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The Standard Aug 12, 1916

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"Here shall the Press the people's rights maintain,
Unawed  by  interest   and  un-
bribed by gain."
King atth (tatttrg
Vol. V, No. 15���Established 1911
VANCOUVER,   B. C,   SATURDAY,   AUGUST   12,   1916
Price Five Cents
The Gross Appeal
To Self-interest
"The Deadly Poison Which Permeates All
Our Public Life"
*       *       *       *       *       >���-       *       *
The Premier is Genuinely Astonished that
any Person Should Object to Him Acting in the Dual Capacity of Legal Representative of the People and of  Contractors to the People.
* # * * # *i: * *
PREMIER BOWSER has appealed to thc electors of
Vancouver to endorse his contention that tliere is
nothing wrong in acting in the dual capacity of legal
advisor to the provincial government and to contractors
and others who arc doing business with that government.
He states that it is perfectly legal for the attorney-general
of a Canadian province to share in the profits of a law
firm which is doing business with people who expect and
���jay that firm for looking after their interests. In other
words, he contends there is no law against him receiving
a fee of $6000 a year from the people of British Columbia
to advise them on the legality and desirability of making
a contract by which $25,000,000 in guaranteed bonds may
be handed over to the Pacific Grcat Eastern Railway, and
receiving a fee of $10,000 from the promoters of that railway for drawing up that contract. The figures given are
only relative, the principle involved is the same, whether
Mr. Bowser, as senior member of the firm of Bowser,
Reid and Wallbridge, receives 50 cents or $50,000 as his
share of the firm's business. Since Mr. Bowser
lias appealed to the electors of Vancouver on this point,
it may be as well to analyse it without prejudice. At a
meeting in the upper lountry the question was raised and
Mr. Bowser retorted by stating other attorney-generals
in Canada did the same thing, that it was the ordinary practice in England, and that, in any case, it was a matter for
the electors of Vancouver to decide.
With regard to Mr. Bowser's contention that it is the
common practice in Canada for an attorney-general to
represent both thc people and private clients doing business with the people, it may be admitted that he is correct
lip to a point. The practice depends on the character of
the attorney-generals whom Mr. Bowser quotes as a precedent. But apart from character, it is well to realise that
the practice is apparently legal iu Canada. When Mr.
Bowser says it is legal in England, he is not stating thc
truth. The attorney-general in England is allowed to act
as counsel to private clients only. He cannot plead a case
both for and against the government'in court ,any more
than the solicitor-general can prepare a case under such
circumstances. If Mr. Bowser gives the attorney-general
of the Imperial government as a precedent, he should remember that th|s law officer of the crown appears in court,
as in the recent Casement case. Mr. Bowser never appears
in court���yet that is really what he is paid to do. Now
how can Mr. Bowser appear in court as attorney-general
for the people in any legal case which they might bring
against the Pacific Great Eastern Railway? How can he
even prepare a case against that company to test the value
of any security it might offer for a further advance, when
he receives from that company a share of the fee it pays
to his firm for proving such value? Let alone all question
of morals or*honcsty���is it commotisense?
The Pacific Great Eastern Railway Company is only an
example, the name does not matter, and in this instance
there are so many names which hide the same interests.
It will be remembered that at the last session a bill was
passed empowering the government to borrow $6,000,000
and hand this sum over to the Pacific Great Eastern Railway Co., which presumably hands it to Foley,, Welch and
Stewart, which firm, no doubt, hands it over to Mr. Pat
Welch, who possibly hands it over to the Pacific Great
Eastern Development Co., which may, if it chooses, hand
it over to the Pacific Grcat Eastern Construction Company, which is apparently the last child born to the original
company. Now of all thc members of this family, no one
fcnows the legal representatives, but even if Mr. Bowser's
firm has done work for only one of them, how can he act
for the people in their endorsation of thc value of the securities given by the Pacific Great Eastern Development
Company to the people, in return for the $6,000,000. Supposing the question of realising on those securities were to
arise, it must be admitted by Mr. Bowser himself that he
would be in a very awkward position. He might, in perfect
good faith, appoint Mr. A. N. Onymous, K. C, to represent thc people before the courts, but why should the people pay one fee to Mr. Bowser to represent them and another fee to Mr. A. N. Onymous for precisely thc same
Take, for instance, the case of the Dominion Trust Co.
' Mr. Bowser, as attorney-general, was responsible to tlie
people for any legislation affecting that company. He
was responsible, as senior member of Bowser, Reid and
Wallbridge, for the legislation which enabled that company to take deposits after Dominion legislation had made
it illegal to do so. He said himself that he told the private
hills committee thc legislation the company desired was
illegal, but he did not speak against thc bill.in the house
as legal officer of the crown, as he "knew it would wreck
the party." That is Mr. Bowser's own phrase.. It was
an astonishing admission. It probably is quite true that
he took no part in the drawing up of that particular private bill, but it is probably equally true that as partner in
his firm he received his shaTe of the fee. That is the point
and how does any amount of precedent or custom affect
such a thing? Here were hundreds of depositors relying
absolutely on the legal status of the company and placing
their savings at its disposal. Here was the paid legal representative of those depositors fully aware, on his own
admission, that the company was taking deposits illegally.
Yet when the smash came, his sole excuse was that he
feared "to wreck his party." He took credit to himself
for having brought about the investigation oi the company, of which his firm was the legal representative, and
in order to quiet criticism, he calmly brought forward legislation segregating $250,000 of public money for the depositors, which sum represented the bond given to the government by thc company to enable it to do business.
It is necessary to bc quite fair to Mr. Bowser on this
question. He has appealed to the people and public opinion must judge him without prejudice. He is in a most
unfortunate position, solely because it is legal for him to
act in the dual capacity mentioned. If it were not legal,
presumably he would not break the law. That would bc
criminal. But because it is legal, therefore, according to
him, it is not criminal. It has nothing to do with morals,
character or right and wrong. It is legal, therefore it is
right. It is legal, therefore it is not dishonest. That is
Mr. Bowser's plea before the bar of public opinion. He
is the law maker, and he, therefore, may bc supposed to
know thc law. As long as the law is not broken, he asserts
emphatically that he is justified in taking two fees from
two opposing parties, and that as long as he has the opportunity given him by the people, he will continue to do
so. The Dominion Trust scandal did not warn him, did
not show him the extraordinary position in which he stood.
He proceeds without the slightest hesitation to do exactly
the same for the Pacific Great Eastern Railway. He said
himself, if he "had hewn strictly to the line"���in the matter of thc last issue of guaranteed bonds���"work would
have stopped, and Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart would
have been bankrupt!" In other words, if his clients, Foley.
Welch and Stewart had legally lived up to their contract
with him as attorney-general, they would have suffered
loss thereby, so, acting in the latter capacity, he enabled
them to escape that loss and illegally proceed to absorb
more bonds than those to which they were entitled. Here
of course,'is a fine paradox. He excuses his dual role because it is not illegal, although unnecessary, and his action
because although it is illegal, it was necessary. That is
merely arguing that he is willing to break the law if it
suits a client's interests to do so.
Mr. Bowser's proposer���or whatever he is officially
called���at the Conservative convention, in a highly colored
oration, referred to his chief as a man "whose nay is nay,
and yea is yea." . Mr. Bowaer. himself poses as a very
straightforward man who mea*](/ what he says.    \\ ell���
as an instance, the Saturday half-holiday.- No one in the
least objects to a half-holiday every week for the store
employees. But while sentimentally it is a nice thing for
everybody to have a half-holiday on Saturday, so that everyone can enjoy leisure at thc same time, it undoubtedly
causes a great deal of inconvenience. After all, when
people are employed in a retail store, they know what the
hours are and what holidays are allowed. The nature of
the employment governs the conditions. Supposing all
the engineers on a railway or all the employees in a hotel
demanded a Saturday half-holiday. Surely they have as
much right as anyone else to such a holiday. But the
conditions of their service would preclude such a thing.
Owing to the Saturday half-holiday being the law, strangers coming into Vancouver on a Saturday afternoon think
a catastrophe has struck the place. Everything is shut
up, save only the drug stores. They are allowed to deal
in a large and miscellaneous assortment of goods. They
can sell post cards. Yet a bookseller who gives all his employees a Saturday half-holiday and himself remains in his
store and sells a postcard, is fined. Furthermore, the
enforced Saturday half-holiday results in bringing into
force a Sunday closing act which prevents a fruit store doing business. That stops the circulation of a considerable
amount of money and affects business all over the city.
In itself the Saturday half-holiday may seem a small
matter, but it shows thc tendency to enact any legislation
which may catch votes. The government becomes merely
a little clique of men whose sole interest lies in enacting
any kind of legislation which may prove popular. It renounces all responsibility and develops into a recording
machine. It brings forward certain legislation one session, and amends it the next. Its sole interest is to cling
to office. Its chief occupation is looking after its supporters and adding to their number by pandering to any sentiment which forms the nucleus of a definite movement. Its
mind runs in a narrow groove. Its first thought always
is that in one form or another money must be spent among
the people to create a sense of prosperity. There is no
idealism, no appeal to common sense. The whole appeal is
made to self-interest because the whole appeal conies from
self-interest. That is the deadly poison which permeates *
all our public life. It arises in the precepts held by the
head of the government. He is politically immoral and
consequently, politics become immoral. Hs believes, and
probably is quite sincere in his belief, that public opinion
is indifferent to that immorality. In fact, and this is probably the worst feature of the whole business, he himself
cannot conceive why his methods should be called dishonest. He is genuinely astonished and genuinely indignant when the question of his associatio with Bowser,
Reid and Wallbridge is raised.
But because he lacks perception in this matter, surely
public opinion is not so blind. We here in British Columbia are on the threshold of a great career. But we labor
under an abnormal handicap. We are not trusted, we cannot be trusted so long as we condone and excuse such
political rottenness as was exposed in the Dominion Trust
scandal, and is inherent in the Pacific Great Eastern legislation. That rottenness is due solely to thc- fact that a man
cannot serve two masters, himself and the people. Mr.
Bowser asserts that he can, despite all the proofs to the
contrary. It is a great pity, because there are in Mr. Bowser certain qualities which might make hi'm a useful public
servant. He is hard working aud determined. But his
work and his determination are made to serve his own
ends.    Politics is to him a profession, not a service.    He
 j had a wonderful opportunity when he became premier, but
~   ~ ~" ~ , he missed h absolutely.   From beginning to end he played
when asked to give immunity to John Scott on the plug- i Politics. His whole appeal has been made to prejudice, not
ging case, he says "nay," but when asked to give immuni-1 reason. He cannot see that times have changed and that
ty to Monty White and his gang of ruffians from Seattle, |the People who have keyed themselves up to the solemnity
he said "yea." Mr. Bowser is certainly straightforward!of a worl(") tragedy are utterly disgusted with the small-
when it suits his book. Look at the straightforward way | "ess exhibited by local politicians. It is inconceivable that
in which he disposed of Mr. Welch, whose connection' Mr- Bowser at times like these expects people to ignore
with the party machine was beginning to jar the whole ! |lis political immorality. They are keenly alive to those
plant off its base. His straightforwardness really amounts' ^sl,cs wllich are being fought out on the battlefields of
to a total disregard of moral issues. If he really were
Tainted at the Fountain-head"
xiotts to get at the truth of the plugging scandal, he would
have given Scott immunity long ago. But he pleads now
his duty as attorney-general. He forgets his duty when
his own political interests are concerned, and actually gets
one witness from Seattle out of jail in order, if possible,
to convict a political opponent. His straightforwardness
in thc matter of prohibition and the soldiers' vote is also
most obvious. The truth of the matter is this. Mr. Bowser is one of those extraordinary products of the political
profession which sees no dishonesty, no immorality, in
anything which may help himself or his party. Cheating,
lying, trickery of all kinds is not. only legitimate, but honorable when it means getting some slight advantage over
a political rival. His excuse is "if I don't do it, he will."
But this idiosyncrasy of Mr. Bowser for the law which
suits him goes far deeper than this. It establishes a standard of morality right through the community which regards everything solely from the legal point of view.
Character is jettisoned. Everything can be done by law.
Good and evil is merely a legal distinction. If the law
does not forbid financial fraud or misrepresentation, then
all is well. Thc law becomes merely a support of appearances. The outside of thc cup is kept clean. The spirit
which prevails at the present time is that, law, not character, makes the community; just as if law in itself did
not express the character of the people who are responsible
for the making of those laws. And the sort of laws which
wc are making undoubtedly express most clearly the character of the men making them. All legislation passed at
the last session was initiated, drawn up and passed in order to keep up appearances. Some of it, like thc Soldiers'
Homestead Act, was hurriedly amended after being introduced merely because on its first appearance it was too
crude even for Mr. Bowser's faithful followers. But legislation such as the Prohibition Act was brought
down solely to catch votes. Mr. Bowser attributed thc
defeat of his ministers to prohibition, so he tried to attract
the prohibition vote.
The direct consequence of political chicanery and humbug is seen in all kinds of sumptuary legislation.    Take
Europe, and the pettiness of Mr. Bowser's methods seems
to put on them a kind of moral degradation. They feel as
if a blight lay over the whole land.
Truth, to tell, there is a blight over the land. There is a
mental blight which . aimot distinguish between moral
honesty and dishonesty, Some men whose piety is well
known and whose religious views are exceedingly sincere,
appear to imagine that when political fortunes are at stake
they can lie or cheat, deliberately misrepresent, or do anything in order lo preserve the party. Everyone is aware how
corrupt the local Liberal party was when it went down to
defeat some years ago in the Dominion elections, and a
great many people arc still afraid that if the Liberals are
returned to power at tiie provincial elections the same
people will control its destinies. That is not so. The
Liberal party has had a house cleaning and if it wins the
elections, for some time, at any rate, must play fair with
the people, if for no other reason than the necessity to do
so. Thc Liberals will not find any treasury overflowing
with money if they find themselves in tiie position to govern. If the Conservatives are returned they will probably
try and live on the proceeds of their borrowings until conditions arc better. But Mr. Bowser will consider that the
people endorse his administration and his political immorality. He will assert that they approve of his dual role of
legal adviser to the government and to contractors with
that government, that they approve of patronage as exhibited on the School Board and Sewerage -Board���only to
mention two boards���that they have forgotten the Dominion Trust scandal and consider there is no need to investigate the Pacific Great Eastern and its subsidiary companies. That they approve of the Matson and Hamilton Read
Indian Reserve commissions and the manner in which preemptions have been handled; that they enjoy the government spending over $300,000 on Strathcona Park and then
discovering that they have no title to it.
