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The Standard Nov 18, 1916

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 A_J
4 2 0     II O IH K II     .. I II I���; K T
v�� ������-���'
(. HOli.-l.     K     MURRAY,     K il I < o r
PHONE     SEYMOUR     471)
Vol. V, No. 29���Established 1911
VANCOUVER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATURDAY,   NOVEMBER   18,   1916
Price Five Cents
The Big Fellows and the Nickel Traitors
JjJHILE THE Hon. George E. Foster, Minister of Trade
^^ and Commerce, was telling the people of Vancouver
all about the Paris Conference and plans for controlling
the trade of the Empire within the Empire after the war,
German agents were shipping tons of Canadian nickel to
the Deutschland's dock- at New London, Conn,
f The Hon. Mr. Foster's colleagues and assistants knew
that this nickel was going to the enemy from the mines at
Sudbury.
Our Publicity Man's Strange Scheme
QjR. J. REGINALD DAVISON, Vancouver's publicity
^^ commissioner, last week called together municipal and
government officials and dairymen to discuss the advisability of starting a Municipal Creamery in Vancouver.
"fl The milk supply in British Columbia is not large enough
to meet the demands at present.
"tf The neglect of thc farming industry is responsible for the
neglect of dairying.
tf And the farming industry has been neglected because of
the indolence of a government made up for the most part
of boomers.
tf To start a public-owned dairy would be to start at the
wrong end of the problem, as Mr. Turner, a prominent
dairyman, well pointed out.
tf The wise met and discussed the great issue and adjourned.
tf It would be quite as desirable to start at the present time
a municipal barber shop or a municipal milk shop.
*tf Seems that the office of publicity commissioner in Vancouver is merely kept for the purpose of assisting the dairy
business to the extent of helping to milk the municipal cow
,=   y'',': y.iy '.. '.-i - ������       '.:i, i   ill !y -       ,y: .'     ii
Regarding Girls in Apartment Blocks
Yf AST WEEK an article was published on this page to
"^ the effect that "many of our apartment blocks have
among their tenants unfortunate girls who publicly seek a
shameful livelihood."
tf The Vancouver Apartment House Owners' Association
���President, Mr. J. J. Banfield; vice-president, Mr. W. B.
Hood; second vice-president, Mr. F. T. Schooley; secretary-treasurer, Mr. W. C. Findlay��� have written the
STANDARD asking for any information we may have at
our disposal.
tf Probably if the gentlemen would lurn to the police station, complete and full information on the subject might
be furnished.
The Faith of a Pioneer Mother
iT N VANCOUVER in the early days, when times were
hard and food scarce, a widow, mother of a large family of boys, lived in a cabin near the water front. Many
years ago she passed away but today the boys are rich and
prosperous men, highly respected citizens.
tf The eldest boy was fifteen and the others of the family
rauged clown to a babe in arms.
tf The eldest boy was out of a job, and there was no food
in the family cupboards.
tf So the mother sent two of the boys out to dig clams on
the shore. These she cooked and gave her children, saving the family from what might have been certain famine.
tf The first meal on clams was a joyous banquet in the little
cabin.
tf After it was over, the older boy, who had never before
eaten a clam, examined one of thc clam shells.
tf "Look, mother," said he, with astonishment, "how curiously these little indentations are formed on the edges of
the shell. Like hundreds of little teeth, and when the shell
is closed, these teeth fit in perfectly. Isn't that wonderful!"
tf "Very wonderful," said the pioneer mother. "And the
same Hand which fitted the shell of the clam so beautifully
and vvith such attention to the smallest detail, is ready at
all times to place food in the mouths of the humblest of us
if we only call upon His name���and at the same time do
some digging on our own account."
'   1   lllIIIBlllltyly1 iillillil
Canadian Bullets for our Canadian Boys
frJHAT'S IT:  Canada first!
^ The Tories say that we musl not cal any bacon, sa\.
that produced in Canada and controlled by a Canadian
monopoly.
1j They say that we nitlst not use a binder nr a mower on a
Canadian farm unless it is a Canadian made machine con
trolled by a Canadian ring.
tf It is only logical that the same Tories should say that
when Canadian soldiers die in battle, it musl be from bullet-- made from Canadian materials.
tf Canadian nickel helped to lay low Hart-McHarg, Jack
Hay and the scores of other heroes who went from British
Columbia to fight for a great ideal.
tf Despite the oily words of the government press, the Canadian Government is guilty of the vilest of crimes in allowing the products of the Sudbury Mines to be bought up by
Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse.
tf Hanging would be a fitting punishment for the big" fel-
losw who are making profit from this traffic in the life-
blood of their brothers.
IllilllllllllillilllilllllJJlliSSIiilllllllllii'f'   '   I    rl!l!llll!lll!��!i!l!l��lilliii!lllllli
How Things Advance
A) I IE FIRST farmer settler in Canada who lived on the
^ produce of the soil was Louis Hebert, an apothecary
from Paris, who landed in Quebec in 1617 with his wife
and children, and at once started to clear and cultivate the
soil on what is now the site of the Cathedral of Quebec,
the Seminarv, and part of the Upper Town.
tf With a spade as his only toed he worked and re-worked
the soil until it was ready to receive seed. He threw in
seed from France, planted apple and rose trees, and at last
saw waving in the* breeze thc golden grain, the flowers,
and frui.ts from his motherland.
tf The third centenary of the landing of Louis Hebert will
be commemorated in Quebec in 1917, and a Citizens' Committee has been formed In erect a monument to the first
farmer of the Dominion.   .
tf V hal would Louis Hebert think if Ik* were to arise from
ihe grave and find eggs at 80 cents a dozen; milk. X quarts
for a dollar; butter, 50 cents a pound?
<: He would probably decide lo flee hack to France from
ihe high cost of living in Canada.
*'  I!..- would heat ii hack to ihe drug business in Paris.
1   Yel  Canada is the land of agriculture.    Here we
millions aud millions of acres which might produce
lying sour and undug.
tf Yet food commodities in Vancouver are as high
lhe war /one.
tion of the contract with the British government, to Sweden, for the Germans.
tf But a little British Gunboat overtook the argosy of the:
German-American double-dealers, and the stuff never
reached the Germans.
tf Our Vancouver junkmen who are withholding their me-
t?'* from the market, are conspiring to stop, if possible,
t. . immediate victory of the Allies. They are enemies of
our government.
tf They are in the same class as the men who sell Kaiserv
Bill Canadian nickel.
tf In many cases, of course, the junk dealers are ignorant.
They are looking for money, easy money.
tf In other cases, though loyal to Canada and the British
arms, they have a terrible grudge against Czar Nicholas.
They would not sell the Russian armies a pound of lead.
In their own circles they pray for the survival of German
arms as against the Russians.
tf The junk business in Vancouver should be investigated.
fr=
CHJNOOIC
BREEZES   OF   INDIGNATION
AND   INFORMATION
nave
food,
as ni
tf THE ONLY MAN in Canada thoroughly competent to
fill the shoes of Sir Sam Hughes is our own Colonel Mc-
Spadden.
$       sjc       S*r       -|e        .        #       Jfe      -ft       $        .        :j:
tf SIR SAM IS NOT unlike Napoleon. He believed that
every Tor}* ward politician carried in his gunnysack an
honorary colonelcy.
tf WHEN SAM'S BROTHER, General Jawn Hughes,
was in Vancouver, he was impressed with the smart manner in which a sergeant-major of cadets puts the lads
through their paces.
:|:        :|.        :|.        -f:        :[:        :}.        $ . $        sje       -je
tf "I SHALL RECOMMEND to my.brother that you be
made an honorary colonel," said Gen. jawn, just as brother
Jerome might have said that he would recommend so and
so to the Eagle.
.
:!.        *       *        *        :|. . *
tf FRIENDS OF THE poor sergeant-major had io intervene to save him from honorary colonelcy. A pretty sight
it would have been if the sergeant-major, upon meeting his
reflection in a mirror or store window should, as sergeant-
major, he 'compelled to salute himself as lion. col.
tf THE STEVENS PLAN for improvement of the Harbor include*- subsidiary plans for the improvement of the
pockets nf Stevens' friend--'.
tf IN GREAT I!
In ith sides of a sl
economy is practi
(lovernmenl  oihcial
per in letter writing.
a.   It is only half
ne
heel.
And ihe finest bond paper money can Im
imw u-
No sue
une s'i
n
at thai
Vancouver funkmen Who Aid the German
Junkers
fiKO-LONG as the
^^ tions, there may
\llied armies are able lo secure mum-
'itlle doubt as to the outcome of ihe
ue
war
<T   '1'
.lilllfllllilllllilfi
Sir Oliver MoWat's Vision
YN 1891 it was proposed by Sir Oliver Mowat, Canadian
"^ statesman, that the Government of Great Britain
should take over the control of the nickel mines of Sudbury, which produce ninety per cent, of the world's supply
of nickel. ,
tf Sir.Oliver Mowat's plan was scoffed at twenty-five years
ago.
tf It would no doubt be opposed today by such patriots as
the Hon. Frank Cochrane or the Hon. W. Hearst.
tf Every German submarine carries its little cargo of Canadian nickel to the armies of the Crown Prince.
