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The Standard May 5, 1917

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"TO DISTRIBl if. o
Vol. V., No. 51���Established 1911.
Price Five Cents
The Pacific Dredging Company, one of the many organizations in the west dominated by the Hon. Bob Rogers,
minister of public works, took $796,070 out of the Federal Treasury for shooting mud out of False Creek into
the Mackenzie & Mann fill. It may be necessary to buy newspapers in order that public works contracting on
this coast may be carried on; but even so there is money in the game.    Some of these corporations overlook nothing
Mr. C: E. Campbell, the Liberal Party,
And the Sun���Find lhe foffer.
HIBEKAI.S who an* readers of the Vancouver
Sun were rather surprised Monday morning to
r.nd in tlie columns of the paper which advertises itself as the Liberal organ in this city a virulent attack
upon Mr. Charles E, Campbell, one of the best known
and most highly esteemed Liberals in this city.
The Sun article attacked Mr. Campbell for certain
-tatements made favorable to prohibition. Jn it were
v.any personal thrusts at Mi*. Campbell of a most in-
-.llting character.
The Standard would let this mailer pass unnoticed
���cere it not for the fact that Charles E. Campbell is
the president of thc Vancouver. Liberal Association.
Does the Sun speak for Liberalism in this city when
' allows its columns to be used to condemn Mr.
Aarles E. Campbell?
Does the Sun speak for the  Liberals    of this city
.'.'hen it undertakes to advise Mr. lircwster as to the
licies he should follow ?
Then another matter which makes lhe Campbell
tide of particular interesl is this: Charlie is a diree-
r and shareholder in the Sun. ������
Surely this is an unusual situation.
What influence can be at work under the surface?
Why docs the Sun seek to take the political life nf
:ie of its own shareholders and directors?
Why does the Sun    so act    when    it knows    that
'.larles E. Campbell, as president ni lhe Liberal As-
- nation of Vancouver, is probably much in the con-
lence of his leader, the Hon. II. C. Brewster?
Probably we are a trifle young in the political game,
'.it we are like Togo ami "enquire tn know" why the
"-.in, self-advertised and proclaimed as the local organ
"' Liberalism, should thus conduct itself,
I eleran Showman Does Nol Favor
Running Business Seven Days a Week.
QC. BAUSCHER, a showman    who is head of
*   the attractions bearing his name, told in con-
��� eisation with The Standard this week that he did not
ike running his shows seven days a week, as has to be
'.one in almost all the places where they work in the
nitcd  States.    Mr.  K-utsclier i- a typical showman,
,enial, fond of life, and not averse to making as many
iollars as he can.   1 le does not pretend to put on Sunday school shows; he gives,the people what they want.
If the patrons of the fair at which his attractions come
are inclined to patronize the "rough stuff," he will
.i'ive it to them, or he will have his dancing girls just
go through a few langourous motions and leave it go
at that.   He is out after the coin.
And it is in looking at the argument from the money
point of view that he considers the Sunday show business undesirable. He is not troubled with the morals
Of the case. But he says that his observation, based
���in many years of show life, is that he can take in more
money during six days a week than when his shows
are working seven. The open Sunday brings out a
big crowd, and is a very profitable day, but it detracts
from the other six days, and in the long run the show-
nan is out of pocket.
Employees of the sideshows. Mr. Ilausclier says,
would just as soon work seven days a week, as, being
Dhmaels on the face of the earth, their whole interests
M'v centered in their business, and they are out of their
element when idle in a strange town. So neither the
welfare of his cn/lovces. nor the desecration of the
Sabbath, enters into his plea fm* a six-day week.
When one reasons it out, coming from a man in his
position, his argument is a strong one. and will appeal
to many.
Dr. King Tells Cowper Time Has Come
For Him to Throw Off All Disguise.
OR. I. II. KING, member fm- Cranbrook in the II.
C. Legislature, and minister of public works,
one of thc squarest men iu the House today, told our
junior member, Mr. J. S. Cowper. that he can no
longer keep up the pretence of representing Liberals,
and called upon him to either take his seat with the
members of the opposition, where he properly belongs,
or resign.
Dr. King does'not speak at random. He speaks for
the better element of the Liberal party, not for any
small faction actuated by petty spite or sordid jealousies. He is a level-headed, vigorous, capable man,
one of Premier Brewster's ablest lieutenants, and a
pillar of strength to llritish Columbia Liberalisni.
After charging that Cowper slipped into the House
on false pretenses as a Liberal, on the wave of indignation that followed the Dominion Trust smash, Dr.
King said:
"This is not a time when a man can sail under false
colors. No man has a right to put his personal interests above the welfare of the state and people."
What brought the remark from the minister was
the statement of the leader of the opposition who said
thc Liberal party was not united. Mr. Bowser basing
his statement.upon the efforts of J. S. Cowper and his
lieutenant. Dr. J. W. Mcintosh, to make light of the
honest efforts of Premier Brewster and the civil service bill as well as the personal animosity of Cowper
toward the attorney-general. "The Liberal party is
united." said King, "and is solidly behind its leader,
though it was true men had slid into the House on the
coat-tails of eminent members."
Spirit of Camaraderie Prevailed
At War Dance and Carnival This Week.
iji HEN the War Dance closes in a maze of merri-
^1/ ment at midnight this evening. Vancouver will
once more prepare to settle down to the more serious
business nf life. . Tomorrow the carnival will be a
thing of the past, but the Carnival spirit will remain
with us for a long time.
It does a city good in break loose once in a while.
and forget that there are such things as cares and
anguish in this, world. Eternal brooding over our
troubles due.- not lessen them, nor does pining in secret
make sorrow any easier to bear. Because we unbend
does not mean tllat we are indifferent. *
The gift of laughter has been said to be the great
distinguishing mark between man and the lower animals. I le is the only living thing that laughs. That
there could be nothing wrong in freely exercising this
gift was evidently the opinion of the thousands who
visited the Carnival on the Georgia street viadttcl during the four last days of this week. They were out
for a good time, and they certainly had it.
The real object of ihc War Dance, the raising of
$72,304 fur patriotic purposes, was more than realized.
Incidentally, the carnival stimulated business in Vancouver to a welcome extent. Merchants report a rich
harvest from the visitors from across the line, who
came here in thousands, all on holiday bent. Through
the agenc. nf the War Dance, il is estimated that half
a million dollars of money was started in circulation in
this city during ihe past week. This estimate is based
on the number of paid admissions to the Georgia viaduct", il being assumed that for every fifty cents spent
for a ticket, at least five dolliirs must have been speut
other ways, Hotels and business houses certainly
found Carnival week tn lie a real bonanza as far as
they were concerned, Many of these did more business in the past four days than they have done in any
one week fm' vears. outside of the Christmas holidays.
The success nf the War Dance was in a large measure due lo the splendid weather with which Vancouver
was Favored. There was no suspicion of moisture in
thc air after the very early hours of Wednesday morning, which was fortunate* foi nn climatic conditions
depended tn a great extent the success nr the failure
of the Carnival.
The sincere thanks of Vancouver are certain!., due
to Manager A. K. Kelly, Assistant Manager II. !'..
McKelvie and their huge staff nf loyal volunteer helpers for their untiring efforts during the past months.
Mav their shadows never grow less!
Democracy, Organization, Goodwill,
Watchwords of U. S. as It Enters War.
XX his essay, Perpetual Peace, published in 1795,
Emmanuel Kant declared that we can never
have universal peace until the world is politically organized and it will never be possible to organize thc
world politically until the people, not the kings, rule.
And he added that the peoples of the earth must cultivate and attain the spirit of hospitality and good will
toward all races and nations.
In his address to Congress Woodrow Wilson declared that the object in entering the war is "to vindicate lhe principles of peace and justice in the life of
the world as against selfish and autocratic power and
to set up amongst the really free and self-governed
peoples of the world such a concert of purpose and of
action as will henceforth insure the observance of these
principles." And he added that "we have no quarrel
wilh the German people . . . and shall desire nothing sn much as the early re-establishment of intimate
relations of mutual advantage between us���however
hard it may be for them for the time being, to believe
that this is spoken from our hearts."
Thus world organization, universal democracy and
mutual good-will pronounced by the greatest of philosophers as constituting tbe three fundamental essentials to a perpetual peace, become thc watchwords of
the United States as it enters the Greal War.
Brewster Will Put An End to
Political Blackmail and Graft.
PREMIER BREWSTER in lathering a hill
which will put an end to ihe wholesale.corrupting of elections by tlie use of campaign contributions;
This is to be made illegal in future.
It is a policy which lias imt been inaugurated a moment ton soon. Under the McBride-Bowser regime.
llritish Columbia grovelled before the men who poured out the filthy lucre with a fine sense nf discritniin-
tion. Corporations have been financing elections mr
so long that they look upon it as a mailer of course,
part of the necessary administration expense oi a big
undertaking, ll has always been done in Canada, liut
apparently British Columbia and Manitoba have, nf
late years and under Conservative governments, become so corrupt and shackled tint the cutting nf thc
C.ordian knot was the only solution nf the difficult}.
Campaign contributions, in theory, arc imt wrong.
Many good, honest men contributed liberally towards
the expenses necessarj tn overthrow tin- late II C.
government. They gave freely, witlioui hope ni reward nr remembrance. Their brie desire wa- in help
in sonic measure in the overthrow of an administration
that had long since outlived ils usefulness. These
men meant well, and tlieir -mall donations helped the
good cause in no small measure.
liul what shall be said ni those rascals, those political thugs, who blackjacked large sums from big interests ostensibly for campaign funds, and then diverted these monies In their men personal itscs? ll ho
never turned in one cent lo Ihe general fund. There
arc men living here in Vancouver today enjoying every
luxury, and paying for it out of the money which they
filched from campaign contributions. There are businesses which are kept running because thc proprietors
pocketed thousands of dollars in donations.
Such men are worse than the political stool pigeons
and marionettes who dance at the bidding of thc leader
of the opposition. Compared to them a confidence
thief is a gentleman and a pickpocket or dip an angel
of light. Thev have nol the nerve to buldgeon, they
blackmail corporations and then place the money Ihey
receive to their personal credit, confident thai then' is
no danger of discovery or prosecution, for the cash
has been turned ovcr'la them on their honor for a
specific purpose, and cannot be traced.
It would be interesting to know just what kind of a
yarn our fugitive friend D'Arcy Tate spieled to Foley,
Welch and Stewart, when he was stringing them for
half a million dollars "to take care of campaign
funds." And it would he equally interesting to know
how much of this campaign fund didn't get beyond the
honorable D'Arcy Tate's capacious pockets.
For D'Arcy knows all about that bulldog motto:
"What we have we'll hold."
East Utterly Fails lo Appreciate
Asiatic Problems of the West.
eVERY once in a while some eastern editor lill-
bis editorial column with a plea for Ihe wholesale importation of Chinese. Japanese, or Hindu
laborers, serenely confdent thta he has at last solved
the problem of production. To the eastern mind the
onlv way to overcome the man-power shortage on the
land, and iu factories, is to bring in boat loads nf
True, this may settle that problem, bul it creates
another infinitely greater, and of more vital import-
lance lo the future of the Canadian nation. What i- to
be done with the Asiatic after he is here? The Pacific
coa-l has been struggling with that problem for years,
and is no nearer a solution than il was at the start: it
1 ha- only become more complex, more hopele,->.
The Toronto Saturday Xight editorially deplores
that we fail to appreciate the Chinese, and suggests
that they be brought lo Canada in thousands to till
the idle land.   Very ingenuously il says:
"There would bc no occasion lo keep these men here
lias the Saturday Xight forgotten what happened
to the thousands of Chinese brought to Canada as
the cheap labor required to build the Canadian Pacific Railway? They were to be sent back after their
contracts expired. A few returned, most of them
stayed, and formed the nucleus of the Chinese population of Canada today. Exactly the same thing
would happen should another wholesale importation
be decided upon, and the west, not the east, would be
the dumping ground.    It is all a matter of climate.
This is what the Saturdav   Xight has to say on the
"If our National Government had tbe sense and
foresight lhal it is credited with in some quarters, it
would long ago have arranged for Asiatic farm labor.
as France has done. The world does not produce anv
better laborers than the Chinese. They work well and
intelligently, im matter what ihey arc put at. and
that thev are good farmers is amply proven by iheir
success in this line nf industry all aliing the Pacific
coast. Twii hundred thousand of these men. brought
nut here under a contracl extending over the period
of the war. and as long thereafter as deemed necessarj.
would have cast all doubts tn ihe winds a- tn tin- security nf food production in ibis country tin- coming
season. Then- would be im necessity ni keeping them
in Canada permanently, but even then we might dn
worse. They would make a good deal belief and more
useful citizens than a whole Int m' other races thai are
welcomed al nur ports. Much ni the rapid advancement of the l'nited States in the earlier davs in- due
to a plentitude of Chinese labor, and the last generation of railway men were fond of saying that the
Union Pacific Railroad, the first ribbon of steel to
cross the continent, was made possible by ten thousand
lusty Chinese laborers."
Indications Are That Elections
May Be Held About July.
HLL signs point to an early general election. Thc
action of the government on the free wheat
question is significant.
With so many unrepresented seats in the Commons
���practically twenty in number���and no chance of
filling them without heated contests and the usual
mud-slinging, the feeling grows that a general fight
all along the line would bc scarcely more disturbing
than the smaller war between the political factions.
The independent elements, the men tired of party.
are not displaying any tremendous energy at the present juncture, though the only thing lacking is organization.
July is mentioned as the probable election month.
Artificial Restrictions On Tools
Must Eventually Be Wholly Removed.
?y< IIIC designs of man cannot forever block the just
V__/ natural laws which sooner or later enter into
trade and commerce, as well as in other things necessary to proper life of a community or nation.
Western Canada, as a great world wheat growing
centre, has been freed from the shackles of artificial
or legislative restriction. Liberty now takes the place
of repression anrl our producer-, upon a more common
plane of selling equality rejoice at the right to compete with other wheat producers of the world.
But the freedom will only be wholly and justly complete when the machinery and tools Accessary to production are as free as the products themselves.
And tbis brings us to the long-standing demand for
free, untaxed farm implements.
Let our urban residents step tomorrow into the
stores and warehouses of thi- city and examine the
stocks in hand necessary to the cultivation of the soil
and production of wheat crops.
What will they find?
Imported implements, absolutely essential and indispensable to farm development, which are taxed enormously.
If two men start out to produce for a common market, and one is handicapped twenty, twenty-five and
thirty per cent, on lhe price of the tools used in production, which of the men is likely tn win out?
The proposition is sn simple that every reader will
give his answer withoul hesitation that the price-
handicapped man will run second in the race.
There we have th" condition before Us. The duly is
tn unfasten the remaining shackle-.
Let us have a square deal for our producers.
Let us give them an even start, as far a- possible,
with all competitors.
Let us remove tlie artificial restrictions and barriers
to development.
The primary great basic source nf wealth iu Canada
is the -nil.
Our governrhent ha- been -pending hundreds of
thousands nf dollars advocating "production���and
more production."   The endorsation nf the police bas
been unanimous. Life itself i- dependent upon production and more production. Without more production prosperity is impossible.
A logical sequence t" the welcome declaration of a
free wheat policy is a second declaration of liberty
freeing the implements of production from necessary
and unjust taxation.
The Monarch Life Assurance Co.. of Winnipeg,
took war bonds in the last Government issue to the
amount of $100,000.
Drastic Step Taken In Winnipeg
To Stop Gambling in Wheat.
GRADING privileges have been denied scalpers
and speculators on tin- Winnipeg Grain Exchange. This action, the nm-t dra-tic taken since the
various stock exchanges were ordered'closed at the
outbreak of the war. was rendered necessary in order to protect legitimate traders, whose financial existence was threatened by the recklessness ni these
Following the announcement that a censorship committee had been formed, and no trades would be executed without first obtaining the sanction ni that committee, the market slumped alarmingly. Bul no one
except the gamblers themselves were pinched. Responsible firms had nol been buying and selling, except under direct order, for snme day-, feeling sure
that some action must follow this orgie of speculation.
The knowledge that trading privilege- are api to bi
withdrawn at any time from those who gamble in the
necessities of life should acl as a restiaining force. It
will -end many firms into liquidation, but in the Ion
run  it  will  be  for  thc  general  welfare.  - i  tin-  public
at large will have no cause tn complain.
American Journalist Has Wonderful Ideas
About Domination of British Empire.
li i- a dangerous thing embarking nu a commentary of world affair- unless, a- Mark Twain said of
the prophets, vou know. Here, for instance, is a certain paper in California explaining affably Imw Mr.
Lloyd George dominates the British Empire, and how
Lord X'orthcliti'c dominates Mr. Llnyd George. This
is how the worthy journalist works it out. "The realm
of George V is practically administered irom the Fleet
Street office nf the various newspapers controlled by
Lord   Xorthcliti'c."    En  passant, "realm  of George
\ is good, very    good, very    excellent gooil." as
Touchstone says: bin what about those Fleet Street
offices? The Times used tn be printed in Printing
House Square, and the Daily Mail and Evening News
in Tallis Street. Surely the world commentator, like
Jove, must be nodding.
Then, about that matter of the editorship. "The
editor of the London Times and Daily Mail." says the
commentator, "pulls the strings" of thc Government.
Again, en passant, why London Times and not London Daily Mail. But who is ibis editor? He used
to be two separate editors, each of whom presided over
a paper published in a separate office, each a considerable distance from the other. They had different
names, too. those editors. But. then, as Mr. Bernard
Shaw says, "Vou never can tell." Only���if the facts
arc. like the times, so out of joint, it is possible, just
possible mind you, that the deductions may be a trifle
\ _���__���
SATURDAY, MAY 5,  1917.
Canada's Fiftieth Anniversary
The British North America Act and the Constitution
of the Australian Commonwealth.
IX a volume entitled "The Kingdom
of Canada, Imperial federation,
etc.," by J. S. Ewart, K.C., arc
brought oul the marked differences
between the Constitution of tbe Canadian Dominion iB.X.A. Act i and
tin Constitution ol the Australian
Commonwealth, Those differences
attest the remarkable change thai
took plan- in both liritisli and Colonial opinions in thc M years wliich
intervened   between   the   creation
for  the
them h
r themaelvi
U   do
' Even as to those subjects of legislation which according to the Hritish
(forth   America     Act   anil  its     subsc
quent amendments arc within Canada's legislative jurisdiction she is far
from sovereign, Control may bc exercised in two ways: first, the * Ottawa parliament may unanimously pass
sonic measure, but the governor-gen-
thc Canadian federation (1867) and eral may assent and yet afterward, at
tliat oi' tlie Australian Federation any time within two years, Downing
(1901): I street may disallow the measure.  l!y  |',',,,,;,, ,.
.    one or other of these methods many'
''' ISI purposes of the Canadian parliament
them- j have been  thwarted;  not only  when
selves   at   the     time    asked     that   it  the  interests  involved  were  of  large
should he.   It is no disparagement to Importance(in the matter of coinage,
for  example)    hut  also  when    tliey
were almost of a private and personal
their  work  ,the  creation  of  the   Do-'nature, su>:h as the attachment of the
The British  Xorth Americ;
very   nearly   what   Canadians
is no disparagement to
the Canadians oi that day to-say lhat
minion, has aroused in their successors of the present generation dissatisfaction with the political limitations to which they were habituated,
Limitations of the B. N. A. Act
Let us glance for a moment at the
limitations which still exist. In the
first place, tlw Canadian Dominion
holds its power as ihc gift of a British parliament which nominally may
augment, diminish or abolish it at
wilt Thc Dominion has no power at
all over a grcat variety of subjects.
For instance, if Canada wished to
have biennial instead of annual parliaments she could not so enact. If she
wanted to take a census every 12
years instead of It) she would bc
powerless to make thu change. If
the Maritime Provinces wished to
unite and become one province they
would be advised that it was impossible. II* Canada desired to increase
the -membership of her Senate, or to
decrease the Qualifications for it, or
even to change the quorum of the
House of Commons, her power would
be found to be inadequate. The rigbl
to make her own coins is lorbiddeu
by an express statute passed at West
minster, fiver such a comparatively
trifling matter as lhe procedure to be
adopted in apporpriating her own
money Canada has no authority
Such a change of the capital city as
that from Ottawa to Winnipeg could
not be accomplished by unanimous
vote of the Ottawa parliament, the
provincial legislatures and all the
Canadian people pronouncing
through a plebiscite.   The parliament
at  Westminster  can  do  these   things
salaries of governmeni officials foi
payment of their debts that these
stances of control occurred previous-;
ly to federation, but since then,
(186K) a Canadian statute fixing the1
governor-general's salary at ��65001
was disallowed because Downing!
street's opinion as to a proper
amount differed from that expressed -
'_y tbe parliament of the Dominion, j
anybody else. Canada, not being a
sovereign country, cannot legislate
even lor tbe conduct of Canadians
beyond the three mile sea limit. Tbe
Australian l-'ederal parliament ou the
other hand has authority to pass laws
respecting "fisheries in Australian
waters beyond territorial limits."
