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The Saturday Chinook Apr 8, 1916

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Array AV^CHI
Vanccuver
British
vAJfC
Columbia
Canada
Vol. IV, No. 49���Eitablished 1911
SATURDAY, APRIL 8.  1916
Price Five Cents
���ni nt  gi iund.
^HHHBHBHHHLflBti'<'
Thus thi    -. enl
H im- comp ii)  receivi   - i li  must be left to
\rt  was concerned only  witn tiielvinee, tlie* amateur wouiu men consider way- and means,
��� ���������������������IB ��� *������������������ | letting       contract It He would ask a reputable broker to ascertain whether it
��� ha I i  ithii '.- to do the guvci of Brit- tvould   i  p issiblc to float a bond issue iu London oi  '������ i*    warn   foi ,. -     It will rise to a contract in your
��� ish   Columbia  was  ' illii                     -.ii;,1.   ess  had  beei York, .-nd  what  the  cost  of such a  flotation  would  bc.   nami   foi ���   n of a railway.    The dough will
i lesser pel    r.agi     ihau  i '���-    ��� ������  er  greal Hie broker would reply that the credit of thc provincial  have lost                er cent, in this process, so tliat you will
. iig! i- of the road.  Ma    -   zii   md Mann���why not take government being excellent and its natural resources vast,  receivi   $8,483,30    ril    which to proceed.    (As
li looked lii" wbal i*- .'.m- he considered it possible t" place a bond issue of from five
ii-ii"   and  i'    ��� :o,.    'ria- to ten million dollars at two per cent, discount and four
i'l   i adc   it-      outract    With per  cent,  interest.    The  amateur  would  take a  sheet  of
-lew.nt and at  the  same time paper and estimate that he could complete his first year's
irrc.  into by the  three riius- work if he borrowed six million dollars and thai lu- wouldlduri
nk   Pacific  Br,inch   Lines Co., probably he able  to obtain  even  belter  terms  later on  if   'n ,r
���EDITORIAL OPINIONS^
���
"'I'll,* trilMi tit nil tlliH'N firmly Manila
And Niiall from njrc to hki; endure,"
advantage of i  .
U   inoiily ���known  as  a  "lead
��� ������British  Columbia  govern
j Messrs. Foley, Welch an.
i recognized an agreement
kcteers  with  the  Grand  1
gives that company
h
iption oi sixty daj
i-rtlie   lhe  province  continued  to  develop as  expected,  and  the' necessitates care).
i president
oi iln- cotnpan* you will receive a large share oi tin- loss
in weight, >o I1-':, is no need to worrj about it. In fact
lie.- whole idea :- to make iln.- ultimate dish as light
i- possible, ii requires deft handling at times, especially
ing periods. Tin- more you knead the
can   sweeti-n   with   guarantee'!   bunds���but   it
CURRENT COMMENT
The Skull and Cross Bones of
Railway Construction
THE THREE MUSKETEERS
D,UMAS made tbe Three Musketeers famous. British
Columbia, not to he outdone by a n manticjst, has
made them rich. Dumas christened his heroes
l/.\,-rtagnau. Aramis and Roxthos.i British Columbia did
pot, christen hers���she dowered them. Long a-;-, their
parents christened them Timothy Foley, Patrick Welch
and Jack Stewart. Ireland and Scotland, optimism and
ca.njlittCSSj a Celtic coinliinalion which tiei-er shrinks unify v
ai^y .i-JMtiiiistani'Ci, even when it uiidiTg-icing. Dumas' Three Musketeers were road,
the greal Cardinal Richelieu���that is to say
, of  their  business  un   the. roads  oi   France,
umbiq's three .musketeers arc ,contractors t
,������ ilj make a contracl wit'n theu]
r tilroads of Bntish Columbia.
i' irthos  used  their  swords.   I
^^^^^^^^^^^TKo in ma n da hi
Pacific ('.real   Eastern   Railway in case any one offers to j investors were convinced that the railway was being con-;
purchase same, and providi - ior the routing of all freight   structed on a business like basis.    Having obtained S5.S.SII,- j THE DOUGH CONTINUES LOSING WEIGHT
and passengers' over tin- G, T.  1'. and vice  w.-r^a.   Tin- I 10 by this means the amateur would turn to Sir Percy and      You now have a contract, a company, and a large dough
deduction  is  simple.    Tin   Three  Musketeers  wanted  tin   ask him to go ahead and construct the railway.    Tin- lat-   which  has  lost no  less  than  S1.5I6SOO  m  the  foregoing
contracl  for construction.    The final result could be sold   I, r by tbis time having been engaged as engineer by tlu   process.   .U least *J1,/.iij,C1KJ of this should bc locked up iu
lo the Grand Trunk  Pacific at a nice profit, as the latter   amateur,   would   have   purchased   the   necessary   plant  ���I your private  store  room  in case you are ever in danger
Would naturally desire entrance to Vancouver.    Thus the i which   is   not   very  expensive .or  complex���and   carefully j 01   starvation.     lhe  next   step   is   to   form  yourself  into
people of llritish Columbia wen- to pay for a railway buill   considered  the  question  of  labor.    In  the  latter  case  he  a  contractor  and  multiply yourself as  many  times as  is
by the Three Musketeers who would sell it lo a purchaser j would have the help of ihe amateur, who being the gov-  convenient, by addin
who was already in evidence. eminent, would know all about labor conditions.
I
THE CONTRACT
The exact procedure fojlowed by these three musketeers
is a matter of small moment. The procedure is much the
same iu all cases. It consists 'in forming a company to
build and operate a railway. Tims is born the Pacific
Great   Eastern  Railway Co..  the directors of  which arc
THE AMATEUR AT WORK
public v.-
iHtractors
hey dii' in
British  Cr
anyone v,
In due course Sir Percy would pitch his various camps,
and the amateur being desirous of constructing the railway as cheaply as possible, would appoint a sanitary engineer   and   medical   officer   for   the   whole   construction,
 ^^^^^^^       who  would iu   lurn  have  iheir own  staff.     In  each  camp
Messrs. J. \V. Stewart, D' Woy Tate. Timothy Foley, I'.. I',   there would la- a general store where the amateur would
While, and  Frederick  Wilson,    in' the-  three  musketeers   sell such things as the men desired at a price which would
They do
D'Artagin
de-,.   Wei
���r. wits.
}.s than
will be noticed .tliat pnlj  two an- directors of the'railway
company which presumably must operate the road.    The
shareholders oi tlie company are Timothy holey. Patrick I also construct a .large building in each .caiiip where.they
Welch. John W. Stewart. D'Arcy Talc. I-'.. I-'. White, t-red- would be aide to read, or write, play cards, and generally
f Foley,.Wekh.and Stewart, enjoy themselves when their day's work was done! This
fr ':- 'V'er j border. It would he in addition to the ordinary sleeping and eating
..i   the. t elio-American  c im- [ quarters.   .Probably being an amateur and therefore a fool,
g uillerent partners to yourself. 1'art-
j uers may be plucked from your company singly or in collides.    When you have used up your own nailie and those
of your partners, let them repeat the process.   If there are
not enough of you to take contracts lor all the profitable
portions   of   the   work,   friends   will   always   oblige.     This
rather complicated process will probably lighten the original  dough  of any  odd  weight.    Thus   from  $e!,4K3,50() it
will probably be reduced to $,X,I��aV!l'���'��� I but you have added
the three letters sub to your title of ..ciiiitr,c.'t..r and jnulti-
plieol-it'at least a-.soore-.of twnes,���which is.a costly business,
coyer 'he est of running the store.   The amateur realis-  Sprinkle the $8,<XX)'O00 evenly -.\er all.
ing that iln- men on .the work, were human beings, would | llavoi* imw add an employment agency, an
a'nded  s*'"i>  of  toil, ���charging'Curb  one
llighla
i-ri-
ere!
eu, i in- great
-leers and Britllisll Coin
rial Mi.-he lieu guarai lei
.icceed in..carrying oul ti.
Howpver thai is a men
THE TRUE ARTIST
J'he . onstru  ti m of ;
;.t..,. obtain
' between
.ilia's fan
:   ih.   ,  '
erick-AYilsoii ai
Talk about a
is .im ,vt itliing to il;
hii.e on the inn...
ll is obvious I
way    Company    h
it  of   British [Columbia.! ],,.
>!'
���II i ���
(',
���ill
r|     1111,11-
lually
Railv
n    Kail- '
cl.'h and
',  Welch
n  in  thirds.'   He
.. stimulate lh.
��� -us competitio
tin   moral  sits
interest
ii  the
ra re-
Irmor ol 'being  "gi rten."    Then* add
family or partner brar
ea- ll   IU 111   1: .    i-K :!o i'l    iflV i -.-...'. ��
a year from 500U men. This portioi
profitable if carried out properly.
make tbe conditions of labor the .1
stantly leaving you and every chan
another dollar for the employment
maintain the
i .'��� 00 liorny-
ollar-lor- tile
tor,    of    tlie
*i.f '..-������ a dollar a month from
That means $6(1,000
1 the process is very
Che ' hartli r you can
re men will be cori-
I this kind means
ency'and another t;j
.i the   ���-.   rk.
0 Sli I '.'
in.  doctor.
THE STATION-MEN
l.i'l     large     .pianlilie:
I   ���       i.i I    sell    it
low evei
irdinarv
���   .      ..
.>.....'..
THE SUB-CONTRACTORG
,,,- ,-,,;ii      very.dii       .        i  ill up.. tJv..8niLtiis,.dcar..Sir
cr   unheard   of   career,
,- r,
.    .       ruing   lo
*
11 th.
listie
Thi
-.il a
A   \
cry
tl
Hi
real an of railway building is provided by the Pacific
Great Eastern railway, which is popular!} sttpopscd to
run from Vancouver to Fort George,    li d es not run. it
ili
,nt
halts until the public comes to its aid with
the shape of money. The process by wbic
if running is created is coniriion to all latti
const-ruction in Canada, The artistic contr
a railway. They select a picturesque routt ,
iastio government, Between the two the
������-I up. Incidentally so i- thc public treasury
interesting process, well worth analysing.
THE THREE MUSKETEERS
tla
'I o  these  thirty-six Iir
these fifty names tv
Wilson ai'p, ars  in  two
J. A. W
-. There
Bihold then iln- three musketeer
eminent, a  lull  treasury, and a  tr
'iiii.drcd and fifty mile-- in length.   Al
is  the progressive  city  of  Vancouvc
future city of Fort Georg
an  eu
I   of   1;
siastn
g. iv-
land some four
end of this tract
  t   Iln   ollnr   lh.
The missing link i-  lhe rail-
by sub-contractors
fferem parts , f ih.
optimist
| of others
-: ernmenl
I liable
'such   fasl:
. i under Lot
c\ en   ihc
I lhe  Panai
. [ the amatc
limply
ut." cri
ader always
work in sue
I.-i'l thai mo
li'"'.;   lhal
���tie reai
'whnevi
I
icntlc ^^^^^^^^
i fashii n:" Th,.- amateur v
.1 civilised go* eriunents pr<
Sir   Percy   Girouard   himsc
lii
mailer of interest is the in
Were they K-i hy teni i r
firms? If ihey were awa;
ain portions of the line?
Struct "in- five or tin mil.
ing to the informali n gi'
tract was nol let ai ;. i ri.
the \ ariotts kinds ..f work
By ihis information it woi
tract for construction ivai
i'Ui
11
,verc the} awarded to .-,
led v ho had ihc choice >.
li might bc far easier to
lection than another Ac
n by the government, tju
p. r mil.- hui a- unit pri-1
nerformed and niati rial in
is lo
lis ms
1 trad
funic
chener in Egypt, ii
' cut   of   the   I'm
n,ll   under   -:!<!;     -.1
;.l I admit iln; if tl
a . ery wise .
i   tOI 'a.   ll ere  woul
'.   ,1 condition of a
tilar styl
State-    i
���t the
-
-
JTHE GOVERNMENT METHOD
I.
