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The Standard Jun 2, 1917

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VANCOUVER-Home Schedule
In Northwestern League  19(7
llviltc Jims  IS.   19,  20,  21, 22,  -
Spolune, June 25,  26,  27. 2*.
Tacoma, June 29,  JO, Jul)   -'.  -
Seattle.   .Inl)   6,   7,
VANCOUVER���Home Schedule
In  Northwestern  League for  1917
Tacoma, Jut]  11, IS,  13. 14.
. _i.
Tacoma, Km 11.
��� ���   .    i   .
.. j i. ���_..'.
Taeoma, A I, .-��� pt   1.
Vol. VI., No. 3���Kstal.lished 1911.
Price Five Cents
Surnaby Plans to Borrow Money
To Help Out Moving Picture Promoters
ONE ni the most unusual startling   promotion
evei   undertaken   in  the   Province  where  lhe  wild-1%^     ihe conscription  "I   Canada's  man  power   lias
tuts have in years past enjoyed a wide range is thej been an unpleasant revelation in tlic citizens at large,
.cheme wbeiel v tin- people ol Burnab) are being gulled I M0t many of u_- would have believed that over two
-to subsidising a moving picture concern, the assets of thousand men and women could be found here who
Pro-Germans Fostering Spirit of
| AuTt-conscription in Vancouver
.4^| HE strength of the opposition in Vancouver tu
ch consist  largely  of  filmy  plans.
Id liiini and jeer at crippled returned soldiers
Financial men will be shocked to hear that Burnaby  ...,,,  ,.lU|U lllen,   witl,  "having KOt  what  thev  went
is already practically Closed with the concern calling
tsef the Dominion Film Corporation, whereby it prom
ses to pay large sums to the promoters.
Assuming that thc "picture corporation" is bona fide,
it would indeed bc poor business at tbis time to lend any1
public aid to the undertaking.    This is a time when lux-.
after," who would heap insult upon insult on "the
flag that braved a thousand vear-. the battle and the
I breeze."    But it lias happened, to the lasting shame
if Vancouver.
In no other country in the world would a gather--
,    ,   ,      , | ine such as was held in the Labor Temple on Sunday
���incs arc to be laid aside and every cent and every par-   .  ��    , .   ,      ,   , ���    .1 ..:''..,,..,
,     , , *. ''    , have been tolerated, not even in those countries where
tide of energy devoted to conserving our resources and
milding up production and aiding generally in defence
1  the country.
The whole enterprise looks decidedly irregular. It is
���up to the people of Burnaby to consider well the advice
the right of free speech is recognized, for when free
speeeli passes the bounds of decency and becomes
sedition-- language, the protecting arm of the law is
necessarily withdrawn, and the man who gives voice
to disloval sentiments must face the consequences.
Hundreds of the men. in the Labor Temple expressed their willingness to live under German rule.
The worst  fate we could  wish them  is that their 1
desire may be gratified, that they may have a taste
of the Prussian domination they sn admire.
Xot only were a majority of the rabid Socialists'
at the meeting Pro-Germans, but some of the speak-1
ers were almost certainly of Teutonic extraction. One
ganhng political or religion, creeds. Therefore, :i
seems logical that if tlie British sailor ri-k- lii- life
to defend Canada, the Canadian should bc willing i"
thoulder a rifle to defend Britain. It is onlj fair
after all.
In fairness to the majority of the anti-con crip
tionists, ii must l��- admitted that it i- not cowardice
that keeps them away from tlie battlefield, lt is a
perverted principle. They allow themselves to be
swayed by class demagogues, by local issues, or by
racial feelings. A few may oppose conscription bc-
cause they are afraid of being called upon to don the
khaki, but they are in the minority. The average man
does not fear death. Why should he; it is certain;
ii is, as Frohman said when he stood on the deck of
the sinking Lusitania "the most wonderful adventure
in life."
tion movement.
not fear, is back of the
"Let George Do It."
111 their reeve before going forward with tbis experiment individual in particular started off his red-rag speech
which if carried through will hold the municipality upI <w$th a fine Irish brogue, but the Emerald flavor wore
is a joke in tbe eyes of the financial world. 1 out as |lt. became more and more excited in denounc-
Motiou picture experts will laugh at the nerve and1
audacity of the promoters of this "Dominion film cor-
-iinralion." Tbis week they arc advertising in thc Burnaby paper for several hundred people to wnrk at their
studio." "Experience is not necessary!" they declare
:n large type.    Wages from Sl.;Ml to $5.00 a day.
ing tlie infamy of fighting for the preservation of
civilization, and by the time he finished his speech
was as gutteral as that of any other subject of Wilhelm.
But he got away with it. And it is said there are
still -cures of scheming Germans and Austrians enjoying Britisli liberty in Vancouver, and hundreds in
British Columbia.    So much for the crying injustice',
CONFIDING COUNCILLORS   OF    BURNABY   TO ���f British rule these men are blaring about.
We reprint herewith the advertisement which we
believe marks the whole transaction as being most irregular.
As the by-law will receive its lliiril reading next
Monday, it is expected the company will begin laying
int the plant before the end of June, when all plans and
surveys will have been completed.
Available Positiohs���Those who desire to apply for
same should address the company at its present executive
offices. 411-12-13 Orpheum Building, stating age. qualifications, and, salary  desired.
Business department���Secretary, private secretary,
purchasing agent, cost accountant, five stenographers.
Grounds department���Superintendent of grounds, receiving and stores clerks, manager construction department,   carpenters,   laborers,  gardener,   officer.
Producing department���Five assistant camera men.
bead property man and assistants, twenty old people
<both sexes), twenty-five young people (both sexes),
twenty-five middle-aged people (both sexes), stage carpenters, property man and assistants, papier-mache
maker, location man, art director (man with architectural experience), employment manager, four scenic artist
��� Wardrobe department���Designer and assistants, four
seamstresses,  two apprentices, presser and cleaner.
Sale and Advertising department���Office sales manager,  advertising  manager and designer.
Laboratory department���Five apprentices, film manager, advertising manager and designer.
An analysis of the make-up   of these   anti-conscription gatherings would be interesting.   (Jndoubt-|
edly the main spirits, even among the Socialists, would,
be found  to be the pro-German  element  made   up
largely of N'orwiegans, Swedes and Danes, who have
been hostile to the cause of the allies, ever since the |
war started, and who in spite of innumerable overt
acts against their countries by the Central Powers,
have hardened their hearts to the cry of humanity, all
because of tbe riches wliich the war was bringing to
their national coffers; they were willing to sacrifice
their national honor 011 the altar of Mammon.
The American undesirables, self-styled the IndttsJ
trial Workers of the World, are always present in,
large numbers. Wherever there's trouble there's
I.W.W.'s. They have no respect for any law but
their own desires, which is that others should toil)
and they should reap. To them discord and strife is;
as the breath of life; the rottener llie cause the greater
the support it may expect from this rabble.
A third element comes from the mother country,
from the ranks of the Sinn Feiners. from the remnant of malcontent Scotchmen brooding over tlie
wrongs of their ancestors, from the slums of the big
English cities, men, who. in other lands, would be
anarchists and criminals, because of their ingrained!
hatred of the "master class," and their obsession by
one dominant idea of injustice.
The women must also be considered, for they turtt
out in large numbers. Some are of the emotional |
type, fearing death or damage to their loved ones
more than disaster to their nation; some are of the
religious type, believing literally in the commandment
Thou Shalt Xot Kill." under all circumstances, and
Charges Against Fire Chief Carlisle
Turned Out to Be Merely a Damp Squib
""Tr"* X the interests of harmony in the Vancouver
,A,    fire department. Capt. R. II.  Forsyth, chief
engineer and for many years connected with the brigade, was summarily dismissed by the civic fire and
police committee on Wednesday. A couple of days
earlier Forsyth had been suspended by hire Chief
Carlisle, pending an investigation wliich the engineei
had asked into a number of charges he brought
against the chief.
Instead of being prepared to go ahead with his
charges when thc committee met, Forsyth sent in a
very tame letter mentioning that the acts complained
of were several years old; that his witnesses were out
nf the city; that he had no money to engage a lawyer
to conduct his case, and therefore felt it his duty to
make a complete withdrawal.
So the squib fizzed out. Another scandal didn't
materialize. It proved to bc another case of a subordinate with a grouch against his chief, and trying
to stick a knife into liis back to get even.
Forsyth, apparently, has been the chronic grouser
of the fire department for the past eight or ten years.
He has never been satisfied with his job, and has done
his best to spread trouble among the other men by
ventilating real and imaginary grievances. A fireman's life is not a happy one at the Ix-st, and they
have plenty to put Up with without having to everlastingly endure the presence of Old Man Grouch in
their midst.
The fire chief did a wise thing when he suspended
Forsyth, but thc action was unduly delayed. When
a (nan is dissatisfied with his boss, his job and his
pay, and hasn't got sense enough to quit and hunt
up a more congenial occupation, it's up to the employer to put the bonis to him.
There are a few more Forsyths in the fire department, and a few in the police force, who should
be given the option of getting reconciled to conditions
or shedding their uniforms in double-quick time,
There are better men always ready to step into their
Germany Would Ma/ft- SJwri Shift of
Anli-Conscriplionisls and _Sedil.onisis
\ German) every able-bodied man has to serve
a term oi years in the army. They have conscription.
Also, /German) has the largest percentage ��� :
Socialists among it- population of any country in
the world.
Socialists are opposed to compulsary military
-ervice. When tbe first rumors 01 a possible war
rumbled through the world we heard of how the
German Socialist- would refuse to take up arms
against their French, Russian and English comrades.
Thev would be shot on their doorsteps iirst. Never,
never would tliey obey an order to fire on the enemy.
And a lot more of thi- guff.
What happened? Well, a cartoon published in
The Bystander in September. 1914, and widely copied, expressed it very thoroughly. It showed, in parallel pictures, a Socialist meeting with the members
wildly denouncing the idea of war, and vowing never
to bend beneath the Prussian military yoke; tbe other
picture showed the same greasy Germans, all in uniform, goose-stepping it towards the front, prodded
along with bayonets and swords, and singing "Gott
Straffe Eingland."
Germany gave these raving Socialists a chance
to make good their boast that they would refuse to
fight, but there was no argument. They were, figuratively -peaking, lined up against a wall, and given
the choice of stepping into a uniform or -lopping a
bullet. There was no idle discussion. It was Fight
or Fall.
Under German rule, a military cordon would
have been placed around the anti-conscriptionist
meetings here this week, and every man of military
age within the lines marched off to barracks and conscripted for immediate service. KoX only would they
have been made to tight, but they would have been
given a -teady place in the front lilies���where the
Prussian now keeps Belgian prisoners of war.     G
Truly, the tolerance of the Briton passeth all
Laboratory department���Five apprentices, film print- Others again are of the selfish type which believes that
���ers  (girls),  assemblers  (girls),  cutters  (girls),  shipping' the war is none of their business,
clerk, motion picture operator, assistant developer. Akin lo this last class of women are a number of
Miscellaneous���Watchman, janitor, head stable man,, Canadian men wdio are convinced that thev need not
extra help. concern themselves with the defence of the Empire.
Regarding Experience���To fill any ol tbe above posi- Many of these men are intelligent, but hopelessly
tions motion picture experience is not absolutely neces-1 biassed iu llieir viewpoint. They believe that only
sary, with the exception of the head property man, head I men who are willing to fight -dmuld be sent t" trance.
stage  carpenters and  motion picture  operator.
In applying for acting positions, applicants must send
a photo and give a full description of themselves.
In addition to the above, the company will have
places for a goodly number of Hurnaby beautiful girls.
If they have beauty, grace and what is known as personality, and photograph well, this is a chance for the girls.
The only preference given will be to shareholders;
otherwise Burnaby will have first chance.   Those waiting
Ladies Should Tend to Their Knitting
And Leave Stockmen Run lhe Range
iri HEX the good ladies who make up the organiza-
vi/     tion known as the Imperial  Daughters of thi
Empire undertake to express their view
stockmen should or should nol market veal calve.- and
lambs, they are talking through their chapeaux. Even
the fact that the United Stockmen of America recently urged the government not to pass, such ridiculous legislation didn't faze the ladies; of course they
understand the stock business better than the stock
men. Here's the veal and lamb problem in a nutshell: ninety per cent, of this young stock is killed
because otherwise it would die of starvation, or be
brought up by the farmer at a serious loss. There's
a limit to what can be dune on a farm in the way of
production, and not all the conventional conversation
in the world can change that.
forgetting thai the volunteer went long ago, and has
been fighting our battles for months or year-. They
think conscription should noi be introduced without!
a referendum, forgetting that the Canadian soldiers
wlm haw fallen on the field ni battle cannot vote,|
though it i- iheir cry for reinforcements thai has at
lasi stirred a lethargic government to tardy action.
Thev think that Canada should not fight unless attacked, not realizing that the  frontier of Canada is
employment should send in their applications at once as that wavering  first  line of trenches in   France   aud
_.'_._. _.  __..���,,   ,.     1 ,_.   _      _.'__'            t.   ���     ,-,   . 1...        o'l    ,i,:..i.   _��� 1~   l,__���   .1 ....��!, .
the  company  will  be   largely  a  co-operative  one.    It i
not unlikely that all  the heads of departments will bc
expected to have some interest in the company.
Also   employment   will  be   given   to  about  300  extra
People,   including  men.  women   and  children
ranging from $1.50 to $5 a day.
Of course there's no rush about it. but still some
people are begtniiig to wonder when we will learn
about the wonderful windfall the four patriotic fund
meters, i ney think Canada has dune enough
Enough! When every nation (except the colonies)
engaged in the grim struggle long ago conscripted
its entire man power, when Germany is still fighting
at salaries]on the soil of France and Belgium, when the German
fleet is still intact, when airship raids on undefended
English towns, with the murdering of nearly a hundred women and children, arc being resumed, when
the Belgium nation is in slavery, when Russia is on
the verge of throwing up the sponge, when France
and Britain arc in dire need of foodstuffs, when
Germany has a million more men in the fighting line
than idie had a year ago���is this a time to say Canada
has done enough?
They would, they say. fight if Canada were attacked. But how could Canada he attacked? To attack Canada would require a successful sortie from
the Kiel canal by the German navy, and the transporting of German troops across the Atlantic. But
for the silent day and night watchfulness of the
British navy in keeping the enemy bottled up Canada
would long since have been attacked, and what
chance would we have had of beating off the invader.
The Jack Tars of thc fleet do not question or parley
are to receive from the War Dance and  Carnival, and say "We will defend Britain, and Jet Canada lool-
It's almost a month since the affair closed, and a
financial statement would seem to he in order.
after itself."   They watch unceasingly in the interests
of the Empire, irrespective of different opinions re-
Sir Charles llibberl Tupper on a public platform
advocating conscription i a- a red rag to a bull to
the Labor men and Socialist, Since the eminent lawyer undertook- for a fat legal fei to enfranchise
the Japanese residents of British Columbia, he hasn't
had a friend among the working class, and it is as
well to recognize the fact. The horny-handed son of
toil has not lhe fine legal balance necessary lu look
al this Japanese question from an altruistic stand-
point; to him it is a sordid matter of bread and
Our Russian Ally Gone lo Seed;
Palched-up Peace With Turkey May Result
NLESS a Cromwell arise- phoenix-like from
the ashes of revolution. Russia can no longer
be counted upon as an effective ally in this war. The
country a- a political unit has already passed into a
state of disintegration, helped along no doubt by the
ever-present pro-German propagandists. Thc former
strong men of the Duma aud of the army are one
by one resigning their posts, and committees of workmen and -iildici's are attempting tu run the country.
Army commanders are warned by these committees
that they must not deal harshly with soldiers who
persist in fraternizing with the enemy, and Socialists
are discussing the probabilities and the possibilities
of a separate peace. So sure are the Germans that
Russia no longer possesses an effective war machine,
that enemy troops are being withdrawn, corps upon
corps, from the eastern front, and shipped on to the
west to reinforce the Hindenburg line. At the moment it is not probable lhat Cermany has more than
a fringe of her former effective force facing thc disintegrating Russian armies.
That Russia will receive 110 more financial aid
from the allies so long as tin- condition of affairs
on whether 1 lasts 's a matter of course, and it is far from likely
that Japan, the present chief source of army supplies,
will continue to manufacture and ship, with Russia's,
credit down to a low ebb, 110 funds in sight, and revolution rampant. The l'nited State-, under ordinary
conditions, was prepared to furnish large sums for
war purposes, but with im surety that the money
would be used fur the purposes intended, it is far
from likely tjiat there will be an>  forthcoming.
At 1 hi- writing it is stated that Turkey seeks a
separatf peine with Russia, offering as a basis thc
opening uf the Dardanelles tu Russian vessels of all
classes. _*his ma) In- only a rumor, hut some such
patched-up peace between tin- two countries i*- not
unlikely, and it would well serve Germany's ends,
and lead to -ume peaceful arrangements between the
Russians and themselves. The seriousness uf such
an arrangement arises from tin- fact that all thought
of starving Germany ami Attsl
with the opening tu them uf th<
ket, provided there is a surplus
latter country's own demands.
Feature is tli.it ghoul
tinttc in Russia, and
d di -appear
ian grain mar-
in I abi ive the
me consoling
1 tin- calamitous condition con-
ro from had to worse, as seems
civil war
thank the
If the habitant of Quebec tlireatenei
at thc prospect of conscription, you may
members of Borden's government therefore.
Probably the people of Quebec said to themselves
"Men who profit on the blood spilt by our countrymen are not fit to direct us as to our duty."
Our government has surely given these simple
people a great deal of excuse for uttering such words.
To us who read the daily newspapers, who are
informed upon world events, who have the benefit
of the best that civilization has to offer * * * *
we can figure out our duty in this war from a better
point of vantage. We can see that a blow to the
security of the liberties of small nations in Europe
is also a blow to our own security.
Jn the Justice Gait report on the Manitoba scandals, made public this week, the dishonorable Robber
Rogers is once again peppered with verbal buckshot,
bm it hasn't the slightest effect on the minister. Outside of calling Rogers a thief, crook, political assassin, hold-up man and traitor. Mr. Gait doesn't say
anv thing reallv nastv about Bob.
likely, wiih an upheaval uf the entire t itintry, and
lhe internal strife which i- -ure to follow, production
would no doubt he verv much curtailed. Indeed, if
Russia, in ils present chaotic state, raises food sufficient to keep the wolf from 'he dour, it will lie fortunate. As it now look-. Rus-ia in this war is a thing
ni the past, unless, as -aid before, a Moses can be
found who can lead them out of their wilderness of:*
internal strife and away from their present ill-starred
course.���Toronto  Saturday  Xight.
Liberals of Cariboo |
Raymond Leighton, !
wish to congratulate th
upon their selection of
Savona. as standard hearer in the forthcoming Inderal elections. Raymond Leighton is a returned solf
dier and a clean, progressive voting man. Opposed
to him will likely be J. T. Robinson, of Kamloops
an honorary captain, whose part in the present day
war was to draw dowm a good salary for wearing
his uniform on a political tour of the great Cariboo;
district. We are delighted to see that questions have]
been asked on the floor of the House at Ottawa rei
garding the mail contracts held by "Cap" Robinson-
contracts which net him immense profits. THs
Standard was thc- medium through which publij
attention was drawn lo Robinson's hold on tlie Fei
eral Treasury. TWO"
Office Space
In a big, well-lighted wareli ouse in tire heart of   tlie    wholesale
district���847-863 Beatty Street.
Every modern convenience for handling merchandise.
Phone US today for further par tieulars���Seymour 7.160.
Fireproof Warehouse: 786 Beatty Street Phone: Seymour 7360
In Memoriam
��� George Tag-gart ���
Address  given  at  Funeral  Service
s held in  Robertion  Presbyterian
Church,   Grandview,   Vancouver,
B. C, May 26, 1917.
i liv Rev, Richmond Craig)
li, ihis In.iii' ui sorrow, when we
are met here to weep with those wlm
weep, ami lament the loss ot a loved
one we can turn our thoughts to no
grander passage than that contained
in John's   Gospel,    the    fourteenth
chapter and lhe first verse. Let not
your heart be troubled. Yon believe
in God believe also in Me.
The scene is a memorable one in
the life of our Lord and Saviour, li
was enacted in the upper room in
Jerusalem, the evening prior to the
betrayal. The minds of the disciples
were disturbed at lhe thought of losing the friendship and cofnpany of
one whom they had learned lo love.
They had reached the parting of the
ways, and the realization oi man*
of their great expectations was not
likely to occur. They could nut understand the references to the igllom-
inons death on thc cross. This man
was a paradox to Ihem. They had
heard his call, and had followed him,
for three interesting and eventful
years. liul alas! Ihey were now in
sore   straights.
"The light of llieir lives was  fading.
Their  eyes  with  tears  were dim.
Their  rugged   hearts   were  shaken,
At thc  thought of losing  I lim."
Hut His grcat hiving heart grasped
thc situation, and although the burden of  His  Passion was upon  Him,
Canadian Northern Railway
7.00 p.m.    Leave   VANCOUVER   Arrive a.m. 11.00
9.45 p.m.    Arrive    Chilliwack    Arrive a.m.    S.1S
11.00 p.m.    Arrive    Hope    Leave a.m.    7.00
Full particulars may be obtained from any Canadian Northern Agent.