These are, after all, only a few illustrations of the sort
of thing which occurs when the leader of a party deliberately sets out to use political power for his own selfish interests rather than for the good government of the people.
mm TWO
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Telephone  Seymour 470
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To all points In Canada, United Kingdom, Newfoundland,
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The Standard  will bo delivered  to any  address  In  Van-
*uvcr or vicinity at ten cents a month.
Member of the Canadian Press Association.
The Standard, with which is Incorporated the Saturday
Chinook, circulates in Vancouver and the cities, towns, villages and settlements throughout British Columbia, In
politics the paper is independent Liberal.
Fublishcrs The Standard Printers
Mr. Bowser is covetous of power and covetousness is the
tap root of "all quarrels, schisms, divisions, wars in personal, social and national lives." It is, after all, on his
shoulders that the responsibility lies. There are not several men who can be called in the least influential in their
party. Mr. Bowser is the head and the brains of his party.
There is not a man in his cabinet, with perhaps the exception of Mr. Lome Campbell, wdio has any personality whatever. That this is generally recognised by the Conservatives themselves is patent when they consider who would
be premier, supposing anything happened to Mr. Bowser.
For years Mr. Bowser has been about the only minister
who has worked really hard. He has gathered all the
string-, into his own hand and the Conservative party
stands or falls by him. Of this the sentiment which exists
among the people of British Columbia is surely of itself
sufficient proof. Would any Conservative deny that the
party would gain immense strength if the Hon. Martin
Burrell, Dominion Minister of Agriculture, would consent
to lead it? The opposition is to Mr. Bowser and his methods, to Mr. Bowser and his clique. He has appealed to
the electorate of Vancouver���let it decide.
AT last Mr. Cory S. Ryder, for two weeks a minister
of finance in the Martin Government, back in 1900,
has found a friend who understands him in the person of Mr. F. C. Wade, proprietor of the SUN.
Mr. Ryder was recently interviewed upon the political
situation by the PROVINCE. The writer who was entrusted with this important piece of literary work was none
other than a worthy Liberal, Mr. Murray, who writes articles for various newspapers and periodicals, and who
directs the destinies of THE STANDARD. Now Mr.
Ryder was reckless in his attacks upon the various parties. He assailed Liberals, Tories and Independents with
an abandon which was refreshing, and thc interviewer
turned into the PROVINCE a true account of what the
fiery ex-politician had to say. Incidentally a little bit
of description was thrown in with the story by way of
giving it spice.
Along conies Mr. Wade, lie reads thc Ryder interview,
scents a plot, takes a pair of calipers and deftly pulls out
a single sentence, which, by itself, appears to be an indictment of thc Liberal party. Mr. Wade encourages
Ryder to write a bombastic letter to the SUN", and Mr.
Murray is threatened with being placed in the same category as Benedict Arnold, a traitor to his state and to his
party, a spy, a villain, a dangerous character, a "dark, tall,
thick-set man," out to knife friends, beat his wife, and generally make himself a menace.
The name of Ryder as a politician whenever mentioned
in British Columbia creates loud guffaws of laughter. So
does the name of George Washington Beebe, who sat
in that same government. We suggest, by the way, that
others of this day and age who arc ministers of the crown
will sit at thc cabinet councils for only a short space of
time. Stewart, McGuire and Miller arc the Ryders and
Beebes of 1916.
But it is meet that Mr. Wade should fly to the defence
of Ryder and weep crocodile tears over the extinct political volcano who for so brief a period has been brought
to life. The mention of the name of Ryder creates, as we
have said, laughter among politicians. And was it not
only the other night that we heard the official Liberals of
Vancouver in meeting assembled gently laugh Mr. Wade
off the platform when Mr. Campbell, president of the
Liberals, pleaded with the boys "to give Mr. Wade a
in British Columbia a system which has brought ruin to
older countries. We are building up in British Columbia
a similar institution to the one Lloyd-George smashed in
Great Britain.
AT a recent meeting of the Vancouver Liberal executive a resolution was passed endorsing the plan  to
have John  T.  Scott,  alleged  election  manipulator,
brought back to Canada.
As is well known, there was hot discussion during the
meeting. Following the meeting, the following statement
was drawn up and signed by representative Liberals. This
Statement is an indication of the sincerity of members of
the party in their desire to see justice done.
"1 desire in the interests of thc Liberal Party
and of clean politics, lhat John  T.  Sett at once
return  from Seattle  to  Vancouver, and  that  he
make a  full disclosure of all matters  within  his
knowledge concerning lhe alleged impersonations
during the recent Vancouver  By-election."
The signatories to the above were Ralph Smith, James
Stables,  George  M.  Murray,  Chas.   E.  Campbell,   E.   E.
Hill, J. S. Cowper, J, P. Dougherty, A. II. Mogridge, R.
Smith, Brcnton S. Brown, A. H. Murray, Chas. Purmal,
Henry Lane.   Dr. J.  W.  Mcintosh,  James  Ball,  H.   M.
Lloyd,   R   Campbell-Johnson,   F.   S.   Robertson,   W.   P.
Eldridge, Geo. E. llouser, P. Donnelly, D. E. -McTaggart,
Ashworth Anderson, Alexander Henderson, Gordon Grant,
John II McNeice, Frank Burnett, sr��� J. H. Ingram, George
M. Brae, Mr. William Steers, H. R. Meakcr, C. M. Reid,
H. J. McLatchy, George McCuaig, C. A. Bayley, G. Gibson
J. Edward Sears, Walter E. Truesdale, M. T. Musk, J. R.
Shannon, G. G. Cook, J. E. McPhee W. P. Nicolls, J. W.
DcB. Farris, Geo. Wismer, C. B. Patterson, S. J. Crowe.
G. A. King, F. C. Wade, Geo. E McDonald, Roberti-dly
Breezes of Indignation
And Information
ONE feature which all parties interested in the Bowser
liquor  legislation  seem  to  have  overlooked  is-the
fact that in the event of the passing of the measure
now before the people, great injury will be done the Port
of Vancouver,
Apart from the question of whether it is good or not
to allow the liquor traffic to continue, liquors from the old
country, for consumption in Western Canada, are often
shipped by water to Vancouver. If we were to figure out
the quantity of liquor which comes to this port in,a year,
it would mean a large item. From here it is transhipped
to other points by rail and steamer.
Mr. Bowser's "Prohibition" Act would do away with
this commerce, would drive it out of Vancouver harbor,
would do away with tlie warehousing, handling, freighting,
advertising and selling of the commodity from this port.
While it would force the merchant vessels to givre up
carrying liquor into the port, it would not do away with
the drinking of liquor in Vancouver. You sec, Mr. Bowser has it arranged so that we can send to Winnipeg or
some other place and have the stuff shipped in by a mail
order house; or we can go to a doctor aud tell what a
pain we have in our little toe, and he will gently give us
a prescription so that the pain, may bc overcome.
This freak legislation would, therefore, drive business
away from the port. We wish to point this out to show
the weakness of the measure in one small detail. Ships
will not be allowed to carry liquor into Vancouver for
trans-shipment, but a whisky distillery in Vancouver will
be allowed to operate full swing.
This billysunday legislation becomes more of a joke
as we scrutinize it. We wonder if Mr, Bowser is going
to vote for the measure himself?
Wc wonder how the candidates are going to vote upon
this vital question. Is it not remarkable tliat many of
them are side-stepping it. Mr. Bowser, who introduced
the legislation and is thc father of thc act, denies parenthood of thc poor, ill-formed child, lie says that "it is
out of politics, it don't belong to me." Yet Mr. Bowser
brought in the bill and Mr. Bowser's faithful slave, Dr.
McGuire, promoted the enthusiasm lo make this bill a
MR. RALPH SMITH came forward last. weelJ with
a proposal for the solution of the Pacific and Great
Eastern Railway problem, which will sound to men
of all parties as rational and constructive.
"Let us take the road over in its entirety," says Mr.
Smith.   "Let us complete it through to the Peace River.
"Let us engage a commission of experts to investigate
every phase of the Pacific and Great Eastern question.
"Let us take complete charge of the operating and
building of the road.
"Let us investigate its financial standing and reimburse
any private corporation who may have actually put any
money into the project.
"Let the government finance the Pacific and Great Eastern Railway, and own it and control it, and
"Let the Pacific and Great Eastern be an asset of the
people of the province of British Columbia for all time
to come." ���
Mr. Smith strikes the right note. This is in accord with
the teachings of Liberalism and is opposed to the oldtime
British Columbia system of publicly built, privately owned
transportation lines. Moreover, it is a plan which, we
fancy, will form the basis of the policy of the next Government so far as handling the Pacific and Great Eastern
Railway question is concerned.
MR. JAMES  H.  FALCONER, a Vancouver anufac-
turer,  head  of the  B.  C. Vinegar  Works,  lias returned from Vernon, where he has opened a branch
of thc business in tbe form of a cider factory, where many
hundreds of tons  of apples  will  bc  pressed  during  the ]
coming harvest.
While this enterprise will shock thc political prohibitionists who flock to blasphemous Billy Sunday, tliere is
ne real cause for alarm. Mr, Falconer will turn thc cider
into a splendid vinegar, which will be sold in British Columbia stores in the place of the vinegars which are at
present imported from abroad.
Opening of thc factory at Vernon will be a start along
the lines *)f manufacturing many British Columbia products of orchard and garden, not necessarily by Mr. Falconer, but by concerns who will always follow where enterprising men lead. At present wc import nearly all our
pickles, sauces, and allied products, while the raw material
goes to waste in local orchards and gardens.
"SIR ROGER CASEMENT, Patriot, is Hanged"���So ran
the seven column headline on the front page of the San
Francisco EXAMINER, and nearly every news stall on
Hastings Street offered the paper for sale.
* * *
THE "EXAMINER" is only one of several Anti-British
papers which are allowed to be sold in Vancouver.
* * *
"SOME FOLKS," says Andrew Blygh, "go to a Liberal
meeting and keep their traps closed and sit there like
monuments. They think they are gathering prestige and
dignity. But when I go to a meeting I must have my say.
I talk out whether they like it or not.   And as for prestige
���who, I ask you, in has more prestige than Blygh
when it comes to politics?"
* * *
ONE BLESSING IS that the "Empress of Russia," bearing a great company of missionaries who are going back
to the Orient to spread the Gospel, pulled out from Vancouver before Blasphemous Bill got his arm working
Thursday night.
* * *
HAD THE MISSIONARIES heard the marvellous American nuisance, they would then have realized that the
home field still offers a great chance.
* * *
the poor unfortunate dregs of the submerged tenth. We
are told that at a revival held across the line in a large
city, the people wdio came forward to declare that they
were saved were of peculiar physical development. One
was a girl of sixteen or thereabouts, whose sore eyes,
sunken chest and pallid cheek* indicated that she needed
medicine for the body. Probably she needed glasses. She
was of a weak, silly type. Then there was a little man
with an abnormal head, and a hysterical woman who had
been saved a dozen times in the past year.   Of the num
bers who came up to the platform to declare that they
"had religion" there wasn't a square well-set up, normal
man or woman among them.
* * *
WE KNOW A PRINTER in Vancouver who says he
was saved back in 1890, again in 1896, and again when the
Tories sustained defeat in 1900. This gentleman, who
sobered dp over ten years ago and is one of the most respected members of his craft today, says that his reclamation was finally effected when he gave up the open road
and the country offices, took out a card in Ihe union, and
secured employment in well-ventilated, healthful offices,
with a fair wage and fair hours.
* * *
SOME OF THE conditions which make a man like Blasphemous Billy Sunday possible are���poor boarding houses;
wives who cannot cook water; desire to see the other
fellow attacked and slandered; curiosity on thc part of
girls and women of a certain type who go to Sunday's
meetings expecting to hear coarse and lewd talk; bad
livers; love of sensationalism. The evangelist, like I'eruna,
is a product of advertising. In this respect, he is like
some of our Canadian politicians.
* * *
THERE IS ONE thing which the loud-mouthed orator's
meeting in Vancouver proves. It is this: that we have not
sufficient of the Canadian spirit in Vancouver. The pioneers of Canada were people as goodly as were the settlers
who came over on the "Mayflower" to start the New England settlement. Canadian history tells us of the sacrifices in the early days of the Jesuit Fathers who died like
martyrs in Xew France in the fight to bring the teachings
of Christ to the North American Indians. Nova Scotia,
Ontario and Manitoba people can remember the giants
of the Presbyterian Church who labored in thc early
times���John Ross, of Bruccfield is a name which comes
readily to the memory of any Canadian Presbyterian, or
Rev. Donald Mackenzie, or Rev. Daniel Gordon. Still
living in the West are such heroes of the church as Rev.
John McDougall, Rev. Father Lacombe, thc gentle priest
of the prairies, who did much good for Western Canada.
Here are but a few names, and there are scores which
might be mentioned without confining oneself to any
particular creed. It was a Canadian, Rev. G. L. MacKay,
who carried the Gospel of Christ from this coast to the
savages of Formosa. And in all walks of Christian teaching the sons of Canada have left an impress upon civilization which will last.
Can it be that the descendants of the citizens of Canada
who came under the spiritual influence of these great men
of another day cou|d bear to sit and hear the Gospel reduced to comic opera from the mouth of this blasphemous
product of the Bowery?
When we think of the toils and the trials and the sufferings of the men who laid the foundations of the Christian church in Canada, of their tremendous respect for
the Word of God, of their austerity and their simple piety,
of the nearness in which many of them lived with God
himself, it naturally causes a Canadian's blood to boil at
the thought of the importation from another country of
a vaudeville artist, who debases religion and exploits the
weaknesses of people to gather into his coffers golden
* * *
ACCORDING TO THE police department, Magistrate
South is neither a legal light nor a Northern light. It
should be remembered that the Goddess of Justice herself
was blind.
* * *
IT IS SAID that thc harvesters wages will be higher than,
usual this season on account of the scarcity of labor. This
will go against the grain of the farmers.
* *    *
VANCOUVER HAS TWO Sundays this week���Billy and
the one that appears in red letters on the calendars.
* * *
THE PROHIBITIONIST PARTY is spending its money like water in order lo bring about a dry B. C.
AT every meeting where Government supporters take
the platform let the people ask them how they stand
on the "Prohibition Act."
