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The Standard Oct 14, 1916

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Array ������
Vol. V, No. 24���Established 1911
VANCOUVER,   B.C.,   SATURDAY,   OCTOBER   14,   1916
Price Five Cents
Can A Democracy Be
Really Business Like
The difficulties caused by the present system
of electing representatives���Theories for
overcoming them.
"Trust the people" must be the motto of the
new government.
I HI: II VPS thi
governmei i
people'.     11
nmonly dishec
st pop
liar definition of di -
if tbe pe 'pie, by the people, and for the
lias passed into platform language, is
up as a peroration to a fervenl denunciation ol any government which dues not happci to '
approved by the orator, and in brief, lias served many
purposes I'm- Which it never was intended. The- phrase is
suggestive, but ephemcreal, It suggests t.:;;t the people
cii a country really arc- governed by men whom they selecl
as fittest to carry on government. As a matter of fact,
a comparatively small proportion of tlu- people of a country really select the men who form a government. Two
parties hold conventions and nominate delegates to other
conventions and these other conventions nominate other
delegate's to a still larger convention, and finally there
emerges a ticket, which is accepted by the whole party
as representative of its people. Two parties thus have
two tickets which, in due course, are subjected to tlic test
of thc ballcit. There are, of course, several men left oil
Mn- ticket who would receive plenty of backing from the
people if they had a free choice. P>ut they have only what
they think is a free choice, as at even thc smallest conventions the official party usually works together to "rail-
road" its real candidate through the meeting. The so-
called organisation candidate usually appeals to at least
7? per cent, of any so-called convention. No nominating
convention ever held really embodies the majority of the
people. Out of KXX) voters, only about 200 will attend a
convention; either because they do not desire to do so
or because they are sick of politics and know what a convention means, or they have married a wife or found
some other convenient excuse for staying away from what
is, after all. in a democratic state, a duty which should
lie performed.
CLOTHED IN A MAPLE LEAF
Tbe machinery to have government by tbe people is
there, perhaps, but the people do not make use of it.
Sometimes when they are really "stirred up" about some
Question, they will attend political conventions and find
their voices, in fact, become quite articulate. Provincial
and local affairs will draw crowded meetings. Who does
not know how a discussion regarding the best place for a
water pipe or a parish pump will rouse the bitterest controversial genius of the inhabitants of a small municipality? The precise wording on the gravestone of a departed
citizen is usually of more importance than the exchange
of diplomatic correspondence between one great power
and another. The government of a country is usually
somewhat remote. For the great majority it takes place
many hundreds of miles from their locality and thus they
never have the opportunity of seeing any of the machinery or the trappings of government. Now thc trappings
of government are really of great interest. It is a grcat
mistake to imagine that the people do not care how their
ministers look. Half the glory of British justice lies iu
its dignity and its robes. The respect due to a judge is
infinitely more real if he is properly clothed. It. is human
nature to pay more attention to a uniform than to a person. Imagine the legislative assembly at Victoria carried
on without any clothes at all. Imagine tbe lieutenant-
governor opening the session clothed in a maple leaf.
Only the real savage is dignified when naked. How many
people could "look" the part they play in this earth's
affairs if they did not clothe themselves every morning?
How long would thc German Emperor be able to appeal
to his people if he were stripped of his uniform, shaved
md left .naked? Would bis personality and greatness
radiate tlinnigh his bare skin?
MAPPING A CABINET
The importance of making government attractive, more
especially when it is not the government of thc people,
is obvious. But in the democracies of this Continent, the
trappings of. government are largely lacking simply because the government is so far away and the people, as a
whole, would resent the "circus" being a continuous performance in one part of the country only. This applies
mostly to the federal government, perhaps. lint to a degree, it applies to the government al such a place as Victoria. The people of British Columbia do not see much
of tlie glory of legislation. The scene inside lhe house is
quite impressive, but the scene inside tlie house bas nothing to do with government. It is merely the necessary
(formality, the side show without which the government
could not pretend to govern. The government itself is an
executive body chosen from among the elected members
by the so-called leader of the party" in power, lie selects
bis ministers and usually, in order to endorse his selection, the ministers thus chosen have to pass the electors
once more. That is supposed to give tile endorsation of
the electors to the ministers and make the government of
the people and by the people. In theory it sounds alright,
but in practice it is very different. Thc premier, in selecting his cabinet, takes a map of the country and divides it
up into so many squares as there are offices. ��� He then
selects one man from each square, trusting that in this
way he will satisfy the whole country that it has cabinet
representation. That is democracy at its best; geographical democracy presumably. For it does not in tbe least
matter whether the best business brains of the place are
contained in one district or in six. Thc one district is to
only have such representation in the cabinet as is justified by its place on the map. If a city like Vancouver attracts a large number of men to make a living and the best
business men because it is the largest city, it does not;
in consequence, receive more cabinet appointments on that
��-
-ffl
Cuueleiy Bella Coula Cornier
Mr. H. C. Brewster, British Columbia's new premier, and Honest John Oliver. This engraving is from a snap-shot taken when
the Liberal leader and Mr. Oliver were touring Vancouver Island
before the elections. Mr. Brewster and Mr. Oliver are plain men
who know more about hard work than  posing for their pictures.
��"
-��
account. It receives them according to the number of
voters who apparently are supposed to consider themselves slighted if they do not haw a cabinet representative.
EXCELLENT THEORIES
Vet it is the cabinet which is really the government, and
for a certain period the people have nothing whatever to
do with that government. The life of parliament legally
lasts five years, (ince the cabinet is in power and once
the leader shows himself strung enough to hold his own
with any recalcitrants within his party, his tenure of office is secure. Therefore his first idea is to hold his
party together and to' that end he tries to placate each
member thereof. By "placate" Ile means give each constituency something out of the public fiimis to show that
the government is fully aware of its existence. Tliat is the
pap with which the government keeps ils members fi-oni
crying too much, l'ap of lhat kind leads naturally io patronage and the utter destruction of government i f the
people by tlie people and for the people. The premier
who honestly desires to steer a new course; becomes involved in thi.-, sort of thing almost unconsciously merely
because the people themselves encourage it by demanding
official positions lor their representatives regardless oi
their capabilities.
Thus  finally  democracy   i^  hardly  even  governmeni  ol
the people by the- people or for the people, bul  -* ivern
ment  of the people by  politicians  for  politicians,    Tlu
theory of democracj  is excellent, but, the- practice is    e
plurablc.
So all kinds of theories are held as to the possibility of
achieving really representative government whkll -'.ill
reflect the will of the people and carry it out. But these
theories are based on what is nothing more or lc*ss than
a misunderstanding. The people do not really desire a
representative government so much as an authoritative
business government which is guided not by politicians
but by the business progress of the country. Business
progress is not only for the good of "corporations" or
"capitalists" but fur thc good of all. because on all depends
the prosperity of the country.
SEPARATING POLITICS FROM BUSINESS
Yet, of course, the people would not want to bind on
their own necks the yoke which the German people have
bound on theirs. It is plain that the theory of thc state
owning all means of production and through the state
the people controlling those means of production, cannol
pay in an undisciplined or democratic state. It is not the
state but non-political bodies with tlu- authorirt- of the
state, but outside all political influence, which under such
circumstances should have the control of the means of
production. If the state bas control the state is at tlie
mercy of the changes in public opinion, which may oust
one party for another and thus reduce the whole business
of the state to chaos every five years or so. There would
be no continuity of business policy, which is essential to
business success. If state control is advocated, it must be
recognised that under thc democratic form of government.
it is impossible to separate state control from p ilitical
control.    Political  control,  as  experience  has  taught  ns.
or should have taught us, is inefficient and extravagant.
It relies on the support of the voters and is ready to appeal to whatever section of the proletariat carries the
most weight on election day. Thc rise in the cost of living would be iii clirect relation to the imminence of elections. Vet non-political bodies, with the authority of the
slate and outside the- control of political bodies, vv iuld
tend to be, one autocratic. There is the real difficulty of
a democratic government set on being a business government, It would have to exercise authority through its
boards which might Ik- entirely antagonistic to its politico-
business policy. That politico-business policy might be.
demanded by the people who seldom can take the trouble,
even if they have ihc knowledge necessary, to study all
the conditions which govern any business.
PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION
Lately there I as been a gone' deal i
ing proportional representation. Thi
simply means that it' during an electii
for me party and (jO.OW vote for another, the representation in the legislature should be seven of one party and
six of another. By tllis means the opposition or minority
would always be sure of representation. In the recent
elections in tin- city of Vancouver, the vote was 38.299'
for rise- six Liberals, 27.227 ior the six Conservatives, and
o tin su Independents. On t',:i- basis presumably
tlu-  Liberals  would  have three an'. a  half members  Fot
mver and the (Conservatives two and a half, while
the   Independents would have- none.    Bm while tbis shows
the   difficulties   of   proportional   representation,   it   must
nol be cast aside as useless simply because there are dtf-
Itie'g.   There :- also thc theor     I the referendum and
tl   of which have been tried bm have nut pr i
selves  any  better than  the old  method.    The  truth
��� to be that the system used so successfully by Great
Britain for    o tnai     la      years  bas been adopted as the
���  by other countrie    ai     they 1     i cei tail
ns to ii whi, h they have tried to . I er j mal
experiments. These experiments have nol always been
cry successful. They have not always been carefully
carried out. but have been made in a period of excitement
which is always had tor deliberate legislation. The people rush at their fences and are -aughl by atchwords.
All government is really a process of evolution and shows
i -i. .tli of the people.    There is a saying that the peo
ple- get lhe governments they deserve ami possibly tliis
noes pretty near the truth. All kinds of experiments can
be made and arc made, but fundamentally the problem remains the same. How can a democratic government be.
really business like and get rid of patronage?
ELECTIONEERING EXPENSES
For the sake of argument let us begin at the beginning,
which means the elections. Under the present system,
members are nominated by one party or the other, or perchance some independent candidates "run" on their own.
The necessity oi nomination by an organisation is usually
tlie necessity of finance. Xo private citizen is willing, as
a rule, to take a sporting chance of being elected unless
the elections are a very open affair and tlie certain private
cilizen has sufficient faith in his own standing iu tbe
community to back himself. Xow it is plain that it would
be a very good thing from more points of view than one
if candidates were not dependent on conventions for tlieir
nomination. The objection would be that a great many
irresponsible men would run. But it would be possible to
present irresponsibility of that kind by the present method of expropriating the cash deposit of any man who did
not obtain fifty per cent, of the votes of tbe first elected
candidate. The actual per ventage necessary to obtain
what might in sporting parlance be termed "a place," could
be calculated with almost mathematical exactness. For
the rest of the candidates, the election expenses would
be paid by the government out of what would be termed
an election fund. Such expenses would be very strictly
regulated. Rents for halls, travelling and other such necessities would not amount tu a very vast sum and could
be very easily checked by vouchers. The expenditure of
other sums by any party or organisation would be considered illegal and would disqualify the candidate in whose
interests the money had been spent. By such means the
people would be much closer to direct representation.
Moreover, if each constituency bad to pay the salary of
its representative, the constituency would be much keener
on getting the best man possible for its money.
TRUST THE PEOPLE
l in some such basis certain changes might be made.
but no changes can possibly overcome the indifference uf
the electorate. The new provincial government has a
gulden opportunity, because it has been proved that the
electorate is nut indifferent, but is thoroughly amused
to the importance uf gooei government. The cardinal mistake of which the new government might be guilty would
be if it imagined that it could procee
The people are nut looking fur rad
legislati n which will at once brini
Briti ( i '! imbia, bul they are expec
in methi ���'.- and an end of the era ol
j reliance has been pi,iced on the old metl
; hi'-uc sse in a weak re nstituency.
h,ng tl
e uld lines.
and   f
ir reaching
rbsperi
iv  hack  to
1 a    ul
. -il change
".M, much
tl:
- -altering
USSI
a.llv
Frank-
Let the Mining World Know that B. C. is No Longer
the Bandit's Paradise
/���"VN.E of iln- first reforms which should be taken up by the new government is the re-
^^ organization of the department of mines.
llritish Columbia lin.--. during the.- McBride regime, been the haven of thc claim*
juniper,    it was THE STANDARD which  first took up the cudgels in behalf of Robert
Ward ami his associates, whose propertj was stolen by agents ol" John llopp, a Seattle
jumper.    This property is known as lhe  Bullion, in the Cariboo district.
Between Ward, the Canadian Pacific and the Guggenheiiiis, some tjU.OOO.OOO was
spent developing this mine. Hppp jumped tlie property when he learned through a dishonest gold commissioner that the owners had neglected lo carry out the lull letter of
the law in regard lo paying the yearly license fee of S100.00.
There is another case where a gold commissioner, employed by the government, on
Vancouver Island, conspirc-d with a relative to jump the property ol" a Toronto syndicate, who had spent $56,000 on the claim.
In Fort George there is another case where the gold commissioner lined up a deal
for outlaw mining men.
There is every reason to believe that the gold commissioners under the old government were, taking-them as a whole, an important part of the party machine. They
acted usually as spies who reported regularly to an organized hand of spoilers who preyed upon prospective investors.
The best way to develop the mining industry in this Province is to drive out the
wild-catters and the grafters and make conditions such that outside companies will feel
that their investments here will be safeguarded. Let them know that British Columbia
is no longer the bandit's paradise.
2'
ataaafe TWO
THE   STANDARD
SATURDAY,   OCTOBER   14,   1916
aty* #tatiimr&
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Telephone   Seymour 4TS
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���eeend Claaa Mail Matter.
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$2.00
Pasture to American. European an* ethor ferelcn eountrlee
���J..90 per year extra.
The Standard will be delivered  to any addreaa In Van-
eaauver er vicinity at ten centa a month.
Member of tha Canadian Preaa Aeeoeletlon.
The Standard, with which la Incorporated the Saturday
Chinook, circulates In Vancouver and tha cities, towns, Tillages and settlements throughout Brltlah Columbia. In
politics the paper la Independent Liberal.
Publishers The Standard Printers
ness and simple honesty is really all that is required, and
it is believed that it will be forthcoming from the new
government, however hard the struggle. That there will
be such a struggle is certain. That the new premier will
have to discipline some of the new members and assure
them that the old motto of "To the victors belongs the
spoils" is gone for ever, may bc taken for granted. That
iir. Brewster may make some enemies within his own
ranks is quite possible, but that he will gain the lasting,
friendship and gratitude of the whole electorate and also
of all the business community is certain if he pursues the
path he has indicated with unswerving faith. "Trust the
people" must be his unfailing stimulant in the days which
are before him.
���CRITICUS.
���EDITORIAL OPINIONS-
B. CS POTENTIAL INDUSTRIES���IRON AND
STEEL
THE STANDARD last week began a campaign of urging upon thepeople as well as the Government, the
necessityfor the utilization of the abundant natural
resources of this Province, from the timber of its forests
to the infinite varieties of its minerals���gold, silver, lead,
copper, zinc, iron, platinum and coal. Our object, however, is not to stop at depicting the richness and variety
of the great heritage, but to inspire in men of enterprise,
an active ambition in founding and establishing industries
from which the markets of the world may be supplied.
This, truly, is "a consummation devoutly to be wished"
and attained; for the export of timber and minerals in the
crude state, or in only one degree removed from the crude
state, is the merest pretence of developmnt. It is worse
than that: it is robbery of the Province by the individuals!
syndicates, or companies who for the time are controllers
or dominators of our national resources, to ship away,
for their own immediate gain, the raw material which is
used in other countries as the nurturing element of vas*
industries, and which if converted to its proper purposes
in British Columbia would bring wealth ta its people, and
establish its name as one of the great industrial centres
of the earth���a name which would endure not merely for
the present day, but through the years of competitive in
dustrial enterprise that fast is impressing itself upon us
as the predominant feature of the future on this continent
as well as in Europe and Asia, and in all the lands of the
seven seas. As it is, we have scarcely a tatter or patch
to our Provincial name except the reputation of illimitable, but unused wealth; and what a sorry spectacle it
would be if, persisting in nonchalant folly, we transmit
this same reputation to the next generation. Verily would
they storm the heavens with anathemas of their thriftless
progenitors, or at best they would scan us as we scan the
non-initiative Indian today, with a mingled feeling of pity
and contempt. Let us shun the indignity of inscribing
such a stigma on the opening years of this twentieth
century.
