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The Saturday Chinook Mar 25, 1916

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Vol. IV. No. 47���Established 1911
Price Five Cents
"The truth at all llmea firmly ataada
Ana* ahall from m%t to age enflure."
British Co
A   GREAT French dramatist sketched the surprise of
a man who found "he had all his life being talking
prose without knowing it."
Yes!   He was surprised at THIS simple faet.   How different from the average British Columbian who, although
poor for money, dunned for big debts, tortured for small
ones, finds  that he has been robbed, swindled, exploited,
without  apparently,  any  surprise.    And  he  continues  to
. be   robbed,   swindled,   exploited,   oppressed,   without   bis
equanimity being disturbed!
Aild why express surprise at this? W'e are getting used
tn it, we are as if to the manner burn. It is becoming
chronic, and we shall adapt ourselves to our environments
just as the duck has become web-footed to adapt it to
water or certain reptiles have taken tlie color Of the ground
they burrow in.
���"I must be pigcon-livered and lack gall to make oppression' bitter," says Hamlet, with self-reproach that lie has
not "done something" to punish his "lecherous, treacherous, kindless damned" rascal of an uncle. Is not thc average British Columbian also "pigcon-livered?" Does he not
lack manly courage, if he can without his equanimity being disturbed, bear bow alien enemies have got hold of
millions of acres of llritish Columbia's timber lands, hundreds of thousands of acres of fertile agricultural land, how
parasites, "bums," foreigners and paunch-bellied ex-bartenders have scattered the taxpayers' hard-earned money
with both bands. While he, the poor, meek, suffering
taxpayer is paying with bloody sweat for a thirty-foot lot,
for a lumber bill, bearing interest, for a hardware bill, bearing interest -?
Lucky is he if he is able with bloody sweat to earn the
money, more than likely lie is looking, with hungry belly,
ior a job! How sweet to read that $50 was handed as
"consolation" to a Siwash because the dinner the Siwash
had just enjoyed at the Prime Minister's house was "not
<]iiite satisfactory!" How different were the Nanaimo
miners treated when the conditions under which they
���worked were "not satisfactory," when their lives were imperilled? Was any "consolation" offered to them, on the
contrary, "wc will starve them into submission," said the
man, whose duty it was to protect them. How it reminds
one of the tyrant of old, out hunting, wlm met a little
"What have you got there?"
"A dead man, sire."
"What killed him?"
"Starvation, sire."
"Ride on���and blow the horn."
British Columbians have been starving for the land which
German alien enemies have been holding to the tune of
millions of acres!
True economists are aroused to the needs of conserving to the people facilities which will allow real farmers
access to the land and prevent a monopoly in ils holding.
"The fundamental wrong lies in our system which encourages thc monopolization of the land upon which we all
Must live and from which comes all thc wealth which is
necessary to sustain human life.
"So long as vast areas of land in this country are held
out of use by speculators we shall be confronted by the
problems of poverty and unemployment. 'J'he object ol
; ��� speculators in holding this laud is lu reap where they
have not sown. They know thai every increase in popttla-
fW and that the expenditure of public money in public
improvements will add to the value of tlieir land, therefore,*' they forestall the bona fide settler and demand a
'large slice of unearned increment before they will make
'way for the wealth producers:
"' . "I.f the .government'would have an honest land policy it
would.do the greatest thing toward solving the problem
of .poverty."
The present condition of. affairs, thc revelations about
German speculators owniugs and "Songhees" Matson's
dealings are enough to.make the very stones on-the land
cry out in indignation.
URELY the IbMi.  Vi. .1. Bowser, Prime Minister of
oliimbia. hung his head in shame when one
of his followers arose in the House last week and in a
drunken maudlin attacked thc churchmen of the province
anel used lewd and blasphemous language.
Mr. Bowser is personally free from the drink habit and
his private life offers a model which any young man might
follow and make lew mistakes. Though this is true, in public life lit docs, not hesitate to associate with toughs and
rogues and share in their crimes and their swags, lie has
behind him within lhe sacred portals of parliament a number ol bad characters���men who would never bc allowed to
get over thc doorstep of the Bowser home.
VANCOUVER   recently  sent a  contingent  of  young
men to Kingston, Ontario, where they have joined
University Battery,
n   eastern   paper,   while   the   men   were
1  Toronto,  they received  the  following
tJ/p    the Queen
According to
changing trains
"Imperial  Palace,  Berlin, by Marconi.���'For Cods sake
stay neutral.'���(Signed) Wilhelm."
Some of the young men in the contingent���and they
arc the sons of some of Vancouver's best families���arc as
follows: F. R. Baxter, F. G. K. Brown, A. W. Ball, R
Drost, A. A. Easson, J. Greer, A. G. Hiker, W. R, .McAfee,
D. McGeer, II. A. Millmrn. J. Pitcairn, II. II. Rankin, C
II. Shimmen, G. E. Thompson, J. G. Wilson, A. S. Duncan, A. N. Murray, W. II. Mclnnes, all of Vancouver, and I proof of this effort. But unfortunately they have been
J. Dick, C. A. Wright, D. Hamilton and W. S. Elliott, Re- completely bamboozled by Mr. Bowser, and it is perfectly
gina.   They are all anxious to share in the parade up Main | clear lhat he believes he can cut their support from any
own shoulders. The Liberals had already answered the
demand of tlie prohibitionists by accepting the principle
of a referendum at the general election which, if favorable to prohibition, would be drafted into legislation at
the next session of the legislature if the Liberals were
returned to power. Mr. Bowser thought he could do better than the Liberals because not only could he promise
legislation but he could actually draft a bill and pass it at
the present session, thus giving the prohibitionists immediate satisfaction and a battle cry at the coming election. He hoped that by so doing he would obtain the solid
support of the prohibitionists at the election, as they would
not care to chance voting Liberal when by so doing they
might risk the safety of the child they had nurtured so
carefully, He considered it probable that Messrs. Brewster and Macdonald, if they as the Liberal representatives
supported his prohibition bill, would lose the vote of the
opponents of prohibition, and if they did not support it
would be east off by the prohibitionists. He did not like
the plunge into the cold waters of prohibition without
even the protection of compensation, but he preferred that
to standing naked on the brink shivering in the chilling
breeze of adversity. The electorate had stripped him of
his pretensions; he thought that he might at least cover
his shame with water.
The Political Football
Thus the whole question of prohibition has been flung
into the mud of party politics by the trickery of Mr. Bowser. The prohibitionists are not to blame. They perfectly
honestly desired a straight issue clear of politics and their
original request that the referendum should he taken at
some other time than a general election was a convincing
which deprives her of a second new spring hat. On the
contrary she takes the hat and the stinginess as a matter
of course. .Not all women are entirely good any more
than all liquor is entirely bad. But would the most rabid
moral reformer attempt to do away with a dry goods emporium because some man of his acquaintance had fallen
a victim to the charms of a woman and had spent all his
money over the counter of thc said emporium in order to
deck the fair form of his fancy?
Hypocrisy and Sincerity
Gambling in real estate is an evil. Yet how many people
iu Vancouver could raise their hands to heaven and say
they never gambled in real estate, but only made legitimate investments. Presumably if because their weak
brethren had gambled, the government determined to con-
I fiseate all real estate, they would desire some compensation for their investments. Or there is the other form of
gambling by playing cards. Thousands of people play
cards and do not gamble, but there are some who are inveterate gamblers. Supposing the government were to
pass a law prohibiting all card playing and confiscating
all cards, It is all very well to argue that gambling does
not have the same effect as drinking, but a great many
lives have been wrecked by gambling iu real estate, or
stoeks, and some of the men who have encouraged that
form of gambling are leading reform movements such as
prohibition. A great many people who are very excellent
citizens strongly object to such persons, who are far greater criminals than any man who keeps a saloon, determining
the moral standards of a community. The curious thing
is that hypocrites of this kind are able to impose themselves on such reform movements, and their co-operati"n is
apparently welcomed by men Whose sole desire is to
do good to the community.
Street, Berlin.
THE NEWS-ADVERTISER published Wednesday an
apology to Rev. A. li. Cooke, at the request of Mr. Cooke's
legal adviser, for having slandered him in connection with
the crisis squabble.
* * *
FOR GOD'S SAKE don't leave the party." According lo
the words of Mr. Pat Maitland, used ill an exhortation to
the young Conservatives some days ago. Not very nice
language for a preacher's son.
* * *
MR. NELSON, editor of the WORLD, has been busy
fixing up a cabinet for Mr. Brewster. What Mr. Brewster
needs more than a cabinet at the present time is the assistance of a vigilance committee.
* * *
to have Moses B. Cotsworth's opinion of Mr. J. W. Weart.
Mr.  Moses  B.  Cotsworth's  opinion  of the  editor  of the
News-Ad. would be of more interest.
* * *
FURTHER INJURIES have been heaped upon that
partner of Premier Bowser who ran for councillor in West
Vancouver and did not get a single vote. It now seems
that the Bowser candidate's opponent saw fit to enter a
slander action against him for $5,000. The much defeated
candidate settled out of court.
WEST   VANCOUVER   snow-under   was
PROHIBITION by Politics;
The Morals of Cowardice
11 EN the premier, the Hi
W   attei
REVELATIONS in connection with thc purchase of
���the Songhees Indian reservation by J. S. H. Mat-
son, acting for the Provincial Government, have
.!? vicked the community.
In his efforts to beguile the Indian chiefs, Matson even
went so far as to entertain them at the home of Sir Richard McBride. In the McBride family dining-room the
chiefs were dined.
The evidence of the missionaries whose lives have been
spent in work among the Indians of this coast is to the
effect that in corrupting the Songhees tribe, "fire water"
was used freely. Matson financed an orgy which brought
about the death of several members of the tribe.
Matson claimed in his evidence that of thc huge sum
used in putting the deal over, thirty thousand dollars passed into the treasury of the NEWS-ADVERTISER. From
that paper Matson claimed he had borrowed such a sum
to finance the deal and was merely paying it back.
Possibly thc committee investigating the notorious piece
of skullduggery might find a trace of Ihc mysterious thirty
thousand if they were allowed to trace up all contributions to the machine campaign funds.
Liberal candidate if only he can get Messrs. Brewster or
Macdonald to criticise his bill. If they accept his bill without a murmur he is no worse off than before, because if
the anti-prohibitionists perceive that both parties are
committed to the same bill, they are more likely to vole
on a party basis. What is known as the liquor interest
is more likely in that case to support the premier as it
will have no hope whatever from the Liberals and has
some experience in the past of the maimer in which the
so-called superb Bowser act is administered. Moreover
there is a general sentiment that all reformers are Liberals
and that therefore prohibition is a liberal policy. As a
matter of fact it is nothing of the kind. Strictly speaking
it is supposed to interfere with the liberty of the subject,
which is a fetish of Liberalism, The pity of it all is that
instead of a clear cut issue, entirely free from party polities, an endeavor is being made to cover the sins of the
past with a mantle of morality drawn from the cupboard
of prohibition.
