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The Standard Apr 29, 1916

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��� PRINTING ���
Standard Prices. Standard Work
Standard   Printers
(formerly Chinook)
426 Homer St.        Seymour 470
Vol. IV, No. 52���Established 1911
VANCOUVER,   B.C.,   SATURDAY,   APRIL   29,   1916
Price Five Cents
soldiers homestead act A Vancouver Man Who is a National Figure
THE amendments to the "Soldiers' Homestead Act"
have changed it very considerably iu some most important  particulars.       It  is  necessary,  therefore,  to
i, dogise to the Hon. Minister of Lands, Mr. \\. R. R0Ss,
f' r  stating  last  week   that   his  original act  was  fatuous.
It was, but the amendments have eliminated the fatuous-
-^ and made it practicable.    The point made against the
riginal bill last week was that il allowed returned suhlu-rs
1 pre-empt 160 acres, bin that such pre-empt.,rs would
be to a great extent gregarious human beings, not mis-
.iUhropes, and the act did not provide for community
settlements. The amended measure permits men to apply
for less than 160 acres and the area of pre-emption will be
fixed by its situation and according to the intention of the
pre-emptor. Moreover in order to stop speculation, the
���pre-emptor is prevented from transferring or assigning
his interest before securing a crown grant to his property,
and he cannot secure this for five years after pre-emption
Another amendment provides that both returned soldier:
and purchasers of land resold by the crown must spend at
least $2.50 an acre on improvements. It will he noticed
at once that these amendments make an exceedingly ma
terial difference to the value of the bill, and Mr. Ross ii
I', be congratulated on having brought them down. But
the value of the act will entirely depend on its operation
a".d it is problematical whether under the aegis of a minister of the crown the act can be administered properly.
Under the provisions nf The Soldiers' Homestead Act
returned soldiers must apply tu the Minister of Lands for
pre-emptions. In lhe minister's hands rests the sole responsibility of deciding the fate of the pre-empt,,r. The
act provides that lands, which have not been paid for by
speculators in the past, revert to the government, That is
I" say, supposing A. X. Onymous purchased 5000 acres
from tlie governriieht lour ur five years ago at $10 an
acre and paid $J00D cash fdr same, and since has paid no
more, he now receives 500 acres; and the balance of land
unpaid fur. namely 4500 acres, returns tn tlie crown, The
government was quite a long time making up its mind tu
iln's obvious course, which was suggested over eighteen
months ago, Undoubtedly the bye-elections had a good
���'eal to do with this sudden decision, Putting two ami
two together, it is probable that Mr. A. C. Flumerfelt in
bis brief term as Finance Minister, pointed nut die advantage of this course.    The  kind  tli us returning tu its
riginal owners, the people oi" British Columbia, is set
aside for (he returned soldiers. The minister lias power
to re-sell such lands Inn (lie funds accruing for same
r.iust be turned over In the Agricultural Credit Commis-
siun fur luans to soldier pre-emptors, That is excellent but
jt might be suggested that the lands thus coming under the
jWgis of ihe cruwn should be turned over to the Agricultural Credit Commission and that this Commission, and
not the Minister uf Lands, should have the responsibility of
administering tlie Soldiers' Homestead Act.
The reason for this suggestion is obvious, The Minister
of Lands is a political appointment, and as has been proved
time ami again, the exercise nf patronage is a baneful influence on all administration. It matters not iu the least
whether the government be Liberal or Conservative, the
temptation to exercise patronage in the disposal of these
lands is too great. The Agricultural Credit Commission is
non-political, at least it is specially provided that as far
as possible it shall be non-political. It is provided, temporarily at least, that the Hon. William Manson, president
���of the Council, shall be provisional superintendent. If he
becomes Minister of Agriculture, he must resign as provisional superintendent, wheih will be a very good thing,
fur bis permanent appointment would be a piece of patronage of the worst kind. The appointment is for a period
"f ten years, and it is possible that Mr. A. C. Flumerfelt
i:iay receive it. The Deputy Minister of Finance and the
Deputy Minister of Agriculture are both ex officio directors of the commission, and thus it is certain under prcesilt
circumstances that Deputy Minister uf Agriculture Scott
-.vill be a member of tin- commission. He would make an
excellent superintendent if he were appointed, and such
;iu appointment would be hailed with satisfaction by every
farmer ill the province. Mr, Flumeffell would alsn probably make a very good superintendent, and Ills knowledge of mortgages and finance, and his record as an organiser certainly are entitled to recognition by any g
ment, if he would accopl thc position, lie would, under
thc provisions uf the act. however, have In devote his entire
time tn the performance of the duties of his office. Therefore he may not be available.
It may be Imped however that the government in ils
anxiety tn obtain the goodwill of the electorate, will make
thc further amendment to the Soldiers' Homestead Act
suggested. Tbe reason is clear. The Act is really a basis
for land settlement, and there can be no proper land settlement without the aid of the Agricultural Credit Commission. It is most important that this should be a non-
political body, as the power of loaning money is exceedingly liable to be turned into a means of patronage. For
instance, a farmer at Vernon, a well-known Conservative,
might apply for a loan simultaneously with a farmer at
Alberni, an equally well-known Liberal. The commission
must decide on the security offered and might well be influenced, if it were a political body, by the political color
of the applicant. If it refused the application of the Al-
Iierni farmer, he would feel aggrieved and attribute the
refusal to the complexion of bis politics. At any rate, he
would accuse the commission of being partisan if it gave a
SIR CHARLES HIBBERT TUP-[risters in Vancouver who get through
PER'S office is situated in a two- j more work in the course of the day.
storeyed building on Hastings j "Tupper," said an opponent in a cer-
Street, and is not richly furnished, i tain great case, "is a poor lawyer.
The first thing that strikes your eye You see he isn't sufficiently adroit. He
as you enter the room is a miniature ' doesn't seem to have the legal sense."
in bronze of Sir John A. Macdonald.'     Probably  his   opponent   was   right.
'87, '88, '91, '96 and 1900. He has been
Minister of Marine, Minister of Justice and Attorney-General for Canada. He represented Great Britain
at the Paris Tribunal of Arbitration in
1892 and was knighted in recognition
of the splendid work accomplished at
that conference on behalf of the Empire.
One of Sir  Charles   Hibbert   Tup-
per's personal friends is the Hon. Ro-
Sir John stands there on the pedestal I Sir Charles, whether or not he pos-
with his head up and body In poise,' sesses the "legal sense," does not pos-
rather bent, one would think, upon j sess the legal mind. One could hard-
looking out of the window into Ho-1 ly think of Sir Charles endeavoring to
mer Street and across to the office of' maintain that black was white.    Oneibert    Lansing,    Secretary    of    State,
THE STANDARD. j great  man  predicted  that    "Charlie j Washington,   D.C.,   with   whom   Sir'
Behind  a  modest   flat-topped  desk ��� wouldn't make a good lawyer ��� too j Charles had been ascociated in earlier
sits Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper.    He j honest." |days   in   connection   with   diplomatic
greets you, if you are a stranger, po-;    In these few paragraphs it is not work when  Lansing represented the
litely and takes lots of time to hear I intended to prove whether Tupper is
your story whatever it may be. His' a great lawyer. The point is that he
voice is pleasant and deep and reson-iis one of Canada's great men resident
ant. He doesn't put on any side. He i in the city of Vancouver,
doesn't imitate the English in clothes] Sir Charles was born 61 years ago.
or pronounciation or shoes. He is a j His wife was Janet, the daughter of
real Canadian is Sir Charles Hibbert j Hon. James Macdonald, Chief Justice
Tupper, K.C.M.G., LL.B., K.C. of Nova Scotia.    He won the gover-
Though other lawyers in Vancouver i nor-general's   scholarship   at   McGill.
make more money than  Sir Charles,  He  attended  Harvard  Law  School���
few are higher respected. Sir
Charles goes to the office every morning and few there are among the bar-
called to the bar in Nova Scotia in
'77. In 1882 he was elected to the
House   of   Commons   and   re-elected,
United States of America and Tupper
the Dominion of Canada.
Politically Sir Charles Hibbert is
a Conservative. He is against the
party machine idea of conducting the
politics of the country. He has been
out of public life for many years. But
there is every likelihood that the a-
wakening of the public conscience
throughout the length and breadth of
Canada will bring about among other
things the return of Sir Charles Hibbert to the political forum.
Due of the most important clauses
Credit Act is that which states the .-
ections of this clan
uv purpose which in tli
loans.   Three sub-s
may be made for "a
Commission will in
in  respect of which
11 '"'* | out the objects of a
vern-| Order in Council";
anv existing i   ���
ihe productiveness
the loan is proposed"; an
,ny association, subject to i
and "taking over in whole
n by the Crown . . . i i any
I the  individual.   Furthermore, tl
the Agricultural istration  to thc Commission v
cific  purpose of association as an applicant can 1
stale that lpans Commission and lend it again to a
"ssociation  being the responsible
idividual.    li has been found bj
ilintries that land hanks directly
uh!  I,
the lain
pprpval by
or in pari
Xow these
le that the
ociation of
mpany for
or'any debentures issued by any association
sections must be borrte in mind, as ihey pr
Credit Commission can loan money to any
farmers who may be bound together in a
co-operative purposes. The solll of the farming interests
is co-operation. The salvation of the farming industry in
British Columbia is co-ordination, and il is largely owing
to the lack of proper organisation that the farmers ol"
British Columbia have not prospered as they should, It
must be admitted that the general tendency to speculate
iu land, which has encouraged" farmers to sell their lands
and make a profit therefrom, rather than from their own
industry, has been the canker at the root of the matter.
But under the new act it is possible for farmers to form
their own co-operative associations and banks and borrow
money from thc commission, to be advanced through their
own hanks to members of their association. It may bc
hoped that the Agricultural Credit Commission will do
all it can to encourage the borrowing by associations rather
than by individuals.
There is a very good reason why this should be so
loan to a Conservative and refused it to a Liberal. The \ was said of the late Mr. J. P. Morgan that when asked
one objection to the commission is this and the expense jhy an acquaintance why he lent a large stun of money to J
inr the whole of their capital, are n
as those land hanks which carry mi i
part of their own subscribed fund- u
ment funds to their niembers. lij
snciaiinns to become responsible fo
Commission will automatically enco
form associations in every district .
marketing of their produce and tilt
It will be seen at once why it is so :
thc crude problem of political patronage
Homestead Act to be administered by
bi lonsiderable, \u
row a sum from tin
udi* idual member, tin
orrower and nol the
; erience ii   all othci
ikiny i'. governmeni
i nearl} so successful
ie business of lending
id part of thc go-1 rn
encouraging such as-
r their members, the
j rage the farmers to
nd co-operate in the
purchasing  of  their
rtaut, outside
for the Soldiers'
the  Agricultural
Credit Commission. I indicated last week that National
Service as a means ol* production might very well be one
of the outcomes ol the war. There is no doubt that if in
British Columbia land were cleared and settled under a
system of National Service, or a system of labor colonies
under a military form of administration, large tracts could
be cleared fur agricultural purposes at a very low cost.
