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The Saturday Chinook Jan 1, 1916

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Vol. IV, No. 34���Established 1911
"The irut-li nt all tlmra flrmlr aUada
And assail from nirr (a axe rnilurr."
ARI BOO mining men assert that nothing thai ever
happened in the wild days of Alaska and the Yukon
in the way of claim jumping, when the rights of the
owners of claims were often ignored by thc politi-
ians, equals the grabbing by a Seattle man of one ol the
riggest hydraulic gold mines in tlie world, the Bullion mine
,it Quesnel Porks, B.C., owned by R. 1'- Ward. wh.. has
��� perated in the Cariboo District for the past forty-four
Mr. Ward has spent thousands of dollars in a fight for
Lis rights at Quesnel Forks, and it is asserted he has been
relentlessly opposed by the officials of lhe Mines Department of the Government.
Because Mr. Ward is alleged by the Guvernineni to have
'ecu ill arrears two years in the sum of two hundred dol-
lars, the amount of a  Free  Miners'  License, the Govern-!
ment  of   British  Columbia  have   dispossessed   him   of  a j
property said  to he worth millions, a property regarded
y  mining  nun   as   one  of  the   biggest   hydraulic   milting
concents on the American continent and one of the richest
i explored in the famous Caribi o district.
A  letter  from   the  Government  definitely  stating that
Mr.  Ward  is  t"  he  dispossessed  of his  property,  reached
lhe veteran mining man on Tuesday of thi? week.   A sin-
ister beginning lo the mining programme which the Premier declares is about to he undertaken in liritish Columbia has been made if the claims of Mr. Ward can he Mill-'
The story of the Bullion Mine is known heller in Xew
York than in Vancouver! li has received ihe attention of
mining and technical journals in all tiie large cities during
icrty was first taken I
fl.OCO developing  thc j
o Gold Mining Coin-
riginaL company wa-,
men! and has rights
concerns in the pro-!
the past two years.    Briefly, the pr
up by lhe C.  I'.  R., wh > spent $4,1
mine, and passed il over L. the (.'aril
pany, a Guggenheim concern.   The
incorporated by  special act of pari
and privileges enjoyed by    few minj
vinee.   Under lhe charier ii was not necessary to take out
voir hy year tlie usual  Free Miners,'  License,    ll was not
necessary in the days of the Guggenheims, i
i the C. P. R. people.   Nor was ii jiecessar;
1.  1913, when   R.   D.  Ward and associates t
after first fir.ling thai the Guggenheims w.
liver as good ;. title as the Govemmeut can give.
Some days after Mr. Ward bought the Bullio!
in tile days
X .\ ember
aide te
m Mine,
Seattle, went t
ne  at  each  ell
certain man blew into tin- country fron
jiu-ucl  Forks and planted  four stakes
.' the  Bullion property.
The C. I'. R; had pm in Sl.i .':.!.. .1 int. tlii.s rich placer
concern, which yielded her a thousand dollars in gold every
day when she was working full capacity.
Guggenheims had spent snme $2,000,000 on tiie property.
Price Five Cents
MR. BOWSER, THE new Premier, has gone to the hills
at Kamloops, where he will recuperate after a rather strenuous winter at the Capital. His overthrow of the one
lime idol of Hritish Columbia is entirely due to the Bowser
efficiency. We understand tllat Mr. Bowser doesn't smoke
and doesn't drink and usually retires early.
I often   conquered  by  disease.    Hay   Fever  had  him  on   hi.s
'back last Fall.    Worst enemies will trust that the reason
if Mr. B..��ser's visit t-. Kamloops if not of a pulmonary
"YOU CANNOT INDICT a whole nation," said Edmund
Burke. But you can indict a police force. For instance,
in South Vancouver the MAD MULLAH said the other
night that thc police force "couldn't arrest a flea."
*     ��     *
Till-. MAD MULLAH oughl b* now to be a good judge
of police forces.
��     *    *
WHETHER Till'. NEIGHBORING police force could
or could not arrest a flea, the best of us, if we had a chance
would flee from the police.
WE HEREBY CALL upon Mr. Thomas Kidd, of Lulu
Island, to communicate with Mr. J. I,. Pridham, of Kelowna. Mr. Pridham is the secretary of tin- British Columbia
Agricultural Organization Association. Mr. Pridham wishes t" gel in touch with all iln- leading farmers on thc
:oasl who are interested in putting the industry in this
Province on a better basis Mr. Kidd knows all th. farmers on Lulu Island ami tin- Fraser Valley, and his ser-
vices would l.e invaluable to the organization which has
been started al Kelowna.
IX WARD SIX there :-~ a popular man in thi   ra.ci
���   ol   Mderman Gale, who ha- sei n<   year
city council.    Mderman Gale is one -    the 3   in ger
J lhe public life of the cily.    ile was ihc first man I-
a move towards ha,ing the Greal Northern Railwa)
..nt its contract with the city.    Ile stan
  _t making  the
Canadian Northern Railway always 1   me up to ihe scratch.
OMEWHAT ..ver a year ago. as president of the Can*
idian Patriotic Fund, I made an appeal to the people
if the   Dominion  for funds  to assist   the   families' o
the gallant men who were going to the front. Tip.ugh
anticipating'a generous response,  I  was hardly prepared
R. 1). Ward and his associates. Vancouver and Victoria for the magnificent manner in which the call was met.
���people, paid a greal sum for the mine, figuring lhal the Monies have poured into lhe treasury oi the Fund until
value would enhance with improved transportation facili- the total contributions have reached and exceeded si\
ties in tllat district. million dollars.
The Seattle chap put up four stakes. Large, however, as this sum appears, it has npt greatly
Now Premier Bowser says lhat the property goes to the'exceeded current demands, and. if peace were declared in
Seattle man. Ile has written a short letter to that effect the immediate future, the entire surplus on hand would lie
t ��� Mr. Ward. I le tells Mr, Ward that if he is "dissatisfied : required before all lhe men of the Expeditionary Force
with it'  to go to tlie blazes or the law courts. I could again return home.
Mr. Ward hari bad legal advice from leading lawyers In j Today there are 25,000 families, comprising, il is esti-
Vancouver oi all parties and affiliations. Ile has been mated, 80,000 individuals, dependent upon the Patriotic
t di! that he is being robbed and lhat lhe Government is | Fund.
in  to aid  and  abet   in  putting  through  a  clean,   complete!     With   further   recruiting   the   demands   upon   tin    Fund
frame-up. I will, with each sneceeding month, continue  i" grow, so
This big hydraulic mine has been tied up for two years 1 lhal il is estimated that, should the War continue during
wing P. the friendliness of the Government to the Seattle
man. Many limes bas Mr. Ward been before the Executive Council, but each time Ile has been put off.
The company had a regular little town built up al (Jucs-
nel Forks Iwo years ago. Two hundred men lived there
a'lilthc place was busy and everyone was prosperous,
When Ward look the property over Ihe Bullion yielded
$1,000 every day and many a pack of pure gold went out
1 the camp, over the Cariboo road to Asltcroft.
But the claim jumper came in, and on what is merely
alleged lo be a technicality, has stopped work on this property and imw has taken it over himself and in him has
"been vested the wealth for which men have paid millions
���with the aid, it is charged, of Government officials.
The attention of the SATURDAY CHINOOK to this
-unusual case was drawn by an article which appeared recently; in the MINING AND SCIENTIFIC PRESS. Mining and technical journals of New York, Chicago, Boston,
San Krancisco and London have devoted a great deal of
space tn presenting the facts regarding the Bullion Mine,
'he Government's decision, if the claims of Mr. Ward
are correct, deals a death blow to the hope of bringing in
'Utside capital fur the development ol" British Columbia
mineral. For if thc Bullion case may be taken as an ex-
''inple, it would appear that Mexico offers as much security
t 1 the outside mining investor as dues British Columbia.
ONE man has written to the    SATURDAY    CHINOOK to say that there are too many Liberal
candidates throughout tbe  Province who are lawyers.    He  declares  there  are ten  Liberal  lawyers
aiming  the   Provincial  candidates  and  that* consequently
he is going to vote for Mr. Bowser.
Hnw ridiculous!
While it has been stated that there are ten Liberal lawyers among the forty-two candidates, wc have been able
to find only eight active lawyers.
�� Whatdo \v-p fijid> among, the Conservatives? '
Eight. Tory lawyers all active.      ^;    .      ' '
Mr. Bowser heads the list of tbe Conservative lawyers
followed by YV. R. Ross. The Conservatives have a formidable, .line-up of agents of one kind or another.
But if we bad only the professional callings of thc Liberal and Conservative candidates to go upon, it would be
about six of one and half a dozen of the other.
1916, a sum amounting to some $8,000,000 ami probably
more will he required, This would, however, only mean
$1 per head of the population for the people of Canada,
and it is little indeed to ask those who remain al home in
comparison with lhe sacrifice in life and limb nf those
who arc lighting in defence of lhe  Nation.
In spite of all the various calls lhat have been made for
funds to aid our soldiers and sailors and the magnificent
response tllat has been made in each and every case I
still feel assured thai lhe warm hearts of all Canadians will
respond to this further appeal to enable the Patriotic Fund
to continue its splendid work during 1916 and take care of
the families of those who are fighting for their Sovereign.
the Empire, and the Dominion, on the battle-fields of
Europe and on the High Seas.
(Signed!      ARTHUR.
President,  Canadian  Patriotic   Fund.
Government House, Ottawa. 1st January, 1916.
throughout' tiie  country  various  communities   generously]
subscribe.i   to   funds  for  this  object,     During   my  absence I
in   Greal    llritain   my   colleagues   endeavored   lo   make   it j
'.-} clear, to the people that an ample supply of machine guns!
had been ordered and that these would be paid out of the
Canadian   > reasurv.   The Treasury of Canada ought properly to hear all the cost of equipping and maintaining our
���forces in  tiie  field, and that has been our policy.    X'ever-
theless, the spirit and impulse which prompted our people
could  not  be   stayed,  and,  indeed,  any  attempt to  stay  it
would: have   been   misunderstood.    Up   l"   date   the  sums
thus received by the Government amount to $77.1,327.055.
"In dealing with Other needs which will certainly arise,
the Government will not fail to remember that these generous and freewill contributions have been made. And in
all your splendid generosity, do not forget the Patriotic
Fund and the Canadian Red Cross Society. They have
done a great work, bin they have a still greater work p.
'to. Appeals which assuredly will not fall on dial cars
must be made in thc early future. Sec that the response is
generous and ample.    When you are making provision for
the Candaian Patriotic Fund, the Canadian Red Ctobs So-
ciety, the Canadian War Contingent Association and other
like patriotic organizations, you may be assured that the
Government will not fail to make every necessary provision for guns, munitions and equipments,"
*    *    ��
FTER the very definite, almost emphatic statement
of the Prime Minister, at St. John, N. B��� on October 20, no further money should be diverted from
the Patriotic Fund by well meaning but rather
thoughtless people who claim that the equipment of the
Canadian forces is insufficient. Sir Robert has made it
very plain that the Government is fully prepared to make
every necessary provision for guns, munitions and equip*:
ments and be appeals to the generosity of the public only
011 behalf of the Canadian Patriotic Fund, tbe Red Cross
Society and sister associations. We quote below an extract from the speech iu question:���
"Regarding machine guns, we realized early in the War
the necessity of an abundant supply, and orders have been
given from time to time for a very large number. Those
ordered during the first twelve months of the War are
now being rapidly delivered, and they are more than sufficient to equip two full army corps up to the highest
Standard otitic enemy's fyrees. During tlijb p'jist summer
the provision of machine guns be'eame a matter of vital
interest to tbe Canadian people, as reports through the
press emphasized the necessity that our forces should
be adequately supplied with _all ���thc macjiine guiy* that
could be utilized. Patriotic individuals offered to contribute large sum.'i for this distinctive purpose. The Government of Ontario made a similar patriotic proposal, and
ONE OF Till', oldest printers in Vancouver is Mr  John
Bedford. 11.17 Bute Street.    Thirty years ago he       adc up"
a publication in   Boston.  Mass.. OIK  DUMB   VNlMALS,
issued  monthly   in   the  cause  of   prevention  of  cruelty   to
animals.     The   owner  iu   those   days   was   Mr.   George   T. 1
Angell.     Mr.   Angell still edits OUR   DUMB   ANIMALS.1
the "make-up"  of  which  has not  changed  since   Mr.   Bedford's day.    When   Mr.  Bedford  paid a  visit  t" ..ur office!
the other day. he saw a copy of the Boston magazine upon j
the   editorial   desk   and   one   almost   imagined   that   tears |
came to bis eyes as he embraced his meal ticket of thirty
years ago.
Alderman Malcolm McBeath, the People's Candidate
ALDERM \X GALE U> DERTi lOK to have tlie cost of
living in Vancouver investigated by a commission to be
appointed by the council, wh., might enquire in'" the cost
of fuel, lighl, power and trails],, .nation. assaafl
Till-'. COUNCIL TURNED him down on ihis subject because a number of the members declared thai the cost of
coa' and light was low  enough in Vancouver.
ALDERMAN GALE was instrumental in bringing about
the elimination of eight aldermen from the city council,
an act which will bulk large in his favor on lhe Day of
Judgment.   Posterity will remember Gale for this splendid
��     ��     ��
ALDERMAN GALE introduced .1 resolution during the
year which had I'm iis objeel the abolition of all alder-
manic salaries, For a short Inn.' after this resolution was
introduced, Alderman Gale wa- given ihe cold shoulder
b) many of hi- colleagues,
III'', WASN'T SUCCESSFUL in abolishing the salaries,
bin was successful in cutting down the aldcrmauic stipend
bj  forty per cent,    Alderman Gale is a hustler and a worker, has outstanding ability and .1 8 I presence.
MAYOR TAYLOR IS going to run for the Legislature,
fine thing about running for lhe Legislature is that the
Taylor enemies will be foiled mi the property disqualification stunt.
* ��    *
FOR MANY YEARS Mayor Taylor occupied the office in
which this line is being written. Had he not moved from
l**r**��.>tft�� .Highest B.iji-tbe-rK-Gr, he would tt**wdMfdly
still be in possession of the Vancouver WORLD.
��    *    ��
WF. UNDERSTAND THAT Mayor Taylor paid $L00O
a month for the premises now occupied hy the SATURDAY CHINOOK. Rents in this district have come down
slightly since those days.
