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The Standard Feb 17, 1917

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Array QBol. V, No. 42���Established 1911
Price Five Cents
A Good Man Gone
II". HONORABLE RALPH SMITH died a poor man
ijp far as the world's gopds are concerned: an exceed-!
iiigly rich man in that lie left the world much better Mian
'A hen he entered it.
'   At eleven years of age he worked   in   collieries   in   the
North of England, and from that time on he seenis to have
followed a straight, honest course.   As a young man he
helped in the freeing of the coal diggers of England from
lhe tyranny of thc coal barons.    Ile improved his mind in i
his spare moments so that he became quite a leader amongl
the other workmen as a youth.    He was industrious antl I
far-seeing and clean-living.   And it was only natural that
he should select for his wife the talented and useful woman,
the story of whose loyalty and assistance lo him throughout makes one of the beautiful chapters in the history of
this province.
1j They say it isn't possible for a poor man to go into public
life in Canada and remain honest. The record'of Ralph
Smith seems to prove that this is not the case. He had been
in the public life uf the Province for twenty years or more,
through political successes and defeats. We have heard
no one even suggest that any mark can be put against
Ralph Smith's name. He was in Ottawa during those
booming years in the history of Canada when men made
money easy���those years when the west was developing
and to make a million was a comparatively easy matter for
a politician on the right side of the fence. Through it all
Ralph Smith came, head up. looking the whole world in
the eye.
If Ralph Smith was a wonderful man as a politician, be:
cause he held a grip on his followers merely through his
kindly, generous manner and hi.s consistent support of the
great principles of democracy. Politics sometimes becomes
���a game where all manner of influences are brought to bear.
From the first time that Ralph Smith appeared as a candidate on Vancouver Island, he constantly fought organizations looking oftimes to their own profit rather than the
country's good. Through it all, he kept the faith and held
his people, together. He had no use for what: is called machine politics. Though opposed to the patronage system,
he recognized that if gootl work Was to be done, men must
be given some recognition for time and energy spent in advancing worthy policies. He believed that any supporter
��� if the party who was honest and competent should be given
a chance when appointments to public positions were being made. He believed that the goodwill of the party must
be kept up in the country's interest. He believed that men
in private business favored tlieir friends, when costs and
quality were equal. It was only natural, he believed, that
this should apply in the management of the business of the
'I fn his public life Ralph Smith did not thrust himself lo
lhe front. Probably he was too much of a retiring nature.
Better if he had boldly pressed forward, perhaps. But he
abhorred too much aggressiveness, particularly among
young politicians, lie believed that men should win their
spurs and prove their ability ami usefulness; as for himself,
he was prepared lo go slowly iu lhe good old British way.
'I Some of Ralph Smith's best friends were opposed t" him
politically. As an example of. this. Vancouver people will
remember the reference made to him by the Premier of
Canada when he spoke here previous to the bye-election,
in which Mr. Smith was a candidate. Sir Robert Borden's
kindly words helped much in rolling up for the Minister
of Finance the great majority on polling clay.
If Though he achieved fame in the public life of Canada,
it is likely that the real greatness of Ralph Smith rested in
the fact that he was first of all a good citizen. His habits
were good, his tastes simple.   He paid his debts.
*f He was a regular attendant at church, and at times himself took the pulpit. His cheerfulness, good humor and
happy outlook on life went along with his religion. He
reared and educated one daughter and four boys, who have
grown up to be healthy and industrious people, highly- respected and splendid citizens. One of the boys lies in a military hospital in England, suffering from wounds received
on the Western Front.
If Some idea of the esteem in which the Hon. Ralph Smith
was held by British Columbia may be drawn from the fact
that upon the announcement of his passing, every newspaper in British Columbia, without regard to political leaning, devoted much space to the expression of the public
grief. [ Municipal bodies, boards of trade and political bodies paid tribute to his memory. At no time in the history
of thisjProvince has the death of a prominent citizen aroused sucjh widespread sorrow.
carried by the P. and G. li.. to the great profit of the gentleman who aspires to represent Cariboo in the Commons
Chamber at Ottawa.
r This contract amounts to $125,000 a year we are informed. It is held by the Inland Express Company, of which
J. T. Robinson is the owner.
r W'e are creditably informed that it costs in thc neighborhood of $1000 a month to send the mail to all the points
served by the Inland Express.,
;' Therefore, though |. T. Robinson will miss the salary
paid to him as a safety first recruiting officer, he will be
able to amble along someway with the $60.00 a day from
his mail contract.
The late Honorable Ralph Smith, fiftti jStef of ^Finance, whose sudden death
has shocked the Prov ince of British Columbia
Let A Real Tribute Be Paid To Ralph
Smith's Memory
T.\ choosing a successor to the late Minister of Finance
in the City of Vancouver riding, let the Liberals carry
themselves in a way honorable to the memory of the leader
who has gone.
\, Let the Old Guard and the Liberal League get together
in selecting a number of men to go before a Liberal Convention who are acceptable to both sides.
If If a Convention is necessary, let it be brought on in the
regular way, representatives of all branches of the party���
and the ladies, too���occupying places on the floor of the
1f Let the candidate of a united Liberal party be chosen at
that Convention, and let all sections benefit from some of
the lessons taught in Vancouver during the past few
months on "How not to keep the standard of true Liberalism at the masthead."
Here's a Man Who Should Be Encouraged
fflfR. A. C. FERRERA used to have a restaurant round
^^ the corner on Robson Street. He served the best food
in town and at a reasonable price. He used to put up a bit
of cheese with apple pie which caught the fancy of all the
boys. This cheese Mr. Ferrera used to make with his own
: hands.
T The restaurant has lately been closed up and Mr. Ferrera is off to the country, back to the land. He has three
acres at Chilliwack and is going in for making cheese. He
has made arrangements with Berry and Barrow and Mack-
en, and all the other big men at Chilliwack to get a good
supply of fresh milk, and Ferrera is going to lay down the
finest cheese in the world in Vancouver at a price which
will make the California and English manufacturers very
angry.     .......    .     ...... .      ,-..,., ..���     ..., r
<J Mr. Ferrera knows the cheese business. He has had
wide practical experience in Europe and in Canada. During the many years in which he carried on the business of
restaurateur in Vancouver, much of the good food served
upon his tables was food imported into the Province. Mr.
Ferrera is now going to take a hand in the patriotic work
of helping along food production within British Columbia.
His hundreds of friends in Vancouver will join the editor
of the STANDARD in wishing Mr. Ferrera the best of
success in his labors in the rich Chilliwack valley.
���   THE EIGHT HOUR DAY and minimum vv
tail clerks, as outlined bv Mr. William Dick, is
which should be adopted.
age ior re-
the policy
ti RE CHINESE SMELTERS in B. C. as per H. H. Ste-
Carrying the King's Mail Pays J. T. Well
"TTN Cariboo the Conservative candidate fbr Pederal honors is ex-Captain J. T. Robinson. The "ex" is used
advisedly and will be used by the voters of Cariboo more
than in a typographical sense when J. T. tomes forward on
election day.
|. T. Robinson he
A recruiting chap endeavored to be:
But upon due reflection,
At provincial election
I. T. so filled with alarm
That he discarded the King's uniform.
|f With due apologies to the author of the Bigelow papers,
let us proceed to say that the ex-captain has taken on renewed energv since Joe Martin turned his face towards
London. ;"i..j.!'?Pif
.If One of the plums enjoyed by the ex-warrior is a splendid
mail contract from the Federal Government, which netts
him close to $60.00 a day. T. T. carries the mail from Ashcroft out over the rural routes ��� to Pavilion Mountain.
Deadman's Creek; Quesnel and other points.   In places it is
he n
will di
the v'el
low a
I yee   is suggest-ive, bul a In
lcI that the control is not in tl
I "HON A. E. KEMP, who has been recently
says a despatch, "has decided to take the name
Ward Kemp
A hell of a lot of difference that
lei enquiry
ie hands of
of Sir Ed-
' THE FEDERAL G( lYERNMENT. recently granted
the new s distributing service which carries important news
such as this a bonus of $50,000.
j] THE ONLY NEWS we get in the Vancouver dailies
from Eastern Canada comes over this special wire, which
is a monopoly and which like all other Canadian monopolies, unfortunately for this good old Canada, is subsidized
by the Government.
ti'.        it: * *fl If: *|: * :':������        "l- * $
g EVERY TIME VOU SEE a.boost in the paper for Sir
Edward or Robert Rogers. Roblin, Doc Roche, Lord Beav-
erdam or any of the recent growth of Canadian political
lights, remember that yon, the people of British Columbia,
pay the telegraph lolls on the message carrying this free
*        *        _���:        if.        *        *|c        #        _|:        *        _!-        *
f. IT SIMPLY AMOUNTS fo' this; that the press of the
West having fallen pretty much into the hands of private
corporations having dealings with the government, it is
now in order that the government be forced to contribute
directly to the sustenance of the subsidized newspaper
' '   iv y' ' V
Sandy says Ralph Smith wis a Braw
Type o' Man
Weel freens, it wis only last week
that I made the crack in tllis column
that while there micht be some guid
politeeshiaus in Canady, they were
almost as scarce as hen's teeth.
* * *
Weel, I want tae quality that statement a wee bitty���an' I've nae doobt
them o' yae that are sae extraordinarily extravagant���despite the government's injunction tae be ekynomi-
cal���tae still buy a nickle newspaper,
'11 easy jalonse wha I'm gaun tae refer tae.
* * *
Wi' thc passin' o' Ralph Smith,
Vancouver, an British Columby, aye,
an' the whole o' Canady has lost wan
o' its best citizens an' wan o' its
maist respected public men.
�� * *
Wi' thc possible exception o' Brewster himsel, 1 dinnie think there wis
a mare popular man in the newly-
formed cabinet than the late .Minister
o' Finance.
sterlin' honesty in his laudable attempt tae pit them at the service o'
the community. Bul, as yae ken, yer-
sels, freens, there's some fellies wi'
a "bee in their bannet," an' naethin'
but wud iinneriieath it who wud shouthcr an' elby their wey intae positions for which they are totally unfit.
A wee bit gift o' thc gab combined
wi' an unlimited amount o' damned
impidence are tlieir only qualifications.
ft *  *
Ralph wis yin o' the auld schule
o' politeeshiaus, wi' the up-tae-date
ideas. If there's ony man 1 could
compare him wi' it wild be in the late
lamented (but very much misunderstood in these war days) James Keir
Love of Home Brings New Civilization
Yvette Guilbert's Dream of the Highest Usefulness Is to Teach
American Girls the Life Philosophy of the Frenchwoman���That
Great Happiness and Great Art Alike Spring from the Completely Realized Home        :: :: By   Mary   Fanton   Roberts
Of course there's various kinds o'
popularity. There's a big wheen o'
folk who arc described as bein' popular, on accoont o' the power they possess tae mak the ither fellie "bite
the earth'' if they dinnie keep up the
ft ft ft
1 tilers again, have popularity thrust
upon them because o' some political
appintment, or because they were
born wi' a silver spoon in their mooth,
or maybe because o' their moneybags.
tt tt ft
Ralph, again, wis the type o' fellie
that wud seem tae be born popular,
an' couldiile be onything else if he
tried. His geniality an' herty handshake, an' hertier laueh wis sufficient
tae mak a I'ellic feel "at hame'
on first
There wis nane o' yaer studied postures, nanc o' yaer staundoffish "dignity," nae pride (yae ken what kin'
I mean), nae attempt tae cultivate
popularity through "hot air" utterances an claptrap nothiii's���Ralph's nature wis foreign tae that kin' o' thing.
t ft ^ tt
In the daj's afore the Bowser rout
Ralph wis "never happier than when
he wis wan o' thc audience at a meet-
in' which had for its object the airin'
o' some genuine grievance, the advancement o' the principles o' democracy, or 'the cleanin' up o' corruption an' rotten government.
tt * *
In a movement in which I had a
wee bitty peculiar interest mysel, an'
which held a wheen meetin's a year
or so back, I used tae note Ralph's
presence among the audience. As the
various speakers brocht their main
pints afore the audience, an' rammed
hame their facts, the genial face o' the
late minister wud burst forth in a
wreath o' smiles an' a vigorous handclap wud denote the pleasure he had
in helpin' tae pit things richt.
The same open face, the" same
sparklin' eyes, the same honest voice,
the same dour determination tae see
richt iippermaist, the same tone o'
sincerity in the spoken word���besides
thc same liamely, herty gtiicPfellieship
that pervaded the company they happened tae be members u'.
�� * m
The auld country lost wan o' its
best sons when Keir Hardie deid, an'
Canady bemoans Smith in nae less
# * *
Mis appintment as .Minister o' Finance in Brewster's cabinet wis voted
as perhaps the best appintment that
had ever been made tae that office.
In the deplorable state British Columby found hersel at the termination
o' the Bowser-.YIcBride regime, mthe
questyin supreme above a' wis hoo
British Columby wis gaun tae pull
hersel out the financial morass.
Ralpjis dathe within a few months
o' his appintment is a token o' the
wey he went aboot his allotted task.
Too big a man tae think he "kent it
a'," Ralph wis only too anxious tae
consult an' tak advice frae ithers that
he knew were qualified tae assist.
But for his untimely dathe I'm sure
the forthcoming sessionV.' the provincial legislature wud hae seen lhe
dawn o' a new era in the financial
problem o' British Columby.
* * *
Afore I feenish, f Wild jist like tae
add a word in token o' esteem an' offer my sinccrest condolences tae his
grief-stricken wife.
Mrs. Ralph Smith disnie need ony
introduction tae Vancouver folk. In
fact it wud be an extremely wise man
that could say which o' the twa���
man or wife���wis the maist popular.
The auld sayin' that "he wis bom for
her an' her for him" wis truly appropriate in the case o' Mr. and Mrs.
Ralph Smith.
Mine.   Yvette   Guilbert     is   a   bom
home-maker. She believes ibat women should be taught to sing; that
they should be taught housework at
the same lime lhat they are taught to
sing; that they should be taught tn
cook at the same time they are taught
the art and history of their country.
She does not believe that it is beneath the dignity of a woman to work
n the fields, to take care of her own
children, to take care of her husband,
at the same time that she makes herself charming, a delightful companion and an interested, appreciative
lover of art.
She agrees with Rodin that "work
must bc the foundation of every kind
of education that matters"; thai the
rich young girl is not well educate 1 if
she does not know how lo work, and
that the poor young girl is likely to
be a failure unless she bc a g'jod
housekeeper. But she would not be
satisfied for a moment with anyone
who regarded housework as drudgery.
In a recent talk to a group of young
girls, Mine. Guilbert said:
"It is not enough that you work,
that you know how to cook and seV-
and make your own charming jkii'den
���you must like tn do it. All daily,
useful, happy occupations should have
in them also the element of happiness.
1 like that my own life is always a-
musing and no one knows more a_
bout work than I do, But work is
never dull; it cannot be dull if you
understand its importance. '��� shall
always work, all my life. If some
day 1 may no longer sip.-;, then I
shall knit or sew or work in my garden; and 1 shall knit and sew find
work with great delight and I shall
find these occupations always happy
ones, full of amusement "
Mine. Guilbert says these things as]
a practical worker. She knows how tot
do all the essential, delightful liomc-
aking things herself, and she knows
how to teach others to do them.
Whenever she has had a spare moment in her busy life, she had at once
made herself a teacher.
"In Paris, before the war," Mine.
Guilbert said, "I had a little school of
manners for poor children. 1 did not
tell them very much about books, although I should have enjoyed tloing
so, but I gave them an education in
humanity. I taught them how to be
happy, to work, to find life amusing,
to help their mothers and sisters, to
love work and enjoy the world, and
these children wen: so happy in our
little school, they enjoyed so much
earning courtesy, and housework and
ntlcncss  that   they   were   quite  sail
solve  all   the  other  problems
as they are presented lo her.
seems  very terrible
if  lift
* * ��
Oftentimes  at  they  meetin's���they
were in connection wi' the Dominyin
Trust robbery ��� I kent fine Ralph
could hae "set the heather on fire"
had the committee asked him tae address the audience���an' I'm sure he
wudnie hae faltered in gien soond advice had he been requested.
