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The Standard Dec 30, 1916

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���HOKE     I K V M O IH      470
Vol. V, No. 35���Established 1911
Price Five Cents
The South Vancouver Situation
H 'T'T NOW appears that there is only one course left for
"T* thc corporation of South Vancouver to follow and tliat
is amalgamation with the city of Vancouver.
^j Along' about election time it has always been popular to
bring up the annexation scheme. Many reeves have been
elected upon it. Each year in the past, immediatelv after
election, the proposition has always been dropped. This
time it is hoped something will actually be clone.
% There is a new Government in office in Victoria and
South Vancouver has two very capable and very progressive representatives in Messrs. J. W. Weart and G. G. McGeer. Then there is a very clear-headed reeve in the chair
in South Vancouver, Mr. William Winram.
fl Mr. Winram has proposed that the union of the municipality and the city be brought about. Mr. Weart has undertaken to take an active part in assisting the reeve in the
undertaking. And Mr. Weart is one of the best municipal
experts in llritish Columbia.
fl At last a definite move has been made which has the real
���support of the leading men of the lower mainland.
*    fi    fi    *    *    *    *    *    *    fi    *
fl South Vancouver has suffered because of wretched government locally and provincially during the past number
of years.
fl In South Vancouver we have found democracy.running
riot. Many councillors have in the past been elected to public office there who were totally unfit to carry on any sort
of public business. Tlie same has been true of the administration of the schools.
fl There are men on the council bdard today who, to save
the paltry $300 a year salary paid them, are prepared to
light against union with the city. ���
Chas.  MacDonald, Member of Parliament
of Good Fellows
(THARLES MACDONALD, the Liberal member-to-be
for South Vancouver, is one of the most optimistic
gentlemen you could find in a day's march.
fl Some weeks ago his son, Alex., one of the gallant yo<i;jg
olficers from British Columbia, was for the second time
mentioned in the list of the wounded
fl "I am not worrying," said Mr. Macdonald; "Alex, is in
Boulogne in a hospital and while I haven't had any word.
I feel that he will come around in good shape.'' One could
see that it required some effort for Charles to express himself so cheerfully.
fl But, in due course, a cable came from France saying that
the boy was on the mend.
fl They took Charles to the hospital just before Christmas
for an operation. "It is well," he said, "after the operation
that I'm laid up in a season when there is little business
doing. Then, too, I am in here out of danger of eating too
much plum pudding and turkey."
fl "But there is this about it," said the popular politician,
"that a man, once he is on his back in a hospital, finds that,
after all, the dear old world struggles along just the same
even if one is laid on the shelf."
fl It is a pleasure, after meeting a number of fellows who
are always taking the joy out of life, as the saying is,
though their own troubles are of little account, to meet a
cheerful, optimistic, stout-hearted man like Macdonald,
who goes along his way in good times or bad times, through
joy and sorrow, radiating sunshine.
Politicians, Attention I
>I<HAT IS the returned soldier going to do about patronage?   Maybe he intends to help Premier Brewster implement bis anti-patronage policy.   Wre clip the following
little item from an Interior paper:
"Over 100 names were signed in Trail to the petition for the appointment of Sergt. Robert Quin of Nelson, as sheriff of Kootenay, to succeed the late Sheriff
Tuck. Quin is a returned wounded soldier, who came
back from France some months ago in bad shape, but
has since been gradually recovering to some extent.
Members of all political parties in Trail were only too
glad to have their names on the petition for Sergt. Quin,
the matter being now considered by tbe Brewster government at Victoria."
fl At any other time in the history of Canada, from the days
before Sir William Lyon Mackenzie tried to beat the patronage system in Upper Canada, it would have been considered a great joke to appoint any man to the position of
sheriff in any county if he had not supporting him a long
record as a faithful supporter of the party in power.
fl South Vancouver is a splendid municipality and is destined sooner or later to' become part of the city proper.
The move will mean a great reduction of the cost of administration and should mean a reduction of the tax rate.
If In spite of the many advantages, there are people iru
South Vancouver who will fight against the proposal and
will support the petty office-seekers as against the public
Should This Man Have Enlisted?
fltEN HAVE been known to enlist for active service
abroad who might best serve their country by remaining to fight the battles at home. We marvel at the contents of the following despatch' taken from the TRAIL
"This morning the death occurred of Mrs. Palhia
Senkin, a Russian, who moved here a short time ago
from Saskatoon. The woman was in advanced stages
of tuberculosis when she arrived in Trail with her two
children some weeks ago. Her husband enlisted on the
prairies and is now serving at the front. Her case was
reported some time since to the authorities in Trail, but
she refused to go to the Kamloops sanitarium and leave
her children here. She has two brothers in Trail. Funeral will be held tomorrow.
"The case is a sad one, as there were ten persons
reported living in the same small house up the gulch
until recently, when Mrs. Senkins moved to a larger
house near the Kootenay hotel. The local branch of
the Patriotic Fund has notified the provincial branch."
fl Here was a woman whose love for her children was so
great that she, in her ignorance of modern methods, would
not forsake them. "Up the gulch" ten people lived in a
fl On the face of it, it seems to us that the man might better have remained at the side of his family. But then, who
knows? Probably this spirited woman loved her country
just the same way that she loved her children. Probably
she was as willing that he should die for his country as that
she should die caring for her babies.
Words Without Action
"f-f T SUCH a period as this nothing will serve us better
than the practice of thrift and economy where thrift
and economy are needed"���Hon Bob Rogers, before the
Canadian Club at Montreal, November 31, 1916.
fl Hon. Robert does not necessarily say that these words
apply to government business.
fl The total domestic expenditure of the government apart
from war and railway subsidies during the two years when
rigid economy was a necessity, and extravagance a crime,
exceeded that for the two previous ante bellum years by
thirty-two millions of dollars, and exceeded that for the last
two years of Liberal administration by just a hundred million dollars.
"Made in Nippon"
fTSK AT any drug store in Vancouver for a tooth brush
and the chances are lhat you will be shown an article
made in Japan. Ask for a thermos bottle and you will be
given a choice between an American-made bottle and one
"just as good" and half as expensive, made in Japan. In
the toy shops during the Christmas season, vast quantities
of Japanese goods were shown and readily purchased by
Canadian fathers and mothers. There was one toy in particular which caught the eye of natives of Uncle Sam's
country. This was a Yankee Doodle doll from a Japanese
factory. He was all rigged up in the stars and stripes,
with whiskers on his chin. Press his belly and he would
squeal. He had movable legs and arms and was "a real
!ive cousin to Uncle Sam, a Yankee Doodle dandy." But
alas, his eyes were the eyes of Nippon and they were put
in on the slant.
���lillWii wmmmmm
Here Is Further Waste
"T'N a recent issue of the Vancouver NEWS-ADVER-
TISER an article appeared urging greater use of the
public school buildings. In eastern sections of Canada the
school-house is widely used as a place for holding political
meetings, lectures and concerts. The Sunday School
which I. attended when a boy was held in a red brick country school building.
fl In Vancouver is is the fashion in holding public meetings
to hire the most magnificent halls and theatres, often at
great cost. Meanwhile splendid, capacious school buildings
remain dark from four in the afternoon until nine the following morning.
fl IT NOW SEEMS plain that the Stevens Harbor Improvement Scheme is nothing more nor less than a game
to help party friends unload parcels of real estate at' inflated prices.
fi    fi    fi    fi    fi    fi    fi    fi    fi    fi    t-
fl IN YEARS GONE BY the tin clippings from the salmon factories of British Columbia were gathered up in nice
heaps and sent to Germany to be used in the making of
toys.   Tons of these clippings now go overseas to Japan.
'l' ��fi *K I* *I* *P "T "T *l* *P T*
fl HONEST JOHN OLIVER, Minister of Agriculture, is
getting out a very useful agricultural publication at Victoria. In a recent issue it is told how a man on a bit of land
facing on the sea. was unable to secure fertiliser for his
acres from the usual sources. His soil was very weak. So
he went down to the shore, gathered a lot of kelp, dog-fish
and seaweed, spread it over the soil and the result is that
the land yields forth bountifully.
fi    fi    fi    fi    fi    fi    fi    fi    fi    fi    fi
fl MR. STEVENS, M.P., says that years ago he worked as
a grocery clerk, his hours often being from six a.m. until
midnight. The labor attached to being an M.P. is not quite
so great.
fi        fi        fi        fi        fi        fi        fi        fi        -j: !)!        fi
fl I'LL BET THAT it is the horror which takes hold of
Stevens when he looks back upon those lean days lh.it
forces him to try so mam M range stunt- with the money of
the people of Canada.
fl WHY GO BACK to putting up gallons of mollasscs and
cans of oil when ii is so easy and profitable to utter sweet,
coated words and oily nothings?
fi    fi    fi     fi    fi    fi    fi    fi    fi    fi     fi    .;<
fl WELL, OLD ABE LINCOLN    started in a grocery
*    fi    fi    fi    fi    fi    fi    fi    fi    fi    *
fi        fi        fi        fi        fi        fi        fi        fi        :),        fi        fi
%        _�� %. ij: H-        ^ -k *k ^ % ^
fl BEFORE CARTER-COTTON got mixed up with this
Harbor Scheme, he was looked upon as one of the real, true,
substantial men of Vancouver. When he made his last
speech in the Legislature men said that here was acitizen
wdio had come to the fulness of his career with honor. Alas,
his name has since been bandied about with tliat of political
tricksters.   Another case of bad company.
fl COUNCILLOR RUSSELL, of South Vancouver, is
out for reeve. He has a positive platform as well as what
he calls a negative platform. Among the negative planks
an important bit of timber is the following: "I am not in
favor of hoisting up prayers on Sunday and thieving on
Monday." We need more councillors of this stripe in what
has been called the reeve belt.
f -������
By Florence Milner
not    among
dil'1'crenf   di-
at  her  wrist
minutes     to
I.���The  Woman  Wins
She jammed one more final garment into the already crowded suitcase, turned the key, and set the case
with the black travelling bag by
the side of the door. Hat and veil
were already adjusted while coat and
furs were ready at handy The last
preparation completed, she sat down
to wait with what patience long
training in this kind of thing had
given her.
She turned a listening ear to the
sound of the elevator door down
the hall of the hotel, but her husband's footsteps were
those that pattered in
She looked anxiously
watch.       duly   twenty
train  time  and  the  station  six  minutes away in a laxicab.
She   started   toward   the  telephone.
No, she would not call him. He
might be just finishing with the last
patient and answering the telephone
would mean only delay.
This being*a doctor's wife was not
a serene job. llo\v many times she
had sat with outer garments ready
and her husband's clothes all laid
out! How she had waited and waited! How often in the end had the
waiting been extended beyond thc
possible hour for thc given social
function! She had at last givenvup
accepting invitations to formal affairs wiiere 'it made any especial difference to the hostess whether they
came or not.
But this vacation ��� this spending
Christmas with her own family���she
had quite set her heart upon that.
Many of Dr. Harrington's patients
would bc away and the others too
kusy with holiday frivolities to find
time to be sick.
Louise had relieved her husband
of all responsibility of preparation
for the trip. She had done all the
packing, had bought the tickets, and
had ordered the cab Xo be at the door
twelve minutes before time scheduled for the train. There was nothing to do now but wait.
Again thc elevator came to their
floor, but no husband. Again and
again the iron door clanged. At last
she heard his quick step as he rushed
down thc corridor. The door burst
open before she could reach it.
"Can we make it?" he exclaimed
catching up suit-case and bag.
"We'll try," answered Louise. She
seized coat, muff, and hand-bag and
followed to the elevator, donning the
/outer garment as she-ran.
A.mad ride to thc station got them
there just as... the guard was closing
the gate. As he saw the pair rushing toward Dim, he stayed his hand
an instant to let/him through. Dr.
Harrington almost lifted his wife
aboard. His foot cleared the ground
just as the train was well under motion.
Louise dropped into her chair with
a sigh of relief. The tension on her
nerves relaxed.
She wondered if any vacation was
worth the strain. She began to think
it was as the train rolled on smooth
roadbed through the wintry landscape, flushed to warmth by thc slanting rays of the setting sun.
The run to Jackson where they
were to change cars seemed short.
Thc plan had been to take an earlier
train which carried a through car
to their destination. It made little
difference, however, for a wait of
naif an hour would give them a fast
train on the main line.
The waiting time passed quickly
for the Christmas crowd furnished
constant entertainment. The hands
of the clock approached the minute
when the train was! due. Just then
an acquaintance emerged from thc
crowd*of strangers.
"Going east on this train?" he
asked. I
Then followed explanations of the
loss of the earlier train, - the hair
breadth escape from losing this one,
and the enforced change of cars and
the waiting.
"Hive you got holiday rate tickets?" hastily asked the friend.
"Yes. Why?" Louise scented further trouble.
"They won't take 'em on the limited. You'll have to. have, regular
one-way tickets from here."    >��� ;
Thc Statioti at Jackson is likd a
prison. Once in there is no way out
except past the gate-keeper whose
one insistent demand is for a glimpse
of the traveller's ticket.
Just then the train whistled.
The doctor rushed frantically toward the ticket window. Louise
followed with the hand luggage. >
He asked for tickets and threw
down a bill. As he took the tickets,
he said to his wife, "You take the
change. I'll go on and get them to
hold the train until you come."
He caught up the bags and tore for
the door.
When Louise followed, her husband was standing between the two
bags and going frantically through
his pockets.
"Step aside and let these people
pass. You're blocking the way."
The guard was a surly individual.
Another mad hunt. This time thc
doctor brought up two tickets from
the depths of a pocket ami handed
them to the guard triumphantly.
"Xo good on this train." The
guard  merely  glanced at them.
"I'.ul he's got the others!" urged
Louise as the sound of the Irain
drawing into ihc station roused her
to excitement.
"Oot to show 'cm!" unfeelingly repealed the official. Stand back
You're blockiu' the way."
The doctor was still hopelessly
searching his pockets. They were
productive of everything except the
particular tickets that would let them
pass the inexorable man.
The crowd had melted away and
still no tickets. A look of despair
came over the doctor's face as, with
nervous fingers, he continued his
fruitless search.
"Vou must have them!"' frantically
exclaimed Louise as visions of
spending Christmas eve in that dismal, dirty station confronted her.