* ��    ��
HENRY FORD LANDED at Christiana. So did Doc
��    ��    ��
BUT THE DOC got a better reception than Henry Ford.
* *    *
SIXTY MILLION PEOPLE in the United Statess-two-
thirds 1 it' tbe entire population of the United States���-live
in the dry belt.    Nineteen States.show all for Prohibition.
* *    ��
TOMORROW MORNING THERE will be many headaches throughout the state oi" Washington, and water, will
get a harder run for its money than ever I in- the history
of the State. It would not surprise if the people of Seattle,
thc morning after putting J. B. on his back, emptied the
entire city waterworks. ��� "     '.'��� ' ��� mm
I&ftorfal ��pinion*
It is smile satisfaction to know that we are going to
have a ������business" administration. Here we have been electing men to the legislature and didn't know they weren't
business men. Before being elected a number of those fellows actually made a very good living in business. Here
are .a few within shouting distance: Bill Hunter. Billy McLean, Tom Cavan, John Robert Jackson, W. T. Shatford,
Jim Schoefield, and Xeil I'. MacKay and Ernie Miller, the
latter two being lawyers, might possibly be otherwise enumerated without injurv to the business interests of the
province. These are just a few of the members of the legislature who made money in business and lost some of It
in politics. Perhaps true business acumen consists in the
ability to make money in politics and not invest it in business.���Slocan Record.
Drinking of alcohol hy the working classes in our cities
is on the wane.
Authority for the statement is Dr. John D. Quaekeiibos.
president emeritus of Columbia university, who gives the
creibt to the moving picture theatres.
In the early days of the "movie" this column welcomed
it to a place in the community with the suggestion that its
effect could be exactly that which Dr. Quaekeiibos has
found to be a reality.
The man who formerly spent his time at night in a saloon, now seeks the picture play.
The barroom door at the "Ladies Entrance" does not
swing as frequently for young girlr,, many of whom', unfortunately, yielded to the bright lights because there was
no other place their young men could take them���to bear
their young men tell it.
These girls can tell their young men now that they can
take them to a "movie."
Or they can go alone, in perfect safety, to worship their
screen idols.
Well may we endorse the moving picture theatre for
standing as a substitute for the saloon and the drinking
rooms for women.
Well may we endorse it as a safety zone for the girl
who works and occupies a cheerless room for her home
and whose evenings are lonely���whose lonely evenings
have so often driven her out into bad company, to the
drinking room and to her downfall.
However, there is another side to this matter, which
takes from the moving picture theatre none of thc credit
that is due it, but which shows that the "movies" could
not have come along at a better time than they did to find
a welcome and gather in the nickels. Society has made a
place for them.
It wasn't so very long after the movie was introduced
to us that there came over the land a wave of reform
which began wiping out saloons entirely iu smite sections,
and making it very undesirable to be found going into
one even in sections where the saloon had not as yet felt
the wave of reform.
Big corporations began firing out their men who drank
anil* filling their places with men who did not drink, and
the man who frequented saloons was getting to be pretty
Unpopular at just about the time a "movie" sign suggested
a warm and a better place for him to be hanging out,
across the street or further down the block.
When Michigan has been voted dry, which is inevitable,
and when the nation has been voted dry, which is inevitable, the moving picture theatre will not he entitled lo all
the credit for the two facts, but it will have played its
PART and played it well.
We will have it to thank for breaking up the crowd lhat
used to be found every night at "the place mi the corner,"
and  for having thus impaired the barkeep's organization.
The rummies cannol take "the boys" around to the voting booth with the old-time regularity, for it is too often
the fact that "the boys" an- over at the "movie" show.
And having won the hoys out of a bad environment,
let's make good and sure iu thc making of our laws and
in the choice of our public officials, that the "movie" is
kept clean, so that it will not degenerate into an influence
for evil, but will be sustained as an influence fur good such
as it has helped lo already.��� Detroit Times.
j. d. McNeill
Conservatives generally will regret tbe retirement of
Sir Richard McBride from the leadership of the party in
British Columbia. He may not have suited all his followers, could any one? He "did things." He may have made
mistakes, but he was moving all thc time. It will take a
quarter of a century to prove whether his railway policy
was a wise one or not; whether or not the natural resources of the province would justify the expenditures on
railways. When the writer came to B. C. about thirty
years ago there were only a few villages in the province,
witli the exception of Victoria, Nanaimo and New Westminster. The residents of the interior���part white and part
brown���pointed with pride to their two great industries
���bunch grass and the Cariboo road. They cursed railroads and' Canadians. The province has advanced somewhat since then, There are railroads, and manufactories,
and mines, and orchards, and cities. Even Victoria has five
timse the population it then had. It may be possible that
Sir Richard was right when he planned for an empire;
time will tell. However, he wasn't a chubber, as many of
his predecessors in the office of premier were.���Slocan
Bella Coola farmers are interested in a co-operative
plan to finance a land clearing undertaking. It is proposed to raise the sum of $3IKI() from the farmers and purchase a necessary donkey engine and gear.for the purpose
of stripping the land of its giant stumps preparatory to
farming on a larger scale. It is thought that such an
outfit will clear up about five acres a week.���Omineca
Elbert Hubbard
(Peace to His Ashes)
Was The
Greatest Printer
Of His Time
In America
Last session the legislature passed an agricultural ci edits act and a wokman's compensation act. They were
based upon the reports of two royal commissions, one of
which toured the continent while the other toured the
world. They cost us about $40,(X)t) each Incidentally
they violated the constitution, bul "what's the constitution between friends" anyway? Attached to both of these
measures was an unbreakable string. Unlike most acts,
they were not to go into operation when the Lieutenant-
Governor signed them; they were to be enforced only at
such time as the licUtenant-governor-in-eouncil, which is
the cabinet, may decide. The McBride government had no
more intention of putting those measures into force than
the Bowser government-has now. But an election had
been practically decided upon for the spring and the legislation was regarded as an excellent device for gaining political capital. Mr. Bowser is going to try thc same game.
A second royal commission on labor was appointed a few
' months ago to tour the continent to see if the first commission had its facts right, and on the strength of its report thc act will be amended and adopted with another
string long enough to suspend it until after thc election
determined upon for next spring. It is too late to appoint
another royal commission on agriculture to see of the first
one overlooked anything, but it is certain that as long as
Mr. Bowser is in office that legislation never will be put
into operation. Such operation would require the ending
of land speculation and the collection of the fifteen million
or twenty million dollars owed the treasury, which, while
it would benefit the province, would not be agreeable to
Mr., Bowser's political or professional affiliations.���Victoria Daily Times.
And now, it may bc asked, since the proposal before us
on rural credits and on marketing are adaptations of systems in operation in Germany, bow docs it happen tliat
tbe German farmers in pioneering the way were so much
brighter than the American farmers? says David Lubin,
delegate of the United States to the International Insti
tute of Agriculture.
The fact is that the German farmers, originally were
not brighter than the American farmers; in fact, they were
not nearly as bright. It is only now when they are operating under their effective economic systems that thc German farmers have become bright, as bright as the American farmers, and very much brighter. In fact, they have
become the brightest farmers in all the world and because this happens to he the case, let it be noted, it has
rendered Germany strong among the great powers of the
But we have nut yet been told how the potential brightness of the German farmers became materialized into
actual brightness. Was it then the German farmers who
invented and devised' these effective economic systems
and obtained their legislative enactment?
No, it was not. They were devised and given legislative
enactment by the government. Why by tlie government?
Because it is a well known faet tliat farmers, as a result
of their environment, are too conservative to devise systems or to pioneer the way for the adoption of changes
in mode or method. The farmers the world over are the
last to make changes iu their style of garments, their
mode of speech or their opinions. No, the German farmers
devised m- such systems, nor did they pioneer the way
for iheir adoption,
They were devised and adopted for them by the power
and far-seeing wisdom of their autocratic government,
The rulers of Germany foresaw the tendency which thc
rising tide of socialism promised to lead up to; the socialism which was confined mainly to the urban population���to its cities: the socialism that threatened the destruction of their political status quo. Tbe government,
therefore, sought a method for the control or eradication
of this socialism, and it believed that the method could be.
found in the strengthening of its conservative element���its
farming population.
Under the belief that with the reinforcement of sufficient
strength the conservative farmers would prove more than
a match for the control of the socialist radical of the
cities, the ruling power of Germany devised and enacted
into law the economic systems of rural credits and marketing now operating there. Experience has since proven
that thc rulers of Germany were in the right, for not
alone docs the present advantageous economic status of
the German farmer, under these systems, hold in check
the socialism and radicalism of the German cities, but it
has also so strengthened Germany as to render her almost
invulnerable and invincible.
The economic and political advantages of the German
systems of rural credits and marketing are so evident as
to justify the prompt and well directed efforts of American
farmers for their realization.���The Great Divide.
The alcoholic Subject and the tubercular subject are
both the products of society, differing only in the faet that
the alcoholic subject is responsible for his own individual
Thc tubercular subject is not blameable to this extent.
If he has contributed toward his condition it is because
of ignorance, while there is no such excuse tn be made for
the victim of alcohol.
Furthermore, the alcoholic's case is not a CONTAGIOUS one.
The case of the tuberculosis victim IS .contagious, and
it is the duty of the state toward thc other convicts ih a
prison to provide for its segregation.���Exchange.
He declared that printing was the craft of kings, and his printing establishment at the village of East Aurora was named Roy-
croft���meaning really "Kingscraft."
at 426 Homer Street
Stands out among British Columbia printeries as the famous
plant at East Aurora stands out among its neighbors.
Many read the SATURDAY CHINOOK and overlook thd
fact that the people who print the paper carry on a general printing
and publishing business.
CHINOOK PRINTING HOUSE is located in the heart of
this big city. We always hold our customers and are always on
the outlook for new business.
CHINOOK PRINTING HOUSE has special equipment for
the following work:���
Weekly and Monthly Periodicals ;
Legal work of all kinds;
Municipal Forms and Books:
Annual Statements;
Bills, Dodgers  and  Posters
of all kinds, etc., etc.
CHINOOK PRINTING HOUSE has quality and price to
offer the many candidates for municipal positions who are in this
season issuing election cards.
426 Homer St.
Printing House
Seymour 470 SATURDAY, JANUARY  1, .1916
Trust Company Charges
Charges for Trust Company service are usually the same as
would be allowed for similar service by an individual. They are
never more. Trust Company service excels that rendered by individuals, not in expense, but in effectiveness.
North West Trust Company. Limited
J&JJ. Morgan, I'rcs.
Phone Seymour 7467
��� 'SPi^v'-'r-.v:
Bond Investments
iCaiitj HauH flag?
Those  having funds available  will  find  our list of  Municipal
Securities  a  guide  to  safe  investment.     We  offer   a   variety   of
thoroughly  safe-guarded  bond  issues  sold  to net f></2 per cent,  to
7.1-8, being a charge on all properties within each respective tnuni-
I     cipality.   Consult our Bond Dent, by mail or in person.
Canadian Financiers Trust Company
���     Head Office: 839 Hastings Street West. Vancouver, B. C.
P. Donnelly, General Manager.
���iHT Cut Freight Rates -wa
Household Goods packed and shipped to all parts of the world at a saving to
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Phone: Seymour 7360 Office: 857 BEATTY ST.
wiwiffi'i'ift  "' ii' .<���������' .iii''*1:'"1-"-'-.- ���'J ���:���-���':.
The Telephone Will
Take You Quickly
The telephone is. the short cut.    It will take you anywhere, in a moment.
./I     '
Whether the objective point is in town, in the province,
or anywhere along the coast, it's all the same.
Every telephone is a long distance telephone, and one
place is as near as another.
Day or night, any kind of weather, the telephone is
always in service.
Who dares to say that we of Vancouver,   al    least,   did   not   receive   a
Christmas gift straight from the hands
of nature, and that il was one of the
rarest things oil earth. It wa- a gift
which wc all could share, and no one
received more of it than anyone else.
More than that, ii was something
none of us will soon forget.
The sun rose slowly out of its eastern bed on Christmas morning, and as
it caught sight of our part of the
world, it seemed t-. reach out eagerly
and lay long, golden fingers on our
mountain!. Tin recent rain, had
II washed us at sea level, clean, and had
at the same tirhc put spotless robes
on Ihe eternal-hills. It was no mere
nightcap, but wonderful trailing robes
that almost swept thc sea and just
(| missed North Vancouver hy a margin.
Snow, snow, snow as far as a peak
could bc seen, was the heavenly, chilly
ami yet marvellously beautiful stuff.
It piled on all the high spots and feathered the low places, till in looking at
and wondering over il. one almost
forgot all about one's Christmas
stocking. Every big beauty drew its
ermine cloak close about it as the
sun swept warm and amorous fingers
around their heads, then drew them
slowly downward. Thi- most exquisite blush spread over each wonder mountain at the Christmas kiss
of the sun, then all too .piickly turned
to pale gold, and then to silver.
After that as always happens, each
j mountain threw a beautiful clotld-veil
around its head and shoulders, and
only peeped "in at us at intervals.
Toward noon, however, modesty and
excltisiy.eness was thrown to the happy west wind, and each bit of Cod-
made wonder stood "in in all its noonday splendor, with only an occasional
one having dropped it> veil to its
I'll I.ynn Valley waj ii seemed as
though all the "veils" had beeii tossed
for safe keeping. At any rate, they
drifted about there all afternoon,
swaying gently and bumping'against
the huge sides of the mountains from
time to time.
All day long those mountains were
a general subject for conversation,
discussion, wonderment and joy, Xo
one seemed to have missed seeing
them, and to have them come on
Christmas morn, dressed in their best,
undoubtedly added to the happiness of
the day. Because you know, your
Vancoitverite is never really happy unless his owii Vancouver mountains are
visible. That is why we who live
beside Stanley Park and almost in the
j shadow of the I.ions, feel mori than
satisfied with our Christinas, because
on thai day we had our mountains
with us every moment, and Ihey were
dressed as w'e have seldom seen them,
furthermore, thej made ever changing pictures all day long, which few
of  us   will  ever  forget.