'.ay which will unite in indissoluble interest bearing bonds j
liicse various and varied interests,   It is iieccssan to state
lhal, *tlle three iniiskel.-crs were hot  lhe  }   heroes rca.h   >�� '��""';' Pi'ofilablc on  the unit system thai
to oijcn.ttp the country for public service.    For a consider-1'"W-    Favored contractors c
seem   il had
able .period prior to .their appearance ..n lh
iecniiret>oj*rifized tliat .the head of ftowe Sound being tidewater, provided exceptional facilities for transportation.
Moreover, there were large tracts of timber, 'thousands iff
acres of arable land such as Peinberton Meadows���beloved
-if the se,ttlcr but like most beloved things, hard to obtain���
and innumerable mining prospects, all of which might well
need,transportation to markets. All that was needed Was to
bring*- this natural wealth to tide-water and for that .a railway- 'was a necessity. Certain far sighted businessmen of
Vancouver liad for a considerable time been interested in
this problem and having acquired timber licenses and land
in the ordinary way. bad built from tide-water ten miles
of railroad, at their own expense. Premier McBride.on
February 13, 1913���those who are superstitious will 'note
the conjunction of the fatal number 13���stated that several
"large organizations bad instructed themselves in linking
up Vancouver and Fort George by a line of railway���tbe
contract with Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart had been
made in the general public interest." Obviously so; the
interest of the public is quite genuine, it has just amounted
to over $300,000 this year.
WHY WORK FOR OTHERS?
Hut presumably these large organizations were not considered sufficiently artistic to construct a railway on
approved principles. To do this the government sought
thc aid of men who had proven themselves grcat artists,
and thus naturally there appeared upon the scene the
three musketeers whose names were a household word in
the annals of this peculiar art. Of the various adventures
of these three there is not space to tell. The Grand Trunk
Pacific, the Canadian Northern Pacific knew them well.
To those railways, tbe three musketeers were contractors
That  is  they actually  constructed  portions
of thc  lines
tinder the aegis of others. This time they determined
that others should construct the Pacific Great Eastern
under their aegis. After all why should they work for
���others. If their experience had taught them anything, it
-was to be first on the ground,���not railway ground, but
^  choose lhe
kind of work. These matters, however, h
little to do with the art of railway building
Sordid details of business which an- in-.re or less wearisome and unromantic. Vet to really appreciate ail il is
necessary to know Something of technique. There is more
technique in letting sub-contracts than appears on the
surface, as may become apparent a little later.
THE AMATEUR RAILWAY BUILDER
The. amateur who has no training and no technical know-
leilge of the art of railway construction, or tbe art of
politics, would be inclined to proceed on very simple lines.
He would put himself in the place of a government which,
stirred to action by the clamor of the populace, determined
to construct a railroad from Vancouver to Fort George.
Knowing nothing whatever about tbe construction of railways, he would engage the services of an engineer of repute whom he would ask to lay out the route and estimate
the cost. The Turkish government was able to engage
such an expert for building its new waterways in Mesopotamia. There is a distinguished Canadian engineer, Sir
Percy Girouard, who, no doubt, would be quite capable of
building any railway for a government. Tbe amateur
then, let it bc supposed, having obtained the services of
Sir Percy, would await bis report and on reviewing' it,
publish it so as to advertise thc great work- he was about
to undertake. Sir Percy in bis report would state that
the railway would probably cost $35,000 a mile to construct, lie would also .carefully estimate the probable
development of the country through which tbe proposed
railway would run, which would enable the amatqur to
estimate the probable revenue. Sir Percy would also
state that be would advise construction to commence at
two or three different places and that it would cost about
$5,250,000 to complete 150 miles of railway in the next
twelve months.
THE AMATEUR FINANCIER
Being in  the  place  of  the  government and,  therefore,
able to raise money on the various resources of the pro-
Hiii what an amateur might d ��� and what a government j
in-  combined with an an is lie c ntractoi  i in   lo, an   I vo en
r tircly different  things.    Let   ;- di rcgai :  ; -i  a  few   mo-
I.  ments ..ur three  musketeers and  ji  ���  along  thc ordinary
that il riginal con ironic  pursued  by  most   gentlemen   ol   tin   road   whose
in's basis Rock �� .rk methods hardly vary at all. So commonplace have these
iraighl grad- nielli.ids become thai ii is feared the various governments
��� m profitable I existing all over Canada ban- formed a habit f which
- really very | none of them can gel rid, li must always be remembered
They arc tlie| that  lawyers are great on  precedent and  that  if the
llieiu
certain'
otirsel; rm        ith all the
mtra       then    si     nee. ,vorr\     The
-   repi ��i;   will agi ee with yo    -     if
statioi   man an} i     n
ut, as ,i  sul      ntn    '      n   st go   uto li-
begi .   ���
ntracl  was added,    The station-man  has
���
i is, -
eminent of Nova Scotia docs something wrong and is
foiled oul, the wrong is established as a permanent excuse. The discovery of the wrong is merely an incident ja IKlM-\ mess '""' is cl"
which warns others to be more careful in covering lhe
trail. So the government which wants to build a railway
negotiates with certain well-known gentlemen whose success -in railway contracting has given them fame and
wealth. That is going by precedent. The general recipe
for construction follows���anyone can use it if they have
a good cook in a well-equipped kitchen as a personal
friend.
RECIPE FOR BUILDING RAILWAYS
Take a large section of country, as new as possible, and
draw a line anywhere across it. If someone else has already done this it makes no difference, except in tbe
color of your line. Then call on tbe nearest government
and ask for guaranteed bonds. All governments keep'
a large stock of these . They are the commonest produce.
Be ready to sign any agreement requested. It makes no
difference what you sign if you only make sure that the
lawyer'who represents you is a partner of the lawyer
who represents tbe government. Having secured' the
necessary guaranteed bonds, proceed to London or New
York and mix them as quickly as possible in the money
market. They will come otlt dough. The exact weight
or amount is not of much importance, but for the sake of
clarity it may be as well to use $10,000,000 of guaranteed
bonds as an example and basis on which to commence
cooking. These bonds would probably lose about $31X1,000
in the mixing process, which being accomplished, place
the resultant $9,700,000 in your bank account and take the
first boat or train back whence you came. On arrival at
once form a company with yourself as president. You
knead tbe presidency with the dough which you have
produced. Place this dough of 59,700,000 in the oven of
tbe company, first extracting $970,000 with which to cover
travelling expenses and commission for securing the ne-
REPEAT THE  DOSE
I
Supposing,  however, all  li     -  well  and  tlu   station  man
- veetens tin pot. you are well .n. ihc wa} t. turning out
the finished product, li is a- veil to proceed -lowly with
the whole recipe, [or while ii continues to simmer it becomes richer all the time Don't let it hod over, ii makes
carelessness, li it does not
seem rich enough to your taste after a year or so, add
guaranteed bonds as often as possible. If by any mischance the government you originally obtained iliem from
has changed and the new government has none for yoit
in stock ��� the recipe is really spoilt for good.
Throw up tbe whole thing, go into liquidation at once and
shrug yotir shoulders. You have no further interest .in
the matter. Probably tbe country was not as new as you
expected. Purchase a large country house in Scotland
and a town house in London and go in for society.
(X.B.���Tbis recipe is quite genuine, though it can be
varied according to taste and tbe nature of the government. It will be noticed that it depends on guaranteed
bonds for its entire success. If these, are not forthcoming,
tbe dough which is tbe biteis of the whole dish, will not
risel.
THE GENERAL OUTCOME
That is the real art of railway construction. It is simply carelessness on tbe part of the contractor if any subcontractor not immediately connected with the original
contractor or company .makes money. The sub-contractor
who is not in the inner circle usually finds be owes money
to the contractor from whom he has to buy everything.
Part of his contract is the purchasing of supplies through
thc contractor. Eggs, meat, everything down to matches
must be bought from tbe contractor's store, which usually
charges ten per cent, for handling and at least another
ten per cent, on the invoiced price. Heaven, the contractor
and bis friend the wholesaler, alone know bow much profit the invoice price may really signify. In tbis manner,
if you cannot work out the cost of construction on any
portions of the line you choose at any price you choose,
you better go out of the contracting business. The whole
art of contracting is to shift all expense on to tbe shoal-
- '���'^���, TWO
SATURDAY   CHINOOK
SATURDAY, APRIL 8, 1916
frKjJjSS^S^SatSiSSS!
THE SATURDAY CHINOOK
Published every Saturday at the Chinook Printing House,
 Seymour 470
426 Homer Street. Vancouver.
Telephone
Registered   at   the   Post  Office  Department,  Ottawa,  as
Second Class Mall Matter, __	
SUBSCRIPTION   RATES
To all points In Canada, United Kingdom, Newfoundland,
New Zealand and other British Possessions:
$2.00
Postage to American. European ana other foreign countries
11.00 per year extra.	
The Saturday Chinook will be delivered to any address
In .Vancouver or vicinity at ten c<*nt�� a month.
Member of the Canadian Press Association.
The Saturday Chinook circulates throughout Vancouver
and the cities, towns,- villages and settlement* throughout
British Columbia. In politic! the paper ia Independent
Liberal.   We do not accept liquor advertisements.
Publiahers Greater Vancouver Publishers, Limited.
<ters of those who do the actual work and not to allow
any possible profit slip through your fingers anywhere.
The money spent is not yours, you do not even have to
pay the interest on it, unless you consider it ultimately
profitable to do so. The railway thus constructed should
belong to you if you care to have it, but you will not care,
as operating a railroad under such circumstances would
not be profitable.   It is better to allow it to be reorganized.
THE PACIFIC GREAT EASTERN
As far as our three musketeers are concerned, they
could not be blamed if they took advantage of the circumstances and constructed the Pacific Great Eastern Railway on tbe foregoing recipe. Undoubtedly the cost of
construction is in parts extremely heavy. As Attorney-
General Bowser explained three years ago, it might "cost
from $100,000 to $125,000 per mile in portions, especially
that of the Howe Sound end," Therefore, the three musketeers evidently wishing to spare the public, have not attempted construction beyond White Cliff, at tbe.entrance
to Howe Sound. According to charter, the company was
given an authorized capital of $25,000,000, that is of $55,555
per mile and borrowing powers of $27,000,000, that is of
$60,000 per mile. The government guaranteed tbe principal
of $15,750,000 and interest at 4 per cent., or $630,000 per
annum, which equals $35,000 per mile, since raised to $42,-
. 000 per mile and 4 1-2 per cent, interest. In return it received a first mortgage over tbe whole line and a personal
bond from Messrs. Foley, Welch and Sfewart of $250,000
in securities. Three years ago Premier Meliride assured
the people the line would be completed in two years. The
war of course is as usual to be blamed for the delay. As
a general scapegoat tbe war beats anything Hall Cable
ever conceived. The railway in addition to the guarantees
mentioned, received a right of way grant of 100 feet in
width through all crown lands as well as vacant crown
lands necessary for the construction of siding stations,
embankments, etc. Vacant crown lands were also granted
for townsites at divisional points, consisting of 1280 acres
at each divisional point and 640 acres at each other town-
site.
WHAT OF THE FUTURE?
It is quite plain that railway contracting is a very high
art and a very profitable one under such circumstances,
the operation of thc railroad is another matter and it
hardly concerns our three musketeers, as they have thc
agreement with the Grand Trunk Pacific which bas been
mentioned. The question before the people of British
���Columbia is this. The Pacific Great Eastern or Messrs.
Foley, Welch and Stewart want the people to loan them
another $6,000,000 or so to complete the line. They are
said to have already invested their own money to the tune j the actual cost of construction
of some millions, five is the sum mentioned, in its construction. It is more than likely their personal investment
is the $250,000 of securities already referred to. If they
do not think the railway a profitable investment, would
they have put up any of their securities? Possibly the
security consists of common stock in thc Pacific Great
Eastern. Help! Yet it is obvious that under the usual recipe they might have made, or P. Welch, contractor, might
have made very large sums out of construction. Why
should not the government of British Columbia complete
construction itself? Why should it give Messrs. Foley,
Welch and Stewart any more money either as a loan or as
guaranteed bonds. Where is it to raise the sum required,
which Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart, who will own
the railway, arc not willing to raise themselves? What
has become of tbe securities given to the government by
Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart? Why were not these
used to pay for the defaulted interest of $316,000 paid in
January by the people of British Columbia?
PHILANTHROPY OR BUSINESS?