Supposing, for example, 1500 soldiers returned from the
war and expressed a desire to pre-empt land. At the
same time they objected to being isolated in some far off
region, a lung way from a railway, and with no means of
keeping in touch with a town. They would argue with
considerable force that even supposing they could clear
land and farm  it, they would be unable  to  market their
of passing on each loan.   In fact, at first, the expense
of   i certain individual with rather poor security, which he had j produce except at a price which would prevent them com
administration is liable to be greater than the one per cent, [refused to another individual with very good security, h
allowed over and above the rate of interest at which the
commission can borrow money.. In practice it has beep
found in the past that a farmer cannot afford to pay rfiore
than 5 1-2 per cent, on money loaned. Thc first; loans
will probably bc made at just under 7 per cent., and it will
be a matter of experience to discover whether a farmer
can pay this rate in British Columbia when If has been
unable to paj* it elsewhere.
replied that he loaned money more on character than on
security. The great strength of farmers' associations lies
in their co-responsibility. Each member of tbe association
knows the other members by their character far better
than any Commissioners could possibly do. The association is infinitely more responsible than an individual; its
responsibility for money borrowed being multiplied by the
peting with thc farmers more favorably situated. They
might express their willingness each to take up five acre's
of land, but they might also state they had no capital for
clearing same. Xow if the Agricultural Credit Commission were faced with this problem it might handle it on the
community basis. It would supply a superintendent and
thc capital or plant necessary, and it would conduct a
land settlement colony which would prove eventually {���.,
number of its  members, as  against thc  responsibility of be of immense importance to the whole community.
Right in front of us all, fur those who arc not blinded
by prejudice, there is an excellent illustration of such a
community. The Doukhobors, for all their unpopularity,
ar.- a fine example of an agricultural community which
has been most successful and the work of which has considerably astonished both Messrs. Bowser and Ross. They
have iheir prejudices and their drawbacks. But they have
made tlieir land a model of productiveness. Let the Agricultural Commission take thc place of the Doukhohor
leader, Peter Vereeniging. It would select about 10,000
acres of land and plant its 1500 returned soldiers thee
The soldiers would be used to camp life, and would in
double quick time select their own officers, put up their
own temporary quarters, and start land clearing on an
organized stale. The cost of lumber and the cost of food
could be advanced by the commission on the security of
the land. Directly a sufficient quantity of land were
cleared, it would be put under cultivation according to the
advice of the superintendent appointed by the commission.
The returns from the produce would bc credited to the
interest on the loan to the community, and the community
would not actually own land as individuals until sufficient
had been cleared and cultivated to give each individual
a homestead. This is merely the roughest outline of a
system which wants to be very carefully thought out. But
if the Soldiers' Homestead Act had included some such
scheme and it had been debated in tbe House, all the objections could have been threshed out and a most interesting experiment would have been very widely advertised.
It is no good dismissing such schemes as chimerical.
The Doukhobors have proved them to bc practical. We
must get out of our rut and consider what can be done to
attract population to our province. It is absolutely useless
to imagine that we can advertise our Soldiers' Homestead
Bill as an attraction for the settler. W'e want to provide
some method which enables the returned soldier, who
may have no money whatever, to start right in and work
with a very good prospect of becoming independent very
quickly. He cannot possibly pre-empt 160 acres and im-
prove it without money. The Commission cannot lend him
sufficient money to clear thc land. It is reckoned that it
costs the individual mi an average at least $200 an acre
to clear the land. Under present circumstances, he has
to first of all reach the land, wliicli'ls -'sually an expensive
lnatter, In snme cas*es the land might bc easy to clear. If
so, such land could be selected for the community experiment. But the individual has to take up his bed and walk,
metaphorically speaking. Ile has to camp on his 160 acres.
He knocks a shack together and sets to work. For
months he lives in practical isolation. Sumo men may
prefer this kind of life. If su. there is nothing to prevent
them indulging their preference. But the majority of our
returned soldiers, and they are the majority of the type
of settler ��c so badly want, as has been said, are gregarious. A great many of them will probably desire for some
months after their return explosions of various sorts as
their night cap.    Seriously speaking,  however,  is  it not
| cpiite plain that under the circumstances there is an absolutely unique opportunity for a scheme of this kind in
j the field of peace on a scale which would almost certainly
I succeed  because of  the  experience already gained   in  the
' field nf war?
With regard t-' the situation of the lands our returned
soldiers can pre-empt, as has been pointed out, it is no
use sending them far from the means of 'transportation
and the possil iliiie> of markets. We can build up com-
I munitics, and it would be easy to organize several such
communities of various sizes, according to the situation
land possibilities i f production offered by the land. There
are hundreds of acres of good farm lands which have
virtually been abandoned because farming in thc past lias
not paid. There are millions of acres of land which cau-
not be used ai present, but which in the future may prove
valuable. Supposing a farmer has 500 acres of good land
in the Fraser Valley, near Sumas. lie may be farming
100 acres and letting the "ther 400 acres lie idle, covered
with second growth, merely because he biis never had the
money, or the time, or been able in gel the labor to put
;d"r   ultivation, dyke them
Supposing the 400 ai res i
to  their  situation.    The
lai ���. lyii .   al solutely i il
him 4000 acres oi    ndevi I
the interior and exchange such laud, which might
ili.it recovered >. tin ci iwn under the S -fliers'
Homestead Vet, for his 400 acres oi land which can be
cultivated, Foui acres of such land for small farming would
be ample, and as much as one individual could possibly
manage. No less than 100 pci pie could be settled on that
laud and the value of the land would promptly be very material!;, increased as well as lhe value of the owner's original holding. If it is pi ssiblc to urn-!- out souk- such -cheme
it is certain thai '.here are several thousand acres of land
within comparatively easy reach of markets and with
transportation close at hand. Moreover, a small holding
of this kind enables a man to work at other jobs when
they are offering, and keep his holding as a capital investment out of which he can always earn sufficient interest
to keep his family during bad seasons when other work
is scarce. It provides him with a permanent home to
which he can always return instead of shifting his family
from place to place wherever he happens to be working.
The farmer at present is faced always with the very
difficult problem of labor. ' He cannot get labor when he
most wants it. But under the community system the problem of labor is solved, as it is to the interest of everyone
to help each other. Moreover, under such conditions,
men marry antl bring up families. They can live healthy,
outdoor lives. They are surrounded with people all having
the same kind of interest. They are within reach of a city
and can run in for business or pleasure. The effect of .
such communities on the prosperity of the city is enormous. They stimulate industry by adding a solid and
steady purchasing power to its basic economic structure.
In Denmark, Germany, France, Belgium, Holland, such
communities are .found on the outskirts of all large towns
and form the foundation of their prosperity. Why is it impossible to carry out such projects here? Under the proper administration of the Agricultural Credits Act, wliich
creates a central authority which could bc responsible for
I helli   l:
the in
o Vt ing
bc pari
wise deal with
i SIIHI an avre,
-   then   $40,000
would be better
and worth SIO an
lu ,-
TU .1
��he jftanliarii
Published every Saturday at )-K Homer Street. Vancouver.
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all such settlements, we have the machinery available if
only the right men. arc allowed lo work it. If the problem
of the returned soldiers provides us with the opportunity,
why not make use uf it? It needs boldness, skill and imagination. Xo man can honestly say that it is impossible
to carry out such projects. It is more than probable that
if inquiry were made among the farmers, who for years
have been on the threshhold of their own lands and who
have never been able to get a return on the original capital expended on their holdings, it would be found that they
would ardently welcome such a proposal. Here again
their associations would he of enormous value as collectors
of information.
It is not only for the returned soldiers we would bc
providing, but fur all immigration. The registration uf all
people coming into the country and thc collection of data
concerning them would be an asset of great importance.
The skilled artisan might temporarily find work and a
home in such communities, and when circumstances enabled him to get steady employment in the city, he could
go to it. Employers should register tlieir needs with thc
government and immigrants would be scheduled under
their trades. This, however, is another matter wihch concerns our labor problem. But our land settlement problem,
if rightly regarded, bears a very intimate relation to our
labor problem. The whole situation has been changed by
the bye-elections. The government has bestirred itself,
it is really anxious to gain popularity. The Liberal party
if it is wise will allow it every opportunity. It bas done
a great deal of good in a very short period. Under previous circumstances the amendments to the Soldiers'
Homestead-Act would never have been brought forward.
The Act would have passed and became law, and only
when its operation proved halting would it have been
amended in grudging fashion. But now the government
is anxious to please. It has seen the writing on the wall
and taken heed. So much thc better. The people arc
perfectly indifferent to party, but they are determined to
make tlieir servants earn their pay. In the few weeks ol
thc present session quite a lot of work has been done. The
government cannot take all the kudos itself. The people
have viewed with contempt much of its belated efforts
and have realised that after all they rule, and that their
servants are like all servants, most anxious to please only
when they arc liable to bc dismissed at any moment.
nianent result of the week's programme and for years to
come it wil lhe the mecca nf many visitors who will find
in the simple flowers associated with the poet's name.
remembrances uf his genius and the principles fur which
he stood.
And now wc call attention tn what has been tbe outstanding feature of the commemoration, a feature first in
importance, because as Shakespeare bas himself said, "The
play's the thing." Shakespeare had been to a considerable
extent buried under his commentators, Students have surrounded his work wilh a kind of halo. And those who
have been disciples of lhe Shakespeare cult have been ill
danger of forgetting that he was first and foremost a playwright who wrote for the stage, and only mi the stage can
the true results of his work be seen as he intended it.
Mr. Harold Nelson Shaw has remembered this fact, and
in lhe Shakespearean plays which he has given this week-
he has not only done justice lu the poet, but may be credited with having brought the city tu a proper state of homage, assisted by an earnest band of workers wlm entered
upon their task as a labor of love. Mr. Harold Nelson
Shaw placed upon the stage in a true Shakespearean atmosphere Hamlet, The Merchant of Venice. Romeo and
Juliet and Julius Caesar. Kvery one of the productions
reached, judged by any standard, a high level of excellence
and were indeed a revelation to Vancouver uf the histrionic talent which has been lying for so long latent in the
And why should this talent lie latent The appetite for a
Shakespearean drama should grow by what it feeds upon.
It is a healthy appetite and one which should be gratified
and Vancouver can be congratulated upon the fact that
iu Mr. Harold Nelson Shaw it has a caterer who would
hold his own in any city where the language of Shakes
pearc is spoken and his work esteemed.
THE WEEK-END TRII'S from the Washington dry
belt tu thirst-quenching refuges in B. C. are known as
"Oasis Outings." ���   ���
THERE WILL BE a crater in the Commons' Chamber
in Ottawa when General Sam Hughes turns his 50 ccnti-
rfleter guns on the opposition shell charges.
A STUFFFED CLUB is unequal to the task of knocking
nut a stuffed voters' list.
* * *
IX THE OPINION of the beheaded civic employees lhe
aldermen are a bunch of village cut-ups.
HUNDREDS  OF  CITIZENS were  not even  inconvenienced or interested  in  ihe closing of  the banks  fur four
days during the Easter holidays.
IX THE MATTER of number
the bear cat uf Mexico.
IT IS ABOUT time f,.r Commander Kurd of the World's
Peace Expeditionary Force to mobilize the delegates at
Washington for home service.