The other message reads:
We shall be glad if you will be kind
endugl io help on October 2'-t ("Our
I lay' in making kn iwn in your c -I-
iimn- io afl those throughout the Empire who have now worked for twelve|
tn. nit I- - under the Joint Committee of
the British Ked Cros. Society and tiie
Order of St. John, how- grateful we
are tor their unselfish labors, which
alone have enabled the Joint Societies
to carry on their work for-the sick and
wounded   soldiers  and  sailors  of  the
' British  and  Allied  forces.
\\ c enter today upon a new year ol
the Joint Societies' work, and we feel
sure that the assistance so generously
given iii the past, both in money and
goods,   and   in   personal   service,   will
lhe continued in the same unstinted
manner until the war is brought to a
successful conclusion, .'.nd our immediate task of ministering to thc
sick   and   wounded   is   happily   at   an
j end.
The  more  one  thinks  about   it  the
'more   complicated   it   becomes.   When
the  good  ship  "Maine" at anchor in
Havana harbor suddenly blew up from
i its   inside   out.   there   was   scarcely   a
moment's   delay   before   the     United
States eagle  had poor  little down-at-
ithe-heel   Spain,   with   no   fight   iu   it.
I by   the   throat.       Soldier   boys   from
j Maine to Washington! from California
||o   Florida,  grabbed  a   gun   and   went
���out  to fight.    There was no end of a
row    in   the   twinkling   of   a   nation's
I eyelid.     The   eagle   forgot    its   pride
and  fought���or perhaps  it  fought because of its pride.    At any rate. Spain
; wasn't  allowed  t"  have   more   than  a
gasp or two. before Cuba and the I'hil-
jlipines were snatched out of its hands.
At any rate, thi- New Year can
surely nut do worse for us than the
old one has done, and it may do a
great tie:ij better. In the meantime,
it is for ynu and I to think, talk and
hope for peace. Here's to a peaceful
New  year.
and il realized tllat it had been fought
^'^ :'vivi :.v,:-     ::,^-:,:.'V:;-- .:���:--;���:���.;- ,_:
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1935-2nd AVE. WEST
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jj      PHONE 9570 1083 MAIN STREET    ||
Thai world's standard newspaper,
"The Times" of London, England, issued iu Oetober a Red Cross le
ment which is now being re ��� ed
here. Among other it! tcrcstiiijj ions
arc two royal messages, one from
King George, iln- other a joini message from Queen Mary and Queen
Alexandra. The first one reads as
My Dear Stanley,
I am commanded by tin King to
forward to you the accompanying
cheque for five thousand pounds as a
further donation from His Majesty to
the funds of the Hritish Ked Cross
Society and the Order of St. John of
Ever since the beginning of the war
the King has followed with interest
and satisfaction the splendid work
jointly achieved by the two organizations.
His Majesty and his people recognize the relief and alleviation of suffering which has been so promptly
rendered to the sick and wounded in
the different theatres of war by the
capable staff and the medical and surgical appliances provided by thc two
It has been specially gratifying to
the King to hear from the lips of
many wounded soldiers testimony to
the tender and devoted care bestowed
upon them by physicians, surgeons
and nurses of the Red Cross and St.
John of Jerusalem, and to the splendid
work done by the Ambulances of the
two Societies.
His   Majesty   earnestly   trusts   that
lhe necessary means may be assured
for the successful continuance of your
noble work of mercy.
Believe inc.
Yours very truly.
V. E. (',. rOXSON'UY.
Keeper of the Privy Purse.
Sent to tlie  Hon. Arthur Stanley.
M.V.O..  M.P.
I with and beaten���at least to the satis-
I faction of the outraged eagle. One
perfectly good battleship and a certain number of men was quite sufficient excuse for the' middle slice of
the American continent to become excited about and knock- off a piece of
the  south-west  corner of  Europe.
That  was eighteen years ago.
Today the eagle sits on its perch
and views with something approaching nonchalance the destruction of its
own property, and. .the life .of' its
people, to an amazing degree, and
scarcely stirs a feather. Its tail feathers are pulled, its bill tweaked, its
toes chopped at: many of its breast
feathers have been plucked out, and
though at times it evidently does not
know whether it is coming or going,
the only thing it does is write notes
in the sands of time, which the n-xt
tide of injury wipes out
Years ago it could and did pounce
upon little, ohl. almost defenceless
Spain, because il thought that Spain
bad destroyed some of the eagle's I
property. The world at thai time,
said. "Wait, perhaps il was no fault
of Spain's," but no, il,,- eagle hum
have revenger���ami gal ii.
That  attitude  in  contrast   with to-J
day's is amazing.   Jusl how the eagle
can reconcile Ihe tw i is a puzzle,    To
fight  for one  offense   an '  to ii"i go;
beyond pen and ink when there is real:
lighting to be done, because of every I
possible insult, to say nothing of helping  to establish righl  in thc world's
civilization,   will   form   one    of    ihc;
] queerest kinds of a nation that history
I will have had yet to record.
Well, it is to be a New Near is it
not? Just as new as time can hand
to earth's people, and it is as full of
possibilities as any other Xew Year
ever was. perhaps more so. It has every opportunity to turn this present
day world from a near-to-iriferno back
to the happy-go-lucky little jog-trot
it was experiencing two years ago.
A new year is always a problem,
and yet tbe days slide from old to
new without any perceptible jerk of
cogs. If the calendar did not tell us
it was a new year, we would never
know that anything so important had
Here in Vancouver we expect to
get a new mayor, one that has never
worn our much discussed gold chain
before. And rumor says that many
new faces in the aldertnanic line may
be expected. W'e already have a new
premier for the province, and supposedly a new Agent-General who will
represent ns in London. There is little old stock about us just now, that
is if one looks from the outside in.
and docs not know the real facts of
the  matter.
With everything new except the
war, wc seem to have a fair chance.
If the Kaiser would only seek a new-
home away from thc earth, the new-
year of HMO would smooth out most
of the wrinkles on this old earth's
face and put on it a smile that will
remain���for a century at least.
"A man in your business can't get
home very often?" asked the curious
gentleman of the commercial traveller.
"Home, sir'-" replied the commercial. "I should think not! Why, I
get home so seldom that half the time
I can't remember where I live, and
have to wire the firm for my address!"
"You don't say so!"
"Yes." went oil the traveller, warming up to his work: "its perfectly
true. 1 )ne time I was away so long
that I actually forgot I wat> 111; rricd,
and. taking a fancy to a girl I met in
a strange town. I eloped with her!"
"My goodness!" gasped the other.
"It might lime been awkward for
tne," the traveller said thoughtfully;
"but when we called on the firm during our honeymoon the boss told me
she was my wife already."
Bilson is rather stout, line morning he was puffing and panting wildly in a terrific rush to catch a train,
when  Jones,  a   friend,   hailed  him, "���
"Hallo. Bilson! In a hurry? Going
Bilson hadn't breath to spare for a
reply, bin he determined on a grand
About one o'clock next morning
Jones' telephone bell rang wildly,
waking the Jones family from end to
end. Amid an outburst of baby's
cries and mother's anxious enquiries,
Jones answered the call.
"That you. Jones?" came a voice
over tbe wire.   "This is  Itillson."
"Yes," replied Jones, rather crossly,
"what d'yoti want? I've been in bed
these two hours!''
"Sorry." came the reply, "but do
you remember seeing me running the
other morning���eh? Yes? Well. I
was going somewhere, and I was in a
hurry.    That's all.    Good-night!"
,:���   *   *
A beautiful young lady approached
the ticket window at a Pennsylvania
country station and in a voice like
the rippling of a brook asked the agent: "What is the fair to the fair?"
To which lhe thick-headed agetr replied: "Same as to tbe homely, 'a-
* * *
"Ah. Miss Brown���Gwendolenc, at
last we are alone!" sighed the young
man ecstatically. "Long have I waited for this chance."
Phone Seymour 9086
Is Your  Home
Insured ?
We write Fire Insurance in
Good Companies
122 Hastings Street West
"S" have I!" murmured Miss Brown
with downcast eyes.
"Ah. then, you know what I want?"
said tlie love-sick fellow, with a silly
smile. 'That I want to ask you to be
my wife?"
"Yes," replied the girl, gazing coldly
at   him;  "and   I   wanted   to   say  'No'
once and for all. and get it over and-
done with!"
* * *
An advance agent for a theatrical
production due shortly in San Francisco was speaking to a newspaper
man with reference to thc wonderful
powers "f the leading woman. "Do
you know." he said, enthusiastically,
"that in Xew York when she appeared as the dying mother in the last
act an insurance man. who iiad not
a week before, written- her a policy
for $10,000, actually fainted in the
s-   *   *
There was only one man af tlfe '
boarding-house. ��� and there wasn't
much of him. His chest measure-.
ment was about .02. But the girls all
made a fuss of him. After all. he was
a man!
Due evening they had a dance, and
our hero engaged himself to Miss A.
for Xo. 1. Miss A. didn't turn up; so
he condescendingly suggested lhal
Miss 11. might take it on.
Just as they commenced to dance.
Miss A. entered the room, and her
eyes glittered angrily.
"I'm afraid you're late, dearest."
said Miss  1;., with the air of a victor.
But Miss A. tossed her head.
"Yes. dear." she replied cuttingly:
"another case of the early bird catching thc  worm!"
of South Vancouver
i FOtfR
SATURDAY, JANUARY   1,   191ft
Our   Education  Department
*********      *********
IN the previous article we have attempted to point out some defects
in our educational system as it is applied in our public schools.
We were forced to the inevitable conclusion that it was a failure,
and that the main cause of this failure was that our Education Department at Victoria still adhered to a policy which has been abandoned
for over twenty years by the most progressive Provinces, viz., that of
setting up the number of successful candidates at the annual examination as a standard of efficiency for the teacher, and by that standard
her work was judged and her fate sealed by those in authority. Who
can blame the poor, over-worked school teacher if she abandoned
all the high ideals she was taught to revere at the Normal School and
also to abandon all the fine psychological methods she learned there.
These take too much time. She is forced to adopt the old method
justly condemned by all great educators, the method of cramming a
mass of disconnected facts into the poor child's head, as this method
only secured the results demanded by her superiors, and her daily
bread depended upon results.
We have pointed out the signal failure of our public schools,
the graduating school for almost 90 per cent, of our future citizens,
let us turn the searchlight on our secondary schools, our high schools,
which affect only the remaining 10 per cent. We are led to expect
great things from our secondary system.
Here we meet new subjects and hope to find a new and improved
system. But, alas! we are doomed to disappointments. Look where-
ever you will and you are confronted with our old enemy, the examination standard. "Get your pupils through the departmental examinations" is the ukase from the Czar, or your head will pay the forfeit.
Now, I ask you, what can you expect? More cramming. And
you get it.
The new subjects you find here are Latin, French, German,
Euclid, Algebra, some commercial subjects and some science. Now
these subjects are very good, indeed, when used judiciously and in
the hands of alert, progressive educators should result not only in increased knowledge, but in increased brain power. But individuality
and modern improvements are scorned if suggested by those iii close
toucq wjth the work. If any change is made it must come as a command from the Central Authority, our progressive Education Department. We do not need to go far afield for an example of this.
We had a progressive educator in Vancouver who "lost his head"
by making improvements in an "injudicious way."
Now what do we find in our present High School curriculum.
We receive our first jolt in finding the important study of geography
absolutely ignored. It finds no place on our High School course.
In a Province like this where geology and minerology, the scientific
basis of the great mining industry, should be so important as to be
almost indispensable. They are almost absolutely ignored. In a
High School a scientific treatment of this subject would go far to
encourage a general knowledge of this important industry.
History also is almost omitted. With the single exception of a
partial course covered by the candidates for matriculation, this subject is entirely neglected.
On the other hand, the one subject which receives prominence
is Latin. Now Latin, no doubt, is a good disciplinary study, but it is
also the one which gives the death blow to the ambitions of many
an aspring student. We are informed that every student who applies
for a course at the High School is told that he must study Latin.
Now, although Latin furnishes a good material for mental discipline,
it takes much more time to master it thoroughly than almost any other
subject, and time is a commodity that is very scarce with many an
ambitious youth. Instead of forging ahead and completing his course
he finds himself spending his time studying and perhaps memorizing
declensions and conjugations which will be of no material use to him
whatever, and which he intends to speedily forget when leaving
school. Consequently, he becomes discouraged and quits. He
thereby gives up a course which would otherwise do him a world of
good. Thus instead of being an optional subject, Latin is made compulsory and is comparatively given more prominence on our High
School time-tables than any other subject.   This should not be so.
Of our basal subjects, "The Three R's;" reading and writing
are almost altogether ignored. Neither of these subjects finds a
place on a high school time-table. As for arithmetic, we find it confined to the preliminary course; and then limited to a text-book
known as Milne's Arithmetic No! III. We have taken the opportunity ofrered us not long since of examining this book. What we
found there was very good for the mechanical work of the lower
grades of our public school, but to place this book as the highest standard of our educational system is amazing. It is purely mechanical.
It encourages the student to think that by juggling a few figures together in a certain well defined manner, he will invariably find the
cbrrect result. It follows merely one method of solution. Its questions do not vary one iota. What is the result? The pupils may be
quite able to work out every problem correctly as it is worded in the
book, but change the wording any way; invert the question; change
any of its conditions; note the result. The pupil is helpless; he is absolutely lost. Now what do we get by this means? We get precisely what we have been constructing all through the whole system,
a purely mechanical result.   The pupil has become merely a human
phonograph, to repeat only what he memorized. He has developed
no reasoning power. He knows how to work a problem in the orthodox way, but to tell why he did it that way he is entirely nonplussed. Now he faces new problems in euclid and algebra, but he
faces them at a great disadvantage. He is suposed to have developed
by this time a fair, rational power, but he lacks it. Ask any mathematical master of any of our high schools if this is right. Try it yourself and see if this statement is false.
Now, remember, this is the last course, the last chance the student has to master the science of figures. He goes from here to the
Normal School to learn the methods of teaching. He is supposed
to be fully equipped with the knowledge, he has only to learn how to
impart it. Ask any Normal School master if he has this knowledge.
Ask yourself if this young man knows the science of arithmetic well
enough to teach it to your children.
We found the subject of grammar neglected in the public
schools; it is too much to expect it to be completed thoroughly in three
years of high school work.
