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The Standard Oct 28, 1916

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Array tei-fotfc
Vol. V, No. 26���Established 1911
VANCOUVER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATURDAY,   OCTOBER   28,   1916
Price Five Cents
The Dinosaurus and the Poor
Hard Working Men Disagree
What are the Arbitration Laws for���War
or Peace?
The Right  Way and the Wrong Way to
Settle Labor Disputes.
is   lhe-   psychological  moment   they  think���anel  probably
:annot be blamed for taking advantage of it.
THE PUSILLANIMITY OF GOVERNMENTS
Everybody talks conciliation, except the men imi
lately concerned, wh i merely take- their stand on thi I >ui
dationi of force "By striking now we can force the company to give way" is their argument. "The government
will not allow a strike at smh times as these" No amount
of technical objections or subterfuge can overcome this
plain fact. Tliere is a board of arbitration, and the greedy
corporalic.n which grinds the poor into the dust so that
it may make profits���anel all that sort of thing���is actually
willing lo Bubmit ils case lo arbitration, lent tbe men will
the officials have worked their way up. The president
himself, Lord Shaughnessy, was a clerk in a railway
freight office in Milwaukee, and his father was a policeman in that town "i excellent beer. Others might be named
osi careers have been equally desirable. Tliere musl
lee- a limit to something. A railroad like any other business, has lo earn money on the capital invested. Even
supposing the C. 1'. K. i', earning immense sums owing to
the freight il carries < j ii account of the war���we have not
i:"tice-e] any increase ill its dividends���that is a matter for
the- railways commissioners to settle. Hut freights and
everything connected with the operation of railroads are
hedged around with all sorts of restrictions. It seems
as  tin ugh   tlic  only  portions  of the  business   which  are
(N.B., not I'S.���Thc dispute between thc C. /'. A'.
and some of its employees having been settled without
a strike, the following article should Ue scanned in the
past tense. The settlement makes no difference to Ihc
point of thc article).
THE Canadian Pacific Railway Company, a bloated
capitalistic corporation which controls not only all
the banks but tbe telegraphs, the lands, the railways,
the steamships, the politicians, and the governments of
Canada, from the soap box at the street-corner, is having
a dispute wilh its conductors and trainmen. The dispute
is somewhat technical and involves the working hours,
overtime and wages. The men ask for a reduction from
5600 miles to 5000 miles as a monthly guaranteed mileage
and preparatory work. Presumably this means that they
desire thc same wages for the 5000 miles run and preparation therefor as for 5600 miles. They may be perfectly right in their demands, and the greedy dinosaurus
of a company which preys on all Canada, holding the
country like a stricken animal in its claws of steel���when
you come to think of it to liken the C. P. R. to a dJno-
saurus is rather effective���may be absolutely wrong in
denying the men the privileges they desire. That is not
the point. Who is right and who is wrong is a matter
which can be decided by a board of arbitration, and the
laws of Canada especially provide such a board to prevent war between corporations and their employees. The
dinosaurus no doubt lias its own point of view. Even a
prehistoric beast may have a point of view somewhat different to the modem conception of its utility. "Not being
fossilised���no one would suggest that it is a spent force-
it is willing to move with the times. So it suggests that
as tbe matter in dispute is dependent on thc point of view
of two opposing bodies, it might bc as well to take advantage of the laws of thc country and submit the matter
to arbitration. The arbitration board provides a gyroscope
to the two opposing and resolving bodies.
TRYING NEGOTIATIONS
"Arbitration be canned!" says Mr. Murdock, tbe leader
of the men. He may not have said "canned," but something rather stronger. His meaning was the same. "You
go chase yourself. Last time we arbitrated this little
matter the arbitration board gave the verdict against us.
This time we will not arbitrate but take what we want, or
else we will tie up the railroad so tight that Russia will
not be able to get munitions and Great Britain will have to
go without reinforcements and the public without trains."
Mr. Murdock no doubt did not use these exact words, but
lie probably thought them. Moreover, when it came down
to a question of policy, it was announced that troop trains
would bc allowed to pass. In other words, the men were
to be allowed to go to the front, but presumably the munitions which arc just as important as the men will have
to wait until the dinosaurus gives the trainmen and conductors whatever they desire. It was apparent at once
that the men would not have public opinion behind them
if they interfered with the war. So to try and obtain a
certain amount of public sympathy the troop trains were
mentioned as being graciously permitted to operate. But
the point remains in the definite decision made by thc men
that they would not submit their case to arbitration, because they felt they would not get what they wanted. If
they bad felt that they were right, or at least bad a really
good case, they surely would have been willing to submit
to arbitration. They stated that, having tried arbitration
once, and lost, this time they would force the issue by
striking. The government was appealed to and Sir Robert Borden and the lion. Mr. Crothers, minister of labor,
both hii el hard to bring about conciliation. The dinosaurus t.ilc! them ii was quite willing to allow someone else
to adjudicate tlic affair, bat the men said. "Xo. This is
"iir business and unless ihc company gives way and grants
Otir demands wc will fight."
THE CALAMITY OF WAR
In other words, the men elici exactly what Germany did.
. Germany told all tbe other nations that it would' not arbitrate the questions in dispute, lhal it was not a matter
for arbitrating, as it concerned the sovereign rights of
Austria. Both Austria and Russia bad expressed a willingness to arbitrate So as to avert the calamity of war. So
we come down to the present issue. The men refuse to arbitrate and prefer the calamity of war, over a matter of
600 miles a month. What does this mean? It means that
the war is being fought for principles to which a certain
portion of the community refuse to adhere when thc matter affects them personally. Here arc 7,000 or 8.000 men
who believe they have the right to force a war which will
mean the loss of thousands upon thousands of dollars,
will inconvenience the whole country, and cause bad feeling, simply and solely because they do not agree with a
past finding of a board of arbitration. Here, in times Such
as these, when every appeal is being made to induce men
to fight for the principles of arbitration, one-tenth of one
per cent, of the community deliberately throw principles
to the wind and take their stand on what they call their
rights. And what is worse, it is perfectly obvious that just
as the Brotherhood of Railroad Engineers in the United
States held a pistol to the head of President Wilson over
the eight hour question and forced congress to pass a law
giving them what they desired, because an election was in
sight,, so the C. P. R. trainmen and conductors, through
their executive organisation, is holding a pistol to the
head of the government, believing that an election may
soon take place and that the government will be inclined
to listen to them and force the C. P. R, to give way.   It
IT'S LIKE CORONATION BAY IN OLD  LONDON
Never since IvIiik George vvnH crowned hail nhcIi  crowds   weilln-ri-il   In  Lomloii   im   recently   when   tlie
French Itepubllcau Band %vu�� nhcie Iln civic recc��Uoii. (Dally .Mirror War Service).
not; Why? Arc they afraid of losing? If so, it is evident
they have a flimsy case. Are they afraid the board of arbitrators will not be a fair one? Perhaps if Sir Henry
Drayton and Sir William Meredith sat ou the board they
would still say it was unfair. To tell the truth���and tbe
truth is no doubt extremely unpalatable in these days���
if the angel Gabriel himself came down from heaven and
offered to adjudicate the dispute, the men would still
state he was unfair because thc directors of the C. P. R.
would naturally be favored as they can put more in the
plate on Sundays. It is the unreasoning silliness of the refusal to arbitrate that makes the whole thing so annoying.
The government apparently is afraid to take the only step
possible under such circumstances. If the government
suddenly turned on both the C. P. R. and the employees
at thc beginning and said, "Argue it out and settle it if
you can by yourselves, but by the soul of our soldiers
lying dead in Flanders, if either of you refuse to arbitrate,
we will step in and insist upon the machinery made for
that purpose being used," the whole people of Canaela
would rise up and bless the government. And if the men
still said, "You cannot force us to arbitrate, we i* ill
strike," and the government stated through the press that
"Any strike order issued or obeyed would be followed by
the immediate arrest of the guilty parlies and tlieir punishment," tlu whole country would at once think there
was a real government in the land.
A DIRECTORS' STRIKE
But that apparently is exactly what thc government is
afraid lo do, ll is afraid of losing voles ami tlu- leaders
of the men, acting on iln- principle thai fear i^ the in->t
adjuster of disputes, insist on striking whether the ���
ment or tlie public think it advisable or not, li i- casj
enough lee say thai tin- C. I'. K. i> a giant corporation with
"lashings" oi money an;! is determined to conserve ii--
own interests and Ileal il can \e-ry well affe rd I givi
extra wages or whatever it is the men demand, But the
C, I'. 1<. is a gi.'.nt corporation whose shares are held all
thc world over and whose capital consistl of thc savings
of hundreds upon hundreds of small peo| le :���.-> well as the
investments of a few capitalists. The directors of the
road and the managers thereof are merely trustees. They
have to administer the railway for the benefit of lhe shareholders or cls6 lose tlieir jobs. Supposing that the managers formed a union and were not satisfied with the salaries they were being paid and went and demanded from
the shareholders a share of 50 per cent, of the net profits
before any otber dividends were paid. They might argue
with truth that they were doing the work- and earning
the money and therefore were entitled to the lion's share
in the earnings. If the shareholders refused, supposing
the managers all laid down their pens, or whatever they
work with, and walked out of their offices. Vou say that
is an absurd supposition, but why? If the C. P. R. were a
government-owned railway, why should not the managers
and all the responsible beads form a union of that kind
and when the moment was opportune, calmly announce
they would quit work unless the Minister of Railways were
appointed from among themselves. Confusion worse
confounded would prevail and tbe whole country would
have its backbone dislocated before the line could be operated again. Moreover, if you could replace the managers
and all tbe host of officials, they might call a sympathetic
strike for their rights among the trainmen.
UNRESTRICTED EMPLOYEES
Probably the men would argue' that they were not paid
the wages which are earned by ,the ofifcials. What has
that to do with it?   As a matter of fact, a great many of
unrestricted are the employees. There is no more loyal
body of men in the employ of any railroad than those in
the employ of thc C. P. R., but in this case loyalty and
traditions seem to have been flung to the winds in order
to obtain something by force which it was known could
not be granted by ordinary justice. H the government is
so rotten that the men do not trust it, let them say so.
Then let them postpone the strike until alter an election
or at any rate until the war is over. Wc have so much
on our hands just at the moment that a railway strike is
a national catastrophe, and there is more than a suspicion
that tbe leaders of thc men regard it as such and believe
that cither the government or the railway will give way
at the last moment.
THE VILLAINS OF THE PIECE
As has been said, it is not a question of right or wrong
between the people and the C. P. R. employees. It is a
question of principle. The C. P. R. may be the cruellest
and most tyrannical of corporations to work for. For all
we know, the managers thereof are the most, villainous
men on the face of the world. In the past and present
ind in the future thc railway company may bc grinding
the .loses of the men in the dust of the right of way and
grabbing the lands for miles on either side of ils present
properties. For all we know, it bribes thc politicians and.
of course, all thc newspapers are in its pay. For all the
public knows, this article might be written purposely to
frighten tlic C. I' K. anc', make it pension thi writer thereof for the resl of liis somewhat nebulous existence, so
a- lo prevent such articles appearing again. It is, ;
course, obvious that the local offices will I"- bcsiei
���' , ��� tor of the paper with this article i-i pr f,
n,-i i., print ii in return for a couple  if i coca
cola ,ei i c  ncarcsl ������ eda fountain,   Coloquially he is probably a cheap skate    All these things are so nol
that perhaps n >: wast< of time to repeal But evci
>o ii is impossible t" understand \-,li> the men object t"
arbitration at such a time as the present. They would
score heavily in public opinion if they slated that because
of the war thej would willingly submit the matter to arbitration, although tlicy feared the result But to deliberately take exactly the same attitude as Germany seems
so silly. It is such a waste of a good opportunity to
show the reasonableness of labor and the greediness of
a corporation���if thc C. P. R. had refused to arbitrate:.
However apparently a free democracy is allowed the privilege of being extremely silly at times and the politicians
dare not force these matters to an issue for fear of the
vote. One would think that they would rather get out of
politics altogether than be subjected to such fears. If
every government and cvery politician is going to judge
every question on the number of votes his decision will
gain him, what sort of a country is this going to bc to
live in?
A FUNDAMENTAL ISSUE
Seriously speaking, surely the people of Canada recognise that the whole issue is fundamental. It is merely a
sign of the timese,and of the difficulties which must be
faced in tbe future. The after war problems will bc infinitely more difficult to settle than a small matter of this
kind, but if the government had established a precedent
now by insisting on arbitration, and if there is a strike,
insisting on keeping tbe line in proper operation, even if
it had to call out the soldiers to do so, its position in the
future would have been immensely strengthened. It is
really not the apparent silliness of the strike���if it comes
off���which is so irritating, but the conviction that governments are afraid to act, are afraid to put in action their
own machinery for dealing with such cases. It is quite
true that the men have a perfect right to strike after the
matter has been submitted to a board of arbitration if
thc decision is aginst them, and that they say that the
decision being against them already, they are only acting
within their rights. But circumstances alter cases, and
under the conditions which are coming, is this right to
strike at tbe behest of a few influential leaden���this docs
not mean that in this particular case the strike is being
brought about by a few leaders���to be allowed? Surely .
our problems are going to be too great to waste our time
with strikes and such methods of settling labor disputes.
Let masters and men meet round a table with three officials���one on the government side, one on the opposiition
side, and the chairman of the railway commissioners or
some such perosn, and talk the matter out. Let the figures on either side be made quite plain, so that the cost
of the increase or decrease in wages with due regard for
the cost of operation or production and the markets can
be calculated. Also let the men estimate the cost of the
strike to their strike funds. Then let the government produce the cost to the country. Xow surely if nine ordinarily sensible men got together in that fashion under the
leadership of a genial, tactful man who knew something
of economics and business, there would be very few
strikes.
IS THIS ETERNAL?
For look at which way you will, strikes are nothing but
war. We are fighting to do away with war if possible,
and millions of men are being killed just because one side
refused even to submit its case to arbitration. We know
how expensive that war has been and how much easier
it would have been if it bad been possible to be arbitrary
about it at the start and insist on arbitration by united
action among the nations. But here we are going along
the same old way, committing what is nothing more nor
less than a crime against our whole people, solely because
a body of men refuse to make use of the governmental
machinery established for the purposes related. Is this
the sort of thing we are going to stand for in the future?
Are the men who have fought at the front to come home
and find us still settling our disputes in thc same old way
without sufficient strength or intelligence to prevent civil
discord and strife. That is where this thing drives home
into our vitals. It is intolerable that the government cannot insist on arbitration and use its powers to make strikes
a criminal offence under such circumstances. Loud voiced
democrats mount the rostrums and declaim about the
criminality of tllis or that nation and tlie immorality of
war and the necessity for high moral altitudes and unswerving insistence on first principles��_-whatever they may
mean. But put these same men in positibns where they
have a chance of practising what they preach, and by the
bones of their ancestors they are afraid to utter a word.
They are afraid to give the public a lead. They are afraid
to tell the labor unions and the capitalists that the laws
of the land are made to be kept and that those who break
them will find the people strong enough to enforce them.
It is not the greed of the capitalist or the short-sightedness of the men which rejally must be blamed. It is the
weakness of governments and their dependence on votes.
And we talk about the nationalisation of industry! Great
Caesar! !
���CRITICUS.
���EDITORIAL OPINIONS!
B,   C's   POTENTIAL   INDUSTRIES-
SHIPBUILDING   AND   SHIPPING
IT IH not.as a .phenomenon thai we greet the industry of
Shiphuildi^g'ji'jfce'.MC'iiner   and   the   adjacent
but as the na^flra'l and inevitable consequence ol eur
unrivalled potentials and facilities, These have been
flaunted and '. ti I, pressed and depreciated in the ast
bj the ver* - ivhe re n �� nost vociferous in their
I s ol  the enterprise that  is now tasl  risii        lo
on   i ie ir i   ' s,    Ti   ttieto it is a i
for they  ha I tone to  the   sti
nor cm     an i     ro     -   imi     on     i til
it beci I        h an ac    mpl      id fact,
But ii is n ,      .,'     he il   ������ in
rred I I       ������   natural re-
:    -,.i
in industi ial pi oduction.
An obligation will be casl u the nc rei nn -
Victoria to keep thi shipbuilding o npanici within the
law and not allow them to run free nnd loos ai i n
riotous with their shares, debentures and other insignia
and'appendages at "limited liability." This has been the
dastardly characteristic of the Provincial administration
and control of the con,panics registered at Victoria for
years past, though we have upon the statutes an Act which
is well-nigh perfect; for it is, in spite of Mr. Bowser's
hypocritical claim to thc authorship of it, virtually a literal re-enactment of thc English Act which was evolved
from over forty years of tentative legislation, and from
the knowledge gained by the experimental results.
It is strange that we have been forced into the shipbuilding arena, into a new life of industrial activity, by
the vigilance of the foreigner���of the Norwegian, to be
more precise. But while this is in some sense humiliating,
it is a fact that should impart a shock to the "idea monopolists" of Vancouver, and give them a juster apprehension of the amenability of our resources to productive
purposes.