DURING THE WEEK we have been reminded of an
interesting anniversary. The twenty-seventh of April was
the twentieth anniversary of the first arrival of the Empress ��� f India in this port Turning over the old newspaper files we found a report uf a banquet given on tliat
occasion. With considerable admiration for the public
men of today, we are forced tu ask what has come t i
Vancouver oratory. The speeches delivered twenty-five
years ago reached a high level. They were decorated
with apt quotations, classical and poetical, and taken altogether they were far ahead nf anything we have heard
lately. It is true we caniiut have such an interesting occasion to inspire our speakers, but there have been many
occasions on which a little imagination, a little sign of
wide reading would have been welcome. \\'e are a little
tired of our natural resources being the only theme on
which our local orators attempt to spread themselves.
"The truth at nil llme�� firmly utiinda
And ���hall from age to age endure."
THERE is a general concensus of opinion that Vancouver has done itself immense credit by the interesting and in some respects unique manner in which it
has commemorated the tercentenary of William Shakespeare. In this commemoration thc city has shown a thorough appreciation of the duty which devolved upon it, and
it has performed that duty with enthusiasm and a remarkable versatility.
There is every reason lo believe that had Vancouver
���been on the high crest of a wave of prosperity that it
would have made the commemoration one of pomp and
circumstance. Hospitality would have been extended to
other cities whose representatives would have been asked
to joinin a commemorative banquet or some such function. But the times arc to a certain extent "out of joint."
The work of the patriotic society and the Rei) Cross makes
demands upon the depleted purses of the citizens, and
therefore the Shakespearean Tercentenary has been commemorated to some extent with "maimed rites." But if
the poet has knowledge of what goes on in this world^-
and perhaps he has���he will.approve of what Vancouver
has done, for he himself, said that "nothing can he found
amiss when ovc, simplicity and duty tender it." And
Vancouver wisely confined itself to a simple commemoration and attempted nothing beyond its powers.
Addresses to the school children have been given, the
value and interest of which have been acknowledged by the
school trustees iu a letter addressed to the secretary of
the Tercentenary committee. Public lectures have been
given and these have been of such calibre that the lecturers
have been invited to attend outlying districts such as
New Westminster, Langley and other places. Over two
hundred and fifty essays have been written by school
children and by the citizens, and as will readily bc recognized, the preparation of these essays have involved a good
deal of Shakespearean reading. The Vancouver book sellers report a most gratifying demand for Shakespearean literature, and as a result of the Tercentenary celebration
many a home has welcomed Shakespeare, some such homes
having been places to \yfiich the bard had hitherto been a
An outstanding feature of the commemoration was the
dedication of the Shakespeare garden.   This will be a per-
THIS week the question of motion picture censorship
came up in the legislature. Mr. Brewster and the
opposition members objected to the present system
of censorship whereby power to reject any or all films
offered the exhibitors in this province is controlled by
one man.
Our Premier, in replying to the arguments of opposition
members, defended the present system and declared that
the censor in Vancouver was doing good work in improving the morals of the people! See NEWS-ADVERTISER
report of Wednesday, April 26.
Twice has the censor's decision been appealed from,
said the Premier. In these cases the Premier himself had
constituted the court of appeal. Once he upheld the
censor and once thc picture house people.
It is only fair to all concerned to point out that the picture house whose appeal was upheld by Mr. Bowser was
thc Colonial Theatre at the corner of Granville and Dunsmuir Streets. The picture under dispute was "The Spoil-
ers," a wonderful dramatization of the story by Rex
"The Spoilers" is a story of the North Country. It
centres round a claim-jumping conspiracy much after the
lines of the recent claim-jumping of the Ward property
in Cariboo by John llopp, the Seattle man who w.*cs aided
and abetted in taking Ward's property by Government officials.
In "The Spoilers" a crooked lawyer who is in politics,
plays a leading part. He is sent from Washington, D.C., to put over crooked work in Alaska. He
doesn't succeed. There is a woman in "The Spoilers,"
much of the character and description of a dame who
played some little part in the earlier real estate dealings
of the McBride Government.
There are dens of iniquity shown in "The Spoilers"
much after thc character of those dens which flourished
at Fort George, in the Portland Canal, at Tete Jaime
Cache, and at other points throughout British Columbia
under the eyes and with the sanction of thc Provincial
police employed by Mr. Bowser, purist, holiness leader
and attorney-general.
Mr. Bowser knew that every movement pictured in "The'
Spoilers" was true to life. He was familiar with many of
the phases of the story presented because be for many
years had been the chief spoiler in this province.
But the point we wish to make is this: that thc theatre
in which "The Spoilers" was presented, after it had been
rejected by tbe censor when other theatre had applied for
the right to present the picture, was the Colonial Theatre,
a building owned by Mr. William John Bowser, a building from which he extracts a heavier rental than is to bc
had from most buildings on Granville Street.
Mr. William John Bowser, prime minister of British
Columbia, has one system of censorship for moving pictures in which he is directly interested; he has another
system of censorship for pictures in which his competitors
in the moving picture business are interested.
Wc do not suggest that'.Mr. Bowser consistently favors
his own theatre in censoring motion picture films. It is
apparent, however, from thc facts given, that it is possible
for Mr. Bowser lo consistently favor himself, as he is interested in that business which Mr. H. H. Watson says is
the "Best Paying Business in Vancouver."
Mr. Bowser, so far as thc censoring of motion pictures
is concerned, is in the same position as he is with regards
to Pacific antl Grcat Eastern Railway, where he was solicitor for the company and law officer for the Crown;
Dominion Trust, where he personally advised the wreckers
and officially advised thc government, and in many corrupt
and fraudulent transactions which have debased thc Province of British Columbia in the eyes of the world at large.
'IE NEW METHOD adopted in publishing (be casualty
lists is confusing and unsatisfactory to the relatives audi
families of the buys at the front,
TIIE EUSS THAT is being made about the alleged I.l' -
eral voting scandals reminds us of a good story.    There
[happened In be a flood at a little village, and a drygdods
j clerk in attempting to rescue a telephone girl washed away
f lives General  Villa is  by the flood, lost his life.   In the next world he recounted
j this story of his heroic death to every newcomer, and he
remarked   that   whenever   he   happened   to   be   speaking
nf his exploits a grey-bearded old fellow would interrupt
him wiih contemptuous cries of "bah," "tin." "pooh," as if
he thought very little of the matter.    The drygoods clerk,
by this time a white-robed denizen  of paradise,  one day
asked an uld inhabitant, "Who is lhat old fellow who always snifts contemptuously when I am telling the story
of how I saved tbe telephone girl in the flood?"
"Well," said the seraphim in reply, "you don't expect him
PRIME MINISTER BOWSER says that the official
appointed to censor moving picture films has done a great
deal to improve the morals of the people of British Columbia.   (Sec DAILY PROVIXCE report, April 26).
That being true, wc \'
session of the Legislature,
to sec the movies.
mild   suggest   that  after   every
the Premier take his followers
HOUSEKEEPERS WILL VIEW with alarm a sharp
advance in the price of sugar on the even of the opening
of the coming season. Prunes and evaporated apples will
bc substituted in many households.
* * *
THERE IS NO cessation of the. precipitation wc are having this Spring.
* * *
SHOULD THREE CITY fireballs bc closed several firemen would be fired men.
THE EASTER LILY may fade, but the price of the girls'
Easter lids lingers long in father's memory.
WE WOULD ALSO suggest that the movies bc more
frequently patronized by the president and secretary and
all members of the executive uf the local Conservative Association, with th.e dxciption, if possible, of the Rev. Mr,
Boulton and ex-Rev. Maitland, who do not need any further stimulation along thc lines referred to.
WE WOULD URGE the following Liberals to attend
picture shows more regularly: Joseph Martin, the editor
of THE;  SUX, John  Junes,  Felix Penne, Sain  Robb and
Jimmie Cullen.
* * *
IT IS NOT suggested that any of these gentlemen in any
wise lack moral fibre. But more frequent attendance at
pure pictures will not expose them to temptation.
MR. BOWSER SWEARS that when a certain man called
upon him at his office, regarding an Indian Reserve, he
used the following language to wit: "Get to hell out."
Wh'. BELIEVE THAT Mr. Bowser should endeavor ti
attend his own chaste picture shows as often as humanh
possible.    Such language is most unpardonable.
W. J. B. in denying charges in connection with corrupting
* * *
IT IS MARVELLOUS bow our local public men get
away with these remarkable statements. Now the Vancouver WORLD published Mr. Bowser's speech in which
he made reference to the greasing just as a matter of
course, in the next column to the personals. Our people
don't seem lo care whether Bowser "greases" anyone or
whether anyone "greases" Bowser. We're in British Columbia, you know, and all that sort of thing goes herel
Fancy Mr. Asquith going to the Guild Hall and making
a speech and referring perhaps to some business between
Great Britain and France, and using language such as our
premier uses. The London TIMES might conic out something like this: Mr. Asquith then addressed the meeting.
He referred to the situation on the west front and predicted early victory for British arms and the survival
of British standards. "I am a man of the world," said
Mr. Asquith, "I know from other transactions not only
with Canadian politicians but with other people that a bit
of greasing sometimes bas to be done."
Fancy Premier Borden making a speech in the Commons in the following language: "So far as Bob Rogers is
concerned and bis dredging affairs, I have not tipped
my mitt to him as yet. However, I am a man of the world.
I know from other transactions, not only with dredging
contractors, but other people, lhat a bit of grease goes a
long way sometimes. And you take it from me, kid, that
I'm hep."
Fancy a teacher in a Vancouver public, school years
hence instructing a class of pupils in Canadian history. He
takes his place at tbe desk and proceeds: "We now come
to a phase of Canadian history which is interesting. The
fine old men of the type of Sir Charles Tupper, Macdonald ("John A."). Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Alexander Mackenzie, T. C. Norris and James Pliny Whitney, have passed
to their fathers and a new order is brought about. British
Columbia has for premier one William John Bowser, who
bas taken his position by knifing a companion in political
adventure, Sir Richard McBride, who, with all his faults,
was much beloved by many people rif all parties. It might
be said in passing lhat McBride did much to change the\
party system���changing many Grits into Tories and vice f
versa. Now, as regartls Mr. Bowser, let us remember that
first and last Bowser used all his efforts to improve the
morals of the people of British Columbia. He was strong
with the prohibition people, strong with the suffragettes,
but' he was particularly strong in tbe choice of language.
On one occasion the following gem fell from his lips.
(Teacher here reads story of the sacking of thc Kitsilanos
and reference made to the virtue of a bit of grease applied
to the proper place at the proper time.
to think much more of the story of your trumpery flood!
That's Noah!"
And so it came about that though some of thc young
element in Vancouver politics are making a storm in the
tea-cups about a number of alleged Liberal pluggers, the
old Conservatives and toughened (Tarty men are saying
very little. They know all about that sort of thing on
quite a large scale. Plugging votes has to them no novelty. They know bow it's done, why it's done���nay, more
���they know something of results. Very wisely the old
tins are holding their tongues. They arc wise enough to
remember tlie old adage that "those whn live in glass
houses should be careful about the hurling of stones."
But a serious view must be taken nf this case. The
Liberal candidates who have resnlulely set themselves
to the task nf finding out who the pluggers were and
where they came from and who hired them, arc entitle',
to the support and encouragement uf the community at
large. It is a new departure in party politics in this community and one which will be welcomed. Liberalism which
tolerates crookedness is bogus Liberalism. Let us have-
none of it in  British Columbia.