* * *
But Ralph wis never yin tae "push
himsel forrit." I doobt I'll hae tae
qualify mysel here again. Yae ken,
freens, there's twa or three brands o'
ambcetion. I hae nae quarrel wi'
the  man  o'   pairts  an'  capacity  an'
B_.rri_.ter>, Solicitor!, Etc.
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.
Maybe yaell min' o' that meetin' in
Nanaimo no' very long ago, when a
heckler interrupted Mrs. Smith durin' a speech an' asked her if she endorsed certain statements, alleged tae
have been made by her husband on
the i>rohibeeshion questyin, Dis-
claimin' ony knowledge o' the alleged
statements, Mrs. Smith completely
obliterated the questioner when she
remarked "that she had yet to know
when it was necessary to apologise
for Ralph Smith tae onybody."
There's a lot mare than even britherly
love in a statement o' that nature.
I Gee whiz, I wudnie like tae hae been
that qucstyincr. I wish it had been
:.     a    *
Naw, freens, the only fault I can
fin' wi' Ralph���an' it's a serious thing
in a' consequence���wis the fact that
he wis born sooth o' the Tweed an'
wis therefore a bally Henglishman
an' a fellie-countryman o' Shakespeare���an'���an' Felix Penne, an* ither
sic like mortals.
Yours through the heather,
when  the vacation  time     came.
they went sorrowfully away to other I
kinds of work and play.
"I believe wc shall have a new kind
f civilization when our young girls
learn to do housekeeping and home-
making, anil love to do it. 1 don't like
the way here in America you separate
work from play. Some girls must do
all the  work,  some all the  play, and
"It seems very terrible to me that
in America we cannot associate charm
of manner, pretty clothes, delightful
companionship ��� and housework. I
believe ihey are absolutely compatible.
"In France all our young girls like
pretty clothes. They should like
them. All young people should want
to be pretty and charming, but it is
just as essential to want pretty homes
and lo want to know how to make
them pretty and charming. Joy and
beauty help to make life amusing,
but if you center your attention in
life on them, existence will be terribly incomplete.
"What every young girl should
want and is entitled to is a beautifully
rounded existence. She should want
to know���in time���all things; experience all emotions; she should know
how to suffer bravely and rejoice gayly. She should have a gay youth, and
prepare herself for an intelligent middle age. and a satisfied old age that
comes with  realized achievements.
"In my own country a woman desires to live with her children, to
know them well; she wants to see
their natures unfold; she wants to be
their teacher, their helper. Thus
French mothers become very intimate
with their children.
"I believe lhat there can be no great
progress in civilization unless young
people arc taught to recognise the responsibility as well as the joy of life,
and this, I believe, makes for a greater
art as well as a greater comfort.
"If I could ever have the.opportunity of establishing a school, 1 should
want to teach 'my children' so that
each one would become a benefit to
the world. I should help them to
want great home beauty, to want to
bring into 'their homes joy and .-ui-
ture and loVeliness. I should want
them to sing in this school, and dance,
to declaim, to sew, to meet their
friends. I should prepare Ihem for
the fullest realization of what home
life can be.
"I should want children and young
girls and young women, all people
who are interested in the work I of
home-making and the full amusement
of it.
"And young men, Ihey may come,
too, because they must contribute to
home life. 1 think I like special evenings for young men to come and
talk to me, though T should really talk-
to them.
"And then the young married worn"-"
en would come on other evenings, and
I would talk of the wonderful opportunities life holds for them.
"It would all he. I think, jusl a
school for home-making, for happiness, but through this school all
things that are beautiful and kind and
���wholesome would bc found, and we
Should ,all be immensely gay because
work is not possible without happiness.
interest; that she would be thc.gOOd
housekeeper, the maker of bread, lhe
designer of comfortable clothes, that
children in her house would never lack
for education, or for sympathy: her
husband for understanding and companionship. She has, unconsciously
perhaps, developed within herself
those very qualities necessary for the
new civilization which she is so eager
that the young people of the world
should have.
I cannot imagine any situation in a
home that she could not master. She
has had the all-round training, the experience that makes the complete woman. I am sure that she would never
I for one moment consent to a mere
life of drudgery; for she believes that
singing, art, delightful manners, happy social intercourse, home-making,
and when one speaks of her as an ideal home-maker, it is never with,the
sordid side of life in .mind.
It is an anomaly from her point of
view���an absolute wrong���that there
should be a sordid side to home-
making. With the intelligence of the
young people in America today, the
kind of education given them, the willingness of the parents to allow them
to develop along lines, home-making
should become the supreme achievement of youth.
It has been said that thc French
woman is the super-woman, the woman of the greatest mental, physical
and spiritual development, and the
more one listens to Mme. Guilbert
talk, the more often one hears her
songs, the more completely one realizes that art cannot be separated from
hmrianity and that only the most completely developed human being can
express tin' greatest art.     '
And wc agree with Yvette Guilber
when she says that art is deeply en
tangled iu the right kind of home HlV
ible Title to the above - mentioned
Innds. re-peetively. In the name of
AXD WHEREAS on investigating
the titles it appears that prior to the
.'.th day of July, 101.1 (the date on
which Ihe said lands were sold for
overdue taxes), you D. Diya Singh.
Mnstah Singh and Karl Sinjrh were the
registered owners of Lots 111 nnd 20.
and vou. Dignn Singh, were the assessed owner of Lots 111 and 20. and
you, Howard Smyth, were the assessed
owner of Lot 32.
the same lime I shall effect registration in pursuance of such applications,
and Issue Certificates of Indefeasible
Title to the said lands In the name of
units* you take and prosecute Ihe proper proceedings to establish your
��� ���taint. If any, to tlie suld lands,' or to-
prevent sueh proposed action on my
Dated nt Ihe Land Registry Office.
Vancouver, Ti. C, this fifth dny of January, A.D., 1917.
District Registrar.
To D. Dlyn Singh, Mastan Singh, Har_
Singh,  Dlgna Singh,  Howard Smyth.
The date of the  first publication or
this notice is 27th January, 1917.
''iV,-*"., KK<"��STItY   ACT.
���Sections .lit and  134.)
 .,unp   .1,.   ail'     _^	
ReAppUcatjon No. 31047 "I."    j, I !
TlAllir.lt SAMO X 850
Sealed tenders will bt* received by
tbe Minister of Lands not inter tb��n
noon on the uxth day of February,
1017, i'or tin- purchase of Licence X 860,
to cut -11.;,000 feet of DoUfflafl Fir and
250.000 teet of Cedar on an ana situated on .Tervis Inlet, adjoining Lot li.'iOX,
x. W. rv *
One   (1)   year   will   be ���allowed   for
removal   nf  timber.
Further partieulars,of th
ester,  Vieloria,   IJ.  C.
Birter t^x Va ncouver, J
....  Chief Kor-
Dlfctlid   Fnr-
TAKE NOTICE ol' tbe intention of
Summers nnd Ford Limited to apply
to tbe HeMiritrar of Joint Stock Com-
panlea for tlie change of name of tlie
Company to it. S. Ford (Jomjmnv Limited.
Dated at Vancouver this 11th day of
January,  1 r-17.
A. O. ROUIXSOX. Secretary.'
Mercantile Hufldinpr, Vancouver,. B.C.
T.1KK NOTtCE Hint thirty days after the first appearance of this Notice
the Canadian Transport and Adjustment Company, Limited, intends to apply under Section IS of tbe Companies'
Act to change the present name of the
Company to "Pony Express Company,
Dated at Vancouver, British Columbia, this 16th day of January, A.D.,
i tion
DI]v���n��� l, BV Sapper.   Price $1.25.
RHYMES OF A RED CROSS MAN.   By Robert Service.   Price $1
BOOK       il G-   A-   FORSYTH   &   CO
SHOP        S
Corner Homer and Hastings St.
1 am sure that those who do the work i I ,
i young people
are lhe most fortunate.
"I believe that every detail in the
making of a home can be made perfectly delightful to young people.
There is great amusement and great
happiness In making a home, in knowing how lo make it. Every girl should
know  how to do all the  things  that
take a home charming, and she
should find happiness and amusement
in doing them.
She should be trained to create
about her It's petits luxes de la vie���
dancing, sewing, declamation, knitting, dressmaking, to make a lamp
shade if she chooses, or her own hat,
her own dress, her children's clothes',
nursing, that her baby may always be
in health; interior decorating, that
her house may bc elegant; singing,
that she may be gay; the other arts
as she may incline to them; cooking,
that comfort may come to her family.
"And through all these things she
will be bound to gain a knowledge of
life, of humanity, and if she is taught
arigh* she will one day enjoy the creation of her own home, and if she is
happy she will be amused. And so
you see what a perfect circle my theory makes���through work to amusement and by way of amusement back-
to work.
"My life has been led just along
these lines. I believe f have had everything in it ��� happiness, sorrow,
success, love, fortune, a capacity for
work, a capacity for amusement, and
out of it all I have learned that to be
happy one must solve the problem of
love, health and labor. An education
should revolve around these three
great problems as the pivot; for the
sum total of feminine effort should
be the completely realized home. A
woman without humanity cannot create a home, and a woman with it can
'Phis happiness cannot be given to
The. richest father, thc
most devoted mother, cannot give lhe
'real future home' to their daughters;
it must bc born in the spirit of the
young people themselves. And the
greatness of your nation must depend
Upon the kind of home each young
American  woman creates for herself.
"1 believe lhat this new civilisation
that we have 111 mind will come just
as' soon as American youth really
wiinl beauty in all thc details of their
lives, and if they want this they musl
prepare themselves for it. They must
be educated for successful home-makers, and your progress as a nation
must be in exact ratio to the value of
the home each young American woman is capable of creating for herself
and her family.
"For instance, in my own work 1
could not be satisfied just to sing
some pretty songs to some kind
friends. 1 want to feel that through
my art I am contributing to the civilization of the world. 1 like to feel
that I am like the ancient troubadour
who wanders from one land to another instilling into each nation the love
and respect for its own art by celebrating in songs the manifold beauties of universal art.
"It is In the songs of France that
the entire national history is to be
found, the history of her soil, her
Heroism, her brain, her heart���the
apoeosis, in short, of a race that exhibits the reserve of serious and courteous strength, which can crown life
with roses or bow to death with
Mme. Guilbert. in talking either
with young people or with old. gives
one immediately the impression of
an immensely capable woman. You
feel  that whatever emergency should
IN     THE     1IATTEI!     OF
No. 31236 T ���     ^^^^^_
��� und ���
IN* TII10 MATTER OF Lots Two (2),
nnd Thirty-seven (37), South hull' uf
Block Eight (8), District Lot Fifty
(BO), Municipality of Smith Vancouver. Map -"io.*..
T.'- KK" NOTICE"thru" amplication )_*-.
been made lo register George Gordon
Hushby as owner under a Tax Sale
Deed from Collector of Corporation or
District of South Vancouver, bearing-
date the 31st dav of October, 1(116. of
ALL AND SINGULAR that certain parcel or tract of land and premises situate, lying, and being In tho Municipality of South Vancouver, more particularly known and described as Lot
eleven (11), Block five (J), North-Bant
qurtrter of District Lot Three Hundred
and   thirty-six   (336),  Mup Hit.
You are required to contest the claim
of the tax purchaser within 45 day*
from the date of the service of this notice (which may be effected by publication In five weekly Issues of the
South Vancouver "Standard"), and
your attention Is called to section 3I��
of the "Land Registry Act" with amendments, and to the following extract therefrom:���'and In default of a
caveat or certificate of lis pendens-
filed before the registration as owner
of lhe person entitled under such tax
sale, all persons so served with notice.
. . . and those claiming through or under them, and all persons claiming any
interest In the land hy virtue of any
unregistered Instrument, and all persons claiming any interest in Ihe land
by descent whose title is not registered
under the provisions of this Act, shall
he for ever estopped and debarred
from selling up any dltiim to or in respect of the hind so sold for taxes, and
the Registrar snail register the person entitled tinder such tax sale as
owner of the land so sold for tuxes."
AND WHEREAS application has-
been made I'or a Certificate of Indefensible Title to Ihe above-mentioned
lends, In (he name of George Gordon
AXD WHEREAS on Investigating-
the title it appears (hut prior to the
2Sth dny of July, 11115 (the dale on
Which the snld lands were sold for
overdue taxes), you were the assessed
owner (hereor.
further take Notice mat at
the same time I shall effect registration in pursuance of Such application
and issue a Certificate1 of indefeasibl..
Title to the said lands In the name of
George GordoU Hushby, unless you
take and prosecute the proper proceedings tn establish your claim, if
any. to the said lands, or to prevent
such proposed action on my part
Dated at lite Land Registry Off!,..-.
Vancotver, Tt. O., tliis 8(h day of January, A.D.,  11)17.
District Registrar of Tit'
To (Mr
le   .ill
Rosie Huntinger. ^^^^^^^^
e of the first publication  of
e is January. 20. 1017
TAKE NOTICE lhat George Selby R.
Terry,    of   Vancouver,   newspaperman.
Intends   lo   apply    for   permission    to
tease  the  following described   lands:
Commencing1 at a post planted at Ihe
month of a small creek on the south
shore of Hecate Island about one mile
from thc south-west angle of that island, Ihence north eighty chains.
thence west eighty chains, thence
south eighty chains, thence east eighty
chains, to lhe point of commencement.
010 acres more or less.
DATED   November  0.   1016.
WHEREAS application has been
made for a Certificate of Indefeasible
Title to tlie above-menlioned lands, in
AND WHEREAS ion investigating
the title it appeal's lhat you were the
holder of a right to purchase Lot 2,
under an unregistered Agreement i'or
Sale,  dated    5th  January,   1013:
NOW THEREFORE I hereby give
you notice that it Is my Intention til
the expiration of fourteen (14) days
from tiie service on you of this notice
(which may be effected hy publication
in the "Standard" for five consecutive
iHHues) to effect registration in pursuance of the said application, free from
the above-mentioned Agreement for
Sale, unless you take and prosecute
proper proceedings to establish your
claim, il any, to the said lands, or to
prevent such proposed action on my
DATED at the Land Registry Office, Vancouver, B, C, this Seventeenth
day  of January,  A.D..   1017.
District Registrar.
To .Innies A. Grant.
The dale of the first publication of
this notice is 1*71li January. 1017.
(Sections ,'l�� and  J.'MI
Ro Applications Nos. 20874.'I,' 20875 'I,'
and   30105   M.'
TAKE NOTICE that applications
have been made to register ETHEL
in fee under three Tax Sale Deeds from
the Collector of the Corporation of th��
District of South Vancouver, bearing
date the 17th day of October, llilti, of
ALL AND SINGULAR those certain
parcels or tracts of land and premises
situate, lying and being in the Municipality of South Vancouver, more particularly known and described ns Lot
Twenty (20), Block Five (5), District
Lot Six hundred and forty-four (1144).
Map 1036; Lot Nineteen (10). Block
Five (5), District Lot Six hundred and
forty-four (644), Map 1036; and Lot
Thirty-two (32). Block Two (2), District Lot Six hundred and forty-six
(646), Map 1427, respectively.
You are required to contest the claim
of the tax purchaser within forty-five
(45) days from the date of service of
Ihis notice (wliich may be effected by
publication' hereof in five weekly issues of "Tlie Standard," and your attention is called to section 36 of the
"Land Registry Act" with amendments,
and to the following extract therefrom:���
"and in default of a caveat, or certificate of lis pendens being filed before
the registration as owner of the person entitled under such, tax sale, nil
persons so served with notice, . . . and
those claiming through or under them,
nnd all persons claiming any interest
in the land by descent whose title is
not registered under tlie provisions of
this Act. shall he for ever estopped and
debarred from setting up any claim to
or in respect of the land so sold for
taxes, and the Registrar shall retrlMer
the   person   entitled   under
TAKE NOTICE lhat George Selby B.
