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The Standard Apr 22, 1916

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all next week at
��� PRINTING ���
Standard Prices. Standard Work
Standard   Printers
(formerly Chinook)
426 Homer St.        Seymour 470
Vol. IV, No. 51���Established 1911
VANCOUVER    B.C.,   SATURDAY,   APRIL   22,   1916
Price Five Cents
IN a series of articles in The Saturday Evening Post,
Mr. II. G. Wells lias been indulging in philosophical
reflections as to "what is coining" after the war. Mr.
"Wells, being a writer who bas attained much prominence
as an analyst of character, as well as an imaginative dreamer whose dreams have come so near io realisation as to
turn them  into prophecies  which  have been  fulfilled,  i*
A  Vancouver Man  Who is a National Figure
'MIX  MACKAY  was not bom  ...
Zorra nor in th,: County of Bruce.
Though starting   in into the world
with   these  tu.,  great  handicaps,  he
I persevered and became a great man in
the Presbyterian Church nf Canada.
Ile was born near Kintorc, Oxford
His refjec-  County' ��"t'1 a sl,oft Stance from
I the  base  line  between   East   Missouri I
well qualified  to reflect on  what  i
tions, however, are seemingly governed by bis reputation. I
He fears rigidity lest at any lime in Ihc future he be pinned j:". '""' Z"rra' "" ""*' east Xi-"*"-"'
���down to something be has  written and left struggling  to i '**" +'   '""'c   "ear   ell0u8h   '"   "tell
���concile what has happened with his present conception   ' '" ""* s,'"'il "' """' Zorras' Thel
of what is going to happen.    That is the worst of a repu-
taiton.   It destroys initiative and decision. It is the smoked
glasses  of  speculation.     It   clouds   rather   than   clears   the
vision.    In brief, Mr. Wells seems to have written these
articles  wilh   his  eye  on   the   public-  and   ihc   publishers.
Presumably they will be published as a book and Mr. Wells
has  been  fettered  by  tlieir  binding.    They  may  be  used
some years hence as evidence against him  when next he
indulges   in   philosophic   reflection.     If   they   destroy   his,
reputation as a prophet they may also destroy bis pypu- 1>eo'      a'"' ""
jarity,  though,  truth  to tell,   Mr.  Wells is  probably  little   WCr�� .m'a?y '" n'umbeFS' :i family ',r��-
coiiccriied wtib that. gressive iu business and active iu poli-
'          tics,   were  not  of   Covenanter  stock,
THE RETURNING SOLDIERS and consequen},y rcgarded witn sus.
at   twelve   years   01   age   they   moved
him to Lucknow,  lirttce County.
In Last Nissuori there were many
non-Presbyterians and probably this
fact may have had a bearing on the
removal of thc Mackay family. One
llielan' man had said of East Nissouri
that "There are three kinds of people
there���the Lord's people, the Devil's
Days."    The  Days
Thus the articles leave the reader unsatisfied. ('ne or
two of them stir the imagination and indicate a more definite conclusion to a train of thought than occurs in most
���of them. In a sense they are vague and possibly they
could be nothing else. It is impossible to state with any
���certainty "what is coming" after tbe war. A great deal
���depends mi the length of the war and its final results, that
is, the final territorial changes the. war will make. But
ignoring such uncertainties, there is one certainty on which
we can reckon without prophesying and for which we
-ought to make proper provision. The men who have joined
the army for the war will return to civilian life, and the
longer the war the greater number of men who will finally
return, expecting employment. In llritish Columbia the
legislature has at last, under the pressure of circumstances,
tried to combine some new land legislation with provision
for the returned soldiers. It is, like ��o much of Mr. Bowser's legislation, hurried on for lhe purpose of the elections.    It  is an  attempt  to make use of the Agricultural
picion by certain of the more old-
fashioned pioneers from Sutherland-
At seventeen years of age John
Mackay was tbe teacher at Holyropd
School, at Holyrood, Out. There
were  eighty  pupils  on  the  roll  and
I'n ler peaceful circumstai i es ��� either in Canada nor tbe
United States is there an army of any kind ivorthy of the
whin In- recovered his health am ::,:,:' '' ' problem of preparedness in the United States
[worked in the coal trade for two " being mel b) exact!) the form of opposition noted in a
years, lie worked hi-, ��ay through preceding paragraph. Each state wishes to preserve its
Toronto University, lb worked his own ''"'l' army. It desires not to have a national army
way through Glasgow University. In '-"'t a series of separate state armies under separate state
1902 be came to the Crescent Street control and separate state commands, none of which would
Presbyterian Church in Montreal, me ' '' efficient, none trained, none of any use in war time,
of the six largest Presbyterian Chur- because there had been no co-ordination iu peace. Why?
ches  iii  Canada.     He  preached   the
for seven years, Then he came to
Vancouver, founded Westminster
Hall, the local Presbyterian College.
He is at present Principal of Westminster Hall. President of the organization which owns Langarra and
Braemar Schools in Vancouver, and is
Moderator   of   the   Synod   ol    British
Rev.  Prin. John  Mackay,  B.A., D.D.
the young school master  was  paid a
salary of $375 a year.
He taught at Holyrood for two
years and when his health broke down
be went home to Lucknow for a
short   period.     He   went   to   Detroit
Simply because the il.terests of various politicians in
various slates demand that the money paid out for the
army should be of benefit to the state. Tliere is no sense
of >crvice to the nation, no attempt to get tbe best system
of national defence. Secretary Garrison resigns and President Wilson changes bis mind about the system he had
previously endorsed and now holds to the state principle
because there is an election in sight. He asks a notorious
pacifist like Xewton U. Baker to become secretary for
Columbia, Rev. John Mackay, D.D., I wari thus trying to pander to the peace at any price parties
is an orator and writer. Few men in and at the same time gain the confidence of those politi-
Canada have a wider personal infill- ��� cians who place the interests of their state far above those
ence. His father and mother were ��f the country. That is an excellent example of how de-
immigrants      from      Sutherlandshin   mocracy works.   The rule of the people invariably means
the rule of thc demagogue. Those who make the most noise
attract the most attention. Vou cannot mention rational
defence or common sense preparedness without being
accused of militarism. "1 did not raise my son to be a
soldier" becomes the sacred hymn of a nation's motherhood. All idea of the son being a citizen of tbe state is
cast aside for fear lest that son may have to sacrifice his
life for the state instead of the state eternally pandering
to his material ease and comfort.
nearly a hundred years ago. '1 hey
helped to silve the bind problem in
Ontario and many other problems.
They came to Canada to get jcjj
from ovcr-Iordism and tyranny. Is it
any wonder that Westminster Hall
man should have a word to say occasionally about thc enemies of democracy when they show their heads
either inside or outside of the gates of
the Empire?
That is why some system of national service is imperative to a nation. The Republic of France is perhaps
practical when bc returns. He will not want prorBfecs.-fof anv kind must presume to assume popular control The ",e ��rc':lt("'st������'������mocracy in the world, but at tbe back of the
but performance. He will not want to be treated as a whole contest between tbe Social-Democratic party and the repl,bllc ,s thc c,t,zen arn|y- Every man in France serves
popular charity, but as a sensible human being. Nor, Emperor was for control. Democracy was fighting auto- ��� the ",l|,r('ssl"n k'u lj-v scrvlce !asts a" through life,
above all, will he desire to be isolated, lie may likelthc! cracy, bul autocracy was using all the weapons of demo- "' tlu'rr " "" tr&,mn�� "! any -"'nd m the democracies
"out-of-doors," but he  will have developed the  social in-1 cracy.    Because  Germany has run  amuck, obsessed  with ' ]'!mm- the United Slates and Canada.   Australia
stinct extremely strongly.   He will be a gregarious not a the idea of world domination, all that was admirable in r"d New Zealand' surel*>' a,**""�� the m"st advanced de-
' German methods is not destroyed.    We must learn to re-! mocr^"e? '"  **>'e 'hl>' have ;"'"I"1''' national service with
magnificent  results.     Ihc  people  of Australia  recognized
solitary individual.
Or again, imagine the man who has been a memhei
Credits  Bill as a bolster for ihe totally discredited policy  one or other of the unions and has enlisted and beqj
f the bill will be called [a member of the great new fraternity of those who ha.e
served their country. He returns to civil life and per
chance lo his union.    He will note at mice that his old
of pre-emptions.    Any criticisi
unpatriotic, as the pre-emptions have been set aside for
returned soldiers. It shows every sign of the co'nfitsion
which always exist in lhe blind of the Minister of LalMs, comrades have not changed in the least, that the leaner
Mr. Ross, and lhe chicanery which stamps all liic work, are still filled wilh their own importance and a desire fur
���if the Premier. This article, however, will not deal with office; that im.ovations are distrusted and lhat the ban*,
what is known as The Homesteadiiig Hill, lor before il is conception of thc relations between capital and labor, still
possible to consider lhal bill from a business like point of prevail. He will probably also find his late cmpl.-yer in-
���view, il is necessary to consider "ulial- is'coiuitr-i" alter'I'.'Jinmwtii- he-patrwtnsui^ and expei -ting -Ifi'l'i to se!;h-"Ta*��'
the war. especially what is coming to thc general fouiida- to bis job under exactly the same conditions as befbre
tions of our social existence \ writer without reputation lie will find bis church still jogging along mi the same
is not trammelled like Mr. Wells, lie can indulge his lines; the same old cry for moral reform from cxactlyjthe
fancy. Ye* in dealing wiih our "social existence'-' iu this same type of people as before; in a word, that while be
article, the writer refers chiefly to the question of work has changed and everyone with whom be has been asso-
and'employment which is, after all, the'underpinning of the i ciated for thc past few months has changed, those wtio
have   stayed   at   home   have   not   changed   and   never   can
' angc until they arc choked off their prejudices by some
such  convulsion  as  he bin.self has experienced.    Thai  is
why  some  publicists  believe  that  revolution  may   follolv
I the war, riot i" one but several countries in Europe.   Thai
also is  why  such  men  as   Mr. Wells arc  trying  to malje
'people think.    If we arc going t" remain opportunists avid
, Micawber-like, always wait for something to turn up before
we show anv signs of common sense, we may anticipate
cognise the dividing line between the practice which was
the basis of Germany's success and the theory which wa*
the basis of her madness. Directly she attempted to turn
tllat theory into practice she failed. That is why so many
believe that the tragedy
that of the nations she has temporarily crushed.    She has
that ihey could not make laws against other nations without endangering their own safety. Therefore they came
1" the common sense conclusion that if democracy desires
,  ,-   .. to make laws it must also take the responsibility of pro-
I (icrinany is greater even than ,        .,,,,. ���
I tecting those laws.    Was there ever in  this world a more
tilled  the  hatred and contempt of the  whole  world  .,m.' |,!,llu',i''   SpeCtaC,e   "';";   tl,e   l'"it'*'1   Stalcs   with   its   100'-
really   wonderful   organisation   has  mf����   '" lab'ta,Us'   lts   war-incentive   Monroe   doctrine,
,, r i    I and its helpless army  and navy.   'Ihc response to Presi-
lent Wilson's appeal  for 20,000 volunteers for  Mexico re
side   Germany.     I
been turned against herself as a destructiv
creed of "the stale can do no wrong" has plunged her int
abysmal  depths
of her people.
if  infamy and  warped   the  whole  genius
sen ing the state.
you  will  probabl
whole  social  problem.
Any   i-onsiilerali if   "what   is  coming'
on what is alreadj apparent. Bj the end
probable that in Canada alone some 400,1)1
been actively employed in the army itself,
utterly .banged tlieir point of view. They
the value of diseipli
if the
e nasei
.'ar it is :
I men will ha'
They will ha'
ia\ <
discipline, ot uutinlivi
efficiency. Myilai v life w ill have ei
[liferent manner i . any oducatin
beret.-I .re. Tliej will I e accustoi
will also be accust med I ��� resp iisihilifj ai
Hundreds i I i icm will have foughl tht ir
the ranks, thousands of them will have i
as non commissi' n< I offi i rs For m mth
will have lived in the i nmediate presence
what sort "f effei i will tlieir exper
outlook w hen thi y return I low
former acquaintances ai 1 surroun
sery large number e.i\r been Fe I
���ever before. I u Ore u Hi itain esp
case, and w e ha\ c to ' usidei ti ��� i
probable   <>'
ain, them
the;    !>;.*.<
ni a
re *<
i\ e
most troublous and uncomfortable times during thc pri -
cess of settlement after the war. For the essential difference between those who have served their country air
those who have stayed at home is Ibis. The former haw
ay up through |eaj.n| instinctively to think of others before themselves
,:,",,:in,>l1  men   while the latter arc still  sunk to the axles in the  slougl
at '' t,me tl,ey  of their own petty interests.
d death.    N'"' ,
There is a great deal of difference between the state
serving the people and the pe pie
the balance between the two and
I'.e; the besl f irm of g ivernmeht, All history an 1 thus
all experience teaches that under the autocratic rule of a
strong monarch and a clever minister, a state becomes
wealthy and powerful, respected and prosperous. Under
a democracy, that is thc rule of the people, it graduallly
deiays. Aihcs, Venice, Rome, Holland, have all been
excellent examples of this historic rule. Today the spread
of education and the enormous extension of the press has
altered matters considerably. The newspapers, rightly
considered, shoufcl hold the balance between the people
and the state. In former days such men as Richelieu,
Cromwell, Pericles, Napoleon, and even Bismarck, did
.."*. have i i i ay very much attention to tiie pit"--. They
made lhe peoi le serve t ie --late and in tlieir owe person
US   we
ve il
-1 lie   Sl
��� iii Ca.
