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The Standard Sep 23, 1916

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Vol. V, No. 21���Established 1911
VANCOUVER,   B.C.,   SATURDAY,   SEPTEMBER   23.   1916
Price Five Cents
The Result
It Is Indeed The Turning Point
the master mind in tlu
o.wed its entire celebrity
geniusj Tankerville would
EIGHTEEN years ago at the Prince of Wales' Theatre
ifl Coventry Street, London���I wonder if it still is
there���there was produced a musical comedy called
"La Poupee," which had a great and immediate success.
It has been played at various times since then all over
the world, and has been seen in Vancouver under the guise
of Thc Toymaker. At the time it was produced, the late
Miss Juliet Neville played the patt ol the .toymaker's
daughter who, having in a fit of jealousy wrenched the
arm off the greatest "creation" of her father, substituted
herself for that -wonderful piece of mechanism and was
bought and married [by. a young monk who v ed to
secure a great inheritance. But the mainstay of ihe play
was the Toymaker. himself, yclept Hilarius of Tankerville,
anj '" 'his l,;ir*-. the laic Mr. Willie Edouin surpassed
even himself.
He was the great inventor
creation of dolls. Tankerville
to I'.iiu. ll" il were not for his
. not have been on the map. As it was. Tankerville was
the greatest city in the world, merely because it housed
Hilarius. Every home throughout the civilised world
knew Tankerville.    Every child knew  Hilarius. ���
Imagine Mr. Willie Ecjouin clothed in a long bottle
green coat and tight trousers laceiFat the ankles, with
flaming red hair brushed back from his forehead and
��� streaming over bis neck, walking up and down the stage
expatiating on the wonders of his dolls, of 'fankerrillc,
but out the greatest wonder of all���himself.
"Alone I did it," was on his lips mprning, noon and
night.
And "Alone 1 did it" has been ou thc libs of so many
politicians and would-be politicians since the fateful September 14th that positively I must refrain from the cry
even on behalf of THE STANDARD. For it is my belief���expressed many times before the election���that there
is only one man who can claim that honor.
"ALONE HE DID IT"
That man is the Hon. Wjllism J. Bowser, premier and
attorney-general of British Columbia, whose defeat at
the general elections on September 14th was so overwhelming, so obvious, that even the daily NEWS-ADVERTISER finally conceded that the soldiers' vote cannot make any real difference.
Imagine the aforesaid Hon. William J. Bowser striding
tip and down his offices in the parliament buildings at
Victoria, crying, "Alone I did it."
You cannot���no, nor can anyone else. That is not the
Hon. William's way. He vvill attribute his defeat to anybody and anything but himself. He will attribute success
entirely to his own perspicacity. Truth to tell, if he
claims the latter, he must also be shouldered with the
former. The defeat of the Conservative party, so signally,
so decisively, is simply the defeat of Mr. Bowser and all
his works, of his henchmen and his machines, of his
boards, and road1 foremen, of his patronage and of his
political manipulations. - _
So that for any newspaper or any person arrogantly
to claim (hat to him alone must be attributed the defeat
of the Conservatives is absurd. Thc Liberals, or for the
matter of that, any party was bound to win against such
blundering incompetence, such utter* lack of psychological
knowledge as was exhibited by Mr. Bowser from the
moment he assumed office. All over the country he commented on thc personal attacks made on himself���and he
has reason as these articles have shown���and stated that
this was a matter for his own constituency of Vancouver
to judge. Well���Vancouver has spoken. Imagine thc
premier and attorney-general of a province with all thc
kudos and power those positions give him, with only one
morning newspaper and a little weekly against him, and
with all the most powerful and influential journals supporting him, being beaten in his own constituency not by
one, but by six men.
THE SOLDIERS' VOTE
We are now told that the soldiers' vote will alter everything. Of course it may alter some things, but if the premier is relying on that vote to put him once more in the
legislature, he maybe relying on a very broken reed. For
the soldiers' vote js likely to be as emphatically against
the premier as the vote in Vancouver. There is a reason.
Supposing the soldiers of, Canada were asked to vote on
the question of whether Major General Sir Sam Hughes
should bc retained as Minister of Militia, what would
their ansia&r be? Apply the same reasoning to British
Columbia. The soldiers' vote is much more likely to add
to one or other of the Conservative candidates' chances,
but not the premier's. It might help Messrs. McGowan or
Tisdall. There were hundreds of votes polled for the
premier in order to make sure he would be leader of the
opposition. Many excellent Conservatives voted, four
Liberals and two Conservatives. Many more split the
ticket evenly. A large number of independents" gave the
premier a vote because they considered him a bard-working man. But it may be doubted whether any of these
considerations would weigh with the soldiers. It is said
, that they were not told whether the candidates were
Liberal or Conservative, but it was presumed they would
vote foj* the names they knew, iii other words for the
Conservatives. At least that must have been the presumption the dear old NEWS-ADVERTISER worked
upon when it so gratuitously insulted thfe whole electorate
the day after the election.   "The civilian vote," it began,
Mr. Brewster's Message
Victoria, B. C, September 20lh, 1916.
George M. Murray,
"The Standard," Vancouver, B. C.
NoTv that the British Columbia elections have become a matter of history and
the defeat of thc late Government has been accomplished, I congratulate "The Standard" on the pari played in the splendid educative campaign which resulted in^lhe election of the Liberal parly l(J power. The logical arguments xvhich appeared on lhe front
page of "The Standard," written by Critic us, musl have had considerable influence in
deciding the judgment of ihe independent electors wherever "The Standard" circulates. ,
/ thanl( you for your share in lhe good work and support of the principles which for years
I have advocated.
H.  C. BREV/STER. '
has returned the Liberals to ;    ... but, it added in half a
column,  "just  wait  until  the  soldiers'   vote    comes   ii
When the soldiers' vote e mes in 'a ��� ��� iay.I
to express the opinion that Premier B wsci is not th<
really best choice of tin.' soldiers from Vancouver.
For thc soldiers are likely to vote largely on the curious
basis of popularity, and unfortunately the premier is not
what might be called very popular with anyone.
THE POPULAR IMAGINATION
It is said that no man who works hard and leads a
public life can be really popular. Vet Sir Wilfrid Laurier
is immensely popular, so is Sir George Foster, so is the
Hon. Martin Burrell. so was Sir Richard Meliride. Tin-
fact remains that it is a great asset to be able to appeal
to the popular imagination, and undoubtedly Mr. Bowser
has been unable to do so. This has handicapped him and
bis customary methods of villifyiug his opponents, utterly
failed. He had not the humor to make his accusations
carry weight. When he spoke of his rivals, any member
of the audience could see his personal vindictiveness. his
determination to make "a dirty fight" of it, as he himself
said it would be. He prides himself on his fightjng qualities, not on tactical abilities. The latter he lacks utterly,
and, in consequence, he misses opportunity after opportunity which a real leader would grasp like a flash. There "is
no real reason for the Conservative party to desire Mr.
Bowser's return to the legislature, for the simple reason
that .the Conservative parly would be far better off .under
another leader. Mr. L. W. Shatford, for instance, might
with experience, make a quite admirable leader. The tr,uth
is that Mr. Bowser by his hard work and through the
power of his position as attorney-general, created a legend
regarding his infallibility. The. legend is now surely exploded, and thc people have proved themselves better
judges than the Conservative party.
THE CHARGES PROVEN
There is nothing in all this which is meant to be personal to Mr. Bowser. He must be judged as a politician
who has led his party into the most tremendous defeat.
Nothing quite like it has been known in Canadian polities
before. Not a single one of his ministers apparently have
been returned to the house. Now that in itself is significant.  -It proves that he cannot choose men.
The fact is that the chief charge laid against Mr. Bowser as a politician has been proven to the hilt. He will not
choose ministers who may he of an independent turn of
mind. He desires no opposition from within to his own
imperious way. He wants no advice. He refused to bc
guided by anything but his own entirely perverse judgment. If no one shared the throne with him, then no
one could he credited with all the wonderful things which
were about to happen under his government. It must
always be remembered that Mr. Bowser was tremendously
ambitious lie really believed that he could lead British
Columbia along thc road to a wonderful prosperity. He
knew her enormous resources and he believed he could
develop them. But while he cried all thc time that his
government was a business government, he forgot that
he himself is no business man. He has never been trained
to business but to law, two utterly different things. The
lawyer's training is essentially to see things from one
point of view and only one point of view, namely, that of
the client. Thc real business man has to see things from
all sides and carefully estimate the chances both for and
against the business he contemplates. Moreover, Mr.
Bowser is an absolute child when it comes to finance. He
(Voes not know the first thing about it, as anyone who
listens to his speeches for five minutes can tell. A very
excellent illustration of this was the blunder he made in
North Vancouver when he pointed out how the payroll of
the Wallace shipyards had increased owing to the Shipping Bill. As additional proof of the prosperity which
had come to-the North Shore through thiS legislation, he
cited the ferry figures, which showed an increase of several' thousand dollars last August over thc August of
1915.'' Those figures would merely prove at once that
traffic had increased and that if this increase was to "be
attributed to shipbuilding, the men were spending the
wages they earned in Xorth Vancouver in Vancouver, as
they were mostly living on the Vancouver side. Xo man
with any ideas of finance would have made a blunder of
that kind.
SO TO THE FUTURE
However there is no need to dwell upon the past. Mr.
Bowser hopes, as has been said to gain a seat in tbe legislature  through  the  soldiers"  vote.    His  tactlessness  was
nia  and
I wished  him  all  success.     He  wutild have  Stated  that   any
assistance he could give to the new government he would
j be delighted to give as his "bit" which wo all have to do
in these times. Instead���.veil, it was just Mr. Dowser.
He cannot, will not, and does not want to Understand thai
times have changed. It is the-same. with so many of his
ardent supporters. They cannot see beyond Bowser and
the old methods.
So to thc future and its vast opportunities.
What use will the new government make of its great
victory. In Mr. Brewster's admirable manifesto of thanks
to the electorate, which should have been given the tit-
most publicity by all the press, regardless of party, he
emphasises the Liberal victory not as a party victory, but
as a victory for good government. That is the salient and
main purpose of the victory. The people determined that
Mr.' Bowser's conception of political morality was not
the sort of morality they bclicveu in. They therefore determined to give Mr. Brewster a chance to show what
could be done by new minds more in touch with thc feeling
of the people. Most people arc inclined to say that fine
words do not make fine deeds, and that admitting Mr.
Brewster's manifesto to be filled with fine words, it is
only a "scrap of paper."
MR. BREWSTER'S OPPORTUNITY
On the other hand, Mr. Brewster is a very honest sort
of man. He may be subjected to many intrigues by those
seeking political favors, hut he will have behind him the
strongly independent wing of the party. The one thing
he has to avoid is playing party politics. There should
be no attempt to turn thc provincial victory to federal
advantage.    That would be a grave mistake.
Apart from the intrigues of a"ll, those who may cry at
the doors of Mr. Brewster's office, 'Alone I did it," and
leaving out the machinations of the more bitter partisans
of Liberalism���their machinations will have to be watched carefully lest they seize some opportunity to re-establish their ascendancy, and from the very first it may be as
well to frankly warn them to keep off the grass else they
will lurn the provincial Liberal party into the political
desert���it is supposed that Mr. Brewster's first business
will be to choose a cabinet. Some of the victors arc certain choices. Messrs. Ralph Smith. Macdonald, T. Duf-
ferin Pattullo, John Oliver and Sloan, for instance. Others
have certain claims, but the claims of this or thai man
should weigh nothing agaiitst his abilities. What duties
are expected of a minister, what is he expected to administer, and what experience or abilitj  has he for office.
From first to last, not one of the new members has
ever held office before. Therefore as administrators, they
are all on the same level. Politically, Mr. Ralph Smith is
the patriarch of the party. But the test of capability may
be found in the accomplishments of the candidates for office. Are they business men? Are they men of imagination balanced by common sense. Will they be likely to
make such blunders as Mr. Lome Campbell when, without knowing anything at all about chemistry, he got up
and pointed to the coal resources of British Columbia as
enabling her to rival Germany in the dye industry, or
words to that effect. That sort of thing must be avoided.
The new ministers when appointed will surely make it
tlieir first business to study their departments and ask
the advice of men who have real knowledge. After all.
they arc merely directors of a company, and individual
directors may not bc departmental experts.
THE FINANCIAL PROBLEM
Then there is the question of finance. Mr. Brewster
has a tremendous problem on his hands. How are we going to carry on and yet pay our debts. How arc wc to
raise more money? What savings can bc effected? The
first thing to be done seems to be to issue a plain statement to the people of the financial situation. We want a
bah.nee sheet showing how we stand On thc day Mr. Brewster assumes office. We want the budget brought up to
date and a list of our assets and liabilities, including the
railway liabilities. On that balance sheet will the new government have to base practically all its legislation. The
people will understand that a business government cannot
run the business of the province without some sort of
capital, and what that capital is and really consists of.
and what assets can be developed to increase revenue
without increasing expenditure, needs very clear judgment.   To get out such a iitdgei will be an easy task, the
difficulty will be to make both ends meet. The late government has left a heritage of extravagant legislation
which it will be extremely difficult to curtail or amend.
The guarantees already given, the industries started or
arrangements made, on the supposition that thc late government would remain in power, will all have to be most
carefully revised. The interests of the investor, of the
man who has taken a chance in perfectly good faith, must
not be damaged.
THE PROHIBITION RESULT
Immediately a very interesting question arises. Mr.
Bowser promised in his sp ;ech on May 25 the appointment
of a judicial commission to investigate the case for compensation under the British Columbia Prohibition Act.
Mr. Brewster is, of course, not bound by this promise,
but at the same time, being a fair-minded man, he is almost certain to carry out this promise, for the reason
that so many of the prohibitionists voted for prohibition
on the understanding that there would be compensation.
It is perhaps a legal question but it would seem' to the
plain man that the liquor people would have a very good
;case against the people of British Columbia if a commission on compensation were now refused. Is it certain
that in that case prohibition as it stands today is legally
passed by the vine of tlie majority? lu order to prevent
any such misunderstanding,'surely the most ardent prohibit) ��� i-i- will not object to tbe appointment of such a
-:"..'< -' ei : II a< the; haw sti ti ;. til i ��� and again,
that     her provinces ba I ��� .:   .. and that
' .��� . .     ..,   . .,._.,.    i(   ,.   |        .
rrcsui   ng, howe' j r, tl at Mr. Brewster to a\oi.I an awk-
:         fl to keej   ii]   hi    ���������   ll-l nbwn  i eputati m
poii       ���  ��� ��� mmi siou,    Now it is ain ost
certain a a, .pr ���;������. rly i ppointed, would bring in
��� ti ; .. and it must he admitted that the
en,ts under the Municipal Liquor Act in hotel
pert} were wry large, A man could not run a bar
without a hotel. Now h iw can the people of British Columbia add to their liabilities by paying compensation at
such a time as this to tire liquor people? As has been
said in previous articles, the question of compensation,is
a very serious one. Without compensation British Columbia may get a bad name. With compensation the investor will shrug his shoulders and take his fate ^ for '
granted.
CAN THEY COMPROMISE?
If the so-called "liquor interests" will forego compensation on condition that the bars are abolished���which,
after all, was the main idea behind the Prohibition Bill���
and cafe licenses granted, is it not possible to find the right
way out of the present imbroglio. Later if the cafe system
proves bad, the licenses can be extinguished gradually.
But the hotels which cat*r for a large number of travellers surely should be allowed to sell wine or beer with their
meals when a man under the present bill can import as
much as he likes to drink in his own house. Has proper
consideration been given by the prohibitionists or anti-
prohibitionists to this aspect of the case? It might entail
another referendum or other legislation, but if some such
compromise, which accomplishes the main objective of
abolishing the bar without hurting to any great extent
the investments in hotels, can be made legal, is it not
likely to be acceptable to the great majority of the people,
rather than the pernicious kind of legislation passed at
thc last session entirely with a view to gaining voles.
This is the course, these articles have consistently advocated, and despite the fact that prohibition has carried
by a majority which there is no need to imagine tbe soldiers' vote will alter, is it not, after all, the best course?
STATESMANSHIP WANTED
Here are immediately two very important legacies left
by thc last government. It will need statesmanship and
courage to settle them satisfactorily. Looming behind
them is the problem of the Pacific Great Eastern Kail-
wax and many other matters of a like nature. At present
there is no need to deal with these problems. This article
is merely roncerned wiih the immediate result ol the
elections. Perhaps at some future time the opportunity
may offer lor discussing the policy of the new government in greater detail.
The "TURNING POINT" hai been reached. The people have ohoten a nett government! which will be led by
Mr. Brewster He ii determined to abolish patronage and
to prevent the horde of office seekers and expectant beneficiaries profiting by his victory. He has already been
somewhat cynically reminded oi this promise by that arbiter of our morals, THE WORLD, whose predeliction for
Mr II II. Stevens and the Harbor Board is quite understandable. The Pacific Dredging Company evidently approves of the Nelson touch. But what hypocrisy it all is.
