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The Saturday Chinook Jan 22, 1916

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Array SATOROAVQCHINOOK
VANCOUVER BRITISH ^^W COLUMBIA pa mafia
VANCOUVER
Vol. IV, No. 37���Established 1911
COLUMBIA
SATURDAY, JANUARY 22, 1916
CANADA
Price Five Cents
jeOITORIAL OPINIONS:
GEORGE   M.   MUIIRAV
Editor
"The (rulli at all llmin firmly hIiiiiiIh
And ahall from age to ��(te endure."
THE PACIFIC AND GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY.
IT is apparent from the inspired articles in the daily |
press that Mr. Bowser is going to give to the promoters of the Pacific and Great Eastern Railway the
six and a half million dollars they crave. Mr. Bowser I
is going to relent from the stand he took when he abused
Sir Richard for wanting to give ihis sum over to the con-
iractors.
Here goes six an da half miljion dollars uf the people's
niuney into the laps of a crowd uf exploiters who haven't
put in real cash much more than as many thousands into
this road.
That there is a need for tbe road tu the Peace River, nu
��� me questions. That it should lie completed right away.
nu one disputes.
WHERE IS TIIE JUSTICE OF BUILDING THE
ROAD ON TIIE PEOPLE'S MONEY AND THEN"
GIVING THE ROAD AWAY TO A CROWD OF
.-PECULATORS WHO HAVE PUT NOTHING INTO
IT WHATSOEVER, SAVE THE PRICE OF ADVERTISING FOR TENDERS ON CONSTRUCTION,
BOAT FARE, OFFICE RENT AND POSTAGE
STAMPS���AND MONEY FOR BUYING UP A CERTAIN SECTION OF THE PRESS AND ENTERTAINING BOGUS STATESMEN?
IS IT ANOTHER PRIVATEERING VOYAGE?
HAVING   played   to   the   limit     the   grabbing  of   the
people's  money  through  the  medium  of bonusing
railroad  contractors,  is  it  lo bc  the  policy  uf  the
Government of this Province to use the bonusing uf shipbuilding contractors as a new means of translating monies
from the public purse tu the private pockets?
Let  us  hope   that  such  is  not  the  case  and  that  Mr.
DR. MATTHEWS, OF SEATTLE.
The evening of January 25th���Tuesday next���will be a night long to be remembered in thc history of British
Columbia. The campaign fur a dry Province which has been carried on with such energy during the past few
months will be taken up with renewed force following a banquet uf business men which will bc addressed by Dr.
Matthews, of Seattle, one uf the greatest public speakers in the Northwest. It is expected that 600 people will
sit down at he board which will be spread in Dominion Hall. Already tickets by the dozens have gone out to
Victoria, New Westminster, Nanaimo and other points throughout the Province. It is understood that a few
more tickets are available and may bc had on application lu Mr. A. R. Dingman, who is in charge of ihe reception
committee, whose office is at Prohibition headquarters. 703-706 Rogers Building.
service to thc Province.
We  have  pleasure  in  publishing  this   week
article j ASHMEAD-BARTLETT���FAKIR.
, Maybe he ponders over the evidences of the terrible car-
from  the pen of Mr. Bram Thompson  dealing with the | _ HERE was such a pack aUhe Canadian CUtb luncheon I "^ -hid, had been wrought at this place.    For in this
.ship-building policy of tbe Government.    Mr. Thompson's     I
article which  appears on  the  next page,  should  be  read |   *
,       ,, ., iii i r      .i     : . i a ticket, were obliged to wait in the outer chamber
by all lliiisc people who have regard for the future wel-        .,        ,     . , 	
, ,,     r) ,,     ....      , ,       .  ���  , i until such   time  as  thc  company  had   broken   bread   with
Hire of the Province.    .Air.  1 hompson speaks plainly upon '     J .
! thc guest of honor.    In due season we were let into the
a subject upon which he is exceedingly well informed.
The  SATURDAY  CHINOOK invites  correspondence
upon  the question  of ship-building  from both those who
favor and those who oppose the Government in the pres-l
cut  undertaking.    We   hope   to  publish  further  articles
upon the question from Mr. Thompson. i
this week that we, win, had made nu.arrauge-iru-ut for   neighborhood 29.000. Australians gave up their lives for thc
Empire, for freedom.
Gen. Maxwell, Gen. Albors, Gen. Mlinro, then in command at the Dardanelles���these men are mere boys beside
the great Kitchener.
And as one examines these pictures closely one wonders
how it is that Kitchener stands up under the awful responsibilities he carries. In Vancouver men who undergo
the pain of losing a few thousands of dollars sometimes
! gallery.    We  were annoyed at  first  lest  we  might  miss
| one    word    from    the    great      newspaper
dent,  but  when  Ashmead-Bartlett
ipctl
corresponds     lips     all
For Ashmead
has a mighty voice of brass.    Had we remained  in  the
billiard   room  of  the   Hotel   Vancouver   we  could   have J suffer  ill  health  and  become  broken  down.    There
as distinctly as from  the  railing
heard  the  young  l
j of the gallery.
While  Ashmead
the recruiting officers on Hastings and Main Streets were
busy and the brass band of their department was on par-
was  speaking  at   the   Canadian   Club
CONSTITUTIONAL JERRYMANDERING.
SIR Charles Hibbert    'flipper asks his erstwhile coadjutor, the editor of the News-Advertiser, a question,
adroitly framed, concerning the Constitutionality of. a,",7 "U'hik, Asnmcad was bawling out his reasons for
the resignation of Mr. Turner, the agent-general of this believing that the whole jolly war was being frightfully
Province in London. We regard that as we are just going bungled by the British generals, the
to press, we cannot discuss in detail the flagrant violation WCre enrolling new recruits for Overseas,
of the most vital principles of representative government, T|u. ,,lnnv part ,���- it |8 t)lat Ashmead should have thc
by the autocratic caucus at Victoria, or in fact by the j p0|ite attention and much applause from the leading men
inner cave of thai caucus, viz.. Sir Ricard McBride and Lf Vancouver, several hundred of whom were al the
Mr. "W. J. Bowser.   Ir this act alone these two men have  |uncheon.    It would seen, that there arc men  in  Van-
shown how everything has been prostituted to political
ends, Even constitutional government bad to succumb to
lhe overtopping load of graft, chicanery and corruption.
Shortly, the resignation is not a resignation but a con-
litional offer made to two members of the Government
that he would retire from his position upon certain terms.
These terms were, and are, such as these two members
had no right to accept. They could al best receive then,.
and present them to the Legislature iu the turn, ul" a bill
to amend the Agent General Act, 19Q1,
Cn such a bill passing into la"', Turner's resignation
would become an accomplished fact. The position thus
would be vacant, and not till then would Sir Richard
McBride be eligible for the appointment which had been
ostensibly conferred upon him as a quid pro quo lur
clearing the way for Mr. Bowser's accession to the
Premiership.
If by any chance of circumstances���if tl.c Legislature
fur .nee assumed the role of representative; of the people.
1 ��� lead of being automatons recording the behests of an
aiisterjj Nabob���the bill failed to pass, then, Turner still
Would hold his position; for his conditional resignation
would be void; and Sir Richard McBride might return to
ihe Province to claim restoration to the Premier's pedestal from which he had been expelled or which he had surrendered through listening to Bowser's bamboozle.
The effrontery with which the manipulation has been
Presented as a genuine transaction is revolting, particularly when we know���the writer of this note knows out
"f McBride's own lips���that Turner's resignation has been
1 Hie tapis for two years, and McBride has been using
" as a- stick to keep his reactionaries in order. But alas!
Sir Richard has found it a broken reed.    Alas!
couver  who  would  cheer the   Devil if he  were a guest
at a Canadian Club luncheon.
Ashmead did his bit in behalf of the Kaiser and passed
ini to Australia and New Zealand where he will lecture
on the great war, lie will tell ih'.' Australians how
their boys were led to certain slaughter by Ian Hamilton
and will rattle the dry bones which lie iu the sun on the
Gallipoli  Peninsula for Australian money,
w
ANOTHER DOMINION TRUST VICTIM.
MR. John Armstrong, a pioneer, who conducted a
grocery at the comer of Fraser Street and River
Road, on the route to Ladner, is dead. Ile was a
few years ago considered to bc a very wealthy man. lie
owned large interests in Vancouver and along the North
Arm of the Fraser. He was a public-spirted citizen who
had worked hard all his life and had done much for the
development of Vancouver and British Columbia. Mr.
Armstrong lost heavily by the failure of the Dominion
'rust 'Company, in which concern he was a depositor.
Business worries brought on ill health.
MORE BEANS AND LESS SCENERY.
ILL some one kindly come forward and explain
why the completion of a railroad from North Vancouver to Squamish is a necessity at this time?
The survey to Squamish runs along the edge of the
warn,, pleasant waters of the Salt Chuck. Upon the Salt
Chuck, great bunks upon political economy tell us,
freighting is cheaper than upon railroads. The Government of the United Slates bet several hundred million dollars that this was so when they builded the Panama Canal.
Here is a situation where we arc building a grade upon
the edges of cliffs and in stomachs of vast mountains at
the cost of a hundred thousand a mile in some places���
just to run a line from North Vancouver to Squamish.
The road is completed now to Horse Shoe Bay. It is a
scenic marvel. But we want more beans and less scenery
in this country.
[cases of men killing themselves simply because a couple
of hundred thousand dollars' worth of their property In-
jadvertently fell into the clutches oi thc sheriff.
Some Vancouver people suffer ill health owing to our
"beastly" climate. One leading business man, who met a
friend of ours in San Francisco, pleaded that he had "to
get out of Vancouver for a lime in order to get awav from
recruiting oficers|(he 1|u,(, ������ Thcse lhiys everyone seems to be sick. There
is grip ,'��� the air.
Let us return i" a contemplation of the physical points
of Earl Kitchener.
Under all abuse, worry, mental and physical strain,
change ol climate, diet and governments, with carping
politicians annoying him here and blackmailing newspaper
attacking him their; with a million or so of men depending upon old Kitchener, he stands up with his chcsl high,
his hips back and hi* head up. the greatest man in Britain.
His secret?
lie lives right, ih sleeps right, He doesn't make his
insides green smoking cigarettes, lie doesn't sit down to
the big dincurs with the gay companies and crowd liis
Stomach with a I"' of trash, lie cats simply, indulges in
those exercises which make for cleanliness within and
without the'body, lie cuts put the booze. Kitchener get*
enough exhilaration oul of life will,out resorting to the
alcohol can. Manly, soldierly exercises of the bod" keep
his blood shooting through his veins in the healthy manner ordained by nature, and the more brain-work you pile
upon a man in ibis condition the mure efficient his brain
becomes.