Each of the   Australian   constituent
States has jurisdictii n with respect to
fisheries over it- own territory, including the three miles of sea: and
ihc federal parlaimeni has jurisdi.--
tion beyond thc three miles and
within "Australian waters"���jurisdiction not merely over Australians but
over all British subjects.
Canada and Koreign Affairs
We nun io a more fundamental
diflercnce. Canada as a matter ol ol
law lias no authority over ber foreign
aliairs. She has much influence, iiu
ilouut, and has received promises thai
she will imt In- compromised without
her consent; but wc repeat that as a
matter of law her torcign affairs are
by ihc i.ut.sh li r-
eign oinice. In Australia, on tne contrary, the J-ederal parliament has
jurisdiction over her "external at-
fairs," and lias ber "minister of external affairs." To ihosu who regard
capability of maintaining relations
with all other governments as a distinguishing 'characteristic of sovereignty the momentous importance oi
this clause in the Constitution of the
Australian Commonwealth is noteworthy. It is true lhal in practice
the Australians themselves have thus
tar placcd a limited construction
upon the words "external affairs." In
1902 the government of the Netherlands complained  to the  llritish  For-
, .        . i.i eign   Office    of    sonic    disregard   of
Then,again,; although   Canada   leg.s-1    J*-.i|y ob,ig?tion6 in Sout|,  A*stra|;a.
Tbe   Colonial   Serctary,   having   applied to the Australian  I'ederal C,o\
lates for half a continent, she is  not
permitted   to   settle   finally   her   own
lawsuits/When,  in   1875,  .ne  "�������-|'(., ������,,,., ,,���- ,������.,���,;������,��� ;,������ ,;���. y, ,)
hshed a supreme court at Ottawa she
vvas compelled to forego that power. ���
An ultimate appeal lies not to a supreme court of the Dominion but to.
the judicial committee of the British;
privy council.
Comparison  With   Australian   Status!
be   estab
l 1:1 uiiiejji  ioi   inioi in,mon iiiiii  me   r
eral Government having in turn tip-
plied to the Slate Government of
South Australia, the latter declined to
communicate with the Colonial Secretary through the I'ederal Government asserting the privilege of direct correspondence. The Colonial
Secretary decided against that view.
It is interesting to follow In some I Neither) the Federal nor the State
detail a comparison between the Can- Government, however, claimed the
adian and the Australian ��ConstitU-J right to communicate with the Xcth-
tions. For example Canada cannol erlands. The Colonial I Secretary,
legislate as to any ships butjier own, howcver'declared that the Australian
even in Canadian waters. Australia's* Commonwealth hiul power "to deal
powers are much wider and include ',with all political matters arising be-
autboi'ity to legislate under some cir-|t*veen the Australian Confederated
cttmstances even for Canadian ships. | States and any other part of the Empire or  (through  his  Majesty's Gov
ernment)   with   any  foreign   Power."
Constitutional   Amendments
lii Mr. Fwart's opinion perhaps the
most  extraordinary   provision   in   the
itirse  impose
Rennie-S Prize Swede  Turnip, for table or stock1; 4 ozs.,
20c; per lb. . .  65c
Rennie's  Derby  Swede  Turnip,  biggest cropper;  4 ozs.,
20c; per. lb, _._   _.  70c
Perfection  Mammoth   Red  Mangel,  for stock 4 ozs.,  15c
half lb., 25c; per Ib. 45c.
Yellow Leviathan  Mangel, good keeper; 4 ozs., '15c; half
lb��� 25c; per lb., 45c.
Rennie's' Jumbo* Sugar Beet, for feeding; 4 ozs.   15c;
half lb.. 25c; per lb. 45c.
Select   Yellow  Dutch   Onion   Sets;  lb.,  35c;  5   lbs.  $1.70
Knglish Multiplier Potato Onion Sets lb., 30c
5 lbs. for -1.40.
Rennie's'   Mammoth   Squash,   specimens  4C$   lb.   weight;
p?r  package       25c
XXX Ekarlet Round White Tip Radish  Pkg. 10c
oz., 20c; 4 ozs., SOc.
XXX Melting Marrow Table. Peas (dwarf)..  4 ozs., 15c;
lb., 40c; 5 lbs., $1.90.
Round Pod Kidney Bush Butter Beans 4 nzs., 15c;
lb��� 55c; 5 lbs.. $2.40.
Cool and Crisp Table Cucumber ���   Pkg-, 5c
oz.,  15c; 4 ozs., 40c.
XXX  Early Table  Sugar Corn  (very fine)   ....Pkg.,  10c
lb., 40c; 5 lbs., $1.90.
Rennie's' Fireball Round Table Beet    I kg., 10c
oz��� 20c; 4 ozs., 50c.
XXX   Early  Summer    Cabbage     (heads     12  lbs.    each)
Paolcage     10c; oz, 30c
Rennie's Market Garden Table Carrot      Pkg., 10c
oz.. 25c; 4 ozs., 75c.
Early  Yellow   Dancers  Onion, black seed       Pkg.. 5c
"Z., 20c; 4 ozs., 60c; per lb., $1.90.
Rennie's Seed Annual Free to All.
Order  through  your  LOCAL   DEALER  or  direct  from
WM. RENNIE CO., Limited
Also at Toronto, Montreal, Winnipeg.
Canadian Northern Railway
���.00 A. M. 81'XDAV WEDNESDAY FIUDAY, 0.00 A.M.
7.00 p.m.    Leave    VANCOUVER   Arrive n.m. 11.08
S.45 p.m.    Arrive    Chilliwack    Arrive n.m.    S.15
11.00 p.m.    Arrive    Hope    Leave a.m.    7.00
Pull particulars may be obtained from any Canadian Northern Agent.
Phone Seymour 2482
We note next that Canada's jurisdiction over the ocean extends (as does
that of every country) merely tn a
distance of three miles from thc
shore. Every sovereign country
nevertheless may make laws binding,
upon ils nun citizens in every part of | Constitution of the Australian Com-
the world, on land or sea. The United monvvealth is lhe. provision with ref-
States, f"r instance, may prohibit itsierencc lo tbe amendment of that fun-
own citizens from shooting seals in J damental organic law. Section 128 ol
the open ocean but could not of -the Australian Constitution declares
such prohibition upon!that "tins Constitution shall not be
. i altered, except in* the following fhan-
- "i ner,"  namely,   by   very    special   pro
visions as to' passage of lhe proposed
law by the Australian Parliament and
its ratification' by popular vote. Tbe
British Xorth America Act gives
Canada no power to amend its Federal Constitution: Fur the smallest
change, application has lo ,be mail/ to
the Parliament of the United Kingdom, lias Australia, on the contrary,
authority to make any amendments
in its Constitution that it pleases?
Has the British Parliament renounced jurisdiction over Australia? Is
Australia legally as well as really an
independent Stale? The preamble of
the statute which embodies thc Constitution of the Australian Commonwealth is obviously very important
as throwing light upon this incfuiry.
The preamble reads as follows:
"Whereas the people of New South
Wales, of Victoria, of South Australia, of Queensland, and of Tasmania, humbly relying on the blessing of Almighty... God, have agreed to
iftiite in one indissoluble federal
Commonwealth, under thc Crowu of
the United Kingdom of Great Britain
apd Ireland, and under lhe Constitution hereby established." It sliuuld
here be borne in mind that the Constitution referred to is not one imposed upon the people of Australia,
but one agreed to' between themselves; that part of thc agreement is
that the Constitution is to be altered
by the people themselves: and tha'
the Parliament of the l'nited Kingdom has assented lo the Constitution
and to the (crms upon which, exclusively it is to be altered. In Mr.
Kwart's judgment this is a clear renunciation on the part of llie Parliament at Wcstminstei of ils authority
to alter the Australian Constitution
without lhe ,i ���'������nt ol ihc Australian
people: and just as clearly a declaration that, "with 'such Visient," the
Australian Parliament can alter il for
itself. Here we are reminded that thc*,
Constitution of the United States'
commences in this way. "W'e. the.
people of the United States, . . do'
ordain and establish this Constitution,
for the United States of America."'
Moreover, the clause referring to.l
amendments of the Constitution provides for the previous ascertainment
of the will of the people. In Ihis re-i
spect, therefore, the only difference I
between the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of the
Australian Commonwealth is that the.
Americans, having agreed upon their
Federal organic law, proclaimed it,
themselves; while the agreement of
the Australians was declared by the
British Parliament. In both cases
the people themselves determined
for themselves the character and nar-
ticular provisions of their own Constitution, and in both cases amendment of the Constitution is to be
made by the people themselves and
by them only. Mr. Ewart thinks that
it makes but little difference in what
way proclamation was made, of the
two   Constitutions.���New   York   Sun.
taedlard Job
{J We are pundual, polite, and
^progressive printers.
fl We give our customers good
fl Our prices are not cut-rate.
*I We could not afford to shade
our prices and give you standard service.
��mer  Street
The Last Lltimatum
Cott.   Gott,     Dear     Gotl,     attention
Y-eur partner, Vilhclm is here
Und has a word or two to say
Indo your  private car;
So turn avay all udders now,
_ Und listen  veil to mc
For vat 1 say concerns me much
Mcinself and   Sherinany.
You know    dear    Cott,   I   \as
I'uil irom my hour of birth
I  quietly let you rule de heffen
Vile I  ruled o'er de earth;
Und ver,   I  toldt mine soldiers
.Of bygone  battle days,
1 gladly split de glory '
Und g.jve you half de praise.
In every vay I tried to prove
Mein heart to you vas true,
Und only claimed mem honest share
ii gnat deeds dat ve do;
You could not hav. a better friendt.
In sky und land or sea.
Dan Kaiser Vilhclm number Iwo,
Der Lord of Shermany.
So vat I say dear Gott is dis,
Hat ve should slid be friendts,
Unci  you   should   help   to   send   nieiii
To meet der bitter .emits.
If you dear Gott, vill dis tne do,
I'll  nothing  ask  again,
Und you and  I  vill pardiicrs be,
For  evermore    Vmen,
Hut listen Gott, it must be quick,
For help lo me you sendl,
Or else 1 have to stop attack,
Und only blay defent
S.o four and twenty hours I give,
To make  the  Allies  run.
Und put me safe into mein blace,
De middle of thc Sun.
If you do dis, 111 do mein part,
I'll tell de world de fact,
Hut if you don't den I  must tittk,
It is an hostile act,
Den var at once I vill declare,
Und in mein anger rise,
Und   send  mein     Sepplen     ships
A fight up in de skies.
"The Standard" Job Dept. Phone: Seymour 470
Lisbon, Portugal���A bill has been
introduced in the Portuguese Parliament ordering the withdrawal of copper money from circulation, in order
to prevent the metal from leaving
the country.
Dis  Uuitimatum,  now  dear  Gott.
Is von  of many more,
Mein mindt is settled up  to clean
De whole world off <lc floor
Because you  vas  mein  pardner Golt
An extra chance is giffen.
So help at once, or else I'll be.
London, England���By an order
from the Food Controller, all shipping
of malt' to and from Great Britain.
Ireland, the Channel Islands and the
Isle, of Man has been forbidden, except it be done by his authority. The
order is to be known as the Malt
(Restriction on Shipping! Order
Complaint   That   Exemption   of   Too
Many Skilled Workers Is
Efforts by many German employers of labor to retain their skilled
workers by asking iheir exemption
Irom both military service and work
in the ranks of thc Home Army provided for by the Auxiliary Service
law. now being put into effect in all
parts of the empire, ai'e seriously
handicapping the complete mobilization of Germany's man power. In
an article in a copy of the official
publication oi General Groener's War
Supply Bureau received iu London it
is stated, on the strength of an official report from Munster, an important industrial city in Westphalia,,
that variqus firms are claiming the
exemption of altogether too many I
skilled workmen.- Then the article
��� "The only possible explanation is
that these firms are determined to
provide themselves with, none bm
first-class labor, and lo reject less
valuable personnel, especially women.
Such procedure is entirely contrary to
the present interests of the Fatherland, because all labor resources,
great or small, trained or untrained,
must In- used to tbe full, and it is impossible to approve the behavior of
any linn which for sake of its own
oc.mmerc.al advantage tries to provide itself with none but first-class
��i.(kmcu-7for thc most part, that is
I" Say, wiili men in Ihe prime of life"
and  liable   lo  service  in  the  army.
"Apart; moreover, from the fact
lhat such action must bc condemned
as a violation of duty toward the
Fatherland, the supposed advantage
may well turn into an economic disaster for the firms concerned when
these workmen are suddenly and urgently requited for military service.
They will then be called up ruthlessly-"
All firms are urged to make them-!
selves as independent as possible of
military workmen, and especially of
men fit for general service, and to
take cvery opportunity to accept and
train substitutes, especially women.
The article then proceeds to criticise
the opposition among skilled workmen to the organized employment of
men not liable for military service
and of women. It is argued that the
fear that "after the victorious conclusion of the war" there will be extensive unemployment is unfounded.
On the contrary, it is only by straining cvery effort that victory can be
won. and then Germany will be prosperous for many years to come, and
there will be abundant work for
German housewives who can afford
servants are finding their troubles increased through the steady hiring of
young women into munition plants
and other factories where they can
earn much larger wages than in domestic service and enjoy more freedom. Berlin newspai-ers say lhat
only 10 per cent, of the women  who
want servants succeed*nowadays i.i
getting them, (oris who accept employment make stiff demands, especially in respect oi food. Many oi
them being fresh from the country
where food is comparatively plentiful, insist before "signing on" thai
they will -work only for "familie-
uliicb eat  first class."
Certain mistresses^ for tlieir pan.
are also exacting. The Berlin Tagc-
blatt reports cases of women who before engaging a servant want t-
know if she has "connections in tin
country"���i.e., facilities for smuggling food supplies into town from
the rural districts. Servants -with
such "facilities" are said to lie able to
command high wages, innumerable
days and evenings "out," and other
privileges. **
1 lome-land, sea-land,
Home of tlie free land,
Faithful     thy   children,     wherever
they be;
Knit iu thy motherland,
Banded  in  brotherhood,
On in devotion undying to thee.
I lome-land,   wave-land,
Home of the brave land,
Hear us, thy children, by  land  and
by sea;
Swelling lhe  mighty shout,
Girding the world about,- l
"Mother,   we're   one  one   in   allegiance to thee!"
Home-land, blest land,
Clustering west-land,
Still  of thy offspring thou  prouder
shall bc;
True  to  thy  rally-call,
"Freedom!  and each  for all,"
Ready to die for the  Right and for
Home-land, sea-land;
Home of the free land,
Faithful thy children, wherever they
One in thy motherhood,
One in our brotherhood.
One in devotion undying to thee.
���John  Coates,    in the "Daily    Telegraph."
Time is one of the determining factors in war. To waste time in these
strenuous days is a crime against civilization. The army that holds out the
longest has victory on its side. In
this terrific struggle in Europe which
is Hearing the crisis, it is the last
million of reserves, the last million
dollars, and the last, million tons of
supplies that vvill turn the scale and
decide for generations to come the
liberties of mankind. Why stand ye
here idle? There is work to do. Gun
or   spade���wliich?���Toronto  Globe.
A French syndicate, specially interested in the electrical and mechanical
trades, intends to establish branches
in South Africa, where stocks would
be carried. SATURDAY, MAY
most successful, and reflects the
greatest credit upon the author, Mr.
Francis Bursill. and all those connected  with him in  its production.
IT is a matter of continual surprise
to me, to find how very little tht
average woman knows regarding
her own good points, and personality,
at any rate with regard to dress. One
can only pul it down to lack of artistic instinct, and feel really sorry
for the women who are wanting iu
this respect, for a dress allowance will
go so much further, when used with
real intelligent understanding of one's
own individuality,'
The keynote of dress should always
be harmony; the color scheme should
be in harmony with the coloring of
the wearer, the style of make should
harmonise with the figure and movements, while design of material
should be closely studied as to it-,
suitability to the wearer's development.
What a 'common and heart breaking sight it is to see the short fat woman dressed in something patterned
with large stripes, arranged in such
a way as to make her look more like
a barrel than anything else nr agraul
a tall woman of thin and angular
figure will bang her clothes upon her |
in such a manner that one feels her
only proper place can be in the centre
of a field of wheat to keep away the
liirds. Then let every wise woman
make of herself, her coloring, figure,
movements and general style, a real
study, and when the good points are
discovered, let her gowns not only
liarmonise, but accentuate these good
features, and skillfully cover the bad
ones. So much too depends upon
thc suitability of the dress to the
time and place, or season, here again
harmony is required.
It is wonderful what a direct bearing clothes have upon a woman's
life, what a real influence upon her
well being. What confidence; what
self-possession are hers, when she
feels that her dress, with all its dainty details is in irreproachable taste, I
do not mean in the extreme of prevailing fashion, or in richness nf texture, but in perfect harmony with
herself, the occasion, and the surroundings.
A love of beautiful clothes is not.
vanity, neither is it extravagance, nor
yet does it betray a shallow mind,
for the love of beauty is inherent in
us all, and in every clime and-country the world over, the natural desire
of woman is to make the best of herself, and to be as beautiful as she can.
Of course there are always some
women to be found wdio profess to
scorn any interest in such trivial
matters as personal appearance, bul
helieve me, however clever such people may be in some other direction, a
little femininity is never amiss, and
it is as much a dutv to one's friends
and relations to look as charming as
possible, as it is to bc ordinarily clean
and tidy, and it certainly is nn deterrent to brain development.
Every wise woman will have in ber
wardrobe a counlc of cool daintv rest
pnwns, tintn which she can change
���after a tiring day, and feel al the
same time- comfortable, and becomingly clad, and they can be made by
clever fingers at a minimum of est.
Mrs. W. H. Griffin
Analytical Address On Mind
and Art of Master by
R. W. Douglas.
In  continuation    of  the    series  oi
commemorative    lectures.     two    of
which we took notice of last week,
���Mr. J. Francis Bursill ("lVix
Penne";  lectured on  April 24 on  thc'W
homes, haunts and friends of the
great dramatist; and. aided by beautiful steriopticon slide, he visualised,
iu racy, happy manner, the scenes
and surroundings of the poet's life,
giving incidental details of Shakespeare's contemporaries and of the
leading exponents of the dramas during the three intervening centuries.
Professor Hill-Tout presided. Miss
Helen Badglcy and Mrs. R. C. Eater.
gave a charming scene from "Rom,
and Juliet" and, with Mr. Eaton, ;
scene from "As You Like It;" M
Janie Tattersall showed apjireciat, ��� !
quality in the Wooing scene fjny
Henry the Fifth;" and Miss Isa1,,iid I
Wilks, accompanied by Mrs. (C;,
Jas.   McNeill,   sang   "Orpheus   *any
: His   Lute."  with   tlie  char"*   that Be-
| long.-,  to it.
On   April  27   Mr.   R.   W*.   Douglas
Hold   Fourth    Anniversary    Services
Next   Sunday���Special
The Beaconsfield Methodisi church
next Sunday, hold their fourth anni-
versarj -��������� ,*ices. Rev. Robert Wilkinson will conduct the morning scr-
vice at 11 o'clock, in ci nnei ti n .- a
baptismal service. In the afternoon
at 2:30 a Sunday school sei vici al
which Re.. i i M. Sanford will
the    address.    At  tbe  7 .Vi    evening
service   Rev    K.   Manuel   will   preach.
The pastor, Rev, \\.  Bolton,  .ill assist at all services.
Special music lias been prepared for
the occasion, lu the morning Mis-
M. Jacks and Mi-- ]���'. Heel ��ill sing
solos, Ai the evening -. r\ ii e, anthem. "Praise the Lord." In full
choir ami obligate by Miss Edith
Jacks; "Galilee," bv male quartette;
anthem, "Sweet Sabbath Eve," with
duett. Mr. \V. J Lumb, tenor Miss
.lack,, alto.
Established  1904
Carload Business a Specialty
B.C. Vinegar Works
J.   I!.   1   M.CiN'F.R,     Manager
Membei   Society    of   Chemical
On Monday evening
cert will be held at t
the following will tal
program: Mr. C. F.
'I'. H. Lumb. basso
baritone; Mr. Robin
Mathews. Miss X. Hadfield. Miss I.
Jacks. Miss F. Pentland will give a
reading. The chairman will be Mr
II. C.  Bell, a well known  V
lice   part
W, J.
S,   tenor:
ni   the
thai     publishing
-that    ad-
Life Time
Vp 1   ��� ��� ��� 11 ��� v ��� ��� r     "R
.mbf-r,  A.D .
gar-  crank
ll    tltC
3M h day
an   u\|i
igllttul and pleasing entertainment was the pantomimic
revue,   The Old Woman In a Slue"
Hon. President, Women's Liberal Association of Vancouver.
concert held at the Vancouver
on   Monday   evening   last,   at
excerpts from \ erdj-'s "11
ire"  were  given, and a  num-
arias from other operas by
and   Arlditc,
Belts are taking a conspicuous
place among the accessories of dress
at the moment, and are made of
suede, leather, ribbon, or kid. and can
lie of any color, or striped across, nr
around, or can bc beaded, painted.
woolworked. or decorated iu almost
any conceivable  fashion.
