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The Standard Jul 21, 1917

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Array 'GIRL LIFE IN VANCOUVER'
By Rev. A. E. Cooke
in this issue
A STARTLING EXPOSITION
A Sad,State of Affairs
Page Four
Vol. VI., No. 9���Established 1911
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, SATURDAY, JULY 21, 1917
Price   Five   Cents
Signs of the Times \
A ll Hail Democracy
C.HIS great world war has 'wrought many changes
iu thc life of ei>cry civilized nation. Old established institutions, hoary with age, arc being throivn
into the discard, and feiv questions are being asked why
such things should take place. Thc otrward, and let
>; s hope upward, march of time demands that the way
be cleared of all obstructions. Democracy is coming to
its oven with rapid strides. Kings arc losing their jobs,
and imperial puppets who have lived in the lap of
luxury, at the expense of the common folks, are being
told, in terms which they cannot mistake, thut if they
wish to retain a place in thc 'world, they must make
such a contribution as shall merit a claim to recognition
Everybody must be a producer these days, and the
loafer, no matter what his or her rank or station may
have been, must either work or want.
Thc people of the British Empire, hail "with satisfaction the announcement Thc King has dropped all
German titles, and will assume thc name of "The House
of Windsor." They arc also pleased to learn that thc
long list of princes and princesses, etc., has to bc
definitely and drastically pruned, and only those in immediate relationship to thc Royal House will bc given
any real recognition.
Such a pronouncement has been eagerly expected,
and long delayed. Old Britain has for ages been the
asylum for all thc degenerates of Royal Europe and the
common folks had to "foot the bill." But the day of
plain "Mr." has arrived. This is the common man's
century. The aristocracy of brains and merit is the
Only one that true Britons will, in future recognize.
The man who makes the greatest sacrifice, for the1
greatest common good, is thc one upon whose brow a
grateful people will always place thc wreath of honor.
Thc ploughman and thc prince must start in the race
together.   This is thc basis of true democracy.
Pay thc Price of Purity
Citizens Must Wal(e Up and Worlr
CHAT tin- Criminal Code nf Canada needs revision
ami serious amending is tlic opinion ni all who
are in any way interested in the administration of Justice in this city. In the local police courts thi- need
of revision is demonstrated every morning, and in thi-
way:
Almost every night the morality squad of the police
force clean up a dive or two, and Usually succeed in
scooping in some "prominent citizen frequents"who
have been spending> their evening at "the club" with
the degenerate denizens of the underworld. Hail is ar-
rangd at the station, with the result that our "prominent citizen frequents" never have to appear in the dock
with their miserable playthings of the previous night.
An amendment that will allow no bail to frequenters of houses of prostitution, be they prince of pauper,
and that will compel the authorities to publish the
names, addresses and occupation of such scoundrels
will very materially assist the police in their efforts
to keep the city clean. Some of the biggest rascals
that we have in Vancouver are masquerading as business and professional men, and are received into our
society circles, and amongst our pure children, while,
were the true facts revealed, they would be segregated
in a cattle pen.
Again, under one of the bridges in the city of Vancouver there exists a nigger dive, that is frequented by
all the pimps and prostitutes of the Pacific coast. It.;
is run wide open, and is known to the police, win
/* ra Wlil(inson Says
"Consider the Wonders of Vancouver''
v
X
famine Faces Forces
Unless Labor Is Conscripted
i- a matter for congratulation that Vancouver
lias sent 32,000 men to the front since the war
started. Few cities in the Dominion can claim such an
enviable record. The West ha- done far better that!
the liast, and wc might as well tell the truth about it.
No amount of numerical juggling can disprove this
statement, and it is the duty of the authorities to see
that Eastern Canada does its share, before we out here
are asked to do more.
Tk.-re is, however, one phase that we have overlook-
Q( )\V Chilliwack is very near, as you may see
the heart of Mr. Wilkinson.   To The Standard,
I tollowing lhe meeting at the motor club, that energetic
I citizen had several things to say about Chilliwack and
| things in general.
"1   remember  the  time,"  said  he,  "when  it  was|
��� necessary, in order to reach Chilliwack to take a train
| from  Vancouver at  two in  the morning, get off at
Harrison  Mills, take a boat from there and later a,
rickety old stage���a journey of almost a day and a*
r.   Frantic cries for assistance are be
ing heard from all the farming districts.    Harvestin^
labor cannot be secured at any price.   Orientals are re-
.    .   ...   . i        i     _i  ��� j iceiving five dollars a day, and even at that high rate
you took it, it was a long hard journey and an ex-   .       " ..__���" ���*>
pensive one.   Vet in those times there was much travelling back and forth.
"I'll bet ten dollars that there are not ten men in
this city who know that it is possible to step into one of
o'clock, proceed to Chilliwack and get back to Vancouver by five."
___.    i��i_ _.- -      _._.- i   ii  i i       ���   \-       ed, and that is in connection with the present local
night.    1 hose were the good old days and we in Van-i , , , , ,- '
* r.        ������_. j ..u    _______  ��� ���_.      _��� /-i mi-      i   'shortage of labor. Frantic ���
couver often visited the thriving city of Chilliwack. j:__ ,_������., _���	
If we didn't go around by Harrison we were forced to
go from New Westminster bv boat.   Whichever way
re is a possibility that much produce will be lost
; through lack of labor.   This presents a problem that demands a solution, and that right speedily.
Why cannot the authorities conscript labor at once ?
��� There are enough men in Vancouver at the present
time to save all our harvest, were the}' organized upon
want   to   tell The   Standard," said
'that
a systematic and economic basis.   There are scores of
cause of the technicalities of the law, are unable to do
anything  to  stamp  it  out.    The  officers  cannot  be  *" "ie pre
blamed because this blind pig and bawdy house exists.  ���������
The Hell we refer to is licensed as a club, and, of The work now going
arm of!reclamation work, one oi tl
^^^ _       t 1L''     tl,at  real estate men and assistants who are not producing
the Canadian Northern service given between here and one cent    Thev conk
Fraser Valley points is one of the most valuable assets w,,uld suffer no loss,
we have.    Yet there is never a line in the papers about ment e
the-magnificent accommodation that company offer
"Moreover, the Canadian Northern Depot at F
Creek is one of the wonders of this city.   It wi
be completed, a wonderful structure of steel and stone.
ss of the city has never a word to say about
ind
the
A New Motor Journal
Latest Local Venture
"jft^ HE Auto Club is Vancouver's latest ventrue,
^^ ture, and judging by the appearance of
first issue, just to hand, it bid's fair to take a premier
place among the monthlies published on the Pacific
Coast. It is speclfi.C_a.lly devoted t<5 the Interests and
Advancement of 'Motoring in Hritish Columbia, and
contains some smartly written and exceedingly entertaining articles. "For the man behind the Steering
Wheel "Rover" contributes a useful talk that will he
eagerly read by all lovers of the auto. "A Monthly
c*i*rt with our readers of the Fair Sex," under the
department of "The Lady and the Car" will be
written by that charming writer. Laura Rees Thomas.
Mr. Harry Wm. White, president of the Vancouver
Automobile Association, is the subject of a snappy
little article, and the Automobile Association notes
are interestingly and entertainingly written. Altogether, this twenty-six page journal reflects creditibly
upon the enterprise of the Vancouver Automobile
Club and should prove a* great asset to the motoring
life of our Province. The Journal is published by the
Progress Publishers Co.
Casualty Insurance Plan for Soldiers
The United States government proposes to abolish
lhe system of pensions for wounded soldiers and for
the surviving kin o*f soldiers killed in battle and to sub
stitute therefore a casualty insurance plan, according
to dispatches from Washington. A committee of officers of some of the lafgest life insurance companies
in the country will begin a series of conferences with'CS( privilege
Secretary of the Treasury McAdoo this week on the
formulation of the proposed legislation. The tentative
proposals are: A minimum compensation of $1500
for the death of an enlisted man. A maximum compensation of $1500 for total disability. A maximum
compensation of $5000 for the death or total disability
of an officer. It is proposed to pay this compensation
not in a lump sum, but in a series of instalments extending over a period of years.
Two plans are under consideration. ()ue provides
that the government shall insure its soldiers against
death and injury with the insurance companies which
accept the business at the high rates which would be
charged for war risks. The other provides that the
government shall undertake the whole obligation, Congress appropriating sufficient funds to cover the death
^nd injury benefits. If the latter plan should be adopter it would be a system not of insurance but of limited
pensions.
course, is out of the jurisdiction of the strong
the law. An amendment to the Criminal Code i- the
only cure for this evil. Xow, what do the citizens
think of all this? What i< the use of any body of men
trying to clean up any city whin the law is against
them? Why can it not be amended? Simply, my dear
reader, because you are nol taking enough interest in
the affairs of lhe city. True, we have Social Service'
Councils lo look after these thing-, lull, these institutions so far have not amounted to anything- The Social Service Council in Vancouver i.- a jok(
trolled by a clergyman or iwo who suffer severely
from au exaggerated idea of their own importance,
but-who have really done nothing to help clean up tlic
citv. One lone womatl, Mrs. J. (>. Ten";, is all lhal
the Social Service of Vancouver amounts to. and her
herculean efforts for the uplift of fallen humanity in
this city will never be known.. To this lady Vancouver
owes a deep debt of gratitude, and the people could assist her materially in the good work she is attempting
lo do. by protesting against the indifference of the Social Service Council, and by demanding thai these men
vacate the places they hold on those important boards,
and make room for those who are bigger and better
men, and more willing to work in a good cause, and
for the common welfare. The Criminal Code can be
altered and the city cleaned, if the citizens are willing
to pay the price. The Standard advises every citizen
who has an interest in the city to visit the police court,
and see, and hear what goes on there. Show the officials that you are in sympathy with their work and
that you arc willing to make sacrifices that their hands
may be strengthened. Parents go ami see for yourselves to what depths of degradation the sons and
daughters of otlier"s fall, and then go home and thank
God for good homes and innocent children, and spend
your interest, energy and influence in helping to purify
and keep sweet the most beautiful city in thi- fair Dominion.   It is your duty so to do.   It i- also your great-
b
rom
l in False Creek���great
engineering wonder- of
'ht to a close, yet never
mid do justice lo one
las been Opened, is a
the continent, is bein
a word in the press.
"The Creat N'orthetl I >cpnt w
nf the great eastern cities, vet it
beauty -pot and a thing for a Vancouver man to boast
about, but it might as well be a way station fm* all the
pride ue seem to take in il.
"Three or four years ago when wc bail 10.000
thieves, liar- and  swindler- in  our midst, the papers
i- ___"_-��__  I were chock full of what was about to happen in Van-
t l., con ' i
couver.
"Today when everything is happening, the papers
have not a word in say about it.
"These are the best day- lhal Vancouver has ever
seen.    Prom a transportation standpoint we have the
edge on any oilier city in llu- world.    We have a pay-
11 building tip and the smoke i- issuing from a thous-
��� ^	
and factories. We are going ahead commercially.
Everyone seems in be gelling mi his feet. Business
men say that their -ales are greater tllis year than in
I'M I. Rents are going up. Land is becoming valuable
foi' its real, legitimate value. The banks are lending
out more money than heretofore. The lumber industry is going on. ihe mining industry i- better than it
ever was. I 'nr hotels beat the world. Our scenic wonder.- are marvelous. Vancouver at ihis season i- the
wonder city of America. Our park.-, our gardens,
mountains, water- combine In make our surroundings
as near like a paradise as ever man will see upon this
earth. We have California backed oft' the map for real
summer loveliness. Yet we air unfortunate in having
a certain section of citizenship unresponsive to our vast
Opportunities and thi- unhappy element seem- to he iii
with a pros which unfortunately does noi seem
to grasp the necessity ni keeping the wonder- nf our
of mir province well to the front."
close up tomorrow and the city
In the post office and govern-
mpioy generally, there are many loafers of a
workable age. who are doing practically nothing for
alse I their wages.   They could be relieved without inconveni-
soonjence t0 the general public, and. in any case substitutes
' could be found in the ranks of waiting women.   Scores
of bank clerks in this city would find work in a hay field
a much more strenuous, a more manly job. The
Labor Temple could supply a few farm hands from
amongst a multitude of secretaries and organizers who
neither toil nor spin. Preachers, teachers, editors and
everybody who can be -pared, should be conscripted at
once to gather in our harvest. While our parliamentary
men are amusing themselves, killing time in political
manoeuvering and manipulating, the yreat crop- of
Western Canada, upon which the salvation of the Empire, and the fortunes of our own soldiers depend, are
about to rot in the field- through lack of sufficient harvest int;- labor. Were this labor not available wc might
find some excuse fur ihe present pusillanimous position
of our Parliament, but the fact i- right here we have ail
manner of help, were it only organized and ordered
aright. Canada's first duty at the present hour is to
keep the men overseas fed and lit. and any man wlm in
any way hinders the carrying out ni thi- obligation is a
traitor to the cause for which we light. Upon the heads
of our politicians must rest the onus of our present domestic dilemma, but upon the people must rest tin*
guilt if it is allowed to continue. To War or to Work is
the slogan of evcrvone in this Dominion.
Eden, the
fairest of
city and the virtue-
Shipbuilding in St. John, N. B
The semi-centennial of Confederation finds St.
John. N. B., engaged in the construction of a fleet of
wooden sieamers to relieve the necessities of the Motherland. Grant & Home have contracted with the Imperial Munitions Board to build two steamers of a cargo carrying capactiy of 3000 tons. These will be constructed in a shipyard that was famous in the days
of wooden ships for the magnificent vessels it turned
out, but which has been silent like all the other shipyards in this locality for thirty years or more. Two
other firms are arranging to. build wooden ships im
I
AI loco A Plague
May Break Out at Any Time
IOCO, the oil city on tlu- Inlet, thej emploj
from 300 to 500 men.    Some of these men have
families and find it necessary tn live rrstn the works.
So they have squatted upon privately owned property
adjoining the great industrial plant.
N'ear loco is a military reserve and a considerable
area of other lands held privately. Hut "leir is no
townsite. The squatters have built their little houses
here and there and everywhere. No-precautions for the
conservation of health have been taken. There is no
sewerage system or water system. In the town several hundred people live. One of these day- au epidemic will break out.
It is up to the Provincial Government to waste no
time in laying out a townsite near at hand where lots
may be bought by the workmen at reasonable figures
and where some organized effort can he made towards
caring for the public health.
fD
ami
ITH the warm weather has come our friend tl
mosquito.    He has invaded the Eraser Valley,
already hundred- of the residents have been compelled to flee before the attacks of the ruthless invader. Like the Huns he preys upon women and
children, and also like nur martial enemies, the better
conditioned his quarry is, so much more does In
hound them.
The mosquito pest i- a real one in the Frasei
Valley, In this district, one of the most beautiful and
fruitful in our Province, life iu summer time is almost
unbearable.    There  are  remedies  that  could  be eui-
Brilish Columbia Suffers
When Roads Are Neglected
���j^-IIE Garden of the god-, the Earthly
O Garden of the \\ orld���-Chilliwack,
valley-.
"And tu think of it; that fur the want of three
yards of gravel and a half day- work with team ami
scraper the public should be cut off from visiting that
lovely place al this season of the year ."
Pause while we hear J. T. Wilkinson address the
Automobile Club. He is on hand at the meeting looking for a light. Hut he is too skookum for these victims of the -ell starter and the deep cushions. Fail-
ing to find one to tight with him he inhales deeply,
face, the gathering, opens the
gates of oratory.
.uth and the  fl'
"We are entertaining  tourists
from all over the
world,'' says he, "and we have nn i
nore attractive p a
m lake motor parties than the l'i'
aser Valley with it-
entrancing scenic .tmi i limatic tea
lure.-.    Now hi" e
earth i- summer more delightful
than at Chilliwack
Yet  motorists  cannot   reach  thei    because   so k
lias neglect ���'! i" keep the road open at Stitnas frairii
a short piece ihi- side of the mountain.
"A party ni tourists arrived here onl) the other day
mi iheir way from Honolulu t i .Ww York. They desired before leaving llritish Columbia to visit Chilli-
Why Whitemen Have to
Give Way to Japanese
W E are informed by a man officially interested in
the fishing industry of British Columbia that
the fishing business has fallen into the hands of the
Japanese for the reason that white men engaged in
that industry arc. in the great majority of cases, too
dissolute in their habits.
The Japanese is on thc job with the first streak
mediately with the expectation of later on becoming'of dawn. There is never much doubt that he will be
steel ship plants. These are the St. John Ship-Build-, on the job again tomorrow. You can depend upon the
ing Co., and D. A. Saker, an English builder. __ The j Japanese fishermen; you can't depend upon the white-
latter has bought the Warner Mill property, fronting! men.
on the main harbor for that purpose. He will put, Eight hundred Japs secured licenses in a single dav
down three ships at once. St. John was the home oftat Steveston last week; less than eighty whites. All
wooden ships from 1770 to 1884. In 1876, the year j the Japs were sober; an appafing number of whites
preceding the great fire, this port stood fourth in the: came drunk.
list of great shipping ports of the world, having 805 i Let the editor of the local organ of the T. W. W.
ship's in the register, aggregating 280,073 tons. The copy this article if he dare. And let us say that drunk-
revival of wboden shipbuilding, after all the old build-, ness alone is not the cause of the white men falling
ers had passed away and all the old ship-yards had. down on the fishing industry on the Eraser. Laziness
been dismantled, marks an epoch of great importance j and indifference are equally responsible,
in the history of the city. I
ployed to get rid of this insect. In the Panama Ganal|wac*c' '
region Major Goethals successfully waged war upon we |ul""
the "boche" and what has been done in other nlnrps lhad to turn back.    It w
consented tl
the rt ater I
id as gui
d : i-eu 11
lias [.ecu done in oilier places
could be at least attempted here. The Department
of Agriculture should take the matter into consideration and something should be done to alleviate the
suffering of thc natives and of the hundreds of our
girls who will be employed fruit-picking in the next
few months in this infested region. The purchase
of a quantity of the right kind of oil. and its judicious
distribution among the farms of the valley, would be
an act that would be appreciated. It would redound
to the credit of the Government, for it would be the
first and only effective attempt that has ever been
made to relieve the plague. "Hot Air" has been tried
several times by government members and officials
but only with the usual result. Mosquitos cannot be
blown away, they must be smothered.
most belittlinE
\nd at the l'rau"'
ver ti e road and so we
nost aggravating, most
���xperience 1 have ever
annoying am
gone through.
"Officials and members of this \ ancouver Automobile Association should hang their heads in shauic
at the condition of this road to Chilliwack. So should
the people employ eil by the government and every
other person pretending to have the welfar of our province at heart."
Wilkinson, still hot. continues:
"There is. for instance, the Harrison Hot Spring-,
one of the most delightful resorts in America, east or
west. Vancouver people who motor have found out
the charms of the Harrison Hot Springs Hotel and the
hospitality of Manager John O'Brien. But as long
as the road is blocked at Sumas we are cut off from
motoring to the Springs. This is particularly distressing to visitors from outside points, means a loss of
money to the country and mighty poor advertising."
Members of the Auto Club listen with both ears as
Mr. Wilkinson proceeds to call attention to the great
need of repairs of the road to the Chilliwack \ alley.