���pie   111
attempt mai
lie  p.
".!'"'  .
state is
e party ���
people   I,
nly d
II  Ihey  regard   l' eil
Idem i- lei'. I ten
the whole ol oil
past hist ir* ai sin
portion of our pop
i"tall' different spb
ner of life. I s il no
life the*  i' ill deman
mode  of  thought  ai
men  in  Great   Britau
tnswercd their country's
     -  -ire-.- and
ace and happin
e 1
iat wi
ml p;
e-l   i.
Ihe  a
i '
[i .1,
1" i
Hy have to co;
our social exi
considcr-A4*le '
tion for the in
The New Wo.
World/' or w,
r of that pice
pr \
cr la
���I-.;- i
.'.hen discussing '
alter the .war is
r of years has  1c
���mem , f working
,i wecy splashed a
s Compensation .
i that effect.    Pri
egislation claims
e   !
e-l    II
world, quite i
nis of the fact th
rnity ���
- the otlu
sen e   In
weakness,     \- long
ur  iuiln idual
���   ii according I      tu
\mi Tl
i . ib.
'i  H
i.in n i trail ifoi in tin ci s mi ���
,,,., and aoopi a totally different in'aji
certain that when they return to rivi
I that we transform o'urseti es Hid bti
,1 ��� ,i  PRI iL'KED  l'i' L.EOISL *\TI
% *v
FOR   'I III''.   It  t I'RE   IV
'COMI'l. U'K.VI'  V\ W  Wl
TI 11; PAST?
This, I think, will bc admitted
the outlook of thousands upoi
have never been out of Cana la
who ha* c deemed themselves more
lhe rest of llie world b)  il"'   Ulanti
���:i) i?
��� him ih
such lei
V .il  sec
many w
but  are  now generally admitted  to  be  "the  best  in  .the
world."   But Germany long ago recognised that if she '"-1 s,.Ulicr
'tended to dominate the commercial world she must make, ^ was
t me of these inl
duty first to the suite, it is
L'atetis them thai thev unite in
flic war has in
lai   claim  for a similar act  during  tlu
elieVes lhe act as now drawn with the   .;
of the astute Jlr. J.  II. McV.cty of the.k.
Council and two other commissioners,
: labor vole.    The experience of Ger-
islation is not only very large but very j NATIONAL SERVICE  FOR LABOR
ted.    The acts have been amended  several  times j     Xnu.  sUpI,osing  li;at  instead  of every able-bodied   mar
now generally admitted  to  be  "the  best  in  the |'bejng nl.1,;t. ,,, serve (he slaU. ,-,���. ,���.,, ,���. th:ee years as .,
-onscript, every able-bodied man from 19 P
c to serve the state as a laborer. For two or
every citizen of Canada would work for Can-
seiy the
suited iu ten days in adding 1269 men to the ranks of the
army. Vet politicians in the United States talk about
keeping I'limpc-oul of the we-uern hemisphere; grandiloquently proclaim the day when the "Stars and Stripes shall
wave fn m thi Korth Pole to Panama"; and in Congress
speak as il every nation in the world were inferior to the
greal American nation. Meanwhile a common-place ban-
dit like Villa ,'.alks into a military camp and "shoots it
up." Surely the melancholy spectacle which the United
States presents t" an astonished world is sufficient proof
of the utter want of common sense exhibited by a "great
and free democracy " I- Canada going to learn her lesson
in time**from this spectacle or is she going to drift back
to what she was before the war:   Judging by the attitude
of a h '. many of our legislators, politicians, ward-heelers
and societies for the promulgation of hysteria among a
rather meddle'' democracy. Canada will drift along as be-
fore. But fortunately Canada has made her sacrifice apd
learnt the lesson i . service to the state, and the men who
return from the war will 11�����t allow Canada to drift into her
old I ai kw it
Let us    ��� I g.        ���    f our heads that national
serviei it let us get into  air heads the idea of
' lal Ing naliriial I liti da. - ,\ill be
fraiil ti is they feai the result
'��� ' '       rht to tbe
last gas| ��� tional sen ice on
the are so used to
'    ' - les that   they
illy i live of labor.    The
,'ith ii trigue and
-   in;     ih- i  body in
i    nopoliic
.','.,    ,,;".   up to the
if  at   any   lime  they
-ire-  ,,.    the   cin-
thc m.i 'iis.    The
> pri\ ilege they ha\ e ever
thej   can   foi
her workmen not only efficient but more or less content.]t|,|.ec ,
What Germany did not recognise was that if yon educateKida on
me tern
te fights foi
ir tl
United Stale
less is talc
ami  Pacific i
These pe qde, and among them
of those who take a great  inlr
and provincial polities, d i nol
not de-ire to realise the chane. B the war is making
have been accustomed to a certain modi   if thought eitMi
in their churches, tlieir lodges', iheir union- or ami ng their
acquaintances.    Their minds  have been  turn ' -"  long
to the minds of men who think ��s they think ibat the}'
cannot conceive of lhe change which has been wrought in
the minds of those who hftve experienced the war themselves or who .at any rale have sufficient iniaginati'
realise something of the war's re'oluti iharj aspects.
imagine sorncjiT the men from the front sitting and listen
iiig to the reading by Mr. Koss in the local leglsUtti
work or to allow    thers I Perhaps the war will
si rve 0     bangc these       i  litii i -  somewhat.    The greater
portion    d  the returned  -  Idiers  will not be handled by
the unions, but by the government,   If tin unions had been
aide,   temporarily at  least,   to   forget  their  own  interests,
"r   they  miglll  have thrown  themselves heart and  soul  into
in* , this problem and long ago determined on some course by
'.'    which  they  would  have  co- iperated  with  all  employers
the pcplc, as she educated them, for thc purpose of oreat-, He  would  be paid  for his  work,  housed,  fed and  ���"!  thoii; tlirouKTn.ut   the   Dominion,   so   that   every   labor   temple
ing'wealth and power for the state, eventually they wilUby the government.   But the government recognising that wonJr]  have 1 ecu  the  equivalent  of a  Labor  Exchange;
think that they, after all, constitute the state and are cap-["to tui'n lhe whole manlio id of the state into two or three  They would not have wailed, any more than the govern-
,��� a very large i ���tion (able of ruling.   NS country in the world was so fanadvajic-,years of unpi-i du'etive labor was inefficient and. wasteful, ment snould have waitc(*, for outside enterprise to suggest
,, In pariuliial, municipal  cd   as   Germany   in   socialistic   legislation,   because   GcN .would TURN THE  MANHOOD OF THE STATE TO  labor  bureaus  and  a  .encral   .--ordination  of all  enter-
cafise and apparently do  mahy's rulers saw that the inevitable outcome of Sorial=I PRODUCTIVE WORK.   This form of National Service prises en.eascd in the problem of finding employment for
kiiitr.    The     -ni 'was M centre all power iu the stale.   "1 ,'etat e'est mm",' would be  conducted under precisely  the  same conditions j th(, mon  who u.ll|rn from ^ war    Tq (hc ho]mr 0- thfi
aid Louis XlVth���and his words have often been echoed.j.as military service is elsewhere.    Such work would entail  unjons iet it be said that they have nobly risen to their
,y William 1 Ind of Germany. | physical training as well as very effective and much needed   responsibilities as far as their own members are concerned,
less ns in discipline and understanding of one's fellow men. j|,l|t they migh, hav.e/*gbne  further and initiated a system
Such   a   system   would   form   a   permanent   army  of   labor Lj  distribution   of  labo* ill rut e bout  the  Dominion  which
It   was  conscription  in  Germany which  helped  her  for j which  would act like a sponge in  preventing any  un'em-  Would  have  made a inaguificc.it  basis on  which  to  con-
v,,  hum  to maintain discipline  and order throughout  thei 'ployiuent.    Tbe regular army, together with those serving ! ���tnu.t a permanent police of employment.
State  and  to  instil  into  her  people   that  orderliness  and I their period of national service, would undertake all gov-
method which has so distinguished her commercial as well j eminent work, which at  present  is  left to private  enter-   ABSURD  OF COURSE���BUT YET!
as   her  military  development.    Under  the   circumstances j prise, seemingly entirely financed by the government.   Tbe       It is of the utmost importance to the economic health
I   lhe  rulers  of  Germany  invariably depended  finally  upon I men in that arm;- could be taught bow to slibbt straight   of the whole community that as far as possible there should
nditions   in   Canada   are   such
ii li
160  the army.    The army  stood not only between  Germany j and their work would, fit them for most work in the field | be   no   unemployment.     G
. g ti       ���   '   '.    '" *'    j        !||(, war   ;in(| the. world, but between Germany's rulers and people, j in case of defence.    But they would  form a real  citizen [ that at  certain  seasons  of the  year there  is more work
aiu so    am    or eviiv  s   u nrobablv never  oc-   However far these rulers advanced social legislation they | army, an army that is essentially a peace army and which j than labor, and at other seasons more labor than work.
..-      > -JLj  , tl     A    I      'I    'Otild immediately   were  absolutely  determined   that  tbe  advance  must- not j in all probability would be entirely paying its way by its j Tbe   advantage   of   approaching   this   problem   from   the
curred to the ' mister o    Jin s,    u   i .,���������l,mslv ' entail anv loss of personal power.   No popular movement i own productive work. point of view of National  Service is this.    Large bodies
occur to the man from the front.   He: will lie trein��iiuuu��*j | I ���PM
��lj? *��tanharii
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of men would be available in different centres for distribution to where there was work. There would be a regular
Standing army of workers which would form the nucleus
of the whole system. At certain periods this army might
be extremely small as drafts were made upon it by private enterprise. But at the same time there would bc the
two or three year service brigades who would be reserved
for national work. It is a curious fact tllat thousands of
men will willingly risk tlieir lives to kill other men or i
conquer territory, but would laugh at the idea of serving'
a short period of their existence in an army whose main |
purpose was constructive. They will volunteer to spend
months in a muddy trench in Flanders, but would think it
extraordinary to volunteer to build a highway through
llritish Columbia. Yet the war has brought about a change
which is bound to revolutionize conditions. In Grcat Britain today there is a huge army of voluntary workers not
in private employment, but thc employment of the state.
Their total earnings are enormous. "What is to come"
out of this entirely new condition? You cannot dismantle
your factories and turn the workers out on to the street.
You can only gradually turn them to other and more productive work. Here, however, you have the basis of National Service.
It is no use crying out that this or that suggestion is
socialistic or futile. We have to abandon our line of
thought and seriously consider whether we are going. Are
we to cling to our old beliefs and our old prejudices which
have proved their weakness when we have the opportunity,
if only we had the will, to break entirely new ground.
Canada of all nations is most favored because she has such
an enormous variety of resources and a variable climate.
Here on the Pacific Coast we flatter ourselves wc are virile
and all that is summed up by "western." Judging by our
actions wc are no mure progressive than the east. Anyone
with foresight or imagination can glimpse some "f the
vast possibilities which have become practicable through
the war, and think how to deal with them. Hut when we
turn to the legislature the people despair. The whole issue
at Victoria is simply whether a petty little party politician
can keep himself in office by pandering to every interest
which conies along with some new demand. There is not
the slightest indication of statesmanship or determination
to provide for the future on proper lines. 11 should take
weeks and months of hard concentrated work to lay the
Foundations of any policy on wlveh we can build our future. Instead first one bill and then another is rushed
through the legislature as a proof of "business." We have
to begin at the beginning. Wc have to ask what gave
Germany her strength and would have given her the domination of thc world���if she had not gone to war. It was
her attention to detail and her recognition of the fact tliat
a nation to be prosperous cannot afford to waste its material resources, either human or natural. One of the first
things for which wc have to legislate is the elimination of
human waste. Once that is accomplished we have to concentrate on the development of our natural resources.