Perry,   of  Vancouver,   newspaperman,
intends   (o   apply    for    permission    to
lease  the  following described   lands:
I'onimenclng al a post planted at tho
mouth of a small creek *tm the south
shore of Hecate Island* about one nil
from the south-west angle of that
island, Ihence north eighty chains,
thence east eighty chains, thence south
eighty chains, thence, west eighty
chains, to the point of commencement.
(140 acres more or- less.
DATED November 0, 1916.
TAKE NOTICE (hot George Selby B.
Perry,   of  Vancouver,   newspaperman,
intends   to   apply    for   permission    to
lease  the  foilowing described  lands:
Commencing at a post planted ono
mile north of the mouth of a small
creek on the south shore of Hecat��
Island, about one mile from the southwest angle of that Island, thence norttl
eiglity chains, thence enst eighty
chains, thence south eighty chains.
Ihence weat eighty chains, to the point
of commencement* 640 acres more or
DATED November 0, 1016.
TAKE NOTICE that.George Selby B.
Perry,   of  Vancouver,   newspaperman,
intends   to   apply    for   permission    to
lease tlie  following described  lands:
Commencing at a post planted on the
west shore of Hecate Island, south of
a small bay, thence east eighty chains,
thence south eighty chains, thence
west eighty chains, thence north
eighty chains to the point of commencement. 640 acres more or less.*
DATED November 9, 1916.
TAKE NOTICE that George Selby B.
Perry,   of  Vancouver,   newspaperman.
Intends   to   apply    for   permission    to
lease  the  following described  lands:
Commencing at a post planted on��
mile east of a post planted on the west
ahore of Hecate Island, south of a
small, bny, thence east eighty chains,
thence south eighty chains, thence
west eighty chains, thence north
eighty chains to the point of commencement, 640 acres more or less.
DATED November 9. 1916.
    ���   r�����..   ^iliu.u   miner   such   tax
...     .       ...      .      .   ,,, ���    .   ���,   sale as owner of the land  so sold for
come into her life she would meet it taxes.
^^^^^^^^^^^^   ' great      anO   WHEREAS   applications   have
been made for Certificates of Indefeas-
deftly,   courageously  and  with
TAKE NOTICE that Georie Selby B.
Perry,   of  Vancouver,   newspaperman.
Intends   to   apply    for    permission    to
lease  the  following described  lands:
Commencing nt a post planted on the
 .west shore of Hecate Islann, south  of
sold  for la small bay, thence east eighty chains,
,., _,., .. .. i ,|;, ,,,.,,   north   eighty   chains,     thenco
west    eighty     chains,     thence    south.
eighty   chains,   to   the   p'aj'r   of   com-
mencement, 640 acres morrf or less.
DATED November 9, 19lfc.
Mr. anil Mrs. A. I,. Smith have gone
to Victoria to spend a short ho-
Mr.   ll.   Brynlldsen, owner of  the I companied  Min   Eardley,  who    ba
ella   Coola   Courier,   is  a   visitor  ill]been her guest.
* * #
Miss Monica Livingstone is spe
ing a few days in Victoria, where she
is the guest of Mrs. Jim Ponton.
*  * *
Mr. and Mrs. I;. Gillespie have left
fur southern California and expect tn
spend lhe next three months there.
���     |    ���::
Mr. and Mrs. A. Bloom, who have
been spending the past month visiting in Vancouver, have returned tn
tluir borne in Calgary.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. Louis llanzis, uf Oakland, California, arc visiting the coast
* * *
Mrs. Itcaton and family, of Lor-
buttfi, Alta., are visiting tin coast
Mr*. E. C. Knighi has lefl to spend      Mrs. George    E, Macdonald,    who
several   weeks   visiting  with   friends
in Portland.
* * *
Mr. J. J.  Colin, of San   Francisco,
i-  visiting  friends  in  Vancouver  and
Tier  coast  cities.
* *  *
Mr. William Mack, who spent the
j.ast three weeks in Enderby, has returned to the city.
* * *
Mrs. Harry A, Savers am!  Miss  K.
La Belle are amongst the Vancouver
visitors in Victoria.
tt * tt
-Mr. and  Mrs.  J.  II.  Hay  have arrived from Meyronne, Sask., to visit
with friends at the coast.
* * *
Miss Leek has gone down to Seattle
Miss Esther Cleveland, who is
working among the French blind soldiers in Paris, was recently allowed
to go as far as the firing line on the
Mr. and Mrs. I.orne Johnson, who
have been spending the past six weeks
in southern California, have returned
i" the city and are again at Glencoe
Mr-. Fred, Buscombe, who has been
spending several months in Ei gland,
returned    home    on    Sal unlay.        Mr.
left for the south several weeks ago,
is still  staying in   Paso   Robles,  and
is very much improved in health.        iBuscombc  is  remaining a  few   weeks
Mrs.   A.   K.   Hale   and     her     little I
daughter.   Miss   lloltie   Hale,  of   \'cw I     ., , ,.       .... , - ,
...       . . ...       Mr. and Mrs. J. G.-Lampson, of Cal-
\\ estminslcr.   spent   the   week-end   in .      , . '     .
,        .        ...   gary,  who have  been  spending some
the   citv   visiting   with   Irienils. , ,,        .        , ,  ,    .      ,. ,.
'lays   in   the   city,   have   lelt   lor   Cah-
fornia,   where   they   will   spend   some
Mrs. Arthur Drummond, of Montreal, has accepted the appointment
of honorary secretary of Queen
Mary's needlework Guild for Canada.
* *  *
Friends of Mr. W. II. Steeves will
be pleased to learn that he is home
again convalescing after undergoing
an operation at the general* hospital.
* tt  ft
Mr. 1'. L. Budlong, Mr. R, II. Mac-
Friends of Mrs. George Hlack will
be interested to learn that she has
arrived safely in England, having accompanied her husband, Capt. George
Black, overseas.
*      *      ft
The Woman's Canadian Club musical   which   was   announced   to    take
to spend a few weeks there.    She ac- Cauley, Mr. Dan Weyland. Mr. A. W.   place at Glencoe Lodge this week has
Tempting Staple Offers
Extra fine qualify, 36 inches wide, for ladies' anil children's fine underwear, nightgowns, etc.    Per yard 20c, 25c, 30c and 35c
42 inches wide, per yard  25c, 30c and 35c
One of our most popular lines for fine underwear. -12 inches wide, line
sheer light weight, launders beautifully, per yard..25c, 30c and 35c
This material has fine  linen  finish. 32 inches wide ��� for underwear,
dresses, waists, etc.    Per yard   20c, 25c and 35c
Extra   fine   sheer   muslin,   closely   resembles   handkerchief   linen���for
daintv dresses, waist- and underwear, 30 inches wide.
yar,l    30c, 40c and 50c
White Robe Muslin i.- used extensively for ladies' and children's dresses, washes exceptionally "ell-
extra wi�� width, 48 inches.    Per'yard   30c. 40c  and  50c
These are good  firm ipialitv.  finished witltOUl dressing���full   3(>  inches   in   width���trong   and   durable   for
general household  purposes.    Per yard    ^V%e, 15c, 18c, 20c and 25c
Xew firm weave, wilh good smooth surface, for nightgowns, underwear, etc.   36 inches wide.
per ,.arj  18c,   20c   and   25c
Indian Head is used for a variety of purposes���nurses' aprons, middy blouses, dresses, etc.    Good, strong,
heavy round thread,  with nice linen finish.
36  inches  wide,  per  yard    25c       45 inches wide, per yard    , ..35c
These dainty white fabrics are put up in boxes of ten  yards ��� used   for  fine   summer   underwear.      Very
special, per box       $1.98
We are showing wonderful bargains in ready hemmed sheets, made of lull bleached sheeting of good
strong durable quality���nicely hemmed. Per pair $1.59, $2.00, $2.25, $2.50 ami $2.75
Good range of Horrockses sheets with nicely hemstitched ends���made  of  heavy round  thread  sheeting���
very strong and durable.   Per pair  $3.50 up to $6.00
They are made of heavy full bleached cotton, strong and durable, with nicely hemmed ends.
Per pair    25c, 35c am'.  *>0c
MfieBudsansBaij (TompamiM
been postponed owing to the death
of Hon. Ralph Smith.
* * *
His Excellency, the I Juke of Devonshire, went to Montreal the middle of
last week to deliver an address inaugurating the Patriotic and Red
Cro-s funds campaign.
* *    tt
Mr. and Mrs. Han MacLeod, r,f Calgary, have left on their way to the
coasl P. spend a few dayi before leaving for Honolulu, where they will
spend the balance of the winter.
��� *  t
The regular monthly meeting of the
executive committee of tlie Vancouver
branch of the Canadian Red Cross
society will he held at the school
board rooms tonight at 8 o'clock.
* *  *
Mr. Charles William Elderkin, formerly   of   Vancouver,  announces     the
kngagement of his daughter. Eleanor
Cleveland, to Dr. Vaughan I-:. Hlack.
"1 Moose Jaw. Marriage to take place
March 28. at Parrsboro, Nova Scotia.
Mr. J. I''.. Durrin and Mr.. J.urrin
and Mrs. II. Tate, of Melfort. Sask.,1
are spending a short vacation visiting'
Victoria and Vancouver. Before returning east they intend spending a
short time in San Francisco and other southern points.
* * ft
Their Excellencies the Duke and
Duchess of Devonshire entertained at
dinner recently, when those who had
tin- honor of being present were: Sir!
Sam and Lady Hughes, Sir Mackenzie
Howell. Hon. W. S. Fielding, Miss
Eileen Doherty, Mr, and Mrs. T. C.|
Boville, Hon. and Mrs. X. A. I'.el-
cotirt, Mr. and Mrs. Duncan Campbell  Scott 'and Mr. and  Mrs.   Luring
* tt tt
A meeting of live Ladies' Auxiliary,
158th Battalion, was held on Monday
afternoon. The auxiliary has decided
to provide two beds for the new military hospital. It was decided to bold
a whist drive and dance in Cotillion
Hall for tllc purpose of raising funds,
and members of the auxiliary arc
asked to attend the meeting called
for Saturday afternoon next iu the
drill hall at 3 o'clock when tbe tickets will be given out.
* tt tt
The annual meeting of the Burrard
Chapter, I. O, D. F... took place tllis
week in the board room. 19111 Standard Hank building, when the following officers were elected for the ensuing year: Regent. Mrs. J. W. Weart:
first vice-regent, Mrs. Harry McDowell; second vice-regent. Mrs. A. H.
McNeill; secretary. Mrs. Cayley; treasurer, Miss Stretch; standard bearer.
Mrs. Hayward; echoes secretary, Mrs.
Charles Macdonald; educational secretary.  Mrs.   I',. C.  Grant.
* *  *
Under the direction of Mrs. Harold.
of 1245 Eighth Avenue Last, a splendid programme was given to tlie soldiers at Hastings Park this week. The
hall was filled with a very appreciative audience. The following artistes
took part: Miss W. Harold. Pte. Towers, of tlie 231st Battalion, Mis- Mary Xolde. Mr. Voung. Mr. Geo. Morton. Corporal Burnett of ihe 231st,
tableau by Miss fsdale and pupils.
Miss fsdale and her company of little artistes completely captivated the
boys, who repeatedly encored the performers, am! were loud in their prais-
Store Opens at 8.30 a.m. and Closes at 6 pm,
An Exceptionally Fine
Showing of New Dress Skirts
j^HE WOMAN whn anticipates making such
a purchase will find unusual choice in this
splendid showing on the second floor. Included
are serges, satins, stripe, check and plain silks,
embracing many in taffeta. The styles are varied and all of them accentuate the most correct
spring fashions. There is a complete range of j
sizes and prices are from $8.50 to $25.00.
We also have a good collection of serge and
taffeta skirts, specially designed for stout women.
Serviceable Umbrellas for Women
at $1.25
^HESE UMBRELLAS are provided with a
thoroughly rainproof cotton covering*, are
made with strong steel frames and have dark
colored stra ight handles. They are specially
good value at the price.   $1.25 each.
Phone Sey. 3540
Lady Maud and Lady Blanche
Cavendish will leave at the end of
ihe week for Montreal, where they
will  spend a  few days with  Mr.  and
Mrs. W. G. Cook. On Tuesday they
will go on to St. Agathe to visit fot
the remainder of the week with Mr.
and Mrs. D. Lome McGibbon.
es of tlie young-people who
didly represented llritain a'
lies in tiie pri -cut conflict.
Thc cfimmittee in chargi
draw ing for Lady Tupper'- I
car have made final distribution ol
the funds in band. 'I'h.- total amount
payment of expenses and rcfuni s
left from the sale of tickets after
made lo ticket holders tin accordance with tlu- conditions endorsed on
each ticket I was $1,014.83. This sum
was divided between the Reel Cross
society, the P.. C. Aviation school, the
Canadian Patriotic I-'und. and. Lady
Tupper's fund for tlic maintenance of
the graves and graveyards oi returned soldiers, these being tin* objects
specified by Lady Tupper in making
the gift of the car. The Imiousine is
now- to bc disposed of by Lady Tupper for the last-named object.
* * *
Tbe regular monthly miAning of thc
West End W. C. T. U. took place on
Monday afternoon at thc home of
Mrs. Horrid!. [1662 P.urrard Street.
Plans were brought up for asking the
ministers to set one day a year for
thc observance of the Sabbath Observance Acl. Mrs. E. E. Crandall
was appointed to act as delegate to
represent the West End W. C. T. IL
at tbe meeting of the Local Council
of Women lo be held in Victoria at
the end of tbe month. Tt was decided that the action be endorsed of
appointing a lady judge in the Juvenile Court, and recommended that the
name of Mrs. Jas. H. MacGill be
mentioned in that capacity. A very
pleasant parliamentary drill was conducted by Mrs. Reekie. Refreshments
w���ere served by the hostess.
Forty Thousand Investors
Hold Canadian Pacific Stock
Canadian Holders Now Total 6,537. c Gain of 161 Per Cent,
in Five Years���United States Acquired More Shares
Latf Year���Statement   Furnished  by
Baron Shaughnessy.
Canadian Pacific Railway. January,
Total    number   of   common    Btock-  1911.
, holders���
In all countries     24.000
In Canada       2,500
Percentage ot common stockholders
Great Britain    65''!.
1'anada    10.41%
United States     9.69%
German}-      lu'b
France        5%
Other countries 	
IM. 6+%
How the common stock of IheCana-
ilian Pacific Hallway is held has always been an Interesting study. During lhe past few years there has been
considerable change In the grouping
of the holdings. Mlaron Shaughnessy,
president of ihe railroad company,
has on various occasions furnished
Thi Monetary Times with figures
showing in what countries the slock
is held and to what extent, and also
an analysis of the shareholders' list
as It stood on October 1st. 1916. This
is compared with previous analyses
in the above table.
It, must be borne in mind, tn an-
alyzing the figures that the capital
stock of the Canadian Pacific Railway has been increased several times
during the period under review as
follows: In November, 1909, when
$30,000,000 of additional stock was
allotted at. 125, the amount of stoek
outstanding was $18i>,000,000. That
would be the amount or stock held by
the 24,000 si-areholders in January.