.And so you have a real man who is always awake and
alert, who duesn't fall down���a man who seems to be at
once the world's greatest military organizer and civil
administrator.
experienced and capable official who has been advanced
because of his merit.
Nineteen  sixteen should be a great year in  the life of
\ ancouver.
WELL DONE, ALBERTA!
NEWS from Calgary is to the effect that  not a single
wounded soldier who has returned to Alberta, and
who is physically -fife is out of a job.    Either work
has been provided for him. or a job is waiting for him to
take when he is ready.
Secretary Howard Stutchbury, of the Provincial Hospitals Commission, made this announcement to the Canadian Club executive at Calgary, and the statement was
received   with   every   manifestation   of   approval Mr
Stutchbury said that many of the returned soldiers had
been employed as guards on public buildings, military
establishments and the internment camps, and also that
the civil service had absorbed a considerable number who
were able to do clerical work and were fit For such posi-
tions as doorkeepers, janitors and elevator  men.
I" caring for the returned heroes Alberta seems to
have dune much better than British Columbia. Only
yesterday we were accosted on Hastings Street by a
man who had been injured at Festuber.t,
This man was begging for nickels.
When we consider the waste and extravagance of the
Canadian Government in such matters as the War Contracts and the carelessness along the entire line in the
expenditure of public monies, it makes one feel the poor
hero-mend.cant isn't getting a square deal.
We are a wonderfully humane people in some parts
ot Canada. How we shed tears for our soldier dead' But
when they come back to us busted up. lame, half blind,
wheezing from the soaking of German gas, surely we
should be able to muster up for them a sufficient 'stake
to keep then,  from the necessity of begging.
BY THE WAY
THE FACT THAT B. C. has forwarded a shipment of
onions to the front strengthens the impression that an
early offensive movement againsl the enem
plated.
icniy is content-
JACK FROST IS doing good work in killing the germs,
and Jack Canuck is doing his share in disposing of the
Germans.
.   *    *    *
THE  "ALSli   RAN" entries  in   ,|,e  recent  civic  race are
almost as lengthy and exciting as a Chinese play.
* * *
WHENEVER THERE IS a lull in local police circles it
is always in order to raid a Chinese gambling joint."
EASTERN RESIDENTS OF the Coast are looking forward with cheerful expectancy to the early arrival of an
old but almost forgotten friend of their youth, one January   Thaw.
SEATTLE UNDERTAKERS REPORT business brisk
"'" �� aIcoho1 With "coffin varnish" chasers swells the
casualty   lists.
THERE ARK ENOUGH sleek, well-fed "Dicks" on -he
Vancouver force to police a city the size of Toronto,   Half
iot them would be doing their country bettei service if they
I were ill harness or the trenches.
THE SURVIVING MEXICAN villains arc now pursuing
Villa. K
IF PRESIDENT WILSON could convert his diplomatic
notes into cash the navy could add. another dreadnaughl
to   the   fl.-. t.
| IT IS SURPRISING that a staunch Imperialist like Sir
Richard McBride could nol find a school within the Empire   where   his  children   could   be  educated   without  pat-
| ronizing a  Boston college.
CONSIDERING THE PREVAILING temperature, A&
miral Tisdale of the proposed B. C wooden  fteel would
be quite justified in using the popular nautical expletive,
K. OF K., THE BIG, CLEAN, SILENT SOLDIER.
? ORD Kitchener bears upon his shoulders today, and
y . has borne for the past two years, heavier responsibilities possibly, than any other living man in the world.
When the war broke out we remember seeing photographs and snapshots of the great Kitchener. In those
days he was a tall, broad shouldered, narrow waistcd,
graceful man, apparently in tbe pink of condition.
There is before us a copy of the CANADIAN COURIER, of Toronto, a well-illustrated weekly, and there is a
page here devoted to photographs of Kitchener on the
Gallipoli. In one corner, he is shown, shaking the hand
of Gen. Sarrail, the Frenchman. He has to bend down to
reach the little general's hand. Next he is shown in the
trenches, and he is bead and shoulders taller than his companions. He is shown inspecting one of the abandoned
forts where the Turks had been. Here is the tall, well
balanced, fit looking soldier.    His head is slightly bowed.
MAYOR McBEATH STARTS RIGHT IN.
M
R Malcolm McBeath, Vancouver's new mayor, is
starting in right. The first matter which will
come to his hand is the cleaning up of the frazzled
edges of the railroad company contracts between the various corporations and the city  of Vancouver.
lu thc oast there has been a disposition of the City
Hall authority to play fast and loose with the railroad
hoys. The result has been that neither the Great Northern nor the Canadian Northern have made any effort to
live up to the letter of their agreements With the city.
Mayor McBeath. temperance man as he is. will also
direct his energies at an early date to an investigation
ol certain phases of the liquor traffic in this city. There
arc certain rowdj* joints which masquerade under the
name of hotels which will conic under the investigation
of the new Mayor. These places should be put out of
business and His Worship will have the hearty support
bu*! i thc best people of Vancouver in the task- of letting
light and air into some of Vancouver's pest spots.
Mayor McBeath is backed up by one of tbe strongest
Councils  Vancouver  has ever elected.    He himself is an
TACOMA OFFICIALS ARE enforcing the new "dry"
] law so strictly that lhe boys arc afraid to venture down
| to the rinks carrying skates.
*    *    *
WE WELCOME THE shipment from the prairies of
their No. 1 hard wheat, but must protest against the
sample of winter weather they are exporting this way at
present.
\\ HITE SPATS ARE as common in Vancouver as real
estate   agents iu the boom days.
*    *    *
WHEN WOMEN ARE elected to the Manitoba legislature, the male members will have to pay more attention to
the cut and drape of their Coonskin   overcoats.
IT IS SAID that in Cripple Creek. Cactus Centre and
Lcadville. in the State of Colorado, there was a time when
if a man was plugged, he bled whiskey. These towns are
now in the Dry Belt.
DESPITE THE OPTIMISM of the leaders of the Pro-,
hibition Movement, Vancouver will never go dry���in
winter time. two
SATURDAY    CHINOOK
SATURDAY,   JANUARY   22,   191C
THE SATURDAY CHINOOK
Published every Saturday nt the Chinook Printing* House,
42(i Homer Street. Vancouver.
Telephone   	
.Seymour  470
Registered   at   the   Post   Office   Department,   Ottawa,   as
Second Class Mail  Matter.
Sl 1IS< HII'TION    IIATISS
To all points in Canada, United Kingdom, Newfoundland,
New Zealand and other Hritish Possessions:
$1.00
Postage to American. European ana other foreign countries
$1.00 per year extra.
The Saturday Chinook  will  be  delivered  to any  address
in Vancouver or vicinity at ten cents a month.
Member ol' the Canadian Press Association.
The Saturday Chinook circulates .throughout Vancouver
and the cities, towns, villages and Settlements throughout
British Columbia. in politics the paper is Independent
Liberal.    We do not accept liquor advertisements.
Publishers Greater Vancouver Publishers, Limited.
WESTERN WEALTH.
How seldom, in referring to the vast natural wealth of
this Western part of Canada, do we find reference made
to the food supply of our lakes and rivers? As a matter
of fact we have a reserve food surplus in these waters
of ours capable of feeding millions. And in a short time
we expect to have opened to us the great salt water fisheries of Hudson Bay. But, as Hon. J .D. Hazen. K.C..
minister of fisheries, said in a recent address on Canadian
fisheries, too little advertising has been done, consequently our citizens are not. even moderate fish eaters.
They do not fully appreciate the muscle and mind building qualities of fish.
In order to make an early start in the New Year and
endeavor to do our little part as a newspaper in advertising our fisheries, we propose to quote from Mr. Hazen.
Taking a wide survey at the outset we arc told that Canadian fisheries are the most extensive in the world. . . .
Off tbe Pacific coast we have by far the richest and
largest halibut fishery in the world. Thc deep seas there
are also stocked with many other excellent varieties of
food fish, and along the shore line there are over seven
thousand miles of coast waters into which flow such
large glacier-fed rivers as the Fraser, Skeena, Xaas and
others, up which every year swarm countless thousands
of five different kinds of salmon.
In addition to our sea fisheries, we have over 220,000
square miles of fresh waters, most of which are abundantly stocked with excellent fish, the supply of which is
being kept up by our hatcheries.
The annual value of the fisheries now runs from about
$31,000,(100 to about $.14,000,000, depending on the extent
of thc salmon run to the Pacific rivers. In the Fraser
river, there is a big run every four years, and in the
three succeeding years thc run to that river is on a
sliding scale.
The approximate total, marketed value of all kinds of
fish, fish products and marine animals taken by Canadian
fishermen from the sea and inland rivers and lakes during
the fiscal year ended March .11, 1915, amounted to $.11,-
057,550, the value of lhe fisheries of each province being
as  follows:
British   Columbia    $11,487,312
Nova   Seotia        7,7.10,191
Xew   Brunswick       4,940,083
i Ontario     '     2,600,000
Prince   Edward   Island        1,201,666
Manitoba   	
, Saskatchewan   	
' Alberta   	
Yukon    	
825,417
1.12.017
86,659
69,775
for such fish is limited, and is being adequately suppliei
each year; hut Canada itself should afford an exceeding!*
large and continuously growing market for the product!
of the  fishermen.
W'e live in the north temperate zone, where fish are in
greater abundance anil of heller quality than in the
southern waters, and where, consequently, they should
form an important portion of the daily food supply of lhe
people. That the day is coming when such will be the
case, ami when there will lie a steady and rapid growth
of the fishing industry, is evidenced by the development
that bas taken place in recent years in the fresh and
mildly-cured fish business in this country. While this
development has been a rapid one, it is merely a fraction
of what there is room for.
It is not surprising (hat in this new country, with its
unsurpassed agricultural resources, and. until recently,
wilh butcher's meat readily available in all portions of it
at moderate prices, there has been little demand, away
from the immediate water fronts, for fish; hut a result
of this condition is that the Canadian-born population
has grown up without a taste for fish, and what is worse,
with little knowledge of our fisheries and of the value
of fish as a food. Even more unfortunate is the fact that
comparatively few housewives have learned how to cook
fish so as to make it attractive and tasty, and at the
same time to maintain, and what may bc readily done,
even enhance its food value.
It is of the utmost importance that people should
speedily become informed of the excellence of fish as a
food, as well as of its palatahility, and of the fact that
with the transportation facilities now availab'c, it is
quite practicable to lay fresh fish, smoked fish, etc., down
in practically all parts of the country in as good condition as when shipped  from the starting point.
