grand   Luke  ter-
mediately tak<n up by Josinh Spodi 1 Stoke.    Both potters   minus are the great   i -i   nreas owned by  the  I! I  New-
■el   firsl  made use eef the willow pattern ami  ihe amorphous   foiindbind   Cnmpiiiiy,   il.iinti   sounre   mil.-       lie'-"   men-   ,,r
lloi'iil  I  pngndn  design quite commonly   found   upon   the   tracts  have  never yet  heard  thc sound "f th"  lumberm.ln's
■ne half  of   iheir  entile   income   pseudo-Canton blue unci white' ware nf c hlnn, which from the   uxo, unci thev  istitntc an ialeal uulp nnd papi r territory ie
leni included not only ih.- cosl 'lays nf William an.l Mary tee those of <;,*.,i)_.,. ill. were ex | ever) respect. Grand Luke itself i- fifty sis mile- li-itifr, ai
,i-i nf fnn,I an,I iliuil, coiisu Hied toiisivelv eiseel lentil in Knglaciel an.l tin* eeilnnie's. AI lir^t iulu ti<l sen, witii nee island en it- '■■ 'litre thirty mile- lung,
nsl   tell   per  cent  nf  ihe  entire   '1"' ware ua- printed  in  pale bine, lln- rich dark  blue with; ami i- open all the yoni round     I' is t■<■—11•!«■ !>■ bring booms
llSeS,   incest    nf   il    fnr   beer
I'lie home eliel was mainly
ssemblecl  renllv iiuusnullv brilliant  audiences.    The goner-
^tbocbUMen^iaDwcui, .,,  visi(in    ,    ,' f„vlM, pmmena.le between  tl -ts new pre
reiise, etratn, sore throat, or *'*■**8 ** ,     ,l  ,,,„;,,.   ,
oroe iainfid trouble where m vnlent   in   New  } ork   theatres   gives   ample   opportunit)   tee
Jood liniment wonidbeiiseM. stmlv the gowning of women,     ll  is interesting In note the
B80BBINE.JB.,p«n8tre»taee ■    ,  ^ *-*, **„  .. , ,
^w.ottb.*j-3uie'crqu""T»itbieatcsuci'iii8.iiTiD; general tenttires ot the lout   ensemble.
•onTWlom-..    FrleeaJlaWJ OJ, UOO ejoa. bottte.   At ejU Th(,   mttjority   of   the    weime'll    HOW   do   not    WeUT   lltlts   Ull.I
^mTd!t,mT.m^^ , till" gives scope to coill'ores that are charmingly, wonderfully
LTaiim.ui'„■••tmt.•""■'ia.ienu. and even grotesquelv arranged, aeeeutuated   bv   Ihe   white
toWWiFl^^i^^ei*^   powdered   faces and'vivid   scarlet   lips  which   the   American
a^T,«a»i .ui»ia»0l mos.CO.,ua, VioawnM, woman now c'cepies from her French sister.    In nearly every   washing,  lor instance, took  "in
      case, the coiffure is kept small and little,  if any, paddinj
—~"""~""~~~~—~~~~~~~~~~~~~"—"™" ' is worn, the hair wrapping the head and bringing out a clear
iv     ma ¥*< 1     IV11    i '"f i;ill|t|n"''   Tl' ;l".v building is clone, it is at the buck of tin
W.nartBl Si emMC riHS;   IC"'N[.||1V „f ,.„, vm,n,r|,p „.„,„,,„  are wearing folds of satin,I acci.lenl.   a. 1,1    age   ,1,,,-.     Contributions to social
..   :e ...  i. .e"  ,...:-    °-veral   i nt el led iiii 1   ends,   i iicliul i ii g   subscript ions   nt    newspapers,   nnghly ininilinr  witn  the ccrmnnic art.    From  tin' day- ..f
which we are so familiar appearing first  towards the- end of   of |iulp wood to the papei   11   II -     p   dny. while the . 1111 i-keg(
llu* lirsi quarter 'ef ihe nineteenth centnry,    As |{. T. Haines   of il xtensive .nca within ihi- 1. in  I iitinued in
Ri-ery other item on   Hnlsoy points out, in  hi- "Early  New  York  on  Dark  Bluol definitely withoul eve 1  special method 10' re-forestiug, -e
1 in the wider investi    Staffordshire Pottery," 181)9, ihe various decorative borders   well-wooded   1- the ...metre   an.l   -..  -11011-;  Hie  growth*.     .V
1  cities.    Clothing  uml   of fruit, flowers, marine subjects, et.'.. so ,'harming ami dis-   splendid   water  power,  known   a-  Junction   Brook,  will   ge»-
per cent, e.f ihe totnl   tinctive  in  thi-.  printed   ware,  were  firsl   added   cl.otit   1802,   crate tin* pnwci  which will l.e necessary 1.. operate thi- pulp
heal   and  light, only -Lie per cent. through  tlie  suggestion   of  .1.    Clive,   a   Tunstall   engraver,   and paper industry.    Here in a •..-.    shorl lime.a large settle-
There  are  other  items  eef   life  in   Nuremberg,  however.   Among the pica's included  in  Mr-.  Lansing's collection are  menl  will spring no giving Inlee.r in llioiisunds, ami ,-rearing
ivinili   deserve   nttonti6n.    One   is  that   nf   insurance.     An   many showing ihe distinctive designs fur herder- adopted by] freight ami traffic far more I linn this 1.ranch will be capable
average of ii.1  of the total
oes   for  imperial   -id
ll  well known  pn!te*rs ns the Woods. Stevenson,  Ridgway,
I   Slnlehs uud Clew-.    The'  llnoels .nme of a  line' of men liner
velvet or gold, or silver gnu/.p twisted in the hair,
young girls, whom T notiee.l nt n very smart First Night re*  nontributiona  to  political  pari
cently, wore  folds of satin   the same  color as their gowns   3.0 |"''' cent, of the  n
■\vo\iiif]  round  the head elosely, quite eovering the  hair.    A
eptawcribed   aiiti   rwoinitipiK-t-'*1   for   women's   ail   doliciito t'hnhi, fashioned out of twisted silver or gold gauze
menu, . wieutiflually prepared remedy of proven    r^b0n, is also a notieeatde roifTare ornament.       k
^C'r::,,';: Zee1: "U,0k '^ I      As the coiffure is now a really important part o*f the gen-
cen  dnes,  den I   Ralph Won,! (17115-72), oarliesl ami best ni tin* Staffordshire
ligore  modelers,  eleewn   tee  the  closing  eef  the   I'.nrslein   factory
So if the increased cost nf living seems in hear down hard   direction.    According tn Hnlsoy, the chiol characteristics i'n
.en  the Canadian  wage-earner, ho enjoys the cold comfort   the decorative I.orders employed I"   th.'  Woods ar.. a- foi
of knowing that  others than  himself find  it a difficult task , lows:
to  make both  coeds meet. '■  Hollyhocks, iris, and grape- on the I.a Orange and cither
ef handling.
\l ••  Stephen I'ngcl, at tic Sei I eef Rcoi i.--. exhibited
a pie.-.' ..f gelatine that hael been kissed ley a man with clem
lip-,  uud   pointed  ..ni   that   eo'rtu-  ha,l   grown   thickly  eever
eh.' pnrt- touched l.v the lip-   Hi mil.I   co.t. he sai.'l, even
kiss the*  surface of gelatine  with".it   producing the outliue
of eene- lip- in  germs,
, i
The Mystery of the Sargasso Sea
Bv Tbaddeui
rpHEBK i- "in' vnsl marine expanse
JL that mariners shun the little
known Sargasso Sea. This has
beeu a place of mystery and dread ever
since the first bold navigator began
seeking what lay lieyeeeol Ihe nm nf
his own horizons.
The Sargasso Sea i- in mid-Atlautic,
lying between 20 and :;.e degree- north
fatitudennd :'•'! t" BO degrees longitude
west from Greenwich. In area more
than two million square miles, il is thus
almost as large as the United States.
From it- borders it seems un oce'au solitude, a meadow eef seaweed as large as
a continent, lt ha- been popularly he
Moved that thi- seaweed shrouds nil the
derelict- ami ih-leris Ihat the mighty
swirl of tin' ocean currents for ages
nasi ha- -ei'.e'el am! sw-ltng i lit c. Ihe
centre of thi- dead water.
Around the edges of the Sargasso Sea
float the ma— e- eel debris thai Ihe .III
rent- havo most   recently  brought  from
the ends of Ihe can.    There are huge
trunks eef trees that once grew in the
forests of Brazil, a thousand mile.- I'roin
the; ocean ill tin' -eelil n.les .ef the Aula
Aim;   there   are   casks   and   boxes   tossed
overboard from the galleys nf nans
atlantii' liner-. Anything lhal II.eat- -
an inipie  barrel or a water logged dere
Met— "I.e.     it    "et-   llltee   the'   grasp   eef   Ihe
sea currents, finds il- resting-place ia
the end ia thi- graveyard of the ocean,
The Sargasso Sea owes it- existence
to the greal ocean rivers Ihat encircle
ii. iin the chnrts thi- huge systepi of
ocean rivers forms an  irregular circle.
In   the  e tre  of  it   i-   a   great   ellipse
mure  than  a   thousand   miles easl   and
west,   and    twee   thousand     th    und
south. It i- like a vast lake in the
centre of the Atlantic, bul one whose
shure- are ever-moving water-, instead
gf  slal.li'   land.      ll   ts   like  ll aim
eentro of un immense whirlpool. The
far-off deep-sea currents that sweep
around it- circumferonco do met elisturle
the   Btnguuul    waters   within   il-   lieenn
claiii'-.    These w l-covored waters are
forever placid, except at. rare' intervals
when some vagrant storm swoop- down
from tin- heavens ami ruffles Iheir sur
face.   The atmosphere above is usually
as  calm   as   the   seas   lee-low.     The  great
livers of tl ir   the trade winds, pass
this  region  by.
The lee-t way ill which the Sargasso
Sea mav lie understood is to compare
it with some familiar object of every
day. Take a cap of ten and stir it
round. The bubbles will rush to the
tent.ro   and   stop   there.      The   -weep   of
the  tea   aronn.l   the  Ollg '  the  cup   is.
in a very minute way, tbe same' as the
movement of the iriigiity ocean currents
that swing around the Atlantic with the
Sarga.-sc, Sea in Iheir centre*. A better
illustration may In' ha.I l.v Inking a
basin half full of wnter ami tossing
therein some lots of wood or cork, or
anything that will float. Then with a
sweep cef the hand set the water swirl
ing. All th.' llodting Mils will gather
in tin- centre, ami there they will stay-
in leuig as the water is in motion, It
is thus that the wreck- ami the inc'il
eulable debris swept by this stupendous
inrush of the ocean currents lind their
way to the centre "i the vortex ami
stay  then'.
The great masses of gulfweed are
the warders of this prison ia the -seas.
Along the- ouler edges there are detached islands of varying size, which, like
tin' mas- .ef vogetation that stretchos
to the sky line, are of the yellow gull'
weed, by the Spaniards called sargasso.
These linle islands have narrow .'han
ned- eef clear wuter between thom. The
water i- of an intense indigo blue and
the -"aw 1 of a bright yellow, the contrast between tho two being exceedingly striking, ''inly n few hundred feet
from the "liter edges of these floating
islands the continent of solid vegetation begins.
Xo steamship could ever penetrate
the Sargasso Sea. The tangling weed
would choke ils propeller and make it
useless. The skipper ed' any sailing
craft who runs his prow into this thick
web of weed through any of the mis
chances of navigation is fortunate in
deed if he escapes quickly. The Sargasso  s,:i   is  liallling.     II   i-   nol   solid
enough to walk ti|  nor liquid enough
to permii the navigation of a boat.
Whoever falls into it is drowned forth
with. The cJinging weed grasps and
holds and makes the stoutest Bwimmer
i If courso it would be possilbe tee cul
a passage for a small boal toward tho
centre of thi- immense sea-meadow.
But the channel behind would .lose up
a- quickly us it was made ami '-at ."IT
the avenue of escape. Such an expedi
tion would require a large quantity of
supplies, far greater than any boat of
moderate  size  ceeiild  carry.    Some  day,
no ili.nl.t. the Sargasso Sea  will 1 x
plored. for ii hu- th.' lure of mystery
which always tempts men to risk their
Sc. far a- known the only real attempt
that ever ha- been mude lo explore the
Sargasso Sea  ami  lo  map  il   accurately
wa-  lhal   of  Captain   Leps,  Uu ster
of  a   French  sailing  vessel,  more'  than
half  ntiir*. ago.    I n Iiis report, writ
ten in  Is."i7,  I published ill a bulletin
of the French Geographical Society
eight years later, he gave a brief ne
count of lei- observations, which extend
ed over ii period of some t hr nonths.
Captain Leps does not -ay how he enme
in receive his exploring commission,
ami Iii- aeee.unt rends like that nf an
experieiiceel mariner rather than Hint "I
,   in i   science,    Th"  map  he  made,
however,  i- considered  the  mosl  ■■ ur
ate one' in existence, lie did nnt . al
tempi   ',.   penetrate  tl.i-  ^icut   (looting
lull    -    ..:     SCOW I.    I'll'     -I'eni-    I'l    have
contented   himself  with   -ailing  ar I
it a. il oli "i ■. ing Iiii   course of ll ir
The  belief thai   appear.-   to  have   I II
shared I" such geographers as Oviedo
and Baron - on Humboldt thai ihe sea
,- imp met table, and that it hold- for
ever aii lhal como- within its boutl
darii seems io have been disproved
l.v whal happened to a derelict recently.
' [n Mav la-l th" United Stat.- Hydro
graphic i lllice at Washington reported
that the Norwegian bark Crown-
wrecked   unci  abandoned—drifted   into
I he  Sl  : gll   -"  S.a   nu   "lie   side  and   caliie
out later on the other. Apparently this
boat had passed directly through the
centre eef this ocean deserl -straight
across tin' 1,100 miles of its diamotoT,
steereel only by the shifting currents of
the ocean,
.Modern hydrngrnphic science doc- iml
regard the Sargasso Sea as anything tn
be dreaded. It lake's its fabulous ter
ror- ns things mil proven, fjieutenun'l
Eidgely Hunt. Duited States Navy, in
charge of Branch Hydrogrnphic Oflice
in New York '11 v. ha- (hi to sny about
"Through tlie dynamical forces arising from the earth's rotation, which
cause all moving masses in the northern
hemisphere tee tend to be deflected toward the right hand side of their path,
the algae that are borne ley tin' Gulf
"itream freem the tropical seas find their
\y toward the inner edge cef the circu
latory drift which moves in a clockwise
direction around the central part nf
the' North Atlantic Ocean, In this central part the flow eef the surface wat oris nor steady in an\' direction, unci hence
the floating seaweed lends to accumulate there. The tendency to accumulate
lis perhaps most observable in the triangular region marked oul by the* Azores,
tic Canaries, ami the Cape Verde Is
luucls. but much seaweed is also fouud
,10 the westward e.l Ihe middle pun eef
this triangular regiou in un elongated
area extending to the seventieth ele
gree meridian ot' west  longitude,
"The abundance of seaweed in the
Sargasso Sea fluctuates much with the
variation of the agencies which accounts
leer its presence, but this office does not
pcessess any  authentic   records to show
that   it   hu-  ever  I n   accumulated   in
such amount a- materially tee impede
vessels in passing over ibis pari of the
All sort- of .-mall aquatic ami insect
III'.'  flourish nr I ihe  borders eef the
Surgassce Sea. There are numberless
vurtoties cef tish, mollueses, shrimps,
crabs, unit waterileas. Almost invari
ably  thi-   life  lake'-  cen   ihe  protective
COlor   'Cl'   Ihe   maSSeS   e.f   yellow   weeds   ill
which   it   lives.
Some of these inhabitants of the Sar
gusso Sea aro found nowhere else.
There i- a trnusparent  shrimp Ihat has
WOlldrOUS   eve'-   on   the   end   of   long  pedi
eel-.   Those eyes are many-faceted, und
each facet -iceils h brilliant greenish
light ami sparkles like' a splendid gem.
The wnterflons are extraordinary also.
j Seeme are totally blind, while others go
to the opposiie extreme ami are nearly
all eye. Kven the flshes are' unique.
There are sonic Ihat build nests in
which in hatch their veiling. They form
the weeil into huge balls about, the size
nf a I iiii ch cheese. The lish binds these
together with glutinous threads which
it exude- from its body. These threads
are so strong lhal a man cannot pull
them apart with hi- hands. One explorer who brought up in a net 'cue of
these lish ne'sts found six small li-h inside.
Although the' waters about the Sargasso Sea are generally culm, they are
lev no means stationary. The fringing
isluuil- ot) weed rise nnd full or shift
their position according to the direction
of Ihe winel cer the condition of the sea.
The great muss, however, seems as motionless us the  land  itself.
At night the waters of the Sargasso
Sea are phosphorescent, nud thc* fish and
all the* marine life shine with tllis
strange light. Xow ami then groat
shoals of lish shoo! through the narrow
lanes between the islunds and leave
trails of light us lhey slip through the
indescribable beauty of the molten sens.
"VTOW that the Count Jacques de Les
JA seps bus flitted away to Toronto,
Montreal is beginning to wonder
whether this slight little; Frenchman
to whom all classes of population have
been paying court for the past ten dnys,
is really a man. a bird, or even a
The coiiiil captured all hearts by his
during, graceful flying. That goes
without saying, lie also broke muny
a heart witb his manners. For the
count ha- that gentle, pleasing reserved wav of speech unci action which
touches the chord of friendship almost
immediately iu the one he addresses.
The girls along Ihe lakeshorc said,
"How charming!" The men. '' A bully
Ainl lie i- nil that and much more.
Ilf i^. t lie typical '' gentilhomme'' one
sees so occasionally even on the ol her
side of tlie -wnter. very seldom here.
His wit, his repartee, his gestures, uro
exquisite. Each, in itself, betokens the
natural diplomat, and the count is as
diplomatic us he daring. His boa mots
in a conversation flash like re<l lire in a
oHtrk night. lmt, unlike tlie red lire.
there is no smoke to dull the wits.
At ;i little dinner at the Montreal
Hunt, given in honor of the count and
his sister, the Countess de la Begas-
i-ii'iv, aviation naturally beeumo the
topic of   conversation.
•• Was it nol plucky nf Graham
White t«. carry tli.- Countess A luly ns a
passenger?"' suggested  one young lady.
"Yes, lmt sbe had to pay a thousand guineas for the privilege/' interposed another.
''Madame, 1 cannol believe it of
Graham White,'" Baid de Lesseps. "He
i- too giuid a sport tn accepl money.
Had I been in his place, [ should have
offered the lady flowers to accompany
After dinnner tin* eounl was asked if
he would place his signature in an autograph album. Tllis is what the owner
found written when the bunt; was returned: .lucfejues tb" Lesseps, -1710.]
four nn homme oiscau, je n'ai mnlheur-j
sernent pas la plume facile."
Before leaving Montreal the count
wrote a farewell note uf thanks to his)
Honor, Mayor Guerin, fur all hi**; kind-
uessos which had been showerod upon
him during liiy visit there. In it he'
naively remarked that lie fcooK the privilege a few days ago uf paying a rail1
at the ''ity Hall in a somewhnt unusual |
way. He regretted that, under the cir-1
cumstauces, lie eould dn nu more than
-•ail over tlie roof of tin' building, bnl
that the next time he came he hoped tu
In-    able    1..    alight    and    aerept    the    llOS   I
pitality which he fell sure would ho
a wail ing him.
The    ruunt     lefl     Montreal    wilh    a
new name.    Tn tie* fasl  dwindling band'
ui' | roqnois Indian.- he is Telw. i ornhonl
-n waner. the Man with the* Greal Wings.'
Mo was christoued ut Caughnawaga before lu- left, and is now a full fleflgod
bra-.   the hnnd.
A white Bparrow hns been caughl in
.--.■ni hind. ;ii Elgin.   It w;e observed for
the   firsl   time   whon   it   Was   tun  young  In
feed  itself, at  that  time being fed by
it - parents. Wit h tie- excepl [on nf a
-nmll fringe :H the extremities of ihe
wings, which are of rather darker color,
it-  feathers are pure white nl] over.
three prospectors, which had been nam-
I ed Rawhide, had a population of 10,000
1 people, and miners were arriving at the
' rate of 200 a day. Lots were sold at
anything from $.~>,000 to $25,000. while
some mining magnates purchased one
: claim, which had been staked out by a
1 syndicate of twenty miners, and made a
, phenomenal yield, for $800,000..
The .>tory of Klondyke is even  more
amazing.    The first  find of gold of any
, importance  was made   iu   J81*7—not   hy
| gold  prospecturs,  but   by a   fisherman—
I at   the  junction   of   the   Klondyke   and
.' Vukon   rivers,      I minediately   t lie   news
j of the rich deposits of gold which were
' to   be   found   got   abroad   there   was   a
: mad   rush,   not   only   from  all   parts  of
' America,   but   also   from   Europe.   Soon
! 30,000 people were on their way to the
, diggings,   many   destined   never   to   return; for some 500 miles of tlie roughest
; Alaska   country   had   to   be   traversed.
and the route was literally paved witli
: the   bones of  those  Wlio  had   juined  iu
th     mad  rush  without  stopping tu eon
shier   the   difficulties   the   journey   pre-
j sented.
Husbands deserted their wives, while
1 clerks, merchants, doctors, ami lawyers
I sold all they possessed tu pay their way
to Klondyke. But where one unpractical
■ man    succeeded    io    enriching   himself,
| scores of  American   professional  miners
j rami'   away^, worth   hundreds   of  thousands.     In  spite of the warnings issued,
j however, and the fact that it needed a
capital of something like $1,500 to get
from Kngland tu Klondyke, hundreds of
■ people weut  from that, country, only to
! return   wrecked   in   health  and  pocket.
Jt is a curious fact that when Mr.
' Marry de Windl, the well known explorer, returned from Klondyke, in 1897, he
said, during the course of an interview
published iu 'The Strand .Magazine."
that the Stewart regiou was richer even
than Klondyke. And after a dozen
years there conies the recent romaut ic
Tlie faei is nut generally known, perhaps, that it was the discovery of gold
in California in 1S47 which led to the
discovery iu Australia. Within four
vears tlie annual output from the fields
of California reached $60,000,000, and
it was a Mr. Hurgreaves, who went as a
miner to California, who first discovered gold in Australia. Jle was struck
by tlie resemblance of the rocks near
his home in Australia to the gold-bearing rocks of California. He1 systematically searched for signs of gold, and on
February 12th, J Sol. he found some of
the precious metal for the tirst time.
The excitement created by the discovery was intense. Towns grew up as if
by magic. Kven police left their employment to try their luck at the diggings, while .sailors deserted from their
ships as soon as they arrived at a port
near the fields. Men flocked in their
thousands to Balla'rat and JJathurst, and
it was at these places where the world 's
biggest nuggets were found. Fifty
miles north of Hat hurst three quartz
blocks containing 112 lb. of pure gold
were discovered, and the famous "Victoria Nugget," a single mass of pure
virgin gold weighing 340 tr/,. was
brought from Hendigo. Bul tlie largest nugget of all was that christened
the  "Welcome."    This  was  found  at
after the warfare lessens as long as. he began to write letters to bis friends
lives. containing     the     customary     farewell
Vet pity the boy who works it the greetings, iu case he should' fall a prey
other way. Jt is sucli as he who go all : to a ''vindictive and quarrelsome op-
to pieces by the force of internal ex ponent." Jt was 7 p.m., and the cash-
plosions. Whether the battleship Maine ier called as usual to present liis report.
was destroyed from within herself or (Jrunschild ran his eye listlcsslv over
without makes all ttie difference iin ' the balance sheet. Suddenly he "gave a
aginable.     There   is   no   outside   power j .start.
that can master a man. Hut outside I "A thousand marks drawn for pri-
forces can ei'iish him, though he still; vate use! What does that mean.' Come,
gnash his teeth. ! this is above a joke! "
I boards. At night these are secured by
! iron bars, one end of which hinges to a
I rod passing through the wall and clinch
the   Crown.     The   record  of   his  diplo
matic    appointments    is    a    miniatnre
gazetteer   of   the   world,   and   he   may
Since this is true, what is wise but "Have ynu forgotten, Jlerr Oruns-
that lie take himself iu band? It is the child? Vou were playing at the cafe,
self-respectful way. It is the only safe | you know, and lost a thousand marks,
way, if he would not be overpowered j and, as you hadn't that amount on you,
and crushed. We can all combine and Count von J-'elshig was good enough to
hold him. j call for the money ou his way. He show-
But let him. rather, hold himself, and j ed ine your visiting card in proof of his
no thanks to  us.    It  is troublesome to ! statement."
control a young fellow. Why will hei (Jrunschild hardly knew whether lie
not be generous, refuse to take our time | should go into a fit with terror and vex-
and tax our energy, and control him i ation. or whether he should shout for
self? Self control means, evidently, thel joy. He had been done out of a thou
subjugation of on   ' ■....■     >
wer by the bet- | sand
ter self—control of the highest judicial
faculty.    That is our moral sense.    The
voice within which says;
'' I   ought.''    "J   ought  not. "
For otherwise control would be with
out meaning. The purpose is one's own
good, other people's good; no injury to
self or others.