"I saw you take them up. You certainly didn't eat them!" They could
not miss this train. If they did it
meant waiting in that awful place
until two o'clock in the morning.
Louise could bear no more. She
made an energetic dive into the doctor's right hand trousers pocket. It
was a deep dive, too, for it brought
up in one efficient clutch everything
in the receptacle.
"Come on!" she called to her husband as she started for the gate.
She'did not loosen her grip on anything she had unearthed but waving
at the guard her tight shut hand with
thc tickets visible between her fingers, she dashed through the gate
and out on to the platform. Her
husband followed as fast as he could
with the luggage.
The train was already in motion
but Louise caught the hand of the
porter who fairly dragged her up the
steps. The doctor never knew how
he made it but somehow he tossed
thc bags on to the platform, clambered up, and fell in a heap over them.
"1 don't sec why I couldn't find
those tickets!" he remarked a bit
sheepishly as he slipped into his
seat facing Louise.
"A man never can find anything
even in his own pockets!" Her patience had about reached thc snapping point. "Hut it's all over," she
added struggling to recover her
poise. "We've certainly earned this
vacation," she added, "I'll not spoil
it by nagging about a thing that's
come out all right in the end."
II.���Misplaced Energy
She was one of those efficient, "officious women who never forget anything and in a difficult situation always bring things out all right.
Her husband was to take an early
train one morning. They lived at a
hotel, so he had his breakfast alone
and left the house. The unusual disturbance aroused her and banished
sleep so she decided that she might
as well get up and have a nice long
When she was nearly dressed, she
discovered her husband's glasses on
the table. "Now he will not bc able
to see a thing all day," she thought,
Glancing at the clock, she saw that
it was just ten minutes to train time.
Could she dress and get to the station, four blocks away, and so save
him discomfort? She thought of
a bell-boy, but the emergency would
not allow the loss of a single instant nor the chance of a mistake.
Here was the opportunity to show
what she could do, the opportunity
once more to demonstrate what a
desirable and perfect helpmeet she
. She finished dressing in far less
time than "a man thinks possible for
a woman. She fairly flew to thc
station and slipped through the gate
just as the last bell was ringing.
She dared not board the train, for
she knew it might start af any minute. Running along the* side of the
parlor car she saw him through the
window but she could not draw his
attention from the absorbing, newspaper.
Just then she discovered on the
platform bf the car ahead a, traveling man who, with his wife, boarded
at the same hotel and had rooms
across the hall from their own.
She waved her hands at him as she
caught his eye. Just as the train
started she reached him and handed
him the case, shouting:
"Here are my husband's glasses.
He's in the parlor car. Will you���'���'
but the train pulled1 away before she
could finish the sentence.
All the way back to the hotel she
patted herself on the back and
preened with satisfaction.
"Now, most women," she thought,
"would never have taken that trouble. They would have seen the
glasses and felt sorry that the husband had forgotten thein, but they
would have thought the time too
short to do anything about it. Hut
I never give up. If there is anything that ought to be done, I do
it and the more difficult it seems the
more determined it makes mc to
accomplish it. If all women hail
that kind of energy things would
go better."
Her early start left her a long
day so she went io the golf club and
spent the whole morning. When she
came in to luncheon the wife of the
travelling man who had come to her
aid was waiting for her as she
stepped off the elevator.
"What in the world did you do
with my glasses that I left in your
room last night?" she exclaimed. "I
haven't been able to sec a thing all
"Were those your glasses?" The
woman was shaken out of her self-
complacency for an instant, but immediately recovered. "I took them
down to the train and gave them to
your husband," she added laconically
and walked into her own room without further comment.
Famous Deportations of History
By N. H. Bowen
Deportation of the people of a
conquered or partially occupied
country is one of the very old customs
of which we have knowledge as existing among nations. Germany's policy toward the Belgians is therefore
nothing new, though il presents certain features which differentiate it
from most and perhaps all of tlie well
known deportations of history.
From the times when the men of
the stone age formed tribes and began to organize into what we now
term   nations,   men   have   seized   ami
Jews remained a factor in history for
centuries, their descendants being finally exterminated at Seleucia about 511
A. 1). by lhe Syrians and Greeks, who
united in a civil feud against (hem.
The deportation of the '-tribes of
Judah differed in some, essential particulars from the case of tbe Belgians, and was like it in others. Nebuchadnezzar's idea Was apparently,
in part, to remove a dangerous enemy
from the route lo Egypt, with which
country Babylon was almost continually  at   war.    Probably also he  was
ample, when Trajan wrested Ctesip-
hon from the Parthians. At times Italy in Roman times had three times
as many slaves as freemen, from
which one can easily argue that the
marvellous military accomplishments
oj the Roman republic and empire
would have been impossible but for
tllis system of involuntary servitude.
The Mohammedan peoples have never respected the right of the indivJ
idual to "life, liberty ami the pursuit
of happiness"���at any rate, if he was
an enemy, and particularly a dog of a
Christian. Fifty thousand prisoners
���mostly civilians���were taken when
Moliamma'n II captured Constantinople. Thousands were taken from every new land the Moslems conquered
in Iheir early rise to power, while in
the Ottoman Turks the policy of making defeated peoples win new victories for their triumphant foes has perhaps reached ils highest refinement of
cruelty and horror. For centuries the
famous janizaries, the corps d'elite of
the Ottoman armies, was recruited
very largely frorfi the Christian peoples of vanquished lands and many of
the greatest victories of the sultans
over   the   Christian   nations   between
the   thirteenth  and   seventeenth   cen-
tttries were won by Serbs. Bulgars,
Byzantines and Hungarians fighting
under the green banner Of li��c prophet. Christian mothers not only
bore children to be soldiers in those
days, but often for the fate of slaying
their own kin.
Al deportation   of  a   somewhat  dif
The photograph jhfflws diminutive Sister Joy, the IMve-ywir-old daughter Ot    Dr. <l A, MaoDfcnald,  feeling a
Jent's pulse.   The tiny rturse spends many busy days In the Duke ot llnmillon'w hospitHl al Dungavel.
made their conquered foes labor for
them. It seems to be generally
thought that the origin of human slavery was iu thc taking of captives in
war. This was doubtless llie conception of some master intellect of that
era���thc discovery that there was a
greater value in the captive alive, at'
labor for his captor, than dead. The
evolution of such a thought was, for
a cave man, a masterpiece of economics, for whose soundness the government of Germany can vouch for
today with all earnestness.
A familiar example of deportation
is the taking into captivity of the
Jews, one of the earliest cases of
which wc have detailed record. Eirst,
as we can recall from our Sunday
school study of thc scriptures, the
Assyrians took into exile the Ten
Tribes or inhabitants of the kingdom
f Samaria. This occurred in 722 II.
C��� and about 27,000 persons were involved, according to the biblical figures,
These captives, as is not at all
strange, were absorbed into thc races
of the Mesopotamian valleys, and lost
their identity, entirely. At least this
is the theory of most modern historical scholars, who fail to find any
ground for thc theory of the "Lost
Ten Tribes" escaping, and founding
a new nation in some other part of
the world.
The second Jewish captivity was
that of the other branch of thc race,
the kingdom of Judah, which was defeated in war by Nebuchadnezzar of
Babylon. In 597 B. C. that monarch
took Jerusalem, slew the royal princes
and blinded the king, Zcdekiah. He
took into exile nearly 10,000 selected
citizens, including those of higher
blood, artisans, soldiers, etc., but according to some accounts ,300.000 to
400.000 others as well. Still, wc are
told that he left the "poor people,"
who remained to till the soil and form
a nucleus for the re-establishment of
the nation about half a century later,
when Cyrus the Persian conquered
Babylon and set the Jews free. Not
all the exile! returned, however, some
having become too much attached to
their new home, and having probably
business interests which they did not
wish to abandon.    These  Babylonian
moved by economic reasons, for his
own people had suffered greatly by
waVs, and llie country needed re-peopling. The fact that the Jews were
not Ireated as slaves but as settlers
indicates the existence of this motive.
Of conrse the acquisition of a body
of agriculturists and artisans numbering many thousands operated in the
case of the Babylonians exactly as it
docs in the case of the Germans, by
releasing natives for the army. This
is frankly Ihe object of the Hermans
today, so. after all, we can see thai
human ideas haven't changed so marvellously during the centuries. In
passing it may be well to add that another reason for taking Belgian men
away from Belgium is that by such
action the Germans will need fewer
soldiers there, while in Germany or
in the war zones thc exiles can bc
watched easily by the military who
arc "on the job" anyhow. The Germans, also, give as a reason for their
policy that the Belgians can be better fed ,in Germany, though of course
this is not accepted as a sincere argument by thc allied nations.
In the continual wars waged by the
early Greeks aud Romans prisoners
were taken by hordes, and thc best
specimens, both fighting men and non
combatants, were usually enslaved
by their personal captors unless there
was reason for executing the hapless
captives. Among the Spartans the
slaves called helots, were owned by
the state, and were as s,even to one in
the population. These helots, however, were not only laborers but fought
as soldiers.
The Cologne GAZETTE scarcely-
had the helots in mind when it stated
recently that Germany 1* today approaching tllat condition in ahcient
Sparta when the state was everything
and the individual nothing. The GAZETTE evidently approved this development in Germany ��� what it
would think about the Spartan system
of slavery is another matter which
might  make   interesting  reading.
The Romans in their vast conquests
took many great cities and carried off
hordes of prisoners, many of them
civilians, just as the deported Belgians arc civilians. One hundred
thousand captives were taken, for cx-
ferent sort took place in Spain in
1609 and the succeeding years, when
by lhe "edict of Philip I I I most of the
million Moriscocs or converted
Moors in tne kingdom were torn from
their homes and driven into exile. The
religious element entered largely into
the mailer, lhe Spanish churchmen
charging, no doubt with a considerable degree of truth, that many of the
I Moriscocs were secretly faithful to
Islam. The archbishop of Valencia
!added fuel to the flames by attributing the defeat of the Greal Armada
by the English to the fact that God
was displeased with Spain because
she had been so lenient with the infidel Moors. Bledali a famous Dominican father, urged in all sincerity
that the whole remnant of tlje accursed people be put to death, as thus
only could thc stain he wiped otlt.
Whether Philip was too humane to
adopt this Xeronian course, or djd
not think public opinion would tolerate it, /.nay he questioned. At any
rate, exile was decided on. Thc alternative war hardly less cruel than
death would have been, for wc are
told that of one expedition of 140,-
000 that was sent to Africa. 100,000
perished  of disease  and  hunger.
The deportation of the Moriscocs
was not regarded as -economic question by the Spaniards, excepting that
some were doubtless jealous of the
"heretics'" prosperity. Unlike the
modern Germans, Philip and his advisors did not appreciate the necessity of having workmen as well as
soldiers, or they would not thus have
gotten rid of the best class of farmers
aud artisans in the kingdom.
A case of deportation which comes
much nearer home to Americans than
any of those mentioned is the exiling
of the people of Acadia in 1755. This
Nova Scotian province of New France
had once before* been conquered by
the English and their colonial allies,
only to be turned back to France, but
when it was again seized at the opening of the French and Indian war, the
authorities in London and America
thought it dangerous to leave the
French settlers there as a menace to
thc future peace of the frontier. Moreover, the English coveted their land,
so a- total of some 6,000 or 7,000,
mostly harmless folk-who desired on
ly to be left in peace, were harshly
taken away and scattered among the
llritish colonics along the Atlantic
from .Maine to the Carolinas. Only
among the Hugenots of the latter
colonies did they find a warm welcome, for the northern colonists regarded them as inspirers of Indian
raids and moreover, as bigoted papists. In fact, it may be remarked
that the British chief justice of Nova
Scotia, in edciding judicially that they
be deported, referred to t-hein as re-
bels and popish recusants.
ll is not a pleasant thing for Americans to remember that it was not
merely England that was guilty of
this act, Massachussets and the other
colonies had a hand iu it, and the deed
was doubtless generally approved in
llritish America of that day as "an
act of military necessity"���a term
with which we are tolerably familial-
nowadays. Later on, after the Revolutionary War, it became the custom for American historians to deplore the affair and speak of it as
being the. work of lhe cruel British
alone���a piece of hypocrisy not, unfortunately, without parallel iu the
recounting of our national deeds by
various scribes of earlier and later
times alike.
One important difference between
the Acadian deportation and that of
the Belgians is that of the former was
permanent, and was frankly intended
to bc such, while Germany has not
indicated and doubtless has no desire
that the telgfans be permanently exi
patriatcd. g
There is another example of deportation of immediate interest to Americans���the removal of the Indians
from one section of the country *o
another, and their final exile to the
trans-Mississippi, where they are now
gradually losing the land which was
allotted  them  after  their  last  hegira.
There arc still alivi* in Michigan
people who can remember when the
last of tlic red men residing in the
southern'half of the state were removed west of the Mississippi, and will
tell you how regular soldiers with
fixed bayonets drove the pitiful processions of exiles on the overland
route toward Chicago and the far
As to thc nations of today, the one
guilty of the greatest number of deportations of doubtless Russia, though
these have, strictly speaking, all been
within her own territory.
These are by no means the only
cases that might be cited of involuntary exile suffered by masses of population. History is full uf them. It
will be noted, however, that none of
those mentioned presents a clear parallel with the deportation of lhe Belgians. There has, apparently, been
116 exact precedent, and so far as international law is concerned, most of
llie instances mentioned date back to
times when there was no recognized
code for thc government Of international affair.-.
The particularly repellant feature of
the German policy is lhat it forces
men to do work which may. even
though indirectly, cause their kinsmen's death. It is not possible to
draw a very fine distinction between
forced labor of this kind and thc impressing of Serb children as Janizaries to slay their brothers.
Phone Highland 137
Grandview Hospital
VANCOUVER     ���     B.C.
Medical : Surgical  : Maternity
Rites  from  $15.00  per  week
Estd. 1904.       Phone High. 285
from our factory at Vernon, B.C.
Also,    New    Season's    LULU
into the finest
Sauer Kraut
at  our   Vancouver   factory.
BX. Vinegar Works
1365-7   Powell' St.,  Vancouver.
Mrs. Chappell is spending a few
'days' holiday at Victoria.
* * *
Mr. J. W. Miller is spending a
short holiday in Victoria.
* * *
' Mr.  and   Mrs.   Charles  Simons  are
spending a few days in Victoria.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. J. G. I,. Abbott are
spending a few days in Victoria.
