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The Standard Nov 11, 1916

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Array :��    no *i i: ii    s i it i; i; i
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S E V H 0 I
Vol. V, No. 28���Established 1911
VANCOUVER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATURDAY,   NOVEMBER    11,   1916
Price Five Cents
Humbugging the People
"T'N Tlll;, presidential campaign in the Stale of Washing-
inn, tlie Republicans took a page in lhe Seattle POST
INTELLIGENCER tn tell the people thai the Underwood
tariff placed the people of Washington at the mercy of
British Columbia.
*i British Columbia lumber, fish, hay, coal, fruit and other
food products glutted the Washington market and ruined
Washington business, declared the Republicans.
"fl In Canada the Conservative party corresponds with the
Republican parly of the United States.
U Conservatives in Canada tell you that if the tariff is lowered, in will come to llritish Columbia the lumber, fish,
hay, coal, fruit and other food products from the State of
Washington; that the market will be glutted and that we
will all be ruined.
fl If it were not for the United States market afforded for
British Columbia products at the present time, business
would be much worse in British Columbia.
^f The unfortunate thing is that the people of British Columbia are refused the privilege to buy their food in the
cheaper market across the border.
r '!^'. '\: : '���';'-,     ���:   ��� i' ^''y',^ ':.��������� :���;���:..
The Cry for Food
T7ANCOUVER people these days are at the mercy of the
people who control thc food.   We grow very little of
our own food in British Columbia.
1f One man on Water Street is said to have 200,000 pounds
of butter hoarded up to put on the market some time latei'
.when the people are starving for butler.
fl Eggs at seventy-five cents a dozen makes one think of
Klondyke times.
If If that C. P. R. strike had ever been called, it would have
gone hard with Vancouver. We would have starved here
in a week or so.
fl We are cut off from trading with the United Slates; the
boats from New Zealand and Australia could not be depended Upon to keep us supplied from the South Pacific.
If We must look to our own agricultural resources. The
Brewster government is pledged to a land policy which is
calculated to develop food production in British Columbia.
Let no obstacle be placed in the way of the new government
proceeding to business. Let the land question be the first
to be tackled.
I    |l Jn "'
Saturday Closing Law Must Be Repealed
���pflYK MONTHS under the Saturday Closing Law has
proved to the satisfaction of lhe people of Vancouver
that this legislation is nol in thc best interests of the city.
If That merchants are finding that trade goes by the city,
and that householders are put to inconvenience owing to
the cutting off of the Saturday afternoon. Commerce is
hindered, money is lost. No one benefits but the clerks,
who would find any other half day in the week quite as
satisfactory for holiday purposes as Saturday afternoon.
fl Tliere is one feature as important as any other. It is
that the Saturday afternoon holiday offers a period in
which the man with money in his pockets is prohibited
from buying over any counter in the city, save that of the
bar-room or cigar stand.
^ The law applied to British Columbia is a senseless and
a clumsy impediment to trade. It was a vote-catcher put
on the statute books by weaklings to encourage slackness.
fl All retail tradesmen interested in the welfare of Vancouver will join in petitioning the new government to take
the shackles off Vancouver and allow her the privileges
enjoyed by every other big city in Canada and Great Britain, that of doing business all day, six days a week, save on
the recognized holidays and those hours when employers
and employees decide between themselves that any certain
shop shall close for an afternoon.
This Man Scott is Lit\e a Flea
f")0\Y YOU have him and now you afnt.
That's the way with John T. Scott, the "young election worker." Scott seems to bite one party or another
every time he lights on them. He bites, causes a little pain,
and away he goes.
fl King George puts his finger on him and thinks that he's
got him firmly. Look under the finger and Scott is away.
Uncle Sam grabs him and again Scott gets awa}*.
If In the last bye election it was our chance to meet Mr.
Scott. He was a mere beardless boy. He always carried
in hi.s mouth a tremendous cigar which, it seemed, threatened to topple him over.
If Scott is a bow-legged, undersized, swaggering fellow.
He would weigh perhaps 125 pounds, stands about five feet
three, wears loud sox and a fancy tie. He wears also a
sporty hat and is of the college boy type, sqme-kid-believe-
muh type.
|f I remember speaking lo Scott one day when M. A. Macdonald came along. Macdonald is a great, towering, Lord-
o'-the-hielans sort of a man. I was afraid that he would
step on Scott and leave nothing of the boy but a grease spot.
jf Whatever these investigations bring out, one may rest
assured that if other Liberals were fooled by tbe boy Scott,
that Macdonald had little to do with the lad.
f No man of Macdonald's intelligence would, put any.confidence in such a rakish character as Scott.
fl In Alberta the youth had had some little experience in
politics, being employed there by the enemies of Hon.
Charles Cross to knife the popular Liberal leader.
If Scott didn't last long in Alberta and left for Vancouver.
He arrived here broke and applied for work at the Vancouver SUN'office. He was put in the circulation department
at a small salary. From there he was appointed to thc clerical position at Liberal headquarters.
fl That certain parties tried to reach the Liberals through
Scott there is little doubt. Let the law take its course.
May the guilty be given full measure of punishment.
*    :" itisiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiaiifiiiisi hwipiw :' -fi ""
Food from the North���From the Pacific and
Great Eastern Country
*f~)NE OF the most cheerful items to appear in the local
press during the past few days is one telling of the
shipment from somewhere north of Clinton to Vancouver,
over the Pacific and Great Eastern Railway, of several
carloads of farm produce.
fl The late government hopelessly bungled in the original
deals made with the Pacific and Great Eastern. Apart
from this phase of tbe question, the line is bound to be tbe
food route of British Columbia.
fl We understand that settlers are being brought into the
Pacific and Great Eastern country by the railway, and that
three hundred practical farmers have taken up land in the
agricultural belt near Clinton within the past few months.
fl Let the country along the line of the P. G. E. fill up vvith
farmers, let a wise government inaugurate a workable policy of assistance to agriculture, place the freight rates on
the P. G. E. under proper control, and you will have a combination which will knock the high cost of living in Vancouver into a cocked hat.
'���    ' ,,;   I'! IflillH^
A Word to Mayor MacBeath
Y75l',T THE purity squad not rest upon their oars.    Let
them get busy and root up some of the real evils which
flourish in our midst.
fl They sell whiskey in certain houses on Granville Street
without a license, after hours and during hours.
fl The lost sisterhood occupies room- in many of the buildings in the central portion of thc cily.
fl Many of our apartment blocks have among their tenants
unfortunate girls who publicly seek a shameful livelihood.
fl The police meantime muddle along, grab an odd Chinaman and an odd drunk, make an occasional raid and draw
down large salaries. The head of the department is a competent and honorable man, we believe, and so is bis assistant. But it would seem that under these two gentlemen
are many men who are negligent and lazy and dishonest in
the performance of their duties.
fl If reform is going to be the watchword in the coming
civic contest, let His Worship the Mayor disarm his opponents by proceeding to clean up Vancouver and purify
the present police system.
HI!
fl SO BLUCHER-BOWSER is going to resign after all!
My gracious, what condescension! The proposal reminds
us that when the great Blucher, thinking he was an indispensable, threatened Frederick the Great that he would
resign. He expected a complaisant request not to do so,
but Frederick, his master, replied: "General Blucher can
go to the devil." Why. then, this palaver of Blucher-
Bowser resigning when his master, the people, have al
ready said: "Go to the devil."
Mr. A. G. Harvey for Civic Honors
T'T IS now announced that Mr. A. G. Harvey, ex-reeve
,of Point Grey, is about to throw his hat in the ring in
the city elections.    Mr. Harvey's name is being linked up
with Ward Five.
fl Mr. Harvey is one of the younger men. and his appearance in Vancouver politics will be welcomed. He has had a
splendid training in the municipality of Point Grey, and is
thoroughly experienced and widely known.
fl Municipal government with Mr. Harvey is a specialty.
He. has studied the subject closely and at first band. He is
a prominent member of the bar and has travelled widely,
and in the* reconstruction period which we have now entered upon, few better men in the city of Vancouver than
Mr. Harvev could be selected for aldermanic service.
CHINOO<
BREEZES    OF   INDIGNATION
AND   INFORMATION
��� PRESIDENT WILSON HAS SAID that the U. S. will
have to get into "the next world war." I-n't that what the
Pacifist party are struggling for even now���the ideals of
the next world?
��  THE MIDDLEMEN AND PROFITEERS who inf u
the prices of necessan  food stuffs by their damnable cold
storage schemes, ought themselves to be put into cold storage and the meal suppl) released.    Every quack ought to
be made to test his own medicine.
*    .    *    *    *   *    *    *    .     .
fl THERE HAS BEEN a great clamor -ver Canada mr
protecting the returned soldiers, bul it really looks that
after the war and the soldiers' return it will be the "slackers" who will need protection���police protection.
fl SOME ONE HAS asked if the American eagle is really
after all, a mere vampire, which has been for some time
manifesting undoubted signs of degeneracy of the heart.
Readers can answer sub rosa.
-tc       __c       ���"-       *       *       _|eA   ..#       *       *       *
fl STEVENS AND HIS BACKERS remind one of a
bunch of school boys yelling and patting one another alternately. "What are you yelling about?" they were asked.
"Oh, nothing, nothing, just yelling." And so the Board of
Trade and other sentiment reflectors of Jingoism are yelling Stevens, Stevens���for what? Oh, nothing, nothing,
that's all.
*        if        *        * . *        *        *        *        *
fl CANADA'S LAST HUNDRED THOUSAND! Now
that is the predominant heart throb of Canada today. What
Canadian poet laureate will write the thrilling.lay���Canada's last 100,000?    ���....' ,
��� ������:
_____________ ��� '" '���"
TWO
THE
a���
STANDARD
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 11. 1916
���EOrrORIAL OPINIONS:
BOWSER'S   ADIEU
THE NEWS-ADVERTISER of Sunday last was redolent with the fumes of pretence and imposture,
first, in the "statement" of Mr. Bowser that he would
placidly submit to the people's decree of expulsion from
power, and second, in the two "interviews" attributed to
Mr. Stevens in regard to his labors at Ottawa in the interest of the port and of shipbuilding facilities.
Champion jugglers with the people's credulity are these
two masqueraders.
Mr. Bowser's statement is not his "valedictory." So
says the NEWS-ADVERTISER, and it is too much his
intimate servitor to be mistaken. A formal "valedictory"
is yet to be pronounced by the great man as a consolation
to lhe heart-broken people who have, bc thinks, misguid-
edly refused longer to trust him. A pitiful spectacle it is
surely���this fawning; this licking of tbe hand that dealt
the avenging blow of a long deceived and long aggrieved
people. But is any one deceived by the penitential acquiescence of Mr. Bowser? Insincerity breathes through
every sentence of his "statement." So much is this the
case that wc may properly designate it his "mala-dictory;"
while we wait for the formal "valedictory" to see if we can
discern any essential element of truth or candor in it.
This "mala-dictory" is void of both, and it docs not express one genuine sentiment or feeling of Mr. Bowser.
Moreover, it is deliberately false, or else it betrays a cttlp-
abl ignorance of both constitutional usage and constitutional law. But it is not any more, or any less, false or
ignorant than his enactments and pronouncements regarding the Dominion Trust fraud and other fateful blttn-
derings with law and public rights.
Mr. Bowser asserts that "my government could carry
on until the newly-elected representatives of the people
met in legislative assembly." But he disclaims any intention of doing this, and pretends he is facilitating the
operation of the people's verdict by a premature retire
ment from office. "Timeo danaos et dona fcrentes." Yes,
Mr. Bowser, we -all fear thc Greek whose synonym is perfidy; for the gift that he bears invariably conceals a dagger!
The gift of appeasement in Mr. Bowser's case is appropriately enough a mere pretence, for as the STANDARD
has already pointed out, the legislature is dead since the
1st of June; and more than likely it is dead since the 14th
of March last. This Province is now under Crown Colony
control and jurisdiction, and neither Mr. Bowser nor any
of his colleagues holds his position as a representative
of the people. All of them are in a relationship to the
Lieutenant-Governor totally different to what they were
when thc Legislature was in existence. They are servants
of the Lieutenant-Governor not of the people.
Mr. Bowser produced this anomalous crux by violating
the "constitutional practice" to which he refers in his
statement. Instead of dissolving and appealing to the
country on McBride's retirement, he dawdled and prevaricated abqut the summoning of the recent session, and then
on the pretext of urgent legislation he spun the sitting
out to the last possible moment. It expired by efflux of
time, and there is no continuity between the last legislature and the one now elected, such as would have existed
by "constitutional practice," if Mr. Bowser had held the
general election within the prescribed period of the late
legislature, that is before the 14th of March or before
the 1st of June. J.or is there any analogy between the
conditions now confronting us here and the instances
quoted by the SUN and other papers of "retirements" by
premiers in the United Kingdom, where the parliament is
continuous, not only from session to session, but from year
to year.
Mr. Bowser, when Sir Richard McBride's sworn declaration of the soldiers' oversea vote arrives, has no further
excuse for evading or postponing thc people's mandate
that the affairs of thc Province must pass into other hands.
He has no alternative but to submit, nor has the Lieutenant-Governor any option but to call upon Mr. Brewster
to form a new government. This will restore our constitutional status, and the formality of Mr. Bowser, s advice is not even required.
Why, then, does Mr. Bowser pretend to make a virtue
of an absolute necessity?
Today, as already stated, we, are only a Crown Colony,
without any representative government, and the continuance of this, as Mr. Bowser intimates, he could do if he
wanted to be perverse, would involve such a violation of
our constitution as would speedily arouse the people's
wrath and bring the prompt intervention of thc Imperial
authorities as well as of the Governor-General and the
Dominion.
No, Mr. Bowser, we refuse to bc placated by such pestilent pretence of genial acquiescence in the people's peremptory mandate. Antl when you indite your "valedictory," for any sake break the long role of hypocrisy, speak
the truth and candidly say what you should say and nut
what you think will be swallowed by a gullible public.
