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The Standard Jun 9, 1917

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VANCOUVER-Home Schedule
In N
orlhwestern League  1917
llultc, )
une Is.  19, 20, 21, 22, 22.
, June 25, 21                           j
June 29, .'".  [ulj
July  6,  7.
VANCOUVER���Home  Schedule
In Northwestern League for 1917
*rii."iiiH. .July  11,   12,  13,   11.
18,   18,  80, n.
T." on i 9, i". i:
Ureal  i 14, IS, in,
Hpokane    lim     0, 21, 22
Vol. VI., No. 4���Established 1911
Price Five Cents
TJne Greait Moirthlhena D��p@�� aft YBMc��ww��r^Qm�� ��ff ft�� lath�� Jam��;
�����BaftriIbiy_iti(D)inis to th�� bnnildrng unp ��ff Bri&hi Cofamnilbiia -=���
J0 Hi
NE   of   Vancouver's     proudest
assets   today'  is   the   recently
completed   Great      Northern
Depot    which     stands     back-
Main,   and    frier    streets    in
grounds  reclaimed  through  the  genius   and   energy   of   Great   Northern
engineers   and   workmen     in ni     the
filthy  flats  of  the  False    Cieek    ol
other  days.
This building tell, /he sto'y of the
faith the pioneer rc/waynian of thc
Northwest, the late James J. Hill,
placed in llritish Columbia and its
metropolis, Vancouver people do
not prize it because of the hundreds
of thousands of dollars worth ol
brick, concrete and steel in its massive structure; but they look upon it
as a tangible expression of confidence in them and their community
ieijB.j.,011. the part ot the greatest builder
'"^"-American continent has produced
One of the links which binds Canada and the United States together
is the Grcjtt Northern Railway, built
by a Canadian. The Vancouver terminal of this road may be regarded
therefore as a gateway between the
two   Anglo-Saxon   communities.     No
man ever did more to build up friendly relations between Canada and the
United States than the late James
J. Ilill. The new building which he
planned but didn't live to see completed was undoubtedly a contribution towards the cause of international  goodwill.
Among the officials who have
charge       of       the       husiness ol
the Great Northern ill British
Columbia arc: I. II. O'Neill, General Superintendent; J. M. Doyle,
Superintendent; W, R. Smith. Assistant General Superintendent; .M. J.
Costello. Assistant Traffic Manager;
K. J. Hums, Assistant General Pass-
enger Agent; A. H. McNeill, Executive Aseiit and !���'. v.. Myers. Local
Thc Standard asked Mr. K. .1.
Hurnji for some data regarding the
con��>ru_.-ti"ii of the new bunding.
That gentleman pressed a button and
{in   a   moment   received    a   sheet     of
j paper  upon   which  the following  information was set down in terse rail-
j road language.
Present    depot    on  Pender    street
'lirst used  by U.   N.   It.  Co march   l'.'U'
New   Depot.
Architect,   Fred   1,   Townley.
Great Northern Engineer in]
(hame.   I-..   B.   Ford.
Contractors. Cram. Smith & McDonnell.
Filling of False Creek where present depot is  located  started in  WI3.
Two million six hundred thousand
yards ol earth uscdC?" lill in.
Material came ffiDni Sappcrton by
train distance 13.4 miles from Vancouver.
Six miles of industry, passenger,
team, aud freight house tracks in-j
New Depot commenced April 12,
1916.    Finished June  1st.  1917.
Quantity   of   marble   used   in    t'as-i
senger Depot approximately ooiitii
square feet. |
Quantity of cenrent'tisctl appnm-*-|
match-  6500  barrels.
Quantity of steel used approximately 1000 tons.
Quantity of brick used 650 thou-'
Depot lighted from outside by system oi  flood lighting.    Flood  lights.)
three in number, located on roof ol,
Creat Northern Freight Oifice, each
having one MXK) watt lamp with re-
llector and each developing 150 thousand candle power in a direct beam
and they can he adjusted to diffuse|
500 thousand candle power.
The Passenger Depot completed
with every known modern convenience in the Ladies and Men's rooms.
Baggage room, [Ticket oil ice, etc.;
complete telephone exchange installed and there is a matron; installed
rooms provided for the V. W. C. A.
Besides Station Master and Red Cap-
boys to handle passengers, hand
baggage, etc., there is as well a news
stand with parcel check room. The
Freight Sheds are being equipped
with the finest system of automatic
scales in use in any freight depot,
which are being put In by the Canadian Fairbanks Morse Co. who have
a man now en route from Montreal-
to arrange adjustment and installation. All B. C. Electric cars, with
the exception of Powell street and
Kitsilano cars will pass the Depot.
In every case merchants of Vancouver   were   given   first   opportunity   to.
figure on all work and supplies i"r
the Depot. Freight sheds are on
brick construction and considered the
finest west of the Missouri river.
Special construction has been put in
for the loading and unloading of automobiles.
The grounds in front of the Depot
will be laid out in lawn with shrubbery and a flag pole will he erected
ninety feet in height in front of the
The Depot and Freight Sheds
cover and area of 130,500 square feet.
Approximately one and a hall
miles of property will shortly be
opened up for the location of industries  facing  on   Prior street.
Brick in Depot furnished by Clay-
burn   I!rick   Co..   Clayburn.   11.   C.
Citizen* and visitors to Vancouver
are invited by the company to visit
the- -Lt>ti),ftL.iWtl,tiJnK- and explore ..its.,
many departments. The Standard recommends to any man who Feels blue
about business conditions in the city
to take a run down to the Creat
Northern Depot and gel some inspiration from what he may see there.
The Farris Victory
Brings a Shower of Good
CONSOLIDATION of all forces of true Liberalism in Vancouver.
The unmasking of the Sun newspaper.
Plain evidence that Vancouver can't bc stampeded when good government is at stake despite the
recent unsavoury happings incidental to the effort to
break the Brewster Government.
We mention here only a few of the good results
of the great silent political battle waged during the
past two weeks in Vancouver which resulted in the
return of thc leader of the Reform forces in this city.
Mr. J. Wallace de Beck Farris, K. C, Attorney-general and Minister of Labor.
Most important of all is this: That Farris has
definitely outlined the Liberal policy of direct and
unqualified opposition to sueh corrupt interests as
shackled the Iqjjrgavcrnmcnt in Ihis province.
fiths R. Hughes, probably the strongest friend the
Premier has outside the House and one of the most
powerful figures in this Province today.
lt would seeth that il would be good business tor
some of the superfluous dailies being run at a loss in
\ ancouver today to get in behind Brewster, ' (liver
and Farris and give them good, open, whole souled
support. The daily paper which will undertake in
Vancouver to do this, will rapidly become the popular
paper of the city. People desire to give the Brewster
Government a chance and time in which to clean
things up. People don't like a lot of lies .-11111 trash
about the public men they send to the Legisalture.
If I were running for any office tomorrow, I think
I would write a note to some of Otir local editors and
invite them to give me as much opposition as possible,
1 would do this and then depend upon the sportsmanship of the citizens of Vancouver to do the rest,
I'he machine made two false starts in undertaking
to oppose thc Hon. Mr. Farris.
But when Honest John Oliver let Out a roar at
Labor Temple, fear overcame the machine supporters
and they took to the tall timbers.
it was all planned out by the shrewd little leader
of the lost cause of special interest to crown his
efforts of the past few months iu the Legislature with
a sweeping victory over anyone Brewster could put up
in the City of Vancouver.
Mr. Bowser boasted May 1 that he would be
Prime Minister of British Columbia once more in
thirty days. He ivould bc back in the citadel with the
keys to the treasury.
His scheme was to destroy the Government
through Macdonald.
lt will take more than the Macdonald episode and
more than the opposition of the Sun to injure the
high standing of Mr. Brewster and his colleagues in
the eyes of the people of Britisli Columbia.
It is a singular thing that if there bad been an
election fight in the open. Mr. Farris could not have
secured the support of a single daily newspaper in
Vancouver. The Sun, somehow 01* other was almost
openly hostile to the Liberal: the World dammed liiiyi
with faint praise; the News-Advertiser went after
him strongly ; while the Province made a jest of the
whole situation.
Vet the Sun professes to be Liberal and Farris
was a Liberal candidate.
The World professes to be a prohibition paper
and Farris was supported throughout by the leading
prohibitionists of Vancouver.
There is only one daily paper in the south which
openly supports the Brewster Government. Thai
pap^r is the 'Times of Victoria, owned by Mr, Grif-
In these days of "co-ordinatiou," "co-relation"' and
"co-operation" and other large words which  sound
better from the lip- "i K. 13, Bennett or Sir George
Foster than from the front '/age of this modest publication, it would be in order for A. lv Tulk, Stuart
Cameron. Sir  William MacKenzie aud Gen,  Stewarl
land their friends In gel  together and pool the three
! papers, the News-Advertiser, the World and the Sim
land make one good paper mil of tlie three.
Then we would have two good daily papers in
town. And that is all Vancouver will support anyway.
Mr. Tulk is a good business man and so is the
head of the  Pacific  Dredging   Company,  while   the
gentlemen who have been keeping the News-Advertiser alive arc no slouches in business. Why harass the
people of  Vancouver   with   a triplication   of   daily
j papers each and all headed in the same direction���
'the fooling of the people.    And let it be known lhat
' the people of Vancouver are smart, wide-awake peo-
1 pic who had all thc cobweb's knocked off their eyes
j some years ago.
folks ought to have a show. Therefore the pension
money should be equal all around. A private's
mother will miss her boy just as much as a captain's
mother. The pension should be the same in each
There is a great deal of nonsense talked in regard
to conscription. What right, for instance, has the
Socialist gentleman, Mr. Kingsley, to tell the editor
of The Standard tliat the editorial pen should be
placed aside and the sword grasped?
Hurray for Simpson,
Petlypiece and the I. W. W.
���I AMES Simpson, who holds a high place in the
\_y councils i>i labor in Canada, 1- advocating in
Toronto the formation of an organization in this
country of soldiers and workmen along the lines of
the anarchistic section of the Russian revolutionaries.
"Worker" Simpson would be in favor of Canadian
privates refusing to salute their officers, lie would
no doubt suppon Brothers Pettypiece and Kingsley
in stopping Ihe practice oi singing the national an
them at public meetings. Such changes as these to
the minds of such self-sacrificing partiots, make for
true liberty.
The Standard believes that a man can gel mor<
liberty in Canada than in any other country under the
sim.   True we have great problems to den! with.   We
  are laxed heavily and unnecessarily fm  the benefit I
Nn conscriptive measure would be satisfactory in some "��� the larSer interests*   Our countrj   i- ovei
British Columbia unless it took in all aide bodied men railroadet* '""' over Politicaned al11' somewhat over
Of all (Mini's and creeds.    We see 11 1 reasmi why good I promoted.    Too much authority rests in lhe hands "f
Canadian blood sh,,uld i,r spilled for the protection the Canadian Manufacturers' Association.
nt" the Doukobor colon) or thc Chinese colony or the       r'"1 ���'"" r'"vly llear the Simpsons, the Petty-pieces
lapanese. ani' l'K' Kingsleys paying much attention to the real
  problems of the nations.   They spend their time hoot-
We do not believe thai infusion of Oriental bl fc ^^.'!I0".,'^/-L"'!i!."!?."" iS!'H f!L'*C.���*ke.r.\
Mr. Kingsley says that the editor ni The Standard
is fit and aide and should go to the.defense ni bis
country Mr- Kingslej would with a few words
command a citizen to go to the war. Yet he would
deny the Governmeni of Canada the privilege ol
selecting men for the front hue.
with  that  of  the  white  people  of   Hritish   Columbia
They are for Ihe revolution.    Their game is to set
I lion. Mr. Farris has been shown a great distinction by the people of this cily. It is a great compliment to him to be elected by acclamation particularly
j when one remembers the reason for the vacancy in
1 the Cabint. The premiership of the Dominion of
! Canada awaits Mr. Farris if he sticks to his job. There
I will no doubt be many temptations in his path. Unseen enemies will try to slug him from behind; traps
1 will be set for Him. He has an opportunity to do
' great honor to the people of Vancouver and to bring
I new honors to the family record.
Charles Macdonald made a good point the other
night when he said that pensions should he equalized.
Yes, the average Canadian soldier is as good as they
i have over in Europe. So far as his blood is concerned it is good. rich, pure red blood.    And when
lhe dies or is disabled in defence of his country his
 ,, , ,1    ��� , .- .1     1, ��� ��� ,   1- Acmhloyec agatnst thc employer: to create class pie u
would be in ihe interests oi the British Empire or ot   ,. '   ���       f,  , '   *     ,     ,     ,,.. ,��� ,, ���   .;,,,,
, ,.,      ,- 1     1 . ,        , I dice ���   0 ca    down everyone who doesn I   till in \eitli
humanity.    Ihercfore we should go slow about press-   /.;  ,.,_.
ing white  British Columbians into European service.!    '     ' tl   '	
leaving the yellow men in charge at home.
ONE of the results of the war ts that pretty  girls
are rapidly taking the place of the young men
there should be a fair conscriptive measure wherei.     ,.���.,- ,,���    ,   .,-.     , ,     ,, , ������_j
.,     -   . ., ,, , ' ,     , . ,,      in the banks.   Surely this change should have a.good
the  nrst  consideration  would  be  the  future  welfare  .   -, ,   *, m -u 1
r ,., ��� r .1     n- mi ,  .- Iinlluence among the husiness men.    Men will become
ol this part ol the  Empire.    We stand for conscnp- _.__���___.        j 1 .1   ���        .���    .
, * 1 ���   1    _. 11 I more thrittv and more anxious to keep their accounts
tion of monev and industry as we    as man power.    1. .- , (. ,   . 1 1 1 ��� 1   1      .,.,..1,1
1 111 good shape.    What young or old bachelor would
have the nerve to allow his account to be overdrawn
And it .any drafts are made let us hope that the jf such a happening were to cause worry to the fair
government will take along the Socialists and an- maids of ,the iedgers? The time is not far distant
archtsts just the same as the rest of us. And let there whcn thc ���reat private .,flice, of the Canadian bank
be a few regiments for the accommodation ot our branches win be occupied by ladies. In those days
oriental brethern. wc precjjct tjiat the good  looking,  smooth tongued
young men of affairs will be able to get unlimited
Thc new title of "Sir" doesn't seem to add any- credit; the old fellow with the great waist Viands and
thing to the name of Georgi. Bury, of the C  P. R. the red noses will not have a look in.
So 'The  Standard will not be hypocritical and offer 	
tlu* great  Canadian congratulations.   Through  much;
industry, thrift, clean living and agreeableness,  Bury       When we hear certain men veil  for coliscription
had already won for himself a place among the men we think of the sacrificing nature of Artemus W an!.
of tlic wm-hl much more important that that occupied   '.le  was  always willing to sacrifice  his  wife's  reia-
!u the Other George from whose hand he has accepted tions.
m empty title. ���-
j      Of more than 1,200 vessels accepted by the t". S.
��� man with the brains and ability to get to the '(.overnment for Naval Coast Defence Reserve,   only
top of the C. P. R. is a much more important and 112 are fit for immediate service, because of lack of
much more useful man than any of the sovereigns men to man them and failure of government to pro-
who have the power to give out knighthoods. Icide modern guns. TWO
-SATURDAY. JUNE 9.  1917
Summer Voyages of Two to Six Days
by the
Eifht Vessels "8" in Regalar Service
Union Steamship Co'y.
of B.C. Limited
Calling at all Northern li, C. Points
Head Offices:  VANCOUVER
Union Dock. Foot of Carrall Street.
Telephone Seymour 306
Also Victoria and Prince Kopcrt
Canadian Northern Railway
I I1IUAV, 9.00 A.M.
f.00 A. M. SUNDAV        I	
7.00 p.m.   Leave   VANCOUVER   Arrive a.m. 11.01
9.4 5 p.m.    Arrive    Chilliwack    Arrive a.m.    SIR
11.00 p.m.    Arrive    Hope    Leave a.m.    7.00
Full particulars may be obtained from any Canadian Northern Agent.
DISTRICT   I'/lSS.I_.N-__i.lt   OFFICE   ���   008   HASTINGS   STREET   WEST
Phone Seymour 2482
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Lines
C. E. Jenney, G. A. P. D.
Phone: Sey. 0134
W. Q. Connolly. C. P. tf, A.
527 Oranvll.'. Street
Baking* is a pleasure when
NABOB Baking Powder
is used because it is a pure,
healthful baking powder,
always certain, safe and
Your Grocer Sells It
Kelly, Douglas & Co. Ltd.
Vancouver, B. C.
Large, roomy, padded  "Car Vans"  for removal
of household goods, pianos, etc.
Ue your moving large or small, it is all the same
We can send you big three-horse "Car Vans" for
large moving*, or smaller ones for' small tnovings.
Our charges are very moderate���our service the
Fireproof Warehouse: 786 Beatty Street Phone: Seymour 7360
Give    Satisfaction    for    a
Life Time
(Between Robson and Smythe)
Classified Advertising
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, -H.
Hastings St.  E., and 782 Granville
Street.  Vancouver,  B.  C.
wajited  to clean and repair at th��
factory, 438 RICHARDS STREET
Barristers, Solicitor*, Etc.
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.
ROAD CO. Grant Lands. Title to
same revested in l'nited States by
Act of Congress Dated June 9, I9_��j.
Two million three hundred thousand
acres to be opened for homesteads
and sale. Timber and agricultural
lands. Containing some of best left
in United States. Now is the opportune time. Large Sectional Map showing lands aud description of soil, cii-
mate. rainfall, elevations, etc. Postpaid One Dollar. Grant Lands Locating Co., Box 610, Portland, Oregon.    |
loco, The Oil City On The Inlet
The Week's News From This Busy British
Columbia Manufacturing Centre
Last Wednesday evening the 23n]
of May. was the occasion of a very
enjoyable dance held at the Imperial
Hall under the auspices of the loco
Tennis Club.
The dance was arranged by the
committee with the object of augmenting the Club funds and getting
new members  interested.
All arrangements fur the affair
were in charge of a special committee headed by Mr. C. M. Lamason,
and everybody worked hard to make
the evening an enjoyable one for all.
The hall was very tastefully decorated, a good orchestra was in .evidence and with a varied programme
of dancing interspersed with several
good songs by local celebrities, and
wjth liberal refreshments a very fine
time was the order for everybody.
During the evening a large basket
of home made candy was raffled,
with the result that Mrs. Oldham,
visiting loco from Decatur, Illinois.
was thc winner, and passed the basket around for everybody's treat.
* * *
The location of loco, with no road
into it and no nutlet except by water,
makes the telephone a very important consideration with us here, ami
for about three days last week loco
was isolated owing tu the breaking
of the telephone cable.
The S.S. "DeSoto" arrived with a
cargo of Peruvian crude oil and made
bad ducking al the loco wharf. Afler
having dropped anchor the vessel
went ahead ton far. with the -result
that the anchor hooked the telephone
cable and broke il. This is lhe second time this has occurred since the
plant started. The pilot in charge
of the vessel, and responsible fur the
last trouble, has, we understand, been
+ * *
Having read  a  copy of  this  interesting paper, we feel tllat a  very  important accessory has been  introduced from which benefits will arise for
both   the  employer  and   the   employees. *
Tliey  say   "familiarity  breeds   contempt,"  and   whilst   this   will     sometimes  apply  in   an   individual     sense,
we knuw lhat the opposite is the case
when the departments and units of a
large  concern  get  better acquainted.
j     We  understand   that  The   Imperial
Oil Review is published for the very
I purpose  of  creating a  better  tinder-
1 standing  amongst   the   different     departments,   which  of necessity,  there
are amongst us.
It is surprising the amount of friction which exists between one department and another in quite a lot
of large organizations���and it is possible the Imperial Oil Company is
not a'n exception���and lhe delight
taken by the one to "buck"���as the
slang goes���the other, and a better
understanding between them and the
knowledge of one another's difficulties is all that is required tn remove
the differences which when removed
are the means of making the work of
each easier for themselves and more
profitable  to   the  Company.
We welcome the Imperial Oil Review, and with it the interest and
co-operation il will produce amongst
us  for everybody's joy.
What We Would Like to Know
Have you seen  Benny's  Hull   Pup?
If you can beat our friend Mr.
Value for Grit.
Whether Doc Symmes still has
those two babies he kidnapped at the
Vancouver Carnival.
If it was really true the Tennis
Club Committee recently held a
meeting without having a "scrap"
amongst themiselves.
The   reason   why    no  mention    is
made in this issue of Ihe fishing trips
of some of our local anglers.
*    *    ft
It would be a matter of greater
convenience to passengers from Vancouver to loco, if a sign was placed
at the North Vancouver Ferry Dock
indicating from which wharf thc
|Moco boat was leaving.
Sometimes the boat leaves one
wharf and sometimes the other, am!
sometimes the other, and passengers
arriving to take the loco boat are
in a dilemma as lo wliich way to go,
with the result that they arrive at
one wharf only to find that lhe boat
is leaving the other.
