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The Saturday Chinook Jan 13, 1916

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Vol. IV. No. 36���Established 1911
Price Five Cents
optical dotted line
I sich gr-r-r-ammar?
did you get learnt
"Thc truth at all tlmm firmly KtandH
And ahull from age io age endure."
Were it not so serious, the proceedings at the Municipal
Hall during the past year might actually he regarded as
funny.    The gravity of the situation may dawn upon one
I when it is found out that for the past year the place has
j been actually bordering upon a slate of anarchy.
|     The powers of the police have been usurped by the reeve
who has repeatedly called upon the ratepayers "to do their
duty."    Mob  rule  has accompanied  many  of  the  council
meetings during the past year.
THE PACIFIC AND GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY.!    ��� woul(1 b? ,|ifficu|t to ,,,.ci,|l ^ w]lcrc responsibMity
WE  are  informed  by   the    Vancouver  PROVINCE Uor the, situation in South Vancouver affeirs may be placejl.
that  there  is  little  difference  between   the  official I The reeve, a blatant, arrogant, unscrupulous sort of fellow-
Liberal   party  and   the  official   Conservative   party   as ',c is, cannot be given the whole blame.    Nor can the
on the question of aid to the Pacific and Great    Eastern ' councillors, several of whom arc  worthy public officials.
Railway. I sincere in  their desire  to serve  the  community  honestly
We arc further given the hint by Hon. Lome Campbell  and '" thc l,est "f thcir al,ilil.v'
that there will be little difference between the Bowser Gov-      Hundreds of workmgmen are voters In South Vancouver
eminent and Messrs. Pat Welch and John W. Stewart on!'""1 t0 thcse citiz<'lls. many of whom are out of work and
the manner of the further subventions to the  Pacific an
Great Eastern  Railway.
Briefly putting it, the Pacific and Great Eastern Railway
wants from  the treasury of  British Columbia the sum of
They want it in gold and I
have been in want, unscrupulous candidates have made big
promises of employment after election. The present reeve
was most successful in working the usual appeal to the
poorer classes, liis work was got in before the more reliable  section  of the  community awakened  to  the actual
I condition of affairs.
six and a hall* million dollar
thej want it quick.
Should this money be paid over it would go into the * * *
pockets of Messrs. Welch and Stewart and would, suppos-      The situation  in  South  Vancouver is not only of local
edly, be used to complete the line from the present lie^d | Interest.    Every municipality ih  ihe Province is affected
E were paid a visit this week from Lieut. Macdonald,
son of Mr. Charles Macdonald, well known local
barrister, Lieut. Macdonald has been in the trenches and is home recovering from several wounds from
shrapnel. He went away from Vancouver with the Sea-
forlhs in August of 1914, and was hurt at Festubert. The
shell that caught him also caught young Douglas Armour
of Vancouver, and they were both carted away to the hospital. One of the pleasant things about Lieut. Macdonald
is that he does not find fault with the management of the
British Army nor does he lay claim to havii.g led ten
thousand men into a valley of certain death. He doesn't
do any blowing nor is he willing to give interviews to the
press relating to all that he saw while away. He has done
his bit for the Empire and now that his wounds have healed
up he is getting ready to leave his comfortable home, his
dear mouther and sisters and genial father to go back
again to the firing line. An interview with Lieut. Macdonald helps to remove some of the horrors from war.
His repose and cheerfulness makes you sorry tliat you, too,
can't get away. There was one Macdonald who in France
rose from a private to the place of Field Marshal of the
Grand Army. Young Lieutenant Macdonald is upholding
thc splendid traditions of a noble clan.
in Si nth Vancouver is seriously kn
British Columbia municipalities.
of steel, Clinton, to the Grand Trunk Pacific right-of-way
at Fort George.
N'ow the roadbed of tlie Pacific and Great Eastern, so
far as it has been carried, is a disgrace to Mr. J. W. Stewart, who is one of the best railroad builders ill the world.
It is full of kinks and three per cent, grades, It turns
loop-thec-loops over the canyons and buckles as it crosses) *.* *
flats. All persons, old and young, who have a vote in  South
Upon the actual construction -of the road, the promoters! Vancouver should lurn out this year and do Iheir bit in
have spent little real money. :The road so far has been 'Winging back decency, law and order in that splendid
built on the profits on groceries, shoes and tobacco sold suburban district. Fortunately there will be only two caif-
tlie men who worked on construction, and it is not making didates for the reeveship. The present incumbent will be
any new ground to say that many of thc men employed   opposed by Mr. William Winram,
on the Pacific and Great Eastern between here and Clin-       It is not necessary for the SATURDAY CHINOOK to
ton were held in a virtual serfdom. j state  that Mr. Winram is a man who stands well in the
One with only a rudimentary knowledge of railroading | 'community,    lie  comes of a good old  Manitoba family
need not take the trouble to personally inspect even that
part  of the  road  already  coi*-p)eted.    Let  him  visit  the
W'OK TAYLOR did not add to his prestige when
he issued his affidavit charging Alderman McBeath
with  endeavoring to grab thc whiskey vote.    The
'.>in   .mayor's   friends   have   heretofore   considered   him   to   be
Ljrey, Burnaby, Vancouver and all the municipalities n'eign-  _k0   .  ... .i     .it-,.
DOring South Vancouver are advise 1 by thc financial men        > ,    , .    ,, ,   .,, ,,
,���.,,. ,.,,,��� ' " good character is a v.'.Iuable asset and Alderman  Mc-
abroau that the vaudeville which goes on irom day to dav   o    ., ��� ,
-  I I ,eath s record
ly the terrible reputation given South Vancouver!
lurnaby, Vancouver and all the municipalitie
South Vancouver are advise 1 by the financial men I
on from day
king the value of all
Government-offices at Victoria and. look over the plans
filed there and he will -See \viier'e'"they' have. lined nut what,
if completed'according te (Be blue prints,'.will .indeed be'
"the rocky road to Dublin."
The  policy of the  Liberal  party upon  the question  of
assistance to railroads is well known.
and once upon a time his father was speaker of the Manitoba Legislature. If there is Puritan blood in Mr. Win-
ram's veins, so much better for South Vancouver'.
The Social Service Council, an organization made up of
representatives  from all  the churches,  has endorsed  Mr.,
Winram.   The Women's Forum have endorsed him.   The
Ratepayers' Associations have endorsed Mr. Winram.    In
fact behind him are all those people who are anxious to
We do not need Mr. Bowser to tell us through the col-. fe the .moral and material welfare of the municipality im-
timns of the  PROVINCE  what the  policy of the  party   Proved.    Mr. Cosmo Bruce, the thud candidate, has mag-
Jieaded by Mr. H, C. Brewster has been in the past and I nanimousty withdrawn in favor of Mr. \\ inram.   Mr. Bruce
vvill continue to bc. was "Pl'osite in most things to Mr. Winram, but is turning
���. ,      ,���..,,-,,      ,��� , I,       i ������     , .    ��r   ' in with the other respectable forces to endeavor to make
The people of British Columbia would be obliged to Mr. | ,,    ,,,. , . , , r.  , .
,, , , ,,     ti    ���<" i n      . r-    ..    Mr. \\ inram s campaign a successful fight.
Bowser for a statement upon the Pacific and Great East- j
t'rn situation.    Is the steal proposed by Sir Richard to be'1777���   ��� ..^_ :
taken in hand by Mr. Bowser?   Have the prospects chang-j ,j.jjg LAND FOR THE PEOPLE.
ed since Sir Richard was overthrown last spring?
if->R. WESBROOK,  head  of the University of  British
THROUGHOUT America the great municipal joke
the past twelve months has been the reeve and council
of South Vancouver.
Eastern financiers who have been large purchasers of
British Columbia municipal securities have followed with
mingled sobs and smiles reports from that particular portion of the reevc belt lying between Vancouver and the
.North Arm of the Eraser River.
Men in the trenches have watched eagerly for reports
from the municipal hall in South Vancouver. The ree\e
and his council have fought with Jeff and Mutt for first
place in the funny columns of the local press.
In all the clubs throughout the country'men have told
jokes on South Vancouver The press associations have
carried humorous little squibs hither and thither thr, ugh-
out the communities where English is read.
Based on the happenings of the past year in South Vancouver, a book of jokes much smarter than those in the
Ford joke book might be written Hy anyone with intelligence enough to set down bare facts.
In the midst of a heated del-ate last October when a
question of great moment was discussed���a question which
actually involved thc placing of a knob on thc front door
''f the hall���the reeve attacked a councillor, saying, "A
 of a fine mechanic you arc!    1  investigated where
'   u worked for five years and de hoss told mc dat you
hadn't brains enough to drive a nail!"
"True," replied the honorable gentleman who was attacked, "but you may take it from me, your worship, that
I can grow hair on the top of my head and that is a damned
sight more than you can do."
Whereupon the unwashed mob who filled the chamber
hurst forth in Jeers for the councillor and cheers for the
One whole month of the people's time and much of thc
people's money was spent deciding whether the municipal
automobile should bc placed upon jacks, have the water
taken out of the radiator and wind out of the tires.
The reeve during this crisis declared that the car, like
himself, should stand upon its own wheels. But councillors were'for the unwinding and jacking up of both his
worship and the five-passenger. The upshot of it was
that the luminary in thc reeve belt was deprived temporarily of bis official cquippage.
One of the features of the administration was the quarrelling between reeve and councillors regarding the trsc
of the King's English.
His worship made numerous onslaughts against the representative from Ward Two, directing and focusing his
verbal artillery upon the honorable gentleman's grammar.
"Ratepayers," yelled His Worship one hot afternoon in
July, after the council had been in session for four hours.
"Ratepayers, sich gr-rr-rammar as he, uses, T have never
saw." ' Then turning to the councillor and giving him the
Columbia, has placed before the Government a plan
to lit returned soldiers for the occupation of tilling
i the ;and    Dr. Wcsbrook's plan is good, but should be ex-
of        ,
tended. It would be well if the Government would undertake a plan to fit for the profession of agriculu. e all residents of the province who desire to go upon the land.
Having done this, it is for thc Government to tear open
the land for the people. We do not urge that all men out
of work should be taken in charge by the Government,
treated as objects of charity and fed with a silver spoon.
We say that the man able to lill the Soil or engage in any
branch of productive industry, should he taught by the
Government to help hiniself.
If the Government of British Columbia gave encouragement to the men on the land, or willing to go on the land
on a'basis equal to ihe encouragement already given railroad outfits and planned for steamboat people, thc country would not be without food today, al tbe mercy of the |
outside world for provisions, unable'to feed herself.
An intelligent syslem of rural credits would solve the
greal basic problem before the.pfoplc of British Columbia.
Everybody agrees that they should be house-owners and
all-agree that landlordism isn't good for a country.    To i
place people upon the land, and n^akjs. them self-supporting is the great problem.
