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The Standard Aug 26, 1916

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Array THE ECONOMIC ASPECT OF
SOME POLITICAL
SPEECHES
By "CRITICUS"
���^
Page 2
THE ECONOMIC ASPECT OF
SOME POLITICAL
SPEECHES
By "CRITICUS'
Page 2
Vol. V, No. 17���Established 1911
VANCOUVER,  B.C.,   SATURDAY,   AUGUST   26,   1916
Price Five Cents
I
This Prohibition Act Was
Framed by Base Deceivers
ANY measure to stop the manufacture and sale of liquor or any measure Which is honestly drawn with
a view to reducing thc sale of liquor will have the
straight support of THE STANDARD, and every right
thinking man in British Columbia whose desire is to pro-
temperance and progress. But when a pious band of
UTticians get together and bring forth a would-be "prohibition" bill which is opposed to every principle of temperance, fairness and honesty, THE STANDARD refuses to
be rushed to the endorsement of such proposed legislation.
If, therefore, we stand out as the only paper in British
Columbia deliberately and boldly opposing the Rogers-
Nelson-Hammond bill, let it be known that when the
opportunity affords to take a stand on a measure honestly
drawn and honestly put forward for the advancement of
the great cause of temperance and sobriety, THE STANDARD will be the first paper in British Columbia to come
forward and pledge its support, and that without money
and without price.
* * *
The bill which is before thc people at the present time
is called a "prohibition" bill, and yet nearly every clause
in that remarkable document declares in bold type that the
name "prohibition" is used under false pretences.
This bill, while striking a blow at the retailing of liquor
by the glass, openly as at present, and under proper regulation, wipes out completely the present well-organized
system of licensing and gives in its place a hodge-podge of
special privilege to doctors, dentists, .druggists, farriers
and others, which places in the hands of a select few a
monopoly of the liquor traffic in British Columbia, and
the rich profits likely to accrue from such a monopoly.
Any Provincial Legislature, hy recent legislation passed
by the House of Commons under the name of the Doherty
Act, is enabled, upon passing a law, to prohibit the use of
liquor in tbe Province, and therefore, in effect, to prohibit importation of liquor from any other province. But thc pleaders for special privilege, Messrs
Rogers, Nelson, Wood worth, Hammond and others
who are today in control of the prohibition caucus,
took very good care to avoid any reference to
total prohibition, tllc very object which every member of
the People's Prohibition Movement set out to reach when
the Prohibition organization was first set upon its feet
in Vancouver some few months ago, and one of those
members is thc writer of this article.
* * *
That the so-called "prohibition act" is of the rankest
type of class legislation; that its enactment will mean thc
increase of taxation in this Province, with an equal increase in the consumption of liquors, from the sale of
which there shall be no revenue to the state; that men now
employed in the liquor industry will be thrown out of employment, to no good advantage to anyone; that the act
is not such an act as should appeal to a British electorate
that the act is designed in the interests of selfish individuals who hope to benefit from the shutting down of one
branch of the liquor traffic���these are sound arguments
against the measure which fair-minded people should honestly consider.
* * *
If the act which they style the "prohibition" act is en
dorsed by the people, the trade which is likely to benefit
most, should the act go into effect, is the drug business
Enjoying as they do today the right to sell cocaine, laud-
num, opium and other vicious drugs, specifics and cures
of all kinds and the prescriptions and preventatives for
the assistance of the spreading of thc social vice, thc
druggists of British Columbia, if thc act now before the
public goes into force, may buy five gallons of whiskey
or other spirits any time they desire, and as many times a
day as they desire, and offer the same for sale over the
counter with few restrictions.
This will simply mean that where thc average druggist
today keeps a small supply of spirits on hand to supply
thc legitimate demands of invalids and others during the
hours when liquor stores and bars are closed, in the event
of the act passing will install in his store a number of
grcat casks of rum, whiskey, gin, brandy and other liquors,
to ladle the same out by day or by night to women or
girls, men or boys, to all and sundry who happen to come
in armed with a prescription from a doctor.
As an evidence of the manner in which the liquor trade
is being carried forward in Seattle by the druggists, read
the following tabulation made from the records in the Seattle courthouse, and only taken under druggists' permits,
not counting the individual permits or the liquor brought
into the state illegally, and for a few months:
Whiskey���42,601 gallons, or 340,808 pints, or 5,452,920
ounces, which means more than one pint ri
whisky for every man, woman and child in
the city of Seattle.
Brandy���One half ounce for every man, woman and
child.
Gin���One-third ounce.
Wine���One and one-half ounces.
Beer���One bottle for every two and one-haltf persons.
* * *
We can understand the rushing business which would
be done by that Vancouver doctor who appeared recently
before the codrts charged with having pefformed s.ome
criminal operation or other. Any man who would not
hesitate to use the knife in a criminal operation would not
hesitate to issue orders for liquor to anyone willing to
pay him a fee for so doing.
The act means to take it for granted that the medical
profession has a monopoly of all the virtues, and it is
therefore entrusted to the learned doctors to say who shall
or who shall not have a drink. And in addition to this,
a gentle little rider is stuck in to the effect that "govern-
nient vendors may sell physicians half gallons at any one
time," and there is no limit to the number of times in a
day.
* * * |
Just why dentists should also enjoy' a share of the liquor
business is not stated, but the Hon. iir. McGuire, the den
tist who, as Criticus good humoredly points out, "is responsible for endeavoring to force into Miss British Columbia's mouth the false tooth of prohibition," has well
guarded the interests of his brother dentists. They may
have their pint! It is so stated in the act, but it is not
said whether thc pint is for the cheer of the dentist or his
patients." You see thc dentist is only allowed a pint,
because he doesn't know as much as the physician. The
physician has to go to school for a longer period, gets
more knowledge, pays more heavily for it.   And, by way
the 11. C. Hospital run by a foreigner ,who went under
the name of "doctor." Among the doctors who conducted
operations there was a Dr. Blumbcrgcr, recently before
the courts on the charge of conducting an illegal operation on a young woman. This was a private hospital, and
it was one of the vilest dens in llritish Columbia. The
promoters made lots of money out of the place, until it
was finally closed when neighbors raised a protest. Such
a place as the B. C. Hospital, run by doctors with German
names, would come under this part of the act.   The Pro-
MR. RALPH SMITH, FOR TWENTY YEARS A PROMINENT FIGURE IN THE PUBLIC LIFE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA, NOW  BEFORE THE ELECTORATE AS A CANDIDATE IN VANCOUVER
FOR THE PROVINCIAL LEGISLATURE
FEW men have withstood the storms of political life In Canada as has Vancouver's most valiant radical, Mr.
Ralph Smith. Since coining to Nanaimo from the North of England many years ago, Mr. Smith has been an
active figure in politics on this coast. After twenty years, he comes before the people without a mark against
his character. He is an eloquent speaker, a keen debater, a fearless fighter. He is the father of a large family, one
of thc sons being at present at the front. A Liberal of the old school, an Imperialist, an advocate of the rights of
the Canadian producer, Mr. Smith's abilities would have wider scope in the House of Commons. Mr. Smith loves to
do well the thing that lies nearest his hand and so he consented to become a candidate in thc present provincial
contest when pressed by many Liberals, Independents and Conservatives.
of compensation,  the prohibition  people apparently  wish
to give him a bigger share in the liquor monopoly than
the mere dentist.
* * ��
And here is a provision which will appeal to thc sense
of humor of the man who comes in touch with the veterinary surgeons of the country places: "Thc government
may sell veterinary surgeons one gallon of liquor at any
one tine." And there is no limit to thc number of times
the "ioc" may come back in the course of the day to get
his piggin filled.
.Ne can imagine in a place like Ashcroft how popular
Me veterinary of the town would suddenly become under
this prohibition act. The "doc" would be taken into the
best soqicty, would be entertained at all the better homes
and we predict that if prohibition ever comes into effect
with this special clause in the interests of the horse doctors, that the farriers and veterinarians of the country will
become so popular that future legislatures will be full of
them, and the exclusive men's clubs will all be located
above livery barns.
* �� *
Another part of the act says that "Government vendors
may sell alcohol up to ten gallons at any one time for
mechanical or scientific purposes." This clause will open
the way for many a man to get a few gallons of spirits.
Particularly in the back country will this be the case.
The "scientific" use to which the spirits will be put will
be the manufacture of "forty rod whiskey" for the consumption of loggers, railroad laborers and others, and
the boot-legger will flourish as never before. He is flourishing today in British Columbia, and the police do not
seem to be able to stop him. Cut off the competition
which the licensed and restricted sale of liquor affords,
and ten boot-leggers will spring up where there is only
one at present.
* * *
The Government vendors may further sell to any hospital, public or private, liquor up to a quantity allowed by
the provincial police. Does anyone realize what this means?
There was recently in Vancouver an institution known as
HAVEN'T  BROKEN  ANY  LAW  AND THAT  YOU
CAME BY THE LIQUOR LEGALLY.   This is against
all traditions of British fair play.
Two sections of the act run along like this:
40. (1.) The burden of proving the right to have or
keep or sell or give liquor shall be on the person accused of improperly or unlawfully having or keeping
or selling or giving such liquor.
41. If, in the prosecution of any person charged with
committing an offence against any of the provisions of
this Act in selling or keeping for sale or giving or keeping or having or purchasing or receiving of liquor, prima
facie proof is given that such person had in his possession or charge or control any liquor iu respect of or
concerning which he is being prosecuted, then, unless
such person prove that he did not commit the offence
with which he is so charged, he may be convicted accordingly.
* * *
It is the British principle that every man is innocent
until his guilt has been proved. Here is a paltry provincial act which has set all law and precedent aside and seeks
to lay down a new principle for British people, one modeled
along the lines of the edicts which are issued from Potsdam by the mad emperor who thought that he could prohibit neighboring nations from drawing the breath of freedom.
This article is written by as good a prohibitionist as
any man in the inner caucus of the Prohibition Movement,
and by one who, if he takes his prohibition to dinner with
him, does not claim to bc any more holy than his brother
who chums with prohibition in public, proclaims prohibition through the press, but leaves prohibition in the hall
with his umbrella when he enters the portals of thc dining
room.
GEORGE M. MURRAY, Editor.
(Vice-president of the
Richmond Prohibition Association).
vincial Police would bc thc only court to decide whether
ten gallons a day or one gallon should go to keep the
spirits of Dr.  Bamberger's patients alive.
While we do not .suggest that an institution such as
the General Hospital or any other properly conducted
hospital iu liritish Columbia would be likely to allow thc
privilege afforded to be violated, yet there are scores of
little hospitals of a private character, conducted for private gain, which would find this privilege a valuable one
and one which, in the hands of unscrupulous men or women, could be exploited to the limit.
Government vendors may sell to any person liquor for
medicinal purposes.
Certain affidavits, requests and prescriptions are necessary to obtain liquor from a Government vendor. With
reference to its use for medicinal purposes these questions
naturally follow: How much liquor is consumed as a beverage for medicinal purposes? Who is able to draw the
distinction between use as a beverage and use medicinally?
Every drug store in the Province will be able to sell
liquor in any quantity to any person presenting a doctor's
prescription.
Every physician in thc Province will have the right to
issue""pT��scriptions to obtain liquor with this restriction
only, that he deems liquor necessary for the health of his
patient.
Any physician, if he deem liquor necessary for the health
of his patient, may personally deliver the liquor himself
up to a quantity of half a gallon and may have in his possession in his office or in his grip liquor up to such amount.
Any person will be able to purchase in any quantity (a
car load if he wish) and store the same in his dwelling
house and therein consume it or give it to his friends.
Then when every provision is made, such as those given
in this article, to allow a man or a woman of any age to
secure quantities of strong drink, this "prohibition" act
says that if the police break into your dwelling and find
liquor there, YOU HAVE TO PROVE THAT YOU
THE PACIFIC AND GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY
SCANDAL
THE Pacific and Greaf Eastern Scandal furnishes sufficient material to defeat any government. Is it
not surprising that thc press of the Province pays
such little attention to this most important issue?
Involved in this matter arc principles quite as important
and sums of the people's money as large as figured' in
the Pacific Scandal which in its day brought havoc to a
Federal government. Yet the press of the country, with
the exception of the Victoria TIMES and thc STANDARD, utters not one word of protest against the iniquitous transactions which have taken place between
members en the Government and members of thc Pacific
and Grcat Eastern Railway .Company.
There was a time not very many months ago when it
was considered lese majesty in certain quarters if a Liberal made so bold as to tackle the question of aid to the
Pacific and Great Eastern Railway. Since that time Mr.
Brewster has come prominently to the front, and the restrictions governing discussion of this all-important matter have been lessened.
It is well-known that the Brewster writ was issued
largely with the object in view of protecting the people
from the onslaughts upon the treasury of the Pacific and
Grcat Eastern crowd. Liberal newspapers and Liberal
speakers, IF THEY HAVE THE BEST INTERESTS
OF THIS PROVINCE AT HEART, WILL DEMAND
THAT EVERY ITEM OF INFORMATION TOUCHING UPON THE PACIl-rC AND GREAT EASTERN
SCANDAL BE MADE PUBLIC.
Let the leader of the Liberal party have every support
in his fight against the crowd at Victoria.
The Government newspapers may endeavor to spread
the idea that the success of the writ will tie up business
in British Columbia, will tie up the municipalities and
place the country n a bad position with outside moneylenders. Rut let us say that it would bc butter to close
up every municipality in British Columbia tie up all the
business between thc Alberta boundary and the sea, stop
every train and haul thc coals out of cvery furnace rather
than allow any autocracy to force taxation upon the people of this Province.
We regret very much that thc SUN', ostensibly an organ
of Liberalism, does not see its way clear to continue its
excellent work to that point where it might turn in and
thor nighty expose the Pacific and Great Eastern scandal
and extend to Mr. Brewster thc right kind of support in
the stand he is taking in the best interests, as he believes
it. of the people of this Province.
VIRTUE AND VICE IN VANCOUVER
THOUGH  the  newspapers,  particularly  the  WORLD,
keep their columns free from any reference to the
Vancouver underworld, it is a tact that in this city
we have gathered at the present time some of the toughest
and thc lowest characters on the Pacific coast.
While prohibitionists carry on their propaganda against
the bar and in favor of wholesale importation of liquors,
there may be found right on Granville Street not many
minutes from the Vancouver Hotel, dives where liquor is
sold illegally right along, and sold from dens of iniquity.
If the detectives and police officers do not know of
these joints, then they are not smart enough to be paid
the salaries they receive from the ratepayers of this city.
It is suspected that they actually do know that these dives
run night and day, and that they wink the eye and pass
on the other side of the street.
Much virtue is always made by the detectives of an occasional raid on a lot of simple Chinese who gamble in
their apartments in Chinatown. But no effort is made apparently to stop illicit selling of liquor in brothels right
in the heart of the city, many of them almost under the
eaves of the police station.
THE STANDARD is informed on excellent authority
that rooms in many of the rooming houses are occupied
by women and men of the underworld.    If illicit liquo
selling cannot be stopped in these days when the liqu
traffic is licensed, we suggest that when the alleged "F
hibition Act" is introduced there will be a still larger
for the blind pig.
'!"'
I k!l
5   [j
TWO
THE  STANDARD
SATURDAY, AUGUST 26, 1916
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Chinook, circulates In Vancouver and the cities, towns, villages and settlements throughout British Columbia. In
politics the paper Is Independent Liberal.
Publishers The Standard Printers
The Economic Aspect of
Some Political Speeches
What might be said if the truth were told���
,   Mr. Tisdall's fairy tale and Mr. Carter
Cotton's extraordinary belief.
