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The Hosmer Times Aug 11, 1910

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 SUBSCRIBE HOW
The Times
ONE DOLLAR a Year
THE HOSMER TIMES
SUBSCRIBE NOW
The Times
ONE DOLLAR a Year
Volume II.
HOSMEK, B. C, THURSDAY, AUGUST 11, 1910
Number 53
-~---^ ,,,,,>♦♦♦■»♦♦■»♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Every Home Needs New!
or BETTER FURNITURE'
Look c,v,*r our slock e,f
Sideboards
Dining Tables
Chairs
Lounges
Dressers
and Stands
Ranges, Etc.
Attractive goods
and low prices
A pleasure to show
you the goods
BENNETT BROS.
Hardware Furniture
ej**^*************************************
Thing's You Should Have in August
We have a most complete line us follows; Tanglefoot Fly Paper,
Chloride of Lime, Moth Balls, Mosquito Oil. Ammonia, Disinfectant*,
Polishes, Cleaning Compounds, Talcum Powder, Face Powder,
Creams,  Blood Purifiers,  Tonics.    Fruit   Salts,    Citrate   Magnesia,
e Effervescent .Salts, Sodium, Phosphate Lime Juice, Headache Wafers,  Shampoos,  Hair Tonics,  Corn  Cure,    Foot   Powder,   Sponges,
' Soaps, .Scott's Emulsion, Wampoles Cod Liver Oil, Beesham's Pills,
leAllinhury's Foods, Mellin's Food, Horlick's Malted Milk, Boviil, Robinson's Patent Barley. Robinson's Patent Groats, Nestles Milk Food,
, Fluid Magnesia, Joy's Root Beer and thousands of other lines and
every line fresh.
A. B. CAMPBELL
?**••****•*******•**•*****+*********•*••••*•*
Marlatt's Money Savers
Ladies' White Muslin Blouses, special $1.50, .$].2.">, .$1.01), 7.V
Princess House Dresses $1,26, $1.50, $1.60, $1.7.",, $2.50
Black Lisle Hose, extra special 25c
The D. A: A. Princess Corset $1.2.",
The 1). & A. Direcfoire with Hose Supporters $1.50
This is a most comfortable and perfect lifting corset and guaranteed
to give extra satisfaction.
LADIES!     YOUR INSPECTION IS INVITED
| GEO. H. MARLATT
Opera House Block
Phone 12
j^^¥¥¥^¥J^¥4¥4M^J|l¥¥¥¥¥¥¥^¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥Af¥^^¥¥¥¥¥+4^¥¥¥¥^
► ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ *■*■*>*.*.*.*. *.*-*>*.*<***■*■*.
JOHN WYLIE
DEALER IN
I Staple and Fancy Groceries
t
New Goods  Fresh Stock
A Trial Order Solicited
ix Gabara Block
Hosmer, B. C.
HOSMER    HOTEL
MARIE SORKIE, Prop. MIKE SORKIE, Manager
Fine Wines, Liquors and Cigars
Any kind of mixed drinks that you call for will be
served in First class .style
Best   Rooms   and   Meals   in   the   Town
YOUR TRADE SOLICITED
Front St.
Hosmer, B. C.
FOOTBALL LEAGUE
MATCH AT HOSMER
Brilliant Win for the Locals—
The Duck's Egg Broken.
We ROYAL
The only Commercial Hotel
Sample Rooms Main St., Hosmer
Queen's Hotel   !
ROBT. GOURLAY, Prop. X
Transient rates $1 per day, special rates by the week *
Opposite ('. P. I!, depot, Hosiner, B. O. %
■■ - *
^«=.^eaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaBBBaaa^M "^^^e""1"™"^^^.1""    ju
Big Free Moving Picture Show!
EVERY SATURDAY NIGHT gff/S f
+ New fuatui'H films i-nrli week Undei' the operation of Joe Kuklo ij
****************************************************
The fates are often Inrdy.uye,
unkind even to those who want
to leap too quickly into prominence, but a small slice of fortune is reserved for those who
await the course of events.
Nothing truer could be written
of football. When a club is in
the top of form everything
seems to favor it, but it is anti-
podeau in thc eyes of tbe supporters if victories cannot be
secured at least on the home
ground. Hosmer has had its
share of ill-luck, but let us hope
that Saturday's well merited
win will act as an incentive to
| the players to raise the club
! from its lowly position on the
league table. This is the first
I game won by the homesters in
the competition and may others
follow. There was a large attendance of spectators. Coleman brought with them a
strong eleven expecting to carry
off the double honors in snatching full points in the return
match with the bottom raters.
The players who took the field
were:
Hosmer—F. Oakes; E. Partridge and O. McQueen; A. Houston, W. Balderstone and J.
Campbell; J.      Errington,
D.  Harrison, J,   Mitchell,   W.
Partridge and W. Rankin.
Coleman—M. Morrison; J. E.
Plant and W. Hogan; J. Mussel,
Alex Eastoii and P. Travers; H.
Holms, J. Gordon, J. Graham,
John Smith and E. Gresseck.
McQueen won the toss for
Hosmer. The visitors were not
long iu showing that they,
meant business and, playing
against a stiff breeze, the ball
was smartly carried towards
tho home goal, but only to
meet with a stubborn defence
in Partridge and McQueen, a
powerful drive by the latter
placing the ball well into Coleman quarters. The Hosnier
forwards followed up with a
fierce attack on their opponents
defence and certainly experienced hard lines in not scoring, the
goalkeeper being so severely
pressed that he had to concede
a corner that eventually proved
fruitless. Not to be so easily
beaten off, the home lot returned to the citadel, and so persis-
I tent and dangerous were they
in their methods that one of
the visitors was paralised for
handling the ball. Captain McQueen made no mistake with
the kick and drove the ball,
with good force, between the
posts at an angle that gave the
Coleman custodian no chance
to save. Restarting, the visiting team came away witli a
rush but were repulsed by the
able play of the home backs
who were in rare fettle. For a
time midfield play ensued until
Coleman wakened up and gave
tlie Hosmer people some warm
minutes in the vicinity of their
goal. Offside relieved the pressure but, determined to get on
level terms, Coleman came on
again, and this time had their
reward in scoring a well earned
goal just before half time.
Hosmer resumed in good
style and from Mitchell's kick
off made themselves busy
around the quarters of thoir
opponents, who were, during
this half, seldom over midfield.
Errington found another opening and the spectators did not
fail to express satisfaction, but
when Harrison placed the result beyond all doubt, they
made the echoes resound, and
! the applause might have been
I heard in Coleman. A few minutes later Hosmer felt happy
and contented with their first
league retory. Result:
Hosmer—3 goals.
Coleman - 1 goal.
Lowery's Upper Stope
There is uo hotel at Corbin.
Oats are seven cents a pound
in Fort George.
Victoria is to have sixty more
street lamps.
Grand Forks will hold its first
fair this fall.
T. Morry died of heart disease
at Inverness.
Chickens are plentiful in New
Westminster.
The hay crop is very light in
the Nicola valley.
A police station has been
built at Aldermore.
Hedley will havea celebration
on Labor day.
Wenatchee ships ten carloads
of fruit every day.
The 0. P. R. has enlarged its
yards at Coleman.
The teamsters have organized
a union in Victoria.
Dann Mann paid his first visit to Stewart last week.
The rate of taxation in Prince
Rupert is 15 mills.
This year, Keremeos will produce better apples.
For the second time, Lillooet
is to have a newspaper.
Sixteen rooms have been added to the hotel at Telkwa.
There is some talk of starting
a paper mill at Wardner.
In Revelstoke, retail liquor licenses cost $400 a year.
The Man-to-Man magazine
has appeared in Vancouver.
Seeleyville, on tho Skeena
river is fast becoming a town.
There are three banks in Penticton waiting for business.
Fort George is crying aloud
for a government land agent.
Just west of Greenwood, the
hay crop is light this summer.
There are 10,000 vacant houses and apartments in Seattle.
L. W. Carter has started a
general store at Port Alberni.
A natural gas plant is being
installed at Gleichen, Alberta.
A school houso is being built
at Taber that will cost $51,000.
Bob Kelly thinks that there
are 130,000 people in Vancouver.
A bear was recently killed
within the city limits of Vancouver.
John Conway has been appointed mining recorder at
Stewart.
A negro in Chilliwack was
fined $50 for selling cider to
Indians.
Mining, on Nine Mile mountain, is making Hazleton prosperous.
At Coleman, the police use a
wheel-barrow as a patrol wagon.
Nelson has defeated Grand
Forks, at baseball, twice in
twelve years.
A liquor license has been
granted to the Empress hotel,
at Stewart.
There are 450 men working
iu the Centre Star mine at
Rossland.
Mike Bone was fined $250 for
running a blind pig in Revelstoke.
Herb Hankin has made several coal locations in the Bulk-
ley valley.
The Imperial Oil  Co.  is putting in  new  storage tanks at
1 Ladysmith.
At White Horse, oil is used to
i decrease the output of mosquitoes.
The bridge across the Bulkley
j river, at Morisetown, has been
\ opened.
MAYOR J. J. SCOTT
COMMITS SUICIDE
****************************************************
Pincher's Chief Magistrate Takes
His Life Sunday Evening
The  following   t
ihi
'    shows
the standing in the
('row's Nest
Pass football leagu.
Won 1
o.sl
Draw I'l-..
1
■i       VI
Coal Creek            1
1
1        11
Bellevue  H
*,
:i         n
Fernie  'i
1
1            7
Prank  i
1
■1       (1
1
:t        .->
Ooleiiiaii   1
1
0          1
II. Webb has sold his ranch at
iSardis to W. I'.. Watson, for
; $20,000.
i    Recently, fourteen carloads of
cattle wore shipped from Sav-
1 ona in one day.
There will be il convention of
|poultryinon in Vaucouver upon
| the lHth.
At Hup,', liie longshoremen
I refuse   to   work   lor   liess   than
fifty cents an li iltl*.
Mutton i-- 15 etuis a pound in
New Westminster, and old potatoes 75 rents a sack.
In Trail, a mail was lined $10
and costs for allowing his cow
j to roam the streets.
Thirty year*, ago, .1. B. Greav-
i es  came  tn   British    Columbia
and worked  for $10 a month.
Now   he  owns  eXO.IHK)  acres  of
land in Ihe Nicola valley and  is
: a millionaire.
A tragedy occured at Pincher
Creek Sunday evening by which
Pincher Creek lost its chief
magistrate. Mayor J. J. Scott
killed himself in a fit of despondency, discharging tho contents of a shot gun into his
breast. Just before committing the awful deed he telephoned for Constable Rea, and
while the latter was entering
the gate of the Mayor's residence he heard the shot which
terminated .Scott's earthly career. Deceased was alone in the
house at the time of the tragedy
Mrs. Scott being absent visiting
friends at Mcleod. A gloom
has settled on the community
and flags are flying at half mast
on the buildings. Deceased
was 50 years of age and popular with all in the community.
He leaves no children.
Mayor Gaynor of N. Y. Shot.
New Fork, Aug. 9.—Mayor
Gaynor was shot and probably
fatally wounded when ou board
the steamer Kaiser Wilhelm
der Grosse ready to go to Europe on a vacation. His assailant was arrested and gives his
name as Gallagher. He had
been a city employee and gives
as his motive that tho mayor
had beon the cause of his losing
his position. He is thought to
be insane. The bullet struck
the mayor in the head and small
hope is entertained for his recovery.
New York, Aug. 10--The foT-
lowing bulletin on the condition
of Mayor Gaynor who was shot
and dangerously wounded yesterday, was issued at 7:30 this
morning: The Mayor has rested comfortably since five o'clock
He is taking nourishment, and
at the presen time his condition,
in the opinion of the attending
physicians, is satisfactory.
The Spelling of Words.
The vagaries of our language,
especially the spelling of words,
aro a severe strain on the
nerves of most people who
pretty often look upon tho
newspaper man as a sort of infallible being in this respect.
Place-names aro frequently
very trying even in the editorial sanctum and a phonetic
slip may raise trouble. A few
late residenters of North Britain found a weak spot in thc
editor's armour the other day
and tho claymore was unsheathed, but no blood spilt. The
heather was, however, on fire
and tho defaulter was sharply-
taken to task for his foolhardi-
ness in daring to murder the
name of a town famous, world
wide at one time for its shawls
and now more noted for its
sewing cotton which is traded
over every part of the globe.
Tho editor duly apologised to
his friends for the grave error
and faithfully promised to eradicate the shortcomings hy making himself better acquainted
with the mother tongue of his
interrogators. These little difficulties were easily vanquished:
Each morning aud evening he
manfully tackled peas brosc and
S0O1' dook; an oatmeal cake,
a couple of soda scones and a
bowl of porridge served for
daily lunch; and, after testing
the digestive organs with the
haggis, wound up the ordeal by
swallowing the contents of a
bottle of Scotch. The language
is, after all, not so hard to master, its terrors have fled and thp
intricacies of Eoclefechan,
Aueliteriiuiohty and Milngavie
(not Milguy) are really nothing.
The quotation of further place
names would appoar superfluous
but lot our readers try their j
vocal strings on this sentence,
repeating at express speed:!
"Bii'glon's wee renin rid hinis
reek briskly.
The llosmer football club will
give a basket social at the opera!
house. Monday evening, August |
22.     Everybody is invited  in
come. I
Main Street
***********************************
R. CHATFIELD
Watchmaker and Jeweller t
 !
Prompt Attention Given to    j
all Kinds of Watch Repairing J
*
.lust received a nice Hn,* ol j
SOUVENIR SPOONS j
Cell and sice thrin »
Hosmer, B. C. j
*■ *****************
PRESERVING FRUIT
PEARS     . • .     PLUMS
PEACHES
Quality the  Best,  antl  the  Price   will
Suit you
FRED COX C0HFECTI0NERY*ICE
mmmmmmmSSmWmSmmmsMmssssssssssssssssm   CREAM    AND     FRUITS
********************************************
Real Estate Bargains
For some snaps in real estate call and
see me. Some good houses and rooms
for rent. Agent for life and accident
insurance in thoroughly reliable companies.
R. W. ROGERS
Tost Office Block HOSMER, B. C.
*******************************************
****************************************************
L-U-M-B-E-R
If it's l,iinl»'i-you un1 iii Heel of, wi'hav,* it.      Our specialty  is
Mu, manufacturing of all kinds and grades of lumber, any dimension
J.  or quantity desired,
X There aru no distinctions niudu iu the filling of orders, they all
J  receive the same prompt and careful attention.
I The Elk Lumber Company, Ltd.
J C. H. Bomford, Agent Hosnier, li. C. ?
BANK OF MONTREAL
(ESTABLISHED 1S17)
Capital All Paid Up $14,400,000 Host !iil2,(K»(),(X)0
head office Montreal
Rt. Hon. Lord eStnitlieoiui and Mount  Royal, G. C. M. G.
Hon. President.
H. li. Angus, Esq., President.
ISir  Edward Clouston, Hurt., Vice  President nnd General
Manager.
Branches in British Coi.imhia
Armstrong, < Ihilllwaok.' !lovordalo, Kudo-ley, Qroonwood, licence-!-. Kolowna. Morrltt,
Nccl-eciM. New DOIIVOI*, Nie-celil,  N'e-W   We-stniinstcr,  IVnlielieli. l»l-inc-e' Ruportc tlOSHlan*ce*
Summorland, Vancouvor, Vernon, Vlotoria.
Savings Bank Department
Itcpiesiis nf ?i and upward raootvod. Intorost allowod nl curront rate*, tind nald
half yoarly, Tho depositor Is -ulije-ci tee no dolay whatovor ln tho withdrawal of tho
wheeli' ui-nny part nf tlece dopoirit.
C. B. WINTER, Manager Hosmer Branch
GEO.   McMURREN
All kinds of Draying done on short notice
AGENT FOB
The Celebrated Tabor Goal Dry Wood for sale
If ft C MFD       ORDERS LEFT AT THK QUERN'S HOTEL      B     f*
fmXttjl. lata*IV WILL RECEIVE PltOMIT ATTENTION        Dm   V.e»
****************************************************i
X Jos. Asselin F, H. Ingham
*
*
*
I Hosmer Livery & Transfer Co. \
Livery, Cartage and Feed Stable
Rigs at all Hours at Reasonable Prices
Dealers in Coal
t   FRONT STREET
HOSMER, B.C.
*
%,..***** ************************ *** ******************i
Elk Valley Beer
Beverage of Quality
Manufactured from Canadian Mall. Boliemiun
Hops and I In1 famous Crystal Spring Water
Elk Valley Brewing Co., Limited
CRYSTAL SPRINGS, B. C, (Via Michel)
I THE HOSMER TIMES
A Husband by Proxy
Bp JACK STEELE
(O-prriffct, 1K», by DmbmJ TiliOtidi Im.)
Synopsis
|)i'nii
Jerold Garrison, a penni)t?ss criminologist, opens iiii office in New .York.
His first, client ia :i young anil Itcauti-
ful woman evidently of tin? upper classes. She requires his services to procure
her a husband—a spurious husband, for
a time. Garrison accepts the office himself, when a second client appears. This
(Ment wishes him to work on a murder
case. He accepts this also. This commission necessitates his depart ure for
Hickwood, -VV., ami he calls ou his
lirst clieni l" take instructions, and to
explain bis movements. She has informed him that his name is to be Fairfax,
and under this name he meets her dis-
agreeable relations.    These relations, an
in for the property vou would
liquidate
bis debts?"
Dorot hy nodded again.
She sai.l: "It is terrible! Da
vou see
the -slightest   ray of hop.-.'"
Garrison ignored tin1 query f
ir a mo-
meat.
■ ■ Where i> Poster now ?''
"No  one  knows—he  seems
to   have
run   away—that's   one   id*   the   worst
thine
-Hut
lu
yon  came   ove
him,'" said Garrison.
Dorothy  (lushed.
1 'That was my unpuls
you told me about the <
knew what else I could do."
4' Vou are verv fond of Post
1 admit, when
ars.   1 hardly
not only Foster, but Alice as well, and
now sbe'felt an immense relief to have
a man's clear-headed aid.
■Garrison held out no specific hope.
The case looked black for young Dur-
gin at the best, and the fellow had run
away. A trip to the small Connecticut
towu of Rockdale, where Hardy had
once resided, and to which it had long
been liis wont to return as often as once
a month, seemed to Garrison imperative
at this juncture.
He meant to see -Turtle at six, aud
.start for the country in the evening.
He outlined his plan to Dorothy, acquainting her with the fact that he had
captured Theodore's spy, from whom he
hoped for news,
"No.   I.ld rather leave that to you.''
"By the way," he said, his mind recurring; to the motor-car incident and
all that had followed, "did you know-
that when you deserted me so abruptly
on the bridge, the chauffeur also disappeared—and left me with the auto
on my hands/' *
"Why, uo!" she said. "What could
it mean?*-'
'*It .seems to have been a stolen ear,"
he answered. "It was left in charge
of a strange young woman, too poor to
own it—left her by a friend. She found
it iu my possession and accepted my explanation as to how it was 1 chanced
to have it in my care. She is living in
a house near Washington Square.''*
"How very strange!" said Dorothy,
who had suddenly conceived some queer
feminine thought. "If the house near
Washington Square is nice, perhaps you
might take me there. Hut tell me all
about it! ''
What could be actuating her woman s
mind in this was more than he could
tell. But—why not take her to that
house as well as to any iu Xew York7
"AH right." he said. "It's a very
nice place. I'll tell you the story as
we go."
CHAPTEB XXIII.
The Enemy's Tracks
On tin
way returning to Gotham, Garrison learned every fact concerning
John Hardy, his former places, of residence, liis former friends, his ways of
life and habits that lie deemed important to the issues and requirements now
in hand, with Dorothy's stepbrol her
more than half suspected of the crime.
Dorothy gladly Supplied the information. She had "been on the verge of despair, harboring her fear ami despair all
alone, with the loyal desire to protect
With excitement ami chagrin in all
his being he glanced through the story
of himself and Dorothy—all th.it young
Robinson could possibly know, or guess,
dished up with all the sensational garnishments of which tne Xew Vork yellow press is capable.
Sick and indignant with the knowledge that Dorothy must be apprised of
this at once, and instructed to remain
in hilling, to induce all about her to
guard her from intrusion and to refuse
to see all reporters who might pursue
the story, he hastened at once towards
Washington Square, and encountered
his "wife,'* almost upon entering the
house.
She was white with alarm.
lie thought she had already seen the
evening sheet.
"Jerold!*' she said, "something terrible has happened. When I got up,
half an hour ago to dress—my wedding
certificate was gone'"
uncle, an aunt, and a cousin, show marl;
ed hostility to Mr. Fairfax, Garrison'f
pseudonym, but he gets a private iuter
view with his supposed wife, who, be
fore he leaves, gives him a leather ease,
containing two valuable necklaces. Garrison departs for Hickwood ou the mur
der case and is the victim of an at
tempted burglary, apparently with the
necklaces as its object. Pursuing his
search for murder clues, he discovers a
poisoned cigar near the spot where the
deed was committed. Following up this
discovery, to his horror he funis that his
client-wife wus niece to the murdered
man. and gave him tlie cigars of which
this one. Gradually the web of evidence
seems to grow around the girl uutil
there seens no escape from the conclusion that she is the guilty one. Meanwhile -ho disappears from the auto in
which Garrison and she were driving,on
Brooklyn Bridge, Garrison institutes a
search for her, He wins over an agent
of the Kobinsons. named Tuttle, to his
side, and Later discovers Dorothy in
"New Jersev,
T
HABTFR   XXII.—(Continued)
A Man in the Case
■IHE   box  had   been  opened  and   two
cigars   had   been   so   loaded   with
poison that when he bit oil' one, at
the "ti'l, to light it up, he got the deadly .-tut]' on his tongue—and was almost
instantly  stricken."
Despite the dimness of the light in
the room Dorothy's face showed very
white.
She asked: "What kind of poison?"
He mentioned the drug.
'•Not the kind used by photographers.'" she asked  in affright
"Precisely.    Foster, then
grapher?"
"He nse.l to be, but  Oh. I don't
-it's  terrible!     Jt 's  ter-
photo-
lie-
see h
rible!"
She arose ami crossed the room iu agitation, then presently returned.
"Vour suspicions may be wrong,'*
said 1 Inrrison, who divined she had
something on her mind. "Why not tell
me all about it, and let me assist, if i
can?     What   sort   of  a  looking man  is
Fi
-tei \
Rath
ir   s
ling.
Hut
may
be
eve 1,
*  e-ce
But \
OU
1 've
bee
•itnall, and nearly always
he may nut have done il!
innocent! J t only you
a now!" she said. "1 don't
mid have done it! "
half suspect it was he?'"
u afraid ui it all -..long,'*
she suid. in an outburst of confession.
"Before I even knew that Uncle John
waa murdered before you told me, \
mean 1 fell afraid that something of
the Kind miglll have happened, and
since that hour I've been nearly dis
tracted by my thoughts! "
"Let's lake it Blowly," said Clarri-
BOB,   in   his  soothing   way.   "I   imagine
there   lias  I u  either anger or  hatred.
-Spite or pique nn t he part n|' your step
brother, Poster, inwards John Hardy
in  the  past. "
■ ■ Ves c, ent hing! Uncle John
spoiled Foster at first, but when he
found the bo\ wa- gnmbling nn Wall
Street, he mt him oil' and refused to
Supply him ihe means tn pay oil' the
debt • iie Imd conl racted, Poster i hroat-
ened al the tun.*.
"The breach grew wider. Uncle didn't know he wa- married to Alice. Fos
ter wouldn't let me tell. He'had used
up nearly all ot Alice's money. She re
fused t" mortgage anything mure, after
1 took the necklaces, on a loan—and if
Foster Joemi'l gel ten thousand dollars
in August I don t know what he'll do!"
Garrison wa- following the threads ni
tin- quickly delivered narrative ap best
he might. It revealed a great deal, bul
nol   all
"I am  very fond of Alice."
Garrison  was glad,    ile  could  even
have been jealous of a  brother.
"But how could Foster have tampered with your cigars.'" he inquired.
"Was he up there at Hickwood wheu
you   left   them.'"
"He was there all the time of uncle's
visit, in hiding, and even on the night
of his death," she confessed in a whisper. "Alice doesn't know of this, but
he admitted it all to me."
"This is what you have been trying
to conceal from me all the time," Garrison observed. "Do the Kobinsons have
their suspicions?"
"1 can't be certain. Perhaps they
have. Theodore lias exercised a very
bad influence on Foster's life, lie intimated once to mc that perhaps Uncle
John had been  murdered."
Garrison thought for a moment.
"It is almost impossible for anyone
to have had that suspicion who had no
guilty knowledge," he said. "Theodore was, aud is, capable of any crime.
If he knew about the will and believed
you had not fulfilled the conditions, by
marrying, he would have had all the
motive in the world to commit the crime
himself. "
"But," said Dorothy, "he knew nothing of the will, as I told you before."
"And he with an influence over Foster, who did know all about the will?"
Dorothy changed color at once, she'
was startled.
"1 never thought of that," she admitted.  "Foster might have told."
"There's a great deal to clear up in
a case like this." said Garrison, "even
when .suspicions point your course, i
think I can land Mr. Theodore on the
things he attempted on ine, but not just
yet. He may reveal himself a little
more.     Besides,   our   alleged   marriage
II hardly bear a close investigation."
For the moment Dorothy was more
concerned by his personal danger than
by  anything   concerning  the  case.
"Vou told me a little of what was attempted in the park," she said. "I've
thought about it ever since—such a
terrible attack! If anything dreadful
should  happen  to you "
She broke off suddenly, turned crimson to her hair, and dropped her gaze
from  his face.
In that moment he resisted the greatest temptation of his life—the impulse
to sink at her feet on his knees, and tell
her of his love. He knew she felt, as
ho did, the wondrous attraction between
them; he knew that to her, as to him
self, the impression was stroug thai
they had known each other always} but
hired as he had been to conduct au affair in which it had been particularly
stipulated theft- was to be no sentiment,
or even the slightest thought of a development* he throttled his passion aud
held  himself in check.
1'Some guardian angel must have
hovered near." was all he permitted
himself to reply, but she fathomed thc
depth   of  his  meaning.
fa
"I see." Ih
>w could I'Y
■ath of Mr.
Dorothy tn
"lie kuew
"Tlie    will
01 .'"
"1 hi
pe  some  good  spirit  mav  con-
fcinue  U
be  helpful- to  ns  both."  she
-aid.
'What    aie    vnu   going   to   do
next .'"
"T;i .;
■ you bach to New Vork," suid
Garripoi
. " I must have you mar.   But,
while   1
think of  it.  please answer one
thing   m
ue.    llow did  it   happen that
your   nn
de s   life  was   insured   for  that
inventoj
iu  Eiickwi od, i bar les Scott?''
"The:
■   were   lifelong   friends,"   said
Dorothy
"Thev    began    as   boys   to-
gether.
Unclc John  was saved by this
mtftented quietly. "Bu1   I believe, ley so,,,,* ,,thor friend
hope   tee   profit   lev   tile
I l.e My.'"
tj,*.i verv while again.
• i iin* will."
Mint   was  drawn   iu   vour
"Yes."
"Anil lee' though! that ynu were mai
riefl, thut the* conditions of the will
had been fulfilled <"
Dorothy nodded  assent.
Garrison's impulse was i<e push ;e
pent in personal :ifi'r,i,-^ and ask il" she-
li a 1 really married some Fairfax, ,,e,i
yet upon the scene. I'ut he* adhered
strictly to  business.
' " W'leal you  fear is that   Poster, aware*
that you would become your uncle's
heir, muy have hastened your uncle's
end. in the  hope that  when you came
Mr. Scott, when lie wns twenty one —
his life was Baved, I mean, And he was
very much in love* with Mr. Scott's sis
!-'!■. Hut something occurred, 1 hardly
know what. The Scotts never hail much
money, ami they lost the little thoy had.
Miss Scott was verv shamefullv treated,
the
group, and she died before she was
thirty—I've heard as a result of some
ureal   uo happiness.
"Uncle and Mr. Scott were always
friends, though they clrifted apart to
some extent. Mr. Scott became nn inventor, and spent nil his poor wife's
money, nud also tun,Is that CTncIe John
supplied, on his inventions. The insurance was 1'ncle John's Inst plan for be-
i ! ie'llell:)^   |US   (e|l|  (ilUC   C OIO p.'l 11 i Oil.   TllCrC
was ine one else to make it in favor of.
for, ol course, ih,. estate would take
.■are cef the1* heirs that he wisheel to
remember.        1) i   that   answer   your
tjlll'-l ielll .' ' '
"Perfectly," said Garrison. "1
think if you'll make ready we will start.
Is there any particular place' in Xew
Vork where you prefer to stay?"
By the time they came to the house
near Washington Square, Dorothy was
all but asleep from exhaustion. The
strain, both physical and mental, to
which she had been subjected during
some tune past, and more particularly
during the past two days, told quickly
now when at last she felt ready to place
all dependence on Harrison and give up
to much-needed rest.
The meeting of Miss Ellis and Dorothy was but slightly embarrassing to
Garrison, when it presently took place.
Explaining to the woman of the house
that his "wife"' desired to stop all
night iu town, rather than go on to
Long Island, while he himself must bc
absent from the city, he readily procur
ed accommodations without exciting the
least suspicion.
(inrrison merely waited long enough
to make Dorothy promise she would
take r, rest without eleluy, and then ne
weut himself to a hotel restaurant, near
ley in Fifth Avenue, devoured a most
substantial nie*al, unci was five minutes
late at his oilice.
Tuttle hail not yet appeared. Thc
hall before the door was deserted. The
sign on his glass hail been finished.
Garrison went in. There were letters
all over the floor, together with Dorothy's duplicate telegram, a number of
cards, and some advertising circulars.
One of the cards bore the name of one
.1. P. Wilder, and the legend, "Representing the New York Evening Star."
There was nothing, however, in all the
Stuff that appeareel to be important.
Garrison read the various letters hastily, till he came to one from the insurance company, his employers, requesting
haste in the matter of the Hardy case,
and reminding him that he had reported but once.   This he filed away.
Aware at last that more than half an
hour had gone, without a sign from his
man, he was ou the point of going to
the door to look out in the hall when
Tuttle's shadow fell upon the glass.
"I stayed away a little too long, I
know," he saiel. "I was trying to get
a line on old man Robinson, to sec if
he'd give anything away, but I guess
he's got instructions from his sou,
who's gone away from town.'"
"Gone away from town?" repeated
Garrison.    "Where has he gone?''
"I don't know. The old man would-
n 't say.''
"You haven't seen Theodore?"
"No. He left about five this after
Hoon. The old man and his wife are
stopping in .Sixty-fifth Stret, where they
used to live some months ago."
"What did you report about me?"
"Nothing except 1 hadn't seen you
again," said Tuttle. "The old man
leaves it all to his son. He didn't seem
to care where you had gone."
Garrison pondered the matter case-
fully. Ile made almost nothing out of
Theodore's departure from the scne. It
might mean much or little. That Theo
elore hael something up his sleeve ho entertained no doubt.
"It's important to find ont where he
has gone." he said. "See old Robinson
again. Tell him yuu huve vital information ou n special point that Theodore
instruct ed you to deliver to no one but
himself, uinl the old man may tell you
where you should go. 1 um going out
of town tonight. Leave your uddress
iu euse 1 wish to write."
"I'll do my best," said Tuttle, writ
ing the address on u card. "Is there
anything more I''
"Yes. You know who thc two men
were who knocked me down in Gentral
Park unci left a bomb iu my pocket.
Get around them in any way you can
ascertain whut agreement they had with
young Robinson, or what instructions:
unci lind out why it wus they did not
role me. Conic here at least once a day
right along, whether you find me in or
not.''
Once more Tuttle stated he would do
his best. He left, unci Garrison, puzz
ling over Theodore's latest movement
presently locked up his office and departed from the building,
, lie was no more' than out on the street
than he came upon Theodore's tracks in
a most unexpected direction.    A news
boy came by,   loudly   calling   	
wares.     An   Evening Star, beneath  his  HOD
CHAPTER XXIV
A New Alarm
Without, for a moment, comprehending the drift of Dorothy's fears, Garrison led her to a parlor of the house,
looking nt her iu a manner so fixed that
she realized their troubles were not confined to the loss of her certificate.
"Whut do you think? What do yon
fear? There isn't anything else?" she
said, ns he still remained dumb for a
moment.    "What shall we do?"
"Theodore threatened that something
MAYOR GRAHAM. OF MELITA
might occur," he saiij.    "He has evidently done his worst, all at once."
"Why—but 1 thought perhaps my
certificate wus stolen here," whispered
Dorothy in ugitation. "How could
Theodore "
"No one in this house could have
known you had such a document about
you," interrupted Garrison. ''While
you were drugged, or chloroformed, in
the Robinsons' house, the old womau,
doubtless searched you thoroughly. You
told mo your certificate was sewed inside——"
"Inside—yes. inside," she interrupted. "I thought it wns safe, for they
put a blank paper in its place, aud I
might not have thought of anything
wrong if I had not discovered a black
thread used instead of the white silk I
had been so careful to employ.''
"This is ample proof that Theo'lore
hus utilized his wits to good advantage," he said. "Your marriage-certi-
ficute episode is only u part of what he
has achieved. This paper contains all
the story—suggesting that your uncle
may have been murdered, and telling
the conditions of the will."