The reason we mention this is because the average passenger only allows himself just time to get aboard
before sailing time, and if he make'
for the wrung wharf he misses the
More than one person has missed
the loco boat in this way, and we
recently had the pleasure of assisting
a lady home in the company's boat
who missed the passenger boat. The
lady was a stranger apparently and
was told the "Xew Delta" would
Icav'e fur loco at 2.3(1. with the result
lhal she landed al lhe wharf from
which Ihis boat sails 10 minutes before time, and then had Ihc discomfort of seeing the No. 5 boat co"'
round the corner from the other
wharf on its way to loco.
f,    ff    -^
An opportunity to combat the high
cost of living has been given to the
folks living in tbe company's houses
at loco.
A large space of ground has been
plowed up and allotments have been
made to each housholder desirous oi
exhibiting  skill  as  a  gardener.
Quite a Inl uf interest is being
taken and a lot of work being done,
and we expect to see some good results in the near future. Mr. Sirde-
van seems lu be an enthusiast in this
lint and is setting the would-be gardeners a good example by plenty of
digging and  planting.
Cyrus  Townsend Brady in the  New
York Times
Do we wish Germany or England
and France to draw up the new coder
We know perfectly well what Germany's views arc upon international
law. They are based upon the principle of expediency. Their watchword is "might makes right." The
working out of tllis principle is seen
in invaded, outraged, ravaged, deported Belgium; in the wreck-strewn
sea; in the brutal and cynical disregard of neutral right and non-combatant privilege; in devasted Serbia;
in the persecution of Christian Armenia by Muhaminendan Turkey; in
the death in every circumstance of
horror and shame of 60<),<XKJ peaceful
citizens in Asia Minor, with Ihc concentration of as many more in pestilential camps where they starve,
contract disease and die. Do we wish
international law written iu these
The victory of England and
and their allies will mean a new international law in which every prescription, merciful and humane, of
the old law will be re-written and
many more added. In the re-writing
of this new law, should it be devolved upon these powers, we will have
a part. To have international law
re-written in terms of civilization and j wrong
humanity and lhe righteousness "
which is of Cod would almost be
worth the awful expenditure of blood
and treasure. For such a code of
law it would be possible, I think, to
organize an intrnational police force
which could compel would-be-recalcitrant   nations, to  respect  ii.
Which group of powers do we desire to see re-write international law?
There can be bul une answer to that
question. Fully appreciating, then,
the importance to us of this issue uf
the war, can we under any condition
sit calmly by and see England and
France and Italy starved to death by
an utterly mimoral blockade? We
cannot.    We must nut.
* * ��
loco is a very small place but il
you happened to notice the activity
on the water front one day last week-
yon would have thought of Liver-
poo! or Antwerp.
Thc S.S. "DoSoto" was anchored
at lhe end of the dock discharging
a cargo of Peruvian crude oil. and n
number of tugs, scows, barges and
auxiliary power fishing boats crowded bulh sides of the wharf; One half
of Brilish Columbia's navy, which
burns Imperial Oil Company fuel oil.
was also there but had lo be Content
to anchor outside lhe oilier liQats
which  were  two deep along  the  side
(Ed. Note)���Hritish Columbia's
navy  consists  of  two  submarines.
We notice that quite a lot of
hoys are travelling to their work al
loco in private launches and have
abandoned the use of the regular licensed  passenger   boats.
Directly, this is none of our business, but we wish to point out that
the use of these private launches by
the men who formerly travelled by
the regular passenger boats from
Vancouver and Port Moody vvill be
the means of eventually causing the
regular boats to withdraw from the
The regular passenger service
which we now have may not be all
that we could desire but it is regular
and always on time and keeps up a
very convenient schedule.
The small concession in the fare
paid may be an advantage to the
users of the private launches which
hare no passenger carrying license,
and consequently no liability to their
passengers, but if the regular boats
quit the run the disadvantage to everybody is apparent and will offset
the  present  seeming  advantage.       '
In the event of the S.S. "New1
Delta-' and "Saihina" giving up their
present service wc don't think the
private boats will rush over to loco
to take us to town three times a day.
so have a thought for yourselves and
the majority of us who would he
badly inconvenienced by the withdrawal of our present boat service.
* * *
A and B are ranchers. A says to
B give me seven acres of your land
and my ranch will be twice as large
as yours will then be. No says I)
to A you give me seven acres of
yours and our ranches will both b(
the same size.
Mrs. Oldham of Decatur, III., is
making a long visit to loco and is
the guest of her daughter, Mrs. C,
M. Lamason.
Mrs. C. Hetterlon (formerly Miss
May Macdonald) was a visitor from
Seattle to loco all last week as the
guest of Mr. and .Mrs. R. J. Cameron.
Mrs.   IX. McNairnie,   lion.-treasurer
of lhe loco Red Cross, is home again
in   good   health   after   her   illness   iu
the  North  Vancouver hospital.
*    *    if
From loco Times
A general idea of things might be
interesting and helpful to many of
More candor is a modern business
policy and is a recognized general
truth for progression and mutual
We will start at thc beginning, so
our remarks ihis week will be preliminary.
What is Petroleum? 11 is a natural earthy oily product, and is the
more general term for all such oils
as Rock Oil. Mineral Oil. Bitumen.
Asphallum, Naptha, Mineral Tar and
It has been known of the most ancient of limes in Jewish Biblical history of Genesis. Deuteronomy, Job.
etc. N'eheniiah mentions using "N.QP"
lliar" on  sacrifices.
There are l.ahalonian, Roman,
Egyptian, Chinese and Japanese re-j
cords. They are mostly cases where
the oil has seeped or oozed and collected on the ground, and the natives
have discovered some of its peculiarities, such as small, burning qualities,
medicinal, waterproofing and preserving, in building material, etc. It
was even used in the mortar of the
oldest known and existing Tower of
Babel,  and  in  the  walls  of  Babylon.
So old Palestine is a rich oil country and significant of these limes.
Plutarch, Aristotle, Pliny and other
well known ancient historians make
reference to Petroleum in their
different  works.
The RTissians were perhaps the
first to make industrial use of Petroleum and its by-products by distillation, a refinery being erected in
The U. S. A. Industry may be said
to date from 1855. when artesian
wells were bored and made Petroleum abundant anil more profitable
to refine than coal or shale oils.
These talks vvill be continued in
subsequent issues.
ff   ft    ft
An advertisement recently appeared in the local Vancouver papers for
Premier Gasoline and other Imperial
This "ad" was headed by a picture
of what is supposed to be the loco
refinery and  that  is  where we come
The Experimental Farms Report
'J'he first volume of the Experi
menial Farms report for the yea
ending     .March    3\,     1916,     contain
much  information  of  value    lo    thti ���    """
farmers of Canada. At such a time lability they never shall���is becausi
as ihis when production means so he has not thai magnetic social sym-
much no farmer can afford to over- pathy of the leader and the chief. Hi
look such information as this report is an individualist,
contains when it is understood that All robber bands and political pir
it is'available  for the asking.  It  rep-|ates must have a sort of Robin  II	
(A Study)
I'.y  Donald  Downie,  Barrister-at-Lan
i here is another reason why Liberalism is sometimes divided again-i
itself; and Toryism never. Why lithe credit of a Free Party be it sai<:
there are always Independent Liberals and Leagues, and Squads, and
Joe Martins, and other trouble makers:    Here it is:���
The difference between lhe Liberal
and the Conservative party is largeli
psychological. Like the honest dit-
ferencc between Protestantism anil
Roman Catholicism. The one worships liberty; the other worships authority. The Liberal is naturally individualistic. The Tory party is communistic. The first tends tu disintegration. The second to cohesion. Tin
Liberal thinks for himself. The Tun
takes bis doctrine from his infallibli
source of political wisdom; and shuts
his eyes and does what he is ordered
The first merely admires his chief,
but 'the other loves hi.s leader with
a clanish affection. 'The one part}
is often disrupted by its spirit of independence; the other is cemented bj
i.irty loyalty. The une will usual!}
'ollow the leader when he is fight
The uther will follow him right, nr
The first is purely Anglo-
Saxon in spirit; made up of friendly
families and free schools nf thought,
but the other has Ihe Celtic spirit ol
the Irish clan���and is tribal and com-
1 acl.
Liberals do not really luve tlieir
leaders as a rule. They admire them.
Laurier is an exception. He draws
bpth sentiments. But generally the}
look nn thei** chiefs as necessan
Maw you ever analyzed the Idolatrous affection with which the Tories regarded Sir John? And even
.-oine smaller idols here nearer homi
They have nut selected them so much
for qualities nf the head, as fur those
of tlie heart and manner. Tiny musl
be magnetic. And the party rallii -
round them nol because of their urines; but even in spite oi some veo
grave faults.
The reason that ihey would noi
follow   Ilowser���and   in   spite   nf   his
resents the work accomplish,:.i on
the Central Farm at Ottawa and the
fifteen branch farms and stations
distributed over Canada. Volume I
contains the report of the Director,
which is a general review of the
work accomplished, also the reports
of the Divisions of Chemistry, Field
Husbandry and Animal Husbandry.
Volume II, not yet ready for distribution, will contain the reports of
the Divisions of Horticulture, Cereals, Botany, Bees, Forage Plains.
Poultry, Tobacco, Illustration Stations, and  Extension and  Publicity.
An interesting statement appears
in the report of the Director, which
deals witli lhe cost of growing certain crops, as follows: mangels, $1,55
Ion; ensilage corn.. $1.45 a ton;
Is 19.30 Cents a bushel and hay
$5(1 a ion. The system of farming
represented in these experiments is
explained in the report. It is also
shown as a result of seven years'.,
experiments that in fertilizing tin-
soil a distinct advantage is shown
in the use of barnyard manure alon
over commercial fertilizer _._,.,
The experiments suggests the possi
bilily of combining the two profitably when barnyard manure is scarce
or high priced, Referring to new
strains of grain being produced il is
stated that hullness and beardless
barleys are receiving close attention
with ihe promise of some exceptional
results. Earlier and more productive
varieties are being sought for, while
new strains of oats, peas, beans,
buckwheat and flax, are being tested.
These are but examples of lhe character of the information contained iu
the 598 pages of this first volume
that can be received, without cost,
on application to lhe Publication
Branch of the Department of Agriculture at Ottawa,
Chieftan,  with  a  certain    chivalrous
magnanimity,  who    does    not  thinl:
only  of  himself  bin  of  his  party,   ii
the mass.
The Tory, therefore, will follow
his leader through thick and thin. To
him the highest offence and the mosl
unpardonable is party .disloyalty and
rebellion. Hence thai superstition
that exists in British politics and in
less degree in ours���that the genius
and ability of the Liberal party is
purify domestic, and lhat none but
the good old Tory party is capable
uf conducting a war, ur uf carrying
lhe flag, or of inaugurating or sustaining any vigorous external policy.
Sir John A, Macdonald said���and
lie was une of the two great statesmen lhat this Dominion in its half
century has produced���for all his
lowering of the political lone and debauching of public life by easy American methods, (which Americans
have now abandoned while we and
ihc   Mexicans retain  (hem)   Sir John
,\. said:  "'I   do  not  thank  a  follower
aione I     ,        _��� , . r ���   , ,
,,        I who  sticks  to  me   when   I   am   right
'' Anyone would do tllat.    A (rue friend
is one who stays with me even when
I'm  wrong."
Lending a Hand
The following interesting resolution was adopted at a meet ing of
the board of directors of the Dominion Commercial Travellers' Association  held  on  Saturday,  May 26.
Whereas all Europe Is on short*
rations and lhe world is today, facing a general famine, and whereas
Ihis country can produce lots of
foodstuffs but owing lo ascarcity of
farm labor a shortage in the coming
crop is expected, and whereas it
would relieve to a certain extent the
present conditions and enable us to
do onr bit in the world struggle, il
is moved by J. H, Paul Saucier, seconded by Romeo Brosseau that this
board recommends to the members
that they each offer to the National
Service Cultivation Committee a
week or more of their summer holidays to help harvesting in Canada,
and that they at once notify tht
Secretary of their- willingness to do
Vou cannot believe everything ymi
read about the war, but then you can
not take everything wilh a grain of
salt, either, lets you raise the price
of salt.
If  the
We are all kind of proud of the
loco refinery and the good oils we
make, and wish therefore to register
a kick against the picture displayed
in these "ads" as being the loco refinery. As one of our foreman said
|"It looked more like an old grist mill
  .���..__.��� -.'.._.____*_..i*
United Slates is able to
place a stripe on Prussianism for
every one on Uncle Sam's piece of
hunting, she will have done her
than an oil refinery," and wc all
thought everything looked fine here,
and so we got a rude awakening
when we saw this ad.
We have lots of photographs to
lend the advertising department ii
they require them, and some that
would make a much better "ad" than
the picture  (?)  they displayed.
Some Speed
''Did you  ever    see    anybi
dreadfully slow as Pop?"  ^^^^^^
"Oh,  1  don't know.    They say  h
plays a pretty  fast game of chess.
Through Tickets
issued   to   all   parts
of the world.
to the Old Country,
Alaska, China and
For full
particulars apply
to any
C. P. R.
Agent SATURDAY,  JUNE 9.  I*.
A TlhrilMirag L��^�� Sfewy
ina ttlta�� days off 1776
Will Rpra Couiiftmiuioiiiisly
Imi Tfine Sftffinadiairdi
-At last  lie stopped mc and
_., 1  me off    1"  hi-    offici      -\
loan.'  says  he.  pointing   to an  army
;  calf-bindings, 'I >��� '..  I
���*J xe." says I.    I thougl I ii
|]  up   with    inc.    The    di vil
. i -  what's in thiiii.!'
������What you do not know
���   il s,   }.,iiug   man.   mi} s  he,
i. .   hal   on   i'}   this  timi
"But  what   you do  know." i
.,cl. pulling me back, 'is in j iu
i,.,,l reason.    H\  this,  I   bespeak  yor
���_    ,i i-.    I.ci  your industrj   ornament
\nd   thereupon,   without    more
ado, he  signed  liis name.
"I was glad, for I knew a sight of
it would he enough for Mr. IV-} Ion.
Then back I posted t" Mr. Nicholas.
'What! Back again?" says lie
-V ni know  too little law, sir.'
his kn
cl his
. ��� aid, "I   >wi   i   I  think
le bi   now."
ilii -ni Hug t "���
unbling;   then,   ri      ering   it.
I    ii  up    with   a laugh.    "I h
i Opii ioiif Tristram
old ien nd I I i ''i' i" con ���
sole   me   when   I   quarrel   with     the
letter.    Sit down.  Frai
The  early  super cami      noki
platter of  trout  wrapped    in    green
leaves,   with   another  of  canvas-back
and hominy,  tankrads of brown    ale
and a drawi
tin   .'."o ;.
I lenry's talk, as the meal wet t on,
madeira    irom
1   i a ding       _nd i     fortuni     any-
Ihc curate!" i ticjlarl
"Twas hi. firsl big   :ase." sail   Mi    :    Virginia        ��� i thc
ll "I   warrant it  shov ed      me I > icrccly dcfendi        i     the
of the    I lhat a 3 oung I   I
amongst  them       "\\ ell, bi  i
Id-    i�� n   fathel    '.!-   "'i   thc   In md I till        Tuba    o
Mr,   Byrd     Tell  the  story,   Patrick;  up  hi legal
���������'��� i  better ti thi   pars' n in
v. ith  il -      . ery one else
So Henrj Id gel
"Tin ns and pai   ms,"  ,r:"  -yages,    Bul no!
I,   _.,-,.    |;,.,..    ;,,,,;   margins,   and   ,. him
ni' in   are   frii of n durder!     e yell nds a  peti
There was good old Robert  Rose,    f  t1""  ''  England.'
Richmond,  for    instance.    Ile
them heaven one Sunday and he
next.    A dear old  man1"
"Aye," assented Mr. Shellon,   "Hejjja
married  me."
" Vnd there was I'm son  Davis   . h ���
���   ���      horses as a  i   1
Ml IS    II"!    ill    I
I    n i
supper.     Hi ,,.,,-
Com' : sati n turnii       -       Do
I rjnl : :       electrical       tudii        there
was  ;.   ' ���:   the   Bosto
who were pri n liing again I
tor's  i: ��� ��� i,  thi
I 'lm    Camm    they    sent,'  'bal   the) | .. ���    .,
Mr. Sh It
Diyii ���   l'i ., idence     It   waa  at    tbii
point that Mrs. Byrd rea    ���
He i iled his tongue all!"'.''
^TSoVeti &"r-ui��rr asrt^���������dpw T'i;!-;1 l^0.%lX ���UV:^:v: <>- -������� S��?S? �����,���_ ,-rsd;:-,!;��&��&* ���<*-"-> -�� *��
-die' Sn^'and^lk   snuff,  but   ?" *    '^"�� f W^ka,! ��  j * ���������� j^ great king!   j ^-^ %.J\%    J,,,   ;   I \  i,, - than thin ice     for
:   ,tuck  to him  like a leech, and al  "'-���    ,)r !* "������<- * some anecdote ,���.�� LrfhrZcalvfnist there comea -l"'"> Ca"��� -1"'"- and take- i,��J,   '   "�����'.'   > r- ��'�� ''>, '���" '*'"����
tt^xcsrvsB>'���'Sifsswajsa-s;aj- --��� ���--���"- -stis :i; ��� *��H&2 ���'���?
. i���.  ,:���n  ,1,1 ,,,- ������. , vmcal   tongue,   rustic  and   sonorous.  *"""��� ....     I     Tl,,   ,,..,-;.i,   ,...,.      ...,.     ,    ,_,.-sts as they were thought to be. Ev-
1 De *ve11 n" '" l,K'-      ,   ,    ..    ,      hike a back-woodsman. Each'oftheVe I    "I was a youngster when he   firstI���;J}le larhh  ct"'ectors  who  hadn'tlery c	
-And that.    Henry ended,    is how   ,,,,ni.  |l;i(1 ��� 8hrewd moral, a home-  preached at the Fork Church and my fin  , ,"e, P*r*��n��  'heir  tobacco,  be- one! Tillotsonthought of it.
be well rid ot ii
"And  that."   I lent
I became a lawyer.    'Tis a tale," he If,,
ecame a lawyer. ns a taie, ne lv tllrllf a (|UailU conceit, a raveled
ed lugbiiriously. 'thai never [ails metaphor���with a laugh or a sting
make  me  dry.    Samts   breeches I cur|ej  Up  in   the  tail  of it.
The  sun   is  ge
tting low.    We  would
best start back to Hanover Conn
House if we would have Mr. Shelton
���give us these fish for supper."
Mrs.   Shelton  came  and  stood    by
admiringly,   her   round   hand   restill
on the ar f the chair.
"Patrick'-  trade."  she said. "Sooth,
He  wound  up  the  poles  and   laid  |le ClPll|,[ tan, the hind leg off a bull-
thetn in the crotch ol a tree, remark- oc^   j.ul V1,��� sllouit| hear his music
mother.���she  was
"1  lad.
at the table's-ei
"���   '!'���������.' ���   , neir    loii'i...     .Anil       lhe   ^
ian���used to carry mc to service each .    "e   *"ey,were  bemoaning,  to  the glanced  apprehensively  at  him     Dut
Sunday.    I hated it like toad-pie. And Jur-   '".".   ***e Parsons tor their dam- he   smiled   with   perfect    self-posses-
coming  holne   to   Mount   Brilliant  in ??es' .     lvas a hopeless case, and my  sion  over  his  glass,
the double gig, it was -.Vow. Patrick, "*?-'''"*'*��� knew| so much law that they      "Madam."  he said  dryly, "we  Vir
what was the  text?' and 'What was ?.    ,.,   and filled al  sight of it.    So ginians   are   busy   teaching   self-con
the argument,   Patrick-'  till  i'  faith,I{,na">' the collectors came to me and
I  grew so used to preach in his wake   '  }.'"'k llu.  fase-
lhal  I  could  go  from firstly to amen;.     'he ministers  rode  to  court  pol
ing that they would be handy for the jngi I've been at him to take lessons alld never 'ose the scent. And he\'"e eac!l ��.the''* rl!'s- My own father
next comer, then threw himself down on ti,e fjddi^ There's an actor nam- could preach on anything from the;"''1". "" the bench, a- Mr. Shelton
with head over the bank and sucked ej yberti in Williamsburg who givespi|'th of Christ to the death of the'?? ' l-"r(1- '���'"''!��� but I was in a
up a draft through his teeth. h*,,,,,  fefferson lessons at Monticello devil! 'Twas -""' Pr*ul,t. if it inadCIBI*J| -��<'at that day "
-Hest    drink    in    all    the    world,  But  Patrick���he has no idea of    his  "" minister of me. It,u n*    h    i ' aS        r',fllle'1
Frank," he averred, looking up  with talent!     Lorw,  how  he  used  to  saw!    "But.'tis small love I  have for the    '.,,'.">"   "'"''        .
chin  dripping.    "None of your neg- at  the  frolics!    He learned  to  play Parsons as a general run,"  he went   .,  * !-v  "".''''   latnck,  rector of    Pt.
