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The Saturday Chinook Dec 4, 1915

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Array SATURDAY
ri,
v
CHINOOK
1
vol. IV. No. 30���Established 1911
VANCOUVER, B.C., CANADA. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 4. 1915
Price Five Cents
,i:oitoi<: m. HvitiiAV
"The truth at nil timm firmly xtnntla
And ahnll from age to uk��* endure."
0
INWARD, MINISTERS!   FORWARD
THE FORCES OF REFORM!
kNE of the pack in Victoria has   been   unleashed and is after the ministers.
"No one," says Sir Richard's private
mouth organ, the WEEK, "expects a minister of
(he gospel to possess any business ability or even
common horse sense. In proportion as he is a good
minister he becomes unworldly to a degree which
disqualifies him from participating in public affairs.
It is a notorious fact that when he does so he makes
a mess of it."
To this the Vancouver SUN says that "the
WEEK is following closely in the track of Sir Rodmond Roblin, whose coarse attacks upon the ministers of Winnipeg so closely preceded his expulsion
from public life."
Business ability possessed by the ministers of the
gospel of British Columbia may not bulk large. As
to that we are not interested. One thing we are sure
of is that the business ability possessed by the ministers of the government of British Columbia is very
small.
Testimony as to the business ability of the ministers of the Government may be found in the awful
deficits of the past few years, the desolation which
exists throughout this unhappy province, the gasps
of the people as they are strangled by the big pets
of McBride and his colleagues.
Our pauperism which nice people refer to as unemployment is one of the first evidences of the absolute lack of business ability on the part of the ministers of the crown.
Pauperism in a land flowing with milk and honey!
So far as the ministers of the gospel are concern-
td, let its say that tTiere is much for them to do. The
percentage of public men in Canada who have been
caught stealing from the public treasury indicates
that it might be well to recall all our foreign missionaries and undertake the evangelization of our
own Dominion of Canada.
Corruption in public life is due in no small measure to the apathy of the Christian church. Political
parties are too often dominated by undesirable fellows who have not so much the interests of the country at heart as their own personal interests and the
prospects of satisfying the same from the public treasury.
Nominating conventions are held by all parties
and too often in these conventions the ministers of
the gospel and the leaders of the congregations are
not represented. They vote on election day���some
of them���and when they find that the professional
politicians are ruining the country they make stormy
protests with the rest of us.
The thing for the church to do is to link its membership up with that of political organizations.
Party, after all, does not count for much. It is a
*ehet of Liberalism that it makes little difference
what party a man belongs to so long as his motives
are right.
Between the two great parties there is a barrier
of conflicting policies. It may be said of the people
at Victoria that they are no more Conservative than
the head of the I. W. W. Their party is the PARTY OF THE PORK BARREL���the auctioneer
party.
i They have only one policy before them. It is
���C. the policy of sell, sell, sell. Sale of the natural resources of the country. Sale of the good name of
the country. Sale of the people of the country.
Sale of the sons of the country into pauperism. Sale
-  " of the daughters of the country.
INDEED, THE PAST TEN YEARS IN
BRITISH COLUMBIA HAS BEEN A DEVIL'S AUCTION.
Let the ministers gird on their'armor and enter
into the fight for better conditions. Let them throw
their followers into the party organizations. Let us
redeem our community before journeying abroad
with salvation.
Let no one be downcast at the outcome of the
Lucas libel action.    For Holy Writ is full of ma
terial to back us up in stating that in their present; the course of her European scramble for colonies,
fight���a fight which will go down in the history of she took Canada from France?"
Canada along with that of the breaking up of thej "Ought French-Canadians whom she defeated
Family Compact in Ontario���the ministers of Brit- i then to be willing for that reason alone, one hundred
ish Columbia are engaged in a Holy and a Righteous and fifty years after, to fight for her against Russia
Cause. i in Afghanistan?"
___^_____ "KINGDOM     PAPERS."   we   understand,
{may be had at any Canadian library or book store.
BRITISH COLUMBIA FARMERS j Mr. Ewart wants to see Canada made a separate
ORGAN ILL j Kingdom, and in support of his propaganda, has
EVERY agricultural district in British Colum-;issued many pamphlets and books. He has found
. bia will be embraced in a new body, the or-' followers here and there throughout the Dominion,
ganizing committee of which is located at The fact that the Government has not seen fit to
Kelowna. i have "KINGDOM PAPERS" 'suppressed and ifs
It is hoped to form a federation of all the farmers ; author jailed seems to indicate that Mr. Ewart
of the Province���cattle men, fruit growers, mixed ! couldn't possibly have greater liberty than he enjoys
farmers, gardeners. In fact every man who is a tiller [today under our old-fashioned form of Canadian
of the soil is invited to communicate with Mr. J. L. j government.
PRIDHAM, KELOWNA, B.C. ��� -~^	
Here is a movement which should receive ��� the
hearty support of the press and public of the Province. If there is anything under the heaven needed
in British Columbia today it is an active and intelligent farming community.
In the past we have used the farmers as victims
for our financial designs.
We have taxed him to death.
We have spent millions on rubber surfaced roads
in our cities and left the farmer out in the swamp
without even a trail.
M
parallel old railroads, but the farmer has been left \
out in the wilderness.
money to finance factories for the manufacture of
high explosives. We have been unable to assist the
farmer to cheap dynamite to blow out his stumps.
In British Columbia up to date the farmer has
been made more or less of a joke.   We have imported food stuffs annually variously estimated at from
$20,000,000 to $30,000,000 without batting an [
eye. \
In Chilliwack the other day, in the centre of a
M
BY THE WAY
M
OPENING TENDERS IN PUBLIC
R. CALDWELL, one of the Manitoba ex
ministers, has given it as his belief that it is
perfectly in order for a political party to
collect campaign funds from contractors with the
government.
Investigations going on at Victoria and elsewhere
throughout Canada, indicate that the government
contractors are being worked rather too hard by
party manipulators.
"It's coming yet," says the Winnipeg    TRIB-
We have spent millions helping railroads which  i ivp      l    j*     r    a.   r n     ��� l
���,,,.,      ,    ,      .    , ,      ,        , ,   UINL, as heading tor the following paragraph:
"Every Canadian citizen who believes in a square
deal and that government is for the people and not
Our spoon fed railroad magnates have used our r .        j      -,l   l     j- ,- r   �����     -.l-
v c, f        .     ,      , , tor party reads with abounding satisfaction this an
nouncement in every Manitoba Government advertisement calling for tenders:
" 'Al which time and place, said lenders
will be OPENED IN PUBLIC
"Disappointment there may be; disappointment
there is, for many who expected the old party crooked methods of letting contracts would be followed
under the new government.     But the opening of
tenders in public is a public guarantee of a square j
fruit country, a merchant sold Washington apples, deal     por every former 3upporter that a govern.
while Chilliwack apples rotted in an orchard half a ment may lose through the square deal in contract-!
mile away. j letting, it will gain a dozen friends.
That's the way we have been using the farmer. "The time is coming when Saskatchewan, Al-
In British Columbia the farmer has never been;berta- every province in Canada, and the Dominion
, i   . 11   -, i    - government, must follow the example of the Manito-
given a chance whatsoever.      Until he is given a;, .��� .  ��� , - , - ���    . .      .
.     I ba government in the matter or opening tenders in
chance we may expect to be more or less up against | DUui:c "
it.   It is to be hoped that the convention being called i
at Kelowna will be a success and that all the farmers
from all over the Province will be able to get their
heads together to talk Over their common tribulations!
and force the Government of British Columbia and   ir*iiM K.r-i C/-.m   -rue* r\ j   j
._      i   ���.-.'���   i iiii-   'JOHN NELSON,  THE Dominion dredging m-
of Canada to give them a square deal with other in-  spector a, Victoria, who is up for buying coal from
dustries within our borders. the Victoria Conservative  Association,  unlike his
illustrious forbear of Trafalgar fame, was not
brought up to the sea. John Nelson tilled the soil for
many years in Manitoba and later got on with the
Winnipeg police force. While on the police force,
John familiarised himself with and sunk many
schooners, thus qualifying for the nautical job at
Victoria.
THE VICTORIA NELSON is no connection
of John, the editor of the WORLD. If John had
his way, the Victoria Nelson and his ilk together
with the liquor traffic, would soon be put out of
business.
* * *
CONSERVATIVE PAPERS ARE playing up
the verdict of Lucas over the Ministerial Association
as a great party triumph.
ONE OF THE MEN who have little respect for
Mr. Moses Cotsworth, who was so prominent in the
case is Mr. J. W. Weart, Liberal candidate in
South Vancouver. Mr. Joseph Martin, K.C., is
another gentleman who doesn't regard Mr. Cotsworth very highly.
A STORY IS TOLD that when Sir Richard McBride was over for the trial of the ministers. Mr.
Martin met the Prime Minister at the club.
if tf if
"YOU FELLOWS SURELY should be tamed
out. I am convinced of that. Sir Richard," said the
Hon. Joseph. "I am convinced that you should be
immediately removed from off��-p "
LAVERCNE, EWART AND THE
PERSECUTED NATIONALISTS
EVERY Canadian with the Imperialistic spark
in his heart was shocked at the recent speech
of Mr. Armand Lavergne, the Quebec Nationalist, in which Canada's right to participate in
the present war was attacked.
Though suggestions for the punishment of Lavergne for his heated remarks ran all the way from
scolding to hanging, we have as yet failed to
hear anyone call for the head of Mr. John S. Ewart,
the Canadian lawyer who wrote "KINGDOM
PAPERS."
Mr. Ewart has advocated everything stated by
Lavergne in the Quebec speech. He had denied
the right of Canada to take part in wars not of her
making. The following statements and questions
in "KINGDOM PAPERS" are typical:
"Canada is under no legal, constitutional or moral
obligation to assist the United Kingdom in case of
war.
"If the British fleet is our sole protection against
German occupation, what is it that protects the Argentine Republic."
"We are in no danger of an overseas attack."
"Canada is nominally only and not really a part
of the British Empire."
"Ought we to be grateful���that is ought we to
continue for ever to furnish the United Kingdom
with men and money for all her wars���because, in
SIR RICHARD WAS much surprised to hear
these words from Mr. Martin. He didn't know for
a moment whether to get mad or take on a wounded
air.   "Why do you say that?"
"Any government," Mr. Martin is alleged to have
said, "that would pay Cotsworth $8,000 a year
ought to be sent to a lunatic asylum." Whereupon
both are said to have laughed heartily.
if  *  if I
IF THE MINISTERS had been advised by the
lawyers who advised Mr; Bowser in preparing his
answer to" Dominion Trust charges, there never
would have been any Lucas libel action. As it is
the Lucas verdict will not down THE CRISIS IN
B. C. pamphlet.
CONSERVATIVE PAPERS such as the BRITISH COLUMBIAN of New Westminster are
doing a great cjeaL of shouting over the outcome of
the Davidson submarine investigation. After all
these weeks these1 papers are repeating to the electorate, urging in fact, that Sir Richard McBride has
not grafted a penny or done anything wrong in connection with the submarine deal. They lay the
whole transaction to the awful Imperialistic zeal of
Sir Richard and monotonously declare from day to
day that "Sir Richard and his associates have been
cleared."
if if if
OLD SIR CHARLES DAVIDSON may have
cleared Sir Richard of any, mark, but the chances
are that in arranging for rLs family coat of arrms
and family crest. Sir Richard will not embody in
the design anything suggestive of submarines.
if if    if
"IF PARTY FUNDS ARE TO BE PROVIDED, I WOULD EXPECT GOVERNMENT CONTRACTORS TO CONTRIBUTE REASONABLY." ��� Hon. George R.
Coldwell, former Minister of Education in the Robin Government at Winnipeg.
* * tf
MAYOR WALTERS, OF MERRITT, has
given interviews to the Vancouver papers condemning lhe condition which permits fuel oil to be brought
into British Columbia duty free to compete with
British Columbia coal.
* * tf
A STORY HAS been going the rounds which is
well worth being printed in these columns*. Returning irom one of his periodical visits to foreign lands.
Sir Richard McBride asked to be shown over the
parliament buildings at Victoria. In the course of
the inspection, Sir Richard's eye fell upon a great
heap of twisted steam pipes and coils and tangled
furnace bars. He asked his guide what all that junk
was. The guide said that men were engaged changing the heating system at the parliament buildings
and were installing oil burners.
Whatever Sir Richard's faults may be, he is a
good booster for British Columbia products.
"What," said he, 'is Tom Taylor putting oil burners in our parliament buildings?"
Taylor, Minister of Public Works, was called to
the Premier's office. Sir Richard asked him if he
thought it was good politics to install oil burners in
the legislative buildings of a province which boasts
of its immense coal resources.
Taylor hadn't thought of that angle of the question, and Sir Richard urged him to proceed to put
back in place the coal burners. British Columbia
fuel would have to be good enough for the time being for British Columbia public buildings.
THE LIBERAL CANDIDATES for the Provincial House���42 in number���are of the following professions: High School Principal, one; Newspaperman, one; mining engineer, one; civil engineer, two; druggists, two; doctors, five; draymen,
one; farmers, six; financial men, four; other business men, nine; lawyers, ten.
AMONG THE AUTUMN LEAVES which
are falling are the liquor traffic of British Columbia
and the wine and song administration at Victoria.
if if if
OPEN THE DOOR and heave a brick into the
dark. If you hear a yelp you have hit a yellow dog.
Listen and you will hear other yelps. It is the pack
yelping in unison with the cur that has been hit.���
This from the Greenwood LEDGE.
WONDER IF THE members of the Ministerial
Union of the Lower Mainland can gather any solace from the philosophic utterance of the editor of
the LEDGE.
/ ^���1
���ma^HH
TWO
SATURDAY   CHINOOK
SATURDAY.   DECEMBER 4, "IS
FREE PUBLICITY WANTED
Outside of commercial firms altogether, the worst sinners in this respect, are the different department! "f the
local and Dominion governments. Few commercial firms
have the sail to ask for a free write-up, without sending
along a decent advertisement as well, hut government!
appear to think that newspapers are run for Iheir special
benefit, and the favors they ask, are directly responiible
for the failures in the newspaper world, we see so common today. There is scarcely a week, hut we receive from
$25.00 to $50.00 worth of government dope with the request or expectation that it will have free insertion. And
it gets it, free insertion in the waste paper basket, and
the stove for kindling next morning. Just as an example,
take the Post Office Department. They are constantly
sending along notices they wish to he inserted on a free
hasis, yet when an advertisement of a mail contract is in
the air, they forget that there is a paper at Xatal, hut
order the insertion of thc calling for tenders for carrying
mails from the Post Office at Xatal to the Railway Station
and return, in a paper published at Fernie.���Xatal Reporter.