. .ie great demand today is tor munitions, and the men
who put any straw in Ihe way of the Allied governments
securing materials of war are alligning themselves with the
Emperor of Germany.
tf Even* pound of lead and copper, nickel, zinc and the
many other metals used in the making of guns and shells
are required by the Allies.
tf It is alarming, therefore, that in Vancouver several in-(
stitutions carrying on the business of junk dealers, are deliberately withholding from sale tons of metals which are
urgently needed at the front by the Allied armies.
tf If you see a tremendous pile of sera]) metals in the yard
of a funk dealer at the present time, you.may know that he
is withholding these goods from the market until the need
of the Allies makes it necessary that prices rise.
tf You may know that, ten chances to one, he is waiting for
the day he can send these materials over the line to American junk dealers who in turn are in the pay of the Imperial
German government, and are shipping, whenever the
chance presents itself, consignments of metals to the Imperial German government.
tf You will remember that the British War Office placed
certain orders with a certain smelting concern in the Un-i
ited States, and arranged a contract for their entire output.
fl This same concern sent a ship load of munitions, in viola-
LVTEST REPORTS
Fraser Mill- the four
A X I
' arc t.i
re -til'
runn
*
led il
ner.
*fl THE HON. ROBERT ROGERS seems tu have given
General Hughes considerable opposition in the cabinet.
Look "in for storms. Bob.
fl HON. JOSEPH .MARTIN'S constituency, Cariboo, is
one of those divisions where the voting is usually deferred
for a short period after election day. So if the Liberals win
in the next election, Hon. Joseph will no doubt be automatically elected. Such constituencies usually go with the
government.    But if the Liberals lose���well, Joe should
worr\*.
.    *    .     ,     .    *    *    ���)--    *    *    *.
tf MAJOR BROWN APPEARED before the City Council to complain about an alleged smoke nuisance in Vancouver. I think that our chief trouble is the absence of a
smoke nuisance.
^       *       *       H-*       *      =i*       .        *        .    '   *       *
tf COUNT MAXEY CROWE is bringing out a new cigar
to be known as the BREWSTER. It will be no five cent
smoke, and will contain the best Havana leaf. It will be
pure tobacco and will be a stout liberal perfecto.
Jft 2fC %fi yfi JfC 5JC 5JC 2$* 'S nr V
tf COUNT CROWE, whose Scotch blood, taken from the
clan Macdonald, endows him with a love for Liberalism
and reform, is being mentioned for the bead of tht new. civil
service commission.
-ft**-.***!:-!:-!'** .,
tf THE ONLY OBJECTION to his appointment--is the
fear that preference in the filling, of government appointments might be shown the members and relation! .of .the
cJp-���. " '   .. *,'   :    ���_.,*.       -Ui _,* i
.- ���
h ���."��.      ....       .
-J J
���P
I WO
THE   STANDARD
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER W, 19IU
���EDITORIAL OPINIONS:
DOMINION   TRUST   COMPANY'S
APPEAL
THE decision rendered a few days ago by the Court of
Appeal on the question of thc liability of the Directors
for negligence and misfeasance in the administration
of the Dominion Trust Company is one which is liable to
be, and which, in  fact, has been greatly misunderstood.
The decision does not in any way touch the rights of
depositors, either depositors of money for investment or
of money withdrawable on demand. To such depositors
���ot only was the Cmpany liable, but the individual directors were and still are, liable. The nature of the liability
is determinable in each case according to the conditions or
terms- on which the money was paid to and received by
the.Co m pany.
No office regulations of the Company, no compact between the directors for the delegating to the manager or
any other person of their work or the control of the money
entrusted to the Company, can divest either the directors
or the Company of liability. The absent director is as
liable to a depositor as the most active director present
_i|ay by day in the centre of the Company's operations.
The recent action was one by the liquidator against the
directors, and it only determined how far the Company
could hold its own directors liable for neglects and misfeasances, which the Company itself had, but the depositors emphatically had not, condoned or connived at. If it
had succeeded, then the depositors might not have had to
assert their rights individually and directly. But having
failed, the depositors should know that they have all their
rights still unimpaired against thc Company as well as the
directors.
The business man will understand what we mean by
this illustration. The Company's action, that is the action
by the liquidator who represents the corporate company,
was in the nature of an action by one partner against another partner, for determining the individual liability of
each between themselves, in respect of a wrong done to
some third person by the copartnership or firm. The right
. of the third person against the partnership or firm jointly,
is not impaired or affected even if tlie Court should hold
that one partner was wholly responsible for the wrong
while the other was wholly innocent. And so il is with
the Dominion Trust depositors. Their rights are against
both the Company and the directors; aud when depositors
sue both no question can bc set up of the relative amount
of liability of the Company, as a corporate entity,
and- of its directors as controlling and responsible officers
thereof. These questions of relative liability are all the
recent decision determined. The depositors' rights are
absolute against both, irrespective of who did the wrong;
antl they are indivisible. They are still existent, even if
for a time suspended iu the hope thai thc liquidator's action  would obviate the necessity of enforcing them.
TRUE   CITIZENSHIP
ARIXG of truth and of the spirit of true democracy
rounded.out from the utterance of Rev. Father 0'���-
Boyle when he addressed the Woman's Forum on
Friday last. The speaker addressed the ladies of the Forum as "Citizens of Vancouver." and with an easy and
graceful eloquence, he speedily lifted them Into an arena
where tlie honors of the designation were blended with
the responsibilities. "A citizen," he said, "is in the strict
sense of the term, one wdio does not refuse to lake part
in the government of the cily and who considers indifference a breach of duty."
He declared that "there is not much difference between
those w*ho wash their hands of public affairs and those
who are in politics for revenue only. Both are selfish."
"Rut," he added, "'tis not enough to take part in the government of the city, the ideal citizen should take an intelligent, independent and conscientious part." "This," he
said, "means the enmity of the mean, unscrupulous politician, it involves sacrifices of time and treasure, and must
wait for vindication." Predicating that this was true democracy, he said it was especially true of civic government, and he made thc conviction clear that as the national
life radiates from the city centres, so the purity or degeneracy of a nation or of a government which symbolises
it, is ultimately ascribablc to the city and the ideals which
there have been nurtured, Inculcated, and evolved.
This is surely a heavy responsibility "f citizenship, and
no more acceptable exponent of it could address the citizens of Vancouver than thc Rev. Father O'Boylc. If the
women with their franchise rights will now become active participants in the purification of not merely tlic
private and social life, but also of tlie political life of the
citizens, they will promptly prove the rightfulness of
their long deferred emancipation.
There is nothing of the altruistic idealism iu what Father O'Boyle states as a duty, an obligation, which every
citizen owes to first the municipality, next lo the province,
and next lo lhe nation, and il is a duty and obligation
which should be not only formally, but heroically and enthusiastically undertaken, so that this magnificent dominion may with as little delay as possible reflect iu her governors and from them to the world, the spirit of a true
democratic people���a people who have completely demolished the mercenary and selfish microbe, and who have
exorcised from public life the political manipulator and
mountebank who pursues the trade of peddling platitudes
for posts of patronage.
lantic ports of both Canada and the United States, ought
to l-e accredited with due rationale for their preference of
steel to wood. They are experts in comparison with Vancouver's advocates of wooden vessels. Hut their opinion
is disregarded with a high flourish by such authorities as
Captain Copp and thc NEWS-ADVERTISER.
W'e do not think we are wrong in ascribing to Captain
Copp the credit of persuading the late government of Mr.
Bowser to adopt the idea of wooden ships. But it must
bc remembered that Mr. Bowser and his colleagues were
in a very impressionable stale when the shipping commission was hurriedly appointed, and such men as Mr. Tisdall
were not hard to persuade, seeing that they knew nothing
of the subject which they investigated. Their source of
secondary knowledge was exceedingly poor and sterile,
and one, at least, of the men who tendered to the commission expert knowledge and a strong recommendation for
wood construction, candidly avowed tllat he did not know
"the bow from the stem of a vessel." Probably also, to
him, the keel and the deck were synonymous terms.
The government were confronted with the necessity of
projecting a plan of some kind in order to fill up the gaps
of the "business policy," and as wooden vessels could be
rapidly built, they were preferred to steel vessels, and
hence the notorious scheme for their subsidized construction was put upon  the statute books.
Captain Copp in his recent interview with the NEWS-
ADVERTISER, proves himself at all events to bc proficient in the matter of high freights and on thc question of
how long���how many round trips to Australia, for instance���it would take at the rates now prevailing for a
wooden vessel to repay its own cost of construction. His
estimate is about nineteen months, or three trips. Surely
some investment!
High freights are really the determining cause of the
preference, and the government and the companies who
projected wooden ship construction were intent not on
starting an industry here of permanent value to the province, but on getting into the "high-freight-earning-com-
petition." They achieved this hy nreans of improvised
ships built of wood and largely at the public expense���
with money taken from the provincial treasury.
Wooden shipbuilding even in Nova Scotia, where it had
become almost a lost art, has been revived in various
places, and it might have been established here as a new
species of industry without protest from any one, if tlie
government had not become ils foster parent. ��
Thc wooden ships now being built are not for general
freight carrying purposes, but for lumber exportation
solely, and tlie lumbermen, if they wanted to help themselves and their own industry, ought to have formed a
shipping company to own and operate ships such as tlic
public money is now building f u- them. They had no
right to the governmeni
subsidy accorded to ship
terest.
Captain Copp says the
from  British  Columbia,
cpal.    "Coal to  Xewcas;
which is the more idiotii ?