New Zealand, to whom we in British Columbia are beholding today for our butler and cheese and mutton, has
given to the world a solution of this problem that stands
as a monument of the greatest constructive development
known to Christian civilization. It has advanced over
fifty* million of dollars in helping the homesteader to help
himself. It struggled along with empires of sheep pastures
in trie possession of land barons and tenantry commenced
to stare them in the face 6f their very existence. Landlordism and tenantry was their bugaboo. Here is what
New Zealand did. Instead of setting the homesteader
down on a raw tract of land with the wolves and bears
like we do in B. C, she first fenced the land, second,
built a comfortable house and barn, cleared the laud and
made it ready for seeding the very day the homesteader
Xow don't think they gave the homesteader anything in
the way of charity in this transaction. It is no more nor
less than rural delivery in Canada. They gave the homesteader a long-time credit under the amortization plan���
allowed him thirty-five years within which to pay back to
the Government thc amount it had advanced in placing
those improvements on the land. Thc homesteader paid
each year 4 1-2 per cent, interest on the amount expended
by the Government on the laud, as an annuity, and in
such a manner that at the expiration of the thirty-five
year term the advance or loan was liquidated. Fifty millions of dollars have already been so advanced" to the
thousands of homesteaders in New Zealand, and the Government loss "has been a negligible quantity.  ���
is sufficient to withstand even the assaults
of the Mayor of Vancouver.
Alderman McBeath declared war upon the whiskey vote
many years ago and early in thc campaign, lie gave open
battle to the saloons, and throughout the past year he has
been one of the leaders in the fight for prohibition.
The following affidavit issued by the alderman refuting
thc charges of Mayor Taylor was published ill thc evening
papers of Tuesday.    It is a complete answer:���
Dominion of Cai.ada,
Province of  British Columbia.
To Wit:
I. MALCOLM  McBEATH, of the City of Vancouver, in the   Province of British  Columbia, DO  SOLEMNLY DECLARE:
- (1) THAT I have read in the morning newspapers
what purports to be a Statutory Declaration made by ���
Ly D. Taylori the Mayor of Vancouver, wherein he
makes the statement that I had approached him with
a view to getting him to'secure the support of the liquor people in my mayoralty campaign.
(2) I say positively and distinctly that the statements made in the said Declaration by thc said L. D.
Taylor are untrue and have no foundation in fact.
No such conversation ever took place nor have 1. at
any time, asked him or anyone else to endeavor to secure for me the support of the liquor interests.
(3) I verily believe that it was intended to have the
said Declaration published at the last moment when
it would be too late for mc to reply to it.
conscientiously believing thc same to bc true and
knowing that it is of the same force and effect as if
made under .oath and by virtue of the Canada Evidence Act.
DECLARED before me at the City of Vancouver,
in the Province of British Columbia this Eleventh day
of January. A.  D. 1916.
(Signed!   M.   McBEATH.
(Signed) l;. C. T. LUCAS,
A   Commissioner  for  taking affidavits  within   British
William Winram.
thc people's candidate. I lis election
will mean courteous
treatment of all persons having husiness dealings with
South Vancouver
and orderly meetings   of   the   council.
A vote for Winram
is a vote against
mob rule at the
Municipal   Hall.
WE have received a copy of the TRAIL NEWS, published at Trail. 15. C. edited by .Mr. W. B. Willcox,
a veteran editor, who was editing newspapers in
British Columbia before the SATURDAY CHINOOK or
its editor was born. The TRAIL NEWS bears glad tidings within its columns. The Boundary Country is busy,
the merchants arc advertising and everything in the mining belt seems to be humming.
THE mati who pays no direct taxes believes he is not
interested in the subject: he believes taxes are paid by
the rich, and often encourages high taxes because of
this belief.
It has been discovered that if a man pays twelve dollars
a month rent, at least three of it goes as taxes on the property occupied; and of course the renter pays. The grocer
who sells the poor man supplies is forced to add a considerable per cent, to pay his taxes. So if taxes are unnecessarily hic'i. thc poor man pays bis share.
MILITARY DRAFTS LIKE bank drafts have to be met
regardless of their popularity.
WHATEVER ELSE MAY^betaid about the Ford dove
of peace, ,t cannot be charged with being a squabless bird.
more firmly convinced than ever of the wisdom of dis-
creet neutrality.
��    *    *
Of the recent earth tremors in the Pacific coast prohibition
states to the sudden buckling of tbe dry belt.
* *    *
outstanding feature of German diplomacy. Numerous
complaints of the trouble have already been made concerning the 1916 Model Water Wagon.
�� * *
EASTERN" VISITORS MAY not be aware that lhe present slight suggestive of cold weather was specially arranged tor their benefit. A sudden change from a* frigid
to a semi-tropical zo���e would be disastrous, and the controllers of the temperature on the coast have made special
arrangements with Old Probs for graduation by degrees.
* *    *
TALKING OF THE municipal elections���It would now
be 111 order for some one to bring 0:1 some scrip.
* *    ��
SOME PEOPLE PAY real money for votes, bul the wise
man issues scrip, it's scrip that keeps the dinner pail
V * V
GENERAL VILLA OFFERED a hundred thousand dollars worth of his Mexican scrip the other dav for $4.80.
The only man in the market for scrip at that time was the
director of a moving picture producing company camped
outside of, Los Angeles.-
* V    *
THE SATURDAY CHINOOK, having pointed out a reliable and progressive candidate for mayor, the Vancouver
World did not falter long in getting in line.
* *    *
THE FEDERATIONIST, the organ of the unions, is
alliterative in its assault upon thc World. "Bought body,
bones and breeches," says the .Federationist. Why'not-
put the rest of the allegation in alliterative form, i. c, by
Bloody Billy Bowser.
* ��    *
WHEN DICK McBRIDE was made a knight, everyone
in New Westminster wondered. What will they say now
that he is made a general?
�� * ��
FAULTS OF CANDIDATE'S for"Mayoralty: Mr. Martin,
too modest and reserved; Mr. Hepburn, too genial and
hail-fellow-well-met; Mr. McNeill, too pessimistic and old-
fashioned; Mr. Kirkpatrick, too straight-laced and independent;  Mr, McBeath, also too modest and reserved.
* ��    *
THE POINT GREY GAZETTE rises to point out that
"Though the Birth of a Nation took place in Vancouver
last week, thc population has fallen off by 10,000. "Lad-
ner, B.C.." says the GAZETTE, "docs a goldarned sight
better than Vancouver. There was an increase of five in
Ladner last week."
* *    ��
MR. BOWSER isn't in favor of prohibition, but every
chance lie gets he beats it to the dry belt.
* *    *
IT IS SAID that a certain Tommy Tulk
of Kamloops, in the Dry Belt, to see Mr
comer elections,
* *    *
"\\ I'. W \N'T TO get the machine���to borrow the machine
t" elect Kirkpatrick," it is rep irted that Mr, Tulk said.
* *    *
"YOU DO, DO YOU?" said Mr. Bowser, dryly, "Well,
you'll have to be mighty careful of it. because 1 loaned it
to Jim Findlay one lime and he broke it all I" hell."
* *     * .
WE'RE SURPRISED THAT Mr. Bowser should use
such language. Bul any man that would be as rude as
our premier when he referred to Agent-General 'Turner
and his prayers is apl to say almost anything.
* ��    *   '
DUKE AND LEEK are machine candidates for the License Commission. They have the saloon vote behind
* *    V
THE COURTENAY REVIEW contains this week a suggestion that the local postmaster be ousted from office
and that his place be given to a returned soldier.
* *    *
PROSPECTIVE COUNCILLOR ALMAS was addressing the citizens of Collingwood East. "I stand," said he,
"for entrenchment at thc municipal hall when I get in."
* * ��
A French resident of Vancouver, belonging to Nancy,
tells of bow he was playing, as a child of seven, just after
the Franco-Prussian war, in the streets of that town of
Alsace-Lorraine. A German officer, attended by a few-
men, was riding through the streets, and just as he happened to pass thc child,\ piece of wood with which the
latter had been playing, flew up as it was struck- by the bat
and chanced to alight on the officer. The fellow enraged
at the incident: leant forward and laid the child's head
open with his sword and rode on. The poor lad ran indoors and can recall his mother seizing his father as he
threatened to roach for a weapon and wreak vengeance
on thc brute. There is much similar testimony to show
lhat the Prussian spirit is not a newly-sprung growth,
but has its roots in instinctive tendencies' of .he race, that
among the military caste have not been subjected to; ary
went to the city
Bowser re Van- I 1.f. t
O rt.  1   \s t\ J*/ f\
THURSDAY,   JANUARY    13,   1916
 - ~"4%0 ���*&
_-p��� ... ���
to 500,000 men, the women of Canada are called upon to
further sacrifices.    Not on|y must they increase tlieir Red
i Cross and hospital supplies, but they must supply vojW?-
I teers for office, store and factory work.   The caH \iKom-
ing. and the women must flM)>arc to meet it.        ff
r�� Great Britain there arpfjiumition factories wheaj.-, tlje
work is done entirely by women volunteers���some of them
society women who never before earned a dollar in their
lives. This was brought about by the Women's Societies
who asked for and secured 100,000 women volunteers, most
of whom were put to work at munitions.
Canada must have a similar movement. All the franchise
and anti-franchise associations should be busy on the problem. If the men are to be released for the firing line, the
women must take their places as bread-winners. They have
done it ill Germany, in France and in Great Britain, anil
they will do it ill Canada as soon as the need is clear. In
the meantime, Canada's leading women should be making
their plans for a great volunteer movement.���Canadian
Published every Saturday at the Chinook Printing House.
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To all points in Canada, United Kingdom. Newfoundland,
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$1,00 per year extra.
The Saturday Chinook will be delivered to  any
in Vancouver or vicinity at ten cents a month.
Member of the Canadian Press Association.
The Saturday Chinook circulates throughout Vancouver
and the cities, towns, villages and settlements throughout
British Columbia. In politics the paper Is Independent
Liberal.   We do not accept liquor advertlaements.
Publishers Greater Vancouver Publishers, Limited.
We all talk of the influence of a good mother on the life
of her son; but a good father is of equal or greater importance. A father knows more of the real problems that
will confront his son; some of the lessons instilled into a
boy's mind by his mother are too sentimental, and he
finds it necessary to unlearn them.
I often think, with as much fairness as I can command,
that had my father taught me properly, I might have
avoided some of thc gravest mistakes of my life. Much
that I did not know until I was thirty���much that I was
compelled to learn myself, as tbe��resutt of humiliation and
injury���he might have taught me without much trouble
to himself. He taught me nothing except religion; the
simple and important amenities of life he thought little of,
and practiced few of them. And his conception of religion
was keeping out of hell. He had the false notion that sin
was alluring and pleasant, instead of the nasty thing it
really is. He used tobacco himself, but didn't tell me the
folly of it; he let me believe it was a pleasure he denied
me. And of course 1 learned the habit, and have regretted
it ever since. He was a good-natured man away from
home, but around our house he was a glum avenger, and
always had a stick handy for instant use. I may have
been worse than other boys, but don't believe I was.
If this should meet the eye of a father of young boys,
I hope he will think over the necessity of directing them in
such a way that they will think of him gratefully and affectionately in manhood. Boys do not object to teaching
if it is offered in the right way. A thing I greatly admire
is real affection between father and son; and it is, 1 am
ashamed to say, unusual. Every man knows how important a little common sense is, and should not neglect to
give his sons the benefit of the little he possesses. A son
who has not been properly taught by his father has a
grievance he will never forget.���W. Howe's Monthly.
A well-informed student of Canadian economics points
out that Canada is entering the New Year with conditions
very much in her favor. Since war broke out, something
like a billion dollars has either come into the country, or
is well on the way, Tbis is made up of about $400,900,000
which Canada has borrowed from Britain and elsewhere,
and of war orders which have been placed with Canadian
manufacturers to the extent of approximately $600,000,U)0.