Prohibition of the liquor traffic is an ideal which all
good men desire to see accomplished, but when such a
worthy cause is debased to gather in votes for a corrupt
political machine, it is time for good men to set up a
Mr. Bowser is the father of the illegitimate child which
now rests upon the doorstep of the legislature. But he
will not own it. When the wee mite, so misshapen and
ugly, raises its cries, Mr. Bowser puts fingers to ears and
sneaks by like a man who has just stolen his aunt's watch
and has pawned it.
Ministers Miller, Taylor, Campbell and Ross, join in an
vocal quartette to drown out the cries of the child which
.the Premier refuses to acknowledge.
Bowser is the father of prohibition. He framed the bill
and dictated its every passage. Jonathan Rogers, John
Nelson and others palavered him with the talk "that a
strong man would do so and so, and you, Mr. Bowser,
are a strong man." And Mr. Bowser fell for this fulsome
flattery. So the "prohibitory" measure was designed with
cunning and shrewdness. Now Mr. Bowser disclaims responsibility.' On the one hand he bids for the support of
the tavern keepers; on the other hand he kowtows to the
purists. He has members in his cabinet representing both
parties.   He is playing both ends against the middle.
OF late none of the politicians have been saying much
regarding the problem before the  Province of getting lands under cultivation with a view of producing sufficient food within the Province to feed ourselves.
In a recent issue of the Ashcroft JOURNAL, we have
come  across  an   advertisement  which  might  have  been
printed in an English rural weekly.    Here it is, and it occupied in the JOURNAL a space of eight inches in length:
Shooting on the Marquis of Exeter's and the
Hon. Maurice Egerton's properties, known as 100,
105, 108 and 111 Mile Houses, Cariboo Road, is
strictly forbidden.
C. G. COWAN, Agent.
The Marquis of Exeter and the Hon. Maurirce Egerton
are absentee landlords.   They will not vote at this election for any candidate, will support no party, will take
no part in the proceedings.
They will pay a small tax on the land they hold, but so
far as taking their share of the responsibility of developing
British Columbia, they may be expected to do very little.
They are absentee landlords. His Lordship and Hon.
Egerton are British, and maybe live in London, but they
are 011 the same plane, so far as we are concerned, as
the land owners who figure on British Columbia tax rolls
as residing in Chicago. Paris or some other part of the
That great area of land away up on the Cariboo Road
is to them merely a shooting estate. Some day when the
settlers who come into the country have made land valuable in the Cariboo, these shooting estates will be opened
up for cultivation.    In other words, we are fostering here
The heavy increase varying from 30
to 150 per cent., in Canadian Pacific
Railway telegraph business throughout B. C. is illustrative of the general
improvement in business conditions
which is taking place.
Lumbermen, mining men and men
engaged in shipping and general business occupations have to use tbe telegraph. They use it little when business is poor and a great deal when it
is good.
If the telegraph companies are doing a heavy business throughout the
country it is a sure indication that
industry and commerce arc active. It
is a corollary of improved bank clearings, augmented export trade, soaring
railroad earnings and growing building permit returns which are features
of present conditions in Canada.���Industrial Progress.
* * #
On its face the Initiative and Referendum is not only so just, but also necessary, in the politics of Canada, that
its retention as a law in this province
is not even debatable. The people demanded the Initiative and Referendum
because of the villainy of party politics that involved this province in
millions of useless expenditure and
thefts on a gigantic scale.
The resourcefulness of the people
developed the"Sast safe means of protection against Vie machinations of
corrupt politicians\Under honest legislators the Initiative and Referendum
is not likely to be extensively used;
under callous, reactionary or corrupt
legislators, such as sevenil. of those
who blighted this province for many
years, it is absolutely indispensable.
Manilohans know far better than
supreme courts or privy councils what
is best for tbe common government of
the people of this province. It is inconceivable,   therefore,   thai     judges,
removed thousands' of miles (rom us,
will attempt to interfere with a just
enactment designed to protect taxpayers against jobbery and robbery.
Courts are not establis' ed i'.r lhe
purpose of defeating the acts of the
people, passed for their own protection against scheming politicians and
wily promoters. The Initiative and
Referendum is here to stay���with' the
consent of the vast majority of men
of all shades of politics.���Winnipeg
*  * *
A notable and'worthy class of men
are country bankers. I have lately
visited several big towns, and met many bankers. "Where did he come
from?" I have often asked, on being
introduced to a banker. And in nine
cases out of ten, I learned that the
big banker came from a country town.
All the big cities are full of prominent
bankers who came from country
I was once a passenger on a ship
which stopped at Mombassa, on the
East Coast of Africa. A quiet man
came aboard there who attracted little attention at first, but one evening,
when Adelaide and I were taking a
constitutional around the decks after
dinner, he fell in with our step, and
asked: "Which way are you going
home?"     Then I knew he was a Yan
kee. I spent many hours with him,
and discovered a remarkable man: A.
Barton Hepburn, comptroller of the*
currency under Harrison; now of the-
Chase National Bank, of New York.
His titles In "Who's Who in America" fill nearly a page. But he i)cgan>
as a country banker. The same thing
is true of other callings: our big men
mainly began in thc country; in villages and on farms, far away front
the Bright Lights. And these men are
as steady now as they were as country bankers; they are rarely thc men
who make champagne-drinking records, or supply the big city social
scandals. Frequently you hear of
them in connection with Organized
Robbery���not the small, disreputable
kind, such as porch climbing, or pocket picking���but in connection with developing steel mills, railroad and
steamship lines, and other forms of
what we know as Commercialized
Greed.���Midnapore Gazette.
* * *
Judging from the rate at which
the wild creatures of North America
are now being destroyed, fifty years
hence there will be no large game
left in the United States nor Canada,
outside of rigidly protected preserves.
It is therefore the duty of every good'
citizen.to promote the protection of
forests and wild life and the creation
of game preserves, while a supply of
game remains. Every man who finds
pleasure in hunting or fishing should
be willing to spend both time and money in active work for the protectton-
of forests, fish and game.���Conservation. w
Vancouver Personals
Mr. and Mrs. Sydney Miller of Spokane are spending a few days in Vancouver.
* �� *
Mr. Stuart Livingston and his son
Garrett left this week for Seattle to
stay for a few days.
* * *
Miss Jean Fraser left this week
for Victoria, where she will visit Miss
* * *
Recent visitors from British Columbia iu England include Mr. H. K.
Fetherstonc-Griffin of Victoria. Mr.
George Kidd, manager of the B. C.
Electric Railway Co., Mrs. Guy Andrew and Miss Grace Andrew of Vancouver.
* * *
Lieut, and Mrs. A. G. Gray, the
latter formerly Miss Florence Spencer, left last week for Toronto, where
they will stay until thc departure of
Lieut. Gray with the 142nd Battalion,
C. E. F.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. J. Waldron of Moose
'- v. are visiting Vancouver and other coast cities.
* * ��
Sir Frederick Williams Taylor has
been visiting the Earl of Rosebery at
his country house at Ascot.
** * *
Lady Bourinot has gone to England in order to be near her son, Mr.
Arthur Bourinot, of the 77th Battalion.
* * *
Miss Richmond of Havergal College has returned to Montreal after
a month at Whytecliffe camp.
* * ��
Miss Nelson of Salt Spring Island
is the guest of Mrs. Ketchen, 1623
Second Avenue east.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. Dunbar Taylor are
spending several weeks in Montreal
with Mr. Taylor's sister, Mrs. Red-
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. Robert Mills of Hamilton have announced the engagement
of their daughter, Hulda Alberta, to
Mr. Robert Harvey Clark, M.A., Ph.
D., son of Rev. Dr. and the late Mrs.
George Clark of St. Catherines. The
wedding will take place on August
1 .
Lady Strathcona, who follows very
closely her father's cramplc of well-
thought-out generosity, has just given ,i further .$5<KXJ to the fund for the
education of the sous of fallen officers. Tliis fund will enable many
boys to receive a proper education.
who, without it, would be practically
cut off from good schools.
* + *
Miss Geraldine Cambie returned
this week from Victoria where she
has been visiting her sister, Mrs. R.
G. Tatlow.
�� * *
Mrs. W. A. Bauer and her family
are spending a few weeks at Gambler
* * *
Mr. A. Vance has .'eceived word
tliat her son, who is serving as a private with the 72nd Highlanders, now
at Bra'mshott, has been one of the
hundred chosen as guard of honor to
the King. He is at present holding a
position  as  sergeant-tailor.
* * *
Mrs. Leggat and Miss N. Robertson
wish to acknowledge the many contributions to the collection of odd and
broken pieces of gold and silver, such
as old rings bangles, buckles, chains,
etc., the value of which is given by
Mr. O. B. Allan, amounting during
the last six weeks to $125. This
cheque has been given to Mrs. Hut-
chins, who has purchased wool for
the Vancouver Soldiers' Sock Fund.
Any contribution will be gratefully
received and may be sent either to
Mrs. Leggat, The Crescent, Shaughnessy Heights, or to Miss N. Robertson, 1147 Georgia street. The following have contributed: Mrs. Rogers, Mrs. Hutchins, Mrs, Abbott, Mrs.
Keith, Mrs. Home, Mrs. McFarland,
Mrs.   O'Kelly,   Mrs.   Henshaw,   Mrs.
Farrell, Mrs. Plunkett, Mrs. Edge,
Mrs. F. M. Robert v.u, Mrs Deacon,
Mrs. McLaren, Mrs. Walker, Mrs.
Cromic, Mrs. Holt, Mrs. Stewart, Mrs
McRae, Mrs. Wright, Mrs. Poff, Mrs.
Ridley, Mrs. Nichol, Mrs. Kerr, Mrs.
Ferric. Mrs. W. R. Robertson, Mrs.
I.everson, Miss Keith, Miss Charle-
son, the Misses McDonald, Miss Richards.
* * *
On Wednesday, August 9, a party
of twenty missionaries of the American Board of Missions will pass
through Vancouver on their way to
the Orient. Some of these are returning to their fields after furlough,
while others are going to the foreign
field for the first time. Among their
number are Dr. and Mrs. Edward
Lincoln Smith, Rev. and Mrs. Lucias
C. Porter, Mr. and Mrs Franklin L.
Warner and Rev, Dr. Walker of
Shaowii. Dr. Edward Lincoln Smith
and others of the missionaries will be
present at the meeting to be held in
the First Congregational Church on
Wednesday evening
��� * *
The announcement comes from Los
Angeles of the marriage there of
Miss Marjorie Bancroft Oughton, elder daughter of the late Hon. T. Bancroft Oughton, and sister of Mr. B.
O. Oughton, to Mr. K. E. Lloyd. Mr.
Lloyd is an engineer and the present
home of the young people is in Arizona. Miss Oughton was in Vancouver for some weeks in the early
summer and several very pleasant
shower parties were given for her.
* * *
Mr. T. B. O'Connell, manager of
the Royal Bank of Canada at Cumberland, has been transferred to the
supervising department- of the same
bank here.
A Week-end Clearing Up Odd Lines
of Cretonnes
���To make a clean sweep of a number of odd lines of cretonnes, we have cut the price regardless of cost.
���The style aud colors arc excellent, affording an opportunity to procure draperies and coverings for
the coming season at a minimum cost,   The collection has been divided into two lots for easy selling.
Nottingham Lace Curtains at 57c. a Pair
���Here's a curtain bargain for you. Just the thing for Hotel and Rooming House use. Good looking
and durable.    2J4 yards long.    White only.    SALE PRICE    57c
Curtain Scrims, Snowflake Voiles. Plain Marquisettes
Shot Marquisettes
The Carpet Event of the Year
���High-grade English Wilton and Aaminater carpets.    Regular $2,25, $2,50 and $2.75 values, in colors
and designs suitable for any room in the house.   Selling  at  per  yard    $1.39
Selling 4ft.6ins. x 7ft.6ins. Grass Rugs at $2.19 each
���While 15 last, better shop early to avoid disappointment.   They are made of tough wire grass, and have
handsome stamped patterns on both sides, making them reversible,    Regularly sold at $3.50 each.
SPECIAL, each       $2.19
August Furniture Sale Continues
���Everything reduced  (except contract lines).  Many
money on every piece you buy.
3 feet metal frame bedsprings, with double woven
fabric.    Strongly  supported.      Reg.    $4.50    value.
$10.00 Quartered Oak Writing Table, fumed finish.
SPECIAL, $3.75
$4.50 Brownie Go-Baskets, the lightest Go-cart made.
SPECIAL   $2.25
Reversible Mattresses, with cotton on both top and
bottom. Any standard size  $4.90
of our new fall pieces are now on the floors.   Save
2-inch  Continuous Post Steel Bed, 3-0.    All metal
bedspring.   Ostermoor Mattress.   Complete, regular
$30.75.   SPECIAL $17.75
3 feet, 3 feet 6 ins., and 4 feet all metal Bedspring.
Ostermoor   Mattress.     Complete,     regular     $6.50.
SPECIAL    : $1.98
Cotton Top Mattresses, to fit any standard size bed.
SPECIAL    $2.90
All Cotton Felt Mattress, with art ticking, any standard size   $6.95
Rear Admiral Ide, accompanied by-
Flag Commander Takahashi, Capt.
Xakazato of the Kasuga, and Captain
Shimanouchi of the Nishin, called on
the lieutenant-governor at Government House on Tuesday. In the afternoon his honor, accompanied by
Mr. J. S. Muskett, returned their
call, being conveyed to the Kasuga by
Admiral Story's barge, which was
placed at his disposal, and was received by Admiral Ide and his staff.
Admiral Ide, previous to his present
visit in Victoria, was there in February last, and hopes to be able to remain this time some ten or twelve
* * *
Mrs. R. J. Cromie with her family
will leave today for Victoria where
she will visit her aunt, Mrs. Jamieson
at Oak Bay.
Mr. and Mrs. Julius Griffith will
leave today for Bradley Dyne, where
they will spend a few weeks.
* * *
Mrs. William Hogg and her family
accompanied by her sister, Mrs. Douglas and her daughter of Winnipeg,
left yesterday for Qualicum, where
they will spend two weeks.
* * *
Mrs. Clarke Gambie, who has been
the guest of Mrs. Cumming, has left
for Victoria.
* * *
Mrs. Gordon Fleck was the hostess
at a small tea on Tuesday afternoon.
* * *
Mrs. Draper and her three daughters of Wilberton have been spending
a few days in Vancouver this week.
Mrs. Martin Griffin entertained at
dinner in their honor on Monday.
tf * *
Mrs. Enthoven entertained at a
small tennis party on Wednesday afternoon.
* * *
Mrs. Hamilton Gault of Montreal
spent a few days in Vancouver this
week on her return from Vancouver.