Let us now turn to the subject, of literature. This is intended to
instil in the student a love for high and noble sentiments and a taste
for harmony and beauty in the expression of these. Here again we
find individuality and enthusiasm frozen by the cold, blighting shadow
of the examination standard. Glance at the questions found on any
departmental examination in* literature, and you will find that the
student is supposed to be able to quote almost an impossible number
of isolated extracts from poems, in themselves beautiful, but mussed
by quoting extracts. Memorizing beautiful poetry is very good in itself, but when the student does not appreciate the beauty, what use
is it to memorize it? Here again the dreaded examination drives the
teacher to force the poor pupil to memorize innumerable extracts���to
appreciate its beauty? No! No!-^to pass the examination. Examine this examination paper again and you will see that the candidate is asked to locate certain lines extracted from a prose selection
and tell its context. More mechanism! Such a proceeding, instead
of encouraging a love of literary gems, will go far toward filling the
average student with disgust for all forms of good literature and give
him a desire for light fiction.
Now let us turn our attention to science. Here possibly is the
greatest anamoiy of all. We find only botany and chemistry on our
high school curriculum.
Botany, if taught properly, is perhaps one of the most interesting
as well as the most practical branches of science. But it must be
taught practically. The student shjduld begin by finding his own
specimens in its proper habitat and study it not only in its form and
structure, but also in its environments and in its plant societies, and its
economic influences. Knowing that he is better able to understand
and appreciate not only its germination and propogation, but also its
physiological peculiarities. But with our system the teacher is forced
to teach it from the book, and he is only too happy if he can secure
a specimen to illustrate his lecture. Here again we have teaching
for the examination and not for knowledge. One might almost as
well ask a child to learn to talk by first learning to read. Such a
method is absurd and serves to create an abhorrence for rather than
an interest in the subject
But the system laid down for the study of chemistry caps them
all for an absurdity. It is a well known fact that no student should
be asked to study the principles of chemical reactions without a geod
knowledge of the principles of physics as a base. Without a knowledge of the physical laws of matter, force and motion, leading up to
the molicular theory, one should not be asked to study the laws of
atomic or chemical action. The student should be thoroughly familiar with the facts of nature which he can see and ascertain by simple
experiments before he should be called on to study the more theoretic
principles of atomic action. Yet in face of this evident pedagogical
principle, we fine) our high school curriculum plunging the poor bewildered pupil into the maze of chemical action and re-action without
any preliminary training whatsoever. The subject of physics, the fundamental basis of all science is utterly ignored in our secondary system.
Now, as we stated in the previous article that the fault of this
pernicious practice is not found in our high school teachers. It is our
firm belief that like our public school teachers, our high school teachers are just as efficient, enthusiastic and thorough as are to be found
in any Province or State, but laboring under a Department of Education so grossly mismanaged they cannot hope for better results.
But still another anomaly exists. Our High School programme
calls for a three years' course. Two of these are controlled by the
Education Department and the third is given over to the matriculation
course for entrance to the university. There is nothing attained at
the end of the second year. A pupil completing two years' High
School work secures thereby no academical standing. If he leaves
school here he is merely as an undergraduate. The only academical
standing is secured at the completion of the matriculation course.
This admits him into the University or Normal School. Now this
means that the Department relinquishes the control of the training
of her future teachers in the final year and hands it over entirely to
the professors of the University.
Now thfse educators, as a usual thing, are only interested in the
matriculants as future students under their care.   They are far from
being in touch with the work of Public Schools and are by no means
f|t and proper men to pass on tht qualifications of our future teachers.
Nor ir thc matriculation course a proper preparation for :ht career of
a teacher. It is far from being a thorough and final course in the subjects to be taught in our public schools. This seems to be almost as
absurd as many of the other anomalies which we are sorry to find
existing rti our present system.
New we navt offered a few criticisms of our present educationaf
system as found in our public and high schools.    But as some wis-.-
writer has stated, "Criticism without a remedy suggested is useless and
banal."   It is far from our intention to expose ourselves to such a crit-
We hope for a change, but we are assured that no remedy will
be forthcoming so long as we are dominated over by an autocratic
Department of Education supported by a party machine which has by
its machinations usurped and stole the authority from an unsuspecting
people, and using it to further their own selfish ends. We must first
oust this cabal from its stolen authority and usher in a new order of
things. In a future article we propose to suggest some means of better organization which we think will remedy this deplorable condition in which we find ourselves.
Your Vote and Influence is Respectfully
Solicited for
Aldermanic Candidate Ward Six
Alderman C. N. JAMES
Alderman of Two Years' Standing
Here Are the Standardbearers
Complete List of Candidates Thus Far Nominated
for Provincial Election.
Below will be found a tabulated list of all the constituencies which
have   nominated   their . candidates   for   the   coming   provincial   parliamentary elections, along with the names of the'gentlemen who are to
represent their different parties
H. C.  Brewster
Frank Mobley
J. Yorston
E. D. Barrow
Alberni   _
Atlin   .--
Cariboo   -
Comox -.
Delta L'_.
Fort George-. G. A. Gaskell
Fernie    A. I.  Fisher
Greenwood ..Dr. C. D. McLean
Grand  Forks. J-   *'"������  Tlinmpsoii.
Islands M< B. Jackson
Kamloops F. W. Anderson
John Keen
John Buckam
Hugh Stewart
Dr. J.  H. King
A. D. Patterson
John Oliver
So. Okanagan
Newcastle _.
Rossland --
Richmond ..
M. Johnson
Dr. K. McDonald
Leslie V.  Rogers
J. G. C. Wood
H.  E.  Young
J. A. Fraser
S. A. Cawley
VV.  II.  Hayward
Dr.   Taylor
M.  Manson
1". D. Caven
F. J.  Mackenzie
W. J. M-nson
R. H. Pooley
G. A. Hamilton
W. R. Ross
J. R. Jackson
E. Miller
W. W. Foster
J. P. Shaw
Neil Mackav	
Archie McDonald
W. R. Maclean
A.  E.  Plants
Price Ellison
Mayor Jones
Dr. Doier
Labor 8t  Ind.
H. W. Maynard
David Whiteside
A. M.  Manson
Dr.   Sutherland
W. D. Willson
G. G. McGeer
F. A. Pauline
R. S. Conkling
T. D. Pattulo
Chas.  F.  Nelson
No. Vancouver Mayor   Hanes
So. Vancouver |J. W. Weart
Trail    Michael Sullivan
Ralph Smith
M. A. Macdonald
P. Donnelly
Dr. Mcintosh
S. Cowper
J. W. deB. Farris
H. C. Brewster
John Hart
George Bell
H. C. Hall
Joseph   Walters
F. M. Dockrill
Hon.   T.   Taylor
L.   A.  Campbell
W. J. Baird
D. M. Eberts
L. W. Shatford
Wm. Manson
W.   Hunter
G. II. Mortlcii.
Comm'r Campbell
Jas.  A. Schofield
W. J. Bowser
C.  E.  Tisdall
A. J. Welsh
Walter  Leek
A. H. Macgowan
Thos. Duke
Mr. Flumerfelt
J. H. Haw'wahe
Basil Gardom
R.  H.  Neelandf
Alex.  Lucas
W. R. Trotter,.
J. W. Wilklnsbn
J. H. McVety
J. E. Wilton
F. A. Hoover
F. Welsh
jj. H. Haw'waite
jA.   J.   Morley
Socialist candidates have been nominated as follows: Newcastle,
Parker Williams; Comox, J. A. Macdonald; North Vancouver, W.
Bennett; Fort George, John Mclnnes; Slocan, E. T. Kingsley; Fernie,
T. O'Connor; Vancouver, J. Harrington. J. Sidaway, C. Lestor, W.
A. Pritchard, J. Kavanagh. W. W. Lefeaux: Victoria, P. Williams.
Social Democrats in South: Vancouver, Emest Burns. SATURDAY, JANUARY  1.  1916
Forward To the Land! Pharaoh Dreamed  And Stood By  The Ri
Here is a Worthy Movement for the Men and the Press of British
Columbia to Boost.    Write Today to J. L. Pridham, Kelowna/
Farmer, after You have Read this Article.
(Copyright,   1515. by  the  Si: r  Cov
(Greal llritain Rights Reserved.)
"And, behold, there came up * J,
SOME of us are not experienced farmers, nor tillers of the soil.
But we all know enough to know that agriculture is the basis j
of all wealth, prosperity and luxury.
We know that in a country where the tillers of the field have a
nance, everybody has a chance and ought to be prosperous.
The SATURDAY CHINOOK wishes to aid in a worthy
move and we will call upon every man interested in the cultivation
of the soil within the boundaries of the Province and every weekly
newspaper in British Columbia to join us in assisting towards a proper
" v.i      Pharaoh   said   in i .   i ...)
Porasi iui h as God    at ed thee
-. there is noi e so discn
out of the river seven well  fav-j   -ri,'���, VhaiiT,' over ,������  h use. and
ored kine and fatfleshed; and they ;"""r "~ Ml1'" thy word shall all my
fed in a meadow. I1""'"1'1'   '"' r"lr,;   ' "'*���  '" '���"- tl"r'"'*'
will I be greater than thou."
Then  Pharaoh put his rii g
organization the British Columbia Agricultural Organization Associa-: 2, 3 4
in a meadow
"And, behold, seven other kine
came up after them out of the
river, ill favored and leanfleshed;
and stood by the other kine upon
the brink of the river.
"And the ill favored and leanfleshed kine did eat up the seven
well favored and fat kine. So
Pharaoh awoke."���Genes
sis   XII.
lion, which has been launched at Kelowna, in the Okanagan Valley.
At Kelowna, the farmers have got together and have formed
a tentative executive to proceed with the organizing of all the agricultural interests of the Province.
The SATURDAY CHINOOK is in receipt of a letter from
Mr. J. L. Pridham, secretary of the association, in which the aims and
objects of the British Columbia Agricultural Association are set forth.
The association is strictly non-partizan and hopes to number j
hand,  .savin-   that   he    would
��� his name i i Zaphnath-Paaneh.
seph i ' Aseneth,
I in the thin  Mars
The average man is not willing i i
li ��� y himself, not willing to save     ol
twilling i" lay by the product of the
m Jo-!':" year*" t,lal he may be independent
sep,   s
And he married .1
the daughter of Poti-Phera, th
of ' ii     Probably ihe priest of ( hi was
glad io get Joseph  for a son-in-law,
���.. in the old year- reprvs-rbo)   -.li    becomes  the  brilliant  itian
'' '"      '   ' '  "���'" thin cows. Im nine cases out of ten, because.; he
1   '   ''   ' :'     ii' young men i idaj  comes i" tlie city expecting to work
il    founj   men in I'lia- am!   have   a   hard   time���he   takes
a;   in ��� ��� ubtedly.
li is
story of Joseph,
ever got
among its members every man and woman in this Province who are ! ������      '     ,
. .     ....       .    .     . t,ent' vnukm youhg Hebrew who told
engaged in tilling the land.
"We hope you will do your best," says Mr. Pridham, "to in-:
press upon the farmers that they must realize what such an organization means.and to get together at once and deal freely as a PRACTICAL BODY and therefore must take hold of practical every day
affairs, knowing full well that while education is essential, and while
knowledge is power, APPLIED POWER ONLY CAN BRING
Remember that the annual statement of the Bank of Montreal
contained this sentence from the lips of the general manager:* "We
hope that British Columbia may soon be able to feed herself."
Remember this, that until such time as we are able to feed ourselves, our -business men are going to receive no consideration from
the hands of the banks.
Confidence in British Columbia will never be thoroughly renewed up"-*1 ****-'ri��h Columbia has begun to produce her own porridge
and beans.
This movement is non-partizan and is worthy of the support of
all right thinking citizens.
One^F&f: helping ihe FORWARD TO, THE, LAND
MOVEMENT will be to get in on the boosting of the British Columbia Agricultural Organization Association. .*���'.;.
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So pronounced by the highest authorities in British Columbia.
Pharaoh  the meaning of  his dream,
and in addition gave the king the best
business advice that any king
in those days,
On Joseph's advice Pharaoh became
"lie of the first of tlie monopolists,
and Joseph may ])c considered, in a
sense, as the first corporation lawyer
--advising the possessor of great power how to use it.
The Egyptian king dreamed���and
in bis day dreams were supposed to
be important revelations of future
happenings. The king would have
been surprised and angry if Joseph
had told him the truth, namely, that
j his stomach was out nf ,,rder from
Joseph, hail had a hard time. His
father gave him a fancy coat of many
colors. His brothers, jealous, threw
him into a pit and lie was sold into
He was the servant of the jailer
when the chief butler aiid the ba^er of
the Pharaoh were in jajl, They also
had unpleasant dreams and asked the
intelligent' young Hebrew to tell them
what the dreams meant. He sail! to'
the chief butler: "Vou will get your
job back." and he said t.. the baker,
"You will be" hanged." And it happened as he had stated. For on Pharaoh's birthday he gave a feast to his
"And   he   restored   lhe   chief   hull
unto his butlci-ship again; and he
tlie  cup unto Pharaoh's hand:
"Hut be hanged the chief baker: ,is
Joseph  interpreted  to  them."
The butler advised Pharaoh In send
for Joseph.   The king did So.
"And   Pharaoh   said   unto   J<
1   have   dreamed   a   dream,   ami
is   none   lhat   can   interpret   it:
I have heard say of thee, thai
canst   understand   a   dream    I
pret   it.
"And Joseph answered Pharaoh,
saying, li is nol iu me: God shall
give   Pharaoh  an  answer  of  peace,
"Ami Pharaoh said unto Joseph, In
my dream, behold, I stood u|">n the
hank of the river:
"And. behold, there came up out "i
lhe river sewn kine, fat fleshed and
well favored; and they fed in a meadow:
"And, behold, seven other kine came
up after iheni. poor and very ill favored and leanfleshed. such as I never
saw in all thc land of Egypt for badness:
"Ami thc lean and the ill favored
fcine did eat up the first seven fai
When Pharaoh told his dream, Jo-
Iseph. who had hastily dressed himself
and shaved and come from prison, interpreted the dream very nicely, saying:'"The seven good kine are seven
years; and the seven thin and ill favored kine that came up after them
are seven years."
Joseph went on to tell Pharaoh.
who probably bad a headache and was
glad to hear an intelligent man talk,
that there would he seven vcars of
good crops and seven years of famine.
Joseph, one of the first of the able
business men. advised Pharaoh to
"look out a man discreet and wise,
and set him over the land of Egypt."
