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The Standard Jul 28, 1917

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 Vol. VI.. No. lO���Established 191 1
Price Five Cents
Vancouver's Social Problems.
A Stirring Communication From
The Pen of Mrs. J. O. Perry
The Standard this week has the honor of publishing the first of a series of articles by Mrs. J. O.
Perry, whose quiet work in Ihe city, though not
widely known, has been of grcat lasting benefit to the
community. .Mrs. Perry has given freely of her time
and her resources in the great work of investigation
of those sad cases "which from time to time occur and
in aiding in the uplifting of friendless young women.
Mrs. Perry's records of her work form an astonishing story af one side of the life of the city. Of
course it will not be possible for her to make public
the various entries in her ledger; but her articles
based upon these cases should be of real value.
Readers will notice that Mrs. Perry spacks highly
of the work of the present mayor.   Wc are glad  to
publish this reference to his worship.   Though  The
Standard has criticised that official rather severely at j
limes, we.are sufficiently fair to allow friends of thc\
mayor to put forivard their side in these columns.
If as Carlyle says the strength of a man's character |
can be judged by the number of his enemies, then
Mayor Mc Heath is to be congratulated, not only as to
his strength computed by tliis standard, but also, by
contrast to the class distinction of his enemies���the
"Whiskey Ring."
The outspoken fearless castigation which the
"Standard" meted out to the principals in the terrible
Cowan tragedy proves tliat the "Standard" at least
does not cringe to the liquor interest. All the more
astonishing then, the adverse criticism of the Mayor,
under such dime novel headings as "Leads to murder
���and incendiarism," etc.
The various woman's organization-, in which the
writer holds office, have committee- for the study of
i*ivic problems and they, as regards the Mayor,' have
yet to record a single "black" on their ledger. I qualify
llie above statement by admitting that there was one
action we regretted, but we found, in looking up lhe
minutes, that the Mayor wits not especially responsible,
as the matter in question wa-- not decided by his casting vote.
The problems which have faced our city fur the
two years past, would have taxed the wisdom uf a
Solomon; yet what support has our Mayor received
from'the daily papers? Xot only has he heen refused
support, but it actually looks like concerted action in
a display of venomous ridicule. Arguments can be
met by convincing facts, but ridicule is the coward's
weapon with which our dailies are past master in fencing the truth.
Whenever the Mayor has accomplished some
amelioration of adverse social conditions it is merely
recorded as an item of news; but let the same take
place thousands of miles removed from Vancouver,
triple headlines are in order. Take a late incident. The
conditions in the cafes and hotels were past believing.
The citizens singly and in committee urged the Mayor
for the past year to take action, but relying on authorities that "all was well" deferred action until to insistent
���demands took the only course open to him, to prove
as to whether the public demand was based on an overdraw of imagination, . . . And now comes the
sequel, equally scandalous with the proven facts.
The press in reporting results forgot to commend
the Mayor any way adequately for the discovery of the
open defiance of law and the dastardly coralling of
young girls in these dens where the "preliminary steps"
are taken through the innocent tea pots to make up
the ninety per cent, of ruined girlhood, which a magistrate declared were the victims of this system. The
press, with only one exception, saw only the staged
farce of the disguised detectives. The daliies were
more concerned for the reputation of our city arising
from the "undignified" proceedings of the Mayor and
Hoard, than the horrible traffic of these dens in drag-
ing our young womanhood down into the undertow 1
of city life. Many of these comments are pasted inl
our ledger awaiting a day of reckoning. __
Since everything reflecting on the liquor traffic is;
taboo, and were it not for the early enforcement of;
prohibition, when the minimum will be reached in ad-!
verse social conditions, a prospect to launch a paper j
through which the public would be correctly informed
on the true and appaling state of affairs, would e'er!
this have materialized.
Thc Mayor has had the courage to take tlie in-!
itiative' in remedying abuses that have for years disgraced our city and which the press has studiously
avoided commending, but diligently* fought for a crevice through which to shoot its darts of ridicule.
The fact of criminals escaping through technicalities and defective laws, had become a public scandal,
the_Mayor and Police- Commissioners requested the
Crown Prosecutor to take stated cases up, personally,
with the Minister of Justice. The conditions arising
due to unsatisfactory licensing laws regarding clubs,
needs no comment. The amendment to the Pharmaceutical Act, lately enacted in order to restrict the
drug traffic, was due to the Mayor's activity.
The people of this city have more to thank Mayor
McBeath for titan they are permitted to know. The
citizens were not deceived by the hypocritical inconsistencies and "no surrender" howl raised by the "ring
critics" over the action of the Mayor, re the firemen's
demand. It was indeed, with "bated breath" the taxpayers waited for the word that proved the Mayor was
true to his trust and preferred to protect thc homes of
the citizens in preference to considering his "Amour
propre." Had he hesitated, the scribes would have
exhausted all the adjectives in Webster, in denouncing
his treachery in prefering self-respect to public interest. Had the decision depended upon the ratepayers' votes, the nays would have marked a dozen.
A Poet From The Railway
Mr. C. J. Dennis and
TIIE dangers ot the Mediterranean
route between Australia and
England have tndueed a large
number of Australians to pass
through Canada, who otherwise
might never have known this country, and have brought Australia into
closer sympathy with the Dominion
than ever before. Canadians also
have learned to appreciate-the An
zacs, and the Increasing trade between these two junior partners, of
the British Empire, as shown in tbe
record traffic of the Canadian Australasian service, is one of the bright
sides of this war. There are many
points of common touch���both are
vast countries anxious for greater
population and both are on the whole
still mainly agricultural. The comparative absence of cabled news from
Australia in Canadian papers Is, however, a handicap against tbe knowledge of each other's social problems
and progress, and Australian authors
are as little known in Canada as
Canadian writers are ln the Antipodes.
One poet of Australia Is. however,
waking headway  here and deserves
lus home iii the bush at Tooiaugi, Victoria, N.S.W.
to be even better known���so vivid ai tion of the Canadian Pacific Railway
picture does he give of the Aus- j attracted men of all classes, some of
iralian larrikin ln the terse vernacu-'which, such as Morley Roberts and
lar of Adelaide, "Doreen and the Frederick Niven, have since made
Sentimental Bloke," which In its , their mark in literature, so the build-
own country has run Into the hun- j Ing of the Australian railways pro-
died thousands and has been put Into! vlded a job at one time of his career
a  pocket edition  for the soldiers in  for C. J. Dennis, who as a man handy
the trenches, threatens to rival even
Robert Service (who like himself
owes much to Kipling 1  in the affec
with the axe and saw was able afterwards to draw pay as a carpenter.
His father was a retired sea captain
tions  of   the   Canadian   reader,   and ; and a hotelkeeper with small apprecl-
tbough "The Moods of Ginger Mick,"
wliich has made a tremendous hit In
Australia, has not yet been published
in this country, stray copies pass
from hand to hand and are greatly
treasured. Ginger Mick is a peddler
of rabbits who volunteers for the
front and dies like a hero at Galll-
poll. Dennis' "Baekblock Ballads,"
descriptive of the people of the Australian bush and tha settled country
districts are classics.
Dennis wrote "Doreen" In the bush
at Toolangl, Victoria, in a log cabin
wliich he built himself after he had
grown tired of being a Government
official and a newspaper editor.
Just as the early days of construe-
ation of poetry. At one of the rockiest periods of his career the poet
wired the publican "Send ten pounds,
going Broken Hill," to which his
father replied "Sending nothing, go
to Hell." In spite of this lack of
sympathy, Dennis became editor of
the "Adelaide Critic," which he left
to establish the "Gadfly," a saucy
paper on the lines of New York
"Life." This paper was once accused
by a correspondent of sectarian bias.
Dennis replied that the paper was
controlled by an Anglican, a Roman
Catholic, a Weslyan Methodist and an
Atheist, and gave It as his opinion
that the Atheist was "the most re.
llglous man of the lot."
As it is the Mayor's action has possibly deprived a few
"bond holders" of a Neronian pleasure.
Featuring one subject at a time, a series of short
write-ups on conditions and methods adopted to fight
same will be forthcoming. Our ledger can be depended upon to give only facts corroborated by reliable
witnesses and police records, lt is time that the forces
organized for decent citizenship should probe this
"Down the Mayor conspiracy."
A nigger in the fence is evident, but that his complexion is altogether of a political hue is doubtful. It
is up to the organizations for social welfare to find out
the paternity of tllis nigger and just how black he is.
*   *   *
CHE new sociology is somewhat of a misnomer as
it's principles in many of the Suites and in our
eastern provinces have already passed the experimental
stage. It is new, however, as regards its adoption in
British Columbia. Owing to space limitation I cannot, in this paper treat all the problems which the new
sociology covers, but'will confine my remarks to the
methods of penalization as in vogue in our province.
After seven years of study and in close personal
touch with conditions 1 feel justified in claiming your
confidence and credence for the matters herein
The underlying principles of the new sociology
are���prevention, scientific examination, and treatment
of the physical defects of the criminal with a view to
obtaining a knowledge of his responsibility and chances
for rehabilitation; and thirdly, vocational training, so
that on leaving prison, he or she may become a self-
supporting, self-respecting citizen.
Finding that the old methods of penalizing���of
simply incarcerating in penitentiaries, subject to the
same uniform, same diet, same discipline, no gradation :
the only difference between the simple offences and
the serious being the duration of serving time���had
utterly failed so far as redemptive corrective results
were concerned; statistics prove that the majority of
criminals upon release entered again upon their criminal career with an added incentive to take revenge
upon society.
The New York State Commission, International in
scope, after a series of investigations, stated that two-
thirds of the inmates of prisons should have been sent
to hospitals.
Dr. Wendell Holmes declares that we should consider all sinners as patients. Whilst qualifying' such a
sweeping statement, the new sociology demands that
not alone evidence of guilt be forthcoming, but an investigation of the culprit's responsibility for liis acl-.
in many cases it was found mental deficiency or some
physical defect which a surgeon's knife might have
removed, weakened the man or woman's will power
and thus the power of resistance. The difference between the old methods and the new sociology : the form
er incarcerates without redemptive measures with a
-result-r-increase of criminal classes. The new sociology adopts the more humane policy in treating scientifically physical defects wilh a view to produc .i
sound mind through a sound body, thus restoring
normal mentality and will power.
Let us see in how far we have adopted or neglected
the principles of the new sociology in our penalizing
methods. W'e would naturally suppose in our comparatively young province, our legislators would have
considered it good business to have investigated and
incorporated into our system the advanced methods
pertaining to the older sister provinces in the east
of us.
We have three courts with jurisdiction over the
criminal code;���the Juvenile court is the nearest attempt made in British Columbia to introduce and further the new sociology, that of prevention. 1 say attempt advisedly, for this court whilst doing good work
is not fulfilling its full mission, lt is restricted and
hampered because of its limited jurisdiction extending
only over children under 16 years of age.
This is the age fathers and mothers note with alarm
tliat Willie and Mary begin to show a certain restlessness when the boy or girl is considered independent
and is impatient or parental authority when the reason lies not in the perversity of the child but in the
causes physical and psychological not understood by
the parent.
It was the number of girls in grave danger that
decided my resignation on thc Juvenile Court Committee, in order to try to stem the steady stream of
young girls being drawn into the undertow of city
life. The 144 girls on my ledger could have passed
into the court lessening the danger to their young womanhood and eliminating lhe element of danger to our
young men found in the lure of thc streets. Therefore
if you are looking for constructive work get busy on
this and demand that the age of jurisdiction be raised
to at least 18 vears. In some states it has been raised
to 21.
Thc magistrates or lower court. A noted historian
has said "that when a people begin to doubt or lose
faith in their judiciary, the rumblings of a revolution
l- let far off." I would not insinuate that we are approaching stu-h a cn-i- m British Columbia, but late
experience proves one of two things���either the bandage has fallen from the eyes ���{ justice or that our laws
have been so formed so as to defeat instead oi further*
ing same.
The legal mind may have a certain contempt for
the ordinary lay intelligence in its failure to appreciate
the fine intricacies of the law, resulting in the following instances of the most flagrant miscarriage of justice:
A Chinaman in the lower court was condemned to
two years imprisonment for debauching three young
white girls. The evidence was of a particularly deplorable nature. He received a sentence of two years,
and our women's organizations were disappointed considering that twenty years and the lash would more
equably have met the case. However, the defending
lawyer appealed the case to the Higher Court. Again
our women took heart, considering that the calibre of
the High Court to be superior to that of the Lower
We confidently expected a revision of judgment,
that justice would at last prevail and twentv vears sentence would be forthcoming.
fmagine our dismay when this human vulture was
not even fined, but went forth a free man. The legal
genius being able to prove to the judge's satisfaction
that because the code did not especially specify procuring young- girls for his own use. but had he procured them for someone else, then only could he have
been held liable.
Another case���a woman confessed her guilt fi r
the stealing of a diamond ring. Notwithstanding her
confession the conn found her not guilty, on the
ground that -he got i��� through the window and did
not break open the door. etc.. therefore it was not
house-breaking, (another defect in the law).
Still another���a man on trial for selling liquor to
an Indian confessed his guilt. Tlie Indian also giving
corroborative evidence. The judge Was about to pronounce sentence when the defending lawyer drew his
attention to the indictment paper, pointing out lhat the
word Indian had been omitted therefrom. "Well." the
judge replied, "he says he i- an Indian, mv -en^es tell
me he is an Indian, my eyes confirm the fact, but officially I do not know lie is an Indian, therefore 1 dismiss the case."
Surely in the above instances could have been found
sufficient matter to have justified the exercising of discretionary powers, and in view of the confession of
guilt, could have considered faulty wording of acts and
onimission in indictment paper- as "scraps of paper."
That to a too close adherence to the letter of the law,
rather than to its spirit is due such an outrageous
anamoly persistetiilj declaring to the King or Crown
'1 am guilty" and the bench finding not guilty. Surely
"Bumbles" is right when he says, "ihe law is ban bass."
A very grave .situation faces us and not ihe least
of our problems: if the efforts of our police in maintaining law and order are thus frustrated bv the very
tribunals which should prove to be their main support.
So scandalous did the situation become tliat tlie prosecuting attorney was sent h*. the Mayor and commissioners to Ottawa to interview the Minister of Justice.
I succeeded through the efforts of the Chief and
Mayor, that the case of the Chinaman already mentioned was added to the list, and as a result confidently
look tor an amendment. J personally questioned
judges, one in the Magistrates' and in the High
Court as to whose duty ii was, when such travesties of
justice occur to seek the amendment of defective laws.
They both repudiated any responsibility. Thev "were
there to administer the law a- thej  found it."
Will onr citizens longer permil such an intolerable
suite of affairs.   Let lis persist in demanding thai the
responsibility be placed, so thai  in  future no sn.-'
farcical caricature of justice will disgrace our courts
'MRS i I.n. PERRY.
The old ladies in ( Ittawa have appointed a commission to enquire into the repon of the i I'Connor com.
mission re bacon. We have no reason to believe that
a third commission will not later he appointed 11
probe the report of the second commission.
* *   *
To refer to the government as a band of old ladies
is hardly fair to the ladies. We honestly believi thai
ii Borden had a women's auxiliary working with him
the country would he better off.
* *   *
Gadshy calls the House of Common- the "house of
overdrafts." The first tiling a member receives upon
reaching Ottawa is an overdraft at thc bank, saitli
* *  *
-King George'may now be addressed as "The
King": hut the Reeve of Soulh Vancouver is still
"His Worship." We shall have to start a movement
to democratize the reeve belt.
*    *    *    *
"It is perhaps been noticed that some of our most
vociferous pariot* find a little time to look up, .the
list of desirable offices to be filled at the next election."    This is an excerpt from  Bryan's Commoner.
It has a Canadian as well as. an American application.
* *   *
Xow that Ex-president William Howard Taft has
accepted a contract to lecture on the Chautaqua circuit, wc sec no reason why His Honor Judge Mclnnes
should not undertake >'a similar engagement. His
Honor might well take up work of this kind during
the vacation, unloose the flood gates of his wit anil
oratory and improve and entertain the multitudes.
So far there is only one member of the Brewster
Cabinet who seems to have the .gift of charming them
all���men. women. Grits and Tories. We refer to the
genial Mr. Sloan whose appointments gazetted last
week of engineew for the various mining districts
have been favorably commented upon in all quarters.
_________ TWO
SATURDAY, JULY 28,  1917
S teamen
a.m. for
leave Union Dock daily at 9:15 a.m.. Sunday at 10:30
Bowen Island, Britannia Mines, Squamish and way points
at 7:30 ii.m.
Meals on Board
a Steamer leaves Union Dock at 2:00 p.m. for Bowen
returning from Bowen Island at 6:30 a.m. on Monda
1  Hotel Service this makes a delightful week end.
Or. Saturday!
Island direct
With  our go
Terminal Steam Navigation Company Ltd.
It Is Time To Decide
The Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Switzerland  of North America
Where the holiday-maker can enjoy mountain climbing, hunting.
fishing, bathing and camping, in a climate that invigorates and
strengthens. For scenic beauty and grandeur, the country traversed
by the  P. G.  E. cannot be surpassed.
An illustrated booklet containing useful information for your guidance, will be mailed on application tu Passenger Department, 404
Welton  Block,    rimne Seymour 9547.
Pacific Great Eastern   Ry.
Summer Voyages of Two to Six Days
by the
Eight Vessels "8" in Regular Service
Union Steamship Co'y.
of B.C. Limited
Calling at all Northern B. C. Points
Head  Offices: VANCOUVER
Union Dock, Foot of Carrall Street.
Telephone Seymour 306
Also Victoria and Prince Kupert
Canadian Northern Railway
FRIDAY, 9.00 A.M.
8.00 A. M. SUNDAY
7.00 p.m.    Leave   VANCOUVER  ....Arrive a.m. 11,11
9.45 p.m.    Arrive    Chilliwack    Arrive a.m.    8.IE
11.00 p.m.    Arrive    Hope    Leave a.m.    7.00
Full particulars may be obtained from any Canadian Northern Agent.