Prohibition and the Alternative
But aside from the political field prohibition offers an
extremely interesting study in character. To the man
who thinks for himself and votes accordingly, it presents
no great difficulty. If he believes that the elimination of
alcohol as a liquid for human consumption is a good thing
for the majority, and he is certain to believe that if he
himself ���does not care to drink any fermented liquor, then
he will vote for prohibition. Even if lie himself likes a
little stimulating liquid now and again, lie is quite willing
to deprive himself of that stimulant if by so doing he tan
rid his community of the saloon as "run" under the Bowser
act. Generally speaking his vote for prohibition is a
vote against the saloon, not against beer or wine. If lhe
premier had shown the slightest sign of statesmanship
he would have anticipated the wave of prohibition and j
now, instead of floundering in lhe breakers, would be navigating the clear waters of a new act founded on the experience of other countries, which would have abolished
the bar and substituted properly run cafes where people
could drink what they pleased under proper conditions.
The prohibitionists might not have liked il but properly
advocated and properly, drawn up, such an at would have
had the support of all those who do not rush lo extremes,
and who do not believe that legislation will force sobriety
nn. a community. The experience of other countries gi'es
plenty of groundwork on which to base a proper reform
lich as carried
n. VV. .1. Bowser, called the
ntion-of the electors of Vancouver to the many
virtues of Mr. Tisdall, his Minister of Public
Works, anil the various benefits they had received through
the magnanimity of the Provincial Conservative party,
he made particular reference l" the Municipal Liquor Act,
which he said "would bc known as the Bowser Act. -lie
was evidently very proud of that act and he promised, to
bring down ..some amendments at .the preseui  legislativei ��' tbe liquor traffic in llritish Columfei
session, which.would improve and make,it super-excellent. ���on under present circumstances is hardly above the level
Publicity or Secrecy
The foregoing are legitimate examples of thc absurd
extremes to which a certain line of reasoning may be carried. The theatre used to be considered thc gate to hell
by some people, and no doubt,given bad conditions and a
succession of scandals there might be quite a movement
started to shut up all places of amusement. But the certain consequence of such a policy would be to drive all
entertainments out of sight. They would become secret
indulgences and it is the secrecy of intemperance which
has to be feared. That is the real danger of all attempts
to legislate communities into forcible temperance. At
first the results are excellent, the police courts show a
great falling off in cases, there is no drunkenness visible
in the streets. Those who have been in the habit of taking
a slight stimulant now and again find themselves much
better without it. There is a general tendency to give prohibition a fair trial. But after a few months "blind pigs"
make their appearance. A little later police records show
an increase in the drug evil. All sorts of stimulants begin '
to be sold under various names. Am! almost invariably
the whole problem becomes a political football which constantly agitates the community, creates insecurity and
Violent swings of the pendulum from one extreme to thc
The Other Extreme
At the other extreme is the thick and thin supporter of
the saloon who believes every man.has a right to.get
drunk if he pleases and that saloons are a necessary part
oi the social structure, It is admittedly, however, a very
minor and entirely negligible portion of ihe community that
argues on such lines. The so-called "liquor interests" arc
usually stigmatised by the extreme prohibitionists as being
utterly opposed to temperance because their m ihey is invested in the liquor business. Moreover n is an indisputable faet lhat liquor and politics have been very closely
allied in the past, for the simple reason that all governments  have been  largely dependent on  ihe  liquor  traffic
for revenue.   Fri m ihe purely business po
often argued that prohibition, as it must d
niunity of a certain annual and mosl depi
is n,,t good business.   Or the other hand
ists claim  that   lhe increased efficiency of
through abstention from liquor makes up
He did not believe at that time in defeat and thought he
could escape coining I" any real decision regarding a referendum nn the somewhat thorny problem of prohibition.
Defeat in Vancouver chastened him and iii endeavoring to
estimate the..causes of-that defeat he gave a great .deal
of credit.to prohibition, which is not the first time in the
course of his career, the premier has,failed to diagnose
public sentiment. But having written down prohibition
as a Trsdall liability! be promptly decided to make it a
Flumerfelt asset. He promised ' the prohibitionists that
he would bringdown legislation at this session which would
give them all they asked and enable thc people at the
coming general election to decide by referendum whether
they would accept the act he would draw up. To his chagrin the election in Victoria proved that prohibition had nothing whatever to do with his downfall, Mr. Flumerfelt
being defeated by a comparatively larger vote than Mr.
Tisdall. The premier had however proved himself a moral
coward. What lie had refused before, he had assented to
the moment he had met with opposition. Ite was not
concerned with the wrongs or rights of prohibition, he was
merely anxious to placate a particularly aggressive section
of the electorate which knew precisely what it wanted
and was determined to exact its demands without compromise. He was ready to pay the price of cowardice at
the expense of his morals.
Playing for Position
So much for the reliance which can bc placed on the attitude of the premier towards such policies as may add
to the prosperity of British Columbia. He has proved himself a political opportunist of the first water, liis arrogant assumption of infallibility was obviously founded on
nothing but impudence. He believed he could force his
party in the legislature to accept a bill embodying everything for which the prohibitionists contended, by lashing
it into acquiescence with the knout of fear, which had
proved such an excellent instrument when applied to his
��� argu men I is ohu
easy t<> point out
��illing to Sacrifice
al advaiicenienl of
ml of \ iew it is
priie the com-
ndal le re\ eime,
ihe prohibition-
thc cohimunity
up  for the loss of
usly   true  but   it  is
hat lhe community
Mime of its' revenue
uilnaniiy   assuming
Which  can  only
��nd argument is
revenue.   The ttri
weak, because ii i
as a wh, de is quilt
towards  ihe  gene'
of   ionise   lhat   drink   is   a   terrible   evil
be eliminated by that  sacrifice.    The se
founded  chiefly  on  the  support  given    ihe    prohibition
movement by some of the "captains of industry"'w'lio find
thtir employees capable of more and belter work  if they
do not get drunk.    It is only necessary to add that these
"captains   of   industry"   are   hardly   ever   plai   abstainers
themselves.   A great many most inaccurate and misleading
examples are given of the improvement in the efficiency
of Workers  under prohibition, when  as a  matter of fact
such a thing as complete prohibition does not exist.
Regulated or Unregulated?
This may seem a somewhat startling statement but,
nevertheless, it is true. Prohibition exists but is not enforced in some states of the Union, but prohibition does
not exist in Canada and that is the reason why recently
in the Federal Parliament Mr. H. H. Stevens moved a resolution requesting legislation for national prohibition.
This request is based on the same foundation as what is
ol a new and somewhat easy going, mining community.
The well-tried, and most successful .Gothenburg system,
which in Great Britain is acclimatized under the name of
the Public House Trust, of which Earl Grey is chairman,
is an excellent and profitable example of w'hat can be accomplished hy reform, and education, rather than hy legislation, which unfortunately has never proved satisfactory.
Thc Swedish commission which visited the United States
to inquire into temperance legislation at once dismissed
prohibition as archaic.
Logic and Extremes
There are naturally in every movement two extremes.
In prohibition there is the extremist who believes that
drunkenness can be obliterated by depriving the whole
community of any place where intoxicants are sold. He
will not listen to the voice of reason, nor will he learn by
experience. To him it is sufficient that liquor is a cause
of much evil and that the evil will disappear if the cause
is removed. To be logical of course he should apply that
same argument to everything.   Women are made attractive
and, in many cases, extremly fascinating, by their external | known  as  the  Hobson  Act  in  the  United  States,  which
decorations.    Now it will be acknowledged that woman is j President  Wilson,   ex-President  Taft.  Senator   Root and
the real source of all our troubles, because if it were not
for her we should not be here to get intoxicated by her
presence. Wc might possibly still be passing a somewhat
dull and profitless existence in the Garden of Eden, hut
under those circumstances we should most probably be
very fond of fermented grape juice as were our ancestors
many others oppose on the ground that prohibition is
really a state matter or better still, a question for municipalities to decide under what is known as local option.
The extreme prohibitionists support a nation-wide system
of prohibition, but ther is not much chance of it coming
into being for the reason that under the state system gen-
who dwelt in the region of the Euphrates. Presumably | orally in being, the people are allowed to import liquor
the waters of the Tigris and Euphrates are not quite so ! from other states. Therefore, prohibition is not prohibi-
palatable as those to which We are accustomed in British ] tion in its strict sense. There are thousands of men who
Columbia. However, accepting woman as thc logical se- will vote for prohibition in their state if it will abolish the.
quetice of Adam being hipped, wc have to face the obvious j bar. but those same men will vote against national pro-
fact that she adorns herself according to her <?Me.   She.Jhibitiqjj, because under such a system they could not un
does not deprive herself of the pleasure of standing at
the counter of a dry goods emporium and discussing with
another member of her sex the stinginess of mere man
port liquor from other parts of the country. Under the
Manitoba, Alberta and Saskatchewan laws, the people of
those provinces cau import liquor in cases from British TWO
.'      m mm
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Member of the Canadian Press Association.
The Saturday Chinook circulates throughout Vancouver
and the cities, towns, villages and settlements throughout
British Columbia. In polities the paper is Independent
Liberal.   We do not accept liquor advertisements.
Publishers Greater Vancouver Publishers, Limited.
Columbia. Thc same method is to be followed in British
Columbia. Anyone who can pay the price can mail an
order to Calgary for a case of whiskey or beer and get
as drunk as he pleases on it. No doubt there will be a
means of limiting the quantity in any one house, which will
open the privacy of a residence to the search of the police,
but there will be nothing to prevent A sending to Calgary
for a dozen bottles of whiskey and selling half a dozen at
cost, or possibly at a profit, to B next door. The whole
trade, instead of being regulated, will become unregulated.
That is the experience of every state in the Union. It
is reasonable to suppose that there will be some attempt
to guard against this certainty by legislation. But it is
perfectly obvious that any legislation which allows the individual the liberty of importation and endeavors to prevent that individual "giving" a bottle or two to a friend,
will be interference of the most drastic kind with the liberty of the individual. Spies will exist everywhere. There
would probably spring up the professional informer who
would be paid by those interested for such convictions as
he could secure. Blackmail of the very worst kind would
It is believed tllat the prohibitionists demand that there
shall be no compensation paid to those who have invested
money in the liquor business. The demand presumably
is based on the well-founded argument that no compensation would be paid to thc owner of property used for an
immoral purpose if that house is closed by the police.
The prohibitionists claim that the liquor trade is immoral, but that is exactly where the ordinary man, who
quite sincerely desires to reform the Bowser Act, disagrees with the prohibitionist. He is quite willing n support prohibition if he is allowed to import case goods for
his own personal consumption, but he does not agree
that a brewery, a distillery, or a hotel which yells liquor
is an immoral undertaking. But the prohibitionist is under
present circumstances liable to lose his: case if he does
not vociferously insist on non-compensation. He is fully
1 aware that compensation will kill prohibition in British
Columbia because thc people cannot really afford to pay
compensation to all the hotels, which have come into
existence under the Bowser Act, let alone the breweries
and distilleries, as well as the wholesale and retail liquor
dealers. No government with any pretensions to business
could contemplate such a thing at this time and no legislation which provided proper compensation would pass if it
were properly debated because the people are not in favor
of prohibition IF IT COSTSTHEM ANYTHING. They
may have lost sight of the general, loss of revenue or be
willing to face extra taxation to'make up for that annual
revenue which amounts for Vancouver alone to $91,410.00,
and for the Provincial Treasury to $102,617.96, but if they
are faced with the necessity of borrowing several hundreds of thousands of dollars to compensate the hotel
investor���said hotels having been called into existence
far above any real demand for same, simply under the
clauses of the 'Bowser Act���prohibition stands in danger
of being defeated by referendum at the general election.
