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The Standard Apr 28, 1917

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Array ���m
"to distribute good
a bivs is almost as
good  as  creating
Vol. V., No. 50���Established 1911.
Price Five Cems
Hard Worl( of Travellers Has
Made Success of War Dance Sure
HPTER months of unsparing work, intensified
to almost feverish pitch during the past few
weeks, the llritish Columbia Commercial Travellers
now have the supreme satisfaction of being about to
see their ambitious scheme crowned with splendid
Stwsess. The week of tile Carnival and War Dance
hpwarrived. '
Vancouver owe-, a deep debt of gratitude to the
commercial men whose unbounded optimism and unflinching loyally one to the other, ami lo the community, have made it possible lor an undertaking of
this magnitude to be conceived, and carried oul, iii
tlie face of difficulties and obstacles which would have
appalled an ordinary man. Only men whose salt of
life, whose breath of existence is keen competition,
���could have carried out the program as originally planned. But the commercial men have done more. They
have branched out and widened the original scope,
until by their efforts they have made the War Dance
an attraction of stupendous magnitude, which will
during the next few days draw lens of thousands of
visitors to this city.
The original intention of the organizers of the War
Dance was to raise the sum of $72,304 for patriotic
purposes. There is no doubt today that the net receipts will be greatly in excess of this; probably over
$100,000. All of this is to be turned over to the beneficiaries" of the Carnival, the Red Cross Material
Fund, the Returned Soldiers' Fund, the Canadian Patriotic Fund, and the British Sailors' Relief Fund.
It* is almost impossible for the outsider to realize
thc magnitude of such an undertaking as this War
Dance and Carnival, more particularly when it is being staged and managed by'men whose business activities have been, in almost every case, confined to
other lines of enterprise. But success breeds success,
and once the scheme got well under way, there never
was any doubt of the ultimate realization of the hopes
of the promoters, provided the enthusiasm did not
wear off. It didn't. Day after day and night after
night,-the committeemen were together, working and
planning, planning and working, witli a common end
in view, the realization of their hopes, the hitting of
that $72,304 bull's-eye.    And they've done il.
If it is fair to single out any one man as a super-
worker, the dynamic manager. Mr. A. R. Kelly must
be mentioned, lie has been here, there, everywhere,
directing, organizing, smoothing out difficulties, securing concessions, interviewing civic or provincial
organzations, until it seemed as if no one man could
possibly do all that. But the "King" kept it up, and
like Oliver Twist, asked for more. His capacity for
work seemed Unlimited.
II. B, McKelvie, who is the assistant manager, is
the originator of the idea to hold a War Dance and
Carnival, and from thc day the bright thought first
struck him until midnight next Saturday, the idea will
never have been out of his mind for more than a few
minutes at a time. He, too, has done marvels in the
organization and perfecting of details, and has never
overlooked an opportunity to push the good work-
The names of thc members of the executive committee, which so well deserves the thanks of every
citizen of Vancouver for the good work that has been
���done, must be mentioned. Here they are: W. J. Wilson, chairman; Percy Martin, vice-chairman: W. W.
Moore, secretary; S. E. Dean, treasurer; D. M. Macdonald, C. B. Nickerson. C. Welch, W. B. TuUidge,
N. S. Rattray, F. W. Dean, P. Higginson. W. A. Allan, F. W. Evans, C. A. Ross, R. L. Phelps. Frank Mclntyre, D. IT. Dick and J. H. Hudson.
���Ir^lMj;-1'^ ������   -���;'1|.:m':I-i:;i-!:.��� -.. ��� ���: ;V,..11--;--���,' ���.- ',',',,!:
Tate Made It Very Clear That
Reptile Fund Went to lhe Tories
QOW that the full text of D'Arcy Tate's evidence
before thc P. G. E. inquiry committee at Victoria is in hand, it is very evident that part of the corruption fund of half a million dollars was distributed
among the Conservative party. Nowhere iu Tate's
evidence is here a word which can be understood as
meaning that he subsidized the Liberal party.
He does not even say he tried. The impression
that the Liberals had been co-profiters with the Tories
in this dirty money was skilfully fostered by thc Conservative press of British Columbia, for the sole purpose of befogging the main issue, and impairing the
credit of the Liberal party.
But it will take more than a distortion of sworn
evidence to shake the faith of British Columbia in
the honesty' of the leaders of the Liberal H^rty. The
eyes of the public were opened last September, and
^"nough has happened since tliat time to keep everybody wide awake. The P. G. E. scandal cannot be
minimized by trying to place some of the blame on
innocent shoulders.
Just read this extract from the official report of
the inquiry:
(S. S. Taylor, K.C., as counsel for the minister of
railways, is questioning the star witness, D'Arcy
Q._What were the incidental expenses you had to
take care of out of this $500,000 given to you by the
P. G. E. people ? A.���I undertook to take care of the
campaign funds.   That is what you are after, isn't it ?
Q.���That is my duty. You were to take care of
campaign funds?   A.���Yes.
Q.���To what extent did you take care of campaign
funds? A.���I don't think that is a proper question. I
fulfilled my duty, and I took care of campaign funds.
Q.���I think that is one of the most important questions to be answered in this investigation and you
should answer it. A.���I think that is a personal matter, because any campaign funds that I paid, I paid
out "of my own pocket.
(Continued on page two.)
Heavier Taxes to De Levied
On War Contracts Profits : It Was Time
IX his budgel Bpeech before lhe House at Ottawa
on Tuesday, Minister of Finance Sir Thomas
White announced that it was now proposed to impose
additional taxes on profits made ou war contracts by
the many firms and individuals wliich are iu any way
providing materials or munitions for the Allied armies.
In the oast taxes have been 25
per cent, ol    proflts
above seven per cent., in the case of incorporated companies, and 25 per cent, on profits exceeding 10 per
cent, in the case of private individuals, or partnerships.
The effect of a tax levied in this manner, of course,
has been that the cost of goods was bolstered so that
the manufacturer would not be affected by the 25 per
cent. tax. The scheme never hit Big Husiness in the
vulnerable spot���the pocketbook. Tlie contractor
quite cheerfully shot up his prices until his profits
netted him as much or more than he was making before the imposition of the so-called war tax.
It would be childish to suppose that the members of
the government at Ottawa did not realize long ago
just how this so-called war tax would operate. They
knew very well that the tax would make absolutely no
difference to lhe manufacturer. Ol" course they
knew. I hit then, the Conservative government was
ever the friend and servant of the Big bellow. It may
be the public's money that is being grafted in this
manner, but so long as part ol* il comes back to the
Conservative campaign funds, the Tories see no cause
for worry.
The proposals outlined in the budget speech call
for the lax to be imposed in this way: Fifty per cent,
on all profits in excess of 15 per cent, but not exceeding 20 per cent., and 7S per cent, mi profits in
excess of 20 per cent, a year on capital. Xo distinction is made between incorporated firms and individuals.   The burden is now equally divided.
The ostensible object of the change i- to discourage
large profits, and lo try and keep lhe war-profiteers
within reasonable bounds, Just how llu- scheme will
work oul remains to bc seen.
It is worth considering that ii had taken the governmeni nearly three years to lake thi- step lo check
the gold grabbing tendencies of snme nf these later-
day land buccaneers. England tackled the problem
long ago, when tin- lavish squandering nf blood-profits
by a number of unscrupulous contractors was on ihe
verge of becoming a national scandal, Australia has a
law" in force thai gives the war contractor a fair profit
on his investment, bul anything over thi-- fair return
iis practically confiscated in the slate. The same has
been done in several other countries.
Hut Canada has lagged along until now. Why the
sudden change: It must be thai Sir Sam Hughe- has
arranged that the war will end this fall, and therefore;
war contracts will soon be a thing nf the past.
���' Play Ball!" A Cry Thai Stirs
The Blood of All Good Americans
CHE opening of the baseball season nn tin- Northwestern League circuit this week has turned tiie
thoughts of all Vancouver American- towards their
national pastime. < Ither countries may have what
ihey term national sports, but America is the only
nation in which one garni' is so far in advance of all
others in popularity lhat it may be said to have no
Baseball is typical of the aggressive American
spirit, a spirit which is distinct and different from that
of any other nationality. It i- the natural result of
the homogenity of the race, the fusion into one nf
many types and ideals. Baseball is a game which demands quickness of thought, rapidity of action, a sure
eye, unerring aim, speed, stamina and an infinite capacity to stand up against the other fellow. The Americans have all these qualities, and many more, as
they have shown, not only on the diamond, but in
every other sphere of activity.
Now that the United States is taking its part in lhe
World War. we may with confidence look forward to
seeing the sous of I'ncle Sam give as good an account
nf themselves on the battle field- of Europe a- tliey
have done in thc past on the baseball diamond. If. as
has been said, the battle of Waterloo wa- won nu the
playing fields of Eton, may it not he true that the
decisive battle of Armageddon maj yel be said to!
have been won on the baseball diamonds ni America.
Eyes of Americans Are Opened
To Effects of War In Homeland
Jnrti [THIN lhe next few days thc world will know
*l/ just how much success is going to attend America's first effort lo raise an army of men for service
during the greal war, into which the L'nited States
has but recently entered. Even wilh conscription in
force, there are many obstacles to be overcome, as the
dislocation of industries is to be avoided as much as
possible, mure particularly those industries manufacturing munitions of war. or oilier goods indespens-
able to the American governmeni or its Allies in the
field across the waters.
The effect of the new order of things on tlie agricultural industry is also causing grave concern lo lhe
authorities. Recognized leaders everywhere are displaying almost frenzied energy in organizing against
a possible shortage of foodstuff.-. Quite recently the
editors ami publishers of farm magazines and journals, with an estimated circulation nf lO.OOO.(XX). held
a conference to decide on the besi means of impressing
their readers with the absolute necessity of making
this year's crops the biggest in lhe history of the nation. Secretary of Agriculture Houston, al whose
suggestion this conference wa.- called, has grouped
around him a corps of experts whose services will be
at the disposal of farmer- in any part of the L'nited]
There is also a plan to place men rejected for BiilH
tary service in what may be styled the agricultural;
service of the country. !
With tlie benefit of experience gained, at tremendous cost, by the other nations, the United States should
be able to proceed along highly efficient lines, and
conserve its resources to the uttermost.
Another Revivalist Is Coming lo
Save Us From Eternal Damnation
6 VERY so often a reverend gentleman takes a
good -quare look at Vancouver, .-hake- hi- head
more in sorrow than in anger, heaves a deep sigh,
peels off his coat, tear- off hi- clerical collar ami
Wades right  in tu -ave US from lhe  fire- of hell.
Then he lakes up a collection, nr accepts a gifl from
friends. After which he proceeds In -nine other town
and steers it from the greasy slide tu destruction.
Hilly Sunday splurged anathemas all over Vancouver a few month- ago, enough and plenty tu last us for
a few year-. Ile left the town tin belter than he found
il. What good he may have accomplished i- Inn negligible In be considered.
Xow we are going to have another revival, with theI
Rev, Dr. Frank Oliver in the glare nf the spotlight.
He is going tu mate in a big wooden tabernacle, tn be1
buill ill defiance uf the city fire bylaw-., mi llu- old]
courthouse square. Prom hi.- point ni vantage he will|
throw the harpoon into Ihe devil and yank him clean
nut nf thi- burgh, lie will rout sin, remove temptation, exorcise evil spirits, and issue free passes tu the
Happy Hunting Grounds to all who pike along the
sawdust trail to the penitent bench. From what The
Standard can learn, this Oliver person will be "there"
with all the usual circus trimming-, including a mass
choir and reinforced hands.
Dr. Oliver has a vulgar command of vigorous language.   Here's just one sample from a recent sermon :
"I hope the Almighty makes Vancouver so dry that
they'll have to prime a man before he can spit."
We can expect a lot more choice expressions of thi-.
type from this preacher with a punch during the rr-1
vival in the wooden shack.    It's the rough sliui that j
draws thc crowd: it's cheaper than a vaudeville show,
though in the same class.
A number of well-meaning bul misguided Vancouver men ate putting up the money necessary for
the revival campaign. They beliece that in thi- way
they will be instrumental in swelling the population of I
the heavenly spheres, and in giving the census taker.-j
down below an easy time in years tn come.
(Continued on page two.)
Horrors! Our Old Friend Snitz Edwards
Is Chasing After Clara Kimball Young
GUT out in open meetin', in plain sight o[
-cure- of Vancouver people who knew him intimately, "Snitz" Edwards materialized his shadow on
j the Rex Theatre screen this week, and went on to behave something scandalous. Honestly, ynu who know
"Snitz." and who didn't meet him there���well, you
missed it.
What? You don't remember ���'Snitz!" A little
sawed-off, short-barrelled, nervy, sin-hardened cuss,
who knew every method uf getting the money from
the other fellow, from ihe -hell game up to stocks and
bonds. The kind of a humorist who could walk up to
| the late unlamented Hetty Green and borrow a thousand dollar- un an unendorsed note written in disappearing ink.
Honestly, he was so had that he even went to Calgary and sold oil stuck! Can you think of anything
worse ?
"The Price She Paid" was the official title of the
film play in which "Snitz" appeared at the Rex Clara
Kimball Voung is the she star all the way through.
Vou all knuw what that mean.-. Clara can go nearer
, the danger mark than any other female actress in the
j business, and nut get tripped up. Understand, we
only speak of what happens in front of the camera.
In the play -he's always the little girl just ahead of
the scheming satyr wlm makes a hobby of giving
young innocent maids a chance tn get out of the strait
and narrow rut and take in a few cabarets, with the
tabasco finish.
So far���and we've seen the fascinating Clara playing with fire -cure- uf limes���she's managed to stave
off the ultimate moment. Hut we're going lo keep
right mi seeing Clara's film dramas. Some day she'll
linger just a little lm. long, and we want to be there
at the finish.
That'- the way mir uld friend "Snitz" feels about it.
tun. "Snitz" left Calgary, in a hurry, same as the
other oily promoters, and got into tlic moving picture
business. Clara needed a "male heavy" who understood her temperament, and who'd had lots of experience in real life. Ol" course "Snitz" got the job.
What he doesn't knuw about that oould be written with ���
a piece ni chalk on thi edge of a postage stamp.
Well, there was "Snitz" right in front nf scores of
bis uld time friends and associates, doing a scandal-
mi- screen flirtation with lhe alluring Clara, and trying hard tn make her learn tu love .him. "Snitz"
couldn't have worked anf harder if he'd been in real
earnest, with some hope of a less substantial reward
than mere dollars and cents.
Hut alas fur "Snitz." and fortunately for Calara's
reputation, -he wouldn't, nu. she wouldn't.
��� ���.������:.'-"?::".   .'/
Proper Organization for Marketing Is
Big Need of Canada at This Time
XX his bonk "Rural Denmark'" Sir 11. Rider Hag
gard says: "Whatevei else may be doubtful or
open to argument in connection with Danish agriculture one thing remain- clear, namely, that it owes the
greater part of such prosperity as it possesses to the
working of the co-operative movement." On the
same page he points out that in Great Britain co-oper-
Keeping Op Efficiency Means
The Passing of the Mighty
GW() and a half year.-, speaking from the purely
military standpoint, is a long time. In France,
Foch, victor of La Fere Champenoise, where the decisive blow in the great Marne battle was struck, is
retired from active service. I le joins Joffre, French,
Manotiry, Castelnau, Ivanoff, Dinitrieff. von Haussen
and von Kluck, all prominent iu the news of August
and September, 1914, but no longer in harness.
Foch, though he has never since been as gloriously
successful as when he smashed the Prussian Guard
between the marshes nf St. Gond and the village of
Sommesous, Sept. 9, 1914, will never be forgotten bv
the French people. And ihe future historian, seeking
lo rivet his reader'- attention, will surely not omit that
truly Gallic report which he sent to Joffre on the night
ni Sept. _���>': "My left is shaken: my cenlre is retreating:
my right i- broken; I shall attack." Not bombast, this:
jusl a -ulclier'- statement uf the only thing left for him
to do. \c\ whn Lint a Frenchman would have put it
in jusl those words, which give us a glimpse of the
spirit thai says every where, a- at Verdun: "They shall
noi pas-!"
Now Is the Time to Conserve
The Youth of Our Land
DOW tliat the time has come when thc nation must
conserve its energy and all its resources, it might
will take heed of the alarming growth of the cigarette
habit. It was not long ago that the United States
treasury announced that in 1916 the use of cigarettes
increased 43 per cent, over the year previous. In that
period the United States levied a tax on 25.232,960.-
928 cigarettes, compared with 17,939,234,208 in 1915.
These figures, moreover, do not include the "nails"
rolled by the smokers themselves.
Government officials sought to find the source of
the tremendous increase and hit upon the idea that the
spread of cigarette smoking among thc women oi the
.country wa,s largely responsible. It is doubtful if
this is a very material factor. One of the principal
sources of the increase is found in the widespread use
of cigarettes bv boys���youths nf school age. Nowadays the hoy in the high school, or even the higher
grades of grammar school, and the boys of the colleges, who t\a not smoke are comparatively few.
There are several hundred restaurants and public
dining rooms in Vancouver, selling meals at anywhere
from fifteen cents up. Some just feed their customer's, others serve meals, and a very few tempt the appetite bV their excellent catering. For all-round satisfaction, there is no place in Vancouver that can
equal the Hudson's Hay 35-cent lunches. We are just
back from tliere, and "out of the fullness of the
stomach the mouth speaketh."'
Upon the behavior of Jupiter Pluvius next week depends to a great extent the success of thc P.. C. Commercial Travellers' War Dance Carnival. You can't
expect people to be happy in an open air cabaret when
it's wet overhead, underfoot, and all around. Sunshine will mean thousands of dollars to the beneficiaries.
Will you encourage turning waste garden space into
food this summer?
The planting of the backyard garden is a "home defence" against thc high cost of living.
Waste ground and spare time may be jointly used
for the increased production of food.
aliou foi* ihe -ale uf produce is still in its infancy.
Tha; was four year- tier. Had Sir Rider been writing mi co-operation today he might have made a
similar statement iu regard tu Canada. The people of
Canada, like the people of Great llritain. do not rush
into far-reaching reforms even after they are convinced of the weaknesses of thc old system. Of the
people of Denmark more than 95 per cent were born
in the country. It i- easier for them than for a mixed
population, widely scattered, to follow a new lead. Cooperation must wait for a strong popular sentiment.
That sentiment is getting a hold in Canada and is being followed by organization, confidence and loyalty,
all of which are necessary to a permanent success.
