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The Standard Jul 8, 1916

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Array <*���	
"Here shall the Press the
peo-
pie's rights maintain,
Unawed  by  interest   and
un-
bribed by gain."
1	
 ',
Vol. V, No. 10���Established 1911
VANCOUVER, B.C., SATURDAY, JULY 8, 1916
Price Five Cents
The Importance to the Business
Community of the Coming Elections
* ****** *******
WHERE THE TWO PARTIES STAND AT PRESENT ��� INCREASING OUR
LIABILITIES   IN  ORDER TO OBTAIN VOTES
POLITICAL PEREGRINATIONS
THE Provnce of Hritish Columbia is now watching the
peregrinations of the- various political leaders with a
good deal of quiet amusement. The premier, accompanied by two of his ministers and Mr. Hold-Back Thomson of Victoria, lias been touring the northern part of the
proVinCe, and, according to his own account, receiving considerable encouragement therefrom. His point of view is
that the constituencies through which he passed will all
return a solid Conservative phalanx to the next parliament. He says that the discontent aroused by hard times
has passed away and that the Hon. W. J. Bowser & Co.
is once more doing good business in thc old way. The
premier is convinced that the electorate is disgusted with
the tactics of the Liberal opposition.- He lays much emphasis on the fact that investigations failed to discover
anything in the shape of "graft" in connection with the
administration of past years. He is apparently gratified
that not a member of the Conservative government has
been put behind the bars of the penitentiary, and evidently
considers that moral issues can he evaded if only the letter
of the law is observed. He continually reiterates in all his
speeches and interviews that the Liberals "discovered
nothing." That shows his obtusciiess and his complete
lack of consideration for public opinion. Judging hy liis
own words, he fully expected the Liberals to prove that
the Conservative government of which he is leader, hid
been guilty of embezzlement or fraud on a great scale.
As they did not prove any such thing, he thinks lie has
gained a clean bill of health.
THE PREMIER'S LITTLE HAND
As a matter of fact, the Liberals have proved a very
great deal in the course of their investigations. They have
proved how patronage has been worked to the utmost
limit; how contractors, have had to "see" the local Conser-
vatice committees before getting or letting work, and how
Messrs. Matson, Hamilton Read and Alexander all received great benefit from their connection with the government. There was no need to investigate the Dominion
Tnist scandal. That cannot be hidden even under the mire
of plugging. Premier Ilowser naturally relies on this mire
as a means of enveloping the Liberal attack. It-may be
taken for granted that the premier has by no means lost
sight of the plugging investigation as a political asset. Tt
appeals to him and it is more than likely that at thc last
moment he will try and use it to swing public sentiment
against the Liberals. If he car. keep his fingers on John
Scott and two or three days before election get him to
make an affidavit stating where he obtained the funds for
lhe plugging, which could bc published in all the newspapers, it would be the sort of campaign material he would
thoroughly relish. The Liberals cannot blame Mr. Bowser
if he does this. John Scott would perhaps tell a fine story
from the Conservative point of view, if he were paid to do
so. The whole question is whether this story is worth a
round sum of money to the Conservatives. If so, they
better keep a close watch oh Mr. John Scott ami at Ihc last
moment get his story and make it as public as possible���if
it happens to suit them. If it docs ii"t suit them hut proves
that Mr. Macdonald himself knew nothing of the plugging
1hey better, through tlieir friend, Mr. John Sullivan, watch
Scott and prevent the Liberals using any story he n a>
have to tell.
TAKE NO CHANCES
It is rather wearisome being obliged to mention this matter almost continually, but, unfortunately, it is the premier's trump card, lie hopes lo win the election mi the
plugging investigation, I hiring liis tour lie has probably
thoroughly realised that he i.-. on the brink "I disaster unless he can change public sentiment by some such tactics.
As far as Vancouver is concerned, lie still believes lie can
win his seat, and that public sentiment, which was s-. much
against him at the bye-elections, has undergone ;i com-
plete change. There is to be another convention to nominate a ticket and it is probable that there will be very considerable changes amongst tlic official candidates. Messrs.
Welsh'anil Duke are expected to retire in favor of Messrs.
Maguire and Jonathan Rogers. Messrs. Tisdall and Mac-
Govvau will both run again, and it is more likely that they
will be successful. The premier seems determined to fight
for his seat. Vancouver will probably split the ticket as
well as the Conservative party. Under present circumstances, it is nauseating but probably true, that the Conservatives will make all the capital they can out of the
alleged plugging done at the last election by the Liberals.
They hope to make that mud stick somehow. It is undoubtedly a feather in Mr. Macdonalds cap that Sir Charles
Hibbert Tupper believes in him, and it is generally acknowledged that Mr. Macdonald himself seems to be prepared to face the music quite boldly. It is said that in
the whole course of his political career, he has never spoken with such passion or eloquence as he has done since
the scandal was investigated. He declares his conscience
- js clear and those who heard him believe him. As has
' 'oeen said in these columns before, if he knows of anything which can throw light on the situation, if he can give
out a perfectly frank statement of his connection with
John Scott, it will pay him to do so. He is dealing with
an extremely unscrupulous and shrewd man, as his opponent, and does not want to take any chances.
WILL SWEAR BUT NOT BET
So much for Mr. Bowser's tour and its results. His
island tour was hardly a success. It is said that at Duncans
the people would not listen to him. In the north they listened to him, but tlieir enthusiasrt does not seem to have
been overwhelming.    He will probably speak iu Vancou
ver during the month and his faithful followers will no
doubt endeavor to stimulate enthusiasm which, futh to
tell, they do not feel. Their sentiment may bc summed
up by stating that they would be exceedingly glad if the
premier would transfer his endeavors to Kamloops .md
not run in Vancouver. They will endorse his nomination
with much enthusiasm and make eulogistic speeches regarding his services to the party. But he is a terrible
handicap, and they know it. Every one of them would
swear he will retain his seat, but not many of them would
care to bet very heavily on their oath.
MR. BREWSTER'S FRANKNESS
Mr. lircwster, the Liberal leader, and his lieutenant, Mr.
Macdonald, opened the Liberal campaign in Vancouver
this week. It is difficult to judge public sentiment by such
meetings, but the theatre was packed to the doors 'ind
tliere was much enthusiasm. Their tour of the province^'
should indicate to some extent how public opinion stands.
It is a bold thing, and the right thing, for Mr. Brewster to
take Mr. Macdonald with him. What Mr. Brewster says
in effect is that he has investigated the whole of the plugging charges, and is completely satisfied that Mr, Macdonald had nothing to do with them personally. What he
says to Mr. Macdonald is this: "Vou are the one on whom
these charges have fallen.    Vou tell me you are innocent-
A
WILLIAM  SI.OAN, BX-M.P.
MR. WILLIAM SLOAN. Ex-M.P.
V, from the County ol Bruce.
II.   C.   Brewster   will  not   have  a  more  energetic
supporter .ir more skilful campaigner in the contest
which has opened than William Sloan, ot Nanaimo.
When it was announced that Mr. Sloan had thrown his
hat in the ring in his home constituency of Xanaimo, there
was general exultation throughout British Columbia Liberalism.
Mr. Sloan, parliamentarian, traveller and capitalist, first
came to British Columbia in 1888 from Seaforth, Ontario.
He spent some years going up and down the trails and
the rivers in those early days in the capacity of a travelling salesman. He has resided in Victoria, Vancouver and
Xanaimo and is one of the best known men in the province.
At the general elections in 19<XJ he contested Vancouver
for the House of Commons and was defeated. He ran
again four years after in Comox-Atlin and was elected by a
large majority, and was re-elected in 1908. He resigned his
seat in parliament to make way for the late Hon. William
Templeman, who was called into the  Laurier cabinet.
Few people have wider interests in British Columbia
than has Mr. Sloan. He has always worked hard for the
Province in his capacity as a private citizen and as a public
man. In Xanaimo the people swear by William Sloan and
his election there is practically assured.
Mr. Sloan's wide knowledge of mining and his familiarity
with all phases of the industry as it exists in British Columbia gives rise to the suggestion which has been made
in many quarters that Mr. Sloan, in the event of his party
being successful at the polls, would advise Mr. Brewster
as to the conduct of the Department of Mines.
BUSINESS AND LEGISLATION
Here, then, we have the two political parties going be-
ffore the electors. These articles have hitherto confined
themselves almost entirely to local political conditions.
They have attempted to set forth in a readable manner
some of the difficulties besetting the politicians and the
people of British Columbia.   They have analysed most of
and  1   believe  you.    If you are guilty you will  ruin~the)jthc leSislatj��" b~"eht ^'w'] at fhe last session, and while
party by campaigning wilh vie. Come out like a man or
resign. You've got to face the music." And Mr. Macdonald, knowing the issues at stake, coii.es out like a man.   .
THE LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR'S VETO
Xow that is the situation as far as the two parties are
concerned. Mr. Bowser has tried to make con .ilerable
political capital out of Mr. Ralph Smith's somewhat
tactless statement iu the public press that Mr. Brewster
was entirely wrong in launching that writ against the premier. Probably Mr. Brewster would himself admit he hail
been a little hasty, lie may nut have followed thc action
to its logical conclusion. But on the other hand he was
up against a very peculiar situation. Supposing he hn.il.!
been led to believe that tlie Lieutenant-Governor, Mr.
Barnard, would veto the bill providing for six million dollars for the Pacific Great Eastern and $4,G0Q.CO0 for the
Provincial Government on the ground tliat it was two
money bills and could not be passed as a loan bill for
$10,000,000; nor without first appealing to die people. It
will be remembered that Air. Barnard is said to have refused to sign the prohibition bill without an amending
clause providing for compensation and that the premier
threatened to resign and state in the house that the liett-
they may have been considered generally destructive in
their criticism, it will at least be acknowledged that they
have attempted to give an alternative which would be business-like, if not politically wiser, than the methods pursued by the so-called business government, which the
premier, tlic lion. VY. J. Bowser, has attempted to establish at Victoria. In every case, the policies of the government have been criticised from the business, not from the
partisan point of view. For it is on the business community that thc burden of legislation must fall, and therefore it is to the business community that these articles
have tried to appeal. The difficulty of that appeal is
clear when it is realised that business seldom considers
[.itself as anything but a somewhat indifferent spectator of
the political show until its own individual interests are
affected. It then attempts to assert itself as an individual
and finds that political interests, while they may bc dominated by the individual, are invariably co-operative. The
great objective ol" the political interests is to keep in power, Therefore legislation is judged entirely by its possible
effect on the voter. Xo politician is likely to destroy thc
source from which he draws all his strength, lie will not
bring in legislation which is likely to prove unpopular,
however much it may be a necessity of good, hones gov-
tenant-governor refused  to sign  the  bill because  he  had' eminent.
invested a large sum of money in the breweries. If any
such thing happened here was a great opportunity for thc
lieutenant-governor, He could have turned to tlie premier
and told him to go ahead and make that statement and he
would veto the bill just the same and issue a frank statement to tlie press on the whole subject. The story, on
the face of it, hardly looks like fact, because the lieutenant-governor is an infinitely more popular person than the
premier. If he vetoed any bill, the people would consider
they had a really independent lieutenant-governor at last.
There is no harm at all in the lieutenant-governor being
interested in a brewery. He bought the shares long before
he was an official and all he had to do was to plainly stair
facts. It is, however, a clear proof that a local man should
not be made lieutenant-governor,
MR. RALPH SMITH'S INDEPENDENCE
But aside from this, if Mr. Brewster, through a casual
conversation or deliberately, had been led to expect lhat
Mr. Barnard would veto thc I tan bill, he would naturally
not have worried much about  the question of investigation,    lie would have relied 011 lh<- veto lo brine, iln- n  ii-
li-r clearlj before ihe public.   Bin finding that I
passed, he took thc only means which lay within
.if attempting to previ nt Missis. Foley, Welch a
getting their hands on  the people's  money,    I
hold u|�� legislation .until it was properly sell!.
LACK OF ORGANISED OPPOSITION
Thus the business interests at once find themselves-disorganised. The lumbermen's interests may not be the
interests of the shipping men, the mining men want something which is of no interest to the farmers, the farmers
are not interested in the fisheries. Government, however,
| is concerned wilh all these tilings and realists perfectly
| well that they will not unite on anything which does nol
affect tlieir particular business. Thus the shipping men
find the government bringing in a bill which, vitally affects their interests, but ihey cannot influence the legislation, merely because llie bill seems to thise wli.. do not
understand shipping, to provide ships when there are none
a new industry
objection! or sug;
.-.naps its lingers
restiotis because i
u <ibject in \ iew.
al
the
.ill
i and to stimulate
i formulate their
; ihe government
ignores the SUgj
' up with a yi i la
votes.
THE BOARD OF TRADE
the ii ii-|     It is exact)*  ihc same wiih the lumbcrmci
bill w is  ally affected by much  of ihc legislati m  ;
is powerithc  provincial government, bm as long as
Stewarl   terests arc not touched they stand aside
he could operating with other business inte'reats, ih
ther] individually. Mow there must be some givt
They hold meetings and
Bui
Intents,
ijecti' m
POLITICS AND BUSINESS
Of course tin's brings up the whole question of politics,
which has to be carefully avoided. But this last session of
the legislature has seen so much legislation brought down
which is most unbusinesslike, that it is impossible for the
business community to remain entirely indifferent to the
general trend of affairs. Probably it is not indifferent,
but merely inarticulate. The business interests do not
desire to pander lo any individual interest. They have to
walk very warily in discussing public matters, for the very
good reason that the public is apt to suspect their good
faith. These articles have tried to put before the public,
not the Liberal nor the Conservative point of view in regard to legislation, but the plain matter of fact point of
view without any regard for various interests. In the long
run, it is that point of view which is really the business
interest, because the advantage of the one is the advantage
of all. Jt is to.the general interest to increase business
and to build up this country on a satisfactory basis. X>
one, least of all any business interest, desires to sit on
what it has obtained in the past and hope to hatch a profitable future out of it.
THE SHOWCASE OF LEGISLATION
Tlie situation should be quite clear to the voter and to
the business men of the province.    There must be a very
heavy increase in Dominion taxation in order to meet our
liabilities caused by the war.   There must also be a heavy
increase in provincial taxation in order to meet the enormous increase in liabilities as explained in a previous article.    W'e  cannot  evade  these  two  issue-.    There must
; also in all probability be an increase in civic taxation in
| order to inert the ordinary civic expenditure and the lall-
! ing value of the assessment which must fall in accordance
with values.    It is no good shutting ..ur ryes to such plain
| facts.    Xow this general increase in taxation is liable i.
establishing itself here. The
usiness by borrowing  money
ihe heavier our ultimate ba-
:      lo is to el :i ur ige b isincss hy
���   ���   ssible.    n is inexpensive to Find
-ell and where t" sell ;i     It ia inex-
our whole business i i       tho < i     I
Bul to base cvt rytl    -        thc sup-
can always be ' to     lagina
| make business hesitate bi
. more wc tr* to encourag
I to establish  industries  i .
t.
bilitj
What
wt
giving it ever*,  tactl
mil  what w(   hair t<
I ensi* e to ��� >rganise
..-.-. like basis,
��� ���ii ibai money
!bu
rotignt
their  ..
I'll!
1-1
lhe legislature was legally sitting after March 1-t, he
prevent the money bill going through ami thus also prevent the government borrowing money for Foley, Welch
and Stewart, without first making an investigation into
lhe accounts. It is also perfectly true, as Mr. Brewster
states, that under present circumstances, anyone who is
affected by the legislation passed at the last session, can
bring action against the government on the technical point
of whether the legislature was sitting. To save such action would have been beneficial to the public. Mr. Brewster probably considered it his duty to make a test of the
point, and took the only means which lay within his power
to do so. If Mr. Bowser had at once admitted the matter
to the courts���as an honest man would have done���the
whole thing could have been settled very quickly. Mr.