This Province is located within what is known as the
Cordillera Belt, running through North, Central and South
America, and it is the greatest mineral region in the world
���greatest in extent as well as greatest in variety. Canada's part of this great heritage is 1300 miles long by 400
miles wide, and comprises some 691,000 square miles. Except the Yukon and a section of thc adjacent North West
Territories, nearly all of this wide domain is within the
British Columbian boundary; but it yields in the Province
and Dominion only the equivalent of about $150,000 a mile,
as against $3,461,538 a mile in the adjacent States and in
Mexico. This is an astounding disparity, yet it is beyond
the region of any hypothesis that, however derelict and
unexploited it may be, British Columbia has in profusion
the elements and essentials for iron and steel production
; on a vast scale���the ore and coal in juxtaposition, with
the water power contiguous not only on Vancouver and
other island, but along the coast and throughout the mainland. Why, then, should we not establish iron and steel
manufactures which will enable us to compete, and compete successfully, in supplying the needs of not only the
Pacific coast, but of China, Japan, India and Eastern Asia,
as well as Australia and other parts of the Empire? There
I is no reason; and now is the time to initiate the enterprise.
The trade alliances which will spring up as a natural
concominanv. of the successful termination of the war,
will encircle the industrial productions of British Colum-
I bia on account of the spontaneous gallantry arid loyalty
j which impelled so many of her sons to don the uniform
| of their sovereign at a crucial moment, not only to the
j Empire but to humanity and civilization. In recognition
I of their heroic work, men and nations after the war will
I turn their eyes to the west rather than to the east of
Canada's wide domain. Men and nations will recognize
that far as the east is from the west, so are the people correspondingly severed in their temperament and in their
sympathy with the allies' cause. Freed from their military garb, the survivors of the slaughter will come to
western rather than eastern Canada. Europe will disband
over 20,000,000 men, and 400 Canadian factories, ceasing to
make munitions, the operatives will be free for service
elsewhere. The British disbanded soldier and freed munition worker will particularly wish to join the cohorts of
immigrants who will like an incursion sweep into and
through this superb Province. Many of these will be experts in one line of industry or another; and they would
be invaluable in the new enterprises of iron and steel
manufacture.
Russia itself���lethargic Russia���is even now urging us
to activity, and is verily knocking at our door enquiring
what it is we have to sell. And Japan is eagerly seeking
for such a readjustment nf the tariff as will enable her to
send her exports to Canada direct through llritish Columbia instead of as at present through the American ports,
anel (hence along American railways. To both these countries we might in return export iron and steel if wc would
only make it.
By tbis time we ought to be disillusionized of the real
estate boom���the epidemic of get-rich-quick ��� and we
ought to divest ourselves of the enervating effects of it,
and get down to real work and tbe production of iron and
steel from the unrivalled resources which are literally
lying around us on every hand. Let us abandon once and
for all, ihe huckstering notion of waiting for or depending
on Government subsidies for the establishment of industrial enterprises. The Government of thc temporiser is
ended. The new Government will give every legitimate
aid to industries in the way of raw material and the accessories of production, but it could hardly be expected
that they would also build a line of merchant ships at the
public expense for conveying the manufactured commodities {o the markets of tbe world, as the late Government
decided to do for thc lumber trade in the last moments
of its irrational frenzy for a renewed lease of power.
The rational utilization nf our marvellous resources is
all we need to make the world ring with the fame of British Columbian industries. Wc are confirmed in this view-
by a statement come to hand just as we were concluding
this article. It is from Dr. Milton Mersey, the eminent
mining scientist. He has recently visited, this Province,
and he says:,
"The West Coast badly needs thc iron industry developed. They have superb ore there, byt no iron or steel
works. They, have everything to make pig iron cheaper
than in the United States. All that is required is capital
and courage to effect a wonderful development."
A more gratifying endorsement of our views wc could
not desire; audi all we ask is that the business men of
Vancouver will take them to heart.
ORDER NOW Your
PRIVATE  GREETING CARDS
G. S. FORSYTH & CO.
Cor. Homer and Hastings Streets
OUR PORT AND HARBOR
WHEN Sir George E. Foster visited Vancouver,
be talked rodomontade and uttered heroics with
that easy flow and glibness of speech which has
become, by persistency, normal and natural to Him. But
Minister of Trade and Commerce though he is, and the
most dominant force in the Borden cabinet, we fail to find
any guidance, help or direction in tbe way of developing
our industries or utilizing the Port of Vancouver.
He came; he saw; but whether he has conquered or not
remains to be seen. It was to conquer or win the vote
at the impending general election that Sir George Foster
and the other two ministers of the Government came here
simultaneously, but it was not to see or ascertain the needs
of the Province or its people. Their visit was a dazzling
display of a pretended interest, and was designed as part
of a big electioneering campaign.
It cannot be that the. Minister of Trade and Commerce
for the past five years, is unaw'are of the conditions and
influences that have contributed to our stagnation, and
that have kept the port of Vancouver from developing
into what it is by nature and location, eminently calculated
to be���the outlet to the ocean for the western provinces,
at least as far east as Regina or Moose Jaw, and the harbor through which tlieir imports from all foreign countries
should reach tlieir destination.
Sir George Foster visited thc government grain elevator, but except the structure and perhaps the expenditure,
he saw nothing upon which he could congratulate himself
or his party. No grain from the prairies has come through
it, and no effort has been made by thc Borden government
to influence the transport of grain westward even from
places of such proximity as Alberta.
If thc government cannot control thc freight rates so
as to make them commendable to the grain shipper alone,'
the western route, it seems a rational thing to subsidize
them so as to open and develop this port.
Fully one half of the grain of the prairies finds its way
through the lakes into the United States, whence probably,
after being manufactured, or if not in its native state, it is
re-exported to the consuming countries of the world.
Thc other half is carefully coaxed eastward through Canada, and if it is not shipped in a rush before the freezing
of the ports, it is stored till the following spring and then
consigned to its destination. The farmer must necessarily
be a heavy lose* through this hurried and incongruous
method of selling and transporting his produce^ The grain
magnates are Americans or easterners; and the farmer, as
a general rule, needs thc money for his crop. As a way out
of his dilemma thc farmer sells for what he can get, and
rolls the risk of delay in shipment upon the purchaser.
The consumer, of course, eventually has to pay the totality
of everything, including interest upon the purchase price
for thc time that the grain may be in the elevator.
All this might be averted by shipping through Vancouver.
Now it was confidentially stipulated and promised that
with the opening of the Panama Canal the grain from Alberta and largely from Saskatchewan would be shipped
through Vancouver. We have now two railways which
run extensively through these provinces; the elevator was
erected as an indispensable of the grain transportation;
and the Panama Canal for the past two seasons, except
during a short interruption, has been in full operation.
But Vancouver port is still unused by the western grain
exporter.
We remember very well when Sir Richard McBride in
1909 projected the extension of the Canadian Northern
Railway through this province, that his main argument for
procuring thc assent of the people was that not only would
the new railway induce the shipping of grain westward,
but that running in competition with the C. P. R., there
would follow a levelling down of the freight rates which
then were, and still are, largely prohibitive. McBride
urged his point of the advantage to Vancouver arising
from the competition of the two parallel railways, and bc
got the public support to his proposal. But Bowser, as
soon as the government were installed, falsified all that
McBride had stated, and he removed the new railway from
thc arena of .competition by forming a separate and distinct, company for the British Columbian line, that is for
Mackenzie and Mann. The Canadian Northern Pacific
Railway is not the Canadian Northern, nor even a part of
it, and it is not under the control of the Dominion government or the Board of Railway Commissioners either as
regards its freight rates or otherwise. We may thank Mr.
Bowser alone for that act of perfidy and betrayal���an act
which has had the most disastrous effects to the port and
the province generally. It is an act which, when he first
sought election after it, should have secured him the
"kick-out" of an indignant and betrayed people. There is
no competition and no levelling down eef rates between the
Canadian Northern and ihc C. P. R. It is competent for
the Dominion government, in spite of the prohibitive
clause in the province's agreement with Mackenzie and
Mann, to declare the Canadian Northern Pacific Railway
through British Columbia to be for "the general advantage
of Canada," and in this way bring it and its rates under thc
control of the Railway Commissioners. But even then
thc abominable trick played by Mr. Bowser could not be
wholly rectified, for the Commissioners could not, in the
case of the Canadian Northern, fix a through rate from
the prairies to thc coast, as they can do in the case of
the C. P. R.( There is no reason why the Canadian Northern���that is the railway cast of thc_ Rockies���should
encourage its traffic westward.
The Canadian Northern Pacific���the B. C. Railway���
stands upon its own basis' and is operated and managed
as a separate company, .with a provincial charter. And it
is not, and will not be, its policy to lower its rates. This
is the result of Mr. Bowser's intrigue. Still the Ottawa
government could do much by bringing it under Dominion
control. The doing of this would have been a much more
profitable and business-like action by Mr. Stevens than
thc huge scheme of development projected by him in cooperation with thc Harbor Commissioners, who until they
propounded it seem to have been, if not oblivious, at least
regardless, of all public opinion.
Trade will make the port, which should adapt itself and
expand according to the needs. The laying out of the
harbor, ten years in advance, will not' accelerate anything.
The first thing that will operate beneficially on tliis
port will be local industries. The exporting of the products will assure us returning cargoes, and we will cease
to play "second fiddle" to the ports to the South of us" as
now we are largely doing in respect of the lumber trade.
It is notorious that large quantities of the lumber shipped
here are for the American shippers, and the cargoes go
to their destination in foreign countries, not as Canadian,
but as American goods. Thc vessels, as a consequence,
bring their return cargoes to American ports, and thence
large quantities of them are transported into Canada and
even into Vancouver. -
What is the use of a harbor with such perversity of
operation? ���
TJie wooden vessel scheme inaugurated by Mr. Bowser
at the last moment will not help thc port; for wooden
ships will never be chartered for return cargoes to any
extent worth reckoning. Nor were they designed for that
purpose, or to establish shipping in general at the port
of Vancouver, but solely in the interest of the lumber exporter, and the owners of the ships will not feel constrained to bring here return cargoes, for they are guaranteed
15 per cent, on their capital invested for the next ten
years. The vessels might lie in the.middle of the Pacific
and earn that handsome return according to Mr. Bowser's
bountiful plan���his usual plan of making somebody rich at
the Province's expense.
But the Shipping Act will soon come under review and
revision by the new government, and then we shall have
something more to say on the subject, particularly on the
subsidy.
It is most gratifying and encouraging, however, in spite
of the apathy and callousness of local men, to find that
the Dollar Shipping Company propose to make this their
chief Pacific port and centre of operation. Mr. Dollar, the
president of the Company, in announcing the fact, declares his determination to build up his traffic here just
as he did in California, and as an initial factor, he is establishing a large lumber mill for export purposes. Robert
Dollar is one of thc big business men of America, and he
sees the huge advantages and great potentials of this port,
and is preparing to link himself and his,company with its
fate. His action is a lesson to the men in Vancouver who
never seem to get on their feet for even a clear business
enterprise without being hoisted up by the government
and given a guarantee of its unfaltering support for the
ensuing ten or twenty years.
The Borden government are not likely to do anything
unless they apprehend defeat at the next election, and then
they might propound1 some scheme, as Mr. Bowser did,
that would for the time being placate the public. But the
measure of their intention and desire to foster this port
and the trade of The west was clearly manifested in thc reluctance or absolute unwillingness to appoint even a Trade
Commissioner at New York, though the Board of Trade
and others earnestly urged this as an absolute necessity,
and as a minimum of requirement, upon Sir George E.
Foster, who is the Minister of Trade and Commerce. What
countervailed upon him to oppose the proposal wc do not
know, except the ingrained propensity of building up the
east at tbe expense of the west.
returns are complete, about the 20th of October, abandon
the Crown Colony Government under which we now are
and under which Mr. Bowser serves him, and in obedience
to the constitution he must restore representative government. He must, in fact, call upon Mr. Brewster to form
a government in accordance with the vox populi, which is
the Province's return' to the general election writs issued
by himself. If he should attempt to do otherwise, speedy
means would be found to compel him to do right.
Mr. Bowser has performed many feats of jugglery, but
our constitutional rights are no longer poised between his
finger and thumb to spin<tt_vcm whatever way he likes.   He
(Continued on page 7)
OMNOOK
Breezes of Indignation
And Information
BOWSERS SERENE QUANDARY
WHETHER Mr. Bowser is a medium of mental tele
graphy or not, we do not know; but it is a coin
cidencc that immediately after printing our article
last week on the significance of his sombre silence since
the election, he revealed the inner working of his mind
in the form of a rather supercilious interview with our
contemporary, the PROVINCE.
We pointed out last week that by the completion of
the returns of the soldiers' vote, time itself would solve
the doubt as to the moment of Bowser's expulsion and
the formation of a new government. Mr. Bowser cannot
longer thwart or baffle the inevitable. But still, he thinks,
and no doubt fondly hopes, that in some way or other, by
juggling with the action pending against him at the suit
of Mr. Brewster, he may defer the observance of the Constitution by the Lieutenant-Governor, whose duty it is to
forthwith call upon the leader of the preponderating party
to form a government���that is, to name a new cabinet.
The question incidentally raised by Mr. Brewster's action���that all legislation after the 14th of March last is
void, has no significance for the Lieutenant-Governor;
nor can he, with all the partiality in the world for Mr.
Bowser, be influenced by it. He has already, viz., on the
1st day of June, assented to the bills passed after the 14th
of March, and to him they are law. Under amendments
to the Election Act, passed since that date, he issued his
writs for the general election, and the election has been
held formally and legally, so far as he is concerned or can
interpose.    He must, therefore, the moment the election
OF ALL THE magazines published on this continent
today, I know of none more interesting than Maclean's
Magazine, our own Canadian minthly. Ma-lean's doesn't
carry lewd stories, such as Maclure's, Hearst's, and some
other American periodicals. It isn't a party publication and
doesn't go in for muckraking. Vet the editors seem lo be
able to "put it over" with the Canadian public. Thc October number is a particularly creditable effort. Gadsby,
Leacock, and Robert W. Service are the headliners. Samuel G. Blytlie, the famous American who writes political
stuff for the Saturday Evening Post, never penned anything on.the political situation over tliere more clever than
Gadsby's Canadian story, "Ribbing up the Liberal Party."
I claim to be something of a printer, and I believe that
Maclean's is one of the best-dressed magazines offered
for sale in Vancouver. They carry a bunch of business
in the last issue which will delight Ihe heart of anyone
looking for signs of a return of prosperity to Ihis Dominion.
* * * ���
WHEN THAT SELF-APPOINTED league of gentlemen
undertook to carry out a scheme of registration in Vancouver, they did the cause of King and Country more
harm than good. I know of many cases where thc abortive
project scared certain young men out of the country who,
if conscription had been brought into force, would have
been available for military service. We seem lo be developing a great number of medlesome matties in this
city; we'll soon be as bad as Toronto in this respect. If
we had a little more brains and less corporation at Ottawa, the question of enlistment in Canada would receive
proper attention.
PAUL EMILE LE MARCHE, K. C, late federal member
for Nicolet, said at a banquet in Montreal, Monday, "The
poor people arc forced to go to the war, while others profit." Paul is full of pea soup when he talks like that. He
knows as well as I that tbe rich men of Canada have, on
the whole, "played the game" since the war broke out.
The aristocracy of Montreal, though I have no love for
them nor the protective tariff upon which they fatten, have
given of their gore and their gold. But Le Marche of
Nicolet, needs votes at the coming federal election. Te>
get the goodwill of the padre in the village, he does not
hesitate to utter any sort of slanderous and malicious
statements.
I WAS DOWN at the C. P. R. docks the other day and
watched the loading of one of the boats for the Orient.
At one point huge bundles were being slung into the hold.
"That's barbed wire?" I said to a shipping expert who
was there. "No," he said, "that's German tangle foot".
Hundreds of tons of barbed .wire have been shipped to
Russia from Vancouver. Some say its for the armies on
thc Eastern front, to be used in making barricades; others
tell mc that it is for the farmers in Russia and for the railways over there.
* * *
A FIGHT TO a finish between a tank and a tangle was
the outstanding and dramatic feature of the capture of Le
Sara, and our fellow vagabond, Felix Penne, could not let
the occasion pass without a poem. Here it is and it's
worthy of PUNCH:
Oh! we druv our "tank" a rollin' on the red grass at Le
Sars,
We druv our "tank" a rollin' fast an' free!
Oh! yer shud 'av seen us manglin' all the bloomin' wire
works tanglin',
1 can tell yer 'twas a pretty sight to see.
For it's rush, an1 clash, an' smash, when the Tank is on
the dash���
It's bash an' smash, an' crash along tbe way.
No bunker an' no bank can ever stop thc tank,
She's as merry as a kitten at her play.
/
How we peppered all the Huns with our steel-protected
guns!
An' our driver callin' "Mansion House or Bank?"
Oh! make no bloomin' error, the Tank she's just a terror,
No cab was ever like 'er on the rank,
An' the Tank, so gay an' skittish, you can bet yer life she's
British!