What is advanced as an argument against prohibition,
but which, really is nn argument al all., is the claim that
the reform cannot be made effective in lhe cities where
public sentiment is opposed to prohibition,
That is to say, if Michigan should vole tn go dry, statewide, it would be impossible to stop the sale nl' alcoholic
liquors in Detroit, assuming that the majority sentiment
here is opposed, which will not be determined, of course,
until the votes arc counted.
The liquor interests advance this   claim.
The proof of that is in its dampness.
They assume tllat the majority sentiment in cities is
against prohibition.
We have as much license tu assume, therefore, in shaping our reply, that Michigan will go dry next November,
Wc do not know who the next mayor of Detroit will he.
The claim of the liquor interests, nevertheless, libels
We do not know who the next police commissioner of
Detroit will be, but the claim of the liquor interests libel
We do not know who the next police commissioner's
lieutenants will be, but the claim of the liquor interests
libel them.
We do not know who our next sheriff will bc, but the
claim of the liquor interests libels him.
We do not know wdio our next prosecuting attorney wilt
bc, but the claim of the liquor interests libel him.
We do not know who our police justices under prohibition will be, but the claim of the liquor interests libels
We do not know who the judges of the recorder's court
will be when Michigan has gone dry, but the claim of the
liquor interests libels them.
We do not know who the judges of our circuit courts
will he under prohibition, but thc claim of the liquor interests libels them.
Thc claim of the liquor interests is that none of these
officials will accept the expressed will and thc law of the
people of Michigan.
The claim of the liquor interests is that after Michigan,
has gone dry and all of these officials are permitting defiance of the law, no newspaper in Detroit will expose and
denounce them.
Speaking for this newspaper, thc claim is a lie. <
* * * *,
When the liquor interests tell us that it will be impossible to enforce prohibition in the cities, they judge the
future by what they have been able to do in the past byway of political control.
They forget that once the people have voted a criminal
instead of a legal classification for their business, the
political power they have wielded will have been rendered
But, for the sake of nailing this argument as no argument at all, let's accept the claim of the liquor interests
as based on faet.
It will riot be so, but let's admit that after Michigan has
gone dry, the sale of alcoholic liquors goes on exactly as
at the present time.
It will not be so, but let's admit that there will be just
as many saloons in operation, just as many glasses of beer
and just as may glasses of whiskey sold as at the preent
Wc will not bc any WORSE OFF, will we?
And wc have still on our side the possibility of getting
a public official here and there who would refuse to enter
the great conspiracy the liquor interests claim for their
side of the argument.
And we have on our side tbe still further fact, that the
rest of Michigan would be dry, and we would be that much
better off.v.
Admitttjrfg the silly argument of the liquor interests, we
uelieve we have their argument whipped and exposed to
its emptincssai-Delmit Times.
We are having a number of calls for five and seven room
houses, in different parts ui the City. W'e shall be glad tu have
your listings. N'o charge unless results obtained. See our Rental
North West Trust Company, Limited
509   Richards  Street Seymour 746/
piillill!llil!i:ilii:!ilil!ili!l!ll!!!!l!!:!!ll!:ili||!ii!li':''    ' ; .;.'"
Investors seeking safely together wiih an attractive interesl
yield should investigate the merits of 11. C, Municipal blonds which
g      return   from 6 per  cent,  to 7  1-8  per  cent.    Tlieir  desirability  is .
gj shown by the demand for them. Consult our Bond llepl., iu person
or by letter.
1 Canadian Financiers Trust  Company
Head Office:  839 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B.C.
PATRICK DONNELLY, General Manager.
r"..,,:r���; ' ,,,_.,y ', , , , :,:..;..;:   .. |    |1
IIIKHII iiii!,li!;Mlllllllllllllii��l��ii��ll!ilil
You Need Campbell's Help
To Ship Household  Goods
First of all CAMPBELL can save you money, in nearly every case, i n
transportation charges. Second, where you might have trouble iu securing
space reservation, CAMPBELL as shipping specialist, has none. Thin!.
CAMPBELL relieves you of all the detail, all the worry and fuss oi shipping. Fourth, the charges are so small you will lie surprised. Free estimates and information.    Phone Seymour 7.1'ill.
Campbell Storage Company
CITY   OK   NEW   WESTMINSTER  The Commission of Conservation dur
The . "in eil oi thc ty of Xew
\\ cslminstcr has ordi red a la salt
ol all property in arrears of lave- up
lo 1913 lu 'order to make their expenditure come within   iln-  estimated
revenue,   tin-  city   fatl er-   leel   lhal   lac
ing the year 19.15 conducted an agricultural survey on over 400 farms
throughout the Dominion. The refill- did not indicate that many Canadian farmers had heard of lae I Ihio
farmer who is reputed to have served
ice cream to his labor mi hot days.
Ten  per cent, of the farmers visited
sal,-  musl   be   held.     While   a   great |by  ""'  C��mmissi��"  ��-   Conservation
have  had  boys  leave and go  to  the
tn jut rent, have sons mar-
niaiiy pe iple are bitterly opposed \>
Phone Seymour 7360
iMIIiiUil::::,!:.!'!  ;- "��������� ' "��������� <    :���             ". '     ������ -      '���'������'           " ���''.          - "a"   !'i'"*��l!lfi���W'!<��'liil
IBll!l!lll:i!:!!!!!'*l::!vr���;:;l::,',; *       . :'    '���       i:s ' '   '
The Telephone
Will Serve
You Best
When you don't feel like writing a letter,
don't write it���use the telephone.
By long distance telephone you will get
your answer, too, in less time than it takes to
write a letter. ,
Your telephone takes you anywhere.
iln- ai lion, ii  musl  be  said  that  the i l   -
council   have   been   ,,-rv   considerate  ricd and who are farmin8'    Nineteen
bj  including arrears up to 1913 only 'iH*' cent i,;l"���" ,li;" thcy were ln|l"u'" ' W
The council has also made a bond  ln8   so,ne   ",n"   "'   bookkeeping,  but  W
sale by accepting thc bid of Messrs. h5"1-** '""* ma"  was followin8 ���' com-
Wood Gundy & Co. al 84.5 with ac-  Plete  method'    Sixty-seven  per cent.
emed  interest  and   delivery   in   New  ,ilke agricultural papers, 1/ per cent.
Westminster for the city's thirty-year takc sl "*-v ma8azlIlcs. :""' '"' Per '''"'���
five  per  cent,  debentures,  amounting  take a dal|y paper'
to $152,15H.I!;I   The pric- the city will       I" 53 per cent, of the families vis-
receive  works  out  al   S12S.5SJ.5ll. and   ''ed there were young people over 14
means that the city will pay G 1-8 for [years of age, while 31  per cent, had
i horse and buggy or an automobile
or the young people. Sixty-one per
lent,   of   the   farmers   attended   some
Always Mined by Union
White Labor
Coast Lumber & Fuel Co., Ltd.
Phone Fair. 2500    Phone High. 226    Phone Fraser 41
the money. Two other bids wen
ccived, one from R. C. Matthew
81.53, and from Terry. Hrigga &
at 82.07.
kind   of   community   event   or   events
during   the  past  year,  chiefly  church
socials or picnics.
Firm life  must  be made more al-
tractive,    lo  do  that,    governments
"The decision of Lord Shaughnessy must  Ui\it. t]lc Bthig out of old-time
to provide through the Department of j settlcincnt methods, help the settler,
Natural   resources   of   thc   Canadian Lnj  jmpr0vc marketing methods    to
Pacific   Railway  farm  homes  for furl,       -      ,
benefit the grower
The Scenic Highway Across the Continent
The Popular Route to the���
Up-to-date Train Service Between Vancouver and the East.
All trains equipped with Standard and Tourist Sleepers.^_	
J MOE, C. P. A., 434 Hastings St., Vancouver. (.
C. MILLARD, D. T. A., Vancouver.      (,
H   W   BRODIE. Gen. Pass. Agent. Vancouver.
General Agency Trar/rtlantic Steamship Lin*
C. E. Jenney, C. A. P. ]g|
Phone:  Sey.  8134
W. G. Connolly, C. P. F. A.
527 Grinville Street
returned   soldiers   is   a   further   pro if
if any were needed, of his willin  n ss
at all times to devote Ins great c icrgy
and ability, and  the  resource    . i the
company, to the solution  of the problems  facing   Canada  as   pari   of  the
Empire."   This statement is made by ,
Mr.  J,   S.   Dennis,   assistant   to   the I
president   of   thc   Canadian      Pacific I
"The extent and magnitude of the I
work of preparing 1,000 farms will be |
realized when il is noted tllat it involves: building 1000 houses, building KKII) barns, constructing 1300
miles of fence, digging 1000 wells,
breaking and cultivating 550,000 acres; the buildings will require aboul
20,000,000 feet of lumber to erect. The
preparation of these farms will email
an expenditure of about $3,500,000.
"One thousand farms will, ol course,
provide for ail extremely small proportion of returned soldiers who will
want to obtain farm houses, and the
Dominion government must adopt
some general policy of providing these
homes. However, the Canadian Pacific Railway has led the way in trying to solve the pressing and trouble- i
some question, and no doubt before
long the Dominion governmeni will
announce its general scheme.
After weeks of pruning and readjusting, nearly every department of
the city sell ice with a view to efficiency and greater economy, tlie City
Council has imw struck the lax rate
for the current year. Thc rate remains the same as last year at 24.44
mills, wilh a rebate of 10 per Cent.,
bringing the net rale down to 22
mills. The expiration of the rebate
period has been fixed as September
All necessary bylaws have been
passed, and the bylaw exempting improvements from taxation has also
been passed.
* * *
Argument before, the Cmirt of Appeal in the Pacific Coast Coal Company's appeal from a decision of Mr.
Justice Clement, which declared invalid and ultra vires a bond issue of
$1,500,000 six per cent, debentures and
ordering that the promoters return
to the treasury of the company alleged
secret profits made ill the sale of
their properties to the company when
it was formed, has been concluded,
and judgment was reserved. The argument has been a long one, and the
decision is being .awaited With considerable interest. The fact that thc
Hon. Dr. II. E. Young received $105,-
(XX) worth of these bunds as a gift
from one of the interested parties, is
adding some political interest to the
case as well.
A  *   *
Thc settlement of our remaining
good agricultural lands after the war
is still chiefly in the stages of discussion. Judging from past experience,
there is much work for thc authorities to do yet in order to make farming attractive here, attractive enough
for  the   settler   to   stick   to   the  job.
Hilliililii   '      IPEIfliMlM^
Northern Securities Limited I
Established 1900
Seymour 1574   m
We will protect you in British   and  American   companies   at
reasonable   rales.     Attend   to  your   insurance   now.     Delays   are
no   iniprow   n
it fair to ask
a man and his family to settle iii N'or-
thern Ontario, for'instance, and tackle,
with little or no capital, the heart-1
breaking task of making a farm out of
good laud covered with bush? Thej
Ontario government's proposal to
make loans to settlers is a move in
the right direction, although late. The
government expects to make arrangements to loan money to settlers so
that it will not cost the settlers more
than 6 per cent, interest for the money they borrow. The information
they have been able to gather is that
$500 will in practically all cases meet
ihe requirements of lhe settlers. "If
$500 per settler proves inadequate, we
will see In it when lhe time comes
lhal Ihe settler will get inure," said
Hun. I',. II. Ferguson, provincial minister uf lands.
The  bridging  nl"  the   price  gap  be- !
tween   the   amount   received   by   tlu
grower and paid by the ultimate con
sinner is another important factor.���
Monetary Times.