STEVENS'   HARBOR   PRETENCES
THE two interviews of Mr. Stevens constituted thc
second sniff of rancid odor in the NEWS-ADVERTISER of Sunday last. What an ungrateful people
we truly are, when we do not recognize thc deep devotion
of Mr. Stevens! Wc do not even seem to realize the sacrifice he makes when he turns his mind from the all-engrossing affairs of the Empire's war, to the pettifoggeries
of such paltry tilings as the new industry of shipbuilding,
the harbor reclamation, the port's development, etc. What
a descent it must be for this Imperial soul to walk the
sordid arena of "industrial development." Wc all know-
how even when the vilest charges of manipulation were
flying around, Mr. Stevens turned to them a deaf car and
positively refused to be distracted from the concentration
of his mind upon the war. He may, no doubt, have been
relieved of some of the war-strain by thc super-imposed
mastery of Sir Sam Hughes. But however it has come
about, we have indeed the city's I-'ederal member actually
'talking shop' about tariff rebates, the port and thc harbor.
Surely, surely we should recognize thc valiant bending of
such a mighty and magnanimous man! And the best way
to requite him might be to admit that he had achieved ev
erything the NEWS-ADVERTISER claims for him. But
then, if we did that, we would be obliged to doubt the
truth of his asservation that nothing but the Empire had,
or could have, his attention till thc war had concluded.
He seems to have moved, if not Heaven and earth, in the
matters now attributed to him, at all events to have roused
into activity the sluggards of stagnant Bordendom at Ottawa as well as to have awakened thc somnolent commissioners of the Harbor Board in Vancouver.
This is work that requires effort, and if Mr. Stevens did
it and asks credit for it, then he must admit that after all
he was not sincere when he avowed his undivided concentration of mind and body upon the war issues, and subordinated to them or absolutely postponed all other questions, even questions of personal rectitude aud honor in
local affairs. However this is a little crux that Mr. Stevens can solve for the public.
We have no doubt that Mr. Stevens and his sponsors
grossly exaggerated his services at Ottawa in regard to
the removal of difficulties in the shipbuilding contracts;
and we have still less doubt that the pretences of absorb-
tion in Empire concerns were in the past thc Pharisaical
cloak by which Mr. Stevens strove to screen himself and
his abominable schemes and machinations from public
scrutiny and exposure.
He is now admittedly outside the sacred orbit of Empire
patriotism���outside the arena which Burke bas said is the
last refuge of political knavery���and as the eulogy of the
Board of. Trade, a faithful Tory strongholdi and of thc
NEWS-ADVERTISER, a servile tool of "organized hypocrisy, is designed to beneficially affect Mr. Stevens'
chances of election when the public are afforded an opportunity of expressing an opinion on his work, and on the
value of the services he has rendered to Vancouver, the,
STANDARD will have no hesitation or scruple in laying
Mr. Stevens' record, both of deeds and misdeeds, before
the public. By his own self-assertion, he is debarred from
every pretext for longer evading tlie issues which are
vital to the people of Vancouver and this Province.
ORDER NOW Your
PRIVATE GREETING CARDS
G. S. FORSYTH & CO.
Cor. Homer tad Hatting! Street*
BREWSTER'S   LEADERSHIP
THE leadership of Mr. Brewster in thenext legislature
is now beyond cavil or doubt, teven by the chagrined
Tory organs who insinuated that he had already lost
the confidence of his elected colleagues. Mr. Brewster
has been, duringjhe past week or two, very much with
and among the people, in various places and in various
capacities, and the gratifying thing about this personal
touch and contact of leader with people, is that the ring of
sincerity, of genuine manhood, swells out of and rises
from, every utterance of Mr. Brewster. He has no pretensions to the duplexities of character which enable a
man to be different on the platform from what he is in his
heart, from what he is in act and in deed when once the
power to which he is eletccd is formally conferred upon
him. Mr. Brewster, the chosen leader, is in no way dit-
fercnt from the Mr. Brewster who sought the people's
support in overturning and expelling the most contemptible clique-government that has ever dominated this Province. And Mr. Brewster is the chosen Premier so far as
the electorate and his new.colleagues can do this; but till
he receives the "call" from the representative of the sovereign, he cannot assume the supreme office. That cannot
now be much deferred, or if any attempt is made to defer
it, the mandate, which cannot be evaded, will come to the
Lieutenant-Governor in a voice of angry thunder, "vox
populi suprema lex." The people's voice is law supreme,
and it has not quailed at exerting its highest prerogative
in removing even the head of a recalcitrant king when
he strove to pervert the constitution to personal or factious ends.
BORDEN'S   APPEAL
IT is a reflection on the Canadian people and on the
methods  of conducting the public affairs  which  they
tolerate, that the incidents preliminary to and connected
with the Premier's appeal for further enlistment should
be twisted and perverted to party purposes. Sir Wilfrid
Laurier withdrew from co-operation, not because he was
unsympatheticwith the appeal, but because the domination
of partyism in working it out, even the details of its officers and staff, had become so rampant as to be positively
obnoxious and intolerable.
No man with any sense of honor could stand by and see
patriotism thus perverted, and if Sir Wilfrid Laurier had
co-operated in such an imposition on the public mind, as
the Borden leaders contemplated, he would have not only
stultified himself but would have deserved the people's
condemnation.
Borden's appeal is the most disappointing document we
have ever read. An auctioneer's advertisement might glow
with phrases as fine and with sentiments as high. Craven-
heartedness and pusillanimity are manifest in every sentence of it, and it conspicuously halts at the very thing for
which, forsooth, Sir Wilfrid was to be used���a special
and specific appeal to the French-Canadian people. Now
why did Sir Robert Borden stop there? Does he not
know the fact that it is the Nationalists of Quebec who
are in default? And who could more effectually placate
these recalcitrants and slackers than the man���the Tory
leader���who has pandered to their whims, yielded to their
demands, and taken into liis cabinet and into controlling
offices in his administration, their chief exponents of the
damnable doctrine of Canada's non-participation in Empire wars unless when those wars touched their own
shores or thc liberties of their own Province?
Has Sir Robert Borden sold himself into slavery to these
minions of narrow-minded selfishness���pro-Provincialism
and anti-nationalism? Thc adoption of the name "Nationalists" does not alter the fact that they are purely
Provincial Quchccitcs. But, be this as it may, why does
Sir Robert Borden hesitate to appeal to. these men? He
docs not fear them as a revolutionary force, for if they
rose they would lie crushed' by the rest of Canada before
they had time even to don their shirts or the equipments
for a fight. He fears them as a political body of masterful, outspoken maniacs, who might divert from him by
opposition a certain proportion of votes at the approaching election. Is it the spirit of the hero that quails before
these men. or is it the spirit of a weakling that hesitates
to tell them they are defaulters in a, cause close and near
to their country's life, and unless they promptly enroll in
Canada's volunteers to a number proportionate to tbe contributions of the other Provinces, conscription will be
applied to them in the most rigid and drastic form? Tell
them that, and tell them, too, that no such conscription,
nor any compulsion, will be applied to the other Provinces
until Quebec's quota has been fully contributed!
Sir Wilfrid Laurier upon many occasions since the war
began, within and without the walls of parliament, has uttered his Demosthenic appeals to his co-patriots and
countrymen to stand out valiantly and enroll generously
in the Canadian contingents which were going forward to
aid the allies in vanquishing militarism and Germanic
dominance.    He has told the French-Canadians that the
fight is largely a fight for tlieir own motherland, for tlieir
blood and their race; and he has laid the obligation on
them of playing the part of men or of descending to thc
stagnant rut of perfidy and cowardice, t'p'-raidnicnt rang
in his note to the craven; eulogy and applause to the loyal
man and true. He, at all events, did not seem to fear the
effects of a political alienation of Nationalist Quebec.
But neither Sir Robert Borden nor any of his cabinet
ever made such an appeal as Sir Wilfrid has uttered time
and again. Wc again exhort as we have already exhorted
them to do ^o.
Go now, Sir Robert Borden; go now, Sir George I-'nster,
down into the heart of Nationalist Quebec and tell tliem
face to face the mandate and the message which all the
rest of Canada utters in tunes that nu longer brook defiance���that unless duty is done, duty will he exacted by
compulsion. And when you have none this, then challenge
Sir Wilfrid to do likewise, and if he fails ti�� respond, then
a doubt may arise in our mind concerning his sincerity and
loyalty.
Till then, however, wc accord him the palm of candor
for clear, outspoken utterances and appeals with which
nothing in tbe Tory records of eloquence can for one
moment compare.
TRIU.\
elect
ELECTION   RESULTS
R1UMPIIANT as were the Liberals at the recent
tion, and having little with which to upbraid the
people's decree, yet as a party assuming the control
of tllis Province, and charged with the obligation of lifting
it from thc quags and morasses of stagnation into which
the former premier and his cohorts of speculators led it,
the new ministry of Mr. Brewster will have to deplore the
absence of one whose ability and tried rectitude of purpose would have been of inestimable worth in the formidable task. We mean Mr. Patrick Donnelly. In the reconstructive work of the new government, in adjusting
its confused and confusing financial entanglements, and
in formulating schemes of development commensurate
with the Province's resources, we know of no man among
the Liberal Tanks who might have more efficiently served
the public cause. We candidly admit we had reckoned on
Mr. Donnelly's return and on his holding a position in thc
government commensurate with bis ability. But while
the civilian vote gave him a majority of 215 over Mr. Bow
scr, the soldiers' vote not only displaced that, but gave Mr.
Bowser a final majority over Mr. Donnelly of 416.
Mr. Donnelly, however, has the consolation of knowing
that the vote cast for him in Vancouver was strongly im
pregnated with the business, commercial and financial
elements, among whom his activities have been exerted
for some years, aud by whom his character and ability
are highly esteemed. He did not, perhaps, diligently
enough pursue the path of popularity. He rather shunned
than sought popularity; and he entered the platform only
when compelling forces constrained him to enlighten the
public upon some question of moment. He never got down
to mere platitudes or the utterance of rhetorical declamations, for he is essentially more of a thinker than a
speaker. His most intimate friends he adjured to not
vote for him alone, but for the party as a whole. In this,
perhaps, he lost.
The great projects of the Province's progress were ecer
before him, and we feel sure that though not for the present a member of the legislature, the new government
can reckon on his continued support and on their being
abletto draw upon the resources of his mind in the formulation and achievement of plans of development and expansion.
B. C's   POTENTIAL   INDUSTRIES
IT IS a satisfaction and a consolation to those who have
long been conscious of the potentials of this Province
for productive industries, to observe that now, at least,
there is an awakening of the elements of stagnation.
There are even now activities among the men who, since
the death of the "boom," have done nothing but try to
resurrect it or to create another of the same species.
They have become convinced that they cannot succeed,
and that they must tread another path. The reactionary
period of stagnation which supervened upon the frenzied
years of intense speculation in real estate and of reckless
investments which for many years must be unproductive,
has now been passed, and the Province, contemporaneously with a new government, enters upon the era which will
be enduring, and ever augmenting���the era of productive
industries.
Let the new government embrace the opportunity and
link themselves and their policy as closely with industrial
development as the McBride-Bowser government allied
themselves with the booster, the boomer and the speculator. Mr. Bowser, in the course of a famous speech in the
Orpheum Theatre, over a year ago, took credit for the
calamitous fact that the government had been the chief
real estate manipulator, the leader in the epidemic of inflated prices, and he pointed with pride to the vast revenues that had been received at Victoria from timber and
other land, as well as for townsite areas lying along the
routes of the railways which were projected by contract
gamblers, and constructed with public money. The railway magnates, in truth, got the money wrung oj.it of the
speculator. A shuttle-cock game to be sure. But the
Province was despoiled, and the people were trammelled
in their natural trend to industrial development. For
along these railways and for many miles inland, the lands
are held in the ruthless chitch of the speculator, and
though they have not been paid for, beyond the initial instalment, they are in no way available for settlement or
use except at astounding and prohibitive prices. These
lands have, on the basis of contract, reverted to the
crown, and the new government should see without a
moment's delay that they are formally resumed ;and turned, according to their potentials, into centres of industry
���farming or manufacturing. The dead hand of graft
should paralyse them no more.
Water powers are abundant along and through these
mortmain lands, and they are there for utilization, not for
ornamental display to induce the unwary investor to pay
a fabulous price. Village communities in an infinite number of locations would spring up in the resumed areas now
held by speculators, and these communities would quickly
establish industries of their own. The villages would become towns, the towns would become cities, and the hum
of industry would pervade the Province.   This is no vision.
The well-developed'cities both of the mainland and Vancouver Island will have their giant works.of production,
but they can not, and must not overshadow the smaller
ones far into the interior.
It is authoritatively stated that iron and steel works are
about to be established in Greater Vancouver���some in
North, some in South and some in Vancouver proper.
These are the necessary accompaniments and accessories
of the building of steel ships, and our profusion of re-
Sources, with the indispensable facilities, has -often been
pointed out by the STANDARD. Iron and coal lying together and daily upbraiding indolent man for leaving them
stagnant while the adjoining States are quivering with
thrilling activity in producing all kinds of metal commodities not only for home consumption, but for overland
transport here and throughout Canada, as well as for export to foreign countries.
On Sunday last a sight was to be seen along tin. waterfront to the west of lhe terminus, which should have made
Vancouver weep with shame. Long lines of freight cars
were lying there loaded up with iron and steel and other
metal wares destined for Vladivostok. They all, of course,
came from the l'nited States, aud they were brought here
not by accident, but designedly so that they would bc
shipped at this British port, and the bill of lading would
lead the importer in Russia to the belief that every article
was of  British  Empire origin.
Here is an instance that is typical, and it helps to account fur the massive figures which now and again are
submitted to the public as indicative of thc port's shipping trade. Wc hardly feel the effect of such shipment..
We see them���sunie of us du at all events���with shame.
But when, oh when, will the men who prattle about our
natural resources start an industry or two to use them
iqi and tu convert our harbor from being the dupe of
American manipulation into a harbor for genuine home-
en r idling exportation?
On this consummation we have set our heart, and ...
shall urge it un the government) urge it on the people,
and convince the men of genuine enterprise that they have
here at their hands all the material for industrial concerns
which can compare with the largest in the Eastern States.
And the Eastern States could nut compete with this Province in the Russian or Oriental markets in iron, metal
or steel products, for here wc would have no railway
freight rates to add unto our cost such as cumber and inflate the manufacturers of Ohio and other iron and steel
centres.
We begin shipbuilding by rebating 99 per cent, of the-
-tariff on imported material, made up and manufactured
ready fur the driving in of the bolt and the screw. We
concede that the hurried nature uf the first enterprise demands that we should bow to the inevitable, and adopt this
course. But let us sleep no longer with our opportunities.
Japan, no less than Russia, is begging for our trade, and
British Columbia seems to be dragged into the commercial
and manufacturing arena by the resistless forces of the
foreigners' demand.