Ask Mr. Bowser for a little of the truth regarding the financial condition of the Pacific Great Eastern Railway.
JL
LADIES AND GENTLEMEN,���You are being asked
to choose between several gentlemen who profess to
represent various parties and who desire to represent
you in the legislature of British Columbia. Some call
themselves Conservatives, others Liberals, others Labor
or Socialist or Independent. Superficially, the tag attached means a grcat deal. In reality, it means very little.
The present government of British Columbia is called Conservative, but its actions, judged by the accomplishments
of the last session, are extremely Radical. They might be
called revolutionary by earnest students of political development. Truth to tell, the best name for the Conservatives would be The Acrobats. They have performed the
most amazing tricks, which under normal circumstances
might have delighted a large and enthusiastic audience of
children, but under the circumstances by which we are
faced, leave a feeling of inexpressible sadness. When we
consider the great events through which we pass almost
as in a dream; when we realise that the whole future of the
world is being hammered into shape on the anvils of Thor,
and contrast with such conditions the deplorable pettiness
of our political rulers, there seems indeed cause for despair. The government in six months has changed its
executive members more times than the British government has had to do in the last eighteen months. Comparatively speaking, the number of different offices filled by
supposedly responsible men would serve to make or unmake a dozen different cabinets. The reason is quite plain.
The people have lost confidence in the government, and
the government has lost confidence in itself. Its appointments are made entirely with an eye to political conditions, They are an effort to dress the government shop
window so as to make it attractive to the electors, without
in any way endangering the authority of the owner of the
shop.
JUDGING BY RECORDS
On the other hand you have a party calling itself Liberal
which for a considerable number of years has had no voice
at all in local legislation.   The Liberals have been crushed
by their past.   Presumably they have learnt the lesson of
humility and have  repented in sackcloth and ashes.   Until
the recent bye-elections not one of the present Liberal
candidates has ever had thc opportunity of showing whether he is really Liberal or merely political.   It is utterly
useless to argue that you prefer the devil you know to thc
angel with whom you have no acquaintance.   It is better
perhaps to give the professed angel a chance than to rely
on the party which has landed you in thc morass   from
which you arc bravely endeavoring to extricate yourself
despite the politicians.   Leaving out of consideration for
the moment the policies of cither the Liberals or the Conservatives, you are at least able to judge one party on its
record.   The government has a record, the Liberals have
none, and under the circumstances you will agree that it
is better to have no record than the, sort of record written
by the government in the last nine months.   I doubt if
ever in the history of any political party there has been
a more shameless betrayal of trust at an extremely critical
period of our history than that of which the government
has been guilty.    Even its most ardent supporters must
surely admit that the opportunities were great and that
the premier utterly failed to grasp them, either by means
of well thought out and responsible legislation or by gathering round him men who ata least could advise him properly on subjects of which he has proved himself entirely
ignorant.
MISSING GREAT OPPORTUNITIES
As long as three years ago it was plain to all who consider the future of this country outside politics, that it would
be absolutely necessary to conserve our assets and as far
as possible refrain from any legislation which would have
tendency to shake the confidence of the financial mar-
in the ability of our people to weather the economic
which even then threatened. A little common
(jpled with a little frankness could have rallied
eople to a sense of their duties towards the
on the opportunity afforded by the war for
\e people to think over the economic condi-
ng the people exactly how they were situa-
? . ��ssed ungrasped. Any statesman wuld have
���*��� ^ \ opportunity with avidiity.   But instead
^ Vn attempt has been made to bolster up
cnly showing the bright side of affairs,
en called "knocking" the country, as
if the very essence of business dealing was not criticism
to which proper reply can be made. But this is one of
the great faults of the petty politician. ' He believes himself endowed with capabilities of which he has never given
any sign, simply because he happens to have been able to
secure the support of a certain portion of the electorate.
If our financial conditions were as healthy as the government spokesmen continually insist, why is it that they
make such frantic efforts to discredit any criticism offered
by their opponents? Any business man is only too willing
to discuss financial conditions with his rivals. But instead,
what sort of spectacle is presented by the premier and his
assistants rushing about the province calling their opponents criticisms "knocking" or "shrieking blue ruin."
MR. TISDALL'S SPEECH
As an instance of this tendency it might be as well to
deal as briefly as possible with a speech recently made
by Mr. C. E. Tisdall, late Minister of Public Works. He
is again a candidate and as such must bc judged on his record. Now Mr. Tisdall is a business man, that is he owns
a successful sporting goods store in Vancouver. Whether
he poses as a financial expert or not, he is generally credited with having a little business sense. Yet Mr. Tisdall
says:
"Telling lies like this derogatory to the financial
standing of the province is just the same as telling lies
to hurt a private business. That the lies are told to
hurt the government is no excuse. This dream about
the huge debt of the province is a sample of the Liberal criticism which will not stand analysing."
Now that is a very fair sample of the sort of argument
used by the supporters of the government. They generalise
and trust that the audience will swallow everything they
say without looking at it. No one desires to tell lies about
the financial standing of the province, but, unfortunately,
the government itself bases every budget it brings in on
one glaring fault which escapes general attention. No one
outside the government, and it is quite possible that no one
except thc executive of the government, actually knows
what the debt of the province is. There is no means of
finding it out from the budget statements which are presented to the people. The reason is one which Mr. Tisdall as a business man must admit is absolutely dishonest.
Would Mr. Tisdall dare conduct his business on a financial
statement at least a year old and make up his estimates
for the coming year without taking into account the business done in the year in which he closes his books? It is
inconceivable that he would do any such thing, yet that
is exactly what the government does, and then asks the
people to believe what it says.
THE YEAR OLD BUDGET
Neither Mr. Tisdall nor any other government supporter
can deny this fact. They excuse it on the ground that the
Dominion budget is made up to March 31, and it is more
convenient to make the Provincial budget coincide with
that of the Dominion, But the Dominion budget is presented in April, while the Provincial budget is presented
in March, and this year thc people can determine how
honest the government has been in its financial dealings
when they recollect that Mr. Lome Campbell made the
budget speech three days before the close of thc financial
year, dealing, as usual, with a budget just a year old. By
waiting two weeks, he might have given the public the
benefit of knowing exactly how the province stood in
1915 to 191.6. What is the use of trying to gull the people
with such petty excuses and childlike lies? That is dishonesty of the worst kind. As a matter of fact, Mr. Tisdall
knows perfectly well that thc per capita debt of thc province is tremendous. Our liabilities are enormous, and our
responsible ministers have lied and are lying when they
try to make out that criticism of this nature is "knocking"
the province. Financial people wish to know what our
assets and liabilities are, and how we propose to pay the
latter and develop the former. There is nothing wrong
in having these liabilities. But the politicians are afraid
of them and hide the truth under an amazing series of
falsehoods. They assert time and again that we have not
any responsibility regarding certain guaranteed bonds,
that the payment of interest will not come on our shoulders.
MR. CARTER COTTON'S STATEMENT
For instance, only the other day at a meeting of the
Harbor Commissioners, such a well-known business man
as Mr. Carter Cotton, president of the board, replying to
a question as to what would be the result if the scheme
of thc commissioners should be unsuccessful and end in
financial failure, said that the commissioners had "to paddle
their own canoe, but whatever might happen not a cent
would have to be defrayed by the taxpayers of Vancouver."
He desired "to make that point clear to prevent misapprehension."
Now how can Mr. Cotton make such a statement and
expect to retain the respect of the business community.
If thc harbor commissioners undertake certain expenditure and float guaranteed bonds to cover that expenditure,
who guarantees those bonds? According to Mr. Cotton's
statement the public might be led to think that Messrs.
Stevens, Cotton, Sam McClay and Fulton were themselves
responsible for the interest and principal on the bonds.
Mr. Cotton speaks exactly as if he were chairman of a
private corporation with which the people had nothing to
do. Presumably he means that if the interest on the bonds
is not earned out of the sources of revenue, the Dominion
government, not the citizens of Vancouver, will have to
pay the interest. But will Mr. Cotton or Mr. Stevens or
Mr. McClay kindly state whether they believe the Dominion government derives its income out of the air. If it derives it from the people, of whom presumably the people
of Vancouver are a portion, how on earth can the people
of Vancouver escape from a share in the liability on any
expenditure made by the harbor" commissioners? If the
Dominion government charges the shipping which comes
into the port with higher dues to meet such a liability, the
people of Vancouver have to pay those dues in one way or
another, either by paying more for the goods brought into
the port or for the handling of the ships.
LIES OR SHEER STUPIDITY
That, however, is a very excellent illustration of the sort
of thing the government supporters endeavor to thrust
down the throats of the people. If instead of pursuing
that method they come forward quite frankly and stated
that the development of the province had cost a very large
sum and that every effort would be made with the cooperation of the people to reduce expenditure and economise, while at the same time developing the assets which
eventually would bring a rich revenue to the province���
would it not be honest? But instead, what happens,? Everything which can give ground for legitimate criticism
is hushed up. The critic is told he is a liar or something
similarly polite. Another excellent example of the sort of
thing which we suffer from in this connection is the banality of which the premier himself has been guilty. . . .
banality is a polite word���in connection with the Pacific-
Great Eastern Railway. That railway is part of our financial responsibility. It is no use pretending it is not or that
someone else is going to shoulder our liability. Yet Mr.
Bowser himself has the audacity to stand up in the house
and tell the people that the contractors to that railway
have invested some nine million dollars in it, and enumerates as part of that nine million dollars something over
$1,0000,900 "loss in sub-contracts." Mr. Bowser knows
that is not true. He knows perfectly well Mr. Pat Welch
has not lost a cent in that manner because he gets an ample
margin between what he lets the sub-contract at and what
he gets thc whole contract at from his own company,
without tendering for it. Yet the people are told that this
"loss in sub-contracts" is part of the money invested by
Mr. Welch in the railway and is part of thc security given
to the province for the further advance of $6,000,000. Now
is that or is it not a lie? If it is not a lie, in the name of
heaven what is it? Mr. Bowser surely is not so stupid as
to believe any such thing.
THAT $250,000 OF PERSONAL SECURITIES
Again you are constantly being told that the Conservative government has come through all inquiries and investigations with a clean sheet. Perhaps it depends on the
definition of a clean sheet. Mr. Bowser over and over
again reiterates that "despite all their investigations, the
Liberals did not find a thing against my government nor
any member of it." Well, ladies, and gentlemen, this
same Mr. Bowser is welcoming Mr. Price Ellison back to
the fold, and presumably intends to make him a minister
if he is returned by the people of thc Okanagan. Yet Mr.
Price Ellison was stupid enough to get caught in what perhaps cannot be stigmatised as a fraud, but might be called
a mean sort of trick. The story does not need re-telling.
In reply, we are informed that Mr. Ellison is a "popular
old fellow" with the farmers up in the Okanagan, and that
he has sufficient following to be nominated. Yet everyone
who knows conditions knows perfectly well that Mr. Ellison was nominated by the political machine. Or again,
when it comes down to honesty, why is it that Mr. Bowser persistently refused an inquiry into the financial conditions of tbe Pacific Great Eastern Railway? There is
perhaps no need at the present moment to go into the
question of his connection with the owners of that railway as tlieir solicitor. Probably tllis alone will serve to
defeat Mr. Bowser at the elections, and at the moment we
are dealing with finance. But it might be as well to ask
Mr. Tisdall or any of the government members what has
become of the $250,000 personal securities given by Messrs.
Foley, Welch and Stewart to thc government in return
for the charter of the Pacific Great Eastern Railway. Has
any member of the government mentioned this? The charter distinctly states that Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart
subscribed $10,000 in cash for the whole stock of the Pacific Great Eastern Railway and deposited with the government $250,000 as security for the fulfilment of thc contract.
This was altogether outside guaranteed bonds. In other
words, for $10,000 Messrs. Foley,, Welch and Stewart secured some $25,000,000 of common stock, some of which
is now being returned to the government as security for a
further loan.
POLITICIANS AVOID ISSUES
Surely, ladies and gentlemen, it is not criticism of this
kind which "knocks" thc province in thc eyes of investors. They welcome this sqrt of criticism, because it shows
that the people of the province are determined to find out
how they are being governed and to insist on good government. The tiling which "knocks" this province more than
anything else is the constant display of petty party politics.
As a rule, speakers on t)ie political platforms avoid thc
problem of prohibition, because they are afraid that if they
support it they will lose the support of those people who
do not believe in it, and if they do not support it they will
lose the church vote or some other section of the vote.
Now surely this is entirely erroneous. Men who are afraid
of stating their convictions on this question are helping
to hide things from the public. There is scarcely a politician who is a whole-hearted supporter of this bill. One
of the independents boldly comes out against it. But to
all the others neutrality proves most attractive. Why?
What are they afraid of? It is all nonsense to imagine
because a man may not bc in favor of this prohibition bill
that he will not make a very good representative in the
legislature. He may know that prohibition has always
failed wherever it has been tried and that there is not a
single European country "which has adopted it. He may
know that while some countries may prohibit absinthe or
even whiskey, just as China prohibits opium, that such prohibition has nothing to do with light wine, beer and such
liquors. He may be convinced that thc Gothenburg system
is infinitely superior to prohibition. Well, why not say
so?   Moreover, the man that has convictions and does not
about sweeping changes in legislation, which is only
brought down for political reasons, he at once says to himself that British Columbia is the sort of community in>
which he would like to do business. The defeat of prohibition means not more drunkenness or more saloons, it
means a great influx of business people who desire to live*
their own lives in their own ways without all sorts of childish restrictions on their liberties.
BAD FOR ONE, BAD FOR ALL
But while the defeat of this particular measure may have
very far reaching influence on our business future, the defeat of the government set up by Mr. Bowser will be still
more of an advertisement. The business community will
understand that behind them, after all, do stand the people
of British Columbia in their attempts to place business on
a proper footing. At present each little interest plays its
own little hand and the politicians endeavor to bribe them
with legislation favorable to special interests. When once
the community recognises that in thc long run what is
bad business for one must be bad business for all we shall
begin to get legislation which is well thought out and which
has been properly discussed by business people. At present everything is rushed through without thc slightest
regard for its effect on the future. The first thing to be
done is to establish a proper basis on which to build and*1t
must be plain to you that if the foundations are rotten,
the building, however pretty it looks at the moment, must
fall. That is why it is so absolutely dishonest to pretend
that our financial situation is excellent and that we are not
burdened with a huge debt. That is why the financial part
of the legislation affecting the Pacific Great Eastern Railway is rotten to the core and why the premier and his
faithful henchmen are saying what is not true when they
affirm that there is proper security and that the contractors
have invested so many millions in the railway. They cannot prove it except by the production of the books, and it
is the production of the books which the government refuses to allow.
The electors have to decide these matters, but it is to be
hoped that as-fa ras the railway is concerned, the electors
will by their vote prove to the premier and his clique that
they cannot be hoodwinked by the sort of legislation passed
at the last session.
���CRITICUS.
���EDITORIAL OPINIONS:
a
DON'T  FORGET
To buy your SCHOOL BOOKS at
THE BOOKSHOP,
G.  S.  FORSYTH  &  CO.
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
take refuge in a milk and water neutrality is the man who
will win the day. Prohibitionists will vote for him because
they respect him, and it will not in the least affect their
legislation, which in any event is already referred to the
people.