* * *
Mrs. W. G. O'Loughlin and her
daughter left  yesterday  for Toronto.
* * *
Mrs. Brock, wife of Major W. R.
Brock of the Universities Battalion,
will leave this week with her children to visit her father, Judge Brittou,
in Toronto. On her way east, Mrs.
Brock will make a stop at Winnipeg
and she will also visit New York before returning to Vancouver.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. Hepburn and Miss
lean Hepburn have been among the
recent visitor? t.. Shawrigan Lake.
m  tf   K
A quiet wedding took place at Yale
last week when Miss Beatrice Billings
Vicar.-, eldest daughter of Lieut.-Col.
and Mrs. J. R. Vicar-i, became the wife
of Capt. C. W. Gordon oi the 172nd
Battalion, C. E. I-'. The ceremony
was performed lv. Rev. M. Croucher,
rector of YA . in the presence o.r only
the relativci of the bride and a lew
intimate friends. The honeymoon will
be spent at Victoria where Caot. Gordon is now taking a iii Id off'n er's
course before rejoining his regimen!
at Vern in. Capt. Gordon is thc son
of Mr. and  Mrs.  Roberl Gordon of
Yesterday morning at the Firsl
Presbyterian Church Miss Pearl Richards and Mr. Frank Anthony were
united in marriage by the Rev. Dr.
Eraser. The witnesses were Miss
Annie McDonald and Miss Jean McRae of Eburne. After a short honeymoon trip, Mr. and Mrs. Anthony will
live at Agassiz.
* * *
The marriage was celebrated in St.
James Church this week of Miss Hilda
Margaret Carter, daughter of the late
Charles Carter and of Mrs. Carter,
Haro Street, and Dr. C. O. Maclean,
son of D. Maclean of Uclulet, Vancouver Island. Rev. Mr. Collins performed the ceremony. Dr. and Mrs.
Maclean have gone on a honeymoon
trip to Victoria and Cameron lake.
They will take up their residence at
* * *
Miss Milligen of Prince George,
who has been visiting Mrs. John Murphy at Cariboo for a few weeks, is
now a guest at Glencoe Lodge.
* * *
Mrs. J. B. Johnson left this morning for Penrait Farm, Crofton, where
she will visit Mrs. R. Marpole for two
Store opens at 8.30 a.m. and closes at 6 p.m.
Announcing the Arrival of
New Burberry Coats
for Fall
CHARACTERISTIC of the famous  Burberry garments, the
models display the most popular materials and depict styles
of superior merit.
Included are many handsome full-length and 7-8 length models
in tweeds, small and large checks, heather mixtures, etc.
The choice of Raglan or set-in sleeves and plain or belted backs
is presented.   All are the latest styles for fall wear.
Sizes 16 to 44.
Prices $35.00 to $62.50.
Telephone Seymour 3540
Archbishop Mathicson, with his
daughter, Miss Nora Mathieson, spent
the week end with his niece, Mrs.
Cave-Brown-Cave, on his way from
Victoria to Winnipeg.
* * *
Mr. Harold Webster left on Sunday night for England where he will
join the motor boat patrol service.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. C. R. Drayton left yesterday for Qualicum Beach, where
they will spend a few weeks.
* * *
Mrs. Herbert Watson and her
daughter,   Miss   Frances,   left     today
for Alta Lake.
* * *
Mrs. Charles Meek, with her daughter Gladys, left this week for Victoria, where she will visit Mrs. Blair.
Mrs. George Housser is visiting
Mrs. E. H, Taafc h: Winnipeg.
The future is dark for those who
are not prepared. Prepare now for
a good position at the Success Business College, cor. 10th Ave. and Main
St., Vancouver.
Mrs. Kellet has returned home after visiting her daughters, Mrs. Arthur Waring and Mrs. George Sutton
in Xanaimo.
Major the Rev. C. C. Owen gave an
address yesterday afternoon to the
members of the Hart-McHarg Auxiliary of the British Columbia Base
* + *
A happy event was comemmorated
at tiie home of Mr. and Mrs. D. H.
Carleton in Chilliwack. a lew lays
ago, when they celebrated their golden  weddii t* annii ersan.
"Land of the Totem Pole"
SKAGWAY $60.00
2000 miles of luxurious comfort through
the    famous    island    sheltered    "inside"
route by the palatial
Canadian Pacific Steamers
Leave Vancouver at 9 p.m. every Saturday, calling at all the principal ports and
Taku Glacier on northbound trip.
Full particulars from any C, P. R.
agent or write H. W. BRODIE, General
Passenger Agent, Vancouver.
tyj^g fwRO
r        l
Sandy   Peys  a   Compliment   tae  the
Vancouver Lassies
Weel frcens, we hinnie had ony
cause tae complain o' ony excessive
heat or dry spell this summer. I see
whaur the folk back in the East are
swelterin in somethin' roon aboot a
bunder in the shade, wi' on immense
amount o' seeckness along wi' it.
While it hisnie been necessary tae
keep the hame fires burnin' for the
sake o' heat oot here, it's jist been
warm enough���some days.
While Vancoover and British Columby has had some bad advertisin'
through the agency o' some o' the peanut "statesmen'' that has had "the
shapin' o' her destinies" in the last
wheen years back, yet, wi' it a', is
there wan among us that wud chenge
places wi' they puir mortals that are
roastin' back East. No, sir, it's the
* * *
While the war seems tae o'ershadow
everything else (if we except maybe
the tag days) an' forms almost the
sole topic o conversashun whenever
a wheen fellies get thegither, yet it's
sometimes hard tae believe that sic a
tragedy is takin place on the ither
side o' the hemisphere.
For yae thing thc lassies (God bless
them, as Felix wud say) while dacn
their bit nobly an' well in helpin' tae
"keep the hame fires burnin" an' at
the same time providin' the boys at
the front wi useful an' needed comforts, hae never suffered their self-
imposed tasks tae interfere wi' their
sartorial taste in the mainner o' be-
deckin' thcmsels in braw gear.
The wife an' I had quite a controversy the ither nicht on that burnin'
When a man or a woman gets ayont
a certain period o' life, their ideas get
mare or less "stuck in the mud," an'
while a young fellie like mysel can
tak quite an (intense) interest in up-
tae-datc lingeries (I like that term),
naethin' has pleased me mare this year
than tae see the wey in which the
Vancoover lassies (I'll bet some o'
them are merried weemen at that) hae
kept up their reputashon o' bein' the
best dressed weemen on earth (bar
none, Felix).
Weel, as I wis sayin', the wife an'
me had quite a bit argyment on dress
the ither nicht.
Did yae ever pey attenshun tae the
attitude o' merried couples takin' a
dander along the streets o' an efter-
nune. The weemen folk '11 be busy
sizin' up wan anither in a kin o' supercritical faushon, wunnerin' if "she
made it hersel," or if she "bocht the
straw an' diu.c it up," an' generally
feegurin oot the cost in cauld dollars
an' cents. The man, again, taks up
quite a different attitude. If yaell
generally notice, it's the lassies' feet
he generally looks at first. Yae ken
ycrsel, freens, yaer feet are quite an
important pairt o' yaer body, an' nae
maitter hoo weel onybody is dressed,
if the feet are no' tidy���then yaer
nac cless. If thc feet should bc satisfactory then the lassie's general appearance is focusscd, an if it should
be tae his parteecular fancy, he'll even
go the length o' turnin' roon tae hae
a saicond sweeg at her as she floats
airily by. Hooever, I'm gettin' awa
frae mysel again.
At ony rate, the conversashun the
ither nicht wis quite interestin'.
"What dae yae think o' they strippit
frocks an' coats an' hats the weemen
folk are wearin' the noo?" I asks the
wife; "I think they're rale braw; I
dinnie min' when I saw the weemen
folk sae weel dressed as I hae this
"Yae bletherin' auld fule," she replies, but I could see a bit twinkle
in the comer o' her e'e that made
mc go on.
"I think yae wud look very weel
yersel in wan o' they wee short yins,
Missis Macpherson; I dinnie ken what
kin' o' stuff they're made o', but it
cannie be very dear���is it no' the same
stuff we used tae mak oor windy
blinds at hame oot o'?"
"Maister Macpherson," she says, "I
dinnie want ony o' yaer impertinence.
I'm the best jidge o' what's the richt
thing for me tae wear ��� an what's
mare, a man cam tae your time ��� o'
life, should be devotin' yaer min' tae
things higher than weemen's skirts."
"I wisnie suggestin that they should
be ony higher "
"Its no' the skirts���its yaer mind,"
she interrupts. "It's yaer thochts I
wis mcanin' should bc higher."
"Hooever," she goes on; "scein'
yaere sae inquisitive aboot weemen's
dress (yae ocht tae think shame o
yersel, a' the same), I micht inform
yae that there's quite a bit difference
atwecn an up-tae-date sports suit an'
an auld country windy blind. You
men never seem able tae pit onything
at its proper vailue."
"Are   yae   includin'   yersel,   Missis
Macpherson "
"Nane o' yaer impidencc, Sandy,"
she says; "an' I micht inform yae
that while some o' the weemen folk
are very becomin' (Chase me I says)
itbers again are perfectly ridiculous in
them, especially," an' she hauls hersel
"Aye, yae wis gaun tae say, especially if they're auld an' maybe
a wee bitty owre heavy." I answers
"Naw, Sandy, yae dinnie get me
richt. I hae nae objeckshun tae ony
woman wearin' onything she chooses
���but if she wears a thing that disnie
become her, weel she's better tae be
oot o' the faushon. And I hae seen
some awfu' frichts in sports suits this
"Aw, weel, I'll grant yae that, Missis Macpherson," 1 says; "yaell fin'
the same thing in men; boo often dae
yae see a man in kilts wi' a pair o'
legs like matches strutlin about���yet
that wudnie infer lhat he comes frae
the laund o' cakes, he's mare than
likely an Englishman. In the same
| wey a woman micht wear a sport
suit yet yae wudnie hae ony idea o'
her bein' a sportswoman."
"Yae can hae yaer ain ideas o' the
dress oot here, Sandy," she says; "but
there wis jist as weel dressed weemen
at hame���though they maybe wore
their frocks longer than some o' the
limmers yae see paradin' the streets
o' Vancoover."
"Aw, noo yaeve come tae the pint,
Missis Macpherson," I says; "I wud
suner a hunner times see the lassies
short skirties here than yaer auld
country street sweepers. Me for the
short skirts, Missis Macpherson," 1
"Weel, whatever yae say ycrsel,
Sandy," an' she made an excuse tae
get awa. She wisnie in her usual con-
viucin' style a' the same. As the
auld song says���
"The world would bc dead without
the nice young girls."
Yours through the heather,
���^-fr   From Our Readers
Sir,���As one of tiie many unfortunate owners of property in South Vancouver, I wish, through your columns,
to voice my protest against the action
of the Reeve and Council in deciding
to hold another tax sale this year.
Last year's sale caused enough mis-
go lower and lower the more tax sale
is talked about. The Reeve's high-
sounding talk about protecting the
credit of the municipality is absolute
rot in the face of present conditions.
Thc credit of the municiuality is down
to zero now, and the only way to
raise it is not by tax sales, which
force values lower    and drive people
Through the Scenic Paradise of the World
At this season of the year many
thousands of business men and women arc wondering where to spend
their brief holiday from the cares and
worries of business so that Ihey may
return to the desk or store mentally
and physically invigorated, ready for
another year's work. Possibly no holi
day can bc taken under more health
fill, restful and invigorating conditions than on shipboard, where the
conveniences and luxuries of a first-
class hotel are at all times available.
When to the conveniences of a modem hotel is added a smooth passage,
amid health-giving sea breezes and
an ever-changing panorama of the
most magnificent scenery in the world
the acme of holiday travel is attained
And when the facilities for such a
holiday are at our door, the wonder
is that all who can spare a couple of
weeks away from business do not a-
Do you ask for, and get, just a "loaf of bread," or do
you, like the wise, discriminating buyers, order
SMAX and
These are wholesome, nutritious���made in a modern,
sanitary bakery���in every detail as good bread as
conscientious effort can make them.
Every loaf crisp, tender, delicious���done to a turn.
If your grocer cannot supply you, phone Fairmont
443 and we'll get it to you prompt.
Bakers of Better Bread
Tills In ii plrtlire of one of the   1.7-lnWi  cnis ot UnHoil StntPM   drill
toward  the   .Mexican side lit ��1 Piiho ns i
iirtlllery,     one   of  the
nIkii of nrt'iuireiliHiHM
m:i:iy   pieces   nmv   pointed
ery and distress to hundreds of poor
people without inflicting further punishment on the community at a time
when it is next impossible to sell at
any price or to borrow money from
any source to pay back taxes. Why
should the Council take such drastic
action during this time of acute financial distress, which has been greatly
aggravated by the war now raging in
Legislation was placed on the statute books last year, enabling municipalities to borrow on delinquent taxes,
and several of them have taken advantage of the law, including the City
of Vancouver. I understand that
North Vancouver has just negotiated
a loan for this purpose at 97 cents on
the dollar. Why cannot South Vancouver do likewise? If the Council
does not do so, instead of holding another tax sale, thc only conclusion one
can arrive at is that thc object aimed
at is not to raise money, but to deprive the people of their property,
and it is well known that thc vast majority of thc resident's of South Vancouver arc people of small means. No
combination,- association of money
loaning sharks would go further in
exacting their pound of flesh. The
last tax sale forced scores of people
to let their property go for whatever
they could get in order to save something from the wreck. I know of
cases where owners were willing to
sell lots assessed at $300 each, for $40
rather than let them go to the purchasers at the tax sale.
The Reeve boasts about his success
as a collector, aud he has adopted the
most up-to-date methods, including
sending notices threatening to sue
personally for the amounts owing.
Does he ever count the cost in human misery to the poor victims, many
of whom were induced to purchase
by oily-tongued sharks. Does he
think he was elected to act as a collecting agency for the bond-holders,
instead of working to advance the interests of the municipality. Why
should not these bond-holders bear
some portion of the burden by waiting
for 12 months or two years for their
South Vancouver can recuperate
and pay everybody in full if its affairs are properly managed, but if we
allow the present Reeve and part of
the Council to have their way I see
nothing ahead for most of the property owners but ultimate ruin, as values'
away, but by putting forth earnest
and united effort to get industries established in thc municipality.
The Council take great credit for
protecting the property of the soldiers at the front but what about the
many single women and widows who
have neither sons or husbands who
can don the uniform, and who will
be in poverty if they lose their property.