If there should bc, by any chance, returi
will not come to British Columbia. This
consequently, benefit as a shipping centre
ing cargoes of wooden ship, nor will Vai
vanced as a distributing centre. In i-\<;ry
oi building wooden ships by provincial ai
of a "Mercantile Marine." is grotesque and
abandoned by the new government wilh as
possible after formal accession lo power.
Steel ships are tlic only species of vessel
pete in the world's freight centres. It is
can secure retrn cargoes for our ports, audi it is only
companies building, and operating such ships thai should
receive whatever encouragement aud facility the government or the city has to bestow,
We apologise to Captain Copp, the NF.WS-ADVF.R-
'1ISHR, and the lumber exporters, for this well-founded
rejection of their pet project. Pro bono publico in tliis,
as in all things, for the STANDARD.
i, and
the government
fre
ght
nilt iu
their own excll
MV.
in ���
t'ooden
ships will carr-
tun
ber
.  their
or co
return  cargo. .->
it to  llritish  C
wit
Tin
1 '(.
herty. lo investigate what the government thoroughly well
knows, aud the committee in turn have passed the shallow
subterfuge on to the cities and municipalities.
What mockery and pretence this manoetivering is!
The government is in the thrall of the rking food-monopolizers." It has fortified their strongholds all round
with tariff walls. They are ensronsed in the heart of the
Capital, and they defy the people and dictate their mandates to tlieir minions���the Borden government. And yet
the Borden government with the deceptive grouch of attention to the people's impetuous call for prompt redress,
say, "Oh, we are investigating the matter. The municipalities will report. Then we will act. Till then bottle
up your wrath for really the country is prosperous beyond all our dreams. The exports last year were double
those of thc year before."
The policy of the Borden government is surely patriotic���to rob the poor man at home and to vend the products of Canadian soil to the allies at exorbitant���no, at
extortionate���prices, which prices are quoted as patriotic
prices because they are the current prices in Canada, the
same on the prairies as in the heart of Gteat Britain.
True Imperialism, but the prices are extortionate all the
same to the consumers of both countries. But what can
poor Borden do with such an autocrat king as the monster
monopolist ring? What can the people do? That is another question. Sweep both from their despotic and servile sway, and emancipate yourselves. That is the people's answer and only remedy!
When Laurier is challenged as to his acquiescence in a
further extension of the parliament without an election
he must, if true to his trust, true to the people, sternly
refuse, and thus force Borden to face the people whom
blatantly and- designedly he has duped���duped and dodged
in the name of patriotism.
w���
BOWSER'S   DYING   FLIRT   WITH
.     PATRONAGE
HETHER Mr. Brewster will bc true to his policy
or the exclusion of party patronage from his administration remains to be seen. But Mr. Bowser
never disavowed, nay, he fondly cherished, the impious
system, and for the past few months or weeks since he
knew that his dominant rule was ended, he has been assiduously going through thc rolls of his faithful adherents, and appointing them to positions of all kinds. If in
some cases he has deferred his patronage for lohg, he is
now bestowing it generously, and men are being appointed to positions which long they have coveted, but for
which they arc totally unfit, and while Mr. Bowser evidently thought them unfit for his own administration,
he thinks it fit to appoint them now in his last expiring
hours, as a heritage for the new goverment.
surrection of a proposal placed before them some eight
years ago, and the manufacturers- association should do
all in their power to aid and encourage it now. instead
of turning it down as whimsical and wholly illttsionary.
Our potentials for linen production have never been
proved as have pur potentials for iron and "Steel, and yet
for iron and steel manufacture not a step has been taken
by the association whose primary duty should be to initiate, to formulate proposals, to state our capacities, to
enlist capital and enterprise, antl not to be eternally revelling and sending broadcast second-hand statistics of
trade shipping and railway returns. This is not even
manufacturing; it is petty plagiarism.
The High Cost of Living
ni;1.
II
li these appointments are i
Ir. Brci'ster lhal should be
ad lived up lo lhe constittiti
nee io lhe clear voice of the |
ember last. But tliere is no ur
neiils  except  the  fact  that   Mi
vitl'
it mull
v lo his
irn
lit-
ibsolutely necessary, il is
cine them if Mr. Bowser
u   and   had   submitted  at
"i le "ll  the  14th of Sco
cr. need for the appoint-
I  nvser  must  clear out
v.. a few days.   His geh-
faithful henchmen i-^ unbounded, for he anus
clockwork machine still in close
little
at can com-
ly they lhat
REDUCE   THE   COST   OF   LIVING
THE reduction of the cost of living is the cardinal
question of the hour. How is it to bc accomplished?
is a subsidiary question, and the only answer to it is
to turn out thc'Bordcn government. They have the power
in their hands of controlling and curbing the monopolistic
trusts and combines but they have refrained from using
it and have stood aside apathetically while the price of the
common food necessities rose higher and higher.
There is not any real deartli of commodities, but there
is, and has been, an artificial dearth deliberately created
by  the  capitalistic   fraternities     of  rings,   and   combines,
stor-
t Ik-
wooden SHIPS
THE agitation for the construction of wooden ships in
preference to ships of steel has not abated, in spite
of the Norwegian proposals to build steel vessels, not
only here, but in Victoria, and possibly at Prince Rupert.
The radical difference between the two forms of construction lies in this, that steel vessels are built for and
in anticipation of the future, whereas wooden vessels are
a temporizing expedient for a very transitory emergency.
Norway,   next   to   Britain,   has   the   leading  mercantile
marine in the world, and her shipowners who are building
steel vessels, not only in British Columbia, but at various
ports to thc south along the Pacific, as well *s in the At-
ORDER NOW Your
PRIVATE  GREETING CARDS
G. S. FORSYTH & CO.
Cor. Homer and Hastings Streets
which aggregate and accumulate food necessities in
ages of various kinds���cold storages, grain elevators.
By Ihis system  they deplete the market and control
prices all in iheir own interest.
This system was in operation before the war, but
war added a new phillipic to ils power and prices were
swelled in Canada not relatively to the people's needs,
but-relatively to the direful exigencies of the food-importing belligerents in the battlefields of Europe, This
procedure is simply diabolic, and lhe government which
saw the operation did nothing except get out commissions
to investigate, receive the reports of these commissions,
and then callously file them, or stow them away in tlie
archives while famine prices raged and thousands of people hung between life and death on paltry pittances of
provender, fit only for the garbage can.
This condition confronts us again at the beginning of
the winter, and while work is no better, wages are lower,
and prices arc higher than ever they were in Canada or in
any country, not actually overrun by the mercenary In.riles
of pestilent war.
Canada today is overrun by marauders tolerated by the
government and actually aided and abetted in their infernal work by the government.
Of the two, the government which in this country is
said to bc "of the people and for the people," is thc more
culpable. Its culpability is not merely that of inaction
'vi* of actual participation in a public crime. For a crime-
it is to starve the people while billions worth of home
products necessary for life are allowed to lie expectant
upon still higher and higher prices, in thc ruthless grasp
of thc cold-storage aud other magnates of the monopoly
rings.
Sweep them to perdition, and if need be, take by force
all their hoards of food and djstributc them freely among
all who need them.
This is a direful remedy, but it is one that will be exerted if a heartless, an unconscionable and a perfidious
government drive the people only a little way further to
i the cataclysm which lies between desperation and despair.
For a time the government have diverted the onward
rush of the aggrived people by appointing a cabinet committee, consisting of Messrs.  Rogers, Crothers and Do-
Tht
the pi
touch
lisi
st t
Ma
them and
tl work hit
of the ai
-ar..
tin
tin
ointments ill
is formidable
'ancouver- -tii
permanent p1
bv  II
jli'
r within
but one in particular
appointment of MY.
ition of crown prose-
Mr. Maitland has been "acting"
prOsccutor ever since Mr. Kennedy went to the front, .and
Mr. Bowser thought this temporary or subordinate status
good enough for Mr. Maitland until he probably wns
awakened up by a reminder that the Maitland fraternity
had served him long and faithfully���almost servilely��� and
now was his last chance of requiting them. He responded,
and if the new government.interfered with the appoint?
menl a storm of indignation would rise from the corner
of Seymour and Pender Streets, within whose intricacies
of manipulating machinery the Maitland*! tower supreme,
as the devoted hero-worshippers of the Honorable W. J.
Bowser. So blind is the devotion that the' Maitland-patcr
has before now declared in public that Britain never produced a statesman to compare with British Columbia's
Bowser. Whether he believed this or not is another matter. But the adhesion to the idol has brought its reward
in Bowser's patronage of Maitland-filius.
He may be a great jurist in embryo, for all we know;
for oaks spring from acorns. But tlie appointment is
nothing but a mean and blatant piece of political jobbery
which should have revolted and not attracted Mr. R. L.
Maitland. The future of this, like many other things, has
lo unfold itself.
T
SPINNING   MILLS   FOR   B.C.
ilyWS ADVERTISER does nothing by halves,
in yielding stoic support to a discredited and
routed party. Nor does it qualify the startling announcement in its issue of Sunday last that thc largest
spinners of linen thread in the world arc about to transfer
en masse iheir entire plant and machinery from Belfast to
British Columbia.
This is too fanciful for reality.
Flax has not been cultivated to any appreciable extent
iii western Canada, and in ibis province it is almost unknown. Bin it may be that thc soil in various localities
would be suitable though it is a well-known fact that no
crop is more exhausting than the flax fibre. Experimentation should at any rate be made by tlie agricultural department, and if success is proved, then flax spinning as
an industry would bc a natural and easy corollary.