He held up the paper before her
startled eyes, and suw the look of alarm
that came upon her.
"Printed—iu the paper!" she exclaimed in astonishment and utter dismay. '' Why, how could such a thing
happen?"
She took the paper and scanned the
story hurriedly, making exclamations us
she read.
(To be continued).
A NEW ELEMENT IN WAR
(From the London Daily Mail)
FOR some time past those who have
been in tuuch with the progress of
airmanship have beea trying to
impress upon the British government
the importance of seriously considering
the new problems that will be introduced iuto military operations by the
coming of the dirigible and the aeroplane. ,
It is only two years ago that the
total sum of money voted by Parliament
for the whole of the aerial operations
of the army, including dirigibles, balloons, and experiments with aeroplunes,
wus under £10,01X1, whereas two yenrs
ngo Germany, the most scientific and
most highly organized military Power in
out his | Europe, wus spending upwards of £.300,-
year and  Prance over £'100,000.
value of airships was not yet proved.
As a matter of fact, the time has
now arrived when serious national attention must be given to this subject,
and though it is true that £106,000 has
been voted by parliament this year
for airmanship work iu connection with
the Army (£71.(100) and Navy (£35,000)
this is u much smaller amount than that
spent by nny of the great European
Powers. On the other hnnd. there is no
reason why we should not be us open-
to attack as either France. Germany,
Austria, or Italy, each of whom is
spending more than we are ou Hying
machines. The sea—our .security' for
ages past against invasion—will .shortly cease to be a natural defence, and
as an island as close to the Continent
ns our own, only twenty miles dividing
Dover from Cape Gris-Xez, it mav be
suid thnt we shall huve to consider thai
a frontier exists not only with Prance,
but Germany, Belgium and Holland.
Certainly we nre neur enough to muke
attacks by means of neriul machines
from those countries not. only possible,
but probable, in the next w'ur, should
any of them be engaged against us,
To give some idea of the comparatively short wuy from cur shores to some
of the chief naval and military centres
abroad we huve only to consider the following distances: Dover to Calais, i'l
miles; Dover tc, Metz, 200 miles; Sheer-
ness to Enidon, 295 miles; Dover to
.Newport (Belgium), 00 miles; Harwich
to Rotterdam (Holland), 101 miles;
Sheerness tee the nearest frontier of
Italy. 450 miles; and from Dover to the
frontier fortress of Austria, 47n miles.
It will be noted that nil these distances
ure under 500 miles, which modern dirigibles cun cover at oue flight, and be
fore long aeroplane flights of 200 miles
will be common. The lesson is obvious.
It must be admitted,'however,'that
for the present reconnaissance work
will be the chief use to which dirigibles
ami aeroplanes will be put—thut is,
finding out the enemy's position, the
dispostion of his forces, und the
strength of the opposing host. But there
will ulso be the use of the aeroplane or
dirigible ns the terror which llicth by
day or equally by night. The last new
German dirigibles cun curry thirty-four
men, or, alternatively, four men as crew
aud a ton and a half of high explosive
material, sufficient to wreck half the
important nerve centres of London and
create the wildest panic. There are at
the present moment quite a number of
such vessels in Germany, and a greut
many in France ns well, 'it is estimated
that the number of miltary dirigible
balloons actually in possession of foreign Powers und ready to use are as follows,-
In use    Building
Prance     (i ....    -l
Germany 10  ....    S
Austria      1   .. ..    *J
Italy     *J  ....    ;;
Russia     "  ....    \l
Great Britain hus two actually constructed und two which are iu process
of construction. As regards aeroplanes
for military use the number in Germany
is not accurately known, but France has
about twenty, Italy six. and the United
States two.
Supposing Loudon were attacked at
the opening of a great war und the government offices, stock exchunge, chief
banks, railway stations, and means of
communication were wrecked, such a
blow at the very heart of the Empire
would be like paralyzing the nerves of
a strong man with a soporific before he
had to fight for his life. The muscular
force would remain, but the bruins
would be powerless to direct. Without
easy communication by rail, roud, or
wire, aud with a financial panic, Great
Britain would fall an eusy prey to the
enemy. Nor cuu mobile artillery be suid
to give any security against such u raid,
for the speed of aerial vessels already
precludes the swiftest motor car from
following them effectively, even if the
motor is unencumbered with guns nnd
is merely a racing car; but to think of
rushing a gun throwing a 2-inch shell,
or even a shell of 1-inch diameter, at
high speeds along our twisting highways
on a motor car is thoroughly unpractical.
lt is therefore clear that the policy
of our country should be that of building both military aud nuvul dirigibles
unci aeroplanes of its own. The neriul
section of the Royul Engineers und the
Royal Navy should be at once enlurged
nnd reinforced by the addition of extra men nnd material.
To come to practical suggestions,
there is no doubt, for instance, that the
possession of, sny, oue hundred Farman
or Short-Wright biplanes would add materially to the efficiency of an army io
the field, for these would be able to give
accurate information to its commander
as to the enemy's movements.
An attack would be possible by means
of both dirigibles and aeroplanes upon
a sleeping camp or an enemy landing
on a shore or advancing over open country. Explosive bombs dropped from a
dirigible would create immense uneasiness and tend to demoralize an army
both by night and day. Proximity to
home would give our military air force
from overhead, and the eyes of the
soldier, instead of being always directed
towards the horizon, will have also to
be directed upwards,
The most important effect upon this
country will bc- the coming decrease of
the advantages which wc* now derive
from our insular position. It will, however, be some years yet before navies
are useless and armies of no avail. The
development will be gradual, but the dominion of the air will supersede the
dominion of the sea in order of import
ance, and it will go hard witli the nation
which now prides itself on sea supremacy if it-relies on battleships alone.
THE BOYS OF THE OLD BRIGADE!
Veterans in Canada are Organizing
National Association
gliout     Cent ml    und     Western
it   is  estimated  that  there  are
ir tee live thousand ex-soldiers—
I   of   Britain's   uml   Canada's
In   order   to   reach   this   great
the aid of this paper hus
who lias
r  its Col*
Throi
Canndu
fully f,
veteran
wars.
body of men
been usked, so that everyone
ever  served  Great   Britain  o
null's may know of the proposed forma
tion of a National Veterans' Association, und that nil veteruns are eligible
to join free of all charge whatsoever.
This proposed organization is entirely
iucli'i lent of. but expect to work in
harmony with nny existing local veterans'  organizations,
Elaborate preparations nre to 1>,
made for a Grand Re-union iu a yem
or two when the organization will be
completed. Some of the best und most
prominent men in the West ure sup
porting this movement unci u full list
of veteruns will be published hit'1,- ou.
Anyone knowing nny ex-soldiers oi
veteruns ure requested to ask them to
send their name und full address, (as
well as the corps they served with) to
the Secretary. Organization Committee
Veteran's Brigade, 1S3 Walnut streel,
Winnipeg, Mnn.
A lurge number of numes ure already
enrolled on the '-Roll of Honor."
among them being veterans of the*
Crimen. Indian .Mutiny, Frontier Wars,
Chinese Wear, South African Wars, Fen
inn Raids of Islili nuel 1870, Wolseley
Expedition, Nile Vovugeurs, British
Colonial Wars, North-West Rebellion ot
1885, etc., etc.
If you have ever been in regular oi
active service send in your name now.
The secretary, who is acting pro-tem.
for the purposes of organization, is
Mr. John Hooper, who is the first pro
inoter of the proposed Veterans' Corps',
nnd now engaged iu writing n book on
the Rebellion.
MELITA AS A SUMMER RESORT
Uow River Park enme into being cun
be told in a very few sentences. While
the advisability of securing the beautiful elm grove of Juo. A. Ross on Souris
River, hud long been mooted, it wus not
till recently that any practical steps
hud beeu tuken towards its attainment.
That south-western Manitoba enjoys to-,
clay such splendid park und playground
facilities is due to the public spirit of
the people as a whole of the progressive town  of  Mclita.
One of the foremost spirits in thi,
movement was the present mayor, R. If.
Graham, who first urged the Agricultural Society to acquire these grounds
and establish u district fair on more ex-
tended lines. And, failing in this, he
took the projeel up in the town council,
which body, consisting of R. X. Wyntt.
Dr. Wm. Leslie, Wm. Griffith und C. P.
Ilolden, unanimously decide*,! to submit
the proposition to acquire -10 acres, including the grove, us purk ami recreation grounds, to a popular vote of the
people. Just previous to polling day a
b\u; Orange picnic wus held in the grove,
which, though in its cnule condition
and difficult of access, yet its Blinded
beauty impresse.il all visitors with the
advantage of these grounds for such
gatherings; the result being that the
bylaw carried by a sweeping majority.
Since acquiring the promises, large improvements have been made by Hie
town. These include grueling a new
avenue. lined with trees, lending to the
grounds; a combination traffic and foot
bridge across the river; pavilion, band
stand, and summer kitchen; and belt
driveway around the shady purk. River
Park has also a choice regulation horse
track and fine ball grounds, which, with
boating on the river, places it in the
front ranks of pleasure grounds iu Canndu,
It is nn ideal spot for a summer outing for church and Sunday school gatherings, fraternal societies, and other as
sociations. These will be afforded every
accommodation possible, and are invited
to correspond with thc mayor above
named, nr the secretary, Jas. Robertson,
both of Melita, Man,
As a camping ground, possibly no better or more beautiful spot is to be found
in Manitoba. The park is within half
a mile of the town of Melita, und lust
year there were at one time no less than
twenty-five or thirty campers enjoying
the pleasant surrounding. This year it
is anticipated that this number of campers will be largely increased, and that
n't talk with him, as there was ''cebociy
else to talk to or with.
"Hut," saiel the Englishman, "you
do see,ne things in this country that I
don't understand."
*'\V,* do lets or 'em." was the reply.
"But what do you mean in particular?
Let's get  dowu  te,  particulars."
••Well, feer instance. I heard a mau
championing what he called temperance,
but what I cull teetotnlism. nuel he was
filling his remarks with profanity "
"Was it a public- Bpeechf"!
*'*X„, no! it was in this train on
the down trip. But he was taking high
ground ou the drink question and he
used shocking language in doiug it. Not
only so, but he vvus actually chewing
tobacco ut the time. Now, I'd rather
drink my beer than swear or chew tobacco as In* did.
"It's just n question of taste," suid
the Canadian. "Now, I don't drink and
I don't swear and I don't chew. I tried
those three vices and quit them. They
got tc, be too common, see I quit 'em,
ami hunted up a vice nf my eewn." The,
visitor seemed curious, but did uot ask
what this vice was.
"But why should a man chew tobacco," he enquired, "or if he does chew
it, why should he venture to criticize
nny other mun 's habits?"
"I wns just going to tell you." resumed tho other. "There's lots of
things different here from whut they
nre in England, because cef the country.
Vou tuke u farmer working in u field
ubout a mile from the nearest fellow
creature. Well, he wants a smoke, and
•hus it; then, lue wants another, and hiH
lust mutch goes cent, lie can't walk a
mile* for another. So he takes a chew.
The habit of chewing tobacco arose
from the habit matches have of blowing
out."
"I never heard nf thut before," said
the stranger •iiliniringly.
"I suppose you didn't. Well, here's
another thing. Women in this country
are often seen chewing gum, nnd English people think it's disgusting. Well,
all I can say is it doesn't look nice, but
it's necessary. 1 snid necessary, aud
il's necessary in this wav. When a
man's out in the bush mad as hops because he hasn't got a match, his wife
is alone in the house without a soul to
tnlk to. A chew cef gum is ubout the
best substitute for somebody to talk to
that any woman could hnve. It keeps
her from thinking, uml women shouldn't think, especially when they're alone.
If you know any English women out on
prairie farms iu the west, you write nnd
tell 'em to send to town for some gum.
In this country we've found out somo
things, mil one is thnt it's better for a
lonesome womnn to chew gum thun 20
crnzv."'
"Reallv. ue
lishman.
"I know—you never heard of such a
thing. How could you." interrupted the
Canadian. "There's lots of pointers I
could give you, only I've got to get, off
ut this station we're coming to."
"But, wait a moment. Tell me one
thing," begged the stranger. "Tell me
this: Why do not people out here eat
boiled eggs out of the shell? Why do
they turn them out into a glass? It
seems barbarous to inc."
"Sure, I'll tell you. The reason is
thnt sometimes the pioneer found himself with nothing to eat but eggs. He
was a bachelor, and he could boil 'em
easier than cook 'em nny other wav.
But he got tired of boiled eggs. Well,
he dumped one into a glnss, put butter,
pepper, nnd salt in it, then dumped another in nnd put more butter, pepper,
und suit in, then stirred it. up und ate
it. Say whnt you like, if was a new
dish, and beat plain-boiled eggs all
hollow.    Try  it."
"T will." said the Englishman grat-v
fullv, as the older mnn started to leave
the ear. "But would you tell me one
eether thing—T hope you will- pardon
me? You,spoke of having picked out a
vice of yuur awn. Would vou mind
telling 1"
"Telling you whnt it is,' I don't
mind. I went in fnr telling lies. Other
people were dabbling in it, but clumsily.
I've perfected it.    ft's my hobby."
"I don't think T quite understand—"
"No; How could you. But"—nnd
he clambered off us the train started.
Looking back the Englishman saw him
shaking hands with  the station  agent.
"My word! " he said.
exclaimed  the  Eng-
KINGS AMONG COMMONERS
THERE are living in Greut Britain
today some thousands of persons
of royul linenge, two or three
thousand of whom have by right of descent a better title to the throne than
has King George. Tt is proper to add,
however, that for these persons nn obstacle in the way of their putting in a
claim exists in the shape of an Act of
Settlement of 1701, which fixed the succession on the descendants of Sophia of
Hanover, granddaughter of James I.
As many as possible of the descendants of Edward IV., Henry VII., of
England, and James III., of Scotland,
have been traced. This investigation
has shown that almost every Christian
arm, stared at Garrison with type fully
three inches high with this announcement:
MYSTERY OF MURDER AXD A
WILL II
John   Hardy  May   Have   Been    Slain!
Beautiful Beneficiary Married
Just in Time!
Garrison bought the paper.
AVith our customary insular disdain of
all scientific inventions aud ignorances
of the progress made by other nations,
both the government aud the people of
this country were quite content to see
foreign nations forging ahead in nir-
inanship, merely contenting themselves
with the reflection that, ufter all, the
Navy was still iu being and that the
great advantage as against un attacking
force.
Of course, no one who hns studied the
subject pretends that the military dirigibles or aeroplanes will at once revolutionize war, either by land or sea, but
the progress in airmanship will very
shortly modify the tactics of conunnnei-
ers of nrmics und make war more terrible in every sense. Hitherto soldiers
necessarily tied to the earth on both
sides have felt at least the sky above
safe, except from dropping shells. But
in future attacks mny possibly come not
onlv from a   horizoutal   direction   but
we will have visitors from all parts of
the province. The park is open to the
public, and visitors wishing to camp for
a week or a month are made welcome.
HE EXPLAINED
THEY hud got into conversation in
the smoking car on a branch line
of the Grand Trunk, a young,
newly-arrived Englishman and a Canadian, who, if not old, was well nlong in
middle-age. Tho latter could not tolerate the silence, and showed that he was
going to talk to the stranger if he eould-
monarch of Europe figures in the list
with many of the European nobility, together with a host of Smiths, Browns,
nnd Robinsons. Some years ago a des-
cendunt of the Plantagenets was found
plying his trade—that of a chimaey
sweep—under the Mine of Plant.
Princess Louise of Bavaria was placed first on the list, and even the Duke
of Devonshire, whose uumber was three
thousand six hundred and fifty-three,
stood ahead of King Edward by reason
of the fact that he was a descendant
of Henry VII., in the sixteenth generation, through Mary Tudor.
, If
1 TIIE  HOSMER  TIMES
BLISTERS AND SUNBURN?
TRY ZAM-BUK
• sory and liat -ecu its adoption by the voangfl? generation.
I Hor services also in the annul- of fashion must !>•■ re.'.>^iiiz.»j-l
i by the still popular \ ogue of the *• hifT<»n or ninon de boi ■ \ « il
iiii^s over tbe foundation of Mark or softly eolor-ed -;i. in.
She it was who understood the merits of cbiffon and ii«
ethereal sifter fabrics for softening any lines or ravage- du.*
to Time's lingers, and this fashion flamed Into sudden popularity and still *?hows no signs of declining among women
of every age.
Again, it is io ihe love of tlie middle-aged woman for
effects of what may be railed barbaric splendor that the
present rage for Eastern embroideries i^ due, for no young
girl would have thought out a fashion that i-- at once mi mag
Ulficent   and   withal   SO  becoming, and  om\ too,  that   suits  BC
sEggEg^as;
Blisters   from   paddling,   ball-playing,:
or   any   other   cause,   painful   sunburn
patches,   stings  of   insects,  and   chafed I
places, arc all eased  instantly by Zam-
Buk.    Don't have your vacation spoiled
by   pain   from   any   sore,   which   Zain-
Huk  could cure  in  quick  time! rilHE  latest extravagance introduced by  the smart  set   is
This   wonderful   balm   is  made   from! _L     the use of real lace for everything and anything upper-
herbal juices and  is  highly antiseptic.! ta ini tig to household decoration.
Poison   from   insect   sting,  barbed  wire |        The craze has come from Paris, where it lias reached the '
scratch, or thorn prick, is immediately  most  luxurious limits—fair   Parisians   being  content with admirably tbe      lri:(, channH ut- ber an.t ium.,hant relative
rendered  harmless as soon as Zain*£UK    nothing short   of  real  lace of  surpassingly  line and  delicate, •
touches  it.    stops the stinging, smart-   workmanship to cover their boudoirs. *    ■    •
iag   pain.     Zam-Buk    is   so   pure,   too,!        Some of the  new  lace Cushions which  are  to be seen   in The vogue of the splendid jewels, ns Been in the wearing
that   the  most  delicate  skin   is  able  to i several   of   the   best-appointed   London   houses   are   veritable   of the roue of diamonds with its disc-like pendant, is another
absorb    it,    and    is    benefited    by    it.   works of art. , fashion  due  to  the  woman  of  iimture age,  who grew tired.
One lovely specimen that decorated a deep purple settee | perhaps, of the single necklace of pearls and the pendant of
was mounted upon a pale heliotrope satin underslip which! nouveaii art enamel, and banished the latter from her jewel-
encased a small down-cushion.    This was covered witli a fine   case.
lace slip ornamented with trails of pale mauve wistaria made! There is little likelihood of the decline of the triumph of:
of satin, the foliage of which was worked iu heavy floss silk. | the middle-aired woman as the arbiter of fashion. Even
Other similar cushions had delicate lace covers trimmed with j though the first freshness of youth, with the pearly tints of
bunches of those soft satin roses that are to be bought by complexion may no longer be hers to possess, yet her physical '
the yard, and which have been so much used for millinery i charms, still iu their own Indian summer, are accentuated |
purposes during the spring. i by a  captivating charm and ease of manner,  a   fascinating j
The advantage of this kind of trimming is that it is very j aud mellow wit. which the younger girl cannot hope to rival.)
effective  and   lends  itself  lo  being arranged   in  clusters,  in lu these progressive davs tlie women wlio triumphs is the I
 *K    :..   *i -  i    .: i   :..    -      ...-  *t._    .
BAR
JWDER
Mothers with young babies should use
it for tbe chafing sores caused by per
spiration, clothos-rubbing, etc. Also
good for piles, ulcers, and festering
tores. All druggists and stores sell at
COc. box, but refuse harmful imitations,
c
RAILWAY MILEAGE OF CANADA
11AN ADA'S present railway mileage
is more than sufficient to belt the
globe with a single-track lino, nud
leave 136 miles to double truck a pnrt
of ,it. Bays u Canadian contemporary.
"In 18.17, when Queen Victoria ascended the throne, we hnd 16 miles of railway, and wc wen* content with this
until 3S47, when our totnl reached 54
miles. At Confederation, 1SG7, we had
2,278 miles; in 1883, when the North-
West Rebellion took pluce we bud 10,-
771! miles. When Sir Wilfrid Laurier
took ottico in 1890, there were 18,270
miles, in 1009 the mileage In operation
was 2-1,104 miles, and the Grand Trunk
I'ucilic hud 045 miles of truck laid, making u total of 25,049 miles, lu addition,
there nre 1,4(>4 miles of second track
and -1,71,1 miles of yard tracks und sidings. When the Grand Trunk Pacific
and the* National Transcontinental Railways arc put in operation our railway j
mileage will bo increased by about
3,556 miles, of which 04.", miles have
been included in the total given. The
totnl railway mileage, when the Transcontinental is included, will reach 27,-1
Mil) miles, nnd this takes i ccounl  of
the many other railroads which ure uow
building lines In Canada."
wreaths, cer in those huge nosegavs lixo*l in one corner of the
Abbeys
Effer- C a14
vM«nt*J€llle
When you have
proven all its worth
with a 25c "size",
you will buy full-
si zed bottles for
economy.
25c and COc.
Sold everywhere.
woman  to  whom  life's experience  has  only  added  further!
graces, and whose personality is made still nieere attractive
by tlie charm of elress which she hcrstlf lens designed primarily to enhance her own special attributes of features en' ,-,■,,,
plexion.
I (TEST Ll
J LB.
;hte£!
W
4%
MY VARICOSE VEINS
WERE CURED completely by
ABS0RBINEJR
allay tie.* leeclcceiieiiienejei. ken lectin, leeiileuiel real one deem
ei, a noruecil condition! redaoes (loitrc, Tumorc. Wcnee, , .,,,.,,.
(luutyor lUee'ieiiilllli-IK'ieteieitce, Syceievltiee, \':ini-oiee*lce.Hy-    '
cut y or
ae-eelee, S
. 1 ecoree,,
leeell le- ;t, yeeeer ill ile-'ecieUci or <
aishiun   which  is the  fuel  of   the   present    moment.      •Such
i cushions ure linished off with dainty ruches of narrow Valenciennes  luce, und  they  add  oue more  extravagance  lo  the
[cost of keeping one's house iu  up-to-date order.
Another  idea   is to  huve   ttuwer-sceuted  cushions.    These
'■ ure  made   by   sprinkling   fragrant   pot-pourri   made   from
natural liowers such us ro.-es, violets, verbena, ,„• caruatious
i over layers of cotton  wool which  liue the satin  covers, uu
excellent  rose pot-pourri cun I ade by gathering u qu
i tity of reese petals on a sunny day und spreadin_
:a tray lo dry. The leaves should then be sprinkled with
! powdered cen is root, uud just before being used in the cush-
i ions they must be sprinkled with II few drops of Ihe best
roses.
Royal monuments
IIEN kings nre buried cell the resources of labor an.I
arts ure often exhausted to provide ;e lit resting-place
for their remains. The very name "mausoleum"
is derived from the tomb of Mausolus. erected so long ugo ns
353 ll.*'. This tomb bad u basement ii", ft. high, a colonnade
■J.'t ft. high, uud over that a pyramid, On the apex of the
pyramid stood a colossal group of the deceased king nud his
wife, the statuary being It ft. iu height. In England
the most famous mausoleum is, of course, the nm* nt Frog*
more, neur Windsor, where rest the remains cef the* Prince
Consort nnd Queen Victoria.
The Pyramids nre the most famous Royal monuments of
any age. Une of the best known of those wus originally
higher thun St. Paul's Cathedral, nnd had nn area ubout the
size of Lincoln's Inn Fields. The Egyptian monarchs amused
themselves during their lifetime in building these splendid
receptacles for their dead unci embalmed bodies. The longer
the life of the king the greater the pyramid which wus to
perpetuate liis memory. One hundred thousand men ure suid
to huve been employed for thirty yeurs in the construction
of one of these magnificent monuments to the greut dead,
Obelisks, like Cleopatra's Needle, on the Thames Embank
ment, were ulso used in Egypt to draw attention to the bury
lug-place's of great potentates. In Great Britain Stone-
heuge is held by competent authorities to be the monument
of ancient British kings.
lu India, nt Agra, is the gorgeous Tu.j Mahal, n  mauso*
I leum built by the Emperor Shah Jehan for himself uud his
'favorite   wife.     Twenty   thousand   men   were   continuously
| employed on  it for twenty years.    It is exceedingly beauti-
j ful.    There  is  much  rich  mosaic  work  in  tbe  interior, and
the principal parts of the building are of white marble. The
mausoleum  itself  is  in  the centre,  surmounted  by n dome,
while ut the comers are four minarets, ench 133 ft. high. This
is n wonderful advance on the rude cairns or heaps of stones
which  murk  the  resting-places  of  kings eef  savage,  fur-off
times.     Some   of  our   own   kings   huve   splendid   chapels   in
Westminster   Abbey,  nud   Eastern   monarchs  sometimes  hud
themselves immortuHzed  by the erection eef complete, magnificent   temples.     Whatever   torn,   the   monument   took,   it
wns always nt the place of burial, but this is not. the case
now.    .Tie  Albert  Memorise   ..i  Hyde Park, nnd  the Queen
Victoria Memorial in frout of Buckingham Palace, now near*
them  on ' 'ltt% completion, arc instances iu point.
COCKATOO 112 YEAES OLD
<lto,*ce"b. Sprains :t,tl:. „l„B: l;*s:jr lipciin:=,l,l,. Ihftle, cells. : |c   IllUtcll   SUCll   ..lislllulis   .ire   hug'.   Ilee-  COYC1S   WClHvbd   V. lt ll
- w— "      .....        ~...-	
W.F.YOufiGrP-'o.F^^ of gold thread uud  soquins,
.   . (erics or liKi  	
oleleiore*», weeluedel.Me^ 0«   _.,,,,„   ||„Wels   and   lleuv.v   lloss   silk   enriched   With
cr dlvuns nnd couches, adding u  very
I.YJUNS, 1,1.1., Mcnlm,,. Canadian AccreeC.
Ala. eeernkhc, by MAllTIN   „,»,„ J, HVNSK CO., „lnnl|e,,|je , , . .
TUg NATIONAL 1,1(1 ,i A  CIIK.eilCAL Cl., Winning tt Cal. lllXUl'V   ol   1 he   llllleteril   ell a W lug 1 com.
mmyt anel IIKNUKIISO.S 1,1,0*4. CO., Ltd.. Vancouver. »     •     «
vhich    ure    thrown
grout   deal   to tin
KENDMIS
SPAVI
CURE
Cl OCKaTOOS ure well, known  to live tee patriarchal age,
7     .'ind  probably the  oldest  bird  in  Hue weerbl   whose  age
lee t
heeslelrv   at   Toi
Wales.'
When he hu.l feather
he was recognizable as :
with certaint)
I'glv's    Peeiut,'
flourished in a we
neur  Sydney,   New
X
nown
south
enough to distinguish his spe
emeu crested cockatoo, but u
Kills Bone Spavin
Rich Valley, Alta, May 20lt>. 1909
**I have used your Spaylu Cure for a
mmg time and would not be without it.
Haw killed a Bone Spavin by Uf une.**
OI.H CARLSON.
That   tella  the  whole   story.    And
haeaedreds of thousands have had the
nnt experience in the past 10 year*.
tor Spavin, Riigbone, Curb,
Splint, Swellings and
all Lameness,
EendaU'i Spavin Cure curei the
trouble—makes tbe horse found and
veil—aad MTes money for tlie owner
because It removes the caua* mf the
trouble.
Keep a botllr always at hand- flor6
for %&. Good for mau and beast. Ask
your dealer for free copy of our book
*-A Treatise On The Horse" or write ua.
Bt B. J. KENDAU CO. Enasbsrf Fans, Tt
Dr.Martel's Female Pills
SEVENTEEN YEARS THE STANDARD
PreHcrelced need rceeemieneeeeleel lor woteeeil'ej aie
ments, a cwlentitloall)' prepared remedy cef prove,,
worth. The result from their use in e,,,t,-k need
permanent. For ecale at all eireei: sterns.
TIIE FASTEST SHIP AFLOAT
TEE fnslcst ship in the world is the
destroyer Swift, launched recently
ut Portsmouth', fclngluud. This
ship, which is of 1,800 tons displace'-
ment, hus n spocd exceeding 36 knots nn
hour, tier tires nre ted hy pet'olcum.
The turbines give :!il,i)iiii horse-powoi
divided  among four screws.
The   English   Admiralty  hnd   already:
realized   -1   knots   in   the   destroyers
Cobra unci  Viper,    tine eef these excessively long boats luoke iu two upon a
wave' not long after she wus launched.
The   maximum   speed   of   the   French
torpedo-boats uvornges about ,11 knots.
Tublc sets in line lilet und point a I'aiguille lace cue un
other extravagance of this season. These nre to Ice hud ii
ull qualities. One set, however—destined for u house where
in happier times than tin* present, lavish hospitality is the
rule-is so finely executed thut it took two expert workers
live years lo muke, being Cushioned of rosuline point, so line
that it hud to bc worked for the inost part under a magnify
| ing glass.
Beautiful tubledoths wilh inset centres of reul Irish
i luce ure no longer nlevclties confined to tin* very rich. They
', ure to he seen ecu every oilier dinner -table of note. As often
! us not, these nre further enriched with u deep border of insertion to mutch the centrepiece, the tublc napkins being I
fashioned with luce borders to mated.
Fashion  in  ils course seems to light for the triumph of j
the woman  wine hus reached her fourth decade, but wlio no;
longer submits to be knowu ley the once opprobrious term
' cef Ihe niiddle-ngeel wcemun.
Perhaps it is fashion itself that hns swept away the up- }
i pcurunce of middle-age, with its matronly dress, the shapeless
'velvet  or  silk   ninutic,  or  the  early   Victorian   bonnet  tied!
beneath  Ihe chin  with the tight, heavy  bows uppcrtnining j
I to the strings of gros griiiu or satin ribbon.
All  Ihese  ideas of  matronly  elress ure  now swept away,
und in, longer is this raiment considered fitting for the woman
1 who,  iu. these  progressive  cloys,  is .justly   regarded   ns  still ;
' youthful, even when she hus passed her fortieth year.
It wus. iii fuel, tlie so culled middle-aged woman who, out i
: of love of sheer  variety, brought  in   for her own   use  whut f
hus  been  called  the  "little  girl"  fashions,  conscious  that
her throul   with  its rounded contours wus quite well suited1
for line c'luudinc collar of luce or embroidered batiste, and
that   her own  pretty   foot   could  hold   its own,  shod  iu   the
modish  block  patent  leather shoe uud  the silken  openwork ;
slocking with its piquuut design of Pun seated on a leafy
branch nud playing his beloved pipes.
.\o longer is the woman of mature age content to walk
I in the footsteps cef her matronly sisters of seeme thirty yeurs
ago.
She  is the woman   who now makes fashions, tile*  woman
for whom the latest aviation costume is created, the woman
whee is the smartest cen the racecourse, the best dressed in the
' bull room, and Ihe  sl fascinating ut tlio opera.
Already she hus begun to free herself freem the trammels
of thc "shackle" skirt, it fashion invented for her own use,'
j but of which she is tired and hus now declared thnt, with the
adoption of Ihe tied iu skirt by the multitude, she will hieve '
i uo more of  it.
Wor younger sister  follows meekly  iu  her train, obeying'
her  behests  unci   slavishly  copying  her  whims,  wearing  the
Magyar blouse that was first, created by the, mature woman,
i nnd then humbly adopting the "peasant" dress of foulard,
silk, cer cotton, wilh its simple belt uml ils turndown collar
ot' embroidery.
The power of Uie middle-aged woman today is seen nol :
only in the society in which she reigns us quoen, where her,
I triumphs of social conquest over the debutante ure matters
Uf common  knowledge, lent  ulso in ihe salons of the leesi
known dressmakers, who know thnt it Is the cachel given to
; their creations by this nil-Important  client  thut  practically
elei'iclcs the  full' of every  fashion,
]i is she who hns brought
mammoth hut, thnt throw-,
e, us we'll us the extmordinii
vogue the nscenilunc.v of
I'comiug shncliew over her
opulnrity of the flowerpot
eivcti heer that love
Whnt   is   suicl   tee   be   the   first   light
house  leuill   for airships hus just been I aud thc mob cup toque,
erected on the top of a small  railway        The study of health nud hyg
building nt 8| Inu, Germany.   It con-  of fresh air and exercise tee which, iu addition tee massage,
sists   of   thirty-eight   powerful   electric I she owes thc freshness unci purity of her complexion,
lumps, which shoot u glaring light sky- \       The bizarre unci  the  picturesque veil derive their origin
-ward.'  Its purpose is to guide the dirig-! from hor bewildering leeve uf variety unci hor complex nature
iblcs of the German army ut night. One! that expresses itself In the captivating fashion of today,
of the greut gun plants of Germany is1!       Already,  us  hus  been  mentioned  before,  she  is cutting
• ! herself adrift from Ih
located nt Spi
iitioneil   before,   she   is
. of thc hobble skirt unci is revert-
Does wok contain Alum
ALUM is put into inferior baking powders because
JT\.it is cheap. You cannot detect it, because all
baking powders look alike. Alum is a dangerous
mineral acid condemned by food experts as unfit for
use in any food preparation, because it works havoc
with the stomach and digestive organs and causes certain
harm to the entire system.