The war may have its compensations for even patriotic
Vancouver if we would awake to sec that while the men at
the front are saving the Empire from falling into the veracious jaws of the Hun, tbe vandals of alert and astute
Yankeeland do not despoil us of our rightful heritage as
producers for the world, and especially the allied ami
friendly-neutral nations, of the commodities which they
require and which arc indispensable to their progress���
a progress which is now immense, even with the din of the
battle raging, but a progress which will become prodigious as soon as the war has ceased.
Prepare, then, prepare, institute, inaugurate, and set in
motion the wheels of prosperity, and let the blast furnace,
the roller mill, and thc Bessemer steel plant first sound
the signal of our new life and activity.
AGRICULTURAL   COMMUNITY
SETTLEMENTS
IN connection with our advocacy of industrial development, we are glad to avail ourselves of the opportune
suggestions of Mr. J. W. Weart, in an address by him
before the Progressive Liberal Club on Monday last.
Mr. Weart formulated some comprehensive proposals,
for the settlement of our agricultural lands, and if he has
not completely solved all the problems of a widely extended farming industry, he has given us basic ideas on
which a splendid superstructure may be built.
One leading idea of Mr. Weart's proposal is community
settlements. These strongly resemble the village communities with which many people are* familiar in records
of Anglo-Saxon development, but there is a fresh element
interwoven by Mr. Weart into the old system���the cooperative basis of the community. This certainly is
healthful and stimulating, and we see no reason why the
plan should not be adopted.
Mr. Weart suggests blocks of lands of a jninimum area
of 10,000 acres. These he would divide into lots of 50
acres each, and the government should make all roads,
and clear at least 10 acres ready for the plough. The
government should also expend approximately $1000 in
farm buildings and in providing implements and cattle,
and other monies in thc general interest, such as a pony
sawmill, a creamery, and a co-operative store. The total
cost, Jhus equipped, to each holder of 50 acres, would
be $2,500, the repayment of which to the government
would be spread over thirty-six years.
This is not only ideal, but Mr. Weart proves that it
would bc a good investment for both the government and
the settler. The profits from thc co-operative creamery
would alone provide a sinking fund adequate lo liquidate
thc entire indebtedness to thc government, and the creamery itself would be kept in full efficiency by three cows
from each fifty-acre farm. All the other profits the farmer would have for his industry. "��
These communities, Mr. Weart says, "would mean close
settlement, social privileges, and "educational advantages."
Wc congratulate Mr. Weart on his address, and sincerely
commend it as a clear and forceful exposition of a subject
long neglected, but one which now confronts the new
government and demands from it a generous solution.
JUNK  ACCUMULATIONS
WHAT do these huge accumulations of junk, consisting of metals of all kinds, from iron and steel, to-
copper and zinc, and even to platinum and tin,
forfend or indicate? They are scattered all over the city
in the most incomprehensible locations, and they are so
formidable, even along Pender and Main Streets, that one
would think they were the remnants of a city devastated
by an earthquake or some other convulsion. It seems,
however, that they are the industrious aggregations of a
monopolizing campaign which has been in operation here,
and very likely in other cities and centres of thc Province by junk men of a certain class. The anti-British
junk man, therefore, serves his patriotic instinct by accumulating all kinds of metal material which might be of
use in the manufacture of any of the munitions of war,
and the accumulations in Vancouver he will not dispose
of, even when a more than reasonable price is offered for;
them. Why is this? Are these men paid by Germany
to thus hoard and monopolize munitions material?
If there is a combine or confederacy for carrying
on this work, which is detrimental to trade and antagonistic to the "country at large, certainly there are laws which
(Continued on page 7) . SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 11,  1916
THE  STANDARD
TIMEE
Miss Mary Ferrier. of Kelowna,
���was among the passengers who sailed
on thc Empress of Asia for the Orient. She will spend several months
visiting India.
* * *
Mrs. Barnet has returned to her
home at'Renfrew after spending the
summer at Vancouver. Mrs. Barnet
spent several weeks visiting friends
at Winnipeg on her way east.
+ * *
Mrs. Alvin L. Sturton, of this city,
(formerly Miss Mae Robertson), will
spend a few weeks in Winnipeg with
her sister, Mrs. H. Sullivan, en route
to Buffalo to join her husband.
...
Mrs. Ernest H. Fallen, with her
little son, Dick, has left' for Glasgow.
Montana, to attend the wedding of
her sister. Miss Rose Lczie. They
ivill visit friends fpr a couple of
months before returning to Vancouver.
tt t tt
Mrs. McQueen Baldwin of Toronto,
-and Miss Baldwin, who have been
^pending the summer in thc east,
sailed from here on the Empress of
Asia for Japan, where Mr. Baldwin
is engaged in mission work.
ft * *
Mr. and Mrs. Warren Nelson High,
whose marriage took place in Victoria last week have been spending their
lioneymoon here. The bride was Miss
Beatrice Isabel Clark, of Nanaimo.
.  *  .
Miss Annie Besant, president of the
Thcosophical Society of London, and
one of the leaders of the movement
for home rule in India, has been prohibited   from   entering    the   Bombay
residency.
ft * *
Miss Florence Whittaker, of Chicago, a former chorus girl who is
now a social missionary in that city,
lias made it her ambition to establish
homes for chorus girls in cvery large
city where    musical    comedy shows
have much of a run.
tt * *
A rummage sale will bc held iro-the
store at the corner of Kingsway and
Knight street, under the auspices of
thc South Vancouver Red Cross auxiliary on November 18, the proceeds
to be devoted to the material fund.
* * tf
Mrs. Emmaliuc Moore and Miss
Daisy Moore, members of No. 1 company of the Women's Volunteer Reserve, have left for England to take
up active service. Another member,
Miss Mary Rutherford, left for England a week ago to engage in war
work.
* * *
Mrs. Nesbitt with her two children,
arrived in the city on Saturday from
Okanagan valley on a visit to her
parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Whitehead.
* # *
Colonel and Mrs. Leach have returned to the city from Sidney and
have taken the Springer residence at
the corner of Robson and Gilford
streets.
* * *
Mrs. C. A. Chester has gone up to
Rossland and expects to spend the
winter there as the guest of her
daughter and son-in-law, Mr. and
Mrs. I. J. Lothrop.
* * *
Miss Florence McConnell who left
some time ago for the Old Country,
as at present visiting relatives in
Scotland.
* * *
Mr.   W.   Bayne   of   the     Canadian
Bank of Commerce staff, has returned to the city after spending a holiday at Cowichan Bay.
* * *
Having returned from Sidney, Colonel and Mrs. Leach have taken up
residence in the Springer house, at
the corner of Robson and Gilford
streets.
* * .
Intending to spend several months
visiting in India, Miss Mary Ferrier,
of Kelowna, sailed on the Empress of
Asia.
tt tt tt
After a honeymoon  spent  in  New
York, Mr. and Mrs. John Rums, Jr.,
are once more in the city.
tt * *
"Registered at Seattle hotels last
week-end were: Mr. and Mrs. J. C.
Berust, Mr. and Mrs. John Payne,
Mr. and Mrs. E. D. Cross and Mr.
Dominick  Burns, of Vancouver.
* * *
It is reported that Miss Helen Keller, the wonderfully clever deaf, blind
and dumb girl, has had to cancel lecture engagements in Seattle, owing to
an injury to her spine.
* . *
Mr, and Mrs. Hugh Pringle leave
Winnipeg this week to take up residence in Vancouver. They bring with
them greetings from the Winnipeg
Press Club, of which Mrs. Pringle
was a member, to the Vancouver
Press Club.
* * *
It is of interest to women to learn
that Miss Bessie McKenna, of Toronto, has been appointed by the minister of labor to exercise general supervision over women workers, and to
deal with questions of wages, hours,
etc.
...
Mr. J. D. A. Tripp, of Vancouver,
delighted the Seattle Press Club with
his finished and masterly numbers at
their musical meeting on October 27.
* * .
It is expected that over 300 girls
wjll be employed in the' new munitions factory to be opened at St. Catherines on December  1.
Great Sale of Laces
Continues
���THE BEST LACE news this store has ever had to tell is offered for your reading today. It speaks of thousands and thousands of yards, covering the rarest as
well as the less inexpensive laces���forming the largest and most complete assortment we've ever shown at saving prices. The present scarcity of laces and the
attendant high prices were anticipated in our immense early purchases. As a consequence each of the following lines is priced lower than the same qualities will
sell for when other stocks arrive. See the big counter displays. They show smart
cluny laces, Valenciennes, net top laces, guipure edgings, Oriental laces, metallic
laces, black laces, allover laces, etc.
8 BIG SPECIALS IN VALENCIENNES LACI_.S
They are especially suitable fur trimming a hundred and one Christmas knick knacks that are
being made in Vancouver homes today. Prices
ISc, 20c, 25c, 35c, 50c, 60c, 70c and $1.00 for 12
yards.
VALENCIENNES LACES
In wider widths, suitable for trimming boudoir caps
and tea aprons, at, per yard, 5c to 12%
NET TOP LACES
In narrow and wide widths and fine and heavier
designs. Regular 20c to $1.75 values. Special
10c to $1.25
GUIPURE EDGINGS
Special purchase, in white and-ecru shades, and
with Vandyke and fancy edges. Prices, per
yard ...'  I2ya to 25c
ORIENTAL LACES
In ecru and white; suitable for waist trimming, lingerie, etc. Very attractive values. Regular 45c
a yard.   Sale price, yard i_c
CLUNY LACES AT CLEARING PRICES
Including Edgings, Beadings, Trimmed   Laces,   Insertions, etc.   An immense variety to choose from.
Regular 10c to 85c values.    Sale prices 5c to 50c
BLACK LACES
Including Sequin Allover; regular $1.85 for  ,..$1.25
Flouncing; regular $5.75 for   $3.98
Double  Width  Sequin   Allover;  reg.  $3.75  for $2.50
Sequin  Flouncing; reg. $17.50 for   $10.00
Silk Shadow;  reg. $3.25  for   $1.98
Silk Shadow; reg. $1.65 fur  ... ��� ��� $1.25
Bandings; reg. $1.75 for  $1.25
Black Motifs by the yard; reg. $1.25 for  98c
Black- Motifs; reg. 75c for 50c
Guipure;  reg. $1.50  for  ��� ��� 98c
Valenciennes aud Novelty Laces, to clear; reg. 10c
for 5c; regular 50c for   25c
ALLOVER LACES
Suitable for camcsolcs boudoir caps, etc., in floral
designs.   Regular 50c yard for 25c
HANDKERCHIEF LACES
In fine .real Valenciennes and Armenian, J_ and 1
inch wide. Regular 40c to $1.00 per yard. Special  ������ 25c to 75c
METALLIC LACES
All the Vogue Just Now for Trimming Dresses and
Gowns
A big collection to choose from, at these prices:
Silver Flouncing;  regular $6.50 for' $5.00
Silver Flouncing;  regular $3.95 for   $2.95
Silver Laces; regular 75c for 50c; reg. 98c for 75c
Silver Laces; regular $1.25 for.- ������ 98c
Gilt Laces; regular $1,75 for $J,25
ffiudsonsBayCfompnny
HMOwpomrei >���?���
nuitnt.MiiKt swtsaxmmow
dr
Mr. Allan Mackintosh, after a pleasant holiday in the east, is home
again.
*  * *
Much local satisfaction will be
aroused at the announcement of Mr.
Ed. Benson's appointment to the assistant managership of the Grand,
Regina's must important theatre. In
this new post Mr. Benson fills a role
similar to that he held under Mr.
Rickettfe in Vancouver before his
mure recent managership of the Columbia Theatre.
...
A most enjoyable whist drive and
dance was given by the Yorkshire
Society tu upwards of 250 members
and their friends in the Cotillon Hall,
on  Thursday,  the  2nd.    These  social
ents of the local Vorkshiremen are
becoming very  popular.    For the  recent dance a very fine musical programme was rendered by the Morgan
G
th
an
ild orchestra.   Simultaneously with
ie  dance a  whist  drive was held in
adjoining   room,   which   attracted
130 people, Messrs. F. W. Devine and
Ir. A. Lobley officiating.    A record
:ore   was   made  hy   Mrs.   Pulham,
ho   was  awarded  a  silver    teapot.
Uther prizes were accorded Mrs. Vin-
nt, Mrs. Marshall and Mrs. Bragg,
id Mr. G. Douglas and Mr. G. Sim-
monds.    A fairly large contingent of
"ie newly-arrived 231st Battalion at-
nded the whist drive and also captured the booby prize.   The gathering
broke up at midnight, anxiously look-
' ig  forward  to   Thursday  Nov.  16th,
on which date the Yorkshire Society
re  holding  their' next  social  whist
ive and dance.
* * ��
Mrs. J. R. Reid has returned after
an extended visit with relatives in
Winnipeg and friends in Brandon.
* * *
Mr.  and  Mrs.  J.  A.  Westman,  of
Regina,   are   spending   several   weeks
'siting at the coast.
...
Miss Nellie Manahan has arrived in
the   city  from   Princeton   and   is   attending business college.
.  * *
.Miss Dcwar has returned to Glen-
:oe Lodge after a holiday of a week
ir two on Vancouver Island.
* * *
Mr.  and  Mrs.   Moseley,  of  Hazel-
tqn,  are spending a  vacation visiting
in Vancouver, Seattle and Victoria.
ft tt ft
Mr. and Mrs. William Holden, who
are on their way to New York, spent
a few days in Montreal last week.
.   . *
Mrs.  Burton  Williams has as  her
house guest her sister, Mrs. Hugh H.
McDonald and son, Master Lawrence.
.   . *
Mrs. Porter, who has been the
guest of Mrs. A. E. Tulk, for the last
two weeks, left on Saturday for Victoria.
Miss   Grace   Ozburn.  2816  Victoria
���Drive,   has   returned   home   after   a
three-months' visit in thc East.
...
Captain Dr. McLaren left Vernon
several days ago for Montreal, where
be will join his battalion on its way
overseas.
.   .  *
Canadians from Western Canada,
who have recently registered at Government offices in London, included:
From Edmonton, Major and Mrs. G.
\Y. Marriott. Mrs. G. S. Kirkpatrick,
E. J. Mitchell Islay. Alberta. D. W.
Gilchrist; Calgary, Mrs. C. Lambart,
G. R. Johnson, Capt. II. Sawby, 1.. 11.
Richards; Victoria, I .Hint Shedden,
John \\ ilson, Mrs. R. Young, J. Wilson. Lieut. V. McKenna, Sub-Lieut.