Ralph Smith did not agree with Mr. Brewster's action
because it is apt to hold up all business and thus prejudice
the people against the Liberals. Like a good Northumbrian] he said so. He is always frank and always independent. But that is the privilege of Liberalism, and it would
be a thousand pities if Mr. Brewster showed the slightest
resentment of Mr. Smith's action. It would be tactful if
he came out publicly with a statement to the effect that
cvery Liberal had a perfect right to his point of view, and
hoped that as long as he had the honor of leading the
party, his old friend, Mr. Ralph Smith, would always be
frank.
tn
these matters. There must be some definite
the business interests as a whole can join i
government and establish themselves as a fi
the politicians will listen. Many people seen
Board of Trade acts as a precipitate of the
ness interests.    'Ihey cannot meet under ils
.ml act
^^t in all
.me ou which
sue wilh the
rrc to w Inch
to think the
various busi-
  auspices, discuss the situation and come to some decision. In truth,
thc Board of Trade does do something of the kind, but it
fails to make its influence felt upon the public. Its opinions are usually divided and the public is inclined to consider the members divided by politics rather than business.
IS BUSINESS SELFISH?
Xow this is really the crux of the situation. How far
can the business men influence public opinion? They have
an exceedingly difficult task to perform, because many
weary years business has been under a cloud of suspicion.
It is perhaps natural that public opinion should bc suspicious of business. Business has never shown itself very
careful regarding public opinion. If it has seen something profitable, it has snatched at it without much regard
for public right. Business is considered selfish, soulless,
and hard. Labor looks on it with hostility, because it is
presumably capitalistic. "Business has no sentiment" is
a common saying. Well, all this may have been so in the
past, but today business is beginning to see things from
a very different angle. Business is beginning to recognise that it is infinitely more profitable in the long run
to have the sentiment of the community behind it than to
be considered selfish and totally regardless of everything
but its own interests.
arrowing  mom j
The l'i emi
lo borrow mon
ncreasing our asset-, is quite
seems to imagine that thc voter can
lii     -how  case    i l- gislatiou, all of
riiy   if only iln   \. ter all  w -   thi
enough 1-. pay   for it.
THE MAINSTAY  OF OUR EXISTENCE
!t is this s..it . ;
are "up against."
men but the wh.
thing. For hush;
the social or ecoi
whole existence.
'c; tlu- business mr-' of thc c immunity
.-iiiciitally al-.-. i. i o ';��� the business
ommunity is "up against"1 the same
is, alter all, not an isolated part of
ic structure, but the mainstay of tSuv
survive we must carry
 Business, to
prosper wc must increase business. The legislation which'
affects the shipping interests, affects every man, woman
and child in the community either indirectly or directly.
If the lumber mills are shut <+o\wu. the retailer is affected
and there is so much the lestWfnoney circulating in the
community. If the fishing is bad, the same thing happens.
The danger is that ij the Conservative party as at present
constituted is returned to power with Mr. Bowser as
premier, he writ, consider that the country has endorsed
his administration'and will proceed along the lines he
knows best. He will think that the people approve of his
connection with the Dominion Trust scandal, of his most
profitable partnership in his law firm, of his methods and
his legislation. If the Liberals are returned they, at any
rate, will have to try and "make good." They will have to
be extremely careful how they go -to work and they will
have to avoid the temptations which have brought so much
criticism ou the head of the premier. .
,.'    ���CRlflCUS.
^^^*"B
*"    . . TWO
THE  STANDARD
SATURDAY, JL'LY 8,  1916
��hf *��tmtbar&
Published every Saturday at 42C Homer Street, Vancouver.
Telephone   Seymour 470
misdeeds of an administration which is sick unto death.
Their folly is more remarkable than their crimes anil only
foes to prove that those whom the gods intend to destroy,
they first reduce to madness.
-
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Second Class Mall Matter.
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The Standard, with which is incorporated the Saturday
Chinook, circulates In Vancouver and the cities, towns, villages and settlements throughout British Columbia. In
politics the paper is Independent Liberal.
Publishers The Standard Printers
���EDITORIAL OPINIONS:
THE GREAT LIBERAL MEETING
THE great Liberal meeting at the Empress Theatre
will prove valuable not so much from what was said,
as "from what was suggested. The two lady speakers
dealt with well-worn themes but, it is true, in a perfectly
charming, convincing and able manner. They added, however, little to our knowledge of the subject of women's
suffrage. They were convincing to those already converted and the justice of their cause was as readily admitted by all present as it might be to assent to the proposition that two and two make four. Thc only thing with
regard to this question of equal rights to women is thc
mode of procedure by which these rights can be wrung
from a reluctant Conservative government, should there
be again such���which Heaven forbid���or can be given by
a Liberal government quickly and without any embarrassment of governmental procedure.
Mr. Brewster had a somewhat difficult task. In the
brief space of an hour or less he had to review sins of
omission and commission by the one-man Bowser government. As well might a minister try to get the whole Bible
into one sermon. To adequately describe the sins of the
Bowser administration would occupy time and encroach
upon eternity. But just as the geologist can build up the
structure of an extinct animal from one or two bones,
so Mr. Brewster gave typical instances of graft, corruption, incompetence, tyranny and self-aggrandisement, from
which an intellegent listener will have no difficulty, on
reflection, in reconstructing the entire Bowser cosmogony.
It was, of course, a difficult question with Mr. Ralph
Smith on the platform to touch upon and justify the P. G.
E. writ, which Mr. Brewster has issued, and which im-
punges the validity of the Bowser administration. It would
have been open, of course, for Mr. Ralph Smith or any
other dissenter from Mr. Brewster's policy to object that
this writ impunges not only some nefarious, but the very
little useful business which the Bowser administration has
performed. But Mr. Brewster, by a bold stroke, disarmed
such criticism by demonstrating clearly that he was fighting for a principle, a principle as dear to British liberty
as the integrity and freedom of smaller nations���as the
sacredness of a solemn treaty���that lie was in fact drawing
thc sword against the Bowser one-man autocracy and with
as much justification as the British people in our effort
to defeat the ambitious tyranny of a one-man Kaiser.
Mr. Macdonald pleaded for a suspension of judgment
until the real truth came out with regard to those charges
which have been levelled against him. Even at this stage
he showed that enough was known of the dastardly scheme
of "character assassination" to vindicate him and permit
him to walk about among friends and enemies with head
erect and chest held high and no fear that he had lost
or forfeited the people's confidence. The hearty storm of
applause which greeted this vindication showed that the
confidence reposed in the member for Vancouver had indeed "moulted no feather." But as Mr. Macdonald went
onto say, "this is not enough; the dastardly plot must
be traced to its fountain head." Already the "man below,"
the self-confessed tool, has been exposed; but "the man
above" must be unmasked. And it must be demonstrated
to the electors of the province that there are men placed
in high positions who will stoop to any depth of degradation to achieve ends in view-those ends being personal
aggrandisement and the enriching of one's self and one's
friends. Richelieu said, "When the lion's skin is short
you must eke it out with tlie skin of a fox." Mr Mac
donald showed that there are British Columbia politicians
who wear a skin which they pretend to bc that of a lion
and they are willing "to eke it out" when it suits their
purpose with the skin of ,nc skllnl; all(1 (. e po,e Mt
Of course there has been an attempt to minimize the
importance of this great gathering. As Mr. Macdonald*
said, very little justice or fairness can be expected from
the "unctuous hirelings" of the Bowser government For
our own part, we are not going to dwell in superlatives
We will not say that the meeting was the greatest, the
most remarkable one ever held in Vancouver. Mercutio's
wound was not as deep as a well or as wide as a church
door.   But it was���ENOUGH.
The demonstration at the Empress Theatre was enough
to set the people pondering and thinking over the folly and
LAND GRABBERS AND THE  RIGHTS  OF
1        THE PEOPLE
THE Vancouver Angling Society will more than justify
itt existence if it continues to have as useful and
illuminating discussions as that which took place al
the first meeting in the society's fine club room in the
Loo Block, Vancouver. The business proceedings, the
holiday experiences and other talks hail interests of their
own. But a discussion which hinged on a casual remark
has a significance and value which will be appreciated far
beyond the confines of the club membership.
Said a member, "1 went fishing on Dominion Day some
sixty or seventy miles from Vancouver. I found myself
on the edge of a stream and 1 had fairly good sport. Nobody interfered with me, but I do not know���and to some
extent���I do not care whose property 1 was on. Still the
question arises in my mind: 'Had I any right there?'"
"No," replied another member of the club, a legal gentleman. "Vou were probably there on sufferance; you
were only there because the owner of the land had not
gamekeepers and police to put vy<>u off. All the land is
private property. It is difficult to find a bit of land in
British Columbia that is not crown granted, sold, leased
or given away to somebody. The only place you can be
sure of being able to walk without trespassing is on the
bank of a navigable river at low water or upon the public
highway. For the land owner owns the river banks, down
to high-water mark."
So it is. And the reflection is forced upon one that
when a visitor from Canada or British Columbia has gone
ovjer to old Britain and sneered and laughed at the notice
boards "Trespassers Beware," "This Land is Private Property," and "Beware of the Dog;" he has had little cause
for his hilarity. Thc only reason he has enjoyed a larger
liberty at home is not because the land grabber has not
got thc power and he has not at present the need to exercise the will to keep "trespassers" off his property. But
the fact remains that in this country of magnificent distances���in this land of limitless space���in this province
where there is enough for all and to spare���thc land
grabber has so cornered the land tliat you cannot climb
a hill to see the sunset, you cannot wander into a vale to
gather flowers, you cannot throw a line into a stream to
get a fish, cither for sport or perhaps for necessary food
without technically invading somebody's "rights." And
there is somewhere some land grabber, perhaps a German
alien, who could bid you get off the earth if he had the
mind to do so.
The Vancouver Angling Society will do well to pursue
this subject further���they will do well to cut trails, make
access to river, lake and stream, and preserve those few
rights to nature which the cupidity of land grabbers and
stupidity of governments have left to the people.
It will be no small reason for self congratulation if the
members of the angling society only follow the example
of the village Hampden, of Gray's Elegy, who "the little
tyrant of the fields withstood," For this service to the
community the Vancouver anglers will deserve the sincere thanks of the community of today and the blessings
of posterity.
THE SCHOOL BOARD AGAIN
NOW comes a complaint that the School Board officials, in the matter of handling monies, have not been
in the habit of observing a strict system such as good
business methods would demand.
The custom has been, with regards to the payment of
salaries, to count out each employee's salary, place it in
an envelope, and hand the envelope to the employee in
return for a receipt for the sum of money alleged to be
in the envelope.
Now one young woman received her pay, signed a receipt for it, opened her envelope, counted the money, and,
it is said, found herself just fifty dollars short.
Complaint was made at the offices of the Board, with
the result that the employee was advised that possibly
thc fifty dollars had been dropped to the floor, had taken
wings and flown away, or otherwise had escaped.
There arc instances where a janitor has called at the
school offices, asked for the money to pay off teachers
a certain school, and without offering bond or otherwise giving evidence of good faith, has carried thousands
of dollars and has constituted himself as a sort of sub-
paymaster. It is not suggested that money iu this way
was wasted or stolen, More care might be shown, better
business rules observed.
THE MERCHANTS BANK'S NEW PREMISES
THIS week the Granville Street branch of the Merchants Bank moves into the magnificent new building
at the comer of Render and Granville, which has
just been completed, 'lhe policy of the bank in building
al lhe present time is one which might well bc followed
by other Vancouver Concerns who are putting off construction of buildings for a later period. The experience of the
Merchants Dank in the construction of the building in
question is said to be that a saving in the cost over that
of ordinary times is such as to appeal to men with good
business instinct. The new premises of the Bank are probably the most magnificent in the city. The architectural
style is of a plain, substantial character, which perhaps
interprets in a manner the strength and policy of the institution.
CHINOOK
Breezes of Indignation
And Information
STOP THIEFI
ONE of the arts of speaking is to get a good title for
your address and speak ou a timely topic. There
was once a curate who was driven out of his parish
by the Tory squire, whose name was Hardy, and he did
not like the young curate's radical principles. The curate
preached his farewell sermon, taking for his text, "There
is no fool like the 'foolhardy.'"
At another time when a village was all agog over a
coming cricket match, the parson roused the sleepy young
men of his congregation by saying at the close of his
Bible reading, "Here endeth the first innings."
Dr. Jordan, the eye man, has a similar witty idea of
being timely. He addressed the young Conservatives, taking for his title, "Stop Thief." But is he not a little late?
Should he not have given this lecture before the Songhees
Reserve and a few other deals���then it is doubtful if a
Jordan would stop thieving, a Xiagara wduld hardly do it.
SLURRING THE NAME OF CANADA
WF. are surprised to read of a speech said to have been
delivered by Mr.  Lome A. Campbell, Minister of
Mines, in which it was stated that Canadians were
not a mining people, and therefore "he is looking largely
to the United States for the proper development of mines
and mining properties in British Columbia."
Hon. Mr. Campbell has been regarded as the strong
man in the present Government, and it is surprising that
he should be the father of such utterances. While it is
doubtless true that citizens of the United States are taking
a big part in the development of the mining resources of
this country, it is far from statesmanlike for Mr. Campbell
to utter any word calculated to belittle or discourage
Canadian effort in the development of this industry.
WHILE THE LARGE audience on the platform were
waiting for thc curtain to go up at the great Liberal meeting anil the performance to begin, a couple of light tree
wings fell down, and one of the Tory newspapers says
that this was an omen of the Liberals being smothered.
How differently people regard the same incident. A well-
known Shakespearean scholar on the stage saw in it an
omen of victory. There was good reason for Macbeth to
quake when he saw the Liberal army marching on to
victory and even Burnham Wood marching with them.
ONE OF THE best hits made by Macdonald in the course
of his apeech waa in the nature of a aly dig. He allowed
that with regard to the plugging incident that every attempt had been made to keep Scott from giving evidence.
"In fact," aaid Mr. Macdonald, "they pretended to want,
but did not want, a real inveatigation, and you may have
noticed how very reluctant the Tories are to have such a
thing as an investigation, even going the length of seeking
injunctiona when investigations are in the air."
MAY IRWIN, ONCE the most popular comedienne of
the American stage, ia a Canadian. She was born at
Whitby, Ontario, and is now 55 years of age.
THE HYPHENATED CANADIAN must go.   We have
no room for him in Canada.
THE GRAIN  EXPERTS have already got the  prairie
wheat crop figured to within aeventeen buahels.
THE AMERICAN  PAPERS  have not yet commenced
publishing the casualty lists of the "Mexican War/'
THIS SEASON CAN never be accused of being too forward.
* * *
A SPECIAL COLUMN in the morning SUN, Tuesday, ia
called a "Hiatus" by the editor. The term would be quite
applicable to severs! of the other columns.
* * *
THE CITIZENS OF Prince George believe in "Safety
First."   The Mayor's name is "Gillette."
IT IS ALLEGED that discrimination is shown against
the employment of Orangemen in the civic departments.
The "byes" are determined to locate the yellow streak.
IF THE PREDICTION of the weather crank who forecasts forty years of continuous rain are fulfilled, that little
shower during the deluge will be a bead of perspiration
in comparison.
* * *
BETWEEN THE SATURDAY half-holiday and the license hours regulations, the liquor dealers are aubjected
to the squeeze play. Two hours ia rather a brief period
in which to do a day'a business.
IT IS A FAD in the East for the girls to present the
military officers with socks in which the colors and pattern of the Union Jack arc displayed. The wearers will
have to use garters to keep the old flag from touching
the ground.
+ * +
FAXCY THE PIOUS and prudish WORLD being the
first to violate the Sunday laws by issuing a war extra
containing a rehash of what appeared in the morning
papers.
* * *
THE CITY WILL have a pretty bill of costs to pay when
it gets through the litigation caused by the enforcement of
the blue laws.
* * *
AN ADVERTISER IN the DAILY PROVINCE wishes
to exchange thirty Leghorn chickens for real estate. Here's
a chance for some enterprising agent to feather his nest.
THIRSTY RESIDENTS OF Hashington who wished to
enjoy a "Glorious Fourth" came over to Vancouver, where
the "glory" is kept on tap.
IN THIS WARLIKE age any small school boy can tell
you all about "salients" and "sectors."
BY KIND PERMISSION of the Commissioners, citizens
will be permitted to read the papers on Sunday. This
privilege is subject to cancellation without notice.