There seems to be a widespread opinion tllat fish
is not a nourishing food, and that, consequently, it may
not, with safety to health and strength, replace meat to
any large cxent. Thc sooner this impression is dispelled,
the better. Not only is fish, like meat, rich in nitrogenous
food���that is, food wdiich supplies the body with the
strength to do its work and builds up its tissues, but
docs not go to the supplying of fat and heat���hut high
medical authorities advise that it cannot be too strongly
insisted on, that for working people of all classes���those
who work with the ir heads as well as those whb work
with their hands���fish is an economical source of the
energy they require to enable them to carry on their
work, and it furnishes the very materials that children
and young persons need to enable them to grow healthy
and strong.
How much more economical it is as a supplier of the
bodily needs than meat, keeping in view the price that
has to be paid for each, is little appreciated. Without
going into the analysis of the different kinds of butcher's
meat and fish, it may be stated in a general way, that fish
is only about two per cent, poorer in nitrogenous constituents than meat; but on account of its greatly cheaper
price, it is a much more economical food than meat. For
instance, if dressed cod���fish with the entrails removed���
can be purchased for eight cents per pound, beefsteak
would need to be sold at eight and one-half cents per
pound to be as cheap a source of nourishment. If fresh
haddock can be bought for eight cents per pound, fresh
mutton would require to sell at seven cents to he as
cheap a food. If halibut sells at sixteen cents p -r pound,
frash pork would need to sell at slightly less than fifteen
cents to bc as economical a food, as halibut is even richer
in nitrogen  than  meats.
In the midst of all the addresse of politicians that contain nothing nourishing, it will be admitted that these
quotations from Mr. Hazen's speech are not alone interesting, but instructive. What he has said should set
people a-thinking���the women as well as the men, for it
is a fact of thc household that the education of our
cookery folks with respect to the preparation of fish has
been sadly neglected, hence the indifference of so many
people if they never see fish even on a Friday.���Winnipeg
Tribune.
CANADA'S DUTY IN THE GREAT WAR.
MEN  WANTED, NOT  OFFICERS.
RIGHTEOUS INDIGNATION.
()i this amount the sea fisheries contributed $27,170,483
and the inland fisheries $3,887,067.
The fishing industry now gives employment to almost
94,000 people, over 84,000 of these being engaged in lhe
sea fisheries,
To carry on thc fisheries, 282 steam vessels. 1.326
sailing ami gasoline vessels, 431 carrying smacks and
3S,05S boats are employed. Of the boats, 9,2dl are now
fitted with gasoline engines.
There is now invested in fishing gear, vessels, etc.,
about $24,500,000, over $22,000,000 being invested in the
sea fisheries.
While the fisheries are now one of the industries of
first importance to the country, their present value ami
importance arc merely an index of what they can ami
will be made in the next few years.
While it is true that the fisheries are now worth from
$31,000,000 to $36,000,000 annually, and not so many years
ago their value was less than $20,000,000, the fact remains
that this increase is practically altogether due to the
phenomenal development of the salmon and halibut fisheries of the Pacific coast, and of the fresh water fisheries.
Now, what is the cause of this non-progression in the
Atlantic fisheries? It certainly is not due to any failure
or shortage in thc supply, nor to the necessity of going
greater distances to make catches, nor to the need of
considerable capital to engage in the industry. The supply
of fish in our waters is as great as it ever was, and the
fact that in the European waters, where fishing is so
intensively prosecuted by all the countries bordering
thereon, during every month in the year, there is no sign
of depletion, is an evidence that we have little to fear
in that direction.
The whole difficulty in Canada is the question of demand. The great bulk of the fish on the Atlantic coast is
being sold in a salted and dried condition.    The market
Repeatedly, .he Tribune has endeavored, in as mild a
.vay as possible, to curb the tOQ apparent desire of well-
intentioned, patriotic young citizens lo jump into positions of military command, while the crying need is for
able-bodied, high-spirited young fellows to shoulder a
rifle, and take their pari unostentatiously in the greal
work of defense tliat ihe nation and the Empire throws
'i, lhe shoulders of the younger elements, One of our
local writers on news military says:
"Including the 500 nun who will lake lhe officers'
training course in W'inipeg this month there arc said to
be enough officers in sight in Military District N'o. 10
to supply fifty new battalions. From twenty-one to
twenty-live officers are required for each battalion. There
are a the present time scores of new officers who have
been unable to secure tlieir commissions, and the officers
in charge of the new schools are smothered with applications from men who want to be "somebody" in the war
game.
"An interesting phase of the situation is that the various
regiments are adding very materially to their regimental
funds as a result of the rush. It is first necessary for a
prospective officer to become attached to a regiment, and
be recomemuded by lhe officer comamuding. To do this
he must contribute a fee of $25.00 to the officers' mess.
ll is the opinion of military officers tllat the young
men would be giving their country better service by
entering the ranks, and working up to thc desired position
by practical efficiency.
Many of our old-fashioned military rules, drawing
severe and unnecessary distinction between privates and
non-coms, and the commissioned officers account for the
desire of so many young men to be in the swim for the
higher-ups in thc service It is just a title tiresome for
the brainy, able-bodied young fellow in the ranks, fired
with enthusiasm to do his bit for bis country, to bc
touching his cap half-a-dozen times within the space of
a block to, perhaps, young chaps who have not had the
nerve to take their chances in the ranks, and who are on
the waiting list for something to turn up, while others
are roughing it in true soldierly style.���Winnipeg Tribune.
May wc inquire how much longer Messrs. Flumerfell
Tisdall and Campbell are going to retain their cabinet
positions without ascertaining if the public are satisfed
to have them there? It is now a month since they were
sworn in and it was anticipated then thai writs for bye
elections would be issued without delay. No word or
sign as to Mr. Bowser's intentions has come from Kamloops. Evidently he has not made up his mind whether
it would be safer to have a general election at once or
a bye-election. The Liberals are ready for either cour��i
and the longer the Premier hesitates the greater becomes
tlieir confidence that they can defeat the three new ministers. A government suporter makes the stupid suggestion that the opposition fear bye-elections. If Mr.
Bowser thought that, writs would have been issued long
ago. He can easily satisfy himself on the point by taking
tbe plunge.���Vitcoria Times.
BRITAIN  CALLS  FOR REAL MEN.
If the call were for horses it would bc for good horses
���SOUND, STRONG, DEPENDABLE horses.
That is the kind of men they want for war���that kind
and that only.
And that is tlie kind of men the country at peace, as
tbis country is, should consider, because, remember, the
think at stake, always, is the country's FUTURE.
So just what are we doing toward providing good.
sound,  dependable  MEN?
What is our NATIONAL interest in the matter "i
clear, clean minds and strong, healthy bodies for men oi
the present and for generations to come, taking a good
look into the futrue?
What is our NATIONAL interest in the morals of
men and the futures of their wives and children?
What is our NATIONAL environment?
Are lhe boys of today, who are growing to be men,
SAFE?
These questions relating to the economic value of men
sugest tbe great national issue that must soon be determined in tbis country.
The issue is ALCOHOL and the SALOON.���Detroit
Times.
Chinook Printing House
FOUNDED 1886
(Huntingdon Gleaner, Edited by Sellar Brothers.I
Although we have yet to face three months of winter,
which will give us the most intense cold, the fact that we
have pased the turn cf the year, that the sun is niountaing
higher and the days growing longer, gives us more heart
to face what is coming.    Unfortunately, it is not the ordinary  stress  and  strain  of a  Canadian   winter  we  have
this j ear to prepare to bear, but lhe losse and burdens
which war brings.    Looking back, nothing is io he seen
lo give encouragement,   At the best our armies have only
brought the enemy to a  standstill.    Of the operations
carried on at thc several fronts the words of Lloyd George
are true���we have been too slow and too late.    We were
too slow in trying to force the Dardanelles,   What might
have  been  done   three  months  sooner   was   failed   lo  do
in  April.    We  were  too  slow  in   moving  lo  the  aid  of
Serbia, and arrived too late to save that ally.    In  France
there   is   now   no   question   that   slowness   robbed   our
arms of victory at Loos and Feslnbcrt,    We were slow in
providing munitions, and we can see that the same activity  shown  this  winter  would  have  ensured  the  breaking
of thc German lines a year ago.   Xow that there has been
a terrible waking and  shaking up of those to whom thc
conduct of the war is entrusted, we may hope there will
lie a change.   To one branch of lhe defence we look wilh
complete   satisfaction.     The   navy   has   swept   the   seas
of the enemy, and kept his fleet bottled in tbe Kiel canal.
Apart   from   what   his   submarines   effected,   the   enemy
has been powerless on the ocean, and it now looks as if
our sailors had circumvented those watcrsnakes.    While
there  is  nothing  to justify  thc  belief  that  the  war  will
end before long, there arc solid grounds for confidence
that the future will demonstrate  the  superiority of our
arms and that there will be a steady march towards complete victory.    When  a man  by shipwreck  finds himself
plunged in the  sea, he strikes out, his sole aim and effort to save himself.    He does not worry about who was
accountable for the ship being wrecked or what he will
do when he gets on shore.    All the powers of his being
are   centred   in   his   eforts   to   escape   from   his   present
danger.     That   ought   to   be   our   attitude.     The   people
who keep boring us with platitudes about the cause of the
war should hold their peace, and with them those who are
writing  rubbish  as  to  what  Canada   is  going  to  do and
to be after tbe war.      Every energy and every thought
ought  to be  concentrated  upon  carrying on  the  war  in
such a way as to ensure speedy success.    Our country
is in  danger, and Duty demands we turn  neither to  the
right  nor  to  the   left  until  we  have  grappled with   that
danger and overcome it.   The Mother Country is now in
grim earnest.    With  set teeth and unflinching band she
is   grappling  with   the   foe.     Our   faith   in   her   ultimate
victory should not excuse Canada in doing whatever common sense indicates we can do.
The Oldest Printing Office in
Vancouver, ff Formerly the Vancouver World Printing House.
\\\ Located at 426 Homer Street (the
old World Building), in the heart
of the city. *j| Open day and night.
U TELEPHONE SEYMOUR 470
Chinook Printing House SATURDAY,   JANUARY   22,   1916
SATURDAV   CHINOOK
PHREE
OFFICE SPACE
lu a modem, up-to-date fire-proof building. These arc bright,
warm, vell-venlilaled offices, linoleum on floors. Excellent service,
including  light, heal. Janitor,  hot   and cold  water.