The Government and the Liquor Trade
It is possible that Mr. Bowser in an expiring effort to
catch the anti-prohibition vote will try and arrange for
some form of compensation. The prohibitionist usually
argues that by giving the liquor trade plenty of notice,
that is allowing so many months to pass before' prohibition becomes effective, after it is passed, the investor in
the liquor business has ample time tn withdraw his investment. He might just as well say that by insisting on
all women wearing one style of dress made out of one
material for economy's sake, and giving a "dry goods"
emporium plenty of notice, he is compensating the manufacturers of dress goods as well as those shopkeepers
who have large stocks on hand. If a person quite legitimately has invested his money in hotel property, which
hotel was built under the protection of the Bowser Act,
because only hotels could have a bar, the value of his investment is practically destroyed if the hotel is not allowed to sell liqour, which undoubtedly provided a large-
part of the revenue of the hotel. At any rate it will be
difficult to estimate the loss in value by taking the liquor
privileges away from the hotels under present circumstances.    It may be easy in the case of a wholesale and
retail liquor dealer to estimate his loss based on thc average profits of the last three or four years, but unless
compensation is paid there must be a dead loss of a very
considerable sunt invested under tbe protection of the
government. For that is exactly what it comes to. If
the government refuses compensation under pressure of
lhe prohibitionists, it is betraying a trust. The government has been sharing the profits of the liquor interests
lor years. The people have received the benefit of the
revenue derived from licenses. The highest form of morality, such as guides the prohibitionists, cannot afford to
steal. Yet tliat is exactly what no compensation amounts
In. The money was invested for a consideration. To
argue tliat no compensation was given to the slave owners
when slavery was abolished is not only drawing a wrong
parallel bul betraying an ignorance of history. The individual may put forward many and excellent reasons for
not giving compensation but it is not the individual that'
pays but the government, and the government usually is!
bound to pay compensation. The prohibitionist may have I
much truth on his side when he argues against compel!-1
sation, but the government has none whatever, That is
a point which needs emphasizing. The government is not
the individual.
War and Prohibition
There has been a great deal of capital made out of the
present war and the efforts made in Russia, France and
Great Britain to stop excessive drinking. It is an excellent illustration of a sentimental and emotional appeal
based on a complete misunderstanding of the liquor problem in the countries mentioned. No mention is made of
Germany, generally looked on as the most efficient of all
the belligerents, because Germany has not attempted to
stop the people drinking beer. For economic reasons she
has curtailed the output of breweries and distilleries, as
she must feed her pigs, the forage of which under ordinary circumstances is largely imported from Russia.
Russia has prohibited the manufacture and sale of vodka. There was no question of compensation as it was
a government monopoly, but large quantities of wine and
beer are being consumed and alas I there is Kumusha, and
Khanzae���the latter being made from wood alcohol, pepper and other spices���which have both become very popular, and which are manufactured illicitly everywhere.
France, before the war, was debating the prohibition of
absinthe and the legislation passed after the war began
had been determined on beforehand. She paid compensation to the manufacturers of absinthe. The soldiers of
France are supplied with a special wine, probably an excellent and cheap claret, which is the national beverage.
No one would think of attempting to legislate for prohibition in France,
Great Britain has for years been debating the question
of temperance. Mr. Lloyd George's campaign is fresh in
the memory of all. It did not result in any very specific
legislation except against "treating," which rather appealed
to the sense of humor of most people, but it did make people more temperate and call attention to the great progress made under F.arl Grey's scheme to which reference
has already been made. The soldiers at the front arc all
allowed rum in the trenches, and are trusted when nut in
the firing line not to get drunk. Character rather than
legislation is relied on.
The Independent View
The foregoing deals quite frankly with the present situation in British Columbia of prohibition, as it appeals
to the independent man. It is not an attempt tu make out
a case against prohibition, but it gives facts which cannot
be refuted. The writer is perfectly well aware of the terrific correspondence which has permeated thc Columns of
the newspapers, both for and against prohibition. It is a
subject which lends itself to all kinds of argument and
analysis. Most of the prohibition side of the correspondence has been over the signature of a certain gentleman
whose activities as manager of the defunct British Canadian Securities Company, the notorious subsidiary real
estate company of the Dominion Trust, would in any other
place disqualify him as a leading reformer. There is no
need to be personal but the association of one or two of
thc most prominent prohibitionists with the movement
docs it a great deal of harm, as nobody is convinced of
their sincerity, but looks for the business, political or financial interest. There are other well-known men connected with the movement whose sincerity and honesty
of purpose is above all question. Moreover throughout
both Canada and the United States there is passing one
of the great periodical waves of temperance reform which
usually takes the form of prohibition. That so many states
or provinces have gone, what is called "dry" is well known,
but it is a poor argument, because not only docs the law
vary in a great many states, but the per capita consumption
of liquor in the United States shows a steady increase in
thc last fourteen years despite prohibition. This article
has carefully refrained from going into details, because
they tend to confuse issues and the sole purpose of discussing the problem has been to deal with it from the ordinary commonsense point of view. No prohibitionist
who is fair-minded can surely object to anything herein.
He must allow that there is a point Af view which may not
agree with too hasty a conclusion on the subject. It is
not a personal point of view but one generally held by
what has been termed the silent vote.
The General Sentiment
According to general sentiment, or what may be termed
the froth of public opinion, prohibition will carry at the
coming general election. Manitoba having voted in favor
of the Macdonald act by a two to one majority, the prohibitionists deem victory assured. The manner in which
the city of Winnipeg voted against the saloon was conclusive evidence that both the urban and rural communities were agreed on abolishing the bar. In that sentiment,
as the writer has already said, a vast majority of the people
of British Columbia will heartily acquiesce. But the actual legislation proposed may be open to considerable
criticism when it appears, and on that legislation may
depend the result of the referendum. In that respect,
therefore, the writer considers the prohibitionists blundered when they allowed Premier Bowser to put forward
legislation at this session. It is absolutely impossible for
any government to press forward hasty legislation on
such an important subject, which at the same time can
be considered good legislation. No independent member in the legislature should be afraid of criticising such
legislation. Thc people of British Columbia do not desire
to be stampeded into an ill-considered policy. They would
doubtless have voted for prohibition on the general issue,
but they may not do so now. It would be a thousand pities if the Liberals and Conservatives, who do really think
for themselves, and who are not slaves to their party,
played politics on this issue merely because they believe
the prohibitionists hold the balance of power and will
throw their vote  solidly  regardless  of  all  else,  to  only
those politicians who endorse tlieir legislation. Let these
members remember that the electorate as a whole will
vote solidly fur the man who shows himself independent
and able to criticise. He may be an ardent advocate of
temperance and yet not believe iu prohibition as proposed.
Watch the Legislature
It is not at all clear what the legislation will be. That
some people will vote for or against prohibition without
any regard for the form of the legislation is certain. But
the Liberals will lose ground if they endorse any legislation which is not just, and they may rest assured that the
greal majority of the people in British Columbia will respect .them far more if they speak out boldly and are nol
afraid. There are a great many active prohibitionists who
are not agreed on the question, They have been obliged
to play politics to a certain extent. But outside the official prohibition party there is a very large and well-founded sentiment for liquor reform. The great mistake made
by the liquor interests was in not bringing forward some
proposals for complete reform long ago. It must be ad-
milted, however, that they would be terribly handicapped
iu so doing as their sincerity would be very much doubted
and the ardent advocates of prohibition would at once look
for a nigger on the fence. That is the weakness of the
ardent advocate. He presumes no one is sincere but himself. However there the whole question rests at present.
It is most interesting and well worth discussing. There
has been no real lead given to those who desire reformation and not prohibition, and they have, therefore, felt
that prohibition was better than nothing. For that reason, the community should be very grateful for the energetic efforts of the sincere prohibitionists. They have
brought the issue to public attention as nothing else could
do and it is only by so doing that reforms can be brought
about. The writer believes British Columbia had and still
has, a magnificent opportunity to lead the way to permanent and.stable liquor reform by the adoption of the proven
experience of Sweden and other countries, which have rejected prohibition and adopted sane and intelligent legislation suitable vto their conditions.
Sweeping and Garnishing
It is exactly these conditons to which attention should
be directed. The saloons as "run" today are an absolute
degradation to any city. There is no place to sit down, and
a man has to stand against the bar and drink while he
talks. The fact that so many bedrooms are attached to
the bar simply allows a man to get drunk if he so desires
and be put to bed on the premises. Many of the saloons
are dark, ill ventilated, and what they sell as liquor is better left to the imagination. Vancouver is a peculiar city,
in that it has a very large floating population which drifts
in and out according to its work and has no permanent
home. It is positively criminal to allow this very excellent material to drift aimlessly from saloon to saloon.
There should be some large halls or cafes properly lighted,
and ventilated, where newspapers and magazines, draughts,
dominoes,, chess, etc., can be played. Meals and drinks
coffee, tea, cocoa, beer or light wines could bc served.
Music should be allowed. Properly conducted, and it is
possible to conduct such places quite properly, such cafes
would be a godsend to these men. They would not get
drunk, they would behave themselves just as decently as
the most serious-minded person in thc most carefully conducted tea-room. Ultimately there must bc something of
the kind here. Prohibition which will prevent such men
getting a glass of beer, but will not prevent the permanent resident who can afford it getting as much whiskey as
he can imbibe, on the mail order system, will not be a
success in the long run. A little thought and a little
knowledge of the real conditions will convince most people who arc not extremists, of this. You can sweep and
garnish your city with prohibition, but you will not change
human nature by law. Only by education and a steady
advance can real good be accomplished. If the writer
proves wrong, so much the better���but watch your drug
stores, your so-called "soft drink," and soda fountains, and
above all, thc trade in morphine, cocaine and other "dope"
if prohibition, which is only prohibition for the poor man
and the floating population referred to, passes. Drugs
are devils seven times worse than the .original sin of
P.S.���The Doherty Bill
Since the foregoing was written the bill introduced by
the Hon. C. Doherty into the Federal House providing
that thc importation of liquor from one prohibition state
to the other will be illegal makes the question of compensation for breweries and distilleries so much the more
acute. The bill will also prevent the importation of liquor
from any other state or country and thus make provincial
prohibition a fact and not a farce. Under such circumstances the people will know what they are voting for.
Prohibition will bc complete. The most interesting feature of the Hon. C. Doherty's bill is, however, this. If it
passes the Federal House the people of the prohibition
provinces will have voted for something quite different
to what they will be getting. In other words the Federal
parliament will be testing the sincerity of their attitude.
The people voted to abolish the saloons but import liquor
under the mail order system. Will they ask for a repeal
of the law for which they have voted tinder the plea that
they voted under a misapprehension? Will the Federal
legislation invalidate the Provincial legislation already
passed? It is a very interesting point and well worth consideration. By passing the Doherty bill the Conservative
government can claim that they have enforced prohibition.