DOUKHOBOR GIRLS AND VEREGRIN
The Greenwood Ledge wants the charges made against
Peter Veregrin of horsewhipping some of the girls in the
Doukhohor colony near this city investigated. We should
also like to see a little more publicity thrown oil the mat
ter. The charges were printed in The Sun a couple of
weeks ago and we have good reasons for believing that
they are founded on facts. The details of the incident, as
we stated then, were told by one of the girls who had been
lashed to her sister, who related thc circumstances to her
husband, an independent Doukhohor, employed by one of
the fruit growers on the Covert estate. This man informed his employer of the outrage. The rancher says lie
notified the provincial police immediately after Peter had
administered the horse-whipping, but that no action was
taken. Another citizen of Carson also states that he, too,
informed the police of the incident. Whether or not the
police had instructions from Victoria to do nothing, we
are not prepared to say, but it looks that way. These are
the facts in the case. To us the charges made against
Veregrin appear to be serious enough, in view of the
severe beating and barbaric treatment given the girls, tn
warrant an investigation. The Ledge or any other Tory
paper, should not lay lhe unctuous flattery to its heart
that the details printed in The Sun in connection with this
case were dreamed in this office.���Xatal  Reporter.
TENANTRY AND LAND OWNERSHIP
Tweuty-f
Oklahoma
dp not
ime-o wning
men now en-
ive years ago, when the region we now call
was opened to settlement, a tenant could not
have been found among our rural population with a search
.warrant. Everybody who wanted to live upon and own
land enjoyed thc privilege. "Claims," as quarter sections
of land were then properly denominated, were io he had
fur the taking.
Today, according to thc federal census of 1910, 54.8 per
cent of our rural population are tenants. More than likely
the proportion is nearer 60 per cent at the present time.
Stop and think what this means. It means that the bulk
of our farms have passed into the hands of men wdi
use them; that the landlord outnumbers (he h
farmer; that more than half the dumber of
gaged in tilling the soil in this state are forced to yield a
part of the reward of their labor for the privilege of producing a crop; that the toll of land ownership is becoming
.heavier upon the producing classes with each succeeding
year.
The ideal slate of society is one in which every man who
wants to, owns a home, whether it be upon a farm or in
a town. That condition makes for the stability of the
whole social fabric and produces the best of citizen'!.
We are well aware that it is quite out of the question
to legalize thrift and industry into any man:' W'e are not
unmindful of our constitutional guarantees which deny the
right of anyone to' lake properly fn
il on to another.    ^^^^^^^
But tenacity in this state is becoming a serious probl
Xo thoughtful citizen can view it with complacency. Too
large an element of our producers are beholden to the
general welfare with no substantial bonds. Take from a
man the hope of substantial reward for his labor and you
leave no incentive to conserve the public weal.
Harlow's Weekly, edited by a man who thinks, makes
bold to assert that there must be a limitation upon the
.right of private ownership iu land. This principle will be
readily accepted by every man who is not financially interested in holding large bodies of farm lands for speculative purposes. Indeed, the theory is often advanced that
no man should enjoy the right to own farm lands save
that he lives upon and uses the same.
The graduated land tax is popularly regarded as an
adequate remedy for landlordism. We made an effort to
apply it in this state and failed, thc courts holding that it
conflicted with constitutional provisions. Rut we must not
be daunted by failures of this nature in the face of the
alarming conditions obtaining. Tenantry and landlordism
are vital problems in this state and must be adequately and
effectually met.���Daily Oklahoman.
properly from one man and pass
ileiu.
WHO TALKS OF PEACE?
I warned you a little while ago that the taik of peace
erms would shortly be in the air. There were. I told you,
two dangers: One was that our arms might meet with trifling reverses, and that the Pacifists and pro-Germans
among us would seize thc opportunity to cry a halt "lest
more blood should be uselessly shed and more treasure
wasted." The other danger was that the enemy, realising
the hopelessness of the struggle, should start the talk
of peace in neutral countries, through the million mouths
of his spies and secret agents. This last is the danger that
threatens us.
The enemy knows he is beaten. Hammer that fact into
your brain! Whatever doubts may still linger in the minds
of certain journalists and public men the enemy has no
doubts. He knew he was beaten before he started the
Balkan adventure; that was merely a piece of poker bluff
to get better terms,- .His reserves are exhausted, and perhaps in a month, certainly within three months, his first
line will begin to shrink. Refore that happens, before he
is driven out of Belgium, France and  Russia, the Allies
must, if possible, be manoeuvred into an offer. If that
prove impi ssible then, but only then, lhe offer will come
from Germany. And so, now, from Amsterdam, Switzerland, and America come persistent rumors that after all
Germany is not so irreconcileable, that she is not "a
merciless conqueror," and that if only the Allies will take
the first step "tbis horrible war may be stopped."
Don't be bluffed.
If ibis plea dues not work tbe tune will alter. Then we
shall bear how wicked it is (and useless) to try to crush
a great nation, tllat our quarrel is not with lhe German
people but only with their Government, that if we make
them hate U! the legacy of bate will breed new wars.
There lies the greatest danger! For the Briton carries
his sense of sportsmanship to quite absurd lengths. If
lhe other fellow will only say "I've had enough" he wants
lo shake hand! and have a drink with him- Will vou treat
the German like that? Don't you know he will try to
poison your drink? Don't you know that any treaty he
makes he will break at the first opportunity? That the
only chance of a lasting peace lies in the absolute smashing
here and now of the German power? Hate us, will they?
Of course they hate us. and will hate us whatever happens. Thank God for that! Hut hatred does not affect
their policy, which is a cold and remorseless attempt to
gain the mastery of the world. The policy will continue
until Germany ceases to be a great Power. Therefore
we are out to crush Germany, to destroy her armies as a
fighting force and obliterate her fleet.
Bc assured that Germany would be willing at once to
accept terms far more favorable to the Allies than any
yet broached. She would certainly be prcperade to abandon all the invaded territory, with the possible exception
of Antwerp; she might be prepared to abandon Alsace-
Lorraine, and to see Poland���German, Russian and Austrian���established as an independent or a semi-independent
kingdom. She might be prepared to go further. Xone
of these  concessions matter a  hang.    A  treaty on  these
made, Canada cannot expect; and .should not have, any
such work. That such attempts lime been made, and on
a large scale, there is. unfortunately, little room t" doubt.
��� Farmers' Tribune.
STILL AT IT
Ottawa dispatches report a hitch between Sir Robert
liorden and Sir Wilfrid Laurier iu regard to the proposed
extension of the life of parliament, lhe opposition leader
is willing to join the government in an address to the Imperial House seeking authority to extend the parliamentary
term until the fall of 1917 but the Prime Minister wants
the period ,o run to the summer of 1918. The life of the
present parliament will not terminate until a year from
next mouth. There is. therefore, no occasion for the government to worry about tbe subject at this stage. The
present negotiations originated with the "practical" poli-
icat clement in thc cabinet which is anxious to have a wartime election but fearful of the onus of dividing the country
in the face of the enemy, is seeking to jockey the responsibility for it to the shoulders of the Liberal party. Twice
was an indeterminate Prime Minister on the verge of
capitulating to tllat element, but the storm of protests
which arose from all parts of the country, emphasized in
the second instance by the sorrow-laden news from Flanders, compelled the conspirators to suspend their programme.
If a general election is held within the next year the responsibility will be labelled squarely on the shoulders of a
coterie of ministers more concerned about their political
fortunes than about the war and its vital issues. Xo decent Canadian wants an election at this time, lie knows
that there is only one thing that matters now and until it
is decided Canadian national politics is'a minor consideration. But he must be impressed with the unmitigated gall
exhibited in the proposal that the life of the present ad-
lines would not be worth the paper it was written on so ! minisration shall be extended to 1918 irrespective of whe-
long as the enemy's armies remain intact and the German thcr t,ie war be ende(* within thc next twelve months or
navy rides at anchor in Wilhelmshafen. The treaty would not- ^�� threat of a general election will intimidate Sir
be a dodge, it would be torn up as soon as Germany felt Wilfrid Laurier into supporting such a flagrant diswgard
herself strong enough to renew the fight. We dare not I "! the wishes of the electorate as expressed at the polls,
trust her, we will nut negotiate with lier', she has shown
Hut let one poor, human mite be allowed tn die for
own good, and the  American  conscience is aroused.    '
duty toward man and God becomes actively charged ui
some sort of emotion hard to describe.
The thousands of babes that have died in  Europe 1
failed  to  impress  us.    The  hungry children   here  do
disturb  us  much;   but  a  doctor  and  a  mother   stand-'
quiescent  while tbe spark of life goes out of a defect!,
new-born child, seems to be a picture too poignant for i
American imagination to pass over.
Can any one tell us just where the dividing line in ll
curious American conscience begins'; whither it is tendi
and where it will end?���Detroit Times.
THE KING BUSINESS IN GERMANY
she does not know the meaning of honor, that her word
has no value, and that her word is just as good as her
bond. She is a wild beast that must be caught and caged.
When she is safely behind tbe bars Ve will dictate the
terms of peace, fine thing more! Murder bas been done,
and the murderers must be judged.���London Daily Sketch.
WAR LOANS, WAR PROFITS AND WAR TAXES
The Tribune has expressed the view that some radical
changes in the fiscal and financial methods of the country
are necessitated by the emergent conditions produced by
the war. Indeed, without any such emergency, some fiscal reforms of a radical character should be made, in the
interest of the great mass of the Canadian people,
The Minister of Finance has announced the issue of a
loan for fifty millions, for subscription by the people of
Canada themselves. In view of the urgent demand for
funds to meet the extraordinary expenses of the war, this
proposed loan should mil, probably, be opposed, nor tmi
drastically criticised. In this time of excitement and distraction, however, it will be well for tbe people of Canada
to remember that the issue of this loan will settle nothing
and will pay nothing. It will merely transform a certain
portion of the people of Canada into creditors ol" all the
epople, who will have to repay not only the sum borrowed,
but $2,250,C0O annually in interest.
It may bc set down as an economic axiom, that an increasing public debt means decreasing prosperity for the
great majority of the people. In lhe affairs of a nation,
as in those of a business concern, or of a domestic household, it is desirable that all thc running expenses shall be
met out of income. When they have to be met fur any
length of time by borrowing, grave financial difficulty
will result, and. if the borrowing is continued long enough,
or is on a large scale, disaster must result.
llcforc the opening of the war Canada's borrowings,
public and private, had much exceeded thc limit which
prudence would have sel. It is time that the brake should
be put on. as firmly as possible and that the country should
meet its expenditure more largely from taxation, and less
from borrowings.
There are several large sources of income which have
never been tapped. At the present moment the most striking of these is the so-called war profits. In the stuck market reports we see that the shares of certain companies,
which in some cases had, up till recently, virtually no market value, and which represent little or no actual cash investment, quoted at large advances, and that from being
dead or quiescent, they have become quite active. This
revival is explained by the fact that these companies have
been making large profits out of orders from munitions
and other war supplies for the governments of the Allies;
or that they have large contracts for such supplies, out
of which great profits arc certain to be made. There is
something that jars on one's sense of justice and of decency in the spectacle of relatively small groups of men
raking in large fortunes from the distress of the country.
It is probably still more revolting to contemplate the
action of other men who are struggling for a gambler's
chance of obtaining a share of the swag, by purchasing
these war stocks���or "War Babies," as they have come to
be termed, in the somewhat vapid and pointless argot of
the stock market���at prices much beyond their normal and
intrinsic value. ,
It seems to bc generally regarded as a "commercial proposition" that any concern which secures a war contract
is entitled to any sort of exorbitant profit which it can,
by hook or by crook, obtain. When anything in this country nowadays attains thc status of a "commercial proposition," no matter how unjust, absurd, or crooked it may be,
it, to certain minds which are too numerous amongst us.
is secure from attack.
It is within the power, and it is the duty, of the Finance
Minister to correct these economic and ethical misconceptions. War profits should be taxed at such a rate that
only a moderate profit shall ultimately be retainable by
the contractors. This would, of itself, probably have the
effect of stopping the speculative boom in "War Babies."
but in order to ensure sane commercial conditions in the
stock market, an increment tax on short transfers should
be imposed.
The fiscal machinery of the country can and should be
employed for the purpose of keeping those war profits
down to a reasonably- and decent level, and of ensuring
the wider and more equal distribution of such profits as
may reasonably be made, having regard to this country's
duty as one of the beliggerent units. Moreover, by thus
choking off thc rapacity of certain parasitic interests.
Canada will have a chance of sehuring a much larger share
of the work of produhing war supplies. Whilst attempts
to gouge  the  Mother Country and its Allies  are being
In any event, this is not the time nor is a statesman's private office the place for. tbe settlement of the question.
The proposition should be kept in cold storage until parliament has been called together, when it should be made
publicly and considered by all the representatives of the
people.. Were a deadlock to ensue in conscqeunce of a
preposterous demand, tbe .government no doubt would
dissolve parliament, but it would have to bear the responsibility for its action.
This incessant jockeying for position by federal election
mongers must fill the great body of the electors with infinite disgust. We are in the midst of a great war. Thc
enemy has shown himself so formidable that cvery ounce
of our strength is needed for us to do our proper part in
resisting him. Wc have not more than two divisions in
thc firing line and probably will have to send three times
that number. The problem of equipment has not yet been
satisfactorily solved. The future of wounded soldiers who
have returned from lhe front, many seriously incapacitated for ordinary work, is a subject which becomes more
pressing with the arrival uf every vessel from Europe,
There are, in fact, a hundred problems, thc solution of
which cannot he postponed without casting a stigma mi
the nation, Ministers might^mploy their time in dealing
wilh these vital matters instead of absorbing themselves
in thc petty business of scheming fur a war-time election
for which they think the opposition might be held responsible.���Victoria Daily Times.
GRAND JURIES ARE USELESS
At tlie Xanaimo assizes recently Mr. Justice Clement
expressed himself most forcefully regarding lhe uscless-
ness of the present grand jury system. His lordship in-
cittdentally voiced tbe opinion that the uses of the grand
jury were pretty well gone by; that the system was a survival of the times when thc central authorities were widely
removed by distance from the immediate sphere of a
criminal action, and was intended to secure the true facts
of a case that was to be taken to the seat nf government.
Mr. Jusice Clement stated that in his ten years' experience on the bench he bad never seen any benefit from
grand juries as such. It was usual for grand juries, stated
his lordship, to visit public buildings and make suggestions
as to their condition bul he suggested that this expense
should be cut down as much as possible, and unless there
was some apparently good reason fir such a visit that
duty might, perhaps, be neglected. In addressing the
grand jury his Lordship made the statement: "You arc thc
most irresponsible body known in law, the only check upon
you being your own oath and your own conscience."
It is a well know fact, both in Canada and the United
States, that grand juries have outlived their usefulness iu
most cases, yet law-making bodies have not seen fit.to
rid the public of this unnecessary expense. It might be
wise to continue the federal grand jury system for a
period longer, but certainly there can hardly be a necessity
for such juries whose only duty will be: of a purely local
character.���Merritt Herald.
