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The Standard Jun 10, 1916

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Array rr	
"Here shall the Press
pie's rights maintain,
Unawed   by   interest
bribed by gain."
v.                                      -=
��� PRINTING ���
Standard Prices. Standard Work
Standard   Printers
(formerly Chinook)
426 Homer St.        Seymour 470
Vol. V, No. 6���Established 1911
VANCOUVER,   B.C.,   SATURDAY,   JUNE   10,   1916
Price Five Cents
|We Saved Foley, Welch & Stewart!
I  Can We Save Ourselves?
* *        * * if        #        #        *
��� ��rT,llK  only  real  objection   to  our  railway  and  ship-
l     building  proposals,   which  are  bound  to  be  great
factors of development," says the Hon. W. J. Bow-
.Jjker,   premier  and  attorney-general   of   Hritish   Columbia,
���i- is that we have to borrow money, when we are already in
'4lcbt, and  for the present, revenue does not square  with
.  The  last half of this statement is quite true,  the first
Jialfjs quite untrue.   The real objection to the railway and
'Shipbuilding proposals is that they are most unbusinesslike.
As far as shipbuilding is concerned, there are many people
: connected  with  the  shipping  trade  who consider  that to
build ships is gambling on the duration of the war; because
afier the war tliere may be plenty of tonnage available for
:wl\cry purpose.    On the other hand there are many others
Upho  consider   tllat  lumber  schooners  built  especially  to
"gicarry lumber for the export trade would always be able to
sBcarn the cost of their upkeep if they were operated by the
SJBumhcr mills.    The objection  to  thc  shipbuilding bill,  as
' jatthc premier knows quite well, lies in its provision of guar-
'��nutccd bonds  for shipbuilding  yards,  its  cash  bubsidy  "i
^B5 per cent, of the value of the ship to be built, its subsidy
"Uf $5 per cargo capacity ton per annum for ten years after
spite  war  is  concluded,  and  its  operating clauses  under a
S&nveriimeiit  commission.    Tbe bill has already been discussed in these columns and there only remains to bc added
���that it was passed by the government without any consult-
"ation  whatever with  the business  men  who knew  something of shipping, despite the fact that at the first board
_35yd trade meeting held to consider tbe bill, Mr. C. E. Tis-
<iall,  the  ex-minister  of  public  works,  definitely  assured
/the meeting that the premier would not pass the bill until
-./It had been properly discussed and advised upon. The ships
.  yhich are being built prove the contention made in these
columns that the guaranteed bonds and the cash  subsidy
'Would be the magnet on which would hang the agreement
���niadc with an eastern firm.    No business mair would dare
.Sipcrate  the  ships under  tbe  government commission.
I With regard to the railway policy, the premier also
'joLnows that no one objects to borrowing money to com-
���plctc the line from Newport to Fort George. The objec-
'Jft'n 's '" borrowing $6,000,000 which is to be handed over
��to Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart in return for securi-
Sties of the Pacific Great Eastern Development Co., which
Sis nothing but a real estate company embracing the per-
aBsonal holdings of .Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart, most
;||of which consist of townsites and other lands granted free
M��.v 'he people of British Columbia to tlic Pacific Great
Sfeastern Railway Company, which has, or rather should
EOiave. nothing whatever to do with the Pacific Great East-
Herri Development Co. Moreover that since, on the pre-
Shuier's own statement, Hritish Columbia has already once
���saved Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart from bankruptcy.
Bit would be only business like to investigate their books
|ftand discover exactly how much money has actually been
jBspcnt on the construction of the Pacific Great Fastern
HRailvvay; how much has been lost by Messrs. Foley, Welch
Hmd Stewart and Mr. Pat Welch in the construction of the
.���line; whether Mr. Pat Welch lias really lost anything at
JmSiII: whether sub-contractors have been treated fairly and
Swhctlicr the prices of the sub-contracts are the prices
���charged by Mr. Pat Welch to the Pacific Great Eastern
l&Railway Co, Further, what has become of the $250,000
is securities   given   to   the   government     by   Messrs.     Foley,
��� Welch and Stewart in return for the charier of the rail:
S way company?    In brief, that before another cent of the
��� people's money is handed over to Messrs. Foley! Welch
��Q and Stewart, tiie whole transaction should be thoroughly
��� invesliealeil, including the construction "I the line by an
H absolutely independent commission headed by a thoroughly
��� cmnpetent railway engineer. Finally lhal the British
^���Columbia government should exercise ils rights under the
^contract and engage a competent engineer to complete the
Ijliiie, which bas already cost $60,000 a mile and which, il is
IJiinderstood, could have been completed for $45,(100 a mile,
��� V- said engineer to be entirely free of all government pat-
u| ronage.
Those, as briefly as possible, are the objections In the
I government's shipbuilding and railway proposals. As has
I been stated, il is perfectly true that we have to borrow
I more money to carry out those proposals, that we are al-
I ready in debt, and lor the'present, revenue does not square
JL with expenditure. The intention of this article is to show
'I bow much we are in debt and how much money has to
I bc borrowed, not only for tbe shipbuilding and railway
proposals, but to square our revenue with our expenditure.
Such an intention, it may be admitted, is likely to pave the
road for an extremely uninteresting article. That is the
difficulty with all such questions. They must deal in figures and they are proverbially easy to manipulate in order
to prove anything. Figures also���that is those figures
which concern assets and liabilities���cannot be made interesting by exterior decoration. They have to be dressed
plainly to be understood and all frills eliminated. It is not
at. all easy to analyse tbe provincial budget, because it is
only natural that a finance minister in introducing his
charge to the attention of the house, endeavors to hide its
defects by dwelling on its best points. No mother could
be more anxious regarding the impression made at her debut by her daughter than the minister of finance regarding
the impression made by his budget. Mr. Lome Campbell,
whn was responsible for the budget this session, was not
responsible for the past of his charge. Truth to tell, he
most probably would have gladly got rid of it.    He con
fessed that he wished the people of Victoria bad not been
so discourteous to Mr. Flumerfelt, whose reputation in
financial circles would have no doubt helped to dress the
budget in its best. However, Mr. Lome Campbell was most
business like. He only mentioned what was complimentary iu the past, rushed through the present with a sidelong
glance at the extremely ungraceful figure his charge cut,
and then launched forth on the bright future awaiting
anyone who cared to accept his assurances on tlieir face
There is nothing derogatory to Mr. Lome Campbell in
tbis. He is a business mair ami minister ol" mines. The
future of mining in British Columbia is a matter of extreme importance to the whole community. His review
of the great developments now going on at Anyox and
Britannia, through the activities ol" tlie Granby Company,
was extremely interesting. Tlie only thing he forgot to
mention was thc effect on the revenue ol" the province,
which might entail from such development. His remarks
regarding agriculture and timber were equally interesting
but unilluminating. Our "potential resources" have often
covered a multitude of our actual delinquencies. A minister of any denomination is probably better employed in
expatiating on the glorious future awaiting us if only we
follow his advice than in continually reminding us of our
horrible past. Moreover, Mr. Lome Campbell's review
of the past had to deal entirely with the budget of Mr.
Price Ellison, the former minister of finance and agriculture, who interpreted thc definition of minister of agriculture a little too literally. He evidently considered that
ministering to his personal agricultural pursuits was part
of bis duty, just as the premier believes that ministering to
his own law firm is part of the attorney-general's duties.
This, however, is only the humorous side of our general
political morality. It is a pity that Mr. Lome Campbell
did not dwell a little longer on the humorous side of the
budget he was presenting. As a business man he must
have laughed a good deal at the spectacle of himself, as
financial secretary and treasurer to the corporation of
British Columbia, presenting to his shareholders a budget
which was exactly a year old. His speech was made on
Monday, March 27, 1916. The financial year closed on thc
following Friday, March 31, 1916. If he bad postponed
his speech for a fortnight, he would have had to present
the budget of April 1, 1915, to March, 31. 1916, which is
exactly what most people conclude he did. Not at all���
that would bc most unwise. He presented the budget of
April 1, 1914, to March 31. 1915. and the estimates of
April 1, 1916, to March 31, 1917. To leave out of all consideration tlic budget of the year just past is one of the
glorious idiosyncrasies in which British Columbia lias
indulged since 1909.
Those foolish people who always desire to know the
reason of things must rest content with thc knowledge
lhat the Dominion budget, like the Imperial budget, ends
its financial year on March 31. Hut tlic Dominion anil
Imperial budgets arc presented in April, whereas it has
been the practice in British Columbia ever since Mr. Tallow resigned, to present tiie budge! in March. The excuse
usually has been lhal tiie legislature is not sitting in April,
ill' course, realising how extremely busy the members "i
the legislature are. it can be understood how necessary ii
is to hold th'.' annual session early in the year, But tins
year, seeing thai tlie bouse sal through April ami May, it
would have bein considered business like by tbe ordinary
citizen to delve into llie finance 0*f 1915-1916, not 1914-1915.
There was every opportunity', but the legislature evidently
iloes nol consisl nl ordinary citizen's! ll is composed of
extraordinary people, who apparently lend themselves to
Ihis bit of political trickery without a murmur, li is not
much use criticising a budget which is a year obi. i- it?
Supposing that by order oi" the Lieutenant-Governor in
Council thc government advanced during l'Mo to 1917
$1,500,000 over ami above the $2,000,000 allowed for under
the shipbuilding bill. This advance could ii"l bc discussed
by the bouse until the session nf 1918, when tlie budget
from April 1, 1916, to March 31, 1917, would be presented.
That sort of thing is called good politics, not dishonesty.
If is be granted that for convenience it is better to end
the financial year so that it coincides with the conclusion
of the Dominion financial year, is there any reason wdiat-
soever wdiy thc legislature should meet in February or
March, when it would be much pleasanter lor the members
to spend the spring in such a nice place as Victoria? If
Mr. Lome Campbell did not laugh at himself as a business
man being obliged as a politician to lend himself to tbis
sort of thing, he must have lost his sense of humor,
Having thus introduced tbe budget with a few explanatory remarks, which were not made by Mr. Lome Campbell, we will now pass on to the actual figures given by
him and also omitted by him. It is impossible to make up
a proper balance sheet and present it to the reader, owing
to the little idiosyncrasy mentioned, but by comparing the
figures he gave for 1914-1915 with those for 1913-1914, as
set forth in the public accounts, there appear some matters of slight interest, Fifr instance Mr. Campbell showed
a saving of $3,181,776 over the estimates for 1914-1915 in
ten out of the thirteen services. The three services he
did not mention, presumably because there was no saving,
were tbe Public Debt, the Administration ol" Justice (salaries') and Legislation. The estimated expenditure was
$13,700,000, the actual expenditure. $11,900,000, a saving on
the estimates of $1,800,000. The estimated revenue was
$10,000,0000, the actual revenue was $7,800,000, a loss on
the estimates of (2,200,000, The actual expenditure was
$4,100,000 more than the actual revenue, but there was a
saving on the estimated expenditure of $l,X00,IW0. Yel
the actual saving on the estimated expenditure in ten out
of tbe thirteen services was $.1,1X1,776. As thai sum was
saved on the estimated expenditure, the actual expenditure
should be $10,518,224. But it was $11,900,000. Therefore
there must have been expended on the three services Mr.
Lome Campbell did not mention the sum of $1,3X1.77b.
As the salaries for the Administration of Justice and the
expenditure on Legislation could not have amounted to
very much more than in 1913-1914, the Public Debt in
1914-1915 must have absorbed most of that $1,3X1.776. No
doubt this little matter will be quite plain when the Public
Accounts for 1914-1915 are issued, but it is obvious that
Mr. Brewster's plaintive plea that no time is given to the
members to examine thc budget is bas'd on excellent
grounds. For it would have been found that while the
Public Debt in the budget of 1913-1914 was $529,775.66. it
was probably increased by over $1,000,000 in 1914-1915. To
bear this out it is worth noting here that the Public Debt
service for 1916-1917 is estimated at $1,422,254.
Mr. Lome Campbell here showed his political acumen
by emphasising the savings effected on the services, even
going to tbe trouble of detailing the saving on Public
Works under three different heads, but he carefully avoided the services in which there must have been an increase
over the estimates. Those who are always anxious to
criticise lhe service over which tllc attorney-general rules
need not expect to find this difference of $1,3X1,776 under
the Administration of Justice (salaries) or Legislation
because, as has been said, there is not very much leeway
in these services.    There was a saving of $56,000 on the
revenue when lhe Surpluses were shown If in 1911 the
government had a surplus of $9,354,261.65, why in 1914,
when ils deficit could have only totalled $6,629,076.21, did
it borrow $10,000,000, when really il bad on the total showing a surplus of $725.1x5.44:- In ihe revenue for 1913-1914
there is interest amounting to $91,967.47. This at 3 per
cent indicates that there was jusl o\cr $3,000,000 on deposit iu the banks.
This is, of course, pure guesswork, because tbe Public
Accounts do not show what sum the government has on
deposit in the banks at the end of the financial year. The
estimate can only be made from the interest accruing to
revenue. Granting that there was a deposit of $3,000,000
to the credit of tbe government at the end of 1914, this
would include thc $725,185.44 relerred to, as remaining over
from the surplus years. It may be remembered that Sir
Richard Meliride stated early in 1915 that there was $6,-
000,000 on deposit in the banks. The proceeds of the loan
for $10,000,000, less the sum of $3,374,814.56. which is lhe
total deficit from 1903-1915, gives a sum of $6,625,185.44.
ll" for the year 1915-1916 there was a deficit of $4,000,000
as suggested, there would still be over $2,500,(XX) in the
banks on deposit at 3 per cent. But the estimates for
1916-1917 show a deficit of $4,643,985 and the government
provides for a loan of $4,000,000, so that the deficit for
1915-1916 may be rather more than $4,000,000. Still at the
end of 1917 by borrowing tllis $4.<K*O,0H0 now the government should have about $2,000,000 on deposit in the bank
at 3 per cent. It vvill have borrowed altogether $14,000,-
000, and on this will pay on an average about 5 per cent,
-be interest then will absorb son c $700,000 a year, and the
deposit at the bank if it amounts nn an average during thc
period to $3,000,000 at 3 per cent., will offset tbis $700,000
Administration of Justice other than salaries, and although   by $90,000.   The revenue therefore will have to provide
this service cost no less than $747,112.40 iu 1913-1914, and --""Wl interest on loans for current purposes.