It is easier to organize the producers of a single
crop than of many crops. The wheat raisers of the
prairie provinces have found it comparatively easy to
develop and maintain a strong marketing organization. Upwards of four thousand organized egg producers last year sold more than one million dozens of
eggs and a large quantity of poultry for a net valuation considerably exceeding $300,000. Twenty-six associations of sheep raisers disposed of almost a million
and three-quarters pounds of wool at a valuation of
more than half a million dollars. Fruit growers in
several provinces sold their fruit co-operatively. In the
west particularly live stock men arc agitating for better marketing facilities.
At no time in the history of aCnada has there been
a greater need of efficient co-operation among the
producers. We are working towards that end. but
progress is slow. Sometimes it almost seems as if we
didn't trust the other fellow in our line of business.
Possibly we do not- sufficiently realize that co-opera-
von is based on confidence.
/ '1 Wu
R1L 28,
1   1   "
I Continued from page one.)
Q.���Do you refuse to answer?
A.���Well, 1 will appeal to the committee. 1 only ask for fair play in
this matter ami for fair treatment in |
this matter. It was my own money.
Q.���You said that part of the arrangement was you were to take care
of the campaign funds? A.���Ami obtaining this charter.
Q.���K tliat is nut an important
thing, 1 don't know what is. Now.
what is it you were to do? A.��� It is
understood what campaign funds are.
It is not necessary for me to explain.
Q.���Well, wc want to know how
this money was spent. We don't
care what the party is���whether il
was Liberal or Conservative, or who
the individual is. 1 am here simply
instructed to ask tpicstions, and this
is one of the questions I am instructed to ask, and I am -discharging my
duty; but, as I tolci you before, it is
very unpleasant to have to ask it.
The Chairman: You have to answer it.
Witness: Well, my duty was to
take care of the campaign funds as
far as the Conservative party was1
Mr. Taylor: And to what extent
did you take care of the campaign
funds? A.���I would ask my counsel
if that is a proper question for me to
Mr. Maclean: Well, the position I
wish to take is this���
Witness: In the first instance���
Mr. Maclean: Just one minute. If
the Chairman desires this information I am going to ask Mr. Tate lo
give it. If you rule, Mr. Chairman,
although Mr. Tate does not want to
give tins information, naturally on
account of it being a private matter,
yet if you rule that he should give it,
and insist that it should be given, then
I say Mr. Tate is bound to submit to
the ruling of the chair.
The Chairman: Mr. Tate is not
hound to submit to a ruling of this
Chair unless it is right, and 1 understand hy Tate he was obligated by
the promoters and joint promoters of
this scheme to take from the funds
that he obtained in this way���he was
to take care of the campaign fund;
' anil my ruling is that that is all pertinent to this, inquiry. It is not a
case of what I desire or don't desire.
I am simply here to give my ruling,
and I rule it is pertinent to this inquiry.
Witness: Well, these funds I got
from Mr. Stewart���or thc funds which
were agreed I was to get from Mr.
��� Stewart���they were funds that were
in existence before the Pacific Great
Eastern was ever heard of; and inasmuch as it formed part of my own
personal property, I don't think that
the committee has jurisdiction to
compel me to answer.   T don't under
stand the remarks of the Chairman
-Mr. Taylor: Mr. Tate. I was asking you about two cheques which you
were given of $50.1X10 each; and you
say that there were several others
amounting tu $5(X),(XX); but there
were two cheques issued by P. Welch
out of the Pacific Great Eastern Construction Company's moneys, and
those were obtained formerly from
the government; the dates are January  16,  1915, and, subsequent dates.
Mr. Pooley: Now. 1 understand
that these moneys came out of Mr.
Stewart's own pocket; isn't lhat so?
A.���Yes. certainly:  absolutely.
Q,���And they have nothing to do
with Foley. Welch & Stewart? A.���
Mr. Taylor: Xow, the question I
ask you is, to what extent did you
take care of these campaign funds; 1
want to know what disposition you
made of them? A.���Well. 1 refuse to
Mr. Taylor: I intend lo ask Mr.
Tate to make an absolutely full
statement, and 1 don't care who it
hits. My instructions arc to ask the
question, and if it hits Liberals or
Conservatives, it makes no difference���no matter how high their office is, or how low their office; and
no matter who it is, we want the information.
The Chairman: Now* you have
heard thc question, are von ready for
Witness: 1 make this statement. I
made no payment to campaign funds
prior to the franchise of the Pacific
Great Eastern���prior to its being obtained and prior to the Act of Incorporation.
Mr. Taylor: Does Mr. Tate intend
to answer the question before the
motion is put?
The Chairman: I think the discussion has been exhausted. All those
in favor of the motion made by Mr.
Hall and seconded by Mr. Hanes say
"Aye." (Vote taken���motion carried.)
Thc motion is carried, hut T think
we had better have *> show of hands.
Mr. Hall (to Chairman): You can
vote nn that. ���
Ayes: Messrs. Farris. Anderson,
Hall, Hanes and Yorston. Xo%cs:
Messrs. Pooley, Ross, and Shatford.
Motion  carried.
"Mr. Taylor: Will vou answer the
question now. Mr. Tate? How much
of this $500.000���how much of i'.ic
moneys (yon st'lted them as being
$500,000, and if they were trior*; w,e
will not limit them to thatl have you
contributed /o campaign fends for
any parly? 1 don't care what the
party is. I want you to name the
party afterwards? A.���Well, T still
think. Mr. Taylor, that 1 should decline to answer that question, as being outside the scope of this investigation.
Q.���Do you refuse to answer? A.���
T have tn take that responsibility, T
am afraid.
And that's as far as Tate would go.
Kill IN iNliL   D    GROWN
������|^���������*��� ; "^~������*"������!���'
Ren'nie's Prize Swede Turnip, for table or stock; 4 ozs.,
20c; per lb.    .  65c
Rennie's  Derby Swede Turnip,  biggest cropper; 4 ozs.,
20c; per lb. ._..',.  -.. 70c
Perfection Mammoth Red Mangel, for stock 4 ozs., ISc
half lb., 25c; per lb. 45c.
Yellow Leviathan Mangel, good keeper; 4 ozs., 15c; half
lb., 25c; per lb., 45c.
Rennie's' Jumbo Sugar Beet, for feeding; 4 ozs.  15c;
half lb., 25c; per lb. 45c.
Select Yellow Dutch Onion  Sets; lb., 35c; 5  lbs. $1.70
Ehglish Multiplier Potato Onion Sets lb., 30c
5 lbs. for -1.40.
Rennie's'  Mammoth  Squash,   specimens 403  lb.   weight;
per package   25c
XXX Scarlet Round White Tip Radish  Pkg. 10c
oz., 20c; 4 ozs., 50c.
XXX Melting Marrow Table Peas (dwarf).. 4 ozs., 15c;
lh., 40c; 5 lbs., $1.90.
Round Pod Kidney Bush Iluttcr Beans 4 ozs., 15c;
lb., 55c; 5 lbs., $2.40.
Cool and Crisp Table Cucumber     I'kg., 5c
oz��� 15c; 4 ozs., 40c.
XXX  Early Table Sugar Corn  (very fine)   ....Pkg., 10c
lb��� 40c; 5 lbs., $1.90.
Rennie's' Fireball Round Table licet    Pkg., 10c
oz��� 20c; 4 ozs., 50c.
XXX   Early Summer    Cabbage    (heads    12 lbs.    each)
Package      10c; oz., 30c
Rennie's Market Garden Table Carrot      Pkg., 10c
oz��� 25c; 4 ozs., 75c.
Early Yellow Dauvers Onion, black seed      Pkg., 5c
oz., 20c; 4 ozs., 60c; per lb��� $1.90.
Rennie's Seed Annual Free to All.
Order through your LOCAL  DEALER or direct from
WM. RENNIE CO., Limited
Also at Toronto, Montreal, Winnipeg.
Canadian Northern Railway
1.00 A. H. SUNDAY
7.00 p.m.    Leave   VANCOUVER   Arriye a.m. H.ei
9.45 p.m.    Arrive    Chilliwack    Arrive a.m.    8.IS
11.00 p.m.    Arrive    Hope    Leave a.m. ��� 7.00
Full particulars may be obtained from any Canadian Northern Agent.
Phone Seymour 2482
(Continued  from page  one.)
They forget that the age of emotionalism is past: it died a  natural death
with  the   introduction  of  free  education.
If these good Christian men and
women who are footing the bill for
the Oliver vocal gymnastics want to
do their fellow man some lasting
good, there is an unfinished building
ou Georgia street thai needs attention. Let them apply their surplus
funds to the completion of ihis V
M. C, A. structure, Let them show
an example lo others, and set about
wiping out Vancouver's blot of
shame. That, indeed, would he a
praiseworthy object,
Probably  these   Ur.   Oliver  hackers
do not fully realize the immense
power for good the V. M. C. A, is in
this city, in providing for the young
men a clean common meeting place,
where the needs of the body arc considered of at least equal importance
to the needs of lhe soul. If they wish
to know just what is being done by
this institution, the management will
be pleased to send them an explanatory booklet.
The Y. M. C. A. is a power for good
not only in Vancouver and other big
cities, but it also follows thc young
man into the remote places of the
earth. At the present time this institution is applying itself untiringly
to the task of leavening the drudgery
of thc life of our hoys on the fighting
line in Europe; and in the training
camps in England and Canada. It is
the big connecting link with thc easy
life of the piping times of peace.
Rare statistics cannot properly convey correct conception of this work;
they will, however, help to show its
There is a V. M. C. A. encampment in every training camp in Canada.
In thc Lens Salient occupied at
the present time by the Canadians,
there are more than 50 branches of
the  Canadian  Y.   M.  C.  A.
Kighty-four men who rank as honorary captains have been sent overseas; 32 of these are now in France
Altogether over 500 persons under
Y. M. C. A. direction are serving our
boys in  the army.
Six conducting officers have been
appointed who will travel on transports with returning soldiers. They
will make, the east bound trip on
transports with  troops.
One million eight hundred thousand sheets of letter paner with envelopes and writing facilities are
provided free cverv month in France,
and two millions have been similarly
used in  Canada since  Tune.
On Request of soldiers overseas,
snapshots of their familics--are sent
to them.
Hundreds of tons of new and used
magazines are supplied in , England
and Canada each month.
Circulating libraries are kept in
many of the branch.es.
Vast quantities of athletic anil
games equipment are freely supplied
in England and France.
Testament and prayer cards have
been circulated by thousands.
Entertainments in the rest camps
in France, and the big camps in England always include moving pictures.
Often the small portable moving picture outfits arc used to entertain isolated units.
In France wherever the Y. M. C.
A. is, grafonolas are to be found. At
the present time there are 100 of these
instruments in Canadian branches in
Thc Canadian Y. M. C. A. in
France also owns 18 pianos. Every
evening finds thousands of Canadian
soldiers in concerts, entertainments
and lectures tinder Y. M. C. A. auspices.
A grcat contribution is made to
"the Spirit" of, the army in France
by supplying quantities of athletic
material, the concerts in the rest
camps, the service of the dugout canteens, etc.
This program involves an immense
outlay in huts, tents, etc. In France
these vary in size from tiny dugouts
to immense quarters where 2000 men
may bc accommodated in a concert
at one time, besides all the writing
and refreshment facilities.
Y. M. C. A. officers give special attention to soldiers in hospitals.
The home associations do their
part for our soldiers. In a summary
covering the winter seasons of 1915-
16 the following items appear:
46 Associations report a total of
over half a million baths.
1200 gymnasium classes were attended  by over  108,000 soldiers.
234 entertainments and socials attended by 42.954 soldiers.
246 religious meetings and Bible
classes with an attendance of 13.000
300 educational classes for soldiers
with 5507 in attendance.
Besides these special activities, the
association's service and staff are always ready for the soldier's call. In
some cases the Y. M. C. A. gymnasium is used for regular military
training. There are many instances of
physically unfit recruits receiving spe
cial treatment from Y. M. C. A. phy
sical directors and then being accept
cd for active service.
Government    Will    Try    to    Make
Everybody Contribute.
Premier Brewster has announced
that it is likely the government will
make a strong effort to collect ar-
rears of income taxes, hence salaried
men and those of private incomes who
despite an annual billing from the
tax collector have failed to pay any
rates will find themselves forced to
contribute large sums to the provincial  exchequer.
In  addition,  the    government  ex-
i pects  lo  obtain  over  a  million   from
I this   year's   income   taxes.     It   ii  in-
! tended   to  raise   lhe  exemption   limit.
��� however, from ?1000 to $15IX), so that
salaried men receiving less thai $125
ia month will not have any income tax
; to pay, with the exception of any arrears which may stand against them.
\ The government proposes to put forth
j every effort, however, to gather in
share of lhe profits of business firms
and   private   individuals   with     large
incomes  and   dereliction   in   the   past
in   connection   with   the   payment   of
these taxes will  this year only bring
added trouble  lo  the  income  taxpayer.
The polltax which the government
intends to levy from now on will be
$5 instead of the $3 which thc old
government levied prior to the ahoii-
tion of the tax altogether. Persons
who pay no other municipal or provincial taxes amount to $5 a year or
over will not be required to pay the
poll tax. It is designed to catch the
foreigner who makes
but has no stake in th
(From  the   loco Times.)
The steel lift bridge across the C.
P. R. tracks and connecting the
tracks of the Industrial Railway up
Ihe hill and along the dock, is now in
This bridge is to replace lhe old
wooden bridge which has done such
good service, but which was a source
of danger each time it had to be
moved to allow the C. P. R. to
The bridge is constructed of X-inih
beams hinged on the south side and
raised by blocks and cable attached lo
an "A" frame gallows and operated
by the hoist located at the new 10-
ton steel derrick.
With the installing of this lift
bridge a better grade is given to the
Industrial Railway at ihis point and
the danger of accidents greatly minimized.
(From the loco Times.)
Last Saturday about noon our good
ship 'Polarine" was making its way
homeward through the First Nar-
i..ws, and owing io some engine trouble slowed up to a standstill at this
point, which is always very rough
and a very narrow channel to navigate.
The "Polarine" had an oil scow ia
tow wliich threatened to collide with
her or carry her in to the rocks, and
the situation becoming ex'tremely
dangerous, and in order to avert
what looked like a disaster, the captain sent out distress signals.
In answer to these signals," assistance was obtained and the vessel
taken into West Vancouver where
her troubles were adjusted, and she
proceeded safely to loco.
living  her
In San Francisco, Cal., there was a
prominent lawyer who prided himself
on his astuteness in questioning Chinese witnesses. He was very nearsighted, so failed to note that the
dress of a Chinese witness was of
finer texture than that worn by an
ordinary coolie.
Instead of asking the usual questions as to age, occupation, etc., the
following dialogue  ensued:
Q.    What is your name?
A. Sell   Lung.
Q. Do you  live in  San   Francisco?
A. Yes."
Q, Vou  sabe  Ood?
A. Mr. Attorney, if you mean do I
understand the entity of our Creator.
I will simply reply that on Thursday evening next I shall address the
State Ministerial Association upon
the subject of the Divinity of Christ,
and shall be pleased if you will attend.���'Case and Comment.
Many happy returns to Baby, Miss
Dorothea Mary Hyatt, one year old,
April 14, 1917.
Mr. and Mrs. Bill Kaston or Vancouver, were the week end guest '<��
Mr. and Mrs. R. J. Cameron, at loco.
The horrors of war are multipliedl
American   patriotic   songs   arc   upon
us I
+ * *
A decent man  championing a bad
cause needs a strong stomach.
* * *
Use the    soft-pedal    in  criticising
your   fellow-citizens;   some   of   them
may marry into your family.
�� * *
If it takes nine tailors to make a
man, how many does it take to make
one of these peanut dandies?
* * *
Our  South  Vancouver  school  boy
complains that geology is the hardest
study.   Naturally, it's all about rocks.
* * *
When picking out a girl, remember:
the younger they arc, thc longer they
"The Standard" Job Dept. Phone: Seymour 470
Ignominious Oblivion for J. S. Sow-
per If His Charges
The Victoria Times newspaper, the
principal newspaper supporter of
Premier Brewster's administration,
has published the following editorial:
"Mr. Cowper must prove the serious charge he has laid at the door of
the attorney-general. He has raised
an issue wliich will involve thc disappearance of either Mr. Macdonald
or himself from the public life of the
province. The fact that he coupled
with it rumors concerning other matters known to be untrue, that he is
personally hostile to thc attorney-
general, nourishes a grievance against
thc government, and bas practically
abandoned thc vessel which carried
him into the Legislature in no way
detracts from the necessity of affording him the fullest opportunity of
making good the main and direct accusation which fell from his lips yesterday afternoon.
"Nor should thc assumption that
he has kept the charge imprisoned in
his mind for many months be considered as prejudicing his position. Between him and the "attorney-general
there should be a fair field and no
favors. If he proves his case Mr.
Brewster will have to choose a new-
first law officer. If he fails he must
t*ass into ignominious oblivion followed by the contempt of every respectable person in the province."
It isn't so much taking away a job
from Sir Richard Meliride. with
whom British Columbia has a score
to settle for hi.s thriftless reign as
premier, but thc curtailment of waste,
that should prompt the closing of
that B. C. entertaining bureau or club
in London, England. Politicians have
devised many foolish ways of spending public money, and this London
office business, carried on partly for
the purpose of "pulling the leg" of
British investors and also for the phr-
posc of providing a "good time" for
faithful partisan henchmen, is one of
the excrescences which might well bc
removed. If Sir Richard has a desire
to figure in London society, and the
upper circles generally, he should do
so at his own expense. British Columbia must get down to brass tacks.
���Winnipeg Tribune.
(From  the loco  Times.)
Whether you have yet lunched at
Grantham's noon hour cafe.
If the presentation of a bouquet nf
daffodils t" a certain Minstrel during
thc big show, was in admiration' or
If the fruitless attempts by thc
"Pipe Fitters Pride" to rest his foot
on .the footrail of the imaginary counter in the Minstrel Show, was a case
of force of habit.
If Boyden's trip to town the Saturday following the Minstrel Show
was to find out who a can of lobster
looks like.
Who put the "Ike" in Mi'e for his
Colony honsrc accommodation, and
was it fair play.
If Jack paid for his sleeping berth
on the Xew  Delta's on Saturday last.
something for his
Some can bear arms
Some can produce food
Some can make munitions
Some can give money
It is the privilege of all to help.
Are YOU doing your part ?
ALL EYES turn now to
r\ the Canadian Farmer,
for he can render the
in this sternest year of the
But���our farms are badly undermanned���25,000 men are needed on
the land.
With insufficient help, the Man on
the Land fights an uphill fight to
meet the pressing need for Food.
can help.
Municipal Councils, Churches and
Schools, and other organizations,
both of men and women, can render
National Service by directing all
available labour to the Land.
Farmers themselves can exchange
labour.   School boys can assist.