* * *
Mrs. R Jennings has gone over to
Victoria for a few days' holiday.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. T. Kilpatrick of Revelstoke, are spending the holidays at
thc coast.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. Harry I.ipsctt of
Prince Rupert, B. C, spent Christmas
in town.
* * *
Mrs. Cowie of Prince George spent
the   holiday   visiting   with   friends   in
this city.
* * *
Mr. T. J. Corwin of Mcrriti, B. C���
spent the holiday with his family in
this city.
* * +
Mr. and Mrs. M. C. Smith came
down from Chilliwack for a few days
last week.
tt tt tt
Nearly two hundred children who
are in thc care of thc Catholic Children's Aid society were given a happy
Christmas, each receiving a parcel of
clothing, candy and toys.
.Mr. and Mrs. Stanley Evans of Penticton, are on a two weeks visit to the
coast cities.
* * *
Miss Grierson of ('.rand Forks
spent the holiday visiting with friends
in Vancouver.
Mr. and Mrs. Bert Bell of Xanaimo spent the holiday visiting with
friends in  Vancouver.
v   :   ���
Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Elliott of this
city were amongst the Christmas
visitors in  Victoria.
* .< tt
Miss Nellie Rogers of the Normal
school, is spending the holidays at
her home in Xanaimo.
Captain Percy A. Godenrath and
Mrs. Godenrath have arrived in the
city from Prince Rupert.
* * *
Mrs. E. II. Ilobart has left to join
her husband in Nelson, I',. C. where
they will remain for some time.
^ * *
Mrs. J. Robertson of Revelstoke is
spending the Christinas holidays visiting with friends in Vancouver.
Mrs. C. Deering of Duncan, I!. C,
i-, spenidng a few days in Victoria,
where she is a guest at the Empress
ft * *
A happy Christmas day was spent
by the children of the Alexander orphanage, each receiving gifls from a
Christmas tree.
Mr. Frank Ayearst of the Dominion
bank staff spent the Christmas holi-
ady in Abbotsford as the guest of
Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Boyd.
* * *
Her   Excellency,   the   Duchess     of
Devonshire has consented to become
honorary president of the Montreal
Foundling and Baby hospital.
* * *
Mrs. A. lv Hartley with her daughter  is  over  from   Seattle  for  a  visit
with her mother, Mrs. Blackburn, 921
I'cnder street west.
Mr. Charles .Macdonald, who underwent a slight operation in the General hospital, will not be able to leave
liis room until after the Xew Year.
* ^ ft
Mr. aud Mrs. Robert Butler and
Miss Butler of Victoria are visiting
with relatives iu town, and expect to
remain until after the  Xew  Year.
t: *. *
Mr aud Mrs. J. S. Clute of New
Westminster spent the Christmas holiday iu Victpfia, where they were the
guests of their daughter, Mrs. C. J.
tt ft tt
Mr. and Mrs. J. \V. Langley of
Can ford, I!. C. have come to thc city
lo stay for the rest of the winter and
have taken up their residence at
Glencoe Lodge.
* tt +
A wealthy Italian widow of New
Haven, L'. S. A., has completed her
twentieth   return   trip   to   Italy,   since
August,   1914,   in   order   to   see     her
fiance,  an  Italian  cavalry  lieutenant.
* * *
At  a   special   wur  >aI(.  a,   Bomba
-rgamzed by Lady W.llingdon, i��� aid
'" *,;e Somen's War Fund, a sum of
��* lakhs oi rupees .S,20(.,400) was
raised, more ,ha��� ,l���uM, ���,,. an]rn|m
"> the greatest previous effort, which
'WS largely due lo the support of In-
'���'-"' Princes and cotton merchants.
* �� *
Mil* Eva Spinks, a graduate of St
, c " *W��*-��l Victoria, who has
heen selected as one of ,|,c six pro.
���essv.na nurses fro,,, British Colum-
"a "' be d----f'ed immediately f���r
overseas service,  was in  the city for
I sll,"rt tow la" ��*��� �� route to
>e home ,��� Grand Forks for , short
farewell visit.
t * *
Mrs, fireman wishes to thank the
'''any fr.ends who sent their kind
"���-sages of sympathy i��� ���,c Iurm of
letter, or flowers on account of the
Oeath of her mother, Mrs. Machin.
* * ���
The regular whist drive and dance
of the > ork8h,re 80ciety wi)| be he)d
on Thursday night at 8.45 o'clock at
Cotillion h.,11, Davie street.
* * ��
Mr. ). R, V. Dunlop, honorary secretary-treasurer, Returned Soldiers-
cub, begs to acknowledge with thanks
the sum ot $236.65, being the proceeds front raffle of doll, doll's clothing, doll's chairs and buggy, donated
Tor this purpose by Miss Ella Louise
Angell of 821 Bute street, and raffled
^ Mrs. J. 0. Hay of thc Felix apartments.
���MBMaMMMMMMWi    i mmmmmmkmmmkmmmmkmmmakwukWa^k^mmkwmmm
Commences on TUESDAY,
January 2nd
See full particulars of Sale in Saturday evening papers
(TfiVfiudsons Bay (Tompam.
No  woman   would  be  clever  if she
could be anything else.    Brains never
yet aid as well as beauty.
tt tt *
The modern debutante knows too
much and wears too little, in contrast
to her elder sister, who wore too
much and knew too little.
A woman is the horseshoe through
which a man's luck runs out.
.- * *
If Speech were given to us to conceal our thoughts, then in tlie same
way clothes were given to women to
reveal themselves.
* * fi
The clever girl makes sure of her
love route before asking ihe uay.
* + *
The girl who is as pretty as paint
generally .does paint.
* ft ft
It is better to make mistakes than
not io live at all.
* * *
This may bc a wicked world, .but
there isn't even a bishop anxious to
leave it.
tt f. ^
The only antidote to love is mar'
riage���or  to love another one.
* ft *
Morals arc all very well, but the
present day appearances are e1. c.** -
Silent heroes are not all dead ones
some are married.
���-:��� :���   ���
What lhe eye cannol sec thoughts
can suggest.
jNompoMrn WTO
WB-K-trMMtWOt gMCOjUmjgU*,
Where   in   Force,   It   Has   Effected
Highest Ideals of Political Life,
Asserts Writer
Advising that "The women of Canada should organize al once." in the
cause of suffrage; selling forth the
necessity for ihis. lhe sound common
sense of il: quoting examples of success where the experiment has been
tried. Frank Egerton, in a recent issue of "I'.y erywomau's World,"
comes forth with probably the mosl
practical views on Equal Suffrage yel
advanced by a member of the male
Afier outlining thc recent negligences in Canada's political life, thc
writer continues:
"What is needed is a large addition to thc present list of voters, consisting of persons who have never enjoyed the privilege of the franchise
and who arc untrammelled by past
political connections. This infusion
of new biood can be obtained by extending the franchise to women, an
innovation which would surely act
as an effective antidote to the existing poisonous condition of political
corruption. This idea has not been
evolved from the realms of fantasy���
it is suggested by reasons of sound
common-sense. It is only logical to
assume that those who have not already played with pitch are less likely to be defiled than those who have:
and having witnessed the results of
thc pastime and the discomfiture of
the players, they will take particularly
Store opens at 8.30 a.m. and closes at 6 p.m.
The January Sale of Fine
Muslin Undergarments
Commences Next TUESDAY. Full particulars
of which will appear in the Daily Papers on,
Saturday of this week.
575 Granville Street
Phone Sey. 3540
good  care   to  keep  their  own   hands
"Consideration of business advantages to be obtained from prospective political candidates would not be
likely to influence women to any extent, as thc majority of them are not
engaged in business. Besides, as the
average woman lias a higher conception of morality than the average man,
it is only reasonable to expect that
they would insist on political morality.
"In countries where equal suffrage
is in force, the highest ideals of political life exist, legislative competency
prevails,   briber;-   and   corruption   are
almost unknown, and measures of social welfare and general progress are
the order of the day.
"Lord Dudley, late Governor-General of Australia, and a former Viceroy of Ireland, declared on his return
to England that Australian politics
were tlie purest in the world; and
that country enjoys universal suffrage.''
Crawford: Dili you have any regular schedule when you went on your
motoring tour?
Crabshaw: Oh. no, we just naturally stopped wherever the car happened to have its breakdown.
Lady Alexander Tree Is shown In this photograph auctioning off bunches
of grapes to raise funds for the British Red Cross. Miss Ellaline Terris Is selling baskets of fruit.
H For PRINTING ��� THE STANDARD ��� Sey. 470 fl ntt-W" ��� ������
i _jg>.
Sandy Has a Toast for
the  Front
the Boys at
Weel freens. anither wheen' short
hours 'II see the last o' 1916. Wha o'
us '11 be able tae look back on it wi'
ony sigh o' regret?
* * *
The war has went through three
Hogmanays���an' black as wis the twa
previous yins���yet they werenie a
patch on the yin that is sae close.
* it.    ft
Mony a true hert an' brave has been
laid awa in a sodgcr's grave "Somewhere in France"���an' their mithers
an' dauchters an' sisters an' brithers,
while murilin' the dathe o' their loved
yin, ha'e an interest in the war saicond tae nane in (heir determination
tae see that their laddie's life hasnie
been spent needlessly.
*' * *
Hogmanay is aye associated wi' a
great deal o' happiness an' guid felly ship.
* * ft       t
Tae hear some o' they English fellies talk aboot Christmas an' their
celebratin' o' it wud gie a fellie a sair
stumick. It wud seem as if some o'
they fellies only wey o' celebratin' is
by over-eatin' themsels.
* * '.
Tae them the main objeck in the
world is as tae hoo they can gorge
themsels���an' for the next day or
twa efter Christmas they go aboot wi'
a sort o' martyred expression on their
face���meanin' tae imply that they had
done their duty tae the occasion an'
had upheld thc dignity o' dear auld
i fi fi
Contrast the difference wi' a Scotsman celebratin' the incomin' o' the
New Year. The last thing aScottic
thinks aboot at that time is eatin'.
Wi' a bottle in his hip an' a (the rest
of this  paragraph  is  censored.���Ed.)
* * *
The wcy some o' they bally ITcng-
lishmen talk aboot Christmas an' turkey wud almost mak a fellie flee tae���
tae���tae     weel,   tae   somethin'
stronger than gee, I wunner what
they'll invent in the shape o' somethin' tae celebrate wi' roon aboot
Hogmanay when they introduce that
prohibeeshon measure? It's aye like
they Henglishmen, if they had left
the stuff alane an' stuck tae their
roast beef an' turkey there wud hae
been nae need for prohibitin' thc best
maidicine in the world.
ft fi ft
Scotties the world owre aye look
forrit tae Hogmanay nicht, an' I'll
bet yae onything there's a lot o' brave
fellies in the trenches '11 hae thochts
that nicht o' the mony plaisant Hog-
monays spent in the days beyond recall. N
* * *
There'll be mony a silent toast
honored  this year,    freens.      Toasts
lhat'11 bring the saut tear tae mony
a lubber's e'e���some drank in hope,
an' ithers again wi' nae hope, but wi'
the prood knowledge tucked awa' in
her -hert that her laddie had proved
himsel a man an' had done his duty iu
thc cause o' common humanity,
* * *
An' jist al this time when oor fellies are beginnin' tae get intae their
stride, efter bein' ootnumbercd an'
withoot proper support frae thc artillery, when they arc beginnin' tae
feci  maisters  o'  th<__^situation,  rflong
comes what���a  whine    for  Peace
frae the cowardly Hun! Peace���yes,
I wud gie tlie beggars peace. I wud
fill the murderers fu' o' Henglish
plum puddin' an' gie them a bottle o'
Johnnie Walker tae wash it doon.
But 1 wud pit jist sufficient rat pizin
in it tae keep them in amusement,
while oor boys gien them some o' the
peace they're entitled tae.
ft tt #
1 wudnie min' the loss o' the pud-
din' but I wud kin' o' grudge that
wee drap o' the cratur.
* * *
Hooever, frcens, I wisnie at a' surprised tae hear the beasts howl for
peace. ,It's the usual trick o' a bully
an' coward when he sees he's met a
fellie that's his match.
* * *
An' then tae think that the "great''
American people, through thc agency
o' their president, should be sae ignorant o' the common decencies o'
civilization as tae mak the astoundin'
statement that he didnie think there
wis muckle atween the twa contend-
in' pairties!
* * *
A man that can see his fellie countrymen murdered in cauld blood on
thc high seas an' thinks that a Note
tae the murderers is sufficient punishment cannie hae ony very minute
ideas on ordinary common justice.
I saw,-a guid cartoon in/yin o' thc
Eastern papers the ithcr day wliich
aptly hits off the situation. It depicted "Uncle. Sam" in his usual uniform,
but wi' a grcat big fat corporashon.
Thc legend ran: Last year I wis too
prood tae fecht; noo I'm too fat tae
* * *
��� It's plain tae be seen frae thc tone
o' thc Presidential message that the
Hyphenates in the States'are gettin'
in their dirty work. As I ha'e said
afore, I hae a great respect for the
Americans as a people; I ken there's
lots o' them, in fact the huge majority
o' them, wud gledly gie their President a free haund tae deal wi' the cowardly Hun.
* * *
The President's message is an insult tae cvery Canadian sodger���an'
a bigger  insult  tae  the mothers that
bore them.
* * *
Weel freens, yince again I wish yae
a richt happy New Year, an' may a'
guid fortune attend you an' yours in
the days tae come.
* * *
But thc best an,' the hertiest toast
will be reserved for the boys who are
fechtin' for us on the grim battlefields o' France. May they be blessed
wi' the best o' guid luck an' may they
a' be ..pared tae "carry on"' until
they ha'e feenished the job they set
oot tae due Every yin o' them are
Is the Toast o'
The following letter was refused
publication by the editor of the
December 25th, 1916.
The Editor,
Dear Sir,
Workmen's Compensation Act
In your issue of Sunday last there
is a brief editorial on the subject of
the new Workmen's Compensation
Act. Your argument against the insurance companies is so unjust that
1 cannot help making a reply in the
hope that you will show me the usual courtesy of publishing it.
You say that in effect that you hope
Mr. Brewster will not invite "the
casualty insurance companies to drop
in and take some commissions out of
the business," and then you add ���
"We have done our best to brace |iim
up to resist the influence of 'he private corporations."