North West Trust Company, Limited
Seymour 746,
509  Richards  Street
Bond Investments
Those having funds available will find our list of Municipal
Securities a guide to safe investment W'e offer a variety if
thoroughly safe-guarded bond issues sold to net 6J4 per cent, to
7 1-8, being a charge on all properties within each respective municipality.   Consult our Bond Depl. by mail or in person.
Canadian Financiers Trust Company
Head Office: 839 Hastings Street West. Vancouver, B. C.
P. Donnelly, General Manager.
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Oldest and Largest in Western Canada
Phone: Seymour 7360 Office: 857 BEATTY ST.
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\n incident in the rrvnit civic elections reminds one of an old, old story.
Several boys mn fishing were about
ready to hit the trail fur home. Sup-
pcr was over, and needless to say.
there weir not more than a few
crumbs left after several hungry lads
had been fed. A kettle in which cooking had been done was the last dif-
ficulty of .the day. Every one claimed
it. Finally a plan was hit upon, and
while it was being worked out, the
local preacher of the gospel came
along.
"What's up, hoys?" he asked,
"Evcrj fellow wants the kettle."
answered the spokesman, "so we're
telling lies, and the fellow that tells
the biggest one gets the  kettle."
The minister held up his hands in
horror. "How terrible! Why. hoys.
I never told a lie in my life."
Willi one accord the buys shouted
in chorus, "Ciive the preacher the kettle."
One of the candidates iu the recent
elections made the amazing statement
that he had not told a falsehood since
he was a, small lad. In face of the
above story, and the many who have
heard it before, no one would be surprised to hear that the hack yard of
the gentleman in question is hy this
time, full of kettles.
* *    *
One of the other amazing things
about the recent elections was the
attitude of the daily newspapers. Not
till the last moment did they evince
any interest in the event at all, One
would have thought that Vancouver
elections and Vancouver's daily
moulders of public opinion were removed to distant parts of the earth
from each other, and that the latter
had no part nor parcel with the former. This in spite of the fact that
one would naturally judge that a
city's newspapers, eager to cater to
its readers, would be anxious to pick
up every scrap of local news.
in other years, each newspaper
has had its special candidate which it
hacked to the extent of near-to-life-
size cuts, display headlines and no
end of good advice concerning the
gentleman himself. Said newspaper
would whack the other candidates unmercifully and paint them as black
as printer's ink could make them. Everybody just sidestepped a lawsuit in
order to make out the absolute undc-
sirableness of those men who'dared
oppose the pet candidate.
It was some fun, generally interesting and sometimes instructive in other years round about civic election
times. Not so this year, and while
the plug has been kept pretty secure
ill the barrel of "Inside Information,"
yet one or two leaks have spilled out
a queer little sentence which correctly interpreted might lie meant that
this year's mayorality candidates
would not put up the price, hence the
silence. It is a case where most of
us are doing a lot of thinking.
* *    *
An interesting item in Red Cross
news tells of the Japanese Red Cross,
which 1 doubt not some of us did not
realize existed.    It says:
"Another special feature of Ked
Cross work at Netley was the arrival
and efficient help of a Ked Cross contingent from Japan. They were only
sent out for a year, but as the time
fur their departure draws nigh regret
is mutual on all sides; for the Japanese surgeons have taken tlieir full
share in the working of the hospital,
and the nurses have especially endeared themselves to thc British soldier by their unfailing kindness and
sympathy. The well-known adaptability of the Japanese to circumstances was shown in the fact that the
nurses settled down quickly to their
new work when they were separated
from one another and distributed
among various huts, where they 'each
worked with Hritish colleagues only."
With regard to the East Indians,
this organization says:
"Conspicuous was the success with
which the unexpected arrival of a
greater number of Indian sick and
wounded was met. Of these there
were 512 in all, including Sikhs, Gurkhas. Pathans and Punjabi Musul-
mans; and here again the wide Indian
experience of the comanindant at
Xetley proved invaluable. Only twice
was trouble threatened, when the Indians discovered that the milk was
brought to their wards by European
hands. Fortunately a tactful native
ex-official of the Indian Educational
Department held the post of senior
interpreter and he was able to convince  the  natives  of  the  futility  of
iheir   scruples   and   iheir   refusal   lo
lake the milk  wa- nol repealed.
,'Everything else connected with
the treatment of the Indians was of a
pleasant nature only. The European
staff were delighted with the docility
and gratitude of their brown.charges;
and although some trifling inconvenience and amusement were caused by
the longing of the cured patients to
carry off some souvenir from the
place where they had been so kiiidh
treated, farewells have always been
exchanged with mutual liking and respect. Added to this the returning
Indians have the delight of taking
with them the turbans���too highly
treasured to wear���and the walking
sticks given to them by Queen Alexandra herself, tn lie preserved���as
they said���"as jewels in our families
so that our children and our chil-
dred's children may, like us. be proud
of them and be inspired to serve our
Emperor,"
*   *   *
Have yon been feeding lhe birds
through our cold spell? I hope so.
and that you have had as much I'm,
and pleasure in the doing as we have
at our house.
The first day he came, we mistook
him for a robin, till he turned to us
full-face, and then we saw the fine
black collar he wore, and knew he
was no robin.
He was about the size of a robin,
with a. robin's coat and breast, but
had also saucy red streaks where his
ears shoudl be, and aCwonderful collar
of black feathers around his neck
which shone irridescent in the sunshine. His beak, too, was longer
than a robin's���though I'll be bound
it   was   not  any   sharper.
lie tilted on a branch of our best
cherry tree and looked as if he knew
that folks were made to help a bird
out in snow time, even if said bunch
of feathers did resemble a butter-ball
for roundness. His silent appeal was
irresistable, and a pan of good things
such as a hungry bird might condescend tu eat, were placed where he
could not miss  them.
That young gourmand stuffed till
he could scarcely hold any mure, then
he propped himself in a crotch of the
cherry tree and allowed the chickadees and sparrows to have a  fill.
Then he was gone, but not for
long. Four oilier birds came with
him, and while he "bossed" the lot,
they had no end uf a feed, and nu( till
night drew its first little curtains, did
they really leave that impromptu restaurant.
Next morning as sunt, as the blinds
were raised, Mr. Red-Breast was seen
to be un hand. He stood on one leg.
with his feathers ruffled, and said as
plainly as bird language could say.
that he did not approve of our late
hours, and did we think he-wanted lo
wait all day for breakfast.
Since then the entire flock of near-
robins have been daily and all day
visitors. With them have been a peculiar flock oi black birds which when
in flight are lhe must stunning things
ill black and while effects possible.
They have a head like a fan-tail pigeon, walk like a crow, and produce
the dearesl little "chirr-r-r" oul of
iheir dusky  throats,
Other visitors have been dainty,
saucy chickadees, mere bundles of animated feathers. Several crows have
called hut been promptly shooed un.
And the sparrows we always have
with us.
A loaf uf bread a day, grain, bits of
meat, and any other thing a bird
might fancy have been placed out every day, along with a dish of water.
Meanwhile Patsy, my black and white
cat, has been highly indignant at being kept indoors, and only allowed to
run iu the basement. He sits in the
window and gnashes his teeth at sight
of so much bird flesh that is so near
and yet so far. I sometimes wonder
if seeing them has the same effect on
his teeth that tu think uf a lemon has
on ours.    It looks like it, anyhow.
It is little enough that we can do
to look after our feathered friends in
stress times like we have just passed
through. That they aprpeciate it is
shown by the way they turn up regularly to be fed, and the shy, pretty
way iu which they accept our offerings. Do not forget our bird friends.
���LADY VAX.
The End of a Nightmare
I REM EMBER that a good many years ago I saw a splendid
production of "A Midsummer Night's Dream."    I remember
the glorious joy of Titania when she awoke and found her hideous dream over���and the horror���she threw into the words:
"Melhought I Was enamored of an ass."
South Vancouver has awakened from a night-mare. We can
now appeal "from Philip drunk to Philip sober"���for the whirligig
of time has brought its revenges and we have been afforded another
proof of the wisdom of old Abe Lincoln, who said:
"You can fool some of the people all the lime; you can fool all
the people some of the time, bul you can't fool all the people all the
time." i ���#��.
And now let the dead past bury its dead; let South Vancouver
rise on its dead self to higher things. Mischief has been done by the
past regime of folly and brutality. But no mischief beyond repair.
South Vancouver has elasticity, recuperative power in its constitution,
and if the present council will only be warned by the follies of the
past, if it will only gain the respect, and as a consequence, the support
of the community, then South Vancouver may yet achieve her destiny. One thing must be done���there must be no recriminations
over the past, let that be forgotten as a wise man forgets the horrors l
of a debauch���when he makes up his mind "Never again." To the
ratepayers one word: Hold your souls in patience! Remember the
Council has much to "live down," much to disentangle. It will be
some time before it can get into its "stride." Give ail the support you
can���make it easy to do right, difficult to do wrong���denounce at
once any recrudesence ol rowdyism, should there be such manifestation, and all may yet be well with a Municipality which was
born for greatness���if you will only encourage it to achieve its
destiny. PETER PICKUP.
Building The Ship
There is something picturesquely
fascinating "about the idea of Vancouver taking up ship-building on a large
scale, (ither industries would employ
many "hands." other industries would
under good management "pay," but
the finished product when turned out
could not appeal to the imagination,
could not arouse speculations as tu
futurity���like a ship.
I )ur mind noes back lu the Romance oi Shipbuilding. King Henry,
"the much married." building "The
Great Harry"���one thinks uf Peter
the Great learning shipbuilding at
(lid Deptford, England, and one
thinks oi the little picturesque towns
���such as little Shoreham, England���
lhat grew famous and opulent by the
ship-building industry.
Think <<i the lessons "f good craftsmanship our buys and young men I
would have in seeing a stately ship
grow foui by foot to perfection.
There must be honest work put into
ship-building, no "jerry building," no
"scamping." Good material, good
craftsmanship, fur "when tlu stormy
wind.', do blow," human li'.es and.
lunch valuable freight may be lost if
there has been "shoddy" material ur
"scamped" work in the ship.
Can one not imagine how building
a ship will put Vancouver on its mettle? Can we not hear the shipwright
saying:
".   .    Ere long we will launch
A   vessel  as  goodly  and   strong  and
staunch
As ever weathered a wintry sea."
And then���when the ship is finished
should it not be a gala day for Vancouver? Should not the flags fly and
the bells ring and the guns boon,���
as "The Pauline Johnson"���or some
such beautiful vessel .slides down "the
ways"���and takes to the water as a
waterfowl glides into the  silent lake.