He advised him also to have all lhe
crops of the good years put awa
iler thc hand of Pharaoh."
for the young man had acted very well
when he was tempted as a slave in the
house of Potiphar,
11 was a great day for Joseph when
the Pharaoh gave him charge of everything he had. From first tn last he
was a good business man.
He was put iu jail because I'oti-
phar's wife lied about him. The keeper of the prison put him in charge of
the jail and gave him a chance to interpret the dreams of the king's butler
and baker.
And then the king gave him his own
ring and made him ruler over all Egypt.
It is probably hard to realize how
much money Josqpb made for himself
and  the king.
."And when all the land nf Egypt
was famished, the people cried to
Pharaoh for bread: and Pharaoh said
ulito all the Egyptians, Co unto Jos-
"And Joseph opened all thc storehouses, and sold unto the Egyptians:
afnd the famine waxed sore in the land
ol' Egypt.
"And all countries came into Egypt
tb Joseph to buy corn."
'       * ',:, *
At present, when the Canadian g
Recently there was appointed Archbishop of Chicago a very young man.
the Right Reverend George \V. Mun-
delein, A s|i,,rt time ago he was the
youngest bishop in America, and today he is appointed the youngest
There are many texts in this editorial. And we shall add as a text for
young men a quotation from an inter-
sinall room, he spends no money -on
pleasures, he g'-cs tn bed early. Ile
c:i cntrates���and concentration is the
greatest virtue. That is what makes
for success, not genius���for genius
without application goes to seed.";
As the archbishop says, it is today
the young man from the country who
succeeds because he concentrates and
is  willing to  work.
So it was iu that ancient day when
the young man from the country���
Joseph���came up to thc great Egyptian city as a slave, and immediately
proceeded i" concentrate so that Potiphar made him boss, and the jailer
made him boss, and the king set him
view   which the young Archbishop re-["ver the whole of Egypt.
cently gave to a representative of this
newspaper. Speaking of the young
men of this day. he said:
"Also, they are losing tlieir ambition for success in the search of pleasure. W'e see iu our large cities the
young men who should be devoting
themselves to work���we see them on
the streets under the garish lights,
dancing in cafes, drinking and amusing themselves. In the mornings they
wonder why they do not get along,
are tired and heavy-eyed; and they
remain clock - watchers always.
They blame it on  hard times.
"There are no hard times that vvill
excuse thc failure of the individual
to make good in the United States.
Here, the man who perseveres will
succeed, no matter how hard the
times. His chance is just as good as
it was fifty years ago; but he will not
'arrive' by some stroke of genius. I
don't believe in genius. He vvill amount to something only if he is willing to drudge and apply himself each
eminent   is  seizing    twenty    million day to his hard task.    This the city
bushels of wheat at a time, when pri-1 boy  who  has  had  advantages  is  not
willing to do: he wants things to come
ces are going skyward, it would be interesting to kiiow just exactly what
Joseph sold his corn for. and how
much he made.
W'e shall probably never know.
W'e know that when his father sent
his ten wicked brothers to see Joseph
and buy corn, Joseph, instead of gel-
ting revenge, gave them corn and
gave them back their money. Not
only that, but Joseph moved alt of his
brothers and his father and alf their
families and their wives and their children into Egypt; he gave them everything they wanted, and more: all that
they could eat. public offices anil good
[salaries.       Then   he   showed   Pharaoh
I how he might take advantage of the
poverty of the Egyptians by buying
their land  for next  to nothing.
i    "And Joseph bought all lhe land of
save| Egypt   for   Pharaoh;   for  tiie   Egyptians sold every man his field, because
"* j the  famine  prevailed  over  them:  so
I the laud became  Pharaoh's."
Previously  Joseph  had  taken  their
[cattle and tlieir horses and their flocks
and their asses in exchange for corn.
And Pharaoh prospered because he
had the intelligence to recognize ihe
, fact thai Joseph was a greal biisincs
mat), and thai il pays I" Heal men n:
I their merit, disregarding race and re
ligioiis   prejudice.
to him more easily.    It is the country
Joseph had hurried out to find
some place where he could dance, or
gamble, or sit up late, he would not
have been made the chief manager of
the jailer; he wouldn't have bad a
chance to predict that the butler
would get his job back, and the baker
be hanged, lie wouldn't have been
sei t for By Pharaoh: he wouldn't have
had the opportunity to interpret the
meaning of the cows; in short, he
would have been a failure.
Get your bible, then read about Joseph. If you haven't a bible, GET
There is no more interesting .reading: none more instructive.
Joseph succeeded because he resisted temptation, represented faithfully the men vvho employed him,
kept his mind concentrated on success, and because also, as is the habit
with Jews, he shared his success with
his father and his brothers, overlooking on thc part of his brothers conduit not easy to forgive. .,, ���
Ynu cannot all be Josephs. But you
Dr. W. H. Lang has definitely announced himself as a candidate for
School Trustee at the coining civic
elections. Dr. Lang was interested
for several years in educational matters in Manitoba, having taught school
in the vicinity of Winnipeg for four
years. He was graduated from tlie
University of Manitoba in 1903, came
to Vancouver in 1909, and has prsc-1
tised his profession here continuously
the past six years: Dr. Lang think* i
that a price cannot be set upon the
education of the young minds and
that the further cutting of thc salaries1
[of the teachers is not a wise plan. Dr.;
l.ang is a Canadian by birth,
the necessary qualifications
sociates to him, and at last, having
omitted no detail or counsel or information that might enable tiieni lo
carry out his farseeing plans he
roused himself to dictate his own immortal epitaph:
Here   Lies
Henry  Lawrence
Who  Tried lo   Do   His  Duty.
May   Ihe   Lord   Have   Mercy   on   His
Soul, .
'���"I so today these lines, sublime.-in
iheir simplicity, mark his last resting place; and you feel 11;at not even
the great \kbar in Secttndra or Napoleon in Paris has a worthier monument.
A satisfactory life, a long one,
a   happy   ending   wire   Joseph's,
young man who gave good advice
haved   himself   well      in      Potip
house, and got his reward t.i the
>r the firsl week of the Nt
Pantages  Theatre   have  a
Miss   Bertha  Gardner, a
opera soloist, direct from the trenches.
Miss Gardner was in  Paris and when
war  broke  "ill kept  her engagements
in France and Italy and went to serve
he-1a! a nurse at the French and British
lar's  front, and up till a short time ago was
v t.,-j   in   one   of   the   hospitals   right   at   the
'trenches. .
Store to Rent
460!     MAIN     STREET
' I   'i im i "Chinook" i Iffice).
Large Sore. $10.00, \pplj
C. F. Campbell, Sey, 2431; or
VV. .1   Stolliday, 42 32nd Ave. I-'..
"So Joseph died, being an hundred ' Roberts. Smart and Roberts in a ream! leu years old: ami they embalmed [view of 1915-1916 are pleasing siegers
him, and he was put in a coffin in and delight Iheir audiences with the
Egypt."���Genesis  50,  2b. 'popular music of the day.
Here, embalmed, we shall leave Jo-1 Tbe lleuinann Trio are sensational
seph, only asking you to try to im-1 cyclists with a new line of feats on
agine how delighted his aged father. |a cycle that are wonders.
Jacob (the Lord, who liked him,
changed his name to Israeli, must
have been when his sous came hack
with "ten asses laden with the good
things of Egypt, and ten she asses laden with  corn, and bread and meat.''
and  told   Israel  that  his  son  Joseph
had sent  those  things,  saying:
"Haste ye. and go Up to my father.
and say unto him, Thus saith thy sou
Joseph. Cod hath made me lord of all
Egypt: Come down unto me, tarry
,u lor young men.
ws represent your
Now for the 1
The seven fat
youth. Youth is strength, power and
possibility. If you use and save the
power and the strength, and seize
upon  the  possibilitie
Lewis. Belmont and Lewis, a trio
that has made a hit with their songs,
patter and a new line of jokes: Ray
Lawrence, just an American girl, who
puts over a line of songs in a good
way. Bert Wiggins and Co., comedy
jugglers, with an act that lives up to
its name, called "Fun in Jay Street"
close a well balanced bill, pleasing to
all classes.
you   need   not
fear the other years that represent the
thin cows, the starved years of anxie-
Un-lty,  want  and  pitiful  payroll  slavery.
in  which  so many  live.
Joseph showed 'Pharaoh how hi
could save up the corn in the good
years, save himself the trouble and
make a great deal of money hy selling
the corn at high prices in the seven
bad years. He advised Pharaoh as
Root would advise Ryan, in our day.
Life  is  mad<
fat  and  lean,
mil take
up  of   two   periods���
null and  old  age.
ourself and de-
There is a simple tomb in Luck-
now, in India, lhat cost no more than
many a plain farmer's gravestone in
our rural burying places, but Mr.
Clarence Poe declares that it impressed him more than anything else
he   saw   in   India  except   the   Himala-
jlilillitm!   !�������) Rtlmrd Sr'v.i
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Velop yur powers in the
represented   by   the   sevi
Pharaoh's  dream  you
misfortune,   poverty
yas. the Taj  Mahal, and the view of
Benares from the river.
It   is   the   tomb  of   the   heroic   Sir
Henry   Lawrence,   who   died   so  glorious a death  in  the  great mutiny  of
1857.     No   commander   in   all   India
i had planned more wisely for thc defence of all the men and women under
in ibis  care:  but the siege  had only- he-
need   not   fear  fr���n when  he was mortally wounded
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Sandy thinks the province should congratulate itself on gettin' rid o' Dick
Weel freens. it's a gttid twa or three
weeks nun sin the last time yae had
the pleesure o' readin' onything worth
while, an' it wis mily unforeseen circumstances that prevented mc last
week wishin' a' my freens an' readers
a richt Merry Christmas���an' mony
o' them.
Afore I go ony fattrther, seein'
there's sae mony cxplaiiashuns o' wan
kin' an' anither bein' peddled aboot
they times, I micht as weel mak it
public that it's no' true that I hae accepted a "pnst" as organizer fur the
prohibeeshun pairty. I'm no' gaun
tae say whether 1 wis offered the job
or no'���but, at onyrate, there's nae
use o' folk rinnin' awa wi'' the idea
that because a fellie disnie happen tae
contreebttte his weekly story lae a
certain journal that he has went an'
jined the prohibs.���or broke the "tec-
tee" again or something like that.
Hooever, freens, 1 can hardly let
the auld year slip awa���black yin as
it has been���without haen a bit crack
wi' my readers again.
Events hae traivelled gey quickly
in the political line in they pairts
durin' tlie last twa or three weeks
back. As the fellie wi' a pimple on
his nose said, things are beginnin' tae
assume gigantic proporshltns.
While we were a' expectin' an' eleckshun at almost any time, the news
that came last week that the redoubtable Dick had resigned and that
Wee Wullie had taen the "reins o'
office" came as a bit o' a surprise at
its "suddintness."
. There's nae true doobts but tliat
Dick got the dirty kick frae the Wee
Fellie���and while I hinnie muckle use
for Bowser, yet he performed wan useful thing in his long record o' mischief an' misgoveriiment (tae use a
very mild expression) when he applied the order o' the boot tae that
son of a gun McBride.
There's some o' the papers in the
province wud gie a fellie a pain tae
read wi' the flattcrin', honeyed words
in which they hae referred tae Dick's
record as prime minister o' the province. Maybe they liae their ain
ends tae serve. But owre an' above
that. 1 hae-even noticed some "eminent" Liberals even referrin' tae him
as a this an' that kin' o1 gentleman.
They wud scunner ony daicent-minded
man. 1 dinnie ken what kin o' dictionary they keep at hame.
They may blether awa as muckle
as they like aboot the amenities o'
political life an' hoo, efter a', he wis
sic a hainely an' nice fellie when yae
met Kim on thc street���hut. freens,
1 wild advise yae tae keep a close tab
on   they   Liberals   that   a'ffect   tftC   be
sorry at Dick's departure.
Tae dub McBride a statesman is tae
slander  the   English   language.
The province o' British Columby is
weel quit o' him an' I've nae doobt
the folk in the auld country '11 sune
weigh him up an' pit him at his proper vailuc.
But that's the sad pairt o't. When
the miners on the Island protested tae
him as minister o' mines that there
wis gas in the mines that wis liable
tae snuff oot their lives at ony meenit,
Dicky upheld, the mine-owners in
turnin' the puir fellies oot-o-wark an'
thereby stervin' their wives an" bairns.
But Dicky taks guid care he wunnie
be turned oot like that, an' it's gaun
tae cost this province a braw penny
financin' him in idle luxuriousuess in
London, besides geyin' a princely pension tae his predecessor.
I'm no' a very raigular attender at
the kirk, but I attended wan last Sunday (the saicond time in eleeven
years), an' 1 maun say that I'm kin'
o' inclined tae chenge my opeenyins
o' the clergy as a whole frae what 1
beard on the last twa occasions.
The minister wisnie preachin' politics, but his subject led him intae it,
an' in referrin' tae British Columby
he said that the darkest prospect often
brocht the greatest joy an' prosperity.
"Innocence wis unknown in B.C." th
preacher said; "and until we grappled
���wi' the forces that had undermined the
province, we would never know what
it meant."
Dicky, we're weel quit o' yae.
Now tae turn tae Wullie. As yae
ken, freens, Wullie an' mc dinnie hit
it up owre weel���in fact if I wis ca'in'
a spade a spade, I wud be tempted
tae pit him in a cless lower doon than
Dicky yet.
But if there's wan thing atwecil
the twa that yae can admire, it's Will-
lie's gall an' impidence. There's pane
o' the whimperin', staundin' on dignity
style sae muckle cultivated by his
erstwhile  pairtner aboot Wullie.
McBride pits me iu min' o' thc laddie at schule that used tae gaun hame
an' tell his mother that Tammie Mc-
Xab had gien him a pastin'. Vac ken
hoo we used tae despise that kin' o'
laddie, freens. Weel, Wnllie's o' a
lifferent stamp. He micht meet a
fellie his match noo an' again, but he
disnie blubber owre it. Wnllie's like
the wee fellie, he kens if he answers
back he'll get anither pastin'. But
he watches his chance an' when the
ither fellie's no' lookin' he gets at his
hack an' hauls awa his pins���an' then
rins awa oot o' reach.
That's what they ca' politics in B.