1911. A further btapl. of $18,000,000
was allotted in January, 1912. at 150;
$2.1*00,000 was sold during 1912 at a
premium of $2.S60.S31.SO; and $60,-
(lOii.iioo was allotted at 175 in .lanu
ary. 1913. In June, 1913, August
1915, and at the present time, therefore, the full $260,000,000 of stock has
been issued.    -
"Mn a little more than four years the
number of shareholders had increased 24.468, or over 51 per cent. Last
j ear there was a small decrease In
the number. In the past few years
a remarkable change has occurred in
the number of holders. Whereas
three  years ago there tare  27,000
holders of the common stock, there
wire   in   1915  40,468,  an   increase  of
' 13.46S. or 49 per cent. 'Last year, the
number dropped to 40.287. bin still a,
[food  record.   These  figures seem  to
'indicate that  the so-called  small  in-
- I'estor has been in the market during
J tlie past three years getting Canadian
Pacific Railway stock, the large holdings having been sold to some extent
and   picked   up   by   small   investors.
The increase in the number of holders was probably made to a large de-
jgree during the latter part of 1915, by
those who had faith in the strength
jof the company and the maintenanoe
Of the  10   per  cent,  dividend.   Tbis
faith was rewarded.    The number ot
Canadian holders has increased over
!:61  percent, in the last four years,
end now stai'Js at 6,521.   This is an
excellent showing for a country which
has  done  more  borrowing  than   investing.
The number of holders in Great
Britain In \$ 15Was larger thau two
>ears previously, but smaller than in
1911. Great Britain probably sold to
the United States last year. The
���French and German holdings have
dropped considerably. The volume o.
shares held by United States inves
tors is not very large, only 10.39 per
tent, in 1915, a record which was
beaten by Canada, which then held
13.64 per cent, of the total. The
United States total has been ineref.s
ed most likely by purchases last yecr
from Great Britain. '    -
The figures In regard to Germany
are of unusual interest. Ia ..anuary
1911, and June, 1913, German holdings were 10 per cent. This fieure
has been reduced now to 5.34 per cent.
fl For PRINTING ��� THE STANDARD ��� Sey. 470 If FOUR
A settler's house in  British Columbia���Oliver's policy is to dot the
valleys with these homes
The Australian Ranch in Cariboo is a valuable and productive property
British Columbia bacon for British Columbians would be a good slogan
British Columbia's Minister Of Food Production
Prize Milker bred in B. C.   We must produce our own milk,
butter and cheese
Happenings of the Week %.
Owing to the stiddett death of liis
Minister of Finance, Premier Brewster announces that the legislature
Will not open until -March 1. The
date for thc opening was February
The Brewster Cabinet plans to
bring in a bill in reduce lite indemnities paitl ministers and members at
the opening of the legislature.   This
is stated in a recent despatch tu a
Vancouver paper from Victoria, it is
likely that Moses B. Cotsworth will
press upon the members of. the house
the great need of reducing mileage
expenses its at present allowed,
* * *
Recently a delegation from Sunnyside, IV C, headed by Mr. Frank Lancaster, waited upon the Hon. John
Olivet*, urging upon him the necessity
Canadian Northern Railway
0.110 A. M. .SUNDAY
FRIDAY, fl.00 A.M.
7.00 p.m.    Leave    VANCOUVER
9.15 p.m.    Arrive    Chilliwack
11.00 p.m.    Arrive    Hope   ..
.Arrive a.m. 11.00
.Arrive a.m. 8.15
. .Leave a.m.    7.00
Full particulars may bo obtained from any Canadian Northern Agent.
1'hone Seymour _US_t
Talk Into The
Telephone plants are designed to enable the
telephone user to talk with ease. The best results are obtained when the lips are very close
to the telephone. If the telephone company designed its plant to permit of everyone speaking
with their lips from six to eight inches away from
the telephone, the cost would be more than doubled. Under such conditions, Long Distance talking would be impossible. Besides, the cost of the
investment would necessarily be met" by the telephone-using public.
The telephone is made to be talked into, not
to be talked at.
I of road and bridge improvement in
the district, and requesting that the
I government should assist settlers in
the clearing .nl' til least two acres of
land on each holding in the valley.
The delegation met the minister ttt
the house nl Mr. Alexander Latta arid
were well satisfied with the iiiter-
\ ievy.
* * *
Sunnyside is the ..-inning community adjoining the new city of loco;
which is located on the North shore
of Burrard Inlet.
^ * *
The British Columbia I'rnil grower's
wish tu have the Chinese temporarily
allowed free entry to Canada. It is
hardly likely that the governmeni will
encourage the fruit growers! The labor problem in the orchard district-
nt' British Columbia is growing more
The TYPOGRAPHICAL JOURNAL, the official organ of the InttSr-
I national Typographical Union of
North America! in its January number, contains the following regarding
the premier of British Columbia:
"IT. VV. (should be 11. G.)���Brew-
ster, who worked as make-up on thc
Boston HERALD from !K'J_. to 1897,
and finally drifted to British Columbia, after varied experiences, has been
appointed Premier in the Cabinet
anil President of the Council of the
Province of British Columbia. Ile
was widely known here as a sincere
friend and promoter of everything
that tended to help the laboring
titan's cause, and we wish him success in his new position."
* * *
At a recent meeting of the Vancouver board of trade a letter was read
from Dominion Minister of Finance
White, asking the board to use its
influence on people generally the value of thrift during the strenuous
times and especially the wisdom of
investing their savings in war certificates. Mr. E. H. Beasley expressed
the opinion that such pusillanimous
Sunday school appeals made people
sick. "Wc are here to sec the Empire through," remarked Mr. Beasley, "and if the government tells us
what it wants us to do we will do it."
"If you go that far they probably
will say to give all the money you
have got," interpolated President
"Very well, we will do that, too,"
said Mr. Beasley.
This matter as well as a letter from
thc Victoria board of trade regarding governmental provision for men
returned from the war in the .way of
opening up mining, fishing, ship building and other industries was rcferretl
to the mining 'and trade and commerce committees, to report at the
next meeting of the board.
* * * I
Eatalities in the coal mines of the
province during 1916 totalled 2$. compared with 52 iu the preceding 12
months, according to the report issued
by the mines department.
-.   * *
The Branch Ranch Mining Co. Ltd.,
with a capital of $100,000 .has been in
corporated   to   handle   properties   recently purchased by the company on
Headman's Creek, near Savontt.
The Golden Star reports that the
lesscs of the old Home-Payne property near lllecilewaet are carrying on
extensive operations. A concentrating plant is being installed and will
shortly be ready to operate. The ore
is  silvcr-lcad-zitic.
tt ft  tt
Speaking at a board of trade meeting at Prince Rupert, Mr, \V. P. llin-
I ton, general trafifc manager of Ihe
Grand Trunk Pacific Railway, predicted that the nest smelter to be
erected in British Columbia would be
located at Prince Rupert.
*   ...   it
Agents of the Grand Trunk Pacific
tit Vancouver, whn arc thoroughly familiar with the mining activities in
ihe northern districts of tiie Province,
stale that the mineral properties of
northern British Columbia are oiily
scratched on the surface as yet.
* * *
It is reported that tlie old smelter, five miles down the river from
Spokane (that never smelted), will be
taken over by the Anaconda Copper
Co., the largest Operating corporation
in the United States, who will erect
a zince electrolytic plant on the above
I site.
tf    ff    tf
Activity of mining in the old Bark-
jervillc field is demonstrated by the
incorporation of tt company with a
[capital of $.!tll 1.(10(1 for the prosecution
of mining development. This com-
pany is the Cariboo Chislinliii Creek
Mining Co., Ltd., and h'eatlcjuarter's
are at Stanley, 12 miles west of liark-
ervillc. * * *
. The Granby Company Is reported
to be attempting to buy for $120,000
the Columbia Turk mine in the Deer
Trail district of Stevens county,
Wash., according to informatlo'n
brought out by the filing of a suit in
the district court of Spokane county.
If the Granby goes into that district
it will be a move of much importance
to the camp, which wns neglected for
many years.
* * *
Sir Henry Pellatt, at a meeting of'
the Sc. George's Society, Toronto,
when ti discussion of the recruiting
problem was on, declared that trie
putting in force of the Militia Act,
which some members advocated, was
tt very serious matter ill view of
its possible effect on dislocating industry. If il resulted in ,calling out
50,000 or 60,000 men it would disrupt many manufacturing 'enterprises. He thought it would lie
far better if some scheme were
adopted to make it compulsory on
all young men between the nges of
IN and .10 years to join the volunteer regiments of the country. If
sticlt measures were adopted he held
that  the  volunteer  regiments  would
supply all drafts needed for re-in-
forccmenls and the wheels of industry could be kept going.
h manSobo
riirMtiiuil lo <lu"-4'r<-<liff>rK' Trim! I)er<lw
Act," Chapter l.t <>l il-r Revised Slrtt-
IIleu of UriiJNh CohinHMu nnd Ann-nil
Inn  AeiH. /��
in the matter of llie wMnte of Samuel
Cfnrvliij 'iir  Ytrtinucr.
NOTICE IS 11 K i cE 11\ CIV EN t hfl i
Lhe above-named Sam Ob] Garvin, the
Vounfcer. residing at Sn. 51 .*��� Teni h
Avenue East, in the City of Vancouver, Province of Brltlah Columbia, and
there carrying on business aa -i dairy*
man, under the firm name and style
of "Pure Milk Daffy Company," did, h\
deed dated and executed tbe 5th day
���ui February, 11)17, assign to trie, for
the general benefit of Ills creditor*,
nil his rea) and personal property) credits and effects which might be seized
or sold or attached under execution
or tho "Execution Act" or attachment.
And Notice is further given Unit a
meeting of the creditors of the said
Samuel Garvin, the Vounger, wlii be
held ni Kiu Ponder Street Bast, in the
City of Vancouver, aforesaid, on Saturday, the 2-lth dny of February, 1917, al
iln' hour of I o'clock in the afternoon.
And Notice la further glvon that all
persons navingi claims against the said
(inrvin or the said Company are required oil or before the 1st il-.iy of
April, 1917, to forward particulars of
the same, duly proved by affidavit or
declaration, to me, addressed to No,
-100 Pender Street East, in Vancouver,
aforesaid, and that all persons indebted to the Huid assignor arc required
ttt pay in ma forthwith the amount
due by  them.
And Notice Is hereby given that after
the said lsi day of April, 1017, I will
proceed to distribute the assets nf the
estate among those parties entitled
therein, havltig regard only to those
claims   uhieh   have   been   duly   verified
and of which 1 shall then have received
notice, and that I will not be responsible for the assets or any pari thereof,
sp distributed, to any person or P'**-
son.s of whose claim I shall not t hyn
have had notice. My residence Is l.luh
Avenue and Marino Drive, Point  Grey,
occupation, accountant. *
Dated the Mth dny of February, 19W.
A. P. WATKINK, Assignee,
���400 Tender St. East, Vancouver.'RC.
' By li Jh Solicitor,
Mackenzie Matheson.
Through Tickets
issued   to    all    parts
of the world.
to the Old Country,
Alaska,    China    and
For full
particulars apply
to any
C. P. R.
JAN. i. 1117
Over there in the trenches
they relish a warm drink
Send them a lin of NABOB coffee.
It is the very thing. Made from lhe
best berries of the best plantations.
It is always of one quality and that
the very finest.
Your Grocer Sells II
Made by j
KELLY,    DOUGLAS     &    CO.,     LTD.
Makers of  Nabob  Pure  Foods
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Lines
C. E. Jenney, 0. A. P. D.
Phone:  Sty. 61 It
W. G. Connolly, C. P. V. A.
527 CrtnvUl< Strut
"The Dublin Minstrel"
"Six Water Nymphs"
"The Canary Caruso"
PRICES: Matinees, 15c; Evening, 15c and 25c
Last Episode
Phone Sey. 3406
If you live in the suburbs, you can ride to any
point in the city for 5 cents, because your other
ride for a short distance helps to.pay for it.
The transportation of this city was given to
the street railway on the understanding that the
short hauls were to pay for the long hauls.
It is the same principle under which the
strong helps the weak and the rich the poor; the
unfavorable parts of the transportation were to
be balanced by the favorable, otherwise the out-
skirts of this city would have been unfairly discriminated against.
The jitney has been allowed up to recently to take the short
haul and leave the long haul to the street railway. This arrangement is unbalanced and sooner or later, the street railway would
have to cut down its non-paying service, being deprived of the
paying service by which it kept it up.
It is to your interests to see that the street railway is fairly
dealt with by having the jitney regulations retained, and it is also
to your interests to give your entire support to the street railway if you wish to obtain the most benefit from it.
The Dorchester Election and the Sequel
By H. F. Gadsby
Ottawa.  February  10.���N'ever were
victors in.hi   doleful than tho i
haVe jusl i merged from the !)���>n hi i
ter fight.     ��� - i lannil al   ��� ���     ��� per
son equally  famou i,  rcn irked, "One
mdn   ���.'"..  like th if and mj  ( te
is cooked." Thc Consc rvative part)
in the I louse bf Commons look,! Oi
> -���  Mi   5. ��� ign) 's 11 torj jusl thai
H ft)
Before the election they were going
around saying, "God help the Liberal
��� jiiirly if Canhon wins." and hum ileal
Mr. Sevigny bas won the converse
must be true. Mr. Sevigny's victory
shows tin- Borden Government just
where ii stands in Quebec, and the
| Borden Government does not lil<e the
prospect any too well.
Considered  ,as  a   bye-election     it
wasn't much of a feat for the Borden
Governmeni to go into a coiiptittiensJV
that  bas  been   Conservative
back as man can remember and, with
all the resources o! money, whiskey,
land other sui stantial cajolements, not
j to speak of tbe pressure and active en-
Ideavors of the  Hon.  Mr.   Patenaude,
who Is known as the Bub Rogers of
Quebec���it   was   not   much   of  a   feat
In   concentrate   its   resources     un   a
backwood? constituency and win it for
a Cabinet Minister who has only four
or five months to sit anyway.
A shift might have been maile to do
without one Cabinet Minister until the
next general election���it is conceivable that the Department of Inland
Revenue could have jogged along
quite comfortably for a while without
any political bead���bm the Governmeni wanted to test out feeling in
Quebec, so it sent Mr. Sevigny down
to test it out. The result of the tesl
is Mr. Sevigny's victory, and Mr. Sev-
igny's victory fills the Conservativt
parly with alarm. For, alas, il reveals too much.
' llie thine,  il  reveals is I
nationalism   of   l'HO  and
dead as Queen Anne and consequent
ly   thai   the   Conservative   parly  ���villitempt
have  to  make  oilier  alliances    il"    it eomit
wants  io  defeat   Laurier  in  Quebec, means
The   old,   unholy   pad   has   seen
finish.    At no stage of the game
Mr. Sevigny sec
lain r resiiune. of Canada .������ iih
the profiteer! im
to point to Quebec as a province in
which the cards wen- not well signed.
Ever lim ��� thi war began the B-or-
di ii ' !o. ernmenl has been preparing
Quebec soil for tin- baneful sped
The simple habitants haw been told
that tlieir duty ��j. to May at liome
and raise crops. Three Nationalists
iia ��� ���  been kept in the Borden Cabinet
By Arthur J. Kappele
r I have no use for a sheep. I like the shepherd.
'; The trouble is today, that anyone who thinks on a higher
level than the other fellow is criticised so severely that in
some cases the original thinker gets Buck-fever and drops
down to the thoughts and ideas of those on the lower level.
This is a great mistake.
'   Someone has to think in this world.   The man who has
original thoughts should preserve them and not be afraid
of criticism.   We all know that there is not more than one
a- living guaranty ol the faci thai: thinking man in the world against thousands of unthinking
tile   liordcn   (.".ernmenl   loves   those .,..,., .�� ,      , ,,.   . ,       . ��
people, and it is his duty if he has sufficient brain-power to
think and carry out his ideas, and thereby pass down to
those below him the results of his well-matured thoughts.
We are all weak and most of us are afraid of our reflections
in the looking-glass.   We should know ourselves so well
who wottld shoot holes in the Union
Jack*. Moreover, in the middle of Mr.