I trust tllis matter will be taken up
at once by others, and that some action will bc taken to prevent further
spoliation, further mental anguish to
property owners, and further injury
to the best interests of the municipality.
Vancouver, July "th,  1916.
For Sale
$150 CASH
Through their representative   .
going to the War, the famous
Australian firm  of  Trewhellas
want   to   immediately    quit   6
(SIX) of their world-renowned
Tree and Stomp Grubber*
$150   EACH   CASH
for the full equipment, which
was selling at $200 before the
big rise in materials. Otherwise���we are instructed to return them to Australia if NOT
OPPORTUNITY for anyone
wanting the world's best clearing machinery.
Send CASH $150 and Order
Now to
The Campbell
Storage Co., Ltd.
vail themselves of the opportunity,
especially when for a comparatively
small sum a luxurious trip may be taken to tliat land of mystery and romance, the Great Northland���Alaska.
Not to all does the call of the North
appeal with sufficient vigor to cause
one to pack and hike for the "Land
of thc Midnight Sun;" but few there
are to whom stories of the hunt for
gold along the banks of the Yukon
and the Klondike have not appealed
at some time in their life, and caused
a desire to see for themselves some
of the places and scenes which have
figured so largely in the history of
the North.
To all who live in British Columbia and particularly iu Vancouver,
comes now the opportunity of visiting those places under ideal conditions. For the sum of $60.00 the C.P.R.
undertakes to give the holidaymaker
a 2.000 mile trip through a veritable
wonderland of scenic grandeur from
Vancouver to Skagway and return,
and to provide passengers on its palatial steamers, thc Princess Alice,
Sophia with berth and meals en route.
Who with time and money to spare
can resist so tempting an offer?
Passing along the quiet waterways
of the "Inside Passage," protected
from the storms and waves of the
Pacific, the steamers after leaving
Vancouver convey their passengers
amid scenery which for beauty and
variety cannot be excelled in any part
of thc world. The famous fjords of
Norway and Sweden, the Alps of
Switzerland, the heauty of the Thousand Islands of the St. Lawrence, have
been described by travellers for generations past; but all fade into the
background when compared with the
magnificent grandeur of the scenes
which the steamer wends its way to
As the vessel moves northward
through the Gulf of Georgia, with
Vancouver Island on the left and the
Mainland on the right, many points
of interest are passed, and at Seymour Narrows those interested may
note the point where it is suggested
that some day a span may be built for
a railway to connect the Island with
the Mainland. Shortly after passing
through the Narrows, Alert Bay is
reached, where the tourist may see
the famous totem poles side by side
with modern industries; then on to
Bella Bella and  the open  waters  of
Queen Charlotte Sound, prior to entering the inside channel leading to>
the harbor of Prince Rupert, thc Western terminus of thc Grand Trunk Pacific Railway.
Forty miles north of Prince Rupert
the international boundary between
the Alaskan and Canadian waters is
crossed at Dixon's Entrance, and from
that point the scenery grows more and
more interesting. The mountains rise
to noble heights the fjords narrow
down to the width of a river, then
suddenly widen out in a most picturesque manner, with a background of
rugged grandeur.
Ketchikan, the first American port
of call, the headquarters of a thriving
industry and one of the chief customs centres in Alaska, is reached a-
bout eight hours after leaving Prince
Rupert, and from Ketchikan the vessel threads its way through Wrangell
Narrows amid a very Paradise of nature's wonderful scenery, including
the Taku Glacier, thc whole voyage
in the Narrows delighting the eye and
recalling the many legends of the native Indians by whom the troublous^
waters of the Narrows are regarded
with  superstitious awe.
Beyond the Narrows lies Juneau, on
the Gastineau Channel. Juneau, the
capital of Alaska, and the site of oner
of the most famous gold mines extant.
Opposite is the thriving city of Douglas and beyond the Treadwell mine,
one of the oldest gold producers in.
the North. It is a mighty mountain
of ore which is continually being dug
away, and with the Alaska Gatineatt
plants, employs a very large number
of men. In Juneau are many objects
of interest and the time spent here
will be fully occupied.
From Juneau the route lies up the
Lynn Canal to Skagway. Leaving
the Gastineau Channel thc vessel enters a wide bay leading on the last
passage through the mountains, which
grow steeper and ever steeper, and
the passage narrower till Skagway is
reached, nestling beneath a sheer precipice. Skagway���once the stamping
ground of "Soapy" Smith, the notorious political Boss who practically
controlled what was probably the
wildest and wickedest town in the
world. Here, on Sylvester Wharf,
the tourist may see the spot where
"Soapy" was shot on the day when
the better citizens decided to reform
the town, which is now a model of
Should the visitor desire, he may
proceed from Skagway over the White
Horse Pass to Dawson or Atlin, or
any point in the Yukon territory, then
journey back through a thousand
miles of the most picturesque and
magnificent scenery it is possible to-
Tickets on sale daily,
June 1 to September
30, 1916.
Return limit three
months, not to exceed
October 31.
For full
particulars apply
to any
C. P. R.
Agent SATURDAY, AUGUST 12. 1916
Prairie People Charge that B.C. Lumbermen
Are Conspiring to Keep Prices Up
���Jf -Jf * * * * # s * * %   ' Jf * sjc if
Winnipeg Tribune Takes Advantage of the Occasion to Print Interesting and Educational Article on Need of Lower Customs Duties on Imports
*"< -ie % * * * *r* X # # % i? "ie %
oppressive than the times of McCarthy, Bowel!, Thompson, Blake, O'Brien and others. The Government
is not alone enforcing a fearful tariff, partially upon the plea of loyalty,
war tax, etc., but it is imposing arbitrary and wholly unjust overvaluation
on imported goods. It is a trick that
even  the  Kaiser would not dare at
tempt in Germany. How long will the
conspiracy continue? That depends
on the people.
Conditions generally, and the enormous cost of living, cannot improve
under laws designed to benefit the
few at the expense of the many.���
Winnipeg Tribune.
If thc facts arc as set forth in the
appended letter from "A Lumber
Dealer." there is a conspiracy in existence between the Dominion Government and British Columbia magnates that is outrageous and intolerable. The letter:���
"We are often asked why lumber
has gone up so much in price since
last fall, when there is so little demand for it. Thc reason of this is
. :i account of the dumping clause in
the Tariff  Regulations.
"Rough lumber is on the free- list,
with the exception of a 7 1-2 per cent.
war tax, but the price of it has been
increased $4.00 per thousand and much
more on finished or higher grade hunker.
"The way it is done is as follows:���
The British Columbia manufacturers
have succeeded in getting thc Dominion Government to put what they call
a dumping clause in the tariff regulations, which in the hands of obedient
Customs Officials, prohibit any kind
of lumber entering Canada from the
United States.
"Rough lumber can be bought at
Seattle or Tacoma for $8.00 per thousand, f.o.b. cars, at these points, and
the freight to Manitoba is about $10.-
00 per thousand, this with the 7 1-2
per cent, war tax, which is equal to
about 60 cents per thousand, should
make the cost about $18.60 f.o.b. Manitoba points, but the Customs Officer, where the lumber enters Canada,
applies the dumping clause, and revalues the lumber at from $4 to $10
per thousand more than the customer
raid for it, and collects the difference
along with the war tax and duty,
which makes thc lumber cost more
than it would otherwise cost. This
prohibits any kind of lumber from
coming into Canada from the United
States, and so enables thc British
Columbia manufacturers to collect
from $4.00 to $10.00 per thousand
more from their customers, than the
same lumber could be purchased for
without the dumping clause, or lumber which now costs us $22.50 per
thousand, could be bought for $18.50
per thousand if there was no dumping
clause. This means that the Dominion Government and the British Columbia manufacturers have formed a
conspiracy, by thc use of the so-called
dumping clause, to rob the lumber
consumers of all Western Canada out
of $4.00 to $10.00 per thousand on all
the lumber they have to use. What
is to be thought of a people who will
tolerate such villainy on thc part of
their Government? Protection for
home manufacturers, so long as they
supply their customers at as close a
price as the same goods can bc bought
from the open market, might be tolerated, but a combination such as the
Government dumping clause has made
possible, is an outrage on the common people."
* *   *
It may be said that the lumber dealer i.ns a personal interest in protesting. D, ilbtless he has. The main
question, at the outset, is as to the
facts. Has he stated thc truth? If
so, he recites facts in complete harmony with the experience of many
others. The main study of the Government seems to be how to gratify
thc wishes of those who are fencing
in Canada as a vast preserve for the
special benefit of special, legislation
favored interests. Only thc other
day, in these columns, it was shown
that a farmer paid a duty of 55 per
cent., over-valuation included, on some
machinery. Arbitrary valuation is
now a general experience. The Government acts upon the bidding of the
special interests, not the average importer. This bleeding process must
be stopped. The fight for fair taxation and greater freedom in trade has
been waged for a period covering the
average lifetime of a man, and today
the shackles are more unbearable than
ever before. To those who may be
unacquainted with the struggle for
freedom we refer them to a splendid
fight put up by a section of the Young
Conservatives of Toronto in 1892, under the leadership of Mr. Archibal
Armstrong, who was endorsed by a
vote in his Association of 575 to 291.
He protested against the protectionist
policy  that  retarded   the  growth  of
* * *
In the same year the Industrial Brotherhood of, Canada, at a meeting on
the 1st October, 1892, passed the following resolution*.
"Resolved, that the fiscal policy of
our country is a farce as it purposes
to benefit the masses; that it increases
the cost of living, decreases the purchasing power  of the wage laymen
of all classes, is eating the vitals out
of thc Dominion, scattering the members of every family, so that thc fathers and mothers are forced to sec
tlieir sons and daughters leave home
���leave home and kindred���that a few
may roll in superabundance; that cvery lawful means be used to rectify
the wrongs created and maintained by
the present system."
At a great convention of the Patrons of Industry, held in Toronto early in 1894, when the executive committee was requested to submit a
petition to the Government in the first
paragraph of which they described
their own position, as follows:���"That
fifteen years' experience of a protective trade policy has shown no improvement in thc position of the farmer."
Thc late Mr. Dalton McCarthy,
Q.C., made a remarkable confession
in connection with the adoption of
the National Policy by thc Conservative party in 1878. In an address delivered at St. Mary's, October 22, 1893,
speaking of the period when Mr. Mackenzie was in power, he said:  :
"No doubt in the world that we
were out of power and by going in
for the N.P., and taking the wind out
of Mr. Mackenzie's sails, we got into
power. We became identified with
thc .protective policy, and if Mr. Mackenzie had adopted the protective policy, we would have been free traders.
I am willing to make this confession,
if Mr. Mackenzie had been a protectionist there would have been nothing
left for us but to be free traders. . . .
We adopted the N. P., and we told
you, at least I did, because I was very
young and simple at the time, that
we were going to make everybody
* * *
The Manitoba Legislature, in adopting a resolution in February, 1894,
made the  following declaration:
"Whereas the so-called National
Policy brought into effect iu 1879
when the protective tariff was adopted, and under which the duties on
imports have since been increased,
thus enhancing prices and prospering
combines, has had thc effect of placing further excessive burdens upon
our settlers, thus rendering agricultural pursuits unprofitable, it is desirable that articles necessary to the
prosecution of agriculture be placed
upon the free list, and on all other articles a tariff imposed for revenue."
During the visit of the Hon. George
E. Foster to Winnipeg,, in 1894, the
council of the Board of Trade.of this
city presented a memorial, setting
forth the grievances of the people, in
the following manner:
"The  council  respectfully  submit:
"That the customs duties on goods
coming into Canada should be reduced
to the lowest point, consistent with
a revenue tariff.
'Tliat all specific rates of duty be
abolished, and that all duties be abolished, and that all duties be levied on
an ad valorem basis.
"That the Government be empowered, upon evidence given of the existence of a combine to maintain or
increase prices, to lower or abolish
by order-in-council the import duty
on articles affected by such combine.
"The council maintains that the increased importations at lower rates
of duty than now prevail would tend
rather to increase than diminish the
revenue derived by the Dominion;
many of the duties now in force are
absolutely prohibitive and, therefore,
no revenue now accrues to the Government.
"The council submits that manufacturers of many lines of staple
goods in Canada have formed combines, and based their prices, not on
the cost of manufacture plus a fair
profit, but oivthe value which similar
goods from abroad cost laid down in
Canada, duty paid. This being the
case, the consumer pays an excessive
price for his goods, and the Government does not secure a revenue; the
manufacturer being the only gainer."
* * *
During the session of 1893 representatives of the Patrons of Industry
waited upon the Government ot urge
consideration of grievances set forth
in a petition presented to the House,
signed by 27,000 Patrons of Industry,
which commenced as follows:
"That the agricultural interests of
the country are not in as prosperous
conditions as we would desire; that
tariff legislation for the purpose of
assisting the manufacturing interests
of the country has been taken advantage of by such manufacturing interests so as to unduly enhance the pri
ces of many such article! as are indispensably necessary to farmers in
carrying  on  their business.'
In 1891, one of the greatest of nil
Canadians, , the late lion. Edward
Blake, arraigned the policy that retarded Canada's growth al tliat period as it is doing now. lie spoke of
some of the evils of restrictive legislation:
"Worse; far worse! It lias left US
with lowered standards of public virtue and a death-like apathy iu public
opinion; with racial, religious and pro-
��� Bicycle Notes & Wanderings
By   Rover
old Country cyclists never tin   ol
talking of llie good old cycling days.
Whenever two ..r three old country
riders gather together the oh', linn
club runs an- always fully discussed.
The  quiet  jaunts  th
vincial  animosities    rather    inflamed  uas in old  w��.rld villa8e Pubs*
than soothed; with a subservient Parliament, an autocratic Executive, debauched constituencies and corrupted
and corrupting classes; with lessened self-reliance and increased dependence on the public chest and on legislative aids, and possessed withal by
a boastful jingo spirit far enough removed from true manliness, loudly
proclaiming unreal conditions and exaggerated sentiments, while actual
facts and genuine opinions arc suppressed.
are a never failing source of regret.
Thc recent revival of an oh.' time gathering of high bicycle riders on the
famous Ripley Road near London, has
brought me many inquiries as to the
introduction of the bicycle into Canada, and thanks to the Toronto Sunday World I am able to furnish some
interesting details.
In these days of motor cars electric cars and motorcycles the reign
of the old-fashioned high wheel bicycle    with   its   extraordinary   wheel
',i uooi',, and wished to compare notes
He went up. and the two tried each
.,tiler's machine-, ind ran a friendly
race. The young fellow was T. C,
Robinette, oi Toronto.