Finally the advocate sits down, and it is moved, seconded and carried that that he be appointed a committee
of one���moved by Fin Russell and sci
dav. 1 R. H. Gale���to go forward ana s^e t
During the time of his stav near the sad sea waves,! shape,
the Reverend Craig will receive no letters, neither will Wilkinson knows "what to do." He sees Weart,
he attend to any business', as he feels himself to be in! Walters. King. Oliver and sundry other honorable
need of complete rest. (gentlemen.   If the road-isn't fixed right away he pro-
His esteemed colleague, the Rev. A. E. Cooke, has.'poses to make life a burden for every official of the
however, consented to contribute an interesting article (government  from "he  Premier  down  to  the  path-
Popular Contributor Tal^es
Well Earned Rest
jw* E regret to announce that The Standard and its
\\j many readers will be the loser of the able contributions by the Rev. Richmond Craig, for thc period
of six weeks or thereabouts, as the Reverend gentleman
intends taking a very necessary and well deserved holi-
ride'd by Aid.
; mad put in
i\
| in this week's issue.
1 master at Sumas Prairie TWO
THE   STANDARD
SATURDAY, JULY 21, 1917
fi
AN ALL DAY CRUISE
AMONG THE
BEAUTIFUL
MOUNTAINS OF
HOWE    SOUND
Ballena
Steamers
a.m.   f'r
returning
leave Union Dock daily at 9:15 a.m.. Sunday at 10:30
Bowen lilind, Britannia Mines, Squamish ami way points
at 7:30 p.m.
Meals on Board
Or. Saturdays a Steamer leaves Union Dock at 2:00 p.m. fur Bowen
Island  direct,  returning  from   Bowen Island at 6:30 a.m.  on   Monda
With our good Hotel Service this makes a delightful week end.
SUNDAY   SPECIAL-ALL  POINTS $1.00 RETURN TRIP
Terminal Steam Navigation Company Ltd.
UNION DOCK PHONE SEY 6330-6331
TAKE   CAR   TO   COLUMBIA   AVENUE
The Pacific Great Eastern Railway
INVITES YOU TO SPEND YOUR
Week-End or Vacation
at one of the many beautiful places in the
Switzerland  of North America
A SIX-HOUR RIDE BY  BOAT AND RAIL THROUGH SCENERY UNRIVALLED  FOR ITS  NATURAL BEAUTY.
We will gladly furnish information as to
Fares, Hotel Accommodations, Camp Sites, Fishing, etc.
Apply 404 Welton Block. Seymour 9547
Pacific Great Eastern   Ry.
Summer Voyages of Two to Six Days
by the
Eigbt Vessels "8" in Regular Service
of
Union Steamship Co'y.
of B.C. Limited
Calling at all Northern B. C. Points
Head Offices: VANCOUVER
Union Dock, Foot of Carrall Street.
Telephone Seymour 306
Also Victoria and Prince Kupert
Canadian Northern Railway
TRANSCONTINENTAL
LEAVESVANCOUVER1
���.00 A. M. SUNDAY WEDNESDAY FRIDAY, 9.00' A.M.
SCENIC ROUTE BETWEEN VANCOUVER AND TORONTO. SHORT
LINE TO EDMONTON AND PRAIRIE POINTS. NEW AND MODREN
EQUIPMENT. ELECTRIC LIGHTED STANDARD AND TOURIST
SLEEPING, DINING AND COMPARTMENT OBSERVATION CARS.
DAILY    LOCAL    SERVICE
7 00 p.m.    Leave    VANCOUVER  ... .Arrive a.m. ll.HS
946 p.m.    Arrive    Chilliwack    Arrive a.m.    8.U
11.00 p.m.    Arrive    Hope    Leave a.m.    7.(0
Full particulars may be obtained from any Canadian Northern Agent.
DISTRICT   PASSENGER- OFFICE   ���   008   HASTINGS   STREET   WEST
Phone Seymour 2482
RAIL TICKETS TO ALL POINTS
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Lines
C. B. J.nn.y. O. A. P. D.
rk.ru: Uf. Ill*
W. O. C_.i_.llr. C. f. W.
II!  Or.-_.lll. StfMI
To "Get a Move On"
TRY CAMPBELL'S MOVING SERVICE for the
""'    removal of your HOUSEHOLD GOODS
Nearly 20 years experience has put' us in a position where we can say
"WE KNOW HOW."
and prove it right up to the hilt.
Talk your moving plans over with us. Phone
Seymour 7360 or come on down and see us if you
can. Get acquainted with our big moving organization���then you'll be perfectly content to leave your
order with us.
CAMPBELL'S
FIREPROOF WAREHOUSEi
Security   Fireproof   Stornge   and
Moving  Co.   Limited.
CHAS. E. CAMPBELL, Manager
786 BEATTY ST. Phone Sey. 7360
Where to go and What to Sev���Recreation, Cycling, Fishing, Camping,  Wheel Wanderings, Etc.
ARGUE!
acoQ
Classified Advertising
(Uy Rover)
Easy Summer
Holiday Trips
GIBSON'S LANDING
Here is one of the old settlement!
which offers a varied programme of
pleasure to the summer camper or
week-end visitor, Being within a very
short distance of Vancouver the busy
city man may make a home for his
family and spend weed-ends in their
society, or he who needs rest after the
strain of the town can get in and out
of Gibson Park during the months of
heat and yet be within touch with his
business.
There is splendid shelter for boating and yachting���gootl wharfage with
a general air of repose and peace i"
evidence, assisted by the settled appearance of the place, and making th
whole  effect happily  soothing  t"  lh
senses.
ff ff ff
NICKSON'S QUARRY
On Hardy Island, which is supplying huge quantities of rock for government work, deserves mention as an
example of the many prosperous concerns up and down tlie coast, which in
lumber, mineral, pulp, fisheries, ami
canneries are assisting to greatly further the prosperity of British Columbia.
* * *
YEUCALTAU RAPIDS
A sight which every tourist should
endeavor to view from the deck of a
vessel, and one he is unlikely to forget is the passage of these rapids. Sn
powerful and tempestuous are they in
their "wild uncertain flow," that the
greatest nicety must be Observed as
to time, otherwise, if the run be against
the vessel..she must wait some hours
before being able to accomplish the
passage.
The famous rapids lie between Stewart and Thurlow Islands, nearly off
Bute Inlet, and the mighty power of
the water rages and tears by the keel
as the serene ship directs her course
across their tortuous foaming masses,
for this is the only word wliich at all
fitly describes the great bulk of the
green heights or depths as they are
raised or depressed by the awful swirl
of the shooting torrents. There is
also very swift water in the Green
Point Rapids, Wyatt Bay and Surge
Narrows. The fascination experienced on a first trip through these wonders of the coast is ever recurring and
increasing on succeeding passages.
Interesting also arc the Yeucaltau
Rapids for the recollections associated
with Captain Vancouver, who, when
over a hundred years ago, he was exploring these waters made his camp
at a spot dead-a-head which today
bears thc historic title of the "old
village of Vancouver," and is so marked on the charts.
* * *
LUND
is situated ten minutes away
from Savary Island. Here thc tourist will better appreciate the beauties
of nature on viewing'this picturesque
little bay lifter emerging from the
channel through thc Ragged Islands.
These latter are many in number, set
amid the broad-bosomed waters.
"Where walling round maternal Nature's breast,
Gives comfort, peace and blessed
rest."
display a magnificent vista, beyond
which as the vessel emerges through
the narrow channel. Lund opens up
on the port how. tucked in a happy
bower of trees, with cottages shrwing
artistically here and therc. The small
bay is picturesquely rocky and shows
in heavy masses of shading in dark
brown and sage green. \
-Very good boating and fishing may
be had at Lund, the place being ideal
for anglers.
FLORISTS
BROWN BROS. & CO., LIMITED,
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, 48
Hastings St. E., and 782 Granville
Street, Vancouver, B.  C.
WATCHMAKER
10,000 WATCHES and CLOCKS
wanted to clean and repair at the
factory, 438 RICHARDS STREET
THURSTON BAY
is interesting as the notrthern headquarters of the department of forestry,
and from here all subjects connected
with this important branch of the public service are handled for the surrounding country.
* * *
PENDER ISLAND
For   sheer   spectacular   effect,   yet
combining many of the softer graces
as bestowed by the tender foliage and
delicately shaded water, Pender Harbour impresses the visitor more, perhaps, than any other place on these
interesting northwestern  trips.
Immediately before entering the harbor, Mount Diadem, 6050 feet, is seen
towering in superlative loneliness
above the surrounding hills, presenting a lining introduction to a scene ol
'luaiiiincss and beauty worthy of the
brush of the artis-t���Nature.
The hills to the northewest .bow
very open and well-wooded, with foliage sloping to the line of coast; then
suddenly rounding a bend into the harbour through a very narrow channel,
a tiny island dotted with huts is observed. This is a small Indian Reserve and there is a suggestion of
pathos in the fact that every drop of
water used by the Indian must be
transported to the reserve, as there is
no spring oil the island. It appears
somewhat of a tragedy that the origj
inal lords of the soil should be reduced
to an island of very small compass,
without water���the humblest of Nature's bounties.
Islets are dotted here and there in
the harbour, wild Mowers of vivid yellow and mauve paint the sloping
moss-clad hills, while orchards show,
in the spring beauties of
"Her     tender     garments,     sweetly
bright;
In    green    and    pink,    and    virgin
white."
Herring fishing is pursued with
great vigor during the season which
lasts  from  October to March.
Within easy reach from Pender
Harbor, after passing westwards is]
Pointer Point, so-called for the reason
of some 'hieroglyphics in red paint,
ochre, or native pigment, inscribed on
the rocks by Indians generations ago,
and stimulating the interests of the
curious.
VAN ANDA
This  is  one  of  the   places  on   the
coast  where,   in  addition   to  beautiful
surroundings, good accommodation is
provided   for  the  visitor,  and  is   par-1
ticularly interesting today, in view of:
the important revival in the'mining industry of thc province. I
Almost   opposite   Van    Anda   lies
Powell    River, the great pulp and paper mill.
* * *
We cannot too frequently urge those
of our readers who have never indulged in a cycle tour to keep in the
front of tlieir minds the advisability
of sampling this���the happiest phase
of the pastime at the earliest possible
moment, lu this matter we can well
afford to ignore the vaporings of the
spoil sports and kill joys to whom
pleasure cycling appears to be a deadly sin, but we do not forget the importance of considering the project
from the financial point of view and
of bearing in mind the need for economy.
Is a cycle lour consistent with a desire to economize? Considering the
question broadly, we have no hesitation in replying to this question in the
affirmative. In the first place, the cost
of such a tour need not be excessive,
but thc rider is also bound to take into
account thc physical and mental benefits. As we have more than once insisted, this matter assumes a far
greater importance now than it has
ever before possessed, for, in view
of the peculiarly difficult conditions
under which most of us are working,
it is vital, in our own interests as we
as in those of the nation, that we keep
ourselves as fit as possible.
* * *
We do not know any better way-
any shorter cut���for restoring the
jaded worker to his normal health
both in mind and body, than i few
days of cycling. The delightful exer
cise, the unlimited fresh air, the constant change of scene, the romance
of travel, the surprises and mild adventures of the open road���rhese
things in combination will be found to
be a certain cure for overwork or mental  depression.
* * *
We therofore urge our readers���especially those who have no personal
acquaintance with the best "phase of
cycling���to make a point this year of
indulging in a cycle tour. Even a
week-end���even 36 hours away from
home���will  produce  excellent results.
Never mind about thc mileage; never
mind about a fixed programme. Just
get out into the country, into the fresh
air.
It is stated that Clarence Cameron,
now America's foremost pace-follower
suffered from paralysis in both lejjs
when an infant, and took to cycling as
a remedy on the suggestion of a doctor.
�� �� *
There is a distinct tendency among
various authorities just now to recognize and proclaim the value of fresh
air for healing and recuperative purposes. Medical men are declaring
that nothing can be more beneficial
to our wounded warriors when in the
convalescent stages, while those whose
business is to study the welfare of the
workers are waxing no less enthusiastic over the effects of that treatment,
which is the simplest and'cheapest of
all. There is no better way of assimilating the life giving properties of
fresh air than  by  cycling.
health, unless it is balanced by seme
sort of fresh air rationing, and we
surely need all the strength there is in
these days. There is nothing which
leads to general debility, nervous
troubles and the like, so much as ti.e
neglect of one of the freest of t're
good things of the world. And we
doubt if there exists anywhere a pla e
where it may be obtained at the cost
of such very little trouble.
THE NEED FOR EXERCOSE
All outdoor folks will echo this
sound doctrine, and will doubtless
agree, too, tllat "town dwellers" are
apt to overlook the need for exercise,
for the temptation to be carried, by
train or boat, even for thc shortest
distance arc great. It is a puzzle why
a strong and healthy boy or girl will
stand for a quarter of an hour or longer in a car in order to travel a distance
that could easily be walked in ten
nvnutes.    This is often done.
SUBSTANTIAL INCOMES
(Etom The Chilliwack Progress.)
What did your best cow earn fbr
you last year? A seven-year-old grade
in a herd near Oxford Mills, Out., that
milked from March 30. 19116. to Jan.
���30, 1917, gave 3353.9 pounds of fat,
which at 45 cents per pound equals the
substantial sum of $16375. Perhaps
you got more. Fortunately, thc owner
of this herd is keeping records of each
cow that he owns and has the satisfaction of knowing that six out of his
fifteen cows earned over $150 each.
With milk weighed every tenth day,
and a composite sample tested once a
month, the actual yield of each cow
for her full period of lactation can be
found with but little trouble. Milk and
feed record forms are free on application   to   the   Dairy   Division,   Ottawa.
We live in an era when close appIi-lA study of records should mean an
cation to business, whether at the! increase in your cows earning capacity
desk or at the lathe, is an absolute; byatleastl'iftyperceiit.inth .. .thsca hr
necessity. But'there is a great danger i by at least fifty per cent, in three
that over-application    may    endanger I years.
What Shall We Do For Our Crippled Soldiers'
By J. S. DENNIS, of th* GP.R,
IT la Interesting and gratifying to
note the application of thought
and skill with which Canada Is
undertaking the great problem of
taring for those of our soldiers who
have received Injuries ln the battles
i gainst the Huns. Napoleon would
change h's opinion that "Republics
i re ungrateful" could the "Little
Corporal" learn of lhe plans now b��-
.. v; 'corked out for the care and re-
liair.lng of our boys who arc return-
���i ���- crippled and maimed from the
trenches of Flanders and Belgium, so
I. at tiiey will be able again to lake
[I.i ir places in the ranks of self-sup-
lorHi.g soldiers of industry.
We have only to turn back to the
history of ihe civil war to learn the
. .\ K.i;i    lur   Napoleon's   declaration.
Tlio  maimed  veterans of  the  Union
Army  were received  as heroes,  ban
"oil led and feted, provided with arti-
tela] limbs, consigned to the class of
i bile charily, and all tco soon  per-
��� iitfd lo driri into the almost hope-
���ess battle lor a livelihood in a world
ai    promptly   forgot   their   heroic
tetit,   ' I.Mile    wonder    that    aim?
reputes   under   the   name   of   soldier
omes ��ne soon  found necessary In
ii-iy seciion of  the country.
. Hindu  is going about  this great
I'otiletn    lu    an    entirely    different
. nner.      The     Military     Hospitals
iitiiinlsslon     has     Inaugurated     the
in iple lhal It is as much the duty
tl e Ftale lo prepare the crippled
lilli r ior ihe haitlps of civil Ife aa
Is io provide him with ihe proper
���Mitral ai.d surgical care for'his In-
ih s   Vocational uainli.g even dur-
i: the period of convalescence iu the
nMplmls.  tins  already  demonstrated
lie wisdom nf ihis plan.   Many men
���ho have suffered sin h severe losses
i��  thai   ol  .in  arm  or a   leg   or  the
gbl   ol   an  eye.   ban-  been  enabled
I lough Hie training provided  under
h.-  Commissions  directions  to  earn
hpller  Hvln;  than  before they  enisled lor overseas.
Hul so far Canada has only worked
'in the lest, as efficiency men say.. It
.ns   heen   demonstraled   that   voce-
i mi ii I   training   of   our  crippled   soldiers  is .(in  economic  saving   to  tbe
'indy  politic���that  their value to the
'nip Is greatly Increased and that in
ihi-h   of   being   public   charges   they
au   lie   made   independent   and   self-
icqiportlng      There   is   un   insistent
''inund   for  a   broadening  of   opera-
oh-  however.    The   Military   Hospi-
,i. i oil-missions and the Provincial
ii.oiosshiiis   have   npl   as   yet   been
>���'.*   ui   handle   nil   esses   promptly
... wMin. ot nl met ourselves to the faci
ihi    ��p   will   have   n   iiiu.'h   lare.e.-
lUUer  01   .imi'RPs  yel   to care   tor.
erft ib'. maimed and crippled from
i p I'linadinn Army now in llie hospi-
i'i   In   France   and   Kngland   ih   be
���iiilenlv   iransnorted   lo   our   shores
��� -  v-oiild hr  literally swamped  with
'"tlo.lits   nnd   .ould   care   for   but   a
,..,||  ner-pnlage.
I'hls enlargement of the scope of
Ms work tboiild not be undertaken
iomn a temporary basts. II will take
Mine to properly train these men.
.-ome will he more adept than others,
tint the initial investment required
to build training schools and homes
will bring a big return during the
years to come.
At the present time the United
States maintains nine National
Homes for disabled soldiers, 'which
were erected at a cost of $6,771,427.
The number cared for in these homes
Is upwards of 25,000 yearly���mostly
disabled veterans of the Civil War.
which was ended more than 60 yeari
ago. In addition to these national
homes, practically each one of the
Northern    SUtee    maintain    state
homes for disabled soldiers, ln which
some 12,000 veterans are-cared for
annually. These homes are practically alms houses with Federal and
State Uovernments. providing the
maintenance. |
No attempt was made In establishing these homes to train the maimed
bo that they could overcome the
handicap of their injuries. The Iobb
ot an arm or limb, or an eye was con-:
Bidered of such a permanent nature
lhat the patient must bc cared for as
a public charge for lhe balance of hia
life. Perhaps this w_.s because of the
lack of knowledge ot the wonders of
vocational training; perhaps it was
but the shifting,oi governmental responsibility. 3 It must be said, of
course, that all disabled soldiers of
Ihe Union Army did not enter these
.���nines. There were many who fought
out llieir Individual handicap and tin-
ally succeeded ln training themselves
to fight life's battles successfully.
I_et us assume that Canada invests
one-half of the money in so-called
soldier homes that the United States
did. roughly. $5,000,040, and that we
started out to make tbeae homes
technical schools as well as hospitals.
How many lines of Industry could
eventually be supplied with trained
workers from sueh a source! Canada
needs skilled farmers to wrest th*
wealth that nature has so abundantly stowed away In our prairies, or
even In the farms of the older settlements of Quebec and Ontario. What
better way for the state to provide
these expert farmers tban to tdncat*
as many nf these disabled soldiers as
show a  leaning  toward  sericulture!
There Is too much haphazard employment at the best of times; and
with tht flood of men having to be
placed simultaneously, there Is a
greatly Increased danger of shovlag
them into places /without regard to
niltahlIty tPutting square pegs Into!
round boles does not pay. We musti
use brains and Ingenuity In forming
our plans for doing the best that oul
be done for and with the returning:
men. Good people often say to
tbem "Nothing is too good for you."1
It Is easy to talk like that, in vaguel
generalities, but we have got to come .,
down to particulars and find ont to*'
detail what is best for the men���yes,
an. for each particular man, with;
his individual capacities and aptitudes.