$451,205.69 in 1912-1913, whereas in 1911-1912 it cost $272,-
808.06, and in 1910-1911, $223,339.36. the pleasure of having
Mr. Bowser as attorney-general must compensate the electorate for tbe expense. The strike at Xanaimo probably caused the leap from $451,205.69 in 1912-1913 to $747,-
112,40 in 1913-1914, but only the general skittishness of the
attorney-general can account for the previous jumpiness
in his department. It took place at a time when everything was jumping and as he has explained several times,
Mr. Lome Campbell stated that fixed charges amounted
lo $X,300,000. These must include all interest on previous
loans which are part of the public debt, and other expenditures which it would be impossible tn cut down. Over
and above these fixed charges, he only provides $3,000,000
in his estimates for general expenditure. Presumably he
includes in the fixed charges the interest on the $10,000,000
and $4,000,000 loans���at least it may be hoped be does. For
the government, like everyone else, was perhaps inclined  it is no use jgnorjng the fact that we are faced with a very
to be a little extravagant at the time of the boom. It is
plain from the saving of $56,000 in his department during
1914-1915 he was commencing to save at the time of the
pleasant little interlude of interest on tbe guaranteed railway bonds already issued. According to Mr. Campbell,
the  total amount  of  guaranteed  bonds  "earned"���that  is
crash.    It may be hoped that the actual saving in  1915-  presumably issued  for work  done on  the  C.  N. R. and
1916 in the services will show a saving on lhe actual ex
penditure in the Administration of Justice (other than
salary) service during that period. It would be excellent
to return to the $223,339.36 of 1910-1911 or even less, although judging by what has been said by certain mournful
people about our moral conditions during the last year,
there may be some justification to nervousness on this
Heigh-ho, but it's a sad business trying to make both
ends liieel! Mr. Lome Campbell did not state what the
deficit on 1915-1916 was, because that year had three days
more to run, and of course he could not tell, or presumably
even estimate it, until tbe returns were all in. But the
deficit on 1914-1915 was, he said $4,100,000. The deficit-
being the "kindlj -call-at-your-eai liest-convenience-and
adjiist-your-balancc���in lhe financial year ending 1914, being $5,2X3.653.74,- while for the same period in 1913 il was
$2,902,106.94, anil also in 1912���-even in 1912���$443,315.53,
or. in four years, lhe small sum ol" $12,729,076.21. That
means " "Call-without-delay-and-see-thc-nianager."        Oh,
Hei p.     That   is   lhe   S.I I.S.   signal   in   banking   circles.
N'ot knowing,  as  lias  already  been  remarked,  imw  much
more indebtedness was incurred in  1915-1916, but
that  Mr.  Lome  Campbell  estimates  our deficil   in
1917 al  $4,643.985���we  may  presume  ii   ivas  arottii
mo.!'!1.', it 1."
we should hi
$21,373,061 a
out the sense
as ii by the glorious 31 sl
acquired ihe nice little ai
P. G. E., is about $57,000,000 out of a total guaranteed of
$80,322,072, Allowing an average of 5 1-4 per cent, on
these bonds, the interest charges in any one year might
total about $2,500,000. Then we have authorised a $2,000,-
000 loan on ships to be built. If we can borrow this at
around 5 per cent���and don't allow the Lieutenant-Governor in Council to authorise any more���we must set aside
$100,000 a year for that, as well as over $50,000 a year for
interest nn the $1,000,000 lor the Agricultural Credits Bill.
The Workmen's Compensation Act is an unlimited liability
that may enst quite a large sum and if to this is added
compensation for prohibition���the additional burden tbe
revenue will have to face is very, very large. Guaranteed
bonds for shipbuilding yards would add very considerably
to our risks.
To summarise these little matters:���
A.���Interest  op   loans  of  $10,000,000  and  $40,-
000, fnr current  account,  less interest on
deposits   ill   banks $   600,000
B.��� Interest  "ii   Agricultural  Credit   Bill,  $1,-
000,000, ai   -ay  5  per cent         50,000
C���Interest on Shipbuilding  Bill,. .$2,000,000'at
say   5  per   cent          II  1,000
D.���Interesl    m $6,000,000 cash  ad   .        to  P
G.   I'"... ;\\   S3}   5  per cent        ]	
nne oild  cents���oh,  well, we ca'   leave
iow since the governmeni appears to set
���is      di a good example.    For behold the beautiful argu
ment now advanced I        nforl those atrocious pessimists
rvho criticise lcgislal   rvhich entails further expenditure.
"W'i- graiil ynu," sftys Mr. Bowsei  in his mosl L'i"i.il wa;
���ihis is nol a quotation but a summary of what  he ac
lu.illy said  (N.B.- 1  do nol  desire   Mr. John  I.. Sulli ai
I" have In journey I" Seattle i" gi I -nine ������:��� ��� oul of    i'l
i" swear Mr.  Bowser never sa tl anything "i the '���
'W'e grant you die deficits of the lasi two nr three yi irs,
but gn back in 1903, when iln- Conservatives look office,
Then there was a deficit nf $1,348,551.90,    lu 1904  there
was a deficit ol $224,533.41.    From  then until  1911   there
were surpluses amounting to no less than $10,927,346.96, In
laii you will find that im  ihe financial years l"i'.! i i 1915!ft*o ,\c
the net  rr venue was $86,638,761.84, while the net expendi- j ,|u,   p_c
lure   was  $90,013,57(1.40.     Thus   really   nn   March   31.   191J
we really only bad a deficit on  the  total budgets  of $3.
374,814.56."      Hooray ��� Hooray ��� Hoo-bloomin'-blightey
al interest on above, unless Licutermnt-G  ceri   i  in
Con iii'  . ith  risi - ftirthi i   ulvances on items B. ain!
C . as i;-.   has a pi rir. I  right t" do,
Public Deb   tor tin   :i-.:,l year 1913       ��� ilmost
exai il>  $53l ,l l        I91(   1917  Mr. I... pbeil'es
timates it ai $1,422,254, which indicati I     ��� ��� ab    i sum-
mary ma} nol       very it, with       taking mm
Hi'    i ossil ilit} ing   further  sun     oi    the    :. iway
or   tin   ol The
governmeni has securities depositi to the Ii
stiranci   Act ami other acts nl   Incorporation, am inning
to $1,101,474   .it least this wan ihe amount al thi  end oi
the financial year  March 31.  1914,    Presumably ii
touch such securities, but it is worth noting that nowhere
among these securities i- there any mention of tin- $250,-
It is good to emphasise tllis argument for it is absolutely correct. From 1905-1911 inclusive, the government piled
up a surplus year by year until it amounted to $1. ��27.-
346.% on March 31, 1911. After that something went
wrong. The tremendous expansion entailed tremendous
expenditure and "we will admit tbe government was extravagant." But still, after writing off the deficits of 1903
and 1904, which amounted to $1,573,085.3! on March 51.
1911, the government had a surplus of $9,354,261.65. Its
revenue had exceeded its expenditure by that sum. so
it had a perfect right to be extravagant. This sum bad
nothing whatever to do with railway guarantees���it was
the clear surplus. In thc -next four years there was a
deficit totalling $12,729,076.21, so that as Mr. Bowser
points out, the real deficit can only be $3,374,814.56, on
March 31. 1915. Vet the government borrowed $10,000.-
000 iu 1914 and at this last session passed legislation borrowing another $4,000.0110. and explained that tlie revenue
from land sales had not been collected, there being some
$15,000,000 due on these which would be ample security
for the $10,000,000. The first $10,000,000, in fact, was borrowed on the security of these collections. But whatever
was owing on land sales could not have been part of the
sited l.\  Messrs, Foley, Weld
lie Great  Eastern  charier.
In any case there i- over $1,000,000
ll interest on legislation passed at this last session which must be added to
the interest on tbe Public Debt, lu other w irds, at least
$23,000,000 was added to that debt, ll we have to pay the
interest on the railway bond:���ami the Dominion government has already warned us that il expects us to share
half of the payment ol" $4,000,000 interesl on C, X. R. bonds
���we shall have to find somewhere near an extra $2,500,000,
or. in all, no less than $3,5004000 for interest alone on bonds
we have guaranteed and lnaus we have raised. It is no
good being pessimistic and looking at the worst side of
things. We will have to pay interest on some and perhaps we may escape interest on others. Mr. Lome Campbell is evidently allowing for an increase in interest
charges on thc public debt of over $1,000,000. and this is
probably the best which can bc expected. Thc problem
is how to find the money to look after our commitments.
Considerably the largest item in our revenue at the end
of the financial year 1913-1914 was Timber Royalties and
Licenses, which brought us in $2,444,179.06. In his speech
Mr. Campbell forgot all about the revenue, that is he did
not give the bouse any figures to show how it had fallen
off. He said it was $7,800,000, whereas the year before it
bad been $10,308,381.10. For 1916 to 1917 be estimated
the revenue at only $5,944,015, which shows a drop of practically $2,000,000 between 1915 and 1917. It can only be
supposed that the revenue for 1916 was somewhere about
�� TWO
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$6,00O,(XXI, if anything rather less. The government for
the last few years has always depended on deferred payments from land sales making up the drop in revenue.
These payments, deferred and otherwise, for the financial
year ending March 31, 1914, totalled $1,172,953, and were
rather less than the revenue derived from tbe Chinese
restriction act. Nevertheless, they came third on the list
of in point of as a means of revenue and cannot bc depended on now for much revenue.
Mr. Lome Campbell stated that the Dominion Government second mortgage loan of $45,HOO,(XXI relieved llritish
Columbia of ils liability on the C, N. R. Pacific bonds in
order that the Dominion Government may make its security effective. Hut the Dominion Government has evidently
other ideas. W'e must reckon on paying the piper for om
railway construction. The only right method is to take
every contingency into account and allow accordingly. It
is plain any government is faced with a serious proposition
and that from one source or other the revenue must be
increased. There should bc opportunity for this in the
mining developments, Vet nothing should be done to
discourage capital, or productive development. That is
why the Workmen's Compensation Act, the unbusinesslike
shipbuilding bill, the continual search for money with
which to purchase the vote of the electorate through popular rather than business like methods,are so dangerous to
the country. Taxation should be increased, but it would
take a very strong government to increase taxation under
present circumstances, as it would deem such a move
would be deemed most unpopular. The question of prohibition just as tllc question of he Workmen's Compensation Act, is not a question of a good or bad act, but solely
oiic of finance. Can we afford to establish these expensive
luxuries at such times as these? Do they increase our
revenue or do they increase our liabilities or expenditure?
The government has shown itself most reckless in its
"business" legislation. It has shown itself most unbusiness
like in its budget, which is purely political. It has been
drawn up to give as good an aspect as possible to a bad
state of affairs. But because the affairs are bad there is
no need to be pessimistic. All that is required is a careful
analysis of the situation, a business like and frank report
to the people, and a bold attack on the whole rotten political system which is very largely accountable for the present situation. If tbe present government is returned to
power and Mr. Lome Campbell remains minister of finance, lie will have a great opportunity to show what can
be done by a real business man to pull our public accounts
out of the political slime which chokes all initiative and
really honest administration.
THE executive of the People's Prohibition Party in
tion of men and brains that ever convened in the
British Columbia is perhaps the weakest aggrcga-
best interests of any community. The Bill to which they
have given their assent is the trickiest, please-all, makeshift piece of legislation that was ever presented to any
electorate to be voted upon,
That sane men, having as their object the total prohibition of the habit and traffic of intoxicating liquors in tllis
Province should have worked so hard and so long, and
in the end be so completely hoodwinked, is unthinkable.
Many of the workers feel that, after all, the cause has
been betrayed. The Bowser Bill may close the saloons,
but it leaves a wide open door for all kinds of illicit trafficking, which, if tbe leaders of the Prohibition party had
firmly maintained their original position of absolute and
total prohibition, could have been kept securely closed.
The leaders of the movement compromised, and as a result we are face to face with a very unsatisfactory situation.   The proposed measure does not strictly prohibit.
It is the old story of the wolf in sheep's clothing. The
Prohibition executive is composed largely of party politicians whose personal political promotion is of more importance than the commonweal, and only so long as Prohibition is a means to an end do they stay with thc cause.
Some of them have already received the office for which
they have worked so long, and now they are practically
"through'' with "total" Prohibition. The Bill .they are so
half-heartedly supporting is only a sop offered to a betrayed electorate.
* * #
But this is nothing more, nor less, than what many good
people expected. The men who fathered thc movement
were, and are, merely time servers. At its best, the morale
of the executive was never very high. The motive which
dominated the movement at its inception, Was not such as
could possibly give healthy stimulus to any public issue.
Men with "pasts" are never great energy givers, or moral
uplifiers. The greed of gain, as emphasised in the economic arguments against the drink traffic has little inspiration in it for the man in the street. He has little faith
in any "Capitalist" and "Promoter" propagandists. The
Almighty Dollar was. and is, of more importance to the
fathers of the People's Prohibition Tarty in B. C. than the
salvation nf the drunkard from the accursed drink. They
began, as Archdeacon Lloyd so plainly told them, al lhe
wrong end. They might to save the drunkard for his
own sake, and nol f"r the dollars lhat are in lhe business.