Phone Seymour 2482
-{RuHK '
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Lines
C. E. Jcanej, G. A. P.
Plione:  Sejr. 1114
O. Connolly. C. P. P.
1ST OruvUla ItrMt
To "Get a Move On
~"    removal of your HOUSEHOLD GOODS
Nearly 20 years experience has put us in a position where we can say
anrl prove it right up to the hilt.
Talk your moving plans over with us. Phone
Seymour 7360 or come on down and see us if you
can. Get acquainted with our big moving organization���then you'll be perfectly content to leave your
order with us.
Fireproof   Storage
Co.   limited.
786 BEATTY ST. Phone Sey.  7360
rtr.on- and  campers in  v.��� .^.<!<--i
Where to go and What to See���Recreation, Cycling, Fishing, Camping,  Wheel  Wanderings, Etc.
(By Rover)
Cyclist Joe Mclvor Tells Interesting
Story of Long Cycle Trip in
the Interior
Leaving the city limits at eleven
o'clock on the first day of June 1 was
soon skimming along that splendidly
paved Kingsway, towards Westminster. As the autos passed me I felt
very much tempted, like in the hey
day of my youth, to clip in behind
some of them, and take a pace. The
knowledge that I had some four hundred miles of road before me deterred
me from running myself out on the
first day. Westminster was reached
in good time, and passing through,
crossed the Fraser River and so on
towards Langley Prairie. The goml
roads was certainly a very agreeable
surprise to me. Half way to Chilliwack I dismounted at a country store
and had a, light lunch. Mounting
again I passed through Abbotsford
and reached Chilliwack at seven
o'clock. This was not so had considering that I had done no cycling for
over six years. The roads between
Vancouverfand Chilliwack arc
good, and  that  more  cyclists  do   mi
thing. The cabin evidently belonged
to the blacksmith on one of the road
gangs, and he had not long left as
there was a bed with blankets, also
a bannock and tea and sugar. 1 feel
sure he was a married man as the bannock was like, and tasted like the work
of an amateur. 1 took the liberty of
making tea and eating sonie of the
bannock, then slipping into my sleeping suit slept the sleep of the weary.
Next morning I was up early, lixed
the wheel, had tea and some more
bannock, left a note of thanks for the
use of the cabin, also some coin for
the tea, etc. I reached Lillooett between ten and eleven. My route did
not lie through the latter place, but I
went live miles out to satisfy the inner
man. Leaving Lillooett I made Clinton, on the Cariboo road. There were
some awful hills On this' road and
some fine views of the Fraser River.
About four o'clock that afternoon it
rained, and I came across two men in
a freight car belonging to the P. G. E.
I was invited in out of the wet, and
as 1 felt played out by the heavy road
reallylwas ��"^ *���� s'at' t0 c��mply. One nf
the men put down a pot of coffee and
take   advantage
surprised me.
Whilst strolling around thc town
after supper an auto driver advised
me to take the C. N. R, train out
that evening as the road to Hope was
awful. T did not like the idea of
trains when I had started out to cycle,
so I discarded his advice and stayed
overnight at Chilliwack. About eight
o'clock the next morning T set out
for Hope. It was plain sailing to
Rosedale, but after that I thought I
must have lost my- way, as the road
narrowed, was full of ruts, and, in the
hollows formed by the hills great
pools of water lay. Coming down the
first hill I tried to ride through a pool,
but it was deeper than I imagined so
I got stuck in the middle and like
Mahommed's coffin hung twixt heaven
and earth. As T fell 1 tried to clear
the water, but all in vain. There was
a lot of bracken about so 1 used it to
wipe some of the water and mud from
of   these   conditions new made ''read' also ,1,eat aml fr*,it'
'The men were section hands on th
line and hailed from Sweden. Feeling
greatly refreshed by the rest and refreshments, a hint (if paying for same
was indignantly rejected. 1 thanked
the men for their kindness and started
off again. I did not go far before I
encountered a hill which 1 took over
two hours to climb, pushing my wheel
all the time. At the top there was a
large ranch, and as it now .commenced
to rain again decided I had travelled
far enough that day as I felt really
tired. This, my fourth day out was
when I felt the most used up, after
that I seemed to improve all the time.
I reached the ranch in time for supper,
which was all that one could desire.
After supper my hosts went into the
parloj: and the farmer's wife and another ktdy entertained us to niusig on
a player piano. That evening it rained, and snowed at the ranch, which
must be quite a bit above two thous-
my clothes. The roads were bad until |and fee-' above sea *eve1' Tne roa*ls
I came to a little place St. Elmo. At
this place the mountains tower right
up, and it is a sight worth seeing to
follow the course of a mountain torrent which emerges from a bank of
,snow away up the mountain top. There
is a little store where one can get a
light lunch at a reasonable cost. After
St. Elmo the roads improved and Hope
was reached about two thirty, or six
and a half hours for 35 miles. Of this
distance I walked quite a lot, but later
on in the year the roads may be better. I also found that my gear was
too  high,   over  80.    I   found   out
gave  it,  it was  all   twisted  and bent.
Otherwise  everything   went  welt.
Abolish Breeding Places to Eliminate
the Pests.
One of the worst summer pests with
wliich humanity bas tu contend) is the
mosquito, and yet those who suffer
most usually do least to abolish the
cause. Most people endeavor to prb-
tect themselves from mosquitoes, but
the place to secure the greatest results is where they breed.
Mosquitoes breed in stagnant water.
Rain-water barrels, old tin cans nr
pails partly filled with water, ami
stagnant pools offer welcome breeding places. These should be cither
drained nr protected.     People at sum-
tiistricts art- much  troubled  with  n'i-
gquitoes and this pest  greatly  minimizes   the   number   wlm   would   -
their summers in the open air.
'In prevent them breeding, stagnant
water, if it cannot he drained off.
Should he sprinkled wilh low grade
kerosene, which will quickly form a
film over the surface and prevent the
larvae coming to the surface to
For protecting the person [i iiu
mosquitoes, many substances may he
used to rub on the hands and face, one
being composed nf one ounce each <>f
castor oil, alcohol and lavender water;
another, one ounce of oil of citronella
and four ounces nf liquid vaseline,
while oil of cassia has been used to
good effect and the odor is not objectionable.
Therc are many powders on the
market wliich are mole or less efficient insecticides. The foresters of
the Commission of Conservation, in
their surveys, have used a powder,
"Huhach," which was found very effective when burned iu the tents in
the   evening before   retiring,   the   mo
squitoes and Hies being
smoke fumes.
killed by the
A very wealthy man lay on his
death-bed whin a great mark of distinction and honor was brought to
him. Turning a cold glance nn the
treasure he would once have clutched
with an eager grasp, he said with a
sigh, "Alas! this is a very line thing
in tllis country; but I am going tn a
country where it will In- of no use to
next morning were heavy, lifting mud
so that my tires got chocked between
the mudguards and I had to poke the
mud out. After five miles the roads
improved, and I reached Clinton about
eleven. I at once maile for the blacksmith as niy left pedal had about an
inch of play, which made pedalling
very jerky. I had luncheon here', and
getting my wheel left about two I
I was now on the Cariboo trail, but
it was not in as good shape as I had
hoped.    There  were   too  many   ruts,
Hope that beyond Yale there was real-!.tllat  evening.
;ltlbut still I made the 70 Mile House
that evening. Next day the roads
ly no road, being told that the bridges lwerc sti" hi that rutty state, but I
had fallen and that the C. P. R. in fix- ma<lc 'he 100 Mile House for lunching their line had also added to the eon> and the 134 Mile House that eve-
destruction of the road. I left Hope ,n'"g between six and seven. From the
in the evening, and reached Yale about .'08 M'le House the roads were free
dusk. It was the same story here ��f rl|ts and in good order. YVedncs-
about there being no road, so 1 put up ida>'> at one o'clock found me at Soda
at   that   comfortable    hostel   "Hotel Creek, and that day I had three punc-
Classified Advertising
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, 48
Hastings St. E., and 782 Granville
Street, Vancouver, B.  C.
10,000 WATCHES ��nd CLOCKS
wanted to clean  and repair at th<
factory, 438 RICHARDS STREET
To Yale from Vancouver makes a
trip of about 120 miles, and is a trip
well worth taking. The next day I
got a train about one o'clock, and
went as advised to Lytton, reaching
there at three fifteen. This ride took
me over fifty miles. Starting from
Lytton I at once made tracks for
LUlcoett, 47 miles distant. The country was hilly, but the road surface
good, with the exception of a few hills
which were so cut up I had to walk
down. About 35 miles out, going
down a hill where the road was cut
right from the face of a cliff I ran
across some sharp stones and experienced the first puncture, of the
trip. Tllis vvas about eight in the evening, and the contour of the country
made it look unlikely that there would
he any ranches for miles. 1 thought
it would be a night under the stars
for me���but walking on a little espied
a little pipe with flowing water, and
looking further discovered a little
cabin. There was a smith's fire outside, also a cook stove, but, alas, the
cabin was empty and padlocked. For
a moment 1 was beaten, but managed
to   get   inside   without   breaking   any-
tttres, and a blow-out, which was tbe
record. This was six and a half days
for a distance of 400 miles, fifty of
which were done by train, but my
actual travelling and riding time each
day was as follows:
First day���70 miles; 8 hours; Vancouver to Chilliwack.
Second day���48 miles; 8 1-2 hours;
Chilliwack to Yale.
Third day���35 miles; 4 3-4 hours:
Yale to 35 miles on Lillooett  Road.
Fourth day���43 miles; 10 hours; 13
miles from Lillooet to 30 beyond Car-
Fifth day���61 miles; 10 hours; Car-
sons  to 70  Mile  House.
Sixth day���64 miles; 10 hours; 70
Mile House to 134 Mile House.
Seventh day���45 miles; 6 hours; 134
Mile House to Soda Creek.
If I had to make the journey over
again I would have a gear around 64.
which would make the hill climbing
easier. The journey was quite a
scenic route in its way, and it is quite
possible I may ride back this fall. One
of my pedals gave me quite a lot of
trouble, and one of my toe clips wore
out  on  accoutn  of  the  ha��d  work  I
Several thousand officers and* employees of the Canadian Pacific
Railway Company enlisted for active military duty with the Canadian
Expeditionary Forces, and the majority of them are now in Europe
bravely buttling for Canada and the Empire.
Assistant Agent
Loco. Fireman
Car Repairer
Atkinson, .lames M,
IBavester, Frank
|berry, Charles
Bissonnette, Albert
Blackwell, William
Bottomley, William
Boyd, James
Broom, Roy
Buchan, William
Bul), Chas. Humph.
Col vert, Thomas
Campbell, Pius Jos.
Carter, David
Chandler, William
Chittenden, Alfred
Clementson, John F,
Cope, James
Crooks, Win. David
Culling. Fred. G.
Davidson, James
Davis, A. St. Alban
DeMill, Frank
Depledge, John
Dion, Jos. Alphonse
Duncan, Jas. Rlffuth Conductor
Dunn, Joseph Helper
Kades, Robert Constable
Edmondson, Isaac      Loco. Fireman
Ellaeott, James L.      Clerk
Everest, Edwin F.      Baggageman
Ferguson, Leonard C.Trainman
Frank, Charles F.      Clerk
Gatehouse, Arnold     Storeman
George, l_eo Bernard Apprentice
George, Stanley W.    Timekeeper
Grant, Edward J.
Hall, George
Hancock, William
Hardwicke, John T.
Harvey, Bernard N.
Hayward, Harry
Heatley, Alexander
llillier, Frank
Hourd, Albert Paget Clerk
Howie, Saml. Currle Clerk
Hutchinson, Jas. W.   Stenographer
lrlam, Thomas
Jesslman, George J.   Clerk
Jones, John Walter
Knox, William S.       Carpenter
Lane, Albert Edward Clerk
Lord, Arthur Clerk
Ludeman, Fred. Cleaner
McDonald, Archlba'djCleaner
McDonald, Walter A. Clerk
McKay, Alexander     Brakeman
Mackenzie, Donald
McKUlop, Donald
McLeod, John A.
McNalr, J.
Mi Nieol, James
Mason, Walter John
Brit. Col. Dist
Medicine Hat
West Toronto
Montreal   ���
Wounded and missing
Died of wounde
Killed ln action
Killed ln action
Died of wounds
Killed ln action
Presumed dead
Killed in action
B.C.Coast SS. Ser. Died of woundn
Looo. Fireman
Car Cleaner
Loco. Fireman
Car Repairer
Manitoba Dist.
Brit. Col. Dist.
Brit. Coil. Dist
Kootenay Cen.Ry.Wounded
Winnipeg Wounded
Presumed dead
Believed dead
Died of wounds
Menard, Noel Arthur Head Bellman
Miller, Joseph
Mill-can, William
Morris, John
Morris, Mark
Mottley, John A.
Murdock, Wm. H.
Nicolson, Murdoch
Park, Leslie
Parkinson, Ed. R. B. Clerk
Parsons, Ed. James    Loco. Fireman
Pearson, George C.     Helper
Pegg, Henry Constable
Pippard, Fred. G.        Loco. Fireman
Pitts, Walter G. Stripper
Plater, Ernest Apprentice
Prizeman, George A. Cashier
Riekards, George T.    Loco. Fireman
Robinson, Hugh M.     Loco. E'nglneer
Rosby. Asa Foster      Apprentice
Russell John Joseph Waiter
Sands, Thos. Henry   Loco. Engineer
Savage, Chas. Henry Timekeeper
Scott, Dave Yardman
Scott, John Stewart   Clerk
Small, Wm. Wallace
Smythe. John Wm.
Sarkev. Cecil S.
North Bay
Lamp and Heater Winnipeg
Moose Jaw
McAdam Jen.
Fort William
Moose Jaw
West Calgary
Brit Col. Dist.
Smith's Falls
Smith's Falls
Smith's Falls
West Toronto
Fort William
I-oeo. Fireman
Loco. Fireman
Stockdale. Wm. J.
Syken, Norris
Tliomris'-*' Henry
Tnole, Irerry
Turnbull. Hercv
Wahsbrough, ij. c
Ward, Cvril
Welch, M_ii'He��
Whyte, William r>.
Wilkin, Francis A.
Wilson, Willard N.
W-xnri, William
Whitney, forty H.
IjOco, Fireman
Co I ler
Car Repairer
Car Repairer
Killed in action
Killed in action
Killed in action
Killed in action
Gassed and dead
Killed In action
Killed in action
Killed in action
Killed in action
Died of wounds
Killed in action
Wounded and missing
Killed in action
Killed in action
Shell shock
Killed In action
R.C.CoastSS Ser. Presumed dead
Parry Sound Presumed dead
North Bay
Brit Col. Dist
Wept Toronto
Moose Jaw
Killed in action
Wounded   1
._;'i_:._..i_, dai_e l��lli, 11
(List 18).
mt SATURDAY, JULY 28, 1917
Milady's Gossip
Beautiful English Hay is once more
at the zenith of ils popularity as a
resort for the citizens of and visitor,
to Vancouver, as well as all the happ)
children fried from school for thei
holidays; and each afternoon sees it
almost     approaching     the     crowded
movement and merriment of a fair.
Indeed, it is a sight to cheer any
heart, tbe brilliant sparkle of stin-
fblne on land and water. Tbe moving
kalideoscopic mass of humanity, in
brightly colored bathing garments,
and bobbing beads in scarlet, green,
blue  or  yellow  caps.
Where tbe world over could be
found more lovely settings than those
which uiir most popular beach can
���how? with its wealth of greenery,!
and stately snow capped mountains.*
If���how that paltry little word "if"
will crop up everywhere, and what a
change of meaning its two letters can
hold���if only the sand was real sand,
and it only the water was nice clear,
clean, water,���it would surely be one
of the most perfect bathing beaches
of which any city could boast.
1, however, have recollections of
sands pure gold in color, soft, dry.
warm, aud oh! so clean, washed twice
daily by the rolling waves of an ebbing and flowing tide, aud these recollections will not let me regard Knglish
Bay with the loving eye of the bather;
but, even so, as a lover of scenery
and a student of human nature, 1 can
while away many an hour most profitably at the  Bay.
From the point of view of a bather,
too, I feel that I must be one of those
wretched exceptions whose only use
is that they go to prove a rule, for
, all ages, all sorts, and all sizes of
people arc to bc found desportiiu
themselves  in  the  water  or  sunning
themselves on the beach.
* * *
During the last week I have haunted
tlic Ray in the vain effort of finding
some excuse for that good lady visitor
of highly respectable family from the
East, who wrote in such scathing
terms to one of our leading newspapers regarding tbe immodest) and
indecency of costumes displace !
there, but so far I have failed in discover it.
I have watched tbe mothers with
families, often women of ample pr i-
portlons, arrayed in their sensibl ���
close-fitting wool jersey costumes,
with legs���or, perhaps, propriety le-
mands that I should say "nether
limbs"���encased in stockings, esc r-
ing their little brood into the water. A
little later 1 see the mother out or,
the sands, drying the face and shoulders of her youngest wee mite, wrap
ping a cloak about it for warmth, ami
settling it comfortably in the sun, regardless of the fact that the wet gown
clinging  closely   reveals  tbe   line-   oi
her figure, or that between stocking
top and bathing dress a wide gap has
made its appearance, blissfully unconscious of everything but the welfare of her child.
Surely then, in this picture of maternal care, and companionship in a
health giving recreation, given with
absolute un-selfconsciousness. i- no
place to look for immodesty.
So f turned my attention to the
younger generation for signs of that
blatant immodesty so shocking to a
visitor, but once more I was forced to
the conclusion tllat, either somewhere
in myself must be a big streak of depravity, or else the good lady was
possessed of that uncomfortable sort
of vision, that sees evil where none is
For to me the girls arc delightful,
the grace of well formed limb, the
bright eyes, sun kissed faces, necks
and arms, straying curls beneath
brightly colored caps, or flowing locks
drying in the sun.
Surely then, I find nothing here but
a sensation of youth, with all the spontaneous joyousness and lightness of
heart that youth brings, particularly
when freed for the nonce from the
shackles of conventional garb.
