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The Standard May 26, 1917

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THIS   COPY   <>l:
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VANCOUVER���Home  Schedule
In Northwestern  League for  1917   |
I Tacoma. July 11,  IJ.  13.  11
Beattle, Jul.,   is,   in.  20, *J1
Ti'ionia.  Aug    S.   H,  10.  11.
Ureal  Valla, Aim.  13,  11.  15.  It. it. 14.
Spokane, Ausr. 20, -i. --. :::;. 81, -"���
Tacoma, AiiLf. V.t,  20,  Sl, Sept    1.
Vol. VI., No. 2���Established 191 I.
Price Five Cents
Wise Choice of Premier Brewster
Will Receive Endorsation of Electors
IX selecting Mr J. W. deB.Farris to fill tin.-vacancy
caused by the resignation from the attorney-
generalship of Mr. M. A. Macdonald. Premier Brewster has once again showed a statesmanlike grasp of
a problem of more than ordinary importance. Realizing full well that these are troublesome times, that
there are many hostile elements at work, openly and
secretly; to undermine the influence of the great
Liberal party in British Columbia, Premier Brewster
lias not hesitated to pul the electorate to the test in
the chief centre of population in the province, in the
one place where the "revelation-," of J. S. Cowper
may be expected to have some influence on the minds
of the voters, if they are to be seriously considered
as worth a grain of sand anywhere in Canada. The
Standard has no doubt that Cowper and his friends
will have their answer in an avalanche of votes for the
government candidates at the coming by-elections,
and that the turncoat Liberals and party mugwumps
will be able'to see themselves iu true perspective so
soon as the votes are counted.
In Mr. Farris the premier has selected a lieutenant
who will bring added lustre to the glorious old parte
of which he has for so long been a brilliant ornament.
Mr. Farris is filled with the fire and enthusiasm of
youth,, and has a long career of usefulness before
him. During the session just closed he has shown
himself a close student of political affairs, and by
his consistent and untiring devotion to duty has
earned the respect of the entire house, Liberals and
Conservatives alike. Without unduly forcing himself
on the attention of the public, Mr. Farris' work during lhe past few months has been such that be naturally became the logical choice of the parly for the
first cabinet position which he could, by virtue of
special training and ability, fill with advantage to the
province of bis adoption.
It would be useless to suppose that the opposition
will permit Mr. Farris to be returned as Attorney-
general without opposition. Though our friends the
enemy must recognize the absolute fitness of the
Liberal candidate, it would not be in keeping with the
��� traditions of the class party of Canada to overlook
any possible chance to slip one more supporter into
the house. That there is not the remotest hope of
success is no deterrent to Messrs. Bowser et al. Xo
iiog ever got to the trough without shoving.
The special interests and vested rights of the country may also be expected to make another attempt to
bring about the defeat of the Liberal candidate. The
secret agents of the P. G. E., and tbe Maehiavelian
machinations of the C. N. R. may once again attempt
to wreck the cause of good government. Imt the eyes
of the voters have been opened, and red herrings will
this time be tossed without delay into the political
garbage can.
The attitude of the daily newspapers of Vancouver is a foregone conclusion. The News-Advertiser,
as in duty bound, will openly oppose Mr. Farris and
strongly support whoever may be the Bowserian candidate. The Province will sit serenly on the fence and
emulate Bunyan's Mr. Facing-Both-Ways, saying
���nothing daily in labored phrases and pleasing platitudes. The World, as befits the creature of the
Pacific Dredging Company, will shoot a stream of
mud at the government and its candidate. From the
Sun we may expect secret opposition and subterranean tactics, and that occasional "damming with faint
praise," which is worse than open attack by hostile
forces. The redeeming feature is that nobody believes in the Sun any.more: "If you see it in the
Sun, it isn't so," is its well-merited motto.
But even with these, and possibly other, influences
at work against him. Mr. Farris will find himself returned to his seat by handsome majority. The voters
of Vancouver could not. in justice to themselves, do
Hon. J. W. deB. Farris
John Wallace deBeque Farris, v.-as
bum at White's Cove. Queen's
County, -New Brunswick, on Deceniber 3, 1878. He is the eldest son ol
Hon. L. P. Farris and grandson of
the late Hon. John Karris. M. I'.
He was educated at file ptiblic schools
of his native place ami vvas graduated
from Acadia University in 1X99 with
high honors in political science. During his college course Mr. Farris was
prominently identified with all the
college activities requiring leadership. Hfc was captain of the Varsity
football team in his senior year and
was a member of thc debating teams
wliich were victorious over the other
universities of the province. Proceeding after graduation to the University uf Pennsylvania. Mr. Farris
tool; the full 'hree years course in
law, graduating one uf the first in
a class of 130.
McBride Divorced From His Fat Job
Because of "Temperamental Incompatibility"
i��i ITH a fine eye to the dramatic possibilities of the
VI/ -ituation, Sir Richard McBride suddenly tender., hi- resignation from the important and highly
lucrative position of agent-general for British Columbia in London. Sir Richard never steps out before
the public unless and until be ha;- arranged for the
glare of the spotlight to hit the exact spot where he
will stand. That's one of bis little ways; bad he not
been broken to be a war horse of politic- be would
have made a dandy three-ring circus manager. To
him publicity was always the spice of life.
The retiring agent-general held back all intimation
of his intention to quit until the bouse was just about
to prorogue, when, of course, il would dwarf all other
incidents, more because of its unexpectedness than of
its importance.
Why Sir Richard has resigned is not made clear.
Of course we all know that the sword of Damocles
bas been banging by a hair over bis head -ince the
memorable fourteenth of September last, but Sir
Richard is hardly the man to quit until he is actually
fired���and not always even then. The talk about his
ill-health may be true, but we sincerely hope it is not.
Anyway, in a case of this kind tbe real reason is
usually obscured by so much piffle about illness that
no one takes stock in it. And it might not be out
of place to remember that mighty iow persons leave
England to come to British Columbia for their
health. The difference in climate isn't worth considering.
Xo. the cause of the agent-general's action requires some better explanation. W'e are willing t o
hazard just one guess, but it's a good one: Sir
Richard McBride quits because England won't have
him. A few months have been enough to convince
him tliat he's a square peg in a round hole, and that
the chance of eventually rounding out to fit the situation are too remote to be considered. Like many
other colonials, Sir Richard McBride failed to realize
that the hearty English welcome tendered a passing
guest would wear off so soon as the charming visitor
showed an inclination to become a permanent roomer.
The ex-premier had too long been master in his own
house to adapt himself to the position of boarder in
his Mother's home. He has not the temperament to
easily adjust himself to accepting what be would consider a subordinate position. All his lit-, he had
been a big toad in a small puddle, and
become one of the many small toad- in
was more than he could stand. Tbe
settled on him when King George said
Knight." could not exist in tbe narrow
(Continued on page ? I
In the labor troubles on Vancouver Island in 1913 Mr. Farris represented tbe trtiuers in the trials in Xanaimo ami Xew Westminster. He
Michigan for the first time' has been for years the solicitor of
the Trades and Labor Council and
has been a careful and systematic
student  of  labor problems.
Mr. Farris was married in 1905 to
Evelyn Fenwick Keirstead. M.A., eldest (laughter of Professor Keirstead,
LL.I).. now of McMaster University. Mr. and Mrs. Farris have three
suns and a  daughter.
Mr. Farris brings to thc position
ui Attorney-general and Minister of
Labor unusual qualifications which
should commend his appointment to
all who have the best interests of
the province at heart.
The date of the by-election lias
been set for June 9. with nomination
Carter-Cotton   in   Richmond. Inn   the  Tuesday preceding.
won tlie Frazier prize for oratory at the University of IVnnysl-
vania and was a member of the debating team which defeated the Uni
in eleven years. Mr. Farris was admitted t" the bar iu bis native province in November, 19112, but seeing
greater possibilities in the rapidly
growing west lie came tn Vancouver
May 1. 1903. Ile was made City
Prosecutor the following year, at
the same time continuing private
practice in die firm of Killam and
Farris. Later the firm became McDonnell. Killam and Farris and in
1912 the present firm uf Farris and
Emerson   was  funned.
In 1907 Mr. Farris was one of the
five candidates in the City nf Vancouver fur the Provincial House aud
again iu l'.iW he ran against the Hon.
i" suddenly
big puddle
lignity that
"Arise. Sir
confines of
Lloyd George's Latest Irish Scheme
Is Real Masterpiece of Genius
Widespread Knowledge of German Language
Excellent Commercial Weapon After thc War '
9 NUMBER of sincere but misguided persons in
this country and in England are advocating
dropping the study of the Germa* language from the
curriculum of the public schools, mainly on so-called
patriotic grounds, but also partly because the spoken
German is a harsh, guttural and unmusical language
that could very well be dropped from the list without
the world at large being the poorer.
These advocates Vf (restricted education forget
that the German officers had an immense advantage
over their enemies in the early days of the war be-
���cause of their knowdedgc of English and French.
The majority of Prussian officers spoke two or
three languages, and almost perfectly. The number
of English officers who could speak either French
or German fluently was negligible, while as for the
French,���well, no one has yet accused Messieurs of
being linguists.
The proficiency of the Germans enabled them to
maintain spies in every quarter, to practice many
ruses de guerre useful to them, and to inform themselves very directly of the enemy's proceedings and
intentions. Yet it was not certainlly from loyalty or
admiration of the English or French that the Germans
studied their language: it was because such knowledge would at some time prove an invaluable asset.
The theory held good in war: it is truer even ini
peace. The German"nation forged ahead, commercially, because her young men were trained to go out I
into the enemy's territory and take the trade away j
from them. Thev did this because they could speak
the language and were familiar with money exchange'
and trade technicalities.
The same tactics will bc continued after the war. I
Irrespective of whal llie peace terms may bc. nf what
trade restrictions may be imposed on Germany, there
will remain somewhere something which Germany
will be able to get on an equal footing with the other
nations of the world, lt then behooves the Allies
to be ready to compete for this trade, by having her
men trained to speak the language, not only of the
country where this industrial development will take
place, but also of their rivals in business.
Thc German tongue will survive the war. A
language is the hardest tiling in the world to kill: it
will survive even for centuries after its usefulness
has ceased, because of its historic association- and
its sentimental attachments.
By no means stop teaching "German" in the
schools. And. if al all possible, teach French and
Spanish as well. The trade of South America has
for many years been largely in German bauds because
the English and the United States merchants were too
indolent to train their salesmen to speak the language
of the people of those countries. Business as often
as not had to be done through an interpreter���a hopeless task when one is trying to induce a sluggish
native merchant to sign up for a big order wliich be
is not sure he wants to buy. The result of the interview is more than likely to be "Manana"���tomorrow*,
It may bc doubly hard for the youth of our land
(o have to learn German these days, but it is almost
essential to the material progress of the empire;
Adversity is a medicine which people are rather
fond of recommending indiscriminately as a panacea
for their neighbors. Like other medicines, it only
agrees with certain constitutions, There are nerves
which it braces, and nerves which it utterly shatters.
Justin  McCarthy.
, tlie
Are You Shouldering Your Burden,
Or Merely Shifting 11 on the Poor?
TF the sacrifice- demanded by the great war
poor, the sick and the defenceless have
called upon to bear much more than their fair >
The physical burden of the conflict among non-
batants may be -aid to have fallen almost exclusively
on their shoulders, for many a well-to-do man who
believes he is contributing liis .-hare toward.- the
lessening of war's load i< merely shifting the responsibility on the defenceless.
(Irganized charity, associations dealing with tbe
sick, settlement work, and like organizations dealing
with the relief of distressed humanity, all have seen
their support from the charitable dwindle almost to
vanishing point sinca tluy commencement of hostilities. Other and nwetmsisteiit calls were being made
on tbe purses of tlieir erstwhile friends, and. if they
were not forgotten, neither were they remembered.
Those accustomed In give merely shifted their contributions from the local association to the wider war
relief organization.
Such action obviously represents no sacrifice on
the part of the giver. He gets the publicity and thc
praise, but the bah, the lame and the blind get thc
suffering. Tllis is not sacrifice, but a sacrificial
offering  of thc helpless.
The man who has merely changed the quarter to
which he makes bis charitable gifts is no more deserving of lavish praise than was Mark Twain when he so
valiantly offered to sacrifice all liis wife's relatives
mi tbe altar of his country, and is no more to be
commended than is the husky slacker who has three
cousin- at the front, and who seeks vicarious glory
because of kinship.
Too  manv men  ami  women  have  thought   thev
0 other achievement of Mr. David Lloyd George
gives so convincing a proof of genius a- the
little Welshman's handling of the Irish home rule
question. His proposal to leave tile matter to the
Iri-b themselves and pledging the British government
to accept their solution was a stroke worthy of a Pitt,
a Disraeli or a Gladstone. The Irish people may have
home rule when they decide upon what -ort of home
rule they want. Until then the British government
must be absolved from any blame in delaying a solution of the question. If the Iri-b cannot agree, we!!,
the)  can wait.
Tbu trouble has been that, when the distracted
British statesmen had fixed up a scheme which suited
one Irish faction, the other faction beaded straight
tor the warpath. The British government was between the devil and the deep blue sea, and was successful only in getting disliked by both faction-
It was then that llritain'- great little premier displaced a knowledge of human nature which should
make certain his niche in the hall of fame. As they
express it in the vernacular, bc passed the buck to
Ireland. Hi- scheme was so simple that the wonder
i- tliat il was not tried before. He proposed a con-
vention of Irishmen in Ireland, to Which all factions,
including the Sinn Fciners. should be admitted. When
tbe convention has decided upon a constitution for
Ireland and bas devised a satisfactory scheme of government, then Mr. David Lloyd George will be ready
to give it force and effect by putting it through the
British parliament.
If the Irish convention is unable to agree, no
blame can possibly attach to the British government.
When it is remembered that Ireland is ready and ripe
for self-government, the agreement as to tlie form of
government necessarily will bc reached and there will
no longer be any Irish question. Once started upon
its career, Ireland will have tlie responsibility of look-
inp to the control of its several factions.
were doing tlieir duty in these time- of stress by
dropping an occasional dime in a tag box, or signing
away a small percentage of their weekly stipend to
the Patriotic fund. Trifling contributions are no
means of equalizing the burden, and unless tliere is
a radical change in the not distant future, we may
look forward to the nationalization of many things in
addition to the food and munition resource- of the
Allied nations. The conscription of wealth would
not long precede the conscription of wages, with its
correllary of absolute slate control over everything
until the end of the war.
Ambition is so powerful a passion in tbe human
breast that however high we reach, we are never satisfied.���Maehiavelli.
A TWl)
IATURDAY,  MAY 26.   1917
Office Space
In a big. well-lighted warehouse in the heart of    the    wholesale
district���847-863 Beatty Street.
Every modern convenience for handling merchandise.
Phone us today far further par  ticulars���Seymour 7360.
Fireproof Warehouse: 786 Beatty Street Phone: Seymour 7360
lxtill IN IEj i5  grown
������������-������������-^���i      _______________-__��___________��.
Rennie's Prize Swede Turnip, for table or stock; 4 ozs.,
20c; per lb.  .   65c
Rennie's Derby  Swede Turnip, biggest cropper; 4 ozs.,
20c; per lb.    -- 70c
Perfection .Mammoth Red Mangel, for stock 4 ozs., 15c
half lb., 25c; per lb. 45c.   ���
Yellow Leviathan Mangel, good keeper; 4 ozs., 15c; half
lb., 25c; per lb., 45c.
Rennie's' Jumbo Sugar Beet, for feeding; 4 ozs. .-.. 15c;
half lb., 25c; per lb. 45c.
Select  Yellow  Dutch  Onion  Sets;  lb., 35c;  5  lbs. $1.70
English Multiplier Potato Onion Sets lb., 30c
5 lbs. for -1.40.     /
Rennie's'   Mammoth  Squash,   specimens  403  Ib.  weight;
per package   . .__. .  25c
XXX Scarlet Round White Tip Radish   Pkg. 10c
oz., 20c; 4 ozs., 50c.
XXX Melting Marrow Table Peas (dwarf).. 4 ozs., 15c;
lb., 40c; 5 lbs., $1.90.
Round Pod Kidney Bush Butter Beans 4 ozs., 15c;
lb., 55c; 5 lbs., $2.40.
Cool and Crisp Table Cucumber  ���  Pkg.. 5c
oz., 15c; 4 ozs., 40c.
XXX Early Table Sugar Corn  (very fine)   ....Pkg.,  10c
lb., 40c; 5 lbs., $1.90.
Rennie's' Fireball Round Table Beet    Pkg., 10c
oz., 20c; 4 ozs., 50c.
XXX  Early Summer    Cabbage    (heads    12 lbs.    each)
Package     10c; oz., 30c
Rennie's Market Garden Table Carrot      I'kg., 10c
oz., 25c; 4 ozs., 75c.
Early Yellow Danvcrs Onion, black seed     Pkg., 5c
oz;, 20c; 4 ozs., 60c; per lb., $1.90.
Rennie's Seed Annual Free to All.
Order through your LOCAL DEALER or direct from
WM. RENNIE CO., Limited
Also at Toronto, Montreal, Winnipeg.
Canadian Northern Railway
9.00 A. M. SCKDAY
FRIDAY', S.00 A.M.
7.00 p.m.    Leave  VANCOUVER   Arrive a.m. 11.0*
9.45 p.m.    Arrive    Chilliwack    Arrive a.m.    8.16
11.00 p.m.   Arrive    Hope    Leave a.m.    7.00
Full particulars may be obtained from any Canadian Northern Agent.
Phone Seymour 2482
BarrUtera, Solicitor!, Etc.
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.
How The Easterners View
The Free  Wheat   Policy
After many years of insistent and
consistent bombardment <>u the part
nf the agricultural forces of Western
Canada the federal Governmeni lia-
removed the duty on wheat entering
the t nitod States markets, The
rather unexpected announcement
from Ottawa that Much an order had
been issued ha-, been well received
iu all pans of the prairie provinces,
which the new decree promises to
affect ni"-;!. Since a similar move
made by the United States government, when the recent reciprocity
campaign was on in ibis country, is
still law, it means that from now mi
Canada and the United Stales will
have free trade in wheat. It bas
long been contended by western agricultural communities on the prairies that they have been seriously
handicapped by the embargoed barrier to their must natural and nearest market tu tbe south. This held
good, not so much for the high
grade wheat, but more particularly
for the inferior grades, which undoubtedly resulted in enormous losses to western producers. The handicap is now removed. It merely
means that it' lhe government due.-,
nut see that western farmers arc
provided with thc necessary avenues
and proper prices for such grades
as do not come within number one,
a ready market awaits the farmer
across the line, lt is evident, however, that in the construction of a
government elevator and the inauguration of a sample market in Winnipeg, tbe government appreciates
the necessity of bringing about a
better condition uf affairs for tbe
grain  growers  of  the   west.
Tbe organized farmers of Western
Canada commenced agitating for
free access to the United States markets fur their grain product in 1908,
but nut until 1910 were there any
active steps taken Inwards bringing
pressure on the government to attain that end. A large delegation
was sent to Ottawa in December nf
that year. Aiming other demands
made, special emphasis was placed
nn free interchange of all kinds of
natural products between Canada
and the L'nited States. The government was impressed witli the contentions of tliis delegation, and the
benefits that wider markets would
confer on the farmers and the general trade of tbe eounlry. Reciprocity agreement with the United
States within a month of the visit uf
this delegation to Ottawa was negotiated. The government was unable,
however, to get tbe agreement ratified by parliament, and, being defeated at tbe election, reciprocity
was set aside for the time. Immediately after tbe Wilson Tariff Bill
became law, which provided that any
country giving free entry to United
States wheat and wheat products
would be granted free entry of wheat
and wheat products into the United
States, the organized farmers urged
thc Canadian government to accept
this proposition of the American
Congress, but the,y refused to grant
the   request.
According to R. McKenzie. secretary of tbe Canadian Council of Ag-
culture, there has been no other
one thing that tended to discourage
production and cause so many to
abandon tlieir farms in tbe prairie
provinces during 1912-1913 as tbe
defeat of the reciprocity agreement.
The farmers looked upon tliat measure as a means of relief from tbe restrictions imposed upon them in thc
marketing of their grain, and when
it was defeated many gave up hope
of being relieved of tbe monopoly
that contributed so much lo make
grain-growing   unprofitable.