FAIRNESS NECESSARY
That is the point these politicians seem to have forgotten. Whatever they choose to say about prohibition can
not make the slightest difference to the bill. As long as
they are fair and as long as they have convictions, the
people will vote for them. After all, there are two sides
to such a problem, and the matter can be fairly argued
from both sides. It is fairness which is so absolutely necessary and it is really fairness on which the people are
about to pronounce judgment. Have the politicians ever
considered the effect the defeat of prohibition will have on
business conditions? It is a well known fact that the constantly shifting sands of legislation all over the United
States, the constant menace of one state making certain
laws against certain industries and another making quite
different laws against the same industries, is bad for business. The business man asks for stability He does not
want to be constantly menaced by the shifting sands of
political fortunes. He wants sanity'and good government.
He is not quite the person usually represented on the platform. He is not a greedy monster trying to gobble up everything within his reach because it has been proved time
.and again that that sort of thing, while it may be temporarily profitable, in the long run Is most unprofitable. But
supposing he sees that in British Columbia, at any rate,
people are not swept away by some passing sentiment,
that they refuse to take advantage of the wa^* to bring
NO RECRUITING OFFICERS ON THE
PATRONAGE COMMITTEE
NE of the features of thc present contest which will
seem ridiculous in the eyes of the world is thc protest of the followers of Mr. Bowser that they are
more loyal and more warlike than the followers of Mr.
Brewster. Bowser newspapers point to several candidates
on the Conservative side who happen to be in khaki as
proof of the loyalty and devotion to empire nf the whole
party.
The NEWS-ADVERTISER violated the Sabbath last
week with a wicked attack upon Mr. J. S. Cowpcr, Liberal
candidate. They unfairly accused Mr. Cowpcr of being
a slacker.
Young Mr. Lucas, himself a vigorous boy, in one fell
speech, placed all the Liberal candidates in with the
slackers.
Now opening such a subject as this can do no large
amount of good. It immediately brings thc searchlight
not only upon the candidates on both sides, but also upon
all their male relatives and supporters.
For instance it brings the local patronage list under
scrutiny. Records of recent appointments show where
young* and able-bodied men have had soft snaps on government work, while returned soldiers were turned down.
We do not wish to prowl in this sordid muck, but if
one is inquisitive he may look into the recent appointments
at the local Post Office and may find there the name of
one, Mr. Duke, a sturdy youth, employed at the money
order department, a nephew of the Mr. Duke who plays
such a part on the Bowser ticket.
So far as THE STANDARD is concerned, we have no
interest in the affairs of the elder Duke or his nephew.
Whether they are under arms or not is none of our business. There may really be good reasons why young Duke
is employed under thc Government, while returned soldiers and men with families arc out of work.
There are other cases where followers of Mr. Bowser
yell loyalty at the top of their voices, while their own
sons remain deaf to call of king and country. If such is
the case, we cannot see where it has any bearing on the
government of this little part of Canada.
The fact that the followers of Mr. Bowser have resorted
to such poor politics leads one to believe that they are desperate, are fighting for their very existence, and that under
very poor and amateurish leadership.
SO THE PEOPLE MAY KNOW
I ET us have an investigation of the transactions be-
JLj tween Mr. Bowser's law office and the Pacific and
Grefct Eastern Railway Company.
Have k thorough investigation of the entire Pacific and
Great Eastern deal from the time that the project was
first mooted.
Turn the searchlight on all correspondence which passed
between Mr. bowser's law office and other law offices in
other Provinces at the time the late Mr. Arnold was applying for the 1 remarkable charter which was illegally
granted the Dominion Trust'Company by Mr. Bowser.
Let the records] of payments made by the Pacific and
Great Eastern 'Railway Company to campaign funds, party
newspapers and politicians be fully published.
Let us publish in all the newspapers the list of companies having dealings with the government which haive-
as shareholders Mr. Bowser and his relatives and friends.
If such material as here referred to were published
broadcast over this Province, the electors would surely
"carry on." Their j "carrying on" would include among*
other things the removal of Mr. Bowser from public office, the defeat of his government and the return to office
of competent, sane, honest men. SATURDAY, AUGUST 26, 1916
THE STANDARD
THUS
Mrs. J. E. Appleby, Esquimalt, entertained a number of friends at the
tea last week in honor of her sister,
Mrs. W. H. Gillen, who is visiting her
from Vancouver.
* * *
Mrs. A. H. Sovereign of Kitsilano,
has returned home from Vernon,
where she has been visiting her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Price Ellison, since
the early part of the summer.
Their Royal Highnesses teh Duke
and Duchess of Connaught were tendered a reception by the civic authorities at Quebec on Thursday.
Capt. Rene Redmond of Montreal,
son-in-law of Baron Shaughnessy and
grandson of Madame Martin of this
city, has arrived home from the front
on leave and has joined his family at
St. Andrews.
* * *
Among the students who will enter
the Normal School here at the beginning of the fallterm are Miss E. Newton, Miss A. Stanton and Miss Hazel
Pitts, all of Rossland.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. R. D. Gray of North
Lonsdale have been on a visit to Victoria.
* * *
Miss Winnie Cameron has gone to
Clo-oose, on the west coast of Vancouver Island, to stay for a few weeks.
The engagement is announced of
the Hon. Doris Clare Kitson, third
daughter of Lord Airedale and of
Lady Airedale, Gledhow Hall, Leeds,
and 3 Cadogan Square, London, to
Lieut. Jack McNaughton, 42nd Canadian Highlanders, elder son of the
Rev. G. F. A. McNaughton, Cars-
phairn, Galloway, Scotland.
Mr and Mrs. Sidney Burgoyne and
Miss Nora Bourgoyne have been spending a couple of weeks at Foul Bay,
Victoria.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Hall and their
family have taken a cotage for a
month at Crescent Beach.
* * *
Miss Gardner principal of Albert
College, Belleville,, Ont, is the guest
of Mrs. W. Fitz Osborne 3549 Fifteenth avenue west.
* * *
The Earl of Cottenham was married in St George's church, Hanover
Square, last week to Miss Patricia
Burke, daughter of the late J. H,
Burke of California. Mr. Walter
Winans gave the bride away and Viscount Crowhurst, eldest son of
the earl, acted as best man. The Earl
of Cottenham's first wife was Lady
Rose Nevill.   She died in 1913.
* * *
Friends of Miss Paul, superintendent of the City Creche, are sorry to
hear of her serious illness.
* * *
Mrs. W. K. Johnstone, 1748 Twenty-third* avenue cast, announces the
engagement of her daughter, Mary
Marguerite, to Mr. F. E. Robertson,
manager of the Royal Bank of Canada, Dryden, Ontario, eldest son of
Rev. and Mrs. F. Robertson, of Ux-
bridge, Ontario. The marriage will
take place in Winnipeg on September -2.
* * *
Sir George H. Perley was the guest
of the Ottawa Canadian Club at luncheon at the Chateau Laurier on Friday and delivered an address on Britain in War Time.
* * *
Mrs. Alex. Gartshore with her two
children, Isobel and Hendrie is spending a short holiday at Savary Island.
Hon. Martin and Mrs. Burrell left
Ottawa on Saturday for their home in
Grand Forks.
* * *
The marriage of Miss Blanche Preston, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Charles
Preston, to Mr. Arthur Fitzpatrick,
son of Sir Charles and Lady Fitzpatrick, will be quietly solemnized in
Quebec in September.
Miss Eileen Harman, 3718 Ontario
street, is visiting her uncle, Mayor
Nicholls, at Mount Vernon, Wash.
Vancouver people who have been
recent visitors at Qualicum Beach
include Mr. and Mrs. A. H. McNeill,
Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Mackenzie, Mr
L. W. Peel, Mr. J. C. Dietrich, Mr J.
F. Belyea, Mr W. H. L. McLeod, Mr
C. Longhurst, Mr and Mrs Ernest
Whitaker, Mr A. J. Kayll, Mr P. G.
Shallcross, Mr W. McNeill, Mr G. D.
McWilliams, Mr and Mrs A. E. Hepburn, Miss Jean Hepburn, Mr and
Mrs J. E. Rowland, Mr and Mrs
Ilargraves, Mr and Mrs Herbert
Drummon, Mr and Mrs S. C. Hill,
Mr and Mrs F. Weaver, Mrs G.
Allen, Mr W. E. Davidson, Mr D. F.
Dickson, Mrs M. J. C. Andrews, Mrs
M. D. Rector, Mr and Mrs W. Hogg,
Mrs H. E. Ridley, Mr W. C. Young,
Mr R. S. Sweeting, Mr W. E. Drake,
Mr T. E. Johnson, Mr G. D. Ford,
Mr P. T. Wood and Mrs Wood, Mrs
D. Donaghy, Mr and Mrs C. R.
Drayton, Mrs Mackenzie, Mr II. W.
Brown, Mrs R. J. Cromie.
Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Bethune,
3019 Point Grey road, announce the
engagement of their niece, Miss Alice
Bethune, to Mr. J. S. Walker of this
city. The wedding will take place in
September.
<-
Special Bargains for Shoppers
at This Store
���Lines that can be depended upon to give good service and satisfaction.
buyers will anticipate their future wants and purchase liberally.
Wise
Plain and Fancy White Cotton Voiles,
Specially Priced, 25c
40 inches width fine sheer white voiles, also dainty
lace effect voiles and fine white Hair-line Cord
Voiles, cool and pretty for summer Dresses and useful later on for party wear. Specially low priced,
per yard    25c
Pure Wool Blanket Cloths
54 inch wide in Cream, Scarlet, Cardinal, and Navy
Blue.   Worth today $2.25.   Our Special price, $1.95
Useful Dress Goods for Children's and
Girls' Wear at 69c
Palin Color Satin Face Fabric, wilh self-color stripe,
splendid wearing materials in such good useful Fall
colors as Brown, Navy, Green, Purple, Belgian,
Black and Grey. Great value at Special price, per
yard    69c
The September Butterick Fashions
are in
The new Butterick Embroidery are specially attractive this issue; many new and pretty ideas contained
in these pages.   Per copy , 10c
These Black Silk  Values  will  create
enthusiasm for Week-end Shoppers
Fine Quality Pure Silk Black Pailette, 36 inches
wide.   Per yard 89c
Black Satin Mousseline, 36 inches wide, worth $1.35.
Special, per yard $1.19
Black  Paillette  Silk,  a  splendid  wearing  quality;
regular $1.35 per yard.   Special  ....$1.16
Heavy Quality Duchess Mousseline Satin, 36 inches
wide.   Regular $1.65.   Special, per yard  $1.39
Colored Edge Black Satin Duchess, 36 inches wide.
Regular $1.75 per yard.    Special $1.39
French Taffeta Silk; a splendid quality; 39 inches
wide.   Regular $1.95.   Special, per yard .., $1.50
They are ''the Hudsons Bay Company Standard
Qualities���at these special prices they are well worth
seeing.
Southern California Flower Beads
Sale Priced
A big variety to choose from in colors of Pink, Blue,
Yellow, Green, Rose, Mauve, Violet, Cream and
Black.
Regular 25c for 19c
Regular 35c for   25c
Regular  45e  for    35c
Regular 50c for   38c
Regular $1.50 for    75c
���Jewellery Section, Main Floor
Fibre Silk Boot Hose
���Black only.    Values up to 50c a pair.   A Friday
Bargain at   v 25c
Being slightly imperfect'they are thrown out by
the manufacturers as seconds. They have good
wearing qualities, and for an inexpensive hose are
recommended.   Buy now for wear later. Per pair, 25c
Handbag Bargain
Made of fine Suede in a variety of colors, including
Black, Grey, Blue, Tan and Green, and are finished
with a light metal frame; about 75 to choose from.
Bought as a special to sell at a special.   Each..49c
���Main Floor
Clean up of Sunshades.   Values to
$4.00 for $1.95
Left over from this season's selling, some of the
pretty shades are among this lot including Black
and White, Alice Blue, Green, Pink, Purple, Tussore,
with novelty borders, light and dark, straight and
crooked handles. Gilt and dark Palin and Pagoda
frames. Good values at their regular pricing.
Special at $1.95
Ribbon Bargains
Hundreds of yards in Satins and Taffetas, varying in
widths from 1 inch to 4 inches, and in such popular
shades as White, Sky, Pink, Navy, Brown, Grey,
Lavender, Gold, Scarlet, Rose, Saxe Greens, Purple
and black.    The prices should create brisk selling.
Regular 20c value for  17c
Regular 15c value for  12J^c
Regular 25c value for 19c
Regular 10c value for  llAc
MPf Iiudsons Bay (Tompnm)
Mrs. B. D. Gillies and Mrs. Stuart
Livingston have undertaken the task
of collecting a library for the Returned Soldiers' Club and are sending
out an appeal for donations of books.
Popular novels are desired. Books
of this class when they have been
once read are of no further use to
the owners and there must be many
people in Vancouver who have numbers of such volumnes which they will
bc glad to place in a library where
they will be so much used. Donations may be left at Evans' Music
Store, 526 Hastings Street, or Edwards' Art Store, 623 Granville St.,
or parcels will be sent for if donors
will notify Mrs. Gillies or Mrs. Livingston.
* * *
Dr. and Mrs. Norman Telford, with
tlieir children, have returned from
their camp at Boundary Bay and
have as their house guest, Mrs. C. W.
Atkin and her daughter, of Yorkton,
Sask.
* * ��
Mrs. J. Scott-Wallace of Nelson is
visiting thc coast and is the guest of
Mrs. Alex. J. Stephen of Mission
City.
* * *
Mrs. A. Jackson, wife of the mayor
of Merritt, B. C, accompanied by her
little son, Ronald, and Miss Constance Batten, is visiting Mrs. F. W.
Hake at Kitsilano.
* * *
Mrs. W. S. Morehouse and Miss
Morrell, Yew Street, have returned
from a trip to Skagway.
* * *
Miss Reta M. Menzies, daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. J. V. Menzies, will leave
this week for Kamloops to take
charge of the Edith Lake School for
the ensuing year.
* tf *
The following Canadians have registered at the office of the Canadian
Commissioner in London: Mr. James
Hunter, Dr. C. D. and Mrs. Holmes,
Mr. R. Ross and Mrs. Sutherland of
Victoria; Capt. M. A. Nickle, Wey-
burn; Captain I. W. Sutherland, Saskatoon; Captain J. H. and Mrs. White,
Lieutenant J. II. Thompson, Moose
Jaw; Lieut, and Mrs. A. M. Warner,
Mr. E. R. Scott, Major W. H. Mood-
ie, Sub-Lieut. B. C. McLean, Sub-
Lieut. 11. S. Leckie, of Vancouver;
Mrs. Vivian J. Cummings of Victoria.
* * *
The Rev. G. D. Ireland officiated at
a very pretty wedding last week at
the home of the bride's mother, Mrs.
Mary Wilkie, 1035 Kingsway, when
her eldest daughter, Edna Alfreda,
became the wife of Mr. John R.
Jones, second son of the late D. A.
Jones and Mrs. Jones of Tcstiniog,
North Wales. The bride wore a
smart tailored suit of grey broadcloth and carried a bouquet of cream
roses and white carnations, and was
attended by her sister, Miss Jean Wilkie, who wore a dress of cream cashmere and carried a bouquet of pink
carnations. The groom was supported by Sergt. Alex. B. Cox of the
131st Battalion C. E. F��� Vernon.
While thc register was being signed
Mendelssohn's Wedding March was
played by Miss Madge Anderson. On
ly thc immediate friends of the bride
and groom were present. After a
buffet supper was served the couple
left amid a shower of rice and good
wishes for a short honeymoon to the
Sound cities. On their return they
will reside at Suite 1, Chelsworth Apartments, 1607 Yew street, Kitsilano.