You surely do not mean to contend
that the casualty insurance business
would bc more efficiently and more
economically administered by several
commissioners -without experience
than by insurance underwriters who
have devjted many years of laborious
study and practice to thc business.
being run by a butcher, a druggist or
a political lawyer with no knowledge
of the newspap^r'business. Ho*v long
last if that were the case?
That is exactly the situation in regard to the state administration of
casualty insurance, and I do not think
that thc editor ef the NEWS-ADVERTISER or any other intelligent
business man can gainsay the fact.
Furthermore, as the insurance fund
will, be politically administered, there
is the additional hazard of claims being paid for political expediency.
Look at our neighbors across the
line. It is-not so very long since thc
Washington state fund was looted by
a bunch of political gamblers, and today (even ignoring altogether the
grotesquely inadequate capital reserves for pensions) there is a deficit of
Ah, but what about those horrid insurance commissions! I am sure you
are fair enough to admit that it takes
money to run any business and it
makes no difference .whether you call
lhat expenditure commissions, salaries, or any other name. Claims have
to be settled, a large number of claim
adjusters have to bc employed, books
and statistics have to bc kept, employers' payrolls have to be audited,
plants have to be inspected and other
A National (all fr Information!
t. What ia your full name ? _    2. How old ars you ? ...*...
3. Where do you live?    Province..
4. Name of city, town, 1
village or Port Office f	
Street  Number...
10. How much time have you lost \
in last 12 months from sickness ? / -."- _-
11. Have you full uaeof your arms? -.., ���	
12. Of your \*qs?    13. Of your tiflht?...
14. Of your hearing?	
6. In what country   \
were you born?  /	
6. In what country was J
your father born?  \ ,	
7. In what country was \
your mother born? j���._ ������..	
fi. Were you bom a British subject 7...
9. If not, are you naturalized 7	
15. Which ar* you���married, \
single or a widower?      /...
' 16. How many persons besides)
yourself do you support? /...
17. WhkUrfjSpW. working at for a living?...
18. Whomdryou work for?.
19. Have you a trade or profession? *  20. If to, what?
21. Are yoLt working now?.. ���,..    22. It not, why? -.
23. Would, you be willing to change your present work for other necessary
24. Are you willing, If your railway fare is paid, to leave where you now live,
work at the same pay during the war? ���	
, and go to some other place in Canada to do such work ?...
JHi^^tir Answers on the Card
^ilfiej^^Hi will shortly receive
1*Kci ifetlim Promptly It is Obli^atorj/f
Youthful  American Virtuosis
PRICES: Matinees, 15c; Evening, 15c and 25c.
Phone Sey. 3406
duties have to be attended tn incidental in tlic administration of the
business. All this work has to bc done
whether the government decides to
try the experiment 'or whether Mr.
lircwster decides in his wisdom upon
the logical cniirse of allowing the insurance companies to administer the
act and use the organizations which
they have established after so many
years of labor and energy. All this
work lias to bc paid for either in salaries, commissions or allowances of
some kind. The cost of this work
will be as high to the government as
the percentage of commissions will
be to Ihe insurance companies under
tbe new Act. Then why this aspersion on insurance companies on account of commissions?
1 go further and say that tbe cost
to the government will be much
greater because experience has shown
that the administration of state departments is inseparably bound up
with costly red tape and expensive official ineptitude. Be that as it may,
the Insurance companies have offered
to compete with the government.    If
llie government can do Ihc business
cheaper than the insurance companies; there should surely be nu objection to allowing lhe insurance companies lhe privilege of competing because if the government can really
du lhe business cheaper all the business will naturally go tu lhe state
fund. But thc vigorous apologists
for tbe state plan all seem afraid of
the competition of the insurance
companies, because they feel in tlieir
bones that the insurance com^afiies,
being thc logical insurers, would transact the business more efficiently,
more economically and with more
general satisfaction to employer and
employee and would consequently get
the bulk of tbe business. If a sober-
minded, hard-headed, astute and cau-
tiuus business man like Mr. Brewster
is in doubt as tu which system is
preferable, the most sensible and the
must reasonable course is to try both
the stale plan and the insurance companies concurrently and let the winning system remain the permanent
one.���Yours, etc.,.
The Courtroom Girls, the feature
act for thc coming bill at Pantages
theatre, is a big girlie musical comedy, as the name signifies, which features in additiun to the eight girls in
the churns, Mr. Robert .Milliken, Ruth
Francis, and .Mr. Herbert Bruske, a
trio of entertainers wdiose reputation
for this class of amusement is par
excellence. To burden an act of this
nature with a plot is almost fmre
foolishness, but evidently the author
of the playlet lias been as foolish as
a fox, for there is an unquestionably
real live plot interwoven throughout*
Ihe "lines. This bas not detracted
frum the production's ability to entertain, however, if anything adding
a zest and delightfulness which is
missing from tbe average musical
comedy offering. Tbe scene is set
in a courtroom, with the usual order
of things nearly reversed. There is
a woman judge, women attorneys,
and in fact all the officers of thc court
are girls. Tbe two comedians take
the part of prisoners and it is rumored that they give the part a realis-
ticness which savors of past experiences in similar fixes. They are accredited with being inordinately comical,
however, the music of the offering is
said to bc splendid, the scenic settings and thc costumes everything
possible, and in fact tbe whole to form
a very attractive and desirable vaudeville attraction.
Daniels and Conrad arc heralded as
being the big bits of the bill by means
of their unusual abilities upon a piano and a violin.
The .Four Cook Sisters and the
Four T'ortia Sisters, with three or
four girls in the rest of the acts, make
up the remaining feminity of the bill,
and, assists to give this programme
the reputation of being one of the-
most complete "Chicken" programs
Which has been in the city for some
* * *
The mention uf "Pianofore," "Mikado," and the "Pirates of Penzance"
is to call to mind the Golden era of
light opera, when the music was melodious and harmonious and the words
were original and magical.
The plot of "lolanthe," the most
picturesque of the Gilbert and Sullivan operas, is so whimsical and imaginary that it lends itself admirably
to the clever satire and humor of the
Gilbertian style. The lines have many
a comical twist that causes a spontaneous laugh when least expected.
The** House of Peers in robes aiid
costumes of the Georgian period, the
fairies with their delicate costumes
and wings, with new and appropriate
scenery,   will    afford     staging -most
That thc acting and staging will be
most satisfactory is assured by Harold Xelson Shaw's established reputation as a stage director. He has
been working for several weeks to
assure success in ihis part of the production.
Mr. Frank Wrigley will be conductor and this is a guarantee' of the
correct interpretation of the music.
The enlarged orchestra is under Ihe
leadership uf Oscar P. Ziegler. The
advance sale is very large and the
public will have another opportunity
to observe the excellence of local talent.
Miss Blanche Xadeau will sing the
soprano part of "Phyllis" on Monday
and Tuesday evening; Miss Ethel
Beswick, T...A.13., will sing the same
part at Monday matinee and on Wednesday evening.
* * *
Five national capitals which always
support grand opera such as the Metropolitan in New York, have closed
their doors and innumerable concert
tours have been cancelled. Many
"song birds" have gladly accepted the
offers made them to go into vaudeville. Among these is Mr. Orville
Harold, the great American tenor.
Vaudeville is not entirely new to Mr.
Harold., Gus Edwards, composer of
popular songs, first discovered the
timbre of Mr. Harold's voice, and
signed a long contract with him. Mr.
Harold was a member of the Oscar
Hammertein aggregation in the days
of the Xew York Manhattan Opera
Company. He will be heard here in
repertoire at thc Orpheum next week.
address is Alert Bay P. O., B. C, will
apply for a license to take and use 600
cubic feet per minute of water out o%
an unknown stream, but of which the
proposed name is Jackson's Creek, which
flows southwesterly and drains into
Margarite Bay at the easterly end thereof and at or near the southeast corner
of pre-emption record No. -13-1. The
water will be diverted from the stream
at a point on said stream about 100
feet above sea level, and will be used
for industrial and power purposes upon
the land described as pre-emption record
No. 434, Coast District, Range 2, commencing at the Northeast corner of preemption No. 423 thence East 40 chains:
thence south 40 chains: thence west 40
chains; thence north 40 chains to point
of commencement. This notice was
posted on the ground on the 13th of
November, 1916. A copy of this notice
and an application pursuant thereto and
to the "WMer Act, 1914" will be filed in
the office of the Water Recorder at Vancouver, B. C. Objections to the application may be filed with the said Water
Recorder, or with the Comptroller ot
Water Rights, Parliament Buildings,
Victoria, B. C. within thirty days after
the first appearance of this notice in a
local newspaper. The date of the first
publication of this notice is the ninth day
of December, A.D. 1916.
Chambers Packing Company, Limited,
By  Robert Chambers,
-AKE NOTICE tliat at the expira-
L n of one calendar month from the-
first publication hereof. COMMERCIAL,
LUMBER & SHINGLE COMPANY LIMITED will apply to the Registrar of
Joint Stock Companies for permission
to change its name to ALLEN-
DATED ttt the City of Vancouver In
the Province of British Columbia, this
23rd day of November, A.D.  1916.
Solicitors for
Dec. 2-9-16-23-30
SEALK-J TENDERS, addressed lo
the undersigned, will be received it
ibis pfflce until 4 p.m. on the ir,th if
January, 1917, for Ihe supplying of gun
licence budges lor lhe year 1917. Full
particulars   as   to   number   and   uuulilv
can ba obtained by-application to thia
office. Lowest nr any tender not necessarily accepted,
I*rov"nclal Game Warden.
Court   House   Vancouver,   IJ.   C.
I.AM>   REGISTRY   ACT.     s
(Sections 36 and  134.)
tie   Appliclttlun   No.   29868   '1'
TAKE NOTICE that application has
been made to register George Walker
Kerr as owner in lee under a Tax
Sale Deed I rom Collector ol' the Corporation uf th,.. District ol' South Van*-
couver. bearing date the 17th day .,f
October, 1911), uf ALL A.M) SINGULAR
that certain parcel.or tract of lana and
premises situate, lying and being in
the Municipality of South Vancouver,
more particularly known and described mm Lot Four (4), lllock Two (2),
District Lot Seven Hundred and Fifteen (71.*,), Map 2780. You are required to contest the claim of the tax
purchaser within 15 days from the.
date of the service of this notice
(which may be effected by Five (.'.)
publications hereof in a .South Vancouver weekly newspaper), and your
attention Is called to section 3(1 of tho.
"Land Registry Act" with amendments,
and to the following extract therefrom:���"and in default of a caveat
or certificate of lis pendens being filed
before the registration as owner or
the person entitled under such tax
sale, all persons so served with notice,
. . . and those claiming through op
under them, nnd all persons claiming*
any Interest In the land by virtue of
any unregistered instrument, and all
persons claiming any interest In the
land by descent whose title is not
registered under the provisions of this
Act, shall be for ever estopped and
debarred from setting up any claim
to or in respect of the land so sold
for taxes and the Registrar shall register the person entitled under such
tax sale as owner of the land so sold
for  taxes."
AND WHEREAS application has
been made for a Certificate of Indefeasible Title to the above-mentioned:
lands. In the name of George Walker
Kerr, AND WHEREAS on Investigating the title it appears that prior to
the 23rd day of July, 191.1 (thc date,
on which the said lands were sold for
overdue taxes), you, Magoba Komirso,
were the assessed owner thereof, and
you, C. Aslkura, were the holder of are
unregistered agreement for sale, FURTHER TAKE NOTICE that at the same,
time I shall effect registration In pursuance of such application and Issue a.
Certificate of Indefeasible Title to the.
said lands in the name of George Walker Kerr unless you take and prosecute the proper proceedings lo establish your claim, If any, to the said
lands, or to prevent such, proposed action on my pari.
Dated at Ihe Land Registry Office,
Vancouver, B, C., this 2nd day of December, A.D., 1916.
District Registrar of Titles.
To Mngoba  Komirso and C. Aslkurn.
The date nf the first publication oC
this notice Is 9th December, 191i:
TAKE NOTICE that George Selby B.
l'erry.    nf   Vancouver,    newspaperman*
intends   lo   apply    I'or    permission    to
lease   the  following described   lands:
Commencing al a post planted at the
mouth nf a small creek on the south
shore of Hecate Island about one mile
from the south-west angle of that island, thence north eighty chains,
thence .west eighty chains, thence.
south eighty chains, thence east eighty
chains, to the point nf commencement,
640 acres more or less.
DATED  November  9,   1916.
Vancouver i.axd district
district of coast
TAKE NOTICE that George Selby B.
Perry, of Vancouver, newspaperman.
Intends to apfily I'or permission to
lease  the  following described  lands:
Commrncing al a post planted at tho
mouth of a small creek on the south
shore of Hecate Island, about one milo
from the south-west angle of that
island, thence north eighty chains,
thence east eighty chains, thence south
eighty chains, thence- west eighty
chains, to the point of commencement,
640 acres more or less,
DATED November 9, 1916.
TAKE NOTICE that George Selby B.
Perry,   of Vancouvor,   newspaperman.
Intends   to   apply    for    permission    to
lease  the  following described  lands:
Commencing at a. post planted ona
mile north of thc mouth of a small
creek on the south shore of Hecate
Island, about one mile rrom the southwest angle of that island, thence north
eighty chains, Ihence east eighty
chains, thence south eighty chains,
thence west eighty ehnlns, lo the point
of commencement, 6411 acres more or
DATED  November  9,   1916.
. TAKE NOTICE that George' Selby B.
Perry, of Vancouver, newspaperman,
intends to apply for permission to
lease the  following described   lands:
Commencing at a post planted on tho
west shore of Hocate Island, south of
a small bay, thence east eighty chains,
thence south eighty * chains, thence
west eighty chains, thence north
eighty chains to the point of commencement. 640 acres more or less.
DATED November 9, 1916.
TAKE NOTICE that George Selby B.
Perry,    of  Vancouver,    newspaperman,
intends   to   apply    for    permission    to
lease the  following described   lands:
Commencing at a post planted one
mile east of a post planted on the west
shore of Hecate Island, south of a
small bay, thence east eighty chains,
thence south eighty chains, thenco
west eighty chains, thence north
eighty chains to the point of commencement, 640 acres more or less.
DATED November 9, 1916.
TAKE NOTICE that George Selby B.