Phone Seymour 24S2
Press Comments on Conscription in Canada
The Labor View
Conscription! Meaning, of course,
conscription of men, has been on the
lips of every man in thc Labor world,
organized and' unorganized alike, for
the past week. This because the
federal government is likely to attempt to railroad through some edict
or other of the kind, without as much
as consulting the electorate. i\pr
has there been as much as mention
made of any effort to conscript the
collectively-used wealth of the country. Naturally there are many misgivings and utter lack of confidence
in a government that has no mandate
from (he electors. Under such circumstances if an attempt is made to
force conscription of man-cower
alone upon the country, there is
going to he a lively lime���aud it will
not he confined exclusively lo the
A good deal has been said since
the outbreak of the war about fighting for democracy, It has been more
than suggested that Canada is a democracy. Hut if tlu- word has any
meaning whatever, then the action n'i'
Premier Borden is most assuredly
conclusive evidence that he holds
contrary opinions. Otherwise the
edict ol "selective, conscription"
would  never  have  been  pronounced.
It is self evident that the premier
has listened t,, the siren-voiced gentry of Downing street, who, playing
upon his vanity, actuated him to ignore the fact that Canada is presumably at least a self-governing unit
possessing a constitution. Hence the
procedure adopted would tend to the
assumption that Sir Robert Borden
considers the time ripe to pull down
the old sign of democracy from the
deliberative assemblies and instal in
its place the discarded escutcheon of
Nicholas  Romanoff.
_ In a democracy a question of such
vital importance as compulsory enlistment should be submitted to those
who are factors in the struggle
Otherwise the much-mouthed word
is a misnomer, void of any real meaning.
If Premier Borden does not, nor
will not, give the electorate an opportunity of saying whether it has
any confidence in his government or
policies or not, then perhaps the
sooner it is made plain  the better
Organized labor will then know exactly what to expect and what to do.
���H.  C.  I-ederationist.
admire Canadians and Canadians to
despise Americans. While we were
saying, "How gallantly the Canadians have gone inl" they were saying "How cowardly of the Americans
to stay out!" We are in, now���in
up to the hilt���and it is America, not
Canada, that has dared to adopt selective conscription from the outset.
It has taken our example, plus attendance at the Imperial Conference
in London, to make Premier Sir
Robert Borden propose selective
conscription for Canada. It would
have come, of course, without Sir
Robert's assistance, for Canada has
reached the end of her volunteer resources. After sending 326,000 men
abroad, with 100,000 more in training
at home, she finds recruiting at a
standstill, although anywhere from
50,000 to HXj.OOO recruits are needed
to  repair   wastage.���Chicago  Tribune
A Logical Conclusion
Conscription has been accepted by
the people in this part of Canada as
the logical and necessary step which
lhe sitaution calls for. ' There are
different degrees of enthusiasm iu
the matter, but there is hardly any
open dissent. The only discordant
note struck has been by the small sec
tion of our population who call for
conscription of wealth before conscription of men. With such men it
is idle to argue. They will continue
objecting to whatever is done by this,
or any other government, as long as
a mysterious Providence permits
them to walk the earth. What would
happen if they were placed in control
of human affairs is being exemplified
just now in Petrograd.���Winnipeg
All American Men
War soon taught the Americans to
It Had to Come
It had to come. Thc only question
was when. Premier Borden comes
hack from London filled with the
conviction that now's the day and
now's the hour. And probably ere
this he has imparted to Sir Wilfrid
Laurier enough of the confidential
information gained by him in London
to secure his cordial assent. There
is a remarkable parallel between
Borden's course regarding conscription and that of Wilson concerning
the entry of America into the war.
In each case there was seeming ob-
tuseness and lethargy, but in each
case action was taken the moment
lhe whole country was prepared for
it. Each ruler now has a unanimous
nation behind them.���Hamilton Spectator.
The Late George Taggart
in unselfishness and love, He sought
lo comfort and console them. "juet
not your heart be troubled," said the
Supreme Comforter of Humanity,
"Ye believe in God, believe also in
All are subject to trials
.Vow the people of God, even the
most devoted, are subject to perplexities and troubles. Their anxieties,
however, are somewhat different
from those of the disciples, but they
are no less real. h"or this reason
our Christianity must be of a practical nature. W'e. must derive help
therefrom, for religion is not a didactic tiling that word's can give and
silence withhold. .It is a spirit, a
life, an inspiration, a spontaneous
union with God, and a contagious
glory from soul to soul.
Our trials come in many ways. We
have bodily afflictions; our plans  in
business  fail.    Uld  age  overtakes  us
and our homes are darkened by bereavements and sorrow.    Hut through
all  these our    trust    in    Christ    has
taught   us   that    through   grace   our
afflictions are  sanctified  to  us.    God
shines brightest when burnished, and
stars are more lustrous, in  the darkness  of  night.    We  cat!    commune
with  God  in   the  blackest   hour    oi
gloom,  and   the   richest   blessings   ol
the   new   covenant    are    oftentimes
sanctified  afflictions.
"Trials   must  and  w ill  befall,
But wilh humble  faith  to see
Love, inscribed upon  them  all,
This is happiness to me."
The  Assuranc-s  of  Faith
.'.oiik then at lhe advice our Savior gives for times like these: Ve
believe in God: In Him as the creator and preserver of the universe:
In llim and in all His power and
majesty and might as King of Kings
and Lord of Lords. Ve believe lhal
He had ordered all things right.
Then, "Shall not the judge of all the
earth do right."
"Believe also in Me" for 1 and my
Father are one���ali things whatsoever He doeth are made known to
me. Believe in the Divinity and Authority of My Mission, and in my
kind and constant care "I will not
leave you  comfortless."
And so Christ speaks with great
assurance to us here today, and asks
us to trust Him with our trials and
sorrows. He asks us lo have Faith
in His mediating life, love, and
death, and to put our greatest trust
in the power of His Resurrection for
that is the joy note-gf the Christian
religion. He has uurst the bonds of
death, for has He not said, "I am the
Resurrection and the Life" and fit's
promises stand sure for ever."In my
Father's house are many mansions,
if it were not so I would have told
you. I will not leave you comfortless." Come unto Me all ye that
weary, and are heavy laden and I
will give you rest.
Let not your heart bc  troubled,
Though you stand by an open grave.
In the hour of deep bereavement,
Bc confident and brave.
Let not your heart be troubled
At the, thought oi the va.-t unknown;
Through   the door a:   lhe end  ol   llu
Ve shall nut pass alone.
I'or He  who died  lu  save  us,
Will come again at ihe last:
Ami  Ile  will  slay beside  you,
Till death itself is past.
Why We Mourn
It is ill these words that we who
an- met here today wish to express
our sympathy with, and sorrow for,
the relatives and relations of him
whose tragic demise we mourn witli
great and  overwhelming grief.
Since the happening i.l ihis sad
event that has overshadowed us all
with a deep pall-like gloom, much
has been written concerning the career oi our departed friend. I'he main
fads concerning his life have been
well  told.
ile was born in Xew Jersey 07
years ago, and lived in lite Xorth oi
Ireland until he was 14 years of age,
when he came to Glasgow where he
remained for almost 50 years. He
occupied the highest places in civic
life, and was an honored citizen ana
burger of no mean city.
He was a familiar figure in the
east end of the city of Glasgow aim
had lhe distinction of representing
his ivard in the city council and magistracy  for  nine years.
Si., years ago he came lo this lasi
West and during that lime his name
has become an almost household une
in mir western city and life.
One Man in a Generation
George l'aggart was one num ol
a generation, A character thai can-
not be duplicated. One of those men
who stand alone. The passion ol
his life long connection with all thai
was purest aud best in the development of this science, that his memory will remain fresh with us, and
the fragrance of his life will sweeten
for man'y of us the rest of life's highway, that we may, in God's good pro-
lidence, yet have to travel.
A Great Choirmaster
Mr. Taggart was a choirmaster of
international reputation, and his
name and fame are inseparable from
such aggregations as the Glasgow
Select Choir, The Scottish Philharmonic Society and the Western
1 riple Choir of onr own cily. As a
church choir leader he had few equals
For 27 years he was organist and
\fhoir master in John St. parish
church, Glasgow���without money
and withoul price. He loved the
work and gloried in the service of
praise. He sings today the triumphant Hallelujah chorus of the redeemed in  glory.
A Genial Soul
His characteristics were many. A
loving father; a devoted husband;
sincere friend; loyal and unselfish
citizen, and patriot, are terms that
might well be'used in paying tribute
tu the memory of our translated brother, fellow-worker and friend. But
these words fail to convey the true
impress of his great character. He
was all these and yet far mure.
Hts courtesy and urbanity of manner gained for him an entrance into
ali hearts and lives. His geniality uf
temperament and his native humor
endeared him to all who were privileged In call him  friend.
Always busy, always happy, he
made the very most of a great life,
lhe shadows passed quickly over
him and lhe sun shone out iu full
strength, and his loving nature re-
llccted with ample contrast and perspective, Ihe beauty uf the full-orbed
Made His  Contribution
I'.very man receives an opportunity
in the world to make his contribution
tn the world's good. Some men
never realize their opportunity. W'e
cannot say that of George Taggart.
through the avenue ,,i music, he
made his contribution and his reputation is empire'wide. We shall lav
his bndy to rest today and the place
that knew his well known and familiar figure will know it nn more for
ever, But his spirit will ever live,
It goes marching on, for it eaiinot
da". Ihroiigh his distinguished family and through the many Institutions
with  which  he   was associated,    lie
being dead will ever speak. To all
eternity ihc influence of life is felt
and until (he day breaks and the
shadows fall away, his contribution
In tl,e world's good will bear fruit
His epttah might well be "He left
the world belter than he found it. lie
hath done what he could to sweeten
life and brighten its scenes. What
within it was dark, he helped tn illumine, what was low he strove to
raise and support.
Hts life had many compensations.
He was spared to a good age and
was active and vigorous. He had
been blessed with a family that has
gladdened a father's heart. His home
was his castle, and love was - the
septrc. His domestic felicity was
beautiful and gracious. His joys and
sorrows were borne with grace and
affection by her who over 40 years
ago promised to be true unto death,
rhat time has now come and we are
here to met to offer, in the name of
our Loving Lord and Master, our
sympathy and communion in the
hour of bitter parting. We rejoice
m the memory of the departed, and
give thanks to a Kind Father for his
life and work here below, and we
implore the aid of the power in which
he so securely trusted, for his relict
and  her family in  this  lone  hour.
"When thou passest through the
waters, I will be with thee, and
through the rivers they shall riot
overflow thee." Cast thy burden on
the Lord and He shall sustain thee
and strengthen thee and keep thee.
When the City Woman
Advises the Fanner's Wifei
Farmers' Wives Are Told Fruit Yes, That's the Kind of Advm
Can Be Canned, Vegetables We Get From Office Girl
Raised and Money Saved by Who Do Not Know a Potalo [
Not  Buying Fine Clothes. Ricer From a Soap Shaver.
With the farm women uf (his country lies the sacred charge oi preset\-
Ing llieir nation  iu  its hours uf peril.
'I'he farm woman shares with her
farmer-husband his solemn responsibility. 'In farmers' wives and daugn-
ters, in large measure, rests the late
of the war and the fate of the nations. The farmer must raise gram
and  tilled   crops  and  live  stuck.
Vuu, the farmer's wife, helped by
your daughter, while your husband
and sun tend the fields, can produce
and preserve the world's supply uf
vegetables, poultry and eggs. ^ \ ou
can alsu guard.lhe world supplies by
economizing  in   food  and  clothing.
Produce vegetables iu such abundance as never before. brum your
garden, be ready tu supply, not only
your family, but the world. Till every
available square foot uf ground. Prepare lhe seed bed wilh utmost care.
Plant only what ynu knuw you can
grow, -Make successive plantings tu
keep up 100 per cent, production:
Even July is not ton late In set out
many vegetables. Make every seed
produce by spraying fur insects,
treating for disease, killing every
weed.    The  children  will help.
Produce poultry and eggs in record-breaking quantities, as substitutes fur meat. When prices nf mutton, beef, pork, become prohibitive,
Europe and America will depend on
your flock fur a share oi its protein
Preserve surplus supplies; vegetables and fruits can be preserved by
canning. Use pressure cooker am!
lien, quick, sure Cold pack luelh ��i.
Dry and sail such supplies as cannot
be canned. Store mot crops carefully. Meats can be preserved by
canning and  salting.
Eggs can be preserved by liquid
glass method. Begin imw, while e._;g-
are plentiful, to preserve for next
winter's scarcity.
Use the world's supplies cautiously. Tfirift counts. Save every possible bit of food stuffs. If you don't
need it someone else does. Health
and strength of your family can be
kept at highest efficiency by foods
which the body needs, not by careless groupings of food at each meal.
When apples, small fruits and vegetables are rotting faster than ymi
can care for them, call up the ladies'
aid society in the neighboring town
and offer your surplus to those who
will cumc to gather them.
When the decreasing wool supplies
and other textiles of the world are
low next winter, economize in making or buying  every  garment.
The only thing I can do is lo in.'.
and to mc il seenis llie height .
presumption t" preach thrift tu farm
women. The one class uf Cauadia
women who know the meaning ol tie
word and practice it in all ils mm Jj
and lenses are farm women, and for
ihe governmeni or any oi its menials,
In preach thrift t" farmers' wives
seems tn me little short of an insult.
U hal is the use of urging farm
women tu make gardens and can /I
iheir surplus? Don't they wear them.
selves nut doing that, even in times
uf plenty? Why tell ihem to use
milk and eggs because meat is high,
ivheii fresh meal is always a scarce
article about the farm home, due i ,
the distance from market Why advise eggless cakes, wilh eggs in Maj
to economize on butter, with butter
at 45 cents retail, Why advise them
at the price it is now? Why advise
thc women to wear last years's suit
this year, when a large part uf them
have done that for five years bad .
and a certain smaller per cent li
leu nr more? Why? But why _, .
on with it? Haven't you read it and
heard it. dear women, until ymi an
heartsick of the idea of economy, ai
tilled with a mad desire In go nut an
plunge into all manner uf wild extra
vagances, even to $1-. white I-;
shoes? I have, and smne day, ver)
soon, tun. I'm going lu show my fillings in the matter by treating f -
family tu a three-inch porterhou.-
steak, flanked with mashed potafoi -
ami garnished with stuffed, hpthousi
The trouble with the thrift talk is
tli.u it is always read only by the
conscientious women, who know tin
whole thing hi- heart and are earn-
estly striving t-> dn their best. Tin
sort of women who really need il
never read it. They are buried in
the fashion pages.    If a woman    is
i inclined to be thrifty and conscientious, she doesn't need anyone to tell
1 her how. She fimls her own ways.
fitted tn her own needs. If she is
hut     su     inclined     no    amount    'of
'"canned" advice sent Out by the government, nor real fresh matter written in an office by some girl who
doesn't know a potato ricer from a
soup shaver is going to make her see
, the error of her ways.
The only tiling I see for th average working woman to help is just
keep on the even tenor of her way.
Her "bit" seems to me to be the
same old "bit" she has been doing
for ages, just to serve at home cheerfully, conscientiously, hopefully. It's
our war, but we can't fight. Our part
is simply clean living, and doing our
bit at home, away back out of the
Saskatchewan Sells Livestock to Farmers on Credit
Three years ago the Saskatchewan
Legislature passed a law providing
for the expenditure of $500,00.) in'
purchasing livestock to be sold mi
credit terms to farmers. Up to date
1,634 head of cattle, including 2.15
pure-bred bulls, have already been
sold, as well as 5,257 sheep. The
classes uf slock supplied consist nf
pure-bred bulls of the right type and
of suitable age for breeding, grade
cows of popular breeds, pure-bred
boars and rams and grade sows and
ewes. The terms of payment are
that purchasers able to pay cash are
required lo do so, aud that all purchasers must pay at least 25 per cent,
cash. Unpaid balances are payable
terest ai six per cent. Up In $4(10
in one or two instalments, with in-
worth of stock can be bought by paying one-quarter cash, and up to $1,000
worth can be bought by paying one-
half  cash.    All  buna-fide   farmers  iu
Saskatchewan who are members oi
any agricultural society, grain growers'^ association, nr co-operative assn-
ciaiion are eligible Io (bus receive
assistance, During the fall season
when stuck shipments from the prairies are most numerous, the department maintains an experienced cattleman in Winnipeg to make purchases,
Nor can we forget the members
who are not here today. We especially remember the soldier lad nver-
seas aiu) shall pray that grace will
be given him from on High lo bear
this terrible blow. May they all
seek that resignation and comfort
found in the promises of our Master,
and may their hopes be that
"When  on earth  they    breathe    nn
The  prayers oft mixed    with    tears
They'll sing upon a happier shore,
i'hy  will  be done."
Death Does Not End All
And as we look  for  the  last  time
into  the  face of our beloved friend,
let us remember that death does not
end all.    In our Father's  House are
many Mansions.    And  with  the solemn    warning    of  a   sudden    death
fresh  in  our hearts,  let us take heed
to ourselves, for, in such an hour as
ye think not, the Son of Man Cometh,
And   thus  trusting in   Him   who    is
faithful,  and who  has  promised,  let
us  take  leave of him   whom  we all
so  sadly  mourn.
"Thy day has come,  not gone.
Thy sun has risen, not set.
Thy  life  is  now beyond
The   reach  of Death  and   Change.
Not  ended���but  begun.
O!  Noble Soul! O!  Gentle  Heart!
Hail!   and   Farewell.
Farming With the Government as a
^Illustration work in crop pruduc-
tion and cultural methods is being
carried on in the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan by lhe Department uf Agriculture of the Dominion
government, and some very interesting results are expected this year.
The co-operation uf farmers owning or operating land favorably situated fur the carrying on of such
wurk is secured, lhe farmer putting
under the direction uf an officer of
thc Dominion Experimental farm
system a part nf his farm having a
good wide frontage on a well-traveled highway, each field having the
same .frontage along the same highway so lhal the crops and cultivation
are unavoidably iu evidence to the
casual traveler and easily inspected
by  the  interested  visitor.
'I'he firsl year lhe department furnishes the seed necessary tn snw
such of Ihc fields as il is decided lo
put under crop lhal year, lu subsequent years the farmers saves enough nf the best of the crops grown
on these fields lu do tiie necessary
seeding. This, uf course providing
the urain produced i�� satisfactory as
in purity and germinative power.
All cultural and harvesting operations in connection with these fields,-
including the pinning, harrowing,
soiling and threshing of the grain,
are dune by Ihe farmer. All the
above wurk is done iu exactly such
a way and at exactly such a time as
directed by the Dominion experimental farms system. The farmer
keeps a record of the amount of time
taken lu perform the different operations on each field and the grain
harvested is threshed separately so
that the exact yield of each field is
The records of the work and of
the crops resulting together with
brief notes made by the farmer each
week, are duly entered on blank
forms provided for the purpose and
each week the farmer mails to the
Central Experimental farm at Ottawa, a form filled out with particulars
as to the work done, general weather
conditions  and   crop  progress.
In this way the farmers of various
districts of the two provinces will
bc apprised of the results and the
best way to operate tlieir farms to
obtain   these  results.
The customers keep the grocers in
business,  but   the   latter  are  not  inclined   to  give   them   much   credit-
not more than 30 days.
��� # *
The Russians Seems to have secured a laying strain of the Austrian
prisoners. They have laid 1-200 miles
of new railroad. t-ii
SATURDAY,  JUNE  2,   1917
A Tkrffliiifflg Low�� Sfeo>iry
in th�� days o(F 1776
Wall Rimini 12 GEjeseoaftnve
Weelkg In TIfoe Slcaumdlaurdl
In the year of grace 177-1. a climbing Min glowed above His Majesty's
Colony "f Virginia, li drank the
Opal mists of the marshes, flecked
the fields into shadow-haunted cloth-
Ol'-gold, and SO unrolled  over  the old
' middle       plantation," ��� where,      a
mud   century   before,   liacon   and   his
men had taken the bath against England,���a drowsing, yellow mid-Ma)
Two quickened river-, like silver
girdles unclasped, wound through tlie
lowandl, from where phantom-far lay
lhe shadows of pines' against the
color-washed line of sky, sharp
edged and black, in gigantic pointed
fronds. Tbe rivers rolled broadly
to the sea, holding between them a
green valley sweet with the warm
perfumes of leaf and flower, and thi_
valley folded to its heart Williamsburg, the gay little capital.
The teal and mallard that winged
over from New York to James looked down thereon and saw a single
broad thoroughfare shaded by poplars and mulberries, with William
and Mary College at one end and the
aiew capitol at the other. Straggling
streets of wlde-porched houses bordered with gardens debouched upon
this; and spreading away in all directions, like gathere ribbons���by
league-long plantation and through
broken forest���went tawny, twisting
Alung one of these roads, by
slumps of rustling laurel, came a
great coach with green body and
brown cloth, bearing the arms of the
Tillotsons of Gladden Hall. A black
body-servant rode behind it a-horse-
The coach, which rolled thumping
and swinging ponderously where the
way was rugged, pleasantly and very
lightly where the road was smooth,
held and matron and a slender girl.
The latter vvas of that age when nature paints with her richest brush.
Her hair was a wave of russet lights,
with shadows of warmer brown. Her
face, rose-stained, was the texture of
a rose. Her mouth, below serious
���eyes of blended blue, gave a touch
of wilfulness. If there was inteut-
ness on the brow, so was .there lan-
sruor in the lips, red, half-ripe, the
upper short and curved to smile. She
was all raptures���all sapphire and
rose-gold,  against  the  (lark   cushion,
Both, as they rode, were silent,
looking out through either wide window upon the warm, scent-steeped
glimpses of the way. All along were
waving reaches of wheat, where the
poppy flung its wrinkled splash nt
red) or acres of young growing tobacco, wherein sweating slaves toiled
listlessly, their sungs woven with the
undertone' of the sluggish stream,
slashed by reviling oaths and whip-
crackings of a bearish overseer. At
thc dusty edges of the mad thistle
and wild honeysuckle scrambled for
their breath, and cowslips went spinning yellow ribbons. It was a slltin-
liernus land, swathed in a tremulous
"haze of heat and a wash nf sun.