Before the Norwegian contracts were even mooted, and
before Mr. Bowser's wooden ships were projected, the
STANDARD pointed out what out potentials for shipbuilding were, and how the initiation of the enterprise
would operate beneficially upon our iron and timber resources and engender not only steel and wood factories as
necessary accessories'of ship construction, but other industries of far greater magnitude and of world-wide commercial significance.
Even if the Norwegian contracts should not materialize,
h
:
��$
_____��� FWO
THE  STANDARD
SATURDAY,   OCTOBER   28,   1916
our potentials for shipbuilding are placed beyond dispute.
There is not much, however, to apprehend in regard to
the construction. The Norwegians are neutrals, and the
first enactment against the transfer of British ships was
designed to apply only to "enemies." But some of the
neutrals were perverting or abusing tlieir rights to such
an extent by making themselves the shippers of our enemy
belligerents, that the restriction was extended by an Order
in Council to transfers to neutrals, or to any one who was
not entitled to own a British ship. The consent of the
Board of Trade���that is one of the Government departments in London���removes all difficulty, and this consent
is certain provided tliere is an assurance that these projected ships at Vancouver are not eventually designed to
subserve the enemy.
The Xorwegian company or Syndicate that are anxious
to build these ships here design, if not to dominate, at
least to secure a large share in the ocean carrying trade
of the world. Ships have been, and are being, constructed
for them at several ports along the Pacific; and the idea
DO doubt is to make themselves persoiiae gratae with the
world's shippers. This is long-sighted patriotism, for all
will eventually redound to .Norway's prestige.
Here is another lesson in patriotic perspective that
ought to be taken to heart by true Canadians���real British
Columbians, and especially by our highly patriotic Manufacturers' Association.
Xow, when we are on this theme, it is most opportune
to point out that while ships may be constructed here by
companies formed under the Provincial law, it is certain
no company so formed can operate ships between Canada
and any foreign country. The moment a ship is slipped
from the construction dock, both the ship and the owner,
if he be a British subject, comes under the British Merchant Shipping Act and the Canada Shipping Act, the
latter being largely a re-enactment, and in some respects,
a complement of the former. And here again rises up
the arrant mendacity and effrontery with which Mr. Bowser foisted his pet project of a "Mercantile Marine" before
the people as part of his business policy. We cannot forget the pageant and the panoply of the Shipping Commission which sat here in the Court House under the
presidency of Mr. Tisdall and the minutiae of details which
it collected from the most incompatible sources, for the
purposes of forming its report to the government as the
basis of the law with which Mr. Bowser was to establish
a "Mercantile Marine." Alas how it shrivelled up into
the puerile plan of building with public money and subsidizing wooden ships for the benefit of the timber exporter alone. A "'Mercantile Marine"���pshaw! A Mendacious Manipulation to gull the people, and we rather
think poor Mr. Tisdall is himself ashamed of the masquerade in which for the time Mr. Bowser arrayed him in
semi-juridic splendour.
A Mercantile Marine ought to be established here, with
Vancouver as the chief port and port of registry of its
vessels. These vessels ought to be built here, and they
would not only subserve British Columbia, but the Western Prairies. They would be enormous contributors to
our industrial development and commercial expansion.
But the Provincial Government could not establish or
own or operate such a Mercantile Marine, and any company formed to do so would require to derive its powers
and authority from the Dominion. The Provincial Government is not, however, by this rather anomalous fact,
relieved from responsibility. It Ought to bring its concentric power, as the representative of the people, to bear
upon not only the Dominion Government, in formulating
such a project; but in facilitating in every legitimate way
any company proposing to carry it into effect.
Truly the new Government has not merely acceded to
power, it is the inheritor of the consequences of the incompetent regime of drivellers and nincompoops whom
Mr. Bowser so long dominated as the arrant Poo-Bah.
But the people of the Province are now moved by a common impulse for an era of advancement,' and the new
government has to act in unison. It cannot merely sit
apathetic, nor can it be content to be the plastic instrument of the speculator and railway promoter, as Mr, Bowser admitted that the McBride-Bowser government had
been when deprecating any qualifications to statesmanship,
he asserted that it was chief among the expert real estate
manipulators of the ruinous epidemic of graft, plunder
and blunder.
election out of all tiie acts passed after the 14th of March.
It will devolve naturally *upon the new Attorney-General
to adopt the only course available: that is to refer to the
Supreme Court as an urgent constitutional issue whether
the legislature was or was not legally extended. This
course Mr. Brewster, or Mr. Macdonald challenged Premier Bowser to adopt when he was about to pass the dubious extension Act; but he declined the challenge with
supercillious scorn. Fate has ordained���or is it retributive justice?���that Mr. Macdonald, as Attorney-General,
must do this work himself, and on lhe decision of the
Court everything depends. He must act promptly, for
until we have certainty we cannot have anything but formal government.
If the Court holds that the legislature had died before
Mr. Bowser tried to extend its life, then not only must
wc have another election, but all the acts passed after the
14tb of March are void, ab initio, including tlie act by
which Mr. Turner was superannuated, and Sir Richard
McBride cajoled into placid submission to the ignomy of
bis expulsion by the Agent-Generalship with an enormously inflated salary. All���all the mockery and mummery of Bowser's masquerade falls into a heap of ruin,
and the new election would require to be held on the
basis of the law as it stood on the 14th of March last.
It was not Mr. Brewster's writ that created this chaos
and confusion. It was Bowser's Act, and if Brewster's
writ had never been issued, cvery lawyer in the Province
whose client was affected by the legislation passed after
the 14th of March would have raised the question of its
legality until some one brought it to the Privy Council
for final decision. Several lawyers have already raised
the question in actions they are conducting or defending,
including, wc believe, Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper's firm.
Brewster's writ only raises the question incidentally, and
bis action would be good and tenable if the question were
deleted from the pleadings. He should, therefore, not
withdraw, as has been suggested, but proceed, and get
some measure of restitutive justice from the arrogant dictator. Constitutional government we must have, and all
doubt must be promptly removed in the way we have
stated.
If the Liberal government find that they have not been
legally elected they need not fear the inevitable new
election; for even if Bowser and his unholy machine had
the effrontery to again contest thc constituencies, the
wrathful indignation of the people would rise and swell
to such proportions that the only palliative and consolation for it would be the ignominous effacement of the
last remnant���every vestige���of the aggressive and abominable horde from thc petulant dictator to the most servile
rubber-stamp.
ANOTHER GENERAL ELECTION
THIS QUESTION was mooted in the STANDARD
last week, because it is within the range of possibilities which confront us that another election may be
necessary to put the new government on a legal basis.
This is part of the damnosa haereditas left to this Province by Mr. Bowser through his helter-skelter legislation. We learned something of the infamies of this from
the Dominion Trust Company's collapse; but Mr. Bowser
learned only the art of stiff-necked arrogance and recklessness. And accordingly he put upon the statute book an
Act, dated thc 15th of March, 1916, which pretended to
extend up to the 1st of June the legislature, whose term,
or rather thc term of whose elected members, had expired
the day before���the 14th of March.
Whether this was constitutional or not, Mr. Bowser did
not care; he didn't stop to consider. Once he got it on the
statute book he defied interference in the abominable
masquerade of enacting the pell-mell expedients which
he euphoniously designated his "business policy," a part
of which was the subsidizing relief loan to thc P. G. H.
Railway. All these present issues which must be investigated. The Act passed by Mr. Bowser on the 15tli of
March last is law till it is set aside as being not merely
ultra vires, but as being completely beyond the competence of a dead legislature to enact. The recent election
took place on the basis of certain amendments to the election act passed between the 14th of March and the 1st of
June. The writs were duly issued by the Lieutenant-
Governor, and every formality having been gone through
the election is valid so far as the Lieutenant-Governor is
concerned, whose unshirkable duty it is, on completion
of the count of the ballots, to call upon the leader of the
dominant party to form a government. A list of new
ministers and of the cabinet has to be submitted, and on
its acceptance, installation follows as a matter of course,
even if Mr. Bowser glued himself to the autocratic chair
from which he issued his ukases to "starve the Nanaimo
strikers into submission," and to do other brutal and unconstitutional deeds of arrogant defiance.
Once in power it will be the- first question with the
cabinet to agree upon testing not only the legality of the
boldly into the heart of Quebec and make the appeal to
the recalcitrant French-Canadians? _hey fear to do what
Laurier has already done. They fear to antagonize Bourassa and others of the ilk, and they arc too craven-hearted
to do what this paper challenged them to do���tell the
Quebec shirkers, who arc no more than misguided fanatics like the Sinn Fein Irish, that unless they volunteer
up to the full standard of their quota to the Canadian contribution of 500,000 men, conscription will be applied to
them though all thc rest of the Dominion is honorably
excluded from the indignity of the crusade.
Until they do this, regardless of political consequences,
every effort by them to secure the needed recruits by a
general appeal all over the Dominion is no more than poltroonery and pestilent pretence, though it is absolutely in
harmony with the traditions and ideals of "Organized
Hypocrisy." And Sir Wilfrid Laurier is right to abstain
from all participation in such a shocking abuse of public
rectitude and the ideals of public candor between thc
governing and the governed.
ORDER NOW Your
PRIVATE GREETING CARDS
G. S. FORSYTH & CO.
Cor. Homer and Hastings Streets
ORGANIZED   HYPOCRISY
LORD BEACONSFIELD,  the great Imperialist and
literary statesman, was a master of terse, definitive
phrases   which   were  a   condensation   of  recondite
truth, and he never uttered a finer epigram than when he
described the .Tory party as "Organised Hypocrisy."
The leopard has not changed his spots in this case, for
the definition of Disraeli is as true today is when he gave
it utterance. Look at the attitude, for instance, of the
Borden party in reference to Canada's contribution to the
Imperial army forces, and their attempt to attribute to
Sir Wilfrid Laurier all responsibility for the hesitancy
of certain sections of the Nationalists of Quebec to join
the ranks, though the war, being much more French than
British, and Nationalists being of French lineage and
speaking still the French language, the obligation upon
them to support the Allies' cause is preponderant over all
other affinities or allegiances or party'or provincial as
pirations.
The Borden party having shattered the hopes of their
most doughty supporters, and having alienated them by
the fickleness and falsity of their promises, found a new
rallying cry in the war propaganda, and they have organized, hypocritically of course, around this to such a
degree of perfection that they conceive all their defects
and delinquencies are submerged from public view, and
that now is the time for an appeal to the country.
They begin by working up the recruiting campaign to
white heat, and in spite of all the cordial acquicscences
of Sir Wilfrid and the Liberal party in the money votes
of Parliament, and in the measures passed to organize the
Canadian contingents, the Conservatives���the party of
"organized hypocrisy"���claim to be not only the monopolists but the sole exponents of loyalty, and they assert
that Laurier is not only allied with the traitorous element
of the Canadian-French population, but that he is himself
a traitor to the cause which he pretends t6 espouse. They
do not hesitate to say he is animated by hostilities to
Canada's continuance within tbe Empire. In other words,
they ascribe to Sir Wilfrid all the characteristics of that
"organized hypocrisy" of which they arc the Canadian
inheritors and the doctrinated exponents.
Surely the people of Canada can penetrate below the
specious sophistry and tbe arrant mendacity of this "organized hypocrisy."
The recent speech of Sir Wilfrid at Montreal is itself
a refutation of the malignant aspersions, for no orator
either of ancient or modern times has ever uttered a more
soul-stirring message to bis country or made such an
appeal to the manhood of its people. It was the unmistakable expression of a man intensely moved by the necessities of the times and the obligations of patriotism and
loyalty, to respond to the call of duty. If it failed to thrill
every French-Canadian heart, then wc must conclude Sir
Wilfrid Laurier has little influence among the Nationalists
of Quebec, and in this alone he stands exculpated from
the charge of leading and conniving with them in their
obstinate hostility to the participation of Canada in the
war.
Sir Wilfrid has not, and never had, any influence with
the National element of his countrymen, and Bourassa
and his followers found much more congenial co-operators
in that "organized hypocrisy" which is more generally
known as the Conservative party, now led and represented
by such stalwarts as Borden, Foster, Rogers, Sam Hughes.
After each of these names a huge P ought to be placed
to indicate their main features and claims upon public
confidence. Thus: R. L. Borden, P (Promises); George
E. Foster, P (Platitudes); Robert Rogers, P (Perfidies);
Sam Hughes, P (Pyrotechnics). The four great P's of
organized hypocrisy. And even now they are solidfying
their organization to win the credulity of the people by
falsely ascribing to Laurier what they themselves essentially are���hypocrites. We regret that we cannot add our
own H. H. Stevens to this gallant four, partly because it
takes two P's to give him his right appellation���Puny
Poltroon���and partly because he is too puny and puerile
to rank at all among the stalwarts of "organized hypocrisy."
But as the STANDARD has already said to Sir George
E. Foster, the man of platitudes, when he was recently evaporating heroics here, why do the Conservatives not go
THE  JITNEY  JUGGERNAUTS
THE JITNEY has now, under the malign air. of prosperity, become itself odious and a positive menace
not only to our lives, but to our morals. The Juggernaut Jitney now plunges recklessly through our streets
regardless of all law and all restraint, and it reaches thc
summit of defiance when it swept from its path the
"Safety Zone" protections designed by Alderman Gale,
and established at certain points of congestion and traffic, for protection of the public.
Contemporaneously with this, we are faced with a pathetic appeal���or is it a menace?���by the street car management for the return of the public to their former patronage. This appeal makes it clear not only that the B. C.
Electric is a large contributor to the City's resources,
but that if tbe patronage of the public is not restored to
it and the jitney eliminated, the service will decline and
cars will cease to be run along routes which at present are
not self-sustaining. And more than this confronts the
general public. The electric light system is dependent,
as regards its cost of supply, upon the street car returns,
and if these fall below a certain standard for dividend
purposes to the stockholders of the great undertaking,
then the prices of electric light in our homes must be raised, and probably the street car fares as well.
In these rather stringent times, the position is some-'
what startling.
The appeal of the Company���the statement of the dilemma confronting both it and the public���comes very opportunely; for the jitney day after day is piling up revulsions against itself. We believe it might have been
kept in better restraint by the enforcement of the City's
own regulations. But if the drivers were bent upon it,
even the police oculd not very well have thwarted or circumvented the prostitution of their jitneys to the purposes
now attributed to them. By the dissemination of the red-
light district over the City, the vice and the victims have
found their habitations in rooming-houses in the erstwhile respectable residential districts; and certain of the
less respectable jitney drivers knowing these habitations
and their modus operandi, devote and direct their efforts to
catering to them and to accommodating the traffic which
flows to and from them in almost ceaseless streams.
The eyes of the people as they walk along are shocked,
horrified and revolted at thc spectacle which is the natural corollary of distributing the evil that formerly was
concentrated in one area, well within the control of the
police authorities. A similar kind of distributed evil will
���it is feared���present itself with the transference of the
liquor from the store and the bar to the homes of the
people. The evil remains in spite of its distribution, and
it becomes more malignant day by day in spite of the
pretentious claims of the purist cults that they have extinguished it, merely by removing or changing its. centre
of operation.
But what is to be done with the jitney? The wrongs
here stated as pertinent to the machine, are not necessarily attributable to all the drivers. Should not they
cleanse their own stable? Before we condemn them in
globo we should bring them to a sense of duty and right.
President Wilson, to the inevitable. But everything and
everybody is out of joint with the austere innovation. The
worker and operator, even in his own premises, is.under a
strange duress, for even the artizan that nails a sole to
an upper has to desist from what, to many a one, is an act
of obliging humanity. What a dead silence! Everything
is shewn from within but neething must be bought or sold.
And Saturday evening is the time not only for the spender, but for the visitor.
Who benefits by tllis?
Xot the city. Xot the people, for has not the housekeeper to crush bis purchases into the Friday evening
and has he not, after exhausting himself on Friday night,
to be up and out again for his work on Saturday morning?
A few of the assistants may prize the Saturday closing,
not because it gives them a half-holiday, but because it
releases them from a work which never would they perform were it not for the living. But balf-a-day off on any
other day than Saturday would bc quite as acceptable,
and it would serve even a better purpose of resuscitation to
have it in the middle rather than at the end of thc week
when they have a whole day by the ordinances of the
Christian religion.
But who, again we ask, docs this Saturday half-holiday
serve or suit? X'obody. Everyone is disgusted with it and
the results it has produced.
Let us learn from thc experience and restore our social
and business life to normal and rational conditions. The
phantasies of Vancouver quixotics are premature until
first we have abolished or overmastered the orthodox rule
of mankind���supply and demand.
w
SATURDAY   CLOSING
INTER is fast closing in upon us, and we are constrained to ask:  Can nothing 'be done to relieve
the absurdities and the vexatious inconveniences of
the Saturday Closing Bylaw?
The City and the people, besides the inconvenience,
have suffered heavy losses during the summer months,
when visitors were continuously passing in and out, and
anxious to spend money by buying many of the commodities which should have been ready for them. But these
visitors found here shop regulations more stringent than
anything ever encountered. They could not buy what they
wanted, nor could they understand the prohibition or
restriction; and they turned away in disgust or convinced
that this vaunted Vancouver had transported itself backward to the whimsical austerities of the Puritan period.