-!!,!., i!
Poultry Supplies, Hay, Grain and Feed
PHONES: Fairmont 186���878
Fraser 175 and Collingwood 153
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.
TAKE NOTICE of Hie Intention of Mal.
jcolm. Summers and Ford Limited to .apply
| i" the Registrar of Joint Slock Companies
or iln- change ol the name ol the Company
] i" "Summers ami Ford Limited."
|     Dated .-it  Vancouver, this 8th .lat- of April,**
I A.   P.   I'l'.
R. S. FORI"). Secretary.
Building, Vancouver, II.C.
tift    '���':':  FlS jti\   If Pl.t
TO win thr war with thc decisiveness which will ensure lasting peace, the Empire
will require to put forch its full collective power in tn< n and in money. Ftom
this viewpoint it is our true policy to augment our financial strength by multiplying our
productive exertions and 1 y exercising rigid economy, which reduces to thc min mum
all expenditures upon luxuries and non-essentials. Only in this way shall we be abl<
to make good the loss caused by the withdrawal of so many of our workers from industrial activities, repair the wastage of the war, and find the funds for its continuance. It
cannot be too frequently or too earnestly impressed upon our people that thc heaviest
burdens of the conflict still lie before us, and that industry and thrift arc. for those
who remain ^t-'ho'ifle, supreme patriotic duties upon whose faithful fulfilmuu
our success, and consequently our national safety, may ultimately depend."
SIR THOMAS WHITE, Minister of Finance
The war is now tiirning on a contest of all forces
and resources���men, munitions, food, money. The
call to all is to produce more and more. It may bc
necessary* to work harder. Thc place of those who
enlist must lie taken by those at home, men and
women, old and young. The more we produce thc
more we can save. Produce more on the farms and
in the gardens.    Save more and help to win the war.
In this war-time all labour should be directly productive or should be assisting in production. Make it
as efficient as possible. If your labour is on something
that can be postponed, put it off till after the war and
make your labour tell now. Making war is the first
business of all Canadians. Efficiency in labour is as
important as efficiency in fighting.
Begin at home. The larger portion of salaries
and wages is spent on thc home���food, fuel, light,
clothing. Are any of these things being wasted?
$20.00 a year saved from waste in every home in
Canada will more than pay the interest on a war debt
of $500,000,000.
Arc you spending your money to thc best advantage ? What do you think of extravagance in war
time? Tens of thousands of Canadians are daily
risking their lives for us at home. Is it not our duty
to be careful and economical ? Canadian dollars are
an important part of the war equipment. Make them
tell. Have a War Savings Account. Buy a War
The Fisherman's Train
to JARDINE (on lhe B.C. Electric) <>n Sunday
morning will leave Vancouver hereafter at
6.50 o'clock, NOT 5.50 o'clock
Ko more waiting for connection at Xew Westminster One Hour's extra sleep
Follow the crowd to the Fraser Valley Trou>.
streams, the Nikomekl, Serpentine and Salmon,
or the Vedder, which makes a good week-end
fishing ground. Weekdays, except Friday, the
Jardine train leaves Vancouver at 6.30 a.m.
Phone Seymour
Ticket Agent
Carrall and Hastings
Phone Seymour 9086
every   report   of   a   burglary
brings  home the  necessity  of
keeping papers, jewelry and other valuables in
A  Private Box
in our Vault    Only
$2.50 Per Annum
Inspection respectfully Invited.
K.l.hll.hrd 1893
.V   Rrdnrd Snvin-
N.���   l.r,.������n.
fireproof Co
10-19 Cr
Y. M
(.ruia Sir.
C. A.
i .nrl Kr,
-ri virtu Vault*
Op���  D,v .ml  N
S*-v.  24.' i
Classified Advertising
Phone Highland 137
Grandview Hospital
VANCOUVER     -     B.C.
Medical : Surgical : Maternity
Rates  from $15.00  per  week
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, 4S
Hastings St. E., and 782 Granville
Street, Vancouver, B. C.
wanted to clean and repair at the
factory, 438 RICHARDS STREET.
Jewelry, etc. A quiet, respectable,
reliable place to borrow money.
Old gold bought. Established 1905
Star Loan Co., 812 Hastings West
Stove away.   We handle castings and
repairs  to  fit any stove or  range.���
", FRANKS, 44 Water Street.
What About Precedent?
Some years ago treat}' arrangements were
made between Great llritain, Russia, Japan,
Canada and the United .Stales whereby the
hunting of seals in northern waters was regulated iir a drastie manner.
This arrangement affected an industry in which then-
was a large capital investment by companies and individuals in the form of sealing craft, equipment, etc.
Hritish Columbia interests were concerned in this
matter as Victoria was the headquarters of a Large
sealing fleet.
The principle of compensation for those who were
injured by reason of the new sealing regulations was
admitted and only a year or so ago a commission sat
on this coast which, after a thorough investigation, '
awarded compensation fo the parties who were able
to show financial loss incurred by them on account of
the regulations.
Hearing the facts of the above case in mind,
is is not equally as right and just for the Provincial Legislature to admit thc principle of
compensation where interests are threatened
with loss by thc proposed prohibition referendum? .   ���
As fair minded men, the
electors of British Columbia
are asked to consider this
B. Cs. Land Settlement Problem
Being a Series of Articles from the "Omineca Herald," New Hazelton, B.C., Which In-j
corporates a Bit of History, a Statement of Present Conditions, a Criticism of thej
Illogical, Stupid and Dangerous Policies of the Land Department, and Finally, a
Solution which is Declared to Be Both Practical and Efficient
* *. * * * * * * * * * * * *
. The Bulkley Valley is a typical
example of llritish Columbia's land
settlement problem.    In it are found
all the* various classes of land, titles
anil holding characteristic of any of
llie other large agricultural areas of
the Province. For this reason the
Herald will describe the conditions in
the Bulkley Valley, and use it as a
basis for argument in the proposed
solution of the big problem today
confronting all the citizens of llritish
There is in the Bulkley Valley much
rich and fertile land. Some of it is
heavily timbered, some brush covered
and some in meadow. This is first-
class land. Then there are grazing
lands, bench lauds, and lauds that
might be cleared and converted into
grazing lands. Also there are broken
and useless lands and mountains.
These three classes of lands are all
included in what the government reports are pleased to call the agricultural area of the Bulkley.
A Bit of History
Land alienation in the liulkley began years before the inauguration of
the Grand Trunk Pacific railway, but
the big rush for the rich acres destined to be the beautiful and bountiful homes of future generations, did
not start until the new transcontinental construction was under way.
In those days lands were considered an easy road to opulence and a
welcome opportunity to satisfy the
desires of the flesh pots. Everybody
wanted some, for they saw a multitude of suckers awaiting in the offing.
Long before the railway was completed the liulkley Valley was blan-
eted with private holdings. But the
wild scramble went on. Acres without soil enough to tempt the worms,
and lands so remote from civilization that posterity will wonder how
even the title crept in, were grabbed
by tbe hungry speculator. Still they
lamoured for more. Men who were
wont to prospect the hills for mineral were hired to prospect the dis-
ant valleys for lands. Driving land
stakes was the most active industry in
the  Province.
While the Bulkley Valley has proportionately more settlers than any
of the agricultural districts of the
North, one can name all the ranchers
in a 150-mile district without taxing
his memory.
To return to the liulkley Valley.
The character of thc holdings of the
lands are five-fold. There arc: South
African Veterans' script lands, crown
granted purchased lands, lands held
on agreements of sale, pre-emptions,
and a few odd pieces still in possession of the crown. Let us explain
these with a little more detail.
The Script Lands
The biddings known as the S. A.
Veterans' script land represent one
of the most important features of the
bind problem in this district. They
cover lhe very best of the lands.
'Script entitling the holders lo 160
acres each were handed out in 1908
and following years to the returned
soldiers who, instead of settling upon
tlie lauds, sold them to speculators at
prices ranging from $50 to %3\Vi. The
speculators who purchased these
script pooled their documents and
sent locators into die Valley which in
those days (1902-5) was most inaccessible. Altogether some 42,000
acres were taken up in that way, and
being the first in these script holders
naturally took the choice lands.
Purchased Lands
The early arrivals did not stake
their lands in squares. They blocked
out their acreage to include all the
natural meadows and the good land
requiring the least clearing. Some
of these irregularly shaped properties
have so many corners that a diagram
of them looks like a bit of futurist art.
From 1907 to 1911 were the harvest
days of the land grabbing syndicates.
Financiers sent in cruisers and stak-
crs with pockets full of dummy names
to pick up all the land available. These
cruisers were, or soon became, expert
in the work. There was a ready market for land among the speculators,
and locators could quickly turn any
land they secured at a profit of 25c
to $1 per acre. Lands taken up by
purchase were usually surveyed from
six mouths to a year after being
staked. Any fractions or odd sections
missed in the first staking were shown
up on the survey and these were
promptly staked by the first to discover them. To suggest that the land
stakcrs overlooked any good land  in
the district would lie to question lhe
ability of these men who made il their
business not to overlook any acreage
tllat tlie most elastic conscience could
call agricultural lands.
Of those wlio purchased lauds, some
paid up and got crown grants and
others made bul part payment, hoping
to dispose of the lands before future
payments came due.
Within the past few weeks several
families have left this district to take
up farms on the prairies because they
could not get land here.
The largest stakings, being financed
by men with ready money, got the
pick of the lands after the scripts
were located, and these were mostly
paid for in full. Those who jumped
into the game during the big excitement and only paid down 50c an acre
on the lands they secured, were simply
gambling and were not always particular about the quality of the land
they grabbed. The result is they hold
a lot of land today that is not really
arable but what government statistics
class as agricultural lands.
One may question why these speculators continue to hold this land if it
is no good. The answer is easy. Probably ninety per cent of the speculators have never seen the land. It
was staked by locators who were getting a rake-off on every acre. Their
object was to get quantity, not quality. Hut even where the speculator
has seen thc land and knows part of
it is useless, if he is not meeting his
payments and taxes it is costing nothing to hold it.
The Herald has seen many prospec-
with cattle. These are lhe exception.
Generally conditions in  the  Bulkley,
while infinitely belter than i" lhe other new districts, are far from being
tolerable. The idle land holdings are
ill blocks from one to five miles
square all through the valley. The
pre-emptors have" the odd pieces between. They have no schools, no
churches and iu many instances no
Actual  Acreage  Unknown
The agricultural area of this valley,
which is today tin" most easy of access, and has the most settlers, is
entirely unknown. Government reports, which iu this country are treated with contempt, will probably tell
you that in an area 150 miles along
the liulkley Valley there arc 150,000
acres of surveyed agricultural lands
open for the settler. One is expected
to believe from that statement that
this land is in the possession of the
government and that the laud is agricultural land. Nothing is farther
from tlic truth. There may be 150,-
(XX) acres of laud surveyed but the
only part of it in the possession of
the government are some mountain
tops and abandoned pre-emptions.
Thc only land open for settlement is
land held under private ownership at
prohibitive prices, and surrounded by
conditions no real farmer would accept if he got the land gratis. Neither
thc government nor any living being
has any trustworthy knowledge of the
acreage of lands actually fitted for agriculture. Government reports are
made from surveys which do not give
this information,    There are included
Miss Mollie Lee, the charming
dancer, who appeared with her clever
pupils in the Shakespeare Masque.