G. D. Vincent; Vancouver, M. C. Lamont. Lieut. L. II. Gam-. Robert J. C.
E. Casement. I". W. Stirling, Mr. and
Mrs. F. Lovick, B. 11 t'rnr.k. Lieut,
W. C. Vibert.
WANTED ��� PUBLIC SCHOOL
graduates or high school students to
take shorthand or business courses
and pay for same from salary earned
alfter graduation. Only a limited
number accepted on this plan. Apply
at once in own handwriting to
Success Business College* Vancouver, B. C.
COR STOVES
*   RANGES, or
FURNACES
Visit the
PACIFIC STOVE &
FURNACE CO.
856 GRANVILLE ST.
(Between Robson and Smythe)
LIMITED
Store opens at 8.30 a.m. and closes at 6 p.m.
Handsome
New Coats
Just In
IF YOU arc looking for a coat with lots of style and one
tliat will serve for street, motor or tourist wear, you
will appreciate the new models just now placed in stock.
These come in rich broadcloths, velours, and Bolivia cloths
in flare style, trimmed with seal or rich plush. Some have
the new adjustable cape collars and all the models are silk
lined. Colors include navy, green, black, Burgundy, African brown, etc.   Sizes 16 to 46, at $35 to $85.
Fine
Muslin
Petticoats
DAINTY garments in a very complete range of styles.
A showing that will readily interest all who appreciate pretty lingerie.
AT $3.50���Three styles, made with shaped top,   deep
ruffle of shadow lace and insertion. Lengths 36 to 42.
AT $4.50���Effective petticoats with deep flounce of
Valenciennes lace and embroidered organdie insertion,
finished with two rows of deep Valenciennes lace. This
petticoat has a fitted top and the dust ruffle is finished
with bow of ribbon. Lengths 36 to 42.
AT $5.00���Very dainty petticoat with deep scalloped
flounce of Valenciennes lace and insertion. The model
has a fitted top and dust ruffle.   Lengths 36 to 42.
575 GRANVILLE
Phone Sey. 3540
Miss Doris McLagan is planning to
leave next Saturday for  England.
* * .
The Vancouver Sketch Club held
a delightful studio tea and exhibition
of sketches on Saturday afternoon at
Miss Wake's studio, 1184 Nelson
street. The exhibition is one of the
series which the Club is holding during the winter months, and which
are attracting a great deal  of atten
tion. There was a fine collection of
sketches, Mr. Norman Hawjdns received tlie highest vote in the professional class for a sketch of a "Shack
in the Park," and Mrs. Chas. Were
the highest among the amateurs with
"A Misty Morning in the Park." The
room was crowded all afternoon, and
a very enjoyable hour was spent over
the tea cups discussing the pictures
and arts in general.
AS INTERESTING WEDDING IN OLD LONDON
The romance nnd henuty of English weddings have not faded with
tho mvukoh of wnr. Thc picture slums Cnptnln Chnrlca Bridge, only Ml
of Brigadier diaries Bridge, commanding the London Diatrlct, and his
pretty bride, Mian G. C Wesley Hall. Captain Bridge lias the D.S.O., also
the MO, together with a moat distinguished war record. Miss Hall Is
spoken of as one of thc most attractive of this year's hrldes.
(Daily Mirror War Service.)
J For PRINTING ��� THE STANDARD ��� Sey. 470 ft HP
FOUR
THE  STANDARD
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1916
Free Trade and Its Advantages
CHAPTER V
THE MORAL ASPECT
By John Robertson, 605 Holden Building, Vancouver, B. C.
(Continued,from last week)
Restriction! concerning trade em-
hitter national feeling. Tariff wills
require force to defend them. Retaliation in trade provokes war. History furnishes us with numerous ex-
aniples. England retaliated with
stricter navigation laws when the
Dutch closed the Sound. This was a
loss to both parties, but when anger
gets the better of a nation as well
as of an individual, it obscures the issue, if you hit a man lie hits back
harder. We did not then apply the
principles of thc sermon on the mount
to international disputes. If England
had done that then and fought tariff
walls and restrict!, lis with free imports, and a repeal of die navigation
laws, she would have increased her
business enormously, and saved the
American war the blackest page in
her history, because fought against
our own kith and kin, and against the
principle that there should bc taxation without representation, whic.i
prohibited the ships ol other nations
from trading w'.ch ��� .ir Colonies. Adam
Smith instances the French tariff of
1667, when Mr. Colbert notwithstand
ing his great abilities, listened to the
sophistry uf merchants and manufacturers, who then, as now, were always
ready In obtain a monopoly off their
own countrymen. On the French refusing to moderate the tariff, the
Dutch retaliated by prohibiting the
importation of French wines and
brandies manufacturcdvin France, and
the war uf 1672 broke out in consequence. At the peace of 1678 the
French moderated their tariff and the
Dutch took off their prohibition.
The bitter feeling created by retaliation causes both nations to keep a
large number of men on a war footing than would be otherwise lie necessary, and to this there is no finality. Parliament too often refers the
question of naval and military defence
to those men placcd high in command,
and who derive their living from the
trade of war, and the consequence is
that the nations are being borne down
by the accumulating burden of armaments. You can never satisfy military experts. Even supposing this
war which is at present raging in
Europe had never happened, and nations had listenede  to  the advice  oi
HOW DO YOU
BUY BREAD?
Do you ask for, and get, just a "loaf of bread," or do
you, like the wise, discriminating buyers, order
SMAX and
SUNLIGHT
"THE   BETTER   BREADS"
These are wholesome, nutritious���made in a modern,
sanitary bakery���in every detail as good bread as
conscientious effort can make them.
Every loaf crisp, tender, delicious���done to a turn.
If your grocer cannot supply you, phone Fairmont
443 and we'll get it to you prompt.
Bakers of Better Bread
Telephone Directory
CLOSES NOVEMBER 15
The January issue of the Mainland Telephone
Directory closes on November 15th.
Any corrections or alterations must be in
our hands by that date to ensure insertion. Have
your telephone put in now, so that your name will
be listed in the forthcoming directory.
If you intend moving during the next two
months, come in and arrange to have your new
address listed.
B.C. TELEPHONE CO. LTD.
naval and military experts and gone
on at the same rate in tlieir mad career of rivalry, nations would in a
few years have been in utter financial
ruin and bankruptcy. The countries
in desperation could stand the strain
no longer and made an appeal to
arms. This war has been waged by
the Allies for the avowed purpose of
freedom and liberty, and great care
will have tu he exercised at the finish to see that thc former conditions
are not reestablished on firmer
ground than ever. W'e shall find the
Army and Navy Gazette and all the
protectionist press, and those wlm are
deriving Business from war contract-,
loud iu their demands fur more security. They will tell us if we had a
larger _rmy there would have been
im war. and that Ccrniany would not
have attacked us. while at the same
time Ccrniany was surprised that we
were going to fight. They thought
that they were going to be allowed to
walk through Belgium in the same
way as they had done in 1870. If ottr
defences were made to satisfy the
demands nf naval and military men.
the country would be staggering under such a burden of taxation that it
would be impossible for the poor to
get a living. So large a number of
men would be called upon to live a
life of idleness in preparation for military events, that women would be
degraded in having to perform all the
pass free without the payment of any
dues. This would greatly facilitate
and encourage tllc commerce of the
world, and lessen all causes of friction  between  nations.
Private ships ought to have the
freedom of the seas to go where they
will without molestation, even in thc
time of war, so long as they conduct
their business peacably, and any nation whn infringes the rule ought to
be reckoned as a barbarian and boycotted   by   the   whole   civilized   world.
Although the economical advantages iif free trade are enormous, bringing wealth-to the country and inno-
lenl and moderate luxury within the
reach uf the working classes, yet notwithstanding all this, it is small compared with the moral advantages in
securing peace 1" the nations.
Mr. Cobden. speaking at Wrexham
in the year 1850, said: "I believe free
trade will have a tendency to unite
mankind in ihe bonds of peace, and
it was that more than any pecuniary
consideration which sustained and actuated me as my friends know, in that
struggle, and it is because I wish to
see free trade in its noblest and must
human aspect have full scope in this
world, that I wish to absolve myself
from all responsibility for the miseries caused by violence and aggression, and too often paraded under the
j plea  of benefitting trade.    I   may  be
allowed to speak, if not with author-
POHMALITY OP ENGLISH COURTS IS  UNAFFECTED BY THE
GREAT WAR
The Plilur. ahona Lord Reading, Lord Chief .laatlce of England, leaving Weatmluater Abbey, after the aervlee which la held there at the opening of the law eonrta every aeaalon. (Dally Mirror War Service.) '
rough work now done by men. The
nation must take some risks. If Great
Britain had not taiken these risks
before the commencement of the present war, she would have had no
means to finance it now, or any hope
of being able to raise such an army
as she has now done. When peace
comes, nations should remove all
causes of quarrel, and all those galling and irritating restrictions about
trade, instead of following the advice
of naval and military experts, or the
clamor of monopolists, or of any person deriving benefit in supplying the
army and the navy.
At the same time that the peace
treaty was concluded by the United
Kingdom and the United States, it
was arranged that no more than a
few war ships should be allowed on
the Great Lakes, and that no forts
should bc built along a boundary of
3000 miles, and today, after 10(1 years
of peace, there is not a single ship
or fort, and the only argument for
their use exists in the imagination of
naval and military men, and of those
who make their living by catering to
that class. There should therefore
bc, at the end of the present war,
such a treaty between all the nations
now engaged in war*as well as between all neutrals, a treaty that there
should bc no more forts or ships
built* and that there should lie no
longer be any conscription, but that
the military establishments of all na-j
tions should bc reduced to the amount,
sufficient to quell internal disorder, j
There should be all entente cordialc
among all nations, and any nation
who breaks it should at once be called
to account by all other contracting
nations. If we cannot just yet get
the Unitedi States of Europe, we
should at .least get rid of the intolerable burden of armaments, which
press so heavily on all nations. I see
no other way of paying off the burdens created by the present war. All
the water ways of the world should
be disarmed, and made free to all nations. Canals like Suez, Panama and
Kiel should be acquired by an International Committee representing every nation of the world. Each nation should have to pay its share of
the undertaking as well as the expense of upkeep, so that ships could
ity, yet certainly without the imputation of trespassing on ground
which I am not reasonable to be supposed to understand as most people,
and to say when I hear those who advocate warlike establishments or
large armaments for the purpose of
encouraging trade in distant parts of
the world, that I have no sympathy
with them, and that they never shall
have my support in carrying out such
measures. We have nothing to hope
from measures of violence in aid of
the promotion of commerce with other countries.
It has been too often the case that
fighting has been justified! on the
ground of opening up new markets
and promoting civilisation. War only
breeds a legacy of hatred and illwill
suspicion, and distrust, which leads
to the increase of larger armaments,
and the waste of more money in their
upkeep. It ruins industry and bru-
talises the human mind with the continual idea of violence to promote
peace. It is an old maxim and a false
one, "To have peace you must prepare for war." If a nation prepares
for war, it will most assuredly get it.
It will get what it prepares for. The
training and education for war makes
the mind indifferent to horror. It
is highly criminal to train the young
people of a nation to commit murder, for murder by thc nation is no
less murder than by the individual.
the nation being made up of the aggregate of individuals of which it is
composed, If you wish peace, seek
peace and pursue it. The moral influence of humanity is infinitely
mightier than fleets and armies, and
no good can be obtained by blood
shed. There are a certain class in
every nation who will fight if you
give them the money. t Solvent nations should not lend to bankrupt nations for such a purpose. If they do
they are simply accessories before
the fact to the crime of murder. No
individual should lend for such a purpose. It should be placed in the same
category as a gaming debt and the
law should give no assistance to recover it.
We need not wonder why industry
will not prosper during a time of
war when all the floating cash is
subscribed to a war loan, and money
becomes scarce and interest high. In
this country it is now 12 or 15 per
cent, and we cannot imagine any man
so foolish as to risk his money in
business when he can get a high rate
uf interest.with less risk. Stop war.
allow free imports to come into the
country, and you will soon be getting
the golden grain from the prairies
to pay for these imports, and you will
be creating a demand fur it in oriental countries and you will require no
subsidy from the government tu build
ships.
The cruel and intolerant government of Russia has on several occasions tried to crush the liberty of the
l-'inns, and overawe them by military
power, thinking that the Finns would
retaliate, and that they would have
a chance to effectually crush them.
The Finns knew, however, how to
suffer, and they effected through passive resistance what they could not
accomplish through arms, and Russia was baffled. They refused to
fight, they struck work, and Russia
had to yield.
DISILLUSIONMENT FOR
BRIDE AND  GROOM
There never were bride and groom
who were not sure that their path
would be smooth and rose strewn no
matter how rough the storm swept
the majority of wedded couples' roads
turned otlt to be. They planned, first
and foremost, to be lovers always!���
there should never be a cross word or
glance exchanged; that the aim of
each should be to make each other
happy; that they would show the
world that the brightness of true wedded love could never tarnish, no matter what other disgruntled married,
folks* might declare to be thc con-'
trary.
If one could lay down a rule for
continuous wedded contentment and
say not to swerve fromlit, no matter
how just the cause of bubbles of trouble that would rise to the surface, all
would be well. It's the unexpected
waves that arise and cloudbursts that
come from an apparently cloudless
sky that deluge the marriage boat and
either capsize it 'or sink it altogether.
The continuous happiness of thc married state depends upon love, and was
there ever a more fragile bough to
tie one's hopes to!
After the honeymoon is well over
and the couple settle down to the
humdrum of everyday life the scales
of infatuation begin to lessen from
wedded eyes. A husband is usually
first to get his eyes free from illus-
ionment's bandages, though he is too
wise to let the partner of his joys and
sorrows into the secret of the fact.
He sees in the woman who gives her
hair a hasty brush in the morning ere
she rushes to the kitchen to prepare
his breakfast quite a different person
from the dainty, fluffy, dolled up
sweetheart he lost his heart to in the
other days. When he sees her scrubbing the floor in a ragged wrapper
or toiling over a washtub or ironing
board, instead of having a desire to
fold her in his arms and kiss her he
can scarcely refrain from the impulse
to seize his hat and flee from her as
fast and as far as he can get. Homely home pictures call love in the
breasts of the men who have admiration for beauty in women.