We have even surpassed those austerities in decreeing that
Saturday afternoon shall bc added to the day of rest as a
period of preparation for the "due observance" of the
Lord's day. Ahem! Our visitors failed to relish the fact
that the Vancouver wiseacres surpassed in knowledge
and humanity the grcat Authority who made thc famous
pronouncement, "Six days shalt thou labor." Vancouver
declares for five days and a half, and in this way "puts one
over*' on the God whom the people say they worship. The
same symptom of superior wisdom found expression in
the policy of discarding "temperance" which the Divine
Master inculcated, and of substituting for it "Prohibition"
���compulsory abstention from even "the little wine for
the stomach's sake" which St. Paul extolled as the ideal
of life.
The truth is that for Saturday closing there is no reason
except the vain desire of the cranks of the community who
have nothing to do since the real estate epidemic ended,
except to soar aloft and tower high as philanthropists.
By doing this do they hope to make retribution for their
own past? This is not returning good for evil, but piling
evil on the top of evil. The storekeeper has to live, and we
have all our needs to supply, and Saturday, of all other
days, is incomparably the best for replenishing the larder
as well as for making all sorts of purchases.
Saturday afternoons bring nothing but sombre silence
and empty streets, and while in the summer we consoled
ourselves with the reflection that the beaches and the
parks were filled with the erstwhile pedestrians of the
thoroughfares, we know not only that that was an illusion, but that during the winter the Saturday afternoon
will be devoted to toe-toasting and other devices of nonchalant ennui.
If that Vvere all, we might protest and then submit, like
SUB-CITY   TUNNEL
THE ABSOLUTE necessity of a tunnel for the accommodation of the traffic of the C. P. R. between the
waterfront and the freight yards, extending from
Pender Street to False Creek, is becoming more and more
imperative. It is a sine qua non of the City's future advancement, and however much the railway company may
evade it and seek to shift the cost of construction upon
tbe City, the work must be accomplished, and the sooner
the better. We have seen during the past summer the
most obnoxious disregard of the public right and public
convenience. Long lines of empty cars, almost interminable, as one stood glowering at them, were and are
run to and fro across Hastings and Pender Streets at the
precise time when traffic is most dense. The stoppoge
of the people, especially along Hastings Street, the stoppage of street cars, jitneys and all forms of vehicle, have
over and over again evoked loud cries of protest and indignation. But it seemed as if no remedy was available.
Nor is there for the individual man, though it is individuals who make the community. Mayor and City Councils
are a body corporate and for all purposes of right and
wrong affecting the City, they are its mouthpiece of expression. They should, in the present instance, formulate
their views and urge upon the railway company the necessity of constructing the tunnel which was proposed and
even projected some years ago. Why it was abandoned
it is not easy to see, for the urgent need has grown day
by day and year by year. It would seem from the latest
attitude of the railway company that they do not admit
any obligation in the matter. In fact they repudiate the
obligation, and assert, per contra, that as they are satisfied with present conditions, thc City must construct the
tunnel if the public want it or need it.
Now this, in the concrete, is defiance of the rankest
description, and wholly unbecoming to a huge corporation
which possesses a national status. Defiance like this is
intolerable. Public rights transcend every private or
monopolistic title; and the people, if aroused, may
do with a railway what many a time they have done with
their tyrannic Kings���cut them off in spite of their titles,
and convert their lands to public uses,
The people have a remedy in the last resort which is
drastic.
But the railway is under the jurisdiction of the Dominion Railway Commissioners, and their powers are paramount in regard to compelling the construction of all
things necessary or conducive to public safety or public
convenience. Here we have a concerte case. Steps
should at once be taken by the City to procure the order
of the Railway Commission for the construction of the
tunnel by the C. P. R. And the Railway must comply
once the order is made, because there are enormous powers and sanctions for its compulsory enforcement. With
this recommendation'to our City Fathers for immediate
action, we ask tbe people to defer any resort to the ultimate remedy which, in the essence, and however revolutionary it may appear, is only an assertion of thc predominance of the rights of the public and of every individual over the titular claims of monopolistic or other corporations.
_���>_���___>, __*NAN__* Breezes of Indignation
WrilnlWA<l|v And Information
A GALE SET up, but a whirlwind knocked out the newly-installed safety zones���a gale of enthusiasm for public
safety, and a whirlwind of wrath by the jitney men. Watch
thc City Hall horizon to see which of the elements shall
overpower the other���the gale or the whirlwind.
THE UNKINDEST CUT of all comes here from Toronto
where a Tory journal asks what Premier Bowser thinks
of the people of B. C, but adding: "We know already
what they think of him."
* * *
EVERY LITTLE "THING" helps, and there's no reason
in the world why H. H. Stevens shouldn't help the secret
generators of an obnoxious harbor development scheme
is there?   He's a very "little thing" in our City's life.
THE HEARST PAPERS though banned in Britain, are
still entering Canada. Why? A tale of Tory incompetence once more rehearsed!
THE GOVERNMENT WHO have so long glittered in
the masquerades of Sir Sam, should offer a reward for
the discovery of any way not yet exploited whereby the
gallant knight might make a further ass of himself.
THE GALE AND WHIRLWIND which first set up and
then demolished the safety zones of Vancouver, have produced for editors sweltering deluges of rhyme���rhyme
without reason, and certainly without measure. SATURDAY,   OCTOBER   2S.   1916
THE  STANDARD
TSUSI
There   will   be   a   mass  tnecttni
Women's organizations   on Tuesday,
October ,11st. at .1 p.m., iii the ball
ri  Ilou-I Vancouver, ai which Sir
Herbert Ames, hon, sei n tarj ol thi
national executive, will gin- an ad-
dress on tile work of the Canadian
Patriotic fund. Mrs. Fyfe Smith, the
convenor, has issued invitations fo
the various presidents.
* * *
Mr. anel Mrs. A. G. MacMillan, 136
Thurlow street, announce the marriage of their eldest daughter, Marjorie Cameron, to Lieut. Oscar I-'itz-
alan Orr of the 29th battalion, only
son nf Mrs. 0. P. Orr, Xew Westminster, B. C.
* * tt
Dr. R. E. McKcchnip has left the
city for a thirty-day trip through the
eastern beespitals and will also attend
the Clinical Congress of Surgeons at
Philadelphia.
* * *
The "Triple Entente" Chapter,- 1.0.
D.E., will bold a tea and sale of work
at the home of Mrs. Wilson Herald
on November 1, in order to raise
money to buy comforts for soldiers.
* * ���
Miss"^. Wilson, who has been
teaching on Vancouver Island, is expected lu re very soon to enter the
training school for nurses at the Vancouver General Hospital. Miss Wilson's  sister,   Miss   L.   Wilson,   is   at
present nursing in the military hoi |
pii.il at Esquimalt,
* ��� *
Mr. Wilfred W. Gillespie, of the
Bank of Commerce staff, Duncan,
and sou of Mr. F. J. Gillespie, of
this city, has resigned from the bank
and joined Colonel Leach's 2.11 st battalion, Mr. Donald Gillespie, another son. is an orderly in tho 11. C. hospital at Saloiiiki.
* * *
In aid of the prisoners of war, the
L'nited Scottish societies are arranging a Hallowe'en concert and dance
in Dominion Hall, on Tuesday, October 31, at 8 p.m. The proceeds are
to go to the braves who are in durance vile for us. Keep this evening
free. Further details will be given
later. One item, however, is the
world famous O'Tullocb, which is not
only a Scottish dance, but a performance of no mean art.
* * *
The South Vancouver firemen vvill
hold their annual supper and dance
at Fraser Hall, cor. 48th ave. and Fraser street, on Thursday, November 9.
The proceeds of the dance are te> be
used to send Xmas gifts to the members of the fire department who are
on active service. Last year a large
amount of money was raised and it
went a long way to making the Xmas
of the boys in the trenches a cheerful one.   It is expected that this year
the affair w ill surpass any pre
good time arranged by thi  firemen.
* * *
Misa Dorothy Langford has returned from a visit to her father at Vernon.
* * *
Misa Nina Carscadden, of Chilliwack, i- visiting friends in this city.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. II. B, Adams have
gone over to Victoria for a short holiday. ,
tt * *
Mr. and Mrs. II. K. Spencer of this j
city, are spending a short holiday at j
Victoria.
* * *
Miss !���',. MacKenzie is spend!. *���
few days in Victoria visiting . i
friends. *���
* * *
The marriage of Mr. John Burns
anel Miss Macey took place in Toronto last week.
tt t, tf
Mrs. J. Booth has returned to her
home in Xanaimo from a visit to
friends here.
* * *
Colonel and Mrs. Ogilvie, accompanied by the Misses Lemon and
Miss Brownie Bodwell, of Victoria,
are in London.
* * *
Mrs. VV, T. McArthur, with her
family, returned last week from llali-
Demonstrating That Our Black Silk
Values are the Very Best Procurable
MAINTAINING a reputation that we have enjoyed for many years, for giving
the best black silk value to be obtained anywhere in Canada. When rumors were
afloat that silks were going to be scarce, our buyers busied themselves assembling huge stocks, which meant lowest prices. Today we claim, without any exaggeration, that not only have we the largest stocks of black silk in our history,
but that value for value our prices are unequalled. Let us show you. A partial
list of our prices follow:
FINE BLACK  FRENCH  TAFFETA SILKS���36
inches   wide.     Unrivalled  at,  per  yard... .$1.50
BEST FRENCH TAFFETA   CHIFFON   SILKS.
39 inches wide, at, per yard   $1.95
TAFFETA SILK SUPREME���The best quality. 40'
inches  wide,  at    $2.50
BLACK PAILLETTE SILK���Guaranteed dye. at,
per yard    89c
FINE PAILLETTE SILK���A good wearing quality, 36 inches wide, at, per yard   $1.25
RICH  SATIN  DUCHESS MOUSSELINE���36 inches wide, at, per yard  $1.50
SUPERB   DUCHESS  MOUSSELINE ���39  inches
wide; extraordinary value at, per yard  ....$1.75
IlKNGAI.INK   CORD  SILK���For  suits or  coats;
36 inches wide, at, per yard   $2.25
VERY   BEAUTIFUL  FAILLE  CORD  SILK  of
French make; 40 inches wide, at, per yard. $2.95
SATIN SUITING���In a very fine heavy quality, 40
inches wide, at '. $2.50
BLACK SATIN ROMA INK���40 inches wide; rich
and beautiful, at, per yard   $2.25
BLACK  SOFT GORD  FA I I.LF.TI NK���A   French
silk  novelty, at, per yard $1.75
BLACK SILK POPLIN���36 inches wide; a popular
number m. per yard   $1.50
HEAVY    SILK    I'.K.W, AI.1NK���\    silk   and   woo!
fabric,   at,   per  yard    '...$2.50      ^^^^^^^^^
BLACK CREPE DE CHINKS, at $1.50, $1.75,,$2.25
And many BLACK TRIMMING SILKS OF CORD, MOIRE, OTTOMAN
standing any comparison.
SATIN, etc., etc., at prices
k Dress Goods Stock
IS AT ITS BEST NOW
i-b
magnificent  variety  and  prices  so
Kine Black
Black  Satin
Fine AIl-wo
Black Mel
���Hack Sun 'I
bine Black
Bl_ck Alma
Silk  and W
Cashmere, $1.10, $1.35, $1.50, $1.75, $2.25
Face  .Alexandra Cloths, per  yard,
 $1.95 'and  $2.25
ol Armure Cloths  $1.75 and $1.95
sa Cord Fabric, yard ....$1.75 and $2.25
'oy Cloth, per yard   $1.50 and $1.65
Wool Panama, per yard   $1.35
Twill FJbric, per yard  $1.73
ool  Resilda, at   ..$1.85, $2.35, and  $3.25
Rich Black Silk and Wool Corduroy Dress Fabric.
yard    ". $2.95
Fine Heavy Poplins, at, yard ..$1.50, $1.95 and $2.50
Black Wool Crepeline, per yard 79c, 85c, anel 98c
Black Silk and Wool Crepes,
 $1.10, $1.65, $1.95, $2.25 and $2.50
Plain   Black  Broadcloths, yard    $2.50
Black Serges, "Imperial Navy" Brand, a manufacture of high standard quality and reliability. An
immdhse range from 69c, 75c, 85c, $1.00, $1.25,
$1.50, $1.75, $2.25 up to $4.50.
When it's black materials you require, the Hudson's Bay Company stands ready*
to meet your every desire.    Let us show you.
iL#*^Ba!J (fompanu
INCORPORATED mWT.
imt tn t .tuwit-t swots cwjWjSjjwiw
fax, where she has been spending
several months.
* * tt
Miss Edna McVicar has left for
New York, where she expects to take
a post graduate course at the Manhattan hospital,
tt * *
Mr. and Mrs. II. T. Lockyer. Dr.
Farrell and Mr. Edward II. Halse
are- amongst the Vancouver people
registered last week at the Hotel
Portland, Portland, Ore.
* *   en
Mr. and Mrs. John  Sae, of Midi-
cine Hat, whose marriage took place
last wei ��� . an   ipi nding their 1. nt j
mo mi \ i king in Vancouver,
ia and other coail     I ���
* * *
The King and Q ���   revived
thc custom of going to church twice
every  :'��� inday  now,  and  the)   i   peel
their guesti  to do likewise.
* * *
Bar         _l , rheilm,  wife of    the
Swedish minister iii Tokio, was n passenger "ii the Empress of Amu, e,n
the way to Stockholm, Sweden.
Miss Bessie Cassaely, of New Westminster, will enter the Vancouver
General Hospital Training School for
nurses about the first of next month,
* * *
Mrs. Fred, Pemberton, who has
been the guest of Mrs. \V. Ii. Robertson for the last two weeks, left yesterday for her home in Victoria.
* * *
Mrs. Horsman and her daughter,
Mrs. A. M. Berrynian, of Calgary,
who have been visiting in Vancouver
and  Victoria,  have  returned  to  their
home.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. William B. Barclay,
of this city, are spending their honeymoon visiting the coast cities, and
will later take up their residence at
Powell  River. ^
ft * ft
Mrs. Ilargraves. of this city, whose
husband and sons are "somewhere in
France," has gone to Naramata to
spend  a   few  (lays   visiting   with   her
nephew, Mr. Dean.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. K. S. Cunliffe, whose
marriage took place here about ten
days ago. have returned from their
tour of the sound citie-s and have
taken up residence in their new home
at Xanaimo.
* *  *
I.ady Lougheed, and her daughter.
Miss Dorothy Lougheed, of Calgary,
are leaving this week for England,
where they will spend Christmas
with   Major  Clarence   Lougheed   anel
Lieut. Edgar Lougheed.
* * *
Xank Solloway, familiarly known
as "Pot," who before enlisting was
employed at the Bank of Toronto,
has joined thc 6Sth Depot Battery
Field Artillery. He is the second son
of Mr. A. E. Solloway to join the
colors,   Leo.   his   brother,     being   in
France now.
* ft ��
The Duke ana Duchess of Devonshire, before leaving for Canada, are
evincing keen interest in the various
Canadian institutions in England
They visited the Maple Leaf club on
Monday, and were received by Lady
Drummond and' other members of
the committee. On Friday last, the
duchess, accompanied by her daughter, Maude Cavendish, visited the
Kingswood convalescent hospital at
Dulwich, and were received by Mrs.
Gooderham and Mrs. Reynolds, of
Toronto, and Mr. Robinson, on behalf
of the Massey-Harris Con.pany, Limited.
��� t
Sir I lerbert Ames, who will add
a large- meeting ol evomen's o ganiza-
tions "'i  '!' ii - la*        uexl     eek,
very logical and      nvinci        penki
I  places his subji   I
ui     i       in  .-.   i    tic ilarl
njli i His
j -'.u : lid execul
iasm   ci    -   I  I     him     an   anini  I
e in  the raisi
I tion of C ��� ida's gn atcst war I
Store opens at 8.30 a.m. and closes at 6 p.m.
An Excellent Showing of New
Silk Scarfs���Very Popular Now
SPLENDID ASSORTMENT now on display at
the Neckwear Section. The /ery latest styles
are represented, among which are the following:
Artificial silk scarfs, in all
the new plain colors.
These are 52 inches long
and 10 inches wide and
are finished with fringe.
$2.75 and $3.00 each.
Artificial silk scarfs, with
three rows of Roman
stripes. These are in
heavy quality and are
58 in. long and 14 in. wide.
$6.50 each.
Artificial silk scarfs, 60
inches long and 14 inches
wide, in purple, saxe blue,
white, coral, rose, sand,
red, Copenhagen, green,
black, navy, copper, biscuit or cherry, at $5.00
each.
Artificial silk scarfs, in
Roman stripe designs,
with fringe ends, 14 in.
wide and 50 in. long, at
$3.25   each.
