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The Greater Vancouver Chinook Jun 19, 1915

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Array Exclusive Late Saturday Night War News Supplied to the Chinook by the United Press Association
5c
EDITION OF THE BRITISH COLUMBIA CHINOOK
Vol. IV, No. 6���Established 191
VANCOUVER, B.C., CANADA,   10.10 O'CLOCK, SATURDAY NIGHT, JUNE 19, 1915
Price Five Cents
BLOO
*     *     *
Awful Carnage As Allies
Advance Round La Basse
(Special United Press Despatch)
LONDON, June 19.���Corresponding with the French
drive north of Arras, the British troops celebrated the anniversary of the Battle of Waterloo yesterday with a great
charge upon the German positions north of Hooge, and
captured 250 yards of the enemy's trenches.
An official report from General French tonight also
stales that there has been a successful bombardment of the
electric power station at La Bassee, which was held by the
Germans.
The British swept forward to the attack upon a five
mile front extending from.ncar Ypres southwest to a point
near Armentieres. The fury of the assault drove the. Germans from several strong positions near Hooge and finally forced the enemy to-c\lictirit-G-laug. sec-tiansM trenches
north of the village.
The Germans abandoned three machine guns and a
huge metal cylinedr filled with asphyxiating gas.
ENGLAND'S STARVATION BLOCKADE
��� President Wilson has reveived from Ambassador Gerhard full particulars of the struggle between German militarists and pacific elements. But thus far it is agreed that
the conflict has been a draw.
... On the outcome, it is agreed, depends the answer to
the question whether Grand Admiral Von Tirpitz's submarine warfare is to go forward unchecked except insofar
as concessions are made to the United Stales, or whether
German}' shall openly state that she is ready to end for all
time in return for the lifting by the United States of ihe
Allies' "Starvation Blockade."
The French took 213 prisoners north east of Armentieres. The British exploded mines under a portion of the
enemy's trenches and at th same lime swept the field with
shrapnel which mowed down large numbers of the enemy's
troops.
According to thc besl information   obtainable,
Kaiser will be -appealed to "as the court of last resort.
tin
Each side thinks that the mad enijeror will endorse
its views.
President Wilson, officials who are in close touch with
hi'm'tleciarer-iicHcve that -the final reply to the American
note will say that German)- wants to accept thc entire A-
merican viewpoint and will agree out the outset that the
American right on the high seas is not subject loan}' interference.
Squadrons of British aviators under an English
mander-in-chief are reported to have made daring air raids
over La Bassee, swooping low and dropping bombs despite the hot fire from German anti-aircraft guns.
The White House denies emphatically tonight that
this Government has suggested to Germany al any time
that she delay her answer tn the United States until after
President Wilson return- from,Cornish. He leaves here
next Thursday night for ihe' summer Capitol but il the
com- note reaches here while he is awa\ it v. ill he sent direct am
' made public in accordance with arrangement between Am
bassador Gerhard and the I'.erlin Foreign Office.
At practically every point, except in the Adige \ alley, '
the Italian troops are moving slowly forward into Austria.
The Cnemy is maintaining a stubborn defence at Goritz
and it is admitted here thai the long-distance bombard--
ment of western furts' have failed to wreck any of the
Austrian defences.        j ': ���'"* ���-
^Si-
Heaviest   liglihting. around Goritz centres about the
group bi hills south of Plava.   The AustriansTiave thrown
a triple line of strong entrenchments acroVs the valley near
Plava to block the flank movement to Goritz.   Bersagliers,
who crossed Isonzo at Plava and captured the heights, are
holding their positions despite determined counter attacks.
But the terrific firing against them by the Austrian.s has
wrecked scores of pontoons thrown across the rivet and
the Bersagliers have thus far been unable to bring heavy
guns to support their advance. "...
'"H-. ���
The fall of the fortress of MaQforget) near Pan-is, is-
hourly expected.   Despatches todaj said that although the
fortress guns have been  silenced,  the Alpinists have not
succeeded in  dislodging the Austrian    garrison    on the*
heights.
* * ;|: * * * * * *
Germans Claim Russia
Weakens
(Special United Press Despatch)
BERLIN, via the Hague. June 19.���A great human
battering ram tonight is poundi"-g at the outer defences oi
Lemberg on a front less than twi _miles in width. General
Mackensen is hammering; at the KussiaU.earthworks on
the western outskirts ol thc citv oi Grodek., -...����
--1 S>
*,'4 ���
T'ne Slavs have establh Ik
tions north of Griidek and the
1   cing on a clear front exposed to 1
themselves in strong pi >si-
\usii'o( Jermans are advan-
to heavy artillery fire.    Be-
Berlin Liars Still Play With
Washington
(Special United Press Despatch)
WASHINGTON, June 19.���The German militarist
party was reported tonight to be making final efforts to
dominate the Kaiser's reply to the American demand that
Germany modify its methods of submarine warfare.
Berlin advices say that the battle for control was such
that if diplomacy won, the outcome must be reflected on
Germany's international relations.
, The big question, of course, was whether Germany
would acquiesce in the contention that the United States
is entitled to the freedom of the seas. _________
Behind such contention was the possibility that the
door would be opened for negotiations to establish a modus
vivendi ending for all time.
i tore Grodek is won and the railway to Lemberk is seized,
'General Mackensen's lo-se^. ii is admitted here, will be tre-
1 mentions.
The Austro-German artillery is being    moved    east
wards through Rodheyezo to aid in the attack two miles
beyond the village.    The Russians have torn up tin-    rail-
uns are making slow progress over swam-
Good News from Italian Front
(Special United Press Despatch)
ROME, June 19.���Air battles, naval encounters and
heavy lighting from lower plains of Losonzo to the mountain peaks far above the clouds were reported in official
despatches today as the fourth week of the Austro-ltalian
war came to a close.
Destroyer flotillas and cruiser squadrons of both Italian and Austrian navies are steaming aboul in the narrow
streams of the Upper Adriatic scouting for forces of
hostile ships and shelling seaport towns.
A skirmish between Austrian vessels that shelled Pag-
liamento and pursuing Italian squadron at midnight last
night is believed to be a forerunner of certain sea-battales
within the next fortnight. Several shots were exchanged
in a brief running fight, the*Austrians heading southward
off Venice. Not one of the Austrian shells reached its
mark and the enemy's warship made off in the darkness.
The Italian destroyers steamed eastward along the Istrian
peninsula, bombarding Folavore lighthouse, and then returned safely to their base.
ways and heavj
py roads.
The assault upon Grodek in force may not begin until
Monday.
On a sixty mile from, northeast of Lemberg, streaming across the northern borders, the Russians are steadily
falling back.
* * * * * * * * *
Germans Torpedo 8 British Ships
(Special United Press Despatch)
LONDON, June 19.���Thirteen vessels, including eight
steamers, are known to have been sent to the bottom by
German submarines, in the waters surrounding the British
Isles during the past week.
They include one neutral steatffer, the Norwegian vessel, and the following British steamers���Ailsa, Dulcie and
Dulege have been torpedoed during the past twenty-four
hours with the loss of two lives.
The Dulcie and Dulege were sent to the bottom without warning.
The crew of the Ailsa reported an A-U boat much larger than any yet seen in British waters. The Germans
gave the men on board the Aisla seven minutes to take to
the boats. T',e_A'reR"
'd'^NCOUVEfe
CHINOOK
Vol. IV. No. 6���Established 1911
SOUTH VANCOUVER, B.C., CANADA, SATURDAY, JUNE 19, 1915
Price Five Cents
PUBLISHED
Every Sa-urday by thc Greater Vancouver Publishers Limited
George II. Murray, Editor
HEAD OFFICE-.
Carner  Thirtieth  Arenue   ind   Main   Street,   South  Vancouver,   B. C.
Editor'! Office Burna Drug Co., Vancouver Block, Phone Sey. S490
TELEPHONE: All departmente Fairmont l��7��
NIGHT CALLS Fairmont 1946 L
Registered at the Poat Office Department, Ottawa, aa Second Claaa
Hall Matter
SUBSCRIPTION RATES:
To  all  polnta in   Canada,  United   Kingdom,  Newfoundland,   New
Zealand, and other British Poaaeeiione:
$1.50 a Year
Postage to American, Europear and other Foreign Countrica, $1.90
���rr year extra.
"The truth at all times firmly stands
And ahall from age to age endure."
"MY FRIEND PAT"
OSE of the most active and most useful workers in the Liberal party in British Columbia
today is Mr. Patrick Donnelly, who was born
two weeks this side of Quebec, who is an Irishman,
and not ashamed of it.
Mr. Donnelly is not a politician in any sense. In
fact until very recently he devoted his energies to
his business and his home, at peace with his banker
aid his neighbors.
The fact of the matter is that conditions have
forced Mr. Donnelly and a good many others into
taking an active part in politics. Mr. Donnelly's interests throughout British Columbia are large and
varied. He is one of Vancouver's leading financial
men and is at the head of a strong, well fortified and
well managed trust company. He is the controlling
force in one of the great British Columbia meat and
packing concerns, and is interested in several manufacturing enterprises. All that Mr. Donnelly possesses is in British Columbia. The sum total of his
worldly assets are within the confines of this Province. His children were born here and British
Columbia is either going to be a good place for the
young Donnelly's to live or, if present conditions
coatinue, a very poor place for anyone to live.
Mr. Patrick Donnelly believes that British Columbia will be the best place under the sun for his
ckiidren to spend their future years. He intends to
take a very active part in making it, so. He has,
therefore, thrown in his lot with the Liberal party
and he is a force to be reckoned with by Liberals
and Tories.
As a candidate in Vancouver, he will have the
support of many of those business men who in times
past have supported the McBride Government. And
lie will have the support of all the Liberals.
Mr. Donnelly is an organizer, a man of private
means, who doesn't care a whit for petty politics.
Moreover, he is a young man and something of a
master mind. He has reached that stage where he
now refers to the party's welfare as a real serious
cause. The redemption of British Columbia is the
big thing in Mr. Donnelly's mind, and his career
���will be well worth watching.
ALL HAIL, THE LAWYERS!
VOTERS in South Vancouver should have little difficulty in securing legal advice between
now and the next Provincial and Dominion
elections.
The law is heavily represented in the lists of candidates. Mr. Baird, the Conservative candidate in
Richmond, is a young lawyer. Mr. McGeer, the
Liberal candidate is a lawyer. Mr. J. W. Weart,
the Liberal candidate in South Vancouver, was a
lawyer, though he has of late years given his attention to building and finance.
According to the "Sun," the official organ of the
Liberal party, the Liberal candidates to go before
the next Federal convention are Messrs. Charles
Macdonald, George E. McCrossan, J. N. Ellis and
Mr. Faulkner.
Mr. Macdonald is a lawyer, Mr. McCrossan and
Mr. Ellis are lawyers. Mr. Faulkner is a well-
known insurance and real estate man.
It would be far better if the monies spent by the
Provincial and Federal Governments in the past few
months with a view of turning the tide of immigration towards British Columbia had been distributed
among the stranded immigrants already here.
CANADA BOOSTS B. C. BREAD. LINE
CANADA'S Superintendent of Immigration,
Mr. W. D. Scott, Ottawa, is spending money
right and left on full page advertisements in
the publications of the party, coaxing the working
men of Britain to quit over there and come and prosper in British Columbia!
This with 15,000 men tonight in the unemployed
list in the City of Vancouver alone.
"British Columbia is the land of illimitable possibilities for all people who are willing to turn to the
soil for peace and prosperity," declares the Government advertisement in giant type.
Going on the advertisement blazes out the fact
'that if you want a sure living under almost ideal
conditions, rent or buy a fruit ranch in one of the
beautiful and fertile valleys or lake districts of the
Pacific Province."
"All you need," says the advertisement, "is
CONFIDENCE, industry, and intelligence���
NATURE WILL DO THE REST."
CONFIDENCE is one of the foods recommended by Sir Richard McBride and it is one upon
which all the breadliners in Vancouver may nourish
themselves free of all charge. CONFIDENCE
is the only thing that is free in British Columbia���
It and the climate.
Of course, the wild berries are now ripe, but
they grow on private property ��� practically the
whole of British Columbia is now private property
���and to pick them one must first have a permit
from Mr. Bowser.
PROSPERITY AT HAND?