National service should not be confined to militarism. It
should embrace productive work as well as thought.
It is no use to dismiss the problem which has thus arisen
by thc easy route of the nationalisation of industry. Wc
have apparently taken many long strides along thc road to
such a result but immediately we direct the energies of
these new voluntary workers into productive channels, we
introduce the element of competition between national
and private enterprise. The market problems of supply
and demand cannot be entirely regulated and the prices
of manufactured articles are regulated by supply and de
mand. The millenium as depicted by Edward Bellamy in
"Looking Backward" is not yet, but there is an immense
amount of national productive enterprise which should
gradually absorb the surplus labor of what may be called
industrial competitive enterprise and stabilise thc demand
and supply of labor. There is skilled and unskilled labor
and it is to the problem of unskilled labor particular attention should be directed. If all unskilled labor is con
stantly employed there will be very little skilled labor
unemployed. The proulem is really only touched on here.
No attempt is made to work it out to any logical conclu
sion. The need of the day is for men calmly to sit down
and think out the possibilities of the future; basing their
reasoning not on the prejudices of the past but on what
is happening today. It will not do to generalize. Each
phase of- the situation must be examined, each different
kind of labor carefully scheduled!. It is in this kind of
reasoning that Germany has led the way and made many
practical experiments.
The men who have served Canada at the front are naturally not going to be satisfied with the old conditions.
We cannot expect them, after experiencing the tremendous stimulant of organized effort, to calmly acquiesce
in the old haphazard methods. Canada has an extraordinary opportunity to lead thc way on this hemisphere and
by so doing to increase her population and wealth at a
very great rate. We arc accustomed to follow the lines
of least resistance and worry ourselves with all kinds of
fads and fancies imported from the United States, which
is the happy hunting ground of quackery. This war has
put us years ahead of our great neighbor in the possibilities of adapting ourselves to "what is coming." Our labor
unions and our various associations for various purposes
were never before so united on one object, nor so unselfishly looking to the good of thc state. The war has made us
pull together, it would bc a thousand pities if peace were
to pull us apart once more. The men who wi
to us from lhe war, added to the thousands of people
who arc quite likely to emigrate to Canada after, the war,
should form a nucleus on which wc can all combine. If
we can solve our labor problem through some such method
as has been suggested, there will be a tremendous influx
of peuple and capital from the United States.
There is only one way of tackling this problem of "what
is coming" after the war. The Dominion government
should consult with each Provincial government and discover exactly what can and cannot be done. Presumably
if matters are left as they are the employers are expected
to take back the men who have enlisted regardless altogether of circumstances which may then exist, or whether
thc returned men will be fit or even willing to accept the
old life. These men have seen a vision, they have had the
scales torn from their eyes, and have faced life nakedly.
They cannot be expected to be content with the old life.
They will come back to a land popularly supposed to be
flowing wilh milk and honey and find the milk watered
because a bacteriologist has persuaded some association
that pure mlik is liable tn bring on fatty degeneration, and
the stickiness taken out of the honey because some children have spoilt their clothes while eating it. They will
find the whole tendency of modern legislation towards
protecting this or thatiperson from this or that temptation. They vvill find the real wealth of the land and the
productive power of thc people remain atrophied simply
because this or that legislature cannot borrow more money
to carry on public work and private enterprise will not
ihvest because It never knows what legislation may be
discovered necessary to the salvation of the people.
"The liulli nt all times firmly stand*
And shall from ngc Id ngc endure."
THE agitation for a compulsory half-holiday for clerks
is going merrily forward. Citizens do not seem to
realize that if this measure is put into effect a sad
blow vvill be struck to the business life of the cily.
While it would appear that a weekly half-holiday would
be desirable from the standpoint of employers and employees, it does not seem the right thing that the privilege
of settling upon the date of the half-holiday should not
be left to the people directly concerned.
Anyone who has made the most superficial investigation
of the situation knows that Saturday afternoon, in the
city of Vancouver at least, has become the biggest buying
day in the week. Among the daily newspapers Friday is
the big day for thc retail advertisers. They spend hundreds of thousands of dollars every month putting forward
special advertisements every Friday of wares which are
to be offered on Saturday afternoon.
There is a merchant on Hastings Street who employs
eight clerks the year around. Last Friday these eight
clerks took in a total of $85.00. The following afternoon
the same eight clerks took in over $600.00. This may be
taken as a typical case. Saturday is the big day for the
retailer and the retailers and thc consumers have been
educated up.to the habit of tloing most of their buying
during the hours the agitators would be pleased to have
the stores-darkened.
Saturday afternoon is the buying day for the out-of-
town trade. Visitors from the smaller centres up country,
from the Fraser Valley, from points on Vancouver Island,
come to Vancouver for the week-end. It is the most convenient time for them. They come each week-end in large
numbers and there coming has meant the keeping alive of
a good many retail institutions in this city during good
and bad times. We are a city, not in anywise self-supporting. We are dependent absolutely upon thc outside. It
would scarcely bc good business to place upon the statute
books any legislation calculated to cut Vancouver off from
the outside communities. There is no doubt but lhat Saturday closing would he a splendid institution for Eaton
and Company of Winnipeg and Toronto. It would he a
good thing for lhe mail order houses. For these outside
institutions may do business every day in lhe week that
railways, post offices and express companies keep open.
The tourist who strikes Vancouver on a Saturday afternoon and finds the stores closed will think that he has
conic to a city of the dead. Ile will likely take the first
train out. If he is an American he vvill head directly for
Seattle and thc change of garments Canadian laws prohibit him from buying in Vancouver on Saturday afternoon.
The weekly half-holiday proposal might well be left in
leturn I t],e hands of the merchants and their employees for settlement. The British way has proved satisfactory. In Ihe
old country they have their weekly half-holiday but no
Prussian rule is made that it shall be on any one afternoon. This matter is settled by the parties interested
and the half-holidays are distributed over the week among
the trades in such a manner that every business is closed
a half day during thc week���the day most suitable to tbe
particular trade interested.
It would seem that if the clerks are well advised they
will co-nperate with the heads of the firms and turn a
deaf car to political tricksters who apparently have created
the Saturday afternoon boon as a commodity to trade for
votes. Such co-operation upon the question of the half-
holiday might result in more and better business for the
retail trade of Vancouver, and more and better positions
for intelligent and efficient clerks.
RITISH COLUMBIA, from the point of view of the
moving picture producer and the moving picture exhibitor, is the Jonah among the Provinces and States.
We have here a censorship of motion pictures more strict
than anything of the kind which exists over the North
American film. Thc moving picture censor has complete
control over the motion picture industry in this Province.
He has caused exhibitors tremendous losses and has robbed
lhe public of the pleasure of viewing many an artistic production.
So severe did the local Caesar's censorship become that
the producers down Xew York way thought it would be
a good idea to teach some of the people of British Columbia a lesson.    They therefore held a meeting and decided
that each house should release .it'll feet of film each week
which would set forth scenes and stories calculated to hold
British Columbia up to the ridicule of the world.
This was ralher a severe threat and had it been carried
into effect the damage that would have been done tbis province would have been incalculable. Because the motion
picture business of America has a world-wide circulation.
The producers had a scheme whereby ihey would show
for instance a picture, entitled, "Street Scene in Vancouver." There Would be set forth after tbis caption a scene
showing a farmer stuck with a team of horses in a mud
hole ill from oi a rickety building which would be marked
"City  Hall."
Another picture would claim lo set forth "Fine Building
Lois al Port Mann." This picture would show some of the
famous industrial scenery ill that sub-division which went
to lhe unwary al a thousand a  front foot.
Wc do not know what the picture producers said to the
British Columbia authorities. Hut we do know that since
the plan was first printed the censorship has relaxed somewhat.
Now the Government has a new way of getting after
owners of picture houses. They are granting close corporation privileges to thc moving picture machine operators and centralizing all power formerly held by the municipalities in a department of the Government at Victoria.
In fact every phase of lhe motion picture business has been
brought, like the whiskey trade, under the order-in-council.
In time the moth n picture trade in this Province will
he released from bondage. In the meantime if the government is making any changes in the act. it might be well
to incorporate some of the ideas which have been applied
in other communities, Saskatchewan, Alberta and Manitoba have a joint censorship at Winnipeg. This cuts down
the cost of administration and saves the picture exhibitors
time and money. 'They have a board at Winnipeg and the
ruling of this body is seldom questioned by lhe picture
"E? VERY tax ought to he so contributed as both to
Li take mil and keep out of the pockets of the people
as little as possible over and above what il brings
���into the public treasury"���this from Adam Smith in the
"Wealth of Nations," This Slimming up of lhe whole
free trade platform has been accepted as the motto of a
new organisation which has come into existence at Winnipeg.
A movement is on foot lo hold a convention at an early
date, at some central point, for the permanent organization
of a h'ree Trade League. A provisional organization has
been effected in Winnipeg, for lhe purpose of carrying out
the necessary preliminary work to holding the convention,
Very considerable work will have to be done in the direction of publicity and detail before the proposed convention can be held. Tbe first thing undertaken by the provisional committee was to consult with leading free traders
throughout the West by correspondence. The result of
this correspondence has been most gratifying. In almost
every instance enthusiastic replies have been received
offering co-operation and assistance in every way possible.
The belief has been generally expressed that the time is
more than ripe for the organization of a great movement
for trade freedom. As an indication of the general favor
with which the proposal has been received it may be stated
that about $1,000 has been voluntarily subscribed, practically without solicitation or publicity effort.
In the provisional organization a special effort has been
made to select a committee who would give their time and
attention to the work of the league, rather than to select
more widely-known names. The local committee in charge
of thc preliminary work is composed of experienced workers, who will give their time uustintingly to tbe cause of
Following are the names of the provisional advisory
board and local committee: Dr. Michael Clark, M.P., Red
Deer, Alberta; Alex. Macdonald, wholesale merchant, Winnipeg, bonary presidents; D. W. Buchanan, president; E. J.
Fream, Calgary, vice-president I'm* Alberta; C. A. Dunning,
Regina, vice-president for Saskatchewan; R, C, Hendcrs,
Culross, vice-president for Manitoba; Hugh Mackenzie,
treasurer; S. J. Farmer, secretary; F. M. Black, Geo. Lane,
R. J. Deachman, A. J. Samis, Geo. H. Koss, Calgary, Alta;
Hon. Chas. Stewart, Edmonton, Alta; H. W. Wood, Car-
stairs, Alta; G. P. Smith, M.L.A., Camrose, Alta; Hon. Geo.
Langley, Wm. Trant, Regina; J. B. Mussebnan, Dr. W. 11.
Wardeli, Moose Jaw; Cecil St. John, Minnedosa; W, R.
Wood, M.L.A., Franklin; John Williams, M.L.A., Melila;
L. St. George Stubbs, llirtle; F. J. Dixon, M.L.A.; R.
L. Richardson, A. W. Puttee, Roderick McKenzie, Horace
Westvvood, D.D.. Geo. F. Chipman, T. D. Robinson, J. W.
Dafoe, Prof. F. S. Jacobs, E. D. Martin, W. S* Archibald, W. D. Bayley. J. S. W Isvvorth, M. T. McKittrick,
A. V. Thomas, Prof. S. G. Bland, D.D., John J. Moiicrieff,
Win. Moffatt, D. E, I'eddie, W. \). Price. John W. Ward,
J. R. Murray, R. M. Mobius, A. ]���'.. Darbey, Winnipeg.
A temporary office bas been opened at -106 Chambers of
Commerce, Winnipeg, where further information desired
may be secured. The committee are anxious to hear at
once from men and women in all parts of the country who
arc in sympathy with the movement and who wish lo become members or are willing to assist by soliciting members, securing subscriptions to the funds of the League,
distributing literature, etc. The membership fee has been
placed at $1.00 for the present. Those who can afford to
give more may contribute accordingly. A large fund will
be required to do really effective work. Address Free
Trade League of Canada, 406 Chambers of Commerce.
CHARGED with stealing five cents from the Edmonton street arilway company, a man tried once, was
again remanded, owing to the illness of the prosecutor. We would strongly advise this unfortunate individual when starting on his next thieving expedition to steal
a gold mine, timber limit, or even a few million acres of
choice land and thereby get "Sir" hitched on to his name.
���Frontier Signal, Grand Prairie, Peace River,
IT  IS  ONLY'  natural  that  munition  contractors  should
be expected to shell out.
* * *
IF WINTER CONTINUES to linger much longer iu the
lap of Spring, it would be quite justifiable to use a pin.