Prohibition has always been a political issue in B. ('.
Unlike lhe mercenary motive of monetary gain, however,
Ibis phase of lhe question has been concealed, ll is nevertheless easily recognizable by any one wlm has a desire
lo enquire into the matter. It takes no greal amount oi
brains to see thai the Prohibition executive is in lhe bands
of our astute political leaders only a means to an end.
Wit li one party it has been dexterously used to save that
party from complete annihilation, while lhe opposing party
has endeavored to regain the confidence of lhe people
through the popular issue. "It will help us" was how one
candidate put it. al the time of the great Convention last
August, and only just so long as it HELPS them has any
political party any use for a Bill that puts the strangle
hold on the drink traffic which, after all, is lhe most powerful factor in politics.
The Conservative interests have captured the Prohibition executive. Thc boasted "Only Prohibition Paper in
B. C." is now a staunch supporter of the present government The "grcat" $300 per month organiser, of whom
every one spoke with bated breath at the time of appointment, is now Minister of Education. A young Conservative party has been organized, the leaders of which are
members of the Prohibition machine, The "capitalist and
promoter" men arc all avowed supporters of the Bowser
administration. And so, as a result of all this political
intrigue, the people are asked to support a Bill which no
stretch of imagination can call a complete Prohibition
measure, but which is in reality only a decoy used to return the Conservative party to power.
The Bill upon which the people are being asked to vote
was not prepared by the Prohibition party. It could not
possibly be. The executive of the Prohibition movement
was unalterably opposed to the principle of compensation,
at least so they affirmed. And yet what do we find? This
Prohibition Bill, of which there is much talk of its being
so satisfactory to tbe Prohibition leaders, is nothing more
or less than a Compensation measure. It does not even
give to 'the people the right to say if they wish thc Trade
to be compensated. That is to be in the hands of a "Commission."'   Who, then, prepared the Bill?
liquor interests, prepared the measure, which would serve
their own ends, and at the same time, promise security
to the Trade. The welfare of the Province as a whole
was the thing farthest from tbe minds of the framers of
this piece of sneaky legislation. It would be quite an interesting inquiry to find out just how much money the
secret agents of the liquor interests paid out to get control
of the framing of British Columbia's Prohibition (?) Act.
Another question that might be asked while we are
writing on this sordid talc is "Why did the Prohibition
People of B. C. not avail themselves of the benefits of the
Doherty Act, and so give to the Province the fullest possible protection from the drink evil." If their motive had
been the salvation of humanity from the curse of intemperance, they would have insisted upon this wider prohibition. But they did not. And the reason is self-evident.
Tbe men whom the people trusted in this matter betrayed
them. They sold the Prohibition machine, and all its influence, to the highest political bidder, with the result we
have already noted.
* * *
That there is a clamant need for Prohibition in B. C. no
one denies. This fact is recognized by all classes of the
community. A saloon, whether in a legislature hall or a
mining camp, is an accursed thing. Men who stand at a
bar and drink, be they members of parliament or mule
drivers, arc worse than beasts, and any measure that seeks
to cure this evil and save these men from themselves,
should receive the consideration and support of the people.
The political party, however, that would seek to make
capital and gain jut of such legislation does not merit
support. The business of a parliament is not to give favors
to the public, The people return men to power to legislate in the best interests of the entire community, and
measures passed with this end in view should not be looked
upon as something conferred upon the country through
the influence of any political body, but as the result of the
deliberations of men whose sense of duty and responsibility
is the motive which inspires them to work and act for the
common good. Men of this type arc few and far between
in British Columbia.
Again, votes must have one value, and one value only.
This is impossible where the country is divided arbitrarily into districts, returning one representative. Only
when a candidate is chosen by acclamation can the votes
be said to be of equal value. The candidate is then desired equally by all. In all other cases the minority vote
has no value, as it did not succeed in getting a representative elected.    The minority has no voice in the  House.
Nol only is lhe minority vote disfranchised, but most of
the majority wile is often practically disfranchised. In
order to present an undivided front In lhe opposite party.
Ihe minorlty< il is necessary in a district returning one
member, lhal only one candidate shall run lor lhe major
party, hence the desirability of an agrccmenl as in whn
shall be the Candidate.   Tllis is arrived al in different ways.
As a rule ii is Kit lo a committee appointed by party
workers, or to a convention of delegates selected  for the
purpose. To capture the convention or central committee,
or lo foster and develop activity in a parly, among supporters susceptable to certain influences, is the object of
the agents of interests, who have a selfish end in view,
Owing to the apathy and indifference of the majority of
the party, and the activity of the selfish few, the candidate is usually placed under an obligation to these interests, and is expected to legislate for them. So long as
the majority can be kept pacified, these active agents manage often to control the selection of candidates in both
parties���sort of tvvccddledee and tweedledum���whichever
one is selected is under the control of the interests. And
should the selection not be to their liking, they usually
run a third candidate, and so divide the hostile vole.
Again, in a close contest, the balance of power can easily be influenced by promises of money, jobs, contracts,
etc. It is little wonder that the whole method has created
a wholesome disgust, sometimes called "apathy and lack of
conscientious regard for the duties of citizenship," in the
minds of the honest electors. The real truth of the whole
matter is that those who cry out against tbis "apathy and
lack of conscientiousness" are the most guilty parties, in
not having attempted to overcome these difficulties, and
therefore are least aware of the true situation. The danger is THE SELFISH INTEREST, and the heroes are
the honest workers in the party, who are often misunderstood.
' * * *
The policy of the party, not only in the convention, but
in the caucus, is subject to the same influence, and so we
get a government built up around a specially interested
few, but not representing in any shape or form, the people.
The will of the people, then, should prevail in the matter
of deciding upon national policies, or, for that matter of
it, all policies. But should these chosen representatives
be entrusted with the offices of administration? Are the
people in a position to judge who would be good executive
heads of departments? Granted that the electorate is not
in a position to know, and that tbe people's will is focused
in the Mouse by tbe adequate vote which the Proportional
System provides, the natural course would be to leave the
selection for a particular office, not to the caucus, but to
the whole House. The means of investigating the records
of applicants for these offices and tbe methods of watching their progress should also be controlled by the House.
AN article in the WESTMINSTER REVIEW for May
on "Thc Crisis in Party Politics and the Way Out."
suggests this topic for consideration.    The method
of obtaining gord government is to bc worked unt hi the
next issue of that magazine and will doubtless be awaited
with interest.
We arc all agreed that there is constant discontent and
dissension arising from the actions of our so-called democratic governments, and so it is with som? degree of pleasure that wc welcome the solution of our difficulties, such
as Proportional Representation or, for that mailer of it.
any other change in the electoral system, shall give us.
We are all agreed that the results of our present methods
are unsatisfactory.
* * *
In making our legislative bodies elective our statesmen
had a decided object in view. The House was to be the
"express image of the nation." But tbe machinery provided has failed to give adequate results. The people are
not fairly represented.
Wc look to the church, the school, and the home to
mould our democratic life, and yet thc agents in these institutions, the preacher, the teacher and the mother, are
disfranchised, or, at least, are not expected to use their
influence in the forming of legislative bodies. We shall
only have a full democratic government wihen we have a
free adult suffrage, which shall include preachers, teachers,
women, civil servants, etc.
"K TOT all the heroes are in the trenches; it would be
1\  we are just holding on in the hope that the change
much easier to throw up everything and go; but
will come before we reach tbe end of our resources."
These words, uttered recently by a Granville Street business man, express what is true of the experience of many
in Western Canada and elsewhere at this time. It is the
duty of every man, physically fit, to ask himself if his
circumstances or his home responsibilities are such as to
prevent his offering himself for service in some capacity
in connection with the national and imperial organization
to meet the Gerainn military menace. It need not bc taken
as a reflection on the thousands who are going, however,
that a passing tribute is paid the men who stay behind to
fight in the business trenches.
Following hard on the presentation of that side came
the recruiting meeting in the Vancouver Hotel. Several
short but pointed addresses were niade by representative
men. Unfortunately, towards the end of the meeting,
a versatile speaker of wide sympathies won the favor
of the audience when he introdu ed a subject other than
recruiting into the discussion, and this led a peripatetic
orator who followed, to test the patience of the meeting
by airing certain grievances along labor lines.
In the course of his address, Rev. Dr. O'Boyle made an
appeal to the Canadian-born. Canada has no reason to lie
ashamed of the part of her native sons, in common with
her British-born citizens, have already taken in the world
struggle, but those who are in constant touch with the
old Land know that the requirements of the situation
seem lo have come home more fully to the men of Britain
and lhat in most cases brothers and nephews have long
ago, without need of any form of compulsion, made everything secondary to the interests of the Empire anil enlisted in one department or another of army or nayy service.
There is no doubt a danger that the very security from
the consequences of war which the Imperial Xavy has so
far ensured to the Dominions beyond thc seas may prevent some young men from realizing all the present struggle means, and the primary claim the Empire has on the
personal consideration of all who value British institutions and Christian  civilization.
Probably, as was suggested at the recruiting meeting,
many Canadians are only now beginning to be seized of
tbe significance of what is involved in the conflict, and
that has only to come home to them to lead the young
manhood of the nation to volunteer in Uhdiniinishing proportion from the remaining population. Cost what it
may, Prussian militarism must be destroyed,���Westminster Review.
draught The films are going all day and every day, and
people crowd them at all hours, often to the danger point.
Children, we are told by thc children's judge, arc seduced
by them into crime, stealing llie entrance money. It is the
Impressions left on childhood that form the life. The sermon leaves practically no impression except that of sleepiness or of pain in the inward part. To the film the young
mind is still alive, and its impressions will pass into the
life. Every care is taken of what the preacher shall teach.
He goes through long years of training, lie is bound by
standards which he undertakes nol lo depart from, lie is
under lhe discipline of church courts if he transgresses.
The film is devised so as to be as highly spiced as permissible. Ils material is war and crime and off-colored marital events,   Where it is meant to be educational it is in
Countries like Canada almost exclusively a foreign education lhat it gives It is purveyed chiefly by foreigners
who are in no wise in touch with the moral sense of our
community, or at least of what our community was before
it became largely foreign. It is advertised in the newspapers, and these in return find no fault with it. They laud
it to the skies, ll has guardians lo be sure. Tbe govem-
meulmenl appoints a board of censors, who forbid anything positively disgraceful or anything that comes under
some broad rule of expurgation, but who are under lhe
terror of all censors, namely, that the condemnation of a
play or a film as indecent greatly increases ils popularity
and draws In its active or passive defence lhe press, the
actors and Ihe authors who are fairly sure, by implication or by open protest lo condemn the veto as prudery.
Such then, are two of the forces which go lo lhe making tti
the generation lhat is to manage the world a quarter of a
century hence. Tbe question arises, what is to be done
about it? Little is gained by denunciations. Tbe path of
expurgation is a difficult one. Something is being done
by taking the edge off the film appetite by the free exhibitions of wholesome performances. Something better by
providing Wholesome amusements summer and winter.
Die church cannot enter into competition with the theatre
nnd the press in following the lead of the popular taste.
It is charged with forming a popular taste that vvill throw
oil ihe disease germs which pervade tbe moral atmosphere. Is ii doing all it can and should to brace soul and
body against morbid and enfeebling influences?-���Witness.
AS to patronage, I have been thirty-four years in public
life; I have been a pretty close student of political
parties and political history in this country, and I
have simply this to say���I give il as my individual opinion
���tllat in the whole course of my political life I cannot
point lo a single instance where political patronage ever
iclped the status of the bench, ever helped the status of
the Civil Service, ever helped in the economy of their administration the status of public administrators, no matter
what functions they performed, never helped a member of
Parliament in reality, never helped a Government in reality; it almost always causes the dry rot and disintegration
lhat break up government after government and party after party, and I wish now, iu the white heat and light of
tllis great contest and struggle and the self-sacrifice that
we are called upon to make, that we might speak from the
hearl out, and that hereafter patronage shall not be applied
by political parties in the construction of our public works.
Now, that is a frank admission. Some may say to me that
1 have no right to make it. I presume upon my grey beard
and thirty-four years in public life, and I make that statement for what it is worth. I vvill just append to that one
single sentence, and it is this: that if there is any laxity in
the public virtue of this country today, if there is any canker of public corruption, in ninety-nine cases out of a hundred you can trace il to the baleful effect of political party
patronage.���Sir George Poster.
IT might be asked whether the pulpit or tbe films exercise the greatest influence over the mind of the people.
There is the question as to which gets most attention
whether from the rising or the risen generation. The pulpit still answers to thc lament of the ancient prophet������
"Thou art unto them as a very familiar song." The people
attend���if they do attend���once or even twice on Sunday,
out of habit, and go away discussing the voice of the soloist, or criticising the anthems, or finding fault with some
AT REGULAR INTERVALS during the past four or
five years there have been rumors of the immediate construction of the "finest theatre building on the Pacific
Coast" in Vancouver. These ambitious schemes ended in
a promoter's dream and never reached tbe brick and mortar
stage. Now the proprietor of a local vaudeville house
announces the erection of a theatre which will be a real
building and a credit to tbe city.
* * *
Tllh: DISPUTE BETWEEN the advocates of the Wednesday and Saturday half-holiday is a mere matter of time.
* * *
THE SHELL CONTRACTS investigation at Ottawa is
becoming highly explosive and a heavy list of casualties
is expected.