So much for tlie Jaw. Xow the means
is the power of the will, which always
can control unless oue is insane. Indeed, one of the tests of insanity is by
the will-power. If the will is off tbe
throne the faculties are in anarchy.
There is nothing iu all a man's life so
alarming as when he finds that he does
not know right from wrong, or, knowing, cannol force himself to do what he
He is for the moment a perfect ruin.
CllUOS inhabits him. He says he is uu- I
accountable, like the idiot or the mad. j
(live supreme attention to prevent I
weakening of the will, lt should have
perfect power from the head to the feet. |
If fhe will slips on sume nerve we
say that is paralysis, and we pity the- '
lame man. Hut such a physical slip is |
nothing iu comparison with paralysis in j
control of appetites and passions.
By a strange and fortunate alliance j
between the moral sense and the will
it is impossible that a normal man
should lie defeated in any struggle of
self-mastery. We can always win, always hold ourselves.
Often the battle is really sublime, it
is so intense. But the vast majority
conquer or society would be impossible.
marks, but at the same time it
was "off" with the duel. When he
afterwards learnt that tlie imaginary
student was a professional swindler, he
was thankful to have got off so cheaply.
IT has lately been demonstrated at
the London Hippodrome how it is
possible to guide and control a dirigible balloon by wireless telegraphy,
while a short time ago a Spanish engineer proved, by controlling from a
transmission station on the flat roof of
the Maritime Club the movements of
a vessel in Bilboa Harbor, that wireless telegraphy could be made an agent
for tho propulsion and direction of
Now a couple of American inventors
—Lee and Bay Clark—chum that they
have invented an electrical apparatus,
now being exhibited before officials of
■"-" '''■ ■rV'KVrH^.-'.--,.-;.V.'
Racing at the Fair—A Close Finish
STEWART wiiil mnd,    Waiters drop-
ped   their   trays,   workmen   their
tools,    elrivers    Ihnir    reins,    unci
stampo I."I."
Thus :i daily paper, in  its description
e,t'    lie-'    c'\e- i I e'lIle-IC I     e-I'l'CI t ce|     ill    Sle'WIirl,
British Columbia, when line report came
fbal seventeen miles distant, nt a pluce
failed Bitter Creek, a great discovery
"l   ur..I.i  bad I n made.    It is tho "l'i.
•i.i story cei' human avarice and greed.
Reason disappear!  when 'lie' gold fever
"i-i-  'in  mall.
A few years ago three mining prospectors tried their luek in thu Nevada
Hills, u<>«i mil,-- northeasl of San Fran-
e'i-e'o. where time discovered a wealthy
deposit of gold. Tbey tobl soim* acquaintances nl, the nearest town, whereupon 200 railroad laborers dropped
their tools and began tin* mad rftsh for
gold. The* news spread like wildfire,
and   in   :t  few  weeks  the   camp of the
Ballnral cen .lime lth. 1858, weighed -',-
51(1 oz., unci wus valued ut over $47,000.
Within ten years gold to the* enormous
value of $480,000,000 hail been brought
to England from tho two colonies of
Victoria und  New South Wales.
Two yeurs ugo one of the discoverers
of the famous Kalgoorlie goldliebl in
Western Australia passeel away in the
person of an irishman named Daniel
Shea, lie and a compatriot named Han-
nan, while prospecting for gold, camped
nn the site of Kalgoorlie when it was a
wilderness. llannnn, in searching foi
a horse, kicked a nugget of gold. Tbe
news spread, a rush set in, and the
wealth of the place soon became apparent. Ilannan anel Shea as the piou-
oors were awarded pensions of $500 a
year—not a grent sum when one considers ihat the annual output of thc Kalgoorlie eroldlielel is between $10,000,000
unci $15,000,000 sterling.'
There are, however, no gold mines so
rich as those of the Transvaal, Since
188-1—the year the. world's greatest
goldflold, Witwutersrand, was discover-
o,l—until ,liine, 1008, the total value of
the gold production of the Transvaal
amounted to no less than $1,057,1170,1175.
It wns a prospector named Arnold who
first discovered that gold Iny among tho
bare uinl lonely hills of Witwatersrand.
In this case thero wns no greut rush,
for the simple reason thut there was no
chance for the miner without capital.
The Rand's pro-eminence amongst gold-
fields is iieet elue tee the exceeding richness of ils elepcesils, feer iu Iheir percentage of lln' ycllcew metal thoy 'lie iml
compare with the mines nf California,
feu- instance. Hul while its ores are of
low grade, they nre found in much moro
extensive leenlics than those nf nny othei-   fields,   iniii'li   machinery  and   ninny
workers being required lie i arth the
Tliiic cue -till more chances, Imw
ever, feet prospectors, like Croesus, the
first really rich man known In fume,
wlm is said in huve discovered a little
gold   11] i lie-   (ef   Iiis   nun,   In   lincl   eene   for
themselves; fnr, according In authorities, the wiei'lel contains several un-
winked goldfields epiile ns rich us any
yet discovered. Parts nf Siberia are
alleged In lee richer in gold than Klnn-
dyke, while Sir Marl in Conway snid
some timo nun thut along the eastern
slope nf the Andes run muny rivers rich
in gold.
Perhaps, however, i/i these days nf nil
booms ii would be mofe profitable to
senreli fnr ceil rather thun gold. Por.
after nil, it must be borne in mind that
it wus ceil, nnd met gold, which mnde
the world's richest man—John D.
Rockefeller, master of many millions.
the War Department ut Washington,
which nnt nnly enables them tu control
the movonionts nf boats and balloons by
wireless telegraphy, but with which it
is possible tn guide and control
carriage ur other vehicle drivei
electricity, steam, nr gasolene.
Furthermore, they sny that their invention makes possible private coin-
nmiiicntioii by wireless. A huge fortune
awaits tbem if they only achieve this,
for at present anyone witb an apparatus installed can "tap" wireless ines-
snges sent within a certuin radius.
With the Clark wireless it is suid that
un operator can select his subjects. He
calls up any instrument desired and it
records his message automatically, ren-
clering the communication as private in
nature as under the present telephone
system. This is true also in the operation nf nny machine run by electricity,
steam, or gasolene. For by this same
"selective" power one or any number
of machines cun be operated in any direction or at uny speed nt will.
To demonstrate the powers of their
machines the Glarlcs constructed two
small boats driven by propellers and
guided by rudders. Those bouts were
fitted out with electric lights, placed in
a lake about a quarter of a mile away,
but iu view nf Ihe operators, und from
thnt distanco thoy were guided with
ease in any direction or nt any speed.
They were lighted und extinguished nt
will, the demonstration being made by
A heavy farm wagon wus fitted out
with the new appliance, and the Claries
sat in their room uud guided Ihe wagon
wilh the samo precision as a man's
hands are guided by the forces of his
mind. An ante,mobile wus similarly
Aside from actual demonstrations
given by Ihe Claries, they claim to bo
able tee semi niii any given number of
torpedo-boats arid oporate them at will.
These bonis can lie mude to manoeuvre
far out at sen, leeing lirougbf back one
ut   :i   Iii r   in   any  number  desired.
Distance wil] nol serve to diminish the
powor or efficient operation of the machine, nny more than ill wireless tele-
UNDOUBTEDLY Laura Secord is the
greatest of Canadian heroines.
She performed one of thc most
heroic feats in the annals of history.
This was sufficient to make her famous,
but. the romance which colors the history of herself and her husband adds
much to the glamor which has always
beeu associated with her and her name.
Further, Iho deed which she was called
upon to perform was tho kind whicb
appeals tn Canadian men and women.
A nineteen-mile tramp by moonlight
through an iintrackecl forest and over
unbriilgoil streams comprises a journey,
the strain of which every Canadian
can  understand and appreciate.
Laura lngorsoll was the daughter of
Thomas lngorsoll, a United Empire Loyalist, who came from Massachusetts
to Ontario about 1705. He was the
founder of the town which goes by that
name. His daughter Laura was about
twenty years of ago when the family
came to Canada. Shortly afterwards
she married .lames Secord, of St.
Davids, who was afterwards a successful merchant in Queenston.
.Tames Secord was a young man who
had ulso shared in the sufferings of tho
U. E. Loyalists. His mother was one
of a party of five women and thirty-one
children who had arrived at Fort
Niagara in 1770 destitute aud starving.
In October, 1S12, tho American troops
crossed the frontier, but were defeated
nt. Queenston Heights by General Brock,
.lames Secord helped to" carry the dving
General from the battlefield. In tbe
final assault he himself was wounded
and in the dusk of the evening wus
found nnd rescued by his wife wbo had
gone to search for him. In .Tune of tho
following year the Americans had for
the first time gained possession of the
Niagara Peninsula. The British had
outposts at Jordan, Beaver Dams and
other points, and thc Americans were
advancing against them. While cuter-
tnining n number of American officers
in their home nt Queenston, the Secords
heard of the enemies' plan to seize the
post at Beaver Dams the next day. The
husband, still suffering from his wounds,
was unnble to make the attempt neoes-
I sary to warn the troops at this point.
I Ilis plucky little wife, therefore, started
off in the middle nf the night on her
dreadful journey. It was thirteen miles
by road, but the road was unsafe because oi the American sentries and outposts. She must needs tramp through
the bush, wade the streams or creep
across fallen trees on bands and knees.
Sho must needs also avoid the Indians
who, though working with the British,
were not likely to respect a white woman whom thoy found wandering in
such fashion. However, the frail and
delicate womau accomplished her nineteen-mile journey and tottered into
camp in time to enable the garrison to
prepare itself for the attack and to win
a tremendous victory.
Such uu example of womanly heroism
ranks among the noblest teachings to
nny people.
i on the inside; the other end is fas-   claim  to be familiar with the East as
tened by a lurge bolt which also passes   well as with the West, for he served in
firmly clamped. I Persia an-1 in  Turkey al a time  when
A FEW weeks ago, Canadians were
informed of the claims of one
Mrs. A. C. Campbell, who claimed
that the Ottawa authorities owed her a
billion .dollars' worth of land—the
Plains of Abraham iimong other slices.
Now we have a little national reciprocation to record. C.W, Heise, a twenty-
five year old Toronto chap, clerking iu
thc G. T. li. freight department fur a
living, snys thnt one hundred anil thirty
million dollars' worth of Philadelphia
legally belongs to him, his cousin Edward Quance, and eleven othor heirs.
One hundred nnd tw-o yenrs ugo, these
gentlemen's grandfather, Colonel Baker,
possessed uu estate as large as an Ontario farm right in tho heart of the
town. An enterprising man was the
Colonel, possibly liking his native Hamburg bettor than America. And so he
loused his acres for ninety-nine years;
happy in his ignorance that boulevards
and street-cars sometimes boost real
estate values as high as diamonds. The
louse expired three years ago. Messrs.
Heise and Quance were on the job at
once. Thoy have been knocking the evidence into shnpe. Lawyers have helped
them scnle the colonel's genealogical
tree. Thev huve traced the warrior
back to the hour thnt he sot sail on tho
billows from Hamburg for the New
World. Their castles in Sjiuin for somo
time looked bright. But a little maddening "if" hns cropped  up.
to   the  iuiselo   aud
Such precaution is necessary
teetion   against   escaped   convict
hieie during the day in the* brush, espec
tally in the vicinity of towns nnd vill
Oriental methods were more popular
than parliamentary institutions. And,
unlike some youthful attaches and secrc-
taries, lie was not content with the peer
ages, anel prowl around at night on the I functoiy discharge of his duties, but
search for a careless fastening or a per- made earnest and continuous efforts to
son apparently worth robbing who is so; master the problems of nations and to
incautious as to be out alone. I acquaint himself with the thoughts and
Heat is obtained from a brick or iron j the languages of the people,
structure at one side or in the corner of J1 is °"e of tl|e serious defects of our
the room. This has two doors, one at ] Diplomatic Service that it gives to
the bottom, where wood is put in aud|.voutn ao responsibility, so that when
ashes taken out; the other,-very small, ] the attache becomes Minister he is often
t the top, opened when the smoke has   without   initiative   and   individuality.
escaped through the chimney and the
fire is reduced to a mass of glowing coal
to allow the heated air to pass out
into the room. Some of these stoves,
of modern manufacture, are of iron, resembling in appearance upright boilers:
they take up .but little floor space ami
extend to the ceiling. Most of them,
however, are of brick, not more than
four or five feet high, but occupying
sometimes fully one-fourth of the room
in which they ure placed. Those of the
latter style are always fiat on top, and
in the poorer houses the entire family
pile up on them to sleep away tho long
winter   nights.
The aborigines do not adopt Russiau
methods of building. For u winter
dwelling, a space is marked off us
large as may be needed for the require*
ments of the family. The earth within
this area is cleared out to a depth of
about two feet, perhaps a little more
or less, ucooreliug to the nature of the
soil. Heavy poshs are set closely around
the margin of the excavated area, with
poles lashed at right angles to them to
form a wattle; mud is thickly plastered
over this, inside and out. The roof is
similarly wattled, and covered with mud
on top. Earth is then banked up
against the wall, almost to the eaves,
and spread thickly on the roof, to exclude the cold and prevent water from
seeping through. So long as a fire is
kept up, the interior is warm and dry.
As the earth on top and around Ihe
outside yields to the weather, it is renewed, so long as the timbers resist uge
and moisture, or until the people deecide
to move elsewhere. In time the wood
disappears, and there is left only an
embanked pit. These house-pits abouno
-ill alone the rivers. Every stage may
bo found, from the building recently
erected to the timber-covered, trash-
filled shallow holes where a houso stood.
possibly a  thousand years ago.
IT cnii novCT be easy to master erne's
self. Hence self-control is always
the king of all virtues. But it grows
easier the lunger wo are working 't it.
'li ihe effort to bc one's own master
bo begun early every year—every day,
in lad—it lessens the strain of the
The child is taught to control its
temper, for instance. That passion of
forces which wc call a fit of anger
doubtless grows up tu maturity of the
boy's life. But if his parents have
been keeping hiin on tho job all the
while he equals the growth of passion
with his growth of self-control.    There-
Well .'''
"Vou have boon staring at me!"
"Not that. 1  nm aware of."
Thc young gentleman, evidently n
student., wus about to retire with an
apology, when the person addressed—a
banker—thought   proper to add:—
"Vnu me' altogether too insignificant an Individual for me to stare at
"Sir, that, is .-in insult! I shall challenge ynu.   Hern is my card."
After a moment's hesitation the
banker also gave up his card. The
cards were inscribed as follows: —
On the lower Amur River in custom
Siberia, and nlong the Channel of Tnr-
tury, the cold in midwinter becomes intense. A temperature of 00 degrees below zero is not uncommon, Whon the
Russians camo to occupy the country
they were confronted with the serious
problem of protecting themselves from
such Inclement conditions, Xow, especially in cities and lurge towns, brick
and stone arc used tn a considerable
extent, so that the frost can bo kept
out; but even yet tho peasantry and villagers must depend on wood, us was the
case with all at first.
In building houses of wood, sawed
lumber is seldom used except for llnors
uinl casings. Most buildings cue con-
structed of solid logs, us lurge as can be
conveniently procured.    The lower side
j of ench log is hollowed out to tit the
natural convex upper surface of the one
1 below.   As each log is placed in position
nn ini'h or twu of muss is spread along
. its top before tho next one is laid on it,
This prevents uny air from passing be-
; tween thom . As the timbers are put up
! green, or freshly cut, there is consider-
I able shrinkage; but the moss effectually
j excludes Ihe entrance of air.
Two sets of sashes, about four inches
ineil in ouch window.   The
DRIVEN out of France, forbidden to
enter the Gorman empire, shuffled
along the border of Holland and
Belgium, tne gypsy is seeking nu asylum
in Kngland. As a result parliament has
been asked to take measures to control
him, and newspapers are filled with letters telling of plundered hen roosts and
hedges despoiled to muke wayside fires.
The Balkan lauds, where onco ho roamed so freely, are calling bim a nuisance
and demanding that his passion for
travel be .curbed. They have been trying for years to settle him down in
Austria-Hungary, Prom choice he lives
iu Transylvania; it is wilder land, with
more picturesque spots for him to burrow info the ground nnd more eaves
for him to hide in. Emperor Joseph It.,
who had himself a fondness for life ai
the open, alloted him land und supplied
Sir Charles Hardinge avoided this pitfall by his own character and by the
conditions of his early career in countries where problems arose that culled
fur prompt- decision. He saw thc dangers
of this error in training, and when
the time arrived for him to exercise
control in the Foreign Office he strove
tu correct it by giving to attaches and
secretaries Ihe opportunity of completing their education by exchanging diplomacy for work iu Downing Street,
while their places abroad were taken
for a time In- tiie clerks nt the Foreign
Great gifts and great opportunities
count for little without the talent for
employing them. Sir Charles Hardinge
has tin: three; qualifications, His experience is wide as his temper is serene,
lie has Imagination enough to conceive
great projects und combinations and
solid judgment and unfailing penetration to give1 them more than visionary
splendor. His courage is not mere contempt for censure, and he cannot be accused of that precipitancy which tho
vulgar mistake lor the precision of genius. Whnt he sees he sees clearly and
without the bias of prejudice, and what
ho holds he holds with tenacity. He is
cool and resourceful in success as wort
as in difficulties, and has a talfeut for
temporizing which enthusiasm or indiscretion may count as a weakness. To
these qualities he adds the attraction
nf a distinguished appearance nnd of
charming manners, ami Ihe art of concealing his advantages while discovering enough of tbem to command respect
for his judgment und sympathy with
his purpose. To say this'is to acknowledge that ho has in no common measure that, useful and perhaps indispensable adjunct of statesmanship—the art
of managing men.
Those qualities won for Sir Charles
Hardinge the confidence of King Edward, who attached him to his suite on
his visit to the Continent in 100.". His
late Majesty's anxiety to ensure tho
peace of the world by cultivating
friendly relations among the Powers
was shared by his Minister Plenipotentiary. In the following year Sir Charles
Hardinge wns despatched us Ambassador to St. Petersburg and had an opportunity of giving efl'ect to thc desires
uf his Sovereign. Ilis tusk was difficult
and delicate, for during the wur with
Japan nay overtures would have been
open to suspicion of weakness or of
treachery. Sir Charles Hardinge not
only survived, the terrible ordeal of the
Dogger Bank', when our sunken fishing
smacks seemed destined to become in
reality ships of war, but succeeded in
laying the foundations of un enduring
friendship with Russia, tho effect of
which is visible in the Far East and in
the Middle East.
The retirement of Lord Snnderson
brought Sir Charles Hardinge again to
him with seeds for planting and agricul
tural implements.   He stabled his horses I the Foreign 6fflce"whore hfs" <*reat ox-
in the houses, ate up the seeds and lived  perieuce and wise caution found many
in tents on the ground. Maria Theresa
thought to eradicate the passion for
wondering by prohibiting marriage
among gypsies uud by offering a dowry
to every gypsy maid that would marry
an Austrian. The maidens accepted the
dowry und without the least compunction of conscience disappeared at the
first favorable opportunity, happier Ice
run tbe risks of a precarious livelihood
on the road thun to share humdrum
domesticity with a stolid peasant.
tine.of the very oldest descriptions of
gypsies is that they "do wander about
in every realm and be horrible thieves."
In earlier clays when the country was
sparsely settled they might have preyed
upon farmers aud rural communities,
but today they are under such thorough
surveillance that they can do little else
than wander. The gypsy is not a tramp;
he never paid enough deference tu society to bo either a failure in its ways
ur a traitor to its duties. Bogging with
him is merely a "side issue" that arises
when everything else bus failed him.
Ho lives with civilization because, after
all, like Ihe ,-nt unci dog, he has better
picking than in savagery; but ho is always an alien, however long he may remain in any one country. He does -lot
become accustomed tn the world because the world doc's not become 'accustomed to him; nnd if he were to classify
human being it would be into two broad
divisions; all the rest of the world anil
succeeds Lord Minto as Governor-
General of India, is an admirable
type of the permanent official who administers the British Empire. Some
people—and members of the House of
Commons particularly—imagine we are
governed from Westminster, As a mat-
of fact we are governed from Whitehall and in a largo measure by men
whoso names never appear in a division
list and rarely in a newspaper.
Sir Charles Hardinge is of this class
nf unelccted rulers who through all the
changes aud chances of politics preserve
the chnruetcr and continuity of our public policy. His dutios as Permanent
Under-Secretary at the Foreign Office
may In.' compared with those of the navigating officer iu a battleship. To him
are entrusted the sailing orders, the
charts, and tho steering gear. He must
know  the  position   of  every shoul  und
opportunities for display. His judgment and discretion commended him
to Sir Edward Grey, the Foreign Minister, who shares with his Permanent
Secretary Walpolc's distrust of elaborate schemes of foreign policy and his
hatred of complicated engagements.
King Edward looked to him nt nil times
for advice nnd assistance and made him
a companion in all his'official visits to
the Continental Sovereigns. These missions ns the representative of the Foreign Office excited in Radical minds a
suspicion that Sir Charles Hardinge was
usurping the functions nf u responsible
Minister of the Crown, but no sensible
or -well-informed person gave heed to
such a protest. It was recognized that
Sir Chafles Hardinge's experience of
affairs and his skill in the management of men could not fail to be of service to his Majesty in his interviews
with the German Emperor, the Emperor
of Austria, the Cznr, uml the President
of tho French Republic. This confidence
wns more thun justified, and the work
of Sir Charles Hardinge at the Foreign
Office inspires the hope thnt he may
b'e not less successful in Iho great taslc
that awaits him in India.
ivory  sunken  reef  in   the  oceans,  the  a half.
PLANTS exhale water, and the dew
found on tbem is often nothing
more than their condensed perspiration. .,iany experiments have been
carried out to determine the truth of
this theory. If a plant is entirely en-
cused iu u gluss jar in a few hours the
inside of the jin and the loaves of the
plant will be covered with moisture. It
is no small amount, either, for it is
comparable with man's loss of moisture
in this respect. It hns been determined beyond a doubt that the average
mnn loses about two pounds and a half
avoirdupois every clay from perspiration.
Thero are some plants that exude
moisture by drops. Dr. lluysch states
that an arum which he kept in his garden distilled water drop by drop from
the extremities of its leaves as it was
watered. To M. 0. Musset we aro indebted for the discovery of a similar
property in an edible arum, which,
however, exuded little drops of water in
the form of a jet. From each of the
pores upon the tips of its large heart-
shaped leaves there were thrown every
minute from ten to a hundred drops of
water to a distance of over an inch nnd
''"':-•   ;   Um von Felsing, Student I space'between them is packed   at  the
j top with cotton or ashes, and strips of
paper are pasted all over the cracks.
The floors are made of boards, sawed or
split, out, usually loosely laid and not
nailed down. In coldest weather tho
only ingress for fresh air, aside from
what may got in when doors are opened,
is through cracks whore these boards
havo shrunk apart in drying." Outside
the windows are shutters made of heavv
of Philosopi
"Ernst, (liiinschild, Banker."
The scene occurred nt a cafe, and thc
Count nt once took his departure. After
his excitement had somewhat abated,
and he had had timo to collect his
thoughts, Herr Gruuschild also loft.
Fearing lest his better half might suspect something from his looks, he went
straight  to  his  place  of  business  and
force and direction of the currents and
all tho vagaries of the weather. What
ought to be the qualifications of the mnn
who holds so great a charge'! There is
a certain degree of perfection iu a public servant ns in other human beings
thnt exists only in the imagination. 1
will not do Sir Charles Hardinge the injustice of claiming for him that perfection. His refutation is solid enough to
dispense with embellishments.
The new Viceroy is not of those who
tuke credit for the virtues of their ancestors, Yet he belongs" to a family
that has dono much for tho stute and
whose name has boen made famous in
India by the veteran soldier Sir Henry
(afterwards Lord) Hardinge, who, after
losing his hnnd in the Peninsular War,
was chosen by the East India Company
for the struggle with the groat Sikh
nation. Sir Charles Hardinge will go
to India no .stranger in nume or reputation. For thirty yenrs ho has been
building a reputation in diplomacy aud
administration. Beginning as attache
in 1SS0 he had the fortune to attract
tho notice of Lord Duffcrin, who aiade
him his private secretary while Ambassador in Constantinople.
From that day his advancement has
heen steady, and every step has been
marked hy the lisplav of character and
achievements that justified hi3 progress
toward the highest oflice in the gift of
But the greatest of all vegetable wonders in this respect is what is known as
the weeping-tree, which wns found some
years ago in one of the Canary Islands.
The water fell like rain from its foliage
nnd formed a pond at tho foot.
Some plants collect their moisturo in
littlo cups that serve in many instances
to allay the thirst of passing travellers.
Such, for instance, is the pitcher plant,
which grows in southern Asia. Its
leaves have a strong middle stem, at
the end of which is attached a nice cylindrical cup, which is provided with a
hinged lid. This lid automatically closes
or opens, according to the state of
the atmosphere. During the night tho
lid sinks down and renders tbe cup almost air-tight, and it fills with limpid
water exhaled from tho walls. Dnring
the day the lid is opened and tho water
is wholly or partially evaporated.