Miss l.ee's dancing was exquisite.
Lands Are Idle
Tlie government statistics state
there are about 800,000 acres of surveyed agricultural lauds between
Prince Kupert and Prince George, a-
vailable lor settelment, but a truer
idea oi' conditions may be had from
llie lad that there are less than 4000
acres in that district that have been
broken by the plow.
Here is the land situation ill a paragraph. Absorb it and remember that
any remedy applied must cure all the
grievances to bc a success:
Tliere are no statistics available to
show the acreage of the real agricultural lands in the accessible districts
of ll. C. Settlers are few and scattered, living under very primitive conditions. The land now under cultivation is insignificant���less than 4(X)0
acres in an area where the govern-
iient advertises 800,000 are available.
I'lie government lias no arable land
u accessible*'districts. The bulk of
he good land is held under crown
.rant. The land held under agreement? of sale, which the government
low proposes to take back, includes a
large percentage of rough lands, se-
oiid class lands and lands that will
:ost hundreds of dollars an acre to
When the speculator selects
his portion for the payments and survey he has made, thc arable pieces of
these lands will he gone. The government would have no land fit for settlement:
Next   week  The   Herald  will  show
wherein   tlie  government    policy    is
'---i-;,,��� in the essentials for land -
tlenient and  will   present  a  practical
tive settlers come into this district
looking for land and have to go away
disappointed. Some have been here
this spring.
A Craze for Land
An idea of the enormity of this land
purchase craze may be gleaned from
the 1910 fyles of the Herald when applications to purchase no less than
half a million acres were advertised
in a single issue of this paper.
The Pre-emptor
The holdings of the pre-emptor represent only a small fraction of the
Bulkley Valley lands. The few wdio
came in ahead of the G. T. P. got
very good lands, the others got second
choice in the scramble with the syndicate land stakers. Many of the pre-
einptors abandoned their holdings before getting a title. Others proved
up on their claims by building a log
shack and doing a little slashing. They
secured their crown grants and then
pulled out of the country, never having had any intention of working the
land. Those pre-emptors who stayed
with their land are today struggling
along in the woods, generally isolated,
without schools and common comforts
and often without necessities.
In the early days of land grabbing
transportation into the district was so
very expensive that it cost a settler
more to come in and look at a piece of
land here than to make the first payment on a farm already cleared and in
a more accessible part of Canada.
Today the Bulkley Valley has probably more settlers and more actual
development than any of the new
portions of the province. There are
a few large ranches made up of purchased land in choice Sections where
there are natural meadows and good
side hill grazing. Those few ranchers
(less than a dozen) made big profits
on supplies during construction days
and are now able to stock the range
in lhe,government figures lands that
arc useless, grazing lands and lands
that might be converted into grazing
lands. The grazing lands are mostly
benches and side hills growing wild
hay and pea-vine. They lire valuable
for stoek raising lint only where a
rancher has sufficient bottom land to
raise his feed and winter his slock.
Our stall-fed legislators with their
petulant appetites may some times
long for a piece of mother's pie, but
they cannot conceive of the settler
who perhaps craves for six months or
a year for a bite of cheese or a pound
of walnuts. When one can order a
planked steak or a lobster Newburg
at any hour of the day or night he has
no kindred feeling with the man who
has to get his fresh meat with a gun
or a snare. Rabbit mulligan makes a
tasty shanty picnic but as a daily diet
it soon breeds hairs in the soup.
The only statistics that have any
degree of accuracy or which contain
any real information are the 42,000
acres of soldier lands. These were
all recorded when pickings were good.
It is reasonable lo assume that the
Whole 42,(XK) acres arc good productive lands. Land cruisers who know
the district say they arc the very best
lands in the Valley. The lands held
under purchase include both first and
second class lands.
While declining! to estimate the acreage of real agril.iltural lands a well
known cruiser plai ,-s the holdings of
these lands under' this classification:
Script and crown granted under
purchase 45 p.e.
Held under Application to Purchase    I..40 p.c.
Pre-emptions  1.10 p.c.
Unalienated, in isolated piece?v .5 p.c.
This estimate applies to t'   -le hole
district   rather   than   lo   tli' D* J-D
Valley alone.
Pantages Theatre
What is expected to be one of the
greatest trained animal acts will bc at
Pantages next week.
The act comprises two of America's
finest diving girls and five trained
sea lions. These animals show great
training and the Intelligence of human beings.
The Six Sereiiaders, a group of talented singers and dancers, share the
top notch  place on the bill.
The show is supported with four
other standard acts, who help to make
this lhe popular show house of Vancouver.    See  the "Iron  Claw,"
Sou take a little spot
Where there isn't any shade
Then you lake a little notion
And you lake a little spade:
Vou lake a little seed,
And you place il  in lhe ground;
Then you buy your garden truck
When the man comes round.
Little Miss Mangohl and Miss
Jardine, the sweet little pupils of
Madame Bellates - Harbcs. These
lovely little dancers won all hearts
in the Shakespearean Masque. SATURDAY, APRIL 29, 1916
The jester describes tho -   <cppclii
raids as "the height ol folly."
* * *
Shortage    i  paper  is  now   universally feared     Well, we ofte    warned
Woodrow nol to be so careless  ni
When       I     had   our   household   i'l
charge for a month or more all went I
smoothly  until   the  gas   bill   arrived
and, to my horror, I found lhat it was  well
fifty cents more  than  usual.    As  our'
Tiny    are     ia|l ing  oi'  ta  ing   the
in 11 -i- al  show!  in  Britain.    t\ I j   not
derive revenue from ihe ret  -
* * ���
Wc  note  in   the  marriage
wi ess sen k'cablencss asserts itself
I in the one-piece gown of taffeta, faille
or gros de hmdies, which we will -ccj^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H
more oi" i��� gray of light tones, Kus-I'!"* """":,K '" :l ,h:11' "���'""������'i ri,U<
'.l.ian green, rose and violet shades, as ��� ""'' "''"' '       '""' ,honW reaH"
as in navy and black as in other tha< >hc '" V'U""-' ' H'a""''
 _^^^^^   seasons.
finances were decidedly limited I cud-'! Charlie Chaplin is to get $670,000.a
reeled my brains to solve  this ����cx- ���TH SELD0M T       g     year for movie acting We w
"I   iT,i        , i     ,     ,   ,'   ,      '    SEEM"
I   had   heard   a   lot   about   tireless
cookers   but    bad     somehow    never      Tllis is proved again by the appar-
^ihongbi them very practical.    I  now ""b   fragile  Georgette crepe,  which
���^jtermined to try one. 1 could not -��� stl" llu" """**- poptflar of all mate-
afford to buy it, so 1 interested the riala *"r dressy blouses, and which
grocer and he furnished me an old takes ;l tubbing like linen, coming
egg crate and some marsh hay sucli|fr��m the in,,, exquisitely fresh and
as bananas are packed in. I nailed renewed. Handkerchief linen follows |
up thc crate, painted it, liner! it x\ i111 |''s  'ead> '"  wn��te' delicate  flesh, sky
-In i* ��� i
.in-! vhal he thinks of the public tha
. pavs him so well for being so foolish
It -lands to the credit of Undley M
Gai   - n. who i|iiii being Secretary o
War, that he isn't writing or makin;
speeches   or  lecturing  about   himsel
and his \ iews.
asbestos, and stuffed it as  tightly as blue, "'ac and gold, and in really char
X could with hay, leaving one hole on "ling stripes, plaids and dots on plain!        '
each side.    I  lined the holes with as- grounds.     More   sheer   and   quite.   as|��'H'l:
bestos;   one  just  fitted  a   four-quart substantial is the new pineapple cloth,
Add "Horrors of War"'-a soldtc
dies is about to write a grand
pail and the other a two-quart pail
that 1 happened to have. These holes
1 covered with little pillows made
out of some old gingham.
I could not bake or brown anything,
but I found that when it came to cooking stews, vegetables and cereals my
cooking was what my* Utile brother i
would unhesitatingly call a "roaring
But the final test came v ith the arrival of the next gas bill, loi there
was almost a dollar less to be paid; out
of the household I easury.
which is such'a transparent reminder j       N railway president states that In
i' lhe organdie ol" oilier summers.       |dreads reporters more than bayonets
lie may not have meant it that way
bul he paid a real tribute to publicity
Ceremony of Planting Tree in Stanley Park, Vancouver, to mark Tercentenary of Shakespeare
I      "SO, hoys, you want me to tell you
'more  about   Xigger?"  said   Grandma
day  when  wee Jimmic and  Jack
were clamoring for in-ire stories.
"Very well then, if you sit down on
that    lop   step   ami   don't   make   any
noise for a while I will tell you how
I Xigger   gave   mother   and    1    a   bad
i     "You will remember how fond Xig-
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^   I gel" w-as of tryiii'j- to do things he saw
To clean a felt or panama hal. take  we  human beings doing,    'ibis  habit
a teacupful of flour and add enough 0f his got him into trouble very often,
gasoline lo make a paste.    Rub this;    "Father had  to go to town  some-
women  is  that men  always  celebrate
their l:ir:hd,-iys.
ivs    that  city I    Some felhiws think lhat thc.v'n n '
men  oi the  world unless  they  know
tie bartenders by their firsl names.
A woman i';m always wi.- an argu-
Medical specialist (ells us lhat there j1''0"* with her husband by producing
is no normal woman.    We doubt a!so|a blmdle o{.his olcl '?vc letters'
Remorse is something tliat we know
liould feel when they do I
j     Boston     preach!	
wains a revival.    Imagine Boston tak
ing a course in modern slang.
Soldiering   is   a
oy's   job.     ""
ian -J   ]���
Here   art-   hoys   in   thi
*.> today who should be a thome
arc referring t<- tlu; juveniles o
i they may he ready for any i
ley.    Mm should we take anj
| hy   sending   them   across   tl
to   :ome  face  to  face  possibly  with
enemies  who  have reached  manhood
it ui
whether   there   is  a   normal   medical
specialist. i""***1* folk!
on the hat wilh a brush and h-t stand
times and quite often it would be late
until dry, then brush off with a stiff [before be returned. Mother was always very nervous when tllis happened, for fear of some accident happen-
* * *
A fine grater is better than a knife
for removing lhe surface of cake or
bread  that is  burned.
ing,  as  travelling  wasn t  so  easy   m
those nays as it is now.
I  remember one night mother and
I    were   waiting   for   father   lo   come
.'-      ':
The  tendency  this  spring,
dcrstand, is to show less of t!
ions and more i'l" the women.
fifteen,   sixteen   and   seventeei
i.   who,
The   a
.*   should
somehow or other have got i
lltO   the |
called ..i
i '-r allow ei
1 to face
.1 i s,
ranks.     Their   spirit   is   not   i
��� pen    t 1,
at this s
criticism:  ihey  have  the  fire
of   iruel
ri'      'Mil'      '
their  lu
e   tin-1
We know one man who is waiting
to .-wat (lie first fly. We know another who listened for ihe first robin.
There'- the difference between optimist and pessimist.
*    * *
This year is full of surprises. Louisville has passed a bylaw forbidding
civic   employees   to   drink   while   on
The  man   who  has  never  made  an,.   , ^^_^__
. . i humane  or  ius(  even   to  threat
enemy has probablv verv little ot anv-[       . .    . .    ,
- * '   ; send   a   growing   stripling  <��i   si
i! ir j elv to his credit.