Surely the soldier who bas risked
his life and lost his liml or has been
otherwise disabled, deserves the very
best that the state ponaibly can give
him. It is not charity���but justice..
The productive value of these re-i
trained soldiers will be an addition
to our assets rather than a charge
and a liability. " |
During the fifty yea*s since the'
Civil War the United States hts paid,
out more than a billion dollars in
pensions to veterans and their de-;
pendents. No one can deny the duty!
of the state to provide for the dls-i
abled soldiers. Tbe pension Ib but ai
partial payment of the debt to the;
disabled hero. The debt Includes, as'
well, all possible help so that he may,
with the assistance of his pension
and the special training in suitable;
vocations, be able to provide as welt
or better for his family as he could'
have done before he volunteered his
services in defence of th3 Empire.;
This, like all other assistance, how-j
ever, merely puts the man in a post-!
tion to compete on an equal footing. |
He is in a better position to fight the,
"Battle of Life." , But no matter howj
much the state helps him, lt is up to!
the man himself to make the best use
of tbe advantages and to succeed.     J SATURDAY, JULY 21,  1917
THE   STANDARD
THREE
Milady's Gossip
(BY  "LAURINA' )
During the trying period in which
<mr Empire has been immersed in war,
much   has   been   written   and   laid   I
mothera ol v.ns, urging them to give
their W.y. to thc cause of patriotism.
Surely, now. ihc time lias come when
something ihould be said to the mothers of daughters, for the women oi
the future must face condition, vastly different from those which were
the outlook of the generation before
her. The effect of the war has been
to utterly change economic conditions
the world over, particularly where women  |are   concerned.     Centuries
old
>d
habits, customs and ideas are tumbl
topsy-turvy on one side, if not   to be
consigned forever to oblivion, at least
to be altered and widened until thej
will be past recognition.
In some cases, of course, this will
apply more forcibly to life in the
Mother Country, at thc same time
there are many views of life which
must of necessity be rcfocussed by
women of the colonics.
There is one particular outlook
which is more or less unconsciously,
but nevertheless deeply implanted as
a certainty in the heart of the average
mother of girls, and that is that marriage is the natural and unfailing destiny of their daughters.
A    couple    of    generations    ago    a
spinster was regarded as au object of
pity,  often  of  ridicule,  it  was  tacitly
understood   that   through  some   fault
of her own, some lack of charm
possession of such doubtful virtue
a   temper,  or  too  stinging  a  tongue
had prevented her attainment to the
blissful estate  of marriage,  that end
to which all girls were brought up to
look  forward as  the  summit of ambition.    But for many years this distorted idea has been steadily altering,
and thc  woman  wage-earner,  the being who could make provision for her.
own future independent of a husband
is no longer a rariety.
PARENTS TOO CONTENT
At the same time ihc averag parents in comfortable circumstances are
too content to rest secure iu tin.' very
natural hope that the future of their
girls will be taken-earc of by some
man of their acquaintance, or by ST.me
chance stranger that comes along. To
this visionary end they are educat
supported, amused and dressed, only
too often at a sacrifice from their
parents, and the best, the most productive and useful years of their lives a_re
frittered away in fictitious emotionalisms, and dreams, hopes and strivings for ti remote chance of settlement in life which may never occur.
That for some years lhe chance of
ultimate marriage for many girls has
"leen a remote one is true, but in the
 i	
future th.*. chances are apparently destined  to be  -till  more  slender.     I'.c-
l' 'I'    tit.- war there were far more women  in  Britain  than  there  were  men
to marry them; after the war if il lasts
any   appreciable   time   longer,   at   the
present rate of carnage statistics show
that there will be an average of something like ten or more women to ever)
one  man.    The  numbers  may  not  be
quite so appalling in the colonies, bm
the fact tliat there will not be anything
like  a   sufficient  number  of  husbands
for  the  marriageable  women  remains
a certainty.    There  is the possibility
or it might he called a probability to
be  faced  that  many of those  women
from   Britain   will   eventually   invade
our   shores,���the   younger   ones   will
never care to remain in such an Adam-
ess Eden���and it has always been the
accepted idea that women in the colonies have a far better chance of marrying than those of thc Mother Country,
so without doubt there is every likelihood   of   a   decided   increase   in   the
ranks  of  competitive  women  in  this
country after the war.
Surely then  it would he  good  for
mothers   with   daughters  drawing  towards  young womanhood,  to  put  on
one side those, firmly established and
natural hopes of marriage  for them,
and face bravely the truth as it shows
itself today, which means that while
a large percentage of the coming generation of women wil not marry until
late  in  life���un  the  thirties���a  much
s, larger percentage will not marry at all.
���  Therefore unless it is possible  for
parents to provide for the futures of
their girls in such a manner as lo ensure them against want, why not educate  and  prepare  them  for  a  future
which   will   be   self   supporting,   and
teach them to face squarely and sanely
the realities and possibilities of a life
apart  from  marriage.
GENERAL EFFICIENCY
the independence of women a- wage-
earners, lamenting iu fear that marriage will lose its charm for them,
they will no longer bc content to settle down to quiet home life and the
duties of motherhood; but we can safely venture to disregard those vice-.
for a- long as women are women they
will never lo-e their prediliction for
marriage a- iln- most complete and
satisfactory settlement in lite.
PREHISTORIC INSTINCT
-��� Wc aii- just a- primitive at heart today as in those days when thc man
who wished to marry tapped hi- lad)
love on the head with bis stone club,
lucked her under his arm. and carried
her off. The war has irrefutably proved
that all the centuries of progressive
civilization have done nothing towards nullifying our primal instincts,
for when a vital dispute called for adjustment, what did we do but revert
back through all the ages and start to
kill one another,���that the killing is directed on more scientific, but no less
bloodthirsty lines is nothing to our
credit. So we may be equally sure
that the primitive instinct for mating
will never be lost nor even lessened
because present needs demand that
women shall for a time adapt themselves to new conditions.
It will be a very exceptional case
where love of a "job" will supersede
in the heart of a woman that natural
love for home and children, which is
planted in the very fibres of* her being.
Unless a girl is mentally deficient
she will always possess some sort of
ability, and the wise mother of today
will discover in- what direction that
ability tends, and act upon it as early
as possible, for so much more can be
done, habits and mental outlooks so
much more easily directed in the impressionable and formative years.
ft frequently occurs that a woman
no longer young, with no special gift
and possibly of inferior energies i-
thrust through adverse circumstances
into the world of competition. 'Then
mmences  a  hard,   cruel  and   bitter
not far distant time when every one
man will be fought for by ten or twelve
women, and to place tlieir feet in time
on some firm foundation, where they
can build for themselves a future
which  can  be  fearlessly  faced alone.
This week, instead oi commenting
upon the modes of the moment, which
show Imt little thai is striking or Original in innovations these days, being
bound by iln- tenets ot good taste to
simplicity and utility, I am reproducing for tbe benefit of my reader., who
may not have seen ii for themselves,
an article written to tlic London Daily
Mail by " \ Woman Worker." ll i.
headed���Get rid "f the skirt���and runs
a- follow-; "The skirt must go if women are to do serious work in the
future."
N'o woman would think of facing
modern life in a crinoline, and presently no woman will attempt it in a skirt.
The land girls have led the way; in
motor garages women get rid of their
skirts as soon as they enter; in ship
yards and engineering shops they
would not be bothered with them.
Wherever the -work is lirst thc skirt
is discarded. And.no woman who has
got rid of it wants to go back to it.
Therc is no merit in it. N'o one
would call it useful, and once perhaps
in a century fashion makes it beautiful.
At other times woman carries a drooping skirt or trails it in the mud; she
cultivates a peculiar walk to suit the
skirt: she looks like a sausage, or is
blown along like an aeroplane. Sh
will never be able to fight the ring of
contractors who change tbe fashions
so long as the skirt is retained. And
she will never have the chance of freedom  in anything.
The skirt is responsible for most of
the sins of women, for a good deal of
their physical weakness, and for their
poor  economic  position.
Why are women paid less than men
in work? Because they arc women.
Mr. Samuel said so when he was in
office. And it is thc skirt that makes
| them women, lt takes away from ihem
\
bone that had been bioken and was
still held in position by a workmanlike
splint  and   bandages
All the knots were proper reef
knots, and the wrappings showed how
the stri'js of palm fibre cloth were Set
just as a good surgeon would set them
nowadays. BO as to use the lull strength
of the fibre.
uncompleted applications to purchase held by any person on Active
Service may be protected by notification to the Lands Department Ot
the fact that such person is on Active
Service and by the filing of proof ot
the interest of such  person.
Further information will lie furnished on request to the Deputy. Min-
I ister of  Lands,  Victoria.   B.C.
Publication of this notice without
authority  will  not  be- paid  for.
LAND REGISTRY ACT
A SLACKER CONGRESS
The trouble wiih I .ngrc-.-. seJ	
the that it ba- no red appreciation of      ,.....,.   wnTICF
the seriousness of thc war or of tit.-   ,,.,, been ���,..,,,. ���, (
necessity for putting the government! Neish as owner iu
on a war basis,     ll  is dawdling along
as if the country were at peace, playing small politics with this  issue  and
that issue, and  trying t
that applicatii
gister I'eter Ml -
^^^^^^^^^^^^ fee under a Tax
Sale Deed from the Collector of the
Corporation of the District of South
Vancouver bearing dale the 17th day
of October. 1916, of Lot 10. Block
guess what-i 17, District Lots 391 and 392. Map
No. 2534. Municipality of South
Vancouver.
. .     .-   , .      ,    .,   , i     You   are   required   to   contest    the
pert advice if they are to be decided   C|aini   of   the   t:lx   lnlrcjiascr   within
intelligently.    It    is  anything  but    a  45 da
pleasant spectacle, and if there is any I of th
the folks at  home are thinking about
questions that must be decided by cx-
leadcrship left in Congress it canont
assert itself too soon. Otherwise the
American people will find themselves
with a broken-down government in
the midst of the most calami.ous war
known to history.
struggle which a methodical prepaI.a. their physical power and endurance
lion   lor   such   a   possibility in   votitb'woma"  who has  alwayS  ""'" :'  Sk'rl
NEW BOOKS
The  Hundredth  Chance  by  Ethel
M. Dell.
A Sheaf of Blue Bells by Baroness
Orczy
The Light in the Clearing by Irving aBchelor
The Red Planet by Wm. J. Locke
In A Little Town by  Rupert
Hughes.
Jerry, by Jack London.
And Many Others
G.S. FORSYTH & CO.
Corner Homer and Hastings
and Orpheum Block
IN THE COUNTY COURT OF
VANCOUVER
^^M 	
from the date of the service
notice (which may be effected
by publication hereof in five coqsec-
ulive weekly issues of "The Standard";.
AND WHEREAS on investigating
the title it appears that prior to the
22nd day of July, 1915, (the date On
which the said lands were sold for
overdue taxes) you L. A. Gaffin were
the Assessed owner thereof and you
John William Townsend were the
holder of an Agreement for Sale
dated 26th October, 1912, and registered under No. 69142F.
FURTHER TAKE NOTICE that
I shall effect registration in pursuance of such application and issue a
Certificate of Indefeasible Title to
the said lands in the name of PETER
McNElSH, unless you take and prosecute the proper proceedings to establish your claim, if any, to the said
lands or to prevent such proposed
action on my part.
Dated at the Land Registry Office,
Vancouver, B. C, this 20th day of
June.   A.D.,   1917.
ARTHUR G. SMITH,
District   Registrar   of  Titles.
>mcn
. and
Make tlieiu sensible and capabh
level has general efficiency in w
teen al such a premium as today
Ile -ti'!   if the future will he the one
ivh i with ti genuine desire to improve
Iter position, learris^how to turn her
experiences to profit, and has trained
her intelligence, energy, patience and
adaptability.
By helping them 'to concentrate
their power- upon fitting themselves
for a future, which, if the need hrises
they can live triumphantly alone, many
a martyrdom,of hint canity, bitter disappointment, and unrealized hopes
may b; averted, as well as many an ill-
ass irted marriage, for too many women marry from the sole motive of
securing their futures.
Of course, there is a large chorus
'of voices raised in loud protest against
Do you always use your telephone?
Travelling, even a short distance, takes time.
Your telephone saves minutes and saves energy. It matters not whether the party you
want is one mile or a hundred miles away,
the telephone takes you in a moment.
Don't travel miles to do business, speak
for a few minutes by telephone. Use the
telephone instead of writing; written communications lack the directness of conversation.
B. C. TELEPHONE CO.
Limited
might have prevented, for thc time to
guard against evil, is when the evil is
inly ti possibility and not a present
certainty.
WIDE SELECTION
There is today such a wide field of
selection for the woman worker, and
at   the   close  of  the   war  practically
every avenue in life will be open  ti
her. so that no capable girl who has
learned   to   adapt   herself   to   existing
needs,  but  should  be  able  to  build  t
future   for  herself  which  can   readily!
be faced alone, for the one who lias
been prepared, learns how  to fight her
own battles, to protect herself, and to
place her brain and ber efforts where
they will find ;i market.
There must be. of course, inevitable
times in the lives of even the un -I
independent and succeTst'ul uf women
Workers, when au intense longing for
care and protection, and that radiant
glow which only the love ot man and
children call bring into ti woman's
lite, calls very persistently, but these
arc only natural moments to any true
woman, and her character can only be
ennobled by them, for they bear no
trace of likeness to that suffering and
humiliation which so man) women
no longer in their first youth endure,
while  Wearily  waiting   for that chance
of marriage, often never io tu- realized,
ami which ihey have been trained to
regard  a-     tlieir     provision     for     the
future,
SECOND AMBITION
So. today, it would be well if mothers who .in- responsible for girls
w"iilil. withoul in tiuv wa. decrying
|marriage tis the most natural and highest consummation o( a woman's life,
at   least   give   them   a    "second   best"
ambition. Teach them to work, to lit
themselves for a definite place in life,
make ihem understand that personality, the leeting of being and doing is
t to be acquired through marriage
alone.
Guard them against idleness, for it
is a most insidious disease and gets
into the blood, and it would be as
well that they learn to regulate "man"
to a normal place in the scheme of
things, to treat him as they would
pretty picture to be taken from its
case and looked at only on special
occasions. ^^^^^^
After all there is a great similarity
between a job and marriage. They
both provide "terra lirma" for the
building of dreams and schemes, both
must be directed with sharpened
wits and intelligence, and call for some
sacrifice and much adaptability, and
can only be handled successfully with
care and tact.
Tliere is no greater injustice in the
world than that done incpnsciously by
parents, when they carefully nurture
their girls, support, amuse and dress
them expensively and launch them
upon life unfitted and untrained to
fight its battles alone, with futures insecurely   provided   for.
woman wl       	
does not know what an Amazon she
would be without it. She cannot count
the  fatigue  entailed  by  hanging  her
L. A.
John
Gaffin
William
Townsend
clothes round bet waist; instead of
supporting them from her shoulders.
Ask the land girls if they could get
through the day in skirts, Every ounce
oi endurance is given lo their work.;
and that is why they can do the work
of men. thai i.- why they tue earning
lhe respect of men.
Women   have   the   biggest   chance
ever   had   of   netting   rid   of   the
fashion i.- hiding Iter head and
use walk-, unashamed. \\ o-
arc   working   realize   that
HOLDEN  AT VANCOUVER
Between
THE UNION BANK OF CANADA
Plaintiff
And
MARTHA   FABIAN    (otherwise
known   as   Martha  Price)   and
FRANK N. RAINES
they
skirt,
comm
men
Defendant      June,  A.   D
LAND REGISTRY ACT
Re Lot 17, Block 68, District Lots
36 and 51. Map 3328. Municipality of South Vancouver.
WHEREAS proof of loss of Certificate of Title Xo. 16X2 G. to the
above mentioned lands, issued in the
name of Margaret Annie Timpcrley,
has been filed in this office, notice is
hereby given that 1 shall, at the expiration of one month from date of
first publication hereof, issue a duplicate of said Certificate of Title, unless in the meantime val'd objections
be made  to  me in  writing.
Dated tit tbe Land Registry Office,
Vancouver,   B.   C,   this   29th   day     :
TAKE
be well
inie. anil
they have
efficiency,!
they have not time for ordinary dr*
They know   that ti
men's t\rr>^ takes
ti  passion  nowada
even   iu   clothe.-.
amount of time o
docs   not   pay   for
would rather have the time
thing else. Vet thev  recogtt
the c
made
1917,
Ain't
July,
The*   feel that the
Miliary   dress   take-
tlic   result.    They
for somc-
!C the call
NOTICE tliat pursuant to]
der oi Hi.. Honor Judge ('.rant
herein the ! !th day "t May,
tin-re wilt lu- sold by Public
in on Monday ihc 30th 'lav of
1917, at the hour of !2 o'clock
noon tu Room Jl'7 Hank oi Ottawa
Building, 602 Hastings street west.
Vancouver, 11. C, by Thomas Shirley.
Auctioneer appointed by the Plaintiff,
All  and  singular tli"-t   certain  parcels   or   tract.-   oi   land   and   premises
lying and being in  lhe  Town-
Hastings,  Province oi  British
wn   and   described
HUR f'..
Distrii
SMITH.
t Registrar
l.AMI    HI.I-ISTHV    At'T
Application Xo.
the   title   to Lot
lllock     "Ii" and
*."     District Lot
to be as beautiful tis they can. \\ illing-
ly then would they adopt some simple
uniform. All Women look well it',
uniform, and they know it. Even tlu
plain girls look smart, and the worst
figures bitter, Women .should be
forced to look beautiful for the sake
of the risiiiu generation. I'.very woman harmoniously dressed i- an education iu taste, but unfortunately -In
i- ti comparative rarity, in this tbe
French tire ahead of us for they have
a unifoi in. Ii is blai'.. Ei ei > F rench-
womau know- that foi certain occasions  black   is  tlie  only  wear    Brit-
situati
site oi
Columbia.
Lots 2'
a-
2,   in
>o
sliii_t>
and !
and ."
IN*  THK   MATTER
81388   '1'   nnd
IN  Till:   MATTER
17.  North   ������:   ;:-t
South   '.'_   Itt.ick        	
7(11, Map No. I960
WHEREAS application bns been
made tor i Certificate of Indefeasible
Title to th.- .'.hoc.- mentioned lands in
the name of William John Adair;
AN'D WHEREAS .ni Investigating tin
that ynu were the
to purchase the said
unregistered Agrei -
Jat.-.i    2nd   Fi bruary
lib
tic
numoereii
ction  -l-^.
quarter  ot
official map or plan
ed in the Land Ref
Vancouver, and 'inn
gethcr with all the
interest   of   the   Defe
A  dep
tbe   Auc
stile  ti
price
within
sale.
The   |
to a res
l'lainl
I'or   ;
to  undi
Hat    I
I
10
North-east
according    to
lereof register-
try  Office    at
ered   1381,   to-
ight,   title   and
ants   therein.