The wife finds that life holds dis-
illusionments when her husband's attitude toward her is undeniably
changing when he grumbles over the
muddiness of the coffee, thc toughness of the griddle cakes and her
clumsiness in serving diem. This
provokes the angry retort that if he
was so particular about his meals he
should have married an experienced
cook which he well knew she was
not. When he answers that every
girl who marries should be able to get
up a good nieal���"if not. why not"
���then the trouble begins to brew.
Thc first disagreement may be
patched up, another and ; ct others,
but with each exchange of unpleasantness the gap in matrimonial contentment grows a little wider. After each
has tossed off the mask of courtesy
all the other little trials of married
life creep in. She finds out he is not
the teetotaler she believed him to bc
and that he is close with his money
as well. He discovers she has a temper. Xantippe has nothing on her in
the way of uttering exasperating back
talk. But they have taken each other for better or for worse. Each
makes the best of a bad bargain.
Fun and Frolic
I see there's a new movement on.
foot in Canada, namely, "to maku
Canadians out of all the little foreigners." Wouldn't it be a blessing to
this fair land if we could make foreigners out of a lot of the Little Canadians.
...
"Is she pretty?"
"I should say so. She's even gnu.!
to look at when she's eating corn on
the cob."
* tt *
''Am I guod' enough for you?"
sighed  the  fond  lover.
"No," s_i(d the gilr, candidly,
"you're not, but you are loo good
for any other girl."
* * tt
Thc  Fond  Mother  (to adventurous.
offspring):     Come     away   frOm   the
cliff, will yer!    Do yer want to dash
yerself  to pieces in yer best suit.
.  *   .
Nearly cvery one of his friends had
suffered from the caprices of the
practical joker. Happily the joker
had weak points of his own. One
of them was a dislike fur night air.
One morning about two o'clock there
came a tremendous thumping at his
front door. The joker hopped out of
bed. opened his front window, ami
leaned out. "In heaven's name, what
is the matter'-'" he asked. "One of
your windows is open," said a man on
the sidewalk. "Which one?" asked
the joker. "Thc one you've stuck
your head through," was the reply.
.  * *
Hand-painted lingerie is said to be
the latest feminine craze. If artists
arc allowed to paint it while it is in
wear it will speedily become a male
craze too.
.   * *
The sturdy son of Scotia's heather-
covered hills was spending a few days
in London, and not much else; and
the first evening he asked the polite
and gentlemanly clerk in the hotel
bureau at what show he could be certain of a good laugh.
"1 should go to thc Aldwych, if I
were you, sir," responded the p. and
g. official.
"I'll go to no auld witch," violently
retorted the suspicious Scot, with the
readiness of his nation to believe that
someone was getting at him. "I'll
awa to the Empire, and perhaps I'll
see a few young yins!"
. * .
Sir Sam Hughes' powers are curtailed. What right has a barnyard
rooster to strut round with spurs on,
anyhow? ���
...
"What did you do in thc grcat
war?" asked St. Peter of the shivering
applicant. "1 was a neutral," was the
shamefaced reply.
"Well, I don't know that we have
any use for you," said the saintly
doorkeeper. "If you were a cat, now,
we might use you."
"Explain, please," said the applicant. "Well, you see, cits have en-
tra'ils, and we use them for harp-
strings. You have no entrails. Run-
along, and don't block the gate!"
. * *
Edith: "Haven't you and Jack been
engaged long enough to get married?"
Ethel: "Too long!    He hasn't got
a nickle left."
'. * *
'Have you ever kissed another
girl?" asked the girl.
'If I have," replied the experienced
young man, "I've forgotten all about
it."
Bess:. "Why didn't you slap Jim
when he tried to kiss you?"
Teste: "Because, dear, I'm too proud
to fight."
WANTED ��� PUBLIC SCHOOL
graduates or high school students to
take shorthand or business courses
and pay for same from salary earned
after graduation. Only a limited
number accepted on this plan. Apply
at once in own handwriting to
Success Business College, Vancouver, B. C.
ARGUE!
aooa
PHONEl 8EV. 900
MacDONALD & HAY
Barrister!, Solicitor!, Etc.
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.
Classified Advertising
FLORISTS
BROWN BROS. & CO., LIMITED.
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, At
Hastings St. E��� and 782 Granville
Street, Vancouver, B. C.
WATCHMAKER
10,000 WATCHES and CLOCKS
wanted to clean and repair at the
factory, 438 RICHARDS STREET.
fl For PRINTING ��� THE STANDARD ��� Sey. 470 ft SATURDAY, NOVEMBER  H, 1916
THE STANDARD
FIVE
GROWLS FROM A SOUR MAN S
DIARY
A man should never love money,
but there is no harm in loving a girl
with plenty.
...
Woman and wine make a strong
combination but illusion and wine-
make  a stronger.
ft tt t.
No girl believes in being a girl if
she  can  be anything  else.
* *  ��
If a man's love will survive a woman's dressing-table, it will survive
anything,
* * *
A man isn't half so necessary lo
woman as his income is.
* * .
A daylight proposal is worth a du-
yen conservatory ones.
.  * *
A jealous woman  is a yellow  peril
from which a few men escape.
...
What every woman knows isn't
worth knowing; it's what she doesn't
know that pleases man.
ft * ft
N.o woman minds a man being untrue���to others.
+ * *
All   things   come   to   the  man   who
doesn't need them.
ft * tt
If a woman never forgets her first
love, she generally takes good care
that he doesn't either.
WANTED ��� PUBLIC SCHOOL
graduates or high school students to
take shorthand or business courses
and pay for same from salary earned
after graduation. Only a limited
number accepted on this plan. Apply
at once in own handwriting to
Success Business College, Vancouver. B. C.
Cycling Dan says:
That by buying a Bicycle
You stop "bye-bye''
To many "a nickle"
Spent for cars
Or jitney fare.
Besides you can
Ride anywhere,
Pedal a Paragon���
And be glad
That you acted
On this "Ad."
Cycling can be made to pay
See Fred Deeley���now���Today.
FRED DEELEY
(The Cycle If an)
1126   GRANVILLE   STREET
VANCOUVER
0s
Phone Highland 137
Grandview Hospital
1090 VICTORIA DRIVE
VANCOUVER     -     B.C.
Medical : Surgical : Maternity
Rates  from  $15.00  per  week
CANADIAN
PACIFIC
Through Tickets
issued   to   all   parts
of the world.
THE    POPULAR
ROUTE     j
to the Old Country,
Alaska, China and
Japan.
For full
particulars apply
to any
C. P. R.
Agent
THE EXCHANGE OF LETTERS
AT OTTAWA
The action of Sir Wilfrid Laurier
was an entirely proper one in refusing
to allow himself to be drawn into participation in the timid expedients to
which the I'.urden government is, for
lack of a mind of its own. resorting
on the suggestion uf others in connection with national duly in these
serious days.
As these days are serious, it is fitting that men should consider the nature of the overture made to Sir Wilfrid   Laurier,  as   already   an   attempt
aries, works, maintenance.    It is due
tu tbe patronage evil iu all ii-, rai
cations that thi- pr-.. ince cannol meet
its fixed charges and various essential
co itments      without    bor
burning lhe candle .'it the otl
by increasing its debt. Ob
compulsion, if nothing else,
compel a government scarcely
cerned for the well-being uf the
try to take the axe to the s
which stands in the way oi restoration of the finances of the province tu
a sound, business-like basis.���Victoria
Times.
owing,
er end
iuusly.
would
stem
li ep   "i   thi     on
I ye l
"Who's  for  thc
I ii   e  daj
��� ���'    11j<-  in."
,:        ; |
the  people uf  the
. u 1 seemei are free, happy and
contented? Tli ��� ��� daj ��� when the
man who labored with his bain', re
ceived  a jusl  remuneration and    the
high cos! >.f living did not prevent
him from planting Ins feet under a
uilile and ordering a dozen un the
half-shell as a starti-r and ending
by popping a bottle uf���grape juice'
"Who's fur the Go )i uld Day*?"
The days   Alien  you could  wear a  so'
"Who'    for the  Good Old Days?"
We are!     I he Merritt Herald.
��� #  .
COAST TAKES MORE INTEREST IN THE INTERIOR
' 'in- uf tin- encouraging signs of the
revival  'f  interest   in  mining  is  the
attention   Vancouver  papers  arc   beginning t-i pay to tiie industry.
11 has for ; i an been a jusl  grou
mplaint on the part of the interior that the ri' best and mosl pi  ���
British  Columbia  re
- ni ienl .ttt. ntion from the
��� -.,y   ...   pri
.i- been pai in ularly the case
in mining.    For year- a  100 pi i
i V ��� lot loo
ed mon mportanl to the av<
coast reader than the news of thi
covi r) of a mine which would pro-
d ��� - thousands o ton I on a year
audi pay out $10,000 or $20,000 a
':' iii wages.
Ml the Vancouver newspapers are
no ��� printing more news of the min-
:i ..- ��� dustry in Kootenay and Boun-
than at any previous time in
history. It is io be hoped that
will continue to ri - io. Vancou-
prospcrity depends upon the
icrity of the territory behind it,
linot live on Vancouver alone.���
n Daily News.
year,  a   very   small  export    bus
when
compared with
our exports  to
      es.
��� ... home produce up  to  the outbreak of the war,
Russia, showed the following
United States and to other* countri
The Canadian export
tlarj
tl eii
they
ver'i
pros
It i
Ne I.
CANADIAN TRADE WITH
RUSSIA
WOUNDED   "AN/.ACS"   INSPECT   GIRI,   GUIDES���NEW   HONORS   FOR   CONVALESCENT   NON-COMS.
Ill-twee 11 Mix mill seven- thoastind wounded soldiers, nmonK them mini. AuNlrnlinns iiml Canadians, were
Mil. r.nlni-il In the Grout Park of Windsor Castle recently, to commcmornlc the second anniversary of the de-
pnrlure from Australia of the first contingent to take imrt In the present European war. Among other Interesting novelticH of the iluy, were the InHpeetlon by convnle-iccnt non-commissioned office��� of the Girl Gulden,
Boys' Brigade and other Hone Defence organisations, which la n duty and honor generally Klvrn to high officers.    The  lmttle-acarred   herora  In   the  picture  aeem  to be quite Interested In thc decoratlnna of the Inaalea.
(Dally Mirror    War Service.)
has been made to misinform the public concerning it.
Here is what happened: Sir Robert
Borden appointed a National Service
commission and a director-general to
preside over its deliberations and
guide its operations. This body, it
was explained at the outset, was not
to be answerable to the militia department, but would keep in direct
touch with the prime minister himself.
This body which, under its director-
general, was to look after national
service, was not a non-partizan, nor
was it a bi-partisan body. The prime
minister appointed it himself, and did
not invite Sir Wilfrid Laurier to name
any of its members nor to suggest
anything as to the nature or the extent of the work it was to perform
In this, as in everything since thc war
started, the government went right
along on party lines.���Montreal Star.
* * tt
CORRUPTION NO LONGER
TOLERATED
The member nf parliament who
promotes or votes for a subsidy or
a contract, or an appointment to the
public service, knowing that from the
persons   interested   in   these    things
some part of bis election expenses
have come or will come, is not playing fair with his constituents, and is
not true to his oath of office. It is
well that representatives of the people who are not personally corrupt
should recognize that the public conscience will no longer tolerate the
form of corruption under which funds
for party purposes become available
in return for favors granted from the
public  treasury.���Toronto  Globe.
SIR THOMAS TAIT'S
RESIGNATION
When Sir Thomas Tait accepted
the chairmanship of the National Service Commission he did so on the distinct understanding that he was to
have the full support of the Prime
Minister. The very first move he
made showed him that he could not
rely upon that support, and that the
Prime Minister was not his own master, Therefore, Sir Thomas Tait
promptly resigned, and his resignation is a most regrettable incident,
because it deprives the Commission
of an able organizer and a thoroughly competent executive head.���Acadian Recorder.
* * *
"WHO'S  FOR  THE  GOOD  OLD
DAYS?''
It is noted that the subject of Rev.
Johnstone's sermon at the Presbyterian church next Sunday evening is
entitled: "Who's for the Good Old J
Days?" Now, unfortunately, perhaps, for the writer of this, it may
be said that he is not a very regular
attendant upon Divine service, consequently he will not attempt lo anticipate how Rev. Johnston will handle
this subject. However, thc very title
suggests a world of memories and it
is hard to refrain, at this moment,
from saying a few words on the same
subject, realizing full well that whatever may be said will not interfere
in the least with what the reverend
gentleman will say next Sunday evening.
Who's for the Good Old Days?"
We are, for one, and count us good
and   strong!     It   does   not   seem   so
we
are
strong       	
very,  very  many  moons    since
 wandered   into   a   booming     mining
FIGHTING THE PATRONAGE      jcamp in this province aud found thc
EVIL I bright  lights burning.    The buildings
British Columbia is confronted with jof   that   camp   were     principally     of
1c
with
conditions  which  make  a  stein _ ^^^^^^^^^
against the patronage  system  absol-ltered  here and  tliere.    From
utely imperative.   Apart from his own  window beamed a cheery light.
convictions   the   leader   has  no  other  every door came a happy sound.   \\
choice.     The   system   'has   bled   the'wandered  into an  Inn  and  sought
i few lumber shacks scat-
every
from
country White, for it should bc remembered that while appointments to
the civil service account for a large
item of unnecessary expenditure, this
is actually a minor consideration in
comparison with the enormous waste
of funds on other expenditures, not
to speak of the wholesale alienation
of publis resources to political favorites. Yet our salary list alone is
greater than the whole expenditure
of thc province of Nova Scotia���sal-
place to rest our head, but none was
to be had���every "bunk" was full.
We wandered to a lunch counter and
there it was that top sirloin at six-
bits a throw filled an aching void, and
it was some sirloin, too! There it
was that a grizzled old prospector
discovered tliat we were unable to
secure a bed at the Inn and there it
was that we were taken in. That
night the hospitality of the prospector
cabin opened to us and we slept the
wester to a "house party" and run
no chances of being invited to leave!
The days when twenty dollar gold
pieces jingled in your pocket so Often
that you paid no attention to the
sound! The days when the long
freight team would bring in a few
tons of merchandise and charge you
ten cents a pound therefor! You
could buy a splendid pair of shoes in
those days for $5; today the same
shoe will set you back about nine
bucks���if you buy it.