Navy Blue Suits for Juniors, $25
OUR JUNIOR SUITS are designed for young
girls who have just begun to wear suits. The
models are not the ultra fashions that older girls
wear. Rather the simple Norfolk and belted jackets, with short, smart skirts. We are now showing a splendid collection of suits for juniors in all
wool navy serge for ages from 13 years. These
garments are particularly well designed and possess features usually associated with the better
class of tailored suits.   The coats are satin lined.
575 GRANVILLE   **
Phone Sey. 3540
a cause in which he has worked with
amazing energy. Arrangements are
already well in hand for the meeting
under the auspices of the Women's
Auxiliary of tbe Vancouver branch of
the fund, and every woman who can
should be present to hear Sir Herbert
Ames' address on Tuesday, 31st inst.,
at 3 p.m., in thc ball room of the
Hotel Vancouver.
* * *
The Valcartier Camp Chapter I.n.
D.E., has announced that the proceeds of the bridge tea held in t! e
Hudson's Bay Imperial tea moms last
week, amounted to $315.90, From this
bas been deducted $14.70 for expenses,
leaving a balance- of $301.2 which
has been sent to the Municipal Chapter of the order to 1"- us id for Christ-
Imas cheer for prisoners of war. The
members of the Valcartier t
Chapter feel much I ���    the
iuana._c:!i'. nt   of   the   Hud
stores for their most gene
The
Kii
board
* * *
i   ��� .
ci  the  Hotel  Van
���
���
'
i
ic-i-s.
ll
li , there will be a 11,1-
llowc'e it   I Ucnc >c   1   '
Tuesday, October 31, from 3.30 to 7
o'clock. A good musical programme
is being arranged, and some exhibitions of dancing by an accomplished
dancer. Palmists will be in attendance and a thoroughly enjoyable afternoon will be assured.
* * *
Mr. am! Mrs. Ritchie, of Xew Zealand, who have been spending the
past two months in the city as thc
guests at Glencoe Lodge, are leaving
for England. Mrs. Ritchie is a niece
of Sir James Mills, president of the
New Zealand Steamship company,
who arrived in the city last Monday
on the  Niagara.
+ * *
Mr.  and   Mrs.   Alder  and  ehil In n
have in  town   from   Vernon.
ect to d ihe winter ice re.
* * *
1 ii Monday last, I ler R lyal i lif.li-
ness, Conna
���  i   Canadian
Shi
om 11       ol.
Irtiini Bulke-
.   iln*
I
been
ti i      mus-
. '
1 her
'���'���. j.-VV '���;.''"��� -.0
_____ I _,
DRAWING "TAJIKS" WITH CHALK IN  THE SCHOOL rl.AYGROUKU
SInny of tfcc teacherH of the Lomlon  County School* have  head  n   lively time   _U___g the lant few e*ayn
as the p_pl!_(___ _n_louN for full dcticriptionN of the "tanki*."    The  boys  hnve  experimented  with  "tank**
drawing*. (Daily Mirror War Service). FOUR
THE STANDARD
SATURDAY,   OCTOBER   28,   1916
HOW DO YOU
BUY BREAD?
Do you ask for, and get, just a "loaf of bread," or do
you, like the wise, discriminating buyers, order
SMAX and
SUNLIGHT
"THE   BETTER   BREADS"
These are wholesome, nutritious���made in a modern,
sanitary bakery���in every detail as good bread as
conscientious effort can make them.
Every loaf crisp, tender, delicious���done to a turn.
If your grocer cannot supply you, phone Fairmont
443 and we'll get it to you prompt.
HAMPTON-PINCHIN
Bakers of Better Bread
RETURNED SOLDIERS
Mr. A. R. Doble, president of the
Khaki League, Montreal, has requested the STAXDARD to give publicity
to the following appeal:���
The 'Military Hospitals Commission and many official and private
organizations are spending much time
and energy in behalf of the returned
soldiers, but every Canadian citizen
should and can take an interest in
the national heroes.
Many have neither time nor opportunity to join an organization for that
purpose, but much is to be done by individual and independent effort, intelligently directed. Here are a few
suggestions which may help you to
do your part.
When you see in the papers that
any of the boys are returning to your
neighborhood!! get together with a
few of your neighbors and give them
a hearty reception. It is not an indispensable of appreciation to treat
them to alcoholic refreshments; for
while under ordinary 'circumstances,
a drink might do them no harm, many
are not in normal health or mental
condition, and a drink might be far
from beneficial.
Find out what jobs are vacant in
your community. Make it a matter of
duty rather than pride for employers
to give the first chance to a returned
soldier, and in every way encourage
the men to get back to work, for it
is the antidote to many errors, and it
is more curative than long weeks of
idleness.
If you are an employer, give the returned soldiers a fair show. It may
take a little time for them to get their
bearings. Have patience with them,
and encourage them. This is the best
requital of their devotion to King
and Country.
Be in a position to aid the returned soldier. It you see one in any
difficulty, aid him, not only with advice, but with whatever co-operation
he requires.
The Military Hospitals Commission of the Dominion Government
has its chief office at 22 Victoria St.,
Ottawa, and the British Columbia
Returned Soldiers' Aid Commission
is at the Parliament Buildings, Victoria.
At cither of these enquiries should
be made and information procured in
relation to returned soldiers.
Returned soldiers need neither coddling, nor charity, but they do need
full measures of human sympathy and
justice; and for these, this appeal
goes forth to every Canadian.
Read a Good Newspaper
A boy who has just finished at
school and is about to attempt to
earn his own living asked his principal for advice as to the books that
would give him the broader education he covets but must acquire by
himself. The-reply was as follows:
"For every work of fiction read also
a well selected volume of history or
biography. Study living people as
well as books. More may be gained
from the perusal of a good newspaper than from the pages of many histories." There is better guidance in
that advice than in most of the lists
of "the best books" that have had
wide publicity.
ifflptt, fcmnt, mu Snnka
DO YOU EVER TRY
THE LONG DISTANCE
TELEPHONE?
We tell you about our Long Distance Service,
how quick it is, how good it is, how satisfactory
it is.
The telephone is right at your hand. Try it
yourself!
An important matter can be settled in a moment.   N6 waiting.   No delay.   No inconvenience.
B.C. TELEPHONE CO. LTD.
THE RHYMES OF A RED CROSS
MAN
Another volume of poems by Robert Service will arrive in Vancouver in
a few days. Those who have read
"Songs of a Sourdough" are expecting a volume of "live," vigorous, unconventional verse: they will not bc
disappointed. "The Rhymes of a
Red Cross Man" have been inspired
by experiences in the war zone, where
Robert W. Service is serving with an
ambulance.
* * *
Service sees the tragedy of war,
and describes it: as he saw and described the tragedy of the hunt for
gold in the Yukon, but he also sees,
and reproduces, the unquenchable
humor of the men, the humor which
will be such a great factor in the
winning of the war.
* * *
. . . there is his dog by his empty bed,
And the flute he used to play,
And his favorite bat . . . but Dick, he's
dead,
Somewhere in France, they say.
And I called him fool . . . how blind
was I!
Oh I the cup of my grief's abrim!
Will glory o' England ever die
So long as we've lads like him?
PORTRAITS OF THE
SEVENTIES
G. W. E. Russell, the younger son
of Lord Charles Russell, and a nephew of Lord John Russell, has already given us books of anecdote.
"Reminiscences" which will long remain delightful reading.
A new book from his pen, "Por-
traitik.of the Seventies," will be a fit
companion to Justin McCarthy's
"Portraits of the Sixties," and prove
quite as fascinating for "the Seventies" saw many splendid men and
women of world-wide fame in the
zenith of their powers.
He   *   *
Mr. W. E. Russell knows what to
leave out of a book���as well as what
to put in, and his volume will be like
an egg���"all meat."
"A Hymn of Peace." I have beard
a rehearsal, and if this music is not
rapturously acclaimed���I am no true
prophetl
The STANDARD published one of
the papers on "The Bore," read at
the "Vagabonds Club." That was
good. The paper I want to see in
print is Professor Ashton's essay on
"The Education of the Senses."
Professor Rossitter Howard- in the
lecture he gave in Vancouver on Architecture showed some splendid
photographs of American buihjings
inspired by memories of the ancient
gems of Greek and Roman architecture. He showed how an American
railway station was largely a reproduction of the "Bath of Diocle-
tion"��� a wond'erful building. He
did not tell us what gem of antiquity inspired the Vancouver City Hall,
and he said not one word in praise of
Vancouver building a wooden church
and painting it to look like granite
���just as if God wouldn't know that
it was "cheap!"
THE CALL OF THE WEST
Captain Galloway, R.M.R.E., is now
at the front. Xot long ago, though
it seems long, we are making history
so rapidly,, he was out here, and I
had the pleasure of chatting with him
absut Vancouver people and places.
He has published a book, "The Call
of the West," which shows that brain,
camera, and hand were all busy. He
describes British Columbia's wilds
with power. . He tells the people of
the old country of the difficulties, the
trials and the triumphs of life out
here. He is happy in description,
caustic but fair in judgment, and he
gives some good advice. May he
come safe out of the war and see his
book achieve the success it deserves.
He is particularly interesting when
he deals with Vancouver and other
British Columbian cities.
"ENGLAND'S EFFORT"
Mrs. Humphrey Ward is no longer
a young woman. Most of her life has
been spent among quiet and elegant
surroundings. She has written chiefly of the leisured class in England
in her many novels, i Her industry
has been great, but few who know
her work would have thought her capable of visiting the front. Yet this
is what Mrs. Ward has done. Her
motive was to let the people of the
United States know what the people
of Great Britain have done in the
war. The title of her book is "England's Effort." It is written in the
form of letters, and is, she says, "the
outcome of an urgent call from America sent by various friends whose
whole sympathy is with the Allies."
Mrs. Ward describes the part taken
in the factories and munition works
by women, as well as by men, no
less graphically than the scenes nearer the front. ' An interesting part of
the book is the preface by Joseph H.
Choate, a great American, and a
friend of Mrs. Ward. "England's Effort" will be widely read by the people of Canada, and its women will
learn from it more than they already
know of the sacrifices and the efforts
made by all classes in the Motherland.
SOME NEW MUSIC
Madame Pratt-Stuart, whose husband is fighting for the Empire
"Somewhere in France," finds work,
hard work, a relief to anxiety���and
she has been working bard on sonic
new music, Already she has shown
her talent as a composer in the "Iroquois Lullaby," and other charming
settings���some to the poems of Pauline Johnson. At ihe Avenue'on Xov.
4 we shall hear Madame I'ratt-
Stuart's  new  ballet  music���including
NEW LIBRARY BOOKS
New books at the Carnegie Library
include: Thayer's Life and Letters of
John Hay, 2 vols., 8vo.; Curtis^ The
Problems of the Commonwealth;
Hurd's The New Empire Partnership; the complete works of Judge
Haliburton (Canada's greatest writer), including the rare history of
Nova Scotia, 26 vols., various sizes;
Huxley's Life and Letters, 2 vols.;
Stephen Leacock's literary essays and
studies; Rupert Brook's poems and
bis Letters from America, 2 vols;
Victor's Canada's Future What She
Offers After the War; Merrick's The
World's Decision; France and Italy
in the War; Zangwill's The War for
the World; Martin's A Surgeon in
Khaki; Fortier Jones' With Serbia
Into Exile; Edith Wharton's Fighting France; Burpee's Sandforil Fleming, Empire Builder; Win wood
Reade's Veil of Jsis, or Mysteries of
the Druids; Moore's Romance of a
Red Cross Hospital; Ruhl's Antwerp
to Gallipoli,
���PETER PICKUP.
Preparedness
By
R. C. Hodgson, Chairman North Fraser Harbor Commissioners
The STANDARD, in furtherance
of its campaign for the establishment
of local industries, and the utilization
of our port as a centre of shipping for
Western Canada, feels fortified in its
advocacy by the masterly address of
Mr. R. C. Hodgson recently given
before the Pacific Coast Association
of Port Authorities at Vancouver,
and which it now reproduces as a
thorough exposition of timely development.   It follows:
Mr. President and Gentlemen:���
The subject which I have chosen
for this paper, "Preparedness," is
one which I believe to be of the utmost importance to every port authority, as the ports that are doing the
largest business and doing it most efficiently, are those that have kept
their facilities ahead of actual requirements
My colleagues and I have all this
in prospective. It is the ultimate aim
of the Xorth Fraser Harbor Commissioners to create or to be instrumental in the creation of an efficient
fresh water harbor. . . .-
Harbor development spell "Patriotism." A successful harbor is a
synomym for a successful country,
and a successful country under proper spiritual and educational guidance should be a happy one, as success brings happiness. . . .
We must forestall, if possible, the
danger that, like other cities, our port
"will just happen," and so prove a
burden and a problem for the future,
even or perhaps the next generation.
We are all aware under what tremendous difficulties the two largest
ports in the world, London and New
York, are laboring to overcome the
tremendous handicap of congestion
of  business,  traffic   and    population
caused by unintelligent, unguarded
and undirected growth. . .
It is certain that those harbors
which have been successful beyond
others are those tliat have been con-
tredled by men who have intelligently anticipated with the most modern
effectives to be had, the desire and
tendency for expansion, which is so
pre-eminently the distinguishing feature .of this century's business life.
This  century  belongs  to  Canada.
Canada has got into her stride, has
attained full adolescence, lias develop,
ed strength physically and mentally,
to reach out for thc big things. . . .
"Will Canada be able to progress
during Ibis century as fast as the United States progressed during the
last?" The answer is, Mr. President,
that she will if we do all in our power
to help her to that end, therefore,
do not let any of us "Sleep at the
switch."
Our west and middle west are our
new problems, and must find us prepared. Our agricultural middle west
is a land of vast potentialities, is
like the sleeping beauty awaiting the
kiss of the Prince whose name is
OPPORTUNITY.
We in Canada have to thank our
American cousins for the Panama
Canal. It will have the effect of
distributing the population of both
Nations more evenly. It will correct
the anomaly of a dense eastern and
a  scarce  western  population.
I venture to predict that within
thirty-five years the manufacturing
and productive power of the west will
be required to supply the west, leaving for transfer to the east only such
commodities as the west is able to
produce more advantageously than
the east and vice versa.
If we are to build ahead of present
requirements, the questions now present themselves. How much of the
future should we take into consideration? For how many years ahead
should we plan? Suppose we make
it just one generation, say thirty or
thirty-five years? I know it will appal some of us, but let us look back
for that length of time. Thirty-five
years ago Vancouver, the Queen of
the West, the City of which we are
all so proud, was not even thought
of. What of Seattle, Tacoma, Los
Angeles and other great American
cities? If the thirty-five years of the
past has carried cities that would
have required, in Europe, centuries
to build, what will the same period
bring forth in the future with cheap
modern navigation made possible
through the Canal, to the same European Ports that have supplied the
population to the East?
Thirty-five years ago the middle
states of the Republic to the south of
us was "The West." Today they are
producing and manufacturing as
though they had centuries of life behind them.
I think, Gentlemen, it would be
folly for the west to be timid. If we
want to keep abreast of the times and
our opportunities we must strike out
boldly, and let us remember that the
great shipping centres of both the
old and the new world were not created by mere chance, but are the result
of the intelligent study of thc subject
by men especially selected for the
purpose, and the expenditure of vast
sums of money.
The Nations of Europe have not
hesitated to pay the price of success
for they are alive to the fact that the
port that captures the trade is tbe
one that keeps is facilities ahead of
its demands.
To give snme idea ol the titanic
works which have been accomplished
by some of the European ports, I
might mention that London has expended in harbor developments and
facilities Two Hundred Millions of
Dollars; Liverpool, One Hundred and
Fifty Millions; Hamburg, One Hundred and Fifteen Millions; Manchester, One Hundred Millions; Newcastle, Ninety Millions; Glasgow, Fifty
Millions; Bristol, Forty .'Millions;
Marseilles, Forty Millions; Harve,
Thirty Millions and Montreal, Twenty-five Millions.
It should be borne in mind that the
development of great National ports
also develops the trade and'commerce
of the whole nation. A port which is
adequately dleveloped and equipped,
not only gives a tremendous impetus
u Jii ri -ii__r~i *nrr" ��� J-~'���"_"-_"���
to the manufactures and commerce of
the whole of its tributary territory
and builds up its population but is
an impetus to the whole country.
The territory under the control of
the Commission over which I have
the honor to preside is what is known
as the Xorth Arm of the Fraser River, now the Xorth Fraser Harbor,
and extends from the extreme west of
the Point Grey Municipality through
the Municipalities of Point Grey,
South Vancouver, Richmond and
Hurnaby, to the city limits of Xew
Westminster, a distance of approximately seventeen miles, and although
as I stated before, it is at tbe present
time practically virgin territory, we
believe we have the making, with a
comparatively small outlay for dredging, one of the finest fresh water
harbors in America.
A century ago the City of Glasgow
was a small town with no harbor,
situated on the river Clyde, twenty-
five miles from its mouth. Iu some
places tliere was a depth of only fifteen to eighteen inches of water, and
was fordable for twelve miles below
the city. Through the dredging of
that river, Glasgow is possibly the
greatest shipbuilding centre in Europe.