Imagine THE WORLD endeavoring to read moral lectures to Mr. Brewster on bis great opportunities, when it
deliberately backed the Conservatives at the election, and
Mr. Stevens on all occasions. Mr. Stevens and our old
friend. Sam McClay. Their day is probably done, together with that of the Hon. Robert Rogers and Major Genera! Sam Hughes. The lesson of the provincial elections
will not escape the eye of Sir Robert Borden at Ottawa.
He has an excellent excuse and can prove himself a real
leader. THE WORLD still keeps up the fiction about
Mr. Stevens and the C. P. R.. as fl the latter were the
greedy corporation and Mr. Stevens the poor little saint
fighting for the people's rights. As Mr. Peters stated
some time ago, when Mr. Stevens has the goodness to
present the railway with proper facts and figures on a
business like basis, no doubt the latter will be pleased
to consider the whole of his Terminal scheme from the
point of view of business. Otherwise, like everyone else,
the railway naturally opposes guaranteeing bonds for
$5,000,000 on the say so of Mr. Stevens. Sam McClay and
other interested parties. The administration of the har-
bor, like the administration'of the sewerage board, should
be in the hands of a competent engineer and secretary
and an unpaid board. Tha't is one of the first reforms it
is to be hoped the provincial governmen* will undertake
as far as provincial affairs are concerned. By setting an
example with the sewerage board, the Federal government,
might follow that example and deal summarily with the
harbor board.
���CRITICUS.
��� TWO
THE STANDARD
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1916
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Member ef the Canadian Press Association.
The Standard, with which is Incorporated the Saturday
Chinook, circulates In Vancouver and the cities, towns, villages and settlements throughout British Columbia. In
pelltlcs the paper Is Independent Liberal.
Va-bllshers The Standard Printers
THE LIQUOR QUESTION ONCE MORE     .
BEHIND the Speaker's chair in the legislative building
at Victoria is a narrow stairway which leads to a bar,
where all manner of liquors are dispensed to Members of parliament.
Many a drunken legislator in the days of the past staggered down that stairway to be present in the house to
vote upon a bill which he knew nothing about���oftentiq-cs
a bill which saddled millions of debt upon this province.
Drunkenness was the great curse of the last legislature,
and through it all we never had a word of protest from
that pious dental expert from Vancouver. His prohibition mania struck him just before election time.
We sincerely hope that whatever may happen to the
prohibition legislation before the Province, that Premier
Brewster will strike one blow for "safety first" and abolish
the bar-room in the legislature. Wc believe it would be
quite as fitting to have a bar behind the pulpit in every
church in the Province as to have such an institution
running full blast at all hours within the sacred portals
of parliament.
THE QUESTION OF RECRUITING
SIXTEEN men from San Francisco, electrical workers mechanics and laborers, formed a party which
reached Vancouver some days ago en route to one of
the mills up the coast to work on construction.
These men were not British citizens. They we're going
to Canadian jobs at top-notch wages to earn Canadian
' money. Hundreds of these men are coming into British
Columbia. They are floaters, of course, and will go back
to the Stars and Stripes when their jobs here are completed. These fellows, many "of them, smile at the idea of
Canadians rushing into khaki. While the Canadian is off
fighting for his country and 'While his family in many
instances receives money from patriotic funds, the alien
is on hand to fill the Canadian's position.
We point this out with only the most patriotic motives
in mind. Recruiting must be encouraged, and the great
fight must be carried on to a victorious conclusion. Meantime the authorities might turn to' British Columbia and,
with the best interests of Canada and the Empire in mind,
control recruiting here so that thc need may never arise
to import from foreign countries all the men to bc engaged upon productive enterprise in this province.
PROPORTIONAL  REPRESENTATION
MOST of the gentlemen who have been advocating
the proportional system of electing members to
office are strongly in favor of prohibition.
Prohibition has carried in British Columbia with a small
majority of votes to the good.
According to thc theory of proportional representation,
is the enforcement of prohibition on a bare majority of
votes a just thing?
Should women's suffrage be enforced on a bare majority basis?
These are questions which have been asked and we
would gladly extend the columns of THE STANDARD
to a full discussion of the various phases of proportional
representation.    ���
One supporter of proportional representation says that
under that system such questions as prohibition and women's suffrage would bc settled in the legislature. So
thoroughly representative of all phases of thc life of the
province would the legislature bc under the proposed
system that the necessity of recall or referendum would be
removed and the legislature would he the highest and most
responsible authority to deal with any provincial matter.
One of the planks of the Liberal party is proportional
representation, one which in time Mr. Brewster may be
expected to implement..
IFW
SIR CHARLES MAY LEAD IN B.C.
DURING the past week leading Conservatives have
expressed the hope that Sir Charles Hjbbert Tupper
may be prevailed upon to lead the Conservative party���or what is left of it���in the Province of British Columbia. It is well known that Sir Charles has refused to
accept high office under Sir Robert Borden. In redeeming the name of the* party in British Columbia the services
of a big man will be required, and the integrity, honesty
and ability of Sir Charles mark him as a likely person to
head the Conservative party in this Province.
R. B. BENNETT WILL LEAD IN ALBERTA
ANNOUNCEMENT from Calgary is to the effect that
R. B. Bennett will resign his seat in the House of
Commons next month to become leader of the Con
servativc party in Alberta. Mr. Bennett distinguished
himself some time ago wheft he opposed his party on the
question of the grant of $45,000,000 to Mackenzie and
Mann. He is a great orator, a clever lawyer, and a hard
hitter, *
DON'T  FORGET
To bny your SCHOOL BOOKS at
THE BOOKSHOP,
G.  S.  FORSYTH  &  CO.
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
������
Vancouver City Liberal Association
Vancouver, B. C, September 20th, 1916.
Editor, "The Standard,"
426 Homer Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Sir:
On behalf of the Vancouver City Liberal Association, I wish to lake ihis opportunity of thanking you for ihe very effective work accomplished by you in the Campaign
jusl held. The editorials by "Crlticus" are conceded to have been most damaging to
ihc Governmeni. I consider ihe Liberal Party owes a great deal lo "The Standard" for
the success gained ai the Polls on September 14th.
Wishing you continued success.
Yours very truly,
CHAS. E. CAMPBELL,
President.
THE PACIFIC AND GREAT EASTERN
THE P. and G. E. Railway question will be the filrst
matter of importance to come before the new legislature.
As there is a little matter of $13,000,000 which will have
to be settled, thc people may look out for squalls.
INSTEAD OF "PUNKIN JUICE," BREWERIES NOW
MAKE FRUIT JUICE
THE following may or may not be of solace to the
brewery interests of British Columbia. We clip from
the Kansas City TIMES:
"In the campaigns for prohibition in Oregon and Washington thc liquor interests pointed to the big brewing
plants which would bc closed, and the hundreds of men
who would be thrown out of work if those states became
dry, and that argument had influence with many voters.
But prohibition came in both these states and tliis is what
happened:
"You ha ce seen in The Star a page advertisement of
'Loju,' a new fruit juice. This is a product of the breweries
of Oregon and Washington.
"Leopold F. Schmidt, founder and owner of great breweries in Olympia, Salem and Bellingham, saw that prohibition was coming. He believed in the future of fruit juices
and he organized a company and before the prohibitory
law went into effect he stopped making beer and equipped
his three brewery plants to make 'Loju,' the juice of ripe
apples. The new fruit juices were liked by thc public,
the demand grew, the business prospered and now, instead of being closed, the three breweries are running
at full capacity and more men arc employed than formerly.
And these men have the pride of knowing that they are
in a clean business which is a benefit instead of a curse
to mankind."
RECALLS THE DAYS OF 1870
OTTAWA Citizens: Should Combles fall into the hands
of the French, as now seems inevitable, there vvill
be enacted a drama linking the present war with that
of 1870 in interesting fashion. Beyond Combles is Mont
St. Quentin, where Smith-Doricn retreated in August
1914, after vainly attempting to stem the British retreat
before overwhelming forces of Germans who, curiously
enough, comprised the Ninth Corps of von Kluck's army
and who were North Germans from the coast lands around
Hamburg and Bremen and the flats of Schleswig-Holstein.
In the Franco-Prussian war tliis corps, under von Mann-
stein, engaged the French centre on the great day of
Gravelotte. And even more curiously it was the possession of St. Quentin by the Germans in 1870 which enabled
them to shell the French in Peronue. If the French take
Combles and St. Quentin they will be in a position to
return the Teuton compliment of forty-five years ago in
shelling thc German position at Peronue.. History is repeating in a manner quite satisfactory to the allies.
THE MARKET VALUE OF TALK
THE market value of mere talk goes down and down.
We have with us this morning, this evening, and all
the time of day between, the man who talks too much
with his mouth. The quiet fellow who does the work,
but can't express himself as well as he delivers thc goods,
shows up at an uncomfortable disadvantage while the talk
is on; but not beforehand nor afterward. He bides his
time and has his innings.
Who has not listened to the stream of talk gushing like
an oil well from the lower part of the face of some interminable loquacity and wondered how it is done? One
speaker in parliament who was trying to hold up a certain
bill, uttered 1,163,000 words against it, all in vain. Assuredly he could have said a million words fewer and there
would have been no great bereavement among our citizens.
We are all of us very much obliged to the fellow who
"stands up, speaks up and shuts up." The terrible feature of a committee meeting is the man who must have
his say. As he begins to develop his own idea it carries
him away and he goes on and on with it. He exhausts the
subject and those present. But another man brings the
whole of the deliberation to a focus in a few sentences
and makes the long palaver seem superfluous.
When Washington presided over the sessions that gave
the United States.the Constitution he spoke once. The
chairman of such a convention nowadays would have been
interrupting, rebuking, commenting continually, just so as
to break into print, and to let the, whole country know
that he was it.
A few words from a man of action count far more than
a long harangue from a windbag. When a big man talks
it is his personality that speaks, and not simply his tongue.
His autobiography of achievement is back of him. His
struggle upward all thc way to the place where he now
stands is his best eloquence, his convincing logic,
The immediate honors of the occasion may be carried
off by some sauve and debonair gentleman whose mellifluous tongue sets the King's English to music. But as
the meeting breaks up, what the people go away with
is not the address of the polished rhetorician, but the message of the simple, homely soul who all his days has been
living the truth that he now brings to utterance. The
character qualifies the pulpiteering. What you say counts
or is discounted by virtue or default of the man you are.
NO NEED TO EMPLOY PRISONERS OF WAR
THE-d'aily newspapers tell us that our alien enemies
are being taken from the internment camps to work
at different places throughout Canada, "owing to the
scarcity of labor." If there was a real scarcity of labor
this action could be defended, but when it is known that
in the camps in the Shornecliffe and West Sandling area
alone, there are in the neighborhood of three thousand
Canadian soldiers who arc unfit for further service at the
front, and who are'unable to get any further than the
base in England, and who would be more profitably employed back working in Canada, the action of the Government is indefensible. Why not let these men get back
home to do the work that is now being done by the alien
enemies? There are Canadians in England who have
been waiting for six months on their discharge, but they
are still being kept in England doing nothing but wearying.
CHINOOK
Breezes of Indignation
And Information
IT HAS BEEN learned that the men who bought the
back page of the NEWS-ADVERTISER some days before thc election to call upon the people to vote for Prohibition and the Conservative party, were Mr. H, H. Watson and Dr. McGuire. Of course the people were suspicious of all things politically appearing in the Conservative organ. Thus did the plot of Dr. McGuire to
hook Prohibition to the party machine completely fall
through./ This plot had its inception when the dentist
went in as manager of the Movement at Three Hundred
a month", and while managing it had daily conferences
with the leader of his party.
* * *
EVEN THE STRONGEST prohibitionists will pray for
the success of the "tanks" on the Western front.
THE OREGON MAN who went outside the three mile
limit to peddle booze was quite resourceful. This is not
the first time that a man selling liquor has gone beyond
the limit, nor the first time that a man drinking liquor
has gone beyond the limit.
* �� *
SOME DAY WE may have the man who will sell liquor
from balloons or aeroplanes. He will be known as an
aerolegger, and though in the whiskey business, his calling will bc of a high character.
* * *
J. FRANCIS BURSILL plans opening an intellectual
blind pig at a Granville Street hall Sunday night.
see
THE LATE MR. GURNEY, Canadian millionaire stove
manufacturer, wanted a protective tariff "Higher than
Haman's Gallows." There are men in Canada who are
60 opposed to the idea of protective tariffs that they believe that the gallows would bc a fitting end for all high
protectionists.
* * *
THE "WORLD" REFERS to natives of Ontario as On-
trians. This sounds too much like Austrians ever to become a popular name.
* * *
NOW IS THE season when the man on the street corner
remarks that if the Hon.   or Mr.  , M.P.P.,
didn't feather the nest well while in power "he was a
bloody fool."
* * *
"THE TIDE HAS Turned in British Columbia" is the
announcement the NEWS-ADVERTISER carries over an
interview the day after the elections with the General
Manager of the Bank of Commerce.
* * *
A SIGHT WORTH seeing would be that of little 'Arry
Stevens arguing with Lord Shaughnessy pn the subject
of harbor development.
* * *
WE PREDICT THAT in the next Dominion contest the
present member in the Commons for Vancouver will lose
his deposit regardless of the colors under which he
chooses to run.
* * *
IT IS TO be hoped that the new Government may find a
way in which the senseless Saturday afternoon closing
act may be repealed. That particular piece of legislation,
like many of the acts of the dying government, was the
result of the panic which seized the premier and his associates.
-   * * *
THERE WILL BE gnashing of teeth in certain quarters
when "Hon." John Oliver, that thorn in the flesh of political imposture, takes the scat of the privileged in the
legislature, says the Victoria TIMES.
* * *
IN THE RECENT campaign the barber vote seems to
have been catered to with great care by the Liberals. Of
thirty-seven members returned, twenty-nine are beardless.
Counting Mr. Donnelly in there are six moustachios. Of
whiskers there are two, lead by Honest John Oliver. Mr.
McCurdy, of Esquimalt, has a full-fledged beard, which,
however, is not as-radical as those of Honest John. Of
the bald-headed gentlemen, there are four, including
Messrs. Stewart, Bell and Weart, and no wigs.
* * *
STRAWS, THEY SAY, show the direction of the wind.
The fact that thc Canadian Pacific Railway is taking liquor off all the diners on the coast-to-coast service is a
good sized straw. The sentiment against alcohol is growing.
* + *
WE OBSERVE THAT the WORLD snaps at the PROVINCE because the PROVINCE suggested that Brewster might let Bowser in by acclamation in Alberni. The
WORLD says that "Mr. Bowser doesn't need these favors." Even in death Wee Willie has at least one faithful friend.
A NEW NATIONAL POLICY
It is thc misfortune of British Columbia taht she has a small agricultural population, a misfortune, we
hope, soon to be repaired. Though
not to the same extent, thc whole of
Camilla shares in this misfortune;
there are too many people in the cities and not enough on the land. It
will be one of the policies of the
Brewster administration of British
Columbia to encourage the settler to
take up land, and make it easier for
anyone to ['start in farming. The
emigrants who will come when the
war is over must take up land. The
Dominion has made no preparation
for receiving them. The need for
a national land policy is great, a new
(national policy, a greater national
policy, aiming to place settlers on the
land. The federal Liberal party
should put this new national policy
plank into their platform. It would
be a great plank, worthy of the great
Liberal party, which is to be the majority party, the party in office, after the next Dominion election,
By such a policy, Canada might in
a few years be made one of the greatest agricultural nations in the World.
A large agricultural population makes
a nation great and rich and independent.
The Dominion government helps
the poor manufacturers and corporations hy food taxes and high tariffs
which* Benefit a few, and raise the
cost of living for the many. But it
has done little to encourage agricul
ture, in a broad sense, and to get people on the vacant land. Thc agricultural population of Canada is very
small. The area of farm land available is enormous.
The farmer is to a country the
greatest source of wealth and power.-
Of all men he is the most independent. His independence gives a positive outlook on life, rather than the
negative outlook so common in the
city man. The best type of farmer is
a man the test of whose character is
his simplicity. The land makes him
simple; he lives close to the stump,
keeping the spirit of youth to old
age, and associating with nature. He
is a producer of real wealth, the
wealth which is the foundation of all
riches.���Vancouver Sun.
WE ARE PATRIOTIC!
por our patriotism we Canadians
pay dearly, and pay all the time. On
this page two articles are referred to,
which might be required by an enterprising, go-ahead farmer. A third
might be mentioned.
Suppose a man has worked for
years until at last he feels that he is
in a position to indulge in a few of
the luxuries and conveniences that he
has been denied. He sets out to improve the place and to secure a better
"plant" for his farming operations.