Yes! she's British���not constructed by the Yanks.
She's thc sort that does her work on the German or the
Turk;
When we offer: "Have a lift?" they cry "No tanks!"
.1 met a man the other day who said that Felix was one
of the WORLD'S redeeming features.
4 * *
SOME DAYS AGO I was on a New Westminster tram-
when Felix came into the smoking compartment and proceeded to unlimber. Soon he had attained his beloved position, the centre of attraction. Behind me I heard a man
say to another:
"Who is the old blighter?"
"Him," was the reply. "Why that's old Dia-jones, who
writes for the PROVINCE newspaper. Everybody knows
Dia-jones."
When I told Felix some time after that the gentleman
had mistaken him for Diogenes of the PROVINCE, he-
was very wrath.
"Not the first time it's happened," said he; "and it's
damned annoying."
* * *
THE STANDARD BANK BUILDING is rapidly filling
up. In tbe directory of tenants I notice the names of
some of the most reliable and conservative firms. Of
Vancouver's many office buildings, it is, in my opinion,
that the structure erected by Mr. J. W. Weart is the most
beautiful and substantial. SATURDAY,   OCTOBER   14,   1916
THE  STANDARD
THKK
Mr. Claude Highmoor has returned
from a two weeks vacation spent at
Cheakamus.
* + a
Among recent visitor-, at the Hotel
Clark in Los Angeles, were Mr. ami
Mrs. W.  D. Powell.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. Frank Marriou spent
the week-end at Xanaimo, returning
to the city on Monday evening.
* * *
Miss Elizabeth Banks, author of
"The Autobiography of a Newspaper
Girl," "Thc Mystery of Frances Partington," and other stories, is making an extended tour of Canada for
tbe London "Daily Express," and is
spending a short time in Vancouver,
a guest al Glencoe Lodge.
tt * *
Mr. and Mrs. A. McL. Hawks of
Tacoma, Wash., who have been visiting in Victoria and Nanaimo. are
spending a few days here before returning home.
* * *
' Mrs. Somerset Aikins and Miss
Mary Aikins of Naramata have been
spending some time with Sir James
and Lady Aikins in Winnipeg on
their way to take up residence in
Montreal for the winter.
* * *
The hat which was donated... to
Ward Five branch of the Red Cross
social was drawn for under the direction of Mrs. Logic. 319 was thc
lucky number, which was held by Mr.
McAllister.
There will be a meeting "'* the
South Vancouver Women's Liberal
association on Monday, October Id,
when final arrangements will be made
for the Calico masquerade dance to
in- held on  Hallowe'en.
* * *
Mrs. Gordon Raphael of this city
and her two children spent last Saturday in Winnipeg en route to Montreal, where she will spend Ihc- next
few months with her parents. Vice-
Dean and  Mrs.  MacLeod, of  McGill
university.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. James Gordon of
this city are spending a few days at
Victoria.
* * *
Dr. and Mrs. Dickie spent the holiday in Victoria as guests at the Empress hotel.
* * *
On Monday, October 23rd. Mr.
Charles Macdonald will give a lecture
at 4362 Main Street on "The Statutes
of Canada since the Confederation.''
Tllis is the first of a series of lectures
to be given during the winter under
the auspices of the South Vancouver
Women's Liberal association.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. Dalby Brooks Morkill have taken a suite at No. 9
Broughton apartments for thc winter.
Mr. Morkill expects to arrive in Vancouver next week from Northern li.
C, where be has been engaged in
making mineral surveys during the
summer months.
Announcement  has  been   made
the- engagement in San Diego, Cal., of
Mi,, Ossie '���'.. Berry, second daughter
of Mr. and Mrs. II. L. Berry of San
Diego, formerly of De Funiak Springs
Fla., to Mr. Rolf S. Perry, B.Sc, ��� I
c-t son oi Mr. and Mrs  Ge >r..*e- S. II.
Perry of Vancouver, the marriage being arranged  for some time in January, after the close- of the San   Dieg
exposition, at  which  the prospective
bridegroom has been on the staff of
thc Canadian Exposition commission.
* * *
i
Through the kindness of Mr. Lock-)
yrc of the- Hudson's Bay Company in
placing the beautiful Imperial Tea
Rooms at the disposal oi the Valcar-
tier Camp chapter, I. 0. D. E��� on the
afternoon of Wednesday. October 18,
the chapter is enabled to invite all
those interested in contributing toward thc Christmas cheer of the prisoners of war, to/ participate in a tea
and bridge on the above date. Those
wishing to engage tables for bridge
should notify Mrs. II. T. Lockyer.
1436 Burnaby street, convenor. Tea
tickets may be had from Hudson's
Bay Company or from members of
the chapter.
+ * *
Sir Richard Meliride. Mr. F. Orr
Lewis and Mr. W. L. Griffith have
been appointed the committee to apportion among the Merchant Service
Institutions the 'proportions of the
benefit .of the dependents of seamen
of thc British navy and the mercantile
marine.
New Autumn Suits of Excellent
Quality, $15.00
���Smart models of Tweeds, striped cloths and Gabardines ��� many have inlaid
velvet collars and cuffs, others have solid velvet collars and cuffs. There are a
.wide range of blues, blacks and browns, in a variety of styles to choose from. All
well tailored garments in all sizes. ��d*1 C AA
Choice. for       ��P 10. W
Extraordinary Value in Winter Coats
For Women, $15.00
���This assortment will certainly retain the interest of every woman, Friday. In
the latest flake, yoke and belted styles, arc designed Coats of smart, seasonable
tweeds, velvet trimemd, with patch pockets and convertible collar, fastening close
to the neck.   Misses' and ladies' sizes. d��1 C f\f\
Special    N> 10.UU
A Wonderful Dress Value at $15.00
���One of the marvels of the season���this fashionable, new lot of dresses, showing*
belted and straight line effects, in a variety of pretty, fashionable coloring's, and
a wide range of sizes. Such pretty drcssesfor Fall are not to be seen *flj I E! f\(\
outside of this store at this small cost         **P * OaUU
Qhefiudson'sBaatfompamj
iNConponartD myo
tlttltHTt.lUMIOfiE StDHnCOHMISSIOHH
Lieut. Walter Ralph Corfield of the
Cheshire  Regiment, who    has    been
awarded the Military Cross, is the
fifth son of Mr. G. T. Corfield of
Vancouver Island.
* * *
Mrs. I'eter of San Francisco is
visiting Mrs. Melville Dollar, Shaughnessy Heights.
* * *
Miss Bertha Hosang lias arrived in
Montreal t" resume her studies at the
R yal Victoria college.
* * *
Miss  Ruth  Smith,  who is teaching
school  at   Hardy   Island,   spent   the
:n Vancouver.
* �� *
Mr. and Mrs. Harry Bryant have
returned to Nanaimo from a visit
with relatives in the city.
* * *
Brigadier-General R. '',. Edwards
Leckie, C.M.G., of Vancouver, and
Brigai ier-General W. O. H' Dodds
i real, have taken over train-
ing division and infantry brigade commands, respectively, at Brarhshott
Mrs. Crawford, who spent the slimmer here with her daughter, has returned to her home ir Winnipeg.
* * +
Miss I'.mnia Davies of the General
hospital staff bas been visiting at her
former home in Naramata for a week.
* * *
Miss Dorothy Langford is visiting
in  Vernon.
* * *
Mr. George Beattie was in the city
for the Thanksgiving from Nanaimo.
* * *
Dr. and Mrs. Hugh L. Dickey were
in Victoria for the week-end at the
Empress Hotel.
* * *
*
Mrs. Lembkc of Kerrisdale has left
to visit her brother at Armstrong for
a few weeks.
* * *
Principal and Mrs. MacKay were
expected ' to arrive in the city this
week.
* * *
Mrs. Fred. Ryan and Miss Kathleen
Ryan expect to leave during the next
two weeks for England.
* * *
Captain Bond Roose received word
yesterday that bis nephew, Brigadier-
General Freddie G. Lewis, has been
promoted to general.
* * *
Mrs. A. F. Perry expects to leave
tbe city on October 20 for Louisville.
Ky., after which she will proceed to
California to spend tbe winter.
* * *
Mrs. Matthew Hall of Vancouver,
who has been spending a short time
in Victoria during her husband's absence at the front, is at present in
Kamloops, where her son. Matthew,
who was on internment eatnpguard
duty, is seriously ill with typhoid fever.
-' +. * *
Lieut. R. L. Haggard, Princess Patricia's C. L. I., who has been wound-
eel recently, is a nephew of Sir Rider
Haggard,
* * *
Mrs. J. Browning, after spending
several weeks in Victoria visiting
with friends, has returned to her home
in  Vancouver.
. * * *
Miss Carter, who is attending the
Normal school, spent thc holiday with
her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Carter, in
Nanaimo.
* * +
Mrs. Jack Ncwcomb.' who has
been visiting friends in the city for
the past week, returned to Victoria
on Monday.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. H. H. Watson and
Miss Watson have returned from Calgary, where they were for the last
three weeks.
* t. *
Mr. and Mrs. William Buckett of
Victoria were the guests of Mr. and
Mrs. H. Treager, Mount Pleasant, over the holiday.
* * *
Mrs. R. A. Harvey of this city is
amongst the passengers who sailed
from Liverpool on September 29th.
on the S. P. Matagama.
* * * 9
Mr. and Mrs. .1. D. McNeill' have
been staying at Harrison Hot Springs
during thc past week.
* * *
Mrs. Rant and Miss Rant of Victoria, who have been visiting in the
city I'm- a few days as the guests of
Mrs. llutchins. have returned hi inc.
The waist donated by the Specialty
Shop to the Mizpah Circle of King's
Daughters, was won by Mrs. LePage.
1773 Georgia Street, with ticket No.
199.
Store opens at 8.30 a.m. and closes at 6 p.m.
Fall Knit Underwear
For Women and Children
THE assortments were never more complete and prices considering the times never more moderate. These goods were
bought early, and therefore large price advances are not a feature of these lines. Select your winter's supply now; it will be
to your advantage from an economical point of view.
Women's fleeced cotton
Vests and Drawers, in High
neck, long sleeve. Dutch
neck and elbow sleeve, ankle length, open styles; 35c
garment.
Women's cream colored
fleeced cotton Vests iu
high, low and V-neck
styles, long or elbow-
sleeves, ankle or knee
length drawers; 50c garment.
Women's wool finished
Vests aud Drawers, high
or Dutch neck, long, or elbow sleeves, ankle and
knee drawers; 75c garment.
Women's wool and cotton
mixed Vests and Drawers,
low or Dutch neck, elbow
or short sleeves, knee and
ankle length; $1 garment.
575 GRANVILLE
UNION SUITS
Fleeced cotton Union Suits,
high neck and long
sleeve, Dutch neck and elbow sleeve, ankle length;
special, $1.
Heavy weight fleeced cotton Union Suits, high or
Dutch neck, elbow or long
sleeves, $1.25 outsize, $1.50
suit.
Wool-mixed Union Suits,
low neck, elbow sleeve,
and  knee   length;   $2   suit.
CHILDREN'S
UNDERWEAR
-Fleeced cotton Vests and
Drawers, long sleeves, ankle  length, 50c garment.
Wool mixed Vests and
Drawers, long sleeves,
knee or ankle length; 1-
year size, 75c; rise. 5c size.
Wool Vests and Drawers,
long sleeves, ankle or knee
drawers; 2-year size, $1;
rise, 5c size.
Phone Sey. 3540
Lieut. Gordon S. Hopkins, who left
Vancouver on June 11 with a reinforcement of Pioneers, cabled last
week to his sister that he is now in
France.
Mrs. Thomas H. Allan. North Vancouver, has as her guest her sister,
Miss Marguerite Bowie of Collingwood, Ont, who has arrived or, an
extended visit.
Mrs. Frank Raymer and family.
who have been spending the summer
months visiting Vancouver, Victoria
and other coast cities, have returned
to their home in Rossland.
Mr. and Mrs. r. H. Heaps, with
their two children, have gone to Gar-
nett Valley, where they will reside.
Mr. Heaps has purchased some property there anel is building a home in
the valley.
Mr. and Mrs. Nelson MacNcill of
Matsqui announce tlic engagement of
tlieir daughter. Gladys, to Mr. Frank
Ansbery Beharrcl. The marriage will
take place at the family residence on
October 18.
Mrs. W. A. Craig. 2466 Fifth Avenue west, announces the engagement
of her daughter, Ethel Mae. to Mr.
Elwell Johnson Walker, the marriage
to take place the latter part of October.
Mrs. W. A. Webb of Nanaimo. after spending several days visiting
with friends here, returned home on
Monday via Victoria.
Mrs. M. A. Macdonald will receive
for the first time since her marriage
at her home. 1256 Thirteenth avenue
west, on Friday, October 13.
Mrs. Stanley Brown, who has been
confined to the house for a few days
as the result of an automobile accident,  has  now  fully recovered.
* * *
Contributions intended for the Red
Cross society, it is reeiuested, should
hereafter be addressed to Mr. VV. S.
Buttar, honorary secretary, 626 Pender street west, instead of being addressed as hitherto.
��� Mrs. Charles Milne*, who has been
visiting her sister, Mrs. F. M. Black,
at Calgary, has left for England, and
will remain tliere while her husband.
Colonel Milne, of tbe '58th battalion,
is on active service.
Mr. and Mrs. F. A. Smith and
family of Agassiz have returned home
much sooner than they expected from
a motor trip through the States, owing to their little daughter (Geral-
tlinel being taken suddenly ill.
Mrs. A. Edwin Kerridge, who has
i been visiting her sister. Mrs. J. R.
Badger, in North Vancouver, since
the departure of her husband, Sergt.
A. Edwin Kerridge with thc C. M. R..
is leaving soon for England.
Mrs. A. Mclntyre spent th< weekend and holiday iu Victoria, where
she attended a meeting of the executive of lhe Provincial Political Equality league, which was held there
on Saturday evening. Others who
attended from the mainland were
Mrs. Wiggins and Mrs. Godson of
Xew Westminster.
For the purpose of raising funds
for the Canadian prisoners of war in
Germany, a whist drive, social and
dance, under the auspices of the Woman's Loyal Circle, is to be held in
the Moose Hall. Welton Block. 325
Howe street, on October 17. A drawing for a handsome cushion will take
place during the evening.
Miss Vera Norfolk of Kamloops arrived in the city this week to begin
training at St. Paul's hospital.
Mrs. J. T. Black of Nelson, accompanied by her son, Morris, is visiting
Vancouver and other coast points.
* * *
Miss Muriel Carruthers, who is
teaching at Tine'iead, Surrey, spent
the holiday with her parents in Vancouver.
* * *
Mrs. C. H. Elkins bas arrived in
town from Prince Rupert to spend
the balance of the year with her
parents. ���Asi
FOUR
THE   STANDARD
SATURDAY,   OCTOBER    14,    1916
Mackay���Hall-Jones
The following details of the marriage.- of Rev. Principal Mackay of
this city arc taken from the Winnipeg
Free Press. St. Augustine church,
Winnipeg, was the scene of a pretty
wedding on Thursday evening at 8.30
when Evelyn S.. eldest daughter of
Mr. ami Mrs. M. Hall-Jones, bc
the bride of the Rev. Principal John
Mackay. 1). I)., of Vancouver. The
ceremony was performed by the Rev.
Leslie Pidgeon, assisted l,y the moderator, Dr. Baird. The bride, who
was given in marriage by her father,
w.'re her travelling suit of navy blue
broadcloth, oyer a dainty blouse of
ivory Georgette crepe, embroidered
in while silk. Her hat, a Cave- model,
of black velvet, had a soft r ige .-.had
ing from pale rose to pale green She
were white fox furs and carried a
shower bouquel of roses and valley
lillies, She also wore ihe bridegroom's gift, a gold wrist watch. Mis-.
Allie Nickel of Minnesota acted as
bridesmaid; she wore a Joffre Une-
suit, trimmed with mole skin, with a
hat to match, and carried a bouquet
of pink roses. She wore her gift from
the groom, a handsome    dinner ring.
The Rev. R. F. I.aidlaw assisted the
groom. Prof. Leonard Heaton presided at the organ and played- softly
throughout the ceremony. During the
signing of the register Miss Louise
Mackay sang "Love's Coronation."
Mrs. Hall-Jones, mother of tlie bride,
wore a gown of wistaria satin, the
bodice trimmed wiih cut sieel and
georgette crepe to match, and hal of
black velvet, with a black wing held
in place by an ornamcnl of gold and
wistaria, and black lynx furs. Little
Mi-- Mn'rcy I lall-Joiies. si.-'.er of the
bride, wore a frock of pale blue latin,
with an overdress of whit'- lace-, thc
sash held in place by a large- rose.