* * *
A GERMAN CRUISER named lhe Seydlilz was sunk In
lhe recent naval battle. A shell probably struck the Seld-
litz powder magazine.
�� * *
as to which  part of the  ring he will throw his hat this
* * *
\ NAVAL BATTLE which both combatants claim tr>
have won is a real "Famous Victory."
* * ���
PREMIER BOWSER HAS his own troubles constructing
a constructive policy that will appeal to the electors, and
readjusting a cabinet of misfits.
* * *
BV VIRTUE OK his training. Dr. McGuire will have the
strongest pull in lhe new provincial cabinet.
* * *
SHOULD TIIE GREEKS cast in tlieir lot with Germany
there will be hundreds of pusbless push carts, shineless
shoe simps, mid eatless eating houses throughout Canada.
* * *
WE II W'E ALL heard of "Brewster's Millions," and now
Mr. Brewster is after Bowser's Millions.
* * *
IN  THE  INNER  circle,  P.  G.  E. is said to stand for
"Pure Graft Easy."
* * *
UNDER THE ELEVEN' a.m. license regulations, thirsty
seekers after "eye-openers" will have to apply to the blind
* * *
AT THE ANNUAL inspection of the police force in tlieir
new summer harness the other day, it was the unanimous
verdict of the spectators that they looked "bully." SATURDAY, JUNE 10, 1916
if:;;;,''::���������: ; ��� mssm ��� siiiiiiiiie
Investors seeking safety together with an attractive interest
yield should investigate the merits of B. C, Municipal Bonds which
return from 6 per cent, to 7 1-8 per cent. Their desirability is
shown by the demand for them. Consult our Bond Dept, in person
or by letter.
Canadian Financiers Trust  Company
Head Office:  839 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B.C.
PATRICK  DONNELLY, General Manager.
;,':,,,:. ' "  amm
- :
2 Northern Securities Limited \
Established 1906
Seymour 1574
We can cover your risk in sound and reliable British
and American companies
 Manager   B
.. I;.!,.  llilllIllliililillfM
Ni    '������'. ';':V'*,r::ry|';::yy:   ���'':''''::;'���:;'������'''        ',-
Vancouver to New Westminster   j
in less than 1
Three-Quarters of a Minute
This is the pace you travel when you use two-
number telephone service ��� "two-number" is
direct from one number to another, while you
The average time from the removal of the
calling number's receiver until the called number
answers is 44.8 seconds.
If your time means anything to you, use this
service. ,.   ?   \ j -��..',
Blilllllllliililllillillillilllilliliii 111    . ��� i II ilJBl!li!l!!l��ll!!!i!IIIIIi!B
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Lines
C. E. Jenney, G. A. P. D.
Phone l Sey. 8134
W. G. Connolly, C. P. F. A.
S27 Granville Street
We bine al various times discussed
matters pertaining to thc future ere
dii of the Province.    "\lthougli a huge
diiiiii of nur four millions was forecasted in the estimates during the recent session, a:nl our guaranteed railroad obligations are being presented
for payment in gold coin, yet there
appears to be a more serious aspect,
which may mildly be termed "incompetent management." ��� -The fact that
thc Governmeni has paid out thc en-
liri- proceeds of sabs of guaranteed
bonds to the Pacific (beat Eastern
Railway contrary to law, and without
any attempl i" safeguard the interests
of the Province, is in itself sufficient
to ruin the credit thereof. But to arrange to pay interest on behalf of the
railway promotion, and arrange to
lend it six millions in addition, lo bc
paid to the directors who are the
contractors, and incidentally the holders of $25,000,000 of slock, ior which
they appear to have paid nothing,
seems like a knockout blow. It certainly is not business ��� it scarcely
seems like sanity. The Government
proposes to borrow this six million,
and the large American banking houses to whom it. must look for the money, must have grave misgivings regarding our ability to handle nur own
W'e are privileged to quote in part
a communication received by a local
financial concern, from the Chicago
office of a large Eastern banking
house with offices in Xew York, Clii-
eau.ii and Eastern Canada, in reference
to lhe $10,000,000 loan which the Province  plans  to   secure  and   which   has
ingle Pot
company, by certificate, to offer bond,
for sale, am! forbid the offer ol pre
ference stock, Or ii may refuse to
sanction thc offer of I onds to the
public, while agreeing to the sale of
preference stock or commi n stock, or
both. The Commission has very wide
powers. It dues not attempt (������ in-
tcrfere ��ith Government In mis, or
stocks duly listed on the Exchanges,
11. after examination, thc Board refuses to issue a certificate the ���oth-
pany may not offer securities of unkind lo the public, nor may such be
dealt in by agents, imr advertised li r
sale on behalf of thc company,     ll  i
an  offence  for  publishers  or editors'"'" government  operation  are  moved j f|j,,!<.*jfiflfI   Arlvprtisina
.���ither   by   politic., ,lives   pure   and     VldbSH ICU   ttaVeill'MIlg
Always Mined by Union
White Labor
Coast Lumber & Fuel Co., Ltd.
Phone Fair. 2500    Phone High. 226    Phone Fraser 41
to  advertise   such   stocks,  when   Ihey
have been refused by the board.
The Sale of Shares Act was iii force
iu Manitoba when the oil   boom in the
s mple, or a fear that private management will some way or other net lhe
in this matter, and decided that these
.stncks were imt good enough for the
public of Manitoba. Therefore the
board refused lo admit any of the oil
companies. The result is that hundreds oi thousands nf dollars were
saved  by  Manitoba  investors.
Those in charge of the new Alberta
act, which appears tn be modelled almost exactly on the Manitoba statute, arc given authority to exact an
annual statement from any company.
If a corporation nets into such a position thai its liabilities appear to be
greater than its assets, the board may
practically order the company to be
wound up. If a company, while in
operation, does not appear to be conducting a lair and honest business, tbe
I'ublic Utility Commissioners are giv-
Seedsmen, florists, Nurserymen, 48
Calearv   re-ion ,-,������.   -,l���������        Th, privirte individuals the benefits which       Seedsmen, florists,  INurserym
c ,,,' ,ir\     reglOll l.lllll     along,           1 lie ' Hastintre   <?t     F      and   78?   Cr
Manitoba  board used  ih���,'r  i���,l,,,,���.m ��hou  ' '""   divided with   the   genera        Hastings bt.  L., and  /���� Or.
.M.oiuiiii.1  no.irii iiireii  nieir judgment       ,  .       ,,.          . Street.  Vancouver,  B.  C.
public    Ther,���  is  hardly  a  man   whi
makes even a pretense oi urging that
government operation would be       r    ,.0,000 WATCHES and CLOCKS
irogressive   or        '   , , , .  ..
economic; i or more i
belter in any way than private management, lines nnt this fact in itself
hilp tn ans\ cr the question that is
before ihe Canadian people? It ought
"If a  commission  of experts is  t" I
wantec to clean and repair at the
factory, 438 RICHARDS STREET.
Jewelry, etc.    A quiet, respectable,
'citable   place   to   borrow   money.
In-  appointed   to   study  the   Canadian       Old gold bought.    Established 1905.
railroad  situation  the commissioners      Star Loan Co- 812 Hastings West.
should bear in mind that the question
in the Grand Trunk Pacific and Canadian Northern cases is not whether
government ownership is a good thing
,,r not but whether private management or government operation is
jimre likely to create something for
anyone to own."
been  authorised  at   the  past   session, j eil   power  fo  investigate  and  ti
The letter reads as follows:
"There seems to be a more or less
general impression here and in tiie
eastern part of the United States
that British Columbia has been borrowing money rather too freely and
has authorised loans for rather un
tile- concern otlt of the way .\iiich
may bc accomplished at nny time by
iln- cancellation ol the certificate entitling the company to do business
am! to .-ell stock. There in. various
penalties imposed mi coKip.iii) officers  for  failing   to   file     lhe    annual
usual and perhaps unnecessary pur-   statement,   lor  l.'.ilurc   t
poses. W'e therefore feel that quite
likely the loan in question would
not be  well  received   in  the   United
St in inutile board and secure ii> assent before
embarking on any new programme of
financing. The attempt of ah agent
States, and it is doubtful whether ("to sell slock without securing his ]i-
we will be interested in making ajlJJ cense also carries a penalty,
bids for the bonds." ��� ��� ���
This  stale   of affairs  calls   for   men |
lit the helm who are loyal enough to   CANADA'S   RAILROAD  SITUA-
Stove away.   We handle castings and
repairs   to  fit  any  stove  or  range.���
FRANKS, 44 Water Street.
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc,
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.
British Columbia in forget politics for
thc meantime and who will bend their
energies to economical and business
administration of lhe affairs nf this
Although there is little or im company promotion taking place at present in British Columbia, it is well remembered by most Vancouver people
TION���A  New York View
In discussing the Canadian Railway
matters, the RAILWAY AGE GAZETTE nl' New Ynrk. says:
"It narrows down, therefore, to a
choice of continuing to advance money
or ni government ownership" and operation. As a matter of fact, however,
there is nothing, nr nearl* nothing,
for lhe government to own at present.
I'lie equity in either ihc Grand Trunk
that several years ago thc Province .Pacific or Canadian .Northern after
was over-run will; promoters and creditors'claims is nil. Whether such
stock salesmen of every description an equity will he created in ihe in-
of  fake   company   promotion,      The  une  depends  mi  ihe  growth  of  the
stock  of  worthless  mining,  oil,   coal,
trust, loan, real estate, dock schemes.
country am! wisdom ami foresight in
ihe management and development of
Poultry Supplies, Hay, Grain  and Feed
PHONES: Fairmont 186���878
Fraser 175 and Collingwood 153
Wm Jennie bo., Limited
1138 HOMER ST.    -   I   VANCOUVER
Phone Highland 137
Grandview Hospital
VANCOUVER     -     B.C.
Medical : Surgical  : Maternity
Rates  from  $15.00  per week
and every other conceivable kind of the two railroad properties. The ijues
companies, including even ihe famous tion, therefore, i as to whether go\-
Cocos Island Treasure, were loaded [ernmenl operation or private manage-
off on the gullible public bj ihe hoi jment will mosl quickly develop this
air vendor who talked profits in six potential equity, li is illuminating to
figures and dividends iu three,    li is sec thai even ihe strongest advocates
generally believed thai legitimate min-   	
ing iu Ihis Province will see greal pin- ,
gress in the immediate future, and iln'
law makers nf British Columbia I
should see to it that some legislation |
is brought into effect In keep mil lhe i
wildcatter and protect thc investor
iu general.
Blue sky legislation is now in force
in the Province of Alberta. The legislature there bas passed what is known
as Tbe Sale of Shares Act. mi the
pattern ol" the act which has proven
to be such a safeguard in Manitoba.
Under thc provisions of this act. no
person may indiscriminately offer to
the public for sale, securities such a- j
bonds or stocks. The act provides
a regular programme which the company promoter or officer must go
through ere he can legally appeal lo
the public to back bis enterprise, lie
must file with the hoard of Public li-
ility Commissioners all Ihe information which is on hand regarding the
company, together with a memorandum as to bow it expects to carry
on business. An itemised financial
statement and copies of all contracts
into which the company has entered
must be presented. Xo one has authority to offer stock for sale to the
public until be has firsl secured an
agent's license from tlie Commission.
When the Commission has investigated tbe promotion, a certificate entitling tbe company to sell its bonds or
stock, or both, may be issued. The
Commission   may  authorise    a     new
Phone Seymour 9086
for the safety of your valuables
and Documents.
A   Private  Box
in our  Safety Vault.
$2.50 Per Annum
$150 CASH
Through their representative
going to the War, the famous
Australian firm of Trewhellas
want to immediately quit 6
(SIX)  of their world-renowned
Tree and Stump Grubbers
$150   EACH   CASH
for the full equipment, which
was selling at $200 before the
big rise in materials. Otherwise���we are instructed to return them to Australia if NOT
OPPORTUNITY for anyone
wanting the world's best clearing machinery.
Send CASH $150 and Order
Now to
The Campbell
Storage Co., Ltd.
Snapshot outviile ,,,,. r������m |n ,,hirh the Royal Inquiry into fnnr <*ontrnrt�� 1�� feeing mntlc nt Ottawa. ahonlns
Ccnernl Sir Alevnnil.r Bertram (left! In conversation "ith Central Sir Sam Hughes. On the right Is Sir Henry Drayton, chairman of the Board ol Rallsra?' Commissioner* IIH'K
What We are Fighting For
���^i   Notes ol an Address delivered at a   Recruiting   Service   in   West-
^^       minster  Presbyterian  Church, Vancouver, by Rev, J. Richmond
')"> natural thai we
* ���'' 11 iiiin- oi nati
present, What ;,,
Inn   "i   read  ovei
names such  a.* are on  tli
rolls of our  country  we cai
impiire.   win   all   ihis din  of  war  an,
martial  strife,  and  why .ire  men  si
j Ig and strong and noble, eager li
join ihe fray,    There is sural)  some
comfort   to   those  oi  us   who  know
some of these brave bids, in thinking
luy  have  elected to engage  in
this   stupendous   world   war.     llritain
was noi compelled to go to the aid of
All   lhal   ever   our   country
io France was six divisions
iicn.    She was not in honor
end one single soldier more
��� stayed mil of the war
might  have  been���as
musl have been���if she
had left Belgium and France and European  liberty   to  iheir  doom,    But
utile] have  done this.    Few na-
are   without   disgrace,   without
- [20,000
he could ha
'isgraced  sl
rilons iliinl,
she   c
nt!v. ,i.
no sacrifice ion exacting, if we are in
earnest in ibis matter. For while we
arc teaching  ihe German nation the
greatest   lesson   il     has     ever     been
taught,  or  ever  will  be  taught���and
she,   io".   is   paying  heavily   for  her
schooling,  over  lour millions  of  her
bravest sons have fallen in the struggle���He are also learning the  higher
meaning of honor.    God's judgments
are abroad  iu  lhe earth at  this time,
and   ii   is   incumbent  upon   us  as  a
Christian people to consider also how
we stand before high Heaven and our
own    neighbors,    and    with    humble
hearts learn lhe lessons of war.    Our
sense of national honor may be very
acute, and it is a good thing that such
a thing is so.    Is our individual sense
of honor as acute and sensitive. Have
we. as men and women privileged to
lay the foundations of a new country.
sought to transplant the Christian vir
tiles   for   which  our  nation   is  justly
renowned into this fair and far wist?