* * *
A wedding was solemnized at thc
Metropolitan Methodist Church in
Victoria last week, when Miss Elizabeth L. Baker, daughter of the Rev.
H. R. Baker of Victoria was married
to thc Rev. John R. Butler, Methodist
minister of Mission City. The bride
was attended by her sister, Miss Grace
Baker, as bridesmaid, and Miss Jean
Harvey, as maid of honor. Little Miss
Marjorie Bell, daughter of Alderman
Bell, acted as flower girl. The bridegroom was supported by thc Rev. R.
R. Morrison of Vancouver. The bride
was given away by her brother, Mr.
R. S. Baker, the ceremony being performed by the Rev. H. Osborne, assisted by the brother of the bride.
The couple left for a honeymoon trip
to the South.
* *-*
Miss Eleanor Hatcher, who has
been deaconess for the West End of
Montreal, will leave that city this
week for Vancouver to  take up her
residence here.
* * *
Mr. F. W. Heathcote of the Canadian Bank of Commerce at Salmon
Arm, accompanied by Mrs. Heathcote,
is spending a vacation at the coast,
Mr. S. K. Campbell of Kamloops is in
charge of the bank at Salmon Arm
during Mr. Heathcote's absence.
*'" "   ~" * * *
Mr. and Mrs. John J. Conklin and
children of Winnipeg have been at the
Vancouver Hotel, on the way to Seattle to spend a short holiday. Mr.
Conklin is a member of the editorial
staff of the Winnipeg Free Press.
LIMITED
Store opens at 8.30 a.m. and closes at 6 p.m.
Let Us Show You the
"Frolaset" Corsets
���They Are Front-Laced
THE WELL-DRESSED woman ever keeps in mind two
things when selecting her corset. Her first thought of its
smartness, and secondly, its comfort. Thc Frolaset very
ably affords these essentials. There is a Frolaset Corset for
every type of figure and for every purpose. The range of styles
provides ample scope for satisfactory selection. If you arc one
of the many who are interested in corsets of superior merit,
make it a point to inspect the Frolaset models. Our experienced
corsctiercs will show a suitable style and will gladly give you
a trial fitting.
The prices are from $3.25 to $15.00 a pair.
575 GRANVILLE STREET
Telephone Seymour 3540
"Maggie," said the inexperienced
young thing to the cook, "the biscuits
were a sight. If you can't do better
next time I will have to discharge
you.
"Ye will, will ye? I'll have ye know,
mum, that I've been workin' out for
two years, an' I've worked for eighty-
nine av the best families iu town, an'
I ain't ever been discharged yet. I'm
1'avin'   this  afthernoon  for  a  better
place."
* * *
"Professor, I want to take up international law. What course of study
would you recommend?" "Constant
target practice."
* * *
"It's a pathetic story."
"Yes."
"He used to be a traffic cop."
"Go on."
"His job was taken away by a
semaphore."
* �� *
A Barncgat schoolma'am had been
telling her pupils something about
George Washington, and finally she
asked:
"Can anyone now tell me which
Washington was���a great general or a
great   admiral?"
The small son of a fisherman raised
his hand, and she signalled him to
speak.
"He was a great general," said the
boy. "I seen a picture of him crossing the Delaware, and no great admiral would put out from shore standing
up in a skiff."
�� * *
"Why is it we don't hear any more
complaints about defective life-preservers on ships?" "Nobody has time
to put them on."
The repartee of the conductorette
may not be so full-blooded as that of
her male counterpart, but its rapier-
like qualities are decidedly more effective.
"'Alloa, Ethel I" shouted a jovial
carman to one of the fare ladies one
chilly mo-rning, recently. "Feeling
cold, dear? Why don't cher turn yer
collar up like me?"
"Well, you see," sweetly replied the
girl, "I've, got a clean neck."
/
Ethel���Has (Torn proposed yet,
Maud?
Maud���No,  not  exactly.
Ethel���Not exactly I What do you
mean?
Maud���Well, you know, he always
used to knock when he came to our
house to 'isit me. Well, last night
he came with a ring.
* * *
Jones's opinion of himself as a golfer was very much greater than his
skill warranted.
Recently he was invited to play on
a certain famous Scottish ground, as
a visitor. Armed to the teeth with
clubs of all sorts and sizes, he set
off and, followed by a caddie, proceeded to play.
He buried his ball in cvery bunker, gully and bit of landscape, and
muttered naughtily. Alter half an
hour of it, he turned to his silent
caddie.
"Really," he murmured ingratiatingly, "this is the most difficult course
I have ever played on.
"Hoo did ye ken?" replied the lad
in   scorn.    "Ye  hevna  played  on   it
yet?"
* * *
Magistrate (sternly)���"Didn't I tell
you the last time you were here I
never wanted you to come before me
again?"
Prisoner���"Yes, sir; but I couldn't
make the policeman believe it."
* * *
First Actor: "They say there is as
much strength in three eggs as in a
pound of meat."
Second Actor: "Yes; that's the way
eggs have always struck me!"
* * *
Sergeant���What religion?
Bill���Nuthin'.
Sergeant���I must put down something.
Bill���Righto! Put the dahn heathen!
* * *
"Does your wife know how to keep
house?" "You bet! She prevented
me from mortgaging ours to buy an
automobile."
Mrs. J. C. Shields has been in Victoria spending a few days with Mrs.
W. J. Roper at Oak Bay.
The Big Men of today are the men
who prepared themselves yesterday.
Prepare for tomorrow by securing a
special commercial training at the
Success Business College,
Ave. and Main St, Vancouver.
e, cor.  lOthj
couver.       I FOUR
THE STANDARD
i
TALES OF THE TRADE
In the Sea of Marmora���An Exciting   Cutting - Out   Adventui
Ravages and Repairs���How E14 Escaped from the Nets
By Mr. Rudyard Kipling
Before we pick up the further adventures of H.M. submarine E14 and
her partner, Ell,    here is what you
might call   a cutting-out affair in the
Sea of Marmora which E12 (Lieutenant-Commander  K.   M.   Bruce)     put
through quite on the old lines.    Her
main-motors  gave  trouble  from   the
first, and she  seems to have  been  a
cripple  for  most  of that  trip.    She
sighted two small steamers, one towing two, and the other three, sailing
vessels,  making   seven  keels   in   all.
She stopped the first steamer, noticed
she carried a lot of stores, and, moreover tliat her crew���she had no boats
���were all on deck in lifebelts.    Not
seeing any gun, E12 ran up alongside
and told the first-lieutenant to board.
The  steamer then threw a bomb at
E12, which struck, but luckily did not
explode, and opened fire on the boarding party with rifles and a concealed
one-inch gun.   E12 answered with her
six-pounder and also with rifles. The
two sailing ships in tow, very properly, tried to foul E12's propellors, and
also opened fire with rifles."
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1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
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CANADIAN
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June 1 to September
30, 1916.
Return limit Miree
months, not to exceed
October 31.
For full
particulars apply
to any
C. P. R.
Agent
It was so orientally mixed a fight
as. a man could wish���thc first lieutenant and Ihe boarding party engaged on  thc  steamer,  E12 foul of the
steamer, and being fouled by thc sailing ships;  tht  six-pounder methodically perforating   the   steamer   from
bow to stern; the steamer's one-inch
and the rifles from thc sailing ships
raking    everything    and    everybody
else; E12's coxswain on the conning-
towcr passing up ammunition, the E
I2's one workable motor developing
"slight defects" at, of course, thc moment when power to manoeuvre was
vital.    The account is almost as difficult to disentangle as the actual mess
must have been.   At any rate, the six-
pounder caused an  explosion  in  the
steamer's   ammunition,   whereby   the
steamer sank in a quarter of an hour,
giving time���and a hot time it must
have been���for  E12 to get clear of
her and to sink the two sailing ships.
She then chased the second steamer,
who slipped her three tows and ran
for the shore.   E12 knocked her about
a good deal with gun-fire as she fled,
saw her drive on the beach well a-
light, and then, since the beach opened fire with a gun of 1,500 yards, went
away to retinker her motors and write
up her log.   She approved of her first
lieutenant's   behaviour   "under    very
trying circumstances" (this probably
refers to the explosion of the ammunition by the six-pounder, which doubtless jarred the boarding party)  and
of the cox., wJk> acted as ammunition-hoist; and of the gun's crew, who
"all did very well" under rifle  and
small gun fire "at a range of about
ten yards."   But she never says what
she really said about her motors.
A Busy Midsummer for E14
Now we will take E14 on various
work, either alone, or as flagship of
a squadron composed of herself and
Lieutenant - Commander    Nasmith's
boat, Ell.   Hers was a busy midsummer, and she came to be intimate with
all sort of craft���such as the two-funnelled gunboat off Sar Kloi who "fired
at us and missed as usual"; hospital
ships going back and forth unmolested  to  Constantinople,  "the  gunboat
which fired at me on  Sunday," and
other old friends, afloat and ashore.
When the crew of the Turkish brig-
antine, full of stores, got into their
boats by request and then "all stood
up and cursed us," E14 did not lose
her temper, even though it was too
rough to lie alongside the abandoned
ship.    She told Acting-Lieutenant R.
W. Lawrence, of the Royal Naval Reserve, to swim off to her, which he
did, and after a "cursory search"���
who can  be expected    to    Sherlock
Holmes for hours with nothing on?���
set fire to her "with the aid of her
own matches and paraffin oil."
Then E14 had a brawl with a steamer with a yellow funnel, blue top, and
black band, lying at a pier among
dhows. The shore took a hand in the
game with small guns and rifles, and,
as E14 manoeuvred about the roadstead "as requisite," there was a sudden unaccountable explosion which
strained her very badly. "I think,"
she muses, "I must have caught the
moorings of a mine with my tail as I
was turning, and exploded it. It is
possible that it might have been a big
shell bursting over us, but I think
this unlikely as we were thirty feet
below at thc time."
She is always a philosophical boat,
anxious to arrive at the reason of
facts and when the game is against
her she admits it freely.
Tliere was a nondescript craft of a
few hundred tons, who "at a distance
did not look very warlike," but when
chased suddenly played a couple of six
pounders  and   "got  off  two    dozen
rounds at us before we were under.
Some of them were only about twenty yards off." And when a wily steamer after sidling along the shore lay
, up in front of a town she became "in-
| distinguishable from the houses," and
so was safe because we do not lowe-
strafe open towns.   Sailing dhows full
of grain had to be destroyed.   At one
rendezvous while waiting for Ell, E
14 dealt with three such cases, and
then  "towed  the  crews  inshore and
gave them biscuits, beef, and rum and
j water, as they were rather wet."
Passenger steamers were allowed to
proceed because they were "full of
people of both sexes," which is an un-
kultured way of doing business.
Here is another instance of our insular type of mind. An empty dhow
is passed which E14 was going to
leave alone, but it occurs to her that
the boat looks "rather deserted," arid
she fancies she sees two heads in the
water. So she goes back half a mile,,
picks up a couple of badly exhausted'
I
men, frightened out of their wits, gives
them food and drink and puts them
aboard  their  property.     Crews   that
jump overboard have to be picked up
even if, as happened in one case, there
are twenty of them and one of them
is a German bank manager taking a
quantity of money    to    the Chanak
Bank.    Hospital  ships  are  carefully
looked over as they come and go, and
are left to their own devices, but they
are  rather a  nuisance  because  they
force E14 and others to dive for them
when engaged in stalking warrantable
game.   There were a good many hospital ships, and as far as wc can make
out they all played fair.    Ell boarded
one  and  "reported  everything  satisfactory."
A layman cannot tell from the reports  which  of  the  duties  demanded
the most work���whether the continuous clearing out of transports, dhows
and   failing   ships,   generally   found-
close  to  the  well-gunned  and  attentive beach, or the equally continuous
attacks on armed  vessels    of    every
kind.    Whatever else might be going
on, there was always the problem how
to arrange for thc crews of sunk ships.
If a dhow has no small boats, and you
cannot find one handy, you have to
take the crew aboard, where they are
horribly in the way and add to the
oppressiveness of the atmosphere ���
like "the  nine people, including two
very old men," whom E14 made honorary members of her mess for several   hours   til   she   could   put   them
ashore after dark.    Oddly enough she
"could not get anything out of them."
Imagine   nine   bewildered     Moslems
suddenly   decanted   into   the   reeking
clamorous bowels of a fabric, obviously'built by Shaitan himself, and surrounded by���but our people are people of the book and not dog-eating
Kaffirs, and I will wager a great deal
that that little company went ashore
in better heart and stomach than when
they were passed down the conning-
tower hatch.
Queer Amphibious Battles
Then there were queer amphibious
battles  with  troops  who  had  to  be
shelled as they marched towards Gal-
lipoli along the coast roads.   E14 went
out with EH on this job early one
morning, each boat taking her chosen
section of landscape.   Thrice E14 rose
to fire, thinking she saw the dust of
feet, but "each time it turned out to be
bullocks."   When the shelling was ended, "I think the troops marching a-
long that road must have been  delayed and a good many killed."   The
Turks got up a field-gun in the course
of the afternoon���your true believer
never hurries���which outranged both
boats, and they left accordingly. But
one  cannot  rejoice  over    dead  Mohammedans���unless they are Arabs���
and I have never met anyone in the
Trade  who  did.    The  next day  she
changed billets with Ell, who had the
luck to pick up and'let down a battleship close to Gallipoli.   It turned out
to be the Barbarossa.   Meantime E14
got a 5,000 ton supply ship, and later
had to burn a sailing ship loaded with
two  hundred  bales   of  leaf  and  cut
tobacco ��� Turkish   tobacco.      Small
wonder that Ell "came alongside that
afternoon and remained for an hour"
���probably making cigarettes.
Then E14 went back to her base.
She had  a hellish  time among    the
Dardanelles nets; was, of course, fired
at by the forts, just missed a torpedo
from the beach, scraped a mine, and
when  she   had  time   to    investigate
found    electric    mine-wires    twisted
round her propellors, and all her hull
scraped   and   torn   with   wire-marks.
But that again was only in the day's
work.    The point she  insisted upon,
was that she had been  for seventy
days in the Sea of Marmora with no
securer base for refit than the centre
of the same; and during all that while
she  had   not  had  "any  engine-room
defect which has not been put right
by the engine-room staff of the boat."
The Commander and the third officer
went sick for a while; the first-lieutenant got gastric-enteritis and  was
in bed  (if you could see  that bed!)
"for the remainder of our stay in the
Sea of Marmora,"' but "this boat lias
never been out of running order." The
credit is ascribed to "the excellence of
my chief  engine-room  artificer,  Jas.
Hollier Hague O.N. 227715," whose
name is duly submitted to thc authorities "for your consideration for advancement to the rank of warrant officer."
Seventy days of every conceivable
sort of risk, within and without, in a
boat which is all engine-room, except
whtre she is sick-bay;  twelve thousand miles covered since last overhaul,
and "never out of running order"���
thanks to  Mr.  Hague.    Such  artists
as he are the kind of engine-room artificers that commanders intrigue to
get hold of each for his own boat���
and when  the  tales are told in  the
Trade,   their  names,   like   Abou   ben
Adham's, lead all the rest.   I do not
know the exact line of demarcation
between engine-room and gunnery repairs, but  I  imagine  it  is  faint and
fluid..   Ell,  for  example,  while  she
was helping E14 to shell a beached
steamer, smashed half her gun-mount-
SATURDAY, AUGUST 26, 1916
The Approval of the B. C. Prohibition Act
by the Electors of British Columbia
Is Not for the Best Interests of the Province
NOTE.���The reader should remember that the vote is to be taken not on the question of "Prohibition,"
but the question of the adoption or rejection o f the B. C. Prohibition Act.