Her hat "f ideated black velvet, trimmed wilh pale pink and blue- roses,
After the service an informal reception was held at the home of the
bride's parents. The house was beautifully decorated with pink and white
roses. After the ceremony Rev. and
Mrs. Mackay left on lhe. 10.15 train
for Banff and Lake Louise before going to Vancouver, where they will
make tlieir future  home.
HOW DO YOU
BUY BREAD?
Do you ask for, and get, just a "loaf of bread," or do
you, like the wise, discriminating buyers, order
SMAX and
SUNLIGHT
"THE   BETTER   BREADS"
These are wholesome, nutritious���made in a modern,
sanitary bakery���in every' detail as good bread as
conscientious effort can make them.
Every loaf crisp, tender, delicious���done to a turn.
If your grocer cannot supply you, phone Fairmont
443 and we'll get it to you prompt.
HAMPTON-PINCHIN
Bakers of Better Bread
Phone Highland 137
Grandview Hospital
1090 VICTORIA  DRIVE
VANCOUVER     -     B.C.
Medical : Surgical  : Maternity
Rates   from  $15.00  per  week
PHONE: SEV. 900
MacDONALD & HAY
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc,
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.
��i.b'��*l693   *'   i. Reitnd&evi
CENTER & HANNA LIMITED
NeAv ! ocation, 1049 GeftriaV Stfccl, optwsilftnew
..-*��������� Y.M.C.-A.-   >
THE THREE MUSKETEERS
T.HESE three Pa's ot the C.P.R. staff In London, England (reading
from Sett to right: R. J. Harden, Passenger Department; E. G.
Moore, Advortiidng Department; and P. T. Roberts, Management Department), at the Outbreak o�� War lost no time in offering their services
for their King and Country, and within eight days of the Declaration of
War they had all been posted to tho 24th County of London Regiment
(The Queen's). ���
They trained together, and early in 11)15 they crossed together to
Prance. They shared together the privations of trench warfare in the
early months of that yesr. and in the great battles in which their Regiment took part; but in May all throe were wounded, Harden and Roberts
only slightly, but Moore, in the Civenchy fight, was- so seriously injured
that he was Invalided to England and since his recovery has. to his great
refc-ret, been fit for dome service only. Harden and Roberts had rejoined
their Regiment by J-jno and a month later Harden, who had been promoted to Lance-Corporiil. was again hit, this time very seriously and since
then remained in Wharncliffe Hospital, Sheffield, where he has undergone so many operations that he is looked upon as a wonaer by his
doctors and a darling by his nurseB and lady visitors. Though no longer
able to take his part In the strenuous work at the front, he has yet had
plenty of opportunity of showing his possestslon of one of the most soldierly virtues���patient endurance. It Is hoped that after fifteen months
In hospital he will soon be able to return to the service of the Company.
Roberts, the only remaining member of the trio, was promoted Corporal at the end of 1915, and news now comes of his promotion to the
rank of Sergeant and the award to him of the Military Medal "for bravery
in the field," in an action on May 23rd last. In decorating him General
Sir Henry Wilson���the Corps Commander���stated the award was
given "For gallantly leading an attack on a flank under very heavy fire,
nnd directing his men In operations for four hours after being wounded."
During these operations he was wounded, but has again rejoined his
Regiment, and seems to be under the impression tuat he has not yet dons
all his bit.
Sandy says Amalgamation o' Greater
Vancoover wud be a  guid thing
15?
IN SUPPORT OF LOCAL
TALENT
Weel treens, noo that iln- provincial elections arc a thing o' the
past, wc hae a wee.bitty mare tirm
i.it- oorsels, an' in ilu- reaction fol-
low-in' tin- "landslide," some subjecks
arc begiiinin' tae- crop up that hae
lay en dormant the las) year or twa
back.
The i'.-ic-i ei' Wee Wullie'.-. Business
Government bein' cleaned off ihe map
seems tae inspire hope in the l.erts
ci* .yuile folk who hae taen a lively
interest in the establishment o' some
practical form o' municeepal government for the whole o' Greater Vancoover, They seem tae hae a kin o'
an idea noo that they hae got rid
o' the wee fellie an' liis miserable
crowd they'll bc able tae get some
richt business done���business that'll
be fur the welfare e>' the whole community instead  o' a favored few.
Afore 1 go any further though, I
wild like tae ken what that son-of-a-
gun Ilowser means by haudin' on tae
office efter the slap in the e'e he got
on the 14th September. In the inspired party press it's gien oot that
he's owre at Victoria jStraightenin'
things up so that everything '11 be
O. K. for Brewster when he tales up
office (lood cheers).
What a piece o' humbug! Fancy
Bowser tryin' tae mak it orlyeasier
for onybody that wis agin him, an'
especially for Macdonald an' Brewster, who were mainly instrumental
in lettin' the licht o' day in on a few
o' the ongauns that had taken place
in the past.
Freens, 1 hae my ain ideas why
Wullie's haudin' on as .long as he
legally can, an' why he's sae busy
owre at Victoria. I guess yae hae
some opinyin as tae that yersels.
If Wullie bad a spark o' a gentleman in him lie wud hae resigned in-
stanter the meenit the result o' the
elections wis kent, an' he wud hae
earned respeck for an action o' that
kind as bein' the only coorse open
for a man who had lost the confidence
o' the electorate an' had been igno-
minously kicked oot o' office.
I wis talkin' lae a fellie who I pit
a great deal o' trust in, an' he gien
me a quiet tip that there's certain
things connected wi' Dominyin Trust
maitters that hinnie yet saw the licht
o' day but when they are revealed
will show even marc conclusively the
guilt o' thc late government in that
miserable robbery,
1 never at ony time had ony true
doobts as tae wha wis responsible for
the robbin' o' the depositors. The
Wee Fellie oot to' bis ain m'ob'th confessed that bc knew the bill wis ultra
vires���the bill that robbed the depositors o' their savin's. But there wis
ither things connected wi' the trTiev-
ery thai were never cleared up1���an'
it wis upon these pints that 1 got the
e|iiiel tip lhat there wis gaun. tae be
rcvelashitns,
Hooever, gettin' back tab what I
wis savin' aboot the quoatyin "' the
government o' Greater Vancoover.
The questyin o' thc amalgamation
p.' the various suburbs o' Vancoover
wi' the city wis a very lively questyin
about three or tower years ago. The
electors o' Vancoover an' the adja
cent muntceepalities baith a -reed nn
the desirability o' a central government lac look efter the interests p".
the district as a whole.
Votes were taken on the questyin
an' in each case the electors endorsed
| the plan, but McBride an' the Wee
Fellie in their wisdom (lobd lauth-
ter) didnie think it wild be in the
best interests o' the citizens. They
didnie mention what citizens���certain
it is it weel hae been "the means o'
throw-in' some o' the machine citizens oot o' comfortable jobs.
. Hooever. noo that we hae tliat miserable crew oot o' office, there's
some hope that this questyin 'II be
judged on its merits. A scheme tae
abolish the waste an' extravagance
prevalent in oor systems o' local government through ovcrlappin' an' dltp-
licashun o' officials shouldnie be very
bard tae devise���when we realise that
we'll hae prohibeeshon (yae can pit
either cheers or lauchter in here.
Maister Fruiter, whatever yae say
yersel)  within   Ihe  next  year or sac.
In discussiri' tbe questyin b' a
Greater Vancoover, quite a wheen
folk hae referred tae the Coonty
Cooncil  plan,  as  adopted    in    some
i; i.i es back east an' iu the auld country as bein' the system maist likely
tae produce guid n-sulis in the amalgamation ��� '' Vancouver an' the niuni-
Icecpalities.
The fact .,' lhe County Council
plan   bein'  adopted   bark   east   wudnie
I be muckle o' a rccommendasbun, bin
'a fellie wis tellin' mc thai in the
districts where they hae that form o'
government lhe inhabitants are nearly
a' descendants o' the laud o' the
thistle.
The   system   has   worked   weel   in
|London, whaur, if I min' richt. Lord
Rosebery, the laird o' Dalmeny, wis
the first chairman.
Natives o' Midlothian '11 remember
the Midlothian Coonty Cooncil which
had control o' a' the districts lyin'
ayont the city o' Edinburgh an' the
Burgh o' Lcith. an' which wis certainly a model for ither bodies tae.
copy in the wey that they haundled
thc administration o' that famous district.
Vancoover an' the adjacent numi-
cecpalities are even better suited for
sic a form o' government, for they
arc a' connected up wi' car lines rin-
nin' intae the hert o' the city, which
maks tbe inhabitants .practically citizens o' Vancoover. In fact the majority o' the populashon o' the oot-
side districts only leave the city when
it's time tae gaun tae bed.
A' the same 1 dinnie think the
Coonty Cooncil plan wud be the best
for Greater Vancoover. It wud still
leave cooncils an' officials in tlic different muntceepalities, an' that's wan
thing that's no' necessary. The district comprisin' Greater Vancoover is
comparatively small compared tae
the districts aforementioned, an' as I
hae said afore, we're sufferin' frae a
duplicasbun o' officials an' control
that disnie mak for efficiency. Hooever, that's a thing that can be thoroughly thrashed oot by the people
thcmsels, an' noo's the time when
that subjeck should be taken up.
Vancoovcr's in a kin o' state o'
convalescence frae the big financial
spree that acted sae bad ou her
nerves, an' the inhabitants are com-
mencin' tae gel quite rational in their
talk.
The real estate fever's passed off
an' left a healthier public feelin' as
the result.
Folk hae learnt that they cannie
hope tae prosper or help tae build up
'a  city  an'  thereby  provide   for  their
lain  an' their bairns'  future  by  takin'
i in each ither's washih',
Vancoover an' the suiToondin' intt-
nicipalitjes arc each dependent on
wan anither. They're like the human
body   in   that   yae   cannie   injure   yae
I member without thc whole body sitf-
M	
I term ���
The',duplicashui1 o' offices an' officials is wan o' ihe curses V.-uicoover
an' the adjacent numiceepalities suffer frae.
Wc se,- ii iii the herbor o' Burrard
Inlel an' in connection wi' the Xorth
lAirm u' the I-'rascr. W'e sec it in oor
Ipolis force; oor fire brigade oor health
authorities, oor roads ��� an', nfaist
important u' a', in the development
o' new industries. The-re's a clash o'
authority coupled wi' lots o' ovcrlappin' an' oftentimes petty jealousies
among the cooncillors an' officials.
Tbe lime's gone bye when the necessity for. providin' jobs for the re-
I tire-el realestateocracy wis the paramount feature o' local government.
The time's gone bye when certain
petty interests should be allowed tae
intervene'against amalgamation simply because it wud mean the end o'
their official municipal "existence."
Vancoover an' her suburbs hae
reached a time iii their history when
men wi' ideas awa frae "so muckle per
month" has got tae tak a hauncl 'in
her upbuilding
"Yae cannie mak bricks without
straw." an' neither can yae hope tae
bring industry an' prosperity wi' the
slipshod methods o' government in
vogue here at present.
Hooever, noo that the citizens o'
Vancoover hae gut rid o' the Bowser
ootfit they'll be better able tae tak
up this questyin cm its proper merits
an' thereby help tae lay tbe foonda-
I tions o' the Future Greater Vancoover.
Yours through the heather,
SANDY MACPHERSON.
By Laura Rees Thomas
()n Thursday evening of la=t week
a really delightful chamber concert
Was given by .Madame Enid Martin
I lauson   in   the   ()val   Room   of   tl I
Motel   Vancouver.    Madame   Hai 	
is herself a cultivated and clever i*o-
���ali-l. having received her training in
I'an's and .Milan under the finest
teachers, ami she was assisted by-
three of our best local anisic-, \\/..
Miss Mamie Scruby, Miss Elsie Alexander, and Mr. Ilolreiyil Paull.
Tbe- evening can only be described
as having been a very smart, euler-
laining and interesting one. thorough
ly enjoyed by the fairly large number present, I say advisedly, the
fairly large audience, il certainly was
��� if fair proportions, but���it might have
been, larger. I would wish lhat there
bad not been a vacant chair, in fad
(hat the room had been filled to overflowing, even as the Opera House Was
lo hear Miscba Elman, or other theatres, on uther occasions, when great
people have visited Vancouver.
I think I am a little jealous for
our own home talent, fur, abhuugb
we cannot all climb to tllc top rung
of the ladder of fame���that is reserved for a very select few���we certainly
have amongst us some most efficient
and painstaking artistes, who have
made a good show in the climb, and
are worthy of the fullest ami most
unanimous support of the public. One
bates to think there is any truth iu
the old adage tllat "familiarity
breeds contempt," or the Scriptural
quotation that "A prophet is not without honor, save in bis own country."
During thc last two or three years,
when times have been far from good
in tbis country, particularly since the
commencement of the great war, we
all know that the generality ofl people "have, to a more or less extent,
suffered financially, but there is no
class that has been more severely hit
than the "professional'' in the musical world, and otber branches of art.
Then, too, this professional class bas
been called upon unceasingly to, give
of their services gratuitously, to
which call they have responded nobly
and have done their bit generously.
We would not go into a store and
demand the proprietor to give all his
takings to the cause of charity, yet
we have no hesitation in demanding
that the artiste, whose art is his
means of livelihood, to give of his
goods. Then, in return, let lovers of
art and music in this city, show their
gratitude and when any of our best
recognised home professionals call
for support, give it en masse. We all
thrive better n material encouragement, and 1 venture to suggest that
musicians, however ethereal anil inspired, are still like the young bus-
band who after the fifth day of marriage felt he would be much better
mi a good beef steak and onjons than
a further diet of "Angel'' food.
ForJIale
$150~CASH
Through their representative
going to the War, the famous
Australian firm of Trewhellas
want to immediately quit 6
(SIX)  of their world-renowned
Tree and Stump Grubbers
THEY  WILL TAKE
$150   EACH   CASH
for the full equipment, which
was selling at $200 before the
big rise in materials. Otherwise���we are instructed to return them to Australia if NOT
SOLD WITHIN 60 DAYS.
THIS IS A VALUABLE
OPPORTUNITY for anyone
wanting the world's best clearing machinery.
Send CASH $150 ami Order
Now to
The Campbell
Storage Co., Ltd.
857   BEATTY   STREET
VANCOUVER, B. C.
"Do you realize, John Hays, that
you are guilty of contempt of court,
sir, and that you may he sent to the
chain gang for six months for refusing to go home quietly? I will permit you to join your family if your
court conduct shows you worthy of
parole. Once again . . . will you
go directly home from here?" The
judge was plainly indignant.
But Hays merely shivered and
stubbornly shook his head. "No,
sir."
"Am I to understand you prefer
jail to home?" his honor demanded.
"Have you no .conscience?"
"It ain't my conscience, judge,"
Hays replied sadly, "it's my mother-
in-law. She dared me to come back."
* * *
"Well, I'll tell you, gents," said
Mr. Gap Johnson, who was serving-
on a jury at Rumpus Ridge, Ark, "1
kain't presizely see how the prisoner
could have burnt the barn on the night
in question, bein' as he 'pears to have
been in jail at Tumlinville at the
time. But as somebody has been piz-
onin' my dogs, and he looks like that
sort of a cuss, for my part I find him
guilty."
Classified Advertising
FLORISTS
BROWN BROS. & CO., LIMITED,
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, 43
Hastings St. E., and 782 Granville
Street, Vancouver, B. C.
WATCHMAKER
10,000 WATCHES and CLOCKS
wanted .to clean and repair at the
factory, 438 RICHARDS STREET.
LONG   DISTANCE   TELEPHONING is
not a mere word message; it is a conversation ��� a live conversation, in which em-
t, i
phasis and personality can be used, and a definite
and complete understanding reached. There is
no waiting for an answer.
B.C. TELEPHONE CO. LTD. SATURDAY,   OCTOBER   14,   1910
THE STANDARD
FIVE
WHAT A  CONSERVATIVE
JOURNAL THINKS
of tl i        cm
in  lhe elee tie n  ia the return  of  Mr.
V    V  ' :      t the I
|i II  in   Vane ouvcr.    Scrii
have been mi
ab!.  charges  which   .     '
him  a  criminal  desci if im
oiuneiii.     The    I      I  case,   a
develo i ugh    the    Vancouver
plugging, ineain thai Mr. Mac,: ���
had imported an elee tion crook and
that he had paid I ir this dirty wurk
and subsequently paid heavily to pre
vent the truth fr m coming to light,
No more serious charge could be
inaele against a public man. In his
very aide address in ihe Old Victoria Theatre iln- Premier elaborated
a iiio^i convincing argument al ng
these lines, and practically endorsed
the charge in its entirety.