THE very day that civic and labor officials advised the Provincial Government that there
were 15,000 unemployed in Vancouver, the
President of the Canadian Manufacturers' Association telegraphed a statement to the Vancouver
"Province," in which he stated that the day of prosperity for the Pacific Coast was at hand.
We are much obliged to the head of the trust
which elected the Borden Government for his cheering message, and will look forward to the fulfillment of his prophesies.
It will only be a short time now before our factories will be busy and we will be shipping the products thereof to the four corners of the earth.
It does not seem to us possible, however, to mount
an army corp of industrial smokestacks upon these
Pacific shores without first taking in hand some of
the rougher problems of development.
Before we can expect to have a big leather manufacturing industry in Vancouver and a great packing industry, we must have the herds on the hills of
Cariboo and great grunting groups of pigs waxing
fat in ten thousand B. C. pig pens.
The location of mammoth smelting plants on our
waterfronts must follow the development of the mineral deposits in the mountains which look down upon the waters.
Alec Maclaren's milk breweries can only be successful when it is possible to get a goodly supply of
milk in B. C. without invading the State of Washington for it.
So long as the Weyerhausers of the United States
hold for the benefit of their great grandchildren
billions of the best timber in British Columbia, foreign or local markets are not likely to get the best
value out of these vast resources.
If we in Vancouver can buy coal cheaper from
the Lackawanna people than from Nanaimo, right
across thc bay, how is it going to be possible for us
to build up a great export coal trade.
The President of the Canadian Manufacturers'
Association is right. We are due to have a great
industrial revival, but it isn't going to happen over
night.
It will follow legislation which will clear away
the obstacles which stand between our 15,000 unem
ployed in Vancouver and the God-given natural resources of British Columbia.
THE BOOM IS STILL ON!
THE campaign for settlers and mechanics has
not been discontinued by the British Columbia
Government. There are still running in a
score of publications monster advertisements setting
out to the immigrant that this Province is the haven
of the weary. Here they may come, without money
and without price, and participate in all that the
goodness of nature offers.
Recently the advertisements have been changed
about considerably. British Columbia is now advertised as a great country for mixed farming, cattle
raising, grain growing, poultry raising and fruit
growing.
The Secretary of the Bureau of Provincial Information at Victoria is apparently responsible for
the wording of the advertisement which offers "preemption lands near three great railways, non-irrigated, irrigated and dry-farming lands."
Of course the advertisement does not say that all
these lands are now held by private interests and
that any man buying a farm along these railways
will be held up for a good high price.
Nor do these advertisements set out that the Pro
vince of British Columbia is not able under present
management to handle the unemployment problem.
Lohner became among the newspapermen at once
an object of mystery and of jest.
The months passed and one day when I visited
Lohner, he informed me that on Monday of the
next week the first flight would be made.
On the Sunday I met Captain James Ross and
suggested to him that he accompany me to the first
airship flight ever staged in Canada, rte had heard
of Lohner, was interested in aeronautics, he stated,
and would be more than glad to go.
Half of Ottawa turned out to the Exhibition
Grounds on Monday, and while a fierce wind blew
down upon the city from the Gatineau, men, women
and children packed into the grounds in front of the
aerdrome. The Mayor of Ottawa was there, the
city council, many Government officials, a group of
military officers and among others, all the perpetual
motion cranks and petty inventors in the Ottawa
Valley.
Carpenters removed the front of the building and
Lohner, dressed in a German military uniform, directed the men in moving out of the aerdrome a
strange machine some fifty feet long, mounted upon
two wheels. It was the shape of a mason's trowel,
with the blade up. In the rear was the seat for the
lirman and where the shank of the trowel is the engine was located.
While the wind blew, the men moved the airship
out to the smooth ice of the Rideau Canal, immediately behind the building. At this point the canal
s wide, and for several miles in winter it forms one
straight speedway of ice.
While the crowd marvelled, Lohner adjusted a
few screws, started the propellor blades moving, explained to Ross and myself the mechanism of the
machine.
1 hen all of a sudden a great blast of wind swept
down upon us, and geting under the wings of the
airship, carried it aloft.
Lohner did not move to rescue the machine. A
quiet smile broke under his high cheek bones. And
as the airship crashed into a tree, wrecking itself into a million pieces, the airman turned upon his heel,
uttered not a word, entered the aerdrome, threw
over his shoulders his Prussian cape, passed through
the excited crowd to a waiting sleigh���and that was
the last that Ottawa or Canada ever saw of Count
George von Lohner.
I told Captain Ross, on the way'back to the city,
of the circumstances of my first meeting with Lohner, and told of the mysterious manner in which the
fellow had carried on the building of his heavier-
than-air machine. Captain Ross declared that his
opinion was that Lohner had other business in Ottawa than the building of an airship. While the
scheme upon which the craft was constructed was
perfectly sound from a scientific point of view, the
Captain could not understand, nor indeed could the
general public, the peculiar action of Lohner in deliberately allowing his airship to be caught by the
winds and totally wrecked. His disappearance immediately after the wreck added to the oddness of
the situation. The terrible war with Germany, of
course, makes a mystery out of an incident which
probably has been forgotten by most of the people
in Ottawa who were present that winter's day at the
Exhibition Grounds.
���GEORGE M. MURRAY.
A PERSONAL REMINISCENCE
IN the list of wounded the other day appeared the
name of Captain James G. Ross, Embro, Ontario, brother of Major John Ross, of the Vancouver Twenty-ninth.
Captain Ross was in charge of a machine gun
section, enlisted at Montreal, comes of a military
family, and before the war was a civil engineer,
whose field of endeavor reached from Cobalt to
Peru. He helped drive the tunnel under the East
River, left there to go into the mining business in
Northern Ontario.
At least three of the men who helped him work
a no-good claim north of Cobalt, on the T. and N.
O, were with him at Langemarck. It was after
Ross had left the Cobalt country that I met him by
chance in the Russell Hotel, Ottawa.
Whether it was a Geramn aviator who instructed the German artillery man to fire the shell which
took off Captain Ross' leg, I do not know. It is
nteresting to recall at this time, that the day after
our meeting in Ottawa, in 1908, Ross and I had a
strange meeting with a German aviator. We attended the first airship "flight" ever held in Canada, personally examined the aircraft and had a
engthy conversation with the German who invented
the remarkable contraption.
Count George von Lohner was the airman. Today he would be regarded as a German spy and if
ie visited Ottawa would speedily be directed to the
nearest internment camp. I met him in the course
of my work as a reporter in the Capital, found him
iving in a dirty back room in an old house on Wellington Street. The neighbors told me that the
Count was "off his base," and after an interview
with the chap I decided that the neighbors were
about right. The Count told me that he had invented a heavier-than-air flying machine and was about
to build an airship in which he would sail on Christmas Day over the tops of the Parliament Buildings.
The Count spoke little English and it was with
the assistance of a German saloon keeper in the vicinity that I got from him the details of his plans. I
was shown the model of the machine and in the
cramped quarters of the Count's bedroom this model
was made to really support itself upon the air and
to perform a miniature flight.
Lohner told me that all he needed to perfect this
wonderful machine was capital. He understood
aeronautics; he declared, had been a baloonist in his
boyhood days, and had taught Count Zeppelin all
that he knew about baloons and airships.
In the Ottawa Evening Journal I published an interview with Count George von Lohner and described the wonderful airship model. I told of Lohner's
poverty and of his desire to secure capital to build
a real airship which would astound the world.
This article created so much interest that several
prominent Ottawa men came forward and offered
to put up a sum of money to enable the German to
proceed with his experiments. In the syndicate
which was formed I had a small share and we secured for Lohner a great shed at the Ottawa Exhibition Grounds, on the banks of the Rideau Canal,
which he used as an aerdrome.
Lohner moved a bed and stove into a compartment in the shed, securely locked up all the doors
and boarded over the windows.   He put in a stockI    cin dipuadh tc       l- i    i   /        .i
t    ii        ,    I     ��� ��� i i        j i      ^lK K1LHAKD lb on his way back from the
ot silk and aluminium, various metals, and    mucrrruj ,-      .        vl    r_   . /-      -.i       r>    ���
,i .   ��� i   ���    i   i- ���       r ..   , i!uld Country.     Ihe Port Coquitlam Review says
other material, including a quantilv of timbei, and ".i   ,,l-    l    u .l       iv ���
-.1 .i ii., , , ,1   that this should encourage the politicians to greater
and more vigorous abuse of the government and give
Billy Bowser a great big rest. He has had a strenuous time lately and appears to have kept his head
through it all, even if there was a Crisis in B.C.' "
0
BY THE WAY
t__
with the money given him by the syndicate, devoted
his lime to building the airship. He clothed his operations in absolute secrecy, refused even to allow
his backers, with the exception of myself, to look
into the aerdrome or to inspect the strange craft
which was taking shape under his hands.
I had made friends with Lohner and was possibly
the only man privileged to have a look into the
workshop. I found in Lohner a fruitful subject for
odd yarns for the Ottawa Evening Journal. Other
reporters envied my stand-in with the inventor. Lohner declared to me one day that a certain medal he
wore had been presented to him by the Kaiser. He
said also that the first baloon ascension the Kaiser
ever made was in his basket.
"I you keep dose men to put up monies, I vill
make the honor to you in the first flight I vill make,"
were Lohner's words to me upon one occasion.
I suggested to other reporters that my man, Lohner, was really a German spy, and that he wasn't
building an airship at all but was digging a tunnel
from the fair grounds to the vaults under the Royal
Mint. This suggestion found its way into print and
quite a sensation followed.
MR. BOWSER IS undoubtedly the goat of the
Government. Were it not for the evil influences
which have surrounded him for so long, Mr. Bowser might have accomplished much for the Province.
A few of his acts since Sir Richard went away show
that Mr. Bowser is capable of good works. But,
alas, the good such men do is usually "interred with
their bones," while their odd pieces of devilment go
on down the ages.
* * *
THE REPRESENTATIVE from the Mission
district who attended the opening of the Vancouver
City Market gave an extended report to the people
of Mission of his visit. One paragraph in this report says:
"No Chinaman or Water Street dealers were allowed to sell in the market, the authorities did their
best to help bona fide farmers." ���
TWO
GREATER VANCOUVER CHINOOK
SATURDAY, JUNE 19, 1915
o
ur
Municipal Fathers Busy
Many Surprises Handed Out
Cheque Bylaw is Finally Disposed of and Councillors get Though
a Busy Week's Work
clerk, was carried, the reeve
Last Monday morning the municipal council met in private session, and
it is understtod that many weighty
matters of importance were discussed.
After this private conference thc council in a body went to interview the
bank manager regarding the financing
of the municipality, and in the afternoon an open meeting of council was
held. At this meeting it was definitely slated by several of the councillors
that in their interview with thc bank
manager, he had distinctly made it
understood that unless some better
arrangement could be made in the
conduct of the municipality's affairs,
the bank would refuse to carry this
municipality further, and no more
money would be forthcoming.
Councillors Stanley and Rowlings
moved that the standing rules he suspended for this meeting, but Reeve
Gold claimed that the motion was out
of order, and tlie municipal solicitor
was called in. The solicitor explained the rules of procedure and stated
that the motion was quite in order.
The reeve still refused to put the
motion, and on the motion of Councillor Stanley, the action of the chair
���was declared not sustained and Councillor Stanley was appointed chairman. The motion to suspend the
rules was. then carried.
Councillors    Allen    and    Rowlings
next moved the reconsideration of the !
motion  to  reinstate Clerk   Springford
and this was carried.
Councillor Allen speaking lo this
motion, said his reason for this was
that he considered this suspension
business, bad business and damaging
to the municipality. All suspensions
should first be placed before the council, claimed the councillor, and further
he said: "I claim that unless a man
lias committed a serious misdemeanor
he has no right to be dealt with in
this drastic manner. Wc have employees wdio when their work is done
we can lay off, but no man should
be thus branded as if he wire a criminal unless there be good reason for
doing so."
���ihc motion for reconsideration was
carried. ,
The following resolutions were then
put and carried, with thc reeve and
Councillor Welsh objecting,
It was moved by Councillor Campbell and seconded by Councillor Stanley, and passed, "that this council,
having been notified that the reeve has
suspended James IS. Springford from
thc offices of clerk and treasurer of
the corporation of South Vancouver,
and having heard the written and verbal reasons given by thc reeve for such
suspension, and the answer of Springford thereto, as well as the statements
of the municipal auditor made in open
council, this council finds that there
was not and is not any grounds for
complaint against James' ii. Springford, and that thc suspension was unjustified and was prompted by thc
personal objections of thc reeve, and
in view of the fact that a.few months
ago charges preferred by the reeve's
private secretary and others against
James B. Springford were investigated and found to be unfounded, this
council resolves that James B. Springford is hereby reinstated in the offices
of clerk" and treasurer."