In South America there is found a
plant, in the midst of nauseous and
boggy swamps that distils and holds in
cups pure and healthful water. It ia
known as tho purple snrracenia, and
its leaves form the cup bv uniting at
their edges. As a general rule, transpiration nf plants takes place only on
their under surfaces. Knight was the
first to show this. He placed the leaf
between two pieces of thin glass, and
the ono in contact with the under surface was the only one found to be moist.
How Long Do Animals Live?
(Bv  Krnest Thompson  Seton
I ant lived till over half of his secondI gather in great numbers on the roots were in the habit of burying their dead
I century, marrying again in his one bun- of legumes, forming nodules, which are -"' shallow holes scraped in the soil im
[dred and twentieth year, cflntinuing in large colonies of bacteria stored with mediately beyond the limits of the aar
nitrogen.    In exchange for sugar food r,,w strip ol  cultivated Jan.I.    Au a re
whim   the   legumes  give  the  bacteria, \*o\t of placing the body in hot dry sand,
and on which thev thrive, the bacteria n frequently happened that, instead oi
gather uitrogen from the air and feed undergoing a  process of decay,  it   be
it  to the plants as desired.    The plant, r:um' desiccated and preserved in an in
1 -  giving two  per rent,  nf sugar,  re corrupted  form  for an  indefinite  time,
per cent uf nitrogen Tne  ''-"'-al of valuable and  useful  oh
LET us take the familiar insects first
The common house fly is oue of thc
many whose longest life period is
less than a year. Tlie few adults that
survive the autumn, sleep through th«
winter, reappearing in spring. As soon
as warm weather sets in they lay iu
manure heaps, etc., as many as one thou
sand eggs during the season, in six oi
eight hours these white eggs hatch int.
white maggots which arc fully grown
in four or five days, and then'each becomes a pupa in a hard, brown case.
In five days more this opens, aud the
adult fly appears for a season of activity covering several weeks. Most of
the.se die of some disease in early
autumn, but a few are left to hibernate,
and propagate the species again the foi
lowing summer.
Although so long considered harmless
il is now established that the common
house fly is a thousand times more
deadly than the rattlesnake. In New
York City alone this insect causes over
seven thousand deaths each year
through genu transmission nf typhoid
and  intestinal diseases.
The common ttutydld is an interesting
example Of tha grasshopper family. Thu
individuals of this .species are batched
in the'Spring from eggs laid in the au
tumu before; the young go through
several stages of development, reaching
the perfect, form of the green katydid
in midsummer, and sercep, screech, mate
and lay before October, Then all have
done their part: they die, und the race
is represented only by tlie eggs. Thus
their early life and time of growth cover
niuc months, their perfect time but, two
or three, and their whole life a year or
less. Tlie same is true of butterflies;
but here and there a specimen will
hibernate,^and thus appear in two successive seasons.
The mosquito, according to popular
notion, lives but three (lays. Unfortunately this is not so. The common,
abominable kinds that we know have
normally an egg period of three or four
days, a wriggler period of about sixteen days, a pupa stage of live days,
and an adult, stinging, singing time of
several weeks, maybe three months.
Occasionally one winters over, as in the
case of butterflies. But the average
life of the familiar mosquito is two to
three months.
Queens of the honey bees live one or
two years, J)ut some have beeu kept
alive for jive yenrs.
Sir John Lubbock, for research purposes, kept female ants, one for thirteen
years, another for fifteen years.
The thirteen ami seventeen year locust derives its name from the probability that toe broods are thirteen and
seventeen years respectively in maturing, although the perfect and winged
stage lasts less than a month.
AU these, however, are exceptions, as
most insects complete their round of
life iu less than a year.
One of the most singular cases in the
insect world is that of the common May
fly, whose whole term of life has thus
been well described: "In the early
twilight the young May fly floats from
the bottom of the lake to the surface,
or crawls up on tbe bank; the skin
splits, the fly conies forth full fledged,
joins its thousands of issuing companions, whirls and dances, mates, drops its
masses of eggs ou to tlie lake surface,
aud soon nutters aud falls after the
eggs. It takes no food and dies without seeing a sunrise," This is the glorious finish in a few hours of a two or
three years' inglorious life among the
roots and pebbles at thc bottom of the
Fishes are the lowest of tho familiar
forms that are known to be long-lived,
Lampreys in tish ponds have reached
the age of sixty years, aud under similar conditions pike and carp bave lived
to oue hundred and lifty years, tiesner
■relates that a huge pike in a Suablan
lake had lived at least two hundred and
sixty-seven years, as was shown by the
inscription on a ring which it bore—a
ring still to be seen in .Mannheim. These
examples neither contradict nor sustain
the rule that life is live or six times
the period of growth, as Ashes seem to
grow indefinitely, though slowly, after
tbey arc mature enough to breed.
The age of a young salmon is easy to
get at. Thc scales with which it is
covered are never slied, but are enlarged with the growth of the individual by
annual expansions, each around its original nucleus; and a careful examination
with a low-power lens enables us to
count these, aud thereby compute the
age of the fish. Not only is its age indicated, but also the number of times it
has spawned, nud even the years on
which this function took place are clearly recorded. Exceptional eases are
seen in some of the Pacific salmon.
These are hatched iu the small streams
of their native river and go to the sea.
When four years old they return in
swarms, re-ascend their river, spawn at
once, and all die; the parents and thc
young never see each other.
The gigantic salamander of Japan has
been kept till at least fiftv-two years
Turtles are higher in the scale than
fishes, and therefore loss likely to increase indefinitely in size, but they also
have a sort of taily-stick of age on their
persons. This is in the lines of growth
on the edges of their shell plates. These
lines on a common snapping turtle show
that it becomes an adult at five years,
and fully grown at ten, at which time
it weighs nine or ten pounds. Indefinite
growth may continue, but toward the
end of a very long life the shell record
is practically indecipherable. A particularly interesting case is that of tlie
great Galapagos turtle in tlie New York
Zoological Park. The evidence of tlie
rings of growth shows that this creature
is not less than two hundred and fifty
years old. aud apparently is still growing, though vfery slowly.
The crocodile also is noted fnr growing throughout practically the whole of
the one hundred years of life that are
said to be its common term.
Next higher in the scale are tlie birds.
The general impression is that a bird
lives in full vigor for ten or twelve
times the period of growth. This is
more nearly true of the smaller birds
than of the larger, and calculation is
hampered by these facts: First, that the
wild birds do not usually reach old age,
because as soon as their powers begin to
decline tfiey are picked off by their enemies; second, in caged birds, whose
•ages can be absolutely fixed, we do not
know how much tho longevity is due to
human interference  and  protection.
Take as n basis the small species of
tho sparrow tribe. They arc adult in
six months, continue in vigor five or six
years, but in captivity may live to be
twenty or twenty-five years old.
Canaries often reach twenty years in
cages, and a cardinal that T once knew
was strong and hearty, though obviously very old, at twenty-five.
The robin is adult in six months, and
apparently old at sis or seven years,
full manly vigor until one hundred aud
thirty, ind dying in London, when summoned by the Kiue, in 1635, wheu one
hundred and fifty two years and nine
months obi. not uf old age apparently,
tint killed by the new and riotous mode
of living. The overeating and drinking
nf the Court proved too much for the
but 1 have seen one that was ten years i"1'' "l;,h- '* is f »'•' £ presume from his
old. ami analogy would lead us to be- Pa? ,!**• **** bad he staved at home
lieve that iu captivity robins mav live Jnd U.Vl'l[ luJ wmPle. Ilffi he "ll«ht "J?1
to be twenty or tweutViive years "old. I ,ave 11bee? tm,,s untimely cut oil. lie
A pair of wrynecks", presumably the j Kl(1 ilvt"' under """' KlM^ ,,r EnS
same, came back  for sixtv vears to thoi      ! . .    ,, ,'        ., ,    .
same nesting-hole. '   * ,   Sow>   with   this   evidence   before   us.
Of a pair of iiarbarv doves, one lived !»'»* about our clock.' Does it run down
twenty-three vears. and the other is! "\ ti,1nH> or "llir bours because the
living  vet  in full   vigor  at  thirty. : wheels wear out   <.r because we do not
V collared dove, adul, in half a year,! """P. t^m cleanf   Every fact that we
i reached the age of forty years. \,:'dl\ b^S to bear in evidence helps us
•arrets are less than a year in grow-   to l?1'110™ tuat tue machine in each nor
Parrots are less tnun a year in g
ing, and yet have reached eighty years
before death.
A  raven  has  lived  sixty-nine years
aud a heron sixty years,
mai case was wound up to last perhap:
tenfold the time of the winding, and
those who clean ami oil the wheels aud
protect them   from   violence  need   have
" A.~Cssiniae'eoiae'hia reached  fifty-j "° .fef °* 'he.r e"!-v '',.""lin>*' '''T',.
.seven year*; an ordinary goose, eighty      A»d ,"'h;,t   '" * ''s. ?**,?& .  I , °
•        ' .   b      i    k   .   c(*gBf   We uie teilil that all diseases ure
A. pair of I'rul owls   are   alive   at :" two «r""',s' ttnoBS0 .°*.'7,'''''',, i'',??
twenty-two years aud still vigorous; a "n\"r F^»re "'. '""' u!"):     V    T
Upp owl has lived twenty-seveu years, tnat r''sul,  ,,',"",'  m**??ra%'" ".» ''',"!'*
i i i i*i* 'est sense.       hat is, there is revived tor
and an eagle owl nearly seventy years. ..     ......     , ..  '    . .  ...     ,,   .*
.     , , ■ ■    , ,'    ,     • •* i     , us the Biblical thought that all disease
A comior is ou record as having reach- »   •     4.   t ,,    b        *      i •   ,.    *•
•il fiftv-twi   vears IS        sln; there are two kinds ot
,,    ,    i    * ,'  ''  i .   ,.     ,.   , Bin, omission and commission, or  ties
Baffles have been known    o   ive forty-    . , ,,    .  L»     ,   4,     '- .,
■ - ,H .....    ..          , ,...,                    , *     eel and crime; iha the latter is nearly
eighl, fifty-five and  httvsix vears,  but i    ..          *   ,   .    '       . ...               ■          ',
. ,b             "i,            ,.,    .*     ..,*         \        ! eliminate*!   in   most wild   annuals,   and
are reasonably credited  with one nun- z.    ,.                     . ■,   ... ,            •   .i
■ ■ .......    • j the former is warded on by man m the
.•*'',        ,1 i cases   of   the   lone- lived   captives   men
A   swan   has   lived   seventy   years;   a   ,*        , .,   .  .,       ■■       ,-,   ., <     ,
, .        . ■   l    ., ' tinned, so thai   lliev   live till   the   wheels
Whooper swan has been sixty three vears . '
in captivity, a.lult  wIiimi caught, a'ii(l  is! ni" 'r!1;.    i     ,i ui     in
....   '.       ■' b    ' t)ur  little  brothers, our  blood   km  ol
still  \ igorouB. ... j        i .i i
.       A.    .       t    .       ,. ,        i,      . like  needs  and   pnssiuns     the  animals
A white headed vultuie has lived one ■• ■     ' •        .   ,.    ,
.       ,     .        i    ■  ■ . live,  as  we  have seen,  six,  eight,  ten.
hundred  and eighteen   veurs. .        , ., ', ,.,..      .■
...    ,. ,, fa ',. „,, twenty,   yes,  some  ot   them   fifty   times
All  ot   these  were captives.     I here   is .. J ■', ,   ,   ,.       .,   •     a   ii    i       i
■ a      . iu 4.    i.i    j thfl  period   needed   for their    ull  dove
im  record a case ot a  wild turtle dove '   .       .     .. ...        .   . ..
.,,.._, ., , opulent.    Is there anvthtiig inherently
that   appeared   on   the   same   grounds    lit, .■   ■.  ■■ 5 .*,  ,
1 '    . »   ,.     i     absurds   then,   in   the   beliet   that    man,
each vear lor tweutvone vears. A   inal,   . •   ,,    i i   * mi
. •',„.        ,. *,   .     .. ■'   too,   might   have   a   somewhat     parallel
mosl,  interesting case  is that oz  a  pair '.-     K.. ,.   ,.     .... , - ' ,
..  ,       . n? ... ..       '    ,    continuation   of   his   hie    unctions  ,-uid
ot   herring gulls,  reared   Irom  the  nest,       ..   ,,,/.
,    .      ii i   t-       i rm ii      ,   .    i activities.'
but   allowed   treedom.      I hev   lived   in i      ,, -,••      a n        m.i
..       -  .    ,. j ., Doctor    it u   Ting tang,   the     ( hinest
vigor ior BlXty-flve years, and then were j x«,'„;0+„r   :..
lost sight of on the death of their
', As the gull i.s much less than a year
iu growing, and these were not confined
in any wuy, it is one of the most valuable records of all.
The conclusion to arrive at is that
while we have not enough good observations for giving the average lifetime
of wild birds the evidence of caged
specimens goes to show that these creatures may live twenty to forty times
the period of their growth, and the
cases of the wild turtle dove aud the
herring gulls seem to indicate that there
is nothing abnormal in the longevity of
the captives.
Our interest naturally quickens as we
come to the group in which we, as hu
mans, find ourselves. The mammals, our
companions and kinsmen, are safer examples of what we should expect.
Dogs, for example, are two years in
growing, and authorities agree on fifteen to twenty as the old age attained
by dogs and pigs. Ulysses's dogs, presumably full grown before the hero
went away, recognized his master after
twenty years' absence.
Gats, on the other hand, mature in
one year, but live to be twenty.
The hare is fully grown iu one year
and old at seven, but I know of one
that reached twelve.
Squirrels grow for live or six months,
are old at six years, but have lived to
be eight.
.Mice grow for three months and have
lived till six years.
The wild boar is said to reach twenty- |
live years, the lion thirty-five years, aud
the bear forty years.
Sheep mature iu two years, are con-'
sidered old at eight to ten, but have
reached fifteen years. These are the
man-made, domestic breeds, There is
good evidence — in the rings on their
horns —■ that the wild sheep reach at
least   double these ages.
Similarly the age tally that each of
the horned cattle has in its horn rings
offers some incontestable evidence. Cattle are adult at three years, aud attain
the age of twenty, with a possibility of
thirty or forty.
The same is true of the American
The camel is four or five years old
when mature, old at fifty, but may live
to eighty.
Horses are three or four years in
growing, and live to be fifteen or twenty, with a possibility of growing to forty years, although they rarely attain
that.     Still,   t he   famous   horse   '' Old
Minister, is over sixty, yet young and
strong. According to a recent interview, he expects to return to America
and have another look at things, in fifty
years from now, Tor he believes thai
(Hire food, pure air, and pure thoughts
surely spell strength and verv long
life. '
Of one fact there is little doubt—few
men live their full term.    Longevity is
ceives ninety i>      , _-_—, -,-,,,, . ,,     ,   , TX7I KX we h.-ure  that    nele Peter       ll.e'ie I saw bow il was.   **iic ei imil,
.-    .,       e „,.,„,.;..        U'l.,.„   e-,.,,t*   „,'   let   i    e'e't-*    Wllle    I lie'    ■ I. -:,.l    nu   iil;cJ\       c'e      I"      W . ., , c-       c       e Er
■  'ue bacteria,    wnen roots eet i.-n i -' . yy      t ,,,  ,,,,,.   „-,,-,    never  seen-   mat  urn    jpver jiisch   I nele  Ice   girane
nines die  iu  the ground, Hi" nitrogenUrave "■''I'"';'' vbieh was already i      ,T     ™f_, _. ..
which the bacteria have already gather-\"}ou  ••*■  •■ arl'e"*   ■'""""  prehistoric
ed and stored in these little bunches or tuue8 '" Kf->l''- -*•*'• plundering „:
nodules on the roots is given to th,* soil, graves must have taughl tbe people ai
which is then rich in nitrogen. When:1".1*-"' thnl the torces oi nature were
the next crop is planted in that soil, ni | "nv" HuflJeienl tee preserve* a dead body,
atter what crop it uiay be. nitrogen is  J**,.*-      W/J'  "   '"'':l""' ;l   lmlt  '"'  ,h'
the  |,c
I     t.,|.|
nitrogen.   Therefore, it is ice the farmer's  advantage,  to  tne  advantage  of
the world, to encourage the increase in
growth ot' these nodules.
The more nodules thnt ure formed in
.'lied   eet    HgyptiaUS tee  I'e'fJUIel   tlld pl'C
miii;' over em Christmas  Day,  :el!
lee first thing we thought ..i" was e*lie-iii       --Traitor!" I  >i. —.-*i at  lier.
•r he'd  leiin;; u- nnv   presents, nnd.  it       Then I teeld tin- . *; Ji.- r-. .end they iciv-
-ee, what they '■! iee. ■■'!  ' 'Traitor!  " t
li   turned  out, from   what   tic  pater   tlee-cc i.. I„- ijuiet.
end   niatei   -ui.l.  thut   he  evee-  n  queer      "Well, now I'll tell you about my lit
.<*!] eet' ii chap.    Written a lneeek ecu eti    lie joke,*' -nel  1'iie'i,-  peter, trying te,
 I   He.- bod}    c- ti ic.liii.ei, Iqnette, which  I'll t.-l! you, in .use youi make believe In- wasn't  wild.    --I give
of the attainment of immortality haven't gol a dictionan- handy, .- ■■ |   you those toys on purpose, t.. -.■■■ which
■"li iirlv   Egyptians  learned   that  u"*nner8- ,;  I'uu would have the | teuess to say
the   body   when   placed   in  u  coffin  or      He was jolly well off, t  from what 1   * Thank you!   nicely.    I m sorry to say
buried   in  a   rock   tomb usually  under >""M hea,r.' "" "'' :"'*-:-" '" ba,vc  *** ll"j!  K'1"i1' ";" "."    ■   '""'''
[he roots   the more nitroffcn Ts "fe'd to I weut / docoml*ositiou.     It   was  a   wide-  ?* »<"*'ething pretty d nt.    I thought      ,■-    tl,,-.'.,
tie  roots, tin   more   nirri^cii   is  lie   io i   .   ..   .    ,   ,t   wlls a   |„.:,stlv  shnme   I   couldn t   let        I hen he tiieeh sec
the*   plant,  und   this   makes   the  plant 18Pra",u ,' .,'■     "'    "'"'"     Bte  1|" : i.:„.    e   ...-..., 	
grow mure healthily; makes the foliage
deeper iu color, more abundant, uud nl'
greater t'ceeid value; the roots strouger
and longer; mid the stalks taller aad
w money 'cut eef
ttesh'—hence   the    word    sareoVhairus" I "'"■  u,;""   '   -vantod •'"l aeroplane like I his pocket, and gave it to us—two shil
.    .,       .   I ... . . I       «     ' ' al..,.-  .'..II    De.-I.al.. ' '■
nnd  sixpence e;ce-h. except  Edith;
Artificial mummification, therefore had  ""J,* -,'11""' Bler,ot *    ,
its origin in nn utt pt to deprive the    ,""'•   •■'".''»''•'.*'•   "''   decked   that   we
grave of its victory.' 5h?.uld :'" uav,e.to -"''  '"'" "",",'"'l",";:'
If this hypothesis is correct, evidence Mltb    ~!l" :s,tll"'t.  "■";"' "1'!"'th""
,,„,„,.,„ Is h, transferrii in „ I'"' •""balming would naturally I.,- found  me' bu' :! prl, «o it really doesi. t coun
,■',,*;     i'   cm   ,, se, s ,,i      .   cm    ■ soon after the invention of rock tombs.      ,"/',"""' "'""^ ,"m ° "1'"'k""; ''.'I', '       ,   , ,
rurh soil trom some sections ot the coun- umui,   ,- c   ; ■,.     told her to think of something sensible.      And fancy culling his first biIIi   pre-
tr.v where these bacteria flourish to new \*»}    l""'   Bml^   ' '."■'"■   ">   ""'   ' • !''" '     |„ ,,„ ,, ,  „„,  K BWaKgt?r , ,    „,„.,  „,,<„:
localities, to mix with workod-oul  soil,  JJ"*"™   "".''" '"'" .'"  ^"""'L"1", "" ' >'•  «■'»'■ '■"<  =-'' '""',  Polly   (ele,        V ^  idea of ee  ,.,!,, | call n      M,d
ave been mude.   Sometimes the export-1tlmu '"'I1'"   j">"  l''1 ■     "  wa" "'"- ■  I  strong tobacco   what  I sa*.  is, nc that .■ .ur Xoah's
and  sl"-  ■--'et  ;c  whole tecjvereign!    Only
half  it   crown   tee  me'     Why.  it   elieln 'i
even pa} leer the tobacco pouch I bought
hiin. much  less leave anythiug for my.
me,, is successful; in.ere often,  river, I»J™ "^^ "•«t»'J« bf««f» ''"' j '2\rt\,Z ''-,•„!   .lc  gardener" for,  undlark   pi, seats io'him" we7e ^^7^1
sen,,, harmful Ingredienl  o    the soil ,-j      .'„.-,;,„ ,        ,'     "  T\ ''"   B Id   [who's  ten  md   ver,   sole. ' I he h dn't  have got  rattv al t.
also Spread to the new soil.    II oh | '•"'," '   ""empt"  nl   embalming   wore|; .,..
ive made  Edith  -Iccc oul.
sute  wny   is to apply  healthy   bacteria
lirect  to the seeds of the crop befor
mosl    an.'lent    actual
uuiii u cigar cutter.
,, -      ., ",,        A   iee||\-  narrow squeak   it   was, t
mummy  in  the  Cairo  Museum.    .Mum ....     ■'
lie, ie.
.,..,..,„    ...     Hue    Keelclc, I     1,1.1     I*,,..     I We   WCl'l    II 11   eel    II-   IIC'.'C ll I    I.I eel.e.   I.nl    WO I tllC     -,.'. el e'i" ll     Cl 11 e| IVII I.I-.     llllt      Id     llll
Plantlng-to inoculate  the  « Is  with  » «» •       "' ^- ;'"  ■   " "'    • -I       >>■'    .   . , ,, t,  ,  , .,,„ ,,„„,, ,,„. u:l. , ,„„,,„. ,„„,
h""""'"'      »'""''      »'" I    ?!      '""'"«"" ■   ■'.    1, V ,  '"''    "     "'■     ''        "■"•;"■    Of, Se.ifllC      1'1,,'le.   I','.,',.    : ic il,.'i-
t   n>    *l   I"    tn    t Veil     1n    I   ii>    irrnU'lliir     " -'g'■'    ' U-ll    11    \\ .1 .-*   1.1 it     i(l*--l I Of     it   1 Mi\ I' '   ,.
IIM   ■l"   ,"   '""   l0  ""   arowingj ^e    ..tJ1     ,    .   . '   . didn i linppeu to snioki*, we were fan
]\  mj. ii tree; hul we had tn chance that.
roots "iilo'iu  without   reduciuji il
In' I'.hh,  with  tho Bauction  of Con I"";1 lM,Ull,'r-
gress and the Becrotary of Agriculture,       ',"'  ,m,l.v "l tllG l;,,.V;ii ( "ll
u thorough investigatim. of the leirumeI Surgeonh is Lherel
bacteria, which were originally ;i dis
covery of German scientists, wns undertaken by Dr. George T. M v. the Oor
in mm process of Inoculation having
proved unsatisfactory, Dr, .Moore discovered a process of drying the bacteria, and claimed thus to he able to
preserve them indefinitely. This method
was successful, but it becomes necessary
tn bring the dried bacterin bach to life
and activity before the seed can be inoculated. Ami in awakening the nitrogen gathering bacteria, it is necessary
to prevent the growth of other bacteria
such as moulds) yeast, etc. The government mel hod proved cumbersome for
the farmer ami small gardener, the directions  difficult,  and   tho   bacteria  did
re mure than eleven
ui tn ie- older than auy other actual
I mummy, thai is i" say, nol more bones,
' hitherto found.    To quote further
not an accident, but is the ripe fruit of
careful planting and culture, and we are! not always "awaken,*'
more and more amazed at the results After ininh experimentation, Dr. <i.
such wisdom may procure. Thus the Knrp-Tlionias, of IJIoomfield, X..I., has
idea is Trowing in many quarters that carried the art of cultivating and pre
the great, ages of the Biblical patriarchs) serving bacteria to a point where every
were not, as the so-called higher critics farmer in the country can make use of
'     lit
4|;  i   e .Srki t l ■
h   wouldu 'i   I ir   fault.     We'd   U'»i
him presents;  if he couldn 't  ii»»' t hem,
t Iml was his own \<>n\, out.
On   Christmas   morning   we   were   all
hanging  aboul   uenr  t he  nindow
"Prof. Klli.et Smith thinks il  highly : "" ','''i'."'1' :' :'^'\'" ll"" :'",'  "!
probable   that   attempts  al   embalming  K","i ,'"  "   '"""u   'e was.    Presently a
Ivor ide during the six or seven ceu-1 ?nb drovo  "''' '•""l  h" •-",,  oul    """'<
turles before the date ussignod te. the
iiiniiiinv in tjuestiou, which is supposed
tn be thnl of a high official called Bane
fer. The reason why this mummy has
erne* down  to eeur times in  such  u  r
in^e. teeec. su thai  was all gay!    Seemed
pretty decent to look at- a fat red face,
veu know the sort
Well,  in   he enme  and  sl k  hands
Witli    Ull    eef'  lis.    alld     Ui-lll'el    LIS    Cl    !!Jfll\
/  i KXI-.H VI, SIH   I \\  B.   M.  II.Will.