Were you raised on a farm? Can you
drive a team? Can you handle fork
or hoe? If you can't fight, you can
produce. Spend the Summer working on the Farm.
Let every man, woman and child in
the Dominion who has access to
Land, no matter how small the plot,
make it produce Food in 1917.
For information on any subject relating to
the Farm and Garden write:���
ONE of the novelties of the spring
season really seems to have
come to stay for a time, at any
r_\t_.< and that is the coat-frock, or
one piece dress. It is not very wide
in the skirt, and is quite severe in
outline, \ simply ornamented with
fancy buttons or braiding. Thc great
feature of decoration consists of two
outside large pockets, hanging loosely out from the dress, and braided or
embroidered. Any woman clever
with her needle, can embroider these
pockets, and at the same time a flat
"band for the neck might be done to
match and cuffs, thus making the
plainest of serge or garbardine frocks
<]ttite  smart in appearance.
It is quite a matter for one's own
decision whether one has a waist or
not these days, and even though ybu
should decide to have one, anywhere Irom hips to under your arms
is equally permissible. Should you
care about it, you can even go so far
as to have two waist lines, one being just above the hips, where the
fullness of the skirt is attached to
the straight corsage of tlie one-pice
frock, and the other indicated by the
loosely knotted sash or cord somewhere about the real waist line.
These sashes, which are tied loosely
with ends falling eith'er at the side or
front, as preferred, often form the
sole trimming of a dress. Tliey are
frequently made of chiffon, thc ends
finished with silk tassels or head
ornaments, and may bo, of a lighter
shade,of the. same, color, or of a contrasting color, to thc  frock itself.
Another form of trimming a skirt,
is to put a deep hem of another color or material, while small revers, or
cuffs, and flat neck band could bc
added to harmonise.
I am told by those that know, that
the bell' sleeve is t" be with us again
for summer wear, and can bc worn
long or short. It is a delightful
sleeve for hot weather, and has moreover the advantage of being easily
Simplicity is undoubtedly the key-,
note of dress at the present moment,
and that reminds me of a lovely little
crepe de chine frock which I saw the
other day. #lt was all very soft and
full and floppy, the skirt having a
very deep hem. About the neck was
a softly frilled fichu, the short hell
sleeves also frilled. The waist was
confined hy a girdle of old gold
galon, and a dainty bunch of silk
flowers rested where the ends of the
fichu  met  in  front.
Another pretty trimming, antl ode
which can be easily done at home by
the clever needlewoman, is smocking.
Tt lends itself most effectively to the
soft silks and crepes, and. can be
worked in contrasting shades.
* * *
Women arc apparently winning
tlieir way into all branches of industry, including the professions, in the
old country, for I read a short time
ago that Lord Buckmastcr's bill to
enable women to practise as solicitors passed its second reading without a single vote against it. Women are able to appear as barristers
in the highest courts of France aud
the United States, and in most of the
British Colonies, but up to now the
British legal adviser has jealously
guarded the doors of the profession
against any encroachment on the part
of women. It was so in the case of
medicine, but it has now been proved
beyond a doiihttthat women arc most
successful  as  doctors.
Why should they not prove equally
so as lawyers? They have always
been accused of having too much to
say, but would not this very fault he-
come a virtue, when combined with
a logical and well informed mind.
YEAR   IS  $700,000,000
The housewives ol the United
States waste $700/000,009 worth of
foodstuffs every year, says Secretary
of Agriculture Houston in a departmental bulletin. This, by reason of
improper cooking, food destroyed by
mice, and the garbage can. Moreover this household waste does nor
include the waste of foods in transit
and in the hands of producers and
dealers. Says the secretary: "Tha;
vast amounts of nourishing material
are thrown out from American kitchens and so made useless for human
Consumption, is well established by
the returns from garbage and fertilizer plants, showing the amount of
fats and nitrogenous material recovered from city garbage. Much of the
food is thrown out. the socialists
say, because so many people do not
know how to utilize leftovers or will
not take the trouble to keep and prepare them. The specialists point out
that leftover cereals can be reheated
or combined with fruits, meats, or
vegetables into appetizing side dishes.
Perishable foods are made dangerous
or  inedible    iu   household
| they  are   exposed    unncc
heat, germs, dust, dirt, or i
' other insects.
"Manv housewives who
that children and adults will not eat
breakfast cereals fail to realize that
the cereals they serve are undercooked, scorched, or improperly seasoned,
and thus made unpalatable Most of
the cheaper foods require careful
seasoning anrl preparation to be fully
appetizing. Tn many households, the
soecialists believe, proper attention i i
the cinoking of these cheap anrl desirable food* will increase greatly their
consiimntioii ami thus reduce considerably the use of more exriensive
foods eaten instead of cereals."
;sarilv   t*.
flies, anrl
Apparently piano tuners arc not as
plentiful in England as they hitherto
have been, as there have recently appeared one or two advertisements
for "lady tuners," which makes one
wonder why this profession should
have formerly been restricted to the
male sex. The question has been
tentatively brought up for discussion
in musical papers before, without being productive of any results. One
, ( eminent critic remarks that, "The one
thing necessary, namely, a strong
wrist, is exceptional for women to
possess." That may be right, but
cannot a muscular grip for piano
tuning be acquired, is tliere not a certain amount of "knack" in the turning of the pin, just as there is in so
many other things. I have known
male piano tuners of anything but
robust physique. With so many women doing the haid woik that they
are today, in many cases work that
calls for sound muscular development,
this reason cannot be sufficient fo bar
them from entering the ranks of
piano tuners.
 ���   m   ���	
(From tile loco Times".)
Barney Wilson the well known
Toco violinist has decided his present
home is ready to be nut amongst the
relics of the past and he is now busily
engaged building a new and more
commodious resilience. W'e understand tliere will be a real house
warming narty when he moves into
the new abode.
Although there is no accurate record bf the number of children belonging to the Uld Woman Who
Lived in a Shoe, of historic nursery
rhyme fame, it is evident that in
only calling for twenty "kiddies" to
support her in the Pantomimic Revue based on the old tale, Madame
NormilltOll is extremely conservative.
But then she has had an eye to quality rather than quantity in picking out
her family, each one having been selected fur individual histrionic characteristics, The result is an ensemble
which is certain to delight the audiences which will go to the Imperial
Theatre on Monday antLTucsday of
next week.
With the usual license of pantomimes the world over, some of the
children have now got beyond the
little girl age, but that does not matter for stage purposes. Here are
their names: Mrs. S. Humphreys,
Mrs. Irina Brown, the Misses Marjorie Richardson, Isabel. Campbell.
Leah Fieldhouse, Marjorie Maltby,
Eva Doyle. Rita Doyle, Anna Heard,
Florence Punch, Owen Dove, Mauri
Dove, Dorothy Atkinson. Jean N'tttt,
' Gladys Nutt, Gladys llrown and Marjorie Atkinson.
Mme. Normintoii will play the part
of Tony, the Help, and will have as
first support Mr, Allan Spears, the
clever female impersonator, who will
appear as Wirlow Twankey, the Uld
Woman who lived in tlie shoe.
There are over twenty tuneful
songs in the play, most of these being
from eastern music centres, though
from the Hawaiian
Simply Crazy Over
to  lie   particularly  at-
goorl work. Then, too, the music of
"Judas Maccabaetis" lends itself to
the obtaining of some good dramatic
effects, without involving any great
difficulty  in  rendering.   The  soloists
Woman's first vote in the American congress was bathed  in tears.
Anil almost suggestive of a peculiar coincidence, or a decree of Fate,
it was cast upon the one issue most
near the maternal heart of woman:
The issue  of war or peace!
Men furnish the money for war:
but women, the sons who do tlie
fighting and thc dying!
Naturally, then���quite naturally
���it is the woman's heart thai is
touched closest by war.
And when Miss Rankin's name
was called in the house voting in the
small hours of Friday morning, the
"lady from Montana," put to the fire
of casting her maiden vote in congress, arose in her place anil said
through  sobs:
"I want to stand by my country,
but T can not vote for war!'"
Of course. Miss Rankin cried. Ami
why shouldn't she have done so!
The fact'that she shed tears when
she cast her first vote as the first
woman who ever sat in congress.
with the eyes of the whole* house
and the whole republic upon her. at
the end of an extraordinary long and
strenuous sitting, a nerve-racking ordeal, and such a stupendous question
at issue���the fact that she wept does
not prove her weak.
Indeed, the ordeal was enough to
make h strong man weep. It' simply
proved  her  womanly! I
After all, behind those tears was
a woman's heart!
Back of them was the sacred maternal instinct; the womanly sentiment: the inherent feminine love of
peace, tranquility and the devotion
to the fireside.
Sonic good day. somewhere, sonic-
how, the very sentiment back of
those tears anil which prompted them
is going to control tiie world! Anil*
when it docs, there will be an end
to war; there will be no more bloodshed on the battlefield; no more
calling of mothers' sons to go down
into blood-soaked trenches and engage in the death grapple with other
mothers' sons!
Unfortunately, up to this time the
world���civilization���has not reached
that stage���but it is coming, and the
women are going to help bring it
The tears that moved Miss Rankin
will some day move the women of all
the world���at ta time when they will
demand that they be consulted before their "war lords" tear their
sons from  their bosoms.
And when that day comes there
will be no war.���Atlanta (Ga.T Constitution.
two   originate
Isles.     'I'm
You,"   is   sairl
Miss Vii l.t V
poetess of motio
solo dances, in thi
cers,   Vancouver'
is  to  appear  i
character of Jose
Information For
Women's Votes
(From  the loco Times.)
The carpenters received- instructions last Monday to rebuild the
floating oil trap on the Inlet, which
had got into bad condition. The importance of this trap necessitated its
being rebuilt in double quick time.
Dan McNairnie, the boss carpenter, and his crew were right on to
t|ieir job, and although big timbers
had to be cut and brought to the
scene, and the old trap removed, they
were equal to the occasion and in less
than 48 hours wc hail a new and
stronger substitute in good working
1 In view of many inquiries, which
have reached The Standard office
from ladies, concerning the method
of gelling enrolled on the voters' list,
the qualifications are very simple. A
woman must In of thc full age of 21
years ami a British subject either by
birth or by naturalization, resilient
for six months before date of application in thc province anil for one
month  resilient of tllis district.
British subjects by naturalization
become such by virtue of the Naturalization Act. the following sections
from which are quoted for general
Section 36. Naturalization Act���"If
the father, or the mother being a
widow, has obtained a Certificate of
Naturalization within Canada, every
chill of such father or mother who,
during infancy, has become resident
with such father or mother within
Camilla, shall. within Canada, he
deemed to be a naturalised British
Section 10. Naturalization Act, l'M4
���"The wife of a British Subject shall
be deemed to be a llritish subject,
ami the wife of an alien shall be
deemed to be an alien."
Ladies have to fill up forms selling
forth the few particulars needed and
to sign iheir names. These are then
sworn or affirmed by them before
either of the following officials. Iu��-
ticc of the peace, mayor, reeve, alderman, councillor, commissioner I ir
taking affidavits in the Supreme
Court, provincial election commissioner, registrar of titles, deputy registrar of titles, notary public, registrar
of voters, provincial constable, special provincial constable, government
agent, government assessor, mining
recorder, deputy mining recorder,
judge of any court, stipendiary magistrate, municipal clerk, municipal assessor, postmaster, postmistress, or
Indian agent.
Special commissioners have also
betfn appointed for the various wards
in the city.
The forms of application for registration on the voters list must bc in
at the government office by Monday.
May 14. A court of revision is subsequently held when objections, or alterations caused bv death or removal,
are attended to. The list then stands
as the voters' list, ready if need be.
to be used during an election.
Two courts of revision arc held
during the year and if ladies do not
make application to get on the list by
May 14 they will he disfranchised for
some six months.
Four days to the B. C. C. T. War
Thirty-three days to thc opening of
the  season  for June  brides.
  davs  to    the  end    of  tbe
rainy season.
everybody is these davs. all OOetS���
and who is not a poet?���should rear!
the essav on "Thc Poetic Prinrinlfc "
by F.dgar Allan Poe. Edgar Allan, it
will he remembered, is the guy who
put the Poe in poetry.
Vancouver Musical
Society's Concert
mi  this occasion
The soloists
were Mrs. II. S
v\ oon. soprano; Mrs. Daniel Dav.
contralto; Mr. H. J. Cave, tenor; and
Mr. Frederick W. Wallis of Tacoma.
n. j. vave. tenor; am
W. Wallis of Tacoma.
Some of thc arias in the work are
'ery fine, giving ample scope to the
soloists, where, for instance could a
well trained florid soprano voice show
itself to better advantage than in the
solo.   "From     Mighty     Kings."    ami
Call."   while    the   bass
splendid opportunities  in  the familiar
sol...  "Arm.  Arm,  Ye   Brave." These
arias are !'���������-
......    ..,,,1.   rum,   ie   orave.      i ncse
arias are fine examples of the grandeur, and stern majesty always present in the music of that grcat master
George Frederick Handel.
The orchestra. led by Miss Grace
Hastings Dresser, acquitted itself
well, anil its work, and that of thc
choir, reflect much credit upon Mr
George P. Hicks, the conductor ami
founder of the Vancouver Musical
Talented Artist
Madame Jomelli'- second appearance in concert al St. Andrew's
Church on Thursday evening, was
greeted by a large, admiring and en-
thusiastic audience. The programme
was a very fine tine, and tin- singer
was assisted by Mrs. Grace Hastings
Dresser, a well Known Vancouver
violinist, ami Mrs. Douglas Johnston
at  the piano.
Madame Jomelli looked exceedingly well in a handsome gown of soft
shades of pink and blue. Her numbers included first by a group of four
fascinating songs from Cadman's
C) Te of Indian Songs." of which
tin- best known was "From tbe Land
": ih.- Sky-Bllie Water;" ami "An
Open >ecret." by Woodman, which
latter vvas given with sueh grace and
joyousness, that one was almost inclined to believe that spring had
come. An enthusiastic encore was
responded to with "The Cuckoo," by
Liza   I.ehmann.
A group of five French songs included the dainty and delightful
"Berceuse" .of Gounod; "Invitation
an Voyage," by Duparc; "Les Deux
Roses," by Gilberts: "Nymphes et
Sylvaines," by Bemberg; and a perfect gem by IT aim, called "Si mes
vers avaient lies Ailes." An encore
after this group was Gounod's "Ave
Maria." with organ accompaniment
by Mr Wrigley, and violin obligato
by Mrs? Dresser, as well as the piano,
thc combined effect uas really loveiy.
A third group consisted of four
operatic arias, from Meyerbeer's
"Robert le Diable;" Boito's "Mcfis-
tofele;" Charpentier's "Louise,' and
Debussy's "Enfant Prodigue," respectively, and as an encore the
simple sweet old melody, "Home
Sweet Home," appealed to all hearts.
Madame Jomelli possesses a wonder-
id controlled with
lighly dramatic in
.iml tenderness it-
sell iu love lyrics, and of beautiful
quality in .-.II Ur, registers. Mrs. Grac;
Hastings Dresser quit" charmed her
addience with h<*r spirited renjjrings
of Vieuxtemp's Ballade et Polonaise,
Wieniawskie's "Legends," ami Sar-
asate's "Thc Gypsies." Sin- was
vociferously recalled on each appearance. Sin w.ne a gown of white lib-
. ni   -ilk.
The soloists ,.���-.��� supported most
adequately . at the piano by Mrs.
D.uglas Johnstone, wlinse fine accompanying was quite a feature of
the evening's work.
consummate  ;
opera,   sweet!
(By "Steelend.")
(From  the loco  Times.)
Now that thc women have secured
the franchise it is up to them to lose
no time in getting on the voters' 1'st
if they want to exercise that right at
the next election.
This is something that concerns
thc women of loco, as much as it
does the women of the largest centres of the world, therefore 1 would
say to all women, you cannot afford
to ignore it. now thc opportunity presents itself. Generally speaking it is
of the greatest importance. It is
something your sisters have died and
suffered for. It is something that
will place you on an equal footing
with the "mere" man, as far as sending your representative to the House
to represent your interests. Nay, it is
more freedom, the passing of the defunct, thc antiquated, the bondage in
which women have been held in too
Xo woman could call herself free
while this privilege had been withheld from her. ' And no woman can
call herself free until she is placed on
an economical and political hasis
with man. until she can dictate to him,
and demand that she share the same
code of morals and the same standard
of life.
So ladies, yotu franchise i.~ t..o val
uable io lie treated lightly, and 1
would  urge  the  greatest  diligence  is
desirable  in   placing  your  ijamcs   on
lhe list.
The lime for completing the registration of names is fixed for the end
of April.
iVrtirn  the  foeo Times i
Don't    believe all the    rumors ;��� >u
hear, they are probably wrong,
Don'l   think   you   are   indispensible
to th.- Plant, you may be stung.
Don't buy (everything in town when
you   .-nil   buy   it   here,  il  COStS 45   rents
10 go there.
Don't envy the other fellow, he has
got bis own worries.
Don't throw orange ami banana
peel on the sidewalks, you might slip
on them yourself.
A woman may be shocked if ymi
make love to her. but she is disappointed if you don't.
Established  1904
Carload Business a Specialty
B.C. Vinegar Works
J.   II.   FALCONER,     Manager
Member   Society     of   Chemical
There Are
Two Sides
to Every
The Nigger in
The Woodpile
Read This
After the
War News
Analysis of the broadsides issued daily from the headquarters ol the eight "altruistic" dentists, the gentlemen who are
buying newspaper space by the yard purely and simply
m the best interests of the general public" and not in the
least���most certainly not���in their own personal interests,
discloses that the sum and substance of their complaint is
this: that by various means the li. C. Dental Council limits
as far as possible the number of practising dentists in British Columbia tor the pecuniary benefit of the dentist body
in this province, thus constituting a "dental trust."
This allegation is contained in four principal statements
which, ii true, would go some distance to support the contention. But they are not true, and their reiteration in bigger and bigger type clay by dav does not make them any
less untrue. ���*
fii "The number of dentists li
censed to practice in British Columbia is less, in proportion to population, than in any other province of
Canada or in anv state of the L'nited
C2l "Licenses to practice dentistry are granted only on the passing
of examinations which arc held by
the  Council  only semi-annually."
(���3) "Is there any reason why a
dentist operating under a license of
the Dominion Dental Council in
Halifax. St. John, Toronto, Winnipeg, Calgary or Edmonton should be
denied the right to practice in British Columbia."
(41 "In British Columbia the percentage of candidates who failed to
pass on the examinations controlled
by the B. C. Dental College during
the past five years is from 80 to 85
per cent."