Barbour & Sons of Belfast might then favor British
Columbia vvith a' branch of their grcat spinning concern.
and if they did, the action would be quickly followed not
only by weaving factories, such as have made Ulster prosperous and famous all over the y.orld, but by multitudes
of minor industries for converting lhe linen into fabrics
of all kinds. v
This presents another outlook to the propaganda of the
STANDARD for industrial development. Whether wc
have the potentials or not for linen production remains to
be seen. But it is absolutely certain that n Company of the
long-standing and of the astuteness of Barbour & Sons
of Belfast are not, simply out of irritation arising from
the impinging of a temporary war-tax,.going to transfer
themselves in a mass, work people and all, to British Columbia. Trade economics would suggest that they would
rather meet the tax by an increased price to the consumer,
and wc can't forget that the cost of production here, owing
to the higher standard of wages, would far exceed the
cost of production in Ireland
There are other coutervailing considerations and arguments for flax spinning and linen production here, however, for the Oriental, the Canadian, the American, and
the Australian markets, and if Barbour & Sons are now
considering the project of a branch here, it is but the re-
By H. F. GADSBY
OTTAWA, November 9th.���As time passes it becomes
more and more evident that the High Coct of Living is largely the High Cost of Lethargy on the part
of those  in authority.    The  Borden  Government  has, -or
should have, at this moment, three reports on thc  High
Cost of Living, but acts on none of them.
One very exhaustive report in two large volumes drawn
up by Mr. Coates, the Dominion Statistician, before the
war changed the face of affairs, was printed in blue book
form a year after the war started. Thc Economic Commission, of which Mr. J. \V. Flavelle, captain of the great
meat packing industry of Canada, and chairman of the
Imperial Munitions Board, is a leading member, was started out on a similar quest about a year ago, but so far nothing has been heard from it. Silence gives consent, as it
were. The third report collected by thc late Dr. C. C.
James, Professor Maclean and Mr. R. W. Coates, three
of the most expert investigators in Canada, must be in
hand now, but it has not seen the light.
Granted that the Economic Commission has not lifted
up its voice and doesn't intend to, so long as Mr. Flavelle
is in its midst, the Government still possesses two reports
on the High Cost of Living which must supply the requisite data for a comparison of before-the-war and since-
the-war prices. In a word', the Government has plenty
of information to go ahead on and the only thing that
lacks now is the willingness to legislate against the forestalled and food monopolizers who are the Government's
chief friends.
The Borden Government cannot plead that it has no
Ijovver to regulate prices without the ratification of Parliament, because it took this plenary power at the beginning of the war with the full consent of Parliament and
people. There is reason to believe that the Government
assumed this power, nol to regulate its friends, tlie food
monopolizers, but to head off' further attempts nil llie
part of Parliament to get at the offenders. As long as
the Government has the power to put a stop to the evil
ami fails to do so, the food usurers are quite safe, because nobody else has the power to touch them.
Sooner than make use of the powers of high, low and
middle justice which reside in it, sooner than make ils
forestalling friends behave, tlic Government, ignoring
the mass of information already in ils possession, appoints
a cabinet committee, consisting of .Messrs. Rogers. Crothers and Doherty, to conduct another dilatory and indifferent investigation into the high cost of living, whici
it confidently hopes will outlast its tenure i f existence,
if not the period of the war. The Cabinet trio may be relied on to jolly the thing along until the final catastrophe.
After us the deluge-���such is the motto of the Bopicn
Government. It realizes that its days arc numbered.
Wherefore it intends t" have a good time and moreover
to allow the Iligh-Cost-of-I.iv ing kings who put it where
it is to have a ^mod time too. So far as the High Cost of
Living kings are concerned, their idea of a good time is
to bleed the people white; When the Borden Government goes out of office it will bc found that a comparatively small group of human hogs have got all the money
in  lhe country.
That the Government aims to do nothing in the matter
except to mark time is shown by its answer to tlie High '
Cost of Living deputations which visit it ever antl anon.
Hope springs eternal in thc human heart. s These poor
fellows come, perhaps, once a month lo" Ottawa with the
idea tliat the Government will do something and all thc
Government does is to hand out another gob of soft soap.
Of course, this game can't go on forever. The deputations get wise and even good Tories begin to show anger
at the bunk this Government of confidence men tries to put
across.
In short, the public is in a rage and to abate tllat rage
the Government has studied a new turn. Its latest trick
is to pass the buck. Passing the buck is now one of the
best things the Borden Government does. Passing the
buck is an old trick of side-steppng statesmen���it simply
means shifting lhe responsibility. Give it to him. says the
Borden Government, when a deputation approaches asking for a lower price on bread, olily io lu- quoted a higher
price on scorpion-,.
This   is   what   happened   to   a   Toronto   deputation   the
other day. Ii came to Ottawa asking for action���some
thing lo bring meal and bacon and eggs and 1 utter and a
hundred other things to reason���the lasi thing, of course,
ihe Government wanted to do. So the Governmeni passed
lhe buck. Bob Rogers pulled his most winning smile,
also Mr. Crothers. also that double-salaried patriot, Jul;ye
Doherty���in faet they all smiled and showed tlieir teeth, '
which are in excellent condition, to make short work of the
High Cost of Living, but they refused to get busy. "What
can wc do?" they asked. "Let the municipality have a
little investiation of its own. Nail the offender. Bring
his name here and then we'll see."
Of course this is begging the question. The Borden
Government has conducted all the investigations tliat are
necessary. It has all the information it needs and all the
power to act that can lie conferred by thc laws of Canada. Moreover, it has the names of the chief offenders
and, indeed, has some of thc chief offenders right there
on the spot in Ottawa who are supposed to save the country in an exalted capacity, but who are really there to keep
an eye on their own interests. There is no telling What a
panic-stricken Government might do if that eagle eye
were removed.
A Government which is owned body and soul by the
food monopolizers cannot complain that it doesn't' know
anything about thc business methods of the men who put
it where it is. Ever since 1911 the Borden Government
has taken orders from its masters and thc results are
plain to bc seen. In two jumps the tariff has gone up forty
per cent., and the British preference has practically disappeared. The country is deli ered, gagged and bound,
to the food monopolizers to do with it what they will.
What they will, now that the tari'f can hardly be put up-
another notch, is to increase prices and squeeze the consumer out of his last penny. r'ri;es are so high right now
(Continued oil page 7) of tin- :;urs-
taff in Prince R
now  in    barge i divi ion   of  the
l-ital nt  Ramsgate  hos-
��� iul    ! ��� glaMd lis    Humble   lias
[rai jferred from the  French  to
tlir Canadian hospital.
��� t tt tt
Dr. Everard Fletcher has returned
to Vancouver, after a brief visit to
Ottawa Mrs. Fletcher, who is tbe
her sisters, thc Misses Si >tt.
.Oil remain there until Ixr son, Lieut
Vdrian Fletchc r, goes overseas,
Dr. R, E. McKechnie lias returned
from a trip to Philadelphia, where he
attended the clinical congress of surgeons and the board o( regents of the
American College of Surgeons. Dr.
McKechnie is a member of the congress and one of the regents of the
College of Surgeons.
...
-Mr. and Mrs. Marl< Wright announce the engagement of their
daughter, Ruth Elizabeth, to Mr. Percy E. Poole of this city. The marriage will take place in December.
* * *
Mrs. E. C. Frith of Xanaimo is visiting friends iu Vancouver.
* * ft
Mr. and Mrs. R. II. C. Green leave
to winter in Los Angeles.
. * *
Miss Beatrice Alia of Kamloops,
B. C, is a guest at Glencoe Lodge.
.  . *
Mr. F. W. Pratt is home after a
trip to Victoria.
* .    +
Mrs. Ryan will leave this week, accompanied by tier daughter. Miss
Katlicrine Ryan, to spend the winter
in England.
Dr, Jordan, who has for the past
eight months been iu various hospitals and sanitariums, returned to the
city to resume his'veterinary practice.
* * *
The following announcement is
taken from the Toronto Globe of October 31: The wedding of Mollic, second daughter of thc Right Rev, ly. J.
Bidwell Bishop of Kingston, to Capt.
Jack Meredith of the Canadian Scottish, and Englishman, who joined the
forces in Vancouver, will take place
in November, possibly in St. Margaret's, London. Dean Starr will officiate.
.   * *
Mr. and Mrs. T. W. F. Norton have
taken up their residence at Glencoe
Lodge.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. John Poff have moved from Angus avenue to Cypress
street.
* * *
R. T. Lowery, editor and financier
of the Greenwood Ledge, as bc expresses it himself, and a picturesque
figure in the journalistic life of the
province, is shortly leaving that city
to spend tlie winter in southern Cali-
fornia   for   lhe  benefit   of  bis  health,
which  has  been   none  too  g I   for
sonic time past.
* * ��
Miss Mary Rutherford, a member
01 tlie Women's Volunteer Reserve,
has left for the east on her way to
England, where she expects to engage
In war work,
* tt ft
The Right Rev. Bishop Rollins and
Mrs. Robins arc spending a couple of
weeks in the city before returning to
tlieir home. They arc staying at
Craiglocbart.
* * *
Miss Agnes Herd, who for tlic past
year has been teaching in tbe Cobble
Ilill school, near Victoria, bas accepted a position on the staff of the Lord
Roberts school in tbis city.
tt ft *
Mrs. J. C, Kemp lias just received
word from her son, Sergt. Harold L.