War orders, particularly those connected with ammunitions, have placed our basic industries on a stronger footing than ever before, and while munition orders carrying
high profits may be a thing of the past, the result is that
manufacturers lind themselves with overdrafts down to a
minimum and with plenty of cash on hand, cither for purposes of dividends or for enabling them tq extend their exports. The result of the domestic loan proved conclusively
that there is plenty of money in the country���more than
ever before. The West is optimistic���and believes that a
more extensive knowledge of agricultural methods, com
bined with a much enlarged crop area, should enable Can
ada to duplicate this year's crop record in 1916.���Financial News Bureau.
According to the chartered batik statement for November .10th, and issued late III December by thc government.
the deposits stood at the record total of $1,463,200,(100. Of
these $132,000,000 were foreign and thc remainder domestic.   The banks holding over fifty million stand as follows:
Bank of  Montreal '.. .$283,000,000
Bank   of  Commerce   221,000,000
Royal   Bank  of  Canada   174,000,000
Bank  of  Nova  Scotia     S4.000.COO
Union Bank of Canada     82,000,000
Merchants Bank of Canada     79,000,000
Dominion Bank       71,000,000
Imperial  Bank  of  Canada     66,000.000
Bank  of  Toronto ,...    55,000,000
Bank of British North America     51.000,000
These deposits total more than a hundred millions in
excess of the same date in 1914���a most remarkable showing.
for years to come.   The practical rebuilding of Europe already assures this���and the war's end is not yet in sight
Never was there a better average  price obtained for
the metals, and never was the outlook as promising or
a more solid fed lasting basis.    British  Co^grrife's pr
pects for 1916^jlr the affiliated metal am^rr'al mining industries is surely as bright as any one could wish.���Trail
Many people think a civic debt is not a burden. The people of Toronto, for example, seem to believe that it costs
the taxpayer nothing to issue bonds, and they are rather
proud of the fact that their civic debt is around sixty million dollars. They forget that it costs them more than
three millions a year to carry it.
The same spirit permeates Montreal. Out of a budget
of twelve millions just passed by the City Council, as the
estimated expenditure for 1916, five million dollars is for
interest. What a lot could bc done with that live millions,
if the city had been wise enough not to contract a huge
debt which it never can pay off?���Canadian Courier.
Telegraphic reports from the East elaborated on a
charge made in Men's Wear, a Toronto trade journal, that,
through political influence, a real estate man got a contract for the military service and then farmed it out at a
profit of about $20,000. Mr. James Acton, publisher of
Men's Wear, was summoned to appear before Sir Charles
Davidson, who is examining into a number of the suspicious transactions, horse deals, etc. Mr. Acton failed to
produce evidence to warrant his charge. Counsel for Mr.
Acton appeared before the commissioner, explained that
he could not secure the attendance of a partner who was
stated to have seen a document which would go to prove
there was some ground for the charge, and admitted that
"perhaps" his client rushed blindly into print. Counsel
also declared that he had Deen instructed that "if the article complained of bore the construction of reflecting in
an improper manner upon the Government or any M.P.,
or suggested improper dealings, the writer had no such
With so much proven corruption, and so much charged
jobbery that has not yet been investigated, there is no
doubt a disposition on the part of the press and public to
take serious stock in such a charge as that made by a man
supposedly close to the trade. It would appear, very
plainly, that Mr. Acton had little ground for his charge,
and it is only fair to the Government, as well as the purchasing commission, that the outcome of the Acton charges
'���"-Id be given tbe very widest publicity.���Winnipeg Tribune.
Dave Purvis was in town the forepart of the week and
to the Herald he advanced the information that he had on
his ranch at Four Mile Creek, demonstrated that the soil
and climate in this district were well adapted to the culture
of sugar beets. For the past two years he has very
successfully grown different varieties at his ranch. He
believes tllat there is a future here for the sugar beet industry. A number of other farmers should try sugar beets
next season- and satisfy themselves. All that is necessary
to get a sugar beet factory established here is production
of sufficient beets, and a farmer or two need never imagine that he and. a couple of his neighbors can flood the
market. To supply one factory requires a very large acreage and the labor of many men. It is a profitable business and an ideal one for the farmer who has the land and
is willing to work.
Mr. Purvis has a fine piece of land just across tile Bulk-
ley river from New Hazelton. He has a number of acres
under cultivation now and last fall and tbis winter he is
continuing his clearing and will have at least fourteen
acres under the plow next season.
Dave is also an enthusiastic horticulturist and has a lot
of different small fruits and next spring will set out quite
a number of trees.���Omineca Herald.
Now that Sir Robert Borden has decided to ask parliament to increase the Canadian army, for overseas service.
How long. oh. how long, is Canada to continue to be
shocked, humiliated and disgraced by disclosures of grafting and extortion iii connection with war and other public
contracts?���Kcgiua Leader.
England is in the throes of a gigantic temperance crusade. Zealous Mrs. Grundys (of both sexes) stand guard
over public house entrances courting and classifying the
men and women who enter.
Many of the women are mothers whose unfortunate li'.-
tlc ones must, by law, remain on the pavement outside the
saloon. The sight is one of the most pitiable and shocking
in England.
Even Mr. Thomas Atkins, home on leave and painstakingly temperate while in khaki, is taking a hand in the
country-wide temperance crusade.
There is a classic tale of how two Tommies acted as
Woolwich, the arsenal city, is crammed with munition
workers. Outside one gaudy public house a "lady" left
her baby in a rather superior perambulator. The "lady"
entered the pub. The baby remained in the pram. Presently another "lady" came along with HER baby in a rather inferior pram. She steered it alongside the first pram
and went into the bar.
Two young soldiers came along, looked in at the tippling
mothers and silently decided upon a military raid on the
temporarily abandoned babies. Without a thought of
compunction they changed the babies, carefully covered
them from the cold, grinned���and disappeared.
One "lady" came out, laid hands on the pretentious pram
and walked hastily away.
The second lingered unconscionably in the pub, and on
emerging turned HER perambulator in the opposite direction.
And what happened then? Woolwich is a large city,
crammed with strange workers and fairly stocked with
Seventeen months ago, when a fair sample of hades
broke loose across the briny, all industries throughout the
Dominion were paralyzed. N'o one knew what the immediate future would bring forth and one man's guess was as
good as another's. Things commercially looked dark indeed, and particularly si) in the metalliferous districts.
In a few months, however, the readjustment process began and soon it became apparent that one of the great outstanding facts was an increased demand for all the metals.
The mining and smelting industries, which had been none
too brisk before the outbreak, of the conflict and which almost stopped in August. 1914, began to feel: the effects of
the increased and increasing, demand, for anything, and everything in the way of lead; zinc,, copper, goldj iron and
other metals. By the irony of fate British Columbia was
destined to have its chief industry���that of- its metal mines
���feel the greatest impetus it had known in thc history
of the province,
Smelters betfAU to demand more ore as thc prices of metals rose; mines working moderately were pushed to thc
fullest capacity, and properties long dormant took on new
'.ife and activity. In short, the entire industry felt the revivifying impetus of .the war orders pouring into thc Dominion. Business assumed a more roseate hue and the
quickening effect was and is felt throughout thc province
and the Dominion.
Possibly no place of its size was more directly and beneficially affected than Trail. Not only was the present
modern and up-to-date smelter crowded to its greatest capacity, but copper convenors were installed and the construction of a zinc treatment plant undertaken, with other
improvements entailing, it is said, a cost of over a million
dollars. The latter will doubtless shortly be turning out
Spelter, the first in Canada, with almost inexhaustible supplies of ore to feed it.
Better than the above, however, is the fact, now conceded
and generally apparent, that, were the war to end tomorrow, the price of metals would remain at a profitable figure
" 'lire's 'oping theim loidies
saiil the two Tommies.
went an' took the  pledge,"
in court.
says the burglar before his judge-
says the cashier found short in his
says the woman picked up in the
says the homicide,
says the  man  once  well-to-do,  as
he applies for a ticket to the county house.
Will his DRUNKARD'S LICENSE save the burglar
from prison?
Will his DRUNKARD'S LICENSE make good the cashier's shortage and restore him to his place of trust and
standing in society?
Will HER DRUNKARD'S LICENSE give the woman
of the street back to the mother from whim she drifted
to a life of shame, with the white-lighted cafe the first
stepping stone?
Will his DRUNKARD'S LICENSE wipe the stain from
the homicide's hand or restore his victim to life?
Will his DRUNKARD'S LICENSE give back to the
almhouse inmate his squandered fortun-;?
Will his DRUNKARD'S LICENSE give back his reason
to the poor devil who hisses through thc bars of thc asylum door: "DRINK DID IT?"
The Oldest Printing Office in
Vancouver, fl Formerly the Vancouver World Printing House.
fl Located at 426 Homer Street (the
old World Building), in the heart
of the city, fl Open day and night.
In a modern, up-to-date fire-proof building. These arc bright,
warm, vell-vcntilatcd offices, linoleum on floors. Excellent service,
including light, heat, Janitor, hot and cold  water.
North West Trust Company, Limited
509  Richards  Street Seymour 746)'
Bond Investments
Those  having funds  available  will  find  our list of  Municipal
H     Securities  a guide  to  safe  investment.     Wc  offer   a   variety   of
H     thoroughly safe-guarded bond issues sold  to net b'/j per cent, to
jj     7 1-8, being a charge on all properties within each respective muni-     rg
fl     cipality.    Consult our I3ond Dept. by mail or in person.
Canadian Financiers Trust Company
Head Office: 839 Hastings Street West. Vancouver, B. C.
r P. Donnelly, General Manager.
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superior shipping facilities. For "Fireproof" Storage, Removals in "Car
Vans," High Grade Packing, or Shipping at "Cut Rates," see us ��� prompt
reliable, and- courteous service.
Campbell Storage Company
Oldest and Largest, in Western Canada
Fhone: Seymour 7360 Office: 857 BEATTY ST.
iipiiiii iiiiwiiiimiiifiiiiifiiinii i MBiMiiiiiiiiig'aiitiiiaEifii mum	
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j Use the Telephone 1
1   *     This'is the kind of weather when the telephone |
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is invaluable.   It is of utmost service at all times, jj
but when you do not -want to go out, you can p
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p     on the wall.     4$ , |j
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There is no such a thing as distance with the long p
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Excelsior Life Insurance Company
A strictly Canadian Company, with a twenty-five year
honorable record.
DAVID FASKIN. M.A., President. Toronto
F. J. GILLESPIE,      -      Manager for British Columbia
| Champion & White j
Best South Wellington Coal
I Lump $6.50       Nut $5.52 j
1     PHONE 9570 1083 MAIN STREET    i
word! Nol Vancouver weather at all, lint some vagrant
brand imported from the prairies. So
chilly that a topdeck, outside stateroom on a speedy C. P. R. steamer
might lie comfortabe in spite of
steam heat. We Vancouverites certainly do I ok askance at weather
that is any relation whatever to cold,
"Very well, we will change," said
Mr. Van. ai'ic] straightway secured a
cozy stateroom on the first deck,
Sa  far so good,
In the middle of a lirst nap one became dimly conscious of a rumble
like unto young thunder. Then came
a yell, a laugh and an imitation of an
officer calling attention, and one woke
to the realization that soldiers���many
soldiers i three hundred in all, so we
learned later) had come on board.
Patience became a bedside virtue,
since it was thought when thc boat
moved out, less row might at least
Vain hope. Only about half of the
lads in khaki had staterooms, the remainder seeing that they could not
sleep, evidently did not intend that
anyone else should sleep cither. It
was fun for them���no cud of it, but
the rest of us lost a considerable
amount of our patriotic good feelings
before .3 a.m. at which hour the commander in desperation ordered all
lights out.