U    TON,  Lord   Kitchener's  succe ■
:e-  ln-| tor lleneral ol  thc ' Ivor
-ea  forces, lias  ti service since I87W:
in the Afghan War: the Majubn t'am
puign; tin* Sinidaii Expedition of |ss|:
the I'.utuia War; ehitral uml Tirall K.\
peditions; un.l the South African War,
ulcere he fought at Elandslaagte aud
at Ladysinith, led flying coIuiiiiih, .'eml
I...'id Kitchener's Chief of-the Staff.
markably good state of preservation is  Chriatmaa,   and     we    said.  "Same   to   »« aj-con pained the .lapanesd Army ot-
that it „r,,„'i, , Lard and thick I -*'">•• '»        Manchuria, and or d  as
carapace  of  resinous  paste  which   had      '.'lil"ss  "'>' B :      '"'  Ba "'     y°" rH ' Lf ,i   ^      ""'     '","'       <  ,   ,     ■
been molded, when soft, into the form I'I11'1" «''"»„ „,,.    I ve broughl some III      !'""'''   "'   ^ola,   his      .Snapshots,
of the  body]    The  head and  luce  hnel'"''  presents  for you,  but   I   I   y.„,'''•»   officers  of the  day   hue „   a
11 ne   presents   tor   you,   out   i   iiopt
heen particularly well modeled;-"the wis won'1   t,mik  ,,,,'V'1V  "'"  JuvoniIp' '    ' ' thJ!e of Sir !;"1 s WttJ experiences.
■  ' SI know children havo altered ti good deal       |,,,r »«'"« time past  he has heen  Ad
since my young days." jutant-Gonernl at   thc   War Oflice,  aud
Fancy 'calling   mc   ;i   child!     I   was  uaa :i"  ^oioat   unrivaled  knowledge of
ready   for almost   anvthing  after  that.  *"c administration of the Army. lie was
Not   for   the   tnings'he'd   brought   ns, | "discovered."  in  u   military  sense,  by
was faithiully represented, and colored
1 in two with resinous paste painted on
the surface of the mask; the features
(the uose is now destroyed) were care
fully   fashioned:   the  eyes   (pupils,  ey
lids and eyebrows)  wore indicated  by
ihough.    iVo—nol quite!
I Karl  Roberts,  who  remains
nf   his
"This is for vou. mv dear," he said |closest friends; while his services were
to Edith, handing her a box. especially asked for by Lord Kitchener
When she opened it ,-tud found a ;'" enable him to bring the South Afri
stuffed doll, I thought I should have can war to u close. The Litter once
split to see the funny face she made, declared thai there wns nol a general
Only just then he passed me over ;i ;'" the Army who. when .ailed upon to
humming-top, and I was so absolutely form his staff for a campaign, would
disgusted thai I forgo! all aboul Rdith not first of all write down "Second in
for quite a minute. Upon un word, r Command, General Sir Ian Hamilton."
could hardly take the thing, ' When he gets to Malta General Ham
Sn.\JK practical rules for avoiding Dolly came next, and she had u boxUlton will be close to the land of liis
discomfort in hot weather are giv-1 of puzzle bricks; and she was so long. birth, seeing that he was burn in Greece,
on by W. J, Cromie, instructor lujsaying "Thank  von!"  thai   I  thought  says  M.A.I',    lie  i- tie- "silenl   man''
she'd never gel it out, I guessed Ron- of the Army, and is even more taciturn
aid's before it was opened by the shape, in his manner than is Lord Kitchener.
, A hoop, it was. and a wooden cue, tool i There are many amusing stories told
over-eating, u fault to which those en i puter and mater had come in by t hen, j of the manner in which these t wo econ
gaged in sedentary occupations are 0r I really don't know what we should omized their words when working to
specially prone, lt is true that the se- have done. We were sort i.i struck I gother in South Afric"
deiitary man needs food as much as the
laborer, but owing to muscular iunctiv-
Racing at the Fair—(Jo ming up for the Start
hold, the continuation of dynasties that
bore one name, out were actual ages of
veritable individuals, the men who
lived nearer to the truth than we do,
And -"here is no reason why we might
not at least greatly extend our days by
paying heed to our way of life. •
We have all hoped to hear that the
"elixir of life" is a pill or a drop of
some sort to be taken, after which perpetual youth is conferred instantly and
without trouble. But we know right
well that this is not the way of Mother
Nature. The set-ret is in a higher habit
of life.    We must  not expect  to kee|
that.     btUl,   tlie   lamous   horse   "Uld*.,       ,    , ■       ■      ■ '        ■ '
.....    ,,     .. > . i-i     i      i     ■■   . I the  clock  going  nv  simplv giving it  a
Billy,     of  Manchester.  England, died,.   .       , H    *. «   ^.m-'i       *i i
..  .■     .. .   . ,       »       fa 'Ishake.    We must establish a  thorough
it is said, aged sixty-one. ,
Elephants are fully grown at twenty
aud are old at one hundred, but some
times attain one hundred and lifty, and
are credited by the Hindus with three
hundred years of life. *
Whales also appear to be long lived,
at least equalling the periods of the
elephants, Evidently there is a relation
between bulk and longevity,
The sum of all available observation (
on the lives oi mammals indicates that
i normal individual, guarded from violence, lives to bc eight or ten times as
old as the period needed for it to attain
full stature, aud that frequently this is
extended to double as long.
Now is there any lesson in the ages
)f the mammals for us, as human beings, to learn9 Is it possible, for ex-
mple, for a man or woman to live relatively as long ns au animal? Let us
fhe textbooks tell us that a man is
twenty years growing; he is old at
ighty nnd near his end. That is, at
tho best, a man lives three or four times
the length of time he needs to attain
maturity. In other words, it takes hiin
one hour to wind the (dock ami three or
four hours to run it dowu. We have
soon that the animals have a tremendous advantage here; it takes them ono
hour to wind their clock, or grow to
maturity, and then they go right on nnd
live ten, fifteen, and twenty times their
period Of growth. What is the trouble
with man's clock? Evidently it is either a badly constructed or it is very
ther badly constructed or it Is vory
tion iu the world today that the clock
is all right, but horribly misused. It.
stops after three or four hours because
lever oil it, and we never give it the
slightest protection from dust und dirt.
Now is this so where man really lives
according to natural laws? The fact
that many men havo lived to be over
one hundred years of age would seem to
prove that man can live just as long as
the mammals if he would only take care
of the clock. T rememeber well an old
Irishman in tho backwoods of Canada
who was one hundred and seven when
he died—hale and hearty to very near
the end. Hippocrates, "The Father of
Medicine," was credited with an age
of one hundred apd nine years. These
people and the ages to which they lived
are on record:
Margaret Patten       137
Thc Countess of Desmond   ....145
Thomas Parr    162
Thomas Damme      154
John Rovin       172
Peter Torton  185
While it is believed that some of
those ages have been much exaggerated,
yet there is no question that each and
all attained far over thc ono hundred.
In the case of Thomas Parr, for exam-
pie, there seems that this English peas-
system of cleansing, oiling, and protection. Then we shall have a right to
expect that the human clock, like these
clocks of our brethren of the air and
woods, may run twenty times the time
nf winding. If mankind today would
walk the wiser way it could live a life
just, as long as that ascribed to certain
patriarchs of old.
(By Katharine Nowbold Birdsall)
THK high price of foodstuffs, which
bears heavily upon the poor aud is
felt even by the rich, has beeu
made tho subject of • considerable investigation. Doubtless each of the
many reasons assigned contributes its
share towards this increase. An ounce
of prevention is, in a case of this sort,
as in all others, worth a'pound of cure;
and if might, perhaps, be wise I'or us
to go back to lirst principles—back to
the ground—fur the possible cause, as
well as to apply the prevention,
The    most    expensive   ma nu rial   sul
pure bottled bacteria, alive and healthy
and ready for use, which he feeds to his
seeds before planting, instead of working expensive nitrogen fertilizer into
the   ground.     The   bacteria   on   a   good
ity he is not as capable of converting
his food into assimilable materials, If
he eats two or three times the amount
the system requires, says Mr. ('ronm,
it will nol l.e properly digested, and
will cause fermentation, and if this bei,i(Mir_
allowed to continue for some time, it "Look I;
poisons the system and eventually
causes indigesl ion, nervousness, and
sleeplessness, It is while iu this condition that one suffers from extreme heat,
'' I ii   warm   went her,  meats,  nils,  and
fats should be reduced to a minimum or
omitted entirely, aud fruits, vegetables
and cereals should  be substituted.    The)
lirst   and   best   way   to   keep  cool   is  to
dumb, and we'd forgotten al) aboul theI    On   one  occasion   there   was  a   little
smoking things for Uncle Peter.    Then | village   that   had   been   causing   some
I saw Edith remember, but before sh
could say anything 1 nudged her tn
come outside. So she nudged Ronald,
and he pinched Polly; and out we went
into Ihe breakfast room, and locked the
t of inconvenience to our lines
ot' communications by persistent ''snip
ing." The two Generals mel to discuss
the  situation.
■■What   shall   we   du.'-'   a-k.-d   Kitch
j ener.
this  isa  bit      "Blow   it   to   bits,"   replied   Sir   Ian
too thick.    What are we going lo do.'"! Hamilton,
"It'll   be  a   little   bit   useful."  said      "Blow away, then." retorted  Kitch
Ronald, holding up his hoop.   "I want    ener,  ami   the  consultation   was  ;it   -in
ed one to make a head screen for taking  end,
portraits- in tin- garden.    If  I  cover it j
U''%h\i7Vp'" I told him "Now FRASER IS BIG IN ALL WAYS
everybody, the question i>, aie we go nillK Honorable Duncan Cameron
ing to give him our presents or not i" \ X. Eraser, Lieutenant Governor of
I'Mitli and Dolly said they supposed' Novn Scotia, is. his numerous
we'd better, as they weri-n'l mm-li use 'friends throughout Canada will be pain-
to us.    Ron*Id said it soei 1 a waste, ed to learn, in poor health at the pres-
That's what I thought. My pouch had enl time aud, after consulting a special-
cost three shillings, and the wretched ist in Montreal, lias retired to the quiet
humming lop looked worth about nine of hi- country home in Ouysboro, the
Ipence, so J was pretty mad. Then I had county he represented in the Federal
i ripping idea. j Parliament  for many years.
"You know thai   old  Noah's ark,"  I       Governor Eraser is an ardent disci pi 0
  .said- "the one thai   llonnld  had  when  of l/aak Walton. He luces to catch Msl.
the   formation   of   Hie   nodules   on   the|:n7  nip:is,llvs  werQ  adopted.     Feeding,   j10 w;is n liM;    [fs still upstairs in the  ■   fresh  water  flsh and  salt   water  Qsh.
roots and select onlv the healthiest bac-1 with mauy mothers, is thet panacea for  ell],hoard.    What do vou say if we each I     |). ('. Fraser is one of Pictou county's
all ills. When a child cries trom the ,.lk(I ;||1 Unimal and give it to Uncle big men. lie is big iu stature, big in
ellocts of having been overfed this sur- poterj That ought to teach him a les- heart, big in his convictions, and if I
foi ting process is repeated -very often | S01]jm | M1!|V uho ,,.,, toriIlj |)ig •,. ,,.,, ftffecti0ns
The girls were frightened, of course,   of all   Nova Scotians.
  A  Liberal of tho old school, n trench
transferred to  ther bottle containing I !*'   ]\"i]\ .tllM"    sa}10.rs   in    sn.n . wntor' I bullied them into it, and told them the}
a bed of jellv. which preserves the bac-PVlu,e V"8 !9 l,T0?W '' ra?lca!I!stato*   must do it   for the honor of the house
teria for Vears.    The neck of the bottle   !nent.' stiIttho best baby-l nod, milk, ca u   Sl) ,„, ,,-,,, .m Repliant, and gave Edith
and  the needle are. during tho process,  Jf PveI1,*? T',ss' anrt Pf0VG m3"no»8'   a  girafie, ami   Dolly  a   lion.     I   bagged
passed   through   llnme.   to   destroy   any  Ifc 1S POBitlvoly criminal to food bab.es! Mj.s   Vl.lh
foreign substance.   The bottlo is corked |on  ""':tl> liml  '.V1'1'"'  lru,tR' C8P0cmi|y      "Vou     first,"    sai.l     Dolly,    "you
Im ,,          .,    ,.   ,.,.     ,,       h    i  avoid heavy and stimulating foods, and
crop will thorough v fertilize the ground ! .         .    „ r,                 ,     ,.    f. ,■  ,
,.   ' t. ,     .4.1                      -ti     ..     ■            to reduce   he ainoun    o    other articles
tor at least three vears without reiuocu-I   0 V? 1  .     .*   ,            ,                   ,  ,.      ,
■ .•       n    ,,      ,.,',              ,i „.   -     ,4..    i ot (let to that merely required for the
latum. Dr. Earp-Tuomus collects healthy        .                ..  ..     , •,     ',,  ..    .     ,.
.     t            ,      '       ,             *•   i ii          V    sustenance  ot   the   bodv.   Kefrain   from
bacteria  wherever he can  find them al*|."£„„. t ,    ,.   :t   ,.
ready    llourisning,   takes   them   to   hi
laboratory,   puts   1 hem   iuto   glass   jar
intoxicants  and   decre
ll'ce,   and  condiments.
or  avoid   tea.
witli a gelitinous nluiil food unci legiuno      "A large poi-contugo of tl lies ,s
aoeds, and testa their power under scion-! ,',1,"'S71 by, ,l,,llll""lp peases, muny oi
till,'   conditions.    Tliqre   he*   can   ,Vil1,h   "'hiceh could lee ,»n.v,*u,.clil prcc'ciuie,
teria for distributing. In preparing
the bacteria for farm and garden use,
a needle is thrust into this pure breed
of bacteria, ami comes out laden with
thousands of thom,    These are quickly
with disastrous results.   A noted doctor
lms  a»i(I  tbal   more  1 ies are drowned I ,,„,   |;llli;ild  thought   it   was great, so u
than    sailors    in    salt _ water. | uum0d thom into it, and told them they
with    a    patent    rubber  cork   through
in   tin1  summer.
thought   of it.
which  a   glass  tube   runs,  su  tha*   air!     Nfxt tho iiutlmr takes up the subjocl       «'^0," I said.   "The eldest first. Gel
can   reach   the   bacteria.     The   tube   is'".1   I'lothtng,   which   he   says   should  be n^g.   \.'A[0_    \(1  shirking!    Just   ha.el
stopped   with   cotton,   which   prevents  J'Rni ,mtl1 '" nmtennl ami color during it ,,, ,1MI1  witll  .j..lst  wi8hc8 .lM,| co,„
the entrance of foreign germs,    lu this   l,n| weather, nlthough when one becomes |(|imCiits   of   the   season.'     The   others
bottle millions id' bacteria breed, exert-  overheated, heavy clothing, such as an mnrtt 11li?|k ,„• Bomething else to say."
ing themselves to absorb nitrogen  from   "Vorgarmont    or   a   sweater,   should   be       g,]fl Wnn|(ll|-t   :|,   (iMi |Hl1   WG Openod
the air which filters in through the cot-1 Imt  ""   '"   l,n'VrMt   catching   cold.     He |1m, drawing ruom  door and   fairly  bun
ton.    The   jellv contains  no  uitl'Ogon—  goca on: died   her   in.    Then   we   waited   outside
the bacteria work to gel it from the air      "In occupations where oue is subject l((|.  .,   |lh    ,,„,   W1,  (,1)Ujdn't   hear  any
and so  keep  healthful  and  active. ■ l" severe trials of  shenglh. bucIi as the 1]|i]|ur. sn j 1(iuK ||n. ,lir|1
The   jellv   soon   becomes   alive   with   :"",.v-     'arming,     and    boating.    Heavy     (1]t   jguq   ,„„,.],/ "   |   said, "bul   it's
bacteria,   and   the   farmer   can   get   his   clothing   should   be   worn   ev    V'° the spirit of the gifl   vou sl Idtlmik
nitrogen   fertilizer  for all  the  clovers,! »wnnier.   It isa vory dangerous practise of ,,   Aml , gavo him Mrs, Noah.
ue is overheated to ride in an
ill   the  bean--',  nil  the  peas, alfalfa, all wnen   one   is  overmmreu   iu   no.-   mi   uii        Ui,   .,.,,.,,,,   .lt   },,.,-,   QnclG    pctor   did
the   vetches   and   peanuts—u   .liiVereiit open trolley or »il  near an electric fan umi n,ado a funny noise in his throat.
kind of bacterin fur each, which cau be ,n ,'""1 nl1' " Richard," -napped the pater, fixing
purchased, like medicine, bv the bottle.      "■■"■<'■' underclothing »\y« a pleas^ mo witll 1|is oy0) ..w|i:il ,|l( you mean
stance  the  farmer has to  purchase   is - I'^re'culi'iire' of'aciVvi'. \ ig^n'uus nitro' :"11  Peeling of coolness to the skin, and b'v tliiatJ
tho. commercial fertib/er which aoutains gon gathering bacteria, which need aim ""' i;m-spiratioi. evaporates more quick- ■ |1|M, ,;,.,-„,,. , poM        anything, one
nitrogen, such nsjnln.le <,l soda, guano, j p|v )n ,((i Illixi>1, witlt BUgar ;i|])1 .,  UuU, |y.     I tlderclothillg should be well airod flf ,,„. (1,|ifl|. ,.;,,„           ,,;{ ,j1(; lilhnr;  .,„,,
"    wale.  Io be shaken well and poured on •"   '"^1"    "'  does not   make a  daily |up,      tn|. n|<,     |(u,|v j,  WU(?
Hie s I before planting, cost  less than flinnge.     Too   much   clothing   worn   by ,,M       h     |litH>_ wil h V11|1 nbi(1(l   ,,M.
$2   per  acre.    Tin-   process  entails  no dny or night has a tendency to enervate morry( '   j0y0Ufl    Christmas-tide,"    -lu-
waste of  valuable  time,  i xponaive :""1 ■»»' "'.' ,noro ""Mnptlblo to sud-   Bfl|j     .,-;,,;,    uftorward!    he  gol   il
nitrogen PortiHzor; but Instead a max! ,i,H pl»inuo« '". temperature, ).|,o|m onQ of thogfl wj||v r;iri|. ^^-^ )i:i,|
inum of In lit  to the present crop and       "Su"  ;""1  ""'bath- are esteemed  ot gon( )m>].
improvement   to   ihe   soil   for   years   to U''''-"    VttlllO   by   the   Hermans   in   their LTj|(i|((  |V||>|  1im||; ,|m, |iiiM ,uii| ,H.||| j,
come, with a minimum of expense and nature cure system,    I he sun has a very nn(j  h(..ll.lv choked,    lie was redder
labor. beneficial  effect   on  tho -km  audit   Is j,, the face than before, and was gettiiiB
When evory farmct  whose soil lack- found thai Its ravs are tar suporior to uti,iU,y  ()Vprv  minutG<   |   POl,ianM   hel|
tankage, etc. Nitrogen, which form:
four fifths of the ntninsphore, is a necessary Ingredient in animal and plant
food. The nitrogen in the air should
supply Ihe ground with plant food, but
nitrogen is hard to catch, or 'Mix,'' as
the process is technically called; and
while it is possible to secure it wilh
tho aid of sialic electricity, and also
by chemical processes, the cost is at
present prohibitive. When living things
die or animal products decompose, a
process which is brought about through
the medium of disintegrating bacteria,
some of their nitrogen is converted to
plant use—which explains why manure
brings such a high price. Another nitrogen fertilizer, nitrate of soda or Chile
saltpetre, which nas been secured from
ancient deposits of nruano, is fast being
exhausted, not nnly by farm demands,
but by the demand for gunpowder. We
must, therefore, look elsewhere for
nitrogen to nourish plants, for sooir the
supply of natural niti^gen fertilizers
will fall short of the demand.
Now, certain plants have the property
of absorbing nitrogen from tho atmosphere through the medium of millions
of bacteria which gather the free nitrogen from thc air, and this nitrogen can
be used in place of expensive commercial fertilizers. Tho most beneficial
nitrogen-gathering bacteria form cx-
crescenses called "nodules" on the
roots of certain plaint a .of the pod-bearing family. These plants are called leg
nines, ami include clovers, peas, beans,
alfalfa, peanuts, etc. These bacteria
have one function only to perform;
they form a co-partnership with the
plant to supply it with nitrogen.   They
ant .speaker, an indefatigable canvasser,
a   ready   fighter,   he   has,   nevertheless,
won fhe love of his st rouges t political
opponents and thev will rejoice to see
him ret urn to Government House possessing all hi- old-time vigor and
I'. ■'. I'ra-er is ;i lawyer Ky profession, a Presbyterian in religion, and
was. when in politics, a Grit. He was
a member of the Supreme Courl Bench
for a short, time, resigning that honorable position to accept the more congenial and le--- arduous one of Lieutenant-
Qo\ erimr, Tho latter position he fills
with dignity and  tact.
As an after dinner speaker, Governor Fraser has no equal in Nova Scotia,
and as a presiding officer at important,
function-- ho has few peers. He is
broad and liberal in hi- \ iews, and is a
valiant champion of the right of every
man lo hi- on n opinion,
In hi- younger days the early days
of hi- legal and political enreoi D. C.
Fraser was an nrdenl upholder of the
doctrine of moral suasion. He believed
in moral suasion ho pi Pached moral
suasion and he practised moral suasion,
and throughout the countryside was
known as "Duncan Suasion," In the
cause nt temperance reform, he wielded
quite an Influence, and it was here he
found \ enl  for tl .trim    <■ near bis
heart.        ilu     '   ' '        "bet     Iv
suasion   i     i ■■     t   ui   .now n   now.   The
law  i-  - ipposed  lo be 'he cure all.
nitrogen "employs   the   abf of" bacteria   the use of cosmetics.    Many persons in   Etching*iViin. '"lieTooked i.ko"the".
there  will  bo a  wonderful  increase  ,„   ??P°™« *J^ sun. ri hi    church,     II,-  experience
size ami weight of crops-, there will be   win lake too rmieh nl '^J;'^ ',l1'1 t\rw  ""^children,"  the  mater  began;   i
aid  had  eon
a  woiKlerfurinprease 'in   the   proteid I experience   extreme    annoyance.      Air    .     stormed   1 auso  Rona
value  of   food   for  cattle,   which   will  ;,,"l sun-baths whon taken intelligently tn wjth his elephanl
harden  one's system  and consequently      ..Wi()i   (ii.:im      '  ,  wil|        ,
"able one to withstand with more ease pl{ja8an1  ^ ^ ;ntM 1:ip ,
THE   OLDEST   MUMMY ' ".'< ^!.:iL'l,^./.!.*^,.!V!!.,'1'..vrtr..;Urt   Bi,««i,i I Bor*   "r   N'bittered.   running his   word."
make for incn
id food  value  for ma
the hot days of stimm
" Daily,   systematic   exercise   should
together for fear he shoul.1 forgi I them,
• ■ | i he way over the road from
J aim ■ 'hnrch choir t o taking
an act ii •■ part in t he debutes of t he
1 ■ ral \ssembly, He is an ardent
church unionist, and his address before
lasl * Icneral Assembly on t Iml question will ever live iii the memory of alt
wl n   I enrd   it.