On the other hand Mr. Brewster
has always professed the fullest confidence in his colleague. Ile has declared that the whole thing way a
Conservative plot, designed to ruin
Mr. Macdonald. Ile lias on even
platform declared his unabated confidence in lhal gentleman, and the great
constituency of Vancouver has endorsed him up to the hilt by returning Mr. Macdonald al the head of the
pull am! by placing all the Conservative candidates, including the Premier,
in the defeated list, incidentally, the
one man who gave damnatory evidence in lhe court against Mr. Macdonald has been defeated by the largest majority in the Province, It is
impossible to esaggerate thc significance of these facts. They go to the
very root e,f the question, ami they
probably explain more truly than any
'ran!;   II. Carvel!.  M.  I'..
o estimation oi the
she 1'- | ii  hase    nt
nd ih- acti   ���
' Mr. Car-,e-l! rei
���
!
'i ������   i.i  ���
I
I
I
���
'
itj  of public lie   ,i  i- VACANCIES  IN   PARLIAMENT
live that I le question should      The deatl
be thrashed  oul  in the courts.    Tin    ���    , .   ,i;.        ;,.. eal Mail
the
pur- I
,       . - ...   -..    i
honor  of   both   parties   and   ol       tl
le . ��� rs i--  involved, am!  ii  is  m	
thi     lighti i on the
value  of   the   position   l
Mr, Brew ster to say I
defeat   of   the   Prci
colleagm     in tl     Citj
and   the  position   o
to  Mr.   Macdonald  is  such  a  ���
comment on the plugging    a *c as to
oul veigh i ther i
the campai The Weel
EARLY   FEDERAL  ELECTION
In Montreal thej arc talking aboul
an early Dominion election, perhaps
the lasi of November. Ottawa says
no election is in sighl bul Ottawa was |
the only place taken by surprise when j
Sir Wilfrid Laurier dissolved parliament in ihe- summer oi 1911. it certainly looks like the ministers of the
crown were busy feeling the pulse- of
the country, Sir Robert Borden Has
been looking over his fences in Nova
Scotia, and yesterday was said to be
Rogers' 'ii'il
NOI   BY I '.RTY TRIBUNALS
Thi 1 the      ti.    t
I he   I ory
1      '!    ���'
'   '      ' '    '     '
Jones being tncl ���ig the Co,
*  Parliament   will   i;!    ,   . ., .     . .  ;,
c twelve it.onal westcri ; ,
1  ' '���   ':'     '"'   ,:''    l**res<*��*     ' I    and   inly.    Su h nation  ia
ernmenl   under   the   acl   passed   tw,   ...,.,v  fa]sc   a���(|  ,  ,.  intij    .
"""   "���'ll   I'*"   ''''   ''     pcrfe.ctl) :,..   re of tl        1 em   -
^,esa        ' ��   ^ equality, =     everal     ., ,      ;,,.   ,.-,,.,,,...���,_,  A ��� . ,
h>; rc����" 0| ;;    by   ,  commissi,     appoint. I     I
. ��� , ���.,
firmity unlikely to take ii:' ir seats
again. There an- Ice, vacancies in
Nova Scotia, one in Xew Brunswick,
six in Ontario, une- in Manitoba ami
twee in  British  Columbia.    It is anti-
the   i',. , r ,1   authorities,   and   ii
politii al   frii' ��� 5,   supporters   am!   agents  of   his  own   who   revealed   the
damning   facts.    Similarly,   it
cipated that before lung a number of ���   ��� ���,,   ,  , ,.  ,,,.  i.,,i,i
1 . *^ commission  appoint! i  by   tin-   KODI
these \ acancics will be filled.
In (be house of commons four seat-
held by Liberals and eleven held by
Conservatives are vacant: Vntigonish,
King's ami Yarmouth iu Nova Scotia,
and Prince in  Prince Edward Island;
Rcstigouche in Xew Brunswick;  lb-1
meeting   inlluential   people   in    Mon- 1,    , ,, ���
,     ,,       ,,      ,   , , lechasse,    Montmagny,    Qrnm "
trcal.    I Ion.   Mr.  tochranc  has  gone
to Slldjbury, where nickel abounds,
and even more precious metals may
be obtained. Dr. Reid is sizing up
the ceiiintry west of Lake Superior,
and Sir Thomas White came up to
Toronto from Ottawa Thursday prepared to spend some little time in this
part of the province. Before lung,
these doctors will no doubt come together, compare notes anel decide on
a  course  of action.    An  election  be-
Nicolct in Quebec; Carleton, East
Hamilton, East Grej and Lincoln iu
Ontario, and Lisgar and Brandon in
Manitoba.���Toronto Mail.
* + *
GIVING IT TO SIR SAM
Why is ihe Ottawa Free Press
jumping mi Major-General Sir Sam
Hughes? Last session the Free Press
was the general's most ardent supporter     It  denounced   lion.  William
Handling Fr6ight^^ Pacific
government itself which showed up I ,
the horrible mess that forced tin- re
-ignatiun uf tlie administration. The
trial of Roblin and his associates was
carried out by ihe judicial authorities
of the province with a Tory judge
presiding. It was Sir Richard McBride, himself, who skedaddled out of
British Columbia, and nut any partisan Liberal tribunal wlm kicked him
oul. fur there was nol a single Liberal
in the legislature of lhat province.
And it was the general public, assisted by that Tory of Tories. Sir Hibbert Tupper which buried tlie Bowser
government with all its putrescence.
It has been im partizan tribunals
which have besmirched, the characters
of the Tory leaders. Imt the courts of
the provinces, and commissions ai -
pointed by themselves, appointed to
whitewash, but finding it impossible
to withhold condemnation. These
men are not martyrs. Toryism deecs
not produce martyrs very freely. 'I hey
have been disgraced and condemned
by no partizan clamor, but by non-
partizan tribunals, which could d|o
nothing else than they have done
from the very nature ami em rmity of
tbe cases presented to them.���Acadia  Recorder.
THE port ot Vancouver Is making
rapid strides towards becoming
one ot the finest on the American continent. Many improvements
are being made in and along tbe harbor to meet the requirements of the
tremendous and growing commerce
that is carried acros3 the Pacific
Ocean.    Shipbuilding Is being taken   fl
AGENT-GENERAL   AND
SOLDIERS' VOTE
The   Times   is   indebted   tu   a   sub
scriber in London who has sei i acn -
lhe sea a copy uf the   Daily  Expresi
I containing  a  n pi r:  of  an  inter ie
with an official of the agent-general';
department.   This official of Sir Rich
ard   McBride expre 51 -     ie   s,   whicl
1 le,   Mr.
ed tu a large extent ai
��� ��� ���   :���   li-
-
held his ]
be as    a
leadei
���
I
���   I
pal
���    1
i
litia
The 1
Dm 1 ��� ���
I ignored by hii
I
der of things
���   ������     result of 1 |,
ha- e  his  1
:     : . thc mi
tal es of the : ast.    He    r
tl    s.   mc; -   -, ���  ii:.   peopl,
���     ui    .: him.    I
notl ing   1 iuIi
was the- ir mi
id played
not to in- his.
band,  relying
- rsonal view-, f .-. g, ttii . -: v
days of one-man government a
an end���that the people rule.
governing bodies must be ali*
all questions of progress,
There  i- no  room at  th
British Columbia affair
whose  perspective  due
CANADIAN
PACIFIC
Through  Tickets
isbi'ecl    to    all    parts
of the world.
THE    POPULAR
ROUTE
to the Old Country,
Alaska, China and
Japan.
For full
particulars apply
to any
C. P. R.
Agent
lave   saved   him.     It
������   tl
r so many years
le- had misplayed
teai
for the 1
met   take
the luttirc, framing only such acts as
will redound to the- benefit of the
masses and not the classes.
Will Mr. Brewster lean- from the
experience of Mr. Bowser?���Prince
George  Citizen.
* * *
THE HIGH COST OF LIVING
flow long will ii take- the a eragc
citizen to realise that he i- himself
responsible for his plight, and that the
remedy lies in his own hands and not
in legislative theories to regulate prices? The high cost of food and
clothing in tbis Dominion may be
traced to the customs tariff, and high
rents are the fruits of land monopoly,
under which community-create'! land
values are privately appropriated.
Through the gradual elimination of
tariff taxes and by gradually placing
all taxation on land values, the remedy for the high cu.-t of living may
lie  found.��� Exchange,
The llritish Columbia Cycle Platoon which left Vancouver a short
timi ag 1 under Lieut. R. Machin, are
in ,\ant of ten men. The corps is
now stationed at Niagara-on-the-
Lake. Ontari . and it i- expected they
will leave for the front shortly. Tbe
uniform is similar tu tlie artillery and
transportation to Niagara will be furnished free. Cyclists anxious to serve
their King and Country should apply
at .Ml North West Trust Building,
?n" Richards Street.
a * *
Fred, Deeley, the Cycle Man. is
giving away free, a good health certificate  with   every  machine  he  sells.
WANTED ��� PUBLIC SCHOOL
graduates or high school students to
take shorthand or business courses
and pay for same from salary earned
after graduation- Only a limited
number accepted on this plan. Apply
at once in owm handwriting to
Success Business College, Vancouver, B. C.
UNION STEAMSHIP CO. of B.C. Limited
THE   BRITISH   COLUMBIA   COAST   HAS   BEES   DESCRIBED
AS THE EIGHTH WOXDER OF THE WORLD
A   VOYAGE
"North by West in the Sunlight"
IN ONE OF OUR
Eight Vessels, "8" in Regular Service
up with success and enthusiasm
Piers already are being extended and
new ones built. The Canadian Paci
tic Ocean and Steamships Company Is
the leader in the ranks of progress.
Just now they are doing much to add
to the equipment of the already well
equipped harbor at Vancouver so
that pr.sse niter and rrelght traffic may
bo conducted with the- utmost Rpted
and convenience. They have recently let a contract at a huge sum for
the deepening hy 30 feet of Ihe waterfront between their sheds Number 3
and 7. This Improvement will allow
the most gigantic of orean going vessels to berth iu comfort.
On Saturday, August 2(!th last, the
Canadian Pacific Liner "Empress of
Asia" docked at Vancouver, after one
of her voyages from the Orient, carry-
468 passengers, a heavy consignment
of mails, and 5,400 tons of freight,
which included 5,0-05 bales of raw
silk valued at $4,000,000. This silk
was conveyed by special train to New
York. In addition to what has already been mentioned the "Empress
of Asia" oarrled a large quantity of
waste silk, 3,100 eases of rubber, and
a big quantity of tea. The cargo,
which is stated to have been the richest that ever crossed the Pacific, will
give some idea of the importance of
Canadian Pacific shipping at Vancouver.
The derricks and wharves are kept
busy loading and unloading the import and export freight, and realizing
the great utility of these machines
the Canadian Pactflc Company has
Introduced the latest and best into
its system.
Photograph 1 shows a vessel loading. The derrick, to the left of the
picture has a capacity for lifting 15
tons, and that to the right has a
capacity for lifting 50 tons. Both
are operated by el��ntrieally driven
Winches. Tlie 15 ton derrick, which
has a beam of 50 feet, is capable of
*akiug fifteen ton lifts from the second train track along the wharf to
���r ni-
tl is
vv 11 ,i. i;;: ��� ;     ������'���l'i!.
Apply to our Put  I parti
and ��� North by Wen I    the I
''    ���    .\. ��� in ai  ., i loi        ���   '   '
ite-eiel Offices nnd Wharfi DNIOJS  im;
Take Car to Columbl i  Avenue
TRUTH
i   a "Outward Bouni
ilars on Special Fare
Ki  FOOT  Of  (' tllHAI.l,  STREET
il's
llie vessel's hold. The 50 ton derrick,
with a beam of 80 feet, can handle
lifts direct from ears on any of the
thr**e tracks direct to the vessel's
hold. This derrick has been recently installed.
The second photograph shows a IB
ton derrick (on the left) taking a
two ton lift out of a gondola car on the
second train track. This lift is being
taken over a box car. The 60 ton
derrick (on the right) is hauling an
eight  ton   lift  in  tbe  shape  of  an
underframe for a Russian box oar.
Photograph 3 shows the 50 ton der'
rick swinging a Russian box car underframe from car to vessel. l.argfl
cases on the dock shown in this pie'
ture are made up of cotton lintersj
which in sine average about 33 cubid
feet each.
From these pictures it will be seed
that the Canadian Pacific have pro!
vlded every possible facility of th<!
most up-to-date type for handling
heavy freight at its Pacific terminal,
I   f tVi,   bo-    nmcnl     F  Premier  Bowser,  Mr.   F.  VV.  \\ - Is!    I
.. em  to i      ember),     I
ig tril ul     -       the    "! lanisinp
! . r: ius   of   Sir   Richard   McBride   in
uection   with   lhe   taking   ot   the
votes of the soldiers.���Victoria Times.
THE BOWSER GOVERNMENT
n of the  resignation of
pri.n  e,       . and his gov.  nment
x cite is known is a lating some if tin
:oasl papers. 'I *c is no ' ubl thai
the  result        the  soldiers' vote   will
the personnel of the success   I i
dates.     Thc   people   have
with n-' uncertain voice their lack
confidence i-.i the present admtmstra
tion.
Premier Bowser has stated recently
that his government in thc meantime
would make no nev appointments - r
start new works, ll would be uncon-
stitutiou tl to do them ise. Therefore we ; mj le ��� f ir his resignation
about October 14th.
The result of the elections was a
lefeai of Bowserism more than of the
Conservative party, consequently the
end ni a cue-man government. From
the moment Premier Ilowser began
to dominate; the policy of the Conservative party until the result of the
elections; was known, tliere was an
undercurrent of public sentiment a-
gainst him.    This  sentiment  prevail-
YOU OWE IT TO YOUR WIFE
to make her teas and suppers i plea:
ELECTRIC HOME
DEVICES
They attach to the lamp socket.
THE  ELECTRIC  COFFEE  PERCOLATOR  frees  the  housewife from worry when company suddenly calls.
THE ELECTRIC GRILL STOVE is equally useful for afternoon
teas or late suppers, and should as well be on every family table.
Carrall and Hastings
Phone Seymour 5000
��� Jl
SIX
THE STANDARD
SATURDAY,   OCTOBER   14,    1916
I     fi   I L
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MME. EDVINA COMING
Mme. Edvina, the Canadian prima
dniina. has fixed her Winnipeg concert date for the evening of November la. Her appearance in Vancouver is still some distance off, bin il i>
well to prepare local musicians fur
the treat in store.
Phillip Hale, the Boston critic of
wide fame, considers this charming
vocalist as worthy e��f a place among
the twelve leading grand opera singers known to the American and Cau-
ailiau  public.
HEART OF A PAINTED WOMAN
IS   GRIPPING   ROMANCE
Mme. Olga Petrova, the famous
Russian star, who makes her second
screen appearance in Metro pictures
at the Dominion Theatre in the great
production, "The Heart of a Painted
Woman," was first known in America
as the star of thc Follies Bergere and
so great was her popularity that
Winthrop Ames, one of the foremost
American producers, launched her in
his wonderful production of "Pan-
thea" at the Booth Theatre. New
York, as the star, and since that time
she has gone forward in leaps and
bounds until she occupies the unh|iie
position of being America's foremost
dramatic actress, after only three
years on the dramatic stage.
"The Heart of a Painted Woman"
was written especially for Mme. Petrova and gives her remarkable dramatic powers full opportunity. It is a
five-part romance of thc gripping
sort, contains 200 scenes and was
staged in the exact locale of the original work.
PROF. LEACOCK'S WIT TO
CORUSCATE ON  STAGE
Cyril Maude, on his arrival in New-
York the other day, announced that
during his forthcoming American and
Canadian tour he would present
"Sunshine Sketches." This is a dramatization by Michael Morton of
Professor Stephen Leacock's amusing book, which Mr. Maude predicts
is destined to prove as hugely popular
as "Grumpy." "I like the play very
much," Mr. Maude asserted, "and the
role of the old man, which f am going to play, is a delightful character,
and mal.es me 20 years younger than
I was in 'Grumpy,' whose age was
B3. 1 have als i a new play by Clifford Mills, called 'The Hashers,'
which 1 intend to produce later in the
season, and one by Haddon Chambers, named 'Uncle Blinn.'"
Mr. Maude said tllat "The Baskers"
had been produced at the St. James's
Theatre in London and had been pronounced a great success. Miss Mar-
gcr*. Maude, who accompanied her father, again resumes the role she play-
eel last year  with  George Arliss  in
"Paginint" Arriving with them was
Miss Muriel Martin Harvey, another
promising daughter of another great
actor. Although only 19, Miss Martin Harvey is leading woman in Mr.
Maude's company.