He .buys a small tractor, not feeling able to buy a larger one, in view
of his other heavy expenditures.
"". He puts in a small ejectric lighting
plant for the house and barns. It was
really the missus who wanted this,
and it was coming to her all right.
She had slaved with him for years
without complaint, and they both
wanted comfort.
Then he invests in an automobile so
that he won't be tied to the place,
attractive and all as it now is. A
change is as good as a rest, he has
been told. And so he buys a Dodge,
having been told that it is a good investment.
* * *
. And when he ha6 done all this, and
has paid for it all, he gets thinking,
and works it out to see how he stands.
This is what he finds:
U.S.       Can.
Price     Price
Tractor  $365        $500
Electric  Light  Plant..    275 375
Dodge        785       1,100
$1*425 $1,975
He discovers that he has paid the
Government $550 .for nothing at all.
And then he stops to think a little
harder, and it comes to him that for
all three of these articles he will have
to go on paying the Government untir
they are worn out���for they all use-
gasoline, on which a duty is charged.
Why did he not buy Canadian-made
articles instead of the imported ones?-
There aren't any, unless automobiles,
and if he had bought one of them,
who would have got the money?
Aren't we patriotic? If we aren't,,
who are?���Toronto Weekly Sun. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 23. 1916
THE  STANDARD
Mrs. J. W. Troupe of Victoria, cn-|
tertained at tea last week iu honor of
I.ady McBride, who is soon to leave
to join Sir Richard McBride in London.
�� * *
Miss Dorothy Mc Phillips has returned from Seattle, where she has
been visiting during the past fortnight as the guest of the Misses Gorman.
* * *
St. Andrew's C. !���',. society held
their regular weekly prayer meeting
in thc church parlors on Monday evening. The meeting was led by Mrs.
Gillespie and several members I iok
part.
t M
Mis, Adele Perry, daughter of Mr.
and Mrs S. A. Perry, 334 Twelfth
avenue west, returned home on Tuesday after spending the
Chicago, Toronto and other eastern
ciVf&S.
* * tf
Miss Ethel Boultbee, wh hi
nursihg in  Frani e sin :e tl real
"i the war, is expect* I in Van Oliver
this week ou a furlough of ten days.
She will return to  England again,
* * t
.'Miss Katy Snider, who bas been the
guest of .Mrs. Mar-ball Smith for scv-
eral weeks, left yesterday for Regina,
where ihe will spend several days
with   her   father   before   leaving    for
England.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. E, G. Sherwood arc
visiting with Mr. and Mrs. S. A. Sherwood in Bellingham. Mr.' and Mrs.
S. A. Sherwood and their guests made
a  week-end  motor  trip   to   Harrison
Hot Springs.
* * *
Miss Lillian Kennedy. Spruce
street, has returned to the city after
spending several weeks in Calgary as
the  guest  of her  brother  and  sister,
Lieut, and Mrs Hugh Kennedy, formerly of this city. Lieut. Kennedy
is leaving soon for overseas  service.
* ��� *
Mrs. K. J. Longden entertained at
a bridge tea when her guests were
Mrs. owe of Minneapolis, Mrs. E. 1'.
Davis, Mrs. C. 11. Macneill. Mrs. J. C.
Shaw, Mrs. E. W. I'elers, Mrs. Cecil
Merritt, Mrs. Langrod, Mrs. Percy
Shallcross, Mrs. Brodie, Mrs, !���".. W,
llamber, Mrs. Cleaver Cox, Mrs. Ot-
lley.
* * *
A home-cooking sale in aid of the
Ralph Markham circles of Ward Six
I risoners' of War fund will be bib!
..I 794 Granville street on Friday at 1
p.m. An opportunity will be afforded
the public to purchase Mrs, J. Ilill-
maii's recipe for devil's fool caki
which has ��ron lhe first prize for two
���on secutive yi ar i at thi Vano mi 11
exhibition.
* * *
The marriage y as celebrated i n
1 i daj evi ni"" ai the residence of
Mr. and Mrs. A. Bethune, Point Grej
road, of iheir niece, M iss Ali e Bi
une, and Mr. James Walker. The
ceremony  toolt   place  in   tlic  dra
! room, which was beautifully decorated '.villi pink roses. Tiie bride svore
a gown of ivory ninon with a court
train ,and  draperies  of  Spanish  lace.
| Mrs. Bethune'.* gown was of black
velvet with rose point lace. While
chrysanthemums formed the floral
decoration of the tea room. Mr. and
Mrs. Walker left later for Seattle and
Other points to the south, the bride
travelling in a suit of brown broadcloth with hat lo match. On their
return, they will take up their residence in  Kitsilano.
The V. W. C. A. secretaries arc
planning for the winter's work which
will   begin   on   Monday,   October   2.
Again the association is fortunate in
securing Miss Grace Goddard as physical directress, she to have charge of
the gymnasium and swimming classes
with the single exception of the Sunshine club on Wednesday evenings,
and this class will bc taken by Miss
Ethel Vance. Four adult classes will
be put ou in tbe gym. Mondays and
Thursdays, 8-0.30 p.m., for advanced,
pupils, Tuesdays aud Fridays, 8-9.311
p.m. for beginners. A special
class for school girls will be on Monday and Tuesday afternoons at 4.30.
The exercises, club-swinging, folk
dancing, etc., will be accompanied by
first-class music by Miss Phillips and
one of the secretaries, Miss McKenzie, who is a very talented musician.
Miss McKenzie will arrive on October 1 from Calgary, and the plan'is
to make her supervisor of the music
of the whole association. Ml young
women intending I i avail them >i 1
lof this splendid opportunity to
| health and efficiency, and in identall;
rei ieation,
i tratiot are brisk these daj -. ! ither activities which will be gone into
furl ler lat( r on, are el icution, vocal
Ie isons,   i in e     i ui   " Pi   nj si m's
: Idyls of ihc King." by Ku. K. Thom-
iai I   im ntary  procedure hy
Mli,'  .   current   events,   shorl
land   typewriting   course.    Study   this
|programme before filling in y mr winter evenings.
:;:     tt
Mrs. Wallace II. I'arkes entertained
at a pickle and jam shower in honor
of Miss Anna Card, a bride-to-be.
The tea table was prettily decorated
with pink and white roses and carnations. Master Vivian Crocker, on behalf of those present, showered the
guest of honor with a stock ol pickles and jam. The guests included
Misses J. Parker, Mr. Mortcnsen, J.
Mortenscn, R. Mortensen, E. Parker,
D. Crocker, M. Brown, M. Ward, M.
Smith,   I.   Gracey,   Mrs.   Humphreys
and Mrs. T. Crocker.
t. tt *
Mrs. W. H. Grififn, the organizer
and first president of the Women's
Liberal association of Vancouver, has
received the following telegram from
Mr. H. C. Brewster, the premier-
elect:
Mrs. W. H. Griffin,
President Women's Liberal Association of Vancouver,
Thanks for congratulations. Permit me to express my sincere appreciation of the valuable assistance rendered the Liberal party by efforts of
your association.
(Signed)    II. C. BREWSTER
* �� *
I.ady Drummond suggests that
some fifteen thousand Christmas
stockings for thc hospitals might be
asked for from Canada with thc understanding that any stockings not
needed for Canadian patients would
be given lo other soldiers in the Canadian military hospitals. She suggests that each stocking might contain one each of the following arti-
iles: I'oekei mil ror, pocket pencil,* a
cheap stylo pen, in addition to chewing gum and other small gifts, such
as handkerchief, writing paper, etc
She asks thai the suggestion be made
lo the makers lhal the stocking-
should not he unduly large or i ... ������.-
pensively filled. These stockings
must be reaily for shipment n.ol later
than tiie last of October.
VANCOUVER SOLDIER  PAYS
COMPLIMENT TO RED CROSS
I i'. ate   Dai id   !::���!.! in   of   the   "th i
iii  a  letter to bis  brother,
John, a-lrftelmber of the STANDARD
i a big   complimi nt   to  ihe!
IJ' '   i   ���       ���      ��� iati m   for   their  at-
o   ������ ���   ��� ���     ' ir  !., ,c to the  wounded
"Some class to mr," be writes.
"Lady Drummond, whom I do not
know, is ] ind enough to send me a
copy of the WORLD every day. I
appreciate it wry much and cannot
thank them loo much for their unfailing  attention."
Private Rankin is lying in hospital
at Orpington, Kent, and since his admittance there his brother has had
letters from ihe Red Cross letting him
know  how   he   is   progressing.
His elder brother. Hugh, is participating in the big push in France
with the machine gun section ol" the
lArgyle and Sutherland Highlanders of
the  Imperial army.
���^df/
$fdr
Store opens at 8.30 a.m. amd closes at 6 p.m.
fc        ���                                                                                                                                                                                                s   .
An Excellent Showing of
New Fur
Trimmings
OWING to the popularity
of fur for trimmings, we have
provided   exceptionally  co
mplete   assortments    in   most
wanted styles and varieties.
The following among others
are in popular demand now
.   You will find these on dis-
play in the department on the main floor.
J Slack and dark brown long
Black and dark brown long
cut   conv.   1    inch   W.'de,
cut conv. 8 inches wide.
$1 per yard.
$6 per yard.
Black sable,  1   inch  wide,
$1.50 per yard.
Black and dark brown reverse    cony,    4    in
Black -able, 1 inches wide.
wide. $3.50 per yard.
$3 per yard.
Black and dark brow :i r< -
Brown  marten,    3-4  inch
'���''ir..      G    inchi
wide, $1  per yard.
. $5 per yard.
Fitch, 1 inch wide, $��.25
i Ha              1 trk brown re-
pet* yard.
cony,    8    inches
Fitch,      1    inches    wide.
wide, $6 per yard.
$2.50 per yard.
Brown  nutria.    4    inches
Grey squirrel,  111    inches
wide. $12.50 per yard.
wide, $2.50 per yard.
Black opossum,    4 inches
Heaver.   1   inch   wide,   $3
wide. $12.50 per yard.
per yard.
Mule  cony.  4  inches  wide.
Black and dark brown long
$6 pel- vard.
cut conv. 4 inches wide,
$3.50 per yard.
Grey kitt fox cony, 4 inches wide. $6 per yard.
J Hack and dark brown long
cut conv. 6 inches wide.
Black Hudson seal, 4 inch
$5 per yard.
es wide. $15 per yard.
575 GRANVILLE
Phone Sey. 3540
Immense Stocks & Wonderful Variety
Wait Your Viewing in our
Dress Goods Section
���MONTHS AGO we realized that there was a likelihood of a woolen shortage, ami our European buyers were instructed to buy all thc standing stocks
they could get their hands on. The consequence is
wc have Suitings, Serges, Dress Goods, Velveteens
and Silks in plenty made in the old-time qualities
and with original dyes���and it goes without saying
that purchasing large stocks for our big chain of
stores commanded price advantages. So that it is a
fact, as shopping will prove, that ou many lines, our '
prices arc as low, and in some instances lower than
wholesalers are asking for similar goods today.
By All Means Get Your
Fall Dress Goods Here
We Guarantee Style-Quality
Service and Economy
���FOLLOWING is a partial list of-our prices:
���FINE FRENCH hard twist yarn serges. Excellent wearing and a most popular weave.
Comes in new autumn colors, 50 inches wide,
at, a yard    $1.85
���SMOOTH Gabardine twill suitings in new
shades, 52 inches wide, at, yard $2.10
���SUPERFINE broadcloths in black, nigger
brown and taupe, 50 inches wide, at, a yard..$2.85
���HEAVY pure wool corduroys of fine yarn;
beautiful autumn shades, a yard   $3.50
���AS WELL as many popular weaves in woolen
fabrics in fall shades at $1.25, $1.50, $1.65,
1.75  and  .$1.95
A Black Satin Special
���FIVE PIECES of the well-known C. J. Honriet's
French "Fleur de nice" black duchess mousseline;
full 36 inches wide. This beautiful quality pure
silk ranks as one of the most reliable and best
known  silks  in   the  trade,  and being  this  season
.   very fashionable will no doubt sell quickly at this
special offer.    Most stores are selling at $2
yard.    Our special price   $1.40
New Velveteen Suitings
JUST OPENED UP
-FASHION DECREES velvets and velveteens to
be more correct than ever for tbis fall. We have
made splendid provision to meet the demand and
believe ourselves to be better equipped, with larger stocks and better values than any other store in
the West.
INCHES wide, rich black velveteen suiting, deep pile and guaranteed fast blacks
(note the width, 44 inches); very exceptional
value at, yard   $2.75
���44 INCHES wide, heavy black velveteen suiting, a superb quality and equal in appearance
to many a silk velvet.    Per yard  $3..50
���27 INCHES wide black velveteen, an extra
good quality for the price, at. a yard  $1.25
���LOUIS BRAND black velveteens, 24 in. wide,
a  yard    $1.00  and $1.25
���OTHER   reliable   black
yard  	
���RICH BLACK hollow cut corduroy velvet:
beautiful   quality,   per   yard    $1.25
���27 INCHES wide English hollow cut chiffon
velveteen corduroy; finish and dye guaranteed  fast black;  per yard    $1.75
elveteens.     at   per
 75c, 89c and $1.00
NEXT WEEK
AT THE THEATRES
ffhr fin droits Bay (fompamjjl
INCOBPOBATED 1670
MMIERTt.BUS.BlME STOWS COHMISSKWER
KS>
ORPHEUM   PROVING   HIT
Orpheum vaudeville, with its first
week's run here after a lapse of two
years, is proving a decided hit.
Crowds at evening performances
which have been of the kind lhat are
hard to handle because of lack of
scats alone have kept tbe popular
Manager. Mr. James Pilling, guessing. It has been a week of old lime
Orpheum audiences, enthusiastic to a
degree, giving merited applause t"
clever performers and leaving with
them impressions to tuke away that
Vancouver today, as its reputation of
[yesterday bears, is ptill "the best
show town on the coast."
i)f the lill now appearing at the
Orpheum,  public opinion,  the    final
arbiter, leaves no guesswork as to its
appreciation, There have not been
many acts presented in this city
which will compare with Fred Bowers' scenic song review and few 1110-
nologuists have entertained as has
Walter Brower who is termed a jolly
jester, lie is more than that. He
is a rapid fire orator. The Lunette
Sisters, the Morin Sisters, Helcne
Davis, Allan and Howard and the
sketch. "Honor Thy Children," have
all gone towards filling the house.
But whatever may be said of this
week's bill it is known that the performances of next week will be far
above the average Orpheum bill and
that is saying quite a good deal. The
feature act next week of course is all
wrapped around Sam Chip and Mary
Marble in something new- when they
present the Clock Shop for the approval of Vancouver. In this act there
are several people to entertain, and all
taking part of some clock. The two
little Dutch clocks, of course, arc in
love with each other and Father Time
straightens out much trouble despite
the interference of the False Alarm
clock. There are in this play also
the Cuckoo Clock and some other
characters made up as clocks. It is
a realm of fairyland. The balance of
the bill includes Claire Vincent, in an
act. Alexander MacFayden, musical
composer, is great. "Helping Hubby" might mean anything, but it takes
two clever performers to show what
it is. It is described as a laugh-getter
all the way. Mabelle Sherman and
Arthur Uttry have what is termed
"Dampy Bits of Musical Comedy."
Orth and Donelly have a skit called
the "Fool Detective." Neverveld's
baboons do some great stunts and thc
new pictures arc of the kind thai
make a hit.
* * *
PANTAGES THEATRE
I tenriette  De Serris has the a  I
especial   note   of   the   Pantages   pro
gramme this week. Of especial ���. ti
because it is the besi posing act evei
seen by anyone in ibis city, or in fact
in any other city. Posing acts arc
idd. and people are a little sk,
of them as a rule, as there is usually
no desire iu anyone's mind t" sec
something thej luue seen time and
time again, but tbis act is different
There is something about this act
which is almost indescribable. It is
not any one thing which produces tbis
result in the offering presented by
this act, it is just the welding of the
whole into such a state of perfection
as to make each pose so realistic and
true to subject as to leave no method
of comparison between the original
painting, etching, or bas-relief, in anyone's mind. The novel method of
lighting effects helps out wonderfully and adds a beauty and tone which
is indescribable.
Tom Kelly, bis baritone voice, his
brand new jokes, his new songs, and
his new- method of presenting the
varied attributes of his act, is a big
factor iu the all-applauded bill this
week. To say Mr. Kelly is popular
would be to make a very mild statement regarding a very positive fact
and to not give the man his just due.
"Thc Midnight Rollickers" please
and entertain everyone to a high
pitch. This is a sure enough wild
and wooly offering, one which makes
everyone hold their seats and shout.
Some real (live instrumental select
tions and some mighty clever dancing
are the two main factors in thc success of these eight young persons.