He   is  a   I'a-i   Grand   Master  of  tho
Nova Scotia Masonic Lodge nnd a Scot-
\ LTHOUGH the ,*,nl,c,lm,r's art was nol  bo imltfcil bocauso tlio wcatbor la  '"^j-,; pctcVjumped upliko'b rocket,
J±    pi-aetiso.1   m ancient Egypt per- warn,.    A.little   tnk,    I ho   oary   u        , .       .■.    [
Imps ns early ns 3(100 B.C., the earliest morning followed  ley n  cool  Imth  will      "What the
known mummy until recently dated only tend to mnkc ono cooler for the rest of      ,,,, ''',   ,,", .in..1.1,1    ,,.,,,,. ,„,„ 1. • .    . ... ,
from aboul   1580  B.C.    .\„w, however, the day.   Muscular work is to the body  in    '.L'';V '   ■ icillrn,     ',',,       :,,',,,'  ""' ^T'Tn ^X",7i ■   , •'"" ''
there has 1 n  placed in tho museum wheel  friction  is t.e metal.    Tho metal    "K to," ' ,,   ',   1('?",',\ '   ' ,      l.:e„.,,,"t; -     lc  \.er lc  Bntish Society
of thc Royal cillego .et' Burgeons, in will rust if nol used) thc body will be-  ■'"'     ''' ' ■        '      ;, '    : ''",     ,  l",,'"1   lll*;lll;i|'"1 "";'»""'•    A* :i,"",7
London,  n  mummy8 of  thc  period  of come diseased if not oxereised.   A mas.   ^LV"    then, toller l.e excels, nnd be can speak the
Snefra   found   ..,-  Fliiiders   lv,,i,  in ter ,„i„d in a weak body Is like a good ,'" ^; „„.,„ u,ls „„ „„„, f,„. ,, „„ih '«■■■'•■"■ » ' '"? » ' » '"" ^S^'
1891 and dating back as far^as 2700 B.C. blade  in a poor  knifo-kndle.    There-       , „„. :Nlli ,, lM weilt'and gol theni
■—a jump backwards of 1,100 years,   [n fore, ono who deems it inconvenient on      "Whero's      Edithf"    Bald     Dollv
nu   address   before   tho  Boynl  Phllo-| account of time or location to take a| (rWny aoesn't she eome toot"
sophical   Society   of   Glasgow,   Prof, little daily exercise will eventually have Wo couldn't make it out till  we'd
Elliot Smith  discusses  this   find   and to tnke time to sock tho ndv.ee of a ,,„.,. .,,„,   ivon r,]H,, ,,„. Bmokin
gives,-incidentally, an interesting Bketeh physician.        .    .    .                           Ufo He hardly thanked ns nt all,
nf mummlfleatlon_ln Egypt.   Wi*. quote     ''Proper dieting,  sufficient exercise, b   tlh.          „.,,:,.,; , tho   h| was •„„,!
an  abstrncl   printed   In   The   British, rest and sleep, , n.lv bathing and Intel*  ,,;„, ,im,„„',rs „„ ,,is ,,„,, ,.., L.,.,v .,;
Medical .Tournal.   Says this paper:          igent exposure to the air and nmUght, h   ,1M,, writto„ tll;ll b*ool. „„ 'otiquc{,0i
"To appreciate tne   motives   which [the   avoidance   of   stimulants   nnd   a ,.     ., -                        ., .
impelled the ancient  Egyptians to Ln-  cheerful frame of mind, will insure nne ",(:« "n-    S!Uli Ronald, poking Edith.
vent thc art of embalming it is aeces* a strong resistiug-powor so that he need 'Give him yours.
sary to throw our minds back nearly have no fear of the extremes of either 8ho didn't  Bay anything, nnly  wrlc
sixty   centuries.   .   .   -   Then   Egyptians  heat or eold." glod, nnd  gol  behind  the mater's .hair.
Willi,]-; visiting in Now Vork ce-
eentlv a gentleman invited a
certain bright and charming
young lady to go to th*1 theatre with
him. Her home Is on the upper west
side, in n neighborhood reached by
either the Boulevard "r the Amsterdam
Avenue cars. As they were leaving the
young lady's home she remarked to her
escort In the bearing of her father:
"We will take the Amstcrgosh Avenue
earn.   Father won't let me say 'dam'," Tin-: hosmer times
BOBBIE-   Pn says vou'r
Visit,.!    prou ,'!.*
I   i.cii.
Bobbie- Ain't
didn't    let    -'.ICC,'lie
Iliis regiment lev serving witb the French I
army against ihe Germans. The Duke
eet' Camoridge recalled  him, and sec-keel
■ him what he meant by it.
j    "Well, -ir." h,- explained, "I under
j stood   that   I   should   licet   lee   wanted   Icel
'. senile'   time,   Clllel    1   a*a e 111 a j   licet    lee'   idle.       1
thenieeht I might learn something."
i     li w.is characteristic of the man, who,
many yenrs afterwards, paid a surprise.
elf licveie i r  ono i RoMER  I Sir Eldou Qorst   visit to I ope Town, un.l c.'ict every ofll-
J J    are not  the only iiucrowucet kings  cer he e"  1*1 Jincl hurrying to ihe front '
"ee  boy, Egypt hn-. had. N'atives whee never   ley lln- lirst available train.
■ beard of either worship "Cook Pasha.''  .
Borrv   now   you   |.,,n| Cromer has told of a nip hi' once 	
■Ue 1,,'li. you? rook  it,  ,- lauy  witb  the  founded  oi   EFFORTS TO HARNESS THE WAVES
| that   wonderful" institution   known   as1 AND  THE  SUN
With the Horses
nf the Aineri
get stallod in u country town. Should
[there be anything ihe matter with the
engine, well, the knowledge of nil the
farmers and blacksmiths in the vicinity
1 would not save him; thev knew binder;:
down to the grpnrd—but .is fur ihe in-
j tricacies uf s|.,trk plugs and mag-
i netos !
How    different    conditions   in   1910!
I Manufacturers have nut the mecnaaicaJ
an-  suited  in each  other.'
■'TMIK poor performance
X.    can colt, sir Martin, in  the Gold
Gup ni  AbC0t, where lie linished no
where, has again drawn the attention nl'
i:i.l.iv   But  do yon think > uel  "Cook's."  into ....  almost unexplored i   .    NKW yoRK machinist bas a small I the   Englisireritics  ie,  .he  quality
region awav  te. the  eves,   ed  the I pper    r\ . ... , ... I .   6"_ ... ,'...*
a,*, ,,  i  ;       , ..   ,       ..      ■*-*-
Noli—(Hi. perfectly!   i»..r taste
nip: rtmentsj American hon
arc quite similar. 1 don't care very
much for him, and he- doesn't care very
much t'eer nu*.
Nile,   lie went   o pay his respects to a ",   ,,  .,.,., ,,„,    '■,.,,,  ,„„. I • , and the *, ordict is the
....ci-eic, viecii-i,     ll,   r„ii',„i,„„ I i,i„,s„ii' *'""   '       ciiii.iected.     Into  one   Yankee   racers   have*   great   speed   lmt
certain sheikh,    lie introduced himself.   h , ,    f       , d       the  ,...„•.   st„T     sil.   «.„,*„',      ',■.,„   lllst
1 he* sheik h was pi, iti*. lmt hue   evil lent   I ,,,';..,      ';„ .    ,* a,,.,,       .,,.,, i„„cici l      '•■ M.iitni s   rating   lasl
,.. ........, , ,.,, ,,,' e ,„.,, ,•,.„„„„.  ,„.   ;„    other is a series oi floats.   Mechanically  ycur „.ls „ most  peculiar eene.    In the
, ,, C       l'"  tt«itatea  lhe  KnWr  '"  Sucb  a   Way   Oerbyhefell  |,.st before reaching Tat-
\       i,        ,,-        ini \I    i   I'l- "  that '"' l""'l'"'"s ,h" "I""'"1"1""'" ">*--  tenhum Corner, and not only put himself
\,.d  this is ..,*,   friend Mr. I ook,    ,,.-„„  ,„• ,,|t.  wavegj „,,,, u„.  floats the\mt „,. ,,m  .^.^  but   '-,' haa   been
thought ever since Ihat lu    ,...
veined  William  tho  Fourth  from  win-  '
I applies in the ease eef ihe seine- own.. ... ,   . ««•>_, e
Parole, in spite of his having won thc  a1uIP!ue",,down P'S"? fllIe-?r°t en0?&h
: Epsom Spring decide of Citv nnd Siibur* i pt—but the car will g,e. Being a motor-
ist is no longer an exclusive accomplishment, A mail learns to drive a ear in
three dnys—taught by a smooth agent.
Women and girls guide their runabouts
through the densest crowds of the downtown streets.
MKS. Ella Wheeler Wilcox charac- , "il*M tJ"° *° •■■■'.>*"•■■■• -" • • ■"'■*"» | tion of tne waves, ar-i n.. ip.:....- um
terized in a neat epigram a the Consul-Oeneral went on. rhe aud faJl as ghi 't anchor By moan8
notorious      difference      in      the   Bheikh bowed deferentially. nt*   an   ing8Jliolua   gearing,   th,'.   move
world's  treatment  ...   tbe  sexes.    "To  .. \\       .'*    in^[y"oU3  heard ot   menl  .,,■ ,|u. floata js ma<je t)) revolve
<i-^    v i—i   i !   »wta. |a sbat.t) auJ tlie Bnaft  Ls g0 connected
. 4..     she    ibserved,  "thai   everybod
i- talking about ;t young man is eul
that it transforms the mechanical force
entertainment   had   re    into electric current,    Within a minute
an and Great Metropolitan.    1 had al
Most o'nitteil to mention as a gone! stayer Mr. Ten Broock's Optimist, who won
the   \s,ot Slake-, ami unother that wus
well endowed with stamina but not in
unite the first class was Blue Grass, who
took the Northumberland Plate, as also
thc Alexandra Plato at Ascot.    Wallen-
stein, who won the*Manchester Cup for
Lord Ellesme're, was above the average,
though, perhaps, not o glutton for distance, and others that may be included
iV.'.-i.'That*iieactually "pre-1 ■« the same category may be mentioned
Disguise  II..  who  won  the Jockey
nl.   Stake's,   and   i'a]e   and   Bells,   who
lptnred the Oaks, leeith trained by Main
the theory can
but   lee  say  that   everybody   is  talking rp.i ;,  place "I  entertainment had  re-   into electric current,    leeieuec ,. ,,,,„,.„,., v.
about :e  young woman* is .-en eleg*-." J.     sorted a gnu-inns and gaudy youth,  from  the  time   lie  starts  to  make  his     ."    ,  '"','.'"  ''"'..''""" ' wl*s
.    ,    . gotten  up regardless and resplen    wave,, cc  small  electric  fan  will  begin If1^. ?* Sr Martin und ye
,      ...vim- -i ., 'lenl  i» g Hy npparel.    Ennmnred was  to revolve, or a tiny electric  bulb will   '." third place only hall a le
A v '■   in   e.l:".  recently  -.might   an .       ,. ,,-     .        •'.      . . ,      ..   ., • from   Minor.I,  tbe winner.
A    expert in oil, because he believed ,e,°   -he stagers in the opera, and he  l.gh   up. running of St. Martin
he had sireick oil ,.,, his ;.,„,,. ||,. \':"   '•""'-'>'   ;'"' h"» » "'''"'I'"' •    '       ' »'   "'7"'"'  s:-^    ""f. "' ' .'■-.       i ,',ar„ld gavo p*o„„d  for a
*. ,. ,   ...     ,.  ■ any appeared  upon  the  stage to  sine   menl   has Im-i-h  earned out   ou  a  largeh,   .   .     *:     ,,h.        .
brough   a -an:;,!,. .1   a bottle   bvident-  ;     .    .,    ,   y^       d   ^ g   feverish  scale   in   I ic    itself.     Moreover, i "'■' , !»■ shnuld have   .eaten
 " — i*. 1  i.i e,i tribute to I this harnossina of wave power by moans | »n.t_1')a P^lfe^lTL Xm
brought  a sample in a bottle.  Evident :"'■'   "I'l"'.1'1'''1  ".I1                ...           . ...
,     .    1  ,     '                                         1 ber   nnucipa]   air.   anel   with   icverisn  scale   m   lln1   cieeau   11
•v   "•, l,:1;'l ' "   "  "  -,'.',i" ,'"'"•",' ;',";1 eagerness he handed his floral tribute to  this harnessing of wave power by moan.
had   hastily   irrabhed   the   firsl    botiie h    .             .     ,.      .   ..                            „   .,    .          •"                ', .         ■   ,      .,
,1                         .,              ,itit -'Hi  usher, mu   aaiured  him to pas--  n   oi   floats  is  no  new  achievement,    M
at ha ml. tor w hen t h.* chemist bad duly ,    ',    ...  , ,J                        J              ,                              ,. ,   ,  ,
, ,,                           ..11*. '^'T tin-    oot hyhts as -non  as the song  has been accomplished  by several  men
Kualy&ed the sample submitted, he Benl '
the lollop iu- tch graphic r. port: '' Kind
no 1 race of oil.    Vou hav -• struck  pare
inventor    i
waa ended.   But when the air was douej in several ways,
the admirer of embodied  art   saw  the      This  particular
singer retire withoul   his bouquet, and   .1 reamer.    I Jo  is
n    .    . directly  afterward   the  usher  'vns  per* I who   daily   directs   the   energies   of   u
rrtHK lown  mcil of a small Oerinan  eciv.ed ]\W"H 1 ,""..,n,'.,|!.v "P tht° »WeUo«eu other machinists in u typewiiter
1      nmunity  met  to  iueped   Q  uew  aga u    ",   "" ""'■    T        ° "*,,,r' n"   ,»;,,,,,>-     !1"   now  propowB   n   system
Bite for a  hall.    Thev assembled  'T^ "?        ^r\'^\ vouth.     1 really  whercbv power sta ions mav be estab-
ai a ehapel, and as it  wan a warm day  jldn '  ,':,x"1   h\' ftt"°   *"  l!:iml  »l> your   lished   anywhere   along   tin        '■
a   member  suggested   that   thev  should   flowew for that sort of wngiug.   W\^  connected   with   large   flout
I she blurred her staccato passages Iright     oil shore,     li   ts  the connect
n in j;,
I low much then   i
not now be determined) but it is a fact
thai  Willian   the Fourth was interfered!
1 yet  be liniahedl
iali' a length away
:     The subse
as a three- j
h-ulat ii
. Darling for Mr. Keen.
year's Cambridgeshire Sir Martin ra" "
une race when hav
ht by long od
he blurred her staccato passage?
„. slav be a.. „ ,,,,-„.    s„g   *M7< :""\ '"."' '■'"'•''"•"I'' near the finale
cstcl another.   '-What for!" demand ,brok? V,"     ','■'    V'-l"   ■'" v        '       ','
.... ! her trills     Greal  Scot!    \ on yourself
leave   Iheir   coats   there.     "Some
stay behind ami watch them,"
ed  n  third,    "If we are all  going out I
together,   what   need   is  there   for   any,
one   to   Watch   the   clothes ?" '
^^ teviee.
only, for which he claims origiualitv.
Another man in New Vork would harness  the   .-un.     Ile,   too,   is  n   practical
that she I man and will -hew vnu thai he can drive
made  a   complete   slump   of   them.     EI fam   und  lighl   lamps  with  electricity
can'I encourage that kind of work even   drawn from the sun's rays.    Nor is the,
while   acting   as   somebody    else's   de- i principle of this achievement a new dis-
ml he shoved the bouquet  into|covery,     Mis invention  is merely which
couldn '1   have failed t<
C\ 1IAIU..ES SUMNER, wben  tn  Lon-   ,(lltv.     .,,.., ,,.   , ,  ,   .,, .  •     .     ,
Vj     don,  gave  a   ready   reply.    At a | the young man's arms and disappeared | of  nu   alloy   that   will   transform   heat
U liis honor he spoKC
i" some dead hero.
merican Ruglish!
Englishman ; '' dust
\\« dunM burn
• Yet."
inst a nl ly replied M r. Sumner, with a
courteous smile, "your poet Cray tells
us that 'Kven in our ashes live their
wonted fires.' " The American was uot
criticised again thai evening.
■ tinner ei\
of   "tlie   ashes
"Ashes!      What    A
rudely broke in an
vou mean, Mr. Sumr
oor   dead   in   this  country.
into  the   lobby.
nt.   suddenly,
I'l-ank, eenne'
ilceuii ejuii'k! The gas ia escaping.'
Then he- will rush iliewn here, unsuspeut-
ing, tn fi!',| the crowd eef friends waiting
for him."
ll went off exactly as planned.    Wes
E  hael   run   up a  small  bill  at the
\ iilage     MiiIC.    :l IHl     '.'. e'lct      tee     |i;i v
it. first asking for a receipt. The
proprietor grumbled and complained
that it was ton small tee give a receipt
tier, il would <l" just as well, he saiel,
to cross the* account <eh', and sn drew
a diagonal pencil line neross the bonk
" Does Ileal  settle it?" usked  the .-ns
tcmior. "Sur,*." "Au' yo'll never b.'||,,iK>, ,..M,.,i „ue excitedly, "Oh, Frank.
askin for it agint "Certainly not come down quick. The gns is escaping
"Je-aitb.   thin,      said  the  other  coolly,ha ,,,„ I„,,.|„,':-'
"""     nl    L''l"',  """'.v    '"    ""'I     Evcrv light had I n turned out, and
pocket.        "But   I   can   nil. that   out,      ,.„.   ,,,,',..,„.   „..,s   in    ,...,-j-,.,-1    darkness.
,|H' storekeeper.   '   !  thought s,,.' \-yhl.,.,, was ., ron|d nlgh „,■ ,-,,,., ,,„„.„ ,,„,
nergy iniee electric power,
This inventor has :i much wider boric-Ill that  he asks is a Hat  surface
WE   han'   the   surprise   beautifully j ''""•    'V','";','   '",. '.    '".",,
pla. I." said young Mrs. Was-  ST?86*1 ",,h" ,l'";,', ""/--of. the sun.
 igh    to    the   guests,   "and i "'.' hi's :' v,sl"" "', oTtsy taetonea whose
Prank doesn't suspect a thing.   1 think ! w,"''"ls ;'"' turned b-y the power thnt
he has even forgotten that today's his  c"?*e8  "'"ln thf, M?% '"'  the roof;  ot
i.:„.i. i....       ir.,   .. ;n   ,,llt    \yn,,\n   frnm   tht» I sniP8   Cl*0SSing   Hie   Atlantic   Wtth   pOWer
By Donald  B. Sinclair
fj-'roin  Canadian  Courier)
thut'he sfonW^iiaveYcaten eveVythlngI  A    DO^EN years „g„ nobody in Can-
iu the Derby except  Bayardo.    In Inst -^     da owned aiMiutoinobife,   Many
lire Sir Martin ran n '001,,*°  lli"1   l'1'11"1   "•   U|e  motor
inee tho worst  nl  the  ''"''! ""'-v '""' B<?e" pictures ill the Sum
„,. ,  ,,v |87 lie was third to **?y  editions  ami   iUuBtrated   weeklies
c'hns,,,,:,: |i,iM and Mustapha. An the °< the now-fang ed conveyance-tiros
,,„.,. ,'.•„,„. off in verv heavy ground il , ",;1  wheel, aud Intricate euginej lhey
,    ,, ,   ,'   |,i_   il,,,,,,   nr   In,   b.-tel.i'il     .'elluusl     hOUOIullV    lee    runners
was   piebabl.    ...    to hi.   liking   ...   he 1^   [(   ^ ^ ^ ^
nnghl  have do.K   belt, ,  to t||() .  hopefully, because
The day following, when the ground  „      wis|u,(| *,  Wi|'l|M   '.,,(ir *1miu|  |Ms
hael dried ii| 1 "•'"1 '"uch belter tor tim(J |hl,v mfg becomi.,„ ., lirtl(, tiu,(l
going, the -.inerian colt put una reroi.i oJ, |h(¥ |jic.v,.k,. lhl,S(1 ,|ills, ,,„, (li<1 ,,„,
l'.erf..ni:a,u" in the Durham Handicap. „,.„„„ evervdav, Cauadian city uiaii,
II,. won witli the top wight but was I pedtUfins 'l"«'" to business think seri-
net seen in public again until •"'"''." I nuslv of the possibility of lying back
ihe Coronation Cup at Epsom, "'Jin n luxurious tonuoan and "watch the
eveul   was   over   the*   mile  unci   a   l*°l^l t'elapbone   posts   whizz   bv.'     l-rubabh
courso, an.l Sir Martin pul ni' a capital  h, tll0ug|lt  ,|„, .,„,, lbi{0 ntu,, mm:0
performance. within liis roach than the aeroplane to
Sir Martin's victory sent his stuck up day, As for the farmer—well, he had
greatly feer tlie lieelil Cup, especially as read of horseless waggons; the Yankees
Bayardo had only given a very modor- jm,i them, accounts sometime:! appear-
ate'display em liis lirst outing this sea- ,,,) |n t|1(, local paper of these machines
seen. The horses had never met since the | ever in the States frightening decent
Derby last year and there was great pepple's horses. A new fad, evidently—
curiosity to see the.u measure strides j j,js spanking greys, oot there by the
after a'twelvemonth had elapsed. Be barn were still good enough for hiin.
fere the h.erses went to the post  Hayar |     ,r||(, (,|m1j,.v„ .lutu„,0|,i|,. [„ Kureipe and
the .States grew every nienilli, became A
Nowhere is the remarkable appeal of
the new mode of transportation better
illustrated than in e'anada. I have before me a trade dispatch from Washington elated May 30. It is rallier startling. It imparts the information that
the imports hy Canada of American automobiles for the nasi ten months were
valued at $3,057,450; fee:' thc preceding
ten months $1,123,273. Canadians are
spending over three mililons of dollars
a year em automobiles, increasing their
expenditure at about the rale eef 200
per con. There are betewen five and
ten thousand users nf automobiles in
Canuda; that many citizens of the Dominion whose incomes can stand a drain
of from nne to six tbousnnd dollars
every couple of years feer the satisfaction   they   ".e!   eiul   of  motor  Car..     Are
You will find relief in Zam Buk!
It eases the bumiru\ slinging
pain, stops bleeding and brings
ease. Perseverance, with Zam-
Buk, means cure. - Why not prova
th!« 7   ^S Druggist* and Start*.—
'' ' to. box. #
Tofl/Kl.1* SUJ^AVEW 3qi>7
these citizens  mortgaging their Ltt-st'tHV
1 put Hit' question i-> an agent,
"No " be said, emphatically, ' * not
much motor-mania of that sort here.
The remarks of a certain American publicist us to tht situation in the States*
dues not apply In1 re. Canadians have
too much Scotch shrewdness.'"
That famous landmark which occupies so prominent a position on the-
l-Tambleton Hills, in Kngland "'The
Kiliiurn U'hite Horse.'1 has had a
"spVing cleaning. Three tons ol' lirut
had to be used for whitening the-
'* White Horse." which now stands out
very prominently on the hillside.   Tht
"horse"   has   not    been    I'e-COated   silWt
Sackett Plaster Board
The Empire Brands of Wall Plaster
The Manitoba Gypsum Co., Limited
do was the favorite, principally oi       ^  ^
count of his splendid appearance wheal ^  j„""flie  market,' developed  into  a
he was stripped  in  the  paddock,    -t113 very live thing indeed. Canadians hoard
figure was 7 to 4. while Sir .Martin was'
0 to -.    W,  K.  Vanderbilt's five-year-
birthday.    He will get home  trom the  b .      sl(l.tl|ilv manufactured on the top    figure was 7 to 4. wane »ir maruu wu». more  aboi]t  the   ni;U.hjneH   rm.|(,  8am
office about seven o'clock.    J hen he al*  mosfc i]|,t.,.    ' ,, t0 o_    \V. k.  Vanderbilt s five-year- WUB Umiillr out<    )lis factories began
ways fjoes upstairs to take oil  Ins coat ;     .lJ[nI   w,|;||   win   happen   in   cluody   0ld, Seasick II.. started at u to 1. to ^^^ WTtti the automobile industry;
and nul  on  his smoking jacket  t»r the, u.tJ.lthrr >•■ V(MI ilski T|ie surplus ri.ergv |     The  ran-  was  one  of the best  ever > ||(i|t,   anfl   tiu%|.(,   |(an,.   ^Qr]iS   ri.sj  n;1(]
vening.    When  he  is  upstairs 1   will  t|mt jg gell'erated «,„  bright  days will  seen for the Oold Oup, the unusual num- t]ieir j0b8 to learn the coming business.
! he nceumulated in storage batteries for . ber of thirteen horses going to the post, j Th(i Dominion oil the while was an  in-
emergency use. The race is two aud a halt miles, and Uerestod spectator.    However, in 3899,
lt   is quite  possible  that   neither  of   for the first milo and a halt Sir Martin  fhfl  ttutomoDji0   began  to  dribblo  into
these    inventors    may    have    actually  Was   with  the   front   brigade, Bayardo,   QflTflafla by twos and threes—great  lum-
broughl these alluring possibilities with-  ridden  by  Panny  Maker,  bringing; «P boring '"oue lungers" these plavthings
M the limits of -oinmercial success. Vet j the  rear.'   Coming out of the Swiuley i ()f  t||0   pm]i,torv  rich.     Many  people
eri-wign l-u-iih- iiwinc ...   -b  I tlie lact that even exporimcniai nucci-nBi uottom,   wnicn   is  uuuui    dia   i.ui-.«-.^«. wondered
nd went directly upstairs.    The guests | )ms   h|i|1|1   attained   shows  the   way   in | fruIM the tini.-h, Sir Martin began todie | onQ 0(. t[u
I held   their   breath   while   Mrs.   Wester l '"';"""   ■■
■ i  ...   ,,     ..,.,    ,, ,_    wlmdi anel I
mother gem ration ma\
■ai rv on
said the custotin r dryly. " Mn;
be giviu' me a receipt uow
your money.
e yon Ml
Tills i- a jury-room secret that has
.nine into circulation in some mysterious wuy: "Look here." said
one of tin- jurymen, after lhey had retired, "if i "understand aright, i he
plaiatiff doesn't ask damages for any
blighted affections or anything of thai
sort, bul only wants to get bark what
he's spent on presents, pleasure trips,
and BO forth." "That rs so," agreed
tin- foreman. " Well, then. I vote wc !
don't give him a pennv,1' said the
other hastily. " tf nil the fun he had i
with that girl diln't cover the amount
he expended, it must be his
Gentlemen, I courted thai gii
stairway,   t hen   a   voice  sa ni.   "I   don'I
smell  anv  gas.
" Heller light the jet," Mrs. Wester-
leigh   suggested   tremulously.
There was u sputter, and suddenly the
room wns flooded with light. 10 very body
screamed.    The  hostess   fainted.