Vancouver ��� prosaic, commercial,
dabbling in "profits on deals"���in
speculation wants to be brought into
touch with the "verities" of human
endeavor. We want to see that labor
can accomplish real work���that the
timber in our forests, the iron in our
mines, the cunning skill of our designers, the skill of our hands, can
produce ships as symmetrical, as
staunch, as true, as ever sailed from
the Thames or the Clyde, and as we
launch���as wc shall launch a noble
ship on to the bosom of our noble
harbor���shall wc not see in it the
symbol of our City, our Province, our
Empire?
"Thou, too, sail on, O ship of state!"
Built staunch and true, manned by
honest, capable men���the ship can
stand against the bufferings of angry-
seas, can avoid the shoals and rocks
��� let us build ships, watch them grow
���launch them with hope���and build
our cily in lhe same noble way. and
ii will -ail on iu Prosperity���
"In spile nf rocks, and tempest's roar,
In spin Of false lights on the shore."
--F. P.
Phone Seymour 9086
Keep Your
Papers
and Valuables safe and secure in
A  Private Deposit  Box
in our Safety Vault
$2.50 PER ANNUM
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and McKay Station, Burnaby
PHONE: 8EY. OOO
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Store to Rent
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C. F. Campbell, Sey. 2431; or
W. J. Stolliday, 42 32nd Ave. E. m
SATURDAY   CHINOOK
SATURDAY,   JANUARY   22
1916
Jingle Pot
coal
Always Mined by Union
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Phone Fair. 2500    Phone High. 226    Phone Fraser 41
Those Who Run May Read
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Weight before immersion 105*^  pounds
Weight after immersion 106     pounds
Difference equals "4-pound of water, or .48 of 1 per cent.
CRUSHING TEST
On thc same pipe after being subjected to the above���crushed
at 29,200 pounds.
DOMINION GLAZED CEMENT PIPE CO., LTD.
Office: Dominion Building, Vancouver, B.C. Phone Sey. 8266
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Cold Weather Poultry Hints
These cold mornings feed Warm CHICKEN CHOP mixed with
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Our special "DRY MASH" is excellent to keep fowls healthy.
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MANGELS are a good substitute for green food, only 60c per
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Keep your fowls busy and healthy by a plentiful supply of Dry)
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THREE STORES-
MOUNT PLEASANT     49TH and FRASER       COLLINGWOOD
Phones: Fair. 186���878 Fraser 175 Coll. 153
The Scenic Highway Across the Continent
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H. W. BRODIE. Gen. Pass. Agent, Vancouver.
fRUHK
RAIL TICKETS TO ALL POINTS
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C. E. Jenney, G. A. P. D.
Phone: Sey. 8134 527 Granville Street
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60 LANSDOWNE AVE. WEST PHONE FAIR. 443���1013
The aftermath to the mad saturnalia of reckless speculation and frenzied finance which well-nigh brought
this Province to Ihc verge of disruption, is now being reaped. This is
fully evidenced by every movement
of the people iu commercial as well
as iu political and economic affairs.
Nowhere is the realization of the
disasters of the infatuated revel of
plunder and blunder more manifest
than aiming the men who turned
aside from the natural and legitimate
line of development���the promoter of
native industries���lo participate in
the sordid whirligigs of the money
manipulators,
While these went joyfully along,
tall structures rose like mushrooms
in a night, and Vancouver and other
cities spread themselves out over
areas which the next 511 or 1(H) years
can see only sparsely occupied. Hut
never once did it seem to occur to the
men whose bank accounts were swelling morning by morning, tnatj everything was false and spurious around
them���a phantasmagoria���or that a
direful retribution would be exacted
by avenging time and justice on the
behalf of lhe investors of genuine
money who had been hired into the
shrines of spoliation by arts damnable and detestable, but arts which
for a time hoisted the machinators
high in the firmament of Hritish Columbian finance. An eerie height for
many it has been, and the drop to the
arena of actualities has brought corresponding disaster.
We neither repine at the event, nor
do we commiserate with the guilty
victims of the ruin. A catastrophe
was inevitable, though the writer of
this article strove with all available
resources to thwart or avert it by the
advocacy of industries as indispensable liases lor lhe huge superstructures which daily, almost hourly,
were rising without even the pretence
of a foundation.
It was, of course, futile to preach
the principles of reason to men so absolutely oblivious to everything except the ephemeral joy of buying and
selling, trucking and trading iii, the
property of the people, called real estate, at prices spuriously inflated and
constantly expanding.
The superincumbent weight of folly
and fraud terminated at length the
fateful career; and now after the reactionary period of inanition and apathy, men are beginning to perceive
the illusions of the money piles, the
huge bank accounts, and the enormous arrays of scrip stocks and
shares in evanescent companies. And
as they perceive, their reason resumes its dominancy, and many projects once buried iu contempt as chimeras are being resurrected as living
and tangible industrial enterprises not
only essential to lhe people but indigenous to the Province and its varied
and voluminous wealth of nature
and of natural resources.
Among these resurrected chimeras
is   shipbuilding.
When the infatuation for building
railways for private companies with
public money or Provincial credit lirst
seized upon the people, 1 wondered
why no effort was made to meet the
ocean traffic which must appertain
to this Coast as a necessary complement both of Provincial and Western
Canadian expansion.
The exit at the ocean is the only
thing that makes the widespread railways comprehemlablej and the building of ships is a complement of the
idea of reaching the world's markets
by means of railways through the interior.
Shipbuilding in this Province is an
inseparable concomitant of its coast
line, and its magnilicent natural harbours.
More than five years ago I advocated the establishment of the industry on an extensive scale; and plans
were drawn up by one of the largest
and best-known concerns in the United Kingdom preparatory to, and as
the basis of shipbuilding yards at
Burrard Inlet.
These plans involved no government guarantee, nor any subsidy or
bonus whatever. Rut the public decried them, or at least that section
of the public who were rushing helter-skelter at a breakneck pace for
the instantaneous wealth of the land
boom; - and the government pronounced  its anathema that shipbuild
ing could not precede railway construction. Thus was stopped by a
coalition of hostility what might have
been a flourishing enterprise.
Today the Government are as eager
for shipbuilding as between 1909 and
1912 they were for railway construction; and the Manufacturers' Association claiming to reflect industrial
ideas and to be the exponent of commercial progress, say shipbuilding is
an indispensable of the Province's natural and productive resources. They
are infatuated with it as a new industry though less than two years
ago they declared: "We don't want
new industries; we have all we ��� -;ni
look after."
Shipbuilding is a great industry;
and as the Hritish Empire after the
war will more emphatically than ever
be mistress of the seas and the leader
of the world's commerce, it is right
and proper that here along the Pacific we should construct ships adequate
to our immediate mercantile needs
and commensurate with our future
expansion.
This is conceded; and despite the
furore about "back to the land," the
postulate that Hritish Columbia is essentially a Province for manufacturing industries, will meet with general
acceptance.
It is in the establishment of industries from her infinitude of varied resources that Hritish Columbia must
and will ascend the heights of fuui'e
greatness, This does not mean that
every new enterprise should be under the aegis of thc Government. Nor
does it imply Government co-operation  in  the  building of ships.
It is at this juncture we part with
the promoters of the scheme formulated by the Manufacturers' Association at thc meeting on Monday, the
10th instant, and afterwards expounded to the Shipping Commission sitting at the Court  House.
This scheme, though ambitious
enough to designate its object to be
the "construction of a mercantile marine," soon dwindled into more pygmean proportions, and finally evolved
as a proposal to float a company with
money to be wheedled out of the public in small driblets of ten-pcr-cent
calls on $10 shares. The capital stock
of the company was specified at $2,-
500,000 or 250,000 shares. Hut there
was to be no flotation, nor were any
expenses lo eh incurred till fully 50,-
000 shares had been subscribed for,
and till the equivalent of fifty per cent
of the nominal or par value of these
had been paid up. As soon as the
promoters had in hand $250,000 they
were to feel themselves in thc position to do things. First, to incorporate the company; and second, to get
the Government to. guarantee debentures or bonds as they were called, to
the extent of four or live million dollars. It was with money thus borrowed lhat Ihe construction of ships
was lo be undertaken; and the money
of the shareholders was to utilizable
in some other manlier. This proposal
while evincing hesitancy and ignorance  on   the   part   of  lhe   promoters.
makes an astounding appeal to the
redulity of the public. It is based
entirely on the fateful plan adopted
in the construction of the Canadian
Northern Pacific, the Pacific Great
Eastern and other railways. As such
it must be condemned. Besides, il is
too petty anil puerile for the achievement of a colossal design: and as such
it must be rejected; because failure
would not only result in financial loss
to the investors, but it would act as
a deterrent to promoters of other projects more commensurate with the
vastness of the enterprise, and produced, not at haphazard hut in detail
on a basis of scientific knowledge and
of marine and mercantile experience.
Both that knowledge and that experience were absent from the manufacturers' proposal. And here it is
proper to observe that it was pitiable
to see the Shipbuilding Commission
which looked like an adjunct of the
Manufacturers' Association, making a
specious pretense of handling a proposition for which not one of the
members had either the elemental
knowledge or the adaptability of mind
necessary to the moulding of it into
scientific or financial form for Governmental or industrial purposes. The
Commission was in truth a fiasco.
Shipbuilding must not, however, go
Into the category of impossible enterprises. We must go ahead with the
work; and once the determination is
evinced money and men will be forthcoming to found what is destined to
be one of our greatest industries.
ll is unnecessary to descant at this
juncture on the facilities for construction, and the necessities of both
Provincial and Canadian commerce.
The lumber industry is the most
persistent advocate of shipbuilding as
an urgent necessity. Hut lumbermen
though now awakening to the folly
of their lackadaisical methods of the
past, cannot expect their new-fledged
projects to be seized with alacrity and
transformed into big enterprises in-
stanler, without regard either to the
ways and means or to the rights and
interests of other industries. We cannot forget that here we have the exit
from and the entrance to thc western
prairies; and this must become the
shipping centre for the exports and
imports of the vast regions not only
of our own Province but of Alberta
and Saskatchewan.
Our shipbuilding must take cognizance of these cardinal facts; and
lumbermen who so far nave done
nothing but cut timber and ship it
must either remedy their own past
neglect by a co-operative movement
among themselves for building, buying or controlling ships, or ��lse they
must take their turn with other industries in the general amelioration of
shipping anomalies.
Only thc stress of present conditions, scarcity of ships and enormously inflated freight rates have forced
them to recognize their absolute dependence upon their competitors in
the same market. They own not a
vessel either in coast or ocean traffic;
and they complain that the American
owners and controllers have not only
raised the freights but have appropriated to the Canadian lumber exporter
only the residuum of their tonnage
space.