"Anne." said the matron at length,
withdrawing her gaze from the window.
"Yes, aunt  Mildred."
"Do you intend to treat that boy
The girl was silent, gazing acmss
the fields, watching the birds' slender
flashings  in  the  olive  hollows.
"Vou haven't answered my question."
"What question?"
"Do you intend to treat that boy
"What boy?" inquired Anne with
a sweetness that boded other things.
"Francis Hyrd."
"I intend to treat him as 1 always
have.    N'o better, no worse."
"The world has changed since my
time." reflected Mrs. Tillotson,
"Maids deemed themselves lucky to
have one gallant and wasted small
time in wedding. Last winter 1
thought it had been Captain .lariat.
Now be is left fm' Molly Byrd t"
make eyes at���lhe way lhat woman
acts! So I suppose ii will be with
"Let them cease arranging things
for me. then," cried Anne. "I will
mil be put Up ami bargained 'or. 1
will De the subject of no family councils. I will wed when and whom 1
Her aunt looked a bit startled at
the  outburst.
"Of course, m" cmirse," she assented mildly. "Hut ymi don't please
You're eighteen���two years older
than 1 was when I married yum
uncle. Francis Hyrd ni Westover is
the pick of them all."
"He is a mere boy." Anne's tone
heli^ a growing impatience.
��� "He is not too young," went on
Mrs. Tillotson, "to take stock of all
you say. But remember, dear, that
he is to wear the royal colors now.
'Tis all well enough for you and me
to be open Whigs���we don't have to
do any oath-taking, and they don t
hang us. But king's men can nut be
so free of tongue."
"You'll  stay to supper,  of  course,
asked   Betsy,   linking     an     arm     in
Anne's.    Brother   Frank   will    fetch
you home."
"Not today."
"Mother will want to tell you about
Frank's royal commission," pursued
Betsy. "'Come in for a moment. Do.
But the mistress of Westover was
otherwise occupied. In fact, the
girls entered the wide, cool hall to
find a storm lowering.
Mrs. Byrd was not only young,
pretty, a second wife, ajid tbe possessor of a husband who was one "I
the governor's council, but she was
Conscious  of all  these  things.
Her husband did not remember as
often as did she that the gay' colonel,
liis father, had been bosom friend of
the learned Charles Boyle in England and a Fellow of the Royal Society. She reminded him frequently o!
die  fact that the old wit had been a
- Iiolar and had left l'i H cstover,
where he lay under a monument in
the garden, ihe best private library
in the Colonies, not even excepting
that of Mr. John Bordley oi Maryland.���-am: a garret full of writings,
His porlait hung there���a face a-
clear and a_ beautiful as a woman's,
framed   iu   a   curling   peruke   of   the
time "i Queen Anne.
As for the present master of West-
over, much to her irritation, he cared
little inure for sight of St. James
than fur the heaped-up manuscripts
iu the garret. He contented himself
with "-ijting in the council chamber
at Williamsburg and riding alter
foxes at Westover, when his gout let
Xuiv Mrs. Byrd. consciously impressive, leaned against the while
paneling iu a posture which showed
ller plump   figure   to advantage.
" 'Tis high time.'* she wassaying,
settling the yellow point de Venisc
al her throat, "that Francis be spoken
t" about it.    (Come iu, Anne.)"
The colonel, bowing as gallantly to
Anne as his gouty leg propped nil a
chair would permit, shifted his powdered   wig  in   some   discomfort.
"Frank will get no harm from Patrick Henry." he said. "Ile is too
"Mayhap you call it im harm, sir,"
persisted Mrs. Byrd. "tn see your
son���you a member uf the council���
bobbing with that shiftless wag.
Sooth, then. 1 do The malt-bugs
of the tavern are his betters. (No,
dont go. Anne') Francis is daft
about him, sir. And the boy's royal
commission just come. Oh. 'tis t--"
bad "
Colonel Byrd straightened hi- ruffles   carefully.
"Vou go lo the ball, uf course,
Anne?"  he  asked.
But his wife was not tn be shut off
"Small preferment," the lady went
nti. "will Francis get from I,on! Dun-
more if he continues, The governor
keeps himself informed. Every one
knows that Patrick Henry is tl'.?' very
front of all these rebel doings! (Yes.
yon need give me no look, Anne. 'Tis
the word I meant to use. Rebel
doings! Rebel doings! i And for
my  sun���a  Willing���to���"
"Zounds! Your son is a Byrd,
| ma'am!"    This  from   the   colonel.
"For my son tu associate with a
Inn country demagogue, half the
time dressed in buckskins like that
shabby burgess from Louisa County
you brought to dinner last week, and
to gu to his crazy meetings at the
Raleigh I I thought his stay abroad
would have weaned Frank of that.
That and the commission. But no!
lie comes home talking the gibberish
of that mealy-mouthed Charles Fox
that he learned in his dreadful London club. 1 look yet to see him pul
off his king's uniform and disgrace
us all."
"Pshaw!" said Colonel Byrd. nevertheless uneasily. "Frank's all
right. Thc young blade will take
to~ the army like a duck to the water.
Zooks! Tliere is no harm in the
Apollo Room. Jefferson is steady
enough, and he is ever there."
"Tom Jefferson!" ejaculated the
lady. Think you he is much better?
A free-thinker! He and Henry are
pitch and toss. La! A squeak of a
fiddle, and both of them will dance
Jefferson used to be gay enough with
it at Governor Fauquier's musick-
ings. Everybody knows he spends
half bis time when he is in Williams*
burg at the rooms of that papist
actor Alberti, and so does Henry.
I marvel if Francis does not know
him, too."
The colonel sighed. If the truth
must be told, the same uneasiness
was in his soul. But, being masculine, he did not admit it to his wife.
"I'll lay a crown you'll dance with
Master Henry tomorrow night,
Anne."  volunteered   Betsy    wickedly.
Anne was looking through the
large window, sashed with crystal
glass, and there were little blue
sparke snapping iu her eyes She
made no reply, but under her skirt-
edge, her red slipper, like a burnished tongue, went tapping the polished
"I should Ihnik. Anne, remarked
Mrs. Byrd, with acidity, toying with
a rose-jar from which the Duke ol
Cumberland had mice plucked a bud,
"that you would have more regard
for your bringing up. 1 never had
to be  reminded of mine."
Mrs. Byrd never looked younger
or mure handsome than when remembering this. In her soul the soothing and ever-present consciousness of
being born a Willing of Philadelphia
was emtiblmed like a fly in amber.
If she could have had her way. she
would have had the master of \\ esl-
over dining at four, like the Cadwal-
aders and Shippe'ns and the rest of
the Church of England set there.
."A Tillotson," she continued raptly
"danciug~at the burgesses' ball with
the husband of a tavern girl!"
Anne turned, her eyes glowing the
color  of burning  brandy*.
"And why not?" she cried. "Why
not? Mr. Henry is a burgess of \ ir-
"Aye. a burgess���from the woods!
A  lick-dish for the country votes!"
"Molly!" Her husband's tone was
gathering   remonstrance.
''He is a gentleman!'' Anne flared,
with wrathdark eyes. "A courteous,
honorable gentleman! And he has
more in his head than any four ol
them  together."
"Hightvtighty!" exclaimed Mrs.
Byrd. "More rebellion, ymi mean!
I "should  think so."
Looking, Betsy felt a strange wonder. She did imt always understand
the other. "Why like you Master
Henry as you do, Anne?" she asked
"Because," cried  Anne  hotly,    "he
is  a   man a   mail���not    a   gallant.
lie has something more to do than
the wits of the Raleigh Tavern or
thc Jenny Jessamys of the  Assemb
lies. He knows nn fine ipeeches! Ile
spends no hours twirling a love-lock
nor leather-biting ovei dolorous sonnets, um- petting hi- ruffles, nor dii -
ing  in  the    Apollo    l< nl    Oh,    I
grow sick of the macaronis nnd their
silken compliments ..nd drets-iwon -
��� ll .i- ui'i- a- nanny-hens! And the
vcrsei thei mite in the Gazette!
"l'i- mawkish! What dn they do?
What do they know? The breed "i
i bird, The latest fashion of pinchbeck   shoe-buckles   from   Annapolis."
Mrs.   Byrd   sniffed.
"A pity he married the tavern-
keeper's daughter!'' -be said. ''Ynu
might have had him and his buckskin breeches!"
Betsy laughed at mis. "Bless me!"
she sighed. "What a blow that bad
been for Captain Jarrat!" Then, repenting, she ran after Anne as she
swept grandly nut and threw an arm
around   her  neck,
"Don't be angry, dear."-she said
"And you are. I shall feel all tu
Paulina was still at the gate.
"Haste!" she called under her breath
Here comes  Mr. Jefferson."
"Lack." said Betsy. "Speak nf the
dev���1 mean���there is Mr. Henry
with  him."
"I marvel Mr. Jefferson likes
him!" quoth Anne, a gentle sarcasm
ruffling  her anger.
Mistress Byrd did nut note the
tune. "Aye." she responded, "so du
I. Ile has a tongue, though. Father
says ii has made mure trouble for
the colony than all the exclusion acts
put together. He looks a very uncouth creature!" she added. "See
that moth-eaten hunting cap. And
those horrid leather clothes!" This
was in a low tone, for the approaching men were come within ear-shot
aud were even then doffing headgear   tn   them.
The two were vastly dissimilar.
One. the younger, was clad in dark
velvet, wore lace and a swnrd. IIi-
fiirc face was pale with the look nf
the scholar. The other, walking by
his side, wilh saddle-bags over his
arm thrust through the bridle of a
lean man nag. wore hunting dress
with a small cap. Ile looked In be
turned thirty-five. His lace ivas keen
and sallow, with Roman profile, and
his eyes Here deep-set under overhanging brows. For the rest, he
moved his spare body awkwardly,
shoulders, as one at happier ease in
slouchily, with a rawboned stoop ol
the woods than the street. Both
bowed gravely as ihey came up, the
face of thc horseman searching the
group and brightening suddenly with
a  flash  nl" smile at  sight nf  Anne.
He passed on. but the younger
turned back, nothing loath i"r a moment nf chat.
"Gossiping nf the ball tomorrow,
I'll swear!" he laughed. "Are the
furbelows  all  chose""
"Tell us, Mr. Jefferson," cried
Betsy Byrd. "Have ynu seen tin-
new-come beauties" They say Lady
Dunmore is lovelier than her daughters."
''I have been away for a fortnight."
he answered, "and can nol say. 1
would I could say 'aye'" he added
humorously; " 'twould relieve much
"'Tis the dreadful uncertainness
of you masculine lovers." Anne countered archly, "that keeps us pour
maids in terror."
"'Tis said," put in Paulina, "that
his Excellency will publish a new
code for lhe palace etiquette. Think
of it! Just like a real court! There
is to be a chamberlain, and all gentlemen are to unbonnet before the
portraits of the king and queen!"
The young man looked dark.
''Would he kept t.. his court etiquette!" he exclaimed. "See ymi the
green   yonder?"
All turned their gaze toVard the
lower end nl the street where sat tlic
new two-storied Capitol with its tall
cupula and clock, Generally there
uere I" be seen burgesses, sing!) nr
in couples, passing in or out. Now
the space before it uas covered ivith
knots - if men, tall ing, gestii ulal ng,
walking from group tn group ' die
could almost imagine an accompanying hum. like the sound of a distant
bee swarm \s they gazed, tin- ki-uts
separated and moved Blowly toward
mie ni the side doors.
"Thei enter the left." -aid \une.
"'Tis ii'it the usual sitting of the
House, then. Has the governor summoned them to the council chamber?
And   fur  what?"
"For what?" repeated Jefferson
Wrathftllly, "For the Resolves printed today in the Gazette appointing
a day nl" prayer and fasting because
of the shutting of the port ol" Bos-
tun. His Excellency���T had like to
have said 'His Majesty'���is in a fine
rage. The Virginians are in tin mood
lo bear more flouting. One can scarce
say what will befall if he dissolve
There was well-nigh a wail at this.
"Oh!" moaned Mistress Byrd. "Then
there will lie no ball!"
Jefferson smiled, but a spot of tempestuous red burned Anne's cheek as
she flung up her bead. "If the governor clapped all save ten of Virginia's burgesses into the prison yonder," she said slowly, "the ten would
give his lady the ball ol" welcome.
Thev are  Virginians."
"See!" said Jefferson. "He is coming."
At the end of the broad reach
which spitted Duke of Glouchester
street midway, nearly opposite them,
stood the palace, brick-red. greened
with creepers, lifting its tall lantern
above gardens laid in the Italian
fashion in shapes of stars and horseshoes. Xow it* front sprang suddenly into action. A grcat chariot, very
splendid, with vice-regal trappings nf
gilt and leather, whired up at the
steps, and two figures entered it. Tbe
vermilion-liveried outriders broke
into a gallop: and thc team nf six
milk-white horses wound through the
many-acred ^mumi. town with silver
grass and itudded with mulberry and
catalpa trunks like gnarled, one-
legged dancers, and swept at a smart
i  ������!  into Duke uf Clou  lu-nr  -u.-.i
His Excellency, Lord Dunmore,
red and thick-necked, with Captain
Foy,   his  cold featured  aide,    beside
him, rude tu the Capitol.
The splendid chariot, brought from
London to awe the Virginians, went
at -peed along a way suddenly grown
a-bustle. Tlu- unwonted summons to
lhe council chamber had gone abroad
and Williamsburg, full tn ihe brim
with rich panters from the valeys nf
ihe Potomac, the Rappahannock and
the James, now at their town houses
with their families for court season,
were come forth to wait and tu spec-
uate upon ihe royal governor's
wrath.    The   road   was   filling    with
enaches-and-fours bearing the nabobs and their dames, and with spark-
ish young gentlemen passing on
dancing nags. The pave of old Bru-
ton church, wherein of a Sunday sat
His Excellency in his pew under the
canopy, was bright with maids in
satin and lace, with beaux showing
silken calves and powdered wigs, and
with students in collegiate gabardines
of a sobriety by no means ever fitting
their  habits.
Stout old Governor Botetourt had
got many a cheer in the old days as
he rode by in his fine chariot. He
was popular, and departed this life
in the odor of liking, to receive a
statute nn William and Mary common. But fur the new governor,
John Murray, Earl nf Dunmore,
there had Come tn be many a wry-
look, lie had learned Toryism under Lord Bute, as had the king, and
nature had made him a Scutch barbarian in begin with. Diplomacy to
him meant the heavy hand, and charity was as far as religion.
He rr.de along this afternoon
scowling, abrupt and imperious as
usual, and now with an extra set to
his heavy lantern-jaw that budded no
Beaming adoration was in the low
curtsy that Mistress Byrd swept him
as he whirled nasi, with unseeing eyes
and at tbe sight Anne's mouth took
"ii  little lines oi impatience.
"I   shall  drive to  the  green,"
said    springing   int"   the   seal.
Capitol, Rashleigh " she cri
coachman, and waved good
group.   ""
"Anne grows a worse V\
day!" pouted Mistress Byri
"I.a. I think the governor
tr-uis fine. I am going tn
celestial blue satin tomorrow
and a  white satin petticoat!"
Many a gallant bowed low from
the pave as the beauty of Williamsburg wenl by.
"'Slife!" nrotestcd young Brooke
lo Francis Byrd as be petted his lace
'nealh thc leaden bust oi Sir Walter
at the Raleigh's entrance. "She
would dazzle St. James. Even the
Du Barry was a stick to her! By the
Lord, they should send her to London!" lie prided himself upon his
foreign  travel.
Byrd flushed angrily. It was not
to his pleasure to hear ber name coupled with such. Nor did it sit well
upon thc tongue of this dissipated
fop. He choked tbe word that rose
tn his lips, however, and turned away
lokking longingly after the girl that
rode  by.
The charint bearing Anne wheeled
near the debtors' prison, abreast nf
the new Capitol whose wide wings
spread out like a great letter H.
Scarcely had it pulled up when the
west door opened harshly and poured
forth   again   the  towering  burgesses.
They came out under the sparse
treest' through which gleamed the
sky-blue as sword-blades���quietly
and in orderly groups, but with brows
knit, fingers clenched and smoldering
anger in  their faces.
in the groups one might have seen
many conditions. There was a
sprinkling    if   homespun     and     buck-
ed tn the
by t i the
big every
in a pet.
is mons-
wear my
men  irom tl
Ridge, and from  i! i
ni  Wesl    Augusta
tn the Mississippi
rich planters from
and bay counties and the bin
;, clad in foreign fabrics, with
ample uius, swords and coked hats
,.r iiu- conical head-covering then
coming to vogue in England. Bul
sine a feu mi whose faces sal a
smirk "f Tory smugness, all wore
the same deadly look of anger and
Aiine leaned forward and watched
lhe croud with tiny cures nf fjfe in
her eyes. Broken hits of conversation were wafted tn her.
"I had lokcd t.. see better things
of Dunmore, but 'tis all of a piece.
We. burgesses of Virginia! Wagged
at. like so many school children, i'
faith, and sent home with a flea in
the   ear!     'Tis  unbe.ar.able."
"'Better things of Dunmore!" A
plague on him! Cry 'Ond Save the
King' and give the devil the colony!"
Such sullen growlings betokening
storm, and then smug ones, passing
with snuff-taking and derisive shrugs
of shoulders:
"Henry is mad. You heard what
he said at Colonel Samuel Overton's
the other day. 'Independence!' 'Our
Declaration!' 'Aid irom Louis the
Sixteenth!' He is mad as a March
hare! Treason forsooth? 'Tis matter for a leech! As if we ban dis
cipline, ships of war. or money. 1
tell ynu. he will embroil us all with
such clatter. The governor would be
perfcety   justified   in *      *      *    "
S" they passed on.
A smile, quizzically disappr lying,
but-Wondrous kind, wreathed thc cor*
ners of the watcher's mouth as a tall,
splendid old man. with aquiline nose
and sharp, gray eyes, came down the
street, leaning mi the arm nf a negro
body-servant. Three-score years and
ten he bad passed,���one saw that by
the lines in his face���and his frame
was   big  and  wide,     lie  was   gaunt.
rawboned an-! sour-faced, and plainly
though richly dressed, wearing a
large jewel.
'1 lie   en I'-   - - '-       -"illlli-"..   011
llu-   ioked-h.it.   I ll    .-; : //li- |   .-. ig,     the
antique coat, with ii- square-cut lap
el-  ai       :, >uli ei ���   - d  after    a
fashion i twenty years before ntl
then softly and lovingly mi the rugged, masterful face, every whil patrician,
All her life -he bad loved ihis man
���the old baron nf Greenway Court
He had carried her at her christening. As -In saw him imu. coming
slowly but erect, bowing to salutations by the way, she bought again
un what he must nave looked in his
youth,  befure   the   French   war,   when
he had strayed from a London worlc
of fashion,  with a heart sore by rea-1
son   of  a  jilting,   ihey   said,   tu  bury ,
himself in  the shadows of lhe    Blue
Ridge,    lie  had dreamed  uf  building1
himself   a   great   manor-house     with
ten  thousand acres, calling it Green-
way  Court, and  there  living solitary.
But a rough hunting-lodge on a spur
of   the   mountain   near     Winchestei
was all  that ever came of it.
The girl watched him as he approached, stopping now and again
for a word. Each pause made him
look more hot and angry, and seeing,
she shook her head as if she chid
some   naughty  child.
As he neared her, speaking with
one of the more richly dressed burgesses, his bottled wrath burst nut in
a flood, lie raised his thorn stick
and shook it at the building, choking
vvith  rage.
"Meet al the Raleigh, gadzooks!'
he shouted. "Whose pelting is this?
Patrick Henry's, aigh? I thought as
much! A deer stalker!" he cried,
tattooing with his cane. "A good-
for-naught bartender! Why. he used
to bring me my ale when I passed
Hanover C'mirt House. A coarse,
dancing. fiddling. wrench-chucking
vagabone, 1 tell you! His father, the
justice, is a good, sober country gentleman, but little the son takes after
him Come-c\ay-go-day-God-send-
Sunday! He must marry the tavern-
keeper's   daughter!"
"Sly Lord'" Anne's voice rose
sweet and clear.
"And nniv because he mouths treason as bold as brass, and because he
wins a dirty damage case against
tuppenny parsons, be sits in the Burgesses  and  rides  with   gentlemen.
"Lord Fairfax!' She was standing
upriirhl  in  the coach.
"Virginia is in a pretty case, t"
take up any leather-breeched Tom.
Dick   nr   Harry,   wagging   his   jaw.
"Lord   Fairfax!"
"About   the   king's   business."
"I  wait  for you  to  ride  with  me."
The old man half-turned, choked,
shook bis cane again in the air: then,
seeing tbe girl, made her as slow and
courtlv a bow as if he were in an
assembly. Then he climbed into the
chariot and sat down.
... "('," and wait at the tavern. Joe."
Anne  said  to  his  servant.
The baron took Anne's slender
cool hand in his huge. bony, trembling  one.   and   they   rode   silently.