"Who's for the Good Old Days?"
Those days before the conventions of
this so-called civilization changed our
natures to such an extent that we
forget sometimes that we arc living!
Those days before Murphy went to
the legislature and became a grafter
and Kolcnbeck decided to return
to the land of thc Kaiser and become
a savage! Those were the days. Men
made more noise about certain things
then than they do now ,but they had
honest hearts and willing hands. If
a person was-in distress down went
thc hand into the pocket and out
came thc dollars and they were given
gladly, freely. In those days the
Golden Rule was every good man's
motto: "Do unto others as you
would have them do unto you." Today, that rule has been reversed. It
reads something like this: "Do unto
others as you think they are likely
to do unto you am'.���do it  first."
evui
Can
term
has
receive
and
- one of our allies in the present
r. Russia has become closely as-
:iated T\ith the business interests of
eat Britain and the cojojnies of
eat Britain. Apparently, if we ar,
take the statistics of the pas,t ai
:e, the business interests of
have not taken into serious
ration the importance of fos-
trade relations with Russia. It
en predicted by politicians, financiers aud others of national and
international reputation, that after
the war the two countries t
great interest among capitalists
investors will, be Canada and Russia.
The great Russian Empire lias a
population of 171,000,000 pe -pie.
while Russia proper has a population
of approximately 164,000,000. It must
be remembered that in imputation
Russia is around 63 per cent, larger
than United States and nearly three
times as large as Germany. At the
outbreak of the war Germany's population was estimated at 65,000,000,
and Russia's population in comparison showed the following population
figures:
Russia     163,900,000
i Russian Empire. 171,000,000).
l'nited  States    100,000,000
Germany     65,000,000
Austria-Hungary    49.900,000
Argentina    7,200,000
Canada    8,000,000
At the outbreak of the war the gold
reserve of Russia was approximately
$1,011,500,000 and despite the very
large population of Russia its gold
stock per capita showed very creditably when compared with other countries. The gold per capita ill Russia
at the outbreak of the war showed the
following figures in comparison with
other countries:
Russia���per capita gold
Italy   	
t
lies:
*'"���'
1911   ....,
1912
���913   .....
1914   .
The vain
1 'a ad i
val-
to
of ti
Ru si:
loial
in
....$  598,435
 1,175,444
 1,241,438
 2,14
...IJ'
pi ri ���
^^^^^���. Europe fur ihc
fiscal year el ling March 31st, 1915,
amounted to $1,331,191, while the ira-
from Russia in tbis same year
amounted to $105,455. These were, of
��������� urse, direct imports and exports.
u- i able of merchandise imported
into Canada from Russia through lhe
United States for the fiscal year 1914
valued at ..''..171, and the ex-
through the United States from
Canada to Russia in the same year
.-.ere valued al $1,235,631. That Canada's frade with Russia was not in-
asing is shown in the figures corn-
were
rt.-
as follows:
Exports   to
""'   1914, which showed
United
1913   	
1914    "'
Imports from
.$6.17
Russia,   through
States.
 $2,017,560
   1,235.631
Russia, through  United
States.
1913    $162,817
1914       96,171
Our total trade relations with  Rus-
sia in exports and imports combined
are considerably under $5,000,000 per
it is remembered that
i population of around
d a spending power pro-
large, the littleness of
with Russia is better re-
*ear. VVhe
tussia lias
65,000,000 ;
lortidnately
'��� i
Canad
a can supply main- of the pro-
which   Russia
must buy chief
various manufactured products including clothing and
the various woollen and textile
ufactures. Canada also
Russia with
among these  beinc
and a
things
  man-
fcan supply
a variety of other manufactured products which include iron
and steel, building material, wearing-
apparel, various food product
Really countless variety of
which  Russia must have. ,
The war having brought the people of Canada and the people of Russia into a fellowship never before
dreamed possible, it remains for Canadian people to take the first step
in making the Russians our allies in
business as well as our allies in war.
It can not be accomplished without
thc clearing up of many difficulties,
among them the establishing of long
credit terms with Russian buyers and
the numerous other problems in foreign trade financing which will bc
necessary in cultivating and expanding the sending of Canadian products
to the markets of the great Russian
Empire.
Russia will buy boots and shoes and
other leather products; clothing and
textile manufactures; canned meats,
fruits and other food products; iron
and steel products; fishery products;
and countless other products inclti.1-
ing both necessities and luxuries.
With a population sixty-five per cent
7 58 'ar8er  '''an  '''c  United States,   Rus-
Argentine     4.65
Brazil       3.90
United States   19.39
It is rather peculiar that while the
financiers ami industrial interests of
Canada and of the United States have
been devoting considerable time in recent years to the further expansion in
trade relations with the countries of
South America, including the Argentine and. Brazil, very little attention in
comparison,   has   been   given   to   tl
bilities of increasing
relations with Russia. In
Russia offers a much bif
market than does South A
the per capita gold supply
is larger than that of South
Looking into Canadian figures we
find that the value of exports iron
Canada to Russia of home produce
a-ii.units   to   around   $2,000,000     per
trad
latio
nr
0:
sia will bc a big customer for these
products. Russia's chief exports will
be in wheat and in furs. The things
which Russia must buy from foreign
markets can be very largely supplied
from   Canada.
Russia after  the war. offers one of
the biggest inducements to its Canadian   allies   for   trade  expansion   and
���  meri al  heads of Canada will do
��  II i      on menci   now thc
iii'- il! result in bt
-    ���     ,   i     ��� ghtfi I share    I
j  iai   I   -; less thai is uti
���   i   -J  urnal   of   G mi
irep:
��� i
lcrica and
��� i Russia
America.
-ii-IJi.M 1893 |W
CENTER A HANNA LIMITED
New Localioo,  1049 Gec-rsi* Sired, (.ppoiilc new,
Y. M. C. A.
.Firepioof Columbarium ���J "*���'-'���' "���J*-'1*"-
WITH THE  RUSSIANS IN  THEIR RIG DRIVE
The photograph nho.vs  captured Austrian prisoners and wounded in the eastern front .There the Russians
contlnuc to press the Teutonic forces. (Dally Mirror War Service.) SIX
THE STANDARD
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1916
THEF
_J**J_^%^'_i_W^a��_.��-r    ^f&'tcfe
���^"T*-1.1^.- (      - -    ft
PANTAGES THEATRE
"The Shielding Shadow," which opens at Pantages next Monday, promises to be one of the most popular
and thrilling serials which have ever
been shown in this city. The mystery
of whom "the Shadow," or what it is,
is even greater than that of who
"The Laughing Mask" is. There is
an all star cast in this offering. Grace
Darmong, Leon Barry, Ralph Kcllard.
accordion   in   a   fashion   which   wil
make her popularity sure.
VANCOUVER SCHOOL OF
EXPRESSION GIVE RECITAL
An institution that has attracted
considerable attention by its rapid
and substantial growth and the high
standard of excellence attained is the
Vancouver School of Expression, un-
Jardine and .Miss lsdale, and Messrs.
Tucker':, Sutton, Stewart. Macaulay
and D. Macaulay.
The orchestra under the baton of
Mr. ('Scar P. Ziegler was in excellent form and brilliantly interpreta-
ted Madame l'ratt-Stuart's music,
which was con_piis.il especially for
these dances. This is an advance in
the right direction, and local musicians should be encouraged in .such
efforts. _
The vocal and dramatic departments were represented by tiie gold
and silver medalists, members of the
school, who gave evidence of the high
standard of work accomplished. One
noticeable feature was tjie beauty of
the tonal production, also the case
of the stage deportment.
Miss Ethel Beswick, L.A.B., has a
brilliant voice and sang Bizet's "Arabian Girl" with great charm. Blanche
Nadeau further increased her splendid
reputation by a sympathetic rendition of "Solvicg's Song" by Grieg,
and also appeared in a duet with Margaret LeMessurier, who gave an exceptionally sweet interpretation of
"Una Voce Poco Fa." Mr. T. Aider-
son gave a pleasing rendition of thc
Toreador Song. A ladies' quartet and
a chorus completed the musical part
of the programme.
Mr. Edward Chamberlain gave a
powerful and realistic recitation in
costume, entitled "The Vagabond
Prince," and easily excelled all his
previous efforts. Miss Eva Barclay
was both charming and intense in her
recitation. "Claudius and Cynthea."
Master Charles Brenchley was most
amusing in "The Schoolmaster's
Guests."
Dramatic scenes from "Leah the
Forsalftn," and the "Taming of the
Shrew" gave Miss Gwcndolin Stevens opportunity to reveal her great
tragic powers, and Miss Jessie Pennington her skill as a comedienne and
Archie Strang was an excellent. Pet-
ruchio. Others assisting were Annie
Lozier, Dave Kilgour, Tom Aider-
son and Percy Smith.
MME. EDVINA COMING
TO GIVE CONCERT HERE
HAIIOLD     NELSON     SHAW,    B.A.
and Madalinc Traverse. The first
episode serves as an introduction to
the  characters,  and  also  supplies   a
��� few big thrills into the bargain. The
fire-at-sea scene is a thrill which will
cause gasps and sensations galore.
Men, clothed in suites of fire, are
seen to leap from thc deck into the
sea.. ��� - ��� -    "'    -,,; "!!'������*
Resista, the girl of changing
weights, is a mystery as big as who
or what "The Shielding Shadow" is.
She normally weighs in the neighborhood of 98 lbs, still no man, no matter how husky, can raise her from thc
' floor against her will. She is so confident of her mastery of mind, over
matter, that she offers a handsome reward to the man who can lift her from
the stage floor.
George Primrose, the eminent
"Minstrel Man" and his seven blackface minstrel men, will be an attraction par-excellence. Gilroy, Haines,
and Montgomery have a very pleasing act, consisting of song, talk and
chatter. Weber and Elliot are two
young men who sing and talk in a
novel fashion. Leo and .Mac Jackson
will offer an entire new assortment
of bicycle tricks,    lzctta will play the
der the able principalship of Harold
Nelson Shaw, B.A.
On Saturday evening last a recital
of more than ordinary interest was
given before a huge and delighted
audience at the -Avenue Theatre.
The major part of the programme
was given over to the School of Ballet and Classic and Toe Dancing,
which recently has been added to the
institution. This is under the direction of Madame and Mile. Belates-
Barbes who, like Harold Nelson, are
well known as teachers of unusual
ability. With dainty costumes, brilliant lighting effects, and appropriate
music, these young dancers, charmed
the eye and fascinated the audience
by the precision of their movements,
firm carriage, and above all, their
spontaneous, skilful dancing. Mile.
Barbes was the premier danseuse of
the evening. Her graceful figure,
charming smile and unusual technique made every movement expressive.
She has a brilliant future in store, for
very few of the visiting dancers at
the local theatres arc her superior.
Assisting Mile. Barbes were Misses
R". Fraser, M. Lyne, G. Anderson, J.
Adams, M, Macaulay, J. Mangold, D.
Pantages Theatre
 WEEK    OF    NOVEMBER    13,    1916	
THAT   WONDER   SERIAL
" THE SHIELDING SHADOW ��
RESISTA
"THE GIRL OF CHANGING WEIGHTS."
Note.���A handsome reward will be given to anyone lifting this
98-lb. girl against her will.
5   ���   OTHER FEATURES  ���   5
Prices: Matinee, ISc; Night, 15 & 25c; Mat.,starts 2.40; Night, 7 & 9
Madame Edvina, thc famous Ca-
nandian soprano, who will make her
initial appearance in Vancouver in
concert at the Vancouver opera
house, on Thursday, November 23,
will open her tour in Chicago on
November 7, when she will sing at
the opening of the morning musicales
in the crystal ballroom of the Hotel
Blackstone.
Last season Madame Edvina was
one of thc leading members of the
Chicago Opera association, and in
such widely differing roles as Maliella
in "The Jewels of the Madonna," Fi-
ora in "L'Amore dei Tre Re" and
the name part in "Louise," she established herself as one of the greatest
favorites in a company which also
included such celebrated artists as
Mme. Melba, Geraldine Farrar and
Emmy Destinn. Considerable regret
was accordingly expressed by the box
holders and subscribers when it became known that Madame Edvina
had decided not to renew her operatic
contract for the coming season and
that she would devote herself entirely
to concert giving. Her first appearance in Chicago in concert is therefore an eagerly awaited event, and
it promises to be a most auspicious
opening of her tour.
A feature of thc programme will
be a group of songs by John A. Carpenter, and as Mr. Carpenter is a very
warm admirer of Madame lidvina's
lovely voice and art. he has offered
to accompany her at the piano.
Madame l\dyin*i's coming tour of
the West is the''result of a long
cherished wish to sing again In Vancouver and Victoria, cities In which
_,hc was so well known socially as thc
Honorable Mrs. Cecil Edwards, before she went to live abroad and became *j pupil of Jean de Reszke.
H For PRINTING ��� THE STANDARD ��� Sey. 470 fl
Estd. 1904.       Phone High. 285
READY ��� NEW SEASON'S
APPLE CIDER
BOILED CIDER &
APPLE SIRUP
from our factory at Vernon, B.C.
Also,    New    Season's    LULU
ISLAND CABBAGE, made
into the finest
Sauer Kraut
at  our  Vancouver  factory.
B.C. Vinegar Works
1365,7   Powell   St.,   Vancouver.
it
THE MAN WHO KNOWS
����
We
Does not have to seek a position.   A position seeks him.   Business men seek "Success" graduates,
cannot supply the demand.   Why not get ready now?   Our Fall Term opens September 5th.
The SUCCESS BUSINESS COLLEGE, Limited
COR 10TH AVE. AND MAIN ST., VANCOUVER      Schoola from Cout to Co_��t      Phone Fair. 2075
Do Your Bit - Pay!   Pay!!   Pay!!!
How Much
Can I Give?
You who have lent an ear to the call of the dependents of our soldiers, ask yourself that question.
Shall it be One Dollar, Five Dollars or One Hundred Dollars a
month ?
Here is your answer:
Not in dollars but in sacrifice lies the measure of your giving.
i
A Day's Pay a Month Is
Little Compared With the
Supreme Sacrifice of
Our Soldi*
���some of us should give more; some must give less; only give until
you feel it.
Our soldiers have entrusted to us the sustenance and comfort of
their loved ones. We must protect them from want while tlieir
mankind upon whom they depend are fighting for the Empire!