N'cxt July we will look back and
sigh for ihis old-fashioned winter that
i-; l:'ling ''tit.
If yon want io lose a certain type I
friend, try to do him a favor.
ists,  but  is  it, Pctent  officer
* + *
Spread thc stained part over a bowl j house
home, when all of a sudden we heard  <llll-v-
ia   terrible  noise  at  the  hack  of  the
|i*vas sure some tramps  had |     Um*le   Sal"   oh>"ts   '"   J"1'"   Bul1
of boiling water and  rub it  wilh saitlbroken in the house, and we were both  t0 lJJ10w )v
wet with lemon-juice, then place it in  too frightened to go and see what it|r)**<J1"8 '"s
the sun.    Repeat the process until the i really 'was.
stain becomes light yellow, then wash "Jr..-,! then wc heard father's wag-
Ihe cloth in weak ammonia water and gon coming up the lane and my good-
afterwards in clear water. [ness but we were glad to see him.
"bather look  the lantern and went
out to see what was wrong.   I am sure
you never would guess who had made
that   noise.     Xigger   had   broken   out
of   his   pasture  and   had  come   up   to
the latch of the back shed and stepped
inside.     Ile   had   knocked   down   the
the house to explore.    He had raised
* * *
One cupful brown sugar, one cupful  molasses,  one and  one-half  cupfuls of shortening, four eggs, two tablespoonfuls of ginger, two  teaspoon-j
fills  of baking soda,  one  cupful  sour
ilk, flour to make stiff dough.
,,1,1  boiler and a big pile of milk tins, and
thejl had run away out just as far as
he could get from the shed, and do you
Warm sugar and molasses
shortening, then eggs well beaten.',
and ginger. Stir soda into milk, and
mix with above. Beat well. Add
flour until batter can bc rolled and cut
with cookie-cutter. Bake in quick
oven. -   |
>m   RENNIE Co., Limited
18 I10MI.R ST.    -   -    VANCOUVKR
know, he  never went near that shed
"Poor Xigger, his love for mischief
ruined him at last, lie tried to chop
wood by taking the axe in his mouth
and gave his leg a had cut. It took a
long time to heal and ruined his beauty, but wc children always loved him
and father gave him to my sister and
I to drive, for he was always so gentle and no one was ever nervous, no
matter where wc drove Nigger, for
they knew he would take care of us.
lo know what's in all those notes no
mail, lint John is curious
loubt,     ^^^^^^^^^^^^
New York says crime is on the decrease. They would naturally notice
such a condition of affairs in Gotham.
^_^_       rowr       ^^^^^^^^^^
to.fight, when there are -still able-1
ied young  men  t"  spare:    Britair
h d going to permit boys to  fight
long   as   there   are   aide-bodied   men p' -'>* arc t
left.    Then  why put  t
enormous  expense ol  uniforming
- :
1 ana
tate to the   it   '"
'j thai
I keeping mere lads  who,  in  the evenl
Naturally j nf  the   worst,  would  be  the  last   re
fill-   Editor's   Purse"   is   tiie   title  source of our nation and  Empire.
i   new
uel.     Nothing   in   it.   of I     I.et us  train  our boys,  if the
eminent thinks it  wise, in  order tllat
in ina
This matter
lias been dlSCU
is time such an impnr
was discussed in pub]
'!'��� burre.
Under thc auspices and patronage of the Shakespeare Tercentenary
Celebration Committee and the   University  Woman's   Club
(H. N. Shaw, B. A.)
PRICES���     ^^^^^^
Saturday Matinee, 25c. Evcni-jJfs ?5c, 50c, 75c.
The New Version
(N'o apologies to Tennyson)
Sunset and evening star,
For booze trade draweth nigh���
And  there  will  be  much   moaning
at the bar
If 11. I', goes dry.
* * *
Schoolboy  Howlers
A lew answers from examination
"The aborigines are the people who
live on the other side of the earth."
"King Arthur's companions were
lhe Arabian Knights."
"The Jacobites were a tribe of
Israel descended from Jacob."
"A Vestal Virgin is a young girl
who goes into church and doesn't
come out again. She is so called because she attends to the lamps in
the vestry."
"Harpies were famous Creek harp-
players.    Orpheus  was  the  chief  of
* * *
Works Two Ways
A lecturer has been saying that tliere
would he fewer affinities if wives
would "spruce Up." He might be informed that there would be more
chance for the wives to "spruce up"
if there were fewer affinities.
* * *
Across the line preparedness is the
big theme. It now seems that a Boston army man four years ago sent
in a requisition for underwear. He
just got the suits last week. They are
summer weight. He is now prepared
for the bathing season, anyway. Great
is Uncle Sam.
* * *
Philadelphia has long suffered the
finger of scorn to be pointed at it as
a slow and poky city. But never no
more! Over there they have just broken up the Y.M.C.A. poker game and
expelled the members. And now a
social leader attacks the Bal Masque.
��� tie chief society event of tlie city, for
i     "nakedness."    Something doing all
tl   lime in Philly.
* * *
Terse Truths
Tf       i get into a rut, drop out or
climb     '. but get out somehow
The       'erein'c   between   men   and
A Saturday Sale  of
Men's Suits
���Fashioned of smooth finished tweeds and worsteds in smart, up-to-date, yel
serviceable colors���tailored in becoming and up-to-the-minute styles. Sizes vlto 44, and a perfect fit guaranteed.   Special    $12.50
Values  up   to  $15.00  here on
Saturday  for
���the season's latest models, showing the popular knife-pleated
yoke, norfolk and double breasted college styles, with full
bloomer knickers. Thc materials are hard wearing, serviceable fabrics in a large assortment of shades and colorings���
and finest tailoring. Sizes to fit boys of 6 to 18 years. Actual
values to $15.    Special for ,$��95
(for fiudsons Bay (Tompany
HEMERTI .gUBtlKi- STOWS COHHISSIWt* %kt Jftsratarfc
-Top Class --bottom Prices
$15 - $18 - $20 - $25 - $30 - $35
What's YOUR'S���at each
that price
than a lot you've looked at
irice they're GOOD���for
as can be found���perhaps better
Two Money - Back Stores
Full of Spring Wearables for Men
33  and  47   HASTINGS   EAST
the strenuous jet futile
' being made by the liquor
s organization 6f Vancouver in
g to convince the public tint the
r traffic is a productive industry
is  a  benefit  to  society  from  an
economical standpoint, tlie following
paragraphs from an editorial on "The
"Never touched by human hands"
Butter Milk
N.ow that summer is
��� uisiderable   demand   is
'or   good   buttermilk,
living   food   has   been
being   made
Tllis bealth-
��� I
popular   during   the   last   i
years   and   thousands   of
people use it daily.
We churn Buttermilk at
tary Dairy daily and can supply our
customers with genuine Buttermilk
made properly from fully ripened
W'e d" nol make our Buttermilk
from skim milk or resort to any artificial methods���we believe the old,
style Buttermilk far superior to all
Try a bottle of Sou-Van Butter-j
milk���a healthful, satisfying, nourishing fond for adults and children,
delivered daily in sterilized bottles
in South Vancouver, Mount Pleasant
and Grandview.
I'hoiie.yoiir order to Fair. 2624, or
ask our driver���-he'll supply you.
South Vancouver
Milk Co.
���   Phone Seymour 3406
5 Water Lions 5
2   DIVING    GIRLS    2
In   Immense   Diving   Spectacle
Three times daily, 2.4S, 7.15, 9.15
Matinee, 15c; Night, 15c & 25c
Xow that education in Manitoba is
n the upgrade, under a progressive,
efficient Minister of Education, there
is more interest and  encouragement
in noting development in neighboring
provinces  and   states.    Tbe   agricultural director in high school work in
North   Dakota   suggests   lhal   "in   a
. immunity depending upon llie agri-
lltural       industry,     primarily,     lhe
irsc        study  should  begin   in   the
rural school and likewise iu the
grades, .Although one cannot expect
(heir rural teacher to have an es-
tended training in agriculture, Ihey
should, however, bc familiar with a |
few underlying facts of the industry
before they graduate from normal
".Minnesota and Wisconsin is solving this problem very successfully, by
allowing a teacher with special training to visit tlie rural and consolidated
schools in return for an assessment in
school taxes, usually an additional
mill, made payable by the patrons of
the district. Tlie special teacher is
usually one of the teachers of the
agricultural course in high school,
who gives one day a week to each rural school, devoting it to farm clubs,
farm project work and experimental
The idea of having special teachers
with agricultural training taking part
in the educational work in the general schools might be greatly appreciated by 'many teachers who today
conform 'to the rules regarding agricultural teaching in a spirit far more
perfunctory than practical.���Winnipeg
New Tactics
Henry Ford is now attacking the
war by means of the advertising columns. Which is eminently more satisfactory I" the I". S. papers (ban
sending dove-ship- of peace on wild-
goose chases.
Economics of Prohibition" in a le-
i.eent number of "Canadian Finance,"
one of the leading financial journals
published in the Dominion, is of especial interest.        A. G. HARVEY.
"A question lhat many are looking
at from a new angle in days of war
is that of the liquor traffic. Even
those who heretofore have held out
for non-interference with what the
individual puts down his own throat,
are asking whether the community
burden of lhe drink habit should not
be sloughed off by the majority's
will. That Great Britain has temporized iu its dealing with so deep-rooted
a problem���despite acute experience
of its drag upon national efficiency in
time of stress���need not necessarily
deter a younger country from more
radical treatment.
"It |
individuals and some lines of trade
will be acutely disturbed by ending
the liquor trade as an organized business. Hut the liqiior interests attempt an impossible-task when they
seek to prove that the net economic
result of banishing their trade would
not be a gain to the community as a
From the viewpoint of national economics tliere are two possible kinds
of manufacturing. The first is where
the joint employment of labor and capital results in commodities which con
tribute in turn directly or indirectly
to further production���whether they
be machinery for factories, partially
worked materials for more finished
products, food and clothiijg for workers, or even luxuries contributing to
the healthful enjoyment of life. (Happiness has a more real place in economies than some of the schoolmen
would have us believe). Tlie second
kind of manufacturing is. where the
I labor and capital together bring forth
that which conduces to waste or actual
"Consider thc economic processes
connected with a distillery or brewery. Is its output from use of grain
and other raw materials better or
worse than ashes���from the whole
public's standpoint? It.is not necessary to lake the extremist's view,
that absolutely no benefit or legitimate enjoyment results from the
drinking of whisky or beer. Hut who
is bold enough to assert that the harm
i wrought in a community docs not
vastly outweigh benefits derived
i therefrom���and does not overbalance
also the trade contributions of the
manufacturing and distributing processes? Especially when it is considered that���after some temporary business dislocation ��� the capital and
labor used could be turned ultimately
to more productive service.
"Even grant, for sake of argument,
that in the year of readjustment immediately following the stopping of
a community's liquor traffic, direct
losses to business channels would bc
greater than the twelve months' ordinary waste due to the trade's continuance. Does that give economic justification to the plea of leaving well
enough Cor bad enough) alone? To
use a homely illustration, does a sane
man   allow   himself  to   continue   suf
fering from chronic toothache ratliei
than risk a few brief moments pi
more acute pain from the dent'st'i
corrective   operations?