The advantages 16 be attained by
access to tlie United States markets
with wheat, which would alsn apply
to all other grains grown on western
farms, iu bis judgment, are two-fold.
First, it gives free access to a consuming population of over 100,000,-
0(H) people whose demands are so
aried, and whose consumptive powers are so great, that it will readily
absorb tbe different grades of grain
that western farmers have to sell.
In view of the wide areas under cultivation   In   which   crops   are   grown
d the varied climatic condition;
that will obtain in this wide area
each year, there will always be in
some part of Western Canada more
or less "out of condition" and classed with "low grade" grain. Tiie disposing of that class of grain has always been one of the problems con-1
fronting the western farmers. The
United States markets will now provide an avenue for the consumption
of that class of grain, and minimize'
the loss the farmers suffered in the,
marketing nf it.
There  is always a  demand  in    the
United   Stales   fur   Western     Canada
Hard   Northern   wheat     fur     mixing
with the softer winter wheats of the.
eastern   and   middle   western   slates.
The  result  is  going  to  be  that    the
Hard Northern spring wheat of Dakota   and   Western   Canada     will   be'
pooled.    It  will  create a  market  for!
tsclf   becruse   of   the   excess   gluten
content's,   not   only    in   the    United
States and Canada, but in other parts
of  the  world  as  well,  where  it  will
be used by millers for blending with
softer   wheats.
Another advantages that will accrue to the western grain growers is
that it will provide a competitive
route for export. One of the reasons why western farmers were so
persistent tor access to the southern
market was to secure a competitive
mute of shipment for export. Up
till now all western grain had to be
shipped for export through tbe one
spout, which afforded opportunities
for manipulation both by transportation companies and grain dealers,
so long as they had no competitor
in  the  handling of this grain.    With
competitive   market   bordering    on
the    three prairie provinces,    and    a
competitive  route  of  shipment  available. Canadian handlers of grain  will!
be  kept  on  their  good  behavior.
Some  changes  must necessarily be'
made in "iir inspection and met!
of handling grain" in order to get
more in conformity witli the methods
employed in Minneapolis and Dul-
uth. This will be made easier v.ith
the completion "i the huge government elevator now being creeled at
Mr. McKenzie is of tin- opinion
thai changes will have In lie made in
the specifications nf nur grades,
which is now considerably higher
than those nf Minneapolis. As there
will be considerable of nur wheat
shipped to Minneapolis market. it
would be unjust in the Canadian
grower In have tu put up a higher
standard nf grades than the American grower. The organized farmers will likely withdraw tlieir objection to the establishing oi a sample
market in Winnipeg- for the same
reason, as in all probability the
United States millers who purchase
supply on the Minneapolis market
on sample will become buyers of
Canadian wheat on sample, if proper
trading and transportation facilities
are provided.
If Canadian dealers meet the competition nf Minneapolis, and Canadian transportation facilities equal
shipping facilities with that from the
south, il is doubtful if much of our
wheat will-be diverted from Canadian channels, except during periods
of freight congestion and low grade
wheat. Millers in the eastern and
central states will secure their requirements nf hard spring wheat
from Fort William through lake
ports, instead, as formerly, from
Minneapolis. Flour mills tributary
to Minneapolis markets will be supplied wilh the bard spring wheat of
The problem of transportation has
by no nivalis been solved with the
inauguration of free wheat markets.
It is well known that the different
railway; have thousand of cars tied
up across the line, and facilities for
the movement of grain have long
been pressed to the limit. Lifting
the duty on grain southward does
not by any means produce, as if by
magic, the necessary facilities to
transport the grain to the open American market. Once this handicap
is overcome there is no reason to
think the different railways will not
do everything in .their power to facilitate the movement of grain to
any market desired. As one prominent western railway official put
it: "They are directly interested in
the prosperity of all producers, and
conditions which tend to assure that
desired era throughout Western Canada, and may be relied on to cooperate  in  every  way  tliey  can."
While the railway chiefs in Winnipeg are not disposed to talk for
publication, J. R. Cameron, assistant
general manager of the C.N.R., is
credited by the Saskatoon "Daily
Star" as having said: "It will take
some time to see just what the effect on nur lines will be. We have
frequently been asked to make a
through west route on grain to Minneapolis, and hitherto we have not
seen our way clear to make such a
rate, as the total amount of Canadian grain being shipped to that
point was too small to justify our
doing so. Now, however, the conditions are somewhat changed, and
it may become necessary for us to
make such a rate. 1 do not think
this would have a very great effect
on the car shortage. 11 would be
sible to ship grain lo Minneapolis
all winter, of course, and tbis would
have some effect. We have been
shinping a great deal of grain into
1 .ninth, where it is stored in bond
until navigation opens in the spring.
Equipment would be seriously tied
up bv any large movement of grain
to Minneapolis, because they have
il. sample market there, and there is
always a gnod deal of delay in getting the cars unloaded. One of the
great advantages of the grade system
is that there is practically no delay
in getting lhe cars unloaded, provided there is elevator capacity sufficient to take care of the grain as
t arrives."
While free wheat is highly appreciated as a move which promises
to lie of inestimable value in tbe development of Western Canada, it is
invaribaly treated as a prelude to
the removal of similar tariff barriers,
particularly in the way of agricultural   implements.
"The next logical Step," says J.
A. Maharg. president nf tbe Saskatchewan ('.rain ('.rowers' Association and of tbe Saskatchewan Cooperative Elevator Company, "is to
give the farmer the same Opportunity to purchase tbe necessary supplies required in the production of
farm product���this done, the Saskatchewan farmer will he able to
compete against tbe world, despite
cheap labor iu other wheat-producing countries, lt will make certain
for our farmers the /loing of their
share in cleaning up tbe war debt
when this terrible confict is over, as
nn doubt the cleaning up of the debt
will be based on our basic national
industry,   agriculture."
II. W. Wood, president of the
United Farmers of Alberta and president of the Canadian Council of
Agriculture says: "If we can continue to have the western farmer's
rights recognized in respect to the
markets wherein lie buys as well as
those in which be sells, we will
build up the necessary prosperity
for a civilization in Western Canada
which in a short time will be surpassed by none. I sincerely hope
this is a sign Ottawa is getting a
wider vision and will co-operate for
a greater Canada. When the government gets properly prepared for
this work it will find the west with
coat  off and both  feet  in  the  ring."
"Of course." says Roderick McKenzie. secretary of the Canadian
Council of Agriculture, "we have
still got to press for free access to.
the United States markets for oats,
barley,   flax,   potatoes,  and  so   foith.
Legislature   Passed  Eighty  Bills
During Eleven Weeks���Important Laws Enacted
In spite nf a session marked by
much recrimination and prolonged
debate, imt unmixed with tlu- usual
political speeches front butb sides
of the bouse, the first session of the
first Libera) legislature in llritish
Columbia got over a tremendi us
amount oi wurk between tbe first "1
Marcli and when thc session adjourned at ihe close of Saturday night.
Numbered among the measures
are several having an influence upon
the prosperity of the province
through lhe agency of better devel'
upiiunt nf natural resoucces. A complete.list of the new laws Which have
been enacted, follows:
Thornton Fell, the clerk if the
house, read lhe titles to the following bills:���
No. 2���An act to amend lhe llritish Columbian Railway Act.
No. 7���An act to amend the Pharmacy Act.
No. 9���An act to amend the Supreme  Court   Act.
No. HI���An act respecting tbe Dolly  Varden   Mines  Railway.
No. 11���An act tu make provision
for a numeral survey of the province
ot llritish Columbia and lor lhe development of the mineral resources
of the said province, including provisions in aid of prospectors and miners and lor llie protection ol wage-
earners  and  investors.
No. 12���An act respecting the
civil service.
No. 1.1���An act to amend the
Water   Acl,   1914.
No, 14���An act for Ujc better protection  of sheep.
No. 15���An act respecting the
marking of cattle and horses.
No. 17���An act to amend ihe Eggs
Marks  Ad.
No. ]��H���An act lo amend lhe law
relating to the guardianship and custody  of  infants.
No. 20���An act to amend llu- Animals Act.
No. 21���An act respecting a certain
by-election hoiden in Vancouver city
electoral district on the twenty-sixth
day of February,  1916.
No. 22���An act to amend the Contagious  Diseases (AnimalsI  Act.
iVO. 23���An act lo amend the Succession  Duty  Act.
No. 24���An act to amend the Complex   Ore   Process   Aid   Act.
No. 26���An act to amend tbe Sale
of Goods Acl.
No. 27���An act to amend the Assignment  of   Hook  Accounts Act.
No. 28���An act to amend the Timber  Royalty  Act.
No. 229���An act to amend the Forest Act  Relief Act.
No. 30���An act to apiend the Forest Act.
No. 31���An act to amend thc Vancouver and Districts Joint Sewerage
and  Drainage  Act.
No. 32���An act to amend the Trust
Company's Acl.
No. 33���An act to amend the Taxation Act.
No 34���An act to provide fur the
collection of a t^ix on persons.
No. 35���An act to increase the revenues of the crown for thc year ending  thirty-first   December,   1917.
No. 3d���An act to provide for lhe
collection of a lax on persons attending   places   of  amusement.^
No. ,i7���An act lo promote increased agricultural production.
No. 38���An act to amend the Public  Schools  Act.
No. 39���An act to validate certain
sales  of land  fur arrears  of  taxes.
Nn. 40���An act respecting dentistry.
Nn. 41���An act fur enabling bodies
corporate to hold property in joint
No. 43���An act to amend lhe
North Vancouver City Incorporation
Act. 1900.
Nu. 44���An act to amend the Vital
Statistics  Act.
No. 45���An act to authorize the
conveyance by the crown of certain
lands for public and patriotic purposes.
N'o. 46���An act to amend the Fori
George  Incorporation Act.
No, 47���An act In amend (lie Land
Registry  Act.
No. 48���An act to amend the War
Relief Act.
No. 49���An act lo amend the Companies Act.
No. 50���An act to amend lhe Van-
comer   Incorporation   Act.
No. 52���An act to amend the Land
\n. 54���An act for the establishment of public sampling and concentrating plants, custom, smelters and
refineries, and lo make provision in
aid of tbe treating or buying of ores.
No. 55���An act respecting a certain
election holden in Fort George electoral district on the fourteenth day
iif September,  1916.
No. 56���An act to amend cjiapter
35 of the statutes of 1915.
No. 57���An act to amend the Administration  Act.
No. 58���An act to amend the Agricultural   Act.   1915.
No. 59���An act to amend the Execution of Trusts. (War Facilities)
No. 60���An act to amend the Mechanics' Lien Act.
Our principal object is achieved, but
we have still some demands which
we must continue to press upon the
J. B. Musselman. secretary of the
Saskatchewan Grain Growers' Association, states: "If free agricultural
implements may but be added In free
wheat such an impetus will bc given
to western agriculture and agricultural settlement as could be given in
tut other way."���Toronto Satnrdav
No. 01���An act to amend the Municipal Act.
Xo. (io���All act to amend tlie In-
lustrial  Home  for Girls Act.
No. 04���An act relating to the Soldiers'  Homestead  Acl.
Nn. 05���An act to amend the l.n-
.tl  Improvement  Act.
No. 66���An act in amend the Municipal  Elections  Act.
N'ii. 07���An act to provide for auditing public accounts of die province.
No. 66���-An act respecting the department nf labor.
No. 69���An act to borrow tiie sum
of two million dollars for tlie pur-
puses therein specified.
Nn. 7'l���An act to amend the Constitution Act.
No. 71���An act to amend lhe Revenue Act.
Nn. 72���An act to amend tile Dyking   Assessments     Adjustment    Act.
No. 73���An act allowing municipalities lo adopt proportional representation   in   municipal   elections,
No. 74���An act to provide for the
investigation nf methods of taxation
anil for the creation of a permanent
board  of taxation.
No, 75���An act-respecting the semi
monthly  payment  of  wages.
Ni. 7fi���An act to amend the
Drainage and  Dyking  Act.
No. 78���An act to amend tbe Vancouver Island Settlers' Rights Act,
No. 79���An acl to provide tor the
investigation of the overseas vote in
connection with thc British Columbia
Prohibition Act.
No. 80���An act to amend the Administration Act.
No. 81���An art to amend tbe Public  Inquiries Act.
Famous Women
Few women have been more widely known than Alice and Phoebe
Gary. The sisters had but slight educational advantages supplied by
schools. Alice Cary first attracted
attention by some sketches of rural
life published in a newspaper under
llie pen name of "Patty Lee," and.
thenceforth became a frequent con-
tribuior in periodicals, Phoebe, four
years tlie junior oi Alice, also gained
a reputation as a write.r oi verses,
and in 1850 the sisters published a
jefint volume uf llieir poetical works.
Alice Cary also wrote several novels,
including "Hagar," "Married, _N'ot
Mated," and "Hollywood." but "her
best known wnrk is "C'lovernook," a
collection of sketches dealing with
western life. The sisters removed to-
New York in 18522, and Alice died
here in 1871, while Phoebe died at
Newport a  few  months  later.
Careers for Women
What a prospect in "careers" the
Canadian girl will have! In ihc old
days, lhe girl who wished to be independent was confronted with teach
ing of needlework, as a means of
making a living and "having a little
in the bank." Another generation,
looked with favor on being a governess���but a drab and bleak existence
was that of the governess, with little
prospect of finally emerging from an
intermediate state between mistress
and servant. In tbe old-time English
novel, the governess invariably cap-
lured thc earl or the baronet, in
spite of the evil machinations of his
jealous womenfolk. But the governess of real life was an entirely different matter, who usually ended in
being a lonely dweller in a cottage,
having an allowance from reluctant
relatives. Time and 'Varsitv have
changed all that, and the modern girl
is allowed to survey the whole range
of professions, confident that law.
medicine or high finance may afford
ber a decent livelihood. She may-
have her eye on a police magistracy
or a milk inspectorship. She may
aspire to chartered accountancy, or
she may be willing to be dietitian
and estimate calories for a hospital
or a college. She may manage a
summer hotel or conduct tourists
over Europe in after-the-war days.
In fact, tbe girl of today, to say
m dliing of the-day-after-to-morrow.
will be embarrassed by tbe riches of
the careers offered her. And yet
ever so many of these maidens of
modernity will prefer a June wedding
and a cosy little home of their own
to a climb up the ladder of fame. A
ladder is quite a toil, and a kitchen
ahinet or a fireless cooker appeals
more surely to feminine fancy. And
then, of course, there's tbe romance
and Ihe husband and the Wedding
Praties  and  Rice
Sixteen ounces of potatoes contain
something over twelve minces of
water and cost four cents or so. Thc
same weight of rice contains one
ounce and a quarter of water and
costs five cents. The balance in each
ftse is fund: proteids and starch.
Cornmeal and oats compare with the
tuber even better, especially oats,
with their large proportion of p'ro-
���eitl, or tissue-building material, and
fat. The inference is that potatoes
at their present price are not worth
eating. If you cannot break yourself
of (he potato,habit and must eat
them,  grow them  for yourself.
Also, Weed,    Brother,   Weed   With
Plant,  brother,    plant;    plant   with
Plant    the    garden    in    the      sun's
bright  glare.
A   long  straight  row  for  the  radish
A  fuzzy furrow for the lettuce there.
Plant,   brother,     plant;     plant    your
share. ��
Plant your  stuff  for the  familv fare.
Seattle   Post-Intelligencer
 ��� ^ ���	
Police reports from some of the
"bone-dry" cities to the south of ift
indicate that a "bone-dry" law is
not effective in the hands of boneless
Our own ideas of a food riot���a
Mulligan stew made un of Belgian
hare, wienies, roast beef, macaroni
and French rolls and flavored with
* * *
Whv shouldn't a butcher cut his
th"iTib pud "'ran it nn? He always
weighs  it  with  the  meat. SATURDAY.   MAY   20.   1917
3,000,000 Unmarried
Mothers in Germany
Don't Can: Dry!
And Here's Why
Radical Countess of Warwick
Would Surrender Land to State
Increase of Illegitimacy Since the  War   Began   Is    Remarkable! ol Sending Tons of Water Thousands
a,J.n     ,X,^,amS -T-,00'8 "I"' Advocates Abolition of Private  Tenure of Estates in England-
,    I ___._   . I    u   ......    I !......._...
and Government Is Even Said  to  Be  Encouraging  It;
Something  About  the  Recent    Growth   of
Socialism in Germany
o( Miles Away
In the Berlin ��ageblatt on January
16, 1917, Dr. Engcl, " ie ol the aldi r-
liun nf Berlin, stated thai then wert
.i,ckhi,(K4I 'illegitimate children burn in
German) since iln- beginning of the
war, and thai ihis number was increasing at the rale of 20,000 annually   in   Berlin.
"Only a vigorous,-rich increase in
childbirth can make up for the in-
irmous loss of life which the war
brings up daily," declared Dr. Engel.
"The increase in population must,
therefore, be recognized as one of
ihe most important problems of the
future. To continue the increase we
ure forced to consider tlie illegitimate birth, which is already in per
cent, "f the normal rate. 'I'he war
compels us. also, whether we wish
it nr not. to consider this kind nf
increase in population in tl
in a kindlier way. Our object now
must be to better the situation (or
ihe  illegitimate  child."
This frank statement by one of
Berlin's physicians, who is connected
with the city governmertt, shows thai
social conditions in Germany haw-
reached ttle point where they demand
careful  consideration.
Dr. Engel presents startling statistics. He states that the number of
illegitimate children born in cities
such as Berlin. Hamburg and Munich has increased from 15 ner cent,
in 1914 to 45 per cent, in 1916. He
declares that unless the government
does something immediately t" legitimatize these children a big percentage   of   the   future   German   race   will
be illegitimate.
The problems confronting the
and nation as a result of this
tion are as numerous as they
important. In tbe first place.
government, the doctors and tli
ucational classes do not like the
of having these children raised as
illegitimate offspring. They want
the government to adopt the children
and provide by legislation for their
education and sustenance until they
are at least fourteen years of ace.
Proposals have been made, also, for
the children to take tbe names of
their mothers and be made legitimate
children by a special act of parliament.
At present the government is doing
nothing to decrease the birth rate.
On tbe other band, everything pos-
sible is being done to encourage, women to have children. Exceptional
care is given to mothers and prosnec-
tivc mothers. They can go to >ov.
ernment hospitals during confinement. Tf they are girls working in
factories they are given from one
month to six weeks' vacation at that
time .on full nav, and the city niivs
whatever physician and nurse bills
are   neccssarv.     The   result   is     that
millions   of   young   girls,    especially
i   ���-���   imong tin- working
having   children  and   m   this   cay  are
contributing  i" the  future    of    their
fatherland.    It is nol   i n ������.    a
disgrace in Germany to have a hild
if the girl is not married. On the
trary, they are complimented '���������?
ii. and women who il" not have car
babies are not considered loyal Germans. ���
Prostitution at the -aiu,- tin e hat
decreased. In such cities as Berlin,
Hamburg, Munich and Co.logm ani
Frankfort, there are no .'.ar time red
light districts. I'or our a year the
problems   incident   to   the     birth   of I
If conditions in Engla
ai   urate)}   described
o\   Warwick,   ii   would
reform  is long o    rdui
'I he
i.   i -. ;
In i
alist i
t li _
illegitimate   children   ha*
'.iii' ting   the   attention   of   physii
rhe plan which it seems probabl
government will sanction  is the
mure] lowing:
now      Every child born  in an urn.li
woman   will   take   the   name   i :
mother.    The   cily  already  pay
the expenses at birth.   After thai the
mothers   will  be  given   from   1   i .  3
mark- a day  Inward the  cost  of caring   for   and   feeding   the   infant.     As
the child  gel- older  it  will  be  supported   by   the   state   until   it   is     old
enough   to  go  i"  wnrk.    Its  education  in  the  public  schools  will  be entirely   at    the   governmeni      expense.
After  it  is  fourteen  years  nf  age  it
will have an opportunity of learning I
a  trade  or  some kind of business at|Kc
tlie   government's  expense, "0
The   reason   the  birth   rate   of  Hie- dr
gitimate   children   is   constantly     in-  th
creasing   is  because  the   government its
indirectly   encourages,  especially   the|ct
working   girls,   to   believe   that   it     is
their   duty   to   the   fatherland   to     recreate  the  race.    Married  women  are
| encouraged   in   the  same   way.