Men who have drifted themselves
and this Province into such a morass
of helplessness deserve not sympathy
but censure; and wc must remember
that apart from shipping they have
not played Iheir part in developing
the  Province's lumber trade.
Hear   these   words   written   before
the war by the present writer:
"Hitherto B. C. has not occupied
its natural or appropriate place, and
instead of being the leading shipper
it has nol been exporting one-tenth
of the lumber distributed throughout
the world from Washington and adjoining western states. Not one-seventh of that sent to Australia, Xew
Zealand and other South Pacific
parts of the Empire; not one-thirteenth of that sent to China, Japan,
Mexico and South America; not onc-
fonrth of that sent to Africa; nor
one-third of that sent to Great Britain  has gone from  Hritish  Columbia.
"And of the aggregate timber imported into the principal centres of
the world British Columbia has contributed only little more than one per
cent, in spite of the fact that no
country is equally well equipped to
dominate  the  world's lumber trade."
Since the war began thc relative
shipments of lumber from British
Columbia compared with that of
Western States has rapidly declined;
and not only do vast quantities of our
logs go to Washington mills but
many shipments from this Province
arc only supplied to the States
whence they are sent to the world's
markets. The ships bring return cargoes to the American ports; and
hence it is that the apathy of the lumber manufacturer has recoiled not
only on his own business, but upon
Vancouver, and prevented it from
becoming both a shipping port and a
centre of distribution throughout
Western Canada of imported commodities from the world's markets.
If we build ships to rectify the
blundering of the past, we must see
to it that the carrying trade is not
controlled by a cotene mainly responsible for the present dilemma.
We cannot, as a matter of public
policy, build a mercantile marine
merely for the exigencies of the war.
We must build to meet conditions
which the war has not created, but
only accentuated; and with a view to
the industrial developments which
will soon be inaugurated. The era of
stagnation has about ended; and instead of mourning over our deplete'!
lumber txportations wc must begin
the manufacture of the infinite commodities for which our forests supply
the material in abundance.
Whcn-the war started, British Columbia should have become active in
the founding of wood industries similar to those which have so largely
contributed in recent years to Germany's prosperity. But the effort to
arouse the Province to the opportunity was frustrated by the very men
who arc how frenzied for want of
ships to carry away our raw material.
Their belated and spasmodic effort to
inaugurate shipbuilding is concentrated selfishness; and in the propaganda placed before the public, while
the promoters could not make up
their minds whether steel or wood
should be used, they were unanimous
in urging expedition so that they
might participate in the enormously
high freights now prevailing. They
did not even suggest the reduction of
freights. But they wanted ships to
control, and built by the combined
effort of the public and the Government. Xo one except a mere temporizer could advocate wood-ships at the
present day. Steel and iron ships we
must have because they will carry not
only lumber in the rough, but manufactured articles, and the grain of the
prairies as well as our own Province's
products; ami all these must reach
their destinations quickly.
FAITH and WORKS
The law forbids the sale of liquor and cigarettes
to minors, but it does not restrain newspapers from going into respectable homes and soliciting the patronage of the boys and girls with
flaring and alluring advertisements.
Carefulfiresides must rely, therefore, Upon newspapers that voluntarily banish liquor and cigarettes, those great
enemies of youthful strength and purity, from their columns.
In the campaign for saloonless state it is vital that
the forces of temperance cast the entire weight of their influence
against the wets.
Their subscription order for a newspaper is a vote
for or against liquor, according as the advertising columns of that
newspaper are for or against liquor.
The Saturday Chinook is against the selling and
distributing of liquor and cigarettes to minors through its advertising
columns.
For true temperance should begin at home and
with the Home Newspaper.
Delivered at
your door for
10 cents a month.
Phone Seymour 470.
The Saturday Chinook SATURDAY,   JANUARY   22.    1916
SATURDAY   CHINOOK
FIVE
Our New Music Column
We have pleasure in anoiincing
that we have secured the services of
Mr. J. W. Leckie as musical reporter
and invite the various musical organizations of Vancouver lo intimate
their desire to have a report and criticism of their performances appear
ill the Saturday Chinook. Very frequently, much to the chagrin of the
performers, no report is given iii thc
press of their work, and as press reports   are   of   great   value   to   artists
choir recently toured Canada ami the
United States under his management
and later, on completion of the lour,
he formed a quartette of four of their
leading singers and remained in Canada, giving concerts in many of the
eastern  cities.
Since coming wet Mr. Leckie decided to retire from tin- concert platform for a time. Though often invited to assist iu musical organizations.
The Right Sort of Criticism of
A
Municipal Affairs
l-RIEND of mine who resides in a neighboring Municipality,
with whom I was speaking shortly after a Municipal election
a few years ago, said: "Well, we have elected a first-class
; Couni il in our Municipality this year.    They are all of them good
i men and I am satisfied that the affairs of the Municipality are safe
in iheir hands.   It gives me a good deal of relief the way the election
has turned out and I feel free from worry as to how our Municipal
affairs are going to be conducted until the next election."
These ideas of my friend may be the ideas of a number of people,
bul they certainly do not evidence a true understanding of the value
of real and genuine criticism of Municipal affairs.
The affairs of our Municipal Governments are often overshadowed
by the amount of importance given to the affairs of Provincial and
National concern by the newspapers, statesmen and the general
public. Vet it is the little things that count in Government as elsewhere, and the vital importance of good Municipal Government
should not be lost sight of. Municipal Government for us who live
in cities and towns fixes the condition as to our health, morals, educa-
i lion, every day conveniences and our genera! well being. In fact it
has been well said that the duties of an Alderman or Councillor bring
him into closer touch with the every-day life and needs of the people
than do the duties of a member of our Provincial or Dominion Parliament. Therefore the need of criticism of Municipal affairs and
above all the need of criticism that is of the right sort.
tl-.e Supreme line tllat all men should
take a ba,th, ami put "ii the regulation
uniform. Great "system" was shown
in this business. The idea in a
vague way was lo have all men clean.
The first batch of victims went in.
crossed ihe ice-bound flood and got
under lhe shower, after which he
proceeded i ��� wait from 5 i" J' minutes for i ''"c clothes to put on.
lu ilu- meantime hatch N'o. 2 arrives, mill ilius the "clean" and the
"unclean" mingled together. In order to insure that every man should
lie clean, all mattresses were taken
away t" he cleaned up, am! consequently "our brave boys" are sleeping
"ti the nice soft floor���in their roomy
quarters.    There are men in this bat-
I
talion who if given a free hand could
put things straight in a week at least
land   cut   out   the   favoritism���1ml   of
j curse this would never do from the
i officers' point of view.
I have no hesitation in saying that
if things do not alter quickly, so that
.every man has a square deal, the
���-������'��� of I',. (.'. ami Vancouver will
lie out considerable money, for in the
spring there will lie a very small battalion.
In common with many . ilhcrs. I
enlisted to serve my kind and country,
not expecting any favors and certain
ly     "i   desiring   to   lie   discriminate'!
[againsl because of the  incompetence
I of a bunch of clerks and floorwalkers.
i If we have men. just men. there will
I be discipline am! enthusiasm; but we
i cannot have these under the present
system.
Hoping   that   your   religion,    your
| politics, nor fear of "giving valuable
I information  to the enemy" will prevent your publication of this letter���
as our only means of venting our injustices,  we beg I" remain,
Very sincerely,
WESTERN IRISH.
A  Bpecial   Patriotic and  Recruiting
Service   will   he   held   in   Westminster
Presbyterian Church on Sunday evening,   when   Rev.   J.    Richmond   Craig
\'ill speak on "What W'e Are Fighting  I'or?"    The service of praise  will
l.e led by the band of the 158th Overseas,  Duke of Connaught's Own. by
kind  permission  of  lhe   Officer  Com-
������"'din.'.r.  Colonel   Milne.    Bandsman
James  Schofield  will  sing Lewis  Ca-
I rev's  selling  of "Nearer  My  '"id  to
j Thee."    Lieutenant Rev.  H. I), i i n-
I rv.   R.A.,  '.Thcer  of  the   158th  and  a
college   friend   of   Rev.   Mr.   Craig's,
will   also   take   pari   in   the   service,
I Several   new  names   will  lie  added   to
the   11 mor  R"Ie of the Church.
Mr. J. W. Leckie
. ipearlng on the platforms either iu |
.i professional or an amateur capacity. This much felt want will he
supplied if intimation is sent beforehand to either the editor, Mr. George
Murray, or lo Mr. I. W. Leckie direct, whose address is 544.? Culloden
St., South Vancouver.
Mr. Leckie has had a lengthened
experience, having been a member of
the famous Glasgow Choral Union,
managing director of ihe Glasgow
Select Choir, and tenor soloist.   This
The  readers  of  the  Saturday  Chi-
i k   will   find  interesting  article   in
the musical columns from time to
time from his pell, and he purposes
in the near future of paying a visit
lo every church in Vancouver and
giving his report of the individual
choirs, organists and soloists in thc
issue following the visit. The idea
is to stimulate a greater interest
amongst music lovers and choir members in the work they are engaged
in. TIIlv  EDITOR.
Classified Advertising
FLORISTS
BROWN BROS. & CO., LIMITED,
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, 48
Haslings St. E��� and 782 Granville
Street,  Vancouver,  B.  C.
WATCHMAKER
10,000 WATCHES and CLOCKS
wanted to clean and repair at the
factory, 438 RfCIIARDS STREET.
MONEY TO LOAN
MONEY LOANED, DIAMONDS,
Jewelry, etc. A quiet, respectable,
reliable place to borrow money.
Old gold bought. Established 1905.
Star Loan Co., 812 Hastings West.
STOVE    REPAIRS
DON'T THROW YOUR OLD
Stove away. We handle castings and
repairs to fit any stove or range ���
FRANKS, 44 Water Street.
PROVINCIAL  POLITICS.
Prospects for Early By-Election Are
Bright.
Mr. Malcolm Archibald Macdonald.
the Liberal standard bearer in the
bye-election which will be announced
after the meeting of the Cabinet
which Premier Bowser has called for
January 26, has opened his campaign
at the Oddfellows' Hall, Main Street,
where he held a magnificent meeting
Thursday evening of this week.
Thc Liberal forces are rallying for
the fight which will test the sincerity
and the mettle of Premier Bowser
and his followers.
A series of meetings in the interests of the Liberal candidate will be
held throughout the city and will be
announced from day to day in the
daily press.
Thc election which some people
state may take place before the fifteenth of next month, is bound lo he
an exciting  contest.
Safe Milk for the Babies-
That Means TURNER'S MILK
Your Own Health is an Important Consideration, but the
Health of Your Children is a Vital Consideration.