If the bill does not pass they can still claim to have shown
their good faith in the matter.
(Editor's Note.���"Criticus" was asked to write an article
upon prohibition which would be free from the bias which
sometimes may be found in the writings of men who are
actively participating in the fight against the liquor traffic. The result has been that he has given us an article
which fairly sets forth the views of a vast number of
those citizens who believe John Barleycorn to be a menace
to society. We publish it with a desire to be only fair to
all parties interested in the present campaign. While we
do not withdraw one inch from our original position as
supporters of prohibition, we feel that the most good
can be done for the great reform movement by encouraging public discussion of all phases of thc question).
What Other Papers Say
Tens of thousands of women are knitting in order to
help the State in the war.
Children are giving their pennies and wage-earners by
lhe lens of thousands are contributing every week *0 the
war what they can ill spare from their pay envelopes.
And what are some of the bigger fellows doing? Canadian Finance tells us something of their operations:
Nova Scotia steel demonstrated the fact that war
profits exist "in the flesh" as well as on paper. The
company's net balance from the year's operations was
$1,453,143, compared with a deficit of $620,420 in 1914.
The 1<��I5 balance represents 19.4 per cent, on the increased common slock tolal of $7,500,000, Contrary to
the opinion held in some quarters of the "street," the
matter of a resumption,!.*! the dividends on the common
stock was not discussed by the directors al this stage.
"Scotia's" young subsidiary .F.astern Car, earned $359.-
746 during the year, and carried forward $225,460 after
the payment of bond interest, and all arrears and cur-
, rent preferred dividends. "Scotia's-" prospects for; 1916
are ccrainly not to be painted in any sombre hue.
Another "war bride" ��� Canadian Foundries and
Forgings, Ltd.���presented a strong statement: There
was carried forward to the credit of profit and loss
account as a result of the year's operations the tidy
sum of $630,772. This represents 64 per cent, on the
company's common stock of $960,000. This is exclusive
of the 10 per cent, dividend declared prior to the annual meeting. The fact that only a statement of assets and liabilities was published suggested considerable
"covering up" of profits. Canadian Finance understands that the total amount written off for depreciation would represent another 40 or 50 per cent, on the
common stock. There has been practically no market
for this stock since the wild advance which carried it
up to 243 last November.
Carriage Factories Ltd., another war stock, showed
15.3 per cent, earned on thc common stock. The directors decided to discontinue the payment of the preferred dividend which was resumed last year. The
"street" regards this as a funny performance. Thc
item "bank loans, etc., $758,357," probably had something very directly to do with the passing of the preferred dividend.
The Toronto Star says that, "At the annual meeting of
the Gore District Mutual Fire Insurance Company thc
directors voted the entire profits' of the year's business,
amounting to $50,000, to thc Patriotic Fund. On the
same day Canada Foundries and Forgings, Limited, held
its annual meting at Brockville and showed a profit of
over $700,000 for the year. The sum of $25,000 was voted
to the Patriotic Fund.
"The two companies made their profits in different
ways. As the Ottawa Citizen points out, the insurance
company made its profits in ordinary business. The other
company made its huge profits out of war munitions
and the president reported tllat as regards the future, i'.
may bc stated that orders on hand are sufficient to keep
all your plants operating day and night for months t
"Yet with these huge profits already earned and witl
further large profits in fnjl view, thc company which i
making its money out of the war contributed only run
thirtieth of its profits to the Patriotic Fund, while tin
Gait Insurance Company, which is making nothing on
of the war, gave all its profits. '
It is strange, indeed, tn reflect upon the men and women
toiling and prepared to give the last cent they can spai''
towards the war, and also to think the thoughts of our
soldiers who have sacrificed and are prepared to sacrifice
life itself, and then look upon thc darker picture of th
' xc, ��� mind you, in their own estimatio
���who are out for the stuff, making their tens and bur
dreds of thousands and millions, 'ihey contribute son-
money, of course. Rut even a burglar would part wit
a small part of his gains, if folks would say nothing abou
the rest. Canada is not yet in earnest on the war que-
tion. If our men in parliament were thoroughly arouse
this profiteering business would soon cease. There i
none of it in Australia. Why should Canada lag Whin
the other Dominions and old Britain herself?���Winnipe
* * *
Canadians have been prone to boast of Canada's ban!-
and the strength of those institutions ,yet the banks ai
not only useless but a handicap to the man who won' I
develop the natural resources of this great undevelopi I
country. A man with a $1000 stock of merchandise an 1
insignificant business ability, may in normal times, g> t
easy credit in our banks, but if a man of very good business talent and technical knowledge were to apply for a
few thousand dollars to open a million dollar mining prospect he would be treated by the banks as a "nut."
If a Canadian wants money to develop a mining claim
in B. C. he has got to go to the small banks of the U. S.
The result is that U. S. capital is in entire control of
nearly all the minifig in British Columbia.
This timidity of our financial institutions may be partly
accounted for by the example of the Mining Department of
the B. C. government. This bureau is strong on "boost"
literature for the njinenrt'weaith of B. C, but it docs not
believe in doffig anything practical to encourage deve^-n-
ment. Apparently the Mining Department has n",'".'^
faith in the mining industry, and having no faith itself
it cannot put faith in others.
Referring to thc mining officials of B. C. as a "department" is a misnomer. There is really no mining department, merely a few salary-drawing incumbents who arc
so "conservative" that they are utterly devoid of ideas
or the courage to take up a suggestion made by sonic
one else. This province is sadly in need' of a little talent
and some energy at the head of affairs.���Omineca Miner.
Within the last month thc News has received half a
dozen notifications of increases in wholesale prices of
paper stock���all of course due to conditions brought on
by the war. Where it will end no one can tell, as a!'
quotations are subject to change without notice. Increase
already run from ten to twenty per cent. Those requ"
ing stationery or printing of any kind should stock ��P
at once for a year if possible before our inevitable increase in prices takes effect.���Trail News. SATURDAY, MARCH 25, I91C
Have You a House to Rent
We  are  having numerous  enquiries   for   six   and   seven   i i
modern  houses  in  the  Wesl   End and Kitsilano.   Our Rental Department  is at your service.
North West Trust Company, Limited
509  Hichards  Street Seymour 746;
Municipal Bonds
There is a demand for superior Municipal Bonds because they
can be readily marketed, so your money is not tied up. Yet they
pay the investor well and are a preferred investment suitable for
the most cautious investor.
Write our Bond Dept.  for further particulars and latest list.
Canadian Financiers Trust Company
Head Office, 839 Hastings Street West. Vancouver, B.C.
Patrick Donnelly General Manager
:ii;;,yy,   ,:,,..;������. ���.:,* ISIBIIHIHlIHillliK
iiiiiiaiiiiii'iiiiiiiiiiiiBiiiiiitt l
��� ���
Your Goods will be Safe from
Fire Stored with Campbell
The new. modern "Security fireproof Warehouse'' is built ol reinforced
concrete, and is divided into sections of heavy fire walls, li by remotest
possibility goods should catch fire. THE FIRE IS POSITIVELY PREVENTED FROM SPREADING. The building is equipped with the latest
automatic sprinkler syslem. So immune is this building from fire that fire-
insurance may be written on goods at the remarkably low rale ol 33 cents
per $1(1(1 per year.     Free storage estimates gladly given.
Campbell Storage Company
I..'ist week we had some things to
say about Royal Commissions. This
week we an- permitted to chronicle
the gisl ni a report jusl presented
by the Commission appointed by the
Dominion Government to enquire into the cost of living.
1 he board oi inquiry was composed of John McDougald, C.M.G','
chairman; Dr. C. C. James. C.M.G.;
R. 1-J. Coats; J. U. Vincent and T. .1.
I.yut'.n, secretary.
The report is said to cover two
thousand pages of useful and interesting statistics, and information,
which has been gallieni! from various reliable  sources.    These   vill,  no
doubt,   prove   valuable   in   the   future, j     This   week   we  at
The summary of the report, however,)to our  readers a  i
ikes   nol   bring   to   light   many   new
reasons   for   the   high   cost   of   living.
The report says in  part:
li is reported from the Easl tha
the Canadian bank- have acted on th
suggestion of the Minister of Fin
ance. ami hat e extended I i lhe Bril
isb Govcrnmenl a crcdil
llllll io $100,000,000 upi ��� heutti
notes. As a direct result f this ,i
tion on ihe pari of tlie haul -. order
for $100,000.00 nf munitions and arm
supplies  may be placed  in  Canada.
Jingle Pot
Always Mined by Union
White Labor
Coast Lumber & Fuel Co., Ltd.
Phone Fair. 2500    Phone High. 226    Phone Fraser 41
le  p. present
'gem"  in   thi
form  of a  letter from  the  lucid  pel
of one. Jay  M. Jackson,  publisher of
a   Real   Estate   Director)   in   Kansas
"The   advanced   prices in     Canada! city.    Call il what  you will.    It's ven
have  been  largely  increased  through | entertaining,     W'e   quote   iu   pari   as
Northern Securities Limited
Established 1900
Seymour 1574
Seymour 7360
il,|i|||||llllllliilIMl:l',i'l.'|||-i::i ,ri'.i
. m
,.!,!.;(/    i     n
;.,   ,1   ������
How  About Advertising    J
In the Telephone Directory |
Did you see that letter in the daily papers jj
from a satisfied advertiser in the telephone dir- jj
ectory ?
He declared there was no other medium like
it, and has contracted for his space for two years     j
If you advertise, consider the directory, which
gives you city and country circulation, in the
home and the office���in short, it covers the
whole Lower Mainland thoroughly and com-
manifold forms of extravagance and
wastage, public and private, individual
and social."
Another contributing cause given is
the loss "through expenditure ou a
rising scale for luxuries and through
wasteful   methods   in   the   household."
This finding is no doubt true.    Ma-J
ny good  people  have  learned  this by
experience;  ,..il what of the unlimited |       i\ow,  I  do not wan
wastage and extravagance  which  hasi until   I   receive  your   subscription    as
been practised by  Provincial ami  Pe-  it will be two vears before ihis direc-
deral Governments, municipal author-j tory  is  again  revised,  ami  these  t��"
.: i      .1 i.l!..   I....I:...-.     'IM.���   .. .'
"Vou have overlooked sending mc
your subscription and copy fur your
advertisement. Hundreds ami th viands .if orders have been pouring in
from  all  over  the  country. I am
greatly   disapninted   in   not   receiving
"Now, 1 do
Situated on 2 acres ol highly improved land with shrubs .md small
Garage;  House   In rooms and modern throughout
house in exchange.
Will  take  Wesl   \\
huge sums pilfered, squandered and
handed out by one means and another
to party workers and favorites, have
Come out of the pockets of the public, and this we maintain has contributed largely 1" the rising cost of
living, and the causes given by tile
Commissioners are but a trifle compared thereto. The report also notes
the withdrawal of thc population from
the land, as restricting the supply of
and increasing the cost of commodities. This appears to us to lie a
fact, and it must apear to everyone
that Canada as a whole must greatly
increase its rural population anil
thereby production before the cost ol
living can be materially reduced.
The following companies are reported as complying with the Act by
deleting- trust powers:
Canyon City Lumber Co., Ltd.
Howe Sound Power Co.. Ltd.