"Moved   by     Councillor     Campbell
and' seconded  by   Councillor  Stanley,
that 'this council, having twice investigated closely  the  charges brought  a-
gainst   Clerk "and  Treasurer    Springford, and his suspension by the reevc
having  resulted in  blocking the business of Ihc municipality, and prevented the  payment  ::>f pressing liabilities
of the municipality, and resulted moreover  in   thc   dishonor  of  thc  municipality's promissory notes held by the
bank as    well    as    the    dishonor    of
cheques  issued  by  the    municipality,
thereby   bringing   discredit   upon    the
financial standing "f the municipality,
and resulting furthermore in unfavorable reports to purchasers of municipal securities,  which  may  later  entail
large  losses  lo (he  municipality,  also
havini' in view the repeated announcements  of   the   reeve   made    in    open
council   th'at   Janus     B.    Springford
would never again occupy Ihe position
of municipal  clerk and  treasurer, and
that the  reeve  would henceforth  perform ihe duties ol clork and treasurer,
and would  prevent  James  B.  Springford  from  again  resuming  the  duties
of  clerk,   notwithstanding  any   action
the council might take, therefore this
council having reinstated    James    B.
Springford   as   clerk     and    treasurer,
without   regard  to  any  attempt     the
reeve may make tn oust him from office,  or  suspend  him, as  this  council
considers thc threats of the reeve to
have been made with the intention of
over-riding the will of the council, as
well  as  in  violation  of the principles
of municipal government."
Reeve Gold: "I claim that the former charges \yerc found proven and
a charge should have been brought
against him for purchasing tires,
sponges, gasoline and other things for
his own auto and of which no record
was made in thc books of the municipality. Also, anyone who would telephone for a police officer and give
the combination of the safe across thc
phone is no't a competent and capable
official."
Councillor Campbell: "I must remind you, Reeve Gold and Councillors, that the former charges were not
proven and this was the unanimous
decision  of thc council."
Councillor    Welsh':    "I    say    that
Springford   should   have   brought   action against those who brought these
charges  and by not doing so his ac-
j tions do not looft good to me."
A motion was next put and carried
that in future, before any men could
he suspended in the waterworks department, the engineer and water sup-
erintendant be consulted re the same.
A motion that thd combination of
the safe be changed and the combination  be  placed  in  the  hands  of  the
of course,
objecting.
The reeve's veto of the resolution
authorizing the municipal tax sale
was reconsidered and after considerable discussion was disposed of. Reeve
Gobi suggested that the matter be put
to a plebiscite of thc ratepayers.
Reeve Gold: "This is a weighty matter and 1 maintain that thc bank or
the  government  should  help us  out."
Councillor Stanley: "Why don't you
tell thc people what the bank manager said only an hour or two ago.
We were told distinctly the bank refused to give us another cent. Why
not tell the people the whole truth.
Wc are right up against it financially
and the little man, the man who all
along has been paying, will refuse to
pay if wc don't get after the big land
owner and compel him to pay."
Councillor Street: "Our bank manager has distinctly told us we can have
no more money, and we must have a
tax sale. Forty men in this municipality owe over $52,000.00, and if they
can be compelled to pay them we 11
soon devise ways and means of protecting the small fellow. It's work
these men need and with thc big fellows' money in we can give them the
work."
Councillor Welsh moved that a plebiscite be put to thc people, but this
was lost, and the motion lo carry out
the tax sale was carried by S votes to
2.
Tax Collector Riley was instructed
to secure what help was required lo
prepare for the tax sale.
The reeve's veto of the cheque bylaw was next taken up and disposed
of. ' Reeve Gold stated be would never sign this motion until forced by
an order of the court. Thc final reading of the bylaw was carded and it is
understood ihe council will take steps
to get a mandamus from thc court
compelling him to do this.
The council then adjourned to meet
again on Wednesday, June 16.
the school board, instead of through the
municipal offices is formerly.
The meeting then adjourned till Friday.
* * *
The council met again on Friday
morning, the reevc and full council
being present. Before calling the
meeting to order, the reeve drew attention to the actions of the council
in having the locks of offices changed
and combinations of safes changed,
and claimed that the councillors were
exceeding their power in doing  this.
The following motion was put to
the council and carried, Councillor
Welsh only objecting:
"That the Corporation of thc District of South Vancouver commence
proceedings   in   court   against   Reevc
F.dward Gold to restrain him from
suspending J. B. Springford, municipal clerk and treasurer, and to restrain him from ousting the clerk and
treasurer from his office in the Municipal Hall, and to restrain the reeve
from acting as clerk and treasurer, and
to also restrain him from suspending
the tax collector, md to restrain him
from interfering to prevent the tax
sale ordered by the council from being violated by the reeve and that the
said Corporation do join with some
ralepayer and J. B. Springford in said
proceedings, and that Mr. J. E. Bird
is hereby instructed to act as solicitor for the said corporation in commencing and carrying out said proceedings."
The   council   then     adjourned     till
Monday, June 21, at 10 a.m.
H   Local Notes and Jottings   ��
'j
(7=-
FACTS AND FANCIES
By "Observer"
The municipal council met again on
Wednesday morning and considerable
business in the line of reinstatements,
etc., was carried through. Thc councillors were all present, but Reeve Gold
who was in attendance at a court case
in thc city, was not in his usual place.
Councillor Stanley was voted lo the
reeve's chair.
Several communications, some of
which were from Reeve Gold, were
read and unaimouslv ordered to be filed.
The reinstatement of Clerk Springford was unanimously carried and the
council gave instructions that Ihc combinations of the safes in the hall be
immediately changed and retained in
the bands of Clerk Springford.
The following motion re thc tax sale
was carried, Councillor Welsh objecting: ,   ,
"In view of tlie announcement of Ihe
reeve that he intends to prevent the
tax sale ordered by the council, and in
view of the fact that in furtherance of
such intentions, he has suspended three
clerks in Ihe collector's office for the
purpose of delaying the work, and in
view of the fact that the reeve has
taken from the collector part of tlie
lax list prepared by the collector for
publication in the papers, and has retained same and failed to return it to
the collector, with thc apparent intention of preventing thc collector from
publishing such tax list as required by
iaw.
"ihereforc ihis council hereby instructs the tax collector and all municipal employees in his nfice lo ignore
and disregard any and all suspensions
from office which the reeve may make,
and they are also hereby instructed to
refuse to deliver over lo ihc reeve any
documents in Iheir office, on penalty
of instant dismissal."
'A motion was hoxt read and carried
instructing the tax collector to secure
what help he may find necessary in
arranging for the tax sale.
Motions to reinstate the following
officials were passed: Miss llcnch,
court stenographer; Messrs, Landcls,
Motiat. Hunter and Robinson of the
waterworks department, and Messrs,
Campbell, Young and M abbot I of ihe
collection, office, hire chief Lester
was reinstated as chief of fire department and 'P. Rutherford was reinstated as blacksmith.
Considerable discussion look .place
regarding the $70,000 now on hand for
sewer work. It was finally agreed to
instruct the engineer lo make all necessary preparations for thc commencing of this work at the earliest possible
date.
The much talked of cheque bylaw-
was again brought before the council
and action was taken to finally settle
this matter. The rules were suspended
and Ihe bylaw read according to the
requirements of law, and the following motion was carried unanimously:
"'that Councillor Stanley, the chairman and person legally presiding at
the meeting of council held on the 16th
day of June, 1915, at which the herein-
mentioned bylaw has been finally adopted, and the clerk of the council do
now sign bylaw to authorize the signing of all cheques and bank documents
r\f the Corporation of thc District of
South Vancouver. Also the payment
into the bank ,of thc monies received
by the said Corporation. And also as
to the operation of different accounts
and that thc Clerk do seal same with
the corporate seal.
After the motion had been unanimously carried, Clerk Springford appeared and the bylaw was duly signed
and sealed.
A motion was carried instructing the
clerk to write to thc Government in
Victoria asking for an answer to their
previous efforts in connection with thc
proposed work on River Road.
A motion was also carried unanimously asking the government to send
cheques  for school  teachers direct  to
As Reeve Gold seems to be "getting
it" all round this week, I will refrain
from criticism except to say that I
am looking forward with interest to
the outcome of the proposed appeal
to the law courts for an injunction to
restrain the reeve from exercising
what he claims to be the powers given by thc Municipal Act. It should
settle once for all who is to rule���
reeve or council.
* * *
There is one matter councillors
should seriously consider���the unemployed problem. The time has arrived when councillors and public must
realize (hat no longer may councils
be expected to find employment for
all who can not find work, elsewhere.
There used to be an expressive phrase
to describe the working of the Poor
Law of the United Kingdom, in the
case of old peole who were known to
have a little bank account but bad to
be taken care of by ihe authorities.
Their bank account was confiscated
and used to provide for the old folk
in the Poor House or. as it used to
be said: "To baste them with their
own fat." And thc time has arrived
in South Vancouver and other municipalities when the people, if they look
to the municipality to keep them in
eniployemcnt, must be "basted with
Iheir own fat." That is to say, the
people themselves must find Ihe money for the municipal pay-roll���and
wages must be paid out of taxes direct  and not  with  borrowed  money.
What is needed in Greater Vancouver is a pay roll apart from the municipality. Before this can be obtained
to any very great extent two things
must happen���the price of industrial
sites must be reduced to almost nil
or landowners must be prepared to
lease at very low rentals for long
terms of years, and wages must come
down lo a minimum of $1.00 or $1.50
a day. That is not a very popular
view lo take and doubtless our friend
Councillor Welsh will - mightily indignant at the suggestion of a minimum wage of $1.00 a day; but thc
facts must be faced and the principal
fact is this���that manufacturers are
business men who sit down and count
the cost before they embark on an
enterprise of any magnitude. And
with land at present prices and wages
at current rales, B. C. is a country
which will lie given a very wide Jicrlh.
* * *
Fai{ing manufacturies, the land itself, is the next resource. And here
again the price of land in close proximity Io Vancouver and other centres
is such as lo prohibit successful cultivation from a financial point of
view. In the circumstances, before
things can be better in B. C, it seems
to me Ihey have got to be a lot worse
for some people, and particularly for
land speculators.    Verb. sap.
The reduction of ihe assessment by
about six million in South Vancouver
has almost wiped out thc balance of
its borrowing power, even if money
could be obtained at a cheap rate���
which is not likely lo be the case for
sonic years. Therefore, any money
spent by thc municipality in future
must be produced by the' municipality, Consequently when residents clamor for work, the council must make
it very clearly understood that whatever work is done will be a direct
charge against ratepayers.
* * *
There seems lo be a very general
idea that the municipality is bound lo
find work for the unemployed. But.
the Municipal Act. while it gives
municipalities power to oorrow money
for piinlic improvements, distinctly
lays it down that "relief" money for
Ihc "poor" must be raised each year
as required out of general revenue.
And anyone who gives the 'matter
thought must realize that South Vancouver, with a working class population, can not support all its workmen,
or any large section of them, out of
the yearly revenue.
* * *
Some oilier source of revenue must
be looked for, and il seems to me there
is only one source open ai present,
and that is the natural resources of
British Columbia. Ob. but! I hear
someone say. you can not develop thc
Resources of li. C. without outside
capital. I am not so sure aboul that.