THE MAN WHO tore the blinds from the front windows
of the B. C. E. R. street cars was a man of brains. An
unobstructed view ahead of the car gives the passenger
many added delights.
* * *
IF THE B. C. E. R. wants to deal a death blow to jitney
traffic, let them furnish passengers with the daily newspapers at one cent each.
PEOPLE WHO RIDE on Vancouver street cars do u t
read the news as they ride. You see, they must pay five
cents for each of the newspapers. This is too much. T ���
average working man can only afford to subscribe for . ,
paper and that paper goes P. his home. While on the car
| he merely sits and wastes time. If papers were sold at a
penny each, hundreds of papers would be read on the cars.
The habit would spread. You can't read a paper on a
jitney.
* * *
ANOTHER POINT IS that the B. C, I*:. R. should all.. ��
people to smoke on the three rear seats of the car-. Tl.:-
law they have against Smoking is ridiculous. While we
do not smoke ourselves, yet wc -er no reason why working men or business men, tired after a hard day's work,
should not bc allowed to have a puff by way of relaxation
on their way home.
* * *
II* YOU WOULD help introduce a penny newspaper in
Vancouver, you'll do away with a lot ,,f jitney riding, Mr
B. C. Electric!
* + *
AXY OXE DISSATISFIED with the local street railway should sample the Mackenzie and Mann system in
iCoronto. On the Toronto street railway no car is allowed
to run unless it has first been scrapped by some other
transportation concern. For dirty, flat-wheeled chariots,
go to Toronto.
* * *
A GOOD WAY to solve thc high cost of living is to get
a job as colonel in the army, rent your automobile to the
department of militia, rent your land to the department of
militia as a site for a camp, hire your son as a chaffeur
to drive you about.
* * *
BE SURE, HOWEVER, to stay well behind the firing:
line, going into action only at Canadian Club luncheons.
* * *
DO THIS AND posterity will decorate its halls with oil;
paintings of your heroic person.
* * *
NINE YEARS AGO, W. W. B. Mclnnes, speaking at
Parksville, B.C., declared with great fervor that no railway had any strings on the Liberal party. By the Grace
of the Almighty and the strong arm of Mr. H. C. Brewster,
no railway today has any strings on the Liberal party.
BRITAIN
"OTHER NATIONS MIGHT run a war better, but there
is none that could be better trusted to win a war. To be
sure of this," aays the New York Times, "you have only
to consider what would happen to the Allies in the event
of Britain deserting them, and then, on thc other hand,
what Britain would do if her allies deserted her. She
would not stop. She would go on alone, as she has been
known to do before, because she is united and tenacious,
even in a mood of self-depreciation, or perhaps more so-
in that mood than in any other. Britain, denouncing herself as inefficient, is yet the greatest moral asaet of democracy in Europe."
* * *
A HARDSHIP
A LETTER RECEIVED from a hotiae owner, calla attention to a matter that a live Government would seek to
deal with in the light of experience. There is evidence
that not a few men have donned the uniform for the purpose of dodging their honest debts, and many innocent
citizens are suffering in consequence. The respectable
soldiers and respectable civilians feel quite justly, that
the present blanket protection laws of the Dominion need
amending. Judging by the alleged number of men, quite
unserviceable so far as fighting is concerned, who have
joined the army, and are today laughing at their creditors,
the Government is almost helping some men to take unfair advantage of a law that permits a grcat deal of injustice. In thc case of enlisters for .the "safe" and "easy
places" in the campaign, the Government would help matters by demanding a clean bill of health so far as finances
are concerned. There are thousands of men and to spare
of the class who do not expect to fire a shot or get behind
a bayonet drive.���Winnipeg Telegram.
* * *
WHliN A GOVERNMENT employee joins the colors and
goes to the front his job should be made open for him on
his return, if the heroe so desires. If a soldier who has-
fought his way past death in France and returns to British
Columbia seeks and is fitted for a job in the Government
service he should not be expected to do more than present
his card or button. Among soldiers and their relatives-
is developing a great sweeping sentiment which will mould
public opinion to demand such conditions.���Xieola Valley
News.
* * *
���>"'ll-. KINCARDINE "REVIEW" likens the Kaiser's-
boast of a German naval victory in the North Sea to the
claim of one of his great-Uncles, George IV, that he had
led a division at the Battle of Waterloo. But there is this
to be aaid for the graceless old George, he did not claim
to have God with him in that mythical exploit.
��� * *
THE LORD'S DAY ALLIANCE is still determined that
people shall not have a bath on Sunday, if they can help
it. Recently a deputation from this body waited upon
the Toronto Police Commissioners with the request that
the High Park Sanitarium swimming baths be closed on
Sunday, to which, however, the Commissioners, being
more inclined to follow the old proverb that "Cleanliness-
is next to Godliness," refused to comply.���Saturday Night.
* -**
PROFITEERING SCOUNDRELS
GEORGE LANSBURY, in THE HERALD (London):
"The death rate amongst children born during thc wy-
Still goes up. This casualty list is relatively higher than
amongst thc armies on the continent. This slaughter of
the innocents is brought about because of poverty and
because mothers are driven out to earn their bread and
leave their babies to chance."
And even yet the public conscience does not strongly
revolt at the revelation concerning infernal profiteering
rascals���damned scoundrels���who have used their wits
and pull to make huge fortunes out of ammunition supplied to thc soldiers with which to fight the enemy. Canada could well afford to make a very severe example of
several of those commission agents in the east, horse
agents as well as ammunition agents.���Winnipeg Telegram.
ik. SATURDAY, JULY 8, 1916
THE  STANDARD
THREE
BOND INVESTMENTS
Primarily, look for healthy security and buy from a responsible
Company that has carefully scrutinized the investment.
Second, consider the interest returns.
The safeguards of a true investment can bc easily verified. The
B. C. Municipal Bonds we handle are a charge on all properties
within each respective municipality, They yield from 6 ��� per
cent, to 7N per cent.   Consult our Bond Dept. in person or by letter.
Canadian Financiers Trust Company
Head Office: 839 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B.C.
PATRICK DONNELLY, General Manager.
Northern Securities Limited
Established 1906
529 PENDER STREET WEST
FINANCIAL AGENTS.
Seymour 1574
ESTATE MANAGERS
NOTARY PUBLIC
FOR EXCHANGE
Good 160-acre farm, 83 miles from Winnipeg. 1 mile from P. O. and
school. 30 acres broken, on good government road. Barn, well and
small house.   Clear of encumbrance.   Will take house in Vancouver.
B. GEO. HANSULD
Manager
Excelsior Life Insurance Company
Head Office: Toronto
VANCOUVER OFFICES:   STANDARD BANK BUILDING
F. J. Gillespie,
Provincial Manager
M. J. Gillespie,
Provincial Inspector
This old line Company has $1.50 far every dollar of liability.
Our policies are approved by the Dominion Government The rates
are no higher than other Companies.   "Safety First" is our motto.
Telephone Directory
Closes JULY 15th
The September issue of the Mainland Telephone Directory closes on July 15th.
If you are contemplating installing a telephone, do it now and have your name listed in
the forthcoming issue.
If you intend moving during the next two
months, come in and have your new addresd
listed.
B.C. TELEPHONE CO. LTD.
Jingle P
COAL
OT
Always Mined by Union
White Labor
Coast Lumber & Fuel Co., Ltd.
Phone Fair. 2500    Phone High. 226    Phone Fraser 41
FINANCE & COMMERCE
CANADIAN NORTHERN RAILWAY AND CITY OF VANCOUVER
Nothing new lias developed during the past week in connection with the
demand made on tile City to pay an arbitration award of $73,000 in connection
with the False Creek expropriations. Tin* C. N. R, is still in default and a
judgment for $73,000 has been virtually secured against the City. Sir Donald
Mann will arrive on the scene in a few days, and the public will bc interested
in his explanation of the present situation.
In this connection it is interesting to recall some of thc proceedings of
the recent session of the Provincial Legislature, and at this particular time
it would appear of interest to reproduce the questions placed on the order
paper by the leader of the opposition, and. the replies by the Minister of Finance in reference to the Vancouver Terminal Bonds.
"1.���In what bank or banks were the proceeds from the sale of bonds
authorized by Canadian Northern Terminal Act, 1913, originally deposited?   Ans.���The Canadian Bank of Commerce, Toronto.
"2.���Was there any transfer or transfers of the deposit or deposits
or any part thereof to another bank or banks?    Ans.���No.
"3.���If so, to what bank or banks and to what accounts in each cash?
Ans.���Answered by No. 2.
"4.���In what bank or banks are the proceeds now deposited? Ans.���
The Canadian Bank of Commerce, Toronto.
"5.���Has any amount or amounts been paid out of said proceeds of
said bonds since the 31st March, 1915?   Ans.���$176,145.13.
"6.���What is the total amount now to the credit of the account or
accounts with respect to said terminal bonds?   Ans.���$5,543,336.75.
"7.���What amount in dollars of terminal bonds have been sold? Ans.
���$8,614,000.(10.
"8.���What is the net amount of money received as the proceeds of
such sale?   Ans.���$7,954,814.43.
"9.���What amount of money realised from the sale or by hypothecation of terminal bonds has been expended to date?   Ans.���$2,411,477.68.
"10.���For what purposes have such expenditures been made with particulars in each case?   Ans.���Sec report below.
"11.���Have any of the guaranteed terminal bonds been hypothecated
and if so?   Ans.���No.
"12.���To what amount?    Ans.���Answered by Xo. 11.
"13.���Have any of the monies realised from the sale or hypothecation of bonds been diverted to any purpose except those connected with
terminals?    Ans.���No.
From this information, which must surely be correct, it appears that the
amount In dollars of terminal bonds sold was $8,614,000.00.
The net amount received from the sale was $7,954,814.43.
Of this amount there had been expended to March 27th, 1916, $2,411,477.68.
Of this amount there had been expended since 31 st March, 1916, $176,145.-
13.
On March 27th. 1916, there remained to the credit of this account with
respect to the bonds, $5,543,336.75.
The assumption in some quarters has been that the C. X. R., being in
desperate straits, may have used these terminal funds to meet other obligations in the meantime. If, however, the funds have not been diverted, and if
the $5,543,336.75 is still on deposit in the Canadian Bank of Commerce, why
is the railway company unable to pay this terminal charge ol" $73,000 out of
terminal account? The question is an important on.e to which an immediate
reply should be forthcoming from Sir Donald Mann while he is in the City.
It has been intimated to the City during the past few days that the money
is ready to pay over as soon as some minor technicalities have been overcome.
It is stated also that the matter of letting the contract for the new C. N. R.
depot will receive the attention of the railway head while he is in the City.
British Columbia Bond Offering
Messrs. McNeill and Young, investment brokers, of Toronto, are
offering for sale $2,000,000 ten year
4 1-2 per cent. Gold Bonds of the
Province of British Columbia. The
bonds are dated July 1st, 1916, and
mature July 1st, 19126, and arc offered at 93 1-2 and accrued interest,
yielding practically 5.35 per cent. This
is part of the issue of $10,000,000 authorized at the recent session of the
Legislature.
+   *   it
Banks Give Further War Credit
The Canadian Bankers' Association
has arranged for a further credit of
$25,000,000 for the Imperial Government for the financing of war orders
in Canada. This will make a total of
One  hundred  millions advanced.
The last payments of the $75,000,-
000 advanced by the Canadian Bankers' Association towards the financing
of shell orders in Canada have been
made this month, according to an Ot
tawa dispatch. The arrangements
which have made possible tbe placing
of millions of dollars worth of further
shell orders in the Dominion will be
continued. There is no reason to
expect other than that the shell business, today Canada's largest industry,
will be kept going in this country as
long as the war lasts. The $75,000,-
000 credit was arranged last winter
by Sir Thomas White. All the Canadian banks bore their share of the
loan, and the considerable orders received since then, which have helped
to keep many industries going, have
been a consequence of such action.
* + *
The Australian government has
purchased 15 large steamers to move
the  Australian  harvest.
* * *
Canadian trade lor April  reached a
total of $106,585,334. compared witli
$65,221,031 i,,r thc corresponding per
iod of the last fiscal year.
%
,v*o*|^^
Driving Away Capital
When it was proposed that the Saskatchewan legislature should enact a
law abolishing the mortgagee's remedy against the covenanter under a
mortgage and limiting the mortgagee's remedy to a sale of the land,
there was strong criticism of the proposal and, very properly, the project
"as abandoned. At tin- recent session of the Alberta legislature the
government slipped through an amendment to the land titles act in the
closing days of the session without
publicity or discussion. This amendment is in effect the destruction of
the mortgagee's rights under the covenants on a mortgage. The act declares that recourse must be had to
the security before proceedings can
be instituted on the covenant. That
to say, the real property must be
exhausted and suit brought for the deficiency, if any.
This legislation is tantamount to a
breach of faith on the part of the province with those who advanced money
on the strength of the value of the
personal covenant. It amounts practically to a repudiation of obligations.
Under the best of conditions it is difficult for lenders to realize on such
real estate security as, for example,
a church. The lender relies on the
guarantors or bondsmen. In Alberta,
however, the practice in mortgage
sale procedure has the effect of indefinitely postponing any possible remedy under the covenants. Courts
have authority to stay mortgage sale
actions at their discretion. Officials
fix reserve bids according to their own
notion of the value of the security
proposed to be offered for sale. Frequently the upset price is prohibitive
and application must be made for a
new sale and a new reserve bid, and
so on until the property is realized.
Cases are not unknown where farm
property has been offered for sale
three different times spread over a
couple of years, during which time
all possible buyers have disappeared.
The legislation and the policy of the
courts and officials in Alberta have
steadily been directed to the prevention of mortgage sales. Several times
we believe, judges of the courts have
delivered speeches on the greed of
mortgage loan companies and the folly of permitting their "weekly" auction sales.
There is a feeling amongst money
lenders that they will have to test the
validity of legislation of this kind in
the courts, lu some of the provinces,
noticeably Alberta and British Columbia, conditions are steadily growing
worse. The legislation of Alberta recently enacted for the purpose of protecting soldiers against their credi-^
tors seems to be sufficiently wide in
its language to relieve a member of
the militia or a volunteer, who offers
himself for enlistment and is rejected
(on health or other grounds') from
law suits or sale proceedings.
While the security of loaning companies is taken away from them by
the imposition of prior liens representing seed grain, destruction ol" noxious weeds, hospital bills and other
charges., and while they are forbidden
to take sale proceedings, deprived of
remedies on covenants and forced to
carry the accounts of volunteers, the
���-���nents of the different western
provinces, finding reluctance for those
reasons, on the part of lenders to advance money freely, announce their
intention of going into the loaning
business in competition with the com-
panies. It is understood that the
governments' proposals contemplate
that government loans shall nol bc
subject to these disabilities, li has
been definitely proposed thai government mortgages be registered in the
land titles office without charge snd
that the duly of passing up..n the ti-
tle should be cast upon thc registrar
so as to avoid legal fees, British Columbia is the only province which has
commenced lending. The govern
ments of the three prairie provinces,
however, have the subject under con
sideration at the present  time.
Capital is closely watching the
trend of Western legislation nnd in
some cases has already decided to
cease investment there until fairer
counsel   prevails.���Monetary   Times.
 gi  ��rB��  n~	
"VIVE LA  FRANCE!"
of that continent, in the critical moment of Britain's need, when s|IC was
more beset by enemies than she is
now. For then the) were masters
of tlie situation, ami of their destiny.
Like the followers of Botha, they
wree guided in tlieir loyalty to their
new allegiance by an intelligent and
enlightened self-interest. Had they
not 1,,-,-n ���, guided then the stars and
stripes would |)(- floating today from
the Gulf of Mexico !������ the Arctic circle.
Wc owe the French - Canadians
much, said Mr. Downie They obtained for Canada the free government
we enjoy today. They were���Canada
���almost or altogether���at the most
critical periods iu British colonial history. They are the children of the
soil, attached to it firmly. The present has its roots deep in the past.
These people have romantic traditions, old customs, laws, language,
strong family affections, traits and
characteristics indeed worth preserving, and they would rise like a nation
in arms to defend tlieir soil.