Do the records of our sojourn  here
bear witness to this fact?   I think that
the    majority    of    you     will    agree
with   me   that   we   have   not    been
as    vigilant    or    energetic     in     this
matter    as    we    might    have    been.
We  have  bad  so  many  rumors    of
Royal    Commissions    and    inquiries,
etc.. that a stranger in our gates might
well inquire,  "Are these people really
as honorable and honest as they get
credit for being? It may be that in the
bustle  and   whirl  of  new   conditions,
we    have    swung    somewhat    from
the  plumb-line.    The  sensitive   edge
of   national   and   individual   integrity
may   have   become   slightly   blunted.
And so,  if this great war,  by  taking
from us (for a short time we hope I
our fathers and brothers and sons, will
swing   us   back   to  the  old   paths   of
memories they would fain
iterate.    Britain was not attacked,
���ranee  and   Russia    were    attacked
Britain 'lii "tlUtKeil, j - 6      ��*��     iy����_rv      iu     mc     un
rain might have withstood the on-   righteousness and truth, it will, I am
mfahtwT*! 'S ,"T d0,"g"    She -we, not have been altogether a cal-
"I" me, 1.        husbanded  her  resources amity.     And   so,   as   our   friends   go
stood el'-      T    ���'           m'sht ''ave forth to fight, let us remember that
a   and waited until the .trick- they are taking a part in God's great
then SEXe for fa    ath'        '^ '" ",iS Str"Sg,e '" ,ibertjr *""
Cook at the Table with an
Electric Grill Stove
This Week Only
Used   with   the   GRILL   STOVE   OVENETTE
brings you all the convenience of the electric range
Carrall and Hastings 1138 Granville
canteens, there was no place which
then men could use for a social centre, and practically no facilities for
writing, -reading or having a game of
The 0, C. heartily welcomed lhe
offer of the Y. M. C. 'A. officials to
establish a V. V. C, A. military blanch
to serve the social, physical and religious needs of the men in camp but
stated  that  as   everi   building   in  the
grounds was required for Military purposes oil acco  nl of the clouded 1011-
(1 it ion. ii would be necessary to erect
a special buiid'ng. or fix up a  large
marquee  as  a   V.   M.  C.   A.   centre.
The Y. M, C. A. committee undertook
to build permanently without delay.
With the co-operation of the local it-uurciiiences during the cold, wet and
hurches,   tbe   lumber   and   hardware   stormy days and night
Camp, Victoria, was reopened ami an
experienced secretary placed in charge
lo carry on tbe same all rom: I programme of beueficietit sendee for llie
men of thai camp.
After lhe overcoming of a fen' serious difficulties about suitable accommodation,  the  Fine Arts  Building in
the   Exhibition   Grounds at   Hastings
Park,   Vancouver,  was  secured   Im'  a
new   Y.   M.  C,  A.  military    branch,
equipped  and  operated  in   November
last year lo serve lhe men of lhe ('2nd
and 72nd battalions located there.    In
this    commodious    ami    comfortable
building, healed with four large slows
. the   Vancouver  boys   were   welcomed
jand warmed and provided with social
I conveniences dur'
our great and glorious country
did  nol  do so.    She  has thrown  her
Indent into the scale.   She lias thrown
her  sword   into   the   scale.    She  has
thrown her gold into the scale.    She
has  thrown  into  the  great  struggle
all  her impressive  racial  record,  her
unrivalled  diplomatic skill,  her  prestige, and the whole  puissance of her
gigantic   Empire.     The   outposts   of
the realm, as well as the centres  of
the   same,   have   responded,   and   are
responding lo ihc clarion call to arms
with an alacrity and devotion that has
staggered humanity
And all fin
honor. -]^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^_
If we punish the great war lord for
his arrogance and high-blown pride,
iu blindly refusing to recognise the
bond of his country and other countries, we are also seeking to make our
battle songs anathamas on those of
our own kith and kin who, for selfish
ends and greed of gain, would trample
in the mire of material and mercenary
machinations, our noblest and most
treasured traditions.
Contending  for   Great  Principles
iject of our fighting
simply   military
'I he nvowei
'""   "'d*   lime   is   imt
fame  and   chivalrou;
day of tliat k
at kind of fighting has
passed into history.   True, we are upholding traditions, but those that we
seel; to uphold are greater and grander hy far than those which nations in
ihe past fought t" maintain, hears of
not allure the true Itriton at
. althpugh even in these, lei
.i.   Britons  stand  where   Bri-
e   always   stood,     Wc   have
of mir courage and bravery,
ri'lll deeds  ill  ihc  North Sea
Our sires handed these down
many  a   well   fought   field,   and
e proud  i"  think  lhat from  (he
ilistani parts of our world wide
ion-, there have gone our fath-
rothers,  sweethearts and  sons,
.  their in'oviess and daring have
;' i ii mosl valiantly an kind and
noblest traditions of our race,
are contending lor a principle���
its ol" a principle, of the liberty
individual  against  the despot-
ihe stale.     Wc  arc  free.    We
free, in  the truest sense
ml by the efforts of the
ami the .strenuous exer-
are at home, we shall
ihc fl
ol   tig
ism  iif lhe
must remain
of Ihe word.
men in kha'k
lions of all wli
remain ire
has g' ne r
melted,  wi
ol* surrendering   _. ,.-..���..m
fish  In ii'ii birthright of freedom.
National and Individual Integrity
This liberty of which we speak, and
of which wc are so proud, is inseparably u rapped up in British honor. We
seek to maintain this at all costs. We
vI'i'iiii'iiiIrt the story of "The
\pcr." | It is history now.    But
To Keep the Home Inviolate
But we might philosophise for hours
on  the  principles  and  traditions  for
which we fight.    They arc dear to us
and are worth protecting.    But when
we face the fact of war, and sec Belgium devastated    by    the    rapacious
Hun, and almost hear the wail of her
orphans and widows, and think of all
the horrible cruelties of this war that
mir  "cultured"  Germans  have  perpetrated,  we  remember that we at  this
time arc fighting for our national life:
���our very existence.   And all our life-
is  bound  up   in   our  home,   for  our
homes are to us the rallying grounds
of nearly all the social virtues. Voung
men  may  find  il    difficult    to    give
a reason for the national hope that is
in them, if asked to state the  principles for which Ihey light. Hut ihey can
1 always answer any argument  in  that
line   by  stating  that "We. Fight  for
Home."      That  embraces everything
that a Briton holds dear.    Our homes
are   the   corner-stones    of  our  slate.
Our  nation  is built up oil its hollies.
And a  nation  is strong or weak, according  to  the  strength or weakness
of lhe  home force.    And so wc seek
to  protect our birthright by all  the
means   in   our   power.      The   happy
Soldier, rest! thy warfare o'er,
I    Sleep   the   sleep   that    knows     in
Dream of battled fields no more,
Days of danger, nights of waking
In our island's ocean hall,
Hands unseen thy couch are strewing,
Fairy strains of music fall,
Every sense  in  slumber  dewing.
Soldier, rest! thy warfare o'er,
Dream of fighting fields no more;
Sleep the sleep that knows no waking,
Morn of toil nor night of waking.
r No rude sound shall reach  thine car.
'     Armour's clang, or war-steed champing,
Trump nor pibroch summon near,
Mustering clan, or squadron tramping.
Guards  nor  warders  challenge  here,
Here's    no    war-steed's    neigh    and
Shouting clans, or squadron's stamping.
\'o rude sound shall reach thine car.
' -Soldier, rest!
To Maintain the Religion of Our
���Vot until the las*, man
1 'he last jewel has been
wc  ever  begin  to think
the imperishable Bri-
homes  of   Britain   must ever  remain   He
And  if  we fight for our homes wc
fight for  the  religion  that  has  made
thjese   homes   what   they   are.     Tin
Hun would have us adopt a new religion, the religion of force; that might
is right.    But we stubbornly refuse to
worship any  new  Cod.    The  God  of
our   lathers   will   still   be   our   guide.
We may have wandered far from the
old idea of Hod.    We admit we have.
In this new land, we have worshipped
the Gods of the land.   They were not
so  exacting,   so   we   thought.     Their
priests were not so stern and upright
in   the   presentation   of  truth   as   the
priests of the God of our fathers.    But
our God  moves in a mysterious way
his wonders to perform, and now we
find   ourselves   compelled   lo   humble
ourselves  before   Him  and  return  lo
Him, with confession of our sins, that
He might  wait lo be gracious to us.
And so in tbis hour of trial and tribulation   we   find   ourselves   fighting
<iur way back to God.   And "They never   sought   in   vain   lhat   sought   lhe
Lord aright."   Who would doubt lhat
God has brought us as a nation lo tbis
hour that  we  may  be  the  executors
of His holy plans and purpose for the
enrichment and blessing of humanity.
The whole world today needs the sovereignty of God manifested in a striking manner and through all  this war
happy if the nation is to be preserved.
Our Mother's kingdom was tliere and
her power radiates from the family
hearth, the natural focus of her highest strength, and gifts and ambitions,
and bids us fight to maintain and
shield that great anchorage of a man's
soul.    The   Huns   would  despoil     it
and   would   trample   it    under    their
iron  i    i    ��, """cr    tneir I ...R  urn   ivaji  uaw  io me ev;
iron  heel.    Ihey would dishonor our   Jesus   Christ-the   old   gospel   of   re-
sweethearts and wives and sisters and   demption  through  thc  Cross  of  Cal-
^j&sss^sz dvary- w< -*** ��- -"-
is asserting His supremacy in the
| hearts and lives of individuals and
nations. Through our fighting this
end may be obtained, and the return
of any people to the old ways and old
paths ol" the Lord is with contrite
hearts and expectant souls. This altitude is the sure precursor of a quickening of spiritual life. We are fighting our way back  to  the evangel of
where. But in Britain they never
shall. For no true Briton has yet been
scrap of born and reared in that great human
y now. But it is nest who will not give his life's blood
ur history we do not wish to keep it inviolate. It may be hum-
That little piece of paper bic, it may be in the crowded streets
ir country almost seventy  of a great teeming city, or in some
day  for   over   twenty-two   - ��������- ���       ���
��.has cost us thousands of
may cost us millions
""���willing to pay the
is too great, and
sequestered vale, and far from the
madding crowd, but it is Home, and
by all the might and force of our
country we shall protect it. And so
we fight, and fight to win. I
through long lanes of "cultured" brutality and vice to the only place where
our old world, weary and worn
with war, can ever hope to enjoy
brotherly love, kindness and compassion for all her suffering, and that is
under the kindly shadow of the Cross.
There, firm upon a sure foundation, we can lift up our eyes with the
assurance that, as we strive, the
world's   redemption     draweth     nigh.
. opening of the war tlic gov
eminent    found    the    Voung 'Men's
Christian   Association   with   men   and
equipment which could be utilized for
service among the troops, and called
upon  it  to  take  its  place among  thc
country's fighting forces.    The association responded to the call and has
been found ready and able to meet the
demands   lhat  have  been   made  upon
it.    The  measure of lhe association's
achievement  may  be  guaged  by  the
fact  that  more  secretaries  are  today
engaged  iu  lhe  work  of the  military
service department alone than there
were general secretaries  in  the associations of Ihc whole of Canada when
the war commenced.
The  militia  department  has  given
generous help and co-operation in the
promotion   of   the   work   among   the
troops.    The military work of lhe association   has   so  justified   itself  that
it  has been extended from the home
camps to the camps in  England, and
I into lhe very front line of trenches in
| France ami Belgium. In addition    of
ficers commanding internment
have   asked   for   association
among  their men  and
work is being carried
camps.        Twenty-seven
secretaries   have   been   granted   commissions and been attached as officers
for Y. M. C. A. service among    the
boys in khaki overseas.
The work of thc military service department of the Y. M. C. A. may no
longer be considered to be the task
of one particular institution alone, but
rather in the light of a great national
service organization, taking its place
in the social, physical and religions
service of the men in much the same
manner as docs the Red Cross in relation to the medical service.
Tbe first military branch of the Y.
M. C. A. in British Columbia was established at Victoria in November,
1914. At that time there would be
about 2,000 men located at the Willows Camp for training, including the
30th battalion C. E. F��� the 2nd C.
M. R.'s, 50th Gordon Highlanders,
and the Stb Garrison Canadian Field
Artillery.    Excepting two regimental
companies, the Daughters of tbe Em
pire and the City V  M. (.'  A.  officia's,
a Y. M. C. A. but. 100 feel by .10 feet.
was completed and equipped in about
two weeks.    As soon as the building
was opened, the men swarmed in and
it soon became evident lhal it would
have been belter economy to have erected a larger place.    At one end of
the  but a  platform  for concerts,  lectures   and   sing   songs   was   fixed   up
ami a piano was placed tliere  by  the
kindness of one of  the ladies  of  the
I.  O,  D.  E.    At the other end  a  refreshment booth was arranged to provide light refreshments from 8 a.m. to
10   p.m.     Tables   with   facilities     for
writing,   reading   and   playing   games
were  placed around  the  building and
about 300 chairs were kept on  band
for meetings.