In any case CAPITAL has had a very
bad scare lately, what with Ihe advent
of jitneys and ihe consequent fall in
ihe price of B, C. E. R. slock. And
ihc fall in municipal stock is nol a
good augury, for the .immediate l"u-
turej so i'ar as outside capital is concerned. Therefore, what is done lo
relieve the unemployed situation must
PRO-PEANUTS AND
ANTI-PEANUTS
done With B. (.
point   I   think
th
COUIU'lilol
and  guid
money,    That is
South   Vancouver
should   seriously   consider
themselves  accordingly.
lied   ill
been   repeatedly   sta
and elsewhere, British Col-
s a glorious future���but it
!����� forgotten that God helps
i help themselves. And one
si things that must be learn-
As   has
the press
umbia   ha
must not
those wh
of ihe filed is this���that before  B. C. can help
herself very  much  some one has  got
to lose a  good  deal  of  money.    Thai
may
not. Thc loss may not be in actual
hard cash, bill in. the value of real
estate, i-.veryone who gives the mailer a moment's thought will admit
that prices of land in Greater Vancouver soared far obove its real value
during the recent land boom. Many
bought at boom prices. Those people
must be prepared to lose a large portion of iheir investment. Others
bought when land was cheap, comparatively, and have held in Ihe hope of
even higher prices than were attained
during the boom. These people must
be prepared lo lake a good deal less
for their land than they expected to
get���indeed it is doubtful if they wi"
get eventually what they have
in taxes while holdig the land,
is the position of things as 1 see
in Greater Vancouver, and to a less
extent in other parts-of B. C
"In the city they have real buildings, but in South Vanscouver there
is nothing but open fields and pea-nut
stands."
Such were the words of the First
Citizen  Ihe oilier day.
Down Main Street, with much sounding of sirens and rumbling of engines, (wo of the red-painted pieces
of the Municipal fire apparatus rushed
it the rate of a mile a minule.
"Another peanut stand burnt down."
remarked an individual standing at
the comer.
"Yes,"   said  another;    "G   was
right when.hc said there was nothing
out here but peanut stands."
Just then a third individual spoke.
He was a man apparently of some
standing in the community, and his
dress and general apeparauce marked
him as a man of affairs.
"Do you gentlemen mean to say,"
he asked, wilh some heat, "that the
house 1 live in is a peanut stand?"
"I think mighty little of any man
who has no more pride in the community in which he lives than to refer to ii as a community of peanut
stands,
"I ask you Iwo cheap skates to
apologise lor your insulting remarks
and if you don't apologise I'll ram
them- down your throats."
Mr. Big Man at this point rolled up
his sleeves and shook his fists-ill the
faces of  the  Pro-peanuts.
They readily apologised and declared that they didn't mean anything
personal when they made their remarks.
Be it known that the Pro-Peanuts
were employees of a big public service corporation which has big business with South Vancouver and
which picks up many nickels fr.om
South Vancouver people in the course
of a day���which nickels pay the wages
of the Pro-peanuts,
Thieves broke through the window
of a small boot renairing establishment at Twenty-fifth Avenue some
nights ago, rifled ihe till and burnt
the tiny building to the ground.
The proprietor is an liged gentleman, and all he had in the world is
said to have been lied up in his lasts,
hammers, slock of leather goods, sew-
Mr. and Mrs. Robertson of Vancouver Island are spending a pleasant
holiday at the manse, Bodwell Road.
Mr. and Mrs. Robertson are the parents of our well-known local minister, Rev. J. R. Robertson of St. David's   Presbyterian  Church.
* * *
Many of our South Vancouver
young men arc responding to their
country's call, and amongst the latest
to join arc the three sons of Ex-
Councillor Rutledge, who hail from
Collingwood district
* * *
Last Sunday evening the congregation of St. David's Presbyterian
Church listened to a splendid sermon
from the text: "Watchman, what of
the night?" Thc preacher dealt largely with the crisis in Belgium and of
the dark nights through which this
great, little country has been passing,
and prophesied that in the morning
light Belgium would arise a grander
and nobler nation.
* * *
The Ladies' Aid Society of St.
David's Presbyterian Church held a
very successful sale of work on Tuesday afternoon and evening last. A
large assortment of articles donated
by the members of the congregation
and friends were put up for sale and
disposed       of. Refreshmenls       of
ice cream and strawberries, tea and
cake, and candies, etc., were also sold,
and altogether a splendid sum will be
turned over to the managers of the
church to help with the finances of
the congregation. The Ladies' Aid
Society desire to thank all who so
kindly contributed to make Ihis sale
such a  splendid success.
* * *
Day afler day Collingwood is giving
up her young manhood for the love of
King and Country. This week has
been a record one and within the last
few davs nearly a score of names have
been added to the already large list of
those who have joined the colors.
* * *
An interesting service is promised
for Sunday afternoon next in Westminster Church, when 'the Sunday
School services will be mostly taken
up  with .the work in  connection  with
the cradle roll.
* * '���
.he Mission Band of Westminster
Church will be in charge of the Young
People's Meeting on Monday evening.
June 28, and an interesting programme
is being arranged for that evening.
The Ladies' Aid of Westminster
Church met at Ihe home of Mrs. E.
W. Peach, 29th Ave., on Thursday
afternoon. A very good attendance
was had. After the regular business
was taken care of, tlie ladies engaged
in a social cup of tea and light refreshmenls from the hostess.
GUARDS, ATTENTION!
Mr. George J. Hayward, Twenty-
fifth Avenue and Main Street, has
been commissioned to organize a corps
of the Volunteer Home Guards in the
district, and requests all the men in
the neighborhood interested to communicate with him. A, drill shed ha.*
been secured and the guard will hold
regular drills.
LOCAL HONORS IN
MUSICAL EXAMINATIONS
Among those to pass the musical
test given -> Mr. Arthur llinton, Royal Musical Academy, were eight
South Vancouver boys and girls, pupils of Miss Eva Jane Kay.
Those for ihe primary grade were
Theresa Trayling, Clifford Radcliffe,
Mamie Bruce, and Jean  Bruce.
For the elementary grade, Marion
Huson, Rhea Piquet and Jack Kcan.
and Miss Lucille Davis for. the lower
division.
Miss Kay was the only teacher in
Greater Vancouver who was successful enough lo have all pass who entered.
\ most successful Strawberry Social
md festival was held by the members
of thc Robsou Memorial Church last
Tuesday evening. A large number
turned out to give their assistance and
to enjoy the social aVld the result was
highly gratifying to the ladies who had
the programme in hand.
* * *
The Rev. J. R. Craig will give- another of his special sermons on Sunday evening next, when the title of his
subject will be: "Tightly tied up." This
should prove another very interesting
and profitable sermon.
Mr.
being
a new
and Mrs. J. W. Goosetrey are
congratulated on the fldvcnt ojj
baby girl. June 16th.
Mr. Xichol of 5406 Main Street left
for Manitoba, June 14th.    His wife and,
daughter will remain in Vancouver for
a lime.
# * *
Rev. Mr. Sing, the new pastor oi
Mountain View Methodist Church,
preached at both services, Sunday, June
13. ihe members of ihc congregation
were pleased with the appearance of
their new pastor. 'The Quarterly
Board have granted him a month's holidays. The pulpit will be filled next
unday. June 20th, by Rev. Mr. Dean
of  Columbia  College.
A very impressive memorial service
was held last Sunday by Ladv Maccabees im their hall, Mount Pleasant,
and thchce to Mountain View cemetery, where they decorated the graves
of Iheir deceased members.
LADIES' LIBERAL CLUB
The moves being made by the Liberal Women's Associations throughout Greater Vancouver arc bringing
forth Comment. One man writes to
the morning contemporary and says
that the Conservative women have-
turned iheir efforts towards assisting
the brave fellows who arc fighting
our battles at the front." He further
says "That the women of the Liberal
party have lost that humane and womanly instinct of love and duty." Actio! a great many of our Liberal women working hard lo provide necessities for Ihe front? Are not some ol
our most active Liberal workers prominently identified wilh the Red Cross
Society, and such bodies that arc doing such noble work and so willingly
One lady wdio attended a newly organized association, when asked t'
assist with the work, refused because
she was so busy sewing for the Red
Cross.
Ever" woman identified with tin
Liberal Associations is doing her part
to assist our brave soldiers and by
uniting efforts with the Liberal party, will not alter the case in the least
Perhaps Ihe Conservative women
have everything they want and need
not fight for any particular reason.
They know-it would do them no good
to petition that government for woman suffrage if ihey did want it! If
the men of the Conservative parly an
satisfied with thc state of affairs, win
should not the women be?
Wbv does a woman want to vote:
"Because she wants to be Premier,"
says the non-suffragist, "or inembei
of Parliament." That would not In
the reason I waul to vole or any other woman, I dare say, but 1 do warn
a say in Ihe laws governing our
schools, hospitals, my property anil
my children.
The laws regarding women and children jit British Columbia are very unfair, and any women, no matter wha!
her politjcs are, should be interested
in  that. '
The Conservative party has had il
in iheir power to change those laws.
They have been asked to often enough
but have relused, and that is the reason a greal many women are endeavoring lo help the Liberal party, they
realize thai is the only channel through
which  equal suffrage  will come.
���LADY MARY.
EMPEROR GOLD
By !���'. L. Vosper.
L
the
ist Sundi
Order of
v WI
Mas
decoration day for
paid
That
them
eem a paradox, but really  it  is  ">' machine, and the other articles of
��� ���   the   plant.
His building wasn't much bigger
than a peanut stand. But to him it
was a big building-jbigger than the
Rogers Building is to its owner, bigger than the Vancouver Block to its
owner.
Monday morning found him standing in the ashes of his former place
of business in which he probably saw
the charred remains of a sufficient
number of meal tickets to carry him
over next winter.
A man who keeps an establishment
a few yards away saw the old shoe
repairer and a happy thought struck
thc neighborhood. That man had a
small building on a piece of property
nearby, a building that would just suit
the oldtimer who was burnt out. He
hooked up a team of horses and had
thc structure removed'bodily. Today
it stands upon the site of the wreck.
It is a larger building and a better
building for Ihe purposes of housing
a shoe mendery.
Another man went around with a
subscription list and raised a little
money   from   thc   neighbors. This
money was given"to Mr. Shoe Man.
Now he is in business again, bigger
than life.-
The people responsible for helping
ihe poor old man back into business
are Anti-Peanuts.
Whether the loss that must come
to "the speculators in land comes
through tax sales, or by sales of land
at very low prices, they will do well
to make up their minds that come it
will, and it is for them to decide whether to make the best of a bad job by
cutting their losses or to court ruin
by holding on till swamped by arrears
of taxes���Which are bound to increase
year by year in spite of retrenchment
and economy.
Rev. G. Caffin and wife, of 1H2 .Wth
.ivemie West, left June 14 for Bowen
Island, where ihey spend  Iwo months
camping each summer.
*    *    *
I'he second daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
Sydney Blight of 229 46tb. Avenue F...
is very ill.
* * *
��� Tn St. David's Church next Sunday
evening, thc minister, Rev. J. R. Robertson, will continue the series of sermons during the month of June, taking for the subject. "The Great Crisis
in the Christian Church."
* * *
The Second Annual Grand Forks
Picnic will, be held in Stanley Park
on Saturday afternoon, June 26th.
Rev. J. R. Robertson wishes to state
that all former residents of Grand
Forks, p. C, arc cordially inviud to
be  preseht.
* * *
The annual reception of the Cradle
Roll of St. David's Church will be held
on the Church grounds next Thursday afternoon, June 24th. The superintendent and assistant superintendent, Mrs. F. Henley and Mrs. T. J.
Mitchell, cordially invite all mothers
and children of the Cradle Roll department to be present.
* * *
After an illness of three months,
death removed the wife of J. W. Robinson on last Friday. Mrs. Robinson
was a daughter of Mr.-and Mrs. James
Hoag of this city. Edith Hoag was
bom in Mcford, Ont., coming to Vancouver some twelve years ago. Besides her husband, she laaves her
mother and father, and three brothers.
W. M. and Clark, of this city, and Dr.
I. M./Hoag of Philadelphia. The
funeral was held from the familv residence. 22nd and Oak Street, on Tuesday, interment at Mountain View.
s.
ut
i Vane
niver  is
ba
lly sob
,
Il
is
(
rilled
'.old.
by  an
inn
icrat,   I'
mpen
II
IS
1
lead is
,n],l
Soli   bill
his
words
arc
A
1  '
ironcln
1 Boy"
, l
mperor
Gold
sit Ihcre and do
you,    say
LAW by
"Now you council
you're  told,
If  you  don't- I'll   suspend
Emperor Gold,
"But we thought 'twas the
which  we're  controlled,'
"Not by  LAW. but by    MF," rnai
Emperor Gold.
"You've  just   to  sit   there  while  My
will   I  unfold.
Then you've got to obey me," bellows
Emperor Gold;
"Bui  we've got  the  police  our rights
to uphold,"
"I'll  fire  ihe whole bunch," says* Em-1
peror Gold.