Perhaps it is foolish to ask questions, but seeing that
contractors are not in business for philanthropic purposes,
why should the people give them more money out of which
to make money? If the balance of the sum needed were
to go direct to the station men or even t" sub-contractors
who actually did thc work, no one would have cause to
grumble. But when it filters from tbe company to tb
contractor and from tbe contractor to sub-contractors, and
from them to other sub-contractors and so on down, tbe
whole grade, losing a certain percentage of its value all tbe
time in friction caused by its passage from one pocket to
thc other, tbe absurdity of thc situation is plain.   A busi
ness government would tackle the situation in a business
like way. In the first place the company and the three
musketeers would have to produce their books and vouchers for all expenditure, which would be checked by independent auditors and engineers. The books of the sub-contractors would also be examined and their relationship to
the contractor questioned. The profits of various stores
would have to be known���in fact the whole series of operations would be subjected to searching analysis. By tbis
means the exact cost per mile would bc known and compared with the actual money expended. The government
Statement that its engineer estimates the cost of completing tbe line to Fort George at so much has nothing to do
wilh the case. That apparently does not include the cost
of tbe Howe Sound portion of the line, which, according
to  Premier  Bowser, is likely to bc the heaviest.
The Minister of Finance states in t'.ie House one day
that it will cost about $6,000,000 to complete tbe line, the
next day the public is informed! n reply to questions that
to link up Vancouver with Fort George will cost over
$11,000,000.
AN INTERESTING EXPERIMENT
It would be most interesting and profitable at such a
time as this to make an experiment. Let thc government
undertake to complete tbe line and let the Three Musketeers advance thc money necessary. Let us reverse the
present position and see what happens. Surely tbe Three
Musketeers between them can raise a paltry $6,000,000
from among tlieir friends. Let the people of British Columbia accept such guaranteed bonds or securities as the
Three Musketeers can offer and see whether they can
make a profit out of the transaction. If tbe Three Mus-
'keteers can, why cannot the people of British Columbia?
If the Three Musketeers cannot find the money necessary, why on earth should the people of British Columbia,
having found the money, pay it into the coffers of the
P. G. & E. railway? The people have not millions to
throw away, why not hold what they have and spend it for
their own profit not for that of three gentlemen who, however excellent their original intentions, have not yet been
able to pave the road to Fort George with steel. Granting
that every detail of thc work done in the past has been
most efficiently carried out, it must also bc granted that
the contractors have not completed their contract and that
in consequence British Columbia is forced to assume a
lyiability which really should be shouldered by the contractors. Yet does anyone imagine that they have not
made a profitable business of the contract? Eventually
it looks as if British Columbia would have to foreclose
and such a proceeding would complete the recipe
given for railroad construction in every detail. But
alas���it would also make an unsatisfactory ending to Bit-
ish Columbia's romance of Three Musketeers, and the public dislikes sad endings. For the sake of art it is better to
sacrifice our own credit to maintain the reputation of three
such gallant gentlemen of the road. Moreover, it would
be a pity to prevent our business government publishing
another comic section. Humor must be preserved at all
costs iu these somewhat dull days.
DO NOT BLAME CONTRACTORS
Remember the Pacific Great Eastern Railway is only
an example of most efficient business management by a
firm of contractors matched against the most inefficient
business management of a government. There is no need
to accuse tbe government of stealing the .people's money
and banding it over to the Three Musketeers. That sort
of accusation could not bc proved and there is no evidence to show that the members of the government responsible for the original contract were given any common
stock or cash for making the contract. It is foolish to
burl such allegations at those who may be politically opposed to you. The railway was voted by the people of
British Columbia and the government cannot be blamed
for carrying out the demand of the electorate. But the
sheer stupidity of conducting business in such a fashion
is surely apparent. It is the same all over Canada. The
contractors make enormous profits out of everything but
the actual construction which they only touch if they can
make certain sections profitable. Otherwise they leave it
to sub-contractors and station men and practically bet
them ten to one they cannot make money out of it. The
money voted by the people in the form of guaranteed bonds
docs not go into construction until it has been thoroughly
picked in cvery way possible by passing from band to band
in a perfectly legitimate manner. The men on tbe work
have absolutely no interest in it, and it is quite obvious
that they can be made to contribute very considerably
towards the profits of the contractors. It is all rotten
rotten to the core and the government and everyone else-
is fully aware of its rottenness but finds it politically profitable. Some day the public will insist on contractors
being dealt with in a business like way, anil then these
knights of the road will disappear Ijke other decorative
figures of the barbaric ages.
CHECKING THE CONTRACTORS
If a government believes a railway should be built
and is willing to guarantee the bonds or otherwise assist
the contractors, the contract should be let by tender and
the terms of the contract published in full. Another method which is certainly more business like than the present is to pay the contractor ten per cent, over and above
The one thing necessary
every country place and was standing pat against the people, and that the only way for the Liberals to gain success
was by personal canvas. In Ashcroft, said Mr. Murphy,
there will be a much larger Liberal majority than ever
before, because of the shameful neglect by the present
member in the matter of public buildings, and tbe disgraceful P. G. E, farce. He pointed out how Mr. Macdonald bad compelled the government lo admit lhat it had
been called upon to pay $316,000 defaulted interest on P. (",.
li. bonds, and declared that this province will not get
through paying such interest for many years. The government guaranteed $20,000,000 worth of P. (',. {���'.. securities,
supposed to be sufficient to build tbe road, but the road
was not built. 'Where did the money go?' he asked. 'The
men who built the road did not get the money, but to Foley, Welch and Stewart, whose bead office is in the United
States, is where tbe money went. That firm of contractors got away with over half of the money that was raised
to build tbe road from Vancouver to Fort George. Why
did they not carry out their contract? Why did they not
pay fair wages? Ask Mr. Bowser, the attorney-general,
bis firm were solicitors for all of the contractors and the
sub-contractors. 'Talk about honor among lawyers,' said
Mr. Murphy. 'The more he made for the contractors, tbe
more he could cnarge as a retainer fee. It is absolutely ridiculous to have Mr. Bowser at tbe head of this government; it's a disgrace to tbe province that the men who
were employed to work on that road cannot get their pay.
No wonder thc P. G. E. road is a joke; it is not even a decent cow-trail between  Lillooet and Clinton."
pot of gold was that of the Attorney-General. Their takings before the smash are said to have totalled more than
$100,000.
OUR PETTIFOGGING PREMIER
PREMIER BOWSER declares that his law firm has
nothing to do with the Canadian  Northern  Pacific-
Railway.
He admits on tbe other hand that the famous Bowser,
Reid and Wallbridge concern were the lawyers  for the
Pacific and Grcat Eastern Railway.
ONLY T*HE FIRST CALL
THE six and a half million dollar touch that the Pacific
and Great Eastern Railway have put over at Victoria is only the introductory act to a series of such
raids.
They claimed at first that six and a half million would
be all that was needed to complete to Fort George.
Hon. Thomas Taylor says that it will require $11,500,000
to complete the line to Fort George.
The Government's own engineer made an inspection of
the line and officially reported to a certain personage that
it would require $16,000,000 to complete to Fort George.
It would be better never to complete the road than to.
proceed to mortgage the prospects and hopes of the settlers who will come into this country during thc next twenty years.
One of the amusing features of thc Pacific and Great
Eastern situation is the glibness with which the P. G. E.
chorus sings out the song that the road must be completed.
We are lead to believe that further contributions to the
Pacific and Great Eastern is the only thing that will keep
the country from going to the eternal bowsers.
LAWYERS ARE EXPENSIVE
RECENTLY the complaint was made that tbe lawyers
handling   Dominion   Trust   litigation   were   making
excessive  profits.
Whether this is so the courts are competent to judge.
'I be first law firm that found the Dominion Trust to be a
STARVING AMIDST PLENTY
EVERY morning we pass a certain corner where there
is a big rock pile.    In the pile are stones gathered
for miles about and carted there at the expense of
the municipality.
In the immediate neighborhood of the rock idle there arc
scores of vacant lots and within a half mile there arc several hundred acres of vacant laud not yet sub-divided.
Every morning at the time we pass this certain corner,
a number oi men slouch to the rock pile with little mallets
which resemble golf sticks. They tap those mallets against
thc rocks, breaking off small particles of the rock. In
other words, they lazily apply themselves to the jail-birds
trade���stone-breaking.
One of the < flicials of the municipality said that these
men bad to be kept from starving and so the municipality
bad promoted the stone-breaking work.
The land in the vicinity of thc stone pile is rich and
most of it is cleared. There is one man near there who
grows nearly everything that he and his large family require in the way of food from off a ninety foot lot.
At this season of tbe year the vacant land round about
fairly begs for thc hand of the tiller. It will respond to the
very roughest sort of cultivation. There is enough vacant
land right in that neighborhood to produce sufficient food
for a small sized city.
THE HANDWRITING ON the wall indicates thc early
retirement of the "Little Napoleon" at Victoria to his political St. Helena.
* * *
IN PROHIBITION CIRCLES compensation is considered a rebate for dissipation.
�� * *
ORIENTAL EGGS ARE allagcd to be sold locally as
"fresh ranch." The "Yellow Peril" may be in our midst
without our knowledge.
* * *
THE NEW PORTFOLIO of agricuture in the Provincial Cabinet will naturally call for a man of culture and
unsoiled reputation.
* * *
THE WAY THE "Big 4" is stirring thc animals up in
Victoria must be a distinct shock to thc old members
whose chief duty in the past was to vote yea or nay when
signalled.
* * *
PROBABLY GENERAL SAM HUGHES got his idea ot
tbe shell game from watching the fakers at the countn
fairs manipulate the elusive pea.
* * *
THE LULL IN the bunk cabled by tbe special war cor
respondents is at least a temporary relief to thc weary an.1
suffering reading public.
* * *
UNDER THE NEW street traffic regulations pedestrian
are required to cross the streets at the regular crossing
only.   Jay walkers who do otherwise are legitimate marl
for jitneys and motorcycles.
* * *
IF HOLLAND GOES to war with Germany it will i
seen whether tbe Kaiser can beat tbe Dutch.
* * *
AMERICAN .MILITARY EX PKRTS are uncertain as :
what effect thc reported loss  of General Villa's  leg will
have on bis standing.
is to keep a proper check on the contractor and all his
works. He is there to make as large a profit as possible
and he cannot be blamed if he takes advantage of men
who are only too willing to be taken advantage of. He
bas only to suggest that he will let them know exactly
where be will place bis townsites so that they may "get
in on the ground floor," and they will extol him as a
public benefactor. If crown granted lands are given
away as townsites, to the art of railway construction is
added the art of the real estate agent and it is through the
exploitation of real estate that the harm is done. But now
that it is useless to exploit real estate, perhaps the government will be a little more business like and if it has
to advance money to complete tbe Pacific Great Eastern
it will at least keep some sort of check on the operations
of the Three Musketeers.
���CRITICUS.
A-
HOW THE LIBERALS OF CARIBOO LOOK UPON
THE P. G. E.
recent convention of the Liberals of Yale-Cariboo,
ne of the speakers was Mr. James Murphy, of Ashcroft.    Mr. Murphy referred to thc Pacific and Great
Eastern railway enterprise.    His speech was  reported  in
the  Merritt  HERALD  as  follows:
"James Murphy of Ashcroft, in his remarks, congratulated the gathering upon its choice of officers and believed
that these men would be the means of inducing many who
had heretofore never voted Liberal to do so tbis time, and
be looked for a fairly equal distribution of members between the Liberal party and the Conservative party. The
Bowser party, bc said, bad a regular machine in practically
Harold Nelson Shaw as "Hamlet"
7X\ SATURDAY, APRIL 8, 1916
SATURDAY   CHINOOK
RENTAL LIST
We are having a number of calls for five and seven room
houses, in different parts of thc City. We shall be glad t.. have
your listing-.   Xo charge unless results obtained,   Sec our Rental
Department.
North West Trust Company, Limited
509 Richards Street Seymour 746/
THREE
=f��
1'. M.' :":-::':.i':'   i ��� . '::���- ;,l,'::.::i:.' ^.-i!'!��� ���������������
Municipal Bonds
There is a demand for superior Municipal Bonds because they
can be readily marketed, so your money is not tied up. Yet they
pay the investor well and are a preferred investment suitable for
the most cautious investor.