Phil La Toska is so far in advance
oi many jugglers as to leave no comparison between he and the others,
lhs act is one complete thrill with
never a miss of any of his tricks to
inarr his performance. A rapid-fire
line ��� f talk helps. The Two Manns,
Beni and Hazel, know what is jj id
for tlic public and are consequently
very amusing and very popular.
Miss Randall sings a song and is
popular Her song is "Molly Dear,
It's Vou l'tr. Aitcr." She accompanies a moving picture and everything
proves very phasing to everyone,
judging by  thi   applausi   tend, red.
The picture taken by Mr. Fielding
of Vancouver'! Mary Pickfords has
won a place in the popularity of this
bill, t <r it :- a i cal good film taken
��� il pretty girls d ling some real
cute stunts. .\ one-reel news pic-
torial, by the Pathe studios, and a
one reel comedy by Goldberg completes an inordinately pleasing and
popular lull.
* * *
"SHOOTING OF DAN McGREW"
Robert Wj Service, whose great
poem classic. "The Shooting of Dan
McGrew," has just been completed by
the Metro Pictures Corporation, with
Edmund Breesc in the leading role, is
known as the American Kipling. A
few of the poems, and a few scratch
verses therefrom, show the virility
and strength of his pen.
In "The Shooting of Dan McGrew"
by far the most gripping traces from
this great writer's pen. Mr. Service
tells a story, weaves a romance,
pleads a cause, and lastly, as a denouement, constructs the most powerful dramatic document of his career.
Thc screen version of "The Shooting of Dan McGrew" will be seen
here at the Dominion Theatre on
Sept. 28. 29 and 30.
She���"People say that you only
married  me because  I  had money."
He���"Nonsense! My principal reason for marrying you was because I
had none." TOU%a*
BUILBWW A   RAILWAY ��� OP
TO OWEN SOUND
Wm. Hyde, of Toronto, tells us
working on a track-laying gang on
the olp" T. G. & B. Railway, running
up from Toronto through Orangeville
to Owen Sound, years ago, around
3869 to 71.
They were wild, rough days when
the new country was being opened up,
and in the construction gangs were
many "odd sons," misfits from the
Old Land, sent out to escape the consequences of folly, or to reform themselves in the colony. Misfits at
home, they were often little better
here, and became as hard as nails cvery way you took them���quite unlike
the sons of Dukes or Lords that they
often were.
Whisky flowed freely then, and Mr.
Hyde, in the comfort of his home
over a meditative pipe, recalls with
a meditative smile that in those days
he was known from Cornabus to
Orangeville as "Champagne Charlie,"
and was popular for his rendering of
the then popular and timely song,
"'The Slave Holder."
The questioner remarks, "Vou
weren't married in those days?" To
which his good wife, with a merry.
twinkle in her eyes, vigorously declares, "You bet he wasn't married!
He wouldn't have got so many horns
if he was!"   It's quite true, too!
While the gang was at Shelbumc
they had a "Yellow Jack." What is
it? Well, we have different terms for
it today. For instance, we may call
it a blind pig. Some of the "boys"
broke in to Jelly's hotel cellar and
extracted painlessly and effectually a
keg of good whiskey, which was
cached in the woods near by. Needless to say there was a sudden revival of interest in the beauties of
evening, and in the dusk many woodland strolls were taken. Devious, also, were the paths followed in returning home, and whether it was the
fresh air, or what not, headaches frequently resulted!
The railway, little, narrow gauge
thing that it was, was a powerful affair, and even went so far as to move
a village. Another refused to move
and has paid the price.
For various reasons railway routes
are arbitrarily laid down, and in this
case it located Dundalk Station about
a mile from the village, which was
;g?^KDARR
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1916
f-
PHONE: a>Y. 000
MacDONALD & HAY
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.
Phone Highland 137
Grandview Hospital
1090 VICTORIA DRIVE
VANCOUVER     .     B.C.
Medical : Surgical : Maternity
Rate* from $15.00 t��r week
CANADIAN
PACIFIC
BACK EAST
SUMMER
EXCURSION
FARES
Tickets on sale daily,
June 1 to September
30, 1916.
Return limit three
months, not to exceed
October 31.
For full
particulars apply
any
P. R.
'--.gent
on tbe gravti rotfi. ������All Dundalk
heard was the whistle of the old
wood-burning locomotive, and being
a chummy sort of a place it picked
up and came over to see the trains
come.
Several hotels and a few other
buildings made up the entire village,
and a Mrs. Pate was the first to move
her hotel in to the station. Others
followed, a cooper's shop was built,
a sawmill came, an enterprising grocer followed, and soon an important
village had come into being.
The grocer, a good Scotch Presbyterian, was instrumental in bringing
in a young man as "inccnister." Service was held in the baggage room of
the hotel, and rough as they were,
the railwayinen turned out in full
force���and religion was safely launched in the now staid and self-respecting Dundalk.
But the village that refused to
move: Klesherton, was then, along
with Shelbumc, one of the most important villages between Orangeville
and Owen Sound. When the line ran
a mile and a half from the village
the latter sat tight���and is still sitting. A bus still runs out and meets
all trains, as it has for the last forty
years.
Markdale, or Cornabus, as it was
called then, was only half a mile or
so from the railway, and so it merely
chose to grow down, and today straggles along, having effected a compromise.
Cornabus got its name through the
excessive drinking done there. In
the country thereabouts were many
hotels of bad reputation. Mr. Hyde
recalls that work on the tracklaying
was stopped by the snow, and he had
to walk several miles north of the
village to get some of the gang and
take them back south. The hotel
where they were staying was on the
top of a hill, and a few years ago
there were traces of it left in shrubs
and a part of a cellar remaining.
The snow was so bad that no team
could get through, and so the gang
had to walk to Flesherton. Champagne Charlie set out ahead, carrying
the jug (of whiskey), and the others
straggled along, their eye on the jug.
When they would rest he would measure out a little of the "red eye" to
them, and so they followed to Flesherton, where they got a sleigh and
driver to take them to Orangeville
for $12 for the trip.
Frank Shanly, Mr. Hyde recalls,
had the contract for grading and
tracklaying from Owen Sound to 60
sideroad in Holland, while Sir William Mackenzie's father had the track
laying contract from Orangeville to
that point.
This is a summary of Mr. Hyde's
recollection of the historical days
when Grey and Dufferin counties
were being linked up with the outside
world. Through the mists of forty
years the perspective may have become distorted. The forty years have
seen him marry, build up a successful 'city grocery business, then retire
in a comfortable evening of life, and
finally discover that he could not remain idle���and so he still works by
day and rests by night, at peace with
the world.
m J-Jr'
Sandy Says Bowser '11 Remember the
Dominyin Trust
Distribution of Seed Grain and Potatoes from the Dominion Experimental Farms, 1916-17.
By instructions of the Hon. Minister of Agriculture, a distribution of
superior sorts of grain and potatoes
will be made during the coming winter and spring to Canadian farmers.
The samples for general distribution
will consist of spring wheat (about 5
lbs.), white oats (about 4 lbs.), barley (about 5 lbs.), and field peas
(about 5 lbs.). These will he sent out
from Ottawa. A distribution of potatoes in samples of about 3 lbs. will
bc carried on from several of the experimental farms, thc Central Farm
at Ottawa supplying only the provinces of Ontario and Quebec. All
samples will be sent free by mail.
Only one sample of grain and one
of potatoes can be sent to each farm.
As the supply of seed is limited, farmers are advised to apply early. Requests received after the end of December will probably be too late.
Anyone desiring a sample should
write (post free) to the Dominion
Cerealist, Experimental Farm, Ottawa, for an application blank.
The many fiends of Mr. G. S. Forsyth will regret to learn that he received a wire from Toronto announcing the death of his father, Mr. Geo.
Forsyth, who has been a resident of
that city for over sixty years. He
leaves to mourn his loss a wife, two
sons, Mr. G. S. Forsyth and Mr. J. A.
Forsyth of Vancouver, also four,
daughters, Miss Annie Forsyth, Mrs.
George Murray, Mrs. Edmund Howard, and Mrs. Bruce Pickering, all residents of Toronto. -Mr. Forsyth, before his retirement from business over twenty years ago. was well-known
among the Fire Insurance companies
throughout Ontario as an expert fire
adjuster and contractor.
Weel freens, there's an auld sayin',
"It's a long lane that has nac turn-
in'," and additional proof o' the truth
o' thc auld saw wis furnished on the
14th when the electors o' British Columby gien Wullie an' his "Business
Government" (loud lauchter) sic a
severe jolt that it forced the so-called
government intae liquidation (marc
weys than yin).
I dinnie ken hoo you received the
result, freens, but I micht as weel be
candid an' tell yae that optimistic as
I was, I wis hardly prepared for the
avalanche that almost swept the
country clean o' Bowser's Business
Government an' his office stamps.
Particularly pleased wis I wi' the
Victoria an' Vancouver results, no'
forgettin' guid auld Parker Williams,
an' noo Wullie has got his answer in
nae unmistakable faushon frae his
"dearly beloved" Vancouver constituents. Wha wud hae thocht the
Wee Fellie wudnie get among the
first six on the ballot. Aye, Wullie,
an' had the sodgers been here yae
wud hae been faurther doon the pole.
Quite a wheen o' the sodgers were
in the Dominyin Trust.
I dinnie fa' in wi' a lot o' the
sentimental bosh written in some o'
the papers deplorin' Wullie's personal defeat on' the ground that they'll
lack his "wisdom" in the legislative
chamber.
Did the electors no' speak plain
enough in tellin' him by their votes
that they wanted nae mare o' him an'
his rotten works? They hae gien the
name "Soapy Welsh" tae that fellie
Bowser sent ower tae England in
connection wi' the takin' o' the sod-
ger's vote. A fittin' name for Bowser wud be "D. T. Wullie."
The dirty, mean robbery practised
on the depositors o' that defunct institution wi' thc late attorney-general's full cognizance, should be sufficient tae keep him oot o' public office for ever an' aye.
* * *
Noo that the. Liberals are in power,
it's tae be hoped that the depositors
'11 get efter Premier Brewster an' his
new cabinet in order tae get them
tae appint a commission tae thoroughly probe this rotten bizness an'
apportion the blame an' punish the
wrong-doers accordin' tae their desserts.
There's lots mare besides the Dominyin Trust wants investigation, as
yae ken, freens, an' noo's thc time
tae dae it. Until we get some semblance o' morality intae oor public
life wc micht as weel quit braggin'
an' blawin' aboot what we're gaun tae
be in the sweet by-an'-bye.
Hooever, it'll bc anither month or
twa -yet afore onything can be done
that wcy���an' in the meantime I hope
the new government arc lookin' efter
the sodger vote an' scein' tae it that
nae monkey work is done wi' thc ballot papers.
* * ��
I done my ain wee "hit" on election day in hclpin' tae smash the son-
of-a-gun by actin' as a scrutineer at
yin o' the polls, an' I micht as weel
tell yae that never in a' my experience did I sec worse arrangements
for takin' thc electors' vote. It wud
hae seemed as if it wis the intention
o' the "Machine" tae try an' pit ev-
erythin possible in the wey o' the
people recordin' their vote on that
day.
In the booth whaur I wis there wis
only wan box, wan lead pencil an' a
tallie caunnle for the convenience o'
the "saut o' the earth" who desired
tae exercise their franchise.
There wis naethin' on the ootside
o' the booth tae denote what wis go-
in' on inside���but next door wis a
big flamin' red sign wi' "Conservative Committee Rooms" painted on it
in massive letters. If that wisnie a
breach o' the election act, then it
maun be a gey queer act. Ony kin'
o' stuff they seem tae be able tae
get awa wi' under the Bowser machine.
* * *
There wis a letter appeared in the
"Province" the ither nicht written by
a man who professed tae be a Liberal. In a fit o' "magnificent chivalry tae a beaten foe" he advocated Mr.
Brewster gien up his saicond seat in
Alberni in order tae provide Bowser
wi' a scat in thc hoose "tae lead the
oppisition."
I hae my doobts aboot that fellie
bein' a Liberal.
B. C. disnie want ony mare Bowser.
A man that could use his public office in the wey that bounder used it
for purposes o' personal gain is better relegated tae the backwoods. Besides Bowser's no' a business man
he's no' even a clever man���but he's
got mare gall an' impidence than ony
man I ever kent, an' as the song says:
"I hae kent a wheen in my time."
This has been a glorious week,
freens, mare weys than yin.
The smashin' o' Bowserdom on the
I4th an' the breakin' o' the Hun line
on the 15th are twa events which every man in British Columby '11 remember for mony a long day.
* * *
Afore I feenish I want tae congratulate Mr, J. S. Cowper, wan o' the
successful candidates in Vancoover.
I tak a wee bit personal pride in his
election, for I think it wis mysel,
aboot eichteen month ago, that suggested tae him the idea. He is the
hard-workin' secretary o' the Dominyin Trust depositors, an' has been a
tower o' strength tae them in their
righteous fecht. A journalist by profession, an able orator, an', aboon a',
an honest man frae the croon o' his
heid tae the nebs o' his taes���I'm
share that in J. S. Cowper Vancoover
has elected a man that'll mak her
prood in the days tae come.
The Dominyin Trust depositors
played a noble pairt in the fecht tne
rid British Columby o' Bowserdom
an' it's tae be hoped that tlieir ef
forts '11 be rewarded hy the government conductin' a searchin' investigation intae the means whereby these
unfortunate people were robbed.
Three cheers for Bowser���an' I
don't think.
\ Yours through the 'heather,
SANDY  MACPHERSON.
 ��-�����-. ��� |
ONE ARM AND ONE LEG
"The man with one arm and the
man with one leg have entered into
partnership as ice-cream vendors, but
hope to be back later to learn more
English and arithmetic, so as to be
able to start a small store."
That is a casual extract from a
private report of a convalescent hospital, one of the many where the
Military Hospitals Commission is
both healing and educating our returned soldiers.
It may be said there are stores
enough already. Certainly, what Canada needs most is not an increase of
store-keeping, but an increase of agriculture and other productive industries. And many of our disabled soldiers, fortunately for themselves and
thc community, can acquire high skill
for all sorts of manufacturing trades,
while others can develop both
strength and skill for farming or gardening, poultry raising, and other
fresh-air occupations. The choice,
however, must bc carefully made, under medical advice; and valuable advice of that sort is given to the men
in all our convalescent hospitals, both
in England and in Canada.
The one-armed man and the one-
legged man, by the way, are of foreign birth. They have proved themselves true Canadians by risking their
lives and sacrificing their limbs for
their adopted country. They deserve
even more credit than we who were
born under the flag we love and serve.
The fact that having tasted the educational advantages offered them,
they want to come back for more,
speaks highly both for the instruction given in the convalescent hospital and the spirit of self-help and
self-improvement in the men themselves.
Mrs. G. Sutherland Forsyth and family have returned to their home, 1338
Balfour Ave., Shaughnessy Heights,
after spending the summer at Woodlands,
As the war drags on, with.its ever-
increasing wake of ruin and irreparable loss, Germany is fast losing her
"place in the sun," and stands as the
example of utter failure along the
avenues of real world service; no nation can long be called efficient which
fails to advance the general life of
humanity. A clever sketch in the
"Outlook" uncovers some points of
German short-sightedness with the inevitable failures following in their
wake. It is well forth quoting in
full:���
The war has progressed sufficiently
far for one to turn the light of truth
on German efficiency in the actual
field of battle. Where is her boasted
efficiency? Most people think she
has done surprisingly well as a fighting unit. Thc facts warrant an entirely different conclusion. Boasting
of a marvellous secret service, and
apparently prepared for a world war,
she can never again be called efficient
in the face of her gross underestimation of brave little Belgium. Apparently expecting a triumphal march
through Belgium and a speedy attack
in force at the most vulnerable spot
in France, this great "machine" was
held up a fortnight by the despised
Belgians, giving France and her allies an opportunity to marshal their
strength and prepare for the conflict.
Had Germany forseen the immense
strength of the Belgian national spirit.
it is almost certain that she would not
have struck when she did. Surely such
short-sightedness can never be called
"efficiency!"
What was Germany doing when she
failed to understand the tremendous
moral and physical resources of the
French nation? Living near neighbor
to France for centuries, besides having innumerable spies throughout her
enemy's territory, Germany apparently only counted fortifications and noses. Her philosophy was a wild confidence in steel and liquid fire, and
she clearly disparaged thc greatest
military asset of the world���the morale of any people. No dubt German
military lead/ers expected a short,
sharp conflict, and then a victorious
peace. Behind her siege guns she
fired shot and shell into the invisible,
indefinable, and not indestructible
soul of France, and wondered that
the war lasted so long! She had left
this major war fact out of her calculations, and then attempted the conquest of soul with Krupp guns and
poisonous gas!