Only one nation in the world hated
France, of other nations if was said:
A man has his own country ��� and
France. Great nations are not merely geographical divisions. It "is with
countries as with individuals, they
have character, they have souls.
France had shown what she was in
peace with her art, her literature, her
culture, her bonhomie���and now at
Verdun she was showing what she
was in war. Let us cultivate and encourage the French language, let us
do all that we could to show appreciation of our Allies, for to properly
know France, we must know her language, and knowing the French as
they are, we would desire to make
them friends, to grapple to our souls
with  chains of steel.
An interesting discussion followed.
Mr.. J. Francis Bursill presided. Mr.
J. D. Tripp arranged a musical programme. Several visitors, including
Mr. John Kyle, of the Department of
Education.  Victoria,  were present.
VICTORIA OBSERVATORY
Monthly  Weather  Report  for
June  1916
VICTORIA. ��� Total amount of
bright sunshine, 226 hours and 06 minutes; rain .52 inch 41 below average;
mean temperature, 56, highest temperature, 81 on 16th. lowest 44 on
6th; lowest on grass, 34 on 11th, highest in sun. 139 on 16tli and 3<>th; total
recorded, wind mileage. 8043, highest
hourly wind velocity. 39 W. on 8th.
VAXCOUVEU.���Total amount of
bright sunshine, 223 hours; rain, 1.30
inch; mean temperature, 60; highest
temperature, 83,  lowest. 44.
NANAIMO. ��� Total amount of
bright sunshine. 224 hours and 06 minutes; rain, .7.8 inch; highest temperature, 85 on 16th: lowest, 42 on 1st and
2nd.
KAMLOOPS. ��� Total amount of
bright sunshine, 243 hours and 36 minutes; rain, 2.80 inches; mean temperature. ti4; highest temperature, 95; lowest. 36.
BARKERVILLE.���Rain,. 2.80 inches; mean temperature. 50; highest
temperature. "5:  lowest. 24.
PRINCE RUPERT.���Rain, 5.50 inches, mean temperature, ^2: highest
temperature, 72 on 25th;
..ii  10th.
PBNTICT' >N. ��� Rain
highest temperature 88 or
est. 37   ni 6t6h.
lowest,  37
.68
"h.
inch
iI.av
2.13 inches; high-
on 17th; lowest 35
ip
I, 4.SJ  ii
on  17th
dies;
low-
\ I- LSON.���Rail
lest temperature *"
ion 6t(ih.
CRANBRi n IK.-
highesi temperature
est, 37 on 29th.
PRINCE GE< IRGE.
inch; highest temperatur
I lowest. 25 on  1st.
ATLIN. ��� Rain, .10 inch; ntean
temperature, 50; highest temperature,
84 on 28th; lowest, 28 on 8th and 9th.
DAWSON.���Rain, 1
temperature, 64; highe
88 on 22nd and 25th:
8th.
- ��*
3��WHJ����RW^$:
WOMEN BARBERS<
Because thv men barbers of !���'
iu thv hospitals have found it ���!���-������
Thin photoffrapll kIioivh two at work  ou n wounded
i in bed,
KOW
I'OIMI. AC!
IN FRANC
���*
atlCC
ire  in  tlic
trencheti <ho
M"
s.siirj
to lenrn t.
��w to shave
th
men  uttrNi-s
ir  Ililtit'lltN.
oldler iin lie is profiled up
'Vagabonds   Hear   Warm   Eulogy   of
France���and the  French  Language
At ihe usual fortnightly meeting of
the "Vancouver Vagabonds Club,"
held at llie University Club, Mr. Donald Downie gave a most illuminating
paper���the title oi which "Bi-lingual-
isiii," by no means indicated ils scope
or interest. The paper was in fact an
affectionate defence  of  French Cana-
i da ami her language, and it was 1
ed   with   such   poetry,   romance     and
���grace as such a subject would inspire.
To ihe Norman race, the pioneers of
the Xew World, said the speaker, we
owe at least two small debts of gratitude, the planting of Canada, and the
old and superior civilization of Xorth
America, the other debt is the retention  for us of  our  flag,  of this  half
Rain.   1.29
86 on 17th;
20  inch;  mean
���t temperature,
lowest.   32  on
After attending a minstrel show one
evening. Mi*. Topping thought he'd
try some of the jokes on bis wife at
breakfast  next  morning.
"My dear." he began, with a grin,
"can you spell money with four letters:*"
"I   cannot."  replied,  the lady coldly.
"All, tliat's good!" laughed hubby;
"A  woman  never can  see a  catch as
icklv as a man can.   Well, tbe way
qtiu
to spell it i
spell money:
Mrs. T. fai
'" I started  on   a:
"Wait a mi
got one. S
letters."
Of course,
"Ah,"   law
c-a-s-n.
.mile
good! A
so quickl*
suppose y
Topping?'
m
other
:iue."
bed   t
n neve
Doesn't   that
o Topping
wife. "I've
with   five
.lldnt.
lada
ti
nt try i-o-i-o-t.
its
e a catch
0, Well.
Isn't that
N
jfeg
m*
MMMMMH
satilito FOUR
THE  STANDARD
H
I
Socw/ ant/ Personal Doings
%   of the Week
Vancouver Personals
*3
St. Mark's, Kitsilano. its interior ei-
ftctivel)   massed  with  quantities    of
floral  bloom,  beautifully arranged  hy
the members of the Chancel Guild, as
a   tribute  to  the  bride,  held  a  large
assemblage on June 26, on the occasion   of  the   marriage  of  Miss   Libbie
Cleo Hall, eldest daughter of .Mr. and
Mrs. .1. /.. Hall of "Killarney," Point
('���rev, with Mr. Gunnar W. Tornroos,
C.I'., of Vancouver.    Although no invitations   had   been  'issued   for   the
ceremony,  there  was    a     very  large
turn-out of well-wishers and interested  friends  of  the   bride  and  groom,
who   arc -most   popular  members   of
society.    Thc marriage  rite was  solemnized  by  Rev.  Principal  Vance  of
Latimer   Hall,   the   ceremony   taking
place at 8.30 p.m,   Mr. Hall gave away
his daughter, who with a smartly-cut
costume of pearl white  taffeta,  wore
a most becoming French model hat
and carried a shower bouquet of white
roses.    There  were   two   attendants,
the younger sisters of the bride, Miss
Jessie   Hall,   thc   bridesmaid,     being
frocked  in  pale  rose  petal  pink  taffetas   prettily   allied   with   Georgette
crepe of the same hue, while tiny roses formed a trimming for her pink hat
which had a suivez-moi streamer of
ribbon.     Pink   roses   composed   tlie
bouquet   which   she     carried.       The
younger, a flower maid, Miss "Winks"
Hall, in a picturesque Kate Greeua-
way frock and hat of white, held a
basket of flowers.   At the conclusion
of the ceremony,'the bridal party, as
they left the church, were showered
with rose petals by Master J. Z. Hall,
who was dressed in a man o' war suit.
Mr.   McTurk   was  best  man.      The
groom's gifts to the bride included a
diamond platinum set brooch, while he
presented   the    bridesmaid     with     a
brooch, and the hest man with a diamond and sapphire scarf pin.    There
was no subsequent reception at "Killarney," supper at which covers were
set fcr six, preceding the departure of
the bride and groom for Seattle, en
route to Mount Ranler, where a fortnight or so is being spent.   Upon their
return Mr. and Mrs. Tornroos are to
reside at 2047 Pendrell Street.
* * *
-Miss Jean Mollisou expects to leave
at the end of this week on a visit to
her sister in Calgary.
* * *
Mrs.   Edgar   Lee   left  last  week   t
spend a month on Bowcn Island.
* * *
Mrs. Julia llenshaw left last night
for Banff, Lake Louise and Calgary.
* * *
Mrs,   William   Murray   and   family
have left for Sechelt where they wi
spend  the  summer.
* * *
Mrs. J. C. Parish will leave town
today to pass the remainder of the
season at her country place, at Buccaneer Bay.
* * *
Mr. and .Mrs. John Hanbury arc
spending a few weeks visiting Island
points.
* * *
Miss Nell Scnkler, who, since September of last year has been attending thc Bishop Strachan School at
Toronto, returned to 1889 Haro Street
this week to spend the summer vacation.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. Sanford Evans and
their family of Winnipeg, are spending a few (lays at the coast.
* * * .
Dr. Osborne Morris of Vernon is
spending a few days in Vancouver.
* * *
Mrs. Mclvor Campbell has left for
Victoria, after a short visit here.
* * *
Miss   Violet   Mallory   has   left   for
Victoria to stay for several days.
* * *
Mrs. R. .Marpole entertained at luncheon yesterday at Jericho Club in
honor of Mrs. Maync D. Hamilton.
Covers were set for 14, the guests being Mrs. A. D. McRac, Mrs. Brignall,
Mrs. Shaw, Mrs-. C. M. Marpole, Mrs.
P G. Shallcross, Mrs. Douglas Armour, Mrs. McMtillen, Mrs. R. C.
Janion, Mrs. Boultbee, Mrs. Tur-
quand, Miss Phepoe and Miss Crof-
ton.
* * *
An engagement that will carry with
���it the best wishes of a very large circle is that just announced between
Miss Bina Taylor, eldest daughter of
Mr. S. S. Taylor, K.C., and Mrs. Taylor, and Mr. Charles Wilfrid Stoess,
only son of Mr. C. Stoess, C.E., T.L.S.
and Mrs Stoess of Vancouver.
* >K    *
The marriage of Miss Marjorie Bus-
combe to Capt. Max Reid is announced to take place on July 20.
Mrs.  A.   E.   Griffin   left  with   her
daughter  for  Rochester and  will be
absent for a few weeks.
+ * *
Miss Keiitish-Rankin entertained at
Thorley Park on Saturday afternoon
when a number of her pupils rendered a delightful programme.    Among
those invited were    Misses    Thelma
Manson,  Louise  Swartz,    Jean    and
Amy   Mutch,   Netta   Prince,   Amelia
de  Gcndron,    Florence    Richardson,
Christina  Lawson,  Violet  McMillen,
Mildred   McGillivray,   Hazel   Levinc,
Margaret   Simpson,   Dorothy   Allan,
Dorothy Cook, Fay Winslow, Master
Hugh Hodgins, Donavan Allen, Ronald Fenwick-Smith and David Walk-
SATURDAV, JULY
1916
The Special classes arc: (1) Twins;
(2) Babies attended at birth by a Victorian Order Xurse; (3) Soldiers'
babies; (4) Babies in contest last
year; (5) Babies raised on Standard
milk; (6; Triplets.
Prizes   will   be  giveb   for  the  best
Baby or Babies in each of the above
ten classes.    In addition, there will be
the   following   special   prizes:   Champion   Baby of contest,   champion   Boy
of contest, champion  Girl  of contest.
A   committee  of  ladies   will  bc   at
Mr. Sam Scott's store, opposite Hudson's   Bay.   ou   Granville   Street,   to
register   entries  of  children,   from  2
to   4   p.m,   each     Monday.   Tuesday,
Wednesday, Thursday ami Friday during June and July.
It is unnecessary to take  the child
when giving particulars  forventry.
M. T.  MacEachern.  M.D.,  Medical
Director.
Mrs.   W.   A.   Clark,   Convenor    of
"Better Babies" Contest.
Poetry of the Week
DOROTHY'S GRADUATION FROCK FOR *0
Yew, mother, Dorothy may look JUNt iin .nice lis thi* when ��he rVriiiliuite*"
from hitch tfchool In June, nnil It won't eOMt you more thnn 96 to mnke It. It Ih
nn extremely Mlmple froek. developed In white voile In which plnhend tuekN lire
fentiired for trimming. In the bodice drnwn work Im mImmvii outlining n bolero
effect.   A erUMhed girdle of roHe Niitin Iooun on thc left Hide nt the wnlNtllnc.
Break, break, break
On thy cold gray stones, O sea!
And   I   would  that  my  tongue  could
i        utter
The thoughts that arise in mc.
Oh well for the fisherman's boy ���
That he shouts with his sister at play!
Oh well for the sailor lad
That he sings in his boat on the bay!
And the stately ships go on
To their haven under tbe hill;
But  O  for  the  touch  of a  v'anish'd
hand,
And the sound of a voice that is still!
Break, break, break
At the foot of thy crags, O sea!
But the tender grace of a day that is
dead
Will never come back to inc.
���Alfred Tennyson.
* * *
Mrs. E. H. Saunders and her family
have left for Ocean Park, where they
will spend the summer months.
* * *
Miss Kate Munro and Miss Elizabeth Munro are spending the summer
at tlieir bungalow at Granthams Landing, Howe Sound.
* * *
The Rev. Owen Bulkeley has kindly
consented to officiate at the opening
ceremony. The reevc and councillors
are invited to be present and it is
hoped the public will come forward
and help make this a great success.
Victoria Personals
Bishop and Mrs. Newhnam of Saskatoon, who have been staying with
Miss Simmonds, 1893 Pendrill Street,
have left for Xanaimo.
* * *
A garden party will be held in aid of
St. Mary's Church, South Hill, South
Vancouver, to inaugurate the opening
of a medical and maternity hospital
at "Cedarhurst," 1298 51st Avenue and
Dumfries Street, on Saturday, July 8,
from 6 to 10 p m.
HOW DO YOU
BUY BREAD?
Do you ask for, and get, just a "loaf of bread," or do
you, like the wise, discriminating buyers, order
SMAX and
SUNLIGHT
"THE   BETTER   BREADS"
These are wholesome, nutritious���made in a modern, !
sanitary bakery���in every detail as good bread as
conscientious effort can make them.
Every loaf crisp, tender, delicious���done to a turn.
If your grocer cannot supply you, phone Fairmont
443 and we'll get it to you prompt.
HAMPTON-PINCHIN
Bakers of Better Bread
Arrivals at Glenshiel Inn include
Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Mackenzie, Vancouver; Miss Ethel T. Stoneman and
Joy E. Stoneman, Perth, W. A.; Mrs.
M. Britton, Prince Albert, Sask.; Mrs.
Walter Ridout and Mrs. J. P. M. Sib-
bald, San Diego, Cal.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs.  Brown,  of Iimisfail,
Alta., are in the city visiting a number of their former neighbors of that
place.    Mr.  Brown    is    a prominent
farmer and rancher in thc Little Red
Deer district.    Mr. and  Mrs.  Brown,
who are delighted vyith  the beauties
of Victoria and  surrounding district,
will remain in the city for a week and
will then visit Seattle, Vancouver and
other cities on their way home.
* * *
A wedding of interest to many Victorians  look  place  in   Manila,  P,   I.,
on June 2, wdien Ethel   Pauline, only
daughter  of  Mrs.   15.   Cheescman,  of
Victoria, and  Mr.  Albert   Kee Wcls-
ford, formerly of this city, were united in wedlock by Rev.  II. S. Wright, I
Union   church.     Thc   bride,   who   arrived  al  Manil  on June 2 from  Victoria,  via Japan and  China,  was attended by Mrs. M. Hcdrick, of Manila,  while  the  groom   was   supported
by Mr. C. V. Leeck.    Afu-r the ceremony  a  dainty  lunch  was  served  al
the Elks Club.   Later the happy couple motored to Los Banos, where the
honeymoon was spent.    Mr. and Mrs.
Welsford  are  making  their  home  at
Limay.
* * *
Mrs. . B. Harrison,  wife of Gov.-
Gen. Harrison, of the Philippines, arrived on the Empress of Asia on Saturday with  her children.   Miss  E.  F.
Harrison  and  Master   Burton  Harrison,  eft  route  to  New  York   for  the
summer.     Mrs.   Harrison   and   party
are accompanied by Lieut. R. B. Sut-
^on, aide to Gov.-Gen. Harrison. Lieut.
Sutton is one of the  foremost aviation officers of the United States army.    He was chosen last fall to take
aeroplanes to Manilla and organise a
flying squadron there.    He will be remembered as tlic daring flyer who was
not expected to live after a 500-foot
fall during some flights in Oklahoma
last August.    Lieut.  Sutton  will  go
direct to Washington, D. C.
noon  when they left at 3.30 by thc
Prince  George    for  Prince    Rupert.