Write our Bond Dept. for further particulars and latest list.
Canadian Financiers Trust Company
Head Office, 839 Hastings Street West. Vancouver, B.C.
Patrick Donnelly General Manager
llillllH! BI tl[|lill1lllliillIllllllHllimiihlllHli;Hliii;ilill!!H!!ii:i:;"! "^:'i' ��� '.'���|-iMi'i!|.:' o" ;i-,-:-:- _ -���?-r-,:!:y-:;'r-:i:{-;.M.inr'':i1i|'1i:^"fi:*i1i.-'rr:y:
You Need Campbell's Help
To Ship Household Goods
First of all CA.MIMtELL can save you money, in nearly every case, . n
transportation charges.' Second, where you might have trouble in securing
space reservation, CAMPBELL as shipping specialist, has none. Third.
CAMPBELL relieves you of all the detail, all the worry and fuss of shipping. Fourth, the charges are so small you will be surprised, free estimates and information.    Phone Seymour 7360.
Campbell Storage Company
OFFICE:   857 BE ATT Y STREET
Phone Seymour 7360
IliM^
NIMH
fmmaammmttmammBmma
Long Distance
Telephone
Appointments
You can make an appointment at any
time to talk on the long distance telephone.
Tell Central when it will be most convenient for you, and she will arrange to have
the party wanted at that time.
The Scenic Highway Across the Continent
THROUGH TICKETS ISSUED
FROM VANCOUVER TO
ALL PARTS OF THE
WORLD
The Popular Route to the���
OLD COUNTRY
HAWAII
AUSTRALIA
ALASKA
CHINA AND
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^[    JAPAN
Up-to-date Train Service Between Vancouver and the East.
All trains equipped with Standard and Tourist Sleepers.
K
J. MOB, C. P. A, 434 Hastings St., Vancouver.
C. MILLARD, D. T. A., Vancouver.
H. W. BRODIE. Gen. Pass. Agent, Vancouver.
RAIL TICKETS TO ALL POINTS
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Lines
C. B. Jeuney, G. A. P. D.
Phon*: Sey. 8134
W. G. Connolly, C. P. F. A.
527 Grinville Street
PACIFIC GREAT EASTERN
RAILWAY
' In several occasions reference has
been made iu these columns to the
finances of this road. The Province
has already been called upon io pay
an instalment of interest of .qver
$300,1X10. Information has been giv-
enin the legislature by the Minister of
Railways that eleven and one half millions will he required to finish this
roarl from Second Narrows, Vancouver, to Prince George. It is also .stated by lhe Minister that none of lhe
capital stock has been sold.
11 appears al this time as though
the Province will either have io assist further by guarantees, or take the
road over. That we will be asked for
further payments of guaranteed interest is a foregone conclusion. The
promoters of this road haven't put
one dollar of their own money into
it, judging by reliable reports, but, on
lhe other band, the contract to build
lhe road was let to a member of the
Company who has sublet, and, no
doubt, made a handsome profit. Tbe
people of British Columbia arc face
to face with a crisis in tbe history
of this undertaking, and iu our opinion, it is tbe most serious matter confronting the Province at this time.
PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT
BOND SALE
The Provincial Government has recently sold $1,000,000 of 4 1-2 25 years
bonds, falling due April 1st, 1941. This
loan was issued under the Agricultural Credits Act, passed at the last
session of the legislature, and which
is soon to be put into operation. The
issue was sold to Messrs. Mitchell &
Young of Toronto, and the proceeds
will shortly be available for loans to
farmers. It is understood that the
Agricultural Commission will soon
be constituted. The price obtained
by the government is a very favorable
one, netting the government 5.63 per
cent.
BANK OF VANCOUVER LIQUID-
���  ATOR MUST EXHAUST
OTHER ASSETS BEFORE
DOUBLE LIABILITY WILL
BE ENFORCED
The demand made by tbe liquidator
of the Hank of Vancouver that the
six hundred shareholders of that defunct institution be d/eclared liable
under the double liability clause of
the Hank Act for an amount of $1,-
124,729 on their shares, was this week
set aside hy Registrar A. fl. Potten-
ger of lhe supreme court.
This does not mean that there will
be no liability over and above the a-
motint oi the unpaid purchase price.
The registrar decided lhal the demand
under tbe double liability clause must
awail until the liquidator makes
known that the assets from other
sources are insufficient to met I the
liabilities and declares lhe amount
of the shortage.
The registrar placed on the lis! of
contributories all those owing sums
on purchases of slocks. Where the
balance bad been paid for with notes.
interest oil the notes al live per cent,
was charged. Where no notes had
been given the ten per cent, penalty
provided in the Bank Act was enforced. Xo other penalties were asked for.
* * *
DOMINION LOANS
From April 1st next until March
31st, 1917, the Dominion government
will have to raise by way of loans
from $200,000,000 to $225,000,000. Tbe
loan now being negotiated in Xew
York will account for $75,000,000.
Taking tbe maximum possible re-
puirements of $225,000,000, there will
still have to be raised during the
coming fiscal year $150,OtXl,(XKI. It
is gen rally understood that assurances will be given by the federal
government in connection with the
present $75,000,000 loan that no further offering will bc made in the
United States during the current calendar year. This will have the effect of popularizing tbe new securities. While Sir Thomas White has
made an arrangement by which he
can  draw upon  an  authorized  credit
of $150,IXXJ,(XJ0 established by the Imperial government, tbe Dominion government will endeavor to utilize this
credit as little as possible, if at all.
Supposing then, wc voluntarily close
the United States money markets
against our federal loans after the
flotation of the present $75,000,000 issue for lhe rest of the year 1916, and
supposing we do not draw upon the
credit which the Imperial authorities
have provided, there will be left to be
raised by way of loans, in Canada during 1916, and in the United States during ihe first quarter of 1917, $150,-
000,000.
Naturally, Sir Thomas has not told
of bis plans for future financing, but
he did say tbis much: "In my view,
we shall require at a later dale, many
months from now���possibly towards
tbe end of the year���lo borrow further amounts, possibly in Canada."
In view of this statement and of the
fact that tbe Canadian bankers have
just advanced $75,000,000 as a credit
lure on behalf of the British authorities for munition purchases, there
is not likely to be a Dominion loan
until next fall. The loan then may
be one "of from $50,000,000 to $75,-
IHIO.IXKI. That would leave a loan of
from $100,000,000 to $75,000,000 still to
be raised in order to make up the
total loan requirements for the fiscal
year. This loan might be raised in
Xew  Vork about a year hence.
Ill the meantime we may expect
to hear something of the government's proposed issues of debenture
stock in small denominations. These
are to be made between public offerings. It might be a good plan to
lime lhe first of these issues for June,
when holders of the Dominion war
loan could, if desired, invest in lhe
debenture stoek all or part of their
first interest receipts on account of
the war loan.���Monetary Times.
INGLE
COAL
Always Mined by Union
White Labor
Coast Lumber & Fuel Co., Ltd.
Phone Fair. 2500    Phone High. 226    Phone Fraser 4!
-piHBHHMBHBHHHHB        I
Northern Securities Limited
Established 1906
529 PENDER STREET WEST
Seymour 1574   I
FINANCIAL AGENTS. ESTATE MANAGERS   I
FOR   EXCHANGE
A   BEAUTIFUL   SUBURBAN   HOME  .*,--J
1
Situated on 2 acres of highly improved land with shrubs and small   |
fruits.    Stable and Oarage; House  111 rooms and modern  throughout.   IB
Will take West hind house in exchange.
LIVE STOCK AUCTION MART
FOR FRASER VALLEY  AND
VANCOUVER
Memorandum   of   Particulars   of   the
Proposal
1  B. GEO. HANSULT)        -        -        -        - *      -        -       Manager   jj
ll:'.: .,.'���,.:,:: ^.y-ivvy:::,-, ���;\:,,.:;:.:,::..::::yy/.::_,.,,', :,;y:i.i:.;.:,::;,. ,:; ;^
THE VERNON FEED CO.
MOUNT   PLEASANT,   COLLINGWOOD and SO. VANCOUVER
DEALERS IN     ���
Poultry Supplies, Hay, Grain and Feed
CHICK FEED
LAWN SEED
FERTILIZER
SEED POTATOES
PHONES: Fairmont 186���878
PHONEl SEV. 900
MacDONALD & HAY
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver. B.O
To establish an auction mart for
the sale of live stock at a point convenient for tbe farmer throughout the
Eraser Valley and also convenient to
thc City of Vancouver is an object of
grcat importance and that will have
far-reaching beneficial results. It
would in the first place and chiefly
be a medium for the sale by the farmers to the butchers of fat stock, cattle, sheep or pigs, and make it possible for the butcher doing a small business to buy mi the same terms as ihc
large corporations. The cost cf sale
and delivery through this medium
would be reduced to a minimum and
thereby it would benefit both producer and the consumer. This would
be still further promoted by establishing on the sale ground a public
abhaloir with cold storage to be operated for the benefit uf those butchers who have not abbatoirs of their
own. There would be ample business
for a weekly fat stock market. Inl
the second place such a mart would
bc a most valuable medium for the
sale among the farmers themselves "i
horses and store or dairy stock; for
dispersion sales; and for tbe sale and
distribution of imported thorough
bred stoek. For these purposes a
monthly market would for a time suffice, but it would be an easy and inexpensive matter to convene a sale
there at any time. As a location for
such a mart there is for sale at present an area of 25 1-2 acres of good
level land, nearly all in cultivation in
South Vancouver, on the North Arm
of the Fraser River, which has a frontage on the River Road, and is traversed by the B. C. Electric Railway.
The clearing and other improvements
including a good dwelling bouse, on
this property have cost about $8000,
The whole is ofefred for the sum of
$55,000, being less than one-half what
it was sold for three years ago. This
price can be paid by one-fifth cash
and the balance spread over 10 years
or by 30 year municipal 5 per cent,
bonds. It is ideally located for tbe
purpose in view, and it is of ample
magnitude for all purposes.
The structures necessary to equip
the property for the enterprise in a
modest way, including wharfage, ab-
battoir, cold storage, sale ring, barns
and fencing, will cost front $25,000 to
$30,000.
Tbe  chief advantages  of  this   loca
tion are:���
1. The River frontage and the
tramway service, steamboat and tram
DOG BISCUITS
CANARY SEED
PIGEON FEED
Fraser 175 and Collingwood 153
I
Two Dollars  a Year
In tbe past the SATURDAY CHINOOK
has gone out at One Dollar per year. War
conditions make it necessary to increase tbe
subscription rate from tbis date forward tc
Two Dollars per year, delivered to your home
any place in the Province of British Columbia
or the Dominion of Canada.
THE   PUBLISHERS
way transportation are by far tbe best
for tbe farmer's requirements, and
special tramway and steamboat services can always be arranged for with
little trouble. This is the most essential factor to be kept in view. Delays
and transhipments arc always to be
avoided as causing heavy losses and
costs.
2. Il is a convenient distance from
the City of Vancouver and suburbs,
which can be easily reached by either
road or rail. Thc stock can be handled with the utmost facility without
danger; and tbe abbatoir on the river
bank would be easily kept perfectly
clean  an  deool  at all  seasons,  and
3. From tbis point cither carcases
or live slock can conveniently be
shipped lo any part of the Province
at a minimum of expense.
It is not too much to assume that
the business overturn at such a mart
would very soon bc $30,000 per month
on all classes of stock. A five per
cent, commission on that sum would
pay all running expenses and leave a
large margin for payment of loan and
profit.
When the market is established on
a good permanent basis, fat stock
would assuredly be consigned to it
from the ranges in the outlying districts of the Province and from Alberta; and by having the abbattoir
there it may even bc possible to sell
meat direct to shipping companies
and for the Northern trade.