Your baking results will
be the best with MAGIC
and you have the certain
knowledge that your bread,
biscuits and
fiastry will be
ight, healthful
and delicious.
There is no
substitute for
MAGIC and
it is a medium priced baking
Eowder and the only well-
nown one made in Canada
that does NOT contain alum.
BAKIN&
POWDIB
US NO J
Full Pound Cans, 25c.
Made in Canada
E. W. Glllett Co. Ltd. Toronto, Ont.
• not rec-med a copy of eMtafic Cook Booh, mi
card an«J thii valuable littlo book will be mailed free of chaff*.
VDCIT ^f\f\\t?  V*\{C\(\\£  " 'ou ****• "*' tmtthtA • copy of .Mafic Cook Book, Mnd nam« and mUtMI
PAIN:  HOW CAUSED AND  CURED] tho prob.oin ol' thc thermometer.    Dur-
IJMX   generally   denotes   a   pressure   ing his  first  series  of  experiments  he
ui' some  kind  upon the nerves—a | used alcohol, but lie  suon   became *'..ii
nil
pressure   which   is   abnormal   andlvlnced  that   mercury  was a   mon
should  not*  be present.    It may  be aa  able substance to use in the tube.
terdam,
nercury
j model
enlarged blood vessel; a small tumor;
a congestion nf some kind; or. on thc
other hand, it may be the presence of
some external ur foreign body, such as
a dentist's loiccps, ur an irritant poison   within   the system.
In all such cases there will be pain,
which will be varied according to the
extent and nature uf the irritating and
pressing materia I. Usually, it will be
found that pain is caused by a congestion of some kind in a certain locality.
An excess of blood is called to the
pari: a swelling of the blood vessels,
etc., is called into being, and tlie result is a pain, more or less intense.
Nothing will wear nut bodily vitality
more (pi.ckly ami more certainly tlmu
pain. It prevents sleep, for one thing,
and ia this way helps to exhaust the
bodily forces. Hut the real reason for
the extreme exhaust ion following pain
is nut  thoroughly understood.
Certain il is that it exhausts more
than anything else dues iu the same
space uf time. It can produce extraordinary results, too; such as turning
the hair white in a short time; poisoning the secretions uf the body, etc.
Many persons have had their hair turned white prematurely by long-continued
pain.
I'ain may be influenced—either made] THE  CAUSE   AND   CURE   OF   SUN-
bettcr or worse—in a number uf ways. STROKE
Sume   i.i   the   causes influencing  pain  TOURING   the  Bummer  mouths  oad
;tr,':l . , xJ   voar heat  prostrations occur ami
1 he position m| the body; its motion;! ,(j'|«,
lh.- presence uf food; louch; pressure;'
etc.
It was about 171^0, at Ai
that Fahrenheit turned out ilu
thermometer that has served a
ever since.
from the beginning Fahrenheit's
plan was to indicate on the lube the two
points at which water is congealed ami
ladled, respectively, ami to graduate
tin1 space between. Ilis first was an
arbitrary marking, beginning at thirty-
two   degrees,   since   he   had   found   lhal
the mercury descended thirty-two de
grees inure befure coming to what lie
deemed ihe extreme epld resulting from
a mixture uf ice, water, and sal am
moniac.
It was nut lung before Hi-- 'Vlsius of
Stockholm suggested ihe more scientific
graduation <>f une hundred dogrees be
tween freezing and boiling points, This
suggestion resulted iii the centigrade
thermometer. Another investigator, one
Reaumur, came forward with another
scheme nf graduation uf eighly degrees,
tlie une that is accepted by the French.
Despite the conclusions of 'Vlsius aud
Reaumur, howc\ er. t he Fahrenheit
scale, on which the freezing and boil
iug points are marked 32 and 212 de
grees, respectively. holds its own
throughout a greal  part uf the world.
iu  tin
it hei
tc
.per-
Chan
at ure,  <
Klei-trical  and  chemical  stimuli, etc,
If an  organ  is diseased  in any  way,
it   usually gives  pain,  if  it   is deprived
L,'i\es  the
; maintain  it.
Pain generally 1
A  PHOENIX   AMONG   PINES
UPPER  CALIFORNIA   is  the  ho»e
nf a tree that has pi./.7.1ed botanists.    It N a pine which will grow
only  near the seacoast.     Its  growth  \u
slow,   and   it   dues   nut   attain   to   great
size.
The strange tiling about it is that
there are. to all appearance, insurmountable difficulties in ihe way of jut-
petuuliun ui the species. Some specimens of it exisl in Kew Hardens, Kngland. Thev have been carefully <"x
ainined by competent authorities, an«
all admit that the tree presents a problem unlike anything elsewhere met
with.
Tin- pine produces at regular intervals the usual ennes containing -cods,
but, sl i au<,'e in say, I he i-11ues are so
thoroughly protected that the seeds
cannot !»' released. The cones are hard
and tightly closed and have «trung overlapping scales.
Mure extraordinary -till is the fact
thai the pine, aftei producing its al
most iu vulnerable cones, keeps then
hanging un its branches year affcsr
year, rule**- through some peculiar accident, the semis would apparently remain attached in the parent tree forever. Many i>i Ihe pones un the trees
in Kew Gardens have been there for
year-, as is shown by the size <^f llw
branch-, and the formation of the I'Hrk.
It hns been found that the seed-vessels which this tree so puw ■rf.illy re-
lains are so well protected that it i«
qntres a <trunw knife, with the as-mt-
am-e nt' a heavy hammer, to cut Tbe
cone into sections. So' ordinary •<>■•
ditiun- ut temperature can make a mum
open.
The following i- ihe only explanation
h
prostrations  ur  and
terminate fatally, These nc-
cidents have a physiological cause ei.i**..
sified by medical science as ''sunstroke'';  the  victims  must   susceptible
being people careless uf their physical Iyet offered that seems tu have any <k
well-being, the debilitated, the .dd. and !,_,,,,,, ,„■ plausibility. The species mav be
the intemperate. A French physician perpetuated l.v iin- line win. has
wlin has studied  "sunstroke      has come   cfiifltotl   ilu.   I n',,,   lll:lin.|      u,...    „,,n,;n
.( its Drm support.    The organs of the  to  tic*  , elusion   thai   Hip  troubl*   Is I b"t The in ten' "
body uro packed iu rather loosely, and Jue not to an increase of bodily hpat,'
Hicy give pain if deprived of thoir rest- but  to  ti„.  acetic,  of   hemoglobin,  the
ing  place.    So,  the  first   thing  tc,  do,  substance  Hint   forms  the  ilrv   stit*
utter ii pain is located, is tc, lind what Lents of tht I lei I corpuscles, which
position  gives  the greatest   relief,  and  spreads   through   the   pliysicnl   tissues
with til) the oll'cc't of :i powerful |ieeiseen.
intense      Another nulhorttv,   Dr.  Mnas, thinks
upon  motion.    Quiet  tin.I  resl  are the-that    the    diffusion     .if    hemoglooin
 '     "■ lieving   pain.      if through the svstem. which he admits to  Til IK HI
lllcl
lt
lipcl   the
ureal
ol
, touch,    pressure,   etc.,
. they   slenulil.   nt'  course
unci tell clothes which |
i purls should bo remove,
Kceceel hns u great infiueuce upon painI sun's ravs have*
csHiii    pain,
prevented,
upon   these
K
■nt   e.f ii  forest   fir«
inn's to  releasee  their
n   fouud   thnl   under
the    influence   of    intense    heal    the*/
crticli  eipcii  and thc  s |s  fall cent   in.
injured.
TRADE   SECRETS
rpilKKK   nre   two   trade   secrets   at
1      least  thai  the wcerlel at  large may
lie tin* cause uf sunstroke, is cine tee lacl
cif water in the body.    Careful exninin-j never learn, lent   which  it   is  well
ntinns  made  in   cases  where  men  and   worth the wliile of inventors to study.
tiniinals have been  struck  elen.l by the  One  is  the Chinese method  en' making
nflrmed this theory. | tho  bright   and   beautiful  color  known
explanation   is   undeniably   scion*  as  vermilion, or Chinese  reel;  and the*
.1
eat fruit
the   bell
uitlicut meest people being al all awarelTh
"■' tllHl   ''•"''•    'l'1"' chief cause of paia  tiflc, but  it  11111-1  not  be undersl I  to other is a Turkish secret- the inlaying
""'" I b.v fo°d i* that too much  food  menn   thai  the human,   or other,   body of the hnrdesl  steel with gold and sit
m!; ' ." luiten, uml tins fieecd, nceiiiun | should absorb large quantities of liquid; ver.    Among the ' hinese and tho Turks
luting  in   the   lieidy,   presses  upon      I people who drink to ch cold water, those twee secrots are guarded well, Ap.
lain nerves, aad so causes the pain,      Lr ether liquids, ale..h..lie- subjects, and prentices,   before   the)   aro   taken   for
'I'lc   greut   means   of   relieving   such  nil inveterate drinkeis,   ire more linble either   trade,   must   swear   an   iron, lad
pain  is i.i  restrict  the food  for ,1   :'.•«■;,,, fall  victims Ice tho   un's heat  than oath  to  rovea]  nothing of whal   passes
Drink largo quantities'o(( water,  others. en   tho   >, ,- ,,     These   apprentices,
very little else.    Tin less;     As.el. a product  first  demonstrated  in furthermore, musl belong tee families of
''nln   ln""   this   cause   is  Milan nl  the Exposition of IflOfi, hns n -Ian.linn,   musl    pay   11   lar^.-   -um   bv
very frequent and will not bo radically   marvellous elhcncy in reducing the tern wav   of   guarantee,  and   musl   furnish
"•moved  until the diet  is seeu  te.. ami   pernture of the house or ree..en ie, which certificates ol good character and I -
;.  -c'lni ur complete fast  i- undertaken,   it ;„■ employed.    It   is  now  in com 1 fv.    Ij'hese   secrets   have   been   handed
Ueather  changes  will  eenly  occasion   use in I'm  in factories, *.-eiIr. :>.! -tn down faithfiijly from   generation to
!,:IIM  '"  'he  very sensitive, uml  denote  Mens, nnd government  leuilelint:-. where another t'ei  hundreds "t  vears
thai  the -talc ..I' the goaeral health  is   its   action   s„   beneficially   eifTcts   the
low   mid   iiiu-t   l.e   attended   t...     Tl.c   bndilT condition nf the workers that il
bodily  vitnlity  must   bc  built   up.     **.'o|niakcs   it   ease-   for   tie    tn   e'en-   thc A    BKLATED traveller wine w.e-  -
liter hon!  afterword. -i*-     " Hod '" stny .ell night in 11 back-
In   llerelea,i\. where .'i-.el was demon- 'he   Littlo
River
Green and Black Foulard Gowu
norninl   hndy   weed,I   notice  such    lighl
changes,   and   it'   they   are'   nol 1   il
would  In' 11  sure -uen  that  He -talc .ef
He   health   was   poor,
Kiii.'illy. the greatesl eel' all means forI position   building  wen1   prntocfod   freeu   youth ->;' eighteen   end nn equnlly snlln
the alleviation ..1' pain is l.v the appii-   heat  ley it.    This product  i« applied  le   and gaunt     irl of seventeen, both bare-
cation  ef  wed   bandnges, either  ho,   or  reefs  and   window-panes   with   n   hair    footed,   tool,   Iheir   hats   from   wooden
piii'''.     This j brush or with a common  [mint brush        peg'   in   lh.    wall   aid   prepared   t"   so
I w.-is demon-
trated in 100!), thirty thousand squnre   River  countr)   in  Oklahoma,  snys  that
trcs of (flnss roofing c.eveTiiie_e tlio ex    soon alter tl..' frugal meal a tall, gaunt
had  le.
ing to tho frock that will How softly r 1 her feet and will I people  can   101	
'ines, I shows at present.
few
IL'   till
nel
DODDS
IKIDNEY
•k PILLS.
>,    lee
l-t.'l
Iss7.
nptain
nolor bare peel
ciiieililii'l'   when   he   had
be built ou more picturesque 1
There are rumors, loo, founded on  fact, that the mature        l'i* »'i|H owned for eighty years ley a  well-knowi
woman is bringing in again the vogue uf the long Louis XVI., mariner of Sydney, who died at Iho Solomon Islands
waistcoat of brocade worn with the period coat of satin or  aged  eighty-nine,    'lice  bird   wa-  presented   te  the
cloth, and Btrangely enongli, has nisei expressed her intention i when the latter was nine years 0:  ace. and he wa- then 111
of reinstating the once-beloved bolero coat in  favor. formed Hint  Cooky  wus jusl  tin- sn  nee.
Probably she feels that her figure is light and lissom j The bird was left as a legacy tie a Mrs. Bennett, .,1' Sy.l
enough tee stand both these extremes eef fashion, tind nowa- "C.V, bul she did nut get, him until 1801. since thai period
■ lays thero exists no reason why she should refuse lo sanction 'he bird has lived at George's River, within Bight of whore
any mode that may choose to'please her taste. Captain Conk landed, ami whore "the lirst Heel" anchorod
'To the instrumentality also of the middle-aged woman is  nleont  the year of his birth.
due the popularity of the'scarf in all its varieties. -N'e'ne of his faculties is weakened, and he is as loquacious
Perhaps it. was in a  moment   almost   of   contemptuous  as youngsters of  his  tribe  who  may  bo a  hundred  yenrs
triumph that she looked back upon the era when the scarf i younger. ■ In hilarious moments ho will dap his stamps
and shawl were used fnr veiling the deficiencies of the tool coulf not  call them wings—and ye
thin  or the  over plump shoulders, ami   resolved   tha!    thil
fashion should bee revived in order to show the grace and f'-is
dilution with which she could use these once middle-aged ac
cessories to accentuate her present-day charm
cl.I.   as   Hi
mny generally  lee gauged  ley  the  feel*
ings  of  the   patient.     It   he' feels  that
.-..Id   would   li,.   refreshing,  npplv   cold,
Tin'  latter  will  generally be criived  11
ad   iullnmuiutoi'y  uml  congested   eondi
tions.
I'll llv—I'll llvl   By
The evolution of the scarf of silk to Ms more important
form of satin drapery with its lining eef contrasting chiffon
is entirely due to the whim of the mature woman, who has
converted a dowdy fashion into a charmingly becoming acccs-
It 1- a   perfectly  safe cure, ami   one j
Heat may  lee  applied  ul   any  t ime     giv- j
ine. 1,, the  majority of cases,  more or
less ilistanl   relied'.
THE INVENTION OF THE
THERMOMETER
IT  was  not   until  ihe eighteenth  cen |
liny Hint  Hu* thermometer :i|rpenr-
e.l.      \mong   thoso   who   failed   in
Iheir attempts le devise a hoat-and eld
measurer   were   Hie   noted   Halley   and
the   ureal   Sir   Isaac   N'cwton.       'I'l '
scientists   endenvored    1..   supply    the
needed   instr ent   ley  n s  'ef  tubes
containing oil, spirit, of wine etc.. but
»    .    * to  me avail.    It   was  reserved  tee  one
Mr. A. W. Gilbey write- to the "Field : "My koeper, Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit, an oleseure
walking round the hedgerows lately, saw a hen pheasant ■ a.l pee- man living at Darzii
sitting un hi'f nest wilh two common snakes round her neck. n,,> vvorld its themomcter
lie rattled his stick, when both the. snakes scuttled oil', an.l Fahrenheit had failed as a merchant
lue killed them. The pheasant -at quite unconcerned, nnd ami possessing a .last,* for chemistry
never left the nest. The keeper thinks they may have got and mechanics turned his attention to
there fur warmth,    I  have never heard of a similar case. "   |
couhl  nut
gee, I'll ilyl" a palpably mendacious-statement,
Field": "XI"*,
to giv
OLDJHIJM
Cigarettes
TEN TOR TEX Cgge|
4b THE HOSMER TIMHS
Ten Thousand Miles of Stolen
Rides
(By Rinaldo, the Wandering  Violinist)
■ -  wero te he
•al  ridees" on
sionally
Iin, ceei think anyone will dispute my
claim in the title of "Wandering
Violinist" when 1 say lhal during
the the years between the ages of
eleven unci sixteen my e iolcn anel I must
hue.' travelled at least ten thousand
miles, ten thousand miles, too. et which
every im-h was '' -teelen
I was born in Ne'e, Vork twenty-five
vears ago, both my parents Indue tins
sian, My musical career began ni the
early ace- nf live', when one clay I man
agee'l t,, gel hold eef in, mother's violin
and made a tremendous fuss when it
wa- forcibly taken from me. A lew
years later, however, I was put to simly
music under the groat Professor lined
sky. who was then iu New Vork, and 1
made such progress under bim that at
the age eef eleven I wa- earning tie a
■week in an orchest ra.
The comparative sameness eel things
week after week, however, seeiui began
to weary me, and I longed for fresh
worlds to conquer. Two other hoys I
knew, one a singer and Ike eether II
pianist, were going oil' free laucing-
if one may borrow a journalistic phrase
—through the Stale.-. Tbey had no
plans uml nee real prospects, but w.'l'e'
just to gee from town to town picking
up any work in the musical line Ileal
happened  te  be going.
Their travelling oxpous
llil.   feel'   tlieV   We'll'   to   "-t
railway trains,
"Stealing rides' Is
heard of in Britain, lent it is an institution in America, ami though a penalty
of something like thirty days' imprisonment  hangs eve, the li I ot' the free
rider, it is regarded more in the light
ef a forbidden spent than a crime,
The excitement and adventure of thu
expedition appealed tee me, and I decided '" follow my friends' example, I
strapped a suit case wilh a few necos
sary thine.- ,,n my hack, and witli my
violin case slung over my shoulder I
set forth In see tile world.
It wa.- a very dark night, I remember,
but when I got tc. Ihe station the place
seemed to lie. full eef people watching
mu. They were doing nothing of the
kind, nf course, Iml it seemed to me Ihat
the eyes of all Ihe officials and half
the passengers were upon me.
A freight train with a few empty
vans wus getting ready to g" enl. I
waited till it had started and was slow
lv gliding off; then, taking a littlo run,
/jumped on tlie footboard .'iml slipped
inside the car. I hud many narrow
escapes during tho following live years,
but nothing ever equalled for crowded
excitement the firsl live minutes of my
irst "stolen ride."
I did not always ride in freight trains,
but there is less room and less conceal
meat on a passenger Haiti. In the latter, of course, the free rider has to be
much more oa the look cent.
Thc favorite hiding place on a pas
senger train is in front of the lirst ear,
where the unused gangway juts out to
wards tin- lender. Hen' a certain amount
cef heal conies from the engine, and the
lender affords protection against wind
and cold, hut woe betide the luckless
tree rider when Ihe engine starts taking
water up from the trough as it. goes
along. He suddenly finds himself enveloped in a shower-bath, and he may
have I,, travel all Ihe rest of Hie night
soaked to Ihe skin.
The railway companies elo their best
tee .'heck free-riding, eef course, and em
ploy   special   watchers.      As   these   I	
aie" paid so much for every free rieler
they catch, when one falls into their
hands one cannot expeel much mercy
from them, but the actual guards of the
trains are not, as a rule, very hard on
anybody lhey happen to discover stealing a  rich'.
For my own part I never had to Buffer
Hie threatened thirty days' imprisonment, theiugh once ur twice, in spite of
all my precautions, 1  was caught.
Thi1 first time, J remember, was dur
ine a journey in an empty freight car.
I was travelling through Ihe night, as
usual, but I hael been unable to fall
asleep, so believing that all the railway
men would lee in thc caboose at the ond
of the train, I took out my vieeliu and
began to tune up. Unfortunately, how-
over, one of the men happened lo have
come along into the next ear, and when
his ear caught the notes of the violin
above the rumble cef Ihe train he
thought it was something that called fur
immediate investigation.
I was caught red-handed, uf course,
and taken to the caboose. They were
Tery gooel fellows, however, and instead
of handing me over to Hie authorities
«hev gave me a good supper and made
ne' comfortable for the rosl eef the
Bight.
Another tune' I had a still narrower
shave. I wus cnught and taken tee the
police station. The sergeant asked all
alee,nt ine, whnt. I did for a living,
where I was going, nnd so on.
" I like to hear a good violin," he
sai.i, when I told him I was a violinist.
' • I,el   mc hear yen  piny.'
I was only too anxious lee oblige him
in nny direction, unci by a most extra
ordluarv coincidence oue 'if the airs I
played hnel 1 lomposed hy Ihe sergeant himself. After that we gel. so
friendly that   tic  lei   mo go.
In the course of my wanderings I arrived in Chicago, where 1 s I to fall
in luck 's wny. I had a continuous inn
of engagements, an.l I began to g';t
known. As u cousoquenco when I lefl
Chicago I bought my first, railway
ticket. It rtas a curious experience, for
I scarcely knew hew tie behave a,s ll
legitimate passengor, and it  wm some
thing of a sl k  Ice lie.I myself sitting
en   .-oft   cushions  insleucl   eef clinging  to
the gangway und ready i" jump at any
minute,
It w:,, a siin greater si k whon thc
, onductor  came  alone   and   called   me
"Sir!"
lisheel a reputation as a popcorn grower,
and was receiving more orders than he
ceeiihl lill. So he bought, the crops of
his neighbors as lhey matured.
People kept u,c gelling interested in
popcorn until Hie liltlee town of Ode-
bolt, with a population eef only 1,600,
claims to lee, the popcorn centre cef the
wee Id. Lasl yeni 15,000,000 pounds
were produced within a radius of lit
te*eu miles of the town, ami more of it
is being grown every year. Keuber is
popcorn king and Odeboll is headquarters for popcorn.
The average profit of Ihe crop is said
In lc about $50 In the acre, though
thero   nre   instances   of   larger   profit
interest    visitors   greatly,   aud   give   a
handsome effect."
"Fine," said everybody, and his sug-;
gestion  was carried out  to the letter.
Next   time   he  arrived   in  Camaguey, I
the hute! was practically complete, and
.Sir   William   recollected   his   hardwood '
room.
"Yes, i, was there," said everybody,
but with a singular lack of enthusiasm.
"I  should  like to see it." suggested
Sir  William   mildly.
"Certainly. oh certainly," said j
everybody, aad hastily changed the subject.
Sir William was deaf, dumb and blind.]
tee the beauty cef the weather, the excellence of the service, and the sudden ,
death  of everybody's grandmother,   lie
wanted to see that hardwood roon, unci
with   drooping   ears   everybody,   cheek
mated, led him to it.
It hael heen panelled iu all Ihe dif- '
ferent varieties of beautiful native
hardwoods, according tu schedule, from
ceiling tc, floor. It had given a beautiful effect, as Sir William had foreseen.
Anil   then   a   gang  of   painters,   putting j
waiter upset a plate of dear soup down of the ear-drum is equal tn the atmos-
Maeterlinck 's back. pheric pressure except during the brief
Directly the consternation was over, instants when the protection of the ear
he turned  runnel, ami  in a Blightly  re- is    realized    by    upsetting    this    very
proaehful voice remarked to the offend- equilibrium."
er: "It was thick soup 1 asked for."  —
MEDICINE MYSTERY
KING GEORGE'S STAMPS
A N incredibly large number uf other-
TH E storv is going round that when! *""    «'»'    intelligent    human    beings
Oeorge  V. named his private sec-;  ,   ,    ■■■'*•> 'lie most  profound and  un
isliakalele beiiel in the power of medicine
to effect  a cure, aud, usually,  the less
umpoiind they swal
orgs
etary
ike
plac
being made.   One farmer near odebolt
received $3,780 for the output of forty | finishing touches un halls and eorrid
ueres nnd others have done approxi- \ bad wandered in, observed its paintlese-
ntately as well. In the meantime Mr. ness, and given it two heavy coats of
Beuber  is  handling vast  quantities of ivory white,
the  grain  and   is 01 iraging all  his I    Like   tlie   black   on   the   darky,   it
tanner friends to raise more of it, as (wouldn't wash off, and ivory-white that
the   demand   is  constantly   increasing,!]
Popcorn   bas   now  been   introduced   in I
Europe, and  the people over then1 like
it.     Foreign   orders   nre   piling   up   nt
Odebolt.  and   if  the  excitement   keeps | f
up thc whole State of Iowa is likely to)
catch   the  infection  and  go  to  raising;
popcorn for the crowned heads, and for
the erownless ones at home as well.
The farmer wbo adopts a specialty
and devotes though! and energy to it
is :i level headed man, and will more
than likely reap the reward of liis efforts. Thore is more money in a field
of popcorn well tended than in a large
volume and variety of products which
must needs sutler at times for lack of
proper cultivation. To une who would
make farming a life vocation there is a
leal iii the career ui Iuwa's pop-
king that mav bc profitably
<l   and   emulated.
rlur \< tu this day,
SIGNING THE PLEDGE
■   lias
11st   re
after
a   trip
eiily
lUptll.-ll
urioua
expor-
good
corn
stlllli
i seat,
het  of
wilh
evil.
REHEARSING A PLAY
A 1,1, had tallied themselves to the
verge of nervous prostration, when
the director suddenly called for
the act all over again. This time it
went with snail like slowness, feeling
its way over the stage with sensitive
antennae waving in every direction till
it was stopped abruptly ley a small,
but apparently insurmountable, ,,i>-
stacle. That was the breakfast scene.
It was all too brief for versimllitude;
and the burden of breaking it up fell
upon the child actor.
The manager rose in hi
arms extended like a proi
and shouted:
"That scene will fall dead flat if the
hoy can't choke cm his glass of milk
hard enough to make everyone jump
up from the table! ''
Immediately everyone jumped up
frnm the table and gathered around the
child actor, to show him how to choke.
"Perfectly, ' exclaimed the author,
"if thev were onlv Irving io stop instead of start, him."
•' V'es,'' retorted the manager,
"they'll never dee it that well to-morrow night, even if the poor kid should
choke to dentil  ley any chance.''
But the child actor proved incapable
ef more than a mild cough or two. The
little director, extending one hand and
running the ,ether through his hair,
descanted shrilly, down iu front, un the
art of choking as distinct  from eenigh-
ing,    Tl    he  himself  rushed  through
the box door, up on the stage took the
child actor's seat at the table, and gave
a perfectly horrifying exhibition of
choking, the more the director choked,
Ihe less could the child actor, till he began to choke down tears, and then, in
sheer desperation, and some pity, tlie
director clambered over the footlights
into the orchestra, and said, rosignedly:
"Well, go on with the act! "—Robert
Sloss, in  Harper's Weekly.
Till-: Rev, P. lh Mey,
turned   In   Kngland
abroad.     The desert
minister   has   had   many
ienecs, but  he considers that the most I
embarrassing one  occurred  some  years |
ago at  Leicester.
As is well known, Mr. .Meyer is a
staunch advocate of temperance, and ou
the occasion referred to he* met a (lis-
charged prisoner whom he offered a
meal at a neighboring coffee-house.
When it was over the minister asked
the ex-gaol-bird to sign I lie pledge.
' • Vos. I will," he replied; "but I
must have n pint nf porter lirst. I
vowed I wnul.c have one thc very first
mornihj* J came out of prison, and J
must keep my vow,''
"Vou ought to break a bad vow,"
urged Mr. Meyer, but. the man was ob-
clurate, saying a vow was a vow and
ought  to  be  kept.
"Very well," went on the clergyman,
"if you   have  it,  will   you    sign   the I
pledge immediately afterwards?"
The man promised, lent then arose ai
difficulty about fetching the porter. Mr. I
Meyer considered it would be unwise,
to let the man go out for it himself, [
sn as there was no one else immediately
available he realized that he would J
have to get it himself.
At that time he was the best-known
teetotaller ia Leicester, and tlie surprise
of the barman wjien he entered the
nearest public-house to ask for a pint of
porter may well be imagined. However, he gcet the beer and carried it back
to the coffee-house, where he gave it to
tho ex-prisoner after carefully blowing
oft the head.
The man drank it eagerly, lent after
he hail linished he remarked, with a wry
f *:
"That's the worst pint of porter I 've
ever   tasted.     Where's   yer   card,   sir.'
I    may   as   well   sign   it   ae
more.
The pledge was duly sig
num. touched by Ihe trust that Mr.
Meyer reposed in him and by his braving the jeers of thc foolish by fetching
the porter himself, became 11 reformed
character.
,  I
th
by  Lord   knollys  under  Edward
the King asked him. familiarly:
"What she,uld be the opening of my
reign, "
" *t nur Majesty," was the response,
"all  reigns begin  in the same way."
"And   how  is that?"
"With the creatll f a new postage
stamp.''
Whereupon the King smiled sweetly.
The see-rotary had struck a responsive
chord, for (leorge V. is, in fact, the first
philatelist of the century. His unrivaled collection i.s valued at many thousands of pounds. It contains .practically
every stump since 1840, the date of
Rowland Hill's Innovation, nol only of
Kngland and the Hritish colonies, but of
every country that ever issued a postage stamp.
The new Hritish stamp will, it is said,
soon appear, and, of course, it will bear
Ihe effigy of Geiirge V. in profile, but
turned iu the opposite direction tee that
of Edward VII.
The post-office has its established
customs. One uf these is that two
kings, eejie following the other, must not
fnee in the same direction.
The History of the Thunderefs
of the British Navy
THK new "Dreadnought" now under
construction  on  the  Thames will
upied
"I they kneew uf th.
low the greater their confidence ia its
efficacy. If one particular medicine
fails, they are ready to try another, believing, with the 'most solemn, childlike, even touching reliance upon the
unknown, that there is. there must, be,
a sovereign remedy for every human ill,
to be expressed io pill, capsule, or dose,
if one co,ild only discover what it is.
These good people are willing to try,
and to keep on trying while life last's,
and to devote their entire physical machinery to the sacred cause of medicinal
experimentation, confident, despite repeated disappointments, Ihat some day
ia Ihe course of their faithful daily
sacrifice to the god of chance they wiil .
hit upon tlie elixir of life which will at j ",'S.
once remove them from the. peril of the] ,    ,  ,
particular   distemper   they   fancy   thoy |'.':.',v*v 1™L'!!:!'     «.:£ .'.'. ","'",'W^,'' ".'•"."
have been  burdened with.
be the fourth Thunderer of the
Royal Navy that has been built on the
Thames during a century and a half,
says The .Sphere. There have been live
Thunderers in all in the liritish Navy,
only one of which wns built elsewhere.
She was the last, the Thunderer of 18711,
the celebrated turret ironclad recently
sold out of the navy and chiefly remembered for two terrible disasters which
happened to her. Lord Charles Bores-
ford served on her as a commander, a ,,'
also the present Black Rod at St. Stephen's, Admiral Sir H. i\ Stephenson,
as captain, under the late Duke of
Edinburgh, in tlie Mediterranean. The
Prince of Wales was serving iu the
Thunderer as a lieutenant at the same
Thunderer'
Ivent    into    the
CINCINNATTJS
fTHIK   fust   person   to   inaugurate   the
J.     baneful
that   thc    office
man,   a   theory
ore    unhappinoss
drink   any
el. and  the
PHOTOS  AND   PICTURES
The Difference Between Them is Very
Clearly Given in an Article in
the London Times
THK essential difference between a
photograph and a picture has never, probably, been slated more
clearly than it was in aa article on
"Photographs and Pictures" in a recent number of the London Times, and
iu lhe following words:
There is, of course, no absolute standard of truth in representation. But
photography has supplied us with a kind
of representation iu which the mind of
man, with ils preferences, its emphasis,
ami ils inaccuracies, plays no purl; and
eve are growing tee regard its standard
as absolute, and tn lest Vhat we call
the truth of pictures by if. In this we
.ire wrong, for the truth of nil art is
in ils essence emcelieenal. not representative; the truth ed' a picture is sincerity, like, the truth of music, lis value
I'i'eiisisis nol in trustworthiness eef information, but in genuineness of emotion. Certainly the sincere artist will
met protend to greater powers or representation I han he possesses. Like the
sincere writer, he will nut set down
moro than he knows; fur in ropresentu
tivo art expression is only possible
through knowledge. Therefore, in sin-
cere art we always find an accuracy and
precision cef statement which we call
truth. Hut the artist is really telling
Ihe truth about himself rather than
aboul   the  world  outside  him.
w
llll.I'
BY COMMAND
looking   f
pirates   aleeiig
Admiral John
the Chin
Moresby encountered sum
cry 11
•ind
lhal
strange adventure!
ludicrous, One of his experiences he
describes in his recently published book,
"Two  Admirals";
"When visiting the mandarin of Tien
I'ai'h. he. witn his blue button, robes,
uml attendants, 1 with our paymaster,
gunner, and a guard of fen marines ami \
a sergeant, lea was offered tn us and |
accepted as a matter of course. Theu.
in an a !SS cef politeness, the attendant proceeded with Ihe tea to the guard,
stiffly drawn up in the courtyard, the
men with  rifles shouldered.
"The sergeant look-eel round distractedly for guidance; he had nn precedent
for a tea-party on dirty. The men star-
eel with cool contempt at the spoonful
of acid tea. Fearing lest a refusal
might be an offence, 1 hastily said:
" 'Sergeant, let the men take it.'
" He looked nt me fnr an instant with
a long, horrified look of remonstrance;
then, slopping to the front ns if drilling lie gave the word:
" 'Order arms! Ground arms! Take
the cups!   Drink  Ihe ten!'