As he had stormed���this big, irascible, loyal-hearted subject nf a bad
king���she had seemed to see in contrast Henry's sharp, sallow, good-
humored, sun-burned face, those gray
black cavernous eyes with the fire
behind them. And at that moment
a touch of prophecy came to her
This old man represented the master-1
fulness of birth, the pride of power,
the dogged faith that is splendid bul
will imt reason, ln Henry was the
new spirit of the new land, eager,
thoughtful, patient, indomitable-
waiting, Inn open-eyed. And if she
had no answer fur tbis staunch old
man. it was not because she knew
After a while lhe fury had burne
itself nut in that worn frame. '"Tis
naught 1 care for the rest of them,
my dear, he said, "but my buy Washington i- in with tlieir dammed trca-
��� ���ni, and lhe Whins uill ruin him'"
Ol the smnll bank oi the Tannin-
key i iv ci m nr Studley "ne summer
afternoon, two men sprawled in th
-lashi-- by a leaf-mottled pool slicked in from lie ri> er 1-'resilient fishing pules lay at llieir feet, and in a
neai lasket, on a bed of green lean--,
glinted and flopped a dozen lean carp
nn! spotte trout.
tine nf the fisherman. Francis
Byrd lay with hi- youthful face upturned, watching the woolj clouds'
like sheep dusty and driven, huddling
in the blue, liis companion was older. IK- was clad in a coarse cloth
coat stained with the chase, greasy
buckskin breeches and leggings for
boots. lie had a lean sallow face
with high cheek bmies. set off by a
white linen cap. under the edges of
which stuck a fringe of sand-colored
hair, and he was sunk in that profound contemplation affected by a
green  lizard  in  the  sun.
Finally the sallow-faced man gave
a mighty yawn and sat up with dead
leaf-wisps   clinging   to   his   coat.
"On such a day as this." lie vowed,
" 'twere a sin against the Almighty
not to go a-lishiug!"
The other two sent a twig skirling
into the dropped tangles of grapevine, where wood-birds fluttered,
with quick, noisy strokes. He had
tllis day been relearning old wood-
lore: how in bush-angling the sun
must strike the face lest tbe shadow
i fright the fish: Imw the carp would
rise best to a swan's head: how the
trnut was keenest under the smother
of a smart, foamy fall. For in these
things, as in others clacked less loudly at thc Raleigh Tavern in Williamsburg, his companion nf this day was
deeply versed.
Virginians, uld and young, were
for the most part loyal in liking tn
the new soil���this, although ihey
turned their fond eyes to the old family manors. The planters still sent
their sons to Eton and Oxford to he
educated,  and   spoke    -i   England  as
"home";  but   thi meanwhile,
fruit "I ihe net. soil, followed the
yelping, blooded pai ks of England
boasting valiantly uf iheir own bpw-
1' gged dew-lapped mongrel of beagle
and fox-hound. 'Ihey threshed
sunny, fenced coverts longing im a
thigh-deep Potomac marsh with a
bleak wind whipping the sedge. They
mdc nf a smart day mi Rotten Run.
wishing il were Bruton pave in Williamsburg. And they wrote Cr-.i
verses with dainty colonial gloves
un ked with their brocaded waistcoat-, dreaming of York-town wharl
Byrd was nu exception tn the rule.
Xniv, lying in the sunlight, he sighed
from   sheer  delight.
"Mr. Henry." he cried, pulling u
long breath. "I never was so glad m
anything in all my life a.- t" be home-
Henry smiled. "Are ymi longing
fur an  Indian  fight?"
The young man's face clouded
suddenly. "I don't mean the commission." he said. "'Tivas mother's
doing; she asked it of the governor.
1 wish she hadn't. I intend' to resign it after this une campaign," he
went on. Then I thought 1 would
study law. I don't want to be a
His   companion   pulled   his   chin.
"The law is a long wrestle," he
said, chewing a grass blade. "And I
were you, i would keep the commission. 'Tis easy enough to resign it.
If Virginia needs ymi. she will be
glad of sueh a training. You are
young yet. I didn't study law till 1
was twenty-four, A ne'er-do-well!
Why, lad, "l bad that name flung at
me for ten years, and there are _ a
plenty who will hav�� it so still.
Sooner or later we find ourselves,
and then 'tis plain sailing. What
think ymi of ine for a farmer?"
The look mi the "ther's face made
him  laugh  again  mellowly.
"Oh, and I was one," he declared.
"1 raised by nats and drove in the
cows wilh the rest oi thern. 'Tis curious how we are made in this world.
Square pegs and round boles everywhere when a plenty of us. by the
body of God! might be king's ministers' Here am 1, fm instance. Think
you I was cut "lit for the law-courts?
You should ask my father-in-law at
the   tavern."
"Tell me?" Byrd's face held an
eager, smiling interest,
'When I was fifteen,*' went on
Henry, "I ha'1- "" more bent to the
statutes than a cat for lace-making.
Only give me a gun. and I was as
happy as a pig in muck. My father
leaned toward trade fur me���mayhap
because he himself was a scholar.
For- he liked naught better than to
argue the doctrine of eternal punish-
ishmeni with Colonel Bland on the
Creek text, and he could draw a map
better than a weir.' _
"1  have seen his plate of Virginia.
the "ther broke in.    "'Tis in the library  at     Westover.      Lord     Fairfax
said once 'twas the best  in  the colonies."
"I'll warrant lie said, no good ol
me though!" smiled Henry. "Well.
my father���for there were nine of us.
no modest number i' faith���set my
brother William and me up in stock.
William took I" ii like a duck to
dough, but the ledgers might go hang
ofr all of me. 1 could no mure collect an account than beg for a parish. I went hunting while the fat
burned, and made friends and debts
taster than a living. Ymi may believe
a  twelve-month put an end  to that.
"Then 'twas farming for a season
or two, a forced sale and a store
again, I was two vears at that, am!
at the end my cash sales footed up
a matter of thirty-nine pounds and
six shillings���about enough to buy
,i gig. \i-.d hen- I was. twenty-three
years old, penniless and with a big
family, and
world but t
:i   lii'.ille-b.iu ''
"And thev called you ne'er-do-
well!" -aid Byrd. under hi- breath.
"There was luck in it." Henry con
tinned     ' I -. 11.   said  i  shouldn't farm
Fate   said   I    shouldn't   trade,     Here
.   ivhen  a Friend comes in,    Captain
Dandridgc,   who   married     Governor
Spotw l's daughter, was a true and
-iiii-eri   friend of mine if ever  i in^n
had one.
"Up anchor and clear the shoals
Patrick," say- he to me, 'and, steer
fm the general court,' and, straightway packed me oii with a 'Coke upon
Littleton' am! a 'Digest of the Virginia  Acts.'
"I thought ii ovei a while. As for
study. I'd as lief slept with a net dog
But marry, there was naught else
in sight, sn I pulled a long face ami
laid  my  nose  for  the  law-books.
"Thei' were as dry as the prophet's
bones. God knows, and I snored over
them for a full six weeks. Then. 3
thinking I knew all the law in th
colonies, I mdc t" Williamsburg for
a  license."
Henry laughed outright. 'Six
weeks!"  he  cried.
Henry relaxed in a pickle-dry
smile. "Twere as well as six years
to me." he said. "The Lord male
mc im dammed scholar. I wager the
examiners knew not what to make
of me. fur T probably had less in my
crop than any they ever seen. There
was Mr. Robert Nicholas, and Mr.
Wythe, and the two Randolph's, John
and Peyton. I knew no one of them
from   Adam.
"Faith." says Mr. Wythe, the first
T went to. T like your assurance, but
sign I will not. Xot though you ask
me till (Doomsday!" Mr. Nicholas
was  as bad.
"Then it was Mr. John Randolph.
He sniffed elegantly* at my* cuntry
clfcth.es. am! bombarded mc with the
common law. Befure long he had
mc in ar. argument overstrung fm' a
lint day. My ideas were not in any
of  the   books   either.
or naught in    the
fling  i fish-cord or rub
in next issue! FOUR
SATURDAY,  JUKE 2,   1917
Cattle enjoying life in the good old summer time on a Fertile Fraser Valley Farm.
Industry Will Benefit Immensely When Men Conversant
With Mining Resources
Sell Stock
The public with money to invest
is iii the market buying the god mining stocks. lyery day sees hundreds
of new investors and speculators becoming interested in these securities.
And considering the wonderful earnings of producing companies and the
sensational advances scored in the
markets by these shares, there is
little wonder that mining holds a
greater attraction for investors, big
and little, than any other class of
securities. That envy loves a shining mark is evidenced by the attacks
made from time to time on the newly
formed mining companies by the selfish press, of the ultra-conservative
financial  interests.
We of the West know that every
mine was once a prospect until the
ground is proved by development.
Utica Copper, now earning a net
profit in excess of $30,000,000 a year,
vvas, only a few years ago, the rankest kind of a prospect. The same
applies to many other big dividend-
payers. But money and brains have
made it the talk of the nation in investment circles and they are distributing their earnings in the form
of dividends among the thousands of
far-seeing investors in this country
and  abroad.
The Record recently told of the
entrance of a prominent mining engineer into the ranks of the brokerage fraternity. He no doubt feels
that his knowledge of mining will
prove a great factor for success in
his broadened field. The super-critical editors of the technical mining
press will no doubt suffer a shock
upon learning that one of the prominent members of the engineering
profession has become a promoter of
mining enterprises. As a matter of
fact thc mining business as a whole
would be greatly benefitted if mure
engineers would take up the study
of mining finance and in this way
broaden the scope of their operations.
Another passing event which
shows the way the investment winds
are blowing is found iu the fact thai
some of the prominent bond houses
have been compelled to take cognizance nf the wide-spread interest in
the mining issues. We find the quo-
tatiun sheets of the bond houses of
greater interest since they began
printing the market quotations on
the more important mining stocks.
This shows lhe trend of investments
into those newer money making issues and away froth lhe -mall interest   bearing   mortgages.
The metals continue tn hold the
new record prices recently attained
and   there   is   cvery   indication     lhat
these prices will further advance as
the full extent of the needs of the
world for metals are known. Petroleum products arc growing in demand
and there promises to be a sharp advance in prices of these products.
Every condition is favorable for
steadily increasing earnings from
mining, and the intelligent investing
public is fully aware nf this condition
Hence the demand fur good mining
shares. ���Denver, Cjjl., Mining Record.
Reasons For Slow Response
To American Call To Arms
Barless Hotels Pay
The liquor interests have been
striving very hard tu create the impression that the closing of certain
holds iu Toronto, Out., is the direct
result of prohibition. An experienced hotel man of tht city has just
written to one of the local newspapers, saying that prohibition has had
nothing lo do with the case. Better
management, he insists, is tlic great
need of the hotel business in Toronto, and he adds: "There is absolutely no reason why a barless hotel
sliuuld not pay. Barjcss hotels will
pay. They are paying." The traveling public has lost interest in the
bar, he declares: it has not lost interest in good service.���Christian
Science  Monitor.
During First Six Weeks After Declaration   of   Hostilities,   Only
70,000 Men Volunteered for Active Service���Waited   for
Coming Into Force of Selective   Draft   Measure,   Says
Detroit Saturday Night.
loco and Sunnyside Notes
A road leading from the track is
now under construction. This will
enable visitors to view the works of
The Imeprial Oil company without
trespassing. A large number of
launch and picnic parties were here
on the holiday last week.
Sunnyside schol held a whist drive
and dance last Saturday evening. A
large number turned out and a handsome sum was realized. Much credit
was due to the trustees, "under whose
management tllis affair was given.
They expect to use the proceeds to
improve the school, which has been
built and paid for by subscription of
the   homesteaders.
���Crawford's general store has been
remodeled lately and made a good
deal  larger.
Among the visitors to Sunnyside
over the week end were Mr. and
Mrs.  Iv *ci   and  Miss  Gillis,
bein"   ".l.c   yuests   of   Mr.  ,and   Mrs.
Qc'.os Johnson,
Will Hold First Tag Day
Owing to curtailment of funds, the
Municipal Council of South Vancouver, have found it necessary to cut
the annual grant of the Victorian
Order of Xurses in half this year.
The Order in planning to raise funds
to carry on the work with, decided
to hold a tag day and in this manner
everyone would be able to contribute
something. They will bc on hand
early next Saturday morning with a
band of willing workers and feel that
thc public wili give them good support. The arrangements arc m
charge of a capable committee.
 ���  __�� i	
The customers keep the grocers in
business,   but   the   latter   are   not   inclined   to   give   them   much   credit-
not more than 30 days.
. * * i.
'I he Russians seems to have secured a laying strain of the Austrian
prisoners. They have laid 1200 miles
of new railroad.
In six weeks alter the declaration
uf war against Ccrniany. about 70,-
000 men have volunteered lor service
in the regular army uf the United
Slates, and perhaps half as many
more fur the navy, the marine corps
and the national guard,
I du nut wish lo guess how
many were enlisted in the northern
states during the first six weeks nf
the civil war, but when ten weeks had
elapsed after lhe fall of Fort Sumter,
there were 275,000 volunteers in arms
to put down the rebellion���and this
from a population of about 20,000,000
as compared to our 100,000,000 today.
Is it any wonder tliat civil war veterans and others are frequently charging the country with a decline in
patriotism, and a falling away from
the spirit tllat enabled Lincoln to
save the Union?
But tliere is no use in becoming
hectic and pessimistic. There are
reasons for the failure uf the country
to respond as it did in '61���reasons
which neither can or should be ignored.
First, we must take into consideration the fact that the passage o(
some sort uf a draft law was practically a certainty ever since the decision to enter the war" was made. This
undoubtedly caused many eligible
young men to wait, particularly as
they felt that volunteering early
would only mean extra weeks in barracks or training camp. Some, too,
having noted the experience ol" England, decided not to offer themselves
to bear the burden which they felt
should be shared by all.
But there were other, more fundamental reasons, many of which have
been scarcely mentioned, or which
have been ignored altogether by
those who have discussed tbe situation. Perhaps tbe weightiest of these
was the fact that American soil was
not threatened, and a large part of
the people, not appreciating what the
possible defeat of the entente powers
miight mean tn the wnrld, did nut
even see that the country was in actual danger. If a German army had
been landed on our coast, there is
no doubt that men would have volunteered by millions���though In be sun-
it would have done little good, if
lhe  invaders had been in great force.
For years befure the civil war, the
country had been turn with the dis-
cussion of the slavery question.
There was no backwoods hamlet lhal
had not fiercely argued the pros and
cons of abolition and secession and
compromise. It was an irrepressible
conflict, and Ihe country knew it.
The   country  has  not    realized   until
within the past iew weeks���if it thoroughly realizes il even now���that
this" present struggle is another irrepressible conflict, which could not be
avoided, and which must be fought
out just as the issues between the
north and smith were fought ��� i
a   century  ago.
It is line that actual war came as
a surprise I tu many in both sections
of the cuuntry in 1861, but the state
of public opinion all over the land
was such that volunteers came fast,
both for the federal armies and for
the confederacy. The latter had probably as many men in the field six
weeks after Sumter as the mobile
regular  army  can  claim  today.
The lack of enthusiasm that has
handicapped recruiting the past eight
weeks is due in part to the fact that
public opinion had not gotten past
the stage of thinking peace. A little
mure than three months before the
declaration, our president was sending notes to the belligerents regarding a possible ending of the strife,
and talking about the necessity ol
peace without victory. Granting that
he was right in making that last effort to end the conflict, the country-
did not follow him in his altered position of April 1. Ile could not, lasi
December, say to us: "We will make.
one more effort for peace, and if
that fails, we must fight," Some few
, perceived that such was the case, bul
'. they were few.
It is altogether likely that we
I should have come to blows with Ger-
I many in the end anyhow, possibly
I just as soon if there had been no
! expose of the Zimmerman plot for a
Mexican-Japanese attack on us. Inn
it is undeniably true that the good
fortune which placed the evidence of
that piece of Teutonic "diplomacy1'
in President Wilson's hands manufactured at least 50 per cent, of the
war sentiment which existed in the
United States when the chief executive/went before congress and asked
it to declare the existence of a state
of war. Without that piece of luck
if we were iu the war today, we
would not be half as much iii earnest
as we are, and there would possibly
be a Mexican-German army ready to
attack   us   from   the   soulh.
Xo one who has heard Ihc pleas ol
lhe pacifists these past few months
can deny that this cult has something
to do with Ihe scarcity of volunteers.
For years ue were fed with lite doctrine���which many very sane and
sensible folk, now ardent patriots,
i were inclined to regard with much
seriousness���that the day nf wars
I was past, and that there would never
be another great world-struggle.
This naturally drew thoughts from
possible dangers tu the nation to the
consideration of other problems, and
doubtless had its influence in pre-
ventillg some from altering their
viewpoint when tbe black clouds
gathered and broke. They at once
made up their minds, without looking
into causes or purposes, that this uas
a wicked war, fur which all alike
were responsible, and il bas taken
must nf thc time elapsing from August, 1914, until now to show them
that  they  were  wrong.
Then there are the didn'i-raise-iiiy-
boy-to-be-a-soldier people, many of
whom are socialists or internationalists, so-called, who have not so far
awakened to the fact lhat the milen-
iuni   is   not   with   us  as   yet.
Tu those we may add such other
contributory considerations as the
presence of a pro-German element,
including both aliens and citizens;
the fact that we un longer, as in
1898, look upon war as a picnic, anil
volunteer in a holiday sort of spirit:
and thai we have a very much larger
urban population and a much smaller
frontier population, proportionately,
than in 1861, both facts which examination nf history shows us do not
lend to an increase  of warlike spirit.
There is another phase of the enlisting which is worrying some people���namely, that the east is not
"doing its bit" as well as the west,
and this in spite of the supposed fact
that it was the east that wanted the
war. This is just as susceptible of
explanation as the condition described above.
First, let us remark that tliere was
a misconception as to the feeling in
the two sections as to the desirability
of war. It is true tllat lhe greater
amount uf war talk, and the greater
pressure for our putting up a strong
front to Germany, came from the
east. It came from what may be
termed the intellectual class and the
newspapers. I'ro-Germans and congressional demagogues asserted that
Wall street was behind it all. but
while sunlc men who have offices in
Wall street were undeniably outspoken on that side, they were far from
the only ones. College professors,
ministers, writers, professional men
of all kinds led the way in demanding action, and the press, whose editors for the most part belong to the
same general class, took the same attitude. Many men of like stamp in
the west did the same, but in lesser
The masses in the west, composed
on the whole, of a more purely native and more homogeneous population than lhe rank anil file in lhe cast
did not understand the situation at
first, but when the president took bis
stand against Germany, they were
patriotic, as the west always has
been. The heterogeneous population
of cities like New York aud Boston
COllJd hardly be expected to be keen
for war on Germany. It wasn't keen
for it. The Gotham East Side had
been as little or less affected by thc
pleas of men like Co. Roosevelt,
Elihu Knot, ex-1'residenl Tal't, James
M. Beck and Joseph H. Choate as
Was  (he  middle  west.
So    il   was    hardly    seemly,     two
Vancouver  is  loyal   to   Farris!
We know be is cautious and cool;
The  henchman   who  hounds  him  and
Respect  him  as  he  dues  the   Rule.
In  |aw, he  is clear and he's able;
Tn  Labor,  both  faithful and  fair:
We trust he will clean  up the stable
And give Vice and  Graftdom a scare
Prepared from  the cradle for honors
With modesty, patience and  truth;
lie  laces bis  foes and  the  fawners
With  all of  the  courage  of youth.
And   Wisdom  has  settled  upon   him.
And   justice   is   aye   by   his   side,
Tn guide and direct and sustain him.
Which  none bul a  fool  would deride
So give him support in  his efforts
For  strenuous  days  are  ahead;
This city is lucky  to have  him,���
A  Government Gain, be it said.
The Pacifist's Place in History
The pacifists and Socialists have-
nun a secure place in history whatever may happen later in the war.
It will be recorded of them that they
prolonged the war at a time when
it uas measurably near its end. That
this was nut iheir intention makes no
difference; history takes account of
results, chiefly. It is of no Use for
a man to plead before the bar of
history that his intentions were good
History will record that it was the
pacifists and socialists who stretched
lhe war over tu 1918, and will ignore
their plea that ihey didn't mean to.���
Montreal  Gazette,	
months ago, for the east to sneer
lhat the wesl was asleep on the war.
for excepting a comparatively small
part of tlic population the cast was
as indifferent as the west. Neither
is il exactly fitting now for the west
to complain that the east is not livin.." up tn it stalk nf a few weeks ago.
Bul fur the alarm smindcd by eastern
men, the west would -still be snoring.
Neither section was all-wise or all-
seeing. The thing for each to do
now is to think of its own shortcomings, try in overcome them, and quit
criticizing the other.���-Detroit Saturday Night.
"Printers  Ink
widens the
every business"
If a business is
well manai
printing is the
next  great
its success
We are prepared to do all kinds of
Printing, Bookbinding and Ruling -.-
We have purchased a large quantity
of pure white paper and can fill your
needs accurately and promptly
^^B^pm^TOMBB_BB_^^__5_^B_BB_S_B_B_B@P_B_BB_g_B|Mj JMSjr^mM'^^^^^^^sms'c^^iS&Liiim^^^^m SATURDAY,  JUNE  2.   1917
Saving daylight is a ]nx topic at this time
ni the yen*. Everyone endeavors to make
iln* most of the daylight hours. In these
modern times, life each day is fuller, and
each hour must mean far more than it did
There is no better aid to daylight saving
than the telephone. Nothing can help you
more to make each successive hour of
greater value.
Whether you telephone one mile or one
hundred miles, it is all the same. The telephone saves you hours. It lengthens your
day, giving you lime for many things.
Who Gets Your Fare?
The Street Railway Company which
Spends $2,000,000 annually in wages in the city.
Pays $$150,000 to the city in taxes and percentages.
Employs nearly 2,000 persons.
Gives service in all  weather, at  all  times over   all
Has helped to build up this city and province.
Sends 40 per cent, of its earnings out of the city for
gasoline and motor parts
Pays less than $20,000 to the city licenses.
Gives service only when it likes, regardless of   the
public need.
or the jitney which
I'-es  die  public  streets  for gain   without  adequate
For the future of your street railway service, ask yourself these questions.