Hand work appears upon everything, take a bold conventional design, work it with big uneven stitches
in Oriental coloring, either in wools,
coarse silks, or a combination of
both, with a little gold thread fori
outline, and put  it upon  thc  front of j
ber  of
Donizetti,  Gounod
as regards a well Idled room, a success.
From a strictly musical point of
'view, the efforts were a little too ambitious for the capabilities of the
artists, although there was undoubtedly good material among tbe voices
heard, there was too great an inclination to strenuous singing, an ab-. ,._
sence of erescen'di and diminuendi,
and that complete control of the
inezza voce so requisite in the rendering of grand opera music. The
singers, too, with but one or two exceptions were sadly at fault in their
intonation, and as an eminent British
musical critic once remarked. "Singing out of tune, is no singing at alb"
.The cues also seemed a matter for
speculation rather than certainty. It
would have'been better bad the scenes
from "11 Trovatore" been given either
iu English or wholly in Italian, a
mixture of the two is hardly conducive  to  gratifying  results.
The   five   instruments   which   made
up the small orchestra were all in the
hands  of  well  known,   capable   musicians, and they played with taste, giv-
jing  every  assistance   to  the  s-'busts,
I but,   one   might   venture   to   suggest.
| that had a  program of music  which
did not make such exacting demands
I on  the  vocal  attainments  been   presented, the artists would have shown
to   better   advantage,   and   the   audience   would   have   derived   more   real
An extremely interesting, as well
as artistic production was. the performance of tlu masque, "Magic of
Industry." the clever and appropriate
words of which were written by Mr.
Francis J. Bursill. "Felix Penne."
and who was indeed responsible for
thc entire production. Thc Masque
was arranged with a view to showing
the growth of our city of Vancouver,
from tlie time when tbe first woodmen came to the virgin forest ti> make
j his  home  there,    to the  present day.
i through the medium of words,  song.
| dance, and tableaux. In appropriate
tbe interpreter, and lather
Time, both characters played by Mr.
Francis Bursill, and Miss Janie Tattersall as "Clio. Muse of History."
gave the synopsis of the play before
the curtain rose, and short explanatory pieces between the acts.
There were many beautiful dancers.
all of which were arranged by Mine.
and Mile. Belates-Barbes. and which
were carried out iu an artistic and
graceful manner by tbe. many voting
exponents, some i.i them quite liny
children, The musical part i f the
entertainment was in the capable
hands of Madame Edith Stuart, and
by whom original music was ci m-
posed  for  several    of the  songs and
city librarian, gave a line analytical, ~j)lcn was Produced at the Imperial
address on "Sliapespeare; his mind and Theatre, on Monday and Tuesday
his art." showing inter alia that the evenings,
plays of "the master mind represented j Madame Norminton was responsible author's moods and periods oflble not only for the play itself, but
life in which they were written. None  for the  whole  production  which   was
of the plays, be submitted, could be
shown to be out of the company to
which it belonged. The early comedies represented the heyday of
buoyant experience: the historical
plays and some  of the  tragedies di
(Between Robson and Smythe)
under her personal direction. Th
whole performance went with that I
swing and verve, which is accredited.
as a ritle, only to professional companies, there were none of the hesi-|
tations  and  long   periods  nf
acc< un
closed   a   more   serious     outlook   on ; for the next turn that usua
life;   later  still   in   "King    Lear"   wc [panics an amateur show,
note the dramatist's deep dark brood-      The staging and scenic effects were
nigs on the eternal questioning as to exfremejy    pretty,    the    songs    and
tbe   meaning  of   things���a    darkness music   cheerful   and
lightened, in the Tragedy, by the one   the   dresses   were
lone  star  Cordelia���and although  he smart,
climbed out of tbis  gloom, as shown -coIorin���.
in the romantic comedies, it was with      There   was
an altered and a chastened spirit. dancing,   Mis.
Al   this   lecture   Mrs.   Geo.   Watts,| splendid   solo
have united
House  of   Common
approaching debate
England���Women's or-
both political and social,
in sending the following
to all members of the
in view of the
n  the  report of
itchy.'' while
Iistinctly original,
in  conception and
New Westminster, gave delightful
renditions of "Titania's Cradc" la
modern setting of "I Know a Bank"),
and "Who Is Sylvja?:" and Miss
Janie Tattersall weaved the required
wit and caprice into the wooing scene
from "The Taming of the Shrew."
and gave a synopsis of "The Merchant ot Venice." partly in descriptive form and partly inaction. Mr.
W. R. Dunlop presided and intimated
with regret that the final lecture by
Harold Xelson Shaw on the Shake-
spcrian drama would require to be
iiostponed indefinitely, because of
Mr. Shaw's illness, but said that,
early in May. Professor Padelford,
B.A., Washington University, would
lecture on "The Gothic Spirit in
Padelford  is
her   tt
and at this
the enming
forward     t"
Shakespeare." Professot
a distinguished scholar
time of entente feeling
lecture will be looked
with much interest.
On April 28 tne committee visited
the Shakespeare Garden in Stanley
Park when among those present were
Mr. A. Dunbar Taylor, K.C., chairman, Mr. \V. R. Dunlop. acting-secretary, Rev. Dr. Chas j. Cameron,
Professor J. K. Henry, of the University, Mrs. Irene H. Moody, chair-
lard,  Mr. J.   "
For The Protection
Of Married Women
dances.    Madame    Stuart's    capabili-1 man  of  thc  school
ties in this direction  have been evi- Gordon,   inspector
deuced on  former occasions, and  her] Mr. and  Mrs.  R.  C
music always displays  suitabilit
a dainty charm of melody.
Songs were contributed by tic
known   contrail",   Madame   Tas
land were  much  appreciated,  he
I voice showing tn advantage in s
' appropriate     numbers,     while
Douglas  .-ang  sweetly, ami  was i
j servedly recalled lor "My  I,Uth- Or
l Home In ihe West."   Miss Rigc ga
��� anil
Mr. Taylor made
the commemoration
unavoidable absence
whom the garden h;
Professor    Henry
propos  references I
oi  i'h   ureal
f    schools,   and'much  laughter
Campbell-Johns-1 of Mr. Dean's
Mr-.  Ungcn S
" and "The Ti
Phelps  sang
of the skirt, on vour bat. or the corn
ers  of your  collar,    and  the    smart
touch is at once given, or you" may
combine with the work beads small or
large and all colors, for just now we *
are  loving beads of all sorts, with a  ,,/
devotion  equal  to  that _pf any  South
Sea   island  lady.
Grandmother  of  Russian  Revolution
Cables to Women Friends.
Miss Lillian D. Wald of New York,
has received a cablegram from {Catherine Breshkovsky, tbe "Grandmother of the Russian Revolution."_ who
returned to civilization and liberty
after many years in Siberia when the
czar's government was overthrown.
The message reads:
"Hapny with all my people. Always
grateful  to my  American  friends.".
The message was also addressed to
Alice Stone Blaekwell. suffragist:
Jane Addams of Hull House. Chicago, and "all the others" who became
Mine. Breshknyskv's friends when
she was in America before her last
banishment to Siberia.
One housekeeper who has discovered an easy way to clean gilt picture
frames passes her discovery on. She
simply dips a soft cloth in milk and
wipes over the frames, rubbing the
dark snots pently until they disappear, wliich is usually very soon.
,- Dower Act, passed at the
I last session of the Alberta legislature
'_ i provides that a married woman will
have a life interest in the family
homestead', the word homestead
meaning the house and buildings and
adjoining land occupied by a married
Oman and her family as her home.
Two or three years ago the Sifton
government intioduced the "Married
VVomans Protection Act," by which
a married woman could prevent the
sale, mortgage, lease or transfer of
the homestead without her consent,
by the simple process of filing a
caveat, free of charge, with the registrar of land titles. The court, bow-
ever, had the power to remove this
caveat for just cause.
When the new Dower Act. however, is placed on the statute books,
a married woman will be able to re-
'main in unquestioned and undisputed
possession of the family homestead
during the whole of her lifetime,
whether it is a house in the city or a
farm in the rural district. If her
husband dies, leaving a will disposing
of the homestead, the document will
not be operative, until the death of
the wife. The act will not. of course,
give her any more property interest
in the homestead than she already
possesses. What it does, however, is
to assure that it shall be set apart for
her use and possession while she
lives, instead of being disposed of at
the will and fancy of the husband,
and leaving the wife without a home.
The act will not interfere with a
mortgage  on  thc  homestead.
"II   Bacon." and
"Awake!   My Owl
ship;''  while   Mrs,
Jewel  of  Asia."
Mr.   l'accy   saiu
toast    song     of
"Here's a Ho
did style, recc
and later a  Rl
Of the  Axe."  sung  by  M
boasts of fitting words by
sill, and    good  music    by'
ang    the well
)f     Pauline     J
Vancouver," ii
1 ing a  musing
isiap soilg. " 'l i
Moody spoke of the
complisltcd through tl
the mailer of Shal
the schools. This
come testimony, _
tbe impetus t" stui
il proved thai lm
been   lost   but   tha
itting remarks on
and regretted the
of Mr. Bursill in
I a special friend;
made happy, a
i plant life in the
master, and  Mrs.
.'lever and fascinating
Violet Vickers doing
work in that respect,
dancing marking her as a
coming prima danseuse. Miss Mary
Ward. Miss Richardson and Miss
Heard, also contributed their share
of- terpsichorean art. There was too
a fascinating quartette of dancers, in
quaint and original costumes in
shades of yellow.
Amongst the songs which proved
popular were. "I Love a Piano," by-
Miss Campbell: "Romany," by Mrs
Humphreys and chorus: "I Want to
Bring My Mother." by Miss Richardson; thc duet. "Waiting," by Mme
Norminton and Mrs. S. C. Arnold-
"Honolulu Air and Chorus " and
"Some Xight. Some Waltz. Some
Girl," by the same ladies: and a number of others, from which it is quite
difficult to make any selection,' as almost all were recalled.
Madame Norminton as "Tony"
made a very delightful boy. and wore
some beautiful costumes, acting
singing, and making love with all the
ease of an experienced actress. Miss
Nora McGillvray shows much orgin-
abty and is quite clever in her impersonations.
The fun was provided by Mr. S. E.
; Sandy, ami Mr. Allan Spears
as  "\\ idow  Twankev."  their  comical
���;   :i":i"-   '   ���' a"'!     jokes     evoking
and  applause.    Some
songs  were  much  appreciated.   "John     Willie,"    for    in-
the Speaker's conference on the electoral reform: "That we, representing
the undersigned societies, recognizing
that a bill based upon the report of
the Speffker's conference will confer
the suffrage upon women, though not
upon the terms for which we stand,
urge thc government to introduce
such a bill without delay, provided
that it contains as an integral part
provisions for ihe enfranchisement
of women." The resolution is signed
by practically all the women's suffrage societies as well as by party
organizations, such as the Women's
Liberal Federation and the Conservative and L'nionits Women's Franchise Association; and also by many
of the national bodies of women, including the National Union of Women Workers, the National Women's Labor League, the Women's
Co-operative Guild, the Women's"Industrial Council, and the British Wo-
meiis   Temperance   Association.
The Englishman's ideal is character; the German's ideal is performance. The Englishman desires to be
a man among men. governed as far
as possible Dy public opinion. The
German desires to be an efficient part
of an efficient organization, helping
to do his work better than any other
organization     ever   did    it   before.	
President Hadley, of Vale.
topical  duct, between
and   should   become     widely
iir. Stovcll sang the French
Madame Burton recited
dramatic style a poem of
Johnson's slightly altered to
present  moment    while   one
Mr.  Bur-
Mr.  Theo.
en  attempted.
fine  wurk
_ committc
pearian stud
itself was
in senior circh
;   labor   lias   n
iii   remembran
fifort, somethh
the twr
Mrs. S. 1-;. Arnold displayed a prel
ty voice. and played "Josephine
with   much   charm.
The smalt orchestri
largely to ihe bucccss o
giving good support, an.
sniril throughout. On.
that tin- audience were nol larger, especially as the performances were nol
mill  in    connection    with the    War
ice Carnival,    the proceed.
swell the funds which are I
thereby, but were quite de
jood houses.
thi , ei
from    her
ran- ins
bstercd in
land  with
i bene-
scrv ing
ll      hue
suit the
of  the
To the student of history, nothing
is more interesting than man's estimate of life.
most attractive items was a dance by
a bevy of tiny maidens representing
"busy little bees." who danced their
way straight into the heart nf the
The final tableau with tbe characters of the fair cities, Rome, Venice,
Dublin. London, Edinburgh. Paris,
and -Cardiff, taken respectively by
Mesdames Tucker. Page. Burton,
Currell. and tbe Misses Barton, Trus-
wcll. and Smith; with all their attendant pages; the Colonies, and the
Allies with America, surrounding
Brittania seated upon her throne
was not only a brilliant galaxy of
Color? but was eminently patriotic in
character, and enhanced by the music
which included "The Star Spangled
Banner." the "Russian National Anthem,'' and "God Save the King."
During the interval a quartette was
sung in Servian, and a short address
was given upon the tragic history of
Servia by Mr. S. A. Rayner. chairman
of Southern Slavs.
St. Michael's choir conducted by
Mr. Barton, rendered a couple of delightful numbers. The whole performance which was under tbe auspices of the  B. C. War Dance, was
The   time   t"ve   spent
Is like a thousand years m
Dear lad. how do they look t
Thy hosiery���thy hosiery?
ith age
) thee-
Oh,   maddening
How oft they've
For men must fight
And so  I'm knitting
titches,    plain   and
made my poor
���but  I'm  ;
a  girl,
My mother taught me how  to knit-
I hope with all my heart they fit���
If not as socks���w
Or pass them on
1. as a nut.
thy hosiery.
__n  ���	
Tbe male populati
age in Canada, that i
ages from IS to 4?. bi
ed, based on the 1''! 1 census, is gi
as 1,720,700, just issued. Of tliis
grand total, thc Canadian born number 1,109,383, nr 64.40 per cent, of
the total population. The British
born number 306.377. or 17.28
cent. Thc, foreign-born. 304.310,
17.69 per cent.
For. British Columbia, (he male
population nf military age���from IS
to 45 inclusive���totals 158,272. Canadian-born number 41.50$, nr 26.23
per cent.; British-born. 54.718 or
per   rent.;     foreign-born.     62.-
v.  of all
��� inchtd-
She stands, a thousand-wintered tree.
By  countless  morns  impearled,
Her broad roots coil beneath the sea
Her branches sweep thc world;
Her   seed-,   bj   careless   winds   conveyed,
Clothe the remotes!  strand
scatterii   -
her shade,
'i ye by tvandering tempest sown
'Neath  every alien star,
Forgel iv i whence    ihe breath    was
That  ' il ited ynu afar!
I';   j     are still her ancient seed
(in youngi r -nil let fall���
Children  of   Britain's  island-breed,
Tn whom  the  Mother in her need
Per bailee may one day call.
���William Watson.
ti ������
046.   or  39.20  per. cent.    Up   to    tbe
end   of   last   year.   British   Columbia
enlisted  nearly  20.000  men.  or  some
f approach short- 20 per cent, of the combined  Cana
The  right kind
ens     the   distance     between     human j dian-horn and British-born population
minds just as th
encd  the  distanc
railroad has short-
between  places.
Thc new  fact
last   session   of
ture establishes a minimum wage
$9 per week and a minimum age
15 vears.
ry act passed at the
the   Alberta   legisla-
Having purchased a large consignment of high quality white paper at a
very reasonable price, we are now in
a position to give close prices on catalogues, books, pamphlets, dodgers,
etc. Thc Standard fob Department.
426  Homer Street: phone Sey. 470.
of military age.
Ontario had enlisted slightly over
65.000 men up to the end of last
year. Ontario's Canadian born pollution of military age is given as 410.-
896; and her British-born of milirarv
age 160,997. Ontario's enlistment is
thus some 13 per cent, of her Canadian and British-born as compared
with British Columbia's cnlisluicnt of
20 per cent. '
"Give mc 'a reason whv' the 'other
fellow' can make money through your
proposition, and 1 have the lever that
has lifted tbe world from the depths
of barbarism to tbe heights of civilization."
Give Up Use of    Yellow    Stock Because of High Price.
The familiar yellow paper which
for years has been the distinguishing
feature of railroad stationery has disappeared. In its place comes the less
costly white paper. Scarcity of dyes
due to the war has spread from the
cloth manufacturer to the paper mills,
and the cost of co'ored paper is ou
the  rise.
Eighteen million sheets of paper
were used in the last twelve months
by the Southern Pacific -Company.
The cost of stationery and accessories
has increased from 10 to 300 per cent.
Thousands of dollars will bc saved by
using white instead of yellow paper
and by the utilization of used stock
wherever possible.
There is not a case of smallpox in
the city now. At a meeting of the
civic health committee it was reported that the few cases which existed
about a month ago had all been discharged from hospital, and that the
city was entirely free from the disease.
What to do with thc men Who
fuse t" deliver coal: Give them
sack!���Passing Show.
the FOUR
SATURDAY, MAY 5,  1917.
d Craig's Weekly Message
With the
came the g
pressed pu
"For it is the year o. jubilee.'���Lev. i
,_ ���- -~~,-rryf-rnrrT,f a Brit-
Tsn-parliament which nominally may
augment, diminish or abolish it at
will. The Dominion has no power at
all over a great variety of subjects.
For instance, if Canada wished lo
have biennial instead of aniuml
The  Voice  In  the  Wilderness
Kern    of    Christianity
1 nf love, but thc op-
-till   continued,    and
lo   cry  aloud     for  justice.
The  complaint  of  Sir  Thomas   More
is quite in keeping with  thc wail
Isaiah. "I     musl  say."  said    lh
teentii  Century   Utopian,  "that,
hope for mercy. I  can have 110
of all ihc governments that I  see or
know, than lhat they are a conspiracy
oi  ihe  rich, who, nn a    pretence ol
managing ihe poor,   mly pursue their
own   private   ends."     The   author   of
Utopia    was a  voice    crying iu    the
wilderness.    The  people  of  his  time
had no share in the government and
no outlet for the expression   of iheir
grid anccs.
Rousseau and the Revolution
Discontent       smouldered       underground, and il was left for  Rousseau,
the  John   the   Baptist  of  the   French
Revolution,   to  rhamni,\*"mi"tr_C'(/ressed
by  the  parliament  of  tbe  Dominion.
Then  again,  although   Canada  legislates for half a continent, she  is not
permitted  to  settle   finally   her  osvn
lawsuits." When,  in   1875,  she  established a supreme court at Ottawa she
iiaSnGtynpeiled to forego that power
profits      represent
ial   life   'greed.'   bin,
judged   according   to   lhe   standard   01
Jesus Christ, whose gospel we preach,
u is nothing show of 'murder.'
The Duty of the Christ.an Church
Is  lhe  Christian    Church   lo  stand
s,s-1 ''Hy hy :""' s'nipiy say it is no busi-
I j ness of ours; we cannol allow politics
to  enter   into   thc    sanctuary.     At   a
time   when   our   bravest  are   pouring
out their blood on the fields ol  Manners   lor   the   liberty,   honor,     and   integrity of that for which our old flag
stands are we lo allow  men  to wrap
themselves in the folds Ol that'glorious   emblem   of   an   imperishable   nation,  and  ruthlessly murder our children, and steal from us that which is
our    freeborn    birthright?    Has  the
Cross of Jesus Christ no significance
whatever for us in the discussion, and
solution of these gigantic  problems?
'1 he question of a heaven hereafter is
of unutterable  insignificance  in  com-
jirison     with   the    fulfilment  of  our
e'ty to our God and nur State.    We
.,'jst attempt,  as professing    Chris-
���j��jis,   realising  the   lull   meaning  of
pljt profession, to bring ill the King-
crri of God upon earth, in all its re-
' nsbips.
...m/eci st.cli as tliis,    upon  which  to  the   Gospel   were   spoken,   had   there
speak, in times like these,   The litem- been such a contribution made to the
ijjtual and Social Linked Together
��� L��Sn- Christianity has not failed,
lhe pin.. _���.....',..,���, .,.,..-.v-... .' ���s ,,..-���
have been lamentably neglected. Bull
Jesus Christ and liis Cross stand today, as ever thc greatest things in
the world. Those who would seek to
establish a socialism from which
Christ and Christianity lire excluded,
must remember that the masses ol
tile people have never found a friend
like the Xazarene. The common foji-
i . ,,^j.if thc general will, and we collective-  l'.:u;<1     Him  gladly,  and     well    they
" '"' ly receive, each member    as an nidi- ! !*���">'������?��� nm* WelLthey may do, for lie
had  such  far-reaching effects.