$511   is   to   be   I aid   to
;,t   the   nine   "t    thc
ance ii   purchase
paid   to   ihc   Plaintiff
from  tin   dal
title   it  appears
holder of a  riuh
lands,   under
ment   for   s i
1010:
now   T111: i:
FORE,
h.-relc
ou   noli
I! 11
gl
days
il!   be
th
lubiect
t.ti. i
the    expiration    ..;'    tout	
Irom the service on von of this notice
(which may n.. effected by publication in "The Standard" for ". consecutive Issues), to effect registration in.
pursuance of the .-.oil application.
free      from     the    abovi       mentioned
Agi merit   for   Sole    unless   you   tik-.
nnd pros. cut., the proper proceedings
to estab Ish ��� ui iim, if any, tt
said lands, ir i i prevent such propi -
eil   act ton   on   ll -    le, it
Dated   it   the   Land   Registry   ";
Vancouver,   n   r    ti i..   Uth   da-.'
April.  A n
To:    Josepl    ���      lei
ARTHUR c   smith
Dlstrtcl   Ri
5w���1
step farther Uth
ilkiUst I
ish   women   should   ui
and  declare   lhat   for  wor|.
dress is essential. The ideal one would
be comfortable, < I and economical,
It lakes ti minimum of time and allow- ti minimum ot energy. It looks
equally well on stout women, on thin.
on young or on old. It is a loose coat
to the knee, caught in by a belt at
the waist. The long line suits everybody. Knee breeches arc worn and
high boots. Individuality finds expression in the color, the collar and the
boots.
No girl need envy other women if
such a dress were adopted, for all
would have the same opportunity of
looking simple and smart.
In thc evening, at home, women
could get out their "frou-frous."
207  Bank
���ii1.ii>     ap|
ver,   B    V.
"m \ I'lll-.:
of (Ittawa
'.mo iuver
i'
this
lor
.,  Bid
r. C,
Plaintiff
TIMBER   SALE   X976
SEALED TENDERS will be received by tne Minister oi Lands not
later than noon on thc 27th day of
July, 1917, for the purchase of License X97b. to cut 844/��X) feet of
Douglas Fir and Cedar on Lot 1476.
New Westminster District, situated
on  Malaspina   Inlet.
One (l) year will bc. allowed for
removal   of   timber.
Further particulars of the Chief
Forester, Victoria, B. C, or District
Forester, Vancouver, B.  C.
DEPARTMENT OF  LANDS
NOTICE
MOTOR TRAFFIC REGULATION ACT
TcnderM   tor   Number   Plates   and
Cliaufteur'N   limine..
Tenders, ia duplicate, sealed and
marked "Tenders tor Motor Number
Plates" or "Chauffeur Badges" together with samples of plates or badges
for the year 11*18. will be received by
tin- undersigned up till tbe 16th day
of July.   1P1T.
Full particulars regarding delivery.
packing:, and approximate number required will be furnished on application to tbe Superintendent ot Provincial  Tolice
Tbe lowest or any tender not necessarily   accepted.
COLIN"   S.   CAMPBELL.
Superintendent  Provincial  Police
Victoria. B. C .
25th  June.  1017.	
Surely then it is for the niothi
girls today to take heed to that
RED CROSS WORK IN TIMES OF
THE PHAROAHS
At a lecture delivered in London.
Dr. F. M. Sandwith, consulting surgeon to the Khedive oi Egypt, said
that the lirst surgeon of whom he
could find any record lived at the time
of the fiftieth Egyptian dynasty and
| must have been court doctor to the
Pharaoh some 4000 years before tbe
Christian era.
The first surgical instruments of
which anything was known were
splints found in the Nubian Desert.
In one place a graveyard was found,
and here were remains of bodies with
fractured limbs that had been set with
bark  splints.    One was a right thigh
Re   Overdue   Payments   on   Applications  to  Purchase  Crown  Lands
in British Columbia
NOTICE IS HEREBY IHVEN
that, under thc provisions of the
"Soldiers' Homestead Act Repeal
Act," any person who did not apply
under the "Soldiers' Homestead Act,
! 1916," to complete his application to
purchase, either by payment in full
or by the selection of a proportionate
allotment, may, by proving bis inter
est and paying up in full the balance
of the purchase price and taxes before the 31st December. 1917, obtain
a Crown grant if proof satisfactory
to the Minister of Lands is furnished
that such person is suffering injury
through absence of notice or other
wise.    .
And   further   that   the   interest    it
In the  Matter of the  Vancouver Ixland
Si'llliTs'   Right*    Vet,   11101.   ami
Amending Act, 1817.
Public notice Is hereby given that
all persons claiming to be entitled to
grants ot land within tbe Esquimau
and Nanaimo Railway Land Belt under the provisions of the above statute are required on or before the 1st
September, 1917. to make application
in writing to the Lieutenant-Governor
in Council, and to furnish evidence of
their occupation or improvement and
Intention  to settle on said  lands.
Forms of application can be oM-t-in-
ed from the Government Agent at
Nanaimo, B C. or from the undersigned.
i   . A.   CAMPBELL   REDDIE,
ft Deputy  Provincial Secret^-. FOUR
THE    STANDARD
SATURDAY, JULY 21, 1917
GIRL   LIFE   IN   VANCOUVER
THAT is a picture of the ideal
city from the hand of a prophet of God. The innocence
of childhood, the beauty of youth
and the wisdom of tine alike
find shelter within its walls, and share
ils joys. Its homes are abodes of all
happiness, it- streets an full of laughter of children, its very atmosphere
is peace and content.     11 slam's  midway   between   the   lirst   city   aud   the
last in this  Hook.    The tir^t city was
built   by     the   first     murderer   whose
name     vvas     Cain.     and     it      seems
as  if  vice  and  crime   had   festered   in
cities ever since.    Hut the last city is
built by thc hand of Cod. and its walls
of  jasper,   gates   of   pearl,   streets   of
gold,  and homes of light are a  type
of   the   perfect   civilization   to   which
God is leading the world of humanity.
The City of Destruction is to be supplanted by the Xew Jerusalem.    The
modern city is a great paradox. The
greatest   corruption,   the   great   vice,
and the worst crimes are found in the
great city.   The greatest philanthropy,
thc greatest courage and the greatest
purity   are   also   found   in   the   great
���city.    "Every city," says Lyman Abbott, "has been a  Babylon, and every
city has been a  New Jerusalem; and
it has always been a question whether
the Babylon would extirpate the New
Jerusalem    or    the    New    Jerusalem
extirpate    the    Babylon."     Montreal.
New York, Toronto, Chicago, Winnipeg and Vancouver ''are full of devils.
and also full of the glory of God."
Finest Product of Civilization
The latest product of civilization is
the modern city.    But the latest product  is  not  necessarily  the  finest  or
noblest. The finest product of civilization,   the  very   flower  of   the   human
race,   is   a   beautiful   girl   blossoming
out    into    radiant,    lovely    cultured
young womanhood.
"Standing-with  reluctant  feet,
Where  the  brook  and  river  meet,
Womanhood and  childhood fleet!
A STRAIGHT TALK TO YOUNG WOMANHOOD
Sermon  by  the REV.  A.  E. COOKE,        ���     -       First Congregational  Church,  Vancouver, B. C.
''There shall yet old men and old women, dwell tn the streets of Jerusalem and the streets of the city shall be full of
boys and girls playing in the streets thereof."    Zech. 8:4.5.
"Gazing with a  timid glance,
On the brooklet's swift advance,
On the river's broad expanse!"
It was Emerson who said, "A sufficient measure of civilization is the
influence of good women," and the
moral life of any city can best bc
judged by the position its young womanhood occupies in the public
esteem, and the influence it exerts on
its social life. A young woman with
a pure heart, a cultured mind, and a
holy purpose is the mightiest influence
for good that is known to history.
There arc no limitations to her power
on the hearts of men. As Iphigenia
saved Greece by her sacrifice; as Joan
of Arc delivered France by her courage; as Beatrice inspired Dante by
her purity; as Highland Mary stirred
the soul of Burns to loftier things; as
F16rence Nightingale comforted the
dying, and as Elizabeth Fry won the
criminals of Newgate back to God, so
every young woman may become thc
good angel and inspiration of those
with whom she comes in contact in
her own sphere.
The Guiding Star of Manhood.
John Ruskin sets forth this power
of the maiden's influence when he
says, "You cannot think that the buckling ou of the knight's armour by his
lady's hand was a mere caprice of romantic fashion. It is the type of an
eternal truth���that the soul's armour
is never well set to the heart unless
a woman's hand has braced it; and it
is only when she braces it loosely that
the honor of manhood fails." Oh,
young woman! what a high privilege
and glorious destiny is yours! To bc
the inspiration and the guiding star of
the coming manhood of the race. To
deserve the high tribute of the chivalr
ous  Ellis  when  he  said,  "Woman  is
the young womanhood of our cily.
and in thc words of the Psalmist 1
say, "Hearken, O daughter and consider, and incline thine car."
I. I begin where much of the danger i
to the girl-life of our city begins, and,
I counsel every young woman to be,
exceedingly careful of the friendships |
she forms.
Your friends arc your good angels
or your bad angels. They arc either
lifting you up. guarding you from
harm and inspiring toward goodness;
or they are dragging you down, leading you to danger, and sullying your
sou! with the blight of evil. Friendship
is the greatest social force in the
world, and when a young girl makes a
new friend she has definitely turned
her face heavenward or hell-ward.
Gail Hamilton was right when she
said, "Twenty enemies cannot do you
as much harm as one friend."
Think of thc lurid disaster that came
lo Cleopatra the day she met Mark-
Antony. It meant fourteen years of
sin and shame, and final suicide with a
curse on his lips. "All is lost, tllis foul
Egyptian bath betrayed me." Contrast
that with the friendship of Nathaniel
Hawthorne with the young woman he
afterwards married. He found her
letters so pure and sweet that he never
opened them until be bad bathed his
hands. Blessed is the girl who has
such a friend, her honor and love are
safe in his keeping. But such reverence and respect arc exceedingly rare,
though, thank God, there are multitudes of loyal friends in our midst today.
Careless Friendships Disastrous
The girl who, in a city like this, is
careless in choice of companions and
friends is sailing close to the wind of
moral disaster. Careless friendships
often lead to a heart full of care. You
must be a very strong character hot
to be deeply influenced by your friendships. A pretty young girl of .seven
teen went down to the beach at Eiig
lish Bay and met one or two girls she
knew. Somehow they had some liquor
which they induced her to take. They
had evidently got it from some male
acquaintance, and this girl foolishly
shared it with them. In a short while
they were ail more or less incapable
and she came to herself in the police
station. Today she is a confirmed
dope fiend and married to one of the
worst of lhat type in this city.
Two or three days since 1 met a
girl of about sixteen years, in the police station. She had left her home
elsewhere in this province and come
into Vancouver looking for work. She
met a girl about the same age, struck
up acquaintance, and together they
went to a rooming house and hired a
room. They had only enough to pay
for the room for a week or so, and
to keep from starving they begged
their meals from such men as would
give them. They were on the high
road to ruin of body and soul when
they were discovered.
Country Girl in Dinger
The country girl is in greater
danger than thc city girl. She is more
trustful, more confiding, l.ifc is more
lonely. It is sometimes utterly lonely
and she hungers for friendship, longs
for companions. She must either sit
in her room from she quits work till
she goes to bed, or wander the streets,
or go to thc show. She is ready to
welcome anything that will banish
the   homesickness,   and   bring   some
REV. A. ii. COOKE
Minister    of     First     Congregational   Church, Vancouver.   One of the foremost preachers in Canada and whose  recent powerful  messages  have
made a profound impression in this city and province.
..     , ...       , I pleasure into her life.   She does not
the beacon light of every man's am-j know the danger of the chance meet-
bition; his aspirations, energies and
courage, are all drawn forth by the
holy influence of her love"!
One wonders if ever there were days
more full of peril for the young women of our cities than these present
days. Old restraints have been largely
removed. The old home life is a thing
of the past. Modern industrial conditions have forced girls out from the
shelter of the old roof-tree and the
mother's care, to take their place beside men of all types in the business
world and the crowded factory. Business depression has cut down wages.
The war has upset and overturned
many ideas and methods of doing the
work of the world. The "conventions
of society have been largely shatter
ed. Even people classed as religious
are following the line of least
resistance. The wisdom of maturity
ami experience of age are often bewildered by the new problems and difficult situations they face, aqd it is
a time of danger to the young and inexperienced.   So T bring a message to)
ir.g and the chance acquaintance. She
does not realize that there are human
hyenas at every corner waiting a
chance to make her their prey.
Young woman! beware of how you
make new companions. Be careful
even of those who are introduced by
other acquaintances. Therc are hundreds of young men who seek to meet
young women with unworthy motives
and evil designs. They hunt for introductions to certain girls simply ti
flirt with them, to make them the toys
of their idle hours, and to boast of
their   conquests   to   their   boon   co
punction, minus conscience, and hold
honor as a joke. Woe betide thc trusting girl who believes in their friendship or submits for a moment to their
slimy touch! Her fate is sealed. The
outworks of her honor have been carried and the citadel of her character
will soon be stormed, f was astonished the other day when a police inspector said to mc, "Sixty-live per
cent, of the girls who strike up acquaintances with men on the street
wind up here in the station."
Paying the Price of the Joy-ride
Young woman! beware of the chance
meeting and the chance acquaintance.
Friendship is based upon mutual respect. But what respect can any man
have for the girl who "falls" for a
wink ou the sidewalk, or climbs into
an auto at the noil of a stranger's
head?
A few Sundays ago two young w
men were walking along one of our
city pavements. An automobile slowed up alongside and the driver invited
them to jump in (<.r a ride. One was
quite willing, the other reluctant, but
he coaxed and. he' companion pleaded,
and byc-and-byc they both climbed in
and were whirled away, God knows
where. Tliey perhaps met the fate of
two others who did thc same thing
some time before. Two men were in
thc car and they persisted and coaxed
until the foolish girls got in. A mo-1
ment later their laughter floated back
down the street. But in the morning
as they stole from the garage
they didn't laugh. They had paid the
price of their joy-ride. In one morning alone nine girls from twelve to
eighteen years of age appeared before the Juvenile Court in one of our
cities to tell the tale of their moral
downfall and ruin on auto rides along
with strangers. Judge Choquet of
Montreal has denounced this practise
of girls riding with strangers in most
forcible terms from the bench. He asserts from his experience with many
such cases, "The moment they enter
the car they are doomed. I do not un
derstand it The influence is terrible,
it is the most potent that we have to
fight. Girls, even the most respectable,
the nicest, from homes where the
moral training is of the best, are
brought here because they have been
panions.    I have heard them brag of!seduced while out in automobiles." It
the clever methods by which they
overcome a girl's reserve and then describe her as an "easy mark" or "some
lovin' dame."
There' are others with still more
sinster designs, who hide under thc
cloak of false gentility, the heart of
the wolf and the passions of the tiger.
Every girl is fair game to them, and
they lay their plans with the subtlety
of serpents.    They are without corn-
is the deadly evil of the chance acquaintance. The girl who risks it is
putting her honor at thc mercy of
thieves.
II. Again I counsel you to be exceedingly careful of your amusements.
I believe in amusement. I assert
the right of every soul to a proper
amount of healthy, inspiring recreation. I preach a gospel of radiant
cheerfulness,    f  believe  that laughter
is the music of the soul. 1 affirm that
the Gospel of Christ is the brightest,
gladdest, most sunshine thing in existence. Yes, 1 believe in amusement,
but it is amusement without the slime
of the serpent over it. Many girls
mistake mere excitement, frivolous
pleasure, extravagance or dissipation
for genuine amusement. The theatre,
the cafe, the dance-hall, even some
picture shows, are the hunting grounds
of   the  despoiler  of  girlhood.
The poet Kipling sat in a fashionable restaurant and watched two young
men as they entered, each leading a
bright young woman on his arm. They
entered the cafe sober; thc young women left it intoxicated. They thought
they were having a good time. They
drank to please their companions, not
because they were thirsty. They had
been deceived and demoralized. "From
that hour," said Kipling, "I became
the sworn enemy of thc liquor traffic." We have the same kind of thing
here in Vancouver. ��� It is only a short
time ago since thc police discovered
that young women were being debauched in a number of cafes by means
of liquor served in teapots and teacups.
How Two Girls Fell
It is but recently that a bright young
girl of eighteen was met in the street
by a youth she had known at school.
He invited her to thc Orpheum, then
took her down to sec the Chinese theatre and afterwards into a certain well-
known cafe. She trusted him fully,
she had never been there before, she
allowed him to order some "cherry
cordial." She drank it, and came out
with him and three days later waked
up in the police cell.
And here is another who was whirl
ed from the theatre* to a similar cafe
in a taxi cab. She was a clever young
clerk in one ol our hotels and her
mother allowed her to go out for the
evening with a smart young man who
had been a guest for some time at this
hotel���an apparent gentleman. Next
morning she vvas found by the police
in a room in Westminster still half
stupified from the drug he had used,
while he was urging her to go on to
Portland with him. She wouldn't dare
to go back to her mother now, he told
her. Do you doubt the truth of one of
our magistrate's statement that over
75 per cent, of the girls who are
brought before him are first started
downward in these places?
Beware of Unholy Amusement
Young woman! beware of unholy
amusement. As you value your soul,
choose that which is clean, healthy
and inspiring. Don't go for amuse
ment to any place where you would
blush to meet your mother.   Don't go
sweet, pure girls whirled around the
ball-room floor in Ihe arms of men
that were moral lepers, who would
have ruined them just as quickly as
they had ruined others as sweet and
pure. But the girls didn't know, and
if they had they couldn't always have
refused to dance with them. Don't
let your natural, innocent love of pleasure betray you into the terrible blunder of thinking you can escape paying
the price of harmful amusements,
Don't pay the price that you will have
to pay for joy-rides and theatre tickets and certain cardv parties and bubbling champagne. The greatest dethronement of modern womanhood begins with unsanctilied amusements.
Remember the splendid advice given
to her children hy Susannah Wesley.
"Whatever weakens your reason,
whatever impairs your tenderness of
conscience, whatever obscures your
sense of God, whatever increases the
strengtji and authority of your body
over your mind���that thing to you is
wrong, however innocent it may be in
itself." Follow the example of tlie brilliant and charming young woman wh
attended a party in high society. Dane
ing had begun and a Senator asked
her to dance with him, but she answered politely, "Senator, I cannot do it.
I am a Christian, and I wil! not do
anything that will lessen my influence
over My Sunday School class." The
Senator was a man of the world, but
he looked at ber with admiration and
said, "1 honor you, If there were
more Christians like you, more-men
like myself would be Christians."
III. Again I urge to beware of
lowering your dignity, even for a moment.
Again I urge to beware of lowering
your dignity, even for a moment.
If you cheapen yourself you need
not be surprised if others accept you
at your own valuation. Hundreds of
bright youngLgirlS wonder why when
one smart youth has been allowed to
be too familiar, or perhaps to kiss
them, a number of others attempt very
soon to do the same. I can tell them
why. The word has been passed that
they are "easy marks." One of the
finest young men I have known in this
city, was on the staff of a daily newspaper. He knew the life of this city
He was popular, brainy and decent
He is now at the war. He once said,
"It is an actual fact that over seventy-
five per cent, of the boys who seek introductions to girls do so on the
strength of the recommendation that
they are 'easy.'"
Putting  Herself on  the  Bargain
Counter
If only some O thc girls who sacrifice their dignity in this easy way
could hear the conversation that takes
place afterwards. "I met so and so
last night," says the youth, winking
knowingly to his chums, "Believe my,
she is sonic dame." "You did?" they
ask. "What's she like?" "Pretty
smooth alright. She came So easy it
took my breath away." He had probably dared to kiss her once, but his]
respect for her had vanished forever,
and to the rest of the crowd she was
henceforth an "easy mark." Woe unto
you, young woman, when your name
is flung from lip to lip t)i a certain
class of young men in Vancouver city!