The east is headed by Miss Zara
Clinton as Aladdin. Mr. Billy Oswald
as Gen, Sam Fuse and Mr. Harry
lloyland as the Widow Twankcy.
They will be supported by a carefully
selected, company of 25 experienced
pantomime  artists.
Miss Clifford at Pantages next week
in   song   and  talk
ALADDIN AND HIS LAMP
TO SHINE AT AVENUE
Canada is to have its first pantomime performance this fall when F.
Stuart Whyte's production of "Aladdin and His Wonderful Lamp" comes
to the Avenue Theatre for one week,
commencing November 6. For this
first Canadian tour, Mr. Whyte has
built and assembled a production and
cast that would compare favorably
with a London pantomime organization during their annual Christmas
run.
The work of the Cherniavskys
takes one back in imagination to that
night when Orpheus consecrated to
the mysteries of Dionyses. Thc disciple of Delphi proceeds on his way
as though in a dream. At times he
halts and breathes in a delightful odor of honeysuckle and laurel. But
the magic light appears for only a
moment, then a cloud overall, the
rocks resume their threatening aspect, lights flash on every side under
the thickly foliaged trees, and then
one wakes up for the music has
ceased.
The Cherniavskys, Leo, Jan and
Mischel, are appearing here on Monday, October 16, at the Avenue Theatre.
PANTAGES THEATRE
Pantages Theatre had a -Very good
bill last week ,but by all appearances
the coming bill, to open October 16,
is by far the best of the two. "The
Nut Sunday" is a pretentious musical
comedy offering with ten bewitching
young ladies and three comedians of
note in the cast. A grand assortment
of singing and dancing numbers, a
great deal of infectious comedy, special scenery by thc carload, and a
very clever cast withal included, will
make this offering one to be long remembered and appreciated by all.
The Three Mori Bros, will offer as
pleasing and sensational an act as
has ever been witnessed. They do
wire walking, juggling, and a grcat
deal of comedy. Sherman Van and
llyman are three young men who will
present a singing, talking and instrumental act which is said to be especially good. Clifford and Mack are a
man and a woman who will offer a
singing, talking, and comedy turn of
extra merit. A very clever pair they
are said  to be.
Elsie White is a singing comedienne who has made a hit in every city.
Valentine Vox in his ventriloquist
classic, "A member of the black and
white,"   is  an   attraction   par   excellence,
One reel of comedy and one reel of
news will suffice for the movie part
of the entertainment. The management is at the present waiting for the
release of "The Shielding Shadow,"
the greatest serial picture ever filmed. It will open al this theatre cell
tlic second Monday iu November,
SIR THOMAS BEECHAM'S
VIEWS  OF THE OPERA
CITIZENS,  ATTENTION!
t
Know all ye by these presents:
That for Factums and Briefs, no printers give
you better satisfaction than 3H|? #tatt&ar&.
That for Letterheads and Envelopes 3Uj*e
���^tanharb is jhe place to buy.
That for Book Binding, Engraving, Ruling,
sooner or later you will come to
PRINTING DEPARTMENT
PHONE SEYMOUR 4 70 FOR PRICES
ON ANY JOB PRINTING ARISING IN
   YOUR   OFFICE   ;	
Sir Thomas Beecham has given an
interview to The Era on English
opera. Sir Thomas is considered the
"man of the hour" in London's operatic life and his pessimism is strikingly
demonstrated in his views on the musical apathy of the Londoner.
"The public don't know anything
about opera and cares less," says Sir
Thomas. "And why? It's the fault of
tbe press. Tliere isn't a newspaper in
the kingdom that doesn't devote columns to a new musical comedy or
revue���that doesn't hail the revue
star, who has arrived at first magnitude-proportions after about a month
of training in an academy, as a marvel 'of charm and cleverness���that
doesn't laud the whole production to
the skies until you'd think it was a
chapter out of the Book of Revelation
or an earthly vision of paradise.
"But when they come to the discussion of a new opera, staked at immense trouble and expense, and played by people who have devoted their
lives to the subject, they immediately
adopt a chilling and carping attitude,
and dismiss the whole matter in a few
lines. Somebody sang fairly well and
acted badly; somebody else acted a
right but couldn't sing; the orchestra
and scenery might have been worse,
and so on. Consequently thc public
gets the idea that opera isn't worth
troubling about.
'Of course, to start with, the* English people are not educated enough
to be able to appreciate opera. They
are the most commonplace, uncultured race in Europe. Their intelligence
is just about equal to the cinema���or
Week comemncing'October 16th
JOE BRANSKY Presents
"A NUT SUNDAY"
Fourteen people in "Song, Girls and Fun'
SHERMAN  VAN AND  HYMAN, Entertainers Par Excellence
VALENTINE   VOX,   "Ventriloquist   Extraordinary"
CLIFFORD AND MACK, "A Polite Comedy Offering"
ELSIE WHITE, "Singing Comedienne''
THREE MORI BROTHERS
"Japanese Pastimes''
i , ������
Prices: Matinees, 15c; Night, 15 & 25c; Matinee 2.30; Evg., 7 & 9
the gramapboue ��� or football ��� ����r
cricket. They know nothing; they
don't even read their own literature.
And out of the whole population Londoners are the most helpless; there's
no centre of artistic life in London.
Tliere can't be. It's too big. There
arc too many ilistractious. It's not
a city ��� you might as well call Portugal or Bavaria a cily. London is
nothing but a mob. It has no pride
in its institutions���no character���no
dignity���no anything.
"One of the worst trails about Londoners is their apathy. They've no
curiosity���no enthusiasm. They pretend to like the drama. But even the
most successful plays have to struggle on three or four weeks, and bc
boomed and advertised before people
can be induced to go and see them.
As an opera is given only three or
four timr.s during the season, by the
time the public makes up its mind to
go and hear it the last performance is
already a dead yesterday."
"What about the  musical critics?"
"That is a subject 1 prefer not to
dwell upon. After all," said the
knight, genially, "the poor things are
really to be pitied. Some of fliem
know not, and the rest are bullied and
harassed by their editors, who are
among the stupidest of men.
��� "There are two publics for opera,"
continued Sir Thomas. "There's thc
upperten public, who don't care very
much about paying for it, but are willing to come and hear it���that is, after
thc first or second act. To suggest
that they might change their dinner
hour and so arrive at the theatre in
time for the overture would give them
a galvanic shock from which they
would never recover.
"Besides their shortcomings in that
direction*, the aristocrats only really
care for opera sung by a bunch of
great stars���foreign ones, of course,
Give them opera adequately sung by
a good cast, a well-balanced, artistic
production, and they don't care a but
ton aboul it. They're eaten up wilh
tbe particular kind of snobbishness
that appreciates the art of every country but its own. They'll fall clown
and worship every long-haired, unwashed {foreigner tliat comes over
here to bang the piano or scrage the
fiddle out id time, but they simply
won't believe that English people can
play or sing or do anything.
"Then there's the other public, who
like'FaujBtf because they know it;
'Butterfly' because it's sentimental:
'Boheme' because it's short and lively, and they don't want to hear any
otber opera, ever. But no opera company that respects.itself can keep on
giving  the  same  old  operas.
"1 am a confirmed pessimist about
everything," said Sir Thomas. "Still
I believe that after a hard fight for
five or six years, and the loss of an
enormous sum of money, we shall
manage to accomplish something���we
shall arrive ."
Petrol perplexity���the problem of
the hour.
* * *
Hall Caine takes no great pains to
conceal his remarkable likeness to
Shakespeare. Once in Philadelphia
he met Ignatius Donnelly, the well-
known Bacon-Shakespeare controversialist. Donnelly gazed reverently at
the novelist's broad brow, pointed
face and beard, and then, removing
his hat with a flourish of mock astonishment, said: "Lord Bacon, I presume?"
WANTED ��� PUBLIC SCHOOL
graduates or high school students to
take shorthand or business courses
and pay for same from salary earned
after graduation. Only a limited
number accepted on this plan. Apply
at once in own handwriting to
Success Business College, Vancouver, B. C.
AT KENORA:���
(1)  Yachting.      (2)
(3) A Regatta Day.
THE Lake of the Woods, along the line of the Canadian Pacific, Is a fascinating link In the chain ot
lakes between the boundless waters of Superior
and the golden grain of Manitoba prairie.
With nature's own loveliness aa a recommendation
It stands unrivalled In the estimation ot the many who
yearly visit Its Island-crested waters and plunge into
the pure unadulterated delights which It affords.
Kenora, a town of growing Importance in lumbering, mining, flour milling and fishing, possessing a
population of 6,000, reclines on the north shore ot the
lake and holds the unique position of gateway to this
attractive body of water.
Keewattn, whose flour milling Industry has made the name a household word In thi Dominion, fringes
the lake three miles distant. It is a mecca for the summer-seeker who has built his artistic and attractive
home on its splendid shore line and on the islands adjacent.
For Borne 80 miles this richly adorned sheet studded with over ten thousand Islands stretches along
the border line between the provinces 'of Ontario and Manitoba and the state of Mlnnssole
These water girded bits of land vary in size from a few square feet to several square miles and are
richly timbered with spruce, pine, birch and poplar. The northern portion of the lake (-overs an area of
2,500 square miles. From the middle of May until the end ot October; the months are panoramas of beauty to the camper, the lake voyageur, the sportsmen and hunter who visit this aquatic wonderland, 1,077 feet
above sea level. v v
A few oar strokes from Kenora yoa can rough it in the woods or if you wish to enjoy life more leisurely, an up-to-date cottage can be secured.
Fishing Is a very popular pastime for the men, women, and children each season. In the numerous
nibbling preserves are found pike, pickerel, rock bass, trout, maskalongo and sturgeon.
During the autumnal months exciting raids are made upon the wild duck, geese, and partridge, while
the deer aa-d moose on the larger Island stretches furnish an attraction of wonderful possibilities for the
enthusiastic hunter.
Coney island with a shore line of seven miles lies but a ten minutes' glide from Kenora. It is the
summer residence ot over three hundred people. It possesses a large natural park, a portion of which has
been fitted up as play-grounds for children. Kenora Park, a large wooded tract of land, has been set aside
for pleasure purposes. Kenora Trap Association Island is a much frequented spot and is open not only
to Kenora residents but to the summer guests who come within her gate. Kenora Rowing Club and Kee-
watin Yacht Club are the rendezvous of many from town and the Islands. Here the social side of life is
Indulged either by the weekly dance or the local water races. Regattas are held at Intervals during the
season, many outside eyents being entered from different portions of Canada and United States, a carnival
of sports continuing several days. Steamers, launches, sail boats and various craft cruise about the lake
daily and for a small fee the visitor can make a trip of several hours in and out among the islands of the
lake. For a long cruise, the steamers "Keenora" and"Agwlnde," well-appointed and commodious, leave
Kenora twice during the week for Rainyriver and Fort Frances. The Steamer "Kathleen," a popular boat,
makes a dally trip during the season to Minakl, Ont. It is a delightful trip of three hours down the Winnipeg river, return being made to** Kenora same day in sufficient time to permit the traveller to entrain for
the east or west via the Canadian Pacific Railway.
Even when the summer Is gone it ia a great delight to visit the Like of the Woods district in tha
��>��-��� '  ___:* J. m, a.  . SATURDAY,   OCTOBER   14,   1916
THE  STANDARD
SEVEN
I
Northern Securities Limited
Established 1906
529 PENDER STREET WEST
Seymour 1574
FINANCIAL AGENTS. ESTATE MANAGERS
NOTARY PUBLIC
TO RENT-HOUSES AND SUITES
SHAUGHNESSY  HEIGHTS.���10-roomed   House, on  19th  Avenue,
Two fireplaces, Hardwood flows.   $40.uu per month.
KITSILANO.���Several   six  and   seven-roomed   Houses.    $15.00   per
month.
SUITES, Alma Court, 2224 Alberta Street.    Three and four rooms.
All modern.   $8.1)0 to $15.00 per month.
FURNISHED.���Beautiful   10-roomed  suburban  home, 5 blocks  from
car.   Six months.    $25.(��) per month,
B. GEO. HANSULD
Manager
B. C. MUNICIPAL BONDS
II;m
[���rofHnblo    Invent men I.
proved   l!��-ir   Safety   nnd   Stability   im    n
VW offer a variety of thoroughly safeguarded bond issues, sold to
net SH per cent to 7% per cent. Consult our Bond Department by
letter or in person.
Canadian Financiers Trust Co.
H_:ai) ori.*n;i:i   sat- BAITING- gl-RBBT WEST, VANCOUvrcn, it. c.
PATRICK DOKNBLLY, Genual   mmm-.;.���_.
��� ���
_s ���
J Bicycle Notes & Wanderings ���
By   Rover
��������
"So long as there is a road unexplored in this lancl of ours, so long
will the magnetism remain."
* * *
Who is there that can analyse the
charm of cycling? To one it is the
fierce joy of speed and thc annihilation of grcat distances, to another it
is ex-r ;se and change of environment, whilst with a third it is the
surrender to Nature's universal call
to mankind, oft unheeded, to come
out and play. But there is a fourth
delineation, sometimes embracing the
first and third, and yet not described
by either, which 1 will call road hunger. It matters not whether it be
beautiful or ugly, flat or billy, smooth
or stony, so Icing as it bc a road; so
long as it leads somewhere, so long
as it twists round a corner or over a
hill like a note of interrogation or a
finger beckoning us to follow. And
we who are possessed with the road
hunger do follow. Why we cannot
tell; how to appease it we shall never know. We are like the pioneers
who "were dreamers dreaming greatly in thc man-stifled town, who yearned beyond thc skyline where the
strange roads go down. "That skyline has. much to account for, and the
white ribbon of road that melts into
it is jointly implicated.
* * *
Among tbe fourth, forever unsatisfied class, I place myself. If 1 were
confined to a ten-mile radius from
my own home, or compelled to never
take more than five minutes over a
mile, I should give up cycling tomorrow. But so long as there is a
road ���unexplored in tllis land of ours,
sn long will the magnetism remain for
me, I stand as the awful example of
a large class; we arc anachronisms;
an outcrop on modern civilisation of
a should-be decently buried strata. In
short we are the explorers and in
mir country of today exploring is interesting business. There always remains that feeling and tugging at our
heart-strings, that feeling of "something lost behind the ranges; lost and
waiting for you." Go, and out we poor
old atavists have to turn, hundreds
of us every week end.
* * t ��� -j
It is the fashion for the highly
trained expert to look somewhat disdainfully upon such aids to ease as
the three-speed gear, but to the ordinary rider who has neither the time
nor the inclination to attain a degree of fitness equal to that of the
speed merchant, variable gearing is
a great boon. It may be taken as
an axiom that the less efficient a man
is physically, the greater will be the
value of the changeable gear. To the
expert it may be regarded as the light
of luxury, but to the inexpert it more
nearly approaches a necessity. It is
irksome for the untrained rider to
pedal rapidly, and thc high gear enables him to avoid this, while maintaining a good pace. Similarly, it is
toilsome for him to climb steep hills,
and here the low gear comes to his
aid, reducing his labor and saving
much breathless struggling with the
law of gravity. There is neither mys-
stery nor magic about the little box of
tricks that accomplishes these purposes. It is a simple mechanical contrivance that aims at providing different methods of power application
to suit different conditions. It adds
nothing to a man's energy .because
no mechanism can do that, but it utilizes iu the most economical manner
such energy as he possesses, and it is
that attribute which appears to the
average rider. The man who regards
cycling merely as an athletic sport
may have no use for the variable
gear, for there is sufficient flexibility
in his trained limbs, but to most riders cycling is a gentle relaxation and
for them thc variable gear means
greater ease and more pleasure.
* if  tf
It was an English Coventry firm
that used the phrase, "A doll of a
man," as one reason why one of their
employees deserved exemption (he
got a few months grace, as a matter
of fact). He's the father of five,
anyway; so perhaps the tribunal
thought it cheaper to let him keep on
thc good work of bicycle selling instead of debiting the country with
expensive maintenance allowance. It
reminds one of the potential recruit
who said he had nine children, and
was told in reply that a General could
be obtained as cheaply as accepting
him as a soldier.
* * *
Many reasons have been given for
the revival of cycling all over the
country. It is not the economy question alone that is responsible. The
cycle yields all Canada to each Canadian and everyone that cycles. In
this little 'piece of machinery there
are unlimited resources of happiness
and pleasure. It is dependent upon
his control, and he upon it. There is
a sentiment of independence, of self-
reliance and completeness, attaching to cycling, and especially when
the full kit of human requirements is
aboard, and the rider goes on distance
tours, sleeping in strange places,
feeding at wayside inns, stopping to
stretch for a while on the grass of
a shaded bank on a sunny afternoon,
and smoke a pipe or read a little from
the book he carries.