The Germ of Socialism
The germ of socialism is contained
bers of the Christian  Church arc bf  discussion of this great subject which
ginning to recognize, as never before,
that the gospel is not sn much, something that pertains to the other world,
as il  is a message fraught with inter-!
est, for all branches and phases of or-1 ...      , ,
dinary life.    Wc are not so much in* ""b    '���acl' of us |,lUs-'n common lr'
teratoid   now   a   davs   in   the   far.0ff goods, his person
heaven to bc, as, we are, in seeking tO | l'��w,ers ????,  *'*  supreme  direction
bring   heaven     into   t
hearts  iif men   living     in  ihis    world
puts in
his life, an
mn his
all his
vidual part of the whole.
Without making any comment,
however, upon this theory, which
found ready acceptance in France al
the close of ihc eighteenth century
let us hurry along. In passing we
.   , ,. , ..  .might, however, say that the  French
righteous discontent,  with onr condi-  experiment  tragically   failed.    A   dis-
| contented minority, and a dissentient
majority   made   social     and   political
here below.
Righteous Discontent Admissible
There has been, and always will be,
men and women  who arc discontented  with  the  circumstances in  which
they live.    It is no crime to be so. A
tions and surroundings, is a natural
outcome of the thinking of those,
wdio take a lively interest in all that
pertains to the well being of humanity. From the earliest ages, the cry
of the poor has gone up to heaven.
Poverty, gaunt, portenteous and
tran'e, has ever shadowed civilization.
It has perplexed alike the minds of
philosophers, statesmen, and peoples.
It has formed the themes of poets
and essayists, from the days of ancient Greece to our own times. From
the days of Plato to Sir Thomas
More Utopian schemes "on paper"
have been formulated by intellectual
dreamers, so to speak, of a golden
age when poverty would be no more
peace impossible.
Fichte and Marx
Other thinkers, like ' Fichte. an-
m'inched the question in modern
fashion from the economic sine.
'Properly has its foundations in i-..-
bor.     Everyoife   should   have   prop-
has done more for the common people than all the fiery demagogues,
who ever lashed them into frenzy, or
all the loving watchers who ever
bathed their scarred feet with tears.
He taught the world lhat the spiritual
order is the supreme order. Thai is
should dominate the whole of our
social relationships, and lhat these relationships depend upon our right relationship with God. From His teach-
i ings we. learn that the ideal Chris-
j tian's life should be lived in ideal re-
; lationsbip to Gnd, and to fail spiritu-
; ally, as some of us must undoubtedly
| confess we have, means that we must
j fail socially. All material things
I must   contrlbutg    towards    spiritual
erty,  Society  owes  to  all  thc  means1 ends, and failure tn contribute
of work, and all should work in older to live." Then came Carl Marx
who subjected socialism to scientific
treatment. He reduced vague aspiia-
tioiis to a system, and in his hand
socialism assumed an all-embracing,
coherent   theory   of   civilization.     In
ly means moral and spiritual failure.
Each of us must recognize that we
have a place to lill in the social order
of things^ if ever lhe trumpets of
Jubilee are lo resound over a redeemed and recreated- wo'ild, The dawn
of thc new and better day should not
he so very long delayed, if every man
(undated -what is known  as the Com- would   recognize
privileges  and
The   Hebrew    commonwealth   in   its],co-operation   with  Fngels  Marx  for-
carliest stages was an attempt to re-
alise  the great  ideal  of the  brother-  Ullltlist   Manifesto,   which" in   essence I obligations   of   Christian     citizenship,
hood of man.   To this end was dcvis-i was as  follows: j The  ideals  of  sonic  may  be  dreamv
ed the remarkable legal system of the I The   Communist   Manifest j *iml   transitory;     their    methods     of
Pentateuch,   part   of   which   we   have:     J. Abolition   of  property  and  land, I vv��rk ,ra<lical   f'-d   revolutionary,   and
read together this    evening,    aud  in]alu| t],e application  of g'ro,���,d  ,-,.,,.,_ I !10t always understood,    but  we can
to public purposes.
which we have seen the rights of the
poor were specially safeguarded.
The Hebrew Jubilee
Thc great year of jubilee, was to
be the semi-centenial of the Hebrews.
It was meant to last for one whole
year, during which the land was to
remain fallow*, and the Israelites were
only permitted to gather the spontaneous produce of the fields. All
landed property reverted during that
year to its original owner. All slaves
were liberated, and all debts remitted.
The blast of many trumpets resounded throughout Ihc land proclaiming
the advent nf this grand and glorious
time.    There  is  no  record,  however.
ground  rents
2. A   heavy   progressive
ated  Income Tax.
3. Abolition of all
4. Confiscation  of
emigrants and rebels.
5. Centralisation    of credit
>r   gradti-
rights of inheri-
thc   property  of
in  th
love each other just tbe same. We can
press mi together toward the mark,
for the prize offered to all who are of
pure motive and single eye. The
spirt of the Lord is upon us, that we
may preach, teach aud live, the Gospel of the evangel, and thus hasten
the dawning of the new era, when���
"The war drums will throb no longer
hands of the state by means of a na-; , , ,, , , , , . , ,
tional bank with state capital and an!, 'V, ff*?-battlerfags be furled
exclusive monopoly. !,n tl,.e Parliament of men, the federa-
6. Centralisation    if  the   means  ofj        """  of *'"' "'"T1'1* '
communication   and   transport   in  thci ���-��<���������
hands of the state.                                | THE LAST PHASE
7. Extension   of   factories     and   in-1      nir T.PlTiT CTDTI/TT 17
struments of production    owned  by,     ur UKC,fti  o-lKUUOL.il,
the state, the bringing of waste lands'     All the signs show that the nations
in Sacred Writ of the actual observ-l into cultivation, and tbe improvement  a' war are approaching the final stage
ance of this fact, but there are num
erous allusions which place il beyond
a doubt.
Advantages of Pentateuch System
The advantages of this institution,
had it been possible of inauguration,
were manifold, and have'been pointed
out as follows:
1. "It would have prevented Ihc accumulation nl land, nn the part of a
few, to the detriment of the community at large.
2. It would have rendered il
possible for anyone to be born ti
solute poverty, since everyone
his  hereditary  holding.
f the soil generally
3. Tbe  equal   obligation   of all   to
labor;     establishment    of     industrial
armies,  especially  for  agriculture.
9. Combination of agriculture with
manufacturing industries.
10. Free education of chi'dren in
public schools, and the abolition of
child labor iu  factories.
Aim of New Socialism
The immediate aim of socialism ti
.ays  Jane
work   on
T.  Stoddarl   in  her I is. ihe whol.
the   Xew  Socialism.[ a  lean   time
I of the great conflict.  The  begn i-
of the end has been reached. If students of war did not know on principle that now that lhe Allies have
achieved a preponderant strength the
decisive blow cannot long be delayed; they would certainly feel Instinctively that tbe world has entered into
such a slate of frenzy as must bc ils
own undoing from waste and exhaustion within a measurable period.
Such conditions cannol last. As ii
\nrid is threatened with
liter    the   war
un-  .
ali-  "is   more   comprehensively   expressed I which   dearness  aud  srarcily   will  be
had] than  in  the    Communist     Manifesto,  prevalent  till  thc  dnconqucrable  soul
i Its cardinal principle is that the state [of man  has  restored  the  fortunes  nf
3. It would have precluded those should take out of private ownership the nations, as we arc convinced il
inequalities, which are produced by the means of production, distribution, I wull, and life is re-established on a
extremes of riches and poverty, and and exchange. This single Sentence sounder and safer basis than would
which give one man dominance over contains tbe quintessence of the have been possible befof
another. .creed  drawn   up  at    Socialist    Con-
4. It would have utterly done awav   Srf.ss��'    The   workers,  as   Socialists
with  slavery '    believe, can be lifted out of their pres-
5. It would  have  afforded a  freshP*?' '"!T'y onIy. by thf establishment
ol a democratic work state. I his
policy has its destructive and its constructive side, destructive in its
schemes for getting rid of the present
capitalist  society,  constructive   in   the
, .  .regulations already  foreshadowed  for
6. It would have periodically recti-U),
opportunity, to those who were reduced by adverse circumstances, to
begin again their career of industry.
in the patrimony- which they had
temporarily forfeited.
lied the disorders which crept into th
state in the course of time, and precluded the division of the people into
nobles and plebians. It would have
preserved the theocracy inviolate."
Mystical Theorising of Small Import
There are many people in our
churches today* wdio are entirely
ignorant of the existence of this great
document. We have men in our
communities wdio take upon themselves the tasks of relating thc mysteries of Daniel, and Revelation to
modern conditions, but who, either
through indifference or ignorance,
overlook one of the most interesting
and human parts of our grand old
Bible. We are not, however, concerned so much with the mysteries of
the future life, as we are with the realities of the serious, and significant
present. Mystical theorising must always he subservient to the practical
and ethical, his splendid theocratic
constitution was, however, found to
be powerless against the innate selfishness of man.
he new order.   The first and greatest
problem   of   destructive   socialism   is  which 'slic"has"done" eve'rvthine
llf.t-t        nl     i Lim.... .-.-I,,.-        *!._. ....      __.  .... ���_ J. "
icen possible before these ter
rihle years of proving. We were
never more confident that thc Allies
will win if their cause he lint betrayed by Ihc blindness and selfishness
within  their borders.
As for continued sufferings after
the war. it is already evident that they
will fall chiefly to the share of Germany. That will be a judgment on
her wliich could scarcely bc averted
even by tbe  indulgence nf the wdiol
that    ol   dispossessing
; owners of property."
A condition of affairs such as is revealed by the latest statistics quoted
j recently by an able sociologist in tliis
i city is intolerable to a growing Chris-
' tian sentiment, and the dissatisfaction nf the socialist is justified when
we find tllat in the U. S. A. out nf
every thousand children bom in
luiines where the average income is
$10 per week 286 die; whereas out of
every thousand children bom in
homes where the average weekly income is $25 per week the mortality is
only 82. That, is out of every thousand children born in the U. S. the
average number slain by tlie high
cost of living is 182, and mark you,
this state exists at a time when,
according to latest returns the railway corporations made $600,000,000
profits, a packing corporation made
$95,000,000; and a comer on eggs
netted to the speculators $7,000,000.
"In  commercial  life,"  says    our  an- Journal
estrange and forfeit. She is destro
ing the ships that might bring her
food in her time of need, and her mad
effort to rule the people has destroyed her credit so that she will not
easily be able to pay the price to attract wanderihg cargoes to her
shores. All this is already perfectly
clear to the Germans, and their present actions are explicable only on the
ground that they have reached the
gambler's familiar point of insanity
when he stakes everything in his hand
on a wild chance.
It is war. War against imperialism.
War against barbarism. War for freedom. The tragedy of it. the horror of
it, the sorrow of it will be less- only
than the glory of it. For it will not
end until Prussianisjn is beaten and
broken or liberty is driven from the
earth. And the latter'altcrnative is inconceivable.   ���   Louisville       Courier-
I'or many months past, but never
more s.. than al tliis present moment,
when the casualty lists are so heavy,
after lhe fierce fighting around lhe
Vimy Ridge district, men and women
are asking tllis question, "Why docs
a kind Providence not intervene an-.
stop tiie great slaughter imw going
nn in Europe?"
ll may he. lhat we waste lime asking questions such as ihis. But there
are many who continually seek to
confuse the confessed Christian OU
questions of this kind, (inr faith gets
weak, and WC do noi sec ch arly the
point t" which we are being led. I he
nii-i nf tears, sofnetimes hides the
Ruck oi \ges from nur vision. Al
such times, we question ourselves
ami seen to restate our confidence
and 'rust in the leading and guiding
ol 'nur i.nr.l and King.
ft ff f.
Why dnes not God put a Stop to
thi^ aw ml war?
Because  I le cannot do sn,
i'.iu cannot the all-powerful God do
cvery thing?
N'o. Ile cannot prevent moral evil.
savi :n one nl two ways, either by annihilating the human race, or destroying nur manhood.
- inuiipotence does not mean the
power 10 dn the impossible and the
Omnipotence cannot make a round
square. That would be a contradiction in terms1. Omnipotence cannot
compel a free being. A man cannot
be compelled and at the same time be
...ii see, we are not machines,   Wc
are ��� ni puppets pulled by strings. W'e
''���'''   ! ir'mfiw "iii    *�� L'h""SL'    between
A father cannot; prevent bis children���-if Ihey arc real children and
not wax wolls���from quarrelling, except by putting them out of existence
���which would contradict his fatherhood.
The thoughtless athiest is never
tired nf telling us that God could have
Stopped, if lie liked, the "Titanic"
disaster (so plainly the result of
man's own choice of action), the
Messina earthquake, or even the torpedoing of the "Lusitania" by a diabolical and murderous set of pirates.
Just like unbelief! First is loudly
declares miracle* arc nol possible or
necessary: then it proceeds to demand lhat God should contradict His
own wise laws by a ceaseless capricious interference!
The point'to remember is that the
rule of our all-wise, all-loving Father
is "rule according to moral law." If
men acl like devils and war races in
all its fury, lie should not be expected suddenly lo lake away the
pbwer of choice  He has given  them.
The war will stop when mad"Germany comes to ils senses. For our
part we believe we chose rightly. W'e
chose honor rather than dishonor.
'Bight the day will win."
# ff ff
Meanwhile, as we ponder over the
whole great mystery oi pain, our
faith is undisturbed. God will not dn
what even^to Him is impossible: but
He is at work. He knows. He cares.
He suffers. He helps, Ile hears the
cry of His children.
We keep on praying in accordance
with what wc sincerely believe lo be
His holy will. It is that will thai will
be done in the end.
God cannot compel men tn hoc
Him  or  to love  each  other. .But  lhe
Who on Wednesday was crowned Queen oi the War Danco Carnival, now being carried on in Vancouver under the. direction of the Commercial Travellers.   Miss Siddons won tliis signal honor on a popular.vote of Vancouver
citizens.   In private life she is the telcho
operator ut the gjetit ware
house of Kelly, Douglas & Co., the home of the famous "Nabob" line of
household supplies, which arc u .11 kno,, n throughout the entire province.
Miss Siddons was nominated for Queen by Kelly, Douglas & Co., and was
accorded the detection on llie popular vote by un overwhelming majority.
At her place of omploymont, .she is now known ns the Nabob Queen.
Holy Spirit is now, as ever, striving
to lead men to the true and tbe good.
! They may resist the divine influence.
but  it  is  at  work,  and  it   is  that   we
' must pray for.
In tbis eternal con.tesl between
good and evil in thc world our heartl
are sore, and we sympathise with the
deep pain of the Father in  His disap-
11 ointment  with  men.
But the Lord is King, the Lord :^
overruling,   lhe   Lord  is  dealing  with
i tin- "c iiiscicnces" of men. the Lord :*
taking  care    of  the    poor,    helpless)
\ crowds who are being hurried into the
, Unseen in torture and sorrow.
I Some day out of all this misery and
woe God will bring good. More horror nf and, one (rusts, discontinuance
j oi   wars,  more longing lor a reign of
peace ou the earth, more solemn seriousness   in   a   frivolous   world   and   a
deeper   realisation   of   the   duly   and
j destiny of man.
The Church s message to the world
today,   as   Dr,   I'atersoii-Smyih 'says,
"The  Lord is  King,  be  lhe  people
never so impatient. lie sitteth be-
tween the cherubiius. be the cart!,
never so Unquiet'.'-'���Ps..  xcix..  1.
Tn know  ihe Christ nf God,
The everlasting Son;
To know  what He on earth
For guilty man  has done:
This is  lhe first and last
(if all that's true and wise;
The- circle that contains all light
Beneath,  above,  tbe  skies.
Father, unseal my eyes,
Unveil my veiled heart.
Reveal this Christ to me!
"hrisi wlm tonk man's flesh,
o  lived mail's  life  below;
died  man's death  for man���
death of shame and wi c.
'hrist who from the cross
vended  to man's grave.
rose in  victory and joy,
jhty to bless and save!
atber. unseal my eyes,
nveil my veiled heart.
Reveal tllis Christ to me!
��� Iloratius Bonar.
Always in lhe Lead
The NABOB Queen
became Queen of the
Carnival This Week SATURDAY,  MAY 5,  1��I7.
Your Telephone Is Of
Greater Value Every Day
���X* HE more telephones there
* arc the more value your
telephone is. IE you could
reach everyone by telephone,
your telephone would be al its
maximum value. This, how
ever, is not probable.
The number of telephone
users is increasing every day.
It means thai in British Columbia ihe telephone subscriber is able lo reach 300 mure
subscribers each month.
Nn  other commodity gives
such good value as   your tele
phone service.
Women Liberals Elecl New
Officers At Annual Meeting
Large Gathering Hears Reports oi Work Accomplished
During Past Year���Delegates Entertained at Luncheon.
I, IMI  lll.l.l-III _    \l   l
(Beetlea   m i
Inevitable    That    Advertising   Rates |
Must Increase.
Speaking   ior   the    newspaper  out-   ,-,  THB UAn*BR of Applicatton   ������'������
look   mr   IV]/   and   iln-   inevitable   in-       ::'*-'."l   and
crease in the price of newsprint ���
the Editor and Publisher, a \'<-'..
trade pape| dei oted t ��� the new -
business, says:
"Ai   prohibitive    price*    publishers
nol  use  normal  suppl ���
prim      Economics,   ��� i   the      aractei
already  in  force in  -    mail)   office*
will become gi i eral   and hut,
till.    When waste has I ���
IN THE    IATTEH "I  Lots fifteen   I ' '���>
ifxteeti  (Ifl), Block five  (5), re-
iubdi. i-i-.n  -.1   soulh   Eisl]   o|     . o   .
in.-    I ....   Ill-Ill, I    l.cl.-       1 II    ,,n.;
Municipality    <i   South     Vancouver,
llap    ���
TAKE NOTICE lhal the above ape
- ion         made '"  refflst. r Thi
lit ���          Co umblfl      Life      A -.mi
Con pan)   .     o�� ner In  i tj the n bo  ���
I   ��� U��J v.     1:11,1     ; ,.|      1 i,.-     I. .   u. In     11,,
Th.    British   Columbia   Lire    '     ura
��� !ompan)  of     Certificate ������'   Ind. fi
thn mill their largi       ���   o
always  been  accorded   favorable  lin
h.-i  Tn .���-..���         d that In   nippi rt
nated, the next    tep     ill    en       I    -    ,,-    ,. ,    ,,,.      ���  ,,,,_
\|,.   \\    ||   Crillin.    organizer and   the   pli asurfc    "i   meeting   !��� ���      Hot     in sizes of the issues     Fewer pas duced a   mortgage  ">  fee  i'r-.ni   m. ��� ���
,'.-,   president oi  the  Woman',   Lib-1 Geo.   ,-   Graham and  lv  XI.  Macd  ,     mow advert   - er, ! ' '���,-;.",. Ttal ���
eral   \ssociatkm,  presided at  the an-  aid. two eastern  members. increased rates.    .   is     ill lie thi      -     doted nih ,\u_ 912, tn   I
nual   meetii ���   last   Kriday   afteriioo'n Invited  to  Victora K'-v  everywhere.   And   thus   will --���- r ' -   ������m   ���    Biid an Order In   ���
at the Blue Room of the Hotel \ an-      - i ,���  April 5 of this  year,     -    - ",,".'"     .    '      ;!
couver. invited     I -   Victoria     to  bc em   *'-- .','"'"
|���  ,naking  reference  to  the  spleli-   when     the   lieutenant-govemo!      .,  ,    ��t��*?,,J' *"*    5ortV�� ;'    '"
did amount of work that had been ac    his assent to the suffrage bill. A large        r�� ,mci
,���,lslu-,l     ince   the   formation   ol   number of women avaUed themselves   'T'''"""   "   .m'e!   ,
the  organization.    She  said   that   al-  of this opportunity, and  wen   ,   ������ ���     mus*  be raised,
though ii was a.political organization   tained at dinner by the  Hon. thc
its  other activities   had  been    many.  torncy-General,     M.    V     Sia ���������
Siu- referred to' April 5 as a "red let-  an<    >Ir   J.  VV, dell.   Karris, our  i .
ler day," being  lhe  day  when  equal   Vancouver  members.   In  thc evening
suffrage  was broughl   down  and   the  lhe Victoria Liberal   Vssociation gan
bill made law, making the women ��� f a reception  in honor of the  Van
our   province   "citizens"   in   the   true   ���'''  - I'itor* at  which  spe.   lies  .mm ��� b   , protest when
sense of the word.    She said that she , n��d��    bjMrs   Griftn,   Mrs.   farris    ���., v ,���,,,.������. .,       , more for ,
felt   lhat   the   women     should     con-  Mrs.   McConkey    and   Mrs.   McGil * ���       ha|    .  ,     . .,,.,,
returned home with no ..  , ,�� . ,.      ,
1   '���e''s*1*   *""1   I'1*'''-"'" know   thai     publishing     costs    have
greatly    increased���thai     ad erti
ipace costs more, hem -   n Ml - II
Jas.   Staples   presented   Mrs.   Griffin  'vl,;'.1   they had  promised,
with a leather purse and  Mrs. Stan-     "Some time ago we weri
lev   Brown   with   a   large   bottnuet
i .       ��� f ���     of  thi     9 .in- me     Co   ri
I -       i between     thc        'I
- -,.    mbla   I.i������-   '���       i -       -
r.  ��� ���     '���    , . -���.:   Henry  ��� >---:��� r
i.  . I. ��� tl M., -1 -_ s    ! i    ...    ��� ,I
'.      t- ��� m-Ii- rendants,   >< hi r  b
y.i i   < ��� ,   ,|   owner    if I_oi
rliht. tltli     u 6
���   i.   and   - "-'I'��� " ri dempl    n d
perly.    I hese ran-- are, ir     i,. ��� >���.  .-i.t
it cosl conditions, far i
low. They may r ,- .-..;��� anced materially, withoul serious In-- to business.     Merchants    will     protest,
p.ratulatc   themselves   for   the   conli- ^<
dence placed in the members elected am win   oi   ueugnt   aim   pleasure   i
had been full) justified and thev have think  thai  we had aided in electing a
lived up In their pre-election pledges governmeni   that   had   already   signi
On  behalf of  the  organization,   Mrs lied   iheir   willingness   to  dn   for   n-   n',
tune ago  we  were ajl or any M
hit' towards  furnishif A child |    "Briggs  seems in he
trnations,  in which  eaclrsuit-  for ""'  Military hospital  for '�� a gar-���crank    ol  the    cxtrcm
ed wounded soldiers. W'e asl "r any should say he is. Why.
mis,imi to furnish tuehc 1 <se lhal I anything t- dn with ���
as  these  wen-  nol   availableat   is   re-  ihey frequently lake a
W'U   FfRTHET.   T'l-M'   ���:���
���   .-     ������       . hi    . f.-r-i
....    i i   ���   ,      i.   . .    .. i ., :
. ���     -       -.      -   '     ��� ,    -i
Raid land ;  "
..      ��� ���       .-,
i--. .- , i ,   i, . [|     , ���
��� |   . .!-,.���       .,.   ������
I in-    pr. ' ��� r
vour -
. n bi r,  A fi
i-i- il i
i      i ..,.,���
_;\r r-i-r r
r  "f  Till"
i o joir:  v .TON.