ALEX.  PHILIP;
104 Esplanade West,  Xo.  Vancouver.
PANTAGEC
1
UNEQUALLED        %J
VAUDEVILLE
Phone  Seymour  3406
WEEK OF APRIL  10TH
Mrs. Bob
Fitzsimmons
WITH THE LATEST IN
SONGS
Three times daily, 2.45, 7.15, 9.15
Matinee, 15c; Night, 15c & 25c
r^p**jffl*flwfl^!iyr*'*ft' ^
^���
F��WR
SATURDAY   CHINOOK
SATURDAY, APRIL 8, 1916
COMING! 1000-IRON WEEK
it pur showroom demon-
aiul Hastings, and 1138
May we see y<>u
strations at Carrall
Granville Street
NEXT MONDAY. APRIL  10TH, AND
THROUGHOUT THE ENTIRE WEEK?
In order to convince you that a comfortable home may be obtained by the extended
use of the ELECTRIC SERVICE
AN EXTRAORDINARY BARGAIN IS
BEING OFFERED
Carrall  Street  is worth
I >ur new  indirect  illumination  at
inspection.
Special   features,   including music
Carrall and Hastings Sis.
1138 Granville St., near Davie
during entire   weel
Phone Seymour
5000
Phone Seymour 9086
WE   HAVE
Applications every  day
for 5 to 7 roomed
, HOUSES
FOR RENT
Send us.your Listing
DOW FRASER
TRUST CO.
122 HASTINGS STREET W.
'  E,1��HUW  IB9i
" R��
"
Imrd So.icc
CENTER &  HANNA
LIMITED
N.w Ur.lion.
I'irrpinol  Col
040 Gri���H1��  Stir
Y MC. A.
ml..rmm .nil H-
H.  op
nvinw
V.lllll
IVn D��v ni.1 Nil
n
S-v   M2'
Classified Advertising
Phone Highland 137
Grandview Hospital
1090 VICTORIA DRIVE
VANCOUVER     -     B.C.
Medical : Surgical : Maternity
Rates  from  $15.00  per  week
FLORISTS
Shakespeare and the School Children
B
���
I
BROWN BROS. & CO., LIMITED,
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, 48
Hastings St. E., and 782 Granville
Street, Vancouver, B. C.
WATCHMAKER
10,000 WATCHES and CLOCKS
wanted to clean and repair at the
factory, 438 RICHARDS STREET.
MONEY TO LOAN
MONEY LOANED, DIAMONDS,
Jewelry, etc. A quiet, respectable,
reliable place to bortow money.
Old gold bought. Established 1905.
Star Loan Co., 812 Hastings West.
STOVE    REPAIRS
DON'T THROW YOUR OLD
Stove away. We handle castings and
repairs to fit any stove or range.���
FRANKS, 44 Water Street.
IllllllP!
Those Who Run May
"iiiiiii
Read
The Dominion Glazed Cement Pipe Co.'s inacbinc-madc Sewer
Pipe, put under test by The Robt. W. Hunt Co., Ltd., a pipe, 10
inches internal diameter, being subjected to two days' drying in an
oven, then immersed in water for 24 hours.    Result���
Weight before immersion 105J4 pounds
Weight after immersion 106     pounds
Difference equals J^-pound of water, or .48 of 1 per cent.
CRUSHING TEST
On the same pipe after being subjected to the above���crushed
at 29,200 pounds.
DOMINION GLAZED CEMENT PIPE CO., LTD.
Office: Dominion Building, Vancouver, B.C. Phone Sey. 8286
IBB!,,:
	
nil
PliliiliS
As a type of (be addressi s which
have been given to lhe Vancouver
school children ibis week, we prim
the address given al lhe hairview
School by .Mr. frank Forsler.
My dear young friends, ���
I have been asked to deliver to
you a sborl talk on Shakespeare, who
died on April 23, St. Georges Day,-,
three hundred years ago, and 1 think
when we remember the struggle that
is now going on in Europe and which
is being acutely felt here and indeed
iu every part of the world, the struggle for freedom against tyranny, it is
the patriotism of Slutkespcarc tllat
comes uppermost in our minds. For,
as another great poet of our race,
William   Wordsworth,  has  said:
"Wc must bc free or die,
Who speak the tongue that Shakespeare spake."
For tbe whole of Shakespeare's
work breathes a love of freedom; a
patriotism in its best and greatest
sense. We must remember that in
thc time iu which most of bis plays
were written, England and Scotland
bad not become one nation. Yet he
speaks with fairness and respect of
thc valor of Douglas thc Scotsman, as
be docs of Hotspur thc Englishman
in Henry IV. And in that most amusing scene where Hotspur and Glen-
dower quarrel over the division of
England���to bc made when they get
it, which they never do���we may
laugh at the railing wit of tbe Englishman, but wc admire thc dignity
of the Welshman. And King Henry
V. says to Fluelleh, "I am Welsh, you
know, good countryman," whereupon
that courageous, hot-tempered soldier
answers, "All tbe water in the Wye
cannot wash your majesty's Welsh
I blood out of your body." For King
Henry was Prince of Wales, you
know, before he was King of England.
And Shakespeare makes less of the
victories over the gallant gentlemen
of France than bc rejoices in their
being done with, so tllat English and
French may receive each other as
fellow countrymen.
Shakespeare's patriotism is of thc
truest and purest. On occasion be
shows us that it is a great and noble
thing to die for one's country. Rut
1 think that what we learn more often from him that it is a greater and
nobler thing to live for her: which is
really remarkable, because he lived
in an age when the trade of a soldier was estimated much higher than
it is now; indeed, it was considered
thc only profession that a man of gentle birth could follow. War with us
now is a terrible and stern necessity.
So while tbe boys among you will,
when you grow up. no doubt, be ready
to fight if your country needs you,
you niay never be obliged to. Hut
you will all, both boys and git Is, have
duties to discharge as citizens, and
you can show your patriotism in years
of. heroicc life even if you never have
the chance lo do so in a moment of
hemic death. Shakespeare could allow for the high spirits of youngsters;
indeed, judged by our modern ideas.
be might bc supposed to have allowed
too much, You remember that most
laughable   slorv   of   I'riuce   Hal   and
FAITH and WORKS
The law forbids the sale of liquor and cigarettes
to minors, but it does not restrain newspapers from going into respectable homes and soliciting thc patronage of tbe boys and girls with
flaring and alluring advertisements!
Careful firesides must rely, therefore, upon newspapers that voluntarily banish liquor and cigarettes, those great
enemies of youthful strength and purity, from their columns.
In the campaign for saloonless slate it is vital that
the forces of temperance cast the entire weight of their influence
against the wets.
Their subscription order for a newspaper is a vote
for or against liquor, according as,the advertising columns of that
newspaper are for or against liquor.
The Saturday Chinook is against the selling and
distributing of liquor and cigarettes to minors through its advertising
columns.
For true temperance should begin at home and
with the Home Newspaper.
Delivered at
your door for
$2.00 a year.
Phone Seymour 470.
The Saturday Chinook
I'oins, and Imw they attacked Jack
halstaff and bis company in the dark,
afterwards drawing him Oil to say
he had fought with more than fifty
instead of two. It was rough and
somewhat lawless joking, but people
in those days were full of high spirits
and Prince Hal often behaved like
an overgrown boy. Yet Shakespeare
4pqw4nui: remind us that bc is only
trifling for a time; that he allows
these escapades to obscure the better
part of himself as the clouds do the.
sun but for a little while. Better still
bc proves it; he throws aside his follies while Falstaff, who has become
old in them, shows himself a coward
when put to the test. And again towards the end of thc play, Shakespeare has reminded us how much
there is to be done for one's country
and that wc^must not give too much
time to sport, good as it is in its
place, lie has made the gallant Hotspur give us this advice:
"O gentlemen the time of life is short,
To spend that shortness basely were
too long,
If life did ride upon a dial's point
Still ending at the arrival of an hour.'
So you, boys and girls, remember:
with all tbe other boys and girls in
this! grcat nation of ours from the
Falkland Islands to Baffin's Bay, in
Australasia and South Africa, and in
thc Fiji Islands even, as Mr. Kipling
says: "To the last least lump of coral,
that none may stand outside," remember, that the future of this grcat empire is in your keeping. It is going to
be what you (and these others) make
it. Never in the history of tbe world
has there been such a glorious, such
a tremendous task laid upon the shoulders of one generation.
And if you fail of this grcat trust
that bas fallen to your lot, ah I who
shall say what may happen. For
though the ending of tbis war will
place us���the English-speaking people of the world���in a position of power that no sane man has ever
thought of one nation possessing (you
sec, 1 am not taking tbe German emperor into consideration), we cannot
maintain that position without effort.
In humility; in service to others; in
work unceasing for tbe world's good���
in honor must we maintain it, not in
overbearing,   for   as   Hamlet     says:
"Rightly to be great
Is not to stir without great argument,
But greatly to find quarrel in a straw
When honor's at tbe stake,"
remembering what is meant by honor:
which does not consist in sensitive
vanity concerning our own dignity,
but that honor which will not allow
us to stand idly by and see a small nation cruelly entreated or a treaty
torn up because ils terms have become inconvenient. I will not urge
you to be courageous: 1 know you
will be that; but I will utter a warning that you take care to bc watchful and temperate and just. For we
can go to Hamlet again and find bow
be   speaks   of   self-indulgence   of   bis
countryman us
"A custom
More honored in the breach than tbe
observance,
This revel
ll takes from our achievements
The   pith  and  marrow  of. our  attri-
1    bute."
is for acting in the way it has done:
reasons of which we know nothing.
In any ease, remember thai a true
patriot can always respect the patriotism of another. Never suppose
tllat you can show respect for lhe Bri
tish flag by showing disrespect for
any other flag, particularly for the
flag of neutral nations and still more
particularly fo that of a nation speaking our own,.speech and governed
by laws ;iliii<j0>Tur same as and derived from olir,own. W'e are living, and
shall cotitinJULto live, close neighbors
with one hundred millions of Americans; for one hundred years we have
been at peace with them. Part of
your duty towards the Empire is to
make that peace a lasting one. With
the Empire and America determined
for peace, who shall dare to break it.
There is no bitterer feeling than that
which rises in tbe heart at bearing
one's country insulted and being unable to resent it. Let ns take care
not to rouse that feeling iu the hearts
of those living among us.
And the easiest way to avoid doing
injustice to others, is to do our own
work honestly and] truly; even
Shakespeare never said anything more
true than
"To thine own self be true,
And it must follow as the night the
day,
Thou canst not then be false to any
man."
CORRESPONDENCE
111
���HI
And (to bc fair with our enemy and
ourselves) it is true that we had as
a nation fallen into a carelessness and
luxury that generally precedes disaster.
Many years ago, when I was but
little older than you who are now
here, -a very wise old Frenchman
named Ernest Renan, in speaking to
some students, regretted that he could
not hope to sec tbe things that they
would live to sec. And you, my young
friends here, will live to see and take
part in many great and wonderful
things after my time: remember that
you be worthy of them.
Now, I have left one important
thing to the last. Part of the great
English-speaking people: those who
live south of the border line, are taking no active part in the fearful struggle that is going on today. But they
are, very nearly all of them, our
friends and sympathizers, thousands
of them have enlisted in tbe Allied
armies and are fighting for our cause.
Now I want you, if you forget everything else I have said, to remember
that Americans are just as patriotic
as wc are and have just as much respect for their flag. Their government
has not actually engaged in this war
but that government no doubt has rea-
To the Editor of thc
SATURDAY CHINOOK:
Re STATE COMPENSATION
INSURANCE
I have just returned from Victoria
where, at the invitation of Premier
Bowser, I had the honor of addressing the executive council of tbe government protesting against the state
fund feature of the Workmen's Compensation Bill, which is now under
consideration. The following facts
were pointed out:���
1. That practically all employers
wanted insurance in stock insurance
companies because under that plan
they knew what the insurance would
cost them and all they bad to do
was to pay the premium and be done
with it. Tlie state fund would be
purely assessmentism ��� the Government could at any time levy assessments and the employers would never know what their outstanding liabilities were. This state plan was
merely pseudo-insurance. For instance,   in   West  Virginia,   tbe   heavy
mibe losses made the fund bankrupt,
The state made another assessment
on the mine owners. Even this assessment was not sufficient and they
made another assessment and after
that another assessment until these
assessments became so onerous and
burdensome that the mine owners
rose in arms and positively refused
to pay any more. The state officials
then said that they would allow them
to withdraw from the fund if they
paid all the losses which were outstanding, if they contributed an extra
amount to meet the additional catastrophe hazard, if they also contributed another amount to meet tbe administration expenses ami} in addition put up-another amount as a reserve. In other words, Ibis plan would
be like the proverbial church fair���
it would cost nothing to get in but
all you have to get out.