The  problem    of caring    for    the
children   in   Germany   is   one   of   llie
��� ed.
\\ -   i'.--rr talking    f fi��n\ and '"���: :-
i lin' Carl.il'i and   I.
; '" " I said, "isn't - ���
much a matter of growing things, as
of using all we grow. Why, the
vegetables and fruit that rut on the
ground "ii my farm every year���and
it's nol a wildly extravagant farm at
that���would pretty near feed another
family lhe size nf mine. Our problem
as i see it is only partly one nf pr -
duction. Above all, it is a problem
"i   -laving, canning ami distributing."
"I'm imt so -ure about the canning." answered Mi'. Garland, "Canning mean- water, .ind the idea oi
sending millions of tuns of water i"
Europe seenis rather foolish. It's
foolish even to send potatoes in
"You can't send them by wireless,"
I  protested mildly.
"Xo. but yon can dry them," he
"Powdered potatoes?" I asked in
"\\ by. yes." he replied vvith a reminiscent   smile.    "Am',   they're    good,!'
to...   When i was outfitting for The '��w  the
I g   Trail'   into   the   Yukon   valley,(,ran''   Dukes   and
in   '��8,   |   found  myself  deeply  con-1fcudal  properties  i
Says Feudal Landlords Are an Anachronism  and the
New Money-spun Ones are an Abomination
���Emulate Grand  Duke
at ������ at all
the Countess
Seem that a
u that coun
is    may
thai   tiie   lam
lu  the state.
��� amc
n  that  ihey  have
and  would be  lhe I,enemy   division.     Perhaps,
ni - is ui reasoning, most
U1S   "1   a   great   many   ol
antagonistic to socialism
counted fur, says a writer
ito Saturday Night.  However,   mil   to   wander   from   nur   subject,   the   Countess   is   the   owner     of
some   23.1M)   acres   in   England,   and
is presumably, convinced  that  she  is
imt  entitled  tn  this  estate.     She  has,
mine iv cr.   made   an   appeal     to     tiie
landed aristocracy nf  England tu fol-
onple     of ' the     Russian
over     their
:   slate.
.*-!.'   propon
the land ba
self, would doubtless be prepared t
. give her estate.- back, bat thc fact
be that tliey are entailed makes it im-
iry radical possible to do so It is lucky fur her
icialist, and t.,,i! tin- i^ the ca-... Otherwise she
al property may nnd herself in a state of finan-
a socialists cial embarrassment, wry shortly,
those wlm'which would be anything but pleas-
up   properly   ant   when   she   would   waken   lu   find
lm   liir
ing i"
on the
I of tile
j us who
I might be
llie   Ti
cerned  with  the    question    of  lu odl    ' W<
transportation.    All mir supplies fi
Soil miles  uf  wild  country  had  to  b
packed   on   the   backs   of   our   horsi
ant when she would vval.v
that she was the only landlord :������ dispossess herself. Her position would
then be lhat of tenant tu some other
landlord. The injustices would be
just as great ami she would be the
sufferer instead of, as now, the beneficiary. For my pari, if there is
to be any land-owning, and if I really
believe that the owner get.- the advantage over the non-owner, I would
certainly  elect  to  be   the  owner.
-v more practical suggestion, and
one which would finally come to tiie
same thing, would be mat tne estates
and the land ol England, generally,
be maue to bear the burden ol taxation. Let lhe tax be levied on tbe
unimproved value, so thai there shall
be absolute justice,    'lhe unimproved
line Matthews tells how   she  had set
her   heart ne   of     the
gaily  embr mva us.
by tbe firls for market
ing.    'I !.'���;   could :'."! be bought at a
-li p and  tl ��� trj   folks were noi
;t mpted   i i   ��� in  nder  tljem   fur  any
"I met a mar. leading a pack horse
and ui: that horse were strung some
bags, am. one il thosi I ags vvas a
glorious color; new and fresh. Have
that bag I n iuld. So I went into the
middle of the mad and quietly
stopped the  mare.
"The   man   sei lazed    and
rather     in .lii I       resent     being
brought   i -��� mdstill.     I   launched
forth   in   very   halting     Serbian,    on
the     eathei the  pony,  and  then
out came  ; :tte  case and  we
were  friends     ' inly  one of the mad
English,   I   .- ippose   Ik-   thought.
"Tbe moment was ripe. I raised
the bag, emptied the parcels on the
saddle and placing -nine money beside them. I ohi I at the man in a
friendly way. lie smiled. A new
kind nf game, he thought. Without
a vv rd I held nut my hard In Serbia
when a bargain i- concluded in the
selling "f a ! rsc ur cattle the men
shake hands and so make tbe bargain legal, li i- quite a little ceremonial. My new friend took my
hand. Tlie deed vvas done. The bag
was  mine."
biggest problems nf tbe government.
Inasmuch as the state encourages a
liberal increase in population, it has
P. be iu a position to take good care
of tbe children, or prospective mothers will be discouraged. So physicians are given special instructions
as 1" tbe care of children. For instance, a year ago when the milk
Supply began to decrease, physicians
were given orders to instruct young
mothers that they must nurse their
own children. Physicians were advised tn do everything in their power
to get the mothers to continue tbis as
long as possible. Then in order to
feed children only the smallest amount of milk physicians prescribed
cereals, mashed potatoes, spinach
and carrols for children above six
months nf age. Some physicians
even did away with milk entirely and
prescribed a mixture of cocoa and
cornmeal and meat broth for children only a few months old.
and   every   pound   of   extra     weight
counted against  our speed.
"Naturally   we   ruled   out
good.-���I"  pack   water  into the
northwest   was  id' tic   W'e  turned  to
dried   fruits,   flour   and     beans,    and
n to a new ration which had made
appearance   in   the   western   mark-
lets at that time. This new ration was
'granulated' potatoes and 'dessicated'
eggs.    The   potatoes   were   iu   slice-
shaped   grains.       The     eggs   resem-
jbled     yellow     bird     shot.     A     small
' can   of   these     grains     included,     as
1   recall   it.   six   dozen  of  eggs.     In  a
somewhat   larger   can   I   bought
flaky   residue   of   several   bushels
carrots,  parsnips  and   turnips.
aristocracy of England, in their posi-.
tion   of   heri-dioirv   Ph,,i,.,.-������.-_.    ........ H
ereditary landowners, must
go. The country rings with suggestions mr the betterment of the conditions under which land is cultival -1 _!ie.".
ed, but as I see things, the StlggeS'
ire   in   no  instance   drastic   en
Because He Is a Little Fellow
and Can Swim, Fred Deeley's
Brother-in-law  Still   Lives
A most interesting letter has been
received by Mr. Fred Deeley nf Vancouver from his brother-in-law,
Corporal Harold .Wheeler, who is
serving his country in France as a
despatch rider. With kind permission ul Mr. Deeley we are enabled
to give extracts from tbe letter telling ot some exciting and narrow escapes.    He says:
"1 recall one ur two instances in
particulars, once when my short stature 15 ft. 3 1-2 in.) saved my bacon;
once, when my swimming abilities���
1 can do 100 yards without stopping
if I have plenty of time and the
water is not too cold���came in useful; and yet another occasion when
I.scraped through merely because I
was not too inquisitive, or of tbe serious sort of chap. On the first occasion we were billeted "somewhere in
Flanders," in what remained of a
small French village. Just in the
rear were some hefty 14 inch howitzers, mounted on the railway, and
they were in the habit of straffing
old Fritz like bell, and then the gunners would disappear into the dugouts, and we poor devils in the village would clique for any retaliation
F'ritz   might  give.
That particular day our guns had
been busy as usual and Fritz seemed
very, very annoyed. Scarcely had
tile boom of our blighters died away
than the wail of the 3 9's was heard.
I happened to be sitting in a small
estaminct, drinking white wine, when
number one burst outside in the
street. Suddenly there was a h
of a crash and number two arrived
through the roof and into the room,
A sergeant next to me was killed aud
two more chaps were injured, but I.j
myself,, escaped unhurt, although a
mirror a few inches above my head
was smashed to atoms. I bolted into
the cellar.
A month later three of us were
riding along a screened road, very
close to the line, when wc hetird a
crash not far away. As I happened
to know that a battery of field guns
vvas somewhere on that road I didn't
worry, but just opened the throttle
and bunked. My two pals, however,
must have realized that it was a
shell and not our guns, as I thought
for both stopped,  then made  for an
old trench that ran parellel with the
road. 1'uor beggars
The next shell tell close to them;
one had to have bis leg amputated
and the other poor beggar had shell
shock, which is a darned sight worse
than most wounds. I am thankful 1
cleared out or 1 may have been beyond the need of "bully aud biscuits"
The occasion when I brought my
.swimming capabilities int" play was
when 1 got burned. I have never
quite found out what happened that
night, though there must have been
plenty  doing  for a  few  minutes.
1 vvas riding along tbe canal bank
late one very wet night last autumn.
The glass of the filler cap "n my
"Dong" was cracked and a constant
flow of petrol was spraying my overalls and must have dripped down on
the plugs. Suddenly she caught fire
and in a few seconds I was literally
a blazing torch. Before I could pull
up I was burnt about niy bands and
face but without a minute's hesitation into the canal I jumped. As
soon as I was under I was quite
alright, but when I struggled back
to the bank I found myself utterly
powerless to climb the slippery ten
font bank, and for the time vvas in
immediate danger of being drowned.
Hut two "Id Frenchmen, probably attracted by the blaze, came trotting
along and' in a few minutes bad yanked mc nut. 1 don't remember anything else until late that night the
doctor from the field ambulance was
removing the dressings from my
face, and ye gods and little tisbes. I
did have a pai' il time of it for the
next few days, mt I am more than
grateful to bear ugly little sears, and
my hair and eyebrows have grown
again. 1 enjoyed six or seven weeks
rest then once more found myself
back on tbe road with a new "Douglas" and a very jumpy set'of nerves,
performing tbe duties nf a glorified
errand boy. or as the army payrolls
shows   us   to  be  "Special     Despatch
T_ ���    , ��� * + ft ft ff
It is just impossible for anyone,
even in England, to realize thc desolation and destruction that exists
out here. I have read many articles
in newspapers where the writer has
attempted tu describe the ravages,
but in every case he has failed utterly. To sec towns like "Brum"
completely demolished, aud villages
where it is literally impossible to
find two bricks standing, seems to
be exaggeration, bul.it is not. I have
seen a church with an eighty foot
spire brought to thc ground with six
shells   from  a   12  inch  howitzer.
Thank God I am not in the German army. "Poor old Fritz." he is
nut a bad sport when yon actually
c une  up  against  him."'
Naturally Bullecourl fell when the
Germans dropped it from the Hindenburg line.
"Mv partner
was suspicious of  de
sicated'  eggs.
But  as   soon   as     vv
learned   how
o   use   them   we     wi
delighted   witl
the  result.    A    laid
spoonful nf th
e eggs, and two -po
fills of the po
tames when  steamed
a   skillet   will
sweat   up   into   a   '.it
savory  mess.
uincil i1 n.   n
ritisli I linns
Isn't that great!* These many years
we   have   been   taught   to   look   upon
Russia  as  the   visible  evidence  of  all
that is tyrannical m the way of government.     The   aristocracy   were   supreme   and   the   people     the     veriest
[slaves.     Xo   one   might  call   his   soul
| bis own.    Russia was a drag on  the
is progress   of   the   world,   and     would
a | continue  to  be  such  for centuries  to
e come,    We woke up one morning to
if I find lhat Russia had somehow got rid
I of   the   yoke,   over   night   as   it   were,
value is not the creation of
oi any individual. It is a
communal value. Individuals create
only one value, namely, improve-
including houses, barns and
i anything made or done by man
I which attaches itself to land and tan
be appraised. Exempt the value of
all such improvements entirely, as
any lax placed upon ihem is in its
very nature a handicap upon industry. The exercise of industry is not
a crime. It is not something to be
decried and discouraged. If 1 build
a house or paint my fence. I am to
extent   a   more   desirable   citizen
than  if
beautified   ll
this  extent  i
of the neighbor!
encouraged,   not
hied   t
ione so. i nave
Holdings, and to
i the desirability
1. 1 should be
"It beats rice for expanding, my
partner  said."
"By George, there's an idea there!"
"I think so myself." Mr. Garland
answered   slowly.   "Ever     since     the
od   problem   vvas   first   agitated.   I
have been wondering whether such aji
ralinn could not be used for our soldiers and for the soldiers of our allies whom we may have lo feed.
Transportation is going to be a
mighty problem, and tlie saving and
shipping of ruits and vegetables in
dried form may be one of the best
forms of  food  conservation.    Canned   to' the   nation   he   fo
and had become a republic, while wc] 'N'"" -*1**' England is experiencing
ve, champions of liberty, were still a I'.''*' l,t,n"st difficulty in obtaining
re I monarchy. The Czar bad abdicated, '".'"' an**. '''J*' various necessaries of
and within twenty-four hours bad e' '"".' 's fac,ed with enormous bur-
almost been forgotten. Afterwards *'*'"s "! taxation, the time would
there appeared somewhere the ac- seem r'pe ,or '',e introduction nf a
count nf a later episode under tllis s>'st(-'") ol taxation which would at
heading; "Nick Romanoff and his once ���>".** ���""' 'n ''"<-' with the best
wife have been arrested.'' It was a economics. Although the evil effects
few moments before the full signifi- "f landlordism are nut experienced
cance of what had happened present- '". a"ything like the same degree in
ed itself. Yesterday, bare your head'."1'5 country, the argument is none
and bow before the Czar and Czarina ''"*' 'ess applicable here. Taxes are
of all   Russias and the ruler oi mill-1 "ceded.    Levy  them  where  they  will
fruit is heavy, dried fruit is light.
Potatoes arc mostly water, heavy to
ship and likely to bruise and rot, but
'granulated' potatoes could be sent
in small compass anywhere, aud so
far as I know would keen indefinitely. Local factories could be established where the eggs and fruits and
vegetables are most abundant, and in
these ovens tbe water could be
squeezed out and the food compressed  for easy transportation.
"And you can really eat the stuff?"
I  asked  incredulously.
"In our own case, with bacon and
coffee." Mr. Garland replied, "it made
a perfectly good ration, which we
ate day after day with satisfaction.
I forgot to sav that dried rasnberries
also came in for use in our dietary."
He chuckled with reminiscent enthusiasm.   "Our   ration   was  perfect."
"Perhaps you have a particularly
robust constitution."  1   ventured,
"N'o.'' be saui. "All tbe miners used
th- rat
not at
'; ii, l-ecm'se lt wa
and easily transpi
all sure that the
and the dessicatei
the solution of the
Europe as it was
1113 lit-    1111-
ted. I am
'egg' may
food prob-
u  the  Vil
li I
kon  '
"The granulated potato and the
dessicated egg." I murmured unhap-
Mr. Garland laid bis band on my
shoulder. "My boy." be said, "you
will have to get used to worse things
than dessicated eggs if we don't beat
the  submarines!"
"If we don't���ymi don't think
there's a chance ?"
Mr. Garland looked grave. "I'm
imt a pessimist." he said, "hut we
need submarine chasers, and here's
tbe best one I know���Don't can!
Dry!   Remember  it!"
I told him 1 would. Aud 1 do.
I'.very time I see a potato or. an egg.
1 think of it. The idea is beginning
to get rrte.
It would be funny, wouldn't it, if
the world should be made safe for
democracy by the granulated potato
aud  the  dessicated  egg?"���T.   II.
Light and cheernu ettects, in the
very best taste, have come with the
use of flower and fruit pictures,
which give a fine air of distinction
lo a robm and have the merit of fitting in vvith almnst any scheme of
furnishing. So great has been the
demand for pictures of this class that
thousands of them have been brought
from Europe in the last few years.
A long list of capable artists of tlie
past, headed, perhaps, by Van Hcy-
sam, left these Ornamental flower
and fruit pictures for American home
builders, as well as hundreds of their
nameless followers whose pictures
are  also  lull  of beautv.
of   subjects.    Today.   X
inanoff and his wife have been arrest,
ed.    And.  now.  is held up before thej
of   tbe   ancient   and   honorable j
1_   aristocracy     of   England     by:
one of their number the action of thej     Paris,
aristocracy   of   Russia     as   a     model i given  a
which   might   with  justice  and   profit: has not
wed. ; years.
k   Ro. | interfere  least  wiih  the  financial and
'industrial activities  of tlie  country.
Music in Paris
France���The    Opera    has
revival of "Messidor," which
seen the light of day  for 20
It is a lyrical drama in    four
We.cannot for one moment sup- I acts and five tableaux, poem by Em
pose that the suggestion will be ad- "e Zola, and music Dy M. Alfred
opted,-and while we may thoroughly Bruneau. As in US97. M. Delmas and
agree witli tbe Countess in ber con- ;M Note are in the cast, wliich also
tention that the land is rightly the I includes M. Franz as tenor instead
property of the state, the most of: of M. Alvarez, and Mile. Lapey-
tis will not agree that this is the best re'te and Mile. Gall,
method of reclaiming  it. At  the  Odeon,  Alfred  de   Musset's
Boys Bar Cigarettes
Louisville, Ky.���Nearly 11XH) boys
under the age of 16 years have signed
an agreement under the auspices of
tin: Juvenih Court in Lexington not
to use cigarettes or oilier tobacco in
any form until they are IS years old.
They havi- enrolled themselves in
the Lexington Anti-Cigarette League
Through Tickets
issued   to    all    parts
of the world.
to the Old Country,
Alaska. China and
For full
particulars apply
to any
C. P. R.
Bm let us see what else the Countess has to say on the subject. She
says she has known estates where
the tenants are expected lo belong
to the Church of England and where
nonconformists are barred or persecuted. Farmers, laborers and small
tradesmen have been ruined or exiled from the place of their birth
because iheir opinions were contrary
to those of their landlords. If the
aristocrats possessed the overwhelming wisdom necessary to their role
as supreme dictators, all would be
well, but the Countess only knew six
whose claims would bear momentary
She then proceeds to drive home
some arguments which are worthy
of repetition. She declares that it
is no justice which calls men to
fight for the land and then leaves
the land in the hand- of a fraction
of those who fought. To her, it is
impossible thai in the future "His
Grace" and "My I. ird" should own
square miles of the tarth for which
Tom died. Dick was wounded, aud
Harry fought unscathed. She thinks
that-it is no more than justice that
the men who have offered their lives I
for Britain should have tbe freedom |
of Britain f
"On ne badine pas avec l'amour"
with music by Saint-Saens was given.
Pierre Laid considers that nothing
more unsuitable cfluld have been devised than de Musset's poetical fantasy, set to music by so totally un-
romantic a composer as Saint-Saens.
He also criticized the fact tllat Saint-
Saens has introduced in the final
scene a long musical episode which
interferes with a most effective and
notable development in the rule of
Camille. This is. he says, perhaps
the most striking example of the incompatibility oi thought and sentiment between Saint-Saens and Alfred fie  Musset.
Definition of a Perfect Woman
A conference of school teachers in
England lias given its definition of
the "perfect woman," hirst of all
she is 40 and the mother nf five
children She is in happy circumstances and lives in a beautiful part
nf the country a few miles from a
big town. She i- patriotic, religious
and a friend of the poor, And this
is   Imw   she   fills   her   time:
She   takes     walks,     rides,   bicycles.
imbs.   swims,   dances,   skates,     hows
their reward.    Fur llie Iand   l>'**>'s   S:lllu'S'     She   can   ride     a
'   social   conditions   i" i1,or"*0 :lml drive a motor
Tbe ex-czar is also charged with
being the author oi a political drama.
But why keep kicking him now that's
he's down?
England, if supreme sacrifice should
be made. Tbe country has great
needs and. if it is to remain solvent,
the united work nf all is necessary.
Thc feudal landlord is an anachronism and the new money-spun landlord is an abomination. "W'e who
are in the high places in England
should retire from them, and the act
would be a greater memorial than
the best of us could have hoped to
While the truth of most of what
the Countess has to say has been
long recognized by many, it takes
oil an added significance at this particular juncture. W'e read that, in
England, the large estates bad their
origin centuries ago in grants from
the Crown in the nobles who obligated themselves to undertake the defence of the country. Thus, in times
of war. they supplied so many horses and so many men together with
food and otber requirements. Land
was not worth a grcat deal in cash
in those days, bul it carried wilh il
lhe virtual ownership of the people
just as is tin case today, and must
always be the case. Hence, the
Countess declares, that only lhe
state can own the land in trust for
those, who   can   make   it   productive;'
Unfortunately, the proposal of lhe
Countess is not verv practical, in the
form   in   which   it   appears   in   print.
lrive a t:
proficient iu many branches of practical learning. She can do anything
and every tiling about the house. She
knows how to invest money, can use
has some knowledge of the law.
a typewriter. She is a great reader.