Harry Goulding was tlie pi-.in-i-r    y-
wonderful  club , clist of Toronto.
Two famous bicycle clul s were in
existence in th-.se days, representing
all the young athletes of the town.
The Toronto Bicycle Club and the
Wanderers, together represented a
very large membership, and there was
much good natured rivalry between
them. The social feature, too, of
those old time clubs was very strong,
and tbe good feeling and close fellowship which existed between all members has left the pleasantest memories
among those who are living today.
Those were the days of really good
A  group uf the must   fliiHOUN French  kiiiih.  the
fieh! pieces or 75 millimetres, "resting" after
Verdun front
"It has left us with our hands tied,
our future compromised, and in such
a plight that, whether we stand or
move, we must run some risk which
else we might have either declined or
encountered with greater promise of
"Yet let us never despair of our
country! It is a goodly land; endowed with grcat recuperative powers
and vast resources as yet almost un-
depth of 48 to 60 inches seems cut
iously remote.
It  is  over  30 years  ago  since   th
first  bicycle   was  ridden   in   Canada,  ber of the club would be on hand, and
sport and
of   a   wheelman
from anv  outsk
The country run also became a ragt
until every town and hamlet within
a long radius was frequently invaded
as is the case now with the motorist.
* * ���
Then there came an extraordinary
craze among the debutantes of tS*
high wheel, the desire to polish off
one hundred miles in a day, and this
became known as the "Century Run."
Hundred! were seized with this
strange passion, and modern Ichabod
Cranet, astraddle the flimsiest of
wheels, might have been seen dashing
wildly over the country roads In a
mad desire to eat up thc centurj
miles before the da) ended or the rider
droppi d I     ��� isted.
The amateur racing meet spread
ovei the entire country like an epidemic, until a new sporting page har.
to he devoted to the new pastime,
and the record breaking that followed.
Dr. Doolittle was the first local champion of tin- Canadian Wheelman's Association, organized in 1881, The first
meet was in London, 'int.. in 1882.
W. G. Ross i Iir. Koss of Montreal)
was the next to beat Dootittle's record, and he was followed in 1885 by
C. F. Lavender, who beat all previous
champions, a position he kept for tw
or three years. Dr. Doolittle has Mill
in his possession some of the trophies
of these days, the earliest, a serviette
ring, won at the first race in Pt.
Thomas, 1882.
* * *
The organization of clubs extended
from local to provincial and Dominion. The Ontario Wheelman's Association was a very famous one of
these. Many an old timer will remember the annual meets and lively discussions which took place, all of
which seem far removed from these
* *   *
Many of tlie cycling feats at which
young Torontonians got quite expert
would be considered quite risky and
acrobatical today. When one pictures
the height and structure of these machines, for instance, the favorite way
to coast down hill was to put legs
..ver  hands  across  the  handlebars;  a
Iposition that would at first seem most
insecure in case of a spill, but it was
.really the most sensible, once an even
balance had been  gained;  for  should
I the machine tip, thc  rider would be
! sure of being precipitated, if not upon
his feet, at least right end up.
I.lyod Harris, now M.P. for Brant-
I ford, rode the highest wheel, a 60-in.
Great pride was taken in thc appearance of these  first machines.    They
wire groomed and polished each day,
I the earliest ones being nickel-plated,
and cost about $150 to buy.   There is
still one of these old bicycles in possession of a Toronto man, P. II. Mc-
r.-.,......�� :....iut> .... llie L.^ an Apollo, made by Singer, of
| Coventry,    England.      Mr.    McBride
 -purchased this machine in 1890.    It is
still in good preservation today, and
camaraderie.    Ill  the event j,e W0U]<1 not part with it.    It is inter-
to   Toronto
���very mem-
and it is an interesting fact that the
pioneer of these first bicycles was also
the first man ill Toronto at least to
own a motorcycle, which he helped to
construct, and later the first owner of
an automobile. The very first bicycle
to appear in Canada was ridden by
developed; inhabitated by populations Toronto man, Dr. Doolittle, who then
moral and religious, sober and indus
trious, virtuous and thrifty, capable
and instructed���the descendants of a
choice immigration, of men of mark
and courage, energy and enterprise, in
thc breasts of whose children still
should glow the sparks of those ancestral fires."
* *    *
Canada, since those days, has passed
through a period where the speculator reigned supreme, and the enor-
mouus expenditures on railway building also closed the eyes of hundreds
of thousands to the real condition of
tilings and the future.
Combines have been perfected. Senator McCallum (Conservative) warned thc Government and thc people
that if combines were not checked
'in the bud they will ruin this country yet." What other power, save
that of combines, influence the Government to impose the unreasonable
restrictions and over-valuation in the
case of lumber importations?
Ex-Premier Sir Mackenzie Bowell
intimated on one occasion that combines can only exist under a high duty.
Col. O'Brien, at one time a prominent member of the Conservative party in the House of Commons, said,
"combination has entirely destroyed
competition, and today the price of
every thing manufactured in this
country, speaking in general terms,
is raised just as high as the tariff will
It should be quite unnecessary to
cite authorities. A man's common
sense should tell him that when he
pays more than an article is worth in
a greatly restricted market, and his
labor is sold in a free market he is
bound to suffer.
The days that are upon us are more
lived in Ayhncr. It was a homemade machine, made by liis father,
with iron wheels, a backbone constructed of a piece of gas pipe, a piece
of wood for a saddle, and two wooden blocks for pedals..   On this marvel-
turn   out  to   welcome   the   stranger;
there   was   a   spirit   of   Freemasonry
among all, such as there is not in any
branch of sport today.    Before starting on a run a "whipper in" was appointed, whose  duty  was  i     keep at
thc tail end. and look alter those w'io
j fell by the way, and many kindly stor-
lies are recalled of -.ne  of these men
l who unselfishly  filled  the  post  time
after time.   Tiie whole countryside in
those days wa- open to thc men of tin-
wheel, as thi   machine!  wen   such a
novelty that people were always glad
Ions piece of mechanism young Doo- ���
little rode 50 miles, and so great wasj-io>'0(1 nuu
his excitement !o try the trip that he tr>* bouses
got up at one a.m., and  by  .sunrise |
but   the   doctor  recalls  today   that   it
had   completed   three-fourths   of    his
journey   from   Aylmer   to   Strathroy
took  practically  the  rest  of  the  day
to  make   the  last  quarter   from   St.
Thomas, and he was so stiff for many
days afterwards that a standing position   was  preferred  to  anything  approaching a ?eat.    This journey of 50
miles took nineteen hours to accom- little
ihe riders, and they en-
h ispitality at the coun-
* * *
Young Doolittle's second attempt at
bicycle construction was made the
following year when a musket barrel
was utilized for the backbone, and rubber tires replaced the iron rims. In
that year, 1876, the first bicycles had
been imported from England to Philadelphia, and a picture of one on exhibition there was shown in the Scientific American; from this picture he
made his second machine, which was a
thing of beauty compared with his
former one, and the hard rubber tires
were considered the last possible
improvement. The weight of this machine, it is interesting to note, was
forty-eight pounds, while the imported machines weighed from sixty to
seventy pounds. A little before this,
and a few months after his visit to
Strathroy. on the famous iron wheel,
young Doolittle was invited to pay a
return visit there, as a young school
teacher   had   constructed   a   machine
A favorite 1. cal run was from the
centre of the citj out east to King
ston Road, Members would meel eacl
morning in Queen's Park : r this
"spin." The i Id-time bicycle meet
was a popular affair that attracted
hundreds to the old Rosedale lacrosse grounds and some wonderful
racing was done on the "big-and-
whcclcd machines.
The club runs were also popular
features, hundreds used to line up on
evenings throughout the summer for
a spin through the city, which was another favorite route even though the
old cedar block pavement, with its
treacherous holes, caused many a
header on some of these around-town
wheeling parades. The machines were
often decorated in the evening- with
Chinese lanterns, which gave a very
pretty effect.
esting to know that it was ridden as
recently as last year, a much treasured possession which formed s link
with the good old sporting day?.. On
this machine Mr. McBride covered 1,-
400 miles of travel through Europe.
visiting France, Switzerland and parts
of England. Thc story of this tour,
which was taker, with several members of the Toronto Cycling Club, was
published in book form, entitled "A
Summer's Cycling Tour.''
(Continued on page 6)
Graduation Day
is Over
PARENTS ���Have you purchased that bicycle you promised your child if he or she did
well in the school examinations!
1 car. fii you out with the
exact machine you want. You
cannot give a child a more
health-giving or economical gift.
Call and talk the matter over
with me. Bring thc youngster
with you.
The Cycle Man
for    47-page    illustrated
catalogue���post free.
Massey-Harris Bicycles
For Rapid Delivery or Messenger Service, the "MASSEY" is a
general favorite.
Built to stand the hardest usage, very easy running.
MEN'S ROADSTER, $46.00. IMPERIAL, $30.00
Under the Spreading Chestnut Tree
She Usually Is
Tne Merry One���Cheer up old man.
U'hy don't you drown your sorrow?
I The Sad One���Because she's stron
ger than I am, and, besides, it would
be murder.
�� * *
"I've brought back those eggs you
gave me this morning," said the new
bride, as ahc began to take the articles in question from her basket
"They're duck eggs." "Duck eggs!"
sneered the grocery boss. "You're
mistaken, ma'am. I don't never sell
no duck eggs." "But I tested them,"
triumphed the matrimonial novice. "I
dropped them into water and they
* * ��
Aunt Edith���Edith, didn't I sec Mr.
Sweetscr kissing you in the hall last
night? Edith���Yes; bul it was only in
remembrance of former days. Aunt
Jane���A sort of souvenir spoon, I
suppose you mean.
* * *
Out of the Mouths of Babes
"Tommy," said the teacher, "can
you tell me what the son of a king
is called?"
"Yes, ma'am," replied thc little fellow.   "He is called the jack."
* * *
Little Maggie ��� I have a new
changeable silk dress to wear next
Little   Lola���Huh,   that's   nothing.
All my clothes are changeable.
�� �� *
For nearly six hours the court had
been convulsed with the evidence given in a sensational action for breach
of promise. The many ridiculous love
letters had been read, commented
upon, and heartily laughed at; counsel
had spoken, the judge had summed
up, and the jury had retired to consider their verdict.
"Well, gentlemen," said the foreman, "how much shall we give this
young man?"
"Look here," said one of the jurymen, "if I understand aright, the
plaintiff doesn't ask damages for
blighted; affections, or anything of
that sort, but only wants to get back
what he's spent on presents, holiday
trips, etc."
"That is so," agreed the foreman.
"Well, then, I vote we don't give
him a penny," said the other hastily.
"If all the fun he had with that girl
didn't cover the amount he expended
it must have been his own fault. Gen
tlemen,  I  courted  the girl  once myself."
Verdict for the defendant.
*    ��� *
Her���No doubt you think I am older than I really am. Him���Not at all.
I'm sure you are not as old as you
�� * *
Junior Partner (engineering firm)
���That Cotrox cub don't seem to be
good at anything.
Senior  Partner���Oh,  I  dunno.    At |
drawing  up  plans  for  a  vacation  he
has them all beat.
A very interesting folder has been
published by the B. C. Electric Railway Company on Fishing Streams within an hour or two of Vancouver.
The folder contains information ou
the best places for fishing, along the
lines of the B. C. Electric and an authoritative list of the baits to use
and times to fish, .edited by one of
the foremost fishermen of the Province. Copies of the folder can be
obtained at all Ticket Offices of the
Company and leading sporting goods
stores, or by phoning to Seymour
An event of interest took plac-.! recently at the headquarters of the Canadians when Her Royal Highness
Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll,
[���lesented to the Canadian forces in
England a beautiful siil: Union Jack
and silver shield, th i gift of the women and children of the United Kingdom through the League of Empire
in London. Among those present were
Major-General Steele, who received
the presentation; Mrs. and Miss
Steele, Mrs. MacDougatl, Brig.-
General Landray, Senator J. Landiy,
Sir George Foster, the Earl of Meath,
Sir Robert Perks, Mr. J. G. C. Col-
mer, Major-Gencral Sir Alexander
Wilson, Colonel Johnson, Hon. A. L.
and Mrs Sifton. Colonel Pelletier,
Agent-General for Quebec; Major
Casgrain and Mr. George McL.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. J. L. G. Abbott and
their son have returned from Rainbow Lodge, Aha Lake
He is <a successful manufacturer
who never makes mistakes.
* * *
Even the ignorance that is now bliss
may generate a lot of pleasure.
��� * *
Don't waste your time hunting
trouble; it will find you soon enough.
* * *
Some men kick because they are
unable to discover where the shoe
* * *
A man who sees a double keyhole
every time he comes home late has
no business with  the  key to success.
* * *
We believe that any man who attempts to match his logic against a
woman's tears is one kind of a  pad-
'ed cell candilate.
* * *
Things go best for people who take
them as they come.
* �� *
A man visits his relations when he
has nowhere else to go.
* * *
A girl is hardly pleased with her
photograph if it looks like her.
* * *
A fool and his money are much
respected while they remain together.
�� * *
1'he more a woman has in her head,
the less she thinks about what is on
* * ��
Some men never go to church because when the fishing isn't good the
weather is bad.
* * *
A merchant can get along without
advertising and so can a wagon without grease, but it goes slow.
It Is a sleeveless wedding gown, something very unusual. The bodice
consisted ot a.high loose girdle ot lace with shoulder straps made ot bands ot
lace set with pearls that hung in loops on either side. The skirt was draped
Grecian style over bands ot the pearl set lace that crossed in front and continued loosely around the bottom ot the girdle. A frill of lace that matched
the girdle shows in the slit at tho bottom ot the skirt. A tulle veil was drawn
simply over the forehead and caught with orange blossoms at the back. The
bride carried a prayer book bound in white with a shower of lilies of the
valley tied with white ribbon.
Does not have to seek a position.   A position seeks him.    Business men seek  "Success" graduates.    We
cannot supply the demand.   Why not get ready now?    Our Fall Term opens September 5th.
COR. 10TH AVE. AND MAIN ST., VANCOUVER      Schools from Coast to Coast      Phone Fair. 2075
Here Are the Standard-Bearers for 1916
Below will be found THE STANDARD'S tabulated list of all the constituencies which have nominated
their candidate for thc coming provincial parliamentary elections, along with the names of thc gentlemen who
are to represent their different parties.