Think of -Germany's blindness with
regard to England. Great Britain had
been the butt of German jokes for
forty years. According to Prussia,
she was slow and notoriously lacking
in dash and enterprise. But, slowly
awaking out of her lethargy, she now
holds with bulldog tenacity one hundred and fifty miles of French trenches, and is growing stronger every
day. Her colonies, contrary to the
German calculation, are absolutely
loyal to her, and though revolt was actually allowed to break out in Ireland, the Nationalists, to the chagrin
of Germany, with no uncertain sound,
have stood firmly and fought bravely against Britain's foes. Germany
failed to understand thc temper of
England. The two countres arc entirely different in spirit, and Prussia
apparently looked only on the materialistic side of Britain's defences, and
failed to estimate thc wonderful loyalty which prevailed throughout the
British Empire. Unaccusutomed to
free speech at home, Germany could
not comprehend how a liberty-loving
people could freely criticise their
Government and by strikes and labor
disputes jeopardise thc national life,
and yet remain perfectly loyal and enthusiastically British. What can be
said of the diplomacy which at thc
beginning of the war could suggest
that England might easily stand a-
side while Germany settled her account with France and Russia? There
are few blunders the world over so
colossal as the failure of the Teutonic
Powers to estimate the sertngth of
English patriotism and love of fair
play which lay ready to be called to
arms as soon as any foes would seek
to strike a blow against democracy
or the right of a people, though
small, to govern themselves.
Germany thought she understood
India. She found that country seething with revolt. All the world had
been made to believe that there was
unrest there. Britain has never been
able or anxious to curb criticism, and
in Hyde Park, near to the doors of
Buckingham Palace, every kind of religious and political heresy is permitted freely to open its mouth. The
unrest in India had in like manner
been allowed to find voice, and Germany undoubtedly thought that
through her secret agencies she could
ferment enough trouble in India to
keep England busy should war be declared. Here again her viewpoint was
fauty���she saw the facts in wrong
juxtaposition. Unrest and criticism
did not mean all that Germany thought
they meant. She noted the foam
caused by the breakers of free speech
and failed absolutely to understand-
the strong foundations upon which
British institutions and Indian loyalty
rest. A state of mind incapable of
comprehending the spirit of the British colonies ought not to be called
efficient. A philosophy which undervalues the war strength stored up in
loyalty and which acts as though sentiment and honor have no military
value is proved false by the test of
facts, and forever discredits the German point of view.
Possibly the greatest blunder Germany has made in the actual conduct
of the war has been the alliance with
Turkey. She gained strength in numbers when she admitted the Turkish
Empire into partnership. Such an
alliance strengthened the German war
plan, brought much needed food into
Germany, and prolonged the war indefinitely. But can Germany ever recover from the stain of the Armenian
atrocities? The good will of the
world was of more value than a dozen
Turkish Empires. If Germany expected the call to the Holy War was
to succeed, what a terrible apostasy
for a Christian nation! and what a
delusion! If, on the other hand, she
thought the call to the Holy War
would fail, then she deliberately played with thc most dangerous fire the
world has ever known. No one knew
what might have been the result, and
for the sake, of victory Germany was
willing to take the risk of touching
thc Mohammedan barrel of gunpowder with the fuse of a Holy War.
Whatever was expected to happen,
the fact remains that Mohammedan
is fighting Mohammedan, a thing not
thought possible in thc scheme of
German efficiency.
As a fighting machine the German
army has not lived up to its reputation. What would have happened if
the Allies had been prepared for war?
Outnumbered as they were, lacking
ammunition, short of big guns, and
with only green reserves to take the
field, what a wonderful showing they
made and are still making! The men
of fifty years ago in this nation remember how long it took the North
to raise a fighting army and discover winning generals. Think, then,
of the superb showing of the Allies
in defending themselves from an enemy that was armed to the teeth! Germany expected to win the war a year
ago. The idea was magnificent, but
it failed. In spite of its preparedness,
the much-boasted German army is
really being held at bay by nations
who at the beginning of the conflict
were not prepared for war. If an amateur boxer can obtain an even draw
against a much-heralied champion,
who at the ringside would call the
encounter a victory for efficiency?
What has Germany accomplished
by her policy of "frightfulness?" Undoubtedly she has gained many miles
of trenches by the use of poisonous
gas. Without question liquid fire
has accomplished like results. Perhaps the burning of Louvain was a
lesson the world will never forget.
Much destruction has resulted from
the use of Zeppelins, an occasional
chance shot having destroyed a soldier's life, wrecked a railway, or hit
a munition factory. But from a military point of view, the results cannot be said to justify the means. The
Lusitania was a splendid prize, and
the destruction of much ammunition
had a value. But will the cry of horror which escaped the lips of the civilized world forever offset every advantage gained by such a frightful
policy? Of course, if might is right,
then the more terrible the might, the
more glorious the right. But on the
ground of Efficiency alone such a
policy is calculated to kill the goose
that lays the golden egg. The world
has progressed too far for such a
policy to succeed.
Germany has sought for World leadership and has sadly failed at the very
door of success. Had her leadership
been for good will and international
co-operation, she could have played
her part, and played it well. But she
asked for the throne of Hannibal and
Caesar; and in her blundering inef-
fiency she did not realize that those
thrones are reserved for the dead.
She has borne and trained her children, not for life, but for death on the
fields of battle. For generations her
people will bc loaded with huge war
debts, and because of her militarism
all the world will have to carry a
share of the staggering load.
it;
1 THE STANDARD
FIVE
Even in thc light of thc turn affairs have taken, the whole catas
tn phe of the war is so immense and
bewildering that to speak about it at
II in definite terms seems almost ab
urd. Everyone feels, however, that
ii is not far enough to emerge from
tbe experience hoping only that time
vill enable us to forget. The general attitude is marked by a resolution to see where the old conceptions
di peace were wrong, and how it may
be possible to reconstruct a new fabric of life with fewer opportunities
for a future outbreak. The following sketches from an article by A.
C. Benson, in the "Atlantic Monthly," give us some new phases of the
situation as it appears to a man working at the heart of things.
I suppose that before thc war began 1 was in the frame of mind of
many peaceful and busy people, believing that an European crisis would
somehow be avoided; that if Germany
had a taste for shaking a mailed fist
and talking about shining armor, and
indulging in a romantic sort of self-
glorification, she would in thc last
resort turn out to be civilized and
reasonable and even sensible. There
were many people, no doubt, who
knew better, and saw how deep the
poison lay. I do not doubt that now;
but it was difficult for any one who
knew to express all this without appearing provocative and suspicious;
and then, too, came in that extraordinary British power of minding their j
own business, and of viewing other
nations with a good-humored tolerance-. Certainly, in the circles in
which 1 lived there was very little
suspicion expressed of the designs of
Germany, and no desire to interfere
with them except by steady commercial competition, The idea seems so
deeply rooted in the German mind
that all England was perfidiously absorbed in the aim of stepping in to
crush Germany if an opportunity offered, that 1 suppose it is impossible
to convince the German people of
tlie real guilelessness of the English
public, and indeed of the' most total
lack of interest in what Germany
was doing or thinking. Strange as
it may seem, I believe that the knowledge of Germany and her aims had
steadidly declined in the last thirty-
years in England. When I became a
schoolmaster in 1885, there was a
strong movement to make German
a serious subject of study, and 1 spent
a summer holiday in that year in
Germany to pick up an acquaintance
with the language. But the subject
was slowly shouldered out of the curriculum, and I think it is true to say
that educationally the study of German in England had been declining
for some  years,  while  among  intel
lectual minds, the German influence
had lost force and respect; the reason, I honestly believe, being that the
Germans had been sacrificing intellect to what they call patriotism, and
tinging all their studies with an emotional self-worship.
Then with an awful suddenness the
deluge burst upon us. And speaking
quite honestly, the first months of
the war were a nightmare which I
do not willingly recall. The devastation of Belgium was an accomplished
fact, the fortresses meant to stem the
tide for months fell in a few days,
the onrush into France followed, and
then as unaccountably was checked
and held. Very slowly thc affair resolved itself into an awful monotony
of sparse combat, with every tradition
and principle of warfare reversed,
while at the same time it became
clear how firm was Britain's grasp
upon the sea, after all. Tbe submarine menace lost its grip, the Zeppelin
scare revealed itself as a piece of
elaborate and futile brutality. The
whole rush and turmoil of war seemed
to curdle and settle down into a stern
and simple strain of endurance and
grim hopefulness.
Meanwhile the nation fell gradually into line; without wishing to impugn the motives of the critics who
made it their business to find fault,
acrimoniously and bitterly, with every department of state organization,
a looker-on may frankly say that it is
almost impossible to conceive how
entirely some of our leading news
papers have misrepresented the mood
of the nation. The nation has been
singularly placid, diligent, patient,
and public-spirited.' It has responded
cheerfully and as a matter of course
to every call for men, money and
work. Every honest claim bas been
liberally financed, workers have flock
ed into every enterprise; and it is
lawful to feel a deep pride in the fact
that a huge national army containing
all the best and freshest stock of the
nation has been raised, trained, and
equipped out of nothing but a vast
reserve of healthy and sensible energy. I do not believe that such an
army has ever been created in so
short a time in the history of the
world.
The papers have contrived to give
an impression of fuss, selfish inactivity, and fear���the three elements
which have been simply conspicuous
by their absence throughout. My associates through the war have been
mainly dons and soldiers, but I have
not come across a trace of either
pacifism or militarism. One would
suppose that there was a large and
influential group of men so besotted
by the idea of peace that they wished
to bring the war to an  end at any
cost There is no such thing. There1 wnce, cheerfirlnJss^ The young men
a1"e~r^?HaWa*rsts WhrnaVi HtVif\vhlW I-have m^rifVWfHiaveiiac^
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haTp'-Jhearingrwhile as to militarism, |
I halve lived'in a town crammed with
billefid' troojis, whose one desire
seenied to be as little in evidence as
possible;* and to prove themselves the
kindliest and the most easily pleased
of visitors; while in travelling about
the country as I have had to do, Unpopularity of the soldiers whom one
sees everywhere arises from the fact
that they have claimed no privilege-,
which arc not shared by the humblest
traveler. Only one who has lived
and moved about in England during
the war can realize how little the militarism of the country bas interfered
with tbe civic life and organization.
Again, some of onr papers have
seemed to consider that panic is the
only proof of seriousness. As a matter of fact, the absence of broodin
and despondent anxiety has been a
very remarkable thing. Men and women have proved their seriousness
best by treating their own private
fears and anxieties as part of the normal price they were prepared to pay
for the task in which they were engaged. In Germany the loud proclamation of an ideal seems to be accepted as the only proof of deep convictions. I do not think that in England the national seriousness bas taken thc shape of defining a positive
ideal. Great Britain has no more conscious desire to make herself felt, or
to stamp a type of honor and duty on
the world, than before. What she
desires is a sort of independence, the
power to live a tolerant and reasonable life without subscribing too definitely to an ethical theory. The desire to conquer Germany is not accompanied by any missionary wish to
improve Germany; it is rather the intense longing to be rid of a bullying
and tyrannical neighbor, whose aggressive theories imperil the British
conception of liberty���liberty of action, opinion, and conduct.
I do not think that Englishmen
mind honest competitors or even a-
vowed rivals. What really revolts
them is the idea that another nation's
self-satisfaction should take the form
of imposing an ideal on the world.
The Englishman does not believe in
shaping or moulding an ideal. He is
inclined, to trust his iristincts; be
loves order, and he accepts the duty
of work. But he does not like taking the Ark into battle; he does not
believe in trying to invest with sacred
associations what seem to him matters of common sense. I do not feel
that the attempts to call the war a
sacred war have really met with much
favor in England. That savors of unreality. It seems to us merely disgusting and hateful that another nation should believe in aggression; and
the sooner such nonsense is put an
end to, the better. In this tbe Englishman is a realist and not a romanticist. 'Many a young officer who has
gone cheerfully and good-humoredly
into training and to the front, as a
matter of course, and never dreamed
of doing otherwise, has said to me,
"I want to see this through, and it
isn't bad fun; but, of course, I shall
be glad to get back to my work."
There is no touch of either cynicism
or indifference in this; it means simply that a young Englishman trusts
his instinct, and dislikes making out
an emotional case for himself.
I have seen something, at close
quarters, of the sorrow of the war;
and here too I have admired to the
very bottom of my heart the simplicity of it. It has never taken the
form of self-pity, of pathos, or of repining. There .has been no glorification of self-sacrifice. It has simply
appeared in the light of a heavy stroke
to he endured. I bear critics say that
we lack discipline, that we are individualists, that we have no national
solidarity. Here again I believe that
our solidarity is instinctive rather
than rhetorical. But I do not know
what the word discipline means, if
it docs not mean the spontaneous and
immediate sinking of the sense of personal loss in tbe larger sense of national concern. If people do not indulge their grief, it is because a perfectly natural kind of temperatcness
steps in, which says that, whatever
happens, this is a thing to be felt and
not paraded. The intense mistrust of
anything theatrical or even dimly
dramatic intervenes. The Englishman
with a loss to bear is simply grateful
to anyone who will not remind him
of it. He wants to resume his place
in the ranks as though all were well
with him. It is not stolidity, as I can
abundantly testify. It may be called
a convention, but it is a convention
based upon a wholespme vitality and
a belief in life as a process rather than
in life as a show.
I do not think that the war has had
a depressing or dreary effect at all.
apart from personal anxieties for the
safety of individuals. Heavy and grievous as the casualties have been, the
percentage as compared to the population is small. Indeed, the war has
not developed new qualities so much
as afforded an outlet for qualities
which are characteristic of the nation
turdiness,   hopefulness,   self-confi-'
"ed to the colors, have done so primarily out of adventtirou's'riess and then
Mn* of camaraderie. There has been
little solemnity about it; they have
not seemed to me'to follow the call
out of a reasoned self-sacrifice, but
out of a spontaneous impulse to bear
a hand in an obvious need. I have
not come across much weighing of
motives. It has been rather the wish
to have a part in a big affair; and the
cases which I have come across of a
man being rejected on medical
grounds have been of the nature of
a frank personal disappointment
I am inclined to believe, too, that
the organizing of athletics which has
been going on for the last thirty or
forty years in the public schools bas
had something to do with tbe matter.
I confess that I was inclined to believe that athletic organization had
gone too far, and had produced a conventional belief iii the importance of
games; but I now see that it has had
a much deeper and more instinctive
effect in producing a feeling of cooperation, and a tradition of united effort which has gone much deeper than
one had imagined. The unanimous
response of the public-school elements in England has proved that a
force has been somehow generated
of which we hardly guessed the
strength. It has not presented itself
in the light of a duty so much as in
the light of an irrestible prepossession. The instinct to fight was so
natural and spontaneous that those
obeying it had no scruples to overcome nor any doubt of the righteousness of the adventure.
1 "do not doubt that one aim of
Christianity was to substitute a conception of human brotherhood which
was intended to supersede national
brotherhood. I do not think that the
attempt to consecrate and Christianize the employment of force is likely
to be fruitful, and I cannot help feeling that the outbreak of war has proved that Europe is still living more on
chivalrous and knightly ideals of virtue than on Christian ideals. I dr,
not mean that Christian ideals may
not ultimately prevail, but it is idle-
not to recognise the fact that they
have not so far prevailed. Religious
teachers have certainly thrown their
weight into the chivalrous scale and
frankly accepted it. Bishops have
gone so far that they will not ordain
andidates to the ministry unless they
have offered themselves for war service and been definitely rejected; and
I have not come across a single case
f a man who has been deterred by
religious scru'iles from serving in
some capacity.
Deeper even than this is the possible effect of the war upon the whole
Theistic theory. The belief in the
fatherly guidance and providence of
God and in his education of the moral
sense of humanity must be deeply
shaken by a catastrophe which has
set the most intelligent and civilized
nations to kill off their best stock, to
waste their accumulated wealth to devastate each other's territory, to
wreck each other's shrines, and to do
all this with an intense conviction
of its Tightness and its nobility, instead of attempting to fight the common human foes of disease, of tainted
heredity, of poverty, of brutality. It
s impossible for thc sane and candid
man to look upon the war as a divinely appointed educative experiment. The only possible interpretation of it is that it is a vast outbreak
of evil forces, which have nothing in
comomn with the forces of light, and
are, indeed, in deadly opposition to
all that makes for the happiness of
mankind. The possibility of considering such a deluge of evil as the outcome of the power of humanity to
choose what is destestable inside the
Divine purposes of order, welfare,
peace, is frankly inconceivable. The
war must be evidence to all thoughtful men of the hideous actuality of
evil, though it may end by showing
the force and vitality of good. If it
is a shadow cast by the light, it must
bc the shadow of powers which are
incontcstably and dreadfully there. It
cannot be a mere perversion of good,
when the right to aggression is romantically, emotionally, and passionately claimed by the millions of a nation conspicuous for devotion and
laboriousness.