Sevigny's campaign. -Mr. Blondin told
the electors of Dorchester tllat it
didn't make any difference to Canada
because it was British money Allison   ,, ...   ** -. .      ,
took, iie also told them th.it .i a,,>- lhat we wlH not be surprised to see our reflection. It should
body was afraid of conscription all i also be remembered that every man has his ideas along cer-
he had to do was walk across the line tain lines, based upon the business or profession which he
;.(t into the L'nited Stales, and reports' js following, and we should not be so narrow as to criticise
state that this ad.ice was accepted; the other fdlow who jg following a different calling.
by   two  ol   his  organisers,   who  took I , D ��
eleven thousand dollars of campaign 1- Without going to the bother of enumerating all the dif-
iimds with iiiem. i ferent classes of people, either in the mechanical line or the
By every means, open and coven.j industrial world, it should be sufficient to state that every
by precepi ami example, h> ''"l'i j man or woman in this world has a hobby, that is, something
statement ami stealthy inuendo. Que- that they really like accomplishing.    On the other hand,
bee   bas   been   taught   bv   the   Borden i _..   _              i_.i_.-i_- ... , ���   , 11       _
Governmeni and its Xa'.ionalis, allies ^P "?,"    ^ HlS bUSlneSS OI" Callln�� t0 whlch end he haS
to lake recruiting lightly. Ami yet. \ devoted his whole time and energy. In other words, each
in spite of all these discouragements, of these different individuals are in a way pastmasters of
Quebec has kepi on providing recruits their own art, and still the outsider criticising him knows
'I nothing about his hard work nor about his ideas.
11 The time has arrived, in my mind, when we should ad-
who have gone to the front and pr
ed   themselves   as   keen   in   the   great
struggle for liberty as any other Can-
aid ���
adians.    And  -
SevigU)   was el
empire   defence.    The
wanted   to   see   back   oil   thos.
was  the   Hon. Albert Sevigny.
Willi   what   grace     now    can   they
count the registration cards���and remember  that  they do  the counting���!
ami say Quebec didn't sign as freely
as  the  other provinces.     People  will
Sei ig-
:    \,ir 1 mire instead of criticise, a person,   be he man or woman,
a platform oijwho has the courage of his or her convictions, and instead
last man they 0f trying to drag them down, assist them on the road which
they have mapped out for themselves.
that Quebec elected
' di iwn in
On th
fence.   ;
to be ele
lat lhe
1'Hl   is  as|"y ���""' u'" ,a'il' these statements with
rain  of  salt.    From  now  on at-
to  count  Quebec  out  of  the
"i   the   other    provinces   b)
of invidious comparisons as to
iiinii   returns , will   be   viewed
Ltspicion.    People  will   be  distil  inquire    what     pert
in   llie  oilier     province
The  humble  banana   has     sn
leaped into the limelight.    !'���>
emption from the list of fruits
t be imported into Eng
.���illy 1 Xo\ ember
ex- the 164th d
pri!   2(1   is
���ted or
contrar) in-
n a plall'orn
il   bis   -iron
was that in ihis mattei
I ly   the   same   ground
. Laurier.   In short, Mr
n't be loyal enough.
I all ei oils, never on :e
mention  the  name of
I 1 lenri   Bourassa.     Tl
Sevigny   sensed   that
appealed u
of Empire de-
rest    argument
he took exacl-
as  Sir   Wilfrid
whether,   fi
men of the
her    in
cards a
Ml ,
r on v in public, di
ante of his leader.
sa. The shrewd
d that thai nan .
y charm in Dorcb
��� to berathe it.
mines!   feature   1 f
iry  has  *' 1   to  '.1
I may 1
has been hall-market
Everybody is talking
;n. 1-1 people are eating
much lhe fruit of the
peer. A biscuit and
forms the working _rii
i I'..' gay and g ddi
ly laking the pli .���     I
j wich on railway journ
The banana 1- one 0
, osities of '
. annol call 11 a tree,
a herb, or a i egetable
i ..ns plant with the sia
Tin iitgli  tberi
out   it,
For 11 i
isanl as
nu; .1  .
lm   : .
sit) " lished in
to  a   X e \'-
any pi
grow s
it b
pui it in a lew
was to point t
disloyal Qttebe
of Laurier, wli
by implication
which Mr, Sev
renounce. To
in the English
Hon. N. W. Rowell Champions Equal
Suffrage   with   Strong   and
Glowing  Statements
be plasten
o a unilei
c allogetl
��� was lo
with llu
igny was
create ihis imp
'peaking pp.vill
Borden Government was prepi
see Mr. Sevigny defeat
sides wiih England iii this war. Indeed, there is reason to suppose lhal
Mr. Sevigny was to be the sacrifice.
The Government is surprised lo sec
him coming back���surprised and. -..
lo say, pained.
I'm- what does this victory mean'
It means tllat he has elected on those
very principles of loyalty to tbe llritish Empire by which the Government expected he would be defeated,
thus enabling them to point at Quebec and say. "See what they did to
Mr. Sevigny when he spoke
ing the Mother Country
ny's election naturally prevents this
ghastly trick- from being pulled
with any chance of success.
Yes, thc game was all framed 1111
for a racial campaign of great bitterness, in which Quebec was to be played against the rest of Canada. That
Mr. Sevigny should have won rather
takes the edge off these mischievous
intentions. For the last year the
whole policy of tbe Government bas
looked toward a general election thai
would put a solid Quebe
if help-
Mr. Sevig
for Laurier
against the rest of Canada. The idea
was to stir up tbe English provinces
by sweeping claims that Quebec was
disloyal. To this end tended the agitation in certain Ontario newspapers
with their foolish parrot cry that "a
vote for Laurier is a vote for Bourassa." To Ibis tended the bilingual
controversy which fizzled out in spite
of the best efforts of the Tory agitators to keep it alive. And to this
tended���last and most particularly���
the national registration cards which
were issued for two reasons. First
to give thc Government a line on the
(on Wesley
Opposition i
lie has c
mosl empha
to   the   Jaillli
aii's World,'
neyed argun
man firsl a|
"Any stud
"cannot hnt
that the foi
race have e*
by iln
lost   lelli
ii.i< .nice
I )���.
thai sill
banan .
Ids      ���  .
It is inn
1     ll-     -11'
'..ill a-i thirty
[ frttil
rts them
it  Si
fi ��� 1
in  ertdo
than  a
.;   acre.
I history," in-
truck   with   Iln
en  marked In
1   Ihe
.1   I'c-
of lhe  11
the lihe
��� gradual
and the enlargement
trictions which ham-
it - of w oman, and
improvement  of  her
her op
"The greal social and industrial
problems which we shall lace alter
the War must have the sympathy and
ability of the best men and women
in Canada for tlieir satisfactory solution. And to me it is practically
unthinkable that we should iry to
solve these problems without seeking
the whole-hearted co-operation
Before the war broke out. 1 repeatedly declared myself, in the legislature, in favor of Equal Suffrage. The
war has oniy confirmed the opinion
I then entertained, and. if anything,
has emphasized its importance.
"That woman will have the Franchise is a foregone conclusion. Tbe
only question is the date when legislation vvill be enacted. That, of
course, depends upon the attitude of
the regnant party.
"Wc should, deliberately and wise-
iecl w ill attac
de .-lien  rej    :
��� .,     brown    antl
fearing 1     robes       bil
needle--.     The   banana   i-   "1
���   a-  il  has  l"-i  all  tin
green coh r, mhI remains ':i  1     mat-
; I. r  how   black  ii  may   11 .  so long as
���  1  -kin is unbroken; for until the 1..:
ter occurs tliere cm  lie no admissioi
of air and ii" dec imp isition.
Bananas, by the way. are good for
babies. Dr. Eric Pritchart! finds that
.1 decotion of banana gruel has many
points of recommendation, li can be
made in a few minutes by rubbing a
heaped-tip tablespoonful of banana
flour wiih a pint of water, and then
boiling for fixe minutes.
1 .-
r 5 5
hcrcas        ther"'  is
1 siness oungi
��� ; irdi
; t  as   il
���    atel)
ha\ e .ice    no matti
11 a\   feel. io:.   i hey pa)  1   I
1. . .
The Turks count their day from
sunset (12 o'clock) to the next sunset, dividing the twenly-four hours
int., twelves, as we do. This is plain
sailing, but unfortunately sunset does
not fall at the same hour day after
of day, and there ensue horrible com-
I plications to the innocent European.
By way, presumably, of jest, the
Turkish steamers follow Turkish and
their railways Frankish time. Probably many a good man bas ended his
attempt to reconcile thc two. The
pampered rich have watches specially
constructed with two dials, one showing each time.
Apparently sonic enterprising
manli thought that tbe Turkish calendar erred on the side of simplicity,
and kindly invented a new complication.    The  Mohammedan  year  dates
liberties  with  their  h
"11   on,   11 ', cr   indue nn
drink   and   be   nierrv    an
ihem   as   compal ed    ' nn
same age.
11 -    .1
.   ,   .
if 1 It
They   Make   No   Allowance  for  the
Moral and  Physical  Metamorphosis Going On
ly, plan to promote all such remedial j from the flight of the Trophet in the
measures as will give a wife and mother the just opportunity to live the
part of a real wife and a real mother
to the coming generation, and to insure to every child born in Canada
the certainty of a healthy, normal development, and an education which
will fit that child for filling a useful
part in the growing life of our young
seventh century; each year the first
month. Mahairan, comes eleven days
earlier, so the months ��lo pot mark
the season like ours.
There is one more section for the
benefit of tbe Turkish peasant, who in
bis rural retreats knows nothing of
months. For him the year is composed of two seasons���Hidralis, beginning on Ma. 6, and Kassin, beginning
"The average mother turns her boy
adrift at the very time when she
should anchor him most firmly to the
home port,'' announces Mrs. Madge
Macbeth in I'Everywoman's World"
for January. "True, she has brought
him to a condition of physical
strength, she has been with him
through troublous storms of measles,
mumps, and chicken-pox, and now,
when restlessness is a trial, when 'the
other fellows are going,' and particularly when rebellion against petticoat governmeni enters strongly into the daily and nightly life of the
family, she lets him go.
"Perhaps she does not know how-
great is the spiritual and. physical
change going on, the moral conflict.
the doubt, the unrest. She is hurt and
perplexed at bis retreating from her;
she looks helplessly about am', finds
no weapon with which to enter into
his confidence.
'What's the answer? Give hint an
interest. Give him work that lie likes
to do." SIX
Phone Seymour 9086
We Write Insurance in Sound, Reliable Companies.
Dow Fraser Trust Co.
122 Hastings St. West.        McKay Station, Burnaby
I Northern Securities, Ltd.
Established 1906
529 PENDER STREET WEST Seymour 1574
SHAUGHNESSY HEIGHTS.���10-roomed House,
on 19th Avenue. Two fireplaces, Hardwood
floors.   $40.00 per month.
KITSILANO. ��� Several six and seven-roomed
Houses.   $15.00 per month.
SUITES, Alma Court, 2224 Alberta Street. Three
and four rooms. All modem. $8.00 to $15.00
per month.
FURNISHED. ��� Beautiful 10-roomed suburban
home, 5 blocks from car. Six months. $25.00
per month.
Client a
414 Pender St. West
Vancouver, B. C.
Have proved their Safety and Stability as a
Profitable Investment.
We offer a variety of thoroughly safeguarded
bond issues, sold to net 6;4 per cent, to 7!i per cent.
Consult our Bond Department by letter or in person.
Canadian Financiers Trust Co.
Head Office: 839 Hastings St. West, Vancouver, B.C.
Patrick Donnelly, General Manager.
The Time Has Arrived for Canadians to Take Stock ���
Perhaps a Food Dictator would be a Blessing���Heavier Taxation Might Put a Stop to Speculation
' By E. S. Bates
Wear rubbers and save leather for our soldiers in  Eu- j
rope.    Such  is  the  significant  suggestion  banded  out  by I
one of our largest rubber concerns.   Good advertising, but
the   suggestion   contains   much   food   for  sound   thought. !
Leather prices have advanced to an unheard of level. Just I
recently a Huston manufacturer predicted that shoes now
selling at ten dollars a pair would be selling at thirty dol- ;
lars a pair before the end of the  war.     Leather,  the best
to be had, is needed and urgently needed, for the troops.
and there is not a sufficient supply of tbe raw material to,
fill thc-world demand.   On the other band, the production
of crude  rubber  is  more  than  keeping pace  with  the  de-
mand.    Britain  fairly  well  controls the rubber output of
the world.   Tbe result is that rubber has not advanced in
price, and it is now cheaper to wear rubber than leather
footwear.   Hence the suggestion.
It is clearly patent tllat the only effective solution of
the high cost of living problem in Canada lies in a combination of increased production and thrift. If the welfare of
the troops was the first and chief consideration of everyone in Canada this combination would exist, and Canada
would not be facing an acute problem in the rising cost of
foodstuffs and necessary commodities. Moreover, there '���
would be a greater portion available for the men in the
W'e must face the bold fact that Canada did not conic
up to the mark in tbe matter of production of foodstuffs
during the past summer. Under the strong patriotic appeal the year 1915 was made a banner one in tbe annals
of Canadian farm production. Our record grain crop, our
record fruit crop, our vegetable crop, etc.. regulated the
world's supply of foodstuffs to such an extent that prices
were maintained at little above the normal level up until
a few months ago, and we made it easier for the War Office to keep the soldiers well-fed. Of course, tbe situation j
was helped along by a similar record production by tbe
American farmers. Hut patriotism without being upheld
by practical deeds is an intangible thing. The fear that
possessed us all on tbis continent, fear of starvation, was
allayed. Dollars shone brighter than patriotism and banished fear. Tbe weather-man is blamed, but selfishness
is one real cause. America has not'toed the scratch.
Canada, the granary of the Empire, failed to fill the bins to
overflowing. When the need was greatest we failed to
Consider other lines of marketable commodities. In no
case was the opportunity presented as in the case of food
stuffs, to replenish depicted stores. In the case of woolen
goods large quantities of wood fibre have been absolutely
destroyed by fire and explosion in tbe shape of clothing
and supplies. These goods are absolutely withdrawn from
the world market. They cannot be utilized again as shoddy and wool stock. Vast quantities of cotton have been
used in the manufacture of explosives, and destroyed. In
neither case is the world's annual production sufficient,
without enormous effort, to supply even'normal demands
without tbe re-working of worn-out cloth, or the substitution of other fibres, or change in style. Leather and hardware are somewhat similar from the commercial point of
view. Providence has ordained that the greatest necessity of mankind, foodstuffs, is the only necessity wherein
opportunity is given annually to replenish depleted stocks.
Eliminate extravagance by compulsory means, make
thrift obligatory, regulate spending, arid there will lie
enough to go round. The soldier must not be deprived of
one iota of his fare.   This is our solemn duty.
A short time ago a prominent speaker addressing an
audience of women blamed the middleman, cold Storage,
and all the time-honored, so-called excuses for the present
condition of prices. Eliminate the middleman ami cold
storage, or control them, boycott tlu* merchant, be said
in substance, ami institute co-operative methods and we
shall have the ideal state; co-operative buying and co-operative production, co-operative selling and co-operative
consumption, and we shall produce what we need and have
it at lhe proper price. Still ihey ramp and rave, bul ill
vailcili not. The ideal slate is yet a long way off. Social'
reformers,   idealists  ami   soapbox   oratprs   will   have  just
Principal repayable 1st October, 1919.
Interest payable half-yearly, 1st April and 1st October by cheque (free of exchange at
any chartered Bank in Canada) at the rate of five per cent per annum from the date of
Holders of this stock will have the privilege of surrendering at par and accrued interest
as the equivalent of cash, in payment or any allotment made under any future war loan issue
in Canada other than an issue of Treasury Bills or other like short date security.
Proceeds of this stock are for war purposes only.