Alberni     H. C. Brewster
Atlin    Frank Mobley
Cariboo     J.  Yorston
Chilliwack     E.D.Barrow
Cowichan      K.  Duncan
Columbia  | John  Buck-am
Comox    Hugh Stewart
Fort George 	
Grand Forks  	
North  Okanagan   .
South Okanagan ..
New Westminster
North ancouver  ..
South Vancouver .
Dr, J. II. King
A. D. Patterson
John  Oliver
A. W. McCurdy
A. I. Fisher
Dr. J. D. McLean
J.  E. Thompson
M. B. Jackson
F. W. Anderson
John  Keen
J. B. Bryson
A. M. Johnson
Wm.  Sloan
Dr.  K. McDonald
Leslie  V.   Rogers
J.   G.   C.  Wood
H. X. McDonald
J. A. Fraser
W. D. Macken
W.  H.  Hayward
Dr. Taylor
M. Manson
T. D. Caven
F. J.  Mackenzie
W. J.  Manson
R. H. Pooley
W. R. Ross
David  Whiteside
A. M. Manson
Dr. Sutherland
W. D. Willson
G. G. McGeer
F. A. Pauline
R. S. Conkling
T. D. Pattulo
Chas.  F. Nelson
Mayor Hanes
J. W. Weart
M. H. Sullivan
Ralph Smith
M.  A.  Macdonald
P.  Donnelly
Dr. Mcintosh
J. S. Cowper
J. W. deB. Farris
H. C. Brewster
John Hart
George Bell
H. C. Hall
Joseph Walters
J. R .Jackson
E. Miller
W. W. Foster
J. P.  Shaw
Neil Mackay
Archie   McDonald
Dr. W. O. Rose
A. E. Planta
Price Ellison
Mayor Jones
Dr. Dier
F. M. Dockrill
Hon. T. Taylor
L. A. Campbell
W. J. Baird
D. M. Eberts
L. W. Shatford
Wm. Manson
W. Hunter
G. H. Morden
Rev. Boulton
Jas. A. Schofield
W. J. Bowser
C. E. Tisdall
Dr. 'McGuire
Walter Leek
A. H. Macgowan
Thos. Duke
Socialist, Lab. or Independent
John   D.   Kendall
Geo.  Casey
W.  A.  Pritchard   (S-.c-.l
J. A. Macdonald (Soc.)
Get Ready! Our graduates are in
demand. We receive more calls for
office help than we can fill. Fall
term opens September 5th. Success
Business College, cor. 10th Ave. and
Main St., Vancouver.
Mrs. A. I. Strike of Calgary, accompanied by her sister, Mrs. A. E,
Ewart and Mr. Ewart of Vancouver
has been visiling in Victoria
�� * ��
The marriage took place on Saturday evening of Miss F. S. Bain,
daughter of Mrs. Bain, Arbutus street,
and of the late W. Bain, East Wellington, B. C, and Scotland, to Mr,
Charles E. Miller of Bradner, B. C.
The ceremony was performed by Rev.
A. D. McKinnon of Kitsilano Prcsby
terian Church. The bride is well
known in Celtic circles, being an active member of the Gaelic Society.
Bicycle Notes and Wanderings
(Continued from page 51
It would hardly be suspected today
that such men as Harry Goulding,
Charles Hailey, Dr. Rigg A. F. Webster, Dr. Geo. H. Orr, Frank Ycigh,
James Lawson, P. H. McBride, Harry
Ryrie and Hal. B. Donley, of the Sim-
coe Reformer, were once enthusiastic
devotees of the big wheel, and worshipped at its shrine as the veriest
schoolboy of today at the shrine of
thc ball.
There were generally several beginners among the crowd, and one
or two whose mission seemed to be
making work for the whippers-in��� by
toppling over the handle bars every
half mile or so. One prominent business man of today confesses that the
only part for which he was famed in
the old cycling days was the spread
eagle act, when he would shoot over
thc handle bars.
* * *
In  the  very  first day's run  of  50
miles to Newcastle to visit the home
of A. Howard Chandler, was regarded as a very great enterprise, but later the more ambitious ones including
A. F. Webster, H. Chandler and Harry Ryrie, ventured on a wheeling tuor
through   FHiropc   in   connection   with_
the Montreal Bicycle Club. This, barring such  a minor     mishap    as  the
breaking  of  one  machine  in    Pari
turned out very successfully, the par
going through France and down the
Rhine into Germany, as well as many
parts of England and Scotland.
The annual club excursion was another outstanding event of the year of
a social nature. On this occasion a
steamer load forsook the wheel for the
day in order to cross the lake, accompanied by their lady friends. This
was the one time when ladies were included in the club's outings, for as
yet, in those days of the now archaic
high wheel, the most radical and venturesome of dames had not essayed to
enter the lists on such a fragile and
risky looking means of locomotion.
It was for long an exclusively made,
and, therefore, selfish pastime, but
many of the best known citizens of
todoy, prominent in the commercial
and civic life of Toronto, had their
fling on, and occasionally off, as some
would tell you, of 1883.
Many an otherwise truthful man
claims to get a larger salary than
he does.
Classified Advertising
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, 48
Hastings St. E��� and 782 Granville
Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Beware   of   the   man   who   has   a
mania  for  offering  apologies.
wanted to clean and repair at the
factory, 438 RICHARDS STREET.
Phone Highland 137
Grandview Hospital
VANCOUVER     -     B.C.
Medical : Surgical : Maternity
Rates   from  $15.00  per  week
John Mclnnes (Soc>
J. A. MacDonald  (Soc.)
S.  Skinner  (Soc.)
Parker Wiliiams (Soc.)
Alex. Lucas
W. J. Ledington .(Soc )
E. T. Kingsley (Soc."i
Wm. McNeish  (Ind. Con.)
Ernest Burns (Soc)
J.  Harrington  (Soc.)
H. G. White (Soc.)
Robt. Cassidy (Ind. Con.)
W.  R. Trotter  (Soc.)
A. F.  Fawcett  (Soc.)
E. C, Appleby (Ind.)
T. P. Townley (Ind.")
J. H. Hawthornthwaite (Soc.)
P. Williams (Soc.)
Dr. E. A. Hall (Ind. Lib.)
P. R. Smythe (Soc.)
Dan Pougard (Soc.)
Know all ye by these presents:
^ That for Factums and Briefs, no printers give
you better satisfaction than 5Hjr $>tattuari\
���IJ That for Letterheads and Envelopes  ��ltp
g-taituaro is the place to buy.
���I That for Book Binding, Engraving, Ruling,
sooner or later you will come to
   YOUR   OFFICE  	 ^^m.
Primarily, look for healthy security and buy from a responsible
Company that has carefully scrutinized the investment.
Second, consider the interest returns.
The safeguards of a true investment can be easily verified. The
B. C. Municipal Bonds we handle are a charge on all properties
within each respective municipality. They yield from 6V> per
cent, to 7'A per cent.   Consult our Bond Dept.in person or by letter.
Canadian Financiers Trust Company
Head Office: 839 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B.C.
PATRICK DONNELLY, General Manager.
Northern Securities Limited
Established 1906
Seymour 1574
We can offer you, subject to prior sale and rise in price, small lots
of from $500 up in gilt-edged Provincial and Municipal Debentures, to
yield 5 per cent, and over. A splendid opportunity for the small
���=i ���*����! ta.1 wztfc
When you telephone you get an
answer instantaneously. You know you
are talking to the party wanted���you
recognize the voice.
Try the Talk-Way. It's quick, it's
Your telephone will take you any
Special rates in the evening.
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Lines
Excelsior Life Insurance Company
Head Office: Toronto
F. J. Gillespie, M. J. Gillespie,
Provincial Manager Provincial Inspector
This old line Company has $1.50 for every dollar of liability.
Our policies are approved by the Dominion Government. The rates
are no higher than other Companies.   "Safety First" is our motto.
"North by West in the Sunlight"
Eight Vessels "8" in Regular Service
Apply to our Publicity Department tor brochures "Outward Bound"
and "Xorth by West In the Sunlight," and particulars on Special Fares,
Hotel Accommodation and Tariffs, etc.
Ilcnil Office!) and Wliarft UNION DOCK, FOOT OF CARRALL STREET
Take Car to Columbia Avenue Phone Seymour 30C
The Hudson's Bay Company
Two hundred and forty-six years
ago King Charles II graciously granted to Prince Rupert and seventeen
other- Noblemen and Gentlemen a
Charter incorporating them as the
"Governor and Company of Adventurers of England Trading into Hud-
Bon's Hay." and securing to them "the
sole trade and commerce of all those
mus. straits, 1 ays. rivers, iakes, creeks
and sounds in whatsoever latitude
ihey shall be, that lie within the entrance of the straits, comm inly called
Hudson's straits, together with all
the lands and territories upon the
countries, coasts and confines of the
seas. Lays, etc, aforesaid, that are not
already actually possessed by thc subjects of any other Christian prince or
state." Xo modern aspirants for
commercial exclusiveness and monopoly could ask for a franchise more
liberal'than this. But this was not
all that went with the charter. The
Hudson's Hay Company was given
lordship and judicial authority over
the territory and "the whole and entire trade and traffic to and from all
havens, bays, creeks, rivers, lakes anil
seas into which they shall find entrance and passage by water or land
out of the territories, limits or places
With this capital and these assets,
the company entered upon a career
that constitutes one of the greatest
romances combined with one of the
greatest business ventures recorded
in history. The enterprise had only
to have existence in order to be successful, but it had to be maintained
for some years as a sovereignty on
the defensive, for French adventurers
and traders were constantly striving
to drive out competition and establish
a monopoly of the ir own. A sum
amounting to ��.3.000,000 was lost or
expended in obtaining a secure foothold. Following the cession of Canada to Great Britain, numerous fur
traders spread over the country and
trespassed frequently upon the domain of the Hudson's Bay Company,
but through a process strikingly similar to that known in the United States
nearly two and a half centuries later,
that is through thc process of merging, absorption and combination, the
larger became possessor of the smaller.
Some changes, some restrictions
and some extensions in its charter
rights were obtained from time to
time. Later, in 1821, when other and
more powerful competition sprang up,
and after the original and the rival
companies were almost exhausted
from the bitter ami prolonged struggli
the bitter received from the former a
license to trade for twenty-one years
over a vast territory lying to the west
and northwest oi the older company's
grant. Still later ibis territory was
thrown open to all.
N'o change of this character, however, affected thc original possessi ns
of the Hudson's Bay Company, li
always up to 1869 held tight to its gift.
In that year, under thc terms ol a
"Deed of Surrender." it passed "to
the Queen's Most Gracious Majesty,
all the rights of Government, and
other right--, privileges, franchises,
and   authorities,   granted   or
rted to be granted to the said
.". rnment and company by the said
recite I Letters Latent of His L;.i.
Majesty King Charles II; and alsi
similar right, which may have beei
exerlised or assumed by the said
Governor and Company in any parts
oi British North America, not forming parts of Rupert's, Laud or of
Canada, -r of llritish Columbia, and
all lands and territories within Rupert's Land���granted or purported to
be granted to the said Governor and
Company by the said Letters Latent."
subject to the terms and conditions
set Oilt in the deed of surrender, including the payment to the company
of ��300,000 sterling on the transfer of
Rupert's Land to thc Dominion of
Canada. In this compact the company was permitted to retain its posts
and stations with a block of land for
each, and these are scattered throughout the territory to this day.
The immensity of the holdings of
the Hudson's Bay Company may be
best expressed, perhaps, in giving the
boundaries of the surrendered territory.    These are:
On the south by the United States
boundary; on the west by the Rocky
Mountains; on the north by the
northern branch of thc Saskatchewan; on the east by Lake Winnipeg
the Lake of the Woods, and the waters   connecting  them,���
One of the most fertile areas in the
world���an empire, if you please,- rich
in all the things that make for an
empire's material greatness. Here
we have a private company that has
carried on business for 246 years,
that has seen the map of the world
changed time and again, that has
seen nations extinguished and nations born; that has dealt in millions
and millions worth of merchandise
that has owned territory larger than
that possessed by some modern governments of the first class; that has
been able to surrender territory which
has been carved, into prosperous
Provinces, and that is still doing i
business at the old stand.
Hudson's Bay, from which the
chartered company of Noblemen and
Gentlemen took- its name, has in these
latter days taken on a fresh interest, in that it bids fair in a short time
to be a link in a new trans-atlantic
route between the Dominion and
Europe. It is only necessary lhat thc
war shall cease in order that other
Hudson's Bay companies shall arise
and. perhaps, attain importance and
wealth even beyond anything dreamed
of by the adventurers of the time
of Charles 11.
Dominion War Loan
By purchasing a bond you will help
to WIN THE WAR and obtain for
yourself an investment of the highest
class yielding a most attractive rate
of interest.
C. E. Jennejr, O. A. P. D.
Phont: 817. (134
W. G. Connolly, C. P. F. A.
527 Grtnvllll Strut
Our  Nickel  Not  Reaching  Getmany1
That not a pound - f nickel refined
fr -n   the ore of Canada reached iter-'
many  since   the  war  began   was   the
positive assurance made bj   Hon. Arthur Meighen, solicitor-general in the'
Canadian   cabinet,   at   the   banquet  of!
the  life   insurance  men  at   Hamilton
last week. This statement, ' e said, was
made to the pe-ph of Canada on the
assurance of  Major  Bell, the government's  supervisor  of  our  nickel   supply and its destination   an officer dc-i
scribed  by  Mr,   Meighen  as  ca| able,
true and trusted.    "All the Canadian
nickel that gets over to Germany will
not save the face of the Kaiser in this
war,"  said  the  speaker.
Mr. Meighen outlined the three'alternatives which confronted the government on thc nickel question when
war broke out. First, they could have
prevented entirely the export of nickel, but the refinery was already established in the United States. To
prevent the export would have stopped the flow of nickel to Great Britain and the allies. It would have
slackened the speed of the munitions
industries in Canada, the United
States, Great Britain and the allied
The second course, which seemed
to have more friends now than a little
while ago, was to have expropriated
by an act of government the natural
resources and establish a refinery of
our own in Canada. To have done this
the nation would have had to purchase the properties at a price based
upon the nickel company's earning
power. Otherwise, it would have
meant confiscation, aud confiscation
was not the practice of British countries. This course would have involved a colossal expenditure at a
time when we were confn nted with a
financial responsibility as great as we
desired. It would have entailed! a delay of a year in order to establish
here a refining plant, a delay at a
time when it would mean the loss of
thousands of lives. We w. uld -till
have had to permit certain exports t
ivf\ certain industries in the United
"The third; alternative was to allow the flow -I nickel to proceed, but
t,, see t" it bj tl 1 stri :tesl p ssible
systc: 1 nf supervision that thi p lie*
of feeding our friends ami starving
our  adversaries   was   : ntinued,    I'l:.
responding period in 1915. June's receipts this year were $459,729.17 or
$19,780.44 less than in the month of
The Big Men of today are the men
who prepared themselves yesterday.