The Manitoba Loan and Investment Agency, Ltd.
Cramer Investment Co,,  [.id.
Western Canada City Properties,
iu ���i profitable and prosperous period  th,-  real   ���'
estate   men   have  ever   known.    This
great  activity  has  already  started  inl
many  districts  and   will   soon   spread
throughout   the  country.     Hanks   :..'���'
trust companies are loaded down with
money,  and   ihis  money   will   seek   an I
outlet.     Real  eslate  always  has  been
and always will be the besl investment
for ihe conservative investor.
"You want your share of this husiness and I warn you tn have it. This
Directory will place you in Pan!: with
same. This lisi includes over one
hundred thousand of the hest real
estate men in America. They will cooperate wilh you. 'file} have buyers!
for what you have for -ale. Our loan
companies have plenty oi money to
make all real eslate loans,
Poultry Supplies, Hay, Grain  and Feed
PHONES: Fairmont 186���878-
Fraser 175 and Collingwood 153
I  am  determined   to   hair   you   associated with us, your friends who rr
commend   ynu.   are   mosl   anxious   >
have   you   wilh  us.
n y .,.,
-end me
i ���   r,
"Very   respectfully.
��� Enclose y -ur check with oral I will stamp vi ur��� name on
cover   of   Directory   in      Cold
1 ii again to gel tbe full benefit.
r     ���
Those Who Run May Read
The Dominion Glazed Cement Pipe Co.'s machine-made Sewer |j
Pipe, put under test by The Robt. W. Hunt Co., Ltd., a pipe, 10 j
inches internal diameter, being subjected to two days  drying in an g
oven, then immersed in water for 24 hours.    Result��� g
Weight before immersion 105J4 pounds
Weight after immersion 106     pounds
Difference equals J^-pound of water, or .48 of 1 per cent.
On the same pipe after being subjected lo the above���crushed g
at 29,200 pounds. H
Office: Dominion Building. Vancouver, B.C.           Phone Sey. 8286 g|
,;;  ,   ,;.,',:., ,:	
|1III11III Hi mmwmWEmmmWHmWUm lilllllllllllllll II|
I  Champion & White |
Best South Wellington Coal
I Lump $6.50       Nut $5.50 j
PHONE 9570
Manager, Guardian Casualty and Guaranty Company
In this issue wc publish the Financial Statement of iln
Guardian Casualty and Guaranty Company, for the year
ending December 31st. 1915. The head office for Canada
is situated at 414 Pender Street West, Vancouver, with
A. S. Matthew and Company as General  Managers.
Under thc provisions of the llritish Columbia Insurance
Act, thc Company has deposited with the Provincial Government $25,000.00 in securities. The Premium income for
the past year, according to the Statement, was over one
million dollars, and the report of lhe Superintendent of
Insurance of thc Company's home Stale, as noted in the
statement, is a favorable one. All losses are paid from
thc local office; and amongst the many Hritish Columbia
firms whose business the Company handles are: The
Vancouver Lumber Co., Messrs. Armstrong. Morrison it
Co.. Brunette Saw Mills, Hastings Shingle Co.. Small &
Bucklin Mills. Victoria Lumber Co., etc.
Mr. Matthew has had a wide experience in lhe Insurance
field. He is a member of the International Association
of Casualty and Surety Underwriters, and is considered
an able underwriter in this class of insurance.
Canadian Casualty and Guaranty
Staten ml for the Yeai Ending December 31st, 191.S
Leans     Secured     by     First
Stocks and Bonds   	
Capital   Stock   	
Commission  Due on
Uncollected   Premiums
.      $300,000.0"
Collateral   Loans   	
Reserve  for  Losses
Real Estate owned by
Extra  Voluntary  Reserve
Cash in Bank and on Hand
Reserve for Re-Insurance
Uncollected   Premiums   not
over 90 days old  	
Accrued Interest   	
Reserve  for  Taxes   	
Accounts   Payable   	
232 079 99
Due for Re-insurance  	
Assets to  Policy  Holders ��� Capital,  Surplus and
Reserves        .
Premium Income for
Insurance Commissioner James of the State of Utah reports on the company as
follows:���"The cempany was found to be doing a large business in twenty-two States,
and is in a most excellent financial condition.'
General Managers:
ad ^^^���
Vancouver Women's  Work  for Women
This is to be a silk season in the
world of fabrics.
Heretofore, with a few exceptions,
the evening gown, and demi-forinal
costume, alone were made of lustrous
fabrics. Xow, however, these fabrics are to be tailored; and suits of
silk will bc seen quite as much as
suits of cloth. This appears to be
only one of fashion's whims, but really it is because so many of the foreign woollen and worsted factories
are closed through the war, thus crippling the supply of woollens. Wc
must, therefore, turn to the silk and
a very nice idea for spring, too.
Stripes, checks, dots and all sorts
of patterns are shown in taffeta, and
the brocades so stately recall Colonial
The dainty flowered crepes are so
suitable for summer frocks. For
waists Georgette, Pierette, crepes, and
the indestructible voiles in large and
fancy stripes are shown.
in the hooking to keep the work even
and well clipped. It is really a simple and fascinating work.
One cup sugar, two tablespoons cocoa, one-fourth cup butter, one egg,
two teaspoons baking powder, one
half cup milk, one and one-half cup
flour, pinch of salt, one teaspoon
vanilla, one fourth cup boiling water.
Cream, butter, sugar and egg together, add cocoa, vanilla and salt.
Mix well. Add milk, then flour and
baking powder, sifted together. Add
boiling water, heating the mixture till
it becomes light. Pour in butter pans
and bake in hot oven. A nice filling is
made with one-third package of dates
chopped fine with two tablespoons of
brown sugar and enough water to
keep from burning. Boil until dates
are soft and spread between the cakes
while it is warm. Use a butter icing
and the cakes are most delicious.
How many can remember their
grandmother's old rag rugs. Never a
scrap of the new frocks but was hooked or braided into rugs for the floor.
For years they were never seen at all
and now they have come back just as
popular as ever.
A piece of canvas sacking, a good
strong steel hook and the ragbag is
all one needs. I .have seen a good
hook made from an old steel tab'c
fork, filed down to the required size.
Legs of old stockings make a good
border and old pieces of white cotton
can be dyed to some of the softest
colors for pattern. Care must be taken
"Please will yon tell us another
story, Grandma," coaxed Jimmie ami
Jack. "Wc liked that story about the
"All right, dearies," said Grandma;
"I'll tell you about the funny pig we
had when 1 was a little girl,
���'We children were very fond of the
pig and called him 'Pokey,' because
he was always poking his nose everywhere looking for us if we were out
of his sight.
"You children know the rhyme a-'
bout Mary's lamb and how he followed her to school. Well, Pokey was
just as fond of going to school as ever
Mary's lamb was.
"Father always fed Pokey just us
we were starting to school, so we
could run away without him following
us, but we never got very far away
before wc would hear him coming
down the road.   He would be running
just as fast as his little short lens
would carry him and squealing as
loud as ever a little pig can squeal.
My sister used to say he was scolding us for not waiting for him..
"To tell the truth, at first wc didn't
like him going lo school with us for
some of thc bigger girls and boys
teased us. However thc teacher never minded as Pokey always behaved
very well. L'nlike Mary's lamb he
never attempted to enter the school,
but was quite content to wait outside until wc came out. At first he
would go to sleep and snore like all
pigs do. Then all the pupils would
laugh. My, hut we would be ashamed and wish Pokey had stayed at
]!y and bye, however, as Pokey insisted on going with us, we all became quite used to him, and never
minded him at all. Teacher used to
say Pokey was one of her very best
pupils for he never was late and when
any one spoke to him he always grunted very politely and never answered
rudely, and that was something which
couldn't bc said about all of her pupils."
The Surrey Women's Institute held
very successful flower shows in 191.3
and 1914; last year no show was held,
but it was now decided lo do so for
the present year. The date has not
yet been fixed.
Thc results of the canvassing contest were then announced and were
very gratifying, especially when it is
remembered that the neighboring
communities of- Ilazlemere, Tyne
head and Strawberry Hill all have
flourishing W. L's of tlieir own. The
membership on the books of Surrey
W. I. now stands at 15K, three times
greater than any previous year.
Mrs. Kirk, president of Strawberry
Hill W. I., wdio was present, spoke a
few wotds.
Mrs. E. T. Wade gave an instructive paper on "Crowing Vegetables,"
and Mrs. Croft a talk on "An English
Cathedral," illustrating her address
with photos. Refreshments were then
served and after singing the National
Anthem the Institute adjourned to
April 4th.
Electricity at Home
Brings Real Comfort
Wiring a house for Electric Service no
longer presents the problem of the past. It
can be done without confusion or dirt ���
without the slightest damage to walls, ceilings or decorations.
Electric Service and lhe bright glow of
electric lights���on or off al the lurn of a
switch���add so much to the cheer of your
home. Every household task may lie performed better bv electricity.
Vancouver       North Vancouver       Eburne
Miss Rosie Lloyd, another of the clever Lloyd
family, a sister of Marie
and Alice, will be the big
feature at Pantages Theatre, starting Monday. This
is Miss Rosie's first visit to
the coast. She is a nice-
looking girl, wears pretty
costumes, has a good voice
and a great selection of
English songs. A Holiday
in Dixie land is a cyclonic
burst of mirth and melody,
consisting of six girls and
four men, who are colored
people. A real novelty
piano and singing act vvill
be presented by Volant,
with the assistance of a
piano that flies through the
air. There will be three
other acts on this all star
Mount Pleasant Presbyterian Church
Miss Rosie Lloyd at Pantages next week
The Scenic Highway Across the Continent
The -Popular Route to the���
Up-to-date Train Service Between Vancouver and the Eait.
All trains equipped with Standard and Tourist Sleepers.
J. MOE, C. P. A., 434 Hastings St, Vancouver.
C. MILLARD, D.T.A., Vancouver.
H. W. BRODIE, Gen. Pass. Agent, Vancouver.
The Surrey Women's Institute met
Tuesday, March 7th, in the Municipal
Hall, Cloverdale, Mrs. Whitcley, president, in the chair. There was an attendance of 34. The most important
question before the, meeting was the
patriotic work to be taken up for the
year. In 1915 the Institute contributed between $50 and $60 in cash for
patriotic, purposes, besides articles for
thc Red Cross and furs for Italian
soldiers. In January 1916 an entertainment was given by the members
which resulted in a sum of $4275 for
thc Canadian Patriotic Fund; it was
now decided to adopt a prisoner 'of
war for the balance of the year at the
cost of $5 a month and also to send
a donation of $10 io the Belgian Relief Fund.
The law forbids the sale of liquor and cigarettes
to minors, but it does not restrain newspapers from going into respectable homes and soliciting the patronage of the boys and girls with
flaring and alluring advertisements.
Careful firesides must rely, therefore, upon newspapers that voluntarily banish liquor and cigarettes, those great
enemies of youthful strength and purity, from their columns.
In the campaign for saloonless state it is vital that
the forces of temperance cast the entire weight of their influence
against the wets.
Their subscription order for a newspaper is a vote
for or against liquor, according as the advertising columns of that
newspaper are for or against liquor.