Kemp, who is still very ill in Xo. 25
General hospital, France. He was
buried iu a trench during one of the
recent advances made by tlie Canadians, and is Ttill suffering from the
experience through which he has
passed.
KNITTED UNDERWEAR FOR WOMEN
AT PRICES THAT MEAN MONEY SAVED
���the lie^t news nf this page for women who care
to practice economy. Everybody knows wools
arc increasing in value, and soft wools getting
scarcer���we offer tliis underwear of quality (in
some instances I for less than it can be purchased
at the mill today,    For instance:
VESTS IN EXTRA HEAVY FLEECE, neatly
finished at high neck and button front, with
shell  -titi'li  and   has  long sleeves,  very  warm
ami serviceable   68c
Drawers to match in ankle length ...."....68c
VESTS IN GOOD QUALITY WOOL���mixed
���made with V neck and long or short sleeves,
also high neck and long sleeve. Good
Values    $1-25
VESTS OF PURE WOOL, in medium or heavj
weight.     Made   with   Dutch   neck     and   short
sk-cves, or high  neck and long sleeve.-... .$1.95
WOMAN'S COMBINATIONS made of nice
quality light fleece finished cotton with high
neck, long sleeves and aiikle length, also short
ami     I.net
length.
COMBINATIONS OF EXTRA HEAVY FLEECE
lined wool finish. Made wilh long or short sleeve
and   ankle   length     $1.48
COMBINATIONS OF WOOL, made with low
square neck, short  slews and knee length. .$2.25
al
Styles     very
 98c
COMBINATIONS OF HEAVY WEIGHT PURE
WOOL, made in high neck, long sleeves and ankle
length styles, also Dutch neck, elbow sleeve and
knee   length.    All  sizes     $2.95
BIG LINE OF
MEN'S UNDERWEAR
AT " UNDER-PRICES"
���immense stocks of imported   lines    to   choose   from���
many of ihem at pre-war
prices, and all lines much
under present value. 11 you
have an underwear need fill
your   requirements   here,  and
incidentally get the very
besi underwear value procurable. A few price descriptions   follow:
MEN'S FLEECE - LINED
UNDERWEAR���obi quality at the old price; heavy,
natural color, fleece-lined
���no irritation; comfortable and durable; shirts or
ankle length drawers; all
sizes; garment   50c
MENS MERINO UNDERWEAR, Penman  manufacture���shirts,  drawers  or  combinations;  natural
merino  and  nice   weight;   exceptional   value;   all /
'sizes;  per  garment,  65c;  combinations $1.25.'
MEN'S HEAVY WOOL UNDERWEAR, Stan-
ficld's unshrinkable quality, made of X'ova Scotia
wool, ribbed, good fitting. The best for coldest
weather; shirts and ankle length drawers.        .-'
Red  Label,  per  garment $1.75
Blue  Label,' per  garment    $2.00
MEN'S COTTON RIBBED UNDERWEAli in
a cream ribbed cotton. Winter weight; shirts,
drawers and combinations; soft finish    and    very
comfortable;  all  sizes.    Per garment    75c
COMBINATH INS for'  $1.50
Men's and Boys'
SWEATER COATS
Underpriced
���because we bought them a
long time ago for thi- seas
ou's selling, we paid li
them and are aide to sell
them for much less than
present da> prices. Values
that cannot be duplicated,
Every coal well finished and
made from the best quality
yams.
Choice of cardigan knit.
jumbo and shaker knit in
greys, pearl and oxford;
maroon, cardinal, navy, fawn
\lu\ brown.
All sizes at these prices:
"MEN'S     $2.00, $2.50, $3.00, $3.50 to $12.50
BOYS'   $1.50, $2.00, $2.50 to $5.00
Boys' Jerseys
���the best English makes���direct to us from the
manufacturer; splendid qualities at special pricing.
Choose from cashmere antl worsteds���with button
shoulder and square neck with colored tape finish.
Choice of saxe, white, navy, brown, maroon, myrtle
and cardinal.   Prices  69c to $2.50
ud$onsBay(bopini
WtfffiyJ '.,;
w&%&
!'___i��_M_B____JS__
9 %&--*��"<* *
lv'___
PfMl
$fw*%
&&
*��**: '*-%
1 wswjfo
K fifes
|-?W,;11|
L��_">'��&
H!___. ft      i
life-*-
t
nd rl * *__f'x_____i
3*5^5
S
w!fc*$
'. W���
WM
% i_K.'��f __S
w
mW'w''t^*$:.'Fm fln
'(;. V'  ' A
*&i^it"-��w;
Bm
Ba
WITH   TH13   V.MF.S   IN   SIACRDONIA
rtctnre   fttiow*   ��   French   Sengaleve
plodding  (ilons   -��  Auutf  rottd  with hln
equipment1 on hi* heart. Jungle fashion.
(Dally  Mirror War Service.)
Mrs. I!. K. DuU'her, who lias been
spending the past two months in Montreal, St. John and Boston, lias returned In town.
* *   *
Mr. and Mrs. Melville Jewel are the
guests of Aid. and Mrs. Johnstone of
Kamloops
* * *
Mrs. VV. II. Lembke. who has been
visiting in Armstrong, has returned
to   Kerrisdale.
* *   +
Mr. R, J. I.owrie. of Point Grey.
has   left  to  take  up  his  residence  at
Ladysmith, B. C.
* * *
Mr.  and   Mrs.   ().  C.   Kutlcdge  and
their daughter have left ou a \isit to
I,os Angeles and San  Diego.
tt * *
Mr, and Mrs. J. M. V Brown have
arrived from the east, and expect  to
spend  the  winter at  the coast,
* * *
Mrs. P. X. Smith has returned to
the coast after spending several
weeks in northern   British  Columbia.
.. .. *
Every week sees more added to the
number of Vancouver people who are
leaving   on   their   way   to     England,
many  of them   to  be  near  relatives
who arc at the front.    Mr. and Mrs.
\. hikes, the Misses Jukes, Miss Pop
! py   Macdonald  and    Mrs.    Knap] ei
| sailed by the Baltic on Tliursdaj la il
instead of the Carpathian, as
ally   intended,     Mrs.  J.   Woi Is   ai
! Miss  Babs Macpherson alsi   expi   ti
to sail on thi Carpathian.
j      Miss  Katie Snyder of Regina. who
I has been :>  frequent  visitor  to  Van-
ii:wr lately  sailed  on  Thursday on
c Baltic i ir England
M rs
their    litth
from   Ebc
and   expee
this  city.
Gifford, K
Mr.  antl
snticton
\. I'.. Respeler and
iter ha\ c an i. -:
ianch,  Summerlantt,
 I   tin     -. inter   in
arc    laying  at    tin-
Mr
I:
up ri
I in tllis eit.   for thc winter.
LIMITED i
Store opens at 8.30 a.m. and closes at 6 p.m.
Women's & Children's Knit Underwear'"��� 'n
in Complete Assortments
SPLENDID VALUES
.
WOMEN S UNDERWEAR
Fleeced Cotton Vests and
Drawer-, with high or Dutch
neck, elbow or long sleeves,
ankle length. Special. 35c
a garment.
Cotton Vests in a fine wool
finish quality, in high neck
aud long sleeve style, ankle
or knee length. 50c garment.
Cream Colored Cotton and
Wool Vests and Drawers in
similar styles to the above at
75ci garment.
Fine Spring-needle Wool Mixed
Vests and Drawers, with
high or Dutch neck, long or
elbow sleeves, in knee or ankle length style, priced, according to size. $1.25,
$1.35, ami $1.50 a garment.
Mercerized Swiss Rib Vests, in
a medium weigm Quality
high neck and long sleeve
style. $1.25 garment.
Medium Weight Wool Union
Vests and Drawers. Dutch or
high neck, elbow or long
sleeve styles; all sizes;
$2.00 garment.
Fleeced Cotton Union Suits,
Dutch or high neck, elbow or
long sleeves, ankle length,
$1.25   suit.
Corset Covers in wool mixed
qualities, high neck and long
sleeve styles. Prices 75c
and  $1.25.
CHILDREN'S UNDERWEAR
Cotton Vests and Drawers,
long sleeve, button front, ankle length, 50C a garment.
All sizes.
Fine Fleeced Cotton Vests and
Drawers. Dutch or high neck.
elbow ur long sleeves, ankle
or knee length. Two-year
size, 75<i; rise 5c a  size.
Wool Mixed Vests and Drawer-, high neck and long
sleeves, knee length. Two-
year size $1.00; rise 5c a
size.
Mercerized Swiss Rib Vests,
long sleeve style, all sizes,
$1.00 up to 6 years.
Penman's Fine Cashmere Finish All Wool Vests and
Drawers, long sleeves and
ankle length. $1.25 all
sizes.
Fleeced Cotton Union Suits,
high neck and long sleeved
style, ankle length, with drop
seat. Two-year size 75t-
rise 5c a size.
Won] Mixed Union Suits, ankle length, with long sleeves,
ranging $��.25 to $1���50
suit.
Mercerized Swiss Rib Union
Suits, long sleeves and ankle length, sizes to 6 years.
$2.00 suit.
All Wool Union Suits, in a
thoroughly shrunk quality.
Two-year size $2.25: rising
15c   for   every   second   size.