Throughout the winter months of
1914-15 a splendid series of social,
educational and religious events were
held in this hut for the benefit of the
men in the camp, all of which were arranged by the secretary in charge in
co-operation with the different musical and church organizations of tbe
City of Victoria.
When the troops moved to Vernon
last summer thc military service department of the Y. M. C, A. was prepared with equipment and experienced
leaders to meet the greater demands
and thc large opportunity for service which was required there. In
three large marquees facilities for
writing, reading, participating in all
kinds of table
of t
ie severe
writing pa-
nds o:
of Y.  M.
fto serve the (liferent  units now located at  Hastings
'-**'    and   will   continue   so   long  as
we have just conic through.
Mr. E. S. Whittaker, the genial and
experienced V. M. C. A. secretary in
charge, arranged attractive, helpful
and most enjoyable programmes four
or five nights each week and kept the
men well supplied wilh
magazines, library books
per ami envoi .pes. and all kinds
table games. This branch
C. A. work continues
Park _
there are soldiers training there.
Two months after the opening of
the Vancouver Hastings Park branch,
suitable accommodation was secured
iu the camp al Queen's Park. Xew
Westminster, lor another military V.
M. C. A., and under the direction of
Mr. R, S. Koiier, the similai
all round programme of he
vice was started for the i
121st and 131st battalions
there.    This   work ^^
and  has  been  growing in  popularity
and helpfulness right along.
In addition to (he work carried on
hy the branches at Victoria, Vancouver and New Westminster,
lave been rendered ti
outside the reach
elpful   scr-
men of the
ls ffoing on  now
Jtaincs, postal services,
light refreshments were to be found,
while a full programme of indoor and
outdoor events was carried on efficiently.
All experienced secretary, Mr.  R. C,
Horn, who is now Capt. Horn, overseas with lhe soldiers as a Y. M. C. A,
secretary, arranged all kinds of helpful  indoor  meetings,  while   Mr.  G.   I.
Sovereign,   an   experienced     physical
director,   related   himself  to   lhe  outdoor  events,   promoting  all    outdoor I
games    and    intcr-buttflliou    athletic
events and meets as well as supplying
much of the equipment  required  for
football,  baseball,  ring quoits and all
classes   of  other   sporting  outfit   for
outdoor sports.
The  work id' lhe  Y.  M. ('.  A, in a
camps  camp  such as  that at  Vernon  is  of
service   the  greatest  importance,  as  lhe  men
prisoners, and  are removed from thc home eiiviron-
ill in many such   ment  and  the  city  conveniences  and
association   have  few
different units
f these  buildings.
leading ami writing rooms have been
provided for the men of the I58th bat-
lalion  on   Dunsmuir  Street,  and   llu
Western  U**!
niversity battalion at Fair-
��ttneouver      .1,1,1
books and  "' '     miB���>"*t
sent   to
Ci dwell,
writing material have been
Comox consigned to Capt.
the   chaplain   of   the    102nd
battalion  for the use of the men
that rather isolated unit
al Council of the ",
The Xation-
^^^^^^^^^_, . . M. C. A. was hindered in establshiiig a military branch
at Cmiiox chiefly through lack of sufficient  financial  resources.
This   splendid   work   has   been   financed so far by lhe cily X. M. C. A.'s
and contributions from the churches,
Y. P. societies, ihe I. O. I). E.. regimental funds and public subscription.
The committees in charge are  now
planning  a  greater  expenditure  than
ever  before   to adequately  handle   lb,'
opportunity for sendee in the summer
camps at  Vernon, and on  the  Island.
Additional marquees are much  needed, and il  is planned to have moving
picture  and    stereoptican    machines,
and two gramophones, and other musical instruments, all kinds of outdoor
sporting outfits and a large supply of
library books, magaziu
'ther adequate and healthy  teriaHndT' """"^l"?8' S9��"M��m
means of pceuping this leisure lime. ''" "':''",Cr of
With the co-operation of local chur
 k. ���. parlor and table games. Friends who would like
to support Ihis work by giving donations of equipment or cash are cordially invited to communicate with
Geo. E. Winter, treasurer,  Bank-
dies, some support from visitors, and
the organizing and utilizing of the
talent in the different battalions, a
strong, attractive and helpful programme of events was
during the summer training period
The Y. M. C. A. service in this
camp last summer was so much needed and so well done that it received
the unqualified commendation of commanding officers and the very hearty   ,
support and appreciation of the N. C, | SE%R^NG^*����* L^ORA0E    &
. , of  Ottawa   Building,     or    Mr    T    r*
maintained j Yates   V   M   r   \       ���, J"   G*
period ,V,' " m,I,,ar>" **<"retary
period.      i for Vancouver district, at Y. M  C   \
Cambie Street, or Y. M. rj. A , Hastings Park.
officers and mcfl^^^^^^^^^^^^���
When some of the troops returned
to the winter barracks and other battalions were formed and located at
Vancouver, Victoria and New Westminster last fall, the National Committee of the Y. M. C. A. planned to
open military branches at each of
these centres.
The Y. M. C. A. hut at the Willows
the expiration of one mouth's continuous publication of this Notice in tlic llritish Columbia
Gazelle ami in thc \*a'icouver Standard, the
above-iyum-d Security Fireproof Storage &
Moving: Company Limited, whose registered
office is situate at No. 786 llcalty Street, in
the City of Vancouver. H.C.. intends to
apply to thc Registrar of .Idiyi Stock Companies to change its narie to, and adopt the
name of Campbell's Security Fireproof Storage
& Moving Company Limited.
DATED this 3rd day of May, A. D. 1916.
Solicitors for the said Company, SATURDAY, JUNE 10, 1910
Vancouver Women's Work
Woman Suffrage
In view ot the recent visit of Mrs.
Pankhurst, the following brief history
of suffrage is Interesting,
Ninety years ago there wasn't any
place in the world where w en could
vote except at a few places in Europe
where they voted ai municipal elections,    Progressive Sweden was one
of these places,
In the 40 years from 1830 to IN/":!.
women were given full suffrage in
Wyoming, municipal suffrage in England, Finland, Victoria ami New Smith
Wales, and school suffrage in Kentucky, Kansas and Ontario.
In the 20 years from 1870 to 1890,
TTjf.icn were given municipal .suffrage
ill Kansas. Scotland, New Zealand.
South and West Australia, Tamania.
Iceland. Nova Scotia, Quebec, British
Columbia and tin- Northwest Territory, and school suffrage in Michigan.
Minnesota. Colorado. New Hampshire. Oregon, Massachusetts, Xew
York, Vermont, Nebraska, North and
South Dakota, Molilalia, Arizona, Oklahoma and New Jersey, and full suffrage in the Isle of Man. In Montana taxpayillg women were given a
vide upon all questions submitted lo
In the 20 years from 1890 lo 1910,
women were given full suffrage in
Colorado, Idaho, Utah, Norway, Finland, New Zealand, South and West
Australia. Tasmania, Queensland.
Victoria and Xew South Wales, and
municipal suffrage in Ireland. Denmark and the province of Vorarlbcrg
(Austrian Tyrol), and school suffrage
in Illinois, Connecticut, Ohio. Delaware and Wisconsin. lu Louisana
and Michigan, and in all towns and
villages of Xew York state, taxpayillg women were given a vote on questions of local taxation, lu Iowa and
Kansas women were given a vote on
bonding propositions, and in Minnesota a vote for library trustees. In
France, women engaged in trade were
given a vote for Judges of the tribunals of commerce, and in Belgium the
women were given a vote for the
Conseils des Prudhomnies.
From 1910 up to and including' the
early part of 1916, women were given
full suffrage in California. Washington, Kansas, Oregon, Arizona, ��� Montana, Alaska, Iceland, Denmark, Manitoba and Bosnia; municipal and presidential suffrage in Illinois; municipal
suffrage in South Africa, in Laibach
(Austria), Baroda (India) and Belize
(Honduras); and school suffrage'in
New Mexico. Women taxpayers were
given a vote upon bonding propositions in all the third-class cities of
New York state. The Kingdom of
Wurtemberg gave women engaged in
agriculture a vote for members of
thc chamber of agriculture, and individual cities in several states gave
women a vote on local questions.
;���   *   *
That Old-New Ostrich Plume
White ostrich plumes look almost
like new after the following treatment: Dissolve four ounces of white
soap in one gallon of water and add
one ounce of powdered borax. Pass
the plumes repeatedly through the
fingers in tllis solution unvil clean.
Crive two rinsings, and let them Stand
five minutes in two quarts of warm
water to which one teaspoonful of
oxalic acid and one tablespoonful of
acetic acid bas been added. If they
arc still yellow lay them for a few
hours in a peroxide of hydrogen bath
(one part to ten parts water).  Rinse,
pass them through crude starch, dry
between cloihs. shake Hell in the open
jair lo finish drying and finally curl
over a dull knife, flue by flue, wry
carefully, taking pain- m,t io cut the
To Freshen Straw Hats
To freshen slraw hats spoiler' ihem
lirsi with a solution of while soap,
then with clear water, then wilh a
warm solution of oxalic acid I,,tie pari
tn four parts water) and finally with
peroxide of hydrogen (full strength).
Dry in lhe sun.
'    n   *   +
Fine Laces
Fine laces should be cleaned iu llie
following way: If of silk use the dry
cleaning  method,   if  of  cotton   baste
or   ih>wi>-   jifipoinicd   Viceroy
I niilii
them on a piece of white cotton cloth
and handle them repeatedly in a boiling solution of white soap, using two
ounces of soap to each gallon of
water. Rinse well, and put them in
water to which one tablespoonful of
oxalic acid to each half gallon of
water has been added. To give necessary body, pass them through a
solution of one ounce of gum arable
to one quart of water. When nearly
dry, pull into shape, lay them on a
well-padded board and press them on
the wrong side with a cloth over the
* * *
French Pastry
This is a general term applied to
fancy individual pieces of puff paste
with fruit or jelly filling. Quite as
satisfactory results may be obtained
by using rich pie-crust. Make the
pastry in form of three-inch turnovers,
tarts of various shapes, and tiny fruit
pies baked in the smallest of patty-
tins. Serve instead of cake, passing
the bits of pastry daintily arranged on
a tray or large platter.
Strawberry Shortcake
1 2 eggs; 3-4 cupful of sugar: 1 1-2
cupfuls ol" flour; 1 teaspoonful strawberry extract; sweetened and flavored
whipped cream; 1-4 cupful of butler;
1-2 cupful of milk; 1 heaping lea-
spoonful baking powder, hulled ami
washed strawberries.
Cream iln- butter and sugar togetll-
er, add milk, flour sifted with baking
powder and flavoring, Seal well, roll
very thin, and bake in layers. Cool
before Using. Then spread crushed
strawberries and whipped cream between Iln layers. Cover lhe top layer
with whipped cream and garnish with
ib,- firmest strawberries. There is
no way in which strawberries taste
* * ���
Strawberry   Mousse
'lhe fro/en sweel differs from icecream in texture, BS it is chilled by
packing in ice ami salt instead of in a
freezer. Whip until dry and stiff one
pint of thick sweet cream. Fold in
iwo cupfuls of sifted powdered sugar,
and add one quart of ripe strawberries mashed slightly v. ith a wooden
spoon. Turn into a tube mold, bind
joining with strip of muslin to pre-
\int entrance of salt, and pack in ice
and salt for at least four hours. Serve
mi large platter. filling lhe centre
cavity, left by llie tube, with large
strawberries cut in babes and mixed
with whipped cream. Garnish plate
with handsome strawberries and
leaves. Rounds of sponge cake accompany this delicious frozen dessert.
* * *
Strawberry Marmalade
1 quart of hulled strawberries; 1-2
cupful  of  water;  2  cupfuls  of sugar;
2 tablespoonfuls of lemon-juice.
Crush half the berries, add the sugar, water, lemon-juice, and the remaining firm berries. Meat slowly,
and cook until thick. Pour into small
* .k   *
Strawberry Ambrosia
2 cupfuls of bulled strawberries; 1-2
cupful of shredded cocoaiiut; 2 tablespoonfuls powdered sugar: 1 cupful
of whipped cream.
Crush the berries and add the sugar. Place alternate layers of berries
and cocoaiiut in a glass dessert-dish
until both ingredients are used up.
Heap the whipped cream on top and
* * *
Strawberry Salad
2 1-2 cupfuls of hulled strawberries:
1 tablespoonful of lemon-juice; 3 tablespoonfuls of sugar; 1-3 cupful of
orange-juice; 1 egg-yolk; 1 small banana; 1-2 cupful whipped cream.
Rub the egg-yolk smooth with tbe
sugar. Add orange and lemon-juice,
and cook in a double boiler until
thick. Chill and fold in the whipped
cream. Turn the berries into a salad-
dish, and mix lightly with the fruit
dressing. Garnish with slices of banana.
always together, one could never fall
without the other tumbling down loo.
"They used to play together all the
day long. I always claimed Jack and
my sisler, Maggie, kept Jill, and oh,
my, bin we used lo have such fun.