The Saturday Chinook is against the selling and
distributing of liquor and cigarettes to minors through its advertising
For true temperance should begin at home and
with the Home Newspaper.
Delivered at
your door for
10 cents a month.
Phone Seymour 470.
The Saturday Chinook
The large audience that congregated in the above church last Friday
n'iglil, March 17th, were no doubt expecting a fine musical treat, and few
could go away saying that they were
disappointed, for this fine body of
singers huhiliering over fifty voices
certainly gave a splendid account of
themselves, and showed tllat much
time had been spent in rehearsal.
It is quite a daring feat for a choir
of singers to give a concert programme consisting of choruses and
part songs entirely unaccompanied.
However, questionable as this arrangement is, generally speaking,
most choirs, and in fact, most audiences, prelcr accompaniment, with some
kind of instrument, yet it must be
said that the choir at Friday's concert
showed great skill in their unaccompanied renderings. Of course, the
credit of training is Mr. L. R. Ilridg-
man's, and he must have been at great
trouble to get .such fine tone production.
! This choir has nicely balanced numbers, and the sopranos in particular
are rich, not only in point of numbers, but the voices are above thc average.
In the opening chorus, "Lullaby of
Life, while the time was a little erratic, it was otherwise very well rendered. One might go to a good many
concerts before they would hear as
good a rendering of Gounod's "By
Babylon's Wave." One of the difficulties here was to keep up to pitch,
yet this was done in spite of the fact
tllat there was no accompaniment.
The "Divine Lullaby" was also well
done. The last chorus was "The
Hundred Pipers." Will Mr. Bridgmaii
take a hint from the critic, who is
Scotch, that in again singing this
song, get the choir to say "Wi' a Httn-
der Pipers." This is a very common
error to say "Hundred," and unfortunately it is printed so in many of
the song copies.
A quartette of ladies sang "Mendelssohn's "Spring lias Come." It had
a very pleasing effect, and again
showed that Mr. Bridgmaii has reason
to be proud of the quality of the
voices he has in his choir.
The 72nd Highlanders Quartette,
Messrs. Hall Bros., Lloyd and Mac-
kie were good, and had to respond to
several encores.
Miss Gladys Cochrane who sang
two numbers has a fine voice, and
while her choice of solos, and an encore, was good, one could not help
thinking that her selection did not
show off her vocal sualities to advantage.
Miss Duthie's solo was well received, and we should have heard this
young lady in another number.
Mr. Harold Nelson Shaw gave two
recitations, with his usual good laste.
Mr. Bridgmaii is to be congratulated on giving a splendid concert.
���J. W. LKCK.IE.
Phone  Seymour  3406
WEEK OF MARCH 27, 1916
Rosie Lloyd
Three times daily, 2.4S, 7.15, 9.1S
Matinee, 15c; Night, 15c & 25c
" Safe Milk for the Babies
So a milk that is safe for the dedicate systems of the wee
tiny folks is surely safe and wholesome too for all members
of the family. Wc do not condemn milk supplied by other
dairies, but this we do say:
because the highest authorities and the best judges iu British
Columbia pronounce TURNER'S MILK "BEST BY TEST."
Phone Seymour 9086
A  Private  Box
Phone Seymonr 4223 Mrs. A. CLARK '
The Ladies'  Agency
Also at 526 Sayward llldg., Victoria, B.C.
Classified Advertising
Phone Highland 137
Grandview Hospital
VANCOUVER     -     B.C.
Medical : Surgical  : Maternity
Rates  from  $15.00  per  week
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, 4S
Hastings St. E., and 782 Granvile
Street.  Vancouver,  B.  C.
wanted to clean and repair *at the
factory, 438 RICHARDS STREET.
Jewelry, etc. A quiet, respectably
reliable place to bortow money.
Old gold bought. Established 190X
Star Loan Co., 812 Hastings Wes-i.
Stove away. We handle castings and
repairs to fit any stove or range.���
FRANKS, 44 Water Street.
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Lines
C. E. Jenney, G. A. P. D.
Phone: Sey. (134
W. G. Connolly, C. P. F. A.
527 Gruwillt Street SATURDAY. MARCH 25, 1916
Thursday,   .March   16.���Tlie   Dutch
steamer,  Tubantia,  bound  from   Rot-i
terilain  to  Buenos Ayres,  with many
passengers and a crew of 3l!<), sunk
in the North Sea near the Noordhin-
der Light. Was it a submarine ur a
* + .*
French artillery officers slate thai
the German dead lie in great heaps on
the Verdun front. The third battle
which began last Tuesday, has bo far
failed tn develop.
* * *
Mr. J. S. II. Matson tells the public accounts committee at Victoria
how he "earned" his commission of
$75,000 nn the sale of the Songhees
reserve. Despite his seeming frankness his loss of memory regarding important particulars is really a subject
for a separate inquiry���medical, not
political. The method hy which he
"earned" thc money remains a secret.    It is evidently too valuable  to
* * *
Despite thc fact that the German
Chancellor, Herr von Bethmann Holl-
wcg, told thc Diet of the German
states that any discussion of foreign
affairs was "beyond their competence"
the members of thc Diet insisted on
attacking the administration. Seemingly the Diet desires more information regarding the operations of the
German fleet. How absurd. Don't
they know it is sweeping the North
Sea and thc British fleet is skulking
in harbor. Any well primed neutral
could tell them that.
* * *
British forces under General Smuts
operating in East Africa, captured
Moshi and push on tn Arnsha. N.B.
Artisha is at the head of a railway
half way between the Victoria Nyan-
za and the coast town "I* Usamabara.
Moshi is jusl north of Arnsha on the
eastern slopes of the Kilimanjaro
range.   The Chinook will supply maps
at $10 each.
* * *
Admiral von Tirpitz retires. The
Germans do not like it. They feel retirement in the air, though they are
used tu it on the canal.
* * *
It is announced that the camp al
Vernon will be opened again this summer. Vernon ministers please note
and be discreet.
* * *
It is said that the Mexicans resent
the American invasion of their territory even though they hope to get
rid of Villa thereby. Revolution of
the Movie Men when not allowed to
accompany troops.
* * *
Friday, March 17.���Holland is very
angry over the sinking of the Tubantia. She was torpedoed without warning by a submarine. The Germans
say it was a British submarine which
sunk the ship in order to get Germany
into trouble. Poor Germany. She
seems to be blamed for everything.
Strafe the Dutch.
* * *
It is said that Lord Montagu" of
Beaulieu will bc apointed director of
the British air service and receive a
seat in the cabinet.   They'll have to
tie  him  down, otherwise  lie  will  be
constantly rising.
* * *
The Imperial coalition government
on a vote for adjournment, only re-
ceived a majority of six. Most of the
members decided to go on talking.
'I lie Germans made five desperate
successive attacks against Vaux, all
of which were repulsed with terrible
slaughter. "Paris vaut line masse,"
as Henry of Valois said.
* * *
The resignation of von Tirpitz is
much discussed. He is said to have
quarrelled with the Kaiser, who sent
him the order of the House of Hohen-
zollcrn. Bismarck received the same
honor. It is suspected that the order
is a Prussian jack-boot set in diamonds. Thc Admiral murmured as
he left his office "Apres moi la deluge." As the Germans are not on
speaking terms with the French just
now no one understood what he
* * *
The Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council decides to keep out of politics in future. Presumably they do
not like to play with pitch.
* * *
Mr. J. P. Brown, a much-wanted
gentleman in Saskatchewan, started
from Texas for Regina under arrest.
He is said to be billed for the principal part in the Saskatchewan Rribe
drama. Bob Rogers, Canada's favorite actor, is cast for thc villain of the
* * *
The   Russians   are   moving  on   the
Bessarabian  front.    Thc   hibernating
season is over.
* * *
Brazil has seized all German ships
interned in her ports. Surely, this
���'oes not entail another declaration o.f
war by Germany. Why not make a
blanket, declaration to cover every
* * *
Saturday, March IS.���Dr. Liebk-
necht, the German socialist, was howled down for denouncing militarism mi
the floor of the Reichstag. Presumably he would have been shot if he
had upheld it ml the battlefields of
* * *
Talk of peace breaks out again.
Peace is something in the nature of
a boil on the German body politic.
Holland appealed to the United
States regarding the sinking of the
, ubantia. President Wilson is reported to have referred the matter to his
stenographer, form  16.
* * *
Sunday, March 19.���Day of Rest.
Xo disturbance caused by the News-
Advertiser publishing the views of
John R. Balderdash. It left them out
���with everything else of interest.
* * *
Monday, March 20.���Allied airmen
raid Zeebrugge. It is said the Germans have complained to the United
HOOPER, Broker, t,i the Cay <.f Vancouver,
B. C. intendi to apply fur perntifaion to
'���'-imi for Conl, Petroleum ami Natural
Gas under iln' li llowing described lands:
Commencing nl -  ,.,,., planted at the South*
Weft corner <<i Section Three fj), Range Six
��� I Weat, Block Tin,,   ��� ������, Korth, Croup One
ill. New tVeatminslci   District! tbencc South
, ighty  " -io  chains;  ��� i    el        i . .Mv  (80)
thence    Norl      ei| I B0)    chains;
Ihcnci   W'.t   eighty   (B0)   cha       to ] '-nit of
commencement italning   '.-in   icrt<,   more
(Signed)   HiIlN*  PERCY  IIOOPEH;
I.ocatol iln- (went- nin'h day ol December,
February 25, 1916.
NOTICE     Unit     JOHN     I'lRt'Y
Broker, ol the City <>i Vancounr,
ii',:,.!-   t,-   apply   for   permission, ito
i i    Coal,   Petroleum   and   Xatusal
hi thc following described land-:  at
ii in iny at a post planted at the -Soujh-
irner ,,f Section Three '.''. Range fcii-
;st.   Block   Three   (3)   North,   I'njivp
New   Westminster   District,   thence
ighty iHO)  chain-; thence West nighty
sins; thence North eighty mix chains:
Ka-t   eighty   (Rill   chains   to   point   of
.cement,   containing   640   acres,   more
ed the Twenty-ninth day of December,
West r
i <..   W
One II
South e
I Wl) eh
or less
l'i 15.
Moonlight on Penticton Beach���Aquatic Club in foreground
States,  stating that if this    sort    of I     Four   German   aeroplanes  raid  the
thing continues their submarines will | Kentish coast.   Nine people killed and
not be safe in that haven.
The great battle of Verdun seems
about over and has resulted in a wonderful victory for the French. They
have put more Germans out of action
than in any single action of the war.
+ * *
Hon. C. J. Doherty introduces a
bill into the I'ederal Mouse to prohibit the importation of intoxicating
liquor into any province that has voted for prohibition. Consternation in
such provinces which went dry on the
understanding that they could he as
wet as they liked, through the mails.
* * *
Attempt on the life of Premier Rail-
oslavoff of Bulgaria. These are siren-
uous times for most premiers.
Problem of recruiting again lo the
lore in Great llritain. That is natural
when the numbers fall behind.
Hush���Major-General Sam Hughes
arrives in England. Everybody of
note goes to ground. Freedom of
Falmouth conferred on the gallant Sir
Sum���presumably on condition that
he does not talk.