"Like Wordsworth's 'forty feeding
like one' they grasped the cups aad
with a single gesture emptied the contents down their throats. Next came
tlie stately command:
"'Return the cups! Take up arms!
Shoulder arms! '
" Tt was done. The sergeant wus
himself again: lie fell he had been
e,p,al tee the occasion, and T stilled my
unseasonable laughter in a cough and a
handkerchief."'
t beory
should seek th.
which has caused i
than any other ever advanced in th
greal realm of politics, was a party
called Lucius Quintus, or ('incinnntus,
because he wore his hair in curls; also
because he had at one time resided iu
e im-inuat i.
It was the fall of 43S B.C., after a
long, dry season aud a prolonged and
futile bull movement, in which Cincin-
natus went forth to summer-fallow the
west field, hoping by that process and a
judicious rotation in crops to head off
the chinch-bug and the bears, lie was
a good deal depressed mentally and
physically. He had been trying to
break a new pair of wild and fractious
four-year-old steers, and it had required a good deal of firmness aud perspiration to accomplish this. He had not yet
fully succeeded, in fact, for every little
while the steers would light out for the
marsh at a high rate of speed, and Cin-
cinnatus would have (o follow them
through the dewberry patch ia his bare
legs, for Ciuciniiutus elid not wear
trousers winter or summer.
Ciuciunatus was the man who lirst
advanced the doctrine that the oflice
should seek the man, and ever since
that time it is no uncommon thing to
sec a man, holding on ley the plow-
handles and looking over bis shoulder,
expecting that a good oflice will climb
the fence pretty soon and kidnap him.
The day came at last when a dark
horse was needed, and the Chairman of
Ihe Human Central Committee went to
Ciuciunatus to seek cent the greal man.
Thc chairman got over the barbed-wire
fence aad addressed the eminent Roman
agriculturist,
It was but the work of a moment to
unyoke uld Brin and Bally and accept
the office of dictator. Putting nn his
toga, the great man began to dictate
in less than forty-eight hours, lie went
to the house, washed his hands in a tin
basin of cistern water with soft soap,
some fresh fine-cut in the inside
pocket of his toga, and was drawing a
snlarv on the following Monday at nine
o'clock. '
The first thing he did was to call for
more troops, lie then marched against
the enemy and captured everybody, lie
then returned, having been dictator sixteen days at two dollars per clay. He
drew his jeav aad resigned to accept the
portfolio ed liiick whoator un his own
property.
We have no American to-day who
could accept Ihe command of our regular army, whip the Apaches, ami bo
back on the farm ia sixteen clays. And
yet Cincinnati^ conquered a hostile nation, paid the public debt, anel got home
in time to do liis fall plowing.
If we read the history of Oincinuatus
carefully we are forced to admit that
he was cither one of the greatest moo
of whom we know or that he wrote the
matter, up himself for one of the Roman   magazines.
EAR PROTECTORS   FOR   GUNNERS
ave   been   burdened  Willi.     There  are J
those who find delight iu the discoveryl
of  a   new  author,  others whoso joy is
j intense  upou   hearing  a  fresh   musical
composition   of   great   merit,   but   the
satisfaction   of  him  who  has found  a
I new   and   untried   medicine,   potent   for
| good, surpasses that of all others.    At
last his patient prospecting in the inexhaustible mine uf drugs is about to be
rewarded,  and   until  he  has   tried   the
new remedy and discarded it for something still  newer,  he  is in  a state  of
feverish happiness.
For such trustful souls, the druggist's
shop with its rows of bottles bearing
cabilistic labels, its drawers full of pills
anel plasters, its showcases slocked with
ready-made cures, and its pungent odor,
compounded of exhalations from roots,
herbs, oils, and essences, has a lure unsurpassed by nny other establishment.
It is potent in vast possibilities. Here,
lo the mind of the votary of medicine,
may surely be fouud relief from every
.ache and pain, and certain specific's
which may be relied upon to check instantly the insidious attack of disease.
Without a druggist's glittering sanctuary to flee to life would be a desert
of lurking danger tu a very large proportion of the human family which now
finds its stay aud comfort in physic.
Physicians themselves are well aware
of the comparatively limited curative
power of medicines. They know how
littlo reliance may be placed upon the
prescription alooe, and how much nature, the slow, recuperative force of
right living and the observance of the
simple rules of diet, with fresh air and
exercise, contribute toward curing people and keeping them in good health.
The best doctors are slow to administer
medicine of any great strength, except
iu serious emergency. They earn their
fees, nnd earn them well, not by dosing
their patients with strong drugs, but
rather by advising them as to their
habits of Jiving, insisting upon pure air,
good water, proper diet, aad reasonable
exercise.
Most cef them would give even less
medicine if they dared, ami many of the
more successful practitioners would
gladly throw a large part of the physic
to the dogs, relying more upon natural
agencies for cure, were it not that the
average patient would rebel. He demands something more tangible than
good advice—something to take that
will make him well; a specific, a panacea, ami the physician would be bold indeed who had the courage to tell his
patient tn epiit. dosing himself entirely
anel seek recovery by observing certain
rules of living. The prescription therefore ordinarily accompanies the good
advice, but doubtless it is frequently
innocuous, and the cure, if effected, fs
clue fur inure to observing the advice
than taking the medicine,
tt is the mystery of medicine that appeals to the believer iu it. The unknown
lias a charm which the familiar lacks.
The great popularity of patent, medicines lies in the secrecy which attends
their manufacture. The gullibility of
the public in this regard is undoubtedly
a survival of ancient barbaric faith in
the potency of the witch 's brew for evil
and the power of the love philter to
bring happiness. Civilization and enlightenment spread from age no age,
but always there is a large proportion
of the world's population, outwardly,
perhaps, above the influence of superstition, yet nevertheless invariably
clinging with stubborn tenacity lo fragmentary instincts inherited from ancestors, ages back, who attached great importance to medicinal concoctions brewed in remote caves or hidden glens by
ual occurrence, Will anybody this time
object to the name? They did so, and
very emphatically, in 18711, when that
name was announced for our first iron
clad Thunderer, the immediate predecessor of the great ship now building
no the Thames, A considerable number
of people wrote to the newspapers
about it, one correspondent declaring
that "Giving a ship such a title as
Thunderer is appropriating an attribute
of the majesty of Heaven. It is indeed to be questioned whether our sn
using a name accords with the Christian
principles on which our nation professes to act." Wrote another: "To give
a ship such a name is flying in the face
of heaven." "Blasphemous aad unchristian" was another correspondent's
criticism; "a usurpation of oue of the
attributes of the Deity." Others wrote
calling the name "pagan," aud backing up their objections to its appear*
ance in the British Navy List wi, li
learned quotations from Creek aim
Latin authors. Of course it made no
difference to the Admiralty, for the
name had an historic meaning ami a
dashing battle record under the British
flag to its credit.
Tho first Thunderer, a fighting seventy-four, was named and ordered in the
year which witnessed the shooting of
Admiral Byug, and was launched at
Woolwich ill the ytar Nelson was born.
Her first captain, who made the Thunderer's name world-famous at the start
of her career, was a certain Charles
I'roby, a gallant Welshman, who had
the special honor of naming Ntlson'a
Victory at her launch. The feat which
made the Thunderer famous was to capture single-handed off the coast of Spain
a French battleship of the same size
as Proby's own ship iu half-an-hour's
fight nt one o'clock iu the morning of
duly 19, 1761, For halfan-hour that
aight thc two ships—the French vessel was called the Achilla—fought it
out broadside to broadside, when suddenly one of (he Thunderer's big main
deck guns burst, killing men on all
sides, blowing up Ihe quarterdeck, setting the ship cm lire and scaring most of
the crew. Prqby, to pull his men together, janimeet liis helm over instantly
and ran Hie Thunderer inlo collision
with Ihe At'hille and shouted out
"Boarders away!" as the vessels
bumped together, It stopped the panic.
Leaving the beams of the Thunderer's
quarterdeck "still smouldering and
charred and red-hot in places," as an
eye-witness describes, they seized their
cutlasses and boarding pikes, swarmed
over on to tin* French ship 'h quarterdeck, and took her within five minutes.
Then they went hack anel finished putting out the lire in their own ship.
Two fleet battles at sea, one with the
celebrated Admiral Keppel of court-
martial fame and the second with Rodney, appear in the Thunderer's record
before she perished, going to the bet
torn with 700 officers aad men oa board
in tho most destructive hurricane le
shipping ever recorded—that in the
West Indies in 1870, Nine British men-
of-war foundered, three others were
totally wrecked. Of a convoy of fifty
West Indinmen on tlie way to England
seven only survived. Rodney himself
was at Jamaica at the time and
wrote that "the violence of the storm
prevented the inhabitants from feeling
the earthquake which accompanied it."
The French admiral Martinique, whom
lloduey had come ou, to light, wrote:
"it seemed as if Heaven and earth
wished to return to their original
chaos." The Thunderer's captain, who
was lost with every soul on board, was
tho Hon.  R.  Boyle Wnlsingham, a  son
other; some said because the Admiralty
thought her "unlucky." She was a
coastguard ship in the nineties and
went to her end not long ago as oue of
the earliest ships scrapped by sir John
Fisher.
The new Thunderer is tc, be of 22,-
.",011 tons and will be some 540 feet long
and SO feet broad, a length sufficient to
reach nearly across Trafalgar Square,
and j, width to block up Northumberland Avenue. .She will carry ten guns
with a range power capable of reducing
St. Paul's Cathedral to ashes with the
ship at anchor at Gravesend, and her
speed is to be twenty-one knots. Her
cost will be $10,000,000, and she is to be
at sea in two vears' time.
WAS   COLUMBUS   A   SPANIARD?
THE   most   interesting   contribution
to "Espana Moderna," a Spanish
magazine, from the point, of view
of the general reader, is that ou "The
True Nationality of Christopher Columbus. ''
The subject is not exactly new, because a controversy has long raged
round it, but the present writer brings
into relief certain facts which make it
interesting. The general opinion is that
Columbus was a native eef Genoa, and
Columbus himself is reported to have
declared so when signing a document
concerning the succession to his estate;
but his son contradicted this assertion
at n later elate, and stated that his father's place of birth was unknown. Probably La Kiega gets the closest to the
truth iu his work on Columbus. He
says that the discoverer of the New
World was of Spanish birth, and born
at Pontevedra in Galicia.
La Ricga says that a family by the
name of Colon-Konterosn, residing in
Pontevedra, emigrated to Italy about
1444 to 1450, taking their two eldest
sons, and, recommended by the Archbishop of Pisa, they established themselves in Genoa or in that district, probably Saona. The name of Colombo already existing in Genoa, it was quite
easy for Colon to become Italianised,
especially as there were two Italian.
Colombos who were famous corsairs.
The writer shows how Spanish Columbus was ia his way of thinking; he
gave Spanish names to the places ho
discovered, and wc have to remember
his comparison between the Now World
and the fields of Cordova,'the nightingales of Spain, and so forth. If Columbus were au Italian, then he seems
to have been a contradiction; if ho
were a Spaniard, then all these seeming
contradictions vanish, and he becomes
quite natural. It was perfectly logical
for Columbus ns a Spaniard to recollect
the beauty of his own country at such a
solemn time.
TIIE person who stopped his (or more
usually her) enrs when a gun
was fired, used to 1,0 an object of
derision. This feeling is no longer iu
order, now thai we have ordnance capable nf breaking or straining the eardrum by a single discharge. Military
and   naval   officers'  put   cotton   iu   their
ears, or otherwise protect them, without   accept their mysterious compounds
fear of ridicule, during target, practise '	
mvsterious wizards ami witehes~reputed I "'' .tu0, Earl   of. S1'*""'0"'     His  death,
,„■„„„  f    ,,,„:..   <!„,i„„,.,,„:„ :,,   *,,„   curiously   enough,   mcaat.   two   by-elections in England.   As well as being cap-
wiser than their fellow-beings in the
secrets of root and herb. '' Double,
double, toil and trouble; fire burn and
caldron bubble," chanted Macbeth's
witches, the patent medicine manufacturers of their time, and then, as now,
there were uot lacking thoso willing to
THE MYSTIC MAETERLINCK
fTTOERE is scarcely a more interesting
THE  POPCORN  KING
He  Started in Iowa  on a  Very  Small
Scale,   Worked   Hard   and
Made a Fortune
rp H i: Louisville Courier-Journal gives
JL     this description ed' the prosperous
career   ef  tho   principal   pcepceern
man of America:
A good many persons might In' dis
posed t" look upon the' industry of popcorn growing as a small business. However, there is a let ol popcorn consumed
in the United States, and somebody
has to raise' it—else the devotees there
of will experience a long felt want.
These fails were realized a number of
rs ago lev an Iowa mun. A. [I. Keuber bv "ill 111',', and he set abeeiit making
a specialty of popcorn. He planted
twenty-five acres to start with, and he
result was -'e satisfactory that he steadily increased the size of his crop from
vear to year. Ife acquired more land
ind planted more popcorn, and found
no trouble' in disposing of all he could
raise at a good  price.
Some of Mr. Rcuber's neighbors observed that he seemed to be making a
good thing out of his venture and they
set about trying it on their own account.   Bv that time Reubcr had estab
HERE i
rsceuulilv    iii     the     present-day
world   of 'letters than that  of M,
Maurice   Maeterlinck,  author  of  "The
Blue Bird.''
Horn  in   Helgiiim, it seems almost in-
, credible Ihat this quiet mystic was once
The photograph, if it tells truth at all,   „ inwyor   and. what is still more extra
tells il about the exterior world, and we | or,-jjnary, practised as such.    A deplor
gave   him   ample*
.   ., „    .,       .       I ceciliciu I \ .     ei.ec-i im'ii   u
value il  I",- the authenticity of its in-, .,,,,,,  hu.k   „,* cUcnts
formation. II' it has any emotional of
feet upon ns, it is only through association ami because ii  reminds us of reul
tilings   that    stir   elnolielis   in   us.     The
picturo  i-, ii"!  a  reminder, but a  new
i-reati     with    an    original    emotional
power nf ils uwa that does not depend j J ^
upon  association.    And   if  it docs  mil
ye
possess this power it is nothing. If w
arc right in preferring the simple I" tl
pictorial  photograph, we are still more
liglit   in   preferring  thc   photograph   to
lie- photographic picturo,    For no picture has the authenticity of a phot,,
graph,   the   kind   of   authenticity  that
would    be    valuable   as  evidence   in   u
Court  cif law.    Therefore, when it aims
at this kind of authenticity it is Bimply
inferior tee a photograph, just as a pine
togrnph that aims at pictorial qualities
is   simply   inferior   to   n   true   picture, i
Photographs   ami   pictures  each   have
thoir own  peculiar interest, and  if wo
confuse thom we only confuse' our own
minds  and   pervert  our  own  taste.
time' tee write' articles fer newspapers
nnd periodicals, with Hie result that he
grnduall,*. abandoned law nnd drifted in
to ihe realms of literature.
Maoteriinck nbhors publicity, and will
laee no dealings with interviewers. In
earliest 'lays of his fame he onco
wrote tee a friend in ciemie horror al the
'   visit of a "couple "f reporters who sud-
clenly tumbled into my soup."
His writings have assured lo him a
very comfortable existence, ami he
ivories with his pen only when he feels
like it. Still, writ iug ,„• not writing,
Maeterlinck knows no idle season, no
idle hour, lie tends his bees, his ur-
A tremendous rcad-
keen delight in out-
chare
er. li
■ :
is
Isi
t
irilen.
ikes ;
door
exc re
IS
*.
Sa
llt
W
11
.liille.
Mae
or
in.
k
gave
where he and Mme.
a realistic performance of "Macbeth" a few months ago,
nnd whore thoy invariably spend their
summer, is a line old Norman Abbey,
purchased by the dramatist after it was
vacate'.I by a company of four hundred
monks.
II  is a confusion of the architectural
NEW   nnd   amusing   storv   of   Sir! styles  of  all   centuries—from'the  12th
William  Van   Home   is  told  by [to' the 18th.    It possesses a wonderful
Norman Rankin in the July Issue   chapel of the 14lh century, cloisters of
anada Monthly, ft seems that when j the 15th. un  infinity of deserted chain
FOILING SIR WILLIAM
of t
Sir William was con
Railroad ho decided to install a typical railroad hotel in Camaguey, midway
of tho island, anel wilh his keen eye feer
delail he had an idea as to its decora
tion.
"Why not lit up one of the parlors,"
said he, "with panellings of the beautiful native woods of the island! It
seems  to  me   that  such  a   room   would
structing ihe Cuba ! bers. and a labyrinth nf silent corridors
-all important for a "Macbeth " production.
Maeterlinck's "savoir faire" is proverbial. A distinguished French poli-
licinii. wlm once sat next to him at a
banquet, tells a characteristic little
stury bearing on this.
In the middle of a conversation there
was   a   clattering   fall,   and   a   clumsy
with great guns, when full service
charges are used. The trouble with such
protection is that when it is effective
it also prevents ordinary sounds from
reaching the car; in other words, it
temporarily deafens tin1 wearer. .Now.
however, u protector has beon devised
by an Italian named Mariotti, which
does not interfere with the ordinary use
of the ear, whilo it gives complete immunity from the violent shock of a
near-by explosion such as the discharge
of a great gun. Wc translate a description by Francis Marre, contributed
to   Cosmos,     Says   this  writer:
"The  protector  is composed    esse,,
tinlly of  two glas
size*, separated  by
The smaller of them is introduced into
the ouler ear. nearly as fur as the
drum, The larger bulb, which is in
contact wilh the ouler part of the ear,
communicates with a large outer trumpet-shaped mouth protected by a thin
diaphragm, A horizontal canal runs
lengthwise through the device from the
end near the ear-drum to the inner face
of the diaphragm; it opens at right
angles into the centre of a second canal
perpendicular to it and in free communication with the air above and below. When a sudden displacement, of
air is produced near such a device, a
current is caused in the vertical canal
which, in conformity with a well-known
principle of physics, results in an aspiration freem behind forward. The thin
layer of air interposed between the eardrum and the end of the protector is
aspired in turn and becomes rarefied.
The diminution of the density of the
air in this space is an obstacle to the
propagation  of the  sound waves.   .   .
"That the auricular protector may
have its full value, it is essential that
it shall fill the ear exactly and that the
ear-drum shall communicate with the
outer air only through it. Owing to
the double bulb and the plasticity of
the walls of the ear this is realized
without injury or even discomfort.   .   .
"The essential thing is that it does
not diminish thc acuteness of hearing
and that, owing to the communication
established by the vertical canal with
the outer air, the pressure just in front
HAAKON, THE DEMOCRAT
IT would be harder to find a less autocratic monarch on the face of the
globe than King Haakon of Norway.
Ilis simplicity is suporb. At the time of
his nomination as King of Norway,
when thc whole country was clamoring
for his acceptance of the crown, ho refused point blank to have anything to
do with it.
"Not until I know by a general plebiscite from the nation that this sudden
invitation to join the charmed circle of
monarchy conies from thc heart of the
people and not, from party causes will
spheres ot uncqual-l [ !u'c0Pt tIlis honor," he said in answer
norrower portion,  to his people's clamorings.
Ihe plebiscite was taken. While voting was going on through Norway the
results wero each morning telegraphed
to Copenhagen. King Christian, the
Court, and the entire Danish people
waited with anxiety those telegrams
which oao by one helped to form the
Royal Crown. But not so the centre of
all this excitement: the King himself,
he still pursued tho even tenor of his
way.
And then when the telegram arrived
recording the formal decision of Norway, there was the greatest trouble to
find the new King. He had set out
on his steam launch to the other end of
the port to inspect a torpedo boat. Ho
lightly excused himself to the Court
messenger who rushed after him,
'' I beg your pardon, my dear sir—the
Service, you know. I suppose they will
have to arrange to lill my place."
His compulsory resignation from the
naval service, which he had chosen as a
career in the days when to wear a
crown had been beyond his wildest
dreams, was probably one of the bitterest moments of his life. He loved the
sea as only a born sailor knows how,
and now he has a little consolntion in
his present position as King in the fact
that he is called upon to do a great deal
of yachting, for a large proportion of
his subjects dwell in such remote spots
that the best means of reaching them
is by water. There are few towns on
the rugged coasts of his kingdom that
the railwavs ever touch.
tain of a man-of-war in the West ladies he was a double M.P.—for Snares-
borough at Westminster and for Dun-
garvaii in tho Irish parliament—au arrangement permitted in the gooel old
days.
The second Thunderer, also built at
Woolwich, played its part with Lord
Howe in the "Glorious First of .lune"
battle in 1704—tried in vain with long
shots, standing as near the beach as she
dared, to save the ill-fated French
Royalists of La Vendee on that awful
stormy afternoon when Hoehc massacred them with cavalry and artillery
on the sands of Quiberon Bay ia 1705—
BRIDGES  OR  TUNNELS?
MA~NY American cities are facing
the question of whether a bridge
or a tunnel is the better moans
of carrying a street or a railway from
one side of a body of water to the other. The answer obviously depends on
several factors, of which cost is not
the lenst important. It is charged by a
writer in the Revue Scientilique (Paris)
however, that the choice often seems to
be decided on no wiser basis than that
of following the fashion, sometimes
bridges being in the ascendant and
sometimes tunnels.   We rend:
"Tunnels are now iu fushion and are
being multiplied iu preference to
bridges, without always inquiring
whether the bridge might not be a
more economical solution and consequently preferable, since cost is an
item of prime importance. At the present time, there is talk of driving a tunnel 'under the river' (ns the expression
goes, even when nn arm of the sea is
meant) to connect the two shores of
Sydney   Harbor.
"It is quite evident thnt thc tunnel
is preferable, and even necessary, when
wo havo in mind a body of water'of
vory great extent; because then a
bridge would be enormously expensive.
On the other hand, tunnels arc not best
for short distances. The most recent
example is the tunnels that the Pennsylvania Railroad has just built to carry its line into New York; these have
involved formidable expense. Ia a tunnel, besides, the construction is not all,
thore is large and continued expense for
ventilation and lighting. There is also
another question to consider, which is
also primarily one of expense, at least
when ease of communication is desired;
that is to say, that of increased trackage. The traffic, capacity of a tunnel,
even with double track, is very small
when it is desired to care for the intense traffic that takes place particularly to anel from the suburbs of great
cilies, at the rush hours. On the other
hand, a large bridge is able to take
care of eight tracks without increasing
the cost of establishment proportionately to that of a bridge carrying only
two tracks."
'The sickle-sweep of Quiberon Bay
Kan reel that day with loyal blood."
—took her part in Trafalgar, commanded by her first lieutenant, who won his
captaincy for the way he fought his
ship; was one of the squadron that passed the Dardanelles in 1807, and after
anchoring oil' Constantinople had to light
their way buck under fire from stone
cannon balls so big that four sailors
could look out of the holes in the ship's
sides that they made. The Thunderer
iu getting back had her share of holes
ami lost several men.
Thunderer, the third, an S4-gun ship,
was also launched at Woolwich in 18.11
in the presence of William IV. and
Queen Adelaide, the royal Dukes of
Cambridge and Cumberland, Nelson's
Hardy, then First Sea Lord of the Admiralty, and a big crowd of surviving
Trafalgar officers who came from all
parts specially in honor of the restoration to the navy of so famous a name.
The Thunderer helped to bombard Acre
in 1840, and in two hours overthrew one
of the strongest fortresses in the world.
Our fourth Thunderer was the ironclad turret ship broken up quite recently. They did things curiously in the
Navy then. Launched at Pembroke in
March, 1872, over four years were spent
in fitting her for sea. She was only
finished in June, 1876. Her first cruise
brought disaster. On July 14, when on
her trial run in Stokes Bay, one of the
boilers burst, killing thirty-eight officers
and men and injuring seventy-seven.
Again, on January 2, 1879, while in the
Mediterranean, one of her 38-ton turret
guus burst, killing twelve men and
wounding thirty-five. It was eventually proved that by misadventure a
double charge had been loaded and the
blunder not discovered. Prom 1880-5
the Thunderer was kept out of commission at Malta for one reason or an-
B'
TO   DESIGN  NEW  COINAGE
RITAIN'S new coinage and the
Ceorge V. coronation medal are to
be designed by Mr. Bertram Mac-
kennal, A.R.A. Mr. Mackennal is a
rea] artist, and the coinage of the new
reign will bc vastly in advance of that
of the last. His present Majesty has
always taken a profound interest in
art and artists. Mr. Mackennal is an
Australian, born in Melbourne, He has
a dash of Irish and of Scotch blood in
his veins. He left Melbourne at 18
years of age for London and entered
as a student at the Royal Academy.
Then he studied in Paris. From Paris
he went again to Melbourne and then
returned to England, and now lives in
St. John's Wood, London, where his
studio is full nf beautiful things; every
year the Academy sees some reflection
of his great gifts. One masterly work
that the nation has not seen is the altar
tomb for tho late Lady Ourzon which
he has made as a commission from her
distinguished husband. Mr. Mackennal
will not have a difficult task to eclipse
the coinage designs of the late reign.
The shilling was a peculiarly unsatisfactory coin. The head of King Edward on nearly every coin which one
happened to examine seemed quite bald,
so poor was the relief of the beard and
hair. No circular strap or edging gave
any wealth to this face of the coin, and
the reverse was scarcely better The
design appeared meagre and did not
produce tho happy appearance of former British coins. The centre often appeared to be sunk below the level of the
rim, but this defect and perhaps much
of the general appearance of the coin
was probably due to defective stamping. It is tlie first time in history that
an overseas Briton has been called upon
to design the English coinage._ Mr.
Mackennal was the first colonial to
achieve the distinction of becoming an
associate of the Royal Academy.
I If THE HOSMER TIMES
>
The Hague Tribunal in
Session
1 SLIPPED over to Holland last
month, taking the Hague on my
way to Oberammergau*. in order to
see the opening ot* thc Arbitration concerning the Newfoundland Fisheries. It
wus very interesting, but as there is
nothing sensational about it the news
papers ignored it. Probably not ten
members of the Parliament know that
the Tribunal is sitting. That is the advantage of the Hague Tribunal. The
decisions of the arbitrators are much
more likely to be unbiassed if they are
pronounced as it were "in camera''
without the distraction ot* excited debate. Questions which huve for more
than a hundred years been a constant
menace to the peace ot' America and
Hritaiu arc now being argued out with
the utmost patience by a succession of
the ablest lawyers which the Knglish*
sneaking race can command, 'J'he
.stream of forensic speech Hows steadily
four hours a day. It began on June 6,
when Sir Robert Fiuluy rose to make a
speech which lasted nine days. He was
followed by Mr. Turner on tho Amer-
ican side, whose eloquence was not less
lengthy. There are to be four speeches
on each side, and when Sir William
itobson and the Hon. Klihu Hoot sit
down after summing up all that is to
be said on their respective sides the
urbitrntovs will be ia a better position
to pronounce judgment than any men
since the Treaty of 1783 was signed.
if they do not arrive at a satisfactory
and final settlement, then the genius for
■compromise must have deserted the
most opportunist race in the world.
The court empanelled to settle the
question sits in that room of the old
Ridderzaul in which thc first commission elaborated the provisions for establishing an International Court of Arbitral Justice. It is large and roomy—
much too large for the number of people who attend it. There are five
-arbitrators, with their secretary. The
British have eleven counsel, the Americans six. Britain has more than America, because in this case John Hull
is a multiple personality. He is not
merely the King of Great Britain; he
is also the Dominion of Canada and the
Colony of Newfoundland.
Besides these there are the official
agents, the stenographers, and a few
others. Any passer-by is free to enter
und oeceupy one of the many vacant
chairs. Hut as the proceedings are all
in English, there is not much temptation for the man in the street to stray
into the Bidderzaal. American ladies
ire most iu evidence among the spectators.
The judges number live, but two of
them cun hardly be regarded as impartial arbitrators. The disputants have
each a right to nominate a representative of their own on the Tribunal,
whose duty it is to "see fair*' rather
than to pronounce au impartial judgment. Greut Britain is represented by
the Chief Justice of Canada, America
by Judge Grey. The decision of each
of these men for their own side would
■carry no moral weight. They can only
command respect for their judgment if
they return a verdict against their own
•Government. We may, therefore, regard
the three foreign judges as the real tribunal. They all speak lOuglish. The
President, Dr. Lanimasch, is a professor
ut tho University of Vienna. He is the
only person in court who was a member
of both the Hague conferences. He is
supported on his right by Jonkheer Sa-
vorin ljomnn, a smooth shaven, white-
neckcrchiefed Dutchman of judicial appearance and of ministerial experience.
The third arbitrator is Ur. Drago, of
tlie Argentine Republic, best known as
the author of the famous Drago doctrine, by which all tlie Powers repre
sented at the second Hague Conference
agreed never to use naval or military
force for the collection of contractual
debts. Dr. Drago is a universal favorite. Like tne others, he accepted a seat
oa the Bench at the joint request of the
two disputing Governments.
Sir Robert Finlay opened the case
for Canada. Sir W. Robson will close
, it for the whole British Empire. Canadian and Newfoundland counsel will
plead the case from their respective
standpoints. The American team is
generulled by the Hon. Elihn Hoot, formerly Secretary of State for the American Government, now Senator for New
Vork. lie. has the repute of carryin
the ablest braius in the United States
under his hat. His colleagues are not
much known in England, with the exception of one of his assistants, Mr. J.
B. Scott, who won his spurs by the
great service which he rendered to the
cause of international arbitration ut
thc- last Hague Conference.
So much fur the judges and the counsel. What about the question which
they hnve to decide.' Fortunately the
cash value of the interest at stake is
trivial. Mr. Carnegie declared the
other day that the whole value of the
disputed fishery was not ten thousand
dollars a year. Its political Importance
-depends, first upon its historical record,
and the sentimental interest thus aroused, and secondly, upon tho fact that
the Massachusetts fishermen, who alone
aro interested in the question, are the
•constituents of the sou-in-law of Senator (Jabot Lodge, whose in flu on co on
the Foreign Affairs Committee of the
Senate is very great. It will be a good
thing to get tho question settled once
for all. One thousand six hundred and
eighty-five documents have been put in
as evidence for one -.side or the other,
and there have been more words spoken, in reason or in wrath than all the
fish the Americans have over caught in
Newfoundland waters.
The importance of thc case from the
point of view of international law is as
great as its importance from the point
of view of cash values at Stake is small,
I'or the award of thc arbitrators, however strictly it may be limited to the
actual case in point, can hardly fail to
be invoked as decisive on the many
questions of principle which nre raised
by this ceontroversy. In England there
is statute and man-made law. At the
Hague, in the absence of any international legislature, the nations are com*
pelled to rely upon judge-made laws
alone.
The issues to be decided arc five or
six in number. One of the simplest is
whether thc treaty which conveyed to
thc inhabitants of the United States
equal rights to take fish in British
waters with British subjects, included
in that conveyance similar rights to
every inhabitant of other foreign countries who happens to find himself on an
American ship? Does Bigning articles
on an American ship make a German,
a Russian, or a Swede an inhabitant of
tho United States, according to the
meaning of the Treaty of 1818? A far-
reaching claim this. Another question
is whether the American fishing-boats
which are admitted to equal rights in
the catching of fish with British subjects are subject to equal liabilities in
■the payment of light dues, harbor dues,
•etc., when they enter a Newfoundland
port.    On that also there  seems little
doubt as to the equity of the question.
The two great issues before the Tribunal are briefly these: —
(1J When Britain conceded to her revolted subjects equal rights to tish Newfoundland waters with her own colon
ists, did she or did she not thereby part
.vith the right to frame regulations for
thc proper conduct of the fishery, which
had heretofore been vested in the local
authorities!  and
(2) When is a bay uot a bay.1
Dealing with the second first, 1 may
say that the Americans claim thut a
bay is open sea if its mouth is more
than six miles broad, in that case they
say that the three miles' limit must follow the sinuosities of the coast of the
bay. If the bay is less than six miles
broad at its entrance, open sea begins
at three miles distance from a line
drawn across the mouth of the harbor.
Both England and the States have chopped and changed so much as lo how
they would define a buy that the arbitrators will probably flinch from laying
down any principle capable of universal
application. Having in mind the history of these waters, a compromise
substituting leagues for miles might not
be unsatisfactory. Por in tlie present
dispute, the only real difference is about
two Newfoundland harbors that are
more than six miles broad at their entrance, but less than six leagues.
Coming now to the first question, the
importance of which dominates all the
others, it is probable that tin- Americans hardly realise the disastrous sweep
of their doctrine, that the concession of
privileges of access nnd of fishing entails a partition of sovereignty. They
claim to apply the civil law of servitude to the interpretation of an international treaty. Because the Americans
have a treaty right to enjoy equal
rights to fish and use the Newfoundland
waters, therefore, it is argued, the Americans have an equal fight to frame
the laws by which such fisheries are
regulated.
Hitherto all such concessions of rights
of access, rights of way, etc., have been
subject to the local administration of
the conceding Power, which relied upon
its sovereign power to fulfil its obligations and enforce its regulations. The
Americans question this, and deny that
the liritish Government has any right
to make regulations except with the
concurrence of the Government of
Washington, which by virtue of the
treaties of 1783 and 1S18 claims to
have acquired for its inhabitants not
merely the right of fishing, but an equal
shure in the sovereignty hitherto exercised by the British Government alone.