An Examination of the Act will show:-
IT DOES
NOT
PROHIBIT
Sec. 57 provides for the unlimited, unrestricted and unregulated importation of liquor from any point outside of tlie province.
This means that just as much liquor may be purchased as is now
the case, providing the money is sent outside of British Columbia.
This clause provides for just as much expenditure for liquor,
all of which may be consumed in the province, as is now the case.
IT DOES
NOT
RESTRICT
The clause allowing the importation of liquor places absol-
��� utely no limit on the amount of liquor which may be ordered at
one time or tiie frequency with which the orders may be placed.
In every case where Prohibition laws provide for importation,
it has been found that the legislation ends in a decreased consumption of beer and malt beverages and an increase in the amount of
whisky and spirits used.
IT DOES
NOT
REGULATE
\ The Act simply transfers the sale of liquor from the present
strictly regulated licensed premises to other channels. Within
the province, drug stores, physicians, etc., will carry on the business under very wide open regulations and, from without the
province, unrestricted importation is allowed.
This means that the Province would destroy all its present
wide powers of regulating the liquor trade by means of license
regulation and control and substitute therefor a system of absolutely unregulated and uncontrolled traffic in liquor.
Every Reader of "The Standard" should read this Act for himself and understand
the provisions of the bill.
Copies of the Act (complete text) may be obtained on application to the Merchants' Protective Association, Room 24, Canada Life Building (Phone Seymour 1181).
ing, "the gun-layer being thrown overboard and the gun nearly following
him." However, the mischief was
repaired in the next twenty-four hours
which, considering the very limited
deck of a submarine, means that all
hands must have been moderately
busy. One hopes that they had not
to dive often during the job.
E2's Adventure in the Dardanelles
But worse is to come.    E2 (Commander D. Stocks) carried an externally mounted gun which, while she
vvas   diving  up   the   Dardanelles   on
business,  got hung up  iu  the  wires
and stays of a net.    She saw them
through the conning-tower scuttles at
a depth of eighty feet���one wire hawser round the gun, another rouncT the
conning-tower, and so on.   There was
a  continuous  crackling of small explosions overhead which she thought
were   charges   aimed   by  the   guard-
boats who watch the nets.    She considered  her position    for    a    while,
backed, got up speed, barged ahead,
and  shore  through   the  whole  affair
in one wild surge,    Imagine thc roof
of a  navigable  cottage  after  it  has
snapped telegraph lines with its chimney, and you will get a small idea of
what happens to the hull of a submarine   when   she   uses   her   gun   to
break wire hawsers with.    E2 was a
wet, strained, and uncomfortable boat
for thc rest of her cruise. ' She sank
steamers, burned dhows, was worried
by torpedo boats, and hunted by Hun
planes,   hit   bottom  (freely   and   frequently;  silenced  forts  that  fired at
her from lonely beaches, warned villages who might have joined in the
game  that they  had  better  keep  to
farming;   shelled   railway   lines    and
stations;  would  have  shelled  a  pier
but found there was a hospital built
at one end of it, "so could not bombard;"   came  upon  dhows    crowded
with   "female   refugees"   which     she
"allowed  to proceed," and was presented  with  fowls  in    return;    but,
through it all, her chief preoccupation
was that racked and strained gun and
mounting.
Whe'n there was nothing else doing
she reports sourly that she "worked
on  gun."    As a philosopher  of the
lower deck put it���" 'Tisn't what you
blanky do that matters, it's what you
blanky have to do."   In.other words,
worry, not work, kills.   E2's gun did
its  best  to knock  the heart  out of.
them all. She had to shift the wretched |
thing twice; once because the bolts
that held it down were smashed (the
wire  hawser must  have  pretty well
pulled it off its seat), and again be-
^IssssssHsssssssa (
cause the hull beneath it leaked on
pressure.   But she drilled'and tapped
and adjusted, till in a short time the
gun worked again and killed steamers  as  it  should.      Meanwhile    the
whole boat leaked.   All the plates under thc old gun position forward leaked; she leaked aft through damaged
hydroplane guards, and on  her way
home   they  had   to  keep   the   water
own  by hand pumps while  she  was
diving through the net*.    Where she
did not leak outside she leaked internally, tank leading into tank, so that
the petrol got into the main fresh water supply and the men had to be put
on   allowance.    The   last  pint     was
served out when she was in the narrowest part of the Narrows, a place
where one's mouth may well go dry
of a sudden.
Here for a moment thc records end.
I have been at some pains not to pick
and choose among them.   So far from J
doctoring or heightening any of the
incidents,  I  have rather understated
them; but I hope I have made it clear
that through all the haste and fury
of these multiplied actions, when life
and death and destruction turned on
thc twitch of a finger, not one life of
any non-combatant was wittingly taken.   They were carefully picked up
or picked out, taken below, transferred to boats, and despatched or personally conducted in the intervals of
business,   to   the    safe    unexploding-
beach.     Sometimes   they   part   from
their chaperones "with many expressions  of good  will," at others  they
seem greatly relieved and rather surprised at  not being knocked on  the
head after thc custom of their allies.
Hut tlic boats with a hundred things
on  their minds no more take credit
for their humanity than tlieir commanders explain the feats for which they
won  their  respective decorations.
HOW DO YOU
BUY BREAD?
Do you ask for, and get, just a "loaf of bread," or do
you, like the wise, discriminating buyers, order
SMAX and
SUNUGHT
"THE   BETTER   BREADS"
These are wholesome, nutritious-^nade in a modern
sanitary bakery-in every detail as good bread a
conscientious effort can make them.
Every loaf crisp, tender, delicious-done to a turn.
If your grocer cannot supply you, phone tfairmont
443 and we'll get it to you prompt.
HAMPTON-PINCHIN
Bakers of Better Bread
-J SATURDAY, AUGUST 26, 1916
THE STANDARD
FIVE
rrom Pine to Palm
Compiled from Diary by
Stephen  Golder
Maker of Trip.���Wilson T. Dougan,
often called "Will" or "Spunt."
Described as tall, slim, unasniniing,
cheerful, adventuresome, energetic,
A Canadian, and a Vancouveritc in
political persuasion, /. University
student, accustomed to travel (three
summers through Canada and U. S.);
aged 24.
Equipment--Trousers suitable for
riding, past their prime. Silken shirt
and canvas shoe.;. .Neither two coats
nor two staves. Paint ad. cap. A bicycle made in V-.imouver hy Fred.
Deeley, and worthy to bear his name.
Shiny as a new motor and bearing
as many levers. Able to climb telephone poles on low gear, and likely
to exceed the speed limits on the high
gear. Equipped with carrier and cyclometer. Attached to this a nondescript satchel with change of laiment.
A kodak.
Left Vancouver.���At hour of noon
June 30, from the family residence.
Departure witnessed by the crowd of
pater, mater, kiddies and a friend.
Accompanied through suburbs for 6
miles by two minors. At Central Park
on pavement, Dougan Minor has
blowout and turns homeward.
New Westminster.���12 miles of
pavement, 45 minutes and a mile coast
into this orchard city, the first capital of British Columbia. Deep freshwater harbor, being crowded out by
new 200 foot Front Street. Mile long
Fraser River bridge, guarded by soldiers with fixed bayonets.
Afternoon hot, unaccustomed to riding, "got seasick," about 6 p.m., after
covering 34 miles. Decided to camp
for the night. Campsite a forest, near
White Rock, beneath a fir tree. No
covering. "Slept" till daylight. Breakfast on blackberries. Detour of 'r\>r\
5 miles via White Flock Summer resort. Thirsty. Hospitable settle and
the drink from the oil barrel.
Arrived at Blaine before arrival of
customs officer. Lounged on grass
with head in Canada, and feet in U. S.
Read a popular story.
Passings the Customs.���Got emigration certificate from Canadian office, presented same, to American office. 9 a.m. customs opened. Necessary to put up bond or pay duty am
informed. A chat about my trip,
whence I came, etc., then "You Canadians have always treated me well,
and done me many favors, I'll reciprocate. Take your machine and "good
luck."
Roads to Bellingham.���Well crowned, hard surfaced roads, without
curves or grades. "Rip snortin'" al-
long. A very hot day. A lemonade
stand far from towns among the
farms. A roadside snooze. A passing
motor   truck.    "Climb  on  and   stow
away your machine."    Fairly tore into Bellingham in style.   Mount Baker
like angry  queen refuses to be seen.
Smoke).
Bellingham.���A city consolidated
from many towns during a stringency. Long and narrow, like a skunk's
dream of paradise as it spreads along
and up the hills on Bellingham Bay.
A sleepy town in 1909, today very energetic. Whatcom Falls a cascade of
water, falling almost silently into a
deep pool in a city park. Pool i'nhab-
itated by many aquatic humans. Decide to discard valise hitherto carried and to ship it by express henceforth. Left for Mount Vernon, via
new highway round Lake Sammish,
with its sweeping curves, fine grade
and bordering tall firs. A forest fire
sweeping up a bordering hill. Columns of smoke.
Level delta land about the Skagit
River. Crossed in 1909 by Cravity
ferry, in 1913 steel bridges within a
half mile.
Mount Vernon.���A town with aspirations. Terminus of electric line
to Bellingham���another link in the
chain of lightning that will connect
Vancouver to Los Angeles in a few
years. A long, happy "sleep" till 5
a.m., because the shows had finished
for the night. In 1909 while cycling
through this town, runaway team
dashed past, swerved and again tore
down the sidewalk. Hotel verandah
projected. One horse on verandah
and one off tongue tore out half a
dozen posts. Bartender and friend on
verandah, almost squashed. Took a
snap of this hotel.
- Journey to Everett.���Roads magnificent. Past Fir with its buttermilk-
less creamery. Also refused a drink
to two cyclists in 1909. Stanwood,
with its tramway���only vehicles a
steam engine like a piano box painted green and having windows. Coach
a similar contraption, same size, shape
and color.
Everett.���Across a long trestle into
the midst of bunting. "Aunt Sallies,"
hurdy gurdies, and peanut stands, for
the "Klahowyah," was in swing. This
"how do you do" celebration did not
deter me from my journey. Got apricots and a canteloupe for a feast
beyond the town. Silver Lake now
choked with summer cottages. Bothers tiny playground' choked with
weeds. Lake Washington on right
for 15 miles. Pavement of brick last
20 miles into Seattle.
Seattle.���First encounter this overgrown youngster at 89th St. North���
and thc millioneth St. S. E. or W.
Continuous pavement over myriad
hills, among residences of class and
distinction to Ravenna park, with its
huge trees and mineral spring. Pass
the old A. Y. P. Exposition grounds.
Forestry, fine arts and other buildings
now university buildings. A splendid
scheme to put up permanent exposi
tion buildings, an! afterwards giv
them to the university. Fences bril
liant with roses and various flowers.
Seattle not a growing child, but a
spirit that laughs at hundred foot
hills and digs them down, or rears a
42-storey building to eclipse them;
that sees in the bordering lakes additional frontage for shipping, and
tears more hills away to create connecting waterways. Felt immediately
on reaching business section that it
was necessary to travel twice as fast.
Not a policeman seen on point duty
for several days iu spite of rush. A
room, a bath, and a snooze. Seattle
knew not and cared less whether 1
was there or not. Madison and Luna
amusement parks closed for lack of
patronage. Hills like the house roof.
Rode up Ycslcr on bicycle as easily
as a cable.
Ride to Snoqualmie Falls, 35 miles
from Seattle to the Cascade foothill,
along the Sunset Highway. Water
falls, 256 feet, to be broken entirely
into spray. Park-like surroundings. A
huge power house in a rock tunnel.
Another outside. A fish hatchery and
game preserve.
Return to Seattle via Issaquah���only "6 miles," After about 16 reached
the ferry, still a dozen miles from
Pioneer square. To a fellow waiter
on the ferry���"What is the fare," 35c.
Thought "Great guns, have only 25c.
left this side of Seattle. Shall have to
bluff it. Ferry arrives. Prepare to
embark and rush the gatekeeper. Relief when fare is announced as 15c.
So July 4 passed. Reached a Seattle
gay with banners and crackers, and a
group around the "Times," pro-German and pro-Allies discussing discussing European politics. Celebration
lasts three days, during which nothing exciting happens. No speeches.
The jitney���carries passengers to and
from the confines of Seattle, 5c. Keep
your hand on your favorite bills, one
eye on your watch, with the other
look wise and avoid any Seattle expropriation.
Pavement to Tacoma.���Past wheat
fields, orchards, dairies and towns.
Cherry lunch at Auburn, Mount Rainier in sight. Enter Tacoma over the
tide flats.
Tacoma.���Looks  like  a  city  satis-
bankincnt on to railroad and followed
it for 1 1-2 miles against law and wish
- I of section foreman.
Olympia.���The capital, but a sidetracked town. Preconceived idea���a
place of 5,000. Actually a city of one-
tenth of that, no sooner entered than
the ��� ither side is passed, Capitol the
most notable building. Recollection
of a visit to Olympia 20 years ago
when friends lived in a 3-storey house
with an open door, unprotected on the
fied with its accomplishments, or one  Followed it to Kalama.    Soon
autos.   A splendid test of the gear and
brakes of bicycle.
To Olympia.���Decide to cross country instead of returning to Tacoma.
Got onto gravelled side roads for 10
miles and walked. Steilacoom an old,
antiquated suburb of Tacoma on Puget Sound. Fish hatchery and State
asylum. A ride on a forbidden sidewalk uncaptured. A road led into the
Dupont munition reserve, unwarning-
ly.    A signpost pointed west instead
Every car bearing notice of a picnic
Portland   lives.     Portland   hy   night  No   houses   near.     Camped   for   the
from the heights a blaze of light like
an illuminated checkerboard to the
horizon, with a toy-box assortment
in the foreground, showing plainly in
the greater light. River curves gently through a lane of shadow, broken
in a dozen places where a dozen highways cross the Willamette. Adieu to
the city, with the thought, "Why was
Portland built  where  it  stands.    Not
upusi   ponucu   vvesi   IIISIVUU
of south. Rode to thc end in a farm- o" 'he Columbia as imagined, but 20
yard, five miles from the highway. "������������������" "P ""-' Willamette." A dozen
Wouldn't return. Crossed three barb- P^cei on the Columbia seemingly of
ed fences, a ditch, slid down an em-1 f" " eooi city sites.
To Hood River.���N'ews of a sister
at Walla Walla. Informed that distance is ISO miles, roads excellent.
Decide in 15 minutes to ride in. Leave
Portland at night. Ride till town
thought to be miles behind. Tired.
A forest. Rest till daylight beneath
an oak. Daylight .shows Portland all
about yet. Road magnificent for 20
miles to the Auto club on the Sand
Kiver. Long hill through thc forest.
At summit road reaches the brink of
yjthe  Columbia Gorge.     Portland  Ore
and'gouians so anxious to build thin ih
third loft.   All faded but the mem
of   an   "almost"   fall   therefrom     .^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
succeeding reprimand.    Tried to find personally sold    bonds,     with    their
the same house.    Found a dozen of | homes   as   security.    Road  built  for
centuries   to     the     standard     grade.
Rooster Rock appears like a tiny toy
them.
To Chehalis.���Passed a Vancouver
auto. Congratulations. Rain commences to fall bountifully. A fir tree
shelters for some time, till so leaky
that ride is resumed. Reached Ten-
ino, where are numerous stone quarries, just before a most delightful outburst, accompanied by lightning and
thunder. Read the "Saturday Evening
Post" in the O. W. R. and N. depot.