2. It was also pointed out that under the state plan there could not be
any differentiation iu regard tu the
individual hazard in each plant. For
instance, the man who operated his
saw mill in an efficient way, employing the best class of foremen and buying all the latest machinery with the
most up-to-date protective devices to
prevent thc occurrence ' of accident,
would have to contribute exactly the
same assessments as thc negligent
employer who had old machinery and
did not care whether accidents happened or not.
3. It was also pointed out that under the state plan there would be an
impossible situation created during a
period of depression. The Rill provides a life long pension for each
widow and for every man who is permanently incapacitated. These years
a very large amount of money would
have to be paid out in pensions. Bear
in mind that each trade has to -lay
these pensions separately. When a
period of depression occurs the payrolls are very small, but still these
pensioners have to be paid under this
government plan. Who will pay them?
The trouble with these state funds is
that they start charging a small as
sessment and  this  assessment  grows
tbis state plan would give rise to the
creation of a large number of illegitimate limited liability companies with
no assets, so tliat wile nanv large assessments were made these illegitimate joint slock companies would
imply wind up and thus escape these
assessments. The burden would then
fall on Ihe responsible concerns who
would have to make up tbe deficiency.
5. 11 was also pointed out that ntrior the stale plan an employer could
never know what bis outstanding liabilities were. At any moment there
might be a catastrophe in some other
plant anil be would have to pay a
huge  assessment  to   meet   the  losses
casioncd by ibis catastrophe. The
greatest danger is the insiduous, lurking danger. It is always hovering
around like Banquo's ghost. The result is that all these firms employing
labor will be faced with this unknown
liability for which they could not possibly provide any reserve, and tbe
banks will, as a consequence, be chary
of giving them financial accommodations. An unknown and incalculable
danger of tbis description is enough
to impair the financial credit of any
institution.
6. If carried to its logical conclusion tbis invasion of private rights on
the part of tbe government would ultimately undermine, if not destroy altogether, not only the insurance business, but private enterprise of all
kinds. It would throttle new industries and scare away from the province the additional capital that is so
imperatively required to develop the
resources that arc lying at our very
doors.
7. It was also pointed out that
I state insurance would bc a very hazardous experiment. Wherever it had
been tried it bad failed miserably but
whilst the experiment had been going
ou it had created chaos a"nd demoralization.
The Government solicitor in his reply stated that tbe only firm or company which bad appeared before thc
Commission in Vancouver to protest
against tbis state fund was the Dunsmuir Collieries. From that fact he
very erroneously argued that all the
other employers of labor in the province must bc in favor of it. We arc
to submit another petition to the Government and we should like to be able to enclose letters from all tbe representative institutions giving their
opinion on tbis matter. It would,
therefore, please me very much if you
would bc kind enough, at your earliest convenience, to let me have an expression of your views. You can
quite understand that a radical departure o( this nature is of limitless
importance to your esteemed firm
and to the welfare of the province, and
concerted action is urgently needed
if the corporate interests of British
Columbia are not to be made to suffer irremediably.
Yours very truly,
A.   S.   MATTHEWS.
WESTMINSTER CHURCH
Communion service will be held
next Sunday morning at eleven a.m.
Iu the evening a sermon entitled "If
I were Prime Minister," will be delivered by the pastor, Rev. J. Richmond
Craig.
PANTAGES  THEATRE
Next week at the popular vaudeville
the management have arranged another of their feature bills. Mrs. Bob
Fitzsimmons, one of thc most popular vaudeville singers, with a new"
repertoire of songs.
The Sunset Six arc a bevy of beau-
tics who charm thc car with their
beanlifUl music, and arc all artists in
their various instruments. Joe Fan-
ton and Co. present "A Garden of
Surprises." James Morton, a monologue comcdian,"Riildington &. Grant,
Knights of the Road, and Gordon Ed-
drid & Co. in a laughing novelty,
"Won by a Leg." Commencing the
week of April 17th, a serial entitled
"The Iron Claw," the greatest mystery .film ever produced, will bc prc-
bigger  month after month,  and year | sented.
after year as thc pensioners are ad
ded to the list.    After six or seve
years   the  assessments    become
heavy that the employers rise up I
arms  and  a  situation  is created  e
actly similar to the situation in We
Virginia.
RENNIE'S SEEDS
II.RS   KUR  Sli
11,--  AND  MIR
4.   It was further pointed out that
SEYMOUR   8550
Wm- RENNIE Co. Limited
i I is  HOMKR  $T VANCOI.'VKR
A
.���"NA iATURDAY, APRIL 8, 1016
SATURDAY    CHINOOK
FIVE
LOAF CAKE
Two eggs, one cup sugar, one hall
cup butter one*half cup milk or cream
two even teaspoons cream of lartar.
one even teaspoon soda, two cups
flour, one cup raisins, one quarter cup
mixed peel, one cup chopped nuts.
one teaspoon vanilla.
Cream, bul ter and sugar, beat ill
eggs, melt soda in milk and and cream
of tartar well sifted in the flour. \dd
raisins, peel, nuts and flavoring. Pour
in buttered cake tin and bake in moderate oven. By omitting raisins, peel
and nuts, and adding one-third cup
of caraway seeds instead, the above
mixture makes a delicious seed cake.
* + *
WHAT CARBONATE OF SODA
WILL DO
A pinch of carbonate in the water in
which kail or cabbage is boiling improves the color and the flavor of the
vegetables; also, a pinch amongst
stewing rhubarb kills the acid, and
much less sugar is required.
A little carbonate when washing
dishes and glasses gives them a beautiful  gloss.
A cloth dipped in dry carbonate polishes windows, lamp glasses, etc.
Carbonate takes away burnt and discolored marks from enamel ware, tin
and metal.
When stung by bees or wasps, a little carbonate rubbed into the sting
prevents  inflammation.
A small quantity of carbonate a-
mongst hot water is very beneficial
in cases of flatulence, heartburn, and
indigestion. If added a little lemon
juice and sugar, it makes a most palatable drink.
* * *
A HANDY TABLE
A table of weights and measures
for kitchen use is a very great help,
and often a time-saver, too,
4 large cupfuls liquid equal 1 quart.
2 large cupftlls liquid equal  1  pint.
4 teacupfuls flour equal   I   Ib.
3 cupfuls oatmeal equal  1  lb.
2 cupfuls granulated sugar equal 1
lb.
1   teas] oonl'ul butter equals 1 oz.
1 heaped tablespoonful sugar equals
1   OZ.
2 tablespoonfuls of flour equal 1 oz.
2 tablespoonfuls coffee .equal  1  oz.
2   teaspoonfllls   liquid   equal   1   dessert-spoonful.
2 dessertspoonfuls equal 1 table-
spoonful.
6 tablespoonfuls equal  1  teacupful.
Butter the size of an egg equals 2
oz.
* * *
DECORATIVE WINDOW BOXES
The average window-box. which is
kept filled by lhe florist, and does not
reflect thc mind of the people within
the bouse, is not what 1 am going to
write about in this article. Instructions for filling that particular type
of window-box can be found in any
book on gardening, and for the matter of that, in tbe columns of many
daily papers.
I always like a window-box to be
some reflection of the creative force
as exercised by the men and women
who live behind the windows which
look out upon the window boxes, To
fill the boxes with red, white and blue
flowers is an effect easily achieved,
but under thc present conditions I
am afraid the owners of patriotic
window-boxes will have a difficult
task to represent the colors of all the
Allies'  flags.
A window-box should represent to
me a miniature garden, and I ain not
sure that I would not have tbe prettiest side facing towards the room
itself, though the outside should be
almost as pretty, for well-filled window-boxes give immense pleasure to
passers-by, and arc often a silent injunction to them to "Go and do thou
likewise."    A pretty window-box can
Here Are the Standardbearers
Complete List of Candidates Thus Far Nominated
for Provincial Election.
Below will be found a tabulated list of all the ccnslituencies which
have   nominated   iheir   candidates   for   the   coming   provincial   parliamentary elections, along wilh the names of the gentlemen who are to
represent their different parties
Constituency.     Liberal.
Conservative.
Labor &  Ind.
Conservative.
Alberni       H. C.  Brewster   J. G. C. Wood
Atlin    Frank  Mobley        H.   E.   Young
Cariboo    J.  Yorston
Chilliwack   .- E. D. Barrow
Cowichan     ...	
Columbia John Buc.kam
Comox Hugh Stewart
Cranbrook   ..Dr. J.  H. King
Delta A.  D.  Patterson
Dewdney  ...John Oliver
Esquimalt i	
Fort George. .jG. A. Gaskell
Femie   	
Greenwood	
Grand  Forks.
Islands	
Kamloops F. W. Anderson
. John Keen
J. B.  Bryson
A. M. Johnson
Kaslo __
Lillooet   	
Nelson	
Nanaimo
No.Okanagan
So. Okanagan
Newcastle	
N.Westminster
Omineca	
Revelstoke	
Rossland	
Richmond	
Saanich	
Similkameen	
Skeena 	
Slocan  	
No. Vancouver
So. Vancouver
Trail	
Vancouver  __
J. A. Fraser
S. A. Cawley
\V.   II.   Hayward
Dr.   Taylor
M.  Manson
F. D. Caven
F.  J.   Mackenzie
W. J. Manaon
R.  H.  Pooley
I G. A. Hamilton
|A. I.  Fisher W. R. Ross
Dr. C. D. McLean J.  R. Jackson
|J.  E. Thompson.   E. Miller
M. B. Jackson      W. W. Foster
I J. P. Shaw
Neil Mackay	
i Archie McDonald
W.  R. Maclean
A.  E.  Planta
Price Ellison
Mayor Jones
Dr. Doier
H.'wr'Maynard
Dr. K. McDonald
Leslie V.  Rogers
David Whiteside
A.  M.   Manson
iDr.   Sutherland
W. D. Willson
|G. G. McGeer
J. H. Haw'waite
Basil Gardom
Victoria
F. M.  Dockrill
Hon.  T.  Taylor
L.   A.   Campbell
... ~      IW. J. Baird
F. A.  Pauline    iD. M. Eberts
R. S. Conkling     L W. Shatford
T. D. Pattulo      Wm.  Manson
Chas.   F.   Nelson   W.   Hunter
Mayor  Hanes G. H. Morden.
|j. W. Weart Comm'r Campbell
Michael Sullivan !jas. A. Schofield
Ralph Smith W. J. Bowser
|M. A. Macdonald C.  E.  Tisdall
IP. Donnelly jA. J. Welsh
Dr. Mcintosh        ;Walter  Leek
J. S. Cowper        A. H. Macgowan
J. W. deB. Farris  Thos.  Duke
:H. C. Brewster    .Mr. Flumerfelt
John Hart
IR. H.  Neelands
W. R. Trotter
J. W. Wilkinson
J. H. McVety
J. E. Wilton
F. A. Hoover
F.. Welsh
ij. H. Haw'waite
JA.  J.  Morley
j George Bell
H. C. Hall
Yale    jjoseph  Wallers
Alex. Lucas
' Socialist candidates have been nominated as follows: Newcastle,
Parker Williams; Comox, J. A. Macdonald* North Vancouver. W.
Bennett; Fort George. John Mclnnes; Slocan E. T. Kingsley: Ferme,
T. O'Connor; Vancouver, J. Harrington, J. Sidaway, C, LestorV W.
A. Prirchard. J. Kavanagh, W. W. Lefeaux; Victoria. P. Williams.
Social Democrats in South Vancouver, Ernest Burns.
bring so mui h pleasur into thc life
of a woman living in ihe heart of a
town, or in a flat where '.here is not
an inch of room that i m be called a
garden.