The moral of thc above takes the
form of a warning. If travelling to
Victoria, love our soldier hoys all you
want to, but book a topdeck stateroom early and take no chances. Thc
steamship company will keep you
Victoria, fair city of Vancouver Island, still sits on the same spot on
the map, in spite of the many winds
that whoop in from hither and yon.
and anywhere else it can blow from,
and try to shift it.
It has grown, too, has our Capital
City since last I tried to. go shopping among its stores. Poor old Government street looking like a second
best, is fast giving way to Yalcs and
Douglas Streets. The second city of
British Columbia (in size) has been
fortunate in securing branches or
"other halves" of three of our largest
Vancouver stores. You can now patronize Spencer's and Drysdale's
there, while the Hudson's Bay is
erecting a beautiful building, a fair
rival to the one in Vancouver, and
which is expected to be open to the
public  very soon.
The policemen in Victoria should
have about four inches cut off the
bottom of their coats. At present
they resemble near kimonas for
Patriotic people in Vancouver
should copy Victoria in having "superfluous" sales. This means a sort
of rummage sale on a first class scale.
Anyone who has anything of real
value that could be spared, or they
would be witling to do without���oil
one would be willing to part with for
ones country's sake, is sent to a central depot and there sold cither by
auction or straight sale.
At present a store has been secured and put in charge of a competent
person. All article sent in has its
price put on it so that purchasers
can sec it at once���and take it or
leave it.
This is a plan that is apparently
working out most astisfactorily. People have sent in beautiful things;
from valuable books to pearl necklaces and magnificent lacquered cabinets. In many cases people cannot
give money, but they are willing to
give up some of their most valued
possessions for thc good of the Empire. It reminds me of other days we
have read about, when people offered
their precious gems and gold and silver for a good cause.
It snowed in Victoria the day Sir
���Richard McBride set out for London
(town. Difficult to believe but true.
The fleecy stuff is something almost
unknown in the Capital City, and
believe me the citizens looked sideways at it as it fluttered down as if
quite at home���more than that���expected. A chilly farewell one might
call it, and by no means a pleasant
last impression for Sir Richard to
take away with him.
I wanted very much to shake hands
with out British Columbia London representative, but not even for that
pleasure would I stand out in that
storm. My front room windows at
the Empress had to be reserved seats
for the occasion.
About 2 p.m. the Highlanders regularly stationed at Victoria, came
along, brave with pipe and brass
bands.   A fine looking lot of men, but
apparently well trained. They formed an avenue from Government street
1" the wharf. Next to them the B.
C. Horse I afoot i took their place,
devil-may-care fellows, ready for anything, and not yet outfitted with uniforms. After them came a regular regulars. These last finished up the ]
avenue directly in front of the hotel.
It was a splendid two line, of men, all
evidently chafing to be off to the war
Then came Sir Richard in his automobile, and every soldier lifted his
hand in salute and gave a lusty cheer,
In spite of that, however, it was
forced home to one that it was a
case ol" "The king is dead, long live
the king," as there was hut a mere
handful of people at thc wharf to see
the man who has lived among them
so long, leave for his new home, lie
was no more use to them, let him go.
An eye-witness at the wharf, however, told mc that the few who came
out to bid Sir Richard bon voyage,
were evidently real friends, and many
a manly face���especially among the
older generation, was wet with tears
as he wrung his ex-leader's baud for
the last time.
Well, adieu, Sir Richard, may you
make fewer mistakes in your new
sphere than you (lid in the one in
which you were born and bred. Xo
one can ever say you were not always
a loyal friend���after that���enough
"The steward's compliments and
would Lady Van like to visit the hotel
kitchens while dinner is being served?" Lady Van would, and for nearly
an  hour was vastly interested.
First we went to the butcher department, where an extra large-sized
Chinaman was in charge. He showed me row after row of meats in cold
storage all ready to be cooked to any
patrons' taste.
"Ah, Hamburg steak," I said, pointing to a huge pan of the cut-up meat.
Quick as a jash came the answer.
"Xo.  no,   Petrograd."
Potatoes such as only British Columbia can grow, and which resembled turnips in size, interested me in
the vegetable room, which in spite
of its nature, was very clean.
Baking and pastry rooms were
warm and clean and a thousand or
more little fat rolls can be baked at
one time in the huge ovens.
Everything that can bc done with
electricity, is so managed. Knife
cleaners, silver buffers and dish washers that would make lhe average
housekeeper's heart beat with erivy.
Dishes are placed in huge openwork
baskets, and by means of electricity
and a lever arc soused into soapy
water, then swung over to a boiling
clear water tank, and by the time they
arc put on thc drying racks, do not
even need to bc polished.
Huge gas broilers and toasters gave
foth savory aromas, only rivalled by
the giant stock-pots. Thc smiling
white chef and his assistants were
only too eager to show tlieir various
departments, with tbe evident assurance lhat no fault could be' found, as
cleanliness and order prevailed everywhere.
Thc ballroom at thc Empress is one
of the most lovely color .schemes I
have yet seen. Pink and green in soft
pastel shades prevail and blend into
an ivory that is warm and rich. Huge
Donegal rugs that are a joy, cover thc
floor when it is not in use for a dance.
The ceiling is mostly glass, and hanging from it are immense globes made
out of cut crystal, inside which pink
and green and white lights arc cunningly arranged.
The only thing lacking in this room
is a balcony or gallery. Otherwise it is
a dream of simplicity and good taste,
and Victoria dancers are to be congratulated on having such a fine place
for the amusement which is musically
The rotunda of the Empress hotel
in Victoria seems to be the general
meeting place of Vancouver people;
one meets somebody from the Terminal City at every turn. Not to bc
wondered at perhaps, when one considers the fame of thc hotel as being
one of the most comfortable of all
the C. P. R. system.
From my windows, the inner harbor, busy with boats of several lines,
was a never-ending source of interest.
One of the G. T. P. liners, with its
saucy cruiser stem, gave such a visit.
Over across thc houses one could see
the huge blue funnel of a ship of thc
famous line of that name.
Away across the inner harbor the
C. X. R. is blasting a path fcr itself
to the water's edge.   Victoria may be
quiet at heart, but there is a decided
fluttering among its outside frills.
And now we have the civic elections
with us again, and five male citizens
are making a grand rush for the
mayoralty chair, while no end of other
taxpayers are keen lo occupy the lesser honor���an aldermanic chair.
Every one of the mayorality candidates seems to have been, specially
built lo fit lhe mayor's chair, and be
decorated with such a golden chain as
never was���in Canada. It looks to be
safe betting on each and every man
(according to his supporters I. Election day will tell, however, and next
week���I'm strong for the new mayor
Earl Grey some years ago directed
considerable public attention in
Canada to the quesion of Proportional
Representation. Interest in the subject was revived last week by the address given in the city by Mr. John H.
Humphreys, secretary of the Proportional Representation S-cicty of London, England, of which Earl Grey is
president, and with which the Proportional Representation Soeity of Canada is affiliated. Mr. Humphreys is
completing a tour of thc Overseas Dominions, where he has studied the ac- j
tual working of the scheme in South
Africa, Tasmania and elsewhere.
Mr. Humphreys said;���"Apart from
the question of the war, there is no
question more important than that of
the method of electing our parliaments. The British nations cannot go
on without parliaments, and yet the
question of the efficiency of our parliaments and of democracy itself has
been raised in this war. Has parliament lost prestige? Wc must show
the efficiency of democracy. We believe that the present method of election is responsible for the decline iu
the confidence of parliament, and
many of the evils from which democracy suffers are due to this.
In two respects the present method
is  defective.
First: the results are unfair. Second; it restricts unduly the liberty
of the elector and of the candidate,
and in so doing makes for the inefficiency of parliament.
As an illustration of the unfairness
of the present system, take this Province of B. C. At the last election
37 per cent, of the electors, viz., those
who voted Liberal, secured no spokesman in the house. To all intents and
purposes they were disenfranchised.
Similar conditions prevail elsewhere
in Canada. Sometimes this has led
to serious results, e.g., in Ireland,
where political differences have been
enhanced and minorities both in.the
Xorth and in the South have "lost
tlieir vote" for 30 years. Thus has
been built up a rigid wall which has
separated Ireland into hostile camps
and has raised enormous difficulties
for Hritish statesmen. These unhappy
results may possibly arise in Canada,
as in Quebec and Ontario, where racial and religious divisions may be carried with all their passions into Parliament. The present system makes
for the diseiifranchisemcnt of minorities.
Again there is no guarantee under
���'ii' existing mechanism, that the majority of electors in any large area
will be able to exercise tlieir due
share of power. In the last election
in England in the counties of Kent.
Surrey and Sussex. 134.IHX) Liberals
who voted failed to secure any representative, though the counties returned
30 members. In Scotland a minority
of 227,000 voters secured only 11
seats. Even in this case a slight
change of a few thousand votes would
have disfranchised a quarter of a million citizens.
In Sheffield the Conservatives won
3 scats with majorities of less than
200 each, while the other 2 seats were
captured by thc Liberals with majorities of over 2000 each. So it would
be quite possible in such a riding for
a parliamentary agent to so devise the
boundaries of the constituency that
only Liberals would bc returned, for
Sheffield gave a total majority of
about 3,400 Liberal votes. Such a result would be highly unfair to the
great numbers of voters who did not
vote  Liberal.
Nowadays, a candidate, to succeed,
must secure the endorsation of someone of the great political parties. This
often leads to the suppression of men
of ability who dare to disagree with
their party on some particular question. An illustration of this is found
in the case of Mr. Chamberlain. Again,
Frcc-tradc Unionists could find no
place in the House. Many public
men could not be effective in public
life and so withdrew. Others like
Churchill became Liberals. Take the
case of Lord Robert Cecil. He could
not accept Liberal principles. But he
iould not secure Unionist support unless he sign a pledge of inactivity so
Phone  Seymour 9086
We pay 4% Interest
On  deposits subject to cheque,
credited monthly
and McKay Station, Burnaby
Barriiteri, Solicitors, Etc.
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.
far as Free Trade was concerned.
Consequently much of his personality
has been felt to be lost. Under such
circumstances, the country cannot expect to get the most out of public
life, either from the electors or from
thc candidates.
Thc efficiency of democracy depends, therefore, on whether we can
secure the best and unhampered efforts of our best men. This can be
secured by proportional representation."
The speaker then illustrated by figures from an imaginary election how
it works out in practise, and how the
various groups in the community, although some of them may be in a
minority, are able to get their fair
share of representatives, thus making
the representative body fairly representative of the nation at large.
By the Proportional Representa-
gle Transferable Vote, the elector
must ask himself which are the candidates he prefers, and what is the order of his preferences. He marks one
man as his first choice, another as
second, and so on, no matter how
many candidates there are, nor how-
many are to be elected. But he must
select one as preferential. Even when
he "plumps" for his party, he .must
discriminate. This compels thinking
and a regard for thc policies for which
the  candidates stand.
A singular result of this plan is that
"plumping" for a particular candidate
or candidates does not help a man's
party at all. Very often it is a great
Uthough the compilation of the results of an election may take a few
hours longer than under the existing
method, it is practically impossible
to have any errors in counting thc
votes, ll has the advantages of double entry bookkeeping over the single
entry method and makes for increased
care and accuracy.