Thence  they  will  proceed  to  Belleville, Out., where Dr. Scott will enter
shortly into  his  duties  as pastor" of
Bridge  Street Methodist church, the
former incumbent of that charge, Rev.
H. S. Osborne, being due to arrive at
the  Metropolitan  church   quite  early
in August.   Scores of Dr. Scott's congregation here were down at tlie boat
this afternoon to bid him God-speed,
several of the other ministers of the
city also being at the wharf to see
him off.   Thc official farewell by the
church took place last Tuesday evening,   when   presentations   were   made
by the congreagation both to Dr. and
Mrs. Scott.    Yesterday, however, his
classmates at the  Metropolitan  Sunday school presented Douglas Scott.
their son, with a signet ring, accompanying  the  gift  with  an   expression
of  good  wishes  and  regret  that  he
was leaving them.   Dr. Scott has been
in the city for more than four years
as  pastor  of  the   Metropolitan,   and
very general  regret  is  felt  both  by
bis  own  congregation  and  the  community at large that his incumbency
here is at an end.
GREY ROCKS AND GREYER SEA
Grey rocks, and greyer sea,
And surf along the shore���
And in my heart a name
My lips shall speak no more.
Thc high and lonely hills
Endure the darkening year���
And in my heart endure
A memory and a tear.
Across the tide a sail
That tosses and is gone���
And in my heart the kiss
That longing dreams upon.
Grey rocks, and greyer sea,
And surf along the shore���
And in my heart the face
That I shall see no more.
���Charles G. D. Roberts.
say tllat any of the other speakers
tried to improve upon it. Nobody referred to Sir Charles as a "bonehead,"
a "guy" or a "gink," so we may presume that the worthy alderman was
regarded by the admiring audience as
being in a class by himself.
The Times as a  supporter of  Liberalism   opposes   the   policies   of   the
Conservative party anil in that respect
is in  opposition  t"  Sir  Charles  Tupper.    In this province, however, Bow-
serism and  real  Conservatism  are as
far apart as Bowserism and Liberalism.   The spectacle of Bowser or any
of his followc'rs attacking the loyalty
of Sir Charles Tupper to the Conservative cause is a  sight  for the &"ds.
Was   the   railway   policy,   with     the
grinding burdens it imposed upon the
people of this province in the interest
of Mackenzie and Mann, and the firm
of Foley, Welch and Stewart, in keeping   with   tbe   priciples  of  Conscria-
tism?    Did Captain Tatlow and Hon.
Pi  G.  Fulton  cease  to  become  true
party men because they resigned from
Mc Bride's  cabinet  rather  than  share
responsibility for the ruinous transaction   in   which   the   then   Premier,   a
mere child in business matters, became
involved  with   the  shrewdest  subsidy
manipulators  in   the   Dominion?       Is
true   Conservatism   in   politics   faithfully   represented   ill   the     fraudulent
overpayment   to   the   Pacific     Great
Eastern   of  $7,000,000   of   thc   public
funds?    Did   Mr.  Bowser  show  himself to be a worthy supporter of the
party with whose name he has labelled
himself when he acted as solicitor for
the company which received'that mo*
ncy,   the   finance   minister  who  paid
it and  the attorney-general  who  ignored the law he was sworn to uphold
in order that it might be paid?   Was
the  McBride-Bowser deal in connection  with  the  Agent-General's  office-
an  expression  of good  Tory policy?
Is there anything in the principles of
Conservatism which justifies the Dominion Trust conspiracy, with its trail
f ruin and death?
If Sir John A. Macdonald were
alive today whom would he support���
Bowser and his machine or Sir Charles Tupper and his demand for honesty and decency in the administration of the country's affairs? Can
anybody outside of a lunatic asylum
picture A. J. Balfour or Bonar Law
commending Bowserism as true Conservatism ?���Victoria Times.
THE  SOWER
Phone Highland 137
���* i^ ���	
TO INTERESTED PARENTS OF
VANCOUVER
Dr. C. T. Scott, former pastor of the
Metropolitan Methodist Church, Mrs".
Scott and their son Douglas were given a very fine  send-off this after
y '
The Local Council of Women, under the presidency of Mrs. S. D. Scott,
has decided lo hold a "Belter Babies"
contest during the week commencing
August I4ih. says the B. C. Consumers' Magazine.    Dr. M. T.  MacEach-
|ern,   superintendent  of  the     General
Hospital,   has   again   undertaken   the
medical   supervision   of   the   contest,
and has secured the hcarly co-operation ol" a staff of expert medical examiners, thus ensuring the  thoroughly scientific character of the contest.
The far-reaching results of the contests   held  during  recent years  must
convince  thinking  fathers  and  mothers of the unquestionable value of the
opportunity   of   securing   information
in regard to the Standard of Physical
perfection of tlieir children.    The reparation  of defects  pointed  out  now
may affect the whole life ol" the child
beneficially.
Very comfortable accommodation
for the contest has been secured in
the Woman's Building at the Exhibition grounds at Hastings Park.
There will be ten examing rooms,
each in charge of a physician and a
trained nurse, and a large drawing
room and rest rooms have been provided for the mothers and children.
Prizes will he given to those babies
securing the highest score in each
class, and the best ten in each class
are eligible for championship.
The recognized classes are: One to
six months, seven to 12 months, 13 to
24 months, 25 to 26 months.
A brown, sad-colored hillside,  where
the soil
Fresh from the frequent harrow, deep
and fine,
Lies  bare;   no  break  in  the   remote
sky-line,
Save where a flock of pigeons streams
aloft,
Startled from feed in some low-lying
croft,
Or far-off spires with yellow of sunset shine;
And here the Sower, unwittingly divine,
Exerts thc  silent forethought of  his
toil.
Grandview Hospital
1090 VICTORIA  DRIVE
VANCOUVER     -     B.C.
Medical : Surgical  : Maternity
Rates  from  $15.00  per  week
I   ��� -  !/
Classified Advertising
FLORISTS
BROWN BROS. & CO., LIMITED,
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, 48
Hastings St. E., and 782 Granville
Street. Vancouver,  B.  C.
WATCHMAKER
10,000 WATCHES and CLOCKS
wanted to clean and repair at the
factory, 438 RICHARDS STREET.
Alone he treads the glebe, his  measured stride
Dumb in the yielding soil; and though
small joy
Dwell  in  his  heavy face, as spreads
the blind
Pale grain  from  his  dispensing palm
aside,
This plodding churl grows great in his
employ;
Godlike, he makes provision for man
kind.
���Charles  G.  D.  Roberts.
"SORE-HEAD AND MEALY-
.    MOUTHED"
According to our morning contemporary,   Alderman   Dilworth,   one   of
thc speakers at the meeting of Ward
3 Conservatives yesterday evening, described Sir Charles Tupper as a "sorehead and mealy-mouthed." The report
does not say whether this elegant allusion  to a Tory of national distinction,  the  son  of  one    of    Canada's
greatest  statesmen  and a  prominent
minister in several Tory cabinets, in
eluding  the   cabinet  of  Sir  John   A.
Macdonald, was uproariously cheered
by the  followers  of "Billy  Bowser,"
but wc may assume that it evoked at
least the tribute of applause.   No true
Bowserite could permit such a sparkling epigram to pass without showing
some recognition of the delicate sentiment it expressed or the picturesque
imagery  of  the   brilliant  rhetorician
who coined it.    Nor does the.report
$150 CASH
Through their representative
going to the War, the famous
Australian firm of Trewhellas
want to immediately quit 6
(SIX) of their world-renowned
Tree and Stump Grubbers
THEY WILL   TAKE
$150   EACH   CASH
for the full equipment, which
was selling at $200 before the
big rise in materials. Otherwise���we are instructed to return them to Australia if NOT
SOLD WITHIN 60 DAYS.
THIS IS A VALUABLE
OPPORTUNITY for anyone
wanting the world's best clearing machinery.
Send CASH $150 and Order
Now to
The Campbell
Storage Co., Ltd.
857 BEATTY STREET
VANCOUVER, B. C. SATURDAY, JULY 8, 1916
THE   STANDARD
FIVE
A.
vsmiteiw
Save the Kilt, says Sandy; shorten it
if they will
Weel freens, I wunner if yae noticed that bit in the papers the ithcr
nicht whatir an official intimashun
frae the War Office at Ottawa declared that in future nac mare regiments tae be recruited wud be allowed to wear the kilt
I'm quite prepared tae see them
.prohibitin' almost onything in ihis
country.    Ice  cream  cones  an'  ither
roads like the Graund Trunk Pacific
an' the Canady Northern, three-quarters o' each line meanderin' (as Felix
Pcnnc wud say) through unproductive
wilderness, raither than build the line
thcmsels, lent each o' the companys
aboot a couple o' hunder millyin each
���an' baith o' the railways are stoney
broke at that. On the ground o' economy the government had tae pey the
interest on their bonds this year, an'
it's gaun tae be wan o' the marvels o'
jdevil's mixture like that has been put | .Political ecehomy in''.'the  near  future
limner  the  ban  on   the  Sawbath;   thei'"'"   tl,c  government  '11    ever    mak
'next move 'II be the prohibeeshon o'
smokin' on  Sunday, an'  I  bear  some
fi' the mare religiously inclined want
the   cooncil   tae   introduce   a   bill   tae
prevent   roosters   crawin'  durin'   kirk
hoors.    I  dinnie  ken  hoo  the  lassies
get awa wi' they wee bit short skirties
they're   wearin'   the   noo���but   maybe
the "unco guid" hae a reason for that.
Hooever,' tae come back tae the
subject. Wan o' the reasons advanced
by the War Office for the chenge wis
that thc kilt wisnie fitted for trench
warfare, as it exposed the wearers'
legs tae the caller air. Then, as if tae
add insult tae injury, it finally staled
that another reason wis the ground o'
expense. The kilt cost a wee bitty
marc siller tae mak than a pair o'
khaki brecks.
Noo, what dae yae think o' that,
freens I I wunner what son-o'-a-gun
wis responsible for this high explosive. Sharely it couldnie be Sir Sham
���economy disnie enter Sammy's nugget when it's the Common people's
money that's bein' spent, at least I
wudnie think so efter readin' a wee
bitty o' hoo his "soul-o'-lionor" freen,
Colonel Allison, an' a few mare super-
patriots, had ran awa wi' twa or
three millyin dollars atween them.
It wis faur frae my intention o' even
referrin' tae His Eminence Sir Sam
again. Since that Kitchener episode,
1 hae lost a' respeck for him. In fact,
bad an' a' as wee Billy Bowser is. I
believe if it came tae a pint where I
had tae mak a choice, I wud suner
attend Wnllie's funeral than Sir Sam's.
Hooever, that's neither here nor
there. I wis intendin' gien Wullie a
bit blawin' up this week���but he can
keep. In another month or sae. the
Wee Fellie '11 be wiumerin' if it wis
a trench mortar that has struck him
in the back o' the neck, so for thc
meanwhile, we'll pit Wullie awa bye
on the shelf an' address oorsels tae
this great economic kilt bizness.
Shades o' Theodore Napier I Abolish the kilt! Again, I wunner what
"gink" (they tell me that's Canadian
for gowk I it was that struck on" this
new line o' political economy,
Shades o' Harry Lauder! " \n'
that's the reason why I wear a kilt."
Naw, freens, even the fact o' some
Canadian papers announcin' the Battle o' Jutland as a great naval victory
for the "English" navy wisnie hauf
sae bad an insult as tae propose tae
abolish the ancient heilant kilt on thc
grounds o' cauld legs an' "ekononiy!"
Yae didnie ken we were sic greal
ekonomists oot here, freens. Weel,
dinnie read the papers very muck
le or vac wiui sune fin' oot that the
Canadian government is the greatest
ekonomist in the world. There wis
an M.P., I think, had a scheme for
startin' a pea-nut shell factory last
year. lie deplored, he said, the waste
an' extravagance shown iu the throw-
in' awa o' the shells o' tlie peanut. His
scheme wis tae establish a system o'
national collection, build a peanut elevator an' a factory whaur they could
be crushed up tae mak stuffin' for
sausages, bluidy puddin's an' ither like
mysteries. Hooever, the cabinet decided that it wud be wise tae leave
the questyin owre till efter the war.
an' this great Canadian statesman's
valuable piece o' national conserva-
shun wis put up on the shelf.
Then again tae illustrate sonic mare
government economy. Thc Dominion
government, raither than risk onything in buildin' two "national" rail-
enough money on them tae keep up
thc peyment o' interest. The railway
j fever has subsided a bit in Canady
noo, an' when they come tae rebuild
in Europe efter the war, the Canadian
government '11 maybe be able tae sell
some railway lines���the whole shoot-
in' match���on the ground o' economy.
Then, tae come richt hame tae Hilly
Bowser's country. Look at that Napoleonic stroke o' economy the Wee
Fellie put over when he bundled off
Dicky Mac tae dear ol' Luiinon town
al $30,000 per an' ex's, while he pensioned off auld man Turner an' auld
man Turner's son, an' peyed his private debts! Then again, in order tae
save that holy trinity, Foley, Welch
and Stewart, frae gaun up the spout,
Billy, in a fit o' ekonomy, hattnded
them anither six millyin dollars���an'
nae questyins asked.
We're the greatest "economy" nation in the world���we Canadians are.
It's for tllat same reason we're adop-
tin' Wnllie's prohibeeshon bill in order tae economise on the gless that
they use for bottlin' it. The price o'
gless is gaun up an' the weemen folk
'11 no' be able tae get enough bottles
tae pit up their preserves in���even
should they be. able tae buy a bag c'
Rogers' sugar.
But tae economise on the kilt. Weel,
weel. It's a wunner they didnie think
o' some ither method than abolishin'
it���the finest recruitiu' officer we
hae!
Noo that the lassies arc set tin' thc
faushon in their wee bit short skirties.
an' thc folk back in Gotham sayin'
that they're gaun tae be shorter yet
(oh, let it be soon), what ails tlu War
Office folk no' fa'in' intae line sn'
takin' anither inch or twa off tlic
length o' the kilt. A wee bitty less
wud never bc missed, an' we can pit
up wi' lots o' things if it's for the
sake o economy.
Hooever, freens, I see frae the
uicht's papers that thc order has been
countermanded. The dispatch announces that it has been found oot
that the kilties had fewer sick men
than thc breek regiments, an' that
the kilt wis cheaper "because it lasted
as long as fowcr pair o' brecks."
They were gaun tae tak it awa for
economy, noo they're gaun tae stick
tae  it on the same grounds.
But what darned fulc ever thocht
o' abolishin' the kilt, whatefer?
Vac cannie tak the brecks of a
lleilantman.
Yours through the heather,
SANDY MACPHERSON.
Are We Guilty of
Municipal
Extravagance ?
Some  Interesting  Comparisons
Statistics have little fascination for
the ordinary "man in the Street."
There have been few chancellors of
iln- exchequer who could make a Budget interesting, only men with the
genius of a Gladstone or Sir William
I Hall could make "fax and figgers" as
engrossing as a "movie" show.
lint statistics are illuminating���are
informing, if not interesting, and it is
just because the ordinary man takes
little interest in them lhal the grafter
and the incompetent are allowed to
go on at their own sweet will, while
the taxpayer is robbed* by those who
have "itching palms." and improver-
ished by Jacks in office who have no
fifess for the positions they occupy.
If you, reader, wanted a little job
done for you���a window put in, a
stove fixed, a piano moved ��� you
would "figure on it," and you would
know pretty well, when you got the
bill, whether you have been cheated���
by greed���or made to pay "through
the nose" by incompetence. But do
you know whether your servants���
who run the government of tbe province or the government of the city,
are making you pay too much? I
trow you know little or nothing about
it You pay���and growl���but you
pay!
Do you pay too much?
London is governed���and well governed. It is fl ain not talking of
Zeppelin raid times) as safe, as healthy, as orderly, as moral, as any city
of near its size in the world, though it
is not so sanctimonious as cities wdth
much more crime and immorality.
London is governed at a cost of $16
per capita per annum.
New York costs $.30.25 per capita.