Every day she reads some serious
book, as well as a newspaper and a
novel. She speaks three languages
besides her nwn and reads foreign
books. She is fond of gardening and
bas learned several crafts���wood carving, melalwork. book binding and
)es  in   her
not  sav what
Musings of a Modern Maid
A man goes into every new flirtation with all the buoyant enthusiasm
of "first love" and tbe perfect confidence that it is going to be "the
Tbe only thing "eternal" about
In'-"   is  ils   eternal   change.
The woman who holds a (nan's
lo.'o forever is the one who offers
him neither devotion nor indiffer-
oii";.'. bul just a mild, tepid interest,
"hich niniies bis vanity, anneals to
'w curiosity���and at the same time
lulls all his fears of matrimonial designs. .
A   S<"-bi*"-  rs.irpain
In her book. "Fxi-vriences m" a
woman  doctor  in  Serbia."  Dr.   Caro-
Established  1904
Carload Business a Specialty
B.C. Vinegar Works
J.   II.   FALCONER,    Manager
Member   Society    of   Chemical
Give    Satisfaction     for     a
Life Time
(Between Robson and Smythe)
Having purchased a large consignment of high quality white paper at a
very reasonable price, we are now iu
a position to give close prices on catalogues, books, pamphlets, dodgers,
clc. The Standard Job Department,
42o Homer Street; plione Sey. 470. FOUR
SATURDAY,   MAY  26,   1917
"And The Greatest of These"
Being   a   fhort   sermon   on   the   iniquity    ol    campaign    contributions     (in
lighter   vein).     By   Donald   Downie,   Barriste r-at-Law.
Tbe herded wolves, bold only to
The obscene ravens, clamorous o'er
the dead;
The vulture- to the conqueror's banner true,
Who feed where desolation first has
fed.���I Shelley .
A distinguished clergyman���"vv ho
is alsn an ornament t" bis profession" (for I must use his own words
and not allow him to surpass me in
politeness)���treated his public to a
somewhat sensational politico-religious pot-pourri Sunday evening of
la^l week. The clergy may always
do this with impunity. They are a
privileged class. Question of taste.
They know the deep respect for the
cloth, in which we have all been
educated. And, unlike the members
of our own much-abused profession,
they know that they have only one-
case to plead each week���and no reply.
His very excellent congregation���
who by some strange chance (1 did
not say, misfortune) are mostly of
one political color���must have been
awakened from their customary
slumbers with a slight shock. But
as it is not under his benign ministrations that I take my usual Sunday
nap, 1 have to depend on the report
of a sympathetic and friendly evening journal: with its accompanying
editorial. I had intended going to
see "Intolerance" at thc Orpheum;
but these trial demonstrations saved
me two dollars.
Oh, we are a great and good race
of people, in our complacent, superior, self-satisfied Anglo-Saxon way.
We are not temperamentally ill-
natured as a rule; nor German in
our implacable ferocity. And we
easily forget injuries���no matter
whether we suffer then or inflict
But once in every seven years we
have a sort of spiritual revival, or
clearing-house of conscience. Wc
awake. Our virtue calls for a victim.
His offence may be venial compared
with all those we have tolerated and
suffered in silent approval. And it
nihy not be clearly established. A
'mere error of judgment. And a
needless, ha_/v and too sweeping denial. But we .--Icct tliis victim by
chance���or by decimation. Or by
his popularity, or prominence. He
must be thrown to us from a certain
eminence���which involves the ruin of
a reputation and the degradation of
a name. Then, all the pious censors
are turned loose. And when they
have torn and devoured him, for nine
days���then they lick their chops and
close their eyes, and go to sleep
again for seven years more.
Now,    moral    philosophy    speaks
plainly of all things, and it calls actions by their right names. Said
Mahomet 10 his son: "Let us occupy
ourselves with that which is eternal;
let us found a new religion." Sn let
us speak here of lhat which is universal. Not the unusual; nor the
'unique; nor unheard of;���the moral
depravity involved in rather rashly
accepting, and then not quite clearly
and openly avowing, these otherwise
perfectly innocent campaign contributions,
I   know,    that, as a  rule,    aspiring
public  men  should not thoughtlessly
/accept   presents  from  anyone.    Most
of us would not.   It is a question of
prudence; and of taste.    We are perhaps rather careful generally, to look
these   gifts    in   the     mouth.   .TimeO
danaos���(you know the rest.l. Nevertheless  after  having  beard    il   fairly
stated  in  open  court,  by  counsel  for
the    complainant���that    "they    had
never  charged  that  the attorney-gen-
1 eral was a dishonest man," and while
the   whole  matter  was  still  more  or
less sub judicc; for the  Minister was
: still   in   place;  and   the    rather  fair,
i mild  and  harmless  flnding-of-fact  by
the learned commissioner vvas as yet
unpublished���was it not uncharitable,
j to  say  the  least,  to  hold  this  young
member  up  above  all  others  to    his
fellow  citizens, as  the  "horrible    example"  (?)    For, though  the gcturc
: was   imlprudent,   might   it   not    have
' been  entirely  compatible  with  purity
of  intention?     I   ask  you;   Oh,    you
doubting  Thomas.
It bas been said that the "scholar
.in politics" is without success. That
i the theologian is without authority
I there. Xow, nature has given every
man two eyes. But whenever he
approaches politics, he closes one.
i So docs the political parson. Just j
i like a common mortal. So the church I
j loses by his intervention. And 1 fear
i the   state  docs  not  gain.
Politics is not an exact science.
(The same might be said of theology). Compromise and tolerance,
| are of the essence of political science.
Therefore, let us not exaggerate
here; nor extenuate; nor set down
aught in malice. Nor impute motives. Says Byron: "1 hate a motive,
as i hate the Devil," And we can
surely speak as observant and detached students, of public men and
public affairs, without fear or favor.
For a fallen minister has no time-serving friends now, inspired only by
that gratitude which is a lively sense
of benefits to come.
And what was the offence, after
all, of the young and rising Vancou-
I ver member, and minister,���still in
j his novitiate���whose first bold elec-
| tion-campaign a year ago broke the
I long spell  that bound  this  province
P. the insatiable railroad gang
awoke lhe people lo lhe true -tan
of their affairs; and ended the orgy
of  an  old  and   arrogant   regime?
What was the gravamen uf the
charge? And was il a crime, or a
blunder? Certainly it does nol carry
with il public robbery, nor conspiracy,   nor   treason,   nur   assassination.
Nor dues it appear that the candidate  personally  solicited,  either  for
himself or in lhe name "I a parly nr
a government, any ol these campaign
funds, which were thrust upon linn
by these innocent and naive railroad
builders (so-called)���wlm have built
the t'. x. K. These professional
lobbyists   and    vote-buyers   believe,
from snme experience, lhat every
legislature has its price. And they
have never been denounced, as they
should be, by the watchful clergy, to
whose church campaigns they have
often so generously subscribed���wilh
nther people's money.
No. It does not appear here that
any seductive advances were made
to them; nor corrupt promises; in
order to loosen their purse strings.
and weaken Iheir virtue. It should
seem, on the contrary, lhal one of
this predatory clan was the slool
pigeon   or   the  agent-provocaleur.
And when that same agent, examined as a witness, tells us lhat in
paying over this money to this campaign fund for another benevolent
clansman and private magnate, lie
was only the messenger boy; and
that it was not Ihe money of any
corporation expecting favors; and
thai it was not the money of any corporation expecting favors; and that
lie himself selected tbe recipient campaign official, through whom the
contribution was to be made���then
this shy decoy-duck, and chief witness for the prosecution, with all his
air of unwillingness, must certainly
be believed.
Was it really lo be a pistol held
at the head of the government? Perhaps, And when the government refused to bold up ils hands, then���
with a certain hesitancy���obviously
intended lo give the ministry a last
chance to make it easy for the clan
���then the pistol'goes off, with this
phariasaic explosion , from Tory
press and pulpit, that we have just
heard. And so tbe Ministry and the
Minister properly decide that these
matters can better be threshed out
when he has become a private member.    That  is  all.
Xow we all know that political
parties must be organized, and that
even reform campaigns must be financed. The most canting of Pilaris-
sees will not pretend the contrary.
Because political parties are necessary concomitants of free institutions. For when bad men combine
good men must associate. And party
campaigns, like churches, must have
a treasury. It is a pity; in both
cases. But if the son of a great
promoter or railway-broker, or tin-
reformed lobbyist, opens up the
cockles of his heart, and his cheque
book, for any kind of reform movc-
(Continticd  on   I'.-irc   l.iglu)
i  fF
Richmond Craig's Weekly Message
Clubb& Stewart
309 to 315 Hastings St. W.
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This Sale Stops on Saturday Night. Get Some of
these Exceptional Values
Never Man Spake Like This Man.
John, 7  and  46.
While on his last western tour, Sir
Wilfrid Laurier, the leader of one of
our great political parties, was introduced lo his audience by one of his
lieutenants, as thc Prime Minister of
Canada who had made the least mis-
lakes. "All men in this exalted position," said the henchman, "have
made mistakes," "and they would not
have been human, bad they not done
so, but Sir Wilfrid is the greatest of
them all. because he has made fewer
blunders than any of them."
Thai Sir Wilfrid is a great man in
politics not even his bitterest opponent will deny, but his greatest admirers also confess that he has made
mistakes. They offer apologies, as
all men do for those whom they
honor and love. N'or do wc think the
less of (hem for so doing. We are all
so human and so liable to err, and
yet, there has come across the stage
of time One for whom no apology
need be offered. Jesus Christ, the
Son of the Living God, the Greatest
and Grandest Personality the world
has ever witnessed and heard, requires no apologist to explain His
weaknesses and failings for He had
none. He was the Perfect Man,
and His Gospel is the Perfect Cure
for the world and its ailments. He
spake as never man spake."
In a Class By Himself
We cannot classify The Preacher
of Nazareth. He stands in a row all
by himself. He belongs to no special
class, and yet He was superior to
all classes. As a preacher He was
the greatest of them all. The common people heard Him gladly, and
multitudes thronged to see Him, just
as they will today wherever, and
whenever, lie is raised up as the
poor man's friend, and the sinner's
liope. lie was, and is, and ever shall
be. the most attractive Personality
in  the whole world, and why?
The reason why simple and natural people readily understood Jesus
is that, in the kind of life they lived,
the primal emotions were supreme.
They were able to understand the
simplicity of his teaching and the
every-day application of it to tlieir
lives. Tbe peasant fathers and
mothers knew what it meant to welcome a prodigal son. They were always standing with arms to receive
llieir penitents from the cruel snare
of the cities. They liked this working It.an who talked to them of compassion and love. In poor men's
liuls, beside the Sea of Galilee, Jesus
Himself had found love, love in all
its divine daring, forgiveness and
inaganimity, and He knew that among the people like these, He would
be understood.
And tbe world is craving today for
the simple Gospel of the Man who
Spake as never man spake. The Gospel of love and compassion' and
Hope. A Gospel lhat can bc understood and practised by all. We do
noi want creeds, dogmas or doctrines about Christ. We waul Him,
ami His spirit to. permeate our lives,
and sweeten them. "Come unto Me
all ye that weary, and are heavy
laden, and I will give you rest," has
an unexplainable attractiveness for
the poor in spirit and the faint of
heart   of  all   time.
'  The  Working  Man's  Friend
W'e have often been taunted with
the remarks thai The Jesus of lhe
Gospel was only a working man. He
had no education, and so, what real
contribution could He make to the
world's good? "Is not this the carpenter?" has often been asked, and
almost always in the same spirit.
And yet He spake as never man
spake. Lowliness of station is not
exclusive of the highest gifts, nor
incompatible with the highest culture, nor inimical to the highest usefulness. "You may," says one, "be
carpenter and prophet, carpenter and
poet, just as you can be house-drudge
and angel." And as a working man,
Jesus has brought himself into sympathetic relations with the great
masses of mankind. He speaks to
them as no one else can. He fathomed the depths of humanity, ' and
has given sympathy and succor to
the lowly and neglected. His mission into this world was to be a Bro-
ther and Friend to man. Through
the tiring and toilsome state of a
peasant carpenter, he showed the
universal, permanent and ever increasing significance of the genius of
the Christian religion. In a quiet
and unostentatious way he demonstrated the great ethical value of His
Gospel and by clean and clear reasoning was able to prove how superior the new order was to that of the
Pharisees and Sadducees. His keen
insight into tbe heart of human nature  enabled  Him  to  speak  to    the
men ol all times as never man spake.
ii lias been punned out that l be
originality oi jesus consists tn tins,
thai lie nail the teeling lor what was
true aud eternal amid a chaotic in.ia_,
ui rubbish, and thai ile enunciated
il wiui ine greatest emphasis. ' i he
positiveness oi Jiis assertions, and
llie authority with winch lie mace
ihem gives US the right to claim,
that He spake as never man spake,
ine 1 say unto you'' of the Gospels,
gives force and deep meaning lo the
tilings which are contained therein.
1 be moral law becomes through
Christ The will of the personal
lather, and to Jesus is given the peculiar power to make his moral
teaching effective in the lives of men.
The ��� greatest contribution that
Jesus makes to ethics and religion
is Himself. No personality can for
an instant be placed beside his as
worthy of comparison with him, and
just in ihis fact lies ihc greal, peculiar unique contribution of Jesus
to Ihe moral and religious life. He
has spoken with authority to all. To
the ignorant, he gives counsel with
kindly consideration. To the guilty,
He brought a message of mercy and
hope. Uf His enemies, He -spoke
tenderly and without bitterness. On
all thc mysteries of life lie has given
us interpretations clear and bright.
Ile has taken tbe sling out of death,
and to those in doubt, despair or
grief lie has given the only permanent message of peace and comfort
truth there is no certainty apart from
that the world bas ever heard. In
Him and the priceless service. He
has rendered the souls of men is
that lie lifted faith for ever out of
the realm of speculation into that
of intuition, and has made it sure and
abiding, for all wdio have eyes to see
His glory, and hearts lo understand
His love. Ile spake as never man
all  tbe  newspapers  of  the  world,  by
furnishing  free    copy  of  interesting
evangelistic   matter,     aimed   directly
at  the  conversion  of  the  soul.     Ibis
gentleman offers $5,<KX. in case $50,-
I i;<>  is  raised  lo  make  a  fair  trial  in
Japan.  Korea and China, and at least
$l-5,000   more,   in   case   $1,(KX.,.XK)     is
Contributed     by   all     Christians,     to
prosecute   the   work   among  all     nations  except   the   L'nited   States.    As
this  work  is  to  be   world-wide    and
exceedingly economical, all lovers  of
! the Lord, in all churches, are invited
to contribute liberally to this method
of   winning  the  world  to  Christ.     A
column   in   a   secular     weekly    news
i paper for a year would cost but little
' and   would   reach   a   grcat   multitude
l of readers, many of  whom could not
be   reached   in   any   other   way,    and
would  yield  great  results under    the
> blessing of  God."
Some interesting views on the
liquor problem are expressed by
Mrs. Lloyd George in nn article
under lhe title of "Our Most Deadly
Enemy," which appears in "Answers."
Thc question of how to deal with
the trouble of the nation has, she
says, become more and more important and insistent, and she does
not profess to say how far the endeavors and schemes to deal with it
have  been  successful.
"Hut 1 do think that the diminution of the sale and consumption of
alcholic liquors is neither, so great
nor so universal as we have every
right to expect, seeing the strain and
tension of the nation, and remembering all the warnings and sound
advice which have been given by
competent and influential counsellors
in tbis matter. Parliament can do a
great deal towards helping forward
lhe solution of this problem. It bas
done much since the war began, but
could do very much more. It will,
later on, when the war is over, if not
before, have to tackle the thing thoroughly. Hut we men and women, as
individuals, also can dp far more
than we imagine by our example, by
our advice, by'our help, by our de-
terninied resolve that all excessive
drinking���if not all the drink traffic
���shall be put down.
Whether it can be done best by
local option, as it is called, or by-
direct national control, or by civic
management, or by greatly lessening
the number of public-houses, or by
restricted hours, I do not pretend to
suggest. But 1 do know that, if we
are to prosper as wc ought to do
after the war, the thing must be
done. And I trust all women vvill
be ready and resolved to do their
part. 1 cannot conceive of anything
which would more insure the glory
and triumph of our nation in commerce, iu an, in literature, in a high
standard of life, than the conquest
of England's greatest and most terrible enemy���drink. We shall have
an unique Opportunity���the chance of
a lifetime���when this war is over and
our land has to begin a new life. Let
us see lu it that we grasp this opportunity, and that wc set our faces
towards the 'Vision Splendid' right
Irom  the start."
Each one has a gift entrusted for
use. It may be as a treasure hid in
lhe field, or as the lost piece of the
necklet, which thc woman swept the
bouse to find. Hut it must bc found
and used, or we shall incur the serious displeasure of the Lord when He
comes to reckon with us.���F. B.
Are you where God would have
you be If not, come out and at once,
for you certanily ought not to he
there. If you are, then be afraid to
complain of circumstances which
God has ordained on purpose to
work out in you the very image and
likeness of His Son.���Mark Guy
The daily press is not being neglected as a medium by which religious information may be carried to
the public, as the "weekly sermons,"
the "go-to-cluirch-Siinday," and other
publicity campaigns show. Now an
organized movement to spread
Christianity in non-Christian lands
through the newspapers is on foot.
It is thus briefly described by the
Pittsburg   Christian   Advocate:
"Inspired by the convictions and
sacrifices of a Christian gentleman,
who is not a Methodist, the Board
of Foreign Missions of the Methodist Episcopal church is now developing a plan to preach  Christ  through
Xew Americans must read the
Bible before they enter lhe United]
Stales, according to the decision of
the Department of Labor. Passages
will be selected from more than one
hundred languages and dialects, says
a Washington dispatch to the New
York Sun. Tbe department thus explains its choice for the literacy test:
"This is not because lhe Bible is
considered a sacred book by many
neople. but because it is now the
only book in virtually every tongue.
Translations of the Bible were made
bv eminent scholars, and, what is
niore to the point, the translating
was done by men whose purpose it
was to put the Bible in such simple
and idomatic. expressions in the various foreign languages as would
make it possible for the common
people of foreign countries to grasp
the meaning readily and thoroughly."
TAKE NOTICE that a special generat
meeting ot the Brltlah Columbia Loggers' Association will be held at 822
lingers Building, Vancouver, B. C��� on
Tuesday, the 29th day of May. 1917. at
7:30 p.m., for the purpose of considering and, If deemed advisable, passing
Die following resolution:
That the British Columbia Loggers"
Association hereby abandon the objects of the Association as set out ir*
Clause 2 of the declaration riled on tht
2nd day of May, 1907, and adopt the
following In lieu thereof:
I. To promote the interests and welfare of the Province of British Columbia in respect of the Logging Industry.-
2 To bring together the persons interested In lhe Logging business as set
out In the Bylaws, as eligible for membership;
,1. To consider ways and means for
the betterment of their condition and
for the promotion of their business and
the Logging Business generally ' ll*
Brilish Columbia:
4. To make such arrangements as
the Association shall deem expedient
with similar Societies or Associations
within or outside the limits of Hritish
Columbia Tor the interchange of Informal Ion relative to the Logging industry;
5 To regulate as nearly as may be
practicable, and as may be properly*
and legally done the output of Forest
Products, to conform to the demands-
nnd requirements ot the Manufacturers;
ti. To devise ways and means, if possible, conjointly with the Manufacturers and others, whereby uniformity in
the classification and scale of logs.,
spars, piles, bolts and timber may be
established and maintained;
7. To use every effort to secure, as-
far as may be properly and legally
done, a uniform schedule of prices for
said Forest Products:
8. To provide ways and means for
raising the necessary money to pay
and defray expenses incurred In carrying out the objects of this Assocla-
9. To maintain an office In the City*
of Vancouver for the collection of Information relative to the Industry and
for lhe general benefit of the Assocla-
ic! To promote legislation for the
betterment of conditions in the Logging Industry, and to use all proper
means to prevent the passage of legislation Inimical  to same:
II. To promote eo-operatlon between
the Loggers and the Manufacturers or
12. To promote the sale of wood
products, and to discourage the use of
suilbslllules   therefor.