Everywhere I find something that
makes its appeal to my artistic
(sense,���the grace of a pose, the dimple
of an elbow, the soft curve of a throat,
the dazzling purity of a complexion.���
all are there, and I delight in them all,
and,���I am not a man.
* * *
One thing there is at the Hay, that
I truly say, in conjunction with many
another woman, does cause me distress, and that is the forcible immersion in thc water of young children
by their parents. It is, of course, intended beneficially, but mothers and
fathers little know what harm they
(are doing to the nervous systems of
their children by these enforced ducklings.
It is natural to many children to
love the water and feel no fear of it.
i or others, differently constituted temperamentally, it undoubtedly holds
many terrors.
ll is not only the case with children.
there are many grown-ups who have
never been able to tj'uite overcome a
fear of lhe sea. Older people can. of
course, reason for themselves and so
di-sipate much of the terror, hut
young children can only feel without
knowing  the   reason  why,  aud   it's  a
most cruel and reprehensible thing t ���
play upon tbofe fear-.
The harm done t" a child- nervous
system in one afternoon .vill counteract a month's good which m i> I...
rind   from   the  bathing.
I have frequently seen iiu!, [oti
of anything from two to six years
old taken in screaming, trembling, almost paralysed with fear, to the injury of themselves ami the distress ol
the onlooker's. I have watched the
wee things sit for an hour afterwards
on the sand white and shivering, the
little bodies run with intermittent
sobs, quite unable to recover from
the shock, ami I know how later thej
will wake in the nighl terrified and
crying, the horror of it -till working
in the little brain.
So many parents are cruel llmpl)
because they will not grasp the fact
that children are bom with temperaments. A little careful thought and
study can trace most of their strongly
rooted likes, dislikes and fears back
to their origin���generally heredity���
often no further back than ourselves.
With understanding, sympathy and
gentleness the fears will often die a
natural death in time, but the results
upon the mind of a highly strung
nervous child may be very disastrous
when force is used.
When a child has a natural fear of
the sea, leave it to use its own initiative. Children are naturally curious and like to find out for themselves,
so eventually one toe goes in. then
up to the ankles and so on. as the little
one realizes that the monster it so
feared does it no harm, hut is rather
fun than otherwise.
In due course it will want to do the
same as its playmates, aud eventually
all fear of the water will be forgotten,
and the feelings of other mothers at
the Bay will not bc harassed by a proceeding in which they are unable to
also insists that his pupils, t., the
youngest, memorise.all their work,
even the longest and most difficult
pieces, thill adding greatly to the ef-
fi   '
The two vocal pupils were Mr-. J.
Austin-Elliott, contralto, -and Mr-.
Je ie l.oi.gfield. mezzo-soprano. Both
ladie- sang wilh much charm and
ta-ie   and   were   well   n   eil e ���.
Mr. Paccy gave two tongs, one of
Frances Vllittsen's dramatic pieces,
"'J'he I.uic Player," and a dainty love
long by San ion Ronald called " \
Mr. Pacey's baritone voice
to gain in expression .md sympathy
each time he is beard, and ou Tue-,lay
evening he was enthusiastically re-
ceived. It ia to be hoped that be will
be a frequent soloist during the - im-
ing season
Mr. Fetherston assisted witli a
violin obligato to one of Mr-. Jesse
l.ongfield's   songs.
It ha- frequently happened that valuable trade secrets have been lost beyond recovery. For instance, the best
watch oil, it appears, cannot be obtained today, because the secret process
of mixing it perished wilh the inventor. 11 is said that the last ipiart
ol this famous fluid was sold for $200,
and that wa- 35 year.- ago. Since then
every effort bas been made to analyze
the product in an attempt to reproduce
the oil. but without success. The man
who made it and win. alone knew its
composition died, and. it further appears, not even his name or the place
"i his burial is known, lie never revealed to anyone the details o| his
process, aud it was not until after his
death that lhe real value of the oil
was appreciated.
SEALED TENDERS for the purchase of leases of lot- One (11, Two
122.) ami Five Is), Block F, ir. tin
City of Prince Rupert, will bc received by the Minister of Lands, at Victoria, I!. C, up to 12 o'clock noon
on Monday,   Vugust 27th, 1917,
Tenders may cover one or more
Term of lease 22 years.
Certified cheque covering six
months' rental must accompany each
tender, cheques of unsuccessful tenderers  to  be  returned  immediately.
The highest or any tender not necessarily accepted.
I enderen must state what business
they arc engaged in and must designate clearly just what use they intend to make of the lot or lots applied
for; how much they intend to expend
in improvements, in what mannc and
in  what time.
The following, amongst otber, conditions will be imposed under the
(a) The front line of any wharf
erected on any of these lots must
conform to plans to bc seen at tin
office of the Government Agent at
Prince Rupert or in the Department
of  Lands at  Victoria,  B. C.
(b) Rent shall be payable in quarterly  instalment-  in advance.
uncompleted applications to purchase.held by any person on Active
Service may be protected by notification to the Lands. Department' or
tbe fact that such persq:j is on Active
Service and by the filing of proof ot
the interest of such person. .
Further information will' be furnished on request to the Deputy Minister of  Lands,  Victoria,   B.C.
Publication of this notice without
authority will not be  paid  fir.
I f y
are satisfied wiih little, that's
u   will   get.
Do you always use your telephone?
Travelling, even a short distance, takes time.
Your telephone saves minutes and saves energy. It matters not whether the party you
want is one mile or a hundred miles away,
the telephone takes you in a moment.
Don't travel miles to do business, speak
for a few minutes by telephone. Use the
telephone instead of writing; written communications lack the directness of conversation.
The lirst and largest stores
of the big American cities are showing several novel ideas these days. All
.-oris of fanciful ideas iu bead necklaces are being worn, in fact they say
there that a woman is known by her
heads, the more curiously wrought,
the more barbaric in design the better,���at the same both coloring am!
design reach the acme of artistic
workmanship, and are often very
beautiful. They certainly form 'a very
pretty finish to a summer gown, when
blending in  tone  with hat or belt.
Another craze, now that America
has entered upon her share of the war.
is the knitting bag. which varies in
size from the small and dainty to a
regular miniature grip. Tlie materials used in making are very varied.
brocades, silks, satins, chintz. Inn the
latest is basket or red work w;th a
painted design of birds, butterflies or
Mowers to match in color the silk and
ribbons used for drawing up.
Vet again there is a new idea for
the bride of earlier months, and lhat
is to use a piece of the bridal train,
chiffon and orange blossoms, as a
j setting for a photograph of the happy
and new made man and wife. 'I'he
wide mount for a large photograph
. covered with the brocade, or what-
ver the material of the train might
be, and a narrow frame of gilt or enamel and gold as fancy directs. A
twisted rope of chiffon from the marriage gown and some of the orange
blossoms���imitation ones of course���
are used at the top of the frame
times for the purpose of hangiii
sometimes merely  for ornament.
Last but not least as regards the
quality of attractiveness is a novelty
gift for the little ones, in the form of
a handbag, hair ribbon and sash all
to match, and made of soft satin with
hemstitched edges. The bag is the
fluffiest little drawn up affair, with
perhaps just a wee bunch of baby
satin roses for ornamentation. What
more dainty or novel present could
arrive for the sniall lady of fashion
from godmother, grandma, or auntie,
and so useful, too.
Varied program of Best  Composers
Rendered by Students
The pupils of Mr. J. D. A. Tripp
gave a recital on Tuesday evening
last at the First Congregational
Church, and were assisted by Mr. J.
E. Paccy, baritone, and Mr. Douglas
Fetherston, violinist. The church was
filled to its utmost capacity and the
audience was keenly appreciative to
the very last item on the programme
in spite of the lateness of the hour ere
it drew to a close.
ln connection with Mr. Tripp's students one always expects quality, and
this week's recital gave ample evidence of it. for each pupil without exception, was a soloist of high order.
There were, of course, individual differences in quality of touch, power
and interpretation���but with regard
to sound technique, rythmical phrasing, and facile clear execution, each
one gave ample evidence of a sound
method  of    instruction.     Mr.    Tripp
will be receivi
TAKE NOTICE that the Fowler
Machine Works. Limited, a company
duly incorporated under the laws of
the Province of British Columbia,
whose registered office is situated at
the foot of Campbell Avenue, Vancouver, British Columbia, intends on
lhe 30th day of August. 1917, to apply
to the Registrar of Joint Stock Companies for the change in the name ol
the said company to Progressive Engineering Work.-,  Limited.
Hated at Vancouver, I',. C, this
.lllh  dav of July, A.I)..  1917.
Solictors  for  the company.
TAKE NOTICE that application
has been made to register 1'eter M -
Neish as owner in fee under a Tax
Sale Deed from the Collector of the
Corporation of the District of South
Vancouver bearing date the 17th dav
of October. 1916, of Lot 10, Block
17, District Lots 391 and 392. Ma
Xo. 2534. Municipality of South.
You are required to contest the
claim of the tax purchaser within
43 days from the date of the service
of this notice (which may be effected
by publication hereof in five consecutive weekly issues of "The Standard ;.
AND WHEREAS on investigating
the title it appears that prior to the
"nd day ol July. 1915, (the date on
which the said lands were sold for
overdue taxes) you L. A. Gaffin were
i . ,!��ff.ed ��^'ner tlltri-of and you
John   William  Townsend    were    the
, d" ��f, an Agreement for Sale
dated 26th October, 1912, and regis-
tered under No   6914'F
f shall effect registration in purst!.
ance ot such application and issue a
Certificate ot Indefeasible Title to
I, J?i,J*""*s "��� <"<" name of PETER
Mc.NL.SH, unless you take and prosecute  the proper proceedings to es-
aands\r,rnClailn'ifanj't' '-*"��<-
ictlo�����or���^PpraerrtSUCh  Pr��P0Se'1
Dated at the Land Registr
Vancouver.   B.  C
June, A.D
y Office,
20th  day    of
District  Registrar  of  Titles
W dliam  Townsend
Sealed tenders will lie received by
the Minister of Lands n ���! later than
noon on the 0th .lay of August. 1917,
for the purchase of Licence X 1015, !
cut 800,000 leet of Fire Killed Fir ami
Hemlock on Lots 71 and 72 Burnaby,
Xew   Westminster  District
Two i2i years will in- allowed for
removal of timber .
further particulars of the Chief
Forester, \ ictoria, ti. C, or I listrict
Forester Vancouver,  I'.. C.
that the reserve existing over tlie following described laud is camelled for
the purpose of permitting Thomas .1.
Re-i*.L��V=' Block 68' Dist"ct Lots
36 and 51. Map 3328. Municipal!
ity of South Vancouver      UmClpal-
ss to a i
Lot 411
purpose oi
Higgins  to  pre
corner   ol    Lot
Westminster I)
chains along  the
,.f    I.ot    1901 \.    t
chains, more or le
East boundar
of the X'orlll Wesl
thence east ten c
lo the North We.-I
thence south along
of l.m 2358 to the
ment containin
...  R.   NADEN.
Deputy  Minister of Lands.
Lands Department, Vi' toi ia,  B   '���
21st July, 1917.  	
iln   same,
:e   South   West
Group   1.   New
thence west ten
therlj  bo
ce    north    sixt)
uu nn the
due  *\' -i
l.oi 2358,
n    or   less
��� l.oi 2358,
point of commence-
ipproximatciy   sixty
rn er
.   We
Ai I
MARTHA   FABIAN    (otherwise
known   as  Martha   Price)   and
TAKE N'i ITICE lhal pursuant to
the order ol iii- iiu r Judge Grant
made herein tin- Uth day nf May.
1917, there will bc sold by Public
Auction on Monday ihe 30th dav of
July, l'M7. at iln- hour of 12 o'clock
noon ai Room 207 Bank of i Ittawa
Building. 602 Hastings street west.
Vancouver, li. C, bj Thomas Shirley.
Auctioneer appointed bv ihe Plaintiff,
AT. ami singular those certain parcel.- or tracts ot lam! ami premises
.ituale, I; ing and being in the Town-
lite ' . Hastings, Pr ��� n . ol British
Columbia, ami know- . I des :ribed
a- Lots 29 oi I .<o. :i l i ick numbered
2. in subdivision ol tlie North-east
qtiaini' of secti      ���     ice        i   to
fii ial map   n     an thereol  ���   gist* r-
in   lhe   Land   Kceistry   I '"n'i-     at
Vancouver,  and   numbered   1381,   t -
gi ther   v iii    ill   i ii   right,  title  ami
interest   if the   Defendants therein,
\ dep isil i $50 .- to be paid to
the Auctioneer at the nun f the
sale .oil! tlie bala ��� r I il. i> irehase
pi ice    il    t"   bc   pan!   to   lie     1     i   lifi
within 10 da;,s from tin date i ihe
The  pn ;���'������ Ij   will e   sold       ji ��� I
lo .. resei     cash e ol $300
Plaintiff will ha. i lea* e to bid,
For further pari I irs apply to
:.   undersigni
Haled   al   V ne ou* :.   B,   C .     this
���     laj    ���  rul
207 I; i'       : i ittav .. Bldg.,
V tn '>u.ci.  I1' C,
S iii ii      for  the   Plaintiff,
WHEREAS proof of loss of
ficate  ot  Title  No.  1682 G.  to
mentioned lauds, issued^,, the
Margaret Annie Timperley,
fled in this office, notice is
given that 1 shall, at the
piration of one month *
nrst publication hereof
rate of said  Certificate
a bo
name ol
has been
less m the
trom date of
issue a dupli-
of Title, un-
lis  29th
meantime valid objections
c  "laae to me in  writing.
Dated at the Lt
Vancouver,   IJ.   c
June, A. D.,  1917.
District Reeisti
IN*   T
17.   North   of   :i-|      r>,���
'i/.Jlap No.  mco.
made for". c'"��?l-l.<-*"'��n
Title to the abn
the name of wiiito
AM>   Vv-HERFASI on").
!,'']';   i;   ?PPea��   that
holder uf a right to n,
lands.   1MKier   an    unre
'"������'"   for  Sale.   dated
of Application
lit!.-,   to
rtlflcate of rnlefeailbu
- mentioned \anis\l
in Adair:
istlgratlngr the
"' "ere the
hase tho said
tered   Agree-
���   u,_-,-u    -ml   February
you notice  that
the  expiration
Hon in
live   Issues),
ire.      fron,
Agreement fo
and prosecute I
lo establish "vr
said lands, or t
ed action on n
Dated at the
Vancouvi r R
April, A D., 19]
���"Ph   Si.
hereby g-[v,
my intention at.
irteen fi4) days
ou of this notice
,..'''.! by publica-
latration in
""' mentioned
"��' >�� you take
'Per proceeding;*,
mi. If any, to
nt  such
is i:
Btry  Office,
lh   day     or
District Registro
SEALED TENDERS will bc received l.y the Minister of Lands not
later than n >on on the 27th day of
lulv, loi7. fm- the purchase ol Lii
ense X976, to eul 844,000 feel of
Douglas In am! Cedar on Lot 147<_.
New Westminster District, situated
On   Malaspina   Inlet
One   (1)   year   will   be   allowed   tor
removal   of  timber.
Further   particulars   ,.|   the     Chief
Forester, Victoria, B   C, oi   District
Forester, Vancouver, H   C.
"*s   fur   Number  Plate
<'ii'iurrnir-K  Badge*
marked   "Ti
Plates"   <,r
tlier with sample
for the year  tms.
the  undersigned
Of July,   1 :��� i r.
D��eU_LPa.,V_i0Ula!La ���'';*���"���'""�� delivery.
PacKing, and approximate number re-
.lii.r.,1 w,II be furnished on app'licl-
tion   to  the  Superintendent  of
duplicate, sealed and
*s lor Motor .N'umber
iiieur Badges" toge-
I plates or badge.!
ill be received by
up   till   the  liith   day
elal   Poll,
��� .west
not necea-
MR. JOHN G. KENT, a man ot
wealth and extensive business in
terests, who has refused to accept
any remuneration whatever for his
services as General Manager of the
Canadian National Exhibition, preferring to serve the public free of
charge. He is President ot the Toronto Board of Trade and has been
on the Exhibition Board since 1905,
always showing a close Interest tn
the work. He was President in 1912-
13, the two best years in the history
of the institution. Mr. Kent Is head
of the Boy Scouts in Toronto and
is identified with many philanthropic
enterprises. Long and continued Illness has compelled Dr. Orr, Manager
Bince 1903, to seek a long rest.
Re   Overdue   Payments   on   Applications  to Purchase  Crown  Lands
in British Columbia
that, under the provisions of the
"Soldiers' Homestead Act Repeal
Act," any person who did not apply
under the "Soldiers' Homestead Acl,
1916," to complete his application to
purchase, either by payment in lull
or by the selection ol a proportionate
allotment, may. by proving his inter
est and paying up in full the balance
of the purchase price and taxes before the 31st December, 1917, obtain
a Crown grant if proof satisfactory
to the Minister of Lands is furnished
that such person is suffering injury
through absence of notice or otherwise.
And  furthe.   that  tbe  interest    in
or am
Superintendent Provincial Police
\ Ictoria, B. C ,
:r.tb June,  lii 17.
In llie Matter of llir Vancouver Island
Settler*;  Right*  Act,  imt, nnd
Amend.im   Apt,   11)17.
Public notice ta hereby given that
all persons claiming to bc entitled to
grants ol land within the Esquimalt
and Xanaimo Railway Land Belt under the provisions of the above statute, are required on or before the 1st
September, liilT, to make application
Ir. writing lo the Lieutenant-Governor
In CounSiI, and to furnish evidence of
their occupation or improvement and
intention to settle on said lands.
Forms of application can be obtained from the (iovernment Agent at
Nanaimo, P. C.. or from the undersigned.
Deputy Provincial Secretary. FOUR
SATURDAY, JULY 2'.. 1917
Text. "After this manner, pray ye:
HEAVEN'." Matthew VI. 9.