���+ *   *
IN A'FEW HOURS the Easter lid will he on all over the
* * *
IT'S AN OFF DAY when General Villa's name does not
appear in the casualty list.
THE PROPRIETOR OF a gallon of gasoline can loolt at
the price of a box of early strawberries without blinking.
* * *
PRUNING THE CIVIC estimates is a popular pastime;
with the Cily Aldermen al present, (".rafting vvill follow
in due season.
* * *
ANY OLD RAKE can be used iu the garden of love, but
you require a hoe to plant  potatoes.
* * +
IX Till''. SPRING an old man's fancy lightly turns to the
place where he can get his lawn mower sharpened for two
* * *
'I HIS IS THE open season for the war correspondents
to forecast the terms of peace.
* * tt
THOUSANDS OF NAMES on the local voters' lists hav 6
been objected to by lhe political party workers. Perhaps
"My Lady doth protest too much."
* * *
* * +
IT IS ALL RIGHT I., consider the lilies of ihe valley,
hut the florists insist on a consideration for Easter lilies.
* * *
clerks would be popular with employers ii il carried with it
cessation of overhead expenses and relief from all business  worries.
MR. BOWSER'S BENEVOLENCE in making ii possible
for a preacher to enter the legislature is explained iu the
result nf ihe recent South Vancouver Conservative nomination held at Central Park. The Rev. Air. Boultbll is
called upon to carry lhe banner of Ihe party in South Vancouver,
WHAT IS TIIE attitude
brethren who are fighting
of the "Crisis" pamphlet':
ser   and   be   loyal   to   his
of the Rev. Mr. Botllton to his
for justice over the publication
Can Mr. Boulton support Bowk-How   ministers   of   the   Lower
Till' "OMIXECA HERALD," the tribune of the people
ol the North Country, is about to commence a series of
articles on the Land Question,
* * *
Tllh'. LITTLE "HERALD" has more grit and fearlessness to the square inch than any other paper large or smalt
published in British Columbia.
* + *
THE EDITOR OE the HERALD is particularly interested in the land question, because every day he sees people pulling up stakes in that great rich northland and heading out of the country for the prairies.
* * ���
"OUR FUTURE HOPE, the very existence of this paper-
is bound up in the.settlcment of the land," says the HERALD. True enough, the hope not only of Xew Hazleton.
but of every community in British Columbia is equally
* + *
A THOUSAND MEN have gone to Saskatchewan ta
work within the past week we are told by one of thc newspapers.
* * *
WE REMEMBER THAT the Liberals were accused of
decrying the Province when, during the bye-election, they
stated that men "were avoiding British Columbia." Some
one is decrying the Province, and he is the head of the
government which refuses to stir a hand to endeavor to
make it possible for industrious men, heads of families,,
to make a living for their families without trekking every
summer two thousand miles to the prairies.
* * *
Wli OBSERVE. THAT the Edmonton and Dunvegaiv
Railway, the P. G. E. of Alberta, has now gone to Ottawa
for a subsidy from the Federal Government. They have
been kindly treated by the Liberal government of Alberta
in the way of subsidies.
* * *
FROM Tllh'. WAY the news is running it would appear
that a young man starting out in life would do well to
take up either Government dredging, railway contracting,
or gun buying for the Governmeni.
* * *
THERE IS MORE money to bc made out of gun buying
for tbe Canadian Government than out of gun running fur
the Mexican Government.
* * *
A MOVEMENT IS on foot to get Pink McKelvie, the
light weight amateur champion of the DAILY PROVINCE", to run for mayor next year.
* * *
TO BE CONSISTENTLY successful as a jitney driver
one must cultivate thc charms of the good politician���lift
your hats to the dames and give the gentlemen lots of
courtesy. Give them all lots of courtesy. It doesn't cost
much and is as valuable in the jitney business, as gasoline.
* * +
THE HEAD PRINTER says that the only consolation
is that on the next hundredth anniversary of Shakespeare's
death it will not be necessary to set up the "copy- of
Felix Pcnne.
* * *
"THEY DO TAKE MY life if they do take the means
whereby I live," wailed the licensed brotherhood on the
Three Hundredth Anniversary of the bard.
* * *
AND, BY THE WAY', Shakespeare, if all reports be true,
was not strong for prohibition.
* * *
A PRAIRIE FARMER said the other day, "It can rain
in B. C. with fewer preliminaries than anywhere else I
have ever been in."
* * *
MR. BOWSER'S PROFOSAL regarding lands for soldiers is causing a terrible fuss in thc North Country.
* * *
SOME OF THE people of Vancouver will remember how
highly South African veterans valued their script. One
man gave up a quarter section in the best part of Burnaby
for $25.00.
/ SATURDAY, APRIL 22, ioi���
We are having a number of calls f,,r five and -even room
bouses, in different paris ,,f ihe City. We shall be glad n, have
your listings. No charge unless resulis obtained. See oui Rental
North West Trust Company, Limited
509   Richards  Street Seymour 7467
Investors seeking  safely  together  wiih  an attractive  interest
yield should investigate the merits of II. I'. Municipal  Bonds whhh
gf      return   from  6 per  cent,  to  7  1-8  per cent.    Their desirability is
shown by the demand for them.   Consult our Bond Dcpt   in person
/        j|      or by letter.
Canadian Financiers Trust  Company
If��-w1  riff:,*-.   Din  tj a.: p>. .  i*r     .    .. rtr
3eneral Manager.
Head Office:  839 Hastings Street West, Vancouver   B C
PATRICK DONNELLY, General Manager.
Although the Domini, n Trust Company has been in liquidation for a year
and a half, the unfortunate depositors
have as yej made little headway in
their fighl to be ranked as creditors.
The depositors of the Company are
not really depositors in the eyes of
tin law, as the Dominion Trust Company had been for snme months previous to suspending payment, receiving  deposits  without   charter  powers
1'ii.i ���.   ���.<
You Need Campbell's Help
To Ship Household Goods
First of all CAMPBELL can save you money, in nearly every case, I il
transportation charges. Second, where you might have trouble iu securing
space reservation, CAMPBELL as shipping specialist, has none. Third,
CAMPBELL relieves you of all lhe detail, all the worry and fuss of shipping. Fourth, the charges are so small you will he surprised. Free estimates and information.    Phone Scymolir 73(A).
Campbell Storage Company
Phone Seymour 7360
�� -���"'.
���^riWIlllUllillllllli;!!!!!!!!!':!^!!;!!!'!!]! iliilililniniJIi.li^-iilyi!!!1 :i::!li!!!i:':i!!: iil'li ILfi! iiiyeiriii'ily ���-. Hi 'IT 'i::!' ij:il; ^!!!!: 'll: :ii:.ii ;lyl'!i IMI ill/Hi: Jllli^ il1^
|   The Telephone   j
|   Will Serve |
1   You Best 1
When you don't feel like writing a letter,
don't write it���use the telephone.
By long distance telephone you will get
your answer, too, in less time than it takes to
write a letter.
Your telephone takes you anywhere.
in i ninii liiuiiuunniiiiiiiiiBiiiiiiiiiiiii ���aranm i nil iiiiiiisiiiiiiii
The Scenic Highway Across the Continent
The Popular Route to the���
Up-to-date Train Service Between Vancouver and the East.
All trains equipped with Standard and Tourist Sleepers.	
J MOE  C. P. A., 434 Hastings St., Vancouver.
C. MILLARD, D. T. A., Vancouver.
H   W. BRODIE,  Gen. Pass. Aeent, Vancouver.
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Lines
C. E. Jtnney, G. A. P. D.
Phone:  Sey. 8134
W. G. Connolly, C. P. F. A.
527 Granville Street
Mr. I'.. P. Dayis, K.C., has. however.
endeavored to have them admitted
ns creditors in the liquidation, upon
the interpretation of the contract
printed in their pass books. These effects have met with a severe jolt this
week, however, before the Court of
Appeal, where a decision was given
that thc depositors must give security
for eosis before ihey can proceed with
their lest cases in connection with
their movement I" be placed on the
list as creditors. The Provincial Government has come to their assistance
by retaining Air. Davis to fight their
cause, and unless the Government
conies to their assistance now by
guaranteeing thc costs of the liquidator in opposing the claims, it is doubtful whether or not ihey can carry on
the fight.
The depositors are said to number
about five thousand, most of whom are
unable to contribue towards the costs
in question. The amount of costs in
the contemplated action would possibly amount to $10,000, which would
naturally be assessed against the depositors should Iheir test eases fail.
The Government holds bonds for
$250,000 given by the Dominion Trusi
Company for the due performances
of trusts, but this money cannot be
distributed until the point at issue is
settled. Altogether, the chances of
thc depositors are not very encouraging.
* * *
The Province* will have an estimated deficit this year of about $4,500,-
000, and in all probability a loan to
cover this amount will be made iii due
ourse. The Province recently re-
:eived a very satisfactory figure for
its agricultural credit bonds and a fav-
rable market no doubt awaits the
coming" issue.
The complete statement of the loans
effected by Itritish Columbia since
Confederation is as below. The loans
since 1874 total $24,915,1*. Of this
amount loans to the extent of $4,191,-
980 have matured and been retired.
The loans outstanding al thc present
time amount to $21,15.1,146. The sinking fund accumulated amounts to $2,-
563,428, leaving the net debt at $18,-
Canada's war appropriation for the
coming fiscal year totals $250,000,000.
The objects for which this sum is
lo be voted are outlined as follows:
la i The defence and security of
iln The conduct "i naval or military operations ill or beyond Canada.
(el Promoting the continuance of
trade, industry and business communications, whether by means of insurance or indemnity against war risks
or otherwise.
A year ago the appropriation asked
from parliament was $100,000,000.
Canada's army is now 290,000 men
and still growing at the rate of about
1,000 a day. It has been estimated
that it costs $1,000 a year to maintain
a soldier.
* * *
One cannot wonder that Sir Wilfrid
Laurier and lhe opposition generally
are dissatisfied with a Royal Commission as a medium for the fuse investigation This dissatisfaction is
shared by many Conservatives who
think beyond mere party lines, and by
independent voters who are becoming
more numerous and heartily sick of
the pilfering and patronage business,
federal and provincial. Royal Commissions, no matter how substantial
their personnel, have in the aggregate
proved farcical. They take voluminous evidence. But by the time their
report is filed, half a dozen brand new
scandals have arrived and those under investigation by the royal commission have either died, disappeared
or been sent to a political refuge.
Sir Robert Borden should take a
much stronger stand on this fuse and
shell   business.     The   citizens  ask   for 1
lhal.     They   feel   thai    something   is
wrong.     The  government  must  clean !
house,   even   ii   lhe   loss   of   a   Cabinet
minister is involved. Otherwise, the i
country will help the government to I
clean house and in a way which may i
prove surprising to the premier and j
his supporters.���Monetary Times.
The sunshine and gentle showers of
April hue the gardener to fresh efforts, and ie, task is too arduous in
view of thc results which will accrue.
Due of the pleasantest of duties is
the selection of flowers for summer
blooming. Consideration should be
given both to those that flourish best
ill the sunshine, and those that prefer
the shade of dull corners. .Yearly all
lhe gay spring blossoms such as while
arabis, yellow alyssum, silene I pink
anil white), pailsies, aubretia, snapdragons, and dianthus respond to the
warm rays of the sun. Then there
is the bewildering array of stocks,
asters, gladioli, the double blue lobelia,
"Kathleen Mallard,'' sapphire and azure delphiniums, yellow and scarlet
gaillardia. all the linaria, marigolds,
coreopsis, and sunny eschscholtzia.
Petunias are most prolific plants, hardy, and their bloom is both brilliant
and abundant. Then there is the sun-
loving portulaea, with its pink, scarlet,
orange, and while marguerite-like
flowers, which make a charming edging.
For growing in shady corners.
choose giant ferns, Solomon's seal,
yellow musk, mimulus in crimson,
spotted and golden yellow, love-lies-
bleeding, periwinkle, and tobacco
plains. The latter have a delicious
fragrance, and are very prolific
Tea and hybrid tea-scented roses
should be pruned in early April t"
ensure safety. The Scottish briar
roses do not need pruning, excepting during the first spring after planting, and this rule applies to that
section known as the Penzance hybrid sweetbriars. Polyantha roses
need only to have the centre of the
little dwarf bushes kept open and dead
stems cut away from time to time.
All pruning should be done with a
knife or secateurs made for the purpose, and only a clean wound should
be allowed. Jagged wood and torn
bark at tbe end of the stem is productive of much harm to the bushes
thus mutilated.
Jingle Pot
Always Mined by Union
White Labor
Coast Lumber & Fuel Co., Ltd.