'   the  flute,   too,  when  he  was  twelve1""- tilting his pipe between a  thumb   '���.""-,11-"'."1'- ,,,'|'.'v'- "P "' Ins chariot
vears old.    Think nf that, now! 'Twa-  -1'"1  fmger���"though  my uncle  is one      .'..*'.'.'���   ','���,' ,   '," sorrJi '" 5ec .v0"-
ure enough; a  fox-hunting, sermon-1 y-    asKcd the old man
r.:_es or your whip-sillibubs for me
Though   I've  no  objections  to    Mr
Shelton's madeira or honest ale.  ButI whilst he was knitting a snapped col
the   precious   cordials  your   fine   ueu-, lar-boiie."
tleman brings irom the Indie- to After the cloth was removed. Mr,
-.nick lips over at a guinea a bottle, Shelton passed long clap pipes; and
may stay corked till doomsdaj fori ihey drew chair-, to the porch where
my tasting!" I the  trill  of  tree-frogs  sounded   near
VV .
way with a long stride to a nearl trelliscd trumpet-vines,
bridle-path, overgrown now and "You must have seen a monstrous
showing old log-bulls where a way Ioi in Eiigladn, 'Frank," said Henry,
had been axed for a chariot  through! presently,    as    conversation .dallied.
orrowing   lot,   too   many    of   tliem.l        Because,   I said, 'If I clap eye on
md of  the  tavcru-porch'and a bowl  J""1 "'"'"   '  makc '">��� speech,  I  -Imi!
f toddy aud  mightily concerned    in  have  no  heart   to  say  aught  against
latter.-,  touching the  pocket.   Famine  'nc clergy.
r  plenty,  they  want  their ease, and   .  ' '"'.'A*'1'   ,1,a"   l'lat.   Patrick,
trol.    We  can  leave the   Bosti
to Mr. Adams.
"Come  away  from that  blind,   Elizabeth,"   said   Mrs. Byrd.    "Would
:   II'   '"
UlOl elll-
1} m I  \\ a-- ���
hi    vas born '���'���
Franl    liki -   him."
less   i"r     a
iupposi   I might    I a
c  said  ihen, maj.
cally.       I  ��� in      etting       eyoi !
���    tin
ere never ex|
I naught
Is ��� -.   nol   i     ipi:,       ���   loyally.
That   slouch!"   she   v.���   ��� olding
Up her hand-. "I lh ighl I e Wat ������
demagogue before he called tha;
meeting in the Raleigh Ta-. i n an I
-cut out iii- -ill} call for a Continental Congress. Continental Congress! -Continental   fiddlesticks!"
"Colpnel   Washington   was  at    the
"I don't care if he was!" responded
the lady in great heat. "I can stomach your gentlemen rebels. Colonel
Washington i- a gentleman���though
I haw my doubts aboul his being
>iu*h a tough Whig; 'tis not in the
breed. But your half-baked, bumpkin patriot i- t"" much! Tis a fine
thing for loyal ladies in the king's
own Colony of Virginia to have t
smuggle their tea from Holland and
sip il in llieir closets! But before
the year is out, Anne. I make ii"
doubt you will be singing the fol-de-
of that  nincompoop   Philip  Fren-
you have the gentlemen see vou look- ".''.'     '" ." '-���'"������"""1' ���.i,p  rren-g
ti^for^    fen'  I-    S��me "  -nauilueV^r'piuH'^^'rS:
hisWSway0rbayck-froCmPEgIaJn   "'  'S *'" '���� ^'T h'-h T^'   ^ ^
a,,,,,,.. .���_..,!   ,       ,    ...    ,   ... dub   blurt-,   tea.     Faugh
��� Mines   eyes  darkened.      Is   he* ������ i        ������'      o   ,    ..        m-o
Mrs   ller,' ,,:,- ���_���  ,..,.: A,IIU-     ����ed   Mrs.   Iillot-o,,     af
Mrs.  Byra was not annoyed
"I   don't  see  why  you   should   turn I
up your nose," she bridled. "He holds
a  conynission  in   the  king's   service,
and  he  certainly  stands  high   in   Lord |
Dunmore's   estimation      Mosl
would  be  glad  to  get   anything
iping   bis   mouth   on   his   sleeve, and the big-winged beetles and cock-  they would go to a point beyond ;hi   ';*;    ti   not only stay
>icked up the basket and led the chafers  went  thudding  through    the  lK'n,; !" -1'1 "���    "u'-v set good glebe '''���";'    " "'' '"""-' '"-'���'l"
the   peopl
Pll   Hot   only   stay   outside,     but i ,\i
immission,    ji -."
Steal  a  pig
the trotters!
halloo  the   host  came  out
"What luck, Patrick?" he called.
"Come ill, come! I hope." to Byrd,
"tliat   you   enjoyed   the   day,   sir.'
''Mr. Shelton.' said Mr. Henry,
"your unworthy son-in-law has hooked seven trout. I lake oath that I
ain hungry enough at this minute t"
eat   their   heads  and   tails."
When   Byrd,   fresh   Irom   a   sousing
spring-water, came into the clean
tin- ',"o-.     what  is the matter;
"N 'thing      aunt     Mildred."      sail
"Shi   has   :-! i '.   Patrick   Ilency  : ���
thc hunt today." said Mrs.  Byrd.
Mr-.  Tillotson's  kindl)   eyes    hag
smiled  a-   she  shok   her head     "Th
colonel asked him."  she corrected
Mr-.   Bj rd's   mouth   was     roun '
ll' and off hei    "What  kind  of a  commission   i-   it|t0   an   inaudibli        '"   and   she     sat
W1.','.V,'    ,.       , that has kept him gaming and riding aown   llelplessly.
I" clip a long -tory. the jury gave at  Williamsburg a war at a  t|m, ?  i      "Tis time to breakfasl  now   girls."
my parsons a penny damages.    I'hey! never heard   .f his doing anything in said   Mrs   Tillotson.    "Haste and   lo
..  know."  he  said.   '�� say, when the old gentleman heard  the   king's   service   before   this      rip  not be late."
���������-    our    money       h-ul   -'�����  'u;   was   I   c     ���; ;,oo���   abncL     1   despise   him."  she     wetn       Mother's     afraid     of    your    uncle
I  always did.    Betsy can  have Joh. " -       Betsy as they wenl
',thrsantipoi,nds'" ciocii \lh;;t,l];;' fTiV";l '��� "���" ""::^<<^ *m <������ ���.*������ -:,������ Ss< w .h. 5s'
",C laWVtl,e ?r?C'uaC    V    ncs   '������    H���R'";-' M"r,"l,.lVr  *�����  >""'^ W�� n,..!!,,,.    A,d    I     full,       f wish  I  believed
':"     'enough, !r"��l lint a    Gladden    Hall.  ������,������   ;,        k ., t-^   "who| could  fight for people the wa;
do.     \"\i   if   you   v. ere   in   hoi
Vnne  enumerati I, ���  'twould  bc different.    I
���you   |-,��� ,   ,i,..  ���,...,    :,���.      understand   you   then.     But  'ti
worn   gi
.'i-c   the   good
a  littk   wisl
d thiiii-- ani
wind-fallen   timber.     Along   this   they   "Did  vou  sic  Charles  Fox?" i turning  t
���plodded  a  quarter-mile  to  where  on      "By   Cad.   yes,"   cried    Byrd.    "J  here���thanks   to   the  king���and    the ''���"���'������,   ���-"al  w-ls *l>:  ''ears ago,    he  on.
a   cross-roads   sal,   squat   and   sober,|meant to tell you.    It uas at Brooks'' king_ it   was   who  fixed  the  parsons; ''"';';'u.i a", :t",,'-,_ won,��. let   "\e  '"."*  him.'
,1  tavern   with  a  well  beside  it.    At  a I club   where    I    met   with      Mr.   Car},   salaries.    Slxt<
Whal  think  you  was  the  first   word good leaf, sal
Mr,  Fox said to- me when he heard parson    was i . i
I  was from  Virginia!-" |when thc law also fixes the price of  '���'    '" l>'"k ourselves to bed. is t,, ,.i(ll.-.
Henry   shok   his  head. tobacco.      \ye.   ti   was   there     where       'he   morning   ol   the     meet     -aw
"On my life, 'twas of you! To think   the rnb wa
I   had   near   forgol   it      'There's     one       "A   lield
sharp   drake   over   there.   Mr,   Byrd,'  than a queen's bank of orchids under  run.     l.yrd   and   Henry   had   arrived    ul >?'       Bets,
says he. 'that  I'd give more than a tflass.   There is* the seed-bed and the   ate  the-evening befo,-...  to  find  the  "}*k]"S a'1".*  face behind her mo- ;,   ''.l        ^;      \
crown   to  know.    Tis  the  same,  by  Hy, ihc curing, firing, bulking, sweat- bouse  full and  robes  laid downstairs  ther . back      I wonder il Mr, lien,-}   :;/'";*-���    .'   ����'    ��'�� '    _.. ;:.��r>J-
the mark, that plead againsl the par-  ing. and the planter must know ii as for the accommodation ol late euests  "'"  "ave on  Ins buckskins. S     ]r .   an    *���
'ie knows his letters.   There are sky-1    Waiting   breakfast,   Anne   stood  in hope  so,    They  arc  vastly   be-   bartender.    You lii ������
("Madden   Hall,    thc    Tillotson    seat,
more pother  twanging  with  preparations   for    tli
....I.:,I..    I....'rim I'or,I    -,,,,!     II..,,,-..    I...,I      :...
most    important,
said    mischie. msli.
what he believes and tin
sanded, stucco-paneled room, he per- "The-devil-and-Tom-Walker!       I   signs and tllc worm, harder to show one oi  th candle-lighted  r ns,  list- coming."    Anne's  serenity  was stud- |ikes  ; ....    p,,..                     ,     _
.-eive.l   his   friend  of    the   buckskins .shall never escape it."  Henry sighed than the wevil in wheat; it must notjentng to the shouts oi thc stable boy ied.    "Sou  must   let   me  crape your you ..p tl'iinlc he is a gr<   I i
slouched far down in a chair by the liigbiiriou-.lv.  tapping the ashes from blossom, nor blow over, nor be hilled and   wondering   whal     late    arrivals hair, dear:  it  i, all  tousled." all tcrrifical puzzling to me"
window.     His   shamble     legs     were his pipe.    "'Tis always 'the parsons,' too high, nor be cut  too late or too she   should   find   In-low   stairs,     and      Mrs.   Byrd  had  turned    her bead  . .���.              	
thrust   forward  and  his  chin   was
the   parsons
ll   I   wi
from   seed] absently listening  to   Betsy   Byrd de- with a gasp.   "Gracious hi
      in m m issue i
Fifty millions    of dollars    a    year
saved to those honest and industrious
men and women throughout the
Cuited States who most deserve help
to help themselves, and a devastating
commerce, capitalized ;:i the hundreds of millions, destroyed at the
same time���these are results just accomplished by the Division of Remedial Loans of the Russell Sage Foundation. Six years itgo, just after the
organization of this division of (lie
great philanthropic institution. Ar-
thin II. Ham. iu an ddress before tlie
Merchants' Association of Mew York
thus pictured a procession ol victims
of metropolitan loan sharks mi their
wa} to the loan offices to make interest payments:
Let us imagine a parade of 200,000
men, sixteen abreast, in close formation, six and one-half miles long. In
the front ranks are 2,000 policemen.
next collie _..5(K) firemen; then 2.tHHl
cither city employs, 5(X> letter carriers, 75.1XX) clerks of railroads, insurance companies, and public service
corporations; 75,000 employes from
large mercantile houses, with school
teachers, professional and business
men,, and others numbering '50,000
more. If you will just imagine a
parade of this size and character you
will get an idea of the extent of the
loan shark evil in New York.
At that time there was something
like 300 loan sharks in New Vork
city. of whom 1.17 were advertising
in a single newspaper, their lying appeals to the small borrower ' flaring
on its pages to the extent of three
columns and mote daily, and bringing them an annual businsess of $20,-
OOO.(XX). The santc general condition
was nation-wide.
Two years after the Sage Foundation began its crusade against loan
sharks there was no perceptible diminution in thc enormous volume of
their business, and the most helpful
optimist would not have dared to predict that in four years more their
traffic would practically cease to exist. And yet today a procession of
loan shark victims making payments
iu New York would be lost in the
average audience about a suffragette
orator, on a street corner,
Again, the same general condition
exists throughout the United States
���wherever the oppressor of tiie
Smalt borrower is not cut of existence the destroyer's club is swinging
over his head. Indeed, the term
"shark" that once accurately described the small money lender���a characterization connnotiiig similarity of
ethical qualities in man and  fish, un
flattering to the hitler���may be said
I" have gone out of existence except in writing of his depredations.
All over the country, and more particularly in the big cities, employers
of labor, who previously would have
discharged an employe known to
have dealings with a money lender.
have organized in their own establishments loan agencies for employes,
or, better still, have allowed employes to form agencies under their
own supervision, while the propagation of so-called "sertli-philailthropic"
remedial loan societies, operating on
the basis of definitely limited dividends, has made il possible for unaffiliated small borrowers Io obtain
emergency loans at reasonable rates
"I interesl. Wherefore Shylock's
raison d'etre has ceased; Ite ha- been
clouded  out  of business.
The small loan business, as formerly   conducted   throughout   the   l'nited
1 Slates,   was     consummate      knavery.
I The difficulty of getting  rid of    the
I shark, once in  his toils, is manifested
lin the books of a \'eu  York moneylender  that  were  examined  by    Mr,
I Ham   in   1909.     The   books     'showed
that in a list ol* 400 borrowers    163
J had   been   in   the   man's   grasp   more
I than two years, and an equal number
j from one year to a year and a half���
these   being   by   no   means     extreme
I cases.    Nor does this mean    that the
I money lender's clients bad been  huv-
' ing  different   transactions  with     him
I for  these   periods,  but  that  in    nine
leases   put   of   ten   they   were   paying
on   account   of   the   original   transactions, having already paid their loans
with  from 500 to 3,(XX1 per cent,  on
account   of   interest.    And   most     of
thenrstill owed the shark many times
the original debt.
A concerted war on thc moneylenders had all almost immediate effect on the courts. Hitherto judges
had almost invariably considered but
technicalities of the law involving
debtors, but now they began to look-
beyond the form into the actual nature of small loan transactions, and
when prison doors began to open to
convicted extortioners they began lo
go out of business by the thousands.
The year 1912 was thc first to witness the actual imprisonment of convicted usurers. Nineteen hundred
and thirteen saw the loan sharks in
the big cities practically in tlieir ultimate ditch. .Of those in active business in New York Cily three years
before there were nol thirty Whose
offices were open, and any one of
these   would)   glad1!}'   have     accepted
settlement oi outstanding claims on
a 6 per cent, basis. Before 1913 two
or three underpaid clerks ami agents
of New York mbney-lenders had
served prison sentences for usury,
while their principals on conviction
for the same offense had been lined
or given suspended sentences. That
year the two biggesl sharks ill Xew
York, Tolman and Brodie, received
penitentiary .sentences, and Tohnan
had to serve his. At the In-ginning
of 1916 there was only one of the
old-line sharks doing business in
New York, seven or eight of the
mosl obstinate of the old-timers, op
crating by trick and device, having
been put out "i business. Crowded
closer and closer to the wall, the extortioners have all but given up their
cruel Hade, with the result that
thousands have been forced into the
practice  of  legal  lending.
Prctecticn of Child Life Must Receive Greater Attention
The importance of infant ������������ bare
work at thi- stage in the nation's
crisis is daily becoming m re general!) recognized by all classes if th ���
community. For man} years "iir
public health authorities have been
sowing on what seemed very barren
ground, but the outpouring ol the
nation's blood, the willing sacrifice of
thousands of the best and most virile of the race, has caused the apparently lost seed to germinate, and
there arc now prospects of an abundant harvest. Had we looked after
our infant life during the last forty
years there ought to have been today
between the ages of IS and 40 another i;300,000 men available for the
fighting forces. In other words, we
have allowed, through our blindness.
thousands of men to die in their infancy, male babies born often quite
healthy and in all respects capable
in due time, if proper attention had
been given them, or if their home
conditions had been better, ol growing up and doing their full duty to
the nation as our splendid sons today
are doing in European battlefields.
Because of ignorance which is curable, because of improper conditions
around them which arc removable,
thousands of these fellow citizens of
oups whom we shall 'too late' wished
we had saved, now die within twelve
months of iheir arrival in the world.
���W. II. Edmonds, in Journal of the
Royal  Sanitary   Institute.
Modern Troubadour Gets in Wrong
When  Passion  Rises
Men change their style of courtship through the ages, but the same
kind of love blooms with the earl}
flowers every spring.
Ancestors of I'aiti Pittarelli, 287
Notre I lame avenue. Winnipeg, fruit
vendor, probably sal in gondolas beneath   their   hoe's   casement,   singing
'hair  shines  the  m 1  tonight"    to
the twanging of guitars, bul ���
Monday, I'aiti Pittarelli climbed
from his fruit rig in the lane at the
back door of Id-} car old Sarah \\ ill-
iams, Alexander avenue west, and
made love to the tune of "Bana-a-a-
a-nas, or-r-anges," with the sanu
warm  passion  in  hi> breast.
Miss Williams did not want bar-
anas, so Patty played lhe -,���������..ml part
ol the casement si enc at Mi-s Williams' back door.
"\\ ill you^ cine to a show with
mc(' 'ing it'" ne asl.i d  with  ,i sinih
"Tliey say I kissed hei thjen," he
said, recounting the storj ol .:s
phorl r ance, "bul   I did u it.  I   uas
a policeman before I _ uld. Now
just because I wanted to show love
to her. 'iu put iu jail."
At this time, when there is a strong] revolutiot had    ever    taken
Dossibility that hundreds of Japanese|I'lace. The country bad boldlj stepped ictition with the ad
yanced nati n s, she ha I organize
industry and finance, and bad built
up .i ow erful army; she had grown
strong enough to avoid all servilitj
t" foreigner-.
Betwi i :���   the  yeai -   1869 and
500  i  i,,l   experii no
and l< aming  had bei n im ited to .la
.'     I i -i- nu:: ha : includi
ud    econom
I -. 11 ___��� 11 -111. i _ n and i lei mai 9 of mi
!       I'l-' IH l.'M 11     lO    .'"ll-till    I     th.
legal  sj -��� md*Ei ilishu vh
iindeiiooi.   the  n   n .miction   ���;   tin
mini  and  the  m ikinj    if a powi
.inn}.    Thus  i.i a J.., v n
Any biped  with  a  sartorial  adornment can get a  wife, bul not    every
woman who gets such an animal gets
a husband.
Uncle Sam may not get 'iit-��� the
fighting actively for sonic weeks, but
lie's   read}-  to  give   the  boys  a  little
loose change for spending money.
British Electoral  Reform
The new franchise bill before the
British House of Commons may be
summarized  as   follows:
The franchise qualifications for
men of .'I pr over will be six months'
residence or occupation of business
All existing franchises arc swept
away except  the universities.
The franchise will be conferred on
any woman on the local government
register and to the wife of anv man
who is on the register, if she lias attained   the   age   of  30  years.
No elector can have more than two
votes, one tor residence in one constituency and one for his business
premises  or  university.
Redistribution of seats in Creat
Britain on a basis of 70,000 standard
unit population  for each  member.
Proportional representation in
large  urban- areas.
AH polls in general election to beheld   oil   one   dav.
residents of British Columbia may
soon be enfranchised, the following
sketch of the effects ol 0 idi tal
life upon Oriental development is
timely and interesting. .'! r Iwashil
the author, explains man} things
from thc viewpoint of the Japanese,
ami a careful reading will li .
bettei understanding ol a di lii ate
subjecs,    He  says
"The old daj - of politi a!   ippres-
sion   had   pa--id   awiiy   with   jtean
and   electricity,   which   had      liaugur-
ated a new   relatii >nship betw 11 n  tin
east  and  wcsl     Bj   ihc  vasl   Pacifi
wat'Tua;   and  b)   the  greal   railwaj
"'  Siberia, the ' iricnl and the O .   by-fop igiii i
di in   bad  come  t.u i   to    i.i. c.    The      i , ,
strong ham   ol tin   wesl had b, ,  lm"   '"    ,"""   ' ' 1f-,*-,*t,'
tened to thc weak east    It  n.,- nol        - : "    "�����  ',
to b,   v ��� thai  the new, '        '
ers had been looked al ask.,'   , *''   "V     ,:   "'  ".   '''k-
Oriental    nation.    There    ha      been ��*'" ." '"'���\,   ^   ���      .' ,v''
much   to   show   thai   the   Occidental S f-m tf        , " "���   ' ��'  '"'"i
advances   had   been  aimed   chiefly  a.   r���s !!";i -la,'",! l,a(1, mf(lc ":'r u;,i
obtaining  Japanese  trade    and    thai   u?? V      T/'t "   'r   V"'.""~':'
tliey Had Dee:' ball (
na\ ies and armies a i
exploitation from the
v  formidabl
y  powers  o
ir wind-    i
heaven���mining,  telegraph  and  what
not.    The Occidental adventurers, oi
their  side,  had  regarded  an  unavvak
cued   people  as  an   inferior  race  am
their   overbearing   manners   had     ar
oused  the  blood of Oriental
Had   it   i-"t   been   that   sonic
Westerners  had    shown    a    different
spirit, a  spirit  of sympathy and good
England am
\merican bad made i ire than luke-
v arm  efforts.    Deepei   ; roblems
justice and humanit) iiad al- ' , . ���
in\ "I, ed in the contact i i cast and
west, Friendship between different
races wa.- int so difficult as it was
supposed to be. Examples of this
could ''( see:: in the Teuto'nii and
���'���!''.,;; Turkish alliance and in ihc neighbor-
lines- ia' the Bulgars and Mac}...-.