\\ indow boxes are n< ei tarilj -���nail
and this must make ;, window-box
garden quite restri, o i as n rards
what . .in be grown in ii I-', i myself
I prefer having Illy plants iu pots,
then they can be brought oul when'
growi to an effective stage, and then
embedded in thc mould if the window
garden.     In  this  way  a  plant   can  he
| removed as soon ,-,s it has finished
flowering without harming the resl
of tl ������ plain-. Bright-col ired annuals
an- Iways pretty, and make a good
show, while iheir mots being short,
the)  mow well in a    ery small space, j
I I haw seen wonder- doni with cattail creeper trailing around the window and hanging over the front, while
scarlet geraniums in pots filled up
the entre. The colors were intensely vivid, il is true, but they brought
joj usness and light into a liny room
that was shut off from the sun. although the hitler shone brightly a-
cross the projecting window boxes,
i Ither plants which flourish well in
sunny window boxes are petunias, ivy-'
leaf geraniums, double violas,  tobac-j
ICO plants, single and double lobelias,
violas and marguerites.
Apart from the beauty of the win-1
d.ow box and its contents, there is another side to its utility. One friend
"i mine has quite a small garden in
the window boxes at the back of her
flat. Here she grows many small
saladings, and some gay scarlet runner plants add color, and every now
and then a good dish full of beans for
dinner. Herbs and such small things
grow beautifully in window boxes,
and arc always useful to the thrifty
housewife.
# * *
GRANDMA'S STORY
"Daddy says be is going to buy us
a pony, Grandma," said Jack; "and
then wc can take you for a ride."
"Did you ever have a pony of your
own, Grandma," asked Jimmie.
"Yes, indeed, I did," said Grandma,
"and a very clever pony be was, too.
When I was a little girl father used
to drive an old gray horse called Nell.]"!
We children loved Nell for she was
very gentle, and when we found a
little colt in Nell's stall one morning
you may be sure we were very happy.
He was a dear little fellow, just as
black as could be, with one white star
just above his eyes and we children
called   him   Nigger.
"Now Xigger was a wonderful colt
for lie was fond of doing tricks. I
have often thought since that he
could have been trained to make a
fine circus horse for he found great i
delight in doing all kinds of funny
things.
"1 remember one day the hired man '
was mending a fence and Nigger came
Up behind him and grabbed tlie man's
hat  iu   liis  teeth ami  away  he  ran   t
! the  other end  of  the  pasture.    My,
j how ve children laughed.    Milo . the
I hired man, ran aftri* Nigger, but   he
dodged around just like you children
j do  when  playing  tag.
"Mike had quite a lime getting his
hat and Xigger seemed so proud as
if he thought himself very clever indeed.
"( im day Xigger came int" tbe yard
where the clothes were hanging on
the line and what do you suppose he
did. He pulled every peg out of lhe
clothes and lei them drop down in
the dirt. Mother came out of thc
kitchen door just as Nigger was taking the last pegs out or no one would
have known who did it Por no one
would dream of a pony doing things
like that. After wc took care Nigger never got in the yard again."
Successful and won the clothe- brush,
which was offered as second prize.
Mr. E. Collinger took the booby
prize wilh a score of <j4.
Mr. Arthur l.oldi-y. the SOI iety'
president, was in charge of the whist
drive and al-o presented the prizes
io the successful c mtestants, the
floor stewards were Messrs. II.
Whitehead and T. Devine who conducted both lhe vvliist drive and
dance in a highly efficient manner.
The Xforgan-Guild [orchestra enlivened lhe supper proceedings wilh a
trio of  well  rendered  patriotic  selec
tions . and the dance programme that
occupied   the   latter   part   of   the   ev-
ening, nave a high class programme
oi danci music thai brought forth several encori -
1 Im of thi two final whist drives
aud dance- on the Yorkshire Society's
present season's programme will be
given in the I I'Brien I [all, on Thursday. \pnl i.Mi. ihe grand final even!   to be held  April 27th.
The competitions in this season's
inter-club whist aid cribbagc tournament have been 11 ry close and inler-
esting,   ami   upon   the   result      I    thi
final   round   oi  whist   to  be   played.  :
lhe rooms of tbe I!. C. Electric Soci !
Club on Tuesday, depends tin destir
alii u of both the Tisdall Cup for whist
ind lin   Neb.,n Cup for grand aggre-
gati      ii;   iln   whisl   competition   the
Yorkshire Society have the lead of 1
p ut -ver Wilberforce Lodge Soni
England],   wiih   ihe    72nd     Seaforl
Highlanders in third place and also
the running; in ihe grand aggrei
lhe   Yorkshire   Society  are  al-o   lead-
Vilberforce Lodge by one point
..nli  iln-  I..  0,  I..   Moose  i nl)   one
ii  ���   behind  Wilberforce.
Notable Values for Week End
Shoppers
A chance for "Chinook" readers to save money on their purchases, and at the
same time to shop in the most comfortable store in Western Canada.
. I
YORKSHIRE SOCIETY'S WHIST
DRIVE
The series of social whist drives
and dances that the Yorkshire Society have been giving every alternate
Thursday since lasi September is now
rapidly approaching conclusion, only
two more of these highly popular and
successful evenings remaining. Tbe
sixteenth social event the society has
held this season was held in the O'Brien Hall, on Thursday evening and
took the form of a whist drive and
dance, which form of amusement under tbe perfected organization and
control of a bard-working coterie of
the society's officials,*bas become very
popular with the younger population
of Greater Vancouver.
Competition for the six prizes given by the society was very keen; for
the ladies' prize there was a tie of
96 points between Mrs. J. C. Greenwood and Miss Macpherson, in the resulting cut Miss Macpherson was successful and took, the first prize, consisting of a silver fruit dish, Mrs.
Greenwood's prize being an ebony
bat brush. Miss Drummond, with a
score of 63, took the consolation prize,
a very life-like duck. Mr. C. H. Willis won a pretty little clock as first
gent.'s prize, with a record score of
99, thc next highest total was SS, made
by both Mr. M. Kirtley and Mr. J.
Barnes,  in  the  cut  Mr.  Kirtley  was
Our Easy Payment Plan
of House-furnishing
should not be confused with any other form of credit
system, for under tbis system you can buy at net
cash prices. Accounts opened at from $25.00 upwards. Whether you need much or little, come in
and talk the matter over.
Oak Buffet, regular $28 value, for $19.95
���in fumed or golden finish, specially constructed
and well finished.    A bargain.
Quartered Oak Diners, regular $26.50
Sets to Sell for $19.95
���fumed or golden finished, with boxed  frame, and
genuine leather or cane seats. A bargain at $19.95
��� Fifth   Floor,  Xew Store
Stair and Passage, regular 20c yard
value for 12 l-2c
���IK inches wide,  makes an  excellent  protector  ior
carpets.     Conies   in   good   patterns  and   colors,   and
will give good wear and satisfaction,
Per   yard    12   C
A Wonderfull Variety of
Boys' Suits at from
$8.50 Up
���Double - breasted and
yoke Norfolk styles, in
light, medium and dark
shades of grey, brown and
mixed effects, in worsteds
and imported tweeds���every suit well tailored and
fitted with full bloomer
knickers. Sizes from 31
to 38. The kind of suits
boys like because they
possess a natty appearance���parents appreciate
them because they give
endless, wearing satisfaction. Thc best values in
town     $8.50   up
Boys' Serviceable
Hose, pair 25c
��� Made of a corduroy ribbed cotton, fast black,
with extra! spliced heels
and toes; the strongest
and best wearing boys'
hose on the market. All
sizes.    Pair    256
Boys' Easter Hats
at $1.25
���Telescope shape, in blue
grey, navy green and
In*' ��wn. Very dressy-
looking; several styles t"
choose from���all the same
price,  each    $1,25
Main Floor, Granville St.
New Gabardine Suitings Extra Special Value
50 inches wide, per yard $1.98
���Pure wool quality, in a fine firm weave���a belated shipment just n   < ��� ��� lorings of   ������ Igiai ��� "J"��
rich brown, navy, purple, black and dark green,    bull 50 inches wide, worth f2.25.   Special at ... $1.98
New Cream Wool Serges
���Very popular for late Spring and Summer wear, ver*  serviceable, and       i* et) hoose fi esc
prices:
���Fine Cream Serge; .ii) inches wide', pet yard 55c ���54-inch Kine Krcni h Serge, .ill wo A < .���������   ��2.25
���Cream   Estamene  Serge;   pure   wool;    42  inches ,
wide:  yard    _ 85c ������2-inch   lleavj   K.l. irca.n  Suiting; Serge;
���Cream  Smooth  Twill  Seryc:  -4.'  inches  wide;  per yard $2.25
yard       98C ���,    ,    ,.           ,,,.. -��� ,-
���Fine Cream Cheviot Serge; pure wool and 43 ins, ���58-inch   lleavv   Rih  Suiting   Serge; yard  $2.75
wii?j *>% *V���r'l. ���;������'���;��� -',,"���",       S-4-35 Extra line English Suiting Sue..; 58 inches wide;
��� rule   I will   Coating   Seine;     .ill    inches     wine.
yard     $1.65 l��'r  yard          $3.50
Beautiful Corduroy Velvets at $1.35
���with a rich pile surface, and a wide flat rich cord.    Colors  of  brown,   modore,   navy,   battleship  and   Hague
��� blue.    Per yard    $3.35
Black Silks���Good Value
���three superb values that can not be equalled elsewhere for value.
PURE SILK BLACK TAFETTA���Guaranteed last dye; 36 inches wide; per yard 	
PURE SILK BLACK TAFFETA���Guaranteed best dye.    Special, per yard  	
PURE SILK BLACK TAFFETA���Guaranteed best dye.    Extra special, per yard  	
���also in  shades  of navy,: brown,  rose,  etc.,  at  extra value prices.
A BRUSSELS RUG BARGAIN, $1.35
���size 27x48���handy size for halls, in front of tbe fireplace,  as  bedside   runners,   etc.���chiefly   in   greens   and
blues���fine  wearing quality  and  excellent  value.    Each    $1.35
���Fourth Floor, New Store
THE DRAPERY DEPARTMENT ANNOUNCES THE INCOMING OF NEW
ART LINENS AT $2 and $2.50 YARD
���beautiful materials in exclusive designs for all kinds of drapery work, upholstered and slip covers.    Very
special value,  per yard $2.00  and  $2.50
WE GIVE ESTIMATES
for the recovering of all kinds of upholstered furniture,  slip  covers,  window  shades,  awnings,  etc.,  etc.      A
phone call  to the drapery department will bring our expert to you post-haste to figure on your requirements.
���Drapery Section, Fourth Floor
CUT GLASS TUMBLERS. Regular $2.50 dozen for $1.20
���a very fine thin-cut water tumbler, with heavy bottom���splendid for general use, and a grcat bargain,  per
dozen       $1.20
pheBu3san^Ba�� (Tompanu
&    iNi-rmonon-ron ������������. ^* 9 ^MT
INCOBPORATtD 1670
rlcMERTE.IUWIMiE STOM5 COHMISSKHER ���fix
SATURDAY    CHINOOK
SATURDAY, APRIL 8, 1016
tar.'''..1 '.���v.*JHm*"WwmM
naaui
m
They're Worth their Price
���Worth it to you in
correct style, pood tailoring, satisfactory service,
handsome patterns and honest fabrics.
Dick's Spring Suits
\'i
$15, $18, $20, $25, $30, $35, $40
Give every man who buys one the comfort and satisfaction of knowing he is correctly dressed���and well
dressed.
Lots ni' blue serges���a generous variety of patterns
including stripes���and any number of different mod-
eis.    L-et's have your opinion of 'em.
WM. DICK Ltd.
Two Money - Back Stores
Full of Spring Wearables for Men
33   and  47   HASTINGS   EAST
���  rift
PROHIBITION IN PORTLAND,
OREGON
i. JAMBSsfTHE  FIRST  AND
, SHAKESPEARE
Here are some points from the
"Portland Oregoiiian," of Feb. 1,
1916, ou the results of prohibition:
Noti| single family row: they Were
i   comment   before.
, More .cash in circulation for grp-
ceries,. dry goods and staple article!;.
��� Xtiiuber of girls in police court reduced to-.giothing.il] comparison with
the' iiunif'^'r   before   prohibition   came
in|   ';v'\ ������* ���'���; ���   ': .:������:
'i'Intoxicated motor drivers have
ceased to ei-ist. with correspondiifg
l*l*<l,uction -iiC reckless  driving,   etc.
'ci umber id drunks arrested in Jan-
jnary-191/i\vvas 776. in CSnilpajiiso;*, witlij.