There is not much difference of opinion between the two parties as to whnt
the regulations should be. The only
material point is as to Sunday fishing,
which Britain forbids, but which the
Americans would legalize. But its importance lies iu the consequences that
would follow all round the world if
claims to a share in sovereignty could
be asserted as corollaries to the eon-
cession of rights of access to ports,
rights of way for railways, or rights
of fishing and trading. A decision by
the tribunal iu favor of the American
contention would upset many of the international arrangements on which the
pence of the world rests. Tt would
lie followed either by a formal repudiation of its authority as a precedent or a wholesale denunciation of all
treaties giving concessions, lest they
should be used as a basis for claims to
a share of sovereignty.
Fortunately the matter is in safe
hands. Mr. Klihu Root is much too
shrewd a man nnd sagacious a statesman to desire the acceptance of the
American doctrine in its extreme form.
Sir W. Robson and Sir Hubert Fiulay,
with their Canadian and Newfoundland
colleagues, are not men to stand out unreasonably against any practical settlement that leaves tlie old principle intact. And even if the two disputants
fail to come to terms, thore is good
reason to expect that the Tribunal will
not have much difficulty iu arriving at
a just and satisfactory settlement.      .   '
CANADIAN FLAX PRODUCTS
Development of an Important Canadian;
Industry
IT is often the case in young countries
that the by-products of even very
important industries arc in a greal
measure wasted. This is, perhaps, part '
ly due at first to their importance being
overlooked in view of the greater pur |
poses of the business, and later to a |
lack of the special machinery and equip-
ment necessary to treat the wasted sul)-'
stances  profitably.
it has chiefly been the second of these;
worked for two days strain it and bottle fur use. Tie down the corks firmly.
One of the .simplest recipes requires
minutes. The ingredients
laret, on*- and a
sugar, two thin
lice of cucumber
herry, a
ly   wasted, *
giving a  few
but twenty
consist of a bottle of
half ounces of castor
slices of lemon, a thin
peel, ice, a sherry glassful
tablespoouful of brandy, a pinch of nutmeg, a tablespoon!'ul of maraschino, and
a bottle of soda water. This is a cup
de luxe, a less expensive drink being
made without the liqueur, sherry, and
brandy, and adding to the other con
tents a few drops of essence of almonds
conditions which has hitherto hampered j and two bottles of soda  water
the Canadian tlax-growiiig industry
They \
nut ot  the
ters in tin
themselves
ution.'    Il   is
Knglish gin
tude of past
regarding e\
loses   hi* article
to  Knglish girls:
He
hint
on id do well to tuk
I k nf their Aim-
art of ma King th«
both   in   looks  and
by
• a leaf
can sis
best of
i Olivers
about   time  also  that   thi
Bbould   abandon   the  atti
(fenerations of her sex in
j every mas iu the light of a
possible  husband, and  should  begin  to
cultivate   that   habit     of     mind   which
makes real  friendship and comradeship
sexes a possibility.
Elephant Hunting in British East
Africa
VI I.*. JAMBS CLABK,
iVL    nuimul sculptor let'
betwi
tile
A
NEW ELECTRIC LOCOMOTIVE
No Need of Live Rail or Wires
REMARKABLE    railway    engine,
with a saloon hitched on, has just
made a very successful run i'roin
Glasgow to Gnrtsherrie, on thc Caledonian  and   .\orth  British  Railways.    Tlie
locomotive   consists   of   three   separate
parts,  a   steam  turbine,  a  dynamo  for
generating electricity, and electric motors for the actual driving.
The boiler is fixed at one end of the
engine, which is a very long one. The
generator is situated in tho centre, and
consists of a Zoclly steam turbine working at 3,0(10 revolutions per minute, directly coupled to the dynamo, which
supplies the electric current to four
motors. These motors give a direct
drive to four sets of heavy driving
wheels. The nominal power of the locomotive is one thousand horso, and
considerable economy iu fuel is untici
pated.
All the advantages of an electric en-
ine are obtained without recourse to
external wires, and it can therefore
travel over any lines. Tho exhaust
steam is also condensed, so that a very
long run could be made. The current of
air which passes through the cooler for
the condensed steam is driven by a fan
to the surface of the boiler, which is
thus under forced draught.
Extraordinary ingenuity has, iu fact,
been displayed iu order to make the
greatest use of every possible feature
to increase the efficiency of thc engine.
The   new   locomotive   is   now   having
tho   finishing  touches  applied   prepara
tory   to   being   exhaustively   tested
pulling heavy express trains.
Un
til quite recently (tax has been grown in
(lanada almost entirely for its seed,
which is better known, perhaps, as linseed. From this linseed oil, which is
so necessary iu countless ways, is prepared, while the residue of the seed,
after the oil is extracted, is widely
used under the name of oil-cake and has
long been recognized as one uf the most
important stock foods on the market.
Besides being very extensively used in
the Dominion, there is a large export
of oil-cake from Canada to the United
Kingdom, The actual straw of the plant
which" is of the greatest value iu the
manufacture of all kinds of cordage and
twine, has in Canada been almost entirely wasted owing greatly to lack of
efficient means for its practical ami
economical treatment.
in spite of these disadvantages, flax
growing lias been for many years au important branch of Canadian agricultural industry. It has chiefly been raised
in Ontario, where a number of flax mills
have been iu operation, and of late
years there has been a considerable
amount grown in .Manitoba, but here,
after the seed has been separated, the
straw, which is useless as food, has been
iu almost every instance, destroyed.
There is practically no limit to the
quantity of high-grade flax that can be
grown in Canada. I n Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta, there
are millions of acres that are suitable
for growing flax of the highest quality.
The rapid extension of Canadian
trade ami commerce and the enormous
development of the wheat-growing industry has correspondingly increased
the consumption, and therefore the value, of all products of flax. It is estimated that over 5,000,000 gallons of
linseed oil and 30,000 tons of binder
twine and commercial cordage alone
were consumed in Canada last year, and
the demand is increasing with extraordinary rapidity. Much of the twine
which is at present used in Canada is
imported, and all that is manufactured
in Canada is made from imported raw
material. The same is true of all the
linen yarns used in Canada iu the manufacture of huckabacks, carpets, etc.,
etc., which are used in large quantities,
and all of which it would appear can
now be made from the Ifome-growu
material. ,
Taking these facts into consideration, together with the large acreage
yearly devoted to the Canadian flax
crop and the almost total loss of the
straw (of which some 350,000 tons were
destroyed last year), it is at once seen
how vitally important is the application
to the industry of efficient and economical machinery, how enormous a stimulant to the industry, and how valuable
WARNING SKY SAILORS
sp<
AMERICAN   AND   ENGLISH   GIRLS
T
UK girl in an American family is
the most important of the children, while in au Englisli family
the boy comes first, declares au anonymous writer in the London Times.
"Every roughness is smoothed from the
path*' of an American daughter, we
read, aud she i.s spared as much trouble
and responsibility as possible. Lift
her ''is one round of enjoyment''
few serious demands are made upon
her time. Proceeding to define "spheres
of girl life," iu this country,,, the critic
of the female rising generation remarks
that the "college ' girl and the "society*' girl represent "entirely different sides of girl life." He confines him
self, however, very largely lo the dress,
cleverness, and intellectual brilliancy
of the "society girl, ' and notes the
points in which she far excels her
transatlantic sister. He tells us. with
an air of profound and judicial cock
sureness:
"The 'society' girl is perhaps ihe
most characteristic product of her '-0011
try and the one to be most frequently
encountered. Adaptability being one*
of the key notes of her character, coup!
ed with an unusually quick and observant mind, she is a delightful companion, in her thirst for "being up to
date,' she is equally interested in
clothes and culture. Clubs, such us the
Review Club and the Magazine CluO,
digest the world for her, and provide
her with neatly worded lozenges containing thc essence of any and every
subject. Her conversation is, therefore,
usually brilliant, especially as she always possesses that sense of duty to
herself and to her hostess which causes
her lo exert every faculty in order to
show herself off in the best possible
light. She has the infinite capacity for
taking pains iu her dress which
amounts in this case to positive genius."
In these respects "her Knglish sister" in spite of many physical endowments is left fnr in the shade, and we
are told: "Her English sister, with con
siderably more natural possibilities,
such as complexion, hair, and general
health, lacks the realization as a duty
of good dressing—that attention to | a_
small details which go so far to make
up thc general appearance of a well-
dressed   woman	
"The English girl, on the whole, compares rather unfavorably with tho American as far as culture and its application are concerned.    The country life
j led   by   the   majority   of   English   girls
j renders  them   somewhat*  dull   as  social
last
the    I
father-
summer
■mat
Aeronautical  Exposition  has just  able escape fron
published   by    Dr,   Fran/.   Linke,   phants:	
or of the Meteorological  Institute;     "Our onrtv lei
Institut
Frank
which
REPORT
service   maintained
iu connection  with
ion:
bee:
director id' the .Met
of Hie Pbysikaloscher  \ erein
fort-oti-the-Main.     This   servi
was the lirst of its kind, was 1
ful that a similar undertaking
to be a feature of all  future I;
to I nautical     competition,     especin
nd 1 regions     of     frequent     'thunder
ieat itie  A nierican:
.11    of    large
Iv   left   to  the   1
exisl   in  all
storms, how-
formerly chief
ptor of the American
M useum  of   \at urn I   History,  re
j cently returned from a  fourteen mouths
.hunting  trip   in  Africa,  says  tin-   New
York   Herald.     At  ;i   reception  tendered j
111   his   honor   a   fi'W   du} S   ago   in   the
studio    of    his    brother,  Herbert     W,
j Clark, at   No.  15-1  West   Kitty Fifth St.
Mr. Clark told thi-- story of 'hi- remar'
herd of angry el
r
"Our party left   Nairobi late in .1
rv   last   on   the   railroad,   going   to   1I1
nd   of  1 he  line.  Then   we   marched   in
i> Jiket\
rge aero
Savs Tht
"The
storms <
weather  services  that
civilized  countries.     I„.
pre.
in bc
•a ft
111.1
lit   1<>
lelv
poe
notoriously dill
basis of the v
that make up the on
and   that   are   all   tl
ordinarily has at  Iii-*.
llv  Hmml
it
om
of    th
"I	
i tontion
- directed 1
; thunderst
, these   storms
I thanks to the
a   small   groiq
: whom  .Mr.  I>u
conspicuous
i cases tb
a long line that may lie
j front of an ndvanr-■- ■
ler-storm  front '----
in   Europe,   about    40
er.-.toruis( are
orecast on the
ittered reports
■y weather trip
the forecaster
nd.    The at-
1 to  the  interior  for  six  daw
j left    the    last     boiUH    behind
. guides saw  some elephants
u.V      hi    tance   away   on   a   hill   slop.
slorms., the   safari' to   follow   and   11
our mules with the guide- an
general   Tiie country wus hilly -nol ei
lutiunnl 1 u stubborn growtl
bush. At time- the grai
tractable that ue could d
follow in the path- mad
pliant -. a od it was onh
tint WC COUld see over th
was most of t he 1 ime t hit1
■ Frankfort
ally to the prediction
The     litv history
is   now   well   understo
brilliant  investigation
■ of    meteorologists,
wa
id Ci
In   the
sweej
Hie
great
th.
mile
hour
is the most!
majority  of ,
t country iu
pared to the i
ng army the -1111111  !
it  a speed averaging. I
(2fil
kil.imetei
Keeps
lei to
advance
ss panil-
ot ditli
The   line  .
in a  position  more or
itself, and its progress
cult to predict, if its existence and position uii- known at any given lime.    The
prerequisites    of    successful    I hunder-
storm prediction are a dense network of
reporting stations and a system of adequate   telegraphic   communication   with
the central  station.
"Dr. Linke engaged the services of
fifty-five observers, constituting a
[iic ket-1 ine of |."io kilometers radius
around the .-ity of Frankfort. There
were mainly recruited from among tlie
volunteer observers already reporting,
but not by telegraph, to the existing
meteorological institutes of Southern
(lennaiiy. These persons wen- requested to send an 'urgent' telegram to
Frankfort whenever a thunder-storm or
wind-squall  (which  is lirst cousin
the   thunder-storm)   appeared   iu   their
vicinity   between   the   hours  of   7   a.m.
and   7   p.m.    The  compensation   offered
was a  free  entrance  ticket  to the ex-
o\ ei ..nr heads us we sat .
" We   had   eome   tn   Wltl.l
died    yard-    of   a    herd
feeding  among  some  tie.
uncoils.-inn- of 1 lie presort
mals, but tlie keen vision
guides spied  the  familiar
hides and sent  up a shout
■ * The guides pointed, :i
nt the direction indicated,
iiothino.    Steadily fixing .
place  designated,  howevo
.-aw a  slate colored  mass
to us seemed to be a part
It  was  t he   immense  ears
chasing away torment ine
We   had
ivhen   the
long dis
We  lefl
ie    ujf   on
gun boys.
ered witli
f elephant  grass ami
wa-   -o   in
nothing but
by   the  eJe
occasionally
grass, whi.li
or four feel
>n our mule-.
1: -.". oral linn
ot   elephants
'-.     We   wore
•e   of   the   uu]
of   the   native
coloi   of their
. • Klephunts!'
a.I  we looked
bill COUld see
ur gaze at t he
r, we at last
tno\ ing, which
of the foliage.
of  elephants
Hies.
I theu slung the other over my shoulder.
1 wasn't sure aboul getting up the tree.
I did get up, however, and 'hat i- about
all. I hud to draw breath before going
higher. At lasl I reached a branch
..li..nt -ix inches in diameter, and there
I  -laved.
■•'I he front of the held had ,|u-l eome
to a stop about one hundred yards away
from me, and the other- came crashing
through the hu-h and massed with the
head ot' the cavalcade. It was a won
derful sight to -ee the \a-t bodj of ele
phants. The graflH was long, but I was
high up and not far off, Ku could -ee
them and their movements well.
"The animals were infuriated. Their
trunks   were   iu   the   air   -waving   and
searching for -.-ent  und  ne ehing and
bellowing. I waited to gel the range
on a good tusker, but they had packed
-o tight   I  could  not   ut   lir-t  -< ne.    I
dually gut  a  glimpse of nne a-  he |
hi- head up. and fired.    At the -hot tli
.again  stampeded,  and    Barker,  one
t he patty, from unot her 11
into the'leader.
" At   this   the   leudei    wl led   nl
and the other-, like trained soldiers,
yiassed in a long line aiol followed her.
she came straight   for  un   t ree,  which
-t I rather ah ,    At  firsl  I ua- glad
ot' this, as it would give me an excellent
chance to pick a good bull. Put a- the
excited herd of elephant- drew closer,
with their trunks iu ihe air and trying
to locate the danger which had
them so much trouble. I
ion-.
lilt
p.ll
•d
-hot
oat
ned
gf"
\ er\
rea
o|!,v  of  the published
to the whole country such application | factors even if it gives them that know-
would be, and what an exceptionally ad-   lodge of nature, as a birthright, which
ortunitv lies open to en- J i[i domed to the town-dwelling American
vautagoons opp.
st
ter prise in its provision.
It is, therefore, with the great
terest and with peculiar pleasure that
we have heard of the invention of new
processes, and that wo now hear of the
formation of a powerful Canadian company owning inventions for the economical mechanical treatment of flax
in all its stages from the field to the
factory. Ky means of these processes
the old, tedious, and expensive details
are entirely done away with. The flax
is now harvested by machinery in exactly the same manner as an ordinary
grain crop und at equally small cost.
It is then taken direct'to the mill,
where in one operation it is threshed
and converted by specially designed machinery into fibre or two ready to be
employed for its various purposes. The
entire operation from field to factory
occupies only twenty-four hours, and
give a yield of not less than 110 por cent,
of finished material ready for thc spinning mills. It is snid that the inventions are exceedingly valuable, and that
the new company, which will be able
profitably to produce flax products of all
grades from fino linen to paper stock,
will, by their possession, occupy a
unique position in the flax business,
These opinions nre borne out by Scottish experts, to whom Canadian flax,
produced by the new processes, has
been submitted for the purpose of being
examined and tested for its commercial
uses. The flax, after being thoroughly
tested has been found to bc of great
textile strength, and to be quite equal
in all respects to Russian, Italian, or
Flemish flax.
Thc great value of this industry has
already been fully demonstrated aitd
established by a Canadian company,
which having been established in 1008,
is now operating mills iu Ontario, and
is selling fibre to English spinning mills
who are manufacturing it into linished
goods for the British trade. These Ontario mills are being taken over by tho
new company, which may be regarded
as a parent company, one of whose objects will be to establish subsidiary
companies for the manufacture of linseed oil, fibre, paper pulp, and other
products in selected centres, such as the
large cities of Eastern nnd Western
Canada. It is suggested that it may ultimately be found desirable to effect a
combination similar to that recently effected in tho Canadian cement industry.
Tho Held for expansion in Canada
alone is vast, but tin; company will obtain the right to operate its processes
in all tho other great flax-producing
countries 01 the world.
Naturally,  the  practical   demonstra
girl. The contrast, in fact, is between
a product of nature with the most artificial of products of the most 'up-to-
date' community. On the other hand,
in England it is, after all, customary
for every girl to be interested iu some
form or other *of social and philanthropic work, whereas in America thut
work, admirably done as it is, is done
by a class of women who are highly educated indeed, but who have given up
their lives to that one object und form
a class apart."
Girls are naturally more or less what
the men make them, but when we think
of the vast host of American "globetrotters" it is curious to read this journalist's estimate of the American man
and his influence on the womankind of
the United States, for he writes:
"The men whom the American girl
moots, are-as a rule, men of her own
city, who have a shrewd knowledge of
business and who pride themselves on
being able 'to size up' a man. They
have probably travelled to New York
and to Chicago, and their standard
measure is outward success, not, perhaps
ahvays of dollars, but invariably of prominence in the public eye. The Knglish
girl is frequently brought in contact
with life as it is lived iu different parts
of the Empire, for some of her menfolk
nre sure to be possessed by 'Wander
lust,' which has so often developed into
the power of colonizing. The interests
in her life are world-wide instead of
local, and this is reflected in all she
does, Her very charities extend from
Lebanon to Lebombo, and her interest
iu sport from polo in India to cricket in
Australia. These are the two key-notes
of au English girl's life—politics and
sport—and they are both indulged in
with that cleanness and vigor which are
onlv possible thromrh health of body
and mind, with, perhaps, an accompaniment of rustic dullness."
The association of men and women
before and after marriage in the United
States is then contrasted, and the difference in their conditions furnishes him
with an explanation of frequent flivor
COS. He declares with a certain sweeping confidence:
''Women nre considered by the American ns a race apart, who must be placed upon a pedestal and propitiated by
much attention and many offerings. Tn
a sense the chivalrie instinct is almost ™ie
too deeply Implanted in the American
man, and in many of his ideas concerning women he is, although he would bo j
horrified to he told so, curiously medieval. And here again we come upon
j one of those deep lines of cleavage
which   divide  the   American   ideals  for
position and
suits of the experiment
"The result of these
was most gratifying, as
two exceptions, all th
thunder-storms that rear
during the three moot lis
tion were duly heralded a
before their arrival.
" It is noted that uo air craft
ed to fly in the face of Providi
the weather forecaster—except  tl
Zeppelin, which  began  its famom
age to Cologne against the advice
forecaster   nud   prompt ly    tan    ii
heavy thunder storm.
"The entire cost  of
only 600 marks ($150)
amount   compared
single  large airshi|
th
th
THE   CRAVING   TO   SCREAM
UXDKK'  this title  .Mr.  Arthur  Mu
reu   contri
ibutes
iiuusi
wbh
to
ru 11 w
•oggle
c,|c|,*   |)l
NeWS    .'III    llllllisiller    tl
kind of pleasure which is c
swltchbnch   antl   spirn
"Flap-flap,"    "Wiggl
similar ,-cijt,iv;,n,-,*s.
"Tin1 question is: Why elce p,
thoir sixpences by th,* hundreds
thousands in orders to obtain sensa
which   in   everyday   life   they   v
avoid with horror unci elis^nM ' Thee o
clinary human being den*s uni like 1,, 1
bumped or whirled en- swirlod or wee
fried or nipt through  spm-ce nt  :i  hid
■•At this juncture another hord "1
elephants l,,,>m,*el up in t), * - right of ns.
Then wc looked carefully -.,i.,un, 1 tee we
'.it nny more were in -.ii*ht. ana, lindiug
I none, wc dismounted und mude our nay
through the grass anel down liie* wiud
of tho last lot eel' elephants anel started
i for our stalls. Wc* were then only one
hundred and (ifty yards from the tusk
| ers. Kin  i In* animals were screened by
j the tali grass ami trees.
" At tlei-e | it  we- decided ie. leave
i our mules and steal up on the elephants.
Occasionally we would climb a tree tee
| try tie locate theih,  but   we  could  not.
J Finally  we  thought  that   we  must   In*
: near them, when we were* startled ity an
j awful   rumble,      eee   II ghl   that' the
'" I elephants   hael   gol   our   scent   and   had
!" I bolted, and Ihut the stampode had cans
to     ,   , , '
.t, I cd the sound.
"We    then    kept    very    epiiet     t'cer    a
while, When we resumed our approach
we heard the sound again. We halted
and at intervals tlie sumo rumble enme
tie our ears, We* then concluded—and
that was later verified- that tin* si,uinl
was lint nne ed' suspicion ,.r apjerehe'li
sicca, lint tin* peculiar incise eet' Bfltis
faction made by tho animals when feeding, This was gratifying, too, leer it
indicated tee us that the elephant- were
at easo and unaware uf our approach.
•■ I ascended a big tree to lee.-ate the
hord before ge,iu^ further, and saw the
wonderful Bight nt' ton elephants feed
ing uot metre thun a hundred yards
away. Thero wore ubout five vory big
tiiski-rs tn pick from, uml I studied tier
fifteen minutes before deciding which
nne tn  shunt.
insignificant I     "' O^iought my perch on tho tree was
x.,!,!,.  ,,,■  h  out of the  danger zone in  easo of a
j charge   hy   the   elephants,   lent    wheu   I
saw  the 'hull  which   I   had  selected   feci
.-•* -v        extermination   roach   up  eighteen   toot
into the branches of it  nearby tree feer
forage  and  bring down  a  big  branch
withoul any trouble 1 thought it best to
the   Evening  niotiut a littlo higher.    I did, but as the
our,   cet   rhe j tr..,. Was not  a  very high one  I  could
lorived from , n0| „,, Up Vl,rv t:i.-. ' I felt, though, that
I was nnt nl' tho range nf the elophuut's
trunk should  In* see me,    This incident
impressed  mo  with  tho, mighty  power
locked  up  in  an  elephant.     I   r,*,-uil,*,l
how  exhibitions  of strength  giveu  by j
lephunts in circuses had impressed mo
but   I   Bhuddorod  at   the  thought   nt'  a
that  mighl   bo directed uguinst
• ■ I  was well up tn the leij;
I    hael    just    -.eon   a    big   belli    ., .
whore* 1  hiiel tloeiiyht   me elephant
roach, and  I .lid licit  feel -ee -ate
mass of elephants, which made
ubout two hundred toot leen^ and
ten yards wide, came tiling past u
thirty   feel   away.       Some   hael
trunks   up   and   were   pointing   at
and  even  went  sn  far as tn feuve
lino and come teeuanl me tn try te
itcy scent.    I was in plain view ..1' t
anil ant *nfi' senile eef them -aw  inc.
nnt   having  my  scout   they  could
tuitktt mt, nut.
"As  thoy continued  to  pass   T
« paratively easy, but  when  I  cl
oel tn look around anel -aw th
tin'   column   Hwing   atel   com
I le  toward my tree,  1  I i
what  uneasy.    There  they wi
Hut
ell    tee
could
This
i line
ubout
■ . i illy
their
t mo,
e thee
..   eet
cm,
l.llt
not
sul
ll
el l nn
irrangeinent s
with one or
thirl v-eteven
•d Frankfort
f tin* expos!
hnur or mien*
ittompt
id
6 big
VI,V-
if the
l<>    a
'  was
tin
lind I
I   the
tions |,
eeilld  j
elt
>lpl
tree.       I
and  came  in get
"f    Hie    COltllUll      i
trunks  on   the  gr
my   nail.    The  ,
trunks high in th
ing them directly
"While   I   did'
realized  li
with  leal  :
a   I.it   -hale
fectly   sti
possible, a
lec.lh    si.les
reach  mc  first,
" I  could  have*
lair tasks, l.nt ilu
moment.     My   ,
-land   ready   and
lirst    elephant    that
As the front id' tin
ally   drawing   clnse
heart   beat   faster
wcenelered   it'  thev
thev
■ front of
straight
Ine   Memo
e    ecu    [WO
the
uml
itraight   ft
had sighted me
mil.    The  front
eight    abreast,
if  following
IkkI   their
dm
hack
I"
It
ll.
ittle  gun
1   kn.'le
lent    till
I   had   t,,
ef   mc   tn
ve   -he,
r
wa-. all alone,
I confess  I  wa-
must   keep   per
fas  nlmosl   im
Id   tn   watch   nn
o   which    evniilel
lei
'd   lint
ly    th.
pump
at  Ihi
light
load
lis with
- critical
Was     tee
iiitie the
touched lh.' tree,
•cliinin was gradu
tee the tree* my
nil fltster, unci I
Mile! try ami [icill
mc out; or mass nnd push over the tree.
"Closer they camo. and twice* I put
the gull to my shoulder tee lire dowu gn
them, but. took it down ,'cgatil tc, wait.
leer the last miinient. Would thoy end.
my nun which I hail used as a step
and smash it tn pieces, not lilting tbe
sce*nt nf man*? I reasoned if thoy came
as far us that, they  surely would know •
till'   Object    Up    the    tree    WHS   ll    lllllll    :,!ld
then   attempt   to  pull   me  nut.
"The,    camo   tc   within   twenty   feet
.1
•ui to!
■Ililed
Then
power
' me late
'I  tl
:imcd
em
the
nent
psy-
ims speed;  he would do ;i great
shun  the sensation  of being susp
as it* without support in uihl-uir.
why   are   all   the   contrivances   i
such  tremendous successes?    Why
the   sixpence   and   the   screams
fail?
** Well.   ;i   frleild   of   mine.   ;n
musician, accustomed to probe
chotogy of noise to it*^ depths,
fered me an interesting solution of the i
difficulty,     We   had   just   rushed   down ;
the water-chute at   Earl's Cottrl  togeth
er- -1  have seldom experienced a  more
disagreeable   sensation—uinl   he   drew
my attention to the screnms and shrieks
which  rent  the air u<  the
down that  horrible descent
the writer with U sickening
fact is' said I he music hi
I girls want to scream. We
why this is so; most likely
meant to know: but there
must scream, or they must—w
come politicians.    Now the poo|
fel
of
ul"
lis
at |
tion of the feasibility of economically I womanhood from the Knglish.
manufacturing Canadian grown flax in- bind, before marriage, the mai
to various products, for which the home ! girl   see   comparatively   little
VANADIUM STEEL
1 demand is daily growing greater, is of
i tho utmost importance to every province
j oi' the Dominion. The encouragement
that will thus he given to farmers to
I produce  higher grades of flax, thereby
VANADIUM steel is the subject of j obtaining greater profit from their pro-
an interesting paper in Cassier's' • ,   ..     . .....
fliict, and the improvement that is being effected in tne conditions of flax
handling and manufacture, is keenjy
appreciated by the Departments of Agriculture of the various Provincial
Governments.
for June, by W. E, Oibbs. II
mentions that an annealed bar can be
knotted cold, showing its extreme ductility. A sharpened end, on quenching
in water from 900 degrees Centigrade,
is sufficiently hardened to scratch glass,
lie adds, it would be difficult to equal
such   a   combination   of   hardness   and ^^^^^^^^
softness in one material:— Mix together two quarts of best bot-
"As a matter of history, at the Paris   tied cider—old, if possible, sweeten  to
Exposition  of  1900 a  planing machine | taste taking care that the sugar is per-
Tu Eng
ami the
of   each
run these shows havo meditated
Pact.     They   know   that
scream,   and   thev   know
frowns mi the practi
troots or at aftoi
drives.     So   thev   li
water-chute   and'   tin
other thing^. simplv
may Bcream aiol Bltr
reproach.    All thesn dodjjes ;
excuses  for  screaming.'  Sue)
musician's  thoory, und   I  au
io think there i*-.'.-i good de
for it."
bouts swept
and struck
bang. 'The
i, 'thnt nil
tion 't know
we are not
il i> - thev
II.   be
e   Who
ui this
lilt     to
then drew a  ben.I on tin
bruin   and   fired.     The   brain   i-.
iu the wide expanse
head,   and   is   about
■** the bull "s eye of ,-i
II turned and bolted,
I missed his brain,
the rest  ui the purty
nearby look shots at ihe
One'   of   the   sllOtS   took
buck   of   the   elephan; '.-
i small <-lnuii ui dust ascended
fr     his   hide   when   the   bullet    Ml'lick.
but neither shot seriously Wounded him.
"By chance we happened to look on
[the opposite hillside and were astonish
ed to see the whole hillside moving
with a herd of more than two hundred
elephants, their white tusks ^istenin
in  the Miu us they  moved along.    In
j shorl  time they wen1 out of sight.    A'
■ry .small area
in elephant 's
as difficult to hit ;
target. The big In
und I knew I
".Members
on the ground
fleeing animal
elfeel     in     the
neck,
e.f   the
•    1 ,0
'',
an.l   f
or
see
1110
illex
e.'lio.'llllee
reason
,  turn,
d, un
il
a
1   a
sign
al, and
joined
the*
ro
st   cf
tli
0   1
ll'l'c
1,  wh
ich was
lieiW    1
load.
•el
ill   a
die
-eel
ioi
a   ll
ttle   off
from
III v
in)
liel'ilc
■ I
•*;,]
ll'll
inly.
"W
it li
/jri
int    re
lie
f   1
w
at.dip
■ 1  them
gradtti
illy
ree
*0.|e
I'arlh.
»r
and
farther,
ami 1
gave
' a
Bigli
cef
roi
lief
whoi
i 1 saw
thoy wore
well aw
ay
fr
'em
hoar!
ing di-
talic.
Tl
icy
went
'c
•IV
at
I    nt'   a
fast   walk,  anel  c
bofore  thom  as
roller  had  gone
"Their  format
watch.    Thoy all
I'isicni.  ami   whoa
tun
ind
shorl
s  thev
thing'
while'
kept
■hnuge
I hey
everything  wont  down
if  an   immense  steam
■ ever    the    (,'l'cilllid.
ieui was wonderful tn
moved with such de-
they  Waited   tn form
|„',fe,
'I  thei
tlv
were  Inst   ti,
straight,
arse,     la
THE DIAMOND RING
LONDON thieves ;
se limes   lh..
llllt.
I'll!,
Lt      I
oe iety
ing in
■d    the'
iw   that
nt' screan
   tea- eel
.'   invent
switehbni
order ihat girls
i  freelv without
,„|,ly
sent, a guid
minutes he
coming bac
them ami et,
branches as
had moved ;
ihe dead el
herd t hundcmig i
possible to see tl;
them ami in a few
id saying tuey were
■ prepared to meet
r the crashing of the
iff
return
VV
lid   he;
lhey   ploughed  along.    We
bout  a hundred yards from
'phanl   and   could   hear  the
lbv.    But it  was im
i  on  account   of the
t
1 t
was  the
inclined
» be said
SUMMER DRINKS
was exhibited in which the tool, made
of vanadium steel, was becoming red
hot on account of its high temperature,
and yet without losing auy of its properties.
"Vanadium has been well called the
'Master Weapon-of the Metallurgist,'
and in the hands of such master metallurgists as Professor Arnold, Mr. J. E.
Stead, and Mr. J. Kent Smith it has
proved a veritable ' Excalibur.' Not
yet has it been signally defeated, although it has been employed for over
ten years, and during that time it has
been subjected to the most drastic tests
that could be devised."
fectly melted. Add half a nutmeg grat
ed, a littlo powdered ginger, a glass of
brandy, a glass of noyeau; cut a lemon
into it in moderately thin slices, and
let them remain there.
Put two gallons of cold water in a
pot upon the fire. Add to it 2oz. of
good ginger, bruised, and 21b. of brown
or white sugar. Let this come to aboil,
and continue boiling for half an hour.
Then skim thc liquor and pour into a
jar or tub, along with one sliced lemon
ami one-half ounce of cream of tartar.                  	
When nearly cold put in a teaspoonful Lgirl has so far neglecf.ed
of yeast to cause tho whole to work.,
The beer is now made.    After  it  has
other, but. after the marriage the com
mon life is a necessity nnd the womai
must be prepared to study his interest?
and to make them more or less her own
In  the United  St
the  man  and  the
friends   and   comrades,   enjoying   mud
freedom in their intercourse; after mar
riage   the   two   seem   to   lead   separate
lives.    The  man   is wholly wrapped   up'placing   tl
in  his business, and the woman,  when   fchoreby driv
her work in the house is over, devotes
most of her enemies to the  pursuit of
social pleasure. 1 n fact, they can not
really be said to lead n common life. .