\s regards the immigration of Jap-
"We  Anglo-Saxons���most  of us���
get our most important ideas as the
angle worm gels his breath, through
tbe skin and nol tiie head." says a
correspondent. "Common sense and
the appeals of wisdom and prudence
alone cannot do these things, but reinforced by some greal emergency
they always can: they always have.
and necessity does all things well."���
Enderby Press.
will,   matters   would   have   been     far enese   mt"   western   countries,   everj
worse. | nation   had   a   right     to   decide     who
,,   .   , ,    .       . ,, I .-hold'',   he   admitted   and   who   should
But Japan had quickly cast off be barred, but was an injunction
imediavealism and Japanese states- against Oriental immigration expedi-
men had made national independence i��t? There was a dun towards ihc
ther supreme object, lor they had, stranger within the gates. England
had before them examples of Occi- had become great through her Sense
dental subjugation ot weaker na- of fair play, which was the reason
tions. It was in 18S3 that the A,ner-!uh. she had entered into the present
ican navy had come to the shores of war, and English nations should,
Japan, lhe Emperor, the titular therefore, surely continue such tradi-
ruler. had been buried in isolation, tion. Japan was no no longer a
bm a spiritual Emperor had comelyouth but a grown man and. as such
lorward. I hen a revolution without; had iiad to gixe up some of tbe cher-
parallel bad taken place, for herej;shed youthful illusions with regard
was an r-.mperor aroused to do all to the wisdom and gpgdness of Occi-
ornis people that in other countries dental civilization. European models
had been the growth and evolution 0f eariy Using, industriousuess am!
Young men   had    been ��� hiirlilv   moral   people   were  now  only
sent abroad to study both in univer
sities and in industrialism. Not (inly
had fresh externals been adopted, but
manners and customs as well. Thus
apan had differentiated herself fron
Now  that lhe fishing season is here
the   big  stories   will   shortly  arrive.
Selieved in by children. The realtie;
had been disappointments, I ��� hid
be had been no exception. The missionaries had held up idealized
, lures if Christian honesty and puriiv
the   other   Oriental   states   and     the, ,f   motive*.     poor     Japanese:     He,
masses   had   not   hesitated   to   follow.	
suit,   forming   the   greatest    peaceful (Continti6U'oti Page Five) __-_-_���__���
-A   CERTAIN   MAX   HAD   TWO   SONS���Lake  IS
And when he came to
Sermon    preached    in
Church,   Vancouver.
.' We will not linger over details.
Jesus omitted them. It is simply an
ordinary home scene which may have
been enacted anywhere and at any-
" time. It could have been on your
own family homestead; it could have
been on my own. Tbe characters are
"A Father and Two Sons.'' It takes
no great gilt oi delineation t" discern
tiie differences in temperament of
these two brothers. Their 'make-up"
shows that while the younger is sanguine, impulsive and imprudently
generous, the elder is plodding, cautious and calculating, and seems lo
have irritated the younger by his unsympathetic attitude toward youthful
pleasures; his affectation oi superior
wisdom, and bis cynical advice.
Whereas the younger, on his part,
has doubtless often taunted lhe elder
with supiness and lack of spirit. And
so now they meet,��� to part, each
confident in his own view; llie younger, to sec the world, and, by drink-j spirit of
ing the whole bitter cup. gain his j willing.,
experience, and lhe elder, by seeming '
self abnegation, to silently await the j God, and the
natural processes of time, when, ac- by beginning
cording to law. he would gain the [only get men
farm. While the Father, on his part. I half the battle
with a heart too full f
bids farewell to his youngest son, and
it may be that with the departure the
sun goes down upon his (the father's) brightest hopes; and in the
now vanishing form Ile sees the
great expectations of earlier days
fade into the hazy misls of uncertainty. As the elder brother betakes himself to the fields, and the
father to his meditation, after ihe
departure of the prodigal, we almost
instinctively ask ourselves "Why did
the father consent to the request of
the younger son. and divided the living as he had done a few days previous to the opening of our scene;
Surely he must have noted the moody
disposition of the youth? Perhaps
it was thai parental soft-heartedness
gave way. even when a dispassionate
judgment could not approve. Free
rein is often permitted lo men before
they are finally broken to the vokc
of  obedience
An Ordinary Case
In any case, the exigencies
story, says Professor liruce,
ed that the father should so act.'
And history has given us many *>
parallel since. Beyond being carrier
away by a thoughtless enthusiasn
there is nothing iu the character o'
the lad which shows malevolence 01
cruelly. .Many tales might have beei
told of his quick and graceful courtesy and large hearted generosity. A
little gay. to be sure; he was ni
man's enemy but his own. And so,
while the father felt disconsolate at
parting wiih his light-hearted child.
yet he left him to the freedom of his
own   will   because   he   was   "The   son
of bis Father."
The interlude between the trrst and
second scene is depicted iu very few-
words, "And there wasted his substance   with   riotous   living."
Wc cannot agree wilh many, who
at this stage in the Prodigal's career,
would seek to hurl at him all lhe
anaibainas   oi   their   indignation   I
���flP'.t home,
.    The   Prodigal  came  to  himself be-
t'ore  he came    to    his    father.    His
thoughtlessness had brought him    to
Ihe humiliating depths of servile desperation.    His restlessness had weakened   his  character.    So  now   he    is
forced to review his past in the light
of   what   might   have   been.     As    he
looks   back   ou   his  career,   he    feels
lhal  his actions musl  have  lost    for
him the confidences of a son, in his
father's home.    Still  nothing but the
remembrance  of  that lost  confidence
aud  that  home arrest    him    on    bis
downward  course.    'He    began    to
think.    He   had   reached   that     stage
when a man finds out that happiness
does  not  consist  in  just  doing  whal
we  like,  or just as  we  please.    The
ease  of  the  prodigal  has  often  been
literally  repeated in  lhe  histories    of
���^individual  men.    In a  certain  pacific
oast   town   the   dish-washer's   union
las  a  membership  of  700,    1(H)    ol
whom   are   college     graduates.     Ask
them   what  led  to  their   fall  in    the
social scale and invariably tbe answer
will be, thoughtlessness.     "We don't
think enough of ourselves to get out
of here," said an old timer in one of
the camps last summer.    Wc are always going to cut loose bul somehow
we never do."    It is not for lack of
ability   that   some   become   prodigals.
Ability without stability accounts  lor
many useless lives.    Resolution made
and never kept; sins conquered    one
day and indulged in the next; opportunities   half   used   and   then   thrown
away,  is the sad and common story.
Came to Himself
The  prodigal  came  to bimsef,   and
there   is   no  other  way  that   I   know
of   whereby   a   man   can   begin   to   retrieve   his  moral  position.     Ile  must
realize his helpless condition, Neither
sacraments  nor syllogisms can    save
his soul,    livery conversion is a miracle, the result of the direct personal
action of the Spirit of God upon the
man.   But the man must be
He must prepare  Io receive
in!"  ios  heart and  soul  the spirit  of
only way lo do tllis is
to  think.     If  we    can
to think, then at least
 ._ is won.    An awakened
utterance, j conscience sees from afar off the best
robe in the Father's house and realises that hired servants are much
better cared for than a son in a
strange land. How often had thc
prodigal pulled up suddenly and said
"This will never do; I have been a
fool." and then stifled tbe still small
voice until abject hunger forced him
into the open? How often have we
bad the same promptings? I low true
we say the story is to human life?
The way to hell is paved with good
intentions," and the old Spanish proverb says "That the street "by and
bye" leads to the house "never." It
may be that for years some have been
in the state of the old miner when
asked was his conversion sudden.
He had been the greatest vagabond
and ne'er dae weel in the whole cam?
for years, when suddenly one' evening he came lo the meeting and at
the close made a brave surrender.
much to the surprise of preacher,
people and companions. "I was
stung by a sneering remark of a pal,
and refused a drink, because I had no
money, and so I came in here, but
for years I had been pulling myself
together every now and then, but
these were only resolutions. Now I
mean it, for I have thought it all
over." Today, he is the editor of a
newspaper in this province, and still
"Means  It."
husks have had quite an auacsthetical
effect. He used to be quite a' live
Christian worker back home on ids
father's place. Indeed excellent credentials attesting his X'tian fidelity
arrived in the west before he. himself came. We all expected to see
him stand in Ihe West where his
Father stood in the Easl, Inn alas.
No. We visited him and talked with
him but N'o! He was politeiy civil,
aiiij even promised a subscription
but, business, somehow in this wesl
must be attended to. And thc result
is moral and spirtual atrophy. After
the house was built, he started to
worship God on Grouse mountain
and Capilano, and now we find him
a regular visitor at these shrines.
And still feeling well. A Vancouver
minister was asked to visit a patient
in the last stages of dropsy. "Well,
how do you feel today." asked the
divine. "Never felt more comfortable in all my life" was the reply.
"That, said the attending physician,
is a sure symptom of the last stages
of the disease. Little wonder was
it that Amos roared "Woe unto them
that are at ease in Zion." Nor can
the Christian Church wholly escape
from the admonition to take heed.
She. too. must come to herself and
think. The public conscience has to
be awakened. Tbe swine troughs
have to be removed, not whitewashed. And God knows we have enough
of them in onr midst, be the community  ever so small.
moment. If for a moment
had harbored in his mind,
mounted the style from whence he
caught a glimpse of the old -homestead, in a moment that doubt had
perished for ever. For, ere he has
time to brush aside the tear that will
persist in coming, the form of his
father meets his gaze, and���strangest of strange things, he is looking
for his long lost son. As only one
who is about to receive him whom
lie has accounted dead, the father
watches the movements of the foot
sore beggar. Is it possible? At last!
The tide of compassion rises instantaneously, sweeping every other feeling before it. N'ot one momentary
struggle between pity and resentment, but wilh the tumult of emotion
swelling in his soul, the father ran
and fell on his neck and kissed him."
And tfce son sobbed, "Father, I have
Bul the Father said. "Bring forth,
quickly, the best robe, and put it on
him, and put a ring on his hands,
and shoes on his feet, and bring the
fatted calf and kill it and let us cat
and make merry, for this my son was
dead and is alive again; he was lost
and is found."
a  doubt I beach     of   snow-white     pebbles,     it rank  with their beloved pastor in all
as    he j mingles  its   fretting   waters   in     the good  reform  work.
But while the world of fashion
went to hear "Dr. Jones,, somehow
when people were in distress, they
sent  for   Brother  Faithful.
blue profound peace of the loch. Such
is the bright and varied course of the
Alpine stream, with its floral fringe;
and from its fountain to its fall it is
one continuous many-linked chain of
beauty���an epic of Nature, full ol
the richest images and the most suggestive poetry.
Political Prodigals
Captain St. John, the lion
secretary of the Penal Reform league
believes that all the harm done lo
society by ihc underworld class is a
mere bagatelle compared with the
harm done by the law courts of England. Wherever tliere is corruption
and crookedness there we have prodigals prostituting their talent aud
there we must bring all the power of
our persuasion to get the perverted
t" take a new vision of their life and
Us opportunities. "There is ,no other
name given under heaven amongst
men whereby we must be saved."
There is salvation no other way.
But   the  prodigal  does  more   than
think it over, and repent of hi
He Returns
review  over,  he   is   flow
persuaded   that  in   order   to   be
restored   lo   bis   father's   horn
ful li
ve   he must (ravel  the distance all
hy himself, and so he says "I will
arise  and go  to  my    Father,    etc "
lhe premeditated confession," says
(.odet,   "Is  the   repentance   of   fear"
I be actual confession," as we will
see, "Is the repentance of love, and
the discovery of the difference produces the reformation."    And so "He
These first moments of reconciliation,   no  one   can   describe.     To     be
known,   they  must    be  experienced.
The raptures of deliverance from imminent peril, as the slave, when,
from thc lash, and the swamp, and
the branding iron, he leaps on to the
frontiers of freedom; the child, when
lhe agonized mother presses him to
her bosom unharmed from the
eagle's talons, are as nothing to the
first gush of gladness which thrills,
through tbe breast of the forgiven
prodigal. An Orphan in a lone world,
feeding swine, now fully conscious
of ihc adoption by a living Father.
Polluted and in rags, now clothed in
the best robe. Hungry, and now the
honored guest in his father's own
[home. Do we need to tarry over the
rary | significance of this reception for our
times. "Eye hath not seen, ear hath
not heard, neither hath it entered
into the heart of man to conceive of
Ihe l.ove of God to man." That has
been visible only to lhe higher intelligences. "There is joy in the presence of the angels," we are told over
every sinner that repenteth. And
there can be no sight like that. Before il fade the most gorgeous things
thai start from canvas pr speak from
marble. Nothing so rapturous or
wonderful ever caught the poet's eve
in the rolling of its finest frenzy. Day
unto day uttereth no speech so clo-
quent; night unto night discovereth
no secret of such glowing wonder
It thrills through all the regions of
the sentient and the happy. The Son
rejoices to see of the travail of his
soul ami the Everlasting Father, al-
! testing its eternal fitness, proclaims
to the heavenly host. "It was meet
that we should make merry and be
glad for this my sgn was dead and
is alive again; and was lost and is
found." "And the Angels echoed
raound (he throne. Rejoice! for the
Lord  brings back  his  own."
A Golden Sunset
What a sunset! how golden! how
beautiful! The sun just disappearing,
and the narrow liny clouds, which a
few minutes ago lay like soft vapoury streaks along the horizon, lighted up with a golden splendour that
the eye can scarcely endure, and
those still softer clouds which floated
above them wreathing and curling
into a thousand fantastic forms as
thin and changeful as summer smoke,
now defined and deepened into grand
cur. and edged with ineffable, insufferable light! Another minute, and
the brilliant orb totally disappears,
and the sky above grows every moment more varied and more beautiful as the dazzling golden lines are
mixed with glowing red and gorgeous purple dappled with small
dark specks, and mingled with such
a blue asthe egg of the hedge-sparrow. To look up at that glorious
sky, and then to see that magnificent
picture reflected in the clear and
lovely Loddon water is a pleasure
never .forgotten. My heart swells
and my eyes fill as 1 write it, and
think of the immeasurable majesty
of nature, and the unspeakable goodness of God, who has spread an enjoyment so pure, so peaceful, and so
intense, before the meanest ami lowliest of His creatures.���Miss Mitford
His salary was not large, but he
and his family lived fairly well, and
found their chief joy in saving souls.
The Holy Spirit seemed to fill the
minds and hearts of pastor and people.
And one day the Good Angel said
of that church:���
"1 have set before thee an open
door, and no man can shut it: for
thou hast kept my word, and hast
not denied my name."���Christian
The Privilege of Prayer
The   privilege   of   prayer   to   me  is
one oi my most cherished possessions, because faith and experience
alike convince me that God Himself
sees and answers, and His answers
I never venture lo criticise. It is
only my part to ask. It is entirely
His to give or withhold, as He knows
il best. If it were otherwise. I would
nd dare to pray at all, in the quiet
of home, in the heat of life and strife,
in lhe face of death, the privilege of
speech with God is inestimable. t
value it more bacause it calls for
nothing that the wayfaring man.
though a fool, can not give���that is.
the simplest expression, to his simplest desire. When I can neither
see. nor hear nor ��pcak. still 1 can
pray so that God can bear. When
I finally pass through the valley of
tbe shadow of death, I expect to pass
through it in conversation with llirn
���Dr. Grenfell,
Lost! A Boy!
Not kidnapped by bandits and
bidden  in   a  cave  to  weep and  starve
and muse a nation to frenzied search   '"i"   ',',,,
i     i ��< _.    . . grcatlv
ing! Here that tlic case, one hundred thousand men would rise to the
rescue if need bc.
Unfortunately, the losing of the
lad is' without any dramatic excitement, though  very sail aim very  real.
Th tact is, his lather lost him!  Being too  busy  to  sit  with  him  al   the
fireside and  answer  trivial  questions
during  the  years   when   lathers    are  Scripture to tbe S'
the  great  and  only   heroes   of  boys, | was tempting   I lim
he let go his  hold  upon  him'
Yes,  his  mother   lost   him!
of the
-rose and  came to his  father"
and said unto him, "Path
sinned."     An   invincible
tion seizes him, and h
European  Appreciation  of  American
:r   I     have]     Ihc   recent  death  of  Jack   London
determine- na* produced Irom his European ad-
...... - -icts with al-hiirers,  especially  in   Russia,  varying
acrity and decision. ,-A purpose, once 'estimates  of  his  work  and    genus
ba ' mak ?���?' aCti��"' rlM* is >"si  *"��*?**���  ">*'  "pvelist,  was  the     rs.
!     ''t   f "!<; ^-'l  , ifference  be- '<>     **?*    to    "'*'"--"i*--'    Loridon"
tween   the   feeble  and   the   powerful, sticngth  and  originality as
ine great and the insignificant;    the'"1' saw in him th
null-dog   tenacity   to  see     the    thim. I'1"'   An..vlc-S;
through   no   mailer   how   hiinii
the  circumstances.    Tho  battle
won  for the prodigal when  he
He   reinforced   h
representative >���
ixon race, the strong
manly race, the race of doers." I-
uas "his experience enormous an.
personal" that he liked; h
him because he was "th
so much occupied in her leas, din-!
ners and club programs, she let the
maid hear tbe boy say his prayers
and thus her grip slipped and the
Hoy was lost  to the home.
Aye! his church lost him! Being
so much occupied Willi sermons lor
the wise and elderly, who pay the
liity, the ministers and ciders were
bills, and having good care lor dtg-
unrilindful ol lhe human feelings ol
the boy in the pew, and made no
provision in sermon or song or
manly sport for his boyishness, and
so the church and many sad-hearted
parents are now looking earnestly
for the lost boy!
lie must be found! Ile can be
found! Found just where those two
careless but pious parents enroute
from worship in Jerusalem found
thei rlost Boy; in that particular spot
in the church where interested men
were willing to meet Him and. answer in simple fashion lhe direct
questions of His awakening manhood
concerning tbe realities ol life ami
duty. Here is where the lost boy
will be found by men who are willing
to  look at   him���Menat   Work.
Satan's Bible Study
Great   barm   may   come   from   the
us.e of Ihe  Bible.    We are. of course,
injured   also     by   neglecting
the   Bible:   but   we   do   not   So   easily
realize   that   we   may   be   greatly   injured  by  ils   wrong  use.    Satan  uses-
the   Word   "f   Cod   constantly;   it   is
one   of   his   effective   weapons.     He
tries to interpret  _!*.e  Bible to us  in
ways that  God  never  intended,  ways
lhat  misrepresent  God  and   His  will
tor   us.     He   even     dared     to     quote
if God when be
Ihe  wilderness.
And so men quote Scripture today
prove almost anything that is con-
trary to God's will, lt is just here
that tbe duty ol "rightly dividing the
word of truth" comes in, or, as tht
margin of the Revision suggestively
reads, "holding a straight course in
lhe word of truth." Ur. Griffith
Thomas has reminded Bible users*
that "all Scripture was written lor
us, but not necessarily to us." The
Bible contains many promises to the
Jews, for example, that are often
carelessly quoted by Christians as.
though made to tbe church. < >r
Scripture that is intended for Christmas under certain circumstances we
take to ourselves when we are not
under  these   circumstances,
Really  intelligent   Bible  study  does;
not   ignore   cominonsense,   it  puts    a
premium on ii.
Going With the Bunch
cause bc was a "Rebellious youth."
Experience tells us that a man may
he a royslcring prodigal among the
slew- of sensuality, and may even
sink lo the utmost depths of degradation, withoul being in open rebellion agansil his father's home, iiis
affection does not necessarily have
to lu- absolutely alienated in order t"
complete his prodigality, lie may
forget the obligations of his position
and the kind outflowings of the generous heart, which, for his indulgence, had spared neither effort nor
sacrifice. His heart may wander
from its early tenderness and become
warped, by yielding to the lust of
freedom, from its filial love. But
cannoi all this be accounted for by
"Thoughtlessness"? Ile played the
fool, and the inevitable end was want
and misery, and just as evil fortune
would have it. when all his resources
were exhausted ' There arose a
mighty famine in that land." Then
thc spendthrift began to realize for
the first time, where his thoughtlessness had carried him  to.