Many oil wells being drilled. Yes,
a greasy scum was observed on a diminutive puddle at the foot of a hill.
Road leads down a fertile valley, past
a hill like the work of a mound builder, across many railroad tracks, kerplunk into the ,middle of Centralia.
Street cars. Town anticipated about
200.
To Portland.���Chehalis at the other
end of the carline, over ambitiously
lays pavement���and tears up the decent road. Supper on the novel diet
of soda crackers, assimilated on the
go. Bang off end of pavement into
red clay. Before able to stop a generous coating blocks wheels and sticks
to feet of the resultant pedestrian. A
mile of this stuff. Darkness coming.
A nectarine tree���a new one to me.
Sort of peachy, plum, cherry combination, about size of apricot. The test
results satisfactorily. Filled pockets.
Darkness. Ah! a barn. Enter, sleeps
in mow in perfect bliss. Morning,
more rain. Soaked. Down Cowlitz
River to free ferry, and Socialist orator at Toledo over a road well covered with very loose gravel. "How is
thc road." "You have passed the best,
you will strike for 20 miles. Just a-
:ross the river a stretch of macadam
if ideal consistency lasted for miles,
.cached the Columbia river at Kelso.
heights unable to get down to Celilo.
night in a grainfield. Stacked together
sheaves. Next morning endeavored
vainly to extract all chaff. Deschutes
River dashes through hills and empties into Columbia berteath a bridge
constructed by private individuals.
Toll collected for every vehicle a-
cross. Peach and apple orchard beyond. Sand commences, deep and
loose. End ol the Dalles, or great
harrier.
I Continued  next  week).
De Wolf Hopper was once a witness in a suit for slander. The opposing counsel in the court-room said:
"You are an actor, I believe?"
"Yes," replied Hopper.
"Is not that a low calling?''
"I don't know; but at any rate it's
so much better than my father's that
I am rather proud of it."
"What is your father's calling, may
I ask?"
"lie was a lawyer," said Hopper.
sadly waiting for something to happen. Doesn't everywhere look "has-
been." Tall realty building (15 s.).
Much animation on streets. Life
enough to capture for smelting B. C.
copper. A Point Defiance Park on
the plan of Vancouver's world famous Stanley Park. Long distance
from park to town, partly occupied
by thc swell residences of Yakima and
other avenues. High school on a
bluff with its unique stadium seating 35,000. St. Peter's church has
oldest church tower in America���a
tree,
Visit to relatives.���Spanaway Lake
out 10 miles along pavement. An uncle nearby. Arrived at 10 p.m. Mistaken for Tramp. Visiut strawberries.
Rain threatens. Cocking hay. Why
not visit Mount Rainier, or Mount
Tacoma? It is only 75 miles each
way.
Trip up Mount Rainier.���First night
slept in deserted roofless shack ou
ferns in mountains. Owls, etc., hoot.
Rode on at daylight. Enter park 6
a.m. First 7 miles climbed 2 per cent,
grade steadily to the Hot Springs.
A conglomeration of establishments
for refreshment. A glimpse of the
14,000 feet peak occasionally. Like a
court beauty, seen only at her pleasure. 14 succeeding miles, good surface, but as crooked as a succession
of "s" and horseshoe can be. Instance to climb from Nisqually Glacier, which the road skirts to Narada
Falls, about 8 miles���up a mountain
path about 1 '-2. Many places where
a slip mean the wrecker. Autos allowed to proceed only in one direction
at once. Reese's Camp at Roadhcad,
elevation 5,557 feet, after a climb ofrj
6 per cent., lasting through the 14
miles. At the Camp, roaring fire within, without a cold wind from the
summit (invisible from here) in the
mist. A hot meal. Second hotel in
remembrance where waiters stuffed
patrons to the eyebrows and tried to
increase the allowance. Greatest days
record of 97 miles. Return to park
entrance, one long coast of 21 miles,
it being unnecessary to touch pedals
except when near the bottom it became necessary to dismount to pass
road torn up. No alternative route
and the highway covered with moistened clay. Shouldered bicycle and
strode through ferns and logs at side.
Two motors stuck. Chains and ropes
necessary. All passengers walk.
Motorcycles cither wait till mud dries,
or by planking and advancing cover
three miles of clay in something
the          	
under a day. Reach Kalama. Clean
up machine. Informed that road will
bc completed in a month, and rocked.
Mail had not arrived. Financially em-
barassed. Wait a day for thc mail.
Visit fish cannery on river. To Bystander, "How long before I strike
the Columbia river." "Look befon-
you, man." Saw a river as wide as
thc Hudson at Hoboken. Anticipated
a river whose other side was hours
distant by fast ferry. 36 special passenger trains of Shrincrs pass in
night. Competing ferrymen, all anxious to convey me across the river.
Three miles along track unballasted
in the rain, my introduction to Oregon. On to excellent Macadam road
into Portland, via St. Helens, so called because Mount St. Helen could not
he seen. Washington across the river.
Boat crawling slowly up against the
current. Many orchards in sight.
Rain ceased.
Portland.���First sighted 20 miles
from its centre. Long interval of
passing an occasional house or mill.
Then a park square, and pop into the
midst of new and spacious offices.
The whole town seemed out of the
"bandbox." A narrow but lofty town.
Narrow guage cars. High encircling
hills. Trolleys everywhere. Southern Pacific Motor Cars, using streets
and two other companies. A 15-storey
department store. Temporary quarters in a rented dozen loft building.
Not the slightest difficulty in exploring the town���but a persistent notion
that I was always "across the river."
Council Crest a 1200 foot hill, overlooking the town, reached by trolley,
crowned by an observation tower, and
the longest scenic railroad, a dance
hall, etc. Rear country���farms, distant forests. Far distant, Mounts
Hood; St. Helens, Adams and Rainier. Many streets lines with rose
bushes, and shaded by cherry trees.
as the road creeps around the edge
of the Heights of Thor to Crown
Point.
Here the road winds all over a plot
less than required to produce a living
with the hights backing the road, and
the grand fall of cliff dropping sheer
from the road wall. View extends for
35 miles. In next 10 miles two-waterfalls plunge or tinkle over the cliffs
to the south. At each is a park, some
donated to the city of Portland by citizens. Culmination is Multnomah
Fall of 700 feet, sheer over a ledge of
conglomerate formation. Each creek
bridged by a span of concrete, ornamented after the Italian style with
stone wall approaches, in the same
harmonious style. Roadway descends
to level of railway, and together leave
the grandest scenery at (Ineonto
Gorge. Here a cleft in the rock with
overhanging walls bursts across the
road. Into the bluff beyond thc road
is tunneled, while the railroad just beside is on the outside. A land of
fairies that dance by moonlight in
Shepherd's Dell, of giants that attempted to bridge the Columbia, of
gigantic 200 feet logs, turned to stone
at the whim of an offended god, of
forests, now beneath the Columbia, a
frozen drama, a wild alluring appeal
to the tourist to desert the road of the
ballasted way and ramble on, or.linger
forever, and a fish wheel on the left
turned slowly, (trippingly, with its
scoop containing the wealth uf the
"Oregon." At Bonnieville an unspecified orchestra "sawed off tunes to a
merry crowd of picnicing Elks tripping the light fantastic," while the
hatchery prepared its supply of fish
for the river���and I watched that process. Here the highway ended for
the present. Construction parties
working to get the road across Oregon. Soft for miles. Lost much time
walking. Night settled down. Arose
at daylight and i cached Hood River
before life was in evidence. A town
on the Columbia at the mouth of the
Hood River, embowered in apple
trees. Has an air-of business, and
success.
To thc Dalles. ��� At the to;, of a
grade across the 1 iood. the valley,
with its orchards, began to spread out.
Apples, pears, plums spreading several miles wide, alni"st to th chase of
Mount Hood, It seemed a bugi ic<
cream cone, ir again, smiling, yet Be-
i ate, as a i urt jester Mount Rainier
visible far in Washington. No fence:
around many orchards, and tlie apples and plums ripe. You're welcome,
Only region struck to any extent free
from Coddling Moth. Many very
heavy hill-. Roads commence to be
dusty. Orchards except ou top. Irrigation required. In a hollow in the
hills stands the town. The Dalles.
Place where Grant fought Indians.
Named on account of the great Cascades that break the Columbia here.
Great locks built raising vessels. Canal eight miles long. Cost $1,000,000
a mile. Cut through the lava rock.
Town of Celilo at upper end. An inaccessible town from thc Road (500
feet lower). Here where river turns
on edge and leaps over the barriers a
long bridge crosses. Kodak goes on
strike, just at the best scenic point.
Discarded shutter and exposed by removing and replacing a post card before the lens.   Night found me on the
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THE STANDARD
SATURDAY, AUGUST 26, 1916
The Romance of Canada
By W. J. Shaw
(From the "Westminster")
In the new sense of nationhood
asserting itself throughout our Dominion, we Canadians as a people, so
over-stress the limitless material
wealth of our country, thc boundless
natural resources handed down to
us by the generations that have gone,
that we signally fail to appreciate
our equally splendid spiritual'?heri-
tage, the priceless patrimony of devotion, heroism and romance, bequeathed by our forefathers from the
pioneer days of our national life. Our
writers and speakers glowingly picture the vast armies of immigrants
streaming into our industrial centres
and over our wide prairies, our broad
wheat fields pouring their golden harvests into the granaries of the motherland, our inexhaustible mineral resources, and scenic wonders that command the admiration of the world, yet
how strangely silent are both platform and press concerning the many
unique personages who so richly dower our colonial history as well as
those thrilling episodes of daring and
sacrifice that our nation can so ill-
afford to leave unheralded and unsung.
And so there has, unfortunately,
grown up among Canadians,a fairly
well-defined conviction that our early
history is devoid of romantic interest,
and its study an irksome stirring a-
mong the dry bones of trivalties. To
all such, the spirit of romance so
long nurtured amid the courts and
castles of Europe is still domiciled only in the Old World, never having for
some unaccountable reason set afoot
���on Canadian soil. But if Romance
may be defined as a dramatic grouping of extraordinary events characterized by daring or mystery in a sphere
���of life removed from common experience, then there is no hesitation in
affirming that the History of Canada
is replete with romance as is that
of no other land in the Seven Seas.
Romance of Exploration
From the days of the adventurous
Champlain, intrepid explorers ply our
numberless rivers, our boundless inland seas, our land-locked, pine-girt
lakes where the lonely loon shrills his
plaintive note, risk life and limb in
treacherous rapidls, bear wearisome
burdens over long portages, and at
times leisurely propel their frail barks
through labyrinthine isles of idyllic
loveliness. Ever they seek, but in
vain, to find that will o' the wisp of
16th century, a shorter route to India
and the East. From Quebec's rocky
citadel up thc broad St. Lawrence,
westward along the Ottawa River to
the Great Lakes, over the watershed
to the Red River, and so by way of
thc Saskatchewan through our billowy prairies teeming with roaming
herds of buffalo, even to the rugged
Rockies, these fearless voyagers paddle and hunt and blaze trails, and
fight with the red-man, or smoke the
pipe of peace, and bring within the
ken of civilization the most beautiful
and romantic chain of waterways under heaven's blue dome. Their dream
though it fails of realization remains
an inspiring vision, for through it the
dreamers find something more splendid than they seek. Not a shorter
route to the East is their legacy to
us, but the future home of one of the
world's mighty Anglo-Saxon democracies. Some day Canadians will
proudly enshrine these peerless
Knights of the Woodlands among the
good and great of our land.
No less romantic than the role of
the explorer is that of the merchant.
Not his the routine task of the 20th
century devotee of commerce who,
foregoing none of the comforts of
home conducts business enterprises,
of national proportions. Not the
well-equipped structure of today, but
the buoyant birch canoe is the store
of early New France; and in spite
of hostile natives, inclement weather
and hardships innumerable, the thrifty trader traverses thousands of miles
with his load of beads, cloth and
firearms in quest of beaver, otter and
other peltries which ultimately bring
him prodigious profits in the European markets.
At strategic points fringing thc vast
wilderness hinterland, rude pallisaded
trading posts are erected, sentinelling the pathless domain of the trapper. In these primitive settlements
foregather a strange medley of humanity. Buck-skinned hunters, gaily-
bedecked natives, shrewd merchants,
titled adventurers, and monks cassock-
ed and cowled, mingle in picturesque
confusion. The din of barter, the glow
of the smithy's forge, thc grim threat
of a few rusty cannon, the chattering
of squaws and children, aifd the tinkle-
tinkle of the little church bell summoning men's thoughts from this
world to the next are but passing
glimpses of this early life.   Amid such
conditions, in sequestered spots on the
ramparts of empire the future commercial centres of our Dominion ���
Toronto, Montreal an dWinnipeg���
proud of their 20th century culture and
wealth, are born and cradled into
lusty youth.
No other character in the history
of our countiy provides more material for the writer of romance than the
early fur-trader, whose varied and
colossal activities absorb no less than
one-third of the population of New
France, and upon whose failure or
success, the prosperity of the colony
depends for many years. And yet
Canadians, while gaily paying homage to the immortal pen of thc blind
bard of olden days whose glory the
passing of 30 centuries leaves undim-
med, are strangely unmindful that if
Canada today but had the Homers to
portray the adventurous wanderings
of her early traders through the tangles of her untrod woodlands, she
too, would rejoice in more than one
Odyssey as undying as that of ancient
Greece, singing its way djown the
ages. The characters of our early-
commerce are so richly haloed in romance as those that thrill the pages
of "The Cloister and the Hearth,"
"Ivanhoe," or other masterpieces of
fiction.
The checkered career of Radisson
the Canadian fur-trader, the first of
white blood, if we accept the verdict
of recent research, to behold in the
year 1659 the mighty Father of Waters, his marvellous escapades among
the Indians, his astute diplomacy whether on the side of the French or the
British, his part as founder of the
Hudson Bay Company, and thc significance of his life in the great contest
for New World Empire, are not these
ample material for a great Canadian
r8mance of absorbing interest?
The redoubtable La Verendrve likewise has all the ingredients from
which romantic heroes are made. He,
too, has the wander-lust in his blood,
and must needs essay the secret of
the Western Sea. In thc early decades of thc 18th century, La Veren-
drye frequents the trading posts of
the Great Lakes, where vague rumors
of vast unwooded plains in the distant west become increasingly current. Incredulous of these, but buoyantly hopeful of finding the undiscovered sea just behind the western
rim, he fares forth into the heart of
the wilderness. Months routined with
hardships and heroism glide by; followers grow mutinous; partners disappoint; famine threatens, but each
morn finds the leader undaunted with
face ever to the west. At length, traversing  the   grass-enswathed   plains
"THE MAN WHO KNOWS"
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Here Are the Standard-Bearers for 1916
COMPLETE LIST OF CANDIDATES THUS FAR NOMINATED FOR PROVINCIAL ELECTION
Below will be found THE STANDARD'S tabulated list of all the constituencies which have nominated
their candidate for the coming provincial parliamentary elections, along with the names of the gentlemen who
are to represent their different parties.
Constituency
Alberni   ...
Atlin ......
Cariboo   ..
Chilliwack
Cowichan
Columbia .
Comox
Cranbrook   	
Delta   	
Dewdney 	
Esquimalt 	
Fort George	
Fernie   	
Greenwood 	
Grand Forks 	
Islands 	
Kamloops  ..,	
Kaslo  	
Lillooet  	
Nelson	
Nanaimo  	
North Okanagan  .