Asserting that more dentists are needed for thc rural districts, thc altruists" demand that temporary permits be granted to graduates of approved
colleges, but���
They require that the dentist holding such a permit is to be allowed to
practice only in the office of a registered dentist.
This might enable registered dentists in the cities to make monev out of
tte work of unlicensed assistants, who can be obtained at less than'half the
salaries pa'.o to registered men. but it would not send dentists out to the
country districts.
This series of statements is published by the authority of a special committee representing the B. C. Dental Society, the Vancouver Dental Society,
the Victoria Dental Society, and the B. C. College of Dental Surgeons
(1; The number of dentists practising in British Columbia per capita
is second only to the number practising in Ontario. The number of
practising dentists in Canada, per capita is 1 to 4200; in Ontario, 1 to 2800'
m British Columbia, 1 to 2900.
(2) The examinations are held by
a board of examiners appointed by
the government. The papers and
ment offices and are open for in-
answers are on file at the gouer*-
spection. Any unfairness would"
therefore be promptly exposed.
(3) The B. C. Dental Council has
expressed its willingness to accept
Dominion Dental Council qualifications and is asking thc necessary
power of the Provincial Government,
following negotiations extending
over the last two years.
(4) Ova 40 per *ei... of all applicants have been granted registration in the past five yeais, a percentage that compares favorably,
with those of other provinces and
B. C. Commercial Travellers'
War Dance
Endorsed by
B. & P. O. OF ELKS, No. 1
Richmond Craig's Weekly Message
"O Jehovah, thou hast searched me
and known me."���Psalm 139:1.
Notes of sermon preached in Westminster Church, Vancouver, on the
Second Anniversary of the Battle
of Ypres, Sunday evening, April
22, 1917.)
Our text this evening, is taken from
the greatest of all the Psalms of
David. It was evidently written in
praise of the Omniscience and Omni
presence of God. In the opening sen
fences, the believer reveals to us, his
inmost thoughts of God. The near
ness of the Divine Presence is to him,
beyond understanding and experience.
It is also a cause of joy to him anil
not, as we might imagine, of depression. He is glad to think, that at no
time, is he out of the range of God's
eye and care. "Thou hast searched
ine through and through, and Thou
hast known me. and regarded" me with
tender, and patient affection."
Looking Backward
There are few in this world today,
who do not recognize the hand of
Providence in their lives. God has
spoken very loudly to some of us
here, recently. Overwhelming sorrow, and dire distress, have made us
feel the peculiar vividness of the
presence of God. If we take a retrospective glance at our lives at this
moment, and look backward, for a
few seconds, down the lane through
which we have'eome in recent times,
there is not one but could testify that
the Lord had searched and known
their life. Project ourselves, if we
will, back again into the days before
we came West. What ambitious
hopes and prospects filled our horizon. Far off fields looked so fair and
flourishing. But we have encountered many bitter disappointments since
">en. a"d like Job we have exclaim-
' .. t hand of God natn touched
me. In unexpected places, and at
unexpected times, our lives and fortunes, have been shaken to their'very
depths, and with the Psalmist, we
can confess that our ordinary everyday life, has been the medium of this
searching and knowing. Our down-
sitling and uprising, and every little
detail of our life, is known to God.
The Undying Glory of Our Gallant
As a people, too, wc all confess
that during these last years.of war
the searching work of God has been
of a memorable and striking nature
Two years ago today, this 22nd of
April, the undying glory of tllis great
Dominion was written on the soil of
France, in the blood of our heroic
sons and brothers. On our Empire's
Koll ot Honor ,on that memorable
though dark day at Ypres. were inscribed the names of some of the
"��',>lcst *-���������' '"?st of onr grand race
They fell devoted and undying, the
very air. their names seems sighing"
It is With pride, that we remember
the chivalry, and daring, of our own
British Columbia battalions on this
the anniversary of tlieir splendid
achievements, The glory of the
Seventh and the Sixteenth will never
fade from the pages of our Empire's
historv. On their banners are written \ pros. St. Julicn, and Lange-
marke. where, though outflanked bv
tour divisions, anil stttpified wilh a
poison of which they had never
dreamed, and which they did not understand, without any artillery whatever to support them, these indomitable sons of our mountains and
prairies, held back an overwhelming
enemy, with bulldog persistence and
courage, WTIn shall their glorv
tade. Since that never-to-be forgotten week, much progress has been
made in the struggle with our relentless foe, and we all hope that thc end
is not far off. We are not concerned
at this moment, so much with the
history of the events, as we are with
the development that has taken ptace
in our national life and character
since we entered into this bitter cou-
���est for freedom and honor.
The New Spirit of the War
After two years of war, Canada,
j JlV* s*-""'- of Canada has changed VVc arc different to what we were
before the outbreak of hostilities. Let
us notice two or three of the changes
that have come over us during these
times in which "The Lord has been
searching and knowing our hearts."
At the beginning of the war, we had
many stupid and injudicious ideas of
patriotism. Wc waved flags, and
were blindly patriotic, as we thought
anil yet, there was really nothing to
our partiotism, other than pride, and
a" overbearing haughtiness towards
all wltp did not think as we thought
Wc we're thoroughly British in this
respect. The suffering and sorrow
through which we have passed have
changed that attitude somewhat. It
was the custom, as one recent writer
has put it. "To believe that nothing
tlr.it ever :ame outiof Germany was,
nr ccild ever have jieen, good. Tliere
was nothing really lofty  iu that kind
of 'patriotism.'   It has, however, long
since been recognized, that our cause
is   much   too  noble   and   splendid   to
warrant   vulgarities     of   the  grossest
kind about our enemies.    Some journalists felt for a time  tllat it pleased
our people to have jokes presented to
them    upon   Big    Willie  anil    Little
Willie,'  and pictures  in  keeping with
the jokes; but the people never really
desired this stuff, and they resent it
being still offered  to  them  in  a  few
places,  as  if  this  appalling   struggle
were  no more  than  a  parliamentary
"Discriminating  Reason���Result"
In   making  this   statement,   no  excuse  is  offered    whatever,    for    the
Kaiser,  his sons  or  his  Hindenburgs
and Bissings.    We are as determined
as ever to punish those on whom rests
the blame for the agony of the world.
��But we are beginning to see, that the
civilization    of  Germany    has    been
wrongly   directed.    They   are,   as   a
people, rougher and courser and more
brutal than the other peoples of Europe,  and  are  not  to  be   considered
among the  best members of the  human  family.    But  there  are,  in  Germany today good men and women-
thousands of them���who  have never
been   within    hundreds    of   miles   of
Potsdam, and who loath war as much
as any  of us  do.    They  have    been
forced into this war, and tlieir sacrifices  have  been  pressed  upon   them
for  an   unholy   cause.     The   military
system has enthralled  them, anil  the
revolutionary  spirit,  that should  rise
up and annihilate their opressors, has
not yet caught hold  of  them.    They
are   patriots,   and   their     homesteads
and loved ones, are as dear to them,
as ours  are  to us.    Experience    and
heart  searching has  given  us  a  new
view-point    of   this   section     of   our
enemies.     We   feel   a   discriminating
reason   taking  possession   of  its.   By
this we are making no apologies for
German   sins   and   crimes.     Our   attitude  towards our enemy is not one
oi either  tolerance    or ' forgiveness.
Nor  is  it a  disposition    to    be  less
thorough   than   ever,   in   punishment.
It is  one  of judicial    discrimination,
that our terrible sufferings and griefs
have taught us, and we are becoming
greater every day because of it. John
Buchan  in  his recent  story,  "Green-
mantle," puts it thus: The hero, Major Hannay, sheltering in a woodcutters   cottage   in   southern     Germany
speaks,  "That night    1   realized    the
crazy folly of war.   When I saw the
splintered  shell of  Ypres and heard
hideous   tales  of   German   doings    I
used to want to see the whole land of
the Boche given up to fire and sword.
1 thought wc could never end the war
properly  without    giving  the    Huns
some of their own medicine. But that
woodcutters cottage cured me of such
nightmares.    I was for punishing the
guilty,   but   letting   the   innocent   go
ni       , .vas our business to thank
God and keep our hands clean from
the ugly blunders to which Germany's
madness had driven her.   What good
would  it  do  Christian  folk  to  bum
poor  little  huts  like  this  and  leave
children s bodies by the wayside' To
be able to laugh and be merciful are
the only things that make man better than the beasts?"
This may be putting the matter
somewhat tritely, but it is nevertheless, the position to which many independent thinkers and judges have
come. Over and over again in thc
books of today we encounter evidence
ot this new discrimination and reason, and as a fighting people, knowing better than ever the justice of our
cause, we are strengthened by it
More Charitable: Team Work
the stress and anxiety of thc last
tew years have not only changed our
ideas of our enemies, but they have
also considerably modified our opinions of and attitude towards, each
other. We have found out how much
we are dependent upon one another
and how weak and defenceless we are
without the other's help. We are being taught ulc valuo of team work
We have all labored so enthii
cally and eagerly for the
good, and with such marked
that   we   are   now
they are
members.     Tin
alive   to   every
the life of any
in  the  whole
vital concern to her
church   should     be
interest   that   affects
community. And when.
of the world's history
did the church ever gel a greater opportunity, for genuine work and definite service? i'he problems that this
war crisis has produced are tremendous, and they challenge us to search
our hearts and lives before God, and
ask ourselves if we are really worthy
of this magnificent chance to hasten
the coming of the Kingdom of God
among men. The imperative demand
at this crucial time is for consecrated
and fearless men to proclaim the
judgments of a righteous God, regardless of all consequences. Much
has been done. But much more needs
to be done. Until every minister in
this city, and every other city, is ready
and willing to ask every worldly and
Godless elder, manager, steward,
Sunday school teacher, and worker, t
get out from between the shafts of
the Ark of God, and fall upon their
faces in humble and contrite confession of their past misdeeds we. can
never expect the Church of God, in
our land to accomplish that for which
it was established. Our God IB surely a jealous God, and cannot be expected to bless a Church that does
Hot crown Him Lord of All. If our
experiences in these dismal days o
war are helping us to realize what
this really means, then let us give
thanks for the heartscarching, trying,
and knowing, that revealed unto us
our true work and sphere.
Spiritual Awakening Evident
The many new influences that have
come  to bear upon our  lives, during
these  war   days  are   the    Inertia   by
which God is searching and knowing
us.   When we arc brought into
w'i'th  the  sterner realities of
man system, wc begin to sec ou
tations,  and   feel
pendent we are upon
blessings of life
now, as never
Memory is given to us for purposes
of help and encouragement only.
When we allow our memories to discourage us, we are sinning against
God and our fellow-men. It is as
wrong to brood over memories of our
mistakes and failures as it would be
to drink typhoid germs with deliberate intention. We can learn, from
the memory of our failures, how to
guard against repeating those failures; but that is the only right we
have to such memories. Much of our
past we have no business to remember at all; and God will help us to
blot it out if we confidently ask His
aid in this. "The man who cannot
forget the past is no good for the
common good.    We
.,,., -   asking   ourselves,
, ,:y -\,aS,,',',' ���l,at we could not do so
before.' lhe great factor in thus
teaching us this lesson was the fact
that we have had to subordinate, and
sacrifice everything for the
welfare, and the
have not gone all the length vrc ran
go, and may have to go, in this direction, but we have been sufficiently
searched to realize that wc are all
bound up in the bundle of life together.
We have learned, too, through our
tears and suffering, to have more
sympathy in affliction and sorrow for
each other. Our common grief and
sadness have cemented us more closely together The joy of our salvation has been restored in a great
measure and we have been taught,
under the searching, and knowing
eye, anil hand of a kind and gracious
Providence, that "pure religion aud
undefiled before our God and Father
is tins, to visit the fatheless and
widows in their affliction, and to keep
ourselves unspotted from the world."
Radical Changes In Church Attitude
, Necessary
Ihis great change for the better is
seen, now here more pronouncedly,
tl,an fn the organised Christian
church. There seenis to be a stirring
among the dry bones of many generations. The piercing eye of an anxious,
long-suffering Master has had a salutary influence, upon the Church of
his fife and heart. And there was
much need. The church at home
here must take a greater ami more
active interest in all that pertains to
Christian citizenship. All questions
whether political, social, economic, or
even military must be carefully studied,  and  handled  by  the   Church,  for
our hu-
how entirely dell im for all the
We are recognizing
before, the nearness of
the presence of God himself. We feel
a deepening of the individual spiritual
life, and a relization of the privileges
of communion with Jehovah. Men
and women who never prayed before,
are seeking the footstool of the
throne of grace in penitent and sup
plient mien, and people who gave no
thought to thc things of God, are today, anxious enquirers after Truth
Despatches from the front bear won
derful testimony to a spiritual quickening among some of our brave men.
The assurance that they are passing
into God's world when dying, fills
them with cheer and comfort. One
of our young men from Vancouver,
wrote to his father the other day
from the battle field. He has since
made the extreme sacrifice. Let me
read to you his touching, and significant words:
"My I Dear Old Dad: This is a wonderful life here and it makes most
sober-minded men think of the
greater things of life. One begins to
realize how the Maker holds every
man's life in the hollow of His hand,
to do with as He thinks fit. One begins to see dimly that in Vancouver
it was just thc same, but being out
here and seeing the frightful carnage
of war brings it right home. I believe that every right-minded man
in the battalion sometimes thinks of
these things and searches his own
soul to see if he is ready to look his
Maker square in the eyes���knowing
full well that he may have to do this
any minute, especially when wc are in
the trenches.
"Whenever thc men and officers
hear the chaplain give his sermons,
telling of the wonderful forgiving
nature of our Lord, a great feeling of
relief comes on everybody, and I
think wc all repent of any past misdeeds and determine inwardly that in
future we will act lf_o that if w-c
arc called wc will be ready. There
is a very noticeable slackening up of
blasphemous language, I can tell you.
That is one respect In which it is
"If anything should happen to mc
tell mother 1 am ready for the call���
and what nobler end could a man
have? If I should be called I would
like you to show this to her anil tell
her I am not in the least bit afraid,
for I have a friend at my side constantly who will do with mc as He
thinks fit. I will now put these
pages separately in my letter for you
to keep for any eventualities. If
mother asks what it is, simply tell
her I am not afraid, for I have faith
in him alone. Your loving stepson.
(Signed)  Jack."
When we read such a beautiful letter as this, we cannot but feel that
there is something gloriously grand
in the Gospel of our Lord and Master, that can inspire such confidence
and resignation, in lace of great, and
terrible danger. The Lord is'searching and knowing the heart of a war
worn world, and that heart is beginning to respond with confidence anil
fear. We are receiving our opportunity. The Judge of all the earth
Will do right. The God of Bethel will
never leave us nor forsake us, till the
need of searching shall be gone for
ever. Let us trust in Him, anil all
will be well.
Somebody once said that he read
newspapers in order to watch the
progress of the kingdom of God.
The members of Bible classes and
Young Peoples Societies may find in
the newspaper valuable help for their
Studies and discussions.
For the ordinary lessons and topics,
the newspaper is a fruitful source of
illustration. An apt quotation or a
reference to some item of current
news may serve to bring home some
truth or teaching.
If the subject is temperance or
some other phase of social reform, the
facts and opinions recorded in the
daily press will give freshness and
zest|to the discussion.
Missionary evenings in the society,
may he made more interesting and
instructive by thc use of newspaper
items concerning the country and
people under consideration.
The live class or society will constantly watch for fresh and attractive
plans and methods. In the search for
these, the newspaper should not he
Ihe women of British Columbia do
not seem to be in any desperate hurry
to regjster themselves as voters
though the books have now been open
nearly two weeks. Even.some active
Vancouver suffragettes of recent
years are holding back, though thev
will no doubt manage to get iu before
lhe  lists  close.
Missionary leaders are of the opinion that Japan is Hearing the parting
of the ways. Thc heathen faiths,
where adhered to, seem held fast with
little conviction, while there has been
a widespread evangelistic activity, lu
particular, valuable work was done
for railroad men, under the express
sanction ol the Japanese government.
 ��  ___  ���	
"Poem Settles a Strike," says a
daily paper. We have known many
an effusion almost succeed in "settling" onr editor.
A visitor to a training school for
the men of the British Naval Reserve,
after looking at the various guns employed, was shown in in a lecture
room the shells of different sizes
which the guns fire. Lying on the
table he saw a ring of hard steel with
a handle attached, and asked its use.
He was told that it was a gauge exactly fitting the shell, and was asked
to try it on a shell. As he did so, the
ring stopped half way down. The
visitor looked at the shell, and saw a
label of thin paper lottnd the shell.
"Does that slip of paper stop it?" he
asked. "Yes," was the reply, "the
slightest enlargement would be
enough to burst the gnu, so we test
every shell before we load, or tliere
would be a terrible accident."
In God's law we have a gauge to
test our conduct. Whatever does not
fit into the requirements of that law
we may be sure is full of danger.
Mr. Coulter won the bicycle raffled
by Mr. S. L. Sweeney.
(From the loco Times.)
A stranger having visited the loco
Works returned home and was relating the different things he saw
here and replying to the question of
"where do the employees live" he
stated they all lived in a number of
nice houses which were modern, up-
to-date and looked very comfortable,
and desirable residences. In fact
from the viewpoint of the stranger
we had a little town situated right inside the Plant to accommodate the
workers. The stranger was very
much wrong when he said the employees all lived in what looked to
him a little town situated inside the
We all know that considerably
more than half those employees who
do not live in Vancouver or Port
Moody, are living in shacks anil tents
along the railroad track at  loco.
These shacks and tents which some
exceptions, are situated, in such close
proximity to one another, and having
no sanitary or water system, are a
considerable menace to general
The folks who live in them in most
cases are careful to dispose of their
house refuse in a safe way, but others
are careless and throw all their waste
and rubbish out of the door irrespective of where it lands and it is left
there to the detriment of evcryones
health.    ,
The trouble however grows, because folks keep putting up tlieir little homes and all the time they are
getting more crowded and therefore
conditions getting more unsanitary.
The risk of fire becomes greater
each time another home is put up, and
in the event of a fire starting in the
crowded area, it would be unlikely
that a single shack would be saved, especially in the summer when the dry
brush would carry the flames, and as
everyone knows efforts to fight such
an outbreak are practically out of thc
question owing to the immediate absence of a supply of water. Water is
only obtainable after packing it in a
bucket from the nearest stream which
in most cases is not any too near, for
anyone to use more water than can
possibly bc helped. One of these
streams which used to be the water
system for the majority of the
shacks, is now unfit for use, for the
reason that leaks from the Acid
works have contaminated it.
Conditions arc fast approaching the
stage when all these little houses will
have to move, the question arises
where will they go.