DATED al Vancouver, B. C��� the .Ira
dav of April, 1917.
SEALED TENDERS will bo received
hy the Minister of Lands not later
than noon on the 1st day of June,
1917, for the purchase of License
X 938. lo cut 972,000 feet of Cedar.
Hemlock and Balsam on an area ad-
Joining Lot 774. Broughton Island.
Range  1,  Coast District.
One (1) year will be allowed for
removal   of  timber.
Further particulars of the Chief
Forester, Victoria, B. C or District
Forester,  Vancouver.  B.  C.
IN  THE  MATTER  of Application  No.
31388 T   and
IN THE MATTER of  the title to Lot
17,   North   of   3-4     Block    "B"     and
South   1-2   Block   "C,"     District   Lot
704. Map No. 1960.
WHEREAS application has been
made for a Certificate of Indefeasible
Title to the above mentioned lands inr
the name of William John Adair:
AND WHEREAS on Investigating the
title lt appears that you were the
holder of a right to purchase the said
lands, under an unregistered Agreement for Sale, dated 2nd February,
NOW THEREFORE, I hereby give
yon notice that it is my Intention at
the expiration of fourteen (14) d>ys
from the service on you of this notice
(which may be effected by publication in "The Standard" for 5 consecutive issues), to effect registration in
pursuance of the said application,
free from the above mentioned
Agreement for Sale, unless you take
nnd prosecute the proper proceedings
to establish your claim, if any, to-
said lands, or to prevent such proposed  action  on  my  part.
Dated nt the Land Registry Office,
Vancouver, B. C, this 12th dny of"
April.   A.D.,   1917.
District Registrar.
To:    Joseph  S. Merson.
___*_��.. ���ATL'K^^BIHK,   1917
By  Telephone
Milady's Gossip
These are days of speed. People demand
rapidity in everything. The jitney found a
place in urban traffic because ii pave
quicker transportation. The automobile
revolutionized commercial conditions.
But, faster than all is the telephone. The
field <>r the telephone is not circumscribed
���anywhere, everywhere, il is all the same
tn the telephone.   And all in a moment, too.
No necessity to travel, even by the fastest carriers, when you have the telephone.
i Ions :ription though not yet an
actuality, "ill almost assuredly be
io in .1 very shorl lime, and tlmse
women that have held lack their
sons, husbands, sweethearts or brothers will fjuile :i- assuredly re-
proacli themselves that they have
laid   llieir  men  open   to  stigma.
Thai vv.niieii shi uld hate bloodshed
nnd  ihe  attendant  horros and  cruel-
I tics of war ii Inn natural; also lhat
they should exer'l all iheir influence
they possess againsl it, hut at the
same time it must he remembered
that they admire above all things
courage in men. It is the hard struggle of idealism���love of home and
-li .hi ess against instinct, for it is
instinct, an old and deeply inherent
one that even now as in the ages of
the primitive people, acknowledges
it to be the rightful pan of the man
in do his share iu the fighting when
need arrives, to protect those he
loves  from harm.
The man who would not fight in
early limes was pul lo death; as being no fit member of the community,
so, today, he suffers the scorn of his
fellow men. Women would rather
know their men to be anything but
cowards: at the same time their love
aud dependence wages bitter war
against the knowledge that tlieir men
should do their duty.
li is the lot nf women that tliey
suffer always alone���the man is left
far behind���anil in the dread experience of seeing their beloved ones go
forth io face death al duty's call, only
wives and mothers can kn -vv lhe untold agony of suffering it entails.
l.ei the women of Canada then add
yet another to their "crown of virtues.'' perhaps lhe greatest of all
������������:!'''i."*' :'   : -: :!:!!i;':l::_ .        .���' v- - ������;,, ��� .,  : "'i;:;v-"���; :   -^j
The Street Railway's Problems
Are YOUR Problems
The increased cost of operation, together
with unfair competition are preventing the
street railway from making a fair return on
its investment.
The tendency is to add expenses by means
of taxation and other restrictions upon a
public utility company.
There can be only one result of this���poorer
quality of service to the public.
A street railway requires continually to be
repaired and renewed. .Unless a fair return
is assured, its ability to give service wlil
It is in, new thing for women to
show courage aud at this critical
time in our nation's history they
have nut ami will not fail tn answer
the call. Out of this terrible carnival
| of death is rising, nut only mi tllc
battle field but here amongst the
women sueh a spirit of heroism ami
glorious, uncomplaining sacrifice as
shall  never be effaced.
* * *
The useless woman of frivolity and
artificiality are perchance disappearing for ever, lor they are working
now for others, and surely finding
life more full of satisfaction than
ever before. The war is acting as a
great melting pot, changing and
equalising social values. burning
down barriers which we fervently
hope  will never be rebuilt.
* * *
Women's work in the world has
always received less recognition
than any other, bul they are imw vindicating their right to every consideration, 'There are more than 25,000
women working iu Trance as porters,
cleaners, conductors and agents. According to the statement of the
Railway Gazette they give all satisfaction, arc more efficient than men,
also they handle' a crowd with less
friction. One fault is that they are
inclined to take more risks, showing
less  fear of the  trains.
Mr. Lloyd George has ou more
than one occasion paid splendid tribute to the work done by women,
and the part they arc playing iu lhe
winning of the war. Wc pause to
think of the wonderful and hitherto
unsounded depths of capacity that
have been lying dormant, clipped and
restricted  by  artificialities,
Xow the women nf Canada vvill be
given their chance to make good, and
add to their own burdens the work
of father, husband or brother. As
far as possible they should undertake work most suited lo the capabilities. Stalwart women accustomed to domestic work should undertake the rough muscular labor, and
lei tbe woman of less robust physique and perhaps higher developed
mental qualities take tllat
they are most fitted.
mental qualities take that
they  are  most  fitted
I!   lill���*ill!lll!!ll!��illillll!llllllii��lilfiilillliia ..
we Have a good assortment,
won't you look them over?
- * Corner Homer and Hastings St.
Fugler & Mackinnon
Magazine, Music, and Book
binders to the trade
Loose Leaf Systems
PHONE Sey. 3691 319 PENDER ST.
|directly at the rool of principles
.'. hi i form so vital a pari in tin- s
.."li.. foundations of our Empire,!
namely, tin- perfeel home life conditions, ,i- '/.ill as the accepted religious standards ol ihe British people.
li i- In tter ihnl child life be fostered
ami   given   every   care   bv    iln-   -late.
I that   there   may   be   fewer   underfed,
undcrclad,  underwarmed  little es.
In   "liter  vv-r'ls.   quality   H"I   quantity
Will I..- the greater need. Infant mortality has always been at a high rate.
Statistics tell us that of the 875.000
children horn in the United Kingdom
| in    1915   over     KiO.OOO     died     before
land "tiler years show much the same
reaching tbe age of twelve months.
percentage. Surely tbe repopulation
of the -tate vvill be well commenced
when   all   its   energies     are   directed
I ("ward-   bringing   tins     death      rate
| lower.
Shall  Women  Agree  on   Weekly
Fast   Day
Shall the women of Vancouver
voluntarily adopt a weekly meatless
and potatoeless day?
The  idea has already  been discussed  at  a  meeting    of  the     .Municipal;
Chapter,   Imperial   Order   Daughters!
of tlie Empire, following the    move-1
ment   suggested   by   the     Provincial
I Irder in Ontario.  While no decision
has been reached  it may be assumed
lhat  Canadian   women   are  alive    to
llie   necessity   for   economy   and     to
the   importance    of  the    part    that
I housewives   play   in   tbis   connection,
j Should   such   steps   become   advisable.
I it   will   be   very   creditable   if   women
voluntary   agree     on   a   specific     ami,
drastic    economy    without    Govern-
I ment  compulsion.
At the same lime it is. a great deal
, easier in do what has to be done
than lhal which is left to individual
I initiative. Economy in the wrong
| direction is no economy at all. The
meatless day in Great Britain was,
not an unqualified success as it
cause'! a greater ilc_inand in a direction where the need of economy was!
stricter. The most cursory student
of economics knows lhat results are J
what count. It is useless to dismiss!
a domestic if it means that one more
person will bc looking for an unproductive job. Tlie voluntary worker.!
too, musl be sure that he or she is
an   additional   worker.
Thc women of Ontario appear to
think that effective action can best
bc attained by Government control.
The Women's civic league of Winnipeg has made representations to Ottawa asking for government food and
fuel control. An appeal to women
has been issued by the Ontario Provincial Order of the Daughters of
the Empire for a vJeekly meatless
and polatoless day. and that no lamb
or veal bc used by housewives at any
I tu
* * *
The Vicountcss Wolsley has done
much in England to Irge women to
take up gardening and farm work:
she begs those lhat "hear the call of
tin land not to push it one side."
and tbe need fur land labor will he
most urgent. For long after the war
is over we may make up our minds
that conditions vvill be bad���lhe hardest tinle will come then. Everyone
will be poorer than ever before, the
prices of necessaries will remain
high, at any rate until things have
undergone some attempts at readjustment, and the competition for
work will be keener than ever. To
know that this will be so. wc have
only to look back over the histories
of past great wars and sec the number of years it has taken to bring
things back to anything like a normal
* * i.
Are women physically fit to stand
the strain of these years with impunity? Are their bodies equal to
their courage? If not the question
of equality between man and woman
will rage with more violence than
ever, for they vvill never willingly be
pushed back to the routine of home
dependency after their taste of power
Should they prove themselves capable and strong surely then they will
be granted the position they have so
long striven for and so well deserved.
But, after all, who can tell? When
the exaltation produced by tbe need
of their services and the-strain of
war has passed, perhaps the great
majority will bc glad to subside into
the smooth, protected haven of home
life, giving their sole attention to
tbe care of their children.
The re-ponulation of the state is
being brought forward as a vital
question. Thc possibility of polygamy has been advanced, but that,
one feels confident, is an innovation
which would never bc seriously considered for one moment by the people  of   Britain,   for  it   would     strike
Urges Thriftier Habits
Toronto women are paying special
heed to Dr. Hastings, medical health
officer of that city, who is quoted
thus in the Toronto Daily Star:
"Anyone who has given serious
thought to the food problem cannot
hul be convinced that if not averted
by well organized and prompt action
a footl famine is unavoidable, aud
that in the near future." Dr. Hastings urges thriftier habits of buying
and eating, and immediate mobilization- of available resources. Many .if
the women's societies have endorsed
the principle of the conscription of
wealth; they might now advantageously press for mobilization and
control  of food  and  fuel.
Woes of Lady "Helps" Get Into the
Any   kind   of  notice   is   a   good  advertisement,  and   if   tlie     Progressive
Houseworkers' League bas been ridiculed in Some directions, it bas taken
a  step  into the  limelight.    An  indefatigable  exponent  of  the  rights    of
the   down   trodden     presented     their
communication   t"   the  Labor  Council
land  objected  vvith  proper indignation
when J,he   elaborate   proposals     coil-
| tained   therein   were   filed.     It   could
I hardly  be  expected  that  a  body    of
mere  males  could  deal  with  so  delicate   a   subject  as   the   relations    of
j mistress  and   maid,  or  to  express  it
i more   tactfully,   woman   of  lhe   house,
land lady help.    There are some professions   and   occupations   where     an
! eight   hour  day  will   always   be     im-
i practicable,   and   domestic     labor     is
! surely  one  of  these.     At   the    same
I time  there  is  room   for improvement
i in conditions faced by a domestic em-
I ployce, and also  in  the qualifications
! of the average "lady help." A pretty
j talc   of   incompetence,   and   lack     of
1 knowledge   of   tbe   ordinary   requirements     of  an     ordinary     household,
! could bc unfolded by many a distracted wife and mother:  finally driven to
'the  alternative  of a   heathen   Chinee.
I A chat with lhe proprietors of board-
| ing houses, as well  as tbe heads    of
households, will  convince the  skentic
that  the  grievances are  not  confined
to one side.
! work,  or  looking  after  tin    nei   -
i iheir  own  soldier  bi ';��� s.
Prizes Awarded for Shakesperian
An extremely interesting function
.,:- held in the auditorium of tbe
Aberdeen school on Tuesday evening
last when tiie prizes offered i"r the
Shakesperian essays were distributed
tl eir w innei -. The chair was
taken by Mr A. Dunbar I aj 1 >r, K
C. who al-o presented the awards.
With oik- exception, that ol iortl
\ .-ni'-''iiver Iligh Schol, thc sui i ���
ful essays were tlu- work uf girl-, and
in iln- case, i" . ol the a unpetiti m
open to the proi im i . the first and
second prizes were won by ladies.;
They were :i- follows: University "f
British Columbia students. 1-t prize
won by Mi-- Car 'line Munday, who,
we much regret lo -late died aboul
the ver> time the re>-.ilt was made
Vancouver High Schools. Prizes
donated by the Board of School
Trustees. 1-t prize. Mi-- Dorothy
Blakey, King Edward High School;
ind prize. .Miss Sadie Edwards and I
Mi>- Gladys Gale, Britannia High
School. In ilii- section 120 essays
were written, out of which sixteen
were    selected   by   the   adjudicators.
North Vancouver High School. 1st
prize. Mr. Arthur G. I'.rim: honorable
mention, Miss Rita Harnett. Prizes
donated by North Vancouver Board
of School Trustes. Eighteen essays
were  sent in.
South Vancouver High School, 1st
prize, Miss Marjorie Sing: 2nd prize.
Miss Grace Franklin. Prize- donated by South Vancouver Hoard of
School Trustees. Eight essays sent
Point Grey High School. 1-t prize.
Miss Vida Abbott; 2nd prize. Miss
Dorothj   l.ockie.
Oneii compeittion. 1st prize. Miss
I-'.. M. Blackmore; 2nd prize. Miss
Irene   C.   Dukes.
A musical programme was provided which included a pianoforte
solo by Mr. Sidney Deane, an
propriate Shakesperian son
pupils of Mrs. McNeil. I"..- i
scene from "Thc Taming
Shrew" was given by Miss
Tattersall, .-ind the quarrel scene
from Julius Caesar was excellently
performed in costume by Mr. \\ . R,
Dunlop and Mr. Francis Bursill.
Some of the prize winning essays
were read by their authors.
Before the singing of the  National
Anthem   a   short  address   was   given
by  Mr.  McKim of the School  I', aid
which     contained       some       remarks
hardly   to  be   described     as     tactful,
which    indeed   displayed     a      certain
amount   of  ignorance  of  tin-   subject
in   band.     They   were   to   the   effeel
that   he   could   not   understand     how
Shakespeare  cBllld   have   risen   to   his
supreme   heights     and     written     his j
noble  works when  he  was  born   and i
lived   in   such   a   miserable   place     as I
Stnitford-on-Avon.      which.     so      he!
(Mr.   McKiml   understood   bad   only
a sleepy sort of river, and a   ivw  old,
tnmbered  houses.     It   would  be    as
well that sonic day  Mr.  McKim  were,
to   visit   England,    and    incidentally |
Warwickshire,   the   garden   of     England, that he might judge  lor himself
of  that  scenery  which   was  so  fitting!
a background and  inspiration   fur  tlie
greatest   of  all   poets,   and   thai     he!
may  understand a little of the  refining   influence   of   antiquity   am!     fine
old   traditions.     If   Mr.   McKim   fails!
i"   understand   how   splendid   characters   and   lofty   ideals   call   arise   from j
lowly   surroundings   he   has   only    to
study the lives of many of our great I
men.   including  the   One   great   exam-1
pie whose humble birthplace    vvas    ;1
stable. "
i i ide
���     ., i  be  had  in  a -  -
-hade-. ! is shown a little .-t.i
. ' ,,i frock made of tins mal
w ith    oil -  .tnd licit  ���
silk   harmoni nisly     iu   c lor-,
wii-  ,i   greyish   blue;    ami    a    more
n inarj   wear    no
'.'- heart could desire. Another
orded suiting,
of  iln-   straight       it-frocj   or-
ollar,   I.i-li   and   cuffs   em-
��� -had. -   of   the
same i   : luches of sil
Thi i ��� wen I e r:���_��� 111 hats t" -vear
with these frocks to . thi one was
a plain hat of iln- large sailor shape,
of  a   ci arsi    ��� ��� dda   straw,  lined   un-
ib iii.- brim -.vuh a fine tagal,
ib,- edge of brim being bound _t_i
ribbon, and a  ribbon band   with ill
bow in fri m comprising the si le
trimming. Tin- other hal wa- a
smaller, closer fitting -hap.', high in
the crown, the brim coming well
down in mushroom shape. It
made of stitched -ilk. lined underneath with a contrasting color, and
tied around with a ...ft satin ribbon
into a bow at lhe side, the end- of
which left a little long hung slightly
over   the   brim   edge.
Too Indolent to Register
Bj the way it makes my iieart
ache to think bow many women
there are iu this city that were too
indolent, or too thoughtless, i" register their vote last week. Women
of intelligence, too, in whose hands
a vo;,- -.-.- uld he used vvith due con-
sideration and thought. Why this
indifference and lack of interest in
the affairs of our country? I- it
lhat   these   rights   have   been   for   so
long withheld from us | r females,
that vve can feel no responsibility
outsidt our homes, or can it be that
the tl: i-li- "i main- women arc
even now upii d only with trivili-
tn--' thai they di not realize that a
keen am. vital interest and a -hare
"i responsibility in it- welfare must
be taken by every man and woman
before the promise of such a future
a- liii- country surely hold-, can
ev er ': car  fruition.
The Mikado
\ most enjoyable production of
th.- ever popular aud favorite comic
opera ''Tiie Mikado" was given on
Thursday and Friday evenings, and
,vill In- repeated thi- evening at tbe
Avenue Theatre, tiie proceeds to go
toward- the Province Tobacco Fund,
Patriotic I-'und of tin- Daughters of
the Empire, Pauline Johnson Chaptel
Mr. \rthur J. Foxall was responsible for the performance which
moved merrily throughout, and the
stage management vvas in the hands
of  Mr.  R,  C.  Reed.
Tin- play was well mounted and
costumed. 'The singing and acting
throughout was most creditable, the
humor being given with point and
appreciation, keeping the audience
well  amused.
The tenor role. Nanki-Poo, was in
the capable hands of Mr. Foxall,
while the heroine Vum-Yum was
brightlv played bv Miss lean Ron-
ece. Mr. James Wallace an.I Mr.
Frank Browne were both very good
as K"-K" and Poo-Bay, while Kate-
isha was nlaved with understanding
Iiy   Miss   Kathleen   Macdonald.
Should Bridge Be Stopped
Considerable criticism has been
expressed against the practice of
clubs and societies holding bridge
competitions for patriotic purposes.
Card playing is an unproductive occupation, therefore, it is argued, it
should have no place in war time activities. On the otber hand, it is
claimed that a vast amount of money
is collected on these occasions.
Again it has been said that money
is spent on clothes for a bridge tea
which might otherwise have been
saved. This may hctrue. but at any
rate it puts money in circulation, and
a certain amount of relaxation is
necessary for everybody. Two hours
at bridge is hardly an exxcess of
amusement out of the twelve or fourteen hour day that many women average, engaged as they arc in multitudinous household duties, Red Cross
The Dress Question
"Tie time has surely come vv
:iie attention oi most women, ;.t
rate ol tin- women of intelligence,
ami who have llie welfare ol lie:;
country at heart, will be given t
the dress question only its simplest
form, and that which is at once practical   and  useful.
Conscription, stares us in tin- face
our men will be needed for service,
and llie Canadian women vvill now,
without doubt, follow the example of
llieir sisters in the mother country,
and in France, fill the vacant places
I" the best of their ability, .-on' keep
the wheels of business running
smothly until the war is ended. And
for the large army of women who
vvill come forward I'or this purpose, i
dress will not need to be less ln-
ci'ining. becau.se common sense, com-!
fort ami utility are considered in the
'lhe  ready-to-wear  one-piece dress;
fit- the need perfectly, while the easy1
fitting  looseness  of  all  garments  at!
tlu- moment, has undoubtedly originated  in   the  search  for  comfort    and
freedom   of  movement,     which     the
greal dress artists have so successfully combined with elegance and charm !