���
i
WHERE   m:.is  CAN   III'   lilt)  ro :  T..lti--t:ri-\. ���     U'IP-.M.
Two thouMinit in..-iK .i iln.   ...     Iii-lna   .<-r\,-rt In ������  lltti,   unpretentious
���hop off liiiH-l.frl.-M--,-  n...-,,i.  l,.in,!���ii. Hnjclnml     ll.nnlrc.1.. ,,.   . .-,   norkera
nn- here dail,.   fi-il  ultli  *<iiu 1-   :o,.i   v liol   -.huh- meal   pl.-v
Mirror *
Mrs. Fred Ryan and Miss Rj . n, I \
Shaughnessy Heights, expect to sailll.
Ifrotn the ea��i on November 26 for ir
WANTED - PUBLIC SCHOOL Enghnd, where they v,i,l remai��� for t,
graduates or high school students to some ,imc ;��� ���,.,,.., f(_ |ie m,a|. M(._. K
take shorthand or business courses' g
and pay for same from salary earned
after graduation. Only a limited
number accepted on this plan. Apply
at once in own handwriting to
Success Eusiness College, Vancouver, B. C.
VV.   I..  Craig,  of  lllfv
Mr. Wesl  will | reach
laptist  church  of  Vic-
ty In ih  in  the    morn-
<van s sou
ie ne
ctive
Capt.   Julia   Henshaw     sailed   last
Rev.   H.   II.  West  and   Mrs.  West    vveek from Montreal for England and
of this city, are spending a iew  days   France.    She will be away for about
in Victoria'    While at the capital  Mr. | two   months  and   on   her   return   will
land  Mrs.  West vvill be the  guests oi   leave for California on a lecture tour.
COR STOVES
F RANGES, or
FURNACES
Visit the
PACIFIC STOVE &
FURNACE CO.
856 GRANVILLE ST,
(Between Robson and Smythe)
**r moving -m
lob
All
sid
inj
W
V.
it's our business���MOVIX._-.iml we know how to do it well.
���rly 20 years���moving household  furniture���is a long experience,
pass this experience on to you if you employ us to do your moving
A wc Kive you the benefit of our big "CAB VASTS"���solid wooden-
cd structures, heavily padded for safe-guarding vour furniture from
ury
��� pack, we move, we ship, nnd we store furniture.
1 can give you a lot of information over the phone���Seymour T.iiO���
if it Is Inconvenient to _h11 on ns.
������wi-:   KNOW   HOW."
CAMPBELL'S
Security Fireproof  Storage and   Moving  Company-   l.iniltril
THE I'.MII _II._1.I. STOrtAGE COMPANY LIMITED
.FIREPHOOF WAREHOUSE!    7S�� BEATTY  ST. Phone Sry.  7380
ik
11 Foi- PRINTING ��� THE STANDARD ��� Sey. 470 fl FOUR
THE  STANDARD
SATURDAY. NOVEMBER 18. 1<>16
"Why are meats and eggs so ex-
^
^.Possibly," he replied the man who
nks it's his duty to answer every
question, "because they're among the
!^"w articles of food that can't be imitated in a factory."
What     has     happened:
���ne
You   have   been   seriously
in    a   trolley  accident,   but
���you will recover.
"Victim: How much?
Wifie: John, I met a woman today
I hadn't seen for years.
John: Did she know you?
Wifie: Yes, she recognized ine by
this old hat. Then the silence became
oppressive.
���fYou a'djmit |you overheard thc
quarrel between the defendant and
his wife?"
"Yis, sor, I do," stoutly maintained
the witness.
"Tell the court if you can what
he seemed to be doing." ,
"He seemed to be doin' the listening."
it tt tt
Willis���You think these summer
military camps tend to make a man a
braver fighter?
Gillis���Yfcs. After I returned from
the first one I got married, after I
got back this year I had a row with
my mother-in-law, and after my return next year I'm going to fire thc
Easterner (after first day's work on
a big Western ranch) ��� Will you
please show me where I can slecp
tonight?
Rancher ��� Where you can sleep?
Great Scott, man, here's 10,000 acres; jest pick out any blame spot
that suits you, and go to it.
* * *
"How's the grub here " a new
boarder asked genially, rubbing his
hands, at the dinner-table of a boarding-house.
"Well, sir, we have chicken every
morning for breakfast,'' an old boarder grunted.
"Chicken every morning?" The
new boarder positively beamed.
"Chicken every morning? And how's
it served?"
"In   the  :shellf"   grunted   the   old
boarder.
.   . *
It would have been a happier world
With less of worry, week by week,
If we had all been taught to think
Before they taught us how to speak.
...
"Is your wife interested in everything you write?" v
"Xo.   Only the cheques."
* * *
"I won't let anybody but '.he boss
find fault with me."
"I see. A believer in higher criticism, eh?"
* . *
���"I'm a little worried about Mabel."
"What's the trouble?   Wouldn't her
father consent to your marrying?"
'"!:;.,.%���"= j.isc n. ne consented and
'seemed so glad about il."
l-'rici
HOW DO YOU
BUY BREAD?
Do 3'Ou ask for, and get, just a "loaf of bread," or do
you, like the wise, discriminating buyers, order
SMAX and
SUNLIGHT
"THE   BETTER   BREADS"
These are wholesome, nutritious���made in a modern,
sanitary bakery���in every detail as good bread as
conscientious effort can make them.
Every loaf crisp, tender, delicious���done to a turn.
If your grocer cannot supply you, phone Fairmont
443 and we'll get it to you prompt,
HAMPTON-PINCHIN
Bakers of Better Bread
THE VISION OF THE BUND
!.' ��� -:   !'.'';'V.  :     '     -  ���:
"Thousands at his bidding speed,
And post o'er land and ocean without rest;
They also serve who only stand and wait."
Was the spirit of prophecy upon John Milton,
when, more than two hundred and fifty years
ago, he dictated those words to his daughter?
"They also serve who only stand and wait."
The Telephone is your servant, even while it
"only stands and waits."   The whole system is
always prepared and ready for your instant command.
Every wire and switchboard and telephone
instrument is kept alive and responsive by an
army of telephone workers.
B.C. TELEPHONE CO. LTD.
������
iriD"
m.
Sandy congratulates Canady on gettin' rid o'  Sham
Hurro! That wis my exclaniashun.
freens, on Tuesday moniin' last, when
readin' in Ihe paper that Sir Sham
Shoes had at last been Ignominoujly
"fired." The same paper announced
anither big advance on the Soinme
front,' an' while I wudnie like tae
unnerestimate the feat performed by
the "boys" in France, tae tell yae the
Lor's truth, honestly I felt keener
satisfaction owre the "resignation"
flood cheers) o' that son o' a gun
Hughes than tlie- news that we had
the Huns on the run again.
were laid an' evidence wis brocht for-
rit tae prove that a gigantic conspiracy had existed tae defraud the nation o' millyins on millyins o' dollars.
In fact, yin bogus company had divided up a millyin an' a half profit���
afore they ever manufactured a shell,
an' if my min' serves me richt, they
never did manufacture a shell���but
they made the people o' Canady shell
oot a'richt.
* * *
The   company     wis    composed  o'
three  or  fowcr  men,  an'  yin  o'   the
Am thc farmerf.' union In Scol-
limil Ih trying to rulne the price
of milk lo In. llil. ti gnllon.
ninny fnnillleH luive Hlnrtetl gout
fiirniK to cnMurc n Hupply for the
winter. The picture*! Nhow (1)
A diminutive mllkmulil and her
herd of K'u-itM Vi) A tiny milkmaid with her pull mid nlool nil
ready  to  milk  her  xontn.
(Daily .Mirror War Service.)
Frcens, if there can be sic a thing
as a happy episode in connection wi'
this war, sharely the news that His
Majesty Lieutenant - General (lood
lauchter) Sir Sam Hughes has at last
got what wis comin' tae him ��� it
sure wis somethin' tae enthuse owre.
.   .  #
There's nae true doobts aboot it
but tliat the system o'.machine poli-
tiks sae rife in Canady is maistly responsible for imposin' on a nation sic
a tragedy as tae hae a bounder o'
that kin' at the heid o' thc war de]
pairtment. It's no like as if he had
suddenly "developed" either, for maist
folk can remember Sam Hughes long
afore the war started���he wis aye
lpoked upon as a kin' o' joke, no' tae
be taken too seriously. In they days,
hooever, the joke has latterly developed intae a tragedy.
* *  .
Hooever, his conduct since the war
started is what concerns us noo.
tt ft tt
1   It's  no'  a  hunner  years  ago  that
that commission o' enquiry intae the
ihell   bizness   took   place.     Chairges
grafters   wis  a   great   personal   freen
o' the great an' only Sam.    Sam had
made him a honorary colonel an' that
, wis the biggest hall mark o' approval
, that could come tae ony man. In spite
o' the indisputable evidence, Sam had
j the  confounded   cheek  tae  get  intae
i the witness box an' endeavor wi' his
I bluster an' bunkum tae mak the commission believe Mack wis white.
* *   .
Tae quote his ain words, "My friend
is the soul of honor, and I know him
to be a gentleman." Sam's ideas o'
honor maun hae been very elementary
an' as for his ideas o' what a gentleman is, weel, some thjngs are better
left unsaid.
.  * *
Wha o' us 'II forget thc scandal o'
the knock-kneed or bandy - legged
cuddies tliat were bocht an' pcyed for
as military  chargers?