Milk is the staple food for the little folks. It is a good wholesome food for the grown-ups, too, but it must, be pure am.
nourishing.
TURNER'S MILK IS "IH'ST BY TEST"���and besides being
a pure milk, guaranteed, and by the care which we exercise
in all processes of its handling, it contains to the fullest degree
all the necessary elements of nourishment.
ORDER YOUR SUPPLY TODAY
PHONE  FAIR. 597 AND  OUR DRIVER WILL CALL
TURNER'S DAIRY
SEVENTEENTH  AVENUE  AND   ONTARIO  STREET
Criticism is defined as "discrimination or discussion of merit, character
or quality; exercise or application of
critical judgment," and it is this and
not the spiteful or prejudiced outcries
and insinuations, which we have too
plentifully, that is needed iu municipal affairs. Criticism which is true
and genuine comes more from a motive of co-operation and with the idea
of suggesting how things may be improved rather than from a mere faultfinding spirit. The object of citizens
should not In- to malign or discourage, but to encourage and point out
the way to belter things and show-
how  improvements  may  lie  made.
In order to accomplish this, criticism must be public. Grumbling ond
gossip about municipal affairs do not
do any good and they warp thc mind
of the gossiper and grumbler. If
there is a need of improvements, criticise publicly. Let all who are interested know of-your ideas and perhaps
some body else may have a better
suggestion for improvement than
you have. If anything goes wrong in
public affairs Ihe public should know
it and the thing be put right. Co-
nnprstion in improving the condition
of affairs can only be secured through
public and honest criticism arising
from the right motive.
Then again criticism must be sane
and intelligent to be of genuine value.
The critic who would accomplish an
improvement in Municipal affairs
must understand his subject and
know what he is talking about. Criticism which is useful appeals to the
reason and not to lhe temper, and
reason always demands to gel at the
botom of things. Men rarely get acrimonious in discussing a matter of
which they have absolute knowledge.
11 is over presumptions and speculations that they shake their fists and
get red ill the face. Every citizen
owes it to himself to have an intimate
personal knowledge of the method of
Municipal Government and its workings. The trouble is that so many of
us accept hearsay, investigate only
superficially and rarely get down to
bed rock. Prejudice, opinion, vanity,
revenge, passion and pig-headedness
influence some people more than reason, and this is hound to be lhe case
where a clear, accurate knowledge ol
I the  matter at hand    is    lacking    on
j which  to  base our reason.  ���
Ignorant,   prejudiced   and   spiteful
j criticism is useless and even harmful.
I It is useless as regards any improvement in conditions and is harmful to
the person  making it.
Criticism should be continuous and
constant in order that improvement
and progress, which is the object of
genuine criticism, should he constant.
"Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty," for individuals and also for organized society. At the present day
more reforms iu government come
about by a process of evolution or education rather than of revolution, and
one of the main features of education
is constant and persistent criticism.
Like my friend quoted in the opening paragraph, so many persons seem
to think that they have performed
their public duty as members of organized society when they have elected officers for the coming year or
term of office. They think that if
they are fortunate enough in securing
the election of their nominees that
they are justified in sitting back and
taking things easy and having no interest and making no suggestions or
criticism in the conduct of public affairs until election time again comes
round.   They forget that those whom
I they have elected are only human like
I themselves and can make use of suggestions and criticism as well as they
can and of course to a much larger
degree and with a much larger scope
of benefit on account of the positions
which tluy occupy.
Spasmodic criticism is usually the
outgrowth of prejudice or spite and
is not based on the motive or wish
to better conditions in themselves. It
does n'o good, as the intelligent person perceives the underlying motive
and is merely inclined to pity the
critic. In fact, criticism of this sort
does real harm in that it tends to dull
the perceptive faculties of public officials to honest and sane criticism.
The public man who stands lhe storm
and stress of unreasoning criticism
and abuse must not be "thin-skinned"
and lose his temper easily, but the sad
feature of it is that he is apt lo become callous and inclined to lose the
faculty of distinguishing between the
two kinds of criticism���that which is
spiteful and that which is genuine���
the genuine kind being, as we have
seen, characterized by publicity, intelligence and constancy, and actuated by the desire for the general
welfare  of the  community.
A. G.  II.
rt
Correspondence
COMPLAINTS  FROM THE
WESTERN   IRISH
121st   Halt.. C.  E,  1'".,
Queen's   I'ark,
Xeiv Westminster.   II.C.
Jan.   20,   1916.
Ed.  Chinook.
Vancouver.
Dear Sir:
I would like with your permission
to Answer as best I can lhe question
so often asked these days. Why is
there poor discipline amongst the
Western Irish? Because several of
the officers are incompetent; because
of favoritism which is rampant
throughout the battalion. Linked
with this last reason is discrimination.
Many cases are known to me whereby certain men are let out of doing
their duties, nr given always light
duties, while others by some uncanny
means find themselves every time on
the "dirty work." Because of the
very- poor accommodations, both
sleeping and eating, in spite of the
assertions of the individual who recently wrote of the "magnificent
quarters" enjoyed by the 121st battalion. This person also said that
'both officers and men augment their
government allowances with various
'titbits' purchased out of the surplus
funds of the canteen.' 1 have no
doubt the officers do.
Particularly at this time, one would
suppose every man with a spark of
British blood in his veins, would suppress self and do his very best for his
country and his battalion. Consequently it is hard to understand the
colossal gall some men must have,
to put themselves up as officers.
Once in a while some of these people
tell their men to take an itnerest in
their company and battalion, but their
own interest ceases when the day's
drill is over.
There is absolutely no system in
thc battalion at all���excepting when
men arc required for fatigues, and
then "some system'' is shown���rotten
system.
Recently the  fiat  went  forth  from
THE RIGHT USE
OF ELECTRIC LIGHT
There is as much art in lighting a house as in decorating
and furnishing it. Illumination is both a science and an art.
Good illumination involves three essentia] points; the
right QUALITY of light; the right QUANTITY of light,
and the right USE of light.
It is our earnest desire to serve our customers by the
giving of such practical advice as may be helpful in improving the lighting equipment already in use, as well as to
point out the lines along which new installations may be
satisfactorily designed.
The actual amount of illumination necessary, and the
laws that govern its application, are matters of prime importance to our customers.
Bring your lighting problems to us, we will be glad to
serve you.
Phone Seymour
5000
SiilfNi-oomft	
Clll*mil ami   IliiNtlnict StN.
11U8 Granville St., near Dm It*
Here Are the Standardbearers
Complete List of Candidates Thus Far Nominated
for Provincial Election.
Below will be found a tabulated list of all the constituencies which
have   nominated   their   candidates   for   the   coming   provincial   parliamentary elections,  along with the names of the gentlemen  who are  to
represent their different parties
Constituency.      Liberal.
Conservative.
Labor &  Ind.
Conservative.
Alberni   	
Atlin   	
Cariboo	
Chilliwack   ._
Cowichan	
Columbia  	
Comox	
Cranbrook   _.
Delta	
Dewdney	
Esquimalt	
Fort George _
Fernie   	
Greenwood __
Grand   Forks.
Islands	
Kamloops	
Kaslo	
Lillooet    	
Nelson	
Nanaimo	
No.Okanagan
So. Okanagan
Newcastle    __
N.Westminster
Omineca	
Revelstoke   _ _
Rossland	
Richmond	
Saanich   	
Similkameen__
Skeena	
Slocan   	
No. Vancouver
So. Vancouver
Trail	
Vancouver  _ _
H.  C.  Brewster
Frank  Mobley
J.  Yorston
E. D. Barrow
John Buckam
Hugh Stewart
Dr.  J.  H.  King
A.   D.  Patterson
John Oliver
Victoria
Yale
G.  A.  Gaskell
A.  I.  Fisher
Dr. C. D. McLcan
J.   E,  Thompson.
M.   B. Jackson
F. W. Anderson
John  Keen
J.   B.  Rryson
A. M. Johnson
Dr.  K. McDonald
Leslie V.  Rogers
David  Whiteside
A.   M.   Manson
Dr.   Sutherland
W.  D.  Willson
G. G.  McGeer
F.  A.  Pauline
R. S. Conkling
T.  D.  Pattulo
Chas.   F.   Nelson
Mayor   Hanes
IJ.  W. Weart
Michael  Sullivan
Ralph Smith
M. A. Macdonald
P. Donnelly
Dr. Mcintosh
J.  S. Cowper
J. W. deB. Farris
H. C. Brewster
John Hart
George Bell
H. C. Hall
Joseph   Walters
J. G. C. Wood
H.   E.   Young
J. A. Fraser
S. A. Cawley
\Y.   II.   Hayward
Dr.   Taylor
M.   Manson
r. D. Caven
F. J.   Mackenzie
W. J.  Minson
R.  H.  Pooley
G. A. Hamilton
W. R. Ross
J.  R. Jackson
E.  Miller
W. W. Foster
J.   P.   Shaw
Neil Mack,iv __.
Archie McDonald
W.  R.  Maclean
A.   E.   Planta
Price   Ellison
Mayor  Jon.s
Dr. Doicr
H. W. Mavnard
J. H. Haw'waite
Basil  Gardom
F.  M.   Dockrill
Hon.   T.   Taylor
L.   A.   Campbell
W. J. Baird
D. M. Eberts
L. W. Shatford
Wm.   Manson
W.   Hunter
G. II. Mordcn.
Comm'r  Campbell
Jas. A. Schofield
W. J.  Bowser
C.   E.  Tisdall
IA. J. Welsh
Walter  Leek
;A. H. Macgowan
Thos.  Duke
Mr. Flumerfelt
R.   H.  Neelands
IW.  R. Trotter
IJ.  W.  Wilkinson
J. H. McVety
|J.  E. Wilton
F. A. Hoover
F. Welsh
J. H. Haw'waite
A.   J.   Morley
Ale
Socialist candidates have been nominated as follows: Newcastle,
Parker Williams; Comox, J. A. Macdonald; North Vancouver, W.
Bennett; Fort George, John Mclnnes; Slocan, E. T. Kingsley; Femie,
T. O'Connor; Vancouver, J. Harrington, J. Sidaway, C. Lestoi, W.
A. Pritchard. J. Kavanagh, W. W. Lefeaux; Victoria, P. Williams.
Social Democrats in South Vancouver, Ernest Burns. i SIX
SATURDAY   CHINOOK
SATURDAY,   JANUARY   22.   \9\u
Special Astounding Bargains
IN
MEN'S WEAR
AT OUR
I
Big January Sale
WM. DICK LTD.
TWO BIG STORES  33 and 47 HASTINGS ST. E.
" Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back. "
PANTAGES  THEATRE.