UNUSUAL TO SEE A LITTLE LIFE APPRAISED
SO HIGHLY
It would seem that the people are. more stirred by the
death of a nial-formed, defective baby in the United States
than by the deaths of 10,000,000 of men in one year of the
European war.
The first involves, to their minds, a principle (that of
preserving life, for good or ill") which has been for generations bred in their bones. Yet capital punishment is allowed to exist in many states, even though some of its
victims are never proven guilty, beyond a doubt, and may
be as innocent as the unfortunate babe.
As for war, they are convinced that the wholesale
slaughter of men by the most inhuman means, is a thing
to be expected; part of the programme of life and even
has a splendid, glorious side, no matter what the cause
of the war may be.
The American people can also view with equanimity the
industrial conditions of their country which allows hundreds or thousands of people to die annually from insufficient food, bad housing and the numerous unsanitary surroundings which come from poverty.
They accept with more or less complacency the ruining
of hundreds of their youth through resorts of vice, run
solely for commercial profits; thc absolute destruction of
thousands of their men through drink; the oppression of
woman by withholding from her a voice in the government and giving to her lower wages and longer hours for
the same work as men. equally well performed.
They endure without protest, tbe squeezing of tbe life
blood of the masses through exorbitant taxation brought
aibotit by inefficient management and graft by public officials; all these things fail to stir them.
If  G��rniany had  been  ruled  by  the  people,  instead
by an emperor, there would have been no war.
If the people's chosen premier governed Greece at tl ���
juncture, instead of a King under the thumb of thc G(
man royal household, there would be no question as i
the attitude of Greece in the war. The people made th;
clear; but the vicious royal influence seems likely to pr.
vail.
The King business in Europe is responsible for a (;
mendous amount of the semi-barbarism in evidence in tl-
nations oposing the cause of liberty.
It  would  appear  that   German   preponderance   in   i
royal families of Europe has given the central empire-
considerable advantage in the field of diplomatic strate-
The Allies, seeking help,anio|ig the smaller nations, ar
compelled to overcome the influence of a German  Kin.
on nearly every throne of Europe.
This situation has not arisen, it is believed, from a
deep-laid plot or carefully wor.ked out royal chess gam
but from purely natural causes.
There   are   thirty-eight   royal   families   in   Europe,   ar
twenty-one of these are located within the boundaries i
the  German  empire.    That  fact,  plus c.xclusivensss,  ha-
made the German royal blood largely dominant throne'
out the continent of Europe. ''>���'���
The last steps required for fairly ciUilpletc German i
fluence of the kingships of the Old World were the fall
of the  houses of Bourbon,  Savoy, Ttfirany and  Naph���-
The house of,Bourbon controls the throne, tif Spain, bin
King Alfonso is half German.   Xot only are there twent;
fine royal  houses in  Germany, and only seventeen  in al
the rest of Europe! but-whenever a dyria'sty disappears i
a kingship is to be created, it is the practice to summon
foreign   prince,  and   by   force   of  numbers,   the   Genua'
have taken the lead in tlie King business.
When Greece needed a king, a soil of the German nth
of Denmark  was called,  and  bis son, in  turn, married
llolienzollern prince!!.   So, while it is customary to spea
of  the   king  of  Greece  being  influenced  by   his   Genua
wife, he also has German blood in his veins.
The Coburg bouse of Germany has kings upon f
thrones of Belgium and Bulgaria, The king of Roumani
is a 11'lhenzollern. The King of Norway is a Gerinni
from the Danish house, and his wife is a German from th
English branch.
There are. therefore, twenty-eight royal bouses of m i
or less  German extraction, and  only ten which  show  a
original  noil-Teutonic cast.    In  these ten,  German  Id ���
is- strong through intermarriage.
The royal house of Russia illustrates the effect   'f im
marriage,    The czar is  Romanoff, by male  lineage, an
probably has some Russian blood.   Ilui he (nairicd a li-*
man  princess of thc  hou-:e of    Hesse-Darmstadt.      Ill
mother was a German of thc Danish house.    His father'
mother  was  a  German  of   Hesse-Darmstadt.     So     Czai
Nicholas is at least  three-fourths German, and  the c/ar
vitch has not more than one-eighth Russian blood!    lein.
into the collateral branches i f the Romanoff fa -lily, tin-!
have  been,  among recent  member.*,  nine  marriages  with
native German royal families, four with German familic-
reigning outside Germany, and only four others altogether
Xo matter what the Old World thinks .bout it. Iln
Xew World would hope one result of the war W'U be thi
overthrow nf monarchial power, and rule by th ! people.
Anything else is foreign to enlightenment and the spirit
of the age.���Farmers' Tribune.
LET CRITCISM BE CONSTRUCTIVE
The most baleful force iu the world is destructive criticism, and nowhere else does it work with such deadly effect
as In tbe home circle.
Il is the fashion to speak of home as a place where oik
is sure of understanding, and encouraging, and appreciation. In reality Ihc exact opposite of this is true. Home
is the place where those nearest and dearest to you feel
it to be their sacred duty to throw cold water mi your
aspirations, waken you up from your dreams of achievement and puncture your I'ttle balloon of self-confidence.
Thc weapon which these foes of our own households
use upon us is destructive criticism. They are perpetual
Antis. They, never by any chance suggest anything that
we should do. They never indicate any road to happiness
Or prosperity;    -      *   ��� -   '
Sometimes the critic on the hearth is a mother .who begins her nefarious work upon her children in the very cradle by continually holding up their shortcomings before
them. They grow up to a chorus of reproaches. "Willie,
what makes yon so awkward? You can't walk across the
room without falling over your feet. My, you'll be a
laughing stock in society when you are: gro'Wn up!"'
"Mary, can't you sit Up straight? You're as crooked as a
rainbow. A girl as ugly as you are should at least try-
to cultivate a good figure. 1 don't sec why you couldn't
have been pretty, and bright, and talented like Sallie-
Jones," etc., etc.
Often a boy wants to take up a certain line of work, or
to go away from home to seek his fortune. Thc critic on'
the hearth is utterly incapable of judging the boy's ability,
or his talent, or his opportunity, but she can raise ten
thousand objections to it, and douse down the proposition until she puts out the fine fire of enthusiasm in the
lad's soul.
Or, perhaps, the victim is a young girl. She's poor and
needs money. She is talented and ambitious, but let her
want to strike out and do something for herself, and there
stands mother with the icy cold wet blanket ready to-
throw over her, and chill her every aspiration to the backbone. Mother has tons of criticism to offer to every plan
that is suggested, but she never comes forward with any
interesting counter propositions. She doesn't even produce the wealthy and faultless young man that she holds
that every girl should marry.
That is why destructive criticism becomes a crime., and
those who have nothing to offer us in place of what they
take away do us a deadly harm. Unless you can give us
constructive criticism and tell us a better way of doing
things than we are doing them, keep silent.���The Great
Divide. -   TCRDAY,   DECEMBER  4,   191?
SATURDAY   CHINOOK
THREE
Insurance Effected in Best Companies
ESTATES   MANAGED
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TO COLLECT RENTS AND HAVE THE OVERSIGHT
OF RENTAL PROPERTIES
We have had Twenty-five Years' Experience in Vancouver
North West Trust Company, Limited
E. B. Morgan, President
509 RICHARDS STREET Phone Seymour 7467
IS
B. C. Municipal Bonds
HAVE PROVED THEIR SAFETY AND STABILITY
AS A PROFITABLE INVESTMENT
Send for Latest List
Canadian Financiers Trust Company
Head Office���839 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B.C.
P.  Donnelly, General  .Manager
liliil
.-'
rinr-*^"""-"- ������ *
..,.-,,... .
The Municipal Car
Orders to the Municipal Chaffeur
LET GEORGE DO IT?"
No!
put it in the hands of the
Haw Fra����r  Trn��r Cn lhavc added ",is rit-icu-0,JS incident to
i/OW   riASCI     HUM   V4I. "Pinafore" and been sure of a guffaw
kinri of work?   No!    Well, surely then
at the navy yard ai  Itremerton or at'l
the   fine   plant  at   Mare   Island?     No!||
\\ rong again.
The steamer "Surveyor," for  work
| in   Alaskan   waters,   ia  heilig  built  at
I Manitowoc,       Wisconsin,    on     Lake
Michigan,
Seems   a   little   like   comic     opera,
doesn't it?   Gilbert and Sullivan could
-.i     mow   how,   and   have   been   "at
it   here   since   1900,"
-every time il was shown. A steamer
.for Alaska is being built way up in
| the heart of the continent���a salt wa-
)t
ar  Collection   Department,   wiih   a,didn't they try Denver or Dallas?
What sort of red  tape "r political
mpetent  staff, undertakes the  col
I favoritism puts over so tudricrous a
.f agreements of sale,  rents,  contra>tJ   To ���, ,,, Alaska the "Sur-
ti- ."
������ttti-a
res, etc., etc.
Besj services; moderate charges,
122 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Phone Seymour onus
ve'yor" must go through lake on lake,
canal on canal, thread a long Canadian river, and then he clear across
the continent from where it musl go
t-' do its work. It must make the
long passage round lhe Horn, through
the straits of Magellan, or, if slides
permit, work through the Panama Canal. And then it must come clear up
tbe long  Pacific  roll to outfit in  San
��� i Francisco or 1,
Allgclo
catth
iLASKAN  STEAMER  BUILDING
IN EAST
all   human   belief.
CIRCUMSTANCES ALTER CASES
for ils Alaskan work.
Why this needless expense  of such
long and hazardous trip?   Of a truth
From the San Francisco Examiner) I this contract of Manitowoc, Wiscon-
 r���    ' 1 sin. ul a steamer to be used excbisive-
Tli-   government   of   the     United  ly in  Alaska doesn't  seem  to belong
..res  is building  for the Coasl and  to fact, but to the stage.   11 can't pass
detic Survey a steamer to be used   tbe   muster  of   common   sense,  but   ii
further surveying and charting  the   can   and  (toes   pa
llcertaill   coasts   of  our   own   Alaska.
["his steamer is to be of 1,000 tons, is
��� ���  be  appropriately  named  the  "Sur-
eyor," and is to cost $220,CCO,  i	
Now, where do you suppose the In-.      paj Cassidy  purchased.a  new   auto-
Ted States government is having that I' mobile,  and  while   still  inexperienced
in the handling "I" il he drove down
mie I-. the crowded thoroughfares of
the cily. Coming lo a crossing where
traffic was held up he lost* control o(
the car and ran squarel) into a handsome limousine. The crowd which
gathered found the situation amusing,
and to add to Pat's discomfiture the
THE CORPORATION OF-I croMillg policeman, a big Irishman,
THE   DISTRICT   OF      commenced to berate him.
SOUTH VANCOUVER   !   "si,icc when '"<- >*"" u:u" u'^v.'
 ._ a ear:" demanded the officer. ' Whats
ver name?'
"Cassidy."   answered   Pat.
"So?" said the policeman  intcrest-
- edlv.   "And where are you from?"
NOTICE   IS   HKUI'lliY   mVE.V   Uiat       ..-              ci.,,.,.- ...;,|  p.,
the fitting of the Court of Ravhrlon oM       Count-   Clan,    -am   I at.
:he Voter*' l.lm for [h�� Municipality of     "Sav" said the cop. "how  the devil
South   Vancouver   will   be   Held   lit   II"  i ..,,''.,,        ,      ,   ���
Council Chamber In tin- Munleipnl Hull,   did that fellow back into you.
orner  Fraser Street and  -1'lnl  Avenue,
n  th i  Municipality or South Vancouver, on the 10th day of December, II'I.'.! . ___���___���	
it the hour nf 10 o'clock in  the  lore- j
loon,   nnd   that   the   Court   shall   con-1
inue to sit, ir requisite, from day t" a^i-.A^,, (f |,;��� ,t,%U
day until thc Voters' Ust slinll have MtttUrntUI Vl!-lHU flU K
be-.-n corrected and revised ns required       "^ -wJ '
by law.
DATED   the   23rd  day  of  November.
;d:i-.
JAS. B. SI-niNGFOnD.
C.M.C.
' team
lor   Alaska
constructed?     1 u '
shipj
- at Seattk
or Tacoma? Noli
Then
at
the   yards
at   I,os   Angeles?
N'n!
T
���en   in   the
big  yards   at   San
Franc
iii
o.  equippet
tu turn out  any
'
I waul the car al half-paM nine
I want tlu: car he it wel or fine;
'I'h dn sonic shopping, hush! hush! hush!
i Before the buyers conic* with a rush),
If Campbell knew he'd kick up a shine
When I go shopping ai half-past nine.
1 want lhe ear at hall" past ten
Tn catch the lawyer in his den,
And get to the court before eleven
To plead my cause till half-past seven.
If Stanley knew ['d'got the auto
He'd boldly say I had no right to.
1 want the ear at half-past one
To get some lunch before it s gone;
And galivant at a' furious rate
To cool my poor, bewildered pate.
So, chaffeur, start her, quick ! quick! quick !
For Welsh lie makes me sick! sick! sick!
1 want the car al hall-past lour
To lake me to mamma once more,
Today I've had a word}' uissle
Willi lhal confounded I'.auldy  Russell.
If Russell knew I'd got the auto
He'd publish it abroad pronto.
I want thc car again this evening
To take me to ratepayers' meeting.
Where I cross swords with 1'". Gillespie,
Who. I'm afraid, is going to "best" me.
But for ihe car he'll have lo wait
Another month at any rate.
I want ynu, chaffeur, to remember,
That two weeks following December,
A worthy one ina\ he giving orders.
So do not trouble aboul boulders.
Run right over with a crash
And end lhe car in "lie big smash.
"I have no one to make me but sad. Taxes and interests
to pay and no money to come to pay."
"Have you a family?"
"In Julundra, a wife."
"Why not bring her to Vancouver?"
"Because the British says, 'Natah Singh come but not
the wife of Natah Singh.   Not a good law to make.' "
"And have you children?"
"One child."
"Only one wife?"
"Only the rich have more than one wife. I am not
rich.    My property goes for taxes."
"Why not forget past loves and marry a Canadian
wife?" This was an impertinent question. It was impolite
of me to put it to my friend, Natah Singh. But I got my
answer.
"It costs too much to keep IT," said Natah Singh.
Natah Singh would have reached India with much
gold in his pockets if he had followed his own plans four
years ago.
But he had an uncle younger than himself by name.
Baboo Singh. Then there were Takar Singh, Bela Singh
and others in a company. They induced Natah to come
in and Natah put off his journey to India, to Julundra by
Lahore, and he plunged.
Today Baboo Singh is in jail.
Takar Singh works on a farm at Ladner.
Bela Singh piles lumber in New Westminster.