. . The idea of a marriage settlement
or a definite allowance is abhorrent to
the American mind; and yet, when all
is said and done, the American woman, \
with all her independence, is the most j ..
dependent of women; for is not he. who '
hold? the purse-strings the master, after
all? . . . Tt is more than probable
that the large number of divorces in
America are due to the unconscious desire on the part of the woman
to find a real partner and comrade in
life instead of the mere financial agent
that the avera^'- American man is content to be."
This writer regrets that the American
to bring her
great talents to bear on the national
life.   At present tbese talents are large
SUMMER   HINTS
Hot weather N no excuse fo
v.~,- and forehead.    CIsc a liti
Cologne   or   spirits  of   camph.
tes, before marriage, 1 water when  bathing the face,
girl     are    excellent |      Before paddling it is advisal
' the  head   with  cold   water.
and   colds,  especially   in   cl
quently result from    shock
feci   in   cold
lig  the   blood   ti
Rathing  in  the early  mor
empty  stomach   is dangerous, and  often
docs   more   harm   than   e, I.     The   best
time   for  a   dip   N  about   an   I '  ami   a
half alter a meal, and when tl
wa rm. I lo not remain in th
longer than about  ten  minutes.
Eat  plenty of  fruit.   Th
tally is excellent nerve food
oavy foliage.
"I climbed a tree and saw the whole
:'J herd pass not more than a hundred and
fifty yards from ine, but could not get
a line ou auy choice tuskers on account
id" their being mussed, I got down from
tlie tree, joined the party and followed
along to one side in the rear of the flying herd, After travelling some dis
tance 1 climbed another tree and could
>ee them about five hundred yards off,
down u hollow packed with donso bush
and  trees.
■•We decided it would be folly to go
iuto    such    a    place    Ior    Ihe    elephants.
where   we   COUldu 'I    SOO   six   feel    ah.'ad.
While   I   wa-  watching from   the tree  I
iblo to wet    saw a cow and a call jusl across a little
Headaches   opening and the heads and hats of three
Idieu.  fre-1 white men  occasionally bobbing up.    I
thought   thoy   would   get   into    trouble
with  the mother cow.    Then   1   lost   sight
of  el.■phants  and   men.     A   little   later   I
saw   Ihe   men    -talking   a   single   Young
bull.
"We   mounted   the   mules   and   were
taking a last look at our 'lead elephant
suti  is   when several shols rang out.     Wc real
water : iwul  that   other  hunters  had  got   on  to
the herd.     We galloped  to a  high  point
ipplc  es .and could  see I he big herd  all   massed
lo
■ did
.^nili.M
ire very clevo
biter gets  bit
following story  told me by a ..e,,,-
lipondCUt    i-    perfect l\     i flic:
Mrs, Smith was on her way home af
I a day's shopping. She still had two
ders !'• give at llarrod?', and she
ok  a  Browpton  Rofld omnibus on her
iy there.    She sat   down, hardly notic
g the  man   beside  her (ill  the  c Ilie-
"    e    round    for    fare-,   and    then,
ompanioii  held  oui  his penny,
observe   that   he   wore   a   really
nt   diamond   ring.     So  line  was
the stone that she glanced involuntarily
ut  his face, a  remarkubl i and  not
easily  forgotten, and   it   was only  when
-he observed his gaze fixed witli
est   upon   herself   that    -he   t
in   some   contusion,
A   few  minutes  Inter,  II;
reached,   and   she   hurriedly
and   made   |ier   Way    lo   th
-he  roquirod,
.lu-t   a-  she  ha,I  comph
chnfle,   -he   u.d iced,   wit h
plea-ant    -hock,    that    the
omnibus was standing clot
However,     she     >|ip|.rd     ill!
r a shin\
Iq eau de
ir  in   thc
caused by
ater,    and
Ihe brain. :
d
de   },.
inter
rned aside
rods'   was
descended
e   depart ment
ded her pur
a rather unman   Of   the
■'■ beside her.
o  t in*  crowd
ickly to tl
dher
she finish-
same man
she made
ms, where
and threw
the   shop-
It has
more phosphoric acid than any known
fruit, in easily digested shape. It ex
cites the action of the liver, proinnles
sound and healthy sleep, and thoroughly
disinfects the mouth. The apple also
prevents indigestion and throat disease.
Sun baths are almost as essential for
invalids, ami the weak, sallow, spiritless
class that arc neither ill nor well, as
water baths.    Change your position, so.
of j crashing my way not more than a hundred yards awny.    I had taken both my
to   have   its  ofTect  on   all   parts
ur body.    Never mind the tanning
but could not see the men. although th
firing continued. The elephants turned
ami came our way, and we saw it would
be a good chanco to look them over tor
fine tusks. We gave the mules to the
boys and told them to make for safely,
while we went   for the trees.
"I climbed the tree from which I had
previously watched the elephants. Thc
tree had 0 smooth trunk for about eight
feet up.    I  could  hear the  elephants
the reddening, and lounge as much as
possible iu the sun's powerful rays.
guns, but decided to use my big one as
a step iu order to reach the first limb.
^^^^^^^^   r way rpitc
depart at,     Mere again, as
ed,   -he   became   a w a re   of  the
close   behind   her.
Now t uoroughly alarmed
her wav to the costume ro.
he could hardly follow In
herself upon the mercy of
walker, explaining Ihat Bhe feared she
w.i-* shadowed, and begging him to •_",,*<
her out of Ihe shop by a back way This
he did, Called a cab for her and sent
her safely home.
Having an account at Marrods', -he
had not needed t" pay there for the
things she had ordered, and it was only
w leu -he reached her own house that
-he put her hand in one of the pockets
o|'   tie*   coat    sh.*   wore.      As   she   did   SO,
-he found no purse, but    ihe diamond
ringl
Kvidcntly thai, too, had been a theft,
wa- too big for its illi'dt wearer, and
had dropped off -.vlleo he dived tor Mr.",
Smith's purse. IJe had disco*. .>te.1 this
almost immediately, and haunted her in
the vain hope that he might yet recover
it. She took it next day to Scotland
Yard, and though assured that it would
never bo claimed, left it there for somo
months, and then had it sold for a good
Bum. .\^ there were only a few shillings iu her own purse, the thief had iu
thi? case got well sold for his pains. TUB  HOSMEB  TIMES
"That Reminds Me
T
in:
teacher had I
lass about th
• • Sow, name -ceim- thi
said, "tuiit cere wry duugi'ro
uear lo, med that  have  liorus.
"Automobiles! " ropl
,lcni'<. i nptly.
nee.   telling   ile'   *     SCOTCH   laboring   man,
ii, eros family.   x\.    married :e rich widow <*v
ittle .lenni
xceptional
for   her   plainness,   ecu*   accosted
-jet    l.e-  his employer:
'*• Well,  Thomas,"'   he  said,  "I   hear
THE    prodigal    -ecu    bad    returned. I my race.   Tbe nose is unusually broad.
_L    "Father," he said, ••nre yeeu go-  Tbey are shy, lent friendly unci hospit*
ing tie kill tin* fatted calf?"        ' :,)>k*. after tlu*ir confidence is won.
"No," responded tl Id man. look-       Tbe pygmies everywhere appear to bc
ing  at   the-  youth  carefully;   •■nee,  I'll   oomadic, and,  like all  nomads, depend
lei  e 'ii live.    Bul  I'll put yen in work   for  their   living  chiefly  upon   hunting
and train -i,ine nf tin- tal off." uui li hing.   Tin ii  weapons uie poison-
B    t    m ed arrows, which they shoot from bows
  and ii primitive form c.r sjinne. gun. The
TT7TLLIA11*S   lernther   had   killed   a  poison   is ..let.',iiic*d   from  the*  upas tree
ii.  who   had     \\      man iu cold blood. j .er some* related plant.
With the Horses
What  sort of a  wile   Iiii
'      ,""'> ''','*,-e           ,          .       i'"«  ''••I'"'"' Plan** TN  these days wh,.,, sanitary regula* in the manner described   .'.nd  he won
"Well,   William,   how   about      It. appears, according to A. C. Had- 1    tious are receiving such large con .lers why instead of ..etting well  the
„r brother.*     a  visitor to the town  don,   that   previous  travelers   in   New sideration in all directions tor tbe grow   worse   and   won ,d    ,,,l,,l
u-,    '■'■ '""', '»'„-"'' "',"  '":]l    .   Gi»nea have  noted  indications of pyg- human family, it is only becoming lor one or both die.    Even more to be mar
•Why,     sa„l William   "the, ve put   m,   tribes   „,   several   regions-in   the those interested  in and  responslbl! for ee|,„t at,  veterinarUns will-be  wi.    "<
..  ... jail  for a month                            shape oi  occasional  indivTdua a of me- tbe  ,-are  of  domestic  animals  to  give and   even   accessories   to   such "cise
Hint s rather a  light sentence for  dium  stature,  presenting a  mixture ot  some  lair proportion  o' h 1  t„  saui* alter nil the experience thev have had'
"i'l'l'l teel innider.     -ai.l tiie* '*cuiie- ! iieKiite    and     uanuan     characteristics.   r.Arv nheu,rvneeceaB c.r ,i,..;r ..,„..,„,. ,  ,   ,.c. .:..     :.■*  .,
My  DKAH,-' sai.l a  vain "id   i uu
Ins    wife,   "these    mends    her
wen 't       le.'li' *''      "ecu        I 'Ul      el'':
:,,:: .  live ; c ars ..hi.     Y (HOW   I   =peul
the truth, dou't yuu'."
"Well,"   answered   Ibe   si'ieple   wife
*■ | suppose i   st  believe it, John, u
\een'\ e stuck t'e ii  l"i  fifteen years.
e ..a are married
llu, e you   gol .' ' '
.'.'u""1-    ';,'■",.""'    I.1"'    •>-sPonse,  a cold-blooded murder," said the gentle-1 negrite    and    papuan    characteristics. I tary observances for their comforl and
•'"' •   the  Lord s   handiwork,  but   1   man. "The English exj ttion has now dis- health, says Spirit of the West     -\ par-
cauua say she s his masterpiece. '* Ves, sir." William admitted;   'but covered," writes Dr. Haddon, "a pyg- ticular  in   which   breach   is  commonly
nl   '!"*  in..cth-  cad  they're  going  tr my   populatiou   ut   Netherlands'   New made  iu  every  principle  cif sanitation
Hang him." Guinea, which, presumably, is allied to in  the  treatment   of   the  noblest  and
l.is.   ni..\l.le k.-    the  [landlady): .   .    - that inhabiting German Now Guinea." closest to man of the animal kind   the
Can I  help you to .some more   t^THER. do vou like mother!" Regarding tbe geographical distribution hor
Mr.   I'uiiili'v.' H
M1
MA. wbatar,
-..,'ltlll      ll
tlie folks in our church
j, a   subscription  foi''
■To   send   our   rninistc
holi lay i" il i.lie.-in this sn
•■ Won't  thero I'.- ii" church
while lie'-  gone?"
•• No,  deal."
■    M;,.   i '*..■  ui ,   ti'..' er>ll*irs  11,   I
.   ,..,„ I eive him that '"
soup
Mr. Diimley:    " No, thanks. "
Mr-. Ileiire.il- (engagingly): "Don't
refuse, Mr. tJumley, I.ecause- il i-n'T
considered good form io lu- helped
twice I" soup; we're not particular
people here.'
Mr. Iiiimley: "Oh, etiquette has no
thing to elo with it, madam; it's the
soup."
A     I'.ls.iti}', while staying at, a couu-  blandly
.THER. elo you like mother V
"Why, yes, of course."
•' A n*t siie likes you :
"Of  course  she  docs.''
■ ■ I del she e\ it -ay so .'''
" Many  a  time my son."
■ ■ Did   -he-   marry   you   lie
se, merits attention  while agitation
cef pygmies, he e|untos some interesting  alon,» the liue prepares an open way for
rtatoments of Bascher regarding their it. It is iu th,* treatment of horses
existence in New Britain. They are that are already ailing^and particular-
said lo live in clefts in the rocks, and ly where suffering from a disease of an
to .-teal fruit, from the* neighboring gar- infectious character. As is well known,
she dens. "They nre see tiny that one modern, up-to-date handling of persons
loved vieu.'" stands on the shoulders of another, and   afflicted  with  disease of an, sort, and
"Certainly she did." I *° on until they reach the fruit,    the  eminently so when the leasl  infectious
Tlie boy scrutinized his parent close j fruit is not thrown down, lest a  noise; or   contagious,   as   most   ailments   arc.
Iv.     -Well,   was   **lic   as   near-sighted   would lc made, leu,  passed from  hand   looks to putting  uud  keeping them  iu
then as she is now?" asked the youth,   to hand until it, roaches ll hie!', who  the cleanest and tidiest, and most  thor
on  the  ground." oughly   disinfected   quarters   and   sur
roundings possible to be provided   He-
KI.'TAI.V professor toici a story of
THE QUEBEC BRIDGE
.Z~V    ley   rectory,   was   roused   in   the
morniug lev a female voice in the1;   *    i_'l...
•hen Kinging hyenns.    iiii e'eiej£* down; /\_    ;in   ,,!,.   woman   he   once   had"  as   "JVT''   structure  which   has   ever   been   they are not thrown  into a  room   reek
lousekeeper, to whom in' made n 1"    proposed rr undertaken in Canada  '";.'  with  contagion,  and  crowded   to
already smitten with the disease.
rece-
havc
i'iy
it    Ilis
i    thet
man
s     -e
ei.   *' l'
reels
llele
• Y.
id   III.
morniug ;,v ii temale voice iu tue    i    CERTAIN
kitchen  -iiieceee hyenns.    On union; down: /\_     .,,,    ,.],.    w
tn breakfast  he congratulated the girl: housekeet
ecu  her excellent  , king, and also on   sporting "Her. has.  we  should  think,  attracted  gother with a lot of others similarly af*
thus  beginning the da,  with  praise. "Janet,"   he   said   to   her  one  day,  quite so much attention as the Quebec   footed  and  forced  to live and  breathe
••iih, yes, my lord.'   replied the* girl,"the \.'re  next planet I discover I will  Bridge.     Since    tlie    collapse    which  and teed in an atmosphere surcharged
brisk country lass; " 'Onward, Chris    make  you  a  present  of  a  sovereign."   necessitated its rebuilding, it lias been   with   the  deadly   virus,     Hut   contrari*
ne   verv   kind,   sir."   slue   re-   more or less constantly before tlie pub-   wise their rooms are aired and ventilat-
plied, "anel  I am sure 1  lee.j.i. yon will! lie—Ihe engineering portion of it, any; eel    ami    disinfected    with    the    most
Foundation' fci frying tho baeou.'    soon discover one."
Several months .vent Iv   iml no ;,!
is were discovered.
"'I'l,,- fact
AS  eminent   man  who is a  sl rid  ale
■.taicccr  from both w ami aniiuul
i I is ol.iice'el in consequence ol
thi-  peculiarity   tn refrain  fr iiuiiig
,""■    II" entertains, however,  ecu    ,,.u|  Soldiers,'  ..-   just  tlie right'Jength   ""■"■'*,',■'!,"
sicmil   kindred   spirit.     ' hie   such   was   ,,„. ,„„].,,, t)ie , „.„^ .,,„, ,T!|,. ohurch's J plied, •*.
Ull'    1lh    ip
ililient
.1   .'ar   1
IT   is   told   that   a   certain   holy   of  a
western    Kansas   town   'Jesired   to
,   •      , .        . , ,      I'lUllleleii    t ll
,.    I show a   kindness to the captain  ot
the   leec'il   Mate   militia   company   and
J unite-   Ihe   following   invitation:   "Mr-.
requests   Ihe   pleasure    of    ' apt.
s company  at  a   reception   Friday
GENTLEMAN was
iding
Wife'
of tlie matter is. i
old woman to tht
* I dee think the |
ight and discovers |
profes-
cete'ssoi'
ctc'ien.   |
■ easy i
leading     holed-    when
made a  remark about  it  beii
tee   gel   a   little   "wet    ref resilient s"   ill
tin- Magic City.    The* young man saiel:
• ■ I have been in Birmingham foe nine
days, ami 1 have never found that wet
spot yet, and I want to ted! yeeu I have
looked  for I'or it, loo.''
The •■ nev tr sleep" negro porter of
this hostelry li-ol become interested m
the conversation, aiol. advancing close*
enough    to   lite   speaker   to   tip    hi-   cap
politely, asked  this question:
"Boss,   where   is  yuu   heen   stopping
Since    Villi    entile    to    town       ill    de    como
ten .'''
CIC    till.'
way—anil the various staoos through powerful antiseptics, and every article
which it has passeel so far have nc- used about them subjected to the same
casioned much discussion, and. as in treatment, and eyory pains taken sng-
the case of its plans, some severe criti- gestod by the ingenuity of man to re
cisni. j duco to the minimum the deadly agency
Now Ihat the tenders ten the erection: working on them.    But. how is it, as a
of the superstructure of tine M,,w bridgo  rule, when disease invades the ranks of
are tee lie asked  tier  in  the  very  near   horses? lt may be that enough  is cleene
future, the question id' its cost is occn-   '" separate the ailing from the well to
^FLFPHONE girls aro used to being I Pyin8  tnB  a]ose  attention  of  builders  prevent them from becoming contamin-
''"'"'"'■'• I       '''il„l   .',„   ,r„l,.„   tha   enrroct   time '"Ull    till'    pillllii;    ITI'l, ,*1„ 11V.        It    is    flllitl*    a ted   II 11.1   Colli i II g  eloWll   11 Isil.   But   1,1 IH't V-
\      i.i.ecein,     .....Iv    c-.ee Wit!.     11,.       -i cit  Cl     111   tO   glV6   tllC   COrrCCt   UlllC       ..     , ' 6 < ■-.:.! ..■.,,      ...   ,   '
•*   piompi   ii pi,   * mi". Willi   tne, I      ,"-       ,„,i|,„|   ,1,.,,.,,   kv   likely, however, that a great surprise is   nine chances out  of a linn.lied,  it  two
wMiCasels, O™.  — 'stomtmny'at U '";'"  '" »  ""''^ ""'"l""""* «■»* ! ^.r,!".^^ .!i:.:..!'7..c1:.!iKrS  '''' """'" "" 'U^tM' ""'' ^ tl"'°WU
■•epis   vour   liii.d   invitation,   and'will  the   number  he  c
th    I.lea-ore    I,,    v.,or    ,„„-,,,',..,: I "hell    he   |s"s,|rc.
Prid
dons  nut   answer I arB S'ven oute tor it now looks as if a  together  iu  a   lot   or  close stable,  and
some one is await-c tender under ten million dollars for the I allowed to pollute, uot only (lie air they
perienee they have had,
and observations made, it lhey ev. .
make any. No wonder the range horses,
with all the exposure of storms aad
cold and lack of food and care, weather
through and survive such diseases, even
if somewhat epidemic, because the sick
one does met have tee lieeht more than
his own germs and contagion, and has
the opeu air to battle in. There can In*
uo i cenceivable case where there can lee
justified lodging one ailing horse or
.•oil with another, or keeping in quar
ters met thoroughly ventilated and
cleaned of every possible impurity and
disinfected with the utmost care, ami
where tin* same precautions a l'i t employed to secure perfectly sanitary sur
rouudings as are used with the human.
If an owner is not able to afford the
expense of such care iu his stable or
box stall, or in a veterinary hospital
where    such    sanitary    provisions    are
i lc  Il    should  he  turn   the  animal
"lit   in   the   open   wild' it   kept,   ley   hu
man constraint subject to deadly virus,
with no possible escape, and denied
even wholesome atmosphere to breathe.
The physical economy is such that the
resisting power against disease is very
great, with pure food and nature's
healthful surroundings uucontaminal
eel and unpolluted by conditions thut
human interference has brought about,
and if not given the treatment that advanced science and medical skill have
discovered and rendered possible, then
the poor brute should lie given the
chance that iu his native wild state he
enjoyed
"THEDEADHASCOMETOUFE1
I "nnU-DIET MIRACLE
mrs. Man rcmncK
Enterprise, Out., October lit, 190*.
"I (nffered tortures for wren loaf
Car* from   ■ Water Tumor.    I mc-
rced to take morphia constantly t*>
relieve the awful pains, and I wanted te
"Fniit-«-tives" and this wonderful froit
metdicise has completely cured ma.
When I appeared on the street again
■y friends exclaimed "Tha dead hat
eome to life.' The cure was a poesitir*
miracle." MRS. JAMES PsWWICK.
50c a box—6 tot $1.50—or trial box,
15c. At deale-rs ear from Pratt a Una
limited, Ottawa,
come from the resident simians, fell oft
a wall and died eef concussion of tlie
brain. To guard against any possible
chance of an Adarnlesa Eden, another
pair was brought across the straits.
THE APES OF GIBRALTAR
AN ELEPHANT  LABYRINTH
NEAR Ayuthia, fornierlj the capital
of Kiam, is a curious labyrinth ir
which elephants are captured
alive. The labyrinth is formed by a
I double row of immense tree trunks set
j firmly in the ground, the. space between
1 them gradually narrowing, Where it
j begins nt the edge of the forest the
j opening of the labyrinth is more than-
mile  broad,   but    as   it   upproachee
Proper Lubrication
For Traction  Engines, Wagons, Etc.
Mica Axle Grease
makes the wheel
as nearly fric-
tionless as possible and reduces
the wear on axle
and box. It ends
axle trou bles,
saves energy in
thc horse, and when used on axles of traction engines economizes fuel and power.
Granite Harvester Oil
'   l"ivr   ent 'ilbeccr ill   -io-lit o>-   "''" cost  'ri""  ;w'iv''  to  feiurtee ii  mil    them, they an* .'illoweel to breathe into   "lH's   to   lie   seen   there   in   the   recent
•ent for thp spinach   bnt'tbat 's got iii\    !i""  ll"lll"'s-    lf appears to  be decided   their lungs and nostrils, take into their I years.     Fur   some   reason   or   other  the
i-i!   and   I   eecn 't  even  find  11   recips
■ book.     How   do   vou   cook   the   blamed
st!l(T? "
It  wasn't exactly telephone busincsi
but he
den   the
g
and   the   recipient   ol   the   praise
isn t saving much
It appears to  be decided   their lungs and nostrils, take into their
that nickel steel will wholly enter into  mouths and stomachs and entire saliv-1 never  large  number has  been  decreas-
the construction of the bridge, an 1 the   arv    ami   digestive   Tract,   and    from '"ge   Some think that the tiring of the
statement is made that, in spite of the   thence   into   the   blood   new   roinf,m.(. j fortress   guns   drove   them   oil';   but   if
fact that Canada produces a very large   ments   of  the   parasiti einy  already s0, where did tney go'?    Not across the
nnVVh»*fllrnot^"n«""ont"in'lil'nT'   P^'centage nf the  nickel  in  the'world,   working  upon   and   seeking  to   destroy "ueutrnl  ground"  and   up  into  Spain,
■re  is some  woman  who  is'ex    a11 tlle material for the erection of the'them.    That virulent colt  disease, dis- tho only alternative tc swimming across
•c.HinB the  virtues  of her husband  as  bridSe  "'"  llilvc t('  '"' secured  in the  tomper, or strangles, lodges u  germ  in the   straits   and   going   into   Barluiry.
'   ''" - •    I ITuited States for the reason that ther.'; a    lender   and    susceptible   youngster, whence their ancestors may have been
in- no mills here of sufficient magnitude e and before noticed it, has developed and brought centuries ago.    The straits be
in  prepare the material  for the super-  contaminated   another,  and   ihe   owner iug wide, that alternative is out of the
I structure. concludes as both   have  it anyway  one question.    II  was thought  recently that
SWINE IOR BREEDING A edose calculation goes to show that   Inex  stall  will  be euottgh  for the  two, the apes hud dwindled down to eight iu
MICA
SERIAL OIL COMPANY
insures better work from the new machine
and lengthens the life of the old. Where-
ever hearings are loose or boies worn it
takes up thc play and sets like a cushion.
Changes of weather do not affect it.
Standard G^s Engine Oil
is the only oil you need. It provides perfect lubrication under high temperature! without appreciable carbon deposits on rings or
cylinders, and is equally good lor the external bearings.
Capitol Cylinder Oil
delivers more power, and makes the engine
run better and longer with less wear and tear,
because its friction-reducing properties arc
exactly fitted to the requirements of steam
traction engines and steam  plants.
Erery dealer ererywhere.     If not at youn, wri:r for descriptire circular, to
The   Imperial   Oil   Company,    Limited
Plows,
Harrows, Drills,
Gasolene
and
Kerosene
Engines
Steam Traclion
Engines
and
Steam Plants
T
il ERE ure ninny buyers looki
Hie bridge will weigh  no less than 75,*   and they are pushed in and kept there
k,nK '"'" Dim tons, or 150,1)00.000 pounds.    If this  poisoning  and   destroying  one  another
show yard winners and the young, stei.,  rws in ;l,. ,,„, ,,„,, „,- six ,.,,„ts .,„ '
l'.!'.''!'.'.'''!. ""!..'.?..,'!'. ,.".S .'!!'..\ lit ] l""""1- tbe cost  price would  be no less. ——	
will   oftnn   li impelled  l'i   pay
thau *!),!)(ii).(Mu feer the superstructure
money for a_ show winner, than an equal-1 nlonei'bul  there are experts iu Mont _»•«• ,w"***,*, **">■ ™"rTT, Kr'l'
iv good  allium   would cost him  il   pur-        ,  .    ,  ...........   ...,„,  |'i;„..,,  .,,...  «.„ {telleved By Murine   Lye  Remedy.     Trr
'i        i  :..   i,;„ ,.  „„„.i   .„„,iiii..„     <5 ,„ce-        ' uuuwa  who  nciiew  tn.it. uu* Murine   Kor   Tour   Eye   Troubles.      You
,-liased  iu   his normal condition.    Show   metn] in p„siti„„ will cost  neater seven Wilt   Uke   Murine.    It   Soothes.    60c   At
yard  honors  have  value, but  there are   anj,  a   jin||-  eents  per  liouud   thun   the Tour Drumlata.     Write For Eye Booka.
1 ' F*r«ae       Mterln " .        , .
' }'winners that never provei valuable i 6gme iusV    ive||     ,f thijl tl|n|S ,„,, u
breeders when put to the test in a herd., be tlip eaK< t||P e   t pH(,(, for th(, sup(Jr.
It is seleloin prolitable to invest n large  str,1(.tllre ,vin be #11,250,000 instead of
ri.in.iint   ol    i i.'.v        high    l"''ci'd|t;ei, uiilliocis. Iiriiigine; up the total cost
I"' I**?8 1"li"' •"■*'' ll"'n' ?™ ;'. "i""'"*''! „f the bridge to thirteen million dollars.
of choice sows to mate with  him. It is said ills,, that the designs have
The character ol the herd will depend   airenf1v C0S| -icjnii.mici. and that the sum
ch and
erv animal selected for br
ises.    The boar should be an excellent
.dividual ideal in form, size, markings
FrcM.    Murine Rye Remedy Co., Toronto.
MrSTRESS   (to   maid):   "I   understand that  vou had company yesterday,  Mary.    Wbo was it?""
Mary: '•Only my Aunt Xcllie. mum."
Mistress:   "Well,   when  you   sec   her
nguln,'Mary,  kindly  tell  lier  that she
left   her tobacco pouch and matches oc-
the piano,''
HE DID
number and there were those who as
sorted that the count should be only
four or live and all females nt that.
New blood from Africa seemed to be
needed, and n pair of Barbary apes
were   sent   over   from   Tetuan   ley   the
British , sul.    But ti strange stroke of
ill bid; l.efel the male, which, after suf. j Then thoughtfully he eyed the mi
t'eiing  the  tortures  of sitnsickness and   And, with  u   silent  shoulder shrug
| receiving anythtug but  n  friendly wel-       lie  straightway  beat   it.
.Said the lady:  "Here's a rug to beat;
Also, sonie pumpkin pic to eat
When you complete it."
The hobo cast a greedy eve
I'pun thai   wholesome  home-made  pie-.
And longed to eat il ;
ice sows to mate with  him
character of the herd wil
ly  upon  the quality of enen una   0(* ., (lll:,,.,,,,. „,- ., mj]ij0„ will have been
'"'" '""expended by the time the structure wi
have  been   placed  in   the  hands of th
contractors.
and   possess   finish   and   quality.       He      A  distinguishing feature uf the  new,
should bo able to look you square in the  desIg„  ig  ,,,.,,   ,.„,,.,,  is  lmt   „  ,.„„,,,,
eye   and    have   0    kind   and    intelligent ; „|(,mll,,,.  |n   it       ,,   j8  .,],   stmigl,(   lj110s.
face, eye and hea.l.    A tine, silky coat, j ,. ,,|nv ,i(, s..ie„tili,., but it will, if ever
smooth sieles. ami be free from wrinkle
built,
the   ugliest   bridge   of   large
Id* should have a strung, broad and well , u;.no,,sjona .,et constructed.' The bridge
arched back; shoulders wide, deep and is ,„ ,.„llsi;, „(- ,u.„ eo„tiauous main
broad on top, compact, smooth and well :ruel.s ,„ ,,„, F(irth Bridge the ecu-
down   on   arm;   loins   lull  and   smooth;   *.,.„, spnng rest nt eneh end on t)ie callti.
chest large and roomy; iiiiiip long, broael j |evers     h| ,,„ „. qmhec Briuga ,il0
and well rounded, and tail well sot up, centrnl girders will be integral with the
tapering and muled; ribs well sprung;,..,,„i),,vt,,.s. (iow expansion and con
from the back, and chest roomy and traetion wj]] |,0 provided for we do not
large:   hams  long, deep  nnd   thick   and   |(T10Wi     '[*|10   trussing   is   verv   peculiar.
well rounded from ] its down to the K |s not triangular   in   the   ordinary
hocks,  sides  long,  straight,   deep   l sense of the term as applied to girders.
free from wrinkles and Hanks well Bet Tha , ,,n|] i,otton) booms are united
clown; legs short, set at each comer and! hv ., s(?|.i(,s „f A ,s. insi(-](, e.,(.tl „f wlii,-li
standing erect, front legs should stand is pi„,,p(| another of about half the
straight and be muscled down on nrms; Uei ht inverted.   Straight vertical liars
hind legs strong and hocks well set, and ■ .n.t,   mcorporal
feet tough and
of  th,
School of Mining
A COLLEGE OF APPLIED SCIENCE
Affiliated  to  Queen's  University.
KINGSTON,   ONT.
r*r Ca.l«n<Ur of th* nrhttoi a,od farthar
mntmrrmmuUm. »pyi j to th« Mmmrmtmrf, Bntnol
•t   mUmlvr    KMnstiUm    Oul
Mining and  Metallurgy
Chemistry and   Mineralogy
Mineralogy and Geology
Chemical   Engineering
Civil   Engineering
Mechanical   Engineering
Electrical   Engineering
Biology and   Public  Health
■Power   Development
FOR  THAT NEW HOUSE
Sackett Plaster Board
The Empire Brands of Wall Plaster
MAM'FAlTrttKIl ONLY HY
The Manitoba Gypsum Co., Limited
WINNIPEG, MAN.
The arrangement i
short and tiriu pastern; feet tough nnd f|1|it(, original, and in no way resemble!
or,.,-!   t.ees.    Added  to all  of  these ro- ejti,er the first bridge or that over the!
qtiiremeuts he should come from n line v-ori]l     Qne   important   difference  be |
of ancestry  possessing the same quail ,„.,,,,„ (]„, (jesjgn ,,.,,] that of the Forth
li''s- Bridge is that the central members of
In  selecting s.ew-  for the  foundation j the   cantilevers   of  this   last,   each   rest
herd  il   will  be best tee buy them from i on two piers, the distance between these
one herd that  has beon established for varying  with  the  situation,  the  mini-I
many  yenrs,  until  the  animals  bear  a mum being 11.1 feet and the maximum
striking uniformity  to each  other, and 260 feet.    In this wuy, it   will  be seen,
the blood lines have become thoroughly great stability is secured.    In the Que-;
established.    This enables him  to take bee   design    -1,   double   cantilever   isj
up the  work   where the  i i  who  bred balanced on a  pivot  on top of a single
thcni let off and  continue the  work  of pier,    This is the reason why the Forth
improvement, instead of buying a mis* Bridge possesses such remarkable rigid-
cellaneously  bred   bunch   of  sows  thai ity.     Furthermore,  the   height   of  the:
possess   no   fixed   type,     'the   sows   had towers—thai is to say, the depth of the '
best  be selected   from  some established girder, is limited tn 291) feet, as against
herd lev \isitieeg the breeder and select :',:•() feet for lh,*  Forth  Bridge and Ilia,
ing  them   in   their  normal    e.en.lition. feet for tho bridge which fell down,   li
They should  resemble Uo*  hoar inc.I  be has also been |n.iiile*.l out  that the elis
bred  along  similnr  lines.    Tlie  special tance  between  tin*  girders—that  is to
points  lo  1„-  observed   in   selecting  the say. the  width   of the  bridge where  it
sows are size, quality  1 finish. rests nn  the  pier-',  will  be  SS  feet,  or
(biod. strong backs are of supremo im- ono-tweutielli of il"' span; that id' the
....nance.     Weal;  backs shoul.1  lie shun old  bridgo was only 117  feet, while' that
no.I.    'flu' sow's face should lee sin.cuth of the Forth Bridge is aboul  120 led.