C. It's marc like Comic Cuts, ony
mare than it has been responsible for
bringing mony a wife an' bairn tae
in untimely grave through sterva-
Tae think that the destinies o' a
country three or fower times bigger
than the auld country should be in
the haunds o' a gang like them.
An' what a noble example these
statesmen" are shovvin' the risin'
generation which, efter a', will he the
yins that'll hae tae mak B.C.
An', gee whiz. I'm jist minded o' a
story I read in an auld country paper
last week. I'll reprint it, frcens, for
your eddiflcaslum, I'm share it 'II gie
yae a guid latich. The paper wis referrin' tae the jyey some o' the Canadian sodgers owre in London arc ov-
erehairged, an' wis citin' a glarin' example.    Here it is:
'Of course some of the young men
from the Far West are not used to
the wicked men who hang about a
city (isn't that rich?), and, I suppose,
must learn by experience. A group
f them on four days' leave met a nice
gentleman who showed them the
sights, and accompanied them to a
theatre, lie arranged to take them
for a motor tour on the next day. It
would cost $12. He would stand half.
Ile collected the other half from the
Canadian boys, and promised to be
round with the "auto," two-thirty
sharp. But at 2.30 there, was nothing
That London edytur has a gey <|iieer
idea o' what wickedness means. Thai
wudnie lie ca'd wickedness out here.
Thai's what wc ca' politics. The Dominion Trust didnie rin awa wi' $12
onything like that. N'ane n' the
directors, auditors, solicitors, or the
man that's imw premjet o' B. C. were
l'i] wicked!     I   should say no'.
Gee,   it   wud   mak   a   cuddy   laucb.
1 '    !' U'". '    .      J > , "   . i     I.l". .11.   .
wudn't it? It's tae be hoped that they
''fan) folk" in London dinnie a-sl. Dick
otty. questyins aboot sic .gentry
Mackenzie & Mann, or ask abwit sic
deals as I'ort Mann, or the Songhees
Reserve or the Kitsilano Reserve, an'
hoo mony are in the "I'en" owre the
Dominion Trust steal.
We're weel ipiit o' yae, Dick���an'
Wullie. you'll get what's comin' tae
yae shortly I hope.
A richt guid Happy New Year tae
yae a' is the wish o' Sandy.
Yours through the heather.
By Savoyard, in the "Columbia,"
Of all the crazy visions even the
present war has produced, the bloodiest and most destructive of hitman
history, the stuff quoted herein is the
daftest. It would appear that the be-
liggerent powers over yonder have
nothing in particular in the way of
malice against one another. Our
Uncle Samuel is the man they arc-
after, and his lands, tenements and
hereditaments, goods and chattels,
rights and privileges, are to become
the spoil of embattled Europe, tllat
is now merely in training to lick us,
as your Fitzsimmons and Jack Johnsons get in trim for a prize fight.
Here is this pipe dream:
"Great Britain is to occupy Xew
England, Maryland, Virginia, North
and South Carolina. Georgia and
"France is to get the French parts
of eastern Canada, and the states of
Loiiisaua. Mississippi, Alabama. Arkansas,  Tennessee  and  Kentucky.
"Germany i is to occupy thc states
of New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio,
Indiana, Michigan, Illinois. Missouri,
Iowa, Wisconsin, and Minnesota.
"Japan is to take the Pacific coast,
the state of Oregon, upper and lower
"Mexico is to he compensated for
lower California by ceding to it Arizona, New Mexico, and part of Texas.
"Russia will receive Alaska.
"The Panama canal will be declared free, while the western states.
North and South Dakota, Nebraska,
Kansas, Oklohoma, Washington,
Montana, Wyoming, Idaho, Utah and
Colorado will be consolidated into an
imperial crown domain of the German empire."
Well, they leave Uncle Sam the
District of Columbia. That helps
some. This pipe dream appeared in
the news columns of a Washington
paper one Sunday morning and 1
doubt if its like ever was printed before. London and Berlin, Paris and
Vienna, Petrograd and Constantinople, Rome and Sofia, are no more
thinking of a conquest of the United
States than they are of a military
exoedition against the planet Jupiter.
*, * *
11 may be deduced from the idiocy
of the conception that some fellow
imagined the stuff and put it in the
paper hoping to promote the cause of
preparedness. That is likely, for
our glorious land is full of folk who
believe in haunts and witches ami
tilings. Here wc have il laid down
tliat Germany does not covet Belgium: New York is what she is after,
and Calais she cares not a continental
for if she can get Chicago. It seems
tliat Germany is to have the lion's
share of the great divide, though
Mexico   will   be   allowed   to     regain
Texas  and   some  other  states   round
about.    England is not  interested    in
's ..destroying .,the German navy and
sweeping tlie German merchant marine off the seas. She wants New
England and the south end of our
Atlantic seaboard. France is not after Alsace-Loraine. She covets
French Canada and that part of the
United States Thomas Jefferson
bought of Napoleon Bonaparte. Russia is perfectly indifferent about
Constantinople; her aim is to regain
Alaska, which she sold to William H.
Seward at an enormous price as the
trade was then estimated by the
public. Japan is to put up with our
Pacific slope, and other far western
chips and whetstones laying about
loose in Uncle Sam's backyard are to
he gobbled up and made into an imperial crown domain for tlie kaiser.
This is the most extravagant and
the stupidest crazy dream that thc
war has produced. So far as my observation goes.���Prom Bryan's "Commoner."
There are few exercises so beneficial to tbe whole body as sawing
wood. Those of us who have the misfortune to live in cities rarely have
the opportunity to saw wood, and it is
for such persons that a patent has just,
been issued for an exerciser tliat
might  be  called a dummy saw-horse".
The inventors are Marie ,de Pal-
kowska and Alfred Billiard of New
York. It has a dummy saw-log pivoted with a transverse saw-receiving
slot, and a dummy saw in the slot.
This may be drawn to anil fro just
like a saw. and- the friction on its
sides may be regulated by tightening,
the halves of the log so. as to press
more or less firmly upon it.
PHONE: MY. 900
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.
1012 Standard Bank Bid*.
Vancouver. B.C.
$aturbM} (Etjmonk
Every  Saturday  by  the
Greater Vancouver Publishers Limited
Homer Street,  Vancouver, D.C*.
/'   ���
All depitrlments Seymour   I7��
Night Calls Fairmont  1����6L
Registered at the
partment, Ottawa, i
Mall Matter.
Post   Office   De-
s    Second    Class
To    nil    points    In    Canada,    Unitci
Kingdom, Newfoundland, New Zealand
and other British Possessions:
Postage to American, European an l
other Foreign Countries, $1.00 per year
One  cent   per  wort!   per   issue.     No   adve-
tisinR for lit! than 25 cents.    Following issu'
fifteen cents per insertion.
One cent per word per issue.
The law forbids the sale of liquor and cigaret-ffcs
to minors, but it does not restrain newspapers from going into respectable homes and soliciting thc patronage of the boys and girls with
flaring and alluring advertisements.
Careful firesides must rely, therefore, upon newspapers that voluntarily banish liquor and cigarettes, those great
enemies of youthful strength and purity, from their columns.
In the campaign for saloonless state it is vital that
the forces of temperance cast the entire weight of their influence
against the wets.
Their subscription order for a newspaper is a vote
for or against liquor, according as thc advertising columns of that
newspaper are for or against liquor.
The Saturday Chinook is against the selling and
distributing of liquor and cigarettes to minors through its advertising
For true temperance should begin at home and
with the Home Newspaper.
Delivered at
your door for
10 cents a month.
Call Fairmont 1874.
The Saturday Chinook SATURDAY. JANUARY  1,  1916
Charges That New Government Still One-Man Affair
t        i r\      i l     r* at     i   r  i    r> n    r  tir   nr      i HEAD OFFICE: Toronto
Agricultural Development is the Great Need of the Country -::-        By J. W. Weart A Btrictly Canadian Company, with a twenty-five year
fVi!      '.
WfSSii:' '       ���' :��� :'v;i'- :���"'���::. kM*J5S!RV<: 1-M m^WMM
Excelsior Life Insurance Company
honorable record.
.The chief factor in the upbuilding
of any country is the development of
its natural resources, and of the natural resources, the cultivation of the
land is of paramount importance.
What has the Government done toward the settlement of our
able   land:     What   has   the   Government   don
The Dominion  year  Hook for 1915-
16, at   Page   IM,  gives  the  total area
of each of the  Province*.    It    goes
the   total   area   of   the   possible   farm
lands in each Province;
As the total area of:
vacant ar-   Hritish Columbia, 31 per  cent,  or  45
:   Govern-1    millions is possible farm hind.
me   to  enable   those  already I Alberta, 65 per cent., or 105 millions
in the land to bring it to a profitable |    is possible farm land
producing   stage"'     What   steps   have j
the Government taken to prevent thc I
annual outlay of from 2(1 to 25 millions of dollars for food stuffs which
uuld and should be grown in our own
The answer must be a negative answer, except, perhaps, that the Government at its last session did bring
in a bill entitled "The Agricultural
t'redits Act,' founded on the Xew
Zealand Act. That Act is not yet
in force and nothing has been done
(litre under. Thomas Kidd, late member for the Richmond Riding, years
ago, as Chairman of a Commission,
presented to the House and advised
the adoption of the principles of the
New Zealand act. There was no
costs attached to the findings of the
Commission, The McBride Government, after long years of waiting, appointed a Commission to ascertain
:iinl report on the best methods to
help  the  farmer.       The  Commission
ade  its  report  in   1914;  it  strongh
Saskatchewan,   6(1   per   cent.,  or  93'/i
millions is possible farm land.
Manitoba, 50 per cent., or 74 millions
is possible farm lands.
Ontario, 25 per cent., or SH'A millions
i.-. possible farm lauds.
Quebec, 10 per cent., or 44 millions is
possible farm lands.
New Brunswick, 60 per cent., or lOjjj
millions is possible farm lauds.
Nova .Scotia.   0 per cent., or K millions
is possible farm lands.
P. E, Island. 90 per cent., or P., millions is possible farm land.
We can safely say that the above figures are not any too conservative, at
least as far as B, C. is concerned.
Other authorities give the possible
farm lands of Hritish Columbia as 30
millions, and some 22 millions. Of
course, these figures would not include perpendicular farms or farms
with a few mountain peaks.
At  the Oak   Bay meeting the   Hon.
,s   repon   ,���   ���,-,,   ,,   ,i BV| Minister   of   Lands   proclaimed     the
indorsed and recommended the  New'"1   "'at   l!ritish   Columbia  still  had
Zealand act.    That  Commission  est -vacant and  unoccupled-192,870,720
the  country $4H,(HJ().1K). I am's* "**  m-m  stll,are, miles'  bein��
,,.    , . . ... .   .   ,    , . 26 times the size of Belgium.    In mak-
H  the provisions m  that Act had,.
. .    , ... ing the statement  that  this vast area
been  in  force eight or  ten   vears ago, I ... , .   ,
mi, , , ,        , is   still   vacant   and   unoccupied,    lie
our valley lands would have been pm- .       . ,      ,      . ,     ,
,    . ,'    , ,       , , ,   ���      i made   it   with   the   intent   to   lead   the
diicing   double   the   value   now   being ,        ,   ,. ,        ,     ,
,       ,       , , .   . | people to believe that these lands were
produced; a happy and contented pop- I        ' . .
.    . , . .    *. . ,     \nunah\m  nf orrunation   an   farm   lands
illation would be in occupation ol the
many abandoned homesteads througl
out the country; the farming community would have been able to pay
for their homes from the products of
the soil. The necessity was just as
great then as now for the application
�� 1 the Act, with its provisions for
cheap loans on long term payments.
Premier Bowser has been virtually in
control of the legislature for years,
and if he or Mr. Tisdall or M
or .Mr. Taylor or Mr. Manson had
.my business knowledge., or cared a
tap for the farming community, they
could have brought in and advocated
the placing on the Statutes such an
Act. Thc Government could have obtained capital at a low rate and thereby have shown to the people that a
sincere step was being taken in their
In what correspondence schools
have these Ministers qualified as business men that the Premier is now
able to announce to the world that
the Bowser Government will be hence
capable of occupation as farm lauds
and capable of sustaining a large population. Was he truthful in making
that Statement? If you think he was.
then I ask, what is your impression
of the following statement? These
are his words as reported in t!u
"\ews-.\dvertiser" of the 11th November last:
"Xo other Province of Canada or
!.������=, State of the United States or of Aus-
Ross I tralia, can take stock of such advantages as British Columbia, Alberta,
of which 2S per cent, is alienated, has
about half the area of unoccupied
land that British Columbia has; Saskatchewan, with 38 per cent, alienated,
has not half the area, and Manitoba,
even with the addition of 107 million
cres to its Northern boundaries in
1912. has but 3-Sths thc area."
Remember that Mr. Ross is not giving an address on mining or the mining possibilities of the Province, or
advancing British Columbia's claims
as a game or hunting preserve but he,
as   Minister  of   Lands,   is  telling  the
figures are to be found jp the  Budget,
speech of the ex-Hon. Price Ellison-
February 24th,  1913.    The  Hon.  Minister did not  state that for the year
!'J14, there was imported into British
Columbia 25 million dollars worth of I
products of tin   toil that could, and'
should, have been produced in  British
Columbia,    The Hon,   Gentleman did
not make any statement al thai meet-;
ing as  to   what  measures  he   would
adopt, or  would  like  to adopt,  ill  order lo prevent lliis annual impoverish-1
ment of the people.
The need of thc people of British
Columbia is a Government of honest,
earnest men, ii"t men like Mr. Flum-
merfelt and Mr. Lome Campbell, who
are allied with big mining, banking.
timber or land corporations, but men
who vvill administer the country's affairs oil economic business lines, and
when the interests of the Corporations conflict with the interests of
the people, curb the Corporations
with no uncertain hand and make them
understand that they cannot and must
not, if tl'.cy wish to do business in
British Columbia, continue to exploit
the heritage of the people for the enrichment of the few.
I would like to believe that Premier
Bowser has had a change of heart���
that he honestly intends to give the
word to his colleagues to play the
game fair with the people, but I am
afraid that the party is so closely allied with; and bound to the Corporation interests, that very little will be
done, apart from an attempt to advance a few measures in order to gain
a further lease ol" power.