* * *
The nucleus of a local Proportional
Representation Society has been
formed, which will be affiliated with
the Dominion and British Societies,
and which will seek to secure the endorsation of the citizens generally to
the new method of election. "Good
government does not depend upon bad
For School Trustee.
Dr. W. H. Lang, who is offering
himself for election as school trustee,
has been endorsed by the following
representative citizens and business
men: Prof. E. Odium, R. J. Potts,
James Beveridge, J. X. Harvey, J. J.
Banfield. A. W. Woodward, Alex. Mclnnes. R. H. Cook, J. A. Gillespie.
M. D., Alex. Sharp. C. C. Cook, J. D.
McMartin, J. Machines, W. L. Macdonald and J. T. Putnam. Dr. Lang
has been in practice in this city for
the past six years, and has built up a
large and representative practice. He
takes a whole-hearted interest in all
the vital questions of thc day. His
endorsers feel that Dr. Lang's qualifications to serve on the board, particularly with regard to questions of hygiene and sanitation .are such that he
ought to command the confidence of
a great majority of thc electors.
The South Vancouver Milk Co. has
lost two of its employees who have
joined the colors. George Parry, of
43rd and Inverness, and Joe Payson,
left for Regina tn join the Army Reserve corps as teamsters. Both men
are from Lanarkshire, and came to
Vancouver some years ago. They are
both married men with a family, and
are well-known in South Vancouver. n
THURSDAY,   J.WIWRV   13,   1916
Jingle Pot
Always Mined by Union
White Labor
Coast Lumber & Fuel Co., Ltd.
Phone Fair. 2500   Phone High. 226   Phone Fraser 41
^^^^^^^ miiiBiiiiiM��ii��i!��aii8|
Those Who Run May Read
The Dominion Glazed Cement Pipe Co.'s machine-made Sewer
Pipe, put under test by The Robt. W. Hunt Co., Ltd., a pipe, 10
I inches jnternal diameter, being subjected to two days' drying in an
oven, then immersed in water for '24 hours.   Result���
Weight before immersion.... 105*4 pounds
Weight after immersion 106     pounds
Difference equals J/j-pound of water, or .48 of 1 per cent.
On thc same pipe after being subjected to thc above���crushed
at 29,200 pounds.
Office: Dominion Building, Vancouver, B.C. Phone Sey. 8286
Cold Weather Poultry Hints
These cold mornings feed Warm CHICKEN CHOP mixed with
Our special "DRY MASH" is excellent to keep fowls healthy.
(See our window for home made dry mash hopper).
MANGELS are a good substitute for green food, only 60c pen
100 lbs. ;""! I i,!
Keep your fowls busy and healthy by a plentiful supply of Dry|
. Straw, Shell, Bone, Charcoal, Beef Scrap, and clean cold water.
Phones: Fair. 186���878 Fraser 17S Coll. 153
��� T"
The Scenic Highway Across the Continent
The Popular Route to the���
Up-to-date Train Service Between Vancouver and the Eait.
All trains equipped with Standard and Tourist Sleepers.
J. MOE, C. P. A., 434 Hastings St, Vancouver.
C. MILLARD, D. T. A., Vancouver.
H. W. BRODIE, Gen. Pass. Agent, Vancouver.
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Lines
C. K. Jcnney. G. A. P. D.
Phone: Sey. 8134 S27 Granville Street
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The BETTER Breads
M,rt�� of Canada's most nutritious flour and pure water in British
M"    Columbia's most sanitary, clean, modern baking plant
FULL    16    OUNCE    LOAF
Every one "sealed at the oven"
Boys and girls who attend the schools of British Columbia today���
even in the remote settlements���know litde of the hardships endured by
our fathers and mothers in the pioneer days in the East Mr. F. J. Gillespie, well-known in Vancouver and throughout Hritish Columbia, "went in
the winters" to a little school in what is now the County of Ontario. He
has placed upon paper a few reminiscences, which make interesting reading to school boys-and girls of'today'win, go to school in luxury and their
fathers and mothers, many of whom will remember the time of winch Mr.
Oillespite writes.
One's yesterdays arc always interesting to him. 1 would give much to
meet again my schoolmates of 1870
and 1871. We were struggling those
days and I was the youngest of the
family. Wages ran from 75 cents to
$1.00 per day for men. and that usually in trade. John, Pat and Mike had
to nigger in and work, not only at
home, hut everywhere else Ihey could
secure a job, in order-to maintain the
family. My good father was of little
use with the axe or saw, as he had
never used either in his native Ireland, and he was 35 when he landed
in Ontario. He could handle well a
spade!, shovel, sickle or Hail, hut never
could cradle or log. He was the soul
of honor and hence easily imposed on
in a bargain. My father's circumstances were such that none of his
boys knew much other than hare's work
���at least in those pioneer days. That
1 should be allowed to attend school,
even part of the year, was considered
hy niy brothers and myself a golden
* # * *
On my way to Antelope Valley,
California, on the lllh of January,
when passing a public school at noon,
a big crowd of boys and girls rushed
madly otlt as if to witness a military
parade or view a circus. It did mc
good to see such life, enthusiasm and
buoyancy, and brought back to my
recollection most forcibly my limited
days at the old Everett school. That
historic school was erected in 1867
at a cost of $400, and opened the 1st
of January, 1868, and 1 became enrolled as a pupil in February of that
year, being slightly over twelve years
1 distinctly remember my first morning telling the dear old master (he
was 25) 1 could read. As a matter of
fact, 1 could read but one line in that
old lirst reader, long since several
times superseded.
When called upon 1 remember that
1 pronounced all the words the wrong
way. I could not spell "it," but I
could spell "ox."
1 see again the teacher's desk and
platform, raised about six inches
above the main floor, and behind the
desk the blackboard, chalk, and a cotton cloth used as an eraser. The
blackboard, the stumbling block of
many, the place where you ignomiui-
ously fell down and, for the moment,
had to stand shamefacedly lhe mocks
and jeers of the better informed ones.
To others it was a vindication, a triumph where one could show his fellow pupils how to solve complicated
arithmetical problems. How I longed
to be in the third, or even lhe second
My time came quickly for one Friday evening I went from foot in the
second class to the head by Spelling
the word "circle," which the seventeen above me failed to do. The master closed the book like a trap so as
to leave me head until the following
My, but 1 was glad. 'No one knows
how glad I was for up to then, I was
invariably foot, except when good-
natured Bob Reid would let me above
him without earning the position. He
and 1 held down the dunce end for almost a month after my hurried promotion from the  old  lirst book.
X sec, flanking that old blackboard,
wall maps with frayed edges, pencil
marks and other unmistakable evidences of long usage.. We bad to
trace the boundaries of countries, the
direction of rivers, mountains and the
position of lakes, c-jpes, zones, etc.
Many a boy wished the mountains
had fallen on the man who invented
the map, while others of us loved
those dear old maps with their lines
of latitude and longitude, gulfs, seas,
hays, and capitals placed in stars. 1
sec again the teacher keeping me in
one evening after four in order to give
me 100 merit cards, unknown to the
other pupils, so that I might secure a
decent prize book at the close of the
year. Merit cards were given in those
days both for attendance and actual
work, but I had to stay home for potato and turnip digging and fall wheat
sowing, hence my second term usually began about November-10th.
Again 1 see our games of "pnmp-
ponip-pull-away," hide-and-seek, football and baseball  without an  umpire.
I entered into all those with great
zesl. Many a time my sprinting saved
me from a deserved trouncing at football. Of course thc big lad would
forget it over night.
The girls were quite a factor in the
school too. We all liked to be on our
best behaviour before them. Some of
them, whose parents were well-off
farmers, would bring an extra apple
or two for those of us who as yel, had
no orchard.
Tom 'Reitl, Tom Bellamy, Tom
Fisher, Amanda Graham and I struggled for supremacy. We had long
since passed others who were in lhe
fourth class when I was learning lo
spell "do." Gradually tlie leaders
thinned out, Tom Bellamy by becoming a teacher in 1871, left but Tom
Reid and 1 to light it out. Reid was
my desk mate and a year my junior
but. my, he was clever.
Next to my teacher, I owe most to
Tom Reid; he was a line boy, tool
The whole family were innocent of
any tricks or sins. Tom ultimately
got rid of me by my obtaining a
third-class teachers' certificate in
1872. Tom was too young to try for
Well, 1 see again the squirrel on the
school fence bolt upright, chattering,
leaping and finally disappearing when
threatened by a slick or a stone abided at him. I see again the old black
crow and the chicken hawk cutting
graceful circles on outstretched wing
over our playground where many
crumbs could bc had that fell from
rmr dinner pails during our hasty
. I forgot to tell you how we heated
the old school in cold weather. The
great big metal' box StbVe was set
half in thc ante room and half in the
school room. The bigger boys got
the light wood ready before four for
the teacher to start the lire the next
morning. The trustees were actually
known to allow the teacher $2 or $3.
per year extra for the work of lighting
the fire. Those were great days;
never anything like them. Tt was a
proud position to be best scholar in a
country school of eighty husky boys
and girls. That was our aim, but the
only one who really enjoyed that coveted distinction was Tom Reid, and
lhat after some of us had quit,
they are letting a whole lot of young
elerks of une sort or another, whose
political pull is stronger than their
knowledge of military affairs, become
officers.    There are many cases in my
regiment where experienced ami efficient non-coms., (rained in the Imperial army, have to stay in the ranks
lo make way for some young whipper
snapper who has put in a week or two
at a training school.
I have a letter from a friend in
England and he says that over there
they are promoting the experienced
men and reversing all Ihe old rules
lhal kept the British army back. Efficiency over there is the thing. Practical experience is considered before
family and trained men who arc levelheaded are promoted. I would hate
to go into battle under the leadership
of some of the "officers" we have in
camp  in  British  Columbia.
Kick No. 2���The Canadian government want another army of 250,000.
The Canadian government will get
this army and will get all the men
they want. But they would get them
quicker if they would manage things
better and throw out some of the fossils who are holding things back. Why
don't the local units get their uniforms?    In England, when a man en
lists, he gets bis uniform in three
hours from the time he signs up. Here
we have to wait three months. Why
is this? Too much polities. There
are lots of uniforms and lots of material out of which to make uniforms,
and lots of money. But the Canadian
favorites have to be cared for so the
recruits can wait for weeks anil
months without Iheir proper outfit.
This kills discipline. The men laugh
at a fellow in rags who is a sergeant
standing up there giving orders. But
all respect the King's uniform, It's
funny, but it's true.
When will they get their 250,000
if they don't get a hustle on and get
the uniforms in shape.
Why is there poor discipline among
the Western Irish?
Mr. Editor, I am putting up a few
kicks here, but I'm doing it for the
good of the service. I have seen lots
of service, but I never saw such rotten conditions as in camps here. Wc
all want to win, and we're all loyal,
but we don't like being made a lot of
blokes of.
Yours for victory for the British
arms, and trusting that you will ventilate my grievances,
South Vancouver Candidates
Editor Saturday Chinook.
Knowing as I do that your papal1
is fearless and independent of the
government, I cannot hesitate to write
to you with lhe idea of giving sonic
of the grievances which we militiamen have to suffer,
In  (he  first  place,  let  mc say that
J. w.
respectfully solicits your VOTE
and    INFLUENCE    for    hit
Re-election   as   Councillor  for
Ward 6
I am in favor of Encouraging
Local Industries and all classes
of Pavements done by Day Labor and under the supervision
of the Municipal Engineer.