These words of Jesus contain our
highest conception of God. As the
fact of God, revealed as Creator, is the
Genesis, even so, that of God's Fatherhood is the Revelation of our Christian Faith, lt is the full and final
word of God as He would be known
of men. To assent to the iirst fact
is to understand the evolution of the
world from chaos to order and harmony. But to accept the second is
to apprehend "the NEW JERUSALEM, coming down from God out of
heaven, prepared as a bride adorned
for her husband." The UTOPIA, we
are longing and laboring fur, cannot
be realized until we master the lesson
. .f Christ and make it the mission of
our life's proclamation and practice.
The Fatherhood of God furnishes the
sure cure for all ills, social, national,
and world-wide. Christians have faith
in it; the workingman's hope rests
upon it; and the capitalists should
give consideration to it.
* * *
Arising from the idea of God's
Fatherhood are several suggestions.
First, it suggests A COMMON NATURE between THE FATHER and
HIS CHILDREN. "Like father, like
son." Scripture states this fact, spiritually related, when it records that
"we are made in God's image and
after His likeness." That is to say,
as God is a spirit, we are essentially
spiritual in our make-up, with a mind
to think, a heart to feel, and a will
to act. As with God's, so with us in
a finite way; we are capable of great
thoughts, generous feelings, add good
deeds. As God delights in good, we
in our sanest and spiritual moods admire and approve of that which is
good; and as God is Good in Himself,
there is good also in us, His children.
* * *
Many challenge this statement and
claim that there is no good in man.
the Father's love, worthy of consideration.    First,  His love toward us is
unreserved.   Earthly    parents   sometime show reservation in their affection for tlieir children. But, with God,
all  alike  have an  equal  place.  "N'ot
father, nor mother loved you, as God
has loved you," said Longfellow. God
loves thc good and thc bad,���the good
for their goodness,  the bad  in  spite
of their badness.    What we are does
not alter His affection for us, unless
that our goodness gladdens His heart
and  our  badness  grieves  His  spirit.
* * *
Again,   God's   love   is   unchanging.
Human love is different.    It may be
likened to a shadow, quickly changed
by the slightest turn of our thought.
But with the "Father of Lights, tliere
is no variableness, neither is there a
shadow of turning." God's love is not
limited   to  time,   space,  and   circumstances; it is from everlasting to everlasting ,
Sunday School Lesson
"Earthly friends may  fail  or leave
One   day  soothe,   the   next   day
grieve  us;
But this Friend will ne'er deceive
O, how He loves!"
* * *
The third characteristic of God's
love is His untiring activity. The
Father's love manifests itself in His
restlessness on our behalf. This
Divine restlessness is seen in His
never-failing care for us, His children. His providence purveys all our
needs. In answer to our prayer for
"daily bread' He supplies our temporal
wants. For, out of the fulness of His
heart, He bestows upon us the blessings of life,���light, air, food, warmth,
raiment, exercise, and rest,���all these
streams of mercy find there source in
the Father's heart. Man need never
want, if he would but trust in God
and do the right.
* * *
God meets our spiritual needs as
well. We all know the needs of the
body; but, not al! realize the requirements of the soul. Herein is the seat
of all spiritual troubles. It explains
WHY there are so few conversions
to God in the world, and so many
stunted souls in the Christian Church
today. As with the physical, so for
the spiritual; the soul's needs are the
light of the Holy Spirit, the atmosphere of Prayer, the 'Bread of Life,'
the warmth of God's Love, the raiment of Christ's righteousness, the
exercise of Christian worship, and the
rest of Divine care., All these, God
can supply and does to those, who
know how to ask and act.
* * *
The Fatherhood of God suggests
HIM. These obligations are threefold; and they are stated in the first
July 29, '17
(Lesson   Passage:  Isaiah  55,  1-13).
Golden   Text���Seek   ye   the   Lord
while He may be found, call ye upon
Him while He is near. Isaiah 55, 6.
Lesson   Plan.     I.  Thc   Divine   Invitation.     11.     Thc   Divine   Imperative.
111. The Divine Inference.
The objects of God's invitation are the
Jews in Babylonian exile.   Thc probable date of the message is about 5.18
B.C.,���the  year  in  which  Cyrus,  thc
Great,    king    of    Persia,    conquered
Babylon; and, following his customary
policy,   he   proclaimed   his   royal   decree,   permitting   the   return   of   the
Hebrew   exiles     to   their   own    land,
Judah.  Isaiah,  the prophet considers
Cyrus's proclamation as prompted of
God and counsels the people of Jehovah to return to their native clime and
country.   The nature of God's invitation is a call to spiritual life and service.    Babylon was a great centre of
heathenism and commercialism,    Religiously, it was very active in the in-
trest of its heathen gods; and, commercially,  it   was  the   centre  of  the
world's trade.   So that the Jewish people were in grave danger of catching
the   contagion   of   Babylonian   inllti-
ence.    Indeed,  there  was  a  tendency
with many of them to forget the Temple of their God; while some were already led to  adopt those  methods of
commercialism, which have been such
a  marked  characteristic  of  the  race
ever   since.     To    meet- the   danger
Isaiah speaks in thc name of God, and
delivers   his' two-fold   call,   viz.,   that,
Jehovah's  people  should  depart  from
the home of heathenism for the House
of true worship; also that they should
discard their acquired  habits of commercialism for the higher and spiritual
traffic.    Not  to   be  princes  of  merchants, but to be prophets and priests
of God were they born.    Prosperous,
they may become in the land of their
exile; but they must not forget  that
tliere is that which money can never
purchase, viz., the 'waters' of God's
salvation, the 'wine' of Divine joy, and
the 'milk' of God's Word. To hunger
for  God's  Word   were  they  created;
and to satisfy that hunger is to grow
spiritually.    God's invitation is, therefore,  imperative.
God. Because the blessedness of the
obedient are. manifold, viz., "Thy soul
shall live,''���that is, they shall enjoy
a richer and  fuller life; also, "Thou
shalt call a nation that thou knowest
not; and a nation that knew not thee,
shall run   unto   thee,"���that   is,   thc
obedient   shall   bc   influential.    It   is
ever thus.   The man, who enters into
God's fellowship, enjoys a deeper and
fuller life.    Therc is the well, which
the  world  knows  not   of,   but   from
wliich he draws his strength and solace when he is weak and weary and
lonesome.    Yea, he, himself, is a living well  unto  others  who are  weary
and heavy-laden. Second, look to God
while He   may be   found.    The emphasis is two-fold,���(1). Therc is life
for a look.   It is the same lesson that
Israel learned in the wilderness, when
they were stricken and smitten of God
for their disobedience and found salvation  in  their  look of faith  and penitence;    (2).    "While    He    may    be
found." God will not always be found,
not that He  will  weary of  showing
His  favor  and  forbearance;   but  because, through continued disobedience,
the people's conscience will warp and
become seared.   Third, leave Babylon
and its ways behind.    The people of
God must go back, even at great sacrifices, to the land of their fathers; and
they  have  the  divine assurance  that
tlieir  highest  hopes  will  be   fulfilled.
If they doubt His word, let them note
God's inferences.
Mr. William  Braid Entertains Scientists and  Party of  Leading
three petitions of the Lord's Prayer,
lo   such,   man   is   totally   depraved. vi2>> "Hallowed b y Tl ly N ame �� "Thv
T>��**    +!,��    ,i_^_,*-:.._,    ~r    i*n.T a t     rvc   r. .       , ,___. '
kingdom come," "Thy will be done
on earth as it is in heaven." As children of God, we are morally held to
honor the name of our Father, by
deed of life as by word of mouth, in
our homes as in the Church, at our
workshops and anywhere. Again, as
children, the prayer of our lips, "Thy
kingdom come, Thy will be done,"
should be the purpose of our life. Our
duty is clearly to seek first the
kingdom of God and His righteousness within our hearts as in the hearts
of our fellows.
But the doctrine of TOTAL DEPRAVITY is now out-of-date. It
does not tally with evolution and experience. Everywhere there are evidences that goodness is not above
man's capacity. Finer thoughts and
nobler sentiments cannot be found
than what are contained in the pages
of the World's Classics. Records of
heroism1, extraordinary and ordinary,
fill the annals of the world's history.
Everywhere experience tells forth that
humanity is not so bad as to be without an atom of good. It was a sinful
woman, who spent her all on spikenard that she might do honor to
Christ. It was an unscrupulous tax
gatherer, Zaccheus, who said in effect,
All that I have robbed and wrung out
of the innocent, I will restore four
fold. Thus in the deepest depth of
sin-stained souls, there is the vein of
gold, if we but know how to mine it
for God.
Down in the human heart, crushed
by the tempter,
Feelings lie buried that grace can
Touched by a loving hand, wakened
by kindness,
Chords    that    were    broken    will
vibrate once more.
(vv.3-7). The Divine imperative is
three-fold. LISTEN, LOOK, LEAVE
First, listen diligently to God's call.
God's people may have a number of
plausible reasons why they should devote themselves to worldly and material interests; but to these there is
no answer save the call of God's own
voice to obedience and surrender.
Worldly success and comfort can
never take the place of obedience to
III. THE DIVINE INFERENCE: (vv. 8-13). The Inferenci
TURF'S GOD. (1). The expanse between the heavens and the earth measure in a finite way the infinite difference between God's reckonings and
His people's. Earth's measure is sordid and barren; that of Heaven is
spiritual and full. (2). The fertilizing
influence of the gentle fall of rain and
snow is a symbol of God's Word. The
clock-like precision of Nature's unfolding tells us that, in the fulness of
His time, God will fulfill His promises. (3). The gladsome praise of
towering hills and shady dales is Nature's utterance that her God shall
lead His people forth with joy and
peace. Nature's song is their surety
(4). The beauty and glory of Nature
are to be an outward sign of the work
ings of God's grace in their human
heart The thorn shall give place to
the strong fir; and the brier to thc
sweet niyrtle.
Lesson Applied. 1. To the Nation.
Spirituality, not material resources or
military strength, constitutes national
greatness. A country's BOOM is not
always that country's BOON. 2. To
individuals. Expenditure of all energies in attaining the mere material
comforts and possessions will never
satisfy the  soul-cravings.
Accompanied by many leading citizens of thc Lower Mainland, Dr. Adams and Dr. MacCallum, members of
the Scientific and Technical Advisory
Council of Canada, visited the British Columbia Distillery tllis week and
explored the great half million dollar
plant there. Among the visitors were
Dr. Wesbrook, of the University;
Mayor Gray, of New Westminster:
Mr. Dawson aud Mr. Forrester, of
the Inland Revenue Department! Mr.
William McNeill, of the Board of
Trade, Vancouver.
The members of the party were introduced to Mr. William Braid, head
of the Distillery by Mr. James H.
Falconer. Each, upon leaving was
invited to sample the product of the
industry and each was presented with
a miniature bottle of Britisli Columbia
Of particular educational value was
the visit to the Distillery. The object of the Advisory Council is, of
course, to investigate all industries in
the country, with the paramount object in view of reducing waste and
utilizing to the full waste products.
Conditions at the Distillery were
found to be such that waste by-products were being utilized to the fullest
extent possible and the fullest efficiency was being secured from the
It was pointed out that the Gooder-
ham and Worts distillery is now engaged turning out for the Imperial
Government vast quantities of acetone, a property only recently brought
forward, used in the manufacture of
cordite. It was only the other day
that it was found that acetone could
be extracted from com maize, and
sonic idea of the alertness of the Imperial Government may be found from
the fact that today Canadian distilleries are turning out great quantities
of tllis very valuable munition of
war. The scientific men who visited
the distillery told of the great extension during recent years of the use
of alcohol industrially .and predicted
that after the war the consumption of
alcohol throughout the world for
strictly industrial purposes would be
increased nianyfold.
Members of the council stated, upon
leaving the distillery that it was the
most modern plant of its kind so far
visited in Canada.
'���The New Delta" and the "Number
Five" Are Splendid Vessels and
Follow Routes of Wonderful Scenic
and  Educational  Interest.
The Great  Preachers
G. Campbell Morgan. D.D.
There is a grain Of good in the
worst of us, as there is a streak of bad
in the best of us.
* * *
Again, the Fatherhood of God suggests GOD'S AFFECTION toward
His children. Who can tire of, or
drain, the blessed thought that the
Heavenly Father loves us? It is the
ever-flowing fountain, that beautifies
the garden of the soul and satisfies the
thirst of the never-dying spirit.
Among the many achievements of
man, tliere is none greater than his
finding of the Heavenly Father, who
is Love. It was to this effect an
eminent scientist bore witness, when,
in answer to a question what was his
greatest discovery, he replied: "My
greatest discovery is that I am a sinner, and that God loves a sinner like
* * *
Tliere   are   three   characteristics   of
Having the spirit of reverence for
God's name, and the loyal heart to
perfect His purpose in our experience,
wc shall fulfill the Law of Christ,
which is the law of BROTHERLY
LOVE. The right of this, our relationship to one another in life,���social, civic, national, and international,���will be the might of God. When
the Fatherhood of God and Brotherhood of Man are realized facts of history and experience, we shall see the
working out of that famous prophetic
picture of Isaiah, the spiritual advent
of the Prince of Peace,���when sol
diers shall put aside their swords and
take to ploughshares, when "the wolf
shall dwell with the lamb, and the
leopard with the kid; and the calf and
the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead and
play with them; and the world shall
be full of the knowledge of the Lord,
as the waters cover the sea."
A very wealthy man lay on his
death-bed when a great mark of distinction and honor was brought to
him. Turning a cold glance on the
treasure he would one have clutched
with an eager grasp, he said with a
sigh "Alas! this is a very fine thing
in this country; but I am going to a
country where it will be of no use to
From '"The Whole Life to
"The Agony of Life is Player."
Thc   whole   life   of   thc   believer
should  bc  prayer���and  this    is    the
summary and conclusion���every    act,
every word, every wish.   The act that
is not prayer in the ultimate, and the
word which is not prayer in the last
analysis,  and  the  wish   that    is  not
prayer in the profoundest depths, are
to be put away, they do not become
the life of faith. They are things that
produce fainting.   How can every act
be prayer?   Ask yourself about your
next act, wdiy you are doing it.    The
Sabbath will  soon  be over, and    we
shall leave it behind, for it is the day
of prayer.    Tomorrow morning    you
will face thc calling of the day, in the
shop,  the  office,  the  school;  in   pro
fessional life, in the House of Parliament,  in  whatever    is your    calling.
What are you rising early and toiling
all the day for?    The answer of   the
average man will suit me for the moment.    That answer will be,    I    am
working    for    my    living.    Perfectly
right, but what do you  want to live
for?    Why should you  endeavor    to
In Tali Fu, Yunnan Province, in
China, more converts were recently
baptized in one day than had been
won in thirty years of early missionary effort.
and mental toil, and you arc away to
the mountains,  to  thc  sea  for    rest.
Why,are you going for rest?    Why
do you want rest?   I ask.   8hat 1 may
regain    my    strength.      F'or      what?
Cross-examine yourself and see    the
meaning of  your    activity.    Analyse
your own wishing and desire, and sec
what inspiration lies at the back    of
it.    If. by His infinite grace and    by
the indwelling of the    Holy    Christ
Himself, at the back of all the activity and of all  desire and all  speech
there    is    tjie    perpetual    aspiration,
"Thy Kingdom  come,  Thy  will    be
done," then every act, every thought.
,is prayer.   "To labor is to pray' they
say.   That depends.    If your labor is
merely for the making of pour   own
name and fortune, if your labor is to
build up your own reputation and to
gratify your own sensual desires, then
to labor is not to pray.   If the reason
of this day's toil is the maintenance of
a life that is God's, all the forces   of
which are at His disposal to work His
will according to His own    appointment, then that life is prayer, and the
mountain  climb,  the  rest  day by  the
The True Gentleman is one whose
nature has been fashioned after the
highets models, lt is a grand old
name, that of Gentleman, and lias
been recognized as a rank and power
in all stages of society. ''The Gentleman is always the Gentleman."
said the old French general to his
regiment of Scottish gentry at Rous-
illon," and invariably proves himself
such in need and in danger." To possess this character is a dignity of itself, commanding the instinctive
hmage of every generous mind, and
those who will not bow to titular
rank, will yet do homage to thc Gentleman. ' His qualities depend not
upon fashion or manners, but upon
moral worth���not on personal possessions, but on personal qualities. The
Psalmist briefly describes him as one
"that walketh uprightly, and workcth
righteousness, and speaketh the truth
in his heart."
Some new stories of Lord Kitchener are told by the Yorkshire lady
who under the name of "A Woman
of No Importance," has just published a racy volume of "Memories: Discreet and Indiscreet." She says that
Lord Kitchener always kept a couple
of cars standng outside the War Office day and night���in readiness to
be jumped into at a moment's notice.
The day before his fateful journey, as
he was walking into his office, he
saw one of his chaffeurs standing by.
He stopped and spoke to the man
saying "You are married, are you
not?" The reply being in the affirmative, Lord Kitchener replied, "I
will not take you with me tomorrow.
I will take Broome instead." So
Broome and his car went with their
master���and will be seen no more
until the sea gives up her dead
Go down to thc North Vancouver
ferry wharf some morning at live
o'clock and you will find among the
men at work there at that hour a tal,
broad, blue eyed and red haired mail
of fifty years. That man is Captain
Brewster, owner and captain of the
good little ship "The New Delta." He
is the most modest man on the waterfront, is said to be the most honest
man and is surely beloved by most
people who come in contact with him.
If there is any freight to go aboard
of "The New Delta," the captain is
not afraid to take his end of it. He
can rustic a hand truck with the hest
of his employees. He doesn't object
to hard work.
When thc elections loomed in sight,
people said, "if Brewster is put into
power the 'Cap' will get s.inie soft
snap at Victoria." Brewster was elected and became Prime Minister of British Columbia. His big brother,'the
'Cap," is still making regular runs
on "The New Delta" and personally
handling freight when the need arises.
The "Cap" is not the kind of man
who looks for soft jobs. N'o family
triumphs disturb him or inflate him.