The workers of this country will
not be satisfied with the deathbed
promises thai have been made by tne
Premier.    They  know  that  lhe  Coi.'-
sen v r- have never been able, nor j
lave ��� ej ever desired, to bring in legislation in the interests of the masses.
which would limit the power over
ami lhe right to exploit the worker,
heretofore always enjoyed by the elect
���ihr money class���the Corporations
���tin- Conservative party.
Wc are told tiiat the Liberals have
ii" men in the field capable of administering  the  affairs  of  the   Province.
Well, as there has been oiil 	
in the late Government who had. orj     \ choice programme of songs
dared express, an opinion of his own, j recitations  was  rendered  ijy  the  chil-
we ihink it fair to say that from am
DAVID  FASK1N.  M.A.,  President. Toronto
F. J. GILLESPIE,      -      Manager for Bntish Columbia
iXmas tree proved an imposing  spectacle it thirty pairs of dancing eyes
until its content' were distributed by
one manjMr. K. Burns, acting as Santa Chris.
great  entertainment
}reii   to  the	
ngst  the  Liberals there    could    be [ themselves and iheir elders.    Games
need and  refreshments of a  sub-
were  mailable   at   all
Mr. Simons is a candidate for alderman in bis ward, avd it is needless
to   say   that   his   election   is   certain
found at least men with just as much
wis I,,,,,,  with  just  as  much  energy, | staMtial l1ature  werc avaiIabl
wilh just as good administrative ability, and who are not tied body and soul
to corporation interests, but who have
gone into this fight with the firm in
lent to devote their time and talent to j ,,.���, ���,(. ,kMri.��� ������, francl]*se.
the betterment of the administration
of ,,ur  Province, and to legislate-
To  give   free  and  fair  play  to  its
citizens   and   their   various   activities,
without   regard   to  class   distinction;
To extend the principle at the root
of ihe idea of nationhood���co-operation for mutual improvement;
To elevate the position of the worker by making it a criminal offence to
engage child labor: to shorten the
statutory day; to ,make the worker's
position independent by superannuation at a fixed age. thereby enlarging
the field of labor; to enlarge the principle of the law of compensation for
received no matter  what the
singer, in addition to his contribution to the usual concert programme
given for the benefit of the sailors'
widows and children fund, offered t"
auction a programme which had been
autographed by all ihe distinguished
fl people on board. Ile actually secured $800 for ihe programme, which was
added to the receipts from tickets.
After il was all over a gentleman approached Mr. Bispham and said, with
all cine admiration and enthusiasm,
"Say, I'n; a Xew York auctioneer, and
I want to tell yon that that was great
work you did tonight. Mere is my
card, and whenever you want to give
up singing you just come down to
me and I'll give you $10,000 a year to
sell our stuff."
A bill restricting and regulating the
sale of liquor in Norway, has been
prepared by a government committee, and as it has the support of two-
thirds "f the members of the newly-
elected Norwegian parliament, it will
soon be enacted into law.
Total prohibition has been rejected
by lhe committee as impossible to
enforce, and detrimental to real temperance. But it is felt tliat the sale
of strong liquors should be strictly
controlled.    Beer containing less than
cause, without litigation, and to adopt i ���,,.���,. per ,t.n,   ,������ .,K.nh||  ;���   ,.,.,,.���.,;,.,,
a vigorous land settlement policy with
free lands for the people, with assistance for improvements, all "f which
principles are included in the Liberal
Told by Mr. John Murray, the Well-
known Publisher
forth a "business Government?" That'] People of this Province and the world
means (judging from the silence of "f the vast area of vacant and nn-
members   in   these   past   years   iu   the   occupied   land   of   the   Province   and
making it appear that other provinces
House! that now the Ministers will
not dare advance any legislation which
has not first received the approval of
ihe Premier. Have we not had enough
of a "one-man Government?"   What
is the position of the Hon. \V. K.
Koss, Minister of Lands, in this "business Government?" His being allowed to retain his portfolio is a de-
'laration by the Premier that his administration of that departncnt, under
���he guiding hand of the Attorney-
���eiieral. had given satisfaction t" ihe
i'remicr. Mr. Ross, al all limes, boldly defends the McBride-llovvser pi li-
cy of the Lund Department. In his
'cal to brand as untrue, the statements made that the arable land along
On- railways has been given t" laud
crabbers, he stated on the floor of
die House. February last, that of the
������ -12 million acres in the 6 mile belt
along the 1200 miles of railway, only
SU7.7S? acres had been sold to spc:u-
lal 'rs. It is not reasonable to suppose that these locations, these 847,-
'KtO acres (over 18 per cent, of the
'"lull would be tbe choicest along
tliis railway belt? I submit, and I
think you will agree with mc. that of
(lie whole 4 1-2 million acres, not
ver 12 to 18 per cent, is ara'-le. the
'���dance being absolutely unfit for
agriculture. We have the fact then.
���Iiat the charges made are well founded and that there are no arable lands
left in this 6 mile belt adjacent to thc
railways. Mr. Ross is not satisfied
with the bald statement that this area
comprises over 3 1-2 million acres
more than the amount sold, he tries
(' leave the impression that this vast
area is vacant land, except as to a
few pre-emptions, and is open for settlement. The Hon. Gentleman does
""t stop here. On November lOlh.
in speaking at Oa|f Ray. be made some
'Host astounding statements. He
knows, or ought to know, as head of
bis Department, that there is not in
t'"' '������'��� de of British Columbia over
30 million acres of good arable land.
suffer in comparison. ^^B
If Mr. Ross wished to be candid
when making the above comparisons.
he would have quoted the possible
farm lands of the different provinces
as quoted from the Canada Year Book
and not included the glaciers and
mountains, of which we have a plenty,
be then could have truthfully shown
lhal Alberta has 105 million acres,
against our possible 45 million. Saskatchewan 93 1-2 millions, or twice
our area: Manitoba. 74 millions, or
Ontario 58 1-2 millions. Ontario only
estimates that 25 per cent, of her
total area is possible farm land, or
5 per cent, more than Ti. C. Will the
electors of British Columbia, who arc
of Ontario, say that if Ontario has
only 25 per cent, of her lands as possible farm lands, that British Columbia has 20 per cent, of its total area
possible farm land? I have no hesitation in stating that the comparison
made by the Hon. Minister is misleading, it's unfair, it is not warranted by thc facts, it is untruthful and
made with the intent to mislead the
Will the Hon. Gentleman change
bis absurd tactics under the Bowser
Government, or arc the above utterances of an irresponsible Minister, acceptable to the Premier? Or perhaps
that address was geven before he had
taken the business course at that correspondence school.
Another of the many glaring half-
truths contained in his address is.
"that during the period of the McBride administration, agriculture had
increased 500 per cent. He did not
state that dairy products in 1912 were
$1,270,000.00 less than in 1911 and over $600,000.00 less than in 1910. He
did not state that the value of meats
for 1912 was $340,000.00 less than in
1911 and $270,000.00 less than hi 1910.
He did not state that the value of
fruit and vegetables in 1912 wa�� $2.-
114,000.00 less  than   in   1911.    These
Mr. John Murray, of the famous
London publishing house, entertained
the members of the Y.M.I.'.A. in Al-
dersgate Street. E.C., recently, vm-.1i
a fascinating series of reminiscences
associated with his historic home in
Albemarle Street, Piccadilly.
Livingstone, he said, often dined
with his father, and was a great
friend of the Murray family, ami in-
other visitor was George Borrow, "a
big, strong man, who w:is fond of i ������-
pressing his op>"ions iu strong language." On one occasion, said Mr.
Murray, his father and mother vveie
at a dinner pane : t which Borrow ami
the famous Dr. VVhevvUl were poem. The tw ' almost came to blows
over some di'imi". Mrs. \\ he. ell
fainted, and had lo he taken out o\
lhe room.
When Mr. Murray's father die I.
Gladstone called at Albemarle Street,
and in conversation the name of Sir
Robert Peel came up. Mr. Murray remarked on lhe great pains Sir Robert
look to revise his big speeches in tile
House of Commons, He produced
the original copy of one such speech
pasted in a I k with a newspapet report corrected and with copious additions made before lhe revised version
was issued as a pamphlet,
"Do you really mean to tell me."
asked Gladstone, "that Peel revised
his speeches to such ail extent? I am
astonished. 1 wonder how Peel reconciled this with his conscience! I
don't think I ever did such a tiling
in my life."
"Shortly after." commented Mr.
Murray, "on going through my father's papers 1 found that Gladstone's
speech on the Irish Disabilities Bill
was dealt with in exactly the same
The last time Mr. Murray visited
Hawarden he had lo say good-bye unexpectedly, and was summoned; to
Gladstone's bedroom to make his ad-
[leu. There in *i large double bed lay
the great statesman, a Scotch shawl
round his shoulders, his feet on the
pillow, and his head at lhe bed-foot,
reading, and getting the best light to
do it: a comic sight, said Mr. .Murray.
Then there was a story of how
Dean Stanley, in the heat oi conversation and carving a duck, landed on
his bird on the floor. "The cat ;s
coming." cried a guest. "Never mind."
said the Dean. "I've got my foot on
the duck!"
Among the many Christmas celebrations, few afforded more real joy
than that provided by the Women's
Socialist League for some children
of South  Vancouver.
Mr. and Mrs. M. A. Simons kindly
gave their home for the occasion and
a merry crowd of thirty children and
their grown-ttp friends filled the house
on the evening of December 23. The
house was charmingly decorated with
greenery  and   tinsel,   ami   a-  generous
not only as a harmless, but a beneficial drink. Light wines will also be
favored. The strong drinks vvill be
dealt wilh according to their relation
with the grosser forms of drinking.
The teetotalers, however, are nol
satisfied with the hill as drawn, and
are trying to bring pressure on parliament for statewide prohibition.
me occasion when crossing
David   Bispham,     ihe     o
Dean Frederick I'. Keppel, head of
Columbia college, Xew York city, in
his annual report, looks forward to
the time when motion pictures and
the phonograph may play an important part in teaching. Dean Keppel
speaks of the Columbia stuclents's
classri" -ni time costing him $1 an
hour <<r more, and refers t * * the need
for using every available device t"
give him as much as possible for that
money. The printing press and multi-
graph have been employed and ihe
talking machine and ninvie are likely
tn come next.
Dean Keppel sees in the rapid
growth of Columbia's registration an
approach to the limit of the university capacity, and hints at more severe
restrictions upon admission and upon
the continuance of students who are
willing to get through by hook or by
December 28th, 1915
The B. C. Electric Railway Company wishes to announce that
its sale of Tango Tickets will be discontinued at all points after1
December 31st next, and will be replaced by a green ticket, six of
which will be sold for 25c and which will be available on the street
cars in the Cities of Vancouver and Victoria, not only until midnight, but during the whole time the car service is running.
' The new ticket will entitle the holder to the privilege of a
As the supply of Tango Tickets is limited, and it would be
obviously unfair for them to pass into the hands of a few. the Company has decided, between this date and the 31st of December, not'
to sell at any one time more than eight tickets (25c) on the cars.
or sixty-four tickets ($2.00), to any one person at the Company's
Tango Tickets in circulation on December 31st will be accepted on the cars until January 31st, 1916. After that date any out-,
standing tickets, provided they are not less than eight in number/
will be redeemed by the Company at its Ticket Offices at Carrall,'
Street and at Granville Street Stations. (
Carrall and Hastings Sts.
Phone Seymour 5000.
It Will Pay You ��� We Can Save You
Wm. Dick Limited
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Vancouver, if it inveighs against
German philosophy, has at least not
placed a ban on German music, as did
a less tolerant city of the famous east.
After all, Germanl music is, like German philosophy, no longer German,
The monumctal work of the great
minds of all races is a vast mosaic
that all have helped to pattern and the
resulting fabric is so permeated by
its numerous elements that it has lost
the specific character of race or locality and become cosmopolitan, All
this granted, is the incubus of llan-
I'telianisni about tn settle down on
Vancouver. Last year, the Yuletide
season brought about half-a-dozen
presentations of "The Messiah." This
year, the same procedure is being followed. Xow, of course. "The Messiah" is sui generis, a wholly admirable thing, a Hritish institution, part
of the Englishman's religion, someone has called it. But is Vancouver
large enough to require half-a-dozen
performances at Christmas?
The religious spirit it engenders is
peculiarly fitting to the season, but is
it not the music distinctly fitting of
an age, and words and spirit apart, lovers of music who would willingly
attend all six performances, sometimes balk at half-a-dozen draughts
from the Handelian well. It is questionable whether the music-lover of
today is as deeply enravished with
thc divine strains as was a near contemporary of the great composer who
thus records his feelings. "When the
Vast concording Unity of the Whole
Congregational Chorus came (as 1
may say') Thundering in (note the
capitals), even so it made the very
"ground shake umler us. Ob, the unutterable ravishing soul's delight! I
was so transported and wrapt tip into
high contemplations that there was
no room left in My Whole Man, viz.,
Body, Soul, and Spirit, for anything
below Divine and Heavenly Raptures."
Perhaps it is that Ihc blare and
oaring flights of Wagner, the subtle
chromatic shimmer and polyphonic
breadth and richness of modern chorale and orchestral writing make one
less responsive to the simpler forms
of an earlier day. If that is hut symptomatic ol" a vitiated taste, then, at
least one may plead for the inclusion
of Bach and Beethoven and Brahme,
leaving out of mention the modern
British composers who have to their
credit works of a nature eminently
fitted to the symbolic nature of the
Christmas season.
The Christmas Oratorio to. German Requiem, or thc Mass in B Minor of Bach would, for instance, provide both an admirable study for some
enterprising choir and a delightful
change to the listener. The motet,
"Jesu, Priceless Treasure," its ten
sections strongly contrasted, is a
splendid exercise for a body of singers, could it not be recommended to
some ambitious choir desirous both of
benefitting itself musically and intensifying the interest of its performance
to tbe local public.
Carol singing, too, there might be
more of at tbis season. The old favorites, "Good King Wincelas," "The
First Xowell." "Good Christian Men
Rejoice," the."Coventry Carol," "Remember God's Goodness," and the
old Alsatian "Sleep, Little Dove,
Sleep," can bear hearing once a year.
The modern hymn-tune type of carol
sometimes fails to catch the spirit of
tbe old facile lay that was more like
a folk song than an ecclesiastical work
of art. The medieval singer was very
close to Heaven.