'To ret at the taxes s
.     be sold;"
'But not my mama's,'
Gold:
"Then  how will the r
graded and rolled
"I   don't  care a snap,'
Gold .
nine land must (
says Emperor
ads be roeked,
says Emperor
"But  we'll  run  short of water    when
fire gets a hold;"
"There's  enough  on  my  brain,"  says
Emperor Gold.
" 'Twas for order and right our fathers of old
Contended and won il. Emperor Gold."
"I'm bossing you NOW, and I'll see
you controlled
By the mob at my bidding," says Em-
perflr Gold.
"Embodied in ME'you now may behold
Law, majesty, power," savs Emperor
Gold;
So anarchy reigns, confusion, untold
Prevails: We arc governed by Emperor Gold. ffl
SATURDAY, JUNE 19. 1915
GREATER VANCOUVER CHINOOK
FIVE
In Multiples of $5,000 at 8 per cent, on
inside revenue producing business property.
Our client will only consider property that
is now paying its way.
MONEY  TO LOAN      Radical Views On Social
Problem!
By Dr. W. J. CURRY
CANADIAN   FINANCIERS TRUST  CO.
HEAD OFFICE, 839 HASTINGS ST. W.      VANCOUVER, B. C.
Patrick Donnelly, General Manager.
CANYON  VIEW  HOTEL
CAPILANO.  NORTH VANCOUVER. B.C.
II. LARSON, Manager.
P. LARSON. Proprietor.
THE SOCIAL PARASITE AND ITS
ELIMINATION
i"The great problem of civilization is
to eliminiate the parasite."���Elbert
Hubbard.
You need a knowing druggist lo fill your prescriptions
just as much as you need a knowing doctor to find out what's
the matter with you and tell you what to take. When your
doctor writes your prescriptions, bring them to us and know
that you will get them filled right with first-class, pure, fresh
drugs.
We  never mak * a mistake.   We never substitute.
Come to OUR Drug Store
THE BEST DRUG STORE
BURNS DRUG COMPANY, LTD.
Phone 3902
732 GRANVILLE STREET, VANCOUVER. B, C.
What tlie late Mr. Hubbard told ns
is undoubtedly true, and yet lie sometimes used liis brain power to support
private ownership anil exploitation,
which are the parents ol" social paris-
it ism.
It is a faet that if this enemy of the I
human race is not eliminated civiliza-1
lion must decline and eventually perish. |
Many  ignorant and  thoughtless optimists seem to think that because capitalism   is  in  a  state  of  collapse  and
because we have advanced so iar, cooperation and social democracy arc in���
evitaulc, and yet the ruins o( antiquity
I proved to us that exploitation and par-
! isiiisin in numerous eases collapsed and
instead of giving place to a higher soma! Structure, they resulted in ruin and
I national death.
Think of what befell Assyrit, Baby-
ilon, Egypt and Rome; in faet ihc whole
' history of life and mankind on this pla- i
net i�� marked uy the graves of species :
and races which failed to adjust them-1
selves to changing conditions and there-1
lore perished.    .
Does the fact that millions now in
the battle line of tiuropc engaged in
slaughter without knowing why they
fight, that millions elsewhere arc pro-
moling and applauding' the conflict or
ihe faet that today we have famine in
the midst of plenty and in a country
like 11. C, prove that we are much wiser and safer from destruction than the
races and civilization of the past-
"Whai a man sows that he shall also
reap."
ly go onward toward peac
eration.
It is a beneficent law of nature that
the exploitation of the worker and parasitism Usually develops    the    factors
which destroys ii, and  these are  first
the atrophy of the vitality and powers
of  the  parasite  through  disuse.    Secondly, ihroiigh the stimulation and development  through suffering    of    the
protective and aggressive powers oi the
victims of the parasite, and we see this
law operating today in modern society.
11   expresses  itself  in  the   growth   of
democracy.
The Lesson from the Wood Tick
In ihe dry belt of II. C. a lew years
jago, the writer had several painful interviews with what is known there as
tlie wood lick, or pine hug.
In iis normal condition this individual is a quiet and industrious member
of bug society, attending to its family
duties and earning its living as honest-
! ly as any cricket or potato Dug, bill this
I insect can'change its habits and become decidedly offensive.
Civ  him   individual  liberty   to  pro!
I piny rigiils on the back of a man, fori
[instance, let him taste blood, and lie is]
changed to a vampire.    From the size!
and figure of ihe popular bed bug. he
in a few days gorges himself to the cor-
pulcnce of a bumble bee.    All'his affections and  memories of home    anil
loved ones and all his natural tas'tcs and
activities  are   swallowed   up   in   an   insatiable Ihirst  for blood.     Day by day;
i he becomes mure bloated and repulsive,
unable to change his position, he at last;
dies and falls oil'.
It is so wilh mankind.   Under a rigV
environment the average man
harmony to discord, and light t" darl
in-ss.    Under right conditions men are
h;:ppier  when  they  know   thai  others
are happy.
Clevatlon f.J5 Int. (lie hour's trii. (mm Vancouver. Telephone 146
SCENIC   DELIGHTS.   FISHING.   HUNTING.   MOUNTAIN    CLIMBING.   Elc.
Unequalled  Resort  lor  Holiday,  long or short.    Fami'y  Rooms
en suite with special rate.
Modern   appointments  throughout,   spacious  grounds,   hi^h-class   aervice  at   moderate
rates.    Easy trail 10 top of Grouse Mountain, altitude 3.SCO [cet.
KINGSWAY    HOTEL
t       ,1 private ownership of public tttili-'
Men who would be parasites not y��||i(.. was abolished, if class antagonism
Ready for Democracy 1(| |)fi ���    rtnrown tomorrow, even  I LIQUORS AND CIGARS
,.  ,. ,������ true that ihe vast majority   the men   who are today  mine  owners,      FIRST CLASgWU> 	
, and women still desire nofh- stock gamblers, and even    politicians I ���
���"   T&.! than �� Uv�� on the backs of   would   in   many   eases   become   useful |  _	
,g        imuiiiiv     The majority of our an(! contented members of society.
o.^n's'  in   Vancouver   would  like   to      n,ut whcn a man gets on the back oi
r "Real Estate" or through rent, :(hl, worker, w)u.���  he tastes the blood
ive on.   '     ...'r���   the  unholy  trinity  ���n,lm..-r.i��nf,.hn.nroducer in the form
R. CURRY,
it
Nature Teeth"
and skilled
service
My "Nature Teeth" which are entirely different from ordinary
artificial teeth, because they are built into the mouth to match
Nature's own in size and shape and exact tint���my skilled service and modern equipment���my absolute guarantee of painlessness, both during and following all dental work ��� these
things
1-       ,11 "Real  Estate" or llirotign ����n   the worker, when  he  tasles  tile  0100(1
���lire t   or profit, the unholy  trinity  .������, musc|c nf .the.producer in the form
,- \L,.V,1 oarasitism.    This  moral  de- I )f illtcresti ren\ or profit..through town
S, largely due to the fact that ,Dts ���r ,���, stock, wh,��� he    consumes
���rasi.ic  classes  supply  our  '^wealth  ,,1:ll ,,, does nol  produce    be-
i    i..-,U to a very great extent.   ITHS   c.iuse ���[ his ownership 111 the means ol
i s    imiulcs  the "fountain  of    know-  soeiaj   |ife,  ,!,,,,   i���  nine   cases   out   of
I , ,e at its source.    The average  edi-1 u.p   changes as the wood ticks change.
r Treacher or teacher, dare not state ���     , becomes ., parasite and an enemy
he fact's regarding the great problems , ((| |]jmS(.]f am, ,)is race,
���,- the day, since doing so wauiu..en       The same devil of greed which drives
Sanger their prestige and meaI    ck pf ^  Sh locki    svllicn
The advertisers and the financial pil I     ke( Uu. m^.y gh)at oyer ,lis goIdi ,
PHONE SEYMOUR 900
MacDONALD & HAY
BARRISTERS,   SOLICITORS,   ETC.
1012 Standard Bank Bldg. Vancouver, B.C.
Ihe   auvei use, .- .....
lars iyf the church would object
the miser gloat over his gold, is
,���,,���  ....  -      driving  thousands  of  large  and
.noetaltv of Civili- small capitalists on to    struggle    like
Social Parasitism a specialty oi ^ wii|ih  whft.h  [lu.v
zatl0n know they  can  never    consume    and
\mong primitive races there was '��[which  inevitably-becomes  a  curs,  to
i  eCrWed class, no monopoly or Prl" their children.
'C ownership of lamb    l"^.^      If, as  many  believe,  this  great  war
���dvide himself with food /������''. raging in  Europe must result in
���' h,ltl a ! he overthrow of the rulers and the par-
Read these Prices
���cost no more ^^
than ordinary dentistry
man to pr...
the essentials of existenc, 	
stain struggle. His means of prodltc
tion were crude. Dangers on every side
made rest and leisure am unattainable
desire-, and there was no atrophy of
physical or mental forces through disease as we have today.
With the first slave, however, came
flu- first master, and their began exploitation- on  which  parasitism  feeds and
���wl.-'lll,',.     iii     obi
upper   or
 $10.00
     5.00
Full   Set   oi   Nature   Teeth.
Lower     	
Gold   Crowns   	
Bridge  Work,  per tooth        5.00
Cold   Fillings,   per   tooth        2-����
Porcelain Fillings, per tooth .. 1.50
Armalgam Fillings, per tooth .. 1-50
Painless Extraction, per tooth
IISII
Licentiate Dcntul Surgery
Doctor Dental Surgery
Member Royal College Dental Surgeons
212 STANDARD BANK BLDG.
Seymour 4679
asitic classes and of militarism. r>n
which their power to rule and rob r< sts,
and that this war i^ but the death struggle of economic slaver) and is thc birth
pangs ol world wide co-operation, industrial tlemocracy and brotherhood,
then'will the result be well worth--tin
cost and thc blood and tears of the mil-
linns who have died and wlm suffered
EDUCATION
PARENTS SHOULD HAVE THEIR
DAUGHTERS
,.���������, ������ which  parasitsin  .^v       i,,- lions who Have mm anil fti
aS     With  every  advance  u   otaI,,, ���,��� lu, ..���,, in v;lin.
latteiis. nroductioil undei   pn-
forces ol wealth prooivu. uicSi| -<~m~.���
wm.s.hall ps^sB
.....^..  n i   R���reerv I natasltlStn becomes    mc ���,
PURE MILK DAIRY CO.
Pure Pasteurized Milk and Cream delivered daily to all
parts oi tlie city
Try Our BUTTER MILK, fresh daily.     Tt aids digestion.
Our CREAM is the Purest.   Our WHIPPING CREAM the
Richest
Also dealers in BUTTER and EGGS
andmore vicious, more disastrous ti
The'Question is not do you work but
What do you do?
We all know that the majority olin-
sectpfasites areworkers and..��*
SNAP  SHOTS
ATTEND THE
Burrard School for Girls
1242 BURRARD STREET
tin
���   Office and Store     -     522 BROADWAY EAST
Plant - 515 TENTH  AVENUE  EAST
mmkmmmsmmawmnmamm 111
Do You Want Bigger  Poultry Profits?
LET OUR EXPERTS SHOW YOU HOW
A few years ago poultry raising was a comparatively easy matter.
But today it is different. With the cost of feed going up���with competition growing keener and keener���with the rapidly increasing number
of truly scientific poultry raisers���the man who now raises poultry at
a profit simply Ml'ST learn the business from the bottom up.
He must know how to feed and breed for eggs���how to get the
most rapid growth for market���how to most successfully breed for
show purposes. He must know the short cuts to success. He must
study the experience of others.
The poultry raising course of the International Correspondence
Schools comprises 24 practical lessons for home study. It represents
the experience of the most successful poultry raisers in the world as
well as our own wide experience on the Rancocas Farm at Brown's
Mills, N. J,���the world's largest poultry farm.
For any information regarding "any of the I. C. S. courses (and we
have 284 to choose from) see '
W. H. Coulter
Local Manager
10 BURNS BLOCK, 18 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Issssssaaass���
are you di
your work of value '
11  we take more from society
form of food, clothing, etc., than  we
give ;n social service, then to thai extent we are drones and a burden to the
producers of wealth, and to our race.
But probably the worst form of the
social parasite is after all the idler, and
Bllie exists by reason oi his ownership of
B land, hanks, railroads, and other social
necessities.