Never place yourself on the bargain
counter of a low type of social intercourse. Better be lonely than low. If
you would be respected, respect your
self. There are, no doubt, other
young men with high principle and
clean thoughts and earnest purpose
who are worthy your company, your
confidence and love, but they will not
begin by making -you cheap. They
will respect you the more for a certain
dignity and maiden reserve.
A girl who is very popular with the
best young men visited a friend in another city. She was charming in man
ners and voice and her dress was neat
and becoming. She was bright, interesting, jolly, yet the young men who
met her felt while in her presence that
they were in the atmosphere of clean,
pure personality. One young man
said to her hostess, "Why can't more
girls have the womanly dignity that
Miss Brown has? I am sick of the
girls who expect marks of affection
from us. It is so easy for a girl to
go too far in allowing certain familiarities, that she may not realize how
deeply she has injured herself till the
damage is done. A young woman
coming home on a late train, said to
her  escort,  "I'm    so  sorry  I     didn't
to any place where you cannot choose;	
your   company.     I   have   seen   clean, come home wdien I promised my moth
r.' And the young man, with a half-
oncealcd sneer, replied, "It's too late
to worry now. You should have
thought of that before." She had stayed later than she should, simply to
please him, and bad thereby lost his
respect and esteem.
Queen Elizabeth of Roumania was
right when she said to all womanhood, "The only way to gain the position we want is by such an elevated
standard of morality that we force
every  man  to  respect us."
IV. So too I counsel every young ���,,
woman, be exceedingly careful to preserve her modesty.
Modesty and purity are lhe twin
jewels uf a woman's soul, she who
loses one usually finds lhe thief will
carry off the other. True modesty is.
indefinable, yet everyone recognizes its
charm. It is a delicate, sensitive
plant that recoils at a rude touch or
the breath of approaching evil. It is
the guardian angel of woman's purity.
It gives winsomeiiess lo every grace
that adorns her character. It is the
atmosphere of beauty. 11 is the bloom
of the peach which once removed is
never restored. The girl who loses
her modesty turns respect into ridicule, and admiration into contempt.
"There is a modesty of demeanour,
the sign and symbol of queenly womanhood, which no true gentleman
will ever encroach on," and none but
a culprit rejoice to see fade.
Men Marry Those They Respect
The girl who lowers the shield of
her maiden modesty is set down for a
soft little fool by the very youth fbr
whom she does it. As one has said,
"A man may while away idle moments
with a flippant maiden. He may giggle
with lier, dance with her, drink with
her, and pet her, hut when it comes to
marrying he will seek one who. bas tin
pride of purity, that self-respect which
does not brook familiarity, and that
maidenly modesty and reserve which
to his heart is the seal of the true womanhood." The girl who cheapens
herself with young men will have to
sell out at a big discount in the marriage market *��� Young men, as a rule,
do not desire to marry girls who have
occupied the arms of half the fellows
they know. They want something less
indiscriminate when they choose a
wife. That a girl has made herself
more or less common property is np
attraction to a decent man. George
MacDonald has voiced the prayer of
the average man who seeks a companion to help him build the home of
his dreams:
"For G��d's sake be as beautiful
As the white form that dwcllcth in
my  heart!
Yea, better still as that ideal pure
That waketh   in    thee   when    thou
prayest God,
Or helpest thy poor neighbor. For
myself.
I  pray   .   .   .   Upon my knees
1   could   implore   thee���justify   my
faith
In womanhood's white-handed nobleness,
And thee, its revelation unto me!"
Beauty Not in Vulgar Display
True beauty is a thing of the soul,
and its atmosphere is modesty. God.
help thc girl who imagines lhat beauty
consists in thc clothes she wears, or
outward display of her physical
charms. There arc many girls in Vancouver who should not be annoyed
when certain men accost them familiarly on the street. They have
dressed purposely to attract attention
and they have secured it. An enex-
perienced social worker who has
studied the underworld of many great
cities told me, here in Vancouver, that
it is getting more difficult day by day
to tell the difference between the lady'
of fashion and the public woman of
the street. The police inspectors assure me that a great incentive to social immorality is the present im��-
modesty in the dress of many young
women. I was surprised at the unanimity with which they said this. I
was still more surprised when some
of the brainest, cleverest women in
our city promptly agreed with them.
I am no prude. I admire beauty and
I hold it is every women's rightful
privilege to make herself as personally
attractive and charming in dress and
manner as she can. But I do not
think that a lady is known by the number of inches you can count berVcen
the top of her boot and the hem of
her skirt. A layer of white powder
on a woman's face used to be the sign
of easy virtue, it should have no place
on the fair cheek of an innocent girl
whose beauty is not for sale. Our
women should be "priestesses of
beauty," but they should not forget
that the most beautiful dress reveals
the lady and not the person. Young
women!  do not outrage the laws of
(Continued  ou  Page  Five) SATURDAY, JULY 21,  1917
THE   STANDARD
FIVE
Sunday School Lesson
July  22.  '17
Lesson IV. SENNACHERIB'S INVASION  OF JUDAH.
(Lesson Passage; 2 kings 19, 20-22;
28-37).
Golden Text���God is our refuge and
ttrength,    a    very    present   help    in
trouble.    Psalm 46.1.
Lesson  Plan,  I. The Assyrian  Peril.
II. Isaiah's Prophecy. III. Jehovah's
Protection.
I. THE ASSYRIAN PERIL. About
a year ai'icr their scornful rejection
ul Hezekiah's reform-proclamation,
the people of the Northern Kingdom
found cause to regret their scorn and
scepticism. Samaria, tlieir capital city,
was besieged for three years by Assyria. It fell in 721 B_C, ami many
people were carried off into captivity,
Assyria turned next towards Judah,
whose freedom had already heen sold
to her by Ahaz, the faithless, but
whose present kins, Hezekiah was
planning t" j��� <iti in a revolt againsl
her. The king of Juilah's policy was
to ally himself with Egypt! Assyria's
ri\al; although Isaiah, the prophet, as
a wise counsellor, had advised him I"
trust in none save God, the Great Deliverer. Hezekiah paid dearly fur his
folly. His walled cities were captured,
and a heavy tribute exacted of him by
Assyria. This humiliation, however.
brought Hezekiah to himself and hack
to God,���an experience characteristically human. So that, later on, when
Sennacherib set his heart upoil seizing
Jerusalem, aud he scut to Hezekiah
an insolent letter twitting him, Judah's
king tutuU' ready to face the peril.
HOWr First, by thorough preparation
for the seige. All the fountains without the city uf Jerusalem were closed,
and the defences strengthened (cf. -
Chron. 32.1; while certain house-, within the city were broken down l" fortify the wall (Isa. 22.10). Second, with
a heart-searching prayer, seeking Jehovah's     protection, ��� Sciinaclterili'-
cd and blasphemed? and against whom
has   -he   exalted   her   v.ice    .
Xot only Israel, but also against Israel'- Holy iim-. \n oppressed na-
tion'i cause is Jehovah's cause, Therefore. Jell.call will place ti ring, as in
the nose oi a wild animal, su in Assyria's, Jehovah will bridle and humiliate the arrogant one.' Second, the
prophecy concerning Judah, Jehovah's
people, (vv. 29-34.),���'This year there
should he tu, litirv ist. except such as
was spontaneous; fur in ihe stress of
Assyrian invasion, towing and reaping
had heen impossible. The next year,
the harvest should only he from this
accidental produce. Hut in the third
year, secure at last, they should sow
and reap, anil plan! vineyards and eat
i the fruit thereof. And though hut a
remnant uf the people was left out of
the recent captivity, they should grow
and Hourish, and Jerusalem Bhould Bee
thc besieging host of Assyria no more
for ever; for Jehovah assures His
people a second time that tlieir cause
is also His. anil Ile will defend Ihe
city fur liis own sake, and for His
servant David's sake.'
III. JEHOVAH'S PROTECTION
(vv. 35-37 I.���"And it came to pass
that night,"���Thus, the Scripture is
emphatic and brief. God never fails
liis people; and His promises are til-
ways faithfully fulfilled. Once upon
a time, God said: "Let there he
Light;1' and there was Light. Su now,
Ile spoke tllc word of deliverance; and
the great deliverance crime. In sutne
way���we knuw nol and never shall
know how���by a blast uf the simoon,
ur sudden outburst uf plague, ur some
other calamity, the host ni Assyria
was smitten in the camp, aud tis many
tt- one hundred and eighty-five thousand, including their chief leaders, perished. Shortly after. Sennacherib, himself, was slain hy his own sons in the
temple uf his god, Nisroch,
Lesson   Applied.   I. To  the  Nation.
*^  and   he   died   a   wreck,   in   the   drug-
fiend's stupor.
Young woman, as you value your
soul guard your purity Let no man
break down the barriers of your self-
respect. Beware of him who takes
the     first   step   to     infringe   uu     your
modesty.    Beware of him whom you
scarcely know who suddenly lavi-hc-
upon you iuch attentions and such expenditures is are out ui harmony with
social usage md common sense, beware "f the man iu the office who
seeks tu In to., familiar, ur win, hangs
around you when he should be gone
home tu his wife and children. You
can'i accept attentions num married
men ur men with hail reputations withoul danger lu your name ami risk to
your character. Beware uf the man
who would urge you t" drink even
one glass. The sensualist holds a
wine-glass in his hand. Make nu compromise with your conscience. Never
lower your principles for any consideration of advantage, ur favor, preference or privilege. Keep your put-
pose high, your conscience clean and
your soul pure.
Rutting a Salmon River on��� Map
letter uf insolence wa_r3pread before Continued preparedness tut.I ceaseless
thc Temple uf the Lord (2 Kings
19.2(1), and the pronouncement of Divine judgment upon Assyria's arrog-
ance awaited.
praying will save us from .our national
peril and will liberate suffering humanity from its godless foe. If we
would sing, as our Te Deum, "Ood is
II.  ISAIAH'S   PROPHECY.     The pur   refuge,"   remember   the    late   of
pronouncement came through the lips
of the prophet, Isaiah. It was twofold: First, concerning Assyria
(vv.   20-22;   281.���'Zion   regards   As-
Prussianisni is in the hand of our Just
Protector. IL To individuals. We are
facing foes, more powerful even than
Prussianism, viz., the principalities and
syria   with   a   contempt,  hor
if  her powers of the air.���evils  personified,
confidence   in   Jehovah"  A   contempt]
Remember
the
Master's   j.word.
for the enemy, apart  from our  confi- "WATCH and PRAY." Thc grcat sol-
Hence in God, is not Of Gotl and spells dier8'  statesmen,  and  saints    uf    the
calamity.    'Assyria    is    presumptions
and proud.   Whom hath she reproach-
world have been men
���I prayer.
W.J.A.
Girl Life in Vancouver
(Continued  from   Page Two)
modesty in seeking to obey the laws
of fashion. Remember the words with
which Milton described the perfect
beauty of  the  perfect woman:
"Grace was in all her steps; heaven
in her eye,
In every gesture dignity and love."
V. But above all things I urge every
young woman to preserve her purity
of body and purity of soul.
Purity is the crown jewel of a woman's soul. All else may go, but if
this remain she is rich still with a
queenly wealth, for "the pure in heart
shalt see God." Purity is natural to
woman. It is contact with man that
soils her. AH true men admire and
worship purity in woman. It is only
the scoundrel who disbelieves in it.
who declares that cvery woman has
her price.    It    is    Maeterlinck   who
writes, "I  have never come across a,   . .
.       ' , ...   ivirtue. They can blast a  girl's ble,
single woman who did not bring toi .       ,,���_.,
15 ... ��� t-.    .    shatter her  health,  break  her  heart,
___._     _.____._._.1______i    .!.,,.    ...nn    n__>__n*  '       1  _-,.,..��� '
blacken  her name, defame her char-
her.  And how unutterably base is lie
"Takes off the rose
From the fair forehead of tin innocent love
And sets a blister there."
Yet it is done���dune daily, month
hy month, year by year; done even in
the shadow of our churches and lhe
privacy of our homes. There are
men, young and old, in every city who
take a fiendish pleasure in degrading
innocences and trampling purity into
the mire. There are human hyenas
prowling our streets day and night in
search of their prey. Their ingratiating smile is seen at the theatre, in the
restaurant, at the dance, on the sidewalk. They frequent the parks and
hang around the beach. They infest
rOOtHing-hOUSei and invade the streetcars. They haunt the department
stores, and arc found in the business
blocks. They lay wait for foolish girls
in their automobiles and they watch
the schools. They have no conscience,
they mock at principle and deflower
me something that was great." Dante
declared that Beatrice "withdrew his
thoughts from all vile things." Tennyson thought so highly of womanly
purity that he said, "I would pluck my
hand from a man, even if he were my
greatest hero or dearest friend, if he
acter, steal her beauty, degrade her
body, crush her spirit, and damn her
soul, and then fling her into the street
for the lowest brutes of their species.
Ghastly Work of Human Beasts
wronged a woman or told her a lie." Nothing or no one is sacred to them.
And Michael Angelo, the great artist;The more innocent and beautiful a
and poet, showed his adoration of it!girl the more they desire to accom-
when he wrote to the noble Vittoria tplish her ruin. Oh, the hellishriess
Colonna: j of their work! Go through the police
"Thv beaiitv, antepas. of joys above. |��lls. **s - ****v<- *'<-������<- a��d see the help-
Instructs me in the bliss that saints '-<-". ">��P��--���� ���*'nls ��f ��"--' S''**st'>'
activities, soaked in  rum, half crazed
approve, ...   ,
���--_., ,   ,        ,       _-,- ..with   drugs,   rapidly   sinking   to   the
For  Oh,   how   good,  how  beaulilul B r    * ��       _
' s      ' ; lowest pit of a harlot s perdition. Only
nlust llast week six victims of these human
The God that made so good a thinglbeasts were sent to t(,e jnsalle asylum
as thee. as t^e finai rosllit of the evil day when
Danger of Perverted Self-sacrifice    ; they  forgot  their  modesty   and   lost
VI. And lastly, supremely, most
urgently still, I counsel you to seek
the friendship, protection and love of
Jesus Christ.
Dignity, chastity, spirituality, tllis is
the irniiy of a woman's power
"From purity tu religion there is hut
one step; the pur.- iu heart see God."
Woman is essentially religious, She
has mure aspiration, inure faith than
man. She was last tit the cross, and
lirst at the sepulchre. She it is who
preserves religion in the home; in Unchurch and the nation. "The one all-
sufficient word fur God is 'love,' and
that is woman's world, All that is
pure and sweet and womanly in her
asks for Jesus."
lint what a tragedy it is when woman made for ti saint becomes a sinner, an outcast, A social worker tried
tu get a beautiful fallen girl to come
to church, but she said, "No! I can't:
the .stained glass angels would laugh.
\ piece of the ceiling would tall un
inc." What a tragedy uf the soul!
Christ's Appeal to Womanhood
When   Queen   Victoria   discovered
the order of her succession tu the
throne she exclaimed, "I never saw
that before. I am neater lhe throne
than I had supposed." Young woman!
\ grealer throne than the throne of
Victoria is near tu you. It is the
throne of Jesus, the Emancipator, the
Friend, the Redeemer of womanhood,
To each of you He offers tonight the
gifts of Eternal Life and beauty and
power. To all you women, young ami
old, lie conies and, reaching out the
hand thai was wounded fur you, lie
says to you mothers, "Give me your
life and 1 shall transfigure it with
beauty and love, till your face -hall
shine with the glory of God, your
voice thrill with heaven's music, your
hands have the touch of angel hands
on your children's lives, and your days
he one long sweet love song in the
midst of your family." To you maidens
He says, "Put your hands in these
pierced bauds of mine. Let me lead
and inspire and live with you dav by
day. I will give you beauty of soul,
loveliness of mind and purity of heart.
I will flood your path through life
with the light that never was on sea
or land, help you to make this sad
world wiser, happier, fairer and bring
"uu al last to the radiant land where
joy, unspeakable and full of glory."
Will ynu listen to Him. Wil! yon
answer and take Him as Lord? Will
you. like Mary of Bethany, sit down
at His feet to learn, and have Him
make for you as for her,
"Life, death and the grcat forever-
One grand sweet song"?
IN   GARDEN   OF  EDEN
But il is this very high and holy
purity, this innocence of wrong that
forms the occasion for the downfall
of many a girl. She is clean of mind,
Titre of heart, and she thinks that
everyone else is the same. She trusts,
she loves, she gives. As Frederick-
Robertson said, "The great danger of
woman is that of perverted self-sacrifice." What histories of foul and
shameful wrong inflicted on women
spring from this beautiful  impulse  in
their purity. As many more are still
in the cells sobering up or getting out
of their stupor of drugs.
"Once they were pure as the snow
but they fell,
Fell like the snowflake from heaven
to hell."
One of the worst cases known to
our police was a minister's daughter
and a school teacher. After she fell
a young man married  her  hoping to
Seven beauties moil one pool.    Read
GlIAXTLANt)
THE map referred to Is a map nf
some Importance, for salmon Is
the big game of the fisherman,
and brings In search of It sportsmen
from all over the world with big two-
handed rods and large noisy reels
and (what Canada much desires) a
deep purse for camps, guides and outfit Harry Allen. President of the
New Brunswick Guides Association,
has known the Cains River as one of
the best trout streams in the Province of New Brunswick, and salmon
were frequently caught twenty miles
up from the Junction with the better
known Mlrlmlcht, but he believed
that If ihe right kind of fishermen
pot there, they would (ind salmon all
the length of at least eighty miles.
The Investigation was made a short
time ago by a party of sporting
writers and editors from the l'nited
States. Maxmilliaii Foster, a salmon
fisherman of twenty years standing,
who knows New Brunswick and Newfoundland like a hook, and writes for
the "Saturday Evening Post";
Hugble   Fullertou,   of   the   Chicago
ing from right to  left.  maxm1lma
Rice.    Maxuilliai.   Foster has his h
"Examiner," Jack Lalt. of the Chicago
"Herald," Granlland  Rice and  W. 0.1
M'Geehan,  of  the   New   York   "Tribune." and  L. 0.  Armstrong, of the
Bureau   of   Commercial    Economies,!
Washington, D.C., an old campaigner
who   has   hunted   and   fished   in   thej
Canadian woods for over fifty years.!
and  A. 0. Seymour. General Tourist
Agent of the Canadian  Pacific  Railway, an ardent fisherman,
When they arrived at Frederieton, I
all the local fishermen were pessi
mlstlc. 'If there are salmon in the
Cains," they said, "you have come at:
the wrong time. They went out with!
the Ice and are now at sea. Better]
go home and come back In a month." j
It was cold and raining the worst;
kind of weather for flyfishing, but'
nothing  daunted,  they  set  out.