Milady's Gossip
cessarily. There arc sorrows that
some of them must and should share,
hut ior tllc time being let them be
as free from care as may he. 11 will
he better for older people, too, ii
1 Ihey try very hard lo obey lhe injunction lo take no thought lor tomorrow, The load will not he borne
the   mure  easily   when   it   rein he-,   mir
i _.... .,,_-_������_��_������������_, -..^.i shoulder., because we have spent mn
fifteen! fully   aide   to   give   them   lhe   hest   m   .strength   in   planning  how   we  are   to
tinging j muiical instruction, carry it.
So let u_d��ce to it that tte give the Al any rate, ihe children have n
movement our heartieil aisiitanci righi io happiness, and ii we watch
and encouragement, ior how do weltnerfl we *����� �����* 'hat happinesa deletion bow  man) embryo prima don- pendi more upon tin- love .md ��ym-
n.is.   tenors  .md  bassos   there   maj   he   Pathy and cheerfulness oi fathers and
I.asl week 1 listened lo
I hundred fresh young (odes
part long!, and choruses, by some ol
our hest composers, and singing
them with Interest, understanding
and taste, and such i splendid enthusiasm    thai   "lie   could   imi   listen
unmoved.    Without doubt, this train- developing in our midst; and CanadaI mothers  than   upon   une  dishes  and
ing ol the children of Vancouver to in  the  future   .'.ill  wish  io  add her fine clothes.    Let  ihem have plent)
sing  correctly, and  the  introduction! cjuoti 'amous names to the world "'. what there is and  with sunihini
lol niiisi, into the regular school cur- ol art, in common with other coun- within and without they will thrivi
| riculum,   is  one    ��i   iln   finest  piece* ] tries. , ..
,.    . A Popular Patriotic Song
am  told  mat   American   women
cases   have     already     en,-       The   well   known   song   v
doing  their hit;" girls,  who
time   ago,   gave    their    time
work   that   could   be   undertaken
I one that should receive the most I
I generous support and encouragement! in  many
of the public, thai the   'Annual Song menced
Festival" may each year increase  the I a   short
number  of  ns  prizes   and  competi- almost wholly    to motoring
tions, thereby stimulating the child- ping,   tea   dames  and   the   hk
been  sung at  SO   many   patriotic   concerts  in  all    parts    oi    the    world,
"Vour king and Country Wain Vou
was  written  especiall]   mr  the  J-on-
ren to  wholesome rivalry and    good  no��  walking the furrows, sowing ihe  don Daily Mail by the late Mr. Paul
ids, guiding the plough, and tend
i . tllc fowls and live* .slock of the
farms. Others again are already "on
the job" in the towns as porters,
postmen, traffic police, messengers,
and elevator operators. It was alsi
whispered by a mere male that sm
dren's   voices   possess   a   pecul-   ?.f .them. 'ook   si!''1,1-v   ""unning"
iitc-likc   quality,   high     pitched, I    '<-"'  ��'��{��:��_���.    Women   are   pro;
1    luck
S.ong is the natural expression ot
childhood, spontaneous song, the
most beautiful of all, because it
springs straight from pure gaiety ol
heart and care iree exuberance ol
iar   I'l
and ol what one can mil} describe
as a shrill .sweetness, free Irom any
emotions, or depths ol expression
belonging to maturer years; and it
is the (cry absence of these, and the
absolute purity that appeals, and
makes young voices so peculiarly
adapted to sacred and church music.
.Musical authorities disagree regarding the advisahiltiy of early
I training in singing, that is individual
training, not chorus work, and, I
think, the great majority of teacher.,
are inclined to side with Manuel
Garcia, who firmly held, that it was
"most detrimental and that many
voices wen- nulled thereby.' At the
same time tliere are often exceptional cases where a young voice will
hold  sufficient  volume  and intensity | Georgette crepe, onto'ii'oi   soft satii
their  mettle  everywhere.
to  them!
At   the   same   time   I lame    Fashion
is   not   being   utterly* neglected,     and
pushed   to   the   wall;   she   still
always  will  hold certain  sway
the feminine heart.
can imagine those tireu working women removing their uniforms
of im evening when the hours of toil
arc over, and replacing them with
dainty am! facinating rest gowns, or
evening frocks, all the more delightful, and soft of shade and texture, to
sufficiently contrast with the dut-k
and useful work dress of the da)
tin e.
Rubens. The proceeds of the sale
of this song have been donated to
patriotic purposes, and the musk
publishers, .Messrs. Chappell & C'o.,!
hav.. forwarded altogether about
$28, 1 S'J to Queen .Marys "Work for
Women"  bund.
Mr.  Paul Rubens, music composer
and dramatic author, was engaged  fo
be  married to  .Miss  Phyllis  Uare,  the
very   beautiful   and   favorite   musical]
comedy   actress,     bul     lhe     marriage
was abandoned    owing    to    his    ul-:
and I health; he sutlered from lung trouble
ner     Miss   Fhyliss  Uare benefits jointly
; with  his  nephew  under  the  terms  ol
irk- liis  will.    He lefl  about $140,640,
A Nourishing
Summer Food
For Babies
Sou-Van Buttermilk
We recommend your giving baby
and your growing children lots of
Fresh Buttermilk during the coming
Here is inn conoinical and wholesome food-drink that costs bul little
bm builds up the youug constitution
as   no   other   food   will.
Sou-Van Buttermilk is made irom
proper!) ripened cream according to
the original buttermilk recipe.. ,V<
use no preservatives -n- artificial ingredients���that is why we are able
t" claim a clean, reliable food-drink
lhat you and the little people will
fully   enjoy.
Made under ideal conditions���sent
to   you   in   sterilized     bottles���FIVE
I'hone   Fair.  2624,    or    ask    your
driver   for   a   supply.
Sou-Van Milk
(South   Vancouver   Milk   Co.)
Scientific Dairymen
Classified Advertising
\\ .mt
ran  be  moic
gown  <��!
uctive  thai
pr  <!<_���   chen
Corner Homer and Hastings St.
Fuder & Mackinnon
���Jc^-j-. J53*    - - i- - "'��� -J-..      -  " "*~ ���"������'���-*���-""
Magazine, Music, and Book
binders to the trade
Loose Leaf Systems
PHONE Sey. 3691 319 PENDER ST.
instruction, am
d use ot it musical-
u children's choirs,
ustances among our
oi training having
very  early age, and
lo warrant vocal
even to make 14'
ly, as a soloist
There are many
greatest singers
commenced at ;
of much benefit having been derived
therefrom, but the teacher has always been a wise and competent one,
holding the future welfare of the
voice at heart, and using every care
to avoid the slightest possible misuse or strain.
It   is   of   course   quite   possible     to
strain   the   vocal   chords     hi   chorus
work,   but     is   not    probable     where
children  are  concerned,  as  th
with a  more natural  freedom
.Music is an art, and the art which
makes the widest appeal of any, and
the natural function of an is to enable and uplift the spirit; while science used in conjunction with art,
teaches self control and artistic restraint, quickens the intelligence and
elevates the taste. Thus it follows,
that the wide spread teaching ol
music,���good music���in our schools,
can only be provocative of the best
results, by moulding the spirit and
filler lines, by installing poetry ami
mind of the coming generation on
idealism into its daily life, thereby
working towards the one great object���the  benefit  of  the  nation.
This splendid country of ours,
as yet so young, and so crude, is
sadly in need oi more poetry in the
daily   life   of   its   people.
Which of our great writers is it,
that said so truly, ".Man's education
begins at his birth." The early-
years of a child's life are hy far the
most impressionable ones, the
feets of the environments and atmosphere by which Ihey are surrounded,
"ill be everlasting, so, it stands to
reason, that the child in the curriculum ot whose school work a proper
understanding of and regard I'm- good
music has been included, will in later
years still  retain judgment  and  g 1
taste, as well as an educated eai. So
we shall be preparing a generation
oi singers who are al once good musicians, a result greatly to be desired.
Children engaged in choral work
under a competent instructor gam a
right understanding and appreciation
ol rythin. correct phrasing and i -
toilatjon, and lliese three things ���..���in
a solid foundation for future corn t
singing, either in solo or choral
"..rk. Children, loo, being naturally
intuitive "ill frequently acquire unconsciously a " lerful forward production ot tone, which is never losl
"lieu the voice changes and develops.
Another excellent result attained
Iriiiii the regular musical tuition of
young people is an inclination to
moderate    lhe    voice    musically    in.
speaking, and that is a habit the im- correspond with her gowns. Some
portance of which cannot be o\er-inat* nicely worked clocks but no
looked  in   this   country,  where  harsh
with Its long shoulder sash with
lovel) tied beaded ends and general
air of comfort and "floppiness." One
I sa" ihis week was of cfepe de
chene in the most delicate shade of
buttercup yellow, and it had a little
short coatee of coarse creamy lace
held together at the bust with a posy
ol little silk flowers which shaded
into mauve, pink and blue. It was
absolutely   chic   ami   most   becoming.
Weddings, too, are still much t"
the fore, and how we "omen do
glory in the prospect oi a wedding.
1 inspected a bridal gown the other
day which was really a "thing of
ey sing beauty amj a joy forever.'' It was of
the richest white satin, with embroideries here and there, worked in silver, while the whole was clouded ill
exquisite filmy lace; the bodice was
a little cross over affair oi lace anu
chiffon, and silver threads. The veil
was arranged under a Juliette cape,
also silver worked, and coquettish.}'
placed with little tufts of orange
blossom. The tiny maids who were
to carry the ends of lhe veil were to
be dressed in the quaintest high
waisted lingere frocks, trimmed with
bauds of Irish lace, and the little
poke bonnets of shell pink straw t"
lie worn with these frocks were!
trimmed with a band ol" the same lace
and   bunches   of   pink   and   blue   buds.
The bridesmaids gowns were of
chiffon, very soft and full and cloudy,
three were in shell pink and three j
in palest azure, with touches of j
beaded work in blue, pink and green,
at the front of the bodice, and beaded
girdles tn match. picturesquely
ef_ drooping black hats lined underneath
iS_ the brim wilh pink or blue respect- gr
ively  were  lo  be   worn   wilh   tliein.     j in
Included   in   the     trousseau     were  in
many useful garments, amongst  them|of
plenty  of   shirt   waists,   hem-stitched
and   tucked,  of  habutai  silk,  and    of
handkerchief  linen.    There   was    also
a very smart and practical little frock
made  with  .-,   ideated   skirt   and   shirtwaist   of   soil   washing     satin,     with
which   was  worn  a   sports  hat
large  sailor  order.
Anotlni   straight   lined   coa
was     oi     putt)     colored     gal
lightly      embroidered    and
about   the   bodice   with     navy
while  a  chiffon  sash  of    the
shade   as   the   dress,     wilh     I.i
ends,  was  crossed  in  from   ani
in a loose knot at the back.    To
plete   this   toilette   was   worn
rather  large  of  brim,  covered    with
pretty   colored   crepe   de   eheiie.   lined
underneath wiih navy, with a narrow
band   of   velvet   and   small   bunch     of
silver  leaves  as  trimming.
In the matter of hosiery this little
bride was very decided, for nothing
would she have but plain silk stockings   in   black,   while  and   colors     to
Conservation of Child Life
I.ady   Forbes-Kobertsoii,    wile
the    tamous    actor,    Sir    Johns
Forbes-Robertson,   and   one   oi
most beautiful  women  in   Ei glaw
devoting  part ol  her  time   .
gies l'- ihe queslii n --i  tin-    onsi
i tion of child hie.
Ko one can say lhal ihis 's
"oiuau's work, yet il cannot be
lined   merely   to   lhe   home:   it   Ul
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, 48
Hastings St. E., and 782 Granville
Street.   Vancouver.  B.  C.
agitation  for  government  action,  am
education   --i   public   opinion.     In     a
cle io '1 in- London Chron-
I-orbes-Roberts-n   says
losing more babies, poten-
<     wanted   to  clean  and  repair  at  the
factory. 4.18 RICHARDS STREET
i ri. i in-
recent art
icle, I.ady
"We ar.
tial citizens lor the Empire, than we
are losing fighting men, even though
this is acknowledged to be the biggest aud most dreadful war the woud
lias known,
"Women are not encouraged lo
know much about government departments, and so main- women do
not know what 1 have recently learned, that the public health is in the
hands of fourteen ur more government departments. The result is a
muddle, each department guards its
rights ami resents encroachments,
and there being no central authority
each goes ils own way, 1 think if
the women of Britain knew lhat it
was for lack of co-ordination among
fourteen departments we suffered
so much in health mailers and lose
so many little lives they would
about   educating   public   opinion."
Lord Rhonda, president of the Local Government Board, urges a
Health Ministry which will knit together all departments.
In Brilish Columbia medical inspection in public schools is proving
of. great value in checking preventable diseases, and preserving the
general health of children. Tin- Victorian Order of Nurses keeps an eye
on the babies, and at times has instituted a milk depot where needy mothers could obtain a daily supply foi
young or delicate children
torian Order of Nurses wi
greatly ti tin- fore in Toroni
investigations  brought  forth
informati m   as   to  the  high   i
mam mortality  in  the  Domin
A  national  Baby  Week  ��il! be  l
in   London   July   1    to  7,   when   tli
will   bc   lectures   and   e\
inform   the   public,   and
or  potential
about   thing!
IN   'Mil-:   MATTER   OF   Till-  ������lll.\l:V.
special general
Columbia Login- held at >.-':_
iu\er, B. ('.. on
nf May. 1917. at
ise nl' considerable,  passing
TAKE   NOTICE  tlnil
meeting of the British
tiers'  Association  will  t
Rogers  Building, Vanco
- Tuesday, the 29th duy o
7:::ii pan .  for Hu- puipi,
ing und,   if deemed  ud\
ihe following resolution
I     That   the  llritish  Columbia   Loggers'
Association   hereby   abandon     the   ob-
1 .iects  of   the   Association   as   set   out   ill
Clause - of the declaration tiled on lhe
2nd  day   of   May,   1807,   and  adopt   the
following in lieu thereof:
1. To promote the interests and welfare of the Province of British Columbia in respect of ihe Logging Industry;
2 To bring together the persons interested in lhe Logging business as set
out in the Bylaws, us- eligible for membership;
_:. To  consider   ways   und   means   for
[ I the betterment  of tlieir condition und
tor the promotion of their business and
lhe   Logging   Business     generally   ' in
British Columbia;
4. To make such arrangements as
the Association shall deem expedient
with similar Societies or Associations
within or outside the limits of llritish
Columbia ior the interchange of information relative to the Logging Industry;
Ti To regulate as nearly as may be
practicable, und us may lie properly
and legally done tin- output of Forest
Products, io conform ;������ iln- demands
und   requirements   of   iln-   Manufactur
The  V
ry nil
es,   hulls
d   mill   111
s,- every ef
ay be prop!
inform sch.
si   Products
n   ii
i unit in
lh tin
and -
, nil   li
ins, if pns
ml     means   for
money   to   pay
ciiii-.-d   oi   - s i -
_   Ihis   A-   -,,    l-
thc    III
e\ ery
iioUier     ol
she  should
* * +
Legal  Status  of Women
Recent   amendments   to   the   muni
i cipal elections acl rcnun i the disability oi women to sii for civ ie offices,  which  mean  that  ihey are  now
] eligible im- mayor, reed- ami alderman, They may also qualify a;
"householder" by paying a  tax of $.
I ii paying  no properly  tax, and  enjoj
; ihe municipal franchise which wa;
hitherto confined to propertj owner-
as far as women were concerned
Women wilj find il ad
keep themselves posted
and new laws relative t
status  of
I". To m.ilntuii
m   Vancouver  f.
formatlo-l relati
ior tbe genera]
; mn;
in Tu promo
bettermenl o( ���
glng  Industry.
 mis io pre* ��� i
iatlon  Inl :al
ll   To promi
the   Lin-Hi is  mn
12. To promol
products, and ii
���uubstltutes   tin
DATED ul   Ci
day of April,
li   W.
and  strident  voices  predominate
In very early times schools of music and singing were attached to the
churches, and cathedrals in France
and Italy, where children musically
inclined were kept, and received what
in those days was a complete musical education, either instrumental or
vocal, at the expense of church or
state, at the same time supplying the
music for the services. The male
voices for the operatic stage were
almost entirely recruited from amongst former pupils of these schools,
which proves that in those days the
benefits of early training were considered   to  be  of  value.
Although in that long ago time the
musical instruction received was
very immature, one great and good
purpose was served by spreading
broadcast throughout the land a certain degree of excellence in musical
taste, thus adding to the future cultivation and refinement of the nation.
more, lor as she confided, nothing
makes a woman's ankle look so thick
and unshapely as a plaid, striped
around, or much patterned stocking;
and I quite agree wilh her.
* * *
Perhaps   there   is   a   little     danger
lest in the desire of economy and tin-
many anxieties  of our time,  mothers
SEALED TENDERS will be received
i changesIby tin- Minister of Lands noi liter
the     legal than   noon   on   th.-   1st   duy   of  June.
men and children. Many ^Vto"eSt ��72.00^ eet�� V LS
a woman has been 'bluffed" because Hemlock und Balsam ".i mi urea ad-
she did not know thc law was on berliotning Lot 77-1. Broughton ' -n-i.
The Equal Guardianship Law passed at the recent session of the provincial legislature means a great step
forward. Fur years women have
been urging this reform and for
years the question, like many others,
was shelved, the government not
having "time" to take it up seriously.
Like woman suffrage, suggestions
relative to the legal status of women
may   cause   needless   trouble   to     (he'were   openly   considered   a   real   joke
Range  1.  Coast  Distriei
One   (1)   year  will   bi
removal   of   timber.
Further   particulars
Forester.   Victoria,   B.
Forester.  Vancouver.  H
young people and distress  to    themselves.
There is a world of wisdom as well
as of comfort in  the advice of Herbert  Hoover  to  thc    American  consumer, "That he eat plenty, but wisely, and waste nothing."    There is no
need,    at all events, that the  spectre
of Want should be allowed  to  sit at
the  children's  table.    Vegetables are
growing in the gardens and  potatoes
in   the   fields,     ln   some   back   yards
the chirp of chickens is to be heard.
What if we who are older know lhat
meat and flour are dear and potatoes
! out of reach,  give  the family all  we
Taking  this  as an  illustration    of can,  and  if  the  dishes  are    cheaper
what was accomplished in those early   'ban formerly, let there be plenty of
days, how much better, surely, ought what  there  is.
the result to be in this country to- Stinting too often leads to grecdi-
day, where our young voices can be ness instead of economy. We should
under  the  control  of  those  who are not  burden   the   young  people   unne-
by the last Conservative government.
It was only reasonable to suppose
that a party which had woman suffrage on its platform for years, and
carried out its pledge at the first
opportunity, would pass further legislation along these lines where it
was plainly in the best interests of
the people to do so. Now that the
exigencies of railway contracts and
other feverish schemes of the Bowser government, are in abeyance,
some much needed legislation in the
interests of the people may have a
Hit Both Ways
Shirkers who try to cross the international border now that conscription has been ordered, vvill find
themselves in trouble on both sides
of  the  line.���Calgary  Herald.
IN*   TIIE   MATTER   of
313S8 'I'   nnd
IX THE  MATTER  of   the   title,   to   Lot
17,   North   of   3-4     Block     "B"     and
Soulh   1-J   Block   "C,"     District   Lot
704, Map No. liltiO.
WHEREAS application has been
made for a Certificate of Indefeasible
Title to the above mentioned lands in
the name of William John Adair:
AND WHERJ7AS on Investigating the
title it appears lhat you were the
holder of a right to purchase the said
lands, under an unregistered Agreement for Sale, dated 2nd February,
NOW THEREFORE. I hereby give
you notice that it is my intention at
the expiration of fourteen (14) days
from the service on you of this notice
(which mav be effected by publication in "The Stnndnrd" for 5 consecutive issues), lo effect registration in
pursuance of the said application,
free from lhe above mentioned
Agreement tor Sale, unless you take
and prosecute the proper proceedings
to establish vour claim, if any. to
said lands, or to prevent such proposed  action  on  my  part.
Dated at the Land Registry Office.
Vancouver, B. C this 12th dny or
April. A.D.,  1917. ,,���������.
District Registrar.
To: "Joseph  S.  Merson.
of SIX
SATURDAV,   JUNE   2.   1917
She j__Mattharfo
n_bli.li.-il  every Saturday at 420  Homer Street, Vancouver
Telephone Seymour 470
Registered   at   the   Post   Office   Department.   Ottawa,   a_
iMCiid Class Mall  .Matter.
sriist 1(11*1 IOV    RATES
To all polntu In Canada.  Unlti-d  Kingdom. Newfoundland
New Zealand and other British I-ossesslons:
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The Standard will be delivered to any address in Van
couver or  vicinity at ten cents a month.
Member of the Canadian Press Association.
Tbe Standard, with which is Incorporated the Saturda;
Chinook, circulates In Vancouver and the cities, towns, villages and settlements throughout British Columbia. Id
politics the paper is Independent Liberal.
Printers. ..
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Phone Seymour 9086
We Write Insurance in Sound, Reliable Companies.
Dow Fraser Trust Co.
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OFFICES IN      /    A
CANADA /    ^O* /     Every
^*^^       /      Client a
.     >     / Walking
^ V   / Advertisement
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Incorporated 1907. First Company to obtain Registration under the B. C. Trust Companies' Act.
(Certificate No. 1)
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Mortgages, Marriage Settlements, Receiver, Liquidator and Assignee, Fiscal Agent for Municipalities
for sale of Debentures, Registrar and Transfer
Agent for Companies, Agent for Real Estate and
collection of Rents.   Insurance and Investment.
839 Hastings Street West
Eliminate" Fire Waste
i .	