, ably replied.
The   following  officers   were  .-I, .-t.
'[ed:   Honorary  president.   Mrs.   \V    11
Griffin;     president,      Mrs.     Stanje)
Brown;    first    vice-nresident,    Mrs
Ralph   Smith:   second   vice-oresidenl
, Mrs.   Patrick   Donnplly:   third   'i".'-
] president.       Mrs.     W      If.     St ���
li fourth     vice-president,     v,rs.     '���'    ''
ICrandall;    secretary,      Mrs.    f.    I
liWilkes;    conveners    nf  co***,r��:tt'*,*'i
I Laws.   Mrs.   Tames   11.   Ma-'dll-   njni
Inl" work. Mrs   I. W   d,-P    Fa"'*	
==illll: lertaiiiineiil. Mrs. McDuffy. with  ""rs
irtook  tn furnish  hvo veran'g over :��� j
sun parlors. fresh  wa-
|    Mrs. McBeath very kindly' "ne halt
I the use of her home  where   keep llu
a  bridge  and   tea.   a   mai;iiili<"''cks   lin
being realized  fm-  this  wortH   '"r   '�����
Greetings  from   Victoi
Mrs.    Galbraith.    preside
Victoria   Women's    Liberal
li        -aid   that   she   felt   lhat
a great deal t.. tlu-  \
a-- -. iation  by  tin
he ,-...
|\   imi    MATTER  oi' tin: ������iii:\i:\-
Ol.r'.NT  SOCIKTIISS'   \< T."    . Ml
V M l:\lllli: VIS   THERETO I
mi.   henct
I cool  am
a delight-
��� ind tviches
rea'i   help   (riven
Several thousand officers and <:
Railway Company enlisted I'or aetivl'
Expeditionary Forces, und tlie ma]
bravely battling I'or Canada and tli-
,     h.v mvon .... Ihwr ii
i IT I'
ii   ,-i   -n-.-i
ill.-h    I'm
.1 eenei il
nbla l_"t,-
���ld   ..(   -:^
I Ptahles  p.  act   wilh   her;  press,   Mm   a
Fred Patterson. Ward conveners wil'  by  Mrs.  Farris and  Mrs.  McConkey.l     I'nder the above h<
j he elected at  a  coming .special  meet-      It was decided thai greetings would   lo   ECootenaian   made
inpr. I"' sem  frmn the organization to the|editorial  comment:
(Intario Women's I.i! eral A.ss,,,-i,-
tir.ii ai its annual meeting, and als
thai   assistance   he   .yi.cii   in   the   la
iHlJiif.r ij ,,,
e   Ka-        A.
il. i
iter.-.- -
ll  ill 111
Secretary's Report
'This is the close of ;, year's heavy
i whal  hod;.-  oi women  has  ever been   \\-j
I faced with three elect imi- in one vear.
Gas Range Week
May 7-12 Inclusive
25 per cent, off all appliances this week and
25 feet piping free on purchases of over
I as we were, and still mure, successful
in all three? At lhe annual meeline'
lasi   year,  a   splendid  i cccutive     vas
I elected to help carr* mi thc year's
"ll  is nut  al  all  enlarging,  when   I
say tllat  Mrs. Crillin. as president for
lor  t!n-
.-inji appointe
Deleg?tes' Reports
"Our  present     system     nf  Imi
mineral   claims   appear-    in   l;e
well designed t-> encourage, ns n
as   possible,   lack   nf   den In; mci
mir mineral resources.
"Any person ha-, ing am.      .:'
can. under the present   Brit -'   Col
Delegates were present    from  sur-  |,ja   |aWs,  tinker  around  .,'   so  n
rounding   district-.     New    W'estmins    ,���-,-  linker,   and   then   whin   I    ki
ler,  Mrs.  Gilley,  president, ced   >'���-_    (o   l!u,   ,._tjnl;lll.,i    n,,���;l-.i   .'
McAdam.   secretary     Victoria,     Mr-.   $500 i��  completed,  he  can      -  ti
Gilbraith;   South   Vancouver,   Mr-.  J.  mining   recorder,    and   after
.lack-mi and  Mi.-s  McGeer;   N'anaimo.   1,*��� >;i 1  formalities  have   beei
ir pasi two vears. na- seive<i vou  pi   ., ,       , .   ... .,. ~
i.Mrs.    Uiamond    and   Mis-    Waugh:  with,   obtain   a   crown     grant,
Cedar Cottage, Mrs. Buckingham and | thereafter,   whether   he   develops
received   mine  or  not.  pays   taxes  ai  lhe  rat
i -'' a-���' i' -ll.'l 1 . ' , ,l   i u o hit s   i>er  a.-r,
ian tin    in   her   duties  tn  our   organ-    i;,. , .    ���        *       ���      ,  ,   ��� "'  lwo   "������   'H1  ,llM-
inanking ihc  association   , ���;���  n-    et-      ���������]���],,.  mitK��n1 ]���,-���.< nt      -������      ���' ���'
"The     four     \ ice-presidents ���A
Crandall,   Mrs.   Donnelly,   Mrs.   1!
in !������ -1" <t ���
'I'--    ring   '������ 'L!*-ih._.-r nu- persona in-
etfted in the Logg'ing busjiiHtte tin net
in Ui<   J.   ,.t-'..-, as eiiiiiuie t'or ni<.ni-
t   aD'lity,   Riving   her
y   without   ever   rom-j Jfj"1 M7s,;^e,    A k.lu.r
olammg:  and  has particularly fron]  ,,u.      M    A
"   '"-'"'" | iharkin...   tl,,-  associatioi
I ler   oi   appreciation   w i
lhe passage of iln- sttfTri
"���-.   Gilley,  prcsi lent
{sociation, spok : a te i-
ing am!  gav ��� an null
' i i  that organization.
eral     4   -
it  iln
dersnn   and   Mrs.   Smith,  have  alwr
been   willing  in   take  their  share
the  responsibilities.
Social   Functions   Successful
"Mrs.  Stables,  as  convener  of  theI ham, president nf ihe Cedar Cottag
social,   committee,    Iris,   on   all   oc- Women's     Liberal      V-snciatim,.   es
asions,  done   her  hest   tn  make  mir! plained that the association  was new
states i" tlie smith
1   -. quite sueh a .-1
when ii conn
a mineral claim.
do   -n   main    feet
before in- can gel
i-ii  Columbia  any
an elastic coilscien
-n-.-is  .,f  things  -n
and   i'.
is   lm-
i   pay
can  pill
social  functions  successful.
"As press correspondent, Mrs. McGill has always been ready to do he:
duty, whether il lie 9 o'clock in iln
morning or  IJ at  midnight
ly organized but   thai
grossing   favorably,     I'm-   the   Sotttl
Vancouver association    Mrs. Jacksoi
reported   lhal   there   were   nov
neinbers   a,id   much   patriotic
Digs Up Two Bits���Sits Down
"Having     got   his     claim     cro'
ranted, tlie ov. n< r ca-   --��� n a
xt) 'take  it   easy,  as   long    ,-   hi   digs
rk : ihe tun hits per acre  tax. Tin- fell.
ol    V��
i lorrai
ti i I'm- ii
Cake Baking Contest
Carrall and I fastings
ll.W Granville St.
Phone Sey.
un- i..
���li   is  almost  an   impossibility   for had_ been   accomplished,   nearly   $100  owning  the   adj,
me m give Mrs.  Farris all thai is d-.e  havl"�� b.e.n ra,-!?d ,U,rl,"�� ,lu' l;,M lew    ' n,ctl""e ,'"  th,c
her as convener oi ihe plan fm- work h'e<1*s'* .  Mrs.  Diamond,  ol   Nanaimo.  opment-and perliaps improve the val
She has always given her best efforts    "lanked   the  Vancouver  organization  ue oj Ins neighbor - emu,:,, !,-.  strik-1 lumbt
time  and  brain-power  and  conducted  f��r  'h�� ���<''"   invitation, and said  that   ing   ,1   rich.      Mien   the   otner   claim-      "���
her  duties   successfullv,  as   has   beet    she  felt lha    *he c**"se  "'   Liberalism   owner promptly raises the ante when   ^^
demonstrated in  the three past de -  wa^AFand. ?"c ,       .      anybody offers to buy his gr .und   He       n.v
(l0||. Visiting   delegates   were   entertain-  has  toiled   not,   neither   has  he  keen I day <
"These officers, and your recording ��' at a '"ncheon in ihe Hudson's Bay  busy with tlu- loom, yel he i- in a po-
seeretarv.   wlm    has    also  acted     is  ���-'"-"��  J0"111   '>' ,,lu'   Vancouver   Wo-  sition   to   block   further   develoument
treasurer   and   corresponding^ seerc-  ir?,n ?tfL,,ll?ra'    -V-'"^"'""'. "hen   a ; o.  a  rich and promising   mineral -ec- ^__.
tarv   fm-   some   time,   have   hroin-1     Ichghtful time wa*s spent prior to the | tion, perhaps, because   I       ���  inclined |
work    i<-
vour   years
Eleven Executive Meetings
.initial   meetin
ie   present   wen | In play  lhe  ll.
"There ought  t i he  some  way dc-
-i-il   to   make   crown-granted   cla-m
Mrs. W.  II. Griffin,  Mrs. J. \V. del
h'arris.   Mrs.   Stanley     Brown,     Mrs
Jas. Stables, Mrs. J. H. MacGill, Mrs owncrs ,,,.. or ,-ls,- gel ,���, from thc
Since our last annual t.ieefim we R. E. ( r.������ all. Mrs. Patrick I),...- , t:1,,u, T|���v ,,,������ ,,��� ,,,.,r .,,,,,. v,.u,
have had eleven executive meeiine.-. nelly Mrs Henderson. Mr-. Ralph paving Iheir lax.-s ie most cases onlv
as well as .mr regular mmithlv ".-.-'    Smith,        Mrs      Gilley.       president  when ,|leJ   have to. and Waiting for
intts. 'S" * mi- seereiar.v sent pul Z38   el ni     the     New     VVestniinst
tors,  as  well  as  invitations,  constitu men's     ' ihcral       Association;     Mr-.
lions, etc. In June of lasi year a ccr AieA         ...'..,.,   ...'.,   We-iniius-
siieecssful garden party   al the home ter    Women'-    Liberal     \ssoci__tii "
of Mrs. Farris, when a large number Mrs.    Galbraith,    president    Vicl  na
of  members enrolled. Women's   Liberal    Vssociation;   Mrs.|
"W'e have chosen  as otir color- j, Jackson, president South Vancouvti
re<l ami white���carrying bul litis ,- I ,.r;   mjss   .\K-(",<-er.   secretary     S-mi,
or-scheme  whenever  possible. Vancouver:  Mrs.  Diam
* ' someone else to conn- along and make
iheir hii of ground valuable by making  a  strike  mi   territory   adjoining
Larbalestler, Hern <i ClerK
l_aw. Robert Appronlice
Lelteh, Joseph I_oeo. Fireman
Lloyd, siaiihw Messenger
McCarthy, Sidney Wiper
Through  Tickets
"Shortly alter the elect'oij. we heh'   Nanaimo   Women's   Liberal   A <-
ilofklkeire9 Pay May 14 th
BOOK     .  ll
SHOP Corner Homer and Hastings St.
Mi Douga]l, llavid I..  Brakeman
..  luncheon  in   lhe  Vancouver   Hole! tion;   Miss   Waugh.   Xanaimo;'" .V.. s'i ,UMkW?^
ai which about one hundred ami lift. Buckingham     aud     Miss     McShane.   printed  false reports of  the evidence]
I women attended to celebrate the vie- president and secretary  nf tlie  Cedar   of   D'Arcy  Tale  before   ihc   I'.  (',.   I. I
tory  of  the   Liberals  th touch   whom Cottage   Women's   Liberal     Associa-  probe committee and that it was pos-
we   are   to    receive    .the    franchise tion.                                                           sible steps would have to he taken to
Soeeches were given by Mrs   Griffin The retiring president,  Mrs.. W,   hi.   call press gallcrj members before the
! Mrs. Smith. Mrs. Jamieson, Mrs   M  -1 Crillin.   was   presented   with   a   hand-   bar of the House  for an explanation.
Conkey,  Mrs. Farris anil  Mrs.   II.  ( solnely    illuminated    address    and   :i       He defended the cost  of ihe  Price,
Wood.    A   number  of cohgratulatorv beautiful   Russian   leather  purse   with   Waterhouse   audit     ami   said   that   il
| telegrams   were   also   read.   A   larire solid gold  inside  fittings.                        'would average S60 a  day  rather than
I bouquet of red and white flowers wa- The  meeting  closed  with   the   \Ta- $153, as claimed by thc leader of the
placcd in front of our president. tional Anthem.                                            opposition.    Such an audit was neces-
Affiliated With  Associations  ��� ��� ���  sary tb clean up the disorganized con-
"During  th.   year,   the  associati n 'VVOUD  BAR  ENEMY             'lition  of the  hooks  of  the  province
became affiliated with the  /ancouver tt_-mo t_*t_>/~_i./t \7/-\t*txt_-.  and to Permit tl"* ��-��' government to
'Central   Liberal   Association     which AJL..!.____ IN ��) F KUM   VUHJMCjr  have a fresh start.
consists of the women resitting in the        ^    ��� i ���	
wards 1, 2. 3 and 4; and the  Burrard!      Toronto,   Mav  4.��� Ry  a  majority i oy-p r-\Tf''K' M_-PT?T'ni?
Liberal Association consisting of wo- of 17 to 5  the  City Council    passed,   *MK ul^^- 1V1CD_K1JL��H,
Ogden Shop--
A reel a
Midi- Ine Mat
Sutl erland
Ottawa, May 4.���Before the adjournment of the House of Commons
last night tliere was an interesting debate of a motion by A. K. McLean
that no further appointments should
be made to the Senate until after a
general election. Mr. McLean argued that the government was really a
war emergency government, since
the extension bill of last session. \n
vacancies due to death were being
filled in the Commons, and it was unfair to one political party that the
other should make all the Senate appointments during a war emergency
Sir Thomas White and Hon. Arthur
Meighen opposed the -motion on he-
half of the government.
Sir Thomas White said that while
it was desirable that elections should
bc avoided during war time, there
could be no objection to the filling
of  Senate  vacancies.
Dr. Michael Clark asked the government not to take a definite stand
on the matter until the return of tin-
Prime  .Minister.
The motion was declared lost on
A vicar has given his parishoners
permission to bring their knitting to
church. He cannot complain if during the sermon their wits go woolgathering.���London < Ipinion.
men residing in wards 5. 6. 7, S and after an animated debate, a resolution
N'orth Vancouver. These two ass >- to petition the Dominion Parliament
ciations arc for federal purposes only, to provide that only such naturalized
We also affiliated with the parlia- natives or alien enemy countries as
mentary organization and your laws j have lived in Canada I'or twenty-five
committee has attended the meetings, years shall be allowed to exercise the
whenever notified. Here questions oij franchise at any election in war time,
law conic up for discussion, and it is; or until otherwise provided, except
a great benefit to our organization, j such naturalized natives of alien
"We have also appointed a com enemy countries as arc on active ser-
mittee on economics with Mrs. Smith vice themselves or have sons or
as convener. This committee was daughters on active service in the
formed   with   the   idea   of  discussing] Canadian expeditionary force or otber
the question of the high cost of living, and to aid with the B. C. Consumers' league, the wives of soldiers
and sailors when deemed advisable.
You, no doubt, will later hear of some
interesting work from this committee.
"A short time ago. the Vancouver
Central Liberal Association invite-1
the women to a reception given in
the  Hotel  Vancouver,  where  we  hail
branches of His Majesty's forces:
secondly, to request the government
"to arrange for the deportation after
the war of all natives of enemy countries now in Canada who may use
seditious language or exoress sympathy with the Germans in the war.
and that the immigration laws Be
amended to prevent such people being again permitted to enter the
London���Sir Richard McBride's
friends seem to expect his return to
Canada to enter federal politics. His
h alth. which has been most unsatisfactory, is improved. No#official intimation has come from Victoria of
any intention to dismiss Sir Richard
and sell or lease the handsome new
government building at Waterloo
Place, but it is considered not at all
unlikely that the. new British Columbia Government will act along these
He kissed her rosy lips.
Just kissed them in a frolic
Ah. 'was a dear, dear kiss,
For he died of painter's colic.
���Punch   Bowl.
llled or woiiffils"
Wounded      ^
Shell shock
I lied of wounds
to the Old Country,
Alaska, China and
For full
particulars apply
to any
C. P. R.
Having purchased a large consignment of high quality white paper at a
very reasonable price, we are now in
a position to give close prices mt catalogues, books, pamphlets, dodgers,
etc. The Standard Job Department.
436 Homer Street: 'phone Sey. 470. SIX
��lje &tattfcar&
Published every Saturday at 426 Homer Street, Vancouver
Telephone Seymour 470
Reeiatcred   at   the   Poet
Beoonii  Class  Mall  Matter.
Office   Depa-tment,   Ottawa,   af
Kingdom.  Newfoundland
lUBSoni prion
To all polnta In Canada, United
New Zealand and other Hritish
P.��i(;.t:'- to American. European inn other foreign criuntrle.
11.SO per year extra.
The Standard   will   be delivered   to  any   address  In  Van
eouvt-r or vicinity at ten cnts a month.
Member of the Canadian Press Association.
The Standard, with which Is Incorporated the Satuldav
Chinook, circulates In Vancouver and the cities, townn, vll
litre! and settlements throughout British Columbia. Ir
politics the paper is Independent Liberal.
Printers. .
...The- Standard Company
Standard Job  Department
Manitoba Fire Waste Due to Carelessness
Farming in Canada After the War
Phone Seymour 9086
We Write Insurance in Sound, Reli
Dow Fraser Tr
122 Hastings St. West.        McKay
The future of the Canadian fanner should be a question of vital interest and importance not merely in the
farmer, bul to all Canadians, for the following reasons:
The development of Ibis country depend.-- very
largely upon his success. With greater production
from the soil greater industrial and commercial activity inevitably follows.
llritain will undoubtedly turn to Canada to supply
her deficiency in grain and other farm products if the
Empire is to become self-supporting.
If farm colonies are to be formed for llie soldiers on
their return it is most important that they shall be successful.
The cost of living depends largely oil the proportion
of persons cultivating the land.
If tbis reasoning is correct is it not our duly to take
stock of the agricultural resources of the Empire and
to aid in making life on the farm more attractive in
order that a larger proportion of our citizens will make
their living from the products of the soil ?