Another of those sparkling musical
comedy tableaux will be oil the bill
at the Pantages next week. Billy
Craig and Dixie Harris with a company of ten people present "Office
Girls." A good line of catchy music
and a classy bunch of chorus girls
will help to score a decided hit.
A screaming nautical travesty on
the deck of a ship is perhaps one of
the funniest acts to be seen in Vancouver, is put on by Gallagher and
Carlin.
Rooker and Winifred are ebotiy-
hued  comedians  who  have  been  fea
tured as a headline in Seattle and
have received very favorable comment by the press.
Harris and N'olin are two beauties
dolled up iu the latest Parisienne
gowns, who play the piano and sing
very well.
The Week-finders, with Kecgan
and Ellsworth, singers with a new
line of chatter that is hard lo beat.
Bessie Harvey, a singing eijnes-
trienne. with a white pony which
poses and a flock of carrier pigeons.
Bessie always wins her way into the
hearts of her audience with her dainty
act.
"What's a 'troche,' please?" My
particular school-girl inquisitor had
me on toast lhat time. Can any reader tell me how long the medical world
has used this puzzling and ferocious
word for "pill"?
tt   *    tt
Perhaps Lorenzo de Medici, whose
name reveals the medical antecedents
of his "magnificent" family and whose
princely coat-of-anns is still to be
found all over Florence, bearing 6
pills, called the things "troches" instead of "pills." I believe "troche"
is from the Greek, and "pill" from the
Latin.
* *   *
When pills became very small, the
lirst homeopathists called their wares
"globules." and afterwards. I remember, globules of a larger growth were
introduced   and   called   "pillules."
* *   i-i
Looking into the word, J am inclined to think that, though all pills
are troches, all troches are not pills.
Pills are hall-shaped: but troche
should mean anything "of a shape to
run downhill." So that troches will
include things made up in the shape
of a cheese, a checker, a coin or a
rolling-pin.
* *   ���*
Dry drugs, artillery projectiles,
planets and footballs seem to have a
common tendency to modify tlieir
shapes in the course of time. Each of
these has developed from a round
ball into an oblate or a flattened
sphere.
* *   *
The Listener's column was meant
to be an all-round affair. Lest it, too,
should begin to get flat, I am going
to return to the subject of Sir Richard   Mc Bride's   successor,   the   Hon.
W. J.  Bowser. Premier of Hritish C .
lumliia.
Letter from Hon. J. H. Turner, Agent
General for B. C, to "The Listener."
"London. Nov. I. 191!).
"My wife and I wish to thank you
for the touching way in which you
give a kindly word for the pioneers.
I can assure you they were a fine lot
of men and women . . . after 'the
early and prosperous golden days .
. . gloomy days came on . . . people leaving the country daily. Many
houses were empty and streets without life. . . . That sort of experience was very trying. I can feel it
even now���but the remnant of those
early settlers hung on, hoping against
hope, always believing that British
Columbia must come to the front
eventually, and now those who are
left of them rejoice in the prosperity
and rapid development of our beautiful Province, though few of them have
secured the pecuniary advantages
which arc possessed by the later arrivals, who are worthily taking up
work started fifty years ago, and are
making British Columbia what it deserves to bc���the best province of
the great Dominion.
"J   remain,   yours   faithfully,
"J. H. TURNER,"
"Agent-General for British Columbia."
--Letter from the Hon. J. H, Turner, ex-premier of B. C, to the "Listener."
The comemnt upon this which appeared in the News-Advertiser of December'4th, 1910, was as follows:
"Hon. Mr. Turner, British Columbia's indefatigable agent-general, is
one of the few working builders of
our present who can speak of sp remote a time as fifty years ago with
the  authority  of  one  who  was  even
then a master builder. I was surprised to learn only the other day
thai the agent-general and ex-prime
minister was seventy-six years of age.
Many ol" us would like to see some
tangible recognition of his long and
patient services as agent-general for
the   Province   in   London. ���
"Nor should the aged ex-premier
have 10 wail a century and a half as
General Wolfe has had to wait fur
the monument at Greenwich which
Mr. P, C. Wade, K.C.. of ibis cily,
has at last, to his everlasting honor,
brought within measurable distance
of accomplishment. Those who know
will doubtless sec to it that such recognition shall take the form which
will he most welcome to the honorable gentleman himself, and the most
worthy of this Province. But 1 should
like to suggest that the endowment of
a chair of learning or the erection of
a building or library bearing in either
case Mr. Turner's name, should be
included  in  the  scheme."
About four months later the News-
Advertiser wrote, editorially, as follows (April,  1911):
"Testimonial to Mr. Turner.
"A testimonial  of appreciation  has
just been forwarded by the members
I of the  Provincial  Legislature  to  Mr.
���). II. Turner, British Columbia's representative at the world's metropolis.
Although born  in  England,  Mr. Tur-
��� ner during his long resilience in  Brit-
I ish Columbia, became an enthusiastic
champion  for  this  Province, and has
i shown himself pre-eminently fitted
for the promotion of its interests in
England."
An Englishman, as we all know, is
still young at 82.
Thc new Prime Minister, whose recent public devision of the very efficient "old gentleman" whom he obsequiously panegyrised in 1910, seems
to me in execrable taste, might do
well to remember that "even the
youngest of us is not infallible."
*    *    *
As to his ill-timed jest about "family prayers," I remember seeing a letter of thanks from Lord Roscbery to
a gentleman who had sent him on his
elevation  to  a  still  greater  Premier-
This and all other space used in this campaign is donated to the GREATER VANCOUVER BRANCH of the CANADIAN
PATRIOTIC FUND by The World and other daily newspapers. The campaign is being conducted without charge to the fund by the
Dallopy Advertising Company, Limited. Therefore, every dollar raised will be used EXCLUSIVELY for the requirements of the
families of the men who have enlisted and who will enlist for overseas service.
Li
Me Is Thinking Of Them
Are You ?
D
ONT sit about the fire side at home or the club and feel perfectly satisfied at the sacrifices of
our brave boys in the trenches. HELP IN THE GREAT CAUSE OF FREEDOM AND INDEPENDENCE.
Subscribe RIGHT NOW to the CANADIAN PATRIOTIC FUND���created to properly provide
for the families of the men who have enlisted and who will enlist for overseas service.
Don't wait to be called upon. Telephone Seymour 4590���to the CANADIAN PATRIOTIC FUND
and tell how much of a sacrifice in money you will make. Don't just give what is convenient���give
as much as you can���make a sacrifice. At best���we at home���can give little compared with the
sacrifice of these noble families who are giving their fathers and husbands in the Cause.
The big campaign to raise A HALF MILLION DOLLARS is on. This amount must be raised in
two weeks.   You can subscribe a fixed amount each month.   BUT SUBSCRIBE NOW.
" The Money or the Man" Which Will You Give?
"NEVER   TOUCHED   BY    HUMAN
HANDS"
Chrildren Thrive
ON
Sou-Van Milk
can
tell
Tliis
due
lient
Infant mo/tallty i. frightful. We
hardly realize, nheii amino inc.
ui thai u( all the children bor
civilized countries 22 per cent.
before they reach one year- -J7*
Cent before they reach five, anil
half before they reach 15 years.
is   an   appalling   state  of   things.
chiefly      to      insufficient      nourish
ami Improper feeding.
IT'S A  CLEAN  MILK
PROM   HEALTHY   COWS
Xatiirc's own fooil is unauearlonably
hest lor 1,,'ihy, and a mother should
nurse her child while ever it's pos-
llble���this i| the secret of strong,
sturdy manhood. Hut when baby ii
deprived of his natural food, and as
lie grows older, every care and precaution should he taken t., safeguard
his   health.
Motheri! Avoid all the dangeri of
patent foods, artificial milk- and unclean cows' milk. Give baby clean
fresh cows' milk, Provided you get
the  right  milk���
SOU-VAN MILK-Vou ,,���, feed baby
and  he will  get  big,  strong  and  ro.
bust��� will cause you very little worry or anxiety.
SOU-VAN   MILK   is   unapproachable
for babies and growing children, for
adults and for all domestic purposes
It comes perfectly pasteurized and
Clarified- comes to you in sterilized
bottles. Greater care than we take
with Sou-Van Milk is impossible.
Try lhs splendid product���you owe
It lo baby -to every member of the
home.    Fairmont 26.M.
South
Vancouver
Milk Co.
TWENTY-NINTH    AND    FRASER.
PANTAGEC
UNEQUALLED       kj
VAUDEVILLE
Phone Seymour 3406
Week of January 24, 1916.
BILLY  CRAIG AND  DIXIE
HARRIS WITH TEN
PEOPLE IN
Office Girls
Three times daily, 2.45, 7.15, 9.15
Mattnee, 15c; Night, 15c_& 25c
ship even than that of B. C, some
lines of poetry commending to him
the examples, and more especially the
habits of personal devotion, of Peel
and Gladstone, his predecessors. Lord
Rosebery's premiership did not add
much to his fame. If he had scoffed
at lhe poetical advice which was rendered to him by an old-fashioned
Granger, he might perhaps have ��� ��� ,-c<i
still worse. The Arnold a'ffaj'.- i.ntl
the Turner afafir do not exhibit our
brand-new Premier in the light of ;,
"man of the old-fashioned piety" el
ther towards the living or the (\v;u\.
* *    *
Some of us believe in tlld old-fashioned piety, though u-e may not believe iu quite the old-fashioned habits
"I* prayer, if that means asking heaven to interfere to promote our comfort, ami worshipping a Christ who
lived a life of austerity, wisdom ami
kindness in order that we might live
a life of pollity aiid toss-up.
* *    *
W'e want a pious Premier. 'Pius
Aeneas' was something like a leader,
and something like a gentleman, The
gentle manners of General Joffre give
me more confidence in the French
cause, than all the rush orders for
munitions and all the plans for shooting Englishmen by court martial who
shall evade conscription give me confidence in the great and dear cause
of that patient servant of the servants
of mankind, the British Empire.
We. are fighting for "gentler manners, nobler laws." If "the pen is
mightier than the sword." it is the
pen of Tennyson and Milton and Ma-
caulay and Lord Morley rather than
of Lord Northcliffe, or even of the
most religious of our living poets,
Kipling, that will help to win us
through.
*    *    *
The way to avoid another commercial and financial breakdown in Vancouver is to teach our children to be
gentlemen and gentlewomen first of
all. What is the good of quick wits
and difficult accomplishments if you
cannot trust a man's word, absolutely,
and as a matter of courser The difficult and obstinate piety of an old-
fashioned gentleman is the aim, and
root, and fruit a.lso, of the only "business education^ which is permanently worth having.

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