With eight fishermen, one movie)
picture operator from the Essanny
Company of Chicago, and nine guides,
the fleet started out near the head of
the Cains River, fishing the pools as
they went down The first day they
struck only  trout, but from  the sec-
FosiEh, W. 0. M'Geeha.n, Jack Lait,
axIis rut.i..
ond day onwards the movie man was
busy. Twice he had to choose between two fishermen who had hooked
their salmon at the same time. Maximilian Foster had a basket of thirteen, ranging from seven to eighteen
pounds. The largest measured forty.
two-and-a-half-inches, which means
that if lt had been taken In the Jail
it would have weighed forty-two-and-
a-half pounds. Every member of the
party had what he came for, thanks
to Silver Doctor and Parmacheue
Belle, the two flies that the Cains
River salmon seem to like. In one
pool seven beautli s, weighing between
them sixty-rich! pounds, were taken
out in two fours and it was only
dark and lack of time that closed
the spurt. Result, eight happy fishermen, one happy movie man. and on"
supremely proud Harry Allan, whn
saw that his claims were Justified
and that Cains River could take its
place for salmon besides the hitherto
more famous waters of the Mirimt
thi and the Restigoucbe. ��
W'e would have given days of our
life, lumps of our pay, for Due long
bubbly iced drink. Aden cigarettes,
canned salmon, and the like, which
repeat the unhealthy process ol sophistication thai was so disastrous to
our first parents.
It is better to fight ill ti climate like
this than to moralize ur think. The
men who evicted the Turks from the
Sumerian Paradise have happier recollections of it than the draft fresh I
from hmnc who passed through on
the longest day uf the year and felt
their toil behind. As the profane
trooper said, "it would take no bloomin' swords to turn me out of this."
SOME  FIT
The   Lookout,  the  monthly  of  the
Seamen's   Church   Institute,   digs   this |
gem out of an  Elizabcthtown,  N. Y���
paper.    A young lady just learning to
knit   sent   her   tirst   effort,   a   pair   oil
socks,  to  Europe  for  the  use  of an j
English   soldier.   She   had   pinned   her
card to the package and after several
months   received   the   following   acknowledgment:
Socks,  received  lady;
Some   lit!
I wear one for a helmet
And one for a mitt.
1 hope to meet you
When I've done my bit;
But where in hell, lady.
Did you barn  to knit?
The
Aeronui
Can be seen at
670 RICHARDS ST.
groans  made  several  comrades  plead
permission tu go out anil bring him in.
Imt tllc officer in command refused,
since it meant certain death to the
would-be rescuers. Whilst racking his
brains, however, fur a means uf helping the fallen man his efe lighted on
a stray dug that was accustomed to
wander to and fro between our trench-j
es. and the enemy's, finding friends apparently in both. Scribbling a not:
"Will you let its fetch uu,- titan-'' he
tied it round lhe dog's neck and sent
him .-callipering across tu thc Germans In ti brief while hi- returned
with the reply: "Will allow you five
minutes." And the rescue was aervn-
flished.
Prince   Rupert  ur  in  the   Department
ot  Lands at  Victoria,   B. C.
tin    Rent shall he payable in quarterly  instalments  in  advance.
(',. R. NADEN,
CAN GO  ON OR QUIT
The Original Homestead is Not Now
a Veritable Paradise
A journalist with the Mesopotam
ian expedition writes: It is the oldest
country in the world, but you wi
find ittle or nothing that is old in it
within 350 miles of the sea. Five of
us, a padre, a doctor, a regimental
officer, a supply and transport man.
and myself, ought to know, for we
were moored to the Tree ol" Know!
edge of Good and Evil for the greater
part of a week. Ktirna, the repined
Paradise, lies at the junction of th
Tigiris and the old channel of the
Euphrates. The palm tree and the
fig leaf were the only paradisiaical
things we found in Eden. Even the
serpent was invisible, though his
works remain and thc knowledge of
evil thrives preposterously. Man is
still chastised in this spot, and we
had reason to be thankful that the
longest day was followed by the
shortest night. Our pyjamas began
to sweat before we put them on. They
were wet not with dew. but withthe
perspiration of the night, the exudations of the palm groves.
At five the sun came licking over
the horizon again to recharge the atmosphere that had lost nothing of its
retained heat during the night.    Any
Canada is sternly confronted with
three alternatives:
L    She can go on with  the  war.
2,. She can agree to an armistice
for thc summer, which would be the
practical meaning of a referendum.
33. She can sign a part peace with
Germany, which would be the practical meaning of a final rejection of
conscription.
If Russia were to agree to an armistice, we know what we would think
of her. Were she to sign a separate
peace, we know how that would affect us.
Shall Canada present a wavering
Russia the example of a British nation taking either one course or thc
other? This is the real issue in plain
language which is now before parliament. Parliament may be "moribund'
by the unanimous vote of both parties, but it is at tbe present moment
the only parliament we have got. and
it will prove! tself far worse than
moribund if today, speaking in the
name of Canada, it accepts an armistice or suggests a separate peace.���
Montreal Star.
THE COMPANIES ACT."
TAKE NOTICE that ihe Fowler
Machine Wurk-, Limited, a company
duly incorporated under the I.uas ol
the Province of British Columbia,
whose registered office ii situated .it
the foot t Campl ci' Wiitic, Vancouver, British Columbia, intends un
the 30th day uf \llgUSt, 1917, tu apply
tu tin Registrar of Joint Stuck Companies fur the change in the name ut
the said company lo Progressive Engineering Works.  Limited.
Dated at Vancouver, 11. C, this
2i*th  dav of July,  A.D.,  1017.
LADNER & C \XTKI.i IN,
Solicitors   for tllc  company.
PRINCE RUPERT WATERFRONT1
LEASES
A STRANGE GO-BETWEEN
reclaim her. hut she dragged him down  movement  of  the  air    is  restorative
On a section of the line where the
British and German trenches were
very close (says a writer in the "Yorkshire Post'-) there had been skirmishing, and one of our men lay sorely
wounded   in   No   Man's   Land.     His
SEALED TENDERS fur the purchase of leases of lots One (1)', Two
(22) and Five (5), Block F, in the
City of Prince Rupert, will be received by the Minister of Lands, at Victoria, B. C, up to 12 o'clock noon
on Monday, August 27th, 1917.
Tenders may cover une or mure
lots.
Term of lease 22 years.
Certified cheque covering six
months' rental must accompany each
tender, cheques of unsuccessful tenderers  to  be   returned  immediately.
The highest or any tender nut necessarily accepted.
Tenderers must state what business
they are engaged in and must designate clearly just what use they intend to make of the lot or lots applied
for; how much they intend to expend
in improvements, in what manner and
in  what time.
The following, amongst other, conditions will be imposed under the
leases:���
(a) The front line of any wharf
erected on any of these lots must
conform to plans to be seen at the
office  of  the  Government  Agent    at
FOOD CONSERVATION
SOME little time ago the C . I',
realizing lhal economy In ili<_
use ol food products wi. an
essential ul true pstriotlam during Him
war. inaugurated a policy in eoiimc-
tion with their dining car service
wiiidi prohibited the purchase "(
calves, young lambs, little chickens,
and baby figs as :-. suit ol whti ,i
thousands ol Hies, leuder bul immature  animals   wlil   be   conserved   to
fuller gru�� tli ami .i ver)   I  .''��� I	
crease iu thelt value to food supply
will result, this act;.,n was due to
the belief lhal iu the .a< - ol Hie serious food shortage which the piesenc
world crisis threatens io bring upon
us, it l�� criminal to ��aste an outxa
of food or lo Indulge in dishes v.hicu
��� re secured to-day ��i the cost of tomorrow
The practice has been extended to
embrace __ I services operated At 'he
Canadian Pacific, ��nd oilier ('������*di_in
��� nd American lines recognizing the
Importance of this plan of convrva-
Hon of young slock, have adorned a
similar course.
The Canadian Pacific dining ear
service has so contrived lhat lhs
high cost of living does not nisi Insofar as that service In concerned,
II always being possible to obtain. In
a Canadian Pacific dining car. a good
meal at a moderate price. This hae
been made possible by making a close
study of the traveller's wants and
of the portions left uneaten which
soon convinced the company that the
old establishes custom of serving extremely large portions was wastetul
and extravagant. Tbe result was 'hat
when the war broke out and the
price ol foodstuffs began to soar ihe
argument waB advanced that smaller
but satisfying portions at reasonable
prices would better meet the sltue.
tion than the former large portions,
the maintenance nf which would have
necessitated higher prices with much
vaste. The dietetic blended menus
were then Introduced. first oul ot
consideration for weak digestions but
also with the economic viewpoint that
il costs less to have a menu composed ol a few dishes for which there l#
likely to be a general demand than,
it does to offer a hundred dishes the.
demand for any one of which is nn-
-ertaln. This brought about the introduction of the single portion or Individual service, particularly for the
benefit of lady travellers, who. as a
rule, are less heavy eaters thau men.
In the practical form nt price control and food conservation the C. P_
R. dining car nystem has gone a step
further by this omission from their
menus of all dishes consisting ol the
flesh ot ciilves young lamb*, little
chickens, and baby pigs Lamb's
fries, sweetbreads and ralf's liver alio are no longer purchase or used In
the <t P. R service, on the ground
that the developed animal provide*
more food for the nation, and that
only ftill-trown animals should be
slaughtered. six
THE   STANDARD
SATURDAY, JULY 21, 1917
QJlfe &tatt&arfc
rublished every  Saturday
Telephone   ��� ���_���
426  Homer Street.  Vancouver
 Seymour  470
Registered   at   the
feoond  Class Mall   M
Post
titer.
Office   Department,   Ottawa,   as
9UBSCRIITION     If ATI-:*
Tu all points  In Canada, United  Kingdom,  Newfoundland
New Zealand and other British  Possessions:
$2.00
-toatuce to American.  Kuropeau tr_ other foreign eounlrle.
11.JO per year extra.
The Standard   will  be delivered  to any
���Oliver or vicinity at ten nenta a month.
addceaa  In  Van
Member of the Canadian Preee Aaaoclatlon.
The Standard, wilh which la Incorporated the Saturday
Chinook, circulate! In Vancouver and the citlea. towns vlt-
lacea and aeltlementa throughout Brltlah Columbia. Id
���otitic* th* paper la Independent Liberal.
Publishers	
Printers	
 The Standard Company
.The Standard Job  Department
I
Phone Seymour 9086
WE INVITE YOUR
FIRE INSURANCE
BUSINESS
We Write Insurance in Sound, Reliable Companies.
Dow Fraser Trust Co.
122 Hastings St. West.       McKay Station, Burnaby
ONE   OF   THE
LARGEST
INSURANCE
OFFICES IN
WESTERN
CANADA
Every
Client a
Walking
Advertisement
Address:
414 Pender St. West
Vancouver, B, C.
Canadian Financiers Trust Co.
Incorporated 1907. First Company to obtain Registration under the B. C. Trust Companies' Act.
(Certificate No. 1)
Executor, Administrator, Trustee under Wills,
Mortgages, Marriage Settlements, Receiver, Liquidator and Assignee, h'iscal Agent for Municipalities
for sale of Debentures, Registrar and Transfer
Agent for Companies, Agent for Real Estate and
collection of Rents.   Insurance and Investment
839 Hastings Street West
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Third Crop Report for 1917
The third crop report issued l>y the Manitoba Free
Press is. taken as a wflible, fairly optimistic. 'Condition's an1 not mi bad hut what they might be worse.
A summary of tin* report follows:
Speaking broadly, tin* entire west lias had rain.
Manitoba has had the least and reports the need of
more, in many cases "badly." The whole west, bow-
ever, is badly in need of warm, moist weather to force
growth. Straw is generally short. Comparatively a
very small proportion of the crop has reached the shot
blade, and indeed nearly tbe entire crop is admitted to
be from 10 days to two weeks later than last year. The
frost damage, on the whole, since last report, has been
light. Coarse grains are much more backward than
usual, and are generally in an unsatisfactory condition,
with a few honorable exceptions; bay crop light and
short and generally considered to be past tbe stage of
any substantial improvement.
During June, 1916, conditions on the whole were
good, and on the 26th the Free Press report stated that
there was abundance of moisture; no damage from
frost, cutworms, gophers or weeds and that all that
was needed was hot, dry weather with occasional showers and light winds. Everyone knows what happened.
We got the heat but not the winds.
In June, 1915, on the contrary, the Free Press diary
shows that there were frosts on the 5th, 6th, 7th. 9th,
10th, 11th and 12th of June. Then on the 15th came
a frost running to 12 to 14 degrees at some points.
That was the June which ushered in the finest, crop
tbe west has ever seen.
81  were
Our Coming Problems
The Railway Problem
Complete nationalization of railways as proposed
by the Drayton-Acworth report may be impossible
owing to the financial stringency created by the war.
There are now only two sources of money open to
Canada���the United States and domestic loans. L'nited
States loans can only be placed under the guarantee
that the money will be%sed for war purposes. Even
in that case only a smal amount will be obtained. Canada's war expenditure is now nearly four hundred million dollars. Seventy-five per cent, of this must be
raised at home in domestic loans. If the money is to
be raised, it will require the co-operation of men and
women all over the Dominion. Individual investment
is necessary if the financial burden of tbe war is to be
carried. It is such investment that the National Service Board is seeking in its "serve by giving'' campaign. The nation must practice economy. The money
saved by the exercise of thrift must be invested in War
Savings Certificates if the countrv is to prosecute the
war succssfully and be worthy of the men at the front.
Vale! New York Horse Cars
MANITOBA.
Of the 94 points queried in  Manitoba,
heard from, with the following results:
Seventeen points report no wheat as yet in shot
blade;' five report from 50 to 70 per cent., and the remainder report "a little"; "5 per cent." and so on. 36
points report no damage from frost since June 5, date
of last report; the remainder report frost damage from
slight to serious.
All points but one report some rain; 14 points only
light rains ; 23 points report rain still "very badly needed"; 2') points want more rain and 26 points declare
they have sufficient, i Only 8 points report crop as
far advanced as at the same date las.t year; the remainder report crop from 5 to 21 days late, witli an
average of 14 to 15 days. A few points report serious damage from drifting of light land, but on the
whole, loss from tliis evil will lie comparatively light,
though a serious matter to individual farmers. Loss
from cutworms is also light.
Conditions of coarse grains is far from satisfactory.
The replies run about as follows: "late." "uneven,"
"only fair." "backward." "very poor," "only 50 per
cent, germinated," while only 1 report conditions good,
and only two report excellent.
Many reports indicate hay crop as very light.,
ALBERTA.
In Alberta 28 points were queried and 21 heard
from. Here conditions are better. Little.has advanced
to thc stage of the shot blade, but on the other baud
tliere bas been practically no frost damage. Every
point has had sufficient rain; crop is quite as late as
in Manitoba, but therc has been no damage from wind
drifting the soil, only very slight damage from cutworms, while, with the exception of two points condition of coarse grains is "gootl" to "excellent."
SASKATCHEWAN.
In tbis province 105 points were queried and 90
replies received. These showed that 45 points have
no wheat in shot blade and only very small areas advanced to that stage in the other 45 points. Fourteen
points reported severe frost damage since last report
and in a few cases the llax totally destroyed. The
damaging frost was on the nights of tlie 21st and 22nd
of June. I'.very point heard from had had rain, many
reporting "plenty." While a good many points said
tliey still wanted more, 67 points stated that no more
rain was needed for the present.
The Saskatchewan crop on the whole is slightly*.
later than the other provinces. Fewer points reported
it as advanced as last year, while quite a number reported it 21 days late. The loss from soil drifting on
the whole bas been light, and except as to gardens, cutworms have not wrought serious havoc. Reports on
coarse grains are very mixed, but on the whole indicate a rather backward crop with hope of recovery
now that rains have come. General condition of crop
rather below average.
SUMMARY.
Altogether 202 points have been heard from, spread
well over the three provinces and the indications are,
that while the crop is late and short, it looks quite as
well as it did at the same period in 1915, when so
much needles apprehension was felt for the ultimate
outcome. The present crop has a good root, it has
now got a fair supply of moisture and even in the
two or three days since rain came the improvement
has been marked and the history of 1915 may be repeated. The one great diffrence between the two
years is. that 1915 crop went in mainly on summer-
fallow, while 1917 crop may", almost be said to have
gone in mainly on stubble.
Prices, Profiteering, Production
One of the most difficult question that a government can have to deal wtih is the regulation'of prices.
' Xow that Canada has a Fuel Controller and a Food
Controller this difficulty is likely to soon present itself.
I Where prices have ascended to wdiat in ordinary con-
! ditions would be regarded as extortionate, there is
I naturally a desire for sonic regulation. That prices in
some lines have advanced to figures which have yielded manufacturers much more than ordinary profit is
well known. An effort to exercise some control in
such cases will have public sympathy. But if prices
are to be fixed the duty of fi.ting them at fair figures
becomes a very delicate and difficult one. The con
sinners will, of course, desire to see sharp reductions
on tbe present prices of necessaries, and public officials
will be disposed to meet that desire. But there is an
important element in the case which cannot be overlooked. Thc need for increased production is everywhere impressed on the peo< * High prices are the
greatest incentive to increasec' ... xluction. One is tempt
ed to produce for his own use so that he may not have to
pay the high prices asked on the market. The producer who produces for selling in the market will put
forth all his energies if he knows that the fruits of
his labors will command high prices. If prices are too
severely cut, he will have no incentive to produce. He
may feel that at the increased cost of production thei
new price offered ceases to be profitable, and he may
be tempted or even feel obliged to suspend or materially reduce operations. An official regulation may
govern the price which he may ask for his goods, but,
short of the taking over of the establishment by tbe
government, it does not appear that the production of
the goods can be controlled. While drastic regulations may be desired by the consumer, whose burden
is heavy, if they are made so drastic as to check production they will defeat their own purpose. If tbe
producer is to be encouraged to give \)ia best efforts to
increase his output he must have before him the prospect of a price which will yield him a profit. And a
price that in normal times would leave him little or
none now, "for he in his turn has to pay -high prices for
most of the things which enter into his cost of production. Patriotism may, of course, be counted on to
play some part in the campaign for increased production, but the prospect of profit or loss is not likely
to be ignored in tbe making of plans by any class of
producers.���The Journal of Commerce.
Ten Million Dollar Paper Company-
Speaking before the Victoria antl Vancouver Canadian Clubs, Mr. James White, assistant chairman pf
the Canadian Commission of Conservation, spoke of
the relation of the pulp woods of llritish Cloumbia to
the future of the pulp and paper industry^ He referred
to the exhaustion of the eastern forests and how tllis
province ultimately would have to furnish the bulk of
the pulp supply. He placed the available supply at
250,000,000 cords, stating if proper regulations were
enforced, this province could easily supply six million
i cords anntialy for an indefinite period.
I "An important incorporation," said Mr. White, '"is
I the Whalcn Pulp and Paper Mills, Limited, with a
capital of $10,000,000 to take over and centralize established interests. These include the British Columbia
Sulphite Fibre Company, which has been successfully
operating a large chemical pulp mill at Mill Bay, head
of Howe Sound, about 25 miles from Vancouver, the
Empire Pulp and Paper Mills, Limited, which recently
took over the pulp plant at Swanson Bay and tbe
Coloniol Lumber and Paper Mills, which is establishing
a pulp and paper plant at Quatsino, west coast of
Vancouver Island.
"The big pulp and paper plant at Ocean Falls," he
concluded, "has started its firsl unit, with an output
of 75 tons of newsprint per day. It is expected that
otber units will be completed this year which will
bring tbe output to about 200 tons per day."