Perry,   of  Vancouver,   newspaperman,
intends   to   apply    for   permission    to
lease the following described  lands:
Commencing at tt post planted on tho
west shore of Hecate island, south of
a small bay, thence east eighty chnins.
thence north eighty chains. thenco
west eighty chains, thence south
eighty chains, to the place of commencement, 640 acres more or less.
/ DATED November 9, 1916.
'""  -   ���-������'�����'*'-Jit'-,! SATURDAY, DECEMBER 30.  1916
will be the Tea to which you will pin your faith for'
You will be so pleased with results you will continue with Nabob for years to come.
Memoirs of the Count Maxey Crowe
How P. A. O'Farrell brought succor to a friend from
Kootenay at the Waldorf in New York in the days of
the Rossland. Boom.
The Count Bets all spare money on M. A. Macdonald and
Wins, but "How Will Brewster run the Government
without a Jew or an Irishman in the Cabinet?"
pockets.   But there's lots of bums at the Waldorf and hot
so vise as the Crowe boy.
ft "So with 20 cents I buy a shave;   with 10 cents a shoe
ft "I haf 5 cents over and what will I get?   Noodles?-   Get
away with you.   A coffee is 5 cents.   A cij^ar is also 5 cents.
' flip the 5 cent-* in the air and it comes down cigars.   So
I find I'm a bum, yuh see, so I go to a place where a cigar
is 2 for 5 cents.   And 1 get 2 cigars.
f  "Then I swing into lhe Waldorf and start on my cigar for
breakfast.    Pretty hard luck for the Crowe boy and no
fKHERE STEPPED into the rotunda of the Vancouver triends nearer than *Sp<fone.
W a tall, dignified gentleman, witli the moustache of a '   "',m S,ttin?. "' a ''>' d'-"'' i'1'', See' ,],ke a "1'n������:!"'<*-
duke, the carriage of a general and the clothes of   a   Wall sl11*'k*"tf -">' lmk' - ���'"' ;i ��. which would taste better m a
Street financier.   The revolving doors slowly spun about f!���.tian '" a. s.mok<r    B", " ,,n"ks ,lkc a,c��?ar a,ul ''m
'1...1! 1 11 kiddin myself it is a cigar. I m down on mv luck and broke,
1 1 stately style as they closed behind him am
porters rushed to assisl iln* distinguished-lookin    gentle
nivs ant
���     without a cent, and I'm in a bad way, when suddenly the
! Crowe boy looks up.
*   h ww i-it,. ;,. ti,.. -, r,,.,-,,    ,,   f  1   .,��� ,, 1 1.1    t"      _. 1  "So help my gods, I see who should come in the door but
11 was late in tiie atternoon 01 election day and the Count!..
Maxey Crowe, having wagered heavilv all dav mi the re-
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Lines
C. E.
. Jenney, G. A. P. D.
Phone:   Sey. 8134
W. 0. Connolly, C. P. F. A.
327  Grin vill.  Street
"North by West in the Sunlight"
Eight Vessels "8" in Regular Service
Apply to our Publicity Department for brochures "Outward Round"
and "North by West in the Sunlight," and particulars on Special Fares,
Hotel Accommodation and Tariffs, etc.
Take Car to Columbia Avenue Phone Seymour 306
Wanted   to   hear   from   owner   of
gootl farm for sale. ��� Northwestern
Business Agency, \finneapolis, Minn.
fl What is nicer than to hear your friend's voice
conveying to you the best wishes of the season?
The telephone gives effect to that intimacy
which is the whole basis of social relations.
fl Call your friends by telephone, and extend
greetings verbally. The telephone will take you
far or near.
turn ni Macdonald, lounged in his chair, waiting for the
returns to come in, whiling away the time boasting to a cou-
] Ie "i friends oi the merits of the men the Ivootenays had
given llie public life of B. ('.. and of the exploits of the politicians ni Kootenay in the year** gone by. Was not M, A.
Macdonald I'nmi Kootenay? (Jn that ground alone the
Count was prepared to bark him to the last ditch.
'i The Count raised his head and presently opened his eves
to catch sight of the distinguished-looking gentleman apparently from the east, who. gold-headed cane over arrtr,
was now inscribing a name upon the register beneath the
beneficent smile of .Mr. Heck.
Classified Advertising
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, 4f
Hasting* St. E., and 782 Granville
Street. Vancouver, B. C
wanted to clean and repair at the
factory, 438 RICHARDS STREET
Wad there ever a politician yet who
wouldn't promise anything when he
was out of power? That's not a conundrum: it's just a question propounded out of the vast experience of
a mis-spent life.
* * *
"Strange, Mary doesn't have any
offers! She'd make some man a good
"Yes, but the trouble is everyone
knows she'd make him a good husband, too."
This week's despatch states thai Germany reported to Washington thai she
torpedoed the Arabia because she was a troopship. Notice these piotures jusl
arrived front England*. The upper (topi picture shows the vessel close at hand,
and the little inset picture, the Arabia sinking. The large picture shows our
of the boats hurriedly launched and crammed full of women and children.
ft "So help my gods," broke out the Count, "It is P. O'Farrell. My old college friend from Ressland, B. C."
f He was soon upon his feet and in a moment the distinguished-looking gentleman at the desk*, being nudged from
behind, swung about and Mr. P. A. O'Farrell, publicist,
newspaperman, mining hian and capitalist, the adviser and
confidential friend of many of the h\<x men bf the country.
was shaking hands with Count Maxey Crowe, oldtimer
from the Kootenays, financier, mining promoter, railroader, cigar man, and all-round sport
ft ''Yuh see," said the Count, while O/Farrell was absent
getting a bath and a change after the long journey from
the east, "I'm in Xew York from Ressland. I'm well-dressed, vuh see. I have a fine pin and ring, yuh see. But 1 have
only in my pockets Sl37.00.
ft "My pal is along, yuh see. And the Crowe boy wants
to have a time in Xew York; .And $137.00 isn't a hell of a
lot of money in Xew York. So I go to the fine, big hotel,
yuh call it the Waldorf, and the Crowe boy caches his suit
case there iu the check room, hut he doesn't register, yuh
���yee. He is a boob and he goes out to see Xew York with
.-���137.00 in his pocket and no friends nearer than Spokane,
only a banker named Jones that used to run the B. X. A. in
Ressland, which is running the branch in Wall Street and
which knows the Crowe boy.
f "Yuh see. we go to Coney Tsland and we look around and
buy some drinks and meet some people that pretends they
are good friends of the Crowe boy. And in the morning,
so help my gods, T will go in the bay if I don't tell the truth.
I vake up with 35 cents in my pockets >
ft "And I'm in Xew York, yuh see, with a hang-over, yuh
see. And my suitcase is at the Waldorf and I'm lfot registered and 35" cents in my pocket. And.T'm dry like a fish.
ft "So what will I do? t don't know. So I go to the Waldorf to think it over.   I'm a bum, see with 35 cents in my
Sir William \ an Home and half the big men from Wall
Street, yuh knuw. Silk hats and gold canes, yuh know, and
diamonds in every button.
' "And who is that big guy wiih a bigger, higher silk* than
any of the hunch, vuh knuw, and a broadclpth coat and a
gold-headed cane and spats?
" "I'm a son-of-a-gun, yuh know, if it ain't that darn P.
i >'Farrell, my pal", you know from Ressland!
! "O'Farrell sees the Crowe hoy ant! he comes over, yuh
know- and he -hakes my hand, yuh know, and he talks to
me like a long lost brudder. And the Crowe hoy is glad to
jce an old friend from the west. .And the Crowe buy hangs
onto the hand of P. O'Farrell till he gets over near the desk
of the head cashier of the Waldorf,
ft' "And the Crowe boy gets brave, yuh know���because he
is broke and a bum. it makes no difference���and he talks
big to O'Farrell.
ft " 'How is Anaconda on the market today,' he says,
ft " 'Coin' up,' says O'Farrell, 'Better buy today. Count, if
you're goin' in.'   Oy, oy, if he doesn't call me 'Count.'
ft "The Crowe boy takes good care to have the head cashier see him talkin' to O'Farrell.
ft "Says the Crowe. 'O'Farrell, I'm glad to get your tip for
yesterday, I bout 5,000 of Anaconda at par and I'm buying
-mother 5,000 today."
ft "Of course I bought no Anaconda or War Eagle or anything else, just bluffin' for the benefit of the cashier, will
vou believe it ?
ft "Then I talk to O'Farrell like a millionaire, yuh know,
all for the benefit of the head cashier.
ft " 'Haf a drink. Count,' says P. O'Farrell.
j] " 'I don't mind.' says the Crowe boy, 'if i do drink a bottle of wine with you.'
ft "So we drink a couple of bottles of wine and the Crowe
liny walks through the rotunda with the big Canadian fellows and with I'. O'Farrell. And he registers in a twelve
dollar room and then he comes down tn the head cashier.
V "'Young man,' says tlie Crowe boy, business-like and
with his chest sticking out, 'here, cash this draft mi Spok-
ane for $1000. I'm in a hurry as I must meet my friend
from Ahmtana.'
' "Yuh know," said the Count, "you might as well ask for
Si,000 as $50 around the Waldorf. If they'll give you $5
they will give you S500.
* "Says the Crowe boy, '$1,000 quick.'
ft ".And he counts out 10 bill- nl' a S100 each fm* my draft
mi Spokane and I'm very glad, thank you, that the shadow
of that big ()'Farrell fell nn the poor Crowe boy that day in
Xew York, vuh know*, After that shave 1 never wen; to
see the sights again in Xew York, vuh know, with mdv
':   Rube Hull,  private secretary tn  the   Hon. Jas.  Cllllen,
came in inst as ihe Count brought a period tn hi- tale,
j] "The big guy is safe," announced Rube.   "He's a tlmus-
r.iul ahead."
,: "The Kootenay
"Yuh see. Macdon-
itenays produce? the
"res or i
said the G >unt
aid comes from Cranbrook,   The K<
best men eidder for railroads nr mints or judges or politicians. I win again, yuh see, 1 win again."
'.[ 1 fere ihe Count broke off tn collect a number of odd bets,
ile came back shortly In do the honors.
ft "I'm glad Macdonald win*-," said he a- he led towards
the billiard room. "Rut Imw Brewster will run the country without a Jew m* an Irishman in his cabinet, I don't
see it."
Fun and Frolic
Trade was had. At the end of another blank day the discouraged
salesman called oil anotli.-r prospective customer and asked to show his
"Xo. there is nothing 1 want today." said the customer.
"Hut will you just'examine my line
of goods?" thc salesman persisted.
The customer would not.
"Then,"  said  thc  salesman  meekly.
"will you let me use a part of your
counter to look at them myself, as  1
have   not   had   thc   opportunity   for
some time?"
* * *
A deaf man was being married, and
the parson asked the usual question,
"Do you take this woman for your
lawful wife?"
"Eh?" said the deaf man.
"Do you take tin's woman for your
lawful wife?'' this time a bit iouder.
The groom seemed-to get artgry.
"Oh. I don't know." Ik* s^jd. "She'
ain't so a*t*ful. I've seen wuss than
her that didn't have as much money."
"I I coil an expensive game:
"It   musl  ba,     I   heard niy. liusbaml
telling a friend the other day that he
had to replace about eighteen pivots
on   the   first   nine   holes."
* * *
The local dramatic club was giving
a   performan
ce   i
if   "Jose
pli  and  Mis
Bretheni."  t
ie p
arts hai
been allot-
ted (the ack
edged b
eauty of the
��� illage being
for the
part of Poti-
phar's wife),
niembcrs of
the   companv
were     dis
Hissing    the
in the li
ical hostelry.
"She'll make
a rt
al tip-to
p Fotipbar's
wife." ni"���--
the na'
was sir
in yon.'
to hery
liour o.
Phone Seymour 9086
We Write Insurance in Sound, Reliable Companies.
Dow Fraser Trust Co.
122 Hastings St. West.        McKay Station, Burnaby
Northern Securities, Ltd.
Established 1906
529 PENDER STREET WEST Seymour 1574
SHAUGHNESSY HEIGHTS.���10-roomed House,
on 19th Avenue. Two fireplaces, Hardwood
floors.   $40.00 per month.
KITSILANO. ��� Several six and jcven-roomed
Houses.   $15.00 per month.
SUITES, Alma Court, 2224 Alberta Street. Three
and four rooms. All modern. $8.00 to $15.00
per month.
FURNISHED. ��� Beautiful 10-roomed suburban
home, 5 blocks from car. Six months. $25.00
per month.
The application qf Toronto merchants and manufacturers for the extension oi the present free delivery service
to the present corporate limits of the city, and urging lhe
cancellation of the manifest fee of ten rents charged on all
express shipments from the United States was received
by the Dominion Railway Hoard in Toronto last week.
It was shown that there were 592 merchants in the outlying districts who were refused free delivery. Mr. M. K.
Cowan, K. C, who represented the Toronto Citizens' Express and Freight Campaign Committee claimed that under the charter of thc express companies they were, compelled to make a personal delivery to the consignee. In
other places in Canada where the population ranged from
1,000 to 2,000 there was a free delivery, while in Toronto
there was a population of seventy-five thousand unserved.
He admitted that the express companies were entitled to
a big factor in the supply of news this country is vitally
concerned with the outcome. Several Canadian paper-
makers attended thc hearing. According to the plan now
tentatively adopted under thc leadership of the Trade
Commission, a distribution of print paper is apparently to
he planned and carried out through the efforts of a joint
conference representing manuf-icltirers, consumers and
the Government as embodied in thc Trade Commission.
There seems to bc a feeling that in this case some good
results may bc arrived at in the direction of mitigating
prices and equalizing supplies,
The points upon which the Commission especially desired light were as follows:
"Measures susceptible of bringing about a more equitable distribution of paper among publishers.
"Measures susceptible, in the view of thc witnesses, of
preventing prices from rising to prohibitive levels.
"The feasibility of co-operation between large publishers and manufacturers.
Have proved their Safety and Stability as a
Profitable Investment.
We offer a variety of thoroughly safeguarded
bond issues, sold to net 6'/i per cent, to 7'A per cent.
Consult our Bond Department by letter or in person.
Canadian Financiers Trust Co.
Head Office: 839 Hastings St. West, Vancouver, B.C.
Patrick Donnelly, General Manager.