Our Soldiers Have
Volunteered Their Lives;
Will You Volunteer 12 Days' Pay for
Their Dependents During 1917?
Some who have been giving, can give more. Remember the need j
has grown and subscriptions must be increasingly generous.
A committee of representative business men, headed by Mayor-lieI; .'j
and Mr. W. F. Salsbury are in charge of the campaign, while tliere is a permantj
executive of leading citizens who give their time voluntarily to tjie cause.
In spite of the enormous volume of business handled by the local br, I
which covers the cities of Vancouver and North Vancouver and the municipal1!'*!
of North Vancouver, West Vancouver, South Vancouver, Point Grey, liichn.-iif
and Hurnaby, the administration is accomplished at a minimum of expense.
Tlie books of the fund are audited by a reputable firm of auditors whose staid
ments are published in the newspapers periodically.
The character and standing of those in charge of. the Vancouver braftch ai
indeed of the whole Canadian Patriotic Fund, assure your subscription being u-e
with best possible advantage to those soldiers dependents who rely upon the im
for support.
NOTE.���The cout of <hlM newspaper space In donated to the fund by the four
Vancouver dally newspaper* and "The Standard/' the copy haw been written antl
prepared free of cout. and the type has been set free by members of the Typoo-raplc
leal Union.
SUBSCRIBE REGULARLY TO JHt
CANADIAN PATRIOTIC FUN
. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1916
THE   STANDARD
SEV-EN
Phone Seymour 9086
WE INVITE YOUR
FIRE INSURANCE
BUSINESS
We Write Insurance in Sound, Reliable Companies.
Dow Fraser Trust Co.
122 Hastings St. West        McKay Station, Burnaby
Northern Securities, Ltd.
Established 1906
529 PENDER STREET WEST Seymour 1574
FINANCIAL AGENTS       ESTATE MANAGERS
NOTARY PUBLIC
TO RENT-HOUSES AND SUITES
SHAUGHNESSY HEIGHTS.���10-roomed House,
on 19th Avenue. Two fireplaces, Hardwood
floors.    $40.00 per month.
KITSILANO. ��� Several six and seven-roomed
Houses.    $15.00 ptr month.
SUITES, Alma Court, 2224 Alberta Street. Three
and four rooms. All modern. $8.00 to $15.'I0
per month.
FURNISHED. ��� Beautiful 10-roomed suburban
home, 5 blocks from car. Six months. $25.00
per month.
B. GEO. HANSULD
Manager
B.C. MUNICIPAL
BONDS
Hare proved their Safety and Stability aa a
Profitable Investment
We offer a variety of thoroughly safeguarded
bond issues, sold to net d'/t per cent, to 7% per cent.
Consult our Bond Department by letter or in person.
Canadian Financiers Trot Co.
Head Office: 139 Hatting* St Weat, Vancouver, B.C.
Patrick Donnelly, General Manager.
A. S. Matthew & Co.
INSURANCE MANAGERS
FIRE, SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT, MARINE,
AUTOMOBILE, BONDS, MORTGAGES
DO TODAY WHAT TOMORROW MAY NOT LET
YOU DO
See Us About Your Insurance
Correspondence Invited.   Expert Information Given
Phone Seymour 1848
Two carloads of ore arc being taken out of the Freddy
Lee mine near Sandon, which is being developed for A.
W. McCune of Salt Lake City under the manager of Marcus McCunc. It is expected that the ore will average 150
ounces iu silver and 78 per cent. lead.
Tbe new Anaconda electrolytic zinc plant has cosl
about $3,000,000 so far and will turn out 5,000,000 to 6,-
(KiO.OOO pounds of zinc per month, with the consumption
of over 30,000 ll.p, electrical energy.
Economy, national and private has hitherto been urged
as a war measure. The response has been favorable, bul
Dot to the extent which the people -if Canada should economize on purely patriotic grounds, The rapid rise'in the
cost of living, however, i?, I.rilling home to everyone the
necessity for the closest scrutiny of expenditure, personal,
business and governmental.
(Jn another page Mr. Greenwood points out the advantages of substituting fish for meat to a considerable extent upon our tables. But this is only one item of economy
that could be effected by the housewife throughout the
land. Tliere are many more substitutions that could he-
made in our diet which would not sacrifice a particle the
nutritive value of our meals. The increase in the cost of
food is naturally our most pressing problem, but the'mat-
ter of dress is only less so. Herein remarkable saving
could be effected in the personal aud family expense ae-
count. We are importing large amounts of goods wh^-h
give evidence of extravagance and economic waste. Many
of these items are in lines of wearing apparel of which
there are provided cheaper and equally valuable substitutes of our own manufacture. W'e could at least import
the cheaper varieties. So also in our consumption of luxuries, waste is too evident.
This is not a small question simply because in the
majority of individual cases it involves only smalt amounts
of money. The aggregate waste, which is altogether controlled through social and governmental means, totals
hundreds of millions annually. We believe that the Dominion Government might very well put into operation at
the next session of Parliament a moderate amount of items which are now imported and prohibit tlieir importation. It might reasonably go further and prohibit the
manufacture of certain luxuries for the period of the war,
particularly of those articles, thc consumption or purchase of which serves not only no useful purpose, but
perhaps a pernicious purpose.
On the social side much could be done. The leading
business people and their families should make it fashionable to be economical. They should wear their saving
habits on their sleeves. They should frown on ill-advised
expenditure and use social pressure against those who refuse to practise saving and economy.
If Canada were on the thrift basis of France, for example, she would be subscribing half billions of dollars to
War Loans in place of two hundred millions of dollars.
What this meaning is to Canadian industrialism in the way
of waging war lie who runs may read.
In a recent press dispatch from Ottawa, it is stated
that the Hon., the Minister of Customs, has for the present, refused the request of the British Columbia business men for the appointment of a customs official at
New York.
Thhe department apparently is seeking another solution
and is approaching the railways with a view to securing
from them a rate on all commodities having a Dominion
port on the Pacific as a destination from the manufacturing, centres of Ontario and Quebec to Halifax or Saint
John, which will be the same as the rate from those centres to the port of New York. This solution, we confess,
is an approximation to an adequate solution in the circumstances, but we must hold that it stands little hope, at
least for several years, of favorable action. The distances
preclude thc probability of the railways giving equal rates.
For example, from Toronto to Saint John via the Intercolonial, thc Government railway, it is slightly over 1000
miles; on the Canadian Pacific Railway, which crosses the
state of Maine, it is something like 800 miles; from Toronto via Buffalo to New York it is by the longest route
550 miles, and ranges down to about 500 miles.. This is
on one of the densest traffic sections of the United States,
and for that reason enjoys a low rate. Hamilton being
nearer to New York would be more favorably located for
the New York haul as against the St. Joint haul. The manufacturing districts of Ontario would be situated similarly
to Hamilton. It will thus be seen that the railways will
have to give a rate for a 800-mile haul, using the most
favorable illustration to the Customs Department proposed
solution, equal to a 550-mile haul of which 110 miles will
be on a Canadian railway.
Using Montreal as an example the distance from Montreal to Saint John via C. P. R. is approximately 485 miles,
while from Montreal to New York it is nearer to 300 miles.
Tin- rate therefor which the C. P. R. would have to make
would render little profit in the business. It can thus be
seen that the proposed solution of lhe lion. J. I). Reid will
meet obstacles, which we doubt lie will lie aide to overcome.   The citation of distances is only intended to be the
tEo __teg.org
THOSE WHO, FROM TIME TO TIME, HAVE FUNDS REQUIRING
INVESTMENT,  MAY PURCHASE AT PAR
DOMINION OF CANADA DEBENTURE STOCK
IN SUMS OF $500 OR ANY MULTIPLE THEREOF.
Principal repayable l��t October, 1919.
Interest payable half-yearly, lit April and 1st October by cheque (free
of exchange at any chartered Bank in Canada) at the rate of five per cent
per annum from the date of purch___.
Holden of thia Mode will hare the privilege of surrendering; at par and
accrued interest, as die equivalent of caah, ta payment of any allotment
made under any future war loan issue ta Canada other than an issue of
Treasury Bills or other like ihort date security.
Proceeds of thia stock ate for war purposes only.
A commission of one-quarter of one per cent will be allowed to recognised bond and stock broken on allotments made in respect of applications
for this stock which bear their stamp.
For application forms apply to the Deputy Minister of Finance, Ottawa.
DEPARTMENT OT FIlfAKCB. OTTAWA,
OCTOMX 7th. ISIS.
roughest approximation,    Relative!)   they are  not much
iu error, ,
Why would i; not be a g      tri    - busini   - for the
Minister of Customs to grant the request of British Columbia? Dn the return of normal alter the war
��� ���ur railways and steamship lines could make arrangements to handle the trade on terms of competition with
the New Y irt rate when thc I ivilegi ould be
withdrawn or held in abeyance. We are quite
to keep the trade and transportation entirely in Canada
or in Canadian bi ttoms, nut there are limitations imp sed
by Xature which cannot always be overcome, In cases
where they cannot be overcome there are alternative solutions, lu tbis particular case we cannot see as yet bow
we in J.riti_,li Columbia can havi untramelled trade with
Eastern Canada without the resort to the expedient of
appointing a customs official at New York for the handling of this trade.���B. C. Financial Times.
Mining News- of the Province
Hritish Columbia, as a mining province, is coming into
her own. New companies, and big companies, are operating in every section of the province.
*******
A big buying movement in "the spelter market is impending. Preliminary negotiations have already been entered into for what is expected t" develop into the largest
sale of spelter on record, as a sequence of the big copper
order recently placed.
The strength of the spelter market was not unexpected.
It was a foregone conclusion that following the heavy
purchases of copper there must of necessity be a heavy
movement in spelter under the stimulus of buying for brass
mills and gallvanizers as well as for export. The brass
mills took prime western grade freely as they find that
ordinary spelter fills the bill in the manufacture of brass
rods, of which the European governments have bought
very heavily in this country.
Utyr ^taudarii
mbllshed every Saturday at 426 Homer Stroat, Vancouver,
"���lephone  %*iynour 471
P.t-jriHt.-r-d   at   the   Post   Office   De**H*n��at,   Ottawa,   mm
lacend Clubs Mall Matter.
SUBSCRIPTION     HATM
To all points In Canada, United KJkfdon, Newfaundlajt.^
-wk Zealand and other British J'oaaesetooa:
$2.00
Rootage to An-...! ic.n. European ana other foreign oountrfM
11.OS per year extra.
Tlie Ktandiird will be delivered to asy address In Vancouver or vicinity at ten cents a month.
Member or th* Canadian Press AuootatlOB.
Tbe Standard, with which Is Insorporatad tho Saturday
Chinook, circulates In Vancouver and tho oitiee, towns, villages and settlements throughout British Columbia. Ia
joli'.b i the paper Is Independent Liberal.
Publishers , Th* standard Prints���
The Consolidated Co. al Trail are now accepting zinc
ore for treatment, the first contract being made for 600   ���
tons of zinc concentrates per month from the Lucky Jim.
tt   tt   tt   tt   *   tt    .
At the Rocher DeBoule mine the No. 1 vein was cut
by the cross-cut tunnel at about 1.4IX) feet. The vein is in
good shape. The big tunnel is being pushed ahead as
rapidly as possible to get under the main vein, which will
be tapped at nearly 2,000 feet depth. The long dive is
now about 1,700 feet into the mountain, or about half way.
t-1 the main vein.
Shipments for the past month averaged better than 60
tons yer day.
0      tf     tf     tt      tt     tf      *
Another three hundred tons of blister copper from
Granby have been unloaded at Rupert for shipment to the
east.
JUNK ACCUMULATIONS        (Continued from page 2)
can pulverize it., operations, and bring the manipulators
to justice. The subject seems one peculiarly within the
sphere of thc detective department of the police, and we
would urge on it the speedy and thorough investigation
into the junk accumulations. Who are the owners? Why
do they not sell? At whose behest or request are these
accumulations piled up, even along our business  streets?
(5rest Gaa\��in A\ari iw Province
IN the summer season thp Province
of New Brunswick is a happy
land, where the sunny hours
speed away on the feet of delightful
dreams. In the fall she Is lovely in
her rich dress of brown; and in the
winter, when she is arrayed in her
robe of virgin whiteness, she is fair
and charming; and if she is then
cold, her admirers do not feel that
her el-illness is a ehlllness of heart.
This favorite Canadian haunt is
preeminently a land of the holiday-
maker aud sportsman. St. Andrews,
where Is situated the popular Canadian Pacific Algonquin Hotel, and
many other seaside places are loved
haunts of the bather and outdoor
game player during the holiday season of June, July, August and September. No sooner have the summer holiday folks and fishermen left
the province than the hunters of the
big game take their places, for at the
opening of the big game season
large numbers of hunters of both
sexes appear with their guns amidst
the thick forests of the land. New
Brunswick is one of the most popular
of the Canadian provinces for big
game hunting. Moose, caribou anil
deer are plentiful In this region.
A magnificent specimen of big
game Is the moose. When fully
grown he weighs over 1,000 lbs. His
massive antlers are long and generally average six feet In width. He
may be found in twelve of the fifteen
counties of the province. It is only
the hunting folks and the wary
guides who know how to hunt the
moose. There is the "calling" done
early In the season, and the "still
hunting" done later on���In the cold
weather. In September and October
the moose is often surprised and
shot wading in the lakes and rivers,
feasting on the roots of water plants.
While pursuing the moose, the hunter % can distinguish between the
tracks of the male and the female, for
the male leaves round tracks and
(those ot the  female  are somewhat
pointed. Fredericton, Havelock, New-
1 castle. Batburst, Campbeilton and
j Perth are good starting points.
A   graceful   antlered   monarch   of
i New Brunswick  is the caribou.   He
| weighs about 600 lbs. on an average.
I It is a delightful sight to watch him
j stride at a waiting rate, or trot, or
I gallop   over   the   country.   A    full
: grown caribou stands from four and
1 a half to live feet in height.   Of this
i animal  there are  two  varieties,  the
j woodland   and   the   barren   ground
I species.    The woodland is somewhat
I taller than the other and its color is
I darker about the body, but the horns
j are lighter.   It is generally found in
herds  of  about  half  a  dozen.   The
barren   ground   caribou   travels   in
large  herds,  and   its  coat  ts  light.