The duty of the government of Canada clearly is to
take the initiative to call to their counsel represent'! ���
tives of the interests involved and to plan now with
definiteness and in detail for the period of readjustment and reconstruction of industries, which inevitably
must come soon. This is maile clear in an exceptional
ly thoughtful and logical statement regarding national
ideals in industry, by Mr. Ci. Frank Beer, in his contribution to the recently published volume, "The New
Era in Canada." lie points out that preparedness im
such a time is not the work of days or weeks but will
be the arduous antl concentrated task of many months
if it is to prove* in any degree adequate. That we have
trusted to haphazard solutions for problems of such
importance and have pleaded the pressure of other
problems as an excuse for inaction, is unfortunate;'1
true. Tllis, says Mr. Beer, is not the part of wise
statesmanship nor yet of shrewd business foresight.
He adds: "As in time of war, tbe respor-'bility foi
success lies chiefly with those in the higher commands,
so in the coming time of peace tliat responsibility must
be borne by those who occupy positions of industrial
and national leadership. Failure to meet the coming
problems of employment will be paid for iu disappearing profits and in social if not in national disintegration. What has been done generously and effectively by the few in time of war must be done by
many, assisted, and if necessary led, by the government if we are measurably to solve the problems of
J peace. For lack of preparedness where so much is involved public authorities and industrial leaders should
in future be held to strict accountability."
The ..spreading movement toward state control of
industrial and other services is one to wliich our industrial and financial leaders have given comparatively
little thought. They have treated it like the persistent
mosquito���"swatted" it without thought and with the
nearest available weapon. This movement towards
state control, however, is one which our industrial and
financial men should consider seriously. The war has
given to it a fillip which the period after the war is not
likely to overcome. Mr. Beer, who writes with* the
experience of a captain of industry, says that the
strength of the movement lies in the conviction of
many that the present industrial system recognizes
only the law of the jungle���power. "It it be true," he
says, "that Canadian prices are fixed at 'all the traffic
will bear,' which being interpreted means the maximum
made possible by monopoly or a protective tariff: if tile
possession of power justifies, in the opinion of tho-.:
who control industry, its exercise lo secure labor at tt
price measured only by the necessity of workmen and
workwomen: if profits have no moral measurement,
then tlie present industrial system should and niit-t
be replaced by another which recognizes social and national responsibility. The dangers of industrial in
tioiializatipn are great, indeed obvious, but the future
well-being of 'J0 per cent, 'of llie people justifies- tU ���
adoption of measures necessary to secure ultimately a
new and better standard of human relationship. Pro
pliecv is always dangerous, but it requires little Vision
to become convinced that if other industrial standards
are not accepted the movement toward state control
during the ten years following the war will exceed
that of all preceding years."    This discussion of na
British Output of Munitions
Some amazing figures arc given by Dr. Addison.
British minister of munitions, in regard to Britain's
output for war in shells, in steel, in airplanes. In
everything essential to carrying on the war fast strides
have been made. Tbe supplies of new design tanks
are cqining forward excellently, and this would indicate
that the British have greatly improved on the original
tanks, and intend to use them in very large numbers.
Tbe output of steel is now 10,000,000 tons instead of a
little over 7,000,000 tons yearly before tbe war, and bv
the end of next year will be 12,000,000 tons. The
government is obtaining steel plates in Britain at less
than half their cost in the United States.
tional ideals in industry is a notable contribution
the subject, and is made exceptionally valuable by
practical treatment.���Monetary Time--.
Casualty Insurance Plan for Soldiers
The l'nited States government proposes to abolish
the system of pensions for wounded soldiers and  for
lhe surviving kill of soldiers killed in battle and to su!
slitute therefore a casualty insurance plan. according
to dispatches from Washington.   A committee of officers of some of the largest life insurance companies
in the country will begin a series of conferences wit
Secretary of tbe Treasury McAdoo this week on th
formulation of the proposed, legislation.   The tentativ
proposals are:    A minimum compensation of $150!
for the death of an enlisted man.   A maximum com
pensation of $1500 for total disability.    A maximm
compensation of $5000 for the death or total disability
of an officer.   It is proposed to pay this compensatioi
not itv a lump sum, but in a series of instalments ex
tending over a period of years.
Two plans are under consideration. (Ine provide
that the government shall insure ils soldiers again*
death and injury with the insurance companies Vine
accept the business at the high rates which would :
charged for war risks. The other provide- that tli
government shall undertake the whole obligation, Cm
grcss appropriating sufficient funds In covtfr
and injury benefits. If the latter plan should
ed it would be a system not of insurance but
pensions.
the deat
be adop'
if limite
The last of New York's horse cars are doomed to
go next month, when antiquated vehicles rumbling
along Avenue C and Madison street lines are relegated to the junk pile and new cars with electric stor-
are batteries installed. Outside of a one horse car line
in Hamilton. Ohio, and another in Daytona. Fla.,
neither more than a mile in length, there will not be
another horse car in the United States after July 30.���
Wall Street Journal.
The High Cost of Locomotives
Prices for locomotives have risen in the last few
months to unheard-of figures. From 1914 the price
trend has risen with increased costs of production and
extraordinary demand to a- point very gratifying to
the manufacturer. With enormous foreign orders added to the domestic demand, delivery can only be run
into the thousands, and Russia is still in tbe market for
thousands of additional locomotives.
Railroads are pushing their own shops to tbe limit.
Despatches from Altoona say the capacity of the
Pennsylvania shops has been increased in the last few
months by 33 per cent., and that 18 of the largest type
locomotives are being turned out monthly. Of a recent
order for 275 locomotives for the Pennsylvania, 245
were allotted to the Altoona shops.
U. S. Government to Control Exports
Government control or American exports, authorized in the provision of the Espionage Act, was directed to be put into operation July 15, by the issuance
on July 8, at Washington of a proclamation by President Wilson, requiring the licensing of shipments to
all countries of the most important export commodities.
Tbe commodities named in the list put under Control are coal, coke, fuel oils, kerosine and gasoline including bunkers; food grains, floflur and meal, fodder
and feeds, meats and fats; pig iron, steel billets, ship
plates, and scrap steel; ferromanganese; fertilizers:
arms, ammunition and explosives.
An event which might lcadjo the organization of
an important industry in Sherbrooke, Que., was the
inauguration of a new street car with special patented
features designed and built by Mr. F. X. Couture,
superintendent of the Sherbrooke Railway & Power
Company. The car is especially adapted to cities of
Sherbrooke's size. It has a seating capacity of thirty-
two and standing capacity of fifty without crowding.
The separate entrance and exit on either end avoids
confusion. The steps work in conjunction with the
doors.
Shipbuilding in St. John, N. B.
The semi-centennial of Confederation finds S
John, X. B., engaged in the construction of a Meet of
wooden steamers to relieve tbe necessities of the Motherland. Grant & Home have contracted with the Imperial Munitions Board to build two steamers of a ca-y
go carrying capactiy of 3000 tons. These will be constructed in a shipyard that was famous in the day-
of wooden ships for the magnificent vessels it turned
out, but which has been silent like all the otber shipyards in this locality for thirty years or more. Two
other firms are -arranging to build wooden ships immediately with-the expectation of later on becoming
steel ship plants. These are the St. John Ship-Building Co., and D. A. Saker, an English builder. The
latter has bought the Warner Mill property ."fronting
on the main harbor for that purpose. He will put
down three ships at once. St. John was the home of
wooden ships from 1770 to 1884. In 1876, the year
preceding the great fire, this port stooil fourth in the
list of great* shipping ports of the world, haying 805
ships in tbe register, aggregating 280.073 tons. The
revival of wooden shipbuilding;, after all tbe ohl builders had passed away and all the old ship-yards had
been dismantled, marks an epoch of great importance
in the history of the city.
It is the system that must go. The Romanoff'
have gone. William Hohenzollern stands on his lonely
pinnacle, a solitary insult to freedom. He will go, too.
The world can have no peace with him or the system
on which he rests. The peace that will come must
be the peace, not of princes and holy alliances, but
the enduring peace of the peoples.���London Daily
News. m
SATURDAY, ���ULY  21,  1917
THE    STANDARD
StVJiN
A PAGE FOR THE ENCOURAGEMENT OF
CULTIVATION OF FARM AND GARDEN
"Agriculture not only gives riches to a nation bul
the only riches she can call her own."���Dr. Johnson
QUESTION OF DEMAND.
ranging  iu   si/,,   from   175   watts,
id  WELLS AND THEIR
land  prepare,   nut
Increase   in   Price   of   Milk   Due   to
Market Conditions Says Dairymen���Dealer's   Profit.
Chilliwack.���That    the   increase    iu
lhe price uf milk is due largely lo the
d.  mind being greater than the supply,
partly  owing  to  tin-  large   quantities
of  cream  being  used  in  manufacturing   ice   cream,   is   the   contention   of
tlic   dairymen   of   tllis   district.     Until
thc   formation   of   the   Eraser   \ alley
Milk    Producers'    Association    dairying   had   been   conducted   almost  at  a
loss, and in  1914, 1915 and 1916 scores   (ur a|i w|llp|
i f farmers were compelled to discon-
costing   from   $300  upward.     Sis   'lit
fertnt*types   were  described   in   a   recent  electrical  magazine, lom'e using
storage batteries in conjunction, and
generally using a gasoline engine as
a prime mover./ They are usually
operated at a very low voltage. These
small plains are perfectly safe, so far
as the handling of th,- electric energy
is concerned.���L.G.D.
THE  HOME WATER  SUPPLY.
Water in the house, to use lavishly
earned   by
rime conveniences, seems
(at  lirst thought beyond the means of
tinue  business.    Many  valuable  herds 1 fruga|   people,   who   fiav
were   sold   by   auction,   tbe   best   alii-''
mats being bought by Washington
dairymen, while the young stock was
sold   for  beef.
Mr. E. L. Barrow, M.P.P., president of the association, points out
that when the producers raised the
price of milk sold to the dealers by
half a cent a quart un July 1, the
dealer immediately charged the poil-
sumcr une and a half cents a quart
more, making a net profit of one cent
on thc advance.
Willi  the  increase lu 6  1-4 cents a
<iuart  tu  the  middleman,  which  goes
into  effect  today,  the  dealer  has  dc-      As
cided tu sell by retail at  12 1-2 cents!know
a   quart,   making   a   gross   profit   of much
CONSTRUCTION :o,��� ration-  in  1917.
 *- 1918.
The   Home   Water   Supply   Must   bet     For  tin-   I lar. est
iiy  fu
mt f.
har. esting
seeding in
HELP  FOR THE  HARVEST
WO>:   IS  WANTED
Safe from  Pollution.
upply is secured almost entirely
from wells. Especially is this, true
on the farms and in the smaller villages, lt is uf primary importance
that the well be properly constructed
water be of satisfactory quality.
The safest form of well is the deep, j
or bored, well, carried down  through t
earth and rock beyond any danger of
surface water and tightly and securely
ed the costs and the benefits, it appears an extravagance. Instead of
that it is one of the greatest of house
economies. Almost every farmer could
affurd the luxury of all water conveniences in his home. Like their fellows,
sunshine,   wholeSame   food   and   fresh
,      , ,       hned with piping.    The piping is car-
many, who have nut clusely consider- ... ������ ,',.,,. '
ried up to a tight joint with a pump
or other elevating means at the  top.
Around this well, a concrete platform
should  be  laid  of  at  least eight  feet
diameter, sloping away from the well,
to   prevent   surplus   water,   or   water
I from  melting    snow,  working    down
alongside  the  pipe,
air, Ihey do imi weaken the muscuar,!    mi,.   .,,. ��� ,
,���    ,  , ,   -, . ,.,       ,,.,      i     ' Ik   shallow, ur  dug, we    is  much
mental ur mural  fibres oi   He.    When   , .���, .
,      . "u |more common.    This type is usual y
one has been cempe ed to use any of Ll���  ���,,.,.    ,    , ,       ,
..     ���   , , , - the   most   carelessly   constructed   and
these debased for a   une how satis v-!,,,��� ������������      , ,
,       , '   |tne source ol much
nig   is     the   pleasure    of   purity
abundance.
.. danger to health
''""', Such   a   well,   however,   may   be
an  investment for the home
of   nothing   likely   to   yield
in   return   in   savin
100 per cent., though there has beenUtrength, in increasing lion
no increase  in  transportation  costs
PLAN   FOR   NEXT
YEAR'S   SEED I
Select the Best Part of the Field and
Give  it   Special
Attention.
satisfaction
elevating th
j tcrial   side   t
bertson, in
Duin!
Of 400 farmers visited iu
County, Ontario, during the summer
of 1916, only three were found to be
following a really systematic selection of their seed grain; only 23 per
cent, were saving the best part or
parts of their fields for seed. Practically all of the farmers visited slated
that they cleaned their grain for seed.
but it was found that 74 per cent,
cleaned it only once through the fanning mill. It is quite plain that sufficient attention is not being paid to
tbe seed grain. It has been shown,
time after time, that, other things
being equal, the best seed will produce tllc best crops, lt is, therefore,
surprising that .nut 'more than 23
per cent, of the farmers were found
to be keeping their best grain for
seed, and that 74 per cent, cleaned it
only once through the mill. If the
grain from the best part or parts of
the fields is stored and then graded
or fanned until all the small and inferior kernels are removed, the quality
will be greatly improved. Hy improving the seed the net profit on a
grain crop cau be greatly increased.
such action increasing the yield a
little without increasing thc cost of
production.
It is not much trouble to keep apart
thc best portion of thc crop for seed.
It would even pay to give special
care to a special lot or small field
from which to obtain seed for the
following season's crop. There is,
perhaps, nothing on the farm that
will give a mure profitable return than
the time spent in securing a supply
of good seed. Plan now to save for
next   spring's   seeding.��� I''.C.N'.
ELECTRIC PLANTS
FOR THE FARM
Small  Equipments Save  Much Labor
on the Farm and in the
Farm Home.
One of the recognized necessities
in connection with our increased agricultural production is better and
more attractive conditions on the
farm, and among tbe many suggestions the use of electricity should be
considered. Electric power is a great
convenience in the farm home, and
saves much time to the farm help.
The farm or country home situated
within the area of an electric system
of transmission or distribution is fortunate, but the vast majority must
look  to the sniall isolated plant.
This alternative, however, is now
touch more promising than a tew
years ago. Many factories manufacture this type of equipment, the ope*
ation of the plants has been simplified and cost has been much reduced.
These small plants may be advantageously used for many domestic purposes in addition to lighting, such as
ironing, washing, toasting, pumping
water, etc.; and also for the very important use of charging storage batteries.
There are a number of these sniall
plants  now  un  the  Canadian market.
in housework
��� general tone of tin
if Iii ing.���Dr. J. W
"Ilume Waterworks.
 1 ^ ���	
BEES.
1
nia-
ko-
con-
strttcted in a manner as to be safe, insofar as the collecting and containing
of the  water supply  is  concerned.   It
���''""_"-"'���:must be understood  that no  well  can
omforts, possibly be satisfactory if the source
'i;    "'   imparting],,, the water supply is polluted.
The pump has been placed on the
concrete platform, on the ground level,
the pipe i- embedded in tin
and carried tu the bottom o
where the water is coldest, Ther,- is
considerable advantage in not having
the pump at the top of thc well. Surplus water is continually spilled, and.
as more or less mud. barnyard manure,
etc., is carried on the hoots of those
using the well, this water becomes polluted and  seeps through  the cover.
In many summer resorts, defective
wells are the cause of much sickness,
and many cases of typhoid among urban residents have been traced to this
source Too much care cannot be exercised in seeing that d
���one   of   the
Appeal   to   Canadian   people   to   Extend   Hearty   Co-operation   to
Be   Issued   By   Premier
The following statement has been
issued by  Sir  Robert   Borden::
"Owing   to   many      representations
to   the   governmeni   with   respect   to
probable  shortage  of  labor    for
ol  1917.���Get all
machines and vehicles ready and have
��� a few spare parts, la\  in a supply of
\part  iron, municipal  water works,| |,j11(!,.r ,wim/ tighten up granaries and
wagon boxes.
For   the   Crop   of   1916.���See   thai
hoed  crop and  summer-fallow  arc  in
go..,| shape���tweed-free ur black.    Select the area on your own farm where-   the   probabl
that it be situated far from any source J from you think you can save the best   harfesting     operations.     the      prime
ol  possible    pollution, and    that   the seed grain.    Decide on just what crop minister   called  a   meeting   of   Iran
I is  going  on  each  acre  next  year  and
prepare  accordingly.
All the above planning and preparing mean practically no extra labor
now, but save much time and work
when the actual harvesting OT seeding operations begin.
portation companies of several important budies for the purpose of
arranging as far as possible for the
provision and transportation of labor to those portions of the country
where it is most needed for gathering the harvest Accordingly, a
meeting was held in thc office of
[the prime minister at which representatives   of   the     Canadian     Pacific
HENS
The  Hens.��� For tliis year instea_
killing  off  all  breeders  in  June  keep I rai'Way'   tlu'   f'r:"''t   Trunk   railway.!
the   Grand   'Trunk     Pacific     railw
*ay
those  that will pay  in  summer eggs
until they  begin  to  moult  in  the  fall|*he   Canadian   Northern   railway,   the
before killing.   As a rule, the two year ���Canatlian   Manufacturers   association,
Id Rocks, etc., will not pay to keen. ",e   Canadian     Bankers     associati
and   the   imperial     niuniti
Honey Production.���Study thc principal sources of honey in yum- district, and see that each colony has always sufficient room in the supers to
store all the nectar it can collect.
Swarming.���A simple way to discourage after-swarming is to hive the
swarm on the old stand and remove
the parent colony to a new stand.
Honey Containers.���Order the containers for your honey crop in good
time   from   a   reliable   linn.     The   5-
pound and   10-pound  lithographed  tin j thoroughly pt.u. ���,:,,!
pails arc usually the most popular con-
though Leghorn- might. Kill nun- """ *nc ""I'cnai munitions board
producers such as#old hens and weak- atte"tled' '" "'*' absence of R. B.
lings. Keep only thpse that will pro- Bennett, the director-general, the
duce. national   service   boanj   was   repres-
Broilers.���Dispose of as many as ented h-v tlu-' secretary. Mr. Peterson.
possible of the cockerels that are large r'."' mmisk'r ��f trade and commerce,
enough to sell as broilers: towards the mjnjster "' railways ami canals, the
end of June the price- will be lower; minister of labor, minister of militia
cockerel.- which cannot be profitably and defense, minister of interior
sold should be kept to sell as masters. |minisur "' agriculture were also pres-
Early selling cuts down the cost of|etlt" " ''"r'!'al spirit if agreeebility
production, gives more room for the was manifested by all present. It was
terete!pullets, and leaves the market freer suKSested that Sir Robert Borden
��� the well in the fall for the roasters that have snou't' 'ssue a general appeal t
to be sold at that time of the year.       Canadian people to aid and
Kill   the   Cocks.���During  this   warm
weather, gather the eggs two ur three
limes a  day.    Keep  the  broody  h
ff the nests.    Ureal; sitt
CANADIAN
PACIFIC
Through Tickets
issued   to   all    parts
of the world.
THE    POPULAR
ROUTE
to the Old Country,
Alaska, China and
Japan.
For full
particulars applv
to any
C.P.R
Agent
such
 'is by putting
them  in  a  feeding  crati   or  swinging
fur   this   purpose  ;m.
will   he   made   and   scut   out   throi
the  press  in  the immediate  future.
lh
rati
eals
irniKing water
tamers in the regions of extensive production. In regions where honey is
yet but little used and un the coasts,
one pound glass jars arc most in
favor. A sufficient supply of containers should bc on hand in July so lhal
the honey may bc run into them before it granulates. .