John I). Rockefeller is a type of this
class. Some time ago he testified in
court that for over ten years he had
done no work and also admitted that
he derived an income of thirty million
dollars per annum through his stock in
the Standard Oil Company.
But John D. is among the most harmless of the breed. As a rule "Satan
finds some mischief for idle hands to
do," and what the preacher tells us is
"sin" or "wickedness" is mainly the
misplace of energy, just as dirt is only
matter out of place.
Today we see luxury and idleness
producing degeneracy, viciottsness.)
blood lust and war. Many members
of the blooded aristocracy and plutocracy as well who used to engage their
time in gambling and hunting foxes or
going into the wilds to shoot monkeys
and big game, are now glutting their
ambition to kill on the battle lines of
Europe, in fact our statesmen and cap1-
���-  '   ...,tl���,l   off  a
The  gift  of  perception  is  nol   ���
common to the people, but if a man I
brays  long   enough  and  loud  enough
his ear- eventually will be discovered
Mi n should try for both spi i il
endurance.       It   i-  thc  only   \\.-\
which   they   can   hope   to  outrun   tl
wi iinen.
* *' *
A   colored man's   idea   of   a     .
town  is  one in  which   thc charitnbli
organizations are   active   and    open
banded,
Miss B, H. CARTM1LL, Principal.
FOR TERMS, Telephone  Seymour  1847,  or  call  in  person.
An   exceptional  man  is  ntie   whose
conversation interests his wife.
* a *
i lie postcard has ils p.-es. For
those who wish to write: "Having a
good time: give my regards to the
bunch." ii probably is the most convenient form of long distance communication.
B0JH * a *
Some achieve distinction in one way
'and some in another. It is Eph Wiley's boast that he never gave anyone an "Elsie" hook.
* * *
Mothers generally are agreed    thai
it is necessary to begin spanking bo)
babies at the age of one year and girl
babies at the age of sixteen  months.
* * *
Buck Kilby says there is only one
thing worse than having a tooth
pulled, and that only a woman can
iknow what it is.
Contrary to popular belief, it is the
borrowed book, and not the borrowed
umbrella that never is returned.
+ * *
Col. 7abcz   Ellington,   who   was   in
twenty-eight .battles, savs he has been
������������������ -:���   .1...   rs;���;i
N Phone Seymour 1946
ENGLISH COLLEGIATE SCHOOL
1150 ROBSON  STREET, VANCOUVER,  B.C.
Miss HILDA A. POMEROY, Principal
Certificated at the Hoard of Education, England.
Trained at Bishop Utter College, Sussex.
Associate of Arts at Oxford University.
Certificated at Trinity College of Music���Piano and Harmony.
English Literature and Science Distinctions at Examination
SUBJECTS TAUGHT.
ALL ELEMENTARY STUDIES (Preparatory wnd otherwise).
and
NEEDLEWORK (Plain and Fancy).
DRAWING AND PAINTING (All branches).
MATHEMATICS.    Matriculation Syllabus, London University,
BOTANY AND NATURE STUDY.   With Microscopy if desired.
LANGUAGES (By arrangement).
. TAILOR  DRESS-CUTTING  AND  MAKING  (London Academy).
SWIMMING, PHYSICAL CULTURE, ATHLETICS, ETC.
ENGLISH LITERATURE (Poetry and Prose).
Pupils of any age prepared in any of the above subjects, by arrangement, DAY or EVENING.
TERMS
Parents are requested to call in person and interview Miss Hilda A.
Pomeroy, Principal Eng lish Collegiate School
Europe, in laci om na���.	
italists  could never have pulled off a!*'1'
 !*u���,��  ��� I wa
war  such as now we  have  without a
"military caste" which looks on <ear as
the great game of life, as well as death.
Public Ownership means death to the
Social Parasite
With the elimination of exploitation
through punlic ownership, the parasite
will drop off the back of society like
'    .... i ...�� ...Ill ,!,���,, ranirl.
:wfllll-uf;i.i ,������- .-.-_��� ..
shoft   of   breath   ever   since   the   Civil
war.
* ���!������   *
A   man   picks   out     a   nice     round
stone.     A   woman   throws   the   thing
that is handiest.
* * *
The contention that there is a reason for everything is jarred from it
foundation  by  the   Iowa    man     wh
riSLftS-S s.=:.si=i����=�� ������ -���-,s *""��� i
KENT & SON
SECONDHAND   STORE
Can  supply  your   needi  at  right
prices.
COLLINGWOOD EAST
(Right at Station)
*"' ������" THE GREATER VANCOUVER CHINOOK
EDGETTS
Retail Grocers Selling at Wholesale Prices
BIG CUT SPECIALS FOR SATURDAY
SUGAR���18   lbs.   Purs  Cano  Sugar:   reBulnr  J1.50  per   A|   Of\
kkcU,     for      T
with other groceries.   Only t wick to each customer.
l-l.urll    IllB   specl.il.   Hoses,   Hoynl   Household,   V.i lb.     ff 1    QC
Hack,   with   other   groceries,   for.
PLUMS AND PEAitS���LarffS 5oo tins.   Special, 3 Una        25c
TEA���"Bdgetta,"    very    best    blend;   regular   10c   value,       25c
lor.    per    lb X-
11UTTI0H���KDUISWOOD,   Fresh   Made Creamery;  liifchesl   JC1    AQ
grade!   special,   3   lbs.   for ���*,w"
PRESERVING  JARS���Quarts,   85* stolen |   Pints    05c doaen
SOAP���Extra special, 10 bars  (Pels Naplhii)
for	
60c
Peaches, large Ballon OC.
tins. 30c value for... "H/t
Cherries,   large   gallonOC^,
this   for    ��Ci��-��v.
Potatoes, Highland, ,KQC/��
tra fine quality, sack. OJC
Ilacon   Special;   sliced. 0[J
per  lb.   lor ��t%3\.
This is our reg. 3.1c value.
Hams, Swift's Picnic, 1 A���
reg.   10c   lb.   for 1��
Rice,   very   best;   regular   lie
per lb.    Special, 11 lbsOEf��
Eggs,  2 *t:iys old,
3 dozen   for	
Eggs,   selected,   4
dozen  for  	
Strawberries,  per
crate	
Large   boxes,   each 10c
Raspberries,   large   box.., 10c
$1.00
$1.00
$2.25
JAM -Kootenay; pur,, fruits and   cane  .sugar,   5   11).   tins;      fJAf
regular 4   lb. tins sell at 75c.    Extra value WW
Prices���Quality���-Service���Make  Kdgett'a   the  Big   Siorc        __
Sneelnl   Deliveries  Everywhere.
Phone   Orders,  Seymour B808. Mull Order Specialists.
SUCCESS
Awaits those who are prepared to accept their business opportunity
when it presents itself.   Hundreds of
OPPORTUNITIES
Will present themselves in the great revival of business following thi.
war. If you are wise, you will get your training now and be ready
for your opportunity.
Our Winter Term Opens Monday, Jan. 4
See us about it NOW.     The information costs you nothing.
Success Business College
Limited
E. Scott Eaton, B.A., Principal
CORNER TENTH AVENUE AND MAIN STREET
Fairmont 2075 VANCOUVER, B.C.
Dr. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
Ring up Seymour 2354 for Appointment
Suite 301 Dominion Building, Vancouver, B.C.
HILLCREST DAIRY
PURE PASTEURIZED MILK
131 FIFTEENTH AVENUE WEST
Phone Fairmont 1934
Local
Preacher Gives Sermon
on "The Crisis in B.C.
����
Startling Facts Regarding the Big Land Grabs are Brought out
"Go   prophesy
Amos 7:15.
unto   my   people."���
Thc prophet Amu
preaching from the
No Preservatives No Adulteration
Purity Guaranteed
11 Quarts for 1'Dollar
* was publicly
royal sancturay
.it Bethel In the face of King Jeroboam and the royal priest Amagiah,
as well as in the presence of the lords
and ladies of the kingdom, Amos was
fearlessly proclaiming against the corroding iniquities of business life and
the corrupting morality of public life
in the nation. At last Amagiah protested. He complained to the king
and stormed in the face of thc prophet, commanding him to leave thc
country and go to another place where
he could make a better living and not
give such offense. Hut the prophet
replied that he wasn't preaching for
money or bread or the good of his
health. "The Lord said unto me Go
prophesy unto my people." It's h;ird
for sonic people yet to understand
that preachers arc not preaching
smooth, harmless things for money or
bread, or health, but often strong and
stern, hard and harsh things that give
offence to some of the high and mighty, in response to their high calling
for the people and their Divine call
from God.
A National Crisis
Israel in the time of Jeroboam II
had reached a state of the greatest
prosperity and power of wealth and
luxury. There were summer houses
and winter palaces of stone and ivory,
divan couches and silken cushions for
lazy luxiirioiisiicss. tumults and oppression in the land, of violence and
rolincry ill thc palaces. All this was
accompanied by the oppression and
violence of the poor, the distress and
helplessness of' the needy, judgment
was turned into gall and righteousness into wormwood. The strong and
the weak walked together, not hand
in hand, but club in hand. This national state brought about a crisis���
a fatal fever, a dire calamity, the
dread captivity,
This national state finds a parallel
in the state of British Columbia'during the past decade.    During this per-
' "���!��� find the greatest prosperity and
political power in our history. We
have been producing on the one hand
unbounded wealth and luxury. We
have produced by the score trust companies that cannot be trusted, corporations that have no soul, parasites
that have bled the poor and the needy.
Wc have manufactured millionaires
who have multiplied miseries and enthroned speculators wdio have plundered thc people. Out frenzied finance shone with the brightest gilt and
glitter, glow and glamor, producing
a boom that had no bounds. And
now on the other hand, the boom is
broken, and its crash is crushing in
the heads of the poor. Adversity has
succeeded prosperity. The wealth of
our country has lost its health. The
humble, industrious toiler stalks the
streets with limpid hands, languid feet
and languishing heart. Many thousands of thc people who by birthright
or adoption, or as pilgrims to this
promised land, are now looking out
upon the sea and up unto thc hills,
and what do they sec? They see thc
shoals of fisheries, the harvest of the
sea, gathered in by thc thousands of
Orientals at one end of thc net, and
a few rich men or companies at the
other end. They look up to the hills
and sec thc black diamonds bursting
from the hillside, and find a company
in Chicago with 92,800 acres, where
for 150 years this prosperity can produce 100,000 tons of coal per day, and
this Groundhog Company can dig
and deliver this anthracite coal for
$3.00 a ton, while the people in the
Province must pay from $7.00 to $10.-
00 for their own heritage, and we min-
I isters arc finding women and children
Mill: Foot of Ontario Street, Fraser River
Phone: Fraser 97
PATRONIZE HOME INDUSTRY
CANADIAN   CEDAR
LUMBER CO.
Manufacturers of
BEVEL SIDING, BOAT LUMBER
HIGH-GRADE CEDAR LUMBER AND LATH
Wholesale and Retail ,
GRIMMETT P. O., SOUTH VANCOUVER
P. M. HAMILTON F. WILLIS
huddling  beside   cold   stoves,   because
they cannot pay this iniquitous cost.
They look upon the forest groves, the
finest in the world, and find that 80
per  cent  of  this   great  heritage   has
been alienated from the people to the
extent that many private and foreign
companies have bought  for $1.00 per
acre  that   which   has  a   valuation  of
$99.00 per acre.    The so-called timber
"reserve"   simply   means  a   "reserve"
of  20  per   cent,   of  the   remote    and
scrubby  remnant  for  the  people, and
a  "preserve" of 80 per  cent,  of  the
choice  forest  wealth  for  the  grabber
and  the  speculator.     And   then     our
pioneering  pilgrims  look  up  the  valley vales and roiling dales in,search of
land to till and homes to build, only
to  find  that  the  promises  have  been
false  promises,  that  free  lands  have
been staked by fraudulent agents, that
crown   grants   have  been   granted   to
crown  thc  insatiate  powers  of  attorney, until 90 per cent, of the soil has
been taken from the soul of the country,  so  that  now  the  honest'   homesteader can  only  choose  to  pre-empt
the mountain top or river bottom, the
sandy shore or rocky cliff.
A Moral  Crisis
These business and public matters
are of thc greatest moral concern as
well   as   national. Some   fourteen
years ago, when Liberals bad more to
say in thc House than they have today, a prominent Liberal made the
deliberate statement that "British
Columbia was the worst governed
Provinec in the Dominion of Canada."