The British Government has issued an order prohibiting all dealings on the London metal exchange. This action has been under contemplation for some time, and
means that all future purchases must be made through
official channels. For some time the London copper market has been fictitious. Dealers have had to secure a
permit from the government in order to trade in over 50
tons. Electrolytic copper has continued to advance on
the London metal exchange up to the present time, despite the fact that little metal changed hands. The British government supplies more than 95 per cent of munition factories in Great Britain with the red metal when it
is needed. \
king ALni'.irr's bano pi-ays at Twickenham
All things nelfflnn meet with a happy reception In the Old I_and. Belgian musician.* have been particularly well
received and King Albert's bund has soveral times given entertainments'well patronized by the British public. Tho
photograph shows King Albert's bund In action.
Otyf &tanfcar&
������iibliahed every Saturday at 426 Homer Street Vancouver,
relephone    Seymour  47t
Registered   at   the   Poet   Office   Department,   Ottawa,   aa
Second Claaa Mall Matter.
To all point* In Canada, United Klnedem. Newfoundland.
'���� Zealand and other British Poneulons:
'������lefe to American. European an<_ other foreign eouotrlea
II.M per year extra.
The Standard  will be delivered   to any addresi  In Vancouver or vicinity at ten centi a month.
Member of th* Canadian Pre** Association.
Th* Standard, with which I* Incorporated the Saturday
Chinook, olrculate* In Vancouver and the cities, town*, village* and settlements throughout British Columbia. Ia
politic* the paper I* Independent Liberal.
.The Standard Printer*
By Sapper.   Price $1.25.
By Robert Service.   Price $1.00   JUST IN
SHOP Cor.   Homer & Hastings
and about 75 per cent of the total production of Canadi;
a lair return for their labor and money invested, but as
they were public utilities, they did not have the right to
discriminate between two merchants who may happen to
be scperated by a boundary line. ,
Mr. Angus MacMttrchy, who represented thc Dominion
Express Company, claimed that the Railway Commissioners had never ordered a railway or express company to
inaugurate an additional service at a loss. There was no
discrimination so far as his company was concerned. He
produced figures to show that the company was giving
a service in some of the outlying districts, the business of
which was not sufficient to reimburse the company for
the trouble. The delivery area of Toronto covered twenty
stpiare miles, in three square miles of which eighty per
cent of the business was done by tbe company,
Mr. MacMurchy pointed out that the population in the
area clamoring for the free delivery system was very
sparse. According to statistics, figured on the basis of
five to a family, the population of East Toronto per acre
was four families; North Toronto, one family, and Earls-
curt and Northwest Toronto, five families.
Thc Commission reserved judgment on the case.
* * *
The United States Trade Commission has been invest!
gating the alleged newsprint shortage and as Canada is
"The desirability of an embargo on exports.
"The possibility of publishers profiting in tbe long run
by refraining from entering into contracts covering a long
period of time at a fixed price.
"The possibility of small publishers profiting by adopting the plan of co-operative buying."
Statistical data relating to the print paper industry was
laid before the hearing of the Trade Commission and it
was explained that thc facts therein contained would form
the basis for thc Commission's report. These facts were
accepted at the hearing as conclusive evidence.
Net Receipts Grow Slowly
The statistics presented by the Commission showed
briefly that the market prices this year have increased
to*a much greater extent than contract prices, but constituted such a small proportion of the total deliveries of
manufacturers that the net profits per ton at mill showed
only a small advance. Recent renewals of contracts have
ranged from $3 to $.50 f.o.b. mill and market prices have
been reported as high as $10 delivered.
The average cost figures obtained from principal Canadian mills, it was reported, was about $4.50.per ton less
than the average for the United States mills in 1916. Both
Canadian and United States averages showed no increase
in cost during thc first half of 1916, as compared with
1915. These averages represent more than 80 per cent of
���the total production of newsprint ot United States mills
Canada's Most Successful Wheat Grower
Commission   explained   that   in   revising   thc   cost
figures shown by thc books of the manufacturer so as to
arrive at thc true cost of producing newsprint paper the"
following important changes were made:
All interest charges, inter-company profits and stock
and transfer profits were eliminated. Depreciation charges were computed by the Commission and substituted
for those shown by thc books of (he manufacturers.
Stumpage charges were reduced in a lew cases where
found lo be excessive. Such items carried in profit and
loss accounts as profits on the sale of screenings and of'
waste material, and discounts on purchases, were credited
back fo costs. All of the revisions made in the costs _<_|
shown by the books nf the manufacturers resulted in a
deduction of $1.48 per ton from the average cost for 1PI5
and $1.15 per ton i'or the first half of 1916.
Profits Per Ton  Higher
Selling expenses of the mills, il was reported, were
lower in the first half of 1916 thaii in 1915, and profits
per ton were higher. The percentage Of profits on net
sales was declared In lie nr, fhdex of lhe rale of profit on
investment, figures on the In .ok investment, revised
where information showed inflations in capital, the rate
of profit for nineteen United States companies iu 1915, was
averaged at 5.92 per cent, as compared with 9.34 per cent
for fifteen companies in the first half of 1916. These profits, it vvas explained, were obtained from the total business of these companies, most of which are engaged chiefly in the manufacture of newsprint paper. The rates of
profits on the cost of investment, if It could have been obtained, thc Commission stated, would probably have been
somewhat larger than thc rales on thc revised book investment.
The 'information gathered by the Commission also
showed that in some cases jobbers made large profits on
buy-aiid-sell transactions, but no commissions were above
5 per cent. Thc margins of profit were higher as a rule
on transient than on contract business. The deliveries
used to make these computations were made directly
from the mill to the publisher and did not pass through
the jobbers' warehouse, so that thc cost of business was
much less than for sales from stock.
The Commission also reported that both production aud
imports increased substantially in the first half of 1916
over the two preceding half-year periods. After deducting thc exports, which also increased, the quantity available for domestic consumption iu thc first half of 1916 was
17 per cent greater than in thc. first half of 1915, and 9
per cent greater than in thc second half of the year. Deliveries more than took care of this increase, for the
stocks on hand at all points decreased 10,340 tons during
the first six months of 1916.���Journal of Commerce.
* * *
A  YIELD   of   54,383   tjus'uels   or
wheat from 1,000 acres of land,
or 54 bushels 23  lbs.  on the
average  per  acre,  seems  to  appear
like an Impossibility; but it Is a fact
*"���   ��   rfoble, of NoMefor'd,
12.01 your legs?       ..^   tWs   m^-yeU,,,,,
14. Of your hMrimi? j bis  farms   In   the
���This bountiful gift
18. Whom
ii workin. |g nkely to attract
i work ' to tbis country as
kable  incident that
19. Hiv.you��trad.,��i>tIce(, in connectlon
tt.��r�� you working now, of the Dominion In
. __ _      ie indugtr|ai sphere.
��. Would you t�� wimnjeg  2 separators and
54. Afoyouwiiiiim.it you'd their part in tbe
 .*-n~=T,o-.'-^B ">e erain.     On
he threshing began,
|rrlly (or some days,
ie moving pictures
were  taken.   The
Imbers  1, 2, and  3.
he Marquis variety,
proved  to give the
y species of wheat
Canada.   The seed
enormous   returns
all raised from ���
one acre field that had been sown
with hand picked pedigree Marquis
seed. j
At a moderate estimate the land
from which Mr. Noble bas gathered
his crop returns hiny $85 an acre
After paying all expenses this famous
grain grower has a/ huge sum of
money as a reward for his exertions.
But he well deserves all that has
come to him. It is true that a fertile
soil and a magnificent climate were
bountiful, but the ability with which
the agriculturist managed bis ground
was in no small way responsible for
his success. Mr. Noble Is a business
man, and is possessed of the gift of
concentration ��� that quality which
always discovers tbe right road to
the man who perseveres. He ,has a
system of his own for doing everything, and everything he does is done
tn the most systematic manner. With
a staff of 120 men be operates three
different farms. On tbe farms, and
at the office where the farm schemes
are planned, he is the supervisor. He
has taught his employees to be regular in their movements ib the wheels
of a machine. The oak* telephone
connects him with every one of the
different .departments, and if there is
anything which demands his Immediate personal attention while he Is at
the office his automobile is waiting,
ready to convey him to tbe spot.
The accounts of the property are all
kept with a neatness, accuracy and
regularity that would arouse the admiration of the most critical of chartered accountants.
Mr. Noble was born on a farm near
State Center, Marshall County, Iowa.
In the year 1873. His boyhood was
spent largely on the farm. Shortly
after reaching his majority he filed
on a quarter section of land near
Knox. Xorth Dakota, where he lived
until 1903. In that year he moved
to Claresholm, Alberta, married Miss
Margaret Fraser, of Hawkesbury.
Ontario, and. in addition to farming
interests, later enjoyed a successful
real estate business with his present
partner, Mr. T. C. Milnes. From
this point his rise in the business
world has been rapid.   In the year
1909 he moved to his preset location
at Nobleford, Alberta, where he lives
on Grand View Farm, with his family
consisting of his wife, two sons and
one daughter, giving practically all
his attention to the farm. Thus it is
seen that his life work has been that
of a practical farmer.
His entire career has been marked
by energy and foresight of an exceptional quality, his prominent
mental characteristics being courage
In meeting facts squ;*rc!y, accuracy
in figuring costs, nnd boldness and
originality In makinrr investments.
Coupled with the hartfost common
sense and Bbrewd Insight Into human
nature, be has a girt of imheinatlofl
which is constantly lead! -^ h>m ci
to greater things and to b!:.-l<ig t..e
way for others to folio a*.
He is a total abstainer rinri. t':o
use of all kinds of narcotic:: and
takes his place at work with a��*y cf
his men whenever occasion requires.
He is a life long church member and
an elder hi the Presbyterian Churi-h
at Noble.
The Hritish Government order regarding the percentages of flo.-.r lhat must bc extracted from wheat of various qualities is expected t" increase the yield of wheat
by K 1-2 per cent. The order came, into force as regards
milling on November 27���that is to sav, on and after that
date no wheat may be milled except in accordance with
this schedule. On aud after January 1, 1917, only flour
milled in accordance with the schedule may bc used for
making bread or any other article of food.
A subsequent order will be issued requiring periodical
returns of stocks of wheat received and of flour and offals milled, and of all stocks in hand on the date the milling order came into operation���i.e., November 27.
Communications as to these two orders should be addressed for the present to the Board of Trade (food supplies), Gwydyr House, Whitehall, S. W.
The following is the schedule of percentages in flour
that must be extracted from wheat of various qualities, as
listed below: ��*
Per cent.
English    76
Choice  Bombay  ..; 78
Australian    78
Blue Stem    76
Walla Walla   75
No. 2 Red Western    '. 76
No. 2 Red Winter  .' 74
No. 2 new Hard Winter (1916)  76
No.   1  Northern. Duluth    ...75
No. 1 Northern, Manitoba, old crop  76
No. 2 Northern, Manitoba, old crop  75
No. 3 Northern, Manitoba, old crop  73
Choice White  Karachi   75
Soft Red Karachi  75
Rosafe, 62 lb .". 73
Baril, 61   1-2 lb   74
Barletta-Russo, 61 1-2 Ib .....74 SATURDAY. DECEMBER 30.  1916
Germany Facing Starvation
An American Writer Tells of Effects of Blockade
Early last summer the Chisago
TRIBUNE sent one of its best women reporters, Madeleine Duty, author
��� of Society's Misfits, to Germany with
orders to carefully observe conditions throughout lhat country and
then return tu the United Stales and
write ber story. This was done In
avoid the censors, first in Germany
and second in England. Had she
written her story in Germany the
German censor would have eliminated all that was objectionable from a
German standpoint, while in England
the British would delete whatever
they wished removed.
To an untrained observer and writer
llie task assigned Miss Doty would
have been almost impossible of ful-
fillment but io a trained observer and
tiyriter ii is comparatively easy to
carry away vivid and accurate picture-, of actual condition-,. Mis. !.)'.����
was particularly well qualified ior
thc task as she had made a big name
for herself as an investigator of so
cial and economic conditions al home.
especially work connected with prisons, slums and general relief
She was sent to Ccrniany with an
open mind. She was neither pro-
Ally nor pro-German, but was io investigate conditions ami faithfully report what she observed. This she-
has done. At least her paper, the
Chicago TRIBUNE, vouches I'or her
ability, her truthfulness and her faithfulness on all other assignments. Her
story reads like a true tale; Unfaithful portrait of an observing careful investigator.
The fifst letter dealt very largely
with her voyage and landing in Ger-
many and finding "Hamburg with deserted streets and a harbor devoid of
all life."
Thc following extracts from her se-
: .1 letters indicate that
Germany is seriously feeling lhe pressure of Britain's blockade, hood and
peace are lhe words ou lhe lips of
every German woman:
Article   II
I awake to find myself in Germany.
With quivering excitement I spring
from bed and creep to the window.
Beneath lies an empty ' courtyard,
quiet, still, no sign of life. I press
tkc electric button and order breakfast. A pale, Worried little man arrives  wilh  a  Iray.
Tliere is the same undrinkable coffee of tbe night before, a liny drop of
bine, watery milk in a doll's pitcher
ne bigger than my thumb, no sugar,
some black, sour, uneatable bread, no
butler and a small saucer of marmalade.
Irritation seizes mc. How can I
spend weeks in Germany without pro
per  food?
We decide lo male a tour of thc
city, it is a gray, sunless day. The
weather increases the gloom of the
city. Only a lew persons are upon
flic street; old people or very young
people and  tiny children.
But occasionally wc pass a silent,
dejected group lined up before a
meat shop. It is a meat day. Working women with babies in their arms.
or tiny children carrying baskets, or
old decrepit men and women clutching a government meat card patiently wait their turn. The shop door
flies open, three or four are admitted
and a miserable half pound of meat
portioned out.
Except for these food purchases the
city seems actionless. W'e enter a
book shop and ask for a map. Hut
to sell a plan of Hamburg is verboten,
So many things arc verboten. Perhaps that accounts for the inactivity.
Store windows present a fine display,
but inside lhe shop is silent and empty-
Little Life in City
Even in the husiness section, there
is little life. We find a small boat
that makes a three hours' trip about
the harbor, and lake it. The great
wharves are peopleless. no hurrying
men. no swinging derricks, no smoke
issuing from smokestacks or  funnels.