It   is   no, longer   the   "make   believe"!
simplicity  of  expensive   cut   and     ex- j
quisite   touches   of .embroidery   trim-]
millg  sent   from   Paris;   it   is   the   real
economical and useful  simplicity  that
is  wanted.
Paris, the grcat centre of fashion.
has of course been making interesting aud beautiful models, but the
market has been to the United
States, whose coffers have been so |
well filled of late, tllat fashion and
luxury   have  attained   to  high   levels.
The women of France, themselves.
the women that count in their country's history, have attired themselves
only in garments suitable in color,
fabric and cut. to the needs of the
moment, and the demands of their
individaul work. The shop windows
of London. I am told, have never
been so interesting as at present.
Instead of the usual array of 'Spring
ami Summer Fashions" displaying
all sorts of wonderful and sometimes
fearful originalities of line and coloring, one sees, only tbe plain, workmanlike One-pice frock, or the jersey
Now America has joined the great
cause, and wc shall find the American women noted always for her cap-
abilitv and resource, putting her
shoulder to the wheel in her country's cause, and altering herself in
non-luxurious  useful   smartness.
The most delightful frocks can  bc
The  Pools of Peace
Tin-   little   I'ools-iif-I'i ace   lie   far
From dust)   ways  of  Noon,
Along the winding paths of Sleep
1" where the lull- of Twillight  keep
I ile gardens  oi  Cn-   Moon.
When  night  conn-  softly   down     the
And   light-   each   vvaitiing   -tar.
The  Minstrels of the  Moon  plaj   low
For dancing feet  of  winds that go
T"  those -lill  pools afar.
Tht   little Winds-of-Dreams go swift
And   scatter   with   light   hands
The   Dust-of-Dreams    to    -cal     thc
i if  those   -.��� li"  v. i.iry  of  thc  liybt
Nmi   -eek   for   Elfin   lauds.
(I.   follow   then   the   little   winds
Along those shadowy ways
And   find   the   Pools-of-Peace   that   lie
So  fair beneath  the  dreaming  sky
So  far  from  dusty  dav-.
- -��-^___^���
Continued from  Page < Ine
a scconuary position. So Sir Richard
pined .n secret for the freedom ��� f
tlu- mountains and tlie eastness of
thc seas "1 the far west, ami resigned.
It is no reflection on Sir Richard
lhat he could not fit in v ith English
standards. Many other prominent
Canadians ami Australians have felt
ju-i the same way m dear oh! London. Joe Martin is restless even
when tliey are not alluding to him
:1s a "superfluous politician": Sir
Max Aitken is much too full of dynamite to be really welcome at
shooting parties; Sir Robert Borden
heaves a big sigh of relief when lie
sees tbe green shores of Erin fading
in lhe distance, ami even Courtly Sir
Wilfrid Laurier is happier away troni
the burning Strand, llamar Greenwood and Sir Gilbert Parker are apparently acclimatized by this time,
but they are of a different type, antl
more truly English in their sentiments.
We are told that there is a possibility that Sir Richard may re-enter
political life in this province. There
is no possibility about that: it is a
foregone conclusion. But whether
he will enter Federal politics or be
satisfied wilh taking a secondary
position in British Columbia affairs,
is now pure speculation. There is
certainly not a faint chance that Mr.
W. J. Bowser vvill abandon the leadership ol the remnant of the once
powerful Conservative party am!
hand over the reins to the former
premier, for, though publicly Mr.
Bowser may say nice things of Sir
Richard, privately be long since decided that he would call the tune in
future. From now on he is going to
he the boss, in name as well as in
faet. SIX
SATURDAY,   MAY   -���     191
Gilt? ^tattftarfc
Published every Snturday at 4215   Homer Street. Vancouver
Telephone Seymour  470
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To at! point-, In Caimda. UntOMl  Kingdom. Newfoundland
Mew Zealand and oilier  Hritish   lM3_i.-.ssioni:
Popi^;;e to American.  ESuropfiAU  ana other foreljjn counlrle*
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The  Standard   will   bo  delivered   to  any   addiern  in   Van
eouvt-r or rtolnlty at ten centf a month.
Member of the Canadian  Pre -h ASHnclatlon.
Tbe Standard, wilh which ij* incorporated the Saturdn>
Cbinoolc, circulates in Vancouver and the cities, towns, villages and settlements throughout British Columbia. It
politics the paprr is ind'-pcndenl Liberal.
 Tin- Standard Company
,The Sta ndard J����b Department
Phone Seymour 9086
We Write Insurance in Sound, Reliable Companies.
Dow Fraser Trust Co.
122 Hastings St. West.        McKay Station, Burnaby
0>JE   OF   THE
OFFICES IN      /      k
WESTERN   / <*^
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Canadian Financiers Trust Co.
Incorporated 1907. First Company to obtain Registration under the B. C. Trust Companies' Act.
(Certificate No. 1)
Executor, Administrator, Trustee under Wills,
Mortgages, Marriage Settlements, Receiver, Liquidator and Assignee, Fiscal Agent for Municipalities
for sale of Debentures, Registrar and Transfer
Agent for Companies, Agent for Real Estate and
collection of Rents.   Insurance and Investment.
839 Hastings Street West
Money at Home to Spend Abroad
Referring to tlie reported lack nf capital for industrial purposes in llritish Columbia, the "Victoria
Colonist" points out that tliis is one of the results of
the flotation of propositions which for various reasons found their way into the hands of receivers, to
the injury of the name of the province as a field foi
investment. Another is that tlie profits on large investments, when successful, are enjoyed by non-residents, and thc third is tliat a group of men. on the
lookout for opportunities for industrial development
is not called into existence, with the result that a
person having any industrial proposition in British
Columbia does not know where to look for capital
"We have seen in Spokane," says the "Colonist,"
"how it is possible to build up a group of industrial
investors. Most of the wealth of the very prosperous
American city has been derived from the exploitation
of Canadian natural wealth."
During the past twenty-five years at least five
hundred million dollars paid out in the province has
been sent out of the province for food products that
could have been raised at home, so, that it is really
open to doubt if Hritish Columbia is much better off
foe the industrial expansion it has enjoyed during
that period. What that country needs is that wealth
shall be created within its borders and remain there.
Slower progress accomplished by our own people, by
their own money, would be a much greater thing than
a more rapid progress due to the investments of foreign capital.
Making good is simpK
making good demands.
making the sacrifice thai
U. S. Uniform War Risk Policy
Representative? ot' United Slates life insurance niia-
I'lmii- who luit recently in conference with a special
committee oi State Insurance Commissioners in New
Vork,decided upon a uniform war risk policy which is
t<< Ih- recommended ior national adoption, Thv clause
which, affects the soldier, sailor and marine most is the
stipulation between the companies that no concern shall
charge less than S.?7.5ti mi each $1,000 of insurance ior
thc  extra  war  premium;
Tin- committee oi seven members selected hy the 15(.
insurance men was chosen Iiy the committe nf commissioners which had been designated hy the National Convention ni Insurance Commissioners, held 4n Des Moines,
April is, tu handle the new war situation, When the
committee agreed upon a general form uf policy which
in its i,pinion would he sufficiently elastie lu he practical
fur the -mall as well as the lar,t;e companies, the conclusions were put in letter form to he addressed tu the Insurance Commissioners uf all the States, and all the
The agreement reached, while in no sense binding,
reflects the judgment uf the insurance men, and it was
the opinion of the men present at the conference that it
would he generally adopted with slight modifications
according to the financial standing af the companies and
the varying State-insurance laws. The covenants agreed
upon  were:
(11 The military clause shall cover the entire period
of military or naval service, in time uf war, if commenced
within time    nf the register date.
|2) The clause shall call for ''such extra premiums
as may he fixed hy the company." , '
(3) Thc extra premium charged for lhe present' shall
be at the rate of not less than $.17.50 per annum per
$I,(XK) nf insurance.
(4) In the event of death during service nr within
six months after termination thereof, the liability nf the
company, shall, unless all required extra premiums have
heen paid he limited tn an amount not exceeding the
total premium paid on the policy exclusive of any extra
premiums which may have been paid fur military nr
naval service.
(5) The clause shall require payment of the extra
premium within thirty-one days after entering upon service, oy if already in service, along with the first premium on the policy.
^6) A refund will be made uf any extra premiums
nut required.
Fire Insurance Expenses
Thv legislatures in tin- L'nited States and Canada
are always agitating about insurance rate-, and tin
expense of conducting iln* business, bm never dn anything to reduce the expense.    On ihc Other hand, b)
abor entailed in giving
additional taxation, and tlic
additional details in needless and innumerable statements required by each slate in the L'nited States,
and cadi province in Canada, thc insurance companies
find an increasing outgo in expenses instead of a
At hist one government has tackled this problem.
The Stale of ( htecnsland. Australia, has be legislation controlled llie commission expense by limiting
thc maximum commission, whether to one or more
persons, to 10 per cent, and that only persons licensed
In receive thc same as brokers or agents. Any person
not licensed as a broker or agent accepting a commission is liable to a penalty of ��100. The payment to
a general agent is limited to 5 per cent, to one such
managing agent in the northern district of Queensland and thc same to one managing agent in the
central district.
On the other hand, tlie stock companies' tariffs
rales are reduced by 20 per cent.*, unless results in any
district or class show the need of increased rates.
This reduction of 20 percent, is offset partly by the
above saving in commission and partly by prohibiting
the discount of 10 per cent, to insured. This 10 per
cent, discount by stock companies has been the practice for years past to compete with the discount oil-onus granted by the mutual companies out of their
profits. Now thc mutual companies will quote tbe
same rates as'the stock companies. The result of this
act has been to cut out a large number of brokers and
agents in Queensland to whom insurance was a minor
side line of their business.
Summer Fires
A serious lire hazard is the summer kitchen or
ean-to.    Frequently  there  is  no chimney attached
yet stoves are moved out for the warm season, ani
a stovepipe put through the wall or runt".   This is
verv dangerous practice, and sliuuld not he permitted
Stuve- should be ai least eighteen incites from ai
wooden wall or partition.   The floor should b
cied wilh zinc or iron beiiealh the -love lo catch BI
ive   Coals,   the   covering   should   extend   beyond    ||:
stove lor eighteen inches in front ami ou the side o
which the fire door opens.   Where pipes pass throug
partitions, proper thimbles with air spaces should I
provided,    Brick chimneys should be .used, and the-
should be at  least eight inches thick, and start   froi
a foundation eighteen inches from lhe ground.   If tl
chimney- be lined with tile  forms made for the Dili
po-e.  a  single  brick  thickness  is   satisfactory.     This the only safe way, and, while more expensive, ti
reduction in the fire danger more than compensati
for the added cost.   Again, as insurance conipani
will not knowingly insure a building where a  -lm
pipe passes to tlie outside through a wull Ot roof, :. u
insurer  risks being unable  to colled  the amount     K
his insurance policy.
Farming Co-operation
Decimal System Recommended
"That the British and the overseas Dominions governments should co-operate after'the war to establish
throughout the Empire a uniform coinage based on
the decimal system and uniform weights and measures basetl on thc metric system, is the recommendation, in.their final report, of the Dominion Royal
Commission.   They say :���
"We have studied the discussion on the subject
of currency and coinage laws at the Imperial Conference of 1911.'and have also heard evidence from the
representatives of the Decimal Association and from
witnesses in the Dominions as to the desirability of
introducing metrical weights and measures and a new
style of coinage based on the decimal system..
"The general advantages of these systems arc
recognized; the complications of tlie present arrangements, both in the United Kingdom and in several
of the Dominions, are such that few would undertake
to defend their principles.
"Many of the Dominions, recognizing this, have
passed resolutions in parliament, or even permissive
legislation, in favor of the decimal and metric systems
There is clearly in the Dominions a considerable body
of opinion in favor of this change. So far, however,
all efforts to induce the community in the mother
country to agree to a change have proved unavailing.
We understand that the ^United Kingdom committee
on commercial and industrial policy is now examining the subject."
      t __��� ���	
Serious Effect of Interior Coal Strike
A news despatch from Calgary, under tlate of
Man 21, has the following to say:���
Granby, largest of metal ore smelters of Canada,
located at Grand Forks,.B. C, and handling tlie ores
of many mines of the Boundary country, as well as
those across the international border, has suspended
operations, the cause being a shortage of coke. The
smelter of the Canadian Consolidated Mining &
Smelting Company at Trail, and the smelter at Xorth-
port, Washington, are also said to be so handicapped
for want of coke that they, too, will Ije compelled to
suspend before many days.
The smelters in question, as well as others of
British Columbia, Washington and Montana, receive
their total supply of coke from the Crow's Nest Pass
country; and as the latter plants are closed down
because of labor troubles, the suspension of operations at the other smelters seenis but a question of
hours, days or weeks at tbe latest.
Tlie Granby turns out more copper than any other
plant in Western Canada, so that its suspension will
seriously affect the output of munitions if it continues
for some time, and there is apparently little hope that
it will resume immediately, but rather a belief that
others must follow, and speedily, because of the fact
that all labor discussions as between operators and
men have been cut off abruptly.
 > ^  ���	
Japan's Trade Increase
Of the increase of $200,000,000, or 58 per cent.,
in Japan's merchandise export trade of 1916, a Yokohama letter to the London "Economist" says that it
is due, first, to export of war munitions; second, to
purchases bv the United States, because of ber prosperity ; third to trade with Australasia and tlie Middle
East, which Europe bad formerly controlled ; fourth,
to revival of business activity in China, partly in consequence of the rise in silver.
Co-operative selling and buying requires no argument today to sustain its advantages. Tlie saving
in cost of handling large orders instead of numerous
small ones is recognized by every business house.
The wholesale houses do business on tliis basis, and
are consequently able to seii their goods at much lower
prices. Thc retailer lias to tireak bulk, has many
packages..to weigh out and parcel up, has many accounts to make out antl many orders to record. Over
and above these costs is the very large item of delivery. This item is a serious matter in urban cent res.
but it is much more so in the country for, whether
the dealer delivers them or the farmer drives in for
his supplies, thc cost is there*.
In a recent rural survey of the Commission of
Conservation, among 100 farmers in one township,
it was found that 63 of them lived five miles or more
from a shipping point. Of these 63 farmers, not one
was either selling his produce or buying liis supplies
co-operatively. Each farmer-was driving this ten
miles (5 miles each way) to his market place, covering largely the same ground as liis neighbors, using
his team and wagon, his own time and energy In
many instances the great waste of time and energy
and thc monetary loss clue to the smaller business
transactions might be materially reduced by extension
of the co-operative system.
��� ���_> ���
The Wisdom of the Romanoffs
It would appear that the Russian Royal Family
has been wiser in the matter of investments than in
political foresight. The vast and wealthy private
estates of thc Romanoffs have been seized for the use
of the Russian people, but the ex-Czar and his immediate family are supposed to possess something like
$11,000,000 in securities, which is not exactly poverty.
The Grand Dukes also have nesf eggs, and it is interesting to note that the whole family placcd their investments, not in Russia, but in France, Great Britain
and the l'nited States. Crowned heads���or rather
their financial advisers���everywhere are credited with
a gootl deal of canniness.' The private wealth of the
Sultan of Turkey is rumored *> lie in an enemy country, which one is not stated. The Kaiser was supposed to have considerable holdings in Canada prior
to the war.. Tt was even said that he plunged in
Vancouver real estate, and if the slump here put a
crimp in liis bank account it should be a consolatory
thought to other sufferers.
Expansion of Fishing Industry
ruder the stimulus of exceptionally high price
the   exploitation   and   food   production   of   Catftda
fisheries during the coming year should be  substa
tially increased, despite the absence of many  fish
men on military service.    It is gratifying to note fr
the fishery statistics for lhe last two or tliree yea
that tlie marked decrease in the number of ftshernn
actually fishing in Canadian waters appears to In-
been arrested.    During 1915, as compared with  1";
the  total   number  of   fishermen   increased   by  near
5.000. and the number of persons employed
branches  of  fisheries'  work  was  the  highest
cord.    For many years the development of thc
industry has encountered serious difficulties.
there lias been a steady antl even  rapid growth ;
capital  investment  antl  in  thc  secondary  operatim-
such  as  canning,   similar progress  has   imt  been  ::
evidence  witli  regard  lo the primary occupation
catching fish.    Willi improved equipment and organization antl with  a continuance   of current   tnarkel
conditions thc industry may be expected to evino _
productive capacity far beyond any yet attained.
Greater Production
Tiie Canadian Fisheries' Association i- to be c
mended  for its commercial enterprise ami patri
service'in undertaking an extensive campaign for
incresed  output from  Canada's  fisheries,    lt  is
intention  of  the  Association   to  not  only  have
splendid   fisheries   of  the    Dominion   contribute
largely as  possible to  the   relief   of the   inimcil
grave shortage of food, but also to promote pern
cut development of our fisheries on a much gre,
scale.    In  serving  the particular  interests  which
represents, the Canadian   Fisheries'  Association,
thc Canadian -Forestry Association,  1 'nip and I
Association,   the   great   Farmers'    organization
numerous other influential bodies identified with |
moting primary production in its various phase-,
at tbe same time bS of great service in assisting n
proportionate national development than Canada
been securing during thc present century.
Conservation of Natural Resources
One of the great movements of our time i- the
movement1 for the conservation of our natural resources. We have gone on as ir the world were coining to an end when we were dead. Now we are getting a better perspective. The conservation movement,
as was natural, was at first most conspicuously identified with the conservation of our forests and our
water power, but it must extend beyond the forests
and water power. It must more immediately concern
itself with the conservation of the soil, for even our
brief history tells us that fertile fields may become
abandoned farms through other causes than lack of
rainfall.���.-Governor Frank O. Lowden, of Illinois. i"
inaugural address.
Banks and Alberta Farmers
.Life Underwriters Organize
On Thursday afternoon, about twenty-five life
insurance men met in the board room of the Mainland Fire Underwriters' Association in the Rogers
building and organized a Life Underwriters' Association as a branch of tbe parent association, which
holds its next annual convention August 22, 23 and
24 at Winnipeg.
Mr. James H. Campbell, recently appointed manager of the Equitable Life, was elected president;
Mr. John H, Poff, manager of thc Sun Life, vice-
president, and Mr. J. W. Alexander, secretary for
B. ��_. of the Canada Life, as bon. secretary-treasurer.
The Vancouver life men are thus getting into line
with the other cities of Canada and no doubt tliey
will have a strong representation at the next annual
meeting, as mentioned above.
It is hoped that in the near future the annual convention will be held in this city, as many agents in
thc East are anxious to learn something of the West
and thus become better Canadians.
War Taxes in Ontario
According to provincial treasurer Hon. T. W
McGarry, the nroyince of Ontario has collected up
to January 1 of this year some $3,900,000 on account
of war taxes due by the municipalities to the province. The government up to March had spent $4,000.-
000 on war purposes.
In speaking with regard to the Alberta legi
for live stock loans, Hon. Duncan Marshall said. ;
mentioning that the  Merchants Bank was the
bank that offered money at 6 per cent.:
"That if a hank has Hot a branch where the ia
lived, the bank would lake his 'cheque on the ba'
which he had his money and cash it without
charge for exchange or discount. All a man w
have to do would be to satisfy tlic live stock emu
sioner he was a man wdio could be trusted witli
stock and could go into the live stock business
make a success of it."
ik i"
Confidence in Rumania
Great Brtiain, so London learns, is lending rin-
mania $200,000,000 on par basis at 5 per cent. Lombard Street writers comment that "the loan is ,"'
special significance as showing the confidence of tne
Allies in the future of Rumania."
The man capable of handling large affairs, is one
who subdues his emotion by the exercise 'of hi- i"'
Enthusiasm is an inspiration, arising from a clear
as day insight and conviction of a man's duty in t'1*
path before him.
���i���i 1 _��� <	
Thc Imperial Oil Company will erect on Bitrrarq
Inlet an oil refinery to cost $2,000,000.