South Okanagan ..
Newcastle   	
New V/estminster
Omineca  	
Revelstoke   	
Rossland  	
Richmond 	
Saanich	
Similkameen   	
Skeena  	
Slocan   	
North Vancouver
South Vancouver .
Trail 	
Vancouver   	
Victoria
Yale
Liberal
Conservative
H. C. Brewster
Frank Mobley
J. Yorston
E. D. Barrow
K. Duncan
John Buckam
Hugh Stewart
Dr. J. H. King
A. D. Patterson
John Oliver
A. W. McCurdy
A. I. Fisher
Dr. J. D. McLean
J. E. Thompson
M. B. Jackson
F. W. Anderson
John Keen
J. B. Bryson
A. M. Johnson
Wm. Sloan
Dr. K. McDonald
Leslie V. Rogers
David Whiteside
A. M. Manson
Dr. Sutherland
W. D. Willson
G. G. McGeer
F. A. Pauline
R. S. Conkling
T. D. Pattulo
Chas. F. Nelson
Mayor Hanes
J. W. Weart
M- H. Sullivan
Ralph Smith
M. A. Macdonald
P. Donnelly
Dr. Mcintosh
J. S. Cowper
J. W. deB. Farris
H. C. Brewster
John Hart
George Bell
H. C. Hall
Joseph Walters
J. G.  C. Wood
W. X. McDonald
J. A. Fraser
W. D. Macken
W. H. Hayward
Dr. Taylor
M. Manson
T. D. Caven
F. J. Mackenzie
W. J. Manson
R. H. Pooley
W. R. Ross
Thos. Uphill
J. R Jackson
E. Miller
W. W. Foster
J. P. Shaw
R. J. Long
Archie  McDonald
Dr. W. O. Rose
A. E. Planta
Price Ellison
Mayor Jones
Dr. Dier
Thos. Gifford
F. M. DockriH
Hon. T. Taylor
L. A. Campbell
W. J. Baird
D. M. Ebert9
L. W. Shatford
Wm. Manson
W. Hunter
G. H. Morden
Rev. Boulton
Jas. A. Schofield
W. J. Bowser
C. E. Tisdall
Dr. McGuire
Walter Leek
A. H. Macgowan
Thos. Duke
A. Stewart
Reginald Hayward
John Dillworth
Leonard Tate
Alex. Lucas
Socialist, Lab. or Independent
J. D. Kendall; A. W. Neil (I.)
Geo.  Casey
W. Pritchard; S. Wrigley (S.)
J. A. Macdonald (Soc.)
J. Mclnnes (S.); W. Gillet (I.)
J. A. MacDonald (Soc.)
L. L. Boomer (Ind.)
S. Skinner (Soc.)
Parker Williams (Ind. Soc.)
Robt. McBride (Ind.)
W. J. Ledingham (Soc$*
Wm. McNeish (Ind. Con.)
J. E. Wilton (Lab.)
J. Goodwin (Soc.)
J. Harrington (Soc.)
H. G. White (Soc.)
Robt. Cassidy (Ind. Con.)
W. R. Trotter (Ind. Lab.)
A. F. Fawcett (Ind.)
E. C. Appleby (Ind.)
T. P. Townley (Ind.)
J. H. Hawthornthwaite (Soc.)
P. Williams (Soc.)
Dr. E. A. Hall (Ind.)
P. R. Smythe; A. Morley (I.)
Dan Pougard (Soc.)
of Manitoba where the prairie dog
and the coyote have disported themselves unmolested through uncalen-
dared eons, the peerless voyageur
reaches Lake Winnipeg, and in 1738,
sailing up the muddy waters of the
Red River unfurls the Lilies of France
over a little log fort on the site of
the present city of Winnipeg.
The mysterious Western Sea is still
afar, and his endless journeying seems
bootless. But his apparent failure is
one of those glorious achievements
that will forever comrade his name
with those of Columbus, Carth-r and
Capt. Cook, as world-discoverers, for
are not his the first white eyes to
descry thc vast unplowed wheat-fields
of the Canadian West, his thc first
ear to hear thc thunder tread of the
lordly buffalo while yet he is king of
the unbroken plains? Marooned thousands of miles from kith and kin, he is
thc bold leader of a tiny vanguard of
that vast European immigration destined so relentlessly to displace the
vanishing redman's race.
Brimming with romance, and at thc
same time significant of the expansion of Canada is the rivalry of the
Hudson Bay, and North-West Fur-
Trading Companies. Beginning in
,1787, and lasting about 35 years, the
antagonism of the rival organizations
grows so bitter that even the great
armies of employees become blind
partisans of tlieir respective masters,
serving them with a loyalty so unswerving that at times pitched battles
ensue with all their woeful accompaniments.
However, amid this lawlessness and
self-seeking so characteristic of
monopolies everywhere, a few personages stand out in refreshing contrast, unshackled by the prevailing
wealth-lust of the time. Refusing to
bow the knee to the Baal of Pelf is
Samuel Heme the first grcat .Anglo-
Canadian explorer. On sleds, behind
a dashing cohort of sturdy huskies, accompanied by the inimitable pathfinder Matonabbee, he picks a hazardous
way over the great snow-carpeted region between Hudson Bay and the
Coppermine River. First of white
men, he achieves the overland journey
to the ice-bound shores of the Arctic
Ocean, and while adding to the British domain this vast territory���a veritable hunters' paradise, swarming with
buffalo, beaver and moose���he incidentally gains for himself among our
Canadian heroes, the proud epithet of
the "Mungo Park of Canada."
Perhaps more heroic, certainly more
dramatic, are the exploits of Alexander Mackenzie, a trader in thc employ
of the North-West Company. With
untiring persevjerance this venturesome Scot not only follows thc turbulent waters of the Mackenzie to
where they lose themselves under the
twinkling Northern Lights among the
icebergs of the Arctic Seas, but first
of Europeans, blazes a trail through
the mountainous wilds of British Columbia to the open ocean beyond. As
he stands, a second Alexander the
Great, on the sunset slopes of Can
ada with the restless waters of thejNew,
Pacific lapping at his feet, there are
few more picturesque figures in all
history. The dauntless daring of
Mackenzie in laying bare the great
secret of the Western Sea throws by
comparison the viccissitudes of the
Holy City pilgrims of the Middle
Ages into the sphere of the commonplace. The annals of chivalry of the
Old World depict no more romantic
exploits' than the peaceful conquest
of the Canadian West by her traders
and explorers.
Romance of the Homestead
Even the more prosaic occupation
of clearing the land and tilling the soil
in these early days has a romance
and chivalry uniquely its own. The
very nature of the primal environment brings into activity the nobler
qualities latent in cvery individual.
Men blossom into unconscious heroes, and worthy deeds are of common
occurrence. Empire-building���be the
builders Roman, French or British,
demands men of stern unyielding character; and strong men, indeed, are the
Pilgrim Fathers" of Canada, for with
danger lurking in ambush at. every
turn, they still work and play and love
with joy in their hearts.
Pioneering implies resourcefulness
and self-denial, too seldom recognized by those subsequently entering
into the comforts so arduously prepared for them. From early boyhood,
each handles an axe, a flail, or a paddle with equal dexterity, shoots with
unerring skill in time of peril, and
comprehends wood-lore with the acumen of a red-skin. Along with these
more serious aspects of homesteading
are intermingled not a few diversions.
Barn-raisings and quilting bees are
gala occasions in every pioneer community, while song, dance and gleeful
chatter about the big log fire, as well
as merry snow-shoe tramps, drive
dull care from many a long winter
evening. Perhaps, too, on the walls
of unpretentious homes, hung promiscuously with powder flasks, drying pelts, and thc ubiquitous violin,
one may find a well-stocked bookshelf
ministering to the needs of the men
of culture found in every frontier community.
But underneath life in all its phases,
both grey and gay, the menace of
danger in some form is never far
away, so that every log-hewn home,
girt about with its little clearing is
not only a tiny oasis in a wilderness
of barbarism, but is called upon at
times to play the more romantic role
of fortress, and defend its inmates
from sudden attack.
Romance of Religion
These, however, do not exhaust the
romantic elements in this stirring colonial epoch, for, this too is an era
of religious bigotry, when Catholic
and Puritan, Jesuit and Calvinist are
mortal enemies, more venomous in
their hatred than thc rival nations.
Unfortunately these theological and
racial feuds of the Old World are
only too faithfully duplicated in thc
- Looking back on 100 years of uninterrupted peace on our border, it is
hard to conceive that ever and anon
for over a century, pious New England Puritans and zealous Canadian
Catholics leave their farms, workshops, and places of worship, and accompanied by a band of war-decked
allies steal silently along the dark forest trails and over the winding watery highways, overshadowed by broad
leafy arches, to hurl themselves a-
gainst each other with all the fury
and fanaticism of the crusaders of
the Middle Ages desperately battling
under Syrian skies for the empty
tomb of their Lord.
But happily fanaticism and hatred
are not thc last nor the most conspicuous element in the evolution of
Canada's religoius life. Devoted self-
sacrifice has played a part even more
important and enduring. Who has
not thrilled to hear of the big-hearted
French missionary, Marquette in his
fearless efforts to bring the message
of his Church to the benighted tribes
of the New World! The wilderness
has its noble martyrs who for the
truth as they saw it. heroically died at
the stake no less gloriously and effectively than those of haloed memory
at Smithfield. To the Catholic priests
of early New France we must add a
long list of Protestant missionaries
���Crosby, McDougall, Young and many others down even to the sky-pilots
of our Western Prairies today whose
mission has been so romantically and
vividly portrayed by Ralph Connor.
Incomplete is the appraisement of
pur national spiritual heritage without the "Story of the Canadian School
House," "The Coming of the Railway," and the "Advent of Machine
Production." Each of these chapters
of our national romance has its heroes, its struggles and its glorious achievements���elements litle known, but
having much to do in thc formation
of our national character.
Get Ready 1 Our graduates are in
demand. We receive more calls for
office help than we can fill. Fall
term opens September 5th. Success
Business College, cor. 10th Ave. and
Main St., Vancouver.
A priest one Sunday was showing
off his class and proceeded to ask one
little boy in the presence of the archbishop: "What is matrimony?"
The little boy's eyes bulged out at
the suddenness with which the question was put and then he said mechanically: "Matrimony is a state of
punishment to which some souls are
condemned to suffer for a while before they are considered good enough
to go to heaven."
"Tut, tut," said the priest. "That
is the definition of purgatory."
"Let him alone," said the archbishop. "He may be right���what do you
and I know about it, anyway?"
CITIZENS,  ATTENTION!
Know all ye by these presents:
That for Factums and Briefs, no printers give
you better satisfaction than 3% &fcmuar&.
That for Letterheads and Envelopes (Urf?
#tanuaru is the place to buy.
That for Book Binding, Engraving, Ruling,
sooner or later you will come to
PRINTING DEPARTMENT
PHONE SEYMOUR 470 FOR PRICES
ON ANY JOB PRINTING ARISING IN
  YOUR OFFICE 	
' * SATURDAY, AUGUST 26, 1916
THE  STANDARD
SEVEN
BOND INVESTMENTS
Primarily, look for healthy security and buy from a responsible
Company that has carefully scrutinized the investment.
Second, consider the interest returns.
The safeguards of a true investment can be easily verified. The
B. C. Municipal Bonds we handle are a charge on all properties
within each respective municipality. They yield from 6'/' per
cent, to Tii per cent.   Consult our Bond Dept. in person or by letter.
Canadian Financiers Trust Company
Head Office: 839 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B.C.
PATRICK DONNELLY, General Manager.
Northern Securities Limited
Established 1906
529 PENDER STREET WEST
FINANCIAL AGENTS.
NOTARY PUBLIC
Seymour 1574
ESTATE MANAGERS
HOUSES WANTED
We have numerous inquiries for six and eight-roomed houses in
good districts.   List your house for rent with our rental department.
B. GEO. HANSULD
Manager
Excelsior Life Insurance Company
Head Office: Toronto
VANCOUVER OFFICES:   STANDARD BANK BUILDING
F. J. Gillespie, M. J. Gillespie,
Provincial Manager Provincial Inspector
This old line Company has $1.50 for every dollar of liability.
Our policies are approved by the Dominion Government The rates
are no higher than other Companies.   "Safety First" is our motto.
UNION STEAMSHIP CO. of B.C. Limited
THE   BRITISH   COLUMBIA   COAST   HAS   BEEN   DESCRIBED
AS THE EIGHTH WONDER OF THE WORLD
A VOYAGE
"North by West in the Sunlight"
IN ONE OF OUR
Eight Vessels "8" in Regular Service
WILL HELP YOU TO REALISE THIS TRUTH
Apply to our Publicity Department for brochures "Outward Bound"
and "North by West in the Sunlight," and particulars on Special Fares,
Hotel Accommodation and Tariffs, etc.
Head Offices nnd Whnrft UNION DOCK, FOOT OF CARRALL STREET
Take Car to Columbia Avonue Phone Seymour 306
P^fflE
B!^3
As a bee wings its way to its destination without deviating from its course one iota, so the
LONG DISTANCE TELEPHONE performs
a duty to the public by supplying the shortest and
most direct lines of communication.
Are you using the telephone for LONG DISTANCE PURPOSES to the best possible advantage?
SPEAK���DON'T WRITE!
Send your voice, your ideas, and your personality by telephone. Travelling is expensive and
writing uncertain.
B.C. TELEPHONE CO. LTD.
RAIL TICKETS TO ALL POINTS
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Line*
STANDARD PARAGRAPHS
C E. .Itnnejr, O. A. P. D.
FhOMI Uf. I1M
W. O. Connolly, C. P. F. ,
If T OrUTin* StrMt
TWO NEW DIRECTORS ARE
ELECTED BY BANK
Thc Royal Bank of Canada has announced thc election of two new directors: Mortimer li. Davis, president
of the Imperial Tobacco Co., and G.
II. Duggan, vice-president of ihe Dominion Bridge Co. They succeed the
late T. J. Drummond, ot Montreal and
the late W. E. Smith of Halifax.
AN OBJECT LESSON
On September 14th llie people of
this province which, under honest and
efficient government should in the
next decade, develop into a real Empire within the great Dominion, are
going to appoint its business managers for the next five years; and the
business ability of the present administration should bc considered over
and above all petty party issues. The
people should try honestly to understand the facts as they are today. It
is remarkable in thc extreme that a
surplus of many millions five years
ago has been turned into an estimated
deficit of over five millions for the
years 1916-17, with a total public debt
of over twenty millions and authorit,
to borrow ten millions more.
It is still more remarkable to note
that the Province with this enormou:
debt, contracted within a short per
iod of time, does not own any public
utilities���such as telephones, telegraph, street railway or railroad systems, grain elevators, smelters or
ships; but, on the other hand, guarantees of upwards of $80,000,000 have
been given to railroad companies, and
already interest is being paid on tlie
bonds of one unfinished and unproductive  road which  has defaulted.
The point which gives the whole-
position a serious aspect is the fast
diminishing annual revenue. Permit
us to quote the case of a little town
in the middle West which has a total
liability of $127,000. Its population
is less than 350 people, representing
about 50 residential ratepayers. When
agricultural communities of the West
unwisely wished to become big commercial centres, that little town, like
many others, acquired nothing of a
city's appearance except its debt. Now
it is in financial difficulties, humbled
and content to call itself a village.
It has placed its affairs in the hands
of the provincial authorities, and the
local paper says: "To expect this
handful of people (50 residential ratepayers) to assume these burdens (liabilities of $127,000) is as ridiculous as
it is impossible." Also, the creation
of the debt was as ridiculous as it was
possible.