Again look at what has been done
for Manchester, an inland city. A
ship canal was built thirty-five and a
half miles long at a cost of over
eighty-five millions of dollars, making the city a great shipping centre.
When we see what great drawbacks
these cities overcame no wonder we
are optimistic over the possibilities
of the North Fraser Harbor, on the
borders of which we have thousands
of acres of flat land which will provide ample accommodation for shipbuilding yards and otber industries
that require a considerable area of
ground. Then with its close proximity, about four and a half miles,
to Burrard Inlet, which is, I believe,
one of thc finest natural harbors in
America, improved with the comprehensive scheme of development now
being .undertaken by the Vancouver
Harbor Board. Vancouver will occupy one of the most unique positions of any seaport, in as much as
she will have a fresh water harbor
on one side and a salt water harbor
on the other, which I am confident
will make her after the close of the
war and the resumption of normal
conditions, a commercial metropolis
whose pulse beats will be felt not
only throughout the length and
breadth of the British Empire but
throughout the whole civilized world.
In conclusion, Gentlemen, I wish
to impress upon your minds the fact
that we, particularly those of us who
represent ports that arc undeveloped,
have a tremendous responsibility resting upon us, inasmuch as we are planning for a foundation upon which we
as well as future generations will
build a superstructure, therefore it
behoves tis to consider the question
from the broadest possible standpoint, ever having our eye on the
magic word, "SUCCESS."
. Oriental Courtesy
A year or two ago a distinguished
European diplomat paid an official
visit to the Sultan of Morocco.
During tbe audience the diplomat
noticed with some surprise that not
one of the three clocks in the audience chamber was going. Very delicately he mentioned to the Sultan
that bis clocks had all stopped, and
hinted that he would' like to present
him with one that would be more reliable.
���The Sultan thanked him,
"But my clocks are excellent timekeepers;" he added with a smile.
"They were all going until just before yon came; but 1 bad them all
stopped, as I did not desire, during
Your Excellences all too brief visit,
to be reminded of the flight of time!"
WANTED ��� PUBLIC SCHOOL
graduates or high school students to
take shorthand or business courses
and pay for same from salary earned
after graduation. Only a limited
number accepted on this plan. Apply
at once in own handwriting to-
Success Business College, Vancouver, B. C.
_W_-^___t#_tf_-***
UNION STEAMSHIP CO. of B.C. Limited
THE   BRITISH   COLUMBIA   COAST   HAS   BEEW   DESCRIBED
AS THE EIGHTH WONDER OF THE WORLD
A VOYAGE
"North by West in the Sunlight"
IN ONE OF
Eight Vessels "8" in Regular Service
WILL HELP YOU TO RE >
Anply to our Publicity Department for brochures "Outward _wun_
and "...rth by West In the Sunlight," and particulars on Special Fares.
Hotel Accommodation and Tariffs, etc.
He__ Ov rices nnd Wharfi tmilOK DOCK, FOOT OF CARRALL STREET
Til*. Cur to Columbia Avenue Phone Seymour 106 SATURDAY,   OCTOBER   28,   1916
THE STANDARD
FIVE
The  Cant  of  "Cant"
"The word 'impossible' is not in my
dictionary." It was a boast, but it
showed the spirit of a real man.
"Think twice before you say you
can't, and then think again, is a good
piece of advice.
There is a lot of fatalistic cant being written anel talked, and the worst
of all may be summed up in tbe word
"can't."
"It can't be done,'' was the judgment even of men considered wise in
tlieir day, when bolder minds proposed to replace horses by steam.
"Can't" is giving place to "can"
every day now.
"It can't be done," was the contemptuous comment, when a elaring
prophet said that men would fly.     f
Look at the men carried off thc battlefields of Europe. A large proportion would simply die, if the surgeons
and doctors had not been absolutely
resolved to turn "can't'' into "can."
The percentage of recoveries, even
from serious wounds, has been raised
to an astonishingly cheerful figure.
Then the men who have actually
lost limbs, or suffered other permanent injuries, are being taught to turn
"can't" into "can"���by the training
and exercise given in our own Military Convalescent hospitals, and in
the similar institutions of Europe.
Some of these men might be excused, if any one could be excused, for
thinking nothing is left for them but
a life of useless idleness. But happily
it is not the nature of our soldiers to
give in.
When a man "bucks up and buckles
down" to it, he may have lost even a
couple of limbs, he may have lost his
ncrve_and that is worse ��� but he
finds himself able to conquer his deprivation, to get bis body and mind into fine trim again.
"My dear friend," as Dr. Johnson
said to Bozzy, "clear your mind of
can't," and he might have added, "by
knocking off the "t."
Phone Highland 137
Grandview Hospital
1090 VICTORIA DRIVE
VANCOUVER     -     B.C.
Medical : Surgical : Maternity
Ratee  from  $15.00  per  week
CKNTER _ HANNA LIMITED
Classified Advertising
FLORISTS
BROWN BROS. & CO., LIMITED,
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, 48
Hastings St. E., and 782 Granville
Street. Vancouver, B. C
WATCHMAKER
10,000 WATCHES and CLOCKS
wanted to clean and repair at thr
factory, 43S RICHARDS STREET
CANADIAN
PACIFIC
Through Titkets
issued   to   all   parts
of the world.
THE    POPULAR
ROUTE
to the Old Country,
Alaska, China and
Japan.
For full
particulars apply
to any
C. P. R.
Agent
PRESENT AND FUTURE OF
MINING
The season for examination of properties by capitalist! and others is
reaching ils close, and though the
volume "f business the past season
has far surpassed anything for years,
tliere are no doubt many who are
disappointed that a deal has not come
their way, and that their properties,
acquired and developed at such expenditure of time and personal effort, still lay awaiting the treatment
which only capital can bring. In
this respect those who turn their attentions towards agricultural pursuits are more lucky in many respects
than the mining prospector. Each
fall the former gets his crop and the
percentage of failures in the great
farming districts of Canada are very
small and infrequent, while the prospector may have to wait a lifetime for
one harvest. Our American friends
have come in this year in great numbers and the great activity in the
mining districts is almost entirely due
to the investment of their capital.
As soon as the war is over a large
quantity of English capital will be
available for speculation and investment, and indications are that British
Columbia will secure a full share of
this for testing and developing mining properties in all directions.���Mining Exchange.
* * *
SIR MAX AND SIR SAM
Ottawa is said to be interested in a
report that Sir Max Aitken, who is
returning to Canada in the train of
Sir Sam Hughes, wants to be appointed Canadian High Commissioner in
London.
The source of the rumor connecting
the name of Sir Max Aitken with the
high commissionership is not known.
It may be that Sir Sam one day, forgetting himself foi the moment, called Sir Max "Mr. Commissioner" and
on Sir Max replying: "I am only an
Eye Witness, not High Commissioner," Sir Sam replied: "You are now,"
thereby bringing the matter to an end
with the proper Napoleonic touch. As
is well known, Sir Sam has a habit
of making appointments like that, letting genius go off at half-cock with
out the interference of other mundane
considerations.
If Sir Max Aitken has ability to fit
him for the important position of
Canadian High Commissioner at Lon
don, the people of Canada are generally "from Missouri" with regard to
it. On his arrival in this country, Sir
Max will find out promptly that the
influence of Sir Sain does not extend
so far nor wax so great here as it
does on the parade ground overseas
���Montreal  Mail   (Con.).
* * ft
EARLY DOMINION ELECTION
Le Canada, the French-speaking
Liberal morning paper of Montreal,
which often reflects the views of Sir
Wilfrid Laurier, says the Toronto
World, sounds the warning signal lo
the Liberals of Quebec. All signs
point to an early Dominion election,
in the opinion of Le Canada. It calls
attention to the fact that Conservative meetings arc advertised in Jacques Cartier and other constituencies
and advises the Liberals to get busy
and place their candidates in thc
field.   Le Canada says:
"We repeat our advice to our
friends in thc province to gel themselves ready for the general election,
which will, in all probability, take
place in the coming spring, but thai
it may even be this fall is made clearer day by day. Tbe return of Sir
Sam Hughes increases thc plausibility of tbis hypothesis.
"We earnestly beg of our friends in
the counties where there is not yet a
regular Liberal candidate chosen, not
to lose any time, but to convene the
necessary meetings as early as possible for choosing a candidate." ���
Moncton Transcript.
* * *
THE ROGERS-GALT INCIDENT
An effort is being made to show
that Mr. Justice Gait was in the
wrong in accepting to act as a commissioner for the province of Manitoba in investigating matters in connection with the construction of the
Agricultural college of that province.
It is claimed that he bad no fight to
do so. Who is to judge? An attempt is made to condemn him under
the Judges' Act of 1915, but, at that
time, Sir Oharles Fitzpatrick, then
minister of justice, stated that judges
were not to be debarred from sitting
on commissions which dealt with
"important public business." The
Conservative party has been in office
for  five  years.    They  never  sought
io inve ke the law against judges.
Recently, tin-> appointed Judges Me-
reditb   and   Duff   on   a   commission
themselves. The point was not raised when Mr. Justice Mathers investigated the Manitoba parliament scandal. Would the point have been raised at all now, if Mr. Rogers had not
been called at a witness? There is
reason to doubt it. What has the
minister of justice been djoing all
these years? Was it not his duty to
reprimand Mr. Justice Gait if he was
in the wrong? The people of Manitoba and of Canada as well, are more
interested in the outcome of the investigation than they are in the point
raised by Mr. Rogers at an unfortunate time for himself.���Hon. Charles
Marcil in Daily Telegraph, Montreal.
* * *
THE PATRIOTIC FUND
The Patriotic fund will require $13,-
500,000 for 1917. This year, between
$8,800,000 and $10,000,000 will bc expended, exclusive of Manitoba. What
is asked for 1917 includes the latter
province. At the present time, in addition to this, the Dominion is paying
$2,000,000 a month in separation allowances. It is proposed to ask the
provincial governments to supplement the additional amount given by
corporations of cities, towns, county
and township councils and contributions by organized bodies and individuals. It may be expected that
none of the provinces will refuse to
grant what may be asked of them.
Canada must, in all honor provide for
the dependents of soldiers.���Montreal
Daily Telegraph.
* * *
ORGANIZED HYPOCRISY
The Toronto News quotes Disraeli's description of the Conservative
party under Peel as "organized hypocrisy" and applies it to the Liberal
party in Canada under Laurier. In
the same file of exchanges were the
Belleville Intelligencer and the Moose
Jaw News, both Conservative.
In the Intelligencer we found this:
"When Sir Robert Borden took office
Quebec Nationalism ceased to bc
powerful at Ottawa"; and, in the
Moose Jaw paper we read: "The spectacle of Armand Lavergne, the noted
Nationalist leader, appearing in company with leading Liberal politicians
on Liberal platforms is unlikely to
leave  a  favorable  impression."
To those of us in Ottawa who remember the very prominent part
which Armand Lavergne played in.
the formation of the Borden cabinet
how he 'came down here and had
conferences with the new premier
in regard to Quebec representation in
the government, Disraeli's words as
quoted by the Toronto News will
seem very appropriate.
And when we visualize one Blondin
���a ferocious Nationalist when Nationalism paid���still sitting as a prominent member of the Borden cabinet, we cannot help exclaiming with
that Hritish statesman, who bad little
to learn about party politics, "organized hypocrisy."
Mr. Armand Levcrgne may be a
gooil cabinet maker, and Mr. Blondin
fine cabinet timber; but, if so, why
should the Conservative press disown
these gentlemen, of whom, by the
evidence that exists. Sir Robert Borden  has  a   high   opinion?  ���  Ottawa
Free Press.
* tt *
SINGLE-TAX  AT  THE  COAST
It is fitting that California should
be the first stale of the American
union to submit the single tax to a
thorough test, for it was in that state
that Henry George conceived and
developed his economic theory and
wrote his famous book, Progress and
Poverty, thc sacred scripture of the
single-taxers. On Nov. 7 tbe question
of the introduction of the single tax
is to be the subject of a referendum
in California. The1 measure which
the people will vote upon provides
that "public revenues���state, county,
municipal and district���shall be raised by taxation of land values exclusive of improvements, and no tax or
charge for revenue shall be imposed
on any labor product, occupation,
business of person. Land holdings
shall be equally assessed, according
to their value for use or occtipance,
without regard to any work of man
thereon."
It is explained that "the intent of
this provision is to take for public
use the rental and site values of land
and to reduce land holdings to those
only who live on or make productive
use of it."
This is about as near an approach
to single tax as any state of thc American  union   or  any   Canadian   pro
vince could go,    Of course  it is nol
li   i.i    ; in   ai pie
peopli ol the state will continue
to pay ��� ustomi and e ccise taxi
thi federal income ta*-. But. ii they
ratify this measure, they will pay
only one state and municipal tax ���
the tax on land values.
The people of the Pacific coast appear i , be peculiar!) susceptible to
the beauties of single tax���perhaps
because the system originate! there.
In British Columbia several towns
have gone as far in that direction as
they can. For years Vancouver has
not taxed buildings but has derived
all its revenue from the taxation of
land values. The plan worked well
while Vancouver grew and land values were constantly rising. But there
has been another tale to tell in the
period of depression that the city has
been passing through. Land values
have steadily fallen, and tbe necessity
of raising revenue has put the city
into sore straits. Owners of thousands of city lots have abandoned
them because they couldn't afford to
pay the high taxes on them; these
lots have been put up at auction, but
in vain���very few of them could be
sold for the taxes; they are on the
city's hands, and the city has lost
the tax revenue from them.
Better times may come and Vancouver may emerge from its present
difficulties; but the opinion of many
Vancouverites is that, although single tax is all right in time of prosperity, it is anything but "a very present
help in time of trouble."���Hamilton
Times.
* * *
MINING ACTIVITY IN B. C.
In reference to the STANDARD'S
recent reports of mining activities in
the Province, the following editorial
article from the Kamloops SENTINEL is of great moment to Vancouver men:
Ir m all parts ot the province
comes reports which indicate constantly increasing activity in the mining industry of British Columbia.
Mines long closed down are resuming
operations, installing new plants and
testing new pren-esses for tbe reduction of ore*. I'ro.-pccts which have
ior years been vainly seeking the
lary capital t'j ensure development on a commercial scab . i
finding little difficulty in i
ian when he sect it at
lull is that -many a claim hoi i'
whose heart hat grown lick with hope
deferred is now reaping the refard - I
faith in the mineral resources of the
province.
"This renewed confidence in the future- of British Columbia as the
tential producer of very large portion of thc world's supply "f gold,
silver, copper, lead and other metals,
precious or base, is not confined to
any one section of the country. The
new Northland opened up by the G.
T. P. is overrun with the advance
guard of the big mining concerns. The
long established mines of the Koot-
enays, idle for years on account of
low prices and a glutted market, are
again coming into their own, and by
the help of more economical methods of handling and treatment are
again figuring in the list of paying
propositions. In the Rossland and
Boundary countries there are more
men employed and more tonnage is
being produced than there has been
for years, and if it were not for the
unfortunate shortage of coke supply
there would be more smelting furnaces running than has ever been the
case since the first charge was lighted in the province.
"From the Similkameen and Nicola
comes the same story of increased
activities made possible by the opening up of new lines of communication with the smelting centres, and in
the Coast districts the enterprises of
the big companies have encouraged
the development of numerous smaller
propositions which will ere long join
the ranks of producing mines."
Korean Customs
When you first enter Korea, it just
seems like a mysterious dream. Tlieir
ways arc ijueer and just backward
t - ours, and when they see you coming they will ask, "Where are you
going?" r -Wbaf are you going to
And they are very polite,
The Korean people talk in a
coarse, loin! voice. At first when"
you hear them it sounds as though
they are quarreling, but -they are
only having a friendly chat. They
al- , have three kinds of tunes���high,
low am! middle. I" tbe old people
and people above them they talk in
the 1 gh tone; to the children and
servant, they talk in the low tone,
and to their equal, or among themselves they talk in the middle tone.
They eat on tables about one foot
and a half long and six inches high,
and the women wait on the men at
each meal, for they are not allowed
to eat with the men, and are really
only servants. They call the men
their lords and masters, and the men
receive all the love, if there is any,
for thc father gets a wife for his son,
and thc son rarely ever sees his wife
before  the  wedding day.
O'Flaherty ��� Misther 0'Snllivan,
will ye stop and have a friendly discussion on the matter of Home Rule?
O'Sullivan���It's sorry I am, but it's
not convenient just now.
O'Flaherty���AnM  why not, honey?
O'Sullivan���Why. to tell ye the
t.'uth, O'Flaherty, I haven't got me
shtick handy.
PHONE: SEY. OOO
MacDONALD & HAY
BarrUtert, Solicitors, Etc.
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.
WANTED ��� PUBLIC SCHOOL
graduates or high school students to
take shorthand or business courses
and pay for same from salary earned
after graduation. Only a limited
number accepted on this plan. Apply
at once in own handwriting to
Success Business College, Vancouver, B. C.