Natah Singh is sad. He dreams of a little farm near
Julundra. His turban is not gay. His back hair is down.
His whiskers are longer than Felix Penne's. All the glitter
hath departed from his watch chain and his prospects.
And the taxes are eating up poor, young Natah Singh.
���G. M. M.
fc^:^'-.^.*-:':-^.':'*,,*���'
Court of Revision of the
Voters' List
"The Poor Benighted Hindu-
He Does The Best He Kin Do"
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T is many years since the bare feet of my friend, Natah
Singh, trod the public paths which lead to the city of Ju-
lundra.
Natah is land poor.
His turban is askew and his back hair is down.
His whiskers are longer than Felix Penne's.
All the glitter hath departed from the watch chain of
Natah Singh.
At that, Natah Singh is little past thirty years of age.
When I first knew him he was a rising man among his peo- i
pie.   He was their counsellor and banker.   Fifty thousand
dollars would not buy his lots.
What turbans did Natah wear in those golden days!
What fine squeaking tan shoes! What nice rubber collars!
What splendid umbrellas! How the hair was oiled and the
whisker curled!
"What are you doing, Natah Singh?"
"Like many, t am not doing," replied the forlorn former financier.
"Why don't you work?"
"Why work when nothing is for one to do?"
"Why you stay in Vancouver?"
"Like many, there is no money with which to go."
"Where is your home, Natah Singh?"
"In Julundra, fifty miles from Lahore."
"When are you going back?"
"When my property will be sold,"  said  Natah  Singh,
glumly.
"You are sad, Natah Singh?"
Do You Realize The
Possibilities Of Your
Telephone
Why has ihe telephone become so popular in
all countries? Because ii transmits the human
quality ni the human voice.
When a person is speaking over the telephone,
the tunes and accent of the voice are very distinct:
each talker recognizes instantly the voice of the
other.
That's what makes long distance telephoning
so satisfactory. ^ on know whom you are talking
to, you know your message is being received, ami
you get your answer. And all in a moment's
time.
EVERY TELEPHONE IS A LONG
DISTANCE TELEPHONE
B.C. TELEPHONE CO. LTD.
*<: a
:. I     illlli FOUK
SATURDAY   CHINOOK
SATURDAY.  DECli.MBKR  4,   19
The  Transportation  Problem
T
*     *******
THE GREAT EXPLOITATION ���
(By A. B. B.)
HE Pujo investigation, by the United States Senate
brought out very clearly that the various forces
lor
public exploitation in that country are closely interlinked with each other, and how. when occasion arises, their
community of interest and unity of action may be made formidable enemies to the economic prosperity, and even safety of the country. Financial groups or individuals, each
of which, in a general way, acts within his own sphere
may combine for the achievement of some special object
beyond the individual strength of any of them.
' Following closely the methods of the United States
in the matter of financial exploitation, we in Canada have
also our more or less well defined financial Camorra.
Symptoms of Approaching Paroxysm
The series of Canadian Northern raids on the public
resources has been so long continued that it is now possible
for the observer to discern, by certain recurring symptoms,
the approach of a fresh attack on the public resources. One
of the most watchful observers and students of our most
draining and wasting national economic disease���railway
exploitation-is the Weekly Sun of Toronto. That organ
of the Ontario agricultural interest warned its readers a
good many weeks ago of an approaching raid by the C. N.
R. interests. This warning was a most inconvenient proceeding for the Canadian Northern "financiers," who,
doubtless, were congratulating themselves that the public
was so absorbed in the war that the)* would be able to go
on maturing their plans and preparing their mines for another and sudden assault on the treasury without interruption. The Toronto Daily News, therefore, which is a sort
of mouthpiece of the Borden government, a personal organ
of the Finance Minister, and far from being an enemy of
Mackenzie & Mann, made the following declaration last
September:
From Mackenzie and Mann there is no danger.
There is hope that no further assistance to the Canadian Northern will be required. In any event the era
of public grants to railway corporations has ended.
The Sun, however, will hug its fear of further subsidies and convince itself of understandings with railway capitalists which do not exist.
To which the Sun promptly and pithily replied:
THE COMING "SHOW DOWN"
cross the table, say: "I suppose, Sir William, that no portion of the bonds ever went to help Sao Paolo, Barcelona
or Brazilian, or any of your numerous other foreign financial progeny, over a tight time?" Such an observation as
that in the midst of all the wassail and the song, and the
good cheer, would immediately identify its maker as a
boor, quite unused to the amenities of refined society���not
to speak of his ingratitude and his ignorance of his obligations as a guest.
Time and Place for All Things
No! The business of the junketeer is to junket, and to
pay by testimonial blank cheque, so to speak. He has not
to ask on what terms Sir W. Mackenzie and Sir D. Mann,
as president and vice-president of the Canadian Northern,
awarded to themselves as Mackenzie & Mann, Limited, the
contracts for the construction of the railway, nor what was
the difference between the sum received by them in the latter capacity and the cost of the railway.
His not to enquire about that $75,000,000 of common
stock; why it should have been issued, seeing it represents
no actual investment, and where the $45,000,000 not held
by the Government now is. _ __	
These and many other important cogent facts, the
iunketeers did not enquire about, not only because it would
have been rude to do so, but because they neither knew nor
care anything about such dry subjects, which, in any case.
would have been highly incogrubus cm a trip which was
otherwise not dry.
Don't Buy
For Coal!
Water
AS
^COAL
coal kept outside soaks up rain, becomes
heavy. A ton of wet coal contains less than
one ton of Aniiel's South Wellington, heat-
breeding, long-lm-ting coal kept absolutely
13KY   under wooden roofs.
Extra   large   lump���scow  just   in���  $0.50
Bet yours while it lasts, ton  	
Nut (Intense heal, long life), ton $5.50
Amlel's   firewood  cannot   be     beat���full    of
pitch   and   resin���kepi  dry���cut $4.50
green. Cordwood, 4-ft. len., per cord
Cordwood, stove lengths, $3.00
per load  	
WOOD
'ii   true
iptiiesa
A. L. AMIEL
Amiel   runs  own   trucks  and   teams���guarantees  against  mistakes-
insures you promptness.    Telephone Seymour 195 NOW!
ICE AND   li-l'KI.
1MB  MAIN STREET
"Vlult the Tarda���See for yo��r��rlf"
I-*,
Thorough Masters of Their Subject
After ten or twelve days of this "railway inspection,"
the "Parliamentary party'' arrived back in Manitoba thoroughly equipped to issue weighty opinions as to the condition of the whole C, N. R. system, its value to the'country
and to the Empire, and especially as to the colossal genius,
and the patriotism, hitherto much misunderstood, of its
projectors. Tfiere was no lack of enthusiasm about their
tributes. At the little town of Gladstone, where the first
rail of the C. N. R. was laid nearly twenty years ago, a solemn and touching scene was enacted. An address by the
"Parliamentarians" was presented to Sir William. It was
read by the "Liberal" Senator Edwards, who supplemented
it by some observations of his own. The Senator is highly
qualified to appreciate the exploits of Sir William et al.,
for he is regarded as being quite "some" 'exploiter���himself.
Also "Some" Senator
H Not one of the above statements is true. It is not
true that there is no danger from Mackenzie & Mann.
Securities of these gentlemen, whom we would hardly
call "railway capitalists" are outstanding to the amount
of about 400 millions of interest of which their own
statement shows less than five millions available from
���last year's earnings. This is a danger. . . .
It is not true that there is hope that further assistance will not be required. The whole system earned
last year fifteen millions short of the interest on ils
securities. . . .
But we believe we see influences developing '*���
both political parties which, if the public; is not alert,
'will overcome parliament when the day of decision arrives, as it did in 1914.
Iv!l I >��   -     ���
Empire Builders and Parliamentarians
Then followed the publicity or band-wagon campaign.
All sorts of influences are set a-going to convince the unwary public that in the C.N.R. it has an inestimable treasure. All sorts and conditions of men are impressed into
the service���"shrewd business men," legislators, senators,
financiers, even the judicial bench���all are employed to do
spade work in the great mining operation which is to explode under Parliament at its next session.
Parliamentarians Only Human
Under the genial gastronomic (etc.) influences of the
"-parliamentary junket," how could its members be expected to think of such things as traffic deficits? How could
it occur to them to wonder if the railway was actually needed; if it was worth anything like its bonded indebtedness
or whether the Provincial and '���"���Dominion governments
which had guaranteed hundreds of millions of its bonds
had ever been interested enough to enquire whether any
large proportion of the proceeds of the bonds had actually
gone into the railwav?   One could not, for instance, as a
One would hardly say that the Senator is the lineal
Canadian descendant of Demosthenes, nor even that he is
a polished rhetorician. But there is a hearty downrightness
about his style that is captivating. According to the report
of the Toronto Globe, he "declared the excursion to be the
most notable in the history of Canada," which was not bad
"for a starter." (Pardon these frequent lapses into the vernacular.) After a glowing rhapsody on the greatness of
the C. N. railway, and the still greater greatness of its possibilities, it evidently occurred to the Senator that there
might he room for some suspicion of invidiousness. The
report goes on:
writer, by a fortunate coincidence, happens to know ;:
great deal of "the truth" about that very bit of Sir William's
railway on which he then stood, and also about some of it-
subsequent developments. To appease, if possible, Sir
William's longing for the truth, the writer will disclose it
as well as he can, as regards the Dauphin Railway, etc. Bul
it is another story.
And ��� Oh, Yes!   The Newspapers
Then there were the newspapers.   The most alert advertising men of the great department shops have nothing
on Mackenzie & Mann's press bureau when it is a question
of securing publicity.    During the progress of the Grand
junket nearly all the papers of Canada were daily record
ing all the details of that progress and the opinions of the
Parliamentarians, as well as, in many cases, printing approving opinions of their own.   A public sentiment in favor
of the C. N. railway was sought to be built up by every device; direct and insidious.   The Toronto press, or, at least,
five out of six of the six city papers, led the march.    The
Toronto World is a Conservative paper, which professes to
be an advocate of the principle of public ownership of railways and other public utilities, but in practice is very often
found supporting private exploitations, and especially, for
some occult reason, those of Mackenzie & Mann.   It had a
special reporter on the Parliamentary Special, and the trend
of his reports, as well as of the editorial matter, may be
surmised from the heading of one of his dispatches: "Empire Builders' Train is Favored by King's Weather���Line
Marks New Era in Canadian Industry."
The Globe is said to be the chief "Liberal" organ of
Canada. It also had a saff correspondent on the Special.
His report of the Gladstone incident was headed: Fewer
Misconceptions by Parliamentarians; Trip of Special Over
C. N. R. Has Opened Their Eyes.
He had no desire to say a word deprecatory of
other transeontinentals, for they were all great.
This demonstrates that the Senator is no "knocker."
On the contrary he obviously is a typical Canadian patriot
and statesman, who believes that what Canada needs, next
to more talk, is more railways.
Emotions Painfully Tense
The climax of the episode, almost agonising in the intensity of its pathos; was reached���but one cannot trust
oneself on such emotional ground. This is how the Globe
tells it:
Sir William Mackenzie,.in acknowledging the address, after mention of the fact of the start of the road
at Gladstone, said that the railway was not understood
by the people of the East, in fact, it was very much
misunderstood. The only thing that was required,
and in a measure the railway had got that by the trip,
was an inspection of the road. "And now," he added,
"we hope that when you get home you will say what
you think of our line, and for our part we want nothing
but the truth."
Like the other poets, philosophers, and great souls of
all the Ages, Sir William finds himself caught about wilh
junketeer. while sipping Sir William's wine and talking a- that awful insatiable yearning for "the truth."   Well, the
Their Sure Defence
As was to be expected, the Toronto Daily News has
something to say about the completion of the C. N. R.
which it says in about a column and a quarter of editorial
matter. There is nothing striking in this effusion except
the last sentence, which goes a long way to explain the peculiar interest of the Toronto press in the Canadian Northern, and of its tolerant charity for some of the "peculiarities" of C. N. R. finance.    Its article ends as follows:
One thing more! Sir William Mackenzie and
Sir Donald Mann have made their own home town
(Toronto) the headquarters of their transcontinental
system.
The News is not always deft. But it must be admitted that its "one thing more!" is really very neat. What
patriotic Torontonian, according to our present ethics of
patriotism, could refuse to support the raids of the manipulators of the only railway system whose headquarters is-
in Toronto?
Serious Business Ahead
The light comedy of the "Parliamentary party" is
over. It was merely a preparatory act. The heavy work
is still to come. An indication of its nature may be had from
lhe following dispatch appearing in the Montreal Star:
Special to the Montreal Star from Our Own Correspondent
OTTAWA. November 12.���Sir William Mackenzie, president of the Canadian Northern Railway; D.
K. Hanna, vice-president; and E. R. Wood, associated with the road's financing, have been in Ottawa this
week.
Sir William has interviewed a number of thc Min-
(Cnntimicil   on   page  5) SATURDAY.   DECEMBER  4.   1915
SATURDAY    CHINOOK
FIVE
I'l HE  POOD   AMI   PROVISIONS   AT   ALMOST  COST
MAKE THIS YOUR
XMAS STORE
And you'll save ii considerable
���lim Ot money. Willi priffK the
way I hhvv them, you *:hii obtain
everyhirttf you need for Xmaa in
lhe eating line���mid plenty of It.
No need for the kiddles to ko
without their 1'uddhiK and Cake���
no need lor a nin^h- family to ko
short.   Any careful housewife can
buy here and have lull and plenty,
To buy ri^hl simply study these
prices���then  act.
JIKAT CHEAP
Suet,  nice   fresh  ground    1 ���">
Prime   Rib   Koast    1 '>
Sirloin  Roast    IS
Sausages, extra good, home made,
2   lbs 25
L#egt of Mutton  'id
Legs of Lamb    22
Fowl    20
Pure Loose Lard  15
<;no�� KitlKN   AT  YOUR   OWN
rill no My
Reg. Price
Xew I rnils. specially choice currants      12
Sultana   Raisins.  2  for  ... 25
Ralsine.  new  stock, :j pgs. 25
My
Rear, Price
Orange, Citron nnd Lemon
Peel      .30
Extracts, Prmd's Big  I   ..25 .15
Nuts, Fllherts. loc. grown
2   lbs  ,36
Walnuts.  2  lbs  .25
Xew   Prunes,   very   fine,
-I   lbs  25
Large   Prunes,   pur   Ib   ... 10
Salt,   Windsor,   ti   for   .... .25
Rolled    Oats.    P..    &    K.    . .46 ,35
Wild  Rose  Pastry Flour .45 ,35
Kgg-o   Puking   Powder   ..25 .15
Si. Charles, B.C. and Cour-
tcnay,   20   oz   tins,   3   for .25
Shredded   Cocoanut    86 .25
Vinegar,  15c. '.I  for    .25
Molasses.  10<:. 3 for  .25
Rogers 51b. Oolden Syrup 36 .HO
New  Dates,  2  pkgs  ,35
Quaker Tomatoes,   large
tins      .10
Salmon,   ti    tins      .25
Marmalade.    1-Ib.   jars    . . .15
Honey     25 .20
���lam,   5-lb.   tin    75 .55
Van   ('amp's   Pork   find
lieans,    10c,   :i    for      .25
Helnz'fl   Pork  and   Beans  15 .10
S. T. WALLACE
PURE FOOD GROCERY STORE
44   HASTINGS   STREET   WEST
THE TRANSPORTATION PROBLEM
(Continued from page 4i
isters, and rumors are again current that the company
seeks further financial assistance. The Transcontinental line was recently opened and is doing husiness, hut
financial obligations are heavy, while the revenues are
adversely affected by the war.