* * *
WESTERN  CANADA'S REFUNDING SCHEME NOT PROGRESSING FAVORABLY
The proposal to convert from sterling into dollars certain issues of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Winnipeg
securities, which were originally sold
in England, with a view to the use of
the securities in their new form in thc
United States, has for its object the
facilitating, as far as practicable, of
the financial operations under thc direction of thc British treasury board
"Whatever advantages may accrue to
the issuing bodies under thc tentative
plans now being considered will be
more or less offset by the shortening
of the time of maturity," is the comment of thc scheme in the latest
monthly commercial letter of the
Canadian Bank of Commerce.
It was stated some time ago that the
total Canadian issues to be mobilized
by the British treasury board, and refloated in New York, would easily exceed one hundred million dollars. At
the present status of the scheme, the
sum is made up of: Manitoba government securities, sixteen millions; Saskatchewan government, nine millions;
City of Winnipeg, thirty-six millions.
Other provinces and large civic corporations, among them Quebec, Nova
Scotia, Ontario, Calgary, Vancouver
and Toronto, were expected to assent
to refunding of their securities, making the total a high one.
A great deal lias been said about
the benefits to accrue from this
scheme, as well as the assistance in
financing war expendiutres in the United States, but advices from the East
indicate that the mobilization is proceeding at a much slower rate than
was anticipated. The price being offered by the treasury hoard is said to
be 80 plus accrued interest. Private
advices received in Vancouver this
week indicate that the scheme is not
meeting with success, and will probably not be carried out on the present plans.
MORATORIUM LEGISLATION
British countries have enjoyed a
remarkable record in regard to the fair
treatment of capital. In Canada in
recent years, however, there has arisen
a tendency to override even the most
common rights of invested capital.
This factor has appeared both in the
East and in the West. Moratorium
laws have been enacted months after
the war crisis had passed, despite the
fact lhat a moratorium is an emergency measure only. The rights of lenders have been flouted by unfair legislation, hastily passed, especially in
Western Canada.
British Columbia has gone far
enough with legislation of this nature
to do harm which cannot easily be
remedied. THE STANDARD has
endeavored to make this plain for
some months past. When the security
and covenants of first mortgages on
real property are tampered with, the
owner ultimately suffers���while the
entire community or province suffers
at once. The postponement cf obligations does not, unfortunately, wipe
them out. Who of our champions of
protective legislation will predict thc
condition of affairs when once thc
moratoriums are lifted in thc various
provinces?
As soon as borrowers generally realize that legislation which injures
the security of first mortgages, reacts
upon them, we may, perhaps, expect
nu.re foresight on the part of certain
legislators.
* * *
NICKEL
The people of Canada wish that
Sir Oliver Mowat had been successful
in his endeavors as far back as 1891,
to have the British admiralty acquire
control of the Ontario nickel deposits.
There is a conviction in the minds
even of a great number of those men
who represent capital, that a national
asset so vastly important as is nickel, j
and about 90 per cent .of the world's
supply of which is in the soil of the j
$244,400. The justice department,
which was assigned $45,126.00, has a
balance of $21,811.86, and the Juvenile Detention Home, $4384.05 from
an estimated expenditure of $10,110.
The electrical department has a
balance of $44,538.90 from an estimated expenditure for the year of
$98,667.00. The parks board, which
was reduced in the yearly estimates
to an expenditure of $41,000, has a
balance remaining to its credit ol
$18,605.17. The Library board was
cut to $26,000 at the commencement
of the year, and still has a balance of
$12,320.49. The health department
estimated its expenditures at $34,934,-
35. of which a balance of $16,547.52
remains. The Old People's Home
and the Creche, have not expended
half of their estimates yet, having a
balance of $10,996.48 remaining .out
of an allowance of $19,363.00. The
relief department, on the other hand,
will have to cut its expenditures down
to a minimum, if it is to keep within
the estimates, as it only has a balance
of $9,837.74 remaining out of a grant
of $37,290.00. The City Market, for
which $3280.00 was allocated, has a
residue of $1535, while the industrial
commissioner's department shows a
balance of $367537 from an estimated
expenditure of $4825.00. The School
Board, which was assigned the sum
of $629,854.02, has remaining $274,-
698.22. Thc total operating charges
amount to $1,295,335.77.
Thc revenues for the year until July
31 show that the taxes paid in until
that date aggregated $40,921.37. Thc
estimates for the year show the taxes
to be estimated at $3,763,729.38. Water rates, which arc estimated at $430,-
000. brought in S196.237.06. Licenses
brought in $108,354.50. Fees, etc.,
amounted to $66,698.51, while government grants, which aggregate $180,-
000, have already paid to the city $92,-
124.90. Of thc total estimated revenues of the year which amount to $4.-
689,536.31, there has been received up
to August 1 only $504,336.34. The
i mpire, should be controlled I taxes which are due before September
and operated by the  British  Empire.!'
preferably  by our  own  governments
Sooner  or later  every  man  bumps
into his stone wall.
* * *
Some men  succeed by ability and
some rely on their nerve
Some girls give up a kiss as if
they were having a tooth pulled
* * *
When it comes to cutting remarks,
a oman's tongue lias a sword
beaten.
* * *
Thc meek will of necessity have
to inherit the earth if they ever get
it .
* * *
Before some preachers condemn a
sin they investigate its financial standing.
* * *
Women would soon tire of men if
men were as good as the women think
they should bc.
* * *
The feminine idea of a popular woman   is  one  who  has   an  interesting
secret to tell.
* * *
Some men make fortunes out of
old things and others starve trying
to invent new things.
* * *
A woman dislikes to find her first
gray hair almost as badly as a man
dislikes to part with his last one.
* * *
It is tiie rankest kind of folly for
a man to expect the world to grow
better until he begins to notice improvement in himself.
* * *
Lucky is the boy who has a plain,
hard-fisted father who is afflicted
with a generous supply of horse sense.
FUN   AND   FROLIC
It would bc good business. Only aow
do we fully realize the part which
nickel plays in the nations' lives.
But the capital invested in the nickel industry must have fair treatment.
There must not bc confiscation without adequate compensation. It is not
unreasonable to suppose that our governments could make a purchase ar-
raangement satisfactory to the nickel
interests, to the nation and to the Empire. While the financing of such a
deal presents difficulties in war times,
it may properly be regarded as a war
measure, and the financing might be
accomplished jointly by the governments directly concerned. Thc war is
changing the stereotyped views of old,
and for substantial reasons. What
may have appeared a comparatively
unimportant question in the days of
Mowat is a vital matter in the days
of Borden, Hearst and Asquith. It is
fair to assume that thc nation will be
at the back of our governments in any
comprehensive nickel policy they can
frame for the benefit of the British
Empire, an empire whose eyes have
been opened to the grip which Germany has had of things wc thought we
owned. The measures by which it is
now proposed to deal with this question arc a step in the right direction
but not Sufficiently far-reaching.���
Monetary Times.
* * *
CITY IS INSIDE ITS ESTIMATES
The financial condition of thc city
is shown by the statement compiled
by the city accounting department for
the receipts and expenditures of the
first seven months of the year, ending
July 31, 1916, and it indicates that the
council is keeping within the estimated expenditure for the year.
The finance committee with an estimated expenditure of $213,876.77 has
a balance for thc remaining five
months of $74,600.61. Finance grants
of $147,900 have paid out $82,418.00.
The Hastings Park grant has been
almost used up. It was for $5000, and
a balance of $758.42 remains. The exhibition being over, this amount, it is
estimated, will be ample for the requirements. The board of works
shows a balance of $147,292.70 out of
a total of $304,245.45. The scavenging
department has expended $41,567.38
out of a total of $74,992.75.
In the waterworks department approximately only half of the estimated
expenditure has been used, a balance
of $59,243.17 remaining out of a total
of $119,316. The fire department has
spent $129,684.79 out of $229,403.00,
while the police department has cost
so far $148,992.80 of its allowance of
nd  the  amount for the next month
rill bc greatly increased.
An eminent surgeon performed an
operation and a medical student at
the college asked him:
"What did you operate on that man
for!*"
Eminent Surgeon���"Five hundred
dollars."
Student ��� "I mean what did he
j have?"
Eminent   Surgeon���"Five   hundred
dollars."
*  * *
''Wc need to bc taught," says Lady
Cowdray, "that it is not degrading to
work;" no, but we've always regarded
it as an inconvenience.
The future is dark for those who
are not prepared. Prepare now for
a good position at the Success Business College, cor. 10th Ave. and Main
St., Vancouver.
"Anythin' doin'?" asked one knight
of the road of a companion whom he
had seen coming from a house across
the street.
"Naw, 'Taint worth while to ask
there. I only peeked in the window;
but it's a plain case of a poverty-
stricken family. Why, there's actually two women in there playing
on the same piano!"
* * *
A young Swede appeared at the
county judge's office and asked for.
a license.
"What kind of license?" asked the
judge.    "A  hunting  license?"
"Xo." was the answer.    "Aye tank
aye bane hunting long enough.    Aye
want marriage license."
*' * *
Thc scapegoat son of an affluent
tradesman came to the end of his resources recently, and set home a piteous appeal for funds, adding that' if
help were not forthcoming, he.and his
wife would be driven to the workhouse.
The reply was crushing. It came in
the shape of a laconic telegram:
"As you have made your bed, so
must you lie on it."
But the quick-witted scapegrace was
equal to the occasion. Without a moment's delay he wired back:
"Haven't got a bed. Bailiffs took it
yesterday."
A substantial cheque followed in due
course.
SAVE
YOUR
MONEY
FOR THE
Dominion War Loan
TO BE ISSUED IN SEPTEMBER.)
By purchasing a bond you will help
to WIN THE WAR and obtain for
yourself an investment of the highest
class yielding a most attractive rate
of interest
DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE/
OTTAWA.-
���  An^ EIGHT
liu Stanton***
BY EXPRESS
100 Navy Blue English Clay Worsted
Norfolk Men's and Young Men's Suits���
every Suit guaranteed fast color.
Sizes 33 to 40. & 1 /? ��ft
Special Price J? 10.OU
WM. DICK, Ltd.
TWO     STORES
33   and   47-49   HASTINGS   EAST
IMPROVED SERVICE
B.C. Electric Express
Pick-Up and Delivery for Fraser Valley Consignments
All express consigned from points on the Fraser
Valley line by our double daily fast express service is
now delivered to the consignee in Vancouver without
additional charge.
All express from Vancouver consigned to points on thc Fraser
Valley line and New Westminster is also collected free.upon receipt
of telephone message, by Local Freight Agent, Seymour 5000.
ExprcssleavesVancouver8a.nl. aud 1.45 p.m.; arrives 12.30 noon
and 5.45 p.m.
Carrall and Hastings
Phone Seymour 5000
Fun and Frolic
Freddie vvas a great adjmirer of
Charlie Chaplin, and one Saturday as
lie returned from the matinee he said,
crawling into his mother's lap, "Mama, when Charlie Chaplin dies and
God sees him coming, won't God
laugh "
, * * *
During a city election in New York
a bunch of trained repeaters marched
into an East Side polling-place'.
"What name?" inquired the election clerk of the leader, who was red-
haired and freckled and had a black
eye.
The voter glanced down at a slip of
paper in his band.   "Isodore Mende
heitn," he said.
"NEVER TOUCHED BY HUMAN
HANDS"
Safe for Babies
In these days when germs aud dis
eases arc flying round so much, seek
ing poor, innocent babies, mothers
5nnst bc on guard. The care and feeding of the baby and young children
must be more thorough than ever.
Particular attention must be taken to
save baby from the dangers that lurk
at every turn. Take up the question
of baby's milk, you mothers. Investigate your present milk supply. Do not
be content until you are certain you
are giving your little children a clean,
safe, rich wholesome germ-free milk
���such a milk as we supply���Sou-Van
Milk.
SOU-VAN MILK
is scientifically handled ��� perfectly
pasteurized and clarified���sent out to
you in sterilized bottles���the clean,
safe, fresh milk. Same price as ordinary milk.
RICH    CREAM
A great many summer dainties can
be prepared easily, quickly and cheaply when you use Sou-Van Cream���a
delicious, thick, vyholesome product
now popular among our customers.
Price, per half-pint 10c
SOUTH VANCOUVER
MILK CO.
Scientific Dairymen,
29TH AVENUE AND FRASER
PHONE FAIR. 2624
"That's not your real name and you
know it!" said a suspicious challenger
for a reform ticket.
"It is me name," said the repeater,
"and I'm goin' to vote under it���
see?"
From down the line came a voice:
"Don't let that guy bluff you, Casey.
Soitinly your name is Mendelheim!"
* * *
"My plate is damp," complained a
traveller who was dining in a London
hotel.
"Hush!" whispered his wife. "That's
your soup. They serve small portions
in war time."
* * *
Retired painter and decorator���to
artist commisioned to paint his daughter's portrait:
"And none o' your slapdash painting for me; three coats mind yer."
* * *
Among the local items in a French
newspaper not long ago appeared the
following:
"There was found in the river this
afternoon the body of a soldier cut
to pieces and sewed up in a sack.
The circumstances seem to preclude
any suspicion of suicide."
�� * *
Physician���From this brief examination I am of the opinion that you
are suffering from clergyman's sore
throat.
Patient���The hell you say.
Physician (hastily)���But it is quite
possible I'm wrong. I will look a-
gain.
* * *
"One of our judges, famed for his
chivalry and uncompromising loyalty
to the traditions of procedure, was
trying a case in which one of the witnesses happened to be a local actress
of unusual popularity," said Colonel
Riker, of Harrodsburg, Kentucky.
"Her evidence was such that the usual question as to her age was not
likely to be omitted, so when she
came to the stand his Honor instructed the court clerk to suspend action
for a moment; then he addressed the
lady.
" 'Madam, how old are you?'"
" 'Twenty-five,' " promptly returned
the witness, who was plainly thirty-
five or over,
"'Very well,'" said the judge, politely. " 'I asked, you that question
because, if I hadn't, it would surely
have been asked you when the attorney for the defence cross-examined
you. And, now that you have told
your age, do you swear to tell the
truth, the whole truth, and nothing
but the truth?'"
SATURDAY, AUGUST 26, 1916
Contents
Page
INTRODUCTION BY SIR CHARLES HIBBERT TUPPER    4
TAINTED AT THE FOUNTAIN HEAD    5
THE DIFFICULTIES OF A BUSINESS GOVERNMENT    8
THE CURSE  OF  PATRONAGE    9
THE OLD TIME GAMBLER..  13
THE SKULL AND CROSS BONES OF RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION..... 15
HOW B. C. RESCUED FOLEY, WELCH & STEWART  20
THE GOVERNMENT SHIPBUILDING  LEGISLATION  24
SOLDIERS AND THE LAND SETTLEMENT PROBLEM  28
THE LIQUOR PROBLEM���REFORM OR PROHIBITION  30
GAMBLING WITH PROHIBITION    34
THE GREAT PLUGGING CONSPIRACY  38
PLUGGING���THE  BASTARD  OF  POLITICAL  PATRONAGE......... 41
THE  FINANCIAL  SITUATION  44
POLITICAL  PEREGRINATIONS  47
BUSINESS AND THE POLITICAL SITUATION   48
OUR STANDARD OF POLITICAL EQUALITY    50
ORDER
TODAY
a "" s " h
For sale at Forsyth's Book
Store, corner of Hastings and
Homer, the Standard Office
426 Homer, or at any news
stand.
M

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