Captain Brewster was responsible
lor encouraging his younger brother
llarley to come to British 'Columbia
from the east. Probably the captain
grubstaked the young fellow in those
early days. Anyway the captain vvas
getting on fairly well and the chances
are that the now premier was not verr
well off when he lauded upon these
tranquile shores. Captain Brewster
had sailed on the broad Atlantic, had
been to sea with sonic rough crews.
When he was a mere boy he sailed
out of Halifax with a British captain
who. when his wrath was aroused,
would lay about with a beloying pin
and oftimes the scuppers went red
with the blood of deckhands who
didn't move fast enough when the old
dog gave an order. That particular
chap believed that Englishmen were
the only sailors and he fought a man
once who held out that Blue Noses
were better men before the mast than
the  English.
Though in those early days Captain
Brewster saw some exciting times, tor
day he is quite content to" ply within
the waters of Burrard Inlet exclusively. His boats offer a splendid daily
service from Vancouver to loco antl
way points. If anyone really wishes
to see Vancouver, they should take a
trip with Captain Brewster up the Inlet. From the deck of "The New
Delta" you can get a splendid view of
the waterfront of the city and a good
idea of our industrial development.
There is no more beautiful journey
to bc had than the run up the Inlet.
And it can be done in two hours at
a very small cost, with the Captain
himself at the wheel.
On a moonlight night this journey
is particularly attractive. And, by the
way, it might bc pointed out that on
the evening of July 31 thc Captain
will run a moonlight excursion up
the Inlet, including a run to Indian
River, stopping at loco and Port
Moody. Thc "Number Five" leaves
the ferry wharf at 6:30 and anyone
who wishes to test the veracity of
our statements regarding the beauties of thc trip should go along. There
will be lmisic and dancing. When
Captain Brewster leaves the wheel-
house, he turns things over to Captain
MacLean, a man who first saw the
sea some hours after his birth in a
Nova Scotia home. Captain MacLean
is an equally popular gentleman
among the scores of patrons of the
Brewster line and has many friends
along the waterfront.
support your  life and keep it?    You sea,  the  toil  in  the shop and  office
have  been    overwhelmed    with    thc
stress and strain  of actual    physical
the drudgery of professional doutine.
and the agony of life is prayer."
It is a wonderful armada that wc are
about to create. Some of the ships
will be torpedoed and sent to thc bottom, of course; that is to be'expected.
But it is fair to believe that when the
war is ended there will still survive
a line great fleet that can be profitably
employed in the channels of peaceful
Those who  would    banish    creeds
can only succeed where    belief    has
ceased  to  exist.    Creeds are    simply
the  expression  of one's  faith.
* * *
Dark seasons are never pleasant to
us, but tey are always good for us.
A cloudless sky could never produce
a good harvest.
Enterprising Business Man of Sound
City Takes Over Local Management
of the Extensive Business of Messrs.
If ease is what you wish, you will
count but little in any way, in the
church, or in  the nation.
At thirty-three Napoleon was Emperor France. Wolfe scaled the
Heights of Abraham at Quebec, Stephenson had made his first locomotive, Edison had harnessed electric-
city to the uses of man, Gray wrote
* * *
his "Elegy" and Poe his "Raven."
There are 228 students from the
colleges of the Presbyterian church
in Canada on active service    at   the
Mr. G. H. Hudson, formerly of
Seattle. Washington, has taken over
the local management of the Bruns-
wick-BalkeCollender Company of
Canada, Limited. Their new address
is 867 Granville Street, where they
arc showing a full line of billiard and
pocket pool tables.
Mr. Hudson is a progressive business man with the modern touch and
he will be welcomed to Vancouver.
Though the business of his company
has been hard hit by the war. yet an
ever widening range of new business
is being created.
You find yourself refreshed by the
presence nf cheerful people; why not
try to confer that pleasure on others. SATURDAY. JULY 28, 1917
"Agriculture not only gives riches lo a nation but
ihe only riches she can call her own."���Dr. Johnson
Home Canning of Vegetables is Prac
ticable and Necessary
The shortage of labor and the scarcity and high price of tin cans has
very materially reduced the output
and increased the cost of canned vegetables; so much so, in fact, as to
make some lines almost prohibitive
to the average family.
There is little reason, however, for
any Canadian family not providing
a sufficient supply for next winter.
Home canning of vegetables is a simple matter; when put up in ordinary
glass jars, securely sealed, they are
equal if not superior to the factory
brand, aud the cost is much lower.
Peas, string beans, sweet corn,
pumpkins, beets, tomatoes and all
vegetables which will not keep without  cooking,   may  bc  canned.
After cleaning and preparing the
vegetables to be preserved, they are
enclosed in a cheesecloth bag and
parboiled for five minutes. They are
then dipped in cold water, packed in
glass jars, boiling water poured over
them to fill up all crevices, and the
lids loosely adjusted. The jars are
then laced in an ordinary boiler filled
with water, with plates or dish covers to prevent the jars touching the
bottom of thc boiler, and are allowed
to boil steadily for 3 1-2 hours. When
lifted from thc boiler, the lids must
be screwed down tihg, taudtr udtrau
be screwed down tight, and the jars
allowed to gradually cool, care being
laken that they are not exposed to
drafts, as a sudden cooling may have
a tendency to crack the glass.
Vegetables thus canned will keep
and be a welcome addition to the-
table in lieu of the high-priced canned
goods, an dthe surplus ,supply of vegetables, which otherwise might be
wasted, will be conserved.
By  E.  S.  Archibald,  B.A.,  B.S.A.,
Dominion Animal Husbandman
It   has   been   clearly   demonstrated
that  the  good   dairy  cow  is  a   more
it has been proven that cows of proper type having a store of flesh before calving will not only milk more
heavily but also more persistently during the succeeding milking period, ll
is clear, therefore, that this supply of
fat and flesh stored on the dry cow
of dairy type will be drawn upon
when most needed and he either given
off as milk or so take the place of
feeds consumed in supplying bodily
needs that a larger proportion of these
feeds may be utilized for milk production.
The dry cow receives little attention
from the majority of dairy farmers.
The thin oow at calving is in poor
condition to make milk profitably and
cannot produce the rugged healthy
calf fitted to withstand the many calf
ailments. Allow the cow four to ten
weeks before freshening. A pound
of meal a day during this dry period
is worth as much aa two or three
pounds of. meal fed after the cow has
freshened. On poor pastiire.xlccd the
dry cow green feed, silage or roots
and a grain ration composed of two
parts of any two of the following
meals: bran, ground oals, ground
corn, ground barley, plus one pari
ground oil cake. To the thin cow-
feed 4 to 7 pounds daily; if the cowls in good; flesh, give roughage as
needed and 1 to 2 pound-, aily of the
abovementione grain mixture: if the
cow is fat withhold the grain, hut on
thc other hand do not sacrifice flesh
or lose a thrifty condition,
* * *
Feeding the cow at calving requires
special care, varying with the individuality of lhe animal. He sure that
the condition of the bowels is normal.
caked udder, etc. After calving give
a tepid drink containing a handful of
linsee oil meal per pail of water, allow to rest quietly for twelve hours,
after which give a warm bran mash,
with two bran mashes on the second
day after calving. Feed a limited sup-
economical producer than any other {P'y���6 to 8 pounds���of clean hay, pre-
farm animal Not only does she ac-j ferably clover. Draw* a little milk
tually yield more product from a given |tl,ree or f��ur times daily for the lirst
djer   the   latter   conditions   will   cost
much   less  per  gallon.
* * *
The foundation principles of the
successful selection of feeds and the
feeding of dairy cattle depend upon
the palatability, variety, nutrition and
ease of digestion, and succulence of
the ration given. All these essentials
of a well balanced ration ior economic
production must be considered when
raising  or  purchasing  foodstuffs.
The most economical ration must
have as a basis cheap but rich nutritious farm grown roughages such as
clover or alfalfa hay, ensilage and
roots. The liberal feeding of meals
is advisable to balance the roughage
ration and in addition to provide thc
heavy milking cow with an extra supply of nutrients in a less bulky form.
A pound o grain when the cow is
fresh is equivalent to several pounds
of grain after the cow has decreased
materially in her milk flow. Feed one
pound of meal for every 3 1-2 pound,
milk produced; as her lactation period
progresses decrease the meal gradually to 1 pound for ever five pounds
of milk produced. A fair average is
1 to 4. Following are a number of
Well-balanced daily rations for the
1,000 pound dairy cow suitable to the
individual needs of farmers throughout different parts of Canada.
No. 1.���Mixed hay 16 pounds, turnips or mangels 4(1 pounds, meal mixture composed of bran 4 parts, ground
ed   in   the   spring   and   Kill   by   lowing   quantities  regularly  a
a patch   if fall rye. or during the sum-; quired	
mer months by seeding an annual pasture mixture composed of oats and
barley or a mixture of oats and clover.
The most successful dairymen a- a
rule feed a limited grain ration even
when  the cows are on pa .lure.    Kran
�� * *
Rules in  Feeding and Management.
1. Xe\er overfeed,
2. Feed according to ihe individual
needs and desires oi each animal.
3 pans, cottonseed 1 part, or bran 2> 3 j..^, regular]y ,.,.,,, a> ,fJ ,he
parts, ground oats 2 parts, and gluten hours of feedjng an(, ,he chara,t,r .������
or ground peas, 1 pari, will give ex- fee<Js Sml,u.n changes jfl feedg .yi���
cellent results. MUge ni. on)y a ,o8s jn gain| Qr
duction,   but   will   often   induce     ailments herewith emphasized.
In   the   shortage   of   grass   provide i
. 4. Common   ailments   such   a   diarr-
good   soiling   crops.     Supplements   to  , . ���      ��� ,
*" 6        ' " hoea, impaction, bloat, gram sickness
pasture  are  peas  and  oats  seeded  at
different dates, second cut clover, corn  ���
and  caked   udder  usually   result   from
and fall turnips fed with tops as pull-
incorrect feeding.  Prevention of these
troubles is surer and certainly cheaper than the cures.
both superior to and cheaper than peas      -   n..           .,        , .                 .���
1        '     _>. Other    ailments such    as    milk
and oats.                                                      .                  ,     ,        , , ..   ,
(                                          lever may be largely prevented if tllc
THE FEEDING OF CALVES       cow is 1,r"l-''r1-'' �����<��� ���""l managed be-
,,., ,    ' , .     . fore  and  after  calving,
the quality of and  the  prolit  Irom       .     .      ,       , ,
. ,      ,      , , , O. Conilortablc     stables     having    a
liiture    herd    depend    upon     the     .     ,.,- . ,       .  .     , ,
plcntilnl supply ol   fresh  air and sun-
ttle future herd depend upon the
breeding and quality i I the calves and
even more on the method of rearing.
The hest of calves both a sto type and
breeding may be poor rearing develop
into small -Hinted and unprofitable
cows while poorer calves by good
rearing may develop into very useful
animals. Hence the subject of calf
rearing is one of great economic importance.
The following methods with sin li
variations as are needed will give excellent  results:���
Remove  the  dairy  calves  from  the
oats 2 parts, ground barley 2 parts, cow at birth. Do not allow them to
oil cake 1 part, cottonseed meal I suck, unless weak or unable to drink,
part. This meal fed at the rate of 1 or unless the cow's udder is severely
pound per 3 1-2 pounds of milk pro- caked. Mother's milk for the first
duced. four days, at the rate of 8 to It) pounds
Constipation at this time is apt to in- j     *��*   2.���Clover   or   alfalfa   hay    10 divided into three or lour feeds, is es-
duce many troubles such as milk fever   P��unds, mangels or turnips 30 pounds, sential.    Feed whole milk for the first
shine and pastures where ample and
sufficient shade and water are available, will go far toward increasing
production  at  a  decreased  food cost.
* * *
Dairy Cow Records Pay
In order to make profits from any
cows they must be good cows; that
is. they must be healthy, of good temperament, of the dairy type, good
size, of great capacity for consuming
feed, regularly heavy feeders and also
heavy producers.
It is impossible to tell the profitable from the unprofitable cows in
the herd unless you haw individual
records oi the milk and fat produced.
|    The profitable dairy c
er -i.HOO pounds of in
Lack of Home Attractions Makes the
Boy Dislike the Farm
There are two equipments necessary for every farm home���an equipment tor work and an equipment for
living. Too often the equipment for
work receives much more attention
than the equipment for living. We
are influenced by onr surroundings
more than we know or are willing to
admit. Children especially are sensitive to these things. Many boys have
been driven from the country to the
city by the unattractiveness of their
home surroundings and the lack of
common comforts have made many a
farmer's boy dislike the farm. Every
farmer owes to his family and to himself the best that he can do in the
way of equipping the farm home and
making lhe home grounds beautiful
in order that the fullest and richest
life   possible  may  he  enjoyed.
The cost of improvement and planting will be one of the first considerations. The first item of improvement, neatness, need cost nothing
more than the effort necessary to put
things in their right places. Then, if
plantiiiig is to  he done,  there  should
lie a plan.    Tin's will
st   oul
amount of  feed  but she  does  this  at
the least  cost and greatest  profit.
Notwithstanding these facts the
production of milk and fat from the
average cow is exceedingly low, being
approximately 3,800 pounds milk and
130 pounds fat per annum which in
value is less than the total cost of
production. Nevertheless it has been
clearly demonstrated that by better
feeding and management this average
may he easily increased from 30 to
80 per cent, with an increased cost in
feed and labor of only 10 to 20 per
cent.; the margin would be largely
profit. Such an increase is not only
a financial necessity but the patriotic
duty of every dairy farmer.
* * *
The milk produced by a dairy cow
of proper type is in proportion ti
feeds consumed plus the reserve o'
feed stored in the body as fat and
flesh. As an example of the latter
it has been shown that fresh cows
may be fed on a maintenance ration
or even starved for several days yet
produce milk in failrly large quantities with, however, a proportional
decrease of weight and flesh.    Again
three days; do not milk dry until after the third day, as such a procedure
frequently brings on milk fever. On
the fourth day start the dry meal
ration consisting of 4 pounds equal
parts bran and ground oats. Increase
the quantity of grain and strength of
the grain mixture to a full grain ration on or about the sixteenth day
after calving.
* * *
The feeds consumed hy a dairy cow
oat straw 10 pounds, meal mixture ten days, then start replacing part of
composed of bran 5 parts, ground oats the same with skim milk so that when
2 parts, linseed oil meal 3 parts, fed the calf is one month of age. it may
at the rate of 1 pound per 3 1-2 pounds I be receiving in two feeds daily, 12
of milk produced. pounds of skim-milk    plus    a    table-
No. 3.���'Clover hay 12 pounds, corn'spoonful  of    finely    ground    scalded
ensilage 30 pounds, meal mixture com- flax-seed  jelly.
posed of bran 7 parts, ground oats 7' At three weeks of age feed a small
parts, dried brewers grains 4 parts, quantity of whole oats in the man-
cottonseed meal 2 parts, fed at the ger. Fine clover hay and clean water
rate of 1 pound per 3 pounds of milk might profitably lie kept before them
produced. |from this time on.
\o. 4.���Mixed grass hay 10 pounds.      During the next fifteen weeks grad-
oat straw or chaff 10 pounds, mangels
or turnips 40 pounds, meal mixture
composed of bran 3 parts, ground e.ats
3 parts, ground flax 2 parts, ground
wheat 2 parts, fed at the rate of 1
pound per 3 pounds of milk produced.
No. S.���Brome hay 10 pounds, clover hay 5 pounds, oat straw or chaff
10 pounds, mangels or turnips 30
pounds,   grain   mixture   composed   ol
in milk are utilized for two purposes,'ground oats, barley and wheat, equal
viz., the manufacture of milk and thej parts, fed at the rate of 1  pound per
maintenance  of  the  body.    The  cow  3 pounds of milk produced,
weighing   1.000   pounds   requires   thej     A   plentiful   supply  of  clean   ilrinl
equivalent of 10 pounds clover hay
and 10 pounds oat straw or 35 to 40
pounds of mixed pasture grass for
maintenance alone. To this must In-
added the feed to supply energy necessary to manufacture milk. Hence it
is evident that the meagre feeding of
cows in milk will induce little if any
milk flow after the surplus body tissue
has been used, while liberal feeding
with practically the same maintenance requirements will induce heavy
milk production.
It is evident that milk produced ini
tially increase the skim-milk to  15 to
time am! study in deciding upon how
and where tlie planting is to be done.
Wry often the plants and trees required can be mostly, or wholly, secured from the neighbouring woodland. This is especially true of tree-.
Many home grounds are planted entirely with native trees ami shrubs,
w must giveiThese will nearly always give satis-
k testing 3.5 faction than the varieties offered by
per cent fat, each year. To know the tree agents. Grape-vines can often
value of a cow her total annual yield'be used lor decorative purposes and
of milk musl be known. The onlylat the same time supply fresh air and
way to know this is to keep a record luscious fruit. Many of ihe wild
of her daily milk  pield. | flowers,   if   given   care   in   the   flower
Such records are bink kept Iiy linn-1border of the home grounds,
dreds of successful dairymen. Many thrive and bloom so well that
of these men attribute their success to w'" hardly be recognized as
the   keeping   of   these   records.     Why flowers.
ne.t give the tiling a trial if you are aj Home improvement, therefore,
dairyman? It will increase your milk need not take much money, but it
product. It will lighten you labor does take interest. If the farmer is
since your interest will be increased interested in having a well kept and
in your work and "interest lightens attractive home and grounds, he will
labor.'"    lt wil! show you the unprof-  'md   the  little  time  necessary  to  ac-
iw, tlit-
li 111 e   time
larder.'"    You can-j complish   this   end.���F.C.N.
a half to four and a half dollars. If
your local dealer cannot supply you
v  Division
one-eighth pound write *hc   K��*mal  Husl
ing   water   and   salt   is   essential   for
greatest  health  and  production,
* * *
Over large areas ol" Canada the milk
produced on grass wil (always be the
cheapest. Hence the proper care of
pasture is most essential. If cattle
are allowed on the pasture anly afler
the grass is from 6 to 8 inches in
height such pasture will yield most
feed during thc summer and will be
best prepared to withstand drought.