Prohibition will not ill practice absolutely prohibit. Provincial prohibition cannot in the nature of things
hope to abolish all use of alcoholic
drink. Hut if ils enactment will even
cut in half lhe drink bill of a province, it is hard to deny its justification on  economic grounds."
ingtons, Black Minorcaa- $1 par setting. .1. Proud, si4 Twenty-eighth |
avenue  east.    Phone Fair. (13.11,.
Games; eggs .*.*; per setting , W.
Stonehouse, licensed judge. 110 Duf-
ferin   street   west.
The notion that a relationship exists between poorly-cooked viands
and domestic infelicity has been
fairly well established as having
a foundation in fact. The idea lends
itself to proof. Poorly cooked foods
arc not readily digested. They set
up fermentation and yield poisons
which cause brain irritation. Brain
irritation and crankiness arc first cousins, Hence, the husband who is improperly nourished is inclined to be
highly irritable. Irritability and domestic infelicity go hand in hand.
Moral: Thc wife who would preserve
the angelic disposition which inani-
not to be denied that many | tested itself in her king and lord during courtship, should exercise every
precaution against improperly prepared foods on the family table.
It has remained for a Chicago culinary expert and observer of human
nature to elaborate on this theory.
She sees in thc ordinary variety of
doughnut a grcat stimulus to crime.
Since so many poor men have doughnuts and coffee as a regular diet, the
menace of the doughnut assumes ser-
iotiit proportions should it bc cooked
in a manner such as to render it indigestible. Indigestion, she assumes,
causes morbidity and] low spirits
which, when there is no luckless wife
to cajole, may lake the form of crime.
Hence, she urges that particular care
be exercised in preparing the lowly
doughnut. The lordinary doughnut'
manufacturer is charging with adding
the ingredient of sugar in granulated
form. It does not melt until dipped
into hot fat and then the tiny holes
left vacant by the sugar are filled ill
by fat. Doughnuts made in this wise
may be considered wholesome, and
that is the interior section represented by the hole.
To offset this offense wc arc advised to dissolve the sugar thoroughly. One cup of sugar should be reduced in a cup of sweet milk, to which
should be added the beaten yolks of
three eggs, together with salt and
nutmeg sufficient for flavoring the
mixture. After this the ordinary processes may be followed out and a
doughnut produced which will tickle
thc palate, stimulate the digestion and
soothe thc soul. Happiness, success
and a keener relish of life are said
to be hidden in this nourishing recipe. It is not altogether improbable
that if wc would direct less attention
to sociological investigations in seeking to solve problems of crime and
distress and pay more attention to thc
culinary aspects of mortal distemper,
a more substantial progress might bc
made.���Toronto Mail and Empire.
Orpingtons, $��,00 per setting. Hurled Books, While Wyandottes, White
Leghorns, $1.00 per IS. Stock for
sale. Incubator; Airedale pup.
Ci-uwther, 1171 Twenty-fourth avo-
nue east, Vancouver.
friends at Harry Stevens, 010 Granville  street.
Bantams, Black, Buff, White Cochin
and Gulden Seabright Bantams
Stock for sale.. 30 15th Ave., easl.
JT.  (I. Poole. '
"Plttsbnrg     Perfect-'     Else- :-all
Welded Fencing,    Write us l .,* e.v
alugue ami prices.    A. 1. Johnson a
Co., 844 Cambie St., Vancouver.
cheap. 1138 Twenty-second iivenm
east.    I'liniie Fairmont 2574L.
various  breeds,  Soli   Umner street.
Cyphers strain, S. C, White Leghorns, splendid layers; utility stuck,
1)11.00 per setting.' Cod Twenty-fifth
avenue   enst.    I'hone  Fair. MIX.
bain building or barn equipment 6e>'
Louden'a goods at 43 Pender wesl
heavy horses of nil kinds for sal<-
cheap.     Harness and   wagons,   bug
. , gies nt reasonable prices. W. J
der���We specialize in chicken feed,
egg producer nnd disinfectants. Got
our prices.    Phone Sey.  3563.
horns, $1.50 per setting; fertility
guaranteed. White Leghorn eggs,
pen No. 2, 75c. Forsythe & Sparks,
Selkirk street, between 64-65,
Eburne.    Take Oak St. car.
ported from England; prize winners;
46 White Leghorns, all pullets, two
cockerels; 2!)0 egg strain guaranteed. Eggs for hutching. Orpingtons, $2.00 per setting; Leghorns,
$1.75 per setting. B. Kelly, 2621
Chesterfield avenue, North Vancouver 600.
sale iii ear or ton lots, See me be
tun- buylrtg. Western Feed Store
oio Mala St.
and heavy horses, single and doubh
harness of nil kinds. Horse or cov
feed, 40e per sack. Good hay, $1'
per tmi. E. Atkinson, 825, real
Hastings street east.
site Cemetery, Bodwell road. Satur
days and Sundays. Miss. Leigh Spen
ier. Phone your orders, Fairmon
and gnrdi'n necessities from Browi-
Bros., -Is Hustings street enst,
mouth    and    Leghorn    cross,   White j
Orpington  nnd Leghorn, 75c per set- I
ting.   212 Tweiitythird west, X. Vancouver.
Golden Wynnduttes and Light, Brail-
mas, $1.00 per setting; Dark Cornish
Game, $2.00 per setting. Mrs. Ling,
2325 Quebec street, Phone Fair.
, Buckl��y   Valley
160 acres, s, E. I ; dee. :
bargain.    Terms.    Bi
\I Globe.
Beattie  Street
property, between Robson  and  Geor
gia; terms reasonable. Box A2 Globi
strain,  $2.00 per  setting; prize   win-|
ners.      Regal   strain   White    Wynn
dottes,  eggs,   $1.50   per   setting.     J
M.    Whv
te,   .Lynn   Valley.     Phone
Standard Printers
(Formerly Chinook)
We specialize on
Legal Work,
Pamphlets, Programmes,
Annual Reports, Church
and Society Statements,
Municipal Work-
tra's strain, 100 egg strain, hntching
eggs, $1.50 per setting. Honlden,
Lynn Valley.    Phone 530R1.
Price & Dorrell
poultry; pigeons, pet stoek, eggs for
hatching, bnby chicks, new laid egg-.
City Market, Vancouver! Phone Fair.
Seymour Street
FOB   SALE,   BARGAIN��� NEAR   100'
block';  25 ft. improved)  make offei
Box A3 Globe.
bungalow; beautifully laid out gai
ileii; modern, Ilouhlcii, Lvnn Val
ley.    Phone S80BL
ash.,   I*.  S. A.,   in largo or  small
lets.    Fur side cheap.    Address P.
Box 1244.
Beaconsfield Poultry Farm
following breeds bred for eggs nnd
standard requirements���White Leghorns, White Wyandottes, White Orpingtons, Buff Orpingtons, Hlaok
Minoreas, Pekin and Runner ducks,
$1.50 per 15; $10 per 100. J. Price,
Beaconsfield, B. C.
acre on Tram, line. Price, $1,201".
C.  Gray,  480 Robson St, ^H
Blue Andnlusians, Partridge Wyandottes, Rhode Island Reds, $1.50.
Stanley Dorrell, 1771 Vannoss street,
Cednr Cottage.
Seymour 470
426 Homer Street
The Hint
"Sing  me  your  favorite  song,"  said
the  slacker.
Just   then   a   bugle   sounded   in   the
And the young girl began to sing,. "I
Hear You Calling Me."
Then he went out and enlisted.
+ * *
Too Late
Illinois University faculty went to
see Pavlowa dance and Ihen forbade
a performance for the students. Stingy! Of course they had to go to see
the dancer, though, before they could
decide whether her dancing was fit
for Ihc student body. It's great to
be a professor���and a censor.
* * *
'Tis better to have loved and lost
Thau never to have loved at all���
'Tis better to be wed���and bossed���
Than never to have had a bawl.
* * *
A Toronto alderman seeks to have
red lights placed on all the city hydrants. And with this prohibition
and moral reform wave on, too?
* * *
Germany  has  suppressed  a  paper
called  The  Future.    What  Germany
needs to do���but cannot���is to suppress her black past.
* * *
The Natural Thing to Do
"The  spectacle of  England  is  en-
tors andhronders. Send for catalogue and prices. O'Loane, Kielv
& Co., Ltd., 37-13 Alexander street,
Vancouver.   Phone Sey, 2841.
norduck eggs from prize birds; $1
por dozen. S. Ransom, Fern road,
Jubilee stntion, B. C.
Lodging or rooming house; central
location; furnished; must bo up-to
date. Tlirall-Australinn Rooms, 77'!
Seymour strcot.
mn Hitel), 1152 Seaton street. Nid
comfortable rooms; steam heated
breakfast if required; terms ver>
moderate,    Plione Sey. 88520.
modem, seven rooms, 1341 Stephen;
street; cost $5,800; no reasonabh
offer refused,   G, B., this office.
couver- -Highesl   prices
cal   new laid eggs.
for   lo-
chicks ��� Barred Rocks, Rhode island
Reds, Black Minoreas, White Leg-
horns; Utility nnd exhibition. .'I'l"
Dufferin  street  enst.
("hone Sey. 2000. Wm. Wntt, Prop,
[riots seeded, 5050 Frnser tsro'et.
Phone Frnsor 173L1,
tors, cockerels, pullets, rabbits, pigeons. Pioneer Ponltrv Market,
2208 Granville.   Fair. 11)08.
worth & Stuart, taken over hy Bertram Marble and Granite Works nt
a fraction of its cost. Stock wil!
go at snap prices while it lusts.
Cor. Frnser and Thirty-fourth ave
niie. Fairmont 011 or Highland
booking orders now���Bnby chicks,
hatching eggs, Harron strain, Leghorns, Barred Rocks. Black Minoreas, Peking ducks; highest class utility stock. Corner Kingsway and
A'ictorin, South  Vancouver.
From pure breed Black Minorca
chickens; $1.25 per setting; from
prize stock; inspection invited. Ed
Morris, 1362 Howe street. Phone
Sey.  4536.
left-over suits for sale at prices fro*
$4 nnd up.    325 Columbia avenue.
of old London crumpets; muffins and
crumpets fresh daily. 516 Smythe
ough to make a brainless idiot laugh,"^A.oENT F( R GEO. BONEY CAPON
says a. Germanjiaper
And then it has a goo.d'giggle
You may lie to a woman and she'll
believe you if you confine your.<re-
marks to praise of her youth and
Comb AVhito and Brown Leghorns,
$1 per sotting. Black Orpington, $2
per setting. "F. Newton, 1013 Davie
street.    Phone Sey. 3700.
ing; good location.   1637 Willi?***, f
family; rensonable; good homo. 153V
William, street.
hatching. $1.25 per setting; laying
strain. 1 L?3 Fifty-third avenue east,
South  Ba  couver.    A.  Anthony.
izing ins runicnts. Cnpflnizing done
by nppi nt.ment. W. C. Jenkins,
570 64th ave. oast.
dalusians. Eggs nr hatching from
prize winning stoekj $1.50 per setting and up. T. pomorville, 2125
Princess St., off Eaiis Road, Britcoia
P.  O. 1
three days   a   week.     Mrs.   McFar
lnne,  2036 Triumph street.
terms, 80 acres, Langley, quarter
cleared; possession immediately J
366 Nineteenth Ave. West.


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