"But no man can see hi*
lookinc at it." said George
son. "He can only see it by
away from it." And so oul
shows us the Prodigal by the swine
troughs looking away towards his
father's house. By a vision of purity
lie saw his own impurity. He felt
himself miserably clad in rags when
he remembered the robes in his fatb-
In some newspapers an advertisement appears after this fashion, "Go
with the bunch to the pool-room." It
is always printed in deep black letters. Was every anything more appropriate, And yet, "going with the
bunch" has made more prodigals
than anything else. It takes no effort to become a prodigal. Wc have
only lo glide along down the stream
and then over lhe rapids, and finally
(lashed lo pieces on the bleak, ban-
rocks ol despair and remorse. Is it
then not common sense to "Begin to iV
reckoning,      Consult
The Unseen Harvest
Twenty-live   years   ago   I   preached
,    , . ���  m>' hrs' sermon at a little church  in
purpose   by    jhat limidbecause he was "the enemy    nf Kansas,    It was a miserable attempt
act     Is purpose was confession  '"POtcncc   nnd   decrepitude,   of   fruit-'and  I   felt blue.    I   wondered '
that_ purpose  musl    be  carried! ��s IamCnta ion and pity."   The Rus- all. 1 was called to be a preacher
a ne font a "m^Z���   he uMi "cih    1 'tl?_i U:,"liovsk*v' "" the ollu�� I    Not lo"�� a����- "* a strange city, a
wine irom a long distance,    He came "*-���"���'   thinks   London   greaty    over-1 man met me on the str.-ei -md ,--,'n   '
oX_J��'' jT^ "f a"' he came i^ted, calling him "a Yankee.'a salel-'me b "mime. ""' " ""
h�� ,, T?i      ?��� S,d    cond��i��n-    I lei1"*'"  "* a derby,  playing Zaratbnstra ! he said, "1
as now the attitude toward his fat!.- ��r uy��". and dealing in oceans  teni-: the
er  winch   will  not be  despised.     But Pe8.��;   Utcifers,     prairies.     Working ago   iu   a   little   church
whether  or not  he must confess,  ir-  lor the firm of Struggle & Fie
respective of consequences.    His re-K0"Vers; he forces upon us all
putation  is at  stake.    Hut  what    of ol   ��h��i>-W0rn  stuff which  has
of  I
! think.'
sin  by
the chart. Take a look at lh
altitude and ascertain exactly where
you are on (be course of life. Today
the weather may be fair and favorable. Tomorrow the sky may be
cloudy and. the Sun obscured. Some
may say. "I cannot see the use." I
am impossible. I have tried so often." I'or a long time the dump
heaps at the lin mines in Cornwall
were regarded as useless. Scientific
brains worked and worked to discover a use for all this material but in
vain, and so the heaps piled up. At
last radium was discovered and it
was found out. upon experiment, that
it could be manufactured from these
dump heaps, and today the refuse
from the mines is more valuable than
the mines themselves. Augustine.
Bunyan, John B. Cough and hosts
of others were once piled upon the
world's moral dump heap and regarded as useless until the Spirit of
God touched their hearts and changed their lives, and where can there
be found greater trophies of grace
than  those we have just named?
"Business Swine Troughs"
But it. is not only the "Broken
earthern heap prodigal" whom we
call on today to begin to take heed
and think. The well dressed, fairly
well to-do classes in this last wesl
supply us with the worst kind of
prodigal. The one who is seated by
the swim- trough and does not know-
it. Who thinks himself all right.
His swine trough is known by the
well known name of "Business." The
that.    His character means  far  rr
than his reputation. He has done a
wrong and what is troubling him
I now is not the wrong itself but the
| confession, li was in the sin Itself
and in the willingness to have com-
nulled it. (hat the shame lay. R|g|,t.
��� ul confession is something lo which
we must all come gladly and cagcrtv
as a move at least toward righting
lhe wrong. When we see sin
nearly as God ses it, no result
| no mailer bow painful, will ever
as did the sin itself, i lm
putation will never hurl ns
as much then as the knowledge thai
we have offended our Father who
are in heaven.    |n the Pharisee and
Publican story (Luke IK:9-24| why
think vou. was the Pharisee rejected
notwithstanding his goodness? \||
he said about paying 100 cents in tin-
dollar may have been perfectly line.
' o one denied it. and yet lhe Pllb-
lowu justified more than
In the Pharisee's prayer
we find no repentance: no supplication for mercy. He was good enough already. The publican cried.
"Lord be merciful to me a
He was penitent like the
confessing his said condition
"And he arose and came to his Fa
thei. But while yet afar of his Fa
ther saw him and was moved
bean   went
the  other.
g about on the European markets since the days of Chateaubriand.
Kupriu. the novelist, ranks London
With Kipling, while all the Russian
critics who have written aboui him
are united in finding his "art and
Style truly American." As Russians
Ihey are inclined to like him on account of the contrast he offers to
Iheir own way of thinking. Thus
Volsky writes: "Dark, devious passion is the business of old Europe;
the American is enamored of force
Primitive love, primitive hale, stubborn will, the storming of life, inability lo generalize, and a distrust
"i generalization���such is Jack- London, for such is America,
decidedly   bewildering.
"Vou don't know  me,"
but  I  know you.    I   was  in
congregation   twenty-five     years
in    Kansas.
ementai i'l'hat sermon  led  me  into  th
I lieu he added lhat he was pastor
ol an active cln-.rch in (he Capital city
ol his Slate. i assure you 1 was
walking ou air when he led me. God
luni sent mc lhe message  I  needed.
Results always follow when a
Christian noes his best for God, Hi-
may nol see any , I these result's, bm
God sees liuiu. Then lei hii discouraged .-cr..>:il work on, trusting
Hilll who has | tomiscd, ".My \\ ini
. . . . shall not return unto Me void,
but it snail accomplish that which I
please, and n shall prosper m flic
thing whereto  I  sent ft."���Ex,
Keeping Abreast
II Lot's wife had been pressing
lorward beside him, doubtless she
would have escaped her doom. She-
had lagged wearily behind, then she
looked   back   and   went   no   further.
11 Peter had entered the high
priest's palace at John's side, there
would have been no denial to torture
him   in   after  years.
It is not the van of the army that
furnishes the deserters; they come
from among the stragglers in the-
Whatever we have to do, if it is
worth doing, we should keep abreast
ol the movement. To drop back is to
lose faith and interest and to discredit the cause. Half-hearted service is
often worse than none; it discourages others and brings neither
strength nor blessing to the grudging giver.
"Whatsoever ye do, work heartily,
as unto the Lord." No one can suc-
cesstnlly push forward and hang
back at the same time.
An Alpine Stream
Down from tllis flowerv region the
stream flows with augu'mented volume, bickering over the shingle with
a nay poppling sound, and leaving
creamy wreaths of winking foam between the moss-grown stones that
protrude from its bed. It laves the
roots of the crimson heather and
lhe   palmy   leaves   of  the    lady
prodigal,  The  sunbeams  gleam upon   its'' open  had   "la
The Ministry That Tells
The "Rev. Dr. Jones" was the popular pastor ol a large city church,
lhe people said he was a "greal
preacher." One reporter even waxed
so loquacious as to say of his Christ-,
mas sermon: "Doctor Jones went
rustling among the stars and climbed
to the last round on the ladder oi
intellectual culture, aud grandly leaned against the shining summit of ambition."
Ur.   Jones   rarely   read
from  the  bible.     He  had
fern, j that long ago.    Of course
with  "messages  from  the  he.
ens;"   the   rainbow  arches  its   waterfalls; the panting lamb comes to cool
with its parched  tongue in its limpid  wat-
trs:  the  lean   blue  heron,  with   head
..,,     ... and  bill  sunk   on  its  breast,    stands
the Kcception motionless in its hallow watching for
ire  now    beginning    to    feel i minnows all the long dull afternoon-
proud of our prodigal.    The  courage I while the dusky ousel flits from stone
Which he is displaying in passing the to stone in all  the fearless plav    ol
scenes   of   revelry,   alas   so   memor-l'ts happv life.
able  and shunning the joys for which I     Hurrying     swiftly     through
i'    h, .s  paid   so  dearly  and  hurrying j brown  heathy wastes that cloth
lower slopes, it lingers awhile where
thc trembling aspen and the twinkling   birch   and    the    rugged    alder
rge   congregations
his "text"
he always
'  and   "big
on towards the homestead on the hill
arouses our sympathy. The city of
destruction is behind,' and in and out
the sloughs he wades, nassing in his
haste, such old friends as Mr. Wordly
Wiseman, Mr. Ignorance, and Mr.
Pliable, but still he presses on, repeating to himself the now familiar
rhyme, "Father I have sinned.
last the long lane is reached,
old familiar
On   week   days
with  the   "boys"
time."    Me   was
ways  careful   not
on-keepers, gamblers, etc. Meanwhile, the poor, obscure members ol
bis llo'.k were starving for the bread
of hie.
And one dav the Good .
ol that church:���
"1 know thy works, '.hat
a moiie, that thou bvest,
he   minglol   freehand  had  a  "good
"neutral"  and     alto  offend  the   sal-
'-ngel  said
1  was
enes  crowd  in  on  his
and  he  falters, but  onlv for a
weave their leafy canopy over it,
(reckling its bustling waves with
ever-varying scintillations of light
and shade; pauses to water the crofter's  meadow  and  cornfield,  and    to
supply the wants of a cluster of rude i praying with the sick. etc.
moss-grown huts on its banks, which | His congregations were hot large
look as if they had grown naturally; but consisted of earnest, faithfui
out of. the  soil; and then,  through  a' Christians   who   S-tOOd   in   the     iront
The  "Kev.   Dr.   Faithful'1
lor ol another church. II
a "grand orator," but he was a good
Bible Student, and a laitlil'ul Cospel
preacher. Much of his time was
spent mvisititig thc  poor and  needy
Mother and  Son
0 son of mine,  I  gave  thee at    thy
country's call;
I   thought  of  duty,   pride,  an  honored name,
But   not  of   wounds  and  death:  aud
now, if thou shouldst fall,
() son of mine, what  would  I  care
lor  fame?"
"O   mother   mine.   I   lelt   thee   calm-
eyed,  tmi-  and  strong;
Why   falter   now?     We   each   must
stand   thc   lest,
At home���or here or here entrenched
to fight and end the wrong.
0 mother   mine,    be   brave,    and
leave  the rest."
"O  son  of  mine,  I  see  thee 'mid  Hie
smoke   of   guns,
1 hear the shrapnel's shriek, 1 see
thee  stand
Alert and  fearless,    near    a  line    di
grim-faced   Huns.
(.) son of mine, fight on to save our
"(.) mother mine, thy faith and courage help me here,
Thy love and prayers surround me.
like sweet swell
01 garden lilies in the stench of war.
God's   near,
O  mother mine, and all shall    yet
bc well."
Author Passes
Henry Benjamin Wheatley, the
known British author, died last week
He was born in 1838 in Chelsea. He
was an authority on Pepys and Pep-
yslana, and the author of several volumes on the discursive diarist. He
had also published several volumes
dealing with bibliographical subjects
f  London.
��� thing the kaiser
tht big scrap is
Is   that   he   didn't
with  the  h'sti
ry o
Weil.  ;: ere'
-   on
can  not  say j
finished,  and
know the gun
&_ t
The number of lines between Central and
vimr place of business, especially Private
Branch Exchanges, is determined by the
length of time they are in use.
If ymir exchange operator and your
clerks answer with "Hello," ii necessitates
the calling party asking each of those whn
he is talking to.
Whereas, if the operator answer- promptly with lhe name of the firm and ihe clerk-
answers promptly with the name of the department, about 10 per cent, of ihe useful
lime of vour lines is saved.
Art  Violins  and  Their  Prices
The   competition    of   the    American PACIFISM
buyers   during   the   last   thirty   years j 	
has  given an  additional  stimulus    to  Said  Confucius  to  ihc  Chinks,
"V"ii  should  live  for  peace,    me-
Do not join  the martial lists���cultured  folks  arc  pacifists;
If  you're   gentle,   sweet  and  kind,
Others  will  be  so  inclined;
Constant   peace   you   will   possess   ii
you   scorn   preparedness."
I China  listened,  China  heard,,   China
look   Confucius'   word.
Placid, inoffensive, meek, not a corf-
.wing  official     inemorand-! MUeil   did   she   seek.
tFrom the Toronto Globe)        ithe advance of prices.
The term "Art" violins is applied Canadian violinists, amateurs and
lo those violins which, while thor- j dealers, have entered the purchase
oughly satisfactory in thc matter of field, and have acquired an excellent
lone, excel in beauty of form, pattern i collection "i fine instruments al-
"f wood and color and lusire of var- though thc number is not yet lar;;e.
nish. These qualifications are met It would appear from what has bcc'.i
io the highest degree in the instru-isaid that the possessors of high-class
ments of the famous  Italian makers, violins have a valuable asset
and  to a  lesser  degree  in  those    of I  ���  ���  ���	
their pupils and disciples.    From  the ��� The Wrong Policy
da} -   oi   thc   seventeenth   and   eight- j
c(mh centuries, when the violins of     Th.
Stradivari, Cuameri and Amate, com-1urn was issued last week at Ottawa: Only asked to work and plaj  in her
pell   the   wonder   and   admiration     of   "There   -eems   to   be   a   growing   ten- Simple   humdrum   way:
lhe   musician   and   artist,   there     has   dency  throughout   the   country  where   Did,   then,  peace   remain   her   lot?
been   an   ever  growing   desire   on   the   men   found   guilty   of   certain   crime*       Gentle   reader,   it   did   not!
part  "i the professional and amateur   have   been   remanded   for   sentence   in
players to own  one or  iwo of  these order that  they might  enlist and ap-   ;ano."s  **nat Of warlike   'Ian-.
instruments, and there has also arisen I peat in uniform.   Sir Edmund Kemp I ���*fl?BU  !".',. rs*   ' art:lr, knani
a class of art    loving    people    who strongly   deprecates   tbis   course    oi  Finding; China  would., l.scrap, walk-
spend much time and money in form-   action  in  lhe  case of  crimes of  seri-1   ,      . l'd  upon   her  placid  map.
ing  collections of  high  class  insiru-  ous   nature,  as   he   does   not  believe  Sparing  neither  age   nor   sex.  trainmen!.     Painters, poets, singers, and that su.h mien would make depend- ,   ,,  5le<- ��n .',"-' Chinese necks
those   possessed  of  a   taste   for kind-   able  soldiers, and.  moreover, he does   Robbed   and   pillaged,   gathered   loot,
red art.s have fallen under the lure of not consider that they would be wel- ���ade   ,Ir'   Chinese   slaves     to
the "Cremona." corned in the ranks."' I ,.      ,",'.'* , ,
j         .  '.Moral���1 ou     call     bet     that     peace
W.   E.   Gladstone,   the   poet   Long- Mr,   c].__  r>-n._.,_i mighty   .suddenly   will   cease
fellow, the novelist Lord Lytton
Oliver Wendell Holmes and numerous other eminent men have written
gowing  panegyrics  on   thc   art   violin.
Mr. Slice O'Bread
A Nc
Summer Food
For Babies
Sou-Van Buttermilk
We recommend your giving baby
and your growing children lots of
Fresh Buttermilk during lhe coming
Here is ane ronomical and wholesome food-drink thai costs but little
but builds up the yung constitution
as   no   other   food   v.ill.
Sou-Van Buttermilk is made from
properly ripened cream according to
the original buttermilk recipe.. We
list no preservatives or artificial ingredients���that is why wc are able
p. claim a (lean, reliable food-driuk
that you and the little people will
fully  enjoy.
Made under ideal conditions���sent
I"   yon   in   sterilized     bottles���FIVE
Phone   Hair.   2624,     or    ask     vour
If you are  not  trained and  fit to  go j driver   for  a   supply.
"in   and   fight   for  it.
Bcrton  Braley.
Arctic Submarines
irlv as   1899,  Mr.  Simon  Lake.;
a slice of  Bread.
I  measure  three inches by Iwo and
i  half,  and  my  thickness  is  half  an
Will, the growing demand am; lim- inch.
ited supply there has been a tremen- My weight is exactly an ounce.
dous advance in price- of the'best I .mi wasted once a da) by 48.000,-Lthe inventor of the "Lake" type
Italian instruments, especially dur- 000 people in Britain. .submarine, proposed and plannei
ing llie past filly years. It seems I ���ni -'the bit left over;'' lhe slice submarine for sailing under lhe ice
a marvel that while Stradivari charg- eaten absent-mindedly when really 11 of the Arctic water- to the North
ed, as a rule, only $2<l for his violins, wasn't needed; I am the waste crust. Pole. It vvas realized that this wa.v
well preserved specimens now fetch It vou collected me and my com- of travelling would save an explorer
thousands of dollars. Only tlie other minions for a whole week you would many tedious months and would in-
day   Messrs.   Hill   &     Sons,     dealers find   that   we  amounted   to 9,380  tons   crease   the  assurance   of   his   reaching
London,  England, sold  ihe ''Messie"  of g I bread���waste! his  destination,     But   the   submarine
Strad   for  $25,000,    The   four   Brilish Two  shiploads  oi  good  bread!           ''-;is in it* early -.t.i.__c "i development
iiul.es   who   made   I.ady   Halle,   some Almost   as  much.���striking an aver-   und   lhe   carrying   out   of   lhe     plan
twelve  years ago. a  present    of    the age���as 20 German  submarines could   never  got   much  further   than   a   few
"Ernst" Strad  paid $5000 for it. The sink���even if ihey had good luck.        experiments.      The      extensive    im-
Irish   tenor John   McCormack,  a   lew- When you throw' me away or waste  provements   in   tiie   submarine    since
iveeks   ago.   paid    several    thousand me you arc adding 20 submarines t"  'hat  tirrfe, however,  have  again  been
d '.!:,*���-   for    the    '"Wienianske-Guar- :hc German navy.                                    the cause of further consideration of
mcri."  . -,�� .  ' the  matter,    'i'he  submarine  required
Sou-Van Milk
.South   Vancouver   Milk   Co.)
Scientific Dairymen
Having purchased a large consignment "I high ipialit} white paper at
a very reasonable price, we are now in
catalogues, books, pamphlet's, dodgers, etc. 'flu- Standard fob Depart-
!��� ent, 426 Homer .-::���'���,���;:' phone Se -
iii   nr 470.
the appreciation ot prices has progressed with tiie second rank Italian
violins. A letter has just been received in Toronto irom George Mart, life
the widely known London dealer, dozen.'
stating lhal he has jusl paid S.iiWtl rose...
for a Jean Baptiste Guardagnini, titers
wliich thirty years ago his father sold bm ��� i
for $500. There has been a corres- world,
ponding increase in the value of the
instruments of the Italian makers of Th."
lhe third rank, as also of the stars an t .
i the Tyrolese school, of which lis sin
Stabler  is  the   leading   representative,   deuce.
But  Only   One   Mother
Most   of all   the beautiful   things  i:
i\  nn: Mvrriuc of the "BENBv-
need ii"l be very much different Irom        oi.ENT SOCIETIES' act.
bv   tw
d     hm
the   Deutschland,  it   is  said
in- -���: ing of i !"���  Britli
i- i nn--  Bern' Assoi i-.o
threes,   by
Plenty of One "i the cardinal vut
siiu.'-ts. rainbows, bro- liness. My neighbor, ti:
isters, aunts and cousin, maker, all summer is mal
e mother in the whole and all winter is makiiij
:   l)"ii-:las   Wiggin. gigs and chariots; ami  so u
lirst days oi the new season  i- read}   Association   hereby   abai
starts oul  without! with   his   carriage,   which   is   itself  an'Jects "I Un- Association
.   d   plenty   of  patches  invitation.     \nd  ihe   putting   liter  into   the   posl   "iu-  minute   1
the mail bag is closed is a greal tri- 1. To promote
uniph over late. -'.nd in all
affairs the sens oi being reai
up with the hour imparts t ��� :.
:ountenance and demeanor a
Icrful air of leisure and sue
Emerson's Journal.
er,  n.
.1   I'l   822
cks   al   I'rovi-
Koseri   Building:,   V:,,
carriage  Tuesday. Un- 26th dny of May. 1917. nt
g  sleig I-,   7:.;ii (iiu, for iln- purpose <��i  conslder-
liglit    ������;,'.   Ing   in1".   'I   deemed   advisable,  passing
'   ..      Hi.- following resolution:
Tl..,    il...   1.-1,1.1.   <-..i I,;-,    Loggers'
In,-    ,.ii-
���1   out in
dei laralInn 1 iP-d on the
y,   i""7.  :,ml   i.ilupt   the
liles oi
-- than
w   Trail
Miles of Road
In I'.. C. there as 15,638
wagon roads, all built for
a million a mile. In Ymir, i
riding, there arc 715 miles of roads
and .100 miles of trail-��� in Slocan riding. 24-1 mile- "i roads and 2X7 miles
"i trails; in Kaslo, 197 f road and
571 miles of trails; jn Cranbrook, 599
miles of roads and 291 miles ol
trails: in Fernie, 352 miles of r ads
and 1..0 miles of triiN: in Gram
Forks, 339 mil.-- oi r lads and or
miles nf trails; iu Greenwood, 170
miles oi' roads ami 27 miles of trails.