What Sir William is after is not known definitely.
hut it is rather common talk at Ottawa that additional
aid is needed, and that under present circumstances the
Government is looked to as the source ol such assistance. A wealth of precedent exists in support of that
course.
Both as regards the Canadian Northern and the
Grand Trunk Pacific, however, there is a well-defined
feeling that when so much public money is required to
carry on railway undertakings, the more profitable
course would he to take them over. Xo immediate development in the situation is anticipated.
Stand Fast to the Guns
It is quite true that the Government will eventually
have to take over both thc C. X. R. and the Grand Trunk
Pacific. Rut considerable "shaking out" has to he done, in
the case of the former especially, before tbe taking over
would be at all to the advantage of the people of Canada.
What the people need to sternly insist upon, in the meantime, is the absolute cessation of all further contributions
of cash or credit. Xo matter what the politicians or the
financiers may say to the contrary, this is the correct course
for the country, and if it is strictly followed it will be justified by its results. What thc country requires is, in the
vernacular of the card table, a "show-down." That is our
indispensable pre-requisite to the beginning of a new. a
decen'cr, and saner, and more profitable era of transportation history.
IN" the healthful nourishment of their hahics. the anxiety of
Vancouver mothers is much relieved by the co-operation
of tlie best equipped dairy  iu  Vancouver,  that of TURNER'S DAIRY.
Untouched bv hands���"from the farm to thc. home"���the product of clean, healthy cows. TURNER'S MILK is delivered
daily to your home pure and wholesome.
Turner's Milk Is "Best by Test"
It gained the first award over all others in the Competition
Open to All British Columbia.
ORDER YOUR SUPPLY TODAY
PHONE  FAIR. 597 AND  OUR  DRIVER WILL  CALL
TURNER'S DAIRY
SEVENTEENTH   AVENUE   AND   ONTARIO   STREET
j
The Silent Voter
THE two most absorbing topics of the present day are
first and foremost, the world-wide war. and secondly,   the South Vancouver Municipal War.
It is the latter which thc residents of this municipality
find to he of especial interest, now that polling day is again
approaching.
lu the European war every Britisher feels that success
will he attained and that no compromising and dishonorable peace concluded, because we have implicit faith in the
men who are at the head of affairs, we have confidence that
their determination and business efficiency will carry the
conflict to a successful issue, and although the toll of those
who will never return grows greater day by day, we know-
that this is the price of victory and we are prepared to pay.
But can we say that we have the same confidence in
our own municipal affairs���Xo, no���a thousand times Xo!
We have paid and are still paying the price for mal-ad-
ministration, for selfish wrongdoing, and for the actions
of an incorrigible and vindictive spirit. Many of us thought
that when the present reeve was at the head of our affairs
we should have a keen politician and business man in charge
of our home finances, but we have been deeply disappointed, we have learnt through bitter experience that in his
own language, he does not care a damn if husiness is never
done. Me allows his spiteful spirit to overwhelm his gflod
qualities every time, and we are the sufferers.
Many careless, neglectful voters cannot he held blameless for their inaction over these local matters. We have
heard them express their opinion that "all councillors arc-
alike���they are all in for what the)' can make."
We are prepared to admit lhat there may lie some truth
even in such a bald statement as this. At the same time, the
determined effort that is now being made to place at the
head of this municipality a man who can lie trusted and respected, calls for thc energies nf that most potent factor, the
silent voter.
The silent voter, he it man or woman, is. the vote which
will carry the d&y.
There are a certain number of Gobbles, both men and
females, who rave, shout or applaud any statement whether
it be true or not that their hero makes. Pet them ask their
idol a few direct questions.
Why did he not veto the resolution to pay Mr. and
Mrs. Von Kalenberg; $1500 for compensation, which had
not been awarded by arbitration? $1500 would have kept
150 families in comfort for more than a week.
Does he mean to state that he favored paying out 1500
silver dollars to the Von Kalenbergs?
lias he attended one meeting of the Patriotic War
Fund Committee? Does he mean to slate that be has any
interest in the wives and families of the men who have gone
to the front?
What rubbish it is then to placard thc .Municipal Hall
with a lot of patriotic posters when he excuses his non-
attendance at such meetings with the paltry excuse of being
too busy.
He will learn, should he venture to run again for the
reeveship, that his mad reign is finished, thai his cruel callous will is curbed at last, and that he is now an outcast
thrown on the municipal refuse heap.
Yes, he will learn that his municipal life has been terminated by the hand of the silent voter.
Hiram Walker Takes a Long Vacation
PRP^SS agencies have carried the news to all parts of
Canada that the firm of Hiram Walker and Company, whiskey manufacturers at Walkerville, Ontario, bas been forced to close down for a year "OWING
TO THE DECREASE IN BUSINESS CAUSED BY
THE PARGE ACCESSIONS TO THE NUMBER OP
NON-DRINKERS."
At least so say the newspaper reports.
It is stated in the PROVINCE that the Walker company have on hand, in the case of emergency, just the trifling amount of 8,000,000 gallons of wdiiskey.
The joke about the decrease on the whiskey business
and the accessions to the number of non-drinkers is very
crude. This statement is given out to dampen the ardor
of the prohibitionists. If the public mind were dominated
with the idea that the whiskey traffic is eliminating itself,
the work of the prohibition people would soon enough
slacken up. Hiram Walker wants to see that work slow
down a hit. It is beginning to cause him worry for the
long line of Walkers, yet unborn, who may live in ease and
wealth off the profits of the huge poison mill at Walkerville, if the country is kept wet.
It is likely that thc Walkerville distillery is shutting
up for business reasons���to make money.
Thc great concern has always been shut down three
months nut of every year. Workmen engaged there can
only depend upon nine months' employment in the yr::r.
The_\' have got ahead wit!) 8,000,000 gallons of whiskey.
'I heir barns are full ami their barrel- are bursting ��� win-
pay cm good money for wages during 1915?
There i- at Walkerville a sufficient supply of whiskey
i" keep every man in Canada blind drunk from this date until the winter is over.
There is a gallon jug for every man, woman and child
in Canada al Walker's at Walkerville.
Some ol it is twelve years old, '-Mme oi it is twenty years
old, and some of it is only a year or two old.
Though the making of the whiskey will be stopped
for a year, the sale of it from Walkerville will continue unabated. All orders will be filled and when the X,000,000
gallons are used up. a two-inch want advertisement, "Chemist wanted" will be inserted in tbe Walkerville BUGLE.
B.C. Liquor Interests Resort to
Contemptible Tactics to Gain Favor
Mr. A. M. Pound is well-known anti-liquor man, yet John
Barleycorn advertises Mr. Pound as delegate with
Whiskey People to Victoria
In the list given to the press of the people who waited
upon the Government last week on behalf of the liquor interests of the Province, the name of Mr. A. M. Pound was
given a leading place.
The Vancouver papers slated that Mr. A. M. Pound
was one of the delegates who went to Victoria with the liquor interests to fight prohibition and the reports would
lead one to believe that Mi-. Pound was one uf the stoutest
champions of the cause of the liquor people.
IT X'oW DEVELOPS THAT MR. POUND IS DI-
IIPXTPY OPPOSED To Till-: CAUSE IX THE INTERESTS OF WHICH Till-; DELEGATION WAITED UPON Till'. PREMIER.
MR. POUND IS A PROHTBITII INIST.
ill-'. 1)11) NOT VISIT VICTORIA WITH Till-*. LIQUOR PEOPLE. In fad lie has nol visited Victoria in
any connection during the past number of weeks.
Mr. Pound is in politics a strong Liberal and occupies
*i high place in the council- of the Liberal party ot British
Columbia. It is plainly to be seen thai the liquor interests
are endeavoring tu drag politic- into the issue before the
people. In submitting the name of Mr. Pound a- a liquor
man they fancy perhaps that they are drawing to them
some of the prestige of the Liberal party. In su doing they
are at least confusing the issue and raising doubl in the
minds of lhe people.
MR. A. M. POUND HAS AUTHORIZED THIS
PAPER TO SAY THAT III-*. fS ABSOLUTELY IX FAVOR OF Till-. PRINCIPLES OF PROHIBITION AXD
HAD A HAND IX DRAWING LP Till-; PROHIBIT^
FON PLANK IX THE LIBERAL PLATFORM. HI-:
HAS XO CONNECTION WHATSOEVER WITH THE.
LIQUOR INTERESTS. Ill-; FEELS THAT HE HAS
BEEX INJURED THROUGH Till*. MISREPRESENT
TATIOXS Ob" THI-'. WHISKEY PEOPLE, AXD
TRUSTS THAT HIS FRIENDS WILL NOT 111". DK-
CFIVFI) BY Till". UNTRUE AXD UNFAIR REPORTS BEING CIRCULATED BY Till-'. FORCES OE
fOHN BARLEYCORN,
ELOCUTION  CONTEST
An elocution contest will ho held
under the auspices of the Mount Pleasant W. C. T. I'., in the Ruth Morton
Memorial Church, comer 27 and Fraser Avenue, on Tuesday. December ".
at K p.m. Six young ladies will compete for the silver medal, and a good
musical programme will be provided.
Mrs. Alma Keeler has trained the
young ladies who will take part in
the contest, and an enjoyable evening is expected.
Rev. J. W'illard Litch will take the
chair.
Collection at the door.
WESTMINSTER PRESBYTERIAN
CHURCH
There will lie services both morning .nid evening at the Westminster
Presbyterian Church, Rev. J. R.
C'rai.L; will conduct boll- services.
There will be Sunday School at 2.30
as usual. Also the Ladies' Aid arc
giving aYl old-time play, entitled "The
.Minister's Bride" on the 16th of December.   1015.
A special rite uf thc evening service on Sunday will be the- unveiling
of lhe  honor roll.
SUBSCRIBE FOR THE CHINOOK
$1.00 a Year
THE   HEALTH   OF   YOUR   FAMILY
SHOULD INDUCE YOU TO
 VOTE	
FOR
SMAX and SUNLIGHT
THE BETTER BREADS
Baked of BETTER materials
In a BETTER way
In a BETTER bakery
The majority of British Columbia housewives have elected to
eat only these superior breads.
YOU WILL BENEFIT
by casting your ballot for them
SMAX   AND   SUNLIGHT
ff       THE BETTER BREADS  p-
OC Full Pound Loaves OC
HAMPTON-PINCHIN
Bakers of BETTER  BREAD
60 LANSDOWNE AVE. WEST PHONE FAIR. 443���1013 BV
six
SATURDAY    CHINOOK
SATURDAY,   DECEMBER  4.   1915
Jingle Pot
coal
ASK YOUR
NEIGHBOUR
We Sell Stove Wood
Coast Lumber & Fuel Co., Ltd.
Phone Fair. 2500    Phone High. 226    Phone Fraser 41
��� '  .      ������ *...���,-.���,:::   ;
."!��
B.C.
SEWER PIPE
We are the sole Manufacturers of
Machine-Made Concrete Sewer Pipe
in British Columbia.
The Story of a Diamond
How Little We Realise li As We See It
HERE are three chapters in the life of a diamonn!
A black man. practically a slave in the mines,
discovered    the stone, rough  and uncut.    Ile  was
searched when lie came from the mine lo make sure lhal
the precious pebble did nol go with him.
For his share, he just got enough to eat. continue to
live, and he a slave.
Then comes the representative of a great, prosperous
class, the middleman. He doesn't find it. or grind it. or
make il: he SKU,S it. And on the selling of one stone,
which takes five minutes, he makes more than the black
finder of the diamond could earn in his whole life.
Next comes the wearer, a gambler, a saloonkeeper,
some one of the numerous semi-civilized barbarians.
'Phe diamond in his necktie shines and pleases him,
helps reconcile him to his miserable shape, his watery eyes,
and in hi.s opinion lends importance to him as he struts
alone.
DOMINION GLAZED CEMENT PIPE CO., LTD.
Office: Dominion Building. Vancouver, B.C. Phone Sey. 8286
THE VERNON FEED CO.
255  BROADWAY  EAST
Hay, Grain, Flour and Feed
Our POULTRY SUPPLIES are needed for successful Poultry-raising.
Try our Special Chop with Egg Producer for cold, winter mornings.
Our complete stock includes Bone, Beef Scrap, Grit, Pratt's and John
Bull Egg-Producer, Bird Seed, Dog Biscuits.
Fraser  175
PHONES
Fairmont   186���878
Electrical  Gifts Will Give Greater Satisfaction
Light the Way to Better Business
Utili/c   the   brilliant   white   radiance  of   the  Tungsten
Lamp iir your show windows and throughout yOttr store
for the Holidays.
Take advantage 'if ��� >tir special price offers:
Size Price
25   Watt   25   Cents
40  Watt 25   Cents
60   Watt 25   Cents
A   whole  case  (100 lamps")  or a  hair  case  (SO lamps'
will he sold at 991/.
per lamp AAjC
See   display   of   these   lamps   at   our   salesrooms.
CARRALL AND HASTINGS STREETS
Phone Sey. 5000. 1138 Granville St.. near Davie
The Scenic Highway Across the Continent
THROUGH  TICKETS ISSUED
FROM VANCOUVER TO
ALL PARTS OF THE
WORLD
The Popular Route to the���
OLD COUNTRY
HAWAII
AUSTRALIA
ALASKA
CHINA AND
JAPAN
Up-to-date Train Service Between Vancouver and the East.
AH trains equipped with Standard and Tourist Sleepers.
W
J. MOE, C. P. A., 434 Hastings St., Vancouver.
C. MILLARD, D. T. A��� Vancouver.
H. W. BRODIE, Gen. Pass. Agent, Vancouver.
CENTENARY   OF  THE  LOCOMOTIVE
Just One Hundred Years since Stephenson built first engine with direct
transmission
in a diamond's history
e diamond's entire life but as a second Proved impracticable
Three chapters
them compare to th
in your life.
Millions of years before the black finder was born,
many millions of years before there was any human being
on earth, that diamond was being made of the same material that makes the coal���made of carbon combined with
great heat and terrifc pressure.