This kind Is noted for its migratory
habits. In New Brunswick the places
where   the   hunters   are   likely   to
achieve the  best results are North
West Mlramichl, Restlgouche, Upsal-
qulteh,     Nepislgult,     and     Tobique
Rivers. The starting points for these
areas   are   Newcastle,   Campbeilton,
Bathuret, Chatham and Perth, all of
which are reached by the Edmunds-
ton Branch of the Canadian Pacific.
There are  few localities in  New
Brunswick where a deer may not be
located.    Like  the  moose  and   the
caribou  he gives those who follow
him   an   interesting   and   pleasant
sport.
Sportsmen d��sirous of hunting th��
big game of New Brunswick may secure good accommodation at the
homes of their guides. Good hotela
and boarding houses are also available.
The season for the hunting of the
moose, caribou, and deer opens on
September luth and continues to November 30th. Shooting on Sunday is
prohibited by law. Non-resident
hunters must be accompanied by a
licensed guide. The license to kill
one bull moose, one bull caribou, and
two deer costs a bona fide resident
of the province $3 and a non-resident
JG0. Hunting with hounds is forbidden.
This year the opening of the big
game season was marked by the exhibition for sale on the St. John market of moose and deer meat In recent times there has been a considerable reduction in tbe number of
males amongst the larger New Brunswick game, and tbe people are becoming alive to the necessity for being more careful. ��� Indiscriminate
shooting is being checked to some
extent at all events, and it has been
suggested that the sale of the meat
of big game on the markets should
be stopped to discourage the hunter
wbo hunts tor the purpose of making
money.
:-,  .
���
Ii
. - EIGHT
Wit ��tatt .mr&
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1916
WM. DICK LIMITED
OVERCOATS
The style you want at a price you
are glad to pay; $15, $20, $25,
and upwards to $40.    ....
GREATER VALUES IN SUITS at $16.50
BETTER SUITS AT $20, $25, $30, and $35
CALL AND INSPECT OUR MAMMOTH STOCK
WM. DICK, Ltd.
33���47���49 HASTINGS ST. E., VANCOUVER
r
Nabob
cqffeI
Serve
NABOB Coffee
Every member of the family���and your guests will appreciate
the uniform goodness of NABOB COFFEE.
NABOB is grown on the world's greatest coffee plantations.
It is packed in sealed, air-tight  containers  to   retain  its  full
strength���until the last portion is used. *���
*
Order NABOB COFFEE today sure.
COFFEE
THAT MAKES YOU
ASK FOR MORE
is made only
on the
Electric
Percolator
The only sure way of getting perfect coffee is on
this handy "Cook by Wire" appliance, that begins to
percolate a moment or two after you connect it to the
lamp socket.
The percolator has half a dozen uses, such as for
boiling water, making tea and so forth.
No household should be without one.
Carrall and Hastings 1138 Granville Street
< Phone Seymour 5000
-TRVlNr-
RAIL TICKETS TO ALL POINTS
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Lints
C. E. Jenney, O. A. P. D.
PkoMi Soy. S1S4
W. O. Connolly, C. P. W.
���       II! Otuvillo Stroot
Standard Editor Falls
Before Charms of Sunnyside, B. C.
i'fi $ t- * 'r * 'Jr * ���
HOPES TO HAVE A HAND NEXT SUMMER
TEARING OUT SOME BRITISH COLUMBIA
STUMPS ON TWENTY-TWO ACRES BACK OF
IOCO,  A   NEW   CITY   ON   BURRARD   INLET
j^HREE years ago Sunnyside was a wilderness. When
^"^ the loggers got through with the valley ii was a thousand acres or more of as wild a country as you could find
in British Columbia.
1? Sunnyside is in the Dominion Railway belt and lies about
a mile back from the north shore of Burrard Inlet, beyond
ihc port of Toco, which is about ten miles from the Evans
and Coleman dock in Vancouver.
ff Three years ago the' Pederal Government decided to
throw the land open to pre-emption. There was a rush
of the land-hungry���we had sou]) kitchens in Vancouver
three years ago. Some sat on the court-house steps at New
Westminster for days. Tt didn't take long* for the people
to gobble up Sunnyside.
tf One man from the STANDARD office took up a trad in
Siinnvsidc. Tie was a pressman, Mr. Gales Johnson. Gales
gpt twenty acres up there and went back and forth every
hight and morning from the shop and homesteaded the
property. Now he has it practically in his own right and
is independent for life.
tf I was over Sunnyside three years ago and I made a return journey last week with Gales. The Government since
built a splendid road up from the dock, which is just a few
minutes beyond loco. We walked up the road and in thirty
minutes we were at the Johnson ranch.
tf Gales has three acres cleared, a small house built and
grows enough food on that three acres to keep his family.
So -what he earns from us at the STANDARD is, or soon
will be, clear velvet to Mr. Gales.
If Up the road we found a dozen properties much like that
which Gales homesteaded. Some were in a better condition of cultivation and some were not so far advanced.
Energetic, ambitious men were settled all along the road.
f Through Sunnyside, where the bears still roam and make
off with an odd chicken or young pig, the laughter of little
children and the crowing of roosters ring out with the
sound of the hammer and the saw.
tf No government assistance to these plucky homesteaders.
No. grants of money. No inducements further than free
land. And here they were turning that place into a little
agricultural empire.
fl And only eleven miles from Vancouver.
fl Every homesteader we visited we found in good spirits
and happy and contented.      True, the British Columbia
stumps were hard to pull���but what is worth anything is
worth trying for.
fl Here were the pioneers in the valley going through the
same experiences as our grandfathers and grandmothers
in Ontario and the other eastern provinces one hundred
years ago.
fl When they told me that l;he sun stayed longer in the
valley than in any other valley in the country, sticking
there from the time he shoved his nose over the Cascades
until he set behind Vancouver Island, I frankly coveted one
of the properties.
fl ''There's a piece down here, two places from mine," said
Gales; "it's the best piece in Sunnyside, twenty-two acres,
and the man who staked it has gone away to the States.
You can get it by paying the improvements and six dollars
an acre and four years to pay for it."
fl So the next morning found me at the land office at New
Westminster. The land is mine and T move on in the spring,
if all goes well.
fl You see it's only ten or eleven miles from Vancouver,
on a good road, and the B. C. Telephone Company promises
to put in a phone. And the cost of living is still going up.
Besides the land will grow anything���the other fellows
have proved that out. ���G. M. M.
fl P.S.���This is not a real estate ad.���G. M. M.
TABLE
THE   CANADIANS   AT   YPRES
'Ihis story written from the battle-
line b) Major Becles Wilson, ought
to he- in the- liiiiuls nf every Canadian.
It is not merely a description of llie
battle or of the horrors of the war.
Ii is a fine'unfoldment of characteristics in men, and how these exert
themselves e.en in the struggle of
strife is clearly portrayed in the episodes and sketches, Hut the book
docs describe the battle, from the
formation of tbe Ypres salient in the
autumn of 1914, when the 7th Division and thc 3rd Cavalry Division
marched through Ypres and penetrated to a point six miles beyond
tbe allied front and ran north and
south.
The most terrible of battles raged
there from the 20th October to 11th
November, 1914. Six months later
that point and the German lines had
learnt to know and value the Canadian contingents.
There were a series of battles here.
But here is one whose description we
cannot pass over.
The German effort along the Canadian front was overwhelming. It
deafened the ear, paralysed thc nerves
and darkened the firmament. "High
walls of descending shells screaming,
crashing, exploding, clouds of smoke
shot off all chance of escape. . . Iron
and steel missies scattered death and
destruction. . . . By a miracle only
our men held on," then tbe enemy
advanced, thinking they would have
no fighting more to do. At first
they were opposed by a handful of
wild-cyedi soldiers in the first line,
who had escaped death, lint then instantly the Canadians rushed forward
and it is the deeds of these heroic.
Canadians so early in the war that
Major Wilson relates with pathos and
fervor, but with the truthfulness of
life. There are beautiful episodes
through the book.   Here is one:
When the Canadians began their
famous counter-attack, two of their
men were hit by the same bullet, one
in the face and one in the arm. They
lay side by side���and quarreled. An
officer came up and asked what was
the quarrel about. One soldier claimed warmly that the bullet was his and
he wanted it as a souvenir because,
he said, he was the first hit by it.
The other man insisted the bullet was
his by right, as it had stuck in him���
he had the possession of it, and pos
session, he claimed, was nine points
of the law in that case. Could sou
venir humbug go further?
After lhe great battle thc Guards
relieved the Canadians, and one of
the Guards said: "The Canadians���
ves, sir���By God, we lake off our
hats to them! I tell you what, sir,
they're men. They saved thc salient.
�� * *
Now here is another book worthy
of Canadians.
GIVEN IN MARRIAGE
f For PRINTING ��� THE STANDARD - Sey. 470
UNION STEAMSHIP CO. of B.C. Limited
THE   BRITISH   COLUMBIA   COAST   HAS   BEEN   DESCRIBED
AS THE EIGHTH WONDER OF THE WORLD
A VOYAGE
"North by West in the Sunlight"
IN ONE OF OUR
Eight Vessels "8" in Regular Service
WILL HELP YOU TO REALISE THIS TRUTH
Apply to our Publicity Department for brochures "Outward Bound"
and "North by West In the Sunlight," and particulars on Special fares,
Hotel Accommodation and Tariffs, etc.
Head Offices and Wharfi riflOIf DOCK, FOOT OF CARRALL STREET
Take Car to Columbia Avenue' Phon* Seymour tOI
i hi   . ,��� j i   i       ii    11 i .      i 11 i
honest lawyer. So tliere is; and in
unriddling  llie   mystery  of an   honest
lawyer���a fencra or species of the
professional world which no one ever
thought to exist either in tbe past Or
thc present generation���the reader is
brought into happy relationship with
many types of character. The evolutionary narrative is picturesquely
related with that easy flow of language which while sketching in bold
outline, never fails to impart the culminating charm by the necessary
graphic details.
Ridley is phenomenal iu other respects than as an honest lawyer, for
he has a tongue which often makes
his room more pleasant than his
company. He has few friends, and
his intimates find his smooth speech
can raise blisters. Here is a typical
instance of his methods of achieving
what he wanted.
He had a young clerk named Fian-
der, a tow-haired youth with a womanish mouth and pale, blue eyes.
"Kiander," he said "go and ask Mrs.
Charming to give you my shaving
mirror."
The youth obeyed and presented
the glass to his employer, who pushed
it aside.
I don't want it man!    Look in it
yourself."
Fiander did so and saw a very pink
face looking at him.
"Well?"
"Well, sir?"
"Find yourself a handsome fellow?"
The clerk was understood to mur-
mer he had never  thought about it.
"Don't  upset   theories.   You  ougbl
to be the best looking fellow alive!"
"I'm afraid I don't follow you, sir."
"One has got to bc either useful or
good to look at in this world, Fian-
der.   Have I made it clear?"
Undoubtedly he had. The young
clerk went back to his high stool
and Ridley had not need to complain
afterwards of his lack of application.
Lawyer Ridley, as can be surmise',
did not think small beer of hims. li.
And on the very day he bad castigated Fiander. he received an offer "I
marriage from a lady, so much abou-
him socially that she thought the
emanation of thc proposal from her
was in no way a derogative from her
dignity. Ridley, in spite of tlic desirability of the proposal, sent a verbal reply that he "would think it oyer"���tbe usual phrase with the lawyer
fraternity. How lie suffered for this
outpouring of. his "no-small-beerism,"
and bow he eventually had to woo anil
then wed the lady is exquisitely told.
Mrs. Ben Croker's stories of Indian life arc among the fascinating
books of narrative literature. "Given
in Marriage" is another of them, and
in cvery way it is on a level with its
precursors, but wc think the'reader
will  conclude it is much  superior.
These books arc not overstrained,
they tell the daily doings of every-
lay people who become picturesque
more by their Indian setting than
from any quality of themselves.
In (lie present story the doings of
the heroine become less and less interesting as she recedes from "India's coral strand." The story emanates from and centres around a
coffee plantation of English folk, and
thc little girl is first seen as the light
of her father's life. Then a Captain
Mayne visits the plantation. Intimacy ensues, the father is cordial and
aids Mayne in his conquest of the
maiden heart. But fate interposed a
catastrophe in which the father saved
Mayne's life at the cost of his own.
The girl, owing to the loss of her
father, hates Mayne in return, and
just how Mayne eventually won her
love and how they spent an ideal
life is beautifully told.
...
AN HONEST LAWYER
Two books on the war have been
donated to the public library by his
Honor Judge Howay. They are:
"Canada in Flanders," by Sir Ma*
Aitken, and "Essays on Naval Defence," hy P. H. Coleombc.
One of the recent books which
comes before us with a strange, paradoxical clang in its title or name is
the novel by G. V. McFadden���An
Honest Lawyer. But the lawyer
himself, around whose personality
centres the most interesting of stories, is named Ridley, thus inferring
that there is something of a riddle or
something to un-riddle in Ridley, the
WANTED ��� PUBLIC SCHOOL
graduates or high school students to
take shorthand or business courses
and pay for same from salary earned
after graduation. Only a limited
number accepted on this plan. Apply
at once in own handwriting to
Success Business College, Vancouver, B. C.
"SAl'l-i     FOR     IIAIIIES"
The Food
Value of Milk
The prlee you pay for SOU-
VAN MILK la tririlns: compared
with the eost of other animal
products possessing; equal food
value.
One quart of milk has been
proved by eminent doctors and
medical authorities to be equal
In food value to the Items mentioned below:
These figures speak for themselves:
3-4  lb. of PRIME BEEF, at
25c per lb 18c
8 EGGS, at 60c per dozen 40c
3  lbs. of FRESH COD FISH,
at 10c per lb 30c
2 lbs. of CHICKEN, at 30c lb. OOc
11-3 lbs. OYSTERS, say  BOc
4-6 lb. of LOIN OF PORK, at
26c per lb. 20c
3-6 lb. HAM, at 40c per lb...24c
Average, 34!_c.
It Is easy now for you to realize that SOU-VAN MILK IS ONE
OF THE CHEAPEST FOODS
YOU. CAN   BUY.
Here's milk that is safe for
your baby and the growing children���clean fresh, rich milk that
is delivered in sterilized bottles.
TRY   ALSO   SOU-VAN   CREAM
Phono   I'ntrmonl        2624
for a Trial Bottle       ^^
SOU-VAN MILK
(South Vancouver Milk Co.)
29TH    AVE,    and    PHASER    ST.
fl For PRINTING ��� THE STANDARD ��� Sey. 470 fl

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