No Eavesdropping on Telephones
An effort to penalize telephone
subscribers who listen ii ";i rural
telephone lines i- being made in Ontario, where Hon. I. I',. Lucas, attorney-general, has introduce'! a bill in
the legislature t" impose a fine "i
mn exceeding $25 on .-ih li offenders,
ii detected. < Iperators i 'in d guilt}
of similar dismeauor will suffer the
same   penally.
,-r, -:> and vvel-
I'rn . iiu'. , ' I ;rit ,.--i ('uluin -
i.i.-i in respect "f the Logging industry;
_��� 'In i.i'iii^ logether the persons Interested in the hogging business ns .->.-:
��� ���ul in the Byla. s. as eligible lor ineni-
i- rahlp;
'i'li consider ways and means for
the betlermenl of their condition nnd
for the promotion ol theli business and
lie Logging Business generally in
British Columbia;
���I. '!'" make such arrangements as
the Association shall deem expedient
wiih similar Societies "r Associations
within "r outside tin- limits of Britisli
Columbia   lor   ihc   interchange   of   In-
ormation rels
.*. To regula
iraetleable, ���"
ml   legally il"
ml   requlreme
Logging I ii-
spars.   i
.-sl iblis
1  othei
1 'n
.   may   be   properly
ii- .miimi in' Forest
���in ii, do- demands
ir  the  Manufactur-
i and means, ir pos-
���i. Mi.- Manufacture
ereby  uniformity  in
-oil]' .-.-.I Ih      of    lot   .
.nil  timber  may  b>.
u n;
��� i Products:
rovide   ways  and     m .-
i" ne,'.-Miry mono i"
v expenses incurred ii1
tin- objects of this  Asso
linn   of   111-
idustry nmi
he  A-.-'"': ���-
\ .
"��� lii
-ii nl
'!'    rai
to   d
1 two  lot-  i,
No Pikers
ar  lax  has been put
���   meet   ticket-.     S I
.vill  now    nol  only
o   their  Int.  but   will
their country.
ry. null ti
io ��� ut tllc |
i-iil    I"   sum
pttFcffisi-^'g A,ea
\r area ol  13,500 Tfrjii-"
lands north of tin- cit
has   bein    sold    I"    Scott       &       Vlu
cattle dealers, ol  Marshalltown, I
Influence is i" be measure
ihc  extent  oi surface  it   cover,
bv   it- kind    \V.  E. Channing
11 To promo*-! co-operation between
il i Loggers .-inl llu- Manufacturers o��
lumber; , ,
12 To promote Un- sale '���! wooa
products, mill to discourage tlie use of
suubstitutes   therefor
DATED at Vancouver, !'��� ''. the 3rd
day  of April,  ISM ___       ,
lie recent British iItum en th* WeeUsm Front���onr ever-moving Artillery���eettiujj a Field Qun in position.    " ~
-      -  ���fitOft ��# covrtett ol 0, ft gj
ridging In the Balkans.
__     ���Photo ly courteiy of V. P. R.
A man v.^t'o t" be ki
company he kepi. .Vow
by  the garden  he  cultivates
Stock  gambling  is the real  !
Mr.   I ligl;  v'osl   Living.
i   ny    iln
(Continued from  I'age   Three i
too. had hoped to find lliese. but the
ideal had rapidly died out like a fallen
i-.uropcai.s were apt to pronounce
Jaiiau as incomprehensible, but this
was 'ine Io a lack oi i
which   was   sheer   mental
lorn just. Much tliat might appear
strange in Japan could be accounted
for by the many centuries of isolation
through which Japan had past. Even
the kimona dress was no different to
the flowing robes which were siill
used by the professors of thc arts
and sciences of ihe present day in
Europe. The religion of Japan included a reverence oi their ancestors, and in similar manner they ex-
pci'tci! to be revered by their des-
cendents. The civilization of both
Europe and Japan had been imitative.
A truer understanding of Japanese
culture would bring a more just appreciation of Japan and her relation
to  European   civilization.
IN*   Tin:  MATTER
17.   North   "i'    '-i
1-2   B
WHEREAS-      applicati
made for a Certificati   oi   inaeieasioie
Till'- to tlic above mentioned   lands  in
nlthe inline of William John Adair:
'.WU WHEREAS on  Investigating  tlic
.    title   it   appears   iliat   you   were     the
(.riticism   withoul   sympathy   was  sel-   holder of a richt  lo purchase the said
lands, under an unregistered Agreement for Sale, dated L'nd February,
xow THEREFORE, I hereby give
you notice Unit P is my intention :��� t
ihe expiration of fourteen (141 days
from iho serylce on you of tliis notice
(which mav be effected by publication in "Tin- Standard" I'or 5 consecutive issues), lo effect registration in
pursuance of the said application,
free      from     the    above      mentioned
Ali ment   for   Sale,   unless   you   ta*<c
and prosecute llie proper proceedings
to establish your claim. If any, to
said lands, or lo prevent such proposed   action  on   my   part.
Dated at Die Land Registry Office.
Vancouver. R C, this 12 th day of
April,  A.D.,   1917.
District Registrar.
To:    Joseph  S.  Merson.
5w���1 MX
She .Standard
Published every Saturday at 42(1  Homer Street,  Vancouver
Telephone   , Seymour 47C
Registered   at   the   Post   Office   Depa*tment,   Ottawa,   a*
_3o< '��� r. i  Cl&MM MafI  Matter'.
Tu all points in Canada. United Kingdom, Newfoundland
Mew  :;������ i.-uiii and other  Hritish  Possessions:
Potting*, to American. European ano other foreign countrler
II.iO per year extra.
The  Htandurd   will   be delivered   to  any  addtess   lu  Van
couver or vicinity at ten cents a month.
Member of tho Canadian Press Association.
Tbe Standard, with which is Incorporated the Saturdaj
Chinook, circulates In Vancouver and tho citfea, towns, vll-
lafe'-'B and settlements throughout British Columbia. In
politics the paper Is Independent Liberal.
 Tin- Standard Company
..The Standard Job  Department
Phone Seymour 9086
We Write Insurance in Sound, Reliable Companies.
Dow Fraser Trust Co.
122 Hastings St. West.        McKay Station, Burnaby
Client a
414 Pender St. West
Vancouver, B. C.
Canadian Financiers Trust Co.
Incorporated 1907. First Company to obtain Registration under the B. C. Trust Companies' Act.
(Certificate No. 1)
Executor, Administrator, Trustee under Wills,
Mortgages, Marriage Settlements, Receiver, Liquidator and Assignee, Fiscal Agent for Municipalities
for sale of Debentures, Registrar and Transfer
Agent for Companies. Agent for Real Estate and
collection of Rents.   Insurance and Investment.
839 Hastings Street West
. -^.icniy But bis own. And so,
ihile tlie fatlier felt disconsolate at
parting with his light-hearted child,
yet he left him to the freedom of his
own vvill because he was "The son
of his Father.''
The interlude between the ti-rst and
second scene is depicted in very few
words. "And there wasted his sub-
ttance  with  riotous  living."
Wc cannot agree with many, who
at tliis stage in the Prodigal's career,
would seek to hurl at him all the
anathamai of their Indignation because he wa- a ''Rebellious youth.''
Experience tells us that a man may
be a roystefing prodigal among the
stews of sensuality, and may even
sink to the inmost depths of degradation, without being in open rebellion agansit his father's home. His
affection does not necessarily tiav
to be absolutely alienated in order to
complete his i'"j:~'''       "������    may
Thc  new  method   take
ment app
with the '
is  alway:
lers.    W
bunch"   h'
than anyfr- y^-
foi-t to hey CO,
only to k\
and then |
dashed  to
rocks of (j
then not
the chart
altitude  a*:ss
you are a
lhe   wrath,   ��� ..  ,    ,
able; T,,.* Is predicted
cloudy ani crop oi llu
may say. ' well, because
am imposs,lt 0f Hawaii
ten.'       I'or
The Lumber Industry In British
Columbia In 1916
Thc reporl of the Forest Branch of the Provincial
Government for 1916, just made public, is always
an interesting and valuable document as showing the
state ui an important natural resource, and an industry that enters into inure phase:- of Provincial activity
than that ni any other industry in llritish Columbia.
The lumber cut of 1916 totalled 1.280.263,000 feet
board measure, as against 991,780,200 in 1914. The
estimated value of the cut in 1916 was $35,528,000.
and the corresponding figures for 1915 and 1-914 are,
respectively, as follows:' $29,150,000. $28,680,000.
The value of 1913 cut was $33,650,000.
The lumber industry in the Province has not received any direct war prosperity, as liave otliet producers nearer the scene of hostilities. The only direct
demand for. war purposes was for Aeroplane spruce,
which is found at its best in Britisli Columbia, and
for shell boxes. The shell box production in 1915
was $750.0000. while in 1916 it was $1,833,000.
The increase in value of 1916 over 1913 is chiefly
attributable to an increased production of shingles
and boxes. The manufacture of boxes was stimulated
by contracts placed by the British War Office. The
two excellent crops of the prairies in 1915 and 1916
created a good demand for lumber and shingles.
which increased production and bettered prices. This
is to a large extent the cause of the increase in value
over 1915 of over $6,000,000.
Timber scaled in 1.916 is presented in three tables
in the report. The tables show, first, the amount
scaled in each district by months and classes of material; second, the legal classification of the land from
which the timber wias cut: and, third, the proportion
of each species.
The most noteworthy feature is that tlie total
scale of 1.280.000,000 feet 11.M- is over 25 per cent,
greater than the 1915 total, most of this gain taking-
place in the last six months of the year. Moreover,
the increase was general, as every district reflected
the better conditions in an increased cut. Xo other
resource is so generously distributed over the entire
Province and wields such a tremendous influence on
the every-day economic life of its people. Slightly
better conditions in the lumber industry immediately
shows itself in greater activity in practically all the
communities throughout the Province.
The table showing the source of timber brings out
tlic fact that very old Crown grants supply the largest
amount of saw-logs, with timber licenses a very close
second, followed by later Crown grants, timber leases
a'nd timber sales. Practically no timber was used in
railway construction, so the classification "Railway
Permits" used in previous years has been omitted.
Of the species of lumber cut, Douglas fir and
cedar of course predominate. Together thev constitute nearly three-quarters of the cut. Tliis table is
approximate only, but serves as a guide to the proportion of the different species making up the year's cut.
Tliere was a marked increase in the timber-sale
business in 1916 over the previous year. One hundred
and thirty-three sales were awarded, which will return an estimated revenue to the Province of nearly
$260,000, whereas the 1915 timber-sales amounted
only to $152,000. This increase is partially explained
by the increase of 16 cents per 1000 obtained over
the average price of 80 cents per 1000 for 1915, but
is mostly due to the greater quantity sold in 1915.
The average area of sales was 175 acres, which shows,
that the great bulk of the timber -sgjd* ."ar in small
fractions adjoiniii,g.i*x;.c;iug"operations and could be
logged t0~*Jl��-b'est advantage at the same time.
���''War demands for spruce may again be noticed
in the fact that in 1916 nearly three times thc amount
of spruce was sold as in 1915. Cedar was also in
strong demand throughout the year. 8.000.000 feet
more cedar being sold than Douglas fir, and for 16
cents per 1000 more.
ada's pulp resources as never before. Eastern Canada has not received all ihis attention, for British
Columbia's pulp resources are beginning to be realized. The plants in operation in the Province have
run continuously throughout the year, the output for
1916 being as follows:-���
Paper manufactured     65.22'' ton--
Sulphite wood-pulp     14,389 tons'. .. .
Commencement was made on new operations by
tliree companies���one at Swanson Bay, which started
operations early in 1917; another at Ocean Falls,
where a large amount of development work had
already been done, and which will commence producing paper some time in 1917: and the third at Quatsino Sound, where building operations have been in
progress for some mouths and will likely conttnue
during the coming year.
Selective Conscription
The value of sales remained almost tide same irl business
Canadian Shipping and Mail Subsidies
The total amount of mail subsidies and steamship
subventions to Canadian shipping asked for the fiscal
year ending March 31, 1918, is $2,630,734, according
to the report of the Department of Trade and Commerce of the Dominion, Part VI. just received. In
addition to this two payments aggregating $321,666,
for services between Canada and China and Japan
and between Canada and France are authorized by
statute. Of the amount asked. Sl.8-14.166 is for Atlantic services and $487,142 is for Pacific services
leaving something less than $$300,000 to be distributed among companies operating various local services.
The payments, which are on the same basis a-
those authorized during the fiscal year ended March
BI, 1917. are apportioned by trades as follows:
Annapolis, Loudon or Hull          5.000
Canadian Atlantic ports and Australia and
New Zealand       140.000
Canada and Great Britain   1,000.000
Canada and Cuba         25.000
Canada and  Newfoundland        70.000
Canada, the West Indies and South America   3-10.666
Canada and South Africa     146,000
Halifax. St. John's X, F��� and Liverpool      20.000
Montreal, Quebec and Manchester (in summer) and St. John. Halifax and Manchester  (in winter)         35,000
St. John, Dublin and Belfast ( winter)       7,500
St. John  and  Glasgow   (winter)       15,000
St. John. Halifax and London (winter)....      15.000
St. John,  Halifax and London      25,000
Selective conscription as a war measure i- read,
suitable as a government policy t" make good n
wastage ol war. We cannot undertake another Vin
Kii!g. without refilling those shattered battalion
As in economic measure, however, it i- open to qui
tion. The man power of Canada i- Icing severe
depleted by war. and ii this depletion continues the
can be little doubt tliat the progress of the Domini
will be seriously impeded. Lord Shaughnessj o\
a year ago pointed oui this danger and stated thai
Canada was fast approaching the danger line.
I tut m these stem day--, economics can go ban
lh.- supreme problem is to finish the war, and tin
in the recuperative power of a virile people to rep.-;
thv damage a*- soon a- possible.
The'Prairies and this Pacific Coast provinces a- *
down iu man power to a position where further draft*
will seriously interfere with industry and productioi '
Ihey are willing to make  further sacrifices of ii
manhood in the cause of liberty and democracy, bu
they would feel much more willing if (Juelicc wou
bear it> full burden  with the West.
One of the greatest anomalies of hfstory lies in tl.
Quebec situation.    The French-Canadian,    intense!;
loyal, intensely proud of its French blood and trend
tradition, stands aloof /its an idle spectator, win
noble, self-sacrificing France lies bleeding, with its
fairest territory under the heel of a brutal oppressor.
(tne would have thought that Quebec would be denuded of its manhood to aid heroic France. Vet ti'
French-Canadian seenis to stand sullenly neutral,
while the land of his fealty and the land of his fathers
are bearing the superhuman burden- of crushing ;���
gigantic and ruthless enemy.
If Quebec will not voluntarily assume its shar .
then Quebec must be compelled to Tliere must h
no temporizing or spirit of compromise, The dee; -
seated love of order and obedience to authority in li:
Gaelic mind will supplant the" fire-brand utterance nl
the anti-conscriptiotiist, and lie will submit to the lav
when that law is imposed. Proper and firm handling
ol" the situation without regard to political expedient;
are the necessary elements at this time of crisis.
When this situation  is settled, and settled fairly,
the   West, and the  Maritime  Province-    will glad:
make the further sacrifices which the exigency of war
calls upon the people of Canada a> a whole to under..
��� P.. C.  Financial Tinges.
Canada, Australia or Xew* Zealand, or both
Canada, China and Japan	
Prince Rupert and Queen Charlotte Islands
Victoria  and  San   Francisco	
Victoria, Vancouver and Skagway	
Victoria and West Coast Vancouver Island
Vancouver and Northern ports of  llritish
Columbia         16,800
Among the requirements that are common to all
contracts under which the subsidies are awarded to
shipping companies is thc stipulation that two-thirds
of the total number of officers, engineers and all
other employees on steamships engaged in the service
shanjKjlrijish,su]..jecU;.;i]fli<rtT!r;T-rili^ clause may tie
^*tiSp'ended in individual cases by the government. The
companies are also expected to carry mails as required
without payment additional to ,the amount of the
subsidies. It is also reported tliat government officials be transported free of charge. Other requirements deal with the rates to be charged oil freight
and passage, a prohibition against carrying dangerous
articles, calling at government wharfs, furnishing
proof that the services have been performed and other
features arising in connection   with  the   companies-
heaps  ut  t
1 "final mol-
from the final molasses
nearly one-half of the 8 per cent, of sugar that heretofore has been considered a total loss, says Popular
The inventor declares that hi.s process will involve
practically no additional cost in production, and that
the cost of additional machinery needed is not large.
Jn his experiments he has worked on the theory that
it is not the glucose gums or ash, but solely the water
in the molasses that has prevented the sucrose therein
from crystallizing.
After removing practically all the water by boiling
a centrifugal of very high speed is used.
In asking that its work be placed under the supervision of the city health department.' the Vancouver
Association for the Prevention of Tuberculosis is
suggesting something that should have been in effect
long ago. The citizens will, surely support this request for more efficiency and co-ordination of the
work. The absolute need for more effective measu-
ures against the spread of tuberculosis was recently
succintly set forth by P>aron Shaughnessy, president
of the C. P. R., When he said that "as many Canadians
have-been killed at home by tuberculosis since thc war
began as have been killed by the war itself. Yet it
is an entirely preventable disease.."
the Vancouver district for thc two years, the greatest
increase coming in the Cranbrook district, where the
value of the sales jumped from $3,500 in 1915 to
$47,000 in 191*6. Prince Rupert, Vernon and Nelson
districts also made large gains.
lu s|')ite of the fact that a large number of mills
have been shut down during the year, a number of
new mills have been built. Others have been moved
and capacity increased. The total sawing capacity of
the Province has not changed perceptibly in the yer.
ll is expected that with a good-lumber market in 1917
much of the sawing capacity now idle will commence
to operate.
Distribution of saw and shingle mills by forest
districts are as follows:���
Cranbrook        30
Fort George     16
11 azelton       9
Kamloops        10
Lillooet        20
Xolson        j7
Tete Jaune         3
Vernon       25
Total East of Cascades.
Prince   Rupert   	
Total  West of Cascades     240
Total in  Province   390
The number of logging operations in the Province
increased from 957 in 1915 to 1.144 in 1916. The
largest single increase is the jump in the Prince Rupert district from 85 hand-logger operations in 1915
to 200 in 1916. This is directly attributable to the
commencement of pulp operations by two companies
in thc Xorth.
Marked activity has been evident during the whole
year in this industry. The rise in prices due to the
war has had the result of directing attention to Can-
The contracts for the various services are distributed as follows:
From Canada Atlantic ports to Australia and New
Zealand, for which the subsidy asked is $140,000, the
service is in the hands of the Xew Zealand Shipping
Company, Limited. Monthly sailings of steamer- Ol
7.000 tons cargo capacity, carrying mails, are required
to earn the full amount of subsidy. Since 1915 the
service has been irregularly maintained under < )rdcr-
in Council.
The Canadian Pacific Ocean Services, Limited,
has the contract for the service between Canada am
Great llritain, subsidy of $$1,000,000. It may be
pointed out that the full subsidy has not been earned
aud that during the war the amount paid has fallen
off considerably.
Thc contract for mail service between Canada, the
West Indies and South America, subsidy authorized
$$340,666.66, is held by the Royal Mail Steam Packet
Company which earned the full amount in 1916.
Between Canada and South Africa the contract
for monthly mail steamers is in the hands of Elder
Dempster Shipping Company, Limited. Since the
beginning of the war the full amount of subsidy ballot been earned, $121,600 being paid last year.
From Halifax and St. John's, Newfoundland, to
Liverpool, the contract is held by Furness, Withy &*
Co., Limited; between Montreal, Quebec and Manchester by the Manchester Liners, Limited; between
St. John and Glasgow by the Donaldson Line; between S,t. John. Halifax and London by Furness,
Withy & Co., Limited. Contracl-; for other Atlantic
services have expired and have not keen renewed-
A Wool Famine?
"Army requirements are taking such  a buantn -
of  wool."  a  local   wholesale  house  remarked,  "thai
Canada and, in   fact,  the world,  is  facing a serioi -
shortage in that Staple.   I'he llritish authorities ha
take nover not only the clip of the Untied Kingdoi .
but also that of  Xew Zealand and Australia, all
which  supplies are, of course, being devoted  to l
uses of the army and navy.   As Canada is dependent
upon these countries for about half her supplies ymi
can easily see the position we are placed  in.    ll  i*
true that there.has been a wool commission appointed to work in conjunction with the Department
Trade and Commerce with the object of securing permission to import wools from Australasia, Creat Britain, Australia and Xew Zealand, which should sli"-
results in the very near future-   All our domestic induction  is not suited  for use  in Canada, and  win
I   don't  anticipate  any  embargo  being placed  upon
wool  yet a license is now  necessary before any can
be exported.   The result is that our home mills will
get first call on Canadian wool  while    only    Upgrades which are useless to us will be allowed mil
ofthe country.    With these arrangements I hope that
we will be able to tide over the difficulty which i*
reallv ������ ���**v.,scrious."