Very few* could go to Port Moody
because it is very hard to get a house
there at present and a gooil many of
those who might go to Vancouver
would soon look for work nearer
The most important thing concerned by the lemoval of the employees
to houses further afield is the question of "fire" on thc works and the
fact that the Ptant Fire Brigade
would be considerably disorganized by
an outbreak during the  night.
For our part we like loco, and like
our work and want to see the loco
Plant grow, and it would be a calamity if the works were destroyed during the night, by a fire, which could
have been successfully overcome if
more help had been available, than
that given by the few who lived here
and were only parts of what would
be in the daytime a well organized
fire brigade.
An employee after a day's work
should bc able to go home and after
doing ordinary chores, be able to recreate himself for the next day's
work, but we know that anybody living in a shack, small though it may
be, is never finished work until he is
in bed at night. Tf he buys a half
ton of coal or coke, it is not delivered
to his shed for him, he has got to
pack it home sack by sack on his
back, oft times a considerable distance and having no roadway, his
path lies along the railway track, thc
same way with his box of groceries
and his sack of potatoes. On wash
day he can pretty nearly lay off all
morning to carry water, and there are
other things of which we have ha<.
experience ourselves which are not
Conducive to a good days work if you
get a chance to take it easy, which
you probably do when you know you
have got coal or lumber to pack home
on your back that night.
Therefore for several reasons we
need a townsite at loco where then
is at present a population of approximately 500 people, and this number
would be considerably augmented by
employees living in Vancouver and
Port Moody who. are looking and
asking for a house to live in near
their job.
Failing a townsite we would like to
see some thing better than the present conditions which prevail along
thc C. P. R. track where the majority
of thc employees live, and where during the hot weather in particular, the
health of the entire community is
We could mention several companies in B. C. under similar conditions to loco, who have gone into the
townsite proposition with satisfaction
to all concerned.
Whilst these townsites are in consequence of the probable regard the
company have for the welfare of the
employees, it must be rememberer;
that the company also benefit by having an efficient worker, which they
do not have when the conditions are
sbch as prevail amongst the larger
portion of the workers of loco.
The Home of Heroes
rHAT 4c you think of a city of
60 MM people���secure, serene,
rose-vined by tbe blue Pacific
-that has sent 13,000 soldiers to tbe
var for freedom, fully seventy-live
���er cent, of them her own native cltl.
iens! Victoria, British Columbia, hu
liven units of every needed variety
rom grave bespectacled and benursed
-lospitals to her latest unllcked bunch
if beareubs, the 143rd Bantams. But
if all the famous regiments In Can-
ida, not ixceptlng even the Montreal
-Hghlanders, nor the Queen's Own of
Toronto, not one has outdistanced or
ian outdistance the record of Vic-
orta'B adored iiOth Gordon Highland-
irs, which three months ago bad
1,000 of all ranks to its credit.
In April, 1918, when spring wu
mailing sleepily on the North Pacific
Hajor P. .1. Riddell succeeded in gath-
iriag a hundred representative men
it the Empress Hotel, and the Gor-
loa Highlanders were born on paper.
to appear In actuality tbe following i went into camp three hundred strong,
spring, financed to the tune of $35,000 that warless summer of 1914. It looks
by their Honorary Lieutenant-Colonel bo "long ago and far away," as we
W. H. Coy. I geg it through the haze of Ypres and
We can scarcely Imagine the blithe, the torn night of the Somme.   When
carelessness with which the regiment I ihe world, aa we knew it, came te an
end in August, the Gordons volunteered en masse, under their coionel
(now Major-General) K. W. Currr.
and they went to serve "Somewhere
in France."
But the Canadian "Queen of tha
Pacific" isn't the city to be contented
with its last year's batting averse*.
The Bantams have just been sent forward, and everywhere the visitor
goes, from the swarming dockslds to
the lonesome heights where the Dominion Government's Observatory
stares at the stars, there is a
dash of khaki in the colonial
color scheme. Oak Bay, ones'
sacred to th�� motorist and tbe tea
basket, now forms part of the regulation route march to harden up the
troops. Mt Baker, down in the State
of Washington, frosted against the
Italian sky, looks near enough for
aeroplane reconnaisance, and sufficiently solid to prefigure benevolent
neutrality. The winding drives of
Beacon Hill Park are full of jingling
majors and hustling sergeants, and at
night the great branches of the Douglas Brs quiver to "Last Poet," that
bugle call that plays the dark in from
the Pacific, and tucks a comrade under in far Franco.       m        n
./ SATURDAY, APRIL 28, 1917.
Telephone To The
Kootenay !
/^\\VI.\(i in recent improvements,
^^ telephoning ti> Kootenay and
Boundary Points reached by the I!.
C. Telephone Company, is now
very satisfactory. It's a long and
expensive trip to the Kootenay by
rail, but you save not only money
but much time by using the telephone. Vou may make an appointment, and Central will have the
party wanted at any time you wish.
During The War Dance
will be much in evidence on
The B.C. Electric System
Special service of cars on Cambie street from
Hastings to Granville and Robson.
Special service of late cars on all downtown
Day service will be augmented as the traffic
B. C. Electric Observation car will make
three trips daily from Robson and Granville
at 10 a.m., 2 and 4 p.m.   Fare 25 cents.
Single fare rates on Fraser Valley line on
Wednesday, May 2, and Saturday, May 5,
Fare and Third rates on Fraser Valley line
from April 30 to May 7.
Complaints and suggestions always receive
prompt and couteous attention.
',       *;���H-V.:,. ;;':: :,.::,:     '��� ';,.., Z:'.. iL'-^i'���i ���-  r . '     : :':. ��� .L^    ::'':.;:   ���:.',:.'.'
I ���
The  Vancouver Opera  House is to
I be turned int.. a vaudeville theatre.
* * *
Vernon bog raisers are getting; 15
cents per pound live weight.
* * ��
A smelter    -Inl.c is mi    111.- li.-t oi
bilities al  Trail.
Th.- otter l-'l.ii hotel .ii Tulameen
wal destroyed by fire iln- other 'lay
���un insurance.
In (_raml Forks thc rati- for
ing ami cooking by elei trii ity
cents per K. VV, hour,
ft * f
I Uncials   .ii   tli.-   C.P R.   I
..ikhi  cars  .��!  liimi.t-r   will
' B.C. to  towns nn  the  prairie
is   -I
* * *
An automobile association for the
Fernie district has jusl been organ-
i/cil with E. K. Stewart, Fernie, president.
* * *
Mrs. I.ct'tia Walker has entered
action in the supreme court against
tin- municipality of South Vancouver
tn recover $l3,t>00 damages for the
death of her husband, who was
drowned last November, when a jitney dropped into the Fraser River
through the open drawbridge,
* * *
Henry Stewart, 06, an ex-quarter-
niaster sergeant of the U. S. cavalry,
passed through Vancouver this week
on bis way from San Diego to the
Peace River country, lie is walking
the entire distance. For the past several years lu- lias spent most of his
time hoofing it to some other place.
* ..   +
Two hundred employees of tlu- ll.
C. Sugar Refinery went nil strike on
.Monday morning. Tin- mak- employees ask a 40 per cent, increase in
wage.-.���40 cents per hour���ami a 10-
hour day, with a minimum working
week   of   five  days.     Tlu-  girls,   who
I have been paid $1.50 an.I $1.80 a day,
ask a 20 per cent, raise. Tin- strike
materialized when oik- employee was
'discharged, and the management refused to re-instate him.
* * *.
Xew  Westminster's
this  year  is   .Miss     I.n
Cunningham, daughter
Cunningham,   editor   of
Columbian.    Her maids
Molars* Day May Uth
BOOK       i G- Sl F0RSYTH & C0-
SHOP        ���� Corner Homer and Hastings St.
A committee composed of representatives of contractors, manufacturers, wholesalers; jobbers, shipbuilders, and the timber, fishing, mining and financial and brokerage interests, have outlined a Constitution
for a "get-together" organization
representing each class of industry
on the lower- mainland. Follows thc
To promote and Foster tlic community spirit on the lower mainland
of British Columbia.
To promote export and import
trade through the ports of the lower
To procure preferential tariffs
throughout the Empire.
To develop the resources of British Columbia for the benefit of the
British Empire.
To formulate a program to take
care of any economic conditions
which will or might arise on the conclusion  of the war.
To encourage investment iu industries.
To encourage home production and
the patronage of same.
To encourage agricultural production.
To tell thc world of our tourist and
industrial attractions.
To have one convention per month
on thc lower mainland.
To promote the development of
coast  scenic   transportation.
To bring about rational exploiting
of  our mineral  resources.
if   Mr
tlic      British
     if honor will
bc  Doris  Wrigglesworth and  Garnet
* * *
"The B. C. Mining News,'" has jusl
made its first appearance. It is published in Vancouver by 1_. I). Taylor
anil VV. R. Hull, and is devoted to the
mining interests of the province.
* * *
A sample of ore uncovered on Jud
Logsdons ranch at Danville, Wash.',
was brought to Grand Forks, B. C,
on Wednesday and Granby assayers
expressed the opinion that it carried
gold values of $50,000 to the ton.
* * *
Since the war started twenty B. C.
newspapers have given up the ghost
and turned their pink little tootsie
wootsics to the daisies. Thc Pacific
Canadian at New Westminster is the
latest to succumb.
* * *
Many of the Fort Steele Indians
have applied for places on the Indian
battalion that will be raised in Western Canada.
* * *
Doukhobors in Canada have no desire to return to Russia as the result
nf ilu- overthrow of the monarchy,
according in the statement nf John
Sherbinin, righthand man of Peter
Verigin, leader of Doukhobor communities in British Columbia and
* * *
Tin- number of Ontario teachers
wh.i have enlisted for overseas service now total 400. Eight have made
the supreme sacrifice.
Meteorological   observations   show
that during tliis month the raini'iil!
has been three times greater in Vancouver than during any previous
* * *
Logan Billingsley, sentenced to
thirteen months' iim risonment mr
violation of liipior laws in Seattle, nu
Sunday escaped from his cell nfter
sawing his  window bars.
* * *
There is a possibility the provincial
jail at Xew Westminster may he
closed, and the prisoners transferred
to Oakalla, Burnaby. Orders have
been received not to plant a crop at
the jail farm.
* * *
]. Burr, who recently built a hotel
in Ashcroft, has been refused a liquor
license. Ashcroft has been "dry"
since the big fire last year destroyed
the Ashcroft and Grand Central lintels.
* f, ft
The Victoria Week is tn be independent of politics in future, lt was
formerly looked upon as the personal
organ of Sir Richard  McBride.
* * *
There arc now .18 returned soldiers
at the King Edward Sanitarium,
Tranquille. receiving treatment fur
tuberculosis, while there are a number nf others in the Sunnyview Sanitarium,
There is less activity in mining in
British Columbia at the present time
than' there has been for years. This
is due tn a shortage nf coke and water.
* ��� *
Moses Paul, wlm made himself famous iu the Moses Paul .ind Paul
Spintlum murder trial a lew years
ago,   died   at   the     penitentiary.   New
Westminster a few days ago.
ft jf %
Tin- Retail Grocers of Vancouver
have gone mi record as opposed t"
the Saturday half-holiday, this in answer In a suggested change from
* * *
Almost every day this year peti-
timis for divorce have been filed in
the Vancouver supreme court. The
desire fur dissolution of partnership
is this year breaking all records, and
no mie has yet advanced any good
reason why this should be so.
* * *
Captain Jones, the veteran lighthouse keeper of Brockton Point, will
today again take his stand near the
post office and sell flowers for the
Returned Soldiers' Fund. Last year
the captain raised several hundred
dollars  in this manner.
* * *
The impression prevails at Victoria
that a prohibition measure will be
brought down  before  the  end of the
* * *
Helen I.ockhard. a three-year-old
girl, fell out nf a wind nv fifty feet to
the ground at Sylvia Court on Tues-
day  evening,   miraculously     escaping
death,   though   she   landed   on   a   hard
pavement.    She is imw in a  hospital,
apparently not  seriously injured.
* * *
The B. C. Telephone Company imw
lias 4.3,160 subscriber-, in ibis prn-
vince, 742 more than at any previous
Milk is retailing in Vancouver at 11 '
cents  per  ipiart.  an     unusually     lni-'li
price  for this time  nf the year.
Mr. John \. Gleiidenning, Liberal
M.I,.A. f..r Xantoti. Aha., is .isitingl
Vancouver, where he has a number
of friends. Mr. Glcndenning came
accompanied by his wife (formerly
Margaret Fraser, of Toronto), and
will return home with his wife and
family, a girl baby born a few days
(From tli��: loeo Tini.-s.j
The little children of loco -c-m 1
love tn climb the scoring platform on
the tennis court and as it is a veiy
easy thing to fall from, ������������������ would
like in suggest that parents forbid
their little ones from making this
climb which carries a lot of dinger
with it on account of the fact that if
they dn fall, they land mi solid concrete. We realize the parents > ould
have a hard time with the Forbidding:
end nf it. but in any ease ve have
done our part when we --all attention
to the probable serious ���Onsl'juences
of an eight-foot tumble mi a concrete
(From tin- loeo Times.)
We have a very efficient committee
in connection wilh the "Safety First"
movement wlm meet from time to
time in an endeavor in safeguard the
lives and limbs of our employees, and
we notice from time tn time improvements around the wnrks which are
the results of discussions made at
some nf their meetings.
The Safety F'irst movement is very
important especially around a large
plant like that at Inc. where we have
large number of employees and therefore credit is due to an efficient committee such as we have, and wlm are
doing their best to protect us by the
I removal  of  dangers  for   which  they
! arc always ou the lookout.
However    whilst      we    appreciate
1 their vigilance it must be realized
that they do not come in contact w tli
every danger there might be and this
leads us to suggest lhat the committee might remember the saying "Two
heads are better than one" and invite suggestions and information
from the employees themselves and
for this reason,
('it times a workman may bc in
daily contact with something that is a
danger which could be easily remedied, and the Safety First Committee not knowing of it. it still remains
a danger.
Vmi may argue thai the workman
sn exposed should have sense enough
Ito report, but whilst lie has thc sens"
he still refrains in most instances
from complaining, because he thinks
he may be butting in and that the
bosses don't want his opinii n t suggestion. However if it becomes _ n-
cr.illy known that any intelligent
suggestion by an employee is open
for cniisidcratii.ii. he will feel encouraged to report a danger which
probably would not come to the
notice of a committee until after an
accident had taken place. We do not
hereby infer that the committee have
to act on every little scare or imaginary danger which might be reported,
but we believe the consideration 01
intelligent recommendations is quite
in line with the safety first movement.
The following gentlemen are serving ou the Safety First Committee at
President,   W.  Statham.
Secretary, F. Finnegan.
Committee.    C.   M.     Lamason,    T.
Brown, J. Ridcalgli.
 ��� __>  i ������
"You forgot one, teacher," said he.
"Flow about lifting the atmosphere
from a fair society matron, mistress
of a fashionable apartment in an exclusive residential neighborhood, who
is under the weather?"
Give    Satisfaction     for     a
Life Time
(Between Robson and Smythe)
Through Tickets
issued   to   all    parts
of the world.
to the Old Country,
Alaska, China and
For full
particulars apply-
to any
C. P. R.
She must have Food���
for her Armies in the Field    for her Workers in the Factory���in
the Munition plant    in the Shipyard���in the Mine.
Do You Know���
that the rapidly rising price of food stuffs
means that the World's reserve supply is
getting small ?
Do You Know���
that a world-wide famine can only be
averted by increasing this supply ?
Do You Know���
that a "food famine" would be a worse
disaster to the Empire and her Allies than
reverses in the Field ?
You Can���
help  thwart Germany's   desperate
marine thrust on the high seas.
You Can���
do this by helping to make every bit of
land in Canada produce���the very last
pound of food stuffs of which it is capable.
and Remember���
that no man can say that he has fully done
his part���who having land���be it garden
patch, or farm, or ranch���fails to make it
produce food to its utmost capacity.
BRITAIN" appeals to CANADA
India and Argentina are more than twice the distance away and
Australia more than four times.
2625 MILES
Canada to Britain       - ^
6000 MILES
India & Argentina to Britain
Australia to Britain namm
11500 MILES
"No matter what difficulties may
face us, the supreme duty of every
man on the land is to use every thought
and every energy in the direction of
producing more���and still more."
Martin Burrttt���Minister of Agriculture.
The Department invites every one desiring
information on any subject relative to Farm
and Garden, to write���
GJlfp ��tantafc
Published every Saturday at 426  Homer Street, Vancouver
telephone  Seymour 47(1
JUelstered   at   the   Post   Office   Depa-tmeiU.   Ottawa,   u
���wdiI  Class Mail Matter.
Te all points  in Canada, United Kingdom,  Newfoundland
__h-w Zealand and other British Possessions:
**���*!.*f�� to American.  European ana other foreign countrler
11.11 per year extra.
The  Standard   will   be  delivered   to  any  address   In   Van
o��ver or vicinity at len cents a month.
Member of the Canadian Press Association.
Th* Standard, with which is incorporated the Saturday
Chinook, circulates in Vancouver and the cities, towns, villages and settlements throughout British Columbia. In
politics the paper Is independent Liberal.
Publishers The Standard Company
Printers The standard Job Department
Phone Seymour 9086
We Write Insurance in Sound, Reliable Companies.
Dow Fraser Trust Co.
122 Hastings St. West.        McKay Station, Burnaby
OFFICES IN    /     a
Canadian Financiers Trust Co.
Incorporated 1907. First Company to obtain Registration under the B. C. Trust Companies' Act.
(Certificate No. 1)
Executor, Administrator, Trustee under Wills,
Mortgages, Marriage Settlements, Receiver, Liquidator and Assignee, Fiscal Agent for Municipalities
for sale of Debentures, Registrar and Transfer
Agent for Companies, Agent for Real Estate and
collection of Rents.    Insurance and Investment.
839 Hastings Street West
An effort is being made to have our national problems analyzed and discussed by groups throughout tlie
country*. I'm* this purpose ii is proposed to organize
a National Problem^ Club, witli branches in every province, wliich will neither conflict vvith nor duplicate
any existing Agency, Unbound by ties of party or by
sectional interests, the work of these clubs will be devoted not to tlie dissemintaion of opinion but to the
discovery of the truth concerning national welfare.
The suggestion is that for the first period the immediate problems of post-war reconstruction should be
taken up by the clubs. As is pointed out in the letter
of the temporary committee, these in thevnselves are
numerous and already most urgent. Take for example
the problem of the readjustment of employment.