-,|0|    lirntld    between    tl VC'S,   flllll    gl'lld-  '	
milly lapei  toward Ihe end of her nose,     t    r|,i:vi:i; littlo bit of bin i nnt.urc
Sue   should   have    straight    side    lines.   /\     „..ls   „SI.,|   by   u   "knight   of   ihe
m th shoulders, ami possess symmetry road"  recently  on  a matron  li,-
■cud  -iih'.  lone a   kind  disposition  and   iug in a suburb of Pittsburg, nnd ns a
be au easy f ler and prolific. result he slept with a full stomuch that !
it   i- a  mistake  lee order  foundation   night.
stock hv iniiil nnd order a few sows and       The suburb is quite small, and when
a boor'not akin.   The eh es are that   lln'   tramp  dropped   off  a   freight   and
ritrlil "t the verv beginning vou will ambled up the main street he was quite
introduce n violent outcross nnd spoil hungry. There were about ten houses
tin* result- ,,f venrs of systematic seloc which gave fair chnnee of meals, and
tion and nutting to hold and keep ill ""' tramp lost no time, lie was not
routrol   u   fixed   typo   and   prepotency, i surprised when the first housewife slam*
Fixed  characteristics  cannot   be  estn'b    mod  Hie <> ' in his face, nor the sdc-
lishi'd and perpetuated lev bringing to-   ond, for thai  was natural and the pro-
..-etlier unrelated  families of the breed,   t'er thing t.e do.    But when he ri [led
the   ninth   house,  or  rather  was  helped
■ " iway,   he   was   thoroughly   disgusted.
The town certainly had  him  hoodooed.
After a short rest and a deep think
BRLT1SI1 exploring party, sen, .cut   the hungry cue knocked al  the door of
the Ornithologists'  Union  to   the tenth house.
explore the1 mountain regions in      "Madam, can veeu let a hungry man
'Dutch   New Guinea, has discovered, in-j have n bite lee cat;'    I  don't  think you
ste*u*i of leiids. a  new tribe of human  can,   though."   he  said.    Tho   womnn
'. pygmies.       These  curious  little   folks,   opened her ears.
known   to   the   anthropologist   as   ne-      "Why   aie't I?"
grit.os, appear to  be  more widely scat-       "The woman next door said vine did
I tere'cl over the earth's surface than was   n't   havo  enough   for  yourself."
nt firsl supposed.    They are now known       He got his meal.
to  exist   in   the   Andaman   islamis,   the       A   Hungarian   woman   is   petitioning
Malay   Peninsula,   and   the   Philippines, j for a divorce because  her husband  in-
The  new   New  Guinea  tribes are re -! si si s   ecu   displaying   in   the   house   the
; ported  as about   four feet   three  inches   portraits eif her  three  predecessors.
in   heigh,,   perfectly   formed—that   is, i 	
not deformed dwarfs, but simply mini;,-j Germany lias taken to the manufacture   human   beings—with   frizzly   for,   tore of artificial teeth out of old paper.
THE BUCK-EYE
VOL.
WEEKLY EDITION
NO, 37
To Follow the Fashion Smoke
BUCK-EYES
SOME NEW PYGMIES
A
to be nltrasi'it'ntifif. ulotrichous)  hnir,
j in " pppprr corn tufts," :iinl tho typical
I   stove-blacking skin  nf tlie  whole  pyg*
Thev are said to retain their color well,
and nre less likely to chip than ordinary false teeth.
line 's a toast to fashion
And iier furbelows!
Changing hats and turbans
Changing shoes and hose.
Changing straight-front, corsets
Fnr the ot ner kind,
Taking curves from of. the front
Putting them behind.
Throwing Psyche knots off,
Calling out for rats
Moulding roly-polys
Into merely slat?,
Moving waist  lines upward,
Shifting waist lines down!
Vesterday your dictum
Was the Empire gown.
Now you are uncertain;
Probably next week
You'll prescribe a garment.
Which is purely Greek.
Fashion, you're a wonder.
Changing walk and pose
A nd a very juggler
When it  comes to clothes.
*1lere is to you. Fashion,
ln a baiting rhyme;
For in smoking it's the fashion
To use BUCK-EYES all the time.
Fashion   never   changes   when   it   comes   to   the
BUCK-EYE.    BUCK-EYES are always in fashion
46 THE HOSMER TIMES
NEW PACIFIC COAST
STEAMSHIPS
THK new steamships of the Grand
Trunk Pacific Hallway, which have
been put iu commission for the*1
coast service bet>veeu Puget Sound and
Prince Rupert offer the rest huuter and
sight-seeker a trip of two thousand
miles through some of the most wonderful scenery to he found on the continent.
The handsome buildings, rising tier
upon tier on the splendid terraced
streets of busy, hustling Seattle;
The quaint, Unique charms of Victoria, the beautiful capital of British
Columbia, mixed with its rapidly growing business consequence;
The substantial new city of Vancouver, throbbing with busy enterprise,
forging ahead as one of the chief ports
and cities of tlie Pacific Coast;
The latest of al) cities. Prince Rupert,
the terminus on the Pacific Ocean of the
Grand Trunk Pacific Transcontinental
line, situated on a harbor with perhaps
not an equal in the world for beauty
and practical use;
But above all iu its appeal to the
rest-hunter and sight-seeker the trip of
two thousand miles on the palatial
steamships '' Prince Rupert'' and
"Prince George"—by far the finest in
the .North Pacific Coast service—aud
on the company's steamers operating
between Prince Rupert ami Portland
Canal and Queen Charlotte Islands.
Norwegian fjords are justly famous,
but the liritish Columbia coast embraces
in its canals aud inlets, mountain girt,
all the Norwegian attractions and more.
Along the route of tin- Grand Trunk
Pacific Steamships, the sheltered waters
. of the Pacific Ocean are traversed for
over six hundred ami fifty of the seven
hundred miles from Seattle to Prince
Rupert, via Victoria and  Vancouver,
Beautiful mountain ranges, many
snow-capped, extend the entire distance,
sometimes viewed on yither sode of com
paratively wide stretches of water, but
for the most part rising abruptly from
the canal like or island-studded course
of tlie steamships.
While combining all the most lux
urious features of steamship travel, Ihe
*'Prince Rupert" and "Prince George"
besides having all modern appliauces Include a reliable wireless system contributing to safety; the construction of
the ships, with double bottoms and
water-tight bulkheads render these vessels unsinkable iu case of. the remote
possibility of accident; the only boats
regularly in the northern trade from
Seattle with these features.
The "Prince Rupert" aud "Prince
George" have twin screws driven by
engines of double low-pressure cylinders, triple-expansion type, with the
Yarrow-Sc hi ick-Tweedy counterbalancing system, making the ship entirely
free of vibration.
These steamships have a normal speed
ot eighteen to nineteen knots per hour
(twenty to twenty-two statute miles)
ensuring the maintenance of schedule.
Fully equipped with wireless apparatus is in constant communication with
shore and ensures reliability under all
conditions; an auxiliary power of batteries, distinct from the dynamo, providing against failures.
The shade deck has covered promenades making complete circuit of the
ship, besides roomy sitting-out area fore
and aft. lu addition there is promenading and lounging space ou the shelter
and boat deck.
In the northern trade observation
parlors and smoking rooms afford the
most luxurious and comfortable way for
viewing the scenery under all weather
conditions. The observation parlor forward of the cabin is finished iu sycamore, natural color, the room being entirely enclosed with large plate glass
windows affording excellent means for
viewing in comfort the marvellous scenery of the North Pacific coast, Oa the
shade deck aft of the cabin is a smoke
room and buffet finished iu fumed white
oak, with large plate glass windows to
permit unobstructed observation.
The cabins are in white enamel with
gold tracery and are luxuriously furnished. Aft, on the shelter deck, is a
beutiful ladies' room, decorated handsomely, art glass skylight, grand piano
to correspoad with the furniture and
. everything necessary for comfort.
The staterooms on tlie '• Prince Rupert7' and "Prince George" are all outside rooms, unusually large, finished ia
"white enamel and mahogany, the berths
being fitted with woven wire and hair
mattresses and the finest quality of linen, rugs, etc. Each berth has an electric reading lamp independent of the
other room lights; running hot and cold
water in every stateroom, doing away
with the objectionable type of lavatory
arrangements in use on other ships.
Each ship has several parlor staterooms fitted with brass beds, dressing
tables, etc., with bath adjoining, for
which a moderate charge is made in addition to ordinary rates of passage.
The dining room is ou the main deck
aft, very handsomely furnished in mahogany and white enamel and gold,
thoroughly ventilated and brilliantly
lighted. One hundred and tweaty people are seated at one time, the tables
being of various sizes and arranged in
the centre and iu alcoves around the
room. The galley and serving rooms
are arranged in the most up-to-date
manner.
Refrigeration and iee machines are
features marking a distinct departure
in the northern trade.
A barber shop and all the features usually found in first-class hotels will be
maintained on these boats as well as
news and souvenir stands. Baths of hot
and'cold, fresh and salt water are provided free of charge.
lived to tell what sort oi a jar caused
the explosion.
In such a ease little is ever found except the great hole in the ground which
the explosion has dug, with possibly a
wheel of the wagon a quarter of a mile
away in one direction and another in
the opposite direction.
The "shooter" generally takes from
eighty to two hundred and forty quarts
of nitroglycerine ia his wagon. The
smaller amount is quite enough, if it
should explode, to leave no truce of the
driver of tlie vehicle.
When the "shooter" reaches the well
which is to be treated, long torpedo
tubes are placed within the casing of
the well, and the nitroglycerine is poured carefully into them. 'Ihe well may be
fifteen hundred feet deep and is seldom
less than a thousand. Wheu one of the
tubes is filled, it is lowered with the utmost care to the bottom of the well.
This operation i.-e repeated until the
"shooter" is satisfied that the load is
heavy enough to accomplish the purpose,
When all is ready a bar of iron, known
as a "go devil,'' is dropped into the
well. The instant it leaves his hand the
'' shooter'' takes to his heels, seeking
a place of safety.
Suddenly the earth trembles; there is
a crash, followed by a snap; a muffled
sound arises and becomes louder and
louder, until a column of oil and water
shoots from seventy-five t<> one hundred
feet into the air. The country for hundreds of feet around is filled with clouds
of spray floating to windward. When
this subsides the wel] is in operation,
and the "shooter" receives his fee and
drives away.
WHEN WALT. MASON WAS A BOY
IN ONTARIO COUNTY
STARTING UP THE OIL-WELL
IN certain of the petroleum producing
districts it becomes necessary,
sometimes in opening an oil-weil,
when the well has become clogged
or apparently exhausted, to begin
or renew the flow by exploding nitroglycerine at the bottom of the well.
This explosive is employed because it
is exploded readily by the dropping of
a weight upon it. A man who carries
nitroglycerine from well to well for this
purpose is known in the oil regions as a
"shooter. "
The shooter has a wagon in which to
carry his explosive. A square box under 'the seat is carefully padded, and
when it has been solidly filled with cans
of nitroglycerine, which is a molasses-
like fluid, lie fastens down the cover and
drives slowly away to the well that he
is to "shoot." Usually he makes the
trip very early ia the morning, to avoid
the customary travel and so diminish
the chance of danger.
Por the most part the roads are bad,
and the wagon jolts along in a way to
make any one but an old "shooter"
decidedly nervous. If it is dark there
is great danger that a wheel may drop
into a hole with force enough to detonate the explosive. Several wagons,
bearing ((shooters'' and their loads,
nave been blown up, but no one ever
rilllK hamlet where I "grew up" was
J_ about two and a half miles from
Brooklin, which, if my memory is
on the job, is about five miles from
Whitby, Ontario. There was a new
railway from Whitby to Port Perry, and
Brooklin leaned against the right of
way. In tin- early days of that road
there was a train about once a week.
It was hauled by an apoplectic locomotive with a funnel like the crater of
a volcano. In those times a locomotive
was considered a poor excuse if its
smokestack wasn't as large as au ordinary barn. They used to feed that locomotive with conl wood, and when the
supply of wood ran out, the time-table
was suspended until the conductor and
brakeman had cut down a tree and
whacked it into four-foot lengths.
Hiding ou that railway was considered an extra hazardous business, ami if
a man was seen boarding it, his insurance policies were cancelled. I rode on
it to Port Perry oue time. The regular
passenger coach had been left at Whitby, where it was being loaded with fish,
and the passengers had to ride on a fiat
car. There was a place culled "the
deep cut," a few miles north of Brooklin, and when the train got that far it
was found that a lot of cattle were ou
the track. The conductor and brake-
man got off the train to drive them
away, and then the owner of the cows
loomed Up and claimed that they had a
perfect right to stay in that cut if they
wanted to, and if the railway henchmen
made a pass at them he'd go to the law.
Sn the case was carried to the lower
courts, and the passengers grew old and
feeble waiting for the train to start,
aad the cows laid down on the track nnd
died of old age. and finally the great
grandson of the conductor took charge
and ran the train to Port Perry. When
I left Brookllu 1 was a child iu pinafores, aud when J. got to Port Perry I
had to go to a barber for a shave, and
he charged me for a hair-cut.
The railway facilities being ,thus inadequate, most people did their traveling on foot, unless they could afford
horses and buggies. Jn my native hamlet there was a venerable steed that was
rented out to the plain people at reasonable rates. It was the property of [Jon.
Bill Hallett, who is still living iu that
neighborhood, and who points with
pride to the record of that steed whenever he has a few minutes to spare. It
was the only horse of its kind in Canada theu, ami there is no reason to believe that another one like it has ever
grown up since. It was called Captain,
which was not doing it full justice; it
should have been colonel, at least. Captain was composed largely of bones, and
those bones were covered with a corrugated hide of a chestnut color. He
hadn't enough hair on his tail to make
a decent set of chin whiskers, and his
neck was shaped like a corkscrew, and
he had a head like a shark. He was,
without exception, the homeliest nag
that ever grew beside a human door, and
the man who was driving him attracted
more attention than a circus parade.
Captain was so thin and crooked that
his harness wouldn't stay where you
wanted it. The backhand would slide
half way up his neck, and the breeching
would get wound around his legs, and
the first thing you knew he'd have one
of his hind legs through the crupper.
It was really a trying thing to drive
him. I have seen strong men fuss with
him for half an hour, and then tear out
their hair by the handful, aad weep like
children.
But the truly wonderful thing about
Captain was his weakness for running
away. If you saw him unharnessed,
leaning against a fence with his head
resting on one of the posts, you would
say that he was going to die within five
minutes, aud you'd wish him many happy returns of the day. But when you
hitched him up. he hoisted his old three-
cornered head about eighteen feet high,
ami took the bit iu his teeth, and started off as though going to his uncle's
wedding. 1 have always been a crank
on horse-, and have owned scores of
them, good, bad and .Indifferent, ami
never have I seen such an indomitable
nag as Captain was. Pod on bran aud
old shoes and dyestuff, thin as tbe
shadow nf a pane of glass, covered with
blemishes and sears, and anywhere from
twenty to a hundred years old, he had
the fire of a young racehorse. When he
started oil' he couldn't go fast, his legs
were so stiff. You could hear his old
joints creaking like a rusty windmill,
and his ribs sounded like a keg of horseshoes, and one of his legs was string-
halted, and he would hit his ear with
his foot at every step. As he warmed
up he kept going faster ami faster, and
tho mun who was personally conducting
the excursion had to brace his feet
against the dashboard and repeat the
prayers for the dying, and hang on.
The horse usually returned from each
trip with tho front wheels of the buggy
behind him, and the rest missing. A
couple of days later the man who had
rented the outfit would come walking
in, currying the hind wheels and the
buggy-box. and saying things that had
to be soaked in brine before they were
fit for family use. The owner spent ail
his eveuings aud other spare time in
fastening the- buggy together again, and
when it was fit for use there was always
some debonair, reckless spirit ready to
rent it again.
Hon. Bob Morrison was my boss in
thc woolen mill, and a blithe ami genial
soul was lie. ] had a chance to do him
a good tuin one day, and he said he
would reward me by taking me for a
buggy-ride all the way to the lakeshor".
on the next Saturday afternoon. I looked forward to that Saturday afternoon
as a bridegroom to iiis wedding. When
the fateful time came, the wheels of Mr.
Hallett 's buggy wen* duly anointed
with with grease, ami old Captain was
hitched up, and we started for Oshawa
and the lakeshore as cheerily as they
who go down to the sea in ships. We
made a great hit going through Columbus, which was on our way. Captain
was just getting warmed up to his work,
and he zigzagged along the main street
so that the buggy seemed to hit both
sides at. once. A good many farmers'
buggies were standing there, and we
ripped off half a dozen wheels by way
of diversion, and the fanners shouted
blessings after.us as we went our joyous
way, beguiling the dull moments with
laughter and song.
As we approached Oshawa we were
going about a mile** a minute, ami 1 he *
buggy was running on one wheel most
of th'e time, and Bob concluded that it
was time, to call a halt. He braced his
feet against the dashboard, and got a
good grip on the lines, and cried, " Yo
ho, lads! " after the manner of able seamen, and gave a mighty heave. Then
his feet went through 'the dashboard,
and he slid down to the bottom of the
buggy, and let go the lines, and just sat
there practicing the war cry nf the Sem*
i noles, au'I in this shape we went
through Oshawa. ami the oldesl inhabi
tants still stand around the street cor
udrs and talk of the meteor that went
through the town 'way back in 77. A
fti\v minutes Inter we reached the lake
and f;ipt;iiij went right into it. A small
thing like a puddle of water wasn't going to prevent him from reaching ti.'O
green fields of Ole Virginny. When he
got out of his depth he got so tangled
in the harness that he got discouraged,
ami turned around and got us back
ashore. AVe turned him loose there and
carried the buggy home on our shoulders, and Bid) lured a team of saw-horses
next   time   he   went   driving.
1 had two older brothers who fell into
a trance the following winter and hired
Captain to drive to Oshawa. There wns
a lot of real snow on tlie ground, ami
Mr. Hallett had rigged up a sleigh for
emergencies. The runners were nnnie
of planlis. aud a wagon-box was placed
on them. It was heavy enough to break
the hearts of a team of elephants, but
Captain didn't care a continental what
was tied to him. He'd just as soon haul
a roundhouse as a baby carriage. My
intrepid brothers received many warn
iugs before starting out. They were
reminded that every man who had ever
driven Captain had spent his remaining years in the sackcloth department.
Moreover, the horse hadn't been doing
anything for a couple of weeks, and had
mean to you nothing more expensive
than a cake of SOflp or a box of talcum
powder!
Of course there are exceptions to
every rule. There are some of us wlio
have come into this world handicapped
by a deformity or some inherited mai
adv. The pity of it! They are tiie
ones to whom belong the "might have
beens!" Vou men and women who hnve
not this stumbling block in your pui
suit of health, keep silent about your
ailments and get to work to improve
them.
Don't stand still admiring the healthy
creatures about you ami wondering
why you're not as tkej are. Lind. to
the other side—to the place where the
unfortunates lie prostrate without hope
—and thank vour fate that vuu, at
least, have the elements of HEALTH.
Back to the Old Time
CURIOSITIES OF CUTLERY
CONSIDERABLE improvement lias
been made in the manufacture of
knives since the days when it was
the ambition of every American boy to
possess a " two-bladed knife.' Nowadays the humblest small boy's jack-
knife has at least two blades and many
boys have knives with three—a big
blade at one end with a small one for
fine whittling beside it and a nail blade
at the other end.
.Now aud then one sees some curious
objects of manufacture—knives with a
great number of blades, file*-., cork-
screws, scissors, forks, pincers, and so
on. Sheffield, Kngland. is th" great
source of these curiosities in cutlery. A
knife known as the "Norfolk Knife,"
made at Sheffield and containing ninety-
five blades and Instruments, no two
alike, has long heen shown at various
expositions. This knife cost nine hull
dred pounds sterling. Ou its la rye
mot her of pearl handles are curved representations of a bear hunt and a stag
hunt. The blades are all etched with
pictures.
■ This was long known as the greatest
wonder of its kind, but it has now been
altogether surpassed. A giant knife,
mude by the greatest of Sheffield firms,
contains as many blades a-- there are
vears in the Christian era and no two
blades are alike.
Besides his regal appellation our king
has. ot course, many lesser titles; but
even these are not nearly so numerous
as in tlie case of most foreign pouutriew.
The full list of these dignitaiies i-:
Duke of Cornwall (in the Peerage or'
Kngland, creation 1337), Duke of Rot he
say, Duke of Saxony, Prince of ■ oburg
am! Cotha (the dukedom he resigned in
IS.;;,,),  Prince of Saxe-i oburg Saalfield.   —.„„
Eari   of  Carrick,   Baron    ol    Renfrew " T*        -'n':it  l'l:i1"- ly"1-'  between the  ed me and reported thai he had killed a
Lord   of   rhe   Isles.   Prince   ui   Wales,    X     -v"""""''    Ulver   ;""1    !*"    KockJ   couple more. secured the hide* aud
Karl of ri„-ter. Duke of Lancaster, aud ■Mountains was one the  hon    followed to lo      i ■■ cripple*..
Karl of Dublin.    All of these titles   ex-   ""' l"l^:''"-    ''   u;i" ,i" ''t:J,'r  business       Anothei id laid down in ad
cept the last two. which date from ]si;    of the Indian- to hum  them for a liven     \an.e  ot .   - -  wail   tot  them   tn
and 1849 respectively, are of 1 j stand-   uood    f""n    t'"u'    inimemorable;    and   pass and  gi  .     - ■,  -.hot.    Thev proved
ing. and, it  i- interesting !-• note   em- \whlte hunters puraued the same employ-   to be a  lot  ol  large, old  bulls*.    When
brace diguities in each uivision of tbe   ment   In""   ,,"\"'  earliebt   adveat   into] they beei
United  Kingdom.
But long as the list appears, it  i- bi
no  means  as   long as  that   of   many  or
to  l.e :,   ;,,r
uriiest   adveat   into; they become
that region until the buffalo disappcai     very large ai -.    ■. n i. I [y. aad are fought
After  the   Union   Pacific   Bail road
was    Im i It—about     ISOS—hundreds    ot
(Unary  peer  of  the   realm,  the   Duke  of: L'jo/esional buffalo hunter- in Southwest
Argvil,
»oei   <u    uie   ien nn.   i ne   loiKe   OI I V.   , . ... i ..■*,-,
for   one,    easilv    outpassiug    lT 1 -N,'bniska.  \\ estern  Kan-a- and  Ka-tern
with twenty-seven separate titles. Colorado  regularly and  profitably  pur
When   oae   turn.-  td  other  monarchs| suef the occupation for meat and hides,
,o  long as  the   buffaloes  existed   there.
the  list  appears  very  trivial, the Get
man    Kiln
the   luxury   of   seventv-ih e   subordtu
Kmoeior.   tor   instance,   euiovinff Iand,  '"   a   la/ge  measure   -applied   the
..... .. i. .:..i:.." I larder
l ill-        IU.-.UI I "1        r*i- t 1-111 *. ■ II » r       OUUU1UIU ' ■ '
ate titles, tbe King of Spain forty-two,        -lera   '"   thos€   t'rasshopper   stricken
the  Emperor of  Austria  sixty-one, the   re6ltms'
Sultan of Tukrey eighty-two. It may interest tie- hunters of today,
The Sultan of Turkey's various styles   ami perhaps other- t-i learn th.- actual
are somewhat  amusing to the Western   conditions and incidents which  arred
in the buffalo country during the period
mentioned. The writei -aiways fund
of hunting—wa- an eye-witness then
several months. About February, 1-7."..
a hunter named Womsle* and* mysell
weni oul from ile* camp u*l id- i Igallala
Indians mi Chief . 'reek, :, tributary ot
the Republican on the north Bide, near
the    state    liue    between    Nehia-Ica    and
Kansas,   to   hum   f0r   Buffalo.     Por   a
team we had a pair ol old pin- buck
skin Texas ponies, much the worse for
service, and a light, two horse lumbci
wagon, We had a fair ramp outfit
tent, stove, buffalo ml,,--, blankets, grub
ami corn for the horses. •■ Uuffulc
i-liip-" were our chief I uel. 1 ua- a
young man. uml a "tenderfoot" iu a
buffalo vocabulary; wa- out tor pleasure
and not for profit il the business.
Wonish-y  wa- a  regular buffalo hunter.
SOME PECULIAR PAVEMENTS
TOMBSTONES are not infrequently
employed in different parts of
England foi paving purposes.
Soiue four nr five years ago the inhabitants of Bel voir bitterly prole-i..
against the use of such material in ihe
construction of a road leading to tho
paiish church, despite the assurances
of the local authorities that with tlie
liberal supply of old and broken gravestones at their disposal the plan had
been adopted with a view to saving- the
taxpayers ipiitc a sum.
In Lyons, France, the celebrated Hue
de la Republiqite is paved with glass
blocks eight inches square, which have
been so precisely fitted together as to
make them absolutely water-tight. Com-
niiij i. He is, of course. Sul-Tun and
Kha Khan (High Prince and Lord of
Lords) to start with, then h" claims
sovereignty over most of districts, towns.
cities, and states in the East, specifying
each    bv    name,   and   setting   out    with
great elaboration in each of hi- various
titles "all the fori-, citadel.-, purlieus,
and neighborhood thereof," in regular
legal form and finally his official de
signatlon ends. "Sovereign ulso of
divers "ther nations, tutes, peoples.
and races on th.- face **t th ■ earth."
Ail tin-, of course, in addition l" '•,'•-
high position as ■ ■ ilead of the Faith
ful" an.l "Supreme Lord id" all the
Followers o'f the Prophet." " Direel
and Only Lieutenant on Earth of Ma
hornet.
The   Emperor  of  Austria,  the   Pope,
the Sultan of Turkey, the King of Spain
ind tin1 King of Portugal ave ail "King j a   gunsmith   by    trade,   and    ••Out    foi
.P        T„    ..I       ■' 'PI ...       I."   :        ..»■       V  lite    .._      '■ \ I..'  ._. I       ...     ..... I
f Jerusalem." The King- of Norway
and Denmark' are both "Kings or' the
Goths and Venus"; the Emperor of
Austria and the King of Spain both
call themselves "King of Calif ia."
of
ritories, the worst offender is the young
King of Spain. He is. amongst other
things, "King of Gibraltar." Emperor
of Austria and the King of Oceania,"
••King nf the We-t Indies." acl "King
of India," the last title being also
claimed by the King of Portugal', while
of titles formerly borne by the monarchs of Britain, the King of Spain i-
also "King of Castille," "King of
Anagon." and  "King of  Navarre."
A large. m.„„i nature,!, power
tnl man physically, of 2*JU pounds
weight of bone and sinew, without am
surplus adipo-e tissue. Ile could literal
ly outwalk the horses, an.l hunted afool
erigns  who  claim   British  ter    on the side, while 1 drove the tear
EDUCATION
"IT OU   didn't    want    to   be   educated
.J.       when  you   were young, did  you.'
Vou   played   hookey  as  often   as
vou dared and went  swimming on  the
S.S. "PRINCE RUPERT" OF THE G.T.P. STEAMSHIP SERVICE, NOW P.U NNING ON THE PACIFIC COAST
been eating a rich and nourishing diet
of burlap sacks, But the skippers they
blew a whiff from their pipes, and scornful laughs laughed they.
They were indeed a gallant sight, as
they drove away, waving au revoir to
friends and relatives. Shortly aftflr
they left au awful snow storm began.
All kinds of plain and fancy snow came
down as though the plug had dropped
out. A man who was driving home
from Oshawa, facing the bitter blast,
heard heart-rending moans and cries of
despair coming from the heart of the
storm. He dismounted, and found tin
upturned sleigh in the ditch by the roadside. With the aid of a handspike he
raised it from the ground, and two
stricken youths crawled from under,
complaining that all their ribs were
broken, and their feet frozen oil". When
Captain was mentioned they began
quoting poetry. They were hauled home
and covered with poultices, ami they
finally recovered, but they never smiled
again.
And Captain? If there is a heaven
for horses, he is there, aad doubtless
making things hum.
HEALTH
YOU sit and look at your medicine
chest, your -receipted druggist's
and doctor's bills aud regretfully
weigh them up with your depleted bank
account. Then you sigh profusely aud
say: "It might have been." It's never
too late! .lust lock the medicine chest
for a little while; put away the bills
as reminders of your folly and begin
to use a little common sense.
This is not a preamble to a treatise
with ('hrist in u Science tendencies—
Mary Baker Eddy forbid! When there's
something the matter a doctor is your
best friend, but must of the time you're
not paying him for the big things in
sickness, bul for the little, petty thing-*
that nre half the time due to your lack
of horse <-etise and the other half to
an overstl inula ted imagination.
Take any animal, feed him fund he
shouldn't eat, prevent him from exercising nnd deprive him uf a proper
amount of sleep and he'll become ill—
most likely he'll tlie. Yet you'll try to
do all these things to your organism,
which is supposed lo be more delicate
than that of any animal.
Extremes ate always dangerous.
There is as much peril iu underdoing
things as there is in overdoing them.
Be moderate! Too much sleep is just
as bad as too little; too much food is
worse than too little, and too much ex
ercise is sometimes fatal.
A machine of n'ny kind has to be
tonded to and kept in Al condition to
produce good results—or, for that matter, any results at all. It has to be
cleaned, oiled and properly fed. When
it lies idle for a protracted length of
time it gets rusty and out of condition,
Your body is the greatest machine
known, yet you abuse it, overwork it
and still expect it to lie uncomplaining.
You can go along that way probably
for years, but you won't know what hit
yon.
There are three things, and onlv
three, that are essentials of the glowing health we admire in others. They
are proper food, proper sleep nud proper exercise. Keep strict tabs on these
three things and you'll forget what your
doctor looks like, while a drug store will
pressed grass, it is claimed, has been
used in the construction of pavements
in (ieiiimn towns tind with admirable
results, and in h'ussia compressed paper
has been utilized for a similar purpose.
Many interesting instances of indivi 1-
ual eccentricity or extravagance iu the
selection of material for paviug streets
and roads may be cited. It is related
that when Maximilian Emanuel succeeded to the throne of Bavaria he celebrated the event by causing one of the
roads leading to his palace to be paved
with plates of burnished copper. This,
gleaming in the sunshine, gave all the
effect of the more precious metal—gold.
We are told also that Louis XIV, paved one of the courts at Versailles with
squares of silver, each of which had recorded upon it some triumph of the
French arms. In the centre of the
court stood a large tablet of gold ia
representation of the luxurious monarch's favorite emblem, the sun. Memoirs of the time of Louis make mention
of a lodge erected to the love of his
youth, the fair Louise de la Valliere.
The approach was paved with mirrors
wherein was painted au allegory setting
forth the undying devotion of the King
to Louise.
An eccentric nobleman of Milan conceived the idea of paving the courtyard
of his palace with slabs of marble, granite, and other stone, each from a different land, it is said that Euiope, America, Asia, Africa, and Australia all
contributed materials to make up this
quaint mosaic composed of more than
one thousand pieces, every one of which
was suitably inscribed with the name
of the country or state whence it came.
Perhaps the most gruesome of all
pavements is thut at (iwaudu, in West
Africa, ia the making of which, it is
said, more than twelve thousand human
skulls were utilized, (iwaudu, oval iu
shape, is said te be girdled by a ring of
lofty poles, on tin- summit of each of
which is placed a skull. There are. too.
six gabs, led up tu ouch by a pavement
of skulis, which, by reason uf the con
stunt friction to which it has been subjected, has taki n  on  a   polish  like  Ihat
of old ivory.
TITLES OF KINGS
larch
IT is a curious fact that the i
of the grealest and most important
nation in the world has almost the
shortest ne! hast-imposing title of nnv.
Most of Ihe crowned heads of Europe
revel in the multiplicity of styles ami
dignities; but. apart from mere peer
ages, the ruler of the mightiest empire
tho world has ever seen lias to be eon
tent with the simple formula, "Edward
Yll.. by the Orace of God of the United
Kingdom of Great Britain ami Ireland
and of the British Dominions beyond
tho seas. King. Defender of the Faith.
Emperor of I ndiu.
Even in these titles the reference to
Ihe Britain- overseas wus added only
on the late king's accession, and the
style of Emperor of India was conferred
on the British'Sovereign Into in Queen
Victoria's reign. Queen Victoria was
crowned simply "of Hie United Kingdom of <; ieat Britain and Ireland,
Queen, Defendor of the Faith," though
on some of the early coinage of her
reign—the florin, for instance—she is
styled "By the Grace of God of all the
Britains Queen. Defender of the Faith"
--a fine, dignified and comprehensive
stvle.
s!y. only tf. find you had put your pants
on backward in your haste, aad it was
all off when you got home!
You didn't care whether Christopher
* olumbus wns borne iu Italy or Sweden,
and the parsing of a sentence was harder labor than sawing a cord ot  wood.
.Now're your ten or twenty years removed from school books and you say.
"If I onlv had." or "It it might have
been."
Ves, you might and you mightn't!
Education is a pretty good foundation—a pretty sure foundation—Imt it
isn't everything; aud the most important knowledge iu the world is not all
contained in the text books advised by
a fossilized Board ;>f Educationl
Lots more valuable is what you absorb from brushing up against humanity
aud by picking your way through the
mazes of "experience." No amount of
education is going to make a worthies-
man worthy—because it isn 't in him.
on the other hand, uo amount of education can possibly make a worthy man
worthless, rather will it increase his
worth.