A commission of one-quarter of one per cent will be allowed to recognized bond and
stock brokers on allotments made in respect of applications for this stock which bear their
For application forms apply to the Deputy Minister of Finance, Ottawa.
OCTOBER 7th, 1916.
cause for their effort so long as democracy exists and man
remains a free-will agent.
The soldier ill action is shot for getting drunk while
on duty, yet there is no restriction, or scarcely any. on the
civilian in Canada. The soldier on active service is deprived of bis pay if be overstays bis leave, or breaks some
minor military law. but the stay-at-home roams the streets
at will, a free-will agent.   Why tbe inequality?
A year ago the War l.ord of llundoin said. "Let there
be thrift." and there was thrift- with a vengeance. We
liked to gloat over it. It gave us satisfaction, lint all the
time returned soldiers and officers told us thai German
prisoners are a well-fed looking lot. A year later the l'nited Kingdom follows suit. Food control under tbe direction of a food dictator, and not a whimper from tbe Englishman. A boat is sunk today, one yesterday, two the
day before, another tomorrow, and so on for weeks and
months. Each boat carries foodstuffs, or provisions, or
something needed. Consumption grows apace. Soldiers
must be fed. and well fed. so a food dictator is appointed
to tell tbe people what they can eat, how much and where
they must practice thrift. It brings home the full significance of war.
How about Canada? W'e still go on with scarcely a
change from normal conditions, except that it costs more
to live. Trade reports in all lines statf that retail and
wholesale husiness could not be better. A few lines of
luxuries arc withdrawn from the market, because they
cannot bc obtained, but Canadians generally are as well-
fed, well-dressed, well-entertained and well-boused as ever
they were. The only commodity of which there is an over
supply is money, and bank deposits continue to grow, Only the laborer and the salary man are paying the price.
There is no conceited effort t'i save. It is the mechanic,
the speculator and the munition manufacturer who is accounting for the increasing bank balances. The butcher
shops are experiencing no decrease in sales. Tbe theatres
and other places of amusement are filled, and luxuries are
just as saleable.
There is a lot of satisfaction to be gained from Canada's temporary strong condition. Hut while we are piling
up' prosperity throtf ,'hout tbe country, manufacturing millionaires by thc dozens and inflating prices of commodities, what about our part in tbe prosecution of the great
war? Our farmers are buying butter and grumbling at the
price, because they can make more by turning their milk
into cheese. Mechanics grumble at tbe rising cost of foodstuffs, but arc buying phonographs, Ford cars, fancy
dresses and furs at a rate unheard of in pre-war days.We
have been carried away on a wave of artificial prosperity.
Shortly we shall crest the wave and no one knows the
depths of the other side. The rising cost of living is but
one result of our insanity caused by our greed in face of
our temporary prosperity. Every atom of our prosperity
has been fought and paid for by,our brothers on the battlefields of Europe. Their suffering and sacrifice has
purchased our peace and prosperity.
People say that war is abnormal, therefore war is a
disturbing factor in all industrial and investment values.
One writer says, "The world's work is forward moving;
the world's hope is forward-looking. Therefore all 'business' has an expectancy in life." They justify their actions in this way, saying. "Ah, well, we shall be better prepared to look after the returned- soldiers, and meet after
the war conditions than we would otherwise." .Meanwhile crowded meetings are being held in cvery city in
the Dominion. Crowded by the poor who are bearing
the unequal burden, And such resolutions as the following are passed unanimously:
"Whereas the prices of the necessities of life have riseji
enormously during the last few years, and especially the
last two years: whereas the outlook for tlu future promises that the prices may be raised higher; whereas monopolists of the food supplies pile up millions of dollars in
profits while hunger and insecurity is the lot of the masses
of the people; whereas speculation, monopoly of the food
supplies in the hands of a comparatively tew people, and
the lack of European competition, have to a great extent
caused the rise in prices; whereas the wages of the working people have not risen to such a level as to-cope with
the high prices; and whereas private ownership of the
food supplies is not competent to deal now with the food
supplies of the people!
"Therefore be it resolved:
(\) That the Dominion Government take over the control of the food supply; ���
(2) That a maximum price be fixed mi the most important articles of the necessities of life;
(3) That a legal minimum wage be enforced so that the
food supply should be at the disposal of all the people; and
(41 That customs duties on foodstuffs be removed."
The resolution is a trifle strong, perhaps. Hut it indicates tbe trend of public opinion. The time has arrived
for Canadians to take stock���an inventory of what we are
doing in the prosecution of tbe great war. Three hundred
and fifty thousand of Canada's manhood are fighting for
thc cause of the Empire. These men are bearing the
brunt of danger and hardship. Mow many Canadians at
home thoroughly realize the real meaning of war? It may
bc that Canada should become a bit more militaristic, for
the time being at least. Perhaps a food dictator would be
a blessing. Heavier taxation might put a stop to speculation.
Mrs. Almy Discusses the Special Need and Ability of
Women in Retail Trade
"The woman in business has created a new standard,"
said Mrs. Almy in the course of an interesting address
before the Montreal Publicity Association last week. Mrs.
Almy, thc head of the great departmental store in Montreal and a chain of other similar stores throughout the
States, is well qualified, as a successful business woman, to
express her opinion on the future of women in salesmanship, publicity and window decoration a well as executive
positions in a large departmental store.
With reference to the enormous activity of women since
the war, Mrs. Almy pointed out that women had shown
tremendous aptitude for business as well as a usefulness
in factories. Society women had organized bazaars, and in
one case in her mind they had at one stroke sold at half
price enough admission tickets in one or two days to pay-
all the expenses of a great bazaar which was to bring in
(Hljp &tanbarb
���"ubllshed  every Saturday at tie,  Homer Street. Vancouver.
relephone   Sejrraour 47*
lUglitered   at   th*   Post   Office   Depa-tment.   Ottawa,   a*
leeand Class Mall Matter
Te all point* In Canada, United Kingdom, Newfoundland.
*l*w Zealand and other British Po**es*lons:
Wastage to American. European and other foreign countries
ll.M per year ertra.
The Standard  will  be delivered  to  any  addrea*  In  V*-_-
souver or vicinity at ten cents a month.
Member of tbe Canadian Pre** Association.
Th* Standard, with which Is Incorporated tha Saturday
Ohlnook. circulate* In Vancouver and the cities, town*, village* and settlement* throughout Brltlah Columbia. In
politic* the paper I* Independent Liberal.
P*,bl-,h��"1 The Standard
hundreds of thousands of dollars, and perhaps a million.
Any merchant who could meet bis expenses for the year
in two days would be exceedingly well satisfied with himself.
"A woman." said Mrs. Almy, "has a very peculiar aptitude lor business, and the n,,,s, useful thing is ber power
ot intuition. She understands how ,lrc,s appeals to won,,
en. for in-tai.ee. and if she can succeed in. making a customer look well she is always going to hale that customer
ou her list.
"The wise merchant has grasped this fact. His road to
success is plain, lie needs women trained to understand
woman's nature, woman's needs, her love for beauty, her
necessity for stylish dress suitable lor all occasions, he-
comforts, her necessities and those of every member of
the home and the home itself. In answer to his need for
women trained in salesmanship, versed in processes and
products of manufacture and their markets knowing the
latest fashion of the hour as well as woman's nature.
There have arisen schools of salesmanship, retail classes
in the buiness courses of high schools, continuation and
vocational schools and comprehensive courses of business
in college and university. Out of the logical connection
between the lady who buys and the one who sells comes
the knowledge of the right goods to be chosen by the buyer of the department who is frequently a woman. In many
of the most successful department and apparel stores of
the present day where intensive methods prevail women
are not only managers of departments, but organizers,
counsellors, accountants, solvers of store problems, decorators, advertisers, proprietors, and at every step they
use that peculiar, wonderful, uuexplicable gift of woman
called intuition."
Mrs. Almy concluded by describing a great French establishment managed and owned by a woman, and the
perfection she found everywhere. In France she had
found it to bc the rule that men made things, were specialists in making things while wonVEn ran the business and
did the bargaining. There was not a silver coin and not
a stamp ou a letter in France which did not carry thc design of a fine, graceful woman with her face towards the
dawn, and her hands sowing the seeds of commerce ���
Journal of Commerce.
('���old is not the only factor in making investments or
carrying on business���there must be a corresponding supply of labor and materials.
Europe's credit will be better when peace conies than
it is while thc war is continuing, according to George E.
Roberts, vice-president of the National City Hank, Xew
York, who addressed tbe members of tlie Traffic Club of
Xew York at their regular monthly meeting held at the
Hotel Waldorf-Astoria. Discussing "Trade Conditions
After tbe War." Mr. Roberts said, in part:
"Men do not want gold merely to I..ok at or as a cherished, possession; they want it as a means of making investments and of carrying on business. lint gold is not
the only factor in making investments or carrying on business. There must be a corresponding supply of labor
and materials. If one country has a disproportionate
amount of gold the attempt to use it all in connection with
a relatively small amount of labor and materials will force
thc kilter lo such a high level that investments cannot be
advantageously made or busuiess carried on. This is the
position in which we shall stand after the war. Either
llu-re musl bc a greal movement of labor from Europe to
lhe United Stales ..r there will have to Le ;���. great transfer
of gold from the l'nited Slates to where labor is available. It is more probable thai gold will go .out than that
laboi will come here on such a scale
"Don't make ihe mistake m thinking that Europe ��il!
hoe nothing to give us in exchange for gold, or that gold
will only yo out in tiie cent lhat there is a large trade
balance againsl us. Europe's credit will be better after
the war is ended than it is while the war is continuing.
If the money markets of this country are lower after the
war than those of Europe there will bo enormous borrowing here and American capital will go abroad to participate in the business opportunities which scarcity of capital there will afford.
"Our danger is that under the stimulus of the present
abnormal conditions we may expand our indebtedness ou
the basis of these new gold supplies and inflate wages
and prices until our costs are above tbe level where they
can be permanently maintained! As tlie volume of business falls and prices fall money will become idle here and
will naturally seek employment in otber Countries. It
will be right that gold should go out. W'e will have more
than our slutre of the world's stock. It will be an encumbrance to us, and it will be desirable to have the normal equilibrium restored."
A famous French illusionist. M A. de Biere. has his
thumbs, on which bc relies for bis cleverest tricks, insured for $12,500.
Padercwski's hands are insured "for $500,000. On one
occasion, when an injury to the first finger of his right
hand prevented his filling a professional engagement at
Philadelphia, be received $5,000 under the terms of his
Kubelik's right band is insured for $500,000, on which
the premium is said to bc $15,000 a year. In both cases
tbe sum is payable in the event of total incapacity, proportionate amounts being guaranteed in cases of partial
Mme. Cavalieri's larynx also is insured for $500,000. BATURDAY,  FEBRUARY  17, 191/
From the  Point of View  of  Mr. R. C.   Hodgson,  Chairman   of  the
North Fraser Harbor Commission
The following paper was read on
Monday night to the South Vancouver
Hoard of Trade:
Mr. President ami Gentlemen:���
The subject which I have chosen
(or this paper, "Preparedness," is one
which I believe to be of the utmost
Importance to every port authority.
as thc ports that are doing the largest business and doing it most effi-
i iently, are those that have kept their
facilities ahead of actual requirements, and the ports that remained stationary or have been lagging
behind, are those whose authorities
have had neither the imagination nor
the tjjjtcrprise to plan for the future.
Permit me to repeat a phrase which
I believe originated with Prof. Edwin
J. Clapp, of the Xew York University,
a phrase which has become no doubt
to your ears almost a platitude, but
which is nevertheless a truism: "A
great seaport is a country's right band
extended to foreign lands offering
them our products and requesting
In order to do full justice to this
friendly intention it is requisite that
t this point of transfer, that is t<*
say at the point where "Rail meets
Keel," thc means of exchange, or in
other words the handling methods,
should be of the best that the world's
inventive genius has provided and is
provididng. Hy the best I mean such
methods, implements, structures, and
machinery as will enable the Port
Authorities to handle the largest possible amount of freight and merchandise per lineal foot of wharfage in the
minimum amount of time and at the
lowest possible cost.
What such machinery, etc.. should
|he, would depend upon local collisions.
My colleagues and I have all this
In prospective. We well understand,
and we desire it to be understood, that
it is the ultimate aim of the North
Fraser Harbor Commissioners, wliich
is possibly the youngest harbor authority on the coast, to create, or to
be instrumental in lhe creation of an
efficient fresh water harbor, and we
shall  never  lose  sight of our aim.
Nevertheless, we are alive In the
fact that a harbor being merely the
meeting point of foreign commerce
and native commodities and products,
rerpiires for success the existence, or
if now existing, the development of a
productive I lintcrlau'd. a domain inhabited by a prosperous, intelligent.
ami industrious population, or if such
is non-existaiu, the potentiality for
In either case it would behove a
harbor authority to take an intelligent
and active part in the efforts and endeavors as well as in tllc prosperity of
thc citizens of the Hinterland, not
only of tbe part of it which conies
within  tlieir sphere of possible  influ
ence, but indeed in the developme t.
prosperity and happiness of their
whole native country.
Harbor development, spell "Patriotism." A successful harbor is a
synonym for a successful country,
and a successful country under proper spiritual and educational guidance
Should be a happy one, as success
brings happiness, or as L. 1". Landon
so ably puts it, "Xo thoroughly occupied man was ever yet verv miserable."
While it is true that our country,
the Dominion of Canada, has been
settled for some centuries, this refers
to the eastern portion of it only. The
westerly, yes, even the middle part
of Canada, is just in its early infancy.
The part of Canada in whose development we arc most particularly interested is almost virgin territory as far
as settlement is concerned. We are
fortunate that it is so inasmuch as it
gives us the privilege and wonderful
responsibility to try to avoid land we
must avoid) the errors that have been
committed consciously or otherwise
elsewhere. We must forestall if possible, the danger that like other harbors, our port "will just happen," anil
so prove a burden and a problem for
the future, even for perhaps, the next
generation. We are all aware under
what tremendous difficulties the two
largest ports in the world, London
and N'ew York, are laboring to overcome the tremendous handicap of
congestion of business, traffic and
population caused by the unintelligent,
unguarded and undirected growth.
Who can foretell what growth may
be in store for us? Wlm can calculate and reduce to figures the events
of the future? Are we not all of us
considering growth, and increase of
population as a sign of prosperity,
and are we not all hoping and working for it?
If so, let us do so intelligently, lei
us try to approximate the potentialities of our district and of mir sphere
of infhieiicc'and let us endeavor to
reduce tiiese estimates to figures.
I believe that a National Government thus trying to forecast, no not
to merely forecast, but to fore-ordain,
the future must do so in an optimistic spiril. as I believe a pessimist has
no business 1" sil anion.:' harbor authorities.