.,, I'l.the first place then let lis sec what Canada can do
permitted   lo   settle   finally   her   own .-,,,, . .     . . ,
lawsuits.'When, in 1S75, "she cstah-l-*, ofTCy M1 fan11 l"'��'ll,cts as flle
lished a supreme court at Ottawa she inshitp ',as brought the question
was compelled to forego that power. - 'jftual'. living in the  llritish  Isles
llie   Gospel   were   spoken,   had ^hei'iTl'lic'"-U-t() t?n,W
teen such a contribution made to the
-iscussion of this great subject which
lad  such, far-reaching effects.
The Germ of Socialism
The germ of socialism is contained
i.i   the  famous  declaration  of   Rous-
ieau, "Each of us puts in cortuiion his
| goods, his person, his life, and all his
] powers  under   the  supreme   direction
|oi thc general will, and we collective-
; ly receive, each member    as an indi-
| vidua] part of the whole."
what it eats.
have  bee? ot' *nc fo"0w'"S' 'tl'nl
Jesus Chrre:
day,   as   |
the  worlds	
establish I'" '
Christ and	
must reml..	
the people'
like the N     	
heard     I lii	
| might, and	
has done f .
Client a
414 Pender St. West
Vancouver, B. C.
Canadian Financiers/Trust Co.
^si��_i��ii*��-'*i'%����***��***n^****^^"'***^'w^'^*>*''^'m>**^*'** i-j-i-jn-r-j-nyX-Ti-O
Incorporated 1907. First Company to obtain Registration under the B. C. Trust Companies' Act.
(Certificate No. 1)
Executor, Administrator, Trustee under Wills,
Mortgages, Marriage Settlements, Receiver, Liquidator and Assignee, Fiscal Agent for Municipalities
for sale of Debentures, Registrar and Transfer
Agent for Companies. Agent for Real Estate and
collection of Rents.   Insurance and Investment.
839 Hastings Street West
.-  30,000,000
�����--*   : V'.". .".':���.' "....���...  23.000,000
Corn     57,000,000
Flour    27,000,000
Trouble With First Mortgages
It is not now an unusual occurrence, in the Western
proviiiccs.tn discover that a first mortgage is not a first
mortgage. This fact was strongly impressed upon a
Winnipeg loan company when it discovered recent.) a
seed grain lien of $468.30 with interest at 5 per cent
from April IS, 1915, and a feed lien of $75.20 with interest from January 1. 1''If*, registered ahead of what
had been regarded' as ;: firsl mortgage for $730 on
town property. The mortgagor of tliis property bad
two quarter sections against which seed and feed liens
totalled in March $859. According to the letter of thc
law the advances for feed and -ced "shall be a debt
due ... to His Majesty and shall be a charge
upon any real property . . . and upon any crops
. . . having priority* over all other liens, taxes,
charges or other encumbrances whenever created . . .
upon such property "
The mortgage company t!v*refo|_e cannot dear thc
title to the property in question without first paying
off the seed and feed liens, registered against it, and
its nominal value is now about $1,200. and would at a
forced sale perhaps bring very much less, drain and
stock arc not produced on city or town property and
for tliat' reason tbe term "real property" in the relation in which it isnised ought reasonably to be limited
in its application to farm property or "real" grain or
livestock raising property. As interpreted by thc department, however, the Winnipeg mortgage or other
company, or mortgagee, under similar circumstances,
will have to whistle for tlieir money until such time as
the government takes action to collect the advances it
Tbis kind of treatment accorded Jo lenders has a
verv depressing effect upon credit of \Vestcrn borrowers upon mortgage security and will doubtless make
it more difficult to induce capital to come to Canada
for use in aiding the extension of agriculture in tllc
West.    '
Of this amount only 200 million dollars worth were
produced in the Hritish Empire, leaving 478 millions
to come from foreign farms. Is it not time w'e asked
ourselves if it would not be to our mutual advantage
to grow what we eat.
A market of 478 millions in less than a dozen essential food products is not to bc despised as it is equal
to the total export trade of this country for the same
In regard to improvement of our rural life no better opportunity will be given us to show what can be
done to improve conditions on the farm and to make
life in thc country more attractive to our citizens, than
by the farm colonies proposed for the soldiers on their
return. _
In these colonies loneliness can bc obviated; the advantages of co-operation in buying farm implements,
seed, fertilizers, etc., and in selling the products from
the farms can be obtained, guidance and expert advice
from tbe central farm of eacli colony (run either by
men from one of the agricultural colleges or by expert farmers) may be procured, schools, doctors and
stores will be in close proximity and recreations can
easily be provided.
It has to be borne in mind that agricultural recruits
will require practical training and experience in local
conditions before they can expect to become successful
farmers, but is it not the duty of our government to
see that this training is procurable and is made the
first step towards success.
Insurance Against the Inheritance Tax
tax., and,.so it
inn oi socialism in
(lay, '   says  Jane  T.  Stoddart   in  lu,
recent  work  on  the   New  Socialism
"is  more  comprehensively
than iu the   Communist
Its cardinal principle is that the
should take out of i
."* ucto tesls,   alter
inunity at large.
2. It would have rendered il impossible for anyone to he horn to absolute poverty, since everyone had
his  hereditary  holding.
3. It would have precluded those
inequalities,   which^ are   i.ro.t.v-.,...'-..
a man has departed this life and he is powerless to enforce bis will, is life insurance. When a man takes
out a life insurance policy for the protection of bis dependents, says the "Insurance Observer," he is riot
only trying to do business in heaven, but he is doing
it. After thinking of the many ways that wills have
been set aside and the estates of testators diverted from
the named beneficiaries, it is refreshing to note that
the life insurance policy is not broken because of the
incompetency of the insured, or of undue influence,
or of conflicting provisions, or some technical defect
in the execution of the instrument. Even the inheritance tax does not waylay it yet, neither do creditors
break through and steal the proceeds.
 1 ~ ___��� i	
Increased B. C. Lumber Cut
A decided impetus has been given inheritance tax
insurance in the L'nited States by the recent insurance
of bis life for $2,500,000 by J, Pierpont Morgan. The
object of this insurance is to pay the inheritance tax
on his estate when he dies. This plan of life insurance, while quite common in England, is new to this
continent, and this is the first case of any considerable
magnitude, It might appear at first thought) says the
Detroit "Indicator," that so large an estate as Mr.
Morgan's might easily  take c~_~ .... ����� . ���......iti.nce
might were, there anv certainty as to the
-I  .-..,,i_i
It is stated that the value of the lumber cut for the
Province in 1916 will show an increase over that of the
previous year, when the value was pu,t at $29,150,000.
Tbe demand for lumber (luring thc last year shpwed
an improvement, and prices generally were higher.
The best previous year was 1913, when the value of
the cut was $33,500,000. It is predicted that this
year's value will be well up to this latter figure.
A feature of last year's lumber business has been
the increase in shipments to Ontario. The demand
there has resulted in doubling shipments from this
Province, especially for flooring, paneling, mouldings,
etc. The fact that these shipments have been made by
rail indicate the popularity which the British Columbia products have secured in the East.
be in at the time of death, Tin
this lax alnl leaves the cslali
whielpditions can be studied and ad-
prevaliediale availability of the money
.,...,,,. ,,,,,..,.. i,;,,;"' mi'n. >u*e tax insurance its especial
value, as all present needs can bc met at once, and the
integrity of the estate preserved. In this connection
it is interesting to note that the supreme court of Massachusetts has rendered a decision to thc effect that the
proceeds of a life insurance policy are not subject to
an inheritance tax. Tbis renders the purpose for
which inheritance tax insurance is taken more certain,
and emphasizes thc advantages of life insurance as an
This insurance is intended to provide for not only
the state inheritance tax, but also the federal. According to a table prepared by the Mutual Life, this latter
tax is at the rate of 1 per cent., or $500 on the first
$50,000, and the rate increases until on an estate of
$5,000,000 it is $341,000. On all amounts in excess of
$5,000,000 it is 10 per cent. As an illustration as to
how the inheritance tax works, the case of Lamon V.
Harkness, an official of thc Standard Oil Company,
who died January 17, 1915, is given by the Mutual
Life. His estate was appraised at approximately
$100,000,000, and it paid to New York State an inheritance tax of between $3,000,000 and $4,000,000.
Had he died ou or after September 8. 1516, his estate
would have been compelled to pay the Federal tax
also, amounting to $10,000,000, thus bringing the total
tax to almost i5 per cent, of his estate. The law provides that lhe tax must be paid within a year after thc
death of the property owner, and should it remain unpaid 90 days after tbe expiration of this year of grace,
the government can satisfy its claim by foreclosure.
The executor of an estate is immediately confronted
with certain pressing obligations and ready money is
needed.   If there should not be enough money on Ijand
Will Canada Benefit by Huge U. S. Loan?
Now that the l'nited Stales government is putting
through a loan of seven billion dollars for war purposes, three billions of which is to be handed over to
the use of the Allies at a low rate of interest, 3 1-2 to
4 per cent., the question becomes interesting as to
whether or not Canada is going to benefit financially by
being able to borrow for war purposes from tllis loan,
and at this low interest rate. There would appear to
be no good reason why Canada should not be entitled
to a share of this huge sum as Well as Creat Britain,
France and the other Allies.
If this should conic about, and wc would in the future bc able to borrow for war purposes at the rate of
3 1-2 to 4 per cent, per annum, this fact should materially .affect our outstanding war loans, which now
bear interest at better than 5 per cent. Such a revision
of the financial chart should mean that our present
outstanding securities, issued for war purposes, would
go materially higher. As everybody knows, money in
the United States is very much cheaper than in Canada. For instance, first-class municipal bonds are
selling in that country around 4 per cent., while Canadian  securities equally good,  are bringing arouni
5 1-2 to 6 per cent.
It stands to reason that if Sir Thomas White is able
to borrow two or three hundred million dollars on advantageous terms from the United States there will be
no more domestic loans for war purposes for a long
period lo come, which would mean that wc would bc
able here in Canada to pile up our surplus wealth for
use later on.^
Munitions Orders Are Important Factor
According to a report by Mr.
man of the Imperial Munitions
minister of finance, the orders
equal lo tllc entire international
1912. The value of munitions
was $470,000,000 and the total
The number of employees is divided as I
Headquarters' staff. 800; inspectors, 4.000; w
direct and indirect, 250.000 to 300,000.
Six hundred and thirty factories, chemical and load-
! ing plants arc in operation, the products including
shells and their parts, representing an immense tonnage of steel, brass, copper, lead. etc. In March cash
disbursements were 41 millions, and for April there
will be two millions more.
Towards thc financing of this immense business,
meaning so much to thc empire and to the prosperity
of Canada, the Dominion government has contributed
$200,000;000 as a loan to the Imperial treasury and
has arrangld with thi banks for advances aggregating
In a letter to the minister. Mr. Flavelle praise.-, the
government for the great assistance it has rendered in
providing funds to overcome the problem of exchange.
 ��� ^ ���	
Increase In Price of Bread
Fully CO per cent, of the fire waste in Manitoba is
due to preventable causes and carelessness oil the part
of owners and their employees���carelessness in the
construction of buildings; in allowing buildings to become dilapidated, in making repairs to buildings, in
the accumulation of fire building material, the misuse
of the "strike everywhere" match, smoking, defective
wiring, and numerous olher causes, which bv a little
care and forethought could be prevented, according to
the fire commissioner. "It is to be hoped," he says,
"tllat when the public fully realize tliat loss by fire is a
loss to the community, tliat it increases taxation nol
only to the insured, but to the people at large; that tlie
money received from the fire insurance does not pay
for or replace lost property, but is only an extra tax
on the general public, and that the person who receives
irtTTiicy for fire loss.is only receiving it from his neighbors to reimburse him for bis carelessness: that we
will look upon fire prevention in a different light and
endeavor to reduce tbe fire loss of about $3 per annum per capita in Manitoba and Canada to something
like a reasonable charge; as for example, the average-
fire loss of European countries, which amounts to
aboul 30 cents per aiiuin per capita*.
"A great step towards this end could be accomplished if men and women would see that rubbish and
waste were not permitted to collect in basements,
storerooms and corners; if the heating and lighting
apparatus were kept ill a safe condition : if matches
were properly used and disposed of; if buildings were
properly rodded, chimneys and fireplaces properly
built and reasonably looked after; ashes, coal-oil and
gasoline properly handled and disposed of: frozen water pipes thawed out so as to eliminate danger of fire:
if conditions which bring about spontaneous combustion were eliminated���the electric iron properly taken
care of. fire extinguishers installed where needed; if
these, and many other prevalent practices were discontinued, then and not till then will the preventable
fire waste bc reduced.
"In order to bring about conditions whereby the
foregoing suggestions can bc accomplished, legislation
will have to be enacted whereby the public will bc educated to the necessity 'of precaution and care.
"The bracket chimney and dangerous flue must be
disposed of: fire places must be properly constructed.
The manufacture and sale of the "strike everywhere"
match must be abolished, as it is everywhere except iu
America. Fire extinguishers, sprinkler systems and
automatic fire alarms systems must be installed where
necessary; fire places properly and safely constructed,
and the, responsibility for the cause of fire brought
home to llie person in whose premises fire starts and
his responsibility for payment of damages to adjacent
The report also declares that ovqr-insurance is another cause of fire loss; in fact, the direct cause of
nearly every incendiary fire. Tbe desire to over insure creates a serious menace. In some countries in
Europe an agent over-insuring any property is considered a criminal and no excuse is permitted. In Canada
il is possible to secure insurance over and above the
value of the building insured, and the report suggests
that legislation should bc enacted to limit insurance to,
say 80 per cent, of the value of building and contents.
Food Prices Continue to Rise
. w.
Flavelle; cl
iwa, U
a in
shipped lo  April  30
disbursements $543,-
London, England���It has been announced by the
Incorporated' Society of Principal Wholesale anrl Retail Bakers (London) that the price of brc^d has been
raised from lid. to Is. for a 4 pound loaf. This is
just double the pre-war price. The explanation given
for this increase is that the new flour and the order for
selling all bread by weight, reduce by 12 quarterns the
amount of bread obtained from each sack of flour.
 ���   m   i	
Men can break investments as well as make them.
Therefore, it is highly essential that thc moral character behind a security shall be of the very highest.
The latest statistics of the Department of Labor. < )l
iawa..givc no comfort lo thc wage-earning consumer
who is struggling desperately with the continued rise
in the cost of living. The figures for March show that
the index number giving the cost of living gauge has
mounted to 220.63, or .3 above the February figure.
44.2 above March of last year, and 15.2 above March.
1915. Although food prices usually begin to drop in
March, the tendency this year was still upwards. Tin
retail prices for 29 staple foods, comprising the week
ly consumption of a workingmau's family of five, av
eraged $10.70 in March, as compared with $10.40 in
March of last year; in March, 1915, the cost war-
$7.99. For food alone it costs the workitigiiiaii $1.34
more per week now than it did last year, and $2.(C
more than it did two years ago. In addition to the in
crease in lhe price of foodstuffs, there were also advances last month in textiles, metals, fuel and coal oil.
Rents advanced slightly in several cities in ( hitario.
As some slight compensation for the advance in tin
cost of living, wage increases were reported in a num
her of localities. The changes reported totalled 23,
affecting 2500 work people,
The department's efforts to combat the food coin
biusa seem to be making little headway. Although tin
new regulations with regard to price-fixing were pro
mitigated some six months ago there have been iv
prosecutions yet, and the report of the investigation-
conducted by the department is still in process of pre
Oyster Beds to Be Planted
The Louisiana. Stale Conservation Commission will
plant 16,000 barrels of oyster shells, thus laying tin
foundation for 200 acres of government-owned Oyster beds, this spring.
Herbert Wilson, a Winnipeg barrister, and a brother of C. P. Wilson, K.C., has been appointed commissioner to administer the Manitoba Workmen's Compensation Act. He succeeds W. 11. Curie, who resigned suddenly to go to Montreal to accept a position on
the legal staff of the Canadian' Pacific Railway.
Don't speculate unless you can afford to lose. Speculation means risk. It is a dangerous pursuit for those
who must depend upon it for their incomes.
Before the war England held first place in Brazil in
manufactures of zinc, plated goods, staples., nails,
screws and rivets, tools and utensils, manufactures of
nickel, and sporting goods.
to satisfy all demands and pay the inheritance tax.
the executor would be compelled to sell all or a part nf
tbe estate to meet them. To prevent this sacrifice and
preserve the integrity of the estate is the object of inheritance tax insurance, and it suggests a matter for
the serious consideration of the business man.
The production of dyestuffs, drugs and chemicals,
and kindred manufactures, is engaging the attention
of the principal business leaders in Japan, and plans
are progressing apace to render Japan less dependent
on imports of these commodities.
The Manitoba government lias awarded a contract
to James McDiarmid Co., of Winnipeg, for the completion of the new Parliament buildings. Their tender
was $1,182,981.23.   Work will start at once. 1
SATURDAY.  MAY 5,  1917.
At Last We Have Free Wheat      I Boston institution for promoting  tin
'The mills of the gods grin.l slow- -?u,f;,   ',"��� -'-"���' he  -vaa  president oi
aid, "they   ,,,c   Worlds   Peace Congress      In
ly," and as   Bill  \"ye once
grind middlings line."    Six years
the   Conservative  parly   bounced
power on an anti-reciprocity cry
c   . ankees-**
party  pulled
the  World
dition lo many honks ami monographs
dealing with his specialty a-, a mum
al scientist, hi- 'ia-. oi lau- years, been
prolific in - literature, for American,
iii itisii ami Ci r;n,ui COIlsumptii 11,
setting forth thc waste oi war am! il ���
effect upon humanity, lie has u.i -!
ed much in Europe, and ha- a wide
acquaintance with Iffadi r i in llu
world ni natural si ienee, politii -. am
wjtl,. j social reform. He is not casil)
oi-d- I daunted  hy  Criticism,  and   has  a   Icn-
aiul  last   week   lhe  s,
down   the   tariff   wall  on   wheat,  Hour
and  all   wheal   products   between   this
country  ami   the   United   Stale-.   Both
Canadians   ami   Americans   are     now
free lo ship iheir wheal or Hour over
Ihe  line, both   north ami   soulh
nut let or hindrance.   In other ..
there  will  he  no  further  u.\   of   Hi acious  halm  thai   will doubtless  lead
cents a bushel on wheat and 4? cent-   h .the present
a  barrel  on  flqur, just   because  it  i:
grown  mi   one   Bide  of  ihe  4''th  par
opposition  and  attack
seem to surrender.
allel and eaten on lhe oth
1awa government, in its pro
freeing wheat ami flour fr<
by the adoption of a rcciproi
ment with the United Slap
in I'll I  ii threw down, stale:
I'he < limitation
I    duties
1 agree-
i, which
lhat tin-
price of wheat in Canada is less than
ill the United States, and lhat in spite;
of the duly it has been largely exported to ihe latter country, The move
is unquestionably a wise one. We
have lots of wheat for sale, hut un-!
der existing war conditions nur gen-l
. ral market is restricted, What this j
continent wants just now is free ami i
unrestricted trade iu foodstuffs. In
faet. it always did want it. lhe politicians to the contrary notwithstanding.���Toronto   Saturday   Night.
Civil Service Reform In the West
The governments    of  llritish    Columbia ami  Manitoba are blazing the
trail   lor   advanced   civil   service   reform, in compliance with enlightened j
independent   public    opinion.     While
less specific  than  the course outlined ,
by  the  coasl   province,   the   Manitoba
government has brought on itself the;
displeasure   of  a  section   of  ihe  old
machine element,    which    appears  to
have  hail  certain  forces  lined  up  Imi
iheir   usual     political     reward,     ami,
found   that   positions     wcri'     getting j
more  and   more  on     lhe   merit   basis,
irrespective of patronage pleas. Devi-.
.-us  complaints  were  made  aud  rum
"Somewhere in Prance" is the title
of an interesting booklet issued by
the International Typographical
Union. Mortuary benefits amounting
lo nearly $8000 have been paid lo tin
dependents of 27 members <>t Canadian branches who have lost their
lives al the front, \'<>
members l*<tve enlisted
n (XKI
as we are aware, of a patriotic father
urging a laggard son to enlist, and
finally succeeding. If there were
such eases tbe fathers in question
might he entitled tn boast lhat the)
hail given sons t'i the cause.
Fathers are entitled lo feel pride
in the patriotic spirii of llieir sm:-.
and to rejoice when iIm-ir -on- dis-
tinguiih themselves upon the fie d ol
battle. Ton the inn- glory I eh ngs
1<> the sons. A man would make hi.u-
-elf ridiculous if he proud!) ai
pounced thai he had given threi
cousins or half a ilozen friends i ��� the
- oi the limpire. the father who
can -a; thai he pm noi the ilighti -i
obstacle in the path ol ;i son war-
ward-bound -ay- all that he shoul '
-ay. I low many il tiny -pot., i
iniih could tell of conversations be
tween the boy anxious to enlist ami
the father attempting to dissuade
him: If ever literature does Justin
lo thi- war. the in blest epic of ali
will tell the sior\ oi tin- young me
wlm wen- boys lhe firsl week in All
gust, 1914, and men the second week
h i- nncof iln  most touching-, "in-    I
the mOSi Solemn of experience- t I
see how some young natures can ma-
ture and crystallize inl" stern nian-
hoi-d almost .over night. Tlu- father
ami mother slare in amazement at lhe
-on   they  have  regarded  perhaps  a-
Professor   Tells   Americans
How to Raise Mustard
and Cress.