When .lack and Jill got older ihey
got stronger and we had to keep
them chained or they would chasi all
lhe little chickens, and. of course ih.n
would net er do,
"Oh. dear, (ml what clever things
Ihey would ,\, . \\ ,. used In take ihem
inlo lhe orchard and play games. I
taughl Jack to turn a somersault and
Maggie taught Jill to stand mi his
head and climb a pole. They would
always do their iricks very nicely,
inn my. how they would fuss if we
did nol nice Ihem a nice apple for
a reward. One day we couldn't find
Jack anywhere. We searched lor him
all over, and at lasi mother found
him in the cellar, lie had sneaked
in lhe window and had eaten sm n a
lot of things thai would surely make
a little hear sick. Ile was a pretty
sick bear next da}', but soon got over
it and he never liked cookie's any
"Please tell us about the baby bear,
Grandma,"  coaxed  wee  Jimmy    and
Jellied Bouillon j Jack together, one rainy day, and so
Use   any   well-seasoned   clear   beef j bad to stay in the house,
soup, either made from freshly cook-i     "Very   well,   my   dears."   answered
Grandma.   "I'll tell you all about him
ed meat or from a reliable brand of
canned consomme. Heat thoroughly
and to each pint add one-half tablespoonful of gelatin previously soaked
in cold water. This is sufficient to I
make the soup jelly slightly. Keep
on ice until needed. Serve in bouillon I
cups. '���
if you promise to be very quiet.
"You  remember  1   told you  of the
big.  black  bear my  big-  brother shot
when he was stealing our pigs. Well,
not  long  after  that   father  heard  a
bear  shuffling  around   the   bam   one
night and  hurried  out  with  his  gun.
, He tracked the bear to her hole and
Society Walks this year (shot her, and next morning when we
Keep that in mind,  ladies. Society I children heard all about the bear be-
has motored and ridden and sailed so | ing shot, of course we had to go and
much that there is nothing for it but | see the bear's hole, too, ami what do
to walk off some of the carbonaceous  you suppose we found.    Two fat  lit-
accumulation.'     One   sees   their   fair | tie bear cubs crying for their mother.
majesties on the Avenue, and on Park, My goodness, but wc  were glad wc
Avenue,     complexions   glowing,    no found   them,   for   they   surely   would
longer from the rouge pot. but from j have starved if wc hadn't.   They were
plain air.    They are a study in foot-1 so tiny that they couldn't hurt us and
gear   and���shall   I    say   it?���hosiery.' so we just picked them up and carried
Especially on a windy day. As Eugene them  home.    Father  said  we  might
Field  remarked:  "Little  children,   let | keep   them   for  a   while.     We   called
be thankful for the wind." 'them Jack and Jill, for as they were
Quality      is      evenly      distributed!
through   an    excellent   array   of   six j
acts at llie Pantages next week. There
are affairs of especial interest to chil-l
di'en   al   either   end   of  ihe   new   pro-j
gramme.    At  the  close is Thalero's
Dog and   Pony   Circus,   with  a  trick
pony,   four   or   five   trained   terriers, !
and  a   monk   with   half  human   wits.
The  whole  turn  is  big  with  interest
for children from 4 to 80.
The opener is the returning Three
Riano acrobatic speciality, dressed up
with a comedy lion, snake and chimpanzees. The men are good panto-
niiniists as well as tumblers and the
turn is a good laugh.
Arthur Elwell, who sang for four
years at the old Pantages iu Seattle,
is on the bill with bis excellent baritone and a tenor partner, Kenyon,
and are a hit.
Mae Curtis is popular with her
character comedy songs. The Petticoat Minstrel Maids are a dressy,
lively set of nine and Charles F. Se-
nion. a former Orpheum entertainer,
sets everyone wild with delight with
bis oddities.
 1   ^i��-o	
It Isn't Your Town���It's You
If you  want  to live in  the kind of a
ti iwn
That's the kind of a town you like.
How Do You
Buy Bread?
Do you ask for, and get. just a "loaf of bread," or do
you, like the wise, discriminating buyers, order
SMAX and
These are wholesome, nutritious���made in a modern,
sanitary bakery���in every detail as good bread as
conscientious effort can make them.
Every loaf crisp, tender, delicious���done to a turn.
If your grocer cannot supply you, phone Fairmont
443 and we'll get it to you prompt.
Bakers of Better Bread
You needn't slip your clothes in a grip
And start on a long, long hike.
You'll   find  elsewhere   what   you  left
For   there's   nothing   that's   really
It's   a   knock   at  yourself   when   you
knock your town:
It isn't your town���it's you.
Real   towns   are   not    made    by    men
Lest somebody else gets ahead;
When   everybody   works   and   nobody
'     shirks
You can raise a town from the dead.
And if while you make your personal
'lour neighbor can make one too,
Your  town  will be  what you  want to
It isn't your town���it's vou. j
Special Purchase and Sale
of Smart Sport Coats
To sell for $12.50
���exceptional values���every one of them���
including spun coats and occasional coats,
made ul" stylish I weeds, while chinchillas,
whipcords, corduroys ami coverts, in belted
and flare styles, with trimmings of velvet,
silk, buttons and patch pockets. .All sizes in
lhe assortment.   The greatest spurt coat va
lues we've offered this season
Special, only  	
Serge and Silk Dresses
Miih'IIkIi Klrls arc ilolnir their |��lr( to keep Hie country koiiik'-     Here a aehool teiichcr Ih nhonn  Kiilillim  thr plinmli
���smart little dresses of rich poplins, foulards, taffetas and wool serges, trimmed
with organdy laces and fancy buttons, full flared skirts.    Colors of rose, navy;
Copenhagen, grey, green and black.   All  sizes.
Women's Sale of Suits
���an assortment that offers a big variety of styles lo choose from, fashioned from
high-grade poplins, serges, gabardines and worsteds, with rich trimmings of contrasting silk collar and cuffs. Belted and flare jackets, in Copenhagen, navy,
black, rookie. Belgium, tan and green; also black and white checks. d��-| rv *jr*
Full flared skirts.   All sizes.   A bargain  ��p 1 ��/��� / O
pf fludsons flay (fompamj
%kt ^twatowfo
Any Suit Looks Good When
You First Put It On
It's after you've worn one of DICK'S GOOD
SUITS that you begin to realize it's sterling worth
lo you.
Ever)- suit has style, good tailoring, good fabrics to begin with���and it's these important fundamentals that make the suit stand up well during its
You ought to know these good clothes���come in
and look them over, there's a style and a pattern
you'll like.
$15 $18 $20 $25 $30 $35
"Your Money's Worth or
Your Money Back"
33,  47,  49   HASTINGS   STREET
��� m
J Bicycle Notes & Wanderings J
By  Rover
The Salmonbelly Spirit
Reminiscences of old College Days in the Royal City and the famous
"Salmonbellies," Champion Lacrosse Players
By  Michael  J.   Svenceski
(Continued from last week) tune.    "Five  to  five, somebody says,
How the 'Hired Assassins',l,ear? ,Wh}r- ,S,ay the olU bo>"- wol,l<l
luck and nothing else captured it a '"cvcr, 'T all,��Wcd n\team' much
year later, but then-ti.e red blood j J" the Grccnsl,lrts' to ��ll<* ��P ��� "ode
ran    strong   and    the'     Salmonbelly
youngsters rose up and they journeyed over to the terminal town and
smote the Greenshirts hip and thigh
and brought hack the silverware from
those lucky terminals.
BtHv was concluding his nimble is
we passed the arched entrance of the
park and I caught my first glimpse
of the rickety old grandstand and the
unpainted, sun-dried bleachers. I
heard the vast throng around the red
oval cheer and saw them wave their
flags. And suddenly thc hidden band
burst forth into that stinirjf old national song that so warmed my heart
within  me���
"0 Canada, O Canada."
ive goals on them.   No, sir
on your life they wouldn't."
"Oh. wouldn't they?" sneered Billy,
and then reversing his attitude, "bet-
chu they guys wrong anyway?"
"Why don't you agree with me
sometimes, Billy," I asked slightly
out of sorts. *   *
"Huh?" snorted Billy, in a minature
rage, "why don't you say something
sensible and I might," and then after
scratching his head, "Why, it's you
who never agree with me, young 'un,"
be accused.
I couldn't help laughing.   That was
just like Billy of old.    Never willing
to agree with anyone on any topic
and   ever   so  unwilling  that  anyone
1 quickened the pace for I knew wc  should agree with him.   In fact, only
were late.    At that, we managed to  too  ready to  argue  for    argument's
squirm mir way into the crowd near
the fence on the western side of the
"What's the score?" I yelled the
question into the car of tlie nearest
"Five  to  Five,'.' he answered  with-1
out turning.
"What period?" 1 shouted back, but
the din was.so terrific lhat it took him
some time to understand me.
"Last oi" the third"���he finished the
field,   "shunt.   I.en.
:d to see Len Turn-
iccause four grccn-
ack.    Then the bell
terms  slouched  off
rubdown ami rest.
' I asked Bill-
down   and  the
itchy,   ragtime
sentence to the
shool," and 1 ttir
bull mis-; ;i pass
shirts sat "ii lii^
ihingcil and tin
th,   grounds for
"Did you bear that
-;- the cheering diei
' ii il   swung   into   :i
Tickets on sale daily,
[une 1 to ' September
30, 1916.
Return limit three
months, not to exceed
October 3.1.
For full
particulars apply
to any
C. P. R.
"Wait and see," Billy advised with
pa  serious  look.    "Bet you the boys
I double  the  score  ou  the  greenshirts.
j They've only been blarneyin' the crab-
"Blarney or not. Take it from
me, Billy, take it from me. The old
boys would have made a good sized
score on tlieir opponents before risking the cup with fool tactics such as
you suggest." I was getting heated.
"My dear young man," and now
Billy's twitching eyes were humorous, "after you see the redshirts play
today you'll agree with me that there
is little risk in fooling with the greenshirts, It's only to give tlie crowd
Iheir money's worth���these crabeat-
ers arc as tame as a housecat '
"Hut even tame cats ami crabs have
claws "   I   began   when   the   band
lin ike in again on me, The whtte-
shtrted referees now appeared on tile
field blowing their shrill whistle* to
hurry the players from iln- dressing
rooms for the final quarter of the
i hie by mi,' the men straggled wearily into lhe arena pulling on their padded gloves and  lightening their stick
I guards as they came.
ll was wilh a tightening of my heart
strings and a curiously parched throat
I that I settled down to watch the final
period. A referee slipped the ball between thc sticks of the two centre
players crouching in centre field waiting for the whistle and then���
While the nearest players swooped
down with the blast on tbe two kneeling figures tbe ball was shot like a
bullet to a lone waiting Royal to the
left and redshirts were away. Down
they went, their sneakers skimming
the grass, winged wonders giving one
grand glorious exhibition of superb
combination work. And as a redsbirt
carrying the ball swung around a man
in green, I threw my body unconsciously against Billy in an effort to
bunt the greensbirt out of the way.
Then I apologised to Billy, but he
turned glazed, unknowing eyes on me
and went n with his harsh cries of
"shoot, shoot."
From about 1895 to 1910���a period
of 15 years���most of my cycling was
done on racing machines, Then I
took up the simple life and added
two roadster bicycles to my stud.
Very comfortable crocks they were,
with nice fat tires, low gears, and
turned up handlebars, and 1 am Mill
on the best terms with them. For
town riding they were all I could desire, well balanced machine! that
steered faultlessly, rolled over the
rough bits in silky silence, and never
gave me a moment's uneasiness.
The more I rode these two bicycles
the better 1 liked them. I spent a
fortnight's holiday on the Continent
on one, .and often used them iu exploring unknown byways, and for several long distance jaunts. In fact, for
months in succession, my cycling was
done exclusively on those machines,
one of which carried me home after
the hardest fight with a midnight gale
that 1 have ever experienced. They
were roadster bicycles of the highest
class, and I still regard them with an
enduring attachment, but���you guessed that word was coming���the greatest fascination in cycling, after all,
is to be found in a racing machine.
Whether you can race or not. whether
your limbs are shaky and feeble or
lissom as the twinkling understandings of Pavlova, or Sicklemore, a
racing bicycle is surely the most alluring thing that ever ran on wheels.
The fact was that, after a long period of cycling on roadster machines,
I felt, a slight recurrence of speed
fever coming on and obtained a road-
racing machine. It was a standard
machine, excepting tbe substitution of
pump clips for brazed on pegs and
black enamel for green; it was geared
to 74, with six and a half inch cranks;
and its wheels were shod with one and
one-eighth path racing tires. A curious phenomenon about these tires
was the first thing that manifested itself. Whenever I dug the machine
out of the shed to go for a ride, instead of squeezing the tires to test
tlieir tightness 1 followed my usual
practice of bouncing the whole caboodle on the ground, which usually
indicates whether the air pressure is
sufficient or not. But these tires always deceived mc. "Too soft," 1
would say, as I proceeded to detach
the inflator, but when I put a thumb
on the smooth tread and tried to make
an impression, 1 found tbe tire as hard
as a board. The resilience of these
tight little tubes was so great that,
even when they were inflated almost
to bursting point, they always felt soft
by every test short of squeezing them
under one's thumb. Several times I
was convinced that one or thc other
of them was deflating as 1 rode, but
when I tested them at the first stop
Ihey were always hard.
The reason why speedmen put up
performances which make the ordinary tourist or potterer gasp with amazement may be found, to a certain extent, in superior training, but the'difference in the machines and tires used
accounts for a great deal of the racing man's superiority,
I    bad   grown   accustomed   to   a
".Tteiuly   1-"  on   thc  touring "busses"
that   llie  pace  of  lhe  racing machine
gave  mc quite a  shock  on  our  first
acquaintance,    I   trod  mi  the  pedals I
in  much Ihc  Mime  way as usual,  bul
instead of responding .sluggishly ihe!
machine    simply    bounded    forward, I
"Whew,"   I   remarked���or  words  to
lhal effect - and then I sat up lo think i
the matter over.    The road was fairly
crowded, and  I  decided that ally pace i
exceeding 28 miles an  hour���or  shall
I sa}- 17���was excessive, so I restrained  the  fiery ardor of my  mount and
jogged along with my  finger tips on
the handlebars.    In the open country
I did "let it rip" occasionally, and tbe
sensation of combined speed and ease
was delicious.   I do not say that equal
case is  not attainable  on a  roadster,
but  it  is  not accompanied  by speed.