Phone Fair. 2500    Phone High. 226    Phone Fraser 41
Northern Securities Limited f
Established 1906
Seymour 1574   I|
We will protect you in British andl American companies at
reasonable rates. Attend lo your insurance n iw. Delays are
|   B. GEO. HANSULD Manager
'���-'^   ..../::..     1 :   ;^.y, ,;,l,!::/:y-;;. ::        :;:,. ;|   7!;'
Poultry Supplies, Hay, Grain and Feed
PHONES: Fairmont 186���878
Fraser 175 and Collingwood 153
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.
TAKE NOTICE nf the Intention of Malcolm. Summers and Fnr.i Limited to apply
to tin- Registrar of Joint Stock Companies
for the change of the name of the Company
tn   "Summers   and   Ford   Limited."
Dated  at   Vancouve
A.   I).   1016.
R. S. FORD, Secretary.
Mercantile  Building, Vancouver, B.C.
8th day of April,
" f^ANADA from her abundance can help supply the Empire's needs.
^-/ and this must bc a comforting thought for those upon whom the
heavy burden of directing the Empire's affairs has been laid. Gain or
no gain the course before the fanners of Canada is as clear as it was
last year���they must produce abundantly in order to meet the demands
that may be made and I believe this to be especially true in regard to
live stock, the world's supply of which must be particularly affected in
this vast struggle. Stress and strain may yet be in store for us all
before this tragic conflict is over, but not one of us doubts the issue,
and Canadians will do their duty in the highest sense of that great
word."���//OA'. MARTIN HVKHELL, Minister of Agriculture.
MODERN war is made by resources, by money, by foodstuffs, as
well as by men and by munitions. While war is our first business, it is the imperative duty of every man in Canada to produce all
that he can, to work doubly hard while our soldiers are in the trenches,
in order that the resources of the country may not only be conserved, but
increased, for the great struggle that lies before us. ' Work and Save'
is a good motto for War-time." --SIR THOMAS WHITE, Minister
of Finance.
WHAT IS  NEEDED?  these in particular-
wheat, OATS, HAY,
We must feed ourselves, feed our soldiers, and help feed the Allies.    The need is greater in
1916 than it was in 1915.    The difficulties are greater, the task is heavier, the
need is more urgent, the call to patriotism is louder���therefore be
thrifty and produce to the limit.
"THE   AGRICULTURAL    WAR    BOOK   FOR   1916"  is no*v  in  the  pre**.    To be had from
The Publications Branch, Department of Agriculture, Ottawa.
Prepare your light meals on an
This little table stove has a heating surface of coils within
a seven-inch circle and is designed for the use of ordinary
No waiting���turn the switch���ready for use.
Simple, economical, clean and reliable.
If you have the connection cord it only costs $4.25.
Examine this handy appliance for yourself at our showrooms where it will be demonstrated to you.
New Westminster
Phone Seymour 9086
every    report   of   a    burglary
brings   home   the   necessity   of
keeping papers, jewelry and other valuables in
A  Private  Box
in our Vault   Only
$2.50 Per Annum
Inspection  respectfully  Invited.
Classified Advertising
Phone Highland 137
Grandview Hospital
VANCOUVER     -     B.C.
Medical : Surgical : Maternity
Rates  from $15.00  per week
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, 4$
Hastings St. E., and 782 Granville
Street. Vancouver, B.  C.
wanted to clean and repair at the
factory, 438 RICHARDS STREET.
Jewelry, etc. A quiet, respectable,
reliable place to bonow money.
Old gold bought. Established 1905
Star Loan Co., 812 Hastings West.
Stove away. We handle castings and
repairs to fit any stove or range ���
FRANKS, 44 Water Street.
In order that the general public may understand
to a slight degree the position in which the owners of licensed premises will be placed, should a
prohibition referendum, without provision for
compensation, be carried at the polls, two specific cases are here given.
Mr. S.   Sutor,    Proprietor of the Empress
Hotel, Chilliwack.
Mr. Sutor purchased this hotel in 1912, paying $52,000
for the business and property. To carry through the sale
he was obliged to borrow $20,000 on first mortgage, the
money being secured from Belgium by Waghorn, Gwynn
& Co. A second mortgage for $8000 was also rendered
necessary. In the last four years Mr. Sutor has expended
over $80.00 in order to keep his hotel up to a high standard.
Should a prohibition referendum without compensation
carry, the entire life-savings of Mr. Sutor vvill be totally
lost and the security of the mortgagees seriously threatened.
Mr. Wm. Dowling, Proprietor of the Miller
Hotel, Ymir.
Mr. Dowling purchased this hotel six years ago, the place
being then a country hotel property which fully met the
public demands. Shortly after, on the demand of the
authorities, he made improvements at a cost of $1000.
The next year he was obliged to make extensive alterations, on the demand of the authorities, to make the bedrooms a few inches larger. The following year additional
demands were made which meant an expenditure of $1500.
To finance these improvements, the owner was compelled
to borrow the money. If he is now put out of business,
to use his own words, "I am ruined."
The above cases are not isolated instances as similar
stories, differing only as to detail, could be given again
and again. .    i
The reader is asked to place himself
in the position of Mr. Sutor, Mr. Dowling, or others similarly placed, and
ask himself the question as to whether
it is fair for the government to submit legislation which would put him
out of business, without making some
provision for compensation.
Pacific and Great Eastern
Rly. and Province of B.C.
British Columbia Financial TIMES Comes to Defence of
Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart, dwelling at great
length on the Need of Railways to the Province and
the " Disadvantage " labored by owners.    " Help a
poor blind man " is the argument now.
Of the many arguments which have been put up in favor of allowing
Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart free entrance to the llritish Columbia
strong room, an article appearing in a recent issue of the British Columbia
financial TIMES is probably the most interesting. In it the writer handles
tlu- case for the contractors in a masterly manner and presents material which
will be interesting to the citizens generally.
That Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart individually have gone on a
covenant to complete the road is a point which the writer in thc financial paper
claims to bc important. Ile says that in all their enterprises, Messrs. Mackenzie and Mann always drew the line at going personally behind any of their
The writer blames the war for much of Foley. Welch and Stewart's alleged financial trouble and also failure of the real estate market al Squamish,
D'arcy and other points un'the new line of Railway.
Both these misfortunes have not���though this is not pointed out���interfered with the firm of Foley", Welch and Stewart going ahead with immense
ship-building projects in the United Stales, as announced recently in the
newspapers, while the grade of the P. G. IJ. is disintegrating under the spring
rains of British Columbia.
The following is the article from the llritish Columbia Financial TIMES:
The necessity and reasonablenss of  tion   of   the   road.     If,   for   instance,
the Province of British Columbia giving aid to the  Pacific Gerat Eastern
Railway fur the completion of its line
become manifest when the present position and the future of this great
North and South transportation undertaking is fully considered.
To date the railway is completed
from Squamish, at the head of Howe
Sound, to Clinton, and this part of
the line is in operation. From Clinton to Fort George, where it taps the
Grand Trunk Pacific, only grading
has been completed. It thus begins
at tide water and ends nowhere.
According to a detailed statement
of expenditures printed elsewhere in
this issue and vouched for by officials
of the railway company, thc Pacific
Great Eastern has spent to December
31, 1915, $28,292,398, of which the Government has suppleid, through the sale
by the railway company of its Pru-
vincially guaranteed bonds, $19,385,-
120, leaving a net balance of cash supplied by the contractors of $8,907,278.
To finish building the railway from
Clinton to Fort George, thus enabling
the railway to handle transcontinental
freight, it is estimated by the Provincial Government engineers, a cash
outlay of about $6,500,000 will be required.
With about $23,000,000 of securities
outstanding, bearing 4 1-2 per cent,
interest or pledged, the Pacific Great
Eastern is paying fixed charges of
$1,000,000 per year. This interest
charge must be met although, because
of its inability to connect with Fort
George, it is unable to handle the
considerable revenue producing
freight both to and from Vancouver
through this connection with the
Grand Trunk Pacific.
Furthermore, it is the unfortunate
experience of graded lines that have
not been laid with rails and ballasted
to sustain a very heavy loss because
of depreciation through washouts and
other disintegrating effects to roadbed. The railway company estimates
that if no rails are laid on the graded
line from Clinton to Fort George this
year the loss involved will be about
$1,000,000. Thus, by way of interest
and depreciation, the company will
suffer a loss of $8,000,000 this year and
this also means the serious delay of a
year in preparedness to take advantage of the after war conditions,
which, it is confidently expected, will
initiate a tide of westward immigration from Europe of which British
Columbia will get its share.
Thc demand from some sources for
investigation of expenditures on the
railway by the Government, before
the Government should extend aid to
the company, is made without an understanding of thc facts. An investigation perhaps should be undertaken
at an early date if for no other purpose than to satisfy public opinion
as to value being received for the
work done. But this investigation can
be carried on concurrently with the
prosecution of construction. The
company invites an examination of
the work done by any responsible railway engineer who could in view of an
expenditure of only $18,000,000 arrive
at a very close estimate as to whether
value has been received from the expenditure.
But thc question of value being received is really more important to the
owners than  to  thc  Province.
Thc principle back of tbe construction of thc Pacific Grcat Eastern is
different from that of the construction of the Canadian Northern Pacific.
In thc latter case thc covenant of only
the Canadian Northern Railway is
held. Sir William Mackenzie and Sir
Donald Mann are not personally held
on that covenant. But in the case of
the Pacific Great Eastern the members of thc firm of Foley, Welch &
Stewart arc individually liable on their
personal   covenants  for   the  comple-
Foley, Welch & Stewart sold tlieir
interest to another company or firm,
they each would be liable under the
covenant for the completion of the
road, unless relieved by an act of thc
Legislature of British Columbia. The
Province ,of British Columbia certainly appears to have given itself
ample protection in this undertaking.
By lending the railway company money fur immediate construction, the
liability of Foley, Welch & Stewart is
not affected and recourse can be had
as easily six months or a year hence
as at present and can be as easily enforced. The Province is losing nothing in proceeding with construction
pending an investigation, but in fact
is saving $2,000,000, the loss of which
would bc burnc Dy the railway ur the
Government. Someone will have to
pay for this loss. If, however, in the
opinion uf the Government, the investigation should prove wasteful and
extravagant work on the part of the
contractor, the Government could
then take the same action as was open
to it if thc work had been suspended
���with this advantage, however, that
thc unnecessary loss involved in the
suspension of work would be saved.
But the crux of the matter lies in a
different     direction.
-\'r.     Patrick
Welch is the general contractor tor
the railway. He is on the covenant
with the Government along with the
other members of Foley, Welch &
Stewart, and un completion of the
railway will be one of the owners oi
it with the other members of Foley,
Welch & Stewart. An examination ol
detailed statement of expenditures
presented shows that to December
31, 1915, the contractor, or Foley,
Welch & Stewart spent nearly nine
million dollars more than received
from the proceeds of bond sales. Thus
it is evident that the railway cannot
he constructed for the amount of the
guarantee, namely $42,000 per mile.
The balance must be made up out ol
the pockets of Foley, Welch & Stewart. Is it not therefore plain that
so-called profits for construction is a
misnomer? P. Welch, as a contractor,
makes a profit on construction by subcontracting for less than the amount
of the whole contract. P. Welch, as
an owner, in reality makes a saving
ny that much so-called profit to himself and lhal of his co-partners on his
covenant with the Government, and
���educes his liabilities as an owner by
lhat much less weight of securities or
loans upon the railway company and
upon which he must pay interest.
The direct interest, therefore, of Mr.
P. Welch, as well as the interest of
the Province, is to keep the cost of
construction as low as possible. By
consulting tbe table of expenditures it
will be noted that there is an item of
Sub-contractors' Losses amounting to
$1,085,969. It would thus appear that
either some of thc sub-contractors did
not know the extent of the work they
tendered on or that P. Welch drove
too hard a bargain. At any rate, he
had to come to tlieir assistance or take
over the finishing of these various
sub-contracts. A good part of the
cost of finishing this work is represented in the above item.
If, as is shown, it is to the direct interest of Foley, Welch and Stewart
to save as much as possible, it still
may be charged that they are efficient
and therefore extravagant. The history of this firm for a quarter of a
century does not bear out this contention. Most of the money they have
made has been made in railway construction and these men have built
more mileage in the Dominion than
any other contractors. They have
been identified with the heavy construction of the Grand Trunk Pacific,
the Canadian Northern and the Canadian Pacific railways, and on none of
these contracts, or other great public
works which they have built, has it
been stated tllat they lost considerable
sums of money. Tiny certainly have
the widest experience, the greatest
knowledge of this class ,,f construction, a strong organization and tremendous equipment for economically
handling of such an undertaking.' Added to this liny are very responsible
men. They have carried through every work ihey haw ever undertaken
and they have been associated with
some of the greatesl public works in
the Dominion, The very large Can.i
dian Pacific work, lhe Rogers Pass
Tunnel, was given to this firm on llie
basis of cost ami percentage. While
ability and efficiency mighl not be
the only consideration in giving this
huge work to this firm, it seems reasonable to suppose that they were the
chief. Extravagance in construction
can never be charged against Foley,
Welch & Stewart.