>f minerals that I
speak of in the
the world requires.
"It reminds me much of*that section of thf Ural Mountains from
which the grand duke- of Rassia have
taken their fabulous stores of wealth,
am! it would not surprise me if il i.
t tl e -ami- formation am! conn, ti
iiy a dip below the s,-.-..
"Canadian- tureiy ha.e i" i reai-
i" d ihc ri'I m -- they hat e iii : ose
mountains, hut now  tl   ��� i
beinij ma-',   to : :; ii their attentioi   -
n'i al    -i< ielopmenl ��� i
natural     reso irees
m ._o I,   .. dl tli e  pro
attention     I   think   I    an  safe!)
I   ' lal    om< I reatesl
0f    till
'���;-. ration   then       thin  the        I  lei
.... i. ..���
1 hen, if Landlord Will Let "P '' ��n ��� two small
.-I -    were i
'I he  shortage .nf paper in   Engl
iw   appreciated at  the  Cai a<
camps.  < irders  have  been   issue.!   I
only  halt  shecis  of  notepaper are  to
I -   used   where  a  letter  i= unlikely   to
extend oyer such a space. A  smaller
size than foolscap must he used whenever  possible.   Letters   to   headquarc-
��� .-<1 nn longer i><- si nt in dupli-
'   under    special    eir
stances.    Colored  attai
similar  del ices   an    i"   be   dispi t
-\ ��� mderful' with w bene ver possible and envelope!
in- to be sparing!)   isi d
Vou,   Walls     Can    Be
Used for Greens.
Professor  Jasper  Jiggles,  an
lish botanist w ho arrived
\ ai ��� oui er  ��� n  his   way   out  t
the fauna and flora of the Fiji I
said  that  he  was astonished
sa. e
expensii c
!  mi  ti ���
y in o
transi ortai
The Truth at Last!
llyilrotule     ol   iron
for several of lhe fool
in  llritish Columbia,
and    Engineering    I
descent    appearance
marshes and  lakes  i
the   tyro.    This
responsible for
is  responsible
>il promotions
the  Mining
1.     Its    iri-
water     iu
ipt  in deceive
little more than a <���
the things of boyho
himself the iron dn
���u<k'| -n challenge,
mothers ase entitle
sad memories in ih
belongs lo the sons.
putting aside
and taking on
-s   of   war   at   :���
Fathers     anil
to  tlieir   proud
wajr. The glory
that  Canadian:
ing  about  the
and ere--,  win.
h are ran-
ni England as
a  salad.
ence   nt    (ana
pans    t"    t
green diet, tim
ed  him   pain.  1
ecause he
loss thev Were
ha. itiy   them   .
n   iheir   la
rda)   in
\,   ...
', -   ;.
irl.   agi
-.   had  broti
to  find
her a  -i
l)    'girl   ill
\   ii"t:i-
night, "and
"  said
"1      ...11   1     Ml
II parts
write  and
lege all ah-
little  mjr| ^
ell bn
ut it."
rl a-hc
1 da
Willie  at
Un   ���    enillg
Id)   1- r a -t:
In   posl    llie   h 'li
...'.!.:.'    ���    IA
.    CO. I Irani  Lai ds.  Titli
;.     sted    in  I n
Acl        Dated Juni
, I        milli n  iir- I l    usat
acres to i .pcnei fi ' on i -tea i-
i an i sale. I inil er and agri : ll i al
lands.      '"- ' best  I
-.   Xow  is thi
lime. Large Sectional .'dap -
scrip! :'-���;!-
. --    rainfall,   elevations,   etc    I'- -���-
D liar. Grant Lands Lo
. 610, Portland, Oregon.
i mineral is probably
the Pitt .Meadow- nil
scheme, in which a large amouill of
money has been sunk by Vancouver
men. only to lose it. and blame the
mineral industry for iheir own carelessness and credulous acceptance of
the fairy tales oi promoters who consider il legitimate husiness to sell
.shares irrespective of the merit- of
the enterprise, Economic ml deposits do not exist at   Pitt  Mtatlows.
Permanency  Is Test
While llritish Columbia I,
described as a field of low ur:
j such a condition has its hem
-rs circulated, breathing revenge and; means that the province will he
mutiny if the old order of things were)paratively
not restored. While no definite legislation has been enacted, it is understood that a i uniltee has lhe matter in hand, and a general policy will
lie  adopted     at  an   early     date.     The
government of Hritish Columbia contemplates taking most of the positions
in the public service out of the reach
of patronage, and placing them under
civil service* commission, the head of
which will have lhe rank of a deputy
minister, and removable only hy the
legislature. Ile must give his undivided attention to the wnrk. His
duty will he lo test and pass upon lhe
.tliree Irom the short-lived
mushroom towns which spring up
with bonanza mining camp-: and
that lhe milling oi these low '.trade
ore- becomes a permanent industry,
establishing permanent town- and
communities which demand tin- fullest social ami educational facilities,
followed hy the permanent settie-
ment of the available agricultural
lauds iu tlieir vicinities; ami for
which ihey provide tin- farmer with
the best of markets; followed also.
where required, by the railway builder and all that the railways mean in
providing the bcsl of transportation
m unities
Ko one will question tin
the following, which is froi
vation,  the    organ  of the
commission   of   conservatio
just as important under pri
diiious to have reserves    <
reserves nl* cartridges. Whe
is dependent upon a  good
entire   community   should   c
self about th<' situation  Fro
ginning ol the season.    The
tain   common   vegetables,  <
a large pari of the  fond su
as potatoes, beans, onions,
do   well   in  all  parts  of  t
They  can   he   grown   in   a
without machinery, am! tl
tion   this  year    in   ample
should  be  assured   beyoni
truth of
m Conser*
3ii: "li is
���eseiil run-
of fi od as
���n so much
crop, the
concern it-
mi the here arc cer-
Ipply. such
etc., which
ie country.
small way
eir produc-
chance or
"Mustard   and   cress.'"    Prof,
gles  continued,   "is  the   easiest
cheapest salad in the world to i
li does imi require special s>.il oi
particular form oi cultivation. A
can grow mustard and cress in a
den, a I
other phi
could do
quired  is
athroom,   a
:e with the
il  myself.
an  old hla.i
well soakei
ihe mustard
cress mi l!n
damp, and i
ie  ready
lame <-,.
All   that
ket hung
with   fre
lUIlt    i
i the
r."  f h
he  re
e.  1 ki
^,   -v,
rn-   In
oi    till
ex li
lay he
is.     W
cuts    - tmiii-
n a gar- crank
nr   any should
e thai  I anything   to   dn   v ith
i   i-   r, _ they  frequently  lake
(5elb ff eon Gobac-co
two   Weeks
tn  cm   for
p   llie
hid.    In
In Time of Peace Also
Since the people of Canada
so easy to finance the nations
expenditure, why should they m
ancr the national enterprises h
of peace? It would be a gre
vantage" In have as much as pi
of the country's debt held in t
instead "|. paying inte
st    to
-Hamilton   Herald.
iim! it
I war
>t fin-
i time
at ad-
lanada j
o reign
ler. Sew
and the  c
blanket <1
crop  will
"The mustard
its name, while the cress is cool am
soothing, and the two mak.- a delightful mixture for salads or sandwiches
Practically my only amusement sine,
the war began has been to smoke 'in
pipe of an evening and watch
mv roi
the sal;
have a
tard   a
ll   candidates   for   ad- and bringing :to outlying
service, or for promo-! the  fullest  advantages  "
mission lo the
lion in lhe service, and to supervise
- >auri'atii"is and make recommendations for improvements wherever he
deems them necessary to lhe clliei-
ency of the various branches. The
legislation not only follows closely
1hc Federal Act of 1908, but goes further, by covering all.'branches of what
is known as the outside service. All
departments will be classified by divisions, which in turn are divided into
grades, maximum and minimum remuneration being fixed for each. It
makes special provision for persons
of technical or professional experience, as well as I'or deputy ministers,
whose appointments are subject t"
the control of the government, which
also retains thc power to lix their
salaries. Thus the control of practically   thc   entire     public   service   of
ing and   F.m
���i' llizati
How Time Increases
In an eight-hour day you
-Is"! minutes. Thus, when
waste live minutes .nu iW-t:
valuc 1 per cent. Your
from mir to 99 per cent. If
50 minutes your stock falls
sn nn.     few of ns e\ er hal
' niy,
-ss gri
wing ;
11 around
a fresl
_  seed
a-   !   cui
���M-n   twi
hut will
lhe s
earn It
���al ill thi
ts      V
ll   should
every  week.
1"   .ur.
lite   mits-
ress     mi
ets     am'
--. '
e  1
rote- si
ir con
lined.  "1
alls   u
til   the   sfirface
��� >!
d I
on  then
t    1
mi   ha
.-   a   du
m    tin
.Mv   1
1.  a  soul-
ho  wi
nld   Il
I   race   ,
1 (_
iad  m
ver lived
%         .���
Several thousand oflicers and employees of the Canadian Paeiflo
Railway Company enlisted for active military "duty wiih the Canadian
Expeditionary Forces, and the majority of them are now in Europe,
bravely battling for Canada and the Empire. Tliis list of those who
have given up llieir lives for tlmir country or been wounded in action
docs not include thc Army Reserves.
Adams. Percy Miller Labourer
Voters Should Register
The amendments to the  Provincial
Election  Act providing  for tlie registration of ihe women of  British  i"-
Itiiuhia   as   voters   is   now-   law.   aud
every  llritish subject, male or female,
over 21  years old, is eiuitleil lo vine. I
if registered in   the usual  way.   Under
the  changed  law.   lhe   time   for   regis
tration as a voter has been extended I
until  Monday.  May  1-1. and every woman  voter should make il a point  to
havi   her name upon  the list.  Forms
are   provided     by   tlie     registrar     of
voters upon which the application    is
made, the form  varying according I
whether   the   applicant   is   a    llritish
subject   by   birth,   hy   marriage   I"   a
Hritish subject by birth, by marriage
to a naturalized  Brilish subject, or b)
naturalization  in person.    As there is
a possibility of an election before another revision of the list, it is urgent
Thrift that   every     qualified     voter     should
Although   banking   houses     arc   in   make it a point to see that the proner
position  to  talk  in  term;   of  millions  app,matin"    is  filed before    .Monday,
ind billions with more ease than ever   May 14.
before   in   thc   history   of   the   United
States,  the  war will not  be  financed Not Troubled With "Fear"
by such agencies if it is the bard, pro- According to the headline writers
loiieed war anticipated by President in some of lhe papers, this country is
Wilson. The United Slates will find, trcmWing with fear from the Atlantic
just as England, France and Gcr- to the Pacific and from Canada to
many.found, that the small.savers are the Gulf <>f Mexico. They say.
the real financiers of war���the people "Washington fears fresh German
with $100, $200 or $1000 put away in j plots;" "The president fears Mexi
the savings bank. A nation of 9ttch can complications;" "New York fears
savers pooling their holdings through bombardment;" "Army officers fear
the agency of the banks, making the country is unprepared,"' and so on
them security for national issues of. indefinitely. If anyone but the jingo
currency ami bonds, can stagger a editors is' shaking with fear in the
h'othsi-l.ild   or   a   Moreail   wilh   iheiri l'nited  Stales  the  fact  is not  known
It,   VI
causes )
ruptcy h
terest is
known f
stops to
[f I sons
rc.f venti
irrow u a
man iiad
���cause Jli
like the
of mat
'-4. Ma
��� down i-i 1
imt realize
f interest.
ise in lhe
et mildewed. < )ue
n.- supcrsensiti e ���
' am! cavil at any
tends to tin- gem
ind. As I sa-'d lo
dors  ii   matter  if
Hritish Columbia passes out i
hands of the politicians.���Ti
Saturday  Xight.
Economic Value of Birds
The economic value of bin!-, be.
cause of their service to agriculture,
horticulture and forestry, is estimated in Minnesota .n $2,500,OC0 annually. This is a saving brought ali ml
by tlie destruction of insectivorous
birds of insects harmful to cr ips.
fruits ami trees, and the protection o:
such birds should he encouragi .
Clubs and societies are being fi rnicd
in most sections for this purpose and
many schools and individuals are en
couraging the placing of bird houses
and feeding stations. While llu- n i
game bird situation is improving, the
stale department reports iln- depletion oi grouse, partridge and prairie
chicken as alarming aud tliat refuges,
closed seasons and protection from
natural enemies are needed.- '!': ���
landlord- what
bouse  does  gel   damp  ami   othe
ants  contract  rheumatism,   c.ompared
with the healthy enjoyment   if eatinq ;
fresh mustard am! ere-- every hiorn-
ing?     Tie soldiers an- ur- win? these
succulent green food- in tren hes ""
th-;- o'd flannels am! enjoy tli- salad j
wilh  llieir ijieals.
"Tlie   cultivation   of mustard    audi
cress ha
W 11
ig lin
"I   a
it   a
ent   malt
lat   se
^     c
in t
hen   1
are    ope
list      1
1 ll
( )o/e
.1    -i
in   i
11    wil
brellas i
i w er
Ii  the
wavy     i
i     a
i\ e
quaint,   r
el re;
a nee   i
���   1
dd   fash
i inei
re st-
:t   lot   ol
���  in
' i \
ing  e
.ind mus
e h<
a ur;
to   our
'11 ts.
in mv
oh!  pajama   s
td   lb
���   <, a'
s    1
fore we
w   Y.
. am
to lhe ordinary citizen. The i
of this country arc not such a mass of
cowards as these headline writers
Would have us believe. They are
i viewing the present difficulties with
j calmness.    They  have  confidence   in
financial power.    Thrift    is tbe cinlv
:owei* lhat can defeat war's waste.  It
can defy  the  most stupendous drain
on resources.    It can thwart financial
nanic  ned   shut  out  famine.     It   can
open  highways around  the  globe  for
victorious  armies,  or  reorganize  de-J their government and in the admmis-
pressed business and revive shattered i tration.   The headline writers arc lhe
industry. The saving of 10 cents more|on|y oncs w|,0    seenl    to be excited
'������lv  hv  the  average  man,  the  wise ithe calmness of the American peoule
planning  of   tabic   expenses   and   re-1 js an indication that they fully realize
ducing of waste by the housewife, the their strength,   ft is not an indication
care and repair of clothing, the check-  that thev are not in  full accord with
'ng of little extravagances in business   the president.    Appreciating the
and pleasure houses, while shopping
and while at home���these represent
the kind of thrift that can defeat war's
worst works.���Spokane  Chronicle.
A Prominent Pacifist
David Starr Jordan, whose championship of a "pacific" policy for the
United States at the present juncture
of national .history is subjecting him
to much criticism, is chancellor of
I.eland fr. University, California.
From 1885 to 1891 he was president
"of this institution, and was its first
executive. Prior to filling this important post he was a professor in
and an administrator of several institutions in thc mid-West, his fame
as a zoologist, and especially as an
ichthyologist, being more than national. In this rapacity be has served
the nation as an expert. While president of Stanford University he became deei.lv interested in arbitration, and in judicial settlement of international disputes, and be accepted
office as chief director of the World's
Peace   Foundation, a  richly. endowed
ifices which they are called iiiion to
make, they confront them with a determination to fight tlie battle of humanity with all their ' resources.���
Omaha  World-Herald.
The Glory Belongs to the Sons
Instead of (platform orators and
others saying, "1 have given a sou to
the cause," says the Mail and Empire, it would often bc more fitting to
say, "My son has given himself to
tbe cause.'" In fewer cases than
might be supposed are fathers entitled to take credit for the_ fact that
their sons have enlisted. The boys
have had their way. In many communities there are cases where the
father by the bribe of an automobile
or a piece of land has dissuaded his
son from following his own manlier
instincts. There are eases of fathers
assisting their sons to secure employment in the United State so that
they would be rid of the importunities, of the recruiting sergeant and
the reproaches of their friends. \'o
instance has been made public, so far
Colonel   Mac.Mttnn   tells   this   im
dent  nf a  dealli  iu  a  hospital   for
diall   soldiers   in    England     ill    lilac!
wood's Magazine:
"A sweeper who. in doing liis him
l.le lint, before a dug-out ai the fr > |
was wounded, reached a hospital i
England, where his loneliness can-,
him to find friend-'. But death ca<
and wilh it a dilemma; and, as tli
babti in tlie registrar's ilficc ri-mari
ri\. there '.-as 'a pr, tty l-'-tt! ��� t ii-li
What   was   to   happen   to   tlie   bod.
ale   I.
The   Mohammedan   bll"i:ll
Woking would not tike it,
.nation   was  not  appropria
" 'Then there came by an English
vicar who heard of the dilemma and
offered  to bury    the    dead    alien  in
Christian ground \nd thus il
Rime about that Buldoo, a sweeper
and outcast, num of the village of
Tokh Sayanwalla. in the province nf
the Punjaiib. was buried in consecrated Christian ground in old F.ug-
land, bard by the Crusaders' wall in!
the Church of St. Mary Within���a
lit subject for those who moralize on
the endings of mail, and time when
thc lirst shall-be last and the last shall
b c first.' "
Having purchased a large consignment of high ipiality white paper at
a very reasonable price, we are now in
a position to give close prices on
catalogues, hooks, pamphlets, dodgers, etc. The Standard lob Department, 42<S Homer Street: phone Seymour 470.
The  year before  tbe  war    imports
into German East Africa were valued
nt   ���2.��i8.000  and    exports   at
lhe   steward   threw  it   overboard   '--
1 cause   the   damp   effect   on   ihe   h��"
head,   he   said,  bad   caused   a   l!a"t:-'
minister in the next cabin i" have .o
attack of lumbago."
1. Do not hire peoi le io come to
your town. You might have to hire
them to leave.
2. If llu- best tiling ymi ha. c to if
fer a factory is a bonus���keep the
3 Speak    to  tlie    stranger    "ii  the
: street.   He   ma)   lie   the   man   .vou   are
looking for.
4. Extend to the visitor in the town |
I some of the same courtesy you woujt1 [
; to the visitor in your home.
5. A god hotel is a better adver- I
i tisement   than  a  thousand   billboards  '
6. If  you   hoe   your   town,   show   it!
by doing or  giving some  things  you |
do not expect a profit  on: then yi
will get  a profit on some  things )'.<
do not expect.
"The people of Canada need have j
no fear regarding the ability of tbe |
country to pay iheir war debt." said]
the Marquis of Queensbury in an in-i
terview  in  Winnipeg a  few days ago.
"The mineral wealth of British Columbia mainland and islands is sufficient to pay the war debt of your
splendid Dominion and that of Great
Britain as well, and sli!! leave ample
for generations yet Unborn.
"It is simply marvellous, in fact. 1
do not hesitate to say that it is the
greatest mineral region in the world.
I have travelled in cvery country of
thc globe, making a study of geology
under men of vast knowledge and experience, ami therefore am in a position t" know what I am talking about.
There  is  everything  in. that  region   i
Alijii. William
Andrews, Harry
Baikie, David
Balrd, John Pollock
Barton, George
Hell, William
I.i- i.e., Chas. W.S.
Blight, Gerald
I        lold, V'riu. P.
Lotiaro, Peter
Bovet, Frederick
Brooksbank, .lack
Buck, Frederick M.
Burh Igh, Howard M. Brakeman
Burrell, William A.   clerk
Campbell, Thomas
Oauston, Jamea W.
(lark.<:    i    i
l i, in .:'._. n   ���
Cole, John
Cook, Leonard II.
Cooper, William
C'orrigan. Albert
Crai.be, James
Crone, John
Dagnall, George
Daley, Barry
Darby, Frank Leslie
Dazlcy. Herbert C.
Dewar. Patrick S.
Drake, Kobt. Ludlow concrete Insp'r
Kdward. Alexander    Cook
Evans, Crfo. Oscar      Porter
Evans, G. Ansdell      Trainman
Evans. William Deckhand
Faulkner, William     Wiper
Gardner, Alfred 11.    Assistant Agent
George, Ernest Fred. Clerk
Gillies, John Nininio Brakeman
Lamhton ���
Chi . ker Fort William
Dei Id and B, c. Lake Si'm's
Labouri r Fort William
Elevator Operator Saskatoon
Steam; its Hip
Commissary An
Loco, Engineer
Baggage Por ir
Section Foreman
C,leeson, Stanley
Govier. James. Chas. Trainman
Green, Sidney Loeo. Fireman
Haggan, Homer Wiper
Hail, George Labourer
Handyside, Richard   Loeo. Fireman
Harding, William S.  Red-Cap Porter
11 art shorn. Robert
llearn, Arthur F.       Car Cleaner
Henderson, Wm. A.    Wiper'
Hewitt, Henry Boilermaker
Holmes. Alfred T.       Agent
lni�� lett, Horace B.    Checker
lluisnii. Thomas L,    Apprentice
Inee. Lester Edgar     Sleep. Car Porter
.laycock. William G.   |_oeo. Fireman
Jones. Havid ES. Apprentice
Ker. t?.tl. Dickson       Clerk
Lapworth, George T. Loco. Fireman
Larbalestler, Uem'd Clerk
Law, Robert
Lelteh, J-wph
Lloyd, Stanley
McCarthy, Sidney
McDougall, Oavid L.