In the docks lie big and little boats,
rusty, paintless. deserted. The great
Imperator, like a towering monster,
^r immands lhe centre.
Y^'The paint is peeling from its sides.
Its brass fe dull; some dirty stained
blankets flap on an upper deck. Like
a thing alive it seems stricken with
plague. Its proud title ''Imperator"
is gone and in its plac,e is thc word
"Cap Polonia." Except for our tug
and two others, no vessels move upon
thc water. There are nrj/whistles, no
chug-chug and swish of passing
boats, no vibrant, thrilling life.
Hamburg Seems Dying
Hamburg is a city of sleepers. Its
big hotels, its many stores, its impressive buildings stretch out endlessly,
but within all is still. All that modern industry and the ingenuity of
man can achieve has here been flung
upon the land and then-the force that
created   has   vanished,  leaving   these
great monuments to rot, rust aud to
crumble, The tragedy of unused treasures is as horrible as rows of dead.
A city seems \ isibly dying.
Paint from want of food wc leave
Ihc boat to seek a restaurant. We find
one directly opposite the Ilatubtirg-
American docks, on the hillside. Wc
seal ourselves on the outdoor porch
which commands the harbor. As we
do so wc notice a long line of women
and children filing into the big Hamburg-American buildings. Each hears
a pail. When they emerge il is with
steaming contents.
Docks Become  Kitchens
The docks have li
ig feeding kii' hens,
leti   leave   a    whistl
in turned into
When thc wu-
blows.     Then i
very   dire lion
I and young boys. They conic running,
hopping, jumping, each striving to be
first, driven by hunger, Or by fear
that the last may have nothing.    Tlic
.police keep them  iu order.    They file
; into thc big building to cat.
Tlic   meals   furnished   us   is   scanty
I lint after this scene it scenic beautiful. There is soup, fish, meat, vegetables, fruit and cheese. The bread
and meal are to be had only with
cards. Like the day before, the food
is watery and tasteless. It is such
food as is served in institutions.
Prison diet does not promote health
or strength, fine can live on it, but
patriotism and temper suffer.
From the monument we go to the
residential quarter. We try to get a
taxi, but there is none. I saw just
three during that day. It has become
tea lime. After a short walk wc enter a popular cafe. Here at last is a
large group of people. There ar��
many well-dressed women, retired officers or officers home on leave, and
some slightly  wounded soldiers.
The tables in the big building are
scattered about on the sidewalk are
all occupied. A baud is playing gay
music. On the surface all looks well,
lint a line of Whitman flashes
through my mind:
"Smart atlired. countenance smiling, form upright, death under the
breastbones, hell under the skull-
There is no chatter, no laughter.
The faces are lined with sadness. Except among tbe women there is no
youth. All arc shrunken, listless distraught. Coffee "ersatz" (coffee mixed with a substitute) and tea "ersatz"
is being served. There is no milk and
no sugar. The lew cakes arc made of
unknown, substance, I try one. but
cannot swallow it. Only thc music
is cheerful. There is a revival of
band playing ill Cermany. It is needed to hide the lack of laughter aud
Life is Mere Existence
There arc only two topics of conversation���war and food shortage.
That is the whole of life. There is
little business, no trade, no reforms,
no scientific discoveries, no creative
work to discuss. Life has become
mere existence���a prison existence.
Mind and bodies arc shrinking from
a shortage of intellectual and physical nourishment.
This first day in Germany is the
worst. Fresh from war-free countries the impression is vivid. All who
live in Cermany get adjusted.
Thc changes have come gradually.
One month sugar stops. When this
is an old story then one musl learn
to do without milk. Ilcrr Smyth fails
one week and Hcrr Bauer weeks later.
This slow decline binds Cermany to
what is really occurring. But lhe total, seen by a stranger, is appalling.
In May, 1915, I spent ten days in
Berlin. Then English could not be
spoken with comfort. Flushed faces
and angry looks were the result. Today English is tolerated. Occasionally eyes- follow me qttestioningly;
the official class resents it but thc
people arc always friendly.
Hate for America Dying
��� A year ago there was bitter hatred
of America. "American bullets" were
flung in one's face everywhere. Today the average person is pathetically eager to be friendly. Slowly the
people are awakening. For months
the newspapers have fed them on thc
triumphs of Germany and the perfidy
of other nations. But these stories
of glorious German victories have resulted in what? A lean and barren
country, undernourishment, death, the
hatred of other nations. The people
begin to doubt their leaders.
To call these people "barbars" is
an outrage. They are like ourselves,
just folks kindly and generous, deceived and brow-beaten by a ruthless
military group.
The young woman in thc railway
carriage beloiigs to the well to do
bourgeois. She- is eager to talk.
"Why," she asks, "does the world
think   we're   beaten   when   we   have
soldiers    in     Belgium  and   France?"
So often this question is asked.
Boast Things of Past
Boasting no longer exists. Instead
comes the plaintive query: "Why are
we beaten and why must we suffer?"
We gaze out of the window as the
train speeds on. We pass grcat stretches of desolate, barren, jtticeless
land. It is sandy and difficult to cultivate. It is the worst portion of
Cermany. A tear is in my companion's eye.
"We have got to have food," she
aieis, and then a moment later: "<>.
why can't we have peace?"
It is early afternoon when we reach
Berlin'. I leave the train slowly.
When I reach the station entrance the
taxis and carriages are all taken. An
aged porter with a push cart volunteer.' to conducl me t'i thc Adlon.
It is Sunday. I follow the push carl
through the silent street-, but as we
pass tllc Thiergaricii a grcat throng
of people is visible. They flow in
ami out about the Hindenburg Deuk-
mal. That figure is made of ���. i .
and covered with nails. You pay a
small sum and hammer in a nail In
this  manner  patriotism  and   Hindeii-
Starvation kills off the poor but
leaves the militarists intact. Tbis is
not tbe way to crush militarism. It
cannot be done by pressure from thc
outside. Regeneration always comes
from within. Revolution or evolution, not smashing, is what is needed.
Article III
As I start to leave the hotel I pause
in the entrance to gaze up and down
the famous street L'ntcr den Linden.
Thin streams of people are passing
and repassing. It is Monday, Imt the
atmosphere is that ot Sunday. Cer-
nian week dajs now are all like Sunday. A little group nf people is prcs'-
led against a big glass window. Here
tin- latest war bulletins are posted.
People always assemble at two spots
���year bulletins and food shops.
Food Packages Are Fakes
ll   is   uncanny   to   see   tragic   eyes
gazing   into   pastry   -hops   am]   fruil
i store-).     Meat   is   not   displayed.     I
wondered  why  the butler and  cheese
stores  were  ignored.    I  tried gazing
 ��� ���   Thej put up such a good spiral   e   wiih   iheir   shining   tinfoil
Th ;i  I discovere 1 the reason. The
isn't that people have nothing to eat
but all except the rich have too little.
The food they have isn't tbe right
Germans Growing Thin
During the summer there seems to
be plenty of vegetables, fruit, and a
fair supply of black bread, but tbis
without grease, sugar, or meal does
not satisfy digestion. It\ like trying
to run a wagon without oil. It begins
to creak. The German race begins
to creak. As a whole, it is pale, thin
ami sunken eyed. Sooner or later a
crisis is inevitabli.
Whether when it comes the desperate people will join the Von Tirpitz
| group and it will In- one of ugly retaliation, or iiisti-ad of an internal
awakening a>-> i evolution depends on
the attitude of the neutrals and the
Allies. The soldiers, as well as the
civil population. .infer. The front
hy trenches may bc well fed. but the
men home on leave "r in barracks
are noticeably thin. They an
weary,  ami  without  li:'<-.    They  also
have no -t imai hs.
Hut   before   I   leave   Germany   the
u   my  nerves.     What   wa-
pies   get
at  first amusin
Becomes a nuisance.
h to the station
��� it bands play
/--^^..y.rt.yi^vA-n.v":--^'. ,..i, ii- ._*.._._-,,;..^,_,.
mill imi i*i,ii:i_s io.- i i;oi   zi;i'rt:i.i \   at SEA
This is .id artist's Impression of the destruction of a German Ze;
ror, which imd furnished tliis realistic photograph.   While ii  Is a  moi
artist, it is said to guile accurately portray the scene of th <-  recent
const.   Note tin.1 fire belching forth from the interior i E the  huge  ba
built of very inflammable material) which blazes quite merrily once
f   In   1)1
e l.oiuh
u ns;
y Mn
on   tlo
��� il'  tli
���'ins   ol'
Ilghter-than-'alr   ni:
burg devotion is inculcated and the
government gets  the money.
If ever there were a systematic
smashing of Denkmals it would create
a busy day for Berlin. There are so
many of them. Tbe Thiergarten
strass is lined with ugly monstrosities of royalty. Many figures are
portraits of English nobility who intermarried with Germans, Evidently
whatever comes to Cermany becomes
German, for all are decorated with
wreaths and flowers.
lint the Sunday crowd that moves
about the Thiergarten is not happy.
As in Hamburg and elsewhere, lhe
men are old or young, except for the
sprinkling of lean, pale, nerve-racked
Poor People Pay the Price
So ou the surface there is bustle
and action: life somewhat resembles
normal. But it is a queer, limited,
down at the heel activity. People
arc upon thc streets, but the stores
are nearly empty. There is a shortage of things to buy. The rich still
purchase, but cheap things are only
to be had with government cards.
That is thc tragedy of Germany���
the sore spot that festers. The pinch
has come, antl the rich protect themselves at the expense of the poor.
It is marvellous with what ingenu-
ity"the big hotels conceal deficiencies. That is why visitors and reporters fail to see the underlying
Salvation From Within
But I go to bed tormented by the
lean and shrunken people I have seen.
Is it not foolish to starve out Germany? This procedure does not
hurt the governing classes and thc
rich. They will not suffer until tbe
ri-st of Germany is dead.
packages are fakes. I'.ach holds a
block of wood. There is no butter or
cheese in window or shop. Twice a
week a tiny supply arrives to be distributed to the bearers of cards, aud
that is all.
On this occasion I elude pursuit,
but to do so continuously is impossible. The funny thing about German spies is that they dress for the
part. They are as unmistakable as
Sherlock Holmes. They nearly always wear gray clothes, a soft grey
hat, arc pale laced, shifty eyed,
smooth shaven or have only a slight
mustache and carry canes.
One night my friend and I led
them a chase about thc city until midnight. We jumped from one cart to
another, it proved an exciting new
game. Once wc went up to a gray-
clad man asked him if he wasn't tired.
But spies grow angry when spoken
to. German officials have no sense
of humor. If they had I wonder if
there would have been a war.
Berlin Like Country Town
For several days T wander about
Berlin letting impressions sink in.
There is, as I have said, activity, but
it is the activity bi a by-gone day or
a country town. Nowhere arc there
shining new taxis, prancing horses.
and laughing people.
The taxis are thc refuse from the
front. They toss and pump you about.
The carnages have been resurrected
from thc past. The horses are chiefly valuable as a study in bone anatomy. Poor things. I often gazed in
their dinner pails. They never had
anything but chopped straw.
As for thc people, there is a sombre grayness about them. Thej*, too,
are thin. I didn't sec a big girth anywhere.     Germany  is  stomachless.   It
I feel exactly as though I air. in prison. [ acquire the habit of looking
out the corner of my eye aud over
my shoulder.
These spies are as annoying to their
countrymen as to me. The people detest them. They grow restless under
such suppression. Free conversation
is impossible except behind closed
doors. Between German spies and
the spies of other countries supposed
io  be at   huge  public  conversation   is
at   a
Everywhere     are
"Soldiers: lie careful in your Conversation on account of the peril of
Soldiers are everywhere in Berlin.
They arc always coming and going
The cripples are not allowed upon the
streets, but nervous wrecks are plentiful.
In spite of thc concealment of the
wounded, the population begins to
understand its loss. One night I went
to the station to sec a big detachment leave for Vilna. All had been
in war before. Their uniforms were
dirty and patched. They sat on
benches, clinging to a loved one's
hand, or stood listless groups. Xo
one talked. They were like .tired
children. They needed food and beds.
The scenes of farewell were harrowing.
1 fere was a young boy saying goodbye to a mother am! three aunts. He
was all they had���their whole life.
Here a father saying farewell to a
wife and three sons, all under 17, or
a mother in deep mourning taking
leave of her last son, or a young wife
with a baby in her arms giving a last
Silence as Soldiers Depart
As the train moved out of the st
tion tliere were no shouts. Bo cheers
no words of encouragement. Instead
there was a deadly silence. The m,.,;
leaned out of windows, stretching .,<_
spairing hands tow arils loved onv .
As the train pulled away the little
groups broke into strangling sobs.
They were shaken as by a mighty
tempest. Paroxysms if grief rent and
tori- Ihem. They knew the end had
come. A man may go once into battle and return, bul not twice ami
���thrice. Life held no Jiope. As I
came away I stopped before the big
building which conducts military affairs. It is known as the "Hous. or'
Sorrow." (Jn its rear wall i- posted
iln- iist  of Mead and wounded.
The night was dark aud still, but by
the rays of an electrh arc a itov stragglers were running anxious fingers
i the long lists. | stopped t .
count ihc number. The report ��� -
���'���������'.   ��� ���   lays' casualties���fr m   '
'���"   i"  August   21.      By  mi ta
-   occasional^   an   repeated.    I
ed oul    everal tl       antl p. .allow   for  repetitio  -. i   then   the
total   if dead, wou  ���:��� d or mi ��� ���:.
44.CKX)  wliich had  I ������ ��� e '  out  in
Bands Try to Cheer People
I he   Socialists   estimate   :'<;:t   two
and   a   half   to   three   million   men   in
Prussia al ine have ' een killed,
ded.  or an- ���  issi  -.     \'o  v onder ti.e
soldiers are desperate.
u hen tin- men marc
'on the way to the fr
national airs to '-ide the depression,
Bul music cannot cheer; the populace
stand silent on the sidewalk. Occasionally a tear trickles down a cheek.
The soldiers keep eyes front, faces
set and rigid. There are no comforting smiles, no cheers, no waving
'ine evening at midnight as 1 cross
thc Thiergarten I pass a small pro-
Cession of new recruits. Midnight.
my friend tells me. is the favorite
hour for seizing fresh food for cannon.