Toronto costs $26.45 per capita. Ottawa. $28.38 per capita; and Edmonton, $38.25 per capita.
There are 56 American cities���and
they collect in taxes 70 per cent, more
from the citizens than 56 cities of
somewhat similar size in Great Britain.
What does municipal government
cost in Vancouver? I pause for a reply.
Now I do not want to make invid-
tfmmmm^^^^mmmmmmmmmm^
T.I/JSK/S& /HK/HJT&Xi,
Detachment of TurklNh  Infantry  Ih>Iiik withdrawn  from  the  front   In   Aala   Minor  ta  entrain  for    the  Western   front.
They are wearing ateel hemleta of German make.   The Ruaalan Nueeeaaea may cauae alteration in their plana.
ions comparisons, nut facts are facts.
The British cities have that efficiency
which makes for economy. Has Vancouver that efficiency? If the School
Trustees buy a parcel which you can
carry in your hand���easily���and pays
a dollar to cart that parcel a few
yards���that is not economy anil efficiency, and that is said to be a type of
what is done.
Education in London costs $5.30 per
capita;  in  Xew  York, $6.53.
What does it cost per head in Vancouver? Again I pause for a reply.
The Xew Yorker owes, municipally
speaking, three times as much as the
Londoner. What is the municipal |
debt of Vancouver? Xow I know, as
well as anyiiody, that labor, some labor, if you like most labor, costs more
here than in "tlie Old Country." Hut
I know also that for brains���for "grey
matter" used in the public service.
Great Britain pays a good price���but
it gets brains, with "grey mallei."
Here big salaries are sometimes paid
���not because the recipients are experts���but because they are politicians. And bear in mind, that in Old
Country cities vast sums are expended for municipal revenue-producing
objects.
What have we iu Vancouver to produce  municipal  revenue?
W'e spend thousands in burning material, "to get rid of it"���which might
give light, heat, comfort, cleanliness
to our homes, li "woeful want" does
not follow our "wilful waste"���it is
because nature has been bountiful to
US. Hut sooner or later we shall feel
the "pinch" wc deserve.
���"B."
STANDARD   PARAGRAPHS
Never   fool   with   a   fool:   he   may
fool you.
* * *
A   short   answer   frequently   helps
to start something.
* * *
i In   his  bending  knees  a  man  may
find baggy trousers.
* * *
Love  makes a fool of many a man
who   was  considered   wise.
* * *
When   a   fool   holds   bis   tongue   he
isn't as foolish as he might he.
*  * * ~���-~
Woman  di.dike a  womanly man as
much as nun dislike a manly woman.
A banker who a decade ago would
have been made, a doctor of laws, has
just been'given the new degree of
doctor of the science of commerce.
Something had to be done to, make
the doctorate ol" laws an honor, so
indiscriminate a process had its bestowal become in the United States.'
Tlie break in the direction of common
sense came a few years ago. when' it
was found that, for journalists, author's and the like there were degrees
far more appropriate than LL.D.
Xow, will] the multiplication of
schools of business, commerce add
transportation, in connection with the
leading universities, obviously something must be done rightly to tag tho
men wh" win honors in these fields.
Tlu farce of making either I'll. I), or
i.!.. li. suitably describe the attainment- of a bridge builder or a canal
excavator, whether on a small or a
large scale, is coming tn be seen.���
Christian  Science  Monitor.
11 is ii"t tin- height some men attain tliat makes them giddy���it is
looking down wiih contempt on the
crowd beneath Ihem.
A Budget of Bargains for Week End Shoppers
A BULLETIN OF BARGAINS
from the Hardware Section
LAWN MOWERS
'A BRIGHT FIGHT" WAS YPRES
Private   David   Rankin  writes   from
Hospital in England in Cheerful
Strain
In a letter to his brother, Mr. John
Rankin of THE STANDARD, Private
David Rankin, of the Seventh Battalion, wounded in the last battle of
Ypres, says:
"We did what we were told to do
and we got the ground we wanted.
When it came to the bayonet lighting
we were not long in clearing them
out. It was the brightest fight we
had."
Private Rankin has the muscles of
his arm shot away by a rifle grenade
and now lies in an hospital at Orpington.  Kent.
"I am very comfortable here." says
Private Rankin; "nice bed to sleep in
and the grub is good. The sisters are
very good to mc and kind, and thc
doctors handle mc like a little child.
"This is a new hospital the Canadians have built, and, believe me, it is
r. goo*! one."
with best Hlri-I blades���easy running and practically noiseless. At these prices they can't be
equalled anywhere.   Hund
U-lnrh   cut,   reg.   $11,110.   lor    ..$4.70
ld-lncll   cut,   reg.   jn.rni,   lin-    14.78
SHINGLE  STAIN
high jrruln quality in green, dark green, red
and brown,    i gallon ���Ise tins.
Regular 91.26 gallon,  for   75c
LOWE BROS.' PAINT
tor house, pon-h, or floor.    High-grade quality.
in three sizes, at  these prices:
Quart tins, regular 80c, for  *7e
1--J gal. tins, regular Sl.su.  ror   81.13
(ialion  tins, regular $8.60.  ror   *-��� -"���
MEAT SAFES
made of best seasoned wood ami wire,
Regular $X;>0,   for    $2.60
WINDOW SCREENS
Regular  30c  for    -.*�������
SCREEN  DOORS,  $1.15
Fittings, 16c extra.
CLOTHES LINE REELS
TAPESTRY CUSHION
COVERS
Regular price; 30c, special fur 19c
- ready to slip your filling in���made of good
quality figured tapestry with plain sateen buck
���make excellent knock-about cushions for the
camp or summer cottage.
A   great   bargain,   each    10c
RAG-RUGS IN A CLEARANCE
- -7*i ni' them, reversible, showing the popular
hit   and   miss   effect���no   such   value   has   h. en
Offered   this   season   as   Ihis.
Size   21   x    IS   special     590
Size   'to  x   fi:t,   specie I        SOc
Size .'it: x 7*J, special   $t.*2fl
WIRE   GRASS  PORCH   RUGS
Priced Low
- ,i seasonable bArgatn that Is bound ������ draw
brisk response, Made In two sizes, in plain or
herringbone  \* <;. * ������. al  these  prices.
Size ti x  9, plain weave   si.l.%
Size ti \ '���'. herringbone weave   94*96
SALE    OF    TAILORED    AND
READY-TO-WEAR    HATS
A   HOUSEDRESS   BARGAIN
at $1.28
���falcely made garments of good quality uinj;-
1mm. trimmed with foliar and cuffs of sell' or
white   repp.     Colors  of   pink,   blue   and   mauve,
All sizes, Spt
il
* 1.28
WOMEN'S VESTS, Special at 25c
- -nice Summer weight, or good quality cotton
lisle, with plain or fanny yoke. Value unequalled.     Special     20c
THERE'S EXTRA  VALUE  IN
these MIDDY WAISTS at $1.50
���correctly fashioned ������. good quality drill, with
white, navy or saxe collar; These waists are
i lo- style bo much In demand Just now, Com<
with laced front end sides, also in belted styles
with box-pleated front and saxe or navy collar.
:>o
A    BARGAIN    IN
WOMEN'S   WAISTS   at  98c.
���welt-made walal
mtifl in-, wiih in-lit
and hi m-atitched i r
lv
 i   ind
trimmed
and I-.uk
t
-I'
ii
������ideal  for kitchen use
lnr 50c,   fur   	
Easy iu hftng*.    Regu-
 :t��c
THESE ROYAL WORCESTER
CORSETS are great value at $1.75
���Pleasing styles picked here and there from
regular stocks. The collection Includes black
���iiui assorted shades���smartly trimmed, and in
styles suitable for misses and matrons. Actual
values to $3.98.
CAMP  STOVES,  each $2.25
50-INCH ART LINENS to sell at
HALF PRICE
���favorite fabrics for those who desire real sir-
vice, combined with artistic effect, in draperies,
slip-covers and upholstering furniture.
Our assortment includes elegant rich folinpre
effects, beautiful floral bird designs, the values
of which ran^e from $:>.00 to $3.00 per yard.
Special  at    gl.00  ���� JH.SO  yard     ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
FLORA VALE CREPE SCRIMS    OUTING HATS. 98c up to $1.98
Ot" regular 55c ValllO, Special for 39C       ���the latest creations for summer, to wear with
the sports suits, skirts and coats. Made of cotton, linen and crash, in plain and assorted colored stripes.    Very special  indeed.,.OSc to $1,08
���Millinery Section, Second Floor
A Friday bargain
.$1.98
T
���a curtain buying opportunity too pood to let
pass unheeded. It makes very handsome curtains and over-drapes, nnd wears splendidly,
its pretty horded effect makes it a favorite at
Yard     3Ac
���They are made of pood quality ooutif, with
medium high bust, long over the hip and back,
graduated clasp, non-rus table, and with embroidery trimming-. The most stylish and most
comfortable corset made. Sizes 20 to 36.
Very special value
flhrBudsonsBaaffompomj
iNCORPQBaree inyo
rtEMERTMWMIi-tGE STOWS C0MMIS5IWU"
91.75 SIX
THE STANDARD
SATURDAY, JULY 8, 1916
Saturday Half Holiday
THIS STORE WILL BE OPEN UNTIL 9.30 FRIDAY EVENING
Bc sure and do your shopping early as we must close sharp at 9.30 Friday
evening and 1 o'clock on Saturday.
Are You Going on Your Vacation?
If so see our stock of Outing Goods before making your purchase.
NEGLIGEE SHIRTS���With separate soft collar and soft double cuffs, up
from    ���'   $1.25
Sports Shirts, in plain and fancy stripes, at $1.25 and $1.50
White Duck Trousers, at, per pair    $1.50
White and Grey Flannel Trousers, up from $4.00
MEN'S BATHING SUITS���In cotton, 75c and $1.00; in wool from $1.75 up.
Some in blue and grey with red, white and gold trimming.
Ladies' Bathing Suits, in wool, with V neck and fancy border.
Men's Yacht Caps, in navy or white; also Outing Hats and Caps in great variety
MEN'S SUITS���There is nothing better  on   sale   than   our $15.00,   $18.00
$20,00 and $25.00 suits.
"20TH CENTURY BRAND" GARMENTS from $20.00 to $35.00 are high-
class hand-tailored garments.
Youths' Norfolks from $12.50 up.
Children's Department
BARGAINS IN WASH GOODS
Under the Spreading Chestnut Tree
"Fore!"
Just a moment too late  the golfer
I gave warning.
The   ball   hail   struck   the   shabby
I wayfarer   who   was   passing  by     tin*
golf-course, and rendered him iincon-
I scions for a few moments.
When  he   recovered   he   found   the
I culprit  bending anxiously over    him
and  apologising.     Moreover,   in     his
| soiled palm there nestled   much nio-
ey.
"Thankee,   sir I"  he  said   wheezily,
jas his gloating eyes lingered on   the
compensation.    "And when    will   ye
be playin' again, sir?"
Collection-money was to Tommy
one of the essentials of church-going.
Every Sunday morning he saw that
his penny was ready.
One day, just as the sidesmen began  to  take  the  collection,  Tommy
[noticed  that  a  guest  in  the   family
[pew was not duly provided.    Sliding
along the seat, he whispered:
"H here's your penny?"
"I didn't bring one.'' replied the
lady.
Time was short and the matter was
urgent. Hut Tommy was a quick-
witted kiddy. Thrusting his penny
into the lady's hand, he whispered:
"Here, take mine I It'll pay for
you, and I'll get under the seat!"
It is a .'.liiii banking rule that
cheques cannot be cashed for strangers. So when the calm-looking woman laid her cheque on the counter
the cashier smiled regretfully.
"I'm sorry, madam," he said, "but
I do not know you."
"Oh, I think you do!" replied the
lady cooly. "I'm the 'red-headed
virago' who lives next door to you,
whose ''scoundrelly little boys' are
always stealing your flowers. When
you started for town this morning
your wife called after you: 'Now,
Henry, if you want any dinner this
evening, you'll have to leave me some
money!    I  can't keep  house  on   sixpence a day, and���"
"Hire's ymir money, madam,'' said
the red-faced cashier, as he pushed
it across the counter.
Ile was one of those young men
who never seem to know when to
go home. She had tried yawning, but
even that failed to get rid of him.
Presently a clock outside in "tlic hall
began to strike in low, deep tones
the midnight hour. "Oh, I say, Miss
Green." said the late stayer brightly,
"is that an eight-day clock?" Miss
Green smiled coldly at him. "Well,"
she said, stifling another yawn, "why
don't you stay a little longer and find
out?"
While Jane, the new maid, was
taking her first lesson on arranging
the dining-table, some one in the basement kitchen put something upon the
dumb-waiter below. "What's that
noise?" asked Jane quickly. "Why,
that's the dumb-waiter," responded
the mistress. "Well," said Jane, "he's
scratchin' to git out."
BUSTER SUITS���For ages 2XA to 7
years; regular values $1.75 to $4.50.
Prices now from $1.45 to $2.25
GIRLS' NORFOLK and BALKAN
SUITS���In white, blue and stripes,
for girls 10 to 16 years; regular $5.50
and $6.00; now  $2.95
BALKAN BLOUSES ��� In good
quality drill, trimmed with pale blue;
for girls 12 to 16; regular value, $2.00;
now  $1.25
GIRLS SAILOR DRESSES���Three
only, in green and white stripe; 9 to
11 years; regular $3.50; now . . .$1.00
Clubb & Stewart, Limited
Phone Seymour 702
309 to 315 Hastings Street West
\m
Under the Spreading Chestnut Tree
Into a smart garage strolled a
wealthy but plainly-dressed farmer.
After some conversation, he began
inspecting motor cars.
"I'll take that one," he said at
length, indicating a luxurious vehicle,
worth eight hundred pounds.
The salesman beamed, and hurried
off to settle the deal.
"Now, show me how to drive," commanded the purchaser.
They started out, and spun merrily
away out into the country. All went
well until they overtook a cart in a
narrow lane. The salesman worked
the horn frantically, but the driver of
the cart heeded not.
"Look here," said the farmer quietly, "this is my car, ain't it?"
"Yes, sir," said the salesman.
"And I've paid for it?"
"Yes."
"Then drive right into that blockhead's cart!" ordered the farmer.
"That's the way motorists always
treat me!"
SUPERIOR
PRINTING
^ You have read the articles by
"Criticus" in these columns.
^ You have followed the paper
for the past month or so.
^  Well, our job printing department is on a par with the paper.
Here Are the Standard-Bearers for 1916
COMPLETE LIST OF CANDIDATES THUS FAR NOMINATED FOR PROVINCIAL ELECTION
Below will be found THE STANDARD'S tabulated list of all the constituencies which have nominated
their candidate for the coming provincial parliamentary elections, along with the names of the gentlemen who
are to represent their different parties.
Constituency
Alberni   ..
Atlin  	
Cariboo   ..
Chilliwack
Cowichan
Columbia .
Comox ...
Cranbrook   	
Delta   	
Dewdney  	
Esquimalt   	
Fort George 	
Fernie   	
Greenwood  	
Grand Forks   	
Islands  	
Kamloops   	
Kaslo   	
Lillooet   	
Nelson   	
Nanaimo   	
North  Okanagan   .
iSouth Okanagan ..
Newcastle    	
New Westminster
Omineca   	
Revelstoke   	
Rossland   	
Richmond   	
Saanich   	
Similkameen   	
Skeena  	
Slocan   	
North ancouver  ..
South Vancouver  .