1 Enormous waste through fires is mentioned by
the Fire Marshal of Ontario as one thing that might
he eliminated to a large extent now* that attention is
being directed as never before to the need for greater
production and preservation. He says that the waste
of the province from these causes for the first three
months of 1917 amounts to $3,321,931. In 1916 it
amounted in round figures to $12,000,000. If the
waste is not stopped the year 1917 threatens to be
as disastrous as its predecessor.
The unfortunate part, he adds, is that the waste
comes largely from the destruction of field products
in barns, elevators and warehouses, or in ��� canning
factories, cereal mills, and other places where the
raw product is being turned into food for our own
needs and for the armies of the allies. Many fires
could be avoided by a little care and thought. By way
of example reference is made to barn fires. Last year
in Ontario alone over 600 barns were destroyed, involving a loss of more than $1,000,000, of which
$600,000 was on produce, implements and live stock.
If by a little care we can save one-half this loss we
should be doing the equivalent of that much extra
production, and who is there among us who is not
prepared to do his "bit" on this line?
Three very simple suggestions are thrown out:
(1,    Install lightning rods on barns and save fires
from lightning.    (2)    The crops should not be put
in until it is certain they have been properly cured.
("3*)    Ventilate the barn so that gases will be carried
British Trade Figures
What Germans  Are  Losing  By  the War'
Twenty years ago the German Emperor invented
the metaphor of "the mailed list" to express a possible menace to the decrepit Chinese Empire, and
now a sweep of that fist has wrecked the whole apparatus of "Kiillur" laboriously raised in China meanwhile. The stlbiliarilie blockade has constrained
China lo follow the government at Washington in
its formal protest, and German obslinancy and ruth-
lessness have enabled the Entente Powers to win
over the Chinese Republic. The actiuc propoganda
carried on by the German Embassy and the hundreds
of Germans in the Chinese, service has failed completely, and the republic has accepted from the Entente Powers the offers of tariff revision and of
suspension of the payments of the Boxer indemnities, which it rejected when Germany made them in
the autumn of 1915. The hesitation of the Chinese
President has been overcome by the pressure of his
ministers, and both houses of the 'legislature declared, hy overwhelming majorities, for war with
Germany some time ago. Recently thc German minister at Pekin and the German consular staff received
their passports; and, as in the L'nited States, so in
China, the final plunge is only'delayed until public
opinion in the interior is sufficiently informed to
enable it to give emphatic support to thc action of
the Central government. And so Berlin has closed
another of the most hopeful fields for the perfectly
legitimate expansion of German influence and trade.
A few figures will best exhibit the magnitude of
the present and prospective loss. Of the twenty-six
railway or other loans contracted since 1894 by or
on account of successive Chinese governments, German banks or investors are concerned conjointly with
those of Entente countries in six. and with Austria-
Hungary in one���the so-called "gunboat loan" of
1913. Besides this, one loan is exclusively German
���the Arnhold Karberg loan of 1895���but of this
only some ��70,000 is now outstanding. Interest on
the German portions of all these debts is now suspended till after the war, and even then it may possibly bc held in pledge for German indemnities in
respect of damage suffered by China in the submarine
blockade. The ten ships now in. Chinese ports, including a North-German Lloyd and a Hamburg-American liner, with others of smaller tonnage, together
with three Austrian liners, will probably be treated
a"s prizes of war; but all that is only a very small part
of the German loss. The Shantung Railway, with
its capital of ��2.700,000, running from Tsingato in
thc Kiao-Chao Protectorate, to Tsinanfu, the capital
of Shantung, is a German enterprise: it has a branch
to the mining districts, which are being exploited by
a German company; and new lines, representing a
capital of ��3,500,000, are under construction connecting it with the Ticntsin-Pukow Railway, also
mainly a German enterprise. All these lines will
now pass out of German control, probably for ever.
The Deutsch-Asiatische Bank, with its six branches
in Chinese commercial centres and a capital of about
��1,000,000, will presumably be wound up. In 1913
Germany stood fourth on the list of foreign countries
doing business in China, with 273 firms and 3,013
residents. The British firms and residents were respectively 584 and 8,914, after 83 years of British
trade unrestricted by the old East India Company's
monoply: and Great Britain was only surpassed in
the number of its firms in China���though probably
not in their importance���by Russia and Japan. In
foreign commerce German trade ranked relatively
low, but was growing fast. The value of Chinese
imports into Germany had risen in the four years,
1910-13, according to the German official figures,
from ��4.730,000 to ��6.525,000; that of German exports to China from ��3,325,000 to ��6,145.000. In
that time the German exports of indigo and of aniline, dyes had nearly tripled (an unfortunate increase
for Chinese textile art); so roughly had those of
steel and iron and of cotton goods. They was a
heavily subsidized German line of mail steamers to
China, with four lines more or less regular of freighters and a number of steam services between Chinese
port- and on inland waters were iu German hands.
German merchants lived in concessions of Iheir own
at Shanghai, Hankow and Tientsin, and in "international" concessions, with other foreign residents, in
various other tretay ports, In the German sphere of
influence, Tsingtao, the chief port of the* Kiao-Chao
Protectorate, represented a total capital, invested by
the German government and private interests, of
some ��10,000,000; the German residents numbered
1,500; it had, like Copenhagen, a duty-free area, so
that it served as a port of trans-shipment for foreign
goods, and a high authority. IT. B. Morse, has stated
that the general management was much more business-like and less bureaucratic than in the other foreign-possessions of Germany. The Proctectorate had
become a summer resort for Europeans, and a refuge
for Chinese magnates in fear of the effects of the
A German author described it in 1913 as serving
partly as a naval station, partly as a base for the display in China of German methods of town planning,
administration', education and civilization in general.
It possessed a model German first-grade school, of
"gymnasium" of the most modern type, with European pupils as well as Chinese. At Shanghai German enterprise had provided schools of medicine and
engineering, with a school of European languages
preparatory for them. Elsewhere German influence
has been promoted by elementary and secondary mission schools, Protestant and Catholic, though they
are far fewer than those established by missionaries
from Great Britain and the United States. Finally,
the Deutsch-Chinasicher -Vcrhand founded'in Berlin
before the war, started a monthly periodical two
years ago, the "China-Arcbiv," devoted not to Chinese
art or scholarship but to the dissemination of very-
practical information about Chinese politics and
trade. All these perfectly legitimate efforts to develop    Chinese    resources    and"   German     interest
in them arc now cut short almost beyond the possi-
biliiv of resumption by the stupid and brutal ruthlcss-
ness of ihc German governmeni in the English channel and the Atlantic. No wonder that the "Vorwarts"
and lhe "Frankfurter Zeiliing" always strong for different reasons, in their economic information, are
alarmed al tiie prospect for German commerce. When
Germany intervened iii Venezuela the German community tliere resented her interference by refusing to
join in the Kaiser's birthday festivities on board the
German warships. What must the peaceable and
enlightened German merchants in China be thinking
of the Kaiser now ?
As things stand, those merchants are turning over
tlieir business to neutrals, and the German Legation
guard at Pekin has been replaced by Dutch troops.
Germany,has estranged the last important Power
ruling one of the most economic regions prospectively,
that might have taken her side.���The London Economist.
War Loans
War loans of the six chief European belligerents,
according to latest figures available to Federal Reserve Hoard, aggregate approximately $53,113,000,-
Loans of Great Britain, France. Russia and Italy,
arc placed at about $36,300,000,000; those of Germany and Austria-Hungary, not including sixth German loan, reported, to have yielded about $3,000,000,-
000 at $18,800,000,000.
The board's monthly bulletin gives the various
loans as follows: Great Britain to March 31 last
$18,805,000,000; France to February 28, $10,500,-
000,000: Russia to December 31. $7,896,000,000;
Italy td December 31. $2,525,000,000; Austria to
December 11, $5,880,000,000; Hungary $1,730,000
Totals include advances made by United Kingdom
and France to smaller countries allied with them.
N'o figures are available showing additional amounts
received through domestic loans in smaller countries,
such as Roumania, Servia, Belgium and Bulgaria.
Figures for Germany and Austria apparently are
exclusive of advances to Turkey and Bulgaria, regarding wliich no official information has been published. Neither do the figures include considerable
amounts raised through loans, by British dominions
and colonics.
The llritish Hoard of Trade for April shows that
imports increased ��8,860,000. Grain, meat and non-
dutiable  food  increased     ��11,000.000.    and    cotton
'-2.000.000, but owing to restrictions on the importation of non-essentials there was a decrease of nearly
��5.000.000 in manufactured articles. The falling off
wa- mainly in food and manufactured articles.
German Light Not
Hid Under Bushel
The Hope of the Country
The Ways and Means Committee at Washington
received the following telegram from a banker who
had been invited to a conference, but who could not
attend on account of sickness::
"Can't you make it clear to your associates that
industrial and financial expansion and not contraction must fight this war for democracy and civilization. We have at least $150,000,000,000 of property,
which is more than any other nation, and greater
than the wealth of Germany and Austria combined.
"For the first year we can give only moral and
financial support and mobilize men and money.
"When you take the individual, you leave his
house, his trade and his tools, so that ,he may return
to them. You take his daily labors and war may
take his life; but you don't dynamite his house behind
him. You may take liberally of the daily return of
capital, but don't dynamite the capital.
"You can assess $2,000,000,000 a year, taxes and
so conduct the war as to add $50,000,000,000 of capital, or you can raise a smaller amount in a way to
destroy $50,000,000,000 of capital. The hope of the
country is in an expanded and non contracted capital
Cost of Getting News
It cost the Associated Press, serving over 1,000
daily and Sunday newspapers, S3 l')9.781 to pie.cut
the world's events during the busiest news year on
record���1916. Although handling much a greater
volume than ever before the cost of operating llie
service of the world's greatest news association .'.as
cut down by a reduction in telegraph rates.
Cable tolls were .a very heavy* item of expense not
only fur the 'A. P." but for other news gathering
organizations and newspapers with their own correspondents abroad.
News services were opened up during lhe year
whereby American news will be served direct to
nwspapers in South American countries and through
which papers in the United States may receive happenings from Argentine and Brazil direct instead of
through London as heretofore.
Arrangements were also made for sending American news direct to the Far East rather than having
a European version of our affairs served to the Chinese and Japanese newspaper readers.
Canada's Shipbuilding
Incomplete statistics show that more than o ne
hundred vessels are now on the stocks of Canadian
shipyards in various stages of construction. The vessels run from the 250-ton schooner to the 6.000-ton
ocean going ship. Sailing vessels predominate, and
all the yards of the Maritime provinces on the Atlantic side, and of British Columbia on the Pacific
side of the Dominion, are humming with industry.
Never before, since the steamer supplanted thc windjammer, has so much capital been employed in Canadian shipbuilding.
The following ure extracts from sermons, p'ocms,
speeches and articles by preachers, professors and
prophets of Germany collected by Dr. J. F. Bang,
professor of theology in thc University of Copcn-
Jtageu, and published by him under the title "Hurrah
and Hallelujah."
From an article by Prof. Adolf Lasson :
The feeling which goads on our enemies against
us is this: We cannot measure ourselves against
these Germans, they are better men than we. That
is why our foes fight against us; it is base envy and
infamous cupidity; but it is our mission not only to
demonstrate our superiority, but also to prepare the
empire of the future, German superiority, where German nature and culture, unassailed and unassailable,
can make room for itself in the world and serve as an
From a poem by Frits Fhillippi:
Formerly German thought was shut up iu her corner, but now the world shall have its coat cut according to German measure, and as far as our swords
flash and German blood flows, the circle of the earth
shall come under the tutelage of German activity.
Front a poem by a German pastor, Dietrich I 'orwerk:
My German people, even if thy road be strewn
with thorns and beset by enemies, press onward, full
of defiance and confidence. The heavenly ladder is
still standing. Thou and thy God, ye are the majority.
From a "bailie prayer" by Ihc same writer:
Thou who dwellest high above Cherubim, Seraphim and Zeppelins in Thy heaven, Thou who art enthroned as a God of thunder in the midst of lightning
from the clouds, and lightning from sword and cannon, send thunder, lightning, hail and tempest hurling upon our enemy, bestow upon us his banners,
hurl him down into the dark burial pits?
From a "war sermon" by I'astor II. Francke:
One thing, I think, is clear! God must stand on
our side. We fight for right and truth, for Kultur,
and civilization, and human progress, and true Christianity, against untruthfulness and hypocrisy and
falseness, and un-Kulttir and barbarism and brutalit'
All human blessings, ay and humanity itself, stain'
under the protection of our bright weapons.
From another sermon by thc same writer:
Germany is precisely���wdio would venture to den)
-it���the representative'of the highest morality, of the
purest humanity, of the most chastened Christianity.
He, therefore, who fights for its maintenance,' its victory, fights for the highest blessings of humanity
itself, and for human progress. Its defeat, its decline, would mean a falling back to the worst barbarism.
From another sermon by thc same pastor:
But have not the other nations, our enemies, done
the same? Have dot their great n^en all, with solemn
gestures, invoked the "Lord of Hosts" and prayed
for victory ? Certainly���all except the Yellow Jap-.
���our noblest enemies, who are heathens and have
acted accordingly���they arc all Christians in name.
But we know that the name matters nothing, am1
that gestures matter nothing; if these things are a'i
they arc but froth and fraud. * * * Is the living
God. thc God whom one can only have and understand
in the spirit of Jesus Christ, is He the God of tho-
others? No, they serve al best Satan, the father o!
From a sermon by Pastor Lehman of Ilamtierge:
Thus we say:    Is il not true?   Germany has in i
made war for unclean, immoral motives!    1 look upoi
il as absolutely the deepest  feature of German cllai
acter, this passionate love of right, of justice, of nun
ality.    This  is  something  which   the  oilier  nation-
have not.    Ccrniany may bc vanquished, it may I)
crushed to earth, but it can never side with ivrmi.
and infamy.
From another sermon by the same:
Ay, verily, God as the last, the deepest, the inmosl
foundation of our soul, as the purity and truth of oui
feelings, as the righteousness and honesty of ou;
actions, as the moral necessity of our struggle, tha'
God, as in this war only we Germans can posses-
Him, that German God is our best and strongest hei:
The concluding words of Lchmann's book of sermons
The nature of Germanism is one with the nature
of Christianity. Thus we sum up our longing. Oh
that the German God may permeate the world; ui
that eternal victory may blossom before the God oi
the German soul.
Front a book, "Six War Sermons,' by Carl Konig:
We Germans did not will the war, but we did will
and were bound to have freedom. And because the.
would not let us have it, it was God's Will that we
should will the war. And thus we carry on the war
in God's cause, in the cause of mankind, in Jlie
cause of liberty, in the cause of our great, dear fatherland.
NEVER yet heard man or woman much abused
lhat I was not inclined to think the better of them,
and to transfer any suspicion or dislike to the person
who appeared to take delight in pointing out the defects of a  fellow-creature.���Jane Porter.
The bread of bitterness is the food on which men
grow lo Iheir fullest stature; the waters of bitterness
are the debateablc ford through which they reach th'
shores of wisdom; the ashes boldly grasped and eatei
Without faltering arc Ihc price that must be paid for
the golden fruit of knowledge.���Oitida.
Always do   1I19.  very   best   you   can.���Abraham
Strict law is often great injustice.���OVeni.
~-~���r������ /
-' ���
British an-1
The Nation
The ban placed by the
ilinriiies ..ii the trammii __^__
of  the   London   Nation    imt   called j"""   ""'""
forth  vcy  widespread c lemiiatioiij*!.^"1.'.0"8
and by no means confined t" quarters
in which the Nation's criticism! ol
men  ami  things  are  approved,     Ml
"*;"'"��  great,   and   wh<
uostaiice our institutions.
Massingham, th
ie editor uf t
the sanguinary battles and lung list-.
oi casualties are bul items Ol in-"-.
read withoul serious reflection as to
their imporl tu tins and succeeding
Millions of nun .in
contending for tin- mastery in a mv-
cession ol battles such as the world
has never befure  witnessed, and yet
 ^^^^  it  e.'in  null
......  ,.c  mat a  time  will  come  wheal
'/'.'I;  they will feel that they and we : av,   I
aaa    ,-, common duty to perform, a  common  office  iu fulfill among  ii i
ppreciate    the  tions of tin- world."
lii   us  seek I
| }��� Hendrick, a ���,,,,.,[   ...,'���"' "���>.'">�� \tml~r~~X "*" "'sntution
��a��". has tl,i, i;,Ui.V"uTc?." J��'"'-l!i.,i..bc.,,.^t .a "me will
effort in  the war:
"But,   properly   ,
magnitude of tlii.s effon
"""'���'ll'isuil-    ,1,,,,    I :,,   ,    I   *J	
nearer ������ ^^^H
the   United  sZe^t,P0^htion " Bw��"��Ooii,itI
'*'.-'"'""  ChS'^icre. Vi? tstTonTrd*,ufferi��8'hcmoti8v'   a,wa* ready:' '"" *���'""���' '	
>��*?��l  in  the  condeT,    ,   ,   "', ,UV" ' &��"&   '".��"�� war ol ideal  I    "We  are  ������,   .*..   .....      ..
'���'.""Inn  Chronicle,  which has   i,   i
sfi assays
strange,      "The    ���,        "������"���������,  *lu'te
t'hrun,  I governmeni,"     the
Chronicle was    authorized    to    sav
have had nothing whatever    t���   7'
"... this i���S(.���satBe prohibit, �� Te
responsibility   /or    t   belong   ,
intelligence >^tm��jf-ofV W*J
. amis   	
I <ir'i>s and  food
decision   draw.,
ils   br
must  lie  sought   in   thc  war  of  ideal
thai made this military conflict in-
levitable, and wliich precludes the
[ possibility of peace until the enemy
[of human freedom is utterly crushed,
There are two sides only in this war.
The  man   who  in   his    heart    hates im,        .
I'russianism  and  desires  the  triumph  ,,5e   """,'''   wor}��   holds
oi the Allied  cause  will not  stop  tu   U, l.t'"' whm w-" '���"
__��� ^(uoenroi the    War I ���ant the cost or calculate how much'*1;
Office. Neither the cabinet nur the h.e-can "'..f'1 to .",' *," bnn�� abou* ������, , ,1,;";���. ?e ""' UT ",llsl
propaganda department of the For-1 ^tory. r.h��re ��''������ be no escape<' '< ����patient, there must be no
SgnUHice appears to have been con-\!,om ���*-�� Judgment of posterity for ��c��Pf'r* We must have confidence
suited ,_,r informed on the subject." -!'<- 'Van uho '��, *" T'1'1 ?trureIe 1 ,��,,.t ri/ y K'!"',','s' Above ''"
S-rom other sources n has been f'-3 .dl*"M ",' calculate how he can v[must.raise our eyes and hearts to
learned that the Army Council or- 5enfflt. b* A* w*r.' .Ila' V'":>"^'.' J;'"." '" '""""��� the K'"�� "'
dered the prohibition, because it had!',*:"1 ��.f the  United Mates.    Hiomas al   Kings,
learned that enemy papers had quot-1^ Marshall, says there are    only        From   the   watches   on   the   walls
ed  from  nt-    v...:-       ������������ two  grades  ol   citizens���those    who must now sound forth the cry: Con-
want to knuw how the war may en-1 gregations     of     prayer    consecrate
able tlu-ir country to help them, and!yourselves!    Raise aloft hoi
those   who   want  to  know  how   the j Consecrat"
war may  enable  them  to help  their)prayer
The Kaiser's Sermonettc
-��US,VS'iSta      I k ���Ss-3 rtiii.- sxr+x t �����
:a:y;:;:':;'"h"K ,*i'<-#.���� to iX"
_r-* ���
',,���, following   sentences
""" a. d��?ourse on "God's  Hour
ur.-, ,,,  (-...,', .'"   ''".*'    items   (g.  ol   n  mej   i    i '     ''"*���"-������
'���������'"  we ,, ''".':"-Pati'.��  hi  the  Hon   o     o      'VW$' ��"al  e,cc'
Canada's , ......'' "'" -"agnitude of the  l'nited o-.,..     a.s,m'lar charge
aclion     for     a
1-ife Tim
We  are  now   in   the   midst   ..   .., ,,n.jsil���1Si ,������ aj,���llt  |.000,000 soldit...
njOSI   serious   nine.     I Ile   m.restri.tid   Qur   ,..,,���., hj(.s   ���,,���),,   ,,,,vt.   reached.
U-boal war lias begun.    Daily thous- ������ ,,, da(c  okM)oo, and nearly 200.-
'I   tuns   ol   Shipping  and   muni- QOO  .Americans   would   have  sacrificed
. ���,  ""  ������"'<.'  being sunk.    At ti,e;r |(vcg,    Certv'nly. if the    Untied
the front our armies are in  feverish | States  could  show  any  such  record
activity.    I lie  decumn  -i	
constantly l.c,V ,��� 'n'"',-  -U '' ,l""'''i  e*cet'on V,
debauch   th
balls of t
Ifisb  am
'"  renresent  precis^hd f������bntlon only done
done���      precisely   wha,   Canada is  destructi
.' ernment
ed from the Nation. The reasun
given is an extraordinary une. in
view of lhe freedom which was long
permitted to the Northcliffe press to
indulge in criticism's of tht Asquith
cabinet, which naturally enough were
reproduced in German papers. .More
remarkable is the apparent distinction which has been drawn, iu tiie|
semi-official explanation, between |
lhe  "Government"    and    the    "\V
 -   ���-if   ("eu
country. Patriotism and production
are twin engines of war, powerful ill
llie day of battle. Who will sit down
m count the cosl when the Empire
calls for food? Who so poor in
spirit  as to barter  Freedom  in    the
must   b.
r    members1
that  the great
ui  decision  shall  be  God's
our beloved German natim
'lour   for
j has done. ^^^^^^^^^^
The  writer might  have gone    fur-
; (her aud added that in order to equal
Camilla's  record,   the   United    States
also would have to vote $11,700,000,-
.<XK) for war purposes���Canada having
I voted l-W.OOO.OOO.