ARGUE!
acca
Apple Growing inNova Scorn
THERE Is no part of Canada
where apple production Is more
Buccessfally carried on than In
the Annapolis Valley of Nova Scotia. The principal reason tor this,
apart from the fact that soil and
climatic conditions are favourable,
Is that practically all of the large
commercial orchards are situated
In a continuous and closely connected chain. "The Valley" is approximately SO miles In length, with
an average width of 9 miles. There
arc about 40 shipping stations in
that area, all being on the main limy
of the Dominion Atlantic Railway
with Its terminus at Halifax. Consequently the facilities for shipping
und for export are perfect.
There Is one otber reason [or
the success with which fruit growing Is carried on in Nova Scotia,
and that Is the systematic manner
in which the fruit is marketed. Over
one-hall' 'it the entire apple crop Is
packed and marketed co-operatively. Kuril particular section ot the
Annapolis Valley has its own cooperative association, am.', all these
subsidiary companies are responsible to one main selling association,
the United Fruit Companies. All
ot the fruit marketed by tbis ortran-
Ization is uniformly packed in accordance with specific grading rules
and marketed under the brand of
the central selling body. The details concerning the operating methods of the United Fruit Companies (too lengthy to be outlined
here) are well worth careful study.
Their headquarters are at Berwick,
which Is the principal apple shipping station.*
By far the greater portion of Nova
Scotian apples Is exported to Great
' Britain, the principal market being
London. In the year 1911, which
was a record season, almbst 2,000.-
000 barrels of apples were marketed.
At that time Nova Scotian fruit was
Introduced in the Prairie Provinces.
There is every Indication that shipments to those markets will be increased, Inasmuch as the Graven-
stein apple, for which Nova Scotia
is famous, matures at a time when
apples are In great demand In the
Canadian West. A growing trade
Is also being developed with South
America and South Africa, corresponding geographically to the trade
In apples between British Columbia
and Australia.     C
It is rather interesting to note
that the apple barrel used in Nova
Scotia contains only 96 quarts, as
compared with the 112 quart barrel
lof Ontario. The Canadian Govern-
u.etu regulations call for a minimum
nas   adopted  that   minimum.    The | conditions  by  the  end of October.
difference In the siie of the two barrels must therefore be always taken
Into consideration when comparing
the prices ot Ontario and Nova
Scotia apples In any particular market.
It Is impossible to single out any
variety ot apple which is most successfully grown in Nova Scotia.
Several varieties succeed equally
well.    Undoubtedly the province Is
It stored in a suitable cellar it will
keep in prims condition until Christmas.
Tbe demand tor the Qravenstein
sppls ia increasing. Unfortunatoly
vary few nsw Qravenstein orchards
are being planted to replace the old
ones which ore rapidly dying out.
No movement could be undertaken
which would be worthy ot wider
encouragement than the    extension
most famous for  the    Gravensteln,  and    development    of    Gravensteln
because that variety is grown more
extensively in the Annapolis Valley
than  in  any other part ot  Canada
orchards.
The apple crop    in    Nova Scotia
this year will be small. Probably
About 15 per cent of the apples j not more than 600,000 barrels will
marketed in  Nova  Scotia  are  Gra-; be   marketed.     The   short   crop   la
venstelns. It Is a tender, early fall
apple, usually harvested, between
September    10th    and    25th,    and
size of 96 quarts and Nova Scotia  should be consumed under ordinary
due to unfavorable weather and to a
very heavy June "drop." The quality is expected to be excellent. SIX
THE STANDARD
SATURDAY,   OCTOBER
1916
NEXT WEEK AT PANTAGES
THEATRE
Xext week's bill at Pantages promises to be "in- of the best of the season's offering. All the acts seem to
be in the headline class and are of
the highest class, J'he bill will be
headed by Schepp's Comedy Circus.
The act consists of dogs, ponies and
monkeys of several species.
As a joint headliner and one of
equal importance is that of W. 1 lore-
lick & Co., who will present a ballet
dancing divertisement entitled "A
Gypsy Camp." Tlie members of tlie
company give pantomime dances, the
scenes of which arc laid in a gypsy
camp.
Howard and Fields will offer their
famous act, "The Dining Car Minstrels." They havx an elaborate act
' as to stage setting and they are offering a new and distinct line of
comedy and songs.
There are none better than San-
tucci on the accordeon. He renders
some very irresistible music. One can
hardly conceive that the accordeon
contains such music as this master
artist extracts from it.
Frcar, Baggett & Frear are three
young and versatile men, who will
offer a comedy juggling act that is
novel as well as amusing.
liveable improvements arc promised in
the way of realistic effects and -: i :ial
attention is said to have been given
to the selection ol musicians for the
large symphony orchestra.
The musical score oi "The Birth of
a Nation," which is known as the
first significant accompaniment written for a photodrama, includes many
of the finest melodic compositions ex-
taut. In addition to the original music supplied by the eminent composer,
Joseph Carl Broil, one hears such
popular songs as "Comin' Thro' the
Rye," "Bonnie Blue Flag," "Dixie."
"My .Maryland,"" "Tramp, tramp,
tramp,"   "Hail  to  the   Chief, Flic
CLASSIC AND TOE DANCES
AT  OPENING  RECITAL
A unique and interesting entertainment is to be given at the Avenue
Theatre on Saturday evening, November 4, by the Vancouver School of
Expression and the School of Classic
and Toe Dancing in connection with
the School of Expression. This will
bc the beginning of a series to be
given by the same departments of the
school.
This one will be devoted chiefly to
artistic classic and toe dances, .illustrating the teaching of Madame and
Mdlle. Belates-Barbes. The children
dance with the unconscious grace and
freedom of the ancient Greeks.
A special feature will be a grand
ballet or tableaux entitled. "What the
Moon Saw," with M'lle Belates-
Barbes as premier danseuse. Those
who saw this delightful artiste in her
only too few appearances last season
will be pleased to have another opportunity of witnessing her graceful
and expressive dancing. The stage
direction and lighting will be of the
highest order, and a most pleasing
spectacle of youthful grace and charm
will be enjoyed. Mr. Lionel Tucker
will make his debut as a solo performer in romantic and humorous dances,
and will assist M'lle Barbes in her
numbers. The programme will be
varied by dramatic scenes, recitations
and vocal solos by the various gold
and silver medalists of the School of
Expression, who arc also pupils of
Mr. Harold Nelson Shaw. Among
these will be Mr. Edward Chamberlain, Master Charles Brencliley and
Miss Eva Barclay. Dramatic scenes
by Misses Pennington, Stevens and
Lozier, with Messrs Strang, Kilgoure,
Alderson and others, will be of interest. The vocalists include Blanche
Xadeau, Margarcl I.e-Mcssnrie-r. Ethel Beswick, L.A.B., who has the honor lo be ihe fir-i to receive thai degree in VahcOu* e!{ for concert solo-
singing, and Mr. Thomas Alderson,
Madame- Pratt-Stuart lias composed
special music for lhe dancing, and
this will be interpreted by Mr. Zicy-
b r's  orchestra.
"ALADDIN" PRODUCTION
WORTHY OF DRURY LANE
When asked the difference between
an old country pantomime and an
American Extravaganza, F. Stuart
Whyte. whose production of "Aladdin" will be seen at the Avenue Theatre week of November 6. replied
that it was "mostly in the spelling."
"The American musical extravaganza, o( Broadway Revue, is principally English pantomime painted
over with a thick coat'of local color,"
continued Mr. Whyte. "Take, for instance, Montgomery & Stone's 'Chin,
Chin'; it is simply 'Aladdin' localized
BUSY MONTH PLANNED FOR
VANCOUVER   OPERA   HOUSE
One of the first road shows to start
its entourage from the east anil which
will hit Vancouver for three nights
beginning November 6, is "llobson's
Choice," a delectable comedy which
will be shown at tlie Vancouver Opera House, formerly the Empress
Theatre. Following this closely on-
the dates following and closing tbe
week will be the "Winning "f Barbara Worth."
With the second week of November fairly ushered in "The Garden of
Allah" will make its appearance here
WOUNDED SOLDIER ENJOYS HIS PISHING TIUF
This may lie a  limy way lo fish, but lo n wounded  mini  It ha*  conipciiwition.      An   EiikIImIi   Aiih'IIhk
Association recently enlerliilneil  150 wounded soldiers this wny. (Daily Mirror War Service).
Cocoanut Dance," "In the Gloaming," "Home, Sweet Home," and
"The Star Spangled Banner." Those
familiar with the music of the world's
most famous masters recognize excerpts from Suppe's "Night Cavalry
Overture," Greig's "Peer Gynt,"
suite in "The Hall of the Mountain
King," Wagner's "Die Walkure,"
"Rienza Overture," "Zampa Overture" and "The'Ride of the Valkyries", also Tschaikowsky's "1812 Overture" and Mozart's "Mass in C."
An orchestra of thirty musicians
will accompany "The Birth of a Nation" and many prominent soloists
will be beard at each performance.
"The Birth of a Nation" is the
apothesis of the moving picture.
Thousands of people took part in
making it. Thc scenes where real
battles were fought are its background. In il one sees the counterfeit presentment of the great men
of the Civil \\';ir as they were when
they lived anel moved and had their
being���Lincoln, lhe great heart of*
Ithat troublous lime; Grant, the may
.i-c,
nanimous;
South; ('In rlcs Su
his finger tips; Sci
and hard as death
wlm made histor\
tin*
Bayard
iNation"
li\ ing.
the
lit   to
cruel
thers
of  :c
is history vitalized
"BIRTH OF A NATION"
IS HISTORY VITALIZED
Through the efforts of Manager
.Scott arrangements have been completed to bring "Tbe Birth of a Nation" with the big symphony orchestra back to the Avenue for a limited
engagement commencing Monday,
November 13,
During thc engagement many not-
WANTED.���Men and Women, canvassing experience preferred, to retail Rawleigh's Medicines, Toilet
Articles, Extracts, Spices, Stock
Remedies, Poultry Supplies for City
* and Town Trade. Largest line,
greatest variety, lowest prices
known anywhere. Terms Cash or
Time. Backed by four million dollar concern. Address, The W. T.
Rawleigh Co., Ltd., 1025 Gunnell
St, Winnipeg, Man., giving age,
occupation, references.
and tailored to fit those two comedy
stars."
In speaking of his forthcoming production her.e, Mr. Whyte explained
that the old country pantomimes were
re-written cvery season; the dialogue
and musical numbers being brought
up to the minute and the action being
interspersed with bits of satire on
the foibles and follies of the day.
The setting always remains the
same���China. For there, anything
may happen, both within and without
reason. In Mr. Whyte's fall production, war and love as the predominating factors, and "all's fair, etc." A-
mong the characters introduced, in
addition to the always faithful Aladdin. Widow Twankey, Princess See
Shi, arc General Sam Fuse, commander-in-chief of the Chinese army; the
Kaiser, in thc guise of a mad magician, and numerous political potentates, whose favorite pastime is putting tlieir hands into the public purse,
Mr. Whyte lias Bpent over $10,OOp
on bis "Aladdin" production) and thc
presentation oi tliis piece w iuld be
a credit i i any London theatre's niid-
\, Inter panti mime season.
Hope is a chain of iron which holds
a man lo a woman's sielc- uatituelc
a silken thread a million miles Ion-.:
which permits him to wander at will,
on Nov. 13. This is a great production, carrying more than 100 people.
It will be here for three nights and
matinee.
Other bookings have been arranged
which will keep the lights on at the
Vancouver Opera House for the remainder of the month.
Word has just been received that a
date can not yet be set - for Sarah
Bernhardt, who arrived' in Montreal
last week, but assurances have been
given that she will play here early in
December.
A strange, but witty statement
was lately made in regard to opera.
A writer in the Chicago Tribune
says there are only three and they
have been .���written. The lady is
wronged���that is the first opera.
Gounod wrote it and called it "Kaust."
The gentleman is wronged���that is
the second opera. Bizet wrote it and
Galled it ��� "Carmen." The lady and
gentleman are both wronged���tllat is
the third opera. Puccini wrote it
and called it "Tosca." Operas may
come and operas may go. lull the
wronged soprano and she wronged
tenor go on forever. The composer
who does the most c-.,:i ideral le- ���' o-
agc i" his hero and heroin
when opera itself has gon
discard,
will live-
in to  tlie
Pantages Theatre
 Week of October 30th, 1916
SCHEPPS COMEDY CIRCUS
Cats, Dogs, Ponies and Monkeys
HOWARD AND FIELDS, With Their Dining Car Minstrels
SANTUCCI, Genius of the Accordeon
FREAR, BAGGETT & FREAR,  Baseball   Idiosyncrasies
W. Horelik's Imperial Russian Dancers
Including Mile. Natcha and Mile.Tatiana in a Ballet Divertisement
"THE GYPSY CAMP"
Prices: Matinees, 15c; Night, 15 & 25c; Matinee-2.30; Evg., 7 & 9
siru^io
(Musical items, reports of concerts, etc., should be
addressed lo the "Music Editor," STANDARD
office, 426 Homer Street).
WELSH  CHOIR  COMING
Vancouver is in for a rare musical
treat ou Monday, October the 30th.
when tbe Royal Gwent Welsh male
singers are to appear at the Avenue
"heatre for the benefit of the Returned Soldiers' Club.
Wales clings tenaciously to the old
songs. Her most famous melodies
are part and parcel of history of the
gallant little Principality, and it is
but natural that her people should
cherish them.
To those who are not acquainted
with Welsh singing in the original,
the extreme staccato; the acute phrasing; and the emphasis which characterize thc choir's work must, at times,
appear peculiar, but it is indigenous,
and without it the singing would not
be Welsh.
There are other qualities, however,
which possess a universal appeal, and
a powerful one, too. Thc volume of
tone this choir produces is astounding; its quality is absolutely organ-
like. A remarkable sonority, clear cut
enunciation, perfection of attack and
a strange precision of phrasing, arc
the salient technical features. The
beauty of the tonal gradations and
the purity of intonation also impress
one.
It is a far cry from Handel's "Hallelujah Chorus" to the centuries old
"ArHydy Nos." ��� with the air of
which most Canadians arc familiar as
"All through the Night"���but this
choir can compass the rhythmic
charm of the latter and the spiritual
cxalation of the former with ease.
GEIOIAN  INVADERS  BURIED  ON  BRITISH  SOU,
Only n few onlookers watched Hie funeral of tlic crew   of   Hie   Intent   Zeppelin   which   eiinic   down   In
flumes In E����e_.    The service won very  simple, nil  the men Ileitis hurled  In n Brent pit.    I'hoto shows nt
the graveside. (Dally Mirror War Service).*
MUSICIANS HAVE HARD
STRUGGLE TO LIVE
"Mepbisto," in Musical America,
writes: Sad tales come to mc of the
condition of the musicians, and especially of the music teachers, in the
warring countries in Europe. Many
of these, you know, even in peace and
in good times, were barely able to
make both ends meet, but, under the
stress of war conditions, they have
gradually gone from bad to worse.
Probably no profession has suffered
as much as the musical profession,
with thc exception, perhaps of the
painters, who have also been hard hit.
I read in a special correspondence to
The New York Sun from Paris that
the French musicians, the concert
singers and the teachers, except the
few who have gone to America, are
in great distress. They have eaten
up their savings, waiting for a revival of social life and in the hope
of getting concert engagements, Some
of the most distinguished singers,
who were accustomed to receive large
salaries for singing tlie leading role!
in operas, have been gla 1 to get leu
francs a night lo .-'ing in some cabaret. One instance is given of a distinguished artist of almost world
renown, who has been living in extreme poverty, doing her own
washing, cleaning her own apartment.
Another has been living by selling the
furniture and belongings that be
prized, piece by piece.- You would
think that the poorer class of musicians, who used to go around in the
streets soliciting contributions, have
been the hardest hit. They, it seems,"
accustomed to such work, have been
the most prosperous of all, for public
sympathy, as they travelled about,
poured money into their hands. You
would also think, from this, that the
better paid and more renowned musicians would have followed suit, but, it
seems, they were prevented by pride
from doing so, and so have concealed
their poverty and their distress from
the public?, which, no doubt, had it
been informed, would have rushed to
their relief. Conditions in Germany
are said to be somewhat better for the
musicians, but even there tilings are
pretty --bad. The same story conies
to me from Italy. This suggests the
question, why is it that    so many of
thc foreign artists iu this country,
who made most successful tours last
season, or received large sums from
concert and operatic engagements,
have done little or nothing to relieve
their poor, suffering brethren on the
other side? If J remember rightly,
not a single entertainment was given
by them to aid their* poor foreign
brethren.
THE ORGAN
The legitimacy of transcriptions
forms a continual point of controversy between opposing schools of
musical coknoscenti whatever the
merits of the case so ably made out
by those rigidly adverse to exercising
any untoward liberties with tile original composition as written down.
In one field, however a large concession has been made, that of organ
music. The continued advance in the
complexity of organ construction and
thc correspondingly increased possibilities of the instrument are a sufficient answer to the critic who, adhering to convention with inelastic
rigidity,-would bar all music unless
sacre'd from performance in a church.