Douglas fir wood pipe recently has been taken up
in Seattle after use for 16 years as a water main aM
found to be practically as sound as when put dowilj
I the strength of the wood   being 88 per   cent, of tl'e
A draft bill is to be introduced for the registration
and licensing of all foreign companies carrying ol'
husiness in British East Africa. SATURDAY,   MAY   26.   1917
Tne War and the Eternal Kiddle
Iccasionally an eerie il rj comes
[roin the front which brings tu mind
il,, fact that if there is anything iu
spiritualism thc air in .""ranee and
gi igium should bc filled with disi n
ir,I spirits, relieved of the fleshly
IncubUS,,   still     lingering     about     the
. , nes of their transition,
he living men who remain in the
.irmies of Europe have gone dowTl so
closely to the door of death, have
lived upon such intimate terms with
it, have hebl the bands and gazed
hit" the eyes of comrades down i"
tin-very moment of the passing, that
(hey have perhaps bail some view of
���'v depths oi the dark gulf and of
the1 Strange country upon the    other
Spirit life, il il exists, must lie but
mi exalted mental life; certainly the
ability of thc mind to communicate
.vith mind| apart from the instrumentalities of the body, is demonstrable,   one   writer   remarks..
i'he misery anil horror oi Europe
are just now felt anil reflected across
lhe seas, in strange places and
among all peoples. Everywhere the
human mind feels the vague unrest,
lhe dimming of the future, lhe drag-
ting of civilization's anchors, the
uprooting of tradition, ami senses
the menace to humanity by some
mysterious     subjective       sense.        It
.peaks for a world of sensation apart!
from that controlled by the instru-|
mentalities of tbe body. It is a merg-i
int; nf the material with the immaterial, the substance wilh the spirit j
in which the two come into a closer!
communion   ami   understanding.
If then, thc spirits of the dead may
communicate with the living, certainly it should be at this lime, when lhe
i^1111 is so bridged with the bodies oi
humanity and living men venture
nunc  than   half   way  across.
Mansfield tells ol men dying with
messages bul half spoken, I licking
the ash from a cigarette, anil falling
into the stillness tliat resembles sleep
liul this writer says that it is not
sleep. "Some say the dead look as
though they were asleep, but no
sleep ever looked like death;'' and
this keen observer is puzzled over
il. "These men are not asleep, they
are dead,  whatever  that may  mean."
It is like a bouse from which the
.occupant has just departed. The
doors are locked, the blinds are
down, and one may note at the first
glance- that no one is within. But
the late occupant bas not necessarily
been blotted out because he has
changed his tenement.
War is bringing -closer the world
oi unreality. Perhaps six millions
strong, vigorous men, in the high
tide of life, have gone oul of the
business of existence, abandoned
their fleshly tenements like outworn
garments anil perhaps are yet within
the sound of human  voices.
Advertising   Not   By  Any   Means
Modern Art
Advertising *as wi II 1 nown in
the palm) dayi of Egypt, Of course,
thej didn'l have tin- electric signs
blazing across iln- sky, they didn't
know ihai red makes ihe best color
for advertising, green the second ami
black tin- next, but they did understand the first principles and applied  them  in  daily  life.
Perhaps iln- first bit m' advertising
copy was the "lost, strayed or stolen"
advertisement written bj an Egyptian on a slip in" papyrus when his
favorite slave  was  missing,
The Greeks had even greater skill.
according to a writer in tin- Detroit
Free Press. They advertised their
concerts, musical affairs, plays and
contests. The. gave us the idea of
using bands to attract a crowd, for
they sent around iheir cities a town
crier, accompanied by a musician
playing a harp or a lyre. He praised
extravagantly in the besi of Greek
the thing he was advertising, Later
the people began to advertise, giving
information about the standing nf
tbe family occupying the hi,use and
tbe  state  of  their  finances.
The Romans went them one better.
They named their streets, advertised
shows and exhibitions in their public
bath, notified tin- public of sales of
states, posted lists of articles lost
ami found, anil bouses for sale or
When the Huns swept down upon
Rome lhe advertisements disappeared with Ihe Knman power and ilid
not return until the town crier of (Jic
middle  ages  began   advertising  again, j
What Gooo  Garden Means
A   vegetable  garden   this    summer'
will   be   as  good   as   a   full   bin     next
winter���and   will   provide   money   to!
fill   the  coal  bin.���Brockville   Times, i
The Last of Red Tape
In these days, when so much is
happening, even really important
events are apt to come and go unregarded. Ami so, wilh no more notice
than is. represented by a small paragraph tucked away in a corner of
the Hritish daily papers, comes the
announcement that, henceforth, the
use of red tape in law offices is to
he discontinued. I'or snme time, ii
appears, white tape has been used in
several courts in England, ami the
innovation, so changed are the times,
passeil unnoticed. Xow the breakaway from time-honored tradition in
this respect is to be general and
unashamed. Red tape, however, as
a synonym for "official formality
und delay." anil all that phrase implies, is likely to remain as popular
as  ever.
Keep the Cars Moving
Hie traffic police system, now
common to the congested districts
"' large cities Ihe world over, might
he applied, .one would think, and
with grcat profit to Ihe public, to
the railways of the L'nited States.
One of the cardinal objects of the
lystem is to keep the traffic moving,
and if traffic were kept lYOvlllg mi
the railways, especially in the railway yards, there would be less cause
'"r complaint of a car shortage.
Never More Patriotic
Mr. Gompers pleads witli the work
met! of Russia in play the game.
while the miners in Northern Ontario propose an agreement with the
owners until the war is over. Labor
was never more patriotic than it is
ln the present strdggre.���Toronto
Daily   Xews.
Singing   No   Longer     National   Accomplishment.
The Indianapolis Xews arises tn
say regretfully lhal singing as far
as most people are concerned is a
Inst art and there is much truth in
the assertion. Thousands attend
operas, recitals anil musical comedies, tens nf thousands wind up
phonographs: but as for singing
themselves, informally, at their work
or play, they have forgotten how.
In times past people of all ranks
sang together as a matter of course.
Sailors sang at their work, shepherds, peasants, cow-boys all had
Iheir favorite and appropriate songs.
The songs of children at games, the
lullabvs of mothers are in the collected ballads and folkore of many
The pastimes anil the labors of
thc husbandman and the shepherd."
says Andrew Lang, "were long ago
a kind of natural opera. Each task-
has its own snug: plowing, seeding,
harvest, burial���all hail their apnro-
n'rinte ballads nr dirges. The whole
soul of the peasant class breathes in
their burdens as the great sea resounds in the shells cast up on the
Nowadays the whirl of machinery
makes all the noise. The workers ill
mills might find it unsatisfying In
son.' at their work, but it is doubtful
it thev would sing even if their voices could be heard: while singing in
an office or store would pretty surely be stooped by the "boss" Ur the
oobce. Thousands congregate everv
night in the silence of moving picture
theatres; and even in the churches.
where singing bv the congregation
used to he rncromarv, the attendants i'O'" usually listen in silence to
a  naid singer,
S'ntrln'g in this age is tarfrelv con-
f.nprl to the professional nerformer,
drunken men and pramobhones.
Tne Example of Canada
I loldii     Canad,
o,    inspire    am : ���     lhe    I nitcd
State!    i its conduct qf tin
iioston   Herald   says:
". .man.i has found il sell in the
past two j cars and a half. It has
I rough the fire ol a lesl such
ti fi depi ndi i ii - ha c ever had
i face, and u i- coming out of the
lire urn only welded closer to the
llritish      Empire     but     of       empire
ength itself. It has set an example and has had experiences that
an- very likely to provi nf much
value to us mi this side of the line
in   tin-   months  ahead.
Remember  that  io do  things    nn
the  scale that Canada, has been doing I
them since ihe summer nf  1914, thei
I luted   Stales   would   raise   and   train I
and  equip  an  army  of  5. IK III. I tin I- men I
in  a  little  over  tw.o years, and    ship
4)000,000   of   them   across   the'   \tlan-
tic.    It would raise and spend un less
than   $12,00O,CO0   for   war    purposes.
Yet   when   the   war   cloud   burst   over
the   world   Canada   was   as   fully   unprepared as we have been.    Its army
which   has  grown   to  4tl(l.iKIO soldiers,
w;as smaller than  the  militia of  Massachusetts,  and   its  resources  and   industries,   now   splendidly     mobolized
and   efficiently     organized     ior     the
great   work   on   hand,   were   on    tbe
most  peaceful  kind  nf a  peace  basis.
Small wonder that nur patriotic
gatherings listen with much respect
and wth deiep interest tn Canadian
speakers. One thing is certain, the
Canada of the future is not to be
looked on wilh anything resembling
the superior air thai we have habitually assumed on this side of the
border. The peace that has made
il unnecessary tq^ufyd a imt along
the .1.1 Ilill miles (if - .border ".ill continue, but it is gipSlig to In- tin- peace
of the enndescenmng kindness of a
big brother to a helpless youngster.
An American only belittles himself
if he fails to recognize and applaud
the great things that Canada has
dmie  in  this great  world  crisis.
And if any American belittles himself by failing to recognize the things
that Canada has done in this war,
what is to bc said of the Canadian
who   wilhnlds   the   same   recognition?
Princi    Edv ai d   I stand  long  r<
ed in % utomobile.   1
it couci led il r< e da; - a vet I the
intrusion of that nia-liim. v<
has let down the bars, and a motoi
car maj '-nt- r and spin ai in nd the
pro. im ��� ievct daj - a veel i inlj
it must - nil!..nn to t
rub--. ca     --   for   tin    0
gem rallj    il   is   propi .   I     saj   thai
the  auti     ihili   drivci   w lm  does  not
In- car carefully, in  I    i
iry,   is    ertain   - i   ���
driven from lhe roa      Perhaps
tucket.   Mas-..  ��hich  has  nc er    yet
  thi  bile. I
may   be  mined   to  greater  lii i ralitj
by   the   example   of   Prince   Edwai
Island     Christian   Science     Monitor
Not   Yet   Realized   It
While  ivc an  grateful for the sup
porl und ardor of the  I hiked States,
we   maj   say,   without   offense,    thai |
mir   neighbor   has   m i   yel   realizi ���
the   steri ness  oi  the   struggle,    ai ���
will nol do so until American troops
have  faced the blaze of final tontro-,
versy,  until the sailors on  American
shin-  have  -i-eii  the   waterspout    of
hostile   -lulls.    The  l'nited  Stat,-   is
our static  reserve, but  the  front  rank'
is held by  Hritish.  French and Cana-
The Strength of Canada's
Liberal Party Is Growing
feeling  the!
After   dnp-ftiling  Flsc
Hut then, if it hadn't been the new
Canadian peers. "Joe" Martin would
have condemned something else.���
Peterboro Review.
The New Battle Cry
line   rule   should   lie   the     leading
home   cry   in "Canada   litis   season,���
I laniiltmi   Spectator.
Not the Only Power
'I'he Rritish authorities 'held
\ -.v-dish' food ships in port until
'������vrden came to time in respect to
rcjjfctsing British shipping tied up in
Swedish- ports. The European neutrals are learning that Germany is
"nt the only power.���Toronto Mail
and  Empire.
No Wonder
An investigation of finances in
Russia showed that it cost $20,000,-
'00 a year to run the imperial household, $600,000 of this going to autos
and the imperial stables. No wonder, with potatoes and onions at
llieir present prices, the country has
bmnd it necessary to cut down expenses at the top.���London Chronicle
Instead of complaining of the inroads made upon his business by the
mail order houses, as some men in
his line do, a western United States
merchant advertises that he will duplicate the prices contained in the catalogues of those establishments.
What more could be asked than this
by those who are not influenced by
sentiment to do their buying fn thc
home  town?
Tongues Bring Alliances
Xn  (wo rfations speaking the same
language   are   fighting   against     each
other   in   this   war.     ll   is   also     true
that there can  never be a perfect al-
i liauce    between    any    two    nations
! which dn not speak the same tongue.
There can be  strong economic    and
I military  alliances   between   countries,
[these alliances being arranged by the
respective  governments,   the   benefits
fully appreciated  by the peoples, and
I a   mutual   understanding  existing  between these individuals who are able
to   communicate  with   each  other.
A perfect alliance between two na-
.tions, if such a thing is possible,
means that the people of each nation arc able to visualize the habit of
thought of the other, this not apply-
! ing to the. few that arc particularly
j well informed, but to all farmers,
. workmen and business men. as well
I as scholars, diplomats or social cos-
| mopolitcs. Between America and
I England, therefore, exists a bond
I like that between no other two great
I countries in the world, with the cx-
i eeption of Germany and Austria.
,' and the closeness of the alliance be-
I tween these two countries is tribute
i to the binding power of a mutual
i tongue. This is a point of symna-
i tbetic contact in every way to bring
I about a good understanding.���London   Dailv  Chronicle.
Steel, the Master Metal of the War
Steel, the master metal of peace,
has, been demonstrating, for more
than two years past, ils unquestioned position as the chief instrumentality of modern war. It is a tragic
paradox that without this commonest metal of civilization, the superlative frightfulness of war as it is carried on today would not be possible.
Every major agency of destruction
of battle on land and sea requires
steel in all or sonic of its essential
narts. That wth the nation strongest
in steel resources has rested the
advantage in armed conflict has been
established by lhe position of Germany in the present war. That country with her own steel industry, the
largest in Europe, supplemented bv
the works in the Belgian, French and
TYilish territory ronuuercd by ber.
for many months has held the tremendous strateeic lead over her rui-
tagonists. Onlv rpcentlv has this
margin of advantage been reduced or
offset completely bv the large drafts
made bv the entenl "ers unon the
steel capacity of the l'nited States.
Women Abhor Bribery
Tt will be some time before any
I women of this province will be
I charged with bribery. Women have
| an abhorrence of dishonesty, and on
I the other hand intense self respect.
I ���Kamloops   StahdardkSentinel.
Farm Credit
W'e know nf a private bank in
Saskatchewan that is making loans
to men who could lint secure loans
through branches of our chartered
banks, and it has been making these
loans for years. Further, il has been
a paying business and is iu a better
condition today than it has ever been
before. ���Therefore we say thai until
there can be smne organization
whereby the lender will loan money
on character where the financial
standing is not sufficient to ensure
a loan through the orthodox channels
and where the borrower can take the
lender into his confidence and get
his advice, knowing it is sound, then
and only then will we begin to solve
some of the more pressing features
of farm credit.���The Farmers' Advocate,   Winnipeg.
As to Fancy Food Wrappers
Consumers should use all their
buying influences to encourage the
plain wrapper aud box lor food-
Stuffs. The gilded label, fancy trimmings and frills are of little Value
even as additions to the wasler paper
store, 'they represent an expense
which the consumer should not be
compelled to bear at tbis time. They
should be eliminated even at the cosl
of sacrificing a distinctive package
or wrapper. L. G. Burns of the
Burns Candy Company of Spokane
suggests that people get too much
that cannot be eaten when they buy
food. He declares the advanced cost
of certain' lines of staples is due
largely to the increased price of
paper. His idea immediately brings
to lhe fore a long list of household
fancy colored paper, smothered in
necessities which are delivered in
layer upon layer of cardboard and
tissue paper or sealed with fine specimens of the lithographers' art. Tbe
plain wrapper, manufactured and
printed in the Pacific Northwest, will
find ready acceptance by Northwestern trade if it checks the riisng cost
of food. The trade should carefully
seek out the goods produced by the
manufacturer who honestly attempts
to reduce unnecessary costs in favor
of the consumer.���Spokane Chronicle.
cruel   discipline.��� British   Columbian.
When the French delegate- kissed
the baud oi Jeanctte Rankin in the
American house of representatives.
they were too gallant to rememberl
that it was the same band that brushed away the tears that Miss Rankin
shed when she voted against American entry into the war.���Xelson
Game  Protection   Treaties
Toronto. Ont.���The Statute Law
Amendment Act of Ontario now has
ii clause incorporated in ii giving the
governmeni power to make any regulations required to make effective
any treaty entered into between the
Imperial or Canadian governments
and tin- government of the l'nited
State- for the protection nf any
birds nr animals. An international
agreement between Canada and the
L'nited States for the protection ol
migratory birds is imw being considered.
Another Group of  Millionaires
With   stigur  jumping    up   iu   price
about  .-II cents a  week.  lhe  man   win-
owns   a   sugar   bush     is     next     door
neighbor   In   a   millionaire.
Before the amateur gardeners get
through with the hoe it will be time
to   get   busy   with   the   hose.
'I i ��� ��� ��� anada     in*-
������,,'.-   .i
I   in
th,-   Got crnmi in ' ,
ouial  Railway, .. madi
favoritism  in  the distribution uf pat-
'      to   war      .,  li
Won   re ently, tin- Liberals  have ex-
di.appro.al  ol   ti -
nient's   plan    foi icting
from incomes derived from i
profits in industries, to the e> lusi n
ni other in--'-in.- taxation, ami m thi
phn, which pri vents iln- hea ier tax-
ation 'it hind- withheld from proi
tin- uses. Despite this dissatisfaction, am! -..spile tin- frequent reiteration by Liberals, f tin- belief that
tin- Conservative governmeni under
Sir Robert Laird Borden, i- living
on borrowed tune, and that it- days
of usefulness to the people of Canada have passed, there seems little
likelihood that a general election . ill
be   forced.
It is interesting, in view of the circumstances inn! the estimated
strength of the Liberal puny
throughout the Dominion, to ascertain and analyze those restraining
influences which are recognized even
by lhe Conservatives, as preventing
the launching of a vigorous political
campaign, and a possible administrative upheval. As is well known,
Canada is under Liberal provincial
rule from the head -if Lake Superior
to the Pacific Coast. The foui provinces included in that area, namely.
Manitoba. Saskatchewan, Alberta
and British Columbia, are a unit in
opposition io the policies of the
Borden government; and partj
spokesmen there aud elsewhere in
ihe Dominion freely condemn, apparently without partiality, certain
peace and war policies of the administration. Bul beyond ihis free criticism and outspoken disapproval of
nn tliods which the Liberals denounce as grossly inefficient and unreasonably partisan, there seem* to
exist, and to In- exerted, an element
-if strength, if not of actual fortitude, born of genuine loyalty t . the
Dominion and to the Empire. The
Liberal lenders realize. ;i"i! their
countrymen affiliated with :', Conservatives appreciate the fact, thai
the forcing of an electi in in tl c
midst of war. no matter how great
the  provocation,   would   savor  ,,-   dis-
W ilfru ��� mier,
i- .-    ���        i.
adheii   ��� il that, as lo
'l    ot evi
enl ��� ��� i.      onstrued    as
'  ��� nnaii
.ir-uv '   .1    there   it
 ml       Willi    ll
'    ai   ���     '���'   -  -   listed and    in
actual   sei vice     n    the    Dominii
army. .- -,   ,,i   thi     poll
at   tliis in, , i . , d l.y tin-  I
servatii - ore than a i i
It   ��� ��� it the  a
surance,   implied   though   it   maj
thai   tin-   Liberal   party    nf   Canada
does n.,t esti strength bj  tin
numbi ��� n can poll in an el-
It i- exhibiting far greater
strength in the loyalty it is showii .
to tin- , ause in which it- oh n aiu'
other democracy - nr.- i .,,-. , nlisti I.
It sees, in a possible . i< tory .it I ���
poll-, and it- earlj return to powei
a reward in no way cnmniensurat,
with tin- attendant sacrifice which,
at this tune, would lend aid .ind comfort to the common enemy by discrediting, before the world, the government responsible for the admin
istration ������: tin- Dominion'- policil
in the war. Self-restraint, and unquestioning loyalty quite often requite more strength than misdirected
activity���Christian   Science   Monitor.
1 lav inv; purchased i lar ;i - onsign-
iiicnt if lni_.li quality white paper at
a verj reasonable price, we are now in
.i position to give close prices oh
���atal igues, bonks, pamphlets, dodgers, etc. The Standard Job Department, 420 limner Street; phone Seymour 470.
Montreal's 275^ BirThda\
What Ought to Rule
The price of flour should bc based
on the price of the wheat in the
flour, not the price of wheat in the
pit.���Toronto  Globe.
MONTREAL is proud to celebrate
its 2T.rith birthday this vear.
On May 18th, 1642, Paul de
Chomedy, Sieur de Maisonneuve,
brought his little flat-bottomed
naee to anchor close to the site selected by Samuel de Champlaln
thirty-one years previously, and Hit
new settlement was formally ;-u,
eateil hy Bert Viiuonl.
To-day Montreal is a city ol
streets and stately buildings, win,
wealth unaccountable and a pu;nila-
tion of nearly three-quarters of i mil
lion; headquarters of most ol the
great banking companies and ul that
world-wide enteniiise. the Cannula*!
Paeilie'Railway. �� iul all this springs
Irom (he landing of Maisonneuve and
his associates in May, 111-12.