Kor Ihere in Ihe centre of the room
-1 1  Westerleigh, attired only  iii a  nal
ty  union   suit,   with  a    fresh    pn ir   of
i rousers over his arm.
Birthday parties still form a forbid
den subject of conversation al (he Wes
ils work, even  when conl and  wood are
on   the   road   lo   exhaustion.
It would certainly not be amazing if
we should live to see both the oeeau
and the sun working in harness. Neither
task  is as incredible as the wireless tele
away,   while   Bayardo  shot  from   last
place into the lead. This change of
position happened in about 200 yards.
and is said to be the most wonderful
piece of running ever seen on a race
course.    Be yard o finished with his ears
--•  ---- pricked,  one  of  the  easiest  Gold  Cup
phone w.\*.   There are dozens of other  winners "" record."  The dope was that
inventions thnl   startle the imagination j |u. ,.ou|d give Sir Martin twenty pounds
i — invention!, which are also yet  in the Una n beating over the two and a half
experimental stage.    Hut  these two tap   mile  course.
inexhnustlble   sourcesof   power,   at  a      0on))I1Plltill
; tune when alarm is ri ing oi oui vanish Uriean horses
ing  resources.     And, by  a   coincidence.! I  ,	
these two experiments 'were brought to It    ,s   "parkable,   however,   that   ish, red touring car. purring gently past
'attention   within   twenty-four  hours  0f   torses bred in America have generally | us.    It was leaving a fashionable hotel;
Leach other boou distinguished tor speed rather than 	
  , stamina, though there have been notable
I exceptions.   The late K. Ten liroecU bad
EXIT,   THE  R£DMAN U string of horses over here many years
go,  among  which   were   included  some
ise snorting, malodorous ma
chines which made a noise like a thrashing.   Only the owners fully understood.
[The other day I was talking to au enthusiast who has followed tho automobile game from the beginning.
'*I)o you know," he said with the attitude of a veteran trailsman of the
West—he was thirty-five—"1 doubt, if
I he chap who chucks 1 lie sped limit
over his hood today with a forty horse
power, enjoys himself half as much
iMoii the quality ni Am ; ,IS W(? ^ ^e|1 vears back. Do you see
• Vigilant," says: ; tj,nt turnout.'" aud he pointed to a rak
Til I.i; IO was a day wheu the town
of West Selkirk, pitched out in
ihe fertile valley pf thc Wed River,; u':,sn'l
T   a    recent    Knglish
J-     oi    west   Boiiuric,   pneueo.   out°1£ I *So&  ^v/\\ ««?  ■'Itl.nugl, PHor,  who
'   ' - ir,. ,*... t was reputed the best ot thc lot, did not;
the   pi er   West    in    epitome— I ''oalixc expectations in England, the rea-
'i"!Jifl|T0RD   KITCHENER,   who   came   so I shacks,   traders,   snJoons,  and   [ndiaiis I son was not far to seek, as he never be-
i„":|JU    near   visiting Canada   without   do    Its   pict ure-.pu-uess  has  gone  out   with 'eflmo   l»*"01>erl.v   acclimatized,  and   aftct
ing so    whereas laird  Uobeits wa- . the wheat.    There are still a few shacks
here  for  several days, about two years , -  more stores and banks; traders then
ago,  and   lately   Geuoral    French—has! arc,   calling  themselves   business   men
three or four ladies iu the tonneau; c
the front  seat the  chauffeur, an  alert
young man iu brass buttons.
My friend regarded this moving lux
ury with a quizzical air.
"Humph," he said, "'tame: motorists
of today  don't  know the sensation  ii
used to be to go en tour when a sensible
fellow  took   his  overalls along.    There
.    „    ,    ,      ,-   .   ., .was   something   vou    don't    experience
several ......lectunJ efforts ho .U-..I. crior-  110W_aftPr vot„* battRvies hnd gone to
ss. ,„ tl,,. eeni.ie ncl.'ice.l. wns mme -ne- , Um^ ,(| ^^ yonrgelf'on v„m. b.lck
in the dust, under the ear, prying into
' h  11
cic'ssfiil, nuel there are ]ei*'j|ele' s.lill l:\111
renieiultet'    n   sc'tcsnliieiinl    ('•-	
election   twolbeeli us mueh in the j en 1.1 K- eye as Col.lnol  bartering, bul  selling for cash; the | "'!;". I"'!1'.'"""'1    ;l  "''"*"!"""'.,' '.\''   IJho  mysteries oi a   maehino   svhieli   no
_ men wore diseusiing poli-1 Roosevelt,    Hid, like Lord Roberts and | whiskey  is still  there  in  tall gloaming j ."'"''" ,*""'"'- »[ w"" '.''    .'.''.j',',..'     '   ,[| one really seemtd to understand.   Then
1 1  four-ale)   in  the  publi '        '  	
alike Col.  Roosevelt, the "K. of Iv."   lent tics sold at the Iciiik liars by white-
bar nf the Red Mon.   .loncs was 11 true-1 ,|,„.s not advertise, Following is cen up    aproued  drawers.    The  lasl   vestige of
bine Tory, while Smith  wns n   Radical I precintive    peu    picturo    of    Britain's   raw Selkirk wenl e.ni r llv when the
of the deepest dye,    The argument  was | greatest   soldier   in   u   recent   iss l'|rodnion,  C'rees  and   Sul
fierce.    "Ah,   well,"   remarked   .Tones,
Ul   ienielll, ' ' ve* e-nll'l   j;e'l   awny   I'lietu  tlie
fact thai Mr. Robinson's u puilick genel-
man. A reel torf, 'e is. Only the cetln't
day 'e sent me a rabbit for mv dinner.'
Homo ugui
vice- ler Kin
the farthest
fighl  vour
of   tin
111.1   Umpire,  service  in   ki*',i  '" ""' s,"l", Ml"'.v
of the world; back I •"-"■«■ v   '"   Victoria,   who   have   got |
.ppy   huntingj
ng run a dead heal with 121 Hakim :tu,l
Queen Bess, she* won \>.rious cithc.et |
races over long distance's, but was the
moved their I ''eoepieni eef n terrible dressine; e-.-hen she
threw clown the gauntlet tu Mr. MerryV
Indians nf Sol | Special License for the Whip .ever the
age ot
we were heroes—and this is an
hero worship."    He laughed.
The automobile has hit Canada hard.
Its  ascendancy   in   iiur  midst  has  been
f So| I Special  License for rhe Whip"o've'r'the 11"™%„.a1.™„a*ler„°* 'JlS,!?8*..8™,^"!:
Cl     j        '
that of the I ''l*;u'l,n ( onrse, ot upward ot tour miles
; at Newmarket.
asthmatic   car   which   occasionally
Another  American   thnt   had  a  great
pulled up street iu 1900 was au expensive enigma.    The man had courage who
day   e sent me a rabbit for my dinner.      .    .     d      f £ fc   ,    .  ; ,,,,1,,'s   ,, vo   ther   happy   huntingl     Anoiner .Miiericun  viiiu uuu  a  1;.cai ;.,„,,,    ,,„,  ,„        a      distance  ia  one;
"Oh,  'e did  did   -.'     snapped Smith I, „      |n eommand-is   P eld' Srouu,,s  be<!H"S0  ""'  simT,1°  '""  thoy  reputation Wbout that period was  Um- Tilm.a „.,.,,, no% a hundroa men in the
"Well,  thai s  wot   we calls bribery       M.ir>i|!||   vjs  i(   Ki|l.|1,.„„,.   ,„■  Kh       oxomplify in tl ddle of the -jumping  P're, and it may be doubted it ever one  Dominion  who understood the median-
Jones began  to  get alarmod.    "Wel,  t 0M BroHtest sohlior since   l!ritis|' Columbiu  town .bees not agree earned as much money as ho for the  ism of a gasolino ongine,   a man might
the rabbit was a iriHce   igh,*   he replied,  ..     ,. ,.      .. .Vl,,,f ,,.„„ with the live ethics eef the city fathers,   Derby and again  for the Cesarowitch,
I *   " Te .f\lf J."l|.»il 1 ecn'l-OO.IIM *1   I    lllle^l   I'll, ..... I I    . a ' .        -a, !    1     * *       *        1    .       I .' 1 *-.       .    11 T M"
deprecai inuly.    '' Wuss
'   lllilli.lc"
ed Smith: '' wuss still.
'.- briber
and  corruption."
"n Juno 24th he will keop his sixtiet)
WHEN   the
"•ibor3' birtiidnv." When' ho'stepped-from "his l^rlt have emue lo the same conclusion
train ui Watch.., the ether evening to Tl",-Y l»'vo-discovered that their wlnskej
.■,„„,;,,. en,. w„l,■ccii.s nf his fe-imecls ,1,1,11 and   ot tier   vicious  traits  are   bad   tin
i;he''b'e'ni'veilent  white'gcMitlein'en cef Sel-| his trials having been phenomenal.    He
n oucltision.  showed   to  little  advantage   in   ettjier
rIIK\   the  time  came  for  the  re
ion   of  a  member  of  a   ,,f «hat I
tlcc   n
the welcomes of his frieuds and ,     ...
uuiuindful! primitive   iintures
remnants of warriors have been told to
Southern legislatur
snunterod down to the
night t'e sound oul th
townsmen as tee whethi ^^^^
' capital of his State] hearing  is  II
Well, boys." he sai.l   |las   pooled
politicians     "what
was ,cn enroarrassing
be -eeit back t.e t
as a lawmaker,
le,  the   iissemblee
: bout ct ."
the greetings of a people cei
has ibeiie for them since he I
ic   mem-   flrst  won  distiucti I   'i'oslti,  tweiit,*,
ior store   )*ears „g0j |„, smiled his pleasure al  hi's
tllieen    eel     ',-,,! ,„■„.
e should ||c' stands ns straight us n dart. Ilis
iriug of a man who
is,elf    through   ninnv
oiidurnui I  nbed
 !'  I lership and
oilier   vicious   traits   are   bad   for
twelve  hundred
T.ir  Dr.nlil   Will  T.ll   Tm
race, und metaphorically speaking Mr, I UvtlM gjy. Remedy Relieve. Sure Eye*
Merry s I horinanby made aim lie down Btr.ngtn.n. W.aa Eyes. Do«»n't Bmart,
when they joined issue for tho Olarol ! eSootheM Eye. pun. and Sella for 60c. Try
Sl'.l.i's lit \'!,e.cce1,i,-l,-ef     Int'ect   He,* lecst . Murlna    ln    Your   Eye.   and    Ire    Baby'.
C-M.le.i S ,tl    .*eOWt!iai KOI.      Ill   HIT,  tin*   liesl  |  b.„„   #m,   n„.|v   WW«HH«   »„,.   nraneelutlnn
jecit lent   vears
ie'iice*  to  the
pause,   "Speak rich! out, fellows," he j command.
encouraged     the     u ting.    "To   tell       |„  appearance
thee truth, Srnu " -ai.i   ei ' the crowd,I si„PP ,VP hnde hi
he has cln
we've elocidoc' that judging frnm what I ,-,.,., | |s triumph? of wur nud diplomat
ciunty got out of the legisla-| i„   Suutli   Africa,     liis   fine   has  I '
ture  whil
as well I.
""   were  there,  ive   inouglit I h„rul  n  ilnllor red lev   In.lean  suns, but
wm i. letter." ,1,,. tropics have nol blunted nr blurred
l! ee <■[" ■!■ ,-'i!  features "i  , I ,■ lie in elrawii
rillll   lain l'i.ii.--,,i Soiihocle<i of lb,e    li es iu   evhich  we all  saw   tlie hope of
J      vard, ua- ii  short bul  finely built  n r viclnry, ever after the holocaust uf
man, with  bushy, snow white hair   e   ilonsn,     Tin tllne  c.r  Ihe   jaw  and
an.l heard, ..lc m'plexinn, and pierc    I   ■ folds of tho throat cue a trille lienv
ing   black   eyes,  nnd   looked   liko  some   ier;  that   is  his onbi i Rsion  to his
fonorable   Arab   sheik,     llesc i-\.'d   and   vein .
-Ice  in mumier, in* wns yet  lull eet genial      The  steel-grey  eyes  pierce   \>cec  with
h r.     e,,,,.,._   I,,   the   class-room,   he   Iheir iaelomituble power, with thoir Ionic
usked a student, '' What ua- done with
tli,' bnelii - of lhe creek- who were kill
ed ul Mariilhoa '"   "Tlu*.\ wet • buried.
sir. " ■ S'oxt! " " Why, lllee thev
«  bur I.''    " \e\t " :    "I     1 .bee. ':
■ RiulH
I   l:"W.      lU'cel',
I imws! "
II.' was ui-
lii   eel I'  till
pared ni- uv
Turkish dishes, ile allowed n servant
ie, visit the room to make his lie I, but
would endure iee further ilisturbanco,
nnd tli" lliiur v us nnswopl from e >, Inber
te. June.
nf   I'ruii;.   cOuriige  uud   hich   luthnrit^
Thesce me i he e\ es under \e hich sl i-onij
iiieii have (pinitod ill the Incur eet' defeat;
thoy ure the eyes that  have made Ihi
ni.in   master,  of   Africa   first,  -et'   India
^^^^^^ Neele.le      :, |' I, ■ | »■;, ,', | s.     Ill       liilll-l'll'      IllWilV
I hu' "   i le   hiin   feared   und   c-i led
marrioel, bnl lived ulone  ommi  ivhoru he wns mil  loved.
liege buildings,  mil pre ,     "I   like   Kitchener,''  unci'   said   De
I I, getting up curious j lurcey, himself u groat  soldier, when the
lieeer generals came :es honored guests te,
I'highui i. '' his eyes uro so honest.
\  bachelor, it  i- sometimes saiel tha:
It" is ct hurd stem man, anel that lie 'li'
li' es u ii.    That  is ■,, hnlf truth; be
is nut ;i misogynist, bill he believes thnt
should   be   kept   in   their   pre.per
III.I    he    ele..'-    licet     thillk     elicit     -.,1
•i> ' 1 11 ^~
L°HT S   Di5.:-
rHIX'i!   electric   "tonus,   wl    the
lieiiinil';* is very  near, the the.in'
dor   is   lioard   en I\'   iv,tli   u
 nd   like  the   discharge  of  artilie.'y.
When the storm i~ fnrther awav lhe
thunder i^ nol 11 -Inert sound, ! ill n
series of closely c-onuectod explosions.
When lightning bursts between twu
clouds, or between 11 cloud and tho
earth, the different points on the course
followed   bv   111.)  r! n-    lischarg '0
I el Hilt!    -teeelllll    11CIM'    WIVeS. ;||       ,|itV,.,e||t      e| i-l II 1,,','S      f|'OIU      llilll      Willi
Lord   Kitchener  has   cm   very gren    |,e..rs them, so that the sounds, travel
opinion   ui'  newspapers  as  vehicles  of ling j.roln „ifl-erenl locations, roach thi
I self-expression    (he    prefers   deeds   to listening  ears  one  al'lc
words),   .iml   he   has   more   than   onco   period   between   tli
timed sume great coup of his to follow I ent|y   |nerensing  as   thev   come   from
greater distnnces.
lose up th.ir whitewashed cabins, pack'thing ho ever accomplished was over a
up   their  t.'| s  al   St.    I'etor's,   from   much  sl e*r courso,  to  wit,  the  Cityi
which   reserve'   for  many   moons   they and Suburban mile and a quarter, whea
have s,    pato  whistling close by on  lie achieved a great performance by run-1
ihe shrieking rnihvav, aad beat their "iug second tu Advonturor. Starke's
wav tee Plsher River, 11 stream far olf ecu 1 advout tee this country was not preceded
l.aicc Winnipeg, The voung chieftains! by auy great flourish of trumpets, but,
huve sol thoir faces toward Canaan. Bul   nevertheless, lie was one of the giuuest
the wrinkled, royul bloods of II rees   and best horses that eve came from tlio
live   wilh  the   memories  of   the  tomn    l»"'l  "'' Stars and  Stripes, and  in g
hawk  -thc    froeboolliig    days.        The  I'n   triumphs  wor.;  Iicludud  (he  flood
■nighlv erainls.cii of Apechnn'cou, friend   " ' ''"I1- i" which lie beal Tliornmiiby,
nf Pontine and Tee-im-eh. sorrows in his The Wizard, and cither good Imrsos, of
wigwam ami drones: "The Indian | which the lirst named had won lhe As
knew cm reserve, no confines then." col Gold Cup and the1 second the Two
The venerable Thniuus Hunyiin, putting  Thousand (iuiieeas,    lie  was afterward
his Vi,-;,,nm   medul. ii alive with 11 ■■   sold  t'i  lhe   Prussian   (lovnrnmont   and
.|eii„.    talo-lellii'g    i"    the'    wondering  B'''ed a neat  numbor of churgors,
joiiths nrouud Iii- cnmpllro, eet' the Hat tie      •• \ 'nnv thai enme I nun Hn  fni side
"I'  Sei aks  and  I ho   prodigies   eet'   if the Mhiiitic with a von tall reputu
valor perl'cirmod Ilioreiu, and the butch    lion   was   Proukness,   '.vim  wa-.  said   tee
ciy   nl'   Ooveriior   Seinple    ninety-four   have   heen 11 1  Um best  Inerscs ovoi
years ago, Rnadily recalls William Ash t'onrod in \ rlcn, lie. however, valine, -i-i I I'hicf of vice' reserve, the Iml    loo far . de anced ia ago tee distinguish
lets siuging iu Ihe Hlnck Hills, the mr.s hie,-'nil' 1,,,,, ;ul,i Mr. Snndford sold
snores in Minnesota, ami Senator Sntli hiin li He into HnUe eel' liainilton, for
erland'f   son   -lmt   by   sneaking   marks    vvlioiu   Im   -ned  a   useful   horso   in   The
ei'i'i  Um Kilelemaa nail -cei oul  In   l'i.I.II.r. who (lnlshed third for tin- l.'o
Um half-breed Riel, <arowiteh t" Poxholl, in 'nv opinion lln'
  ■   iie-t   horse that   iivor  eaiiio   from   the
I'l'ilcel  States,    That   victory  nf  itself
.\a-   :i    grout    |>e'l'l'ei!'luance>,   but   ncethill,*
comniered villi wlt-il he did a fortiiKjhl |
later ivheti as a throc-yonr-old enrrying
.cine stenm he won the Cambridgeshire
anil beat   e.l' the best class fje|(is thai
ever assembled leer Ileal event, .Meanwhile hi' had vindicated liis claims to
>-!a:>ic eoustilornti'iji by winning the
Qrand Prix nf Purls, and in ihe following year -e'l the seal cm his fume by
whining tl.* Ascot Gold '-'up. Horn,
perhaps, Im was ,-, little lucky, as bid
for easing icis horse, who was ostensibly
making running for Petronel, Teddy,
.Martin would never have been caught
,.    , cm  Paugh a Ballagll, and thus Ihe late:
l,sch,,,.umsappnr-:.-,„,.,,   *   ,.„..,n,'orf w:ls   robbed   of   his
coveted trophy bv a head.
'■Thai   sevr.ro   race   probably   got.  toj
the   lecett ,f  Foxhall,   feel'   11
Eyaa for Bcaly  Eyelida and Granulation
Proper Lubrication
On your plows, harrows and drills  use
Harvester Oil
Insures better work
from the new machine
and lengthens the life of
the old. Wherever bearings are loose or boxes
worn it takes up the play
and acts like a cushion.
Changes of weather do not affect it.
Standard Gas Engine Oil
ii the only oil you need. It provides perfect lubrication under high temperatures without appreciable carbon deposits on rings or
cylinders, and is equally good for the external bearings.
Capitol Cylinder Oil
delivers more power, and makes the engine
run better and longer with less wear and tear,
because its friction-reducing properties are
exactly fitted to the requirements of steam
traction engines and steam plants.
Nica   Axle   Grease
makes the wheel as nearly frictionless as possible and reduces the wear on axle and box.
It ends axle troubles, saves energy in the
horse, and when used on axles of traction
engines economizes fuel and power.
If not it your., write for deicripdve circulars to
Steam Traction
Steam Plants
Traction Engines,
Wagons. Etc.
Zruy dealer crciywhera.
The Imperial Oil Company, Limited
VOL.  1
>*.'<>. ST
nether,   the
I a   curious    breakdown   eef   telegraphic
' ceimaniiiii'cei ion.     He   has  dodged   inter
lower!*, nr lias sen!  them a curt message ic the efTeel that " Lord Kitchener
leas nee statement tie make,''
II" i- self-reliant, ainl he ehecs not I report summarizing tho natural history I ward ran up to liis foriu, and moreover,
advertise, lie knows his worth, and he*} results nf his African expedition. Tho was a failure nt the stud, it ihoulJ
is indifferent tc. opinion, | bag consists of 4.SS17  mammals, about| have boen mentioned that although foal
 _ _ _ _t . only iv-is i
Mr. Roosevelt has sent to the Nation    he veil I,,,;,ten in the Alexandra Plate
i :.l   Mnsc'iiin   at   Washington   his   official   'in  the  following .lay, bat  never after-j
Men who have served wilh hiin know
lhal he is tireless, anel that he has nee
patience wit)   men whose code is not his
ile lillcel the interval between passing
out of Woolwich anel being gazetted lo
1,00(1   being   big.game   animals,   some   ed in America he ramo ener as a year-
4,000 birds, 2.0(1(1 reptiles and bnlriieh-  ling and  was  always  trained   here.     A
ind   ."on   fishes  from   the   White  brilliant horse was Mr. Lorlllnrd's li
Nile and other waters. Several thousands of [elanls weere also collected
throughout  the  regions  visited.
qnols, but. although he wen the Derby
and the St. Loger, I doubt if ho was a
genuine   stiver,  and   a   similar   remiirli
To Follow the Fashion Smoke
Here 'a ;. toas. to fashion
And  her  furbelowst
..'hanging h;its nnd turbans
Changing shoos and hose,
('hanging straight-front, corset a
Vur lhe otuor kind,
Taking curves from oh the front
Putting them behind.
Throwing Psyche knots off,
Calling out for rats
Moulding roly-polys
Into merely slats.
Moving waist lines upward,
Shifting waist   lines  down!
Vosterday your die.1 nm
Was the Empire gowu,
N'uw vou are utieertain;
Probably next week
Von'11 prescribe a garment
Which is purely Greek.
Fashion, you're a wonder,
' 'hanging walk and pose
And a very juggler
When it comes to clothes.
Here i.s to you. Fashion,
In a halting rhyme;
For in smoking it's the fashion
To use m'OK-EVUS all the time.
Fashion   never   changes   when   it   comes   to   the
BUCK-EYE.    BUCK-EYES are always in fashion
A Husband by Proxy
(Copyright, 1909, by Desmond FitzGerald, Ine.)
CHAPTER XV.—Continued
'the hnuse," and requested that her
Significant Discoveries
occupied a suite of throe rooms
—one of them large, the others
small. Exquisite order was ippar-
,-nt iu all, combined with signs of a
dainty, cultured taste, it Beamed a sacrilege- to search her possessions, aud he
made no attempt to do so. indeed, he
gained nothing from his quick, keen
survey of the place,' save a sense of her
beauty and refinement as expressed in
the features of her "nest." He felt
himself warranted in opening a closet,
into which he cast a comprehensive
It seemed well filleel with hanging
gowns, but several hooks were empty.
On a shelf high up was a suit-case,
empty, since it weighed almost nothing
as he lifted up the end. He took it-
down, fouud marks where fingers had
disturbed the dust upon its lid, then
stood on a chair, examined tlio shelf, and
became aware that a second case had
been removed, as shown by the absence
of accumulated dust, which had gathered all about the place it had formerly
Replacing the case he had taken from
the shelf, he closed the closet, iu possession of the fact that some preparation,
at least, had been made against some
sort of a journey, lie was certain the
eniplv hooks had been stripped of garment's for the flight, but whether by
Dorothy herself ur by her relatives he
-ciiild not. of course, determine.
lie repaired at onco to the rooms far-
1 ther leack, which the Robinsons had oo-
,-upied. When he switched on the lights
in the first ono entered, lie know it hail
been the old man's place of refuge, for
certain signs of the occupancy of Mr.
EoliiuBOU wore not lacking.
It reeked of stale cigar-smoke, which
weeiild hang in the curtains feer a week.
Tt wns very untidy. There wore many
indications that old Robinson had quitted in haste. On the table were ash
nays, old cigar-stumps, matches, burned
unci new; magazines, hairpins, a toothbrush, ami two calf-bound volumes of a
leRal aspect. One was a lawyer's treatise" on wills, the other a history of broken testaments, statistical as well as narrative.
supplied nothing ol
when ho gave it a
At the end of the
that stood slightly
led to the next apartment—
to which Theodore had been
Tho closet  here
value tee Garrison
brief  inspection,
room   was  a  doo
ajar.    It
the room
assignod. Garrison seam discovered the
electric button and Hooded the place
with light.
The apartment was quite irregular.
The far end had iwo windows, overlooking tie- court at the roar—the hollow
of the block. These ev.1.- both in an
hetwoon two injutting parii-
One partition was the common
ot' building a closet into the
The other was ceenstiuj'teil to accommodate a staircase at the back of
Hie house, loading lee the quarters lie-
Disorder was again the rule, tor a lit-
tcr cef papers, neckties, soiled collars,
and ends of cigarettes, with perfumes,
toilet requisites, and boor bottles seemed strewn promiscuously on everything
capable of receiving a burden.