Robbing.���As tlie honey How declines, guard against rubbing. Keep
all colonies strung and never expose
honey where the bees can reach il.
Preparation     for
To thc Editor,���Your attention is
called tu the negligence uf citizens
in many parts uf the provisions "i
thc Noxious Weed Act of ihc Dominion. It is a subject of great importance and where the property owner
does not do his duty in the matter
the city authorities should step in
without delay. The writer has suffered badly from neglect on ihc part
Wintering.���For I of neighbors for burdock, dandelions,
coop.    Keep eggs in a cool place, and
market  two or  three  times a  week.
Shade fur the Chicks.���Get the
young chicks into some growing crop
that will provide shade, green feed
and good scratching ground. Colony
houses along the side uf the rout field of
or in the corn patch, cannot he beaten.
essentials .of life���is j If neither is available get the clucks
into the orchard, into a clump of trees,
or if you haw no -hade provide some.
The Inn sun is very disastrous to the
young  chicks  and  ducks.
Plough up  the  Runs.���Early  in  tin
summer plough up the runs and  sowltim,
green feed such a- rape    This can he|the   necessary   lood-supplies   t
sown broadcast in the same manner asjour armies iu the field, our sailors ot
buckwheat,   and   it   i-   splendid   greenlfhe  sea, and  the  civil  populations,
feed tor  the chicks  in the  fall. Lead,   silver,   ami   food   bullets
NOXIOUS WEEDS.
successful wintering proper prepara- i buttercups, nettles, and that bane of
tion is essential. See that each colony! all weeds, the shepherd's purse-
is strong, has a young, fertile queen whose seeds will-lie in the ground fur
and a considerable proportion uf [seven years and then mature a good
young bees. A good time to unite crop���have defied all his efforts to
weak colonics and purchase queens is (keep his own land clear. The city is
about the middle uf September. Each I not blameless either for inn these
colony should have .10 to 35 pounds alone, but Canada thistle and other
of wholesome  stores for winter. The!pestilent   weeds   are   visible   in   many
parts ..f the city,
east and west.
CITIZEN'.
SEASONABLE HINTS.
best stores are good honey, or good
honey supplemented with sugar syrup,
which should be fed to the bees during the last two weeks of September.
This syrup is made from two parts of
while granulated sugar stirred into I The weather will always affeel llu
one part of water over-a lire, care be- work on thc farm from day to day.
ing taken to sec that the sugar does but year by year the farmer will be
not burn. Some honeys are not very the real controlling factor as to what
wholesome, and to avoid loss it is shall be done and when and how tu
necessary to supplement them with do it, provided of course he will do a
sugar syrup, or even to remove them j little wise and timely planning.
altogether. Planning and preparing for produc-
Place of Wintering.���For wintering! five  operations  far  in  advance  mean
f
bees a well-insulated, well-ventilated
moderately dry and dark cellar, maintaining a temperature of 42 degrees to
45 degrees and free from mice is excellent. Good success may often be
obtained in wintering bees outside.
even in moderately cold districts, by
placing four hives back to back in a
case with three inches of shavings be-
lessening  labor and  lowering  cost
production.
Labor conditions on our farms, or
anywhere else in Canada, yes, anywhere almost in the whole world, are
today most extraordinary.���most difficult. There is, therefore, all the
more reason why plans and preparations  for  crop  production  operations
tween hives and case at sides and be-.this year and next should be all thc
neath, and ten inches on top. and the more carefully considered,
outside entrance for each hive one- The man who was ready and will-
and-a-half inches high by three-eighths j ing to rush his work along well-
of an inch wide with no projecting -thought-out lines last harvest time in
ledge beneath, in an apiary sheltered [almost all parts of Canada, but more
from wind by a hoard fence or ever-1 particularly on the prairies, saved
greens.     For   the   Annapolis   Vall?y.  many  bushels  of  grain   for   his  bins
N. S., Southern Ontario and the Pacific Coast, the bees may be safely
wintered outside with rather less protection.
Piles of trash and rubbish in fence
corners and in out-of-the-way places
around the yard, or in the attic or
cellar, are inanimate "fire bugs" waiting only for the opportune spark or
the slower process of spontaneous
combustion to burst into H��ime.
and many anxious hours for himself
as well as got much more land ready
for cropping this spring. It is evident from the above statement, many
proofs of the literal truth whereof
could bc given, that good planning and
the resulting greater effectiveness of
labor are not only profitable in the
lirst instance but it is hard to say just
where the advantage to be anticipated
will end.
Right now is the right time to plan
AN APPEAL
May I now urgently appeal to
you   to   respond   to   tbe   utmost
within you lies to the earnest a;
that arc being Bent out to farm, rs by
the leaders of our llritish Empire, asking them to increase their production
k   and   crops.
Many  are  the difficulties  that  will
confront you in doing this, the chief
of which is the labor scarcity. These
are days, however, in which one man
must do the work of two.    The seri
ou-  problem  confronting  our   Empire
and our gallant  Allies at  the  presenl
how  can   l'
Established  1904
PURE VINEGARS AND
SWEET APPLE CIDER
Carload Business a Specialty
FACTORIES:
B.C. Vinegar Works
VANCOUVER   AND
VERNON
.1.   11.   FALCONER,    Manager
Member   Society    of   Chemical
Industry.
Disinfect
mt for lice.
md Whitewash.���Look necessary lo win this
Once a week the quart-|-two toe. thanks lo th
ers should be thoroughly cleansed and ganization which has been effected
disinfected. A hand spray or even a throughout the Hritis
small broom and Zenoleum applied ] Allied countries, now amply provided!
regularly will keep ihe coops sweet, for. The third is oui weakness The
While you arc at ii. clean out the poul-1 unscrupulous Hun. now realizing thai '
try house the hens were in last winter, his Only hope in staving ..if defeat is!
Give   it   a   thorough   house-cleaning, to cut off our f l-supply, is making.
taking out all the furnishings; leave by means of a ruthless submarine cam.
them in the sun fur several days. j paigu. his supreme and dying effort,
scrub and clean the house: disinfect Many a ship laden with food-supplies
and whitewash before the furnishings has been sunk, and man) more will
are put back again. [be.    This loss has  to be made  good,
and the lost supplies n usl be dliplical
eded.    This entails a  heavy drain on
the  world'-   -iippii, .  ol   foodstuffs,
resulted  in'    Du  your  dutj    thwjfore,  farmers:
ti  life   pre-1produce  mon   and   -till  more.   Fight
passengers | the   unspeakable   Hun   with   food   lul
lets,    Voiirs is an important duly, and
by doing it p, ih,   best of you,- ability
you    will    contribute    your    share    to.
wards  winning  the   war
The  end  is  not  yet      W'e  have  still .
a lung row to hoe. but  by the united
rescuers effort and resolute  will ,,f each of us
with little electric flash lamps> This Iour     righteous     cause     must     s i
principle has now been incorporated triumph.���Win. H. Scott, Deputy Min*
into the latest life buoy by an attach-   ister of Agriculture.
ment     which     carries    electric     flash j  ���   m  ��� _
lamps as part of its equipment.    The NELSON,
lamps burn steadily as sou,, as the! 0. S. Jones had an exciting experi
buoy hits the water, and serve to in- ence with a grizzly near 13-mile Ol
dicate the position of the person sup-j the West Arm on Saturday.
LIFE SAVING DEVICES
Submarine   warfare   has
numerous  improvements i
servers   and   buoys,     The
un   any   ship   that   I
today   are   likely   lo
bobbing   about   in   th
no  suport  bm  a  cork  jacket.
time ago a  number of sailors
torpedoes   ship   saved   their   liv
night  by  signaling    to  th
ils  the   Atlantic
find   themselves
icy   water   with
me
portetl   tc
search  fo
any  boat  that
survivors.
may   be
DUTCH  WINDMILLS
in!been fishing in K
'was about a mile
grizzly appeared i
made fur him.    lic
it was at one time stated that there
were in Holland at least 9.<AX1 large
windmills, of which the sails ranged
from 80 to 100 feet long. At that
time their yearly cost was reported
to be nearly $10,000,000. The mills
arc used for many purposes���for sawing timber, beating hemp, grinding:
but their principal use has always
been to pump water from the lowlands into tllc canals, to protect the
little   country   from   being   inundated.
A one to two-year old sod, when
ploughed under, will enrich the soil
as much as would manure applied at
the rate of 10 to 12 Puis per acre.
He had
ikatiec   Creek   and
inland when the
n    the   scene   and
fired a shot from
a revolver and while he did nut hit
thc bear it halted and abandoned its
pursuit.
People with a garden, and the
necessary time, can greatly lessen the
food cost by canning their own fruits
and   vegetable-,.
 ��� ������_____-���	
Home-grown fruit is cheaper than
any other. A small garden may be
made to yield a great variety.
A Nourishing
Summer Food
For Babies
Sou-Van Buttermilk
We recommend your giving baby
ami your growing children l"ts ol
Fresh Buttermilk during the oining
months
Here is uic conomical and wholesome food-drink thai custs bat little
but builds up tin young constitution
as  no  other   food  will.
Sou-Van Buttermilk is made from
properly ripened cream a "cording to
the original buttermilk recipe.. We
use nu preservatives or artificial ingredients���that is why wc arc able
i' claim a clean, reliable foi d-drink
that you and the little people will
fully  enjoy.
Made under ideal conditions���sent
tu   vou   in   sterilized     bottles���FIVE
CENTS  A  QUART  BOTTLE.
Phone Fair. 2624, or ask your,
driver  for  a  supply.
Sou-Van Milk
(South   Vancouver   Milk   Co.)
Scientific Dairymen
TWENTY-NINTH   AND   FRASER
Keep down the weeds in the garden.
They take proportionately as much
nourishment from the soil as the
vegetables '
Phone Highland 137
Grandview Hospital
1090  VICTORIA   DRIVE
VANCOUVER      -      B.C.
Medical : Surgical  : Maternity
R_^*s   frcni   $15.00   per   week E1GI11
fEfif ��tan&aT&
SATURDAY, JULY 21.  1917
YOU CAN BUY
BRITISH COLUMBIA
PURE CANE
GRANULATED SUGAR
in  packages ranging from 300 Ib. barrels down to
2 Ib. Cartons, to suit your requirements.
THE CARTONS are a SAFEGUARD of PURITY
���they are especially useful to the householder with
limited room, and iii the apartment house kitchenette.
The 18, 20 and 100 !b- bags are just as carefully
packed, and contain the   same   excellent   grade   of
sugar, unexcelled the world over.
Also Powdered Sugar, Icing Sugar, Berry and Fruit
Sugar, and Yellow Sugar as dark or as light as you
wish to have it.
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA
SUGAR REFINING C0..LTD.
"CONFEDERATION
AND ITS LEADERS
BUILDING MATERIAL
LARGEST AND BEST APPOINTED
STOCK IN BRITISH COLUMBIA
PROMPT DELIVERY
Evans, Coleman & Evans Ltd.
Foot Columbia Avenue      Phone Sey. 2988
Fugkr & Mackinnon
Magazine, Music, and Book
binders to the trade
Loose Leaf Systems
PHONE Sey. 3691 319 PENDER ST.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
R. G. FUGLER HUGH MACKINNON
War   has   deepened   public  interest  ume
ill  the affairs uf Canada.    A  1,limber
.if illuminating books  have  been  issued since tbe beginning of the war
relating  to various  phases  and  problems   of   Canadian   life.     There   is   a
more serious note in the literature of
the times, and this is reflected in the
writings of Canadian authors.    In giving his lirst volume to the public, the
author of "Confederation and Its Lead
ers" has selected a subject of peculiar
and  timely  interest.    It  is  meet and
right  that  those  who  today are perplexed  by  the  grave   problems   that
confront the nation should seek counsel of those who, half a century ago,
in a great crisis in Canada's history,
laid the foundations of national unity
and  progress.    To  those   who  desire
to  get  close  to  the  spirit  of  those
spacious times and to know tbe master craftsmen who were the architects
and  builders of Canadian nationhood,
this   bulky   book  by   Mr.   Hammond
provides   all   the   material   required.
Written in biographical form and fully
illustrated, the volume is one that can
bc taken up at leisure moments with
out fear of losing interest in the central  figures  that    moved  across    the
stage in the great drama of Confederation.    Tlie   book   is  enlivened   by
numerous incidents tllat recall  names
of men familiar to the Canadians today.    One such incidental allusion recalls a night at George Brown's house,
news  of  assassination  of  Lincoln,  in
1865,   bad   reached   Tlic   Globe   office.
Tbe   despatch   was   brought   tt)   Mr.
Brown by J. Ross Robertson, now proprietor of The Toronto Telegram. Mr.
Robertson   was   then   on   Tlie   Globe
staff, a*ul waited until George  Brown
wrote an editorial on the tragic happening,  "though  it  was  then   late  at
night."    Many stories are told to this
day of the erratic methods by which
George Brown tried to edit The Globe.
He    was    invariably   late   with    his
"copy," and on one occasion was still
writing and  sending up pages of an
of over three hundred pages tin
author lays bare the secret of success
at Confederation, It is writ large on
every page. It is no longer a secret
to those who read and study well the
history of that epochal period.
Looking over the brief cycle of the
Dominion's history, courage seems to
have been its watchword. It returned
courage to unite provinces distant and
dissimilar and to face the many differences which beset them. The same
courage bridged the waste places with
railways, carried canals over the resisting hills and opened new frontiers
with a fresh summons to the- world's
pioneers.
Loosed from the irritating colonial
bondage of Downing Street, the confederated provinces of Canada set out
on the path of responsible government, fortified by the support and
goodwill of French Quebec and guided
by prudent and wise statesmen of
vision and high courage. The author
traces in orderly sequence the evolution of Canada toward Confederation
and familiarizes the reader with the
progressive stages in the growth of
national consciousness that made
French and English speaking Canadians one in loyal sentiment toward
the Empire and in devotion to a common  country.
A Book to Be Read.
The book is written in an easy conversational style and reveals laborious
research and careful collation of many
interesting facts not hitherto found in
works on thc period reviewed. Mr.
Hammond is well known to readers of
The Globe as a former editor of the
illustrated and literary supplement,
which ceased publication at the beginning of the war. As city editor he
has found time to devote his literary
taste in the story of Confederation
as set out in the lives of the great
men who stood by the cradle of the
Canadian nation. He has carried out
his task with commendable skill and
success,   and  has   given   in   this   very
IMBIM^
BE
How We Base Our Service
There is no guesswork about giving electric railway service.
The needs of the public are always our
guides as to quantity and quality.
But the revenue received from the public
and the return investors must have are also
factors.
Our service is directly reckoned on the
traffic and we have endeavored to keep ahead
of the needs as far as possible.
For some time we have been operating at
a loss and the limit was reached at the strike.
The economic conditions which force
down our revenue in spite of our increase in
expenses must now be met and corrected if
Vancouver is to have a street railway service.
We explain these conditions because we
feel that an intelligent understanding of lhe
street railway's problems is necessary.
editorial oblivious of the fact that the i       i ui        . .     i        i
,.,_i .mi "ii  readable volume a fresh and engross
paper bad gone to press.
ing picture of the days of Confederation. The author makes the worthies
of  that  generation   to  live  again  in
The Sterling Quality of Courage.
It is interesting, in view of current  , .
political   controversies,   to  recall���>the | b,0��raP^es tll**t ,,reathc of the s"lnt
fact that "the union now so prosperous ��f PatHotism and '^interested service
that welded jarring  interests into  a
compact unit and brought order and
progress out of chaos.
VALUE OF RECORDS
and solidified was adopted in the face |
of much opposition, and without directly consulting the people except in
New Brunswick." The chief ingredient in the quality of the statesmanship
of that period, the author emphasizes,
was courage. It is the only gateway
to progress. The men who see visions
and dream dreams require resolute
will and courage to enable them to
realize their aims. Experimental legislation calls for indomitable faith in
the leadership of those who seek to
ford the uncharted rivers and to fortify against the stress and strain of the
unknown dangers that lie ahead. But,
as Mr. Hammond, with cheery
optimism, proclaims in the opening
words of his book, "the Dominion of
Canada is no longer an experiment."
Would that some of our politicians
and stormy petrels were seized of this
satisfying hope in the permanence of I other gave 8,370 of milk and 288 of
Confederation. "The party strife of j fat. The money difference of the two
that era has passed with the death of [products was $27. Needless to say
the Fathers of Confederation," says the owner was surprised. Free rec-
the author, but. judging by present-|ord forms can be obtained on appli-
day   controversies,   the   cynic   might I cation to the dairy commissioner.
well reply that this seenis to bc one] ' ��.'	
of   thc   instances   in   which   national Locomotive Hauls Church
Blif!'"1]!"^^"'"/'''^1'     '    " :.:=,";:j;:.-;!:!'!!L!i_!3ffilHliiKIKi__E!l!i:!:':i*r-iwt"������i!-!!,':|!!i::!?|[|l_ili11|^
Dairy Farmers Will Profit by Keeping Systematic Milk Production
Records
The dairy branch of the Dominion
Depatrment of Agriculture is directing attention to the need of farmers
keeping systematic milk records in
order that only the best cows may
be kept on the farm. It is pointed
out that by retaining only good milkers time, labor and feed are saved.
As an instance of the need -of records, it is stated that two five-year-
old cows gave widely divergent records in 1916. One jjave -6,616 pounds
of milk and 204 pounds of fat;    the
unity, not party strife, is interred with
their bones. It remains to be seen to
what extent the fathers of Canada today share with the Fathers of Confederation the qualities of leadership
that brought Canada through a veritable sea of difficulties and out of the
discordant elements of the times forged a constitution that enabled diverse
races to live in the lands of national
unity. How this was achieved Mr.
Hammond reveals in the lives of the
Fathers of Confederation.
Among the many unusual methods
employed to mine buildings, few
have been so novel as that used at
South Bend, Ind., to transport an old
church to a new site where it was to
be remodelled into a theatre.
The structure, after being propped
and blocked up, was moved over , a
railway track and coupled to a freight
engine. Then the locomotive slowly
drew the bulky load a distance of two
blocks to a point not far from    the
-^t
Summer  Attire
Be cool and comfortable in one of our summer suits. No custom tailor could afford the
salaries paid by the manufacturers of these
suits to the expert designers they employ.
Each suit is finished in our own shops.
Snappy two-piece Norfolks in blue serge and
up-to-date color patterns, $15.00 to $30.00.
Pinch-back Suits in blues, browns and fancy
mixtures, $15.00 to $30.00.
Sack Suits for conservative choosers in
many good models, and hundreds of .patterns, $15.00 to $40.00.
Hot Weather
Specials
and combinations,  per
Bathing Suits,  in  plain
and fancy colors, 75c to
$5.50.
White Duck Pants, the
old   quality  at   the  old
price of $1.75
Balbriggan Underwear
garment, 35c to . . $2 50
Sport Shirts, in novelty
styles ... $1.00 to $2.50
Straw Hats ... $2 to $4
Panama Hats $5 and
$7.50
Outing Shirts, by Cluett,
Lang and other good
makers at $1.00 to $8.00
Wash Ties, 25c, 35c, 50c
Silk Socks, in various
shades at . . 50c and 65c
William Dick, Ltd.
33anJ47-49HastmgsSt
Don't Argue
Oliver peddles the religion
(With Apologies to Con Jones.)

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