But there is another large class whose
objections bear greater weight. They
would have organists restrict themselves solely to music written especially for the organ, and would
veto all the organ arrangements that
figure so largely on recital programmes. The organist may object
with verity that the succession of the
great composers since the time of that
monumental genius J. S. Bach, with
the exception of more recent composers, had little familiarity with the
organ, and gave but small heed to its
claims. Mendelssohn forms a prominent exception, it is true, but it
was not until comparatively late
times that the grcat body of modern
organ music was written. Apart
from the first rank writing of Widor,
Cesar Franck and s others of the
French school organ music was regarded as possessing a more or less
measure of austerity as its rightful
characteristic. Many of the French
school are blamed for having run to
the other extreme in an attempt to exploit the possibilities of the organ in
the rendering of light music, bul their
influence, at its best, atones for the
failure of some of their more extravagant experiments. Much modern organ music is, however, of a second
rate class, and the organist is left
with the alternative- of playing il or of
adapting music expressly written for
other instruments, The apparent goal
of organ builders lo oreheslralize the
instrument, tends to turn the organist who has a thorough grasp of the
te'e-lniii|iu' of organ-playing to orchei
iral music. Someone has said tha|
orchestral muiic attempted on thc
piano is like tltc reduction of a wonderful painting rich in color and atmosphere to an engraving, and thai
played on the organ the- transcription
bears tlic relation ol" a rlironio-litho-
grapb, bard in tint and line, inasmuch
as it is never possible' for the organ
tones to reproduce thc color ol the
various instruments, and color, a bun-
dree! fold since the Wagner expositions, is as important in modern orchestration as design. That eminently conservative body of organists,
the Royal College of Organists, how
ever, has long since removed its "non
placet" ban, ane^ that authoritative
organist, Sir Walter Parratt, master
of music to the sovereign, has been
a staunch defender of Ihe validity of
orchestral transcription playing.
WANTED ��� PUBLIC SCHOOL
graduates or high school students to
take shorthand- or business courses
and pay for same from salary earned
a>fter graduation. Only a limited
number accepted on this plan. Apply
at once in own handwriting to
Success Business College, Vancouver, B. C. SATURDAY,   OCTOBER   28,   1916
THE   STANDARD
SEVEN
Phone Seymour 9086
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BUSINESS
We Write Insurance in Sound, Reliable Companies.
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FINANCIAL AGENTS       ESTATE MANAGERS
NOTARY PUBLIC
TO RENT-HOUSES AND SUITES
SHAUGHNESSY HEIGHTS.���10-roomed House,
on 19th Avenue. Two fireplaces, Hardwood
floors.   $40.00 per month.
KITSILANO. ������ Several six and seven-roomed
Houses.    $15.00 per month.
SUITES, Alma Court, 2224 Alberta Street. Three
and four rooms. All modern. $8.00 to $15,00
per month.
FURNISHED. ��� Beautiful 10-roomed suburban
home, 5 blocks from car. Six months. $25.00
per month.
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Manager
B. C. MUNICIPAL.
BONDS
Have proved their Safety and Stability as a
Profitable Investment.
We offer a variety of thoroughly safeguarded
bond issues, sold to net d'/z per cent, to 7H per cent.
Consult our Bond Department by letter or in person.
Canadian Financiers Trust Co.
Head Office: 839 Hastings St. West, Vancouver, B.C.
Patrick Donnelly, General Manager.
The gross receipts of the Granby Consolidated Mining,
Smelting and Power. Company for the year ended June
30, 1916, were $9,299,337, more than double those of any
of the two years preceding. The expenses were $5,191,-
717. The net profits were $4,107,621, as compared with
$1,340,558 in 1915, while the surplus is $3,819,295, nearly
five times that of the year before, according to a statement made at the annual meeting in New York on Tuesday.
��� *******
Thc property of Quatsino Copper Co. is to be taken
over by tbe Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co. of Canada, the largest concern in the Dominion. The news leaked out with filing of articles of incorporation of Coast
Copper Co. with capital of $1,000,000 in 200.000 shares of
$5 each. The company will operate under a British Columbia charter, with head offices at Trail, B. C, where is
also located thc big smelting plant of Consolidated.
TRADE BANK FOR CANADA?
Efforts Now Being Made for Foreign Trade   Must   Be
Backed By Government, Financiers and Traders
By A. T. Drummond, LL.D.
The department of trade and commerce has, especially
since the war broke out, been making important efforts to
develop the foreign trade of Canada by establishing representatives at many foreign centres of trade, by issuing
weekly bulletins in which are published the reports from
these representatives and by affording valuable facilities to
manufacturers and exporters for making general enquiries
as to conditions of trade at these foreign centres. Much
more, however, requires to be done. The information
and facilities afforded by the government will be barren
of results if they are not supported by the personal efforts
not merely of the manufacturing, mining and agricultural
interests, but also of the banks, the press, the universities
and thc moneyed public. Foreign trade has been practically thrown at us by the war, but when peace arrives
and government war orders cease, it will rcepiire enterprise and much courage in maintaining the business when
the competition of other nations will have to be faced.
Personal acquaintance must be made on thc spot with the
merchants of the foreign countries and with conditions
in these countries, and hence there must be knowledge of
foreign tongues among the heads of the mercantile establishments or their representatives who visit these countries, and ability among their staffs in Canada to deal with
foreign correspondence. The banks and other financial
corporations must be ready to assist with capita! for the
development of business here in Canada on a larger scale,
and must afford favorable facilities for dealings in exchange, not merely with London and New York, but
directly with other great centres of trade. Our universities must not only encourage the mastery of the languages of modern European countries and knowledge of
the history, literature, institutions and customs of these
countries, but from their laboratories must emanate new-
ideas which will assist the manufacturers in overcoming
their difficulties, in utilizing their waste products, and in
bringing the raw material of the country into useful service. The daily press, also, by dropping unimportant trivialities and by disseminating more information about
foreign countries and the political and mercantile conditions existing there, can give to the people a broader outlook and a better knowledge than now that they form an
important section of a great imperial power which, at its
centre, trades with the whole world.
Banking System is Domestic
Even if all this is accomplished, a further important
step is necessary. The demand for some of our special products will have to be created by our own personal efforts
in foreign countries; the export of tlieir products to us
will have to be encouraged; favorable rates of exchange
between these countries and our own will have to be arranged and terms of credit adjusted; whilst to properly
foster trade with some important countries we must be
prepared to develop enterprises there which will both,
directly and indirectly, lead to consumption of our products, and which will, in turn, facilitate the production
and export of their products; and we must be prepared,
further, to ourselves finance these enterprises, whether
railway or industrial, and, at the same time, assist their
municipalities, and even their governments, in borrowing
for public improvements. It may be thought that it would
be in the interest of our larger banks to, in some respects,
meet these requirements. By opening branches at Buenos
Ayres, Montevideo, Rio Janeiro, Genoa, and possibly in the
near future, at Petrograd and Moscow, the National City
Bank of New York has confirmed its belief tllat the banks
must assist in important ways if the foreign trade of the
United States is to be rightly developed. Our Canadian
institutions, in establishing branches in the West Indies,
the United States, Newfoundland, Mexico and elsewhere,
have also shown most commendable enterprise.    It must.
Zo |ntoe*tors
THOSE WHO,  FROM TIME TO TIME,  HAVE FUNDS REQUIRING
INVESTMENT,   MAY PURCHASE AT PAR
DOMINION OF CANADA DEBENTURE STOCK
IN SUMS OF $500 OR ANY  MULTIPLE THEREOF.
Principal repayable 1st October, 1919.
Interest payable half-yearly, 1st April and 1st October by cheque (free
of exchange at any chartered Bank in Canada) at the rate of five per cent
per annum from the date of purchase.
Holders of this stock will have the privilege of surrendering at par and
accrued interest, as the equivalent of cash, in payment of any allotment
made under any future war loan issue in Canada other than an issue of
Treasury Bills or other like short date security.
Proceeds of this stock are for war purposes only.
A commission of one-quarter of one per cent will be allowed to recognized bond and stock brokers on allotments made in respect of applications
for this stock which bear their stamp.
For application forms apply to the Deputy Minister of Finance, Ottawa.
DEPARTMENT OP FINANCE, OTTAWA,
OCTOBER 7th, 1916.
"THE MAN WHO KNOWS"
Does not have to seek a position.   A position seeks him.    Business men seek "Success" graduates.    We
cannot supply the demand.    Why not get ready now?    Our FallTerm opens September 5th.
The SUCCESS BUSINESS COLLEGE, Limited
COR 10TH AVE. AND MAIN ST., VANCOUVER       Schools from Coast to Coast      Phone Fair. 2075
 r, be remembered that the Cai    ian banking act
and the long-established policy of the ba rporated
under  it.  somewhat  restrict  the of  these  in
stitution-, and provide rather I r a purely Canadian banking business than for all tiee- ramifications which a world-
���  i i pansion of trade requires.
What is needed is an institution, with large capital,
which, whilst having some ot the characteristics ol "iir
le cal banks, would have the wider poweri of certain well-
known Paris anel Berlin banking institutions, and a broad
policy which would be capable of adjustment to the particular needs of each country with which trade was to be
developed. Among the distinctive characteristics anil po-
wers which this institution should possess should be: to
have offices in tbe large exporting cities of Canada .-icy
branches at the foreign trade centres where business was
to be developed: to specialize in all foreign, as well as sterling, exchange; to make advances on long as well as short-
term paper as the foreign conditions may require; to issue
bonds and treasury notes; to accept deposits both at its
Canadian and foreign offices for the special accommodation of its own customers; to undertake the flotation of
foreign loans, whether government, municipal, railway or
ndustrial; to assist in promoting new enterprises in foreign countries which would require Canadian material
and Canadian or cither capital, and to accept the' stock
and bonds of such enterprises, as well as cash, as its profit or commission; and to be a centre of information for,
and assistance to, its customers in regard to foreign con-
litions and the standing of mercantile bouses, corporations
and municipal and other organizations in foreign countries.
To illustrate the need of such an institution after the
war, it is only necessary to refer to Russia, Italy, Spain,
the Argentine Republic and Brazil, all of which are to us in
Canada like sealed books in the face of our desire to have
trading relations with each one of them. With France
and man capital and German acquaintance with the language of these two countries and that of Germany are
practically the only modern foreign tongues we have allowed our English-speaking college men to grapple with,
and even then, we give them merely a reading acquaintance.
Cannot Grasp Special Conditions
When our merchants and manufacturers come to deal
with the business of our other allies, Russia and Italy, how-
many of. them are in a position to grasp the special conditions surrounding the initiation and development of that
business? In both countries in the past German banks.
German capital and German acquaintance with the language have played important parts in initiating and controlling many lines of business in these two countries, and
of, in this way, creating extensive openings for German
trade. We must use similar effective forces if we would
develop an important trade in these and other countries.
It is here where an institution with large capital and wide
powers, as above indicated, becomes a valuable instrument
in this development. It should appeal to our Dominion
government as a necessary means by which its strong desire to extend the foreign trade of Canada can be accomplished, and it should equally appeal to our local bankr.,
as the extension of this trade with foreign countries means
greatly enlarged output by Canadian manufacturers and a
correspondingly enlarged demand for banking facilities in
Canada. Bankers in New York have become interested in
an institution of a somewhat similar nature for the promotion of especially the trade with South America, whilst
in London. England, both politicians anel bankers are arranging for the establishing of an institution for like purposes, and to bc effective at tlie close of the war. Will
Canadians have the broad vision to do the same?���Monetary Times.
(ity-e #tanJJar5
Mining News of the Province
RAILWAY CONTRACTORS BUY PROPERTY AT
JONES LAKE
A mining deal of mure than ordinary interesl i the
Yale district has been consurnated at Hope���Foley, Welsh
and Stewart, the railway contractor.-, having purchased a
group of sewn claims at Jones Lake. The deal u lives
a consideration of $100,000, the firsl payment
cash having been made in Hope last Saturday The I"-
cators of the Jones Lake property .-ere Willi..-
Stephen Ross, Oscar Nelson, James Baiiej ai ' William
Brow n
Foley, Welsh and Stewart have been examining this
property for several months and their engineers are now
on the ground prepare! t" proceed with development
While the plans of the company have not been ann
yet ii is generally underst '. that they purpose t i build
a railway spur a distance- of eighl miles to connect the
property with tlie C. X. R. al a point a few miles below
Mope. The property is located seventeen miles from
Hope, which town will benefit very materially by its development.
Hundreds of thousands of tons of copper ore of a good
value are said to bc in sight and is easy of access. Reports of mining engineers say that the mountain on which
the vast deposit is located contains several bodies of copper ore carrying values of from 2 to 5 per cent, copper.
*******
Considerable activity in minig circles is noticeable lately
at Bridge River and F. G. King and Dr. E. J. Rutherford,
of San Francisco, representing the U.S. Copper corporation, are now in the hills examining the extensive copper
properties of Joe Russell, and Henry Schwartz on Gunn
Creek. A favorable report by these experts will result in
a working bond being secured by the copper company,
who have already secured a fifteen month option on the
claims. If the deal goes through work upon an extensive
scale will be commenced immediately, to be followed by
operations upon a very large scale.
*******
Mr. A. D. Cummings, mining expert of Duluth, who returned this week from the headwaters of McGillivary
Creek, where he has been on a tour of inspection of a
group of mineral claims, reports several valuable minerals
as well as free milling ores have been located and are
now awaiting roads to facilitate development and the
marketing of the concentrates, also tbe getting in of machinery and supplies. Among other minerals which have
been discovered in this section is quicksilver.
-uniiFhed every Saturday at 426 Hosier Street, Vancouver.
>lephone   Seyaiour  -71
f'.._isM>red   at   the   Poet   Office  _*���_*���>__-__t,   Ottawa,   aa
���>f.,.'t Ct-_- Mall Matter.
SE-BSCRII-riON    ILATK.. I
To all point* In Canada, cnt'd Klacdsm, Newfoundland,
<ew Zealand and otber Brltlah Possessions:
$2.00
r*a��taff-e to American. European and otber foreign eountr__S
11.6(1 per /ear extra.
'J'-,.: Standar'l will be delivered to any address in Vaa-
rauver or vlclnltv at ten eenta a montb.
Member of the Canadian Press Association.
The Standard, with whlck Is Incorporated the Saturday
Chinook, circulates In Vancouver and the cities, towns, vll-
��� _-c �� and settlements throughout British Columbia. Ia
politics the paper Is Independent Liberal.
Publishers Ths Standard Printer*
RECRUITING   GRIEVANCES
A COUPLE Of weeks ago the STANDARD drew attention to the injustice wrought to certain recruits
who after acceptance by tbe military authorities and
passing the doctor, were subsequently rejected at the final
medical examination for no other blemish or defect than
they had at first. Several of these men had sacrificed positions to" serve the country, and these they could not resume on their peremptory rejection. Some of them are
still in quest of employment, and they assert there is none
to be had at all commensurate with the positions that
they abandoned.
These facts reveal a calamitous condition of affairs, and
a deplorable deficiency in the recruiting system. It ought,
as we already pleaded, to be promptly rectified so as to
avert the recurrence of such painful experiences as we
have referred to.
The first medical examination ought to be radical and
thorough and not merely perfunctory, and it ought to be
the test by which a man's acceptance or rejection should
be determined. A subsequent development of a physical
defect which ought to have been detected at the first examination, is not a justifiable ground for a man's rejection
after months of training.
Injustices of this description are most detrimental to
tbe cause of earnest recruiting, and even as we write these
words eif remonstrance several new instances have been
placed before us, and the grossness of the wrong done to
the men concerned accentuates rather than diminishes the
reproaches which are heaping up high against the medical
branch of the Canadian recruiting organization.
We do trust that we will not have to protest again in a
more vigorous form, for if we do we shall not state the
wrong in general terms, but we will specifically give the
facts, the names, and every available detail, and leave the
public to judge. For the public are the great arbiters of
right and wrong.
OUR   POOR   COPYRIGHT   LAW
THE COPYRIGHT LAW of Canada is much in need
of amendment in. at least, one important particular.
We refer to the protection, or rather, the lack of
protection which it offers to the song-writer and the dramatic-author. As everyone knows, countless songs are
written, and numerous plays and sketches are produced,
which, for all practical purposes, it is not necessary to
print. Without taking cognizance of this, our law insists that, before registration can bc effected, three printed
copies must be supplied to the Agricultural Department,
which administers the act. Xot only so, but two witnesses
must attest the veracity .if the applicant.
In comparison with this, the United States law is a
marvel of simplicity. The author of a dramatic piece, not
meant for publication, car, secure protection for a period-
of twenty-eight years by merely mailing the regulation
single dollar fee and one typewritten copy of his work.
On request, the department at Washington will even supply iln ,i| plication form.
We have heard of .. Vi      euver writer, who applied to
Ottawa and Washington        thi   same mail    In the case
of his Canadian application,  besides sending the  required
fee, he  forwarded  three  typewritten  copies and  a dulv-
!!:!i - ti laratioi     Long i     -    -  had received his rer-
tifical ration froi      Washington, his three
fluttered ba k ir, m Ottawa.   Later he received a speciallj
i    e'op- e Copyrii   ���   \ct, emphasising the fact
thai "ti" fee shall he i      rn     to the person v      i aid it."