* ft *
So with freedom and independence
we may roam awheel through this
fair land of ours in these lovely autumn days and come close to the bosom of our own fair country and get
to know her better. For the pleasure
of relief, for the good of thc mind and
heart for solace and peace, for the
appreciation of the love of God, and
for the simple and lovely things He
had made, for meditation and to rouse
a new determination you cannot do
better, be you man or woman, old or
young, than to buy a bicycle now,
and see your country at her best.
ORDERS   AGGREGATING   $550,000,000   GIVEN   TO
CANADIAN FIRMS
Since Outbreak of War Over Half a Billion Dollars Worth
of V/ar  Orders  Have Been  Placed in  Dominion
A statement was given out by the imperial munitions
board recently tn the effect lhat orders I <r n unitionS hail
been placed in Canada since tlu- beginning ��� ; thc ear to
the am.Hint of $550,000,000.
Since January last up to the present time orders i" the
amount of $185,000,000 have been received, During the
present week the board has been instructed to place addi-
tional contracts for munitions to the value of sixty million
dollars.
News Items of the Province
a
Shipments of zim in and concentrates from mines in
iii.- Slocan district during August totalled 1,009 tons, compared with 3117 tons in the same month "i !''!?. according
to the official figure-, which have just been given ..ut.
During the same period approximately 3,'KX) tons of
zinc ore were shipped from the Sullivan mine al Kimber-
ley for treatment al the- Consolidated company's new electrolytic refinery at Trail.
Phone Seymour 9085
Difficulty Experienced
During July ami August a good deal o
experienced in keeping up the production
of steel and forgings.   Tin- board is please
difficulty  ,vas
ie io shortage
At Quatsino, the Colonial
capitalized at $2,500,000, plan
having a  cap:
first unit prov
orden d for r
Pulp am!  Paper .Mill-.  Ltd.,
i" build a sulphite fibre mill i
:' 121! tons per day.    At present the
r iti ions and machinery is now being ,
WE   INVITE   YOUR
FIRE
INSURANCE
BUSINESS
We Write Insurance in Sound,
Reliable Companies
DOW FRASER
TRUST CO.
122    HASTINGS    ST.   WEST
McKay Station,  Burnaby
ever, that clue to the efforts put forth by manufacturers,
lhe production on most contracts is now increasing in
volume each week. The quantity of shrapnel shells n ���-..
produced each week complete with cartridge cases, fuses,
and propelled charges has reached almost 250,000
and the board has been authorised within the last
place additional order.- for thi- size of -1
ie!
mt
1917.
L
Large Orders Placcd
e orders were placed during lamer on the larger sizes of .-.hell-;, espe
8 and 9.2.    This  involved  complete  n
machinery  and equipment.     Deliveries
Bin
spring
!   suni-
���i.-ii'y tlu- numbers
ew installation of
of this equipment
are slow, imt many of these plants have now commeni
operating ami tlie output of larger sized shells is increasing each week and will continue to increase until about
January 1. when the maximum output of these plants
should be reached. The position of Canada in regard to
supply of steel, the basis of all munitions work, is now-
such that no interruptions in output will likely take place./
as thc immense tonnage required for all classes have been
arranged. '
Fuse Plant Ready
The fuse plant built by the board at Montreal lias now
reached a capacity of ten thousand a day and by January
1, will reach 25,0()0 a day.
The policy of the board in placing new business will bc
to keep all plants now producing munitions fully employed, and when increased production is required on any particular class of work to extend the operations of plants
which arc already equipped and producing munitions.
GREAT OIL.REFINERY PLANNED NEAR CITY
Fun and Frolic
Preferred Silence
'Have   yi u   any   secrets
in
your
st?" she asked.      "None
to'
speak
he replied.
Expenditure of Millions Contemplated in Establishing a
Shell Supply Point in British Columbia
The recent visit to Vancouver of .Mr. W. M. Smith, of
London, England, president of the famous Shell Oil company, presages the establishment in or near Vancouver of
a huge factory for the refining of oil, to be brought here
from the company's California wells in tank steamers.
The Shell company is the opponent of the Standard Oil
company'in all parts of the world, and in California alone
the company has about $35,000,000 invested in producing
oil wells and other plants. Western Canada is now to be
exploited in real earnest, and an expenditure of several
millions of dollars is contemplated in establishing a great
supply plant in B. C. Laud has already been acquired cm
Lulu Island, adjoining the Fraser river, and at Barnet, on
Burrard Inlet, hut the exact location of the refinery has
not yet been divulged.
The Shell company have a fleet of So tankers, carrying
oil to thc vessels ejf the British fleet in thc Xorth sea,
and three vessels carrying gasoline and distillate from
this coast to the allies in France, Their contract covers all oil and similar supplies required during the continuance of tbe war, which will afford some idea of the enormous deliveries being made by this great concern, whose
selection of Vancouvci as a supply ccnt'ic for the wesl
is ati event of the first importance.
DEBENTURES TO BE ISSUED
ar 24 American mines have sent 26,261
Consolidated smelter in Trail.
To the end of September Rossland mines have
just 250,883 gross tons to the Trail smelter this :
What   He   Wanted
Lawyer���Don't   worry. I'll   see
that you  get justice.
Client���I   ain't  hiring  you  for  justice:   I'm  hiring ynu  to win thc suit.
* �� *
Too Dreadful
about cheek!"   said   the pup-
imeone has gone and put up
right over the place where
bone."
* * *
Natural Question
Magistrate   (to   old   offender)   ���   I
hope I  shall not see you here again.
Prisoner���Not  see  me  here  again?
f|Why,  you  ain't going to retire,    are
you ?
shipped
ear.
Announcement of Decision of Minister of Finance in
Regard to War Funds
RAIL TICKETS TO ALL POINTS
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Lines
C E. Jenney, O. A. P. D.
Phone: Sty. 1134
W. Q. Connolly. C. P. F. A.
MT Onnvillt Strut
To meet the case of those investors who desire funds
to be available for the war expenditures of the government
and who may have money on hand from time to time in the
intervals between thc war loan issues which they woulfl
like to invest safely and profitably, the finance department has created an issue of Dominion 5 per cent treasury
debenture stock, principal maturing October 1, 1919, with
interest from date of purchase, payable by cheque free
of exchange. This stock may bc purchased at par at anytime, and will be accepted by the government at par and
accrued interest in lieu of cash in payment of any allotment under future Canadian war loan issues.
Further particulars w-ill be given in the advertisements
which will shortly be published.
This debenture stock issue, which is intended to attract
funds asking for investment which might otherwise find
their way into foreign securities, was forecasted in thc last
budget by representatives of the minister of finance. The
issue is entirely distinct and separate from the war savings
certificates of the small denominations now under consideration for promoting national savings. It is hoped
that from the sale of this debenture stock substantial fur
ther funds may bc made available for the purchase of mil-
nitions and supplies in Canada.
Trail smelter receipts this year tn date are about 21,-
000 tons more than the corresponding period of last year.
* * *
In the last quarter-month the Lucky Jim sent 118 tons
of zinc ore to Trail, the previous shipment being 75 tons.
* ft *
Twi Ontario mines are now on the i rail smelter shipping list, the Mine Centre coming in the present report
with .'4 tons from Olive. Out., while the Hewitson from
the same point hae! previously sent 7S tons.
* tt *
Dr. Melton Hersey, the great mining scientist, whn recently made a trip through the west at tbe instance of
the Grand Trunk and  Canadian  Northern  railways, says:
"The west coast badly needs the iron industry developed.
They have superb ore tliere." he said, am! the best of coal
but no iron or steel works.
"They have everything in their favor now  to I lake |
roil cheapt
r than  in  the
Unit
ed  States.
juired is c
ipital
and cot
rage
to effect :
velopment.
"The ore
is not surpas
See1   e
-,en   lev   tin.
md their fuel is
already world
renowned.'
Many  of
the
nisiness
men
in  Vancou*
thc need fi
r jus
such dc
eli p
nent a- thi
The  cop]
er  industry  is
bein
g pushed :
Dr. Hersey
says
am! goo
1 pro
gress i.- i.e.
An intere
sting
phase of
de*.
lopment is
zinc.    Tliis
is a
new indu
strv
luring the
liuility,   Dr
Hei
sey sail!,
is e
-eelleiH  an,
negligible.
"The zinc indi
stry." lie
said
"lias unci"!
stay.    So  1
ar.  h
iwever.   t
here
are  no  zin
where in Canadi
save at
Trail
All   th:
t wondc
inl
Not Condemned to It
At an American eating station an
old colored man was ringing a bell,
and a little dog sat beside him bowling dismally. The old man turned
to him and said: "What you hollerin'
for? You don't have to eat here."
* * *
He Owned No Master
"We've   come."   said   the   chairman
of a political committee in a south of
Ireland city, "to ask you to take this
nomination.    The  city needs a    man
like   you���strong,   brave,   self-reliant,
owning no  master,  fearing no man."
The great man was visibly touched.
"I'll not deny.," said he. "that your
kind  words  have  shaken  my  resolution.    I  trust that,  if elqcted,  I  may
justify your confidence and prove that
I   am   indeed   strong,   brave,   s< lf-re-
liant: that I  own  nn master and fear
::        m.    Suppose you wait a minute
till !  see
cept?"
wife  will  let mi-
Wanted the Best Terms
rtair
���nts
��� liege
i r   itrbl   ' ��� fore   the   president,
said:
"Well. Mr. Jones, tiie penally for
tl firsl offence is 50 cents: for tin
second  75  cents;  for the thir 1  j   00
ri
S-
'.
BOWSER'S SERENE QUANDARY
(Continued from page 2)
soars in the free air of the blatant autocrat no more, nor
can he prevail upon even the mosi credulous Lieutenant-
Governor to repeat the trick performed by tlie father of
the present Kaiser���then the King of Prussia���in 1862,
at thc instigation of the tyrannical Bismarck. The king
calling Bismarck to his side in the anguish of perplexity,
said. "Bismarck, Bismarck! I cannot get on with this parliament "of mine. Will I abdicate?" "Xo, no, your majesty." replied Bismarck; "if you can't get on with your
parliament, get on without it." "And will you be my prime
minister without a parliament?" asked the king. "Assuredly, yes," replied Bismarck. And for ten years���till after
the glory of France's overthrow had assuaged the indignity���these two autocrats ruled the Prussian people. But
tyrants as they were, they were men compared with the
blustering braggart to whom thc people of this Province
have now given the "pass out." Nothing, however, marks
his superficial egotism so keenly or makes him so contemptible, in the long range of his feckless dictatorship.
as his chuckle of delight at what he conceives to be an
insoluble dilemma for Mr. Brewster���a dilemma, be it observed and remembered, created not by Mr. Brewster but
by Mr. Bowser himself in the heyday of his dictatorial defiance of both the law and constitution.
How
sing
be offender in  solemi
much  would a  seas"
tones;
ticket
Editor��� Betty   is   such  a
positively   couldn't   get     a
edgeways.
Ethel���Oh. that's because
her get thc first start.
talker   I
word   in
vou    let
"THE MAN WHO KNOWS"
Does not have to seek a position.   A position seeks him.    Business men seek  "Success" graduates.    We
cannot supply the demand.   Why not get ready now?    Our Fall Term opens September 5th.
The SUCCESS BUSINESS COLLEGE, Limited
COR 10TH AVE. AND MAIN ST., VANCOUVER       Schools from Coast to Coast      Phone Fair. 2075
'Has the furnace gone out, Bridget?"
"It didn't come through here,
mum."
* * *
"Pa, what's the difference between
a patriot and a jingo?"
"A patriot, my son, is one whose
bosom swells with pride of his country, while in a jingo the swelling appears in his head."
That was a very smart sign and
symbol which a cycle agent put in his
window, "Free! A good health certificate with every machine we sell."
It was philosophy and fact combined.
WANTED ��� PUBLIC SCHOOL
graduates or high school students to
take shorthand or business courses
and pay for same from salary earned
after graduation. Only a limited
number accepted on this plan. Apply
at once in own handwriting to
Success Business College, Vancouver, B. C.
'?'���! EIGHT
f&kt gfavtowti
SATURDAY,   OCTOBEB   14.   IS
WM. DICK LIMITED
New Overcoats
If you are in need of an overcoat it will pay you to inspect our
stock. Our range comprises Chesterfields, Meltons, Balmacaans
and tbe well-known Aquatic Brand English Showerproof Coats,
which are warmer and more dressy than the rubber coat.
Overcoats of Quality, fitted and finished to your measure by our
own tailors.
$15      $13      $20      $25      $30      $35
"Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back"
WM. DICK, Ltd.
33-4/���19 HASTINGS ST. E., VANCOUVER
���   "Two Big Stores for Men"
���HIUlHi illi I IH~H~TB____s__M_��M|
I ly \ ears ol age inste
lhal number of yeai
SEAFORTH  CADETS
The  Seaforth  Ca let  Cyclits  Corps
are al.su in want of recruits to briny
their cycling section  up  i" strength.
This is a fine opportunity fer youngsters to get fit ami "do iheir little
bit." Corporal Fred Deeley will be
glad  to  furnish  all  information.
Xo system of free trade can be
complete until the fetters arc struck
oii am! ihe restrictions abolished on
all bargains concerning laud. Speal -
(ng ai Rochdale some lime after the
repeal of ihe Corn Law-, Richard
Cobden declared��� that if ia- were thir-
bcing twice
years, in would take
Adam Smith in hand���that profound
thinker who laid the foundations of
political economy iu his greal work,
"Tin Wealth of Nations" ��� and
preach the doctrine of free- trade in
lam!. 'There is jusl the same authority for free trade in lane! as here is
for free trade in corn, or any moveable commodity/ ami il is necessary
lo go inl" llie history of how the fellers and restrictions came to be imposed "ii lam! before proceeding further t" deal with the subject of free
trade in commercial commodities.
Thc system of land.rights now existing took its rise at tlie decline of the
Roman Empire; and was shortly afterwards  introduced  into most   Euro-
BUBBLING WITH OPTIMISM
Baron Shaughnessy Strikes Hopeful Note
! BARON   SHAUGHNESSY
WHILE In Vancouver, Baron
Shaughnessy, President of
the Canadian Pacific Railway, gave a most interesting address lasting almost half an hour to
the members ot the Vancouver
Board of Trade. During his remarks, which were listened to by
several hundred members of the
Board ot Trade as well as by pro-
'minent business men not connected
with the board, Lord Shaughnessy
briefly referred to what his company had done for Vancouver and
Victoria, to the position ot tho soldiers after the war, the question ot
immigration and the duty ot the citizens of Vancouver a3 well as of
the.entire Dominion in furthering
the  interests  of  this  country.
Prefacing his address with a brief
reference to the gentlemen who had
accompanied him on the trip to the
coast, Lord Shaughnessy alluded to
the Vancouver of twenty-five years
ago.
"When ynu look around," he said,
"and see the changes that have
taken place at that pediod, ynu feel
no doubt as we all feel that we are
all entitled to a great deal of credit
for the present conditions here.
-You have your splendid wharves.
your large ocean-going tonnage,
your magnificent streets and residential section, your splendid business blocks, and If I might be permitted to say it, probably the finest hotel on the continent." (Applause.)    V
"t think, too, that you will admit
whatever little differences we may
have had from time to time that,
during all these years your working partner, the C.P.H.. has neither
been niggardly nor narrow. I think
too, that if our friends and neighbours across the gulf in the older
city ot Victoria, where at present
business is not as brisk as it might
be, a situation that we are experiencing in many localities on the
continent, but I think that Victoria,
which lias made such marked progress and has been so exceedingly
prosperous in recent years, will also bear testimony to the earnestness
with which your partner assisted
In forwarding all their good works.
"The policy of the Company In
Victoria and at other points served
by the company's lines has been one
of creation antl improvement.
of creation and improvement. Sometimes probably we have overshot
the mark and have anticipated the
future, but wc did it with an Implicit confidence and there was only
A little while, to wait when everything would grow to what we had
'T.sn providing for in Vancouver as
_-ewhere The last three or four
j^irsi have been years ot depression
���-' bi'eiiness, not in Vancouver alone
Sl tougbout the country. Probacy ; _ >��ay be attributed to a de-
rV% 1.1 ov��r-confidence and no doubt
���j f)      <*__��*t to over speculation,
but we have all learned a lesson."
Lord Shaughnessy said that there
was evidence on which his banking
friends would bear him out, of decided improvement in trade conditions on the Pacific coast. The
lumber Industry beyond doubt Is
more brisk than It has been for a
considerable time, the mining is in a
very prosperous condition indeed.