The semi-i agan elements absorbed
into the church made religion less a
thing concerned with lhe after life
than with the present. There was
room for every mood, feeling ranged
freely over the festival from the rollicking mirth and steaming wassail-
bowl to the thought of ihe Christ-
child lying in the manger. And in this
naive simplicity lies, much of the
charm of the quaint old strains,
Even  without    the    accompanying
music, the metre can dance along as
I never words have danced  since ���
|   -Now sweet "Son, sm it is. so.
That all thing is at Thy  will,
I I pray thee grannie me a bone,
; i! it be both right and skill
i That child or man lhat will or can
Be merry upon My day.
[To blisse hem bring, and  I  shall sing
| l.ullay.  by  by.   lulkiy."
Then there is the Cherry tree carol
that, after a quaint folklore story
breaks out into���
"As Joseph was a-walking
lie heard an Angel sing:
This night shall be born
Our  Heavenly King;
1 te neither shall be born
In house or in hall
Xor in the place of paradise / -������.
But in an ox's stall.
He neither shall be rocked
lu silver nor in gold
But in a wooden cradle
That rocks on the mould."
The carols of oldeii days Were not
all equally happy, however. The comic
element had as in the miracle plays
often to find a place and the shepherds as in these precursors of drama
were also prominent figures, smacking
of rural England rather than the land
of the nativity. A native carol with
an obvious moral hails from Hertfordshire. The Christ-child is represented
as wanting to play with some lords'
and ladies' children, who scorn him,
with  the dreadful  sequel that���
"Our   Saviour   built   a   bridge   with
the beams of the Sun.
And over it Ile gone. He gone He:
And  after   that  followed  tbe  three
jolly jardins
And drownded they were all three."
Mary reproaches him and whips him
with a bundle of withes, whereat lie
"Oh, the withy, it shall be the very
first tree
That perishes at the heart!"
An older version, however, savors
less of the natural spirit of man. It
is thc mother who asks her son to���
"Take away these sinfoul souls
And dip them deep in hell."
Whereat the Christ spirit shines
"N'ay, nay," sweet Jesus said,
"Nay, nay that may not be,
For there are many sinful souls
Crying out for the help of Me."
Quite a faint, clear echo of the far-
off minstrels rings in recent war verse
by that sweet, poignantly tender sing
er, Katherine Tynan, bringing us a
benison of today��� .      ��� -      '     ...
"Xow tell me, good merchants,
How this thing can lie    ��r, - *
That the 'white ships arc thronging
The roads of the sea?
"0, listen, good people,
And hearing, praise God,
That the watch-dogs are keeping
The ships on tlieir road."
The New Chief Commander
What Sir Douglas Haig's Promotion Means to the Fighting Men
in France      :���:     Britton B. Cooke in   "Canadian   Courier"
A Scotchman moves in and an
Englishman moves out of a cold and
draughty mansion in the town where
British Headquarters arc: and all the
world, gaping, squats down as near
as it can get to watch what may follow. Sir John French goes to Bottl
Ogne in a dirty-grey colored limousine, and is ferried across the channel
on a TBD. Sir Douglas Haig's or
derly will fetch his bags from a cer
tain lesser mansion, rather a dilapida
ted one at that, where Sir Douglas
has been getting his meals recently.
That, so far as outer appearances arc
concerned, is all that happens. The
change of supreme commanders in
France may gravely affect the Outcome of the greatest struggle in the
history of the human race. It touches
the destiny of Empires,, the course of
world politics, and the rise and fall of
new forces, political, moral and social. Vet nothing .in the event itself
gives promise, one way or another,
of these things. It looks like nothing
more thaji a shifting of luggage and
a different initial on the more important Orders of the Hay. The same
Taubes will from time to time swing
overhead   trying   to   pick     out.   this
trary, notwithstanding. Field Marshal:
in France do not get very close to
their men. This should be obvious,
but isn't, because people still think iu
terms of Napoleon and his piffling little armies that were no bigger than
a large family when compared to
modern armies. Field Marshal Sir
John French used to travel over various parts of his line fairly regularly.
Sometimes he went in a limousine
with a patent table in front of him
on which his maps were spread if
necessary. Sometimes be rode his
horse. At nights he was either given
a bed in somebody's brigade headquarters, or by careful arrangement
of his schedule he got back to his
own house in time for dinner, lie
was about as close to his men as Sir
Thomas Shaughnessy or Sir William
Mackenzie or Sir Donald Mann to the
railway army of Canada. .Once in a
long time be made a speech or sent
them a message���fine, cheery messages, most of them were���on ordinary military despatch forms which C.
O.'s or. their assistant officers read
out to the men at convenient seasons.
There, have been cases where the
Field Marshal actually met and shook
In selecting' M. A. Macdonald as their candidate in the event of a bye-
election in Vancouver the Liberals of that constituency have made an excellent choice. Mr. Macdonald is a man of exceptional attainments and
ability. There are few, if any, in this, province who have a wider knowledge of public affairs, for although lie has not held office lie has been for
years one of the foremost figures in his parly. He possesses, in a notable
measure, all the attributes which make for success in public life. Ile
knows the province and its problems. As an orator and political campaigner he has few equals in Canada, lie has strong convictions, is deeply earnest and has a wholesale hatred of sham and pretence. He is a type of
which thi* province is sorely in need today and we have no fear that Van-
comer will not record its appreclationjbf thc fact when given an opportunity.
house from the other houses and drop
a bomb on it. There will be a different face at the end of the mess table
when the General dines in company,
and a different voice in the telephone
transmitter. The.fighting men in the
far ends of thc fighting line will feel
very little difference. They may never
even see this new commander. For
them, apparently, the same round of
things: a scrap sooner or later and a
limping roll-call after it; a few hours
of Hell and then some dirty German
trenches to clean up and make look
like home. But the boss at the G. H.
Q.?   H !    What's he matter?
Of course it matters, even to the
Tommy. The news that there was
to be a change in commanders has
been in tbe trenches for a long time,
and the knowledge that Sir Douglas
Haig was to succeed General French
has been claimed in dozens of messes. What difference the change of
commanders would bring about has
been shredded long ago. If Robertson got thc job everyone was prepared to be miserable as all-get-out���
and win the war in a fortnight, fot
Robertson has, as they say in Ptoeg-
strccte, "some rep" as a "scrapper."
If Smitb-Dorrien had been appointed
to the position instead of being sent
to Africa everybody would have patted himself all over, as it were, and
said, "now for business." Sir Douglas
Haig was about as intelligently anticipated.
Sunday  special  stories  to the  con-
hands with men and went through
dug-outs and trenches, but they necessarily were rare. "There goes
French!" somebody would exclaim,
and point hastily after a limousine.
In spite of the insurmountable barrier of time and space between the
men and tlieir commander-in-chief,
they get to know him in the trenches. One hears all sorts of things
that indicate the interest the men
take in these remote personages. They
have tlieir estimates of them, and
they have their likes and dislikes.
French was liked for the way he
treated the men. That is to say, he
Iconsidered their comfort whenever
possible, and he employed them carefully. He was not the" sort to sacrifice a few hundred lives in a testing-
out movement here, or a petty raid
over there. He was not the German
sort that would pour men by. the
thousands into a gap which could only be held at enormous costs. And he
did not play favorites. That is a
most important consideration in the
mind of your soldier. French used
all parts of the army as nearly evenly
as possible. He was not the kind of
Soldier who, when a corps proves itself specially valiant, works it to
death rather than risk troops he
knows less about. Whether French
on the other hand was too sparing of
his men, too willing to protect them
and too loath to use them as a mere
inexhaustible store of necessary material���is another question.   The men
used   to   say   be   never   sent   enough
troops on an errand.
There is a different feeling about
Haig. The men know him little lit'ller
than they knew French. Haig, they
say, studies the special abilities of his
men and makes use of them with these
points ale. ays in mind. They say that
when he finds a certain unit capable
of greater tenacity than usual imilei
adverse conditions, he makes a note
of the fact, and when he has a dirty
job that requires this sort of man,
he -.ends for 'em and. says, in effect.
"Bovs. This is your kind of work.
Go to it." When he finds troops that
are specially good at making good
trenches he is liable to keep them
moving from time to time, always in
new parts of the line, so as to make
them improve the whole system of defences under his command. Thcv say
he is a believer in big numbers in an
assault and less in reserve, whereas
French believed in heavier rserves and
lighter assaulting parties. More gossip.
These things, however, are more
certain. Ile is a man of great energy.
He acts quickly, and he has enough
originality to keep his opponent uncertain of his movements, lie is the
sort of man who places great reliance
upon the force of initial shock. At
the same time he not one to underestimate the value of, or to neglect
providing for sustained effort in the
face of difficulty, lie began his career at twenty-four in tlu: 7th Hussars.
He was the youngest son of a Justice
of the Peace in Fife, John Haig, and
Rachel Veitch, bis wife, daughter of
a wealthy Scotsman, of Slewartfield.
Midlothian. Young Haig's firsl distinction came in polo playing. He
rode like a part of the horse, and had
a quick eye and sure stroke of the
arm. He was quick and daring, sometimes rash. He remained a bachelor
till he was thirty-four, devoting himself in the meantime to more sport
and further military studies, lie was
soon adjutant of his regiment, later
he graduated from the Staff College
Presently; when Kitchener's cam-r
paign in the Soudan was drawing to
a close, he secured an appointment
in that field and did good work. When ;
the South African War broke oul he!
was brigade major al Aldefshot, lie J
accompanied General French to the'
field and won lhe brevets of lieuten-[
ant-colonel and colonel. When that I
campaign was over he was turned
over to India as Inspector General of
Cavalry. At forty-three he was ii
Major-General, and passed from one
important post to another as the War
Office directed. He was thus Director
of Military training for a time, Director "of Staff Duties, Chief of the 'General Staff in India, and was id command at Aldershot.
It is in keeping with the character
of the new Commander-in-chief that
he was the than selected by Sir John
French to deliver thc main attack at
X'euve Chappelle. Tin' First Army
under his command did thc striking.
The other forces were engaged to
hold the rest of the line and put up
counter demonstrations. In other
words, Sir Douglas Haig is a man of
positive temperament, one .who will
always bc the aggressor when possible. He does not, it is said, do his
best work on the defensive, although,
in the gloomy days when the British
army was first in France, he conducted rear-guard actions brilliantly.
"Energy and vigor," "ability and
power," "able and skilful dispositions"
are terms used by Sir John French in
his report of Sir Douglas Haig's work
at X'euve Chappelle. Sir John is not
the sort of man to use terms loosely
or to give praise where it is not due
In Prance, it was said recently, when
the abilities of commanders were discussed, that there could be no differ-
nice in magnitude between Sir John
French and Sir Douglas Haig. though
one was then commander-in-chief and
the other his subordinate; the real difference between the men was in physical strength, years and temperament.
Sir John is sixty-three and Sir Douglas fifty-four. Sir John has borne a
heavy strain for fifteen or sixteen
months. Sir Douglas Haig's responsibilities have been lighter. Sir John
is of a more nearly phlegmatic disposition. Sir- Douglas is more nearly
nervous. One man is dogged the
other  incisive:  both  great  leaders.
���      "Never Touched by Human Hands"
Are You Worried
About Baby?
Tlie problems "I feeding infanta
and tlu- younger children In come a
burden to Mother- when f.,r anv Cause
the litilc Miic is deprived of the sup.
niy  which  nature provides- or  should
have provided for it. Nothing van 111-
quite so good as the milk of a healthy   Mother.     1 int   there   an-   teni   ot
thousands    of    balms    each    year    who
musl   depend  on  other  lhat   Mother's
Milk, thousands lo whom a SAFE
substitute is a matter of l,fe oi death.
The feeding problems of these babies,
also    the    elder    children,    aie    farther
complicated by ihc difficult) many
Mothers  have in obtaining a  satisfsc
lory   supply  ol  sale  Cow'l   Milk.
Sou-Van Milk
Here's    milk    lhal    is    ic.llly \reliable   -
from a health standpoint' it's unapproachable. It is produced pure, is
carefully handled in transit from the
ranches io our Sanitary  Hairy,  when
il is perfectly pasnuri/ed, clarified.
cooled, boltled and capped under approved conditions.    Order a trial hoi
tie and  lest   its exceptional  merits.
Try These
Sou-Van Products
BUTTER MILK���loeshlv churned
iu our sanitary dairy daily fully
opened am! properly prepared. A
rich. wholesome, food drink ���
rood alike for adults and children.
Phone  S��ymour  3406
Miss Bertha Gardner
Notable   Opera   Soloist,   direct
from the Trenches
Three times daily, 2.45, 7.15, 9.15
Matinee, 15c; Night, 15c & 25c
v-s|    i ��� THE STORE OF PLENTY
LdgettS 118 Hastings St. W.
Sugar���18-lb. sack pure cane, regular $1.5f>.   Special, if pur- ���       Ai   nr
chasctl with $1.00 worth of our Tea nr Coffee .:   ��]pl.a<JO
Apples���225. boxes R. C. Jonathans. Newton Pippins, Greening?,
Wagners, worth $1.75 box, for 	
Oranges���Fancy new sweet navels, regular 45c <loz.
',  Catsup, 25c bottles 15c;      Peaches, 20c tins, 2 ior 25c;    30c  Pickles, 20c 1
Maple Syrup���Special, guarantee')..pure. 511c (piart
bottle    ���	
Flour���49-lb. sack N'o. 1 Manitoba Hard Wheat,
regular $2.00  ���
Tomatoes, Peas, llcans, regular 2 for 25c. Special,
3 for   ���	
Rogers' Syrup, 5-lb. pails, regular 35c.
Special   .'  ���	
Rice���Fancy large, regular 4 lbs. lor 25c,
Special, 7 lbs. for	
Shorts, 10 Olbs.. regular $1.40, special $1.20;  Bran,  100 lhs.. regular $1.30
Special      ���    $1.15
Soap���Fels-Kaptha (genuine), regular 85c carton,
Special, for   ....'. ���	
Jam���Pure new strawberry jam, regular 30c glass jars
|  Criseo���Special, reg. 35c tin for 25c; Rolled Oats, fresh ground. 7 lbs. 25c
Sey. 5868-5869 * Orders Delivered C.O.p. Mail Orders Rushed


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