Aldermanic Candidate for Ward 1
The law forbids the sale of liquor and cigarettes
to minors, but it does not restrain newspapers from going into respectable homes and soliciting the patronage of the boys and girls with
flaring and alluring advertisements.
Careful firesides must rely, therefore, upon newspapers that voluntarily banish liquor and cigarettes, those great
enemies of youthful strength and purity, from their columns.
In the campaign for saloonless state it is vital that
the forces of temperance cast the entire weight of their influence
against thc wets.
Their subscription order for a newspaper is a vote
for or against liquor, according as the advertising columns of that
newspaper are for or against liquor.
The Saturday Chinook is against the selling and
distributing of liquor and cigarettes to minors through its advertising
For true temperance should begin at home and
with the Home Newspaper.
Delivered at
your door for
10 cents a month.
Phone Seymour 470.
The Saturday Chinook THURSDAY,   JANUARY   13,   1916
Celebrating the Victory.-
���When the news of the battle
Waterloo arrived at Warrington���
then, as now, a thriving place���the
chief magistrate of the town declared
that he should add lo the projected il-
lnmiuatiou by burning liis own house
down, and he actually did SO.
It seems that the house was an old
one, mostly wood, and that his worship had previously contemplated
building a. new one. Hut his example
was contagious, and, the owner of a
considerable block of what would in
these days be called "slum" properly
happening to he a political rival of
the other incendiary, burnt the ancient tenements as a counter-attraction.
Unfortunately, a big house not contemplated in the scheme took lire
also, but the crowd and the authorities, thinking that it was all part of
the show, did nothing to put Ihis lire
out, and even restrained the owner as
. mad drunkard when he danced about
exhorting them  to put the  lire out,
��� woman's eye fell suddenly on
dutiful tinted picture of the "Ma
a copy of a famous painting, Opposite
this hung another copy ol Gainsborough's  "Duchess  of   Devon-hire."
I ler lips set firmly.
"I like the house well enough," she
announced. "Bul ii I lake il I -hall
expeel yon to remove these family
Then She Fainted.
Left a wealthy widow, Mrs. Jones
thought she'd like to enter society.
So, for a start, she looked round for
a furnished house in Mayfair.
At last she found one which seemed
very suitable. After inspecting it
thoroughly, the owner led her back
to the drawing room.   There the good
Shall the MM Reign'Cbhfinue
South Vancouver  Ratepayers Now Have An Opportunity of Stopping Once for All the Many "Mad" Scenes Inflicted en
Them  During the Year 1915
Arthur I.eviue and Co, head the bill
at the Pantages next week with a one-
act musical comedy. "Prom Coney Island to the North Pole." This act I u""1,1 ht'**""'
made a hit in the eastern circuits and
with their pleasing line of comedy and
chorus work are sure to score a bull's
eye here.
The Valerie Sisters, a bevy of beauties, have a very pleasing act, full of
fun, frolic and fashion. Horton and
Clifton put over a farce called the
"Unexpected." Greenlee and Drayton
sing the latest songs and dance the
newest dances.
"Locked Out." a playlet by Ray-1
mond and Kain. opens up a new line of I
dilemma which often happens to the,
best of us.
Pantages Orchestra and a first run |
comedy for which they are noted close!
a good bill. I
A year ago Mr. Donald
oppoled the electh n nf Mi
Gold as reeve of South Vancouver.
Speal ng at Collingwood East, Mr.
Burgess said he opi osed Mr. G Id because, as councillor, Mr. Gold had.
proved that Ite could not control himself and, therefi re, he was not a lit
person to control a council, li wa
also suggested that if Mr. (i- Id wa*
elected reeve, the council chamber
bear garden." Referring to this suggestion on January
IS. when taking the chair as reeve for
the lirst liiiK". Mr. Gold said in part:
Burgess i autocracy reigns and  where
Eduard   and the knout have I ecu thf
the lash
><i law and order f"r centuries. Tra-
'iii' : s an- i" I , liininatcd in one ' r
two generations, Thai ihey are n���,t
eliminated from Eduard Gold is evident. That Eduard's "manner and his
Btyle," while they ma' e the people
smile, will inevitably irritate any recollection of tree-born men with
whom he has t" work, is as sure and
self-evident to those who have watched the process of disruption among
councillors during-the past two years.
las it is sure that the sun will rise t -
It has been staled by prominent   morrow morning.
persons that
garden' lure,
such thing v
of us elected
that y
due   ti
there  will  be  a 'bear
I  do not expect any
ill occur.    I  think all
here will conduct our-
I  feel
That Eduard Gold is himself beginning to realize this fact is apparent
from his remarks at Collingwood on
Monday night, when he said: "Give
me councillors who will just nod their
i a proper manner
i  will  give  me  the  respect' heads���automatons  arc  good  em,ugh
my  office,  and   I   intend  to:for  me."    Eduard  never  spoke  truer
give you
yon. I
with yi
ion   ari
A toast proposed in the following words, at the banquet of
"The Vagabonds' Club," at the Hotel Vancouver. (This is published by request of many who were present.)
Mr. Ronald C. Campbell-Johnston,
who wore the garb of chief of his clan
���with the Campbell-Johnston tartan
���spoke as  follows:
Ladies and Fellow Vagabonds,���
Speaking to the toast of the Kine Arts
tonight, let ns for just a little while
again dream onr own fair dreams, that
we may know pure art.
Iir a diagnosis, the definition of this
syllable "art," embracing all Ihe line
arts, is alike in both languages,
whether Greek or Latin. In those
tongues the root word denotes "to lit
or join together."
So then  the arts arc the result of
harmony, sounding by brook, river or
tial spheres and stars. They attune
even to the yclept music of celestial
the rythm of this superior symphony
these aethercal chords of grandeur
and thrilling harmonies down to onr
earthly voices and chairs; or adapt
to various mimic instruments, to be
played singly or massed in bands.
This  they  do   to   lead   us  all  hack!'''"'
again to those preconceived dreams of
wrapped   aethercal   music,   and   share
with  us  its coursing charms.
The scientists, whether astronomer,
botanist, doctor or research chemist,
skilled in all analysis and reactions of
fitting and  joining  the  ideals  of our   ,,ature's esoteric elements; the geolo-
making our dreams'Come true in our
dreams into the tangible, in truth
work-a-day life. Yet some sceptics
may suggest that all art is opposed to
real nature in her gentle majesty.
They would thereby infer that genuine art is but an artificial cult. However, I do not like such an expressed
idea, classifying art as a fictitious
reality, to use a paradox. I would
rather much prefer to keep the lirst
idea of "art" which we conceived in
our dreams.
Namely our ideals fitting the intrinsic beauties of nature to our earthly pleasures. Kine arts appeal to
one's aesthetic sense of innate loveliness. Art in its purity represents the
higher self of the whole human five
senses, concentrated; Developed ill
the abstract on a loftier plane, then
gently brought down lo lhe concrete.
As we stand mentally on lhal higher
aethercal position, all can more lucidly appreciate nature in her sublime
simplicity, decked gorgeously in all
her entrancing exquisitivencss.
These uplifted senses of the subjective minds are the true foundations
of all worthy thoughts, developing
our artistic faculties, This world
would bc bul a sorry drab without art.
and would no longer progress without art-dreamers.
Take for an example in painting or
drawing, an intuitively trained artist,
or a clever architect; these people
picture beautiful, glorified beings
while floating in fitful fancy; or scene?
translucent with living colors; or yet
superlative palaces inimitable tracery.
Such flights of vision are, in their initial conceptions, denizens of the astral planes; at lirst flush too wonderful, because pure art, for this venal
world, till cloaked and disguised under a fixed physical garb. Hut by
continued concentration in holding
the pictures formed in the mental
world, these men of genius contrive
on canvas those soul-dreams into almost prosaic waking dreams, for our
The sculptor really sees thc celestial forms in an abstract realm, standing out before his view in perfection
of naked symmetry and outline. Those
ecstatic proportions he has, however,
to block otlt in rude material here on
earth, that such work may live as
gems of his art, long after he himself has passed over the borne, as do
those treasures of immortal Praxiteles.
The musician in his rum., with the
composer, or the singer, all hear with
their transcendant senses, and later
ty to transcribe to folio, the liquid
gist, the inventor, or what not; each
sees dreams, in his mental vision, of
entrancing marvcllousncss. a correlation between heaven and earth; it is
to describe these natural phenomena
clearly to our mundane intellects, that
causes him to he called a scientist, a
magician   regarding  the  natural  arts.
Then in Literature.
The writer, the poet, the word-
painter, and in their wake the critic,
each and cvery one has a true sense
of rhythm and accurate proportions,
imbued in his personality as sccorid
nature, beating in unison to his individuality. K'or today we recognize
that color, sound and form as I'ytha-
goras preached long ago, arc in truth
but mere varying expressions of the
one single phenomenon of idealized
matter, for all time iu tune with the
infinite, the primal cause. These same
artistic scribes can intensely feel a
real situation in vivid imagination and
live it again later in acute sensitiveness. Happily for the human pleasure
their genius can combine these faculties with the splendid gift ol depicting such feelings in living words, and
SO fix these events on mans jaded
perceptions, and the minds of future
generations, yet unborn.
The engraver even in his route has
the gift of real art, in reciprocating
with the artist's original ideas: as too
the carver works to designed patterns
absorbing though the beauties of
curves and roundness, and then trans
figuring them with his carving tool.
The playwright, the orator, the ac
tors, the danters, all these sensitive
artists have everyone a specialized
conception of some ideal, and through
their particular art. endeavor to impress this lofty idea on onr imagination and senses, eventually making the
human  race  better, for  their coming.
It would be impossible to think of
a world as being lit to live in. without art, glorious art of every description, to raise our intellects and ambitions to richer flights of fancy, and
purity of feeling.
And this Vagabond Club of ours,
round whose hoard we are here seated
the respect that is due to
intend to work in harmony
i. and if differences of opin-
e. that is no reason why
there should be enmity. I hope
outsiders will not influence your
judgment, but that you will use your
own good judgment and intelligence
and work for the good of South
Time proves all things. And anyone who has followed the proceedings of South Vancouer council d.i: ���
ing 1915 must admit that Mr. Donald
Burgess was right; that those who
suggested thai the council chanibe.*
would become "a hear garden" were
hi; and that they understood the
ffect of Eduard Gold's contcmplU'Si-..:.
sneering disregard for others' opinions,
and of bis habitual insinuations and
suggestions of ultterior motivei,
whenever others differed from his view
or do not see eye to eye with hint.
Eduard Gold expressed the pious
opinions recorded above cm January
18: before the end of January there
signs of disruption In the mn
eil. Why? Because councillors ,-oiihl
not agree to the whole,ale I'is.ni.-.-al
of municipal officials and employees.
It was alleged, and ��� ilise incut evuits
proved    theie    w'as
The merchant who uses electricity for the general lighting of hi3 sure, but who does not avail himself of the advantages afforded by the electric current for ADVERTISING PURPOSES is not improving all his opportunities.
The advertising value of a brilliantly lighted show window
cannot well bc estimated.
Trade follows electric light wherever, and in whatever
form it appears, and the strong appeal of brilliant electric
illumination, and cf electric signs, is but the working of a
natural law.
Tempting show window displays enhanced by electric
light indicate the progressive store.