For seven millions of years one of the earth's geological
periods lasted���-the carboniferous era.
During that time grew the vegetation that made coal
and diamonds, much of its pollen falling from the huge
fern trees accumulated in layers upon the ground.
Under the big fern trees there walked a salamander.
a dreadful sort of lizard.
On each of his five feet he had the five toes from which
this black man and the jeweler and the owner of the diamond get their five toes and five fingers���according to the
scientists.
As we look at the diamond in the fat man's necktie,
we simply think, "There is a fat man with a diamond." We
do not think of the seller, of the black slave who found the
dull pebble in the African clay���much less do we think of
lhe millions of years that led up to the fat gentleman and
bis ornament.
We see things as they are, rarely ask ourselves whence
they came of what caused them.
The drunkard in the gutter is to us simply a miserable
creature. W'e do not see the suffering through which he
has passed, the poverty and disease that have hroUglii the
curse upon him.
We see the prisoner in thc cell, condemn him ami pass
on. We do not go back to his childhood, to the days before
his birth when his brain was stunted and malformed. We
know and care as little about the forces that drove him inevitably to misery and crime as we know and care about tbe
salamander that gave us five fingers and toes.
RAIL TICKETS TO ALL POINTS
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Lines
C. E. Jennejr, G. A. P. O.
Phone: Sey. 6134 527 Granville Street
LITTLE MOUNTAIN HALL
Cor. 30th Avenue and Main Street
Comfortable Hall for oubtic meetings, dances, etc., to  Let
Apply W. J. STOLLIDAY
34 32nd Avenue
PHONE: SEV. 900
MacDONALD &  HAY
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.
There is an interesting- story in everything. The feather on that hat once flew through the air, with a knowledge of aeronautics guiding it that would make thc fortunes of a thousand men.
The real seal coat on that rich woman lived in the frozen northern seas, went on long and mysterious journeys
below the ice, saw the wonderful Northern Tights and the
great icebergs. It cost her $1,000���that is all SHE knows.
Imitation seal on her servant's back, covered some
queer small animal, MUSKRAT or OTHER CREATURE.
We are at the top of the animal tribe, and we prove it
by murdering all the animals for our pleasure, as the king
formerly ruling this black diamond finder used to murder
for HIS pleasure.
On our feet we have the skin of a calf.
In woman's silk dress we have the insides spun out of
the silk worm.
Our coat is stolen from the sheep, the buttons are made
of some animal's bones, women's waists are squeezed tight
with the bones that come out of the whale's mouth���the
whalebone sieve with which he catches the little creatures
on which he lives.
Wearing the feathers, the fur. the hide, the ivory of
thc other animals, and eating their flesh, we are a queer
race calling ourselves civilized.
We arc not justified in our contempt for the fat gentleman who likes to see a diamond sparkle below his third
chin.   We are not much more civilized than he.
This year of 1915 is the centenary
year nf the completion (if the first
locomotive t" be operated upon a railroad by direct transmission of power
to the driving wheels as locomotives
are driven today. It is just Hill years
since George Stephenson, father of
the locomotive, finished the Hilly No.
1 and put it into operation at the Kil-
lingworth colliery, near. Newcastle.
England, where it continued in service
for more than forty years. The Hilly
Xo. 1 was the direct ancestor of all
the illustrious lines of locomotives
which during the last century have
brought civilization and commerce and
agriculture to formerly uninliahitatcd
spaces of the earth.
Stephenson had, the year before the
completion of the Hilly No. 1, constructed a first engine, the Blucher,
which had succeeded in drawing eight
loaded wagons of thirty tons each at
four miles an hour on smooth rails.
Hut this engine transmitted ils power by means of spur wheels, a meth-
all   three   oflod   which   limited   speed   and   finally
Then came the
Hilly No. 1 and with that creation
there was born into the world the er:1.
of railroading.
The fact that this is the centenary
of this important event in civilization's
history���a fact which seems to havi
been generally overlooked a.< (a? as
public comment on celebration is
concerned���is brought to tlie .'.million
of part of the American public by the
Erie railroad, which is distributing
souvenir booklets showing by pictures
the evolution of the locpmofve from
the Hilly No. 1 to the Matt I1. Shay,
the largest locomotive in the .",||
today.
Just how far the locomotive has
progressed in 100 years may he seen
from a comparison , t  (lie huoii.otive
of 1815 and that of 1915. The Billy
N'o. 1 had a length of nine feet, a
weight of four tons, and its hauling
capacity was ten wagons, with a total
weight of 8,000 pounds. The Hilly
No. 1 had four driving wheels of
twenty-four inch diameter.
The Malt II. Shay has a length of
106 feet, a weight of 410 tons, and its
hauling capacity is 6-10 gondola cars,
with a total weight of OO.Olill.On) lhs.
The Shay has twenty-four driving
wheels of sixty-three inch diameter,
If the Shay were put at the head of a
train of its maximum capacity. 640
cars, the train would be four and
three-quarters miles long. The engine has never been called upon to
do this work, but il has actually
hauled 251 fully loaded gondola cars.
the weight of the train being 35,-
284.000 pounds, at a speed of fifteen
miles an hour. The Shay is operated
by the l-'.rie in its pusher service between Susquehanna and Deposit. X.
Y.. on a heavy grade. It is a locomotive of the triplex- compound type,
combining three complete engines in
one  locomotive unit.
One of the most powerful passenger locomotives of 1015 is owned by
the Missouri Pacific. It is of the
mountain type and weighs 296,001
pounds. It can take a train of !,-
640.CC0 pounds up a grade of more
than   100 feet  lo lhe  mile.
In Europe the largest passenger locomotive is the Baltic, operated by the
Chcmin de Per du \ord ol Prance.
lis  weight  is 225,000 pounds.
From such contemporary monsters
il is a long way lo the Hilly N'o. 1.
yet these titans would mil exist had it
not been for the success of the principles embodied in the Stephenson pygmy, The direct transmission of po-
wer to the driving wheels in the Hilly
No. 1,however���and this is what gives
thc Hilly its proud distinction in tbe
world of the rail���was a change made
after the locomotive was actually com.
pleted. At first it had a chain gear,
but this was speedily found to he little
better than the spur-wheel principle
of the Blucher. and Stephenson then
discarded the chain gear for a method
by which the motion was carried by
means of connecting rods ami cranks
with hall and socket joints. The engine was patented iu 1815. as soon as
the change was made.
StepKehSoti was a mine foreman in
the Killingwnrth colliery when he began his experiments in engine building. He was born in 1781. When he
���was 18 he could nol write his name.
Following the great achievement of
thc Hilly, other experimenters in the
railroad world left the field of locomotion and his invention to Steplwn-
son and his son,,Robert. In 1820 the
Stephensons were awarded thc $2,500
prize offered by the Liverpool and
Manchester railroad for a thoroughly
practical machine capable of carrying
passengers. In this widely heralded
competition four other locomotives
were entered, but the Stephenson engine, the Rocket, was the only one to
complete the run in accordance with
the conditions.
The Rocket was a four wheeled 1 ������������
front and the rear trailing wheels just
behind the firebox-. It obtained its
steaming power by the Use of a multitubular horizontal boiler, having an
exhaust steam hlafl pipe in the chimney. The Rocket weighed ahom four
and one-half tons, and on trial ol,.
lained a s\n eil of 20 miles an hour. It
was the first locomotive which attained any such degree of speed.
As early as 1802 Richard Trevitliick
constructed a locomotive which actually hauled a load upon a cast-iron
tramway. Like Stephenson, he used
smooth   wheels  running  on   smooth
rails.  Inn   the  machine  was   finally a-
landoned as a practical failure.
The smooth wheel was discarded
ten years later by Matthew Murray,
who constructed an engine for colliery purposes which was propelled
hy cogwheels engaging a rack rail extending alongside the running rails.
The cogwheel principle wa- carried
oul somewhat differently by William
llcdley in 1813. lu his engine the
motion was transmitted fr< in tie cylinder lo the axles hy a series of cogwheels arranged something like a
watch.
These experiments in engine building aroused a great deal of interest,
but, like Stephenson's first effort, they
did no! stand the test of hard service,
and it was not until he discovered the
[principle of direct transmission oK
motion to the driving wheels by means
of c inneciing rods that tiie locomotive
became a thing of practicability;
It "Was in the year nf tiie great com-
i petition. 1820. that the first locomotive came to America. This engine
was a queer contrivance called the
Stourbridge Lion. It wa- brought
over from England and put into operation by Horatio Allen, who later
became president of the old New
York and l-'.rie railroad. Mr. Allen
was one of a small group of far-sighted men who were convinced of the
possibilities that lay in thc "iron
horse." as the locomotive was then
called, and it was not long before
he became interested in the efforts of
American inventors who were already
experimenting with the new contrivance.
Peter Cooper designed the first locomotive |,i be built ill America. It
was a diminutive machine, weighing
about a ton. named the Tom Thumb,
|and it was run once or twice only in
18.10.   for   purposes   of  demonstration,
on the Baltimore and Ohio railroad,
at   thai   tims   in   the   early   stages   of
construction.
In the YiO's highly decorated engines found favor iu this country.
Polished brass and elaborate scroll
work were used on both engines and
tenders. One of the finest locomotives
of the decorative period was the Jay
Could, built about 1870 for the financier's personal use. It had tiie state
seals of Xew York and New Jersey
emblazoned on the tender, while a
silver-framed portrait of Mr. Gould
was placed between the driving-
wheels. In later years this gorgeous
private locomotive was reduced to the
level of a common freight engine. H
was painted white and hauled, freight
cars on the Erie for some time, being
known up and down the line as the
Gray Marc.
In the seventies coal came into general use as fuel for locomptives, and
after that vast improvements in locomotive construction were made. In
the early eighties air brakes were put
in  widespread operation.
The first American railroad to be
actually  opened   for    operation    by
steam was the Baltimore it Ohio,
which had a section open for general
traffic as early as 18.10. although the
road was not completed until 1852.
The firsl great trunk line, connecting
lh. East ami West, was the Erie,
which was opened in part for general
traffic in 1841. and was completed in
1851.
Railroads were then built in all
directions, and today the United
States has in operation more than
200,000 miles of track. Last year
there were carried over these tracks
one billion passengers and more than
two billions of freight. There were
employed on American railroads 1,-
735.0(H) persons, the pay roll being over $1,400,000,000 annually.
At the present time there are in
the United States approximately 64,-
000 locomotives, of which 14.000 are
passenger. 33.000 freight and the rest
unclassified. The total number of cars
on United States railroads is approximately $l7.000.C!X),ITi>.
BOY  ALWAYS  HAS STRING
The story is told that there was a
bail accident in the street of a big
city. A surgeon happened to be at tbe
spot and was soon rendering first aid.
Ile did not have his medicine kit with
him. He needed Something, and needed it quickly. "Hoy." he said, to fl
youngster in the crowd, "hand me that
string out of your pocket." And the
string was forthcoming. "How djd
you know that that boy had a string
in his pocket?" asked a spectator \\-
ter. "Why every real boy carriers
comotive with  thc  driving wheels  in j string in his pocket." said the surgeon SATURDAY,   DECEMBER   4.   1915
SATURDAY   CHINOOK
SEVEN
y
���
a
\m&���������.'���'    "vPrr" ..':' '���     ������;������:<��������������� ���'<���������  :*;n:n
THE NEW CANADA
How We are Learning from a World-War That a  Nation
Made by  Dividends
Not
��ii!iiliii!:< \*\
���    By Augustus Bridle
About fifteen years ago there was a
preacher in a big downtown church
in Toronto who. in giving a sermon
to one of the garrison regiments, made
a prediction:
That Canada never would be a nation  without a baptism of blood.
The statement was never quite explained. It was one of those vague
utterances that once in a while get
the character of inspiration. But it
was not popular. Nobody at that
time wanted to contemplate bloody
conflicts and the sacrifice of thousands of lives. Canada was just at the
dawn of the twentieth century, which
was grandiloquently said to belong to
Canada. We were just past thc Boer
War. Immigrants were beginning to
come from Europe and the United
' States by hundreds of thousands in a
year. A second transcontinental railway was beginning and a third was
being put on the programme. The
new West was opening up. Great
water-powers were being developed.
Immense new areas of raw- materials
nickel, copper, iron ore, gold, silver,
coal and other minerals were being
exploited. The Klondike and the Soo
were still in the imagination. Canada
had a huge work to do; such a programme of national expansion as never before confronted a nation of
small population and almost cosmic
geography. There was room in this
country for all the millions of producers that could be brought in from
older countries. There was work for
them all. Ajld there was no time for
war. War was over. The prosperity
of Canada depended upon an era of
peace.
It would have needed a pretty
gloomy ��� Jeremiah to tell the people
of Canada in those days that in fifteen years, just as Canada was coming to the end of the first greal part
of her new national programme, the
railway epoch, the country would stop
building new railways, stop bringing
in immigrants from Europe and he-
gin to send out armies, quit borrowing money in England, cease to enlarge factories, and to build up big
business, and put a large part uf her
mercantile marine at the disposal ol
the British Admiralty. Nobody wanted to imagine even a slighl interruption to thc glorious crescendo ol
prosperity built upon peace, which
most people in this hemisphere imagined had come to stay.
Blind  Optimism
Thc blind optimist believed that so
long as the country was building railways, enlarging factories, pumping in
immigrants, expanding crop areas and
flinging new towns on the map, there
never could come an era of economic
depression in his lifetime a't least.
The crooked-eyed booster was ready
to subdivide any part of Canada outside of the Arctic Circle al so much
a foot. The smug club financier reconstructed our national finances over
whiskies and sodas. The parish politician juggled with national issues as
babies play with bricks. The tinpot
martinet cut a fine figure it Sunday
parades and talked about our local
militia as though it were an army
ready to take the field. And the national dreamer predicted that some
day Canada would become the centre
of Empire���by spending milii ns.
Most of these people arc gone now.
Sonic of them have gone to the front,
The rest of them are rJ"intr fv.uuj;
into the new Canada of w ir'.r! impulses, world economics and n'ttini.al
self-help. The blind booster has become an enthusiast for a just 'v.ir.l
In a little more than a year there bas
begun to come a bigger change in this
country than anything that ever developed in the first ten years of "Canada's  century."
But at least a year before the war
the reaction was under way. Subdiv-
isionism and population-padding- were
becoming as dangerous as bombs.
Banks were putting on the brakes.
Factory-owners ceased to enlarge
their plants and wondered how they
should keep the plants they had busy-
on orders. Merchants began to reduce their selling and buying staffs���
because their customers no longer
bought without regard to the aggregate cost. Consumers generally began to go slow. People who used
to occupy ten-roomed houses at forty dollars a month discretely pulled
out and took flats at a lower rent.