Prepare for tomorrow by securing a
special commercial training at the
Success Business College, cor. 10th
Ave. and Main St., Vancouver.
government had chosei   !  is    '<   third:
course.andth.il hi ivernment's
approval today."
Customs Receipts High
('ustoms rei ei its fi it Vancouver to-
i.iil, ' $479,509.61 for July. The receipts for the same month's lasi yeai
Wen $339,333.63, which show- a gain
of $140,175.98 for  1916 over tin   c 1
Monday, August 14th, will be the
opening day of thc Vancouver Exhibition, and all features of the fair are
now nearly completed. British Columbia manufacturers will be well represented, some 35 B. C. manufacturers having booths in the Manufacturers Building, which is to be devoted
entirely to commercial exhibits. The
booths in this building are nearly all
taken up, and the exhibits to be presented in this department will be one
of the most interesting features of
! thc Fair.
Longfellow's poem, "Hiawatha," has
j been arranged as a drama, under the
'direct supervision of Miss Helen Bad-
gely. and promises to be a first-class
[entertainment.    Forty or fifty actors
will participate in this production and
j Indian dances with appropriate music,
I with a performance lasting one hour,
makes ihis drama well worth hearing.
In thc Better Babies' Contest there
arc   now    aver   1100   entries,   and   the
Local  Council of  Women are r.s-:-t-
ing each day in this di partment.
Entries close.; August "tli, ai
balance of tlie week -."ill Ik tak
in arranging the exhibits for d
The general admission this y
3?c,   but   spe tickets
for   $1.00   arc   obtainable   at   a
li ��� ������ until   Sal
Vugust  12th
When at the Exhibition a-1. ; >r thi
Exhibition official paper, "Greei   .
Gold."   In n yen can got all infori ia
tion and programme of the day. The;
will 1 e distributed every day.
at  4
Doctor (to patient'���You've had a
pretty close call, It's only your strong
constitution that pulled you through.
Patient���Well, doctor remember that
when yon make out youi bill,
Tho nhove pleture
shows  11  Hiiuiu'roil  of  British  neroplimeH   lined up for their ln*t review previous to their flight oversells to tithe pnrt In the  g'rent  Allied  offeniilve.
Phone Seymour 9086
for the safety of your valuables
and Documents.
A  Private  Box
in our Safety Vault
$2.50 Per Annum
K-'"WrMg r
Wt Mmbmb
Clothes Service
Dependable individual clothing in correct style
helps to create in oneself a feeling of optimism
and increased capacity, and to impart that impression to others.
For good clothes at prices to fit the pocket go to
WM. DICK, Ltd.
33   and   47-49   HASTINGS   EAST
Letters and public statements of
leading Prohibitionists admit that
the terms of the Act are such as will
allow both the purchase and consumption of liquor.
The Act means lhat although the Traffic in Liquor
zvill still exist in British Columbia (through the importation and other clauses of the measure) all the
strict control and close regulation of the business, now
possible through the License Laws as administered
by the Provincial Police and the City and Municipal
License Coininissiolis, will be entirely done away with.
In other words, it means the existence of the Traffic
in Liquor throughout the Province -with absolutely no
Government control of ihe business.
Copies of the Pro! 'bition Act (the full text) may be
obtained on application to Merchants' Protective Association, Room 24, Canada ''.. ;fe Building, Vancouver, (Phone
Seymour 1181).
The Impossible Government of B. C.
By Patrick Donnelly, one of the "Straight Six"
Let us consider the stability of the
present government tven for the past
seven mouths as stability in a government is something people have a
right to expect. Those of us who
lived iu B. C. previous to 1903, when
we had coalition governments or iu
other words, no party lines, will not
readily forget the uncertainty that
then existed when we had on an average a new premier each year.
Beginning of Party Lines in B. C.
Therefore it is not to be wondered
at that the people of B. C. were ready
to welcome party government by either of the two great political parties,
and it so happened that the Conservative party was returned in 1903, and
the people, no doubt, felt more secure in placing the government of the
country in the hands of a party that
had party traditions to live up to instead of in the hands of a government of free lances, the members of
which were not united by any party
The Other Extreme
Unfortunately, however, for B. C,
we went to the other extreme in 1912
when we failed to return even one
Liberal member, and the government
of this vast province was placed in
the hands of forty Conservative members, with only two Socialists to check
them iu their career, but in 1916 there
was an awakening.
Vancouver Bye-Elections
When in the bye-elections in Vancouver, the people had an opportunity
of remedying this lob-sided govern--
ment, they spoke in no uncertain
terms and returned a Liberal with
whto I believe to be the largest maj-;
ority ever given to any member of
parliament in Canada, and this against
a cabinet minister seeking re-election,
the Hon. C. E. Tisdall, and a man beyond reproach as a private citizen.
Victoria Bye-Elections
Again a week later in Victoria the
people demonstrated that they wanted
a change by electing H. C. Brewster,
the Liberal leader, who was contesting a seat in Victoria against another
cabinet minister, the Hon. A. C. Flumerfelt, who like Mr. Tisdall is a first
class citizen, but Mr. Flumerfelt bare
ly saved his deposit.
Rossland Bye-Elections
On the same day the Hon. Lome
Campbell, another cabinet minister,
was seeking re-election in Rossland,
and was returned by the small majority of six, while a third candidate,
a Vancouver Socialist, named W. W
Lefeaux. who went to Rossland in a
private train and for the sole purpose
of contesting this election received
49 votes. Practically all of these 49
votes would have gone to Mayor Wilr
son, the Liberal candidate, who is a
lifelong Socialist, had the voters not
been deceived by Lefeaux. It is need
less to say that the Liberals were not
responsible for Lefeaux' spectacular
and extravagant entry into Rossland,
but are the Conservatives so free of
blame? It was freely stated after this
election-that Mr. Ernest Miller, the
Conservative member for Grand
Forks, was responsible for this well-
known and dastardly political trick,
which, in the case of Rossland, deceived 49 voters and enabled the Hon.
Lome Campbell to take his seat in the
House, although he represented a
minority vote of his constituents. It
is to the credit of the supporters of
the present government that they never boast of this election.
Ernest Miller's Reward
But, nevertheless, Ernest Miller received a reward in the shape of a seat
on the tail end of the political cart;
that is, the position of President of
the Council, the portfolio left vacant
so long after the Hon. Carter-Cotton
was jolted out of it.
Trail and the General Elections
This same Lefeaux left Rossland
immediately after the bye-election, but
on May 13th (an unlucky day) Red
Gibbous, the Socialist party organizer,
organized a local at Trail, B. C, There
were 17 present, and a collection for
organization purposes was taken up,
and netted $9.00, after which they unanimously elected Lefeaux secretary-
convenor, and it is rumored that the
same trick will be tried iu Trail at the
general elections with the hope of
defeating Mr. M. Sullivan, the Liberal
candidate. If this trick works a second time, we may expect to see the
Hon. Ernest Miller given a real seal
in the cabinet of his government' that
is, if by hook or crook or by stealing
the soldiers' vote, the government is
again returned to power and the Hon.
Ernest Miller also returned.
Results of Bye-Elections
After the rsults of these bye-elections for the rturn of three cabinet
ministers, one of which was held ii
the capital of the province, one in the
commercial metropolis of the province, and the other in about the next
most populous centre, and the three
together representing more than half
the voters of the province, any self-
respecting government would have
gone to the country at once, but not
so with Mr. Bowser. The sweets of
office are so much to his liking that
he must hold on in defiance of the
wishes of the people, and voted his
friends, the Pacific Great Eastern
Railway Company, another $6,000,000
without an investigation and on top of
almost $7,000,000 they have already received from Mr. Bowser illegally, but
the innocent Mr. Bowser says there
was no evil intent.
No Evil Intent
In law this is the plea made for an
irresponsible person or when no other excuse is possible. But Mr. Bowser must know that if a bank manager
or a trust company manager committed such a flagrant breach of trust as
he committed in this case, the manager would spend the balance of his
natural life in a penitentiary whether
or not evil intent were shown.
Ignorance of Law No Excuse
The law expects even the most illiterate citizen to know the law, and
the ignorance of it will not excuse
one. But still we find the chief lawmaker of the province admitting his
guilt and pleading that there was no
evil intent. This action alone of the
Hon. Mr. Bowser should be sufficient
grounds for the people to drive him
from public office, and with him all
who condone his offence.
Law-Maker is Law-Breaker
When the chief law-maker is the
chief law-breaker, our constitutional
government is a farce.
Position of Attorney-General
Let us consider the stability of this
government as shown by the cabinet
changes in the past seven months.
First, take the position of attorney-
general. This seems the only position
that is really permanent, because no
matter what cabinet eruptions take
place, the Hon. Mr. Bowser can never
be jolted loose from it, not even
when he had four other cabinet ministers' scalps dangling from his belt.
Minister of Lands
Next in permanency comes the position ot Minister of Lands. This portfolio has not been changed, but the
Hon. Wm. Ross who holds this portfolio, considered it advisable to seek
re-election away from his own constituency where he lives, preferring
to run in Prince George where both a
Liberal and a Socialist are nominated,
and a three-cornered fight is possible.
Minister of Agriculture
The position of.Minister of Agriculture was created at the last session so I need not deal with it, as the
Liberals will see to it that this one is
also changed.
Let us consider the premiership.
A carrot in the shape of $15,000 a year
was belli in front of thc Hon. Sir Richard McBride and with a strong and
persistent shove by the Hon. Mr.
Bowser, our illustrious native son became an exile, and the Hon. Mr. Bowser, premier. But still he retained the
attorney-generalship, so we have the
farcical spectacle of Premier Bowser
introducing new Acts of Parliament
and referring them to attorney-general Bowser to assure him that they are
legally correct; then he in turn assures his docile followers that the Act
is all right and commands them to
vote for it and his word is law.
Then if any person dares question
the government acts the reference is
almost invariably to the Lieutenant-
Governor in Council, which is also
Mr. Bowser.
In a speech during his recent tour
Mr. Bowser, referring to his connection with the law firm of Bowser,
Reid and Wallbridge, while attorney-
general for British Columbia, stated
that he had only followed the universal practice in Eastern Canada and in
England of attorney-generals remaining members of their law firms.
Re Regards England
In England the office of attorney-
general can only be held by a barrister
and barristers are not permitted to
become members of law firms, or be
in partnership with solicitors or with
other barristers. This practice is most
rigidly adhered to and any departure
from it would render the offending
barrister liable to be disbarred.
President of the Council
Next in activity is the portfolio of
President of the Council. In the past
seven months, this position has been
adorned by both Wm. Manson and the
Hon. Ernest Miller.
Minister of Mines
The Minister of Mines was changed
twice, and at no time, until a general
election was due, did we hear anything about it.
Provincial Secretary
The Provincial Secretary's position
in the past seven months has been
graced by Dr. Young, Thomas Taylor
and Dr. McGuire. The latter has it
now as a reward for his manipulation
of the prohibition movement.
Public Works Portfolio
Now let us consider the Public
Works portfolio. The Hon. Wm. Taylor was succeeded by the Hon. Chas.
E. Tisdall, but on his defeat the discarded Taylor had to be pressed into
service again, giving us three changes
in this portfolio in seven months.
Minister of Finance
Now we come to thc last, and what
many people consider the most important portfolio of all, that of Minister of Finance. Stability in financial
matters is absolutely necessary, yet
what do we fii*d? We find that this
position has been occupied by four
different men in the past seven
months, Bowser, Flumerfelt, Campbell and Stewart, and in desperation il
would appear that our premier as a
last resort, had to go to an inactive
Liberal to fill this position, which, like
Mr. Flumerfelt and Mr. Tisdall, he
should be able to hold until the people have a chance to express their
opinion, when they will terminate this
patched-tip government. The last
patch, even if it is a Liberal patch,
will not save them.
Vou are certainly missing a
decided luxury If you are not
taking Sou-Van (renin regularly.
Sou-Van Cream Is rich and
thick���pure and wholesome.
It can be used In many waya
for summer dainties ��� with
fruits, puddings, desserts. Jellies, preserves, etc. It cornea
to you pure and clean, In
sterilized bottles���the finest
cream obtalnuble In Vancouver.
Pints    2<>e
Half   pints     10e
Quarter pints    s��
1UC Pint
Have YOU any of O
Our Cream Bottles ���
Owing to the unusual demand for our cream we have
a great many bottles out. As
bottles are hurd to obtain just
now we would ask our customers to please leave the
cream bottles out with the
milk bottles and the drivers
will  collect  them.
South Vancouver
Milk Co.
Notwithstanding that Premier Bowser had 34 candidates, duly nominated
by his party and not holding any portfolios, he did not consider any of them
suitable for the vacant portfolio of
Minister of Finance. This is the most
damaging evidence possible to have
to show the utter incompetency of
these 34 nominees.
15 Cabinet Changes in Seven Months
I have shown that in the past seven
months there have been 15 cabinet
changes, and yet another cabinet minister found it advisable to seek reelection in a constituency not his owu.
Evidently we are back to the unsettled and unsatisfactory conditions existing previous to 1903.
Government Change of Candidates
In addition to cabinet changes, the
government found it. necessary to
change candidates in Chilliwack, Nelson, Fernie, Atlin, South Vancouver,
Fort George and Vancouver, and
Price Ellison had to consent to another convention. It is surely time for
a complete change of government.
Liberal Contract
Contrasted with the government's
"lightning change artists." we have
the solid and united Liberal opposition
of 45 candidates for the 47 seats, Mr.
Brewster running for two seats, and
Parker Williams so far itot opposed
by a Liberal candidate. Four of these
candidates have been nominated for
three years, and the remainder have
practically all been nominated for a
year and a half, yet no new convention was found necessary. The Liberals will therefore go into this fight
with unbroken ranks and absolutely
confident of winning throughout the
The Conservatives' slogan is "The
Solid Six." The Liberals' slogan will
be "Thc Straight Six."
PHONCl MV. 000
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.
Fresh American troops ore waiting to bc rushed into Mexico.    This picture shown the new contingent ready In the latcat crista, equipped with'
motor-cycle nnd side-ear machine gun attachment.    This "gasoline cavalry" Is mobilised at El Paso.


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