Trail  	
Vancouver   	
Liberal
H. C. Brewster
Frank Mobley
J.  Yorston
E. D.  Barrow
K. Duncan
John Btickam
Hugh Stewart
Dr. J. H. King
A. D. Patterson
John   Oliver
G. A. Gaskell
A. 1. Fisher
Dr. J. D. McLean
J.  E. Thompson
M. 11. Jackson
F, VV. Anderson
John  Keen
J. B. Bryson
A; M. Johnson
Wm.  Sloan
Dr.  K.  McDonald
Leslie   V., Rogers
Victoria
Yale
David  Whiteside
A. M. Manson
Dr. Sutherland
W. D. Willson
G. G. McGeer
F. A. Pauline
R. S. Conkling
T. D. Pattulo
Chas.  F.  Nelson
Mayor Hanes
J. W. Weart
Michael  Sullivan
Ralph Smith
M.  A.   Macdonald
P.   Donnelly
Dr. Mcintosh
J. S. Cowper
J. W. deB. Farris
H, C Brewster
John Hart
George Bell
H. C. Hall
Joseph Walters
Conservative
Socialist, Lab. or Independent
J.   G.  C.   Wood
H. X. McDonald
J. A. Fraser
W. D. Macken
W. H.  Hayward
Dr. Taylor
M.  Manson
T. D. Caven
F. J. Mackenzie
W. J.  Manson
R. H. Pooley
W. R. Ross
J. R .Jackson
E.  Miller
W.  W.  Foster
J.  P.  Shaw
.Veil Mackay
Archie   McDonald
W. R. Maclean
A. E. Planta
Price Ellison
Mayor Jones
Dr. Dier
F. M. Dockrill
Hon. T. Taylor
L. A.  Campbell
W. J. Baird
D. M. Eberts
L. W. Shatford ���
Wm. Manson
W. Hunter
G. Ii. Morden
Rev. Boulton
Jas. A. Schofield
W. J. Bowser
C. E. Tisdall
A. J. Welsh
Walter Leek
A. H. Macgowan
Thos, Duke
Alex. Lucas
H. W. Maynard
J. A. Macdonald (Soc.)
John Mclnnes (Soc.)
T. P. O'Connor (Soc.)
jack' Place (Soc.)
Parker Williams (Soc.)   -
E. T. Kiugsley (Soc.)
W. Bennett (Soc.)
Ernest Bums (Soc.)
J.  Harrington  (Soc.)
J.   Sidaway  (Soc.)
C.   Lestor  (Soc.)
W. A. Pritchard (Soc.)
J. Kavanagh (Soc.)
W. W. Lefeaux (Soc.)
J. Ii. Hawthornthwaite (Soc.)
P. Williams (Soc."l
Dr. E. A. Hall (ind. Lib.)
Candidates for B. C. Legislature as in 1907
The following table of candidates for the various constituencies is as complete as can he arranged up to
date. In a few ridings changes may be necessary owing to the appearance of independent or labor candidates
in the field or refusals to accept nominations.   (From the WORLD of January 12, 190/1.
Constituency���Retiring .Member
PRINTING DEPARTMENT
PHONE SEYMOUR 470 FOR PRICES
ON ANY JOB PRINTING ARISING IN
 ��� YOUR   OFFICE 	
Atlin���Dr. Young (Con.) 	
Alberni���Wm.  Manson  (Con.)   ....
Cariboo���J.  Murphy  (Lib.)   	
2nd Seat���H. Jones I Lib.)   	
Chilliwack���C. Munro (Lib.)  	
Columbia���W. C. Wells (Lib.)  ....
Comox���R.   Grant   (Con.)   	
Cowichan���J. N. Evans (Lib.)	
Cranbrook���Dr. King (Lib.)   	
Delta���John Oliver (Lib.:   	
Dewdney���R. McBride (Con.) 	
Esquimalt���C. E. Pooley (Con.)  ..
Fernie���W. R. Ross (Con.) 	
Grand Forks���Geo. F'raser (Con.)
Greenwood���J. R. Brown  (Lib.)   ..
Islands���T. W.  I'aterson  (Lib.)   ..
Kamloops���F.J. Fulton (Con.) ....
Kaslo���R. F. Green (Con.) 	
Lillooet���A. McDonald (Con.)  ....
Nanaimo���I.  IL   Hawthornthwaite
(Soc.)
Nelson���J.  Houston   (Con.)   	
Newcastle���P. Williams (Soc.) ....
New Westminster���T. Gifford (Con.)
Okanagan���P.   Kllison   (Con.)   	
Revelstoke���T.  Taylor  (Con.)   	
Richmond���Carter-Cot ton (Con).
Rossland���J. A. Macdonald (Lib.)   ..
Saanich���If. Tanner (Lib.)  	
Similkameen���L. W. Shatford (Con.)
Skeeria���C. \V. D. Gifford (Con.) ....
Slocan���Wm.  Davidson   (Lab.  Soc.)
Vancouver, 1���R. G. Tatlow (Coil.) ..
C.   Wilson   (Con.)   	
3���J. F. Garden (Con.) ..
4���. J. Ilowser (Con.)   ...
5���A.H.B.Macgowail   (C.)
Victoria, 1���R. L. Drurv (Lib.) 	
2���W. G. Cameron (Lib.)  ..
3~J. D. McNivcn (Lib.)   ..
4���R.   Hall   (Lib.)   	
Yale���Stuart Henderson (Lib.)  	
Ymir���-H. Wright (Con.) 	
Liberal
Capt. John  Irving
II. Brewster
II. Jones
J. Yorston
C. W.  Munro
VV. C. Wells
��� Bennett
J. N. Evans
Dr. King
John Oliver
Robert Jardine
John Jardine
W.  M. Dicken
E. Naden
T. W. I'aterson
?. D. Swan son
John Keen
M. Eggleson
H. Fulton
Dr. G. A. B. Hall
-F.'w.'ilowav
Dr. Macdonald
Robert Caylev
J. W. Weart
J. A.  Macdonald
John   Piercy
Smith  Curtis
Dr, Kergon
A. II. Dockstoadcr
R. P. McLennan
J. W. dell.  Farris
Judge Henderson
I'. I'1. Neelands
W. W. P,. Mclnnes
R. L. Drtiry
W. G. Cameron
J. D.  McNiven
R. Hall
Stuart   Henderson
J. 1* red Hume
Conservatives
Dr. Young
Win. Manson
Charles Wilson
Leon F. Champion
S. A. Cawlcy
H. G. Parsons
R. Grant
W. II. Hayward
J. A. Harvey
F.  B.  Mackenzie
R.   McBride
C. E. Pooley
W. R. Ross
Ernest Miller
E. G. Warren
A. E. McPhillips
F. J. Fulton
N. F. Mackay
Dr. R. S. O'Brien
J. A. Kirkpatrick
Socialist, Lab. or Independent
James   CartWright   (Soc.)
Dr. W. J. Curry (Soc.)
C. A. Mackinnun  (Tnd.)
T. E. Kelly'(Soc.)
W. H. Moore (Soc.)
John  Mclnnes (Soc.)
Edgar E. Dynes (Soc.)
W . J. Ledingham (Soc.)
T.  Gifford
Price Ellison
Thos. Taylor
F. I.. Carter Cotton
D.  M.  Eberts
L. W. Shatford
VV. R. Lord
Wm. Hunter
R. G. Tatlow
Dr. G. A. MaCuire
I.  I''. Garden
W. I. Bowser
A. li. II. Mcgowan
Meliride
W. Be lin sen
Davie
B. Thompson
A. Scinlin
J. II. Hawthornthwaite (Soc.)
II. Sheppard (Lab.)
Frank Phillips (Soc.)
Williams (Sl, Thomas (Lab.)
J. S.  Rainey (Lab.)
G. l.ogie (Soc.)
VV. VV. Lefeaux (Soc.)
Stuart Livingston I fml. Con )
Charles Kilby (Soc.)
A. 1-'. Barry (Sue.)
Geo. I-. Winkler (Soc.)
R. Sargeant
Wm; Davidson (Soc.)
1-'.. '!'. Kingsley iSm*.)
R, I'.  Pettipiece I Soc)
.1 II. M.-Vetv (Soc.)
J. II. Dubberly (Soc.)
V R. Stebbings i Sot.)
Harry Wright
John Houston (Ind;) SATURDAY. JULY X, 1916
THE STANDARD
SEVEN
Turii away fr m the li' trature of
grim war���for thc newspaper report!
are making historical literature in
these days���and scan will, me some
pare- "i the literature of peace. Here
before us lies the report of iln Vancouver Parks Board for the yean 1914
and 1915. Here is a record of the
victories of peace. While the llun*
have been battering to powder, at a
cost of hundreds millions, the beauty
spots of Europe, a body ui patient,
self-sacrificing men���the Parks Commissioners, an earnest zealous, but
small group of officials and workmen'
have been with toil, patience, skill-
and at small cost���been building up
:md preserving the beauty spots of
Vancouver.
The trees, the flowers,  the bathing
Phone Seymour 9086
SOMETHING
YOU NEED
for the safety of your valuables
and Documents.
A  Private  Box
in our Safety Vault.
$2.50 Per Annum
DOW FRASER
TRUST CO.
122 HASTINGS STREET W.
j beaches, the rockeries, all these thingn
| have given  health, joy,    deligh'.    t��
[thousands,  ami  at   a   est  of .-.   iew
hours, yes, a few hours of the blood
shed, the  Imrror,  the  misery  of  '.'ar!
To draw the contrast seems trite���
a   mere   platitude���but   look   al   these
iylvau scenes,  the  pictures of groups
"f happy children bathing in the '.un.
and   then   think   of   the   hell   of   war,
and   you   are   made   furiously   for   to
think.
The Commissioners have done well
to issue this splendidly illustrated re
port. Here are views of Stanley
Park, the big trees, the bathing beaches, thc little parks scattered in various parts of the city, the Siwash
Rock,  the  ever interesting "zoo."
This report is a "recruiting" pamphlet. We are fighting to put down
military autocracy, to maintain the
right of "the little nations" to live
in peace, cultivating their gardens,
tlieir orchards, their industries, without the grim shadow of war ever
lowering over the land. Here the
Parks Commissioners have given us
the story of a few thousand dollars
spent on labor which produces beauty,
health and joy. Think what the
billions "William the Murderer" has
spent on war���and caused to be spent
on war���would have done for open
spaces and playgrounds for the people.
This report is a testimony to the
solid "business as usual" grit of the
British people.
Mr. Endacott, one who has been a
Parks Commissioner, being of military age. has been fighting at the
front, and he bears honorable wounds,
the  token  of his  prowess.
Parks Commissioner VV. R. Owen,
Jonathan Rogers. A. E. Lees (Parks
Commissioner for 15 consecutive
years), G. VV. Hutchings, and D. M.
Stewart have "kept the flag flying"
at home. Cramped for funds, they
with Mr. W. S. Rawlings, Parks Sup-
"The Seven SIkoth," stjinlf j   I'lir-k. Vunrwuvrh
erintendent and other officials, have
met "war conditions" with strenuous
labor, patient thought, ingenious contrivance, and thc flowers have bloomed, the woods have rung with happy
children's song and laughter, and our
parks will be green with laurci, bay
and maple to crown "our boys" with
victorious wreaths when they come
home. At another time, this report of
wonderful work will be dealt with in
detail. Now I can only say that it
has sent mc looking round tlie parks
���ar 1 I am only astonished at the
modesty with which some really wonderful achievements are recorded.
Vancouver has good cause to be proud
of her parks���and the men who are
their guardians. They are heroes and
conquerors in tlie glorious works of
peace.
���"B."
Economy is all very well, but Sandy's love for a certain damsel overreached his  national  thriftiness.    ile
B.C. Prohibition Act
WILL IT RESTRIC T    n
THE USE OF LIQUOR ���
Read this "Wide Open" Clause of the Act.
Sec. 57, Par. 2: "Nothing in this Act shall be
construed to interfere
"(a) With the right of any person to
import from without the province
liquor for bona fide use in his private
dwelling-house."
Tin- Prohibition legislation of Washington and Oregon
allow liquor to be imported only under permits issued
by the county authorities, the amount on each permit
limited to 2 quarts of whiskey or 12 quarts of beer, and
'.niy one permit to any individual every 20 days ill Washington, and every 2K days in Oregon.
In both of these States. Prohibitionists are dissatisfied,
with the laws, saying that the provisions for importing
liquor arc too broad to make the Act of value.
,Mc . What would be the   situation   in
r _ British   Columbia   under   its  pro-
...i^.-.- - posed Prohibition Act, which pro-
__. vides   for   Unlimited   Orders   for
.    Liquor, sent as  frequently as  desired and with Absolutely No Gov-
i-; ernment Regulation?
Would such legislation be likely to restrict
the consumption of liquor in the slightest
degree?
With the above facts in mind, the reader is asked whether the regulated sale of liquor under government license
and control is not better than the unregulated importation
of liquor from  outside points.
As fair-minded men. the electors of British
Columbia are asked to carefully consider the
terms of the Prohibition Act.
wired to her. making a proposal of
marriage and asking for a reply.
The whole day he spent in going
to and from the post-office, anxiously awaiting her answer, which did not
arrive till late in the evening.
"There you are!"  said the operator
who handed him the message. "B(it
il" I were you I'd think twice before
marrying a girl who kept me waiting
so long for an answer."
"Naw, naw!" replied the Scot. "The
lass for me is the lass who waits fur
the nicht rates!"
"?--*��
BEFORE Mr. H. H. Stevens, M.P., fastened upon the
harbor development project now under discussion, he
was inclined to support an enterprise on the North Shore.
Before taking up the North Shore company, Mr. Stevens,
so far back as 1912, was the chief booster for the Vancouver
Harbor and Dock Extension Company, a concern capitalized at $38,000,000, which planned to do the very thing'
for the marsh lands of Lulu Island that the Vancouver
Harbor Commission plan for the shores of Burrard Inlet.
The Vancouver Harbor and Dock Extension Company
was probably the greatest wildcat ever launched since the
South Sea Bubble.
Into the company over half a million dollars worth of
the monies of the depositors of the Dominion Trust found
their way.
HOW VANCOUVER HARBOR MAY LOOK
It may fairly be assumed that the Vancouver Harbor
and Dock Extension Company was the concern which dealt
Dominion Trust its death blow.
Mr. H. H. Stevens, M.P., was canvassed by the promoters of the Vancouver Harbor and Dock concern and his
aid was enlisted. Mr. Stevens, in 1912, made a public speech
in Vancouver, in which the promoters of the extension company were referred to as men of great imagination, who
were about to render a vast service to mankind.
In fact, Mr. Stevens spoke of the promoters of the extension company in much the same terms as he now refers
to the members of the Vancouver Harbor Commission.
What has become known as "The Ghost City" of Lulu
Island was to have been rigged up with railways and other
arrangements very similar to those planned by the Vancouver Harbor Commission.
The above cut is of the scenery of the far end of Lulu
Island as it appeared to the eyes of Mr. Stevens and the gentlemen of the extension company. Stock in the extension
was peddled all over England and through the East. This
colossal promotion broke scores of investors. It was carried through with the endorsement and assistance of Mr.
Stevens, whose present plans for the overhauling of Vancouver Harbor are creating so much interest among the
business men of the city.
\
BMMIMtfWgri;- ~���\ t .YU~ **i"��-" -" EIGHT
Wkt ^taittarrfr
SATURDAY. JULV 8, 1916
Some Are Summer Suits
AND SOME ARE SUITABLE FOR
ALL THE YEAR
(>n the one point, however, of all-round goodness
and smart stvle, they're all alike.
DICK'S GOOD SUITS
$15 $18 $20 $25 $30 $35
And you can't get better quality for the price or
better satisfaction for your money than right in
these two "money-back" stores.
Get into one of these stylish suits and you'll shake
hands with yourself for your good judgment.
WM. DICK, Ltd.
TWO     STOHI'S
33   and   47-49   HASTINGS   EAST
"Tour money'* norlh or money back"
Massey-Harris Bicycles
For Rapid Delivery or Messenger Service, the "MASSEY" is a
general favorite.
Built to stand the hardest usage, very easy running.
MEN'S ROADSTER, $45.00. IMPERIAL, $30.00
W. H. MORRISON
108   HASTINGS   STREET   EAST
"CAR 29"
The Open Air Special
will hereafter operate on the following routes and schedules:
FOURTH AVENUE���Leave  Alma  Road 6.30 a.m.,  7.30 a.m.,  8.30
a.m.   Leave Main and Hastings���7 a.m., 8 a.m., 9 a.m.
ENGLISH BAY, via Robson���Leave  Main and  Hastings  12 noon
and every 40 minutes thereafter.    Leave English  Bay via  Davie
12.20 p.m. and every 40 minutes thereafter.