Monetary alliance between the Allies is projected. Thc Chinook believes in that and earnestly requests
�� * *
Villa is said to bc bounded on thc
south-east and west by Carranza
troops and on the north by the Americans, lie always was even when
the American troops were not in
thirty-one injured.
* * *
Tuesday, March 21.���Three German
destroyers chased into Zeebrugge by
llritish torpedo boats. 2(10 people
killed and .15(1 wounded by Allied air
raid yesterday.
* :N    IK
Austrian troops retire from the
southern hank of the Dniester in Gal-
ieia and Russians cross that river.
This may lead to important developments. Czernowitz vvill probably be
The Russians capture Ispahan in
Persia. The Turks complain lhat the
Russians are
iver Asia Minor.
Wednesday March 22. ��� General
Pershing leading lhe American troops
in Mexico is said to he close to Villa.
All wires are cm. however, and des
pitc the most optimistic reports then
is a distinct feeling of anxiety,
# + *
More hints from Germany that'she
would like peace, Her terms are becoming less and less grandiloquent.
Germany is uni'orunately for her in
the apple asking fur just one bite,
the position of the small boy without
and on being refused asking for the
core. "There ain't going to be no
core" was the reply and that is the
reply of the Allies to Germany
"There ain't going to be no terms"
until the military power of Prussia
is utterly destroyed.
ii * +
Heavy storm in thc middle west of
the United States does much damage.
The weather as a subject even in
Vancouver dare not be mentioned iu
these notes.
Sir Sam Hughes in London agreed
to be interviewed. What is the exact difference between an agreement
and a demand?
HOOPER, Broker, of the City of Vancouver,
B. C, intends to apply for permission to
prospect for Coal, Petroleum anil Natural
Gas under the following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted at the South-
West corner of Section Twenty-five 125),
Range Seven 17) West, Block Four 141 \oflh,
Group One (I), New Westminster District!
Ihence North eighty (80) chains: thence
East eighty (80) chains; thence South eighty
(80) chains: Ihence West eighty (801 chains,
lo point of commencement, containing 640
acres,  more or  less.
Located the Twenty-ninth dav of .December,
February 2?, 1916.
The Italian government states that
it will publish reports on the massacres in Serbia. It is plain that the
Austrians and Bulgarians determined
to wipe the nation out of existence.
Over 700,000 people are said to have
been   killed.
The third article on current affairs by CRITICUS appears in
this issue. '
The first two articles were entitled:     '
1. The Attorney-General's Dilemma.
2. Our Business Government,
The issues of the CHINOOK
containing these articles are already out of print.
It is important that orders for
the CHINOOK, which will print
a regular article by CRITICUS
should be given at once.
The articles are absolutely independent of any political or other
organization. They give the point
of view of the man in the street.
HOOPER, Broker, of Ihc City ol Vancouver,
B. C.i intends to apply for permission to
prospect for Coal, Petroleum and Natural
Gas  under thc following described  '.amis:
Commencing at a post planted at the Southwest corner of Section Twenty-five (25),
Range Seven ID West, Block Pour (41 North,
Group One (1), New Westminster District;
thence South eighty 180) chains: thence
East eighty (80) chains: thence North eighty
(80) chain's; Ihence West eighty i SO) chains,
to point of commencement, containing 640
acres, more or less.
Located the Twenty-ninth day nf Ikcember,
February 25, 1916.
j    TAKE
1 n. c.
NOTICE   that    JOHN
llroker,  ol  lh(   Cil     ol  \
nten.ls   lo   apply   * ���:   hit
Coal, Petroleum and S
'ani ottVCr,
ii--ion   to
Wcsl   co
| eighty (F
ncii     '!.' a post plant'
���>., i   ...   Seel    TwentyO
x oo West,.Block Koi i   1
ne   111.   N'e��-   Wcsti. .-���
orth eighty (80) cl ail i; th
in chains: theno  South i
thence   East   eighty   (80)
control nccment, containing
l-.e South(
ui   (27),
���i >  North,
enci West
ghty (80)
chains   to
640 acres,
Signed) JOHN MASON 1
i 1,,,'iHl
tlie Sixth dav .if January,
2nd, 1916.
Form   No.   11.
V ��� ���:���---
i     *��   ��**
Vancouver Land District, District of Coai-t
Range 2.
TAKE NOTICE that William P. Marchant
of Victoria, B.C., occupation Clerk, intends
to apply for permission to lease the following
described lands:���
Commencing at a post planted on the
North-west shore of Schooner Passage, River?
Inlet, distant about three-quarters of a mile
in a Northerly direction from the north end
of Pendleton Island: thence 40 chains north;
thence 40 chains east; thence south to shore
of Schooner Passage; thence following the
shore-line to place of commencement.
Name  of  Applicant   (in   full).
December 22,   1915.
J.   G.   Johnston,   Agent.
LACEY, Broker, of the City of Vancouver,
11. C., intends to apply for iTtmission to
prospect for Coal. Petroleum ana Natural Gaa
under the following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted at the South-
.'!��� nf Section Twenty-seven (27),
(r,) West, Block Four (4) North,
(.���roup i-Mit (1) New Westminster District;
thence North eighty (8(1) chains; thence East
eighty (80) chains; thence South eighty (80)
chain*; thence West eighty (80) chains to
point of commencement, containing 640 acres,
more or less.
Located the Sixth day of January. 1916,
Match 2nd, 1916.
HOOPER, Broker, of the City of Vancouver,
B. C, intends to apply for permission to
prospect for Coal, Petroleum and Natural
Gas  under the  following  described  lands:
Commencing at a post planted at the South-
West corner of Section Three (,1), Range Six
(6) West, Block Three (3) North, Group
One (1). New Westminster District; thence
North eighty (80) chains; thence East eighty
(80) chains; thence South eighty (80)
chains; thence West eighty (80) chains to
point of commencement, containing 640 acres,
more or less.
Located the Twenty-ninth day of December,
February 25, 1916.
LACEY. Broker, of tht City of Vancouver,
B. C, intends to apply for permission to
prospect for Coal, Petroleum and Natural Gaj
under thc following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted at thc North-
West corner of Section Twenty-one (21).
Range Six (6) West, Block Four (4) N��r|ht
Group One (1) New Westminster District ��
thence North eighty (80) chains; thence-
East eighty (80) chains; thence South eighty
(SO) chains; thence West eighty (80) chains
to point of commencement, containing $4v"
acres, more or' less.
Located the Sixth day of January, 1916,
March 2nd, 191$.
rks B c   wherc B. C. Mines give up their wealth in the cause of the Allies
HOOPER, Broker, of the City of Vancouver,
B. C, intends to apply for permission to
prospect for Coal, Petroleum and Natural
Oas  under the  following  described  lands:
Commencing at a post planted at the South-
West corner of Section Three (3), Range
Six (6) West, Block Three (3) North, Group
One (1). New Westminster District; thence
North eighty (80) chains; thence West
eighty (80) chains; thence South eighty (80)
chains; thence East eighty (80) chains to
point of commencement, containing 640 acres,
more or less.
Located thc Twenty-ninth day of December,
February 25, 1916.
LACEY, Broker, of the City of Vancouver,
B. C, intends to apply for permission to
prospect for Coal, Petroleum and Natural Gas-
undcr thc  following   described  lands:
Comemncing at a post planted at the South-
East corner of Sec'ion Fifteen (15), Range
Six (6) West, Block Four (4) North, Group
One (1) New Westminster District; thence
North eighty (80) chains; thence West
eighty (80) chains; thence South eighty (80)
chains: thence East eighty (80) chains to
point of commencement, containing 640 acres,
more or less.
Located the Sixth dav of January, 1916.
March 2nd, 1916.
'  SEYMOUR 8550        %   \
WM   RENNIE Co., Limited
pWSwfflPfl^^ SIX
$15 Blue Serge
Spring Suits
FOUR SMART SPRING MODELS TO SELECT FROM. Fine, soft texture blue serge, guaranteed fast color.
of a great shortage in Men's Clothing fabrics existing today all over tlie world.
The same low price, $15 for a mighty good suit,
regardless of this great shortage caused by war���regardless of a sharp advance in prices all over this continent.
Two Money - Back Stores
Full of Spring Wearables for Men
33  and 47  HASTINGS  EAST
From Behind the Speaker's Chair In
ihe Local Legislature
s  a
In the past the SATURDAY CHINOOK
has gone out at One Dollar per year. War
conditions make it necessary to increase the
subscription rate from this date forward to
Two Dollars per year, delivered to your home
any place in the Province of British Columbia
or the Dominion of Canada.
Wednesday, March IS.���Pormal assent to the hill extending the life of
tin* present parliament to June 1, mi-
less si inner dissolved, was given by
the Lieutenant Governor, and thc excitement uver a technicality lias cooled down. Members seemed visibly
relieved and tonk tlieir places almost
light-heartedly. The debate on the
address was continued by Messrs.
Watson of Vancouver of Vancouver
and Lucas of Yale. The former referred somewhat feelingly to the
"massacre" in Vancouver and said
that anyone who went into politics
got all they deserved. As a chemist
he should have an acute mind for
analysis, but most people consider
that a good many people get much
more than they deserve. Mr. ;}. S.
Matson, for instance. Mr. Watson
also hoped the Dominion Trust lirat
ter was now dead���perhaps���but was
it not Shakespeare who said that "the
evil men do lives after them." After
repeating a good portion of the old,
old tale regarding the railways, he
gave place to Mr. Lucas, who spoke
on the industrial development of the
province in the pasf. He lived from
thc years 1901 to 1911. Presumably
he anticipates his political death in
19166. The house yawned. No progress.
Thursday, March 16.���Private Hill
to amend Vancouver charter introduced and read for first time. Or.
McGuire in speaking on the address,
endeavored to practise dentistry on
the opposition by drawing tlieir teeth
on the prohibition question. He found
fault with a conversation Mr. Macdonald, the Liberal member for Vancouver had with a newspaper representative. Xo sensible man can discover that Mr. Macdonald said anything more than that if parliament was
Trimmed Sailors at the
Price of
 I $5.00
OUR $5.00 HAT has been a particular feature
of our millinery department for many seasons,
but this season's values |-ut into insignificance
the offers of previous years. The hats are copies
of imported models���many of them are made in
our own millinery department, and are becomingly trimmed with flowers and large ribbon bows
���others are New York bats. Choice of large
and small shapes, of hemp, tagel, and satin and
straw combination. You'll get your Syring Hat
here, of course?
���Xew Millinery Department, Second Floor
These Splendid Suits
For Boys for
its as  (I
���and    v*_��*
���As smart a lot of su
one would wish to see   	
it's only because we bought
them at a bargain that we
can sell them for this small
jirice. Made in Norfolk
style, with bloomer knickers
in sizes to fit boys of 8 to
16 years. Choice of- plain
brown, and brown and black-
check tweeds. They are
strong and particularly adaptable  for school wear
Damask Sets
���This offer should literally cram our staple department���the value is unheard of, and it would
pay jobbcrs.and-storekeepers to buy them to sell
again. We bought them at a ridiculously low
price���and as we buy so we sell. The set comprises a table cloth and 12 napkins to match.