And now, after all these years when
thc Conservatives have had the best
opportunity of any Province in Canada, a prominent citizen, who has
been a Conservative all these years-,
states that "wc cannot expect matters
to be much better when most of the
ministers of the crown find their chief
recreation in drinking and carousing."
These are great moral concerns a-
gainst which we must proclaim, with
all  the vehemence of true pnjphecy.
It's a great moral concern whether
public men protect and guarantee Ihe
people's rights, or speculate and swindle with the people's heritage. Thc
best people must have moral protection.
Who arc the best people with
rights and heritage? Surely those
born into the family. Those bom in
a Province have a birthright. Those
wise and good from the east or elsewhere, who came into the adoption of
our Provincial home. ose pilgrims
from the mother land, who have been
promised a land flowing with milk
and honey, and a home in which to
live and love. All of those who invested their little money and much labor, build their homes, raise their
family, support the schools, the
church, thc store and all the institutions of our higher civilization.
When therefore a man with his wife
and $.350.00 came to take up home at
Hardy Bay on a piece of ground,
bought and paid for on a deposit of
$50.00, and then find on arrival that
other parties have also bought the
same piece of land, and that no title
can be secured frOm either parties in
Calgary or Vancouver, who claim the
right to sell the land, there is surely
something morally wrong. And when
after long delay and injustice they are
allowed to pre-empt a piece of land
on Vancouver Island and on arrival
there find nothing but rolling rock
and precipitous cliffs to cultivate, is
there no moral wrong- Destitute and
disheartened, they are found when the
home of a Christian minister is thrown
open to protect thc independence of
the woman in domestic service, and
the mitn seeks a little work wherewith
lo quit the country with a curse upon
his lips.
When two Scotch brothers came
with their money and their wives to
buy fruit lands and build their homes
in our midst and spend two years in
vain visiting the land office, perusing
maps that arc a maze, while an Indifferent agent smokes his pipe and
nokes his feet upon the table, until at
last, in utter disgust, they turn Iheir
backs on th'S fair land of hope with
a curse upon their lips���there is surely
something morally wrong.
When a man and wife start out from
Quesnel for the long hundred and
more miles walk toA'echaco���the husband carrying all his possessions on
of his back and the wife wheeling the
child in a perambulator in his footsteps���for the new and happy home
which they have secured and when on
arrival there they find a useless morass, there is surely ground for moral
concern. And when in the midst of
this" heart-ureaking disappointment,
a few days later, a new child is born
and the wornout mother dies, must
no voice be raised in sympathy with
this sorrow? Sec the lonely father
burying his beloved wife with the help
of some kind Indians, whose hearts
are tender, and then see him take his
two wee bairns in his arms and carry
them back again over that hundred
miles and more to Quesnel where now
they arc cared for by strangers who
are friends, while the father goes
forth to make a little money to quit
the country���with a curse upon his
lips���the country that has buried, his
wife, broken his heart, and damned
his hopes. Surely our country cannot
stand such moral wrongs.
A Religious Crisis
These matters are not only public
and moral, but they are of great religious    concern. Matters    about
which the Lord commanded Amos to
prophesy.    Amaziah, the loyal servile
priest of the royal, sordid king, was
filled  with   consternation   when    thc
prophet  presumed to deal with matters that  hit  and hurt  the  high and
mighty, so he complained to the king
and protested to the prophet���just as
today some of the  high  and mighty
are   complaining  and    protesting    a-
gainst the prophets in the west.   Thc
Ministerial Union is lfeing advised to
let public and political  matters alone,
that lliose matters for which political
parties and  public men are responsible must not be touched by ministers
of the Gospel.   But just as Amos answered,  so  we  must  answer    tqday.
The   Lord   says   "To   prophesy   unto
my people" against all public and political wrong, against all moral and social  injustice, against  all  business  iniquities in high places.    Did not Moses demand from Pharoah justice and
liberty and Nathan stand before David and say "Thou art the man?" Did
not  John   the   Baptist   tell   Herod   to
his  face  "It  is  not  lawful  for  thee,"
and Paul proclaim the facts to Felix
until he trembled in fear of righteousness   and   judgment   to   come?    Did
not the Lord and Master lash with his
livid  lips  the  false  and  tyrant  rulers
of his day and say of Herod "Go and
tell thnt fox?"    And shall the preacher  and  prophets  of  today  seal  their
lips   in   silence,   wdien   they  know   of
these  moral  wrongs   for  fear of  offending some of the offenders- Will
the Ministerial Union deny Cotsworth
because   he   is   unpopular   with   some
st ideals of our civilization���thc help
f the weak, the rights of the smali,
the honor of the plighted word, the
vindication of friendship, the defence
f liberty, and the guarantee of that
justice and righteousness that cxalt-
eth a nation. Those ideals are being
vindicated today at the cost of millions
in men and money, and shall we in our
prophetic ministry cast our ideals to
the ground, and throw off pity and
sympathy for the poor and weak and
needy to the four winds? Shall we
ask our soldier bovs to sacrifice their
lives for Ihe ideals of empire and we
refuse to point the finger or raise the
voice for the ideals of our community- Shall wc allow the doings of public men to hobble our feet or muzzle our mouths while they continue
to gamble with and swindle away the
people's rights? No, everlastingly,
no! Wc must go and prophesy. Let
the truth be known. Wc must proclaim the truth, the whole truth, and
nothing but the truth. And when the
work of truth is done a better dawn
of day will come.
Truth forever on thc scaffold:
Wrong forever on the throne;
Yet that scaffold  sways  thc  future,
And behind  the dim unknown
Standeth  God  within  the  shadow,
Keeping watch above his own.
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FUNERAL DIRECTORS
public and political men? Why is
he unpopular? Largely because he
chooses to be a fearless prophet rather than a fearsome puppet. A man
who- is in need of money and returns
an $8,000.00 cheque rather than stop
his work, will likely soon be unpopular with some people. This Christian
man who is a Quaker, has frightened
some people by his quack. Sometimes when Quakers are moved to
speak, some other people quake, but
the work of prophesy must go on.
. Must we refrain from this duty in
this time of war? Must we sav peace,
peace, when there is no peace? Our
hundreds and thousands of soldiers
are at the front fighting for the high-
B. C. INDEPENDENT UNDERTA-
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W.   PHONE FAIRMONT 738.
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A nice clean stock of Groceries,
Candys and Tobacco. BRITISH COLUMBIA CHINOOK
SATURDAY, JUNE 19, 1915
By William  Phillip  Simms
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
PARIS, April 23 (by mail io New
York).���Among the women of France
all social distinctions have been put
aside in serving the country.
Today I saw Mine Isabelle Rene
Viviani, wife of the Prime Minister,
aiding in the fare of the children of
laborers now serving in the trendies.
Near her was Mme. Feranan David.
wife of the Minister <>f Agriculture,
assisting some of Paris' poorest women sewing urgent garments intended for  France's fighting men.
Working  side  by  side   with   Mme.
where   ill
ly  shelv<
i :r  as  a
.
let!
the  army  autos
inn act
1  to  a
which  will   carrj   thi
Then there is the knitj.ii g tment
where ���scrvict : knitted
on hand-power mai nines.
Some of th< women in fact nearly
nil of the workers, rei eive
for what ihey do; for Mn ���. \ lam s
principle is that ii .'i w iman is able
to pay. it is her absolute duty to hire
some woman, in need of the money,
i,, ,ii, ii. For a wealthy woman lo do
the work herself means that some poor
woman, in need of work is kept mil ol
ried a line concerning ii; they probab-
n'l   know   such  a  tiling, as   Mine.
Viviani's cantine exists or, if they do,
they  take  it  as  a  mailer  of  course.
There  is '  ward  politi-
i    am ual      amboat ride ami clam-
lie oi igin of the school.    .1
;   mi bei ens'' there was a need
for i: and because a group of women
1 lo do something helpful.
(By a United Press Staff Correspondent).
WASHINGTON, June 12.���Editors
,,f  American  newspapers  arc  among
ii' m st I.. . r ssed peole of the world.
word of Tehodore Schroc-
. ir liic New York Free
ue, who was in the nation
e ��� Iher day and dropped
; while here. Our continuities of freedom of
s are a mailer of "solemn and
jest,'' said Schroeder. He
the well known Mr. Black-
Stone, among others, the others being
those American judges wdio, he says,
blindly follow Blackstone's pro-
nouncetnent, notwithstanding ihe
framers of the constitution specifically sought lo incorporate a broader
idea of the Press's freedom into A-
incrican life.
Blackstone held freedom of the
press to mean, "thc freedom to publish without restraint, hut subject
to subsequent punishment for the ex-
>ression of disapproved opinions." It
ivas this conception of a limited liberty by permission that the makers
of thc constitution sought to destroy,
says Schroeder. American courts, he
says, should accept the Jeffersonian
idea of free speech, which the constitution expresses.
"American judges began overlooking the constitutional guaranty very
roon after the constitution was adopted," says Schroeder. "Soon after thc
Revolution, the Massachusetts courts
declared that the common law crimes
c f blasphemy and blasphemous libel
were declared in force in thai state.
"Pennsylvania courts have declared
the common law crimes of seditious
libel were in force in American state*;,
in spite of the constitution. This precedent, laid down in 1803, has been
applied to socialists in the last two
years by Pennsylvania courts.
"'j liesc decisions in effect perpetuate all of the Pre-Revolutionary English censorship and now all of these
common law offenses here have been
supplemented by a great number of
statutes, indefinitely increasing the
number of opinions penalized in this
country.
"Thc common law definitions of
blasphemy and profanity have been
extended by statutes in about 30
states. The old constructive verbal
treasons have been enlarged upon by
various laws, which, it is pretended,
ivere aimed at anarchists and distur-
bi i of the peace. For example, in
over half nf thc states wc have fixed
penalties for that something which
may  he  generalized    as  tending    to
every train rcacll-
with wounded soldiers.
id over 20,000 sick and wounded men; worked practically night and
day since the firsl wounded started to
come home and have carried on the
gigantic task unaided by public monies.
Mrs. Hint is head of ihc Medical
Sendee department of the Horse
Guards. Her work is behind the
guarded gates of London's great railway terminals. She has 160 motor
ears at her disposal. Every car has
been  loaned  with  ils  chaffeur.
A telephone bell rings in Mrs.
Dent's private office. She learns that
a train of wounded men expected at
Charing Cross at a certain hour. Then
she sets the machinery in motion.
The motor cars are summoned and in
turn each car picks up two stretcher
bearers and a nurse attached to Mrs.
Dent's contingent.
Meanwhile the commandant and her
assistants collect from a large rock at
headquarters blankets, pillows, hot
water bottles and similar supplies
which are packed in a large motor bus
and hurried to the station. Then
Mrs. Dent hurries to the station and
superintends Ihe placing of the 160
autos, nurses, and stretcher bearers,
T'le train arrives. Everything
moves quickly and smoothly. The
wounded oficcrs are first removed,
placed in motor cars, propped up with
pillows and wdiizzcd to hospitals. A
nurse accompanies each ambulance.
Then follow the privates, those whb
can hobble arc taken charge of. Last
of all come the more seriously wouii
These distilleries, located about Iwo
miles from  Balmoral Castle, not only
{ supply  the royal  cellars, but  cater to
those of the Czar, King Alfonso and
King Haakon.    Thc remainder of the
output is placed on ihe general market
land finds ils  way into  London  clubs
I where   the   particular   brand   is  justly
| famous.     The   Lochliagar   distilleries
were first acquired by Queen  Victoria   who  used  the  profits  for   the  Upkeep of  Balmoral castle and estates,
Uld  was able  to  put away  a  neat  a-
mount in ihe private royal exchequer.
Until  tlie  outbreak of thc  war.  the
Kaiser's   cellars   in   Berlin   were   supplied  with  the  royal  Scotch  whiskey.
���Now,  however,   the   Kaiser   must   acquire his spirits elsewhere.    Thc  Kaiser, himself, owns many  vineyards in
the Valley of the Rhine, and ihe surplus of wine is sent to the open market.
* * *���
LONDON, JUNE  10  (by  mail
Mew   Yoik).���Since   Italy     went
war, th   Italian  people have begun
sing   their   "Tipperary"   according
advices  here  today.