A church service aboard one of the transports carrying Canadian soldiers to the Old Land
calmly sal doing nothing, twiddlin'g
bis fingers and watching the flies on
tbe ceiling.
At tjic cud of tlie time tbe teacher
collected tbe paper and Willie banded
over a blank sheet.
"Mow's this; Willie:*'" asked llie
teacher.    "Is  tbis  your  essay?     Why
VANCOUVER  SCOTTISH
ORCHESTRA
Mr.  I). Slracban, and accompanied by j       IT'S  NOT  WORTH   WHILE
tbe  orchestra,   which  accompaniment j _  .' ,
by the way should have been held in \
Tbis promising band of performers, ^cbeek a little to,allow tlie soloist cor-: j
twenty-six in number, .gave' 'their first Ji.el to stand out, more particularly in 1 ^  ^    Z.   , j j,00*i^T,^atance''lay
>  nice
(In imitation of Longfellow)
I ug the king's highway
ay '
orchestral   concert   in   the   Hamilton !.tlie last verse, of, ihis'song, when the I *i.*. jjjjl >���    jj.    lAndg
Hail  on   Tuesday  last,   April  4tll.  "it | "Oraiid   Amen"   should   have   SOUIlded. L   bamier'*itH   tlie   strange  deVicfc ''
i-   no   easy   matter   in   these   times   ol.,a�� such. . "It's  not   worth   while " "���
all   the  others   have   written   at   leasl   v.ar vvljen our, ci.iuiury i.s niaking such*I     \|,-,. .Shankie ami, Mr. Leightpn.gave |
tvv;o ��� ajjeetj*,;. vvJiile   y,.ni do;  mghing!" j heavy   demands 'for' oil? 'liiaiihood   to | a .duet.   'Memories   of     Burps,"    .fat jwVlti he *said within his Ketllt     '
"Well," replied  Willie, "that s  v, hat , answer   the   call  of 'our   King, -t'o  or-j wiijcb they lad, ,1" ie-.,on',, with    Iris
inize  and  Maintain  a ' properly  con-1 Selections.",    .'   '
iln ted   orchestra,   yet   it   is   fo   Mr.;   ��� -\|
I   would  do'ii'   I   were  a   millionaire!"
_ .���     -31��� 'j-	
Al   a   prayer   meeting   a   good   old
irother si
Shankic's credit tlialMie lias, Iri" spitej baritone   voice,   t two ' patriotic
jpand.sa'.d he was glitdj"''   '"���l"-v   pftc'dltids,   "got   lu'ge'tfter,Longs, ,"The Or-aud  Fleet," and "Hail,
Life  ia  short  and joys depart;    ' I
.Men are false and frii'mls are IcW,
i.i ��� gentleman with a fhie pAnd distance mvsiificv life viewy     i
"It's  not   worth   while
*' '1^43 ffbr- January I1)!? and u-hai'iV'"1" Swi'lhe !'��� dlowing k-fb,ony> "My ; with the help of the fair ses.. an or- Britaiii, Hail." On brjtlt .qccasions he|"Up! up! tlte'maidcii cried, "any go
jiiji'lre* i'l is expect'ed that oilier odm* u'if*'- ;""' .'" I"* ?,'* "start -| ;'' % L*h?st" of w(,'l'h ll<:' llas "" lu'l-"1'':" w.���,s deservedly encored, and one .pfjjnto the trench and fight tiie foe'""*
SrftMl  ot'fe'ii-es   vvill  be   reduced   by  ^   witV hardly .1'cent  Hi  the  world.  Wc   feel  .ashamed   of;     Unfortunately   iu ��� his   re4jponse6   was     ������<  ���   of   Mine," |"Nay.  nay,"  he  said.  "I   love   to  rest
���   I'oiyar.itl],  "Q.ciQti   Queen   lbs-.
,��� -ohiltrfiil  vvon.au.  lodnis  so  largi
British  history, '.is.'i'p  iiitimalely  a-iVl pf-T^ent...'
.'.-r-Qi.iatoil   with   Shakespeare'    life  ;���'"'!    ' It will'he observed that Oregon did
���'work, tbat'we arc  apt   to  fi r "t  t'ii.'11''1   ftdopt   working   men's   clubs   or
ij,,.  ju.,-  ('..oi,   {he 'great  d !/'sti:lnv other half way measure, but went
continued liis work, did sonic oi iiis j the whole bog. It is for British Col-
best, and foui'd an appreciative pa- "'n'5'*1 **�� c'ean up in like manner, and
iron in James the  First lf" attain real  prosperity.
low : it, and although hi   was a cell-.J WHAT HE WOULD DO
gums bigot, yel but for his favor we' 	
shpuld not have had s ime of Shakes-I    As the subject of their weekly es-
lad-
d  t
Vancouver,  as  m  many  other dues,  whieh   was  nicclj
the public have  lo be educated up' to   tot5  j,   suitable
have   tlie   full   appreciation "and   enjoyment L,f  ^
began at the 1 west round
der, 1 nt  the  Lord' lias be
us and wc ha' e worked u
prospered,    We bought a  little  farm!1!   a   purely   Instrumental   cntcrtain-l
and  raised  good  crops.    We  have  a ment    Tine was strong evidence 6f a
good home and a nice family of cbil-I this during a very fine rendering ol a   (
drcll,   and."   he   added   With    mUCJl   em- ��� ,''"'1      son:,-    neonle     whose     Oisle     fie1-
say the schoolmaster asked Jiis pupils
to    a.v  vv hat  they  Would  'I"  if  thej
peare's most liriiiiatit worK.
���James   hail   some   unfortunate
tachincnts to unworthy lav irites such   hal $1,CCO,000,
as   Carr   and   lluckingliam,     his     eu- j    At once  all  heads  were  bent,  save
cotiragemenl  of Shakespeare was all.jpnc, and pens scratched busily.   Thclshe added with satisfaction. "I am the
to his credit. one exception  was little  Willie.    He neck that moves the head,.'
come  little   My   weary  head  Upon   thy  lirevist,  .
c.s sang "Song "It's .not worth while."
Allies,"    ���' ..:  li   v ere   well   re- i
A  Scot li  fantasia, by  Volti, "To arms! to arms!" the Major crjed,
iolin solo, was given bj   Mr. t; "The Hun is at the gale- outside."
ghton,  ami   ihqived  great' aiiil-   "Not yet," lie said, "but by and by,
I ity. J I   Ii ve to live,  I   bale to die.
am the key:   f that family." | music took second place to their taste     'A rtwri'e( "Heartsease," and a sel- ! "It's npt  w-m-ili  while.;'
for gossip.    There is no greater form ,     .,' , .,,        e-i
. ,��       ' ,  ,    , . Icilion by the orchestra,   Rose, S am-1
ot   ignorance and  had  taste  than  two ,   .    ,   ,,   .      ^      . ;���,-���      /       , r ...  ,,,,,.  .,;���,    ,',    i,,,.-,
m , rock   and   Hustle,     by   Stephen,  con     in     ci     ci       r"B<  n��w   i. >   oi.i
people carryincr on a conversation dur-    ,   ,   . ,, . 'rn, .    ',-,, ���, ,.| th.-ir u .i. ���.-d "li-sil,
ii jo I eluded the programme, ' " .���    rop.pcu nun  p i-    eu miuu
ing a musical performance.
���i.   si
people   whose   taste   I ir
After he sal down his wife promptly
arose to corroborate all that he had
said; She said that they had Marled
ill life with hardly a cent the Lord
bad been good to them and they had
prospered; they did have a farm and
good crops, and it was true they did
have a  fine  family of children.    But
I   have   heard   the   Toronto   Gym '                                            .
J he Hamilton Hall is not the only f ph'otly. Orcbtstra, Uie Thomas Orc>,es Tlle^- imen :"''1 ""' l'"'"*' u"     ���
place   the   writer  of   this   article   has   ...      .-  ,.��� ���.. ,(i     no      [>���.��.,���     g,..,. Bill  -lill he said 'nnd shot ni"l shell.
,         n   ,               ���, ,    ,    ,, "It's not worth while."
phony Orchestra  (said to be i h>* fin
seen this lack of common courtesy to
the artists and audience alike, destroy-
ing the enjoyment to tbe audience for   (i      , ���   ,���   ., ^   ^
ie   Boston
iid io be I
st in the world i, The Glasgow So i-
rh'e gates were forced, civilians fled,
which they paid, and were entitled to | rwh'egrri     -oiii v -1 ��� I bv the lite   \ ,.��� And on llie morn they found him dcid
receive.    No sympathy would bc felt,Lus( fam,, and when wc remember I CWtching still with hands of ice
I   an,  sure,   il   these  people  were  told \m   .,���   ���,-   ���,���,,.   M;1I.U.(1   .,s   .,���������.,���. j The banner With   the  strange device.
by the ushers either to si,.,, talking orchpstraS) t|]ere j5 ���0 reason why the
'"' rel"*e' j Vancouver Scottish Orchestra should
Tbe   programme   was   a   long   one, j ���,���   ,||jp(.   ���, ,������,  ,,.|V  ,���,,���������,   famou���
and of a varied nature, perhaps    the j,. allv '
"It's not  worth  while."
SKOOKUM CHUCK
in "Ashcroft four mil.'
Mr. Thomas Shankie. the conductor,
is to be congratulated on his first cf
fori,   and   we   hope   to   iuar   more   ol
Ibeni.
���J. W. LKCkll'..
SOME  JOB
ilstanding features were lhe Marches, which were well done, and 1 was
struck with the quality of tone from
the wind instruments, which were
few iu number, though quite sufficient fur the quantity of strings,
The  Serenade "Beneath  thy  Win-!
ilovv," by   llncke,  arranged  for  violin]
and piano was rather weak in exec*!-
tiori and lacked more light and shade j     "'V'' ''"' /' ",'vv j"'1'    l'1" ;l  l''"1"''
in  the  interpretation,    The  septette al ���' s'"'il b'untem.
for   strings,    "lleiiediclus,"   by   .1.    J.|     "A   l,il,l��'1'  ���''   :1   V"U   f"'=��� ���! t a in *'
Poole,  was  a  fair  inlerpretalion,  and      "Vl's: ' slmvi' ll"' i'*t''
tbe   coloring   here   was     more     pronounced.
That   grand   old   solo,   "The   Lost
Phone Seymour 470 when you want
a quotation on job work.
The Chinook has an up-to-date job
plant and is ready at all times to ban-
Chord," was played by the comet of die any kind of job work.
Before and after the .bombardment.   The above illustrations show the dressing station used by the Canadians in
Flanders.   Both of these pictures were taken on the same day.
W*
y ���
i:
,i�� ��� ���"'   -
���   '"  ; ��� 0    f'*
'-->..^>vf  "v
* -��$.
' ''^1*^ '
E ' *
mL    t*1^*v^-
'    '            ^ *'
*"
' ���        1
1
l. -T     IT-
j..... -���   ..
*1
- gSfr ���
.*'.- *'
.
PWW^'flHHIUjiisi^
^WHla
"^���W
"
���
:
���i	
,-v
��� i    - .
.
���
"SAFE FOR BABIES"
Sou- Van Milk
Keeps Loneer
Training Canadians for the firing line.   Making a sentry box as used on
,die firing.line
than ordinary 'milk, and *'hat is;
just one r'easi.ui why h> many)
.'people   prefer   it.     Other   great[
reasons; .    j
 c"   '.   '.     . !
It is rich, wholesome, iiutri-1
jiojis, clean and fresh. Being'
Uniform in quality you1 find it-
good all the time. !
Sou-Van Milk should 'be used;
���by every family in South Van-j
couver, Mt Pleasant-ami Grand-,
view. We deliver in these districts daily. i
Produced in the Famous Fra-i
ser Valley on farms where ev-j
ery convenience is at hand.
Pasteurized and clarified in1
the sanitary Sou-Van Dairy,
where thousands of dollars have
been spent on scientific appliances to safeguard the health
of our patrons,
Go   to   the   phone   now   and ���
call  Fair.  2624 for  a  trial  bottle   of  Sou-Van    Milk.      Our
driver   will   call   on     you     tomorrow.
South
Vancouver
Milk Co.
29th and Fraser

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