Tbe Island of Montreal was visited
by Jacques Cartier in 1535, and nearly a hundred years passed befme another white man came. On the 2Sth
of May, 1611, Samuel de Champlain
landed with another Frenchman and
an Jmdian. He seems to have explored the shore line as far as the Rapids,
but finally decided that the best place
for a settlement was a little strip of
meadowland. to which he gave the
name of Place Royale. Incidentally,
It was de Champlain who first advocated the cutting of what is now the
Panama Canal, in 1600.
Thirty years later, plans were perfected for the founding of the settlement, which wns called in advance.
\ille-M��rle de Montreal for Mount-
royal. De Maisonneuve was appointed leader of the little parly
consisting of about a score of people.
They set sail from France in a small
pinnace, landing at Quebec ou the
l��Il of May. Here they were warned
I by Montmagny of the danger of anni-
Ihilation by tbe Iroquois.
"It is my duty and my honor to
found a colony at Muunt Unvul ii"
Maisonneuve.   "aud   1   would   ko   it
Dominion Square, Montreal, with th"    great C. P. R. Station ln background
every tree were an Iroquois."
The long butfrttng across the Atlantic in his cockleshell of a boat had
not daunted his courage or that of
bis companions, nor did the almost
equally perilous passage up the unchartered St. Lawrence, which occupied them ten days. He and his associates had their duty to do and
they went on and did it.
it was a heautiful afternoon when
they lirst sighted the Island, with lhe
furest-elad mountain rising steeply
against the sky. The pinnace fetched
up by the side of a rivulet running
into the St. Lawrence. There was a
stretch of Meadowland along the
shore, with ratches of flowers growing amid tb_ grass and brightly eol-
oied birds darting to and fro Be-
>ond the meadowland lay the forest.
with who knew what secrets h'dden
ln its mysterious depths. De Champlain had told them of the palisaded
town of Hochekiga which stood opposite the present McGill University.
De Maisonneuve was the first to
spring ashore, followed by Governor
Mon I ma env fmn.f Quebec, Pert Vi-
,i tint, ivnllie. -l.-ai, Manee. M!._hiuie de
ia Peltrie and her servant, Charlotte
bane, and about a dozen farmers,
artizans and laborers. A guard was
hurriedly set to watch the forest
paths. Tents were landed and set
up, and the baggage and stores were
brought ashore. And then having
provided for their immediate safety
and comfort, an altar was raised and
Divine Service was held.
The sun was sinking as Pere Vi-
mont pronounced the last words of
his solemn exhortation and the fireflies were twinkling in thousands
about the meadow. The colonists
caught them and hung them in phials
about the altar, where they gleamed
for a little time and then faded one
by one into the darkness. Whereupon the little company, having lighted watchfires and strengthened their
guard, lay quietly down to sleep on
the grassy slopes of what is now
Place Royale. From the heroism of
those early Canadians to the heroism
of those who have immortalised the
names of Ypres, Cutircelette. Giveuchy
and Vimy Ridge, is a long way as
time g >es, but it shows tbat the
Spirit nl Maisonneuve and those wl r
helped him to found the ciy of Mon:-.
real still survives. ��� EIGHT
SATURDAY,   MAY  26.   1917
A New Hat and
a Good Hat
In almost iter; line oi hat- you'll
i few tlint aren't up to whal you
expect from thai name. Vou many
liave had one or t��" liati with a well-
known name in thai diil not wear.
. on never _;.ii one like that at WM.
DICK'S inn! you never will. He goes
over  the  line  ami  lakes  lhe   bell  ami
leaves the others ior the men   who
don't happen to know how to judge
a mat more than skin deep,
him, it gives all you think a Wolthau-
Wheii you buy a Wolthausen   from
sen should and SO on with all the hats.
U ollhauseu's at ?2. $2.50, $.1 and $4.
Borsalinos at $5 and $6.
Stetson's Town Topic at $5.
Straws from $1  to $5.
Panamns from $5 to $10.
Eve./ new shape and every new shade
ARROW SHIRTS $1.25 to $8.50.
William Dick Limited
"Two Big Stores for Men"
33, 47-49   -   Hastings East
What steps have you taken
with your milk ?
What have you done about your milk lately? Is it still up to the
standard you have set? Is it delivered regularly? Is it sent to you
in clean bottles?   Is it entirely satisfactory?
If your milk is not what you expect, call us up and ask for a trial
bottle of Vancouver's very finest and safest milk���SOU-VAN MILK.
Here is a milk that you will find good every day���a milk you can give
to baby and the children, knowing perfectly well that it is clean and
wholesome, nourishing and fresh. The fact that you obtain a bottle
is no criterion that you must use this milk regularly.
We leave that to the milk.
Phone Highland 137
Grandview Hospital
Medical : Surgical  : Maternity
Rates   from   $15.00  per  week
Classified Advertising
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, 48
Hastings St. E., and 782 Granville
Street. Vancouver, B. C.
wanted  to clean  and repair at the
factory, 438 RICHARDS STREET
Can be seen at
General  Agency Transatlantic Steamship  Linei
C. K. Jennejr, 0. A. P. D.
Phone:   Sey.  (134
W. O. Connolly, C. P. W. A.
M7 OrinvUlf Strut
An Ineffective Law
1 Mi Tuesday, May 1, 19.17, after
practically 25 years' contest, the
restriction alien measure, incorporating the literary test, went into effect. From now on every alien, except for ihe special exemptions, will
lie Subject to lhe literary test, ami
the head tax will lie $8 instead of $4.
Hut the irony of fate is tliat this law,
so long battled lor hy the restric-
lionists, goes into effect at a moment
when immigration is at an absolute
standstill, and thc world is being
raked over for the able bodied men
and women. It is therefore a sale
prophecy that at the end of the War,
and this war changes so many things,
this restriction will be abolished, and
that all who wish to enter will be
welcome as long as they arc healthy
and strong and able to do some kind
of a day's work. But even the "welcome" mat at the front door of the
United Stales will serve very little
purpose, fur few people will come
here when the war is over. 'There is
now no fear whatsoever of dumping.
No government will willingly release
its subject and ^citizens, and every
land will be equally a laud of opportunity and of heavy taxation. So the
whole purpose of restriction falls to
the ground, and incidentally a considerable number of institutions
which have banked their existence
upon immigration, might very well
put up their shutters and put their
files in storage.���Boston Jewish Advocate.
Always Dead Ones
A Missouri editor refuses to publish obituary notices of people who
failed to subscribe for his paper. Tie
gives this pointed reason: "People
who  do  not  take  their  home  paper
j"e   dead   anyway   and   their   passing
lias no news value.'1
G. S. Forsyth's New Book Shop
A new and up-to-date hook shop is
being opened joday in the Orpheum
Block, 771 Granville street. Mr. Forsyth is the pioneer book-seller in the
city, having operated a store on the
corner of Homer and Hastings
streets for a good many vears. The
new store should prove popular and
will have the same policy���courtesy
and  service���as  the  old one.
To Cultivate Indian Lands
.Major Megraw, inspector of Indian
agencies, informs thc Penticton Herald tliat permission will now be
granted to white men to cultivate
Indian lands on shares. For instance,
tf a man supplies seed potatoes and
arranges for cultivating a portion of
an Indian's land he may receive permission lo do this on the basis of a
return of one-fifth of the sacked product to the Indian. Already several
agreements of this nature have been
effected with Indians on the reserves at the head of the lake and
Duck*  lake.
Mr. Charles E.  Campbell
Mr. iChas. E, Campbell, president
of the Vancouver City Liberal Association, who has filled nearly every
office in the gift of the Britisli Columbian Liberal party during the past
decade, is busy at work preparing for
the return of Hon. J. W. dell. Farris
as Attorney-general of British Columbia.
To "The Standard" Mr. Campbell
paid a high tribute to thc new Minister of_ the Crown, for whom he
prophecies a long and honorable career in the public life of this province.
"I have known Hon. Mr. Farris for
many years  since  he  came  to    this
province lo engage in his profession
and in that time 1 have formed a very
high opinion of his character and
ability,"  stated   Mr.   Campbell.
"There are two prime considerations which the premier and the public must consider in the selection of
an attorney-general. One is his official capacity as an executive head
and legal adviser, and the other is
his character as an upright man. In
both of these respects 1 feel that we
have in Hon. Mr. Farris a man who
will bring credit to the Ministry,
honor to his fellow citizens and con
fidence to all parties within thc community. I look to see all classes in
our city unite in agreement on the
choice which Premief Brewster has
made. In the return of the young
and able supporter from Vancouver
as attorney-general I see the best
guarantee that the excellent work
which Hon. Mr. Farris did as chairman of the Pacific Great Eastern
Railway committee in the recent legislature will be followed up, now that
Hon. Mr. Farris has been vested with
full powers at Attorney-general for
Brilish  Columbia."
Why the Government Should
Mobilize Women Workers
France and England Have Lear ned from Experience that Separate Groups Cannot Work to Best Advantage. Now
They Enroll Women in Regular Service Under
War Department
If everybody's looking to us for
food and we can't raise enough for
ourselves it looks as if somebody
might be  disappointed.
* * *
"One glass of buttermilk." says
the Philadelphia Ledger, "contains
more fond than f;ye glasses of beer."
That's some balm for a dry state.
* * *
The plan to save grain by slopping
j the manufacture of liquor is based on
' the theory that whisky goes against
I thc  grain.
The instant that women were allowed to take over the commissariat
in our training camps aud certain
places at the front the men ceased
to grumble at the food."
This was the outstanding fact that
struck- Mrs. Harriot Stanton Blatch,
who has seen the women of England
"officially" working in the war
"But this step has other advantages," she continued. "It was an enormous saving of soldier power. Also
the women were immensely more
economical than the men.
"At thc beginning of thc war the
commissariat was conducted on a
most extravagant scale. They still
worked on the oJd idea of 'so much
and so much' bread and 'so and so
many ounces of meat,.' etc., per man.
It was actually given out that way,
and the waste wsa terrific. It took
Ihem three years to learn that women could do better perhaps than dole
out food automatically, according to
schedule  of  mere weight.
"On a journey through England
two years ago I was amazed at the
huge waste of soldier-power everywhere. So many big, able-bodied
men would look me over and decide
whether my hair was black or gray
before they would sign my passport.
The army bakeries in England and
at the front employed thousands of
men who could have been released
to go right to the front. At every
step I took I saw strong men per-
formnig tasks for which any woman
of average intelligence could have
been  used.
"But that is all changed now. One
great example of the power of economic organization shown by women
is the war hospital in Endell street.
London, run entirely by women.
Here, again, it took the women two
years of pleading before they were
allowed to show what they could do.
This hospital was equipped by women, organized by women and is entirely run by women. All its officers
have honorary ranking in the army
under the war department, just as
do the medical men.
"When Sir Alfred Keogh. head of
the medical department of the war
office, went over this hospital and
examined its books he bad but one
remark to make to its chief. Dr.
Flora  Murray:
"You women ought to equip and
run every hospital.. How do you do
it so cheaplv?'
"Vt;t this is still the only war hospital entirely run hy women todav. -
"There is but one cook in that hospital." she mused, "who. with two
or three helpers, is feeding 500 people, and feeding them  well.
"But not only England has learned
the lesson of right use of women
power. One of the most efficient
pieces of work accomplished since
the war began was done by thc
'Conseil National des Femmes
Francaises' with the co-operation of
the French government.
"This was the bringing together of
the thousands and thousands of Belgium refugees who had wandered
into France. Gradually they were
enrolled in a huge government catalogue, and so far as possible, united
family by family. All this huge
n-ass of work was done by women.
��� The first step in this work was
to order thc prefect to report in detail regarding any Belgian refugees
m Ins vicinity. Aud he did immediately. But solely because the government was behind the work, nda he
did not dare disobey. "Do you sup
pose, Mrs. Blatch added, emphati-
$��$,'. \ ?'��� th* P**f��-t would have
bothered himself to take notice of
these women had they asked for information in the name of some social
Mrs Blatch was asked what she
thought America should do to nieel
the present crisis; how the eager
and abundant woman power of this
country  could  best  be  utilized
' Profit by the bitter experiences of
England and France in this war"
she answered emphatically, "and not
begin with the foolish mistakes they
made Why doesn't the government
use the hundreds and hundreds of
trained women at its disposal?
Gather together, for instance, the
dietitians and economists aud draft
them into an 'official' part of preparations for war. Why not organize
them into a unit of cooks and helpers, reheveing the thousands of men
who are now occupied with the canteens of thc army?
"And the women doctors? For
what reason cannot they be treated
as the men physicians and given honorary ranks Why should all this
trained power and energy go to
waste for the mere sake of an old-
fashioned   prejudice?"
And about the trained business and
professional  women?
Mrs. Blatch spoke of the curious
thing it was to watch the mediaeval
I spirit of American men toward their
women folk. It seems to her that
where thc European man puts up
his haud and says, "I will not let
you do these things, because they
are my prerogative," the American
I man puts up his hand and says. "I
cannot bear to see you doing these
things���they are not for you to soil
your  hands  with."
But the result is thc same.
"There should be founded immediately a department under thc war
department, or as part of the Council of National Defense," she said,
"in which there should bc received
and docketed all the woman labor
available, each branch undfer the
heading  to  which  it  belongs.
"For those who can do nothing
special, but are 'willing to do anything'���and heaven help us from
them,"���she added in parentheses,
"there should be a special training
department to teach them to do any
single  thing  they  want  to  do���well.
So she continued; the womne
would gradually be drafted into the
commissariat, the munition factories,
and most emphatically into a department for the supervising allowances
to soldiers' wives and families, etc
"At the present moment, she
stated, "women are offering their
labor to half a dozen or more societies., each with a different aim and
of a different social purpose."
"Will the women of America," she
was asked, "when they are catted ou
to help, answer as well as the English and French women did?"
"Decidedly so," she answered; "for
the American woman be she a college girl or a high school graduate,
has been used to organizations of
various kinds since she was a child.
There vvill be nothing unaccustomed
to her in forming one of a group destined  for  any one  purpose.
"But let the government mobolizc
its women. Civic groups with the
best intentions will never achieve
their aims unless drafted under the
war department in time of war. The
French were slow in recognizing
this���the   English   disgracefully   slow.
"The Germans, however, recognized it from the beginning of the struggle, and not one atom of woman's
labor at the disposal of the country
was wasted. How many of us have
realized that here lies one of their
chief claims to supcrcfficiencly?"
was her parting warning.	
(Continued   from   I'asf*   Four)
ment,   should   the   good   impulse     al
ways   be    suspected   or   discouraged
Dn   good   men   alwa>>   rciiisc   a   bail
tnan'a money for a  good cause?    lh
may they nol accept it as possibly
much   pillaged   from   lhe  enemy?
the   homage   which   vice  pays  to  iir.
tue?   Presumably, ihc usual and onij
import.ml   ethical   consideration,    I ���������
Sunday-school treasurers, or ior I	
esi campaign managers, would li���
this (ami the recipient here was ,
campaign manager) had the contribution any improper string to it?
Was it tainted? Of course, ill eithc
case, il may perhaps be called indelicate. Bul if it had oi|y been open
and avowed; or published on polling
nighl las is the case in some com:.
tries) and as it certainly carried n
corrupt condition with il���then
might it not be absolutely moral yi
acceptable���per se? Or might il ' ���:
still have been used lo build churches
or to help lo bring in the gift ���.'
honest government to Britisli Columbia?
Or should lhe answer have been
"Gel thee behind me, Doctor?" And
finally, since it does pot clearly come
under any section of thc code, supposing we remove it from the church
and leave it to the lecturer on nn ral
philosophy  in  the   University.
He may decide that it would have
been wrong to deprive any member
of the MacKenzie clan of the Satisfaction of contributing to so good .,
cause; or lo curtail the pleas,if
which good men and others always
derive  from doing a good action*
For some people are said���unfairly
no doubt���to have plundered this fair
Dominion, and this poor debt-riddci
province of' ours, so long thai they
may now think some little penance
is in order; and some restitution due
It may have been a case of conscience. Who knows? Let us not
decide  rashly.
Or, perhaps, on the other hand, a)
it has been unkindly suggested���after
enriching and assisting for more
than a decade, one complacent gang
of frce-booters (as Sir Charles term)
them I they may have cynic.illy
thought that another such gang .._..
coming in. For they are not embarrassed by the possession of any political principle themselves Not con
bad ones. They are non-partizan.
They are neutral. Absolutely independent. Free from any pernicious
party affiliations. Party! which ii
mi loudlj denounced these days by >
certain pulpit, and press, and - .;
box orator; and latest of all by thai
gentle and sympathetic Borden government agent, the well meaning
Colonel Mulloy, and his "Win the
War" convention of super-men. now
in Montreal, lo help lo win the rest
���Such political neutrals, as tin-''
Machiavelian MacKenzie clan, :i"''
other predatory tribes have always
been willing to compromise by giving
back a little of the booty, now and
then, to one side, or the oilier, whenever they thought it would do the
greatest good to thc greatest lumber. And the greatest number is
always number one. They willinglv
throw a spratt to catch a salmon. A
MacKenzie is not like a Cameron,
"who never can yield." His ami'-
tors in tbe Hiehlands once lived, no
doubt, hy "rustling" cattle. (So did
my own nerhansV The taxpavine
people of Canada are now his herd.
The instinct mav bc sometimes hereditary. There is a reversion to Ivpe
I "ow and then. And it appears fur-
i thermore. that we have such n
brtisnue and obstinate John Bull in
our Ministry of Railways In Vieloria
; that he is actually said to have rudely and defiantly ordered this generous and romantic Rob Roy from his
office. And that thc redoubtable
Knight went out samming the door.
And then he drew bis dirk and thro"'
away thc scabbard. For at that moment the plot of Roderick was ripe,
and thc campaign chicken had come
home  to roost.
But my little sermon is finished.
I am not here to canonise the member for Vancouver: nor to defend
him; nor to praise his every acn���
But to protest against thc time,
place, and manner In which you have
pillorizcd him.
T.apidation may be a good old puritanical method of procedure. Rut
when it is about to begin. I wish the
Priest would take his lantern and
come down from the Alter, and
search among the pews for the per-
son who should "throw the first
TIMBER   SALE   X   954
SEALED TENDERS will lie receive,! by
the Minister of Lands no! later than noon
on the 4th clay of June. 1917, for the purchase of License X 954. to cut 550,000 feet
of Cedar and DouRlas fit on an area situated
near Lot 2230, Narrows Arm, New Westminster   District.
One (1) year will he allowed for removal of
Further particulars of the Chief Forester,
Victoria, Tl. C. or. District Forester, Vancouver,   n.   C.
TIMBER    SALE    X    956.
SEALED TENDERS will be received by
the Minister of Lands no- later than noon
on the 31st day of May. 1917, for the purchase of License X 95fi, to cut 1,000,000
feet -i Dead and Down Cedar, on an area
adjoining Lot 2359, Chippewa Hay, Powell
Lake.   New   Westminster   District.
One (1) year will be allowed for removal
of  timber..
Further   particular*   of   the   Chief   Forester.
Victoria,    H.C.,   or   District   Forester,   Vancouver,   B C.
May  22nd,   1917.
same revested in United States hy
Act of Congress Dated June 9, W��-
Two million three hundred thousand
acres to be opened for homesteads
and sale. Timber aud agricultural
lands. Containing some of best Id'
in United States. Now is the opportune time. Large Sectional Map showing lands and description of soil, climate, rainfall, elevations, etc. Postpaid One Dollar. Grant Lands Locating Co.. Box 610. Portland. Oregon-^
TIMBER   SAI.r*   X   S03
Having purchased a large consign-
! ment of high quality paper at a very
reasonable price, we are now in a position to give close prices on catalogues, books, pamphlets, dodgers,
etc. The Standard Job Department.
426 Homer Street: plione Sey. 470.
SEALED TENDERS will be receive!"
by the Minister of Lands not Inter
than noun on the 25th dny of Maj,
1P17, tor the purchase of Licence
X Sfir,. to cut 3SO.0OO feet of Cedar.
Hemlock and Balsoin, oil nn area adjoining Lot R08 on the north shore ot
Drury Inlet. Hnnge 1. Coast District
One (t)  year will be allowed for removal of timber. . ,
Further   particulars     of     the   Chie
For.'.ster,    victoria,  E. C, or    Dlslri' *
Forester, Vancouver, B. C.


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