Is it possible sincerely to attribute,
as in the old Collect, the putting into
our minds of good desires to God,
and to beseech Him to bring them to
good effect. The simultaneous outbreak in the minds of millions of civilized .people of a desire to crush by
frank violence all ideals but their own
and to set their heel on a prostrate
continent���where does that originate?
If the Power that guides the destinies
of men does permit two such mutually destructive theories of morality to
arise on so gigantic a scale in the
minds of great nations, what becomes
of our religion? It would seem that
religion must bc prepared either to
take a wider sweep and admit a new
philosophy, or else retire into the
background as a self-created paradise
Ior idealist-, who can overlook ihe
fiia4-'eleinr*iw"s,,)f human nattSr-- * -''-
i.The-.quesliun before us is "whether
religion is to be a sentiment, or whether it will attempt an altogyJieV aider task, and face', instead of*1 rffkliftg.
the problem of moral evil. It may be.
1 think, that the war may evoke a
vast spiritual force, of a kind undreamed of hitherto. The highest
hope that I have for the outcome of
the war, is that it will immensely enlarge our spiritual horizon, and raise
it from the temperamental, almost
artistic, region in which it is apt to
linger, into its true place as a law of
life which is as stubbornly there for
the laws of intellect or health.
At present religion has codified preferences; what one desires is to see
it ascertain scientifically what the
laws of psychology really are: for
that they exist inflexibly I have no
manner  of doubt.
HARRIS���COUZENS
That ild saying, "Happy be the
bride that the sun shines on," was
undoubtedly true on Saturday last,
when Christ Church was the scene
of a very pretty and interesting wedding, in which Blanche, the youngest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. F. Cou-
zens. of 1294 Broadway West, and
formerly of Cardiff, South Wales,
was united by marriage to Sergt. Arthur E. Harris of the 143rd Battalion
tjed with pale blue ribbons, and wore
a" cameo ring. UoTIi gifts of the bridegroom. Mr. Thomas Hurley, formerly of Cardiff, acted as best man. Af-
fe^r the ceremony suijeeeptiyn was held
by the parents 'of the *lJrrde at their
home on Broadway, where about sixty guests assembled to offer their
congratulations to the young couple
and to view the presents, which were
numerous and costly. Mrs. F. Cou-
zens wore a gown of black peau de
soic. Willi old Spanish lace, a black
hat with white wings, and carried
mauve flowers with ribbons to match,
while Mrs. P. W. Green, sister of
the bride, looked well in rose crepe de
chine, and large grey picture hat, a
bouquet of pink peas tied with rose
ribbon completing the costume. Many charming toilettes were worn by
tbe guests, and showed to advantage
in the rooms, which were prettily decorated with a profusion of flowers
and palms. The newly wedded pair
left on the afternoon train for Seattle, where a short honeymoon will
be spent prior to Sergeant Harris
rejoining his regiment at Sydney.
Mrs. Harris travelled in a smart tailor-made suit of royal purple English
frieze, with a close fitting hat of
the same shade bound and trimmed
with  white kid.
'���'���*
Sergeant A. E. Harris
C. E. F��� youngest son of the late
Mr. William Harris and Mrs. Harris
of Merthyr Tydvil, South Wales.
The ceremony was witnessed by a
large number of guests, and interested spectators, and was performed by
the Rev. H. R. Trumpour, while Mr.
Chubb. F.R.C.O., presided at tlie organ. The bride who was given away
by her father, looked most charming
in a gown of ivory Liberty satin,
made in Victorian style, the train
which fell from the shoulders, was
lined with palest pink chiffon, and a
veil of old Limerick lace lent for the
occasion, was fastened beneath a
small jewelled cap. and wreath of orange blossoms. She carried a bouquet of white roses and sweet peas,
faintly tinted with pink, and tied with
ribbons to match, and wore a beautiful antique cameo brooch, both being
the gifts of the bridegroom. The
bridesmaid was Miss May Birkenhead, who was prettily gowned in old
rose oriental satin, veiled with floral
silk ninon, and a large black velvet
picture hat. She carried a bouquet
of   pink   sweet   peas   and   carnations.
Forjiale
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THEY WILL TAKE
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mm six
THE STANDARD
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1916
Superwoman and Her Work
What has woman been in the past
���what will her life be in the future?
A complete answer would fill a sheet
of paper big enough to cover the United States.
We have told you how, according
to Plato's legend, the human race
became divided into men and women.
Human beings, according to Plato's story, were originally created
with the man and woman combined
in one body. Each body had four
arms and four legs, the bodies were
round, and they rolled over and over,'
using the anus and legs to move them.
By and by they began to treat the
gods badly. They stopped their sacrifices and even threatened to roll up
Mount Olympus to at lack and overthrow the gods.
One god said, "Let us kill them all.
they are dangerous."
Another said, "No. I have a better
idea. We will cm them in half, Then
they will only have two arms and two
legs; they won't In- round; they won't
bc able to roll. Being multiplied by
two they will offer twice as many
sacrifices, and what is the most important, each half will be so busy
looking for the other half that they
will not have time to bother us,"
The second god was the wise one,
���ul
His theory turned
human half, male or femal
so busy looking for the
that it bas neglected other
-til;
lu the past woman has been the
worker, slave, thc creator of the race,
tide down by the duties of motherhood, one child following another and
every child depending for its life upon the protectidn of mother-love.
When the Black Death in Europe
killed half the population, Women had
to supply enough children to male up
for that, and such plagues were frequent.
Tribes and savage nations were
forever fighting and killing each other. For every man, woman or child
killed, the mothers .had to create another���and still others provide for
increasing population, Famine and
cold killed millions���the mothers had
to replace them.
This was the life of the primitive
mother. Her first child was born
when she was twelve, thirteen or
fourteen years old. Another child
was born every year. While she created and cared for these children she
did the hard work, carried the luggage and thc youngest child or two
children on her back in ,the long
marches, created twenty children on
the average, sometimes many more,
and then died, rarely older than forty.
Not very gay was the life of woman in those days.
The savage man recognized certain
woman's rights. The children were
hers. They were named for her. A
daughter was considered more im
portant than a son. Property came
through the mother. Then men began to own land, instead of travelling
around. When they owned land they
became conceited. He who had the
land had to fight to hold it. The men
were the fighters, not the women.
The land/ was left to the son who
could fight. The men transferred
their interest from the land that they
owned to the son that they owned
and that was the beginning of thc system which still exists today, men
wanting sons, disliking daughters, and
poor mothers following the had example.
There was one period of development in the human race when thc women wore tlieir hair short, the men
wore their hair long. Men wore the
fine ornaments, played thc part of
women, in those days of polyandry,
when each woman had several husbands���it must have been a nuisance.
If you have time to read three or four
thousand pages of the great writer
Rectus in his "L'Homme et la Terrc,"
pr "Geographic Universellc," yo'u
will see a panorama of primitive female life and suffering that will make
you wonder.
Dark and dreary was that first
chapter of woman's life on this planet. Her "husband" was a murderous
savage and cannibal���in the cold of
winter he ate his own children, if
he could not catch the children of
Others, and if the mother could not
escape with them.
* * *
Woman's life in tbe so-called days
of "civilization" has not been so very
much better.
��� The Turkish gentleman locks women up in harems, as a miser locks
up his money.
Ancient culture represented in Asia, and dealt out to foolish Americans by Asiatic swamis, married girls
under 10 years of age and burned the
widows and children with the bodies
of tlieir aged husbands. Our own
beautiful western "civilized life" is
far from perfect.
A very respectable gentleman^givcs
"everything that money can buy" to
one woman who is his wife, and to
others who happen to he his daughters. At his store, his office, or in
his kitchen, he gets all the work that
he possibly can out of other women.
If he happens to be in the child labor line of endeavor, he turns hundreds of thousands of other women's
children into cash, to bc spent on
himself.
However, women at last have begun to think and plan for themselves.'
They have decided that they do trot
want to be a pet. a plaything, a slave,
but as free as other human beings.
A better day is here already, and
a very much belter day is coming.
A great change has come in thc
United States in a remarkably short
time. Ten, fifteen or twenty years
ago, when the Hearst newspapers
were advocating woman suffrage, a
candidate for office would have been
afraid to mention the subject for fear
of making himself look ridiculous.
Today one president. Mr. Wilson, I
placates woman suffrage, although he
opposes it.
And the other candidate for president,  Mr.  Hughes,  strongly in  favor
of   woman   suffrage,   declares   for   a
national   law   giving   freedom   to   all
j women, just as another national law
gave  freedom  to all blacks���and  he
I does   this   in   spite   of  the   fact   that
I his  own  party in  ils  platform  limits
its   endorsement   of   woman   suffrage
to state action.
a mother to do very much after creating HALF A DOZEN."
There is truth in that.
In her poem on the Super-woman,
in the September number of "Cosmopolitan Magazine," Ella Wheeler
Wilcox recites various things that
she believes women will do. We wish
that we might reprint the poem for
you here, especially as you will find
it difficult to obtain a copy of the
"Cosmopolitan" this month.
Ella Wheeler Wilcox  says of woman:
She will bc formed lo guide but not
to lead���
Leaders  arc  ever  lonely���and  her
sphere
Will be that of the comrade and thc
mate,
Loved, loving, and with insight fine
and clear,
Which  casts  its  searchlight  on  the
course of fate,
And to the leaders says, "Proceed" or
"Wait."
With this idea we disagree. Woman WILL be a leader. She always
HAS been a leader, in spite of many
handicaps. Her inspiration, intuition, limitless ENTHUSIASM, have
led the race upward.
Women wil) lead, they will indicate
the road and men will follow. Re.ad
Ferrero's "History of Rome," and all
through you find splendid, unselfish
leadership by women, selfish leadership by men. 'The few women that
have had a chance in the world's history have been marvels of leadership
���Elizabeth of England, the two Catherines of Russia, Maria Theresa of
Austria, Mrs. Pankhurst of England,
marvellous in her courageous leadership; Mary Baker Eddy, the only re-
The possibilities that open before ligious leader with the ability to start
women in America now are as great, anything in this generation���Joan of
a- those lhat confronted the men oi Arc. who lived more pluckily and died
the. United States when they were more pluckily than the men of her
throwing off the control of England, j age, and a host of others.
England   taxed   the   United   Stales      ]f pa0r, unfortunate Cleopatra had
"without  representation."
Men   have   taxed    women,    'taxed
Ihem  in  thousands of ways and  always   without   representation.     That her fortunes with him instead of the
taxation  is nearly over.    Xow* comes j feeble*   Marc   Antony,   Caesar   would
pleased Caesar when she presented
herself before him in her girlhood
wrapped up in a rug, bad connected
the question:
WHAT WILL BE WOMAN'S
LIFE AND WORK IN THE FUTURE? .
In days to come, women will no
longer carry the heavy burden of big
families. Sooner or later, with the
end of plagues and of war, the earthlcarc for her,
will be fully populated. And a higher race will have fewer children.
The number of children in each family will be two.
One to replace the mother and one
to replace the father. Science will
conquer beyond question the agony
of childbirth. Women will be able to
devote life and energy to external
work, as men do.
One cynical mother, asked why the
works of women in science and art
did not equal those of men, replied:
The Creator rested for six thousand
years  after  making  ONE   man  and
have ruled creation: for a long time.
Cleopatra's intuition and wisdom
would have saved him from getting
himself murdered by his foolishness
'at the last moment. But Cleopatra
'was homely, notwithstanding the
false   tradition,   and   Caesar  did   not
. ONE woman.   You ought not to ask
As the sexes are divided, so proba
bly will their work be divided.   Somi
women will resent    this,    but    they
ought not to.
BeethoVen could write wonderful
music, but he would not PLAY it.
Wagner could write wonderful songs,
but he could not sing them. Other
men could write great plays and
poems, but could not interpret them.
Woman's work may be, for a time,
largely the work of interpretation.
With her, feeling and EMOTION
are strong. Some great woman will
be the other half of some great man's
intellect} Flor instance, withbut .a
Rachel, or Sarah Bernhardt, the work
of great playwrights could never have
been made real. Mrs. Siddons could
do for Shakespeare's genius almost as
much as he could do for her. ;,
��� It is well to remember, however,
that the world is not forever going
to talk about what is done, or WHO
does it. Some day the human race, as
a whole, will settle dowil to ENJOY
THAT WHICH IT POSSESSES.
This earth is not to be forever like
a half finished house, wilh the plumbing out of order and thc roof leaking. Some day the roof will be finished, the plumbing will be all in.
Civilization will be permanent, Irrigation will be universal where it is
needed, climates will be controlled,
thc hardest physical labor will consist
of pressing a button, wdicn the tides
and the sun are harnessed, and power
costs nothing.
Nitrogen from the air will be thc
great fertilizer. Not only education,
but the power to 1IIIXK will be universal. The power to think now- is
almost as scarce as radium.
More than two thousand years ago
the average of intelligence among the
citizens of Athens was greater than
tbe average in the British House of
Commons. Years from now tlic average of intelligence will be infinitely
above the greatest intelligence lhat
we can conceive. It will take a good
many years, however, to raise us all
above Newton, Archimedes and Aris
totie.
It is not easy for a conservative
mind to imagine or admit the possibility of a day in which disease, war, ignorance will have  disappeared.
It was not easy at one time lo imagine a day in which CANNIBALISM would end.
Eventually the human race will retire from murder, from suffering,
from superstition and from brutality,
as a man "retires from business."
Then thc human race will ENJOY
itself, interest itself in . the other
worlds and suns around it, giving up1
its provincial, local interest confined
to this little earth.
Out planet will be a citizen of the
universe.
The individual living oh this earth
will be a citizen of one nation, which
will include the entire earth. And do
not say THAT is impossible. For
when William the Conqueror went to
England there were at least twenty-
two separate kingdoms and governments on that little island, where now
there is only one. When our ancestors came to America there were hundreds of Indian tribes, fighting 'and
murdering each other, where there is
now one nation.
What could be done for the English
island or for this continent can be
done for this island earth, and will
be done.
When real civilization comes, women will come into her own.
She will be allowed to do whatever
she CAN do. Man will be allowed to
do what HE can do���and each vvill
(Continued on page 7)
No Wine, No Song���Just Women
By BONUS LAPIS
A TRAGI-HUMORESQUE IN ONE  PERPETRATION, WITH  DUE
' APOLOGIES TO EURIPIDES, TENNYSON, FELIX PENNE
AND MY BETTER SELF.
DEDICATED TO MR. JONATHAN ROGERS.
DRAMATIS PERSOfsTAE:
BILL-BOWS-EROS ..r Tyrant of the Satrapy of B.C.
BRITISH COLUMBINE   His Concubine
THE WINE-SPIRIT   A Foreigner
SPIRIT OF PERFECTION A Caledonian Imposter
SPIRIT OF RYE   A leading Canadian Spirit
And the little Sprites of Creme-de-minthe, Creme-de-Cocoa, Chartreuse,
Benedictine, Curacoa, Grand Manicr, Kummel, etc., adulterated foreigners, really Canadians.
SPEAKM INT-GUM  A Wrigly Sprite
TWO CHORUSES:  Chorus of Intcllegentsia.     The Women's Forum
Passers-by,  Policemen, etc.    Prohibition  Courtiers.
A SCENE caught in the first and last Act. Before the Strand Bar, many
Tassers-by, more Passers-in. In front a huge dais ami a throne; seated on it
Bows-Eros surrounded by Prohibition Courtiers. Enter British Columbine
in a Drysdale-Paris Gown, the simplicity of Chilliwack on her face. She
weeps; following her, a long procession of the Spirits. All dejected, travelling
grips in their hands. They all range themselves in front of thc Throne. In
prominence the Wine Spirit, the Spirit of Perfection in kilts. The chorus of
the Intcllegentsia in the hollow of a cigar store. The Women's Forum in
front of Spencer's store.
Thc Spirits All���
Ave. Bill Bows-Eros,
Spiritus Redituri te salUtantl
Wine Spirit (approaching Columbine)���'
Farewell my  British Columbine!
'      The Spirit of my ruby wine
No longer shall incarnadine
Thy crystal sup of thirst divine
Perhaps, once gone, my spirit wild
-Shall leave thee soft, and  meek anrl mild '
Belike a new-begotten child���
Ah, speak not thus*, for \ remain
As sad a? yonder drizzling rain
That Soon will soak me  through again.
If thou goest I must seek Cocaine
And 1 shall bid him love me numb
(Till from the front the boys have come
To cheer my sad, deserted  Home.
Brit. Col.-
Chorus of Int.-
Wine Spirit���
Ah, may there be no moaning of tbe Bar
When we get prohibition,
For Io, the Spirits flee not far
Beyond the reach of our ambition.
CITIZENS,  ATTENTION!