People who had bought houses on the
instalment plan began to dicker !:���>���'.*
to pay interest without touching thc
principal. Speculators who wc-e fed
up on land, either occupied oi vacant, found themselves unable to unload and began to scrimp iu order to
pay taxes. There is a lanfl-ow ner in
Toronto,  for  instance,  who paid  this
on    property-
is   entirely   n"
name  of   that
economized. Everybody as far as
possible increased production. How
this P. and p. movement got hold of
the people even in cities and town-
was well illustrated by the back t ���
the land movement in centres of population. In Toronto alone several bun-
possible un- dreds of acres of vacant lot��� were
tlipped      Ihis'turned   into   vegetable  gardens.   What
year  $25,000   in   taxe
two-thirds   of   which
productive.     And   the
man is���Legion.
Pages might be filled with signs
of the times to show how the eight
millions of people scattered over a
vast empire of land more or less grid-
ironed with new railways, began long
before the war to adjust themselves
to a new order of things which they
felt sure was coming; in fact, had already come. And it was the basic fact
that in the last analysis even the bugaboo of prosperity can't fool all the t|ons
people all the time, that made it possible for this country to gather itself
together during the past twelve
months and grapple with a new set of
conditions.
When the war broke out, almost
overnight, we had to scramble into
war togs and start to think and act
war. In twenty-four hours our banking machinery went out of gear. War
had chucked a monkey-wrench into
the works. The banks must adju.lt
themselves. International    credits
were   knocked   on   the   head.     Trade
be estimated. By government methods ol purchasing supplies, in vogue
up till half our present army had been
mobilized, it cost on an average not
less than $1,000 lo pm . very man into lhe field and to pay Ins wages nf
a dollar a day for one year. Wilh an
army ,i 200,000 as fai
der   anus   and   fully
means a cost of $200,000,000. Reor-lthe townspeople did in little tlu- farm-
ganized purchasing machinery has ers by a more or less concerted effort
since lowered the average cost. Hut did in large. Especially in the West
the aggregate cost nf our army of the acreage under crop was increased
anywhere under 300,000 men runs in-! by a large percentage. Those who did
to hundreds of million, of actual out-[not increase acreage intensified culti-
lay to get men into the field and to ivation. Prom both sources, aided by-
pay their wages on service. That,la season of unusually good weather,
again, twelve months ago. would have the total aggregate of wheat in the
been incredible. western   provinces   mounted   by   the
Bul that is not all of the army cost,  most   recent   estimates   to  300,000,000
Every   man   taken   from   civilian   life  bushels,  which  is about 90.000.000 Inland into the army is a man taken from : shels more than the highest yield on
some    form   of   productive      employ-   record before   1915.
ment and diverted  to the business of j
consuming food, clothing, and niuni-j
rks of absolute  destruc-        ,       , ,
predicted   twelve   months   ago   would
The  Farmer
An Aspiration of Thanksgiving
Charles Kleiscl
Leader The Sunday Commons, Boston,
in ihe Fra Magazine
T
ii*. !���*
And
National  Self-Help
even   this  one   item
ilone   if
tion. If the average economic value
of an English soldier, as estimated
by Mr. Arthur Balfour, is $600 a
year, at Canadian rates of wages the
average economic value of a Canadian soldier at peace industry is nearer $1.(X10. The economic value of a
Canadian army of 200,000 men is
therefore not'less than $175,000,000 a
year. Therefore, the total cost of
our army abroad, quite independent
of the food and the munitions they
consume���which arc paid for by Great
i Britain���means   not  less   than   $375.
r"""*s "''���"��� " ;m/l"''    ''-'"'ivaiion mm  a   year     And  tha,   item   of
arithmetic
was suddenly cut off. Foreign borrowings for the creation of more railways ceased automatically. Municipal bonds had to go begging elsewhere than in London for sale. Municipal works were interrupted. Government works, except those of the
most immediately necessary character, were stopped. Most of our railway army of navvies struck camp and
look to ihe cities. Our centres of
population began to glut with unemployed men. Real estate experts,
who before the war still hung grimly
on iu a last hope, pulled down the
blinds. Land quit changing hands.
Rents vvenl down. Taxes went up.
Some prices began lo rise. Factories
ran undertime or closed for a period.
Staffs in offices, stores and shops
were cut down; sonic wages and salaries were reduced; men did more
work for less pay: luxuries were curtailed; simple living began lo be a
habit. In a few months we had executed   almost  a   military  right   turn
year.
put before thel average
Canadian twelve months ago would
have staggered the imagination.
In order to pay the interest on the
war loans necessary to cover this
mammoth expenditure, the people ot
Canada have been submitted to various forms of war taxes, both federal
and provincial. Xo tax was ever less
unpopular.
Corporate and more or less organized benevolence was in tbe field long
before our first contingent landed in
England.    Every province made a sep
arate
stuffs
donate
genera
mini'
has
sever
year
Fund
terl
111
ur e*
momv.
nan
were
Paying Out An Army
\fter our garrison regiment
responded to the first call, we
confronted with tlie problem of recruiting. It began to dawn upon us
thai the war which bad throttled Europe, was also getting as near as possible a stranglehold on lhe world and
was already gripping the economic
system as well as lhe patriotic senli-
nunt of Canada. In the South African War we had sen! a lew thousand
men entirely at the expense of England for tlie sake of a vague Imperial
sentiment. Hut the army we began
to organize from our civilian population in 1914 was to be an army orgaltf
ized, equipped and sent abroad at our
own expense. Ilovv big, an army.-it
would   ultimately  become none' of  lis
gifl of various !���
and the Canadia
d one million ha*.
I Patriotic Fund was organized
e care of the families of Can-
soldiers. This fund raised a
i dollars iu a lew weeks. It
incc multiplied the amount to
1 millions, and for the comin.;
i i- estimated that the Patriotic
will need to be led to lhe cx-
i $9,CdO,C00.
The Red Cross Fund ha; been organized with lOcaT Units in aim
every town and village in Canada.
That also has raised millions. The recent campaign culminating ill Trafalgar Day netted the Fund $1,500,OM
from  Ontario  alone.
Organizing Benevolence
Many other funds have been maintained and. are still being maintained
by numerous societies. Churches,
lodges, clubs, municipalities, societies
of one sort or another, have all levied tribute upon iheir respective sections of the public for war benevolences: W'e have never yet beard the
song, "Pay. Pay, Pay'!'' in this war.
The public have paid and are still paying and expect to go , u paying
cheerfully and without theatrical incitements   to   do   their   duty.     Cana-
have been relegated to thc Tales of
the Arabian Nights. It was found
that under stress of necessity and a
high form of self-interest, people at
large could co-ordinate their own efforts into increased production. National self-help in agriculture, indus-
| try. war machinery and benevolences
became  the  national by-word.
Then came thc other side of the
problem���how could the more or less
organized industrial machinery of
this country become a part of the
general war machine for the supply
of munitions. It had already been
demonstrated that we could furnish
men and foodstuffs. The men were
a direct charge on the country; tlie
foodstuffs would he sold abroad and
at the same time help the cause of
the  Empire.
Hut  ii  was mumbled by somebody
less   than   a   year   ago���that   Canada
might   make   munitions   of   war.   Had
anybody  mentioned  such  a  thing  to
the average M.  P. or lhe average man
of big business Ihc reply would have
been   loo  scornful for utterance.     To
ds   of   food-1 be sure we had a rifle factory al Quc-
(', ivemmeilt  bee, and  tin-   Ross rifle wc  were ptlt-
of flour.    A   ting into lhe hands of our men at the
nt was by many supposed t i be the
al   least   the   average   rifle
ervicc.    Hill we began lo discover���along  with  England���that the
great   war   was  nol   essentially   a   war
of rifles.     Il  was t> a great extent a
war ol" machine guns.    It was t" a still
-'more  colossal  extent a  war  if shells
land of high explosives.   Germans bail
-blasted   their   way  into   Belgium  and
11 France.     Unable   to" go   further   ihey
i.! had  dug  themselves  in   with   concrete
- i and steel trenches and must be blast-
:qual
iscd <
���armer is ihe true type of the I luinan Creator.
le says. "Let there he!"���and there is.   The harvest is fruit of his will and his work.
Tn him whn meets the first uf human needs���the need
for loud���he thanks and praise!
Onr thanksgiving is tu the Parmer, the glad carrier of
the classic curse; that man shall earn his bread hy the sweat
of hi.s brow.
< )t all the forms and phases of "culture," lhe most serviceable to man is Agriculture. Blessings upon him who
tills the soil and with wisdom woos Nature, winning from
her willing hand the sustenance which feeds us all and
makes us. by these material means, partakers of the universal life.
For our food is not gross. It throbs wilh the creative
warmth of the everlasting fires. It brings lo our beings
the vitalizing thrill of the central Sun.
In ihe highest sense. Food is Life -
means to More Life.
And still more thanks to the Farmer
bol of man's oneness with Nature.
The lavish horn of Autumn pictures her potential fertility, indeed. But also man blows therewith a blast of
triumph. The harvest proclaims man's success in making
himself at home on earth���the while he knows himself to
he both servant and master nf the elemental forces, wilh
which he is at one,
Thanks, thanks tu thee, ( �� Farmer!���thou who arejthe
primal workman and provider!
The wholesome fruit nf thy holy toil is not visible
alone, hut thought fur the mind and inspiration tn the
as we I
lie is
the
he svm-
!< ii ol
������un**.
tlu
he thing that's wrung
farmer finds im encou:
wiih British Colum
aeement within our
ua is that
borders;
Nature places before the farmer in tin'- beautiful British
ided land
Lohunhia obstacles in the
with poor trails leading tu
nature ol heavily
it.
ed  mil
tgatn.
Tbe
irecise  story of how   C;
nana
change
in a few months from a
land
of  peav
e  lactones turning  i ut
tbout
'   Man add
$1.21:1.1
mal   ve
10,0 ii worth of goods in :
ir.   to  a  land  of  war   fac
nor-
ories
farmer and
already
scheduled  to  turn   mu
war
i'.nii and in
orders
totalling $500,000,100,    is
1   10
too often hi
to Nature's obstacles
thc land barbed wire
lated valuation,    liriti*
by putting between ihe
entanglements of ta.xa-
h Columbia farmer-; are
knew;  we  do  not know .yet,    Wrljri bijans discovered--a'most suddenly thai
Sir John   French and  Sir   Ian   Eprffif   the   aggregate   of   money   capable   of
ton at different limes inspected' itwf
overseas forces, we were given to tlji*
derstand that in any war which niignit
arise we might he expected to send
abroad one army division���2i).(KI0 inwv,
in 1914.we had 33.1KX1 in camp andj$(j
far as possible in khaki and under
arms at  Valcartier.
What would this initial army ./if
.3.1.1)00 men cost? What- would l<&\
000 men under arms cost? WjR)
would our army cost if.it got to 208.-
000���which of course it never coitjjtK
for the war would be over befor-t-the
need from Canada went so high? We
did not know. Wc are now beginning
to know what an army of 200,000 will
cost this country, for vve already have
that much of an army enlisted -at
home, in England and on the continent of Europe. That is, within fifteen months of the outbreak of war
Canada has put out of its civilian population, and as far as possible into
the field, as many men as the entire
Hritish army in South Africa at the
time of the Boer War.
This, we may be pardoned for believing, is remarkable. In any case
it is quite incredible���but for the fact
that we have done it: and the end
is not yet,, may be in fact only beginning.
To get that army of 200,000���mainly civilians���into khaki and under
arms meant a huge expenditure of
money. An emergency session of
Parliament on August 18th, 1914. voted a war credit of $50,000,000. That
was only the beginning. At the last
regular session of Parliament the war
loan was increased to $150,000,000.
And that is by no means the end.
The Cost of our Army
What the Canadian army is really-
costing and will cost the country can
the aggregate of money
being dug up from the pockets of the
people fin' benevolent purposes was no
small amount. What people had been
in the habit of handing out for extra
lie'ne.Voleiices to themselves in tlie
fiir-m of luxuries, they found it quitl
as easy, and much more inspiring to
hand out for to get comforts for
othvr  people  elsewhere.
Before our first contingent landed
at Plymouth, Canada began to organ-
i/e-'a movement intended, as far as
possible,! '" k.eel> "Business as usual,"
which was the slogan of the Hritish
public for months after the war began, but has since changed to something else. The made-in-Cauada campaign was launched in the newspapers
by the Canadian Manufacturers' Association. The campaign was expected to convince Canadians that money
spent for goods made by Canadians
was a form of national economy that
would turn an era of trade depression into a time of prosperity. The
movement was somewhat sentimental,
but its basic economy was sound and
its results beneficial. If Canadians
could not be induced by a mere patriotic appeal to buy Canadian goods.
they could be persuaded on the
grounds of national prosperity. And
to a greater extent they were acted
on from both motives.
Similar in idea and even more spectacular in its appeal was the Patriotism and Production campaign, inaugurated by the Department of Agriculture at Ottawa and supported by provincial departments of agriculture
and farmers' associations all over the
country. As Minister of Finance.
Tom White pointed out not long ago
in Toronto, Canadians found that it
was possible both to economize and
to   increase   production.     Everybody
much a matter of detail behind tlie
curtain to be told here. For the past
ten months ibis country has been as;
much interested in the problem oi
how to make shells for the British
army as it used to be in bow to build
transcontinental railways. This again I
was some revolution.
When Mr. Charles M. Schwab in
England at thc outbreak of war. got
track of tremendous orders for munitions to be made in the United
States, he included in his programme
the* manufacture of a fleet oi submarines to operate against the under-
seas navy of Germany, Bul the neutrality declaration of the United
States expressly made it impossible |
for Mr. Schwab or anybody else under
the American flag to make one submarine or any other such "unit of
war" and ship it to the Mlies or any
of thc beligerent countries.
He visited the Vickers - Maxim
British-Canadian works at Montreal.
In a very short time while a fleet of
submarines, perfectly equipped units
of war, was being made on Canadian
soil under the Hritish flag, more or
less assembled from parts made in the
United States, ready to go abroad on
war business.
When the Curtiss Aviation School.
said to be the biggest in the
world, was started in Toronto, it was
forced there for the same reason that
Schwab sent his submarines into Canada. But the school was useless without the air machines. The air machines must be made. And they were
made, are now being made by Canadian workmen from Canadian material, in Canada���for the sake of Canada's practical contribution to the
machinery of war.
nu often blockaded from British Columbia markets.
'   The day is dawning when all thing
in British Columbia will be changed.
relating to the land
1   British Columbia's pauperism will disappear when the
people turn to the land for their food.
. ' 1
A. V._LEW1S
Painting  Contractor
4450    COMMERCIAL    STREET
Phone Fairmont 1314 R
IlllliiaiiilllillillilH!
DREAMLAND
THEATRE
ALL THE BEST IN MOTION PICTURES
Corner Twenty-Sixth Avenue
and Main Street
iillllllHIPil
IJ'il li!:'
i��!