In weighing the situation of the Pacific Great Eastern Railway, dm regard must be given to thc gravity of
the conditions brought about by the
war. New public works undertakings
have found it practically impossible to
surmount these conditions. The war
has had an almost paralysing effect
upon the operations uf this company.
It had invested over two million dollars in land from which in the ordinary course of business it would have
had an immediate and commensurate
return and which would have provided
a fund for financing the main undertaking. As the situation exists today, the company has not disposed of
one foot of land nor obtained the least
return upon any of the capital expended by it. Everything has been disbursement up to the present time without a dollar coming back. The limit
of the company's resources in this respect has now been reached, With several millions invested in the enterprise, the company can expect no relief in the ordinary course of business until after the termination of the
war. Government assistance in the
shape of a loan at the present time is
therefore not only necessary but completely justifiable under the circumstances, and must be forthcoming il
the work of building this N'orth and
South arterial line is not to come to
a standstill and be for thc present
The serious handicap under which
the company is laboring through war
conditions is illustrated by conditions
which preceded the outbreak of the
war. Due to the fact that a railway
always enhances the value of the land
it serves with transportation, it has
been the experience of railways in
course of construction to defray in
considerable measure the cost of construction by the proceeds of the sale
of railway lands and townsites. The
Canadian Northern Railway, through
the sale of its lauds in Montreal, defrayed the cost of its expensive tunnel
and terminals in that city. In a similar manner, thc Grand Trunk Pacific
paid for the cost of its terminals at
Prince Rupert out of the sale of tllat
townsite, and Irom the sale of its
townsites through the prairie provinces it was enabled to finance its
construction for the amount required
over the Dominion Government guarantee. Consider the extent lo which
lhe development uf the Canadian Pacific Railway has promoted from the
proceeds of its land sales. But the
Pacific Greal Eastern, on lhe contrary, has ils large outlay upon lands
for terminals and  townsite purposes
absolutely lied up. bo thai tins company has been deprived of lhe use,
not only ,,f il,,. original capital, but of
the anticipated profits upon which it
largely relied as it was entitled to do
for construction  purposes.
The Pacific Great Eastern Railway
possesses greater significance to the
future development of liirtish Columbia than that of any railway now traversing this Province. This great
North and South transportation project taps more virgin territory and
opens up larger possibilities for development than either of the two
transcontinental! recently completed;
It brings the greater portion of the
mineral area of the Province, a large
block of timber, ami most of the future agricultural area, into direct tri-
butory relations with the Lower Mainland of British Columbia which contains and will always contain the bulk
of the population of this Province.
In the future of this road the majority
of our population have a mighty stake.
Just a glance at the map of British
Columbia will make this evident to
anyone. Indeed this shows the Pacific Great Eastern as the stem of a
system of branch lines that will have
to be built in the future as tlie press
of population will crowd iu on the
areas that will have been settled a decade since by the building of this strategic and arterial main line. The significance also of Ibis line to the people
of British Columbia when extended to
the great Peace River district is patent when it is considered that the last
large great body of undeveloped agricultural laud in this Province lies in
that district, capable, it is said, of as
L'xtcusive a cultivation as any in the
Dominion, The Province of Alberta
s spending vast sums of money ilur-
ng the war to make this territory tributary to her main commercial cen-
re.-i. while the natural outlet is the
Pacific Coast of  British Columbia,
In view of what is mentioned above,
it would seem that the only way out
of the present situation is for the Government of British Columbia to make
a loan at as early a date as possible
in order that no time be lost in finishing this railway. Money may now
be obtained at a rate in the neighborhood of six per cent., whereas a sale
of the guaranteed securities of the
railway company would be effected at
so great a discount as to bc consider'
ed a sacrifice rather than a sale. In
this thc Government would undoubtedly be acting in the best interests of
the Province both for its present and
future  welfare.
Detailed Statement Showing Total Expenditure to December 31, 1915, on
Pacific Great Eastern Undertaking
Location  Engineering        $     198,293.82
Construction  Engineering         .193,974.84
Right-of-Way and Station Grounds       1,226,132.32
Grading       12,294,197.27
Tunnels          296,723.21
Bridges, Trestles and Culverts       2,639,501.28
Ties        396.765.48
Rails        1,152,294.96
Frogs and Switches          24,406.45
Track Fastenings and other Material        257,352.71
Ballast   UM6.44
Tracklaving and Surfacing        370.962.51
Fencing     '  1.767.82
Crossings and  Signs  1.537.79
Station Buildings and Fixtures   615.38
Shops, Engine Houses and Turn Tables          11,439.80
Water  Stations     2,596.74
Fuel Stations   590.66
Dock and Wharf Property  '  3,642.71
Law   Expense     3.346.25
Stationery and Printing    8.565.03
I nsurance     S55.80
Discounts on Securities issued        463,876.48
Interest, Commissions and Exchange���
Interest on   Debenture  Stock  issued    $1,519,976.12
Interest  on  Union   Bank  of  Canada   Loan....     225,766.97
Interest, P. Welch and Development Co        10,212.31
Commissions, Exchange. Etc      470,546.49
��� 2,226,501.89
Howe Sound and Northern Section           193,068.62
General Expenses, Executive, Accounting, etc        129.456.35
Expenditure on Peace River Extension          33,441.42
Foley, Welch & Stewart-
Cash and Supplies for work & Development Co. $2,417,280.52
Equipment   Furnished         426,022.26
Interest Paid on Advances       238,691.28
    3,0S 1,994.0 ���
P. Welch, Contractor��� '
Buildings, Water Tanks,.etc., not estimated ....$  150.000.00
Rails purchased but not delivered       111,514.92
Telegraph Lines  '...       50.000.00
Wagon Road for Construction Purposes      137,588.24
Rolling  Stock   for   Railway      670,160.68
Cash and Supplies for Operating Line       480,106.71
Sawmill       40.000.00
Various  Buildings;  Wharves,  Seton  Lake           25,000.00
Boats, Scows and Launch        17.250.00
Equipment   and   Horses      100.000.00
Supplies on band       100,000.00
P. Welch Advance to Development Co      794,000.00
Subcontractors'   Losses        1.085.969.38
Value   oi   Right-of-Way   through   Development
Co. lands   $  858.073.00
Interest Union Bank Loan paid by F��� W. & S.    225,766.97
Total   $28,292,398.05
Total paid in Estimates bv Minister of Finance. .$18,246,305.84
Paid, per Statement Dec. 22, to Minister of Finance    1.138.813.83
Balance  $ 8,907,278.38
> SATURDAY, APRIL 22. 1916
THE NEW PETTICOAT ,    Don't keep flour in a dan lace
With the return of the circular pet- Keep it in tins, if possible, i��� ,:���. k*,_ :
ticoat il becomes well worth while chen, Damp flour makes heavy mus
to make these garments ai home. So ty cakes and bread.
long as a killed or pleated frill was
necessary on an underskirt to make
it at all fashionable, this task seemed |
one that could "ol very readily be' EASTER EGGS
j arried out in professional style by an Easter eggs can be made good to i
hnateur. and ii was mure satisfactiry ��� cat, or in the form uf a pretty case, I
to buy these skirts ready-made. With may be filled with some nice su.'
a,good pattern and a remnant of silk prise. Thc foundation of the eggs!
bought at hte sales it is quite an easy lean be of sugar, cake mixture, or pas-
matter i" produce a very dainty skirt, try, or the ymay be jusl ordinary eggs,
in the new style, with a circular colored or painted, and served in the
flounce edged with a ruche of the silk usual way, or hard-boiled for eating
or   a   piping   of   contrasting   silk   or j cold.
Guardian Casualty and Guaranty Company
Appearing in the "iron Claw"
at  Pantages   Next  Week
* * *
Almond   Paste   Eggs.���Ingredients: ~	
,8 ozs. of SWect cooking aim n.ls. 3-4|tity of coloring to use w
lb. castor sugar,  two e
Willie    ol    one    egg,
orange-flower  water.
I yolks and
i course,
pth oi the  tint  re-
White silk is ever a  popular mat
eriai    for    fashioning    blouses,    am
there's nothing looks smarter if pro- j   /'"' mixture requires boiling, and ii j
perly  laundered  than  the  simple   silk|wi"   ""'"  '""   much  (ighter  in   shade j
shins so much  in  vrdgue today,  but lt,lan  llu' marzipan.    In  consequence
care   musl   be   taken   in   tin-   washing  '*   wi"  take  coloring belter,     li   will J
of them.    Here is a good method, and  kee'"  ;'"-v   len8th   of  time.     I'm   the I
one   that   preserves   the   lovely  gloss jalm ls   '"   *'   sma"   saucepan   with
of tlie silk.    After washing well with  lla!* :' I''"1 '-" waler anti l,r'llK <" thej
soap,   rinse   in   lukewarm   water     to boi1'     Remove   iroin   lire,   strain   oil
which has been added methylated spi  ; 'A'"',r'  and   ski"   tllc   lu,ts.   dropping
rits  in   the  proportion   of  one  small  eacl ���'��� ils '*- is cleaned,  into cold
tablespoonful  to  a  quarl   oi    water,  water, to keep them from getting dis-
Wring,   shake   well,  and   roll   up   the
blouse   in   a   clean   cloth.     Iron   in   a
short   time,   and   you'll   lie   delighted
with  the result.
colored.    Xext   mince  or  chop  them
very finely, and pound thoroughly, ad-
���   dine,   lhe   orange-flower   water.     I'm
llie  almonds,  sugar, and egg  into an
j enamel or earthenware saucepan, and
|Stir   over   a   gentle   hear   lill   reduced
| to a paste.    Cook about half an hour
slowly, and towards end of this time,
Don't put saucepans away nil  they drop  .,   ,;,,,,,   ,������   ,,u.   |]lixUl|.c.   jn|(J  .,
are thoroughly dry. I,,, ���,- vm. C1,1(1 ���,������.    pinch it wk[l
Don't allow grease  to burn on  tin��� .,,,,. fill),,,. .������, l|ml|]|l   ,,���,, ,,- it ,u,,,|s
outs.de of your frying-pan.    Wash it toget|)er in a soft ���,,,ss, ,he paste wiI|
every tune  it  ,s used. ||t. c0��)ke(|| eve���  ���< ��� ���. ��� |iu)c ml(K.,.
Don't   allow   the   dishcloth   tu   be-   (lu,  ���ivc.���  perio(1     U|u.n  rt,a,|V| lnrn
come  wet  from  day  to  day.     ll   will L��� ,,, a sligared pastry uoard| let c,���,|
become sour and musty. L  mk< .���,,, knea(1 wkh the  fingerS|
Don't   dram   vegetables   mi"     the   and break jfl-elght or ten pleceg> The
-ink.   It causes an unpleasant odor.    [Jllamjty will nlake about thjs nllmber
Don't keep the dampers open when I, nil,u.r sma��� eggs    The p;isU, ,m}.
you are not using the fire.    It burns !])t.  nl;1(it.  .my colori aIul  spccia]  co].
orings may be bought at a good confectioners.    After coloring the lumps,
mould each into egg shapes, as in pre-
I \ ious recipe.
Saffron will give a good yellow;
cochineal, red. or any shade of pink.
j Cocoa mixed with the sugar makes a
'nice rich brown. An excellent green
can lie made in the following manner:
Pick a pound of spinach, throwing
away all tllc stalks anil ribs. Put in
a saucepan with a little salt. Cover
securely and boil twelve minutes.
Strain a few times through muslin,
and it will be ready for use. or il will
keep some time iu a bottle.   The quan-
ihe coal mure quickly
Don't stand brooms in the corner
resting on their ends. Hang them up
by thc handle, or turn them upside
down.   -
Don't   throw  away  any   pieces    of
bread.    Put them aside, dry. roll and |
save for croquettes, et
Wm   RENNIE Co.,* Limited
1*38 HOMER ST.    - -    VANCOUVER
Under the auspices and patronage of the Shakespeare Tercentenary
Celebration Committee and the   University  Woman's  Club
(II. X. Shaw, 1'.. A.)
HAMLET April 25-27
ROMEO AND JULIET  ��� ���-April 28
Saturday Matinee, 25c. Evenings, 25c, 50c, 75c.