Many subjects are provided for investigation by this
problem alone, under such headings as the restoration
of disbanded soldiers to civil occupations: the value,
adequacy or inadequacy, o ft he various land-settlement schemes proposed ; the desirability of bonuses,
capital advances, and other incentives in furtherance
of such schemes; the special training of those who
for any reason are unable to resume their old occupations; the special treatment of those partly incapacitated soldiers still capable of some forms of employment, as well as of those who wil bout help are no
longer economically self-supporting; the conversion of
munition and other war material plants to peace production ; the treatment of the women who in factories,
banks, etc.. have taken the place of men and may bc
required to give up their work again ; the possibilities
of additional employment through the establishment
of new industries, through new development of existing industries, though the exploitation of neglected
natural resources, through the conservation of resources at present wasted, and through new and improved methods of internal marketing; the rebuilding
of international trade, the opening of new foreign
markets or development of old ones, by aid of new-
trade alliances, bureaux pf foreign information, trade
consuls, selling agencies, etc.; the best methods of relief for unemployment by municipalities, provinces,
and the Dominion, if this last resort should prove
necessary; and so on.
While government departments and commissions are
investigating many of these problems* their investigation by representative groups throughout the country
is also needed, thus helping to create well-informed
public opinion. Information would be gathered, prepared by and exchanged between the clubs. Yl'jth the
existence of enlightened public opinion which as a result would be created, assistance would be given to the
adequate planning and effective execution of constructive measures. There is great scope for such an organization, which is described on another page. An
attempt is now being made to ascertain the measure
of support which may be expected for this proposal.
The results to date have been gratifying. Here is a
forum, free from political bias and selfish interests,
where our serious problems may be analyzed, where
East and West may discuss their problems as they appear locally and nationally, and where practical assistance may be given and organized for the general
welfare.���Monetary Times.
1 German insurance companies may continue to transact business in the United States, according to a proclamation issued by President Wilson, notwithstanding the fact that a state of war exists between the
United States and Germany. The larger German com-
lanies, ever since the break in relations, had pressed
���:or a definition of their status in the event of war,
and it was decided to issue a formal proclamation
guaranteeing against interference. The companies'
assets must remain in the United States.
The Michigan Commercial Insurance Company, of
Lansing, Mich., has ceased to carry on business in the
province of British Columbia.
 1 im ��� ���
ll is announced by Sir Thomas White, minister of
finance, that total subscriptions to the third war loan
have reached the huge sum of $26^,745,300. This
sum, however, includes $60,000,000 offered by the
chartered banks; $18,121,000 of conversions from the
first loan and $5,983,000 surrenders of debenture
stock. The banks' subscriptions will not be utilized
and the conversion of first loan bonds and debenture
stock do not figure in the total of new money, so that
ie actual amount of new rponey offered, exclusive of
the banks, was $182,640,300.
The net result is somewhat less than had been generally anticipated, thc common expectation having
been that the loan would at least run over $200,000,-
000. However, it is a splendid achievement even so,
and represents an oversubscription of more than 20
per cent. I'he number of subscriptions exceeds 40,-
800, which is over 3.000 more than last year. Subscriptions of less than $25,000 represent a total of
$82,880,000. To scale down the balance to make up
$150,000,000 all told, the following allotments will be
1. Twenty-five thousand dollars and under will be
allotted in full.
"2. From $25,000 up and including $100,000, the
first $25,000 in full, the remainder 80 per cent.
3. From $100,000 up to and including one million,
the first $25,000 the same as No. 2, the remainder 70
per cent.
4. In excess of $1,000,000, the first $1,000,000 thc
same as No. 3, the remainder 45 per cent.
Sir Thomas White explained that this will result in
subscriptions from $25,000 to $100,000 receiving an
average of 88 per cent, of the sum subscribed, and subscriptions over $1,000,000 an average of 57 per cent, of
the sum subscribed.
A comprehensive census of Canadian industries will
be taken for the year 1917 by the census and statistics
office, Ottawa. The idea is to have the fullest possible data in hand with regard to industrial undertakings available for the period of reconstruction which
will follow the return of peace. The reconstruction
committee of thc Hritish Cabinet is now considering a
similar suggestion.
Plans already drawn up for certain sections of the
field will be completed during the summer and the inquiry launched towards the end of the year, so thai the
results will be available for 1918.
It was announced at the offices of the Yorkshie &
Canadian Trust. Limited, that in view of the contemplated extension of the company's activities as a result
of the approaching increased industrial development
in the province, the directors of the company in England are desirous of forming a local advisory committee and have, therefore, asked Mr. K. Kerr lloulgate,
who has for many years ably acted as the company's
manager, to join Mr. George Kidd. general manager
of the llritish Columbia Electric Railway, in the formation of such a committee, Mr. II. VV. Dyson, having been approached by the local committee, has accepted the position of Manager vacated by Mr. Hotil-
gale's' promotion.
Mr. lloulgate, in addition to acting in an advisory
capacity to the Yorkshire & Canadian Trust, Limited,
will also engage in a general financial business in Vancouver.
As a result of a recent enquiry we find that Canada
has the greatest fire loss per capita of any country in
the world froln which statistics are available. The
per capita loss is constantly increasing. Conditions
are growing not better but worse.
Fire losses in    Canada   durffig last    50
years were $350,000,000
Losses in year 1890       5.500,000
Losses in year 1914     21,500,000
Increase 290 per cent.
From 1890 lo 1914 population increased about 67
per cent.
New buildings erected 1914      01,000,000
Of these were erected to repair fire losses   21,500,000
Fires and fire protection cost Canada in
1914 about      45,000,000
The British Cattle Supply Company, Ltd., with Dominion charter, has increased its capital stock from
$2,500,000 to $5,000,000.
European countries at war have long since placed a
ban on the importation of luxuries. As a matter of
fact a large proportion of the articles under ban arc
not luxuries at all, but in normal times, real necessities. But the warring governments will not permit
their peoples to spend their money for anything but
thc most urgent necessities, so the line is drawn tight.
Should the United States, now that il has entered
the world war, find it necessary or desirable to place
a ban on the importation of luxuries, it will indeed
have a rich field to work on. Such a ban would keep
out an astonishingly large amount of stuff���and would
keep at home a correspondingly remarkable total of
dollars.   For instance:
In the seven months ending with January. 1917, the
United States imported $14,372,000 worth of art
works; undressed furs, $10,329,000 ; ivory, $1,586,000;
precious stones, $28,268,000; unmanufactured silk,'
$90,632,000; manufactured silk, $22,417,000: liquors,
$9,718,000. Every one of these items shows a big increase over the total for the same period a year previous.
The First Map of Lines
A Minneapolis dispatch says that Mr. R. A. Garrett,
representing the Canadian government in St. Paul,
sent 1000 men to western Canada during the past week
and has been sending 100 a day for farm work. Men
were offered $50 a month with keep and opportunity to
acqltire 160-acre homestead free in two years. These
offers were understood in St. Paul to represent determination of the Canadian government to produce
a record crop this year despite the heavy warr drain of
farm laborers.
The lustoms revenue for Canada, during the year
which closed Marcil 31st last,, amounted to $145,949,-
Many United States manufacturers are making their
plans to establish branch plants in Canada in anticipation of tariff agreements among the Allies and the
overseas dominions. How the eiftrance of the United
States into the war will affect these plans and the
drafting of tariff agreements will be a matter of considerable interest. In the meantime, the committee
appointed last July to consider the commercial and industrial policy of Great Britain after the war. has presented a report. The conclusions of the committee,
whose chairman is Lord Balfour of Burleigh, are that
special steps must be taken to stimulate the production of foodstuffs, raw materials, and manufactured
articles within the Empire wherever the expansion of
production is possible and economically desirable for
the safety and welfare of the Empire as a whole. It is
recommended that the government'declare adherence
to thc principle that preference should be accorded to
the products and manufactures of the British overseas
dominions in respect of any customs duties now or
hereafter to be imposed on imports into the United
Also, it is'lhought necessary to consider immediately as one of the methods of achieving the stated objects, the desirability of establishing a wider range of
customs duties wliich would be remitted or reduced
on the products and manufactures of the Empire and
which would form the basis of commercial treaties
with allied and neutral powers. A system of imperial
preference will involve a system of tariffs, and the
difficulties of reconciling the interests of the Empire's
units are considerable. "It will be necessary to examine
closely the effect of imposing duties upon any articles
which are used for manufacturing purposes in Great
Britain," says the committee's report, "especially in
connection with our export trades and the shipping
and shipbuilding industries. Measures must be de
vised to safeguard the interests of the consumer and
the rightful demands of labor. The special position
of India, as well as of Egypt and the Sudan, will require consideration; and account must be taken both
of our commercial treaty obligations and of the bearing of the proposed policy upon the interests of those
countries our trade relations with which are of special
importance." Add to this the shortsighted and selfish
policies of various groups in various parts of the Empire, and we have a complicated problem for solution.
The chief objects of any agreement will apparently be
to narrow the trade activities of Germany and Austria
in the Allied countries and to encourage the volume of
trade (1) within the British Empire (2) among the
Allied nations. It will not be possible to formulate an
arrangement satisfactory to all. but concessions here
and there should produce a workable agreement.
-����������� MAP ���"������
M. fl. JONtt CO.
saxvti  mot 7viaad8 anx
A PIONEER dofng his chores near
his log cabin at Stonewall,
-Manitoba, one day early Id
June, 1881, put down his feed bucket
to put a hand to his ear to listen.
Then he threw down the bucket and
ran toward thc log cabin. Ab he
neared the eabln the man shouted:
"Here she Is a-comin'!"
His wife and children ran out of
the cabin to watch the first train on
the Canadian Pacific Railway steam
along from Winnipeg to Portage la
Prairie. A few days previous, the
first map of the lines was issued at
Winnipeg. The map announced
"Special low rates on emigrants'
moveables." The tariff went into
effect June 13, 1881. At that time the
railway lines ran from Rat Portage
to Winnipeg, a distance of 133 miles;
from Winnippg to Portase la Pralri a.
B.fi miles, and Irom Winnipeg to Erne*-
son. 65 miles. The total milcuse of
lines in cperation wns 2.>:i miles.
in 1881 Portage la Prairie was the
western terminus of the railway, and
Pat Poriagf. nou Kenora, was the
eastern terminus. The Pembina
branch, 65 miles louy. which was later
taken over by the Canadian Pacific,
was started In 1875 and completed in
1878. The first train over this branch
left St. Boniface on November 3, 1878.
The train officers were F. Hayward,
conductor, C. D. Vanama, engineer,
and J. Donovan, fireman,,and it consisted of an engine, three flat cars and
a caboose, it was a new sensation to
Winnlpeggers, who had gone by York
boats In summer, and the dog train in
winter who had Journeyed overland
in the Red River cart; and afterwards in stages or Red River steamboat. A new era of affairs was ushered in by the railroad. It made a trip
from Ontario to Winnipeg in three
days i08sible, over the line to Rat
Portage. Previously it often took five
weeks to make the trip, and even a
longer period in winter.
When the Canadian Pacific took
over the branch lines In Manitoba,
connection with the outside world
was made al Emerson, 65 tulles from
Winnipeg, by St. Paul, Miiinra;joli8
and Manitoba Railway. The main
line oi the C. P. it. west to Portage la
Prairie was situated a little north of
the present line.    Tho time card  in
1881 showed names ot several
towns and villages which are hardly
heard now. A daily service wa��
maintained south and weat of Winnipeg, and east as far as Croes Lake,
from which point to Rat Portage a biweekly service wa_s run. The 55-mile
run to Portage la Prairie was made
In 5 hours and 40 minutes, with a
stop at Poplar Heights lor refreah-
nents, giving the actual running rate
of a fraction more than ten miles an
hour. The trip to Portage la Prairie today is made in one hour and thirty-nine
minutes, including several stops. The
surveyed route, which for yean had
been selected as the future direction
of the railway west of Portage la
Prairie, ran northwestward. When
the first map of the lines was published it was announced that work was
proceeding rapidly on western extension from Portage la Prairie; Prom
la total of 253 mil<;s in 1881 the Canadian Pacific Railway has extended to
18,2:13 miles of lines. The railway
inow has 1,500 miles ot double tracks,
I which t'.-ceeds that of all other Canadian railways put together.
The first map ol liDes ever issued by the railway company.   The lines in 1881 extended 252 miles.
are 18,090 miles iu operation.
To-day ther* SATURDAY, APRIL
.'���"       .* *" '   i *t!  *"*
"It is the first  time in  fifty  years
lhat England lias ordered a ship built
in the United States." hi this statement by an official oi the Union Iron
Works of San Francisco, which has
contracted to build three 24,000-ton
steel freighters for llritish linns. Wc
have one hint as to the" provision
made by Great llritain against the
new submarine warfare. Unless the
submarine campaign collapses within
a short time il is plain that the Allies
will bc turned to this country for
new tonnage as tliey did for war supplies at the beginning of the war.
And even if Great firitain l>y extraordinary efforts of her own could
build ships as fast as the ["-boats
sank -hem. it is a question as to
whetty, the Hritish government
would not prefer to have them built
in this country. Diversion of energy
(rom the direct husiness of war
would be far from unwelcome tn the
enemy. If England should be impelled to call from the front a large
supply of ship-yard labor, as early in
the war she had to recall coal miners
and skilled workers, it would lie an
addition to her recruiting difficulties
which may well have been contemplated by tllc German war leaders
when thev decided noon the new sea
tactics.���N'ew York Evening Post.
In a reference to the entry of the
United States into the war, the Toronto Globe observes: "Thc first
fruits of the war is the emergence of
the democratic idea as a humanizing
influence in the social relations of
men, and as a consolidating world
power, binding nations together in
the' bonds of amity -and good will. It
is the turning back of the world to
the ethics of the Sermon nn the
fined as "father, mother, brother, sister, half-brother, or half-sister." Under the bill a sister or half-sister is
made liable for the support in perpetuity  ol   any   brother   who  happens
to be in necessitoui circumstances, irrespective of whether those circumstances were sell-induced by laziness,
dissipation or otherwise. The cost of
such maintenance can be collected by
legal process through the courts of
the land, even if distress of goods and
sheriff seizures have fo be resorted
Io. Such legislation should be passed
on for maturer consideration in another year. Unless neccessitous circumstances of one brother can be directly traced to the wrong doing of
another brother,  why in  the name-  of
justice should   the   latter be   made
legally responsible for his support?
Brothers do not  bring brothers into
the world, nor do they have any say
iii tlieir subsequent course of life. To
economic conditions, education, and
environment, over which the state
properly exercises considerable influence, can be traced most of the
human wreckage strewn along tile
path of life. Lei the state therefore
assume the burden of salving the
wreckage lints caused. Anotl (r serious objection is that thc- burden will
fall unequally upon the near relatives. Only those relatives who
chance to live in the province will be
reached. Thus an indigent person
with ten brothers, only one of whom
lives in the province, will fall exclusively upon the latter, even if the
other nine arc in much better financial circumstances. Where is the justice in distributing burden in this arbitrary  manner.���Victoria  Week.
Liberal Party
Saves $1,663,424
Brewster's   Budget    Speech
Shows Where Big Cuts
Are Made.
Notable Increase
In B.C. Production
Official Statistics Presented
to Legislature by Premier Brewster.
Era   of   Reckless   Spending
Has Come to an End In
British Columbia.
Recruiting in Montreal for the
Canadian FVence Force has been no
more successful than in other paits
of Canada. Less than twenty men
of the SfKIO reouired from Montreal
have been secured in a t*"o wen'-s'
campaign for recruits in which Major-General Wilson. G.O C., toot- a
prominent part. The Frencli-Qaii-
adians were ".imposed tn he ready to
rallv to tiie defence of their province,
even if thev would not enlist for
overseas. Tt is significant that in the
nrecR notices issued in connection
with the government advertising for
recruits for the Canadian Defence
Foree. ih'1 warning is given that this
is generally recognized n�� the la't
opportunity wliich Canadians W'U
have, in the nresent struggle, of joining voluntarily.
A liill introduced by thc new* Attorney-General entitled An Act Regarding the Maintenance of Sick and
Destitute Persons by Near Relatives
is one which will hear the very closest
scrutiny. The Bill provides that the
cost of maintenance - of persons in
necessitous circumstances who need
medical aid, and persons who are
physically or mentally incapable of
maintaining tlwuiiselvcs, shall he
charged against any near relative or
relatives who may happen to reside in
the province.    A  near  relative  is  dc-
Elbert II. Cray, chairman of the.
United States Steel Corporation, after thinking the subject over careful- '���
ly, compiled the following prescription for the young man ambitious to
attain  success:
1. lie should lie honest, truthful,
sincere, and serious.
2. He should believe in ami preach
and practice the Holden Rule.
3. He should he strong and healthy,
physically anrl morally.
4. His habits and mode of living
should bc temperate and clean and
his companions selected with regard
to  their  character  and reputation.
5. He should possess good natural
ability and a determination constant-
I ly to improve his mind and memory.
6. lie should possess a good education, including particularly the ftm-
i danientals,     such     as     mathematics,
. grammar, spelling, writing, geogra
phy and history; aiid also a technical education concerning tllc lines
he proposes to follow.
7'. He should he studious and
thoughtful, keeping his mind upon a
I subject until it is mastered.
8. He     should     be     conscientious.
I modest but courageous, energetic,
persistent, even-tempered, economical, faithful and loval to his friends
and the  interests h"e  represents.
As he handed over his recipe for
success, Judge Gary remarked:
'!Thc above qualifications, you will
notice, are within the reach of all. If
possessed, and put if-o practice they
will- bring success to the individual
and satisfaction to any others interested."���The American  Magazine.
Street Railway
States Case
Winnipeg    Company    May
Refuse to Pay Percentages to City.
The following statement of the
position of the Winnipeg Street Railway company will be read with interest by all who have watched the
struggle between thc B. C. E. R.
company and the jitneys in Vancouver, more particularly as it is not impossible that the same ultimatum may
be presented to the civic authorities
This is the text of the letter to tbe
city of Winnipeg of Mr. W. Phillips,
general manager of the company, in
regard to its claim of $1,000,000
against, the city in connection with
jitney competition:
"I am instructed by the directors of
the Winnipeg Electric Railway Company to draw your attention to our
communication addressed to you on
the subject of 'jitneys, under the date
of May 21, 1915, and to again point
out to you the unfair treatment
which we arc being subjected to By
the city council permitting and en-
t^ouraging jitneys to operate prac-
i.cally without regulation and in unrestricted competition with our company.