The works that the company has
performed in Vancouver and its environments Involved a vast expenditure of money. It is true that we had
a substantial return for the town-
site that became the property of the
company at the time Vancouver was
established, but every dollar received from that townsite and many mil-
Ions more have been expended within the boundaries of the city. (Applause.)
"This is not the time to undertake
many improvements, not a time indeed to take anything in hand or to
say anything in the nature of promises of important works, but It is
clear to me that for the future requirements of the port it will be
necessary to spend a very large sum
on money in providing additional
jetty for which steps have already
been taken. The port in its present
stage ot development would bo a
matter of surprise to almost any
person who bad not followed the history of Vancouver. When the first
Empress came here in 1890, we hoped to secure traffic enough to feed
these three Empresses on the east-
bound voyage. Today we have tonnage beyond tho facilities that have
been provided at a cost of millions
of dollars and we can see that we
have in the future a very substantial increase in that tonnage. The
Oriental traffic which was divided
with a number of lines in which our
enemy made a great inroad can be
In a substantial degree diverted to
us and arrangements have been
made with Sic Russian authorities
that will insure a very large increase in the tonnage for Vladivostok passing through the port of
Vancouver."    (Applause.)
Lord Shaughnessy then referred
to what had been done by the C.P.R.
for the development of the mining
industry in the province, when the
Consolidated Company was at a low
ebb. He also made a brief referenco
I to the opening of the Kettl-? Valley
I Railway, and the fact lhat it waB
now nearer thc coast by rail. Speaking with regard to the Esqutmault
& NatUllmo Railway, acquired by the
company some yoars ago, he Haid j
that had been extended anel faeili-1
ties were now being provided for aj
very largely increased territory.
With tho return of better times, and
when conditions wore more favorable, no doubt extensions would be
made "without any demanel on tho
exchequer of the. province." (Laughter.)
"We must try to determine," said
Lord Shaughnessy, "what our policy
is going to bo in the future. I
rpeak for the policy of all of us who
are interested in the welfare and
progress of the Dominion. At the
moment we havo one working thing
that supercedes all others. The war
must be prosecuted to a successful
conclusion at all hazards. (Applause.)
Nothing that is either directly or
indirectly connected with the successful prosecution of the war
Should occupy more than a secondary place In our thoughts. The war
will not last forever.
"Indeed, there are those of us who
think that the end is not far off.
But whether It be this year or next
year or the year after, we must be
I prepared to take advantage of such
opportunities as may offer. Canada
bas made tremendous sacrifices in
money and men, giving direct demonstration of Canada's patriotic
loyalty to the Mother Country and
to the Empire. The fact that we
have taken such a strong position
that we have done so much to help
has won for us the sympathy beyond
doubt of Great Britain and, of British allies, and to the extent that
those nations can be of service in
forwarding large industrial and com
mercial   and   agricultural   interests,
operation.
"But I do not like the idea of de>
pending too much on the goodwill
of others. We must endeavor to do
the right thing ourselves. It is quite
useless, to my mind, to imagine that
because of the animosities arising
from the war, that tho Germans and
Austrians are to be shut out from
all civilized countries of the world,
compelled to confine their trade relations in their own countries and
with  each  other.
"Those feelings of animosity are
rapidly dissipated if there be a commercial advantage in forgetting that
they exist. We cannot count upon
that either as a very important influence in determining what our
policy must be. We must try to
frame our own policy and we must
try to carry it out vigorously, receiving, of course, such advantages
as may properly cu*r>n to us. But
our own capacity for business, our
own organization, our own energy
are the factors that will determine
what is exactly the' amount of progress we are going to make. (Applause.)
"At the bottom of everything la
immigration. We must have more
people, not only on the prairies
where there is grain, but here in
British Columbia, where almost everything can be grown, where there
is such room for the development
of our fisheries a#el timber and
mines, where the fruit industry can
be made ono of such vast importance. The question is, where are.
we going to secure those people.
Possibly the patriotic desire to see
that the returned soldier is cared
for may induce the country and
others to place soldiers on the land;
but I do not know that the soldiers
may care to go on the land, at least
for some time after they return from
their experiences on the battlefield.
To tho extent, however, that they
can be induced to take up land to
provide homes for themselves and!
families, they should be given thee
cheerful co-operation of evorv inter-
cst involved."    (Applause.)
Lord Shaughnessy issued a warning against allowing undesirables
into the country after the war, as
had been done on former occasions,
and suggested that such an organization as Ihe board of trade, an
organization of business men, ewould
be tho right people to look aflor the
development of,the land, of mining
and other industries, instead of a
government, which often was, ho
said, slow in its movements. "We
have ample time to make plans," he
said, "to Indufo good people to come
here. For several months after the
war all the ships on the Atlantic
will be engaged in bringing home
the troops, ho that the-je will not be
much opportunity to bring people
from Europe for a long time. During lhat Intervening period we must
have opportunities to see where
these people can be secured, the
kind of people that we should secure, and other Information that
will promote a scientific immigration propaganda.
"About the future we have no
doubt whatever. If wo continue as
we are, conserving our resources,
avoiding unnecessary expenditure
until we can afford it better, if we
conclude that our success is going
to be dependent entirely on our
own efforts and that any assistance
we get from other causes must be
considered extraneous and not essential, if we make up-our minds
that wo are going to be equal to any
country in the world, that of our
ability to do things there is no
question, there will be no doubt as
to tbe position of Canada in thc
future. T have not a doubt that
there are In this room many young
men who will see this,country with
a population troblo-1 at least, and
even larger figures might not be ex
cessivo if wo perform our duty as
I  have remarked."     (Applause.)
A hearty voto of thanks was accorded to Lord Shaughnessy on the
motion of Mayor McBeath, seconded
by Sir Cbarle3 Hibbert Tupper.
pean countries, It is known a- tbe
feudal system. Professor lie!! states
tliat the principle of feudalism i- that
all property in laud i-, held cither ��� 1 _���
reetly and immediately under the
crown, as paramount superior, oi indirectly as vassals ?" some intermediary or immediate hoi . mder
iln-   crown.    Tin-   two   -e,. , -
late-- of superior and vassal, from the
sovereign am! his immediate vassal
��� ".. nward to (he la-i stafee r tep
"i occupancy, were maintained bj a'
system, called subilifudation. Thc
grants were made by tlic- sovereij n -,"
his lore!s and vassals for :: ij tarj -cr
vices rendered or to be rendered.
Tims we see thai tlie couditi m if the
feudal grant is a burden upon ; tlie
lain! which the immediate vassals
have in a great measure got rid of and
shifted on to llie shoulder's of the
whole community, The- intermediate
vassals held their land from the immediate superior of the crou-n, and
the return was either military service or some tributary acquittance or
an annual money payment or rent.
Tlie feu or fee, unlike a lease, was
held in perpetuity, but it was so fixed
with irritances and restrictions that
on a breach of any of them it was in
the power of the superior to declare
a forfeiture. There was a prohibition against sub-infeudation and selling without the superiors consent,
and in cases when he did give his
consent he exacted a heavy penally
The heir had no right to marry without the superior's consent;" because
the superior got so much of the dowry, and had the right to choose a
wife for him. There was a double feu
duty payable at the entry of each
heir, and on a transfer to a stranger
there was exacted a year's rent or
its equivalent. The system of transference was so hedged about with
formalities that it was an expensive
and slow process to obtain an entry
and get a writ of acknowledgement
from the superior to a new vassal.
Although the mode of transference
has been simplified, and many of the
conditions modified or altogether
abolished, there are a number of privileges which the owners of land still
exercise, and enjoy to the prejudice
of the public. The feu charter generally makes a reservation of all
mines, metals, and minerals in favor
of tbe superior. "It was held at one
time that all the minerals belonged
to the crown, but by a decision of
the court in the reign of Elizabeth,
it was adjudged that while all the
precious metals pertained to the
crown, the baser metals belonged to
tlfie vajssal. This decision was of
very doubtful authority, but the
House of Lords in the reign of William and Mary, passed a law confirming it. These noble lords therefore
nferreef uipon1. themselves all the
minerals held by the crown for behoof
of the people, amounting in value to
billions of dollars, with an annual revenue of millions. They passed a law-
prohibiting themselves from grata ting
leases, except of very short duration,
because they were interfering with
the rights pf Iheir successors. Np
one bas been able to find out what
dead rents amount to, and as leases
are granted for short period, re*-nts
can easily bc raised. Cases have been
known where the dead rent bad been
tw-p hundred pounds and at the renewal of thc lease, was raised to two
thousand pounds. How much these
amount to has never been computed,
because thc superiors kept that secret
until lately they were forced to give
an account under the Finance Act.
The dead rent had to be paid from
the time the search for minerals began, and in many cases had to be paid
for years; and when the prospective
mine had to bc abandoned, as in
many cases no mineral was ever
found, and not one cent was ever returned to the lessee, who had to bear
all tbe expense of the initial outlay
in addition to tbe rents.
These baser metals and minerals
werb stolen from the people when
they were practically slaves, and when
they had' no voice in the making nf
the laws.
But the dead rents in connection
with these mines were not all. There
are royalties- amounting to about 4,-
000.000 pounds sterling per annum,
which are raised by a .charge of from
one to four shillings per ton delivered at the pit mouth. There is no
fixed royalty but each landlord ultimately charged tn all the consumers. In some instances in mining districts a lessee has to go through as
many as six owners claims until he
reaches his own. He has to pay for
this right of way, and also pays to
each of these owners one penny or
two pennies for every t..n of coal
that passes through their property.
Air leave and drain leave I one would
have thought that the air of heaven
was free), air for pumping down the
shaft into the pit ai'il drain leave
which takes away the water from the
pit, arc also charged for. and there
an- so many restrictions tliat l lie
considers hew the mines are worked
ai all. Ii i- ii.. wonder thai foreign
Ci al sella lucre cheaply in tbe United
Killgd nil than home cecal, when yon
nave i" paj for all these restrictions,
A duty i.n imported coal will only en-
abb- these landlords i" increase their
dead rent-, royalties, etc. It is not
protection again ;l ii fori Igncr we
want, it is pi ote tion :��� rainsl the
landholders, li is thou hi i ought
t" have some era tltudi to * the land
holders, because they forced
Charta from, an une. Hi king, but
gratitude cannot be extended to those
who appropriate lhe people's 1
lage, even when they do it by an _ct
[of I'arlianienl. Gratitude can hardly
lie extended for seven hundred years,
and t'i generations yet unborn. Mag
na Charta was wrested from the
king and the feudal lords ! estov i rl
the privileges on themselves, for at
that time the people were -hues who
procured the food and fought the bat-
tlcs. Men got the land for military
services. They kept the land, but
got rid of their obligations as soon
as (possible. At the time of the Crusades they paid a shield tax to hire
mercenaries to fight their battles, and
in the reign of William and Mary
theylgot rid of it altogether. They
made a valuation of their lands and
agreed to pay four shillings in the.
pound on their revenue from land in
lieu of military service, and there hail
been no valuation of their land from
that time uiilil 1910.. though the land
had increased in value twenty times
anel they paid, and still pay, on thc old
valuation. If they paid on the present value of land, it would be quite
sufficient to defray all the military
and naval expenses. Until the time
of William 111 there was no national
debt. Prior to that the nobles paid
the expense of any wars themselves,
and as they ruled the country, they
took good care that there should nol
bc any; but when they decided to
commute at their own will to a yearly payment which never increased,
wars became very frequent, and thc
national debt rose lo over eight hundred million pounds sterling, and before this war is finished, it will be a
huge millstone round the country's
neck. The nobles now have no interest to check it. Militarism affords
a good occupation to their younger
sons to lead an idle life, and they
have every reason to encourage it.
The people should see that there is a
valuation of the land every year, and
that tbe four shillings per pound is
duly paid. If they did this we would
soon find that military and naval expenses would decrease, and wars
would bc very few. Husiness men,
tradesmen and others have lo pay
according tn revenue of each current
year and why should land be taxed
at a valuation two hundred years
ago?
The tenuis or tithes arc a burden
on land which if they had been rightly
managed, would have ' produced
enough for old aire pensions, and
saved tlic stigma of pauperism and
given free education at both the primary ami secondary Schobls, with a
University training to any young man
or woman who wished il. The tithes
were claimed by the church, about the
fourth century, and out of them lhe
church paid the stipend of their bishops and clergy, and Supported tlie
poorly paid for education, They were,
however, sold to landlords called titulars, out nf which they paid one-
fifth of the' rent, but if they hail still
remained drawn titles over the whole
land of thc United Kingdom, one-
tenth of the rent would have amounted to a very considerable sum. As it
is the revenue from titles amount tn
the considerable sum of nearly six
million pounds sterling, which is
claimed entirely by the clergy, the
burden of maintaining the poor and
lUcation being shifted on to the
backs of the people, at a time when
they bad no voice in the management
of affairs. The effect of the various
dealings affecting tithes lias been that
heritors now have very generally heritable rights to such surplus tithes of
iheir lands as are left after providing
a suitable stipend to the minister of
the parish.
The law of succession to heritable
estate differs from the law nf succession lo moveables. Thc eldest son
succeeds tu the heritage left by his
deceased parent to the entire exclusion of the rest of the family. This
is known as the law of primogeniture.
Its result has been to keep large estates intact, so that the whole land
iu the United Kingdom is at present
owned  by  about   15,000  persons,  and
the other 45 millions are lamiless.    A
person   would  think   that  the  law  of
primogeniture   was  enough   to   keep
land  intact,  but these noble  lords decided   otherwise.     They   devised   the
law of entail,  that is  cutting off  the
right of succession of the heir-at-law
and destinating the land to a prescribed series of successors.    The deed of
entail  contains  certain  clauses  called
the fetters of the entail, which ope
ales   so  as   to   keep  the  eslate   intact
throughout the whole line of prescri I
ed succession; the heirs are fixed to
the   land,   ami   lhe   land   t"   the   heirs.
There are stringent clan-' - prohibit
ii:;. the altering of the order of
ces ion, and the alienation of ihi   i ���
tare  from  ihe heirs an !  till   .
li if debt    affecting   the   esfca i
'lie- .- wi re fence I I I  ml   t ith irritaM
and  resolutive  pi i and i
imposed a penalt*   e,-i the party i
Ira' ei ���������:      'I li    ii ritai :   clause   di
entail t<> be -":ll and
cleared tl c i
should the In
land.      th.
freely bought    I
tin se  ci n lii ii   j,
incurs deb
ti   with ii. bi
L-lli
ian
n I
if the pi
pay,  the
estate with a
single penny.
The feudal system was no dottbl
the best for the time, but it created a
monopoly in the persons of tin: lords
who came eventually to abuse the
trust reposed in Ihem. as monopolists
are sure lo do. Socialism professes t >
be very equitable for the workman.
but all monopolies have the characteristic of abuse or perversion e.i
power at the hands of those who have
the oversight or charge* so that I
would hesitate before I would pul
the land on such a footing. Thc only
solution, I" my mind, is a peasant
proprietory with small holdings similar tn France or Denmark.
(Tn   be   Continued   next   week)
WANTED ��� PUBLIC SCHOOL
graduates or high school students to
take shorthand or business courses
and pay for same from salary earned
after graduation. Only a limited
number accepted on this plan. Apply
at once in own handwriting to
Success Business College, Vancouver, B. C.
The Milk
Shortage
thai  is  now   affecting  thousands  of
young babies, children ami invalids as
well as the entire population of Xev
Vnrk and surrounding cities, has ._>e>111���
sn far as to create disorders and ri"|s.
Frantic mothers with young babies in
arms stormed milk stations and depots���police reserves were necessary
to disperse the crowd.
Thanks to our unlimited supplies
we are able tu serve SOU-VAN' Milk
regularly, am! without any fear "f
shortage or increase ill price. Those
mothers who are depending on us
can rely on our continued efforts to
maintain our high standard of qual-
ity and purity.
If ynu desire real milk phone now
tu Fairmont 2624 and ask for a trial
botle of SOU-VAX MH.K-tlie finest milk ever served iu Vancouver.
Scientifically handled all the way
from lhe ow In your 11.>,n-���delivered
c-le-an and Fresh in stirilincd bottles,
Same -price as  ordinary milk,
10c
SOU-VAN MILK
SOUTH VANCOUVER MILK CO.
Scientific  Dairymen
Twenty-ninth   and   Fraser
SOU-VAN CK1-. \.\
''���-pint   	
Cycling Dan says:
That by buying a Bicycle
You stop "bye-bye"
To many "a nickle"
Spent for cars
Or jitney fare.
Besides you can
Ride anywhere,
Pedal a Paragon���
And be glad
That you acted
On this "Ad."
Cycling can be made to pay
See Fred Deeley���now���Xoday.
FRED DEELEY
(The  Cycle Man)
1126   GRANVILLE   STREET
VANCOUVER

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