What Wooden Ships Can Do
��� A ..thousand wooden ships will mean a c'ontintion-
ferry-boat service across the Xorth Atlantic to tin
eager ports of llritain, France and Italy. Relative!'
light, low vessels, showing little top hamper, of small
est visibility, these wooden craft will not be conspiii
ous targets for urking submarine'-, and will Ik* a-
tonishingly effective from sheer numbers.
( Ine torpedo well aimed can sink a grcat steel shi|
of  KM XX) tons���but_as  much  effort and explosh
are required to destroy the modest 3,000-tpn w let
freighter.    Size and draught of the wooden vessel
will enable them to traverse narrow  waters and maki
smaller ports���and yet everywhere a cargo of 3,0
tons of foodstuffs or munitions will be valuable a
and welcome.
Committee of Manchester, ling., shipping men. m
Opposing building of small ships, .-ay* that comparing ships of 2.1X10 and 16,000 tons displacement,
Carrying 650 and 8,675 tons of cargo respectively, an
taking north Atlantic passage as a basis, there woul'
have to be built each year 2,460'nf smaller ship.-, am
only 185 of the larger. Smaller ships would i
-til 1.000,000 aud larger only   ��46,0000,000.
isl  t
Three hundred and seventy-one llritish ivessei-
have been sunk in the three months since the Admiralty began issuing statements without giving the
tonnage of vessels. In that period over 65.000 vc-
-el- have entered or left llritish port-.
Of the ships sunk 250 have been of over 1,600,
113 have been below that tonnage, and 108 have been
fishing craft.
South Vancouver is about to experiment with  a
mixed paid and volunteer fire brigade, a number of
citizens having signified their willingness to turn out
when the alarm is sounded. The success of -tteh a
scheme is problematical, and will hardly meet With
thc approval of fire underwriters, particularly in . i ��� ���
of the thickly settled nature of the community ii
to protect.   ��� *
Approximately 90.000 tons of allied shipping tieil
up in Gillf of Bothnia since the beginning of war will
be released as result of an agreement between Ureal
llritain and Sweden. Sweden obtains as its part oi
the bargain the release 6f it.- -hips, laden with foodstuffs and other necessaries, which have been detained in llritish harbors.
Because there is no dry dock large enough in tin
t. Ilited  Slate- io accommodate her. the Vaterland i
being scraped by the listing method.    Water balla-
tank- On opposite side and pile- of steel weights oi
force a li.-t and permit cleaning.    Divers wii
,nt down to -crape steel plates of the bilge.
Ei: SATURDAY,  JUNE 9,  1917
Milady's Gossip
I have seen this wick quite a number ol Irocks for little girls which
are not only smart but art- really
sensible as well; and as the young
daughters are a very decided teature
oi the household, and arc often as
critical regarding their dress as their
ciders, il may be as well to devote
sonic little time to a description oi
them, ll is quite a difficult matter
to decide which oi the ages is thc
most fascinating, when it is a ques-
tion oi clothes, the sweet embroidered three year olds or the smart,
trim little miss of fourteen. When
girls ol twelve or fourteen years
carry themselves, and walk wull and
are bonny, well set up lassies, then
they are worthy of pretty frocks and
chic hats, for it is a most delightful
age; bright eyes, curling locks, and
lresh cheeks, all helping to the completion of a picture to be set in a
Irame of dainty attire.
Shantung pongee and poplin seem
to be very favorite materials lor the
making of childish frocks, and one
chic dress lor a girl of fourteen was
of natural colored style, made iu the
fashionable one-piece style, vvith
wide box pleats falling straight Irom
yoke to hem, the waist confined by
a broad loose girdle. It boasted the
quaintest little hanging pockets, and
a wide collar, finished at the Irom
vvith a soft silk tie in china blue; the
same color being used in thick sill-
twist to ornament cuffs, collar and
pockets with a coarse heavy stitching. It was really charming, and
tliere was no room for doubt as i"
the correctness of style or the question  of utility and wear.
Another garment brought for my
inspection was a sort of coat frock
lor a girl a trifle younger. It had
a long body part, with a full skirt
joined to it, while a stitched wide
pleat came down the front Irom the
open neck to the hem, upon which
were Some large buttons, anil the
big full pockets made a pretence ol
being buttoned on at the t\vo top
corners. A collar of sailor shape finished the neck, and-the whole was
carried out in a delicate cool shade
of lettuce green poplin.
There was yet another in which
i   could   well  imagine  a   saucy    dark
Mnall \:vr,'ttt tl.at my fighting ' im
iv.as aroused, for do  we  not hate  t"
llear those  we love abused?  In leav-
I nig  thc   car   I   (.danced   curiously    in
'iln   direction  ol   my   ent'-rtainers,  :- i
j-alistied, so narrow, so occupied w :h
tin   trivati'ie*   ,i  tlu   '.aily    roiune,
'and   whose   house   were   cleaned  and
polished  to  tin-  banishment    of    alt
Icomtort, and t" whom books arc an
"~**"~~" | unknown,   or   ai   least     unnecessary
crepe roses shading!commodity,
deep pink in their centres nestled. I    Then   I   stood  l"i   a  moment  look-
narrow   velvet   ribbon   band ing   with   awakened   interesl   at     the
with long ended bow, was of a deli- familiar face oi the  Library,    what
the sacrilege to call it dingy; to me it
dropping j had  always  seemed  by  far  the  most
lignified  landmark   iu   the  city,    and
At the  side
oi blue
cate  shad
hats   were   large   ol
well  over  the  lace  affording  shade,
and al the same time being extremely picturesque in effect.
The Canadian -Matmec winch was
held in London at His .Majesty's
Theatre a week or two ago, was a
most brilliant affair, and it is of interest to Vancouver people as .Mr.
E. li. Kicketts. at one time lessee ol
thc Vancouver Opera House was
concerned in its production, and amongst the artistes appear thc names
of .Miss .Muriel Dunsmuir and .Miss
Suzanne Sicklemore, the clever child
danseuse of  Vancouver.
The organizer ol the affair was
.Mrs. John Hope and the entertainment was a clever and most novel
one, songs and words being specially
written for the occasoin, and was
aptly designated "Hello, Canada!'
No detail had been, omitted, and although many ol the performers were
lar  more    commanding    ot    respect
than  any   sky   scraper    wc   possess.
Hut then to me the grey stone building vvith its massive pillars and semicircle of shallow steps, is an old
friend, one to whom J, in common
with so many others, have often turned tor counsel, amusement, information, hei]) or encouragement, and
never has the friend tailed me in my
hour ot need, and 1 judge not from
outward appearances but from intrinsic worth, as one always does a
friend who has been tried and trirsted
It was evident my fellow travellers knew nothing of the inside of the
library, or how could they ever have
likened it to a prison house. It surely holds treasure untold and of greatest worth, but not as a prison would
hold it, but rather the opposite, as
a giver of liberty,���liberty and Iree-
the   performers   were   hardly   e.xpcr- (Marriage  and   War���A
ieoced  enough  in  the  practise of adjustment  ol   the  voice  tothe  size    oi j
the hall, and could not be heard dis-;
tinctly   particularly   by   those   seated
at  the  back.    A  finely dramatic  ren-!
dering ot Pauline Johnson's "Ojisto"
was given by Miss  Prances Nickowa.
who is of pure Cfee Indian birth, and'
wore   the   correct   dress   of   the   tribe
A   recitation   in   costume   was
gven by .Mr.  Ernest  Welsh, "Demetrius" by C.  I-. Runcic, while   'Sally
Ann's   Experience"   by     Anon,     was
given with dm- understanding of the
art  '..!  characterization  by  .Mrs.  Edward Odium. One number  was given
at the close of the programme   by
request, by  Miss  !'���':-.glev.
New   Phase
An interesting volume might be
compile! by a sociologist on "Marriage and War." Certainly this conflict has kept lhe various agencies
by which the marriage knot can be
lied very busy in most of. the countries involved. In the L'nited Slates
they  have been  suffering  a  singula!
Why   Did   the   Kitchen   Stair?
Why did the kitchen stair? lie-
cause tlic potato vvas making eyes
at her and wanted to mash her. The
bread was "lor toasting her and the
lemon actually wanted to squeeze
her. The meat saw it all and ground
its teeth. The milk turned very sour
and went off lo catsup. .Meanwhile
the yeast was rising, but felt such a
current of air that lie dropped plum
into the ice cream and, to be candid,
there was no rais-in  him.
"I never vvas in such a pickle,''
said the vinegar, "ll makes me hot
all over," said the pepper. "I am all
curled up with fright." said the pars-
"Tilings certainly are pretty
mixed," said the mustard, "Oh!
amateurs, the work had been so care-'dom  for the mind
fully rehearsed that there vvas neither I     It is not an easy matter li
hesitancy    nor    nervousness.     When  in   the   smalles  degree   the
beautifying   and   enriching
being    well    pleased The   receipts
eyed   brunelt
with herself. This was made oil -t.'
white cotton poplin with a primrose
yellow stripe. The skirt was ideated
all around, and there was a very
jaunty little cut away coat which had
an   attached;   straight-hanging     waist
the curtain arose showing a Pullman
car mi the Canadian Pacific. Railway,
needless to say there was a roar ol
delight and volleys of applause followed every allusion to matters Canadian.
During  the   interval   three   original
drawings   by  Captain   liruce   Bairns-
father,   .Mr.   Louis   Kaemaeker,    and
.Miss  Olive  Snell  respectively,    were
offered   for   sale,   and   alter     excite
and   (spirited   bidding   wen-   knocke
down  at  the splendid  figure  of 22
The house vvas packed, the entir
pit having been bought up by a gen
erotis doiiiir ior the accommodatio
ni wounded Canadians, who durin
the intervals were regaled with le
and  buns.
The Royal box was occupied b
Queen Alexandra, with the Prince?
I', .i.-i. Princess Victoria and I'm
cess vi.-uiil, and a le.'ejrram was r:a
I'M"' -.-mg the r.'_:.-'_i oi the Duke
L'Giiraught an', t-'i'iicess Patricia n
liitii inability I ��� ue present, an
lung  the pent, mance all succcs'
ood,   the
il     lives!
that otherwise would often lie dreary,!
monotonous    and    sordid,    that    is I
drawn   from   these   public     libraries, I
and  I   often   wonder  whether  a  vvantl
"I   such   a   way   ol   escape   Iroin     the I
narrow   and   trivial   round   of   things,
in  their own early lives, inspired  the
hearts   oi   the   rich   men   who     have
; made these gifts  to towns,    If thev'
I had  not  experienced  the  need  them-
I j selves,   then   they   must   be   men   with
j understanding oi and insight mtu the
I pressing   need.-  ol   human   nature.
To know how the library
- ciated,  "lie  has  only  to  stand
ij-ho'-t   while   in   the   dim   reces
{the  cool,  loitv  ball
i  "all   sorts   and   con
I   don't   know.''   said   the   blacl
"1   have   seen   it   more   so,
actly."   said   the   omelet.
While the sugar looked sweetly at
the butter, who was in a melting
mood and gave her a flour, which
she kneaded  t"  freshen   her  up  a  bit.
"Well, you may tsilk as you like,"
said the nutmeg, "but my troubles
are   greater."
"Oh! cut   it."  said the knife. "Slick
to   It.
all   nee
so h'.ilir
laid   the  fork.
'I   think
,    Then
the  pall,
oil   hastni
came  a   h
which  ma
mail  that   she
A   remark   made   by   some
passengers   who   were   scatet
line   in   the   street   car.
I responsible     for     this
coat, with medium sized round pearl' cottcse,  I  should like to  have turned | they are  tllc exception, not  |.,
buttons, the collar which vvas a wide j around and  discussed  the  matter    at land even they can acquire only
study     I lii-
iii"   men"
and  women passing in  and out with
books.     There  are   old     and     young.
careworn  and  gay,  student  and  tnt-
lcr,   bright   happy   faced   children,  and
s r -nn men   with   weather   beaten     features
like oi  and  that  look  in  the yes  that  conies
cia   at only   from   much   time   ispent   alone
am: j vvith nature iu all her moods,
teres--.       Some   people   there   are.   of   course,
to     nearly  Who   can   gam   their   experience     and
| get   their   wonderful   adventures    at
lu-.t   hand   through   travel,   host
fellow friends and  acquaintances,  and
behind j so  filled  with  change  and  color
immediately material  lor  thought and  storing ol
article.       Of I the   mind   is   theirs    in   plenty.    But
tered    and    call
the   kitchen   wh
Marjoram that all
savory  and   it   was
a stop to, or they
Then   there   was
this wi
viild a
"   said   Ih-
of sauce
the kettle
liriy Splllt-
e    sage oi
.villi Mi-s
- verv unit was pm
I  rue it.
. [inversion of the marriage
which began throughout the
Empire in 1914, and still continues
111 liritain the craze of many unattached young women I" marry soldiers has excited derision���much ol
heart to cherish a man who has laced
il unfair, for the desire of the woman
death is by no means a sentiment lo
be despised. Earlier in the war the
rush lo marry ISoldicrs before the
realities of war were made apparent
by the sight of maimed and disfigured warriors, was based on more selfish grounds. Undoubtedly there vvas
a large class of females eager to mate
with anybody in uniform in order to
draw- a Separation allowance. The
Hritish authorities even detected and
sent to penal servitude several enterprising gentry who were making a
handsome thing by acting as brokers
for the arrangement of such marriages. From whatever motive womankind in Great llritain and in some
Canadian cities also, proved t" bc
yery  effective   recruiting  sergeants.
Since the L'nited States got into
the war the process has been reversed. All agancies I'or the issuing ol
marriage licenses have been choked
with applications from young men
who wish t" take a running jump
into the holy estate of matrimony, in
the belief that it provides sanctuary
from-military service. The maid goes
t" the altar, not that she may become a hero's bride, but in the belie! that she will shield tile poor pel
from tlic rude contacts of militarj
life. Though President Wilson has
declared for national service if neees-
ary. he has ii"t made it
altar in this speedy manner are likely to raise something that General
Sherman said vvas the equivalent of
war. The youthful husbands would
ids', get an awakening if lhe U. S.
government would announce that il
intended to make separation allowances t - the wives "I married sol-
'.i. r-. Many of the brides would
-: a   disposition     to     rush     their
.spouses to the recruiting offices with
Briti-h  all  -.laxity equal  to  that  vvith  which
thej   went to the altar.
Whal  is the  voice  I   hear
On   lhe   winds   of  the   western   sea."
Sentinel,  listen  from out Cape  Clear
Ami say what  the voice may  be.
'Tis a proud free people calling loud
to  a   people   proud  aud   free.
And it says to them: "Kindsr.icn, hail
W'e  severed  have  been  too  long.
Now let us have done vvith a wornout
The  talc of ancient  wrong���
And  our  friendship  last  long  as  our
love doth last, and be stronger
than  death   is  strong.
uis of thc self-same
er them,
And blood of the self-same clan:
Let ns speak with each other face
Am! h
yally lov
as none
man to man.
ind trust each <
free men  can.
Now  fling  ihem out  to the breeze.
Shamrock,  Thistle  and   Rose,
And   tin-   Star-Spangled   Banner   unfurl  with  these���
\ message t" frie
Wherever iln- sails
and  whereve
md foes
if peace are seen
A  message  n
md   and     tbrail
ll is just poss
feel sure thai
raised them to
mistaken. \ny
them are lettii
something  a  gi
ile tliat tl-���- la
at  11 j
ir  wliem
ler-   ii.av
we  tvvam.
shall roc-kid and vain.
strong    land
if  the   main.
. the
'i   tin
that |
viettge  "
line  line
one, the cuffs and waistcoat were of length, but. not having the time atliiooks a k;
plain heavy white linen stitched withI my disposal, as well as the fact that thoughts ,-'
yellow. I I   am  not  one  of  those  people   that writers  wli
For a  little girl of six years there  likes   "butting  in''   on   the   conversa- to su tliiui'gh the ages,
was   a   sweet   rose   pink   linen    high tion   of   strangers,  prevented  such   al     I'luougli tin   ir.eni'im "f b
vvaisted,   full  skirted,   with  of  course1 proceeding,   and.   I   waited     until     I !cau  transport  yourself    at
buttons and pockets, to be worn over  reached   my   own   domicile,   there   tu  those   lar   distant   climes   lhat
_,uimpe of fine white organdy with give  vent  tu  niy  feelings  by  writing j such   tascinati
the   beautiful I
of   the  great
edged     frills    at     collar
ling    laci
and cuffs.
for   the   grown   ups   some   of   the
loveliest summer millinery was being
shown; one most bewitching hat was
of finest  hair braid  with a crown  ot [ ti..i    '
taffeta   in   shot   effects   which     was opinio
trimmed   with   rows  of hemstitching. I ii.casl
thoughts  aroused
(..���wil   the   train
by  the  remark'.
They wt-i ��� t:: ��� ,,''. my own sex
the pitch of their voices wotilj
alU-vv you to male any prt'e i
n..i   "iverlietiri.ng       :i   c-i'-- sn-.
upon things in general,
to  the  niavoi".
otherwise vou may n
can   live   ler  a   space,
m i!   town     or   wide     imh
n ���;  amongst  the  rich
.ill ly or ignorant,    "i
ii,!  enrich  your  mind
'li.   ami
ir  know.   . on
s  you   vvill.   in
ken     country,
r poor,  the  court-
u can broaden and
win  a  knowledge?
Iliere   and   there
silken embroidery
were   touches     ol i     I'll
while in lhe front.alludi
..-.nd. I..
was mad
��� ' ever,   t
when  the
was   placed   a   beautiful   hand   made
large  silk  flower.
Another dainty and very summery
affair was a large chapeau of tlesh
tinted crepe which stood Up around
the   crown   in   two   deep   folds,    aifd
was shirred upon the brim with the'desire to extend her operations to
smallest of ruffles at the edge. Little1.'! wider field; ior vvith accents ol
wreaths of tiny orchid-mauve How- withering scorn she referred to oirr
ers formed the sole trimming. public treasure iiottse, as "that dingy
Another   pink   Georgette  crepe   hat  ."id duty  old place that looked more
had ruffles of fine braid laid around like   a   prison   than   anything   else."
I'i'd at the Carnegie Library, which
place, by the way. I was bound for,
and was made by the lady who seem
fi, tn me to have achieved seine hr*'"-
nnt performances in the house
cleaning line, and apparently had a
i the
The object ln issuing these bulletins is not to start a controversy with
tbe public and not to shift responsibility lo tbe public, but to secure the ra-
���peration of tbe public.
Bulletin No. 1 contained tho following Information, from 1907 to 1910:
The Freight carried on Canudiuii  Kail ways io'ivi'iisd.. 51%
The number of Freight Cars Increased   91 % /
Tbe total car eapueity increased   131%
Tbe average capacity of ears Increased      ��.S Tons
The average weight of contents increased      8.0 Tons
The present heavy volume of traffic will no doubt continue so long aa
tbe war lasts. ��
Additional ears and locomotives are needed but they cannot be secured
in largo numbers for many mouths.
There is also a serious shortage of labor and in some idaees of yard
Tbe only way to improve the conditions therefore is to secure greater
efficiency in the present equipment, terminal track; ge, and man power
The railways alone cannot develop the maximum efficiency; the railways and tho public co-operating can.
Consignees can help by ordering full car loads Instead of minima
authorized in the tariffs aud classifications, and consignees can help by
loading cars to their full authorized cubical or carrying capacity.
A   1915    Ty;m-al    Trt
Propoa��d     Typical     Train
jK^SsSE 'S-J^J^^3^3S^r^^s^X-
Oomp_.ri_on Cars
Typical _r>__i, 1915 ...    2.1
������ "    proposed.    20
Average loml VVnitlit of train Welsh! ol content.
18.4 Ion*    ��    860 tons 423 tons
2.1,4 Ions     '     848 Ions    '        4f.S Ions
ij The Average Train
* ,                                              .      1915       Propose* for 1917
5    Average weight of contents of ears    18.4 tons 23.4 tons
<     Total weight of cars   r'03    tons 448    tona
��     Total weight of contents  344    tons '399    tons
]      Total weight of train   847    tons 817   tons
Had the average load per car In 1915 been 23.4 tons instead of 18.4 th*
came traffic would tiave been handled with:
6,947,588 less trains hauled one mile.
'        1,668,765 less car trips.
r     29,806,535 less tons of dead ear tare hauled one mila
By increasing now the average load by 6 tons per car the public would
Improve the efficiency of the equipment, facilities, and man power of the
railways to an extent equal to:
54,800   additional freight cars
482 1 additional freight and yard engines
415   additional miles of yard trackage and *
L     13.6 per cent Increase in man power employed In train and yard service
from i oi  all phases of human   life
workings   and   intricacies   of
which   I man mind..    Often you can
car stop-  similarities  to  your own  failure
weaknesses   as   seen   through
eyes, and as often  will  be show
Vour "wu life, through Books, will
become bigger and broader, your
perceptions liner and less limited,
your outlook on life less narrow, lor
a limited mind means loneliness and
loneliness is a tragedy. There need
be nu loneliness when such a treasure house as the public library is at
your disposal, with its splendid company of friends,.for books are real.
living and  ever  present  friends.