Facilities must be provided before
lhe need becomes apparent to the
casual observer, to the man on the
street. Does it not almost seem as if
the larger business follows lhe largest preparation lo handle it? It is
certain, however, that those harbors
which have been successful beyond
others are those that have been controlled by men who have intelligently
anticipated with the most modern effectives to bc had. the desire and tendency for expansion, which is so pre-
Farmers   Enabled to Pay  The Original Cost of Their Land
ONE outstanding fact in connection i work ordered. A great many new ele-
wlth the wonderful crops that .utors are Peing built this year and
have been harvested iu Western this of course has also had its effect
Canada is that Ihe prices obtained for;on the building trade.
the crops have in hundreds of cases An instance is given of one farmer
enabled farmers to pay tbe original, in the southern portion of Alberta who
cost of their land. Many -Instances j paid $3,800 for his farm last year. This
have come to note of farmers who;year lie harvested 3.900 bushels of
bought their lands twelve months ago. wheat alone, and after his crop was
and with their first crop were enabled ' taken off he received an offer of Sa.llOO
to pay the whole cost of the land and ror the farm, which he refused. He
still have sufficient left to carry them also realized over $1.50 per bushel for
through the year until  another crop,  his wheat, or ?2,000 more than the to-
Land that was bought for from $16 tal cost of bis farm,
to $30 per acre has produced crops Flax bus been particularly good, one
���worth from $40 to $75. Tho prevail- man in Southern Alberta having a
tng high price of wheat particularly,! yield of 37'/ii bushels per acre. This
and other grains as well, has of course is an exceptional yield, even In Al-
been responsible for this to a great I berta, but on the whole with tlax
extent. I worth $'2.'2'i per bushel  it can readily
When it Is known that many farm-! be seen that it Ib an exceptionally pro-
era  produced  an  average  of  over  Bf Stable crop .
bushels of wheat to the acre It will be j Yields of bti bushels and over of
easily understood how they made uiirh ! wheat were frequent, most of which
*aBt profits this year. These high graded one northern or .two northern,
averages were not confined to any one. and netted $1.50 or over per bushel,
area but were reported from all over according to how early iu the season
Alberta and many parts of Saskatctre- It was sold. Farmers who held until
wan. The yield of C. S. Noble of an late in the year have reaped the bene-
average of 54 bushels 23 pounds of tit In considerably higher prices for
wheat to the acre for 1,000 acres is their grain than those who sold dur-
doubtless a world's record for a tract ing September or October,
that large. Mr. Noble a few days ago Last year Western Canada' crops
purchased another 2.000 acres a few I were even better. During 191"* and
miles west of the city of Calgary, j 1 SI 16 the rainfall \vas considerably
and contemplates making it thej heavier than in average years, and
best stock farm in the West. He never this fact haB directed attention to the
does things by halves and when j irrigation districts of the province
It is known that he expects to pur-1 where the same results can confidently
ehase'as well some of the best breed-! be expected every year. The Canadian
'ng  stock  obtainable  It  will   be  seen  Pacific  Railway  Company,  which  has
that the livestock industry of Alberta
will receive no little Impetus from Mr.
Noble's entry Into the business.
Stories are common of farmers who
have more than paid the original cost
of their land from the proceeds of this
year's crop. Many of the automobile
firms are unable to get sufficient cars
to supply the demand, as praetically
cvery farmer Is buying at least one of
the smaller cars and many of them are
purchasing the larger cars. One firm
to Calgary 6old $200,000 worth of cars
during one month of this year, which
was a record. Almost every small
town now has its garage where all repairs can be made and new parts
nought. This, and the general prosperity which it indicates, instigated
considerable building activities, and
carpenters and builders have been unable to keep up with the amount of
developed about 800.000 acres of irri-
fiible land in Alberta, is very optimistic as to the future of irrigation farming in that province.
The bank clearings, which are a
pretty good business barometer, have
increased In some cities as much as
100 per cent over those for the same
period last year, and all the western
cities and towns show big increases,
somo of them exceeding all past records. On the whole, the Canadian
West is at present experiencing prosperity���prosperity of the solid kind,
that has a real foundation, and Is not.
merely the result of speculation or
borrowed capital.l It is a prosperity
of the farmer, the backbone of the
country, and when the farmer Is prosperous It Is merely a matter of timc-
until the money reaches all classes ii.
eminently   the   distinguishing   feature
of this century's business life.
However, while ibis business expansion has been unprecedented, yes
phenomenal, we are on the other hand
able to draw les- ins from the past, if
we are willing to assume that '.ur expansion may equal (and why should
it not) the expansion of other localities during   the   lasi   thirty-five  years.
As I have to deal with Canada
alone. I will make the assertion made
bv bigger men than I "Thai thi, century belongs  to Canada."
Canada has got into her stride, has
attained full adolescence, has develo) -
ed the Strength physically and menially, to reach out for the big things.
Canada can expect and has the right
to hopefully anticipate, at least (he
same growth and development in tl"
same time, that during the past one
hundred years was the growth and expansion of the L'nited States.
I ask you, gentlemen, what was the
state of development of the United
States iu tbe year 1816? How do conditions at that period of our neighbor's life compare with the state of
development in Canada at this time?
The question must be answered. 1
think, rather favorable to Canada.
Another question may come up in
your mind, "Will Canada be able to
progress during tllis century, as far
as the Untied States progressed during the last?" The answer is, Mr.
President, that she will if we do all
in our power to help her to that end.
therefore, do not let any of us "Sleep
on the switch."
Our west and middle west are our
new problems, and must find us prepared. Our agricultural middle west
is a land of vast potentialities, is like
the sleeping beaut)' awaiting thc kiss
of the Prince whose name is (.I'l'OR-
We in Canada have to thank mir
American cousins for the Panama Canal, that stupendous piece of work,
the result of the applied genius of the
people of the United Stales will make
it possible \lor u* to undertake the
task with which we have beer, entrusted iu the most optimistic mood, as it
will have the effect of distributing the
population of both nations more evenly. It will correct the anomaly of a
dense eastern, and a scarce western
1 venture to predict that within
thirty-five years, the manufacturing
and productive power of the west will
be required to supply the west, leaving for transfer to the east only such
commodities as the west is aide t"
produce more advantageously than
the east and vice versa.
. If we are to build ahead of present
requirements and measure up as it
were, to our potentialities, the qucs-
tions now present themselves: How
much of the future should we take into consideration? For bow many
years ahead should we plan? Suppose
we make it just one generation. sa*
thirty or thirty-five years? I know
it will appal some of us. but let us
look back for that lengfll of time.
Thirty-five years ago. Vancouver, the
Queen of the Wesl. lhe City bf which
we are all so proud, was not even
thought of. What of Seattle. Tacoma, Los Angeles and other great
American cities? If the thirty-five
years of the past has created cities
that would have required, in Europe,
centuries to build, what will the same
period bring forth in the future will:
cheap modern navigation made possible through the Canal, to the same
European ports that have supplied thc
population to the Ivast?
Thirty-five years ago the middle
states of the Republic to the south of
us was "Thc West." Today they arc
producing and 'manufacturing as
though they bad centuries of life behind them.
1 think, gentlemen, it would be folly
for tbe west to be timid. If we want
to keep abreast of the times and our
opportunities we must strike out boldly, and let us remember that tbe great
shipping centres of both the old and
thc new world were not created by
mere chance, but are thc result of the
intelligent study of the subject by men
especially selected for the purpose,
and the expenditure of vast sums of
Tbe nations of Europe have not
hesitated to pay the price of success
for they are alive to the fact that the
port that captures the trade is thc one
that keeps its facilities ahead of its
To give some idea of the titanic
works which have been accomplished
by some ol" tbe European ports, i
might mention that London bas expended in harbor developments and
facilities, two hundred millions of
dollars; Liverpool, one hundred and
fifty millions: Hamburg, one hundred
and fifteen millions: Manchester, one
hundred millions; Newcastle, ninety
millions: Antwerp, sixty millions;
Glasgow, fifty millions: Bristol, forty millions: Marseilles, forty millions; Havre, thirty millions, and
Montreal,  twenty-five  millions.
It should be borne in mind that the
development of great national ports
also develops the trade and commerce
"i tin- whole ration. A port which is
adequately developed and equipped
nol "iily gives a tremendous impetus
to the manufactures and commerce of
the whole of its tributary territory
and builds up its population, but is an
impetus  to  lin-  whole  country.
The territory under the control of
the Commission over which I have
the honor to preside. is what was
km,en a, ile \'..rth Arm of ihe Fraser River, nov. the North Fraser Harbor, and extends from the extreme
west of ihe Point Grey municipality
through lhe municipalities of Point
Crey. Smith Vancouver, Richmond
and Burnaby, I������ ihe city limit- of
Xew Westminster, a distance of approximately seventeen miles, and although, as I stated before, it is at
the present time practically virgin
territory, we believe we have the making, with a comparatively small outlay for dredging, of one of the finest
fresh water harbors in  America.
A century ago tbe City of Glasgow
was a small town with no harbor, situated on the river Clyde twenty-five
miles from its mouth. In some places there was a depth of only fifteen
to eighteen inches of water, and was
fordable for twelve miles below tbe
city. Through the dredging of that
river, Glasgow is possibly the greatest   shipbuilding  centre   in   Europe.
Again, look at what has been done
for Manchester, an inland city. A
ship canal was built thirty-five and a
half miles long at a cost of over
eighty-five millions of dollars, making
the city a great shipping centre. When
wc see what great drawbacks these
cities overcame, no wonder we are optimistic over the possibilities of thc
Xorth Fraser Harbor, mi the borders
of which we have thousands of acres
of flat land which will provide ample
accommodation for shipbuilding
yards and other industries that require a considerable area of ground.
Then with its close proximity, about
four and a half miles, to llurrard Inlet, which is. I believe, one of the finest natural harbors in Amei
proved with comprehen .i\ e s<
development now being un
by the Vancouver Harbor
Vancouver will occupy om
most unique positions of any si;l
port, inasmuch as she will have ;
fresh water 'arbor on one side ate! ;
salt water harbor on the other; whicl
"dent will make
f the war am! ll
be received. Alter tiiat tlie L'nited
State, must lend money to France
to carry on tbe war, when France
would repeal some of the obnoxious
Millions for Defense
Tin- American envoys refused such
an.'   Pinckney's  deelarath n  of
"Millions   for   defense,   but   not   one
.  i  for tribute" was tal en up a- a
popular cry iii the country.
The United States prepared ior war.
frigates were built and an army was
raised       Some   naval    engagements
took place, but war was I lol actually
President    Adams   then   sent   three
envoys to France, despite tin- protests
of two members of bis cabinet, and
they were cordially received by Napoleon Bonaparte, who was then in
control of tbe French government.
The war lasted from July 9; 1798.
to September .V). 1800, imt the peace
terms were not satisfactory to the
American people and Adams was not
War with England
The second war with Grcat Britain
began June IX, 1812, and lasted until
February 17. 1815, though several
years before tbe British man-of-war
Leopold fired on the United States'
frigate Chesapeake, killing anil wounding twenty-one members of tbe crew-
anil taking four men, three of whom
were Americans. The British disavowed the act but made no reparation.
The next foreign war in which the
United States engaged was that wilh
Mexico, which lasted from April 24,
1846. until July 4. 1848.
The war with Spain began April 21.
1898. and ended December Hi. 1898.
In addition to thp foreign diplomats given their passports because of
wars, the following diplomats were
dismissed  by  the   United   States:
Citizen   Genet   was   -cut     to     tllis
country  in  179..  by ihe  French  i
mittee of safety, and when be tried t i
commission privateers to pre;,   on tbe
Hritish, President Jefferson asked for
his recall.
n 180:> Marquis of Casa Yrujo, tiie
Spanish minister to the United State-.
attempted to bribe a Philadelphia
editor to favor Spain in a controversy
with the United Stales. Ile was handed his passports.
I-'. J. Jack-on. the llritish minister,
was recalled in 18<i9 because Ile tried
lo arouse feeling against the Unite*
States by issuing circulars to Hritish
consuls accusing the American gov- .
eminent of bad faith.
Ill 1849 Poussin. the French minister, was recalled for insolence to the
American  secretary  of  state.
British   Envoy  Recalled
In 1855 British Minister Crampton
was recalled for his activity in elist-
ing soldiers in this country for the
Crimean war. The exequaturs of
three British consuls were cancelled
at the same time.
In 1888 passports were banded
Lord Sackville-West. the British minister, who, in response to a decoy
letter, advised Americans of British
birth   to  vote   for   Grover   Cleveland.
In 1898 Spanish minister Dupuy de
Lome was dismissed for writing disrespectfully of President McKinley
to a friend in Cuba.
In September. 1915. Dr. Constaniin
Theodor Dutnba, Austrian ambassador, was recalled at tue request of
thc United States as a result of bis
attempt to cripple American Industrie-.
December 3. 1915. Germany was requested to immediately recall Captain'
Boy-Ed and Captain Ymi Papen. the
naval and military attaches of Germany in America,
a.  ini-
-11 11-   of
.i��r alter
e resttmp-
i commer-
ghoul the
ritish I'.m-
hole civil-
ti"ti of normal condition
cial metropolis whose
yvill he felt nol only lh
length and breadth of tin
pire, but throughout the
ized world.
In conclusion, gentlemen. I wish to
impress   upon   your   minds   the    fact
that we, particularly those of us  win.
represent ports  that are undeveloped.
have a tremendous responsibility resting upon us, inasmuch a- wc arc plan
ning   for  a  foundation   which   im-.  ,i-
well  as  future generations  v :11 build
a superstructure, therefore, il behi ves
us to consider the question  fr.,' .   the
broadest possii le -t.-e . ; . int. -���   lei   is
put mir shoulders I    thc wheel, e er
having   our   eve   on   t:
At   the   close     M-        ..;.., m
j warmly applauded    and ll"   hopi
' expressed thai  thi   papi r  woul '. . .; i
a wide publicity, - i the ST \ \'!. \i.l>
I prints it.
(United States Has Broken Off Diplomatic     Relations    with     European
I Powers Before���Our Brush With
France  When  War  Was   Not  De-
!    clared
For the lack of a better explanarii
it musl be known as a novelty. It i-
������. cli..ice dramatic morsel, and as re-
freshing as a draught of nectar. Mr.
Kelly is a leading matt of wide repute.
and his acting is always a pleasure.    ,
Phat great comedian, Irelan rs :..  -t
distinguished laugh maker, an;! popular   idol   of   theatredom     throughout
America,  Mr.  Frank   Fogarty, is the
big   feature   wliich   Pantages   theatre
announces       for     tiie   corning   week.
There   have   been   many .-lars   adver-  ensemble   numbers,   t
tiscd  at   this   theatre,  but   beyond  a charming1 solos   in  cyl
I doubt Mr. Fogart) is the greatest and  harp   ind flutes,    -
.most popular ..I any sp far.    ile has lections.     Miss   Marn
toured  this  country  many  times  .t   .        ntelligei     . -���  -1   ii
' from these trips ha- gaini ! '
name   which   ever)   managi
Ten   charming   girls   compose   1\"
lario's orchestra,    lu addition to tl
.bone.  Fren   ii
as  v .cal  sil-
;.-   a    uiai -t:
.... inand.
'   "      Caite:
the  !nr	
.'. business would ne gia
- rtise a- a coming attracti
theatre. Although t .'.'.ring tl
and west many time-, it will
F igairty's iii -t trip to Vai
thusly it  vvill be  Vancouver
��� I make the pn
in vaudeville.     I I
ipally  of ;; e  ei
sings - ���!_:- : a violins accompam-
' i.n ut.    This   :-   ..   n  ' cl   feature   a td
one which all Vancouver .vill be talk-
i . aboul nexl Mm,.'.ay. "The Herb
���Diving Girls," sis. shapely nymphs
I will entertain with demonstrations of
fancy  dives,   swimming   strokes    and
perform  the  many  moil  feats
have won their professional nan
them      There  will be three  other big  Xo  inn...     din   :
feature   acts,   and   the     final   nf   the  whip in hand to il
"Shielding   Shadow."    Sebastian   will  threaten   during   t
evidently   get   "his"   and   Ravengar's  ,.f  versatih
KoSe   wtl
.., ., , tl ������ .:-:.. - ' ' i i :i- last as n
l,j,.|, larih. I' ai litioi '" their iest>
, :,   sii .   well,
A new mark for imitatoi - ti
is  -hai     i   :< iberl   E\ ercst -   '���
c' i  us,      tabloid  i ff the "B .   I
There are monki ys and monl ��� j -
a  master  mind  ;
lea.ii-r ir   a  -, ril -
> I wittering  and ������
r all   but   talks   th
g  them
acts  as
ieri.ll  -li
on-, be-
glish   1
;,e    -
with a
���   womb
rfnl   a. t
's   born
Since the war of the Revolution
and the foundation of the republic,
tbe United States has engaged in four
foreign wars, npt counting the punishment of the pirates in Algiers ���
with France in 1798; with Great Britain in 1812; with Mexico in 1846 and
with Spain in 1898���during which diplomatic relations between the United
States and those countries were severed, and in addition twelve ambassadors, ministers and attaches of foreign
countries have cither been recalled,
dismissed or handed their passports
by America for various breaches of
international  etiquette.