Natural pasture may be supplement-
A  small  platlorm  scab
onvenient, but the spring
20  pounds  daily.    Add  to   the   flax
seed jelly other' constituents to make "��* Be- '���'* "' her * I|:idd-V-
a   cream   substitute   as   follows:   Fine | r weighing the milk a spring bal
ground  flax   1   part,  fine ground  oats
2   parts,   ground   corn   2   parts.   Feed
in   the   milk   divided   into   two   feeds
daily at the rate
at the start and increase to 1 pound       Experimental  Farm, Ottawa, for par
Replace the whole oats at four
weeks of age with a grain mixture 01
equal parts bran, rolled oats, and
ground corn. Start the calves on one-
eighth pound per day and increase
gradually to 1 1-2 pounds daily at
twnety weeks of age when the skim-
milk may be gradually cut "if and
this grain ration increased proportionately.
Do not expose your calves to heat
and flies but during extreme heat keep
them in a dark cool box until four
months of age after which they may
have a night paddock. If fall-dropped
calves keep in a clean, bright comfort
able warm box stall.    Feed a limited
amount of roots or a mixture of roots I "Yes," said George    that's ma's fault.   Ireland   during   the   same   time
and   ensilage.     Feed   salt   in   limited!She waters me  so much." strong drink
am   is preferable,
Many  farmers   keep   recor
amount of food fed to individual cows
If  you  would   like   to  do  so.  sample
forms will be- scut free e,n making application  to the above  address.
Use the Soil
It is just as important under present conditions to have .reserves of
food as reserves of cartridges. When
so much is dependent upon a good
crop, the entire community should
lsI concern itself about the situation
'" from the beginning of the season.
There are certain common vegetables
comprising a large part of the food
supply, such as potatoes beans, onions, etc.. which do well ill all parts
of the country. They can be grown
in a small way without machinery,
and llieir production this year in ample quantities should be assured beyond anv chance or doubt.
George was hampered by a mother
whose great idea was cleanliness. Notwithstanding the frequent baths to
which he was condemned, George
thrived exceedingly. One day a neighbor   remarked  on   his  rapid  growth,
\\ hile German bombs, bullets, and.
submarines caused tin death of about
forty thousand Hritish during tlu first
ten months of the war, foity thousand
men were killed in  t'.reat  B'itaui and
"Printers  Ink
widens the
every business"
If a business is
well managed,
printing is the
next  great
its success
We are prepared to do all kinds of
Printing, Bookbinding and Ruling -:-
We have purchased a large quantity
of pure white paper and can fill your
needs accurately and promptly
426 HOMER  ST. six
��ty ^tanoarn
Published  every Saturday at 426  Homer Street,  Vancouver
(Telephone    Seymour  470
Registered   at   the   Post   Office   Department,   Ottawa,   ai
���aoond  Class M-all Matter.
To all  points In Canada. United  Kingdom, Newfoundland
Mew Zealand and other British Potscsulons:
_F��iia^ft to American. European ir;- other foreign countries
-11.HO per year extra.
The  Standard   will   be  delivered   to  any  address   In  Van-
ouvcr or vicinity at ten cents a month.
Member af tha Canadian Press Association.
The Standard, with which Is Incorporated the Saturday
Chinook, circulates in Vancouver and the cities, towns, villages and settlements throughout British Columbia. Id
politics the paper is Independent Liberal.
Publishers Tiie Standard Company
Printers The Standard Job Department
Phone Seymour 9036
We Write Insurance in Sound, Reliable Companies.
Dow Fraser Trust Co.
122 Hastings St. West.       McKay Station, Burnaby
OFFICES IN      /    4V
WESTERN   / <C^^
CANADA /  -^y
Client a
414 Pender St. West
Vancouver, B. C.
Canadian Financiers Trust Co.
Incorporated 1907. First Company to obtain Registration under the B. C. Trust Companies' Act.
(Certificate No. 1)
Executor, Administrator, Trustee under Wills,
Mortgages, Marriage Settlements, Receiver, Liquidator and Assignee, Fiscal Agent for Municipalities
for sale of Debentures, Registrar and Transfer
Agent for Companies, Agent for Real Estate and
collection of Rents.   Insurance and Investment.
839 Hastings Street West
Cost of Living Continues to Rise
Drastic fund regulations have been passed by the
United States House. Canada lias appointed a Food
Control Commission. Great llritain lias long been
subject to food regulations, Altogether ten nations
are on rations and six are in distressing lack of food.
The Allied nations are co-operating in the interests of
their fighting forces. Canada lias a great duty to perform iii helping to feed the other nations of the Entente
as well as herself. She has further an imperative financial duty. Tlie savings of the nation are necessary
to the support of the men at tlie front. By the practice of economy, national wealth can be saved for investment in War Savings Certificates. The .National
Service Board is appealing for such investment. Jt is
asking every man and woman in the country to save
their dollars and buy war bonds. Tlie opportunity for
war service is given to everybody. Have you taken
advantage of that opportunity?
To Advertise Canadian Goods in France
The Senate has adopted a resolution of Senator
Beaubie urging the government to advertise Canadian products in France by means of an exhibition train
of sample goods. Senator Beatibien said he had suggested to the French government that there should be
two trains organized, one carrying French goods to be
shown in Canada and othe other Canadian goods to be
shown iir France. A French steamship line had offered free transportation for tlie trains across the ocean,
and the plan had been favorably commented upon by
the French press.
Sir James Lougheed said that tliere were limits to
what any country could do in tlie way of giving effective aid for the development of foreign trade, which
must be developed more or less through natural channels. Tn Canada there had been a disposition to rely
on government assistance for everything. Xot a railway could bc built without government aid : there was
not a transportation project that the government was
not called upon to finance. This had the tendency to
rob the people of initiative and confidence. Tlie present and past governments had, to as large an extent as
they were warranted, given assistance and aid to both
domestic and foreign trades. He bad observed
frequently that enterprises without government assistance did better than those that relied upon the government. Sir James promised, however, to direct the attention of the government to the matter.
Another increase in the cost of living during the
latter half of May and the first half of June is recorded
in the official Labor Gazette, Ottawa, just published.
In retail prices the average cost of a weekly family
budget of 29 articles of food averaged $11.89 in sixty
cities at the middle of June, as compared with $11.82
at the middle of May, and $8.15 in June, 1916.
Milk, butter and flour were lower in price in June,
but eggs, meats, rice and other commodities showed
increases in price.   Coal and wood were also dearer.
In wholesale prices the labor department's index
number for 272 commodities stood at 242.7 for June,
as compared with 240 for May. 183.6 for June, 1916,
and 135.3 for June, 1914. The chief increases in
wholesale prices during the month were in fruits, vegetables, textiles, metals, coke, and miscellaneous building materials. Decreases occurred in grains, dairy
products, fresh fish, and some other foods.
There were 24 strikes, involving 97 establishments
and 10,657 employees, in existence during June, of
which eight, involving 49 firms and 3,291 employees,
commenced during the month. Thirteen strikes were
settled during the month, leaving 11 still unsettled at
the end of June.
Our Next War Loan
The results of Sir Thomas White's conferences this
week with Mr. McAdoo, secretary of the United States
treasury, are being awaited here with considerable interest. There is a strong feeling that so far as war
loans are concerned, the Canadian market well deserves
a rest. We have oversubscribed such loans aggregating $350,000,000. A short six months' period separated the second and third loans. By the time the fourth
loan is due, another six months will have elapsed. This
is a comparatively brief period, considering that the
third loan is only just about properly distributed. We
have not large accumulated funds for investment as
in older and wealthier countries.
That the third war loan should be issued simultaneously in Canada and the United States was suggested to the finance minister in March. After various
conferences, it was decided tliat a domestic issue should
be made. That was done and with great success. It
can be clone again, if absolutely necessary. But with
the heavy trade balance against us. so far as the l'nited
States is concerned, and the prevailing conditions in
the Canadian investment market, a well-deserved respite would bc given, could arrangements bc made to
finance our next war loan in the United States.
We are one of the best customers of the neighboring republic. Our purchases there during the ten
months ended April 30th were valued at $602,209,543,
while their sales to this country during the same period
were valued at $236,829,775, leaving a balance of
trade against us of $365,377,768. This unfavorable
trade balance has been redressed to a considerable extent by Canadian borrowings in Xew York by the sale
of Canadian securities, as well as by our favorable
trade balance with European countries. We can continue to purchase iu such large measure from the
United States only if a reasonable degree of borrowing
there is allowed our governments and municipalities.
Sentiment in both countries is in favor of this financial
assistance. The business situation makes it desirable.
Money market conditions here, in Xew York and iu
London, appear vto make it the proper thing at the
present time.
thai':1���'"Trie key to the situ&lioif. S3 far a- we can unlock it, lies in individual thrift and individual sacrifice.
Every njan, today, who consumes any article or employs any service wot absolutely necessary, aims a blow
at his country. Save every .cent. Live plainly. Do
without everything. Rise early, work hard, and con-.;
tent yourself with a bare living. The man,Who does
this���if he uses the saved money properly^-ris doing
war work for his country. But he must use his savings
properly. That is the whole essence of the matter."
As it is with men. so it is wilh women. The motto of
all should he to serve by saving and to invest in War
Savings Certificates.
An announcement that is virtually official comes
from Ottawa, that "il is probable holders of the last
two issues of Dominion war securities, namely, those
maturing iu 1931 and 1937, will he allowed to convert
their holdings'at the original issue price and accrued
interest into any issue which may in the future be made
with a maturity of twenty years or more, lt is the
known desire of the minister of finance," the announcement continues, "that those who have been patriotic
enough to subscribe to these issues, which had no right
of conversion, shall be placed in as good a position as
others who may subscribe to war loan issues in the
It is evident that the minister of finance has in
mind the necessity that must soon arise for the issue of
a new loan, and that therefore he is anxious to keep
the market prices of the existing loans at satisfactory
figures. In this, if in anything, is to be found the,
reason for the announcement we have quoted. Neither,
the policy adopted nor the method announcing it, however, is above criticism. The immediate effect of the
statement was to enhance the price of the loans referred to. Whether the finance department should thus
lend itself to the operations of the stock market is questionable.
The terms on which a government loan is issued |
form a contract that should be unalterable between the
government and the investor. If the minister proposed
to alter such a contract by taking away from the investor any privilege which had been bought and paid
for he would instantly bc assailed for breach of faith.
It is not clear that he has any more right to alter the
contract to the advantage of the investor. The right
of converting one issue of bonds into another of later
date is a thing of some advantage and value. The government get that value in the price tliey fix for the issue, and the investor pays for it when he pays the price
so fixed. When a loan is issued without a conversion
privilege, of course no such value is given by the government or received by thc buyer. To announce
months afterward that such a privilege is to bc given
to the buyer���or rather to the present holder, who may
not he the original buyer���is to give him something
that he is not entitled to, since he has not paid for it,
and to put him gratuitously on even tertns with others
who have had to buy and pay for the same privilege.
It is the alteration of a contract which should be as unalterable on one side as on the other.
The minister's desire to have the outstanding loans
rank well in the market, so that he may hope to obtain
a good price for his next issue, can be understood. But
there is much room to doubt tbe wisdom of such an attempt to influence the market. If a tight money market makes it necessary for the minister to issue his next
loan on terms less favorable to the government than
the earlier loans, that is a disadvantage that the public
must be content to bear. Will it not, in the end, be better to face this if necessary, than to alter, as he is doing, the terms of the contract on which the outstanding
loans were issued? A bargain is a bargain, and in
matters of such importance the bargain should he regarded on both sides as sacred.���Journal of Commerce.
Hon. W .J. Hanna, food controller, issued the following statement on Wednesday. July 11:
The consumption of wheat, beef and hacon in lhe
Dominion must be reduced by at least one-third to
meet the needs of the Allied armies aud people. Every
man, woman and child in Canada is tinder a direct
war obligation to assist in that reduction. The consumption of flour in England and France is being reduced to between three and four pounds per person per'
week. Canada and the L'nited States must reduce
their normal consumption of wheat by 160 million
bushels this year to meet the added requirements for
export. Russia lias been enduring four meatless days
a week. Households in England are under voluntary
obligation to limit their consumption of meat to two
and a half pounds per person per week.
The Allies look to Canada to relieve their food
shortage. Both the producer and the consumer must
assist to give that relief, the producer by producing
and conserving to the utmost of his capacity, and the
consumer by substituting perishable, and conserving
storable foods for export. By such joint action the
soldiers of Canada, the Empire and the Allies will
be strengthened in the struggle for victory.
Economy in the use of foodstuffs, particularly of
heat, bacon and beef, is imperative.    Waste in the
hotels, restaurants, clubs and homes of the Dominion
a crime.
The committee on the control of food consumption, consisting of Mr. Justice Rose, chairman: Miss
Mary U. Watson, Mr. George Wright and Mr. W. A.
Cooper, has been in session for two days. Within a
very short time it will have proposals to submit for
the consideration of various classes of consumer:..
Meetings will then be held at various centres to discuss the proposals with the various elements and interested affected.
(Signed) W. J. HANNA, t
Food Controller.
We have forgotten who said it, but we are sure it
is not far wrong. "The nation that impresses its
language upon the world is the one that ultimately is
destined to exert the dominating influence.���Southern
In the L'nited States of late years tliere has been
a rapid decline in the number of foreign language
newspapers. These papers flourished at the time of
our greatest immigration of foreign-speaking peoples,
but they diminished in number when the second and
third generations began to replace the first. Even
where both parents ivere of the same Old World stock,
the children became Americans because they spoke the
English language. Thisi s a fact well known to Americans, but probably not entirely realized in Europe, if
what we have heard of plots and plans is true.���Southern Lumberman.
Some months ago a New York business man wa
entertaining at lunch a Russian military officer who
was here in connection with equipment purchases.
The American was no slacker when it came to doing
his bit in selecting from the back of the menu card,
while thc Russian too, had been accustomed to appetizers before meals, and good wines to accompany
the food should he so desire. As soon as seated at
the table the American suggested a cocktail, to which
the Russian replied with dignified earnestness: "My
government has forbidden the use of liquor in Russia
during tlie war and I cannot allow myself an indulgence here which my associates at home are not
allowed to have."���The Wall Street Journal.
London's Financial System
That there are thing in which the rest of the
world may learn useful lessons from Germany may
readily be admitted. In some lines of industrial education, German methods have proved effective, and
doubtless there are some other directions in which the
German genius for efficient organization may be admired. It has been claimed that in facilities for the
encouragement of foreign commerce Germany has heen
ahead of Great Britain, and the British people are
sometimes called on to follow German examples. .There
is now a movement on foot to establish a new concern
to be called the British Trade Corporation, to supply
the alleged want. Traders, we are told, have repeatedly gone to tbe llritish Hoard of Trade asking that some
organization be established to serve business interests
as the Deutsche Hank has served the trade interests of
Germany. Statements of this kind have moved a writer
in the London Economist to protest against the idea
that what the Deutsche liank lias been doing to facilitate trade is unusual and without au equivalent in the
llritish system. The most that can bc said for the German bank's method is that it comprises within one
corporation several lines of financial operations which
London, from its experience, finds can be best carried
on separately. "The Deutsche Banks." says this
writer, "does not indulge in conjuring tricks, nor has
it evolved any method of finance that is not already
practised in London. It appeals, however, to the
imagination on account of its imposing size and manifold activities, for it is a clearing bank, an accepting
house, an issuing house, a discount company and promoting syndicate rolled into one." In London each of
these functions is performed by a separate institution,
each one specializing in its particular line, and, the
Londoner thinks, doing the work better than all can be
done by any one concern. The only point in which it
is admitted the German system excels is the promoting
business, which Germany has been able to do better
than London because of the German superiority in
technical education. This, it is confessed, has given
the German banks the benefit of the services of highly
trained technical advisers. In this respect we may he
sure that, in the arrangement of after-the-war trade
plans. John Bull will make a vigorous effort to overtake his rival, and that there will be no ground of
complaint as to London's ability to hold its own in
competition with Berlin.
In Xew York's new city directory the Cohens have
forty-nine and one-half columns anil the Smiths only
forty-six and one-half. Sic transit gloria. Rapid
transit at that. Barely ten years ago one might have
overheard, "Come on, [key! Let's go up in the Chris-
tion quarter," hut today there is hardly a Christian
sixteenth; Xew York has a million Jews. Thev won
Manhattan. They control the real estate business, the
clothing business, the theatrical business, They are
fast winning places in the fire department and on "the
Happily, the Jews are doing much to perpetuate
Gentile names. YVcsuspect that perhaps three columns
of Smiths were anciently Cohens, and when east side
Jews weary of |ieing Diamondsteins. Pinktissohns,
Roscnblums, and Silverman? they adopt the names of
the streets where they live. As these were christened
for the old Dutch settlers of Manhattan, tbe results
are indeed wonderful. Among Jews occupying high
seats in the synagogue behold Messrs. Van Rensselaer
and Schuyler!
Well, why not? It will bother the genealogists, of
course. They will be hard put to it, by and by, to tell
whether this or that nabob is descended from a Dutch
oven or a pushcart. But who cares? If the most of
us could meet our remote ancestors we should yell for
the police.���Chicago Tribune.
Thrift  and  Economy  Must  Be  Practised
Throughout the Dominion
Ten nations of the world are on rations. Food conditions in Canada are becoming serious. The neces
sity for careful examination of every expenditure is
imperative upon every man and woman in the country.
Thrift must lie exercised by all. The need of the hour
is well expressed by Stephen  Leacock, who writes
Red Tape is synonymous with technicalities which
hinder completion of governmental contracts or action.
We read of important matter.' held up while official
Washington hummed and hawed because papers had
to be revised by this man or that department, each
jealous of the other; all to the detriment and delay of
the matter on hand.
That a thing can be done without preliminaries is
proved by an incident in the Civil War. An old engineer was told one day a bridge must be built over a certain stream. "The major will furnish you plans in
the morning," said his superior.
The ne,xt day he was called before thc commandant, who asked: "Have you received the plans for
that bridge ?"