Guaranteed pure Irish linen, grass bleached, and
mostly double damask. If your linen stock is
getting depicted, stock up now���it vvill be many
years before you get a linen buying oportunity
like this again. Three size cloths to choose from
���2x2 yards, 2x2 1-2 yards and 2x3 yards���at these
price reductions:
$13.00 Sets for
$15.00 Sets for
$18.00 Sets for
$21.00 Sets for
$37.00 Sets for
. $8.50
$14.00 Sets for
$17.00 Sets for
$19.50 Sets for
$30.00 Sets for
$39.00 Sets for
. $9.00
Officers and Men are
���we have.what they need, in qualities to bc depended upon and quantities to meet all demands.
And our prices are right, as this partial list shows.
���in  correct  regulation,
at $1.50 to $3.75
Fox's spiral, regulation;
per pair   $2-25
Khaki colored, in mercerized and silk, with
hemstitched borders.
Prices from 2 for 25c
to, each   $1.00
four-in-hand style, in a
variety of silk and knitted effects.   Each 75^
���with     elastic    web,     in
Police    and    Tex    end
styles, 75c and . . -50<i
������of  military  wool,     in
grey and khaki, at    35c
to    75*
K    INCORPODATvn m-M *"��� ' #���*���=
not legally sitting and passed prohibition, the liquor men would naturally bring an action to show tbe bill
was illegal. Out of this sensible and
natural remark the Conservatives are
trying to insinuate that there is an
agreement between the Liberals and
the liquor interests and Dr. McGuire's
idea is to extract it painlessly. Mr.
Forstcr of Columbia, who followed,
was, as usual, most impartial. He is
really the only independent member
in the house. He railed at thc Conservatives for not inaugurating a land
policy and the Liberals for their supposed share in the "Crisis of B. C,"
and asked for constructive and not
destructive work.
Mr. W. -R. McLean of Nelson followed with ithe usual review of conditions and came out in favor of
building Wooden ships for the lumber
trade. As he apparently farms near
Nelson, he is naturally qualified to
know what is necessary for the shipping industry. He suggested himself
as a good minister of agriculture, stating that he "looked like a farmer."
That certainly . should be some recommendation to a business government. He was against prohibition as
archaic.    Nothing done.
! *  *  *
Friday, March 17.���Mr. William
Manson reviewed conditions. These
constant reviews are one of the penalties of politics. When will the members realise that reviewing, conditions
of previous years is not getting on
with the business of the province.
| Mr. Mackenzie of Delta tilted at Mr.
Oliver, who is not a member of the
bouse hut who, Mr. Mackenzie avers,
is the power behind the Liberal
throne. Mr. William Hunter of Slocan spoke on mining conditions and
at last, to the general relief, the premier moved the adjournment. Nothing done.
* * *
Monday, March 20.���The Legislature unanimously agreed to the request of Mr. Macdonald for a select
committee to inquire into the purchase of the Kitsilano Reserve. Something sensible done at last. In connection with the resolution, Premier
Bowser said that he courted the fullest inquiry.
In resuming the debate on thc address, Mr. L. W. Sbatford, of Similka-
mecn, urged that the mining industry
should bc encouraged and suggested
the installation of government owned
assay offices, and that the province
be divided into mining districts in
charge of competent engineers. He
also urged that the trans-provincial
highway be proceeded with. Mr.
Sbatford seems to bc a practical person. In closing he briefly stated his
reasons for supporting the government, which was nice of him.
��� The Premier then made a long
speech in defence of himself as the
government, but made no announcements of policy, lie said he was disappointed in Vancouver. Presumably
the disappointment is quite mutual,
lie paid a tribute to Sir Richard McBride and declared that the government was now inviting tenders for
$1,000,0(10 to start operations with the
Agricultural Credits Bill, which indicates that Mr. Lome CampbcM"s trip
to the cast failed in its main objective. He also said lhat later on lie
proposed fo make an announcement
with regard-to sbipbuildingn-rprabably
when he has decided that te Flumerfelt proposals are of no political
value, He quibbled over te sum issued and the sum guaranteed to the
Pacific Great Eastern and Peace River Railway project, saying that only
$18,000,000 was issued, although in answer to Mr. Brewster, the Liberal
leader, he admitted that the legislature had granted $30,000,000, which
included the Peace River extension.
He accused Mr. Macdonald of "showing the way out to the liquor men"
by his assertion that the house was
not legally qualified to do business
and thus proved his determination to
drag prohibition into the political arena. The house does not seem to expect any better of the Premier than
this sort of thing. It is extraordinary
that Mr. Bowser still thinks idiocy is
argument. He stated that the Liberals had been "knocking" the province, presumably because they criticised the administration, but admitted
that the government had been prodigal in some respects. If that is so, he
can hardly expect the electors to kill
the fatted calf over his accession to
the leadership. "Let us have courage
to face the future" he concluded, "and
all will be well." Very likely it will
be if Mr. Bowser will kindly get down
to business. Business done. Select
committee appointed to investigate
the Kitsilano deal.
Tuesday, March 21.���The lion.
Lome Campbell, Minister of Mines,
made his first speech as a minister.
He had just come back from the call
where he was sent by Mr. Bowser,
evidently to see whether be could get
any money at the six per cent which
Mr. Ilowser is so fond of quoting. He
���eema lo have failed as otherwise the
electorate may be sure such a success
(sic I would have been loudly proclaimed as proving the stability of the
province and the excellent credit it
enjoyed under the aegis of Mr. Bowser. Mr. Lome Campbell proved immediately that he found it extremely
difficult to raise any money for any
purpose in thc cast, lie blamed this
condition on the Liberals presumably
for having criticised the Conservative
administration for its extravagance,
and asked for detailed accounts. It is
a most extraordinary thing that a man
of Mr. Lome Campbell's presumed
business capabilities cannot Bee that
this accusation is a boomerang of a
very dangerous type. If this criticism was not well founded it would be
very easy for the government to prove
it to those interested in investing money here. Moreover it is well known
to evry business man that the failure
of the Dominion Trust Co. and thc
whole attitude of Mr. Bowser on that
occasion threw the credit of British
Columbia to the winds in the east and
iu the United Kingdom. The government is trying to throw dust in the
eyes of the electorate by continually
harping on the "knocking" to which
the province has been subjected. The
very worst advertisement for the province would bc the return of Premier
Bowser to power as it would show
that the electorate had as little sense
of its responsibilities to the investor
as he himself proved in his speech on
As Solomon says: "1 have been fascinated with awe into the mind ol
Macbeth, groaned with discarded
Wolsey and faced the night with puzzled  Hamlet.
And now���"in the sere and yellow
leaf���when I have to live mostly on
memories, what would I do without
the Philosophy of Jacques, the brighl
badinage of Mercutio, the woes oi
Lear, the glimpse of Heaven in the
Have you a  Shakespeare?
"What, no Shakespeare!"
Books are cheap now. Good paper,
clear print, good printing���a book is
a work of art. My first Sha'*eapeare.
bought over fifty years ago. cost-25
cents. I ate bread and apples ami
saved my lunch to buy it. The prim
was small and blurred, the paper thin
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ the book wretched, but I read it until
the Dominion Trust failure.    It is thejj- dropped to pieces and I've thankc.
premier  himself who  has "knocked" iftod for that book of Shakespeare ev
|the province and no one else. jery ,|ay 0f my )ffe|
Mr. Lome Campbell laid most necessary emphasis on  the necessity of
increasing the production of our me
tals. especially zinc and lead. But
he did not boldly state tliat capital
will come to help increase that production if it is assured of proper protection. He. knows it is thc politicians
pandering to the vote of every passing interest which have ruined the
country, and it was believed he was
big enough and independent enough
to say so. Thc credit of the province
has been'strained to the utmost by
the reckless railway legislation of
which so many members seem so
proud. What the investor desires to
perceive is a real determination on
the part of the province to become
business like and economical and not
to run to the east begging for money
on every possible occasion. As a business man's speech Mr. Campbell
was most disappointing. He might
have expected to lead not follow the
well-worn trail. Thus passes another
"dumed dull week."
Last Sunday I  heard a man, well
dressed,  apparently  educated,  say -
by   inference���that   Shakespeare   wa-
"not a book fit to read on Sunday!
Portia's speech on "Mercy" not fit
for Sunday!
Old Adam's words on tcniperanci
���not fit for Sunday! !
The lessons in honest government,
civic purity and pride, patriotism and
humanity not fit for Sunday! ! !
Shakespeare, the great poet of Humanity, not fit for Sunday! ! !
What Hypocrisy! What crass ignorance! I
Read Homer, Dante, Shakespeare.
They arc fit to read on Sunday���in
Heaven ��� and Heaven will not he
Heaven to mc if 1 do not meet them
says:   "Something
But as Hamlet
too much of this!"
But do let me
Write    to    Mr.
Men Dupes Ever!   Women Ever
Frivolous! !
Yes! I see you have started to
read this column. That head to it has
caught your eye. If I had started
by telling you the first line was by
Shakespeare, and that my desire was J
"to interest yon in Shakespeare," you f
would have turned to another page lo
read about "Spring Clothes" or "the
But I do want to interest you in
Shakespeare. We are about to commemorate thc Three Hundredth Anniversary of Shakespeare's death.
The. anniversary of his birth���and
Saint George's Day���for by a wonderful juxtaposition of dates all these
events can be commemorated together'.
Here are two > other facts which
should interest you!
Cervantes,     the    author    of   Don
Quixote,   died .on   the   same   day  as L
Michael Angelo, the great artist,
died in the year Shakespeare was
Vancouver will have a Shakespeare
Will you not have one for yourself?
You want to and ask "How shall 1
go about it?"
First���Read Shakespeare 1 If you
do not know Shakespeare you do not
know Human Nature I You have
starved your imagination! I Starved
your soul! I I And the soul must be
fed as well as the body.
. Do you remember what the poet
wrote? .
If you of worldly wealth
Should he bereft,
And but two loaves of bread
Be all that you have left.
Why then  sell���one
And with the dole
Buy Hyacinths
To feed your soul.
.Ycsl    your emotions, your-imagination must be fee'.
interest     you     in
^       Norman   Hawkins.
secretary of thc Shakespeare Committee,   Pacific  Building,  Vancouver.
Go   into     the     competition     with
Shakespearian essays.
Go to thc Shakespearian lectures.
Patronize the  Shakespearian plays
Send a packet of  flower seeds for
the Shakespearian garden.
DO SOMETH IXG to remember the
Tercentenary  by���You   will   wanfti
if���You only  READ Shakespeare.
Sou-Van Milk
Grandview and
Mt. Pleasant
In response to repeated requests,, we have now completed
arrangements and can serve the
residents of Grandview and Mt.
Pleasant with Sou-Van Milk.
Hundreds and hundreds of
South Vancouver residents are
enthusiastic users of this clean,
safe,'sanitary product���the demand has been remarkable during the past few months.
Make  full  enquiries.    Pay  a _
visit to our dairy���one  of the, l/^
most modern in British Colun.- ���
"bia���satisfy yourself.    We have
no  special  "show"  days���come
any time you wish.
Serve a fresh milk to members of your household, and a
safe milk to Baby ��� Sou-Van
Milk. Our phone number is
Fairmont 2624.
Milk Co.
29th and Fraser


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