* * *   _ ���
Wha '11 forget the investigation intae the medical supplies, when it wis
shown that common penny a packet
Epsom salts were sold at prices that
wud hae bocht tlic same amount o'
radium?
fl For PRINTING - THE STANDARD ���Sey, 470 fl
Jhen there wis the investigation
intae the fodder questyin���carloads
o' hay bein' peyed for that were never
delivered.
* * *
An' wha o' us '11 ever forget the
criminality which forced oor brave
sodger lads o' the first contingent tae
depairt overseas an' go intae trenches
knee deep wi' muck wi "paper boots!'1
* * *
Last, but no' the least remember
the Ross rifle. Though often warn
ed, Hughes, for reasons o' his ain,
wud persist in airmin' the boys wi'
that gun. Criticism o' the gun only
made Sam reply that it wis rival gun
manufacturers that were responsible
for it.
...
That gun has cost Canady untold
millyins o' dollars���an' if anything
wants investigashon, it sure is intae
the methods brocht tae bear on the
higher ups tae get that rifle adopted
in Canady.
...
It wis only efter it wis conclusively
proved that oor boys were bein' murdered in cauld bluid in the fechtin
through the general uselessne6s o
the rifle tae shoot when it wis wanted
that the authorities at Ottawa were
forced tae tak action. In fact the
rifle wis anither ally tae the Huns,
It wis "doublc-crossin'" when il wis
asked tae perform its duty.
* * *
These ��� few items���bhiidy an' te
fiblc as they are���were sharely sufficient tae merit the "order o' the
boot" for Sir Sam long afore this.
But politicks are the Curse o' Canady an' it wud seem as if a man wi'
sufficient "pull" an' ony amount o'
gall an' dam inipidence can play ducks
an' drakes wi' the common folks money���aye, an' the common folks lives.
.   .  ..
Wha. o' us '11 e.'ci> forget-the ill-
inainuered���I should say cowardly���
letter the Sham fellie wrote aneiit the
Ypics salient���a day or two titer
Kitchener's dathe. That letter wis
sufficient lae let onybody ken what
'  o'* a  "gentleman"   Sir   Sam   wis.
* :.  ft
Weel freens, things are beginniri'
tae strcchten oof a bit noo. Thc fact
o' bein' able tae get rid o' twa bounders like Bowser an' Sam Hughes in
twa months is a guid augury o' what's
tae follow. There's a wheen mare o!
the same kidney on the list yet, "who
never will be missed." Hooever, every dug has his day an' if Canady is
tae retain ony sclf-respeck the suner
we get rid o' some mare o' they
fellies the better it'll bc for us a'.
* * *
Durin' his "brilliant career" as war
minister, Lieut.-General (lood laueh-
ter) Sir Sam Hughes has made mony
bad breaks, but this last yin o' his
in wantin' tae mak himsel a wee tin
god or a kin' o' glorified Napoleon
wud seem tae be thc limit. The folk
in the auld country sin weigh up a
fellie o' Sammy's kin!, but I can fancy
I hear the late lamented Kitchener an'
Asquith an' some mare o' the auld
country statesmen sayin' among
themsels, "Oh, it's better tae jist kid
him along a bit; like his pet Ross
rifle���he's hcrmless."
** * *
Noo if ony common private sodger
had been guilty o' the least fraction
o' the foregoin',- he wud hae been
shot forthwith. Why, therefore,
should Sir Sam get awa' wi' it withoot an' investigashon intae his work.
* * *
I wis thinkin' a guid wcy tae strafe
Sam wud be for Hilly Ilowser an' him
tae be put in one o' the "Tanks."
Their job wudnie involve them killin'
Germans or daen onythin' cruel. They
wud be provided wi' cushion sates
wi' bayonets sticking' up oot o' them
in case they should fa' asleep.
So long as thc ** land dreadnoughts
were advancin' through the Huns they
wud jist hae tae sit still an' look wise.
* * *
Their only duty wud be that if the
Tanks got stuck in a shell bote or
owre the tap o' a German trench,
that these twa "heroes" be delegated,
tae get oot an' crowbar the front
wheels oot. Billy an' Sam wud mak
a fine pair. \l wud be graun' tae
hear thc twa atgyin' the pint is tae
i.ha should get)on the side nearest
the Huns.
. (*  .
Hooever, freens;, what's the use o'
worryin' oorsels owre nonentities o'
that ilk? Tae bile him doon, Sam is
what ony man wud ca' a brilliant
specimen o' a common, ordinary
dtimn fool.
Yours through the heather,
SANDY  MACPHERSON.
Fun and Frolic
"Stewart, how long will it be before we reach port?"
"About two hours, ma'am."
"Oh, dear, I shall die before then."
"Very   likely,   ma'am.     But   you'll
be all right again when you've been
ashore a little while."
* * *
A clubman who poses as a humorist
was having his shoes shined at a railway station.
"And is your father a bootblack,
too?" he asked the boy at his feet.
"No," said thc bootblack. "My
father is a farmer up thc state."
"Ah,"   said   the   humorist,   as     he
reached for his .notebook to make an
entry,   "he   believes   in   making   hay
while the son shines."
. * *
Mrs. Exe���So you've got a new
gown after all. I thought you said
you couldn't afford one this fall.
Mrs. Wye���So I did; but my husband had a streak of luck recently-
He broke his leg thc next day after
taking out an accident policy that
pays $50 a week.
* * ��
Corporal���What was your trade
afore you joined up?
Private���An artist.
Corporal���An artist! That ain't a
trade; it's a disease.
* * *
Minnie���So sorry to hear of your
motor accident.
Lionel���Oh, thanks! it's nothing.
Expect to live through many more.
Minnie���Oh, but  I hope not!
lusl.aml���\ ou re ii"t
Thc
Wife-
-W
ell,
if
jTot)
dou't ci
11
woina
i  econ
ig dre
nn
s
cal
or
\
a
���ho
saves
ll
"1
inarri;
ge I'd
lit
e
kilo
v vbat
y,
think
economy i
.
WANTED ��� PUBLIC SCHOOL
graduates or high school students to
take shorthand or business courses
and pay for same from salary earned
after graduation. Only a limited
number accepted on this plan. Apply
at once' in own handwriting to
Success Business College, Vancouver, B. C. y
...
Mickleby; Old chap, didn't your
better judgment tell you not to make
that investment?
Dingle: No, my better judgment
never tells me anything until after
I've gone and made a fool of myself!
* * *
A husband was seeing his wife off
for a country holiday���which he was
not able to share. As she got into
the train he said, "My dear, won't
you take  some fiction lo read?"
"Oh, no," she responded innocently; "I shall depend upon your letters-
from home!"
tt * *
Farmer Coming was asked whether he had had a good year.
"Gosh, yes!" he exclaimed. "I had
four cows and three hogs killed by
railway trains and two hogs and
eleven chickens killed by automobiles. I cleared near a thousand dollars."
...
"Do you take any periodicals?""
asked the minister on his first round
on parish visit.
"Well I don't," replied the woman,
"but my husband takes 'em frequent,
I do wish you'd try to get him to sign
the pledge."
* . *
First Boy.: We're sttidyin' physiology at school. I can tell you exactly
how many bones there arc in your
body.
Second Boy: 'Ow many?
First Boy: Two hundred and seven.
Second .Boy: Wrong���two hundred
and eight. I swallowed a 'erring:
bone this morning.
AQOUE!
Sell
lb frcaii Gobc
acoa
PHONEl 8EV. 900
MacDONALD & HAY
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.
Classified Advertising
FLORISTS
BROWN BROS. & CO., LIMITED,
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, Aw
Hastings St. E��� and 782 Granville
Street. Vancouver, B. C.   .
WATCHMAKER
10,000 WATCHES and CLOCKS
wanted to clean and repair tt th*
factory, 438 RICHARDS STREET. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1916
THE STANDARD
*FIVfi\...i
���
Estd. 1904.       Phone High. 285
READY ��� NEW  SEASON S
APPLE CIDER
BOILED CIDER &
APPLE SIRUP
from our factory at Vernon, B.C.
Also,    New    Season's    LULU
ISLAND CABBAGE, made
into the finest
Sauer Kraut
at  our  Vancouver   factory.
B.C. Vinegar Works
1365-7   Powell   St.,   Vancouver.
Cycling Dan says:
That by buying a Bicycle
You stop "bye-bye"
To many "a nickle7
Spent for cars
Or jitney fare.
Besides you can
Ride anywhere,
Pedal a Paragon���
And be glad
That you acted
On this "Ad."
Cycling can be made to pay
See Fred Deeley���now���Today.
FRED DEELEY
(The Cycle Man)
1126   GRANVILLE   STREET
VANCOUVER
fl
B
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SIR   WILFRID   LAURIER
Phone Highland 137
Grandview  Hospital
1090 VICTORIA  DRIVE
VANCOUVER      -     B.C.
Medical : Surgical   : Maternity
Rates   from   $15.00   per  week
CANADIAN
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Through Tickets
issued   to   all   parts
of the world.
THE   POPULAR
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to the Old Country,
Alaska, China and
Japan.
For full
particulars apply
to any
C. P. R.
Agent
The Halifax Chronicle publishes
the following letter, which it states
was received from one of the most
highly respected clergymen in Nova
Scotia:
To the Editor of the Chronicle: Sir
���I would like you to understand that
thc vulgar abuse of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, indulged in by a certain Nova
Scotian daily, is not to the taste of a
very large number of Conservatives.