"The bridge is done, sor; I don't know if the pic-
ter is finished or not," was the reply.���The Wall Street
Jn peace times, Lloyd's Association, with its agents
and signal stations in every part of the world, is the
chief distributor of news of ship movements, but various exchanges and private concerns collect their own
news. When tliere is no military purpose to .serve,
port authorities freely impart news of arrivals and
departures of vessels. d I
To ship chandlers and some merchants this news '
is vital, but with the United States' declaration of-war,
ship news was practically suppressed. To supply the
necessary information, huts and bungalows along the
coast have been turned into private observatories, and
as soon as a ship is sighted, it is reported to the head
offices and it can be met on arrival.���The Wall Street
The closer organization of the British Empire has
removed for all time, so far as we can see, even from
academic discussion, thc question of annexation. Canada is and will be not a colony but a free nation. Antl,
moreover, she is our ally. Frictional feeling is gone;
mutual confidence is engendered. We must seize the
opportunity to unite our feelings more closely. In all
Pan-American Congresses we must see that Canada is
recognized. Our educational institutions must study
Canada as they study Latin America. We must cultivate personal international friendship with her. For
Canada and we are facing common problems, of immigration, of water ways and railroad transportation, of
labor and capital,/of suffrge. We shall solve them
with far greater ease if we approach them in a spirit
of trust and, co-operation.���Chicago Record-Herald. SATURDAY, JULY 28, 1917
A Tkriliiig L@v@ Story
in %h�� days ��IF 1776
bl'.\ Efl
Will Roth C��irait2���<Q>MiI,7
In Tlae Stad&ff d!
Jarrat bent toward liini
smilingly in the arrogar
"Is there 110 compensate'n even lor
thai? Lonk you! There bc bright
eyes in the middle plantation; bright
eyes, .unl red lips and little waists and
soft ways. There are slender fingers
to bc kissed, and these fingers oft
hold purse-strings. Love is a pretty
game, and, by benefit of clergy, 'ti��
sometimes wed with broad plantations
that bring golden guineas across the
He laughed at the look the other
gave him. "Zooksl" he cried. "Why
not? Think* you tbe proudest of them
all would not blush to be wooed by a
noble. There are few 'my Lords' in
the valleys.''
nd  spoke  through   Ashby's   Gap,   along   slopes (Mrs. Tillots
of   full   spotted with clumps of lilac and gol-      "It seems
j den-red, j for a year.''
Francis Hyrd rode beside the win- UP '""' !l"
he  was  to join   Lord  Dun- :i  llint  "'
I  suit  i
more at Winchester whither the governor, in a burly lit oi rage at his
recalcitrant burgesses, had betaken
himself to await the gathering of
troops irom the northern counties for
the expedition against thc restless
Shawanee Indians on the Scioto
They had met but few travelers of
quality so far to the westward���for
the mots part wandering petty chapmen or perhaps a Palatinate trader
coming from Pennsylvania. These latter drove teams of six or eight horses
wearing jingling bells and their huge
Monsieur Armand sprang up. push- Conestoga  wagons  were  loaded  with
ed  the  shutters  of  the  window   wide P'ow-irons   and   with   salt,   lead   and
and leaned out, drawing a deep, long gunpowder for tlie lower settlers.
breath.     Dark   was   come  down   over      At the notched summit Hyrd rose in
a moonless vast flooded with waves of ''is  stirrups.
bishops'-purple, to which trees lent
a deeper mystery of shadow. When
he turned, his face was tender, his
eyes   luminous.
"Virginia ladies," Jarrat continued.
"are as proud as any court dames.
They have the St. James sniff for the
commoner. Hut 'tis yours to choose
from them all. an you use your wit."
"Mine to choose . . " the young
foreigner said as if to himself. "Mine
to choose!" lie looked out again into
the dark, while his tempter smiled
discreetly behind him. "But to win���
is always to keep, Monsieur? Some
time���some time the truth must come
to light. She whom 1 would win must
love me. Would she love me then?"
He spoke low, rather to the outer
silence than to the other.
"Pooh! When a woman lias once
wed, think you it matters whether
her husband be a hero or a rogue"'
When the game is over, the heifer is
in the stall, and there's the commission
to console her. Bething, too, that
the game is honored by the governor's approval. 'Tis a crown service, done at the solicitation of the
royal governor. We shall
set out for Winchester, where he lies
with the troops, lie shall guarantee
this betimes therc. What say you?"
Jarrat's voice  was  contemptuous.
Monsieur Armand turned from the
darkness, his look suddenly changed.
"Yes," he said slowly, "I  will do it."
His visitor rose with a covert twist
to his lips. "You have decided well,"
he said. "You have the assurance
to succeed, too! To flutter the farthingales you will need money, of course."
"Money?" the other sjniled. "And
me the Marquis de la Trouerie? Talk
of money between gentlemen? Plenty
of  time   for  that���afterward."
"Better and better," said Jarrat, the
old sneer returning now that the game
"The  Shcnnando, Anne!" be cried.
Below, where the unbroke sunshine
spun its web, lay a gold valley clasped
hills. Thc near mountain walls
stood all matted with burnished leaves
of wild ivy and bloom of chamoeda-
phne, its white cup-shapes stained with
purplish red. In die wooded bottom
the river shivered with tlic tumbling
foam of steep torrents and went slipping soapily over ledges and between
wild acres of mottled sycamore, of
drooped willow and birch. The sun.
as they rode, became dull saffron-
gold between the overlapped wedges
of crimsoning hills.
"Poor dear!" sighed Anne, as an
extra heavy jolt brought lamentation
from her nerve-racked companion.
"We shall soon be there, aunt Mildred; Winchester is just beyond the
next  forest."
"It's been just beyond the next forest for three hours." moaned the lady.
"The colonel really 11111*1 have new
Springs put tu the chaise. This mad
is barbarous!' '
"There   is   Winchester."   Anne   exclaimed, joyfully.    "I   see  the  Mag on
presently the fort."
This, a great sefuarc fortification
with four bastions���the stockade built
by Colonel Washington before the reduction of Duqucsne���was gone much
to ruin. It sat on the towns' edge
with generous barracks rearing above
the walls and soldiery grouped before
the entrance. Here Hyrd left them j Convention
to   report   his   arrival,   and    the   two j die ravage
we iiau not seen you
Anne  continued, looking
sallow   fa..' and th|
ipproval, ,0 hi
minister's gray.
lie taw her glance nnd smiled a
little quizzically, "I am being last
spoiled, lu said. '1 have a plent) ol
coatf good enough for me, yet once
I   go  to the  Congress   I   must  get  a
new   one   to   please   tlie   eye   of   ..ther
folk.     I   am   on   niy   way   hack   from
Philadelphia now."
"Are you lodged at the Kin :'-
Arms?'' asked the  elder lady.
"At the Three Rams. Methinks the
royal tang here about is a hit strong
for me. I have a scent f"r it liku a
beagle   for  a  porcupine."
"Lord,Fairfax is here," said Anne,
"but he has not yet seen us. We shall
surprise him." She elapepd her hands
together softly. "I wonder how he
will look! Wc were playing caves-
dropper just now. aunt Mildred and
I, only to steal a view of him. Is it
very dreadful? Come with us and
"I shall leave her to you. Mr. Henry," said Mrs. Tillotson. "The chests
are in, so be not long, Anne; I shall
wait  in  our  chamber."
As they crossed to the window.
Anne stopped and looked at him cjues-
"What of the Congress?" she asked,    ller voice was sharp and eager.
lie sin.ok his head a little sadly,
his brows together over bis cllcp-sunk
eye-. "'Tis not ihe time ylt. I'he
Assembly is ton young. They fear
to take a -tip in the dark. It is the
blind leading the blind." he said a
little bitterly. "There is no open eye
Stay���there is oik. lie offered theni,3
a thousand  men-at-arms."
For more than one ni ������'.    ���   I  en -  illy curts) ni , in her eyes
had  got  up  and   were  going   out   al The voice went on:
this.    Even  anion;.,   those   who   sided "But we of my country \ ���..
with the king, there were many who American, so     ell- tfe kno��   hi
had   spoken  "i"''1  disapproval   of thi .  .,    ���                   our own arm
Stamp Acl days, and loved Henry for he has Fought���bef'   ���  Duqui
that, if for naught else. ��� irs,   I   pledge   you   a   brave   man
Fo)  saw it. "Ay.-, lei then Colonel Gi irge Washington!"
them gol" In  meered. ""lis time folk Armand lifted hi-   ;la -      ively al
knew  where loyalt}  lay. a- they know he   finished,   and   drank,   and   a   little
wiih you and me. my  Lord." .       heei   ran  around  the   i" m
A   ilow   contempt   went   over   that One   could  not  have  told   from   the
rugged   old   face.        The   baron   had speaker'-   face   that   he   knew   he   hail
small love for this colliding.    He de- drunk  alone.    My   Lord   Fairfax   had
spiscd   the   blackguard   confidant   of no aht--- >"�� he rose in his seat ami
Governor   Dunmore   to.,   heartily   to bowed to him.
bandy talk  with him. The toast drunk. Armand set down
Toy   filled  bis  glass.  "Tis   said  in ���l,c ��,ass with a claE'' ""to lhe table.
Philadelphia." he resumed, "that onei]lis face became all at once set and
of our Virginians got on his hind If.;''"1'1' *""1 he Stood very Straight.
and lold them he wished to f'.r.d he "One thing more. Messieurs," he
could light it out -ingle-handed with'said, "we know in my country. We
George. What tiling you nf that, know the courtesy. Our postilions
Rolph?" .know what is due to the gentleman of
Lord  Fairfax  had deliberately turn- birth. And thus���"
ed  his hack upon  Foy, but be "'
in bis seat now  at  the answer
if one
of the quality.
Hurnaby Rolph. Foy's companion of
the gold-lace, already heavy with the
punch and rocking tipsily in his chair,
lifted   his head and  laughed  runkenly.
"Sooth,'' he hiccoughe. "The same
one offered to enlist a thousand in n
al his own expense and march them
to relieve  Huston."
Anne's face went colorless and her
fingers clasped Henry's arm with a
force that made him wince. "Cruel!
Cruel!'' she said, for thc old haron
broke iu, stammering with choler:
g of tlu
full int'
He turned sharply upon I
"I   teach  it  lo ynu���you 1
;     Wtih this he flung the gla
his  face.
So unexpected had been the action
that Anne gave a little scream, unnoted in the stir across the sill, and
Henry let out a great "By Cod!" of
Foy's countenance turned a devil's.
and his sword was out before he got
I     Armand bowed to Lord I'air.a.. and
then   to   Foy,   "Monsieur."   In-   asked
Through Tickets
issued   to   all    parts
of the world.
to the Old Country,
Alaska,    China    and
For full
particulars applv
to any
"The    infernal
trembling.   "Is   il
Do they flout the
The  buzz  in   th
I man. hi
said  Henry'
rebel!"    he     cried, the latter, "is the affront to your lik-
gone   -o   far   then? 'ng'"
- king to his face"-''|    '"Sdeath and  wounds!" raved  Foy,
1   room   ceased,  and  in   a   fury.     'W'e   need  go   no   farther
ooked at the tawny old noble- than here to settle this! 1 kiled a man
features working with wrath, at  Minden  for less."
lingers were tight-closed ar.dl    The old baron got up, with the
"Colonel     Washington!"    she     .
under her breath. Anne's  white  teeth  bit  her  under  lip of  his  negro  body-servant,  breathing
"Aye.    Colonel    Washington.    The  till a spot of flood came upon  it. heavily.   "Sirs!"   he   protested.     "Let
best   soldier   in   America   today.    The!    All in the room knew the old man;  there   bc   no   blood-shed,   I     beg   of|
only   one   who   sees!   For   the   other-. ,nl:l"'   '��ved him: not a few held lease you!"
it  is   temporize���temporize���wait   the upon his land.   He was one of the last     "My   Lord!"   Armand's   voice   wa
king's   better  humor Parson   Duchc, brave barons who bore his name: forjquie t and contained, and it was all
the rankest Tory of them all, opening  ,lu'   most   part,   whether   crusaders   or,said.    Lord Fairfax stoppe slvrt. loo
the session  with  prayerl poets, men gentle
"Why.     a      Philadelphia      deb".ate1'"��'   of   Cod
named Galloway spoke for a new plan
of reconciliation, with close allegiance.
gate j
an American Legislature and a president-general   appointed   by   lhe   king.
It came nigh to stampeding the whole
They  see  only  war and
mr town;���imt one rood
ladies rode to the town ordinary. beyond  that.    They  see  not  that  the
They   descended   to   find   thc   long '"ne and people are ripe for it.   They
kli s_s and min
o lived clean
,'s. and died commending tlieir S' 11
Jesus and bequeathing torches ai
sheep for their funerals. He was
man every inch of him! IL
the kin's ministers, hut he I
Al the leer Foy gave him. some half an
rose angrily, hut others, of the lower he
sort, scenting what was coming, slyly en
e  at   mm
sto,, still.
Rolph   came   lurchin
shift)-  eyes  sobered  h
"eGntlemen," he cried.
blamed and send the servants
veil  the need   to  confer."
, the
:r.\ av.
Established  1904
Carload Business a Specialty
B.C. Vinegar Works
J.   II.   FALCONER,    Manager
Member   Society     of   Chemical
'he baron crossed the room at il
[ held out his hand. "I beg of you."
.-aid. "to honor me hy your pies-1
e at Greenway Court tomorrow." I
- - --ii- - - ... - ..-a*.- -fry:-.*V'._s-,..:���,
,dmJ   '".,     ' ��i   '������'.'-"':".. Rilfiisd Stvia
. CENTER- SMl-i-NA;tlSflTED...
parlor thickly set with guests and
passed quickly through the ball to the
inn-yard, waiting disposition of their
luggage.   '
"Thc place is overfull it seems,"
Mrs.  Tillotson   said   to   the   landlord.
"Onus!"   he   answered.   "There   arc
was won. "It bespeaks good faith. I|a plenty of beds, though nigh all my
hope you shared your master's gold tankards arc kept well in use. Tis the
with our honest skipper Elves? But s'oldiery at the fort draws them���a
you will need brave clothes. 'Tis not Is001' thing for the Kings Arms. The
too much you look like a marquis at Indians may go a-scalping as oft as
present." they will."
Monsieur Armand laid his finger on      "They   are   all   kin's   men   within.''
his  lip   laughingly.   "Ah,  that  is   my  asked  Anne
secret. Clothes?" He crossed to the
chest, unlocked it with a key from his
pocket, threw it open and began with
rapidity to take otlt coats, waistcoats,
short-clothes���all of beautiful texture
and heavy with lace.
"Clever robber!" said Jarrat admiringly under bis breath. "A neat
plucking of a useless cadaver."
The secretary laughed gaily as be
took out these, with a ribbon of
foreign orders, and a sword.
"Clothes?" said he again. "Let me
see which 1 shall wear!" He was lifting the exquisite garments. "I beg
Monsieur will turn bis head away for
one moment. Comine ca!"
He caleld to imaginary body-servant: "Alphonse! My waistcoat! The
(lowered one���that is right. Now, my
coat. Via! My sword belt, Pierre
(. . . So! The- fairest lady in tbe
world would be pleased with that.
Now Monsieur le Capitainel"
Jarrat, looking around, could scarce
repress a ery. Tbe gray-coated ligtirc
was no more. In its stead a vision
invested in pale-rose satin, with gold
chain, jeweled and smiling, stood bc
fore him.
The secretary raised the sword and
gave Jarrat the fencer's salute.
"Louis Armand is gone away, Mon
sieur." he said, lifting eloquent shoulders. "Henceforth behold in me. Mon
sieur le Marquis de la Trouerie, Noble
of France, Messenger of Louis the
Sixteenth!"    ���
Pledge You a Brave Man
���On a hazy afternoon following Jar
rat's stroke of diplomacy, a Berlin
chaise, in lieu of the ruined chariot
bearing Mrs. Tillotson and Mistress
Anne  on  a  visit  to   Berkeley,  drew
'Aye���a proof of my loyalty. These
be times," he added, scratching his
grizzle head as be went in. "when 'tis
hard to choose betwixt old and new
tilings, with the Whigs so hot. As
for mc. though, methinks the old will
outlast  my time."
"Aunt Mildred," called Anne, delightedly, "look! There is my Lord
Fairfax's  chariot!"
It stood under the wide shed, huge
and ungainly. Anne went to it and
patted the dark leather and laid her
young cheek against the purple cushion.
"He is here, then,' she cried; "1
wonder if we could see him." Drawing
Mrs. Tillotson after her, she passed
to the wide window and peered within. It was thing half open and through
it came glassy tinkles and a babble
of talk.
Colonial costumes were sown
through the long room and here and
there were royal uniforms, flagrantly
crimson. Cocked hats and greatcoats lay about on the chairs and
riding-whips were scattered on the
Opposite them, against the farther
wall, Burnaby Rolph of Westham sat
squat in his oak chair where the candles glinted on his gold lace, stirring
with his dress-sword a punch of Ja-
macia rum in a great bowl. Beside
him, his arm flflung carelessly back,
lounged Captain Foy. Now tbe spirit
was in his mottled, sensual face, and
it seemed to cloak a devil in scarlet.
Tht girl shrank back instinctively,
and held her aunt's arm more closely.
Then she turned her eyes over the
"Mistress Anne!" exclaimed a voice
behind  her.
"Oh," she cried, turning, "Mr.
Henyr!  How good  it is to see you."
He  took  her  hand  and  bowed  to
see not that such a war can not he j
fought alone���that we shall, we liuisl j
have help from Europe! That we
mus   win!
"I'll." he  said  with  sudden passion,
his eyes burning like  coals, "of such
stuff is our Congress made.!  A mufti-1
tilde   of   counsellors   and   no   leader, j
The   sacrifice   laid   waiting,   but   no
Anne came closer to him, ber line
face   flashing.
"Hut this is not the last time." she
said. "Thc Congress will meet again.