HAROLD NELSON SHAW, Stage Director ^
ie  auspices   of  the   Shakespeare   Tercentenary   Lclehr
Under   tl
Shakespearean   dances,  music,   tableaux and  recitations.
MONDAY, APRIL 24.    Prices���25c, 50c, 75c, $1.00
"I want a big chocolate egg for
Easter,"   said  Jack.    "Yes,   I   want  a
wli de   lot   of  little   cllOCOlate   chickens.
0 o," said wee I'. imic. "Did you
ever have chocolate ��� hi ' ens and eggs
when you were a liui. gi i. Grandma?"
"Xo. my dear.-." Grandma replied;
"Chocolate  wasn't so plentiful  when
1 was a little girl. But we had plenty
of colored eggs.
"I remember my mother waking us
early oil Easier Sunday morning and
telling us to hurry and get dressed
for she was sure the Easter Bunny
had brought us .some  very nice eggs.
"My little sister Maggie and I had
lo limit all over before we found them
down under the old yellow rose hush
ill the corner of the garden, How
very happy we were to be sure. We
thought nothing could be more beautiful than that nest nf brightly colored eggs. Every color in the rainbow was tliere.
"But all of the Easter fun wasn't
nearly over for when father came ill
from the ham he said: 'Vou girlies
had belter run out to the barn and
see what  you can  find.'
"We hurried out just as fast as we
could run for we knew it would bc
something pretty good, father always loved to give us surprises.
"What do you suppose we found?
A whole nest full of young chickens
all away down under an old grey, biddy hen.
"Biddy had chosen Easter Sunday
to bring her wee chickens out. They
were so soft and pretty, all in tlieir
yellow down and making such a
noise, all peeping as loud as Ihey
could, as if to say. 'We want to go
out of this old nest and see the world,
for haven't we such nice new Easter
dresses .'"
"Maggie and I were very proud of
our Easier chicks, and father said we
might raise them for ourselves, So
my dears, although WC didn't have
chocolate eggs, we had live chickens
and I am sure that was quite as good."
Loans Secured by l-'irsi Mortgages..!  338,488.76
Slocks and lion,Is           11,887.50
Collateral  Loans            7,802 I I
Real  Estate owned by Company 1,511.09
Cash   iu   Hank   and   on   Hand.." 328,636 ': I
Uncollected   Premiums   not  over   '"i
days old    536,075.18
Accrued   Interest     9,421.62
Due for Re-insurance          1,957.27
Capital  Stock    $ 300,000.00
i ommission Due on Uncollect) d Premiums     *s4.(,_'," _'_'
Reserve  ot  Jcs-.cs     203,458.94
Extra  Voluntary  Reserve foi   Losses 50,000.00
Reserve for   Re-Insurance     142.42.14'.'
Reserve for Taxes   19,134.84
Accounts  Payable    6,057.55
Surplus     232,079.99
Over $1,000,000.00
Over $1,000,000.00
PREMIUM   INCOME        -       -       -
Deposit with the Government of British Columbia
"The Guardian Casualty and Guarant> Company :*- doing ;i large business in twenty-lwu states
and is in a most excellent financial condition."
General Managers -        A.   S.    MATHEW    &    CO.'
414 Pender St. West, Vancouver,  B. C.
Possibly ii nol the greatest musical
ccess that has ever been presented
the vaudeville platform in this city
will he llie star attraction at iln- Pantages Theatre next week. "Tlie }:v:,-
ior Review of 1915" have a capable
h le of twenty artists who are past
masters in the art of fun-making.
The beauty chorus have, good voices
ai . show il.e great training they
have received lo make the act one
oi ihe top-notchers.
Howard, a Scotch ventriloquist, has
a good line of jokes and a shit, "The
Dentist Shop." Clayton and Lennie,
ih-- Happy Chappie and ihe English
Johnnie, make quite a hii. N'aomi,
the dancing violinist, will be well remembered for iier many charming
dances and music. Claire and At-
wood. pair of comiqiies, in a laughable turn, "Bump the Bumps."
Watch  for  the  second  episode  i
the  "Iron  Claw."
Horn P. Mr. and Mrs. George M.
Murray. .155 19th Ave. West. April
19th, a son.
The Shakespeare plays which will be given at tire Empress theatre during
th eweek, April 24-29, will, to a large extent, illustrate the evolution of thc
drama. On the Monday night there will he a Shakespearean masque consisting of dances, songs, recitals and tableaux which will show how Shakespeare and lien Johnson lifted dramatic entertainment from tlie coa..*e dramatic sketches which followed upon the morality and miracle plays given by the
church. And yet such actors as Richard Tarleton and others of his period
had keen humor and much ability. The masque will be played by a number
of the most talented artistes in tbe city and on tbe succeeding nights given
in true Shakespearean style on a stage modelled on the lines "l" lhe old Harvard stage will bc presented Hamlet. Romeo and Juliet. The Merchant of
Venice, and Julius Caesar.    These plays will -be an education,
Those Who Run May Read
The Dominion Glazed Cement Pipe Co.'s machine-made Sewer
Pipe, put under test bv The Robt. W. Hunt Co   Ltd   a pipe, 10
inches internal diameter, being subjected to two days drying in an    ^
oven, then immersed in water for 24 hours.   Result��� H
Weight before immersion 105J4 pounds
Weight after immersion 106     PO""ds
Difference equals #-pound of water, or .48 of 1 per cent.
CRUSHING TEST .       ��
On the same pipe after being subjected to the above-crushed    jj
at 29,200 pounds. , __     |j
Office: Dominion Building. Vancouver, B.C. Phone Sey. 8286
Harold Nelson, Shakespearean Player
Easter Attractions at the Big Store
Special Showing of Nothing Quite So Nice   for   Easter
Easter Accessories 75c      Wear as thes\T"bn Silk Waists at
Ladies' Crepe de Chine Ties ���They are the very acme of beauty and style,
���with pointed ends, in plain shades, together so   fashioned   thai   they   fii   perfectly.   .The
with  shaded,  check and  ilonil designs,  very . . '.
special, values, each  75c front and back are made nf wide striped tub
Veilings of the Better Kind ^ilk' ancl the co"ar' cuffs and sleeves 'm' '"'
���pure    silk   quality,  in   the    new    season's white habutai.     I Ivy wash beautifully.     Ihe
shades.   W< have given .1 whole section over stripes are in black, pink and -k\.     A��� r\t\
to the display of these���just inside the Sey- v     n ,      -it. A/  III)
mour street entrance    Colors incluft? cham- Excellent  value indeed at        . ...��pi.UU
pagne,   grey,  Joffre  blue,   cerise  and   while. Second Floor,
etc., to sell at pei   yard 75c
New Belts for Easter Dainty Little Infants Bonr>ets for
���in the season's laie-i  styles, made    1  fine Easter
quality suede with sell colored buckle, also in , , ....
a  number of black  and  white effects, ~'lk'  lates'   l""l!l"'   "'""i   fashions  source  al
Beautiful New Neckwear at 75c **DC   �� $Z.Zo
���never were the styles so bewitching���the Shown 111 shadow and gnipun   lace, trimmed
assortment includes collar and cufl sets, lace ,   ,.        ��   '
���'"liars, etc., see them on tables in the neck- '""'' rosettes ol -ilk ribbon and edginj* ol lace,
wear aisle, each       75c Silk lined.
New Easter Handkerchiefs 75c OTHERS arc made of silk poplin and China
���of lace, madeira, and Irish embroidered with silk, in  Dutch  style, with  niceh   embroidered
linen centre, for Easter uiiis m the handker- - ,   - .     ..        ,    ., ,'
chief section at, cub   75c "'""* mlc' tanc) braid and ribbon trimmings.
New Voile Flouncings STILL OTHERS are of fine lawn, with tucks
���remarkable values rushed through from St. '"' a-lover embroidered and finished with hows
Gall   ior   Easter   selling���fifteen   designs   t" ot ribbon and                    . ^            A
choose from, in a 45-inch width.   Special, per ,. .-������.   ,.-,.,.,                  4-ftr   to  \y  7S
yard     98c et'g1n8  Of   'ace    *T*Jv. <j>��i.Ai��J
Ask to See Them. ���Main  floor. Xew Store ���Second Flour.
The  Millinery   Salon  Announce   New  Arrivals  in
Millinery for Easter Wear
���Our large second flom* millinery department���equipped with every device for
making millinery buying a pleasure���stands ready to serve your every Spring
and Easter millinery want.
Our stocks are complete in every respect, but the centre of attraction is the trimmed hat section. Here are hundreds and hundreds
of new and striking hats, which daily are attracting the favorable
comment of discriminating shoppers both as regards style and price
Because of our unequalled buying organization, we are able to  offer hats of
unusually pleasing style at very moderate pricings.      We feature street and
dress hats of the finest braids and straws, to- tfrr AA     d��7 rn TO d��| o  r A
gether with the popular sports hats at from ��)-�����>."U,   ��p/. jU <plZ.5U
Let us show you? ���Second Floor, Granville Street
Btttto Budsonsflay ffompanu ^
---~���' -  ���"""*'"" "*70        HEMEOTE.tUMIKE SWABCOHNISSINieit /
*-Top Class -Bottom Prices
$15 - $18 - $20 - $25 - $30 - $35
What's YOUR3$r-at each price they're GOOD���for
that price���good as can  be found���perhaps -better
^^^   . . -,r: ��� ,
than a lot you've looked at."
Two Money - Back Stores
- Full of Spring- Wearables -for Men
33  and 47  HASTINGS  EAST
"Never touched by human, hands"  ,
20c pint
We have made arrangements for a
big supply of CREAM for- our customers during the summer months.
This is good, thick,' wholesome
CREAM for dessert and other table
uses. We arc going to sell our cream'
at 'a price that will place it in the
homes of all our customers. Up-till
now good cream has sold at 30c. a
pint. Commencing tomorrow out-
prices will be:
201 a pint
10c half-pint
St quarter-pint
Delivered daily as required with
SOU-VAX MILK iu sterilized bottles
--clean, rich and, fresh.' ,     .     -
Phone Fair. 2624 and order a bottle
of this superior product.
Phone Seymour 3406
The Junior
Review of 1915
Presented by
Twenty Capable Artists
Three times daily, 2.45f7.15, 9.15
Matinee, 15c; Night, ISc & 25c
Milk Co.
Twenty-ninth "and Fraser
The following extract from a Wool'
w'icl,, London, paper has reached
Vancouver: "Many Will regret to hear
of the serious, illness of Mrs. J. F.
Hursill, mother of Mr. Philip Bursill
of the Woolwich Library. Mrs. Bursill accompanied her husband to Canada a few years ago. Owing to bad
health she returned to London for
a' time, but the ;\var: has. prevented
her return to Vancouver. Mrs. Hursill has worked hard -nursing the returned soldiers, to whom she much
'endeared herself, and.over work* and
the sorrow of thc war completely
broke her "down. A paralytic stroke.
leaves little hope of her recovery.
Many in Vancouver will hear this
news with regret, and we extend our
sympathy to Mr. J. Francis Bursill
over the sorrow tliis'ijicws will cause
ingtons, Hliiek Minoreas, $1 per netting. .1. Proud, Ml Twenty-eighth
avenue   east.     Plume Fair. 635L.
Rattles; eggi tS per setting . w.
fltonchonse, licensed judge 110 Duf-
iVrin  street   west.
Orpingtons, 12.00  per setting.  . Bnr-
red Rocks,  White Wyandottes,  \V,liiie
LOghornB, +1 .ou   nty. IS.     Stork '.t',u
snlo. -    Ineubatpf;    "Airedale"   pup.
Oruwtliflr,   1173|   Twenty-fourth ,.n ve
mie cast, Vancouver.
��� * ,. ��
I Ml I * I ,T It V M B N ��� MEET . X O �� R
friends at Harry Stevens,dVhGraii-
ville' street'.
Bantams, Black, Buff, White Cochin
and Golden Seabrlght Bantam*.
Stoek for sale. 86 1.1th Ave., east.
.1.  (I.   I'.'Ole.
"Pittsburg     Perfeet"    El  : ally
Welded Fencing. Write us 1 ,,- catalogue and prices. A. I. Johnson u
<'".,  s 11  Carol,ie St.. Vancouver.
cheap, 1138 Twenty-second avenue
east.    Phone Fairmont 2574 L.
various breeds, 856  Homer street
t.   -i
Cyphers strain, S. C. White Leghorns, splendid layers; utility stoek,
$1.1)6 per setting.' 056 Twenty-fifth
avenue   east.    Phone .Fair.  141\".