Garrison tried the door that led to
the staircase, and found it open. The
cloe-ol camo next for inspection. Without expecting anything of particular
significance, Garrison drew open the
Like everything else in the licilini'
sons' realm," it was utterly disordered.
Glancing somewhat indifferently oyer
its contents, Garrison was about to
elo-ce tin- door when his eye caught upon
a gleam of dull red, whore a ray of
light foil in upon a bit of color on the
Ile steeppod, put his hand on the cloth,
and drew forth a Himsy pair of tights
of carmine hue—part of the Mephistn-
r.helian costume that Theodore had worn
on the night of the party next door.
Wilh this in his hand; ami a clearer understanding of the house, with its'staircase at the rear. Garrison comprehended the ease with which Theodore had
played his role and gone from one house
tc, ihe other withoul arousing suspicion.
Bniioumged to examine the closet further, he pawed around through thc garments hung upon Hie liooks. and presently struck his hand against a solid obstacle projecting from the wall in the
darkest corner, ami hoard a hollow, res-
euant sound from tho blow.
Removing half a dozen coats that
hung cnnccalingly mussed iu the place,
ho almost uttered an exclamation of
delight. There on the wall was a small
equipment telephone, one of thc testing-
boxes employed by the linemen in their
labors with'which to "plug in" and
communicate between places whero no
regular phone is installed.
It was Theodore's private receiver,
over which he could hear every word
that, might be said to anyone using thc
phone! .   .
ll lapped the wires to the regular Instrument installed iu thc house, and was
thoroughly concealed.
Instantly aware that by this means
Robinson could have overheard
. word between hinisell' and Dorothy concerning their meeting in the
park, Harrison felt his heart give a lilt
into realms of unreasonable joy.
It could not entirely dissipate the
rkttbls that hung about Dorothy, but il
gave him a priceless hopol
IT [APT I'll   XVI.
Iii Quest of Dorothy
han half ready to believe
Harrison found the slightest clew, anil
Ihen he camo upon a post-i*ard addressed to "Sykey ltoliinsou, Esq."" from
Theodore's mother. It mentioned the
fact that she had arrived quite safely
"I am only taking orders today."
husband forward *a pair of her glasses,
left  behind when  she  started.
The address of the place where she
was stopping way given as ItiuO Myrtle
Avenue. The Postmark- .was .Woodsite,
Long Island.
Garrison made up his mind to go to
Woodsite. If Dorothy were fouud, he
meant to steal her—if need be, even
against her will.
Warmed to the business by his few
discoveries, ho returned at once to Dorothy's apartments and opened her bureau and dressing-table for a superficial
inspection. To his complete surprise,
ho found that every drawer was in utter
confusion as to its contents. That each
and all had been rudely overhauled
there could be no doubt for a moment.
Not one showed the order apparent iu
all things else about the rooms.
There could lie but one "conclusion.
-Some oue hac^searchocl thom hurriedly,
sparing not eviru the smallest. The
someone could not have been Dorothy,
for,, many roacesus—and Garrison onco
inure rejoiced.
Uo was thoroughly convinced that
Dorothy had boon taken from the house
by force.
Whatever else she might bo guilty ul,
l.e* felt Ihat sho must be innocent of th
dastardly attempt upon  his life.    Aud,
wherever she was. -lijte meant to line! her
and take hor away, :no matter what th
cost.  '
The, hour i\as late—too late, ho. was
aware—lor anything effective. Not
without a certain satisfaction in his
sense of ownership, and with grim, resolutions concerning his dealings in future
with the Robinsons; he extinguished the
lights iu the rooms he had searched,
anil, glad of the much-needed rest, retired in calm for six solid hours of
Dorothy had boen spirited away, Garrison examined everything available,
with lln* intention of discovering, if possible*, any scrap that might indicate lhe
destination to which the trio had proceeded.
Thc le'eiliinsons had loft almost, nothing of the slightest value or importance,
siiiee what clothing remained was of no
significance whatever.
It was not until lie opened up the old
man 's liooks on the subject of wills that
'GHTS dis
brought'hIni out,' refreshed and
vigorous, at a bright, early hour of the
morning, The housekeeper, not yet stirring, in  hor downstairs quarters, failed
to hoar him let himself out at the door
—and his way was clear for actipn.
Ilis broftkfust he took at an insignificant cafe.   Then ho went'to1 his room iu
Forty-fourth Street.    .   '   .'
The    "shadow,"    faithful    tit    his
charge, wus waiting in thc street before
the house,    liis presence was noted by
Harrison, who nodded to himself in understanding of the fellow's persistency.
Arrived upstairs, he discovered three'
letters, none of which he took timo to-
read.   They wero thrust iu his pocket—
and forgotten.
The metal  bomb, which was still
his coat, he concealed among a lot of
sl'.ues in his closet.
From among his possessions, accumulated months .before, when the needs of
the  Diddle robbery case had arisen, he
selected a thoroughly effective disguise,
which  not  only  grew a  long, drooping
mustache upon  his lip,  but aged  him
about the eyes, and appeared to reduce
his stature ami his "width of shoulders.
With  a  pair of shabby  gloves on  his.
hands, and a book beneath each arm, he.
had suddenly become a genteel if poor
old  book-agent,  whoso  appearance  excited compassion.
Well   supplied    with    money, ■ armed
witli a loaded revolver, fortified by his
official badge, and more alert in all his
faculties than  he had ever felt iu all
Iiis life, ho passed down the stairs and
out upon the street, under the very nose
of the waiting "shadow," into whose
face  he  cast   a   tired-looking   glance,
without exciting the slightest suspicion.
Twenty minutes later he had .hired a
closed automobile, and  was boihg carried  toward  thc  Wijliamsburg  Bridge
and Dong Island.   The car selected was
a  type  renowned   for  achievements1 in
speed.        ,      ..... ...      *'  "
It was nearly, ten o'clock when ho
stood at length on the sidewalk opposite
1600 Myrtle Avenue, Woodsjtc, a modest
cottage standing on a corner. It was
ono of tlio houses farthest from the centre of the town; nevertheless, it had its'
neighbors all aboul,-if somewhat scattered.
Thero was no sign of life about the
place. The shades were drawn; it bore
a look of desertion. Only pausing for
a moment, as eveiva-book-ageut might,
after many repeated- rebuffs, Garrison
wended his way across tin1 street, proceeded slowly up the concrete walk, ascended the steps, and rang the bell.;
Thero was no result. He rang again,
and out of the corner of his eye beheld
thc curtain pushed a trifle aside, in fhe
window near at hand, where isomeone
looked out from this concealment. For
the third time he rang—and at last the.
door was opened for a distance, no more
than six inches wide. Tho face he saw
was old man Robinson 's. ; "; .'.
Tho chain on tin* door was,, securely
fastened, otherwise Harrison would hdve
pushed l|is way inside without I'urtlier
,-ido.- lie noted this barely in time to.
save himself from committing an error.,;
"Ho away!" saiel olel Robinson ti'st-j'
il.v.    " \ee books wanted!" i-
"I hope you will not refuse ii tireit'
old man," saiel Harrison, in a voice tliat
seemed trembling with weakness, "The
honks 1 have to oiler are quite remark-
able indeed,   I '' i
"•Don't' waul them. Good-day!"
said Robinson, He tried to close the
door, but Garrison's too*, provonteit; .
"line of iny bunks is particularly virl-
iiiclile to reaci to h^'aehiti'ong young'-women.    If yott*fi,VeeWe>eiiitJ'nvigli(er —cir any
veeung woman iu tin- house "     *
"Sin1 rail't soe'a(tVe'.,ue~^-l mean tlieri*
is no such person hero! " snapped "Robin-
soil. "Wlfttf'^cMnnTi'ei-' with that
"My other book is of the'rarest inter-
est," insisted Garrison. "An account
of the breaking of the Butler will—a
will drawn up by the uiost astute and
crafty lawyer in  America, yet broKon
because of its flaws.    A book " .   .
"Whose  will  was that?" demanded
Robinson, his interest- suddenly rouseel.
"801110 lawyer, did you say?"   Ho relaxed his pressure ou the door and fum-1
bled at tho chain.
, ','Tho will of Benjamin Butlpr—the
famous Benjamin Butler," Garrison replied.     if-'One- of    the    most    femavl.-
ahlSrrcn-"-*. .' •
"Como.. in.." cdmniandcel' old Robinson, who liad slipped off the cha'in.
1' How 'KnieS"fS'.'tho book ?''
answer'ae}' (Jji,irii*jt>ri, stepping briskly inside and .cloSirg thp door, with his heel.
"If you'ir'tat.'e 'this copy to the
light -". .     ...„.;
"Father.!'.'', interrupted an angry
voice. "Didn't.I tell you not to let anyone, enter this house? Get out, you old
•nuisance!   Get out with your book?"
Garrison looked down thc oak-finislied
hall and saw Theodore coming angrily
toward him. Alive to the value of the
melodramatic', he threw off both his hat
and moustache and squared up iu Theodore's path.
Yonng Robinson reeled as if struck a
staggering blow.
"You—you " he gasped.
Old Robinson recovered his asperity
with remarkable promptness,
'-How dare you ceeille into this
house'" he screamed. "Vou lying "
."That's enough of,that." said Harrison quietly. "1 came for Dorothy—
whom you clareel to carry nway."
"You—you—you're mistaken," said
Theodore, mailing a most tremendous effort at calmness,-with his face as whito
as'death.'"She isn't, here."-
"Don't lie. Your father has given
the facts away," said Harrison. '' 1
want her—and I want her now."
"Look here," said Theodore, rapidly
regaining his rage, "if you think you
can  come to my  house like this '"
He was making a move as if to slip upstairs—perhaps for a gun. .- -
Garrison pulled his revolver without
further parley.
"Stay where you are! Up with your
hands! Don't either of you make a move
that I don't order, understand! I said
I 'd come to take my wife away."
"For Heaven's sake, don't shoot!"
begged  old .Robinson.  " Don 't  shoot!"
"You fool—do you think I'd bring
her hero?"- said Theodore, trying to
grin, but putting up his hands, "i'ut
away your gun, and act like a man in
his senses, or ill have you pulled for
ytfnr pains."
"You've' done talking enough—and
perhaps I'll have just a word to say
about pulling, later ecu," saiel (inrrison.
"In the meantime, don't you open your
heuel again, or you'll get' yourself into
trouble "
Ho raised his voice and shouted tre-
monilouslv:     .'   -.-
" Dorothy!'
"Jerold!" cajne a  muffled cr,v,: from
somewhere above in a room.
He hoard her vainly tugging at a
door.      ' ..
"Go up ahead of me, both of you,"
ho' commanded, making1 a gesture" with
tin* girn.
door.'' ■
'[ prefer not to break in the
A Rescue by Force
Theodore was hesitating, though
father was eager to obey. Garrison stepped a foot forward and thrust the pistol
firmly against the young mail '3 body
cocking the hammer.
"I'm going—for the love of Heaven,
look oitt!" cried the craven suddenly,
nnd'.he .backed toward the stairs' in
' •" That's better," said Garrison colfl-
1\y. "Steip lively, please, and don't attempt, the slightest treachery unless you
are prepared to pay the price."
Theodore fiael no more than started
Whi>n the door-bell tang—four littlo
jingles. •■■•£''
"It's 'mother,"   said: old   Robinson,
starting'for the door.
■ • '" Lot her remain outside for the pre-,
sent."'  ordered* Garrison.- ''diet on. up
the stairs." . -'.'•••     '.'■'.
The bell .rang again. The' Robinsons,
resigned to defeat; ascended,to tho hall'
above, with the gun yawning just at.tile
fear; . •■      n  "      *'.'•,       '•-'• ''•'■•',, ;i
, Once ilioro:Gar.rison''Callccl niif-..'.'   .'•
. ' • Dorothy—where are. you?'[.. '■';'..' .-
. '''Here!*'   cried- .Dorothy,   her. vo'Solii
still muffled beliincl-a'solifl door.. ''.The-.
room at the back..! cah.'t get .out. ■'.'.-. ■
Garrison issuefl another'order .to'Tliej).-'
doj-e, whom he know to be the governing
spirit in the fight, against himself and
Dorothy:  -    '.-".'.', ■;' ■.■     , . ., ; ;
'' i'ut. down one hand and got out your
but don't attenipeVto refhdve any
and gets drunk as a fiddler. The thought
less young fellow could not be expected
to be more cautious. The released v..Ii
tion, not then ecu guard, leaves one defenseless. A very successful employer
eef men said; "I only want to kiuew the
character of his play tie estimate a
man's capacity for work." The play-
day is like a Pullman sleeper.    Where
do you find yourself in th irning as
you look out'of the window?
As   a   general   law   one's   recreations
should be quite removed from tl rdin
ary work of life.    Maybe there, arc* dif
ferent  brain   cells  to  lee  used,   maybeI
not; but we all know the value nf forgetting   the   routine   for   a   few   he.ins.
There is always lying next to the path I
a  man  who did  take another  path  hie 1
almost took.
The merchant came near being a ma
I'iiinist.     Naturally  his  recreation   is  a I
little private shop with vise and lathe. I
The  thing one  longs to  do,  if  it  does
not hurt, is the right, plan.    Micro than ]
once an avocation lias grown into a vocation.     Tht*   happiness   of  pursuing  a
favorite line in off hours proved see great
and the educational power so obvious
that thi* man discovered he had missed
his calling.
That very frequent experience speaks
volumes as to what recreation should be.
It is poor business, to say the least,
when recreation actually injures ono for
his calling. There is always the other
fellow to bo considered in tiie play. We
do not, as a rule, like to injure another
person  just to amuse ourselves.
If we do, we shall find this strangeI
law: The companion of a bad play day
can wound us more vitally than any
one else* on earth. If WB have demanded of another abasement ami loss of
honor to amuse us Hie avengement is as 1
sure as daylight. (In the other hand,
there are few sweeter memories than of
our innocent childhood playmates, few
more ennobling friendships thun theesej
of congenial and worthy incurs cef play.
Contains no alum.
Made of healthful ingredients, without alum.
The only well-known moderate priced baking powder made in Canada that contains no alum.
Complies with the Law of Great Britain by containing
no alum.
Anticipates the Pure Food Law of Canada by contain*
ing no alum.
Safeguards the health of the family by containing no
Is honest with consumers by containing no alum.
thing else freem your pocket, or I'll plug
you on the spot."
Theodore cast a defiant glance across
the'leveled gun to'the'sfoSd'y/coftl eyes
behind it, and' drew'fArfli trie keys;" as
directed'* *   - *' ■- "'  • ■        ■ •
'"'If that's yoii.'.Terold-^plcase, please
get'me out^-the door is'looked! " called Dorothy, alarmed Ir ye'ach Second of
delay. "Where are you now?'l
' " Coming!' 1 called Garrison. He add-
.ecT..to Theodoi-e; "Keep one hand up.
I'n lock the door." He called out again:
'"Keep cool when it's ■ opened. Don't
.eonfuse the situation."
Young Robinson, convinced tbat resistance at this point was useless, inserted the key in the lock nnd opened the
floor, at the same time casting a know-
ing look,at.his father, who stood over
next, to" the* Wall. ' '
! 1 ii the; instant that Garrison's atten-,
tion was directed to the unlocked room,
old Hobinsoh made a qtiick retreat to a
tiny red' box that was screwed against
the wall-and twice pulled down a brass
■ring.    . '•'.,.  .'•'..
.Garrison behold the .action too late to
interpose.' He kuew the thing for a
le.nrglnr .■ilarni^anii realized bis eewn po-
sitiiell. '■■    ".j
..Meantime Dorothy had not enforged. -
.;'. c/yiorqid! Jerold!" she cried.. "My
t'c'in are'chjiinpd!".   •   ' ■       ■■''. ■
•:e,':*;fioti,i'i'l'there, both of ynu, doiiblo-
ciiifek! 'j-j.-^.e^imiiandeil^tlrtrrison, and he
,!ioi-if-ii tfrt- '-ftotjlfe,4<?<§ij&;'iiisiclo the room,
fairly pushing tlieni ho'fo'rt* hiin with the
glin. . ''•■'.." ' ' . ■' ;.--. :'.
Then-he so1,*,- Dorothy.' -.
■eVhito with t'e'ar, hm' eyes abtuze with
indignation at 'the Tiiibinsons, . her
leeeauty heightened by.the hecek of intensity'in'her oyps,,sho' stoenl by the; door,
her'ankles bound together lay a chain
i-hicli <vas secured to the heavy brass
bed. .. '   .. •
."Jerold! "  nho /'fii'el as  she had before, but'her voice broke and tears started  swiftly  from hoi' eves.
, (To be continued)
INVESTIGATIONS ot the germ-laden
condition of much current coin and i
paper money, ns reported  recently, |
have a fitting corollary ia the discovery,
made  iu  Kngland, that postage stamps!
arc  often  thickly  populated   with  bacteria.    Money is handled, but stamps, in i
addition, are by many persons moistened
With   the  tongue,   which   makes   their I
cleanliness a matter of especial interest.'
"Never lick stamps,"   says the Hritish!
experimenter; and we must pronounce 1
his  advice  sound.      Says  an   editorial J
writer iu the Daily Mirror (London):
'""Pew people realize that every time I
thoy lick a postage stamp that has been i
exposed to the atmosphere or handled
by other people they aro liable tee all- I
sorb into their systems multitude^ of |
more or less virulent microbes.
"A very distinguished Hritish scion-!
tist has just concluded some remarkable j
tests, specially undertaken for the Daily
Mirror, to prove his theory that many
diseases aro frequently so
ed.    He bought some stamps at a post
oilieo and placed some of them straightway in tubes, which wero put in an incubator.
"Then he exposed the rest of the
stamps, gummed side upward, for four
hours iu a room with an open window on
a damp day. afterward similarly testing
. "Both sets of stamps were found to
bear noxious organisms, but the stamps
previously exposed to moist air had live
times as many as the others.
" 'Nvover lick staihps,' is his advice
to Daily. Mirror readers. He explained
that -lie found in the gum staphylococci,
of.'gi'Upe-like'clusters, of kinds which undo,*;, favorable conditions might produce
,'J"lie also found many bacilli—tlie
in£,*tiii*tty" perfectly harmless, although
■ontei-s,;. -Undoubtedly noxious—which it
would, take time to identify—could be
similarly picked up."
The scientist who made those experiments is quoted as saying:
"These grape-like organisms are
blown about in the air, clinging to fragments of dust. They do not go about
alone. The dust settles on a* stamp, and
the organisms go, too, the gum being
a hospitable medium.
"There are .also five times as many
organisms on a stamp that has been
handled than otherwise. Fingers are
specially likely to impart organising to
tlio gum because they are always slightly moist, though they maye appear dry.
Typhoid and scarlet fever are diseases
that appear peculiarly liable to be conveyed by stamps. But it is consoling to
remember that some of the most virulent diseases can only be cultivated in
media containing blood serum. Contact
of the kind described would not convey
"Dirty stamp-wetters of the type
used in most offices might easily become
Fr^ee Cook
If you hmve not received a copy of Magic
Cook Book, tend name
•nd addreta on poital
card and this valuable
little book will bc
■mailed free ef chart*.
Manufactured by
E. W. Gillett Co. Ltd. Toronto, Ont.
dians as Keboc,
nel.    The early
'aning a narrow
siouaries,  whu
conimunicat-  understood the*  Indian   language,   ,.,„
[that the worn Keleec means a narrowing.
Ontario is an Indian word, "O-no-tu
ri-o," meaning "Beautiful Hake." The
province formerly called Upper Canada,
was named after Luke Ontario.
Like Ontario. Manitoba is named from
a lake. The name Manitoba (Maniteeu.
the grout spirit, and ba, passing), is
from the Crec language and is said to
mean the '.'Passing of tin' Great
At one point in the lake, the shores
eef which arc generully low and marshy,
thore is a limestone bluff at. which the
Indians in paddling past found a strong
echo, which they thought the voice or
the Great Spirit, and hence called it
Manitou-ba. The name of this locality
became attached to the lake and afterward to tiie province.
Saskatchewan   comes   from   a
word  meaning "Swiftly  Flowing
Alberta takes its name from Her
Royal Highness, Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, wife of the Duke of Argyll1
and sixth ciiild of the late Queen Vic
Tho old provisional district of Alberta
was created in 1KS-, during the Marquis
of Lome's administration as Govornor*
General of Canada. During his term of
oflice, Their Excellencies visited the
Northwest, and wero entertained by
Lieutenant-Governor Laid, at Battleford, which was then the territorial seat
of the government.
II iv-
N the  early  history of   Canada   the
canoe played ho conspicuous a part
that  it  may  truthfully  be  said  to
have   been   one   or   the   makers of thc
1 country.    By means of canoes, war parties invaded the territory of the enemy;
the canoe carried the hardy ami adven-
•tlli'OUS voyagCUT to the remote parts of
! tlie wilderness and the discoverer to the
Canoe/' stands as tin
th'1 eutiie class -tin
the canoe family.
11   i.s  now  thirty-01
inauguration  of the
done much to mak
Peterborough, (hit.
industry was Colonel .1.
laid down tlie lines ami
highest   type
ne years  since th
industry  that   has
famous the city of
The pioneer nf' the
'/,. Rogers, who
constructed the
, have
slight variatio
■xjihuu t
canoes <
e ;,  look
he -lilt'
ill    till'   UK)
:it   the pn
which hi
t industrh
highly dangerous. They certainly should
bo more frequently cleaned, and I sug
gest that every household should keep a
Hat tin box with a layer of felt for
moistening stamps; the felt should be
thoroughly soaked with water to which
a few drops of glycerin have been added
to keep it moist, and a few drops of an
antiseptic, such as carbolic, also. Even
then, of course, the liquid should be
frequently changed.
"In forty-eight hours millions of
staphylococci and other bacteria c;ui In'
produced by cultures from a few isolated organisms. *
"People often buy single stamps :ii
pnst-ollices and tj.u.di them with dirty
hands on the counter; organisms ate
thus left on the counter for the next
t-on-er to take up. Uwavs refrain P.*om
I ni Icing your stamps, therefore,"
far North and distant W,
tion held today in the i
travel of the country by
express and  the through
st. The posi-
'ouinierce and
the passenger
freight train,
trable fi
height i
threw t
ilcns.' fi
courses i
the  lake
rly times, tilled by the bark
the Indians.
waterways in  a state of nature
once  the   only   highways   of the
tt   highways   they
und almost impcue
country.      Like   gr
wound through darl
nests which, from the northern
f land t.. the Gulf of Mexico,
he .lark, dark shade of their
Uagn over the contiue 111. The
.t' the rivers and the expanse of
s  were alone  open  to  the  sun
shine, ami by
furnished tlie on!
■travel and trans]
possessed   qualit ie
aid of canoe
available' tin1
rtation.    The
Ought we "to
or work  that
We both eat
We must rest
We  mav rest
\ The Play Day
WE must all have a play day. Play
recreates, and the real purpose,
a creating anew, should always
be kept in mind. "Killed while :it
play'' seems a terrible irony, as wc
road it in a news item,
rest that we may work,
we may rest? Neither,
to live and live to oat.
if we would' work ou.
if we work as wTe should.
Tf work is one of man's greatest
blessings, and it surely is, so is rest
one of his greatest, goods. Only the
fool attempts impossible reasoning as
to comparisons that will not compare.
The play day sliines beforn it comes.
Its anticipation is almost its larger half,
and rightly. It thus keeps up our nerve.
Probably the ox, a hard worker, does
not anticipate half an hour; lie begins
to trot when ill sight of the stall.
But man pictures thc palaces of a
round world trip for years and toils on
in hffpe. The memories of a'pla.y. day
nre riches which no sheriff can, attach.
They pay dividends by the hour in'our
old age when we sit crooning on a staff.
The general estimate nf recreation is
not sufficiently thoughtful. Too often
it is "Any old thing, so T get away
from work." This expk.rns the injuries
received, the impediments in our career
TilK Abenaki and Midline Indians
who inhabited Prince Edward h
land before its dlscovory by Europeans called it Ahegweit (resting on the
wave), ti beautiful ami descriptive
name. Early Europeans who visited the
island (tradition says Cabpt on St,
John's Day, Juno -1, 1U-7) named it
the Island nf St. John. la 170!), the
legislature decided to change the name
to Prince Kdwar.l Island, in honor of the
Duke of Kent, Queen Victoria's father,
who was theu in command of the British forces at Halifax.
Nova Scotia formed :i part of the
early Acadie. Sir William Alexander,
the Karl of Stirling, received from King
.lames in 1021, a charter granting him
an immense tract of land in North America including Acadie. This was called
Nova Scotia, a name which afterwards
was confined tu the peninsula or province now su called. The "Bnrom't- uf
Xova Scotia" were entitled to a grant
of land three miles broad on payment of
,£lo'J sterling each. The difficulty nt
infeofiing (investing with a freehold
estate) the Knights in their distant possessions wns overcome by the mandate
of King Charles, whereby a part of the
soil of Castel Hill. Edinburgh, magically
became the soil uf Xova Scotia.