When it does. Virginia should lead
them. The Colonics must look to us.
if it comes to worst. You say we have
thc best soldier. So shall wc have the
best regiments. Virginia, alone of all
tbe rest, was settled by a single people. 'Tis held by gentlemen, and gentlemen light best!" She put out her
hand and laid it on his arm. "You can
be the leader." she said. "Vou can be
the fire!"
Thereafter neither spoke for a moment. From the stables a horse whinnied softly and a gust of laughter and
the sound of a falling ale-pot came
from the crowded parlor.
Then they moved forward and stood
by the open window,
"I    see    Lord    Fairfax."   whisf
Anne.    "There by tbe door."
Thc old nobleman whom her smiling eyes sought out, sat quietly apart,
his sword across his knees, with his
body-servant standing behind him. His
near-sighted glances, sent squinting,
carched the assembly vvith a lurking
distrust. They were king's men, truly,
but not gentle like those of bis own
time. He turned bis face toward Foy,
as the latter, pounding the table with
his sword, suddenly spoke up loudly:
"I am just come from Philadelphia,
gentlemen, where the ragamuffin Congress sits, and may I be flayed if 1
ever saw a finer lot of noodle-heads!
Our Virginian cocks-o'-the-walk were
all therc. slimy from their hell-broth
of treason at Williamsburg. 'Od's
heart! It sickens to tbe marrow of
the bones to see that lout Patrick
Henry strut about in Quakerdom."
Anne flinched as if she had been
stung, and seized Henry's wrist.
"Oh!" she said under ber breath.
"Come  away!"  'Tis  shameful!"
"Xo, let us bear it." he answered.
"Think you I am not used to such as
that?' His voice trailed a slender line
of infinite  scorn. "Look!"
"I  thank vou, mv Lord," said Ar
winked and smiled behind their palm
"One could scarce be too severe with ' maud,
such  a bloody knave, my  Lord?"        j     Then   the  old  man.   with
"lie  -hoiild  nu  iu  Tyburn!" blazed up, erect and leaning on his
tbe old man.
''Swelp   me
coarse   laugh,
think vou was
arm. passed 1
knew very we
to be the best
"Aye,"   sail
swinging  his
strode   into   tl
allow  me, sir!
Anne  waitei
'ran   back   thn
the .1 '    He
' scarce saw tb
she   felt   his  i
"You   here.
iter?"   he   'aid
to Greenway
.blithe   :'��� >r vou
\r :
ried Foy, with a
d who. gentlemen.
hangman's cur, this
dirty factious scoundrel? Why.
Colonel Washington, i' faith.���turncoat   since   the   French   war!"
There were murmurs at this from
all sides, even from these Tories���at
the trap that had been -et���at tin
wanton affront lo a friendship that
bad been well known throughout the
Colony, since the days when Lawrence
Washington lirst brought sweet Anne
Fairfax from  Belvoir to Mt.  Vernon.
"Hound!" ground Hnerj between
bis teeth. A cold hand seemed pressed upon Anne's heart.
Tbe  stanch   old   loyalist's   face  had
turned a gray-white,  lie half chocked guest   for
and   his   hand   went   fumbling   to   the!     Looking
lace at his throat,    lie  was  silent  for'Anne   saw   two   d
a moment, his grcat brows together, miniatures of hi- I
his  lingers  on  the  arm  of  the   chair! his cheeks.
clasping   and   unclasping,   while   Foy
sneered audibly  in  the quiet.
"Not . . . George!" he faltered
at length. Something almost like a|
dry sob escaped him. He seemed not I
to see the sneering face before him,
now searching about for applause. I lei
turned to the company with a gesture
appealing and pathetic.
ut  to  lus cham t.
1 that  Foy was reptttei
swordsman iu the Col
vill serve?'
gn tiie court-yard to
eyes, blinded by tear-.
gri .it. gaunt figure till
ul upon her hair
iv dear, in Winches-
jaily. "You must ride
Court. V\ r shall he
I  haw just invited a
e held his hand,
is���"little shining
; tart���roll down
CH U'Tl.k   IX
A Glimpse of Hearts
"And you will not stay?"
"I   can   not,  Mademoiselle."
They stood a little way from the inn
porch, between low box-rows, and tbe
"Why, gentlemen," he said, "���why, young Frenchman's eyes looked back
I've known him since he was sixteen! tlie stenciled moonlight.
I remember in forty-eight when he! "Yet," Anne continued, "last time
was a ruddy-faced boy and ran my we met. Monsieur. 1 should not have
lines for mc! The Whigs have misled deemed it too much to ask of you.
him, maybe, but he could not take up'There are those of your sex who
arms   against���his   king!" [would not scorn the tedium of an eve-
There was a little stir in the place  uing with  me.    Would   1   had  spared
���a  sort of waiting silence.     Then  a  my invitation and my blushes!"
young man arose in the back part of      "Cruel!  When   you  know   T   would
the room and bowed gracefully. It was give  so much���anything,  for an hour
Monsieur   Armand,   and     be   held   a  with you."
slender-stemmed glass  which he had      She touched his sleeve lightly, "W'e
filled. shall     sit     before     the     tire,"     she
"Messieurs," he said, simply. "I  am  said,  "and  you  shall  tell  us  tales  of
not of your country, nor am I of the '��� France  and  of  thc  life  in  your own
allegiance  of  your  king.   My  country' country.    'Tis  chill  here."
is one far away���and it is one that has'    "Mademoiselle.  I   can  not.    1  have
learned of war to love a soldier and a tryst tonight."
a brave man." "With beauty? Then will T not de-
As  he  spoke,  Henry's  face  lighted.lay so gallant a cavalier."
with   a   great   flash   of   surprise   and |    She left him and walked toward the
pleasure.    He  did  not  see  the  white porch, but ber steps lagged. Turning,
A Nourishing
Summer Food
For Babies
Sou-Van Buttermilk
W'e recommend your giving baby
land your growing children lots of
' Fresh Buttermilk durin;; the coming
j months.
Here is ane conomical and wholesome food-drink that costs hut little
hut builds up the young constitution
as  no  other   food   will.
Sou-Van Buttermilk is made from
properly ripened ere.un according to
the original buttermilk recipe.. We
use 00 preservatives or artificial ingredients���that is why we are able
In claim a clean, reliable food-drink
that you and the little people will
fully  enjoy.
Made under ideal conditions���sent
to vou in sterilized bottles���FIVE
Phone Fair. 2o2-t, or ask your
driver  for  a  supply
Sou-Van Milk
(South  Vancouver  Milk  Co.)
Scientific Dairymen
and red changing in his companion's
cheek, did not note her uneven breath,
nor  thc  wondrous beauty  that  came.
she saw him standing still, looking
after her, then came back lacing her
fingers together.
Phone Highland 137
Grandview Hospital
VANCOUVER     -     B.C.
Medical : Surgical  : Maternity
Rates   from  $15.00   per   week
PHONE:   SEY.   900
1012**3.anc_art_   Bank   Building
Wit ��taittar>
in packages ranging from .300 lb. barrels down to
2 lb. Cartons, to suit your requirements.
���tliey are especially useful to tlie liottseliolder with
limited room, and in the apartment house kitchenette.
The 18, 20 and 100 lb. bags are just as carefully
packed, and contain the same excellent grade of
sugar, unexcelled the world over.
Also Powdered Sugar, Icing Sugar, Berry and Fruit
Sugar, and Yellow Sugar as dark or as light as you
wish to have it.
Eyans, Coleman & Evans Ltd.
Foot Columbia Avenue      Phone Sey. 2988
Fugler & Mackinnon
Magazine, Music, and Book
binders to the trade
Loose Leaf Systems
PHONE Sey. 3691 319 PENDER ST.
The Greatest Good to the
Greatest Number
Eight times as many people use the street
cars daily as use the jitney.
If the jitney were allowed to stay at the
cost of driving away the street car, 80,000
to 90,000 people would be inconvenienced
Is that the greatest good to the greatest
number���the principle on which all progress
must depend?
The street car service is adequate to meet
every need and is the only mode of transportation that accommodates all classes of travel.
To sacrifice the transportation systenTthat
every city of this size on the continent has
found necessary for the temporary whims
of a few who are not concerned with the
rights of the majority, would be poor business.
If you wish to retain the service of the
street railway, see that conditions make it
possible for it to operate and give your active
support to obtaining fair play for your
transportation system.
To the lvlitor of The Standard,���Re   that tliey will lote all for which they
your interesting comment Oil "I'oliti-
al Prosecutions Collapse.'' As far as
Manitoba's case is concerned it was
by no means a complete collapse.
Thos. Kelly, the contractor involved,
is serving a two years' penitentiary
sentence and the arbitration commission finds he nuist pay to the state
improperly appropriated funds totalling some $l,2UO,(XX). This is no mean
victory for the people considering that
K elly was entrenched behind powerful political friends of both parties
and with opulent resources at his disposal. The punishment may not seem
adequate,  but  it is  considerable.
But on the whole, your contention
is well grounded. At the very time
your July 14 issue was being circulated thc Wctmorc Royal Commission
of Saskatchewan, after a year's investigation of alleged frauds in public
works of that province reported. The
exposures recorded that one McPherson, chairman of the highly honorable and lucrative Highways oBard,
acting in that confidential capacity,
had awarded a quarter of a million in
contracts, without competition to a
company in which he was a silent partner, the chief shareholder. Of course
he resigned and now the commission
merely "censures Mr. McPherson for
acting in the dual capacity of chairman of the highways board ami stockholder in a contracting company." If
tbis   is  the   only  penalty   involved   in
have made such a sordid Struggle.
To the Editor of the Standard:
Alter reading the Rev, A. E.
Cooke's splendid sermon in last
week's Standard. 1 feel as though a
Thomas and avoidadu rad rtdar dart
young lady could not help seeing The
Thorns and avoiding them. But is it
the young lady's fault. We are all
children of fortune and did it ever
dawn on this reverend gentleman
that half the girls from the age of
12 to 18 years are children of mothers that used criminal methods to attempt to destroy them before they
were born. Can you reap wheat from
thistle seeds that you have sown. The
pre-natal influence has often been to
destroy, to weaken instead of to fill
with beauty and joy. A great majority of women and mothers today
and for the past decade have been
contriving every manner of methods
to frefrain from thc maternal duties
and often tliey are not successful and
the child is born to what, a disgruntled mother and father not welcome,
weak in will power. For'the mother
has been weak in performing the
greatest gift that God has given, the
reproduction of His own image.
How can we expect a strong willed
and brave generation from such parents.    It seenis to me that the mothers and fathers need a sermon more
the  gross  betrayal  of a  public  trust  than  thc  girls.    If thc  farmer  has a
1  ''���     '���      ���      ;    ���      ' I: ��� ���    .. -    __,     ������ ���   ���:   ;
how can we expect the stream of public employment to remain tin-polluted? Are the times not ripe for the
fear of God to be placed in the men
who use public positions for improper
private gains?
.   Now come the revelations  that the
cold storage manipulators have reaped
millions   out   of'necessaries   of   life,
which   they  cornered  in  defiance   of
cvety   principle   of   decency   and   the
criminal  statutes.  Is  there to be  no
prosecutions?    Can  the  criminal   law
not be invoked to discourage such sinister  profiteering?    lt  is   no  secret
that a small body of grain and Hour
manipulators   formed   a   plunderbitnd
which  put the  price of bread stocks
two hundred per cent, higher than the
normal  business  condition  demanded,
here in Manitoba, and when caught on
the "short side" of the market wliich
they had industriously rigged up  for
the consumer this spring, powerful interests came to their relief and saved
them from the consequences of being
caught   (by  thc  merest  accident)   in
the trap which they had set for the
helpless public. Whither are we drifting  as  a   Commonwealth   when  acts
of  this   character  go  unrebuked  and
the men who pull the strings go un-
whipped by justice?   These same men
prate of their patriotism and loyalty,
but   no   considerations   of  patriotism
prevent them making the cost of living prohibitary to the families of our
fighting men.    And do not make the
mistake of imaging that there is no
direct relations between these revelation and the sudden falling off in recruiting.     Military   district    Xo.    10
(Manitoba)   which   stands  second   iu
the honor roll of recruiting, has the
poor satisfaction of recording but 228
enlistments for the first fifteen days
of July! Can this bc anything but the
practical  interpretation   of  public   resentment against the food hogs?   The
milling   trust   boasts   of   ten   millions
profit in  1915-16.    Does this account
for bread being more expensive here
on  these  prairies  where  we  produce
the grain to feed the Empire, than in
war-worried London? And then some
eastern  plutocrats  dare  suggest  that
perhaps the "west is not loyal."   We
of the west know thc truth. We know
that   the   voluntary   system   has  been
a success west of the Lakes, and wc
know that conscription will be  sup
ported here in spite of the men who
hoard eggs, chickens and other necessaries for abnormal prices when these
articles are so scarce that our soldiers'
hospitals   can   with   diwculty   secure
supplies  of  same.    But will  we  not
reap the whirlwind for tolerating these
scandalous conditions? When our food
controlleracts instead of uttering academic    bromides    about    conserving
food,   then   the   great,  loyal  masess,
will be energetically interested.    The
People   are   sound.   The   canker   is
among those who have been delegated authority to lead.   Ottawa officials
can't travel over the country in private
cars and expect advice on  food and
man power conservation to be accepted seriously.   It would be ridiculous if
it did not concern the very existence
of our common country.   It does not
seem to occur to some of these men
whose   daily  existence   seems   to  be
guided wholly by a  dollar mark  that
they may provoke such a  cataclysm
by their    grasping,  pelfish    methods
poor crop of apples he flames the
tree and unreadily prunes or nourishes it. Don't blame the poor girls. In
a great many cases they are either
the victims of a careless mother and
father or loose early training, and
sometimes too much rigid training
Then too'there are men who are the
cause of this. Hundreds of cases are
from employers, pillars of society
and leading men. The girls appear
at Police Court and may confess who
the man was, but you never see any
men mentioned cither in the papers
or pulpits. Thc poor Cowan woman
is forgotten about now and Dr. 'Per-
civat King goes to his office everyday. If you would tar and feather
just one man, such as the dear Doctor, it would put the fear into the
rest of them. Everyone preaches to
the girl, papers, judges, preachers and
parents; but what is done for the
real cause of the trouble. The men
go free and the parents are pitied for
the shame that is brought on the family name. Thc Rev. Dr. Cooke might
preach a like sermon to parents and
mention a ew prominent, respectable
men of the city who help the downfall of girls along and then clean up
on the girls.
Yours truly,
Sunnyside, B. C.
The distiller rides in a steam yact,
the wholesale dealer in an auto, the
retail dealer in a carriage, but the
purchaser of the liquor is pulled
around by the hair of his head by a
Mrs. Allen of Denver, Col., has
been spending three months with her
sister Mrs. Montgomery. She left
loco Friday on receipt of a telegram
from Mr. Allen who is very ill some
place in Texas. Tt was regretted by
her many friends that sad news called
her home,
The residents of Sunnyside gathered at the school house Saturday
night for thc annual meeting of the
trustees. The secretary had a splendid report for the year and it was
voted to raise $.100 by taxation of the
homesteads for improvements and
necessities for the coming year. Mr.
Thomas Knowles. F. A. Trigwell and
Mrs. C. S. Martin were elected trustees and Mr. C. S. Martin, auditor.
After the meeting the ladies had a
card party arranged undre the con-
venorship of Mes_lan.es Gales Johnson, W. S. Mann, F. A. Trigwell,
Martin and Knowles. About 25 cou
pies played progressive whist and
prizes were won by Mrs. Tim Davis
and Mr. Isaac Porter. Mrs. Crawford and Mr. J. Wishart captured the
booby prizes. The ladies served delightful refreshments and the youngsters and grown-ups too enjoyed
dancing and games till a late hour.
The guests from loco were Mr. and
Mrs. Jas. Crawford, Mrs. Montgomery, Mr. Jim Shirley antTMr. Patterson. Others who attended were Miss
R. Robitialte, Messrs. Ivan and E.
Latta, Vancouver, and from Sunnyside were Mr and Mrs. W. S. Mann,
Mr. and Mrs. MacGregor, Mr. and
Mrs. R. Brelsford, Mr and Mrs. Geo.
M. Murray, Mr and Mrs. Sam Smith
and family, Mr. and Mrs. T. Knowles
and family, Mr. F. Jeffries. Mrs. ��.
Johnson, Mr. and Mrs. Logan, Miss
Winter, Misses Knowles. Wm.
Knowles, Mr. and Mrs. F. A. Trig-
well, Mr. and Mrs. CS. Martin and
Mr and Mrs Gales Johnson
Gives    Satisfaction    (or    a
Life    Time
(Between Robson and Smythe)
153-155     PENDER    ST      E.
The Hundredth Chance by Ethel
M. Dell.
A Sheaf of Blue Bells by Bareness
Thc Light in the Clearing by Irving aBchelor
The Red Planet by Win. J. Locke
In A Little Town by Rupert
Jerry, by Jack London.
And Many Others
Corner Homer and Hastings
and Opheum Block
Can be seen at
Summer  Attire
Be cool and comfortable in one of our summer suits. No custom tailor could afford the
salaries paid by the manufacturers of these
suits to the expert designers they employ.
Each suit is finished in our own shops.
Snappy two-piece Norfolks in blue serge and
up-to-date color patterns, $15.00 to $30.00.
Pinch-back Suits in blues, browns and fancy
mixtures, $15.00 to $30.00.
Sack Suits for conservative choosers in
many good models, and hundreds of patterns, $15.00 to $40.00.
Hot Weather
and combinations, per
Bathing Suits,  in plain
and fancy colors, 75c to
White Duck Pants, the
old   quality  at   the  old
price of ..' $1.75
Balbriggan Underwear
garment, 35c to .. $2-50
Sport Shirts, in noveltv
styles . .. $1.00 to $2.50
Straw Hats ... $2 to $4
Panama Hats $5 and
Outing Shirts, by Cluett,
Lang and other good
makers at $1.00 to $8.00
Wash Ties, 25c, 35c, 50c
Silk Socks, in. variqus
shades at . . 50c and 65c
William Dick, Ltd.
33 and47-49 Hastings St.


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