When Canadian people study these
'figures, when they read the tributes
of profund admiration of what tliis
couqtry  has dune  in   the   war by  the!
���etween  ~ '
'son and Smythe)
"I   tin
'liing   m   pat-
: of humanity
by   the   sin-c
office.''    If under the new order of market-place
things departments are to be permit-1 n��tism and the u
ted to  take  important steps  without as ,l" rV"i;i'" l,m' _      .
lhe authority of responsible officials,  ���aclc ul  ;i world-tamine"
and if the cabinet is to be allowed to 	
disassociate   itself   from   the     action South American View
taken, it is time ior a revival ol some-      An interesting comment on   Presi  I
thing like responsible governmeni  in (dent   Wilson's   "peace    without   vic-
Great  Britain, tory" message appears in   lii  .Mercu-j
Irio  of   Valparaiso,   Chile,    issue
Show the Real Sentiment
e  hundred    Passamaquoddy   I
,   led  by  Chief   Peter  Neptm
enlisted  at   Eastport,   Me..
I they growliik and
politicians who are
their   own   people
rever b
i* thai
;.'f'  ���"'  Uncle Sani.    The retl   i
lrU"" ^""'-"" I. aPPropria7dy di
r*'''1    Americans.-
l'.'a>-��-'d     by    t|lt��
V'��'   Vu,-k   Sun.
Eat Less  and  Do  More
fat nation is no good. Lean
nations accomplish things. Courage
is not fat bellied. Intellect cannot ue
tat beaded. 'J lie otiose life finds
place  in  the adipose  body.
We should eat less and think more,
from  Pi
Kit   ,
alei! Jan. 25.     I his ��� or
iinalyzes the   President*!
message minutely  and  critically,  but
��� ui the whole, in a not unfrieuly manner.     Its  general   trend  can   be  g.alb
, ered   from   the  .section  dealing   with
.���...��� am, .,,,,,,. more,    ,      M Doctrine,   which,   trans-
have (mailed-girth anchlarger chests, ,    d   ,-,.,        ,     g      s, ^
less  on   lhe   hips  and   mure   on     thei- ,, '
thorax, have fewer potatoes at dinner, ��...n)!''   u..  .: i , ,      t    ,i,      n���ii   i
.., .        ,      ,        ,.,        .- lie     1 reside   t     ot     tile     L jilted
and  more  books  alter  (inner,    inore'o,  . ,i       n  .,.-,.  . 	
_.���_,,..:- i   i i lOtates  asks all  nations  tu accept  tic
exercise  ad  less  e ewing. ,, ., .,       ,    .        ',     ,
A   ...  ��� b.   . . '.Monroe  Doctrine,  the elastic and  ad-
A  strung  person  can  subsist  on  a. ,,      ,    , .��� t   \i  ...        ,. i,;.i,
,������, .        i i      , u , i ��� iniialde   doctrine   ui    .Monroe,   winch
little   oatmeal   and   pin osophy     and  ��� i	
��� , , ,, .... '   . .  ,  '   -    ,    .     increases   ur   decreases,   narrows     or
outwalk, outtalk,    outthink,    and   -in^       ,��� acc0rdance with the inter-
everv   way   outdo   the   person     who (   fc      , A    ,������sl
travels   he long route  Irom  soup to f   , b|       d      *f , doctrines that
nuts and goes to sleep afterwards as ,        M ifl Jd h
an  anaconda  lull  oi  sheep  or  mon- gjvel] (|J ,|u. mahufacture of theories
Keys might. d standards ���, taiki���K. ,',,*,���.���""
Life is a lean affair ol hungry ap-     ..Th    M Doctrine   began   by  ,Mr; A; J* Jail	
pet.tes    and    amb.tioiis.    Tliey . areL ���       j     ,    .��� affirmation thal the highest    p casiires
best kept hungry,    ihe,. they stumi-1A   ��;        ^nt,nent   declined    to  '-""-���� '"  '"" ,:'
late lo earnest performance,   lhe fat       d as ., ficld ,-���r |��UI.ope8n colon
bellied man. does nothing but eat and     d ti)erefore that the rcl,���i,li
e  cannot  sm,.,.,,,���'   ' '
.. .    , The La'�� Mr. Choate
, Ambassador" Cim-ii ���
'',l American will i���   i      as  ll,c ""���-
mfoughotil   bistort
���'������ause of his
'he     British
;H. G.  Wells Starts    Something    By:
II.   G.   W'.-lls    started     something
���i hen   he   advocated,   at   the   lime   ��� f
lhe   Russian   revolutionary   outbri
the formation of Republican     ��� ieties
in   Great   Britain,     lie   lias  been
accustomed t" gel away witl] r ' -
suggestions   thai   he   was   stai
lhe  storm  tliis proposal arnm
ey charg
ers boast..
ability  to j
ized   lain,
kill  at   ,,
bills  inin
Back to the Local Gristmi.
ie liiylier prices thai now pi
ireadstuff "ill call our atle
ie way we sell our grain am
and flour for the bread -'
ie farm.    In doing  tin*!
Established 1904
Carload Business a Specialty
B.C. Vinegar Works
It. whir
of pi-uh
try      P,
J. H.
FALCONER,    Manager
���r   Society     of   Chemical
ith all
" ��ii" soared
' "' Party, and
ents in the
da whose aim
ngles. seemed
n I   (
lieuplc     ^^^^^^
high above tlie pettin
i while   there   were  eli
j United  Stales and  Ca
liii life, from different   .-.���...,, ._
I to bc  the estrangement  of the
peoples destined to live on  this continent   until   oldl  Gabriel  |)lows   his
trumpet,   .Mr.  Choate's    great    good
' humor   and   noble   diplomacy   helped
tu impress Oil the world  that the real
Americans  and   tlie   real     Britishers
and   Canadians  really  bad  a  common
cause  ill  the world.    Mr.  Clioate  was
une   of   the   national   figures   of   the
republic and his re-meeting with that
noble   patriot  and   genius   statesman
Mr.   A.  J.   Balfour,  was  one  of    ll
1 hours
I in
. u
cover  in
sired   to   promote
Pies   in   Greece   ���
inally I,
lot surprising thai Mi
..-*���-������ 'J*' bad ltar'te(1
than    he   could    fmnisli 1
rested a Republican pro-
'���'''���at     Britain.     While
nonarcliv   Greal   llritain
'rally  has  a  more democrat!
of    governmeni     than     the
States,   the   greatest   of   rcptlli
""((���rument    is   mure   reSllolli
form I,
ics.  Its
ve     iu
"������.ii  gri
and    [
i   ���     ,, "' ' B !'"!. v:'u """ I and  therefore" that *thV*repub_ics or
sleep..     We cannot support   r.sa'.i anv i   ���     ���.    i      ii  i      .- ���   i
l,.���, ...       'i'l, .    .i      r   ��i        _   ' ganizcd  in  it  siou d  be   forever  im e-
longer.     J lie   god   oi   the   American i    .     -.i     .    u
���,,"��� :���  .....  .?-   . pendent without allowing any portion
s.'1 y.u" uf iheir territory to be taken for new
in     its | |;,|P , ._,_._
longer.    The  god   of  the   Am
nation is not its belly.    It  is   .
of  muscle,   with   strong   lines   in     its
visage and determination  in  its  body
Tbe regeneration of the American
nation begins at the dinner table. \\ c
need stoutness in  soul not stoutnes
:���,-*,: ,-" "i sum noi stoutness   i    '     ��� ' ''"'" "   i'"'11-
in fat. Eat less and do more Grow if -J WIth a v,ew '" IJrevcm thei
nore above the neck and less below I .""g to meet their proper obliga
he stomach. .tions and their submitting to misgov
'""    ' '  '      ' 'tllll   jus
L'quor   Question   in   Scotland
Sunday has been  fixed  in  Scot
land o���  wi,,,.,   ,,.,���. a��� ���
Preach a special war time Prohibit,,!
sermon.        , '."nioitioi
The Churches' tnfni r*
.���..-..,   ......   ..._   ..���,lt���   ,.,lall;b    wasiTemner-in,-,.  ,      i"*'"1. Committee on
under obligation to  exercise over the   nominatton    hav, ?e"""g   tWeIve   '''
people  ui   America  a  kind  of nolle ���.,_..���_._.    ,       ":'u
Eurupean   coluiiie_.. .^^^^_^^^^^^m
"Later  tllis  other  construction  was
given,   that   the    L'nited   Stales     was |
gristmill   ihotild
cuiuiiiimtiy.     If  p
be a roller mill ii
I her''     wheat     1
-urrounding country.    Tl ���-
mei's   who  raise  wheal   ail'
'bailee     lu   have    their     ���"
iroiniil.   thus   encouraging
ml   thrift.     There are  mail
I who could well afford to <
mills.     Thev  have  tractors
engines.     Tliey   have   live   stock     to
iei'il and find it economical  to grind
feed   and   pump   water.     Small   mills
larc   now  cheap  and  convenient     for
1 iifil   grinding   as   for   meal,   hominy.
I etc.,   suitable   for   thc   family     table.
general     rule     clean,     freshly
.,    grain   makes  finer  bread   than
j tliat  milled    by    larger    commercial
niills.     There   is   a   better   chance     to |
..   .....   ...   ....   ....iiiiiiiuns   over-1 |];Ui,   (he ������   t-[t.;t,,    ,,,1Im|   all(I   j��� I
seas are quite content with their pre-Jthe state  of   ,���,,������.,���,v   (-     '
sent form of D-overnm_.nl    n   -     n(,  ^uh  |]js  ow)]  ^..^  (o  |ni|,
els   bis   uwn   meal   and    flour   1
l  buying breadstuff
PHONEl SEV. 900 ^^^^^^^^���
Barristers, Solicitors, Eic.
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.
the will of the people,  which is the
very essence of democratic rule, than I
is thai of the United Slates. The nuns
wields no autocratic power:  even  the
prime  minister of Great   llritain    isi is
iess autocratic in hi.s power  than  i*!..-
Pleasures'  fa    Z ''.    ""'IT ���u!"ni'<' }�� his power thai
' his life���Winning Trihf'nB     ThPre"den.1 "'���'lu' ,'"itt''1 State
""unpeg   I ribtllle. 1 ne   people   of   Circal    lv:,.,;.,
The  people
I the  peoples
''���real   Britain    am
the  dominions  over-1
nt form of government. They know
I that  lo   change    to  another    io,���   !
whether   called     lepilblican
i ttllpr      nnn_n      *!.... i
the stomach. ^^^^^^^^^^^^���
Dinner table reform will preserve
the food supply, preserve the morale,
help the national courage, and put
things   over.���Chicago   Tribune.
-'^lwhich   ,l���.   solemn'^urgency    ���,   ���,
' '5?Vr' I"' UES? "'-' Cbin-cl, ' ,
'.' " rea(J*': 'The Churches' 1,,
Committee on Temperance has
_      ,, ,-uuii' an     ur     any J
ilber   name   that   sounds    as   sweet,
I could  not  mean   any  gain   in   democ-1
I racy and  might   involve    a   luss.���
Xelson   Daily   Xews.
The  Prohibition  Drive     	
���ei, l ['America ior An
ment ��  a|,l"''ars.'" he popular agree-  that   no   country
ment on  the point that the    United lin   the  affairs of
States government bas power  to  or-
uer the closing of the retail drinking
places ol th-  - /s
ure.    11
ernment   in   any   way   that    ��� j,,.,.
tify   or   be   a   pretext   for   European I ���ravi,   ,.:.���,,,���  ���     ,    ,
intervention. hlu.    i, '-'J"  '"   ""'   '""������<"
''Now President  Wilson    amplifies strike 7  ,   "'   '"',"", "','   church    ,
this, converts ii into a kind of royal to t-,i-���       '''r ,''"'    dec,sive note, and
ordinance  in  which  the old  formula del ie,.,- ,',' "''.rlhv Par< '" ibe nation's
���America for Americans' is to signify!...;'   .,''.   fro'"   ll"'    STrcat
America's  Unnecessary  Waste
A    waste    of    $700,000,000    annnille
'"-I""under" wi.WeKnC,S "" ^"l^ De-����n��"�� '" Agric^tu?e sates
grave situation n���0tif..pr��n!If/��m ���SU,d,i:-s-   ,n.adc  '"   **-���-    ��rtou!
American cities, is due to the parade
ol generosity and opcnliaildedness
that An.erica    thinks    necessary    in
How He Views It
"A gilded hell." "lhe must pernicious influence in Canada."' and a
"curse and insult to God." are < ���-
pressions used by the Rev. J. W.
Wkcns in the Metropolitan church,
Toronto, to describe the racetracl
Belleville   Intelligencer.
lhat th
io elo
Aside   f
traffic is
Hie f0(
cram rais
.'''ar,   11��.(
"rink   rath
'he statis
have earn'
���he subje
tillers of
sl'irits  ev
��< corn, .1
5.<XK),000 1
other grai
Mtnie   10,(l(
--���hl.<KM> bit
m bushel
used  fa  tl
116.000  bit
k'11'^ graii
1  -t(i-   It mt
*ouid   not
Ply, but at
jj Producil
ed��',h=VCv i7*is .thoroughly establisTi-
ritinnn        '"0r  ,s   the   w01sl   f��e     of
��n an  energy,  and   the  greatest  de-
to inrf,, \�� act,;'"y' a"d consequently
liqiu" e/rfofr's *,�� compromise with the
Peace      aff'c  have  Proved  '"tile    it,'
���"ore. ,^��m-pron,ls? . W0��]<J     ber still
��nl- D      ���a'"  "V'aiI    ''��   ��'���"���.   when
'   P��s'tive policies count and win.
Patriotism and Production
S,'''"g lrr?rlt0 G'��,bt "'Chides a
Ked ^L��1- tl,e- '"-""ity of
P*t   the   rr?,'    ,"��n   '"��� Ca,lada*   *��
l,b��"t     In. ctrt,ca'   situation     brought
���S-npaiBH ,*n c,'er",,a" -""bniarine
... l aign  in  words  that    will    well
ought   to  interfen
^^^^^^^_.any other country,
nor   make  alliances,  nor  annex    any
territory, nur intervene in any    way
in the life of anuther people whetherl church,
they be great or small, well advanced I reiterating as with
or   of  primitive   development,    "Let and imperative del
no nation,"  says  tile   President,  "at
tempt   to   impose   its     policy     upon I with  the spectaclei of"
others,  but  lei  each  people be  tree {unflinching  resolution     can    gr
u-.to fix its own policy for itself, select|hasten thc advent of Prohibition./^
o  its own way ol development, ami tiltsi the   same   lime  she   will   as
l_.lwithout  any  hindrance,    molestation bounden  duty,  have called tin*  i|
or intimidation, so  that  it  may ad-J nation to purge away its off
vance  from  small  things    t" things so to stand clear before G
that a'e  great and  powerful." ^^^^*^*^^**^*^^m,
\i    "This  Monroe  Doctrine  is new,  it
,  is distinct from thai which was fuiiu-
jjulated by the President who gave it
.'his  name,  it  is unlike thai  which  wc       \mcric-in
knew in  America  when  tliere was so  ,���,,,.   ��),,   '
much  talk  in  Washington about  the a|-(t.r Reol
'big stick,' it  is  very different    from   l.ouis and  ?J
that which was applied to l'orto Ric"
and  to  Panama, and  from  that  held  should neve
recently by American statesmen who  jjaj|  a���d   c
subjected Chili to the humiliation oi
he Baltimore case and the Alsop re
clamation.    In  truth,  this  new    and
sagacious   Monroe   Doctrine   is     the
same   thing   that   has   recently   been
called respect for the idea of nation
ality,  for which  the Allies are  light
ing "
spreading ils lavish  table.    The feel-
moral I'ng is that it shows niggardliness ti
_,.. -. -  c|,,sely iu  the  matter of
t is the thing to pro
evils  tint   I,-,,. ���     ,'",���"     '"oral   ing  IS   that   it
cv   dl,   ��� ""Pa'red her efficien- reckon  too cl.
'.mn,  r ,;;;;<,,r;:!,,,h' a,"i, wood *�����<- *�� <��� a t*erttag"to"p^
Place and    ,"'   "'"'    """""    her vide more  I on the table than ��n
The  appeal   says    f���rthei ,-,���. \\���" ''*;��� ''J'  -'"'�����    Tables  are   su,,.
During the
will be trump
ton   Herald.
gri i\\ ing
���   ill   Ibis
further:      "Thclposed   to   "groan"   with   unnecessary
ber   people,   by abundance in order to show  the gen
ine voice her loud erous   spirit   of   the   host   or   of   tht
ind, and    by cun-  family.     Tbe   "tightwad"  in   food     i
imeut   and   tbe   nation Rooked  down  upon,  as  well  as    tb.
"' '"tightwad''  in  monetary  expenditure
Generations of abundance have inculcated tbis freehandedness in thc American  spirit.    The  same  feeling
To the Bush League
loine of these days the kaise
d   Hindenburg   to  thc    In n
back   to  the  bush  league.���Ha
plol   will 'l
Will  Look  Better
**        lg   bis  llil    ui   a   farm
better  than   if  yelling
j world iii this supreme am.
���.'led   crisis   of   tlie  nation
and iln
ti npa rail-
. ,   ':     ' "���   mm-   leenng   Has  or  v.
1'ieii shown m hotels, dining cars and  crbor
'���"staurants.     The   patron   ���n,s,     be
Confijm Their
gram   in
"itfirm  St.
...........      , ne   patron    must
(served with much mure than he ,..,,
eat, The secretary appeals for a
change of this foolish American habit because of the stress of war and
the  famine  now    threatening    otber j
mc other
1  Re. iew.
Through   Tickets
issued    to    all    parts
of the world.
to the Old Country,
Alaska, China and
For full
particulars apply
to any
C. P. R.
not   lie   used i less   favored   lands.     Sliuuld  the
f  mtoxiennf. end  this  spring  or  summer,   the  m-
imand for food for the starving would
f In their ..,,._;,,,.
the United Stales
entered the war.���
The Globe says:
���    . , - "v   *-"oue su\ s:
is inconceivable that tliere ex*
j     America Day
Describing  "America" Day in London,  one writer  tells  how  every  one
was  "introduced   to  'The   Star  Span
gled   Banner.'"    It  was  played,    h
I says,  during  tbe afternoon    at    the
I Carlton   Hotel,  but  it was  not only
Englishmen   who  did  not  identify  il
There   were   some   Americans     win
had to be told, but all stood up when
they knew it.    Ignorance of the tune
of national songs is not common, but
ignorance of the  words seems  to be
a national, or. rather, an tnternation
al   failing.     How   many   Englishmen
for instance, know with certainty any
more   than   the   first   verse   of   "God
Save tbe King." or "Rule Britannia":
How  many  Scotsmen  know  all    the
words of "Auld Lang Syne." and how
many Irishmen the words of St. 'Pat
:"k's Day"?    It is questionable whe
ir Luxuries
The   wild   has   just   now   far   less
need of luxuries  than  of necessaries
'and no person can be -critickedd who
denies  himself  the  one   in   order
give    he   other   ,,,   people   in   ���eed.-
! Rochester   Post-Express.
become  greater  than   at   present,   foi
then  it  would  be  possible  t"  gel
across the  water and  into  the  bands
of   those   who   so   bitterly     need     it
Slop    unnecessary    food     waste.���
The Explanation
Thai tired, pained express
seen on your neighbor's ...
by severe muscular sufferii
result of over exertion in i!
���Brantford   Expositor.
Minneapolis Journal.
Do They Not?
1 'ver a million and a hal
cian children are slowly
away for want of food. A haif milium Armenians are on the verge of
starvation. Do the misfortunes of
lliese unhappy people ii"t appeal for
help;���Kingston   Whig.
Roads Before Land
As    an    exhibition of crass  thick
headness   and   mismanagement     ccr
... ...im   -   . m      i     r i: .(gcinciit     ccr-  a contingency to be avoided al almost
tain conditions in  Cowichan are hard  ���>">'   cost  e.*,ceP'   "j0   cost  of   honor
to beat.   The Empire is at wat*.   An- ''':    ' <"    '""   '  '   ' ,;""
 _, ... ��_.,_-,. icmiu an
lo beat.    The Empire is at war.    Appeals arc being made for Still greater
production.    Starvation  menaces    lh
Seedtime has been delayed at least
a month yet, just at the time when
teams and men are needed on the
land,   the   few   there  are   left   in   the
"A  Time Will  Come."
Mr. Balfour to the house of coil:
mons,  in   1896:
"To us the idea of war with tb
l'nited States carries with it some
thing  of  the  unnatural  horror  of . u. n
civil   war.     War   with  any  nation   is la'|"revenue    is  taken
"'���'���'1 "' "'   Toronto  Globe.