There is something sinister in
choosing dark hours, when the city
sleeps, for this deed. ( In this occasion thc recruits number a hundred or
two. Their ages vary, They might
he fathers and sons.
Women Doing Men's Work
Such is the fate of tlie men; neither
is   life   any   better   for   thc     women.
They   are   lo   be' seen   everywhere  ���
in   the   streets   digging   and   cleaning
sewers; on the road, with pickax and
shovel, helping   R issian       - i    rs re-
la)   railr ad  tn   '���-:   i sufiways,
lad ii    h     lers. acting    i I    i   starters: on the trains wearini      tsband'.
���    '   r  cap ami  coat.     A t night the)
ome  hi me   :" .hungry  chil    i i
la ders.   Their I ii y sa :: . - -
it    ,;i ad and potat ���<���-.    The da)  la-
. - -   cannot   fn ;.  . ; ��� ��� i -
ns.   They ca       I   iff pi it.
al sen ed is a pint bowl of
h is a  cross bet . ei n soup
:       -��� It  contains pi I nor-, bar-
od - ai . ends ol meat, v bowl full
j. li cents a half bo\ 1 I cents. A
mother earning 40 to 60 cents a day
cannot pay 11 cents a head for food.
It is the bourgeois cl tss -;. .1 | atron-
izes the kitchens.
Food Cooked in Vats
I visited these feeding stations V
large central market turned into a
kitchen prepares the food. Here arc
big vats in which the food is steamed
or boiled n bulk. i-'roui here tile
cooked product is sent to feeding
stations in different localities, Women of means preside over these places and conduct them well. The
stewed mass is usually palatable.
Such places are a Godsend to the
middle class, the small storekeepers,
whose business has failed, clerks, and
rtenographers, hut for the unskilled
laborer tiie price is prohibitive.
Signs  of  Decline   Everywhere
Everywhere lhe signs of decline are
manifest. In the windows ol houses,
on thc front of empty stores are great
signs: '.'Zu Vermieten" (to rent1. Fi r
years merchants have been lighting
for vacancies on the big thoroughfares of popular Berlin. Now they are
to he hail everywhere.
i hie  Sunday  1   went,  to  the  Zoological   garden,   the   popular   resort   of
the mass!'
ed.   but
filled.    E
les, when
to secure
in  black
glass   of
rarity.    1
of colore;
In  the
a  few  an
But they. �� ,
a scanty'
grown c
suffer. 1
racket am
Slnrc closes at 1 p.in. <m Saturday as usual.
i^HERE is satisfaction in wearing a Dick's Suit or
Overcoat. The garments are finished to fit you
by our own tailors, and you are protected by our'
money-back guarantee that you are getting what you
pay for, and good value at that. Suits and overcoats
for men and young men in all the prevailing models
and materials.
$15     $20    $25    $30    $35
Success Business College, Ltd.
Belonging to
Canada's Longest, Strongest Chain of Schools
Winter  Term  Opens
Wednesday, Jan. 3,1917
Tuition for Cash and on Credit
Get  Full  Information  NOW
Phone Fairmont 2075
Corner 10th Ave. and Main St. Vancouver, B.C.
After the War-What?
INCREASED production will be necessary if
Canada and the Empire are to maintain their
place among the nations of the world and to
pay for the enormous cost of this war.
Electric Power plays an important part in developing this country's resources and increasing
its exports.
What will be Vancouver's share? With an
ample supply of electric power ready for use, at
rates which compare favorably with any other
city in Canada, economical production is possible
for any manufacturer.
We invite you to consult our power experts who can advise
as to increasing the production of a factory by the use of the
electric drive.
A telephone call to the sales engineer (Seymour 5000) will
bring our representative to your office.
12. Of your legs?	
19. H��ve you t trade or OjT���
2WTj& the Month is Near
23. Would you be willinj
��*,.��oUw���������,.,ty4d, going to MOVE?
Mi's and the big, roomy "Car Vans"���think of
Lg'ing service���then ring up Sey. 7360 and talk
Security  Fireproof   Storage   and
Movlas Ca.  Ll-utted.
The  Campbell   Stance   Co.   I-ML
���ffSBIt    786 BEATTY ST.
Pfcoae ter. 73*0
By Mrs. Rowan-Shaw
Away in the blue lift, far above
what hail once been the fair fields of
La Belle France; but which were
now gutted and torn up beyond recognition by the devastating instruments of an inhuman war ��� there
filiated a tiny speck. To the naked
eye it was almost imperceptible. Thc
firing line was not many miles off,
which filled the air with the splintering of bombs, dealing death and
destruction to all around���the peculiar singing of bullets, as they sped
"home" from the rifles of crack
snipers, cunningly hid among the
trees, and thc sound of machine guns.
Presently the speck became more visible, until it seemed to be a bird describing graceful motions in mid-air.
It dropped a bit, and the observer
could make out the form of a monoplane.!
Jules Louvre���the airman was a
native of "Gay Paree"���who had distinguished himself in thc flying
schools by carrying off thc highest
awards. He was an intense patriot,
and had offered his services to his
country at the beginning of the war.
His one object was to do something
for it. counting his life itself���well
lost (if need were) in the cause.
A detachment of soldiers were
marching on the nearest country
town about four miles off. They
were determined to occupy it ��� as
from its natural position, it was well
fortified and commanded an extensive
view of the country. But God alone
could help the people, if they succeeded!
The monoplane hovered a few seconds over thc soldiers, then shot tip
into a bank of clouds���a battalion of
K. O. S. B.'s going to their trenches
saw in the distance a strange sight.
One minute a moving gleam of spiked
helmets, on the long, dusty road,
which was devoid of cover, thc next,
they had vanished as if the ground
had swallowed them up!
Curiosity was strong; but it might
be a "trap" and they were wary. . . .
.Meantime, the airman was heading his
machine towards the same town,
where he wished to land. He said to
himself fiercely, yet with a grim
huckle, "A bas les Bosches! Zat ees
vim vor ma belle patric!"
He was crossing a lovely ravine,
when the wind suddenly veered round,
and he was caught in one of those
dangerous "pockets" which to aviators often spell disaster. He lost control of the steering gear-���the machine
spun round like a child's boat in a
whirlpool, turned a somersault, and
went plunging down at a fearful rate
Jules Louvre clinging to the car
and every second expecting instant'
death! ...    '
When he opened his eyes, two days
later, he was in a Red Cross Hospital cot, with a broken arm and leg
and his head severely bruised. Under
the wreck of his monoplane���held up
by some trees on thc side of the ravine���he, had been found, more dead
than alive.
She was a bright, little Scotch nurse
who attended him, and his first eager
question was���
"Vat about les Bosches, Zistcr?
Vere ;:air many ov zem killed?"
And she answered, not knowing,
but to humor the patient:
���"Yes, mon ami, I believe there
were. Don't think of that just now;
but take tiiis and go to sleep," and
she tenderly held a cooling drink to
his lips.
"Oui, oui,  I   zall zlcep zotind," he
replied, with a sigh of contentment,
breathing "Vive la France!"
* * *
Surprises were the order of the
day (and night also) over there, and
a mysterious happening had taken
place. About two hundred Germans,
mostly dead, but all of them "hors de
combat," strewed the roadway near
their objective���the town.
There had been no engagement,
but they lay "en masse" without any
appearance of injury.
These monsters, in the form of men
who had spent their brains in devising subtle agents to torment their
fellow "humans," for once had been
overwhelmed by the Nemesis of an
unknown terror, before which they
themselves had gone down "like ninepins."
On examination they were found to
have been pierced by "little shafts of
highly tempered steel, a few inches
long, arrow-shaped, and pointed to
the sharpest degree. They were no
thicker than a lead pencil."
It was a week before Jules Louvre
was able to give an account of himself, and he it was who held the key
to the mystery.
Along with him had been brought
in a small box, found in his machine.
Sister Bessie put it on his bed "lie
day and he joyfully exclaimed, as if
meeting an old friend���"Kit ees le
Flechetel Le I-lcclic-tc! Look you,
Zeester!" And he withdrew a sliding
panel with his one free hand.
"Zere are veevty ov ze leetlc vel-
lows in ze box, and I joost drew out
ze bottom ov nine ov zem���zo! Down
zcy dropped���an zat ees how I vhat
you call 'potted' ze Bosches!"
In his attractive broken English he
explained "that when dropped from a
height of four or five thousand feet,
the velocity acquired meant instant
death, whenever a vital part was
struck, as being so perfectly balanced
���'Lc Flechcte' always fell with its
point down."-
He proudly told how the inventor
of the deadly little weapon was a
"compatriot" of his own, and this was
its first triumph.
Of course thc daring action passed
from one to another, until it reached
headquarters, and very soon, the hero
was presented with that most exquisitely designed medal, the Croix Mili-
taire, and other valuable gifts from
his grateful country. For had he not
saved the town, and the lives of many
good citizens from ruthless slaughter?
Such is the way France delights to
honor her brave sons.
By the time Jules Louvre left the
hospital, he held the key of another
mystery, an ancient, not modern "invention"���shall we call it���the heart
of a man and a maid, which unlocks
all doors, even those of "nationality."
He found himself loving the "chere
petite damoiselle d'eeossaise" (as he
called her) deeply; but according to
French law, he had first to have the
consent cf his father and mother to
a marriage���being still a minor ���
which period extends to about thirty
years of age. And during the long
weeks of patient suffering and "camaraderie," Sister Bessie bad also
learned to love the fine qualities of
thc man���apart from the distinguished hero.
One day he said, with the expressive gestures which belong to his
race ��� "Zeester Beezie, I lofe ze
Scotch, and I lofe you zo much, I
vould die vor you! Vill you ved me,
and zen ve zall be dooble Allies?"
And, to prove that she thought it
a bright idea, Sister Bessie answered
CSpecial arrangement with the D'Oyly Cnrtc Bstate Ownersi
Mr.  FRANK  U RICLKY. Conductor.
Mr. OSCAR I'. ZIEGLER, Orchestra Leader.
Reserved Seats, $1.00, 75c, 50c.   Gallery, 25c.   Box Office Now Open
Every Man in  Canada will Have
Card to Fill Out Soon
National Service Week is drawing
near and the fact that the first week
of the New Year bears that title is
something in which everyone in Canada has an interest. The men are interested because it is obligatory upon
each of them, between the ages of 16
and 65 years, to fill out one of the
cards which the Government is sending to them through thc Post Office
authorities. The women are interested because their co-operation is being
invited, in seeing that their men folk
attend to this important duty. The
children arc interested because their
school teachers have explained to
them the meaning of National .Service
and the way in which father and the
big brothers at home have to reply to
the various questions.
To write In the answers and return
the card promptly is a good New
Year's resolution for every man
throughout 'the Dominion, and it has
the advantage of being easy of fulfilment.    It only means a few min
utes' careful  thought.    The  postman
in the cities gets the hard work, for'group they begin to despise.
he has not only to deliver the cards;
he is responsible also -for their proper return. Prompt mailing of the
answers will make the postman's
work very much easier.
National Service means that we are
to get into that frame of mind which
will cause us to think of the needs of
the country, to realize that the interests of tlie State have a greater claim
on us than our self-interest. This applies to everyone, from the highest
in the land to thc lowest. The Prince
of Wales' motto, "I seH-e," may well
be the motto of every citizen of thc
British Empire at this time.
There are many ways of serving
the nation besides going to the front.
Thc man on the farm and thc mechanic in a workshop may be serving the
nation as usefully as the man in the
trenches. Every man should bc doing the work which represents his
most efficient service to his country.
The war is teaching us, or should
be teaching us, great lessons. Terrible
as are its effects, those who have
faith in Canadian manhood hope and
believe that the nation will emerge
from this experience a stronger and
a better people. If the meaning of
National Service is thoroughly grasped and properly understood, if the
Government's call for information is
responded to In the right spirit, the
coming year will be the banner year
in Canada's history.
'The account of the battle has a
menu sound."
"What do you mean?"
"It says the well-seasoned troops
were mustered out and then peppered with shot."
Germany Facing Starvation
(Continued from page 7)
and fought each other.    Ironic laughter seized mc.   They were so human.
I fell to wondering whether mankind
was copying them, or they mankind.
The two or three lions in the outdoor cages were lean and restless.
They crouched and growled or paced
feverishly up and down. There was
none of the lazy indifference seen in
circus fed animals.
In a flash they revealed Germany.
Before the war, under a benevolent
paternalism, the people grew round of
girth. Replete with good food and
flowing steins of beer, feet and brain
slagged. It is hard to be discontented
and progressive when thc stomach
is full and the land flows with milk
and honey. But suffering has come
and a new race is emerging, a lean
race, with active minds that begins to
question German autocracy and militarism.
To an observant person three
things arc everywhere in evidence,
telling an unmistakable story. The
.flat stomachs, the endless signs "to
rent," and thc empty chocolate slots.
The German race is surely sliding
into a decline. What shall the world
do? Shall it stand idly by, or shall
it stretch out a hand of sympathy
and understanding to these troubled
people and help them free themselves
from   the   domination   of  a   military
A Sane All-the-Year Gift
Housewives and mothers! Here's a gift suggestion that will
bring health and happiness to every member of the household, a gift
that will be appreciated, a gift that will be a permanent reminder of
your good judgment and generosity.
Order a regular supply of Sou-Van Milk as your gift to the family; it won't necessitate any extra cash outlay over your present weekly milk bill, but it will mean a clean, fresh' uniform milk of unquestionable quality and high food value. Delivered daily in sterilized bottes;
safe.wholesome, and nourishing; the cheapest food you can buy.
29TH   AVENUE   and   FRASER
Through Tickets
issued   to   all   parts
of the world.
to the Old Country,
Alaska, China and
For full
particulars apply
to any
C. P. R.
Cycling Dan says:
That by buying a Bicycle
You stop "bye-bye"
To many "a nickle"
Spent for cars
Or jitney fare.
Besides you can
Ride anywhere,
Pedal a Paragon���
And be glad
That you acted
On this "Ad."
Cycling can be made to pay
See Fred Deeley���now���Today.
(The Cycle Man)
Weary Variety Agent: And what's
your particular claim to originality?
Artist; I'm the only comedian who
has so far refrained from addressing
the orchestra as "you in thc trench."
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc
1012 Standard Bank Bld(.
V��__coii?sr. B.C.
Visit the
(Between' Robson and Smythe)


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