Passengers will note car leaves Main Street on the even hours
and 20 minutes to and 20 minutes after the odd hours; also leaves
English Bay on the odd hours and 20 minutes after the even hours.
Ordinary Fare Charged
Nothing extra need be paid by patrons in order to ride in this car.
Carrall & Hastings
1138 Granville near Davie
TRUHK
RAIL TICKETS TO ALL POINTS
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Lines
C. E. Jenncy, O. A, P. D.
Phone:  Sey. 8134
W. G. Connolly, C. P. F. A.
527 Granville Street
CANADIAN
PACIFIC
BACK   EAST
SUMMER
.   EXCURSION
FARES
Tickets on sale daily,
June 1 to September
30, 1916.
Return limit fliree
months, not to exceed
October 31.
For full
particulars apply
to any
C. P. R.
Agent
���
���
Bicycle Notes & Wanderings
���
���
���
Milk Co.
By  Rover
SAFE FOR BABIES
GERMS
IN YOUR MILK
MAY UPSET BAbY
I l;n e you ever stopped to
consider your milk ��� the mil!,
ymi serve tn the members oi
your household���the milk you
give baby? .Medical men anil
other authorities wlm study infantile diseases have frequently
stated that more sickness���and
more deaths���occur among infants unci children wh.o have
been given unclean milk than
the public could ever imagine.
And this is why cvery mother
should fully investigate the
daily milk supply.
Come out to Sou-Van Dairy
and see what extraordinary precautions we take to guard a-
gainst dirt, disease germs and
other impurities. With our excellent milk supply, and our
wonderfully equipped dairy, it is
impossible for us to send out
any but a clean, safe, rich,
wholesome milk���safe for all
domestic purposes���SAFE FOR
BABIES.
Ask  for a  trial bottle.
Phone Fair. 2624
South Vancouver
Scientific Dairymen
20TH AND FRASER
Who Invented the Bicycle?
This is a question that is often
asked. The invention of the bicycle
is shrouded in mystery. There is little doubt that it owes its origin to
the dandy horse, which was invented
iu the first decade of the last century
by a German nobleman, Haron von
Drais, and two machines of that type
are at present in thc museum at
Munich, in Bavaria. To the front
wheel of one cranks have been attached, but there is little doubt that
those were added at a later date,
somewhere about 1862, by one Carl
Kech. Previous to this year, however,
a Scotsman, one Kirkpatrick MacMillan, constructed what is believed
to bc the parent of thc modern bicycle, by adapting the dandy horse with
cranks and levers about 1840, tl*
movements of his stirrups, or pedals,
turning the cranks. Mr. Gavin Dal-
zell, cooper, of Lesmahagow, at a later date, made a ruder machine. Thanks
to the indefatigable exertion of Mr.
James Johnston, Glasgow, MacMil-
lan's claim to priority has been proved
beyond dispute. According to a report in a Glasgow newspaper, MacMillan, in June, 1842, was charged
at the police bar at Gorbals for riding
along the pavement to the obstruction
of the passage, and having thrown
down a child. It appeared he had
travelled from Old Cumnock, a distance of forty miles, in five hours.
Dalzell's machine is still carefully preserved, and was shown at the Crystal
Palace, London, in 1889. The frame
is entirely of wood, and its general
appearance is that of a very crude
form of the original "boneshaker," as
the early bicycles were generally
termed. N'o popularity, however, appears to have been achieved by thc
invention, :.*>i was it until a Frenchman, Pierre Lallement, produced a
machine with cranks fixed to the front
wheel of a dandy horse that the bicycle may be said to have been really
known. Lallement, who was a workman in the employ of Micheaux (a
maker of bath-chairs and three-wheel
velocipedes), brought out his machine
somewhere about the year 1858, so it
is highly probable that Carl Kech
made use of his invention with regard
to the Draisicnne machine. Lallement is undoubtedly entitled to the
credit of popularising the bicycle.
Some time elapsed, however, before it
became generally known, but as soon
as its possibilities- were realised its
progress was rapid. Invention followed invention until thc perfect bicycle of today was evolved. Long
previous to the introduction of the
bicycle, three-wheeled manumotivc
machines were by no means uncommon. Visitors to thc Crystal Palace
may remember a lot of wooden lever-
driven tricycles that were formerly
to be hired near lhe place on which
the world famous cycle track is now
built.
The first bicycle, the win els of
which were fitted with wire spokes,
was called the "Phantom," the steering of which, owing to the wheels being connected by means of a hinge
joint, was most difficult lo control
without practice. This machine was
soon dropped, but every year saw
snme fresh improvement. Firsl the
wheels nf the ��� bnne-shaker became
larger: then rubber lyres, formed by
I nailing a piece "f sheet rubber round
I the iron rim, were tried; wire spokes
[were substituted for those of wood,
until gradually from ihe rude, cum-
'broiis, uncomfortable bone-shaker, thc
graceful ordinary was evolved. I'p.
however, to the early "eighties," riders
were necessarily athletes, bul by the
introduction, firstly of the Kangaroo
or small geared-up ordinary, and later
by the Rover, which is the parent of
the bicycle of today, mounting anil
dismounting were made comparatively
easy, and a new class was drawn into
participation in the pastime. As long
ago as 1878 a safety chain-driven bicycle, practically on the same lines as
that in use today, was introduced and
shown, but it was never really placed
on the market, and it was left to Mr.
J. K. Starley to render the idea a
commercial success, and his Rover of
1885 may rightly be considered to
have set the fashion to the world.
At this time the firm of Starley and
Sutton in Coventry, decided to push
the Rover, and with this end in view,
promoted a one hundred miles' road
race for riders of their machine. The
race took place on the great North
Road on September 26, 1885, starting
from Norman's Cross, near Peter-
boro, and finishing at Twyford, in
Berkshire. Special prizes were offered for beating the then world's record at 50 and 100 miles, and great in
terest was taken in the event. All the
leading road racing men at that time
lhat COIlId obtain a Rover lined up at
the start. Stephen Colder, captain of
the Coventry Cyclists Club, a rider
who had scored on the path and road
in many contests, and who had mastered the mysteries of the new safety
along the Warwickshire lanes in company with the inventor, was the only
rider that started with what was at
that time considered an enormous
gear of 66 inches. He covered the
first thirty miles in one hour, thirty-
four seconds, and fifty miles in the
world's record time of three hours,
five minutes, thirty-four seconds. At
64 miles he was miles ahead of his
field, but an accident to his saddle put
him out of the race, although on a
borrowed road|ster Ihe finished the
100 miles and secured the time medal
for that distance, scooping in seventy-
five pounds worth of prizes for the
one event.
This competition and the wonderful
times made, firmly established the
Rover, and for many years after that
machine "Set thc fashion to the
World," as the advertisements in the
many cycling papers of that time
stated. '
The advent of the Rover was the
death blow to the numerous types of
the Kangaroo, and practically of that
of the old ordinary. Some few specimens of the latter were built to the
order of old-time riders, up to the
end of 1900. Many old-timers still
claim that the Ordinary is the most
comfortable cycle, but a machine of
that type at the present day is very
rare, a very good specimen was recently secured by Mr. Chapman, the
cycle agent in Vancouver, and put on
exhibition by him. This machine was
made by the Coventry Machinist's Co.,
DEELEY
CYCLES
THE  PARAGON and
DEELEY   SPECIAL
Have   set   the   fashion   to   the
Western World.
Spend     your   vacation   on   a
Cycle.
For all outdoor pleasure and
work the cycle is indispensable.
Call and see our models.
FRED DEELEY
The Cycle Man
1126   GRANVILLE   STREET
VANCOUVER
and is in excellent condition.
Thc advent of thc pneumatic tyre
sealed the popularity of the bicycle.
The inventor of this tyre was Mr. J.
D. Dunlop, a veterinary surgeon, residing at Belfast, who conceived the
idea that an inflated tyre would reduce vibration to a minimum. It was
rather unfortunate for this gentleman
that his invention had been anticipated, though it was not known at the
time. Some two or three years afterwards it was found by accident that
the idea had been conceived and patented by a Mr. Thompson, so long
back as 1845, and tyres were made
and actually fitted to the wheels of
cabs; but as the inventor was unable
to overcome the liability of puncture
they were dropped.
During the last ten years the improvements in the bicycle have been
practically confined to matters of. detail, small, though perhaps valuable in
themselves; but it may be fairly stated
that since the commencement of the
present decade the bicycle has been
little altered.
Citizens' Organizations and Obligation
"Nothing seems too sacred for the
Canadian grafter to graft on. Even the
boots for our soldiers at the front had
to have a slice off them and the munitions of war also contributed. They,
the grafters, in effect, took the boots
off our soldiers' feet and the rifles
out of their hands and sent them to
fight the Germans barefooted and unarmed. That is what it really meant
as the $1,000,000 graft to the Hon.
Sam Hughes' personal friend, Colonel
Allison, would have bought many rifles, and each boot having this slice of
graft taken off would leave the soldier barefooted that much earlier; and
you must know that this is a war of
attrition, starve out, fight out and
wear out," said Mr. P. Donnelly, Liberal candidate in Vancouver, in an
address at New Westminster recently.
"This $1,000,000 graft, you must remember, was on only $22,000,000 of
contracts under investigation, although the total purchases were over
$.100,000,000, but strenuous and .successful efforts were made by the Ottawa government to prevent all the
contracts' being ...investigated. This
was accomplished on mere technicalities and in spite of the fact that the
Commission signified its willingness
to proceed with the whole. What
would we find if we Investigated all
of tlu- $.100,000,000 of contracts?
"Xow the question is, who is responsible for the grafting and what is
the remedy? 1 am going to try and
answer both questions, and I believe
T can. 11 will surprise ymi when 1
say lhat the individual voter who,
generally speaking, is an honest man,
is indirectly responsible. While it is
true that they do not actually steal,
they nevertheless make it possible for
the grafter to do so. That is the way
the situation appears to me.
"There is only one way to keep
.'politics clean and tllat is for the control to bc in clean hands, and this cannot be accomplished if the better element stay away and allow the professional politician and grafter to control
the situation. How often do you hear
a man say: 'I take no interest in politics.' 'It is bad for business.' 'Politics is rotten anyhow,' and so forth.
Why doesn't he come in and help
make them clean? His citizenship of
which he is justly proud, the vote
which signifies that he is a free man,
are of no use if they do not influence
the results are a foregone conclusion,
because through his neglect two men
are put forward for office, neither of
whom he approves, he says, but 'I was
not at the meeting,' and 'Things were
framed up anyhow.' 'Politics are rotten anyway,' and so forth. Did he
think they would stop doing business
entirely just because he did not attend?
"Many good men would offer themselves for office if they could get support, but if the less desirable element
is the most active and always on the
job, the result very likely is that it is
the man with the organisation back
of him that gets the office, rather than
the man most suitable for it.
"The remedy which we propose is
that every man on the voters' list
should take an intelligent part in politics, attend the meetings, sec that the
most desirable men are induced to run
for office, and support them, both
when they offer themselves and after
they are elected. Do not transfer thc
responsibility of your franchise to
someone else. I am convinced tllat
at least 95 per cent, of both parties
in politics are absolutely honorable,
but the activity of the questionable 5
per cent, and neglect of the 95 per
cent., will give the control into thc
hands of the grafters.
"Xo lime need bc was-ted mi the
plan of canvassing, as it has been amply proven by both parties lhal the
block system is ihe best; each nnd
every block in charge of someone,
who at all times should be as able tu
give a complete political report on all
the people living in his block. This
admitted, then iln best organisation
is the one in which every voter takes
an interest and at least sees lo il, first,
that his name on the voters' list, and
afterwards, that his personal friends
entitled to vote, are also on the list.
Then on election day he does not
wait to be drawn to the polls, but
goes voluntarily and makes it his business to see that his friends do likewise. That is all there is to it. and it
is so easy if enough men will undertake it. I was pleased to find in Victoria many of the sturdy old stock
who positively refused to bc drawn to
the poll. It is surely a patriotic work,
seeing that men entitled to it are given the vote.
"A man's citizenship and his record
as a citizen will not get him a vote
on election day if he or someone else
has not taken the precaution to sic
that his name is on the voters' list.
Assuredly it is a good turn to do a
friend, and it is so easy to speak to
him and remind him, and if he appreciated the reminder, as he is sure to
do, it is not hard to ask him to see
that his friends arc also on the list.
"It only costs 25 cents for a voters'
list, and most people can afford this,
and if the list is on your office desk
or on your table at home, where it
can be seen, it will be a suggestion to
your friends when they call. If you
should change your address, it is so
easy for you to phone to one of your
officers giving your new address, and
think of the time you save the association in locating you. In short, if
each did his bare duty in this particular, there would be little or no expense to a political campaign; everybody entitled to be on the list would
be on; those not entitled to be on
would be struck off, and polities would
bc clean and the country prosperous.
"If in Mr. M. A. Macdonald's campaign those who voted for him had
given an average of $1.00 each, wc
would have bail more than was necessary, instead of not being able to pay
our bills. Look at the seriousness of
this. Money has to be provided lor
legitimate expenses, and if it docs not
come from the many, it h*.s to come
from the few, and if ** fev do all the
contributing, they will most likely
want to control the situation and get
the money that has been advanced returned a hundredfold in an indirect
way. The voter saves the direct dollar and pays JJfX) indirectly.
"Mr. Honest Hardworking Husiness
Man could read you a fine lecture on
the necessity of each and every one
doing his bit and he may even have
a son at the Front linking his life
that we may retain our national freedom, but when this same man gets
home, gets his slippers on. lis pipe
lit and his chair up to a nice (.rate fire,
it would take a dcrr'ck to move him.
He is quite satisfied to let politicians
mn politics and to allow those who
have an axy to griwl to go to thc
meeting, elect officers and run the association; au i even to elect delegates
to a convent'oi to select a candidate..
What is the re; nil' Why. very often
I am afraid, the seeker seeks and -e-
cures tlie office rather than the otifec
seeking the right man. Then when the
election comes on again, 'He is a
business man, not a politician,' and he
does business with both sides and docs
not want to offend anyone. In other
words, he has his own fish to fry.
When it lomcs to subscriptions to the
campaign fund, 'Well, he is not a
politician, you know, and needs the
money in his business, but doesn't
mind giving a small donation,' and
possibly gives this small donation to
both sides.
"Every man on the list should assess himself for his portion of the expenses of the campaign and contribute that amount, either in work Or
money, just as conscientiously as he
would pay any other debt of honor,
and if each would do this, grafting
would disappear in a short time, and
if both sides would do the same, you
would have a good government, no
matter whether it was Liberal or Conservative. If the better element of thc
Conservative party had been in control of the party, this province would
not be in the disgraceful condition it
is in today, burdened with debt, undeveloped, and the population decreasing daily.
"Having managed a recent campaign I know whereof I speak.    Over
.9,500 people voted for our candidate,
but the subscription list contained less
than 100 names, or, in other words, .9,-
400 proud Hritish subjects excused
themselves from the financial responsibility of their citizenship. So you
will see that my description of the
selfish and inconsistent business man
must have applied lo many who were
not business men, but. nevertheless,
.should have, insisted upon the privilege of doing their bit.
"Nelson said on that memorable occasion, 'England expects every man to
Ido hi- duly.' and Mr. Brewster expects every man in ll. C, t" do his
duty, and if every man does his duty,
we will have another ami a cleaner
government, and our fair province
will l>e raised from the slough Of des-
ipondeiicy lo which it lias been sunk
by the methods of a government, the
premier of which said, 'I am a man of
the world, and I know that with white
men as with Indians, it is necessary at
times tu grease a palm in order to get
a thing through.' This. I believe, is
the first time the head of any government publicly recognised graft. The
people have a right to investigate and
I try and find out if the Pacific Grcat
j Eastern   Railway  Company    greased
I any palms to get their illegal deals
through this government. The people
of B. C. have got to be shown before
! another 6 1-2 millions is handed over
to the Pacific Grcat Eastern Railway."
PHONE: 8EV. OOO
MacDONALD & HAY
Barrister*, Solicitors, Etc.
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.

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