I'liuiif Seymour
Carrall and llnntlnicx Situ.
nasi Granville si., near Dn\l<-
amount of truth in the allegation, that
Reeve Gold advocated the who'-*'1-
dismissal of employees simply _ to
create vacancies for his own political
supporters. With his usual impetuosity, Edai.rd "rushed" councillors
into making promises which were no
sooner made than regretted. And because   Councillor   Allen   and   others
���mi to "hold back," and cry o-
"time   to  investigate." before  making
the drastic  changes recommended by
Reeve Gold, thc "fat was in the fire,"
and the trouble began.
So long as councillors agreed with
the reeve's recommendations. Eduard
was quite willing to "work in harmony" with them; but, the moment
"differences of opinion" arose and
councillors began to act on the reeve's
own advice���to use their ''own good
judgment    and    intelligence."     Reeve
Gold's    usual    characteristics    made
themselves known. Eddie "got on his
high horse." insinuations began to fly
around, the reeve's power of suspension was utilized, and tlfenceforward
South Vancouver Council chamber became, as was predicted before Reeve
Gold's election, a veritable "bear gar-
Who was responsible? The councillors say Reeve Gold. Reeve Gold
says thc councillors. I say. the people of South Vancouver: lirst. for
electing a man to the chair who. while
councillor, had proved that he could
not control his vile temper: second,
for allowing him to continue in office
after his conduct as reeve had brought
discredit and disgrace on thc municipality.
As Mr. T. 11. Hamhcr very properly
asked at Collingwood on Monday
night: Why was it that in 1914. and
again this year, when Eduard Gold
was elected to the council, with colleagues absolutely in accord with his
policy, before one month elapsed.
Gold was alone <m one side and the
balance of the council was on the
other side���and each side pulling contrary ways? There must be a reason.
And it is unthinkable to assume that
in 1914 and again ill 1915, the councillors were wrong and Eduard Gold
was right. As Mr. Bamber suggested, if thirteen councillors have been
unable to work amicably with Eduard
tonight, it surely has for its ulterior  Q0Jd,  it  is  not  unreasonable  to  sup-
reason of existence the hope and possibility of here in Vancouver, collecting those dreamers of art-dreams, sojourning among us during their transient journey through life, and of inducing them to exchange with us their
special  gems of  ideal  phantasy.
At the last meeing of The Vagabonds' Club. Mr. Geo. M. Murray of
The Chinook, was elected a member.
pose that the fault lies with Mr. Gold
and not with the councillors���and the
fault is undoubtedly to be found in
Gold's vile temper and his sneering,
vindictive,  vitriolic tongue.
Ed aril Gold, though a Hritish subject, is not of Hritish birth. He has
no traditions of Hritish honor or fair
play or justice. His traditions date
hack, to the land of the Czars, where
word than that, Automatons are th
only kind of men with whom Eduard I
Gold can possibly work. No free-
born man with red blood in his veins
can put up with Eduard's sneers and
jeers and insinuations and allegations
aijd implications and suggestions. The
wonder is. not that the councillors of
1914 and 1915 quarrelled with Eduard
Gold, but that they managed to so
restrain themselves as to refrain from
physical  violence.
In view of these facts, what are the
people of South Vancouver going to
do? Are they going to re-elect Eduard Gold to office fur another year?
If so. whether he he elected by a majority or by a minority, as last year, I
venture to predict that within one
month after election, the council of
1916, if it be composed of MEN' and
not of automatons, will be as the
councils of 1914 and 1915���Eduard
Gold on one side and councillors on
the other, and the council chamber a
"hear garden."
Made   a   few   of   tlieir   kind   rather
Hut  we were just there  for an  "outing."
A  picnic in  fact  for the boys.
Just to listen to "schrapnel" allying.
All around was one of our joys.
If ever again  we get back to  11. C.
We'll just  have  something to tell.
And the "kills" what'll he in the future
Will   know   that   we   did   our   work
vas   willingly   d
���v of the whole
Hritish |
mies  and
the fo
The Saturday Chinook has received
the following verses, written by Mr.
Albert O. Yates, Sellwood, Oregon.
U. S. A. Mr. Yates was inspired to
put pen to paper upon reading an account of the British Columbians by
"Dosch" in the November issue of
the  Sunset  .\ragazine.
Its a long way from  H. C. to Flanders,
Hut we all got there just the same.
And  the   "scraps"  we   had  with  the
Store to Rent
4601    MAIN    STREET
(Former "Chinook" Office),
Large Store. $10.0(1. Apply
C. K. Campbell, Sey. 24.11; or
W. J  Stolllday, 42 32nd Ave. E.
that   it
Old  Ei
r the gh
fought to the finish and
the right,  for "iir  li
for England.
With our faces still turned t
Those dastardly Germanic hordes.
Who the whole world still defying.
And    wreck    factories    and    homes
without  swords,
Too sneaking to stand up and light us
They use gases and dynamite bombs j
And sink ships of neutral nations.
Carrying food for our brave Belgian
No snobbery sully's tiie B. C. ranks,   ;
They're   the   equals   of   all   in   thc |
Officers and men in thc field they are
Where the flag of the nation's unfurled.
And our neutral American neighbors,
Who write anil sing us tlieir praises,
(If     Canada's     brave    boys    in     the
May   our   flags   ever   'twine   in   thc
May they always be floating in union
Forever as one be il "rung,"'
One brotherhood, one family, one nation.
One   kindred,   one   blood    and    one
An old colored woman, who had
been a former servant of an American family, proudly brought her
grandchildren for her old mistress to
see. The three little darkies stood
stolidly ill line, while old Mandy talked about them to. the lady.
"And   what   are   their  names,   Man-
| dy?" asked,  the  latter.
"Dey's all got flower names, missie,"
! replied  the  grandmother.    "Ah  name
them maself.    De gigges', one's name
j Gladoli, and de nex' one we done call
"Very pretty," was the ex-mistress'
I comment. "And what's the third one?"
I     "power   name   again,   missie.     She
am ArtnhficiaH"
I i.l,-.' ii.',i       ���.. - .   "i :'Vrft
I"   I -/.no,   .' "W ''ranil !Wi, 'M"><lc'�� ��
Y.M.C. A.-
Classified Advertising
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, 4S
Hastings St. E��� and 782 Granville
Street, Vancouver,  B.  C.
wanted to clean and repair at the
factory, 438 RICHARDS STREET.
Jewelry, etc. A quiet, respectable,
reliable place to borrow money.
Old gold bought. Established 190*5.
Star Loan Co., 812 Hastings West.
Stove away. We handle castings and
repairs to fit any stove or range.���
FRANKS, 44 Water Street.
Here Are the Standardbearers
Complete List of Candidates Thus Far Nominated
for Provincial Election.
Below will be found a tabulated list of all the constiluencies which
have   nominated   their   candidates   for   the   coming   provincial   parliamentary elections, along with the names of the gentlemen- who are  to
represent their different parties
Constituency.!    Liberal.
Labor St Ind.
Alberni     \ H. C.  Brewster J. G. C. Wood
Atlin i Frank  Mobley H.   E.   Young
Cariboo J.  Yorston J. A. Fraser
Chilliwack E. D. Barrow S. A. Cawley
Cowichan        -.      VV.   11.   Hayward
Columbia    John  Buckam Dr.   Taylor
Comox , Hugh Stewart M.   Manson
Cranbrook   .-Dr.  J.   H.  King      I".  D. Caven
Delia |A.  D.   Patterson ' F.   J.   Mackenzie
Dewdney John Oliver W. J.  Manson
Esquimalt '  R.   H.   Pooley
Fort George.. G. A.  Gaskell G. A.  Hamilton
Fernie    A. I.  Fisher W.  R. Ross
Greenwood __ Dr. C. D. McLean J.  R. Jackson
Grand   Forks. .'    *-'������   TJiornpson.    E. Miller
Islands M.  B. Jackson        W. W. Foster
Kamloops F. W. Anderson J.   P.  Shaw
Kaslo John Keen j Neil  Mackay  ���
Lillooet     J.  B.   Bryson Archie McDonald
Nelson A. M.Johnson W.  R.  Maclean
Nanaimo      A.   E.   Planta
No.Okanagan Or. K.  McDonald Price  Ellison
So. Okanagan   Leslie V.  Rogers ;Mayor  Jones
Newcastle    __     ; Dr. Doicr
N.Westminster David Whiteside | 	
Omineca A.   M.   Manson ! F.  M.   Dockrill
Revelstoke   _. Dr.   Sutherland |Hon.   T.   Taylor
Rossland   ...  W.  D.  Willson
Richmond ,G. G.  McGeer
Saanich    F.  A.  Pauline
Similkameen.- R. S. Conkling
Skeena T.  D.  Pattulo
Slocan ' Chas
H. W. Maynard
J. H. Haw'waite
Basil Gardom
L.   A.   Campbell j
W. J. Baird
D. M. Eberts
L. W. Shatford
Wm.   Manson
F.   Nelson; W.   Hunter
No. Vancouver Mayor   Hanes G, H. Morden.l 	
So. Vancouver J. W. Weart IComm'r  Campbell JR.   H.   Neelands
Trail Michael  Sullivan Jas.  A. Schoneld j	
Vancouver   ..Ralph Smith !W.  J.  Bowser       jW. R. Trotter
M. A. Macdonald C.   E.  Tisdall       Ij. W. Wilkinson
P. Donnelly |A. J. Welsh jj. H. McVety
Dr. Mcintosh Walter  Leek J.  E. Wilton
J. S. Cowper iA. H. Macgowan ,F. A. Hoover
J. W. deB. Farris ;Thos.  Duke F. Welsh
Victoria H. C. Brewster {Mr. Flumerfelt J. H. Haw'waite
John  Hart i  A.   J.   Morley
George Bell I   	
H. C. Hall |   	
Yale    Joseph   Walters      Alex.  Lucas
Socialist candidates have been nominated as follows: Newcastle,
Parker Williams; Comox, J. A. Macdonald; North Vancouver, W.
Bennett; Fort George, John Mclnnes; Slocan, E. T. Kingsley; Femie,
T. O'Connor; Vancouver, J. Harrington, J. Sidaway, C. Lestor, W.
A. Prirchard, J. Kavanagh, W. W. Lefeauj; Victoria, P. Williamr.
Social Democrats in South Vancouver, Ernest Burns. Hi
0 (
i J5 A.T URD S&H&& NOOK,
THURSDAY,   JANUARY   13,_ 1916
100 Overcoats
To Be Cleared Out At
" Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back. "
To the Electors of the City of Vancouver
Ladies and Gentlemen:���
Your vote and influence.solicited for the election of
Walter Hepburn
As Mayor for the Year 1916
Vote for the man who has given long, faithful and
efficient service to the City
fi^ .    W ���< 1���* 1
Dr. J. W. Mcintosh
Alderman for Ward 4
FOR  1916
i                                                          ������i -=J>
Alderman for Ward Six
\ttno J
i "   *
>   t>DV
(By J. Frflncis liursill)
There is one question which will
ciiinc before the new niaynr and council, and before the licensing commissioners as soim as they arc in office;
for I shall bring it before those bodies
myself. That is the question of Sunday concerts.
The only mail who, as far as I can
learn, has spoken nut boldly and sensibly un this subject is Mr. Joseph
Martin, who has said:
"I have no objections tu Sunday
concerts���such objections are arch-
aeic���but the entertainment given
must he a proper entertainment, and
thc collection must bc devoted to the
purpose which is advertised."
This is sound sense, and I heartily
agree with it. Speaking as a man
whose experiences of Sunday concerts
are extensive and peculiar. There are
Sunday concerts and Sunday concerts.