The Italian "Tipperary" is an
"canto patriotico" known as "ii Ber-
saglier." It was sung during former
wars. The words are those of a girl
singing about her lover whom she
calls "tore," thc diminutive for "Sal-
vatore." He has said good-bye and
joined the Bersaglieri, the picturesque
feather hatted regiment of the Italian
army. , ne chorus of the song is:
"The Bersaglieri wear feathers in
Iheir hats, Oh! what a lot of poultry
we shall have to pluck.
* * *
SOLDIER  BON-BONS
By William  Philip  Simms
(United Press Staff   -orrespondent)
PARIS, MAY 23 (by Mail lo New-
York (.���"Soldier bon-bons" arc all
the go here now. No dinner party is
complete without them as part of the/
desert.
"Soldier bon-bons" or "bon boiis des
braves" as thc French usually call
them, are all sorts and varieties but
come wrapped in paper of the color
of the various uniforms worn by the
combatants. Wrapper, and wiVli, ihc
ends tristcd kilc the oJd-fasnTorlbd
"kiss," the bon-bon looks something
like a soldier with a head, feet .and
body. Each bon-bon has some, inscription either on ihc wrapper, or inside of it.
"I   am   flavored   wilh    strawberry,"
"Get back!" said the latter harshly.
".Hungry ��� Frenchman," repeated
the Uhlan, falling back a pace or two
"Tomatoes!" He pointed towards thc
Commandant's garden.
"You're   crazy,"   said     ihe     senlry.
"The Commandant's tomatoes- Not
on your life!" He slarted to walk a-
way.
"Hungry���Frenchman," the Uhlan
kept  repeating,
"What  are you!'"   I.e   Floch,  asked,
topping,
The   German   did   nol   under.stand.
"Active?     Reserve-   Laudwehr?"
"Reserve!"    He had caught     Hungry."
"Reserve!"  The Frenchman repeat-
I. "Me too." lie held up both hands
and opened and shut them three times.
The German tapped himself on the
chesl and nodded his head. Then he
also helil up his Iwo hands and opened Bond closed them three times.
"Thirty years old, too, eh? Ihe sentry *aid.
The Gentian made a gesture lo
show lhal something was just so high
from the ground, then held up two
fingers.    The   Frenchman  understood.
"Two gooses���two childer ��� two
kiddies?"
The German nodded his head.
"Me too,* said ihe Frenchman. -
"Hungry��� Frenchman," repeated
thc Uhlan.
The sentry looked around then
opened his musette hanging at his
side. From it he drew his day's rations of bread and cut it in half. Half
he gave to the German, ihe other
went back inlo his sack.
Thc German nodded his head in
thanks.    The  sentry  walked away  on.
del        he   stretcher   bearers     handle
Ihc   wounded     - ommics"   with   gent-i says an English bon-bon, wrapped
lest care.    Here is one with his jaw  khaki-colored paper.
shot away.    Mrs.   Dent  inspects  his
case and ordered extra speed "on the
ambulance"  lo an  hospital  which she
names.
Another  has  suffered a  "shredded
"I laste like vanilla." a French bonbon says. "I'm chocolate," /truthfully
remarks an African candy trooper in
blue-black wrapping, while'a Russian
soldier announces that he is- ot a rasp-
leg .from shrapnel. He is in "need" of |'bcrry flavor-
immediate surgical attendance. Mrs. I And always there is a German bon-
Dent looks him over, gives him a bon. He says "1 am flavored with
word of cheer and despatches him to camomille," or "I resemble a stewed
an institution where he can obtain prune, or "1 am a Bochc and laste of
immediate care on the operating ta- I.imburgcr." Of course the bochc
ble. Another soldier is demented bon-bon always tastes- like the dick-
from his experiences under fire.    He  enrs or worse.
Dorothy Dean, 4 years old, who is a Pavlowa in miniature, performing
difficult dances with sprightly grace and remarkable talent, Dorothy lives in
Los Angeles, California, where she recently won praise for her performance
at the annual children's day given by the Elks' club. She began dancing as
spoil as she could toddle. Her improvisations are declared remarkable for
then  intricacy,
Viviani, Mine David and thc wives
ol French working men, 1 saw some
of the richest soeiely women of Pa-
ris. In the eyes of each woman, high-
horn and low, rich and poor, the same
light shone, a light born of the same
Inspiration which Mme. Viviani put
into words a few minutes later:
"In our own obscure way Ihe women of France arc doing what they
can lo help our country lo win. We
are proud to serve in any way we
can."
ihe scene was in the park surrounding the famous Hotel Biron or the
Convent of the Sacre-Coeur, closed
at Ihc time of the Separation. The
Convent proper has been razed and
only the Hotel (now the home of thc
world's greatest sculptor, Augustc Rodin and his wife) and the Chapel are
left standing. The buildings and
grounds are now used by Mme. Viviani's "Nursery-Cantine," where ihc
younger children of the poor arc la-
ken care of so the mothers will be
free to earn a living.
Along* the shady walks, among the
flowering pear trees and on the grace
fill terraces, the children of the poor
were playing. In front of Rodin's
door a group of perhaps 40 boys and
gir's tinder the age of 14, were being
shown through a half-dance, half-exercise designed to teach them gent!
ness and grace as well as to build up
heir bodies.
At the north end of the house other
hildren   were   commencing  a   flower
larden,  some  wielding  rakes,    some
pades and others garden hose. Near-
r' a score of the very young were
lyif-r in the sand.
Tn the Chapel, which has been con
erted   into   a   temporary    workshop,
ome 30 or 40' women and girls sat
ewing.    Some  were  making trousers
or soldiers, others were making shirts
underwear, and so on.    One room is
Not   that the
He���far   from
tasks which
���ealthy should
ii���but there
inly the more
i o. rform. li,  ���
a place,
remain   i<
many
accomplished women
supervising   children,   teaching,   ill
ing, and so on,
Ai the Nursery-Cantine between
and 100 children were watched 0'
i'he mothers of some of them
employed in thc - wing depat
The mothers ol the i tnaindi r
jobs in town. The children are cloi -
ed and fed, are educat :d menti
physically, the women in chari bein
anion- the elite ���:'....', .' j.
drcn arc taught some hal ,, the
Montesori system, though modified
to suit conditions, 'iheir studies are
light and they are allowed to follow
their natural bent. Some draw, .some
sew, some play and sing. Most of
their time is spent playing at beneficial games in thc park which, though
in the centre of Taris, in the sh Icnii
of Napoleon's tomb at ihe Irivalides
gives one the impression of being hi
thc country.
At 4.30 every afternoon the children
march into an improvised dining room
where tables and floor are scour'd to
Spotless whiteness, and have a big
bowd of chocolate and buttered bread
"-Since the school was founded last
tall, said Mme. Viviani, with pride
"wc have not had one sick child "
One could well believe her. for thc
cheeks of all the children were round
and as rosy as the blossoms on the
peach-trees  in   the garden.
The institution ;s no press-agent
affair. Mme. Vi- iani herself founded
the school-canti 'e sonic months ago,
yet few peopL, even in Paris, know
of its existence. There is nothing political about it, for though ils founder's
husband is Prime Minister of France,
neither has sought publicity because
of it.   The Paris papers have not car-
..  liberty in ihc most of
��� ��� y   ��� rid   " ith     ipunity,  but
lot del   ii flag that is
"Out in the state of Washington���
progres i.e in mosl things���-they make
Ihe law contemptible by statutes which
make ii a crime to publish anything
hal I n Is to create disrepect for thc
' cleans that .-' man is a
criminal ii he argues for ihc icpcal.
of a' statute, because such argument
necessarily  lends   to   create  disrespect
for  the law  sought  tg be  repealed.
The courts have held that it is only
iy to create���or tend lo create
ipect  for  a   single  law,  under
this statute
is sent in an automobile to the proper place. Every wounded ' Tommy"
is attended by a nurse as he is whisked through London streets to his hospital cot. Every ambulance is c-
quipped with a surgical hamper and
thermos flask and he receives every
possible care.
Hundreds of wounded soldiers
owe Iheir lives to the care they have
received en route from railroad stations to military and civil hospitals.
Every one of them is grateful to Mrs.
Lancelot Dent and her brave contingent.
* * *
LONDON, JUNE 10 (by mail to
Xew York).���King George, England'^ abstemious monarch, is a distillery owner.
Added admiration for the King's
recent  pledge  of  tcctolalisin   has  de-
thc
'King derives a considerable portion
of his income from the Lochnagar
whiskey distilleries on his Balmoral
estate in Scotland.
nn.I   for  the  flag.  One l',;',:ll,l,c'1,  Vth   knowledge      thai
his-rutinds
+
READ
THE
CHINOOK
* * *
PARIS (by mail).���German or
French, human nature is much the
same. If Hans and Jacques can gel
together and talk a few minutes they
can usually find a theme upon which
to establish sonic sort of mutual sym
pahty.    For instance:
Down in Morocco there is a camp
of German prisoners. Inside a wa
overlooking thc vegetable gardens of
the French commander of the place,
the Germans livein tents. Next the
wall is the paht of the sentries, and
along thc Private Le Floch paced up
and down.
"Mister Frenchman!"
A voice came from the shadows of
the tents somewhere and in it was a
quality which caused, Le Floch to
sloji short and clutch his gun with
bayonet at the position of charge.
"What the devil!' he exclaimed.
"Hungry," came back the low, rather timid voice, And suddenly a
giant of a Uhlan appeared before the
soldier.
Greater
Vancouver's
LIVE
WEEKLY
������ii
!>���
���In
���led.
York- il is a crime, punish-
i years in jail and a fine of
ulvocate the overthrow of
mized    government      even
in Russia, no lawful means
Jersey, a man was indict-
��� <i for exposing in a show window a
picture calculated to belittle the King
Italy. In die imagination of ihc
judge, thc picture tended speculatively and problematically to create war
between  the United  States and  Italy.
"Nearly all of the states have laws
punishing under various names a constructive breach of thc peace. This
means that you may not say or "tib-
lir.h anything which could possibly
offend anyone. If, in the imagination
of ihe judge, anybody could possibly
take offense at it, such a person is potentially and theoretically provoked
to' a disturbance of thc peace against
the offending speaker or publisher.
"All our criminal libel laws ought
to be repealed. Such laws were passed originally in England for the protection of the privileged classes in the
peaceful enjoyment of their privileges."
THE WOMEN ARE DOING A
HEROIC PART IN THE WAR
SHE REFUSES $2500 IN TIPS EVERY YEAR
By Wilbur S. Forrest
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
LONDON, June 10 (by mail to
New York).���One of the bravest soldiers in London is Mrs. Lancelot
Dent. There are more brave woman
soldiers ir, London. Thev are principally Mrs. Lancelot Dent's trained
assistants.
By Fred. L. Boalt
Seattle, Wash.. June 3.���Miss May
Siclile, in charge of the cloakroom al
the Hotel Washington here, is imtip-
pablc.
If she would take lips, she could
make $2,500 a year in addition to her
salary. "But," she says, "j would lose
my self-respect."
The hotel management could, if it
desired, fire Miss Stehlc, and save her
salary, and, to boot, sell the cloakroom
"privilege" for $150 a month.
But the mere fact that it has an employee who actually spurns tips has
proved such an advertisement that the
hotel couldn't afford to let Miss Stehlc
go if it wanted to���which it doesn't.
The travelling public cannot believe
its cars when it hears Miss Stohle refuses tips. "Thank you," she says, with
a gracious smile, "but I don't take tips."
Miss Stehlc has kept a record of thc
comments of the great and near-great
when their dimes, quarters and half-
dollars were refused.
Marry Lauder: "A vair-r-ry pr-r-
roper attitude."
Nat Goodwin: "Miss Woman, you're
going down on my list of eligiblcs
right now!"
Forbes-Robertson: "Was not my offering large enough? I would be
pleased to increase it."
President HV B. Earling of the Milwaukee railroad: "That was not thc
way John D. got his start."
Ex-Vice-President Fairbanks: "Important if true."
Medill McCormick and wife (with
one voice): "How extraordinary! It
couldn't happen in Chicago."
Clarence Darrow: "The liiillcnium
has come."   .
Governor Lister of Washington:
"Now I can die happy. I have met my
hat without its costing me one-tenth
Miss Mae Stehlc,
of its price."    The proffered guberna.
tonal tip was 550 cents.
Blanche Ring, vaudeville actor: "Gir
"no tip" girl
lie, you'll be more famous than one of
De Wolf Hopper's wives."
James J. Hill: "Humph!"

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