.*i!;|ii|i^::il��|l|l'B.|li.!.!|i��"iilll;l;!l!:i!''''lii.!
FAIRMONT
THEATRE
Eighteenth Avenue and
Main Street
%
NEW FEATURES TWICE WEEKLY
v;m
Three Blocks South of
Municipal Hall
SOUTH HILL PALACE
OF VARIETIES
Complete Change Monday, Tuesday Wednesday
Friday and Saturday
i'liite
i:*i��i.liHl!
i 'I X?���myi^FT"f
EICHT
SATURDAY   CHINOOK
-VTL"KI)AV,   DECEMBER   4,   1915
Toppy
Here's Something
in the way of
A New Lid!
THE Xew High Crown Fedora
or the Xew Telescope Top
���hoth the very smartest
lids to hit the town this
season. A great assortment of colors ��� the new shade
green, black, shades of brown, new
blue shades, light and dark grey.
The rims are either stitched or
hound ��� the latest ideas ��� and the
ribbons match.
Paradise Lost
T
This lid is best value.   It would cost you at
least $3 anywhere else.   Priced here	
$2
WM. DICK Limited
33, 47-49 HASTINGS EAST
"Your Money's
Worth or Your
Money  Back"
I
j
Him;
'      '      '                    '                                              V          ,                      '
Excelsior Life Insurance Company
HEAD OFFICE:  TORONTO
A strictly Canadian Company, with a twenty-five year
honorable record.
DAVID FASKIN. M.A., President. Toronto
F. J. GILLESPIE,      -      Manager for British Columbia
OFFICES:   514-515 VANCOUVER BLOCK
iiili!llilliiii|i|||illlliil|!'l��llll!l��ll!i!liiill!ll!;*!ii.      :   :!H1MIHli!irtnMMIhi!i:ni:iSHII!IMihi!ii<UllS!l:Si;!ilEiHI!iTMlNU[llil!;!i!!l��!]Tir!lMil!!llili!Mi;Mifilllli:nmil!f!
SPECIAL NUT
COAL
$5��=^
MIDDLESBORO B.C. COAL can now be had at a Special Nut
Price of $5.00 a ton.
This is the clean, heat-producing, long-burning coal that leaves
no clinkers and almost no ashes.
IT IS MINED AND DELIVERED BY
BRITISH COLUMBIA WHITE MEN
Direct from the mine to the consumer.
Middlesboro Collieries Ltd.
1440 GRANVILLE STREET
PHONE SEY. 1003
HUGH CAMERON,
LOCAL MANAGER
    CLEAN,     RICH     AND      WHOLESOME   	
Vancouver Creamery Butter
Made under scientific conditions in a clean dairy where only
pure sweet cream and ingredients are used, and where every
caution is taken to guard against impurities. You'll enjoy
VANCOUVER CREAMERY BUTTER because in addition
to its quality it has a rich, natural butter flavor. Try a pound
today.
YOUR     GROCER       HAS     IT
II r
ASK      HIM
WMammmfflmLWWmmwm.
Champion & White
Best South Wellington Coal
DELIVERED SOUTH OF BODWELL ROAD
Lump $6.50       Nut $5.50
il
PHONE 9570
1083 MAIN STREET
liiiiDUiiniiiiiiiiiiwiiliiiiiiiiiiiii
() starve- in the midst of plenty is certainly nut a con
summation devoutly to he wished. Yet thousands
today are grimly facing such a possibility in the natural Paradise of Hritish Columbia. The bulging wealth ol*
mine, river and forest, yearning for harvesting is held behind shameful bars of official cnthraldom while legions of
willing harvesters with empty stomachs can only view and
groan.
Happy Alberta and Saskatchewan with pointing fingers scornfully deride us, while redempted Manitoba smiles
a prodigal's triumph. Three hundred thousand helpless
souls in Uf-itish Columbia are circumvented from the enjoyment of their heritage by the indifference of 39,522 legalized directors of the country's weal, whose names were inscribed on the directorate of the Province in 1911.
Of 83,081 names on the voters' list at the last general
election, but 43,559 registered their vote. 39,522 or 48 per
cent, of the whole number did npt vote.
This is why there are bread lines in the Province. A
heavy responsibility indeed rests on th6.se who refuse to
exercise their franchise, for they are direct contributors to
political bossism. By their disinterestedness in public affairs and the calibre of the men seeking public office, they
put into the hands of the few the power of dominating the
country by systematic intrigue and organization.
In Europe today, armies of ��00,000 men work with mathematical precision under the control of one man, as the
result of perfect organization, or in other words, a machine. Today in British Columbia 30,000 men under a genius of political organization, work with the same mathematical precision and control the destinies of the people.
Genius is masterful whether'it be employed in right or
wrong. Our prisons contain many genii whose talents if
they had been turned toward good rather than evil would
have added to the glory of our annals. A genius once lived
in the City of New York and as the result of his misapplied
talents, a political power arorse, called Tammany, which
for the day was the most corrupt political power the world
had known. It has since been excelled a la Manitoba and
British Columbia. Today Tammany in New York is smashed. The people made the attempt and united strength won
out.
No one is so small or of so little account in the world
that his effort of reform will not add to the weight of the
whole. Under British rule a country is what the people
make it. If they refuse to make it, then a few will unmake
it. Every citizen of a country is in duty bound by that citizenship to protect and guard that country. If he refuse the
franchise should be denied'him.
British Columbia has long suffered from maladministration.
Her choicest lands has been misalienated.
The wealth of her mines is held by powerful trusts,
and the safety of the mine workers grossly disregarded.
Fishery concessions have been sold with a 100 per cent,
preference to members of parliament.
Timber limits have been bartered to political favorites.
Financial institutions have been undermined and millions of money squandered on corporate enterprises.
Cabinet ministers have violated the trusts of offices by
trafficking under the influence of their portfolios, and constituted practices of State have been blown to the winds.
Elections have been announced and cancelled making
a burlesque of our constitution.
There are 300,000 people in the province today who
have not the right of franchise from sex, short residence
or minority age, constantly praying that the men of their
province will prove their manhood by rising in strength
at the next election and hurl into oblivion the spoilers of
their fair countryr and thus regain for them a Paradise
Lost.
A.E. C.
VICTORIAN   ORDER   OF
NURSES
The   regular  monthly   meeting  "f
ihe Simth Vancouver Victorian Order
of   Nurses   will  he   held  at   the   home
of .Mrs, Levvington, S32S Elgin St.,
mi Thursday afternoon, December 7,
at the usual hour,
A   good  attendance  of  members  is
requested.
MR. RALPH SMITH CONTINUES
SATIRICAL ATTACK
Mr. Ralph Smith at the request of
the South Vancouver Laurier Club
made his speech on Mr. Welch's business government His speech has
made a Itrong impression on the public mind against the government which
ordinary discussion does not always
produce, not only so, but he bas disclosed a gift which few peoele ever
suspected he had. It has always been
noticeable that he never makes the
same speech twice, but no one ever
thought that he possessed any talent
for sarcasm, and presents it with a
smoothness which increases its force.
Not only so but be has the wonderful skill of directing it just where it
will bc most effectively felt. Mr.
Welch, one of the Tory candidates
for Vancouver city, gave Mr. Smith a
chance to display an unknown gift
not only so, but of proving that he
has the skill of picking his man. lie
certainly has got Mr. Welch's goat,
and if Welch continues to talk he
will get his political carcase. This
speech should be printed and distributed throughout the Province, for
it certainly has appealed to thc public
imagination. He spoke at thc Laurier
Club on the subject on Thursday
night. The CHINOOK has already
printed a synopsis of thc speech, hut
it contained some flashes which are
worth remembering, such as thc following:���
':I am not criticising Mr. Welch. 1
am criticising his public utterances,
but he evidently does not think they
are worthy of notice.
"Mr. Welch may find that while he
is anxious to keep up tbe fortunes of
a bad government, he may be in dan
ger of shaking his own.
"I would have expected that a
business man would have answered
argument instead of throwing mud.
lie owes it to the public to answer
his opponent's arguments, not to
abuse him. liven mistaken opinions
may he tolerated as long as we are
allowed lhe right to combat them.
bul when a party has had complete
control for thirteen years, one can
sympathise with the irritation created hy opposing arguments.
"Mr. Welch told his friends when he
was. nominated, that if he was elected
he would certainly not he a rubber
stamp. T am pleased to notice that
he is keeping his promise hy carrying out a more audible position of
becoming a Bowser gramophone.
"Mr. Bowser says there is no such
thing as a Tory machine. His friends
are saying at their ward meetings
that thc Tory machine is stronger
than ever. If it is where will thc
people's interests lie?"
John T. Smith
9
JJrrBrrijjtunt Druiujiat
49TH   AVE.   AND    FRASER
Phone l-'rascr 3.1
For BABY FOODS,
VETERINARY    REMEDIES,
KODAKS  AND  EASTMAN
FILMS     ������:        :���: ���������
HIGH-CLASS CHOCOLATES
NYAL'S FAMILY
REMEDIES
All drugs used in our prescription department are chemically pure  and no substit.-.ing.
Free competition starts this week
"IIIImi,ii   llunil*  Never Touch  II"
DOES BABY GET
VERY BEST MILK
II In only on rare ocranlollN Hull iml-
uriilli fill hllblra cause serious anil-
elj llnl oliiii It IS necessary lo final
n substitute for Nature'* food, trouble
usually begins.
He Will Surely Thrive On
Sou-Van Milk
Vou can uvolil all lhe worry anil anilely lhal usually accompanies Hie use
of row's milk for young babies If you
uhi' SOI -VAX .MILK. Ilere*s u clean,
rich. wlmlesome milk lhal In produced
under Ideal conditions nnd aclentl'icnK-
I)   pasteliriKril  In  our modern dairy.
SOI-VAX MILK cull really be depended upon hy motberN. It In uniform In nuallly���rich and sweet every
ilay���and Hn goodness In evenly dlstrl-
buled right through���not merely eon-
fined lo lhe thick cream at Ihe lop of
the  bottle.
riven If you unc milk for domeNlIc
purpONcH only, you need Ihe very IicnI.
Order a Irlal battle of SOU-VAN and
try  Ihc  very   IicnI  milk.
SOUTH
VANCOUVER
MILK CO.
!!I)TII    AND   PHASER
PHONE FAIR. 2IIOI
Classified Advertising
FLORISTS
PANTAGEC
UNEQUALLED       IsJ
VAUDEVILLE
Phone Seymour 3406
WEEK OF DECEMBER 6
FRANK BOHM PRESENTS
Colonial Days
Vaudeville's  Most  Elaborate
Musical Offering
Three times daily, 2.45, 7.15, 9.15
Matinee, 15c; Night, 15c * 25c
BROWN BROS. & CO., LIMITED,
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, 4$
Hastings St. E., and 782 Granville
Street, Vancouver, B.  C.
WATCHMAKER
10,000 WATCHES and CLOCKS
wanted to clean and repair at the
factory, 438 RICHARDS STREET.
MONEY TO LOAN
MONEY LOANED, DIAMONDS,
Jewelry, etc. A quiet, respectable,
reliable place to borrow money.
Old gold bought. Established 1905.
Star Loan Co., 812 Hastings West.
STOVE   REPAIRS
DON'T THROW YOUR OLD
Stove away. We handle castings and
repairs to fit any stove or range.���
FRANKS, 44 Water Street.
1 NOTICE 1
WE ARE STILL DOING BUSINESS
12 Quarts of Pure Milk for $1.00 |
A trial will convince you that our quality and price   ���
. jj are unequalled.
| Pure Milk Dairy Company |
Samuel Garvin, Pioneer Dairyman of Vancouver
jj      OFFICE:  522 BROADWAY EAST      " PHONE:  Fairmont 272    ���
::rv*,,:,::'::.l!';v1':: '     '*:���  ;v:,r:: ���    . ;::-'.'-
PANTAGES THEATRE
CHINAMAN COOK who was with
Mr. Kenneth Taylor's surveying party
���vii Vancouver Island last summer,
Will he call at 16S0 Haro Street and
see Mrs. Tavlor.
COMPETITION
The list of auto accidents in American papers on Monday morning
rivals the casualty lists from ��� the
war zone.
Next week at the Pantages a splendid hill has been arranged by the
management.
"Colonial Days" will be the head-
liner. This act is an elaborate musical offering presented hy Frank Bohm
and is in a classic turn which cannot
he beaten.
Dancing Davcy styles himself the
Stepping Fiefid and as a dancer shows
Vancouver something new in this
line.
Les Aradas are a troop of acrobats
with a laugh at every turn. They do
some stunts to. creepy music which
have, won them great applause.
Richard Bplke presents something
new in "Crco,"' a marvellous, mysterious creation of a woman from a
rag, a bone and a hank of hair.
As an added feature S. H. Dudley
and Company, late star of tbe "Smart
Set," presents a one act playlet entitled "Tbe Stranded Minstrel."
First run motion pictures close this
well balanced bill.
HOCKEY  OPENS  NEXT   WEEK
On Tuesday, December 7, Vancouver hockey fans will have the pleasure
of seeing Manager Patrick's aggregation of stars at the Vancouver arena, against Portland. Thc seat sale
has been arranged to open on Saturday morning at the arena, Seymour
1953 or Broth Cigar Store. Thc reduced prices this year are: Reserved
seats, seventy-five cents, and unreserved gallery scats, fifty cents.
FREE���One afreet ear
ticket with every ��l.00
worth yon purchase In
onr atore
EDGETT'S
118   HASTINGS   STREET   WEST
BIG GROCERY
Retailing Groceries at Wholesale
SATURDAY SPECIALS
SENSATIONAL BARGAINS
SUGAR���18-lb. sock pure cane granulated: regular  $1.45
FLOUR���4!)-lb. sack No. 1 hard wheat Flour; regular ....$2.00
TEA AND COFFEE���3 lbs. our celebrated Victor; 45c lb. ..11.35
APPLES���1  box Jonathans. No.  1  B,  C  regular    $1.75
 ��� V $11.55
FOR
$5.00
Eggs���Selected     ranch,     guaranteed;       Butter���Xo. 1  creamery. 40e lb., :! lbs.
doz 40p       for       $1.00
Potatoes     -   Fancy   Highland.   $1.00      i.��,rd���-3 lbs. Hum*' Carnation .... ISe
Apples���cooking or eating. 10 lbs. ssc
value
Onions���Fancy   Yellow.   10   lbs
Seeded Raisins
. 75c
. SS*
pkgs.   for  only 25c
Walr.
lbs
.25c
short*���Special.  100-lb.  sack.  ��1.9(11  Brail.
Wheal. 100-lb. sack for ��1.WS.
io-lb. sack, jii3o) Wheat, No
l|
Seymour S^ttS���Seymour 5801)
Mnll Onlrr Oopnrtmoitt

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