"When the company entered into
the contract ^authorized by bylaw 543
of the city of Winnipeg, it assumed
very onerous burdens of taxation and
otherwise, and was limited as to tlie
rate of fares collected in consideration of being given exclusive rights to
carry passengers upon thc streets of
the city. The company contends that
the action of the city in permitting
and encouraging jitney competition is
in direct breach of that contract. Thc
company in the last two years (being
the years of- jitney competition! na'd
to the city approximately $545,747."".
for general taxes, percentage of gross
revenue and pavement charges. Dui-j
ing these years it has alsn. cost tin-
company $20.(100 annually for keep-1
ing its tracks clear of snow, thus affording a clean road for the jitneys,
and also a car tax of S'O per year'per'
car amounting to $12,920.
"These  are  some  of  thc    amounts
wliich the company has to pay for the ;
privilege of carrying on  the business
of carrying passengers over the
streets of Winnipeg at fixed fares,
and on the other hand the jitneys are
allowed free and unlimited competition upon payment of the sum of $20
per year per car. Thc company is at
a loss to understand why thc council
objected to the legislation proposed
by the province of Manitoba to bring
the jitneys under the operation of
the public utilities commission. They
arc a public utility in the ordinary
sense of the word, just as much as
the street railway, and the intention
of that act was that all public utilities
should be under the jurisdiction of
the commission. Tn view of all that
has taken place the company has concluded, and is justified in concluding,
tliat the city is encouraging the jitney competition and seeks to financially embarrass  this  company.
"I am. therefore, instructed by the
directors to notify the city that as
this unfair competition is being encouraged by the city the company
must take a firm stand to enforce its
"Unless the council takes immediately steps to carry out its part of
the contract the company will be
obliged to consider refusing to pay
any further sums as percentages of
gross revenue, as taxes on the car:;,
or as pavement charges, and in any
event will insist that the city reim-
"hurse the company the amount lost
through jitnev competition during
the period this competition has been
permitted by the citv. This loss
amounts to at least $1,000,000.
"The company has always provided
for the citizens of Winnipeg a first-
class, efficient sl|eet railway system.
and one that ranks high with other
systems on this continent. The direct result of permitting the jitnev
competition to continue will be to sn
financially embarrass the companv
that it will not be able to keep it'
system efficient and up-tn-date. am'
will not be able, due to inability to
procure additional capital, to make ���***
tensions to the system generally, ain'
will not be able to provide thc eil
A proposed increase in taxation of
nearly four million dollars and a cut
iu tlic public works expenditures for
the year of over 40 per cent, are the
startling features of thc statement of
revenue anil expenditure for the fiscal
year ending .March 31, 1918. The estimates were tabled in the Mouse by
I'reniier Brewster during the course
of his budget speech. ^^^^^^
The estimated revenue for the
present fiscal year is placed at $9,-
868,325.13 and thc estimated expenditure $10,81X1,804.67. This latter figure
includes a little over two millions
chargeable to capital, such as payment of P, G, ti. interest defaulted
by the company. The revenue for the
year is thus approximately one million
less than the estimated expenditure.
The public works expenditures for
the year, which form a part of the
total expenditure figure given above,
will reach only $1,800,600, as compared with $3,023,010 for the fiscal
year ending March 31, 1917. The total
estimated revenue for the past fiscal
year was $5,944,015.13. and the estimated expenditure $11,301,374.86, being half a million greater than the
estimated expenditure for this present  fiscal  year.
As noted yesterday, the four millions extra sought from increased
taxation will be raised from amusement, personal property, real property, income, wild coal and timber land,
and poll taxes.
Wher;. Cuts Will Occur
hi speaking in the House on the
estimates the Premier made the following comparisons of this year's estimated expenditures with the 1916-
17   fiscal  expenditures:
Civil Government Salaries���$1,-
453,256. An apparent saving of $235,-
000 over the past year.
lt was the custom of the late government to include in "civil governmen t salaries" the allowances to dependents whose breadwinners were at
the front. This sum, amounting to
$130,000, has been placed on a separate vote under the jurisdiction of the
provincial secretary's department.
The difference. $105,000, is the saving
effected in the service.
Administration of Justice (Salaries'!
���$56,484. A saving of $11,000 over
the past year.
Legislation���$108,620. A saving of
about $60,000 over thc past year, in
which an election was held.
Public Institutions (Maintenance!
���$479,583. This shows an increase
of $7000 over the past year, owing to
expansion of mental hospitals (cost
of maintenance).
Hdspitals am! ,Charities-$36?.200.
There is a saving here ot $13__,UUU.
Administration of Justice (other
than salaries)���$227,990. A saving, is
effected of $80,000 as compared with
the past year.
Education���$1,480,000. A saving of
Transport���$43,000. No change
from thc past year.
Department of ABricul��u";7$i?2'"
250.    Effecting a saving of $34,000.
f $1,
zens of Winnipeg with efficient and
up-to-date transportation which it has
always heretofore done."
 ���  ^ ��� ���
Winnipeg does not appear to he a
happy hunting ground for eastern
politicians, most of them giving it the
go-by when heading either east or
west.' Hon. Arthur Meighen. solicitor-general, who recently toured the
west, did not even hesitate at the
prairie metropolis, while his friends
nnd enenves, Tlnu. George P. Gra-
ham and Mr. E. M. MacDonald, hist
looked ill for a few minutes on their
way hack home after their visit to the
Public Works���Sl.800.600. A
ing under this head is effected o
Miscellaneous���$967,156. This
vice has been subdivided into
proper departments, as will be noticed, the total of the service, however
showing a saving of about $320,000 as
compared with the previous year.
Department of Lands���$45/,2m. \
saving is effected of $108,000. In addition to the above expenditure provided by the estimates, there is a
statutory expenditure chargeable
against income as follows:
Delinquent extra municipal taxes,
$25,000: mines development act. $bl.-
245- mineral survey and development
act,' $100,000.  Total $276,245.
And chargeable to capital:     t
Nakusp and Slocan Railway, in excess of earnings. $23,000: Pacific
Great Eastern Railway, interest,
$907,200. Total $930,200. Total statutory expenditure $1,206,445.
Taking the estimated expenditure
of the past year. $11,301,374. and adding those statutory items not included in the estimates: Extra municipal taxes. $25,000; Mines Development Act. $49,000; Nakusp and Slocan
Railway, $23,000; Pacific Great Eastern Railway, interest paid January 15,
1917 $422,443; supplementary estimates. $80,145, a total of $11,9(10.962.
and deducting public debt expenditure, which will be a steadily rising
factor if we keep on borrowing. SL-
422.254, leaving a total of $10,478,708.
this government has effected a saving
in general expenditure over last year
of $1,663,424. leaving a total of $8.-
818 ^84
Expenditure  1917-18    $10,800,804
Less public debt       1,985,520
Mineral Output Rapidly Increasing���Much Lumber
Scaled Last Year.
The four great industries of the
province, mining, agriculture, lumbering and fishing, all showed substantial increases in the value of
production last year, according to
rcpoftS which Premier lircwster
has  submitted   to  the  legislature.
For the calendar year 1916. mining production totalled $42,300,000
in value, an increase of 44 per cent.
over the preceding year.
Forest industries showed products
worth $35,528,000, an increase over
1915 of about six millions. The
total amount of timber scaled was
1,280.000,000 feet.
Agricultural products in 1916 were
valued at $32,259,000, an increase of
approximately   $1,131,000   over    191a.
Fishery products for the fiscal
year ending March 31. 1916, were
valued at $14,538,000, an increase of
about three millions over the preceding fiscal year.
The general increases in production
in the four departments arc due to
higher prices as well as to increased
Remarkable Rise
The report of the mining department, which is of particular interest,
"The total value of mineral production t'i the end of 1916 was rough-
ly $558,500,000. The total otitnut for
the year 1916 was nearly $42,300,000,
an increase of 44 per cent, over the
preceding year.
"Thc output from metalliferous
mining iii 1915 was valued at nearly
$21,000,000. which in 1916 was over
$32,000,000, an increase over the preceding year of about $11,000,000. or
54 per cent., while as compared with
the former record year of 1912. the
increase is 76 per cent.
"While some of this- enormous increase in value is undoubtedly directly due to the higher market value of
the metals, vet there has been a largely increased nuantitv of metal produced. To instance the more important economic minerals, ta'-e lead, the
output in 1915 was 46.500,000 tiounds'
in 1016 it was nearly 49.000.000
pounds, an increase of 2.500.000
pounds of metal produced. The output of conner increased similarly
from 57,000.000 pounds to nearly 65.-
500.000 pounds, an increase of about
8.500.000 pounds, and the quantity of
zhic nrodnrcd has increased from
about 13.000.000 in 1915. to 37.000.000
pounds in 1916. an increase of about
24.000.000 pounds, or nearly 200 per
High Prices of Metals
"These arc facts represented by
figures that certainly indicate that
the industrry as a whole has been en-
ioving a most profitable and successful year, while there is every reason
to exnect that such will continue during 1917, the first three months of
which have already expired and have
given such definite indications that it
is safe to predict that the mineral
output for 1917 will he greater than
"The tonnage of the ore mined ill
the province in 1915 was about 2.-
700.000. while in 1916 it was about
3,200,000 tons, which certainly shows
an increase worthy of serious consideration.
"There is no doubt but that this
great increase in output was stimulated by the high prices of the metals
due to war conditions, but it is now
practically assured that these high
prices will continue for the full year
1917. Thus the realization of what
we have looked forward to, namely,
the fullest possible economic development of Brilish Columbia's mineral
resources, seems to be at hand. Already much progress has been made.
Thc government bv means of new-
legislation, has implemented a well-
considered policy which, it is confidently belipved, will place the industry
on a fir/i footing. The indications
are that these satisfactory conditions
will be sustained, being, we hope, followed by industrial enterprise which
will afford a permanent local market
for the output of our metalliferous
"Coal .mining is largely dependent
on other mining for a market and the
increase in metal mining has had its
influence on the coal andVoke output,
which in 1916 was dearly $2,000,000
higher than the preceding year, while
it seems probable that a similar increase Will bc made in 1917. bringing
the gross value of thc products of the
collieries  up  to over $11,000,000."
Lend     your   lawn     mower     to   the
neighbors,   by  all  means.     But  insist
that they use it on your lawn, not on
theirs.    Exercise is all  they  want.
�� * *
As sown    as  llindenberg    gets    to
calling his masterly strategical retirement  a  fall-back  of  the  beaten,  he's
I licked.
* * *
Vancouver shipmasters have received a request from the Prohibition
party that they change the phrase
"Port your helm" to "Grapejuice
your Helm."
* * ft
|     Some   of   these   Vancouver   lax
drivers arc real "auto"-cratl
* * *
Shark and other fish  skins are now
being used as substitutes for leather
in the making of shoe-. Then- are
quite a few laud sharks around Van-
I couver that we would have great
j pleasure in seein,; properly tanned.
One hundred and three bulls recently sold in Calvary in two hours
realized $28,205, which is more inonev
than is paid to the snorting editors
of all  the  Vancouver   papers.
* * %
Many a man has made good money
by not writing poetry.
* * *
A marriage is often the result of a
mutual misunderstanding.
* * *
Luck may be a good master, but
his pay days are uncertain.
* * *
A misogynist is a man who believes  woman  is man's hitter  hah.
* * *
Dress designers say women's skirts
will lie longer next fall. Designing
men hope not. ,
* *'��
Only the man who has reached the
I top   of   the   ladder   can   hope   to   cope
with the  High Cost of Living.
same revested in L'nited States bj
Act of Congress Dated June 9. 1916
Tw million three hundred thousa
acres to be opened for homestead;
and -ale. Timber and agricultural
lands. Containing some of best left
in United Staty. Now is the opportune time. Ladfe Sectional Map jhov
ing lands api description of soil, climate, ijJ-Ttall. elevations, etc. Postpaid OM- Hollar. Grant Lands Locating J^.. Box hit). Portland, Oregon.
Owing^to the high cost of paper
they are now- using leather in the
manufacture of hoots and shoes,
I low    would    it do if the    United
States hired  Roosevelt and   Billy  S.in-
day as a recruiting team?
* * *
Hogs  arc  selling at  $16.50 on   the
I hoof.    Oh hard!
Cost of living high? Sav. 'way
down south cotton is so expensive
that a farmer eats a square meal at
the best hotel, lias a cigar, puts down
a cotton seed and gets fifteen cents
ft f. tf
Said   Mrs.   Didohooley.   (if   Xorth '
Vancouver:     "Me   bye's   j'ined    the
army, he's in the th' band.    He's what
they call th' bungler, y' know.'
ISc,-don   134.)
I.N' Till-; MATTER f.c Application Nn
:: I842T mid
IN* Till-: MATT EH ol hota fifteen (li,
and sixteen <l(i), isiock live (5), re-
aubdlvlsion of South Mmr nt r.iocr.
live (.',), District Lots :;il and J92,
Municipality ot Snuth Vancouver
Map lair,.
TAKE NOTICE that lhe above application has been made to register Th-
Hritish Columbia Life As&uranci
Company a..* owner in fee of lh.- abov.
lands, nnd for the issue ro tho said
Th. British Columbia Life Assurance
Company oi a Cerlilicate of Indefeanl-
bel Title thereto, and that in support
ol such application there has been Deduced a mortgage in fee from Henry
Oscar Appleby to the said The Britis)
Columbia Life Assurance Company.
dated 14th August. 1S12. and reeisti red
under No. CC41II F; and an Order in a
Foreclosure Action in the Vancouver
Kecristry of the Supreme Court of
Brilish Columbia, between the si id
British Columbia Life Assumnce company. Plaintiff, and Henry Oscar Appleby, John Paton, Douglas S. n���w and
Lawrence Berry, Defendants, whereby
you (the registered owner of Lot Id,
are absolutely debarred nnd fore.-loi.ed
of nnd from all right, title, and interest, and equity of redemption In and
to the said lands.
registration will be effected in pursuance of the above application, and a
Certificate of Indefeasible Title to the
said lands, issued to the said The T.rh
ish Columbia Life Assurance Oonmanv
after the lapse of thirty (301 days frorr
the service unon you' of thia' notice,
unless you shall lake and prosecute
the proper proceedings to establish
vour claim, if any. to the sahl lands. Or
I to prevent such proposed action on my
Dated at tlie Land 1'eo-lslry Office.
Vancouver. Ti. C. this r.ath dav of Dl -
cember,  AT).. IBifi.
ARTin-p c   SMITH
District Registrar of Title
Total       J 8.815.284
The Swift Current candidate of the
Non-Partisan League iir parliamentary honors in Saskatchewan, has
such a strong following that he has
been endorsed by both the Liberal
and 'Conservativxe parties. This Independent. Mr. J. D. I'.ykcs. has as
one of his platform plal.ks "the right
to criticize or oppose anything
brought up by either patty."
At their annual meeting Tuesday
evening the members of the Princeton Independent Liberal Association
elected the following officers: lion,
president. Premier Brewster: president, Dr. VV. L. Ritchie; vice-presidents, A. E. Irwin and VV. D, Young:
secretary-treasurer, Geo. G, Lyall:
executive. N. Huston, A. McKenzie.
Al Johnston, J. Drummond. O. Golds-
borongh, K. C. Brown. T. White. T.
Cuinan. Al. Olcrich. 1. Gcllatlv and
C. Willarson.
Prince George Liberals have endorsed Raymond Leighton, of Savona.
as candidate for Yale-Cariboo for
federal honors.
��elk fresh oobc
A LITTLE more co-operation between the merchants and the
railways Aill do much to relieve the present freight situation.
The railways are not trying to shift
the responsibility on to the public,
but are asking the public's help.
Much more tonnage, for instance,
could be handled with the existing locomotive power and terminal facilities if cars were loaded to capacity
instead ot being so often only two-
thirds full In the old days when
traffic was lighter, it mattered less to
the railways if a shipper did not use
all tbe space lie paid for���that was
the shipper's loss. But now it is realized that tbe extravagance of one
shipper may cause delay to others
owing to the limited amount ot locomotive power and terminal facilities.
The shortage is not so much in equipment as in train crews, and labor in
the yards and roundhouses. Anything which can help to secure
quicker clearance and freer move-,
ment in the yards, helps to speed up
the movement ot freight. Another
drawback to the economical movement ot freight Is that a great many
consignees order not the full carload
of freight, but merely the minimum
allowed under the classification. It
would materially help to solve the
problem if in placing orders consignees would order enough to Oil a
car to capacity Instead of the minimum, which very often does not represent more than half a carload.
The question of the capacity of cars
Is itself the subject ot investigation.
The standard of loading grain, for instance, has remained the same for
many year3, but improvement in the
engineering of ears has gone on steadily, so that the modern freight car
can bear stresses greatly in excess of
what was possible twenty years ago.
The result is that there is prospect of
considerably increasing the load line
on quite a large proportion of freight
equipment, thus increasing the train
capacity without requiring additional
train   crews.     Grain  cars  rated  for
Measl'sino  DerTH or Gail* th Ca����
80.000 lbs. are found capable ot carry*
ing over 90,000.
lt has been figured that I! tbe averml
age load could be increased on Caaa*
dian railways In 1917 by five Limeo.
over that of 1915, this would bei
equivalent to 54,800 additional cars,)
requiring no additional locomotives'
or man-power.
Canadian business men are, therefore, being urged to co-operate withi
the railways in their endeavor to increase the existing carrying capacity,,
by using to better advantage the present available rolling stock. Light
bulky commodities, of which there axe
many, should be loaded to the full
cubic capacity of cars. Heavier
freight should be loaded to the full,
carrying capacity which is 10% in
excess of their stencilled capacity."
The following figures are taken from the Railway Statistics ot the Do-
minion ot Canada, issued by the Beputy Minister of the Department et
Railways and Canals, and cover all the railways of Canada:
Note.���1907 is the first and 1915 the last year for which figures are available.
m     , . 1907 1915 Increase
Total tons freight carried 1 mile    ...11,687,711,830   17,661,309 723      611%
Aggregate capacity of freight ears (In
tons>    *���         2,908,903 6,731,265
Total freight cars   105,540 201690
The 1907 average csjr The 1915 average car
Capacity ' 17 & Teas
Contents l5-4Tons
oo  -oo
The car capacity increased 5.8 tons.     The contents increased 3.0 tons.
48% of Ihe additional capacity provided was not used.
The public is asked to co-operate with the railways in an endeavor to
remedy the existing ear shortage.
It can be done by utilizing to better advantage the present available roll-
Ing stock.
By increasing the average car load to 23.4 tons or 5 tons more than during 1915 would be equivalent to the placing of
54,800 additional cars in service
Light bulky commodities, of which there are many, should be loaded to
the full cubic capacity or cars. Heavier freight should be loaded to th*
maximum carrying capacity authorized. EIGHT
Wkt &UvtomV
Wm. Dick puts over another of
his suits-A Norfolk at $16.50
WM.  DICK   has    jusl  opened    up another of
those suit  specials that make such a hit with
the men who have new clothes t" buy.