Know all ye by these presents:
That for Factums and Briefs, no printers give
you better satisfaction than ��fn* &tattflarii
That for Letterheads and Envelopes ��If?
#fatt&ari1 is the place to buy.
That for Book Binding, Engraving, Ruling,
sooner or later you will come to
Wt
(Exit).
PRINTING DEPARTMENT
PHONE SEYMOUR 470 FOR PRICES
ON ANY JOB PRINTING ARISING IN
  YOUR  OFFICE 	
0 Bacchus me, and can it be
That 1 must flee from hence, while he
That numb-skull, low-born drug,
A deadly and insiduous thug.
Should take my place, O  Columbine,
Iladst thou but truly loved the wine,
And had.thy fondest predilection
Not been for Rye and Scotch Perfection
1 were not exiled and thou wert mine.
Farewell perfidious Columbine,
��� ��� :' '   Go, tell Bill Sunday, your 'divine,
I go to France, where Spirits dwell,
As I am far too good for hell.    ���
The next to follow me, I ween,
���. Will bc the Lady Nicotine,
.      ...:,        Bill Sunday's God will spread his wings
O'er temp'ral and spiritual things.
Thou hapless one wilt soon perchance
.  I"7* ... Yield up thy music and thy dance,
. ���   ��� And don the garb of temperance.
��� Long sleeves and hardly decollete,
And on your nose a wise pince-nez,
'"V The drastic question of the sex
> No longer shall thy mind perplex,
...' Especially if thou keep in mind
To guard thy chamber with a blind.
I go for good���though well I know
That Rye will roam here to and fro,
And Spirit of Perfection shall
Forever in thy household dwell
With Virtues for thy Confidantes,
Thou shalt be queen of Protestants
And of your church I fondly hope,
Bill Sunday shall be crowned the Popcl
Chorus of the Women's Forum���
Gloria, gloria saeculorum,
Behold we are the Women's Forum!
It's up to us to legislate
To rule and manage every state.
The dominance of men must- fall,  ;,
They made a fizzle of it all,
Had we had votes, there would not be
This war with all its butchery.
Thc banishment of spirits vile *���
We must rejoice in splendid style,
Men's love from hence, without a doubt,
Will seek no fuel frrthi without,
And all good men must needs begin
To fire their spirits from within.
Hip, hip Halleluiah!
Hip, hip Halleluiah!
Spearmint Gum (to a tune from Mikado)���
Though all should forsake you myamyam, myamyam,
You may count on your faithful old chewing gum,
On your wrigly and wiggly old gum!
(Gives Columbine a hearty smack and exit.)
Chorus of Int.���
Our climate is a sleepy sleet,
Our dogs they never scrap,
Our roosters fight not when they meet,
Ourselves we have none pep.
The Kugar is our only brute,
But how he smells, fie done! , /
The zoo is where he gets his loot
(What habits of a skunkl)
. Oh what shall be our lot, alas,
When all the Spirits go from us.
Twilight falls; Bows-Eros still snores, while Columbine weeps bitterly;        ,.
from the Victrola Orchestra in Evans' Music Store are wafted heart-rending     JU
strains.   Exeunt gradually minor Spirits.
Spirit of Perfection (tickling Col. under her chin) ���
./       Good riddance to bad rubbish, lass,
I'm glad they gaeng'd awa,
Forgive my brogue because, alas,
I hail from Eastern Canada.
Weep not; for prohibition-time
You'll have me by the bottle,
And many and many a night sublime
I'll warm youf fairy throttle.
1 I'll bide nearby, my new address
Is Parliament, I think,
Come, let us drink your happiness,
Come'bunch, all have a drink!
Bows-Eros wakes and gives a meaning squint.
Exeunt omnes into the Strand Bar.
Chorus Within���
Ah, let there be no moaning of the bar
When wc get prohibition���
Curtain. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1916
Northern Securities Limit
Established 1906
!t$ PENDER STREET WEST
FINANCIAL AGENTS.
Seymou
ESTATE MANAC
NOTARY PUBLIC
HOUSES WANTED
We Have numerous inquiries for six and eight-roomed houses
good districts.   List your house for rent with our rental departme
B. GEO. HANSULD
Manage
*^M*��WM��ww<iuw^^
Superwoman and her Work
(Continued from page 6)
not want to do what he ought not to
do, or that for which he or she is
unfitted.
The great engineer of the future
will deal with the problem of great
ice accumulations at thc poles���shifting the superfluous heat from the
equator, north and south.
There will be no lawmakers���when
nobody wants to violate the law, or
interfere with the rights of others.
There will be no desire to accumulate money, for there will be no anxiety as to the future. Nobody today
fills a big barn with air or with water, fearing that he may not have air
to breathe or water to drink.
No man of the future will waste
his time filling banks with money,
knowing that the time will never
come when he will want.
Ella  Wheeler  Wilcox says of  her
super-woman:
And best of all, she will bring holy
faith
To  penetrate  the  shadowy world of
Death
And show the road beyond it, brig,
and broad,
That leads straight up to God.
Very likely. Woman will teach man
in the future, as she has so often
done in the past���not to FEAR death.
Death will inspire the young with
interest, and be welcomed by the old
as a peaceful sleep. Fear of death
will disappear with other childish
nightmares, superstitions and fairy
tales.
The future of our race and our
globe will be something worth while.
Do your share toward it by earnest
work in your little corner. We are
like the tiny builderstiof the coral islands, working in the dark, but.up
toward the sunlight of the future.
e
Cl
At ^,-t ���.������<- wueat
crop, reducing both grade and yield
much below the estimate made at the
close of July. In the case of other
grains the yield is below thc average
but values are much higher. Fruit
growth in Nova Scotia and British
Columbia is normal, but lack of rain
elsewhere is having serious effects in
reducing the yield as well as the quality. The hay crop all over Canada is
extraordinarily heavy, and has given
a stimulus to dairying at a time when
3   na. at   $37,-
* -,859. The excellent quality of last
year's crop made the surplus wheat
readily marketable, with the result
that the amount carried over is not
more than 30,000,000 bushels. In addition, an unusually large proportion
of the crop was ground into flour
at home, with resulting benefit to
home industries, and the additional
quantity of subsidiary products was
readily absorbed by the home market. There has been a yearly increase
in the volume of foreign business
transacted by the Canadian mills, in
spite of variations in the amount of
the crop and of the wheat exported.
"THE MAN WHO KNOWS"
We
Does not have to seek a position.   A position seeks him.    Business men  seek "Success" graduates.
cannot supply the demand.   Why not get ready now?   Our Fall Term opens September 5th.
The SUCCESS BUSINESS COLLEGE, Limited
COR 10TH AVE. AND MAIN ST., VANCOUVER       Schools from Coast to Coast      Phone Fair. 2075
^un IIII3II1HI1 ii li iiiitniiaiiiiiiiiraiiiniini iiniiiiiiniuiiiiiiinniuitnniinKiii ������tiniiiiuimiii iiiiiHiiuiniiuiiiiiiinutiiiiuiiiiuiiniitiiuuuiiiiiuiiiiiniuif i^
| WAR LOAN |
| DOMINION  OF  CANADA |
| v  Issue of $100,000,000 5% Bonds Maturing 1st October, 1931. |
��= *                                                     PAYABLE  AT PAR  AT =��
H OTTAWA, HALIFAX, ST. JOHN, CHARLOTTETOWN, MONTREAL, TORONTO, WINNIPEG, ==
=*= REGINA, CALGARY, VICTORIA. EE
H ���   INTEREST PAYABLE HALF-YEARLY, 1st APRIL, 1st OCTOBER. M
~ PRINCIPAL AND  INTEREST PAYABLE IN GOLD. H
ISSUE PRICE  97-i
A FULL HALF-YEAR'S INTEREST WILL BE PAID ON 1st APRIL, 1917.
THE PROCEEDS OF THE LOAN WILL BE USED FOR WAR PURPOSES ONLY.
The Minister of Finance offers herewith, on behalf of
the Government, the above named Bonds for subscription
at 97}, payable as follows:���
10 per cent on application;
30     "        "   16th October, 1916;
30     " "   15th November, 1916;
27}    " "   15th December, 1916.
Tbe total allotment of bonds of this issue will be limited
to one hundred million dollars exclusive of the amount
(if any)��paid for by the surrender of bonds as the equivalent of cash under the terms of the War Loan prospectus
of 22nd November, 1915.
The instalments may be paid in full on thc 16th day
of October, 1916, or on any instalment due date thereafter,
under discount at the rate of four per cent per annum.
All payments are to be made to a chartered bank for the
credit of the Minister of Finance. Failure to pay any
instalment when due will render previous payments liable
to forfeiture and the allotment to cancellation.
Subscriptions, accompanied by a deposit of ten per cent
of the amount subscribed, must be forwarded through
the medium of a chartered bank. Any branch in Canada
of any chartered bank will receive subscriptions and issue
provisional receipts:
This loan is authorized under Act of the Parliament of
Canada, and both principal and interest will be a charge
upon the Consolidated Revenue Fund.
Forms of application may be obtained from any branch
in Canada of any chartered bank and at the office of any
Assistant Receiver General in Canada.
Subscriptions must be for even hundreds of dollars.
In case of partial allotments the surplus deposit will be
applied towards payment of the amount due on the October
instalment.
Scrip certificates, non-negotiable or payable to bearer in
accordance with the choice of the applicant for registered
or bearer bonds, will be issued, after allotment, in exchange
for the provisional receipts.
When the scrip certificates have been paid in full and
payment endorsed thereon by the bank receiving the
money, they may be exchanged for bonds, when prepared,
with coupons attached, payable to bearer or registered as
to principal, or for fully registered bonds, when prepared,
without coupons, in accordance with the application.
Delivery of scrip certificates and of bonds will be made
through the chartered banks.
The issue will be exempt from taxes���including any
income tax���imposed in pursuance of legislation enacted
by the Parliament of Canada.
The bonds with coupons will be issued in denominations
of S100, $500, $1,000. Fully registered bonds without
coupons will be issued in denominations of $1,000, $5,000
or any authorized multiple of $5,000.
The bonds will be paid at maturity at par at the office
of the Minister of Finance and Receiver General at Ottawa,
or at the office of the Assistant Receiver General at Halifax,
St. John, Charlottetown, Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg.
Regina, Calgary, or Victoria.
The interest on the fully registered bonds will be paid
by cheque, which will be remitted by post. Interest on
bonds with coupons will be paid on surrender of coupons.
Both cheques and coupons will be payable free of exchange
at any branch in Canada of any chartered bank.
Subject to the payment of twenty-five cents for each
new bond issued, holders of fully registered bonds without
coupons will have the right to convert into bonds of the
denomination of $1,000 with coupons, and holders of bonds
with coupons will have the right to convert into fully
registered bonds of authorized denominations without
coupons at any time on application to the Minister of
Finance. <
The books of the loan will be kept at the Department
of Finance, Ottawa.
Application will be made in due course for the listing of
the issue on the Montreal and Toronto Stock Exchangee.
Recognized bond and stock brokers will be allowed a
comrnission of one-quarter of one per cent on allotments
made in respect of applications bearing their stamp,
provided, however, that no commission will be allowed
in respect of the amount of any allotment paid for by the
surrender of bonds issued under the War Loan prospectus
of 22nd November, 1915. No commission will be allowed
in respect of applications on forms which have not been
printed by the King's Printer.
Subscription Listl will close on or before 23rd September, 1916.
Department op Finance, Ottawa, September 12th, 1916.
iihiiiiii
IIIIIIHIIIIIIIIHIII
crease i
the greater dc.
the United StaU=
cut of wood for pulp was rar .
normal which has resulted in a shortage at a time of increased demand and
increased cost. A year ago raw pulp-
wood could be purchased in Northern
Ontario at $4 a cord, whereas this
year the price is $5.25 and higher.
While the most important factor in
the increased cost of pulp is the increase in the cost of labor, the difficulty in procuring chemicals is also
a contributory item. Up to the present the output of Canadian paper
mills has not been checked by these
factors, but during the summer fires
and floods have caused some slight
loss and interruption, although not to
an appreciable extent. Contracts
made during the early part of the year
or previously, are being filled, but
there is a decided reluctance to contract far ahead even at prevailing high
prices. Additional increases in the
cost of production are feared, and
the demand for pulp and news-print
will doubtless .continue. The new
mills planned and in course of construction, and the extensions to existing ones, will, if carried out as
intended, add a per-diem capacity of
840 tons (tl news-print before the
end of 1918. During the twelve months
(���tiding iMarch last the amount of
printing paper exported was 463,204
tons or at the rate of 1,544 tons per
day, as compared with a tonnage of
292.579 or 975 tons per day in the
corresponding period ending .March
1914. In the export of and demand
for wrapping paper there are also
similar developments, and these, even
before the outbreak of the war, attained  considerable  proportions.
Raw material for paper-making is
abundant in Canada and most of it lies
near water-ways by which it may be
assembled at points combining manufacturing and transportation facilities.
During recent years our new transcontinental lines have been constructed through vast areas of forest, which
are thus rendered available and their
value is now being realized. This is
indicated by the demand for lands
which were offered a year agi* at $1,-
000 per square mile but are now being sold or held firmly at twice that
figure. The continued demand for
paper ami pulp-wood cannot but
greatly increase the value oi one
the greatest of our national resources
* * *
INDUSTRIAL CONDITIONS
During August, as in .Inly, the output of munition factories was less
than anticipated, one of the reasons
being the high temperatures A*hicl
were very general. In some instai ces
factories were shut down for brie:'
periods because of inability to get
parts, and in other cases owing :������ thi
lack of efficient labor. A broadening
tendency in the demands upon industrial plants is more evident. Manufacturers who lost their trade when
war broke out arc adapting their
plants to produce articles for which
there is now a market. Greater mining activity and the more vigorous
exploitation of forest wealth are creating heavy demands upon engineering plants, some of which have on
their hands more orders than in normal times. In British Columbia the
lumber mills have suffered inconvenience through lack of men, of whom
many left to work in the Alberta harvest fields.
On the Atlantic coast the catch of
all kinds of fish has not been as large
as expected, and buyers from the United States and the West Indies are
cured and packeu
quirements', Prices
higher and the net renin., will be
fully equal to those of last year. It
seems now to be almost assured that
the salmon pack in British Columbia
will be considerably below normal.
On the Fraser River at thc end of
August the pack was estimated at
30,000 cases, as compared with 180,-
000 last year,
HOW WESTERN  CANADA
LOSES GOOD MEN
Tide   of   Emigration   Threatens   the
Well-Being   of   Western   Canada���
"Protection"   is   Not    Wanted   by
Westerners, It Would Seem
During the year ending June 30th,
1914, no less than 149,220 people left
Canada for the United States; for the
following year the number was 153,-
233; the figures for 1916 are not yet
available, but in April alone over 14,-
000 crossed the border.
The figures are given by J. H. Has-
lam, member of the Saskatchewan
Rural Credit Commission, in an article in The Grain Growers' Guide.
It is safe to say, Mr. Haslani states,
that in the last three years nearly
half a million people have migrated
from Canada to the United States.
The total is made up in fairly near
equal parts of people who had left
the United States to live in Canada,
of Canadians, and of people of various other nationalities. There are,
Mr. Haslam says, settlements in Montana that are almost exclusively composed of people who ohce lived in .
Canada. In Duluth there is a society
of Scotch people, who formerly lived
in Winnipeg, which has a membership equal to that of thc Scottish Society in Winnipeg itself. The movement across the border has not been
confined to the frontier of the Prairie
Provinces. Movements southward
have occurred from British Columbia,
Quebec anil the Maritime Provinces.
In speaking of the causes for thc
movement, in so far as that from
Western Canada is concerned. Mr.
Haslam tells of his conversation with
one fanner who left Canada last autumn, rhis man said that he paid
on an average 20 per cent, more for
j everything bought in Canada than re-
1 lacives of his pay 100 miles south of
| the line.    He  also  received  10 to  20
per cent, less for what he sold from
his Canadian farm. Tin relatives had
visited hark and forth, they had compared notes and they knew the facts,
Another thing that told was in the
disappointment ae. to land values.
Americans sold land in Nebraska and
i ,��� , tor $50 to $100, bought in tlie
Canadian West at $10 to $12, and expected that the wonderful fertility of
the land purchased would cause a rapid increase in prices. Instead, they
have seen land around their old home
in thc United States nearly double in
value, while land bought in the Canadian West, even with improvements
added, will scarcely sell for the price
they gave for it.
If we are to hold our country's
population; still more, if wc are to increase it, \ve must create an equality
of opportunity in buying and selling,
vvith that existing across the border.
The demand of protected manufacturers in the East, that thc West shall
be maintained as a special preserve for
their benefit, must be rejected if.Stagnation, rather than Progress, is not
to be written over the plains.