Vpart   'rom I e.of wil ng the re   Istration
certifii tte, the   acl ri taining  the fei     -!ii!,:
sanctioi is paltry to sa;  lhe  li i ;l of
it,    Wc v e nt: ��� malle     business firm
1  ; t beni eih its dignity to
sen ice ii was unable to i erforn     Ei i-
Department is opi rated i n tlie | i in-
ciple of the sli t machine   '< may now anel ay.e;-   .������ e an
le nt.    Bul whether or not, there if ne   denying its
irritating penchant for the retention of your little bit of
whal lie- Social its designate "the medium of exchange.*'
We understand the authi r referred to conducted a
lengthy correspondence with the department in the hope
of receiving a promise of remedial legislation, but he has
never bean! of the introduction of a clause that would
benefit him or his kind.
Considering the matter broadly, there is something
anomalous in the bare fact that a Canadian citizen can-
protect his work with such case in the United States while
his claim is ignored and his fee retained by the government of his own country. We have examined the clause in
the Act relating to the registration ol" dramatic literature,
and if we were put on oath we could not say that it does
any more than offer protection for the printed pages.
The actual stage production seems to have been entirely
overlooked in the framing of the clause.
There can be nothing objectionable about bringing this
part of the Canadian Copyright Act into line with that of
the United States. Indeed, such a change would have
the immediate effect of bringing a rich harvest of fees to
the Ottawa office, because American authors and producers would gladly avail themselves /if a means of protection which to a certain extent, is at present denied
them.
Two important mining deals have been closed in Hope.
E. F. White and A. H. Sperry. both of Vancouver, acquired Lucky Four and Lucky Jack groups of copper
claims on Cheam mountain above Jones lake. Substantial
cash payments have been made in both. Both are high
grade copper and are close to the C. N. R. line. EIGHT
Wit Jitai-tarfr
SATURDAY,   OCTOBER   28,   1916
!
WM. DICK LIMITED
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YOUR  GROCER  WILL  RECOMMEND  IT
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CONVENIENCE
These may be yours on the chilliest morning or
evening by the use of a
GAS FIRE
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RADIATOR
No bother or fuss in laying in a stock of fuel.    No
worry about keeping the fire replenished.
Use Gas
the fuel that comes in a pipe.
VANCOUVER GAS CO.
Carrall and Hastings . 1138 Granville Street
Phone Seymour 5000
RAIL TICKETS TO ALL POINTS
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Lines
C. E. Jenney, G. A. P. D.
Phone: Sey. (134
W. O. Connolly, C. P. P. A.
117 Or _wlll�� Strut
Free Trade and Its Advantages
CHAPTER III
PROTECTIVE    TARIFFS
By John Robertson, 605 Holden Building, Vancouver, B. C.
Thought it Unnecessary
The   Officer:   "Didn't  you  see  me
coming up the lines?"
The Recruit: "Yes, sir.
The Officer: "Then why didn't you
ask, 'Who goes there?'"
The Recruit: "Why, hang it. I've
knowed you since you was a kid!"
(Continued from lasi week)
The idea that by paying heavy duties against an importer a nation can
prevent competition  with   its   own
manufacturers,        seems        plausible
enough,  but on   investigation   it  is
found that it does not promote that
object. It loeiks as if the importer
paid the dues for the privilege of im-
portatinn, lie, of course, pays the
duty on landing, but the burden does
not fall on him. A vendor will not
sell for less money to a country with
a high tariff. The buyer, if he is not
to pay the duty on landing, has to pay
it to the seller to enable him to settle
at the port of entry. If a Canadian
merchant buys say $100 of geiods in
Seattle at the market price, and thc
duty amounts to $30, and the freight
to $5, he has to pay altogether $135
the price, duty, and freight, before
the Vancouver merchant can get delivery. A Seattle merchant will not
sell $100 worth of-goods to a Vancouver merchant, at the market price
in that city, and pay the duty and the
freight himself, leaving himself only
$65 for the price of the goods, when
he knows that he can get $100,from
another party in Seattle. Thc duty,
therefore, has to be paid by the importer or buyer, who charges it ultimately to the consuming public of
Canada who buys his goods.. It is not,
therefore, thc foreigner who pays the
duty, but thc Canadian buyer who
adds the duty as well as the freight
to thc price of the goods, and it is
ultimately paid for by all his customers, who use the goods. The whole
duties coming from indirect taxation
has to be paid for by the protectionist country, and not only that but
the Canadian merchant, on account
of the protective tariff, is enabled to
charge more for the goods manufactured in ^Canada, and which extra
price is also charged to the Canadian
public, making the manufacturer a
self- appointed collector.
It is estimated that out of every
dollar of custom duty the government
gets, the Canadian manufacturer gets
three dollars. The Canadian manufacturer adds on to the selling price
of his article the same rate of duty
as the foreigner is charged. For ifl
stance, an agricultural instrument
costing $100 will be charged on entry, say, $30 duty, making tbe price
to the Canadian farmer $130. The
Canadian manufacturer, who pays no
duty, sells his $100 instrument also at
$130, and can still compete with the
foreigner who has to pay freight, and
can thus afford to put the duty into
his own pocket. In the Canadian Im
perial Year Book for 1915-1916, it
appears that there were agricultural
implements manufactured in Canada
amounting to $20,733,733, of which
there were exported $7,349,135, leaving for home consumption $13,375,358.
The imports amounted to $3,275,336,
and estimating this latter at a duty
of 25 per cent., it amounts to $.18,834,
which is paid to the government for
Custom duties. It is now conceded
that the manufacturers get the same
price for their article as those imported into Canada, and in that case
they must have received above Ihe
ordinary profits the duty on tlie whole
articles for home consumption, a-
mounting to $3,343,395, that is femr
times as much as the government received en the articles when imported,
The whole duties paid In lhe- government and manufacturers amounts to
$4,162,239, a sum nearly equal t,, Ihe
whole amount paid in wages by tllc
manufacturers of these Implements,
which amounts to ���$4,739,750. It could
not, therefore, be the men employed
who benefit. It was a payment which
was added on to the price of the
machine and went into the pocket of
the manufacturer. Tl*e Canadian
farmer who purchased these machines
paid the duty to the manufacturer of
the machine to the extent of $3,275,-
336. This is faxing one class at the
expense of another, which is economically unsound, and morally unjust.
The 'Canadian farmer is being taxed
for the sake of Canadian implement
manufacturers. Tbis is leaving a
burden on the backs of the farmers,
which they are not liable for, and
ruining an industry, which is the foundation of all industry, and ought to
be one of the greatest in the country. The same thing applies to the
mines and the fisheries. It is preventing them from developing their
resources and raising interest. It is
equivalent to selling the produce at
75 cents on the dollar, and a great
loss to the fundamental industries of
the country. The dearness of money
anil the dearness uf implements prevent tbe carrying out of necessary
improvements, anil trade languishes.
If the basic industries of thc country
are in a thriving condition, they will
employ more engineers, blacksmiths,
and carpenters than was formerly employed in the implement factory, anil
it also under free trade conditions will
employ more men than formerly. Protection only benefits a corporation,
but it adds nothing to thc potential
Wealth of Canada. It depreciates
Canaela and is a burden on the whole
community.
I have only instanced the case of
the implement industry, but the same
condition applies to thc textile factories, the leather business, and cement, stone, clay and marble goods.
Wc are taxing the users of these
commodities for the supposed advantage of thc Canadian manufacturer,
on the plea that bis men are getting
higher wages, when that manufacturer can pay nearly all his wages on
the enhanced price which Hie gets
from customs duties. If the goods
were marketed without the impost
they would stimulate trade and loosen the wheels of industry, and lead
to the employment of far more men,
by increased taxation the purchasing
power of money is reduced, and a bushel of wheat may only purchase 80
cents instead of 100 cents.
The collection of the impost also
occasions much expense, and leads
to tantalising irritation <and annoyance, especially in the examination of
passengers' baggage. The building
of the railways have cost an enormous sum of money, and if the natural resources of Canada were increased
instead of factories being subsidised,
the railways would at least have three
times more traffic than they now
have, and be able to reduce their
rates.
The total imports into Canada from
the British Empire in 1914 was $156,-
058,417, and from the United Kingdom alone the amount was $132,070,
867, and from foreign countries $494,-
688,380, out of that amount there
came from the United States alone
the sum of $410,786,091. Of imports
from the United Kingdom there was
general tariff:���
On General Tariff  $11,541,414
Preferential  Tariff    $86,787,609
Treaty    $4,046,844
Free    $29,695,000
From the United States there was
On  General Tariff   $249,482,610
Free    $161,303,481
And from a comparison of these figures, you will see that a larger
amount of business is done with the
States than with the United Kingdom, and that thc States after all gets
a larger preference because she has
more articles on the free list, and that
she sends into Canada more than five
times the value of free goods lhat the
United Kigdom does. It is quite apparent in the course of time that two
nations separated from each other by
an imaginary boundary with exactly
tlie same people, the same language,
ami fundamentally the same laws,
with the same kind of iftoncy, weights
and measures, having every tendency
to draw them together, must somi
break down all barriers so far as
trade is concerned. To my ininil.
they present the same contrast .is
Englaiid and Scotland before thc Union, and free trade with the United
Kingdom and with the United Stales
would bind the whole Anglo-Saxon
race together. The United Kingdom
is the mother country of the United
States as well as of Canada, only the
United States are emancipated from
parental control, whereas Canada is
like a dutiful child, who has not yet
attained majority and gives her mother still the oversight; but this cannot continue, as Canada is quite capable of managing her own affairs,
without the interference of thc United
Kingdom or the United States. If it
is at all necessary to raise money by
indirect taxation, it should only be
for the purpose of revenue. ��� That is
quite different from a protective duty.
In the United Kingdom revenue is
raised from the customs duty on the
importation of spirits, wines and malt
liquors; but there is also an excise
duty on all these commodities which
is payable by the manufacturer at
home. The importer and the manufacturer has to pay the same, both of
which has to go to the government.
It is not the same with the manufac-
get the advantage on the rise on the
price of the article by reason of the
duty payable on importation, and
what the government should get by
excise duty goes on to the price of
the implement and into tlieir own
pocket. When corn was taxed on
entering thc United Kingdom, the
farmer was able to become a tax-
gatherer'to the extent of the duty.
Hy an artificial sliding scale, wheat
was kept at a price of 80s. per quarter,
if it fell to. 70s. the duty was IDs. per
quarter, and if wheat fell to 60s., tllc
duty was 20s. per quarter, and so on
the duty was increased until it reached 80s., anel tbe home farmer was
thus enabled tei sell his home grown
wheat also at 80s., but, of cemrse, he
had not to account for the duty of
excise in the same way as tbe manufacturer of spirits. The farmer did
not get the benefit of all this. They
were worse off than they were in
the days of free trade, and tlie state
of the laborer was simply disgraceful.
The eternal problem then was rent.
The higher tlie price of corn, tlie
higher the rent, and there' was no security of tenure from the landlord.
Again it is a direct revenue lax when
the article is not grown in the country, In thc case of tea, the government gets the full tax, and it does
not raise the price of tea to any tea
grower in this country, enabling him
to get a better price for the home article, because it cannot be done. The
tariff reformers always try to shut
out the distinction between a revenue
tax and a protective tariff, because
most people have never taken the
trouble to study the difference.
All trade between nations is barter,
and it is only thc difference that is
settled in gold and silver. If we by
protective tariffs shut out foreigii
goods, vve shift our own in, because
there will be fewer Canadian goods
sent abroad . If ships come laden
with goods, they must take away other goods in return, and they cannot
afford to go away empty, and Canada
cannot afford to pay them cash, and
consequently there is no trade. If
the government encourage the development of the natural resources
of the country and increase its productiveness, the people will soon
build ships to convey their produce
abroad, and get back as the price of
same what does not pay to be manufactured here, and so reduce the price
of these articles to everybody in the
country. Extra trade will bring money to the country, and so reduce thc
rate of interest so that people can
undertake new businesses themselves
without assistance from the government. Subsidised shipbuilding lessens
the potential power of Canada and
enriches the private individual at the
expense of the taxpayers.
Under protection imports with
Great Britain ranged from 40 to 50
million pounds sterling, but after the
introduction of free trade they rose
rapidly every year until, they attained thc enormous sum of 600 million
pounds sterling, per annum. There is
no reason why Canada should not do
better even than that if she adopted
free trade. "The country is so large
and has such enormous resources
with her 3000 miles of waterway,
which could easily be extended, and
th her three great Transcontinental railway systems reaching from the
Atlantic to the Pacific, and with
branches now leading down to the
markets of her best customers, an
enormous trade could be developed if
she could once have faith to free herself from tlic slavery, and the fellers
which bind her.
(Continued  next  week)
morning mass. The authorship of
the words is attributed to de Brenon,
while the music was composed by)
Luille, a prominent seventeenth century composer. The first stanza was
as follows:���
Grand Dieu sauve le Roi!
Grand Dieu venge le Roi!
Vive le Roi!
Que  tmijours  glorieux
Louis victurieux,
Voye ses enemies
Toujours soumis,
The theory regarding Hull's authorship having beer, discredited tliere is
no evidence that "God Save the
King" was beard in England before
1740. Harry Carey, the composer of
the once popular ballad, "Sally in
Our Alley," and many other songs,
was the author of the English version
of "God Save the King." Carey died
in 1743, and his masterpiece did nol
attain popularity until some years
after his death. It was heard at Co-
vent Garden and Drury Lane theatres
in London in the latter part of September, ' 1745, and, according to a
newspaper of that period, was "encored, with repeated  huzzas."
The air of "God Save thc King"
and "ITeil Dir im Sieger Kranz" also
figured in the national or patriotic
songs of many other countries. In
the United States it was adopted by
Samuel S. Smith for his famous song,
beginning, "My country, 'tis of thee."
This was first sung in Boston iu
1832, and has often been called the
national anthem of the republic, although that honor is now more generally accorded to "The Star-Spangl-
eel Banner."
In Bavaria thc safne air is used to
"Heil! unserm Konig, Hell!" In
Switzerland it becomes ."Rufst dm,
mein Vaterland." It is sung with
other words in Denmark, Norway,
and a number of thc German states,
including, besides Prussia and Bavaria, the kingdoms of Saxony and
Wurtcmbcrg, and in Brunswick, Weimar and Hanover. Music refuses to
be governed by boundary lines.
WANTED ��� PUBLIC SCHOOL
graduates or high school students to
take shorthand or business courses
and pay for same from salary earned
after graduation. Only a limited
number accepted on this plan. Apply
at once in own handwriting to
Success Business College, Vancouver, B. C.
AN   AIR   OF   MANY   NATIONS
According tn a French authority,
Ibis .is the 250th anniversary of the
most popular and universal of all
patriotic airs ��� that which is best
known as "God Save the King," thc
Hritish national anthem, although it
has been adopted by nearly a dozen
other nations. It has been claimed
that this air was first sung in England, and the Germans, who adopted
it for their national hymn, "Heil Dir
im Sieger Kranz," insist that it is the
product of a Teuton composer, but
there is excellent reason for believing
it to be of French origin.
In- former times the words and music of "God Save the King" were attributed to John Bull, an English musician, who was said to have composed the melody in 1606, for a dinner to be given to James I. While it
is true that Bull did compose a song
entitled "God Save the King," it is
now known that it was not, either in
words or air, tbe present national anthem of England.
In the year, 1666, there was heard
in a Paris theatre a song in praise
of Louis XIV of France, said to have
been written to the tune now so widely prevalent.    It is related that this
song was first sung at St. Cyr by the
turer of the implements and other]young ladies of that chapel, whenever
articles which  are  protected.    They'the great monarch attended to hear]
As careful, conscientious dairymen', we know the enormous
responsibilities that rest with
us.
That is why we do all tliat
is humanly possible to protect
SOU-VAN MILK.
We Know Our
Responsibilities
With hundreds of anxious
mothers always on guard, we
leave no stone unturned in our
efforts to deliver a clean, fresh,
wholesome milk of uniform
quality���a safe milk for delicate babies. That we are successful in our endeavors, is
proven bv tbe remarkable demand for SOU-VAN MILK.
Phone Fair. 2624 NOW and
we'll leave you a trial bottle.
OUR  DELICIOUS
CREAM, half pint
10c
SOU-VAN MILK
South Vancouver Milk Co,
Scientilic Dairymen
Twenty-ninth  Ave.  and  Fraser
Cycling Dan says:
That by buying a Bicycle
You stop "bye-bye"
To many "a nickle"
Spent for cars
Or jitney fare.
Besides you can
Ride anywhere,
Pedal a Paragon���
And be glad
That you acted
On this "Ad."
Cycling can be made to pay
See Fred Deeley���now���Today.
FRED DEELEY
1126
(The Cycle Man)
GRANVILLE   STREET
VANCOUVER

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