Mayor Taylor has very sensibly granted permits , fur Sunday concerts���
knowing, as he does know, that in this
city there is an absolute need for them.
There arc hundreds who wander the
cold streets, sit disconsolately in hotel windows, or stay in their lonely
rooms with no companion but a
"rriickey"���-who bail with delight a
concert of good music and recitals,
and a nickle or dime dropped into tin;
plate purchases two hours, or should
purchase two hours of intellectual enjoyment, and help some good .cause.
Hut Mayor Taylor, with easy good
nature has not kept a firm hand,
either over thc programmes or the fiance of these concerts. So it bas happened that in some instances a concert
given "fur thc Red Cross" has bene-
1 nobody but thc .promoters, who
divided all the collection among themselves, failing even to pay their printing bill. I can give particulars, of tbis
ir desired. Again, concerts have
been given,. the items on the programme altogether unfitted for Sunday night. And although the sum
of $56 was collected, after a double
collection, and impassioned appeal for
a deserving charity, yet only $6 reached that charity, and 1 caii-narne other
concerts where not one cent has
reached the pnject for which the collection was made.
I have given Sunday concerts for
forty years. "Let the galled jade go
wince, my withers are unwrung," l's
there any man who can say that un-
anything unfit for a sensible Sunday
under my management has been given.
Can any man say that I have personally benefitted to the extent of one
cent  by   Sunday   concerts?
By the concerts which I gave at the
Colonial up to some weeks ago (I
have had nothing tu do with the management uf recent concerts there) 1
kept the Collingwood Institute "going," and entertained three hundred
children there this Christmas. I kept
it going by spending all my own earnings, and working for nothing, the
Sunday concerts only helped.
That brings me to a discussion of
thc question. I believe in Sunday as a
day of intellectual recreation, and rest.
I would not have a music hall show
on a Sunday. I have no sympathy
with those who would taboo good
music and recitals on Sunday. Said
Thomas Hood:
There are some gloomy people,
Not a few���
Who turned by nature
Of a bilious bias,
Renounce black devils to adopt���the
And   think���when   they  are   dismal
they are pious.
Sunday concerts should be bright;
Shakespeare, Dickens, Mark Twain,
Stephen Leaocck; good songs; no
ragtime ditties or music; something to
ponder over all the week with pleasure.
Finance���only a fair modest rent,
to cover costs; perhaps a little over
should be paid; but thc theatre manager has a six-day license; he should
not, under the guise of charity, run
a seven-day show. It is as absurd to
ask an artiste whn has prehaps spent
years and thousands nf dollars to master" a violin as a livelihood to conic
and play for nothing, and pay car
fares and laundry, as it is to ask a carpenter, who must earn his livelihood
by his craft, to work for nothing. [
was one of the founders of the Sunday League. 1 believe in their policy
of paying good artistes modest fees.
I have paid Max O'Rell $75 and $100
for a lecture, and then given a benefit
to charity; but I had an audience of
,1500 paying two cents per head���and
some reserved seats.
I advocate a plate at the door���let
everybody give what they please���
what they can���make the man without a nickel as welcome as the man
who gives a quarter, and often paying legitimate expenses, let the money
go���at once���to the object advertised
and. publish a statement in the Monday paper. Let the concert be managed by responsible people, and a
permit only given to those whose record places them above suspicion of
running  alleged   charity. Sunday  concerts for personal jraiii;
When the new. council is in office,
I shall place my views and experience
before it.
Mr. Edwin Le Mare's Organ
Recitaiin St. Andrew's Church
Alderman Thomas Kirkpatrick
solicits the influence and votes of the Electors of Vancouver for the
' ���'    office of
Alderman Kirkpatrick will base his campaign for the Mayoralty
on his full knowledge of civic affairs as gained through six years of
service on the City Council and his well-known policy of retrenchment
in civic expenditures.
Central Headquarters: 597 Hastings West.   Phones Sey. 29 and 4955
Friday night���Cambridge  Hall, Ward  III.
Monday i:ighl���Seventh and Granville.
Alderman C. N. JAMES
Alderman of Two Years* Standing
Dr. W. H. LANG
(An appreciation  by A. N. St. John-
Mr. Edwin H. Le Mare is by far
the most popular organist, by common report, in America, which he has
visited over and over again; his fame
was achieved early, and in London
(the place where all good music is
finally appraised, if but seldom born
there) as organist of St. Margaret's,
Westminster, and composer he has
gone far. How far, who can say?
Hut I venture to doubt if he has quite
deserve the stupendous enconium with
which I heard him announced here as
the "lirst master in Europe"���and for
that I will give chapter and verse.
The recital opened with Bach's
"Toccata and Fugue in D minor-"
Wagner's "Parsifal Vorspiel," Dvork's
"Carnival Overture." and Mr. Le
Mare's "Improvisation" (on a theme
handed to him by Doctor Ignotus in
the audience) were also notable. Mr.
Hamilton Earle's singing of the distinguished visitor's own setting to
"Thc Bells of Rheinis," Mr. de Vere
Stacpole's noble poem, was admirable;
but on such a theme and with such
words and in such a war-time as the
present who could riot have pleased
an audience? Mr. Le Mare's music
certainly pleased, but it did nut conquer and melt; it was nice but not noble, charming but forgettable, Like
the programme, it seemed light and
The Bach, especially thc fugal section, was magnificently played, and
attuned the vast audience tu thc high
service of highest art as only Bach
can do.
Then followed Dubai's and Hoffman Morqeaux, which make nn great
demand on the attention and were
very agreeable. Mr. Hamilton Earlc
sang Handel's "Hear Me, Ye Winds"
superlatively well., after which should
surely have come some concentration
and emotion in thc grand manner. Instead we were, put through two of the
vastest cosmic dreams in modern music, the "Prelude" to Parsifal and the
"Overture" to Dvorak's Carnival; both
of course, in the grand manner; but,
as with all musical forecasts of great
operas, making for diffusion and multiplicity of emotion and covering vast
spaces and hinting at more.
So small a programme should surely
not have included two such vast philosophies, rather than definite phases of
musical attribute in a single evening.
The "Parsifal" was dexterously played and note perfect; all the wonder,
variety and audacity of Wagner's creation were there, but not the dream.
The transccndal atmosphere of religion, with its lofty summits and its
abysmal futulities was scholastic cleverness instead. The Improvisation
was a charming and subtle tour de
force, perhaps thc ingenuities of modulation and contrapuntal symmetries
were less forceful than rapturous���
rapturously they certainly were; but
where was the great organ? Dovok's
"Carnival Overture" (though on the
grounds already stated it was inn exacting and immense fur the architecture of a slmrt programme) was done
splendid justice by the organist, who
is certainly a great exponent of thc
greatest of instruments. Nn one of
the Slavs has such a sense of values
perhaps as Dvovak. The choice uf
stops, thc sense nf proportion were
alike perfect. Surely one nf the most
stupendously difficult of overtures,
there was never fur a moment a sense
in it nf strain, or any of that dragooning of the senses by conventional
combinations  which  makes a  climax
VWever Touched by Humap Hands-    '**
MOTHER! Isn't it one of your
greatest problems to find food that
will make the children rosy, fat and
strong, anil lay the foundation for
substantial manhood and womanhood?
Don't send the little ones out in life
handicapped by poor health. They
should have food that builds up the
structure of their little bodies solidly;
food that will make (hem plump, rosy-
cheeked and robust���in other words,
good, plain, nourishing, ho me-cooked
food  and plenty of milk.
Sou-Van Milk
is the safest and most dependable milk
you can obtain locally. It contains everything the children need to make
��� Ihem big and strong���is pure, rich,
wholesome and nourishing. It comes
from clean, healthy cows and in its
journey from the ranch to your home
it never comes in contact with dirt _
or impurity and it's never touched by <
human hands. Scientifically pasteurized, clarified, cooled, bottled and
capped���delivered to you in sterilized
Rich in foorl value, perfectly clean
and safe, known for its unusual keeping qualities, the very best milk for
babies, growing children and adults,
Phone Fairmont 202A and obtain a
trial  bottle of SOU-VAN  MILK.
Visit our sanitary dairy and see
what extraordinary precautions we
take with SOU - VAN MILK.
Come any time.
Milk Co.
Phone  Seymour 340G
Week  of January  17th,   1916
From Coney Island
To The North Pole
One Act Musical Comedy
Three times daily, 2.45, 7.15, 9.15
Matinee, 15c; Night, 15c & 25c
uproarious instead of merely passionate and satisfying.
Our gratitude tu the player is so
sincere that it perhaps seems ungenerous to have pointed out that all the
points which make for that mastery
of interpretation which we call genius,
do not of necessity meet in every
player of taste, distinction anil unde-
niahle and deserved fame.
Candidate for Ward I.
M. H. Lowe has hcen nominated
as a councillor for Ward I. Colling-
woud East, tu run at the municipal
elections on Saturday. Mr. Lowe is
resident of Central Park for two years
and is a retired farmer from Kegina.
Sask. lie standi! for an economical
administration ���'.nr! believes in publicity In matters pertaining to the
A man out west, who married a
.viiluw, has invented a device to cure
her iif eternally praising' her former
hitsbfCnd. Whenever she hegins to
liscant on his noble qualities, Ihis ingenious No. 2 merely says: "Pour,
dear man! how I wish me had not
Your Own Health is an Important Consideration, but the
Health of Your Children is a Vital Consideration.
Milk is the staple food for the little folks. It is a good wholesome food for the grown-upsi too, but it must, be pure and
TURNER'S MILK IS "BEST BY TEST"���and besides being
a pure milk, guaranteed, and by the care which wc exercise
in all processes of its handling, it contains to the fullest decree
all thc necessary elements of nourishment.
ri\p |?P|W|,'C     ^e ^g Grocery
ECOUR���Sensational bargain in Robin Hood; 200 bags Robin Hood Flour
in 49-tb. sacks, for    '   $1.53
This big exceptional snap.    Two days only.
SYRUP FOR PANCAKES���Maple flavor; half gals.   Regular 85c for.. 49c
Molasses���Reg. 15c tins 25c Beans���Brown 5 tbs. for .. 25c
Molasses���Reg  .15c  tins; 3 for 25c Rice���Reg. 5c tb., 7 lhs. for 24c
Raisins-Reg. 10c seeded, 3 fur 24c Catsup���Reg. 30c bottles for 18c
Cleanser���3 tins; reg. size for.. 21c r>        ac      ���      t *a
Olives-Reg. 20c  Libby's  for...   9c Asparagus-Reg. 45c size for.. 24c
Salmon���Sockeyc. reg. 25c for      18c Peaches���Reg. 20c  tins   .'  14c
Equal Egg���Reg. 50c tins for     29c Nutri  Ox���90c  bottles  for  69c
I  Apples���B. C. Jonathans-, Wagners. Newton Pippins; reg. $1.75 fur.. $1.37  |
Maple Syrup���Pure, 50c quart but-        Cocoa���30c  tins  for  ..   21c
ties   for    42c        Tea���Victor, 45c  fur   33c
Peas���Genuine  French, 20c tins 13c Pickles���B.   C���   large   bottles;   reg.
Jam���40c  tins   B.  C.  fruit   24c        30c,   for       23c
Bran���Reg. $1.30 for     $1.18        Shorts���Reg. $1.40 fur     $1.27
Wheat���No. 1 fur   ... $1.93 Scratch���Reg. $2.25  fur             $1.97
Mail orders tilled fur above orders al  above prices..' .
C. O. D. orders rushed to all parts of city colled.


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