B. C. MUNICIPAL BONDS
Have proved their Safety and Stability an   a   Profitable   Investment.
We offer a variety of thoroughly safeguarded bond issues, sold lo
net 6*4 per cent, to 716 per cent. Consult our Bond Department by
letter or in person. ,_,
\ W
Canadian Financiers Trust Co.
HEAD  OFFICE!    S39 BASTINGS  STREET WEST, VANCOUVER, B.  C.
PATRICK DONNELLY,  General  Manager. 1
SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 23, 1916
ID.
i-^f��,a6 ST. E., VANCOUVER
/ "Two Big Stores for Men"
thinks . ���
might like iy   o.. �� a whirl at o.<
ing game." '<
To begin with; let me say that the
confirmed angler fan is very much
of a specialist. Ile employs a spec'
rod, outfit and method for the diff
jointed
short,  i
if it
A
id, unless the junits are very
best   lashed   to   the   handle-
TUNG
cut Kinds i
pert angle
farmer's l)i
from the
farm.' As
of   special
lislt.
He
can ,
Why not Slave proper light
in your store, office or
home when bright Tungsten lamps cost so little.
25 to 60 Watt Lamps      -       -       -     30 cents each
i
Modern Illumination will bring business to.your store; save you and
your family from eye-strain in the home; enable your office employees to
do more effective work..
own
and   t
partic
is the true
even,  give
m in':ihg tr
s father's ���
i of tlie exl
nils   fl
thru*. Have it in the original wi
form and use .only a few tun
light cord. The reason for this ii
if you spill in sand or mud. the s
th;
*    ��� " ' V <l   o . .
he most sordid materialists,
nple. under the present Ad-
ion some thirty treaties were
)>*  which  the  United States
o talk over for a year any
an  injury  inflicted  upon  us
aking action about it.   Under
.erne,  if the  treaties  are ae-
arried out, we would hav^ to
for- a year with Japan  if .lazed Lower California, or with
ny if Germany seized St. Tho-
>efore taking action.    We would
o enter into a year's debate with
of them if they seized the Can-
If   the   English   or   French   tor-
boats   began   killing   our   men,
en and children on the high seas
would  have  to debate  with  them
-���reach  such  incident  for a year,
"ore putting a slop to the practice,
.s   the  Administration   has   debated
the sinking of the Lusitania for over
a year without achieving any
coming to any conclusion,
time as regards Belgium, and without
agitating for an immense increase in
our military efficiency, stand on a
level almost as low.
1 believe emphatically in our doing
our duty by others. We Should school
ourselves to subordinate love of ease,
love of safety, love of luxury and comfort, and love of money-making to
the stem performance of duty both
for ourselves and for others. There
can be no such performance of dun
without ample preparedness. Unless
wc arc true to ourselves we .Mini! be
false to everyone else; and we can
only be true to ourselves if we pr<
pare in thoroughgoing fashion to pr
tect our own country.
' Recently a trained officer of the
Coast Artillery, who would be hinueli
in any fighting from the outset, informed me, as his cold and deliberati
judgment, that 100*000 war-hardem .
result i veterans of any of the contending ;-.���-
ml as I mies,   if   now   landed   in   New   Voi  .
nt the
tlar
are
made that
ap
st a
igters,-   >J
m
to 1
.  ho
old  quite
k >',  etc;,
in
iri
sort
of thing
houli
own.
id.    Several I
al gre
t
fig
c.k-
.���ally
arge
ttt
>
in conception ol
against a form id
1st;   The lament
futo Me; i
tc
mini'
Carrall and Hastings
Phone Seymour 5000
UNION STEAMSHIP CO. of B.C. Limited
TUB   BRITISH   COLUMBIA   COAST   HAS   BEEN   DESCRIBED
AS THO EIGHTH WONDER OP THE WORLD
A VOYAGE
"North by West in the Sunlight"
IN ONE OF OUR
Eight Vessels "8" in Regular Service
WILL HELP YOU TO REALISE THIS TRUTH
Apply to our Publicity Department for brochures "Outward Bound"
and "North by West in the Sunlight," and particulars on Special Fares,
Hotel Accommodation and Tariffs, etc
Head Office, and Wharfi UNION DOCK, FOOT OF CARRALL STREET
Take Car to Columbia Avenue Phone Seymour 80S
Thc c<
trout, I ''.-:
lev plfkcs
Uts inhal
tl ��� i fish
varieties as crop]
��� l
".'"
fislf ��� arc
unl pickerel: and there are
u  t   within  reach  of  wa-
tated  by one of hiore  ol
In addition! such coqiWI!
perch, bullhead?
Every fisherman needs some' sort
:of a (.reel or basket in which to tote
lhe victims" of his luck or skill. I
prefer thc cYeel'of French .willow, the
11inly objection being its bulk. On the
I trip out, pack the grtfb in the basket���
!oh the return the fish, Sometimes.
we (
arc l,
ti
W<Mr>MWWM
SAFE FOR BABIES
YOU Should Use
Sou-Van Milk
Because:- ,
It is produced under ideal conditions in the Famous Fraser Valley-
comes from cleanT healthy, Government-inspected cows���from farmers
who know the great responsibility
that rests with a dairyman.
Sent post-haste to our sanitary
dairy, where it is clarified, pasteurized, cooled, bottled and sealed under
strictly scientific and approved methods.
Clean, safe, fresh���free from impurities, disease germs and dirt.
Wholesome, rich and nourishing���
the one safe milk for babies.
Delivered daily in sterilized bottles���phone now to Fair. 2624 for a
trial bottle.
Sou-Van Milk
South Vancouver
Milk Company .'-_
Scientific Dairymen
29TH AVE. AND FRASER
Phone Fairmont 2624
A Juicy Tale
Lord Kelvin once asked a student
in his class "What is electricity?"
and the nervous and hesitating youth
produced the apologetic answer, "I
really did know, sir, but at the moment I have forgotten."
"Throwing up his hands in a gesture of despair, the professor remarked, "Gentlemen, a great intellectual
disaster comparable to the burning
of the library at Alexandria has befallen the human race. Here, in our
midst, we have a gentleman who once
really knew what electricity is, and���
he has forgotten."
SAYS CYCLING DAN,
I'M   A   HEALTHIER MAN,
AND OFTEN WISH
THAT I BEGAN      ���
RIDING A BICYCLE
YEARS AGO
AND  EARLIER   REACHED
THIS HEALTHFUL GLOW.
I RIDE A PARAGON YOU
SEE
AND AM GLAD
FRED DEELEY
(The Cycle Man)
SOLD IT ME.
1126   GRANVILLE   STREET
VANCOUVER
etc., are very widely distributed, not
to mention the opportunities, afforded
by salt water. The owner of a cycle
can always get good fishing, no matter where he lives; he may have to
go a good-distance for it, but that is
where the cycle (its in.
tf   Ut   ft
In preparing for a vacation trip
that is to include some angling one
should consider -in advance what kind
of fish he is most likely to find. To
carry a bait casting outfit into a region of mountain streams aliver with
trout would fib as foolish as to go
quail hunting armed with an elephant
gun. The best all-round rod for
trout fishing is a fairly light fly rod
���about six ounces in weight, depending somewhat on the length, which,
in turn, should be determined by the
character of thc water. For small
streams, perhaps more or less choked with ��� brush, the rod should be 8
or 8 1-2 feet long���add a foot if the
fishing is to be done on a large open
stream. This rod will do for both
fly and bait fishing, being far better
for use with such light baits as grasshoppers, worms, small minnows, and
the like, than the stiff bait rods.
With a fly rod one can bait fish to
his heart's content; but casting a fly
with a bait rod is impossible.
* * *
The  line  should  be  of    enamelled
Ik, and hooks or rather small size,
tied to snell.   Thc reel May be either roads out around your home town in
single action click or a multiplier. If'your search for new scenes?
In warm weather fish require care
if they are to be kept in good condition. Every two hours or less when
trotiting, I take time to slit and draw
the fish caught, washing them and
packing them carefully in the creel
with damp moss or ferns. No true
Waltonian cares to take home a catch
of soft, soggy .fish, fit only for use
\s fertilizer in the garden.
* *v* ���
Green trees and grass, with a blue
sky overhead, and a soft south wind
blowing against your face���gee, but
isn't it good, doesn't thc combination
stir the gypsy blood in your veins and
cause you to tie a little bundle of
fresh linen to the luggage, carrier
some fine Saturday afternoon and
beat it away over the hills and far
away?
* * *
Can't you see those finger boards
beckoning to you to come out and
learn more of the country that lies
over' the edge of the sky?
* * *
Can't you feel.that love of the open
road to bc out and going?
* * *
You know your.cycle now, and have
enough confidence in your skill to
meet any roadside emergencies; besides,  haven't you  ridden all of the
Promises and Performances in
International Matters
lit We Lose the Instinct to Enforce Justice as We Know It,
What Matter  Our Ideas of Justice?
Send   for   47-page    illustrated
catalogue���post free.,'
Theodore Roosevelt, writing in the-
"Metropolitan," strikes a virile note
in regard to Washington's present attitude toward international affairs.
Fundamentally, he says, it consists in
making utterly loose promises to
please sentimentalists, and as soon as
the period of performance arrives, in
completely disregarding the principles set forth in these promises, because their nonfulfilment is demanded
in the interests of entirely selfish antl
cold-blooded materialists, The writer continues;
The sentimentalists iu question are
not people of action. They arc people of words. The materialists in��
question care nothing far words.
They are entirely willing that the
sentimentalists shall promise anything, and that the government authorities shall promise anything that
will please the sentimentalists, provided always that when the tinic for
performance arrives the promise shall
be repudiated, nakedly and sordidly,
if the repudiation is in the real or,
seeming interest of the/ materialists.
Thc words arc sometimes embodied in treaties���which afe promises.
Sometimes the words are used in addresses or state papers by thc highest executive and legislative .officials,
of. the land. The sentimentalists always fall into ecstasies whan these
treaties arc passed or these addresses
delivered. The materialists do not
in the least object to such treaties or
addresses; all they object to is having the treaty carried out or the address followed by action. All that
the materialists ask is that the words
shall be kept in an entirely separate
compartment from the deeds; and this
seems entirely to suit the sentimentalists. The result of this double-
edged policy has been that in our
international dealings for thc last few
years our public men, and thc people
behind our public men, have richly
earned the same species of contempt
that was visited by Macaulay on the
leaders of Scotch thought and action
two centuries and a quarter ago.
For exampje, the sentimentalists
declaim heatedly in favor of peace at
any price, and demand thc passage
of treaties wherein this nation promises in this matter what* it neither
should tjor would perform. The materialists are perfectly willing to sec
such treaties passed, provided that it
is always understood they are never
to be enforced, and''that this nation
is never to undertake any course of
action which shajl interfere with the
ease, comfort and safety erf its* people. Nor is this all. Unfortunately
the sentimentalists themselves���when
it comes to action���often join prompt-
it has for over three years submitted  could not only defeat any force si
to   infamy   iu   Mexico   without   being against them,  but  within  from  til
stirred to more than feeble and tepid I to forty days reach Chicago, conqui
resentment,   thfere   is   no   reason   to  ing  and   holding  all   the   iiilcru-i..
Suppose   that  it   would   find   the  pro-  country from the Atlantic to the M
posed "action disagreeable.    Hut some sissippi,
day we shall hare al Washington an      1  believe  he  was  right.     1  belie
Administration which docs not deity'mir people have
cowardice and inefficiency, and which!weakness ifpitte
docs   regard  .manliness  as   a   white; military rintagbt
and   then   these   treaties���,vl,iih   can breakdown in  p
lo  any  good  ���'  will   becoint   tiOy  expedjti	
fraught   with   the   capacity   for   Aea1 enough   of  tbe
harm. wo lid   i  ime   o
'J'he nadir of uiisconducf, is"reachcd [strengthvwi  wc
by  the'Sentimentalists    who.    when [class-riulitarj p
tliere is tio need oi" practically applying their principles,  scream  to have
extreme   promises   made;     but   who,
I when the concrete case arises, do tint
[venture lo speak one. word on behalf
of  what they have thus advocated  in
the  abstract.    There   have   been   few
more lamentable exhibitions of feebleness^  carried  to <s*c  extreme  point
of immorality, tfian the exhibition given by the professional pacifists who,
during thc past, year .and  three-quarters,  have   not   ventured   to   say  one
word in championship of Belgium or
in any way to denounce her despoilers.
Of course, if the apostles of peace at
any price mean that whenever an innocent country is invaded as Belgium
was invaded they will studiously refrain  from  doing    anything    except
bleat against war in  terms that apply  to  the  men  who  are  defending
their wives and children and hearthstones,  they  are  considerably  worse
than  worthless  members   of  society.
Yet this is precisely and exactly what
the professional'pacifists of this country have done when they have agitated   for  peace  without  venturing   to
say  one   word  for  righteousness
the concrete.
It should be clearly understood that
we object to the attitude of these pro
fessional pacifists during thc last year
and  three-quarters,  not  merely    be
cause it has been silly, but because it
has been mischievous from the stand
point of morality.   They are not impractical seekers after a  high ideal.
They are  timid  men,  who  sacrifice
their ideals to their timidity, and who
thereby  become  as   immoral  as  the
materialists.
There can be nothing more ignoble
and more base than to go on a peace-
ship to Europe, or to agitate in this
country nominally in the interests of
peace, and at the same time to refrain from specifically denouncing the
outrage of which Belgium was the
victim, and from specifically upholding the Belgians in their effort to protect their country. In practice, the
sentimentalists who took this course,
and who in theory upheld lofty standards of morality, when the pinch came
showed themselves tmblushingly allies of the worst materialists in this
country���of the men who said that
we had no duty whatever in international matters, except to serve our
own ease and put money in our own
pockets.
elii
It is our iiwii fault tli.i
prepare and have rjot pre
an act of literally criminal
our part that* t'm' twenty-two nioi
we "have taken not one step of i
it preparation, although" even
blindest musl have seen during ti,
tw.enty.-two months thai, as the w<
now is, nothing but a nation's I
strength can save it from overwi
ing disaster. I doubt if In the history
of mankind there have ever been rulers more blind than our rulers have
shown themselves to be during these
twenty-two months. Omy the mere-:
handful among all the public servant -
at Washington have shown loyal eagerness to fulfil their obligations to the
nation. It is a cruel and a wicked
thing to our children, and children's
children, no less than to ourselves, if
we do not now bend every energy to
prepare.
I believe in the performance of international duty. I believe that it is
a dreadful thing to make promises as
regards international duly which cannot be kept, or are not kept, or ought
not to bc kept. Therefore, I believe in
weighing well everything that we pr i-
mise,' in entering into no promise save
with defiberation, and in realizing that
internationally this nation must bc it-
brother's keeper, and must admit it-
duty, not only to refrain from wronging other nations, but to take some
action when weak and well-behaved
nations are wronged by thc strong
and unscrupulous.
But there is a duty prior to this.
Until we are able to defend our own
rights, we shall be objects of contemptuous derision if we talk about
protecting the rights of others. The
first .and-all-important duty of this
nation at this time is in thoroughgoing and adequate fashion to prepare itself, so that it may be able to
defend its rights by its own strength.
Such preparation must be not only ol
the body but of thc soul, for if the
soul of the nation is diseased, the
body cannot be permanently healthy.
This is the combination that men
of high ideals who nevertheless are
practical men���and the only kind of
idealist who serves his ideals is the
practical man���have to meet. Practically it is a strong combination.
Morally it is a peculiarly base and
unworthy combination.
I will not admit, and no really far-
sighted man ought to admit, that this
country owes no duty to the cause
of international morality.
Men who advocate peace without regard to righteousness occupy the precise position of the Copperheads of
1864. Men who clamor for treaties
to enforce peace without actively insisting upon the enforcement of the
Hague  Conventions  at  the    present
Found His Equal
A countryman visiting Dublin for
the first time took a seat in a tram.
Being next to a pompqus-looking
swell he commenced conversation in
a rather free and easy style. At
length the mighty one said:
"My good mail, reserve your conversation for one of your own equals.
I'd have you know I'm a K. C."
At this the countryman stood up
with outstretched hands, exclaiming
"Shake hands, namesake! I'm Casey
too."
* * *
Doctor (to Mrs. Perkins, whose
husband is i.ll)���'"Has he had any
lucid intervals?"
Mrs. Perkins (with dignity)���" 'E's
'ad nothing except what you ordered,
doctor." ,,-M
*���- f *
Mamma���"How shall I have the
baby's picture taken?"
Papa���"I wonder if you could have
it taken while he's asleep? I'd like
to see hou* he looks that way."
fKUHK
RAIL TICKETS TO ALL POINTS
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Lines
C. B. Jenney, D.
Phone: Sey.
A. P. D.
8134
W. O. Connolly, C P. V. A.
S27 Orwvillt Street

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