Harold   Nelson  Shaw,
Mr. Shaw, who is known thtphgh-
out Canada as "Harold Nelson,' is
one of*^ Vancouver's leading- drapiatic
artists." Mr. Shaw is presenting all
next week at the Empress Theatre the
plays of Shakespeare, which w'B), have
as an introduction Monday, ev.ehjng a
! Shakespearean -Masque, a pot-pourri
of songs, choruses and dances all associated .with the works of Shakespeare, which should delight citizens of
all classes and artistic Jjkings. Mr.
Shaw is the only CanaaN^A-born interpreter of Shakespeare's works and
in presenting Shakespeare repertoire
in this city to mark the ThreeiHun-
dredth' irChiiiversdf^-bf tlie'"bit**9* of
thc great bard, he has in mind chiefly
the great educational value to ilip
j'otlngcr generation of .Vancouver,' <jf
the production of such a programme,
Mr. Shaw has supporting him a com,:
pany of artists all of whom are Vancouver residents, and the Eniprggs
during next week should be filled
cry night that fitting encouragem
should be given public-spirited, ar
���tic ladies and gentlemen.
defc���.We specialise in chicken feed,
egg producer and disinfectants. Get
our prices.    Phone Sey.  3563.
 ; ;���_j*    ' ' 1
horns, $1.50. per setti'iift;..,fertility
guaranteed. White Leghorn e%|��,
pen No. 2, 75c. Forsythe & Sparks,'
Selkirk ; street, between 64-85,;
Eburne.    Take Oak St. car.
' ported from England; jtrize winners;
46 White Leghorns, all pullets, two
cockorels; 286 egg stwitr guaranteed. Eggs for hatching. Orpii
tons, $2.00 per setting; Leghorn
$1.75 per setting. B; Kelly, ��Wl
Chesterfield avenue, Nu'rth Van
ver 690.    ���
barn' building or barn equipment see
Louden's   goods  at   43   Fender  west,
heavy horses of all kinds for sale
cheap, Harness and wagons, bu,
gies at reasonable prices. W,
sun tons oe ALBERTA  HAY FOR
sale  in  ear or ton  lots.    See mo helm yin g.
!l)0 Main
Western    Feed   Store,
and heavy horses, single ami double
harness of all kinds. Horse or cow
f I,  4iic per  sack.    Good   hay,  $10
' per    ton.     E.   Atkinson,    325,    rear,
.'.  Hastings   street   east.
tehtt  =
This week we have, placed in stock a number of. lines of Voung Wen's Suits which are the best
values we have shown this season.   We start our p'ree range at $15.00, $18.00, $20.00,
$22.50, $25.00 ait'l'tip: -   ^j ...,-.,      I
1 iariiieiits have nr, superior iu Canada
Regular and Natural.   ....'*
fit the Short, the "Tall, Lean or Stout,    Also
'' ���-' <  ''=       i r-iTK     -',".*: ."*. ;
Prices from $20.00 to $35.00
Sonic 'high-class makers are represented, such as Christy, Borsaliub, Stetson and Jfnlory.
The 'shapes arc upTo-date and the shades are  J'earl, Slate, Green, fawn and Blue.'    "
Prices from $2.50 to $5.00
-\   '   * EASTER   SHIRTS   AND   NECKWEAR   	
Wc'are now showing the very latest designs in Negligee Shirts, some with soft collars and
cuffs, offers with starched cuffs.   Prices from $1.25 up. , ..  - ���
r * Cluck's, new Collar, Ashby, is no\y in stock. . 2 for 25c. . ��j
'    ' Neckw'ear' in all the new shades, Romas Stripes, plain shades in Irish Poplins, also Wash Tics.
" .- '
holeproof' hosiery
in all the Summer, Shades are here."  Prices range from 25$; per pair up.   A guarantee goes with
every box. ��� '.      .;. y.
Wc have just-placed in,stock a large consignment of Boys' Suits and Hats' for the Easter
trade. We have catered 'for-llie boys' trade longer than any other' firm in the West, having just
entered on our 27th year-.. >;Bring the boys along and have .them stylishly and comfortably.clothed.
Next week is Shakespeare Week
and Vancouver is going to-'distinguish herself among Canadian cities
by fittingly celebrating" the Three
Hundredth Anniversary of the great
poet and dramatist.
Mr. Harold Nelson Shaw, a local
artist who stands with peers as an
interpreter of Shakespeare, is presenting a week of Shakespeare plays'at
the Empress Thea'tre, beginning Monday. He has just- announced the pro-
gramme for the masque, Monday evening.
Some of the artists who will take
part in the Masque are: Miss Janie
Wttersall, Miss Mollj^Lee, Mrs:'j.
McNeill, Miss Ethel fieswiek, Mr.
and Mrs. Chambers, Mile. Blanche
Nadou, Mr. Nelson, Stella Eraser,.
Madame Belates-Bafbes, Mrs. Harold
Douglas, Mr. Ding-man.
Among the pupils of Mme. Bclates
Barbcs will appear the following in
artistic dances: Miss Josephine Mangold, Miss Amy Kirkpatrick, Master
R. Stewart and Misses '-Mangold aiy\
Jardine, Miss A. Smith," Miss Jean
Adams, Miss Adelaide Smith, Master
Jack Macatilay, Miss M. .Macaulay,, R.
Thompson, J. Adams. E. Macintspli,
G. Anderson, L. Faucett aiiclip."
Among. Miss Mollie Lee's pupils
will appear the following in Shakespearean dances: Constance Deflin,
Mu.-riret Fewster, Winnifred Turiiiir,
Marian Smith, Donald Smith, Swarls
Avery, Gwendoline Smith, Stuart Sou-
Tliere will be a bay minuet in which
Jean Grieve and Jessie Fewstcr will
appear. Other dancers will bc Dorothy and Phyllis Eewster, Louise Avery, Eileen llaker, Ruth Baker, Winnifred Turner, Marian Sinilh and Mar
garet Eewster.
The a.llegorical dance.. "The Studies'
and Triiunps of Genius" will lie given i
by pupils of King Edward Might
School���Miss Grace Robertson, leader, and thc following assistants, Eva
Martin, Florence Turner, Grace Nicholson, I.ydia Coates, Vera Dennison,
Marjory Elder, Alcc.n Qladwin, Joy
Evans, Violet Copglaiid.
Mr. Harold Nelson Shaw has gone
deeply into the question of musical
features for -the Masque and has presented a programme of Shakespearean
music the like of which has never before been presented anywhere" in the
Dominion of Canada. There are songs
from all thc great plays of Shakespeare, and these Mr. Shaw has arranged in a manner which reflects
creditably upon him.
Mr. Shaw will arrange the allegorical dance, the "Studies and. Triumphs
of Genius," and the tableaux, "Seven
Ages of Man" from "As You Like It."
mouth and" Leghorn ^ross, White
Orpington and Leghorn," 75c per setting.'. 212 Twentythird fcest, N. Van-
Golden Wyandottes and'Liglit Brah-
mns, $1.00 per setting; flark Cornish
Game, $8.00 per setting.- Mrs. Ling,
2325 Quebec street, {"hone Fair.
. strain, $2.00 per setting; prize winners. Regal .'strain White Wyandottes, eggs, $1.50 per .setting. J.
M. Whyte, Lynn Valliay. Phono
tra's strain, 10(1 egg strain, hatching
eggs, $1.50 per sotting,; Honlden,
Lvnn Valley.    Phone 530H1.
f'FT AND POT FLOWERS���opposite Cemetery, Bodwell road. Saturdays and Sundays. Miss. Leigh Spen-
ier. I'll one your orders. Fairmont
and garden necessities from Brown
Bros., 48 Hastings street east.
Buckley Valley
Hill ACRES, 8. E. 1-4 See. 5, Ts. 7, Al
bargain.    Terms.    Box Al Globo.
Beattie Street
property) between Robson and Geor
gia; terms reasonable. Box A2 Globe
Seymour Street
block;  25 ft. improved; make offer.
Box A3 Globe.
bungalow; beautifully laid out gar
den; modern. Honlden, Lynn Val
ley.    Phone 530R1.
Price' & Dorrall
poultry, pigeons,:pet stock, eggs fori
hatching, baby.-chicks, new laid eggs.
City Market, Vancouver, Phone Fair, j
' 1472. ., [
^..,   Beaconsfield Poultry Farm
following breeds bred fori eggs nnd
standard requirements���White Leghorns, White Wyandottes, White Orpingtons, Buff Orpingtons, Black
Minoreas, Pekin nnd Runner ducks,
-$1,50 per-15; $10-per 100./J. Price,
Bonconsfiold, B, C.
Wash., IT. S. A., in lnrge or small
tracts. For sale cheap. Address P.
O. Box 1244.
acre  on   Tram. line.    Price,   $l,20o,
C,  Gray,  430 Robson St.
or  rooming  house;    centra
location; furnished; must be up-t
date. Thrall-Australian Rooms, 77
Sevmour street.
Bluo Andalusians, Piutridde Wvnn-
dottcnj���Rhode Island Redl, $1.50.
Stanley Dorrell, 1771 Vanne|s street,
Cednr Cottage.
tors andbrondcrs. Send for catalogue .arid prices. O'Lonne, Kiely
& Co., Ltd., 37-4.1 Alexander street,
Vancouver.   Phone Soy. 2811.
nerdllck eggs from prize birds; $1
per do.lcn. S. Ransom, Fern road,
.Inbiloo.station, B. C.
I CANADIAN.    l'KOMrct;    CO.,   VAN-
convert��� Highest   juices   paid   for   lo-
(     cal   now laid eggs.
urn Hit.el), 1152 Senton street. Nic
comfortable rooms; steiim heated
brenkfnst if required; terms ver
moderate.    Phone Sey. 88820.
modern, seven rooms, 1,841 Stephen
street) cost $5,80ii; no reasonabl
offer refused.    Q, B��� this office.
315   HASTINGS   STREET   WEST Telephone  Seymour.702
chicks--Uarri-.l hock., Rliorle Island
Reds, Black . MinnrciiH, White i,cj-
lionis; utility and exhibition. $30
I'lllTeriii   Hlicet   otist.
ters, cockerels,, pullets, rabbits, .pigeons. I Pioneer. .Poultry. -Market,
220.8 Gran.ville. ' Fair. 1008.
I'lo,ue Sey, 260B, Win, Watt, Prop.
plots seeded. 5050 Fraser tsreel
l.'houe Frnser 17.",I,I.
booking orders now���Baby chicks,
hntching *V"KS, Barron "strain'. Leghorns; Barred Rocks. Black .Minorca's, Peking ducks; highest; Class titil-
ity: ,stocK. .'Corner Kingsway ,and I LONDON
Victoria, South  Vancouver.
worth & Stuart, taken over by Be
tnim Marble and Granite Works n
a fraction of ils cost. Stock wi
uo at snap prices while it lasi
Cor, Fraser and Thirty-fourth nv
mic. 'Fairmont 1)11 or Higlilnny
13P1L. 8
leftover suits for sale at prices froi
$4 and up.   325 Columbia avenue.
Tips for Spring Gardeners
'-.; -.:.-
Be sure to put in plenty of cabbage. Remember the - old saying:
"Two heads are better than one."
Radishes are morjp "easily raised
than either moustaches or money.
By all means have a melon patch.
Many mothers have successfully raised their babies on melons.
Many policemen plant beets and
sleep on-them. A soft seed bed is
the  most-/comfortable.'
From    pure    breed    Black   Minorca
,   chickens;    $1.25  per   setting;    from
! prize stock; inspection invited. Ed
MbrrW, .1382   Howe   street;     Phone
'   Sey. 4536.
of old Loudon crumpets; muffins ami
crumpets fresh daily. 510 Smyt1
street. ,    y.
Comb^ Whitfi "and Brown Leghorns,
$1 per 'setting. ,:Blac.k Orpington, $2
per setting. F. Newton, 1013 Davie
street.    Pbouo'Sey. 3700.
ing; good location.    1637 William St.
family; reasonable; good home. 1537
William street.
hatching, $1.25 per setting;' laying
strait*!. 863 Fifty-third avenue,east.
South  Baneouver.. A.  Anthony.
���" izirig  instruments.   C.iponizing  done
by   appointment;      W.   C.    Jenkins.
570 64th Ave. efist. 	
three dnys a week. Mrs. MeFar-
Inne,  2036  Triumph street.
dalusians.    Eggs for hntching from  FOR    SALE'    OR    RENT
prize -winning stock    $1.50   per sot-      tcrms   go acre      Langley
ting   and   up.     T.   Somerville,   2125
Princess S.t.,1 off. Earls Road, Britcoln
1    P. .0.
cleared;    possession    immediately.
366 Nineteenth  Ave. West.


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