Mcintosh. Norman
McLean, Dugald
Malcolm. John Croll
Martin, John Byron
Melbourne, Arthur
Moor?. Charles
Moor. Roland T. II.
Mountain, Arthur J.
Murray, John
Glen Yard
Brit. Col. Dist.
Moose Jaw
Ogden Shops
bri!.. Col. Hist.
Smith's Falls
Fort William
Winnipeg        ���
Pori Arthur
Moose Jaw
B.C. Lake Stmre.
Brit. Col. Dist.
B.C. I_ake Stmrs.
East Calgary
Moose Jaw
Manitoba Dist.
Fort William
Odam, Ernest
Phillips, Per y W.
Preston. Samuel
Riches, Frank
Ro'iierts, John
Roeriek, Raoul G.
Rushworth, George
Sanger, Herbert G.
Seright, .lames
Short, William W.
Sinclair, William
Sissons. F. T. M.
Sparks Ernest
Sitencer, Willard M.
Stevenson, David
Stone, EM. Wilfrid
Taggart, William J,
Tarrant, Samuel
Tout, Walter
Unwin, H. Wallace
Walls, Nixon
Walton, Joel
Watson, Leon A.
White, Fred'k.S.
���White, John Robt. G
Williams, George G.
Williamson. N. S.
Willoughby, William Teamster
Wood, George        -.    Storeman
Young, Percy R. Call Boy
Ass't liaggagem'r Medicine Hat
Moose Jaw
Fort William
Red I leer
Fort William
Mom real
Ogden Shops
Midi' ine Hat
Moose Jaw
East Calgary
Moose Jaw
Ogden Shops
Moose Jaw
Ixieo. Fireman
Loco. Fireman
Fitter's Helper
Healer Man
Bell Boy
Stat'y Fireman
Loeo. Fireman
Loeo. Fireman
Car Repairer
Furnace Helper
Loco. Fireman
Fitter's Helper
Blacksmith'sH'prOgden Shops
Glen Yard
Moose Jaw
Dii il of wounds
Killed in action
Shell shock
Wounde 1
Killi S in action
Woundi 1
Shell shock
Hied of wounds
Woundi l
Wn in Ii d
Killed in action
Killed in a'-tion '
l-.illi il In action
Killed in action
Wouiidf il
Lied whilst prisoner
of war
Believed killed
Died of wounds
h'illeii in action
Killed in a'-llon
Woi ndi il and missini
Kiikd in action
Shell shock
iJassi d
Hied of wounds
Wounded       .
Shell shock
1 lied of wounds
Wounded /
Kille.1 in action
Killed in action
Died of wounfls
Believed killed
\\ oiindej
Hied of wounds
Killed in action
Killed in action
Wounded and prison |
Killed in action
Died of wounds
Died of wounds
Killed in action
Killed in action
Shell shock
Shell shock
Wounded and prison^
Killed in action
VuEEAL, April 2nd, 1917.    (List No. 16.)
SATURDAY, MAY 5, 1917.
You Can't Buy as Good
A Suit in B.C.
WM. DICK'S buying game is now showing up how it work- ami t<> the benefit of
the men who buy clothes from him.
He's selling a BLUE SERGE SUIT AT
FIFTEEN DOLLARS thai not another
store in I'-. C. can touch at $20.00.
i tell you the
five hundred
l. they can't buy
ai $15 wholesale.
Dick bought tin's cloth two years <\
lias just had it made it|> into   this year'
styles.    You can't get a suit as good anv
where else at $20.00.
Win. Dick sell them at
William Dick Limited
"Two Big Stores for Men"
33, 47-49   -   Hastings East
RIGHT NOW is Ike*busiest moving time of the whole year.
VOU who art moving;, should get your order in as soon as possible so
as to avoid delay and disappointment.
Our big, padded-all-round, completely enclosed, "Car Vans" will move
your goods without loss or injury.
This is just alittlj advice���given in the best of spirit���from Campbell's.
Fireproof Warehouse: 786 Beatty Street Phone: Seymour 7360
Baking is a pleasure when
NABOB Baking Powder
is used because it is a pure,
healthful baking powder,
always certain, safe and
Your Grocer Sells It
Kelly, Douglas & Co. Ltd.
Vancouver, B. C.
For the Sake of the Kiddies
Use Sou-Van
SOU-VAN MILK can be used to great advantage for all purposes
where a good, clean, reliable milk is required.
On Ihc (able, in the kitchen, in the sick room or in tllc nursery���it
makes no difference, because SOU-VAN- MILK is produced,under
ideal conditions, and it is handled in a scientific manner during the
pasteurizing and clarifying processes at our modern dairy.
And as a further safeguard. WE STERILIZE ALL SOl'-VAN
BOTTLES in order to let you have the milk in a clean and positively
sanitary condition.
If you would like to try a bottle of this splendid product simply
phone us���FAIR. 3624���and we will send you a bottle by next delivery; failing this ask one of our drivers���he will supply you.
Talented Authoress Lectures On
Appreciation Of Canadian Postry
Mrs. Isabel Ecclestone Mackay Delights Large Audience at Carnegie Library���Periodic Verse of New
Country Should Be Widely Read.
SYMPATHETIC appreciation
of Canadian poetry and Canadian pods was shown at the
weekly free lecture at the Carnegie
Library Saturday evening, when Mrs.
Isabel Ecclestone Mackay gave an
address that bore every e. idence of
careful preparation and patient study.
The big reference room was crowded
to the doors.
Introduced in felicitous terms by
Mr. W, R. Dunlop, Mrs. Mackay said
at the outset that she would not attempt to name the greatest Canadian
poet, but would leave that to posterity, which alone could have the
true perspective.
She said in part:
"I do not wish tonight to attempt
any undue glorification of our Canadian poetry. Flattery is always undignified and always does more harm
than good. We do not need to compare Roberts with Keats; Campbell
with Browning, or Service with Kipling in order to see that Canada has
produced poetry of which any young
country miglit well be proud. We 'Io
not want to boast, but it would be
just as well if we got over our apologetic attitude and recognized the excellencies of a poetry well worth
study and admiration,
Virility of Our Poets
At the very outset we must not forget that we are not a finished country. Wc have nol yet reached the
age of studied leisure; we lack the
polish of the ages. W'e have not. a.
have the people of the older lands, a
tremendous literary history behind
us. Canada is young. Tlie ring of tlie
pioneer's axe has scarcely died away.
Our people are all workers. Tliey
have to be. In our stirring, commercial,   work-filled    days,    the  poet
bis delight t<> us. Ile makes us free
of his demesne, lie introduces us
lo his little kindred <>i the grass, little brothers of tlie clod, little comrades of the skies, lie makes us see
that the primrose by the river's brim
is very much more than a primrose���
it is the very eye of nature smiling
upon us. ���
The Philosophy of Life
"In VV. VV. Campbell we have a
poet of perhaps sterner mold, lie
too like all our poets is to a certain
extent a nature poet, but he wears his
nature with a difference. Man. perhaps is closer to Dr. Campbell's heart
than man's surroundings. The human soul, its long journey and high
destiny is a subject of which the poet
does not weary, If one had time it
might bc interesting to gather a whole
philosophy oi life and death from Dr.
Campbell'! works. We would not
perhaps find it very different from
otber- philosophies, but we would
come across /many beautiful bits of
imagery, much noble sentiment and
considerable commonplace comment
which the discriminating will not
bnlher with.
"The Little Brown Bird That Sings"
"There is a name among the names
of our poets which most of us think
of with gratitude and regret. Gratitude that this poet belonged to us
and gave us so much which will be
part of Canada's heritage, and regret
that he could not have stayed with us
longer, and given us more. Archibald
Lampman is certainly one of the
most loved of our poels. He (lied
some sixteen years ago when be was
still a young man and at the height of
his poetic inspiration. What he might
have been  had  he lived  wc  can  only
The Vagabond of Poets
"Bliss Carmen perhaps, among <'iir
.'atia.lian poets may be called the poet
if lite unsaid things, lie is a s infl
in a mist. He touches bin lyre lightly, smiles or sighs anil is swiftly silent
while we wait for more. Sorcery is
Ins vocation, the weaving of spells .ii-
leligllt. I'or those who like the deli-
���ale. the mystical, the suggested he
lias a potent charm. He sinus .if the
tea, "I Ihc distance, of llie open road.
He is merry and sail by turns and always nas something hidden just
around the comer,
"A poel i i litis nature, it is easy to
understand, could noi readily appreciate tlie stein realities of this work-a-
day world, lie was a dreamer. A
loveable poet, bm a failure iu everything else. It is therefore no surprise-
to find lhat the sheriff has seized hii
chatties, after refusing to accept ..
poem in lieu of coin of the realm.
Sheriffs were never noted fur tlieir
love of poetry, as far as I have learned. One of my favorites among liliss
Carman's many gooil poems is included in his book "Behind the Arras." lt is called "At the Granite
Gate," anil I will give myself the
pleasure of reading it to you.
"Any sketch, however brief, of our
more popular poets would be incomplete without some mention- of Dr.
Drummond, our poet of the Habi-,
taut, and tlic Voyageur. Drummond
was one of few among our poets
whose books found a ready and
steady sale. Their popular appeal is
very great and the fact of his poems
lending themselves so specially to
platform readings has been the ver;,
best kind of advertisement tllat any
work could have. The love of a good
tale, a touch of local color and a sly
bit of humor is natural to most of us,
and Drummond's poems have all
these. They are intensely human,
their appeal is direct aud tlieir pic-
tures(|tie dialect dress is both tiainl
and charming. In fact Dnimn.i nil's
verse is unique, it stands quite by itself. It is not likely tlint we shall
ever have another poet of the habitant. Times change quickly, but
Drummond's work will remain peculiar to his own period, a really
priceless legacy of our lime of nation-making,
"''i'he Wreck of the Julie I'laiio.'
probably Drummond's best known
poem, was read by Mrs. Mackay. to
tbe great amusement of the audicm e.
Even though one has read it scores
of times no one can help smiling al
that quaint habielant advice:
British and French Companies Simplify Menus for the Cabin.
Following the example of lhe hotels and restaurants iu England the
llritish steamship lines running to
New York have cut down tlieir bills
in fare in tlie first and second cabins.
The third-class bill <<f fare remains
The idea followed in London is that
no dinner shall cost more than 5
shillings and sixpence, and no
luncheon or breakfast more than 3
shillings ami sixpence per person. On
the liners the number nf dishes at
each meal have been reduced, but
there are still enough fur the passengers to select a good meal from.
One of the British lines tried to make
their first-class passengers have their
dinner at 1 o'clock anil a cold meat
supper al night, bul tllis proved so
unpopular that it was abandoned after one experimental trip.
The French Line has also reduced
its cabin bills of fare, and practically
all foods and provisions are purchased by the agents in New York in order that the supplies iu France will
not be diminished.
authoress  and
lecturer, whose recent book,
has    just    been    published.
'Up the Hill asid
Phone Highland 137
Grandview Hospital
VANCOUVER     -     B.C.
Medical : Surgical  : Maternity
Rates   from  $15.00   per  week
Classified Advertising
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, 4?
Hastings St. E., and 782 Granvillt
Street, Vancouver,  B.  C.
wanted to clean and repair at tht
factory, 438 RICHARDS STREET
may seem to have but little place. Yet
the fact is that we have poets; poets
whom hard work and want of leisure
have not silenced; poets whom want
of appreciation has not broken; poets
who have written with one hand ami
earned their daily bread wilh tbe
other, lt will not do us any harm tn
be a little proud of tllis fact.
Naturally poetry produced under
lliese conditions may lack some graces
but it is certain (o ha\ e the grace of
sincerity; it is bound to be struck out
of the bedrock of true feeling. Such
poetry may lack tlie fine flower of
deep culture but it is almost sure to
possess freshness, spoutaiiielv. joy-
ousness and simplicity. If Otir poetl
sing, they do not sing for money
(they know it is no use I; they can
hardly sing for lame (since they have
received no undue amount of that).
They sing because they cannot help
singing, ami that is. after all. an excellent reason.
The Poetry of  Roberts
Proceeding Mis. Mackay dealt
briefly with some of our bitter known
and more popular poets. Referring
first to Roberts she said:
"His outlook is iu harmony at once
with his own instincts as a poet and
with the school of Keats in wliich
those instincts had caused bint to
train himself.
After passing through bis neo-
classic period he becomes first and
foremost a nature poet but a poet
whose nature is endowed with life and
made beautiful by fancy. Naturally
and inevitably his imagined scenes in
Orion and Actaeon change and
merge into inspired descriptions of
beautiful Canadian scenery which
actually surrounds him but the informing spirit is the same. Tbe
greatest change is in the form of bis
expression. The grand framework of
epic and idvlic narrative is found to
bc unsuitable to his new* material.
"Perhaps also the simplyfying influence of Wordsworth has begun to
make itself felt, at any rate the neo-
classic disappears from Roberts'
work and a kind of light lyrical and
descriptive verse becomes the dominant note for a while. He worshipped beauty and like a true devotee be
found her everywhere. Nature was
to him a living, breathing thing of
loveliness and so fresh and real was
bis delight in her. one might have
thought that the world had been
created overnight for his particular
enjoyment. And. his was not a selfish soul.    He passes on a portion of
as' win'
ynu  can
blow   from
ll'Tl .
guess. In appearance and in temperament he was the ideal poet,
slightly built, a delicate, sensitive
face lit by soft brown eyes and
crowned by chestnut hair, a manner
shy and constrained with strangers,
but singularly open and sympathetic
with those he knew. Lainpnian's
collected verse is a book wliich no
home should be without. Let mir
young people read it. It will do Ihem
good. It is a thing entirely of sweetness ami light, of gracious largeness
of outlook, of deep insight, of noble
thought,  nobly   expressed."
Mrs. Mackay touched briefly on
the life of Lampman, alter the manlier of a sympathetic poet who understands the feelings of a kindred soul.
While quite a young man Archibald
tried to earn bis living by teaching
school, bin at this he did not meet
with success. His sympathies were
too much with the boys. Like them
he would much rather have been out
in the open fields listening to the
songs of the birds and the rippling of
the brooks than penned within the
walls of the school house. Ile tried
to govern his classes with a gentle
hand, but the rugged youth of Eastern Canada did not easily respond to
such treatment, and discipline suffered in consequence.
Finally Lampman abandoned teaching, and through the influence of a
friend he obtained a civic service position, in a minor clerical capacity in
the postoffice at Ottawa, where he
remained for several years, lie composed much of bis poetry to and from
bis work, aud during the few holi��
days granted him each year. Among
his few intimate friends he was known
as "The Little Brown Bird that
Sings." His first book was "Among
the Millet," which he published himself, using pari of a legacy left his
wife to defray thc expenses. Later
"Lyrics of Earth" appeared and after his death his poems were published in collective form.
The lecturer gave a reading of "The
Larger Life," as a beautiful example
of the work of this poet.
Resuming, she said:
"Of all the many charms of true
poetry, the charm which appeals to
mc personally is the charm that has
no name���the subtle something which
grips the imagination; the sense cf
the unattained, the unattainable. Tl
kind o f poetry which presses back
"Charmed  magic  casements,  opening
on  the  foam
"Of perilous seas in fancy lands fo
De eas' win' site blow, t<
But you can' get drown1 on  Lac Sl.
So long you stay on sin ire."
After sketching briefly the life of
Drummond, the speaker left the poet
of Quebec and discussed the poet of
the Yukon, Robert W. Service:
As Drunimiitiil is of the East, so is
Service of the West. Here is another poet who has seized bis moment and fixed it upon paper. Ile has
given us a whole gallery of pictures
���pictures of days which are already
vanishing. We arc fortunate*indeed
to have them, ami we ought to feel
grateful and 1 believe we do, thai they
have been given to us by so skilful a
hand. Robert Service's inspiration is
his own, springing naturally out of
his life and Surroundings, and if some
of his metres and tricks of style resemble Kipling, we can thank Kipling
for that, without abating at all our interest in, "and admiration for the
younger poet. Service has given to us
a little bit of our own history and has
given it to us in a form that he who
runs may read.
So far I have mentioned the names
of no women poets. Not lhat we do
not possess women poets, but because
we possess so many of them that a
special evening ought to bc devoted
to their study.
"But perhaps the only one of them
who comes naturally into the class of
the older poets is Isabel Valancy
Crawford, a woman of remarkable
personality and rare gilts. She was.
so far as I know. Canada's first woman poet. She died young. She
lived what, upon the outside, might
seem to have been a sad life. She
died without having been cheered by
any public recognition. If any one
had the righl to write poems nf melancholy il was she. Bill those who
really sillier are nol Usually lite ones
who write about il. And she had one
greal consolation which we must not
forget. She wtis a pOet. And there
is certainly a joy iu being a poet
which is tlie poet's own particular
treasure. To such an one the writing
<if some bit of verse is pure pleasure,
a recompense far beyond what cither
money or fame call bring. 11 is the
consciousness of one's natural work
well done."
In conclusion Mrs. Mackay expressed lhe belief that interest in
Canadian poetry is steadily on the upgrade, referring to the excellent collection of published works obtainable
in our own library, and tn the comprehensive anthology recently compiled by Mr. J. W.'Garvin of Toronto.
This Saturday the librarian, Mr. V
W. Douglas, will lecture on "Swift
and the Women That Loved Him."
This will be the last paper of the season, but the lectures will be resumed
next October, when one of the first
lectures will deal with British Columbia poets and authors.
 ��� __�� ���	
The Celebrated is AERONUI, in
Iceless Refrigerator.
 1 __>  i	
Society Note
Mr. Nichols Romanoff of- Petrograd
has left for his summer place on the
south coast of the Crimea.���New
York Evening Sun.
Got Them When War Lord "Was a
White Man," He Tells Callers.
Colonel Theodore Roosevelt entertained the 200 members of the Oyster
Bay Home Guard at his house recently, lie showed them his trophies.
and in speaking of his collection,
"Boys, I've received presents from
everybody on the face of the globe,
from kings to prizefighters."
Willi the final word just leaving his
lips, he turned and apologized to two
ministers, who he had also invited to
bc present and who seemed shocked
at the prizefighter part of the remark.
Confining, he said: "Friends, I am
going to tell you a secret: 1 have in
my collection some souvenirs giver
lo me by the Kaiser." At this the
crowd laughed. "I would like." he added, "to make a bet that the Kaiser
would be tickled to death to gel thes.
souvenirs back. Remember, boys. !
got them when he was a white man."
The Colonel said his motto was
"All for one and one for all." Tic sail!
he was once introduced at a meeting
as lhe "poor man's friend." He resented this remark by telling tin
chairman of the meeting that he Was
neither the poor man's friend nor the
rich man's friend, but the honest
maw's friend.
When asked by one of his caller?
about his plan of raising troops, h<
"If for a minute I thought that this
division 1 am Irving to recruit would
not be sent to Europe, but would he
used instead for home defense, I'd
quit. My purpose is to go to Europe,
to the trenches, and not Slav home
ami guard. 1 don't wnnl a petticoat or
a silk stocking army."
London. England���The president
of the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries has appointed a committee t<
consider whether any considerable
addition to the home food supplies
I could be provided from the rivers,
lakes and ponds of England and
The committee are requested to
have special regard t<> considerations
affecting the practicability of any
scheme for bringing fresh water fish
supplies into consumption, such as
the machinery and labor required to
make the  supplies available,  facilities
. for their transport to market, the
food value of the different kinds nl
fish, the probability of ils proving ac-
iccptable to the consumer, the necessity for interference with private
rights, and the risk of damage I"
more fisheries.
The committee are further requested to consider and report upon measures which might be taken for sccur
ing a greater output of eels from Iln
waters of the l'nited Kingdom fo:
home  consumption.
Lord Dcsborougli of Taplow will
be chairman of the committee. Tli
members of the committee have ex
perl knowledge of fishing, and one of
their number, Mr. Tale Regan, is .
member ol the staff of the Depart
ment of Zoology in the British
Museum   (Natural   History!,
Having purchased a large consignment of high quality paper at a very
reasonable price, we are now in a position to giv.
logues.   books
etc.    The  Standard  Job   Department.
426 Homer Street: phone Sey. 470.
close   prices  on   cata-
paiiiphlcts,    dodgers.
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship  Lines
C. K. Jcnney, G. A. P.
Phone:  Sey.  8134
W. O. Connolly, C. P. F. A.
S27 Granville Street


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