When New Bruswick formed a part of
William  Alexaud
tn tin; use uf tin
tions then   pi'.'\
considerable lo;
it could be milages by meani
rapids   were   o\
uo canals t non
waterwavs under eondi
ailing, h could float a
<l and yet it was su [ighl
ly carried over t he por
uf w hich the numerous
ereome    fur  there  were
ur Hum the head of one
I of another. In
il was \ .rv son
rent I ime-- thousands
id white, crossed i lie
th.- Greal Lakes in
At i he same time it
, waterway  to  I hu  h
_ moderate   weather
, worthv, and at dill'e
uf men. both red an
j broad  expanse  uf
( these  frail crafts.
I was of exceedingly light draft, }
ling the navigation nf streams whose up
per reaches dwindled to more creeks. By
means of .-anoes the Indians broughl  i"
market at .Montreal their cargoes of furs
from tin- head uf Lake Superior and thr
upper waters of the Ottawa; by means
of canoes b'adissori. La Salle and other
oxplorers penetrated the far West, nuvi
gated  the  Mississippi   and  reached  the
I shores  of   Hudson   Hay.     Ami   in   later
days, when the fur trade had passed into
i the hands uf powerful concerns, like the
; Xurth-West Company, hundreds uf thou
sands of dollars1 worth  uf gm.ds were
| carried in canoes from Montreal to the
banks of the Rod  River, tu tin- plains
beyond, to the Peace River count rv and
the lower valley of tin-  Athabasca.
These early canoes were for the most
i part made of the bark   of   the   white
i birch, although the rroquois, for want of
i thc   birch,   built   their   canoes   of   elm
bark, which made a heavier craft. These
| canoes were quickly and easily built but
the grant  of Sir William Alexander, it jas easily damaged or destroyed, but thev
received the name of Alexandria In his1 were thu only kind uf a .-raft that the
honor. Xew Brunswick, its present
name, was given in 17S4, in honor of the
reigning dynasty of the House of Hruns-
Since IS*',; the name of Quebec has]
been given to the province formerly call-}
ed Lower Canada.
According  to  tradition,  the  promon- j
models that, witl
I n followed ev
In order to better explain iin ,j,;i, ,,.. -
style*, and grades nf c:
ket today let us take ;
ducts of the famous f
grown to be une uf the
of Peterborough.
The lirst step iu the
lug the material. The most of it is rut
within forty miles of Peterborough aud
brought down during the early spring.
Having been carefully graded and culled, it is cut into proper sizes, only the
selected portion being reserved for can
oes, the remaineder being sold t«. the
lumber trade. The selected material is
ben seasoned for one or two years. Kach
pile is handled several times during the
process of drying, so that the lumber
does uot become stained.
The seasoned planks are first planed
and then sawed into the required shapes
from patterns nf the required canoe, and
carefully planed ami sanded down tu Unrequired thickness,
The canoe is built over a model or
wooden frame, each plank ur strip of
material being made exactly the shape
from patterns. Only the most expert
workmen are employed, for each strip
ami rib has to be specially selected, so
that its pliability and grain will best
suit tlie use to which it is put. Material
containing ;t single defect or knot is rejected, even in building the cheapest
The canoe having been completed, so
far as the woodwork is concerned, it is
placed in a hot-air chamber in order to
drive out t<f tin- material any vestige
of moisture the material may contain.
Then it goes to the paint simp. Some
canoes   are   oiled   ami    varnished   only,
leaving the natural  color of the w P.
others are given a coat of paint ami then
varnished, the finish depending un the
style of craft and the use for which it
is designed. If it is tu be can\ a ; .-uver
ed, the body of the canoe is first well
oiled, and then the canvas covering is
put on and made to tit like a glove.
The most generally used ennoe i- the
" Rib and Batten.'' This is mad.' ui
wide planks fastened tu rock elm ribs
and battens. The ribs run from gun
wait- lu gunwale. The battens are made
of the same material and run parallel tu
the oak keel. They fulfill ii two fold
purpose of covering the joints uf the
planking and also stiffening the frame.
I-.a.di batten is fitted between tne ribs
by hand and cut to tin- curve uf the ribs
by a special tool. Between th.- batten!,
and plank is a strip of oiled linon iu
assist iu making thr joint water-tight,
This canoe is very still' and strong, an'!
used for a rough class ,,f work and large
ly   for   pleasure.     They  are   math'   iii   dif
ferent grades, such ;is painted has wood,
varnished bassw I. painted cedar, \ar
iii-hud cedar, mahogany, etc.
Another common canoe is lhe "Flash
I'.ai tun, This is the same as the abu*. «•
"iily tin' batten is inserted into the
planking, making the surface flush. This
makes tin- Canoe very --.rung. Tie'
and is used in the bet ter grade uf varnished canoe*.
Then there is the "Strip Canoe."
This is built withoul batten-. The rock
elm ribs run from gunwale tu gunwale
ami are veiy cluse together, there being
about twice ns many ribs to :i c&noo as
the batten canoes.    This is to make up
i    of    lln>    batt.m    and
very    strung.      The
i   from   narrow  st rips
and the edge nf each
ml jointed and dipped
to make  a  very  tight
long  dec
varnished.    Tl
light  gun wa letdown  weight,
that   is most  ;
work,as thev i
whole cam
second grad.
ami shorl de.
lt is this sec
morally used
v very light.
is   tin
tur   r
The best canoe made is without doubt
the "Cellar Rib." There are many of
these canoes in use now that have been
used continually for from twenty-five
to thirty years and are as sound as ever.
These cariues are built ttf cedar strips
about an inch wide, running from gun
wale tu gunwale, and fitted together by
a tongue and groove joint. This system
ui building caimes insures strength and
durability as well us lightness and
beaut v.
^pilK employment of circular disk
I oi
turning with great
but posesssing no teeth
edge, for sawing metal, has become common in many workshops. Among other
places wln-re such saws without teeth
are used are the celebrated Krupp gun-
works, where armor plate i.s sometimes
cut in this manner. The process is not
a newly discovered one. ' As long ago as
IS'J**} Harrier and Colladon, at Geneva,
experimented with swiftly rotating
disks of iron. They found that when a
disk about seven inches iu diameter
turned with a peripheral velocity of ten
metres per second, it could be cut with
a steel tool pressed against it, but that
when thc velocity was increased to
twenty-one metres per second the iron
was un affected and the steel tool was
damaged. At a velocity of sixty metres
per second the iron disk even cut quart/,
and agate.
IIK polar auroras—
trai—are mvsteri
plained.    Tlie the
boreal and aus
38 as yet uncx-
trics attributing
j thom tn optical, mngnctici, nnd oloctricnl
! cause's remain .lclcatalele*. I'rofossor
; Dudley, ot the University ul' Nashville,
i attributes tbem tc, the presence of noon,
n very rare gaseous element which i»oh-
se*sses the property of becoming lumin-
: ems.
This strange element  is niaeli
i tens by tin- acliecn ol' magnetic di:
11-- formed by cons.    Neon coudens
dor the notion "■ the cold of extremely
I high   atmospheric   rcujeens   ami   ot   the
Ujlacinl zeeiics.   Ur. Dudley has succeeded
in   isolating a   verv  small  quantity  ol'
this gas, which is a product  see evasive;
that eene hundred teens ol' air are reepcir-
ed tHr tl btaiiiing ol" a sitiyl,- quart.
The' experin ts of Professor Dudley
prove that a false aurora borealis in ail
ils colors may be producod by introducing noon into a rreeeenos tube anel subjecting i- I'. He.' acliein .el' ll.'i'l/.iau
un ves,
innnti hotel was
I'lee ic _-ne porter
Kiting '..as a wit
id  ;    lienrl"
AlliaiST  in  a  I'in
-h..i ceiiel killed.
eelc.  Icarel  lhe -ll
lie       .'   II:"  trial.
'' Uow   many   shet-
asked t he luwyor.
'' Two -dints, '-c<h,'' he replied,
' ' Uow  t'nr apart  wore I !ce\  '
■ T.'Mii like dis wny," oxpluiuod the
negro, chipping hi- hnnds wilh an inter
VOl eil  alec,III  II  s nd  betw   them.
" Where w  ecu «h,.u u,,, nrst shot
was  lire'd } ' '
r shoo cei de ha-..-
'I   ".' ci.
it   of  .1"
t   was   li
llh was
11    Udell
.1.. Dig I'
tur the omission
makes the canoe
planking is mad.
cat frnm patterns,
piece is grooved a
in varnish, Bo as
the result.    The great lawyer unbends' tory of Quebec  was  kuown to the In
Indian could build.
Upon the Indian 's handicraft the
white man has made great improvements. The modern canoe is more s(.;i
worthy than that, uf the Indian, almosl
as light and far more serviceable and
durable. The best modern canoe is made
in Canada, aad the craft known almost I canoe two methods an
the world over as the (* Peterborough | grade 1ms outside ma]
joint,     This  make   is   made   in   painted
bassw I. varnished basswood, painted
cedar and varnished cedar, etc, The
large n.-i^lit canoes used by thc Hudson Bay Co. and surveyors aro made
in thi-- style.
Tlie "Canvas-Covered Canoe" is also
becoming popular, especially for pros
pecting and exploration work. These
canoes arq built in two grades, both
.grades being built of the same material.
They nave ribs of wide -dar ami are
planked with thin cedar strips, Thoy
ai.- oiled und thr canvas carefully
stretched over the canoe su as tn tit like
a glove,    Tiie canvas is then filled with
a s] ial preparation tu make the '-an
watertight.     In   finishing  up  tho
' used.    The lirst
gunwales and
Dr. Marters Female Pills
Precioribed   and   recommended   leer   we n'.  cil
cnciccee, a scientific*!)) prepared rcnecelv of proeeie
worth. The re-cull from leVir life is ejuick »ncl
permsnent    Por -.ale at ail circle .tore,.
To Use
i-nl H.ie-'U.-r I r
sltil.l I
.11 t (.111 to I
i  Ki< )ii(il*.(>t) Co THE   TIMES,   HOSMER.   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
The Hosmer Times
One Year One Dollar ln Advance
Single Copies Five Cent.- Each
I'cileli-liecl every Thursday mornintrat Hosmer,
Hiitj-lc Columbia.
Time Tables.
Arrive Hosiner
No. 313 West  9.45
No. 314 East  IS. 33
No. 312 Local East  HI.'.
No. 311 Local West 20.23
No, 7 West Flyer 11.31
No. S Easl Flyer    1.00
Change took effect Sunduy A.ug. 21
No. 251 leaves Michel       0:15a. in.
Arrives al  Hosmer..      10:00 a. in.
No. 2.->2 leaves Rexford..       1,15p, in.
Arrives ai Hosmer ..     7:13 p. in
Tin* Times 'phone Nn. is Hi.
Percy Warr i> mi I In- sick list
llii~ week.
To Rent   Twoshacks.  Apply
tn  Norman   I Icllcle'l'Sllll,
X. Edgocomb, ,-i Fornie tailor,
was a Labor day \'isitor.
I. Bewsher made ,-t flying trip \ Ull][ on Wednesday,  September
Lei liliricl-i- last week, Hth, from :i to 9 o'clock,  every-
The Burt Lrason Stock Co.  at
ll pern house, Sept. 8, !). 10.
George Chamberlain is in
town from Coleman.
Sam Patterson, of Hillcrest,
wa.s a visitor in Hosmer Monday.
■John Beckett, of Corbin, was
among the sight seers here on
Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Warren
visited friends in Lethbridge on
A son came to grace thohome
of Mr. and Mrs. S. H. Edwards
on Saturday, September 3rd.
Miss Margaret Miller left on
Saturday evening for a weeks
visit with Mrs. J, Brown, of
Mrs. Etta Kirkpatrick and
Miss Grant, of Fernie, were
visiting at the home of Mr. and
Mrs. A. Mathieson on Monday.
A mud scraper or a rowing
boat would have been useful
Monday evening. It is pleasant
to have a little rain "sometimes"
L i k e ea ting, advertising
should be continuous. When
todays breakfast will answer
for tonnnorows you can advertise on the same principle.
The Ladies Aid society of the
Presbyterian church will give
in autumn tea in the I. O. O. F.
.Mrs. C. P.
ing friends in Fernie yesterday.
Mrs. George Miller, of  Blair-
body invited.
Don't forget the free moving
visit- picture   show   at   the   Quoens
Hotel, Saturday evening from
8:30 to 11 p. ni.
Arrange Exhibits Ear'v.
An extra effort is being made
this year to have all exhibits in
ship shape when the Spokane
Interstate Fair gates open on
the morning of Oct. 3rd. All
intending to exhibit ore are being notified by letter and
through the press that their exhibits absolutely must be in
place this year by Saturday
night, Oct. 1st, so that they
may be judged and all award
cards attached Sunday Oct. 2nd,
the day before the fair opens.
This rule particularly applies to
all apiary, agricultural, fruit,
fine arts, educational and women's exhibits. Unless this rule
is strictly complied with, late
exhibits will be barred out.
"Can be depended upon" is an
expression we all like to hear,
and when it is used in connection with Chamberlain's Colic,
Cholera and Diarrhoea Kemedy
it means that it never fails to
cure diarrhoea, dysentery or
bowel complaints. It iw pleasant to take and equally valuable
for childran and adults. Sold
by all druggists.
Go to old, reliable Pete for a
good shave, hair-cut or bath.
Pete's Barber Shop. lltf
ana Notary Public
HOSMER        - - B. C.
more, was u Hosmer visitor  on
Fred Goetz, of Blairmore, wa
a   visitor   here    Monday
T. II. Cox, nf the Elk Valley
Brewing Co., spenl Tuesday in
Pit Buss Watson, uf Coal
Creek, was the guest of .Juliu
Wylie Monday.
II. Hargraves, accountant
with the Home bank. Fernie,
was here Monday.
(1. Thomas ainl J. P. Morgan
were transacting business in
Fernie lasl week,
Robert Gourlay's horse won
second money in tin- races at
Fernie mi Monday.
1). Zieselman, cif the People's
Clothing store, made a trip to
Calgary last week.
Quite a lew of Ibe Masons of
Hosmer, visited the Fernie Lodge lasl Friday evening,
A. II. (ioodall and 11..I.   Ren-1
dull, of Cranbrook, spent Sunday and Monday in Hosmer.
An old tinier appeared in
town to enjoy the fun on Monday.     I lis hair betrayed him.
M. McGregor has resigned his
positional lhe depot and the
same i.s being tilled by .). -Salt.
Mrs. Fred Collins, of Pincher
Creek, was visiting her mother,
Mrs. Robert Gourlay on Monday.
A Fernie Orchest ra discoursed
tol be 1 losinel' st iiclelils   of   the
calistheuic art iu the opera
house ou t be evening of La bor
Mr. and Mi--. Ueorgo II. Gordon, left Monday I'or Corbin,
B. ('.. where t liev intend to reside.
Rev. M. f. Eby
Gay frocks and light attire
were at a discount on Labor
day. Mother Gamp came out
mdjof hiding and old Macintosh
appeared on the recreation
ground instead.
Is it possible tor amateur
footballers to lind a few dollars
weekly in the pockets of their
pants or inside their ordinary
boots after a match is finished ?
Can anyone in Hosmer tell a
For a comtortable shave or a
neat, artistic hair-trim visit the
shop of Sam Snell. 51 tf
Wben the fire whistle is blowing is no time to think about
insuring your house and furniture. Don't put off another
day. You should also consider
what company you insure in; R.
W. Rogers represents the best
Mrs. McMeekin invites tho
ladies of Hosmer to her opening
of Paris, London and New York
millinery patterns and novelties
where she will show them the
choicest selection of fall and
winter hats ever shown in the
Puss. The latest thing in veiling and trimmings at right
prices on -Saturday, Sept. 10th
and following days.
Not a minute should be lost
when a child shows symptoms
of croup. Chamberlain's Cough
Remedy given as soon as the
child becomes hoarse, or even
after the eroupy cough appeal's,
will prevent the attack. Sold
by all druggists.
Your complexion as well as
your temper i.s rendered miserable by a disordered liver. By
taking Chamberlain's Stomach
and Liver Tablets you can im-
I prove both.       Sold by all drug-
will pleach  ill ■ o*j.sts.
tin- Methodist church next Sun-! e-...-^.—
day evening on  tho Christian The Burt Imsom Stock Co.
Ideal. Tin- Burt  Iiuson  Stock coin-
Don'l forgot tin- Board of pany opened for a short en-
Trade meeting iu tho old school gagemont  at the opera house
lion- i Monday ovening, Sep  [September (ith, with  the west-
tember 12th, crn inelo-drania, "The Gambler
An examination for steam and The Girl" which pleased a
engineer-, will be held at For- good critical crowd. The scenic Friday; September Oth al I) ond night, tho old but ever new
o'clock iii tho i ning. "Rip Van Winkle"  with special
.,,,       . ., , scenery and a strong east, pleas-
■There is s • talk of a wood-     ,     „ ■'.        ,. h„„       l   . ,
,. ,    , ed a lair audience.     1 lie special
en spoon or a sei ol paste (bale- . , ,
,  ,   .   . ,   ,, ties are above the average,  es-
ers) medals being presented to a       .  ,.   .. „ .     .  ,.°'.
, , .    r, pecially Master Robert st. Clare
cel'l.'llll club III   lloMllor. |'        .    ,-'      . ..    .
| lonight tbey present "Only a
Don't waste your money buy- Jj*armen* Daughter." a strong
ing plasters when vou can K(,t ■>: pastoral drama in live acts with
bottle of Chamberlain's Lini- new ;lll(i pleasing turns
nieni for twonty-flve cent-. A On Friday night thoy will pre-
piece of Jlannel dampened with sout -Dad's Girl," a comedy
Ibis liniment is superior lo any drf,raa in four acts. Saturday
plaster for lame back, pains in Ujght, "Down East," a great
the side and chest, and much **olu, act drama. The company
cheaper. Sold by all druggists. ■ is \loar\el\ by the veteran actor, I
Chamberlain's, Colic- Cholera Burt Iiuson, who superintends
and Diarrhoea Remedy is today the show, and he guarantees a1
the besi knowi diciue in use first class performance,
for the relief and cure of bowel
complaints,     ll   cures griping. Coming Events.
,,       , , i      Hrvi'lstukr Kail fait'. September titli
diarrhoea,       dysentery,      and     ". *-v >
should bo taken al the lirst   nn-     Oraubi-ook Fall Pair,  September 21
natural looseness of the bowels, to 23.
It i- equally valuable for child-1   Nu'8"" m''' fcpton.***-*to8ft
"Liquor License Act 1910"
(Section 10)
Notice is hereby given that on tbe
24th day of Sept. next, application
will be made to the Superintendent of
Provincial police for thc grant of a
license for the sale of liquor by wholesale in and upon the premises known
as The Hosmer Ding and Book Store,
Lot 10, Block 5 situated at Hosmer,
B. 0., upon the lands described as Lot
16, Block 5.
Dated this 25th day of August A. D.
1SI10. William Robson.
Catholic Chukch—Mass every fortnight at Leithauser's basement, 10:30
o'clock, a. in. Rosary and Benediction at 7:30 p. m. J. .Salles, O. M. I.,
Ph. D.
Presbyterian Church— D i v i n e
service in Odd Fellows Hall on Sunday evening, at 7:30 o'clock. Sunday
school at 2:30 p. in. Choir practice
every Friday at 8 o'clock p. m. C. K.
Nicoll, Missionary.
English Church Services—Held
fortnightly at the Hosiner Opera
House. Second Sunday. Evensong at
7:30 *.>. m. Fourth Sunday, Holy Communion at 11 a. in., Evensong at 7:30
p. in. Fifth .Sunday, Evensong at 7:30
p. m. Biiant N. Crowther, M. A„
Curate in Charge.
Methodist Church—Rev. M. P.
Eby, B. A. Sunday School 2:30;
Prayer meeting Thursday 7:4.5; Divine
service, 7:30. The pastor's residence
adjoins the church, and he will always welcome any one who calls anon him for advice or help in any direction. He will be glad to be notified of any case of sickness. Strangers will be always welcome.
Hosmer - Fruit - Store
James Milo, Prop.
Fruits, Candies, Cigars, Tobaccos,
Etc., Ice Cream and .Soft Drinks
Next   door   to   Tony   Loinbardi's
old stand.
C. K. Laws Alkx I. Fihiikh, B. A.
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.
Good work at low prices and satisfaction guaranteed
B. C.
Clothing, Gent's Furnishings, Boots
and Shoes, Jewelry and Watches
Iire-cH Swell You Might m wall
HOSMKR, b. C. i*
G. M. HEDLEY, Prop.
Fresh Milk unci Cream delivered to all parts of the town.
**t**********ir***itiir1t*ie *****
* *
| New - Grocery - Store
t —!	
I Having opened a grocery
£ store In the John Farrce
{      building and will carry
% Staple and Fancy Groceries
$ Smoked and Salt Meats
| Confectionary,   Tobaccos
* A trial order solicited.
I Frank Farano
£ Front Street Hosmer, B. G.
♦♦♦-»♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦<
On Sale to any Part ot the World
If you wish to arrange for
your friends coining out to
this country, call and the
matter can bo arranged
without trouble for those
Full information given
upon application as to all
steamship lines.
I       W. T. WATSON       #
♦ AgontO. P. K. Hosmer f
♦♦♦<*♦■»♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦*»♦
rcii .-mil auults,
Sold by all drill
11 always cures
New Di'iivrr Fruit Fair, Ootobor Itb
Spokane Intcrstntti Fair, October 8
I to I).
purchased by the Garbutt Business College
for its schools at Calgary
nnd Lethbridge indicate
its unsurpassed equipment, its growth in three
short years and its infectious success. Better
attend and catch the
success infection. It will
mean a good salary when
you graduate. Write the
principal, If. G. Garbutt,
and tell him you will
enter at once.
Bath Rooms
Up-to-date.    You
are all welcome at
Pete's Barber Shop
Front St., Hosmer
Main Street HOSMEK, B. C
General Blacksmith
and  Horseshoer
AU kinds  of  Carriage  and Wagon
Repairing done on short notice
Main Street
Hosmer, B. C.
.    '     DEALER IN
!      TCig*ri
'   Tobaccos
Gent's Furnishings
General Merchandise
Smoked and Cured Meats
Opera House Block
Repairing Neatly Done While You
Wait.   Satisfaction Guaranteed.
Main Street Hosmer B. C.
BEF 3 TO 9, 1910.
The star attraction of the Spokane Interstate Pair, the one big feature
■vhich the management expect will bring the largest crowds to Spokaae the
eveek of October 3d, is ;he Curtlss Aeroplsne. This mirrelous lying
machine is the same one that won so many prises In Los Angeles last
winter, the one that made the successful flight from Albany to New Terk,
and also from New York to Philadelphia and return.
The contract which the Spokane Interstate Fair management ha* Bade
with the Curtlss Company of Hammondsport, N. Y., calls for a payment of
approximately (1000 a flight, and under the terms of the agreement, the
Curtlss Company nre o send two complete machines and their most expert
aviator. At least lour or more flights are to be made every day of the Pair,
October 3 to 9, nnd the machines will also be on exhibition on the grouate
at all times
What Does ii Mean to You?
No matter what your position may be, whether day laborer
or office manager, if you are in that discouraged line of men who
Ret the same pittance week after week without prospect of
anything better, it is time you appealed to the International Correspondence Schools. For 18 years they have been qualifying
dissatisfied workers fur better positions and higher salaries. No
matter what your circumstances are, they will qualify VOU for
a better position, a higher salary, and a safe future. The way ia
plain, easy, and sure for earnest men. It puts you under no
obligation to find ont how we can do this for you. Simply send
us a postal card requesting information. State the occupation
you wish to rise in. Can you afford to neglect an opportunity
for advancement*
■OX   78i,  aCRANTON,  PA.
P. O. BOX 30
In Homer Every Month FERNIE, 6. C.
Come in and spend your summer wages.      In fall and
winter   underwear   our    values    are    uncomparable.
Watson's heavy ribbed in fibre wool, per
suit $1.00, $2.50, $3.00.
Watson's   fine   ribbed  elastic   knit,   per
suit $2.50, $2.75, $4.50.
Wolsey's    Underwear,    per  suit,   from
$4.50 to $7.00.
Remember we have the largest stock of underwear in
the city.
Main Street HOSMER, B. C.
P. BURNS C& CO., Limited
Meat Merchants
Fresh and Cured Meats, Fresh Fish, Gamo and Poultry,   j j
We supply only the best.   Your trade solicited.   Markets   \
in all the principal Towns and Cities in British Columbia.
The Hosmer Mines, Ltd.
Hosmer Steam Coal
and Coke
Lewis Stockett,
General Manager
D. G. Wilson,
= Elk Valley Development Co.
A number of
very desirable
Lots for Sale
Townsite Agents Fernie, B. C.
# Here's where you can save money buying your ♦
Clothing, Boots, Shoes, Trunks, Valises i
sole agent foi THE HOUSE OF HOBBERLIN, Limited ♦
Call and see our stock of samples
I Next Door to Postoffice HOSMEK, B. 0.
♦ ♦♦♦♦■»♦ ♦♦»♦»»♦♦♦■»■*»'> ♦•»♦♦♦»♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦'


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