Vou can't expect children to appreciate the value (tf a good education; you
can only relate to them your experience
and of wdiat importance a good foundation is. But when have people and
when will people profit by the experience of others.'
Most likely your parents wanted you
tn stay at ii, and after you graduated
from the grammar, had mapped out a
glorious progress through the high
school ami even college for ynu.
But if you were a boy you rebelled.
Vou wanted to go to business and help
SUpporl the family on three and a half
a week. Aud if you were a girl yon
also rebelled and expressed a wish to
stay at home and learn to be a first
class housekeeper or train for society.
And at the end of \i.iu path was a
church  wedding and a  rich husband.
Maybe you won. and the higher edit
cation that wa- to have been yours fell
by the wayside, Then why. by all the
laws of common sense, haven'I you left
it in peace where it fell, instead of raking up tho dead leaves that covered it
long ago, to tell of whal you eould have
done with Ihe assistance of a college
training, which, sad to say i here an expressive sigh and a hopeless shrug of
the shoulder is in order). was denied
vou!
So we have the endless chain. The
balking of the young generation at the
SChoolhouse door, and then iii after
years the tear of regret and the "might
have been." The only solution K at)
sorb from whnt ynu nee, -what you hear,
what vnu feel, l"-e all of your senses
and take boldly from the world at large
thought and found it best, a- I was out
to see the couutry and learn th.- busi
uess, to patronize a professional, ami
made no mistake in the estimate. I had
a new sharps Creedmore .40 calibre
title, which shot a cartridge of loo
grains of powder, v. eight sixteen
pounds; a new thing then; long range
and a hard shooter. i found it toi
heavy to carry and loaned it t.. Woms
ley. and used hi- ,50 calibre Springfield
Needle gun, a good shooter. Womsley
was proud of the Creedmore and tarried
it till he wore holes iu the shoulders of
his coat. It was thc only gun of the
kind on the range. There were plenty
of Sharp's "Big 50'S," but no other
Creedmore. It was the envy of the old
hunters. We traveled, west aud camped
the first night out on the A richuree. ail
other branch of the Republican, a beau
tiful stream of limpid water, flowing
over beds of sand, in a natural rod*.
cave in a nearby can yon, with living
water in it. 'flu- next day our rout
was still west up the Anckaree by an
old trail. During the day we occasion
ally saw recent sign- of buffalo; and
passed the spot, where in 1808, the I'. S.
Cavalry, under Colonel Forsythe and a
large body of Sioux Indians had a sav
age  light.     We  were  not   aware  of the
battle th  but learned ot it later. For-
sythe's command was surrounded  in  a
willow   patch,   on   a   narrow   sand   tint
along the creek by a horde of the Sioux
concealed in the abrupt bluffs which up
[•Touched near the stream On either side
They  were  held there -,'\eial days and
lost  many  men.    The Bhallow rifle pits
dug   by   ihe   soldiers   in   the   sand   wen
! still   visible.     Two   of   the   beleagured
j escaped   through   the   Indian   lines   at
* night aud made their way ou fool to the
nearest military post on the then new
K. P. Kuili'oud, many !Uil$S PPUthj from
whence troops were sent to Porsytho's
relief, The Indians told us all about
thf fight on our return to camp. I afterwards learned that Lieutenant Fred
Beecher was killer! in tha' fight. A
very bra<e man. Ile wa- a llcpheW of
Rev. llenry Ward Beeeber, and haJ previously served in the Sixteenth Maine
Infantry. l.Sfi^-o; in which I also serv
eii. As evening approached we sighted
several bands of buffaloes; hurried to
make camp aud started after them.
dust at dusk, about a mile from camp I
killed my first buffalo, a lean cow with a
fine skin which we stripped off, and also
saved the tongue ami hump. From then
on for the next ten days we found buffaloes plentiful, in band- from a few
animals up to several thousands, all in
the open sand hill country. The weather was fine and we killed until we secured all the hides our horses could haul,
which were prime and of the best quality for robes. Of the meat we saved only
the tongues, fat and the best humps.
The bulls were lima and poor. Some of
the cows were in fairly good condition.
Although late and not the regular hunt
ing season we met several hunting part
les. On such trips one experiences all
kinds of incidents. One morning on go
ing out to hunt, from a elevation we dis
covered several bands of buffaloes iu
various directions. It was calm, pleasant and cool, an ideal day for hunting.
We selected the most accessible band,
which was lying down in plain view
about a mile distant. I RCcrcted the
team and laid down in a buffalo wallow
to wait and wat.di for event1-, while
Womsley circle,I around the band for a
shot and to drive them towards me. He
was entirely successful, ami after'wait
ing about half an hour or more I saw
the smoke of his gun and the buffaloes
were instantly in motion, fleeing with
terror and  making straight   towards me.
As they approached nearer I I amo in
doubt  what   wa-  be-t   lnr  \u<>  to  do.     1
Ind nol  fully considered the proposition
which   was   about   to   presenl    itself;   but
held my position very much as I had
been taught iii the army. 1 was wanting buffalo and here appeared t" be n
chance to get some; but what of the
consequences! I kept down until ihe
band was aboul 'Jon yard- distant, presenting a solid fronl of about the unme
length, coining on in a swinging, rolling
motion, a solid compm t ma--, but iisth
heavier and stronger, and reminding me
of a cavalry charge I once encountered
in tin- Army of Potomac in former
years. 1 then sprang '-j my feet and
gave the old army shout, turned my old
Needle egun loose, ami kept tip tie- motion until the tliiiiL' was over. Instantly
the aninuiC d mass ! alted for .- feu
brief moment s; the impncl <■; i he hinder
one- rolled them on and '•'.-er the leader-
ar^d they were piled up n every enneeh
ible manner ■•■-•--ib!«-; hundreds "' '; en
went sprawling and rolling on the
ground and were trampled over. They
princess who lived nn outdoorlife parted •" fronl of me and skedaddled
among Ihe mountains. When she wa- ,,v ,u the right and left, some of them
nineteen she visited Venice, where -he within a few yards. While they were
met the king, who fell in lovo with her poking 1 dropped two fine cows and
at first Bight, and despite Ihe fact that crippled others. T felt safer and ealm
his family regarded the match as a pr w,"'n the affair wa- over. It might
mesalliance, married her. In her girl- ,mvo 'mi,,,i differently. A man eould
hood she was a great huntress and nne   »"t  1 lived   a   minute  wit
owt
lit in
QUEEN OF ITALY
HKLKN. Queen  of  Italy, before her
marriage     was     a     Montenegrin
of the finest shots in Kurope. but she
never shoots now, except at clay pig
eons, for with maturity sbe has .level
oped an aversion to killing anything.
ma-- passing over him.    It is wonderful
to  contemplate  the   frighl   which   the
presei >1 a human being can produce
upon wild animals,   Womsley -con j,.i[
aiol whipped "I-* ol the herd away from
the   cows   *■■ ing,   a-;...-   l.ui!-,
who are tin u wick >d fighters w.tt. their
sharp lioriih tt .-. ,- not uncommon to
find  herd- of .several   hundred  of the-,-
atiquated bull-. Among those advancing was one of tht- largest I ever .-aw.
if au a.-hy grey color, fully a foot taller
than any of tie,-,- with him, and ail
were unusually large. I wa- anxious to
iccure the big old fellow, and blazed
iway; but niu*1 liai e hit !■<■<. high, near
the huui|. I : ■■■ -■■ saw sue kicking in
my life. V. one could believe such u
big brute ■■*■    I  _ >t  up so mud .tion
n shorl  notice.    A Bronco Buster eould
ot ha v.* -':i i ed oi mui during t he performance. But he escaped. The In lea
ol old bulls are not suitable for fine
robes,   being     ■ .      On   uuothei
occasion we i    irge old bull which
k ith b- bn ■■-■ resti _ un Uie -.•■and,
the top ..t : - ■ mp r. ached up t.. my
shoulder men-Hire    five    feel    eig   I
inches, \> i -■ -. . -. ,, i ,, ■«,.*,. :
«ei^ii u tn I , . heal 1 it chiitue i
that   ti bud ■    J  uol   be  killed  by a
hot in t h.- head. \\ hich i- nol 11 v.
There is -. big       :   • •  lone hair on t he
upper pari  ■•    Hu   fa f the  buffalo,
reaching wel! ap above the base ol its
hom-. makii i ' end to appear hirger
and higher I -   - cull.    Tie' top of
• le-   skllll    is a  IltUSS     •■   bn,,.'   unit ir.g   tie'
horn.- at theii \ w>\ iee shoot ing
at the I ■■.■(*: ■■' ii buffalo from the t un I
would   proba ■■     strike the  large   solid
I e ai it,*- top ol the skull, or miss the
head Pill irely, i could fail to kill the
animal. ive   no   doubt   Buch   Bhots
have been made by those wh" support
the claim tl...:  i buffalo cannot be kille 1
by a sle-t ii: tie- I cad. But a shot i:
the face an inch above the line of its
eye* i- <nstanl deali . Nn better shot
could be made, ! havo so killed them
several times; and recall on.- instance
in particular. Womsley had wounded ■>
large young bull, breaking both front
legs above the knee.-, letting him down
mi i he broken sl imps, so that hi- head
rested on t he ground. It wa.- fight ing
mad. bellowed an.l tried to charge us
in that condition, bul could not clear
its head from the ground and fell over.
While I attracted his attention in front,
Womsley jumped istride of his back
from th.- rear, caught him by the horns
with hi- hands and held him down. I
went near to him ami shot him iu the
head, dead the first shot with a .38
pocket revolver.
One day without premeditation, 1 had
a tri;.! -Imt at a buffalo, wilh Worn-ley,
he using the Creedmore, ami I his
Needle guu. We were about a third of
a mile apart and both sighted :. band of
buffaloes, standing on an elevation,
about oipii di-t uit from us; SO that
from our respective positions we formed
ihe side uf .. triangle with ihe position
of the game. Womsley sho! firsl and
missed. I -aw the bullet strike the
ground and knew that he had not got
the correct sight. Pulling up my hiud
sighl for 500 yards I fired and hit the
buffalo, saw it turn halt' tl round and I
shot again at the same animal at the
same range, Womsley still firing ami
missing. The buffalo soon fell, and we
both started for it. Vo the way he
started ri band of antelope which ran
toward- me. stopped and turned to
watch him, and 1 shot and knocked two
of them down. Before 1 could reach
them they jumped up and ran away,
and they may be gOB^ >'«''• ' didn't
see them stop again,
When we reached the dead buffalo
Womsley began praising himself for the
line -hot he supposed he had made. I
told him he had not killed the buffalo,
but he was positive that he had. So
we began skinning and found both my
bullets iu the body; and lie had not hit
it, The bullet from the Creedmore
Woltld have passed through a buffalo at
that distance; but not so the bullet from
the Needle gun. Such wa- the relative
power of the two gun-.
1 noticed during that winter's hunt
ing that the Indian- were pleased to se-
eure the Sharps Carbine, a powerful
shooter and cheap in price compared
with other guns. I suppose thev used
the same kind on ■'uster and his men
later. Many of tlie buffaloes which we
killed had old gunshot wounds, a significant fact, -bowing their constant persecution. This happened thirty five
years ago, ami the myriads of buffaloes
have disappeared and are now practical
Iv extinct.
SPIDER REPUBLICS
THK spider has usuj-illy been regarded
as a type of the solitary among
insects, each individual preferring
to live alone. Bul naturalists have dis
covered exceptions to thi* rule, a ml
among t he most remarkable are three
species   of   spiders   ill    Veiie/.eula
The most interesting of these, the
uloborus re publican us, seems to be truly
republican in its instincts, several hun
dreds of individuals dwelling together
iu huge webs made up of smaller web-
linked together bv strong threads and
fastened   among  the   branches  of  trees.
On    the-.-    Web-    the   Spiders   eail    be    -*eeil
moving  freely about, meeting and ex
changing greetings with Iheir antennae
like so many ant-. In the centre of the
main web is a space where the eggs of
the entile r.-publi.' are l;nd and where
at flu' proper season ihe female spiders
can be seen nssembled, each guarding
her own.
AMu\(. the tasks imposed in reoenb
l*i a i-   upon    t hat    bu-\    -ervunt    of
man. electricity,   is  lh.'  acting   ui
an nssistatil  in the operation of dyeing.
When cloth soaked iu aniline sulphate
i-   placed   between   tWO   metal   plates  eon
needed -a ith the opposite end- nf a dynamo  ami    'lectric   current   is   pnssed
through it the sulphate is converted in-
to aniline black, By altering tho
si rengl li of 11 e sotut ion nnd ef the rur-
'■.lit shades varying from green to pure
bletek can be obtained.
In the case of indigo, the el.ith {* iin-
, (■ nf .*.) v. ;i ii a paste of indigo blue
and caustic alkali, 'lie- electric current
converts ihe insoluble indigo blue, by
reduction of oxygen, into indigo white.
which i- soluble, and on being exposed
to the air becomes oxidized once more
add tarn- blue, thr- thoroughly dyeing
th- doth  with that cdor.
Al' \StITON \ni.i: painter, noted for
id- prolific output, was discussing
at   a   studio   fea   in   New   Vork   a
recent scandal in the picture trad1.
•• Look here, old man," -aid <b Junes
Kerr, the etcher, "do you ; aint all your
own pi*''nre* '
••] du.'' the other answered, hotly,
"and with my own hands, too."
"And whal do you paj your hand.-?"
Mr. Kerr enquirod. "I'm thinking of
s-tnrtinc an art factorv myself.-' THE   TIMES,   HOSMER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
The Hosmer Times
SUBSCRIPTION BATES
One Year One Dollar i„ Advance
Single Copies Five Cents Kaeh
I'eilelisheel e\e,y Thursday morning at Hoamer,
l.i-itish , cjlumbia.
THUH8DAY. AUGUST 11. 1910
Time Tables.
c
P. B. TIME TABLE
Arrive Ilee.sJllt'l-
No. 213 Went  9.H
Vee.  2U   K.-ISI    18.   1(1
No, 212 Local East 0.27
No. 211 Local West 20*45
Nc 7 West Flyer 10.07
Nee. 8 Basl Flyer 20.45
Change tcaik affect Sunday June 1
<;. N. TIMETABLE
No. 251 le-av,-. Michel       0:13a. m,
Arrives ,it llosmer...    10:00 a.m.
No. 252 leaves Rexfoi'd.. 4:15 p. in.
Arrives at llosmer ..      7:13 p. in
TALK OF THE TOWN
The Timef
16,
'phone No. i
W. T. Watson spent Sunday
in Frank.
Frank Owens, of Hillcrest.
was in town Sunday.
Government Agent Alexander
spent Tuesday in town.
Mrs. Bert Swanton was a
Fernie visitor yesterday.
F. DuBo.8 .and J, R. Lawry
visited llosmer on Sunday.
James Ilolden left on Monday
to spend a week in Calgary.
Wanted -Chickens. Address
Box A. Times office.
A. Mathieson made a business
trip to Fernie on Wednesday.
Miss Clara Sendjak was visiting friends in Hosnier Monday.
Thos. Toinasliavsky arrived
in town last week from Prince
Rupert.
Mr. and Mrs, B. Warren were
visiting friends in Fernie on
Sunday.
R. Pratt, brother of Alex
Pratt, arrived from England on
Monday.
Antonio Bossio returned lust
nij^lit from the sulphur springs
at Frank.
B. A. Kutnmer, of Fernie,
made a business trip to Hosmer
on Tuesday.
Mrs. C. 15. Racicot visited
friends in Fernie a few days
this week.
Do you enjoy a  po<
Drop in on Se'ini Snell.
Sir Wilfred Laurier will speak
in Lethbridge on Wednesday,
August .'list.
,1. P. lloulahan, the sewing
machine man, was seen in Hosiner Tuesday.
Mrs. Kershaw, of Fort .Steele,
is visiting her daughter, Airs.
R. W. Rogers.
Miss R, Gourley, a niece of
John Wylie, arrived last Friday
from Scotland.
Sam Rouleau, of the Queen's
hotel stall', Fernie, spent .Sunday in Hosnier.
P. Carosella, the proprietor
of the opera house block, was
in town yesterday.
F. Dennison, of tlie P. Hums
Co., paid his monthly visit to
Hosiner this weok.
Mr. and Mrs. Ed. Powell, of
Coal Creek, were visiting friends
in Hosmer yesterday.
Robert. Gourlay, Sr., returned
last Tuesday from a business
trip to the Pacific coast.
Don't forget the free moving
picture  show  at   the  Queens
from
game?
r,i
Robert Gourlay, Jr., returned
on Monday from Pincher Creek
where he spent a few weeks.
James Mathieson, of Fernie,
was visiting his sister, Mrs.
Steve Lawson, last .Sunday.
A. J. Carter, district secretary
of the United Mine Workers of
America, visited Hosnier last
Friday.
Mi*, and Mrs. J. D. Quail, of
Fernie, autoed to Hosmer on
Monday with Mr. and Mrs. J. R.
Pollock.
A. McCool, of the Great Northern hotel, Michel, drove
through on his way to Fernie
on Monday.
Mrs. J. S. Wallace, of Cranbrook, an old resident of Hosmer, [iaid a farewell visit to her
friends here before leaving for
the coast.
Frank H. Ingham made a
tri]) to his ranch, at Elko, last
Sunday. He reports that the
apple trees are looking exceptionally line.
The Rev. M. F. Eby, of the
Methodist church, and the Hev.
C. K. Nicoll, of the Presbyterian
church, will exchange pulpits
ou .Sunday evening.
The Hosmer Mines, Ltd., are
now shipping MOO tons of coal
daily to Nelson: coke, to the
amount of 200 tons daily, is being shipped to Trail.
J. S. C. Fraser, manager of
the Bank of Montreal, at Rods-
land, spent a few days in town
last week. While here he was
the guest of C. B. Winter.
Mrs. R. W. Rogers and her
son, Willie, who have been
making a three months trip in
England and Scotland, returned
home on Monday morning.
Geo. Smith and family, of
Medicine Hat, passed through
Hosmer yesterday in a prairie
schooner. They are bound for
the Flathead valley in Montana.
Mr. DunWaters, one of the
proprietors of the Glasgow
Herald, the second largest newspaper in Britain, is presently
visiting his estate in the Okanagan valley.
"Doc" litis been administering
a course of treatment to the
tennis court, which has now
blossomed out into a clay court,
having been previously of the
cinder variety.
James McKelvie, an old resident of Hosnier, returned last
week from Frank, where he has
been spending a few months.
He has taken a position as fire
boss at the Hosnier mines.
If your liver is sluggish and
out of tone, and you feel dull.
bilious, constipated, take a dose
of Chamberlain's Stomach and
Liver Tablets tonight before retiring and you will feel all right
in the morning. Sold by all
druggists.
At tho end of thc present
month it will bo possible to
drive from Crow's Nest to Wardner over tho new government
road. This will make a pleasant trip and will give one a
better opportunity of seeing
the country than from tlie window of a train.
The long lost body of little
Iloen Lyons, daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. Joseph Lyons, of West
Fernie, was found last Sunday
in the log pond of the Elk Lum-
.      , Y ber Co., where she was drown-
at   the   Queens     . . ..   ..       ....
Hotel, Saturday evening from ed on tbe afternoon of May .50
8:30 to 11 p. iu. ' last.
Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Hughes, of i Bo sure and lake a bottle of
Coal Creek, were among 1 lie j Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera
sightseers to llosmer yesterday.' and   Diarrhoea    Remedy    with
The program of sports issued y('" when starting on your trip
by the local union is wry at-, this summer. It cannot be ob-
imotive and the prize li-t is 0. tallied on board the trains or
K, steamers.      Changes  of  water
,.,.    ,,      ., ..   , ,    and climate often cause sudden
III,*   le.ee,.   (        |v     .\||M,||     Will     1)0 I 1 „    1. 1 ,      *.      •
in attendance al   tho school  to «itfaiclw of diarrhoea, and it is
issue library I k-* to tho schol- best to be prepared.      Sold  by
ins cen Monday and Wednesday all druggists.
bet Ween I Ile ho Ill's of 11   and   12, -      _...-
a, in. during July and August, Football Match on Saturday.
Manager   Stockett
Hosiner Mines.   Ltd.,
absent during the week at   Cal
Altitudes.
Following are the altitudes at
many of the chief points in
East Kootenay: Tochty 2001,
Yahk 2817, Aldridge 3051, Moyie
3046, Cranbrook 301-1, Fort
Steele 2080, Wardner 2130, Jaffray 2700, Galloway 2874, Elko
3082, Fernie 3302, Hosiner 3117,
Sparwood 3037.
Sam and The Pigs.
.Sam Sing was a candidate for
honors at the police court on
Monday night. Sam was accused of keeping his place in an
unsanitary condition. Constable McCuish thought the
Chinks pigs won, too close
neighbors, never dreaming
that Chinks and pigs are closely related.
On the Chinks promising to
amend his ways according to
the statutes of B. C. he was
fined a nominal sum of three
plunks and costs. H. L. Brown
dispensed the necessary justice.
High School Exams.
Thc results of the high school
examinations show a very high
percentage of successful candidates. Out of a total of 1,170
no fewer than 702 passed, the
majority with honors. Fernie's
reputation for the percentage
of those who passed remains at
100 per cent, there being three
candidates and all were awarded the necessary marks, Mary
A. Bateman heading the list
with 53-1 and only one point
separating tho other two, Phi 11-
is Marlatt, of Hosmer, obtaining
515 and Margaret A. Robertson
511.—Fornie Ledger.
*'■'     the     A league football match  will
has   boon   bo played at llosmer on  Satlir-
It Looks Like a Big Day.
Weather permitting, it will
be ti great day, Monday the 5th
of September. Although that
will be Labor day, there will be
plenty of business afoot in Hosmer. There will be something
doing from 9 a. m. until sundown   and then some.
There are prizes galore for
the winners, A band will be in
attendance all day, and there
will be a grand ball at the opera
house throughout the night. It
is anticipated tit the present
writing that there will be a
large attendance from outside
points.
Wait for the Basket Social.
The Hosmer football club will
give a basket social at the opera
house on Monday evening, Aug
22nd. Everybody should come
and help the social along. The
boys who tiro enthusiastic
enough to give their time to a
sport which is manly and
healthful should have every encouragement of the citizens.
The Ritle Range.
The weather man handed out
a bunch of mean weather to
the Fernie and Hosmer shooter
when they met for tho first
time on the Hosmer range last
Sunday. Changing light and a
shifty wind of the corkscrew
and fishtail varieties put high
scoring in cold storage.
Fernie started off with a snug
lead and held it throughout the
match. The Hosmer bunch,
with the exception of I. J.
Brown ami R. W. Rogers, tire
all green men, but they hung on
like grim death and hugged
Fernie's heels all the way. Dr.
Higgins, who was top man for
Hosiner, shot the range for the
lirst time, tind A. E. Cox, who
was second started late this
season.
Fred Cox donated ,'i hot lunch
at the rifle range which wus
highly appreciated by those
present.
'I'lIK SCORES
I'l.'iiMi-:
day, August 13th, between Hosmer aud Coal Creek. Kick oil'
at 6:15.
A medal will bo given to tho
player who scores (he winning
goal for Hosnier .Saturday eve.
In Inning a   cough   medicine
A. W. Bieasdell
W. Walilame
W. Price
(i. Pudlill*
.1. Lawrie
I'. Dennison
W. Ross
.1. Wallace
i A. MacCauley
! II. Bail
iff
20
2,
111
20
L'I
a i
21
IH
III
:«
211
■_'ll
IH
gary    on    business     connected
with the company.
Dysentery is a dangerous
disease bul can be cured.
Chamberlain's (.'olic Choleru
and Diarrhoea Remedy has
been successfully used in nine;
epidemics of dysentery. I( has dent be afraid to get Chamber-
never been known to fail. It is Iain's Cough Kemedy. There is
equally valuable for children no danger from it. .'ind relief is
and adults, and when reduced sure to follow. Especially roc-
with water and sweetened, it is commended for coughs, colds
pleasant to take, .Sold by all and whoping cough. Sold by
druggists. jail druggists.
HO
is
is
IIOSMKH
A. E. I'c.x
I. .1.   Hi'.,WII
A. Anthony
Sam Snrll
H. VV. H,,*_r.'
T. Speafs
M. Mi'Kinni)
II. Itri.T
Dr. UiggillH
I''. Newton
Pel-llil,'8 lee
1,1,1,le-    ley   .1.
I-5-5-5-4-54.   'I
Hosmer's leesl seme al one range
was made Icy A. K. Con at .",110 yards,
5-5-3-J-l-o-Jl.   Total 30.
22
HO
tli
27
HI
111
21
21
21
IS
Hi
to
111
III
28
Hi
21
12
2i 1
1
1
II
li
2H
I.s
Wallace
elal 82.
it one' range was
• at   ."iini   yards,
Change of Climate.
Are the climatic conditions
along the Bass changing?
Within the recollection of the
youngest of old timers this was
always considered a wet belt,
and people who suffered from
rheumatic complaints had to
make frequent visits to sulpher
springs and other resorts to
get ease from pain. Tlie last
year or two. however, has
brought about a great change,
and the country now suffers
from drought. We have lately
had several days on which the
sky looked 'threatening and
seemed to indicate that rain
was eminent, but the result
was never more than a few
drops. The country needs rain,
and needs it badly; the gardens
are suffering, and the hay
ranches up the Elk have no
crop to speak of; and most of
all, we need it to quench the
fires which are still smouldering
in the valley, and ready to
break out afresh with the first
high wind.
Board of Trade Meeting.
A meeting of the Board of
Trade was hold in the old school
house on Monday evening,
August 8th. Among those
present were: W. T. Watson,
president, W. B. Wright, secretary protein, A. Mathieson, S.
Slinn, Wm. Robson, F. Labelle,
T. A. Cornett, J. Asselin and B.
F. Lester.
The minutes of last meeting
were read and adopted.
W. T. Watson reported that
the Hosmer Townsite Co. asked
$3,500 for the land for a depot
site. After some discussion
the same committee was instructed to interview Lewis
Stockett regarding the depot
site.
The matter of a telephone to
Nelson was laid over until next
month.
A letter was received from
Government Agent Armstrong
asking for full particulars regarding the leasing of Lot 3,
Block 13. The secretary was
instructed to give the necessary
information.
T. A. Cornett introduced the
question of putting the new fire
bell on top of the old school
house. After some discussion
the matter was dropped until
tho lease of the lot was  settled.
The meeting then adjourned.
When the digestion is all
right, the action of the bowels
regular, thore is a natural craving and relish for food. When
this is kicking you may know
that you need a dose of Chamberlain's Stomach and Liver
Tablets. Thoy strengthen the
digestive organs, improve the
appetite and regulate the bowels.   Sold by all druggists.
Department of Mines.
COAL MINES REGULATION ACT
Notice of Examination
Xotiee is hereby given that examinations will be held for 1st, 2nd and
Hill Class Certificates of Competency
under the provisions of the "Coal
Mines Regulation Act" at Nanaimo,
1-Vriiic, Cumberland and Merritt, on
the 16th, 17th and 18th of August, 1910,
commencing at nine o'clock in the
forenoon.
The subjects will lie as follows:—
First Class Candidates—
Mining Acl and .Special Holes.
Mine Gases,
Ventilation. ,
General Work.
-Mine Machinery.
Surveying.
Second Class Candidates—
Milling Act and Special Rules.
.Mine Gases.
Ventilation,
General Work.
Till 111) Class CANDIDATES—
Milling Acl .'ind Special Rules.
Mine Cases and General Work.
Application   must   hce  made   lo  the
undersigned nol, later than  Monday,
August8th, lulu, accompanied by the
statutory fee. as Followsi
By an application for First Class Ex-
aminalion StelO.IKI
lly an applicant I'or Second ('lass  Examination     $10.00
By an applicant for Third Class  Examination $ ,").IH)
The applications must he accompanied by original testimonials and
j evidence slating that: —
! Ial Ifn candidate for First Class,
I that he is a British subject and has
; had at least five year's experience in
or about the practical working of a
I coal mine, and is at Jeast twenty-live
j years of age.
(Ill    It'll Candida I c for Second Class,
j that he lias had at least five year's ex-
I pei'ience  in  or   about    the   practical
working ofa coal mine.
(c)—If a candidate for Third Class,
that he hus had at least, thiee year's
experience in or about the practical
wurking of a coal mine.
(,ll—A candidate for a Certificate of
coiiipeteiii'v as .Manager, Overman,
Shiftbnss, i-'irchoss or Shotligliler shall
produce n certificate from a medical
practitioner, duly qualified to practice
as such in the Province of British
Columbia, showing thai In* has taken
a course in ambulance work tilling
him. Ihe- said candidate, to give first
aid to persons injured in coal mining
opera! tons,
By order of the Hoard.
i-'iiam is h. Shepherd
Secretary.
Nanaimo, B, C. July 5th, 1010.
01-11.
Go to old, reliable Pete for a
good shave, hair-cut or bath.
Pete's Ha rber Shop. lltf
C. H. DUNBAR
Barrister
Solicitor
and Notary Public
HOSMEK        - - B.C.
C. F. Lawk Alkx I. Fisiibk, B, A.
LAWE & FISHER
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.
FERNIE B. C.
JOSEPH RYBNICEK
CARPENTER and BUILDER
Good  work at  low  prices und satisfaction guaranteed
HOSMER,
B. C.
PEOPLE'S CLOTHING STORE
I'll. ADELBEEG
I. ZISBLMAN, Man.
Clothing, Gent's Furnishings, Boots
and Shoes, Jewelry and Watches
Dress Swell You Mitflit fts well
HOSMER, li. I'.
THE   HOSMER    DAIRY
G. M. HEDLEY, Prop.
Fresh Milk and Cream delivered to all parts of the town.
HOSMER, B. C.
D. BRUTTO
BOOT AND SHOE MAKER
Repairing   Neatly  Done While  You
Wait.   .Satisfaction Guaranteed.
THE BEST IS NONE TOO GOOD
We carry nothing but first quality
goods in Staple and Fancy Groceries,
Men's Furnishings and Clothing.
Agency of the
Art Tailoring Company, Ltd.
Every suit made specially to measure
and guaranteed in workmanship and  fit.
A. MATHIESON
THE STORE OF SATISFACTION
Main Street HOSMER, B. C.
*****************************************************
!      P. BURNS <®, CO., Limited
Main Street
Hosmer B. C.
Bath Rooms
Up-to-date.    You
are all welcome at
Pete's Barber Shop
Front St., Hosmer
Hosmer - Fruit - Store
Jasiks Milo, Prop.
Fruits,  Candies,  Cigars, Tobaccos,
Etc., Ice Cream and Soft Drinks
CALL AND SBE U.S
Next  door  to  Tony   Lombavdi's
old stand.
a*************************
$ CITY I
I Meat Market
J Choice line of Steaks,
Chops, Roasts, Sausage,
Butter, Bacon, Eggs,
Lard, Etc. Fresh and
Salt Fish. A trial order
solicited.
NOT  IN  THE   TRUST
GABARA BROS., Props
Gabara Block
j  Near 0. ]'. B, depot        Hosiner
**************************
-FOR-
Millinery
Fancy Goods
Children's Wear
Dry Goods
-SEE—
MRS. McMEEKIN
Dressmaking in Connection
Main Street
llosmer. B. C.
P. CAROSELLA
DBALBE IN
Cigars
Tobaccos
Groceries
Gent's Furnishings
General Merchandise
Smoked and Cured Meats
Opera House Block
HOSMER
B.C.
*************
* House of Hobberlin *
* *
*
# *,   w   *,»   *»*   mm   Mm. #
*
*
*
*
•SUMMER
SUITS
* Made to Your Measure *
: $15.00 i
Aiello & Bossio
Agents for Hosmer
t *
*************  *
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
Meat Merchants
Fresh nnd Cured Meats, Fresh Fish, Game aud Poultry. ',',
We supply only the best. Your trade solicited. Markets J J
in all the principal Towns and Cities in British Columbia.   $
MAIN STREET HOSMER, B. C.    J [
*
****************************************************
The Hosmer Mines, Ltd.
HOSMER, B. C.
MINERS AND SHIPPERS
Hosmer Steam Coal
and Coke
GENERAL OFFICE, MINES AND COKE OVENS
LOCATED AT HOSMER, B. C.
Lewis Stock ett,
General Manager
D. G. Wilson,
Superintendent
= Elk Valley Development Co.
LIMITED
Ownersof HOSMER TOWNSITE
A number of
very desirable
Lots for Sale
CREE & MOFFATT
Townsite Agents Fernie, B. C.
LABOR DAY IN FERNIE
—LARGE LIST OF GOOD EVENTS-
OVER ONE THOUSAND DOLLARS IN CASH PRIZES
HORSE RACING, FOOT RACING, JUMPING, TENNIS TOURNAMENT, FOOTBALL, BASEBALL; TUG OF WAR, SQUAW
TEPEE RACES, SQUAW HORSE RACES, ETC., ETC.
WATCH FOR LARGE POSTERS
-ENTRIES MUST BE MADE WITH SECRETARY—
G. H. R0ULT0N, President   W. S. STANLEY, Secretary
RUBBER
STAMPS
MADE TO ORDER ON SHORT
NOTICE AT THE
TIMES OFFICE

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