War with France
In 1797 the French directory, displeased with tbe strict neutrality
which tbe United States bad observed during tbe war between England
and France, adopted resolutions injurious to American commerce and
refused to receive Charles C. Pinck-
ney, the American minister, until tbe
l'nited States complied with its demands.
A special commission composed of
John Marshall, afterward chief justice of the United States; Charles C.
Pinckney and Elbridge Gerry, was
sent to France, but the French government refused to receive them,
Prince Talleyrand sent secret agents
to deal with them, and they demanded
that a large sum be paid thc French
government before the envoys could
mystery will be solved.
An attraction which is sure to appeal is that of Mr. Lew Dockstader,
billed at the Orpheum next week, lo
all who know- anything of minstrelsy,
the name of Dockstader stands among
lhe foremost. There was a time, and
not so long ago, that Dockstader's
Minstrels was the most stupendous
organization of blackface comedians
of all minstrelsy. Since his advent
into vaudeville. Mr. Dockstader has
built for himself a splendid reputation
as a character actor. He comes new
in a new humorous impression. It is
"The Power Behind the Throne"���
a Political Boss. Xo names are used,
but the "man out in front" will bc able
to pick out the delineation easily.
Natalie Alt. a musical comedy fav-
orite, will be here next week to spread
her glow. She is a recent recruit in
thc ranks of vaudeville. Her rise was
of the skyrocket variety, and she is
still in the ascendancy. She is one
of the youngest of latter day prima
donnas, and one of the most attractive.    She  will  be  before  the  curtain
epresentatives are here seen in an a.'
which rival- any novelty act ever
staged. For fun it ;- strong. There
i- lots of monkc)  business.
As usual the show will close wil
the Orpheum Travel Pictures, which
arc so well and favorably known. During this section a first class programme may be expected from the orchestra.
for eighteen minutes.
��    *
George Kelly, supported by Anna
Cleveland and Xora O'Connor, will
present the sketch. "Finders���Keepers."    This  is  a  sketch  of  surprises.
Estd. 1904.        Phone High. 285
from our factory at Vernon, B.C.
Also,    New    Season's    LULU
into  the  finest
Sauer Kraut
at  our   Vancouver  factory.
B.C. Vinegar Works
1365-7   Powell   St.,   Vancouver.
Wanted to hear from owner of
good farm for sale. ��� Northwestern
Business Agency, Minneapolis, Minn. EIGHT
Prices, $15, $20 and $25
The Greatest Clothiers in the Great West
Two Big Stores for Men
33,  47  and  49  HASTINGS   STREET   WEST
"See That Man Kerr"
A Story in Real Estate
DEATH OF W. J. KERR.���News has 1,'ccn received in the
city thai \\. .1 Kerr, at une time a pmmineni real estate dealer
of this city, died re.enth in hospital in Winnipeg! N'ews item ill
ihe Xeu Westminster COLOMBIAN',       /
The Anglo-Saxon is not the Supreme Economic Race of the World
By J. VV. MacMillan, Manitoba College
jJr^UT a few brief seasons have passed since in the
*^ Columbia real estate world, the name of VV.
Your Goods are absolutely sale in "CAMPBELL'S" big, security,
fireproof storage warehouse.
Safe from burglars, moths, rodents, mildew and other risks to
which lf-tischold goods are subject.
Security  Fireproof  Storage  and
Moving Co. Limited.
The   Campbell  Storage   Co.  Ltd.
780 BEATTY ST. Phone Sey. 7380
War Savings Certificates
$ 25.OO   FOR    $21.50
50.00    "       43.00
100.00      " 86.00
JAN. 9, 1917
f"lnanoe   departmei.t
In purchasing milk you must rely upon ymir milkman.
Ignorant of the way milk is handled, you have no chance of knowing what happens, to the mill, you use in the kitchen���the milk your
baby and family are drinking. For all you know, your milk may be
of questionable quality.
But when you use Sou-Van Milk you take absolutely no chances.
Here is clean, rich, wholesome milk, that is scientifically bandied all
the way from the cow to your home, and it comes in sterilized bottles.
If you ring up Fairmont 2624 or speak to one of our drivers
you are welcome to a trial bottle of Vancouver's Safest Milk.
Phone Highland 137
Grandview Hospital
VANCOUVER     -     B.C.
Medical : Surgical : Maternity
Kates  from {15.II*  per  week
Classified Advertising
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, 48
Hasting! St. E., and 782 Granville
Street, Vancouver, B. C
wanted to clean and repair at ike
eti all the rest. "See that Man Kerr!" was the slogan prominently printed in all the Vancouver papers���and in the
\ew Westminster papers, including the journal which
printed the elaborate death notice which we quote.
'; "See me bofore buying'.!" ran the invitation in double-
page advertisements. And with the copy usually ran a picture of a fat-faced, curly-haired, pleasant-looking chap of
about forty years.
'" "Did yon ever analyze the possibilities of the fraser Valley as a chicken ranching country?" asked Kerr in 1911.
And he flooded distant cities with his literature and hundreds were induced lo give up fairly good salaries in cities
to go in for chicken-raising among Ihe stumps and rocks of
sidehill subdivisions.
if One gentleman came all the way from Fleet Street to buy
a five-acre tract from Kerr to go in for chickens. Ile
brought his wife and family along lo participate in the
hardships up on a stump farm thirty miles from New Westminster.
ft Kerr sold a five-acre tract to a professor of natural history from an eastern city. The professor came to British
Columbia and pitched a tent on his newly-acquired acreage.
Later he built a shack and sent for hi.s wife and two daughters, young ladies of marriageable years, cultured and refined. The first night they spent on the "ranch," the rain
fell in torrents and nearly flooded them out. The next day
was fair and bright and warm, and the following evening
was pleasant. The professor was doing the cooking. He
had the food cached outside the lent, had built a dining-
table out of doors. As dusk gathered, the professor prepared dinner while a camp fire burned brightly.
* *       -1:        :|!        *        *       Ifl        *        *        *i<       *
|f Out of the shadows came a little animal with white
stripes on its back. It came up out of the nearby brush and
sniffed at the canvas bags where the professor had the meat
and bread andf lour and butter and cheese and tea all neatly
packed away. One of the girls saw it and picked up a stick,
shrieked and fired the stick at thc prowler*
fl "Ye gods," shouted the professor.
]f The little animal being attacked, used the particular
means of self defence with which nature had equipped him.
With the habits and curves of this species, the professor
Was familiar. He warned the girls, after the beast had
made good his escape, not to partake of any of the food;
but tbe girls were hungry.
-1!        :|.        *        *        *        *       *        *        =1=        *r-        *
|f When they reached the interurban car, ten miles away,
the following morning, the professor, wife and daughters
each held thumb and finger firmly over the nose. When
they entered the car, the passengers from up the line, wilh
the exception of a few Chinamen, were quick to realize the
necessity of the gripping of the nose and followed suit,
For the smell of a skunk when received at short range, stays
with one.
* *        *        *        * *        *        *        *        *        :!:
U "Own a five-acre tract." advised Kerr. "Get away from
the salary grind. Be your own boss. Get back to the land."
And all the daily newspapers on the coast lent him their
endorsement to the extent of accepting his advertising and
his money.
jj ARoyal Commission investigating agricultural possibilities came through British Columbia, and one of its members made a public statement to the effect that a man who
would induce another man to try to make a living on five
acres of rough land in the Fraser Valley should be sentenced to live for a term on such a holding.
.-!.        *        *       *        :;:        *        *        *       *        *        *
|[ W. J. Kerr sold millions of dollars worth of real estate in
and about Vancouver and in thc Fraser Valley. He made
money and spent it as quickly as he made it. For a time he
was a big man in British Columbia. The)* elected him
president of the Pacific Highway Association, made him
an official of the automobile club. Once his picture was
sent out through the press alongside that of the Duke of
Connaught���the honorary president and president of this
good roads association shoulder to shoulder.
|f He applied the same advertising methods to real estate
as the circus press agen uses. He was an interesting pirate
and if he had, in his day, run for office, the papers who accepted his advertising would no doubt have supported him
for Ottawa or Victoria. There are men in public life today
of the W. J. Kerr calibre. They are hang-overs from that
period in which Kerr budded forth.
Ut      Hi     %   ���#     s|_   '.* *'i - Jft     ��� ���    *k    ��� ���-    s|e
|f It is a trifle sad to think that a man who spent such
tremendous sums on advertising space in the.papers of British Columbia in the days gone by, should receive such scant
notice in passing. So far, the COLUMBIAN is the only
press offering even a line to "that man Kerr." Shall the
passing of this, the most spectacular advertiser ever to appear in British Columbia, go unmarked by the daily press
of Vancouver?
One race of nun differs from anotli-|but neither lia
er race mucl:
another man,
\ou. if ��e ask concerning the Hritish rare ��� -.vhich is lhe dominant
stock in the United Stales al well us
in all tlie llriiisli bimpirc���what is ils
chief quality we shall nel.au answer
which throws a flobd of light both on
its strength and weakness.    Wc shall
been sexually peris one uuiii differs from'verse or abnormal. Hi- passions ina
have been il|-control|ed, but be has
despised the abomination's and rese
cratiDnS wliich softer and slyer races
have adopted.
Drink is the curse "i our race a ���
opium is of ihc Chinese. And "He who
has sufficient breadth bf sympathy t .
think  racially will  find in  ibis  fact a
be in possession of the secret both nl
its power and the hidden peril which | quarter
may some day destroy it.'
new   reason   for   refusin
I.   As   the  race  becomes
I'hai this is the supreme ran- of tin   ,,ti,,i(ll.,] ���,���]��� ,|K. |
world today there can be
Its language, its literature, its industry! ils commerce, the method of government it worked out, its standards
of life and judgment, and its vigor in
exploration and arms arc not to be
challenged by any rival. .Much more
than a quarter of tbe soil of the earth
is its territory, and many more than
a quarter of tbe earth's population
salute lhe two flags under which it
musters. The wealth and power nf
tbe world are, beyond all comparison,
in its hands'.
It is not tbe supreme economic race
of the world. The sense of values is
not the thing it lives by, That"belongs,
in the western world, to th
which Ihe Mediterranean nourished,
the Jew, tbe Creek, the Armenian.
Long before the Roman Empire fell
these peoples bad become commercialized. They gamed a lead of a
millcnhmi upon our ancestors. Indeed, one of the reasons why the Roman Empire fell was that the Senate
and nubility bad changed tlic military
virtues for those of the merchant.
They had learned to make money and
to prize a whole skin. Hence they
went down at the assault of tbe northern warriors, men "of passionate
courage and the sway of impulse and
imagination." ,
One has only to observe the effects
upon our trade of thc Irruption nf a
comparative few of thc economic races into our midst. The Italians and
Greeks have driven Canadians from
the fruit and confectionery shops. The
Jews arc gaining possession of the
clothing trade. The Chinese ��� ah
Oriental economic race���have their
laundries everywhere, and are planting their "chop sucy" beside each one.
fn spite of tbe advantages of possession, greater capital and the sympathy
of neighbors, wc have been defeated
in these economic contests by a few-
exiles, for the most part moneyless
and illiterate, who are of the real ec
onomic type.
Nor is the strength of the Hritish
race in its martial qualities. The day
of tbe warlike race passed when Kit
clicner obliterated the Dervishes at
Omdurman. War is now "an extra
hazardous branch of engineering."
The present war is a titanic exhibition
of the factory system. It is co-operative efficiency of men and machinery turned to the task of slaughter.
Never again will civilization tremble
with fear of the Goth or the Turk,
'the warlike savage.
Yet, in rejecting the latter alternative wc have conn- very close Im (lie
answer lu our question. For lhe capital, quality nf nur race is ils adven-
luriiiisnt'ss. It loves excitement.
TIeiK'e its love of travel and exploration, of violent and dangerous sports,
and nf gambling ventures in business.
Tt is as pioneer, prospector and promoter rather than as broker and trader that  the Anglo-Saxon    prospers
The Tew iu the Yukon keeps a simp
or office iu Dawson Cily. The man
who makes a strike in the gulches i-
of another temperament. With less
foresight and patience, but with more
enterprise and self-reliance, the llritish race meets the finesse of the economic races with force. So far. in
a world yet hardly explored, and still
brimming with romance, mystery and
undiscovered treasures, he more than
holds bis own. He is strong in war,
in government and thc building of
cities. Mc will live up to a standard
of comfort, and because be means lo
spend be drives himself to get. He v
master of the world by reason of bis
Now, quite logical with all this is
his craving for strong drink. It comes
of his love of excitement. As with
his predatory ancestors it fills in the
dull intervals between forays, anil
stimulates the revelry in the hour of
triumph. Not for him the calm potations which but feebly stir thc
blood, nor the measured moderation
of more lethargic peoples. To drink,
and to drink hard and deep, had been
the inveterate custom of all his fathers. Both biologically and socially
he is a born drinker
Nor has he shown a disposition to
covet other vices. Not for him the
drugs which bring sleep and dreams.
He has not indeed been sexually noire,
oi rrm  the
peculiar strength oi tlie llritish rao-
becomes less of an advantage and it.
peculiar weakness becomes mure 61
a handicap. As the objective field of
excitement narrows the subjective
grows more alluring. The thrills
which can no more be found in sport
nr Speculation are likely 10 be sought
iu drink. There will be more dull in -
ti r\.-lis In be filled in. Life is alread-
very dull for the working classes
Long hours in a factory, with tlu-
nighl to spend in a tenement I Is that
the proper habitat for a man whose
ancestors followed Harry the fifth
to Harfletir or raged down the pass
of Killiekrankie? Tlu- cage puts ai
races Intense strain on the lion's nature.
Something must bc done, both to l>.s
sen (he thirst for an artificial stimulus
and lo supply a stimulus less deadly
ill its consequences if wc arc to hold
our own in a world whose population
is growing and whose rivalries arc
being intensified.
Spiders are probably the mosl indispensable workmen in one ot tbe largest surveying instrument factories.
It is their duty lo spin the delicate
thread which is used for the cross
hairs to mark the exact centre of the
object lens in the surveyor's telescope. Spider web is the only suitable
material yet discovered for the cross
hairs of surveying1 instruments. Almost invisible as this fibre is to the
naked eye it is brought up in the powerful lenses of thc telescope to the
size of a man's thumb so that all defects, if there happened to be any
would bc magnified to such a degree
that the web should bc useless. Human hair bas been tried, but when
magnified it has the apparent dimensions of a rough-hewn lamp-post.
Moreover, human hair is transparent,
and cross hairs must be opaque.
The spiders produce during a two
months' spinning season thousands of
yards of web, which is wound upon
metal frames and stored away until
needed. A spider "at wnrk" dangles
in the air by its invisible thread, the
upper end being attached to a melal
wire frame whirled in the bands of a
girl. The girl first places Ihc spider
on her hand until thc protruding end
of tbe thread has become attached
When tbe spider attempts to leap t"
the ground this end is quickly attached lo (he centre of the whirling frame,
and as the spider pays out thread Ibis
line is wrapped around the frame.
Several hundred feet oi thread can be
removed from a spider at mil' time.
The spiders are kept ill a largl
room under tin supervision of thiee
en-Is   and   a   forcwomffa.     When   not
workmen are plac-
len cage,    Pile* an
f diet.    During the
months iln- spider colony us-
diis,   so   that  an   entirely   new
of workmen must be recruited.
very spider will do���only large,
spinning llie littl
ed in a large WOI
ihc chief article
fat fellows that spin  a  tough,
thread arc suitable.
*  RANGES, or
Visit the
(Between Robson and Smythe)


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