The habitual reading 'of the best
in literature is an education iu itself,
and in this way many who through
force oi circumstances or carelessness received only a limited amount
"I tuition ill early life, can continue
to study and improve through the
medium ol the works ofthe finest
writers and thinkers of old or modem limes, for thc avenue opened up
lor us by means of hooks is endless,
stretching backwards and forwards
through all ages, lands and languages, revealing to us the noblest ideals
and aspirations, and thoughts of the
cleverest and best authors, poets and
essayists. There are many instances
among the most brilliant and distinguished 'lien iu the history of the
world who have gathered the greater part of their education from books,
the luxury of much schooling having
been denied them,
I am told that in one town in the
L'nited States the public library is
designated the "mental service station'' and a most appropriate name
it is, too. for do not these institutions
render the greatest possible service
to innumerable men and women with
difficult and practical problems i"
solve. I pity tbe man or woman wh"
knows not the utter luxury of rest
aud relaxation, and at the same time
stimulationg refreshment  which  only
If, nior. tons carried
in .1 less cars
?- _rS Ts! Tt 'i
on dc
On tbe front 'a Fraaee���aa officer
'carrying a W-lb German ikelL
���Photo by courtesy of 0, P, B,
Royal Enginwn Bridging in the Balkans.
���Photo by courtesy 0/ V. P. B.
favorite hook  can gie
alter a
ot brain lag, or that unrest which is
wrought through battling with life's
little  worries.
So. to you, who know only the dull
grey stone exterior of my "dingy'
Friend, I would say, go inside and
make use ol the wealth of knowledge
and wisdom it holds in its heart, and J
which is yourS for the taking: then
you may truly say with the Immortal Hard of Avon '"Tis the mind that
makes  the  body  rich."
The Oval room of the Hotel Vancouver was filled to overflowing "ii
Tuesday evening last when a recital
was given by the pupils of .Miss
Helen Hadgley, assisted by -Miss
Grace Richardson, nic--n soprano,
with some charming songs.    Some ol
t*-* Western Front ���the man on the right remembers this piece of barbed wire
hen ha had to get through it in the early days of the Somme Battle at Ovilhers.
���Photo by courtesy of ihe G. P. a. SATURDAY,  JUNE  9,   1917
2_f_gi?SS5_S5,_0_ wi^iBW-^i^MM^SM^^^^^J}!! H5 ^gn^TOJJ-SJyguo! ^
^^ _a
Fugler & Mackinnon
Magazine, Music, and Book
binders to the trade
Loose Leaf Systems
PHONE Sey. 3691 319 PENDER ST.
ia iiu iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiP1"8'11^:;;^:.    :
Dependable Service
Good transportation does not consist only
of service in the regular hours and days.
It means service at all times���in the off-
hours, in bad weather, to ball games and
hockey matches, on Sundays and Holidays.
The only service which can and does furnish this kind of transportation is the street
It is therefore to your interest to see that
your nickel and the nickel of your friends
goes to support the service that returns
most to you.
For, unless the street railway is able to
make expenses, its ability to give service will
sooner or later be curtailed.
See that by unfair competition and lack
of support, you are not allowing the street
railway to deteriorate until it is no longer
able to give you the benefits you expect.
Clothing Values
ADVERTISING may bring a man into a store once,
but it takes value to bring him back again and again.
Our business is built on satisfied customers, and our
whole organization is .planned to give exceptional
quality, style and fit in men's clothing.
Suits from $15 to $40, all finished by our own tailors
Memo for Smart Dressers
Wc have just opened a shipment of English vvool-
laffeta and silk shirts, made expressly for us by
Young & Rochester, London. Very choice patterns-
Each $5.00.
William Dick Limited
"Two Big Stores for Men"
33, 47-49   -   Hastings East
Gadsby's Views on Ottawa Situation
Ottawa.  June
nmi,'  and    file  i
party   in   tlie   II
more than a pas
2���What  gives    the  lar as
f  the    Conservative
j tt _��� l-    of    Commons
ing qualm is the re
flection   that   the   military   situation
may not  warrant all the heart-burning the  Borden Government may m-|pr
cur and all the risks il takes l
torce  conscription.
According     to   Premier     ll mien's
signs  count,  has   in       lei tii nl
oi  granting    anything    but    a  '   >
dictatorship   in   food,   it  loo's  as  i
organized  labor  will  be  oppi to
conscription  all  through  the  piece.
So  iar  as  van  be  ascertained    at
csctit the governmeifi idea oi lood
I dictatorship is a solemn humbug.  I'he j
dictator would be only a comic Cer-
       He  would have  the  power ���
According     to   rremier     uaraen'���jr.~i7"the nuaiHity of food to be plac-
wn figures there arc from one hun- ��"-' ^Xwrage  warehouse,    and
dred  and   ten   to   one   hundred    ami e'   '" f  M  (,r,k,r  ju  release-
twenty   thousand   Canadian     soldiersJWK slu.h   ,���ter;,lU  as
now   in     reserve     in   England.      I he  ana necessary.     But   he
Fifth   Division,    of  which    ('.derailhe  should deem nece.    ^    ^^.^
Garnet   Hughes   is   the    commander, wouia   w gtrjcte()   marketing"   is
has  not  yet  been   sent    to     -*'ra��Ce*fP"do that     In other words, after the
Dulce et Decorum it may be to take, ��    "J'  ral���rs havc been given    the|
thc ground that Canada should come
but  th
ticc   for    belligerents    to
their    armies       at     the
all they want the,
out   of   the   war   vvith   the   maximum  ^iT^Mfe w.U be at perfect  lib-
strength  with  which  it went  into it.  general i _______________________
aft   with   which  It went  into  It, ����*- ��� .    ��� ;, can Ket.    Vou  can
the   question   Premier   Bordenn s  ^*. ,���_;���. much the genera public |
���irters   in   the   House    of  Com- "**'��"* ?.���,! what prices they would
. are asking is what country ever WOUia t,<-   ��� remember   that I
^TuJLl���' *e.,S2& fhe farmer sells by preference to the
es to his door and
his j
maintain I the
big buyer who com
*������-���-    -������.--     ,****."-      -:-.        -f I lakes  the  trouble  of marketing
strength   with   which  tt  went  into  't-|*     ,    t    ff . is hands     W hat s more,
but   the   question   Premier   Borden's 1l'���"!"  , ca���  always    threaten
supporters in the House of Commons ^  ��ig  " j      ^  ^.^  to  (|lc  ,iu,
arc asking is  what country ever did  tne ian.    .       ^ ^       ,nitie3 wi,icb I
it before?    If it were the practice t��rjbii>er ai pri s buyer's mar-
belligerents  to  maintain   tlieir  armies  migni ��        .Unrestricted   marketing"!
at the maximum  strength  from  start   ket.      {. .'cllancci
to   finish,   would   there   ever   be   any,.*" �� ^ w   k)      man
LJehtavor   conscription   if  he   was!       ^HBHH^^H
These  reflections  may  appear  friv-j"1'**      ,      ,ttin,.   a   square   deal   from;
olotts, but the fact that they are en- ?{" Bor(]|n  government on  the  foot; WILLIAM FURST, NOTED COM
tertained and  voiced by  members oi i        ,io     but he certainly would not,  posER   TELLS ABOUT "JOAN
the  Conservative  party indicates that, ^ .q ^ t    ���.    eau*, .     woman��� mus,c
oved  ones  to  tlic   mere} ��������
in packages ranging from 300 lb. barrels down to
_' lb. Cartons, to suit your requirements.
���they are especially useful to the householder with
limited room, and in the apartment house kitchenette.
The 18, JO and 100 lb. bags are just as carefully
packed, and contain the same excellent grade of
sugar, unexcelled the world over.
Also Powdered Sugar, Icing Sugar, Berry and Fruit
Sugar, and Yellow Sugar as dark or as light as you
wish to have it.
his  loved
rates as they exist at pre sen
It  was   more  or  less  by  accident
dictatorship that will hurt  Mr. J.  VV |ways   interested   in  the   pictures,    he
Plavelle   and   its   other   friends.   Who had  gone   to   Los  Angeles   to  "learn
squeeze the ast cent out of the neces-    *      *     *
sities of thc people. (
Mr. Flavelle Is such a great am
���rood man and controls so much ai.
vet sing that the Toronto . newsna
tell what he is oidng, but
conscription   doesn't   lok   as   good   to
them at it did when  Premier  Borden
made liis first announcement,  ln fact       l   Jg""tliey  promise   to  exist  unti
it takes  on  more and more  the ap-|*'"      . of thc war. because the tJo'-jthat   .Mr.   Fitrst   came   to   write   the
pearance  as  the  days go  by,  and  It "J?" Jnvirnmefit will not grant a fooC musjc   for  "Joan   the   Woman."    Al
M ____________________���. t     > s^s^s^s^s^s^s^s^s^s^s^s^s^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
be totiiul m lhe tmal drait of the
bill that  the  government  has  washed
its hands of the admimtsration of the
act as far as  possible.    The  idea is
to  get away  from  something  which
may have a serious set-back.
x'ar of results is also seen in the
suggestion made by many Conservative members and several Conservative newspapers���including that, fine
old stalwart, the Montreal Gazette���
that the way out is coalition. In
other words, they would not be unwilling to divide the responsibility
with the opposition. One thing is
certain, the government is bound to
go through with conscription���the
party press dwells on that point. The
government is bound to go through
because it is a promise' to the British
government. _       _^^^^^^^^^^^^^
It is more than a promise���it is afpect!�� He'is chairman of thc Iniper-
bargain. The Borden government I jal Munitions Board and member ol
gives selective conscription and the! all the dilatory commissions on tlie
British government .gives a year's | high cost of living, fidus Achates to
extension     on   the   Borden     govern- j Sir  Thomas   White���the   man   belim"
It will be a long tune be-
pers never 	
he is one of thc biggest fooo
torrs in Canaad. The other ay bed
was oloking for $2,SO0.O<Xl insurance
on food products stored in Toronto.
As he could not insure for more than
HO per cent ofthcir value, it follows
that Mr. Flavelle has about $$3,500.-
000 worth of food cached in one
And lie has other places he-
is entrenched  in
sides.    Mr.  Flavell- j^	
the very bosom of the Borden government���like a maggot in cheese.
He is deep in thc confidence and rcs-
ment's majority in the Canadian par
liament. That is to say, it will give
the extension if the Borden government asks for it. Just now it is a
moot question with the suporters ot
the Borden government whether it
would be god play to force an extension  against  thc  wishes  of  any con-
the gun.    __
fore   tbe   Borden   government   turns
the gun on him or his friends.
Food control, price regulation an
such would do better in the hands ol
men   who   take   less  stock    in     Mr.
Flavelle than the Borden government
does.    Moreover  if  price   control   is
siderable group in parliament. For | to "have any lasting effect it should
the doubtful satisfaction of misman-, be accompanied by a complete
aging the war for a year longer is j change of heart in the profiteers,
it worth while to imperil the party's They are, many of them, very pl��u>
place in the esteem of the people! and, though they may be satisfied
for years to come by abrogating! with eight per cent., in times ot
home rule at the request of Downing pjjace, they believe that Providence
Street? Sir Edward Carson gave a 1 sends war so thc righteous man can
clear answer to that in a recent take one hundred and fifty per cent,
izers of Downing Street for trying!with an easy conscience. They say
speech when he rebuked the central-1 that the Lord lovcth a cheerful giver
to do things to the colonies in the and consequently that the more the
name of the war that the colonies! consumer has to give the more cheer
would not stand for after the war fill he ought to be about it.
was over.    Thus out of  the  mouths H, F. GADSHY.
of  their   friends   the   Borden   gov ,-rn- . ^ ,
ment finds  doubt and  distrust being]
voiced at arbitrary measures of this!        HOUSING OF POULTRY.
Another tiding which lias cooled j Interesting Book of 55 Pages on This
opinion in the Conservative ranks is Subject Free From Department
the state of affairs in Quebec. It These are the days when the more
looked like good sport to "get U"e- study is allied to practice the greater
bee' a fortnight ago. but it doesn't the success. In food production, as
look like good sport now. Is it ad-h�� all other things, this is eminently
visable for the sake of an extra fifty true,    Book-learning is no longer an
the business from the ground up."
The results of his work will be heard
in connection with the exhibition ot
the picture at the Orpheum theatre
June 18, for one week.
"it was wonderful work." he said.
"You can have no idea of the- delight
I have had out ofthis. le seems to
me that Joan of Are herself must
have been a guardian saint to all of
"Do you know that from the beginning to the end of the "Joan the
Woman'' music there is riot a single
finished chord. In the strict sense
of the word, I mean, One scene
blends into another insensibly, theme
blends into theme and with all the
character changes tliere is not a
single Ta  Ra  Ra  finish.
"I'll tell you another thing that
will surprise you. Miss Macpherson's
scenario was so perfect in its descriptive value that I wrote the music for
four reels without seeing a single
picture. I got the footage and the
scenario never varied more than from
six to ten seconds on the screen.
"If you are going to use this stuft
I'm telling you. 1 wish you would
say something about Miss Jcanie
Macpherson. She is a wonderful
woman and was positively a godsend
to me in writing this music. Tliey
were all wonderful. Miss Farrar and
the rest: but Miss Macpherson was
an   inspiration."
"And now, how about this Mar
scillaise controversy���if it is a con
troversy?" he was asked.
"Why. boy. can't you see how sim
pie it is? You were good enough to
call it the embodiment of the spirit
of France, it is. But don't you realize that it is all a dream? That
English boy, fallen asleep over the
od sword in the trenches, dreamed
it all. And in hfs dream he did not
stop to ask for dates. The music
that comes to him was the music,
that he knew Juan of Arc was. as
you say. the spirit of France, and
the Marseillaise is the music ol
France, and so, when he saw her
there all glorious in her armor���isn't
Miss Farrar a magnificent sight���he
heard thc Marseillaise just as he
heard   God  Save   the   King  and   Rule
A line statement of national ideals
vvas made by Arthur J. Balfour during the Venzuelan crisis nearly a
quarter of a century ago and it is
living recalled in view of Mr. Bal-
tour's visit to the United States. The
declaration, which was made in the
Britisli house of commons, at the
time when talk of trouble between
Great Britain and the United States
vvas general, was:
"To us the idea of war vvith the
Untied States carries with it something of the unnatural horror of a
civil war. War with any nation is
a contingency to be avoided at almost any cost except the cost of dishonor, but war with the United
States appears to have an added horror of its own, born to the fact that
those with whom we should be in
conflict with are our own flfesh and
blood,   speaking   our   own   language,
having our own civilization We
may be taxed with being idealists
and dreamers in this matter. I would
ather be an idealist and a dreamer;
md I look forward with confidence
to the time when our ideals will have
become real and our dreams will be
embodied in actual political fact, lt
cannot but be that those whose national roots go down into the same
past as our own, who share in our
language, ,pur literature, our laws,
our religion, everything that makes
a nation great, and who share in substance our institutions, it cannot but
be that at a time will come when they
will feel that they and we have a
common office to fulfill among the
nations of the world. The time will
come, the time must come, when
someone, some statesman more fortunate even than President Monroe,
will lay down the doctrine that between English-speaking peoples war
is impossible, and then it will be
seen that every man who by rash
action or hasty word makes the preservation of peace difficult, or it may
be, impossible, has committed a
crime not only against his own country to whom he has invited war, but
against  civilization  itself."
the   true   cause
as rarely discover- made concerning the part that wo-
ed and the fowl.-having seemingly n1Cn will play in the guidance of new
failed of their usefulness, were sum- Russia. Women are at once to be
mraily  dispatched. ��� : placed  ill  important  positions  on the
Today much of this is changed and  committee   which   vvill  govern   Petro-
poultry-keeping  has  become  a  syste-  gad and we may confidently look for
matic  pursuit  permitting of  research1 them   to   occupy     influential     places
and  subject  to experiment,  the  same  throughout the empire,
as   any  other   branch   of  agricultural      The status of women in Russia has
Corner Homer and Hastings St.
Can be seen at
thousand men, who could be raised i object of sneering by the man of Britannia���and I had good mind to
by really brisk recruiting, to bring|practical experience. He has beer.|'<ring in a strain nf Tommy Atkins,
about by means of conscription a i forced to the conclusion that an'but thought better of it. No, I don't
turmoil of race and creed hatred 'earnest study of books, pamphlets M how there can he any real contro-
which may end by leaving Quebec in and bulletins is a tremendous help1, versy about it. if people will stop to
the same position toward Canada as! to the beginner and often of the think. I feel it belongs there just
Ireland now stands toward Great greatest value to himself. In by-1 where I put it. I hope I'm not
Hritain?     Is   the   game     worth     the! gone   times   poultry-keeping   was   of  wrong.
candle?    The   sober-minded   men     in  a   haphazard   nature.     If     the     hens ' ��� ���	
the Conservative party do  not think  were  healthy and laid  in  mysterious;       Future  of  Women  in   Russia
it  is,  especially  when  it  serves    the'places   all   was   well.     If  they  didn't       .\   significant      announcement
ends   of   a   little   crowd   in   Toronto
who   are   more   anxious   for   revenge
on Laurier than they care for selective   conscription.     Why     play     tiie
other fellow's cards for him   A fierce
light was shed on the motives of this
Toronto   group   when   they   objected
to   conscripting   unmarried   men   between  twenty and thirty-five because  ^   __._^^^^^^^_^^_^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^___________________________
most of the men of that age in Que-1 fndustrv. A better aid to the very .been different than in any other oc
bee were married and the fathers ot foundation of poultry-keeping could cidental country. The revolution,
families. hardly   be   desired   than   a   btilletion' which   has   waxed   and   waned   alter-
Opposition to conscription crops recently issued by the Dominion De-1 nately for generations, but which
out In the most unexpected spots in j partment of Agriculture and entitled i never has been suppressed'entirely,
the Conservative party. For instance, K-iThe Principles of Poultry House'has given to women power according
the Calgary News-Telegram, a red I Construction with General and De-j to their capabilities. Equality has
hot government organ, edited by a tailed Plans." Mr. F. C. Elford, j prevailed under the pressure of auto-
red hot patriot like George Thomp- Dominion Poultry Husbandman, is cracy, perhaps because of that pres-
lon, is out against conscription in the] the author and in the 55 pages of; sure, as it prevails to a large extent
most downright fashion. Mr. Bour- which this publication consists he has in the labor movements of other
assa's   Devoir   could   not   sav   harder! succicntly   told,   with   abundant   illus-, countries.
things about conscription than does tration, how poultry can best be. Women look forward to increased
Editor Thompson of "-the Calgary housed and what is needed in that j recognition in all parts ol" Europe
News-'lelgram. What more, thei respect to make the birds good pro-,after the war. The cause of equal
Conservative  press  in  general  is-not j ducers. : suffrage  gains steadily in  the  United
cock-a-whoop   about   the     popularity i     There is little in the science of the] States.     A   pledge  that   Russia's    as-
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^T^acy  are   real   and
the prompt adtnis-l
their share  in  the
Established 1904
Carload Business a Specialty
B.C. Vinegar Works
J.  H.   FALCONER,    Manager
. Member   Society    of   Chemical
^^^^^^^^^^_^^^^^^_^^^_; There is -^^^^^^^^^^^^^���h-
of  the   measure.     In   fact  it  admits proper housing of poultry that is not Piration
that if a referendum were taken eon-:ilc,.e   set   forth,   from   comparatively j secure fs giver
iinption   would     he   overwhelmingly! palatial   structures   and   model     run-   SIOM   of womel
defeated, an  admission wliich  implies! u'ays  to  the  modest  arrangement   of  responsibilities
that it  would lie a por election    cry! occupants   of   villas   and     bungalows  trait News^
also. . ian(l  dwellers    on   the     outskirts    of
Another thing which gives the av- towns and villages. Besides plans oi
eragc Conservative pause is thc at- desirable structure, details of the
titudc of organized labor. Organized material required and the dimensions
labor wants a referendum. If a re- arc all given. In short the publica-
ferendum carries, then organized la- tion. which can be had free on appli-
bor will abide by it ir the government cation to the Publication Branch,
adopts food control and regulation '��� Department of Agriculture. Ottawa,
of prices. As a referendum would .is a complete text book on the mat-
not carry and as thc government, so'ter with which it purports t
Phone Highland 137
Grandview Hospital
VANCOUVER     -     B.C..
Medical : Surgical  : Maternity
Rates  from  $15.00   per  week
Going  ai
ar< am
morning! What arc you  do-
ip  that   unsightly
tin cans and (empty) bottles i
.thi *wisi   beautiful home .
Nrw Lor-lion    1049 G<-o(��i_ Su.rl. <n .Wtr ttft.
V.M.O. A.      .
Having purchased a large consignment of high quality white paper at a
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^fccry reasonable price, we are now in
The chief occupation of the pro- ��� a position to give close "-rices on cat-
verbial oldest inhabitant is sitting up j alogi.es, hooks, pamphlets, iio.'.
o' nights trying to think of a more I etc. The Standard Job Department,
disgraceful spring. 426 Homer Street; phone Sey. 470.


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