This time it ia a Blue Norfolk al $16.50, and
it is as good a suit as you'll find ill town at $25.
11 has a style you'll not find in most suits at
twenty-five dollars.
If you want to see a suit that makes a hit with
you, and that costs you less than you usually
pay for clothes, conic in and try on a few ol
Pinchers Too
There are a lot of new Pinchers at $15,00
$18.00, $20.00 and $25.00, that most men like,
especially the ones who look for a good deal of
style and snap in their clothes.
William Dick Limited
"Two Big Stores for Men"
33, 47-49   -   Hastings East
The "CAMPBELL" System
of Moving Household Furniture
The First of May is the busiest moving time in the whole year.
Don't lose a minute in booking your moving orders���get on the line
with us NOW���Sey. 7360.
"First come, first served"���that's only fair. And in tlie light of our
past experiences we know that this is good advice to you���and given ill
the best spirit.
-__   a   m avx  w* *���> w   *   ��� fl       s.cuilly   I ^in-proof   Storage   and
(P A IMP P FI I   S   Mov,n*r"
Vs/*��lvll     LLIill ��JcHAS. E. CAMPBELL, Manager
FIBEPROOF WARMHOUSIO.     788  BEATTV  ST. Phone Sey. 7300
Is Your Milk Protected Like This ?
One of the most important operations iu our dairy���and, strange to
say, one of the least important in many dairies���is the cleansing of the
milk bottles.
Tn this we are most particular, as so much depends upon the condition of the bottle. There's' unite a lot of good milk brought into Vancouver each day only to be partly spoiled by it being put into unclean
Here is one of the BIG advantages that safeguard you and your
children when you use Sou-Van Milk, as we certainly have an tine-
equaled milk���a clean, fresh, wholesome and nourishing milk that is
being used in hundreds of Vancouver homes each day���a milk that is
never changed once in a sterilized bottle���always fresh and good���a
milk we take care not to spoil.
Sent to your home daily in sterilized bottles���always fresh and good
���thc safest milk you can obtain ih Vancouver for babies and invalids.
If you have any difficulty in securing a sample, call us up on thc
phone and we'll leave you a bottle next delivery. Fair. 2624.
Phone Highland 137
Grandview Hospital
VANCOUVER     -     B.C.
Medical : Surgical  : Maternity
Rates   from  $15.00  per  week
Classified Advertising
Zero Shows What
Bowser Knows
Knew      Nothing,      Knows
Nothing and Will Tell
Showed Wisdom of Serpent
In  Not  Learning Anything Concerning P.G.E.
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, 48
Hasting* St. E., and 782 Granville
Street, Vancouver, B. C.
wanted to clean and repair at th*
factory, 438 RICHARDS STREET
Former Premier VV. J. Ilowser told
the P. G. E. enquiry committee Tuesday morning that he would not at
this stage discuss campaign funds,
either Conservative or Liberal, but he
intimated that if any more direct evidence than that of D'Arcy Tate were
given before the committee he would
be prepared later to appear to tell
what he knew concerning Liberal
campaign funds.
During the fourteen years he had
been iu public life he had never profiled by a single dollar personally by
a contribution from any source that
might be in connection with the Conservative party, he declared. Beyond
that he* did not propose to make any
Just Think! Bowser Surprised
K. II. Pooley mentioned to Mr.
Bowser the evidence concerning A. H.
B. Macgowan's interest in a P. G. E.
"It was most surprising news to
me," said the opposition leader. He
had never known that any member
of the legislature had profited from
any contract.
Then Mr. Hanes of North Vancouver proceeded to question (Mr. Bowser
regarding campaign funds. Three
limes he asked regarding Tate's statement. Each time Mr. Bowser repeated his refusal to answer any
questions concerning any campaign
funds  for cither party.
The ex; munition of Mr. Bowser
centred about the overpayments by
the government to the P. G. E. company, the interrogations being quite
evidently directed towards showing
that Mr. Bowser either as attorney-
general, acting minister of finance
or premier, was responsible for the
whole affair.
Mr. Bowser told lhe chairman that
he was ready to admit that the section of the agreement dealing with
the proportion to be paid to the company from the proceeds of bond sales
was rather peculiarly drafted. It had
been taken from the C. N. P. agreement, and originally came from a Dominion government railway agreement. In one place this section says
that payments shall be made so far
as practicable and according to speci-
place it is set out that the moneys
fications and standard, and in another
to be paid out shall bear thc same
proportion to the total proceeds as
the work done bears to the total project. Mr. Bowser claimed that under
the general wording of the section
discretion was given the government.
"Do you think that this is authority,
for paying $42,000 per mile, the full
amount of the guarantee on parts of
the road that were never touched,"
demanded the chairman.
Was Wise, "Didn't Know"
"I do not know that. I only hear
that that was the case in evidence,"
was the reply. He said he could not
swear that he had not known that the
total amount of the bond issue was
paid out. There vvas always a holdback, up to July, 1915. He himself
was never actually appointed minister
of finance. He merely acted for Ellison on one or two occasions.
He would not agree that he had
known for some time that Foley,
Welch & Stewart were not living tip
to the agreement with the government. He had always understood, he
said, that the guarantees would not
be sufficient to build tjie road. It
would bc necessary for the firm to
put in additional moneys. He would
not say that these should bc paid in
pro rata.
Statement Was Incorrect
He informed the committee that apparently he had been misled when he
announced in the Mouse last year that
the firm had put in several million
dollars of its own money. That
statement was given him by Mr. Tate,
but subsequent evidence before the
committee seemed to indicate that it
was incorrect.
Left It to Dick
Mr. Bowser pointed out that in the
days of construction on the P. G. E.
Sir Richard took an active interest
in the matter, and the other cabinet
members had comparatively little to
do with it except in touching on
questions of policy.
Mr. Bowser said he did not know
until last session that all of the P. G.
E. stock had been issued to Foley,
Welch & Stewart and Tate. He took
the principal security behind the P. G.
E. to be the private covenant of
Foley, Welch & Stewart. He did not
know, except from Liberal speeches,
that the Welch contract from the P.
G. E. was a private contract. He
knew nothing about the unit prices to
Welch being the basis on which the
government payments to the P. G. E.
were made.
"1 knew nothing about unit prices,
between the premier and the railway-
That was net my business. That vvas
Mr. Hanes asked Mr. Bowser if he
had known that the P. G. E. bonds
had been allowed to lapse. - The reply was that he had heard of it since.
Acting Premier To
Start War Dance
Sir   George   Foster,  acting-premier
of Canada, during the absence of Sir
Robert llorden in London, will at 4
o'YIock next Wednesday afternoon
give a telepraph signal from his office in the parliament buildings, Ottawa, formally announcing the time
for the formal opening of the big
War Dance and Carnival has arrived.
The moment Sir George presses the
button, 2K00 miles east of Vancouver,
an electrically controlled wheel concealed in decorations on a high flagpole near the Queen's Palace, on the
Georgia viaduct, will revolve, swinging a French sword which will sever
a ribbon binding a string of flags of
Creat Britain and the Allied nations.
The fluttering of the flags in lhe
breeze will also mark the moment
when Queen Miss Josic Siddons will
take her seat on her royal throne, for
the crowning ceremony, which will
take place a few moments later.
Arrangements are being made today with the C. P. R. for the necessary telegraphic connection with the
Royal Palace, so that a direct current
may flow from Ottawa to the cutting wheel. The sword is a relic of
the battlefield of Ypres, where it was
picked up by a Canadian soldier.
To avoid long waits and crushing
at the gates next week, the management has placed admission tickets on
sale at a number of drug and cigar
stores down town, where residents
are urged to procure them as early
as possible Tickets sold before the
opening day will entitle the holders
to 50 cent premiums, goods donated
by various merchants. It had been
the intention to give these premiums
with all admission (tickets, but the
magnitude of the undertaking makes
this impossible, so no gifts will be
available for tickets bought at the
viaduct. Children under 12 will be
charged 25 cents admission, while
those under six will enter free. Drawings for the big prizes for thc coupon
tickets will take place oil the bridge
on Friday afternoon.
Kipling Welcomes
America Into War
The Daily Telegraph prints verses
by Kudyard Kipling, written to celebrate America's participation in tlie
war. Tbe poet puts the words in the
mouth of "The American Spirit," who
speaks of the opportunity to "recover the road we lost in the drugged
and doubting years." Two stanzas
In thc gates of death rejoice;
We see and hold the good���
Bear witness, Earth, we have made
our choice
For Freedoms brotherhood.
Then praise the Lord most high.
Whose    strength   has    saved  us
W/io hade us choose that the flesh
should die,
And not the living soul.
Splendid Lectures On
The Bard of Avon
pupil, Mr. Edward Chamberlain who
contributed from "Richard 111" and
one of the soliloquies from "Hamlet."
whili Miss Blanche N'adeau and Miss
Margaret l.c Mcssiirier sang Shakespearian songs wilh piiiquancy and
Royal Address
Following   is   the   text   of   the   address to be presented to lhe Queen of
Vancouver     next   Wednesday     afternoon :
To   Her  Majesty   lhe    Queen    of the
Carnival,  Miss Josic Siddons.
For lhe lime "Miss Vancouver," War
Dance   Patriotic   Festival,   Vancouver, May 2-5, 1917.
Gracious Lady,��� By the widely extended suffrages of the citizens of
this fair city you have been chosen
Queen, and presiding genius of tllis
our  patriotic  festival.
Wc know, Fayre Lady, these arc
troublous times. Those who cried
"havoc" and let loose thc dogs of
war have caused pain and tears. Wc
the I>. C. Commercial Travellers, who
have organized this War Dance, hope
to lessen the pain, to help dry those
Wc do not make mirth because we
lack compassion, but rather that wc
feel that music, song and dance, of
that sort which gives delight and
hurts mil, will bring comfort to those
who suffer in body, spirit and estate.
Our joy shall be the emblem of that
sunshine which  surely follows storm.
Our best intents are all for the delight of Vancouver citizens and the
strangers who tarry within our gates.
The Red Cross Fund, the Patriotic
Fund, the Returned Soldiers and Sailors' Relief Funds, these are the institutions to benefit by the bounty of
our citizens and our visitors. You by
your generous presence in the honorable position to which you have
been elected, countenance and help
us. We pray that you may for many,
many years look back on this day
with memories of pleasure at having
helped in what we have attempted
and what we have accomplished. Further we express the confidence that
this year of your reign may see a
glorious victory for British and Allied arms, and the return of prosperity to our city, our province, our Dominion, and our Empire.
In this fervent hope, wc, for the
citizens of. Vancouver, affix our signatures and seal to this respectful
and affectionate address.
"God Save the  King."
Go To It Cowper
Says Macdonald
as he
Tliere arc girls who will laugh at
everything a 'man says, especially the
girls with dimples.
The local commemoration committee has, in the great Ter-Centennary
last year antl again this season, done
a distinct service to the claims of
literature and to the undying memory
of its master-mind by the courses of
lectures given under its auspices. It
is only fitting that every community
in which high achievement in the
realm of literature is held in devotion
should seek in such way to signalise
a great annual commemorative occasion and to place a new garland on
the urow of the immortal whose name
speaks afresh, in these days, of the
Awakening of England.
The series of lectures now in
course worthily upholds the memorial idea. The. first was given by
Prof. Hill-Tout in the Britannia
school on the I7th inst. and, with his
established name as a graceful speaker, he gave a concise but comprehensive view of the Age, the Man and
the Poet and spoke of Shakespeare's
tremendous influence on English-
speaking communities and on wider
fields, since the distant days wdicn the
velvet shoes of the poet . trod the
busy Strand in the metropolis. , At
this lecture a few of Mrs. (Capt.) Jas.
McNeill's lady pupils gave delightful illustrations in song and recital;
and a special feature vvas the fine
dramatic work done by M. J. Francis
Bursill and Mr. W. R. Dunlop in costume scenes from "Julius Caesar."
Dignity and declamation marked
the efforts of both; and on a stage
with the facilities of the Britannia
Auditorium, the appropriate Roman
custumes gave additional strength to
the splendid rendering of the speeches
of Brutus and Antony by Mr. Dunlop and to the equally fine delineation of the quarrel scene between
Brutus and Cassius in which Mr. Bursill played the former and in which
both shewed discrimination and
On the 20th inst. the Rev. Dr. Chas.
J. Cameron, who enjoys a great
name as a dramatic lecturer, gave a
fine analytical study of "Macbeth,"
speaking of it as the most tremendous expression of conscience that
literature has given, and closed with
a homage of tare beauty to the name
and memory of the noct-dramatist.
Mr. Harold Nelson Shaw t was unavoidably presented by illness -from
giving selections from "Hamlet." and
though the disappointment was
naturally a kt en one he was very acceptably substituted by his promising
(By Walt Mason.)
I wandered to the grogshop, Tom;
I stood behind the bar and drank a
bowl of lemonade and smoked a rank
cigar; the same old kegs and jugs
were there, the ones we used to know
when we were on the roundup. Tom,
some fifteen years ago. The barkeeper is a new one, Tom; the one
who used to sell corrosive tanglefoot
to us is stoking now iu H���alifax;
the new one has a plate glass front,
his hair is combed quite low, he looks
just like the one wc knew some fifteen years ago. Old soaks came up
and called for booze, and dudeiets
staggered in and burned tbe lining
from their throats with fine old Holland gin; and women stood outside
the door, tlieir faces seamed with woe,
and wept just as they used to weep
some liftee'n years ago. I asked about
our old-time friends���those cheerful,
sporty men���and some were in the
poorhouse, Tom, and some were in
the pen; and one���the one we liked
the best���the hangman laid him low;
the  world  is  much    the    same,  dear
Victoria, April 26.���"There will be
no attempt made to prevent the lion
orable member from amending his
charge lo fifteen thousand dollars
ten thousand dollars, five dollars or
any   other   sum."   was   the   Statement
made p. ihe- legislature this afternoon
by Hon. .\[. A. Macdonald. attorney
generaj, in reply to J. S. Cowper.
junior member for Vancouver
Mr. Cowpcr some days ago charged
that   the    attorney-general  had    got
$25,000 from the Canadian Northern
which did not reach the Liberal cam
paign fund and who, since has
amended the amount to fifteen thou
sand dollars and also amended tin-
source from Ihe C, X. K.'p, tjje P.
G. E., ami who, this aftcrni-iln, attempted to make it appear the instructions to Judge Gregory are con
. proof of the sum of $25,000.
 riginally stated.
Charges Deception
This statement from the attorney-
general completely took the wind oiil
���of the Cowper sails as he was speaking to his motion to adjourn the house
to hear a matter of great public urgency���that bis original charge of
was not to be permitted of
Naturally, Mr. Oowper's
motion of "urgency" was voted down
and in the short and pertinent debate
upon it. it was charged bv I Ion. John
Oliver, minister of railways and agriculture, that the junior member for
Vancouver was attempting to deceive
the house as to the urgency of the
matter, with his statement that Judge
Gregory, the commissioner appointed
to investigate the charge, was griinn
to start the\ hearing tomorrow.
Demand Resignation
As a matter of fact, the bearing is
to commence next Wednesday morning. Mr. Oliver, too, gave a stron.
intimation that a demand will bc
made upon Cowper 'to resign bis seat
a member of thc legislature, if Into prove his serious charge
against the attorney-general and, furthermore, Hon. Mr. Oliver said, if tin
charge could be proved, tlie house
would have to purge itself of the accused man. M. B. Jackson (Islands),
upon the insistence of Mr. Coyfper in
repeating his statement that the scope
of the commissioner was being limited, which statement he cvidentl..
was making for circulation in the opposition press, declared that if Cowpcr had the common decency of a
man, he would not labor the subject
thc statement of Hon. M. A.
mid go
Macdonald that Mr. Cowper
as far as he liked.
Upon a vote being taken on the
motion to adjourn as a matter of
public urgency, the motion was defeated. Cowper and Dr. J. W. Mcintosh voting for it. ami the opposition
not being heard from.
George B. Howard, Vancouver's
talented histrionist, has lost none of
his strong hold ou- local admirers
during his temporary absence from
this city. This was clearly shown \n
the fine reception tendered him on
Monday evening, when he headed the
cast of the Wayne-Blake players in
the presentation of "Liberty Hall" at
the Avenue Theatre. Mr. Howard
appeared as Silas K. Woolcott, and
the great "hand" he received testified to his popularity and ability. _
Mr. John Blake also came in for
warm applause for his work as Gerald Riordan, the witty Irish member
of parliament.   Jitstinia Wayne was
Tom,  as  fifteen  years  ago.   I   asked'splendid "good auntie" and the othc
about tthat stately chap whom pride .members of the company took their
marked for its own; he used  to say parts with much credit.
that he could drink or let the stuff
alone; he perished of the James H,
Jams, out in the storm and snow;
ah, few survive who used to bowl
sonic fifteen years ago. New crowds
line up against the bar and call for
crimson ink, new hands are trembling as they pour the stuff they
shouldn't drink;-but still the "same old
watchword rings, "This round's on
me, you know!" The same old cry
of doom wc heard some fifteen years
ago. I wandered to the churchyard,
Tom, and there I saw the graves of
those who used to drown themselves
in red, fermented waves, and there
were women sleeping there where
grass and daisies grow, who wept
and died of broken hearts some fifteen years ago. And there were
graves where children slept, have
slept for many years, forgetful of the
woe that marked their short, sad journey here; and 'neath a fine tall monument in peace tliere lieth low the man
���who used to sell the booze some fifteen years ago.
Of the Old Women Who Lived In a
A newly registered voter.
Kitchennetted between the Pearl
Grey canvas uppers and the
She ran an Orphan Asylum
(For of course no woman today has
many children).
Harrassed by the High Price of Foodstuffs,
She gave them some War Bonds.
And tucked them away in cribs,
bunks, hammocks, and disappearing beds,
Then went out to a Cabaret, taking,
henknitting along.
Just to make believe she was serious.
The entire proceeds of the performance were applied to charitable purposes, the first hundred dollars being used ip buy an artificial leg for
Jean Francois ftacouman, a French
soRlicr-hero who was wounded at
Verdun, while the balance will go to
succor deserving children in this city.
That thc express companies of
Canada, under a judgment of the railway board, have the right at any time
to refuse to carry any specific article,
was an interesting fact which developed during consideration at Ottawa of the request of the Express
Traffic Association of Canada to be
relieved from accepting for carriage
goods of big weight or bulk usually
forwarded by freight.
Last week   a total of $15.43    was
donated to the local Prisoners of War
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vnnmr, B.C.
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Lines
C. E, Jenney, Q. A. P. D.
Phone:   Sey. S134     <
W. O. Connolly, C. P. F. A.
S2T Gruriilt Street


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