Our System Wrong
j&wBS'fc tsrr���ntthers
"'*���������'��� months.    The greater pari o
"t came from profits and    dividend
from  wages.	
but war with the l'nited States appears to have an added horror of its
own, born of the fact that those with
whom we should be fighting are our
own flesh and blood, speaking nur
own language, having our own civilization. I feel that the pride of the
race to which we belong is a pridi
which includes every English-speaking country  in  the  world.    We  may
be    I.IVPrl     ,��-.**!.     '-
��� Promises Are Costly
Having purchased a large consignment of high quality white paper at
ii very reasonable price, we are now in
a  position    to  give    close  prices  on
���.,..,,,, ��  i-u-iiuon    to  give    close  prices  oi
i                 ���         ���_. _���     o, oof\ catalogues,   books,   pamphlets,   dodg
A breach of promise suit for S ,000- ���        P    t*.     e___T.L_j___iTi.r_       __
.w,  _._.._.          .   _   i   ���     x*       \; -i ers>  etc.   1 he  Standard     lob  Depart
000  has  been   started   in   _\ew   York, ���,J���.   f^r vT������,���_
Promises seem *~ *��� -'���
Promises seem to be about as expensive as everything else these days
whether one lives up to them or not
���Providence Journal
ment **,lomer S^et/pho^!
district    arc   being   chiefly   employed I ���"'" **"�����'=
-.   ........s.     _,,.vv   mauy   nngiisiimen.lin  road  repair work     Th^.  ,,r '���  *���      ing  conntrv  ii
r Superfluities
Ine Sun
Eood   hogs
Stray dogs
'spring poetry-
Street parades
Piuehback suits
....   our   literature,   our     l���vt I nil  .. 	
our  religlon,  everything  thai  tat^i.?^ "��\ long  memories
same revested    in United    States by-
Act of Congress Dated June 9,  1916.
Two  million   three  hundred  thousand
acres   to   be   opened   for   homesteads
and  sale.    Timber    and    agricultural
lands.    Containing some  of best  left
in United States. Now is the opportune time. Large Sectional Map showing lands and* description of soil, climate,   rainfall,   elevations,   etc.   Postpaid One Dollar. Grant Lands Locating Co.. Box MCt  p~-.'��� <
i yam une Dollar. Grant Lands Loca
:ng   campaigns ' ing Co., Box 610, Portland, Oregon. EIGHT
%kt UtawtoETto
SATURDAY,   JUNE  2.   1917
What Men Commonly Accept Is
Not a Standard
Simply became a suit  is markci
ir le
--  a i
DICK'S, a does not follow that
the suit
is wl
al i
niunly  accepted  as   value  at tllat
Serge   Norfolk  Suits
He has a Serge Norfolk al $16.50 that i
uf  the  clothes you  see marked $25.00
Slip into a few of the coats and
see  bow  they look on you	
as good as most
mil  bettei   than  a
Another Good Serge at $15
A good suit, well made from fine blue serge. They're
not novelty clothes but are for men who like good
quality suits, well fitted and in conservative models.
William Dick Limited
"Two Big Stores for Men"
33, 47-49   -   Hastings East
Help us build ships for King and Country. You
can do your bit in our Shipyard by helping construct
the vessels now so badly required to carry supplies to
England, and to the boys in thc trenches at the front.
We are building six large steel steamers 425 feet
long, 54 feet beam, 8800 tons deadweight each, or a
total of 52,800 tons deadweight, for the Imperial Government. These are the largest vessels of this type
being built in Canada and the authorities laid strong
emphasis when placing the order upon the importance
of the completion of these ships at the earliest possifle
date it is physically possible to complete them, and
they rely on Vancouver to live up to the enviable reputation it has acquired in other directions in the fulfillment of War Orders. For this reason we arc
workinp nine hours a day, paying nine-hour wage,
and we ask workmen and other citizens of Vancouver
to support us in our efforts.
We make no discrimination between Union Workmen and those who are not members of labor organizations; no questions are asked in this regard and
either class can obtain employment with us. The importance of this work in the war programme can be
better realized when it is remembered that England
and Canada do not conscript shipyard employees, this
class of labor being exempt under the selective features of the Conscript Acts.
Bright laborers will find plenty opportunity for
advancement into mechanical positions. Apply at our
Shipyards, on Front Street, three blocks west of Main
Sought Aid From Heavens
In Selling Mining Stock
Harry Musclow, Astrologer and "iDscoverer" of Mines of Fabulous Wealth, Lands in City Jail���With Associates Said
to Have Collected $50,000 From Credulous Believers in
Ancient Art.
Blames   Railroads,   Commission
Men and Inefficient Help for
Poor Showing Made
on Land
There  are  more  things    in    heaven, which he  and his  father    hail    sul
and earth, Horatio, |scribed for,    But ol course, he could
Than are dreamt of   in    your    phil-.not go until the  signs  were  right���
osophy." and they never came right. Finally
Shakespeare's Hamlet, this young man became suspicious,
                              i talked    the  scheme    over    with    his
Superstition is natural to men, and; father at smne length, and tliey de-
takes refuge, when we imagine wejeided to withdraw- their money, lhe
have rooted it out, in the Strangest yolinger man called at Musclow a
nooks and corners, from which it office in the North Wesl trust. Huild
issues at once, when it thinks itself'ing and demanded his own money
in anyway secure.���Goethe. I back. It was handed to him without
  I much demur.    Then he was given a
One of the most extraordinary I line of talk about his folly in breakstones of charlatanism in the history I ing away from a sure thing, just on
Xew York. X. V.��� Terminal
kcls where producers can ship
produce, bc i: little or much,
responsible official  who  will
W :i
Great Britain's
New Food Rules
Restrictions Welcomed  in General��� Reduce Consumption
of Food, and Allow More
of Canada is now being aired in the
police courts of tllis city. Under the
prosaic charge of "conspiracy to defraud." J. A. Muir is held under
$15,000 bond, while Harry Musclow,
or Muscalo, is also under arrest, having been captured after a spectacular
chase at Horseshoe Bay by Dctec- thing
tives Crewe, and Imlah, who ran
down Mttsclow's power boat with
the  more powerful police patrol.
Musclow is said to be of German
These two men, with another
whose name has not yet been openly
mentioned in police circles, arc believed to have collected around $50,-
(XX) from gullible persons who believed that Musclow could discover
gold deposits by the aid of astrology
the eve of realization of great riches
Chapman was decidedly impressed,
but he could not re-invest his money.
That would break the charm. Sorrowfully he went home and urged his
father not to withdraw from the syndicate, as he felt 'there must be some-
in it after all.'
In the Hills, Far Away	
"Until caught at Horse Shoe Bay
hy detectives, Musclow had been
away from Vancouver for a
considerable time. He was supposed by his associates to be
somewhere in the hills, not more
than seventy-five miles from this
city, presumably close to the coast
line. Prior to his disappearance he
made frequent trips in his launch,
notigh   supplies   for
,.  , , t usually   taking
In this enlightened age, over two]t].rte weeks He was often accompanied by his son, Clarence, but no
one else has even been given a hint
of the whereabouts of the treasure.
The son. it would seem, has played
only a Silent part in the proceedings
hundred men and women of ap-'
parently average intelligence, have
handed over sums varying from $100
to $3000 to these "promoters" for
tbe privilege of being let in on thc
ground floor of a proposition that
was given the earmarks of success
by a favorable juxtaposition of thc
Not only that, but it has taken
nearly two years for the victims to
wake up and demand an accounting.
Up to a few days ago all tbe contrib-.
utors were being "stalled along" with
prolix arguments about planetary influences.
How the Game Was Worked
A few years ago Musclow was
engaged in the real estate business
in Vancouver. Ile made considerable money, and was at one time said
to be worth over $200,000, mostly in
improved real estate, part of which
was one of the theatres in Vancouver. When real estate quieted down,
Musclow turned his attention to thc
occult sciences, presumably to keep
his mind off other troubles. In a
few months he became the leader of
a little coterie of astrologers and
others who believed in supernatural
Some years ago Musclow came
into the limelight for a brief period
when he informed Mayor Baxter,
then running for re-election against
L. D. Taylor, that he would bc successful in the contest. Musclow told
Mr. Baxter that for months he bad
been watching the courses of two
stars, Baldarshin and Salhmar, the
first influencing Baxter and the other
guiding the destinies of his opponent. Baldarshin, having jockeyed
into a  favorable    celestial    position,!
He has been very close-mouthed
when questioned by those who were
getting uneasy.
Musclow. his wife and family of
young children, made their home in
Mount Pleasant.
Astrology Very Ancient
In using astrology as a bait for
getting money out of the superstitious, the ex-real estate agent was
not experimenting along new lines
Historians say that this pseudo-science is older than the bible. There
is no certainty as to its origin, but
it is probable that the Babylonians
were among the first to raise it t(
a position of importance. The Chaldeans were also conversant with astrology, and from these countries it
became widespread in Greece, Rome,
India,  China,  Egypt and  Persia.
Records dating as far back as 3000
B. C, show that in those days astrology was considered an art or science
capable of revealing thc fate and
future of human beings from indications given by the position of thc
sun, moon and planets, lt was sometimes called astromancy, or judicial
astrology���a study of the influence
of stars on human destiny.
The Greeks brought the scope of
astrology in connection with all
known sciences, botany, chemistry,
zoology, minearlogy, anatomy and
With these ancient facts Mr. Musclow was thoroughly familiar, and
he  frequently  explained tb  his  con
direct t" the farmer, and government
ownership of railroads, will do ui_>rc
to save wasted produce than all the I
help now being offered by philan-'
thropieally disposed individuals, according to Mrs. Harrietts M. Johnstone-Wood, a lawyer and farmer.
Mrs. Johnstone-Wood, who owns
and manages a farm of 100 acres at
Hector, X. Y., in a statement given
to this bureau, points out some salient features of the food situation
from the  farmer's viewpoint.
"Last year," she says, "the railroads sometimes took 50 and 60 per
cent of my produce, and when 1 consigned it the commission men got the
balance. So that we fruit growers
decided to let fruit rot rather than
consign it, as in many instances wc
did not get our basket money back.
"Just now I can get no potatoes,
and 1 can get no experienced help.
1 have even applied to the prisons.
A friend sent mc a man; he came before I arrived and ran me in debt
$100 and nearly killed my white
mules and horses. Inexperienced h
cannot possibly earn their board.
"An uncle of mine, a Civil War
veteran, said: 'It's all well enough
for President Wilson and some of
the others to advise the farmers to
plant the fence comers, but who is
to work them? They might better
sent untrained men to war than mex
pcrieticed men to the fanners.'
he has had experience both as
dier and a farmer, and knows.
"Many farmers here cannot pay the
high wages demanded by farm help
and they will not hire them. They
say. 'We will do what we can aud
let the rest go.' Farming is too speculative to justify the expenditure of
much money on help and seed, bast
year tbe crops here were a failure;
too much wet weather. Potatoes
were planted twice, also other garden
stuff and the farmers got nothing,
Those who had hired help were in
debt at the end of the year. Farmers
will not mortgage their farms to pay
through this section,    '
bets placed on Trueman S. would be tributors that "he could sec nothing
Can be seen at
just like getting money from home
And so it proved, for that year Louis
D. Taylor was beaten, and Musclovv's
reputation as a prophet began to be
One day Musclow suddenly disappeared. Two months later he returned to Vancouver with a small
bag of nuggets and gold dust, which
he had picked up, he said, at a place
revealed to him by celestial indications. The gold was shown, on the
quiet, to a few friends of the seer,
who were also told (in confidence, of
course,! of the great wealth which
awaited those who would develop the
deposits fortuitously discovered by
heavenly assistance, Stock was not
being offered for sale. But, as a special favor to a friend, if said friend
had a couple of hundred dollars in
cash, he might be let in on the
ground floor and given a chance to
share in the profits. But it had to
very clearly understod that no certificates were being issued, no books
kept, no accounting of any kind to
be given. Such mercenary adjuncts
to the transaction would nullify the
lictieficietit influence of the Sun, and
disaster would follow. The samples
were shown to only a favored few,
most of the "shareholders" had to
go into the thing on "faith."
Money Buried at Night
1,Million. Eng.���The general opiitr
i"ii expressed at the iuanuguration of
the new food regulations is one of
satisfaction. It is believed that whilst
achieving the desired result of reducing the consumption of meat,
bread and sugar, they will, at the
same time, allow greater variety of
dishes and freedom of choice than
the former regulations now commonly known as the Ruucimaii refutations, by which the number of courses was limited but not the amount
of food consumed
There must be one meatless day
in every week, Tuesday in Loudon,
and Wednesday in the provinces, and
potatoes may only he served ou that
day aud on Fridays, A definite portion is not allocated to each person,
but the caterers must keep within
the ration allowance in bulk in proportion to the number of meals served. A ��� representative of one of the
large restaurant concerns in Glasgow
is reported to have stated that bis
firm was making an experiment during the first few days of the regulations, keeping careful tables of the
food used, in order to ascertain the
average per customer with a view to
issuing cards later setting out what
customers can have in the various
classes of business.
(>nc marked result of the new regulations is the disappearance of the
big chops and steaks, and with the
reduction in size has come, in most
cases, a reduction in price. A large
variety of dishes prepared with fish,
eggs, cheese and vegetables were
available in the restaurants to supplement or take the place of the small
meat allowance, and requests for
more meat were practically unheard.
The first meatless day, which produced an enormous demand for fish,
also passed off with very few complaints. Fish dealers stated tllat a
novel situation had, on the whole,
been satisfactorily met. One is reported to have said, "It was an experiment. We could hardly gang"
the volume of business; but, luckily
there were decent suplics at hand,
and there was a fair choice of medium priced fish."
More important, however, than the
reduction of meat consumption i-
tha't of bread, and the public is find
the help, so _
least, tliey are not taking advantage
Of   the  offer  by   the  banks   to   lend I ing more difficulty in adjusting itsel
them money.   They know their notes
may   be   unsecured,   their  farms  are
good for the loans.
"In the present crisis the women
of the rural districts are proving a
great help to the farmers ill advising
them what to do
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Lines
C E. Jenney, O. A. P. D.
Phone: Sey. 8134
W. O. Connolly, C. P. V. A.
927  Onnvll!. Stmt
ncongruous with the laws of nature
in the theory that the sun, moon, and
stars, influenced men's physical bodies and conditions, seeing that man
is made up of a physical part of thc
Metallurgy of the Planets
Elaborating on this theory, Vancouver's eminent financier would
point out that the several heavenly
bodies had certain well defined influences on different metals. For instance he was more intimately 'concerned with the Sun, for it had control over gold, with which he was;
particularly interested. The moon
was concerned with silver, while Jupiter dealt with electrons, Saturn
had to do with lead, Venus with copper  and  Mercury  with  quicksilver,
Mr. Musclow also had the nine
planets classified as good, bad and
neutral. In the first class he placed
thc Sun, Moon, Jupiter and Venus
The bad planets were Uranus, Saturn
and Mars. (In these days few have
a good word to say for the latter.
anyway). Old Father Neptune, god
of the seas, and Mercury, of the
winged feet, were benevolently neutral, "too proud to interfere.
In these classifications of the celestial bodies, the financiar claimed
to have the guidance of such famous
ancient astrologers as Zorcaster,
Tycho, Brahe, Gassendi and Kepler,
and, in more recent times, of Raph-
im  -\nd, as a woman
who" knows "the farm businesss, I unconvinced that the two things needed
most of all are terminal markets and
government-owned railroads. And in
addition to these things, nobody
should forget that experienced help
absolutely essential to the farmer.
_ ��� m ���	
Otherwise Useless Sacrifice
All the sacrifices Canada has made,
alt thc treasure Canada has spent, all
the lives of her young men Canada
has offered, count for nothing unless
Canada carries on. The day has come
when the ranks are no longer filled
with volunteers, and in that same day
Canada, with the rest of the Allies,
faces severity of warfare never before equalled. Germany bas put
forth and is putting forth mighty efforts. Germany has drawn upon
cvery man capable of bearing arms.
Young and old, beardless boys and
Wli past middle-age, all have been
thrown into the balance. The Allies
'must have men, and more men, to
make victory sure. Unless victory
is made sure, Canada and
Allies will have sacrificed men
treasure in vain. It were
France, and Belgium, and Russia, and
llritain,   aud Canada,
all    th
better hud
to this necessary restriction. In man;
restaurants the practice of placing
baskets of bread on the tables has
been done away with, that the management may be able to keep
check upon the rationing. Althoug >
two ounces of bread at each meal
seems to most people a very small
portion, under tbe new regulation--
they may use substitutes which ar
not included in the rations, as there
is now no limit to the number "f
courses allowed. With regard i >
potatoes, it is found that rice, which
is a popular substitute, can be send
ill such a variety of ways that the
desire for potatoes will probably diminish,
A number of ordinary teal-hops and
small restaurants have contracted out
of the new order under the exemption granted to places where "Xo
meal is served costing more than Is
3d." In these restaurants the menus
were apparently unchanged, and tiie
various meat dishes unreduced in
quantity. The opinion has, however.
been expressed that since it is the
purpose of the Food Controller t >
insure a reduction in the consumption of certain foods, if restaurant-'
are all to alter their tariff in order
to escape thc rationing, it will defeat
the object of the order.
The following reports, pubtislied
hy the Daily Chronicle, are only typical of those received from a number
of well-known restaurants in LowM
after the first week-day on Which the
the United States, all come, tamely
and quietly under the Prussian yoke.
���Saskatoon Daily Star.
nd  Italy, and I new order has been enforced:
Phone Highland 137
Grandview Hospital
VANCOUVER     -     B.C.
Medical : Surgical  : Maternity
Rates  from  $15.00  per  week
Keep Industrial Worker at Home
One of the difficult points local
boards will have to decide upon will
bc respecting the local usefulness of
niany a young man, who would otherwise make a good soldier. If a man
is performing some good service in
the industrial or agricultural life of.
the community, the board would frequently be called upon by parents
and employers to exempt such men
from the service. Boards would require to be made up c." men of good
judgment, men of good standing, in
a community over which a local
board had control.���Saskatoon Phoenix,
About two hundred Vancouver peo
'��o,w\at I'nM" the tUUC i'f !>0fsib,lylae'l''and Mms. de Thebes.
$50,000.    All  the  money  had  to  be
paid in cash���no cheques or notes.
Direct transactions with a bank
would be fatal; the money received
could not even be put in a safety deposit vault until such time as the
cash was required. It had to bc
buried somewhere in the hills at dead
of night.
The auriferous deposits were said
to be on three creeks, and to bc able
to yield returns of $10 per day par
man. An experienced miner namqd
Cameron, who knows tbe coast line
thoroughly, has long been a thorn in
the flesh, of Musclow, by ridiculing
the possibility of the existence, unknown to prospectors, of such a
Not only did Musclow get tbe
money, but he got men to work for
him, for nothing, on the strength of
bis astrologic talk. One man, Arthur
Blackball, not only put in all his own
and  his  son's  money,  but  also  over
Staking on Sun's Day
One curious angle of the locating
scheme was that, to secure to tbe
full the co-operation of the Sun, the
staking had to be done on a Sunday.
Just how this would square with the
legal requirements of the province
does not seem to have troubled Mr.
Musclow. Presumably the recording
papers could be made to read satisfactorily to the mining recorder; it
would not be the first time a prospector had staked on the Sabbath day
by error, and not suffered cancellation because of the slip.
Now that he has fallen foul of
the law because of his dabbling in
"thc predictive art," Mr. Musclow
may find comfort iii reasoning that
be is not the first.astrologer to be
''misunderstood." He probably anticipates celestial assistance in this
day of trial, for he no doubt remembers  how   the  Book  of  Judas  tells,
Those fortune tellers who were
fined a few weeks ago, and ordered
out of town, got the wrong tip from
the planets when they drifted back
to their old business stands. They've
been arrested again.
six months bard work for the pro-1 in the Song of Deborah and Barak,
moter. A voung man named Chap-how "stars in their courses fought
man left a $100 a month job with the j against Sisera." If against Sisera,
C. P. R. early in January to be ready j why not also against his enemies,
to  go  out and  work  on  the   claims j who have not patience to wait a pro-
pitous time for a return of their investment multiplied manifold.
While somewhere in the hills
seventy-five miles from Vancouver,
wielding hammer, pick and shovel,
Musclow could appreciate to the
full the definition of the spirits ot
the Sun, which are under' the north
wind; tlieir sign causes . a profuse
perspiration upon the invocator."
Particularly at high noon, with the
thermometer 87 in the shade, and
no shade.
From Poetry to Astrology
Friends of the missing man say
that his attention to astrology. was
first attracted by the frequent references to the art in the works of
the old English poets, with which
Musclow is familiar. Milton speaks
often on planetary influences, while
Shakespeare in "King Lear" has
representatives of the old and the
new faith in Clocester and Edmund.
The faith of the English people in
astrology hardly waned until the biting sarcasm t>f Dean Swift made it
a laughing stock In 1708, when he
published his famous squib "Prediction for the year 1708, by Isaac Bick-
crstaff, Esq.,'.' when he pointed ont
the vagueness and absurdities of tbe
Thc     Kit/���Entriely     satisfacln
Increased consumption of fish, veg "
tables, etc., more than coutiterb.il u ���
ed by the real saving in more i *
tial ihings, and also in the increased
opportunities for using up everythiW
Romano's���Grcat satisfaction wits j
diversified menu and a distinct saving]
in bread and meat. Two meatless 1
days might produce better  results.
Regent Palace���Runciman llliU'j
economized in unessential thing:1: ''"j
economy is now in the things d'3'!
matter. Customers are glad lo !fefl
back to lighter and more vane.
courses, and in making these we ���
better use up the food.
The King and Queen have     '.
a fine lead to the nation in their
servance of the  food regulation*. 1|
has been  officially  stated  that rea'1
izing  the  urgent  need  for  econo111
in food and particularly    in    breJi
stuffs, they and their household Jl,|
servants  have  adopted  the  scale jjl
national  rations  since  earlv in Wl
ruary.    The Lord Mayor of l-'1''"0*
also  has adopted  the  voluntary
tions for himself and his family
staff at thc Mansion House; and
Kitchen Committee of thc  House]
Commons, in  response    to a   le'S
from  Lord  Devcnpnt't,  have  de
that they will  come under  the
regulations  applying  to   hotels
Having purchased a large c^n���
ment of high quality white pape
very reasonable price, we are "(   I
a position to give close prices,
alogues,   books,   pamphlets,   ���
etc.    The  Standard  Job  Depart���1
426 Homer Street: plioi


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