You may fancy yourself in paradise at
12 miles an hour, and in purgatory if
you try to do 15.
It is not the least atom of good
trying to ride a roadster bicycle fast;
you only work and sweat, pull and
plunge, without any adequate result.
If you are content to ride slowly and
to walk lhe stiffer gradients, you can
be very comfortable on a fully-
equipped machine, but if you desire a
mount    that   will   respond to your
slightest effort, that will hurl you to
the top of a bill and whirl you down
tlic other side without making you
puff and pant like a grampus (or
whatever it is that puffs and pants),
then you must have a real racing machine, even if actual racing is as far
from your thoughts as it is from mine.
It is not necessary to be a racing man
iu order to feel the thrill and exhilaration of speed. The sensation is equally attractive to tbe rider who professes to hold competitive cycling in
contempt, and in rash moments he
often indulges in the fierce frenzy of a
"blind;" but the game is only enjoyable when your mount is responsive.
The chief thing is that your speed
must be produced by your own efforts,
and not by an engine, if you wish to
feel its fascination undiluted. There
is always something thrilling in mere
pace, whether you are in an aeroplane, a motor car, or a torpedo boat,
but it is a second-hand sensation; the
genuine article is self produced,
* * *
From a health point of view, the
c'ycle is a great benefit to women. It
gets them out of doors, gives them a
form of exercise adapted to their
needs, neither too violent nor too passive; one very pleasant withal, that
they may join company with others or
alone, and one that does not go to the
root of their nervous troubles; for
wc are beginning to realise that these
do not, for tbe most part, have their
primal origin in woman's peculiar anatomy and physiology. Other conditions might be cited wherein we might
look for decided benefit from the proper use of our machine, but these will,
I think, be sufficient to indicate that
we have in it one of the therapeutic
means for which some of us have long
been looking for. I might here note
that in a recent and extended article
on "Physical Education," Sir Frederick Treves speaks very highly of cycling as an exercise.
Of course 1 have been pre-suppos-
ing in all my previous remarks on
cycling for health, that the rider will
have a cycle adapted to bis or her
weight and strength, properly adjusted in all its parts, but especially in
the relationship between the saddle
and the handle-bar and pedals, and
above all, that thc rider takes pains
to maintain a correct position and to
do all be or she can to benefit bis or
her health and bodily development.
In fact 1 am confident that it is
through neglect of some of these important points that the evils so sometimes unjustly attributed to bicycle
riding arise. There can be no question
as to the erect position being thc correct one, and if tbis bc maintained,
cycling DOES tend to develop ihe
chest by increasing the lung capacity,
and to exercise the muscles passing
from lhe trunk to the upper limbs.
But if a tall, lanky lad, with a narrow
chest and stooping back, or any other
person, persists in maintaining a posture resembling a half-opened jack-
knive la hi Vancouver messenger
Ij6ys), the faults and evils resulting
lluri'lroni cannot fairly be attributed
io lhe use of Ihe cycle. It requires
some muscular effort to sil erect on a
bicycle or elsewhere, and that effort
means, as everyone knows, the continued exercise of all the muscles of
thc back and neck. The arm muscles
are brought strongly into play in hill
climbing, and whenever the speed .is
considerably increased the augmented
depth and frequency of respiration
that even a minimum of exercise induces, make a new demand upon all
the chest muscles and tbe diaphragm.
On thc other hand, a stooping position not only tends to cramp the
chest and interfere with tbe proper
oxygenation of the blood, but by compressing the iliac vessels it also interferes with the flow of blood to
and from thc lower extremities, whose
Forty years ago were celebrated
throughout the llritish Isles,
Today they are famous all over
the world.
li. S. V cycles are built in the
best equipped cycle factory in
lhe world, of Ihe finest material.
They wear longer ami run easier. The II. S. A. factory is
today at the disposal of the British Government for munition
work. I have these celebrated
cycles in stock.
Call and inspect, or write for
The Cycle Man
Cleveland Bicycles
Still  Masters of the Road
The   Other   Cycle   Man
muscles are all being most actively
exercised, and therefore most in need
of an unimpeded current at tllis time.
Certainly the gain of a few seconds
per mile that this incorrect position
is supposed to give cannot in any
measure compensate in ordinary riding for the physical barm it must induce. I am aware that other objections have also been urged against
tbe use of the bicycle, and it will not
be out of place to refer lo what may
seem to be the gravest of them. Undoubtedly the excessive use of the bicycle or tricycle by very young children is not advisable, bad habits of
position and carriage are only too
readily acquired at this age, and there
is danger of serious muscle strain and
possibly nerve injury. Another fault
is that parents too often purchase a
machine too large for the child, in
order to save the expense of a new
one in two, three, or four years, the
result being that both tbe weight and
tbe power needed to propel it are in
excess of the child's abilities. MODERATE riding for children on suitable cycles is to be commended. For
older boys and girls some intelligent
supervision is advisable, and especially watchfulness for incipient barm
as regards girls ahout the time of puberty, liven at this time the bicycle
may do good by drawing a too studious or house-loving youth or maiden
into thc open air and active exercise.
Two cases come to mind, one fourteen, and the other eighteen, where a
decided increase in height and especially in the length of tbe lower limbs,
can be fairly attributed to bicycle riding.
Perseverance for several weeks, and
in some cases', for months, in steady
cycling, will cure chronic complaints,
and then you will have become a confirmed, instead of an infirm cyclist,
and your friends, like mine, will truly
assure you that they arc astonished
to find the years toll lightly by leaving you looking healthier and more
robiisl than ever, wilh a still greater
joy in your Steed of steel .'Hid the
pell road.
(Continued next week)
Boys know the reputation of "Massey" Bicycles for easy running
qualities and strength. Will stand the racket and get you to school
on time.   The new 1916 model is a beauty.
BOYS' or GIRLS' MODEL, $30.   MEN'S or LADIES' MODEL, $45.
PUBLIC XCTK'K is hcr��by fm'<'n Hint
under Ui��' FiiM Pari of chspter "l) "f the
lU'vistil Statute! of Canada, 1906, known BI
"Thc Compsulei Act," lerteri patent hay<
been Itwucd under the Soul of the Secretary "i
State of Canada, bearing date ihc Sth day of
May, 1916, incorporating Marie Lou UK
Malloy, widow, Mary J.urctto Agttfcl Gibson,
accountants John Harold Senklcr and George
Cornelius Van Home, barristers-at-law, and
Montague Gregory Caple, student-at law, all
of tin- City of Vancouver, in the Province ei��
Hritish Columbia, for the following purposes,
viz i���
(a) To engage in ami carry on the business
of sawmill proprietors, timber merchants, lumbermen, loggers, lumber and shingle manufacturers anil to buy, sell, prepare for market,
handle, manipulate, manufacture, import, export and deal in saw-logs, trees, timber, lumber, shingles, bolts, piles and wood of all
kinds and all other articles in which timber
or wood is used or forms a part;
(b) To purchase or otherwise acquire nnd
to own, hold and possess timber leases, timber
licenses and timber privileges and franchises
of all kinds;
(c) To purchase, acquire and operate lugs,
steamers, docks, barges, scows, ships and
vessels of every description or any interest
or shares therein ;
(d) To manufacture, import, export, buy,
sell, exchange and deal in cither by wholesale
or retail or both all kinds of goods, wares
and merchandise;
(e) To construct, equip, operate, carry out,
maintain, manage, or control any roads, ways,
water powers, reservoirs, dams, aqueducts,
canals, sluices, flumes, logging railways (operated bv steam, electricity or other mechanical
power) and lumber camps, telegraph and telephone Hues on lands owned or controlled by
the company and electric supply lines, bridges,
wharves, docks, booms, timber slides, chutes,
booming-grounds, stores, warehouses, hydraulic works, electric works, houses, shops, and
buildings and other works and conveniences
which may seem calculated, directly or indirectly, to advance the company's interests;
.(f) to purcbaMror acquire, issue, rc-issue,
seH, place and*wal "in snares, stock, bonds,
debentures and purities of all kinds and to
give any guaranty'or security for thc payment
of dividends or interests or otherwise in relation thereto;
(g) To     carry    on    any    other    business
(whether manufacturing or otherwise) which
may seem to the company capable of being
conveniently carried on in connection with
it1- blllbiesi or calculated directly or indirectly to enhance the value of or render profitable any nf the company's properly or rights;
(li) To aci|iiire or undertake the whole or
any part of the business, property and Irabili-
i of any person or company carrying on
any business which thc company is authorized
to carry on. or pus^t-wed of property suitable
for the purposes of tbe company;
(i) To apply for, purchase or otherwise
���equire, any patents, brevets d'tn vent ion, licenses, corice'sMons am! the like, conferrin,
any exclusive or non-exclusive, or limi
right io use, or any secret or other information as to any invention which may seem
capable of being used for any of the purposes
of the company, or the acquisition of which
may seem calculated directly or indirectly
to bene-fit the company, ami to use, exercise,
develop or grant licenses in respect of, or
otherwise turn to account the property, rights
or   information   so   acquired:
(j) Te- enter into partner-hip or into any
arrangement for sharing of profits, union of
Interests, en-operation, joint adventure, reciprocal concession or otherwise, with any
person or company carrying on or engaged in
or aboul lo carry on or engage in any busi*
ness or transaction which the company is
authorized to carry on or engage in, or any
business or transaction capable of being conducted so as directly or indirectly to benefit
the company; ami to lend money to, guarantee the cemtracts of, or otherwise assist
any such person or company, and to take or
otherwise acquire shares and securities of at
such company, and to sell, luild, re-issue,
with or without guarantee, or otherwise deal
with  the  same;
(k) To take, or otherwise acquire and hold
shares in any other company having objects
altogether or iu part similar to those of the
company or carrying on any business capable
of being conducttel so as directly or indirectly
to  benefit  the company;
(I) To enter into any arrangements with
nny governments or authorities, supreme,
municipal local or otherwise, that may seem
conducive to the company's objects, or any
of them, anel to obtain from any such authority any rights, privileges and concessions
which the company may think it rlesirable to
obtain, ami lo carry out, exercise and comply wtth any such arrangements, rights, privileges  ami  concessions;
(ni) To promote any company or companies for the purpose of acquiring all or
any of the property and liabilities of tbe
company, or for any other purpose, which
may seem directly or indirectly calculated to
benefit the company;
fn) To draw, make, accept, endorse, execute
and issue promissory notes, hills of exchange,
bills of lading, warrants and other negotiable
or transferable instruments;
fo) To sell, lease or elispose of the under-,
taking or property of the company or any
part thereof for such consideration as the
company may think fit, anel in particular for
shares, debentures or securities of any other
company having objects altogether or in part
similar to those of the company;
(p) To procure the company to be registered and recognized in any British territory
and in any foreign country anel to designate
persons therein according to the laws of such
foreign country to represent this company and
to accept service for ami on behalf of the
company  of any  process  or suit;
(q) To remunerate any person or company
feir services rendered or to be rendered. in
placing or assisting to place or guaranteeing
thc placing of ahy of thc shares in the company's capital or any debentures, debenture
stock or other securities of the company or
In or about thc formation or promotion of
the companv or the conduct of its business;
(r) To invest and deal with the moneys
of the company not immediately required in
such manner as may from time to time be
(s) To enter into leases of land or any
interest therein or contracts relating thereto
which may seem calculated directly or in*
elircctlv to benefit thc company;
(t) To distribute the property of the company among its members in specie;
(u) To carry on the aforesaid business or
any part thereof as contractors, brokers,
agents or otherwise, or by or through trustees, agents or otherwise.
The operations of the company to be carried
on throughout the Dominion of Canada and
elsewhere by the name of "Nor-West Farmers
Co-operative Lumber Company, Limited,
with a capital stock of one hundred thousand
dollars, divided into 100,000 shares of one
dollar each, and the chief place of business of
the said company to be at the City of Vancouver,   in  the   Province  of  Hritish  Columbia.
Dateel   at   the   office   of   the   Secretary   of
Slate of Canada, this 8th elay of May, 1916.
Under-Secretary of State.
Phone Seymour 3406
Dog and Pony Circus
Three times daily, 2.45, 7.15, 9.15
Matinee, 15c; Night, 15c & 25c
u:z:'z::;yn        i*i
What There Is to
This Talk of
Safety First"
Hack of i-fuh bottle of Soii-Vim
Milk la one or B. Q,*s rfi'ost im>d-
ern dairies, operated by. dairy
experts of I our experience, ~i
The Sou-Van 'Dairy* Ir completely equipped .-with :-scientific
apparatus and the latest ma-
Chines for clarifying', pasteurizing, holding, cooling and bottling milk. Furthermore right
out at the fifteen different Fraser Valley farms perfect condition--! prevail.
Sou-Van Milk
"When concerns, on whom the
public iiiiiNt depend for purity,
quality and cleanliness of mlllt
and other food supplies, talk of
"safety first," It Is very often a
misnomer. But absolutely not
so In our modern scientific dairy.
We can safely say "safety first"
when speaklnR or Sou-Vim .Milk
because Sou-Van Milk will stand
any Investigation���any test. Our
dairy is wide open for your inspection at all times���there are
no Npeelnl "vlsltora- ilojs " Accept this as your invitation to
come out nnd see what extraordinary precautions we take.
Daily delivery in sterilized
botlles.    Phone Fairmont 2624.
South Vancouver
Milk Co.
Scientific Dairymen
b* fr


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