One may differ from Sir Wilfrid
Laurier in his policy, but, speaking
for myself and many other Conservatives, he is a high-minded, patriotic,
Christian gentleman, loyal to his king
and country, and utterly incapable of
any dishonorable action. We all admire him as one of the greatest living Canadians, and we loathe these
contemptible attacks upon his personal character.
���"A Lifelong Conservative."
There arc papers ill other parts of
Canada besides N'ova Scotia which
demean themselves by Mlification of
this great Canadian. Tlie above letter, which is typical; we feel sure, of
the feeling- of the majority of the
people of this cbuntry, ho matter
what their politics, may be commend-
Montrcal  Herald & Daily Telegraph,
IN BRITISH COLUMBIA
There       ��� nsiderabl cling
aniong the Libi iritis! i
bin over l i nf M r. Rom ser |
iii giving i p the premiership.    In the I
ca se o ��� ii :       that
rend! i ed   bj   the eleel
Columbia  "ii  September   i I.  thi   d
feated   government     ought
stand   upon   the  order  ol   its
In   1911     the    La'uriei       oi  rnmi nl j
cleared it- desks and turned over the
reins of office  i<> the  Conservatives
within  a  month, but  Mr.  Bowser  is
still in office in British Columbia, and I
no dale has yet been announced  lor
his   retirement.     That   he   does   not
intend   to  hang  on  indefinitely  malic   inferred   from   an   article   in   the
Victoria Colonist, in which that Ilowser organ "concedes that in all human  probability   Mr.   II.   C.   Brewster
will shortly become premier of llritish   Columbia."      Inasmuch    as   Mr.
Brewster controls 37 out of the 47
seats in the legislature, the gracious-
ncss of the  Colonist is a little overpowering.���Manitoba  Free  Press.
* tt tt
IMMIGRATION
staples. It is up to Sir Robert Borden and his colleagues to move, and
the people of Canada will not much
longer brook delay."
* * *
WORK FOR MR. BREWSTER
When Bowser finally realises that
the people have kicked him out luno doubt will relinquish the reins of
office and then Mr. Brewster can get
busy. One of the important works
that will bc considered at an early-
date is the reorganization of the road
department which has been a disgrace to the province, and especially
in Ihe north. Thousands of dollars
are paid out annually to superintendents and their assistants that can In-
saved by laying off those office holders until the new system is ready.
If the salaries are only saved during
the winter it will mean much.   Later
Mr. Martin resigned office on June
14, five days after his defeat. On the
evening of that very same day Mr.
Dunsmuir was invited to form a government. Mr. Martin says that this
precedent does not apply to the present situation. Oi course. Mr. Bowser and he are going to establish a
precedent of their own.
Against the judgment of both Mr.
Bowser and Mr. Martin, each of
whom in his time had run the provincial ship on the rocks and been
fired by a disgusted electorate in almost the same proportions, is the tin-
colored, unprejudiced opinion of
sonic of the soundest legal minds in
the country, as well as the express
provisions of the Constitution act
which we quoted yesterday. There is]
no legal obstacle to Mr. Bowser's
resignation and an invitation by th:
lieutenant-goverrtor  to   Mr.   Brewster
! fi r the navy.    If the Tory par-
ty I ad not played false with the understanding aimed at by both political parties for the creation of a Canadian navy, they would not now be in
the necessity of scouring the country
for 5,000 raw recruits, without training and many who never saw the tea.
Thc Nationalist members of the present cabinet, Messrs. Patenaude and
Blondin, were the bitterest opponents
of thc navy. They should now l�� ��� n-
listed with Senator Beaubien, Mr J.
II. Rainville and other stalwart-, to
recruit for the navy with which they
did not want Canada to Jiavc any
connection nol so long ago in the
Drummond and Athabasca campaign,
where they scored their first victory
against it. Mr. Hazen himself took
great pleasure in the early days of
the present government to allow the
Navy Act to become a dead letter.
When the present government, under
nationalistic influences, sought to
have Canada give $.iyjO(U.<HJ for
their empty warships, it was Mr.
Hazen himself who was the stalwart
chosen to gag Sir Wilfrid Laurier
when the previous question was
moved so that, the minister of marine
could speak in place of the old veteran. The minister should lead a recruiting campaign for the navy, accompanied-by his friends who denounced it to reach power, ft would
be an inspiring spectacle. ��� Hon.
Charles Marcil. M.P.. in Montreal
Daily Telegraph.
'-.     ft    ft
BREWSTER AND PROGRESS
ery par) ql  tlie
n   : al       b -:
i   "al    elei ���'   '
"
government there will necessarily be
some positions foi which such examinations cannot well be held. Jn
these cases the places must be filled
by persons chosen by the government
of the day, and in the making of the
choice the principle of patronage
comes in.
Mr. Brewster will be obliged .��
exercise his discretion in the matter.
Ile will be more than huhian if, all
other things being equal, he does not
give a preference lo his ow n political
friends.
The exercise of patronage in tha<
way is inevitable, so long as the sysli'
tern of party government exists. And
it is not necessarily an evil. If forV
political reasons. to reward party
friends, men arc appointed to offices
for which they are not fitted by
character and qualifications, there is
an abuse of patronage which operates to the injury of the public interests. But if men are chosen who are
fully qualified by their integrity and
ability to discharge the duties assigned to them, and thus to serve the
public well, the fact that they have
been supporters of the government
of the day cannot be pleaded against
the appointments. In such cases
there is a legitimate exercise of patronage.
Ml). Brewster will probably fine,
that in his zeal t" stop an abuse of
patronage lie has made his condemnation too broad to be sustained in
the practical working of the affairs
of the government.��� Halifax Chronicle.
CONTENTED AT THE TROUGH
The Hon. Charles Marcil, M.P..
writes iu the Montreal Herald as follows: "Traffic Manager Hinton of
the G. T. P, and Canadian government railways, reports that there has
been a gratifying movement of sot-
tiers from the United States into
Western Canada. All of them arc-
people of means and own good equipment. The cheaper lands and a good
crop arc the inducements. In spite of
its "no truck  or trade with the Vau-
BIUTISH  BATTLESHIP UNDER  1*11.1,  SAIL
Till* In one of Hie few pictures ol" Hie Itrilisti navy in war linn- which.
Hie Censor Iiiin permitted lo lie ihiIiIIkIumI.   The picture nhowa lilg littttle-
Nhlp iiniler inn Nlenni with the muzzle of huge cannon or another ninii-o-
wnr Bliown I" llu- foreground. (Daily Mirror War Service.)
fully qualified  road  men  can be ap-.or anybody else he may designate to
pointed to handle the work. It is
possible that next season only repair
work will be undertaken and no superintendents arc required as it is more
than possible  that  local  boaros  will enti|    |(  ;s  ,,lU   ,.. .
be appointed  to  look after  each  section,     ll   is  also  the  desire   that   the
Mr. and Mrs. Bealey have returned
to the city after a long absence in
England, and have taken apartments
in Caroline Court. Their sou, Mr.
Walter Bealey, has entered the imperial army and is now at the front.
Mr. and Mrs. Hugh McLean,
Shaughnessy Heights, will leave this
week for California, where they will
spend the winter.
road department be taken out of poll-
kce" policy of 1911 the government (jls and the records of cost open at
seem to have changed their minus Li] tjnu.s f,,r inspection. ��� Omineca
Falling to get immigrants from Eur- Herald.
ope   they   are   taking   u lint   they   can *
get from the United Slates. In view
of the Duke of Connaught's parting
advice to the government to people
the west wiih  British races it  will bi
JOSEPH  TO  THE  RESCUE
Joseph Martin supports Mr,    Bo
,       .      .        1 ser   in   the  pretext   Mat   it   woul
interesting   to  know   what   uninigra- .    .      ,     _       ,.
,.       ,, unconstitutional     lor   lurn   to   i
tion   policy   thc   present  government
will   follow.     This   is   an   important
eral
Idlers' voti
, ,, , .... , , Cl.Ua.eioO'.O-.oiin.     .",>,. ... , _���       ,,..^ ,
and  costly  department.     I hough   we ,   . . ,.     ,i���ir,.;i,���o  ,i,���  i ;i������..,i   .-���  .,    ������;,
/- ���      .      . .       (has been received,  flits action ol Mr. aesennes the uioeral press as    iti
form a new government.
What a travesty of the principle ol
representative government Bowser's
course  has  been   from   beginning  to
lOlltlls
since  the  majority  of  the   voters
this   province   deviscly   told   him   and
his  colleagues  they were  n .t  '.vault !.
Yet  .Mr.  Bowser clings to power  in
the   face  of   thai   dismissal,    in
published   statement   implii ������   tl
thinks the public ought t-    rredi!
.* ith graciiin-, m deration il
happen  to  resif i      bi foi      thi
meeting of the hi use.
Tin- morning  papei. ti hich  | i i
cally  smother-,  itsell   ir   bi  i
its   own   picking   on   its     exemplar
methods of political disct
ginning t" do things  themselves.  As
soon as outsider- become fully alive
to the changed conditions they too
will start tloing things, and by the
time Mr. Brewster yet- the reigns "f
office and he ami his party have a
chance to show their willingness and
anxiety to help, the province will experience a development that will astound the world. Thc way is clear
now for the man who wants to do'
something. If the old laws, and there
are many bad ones, still act as an
obstruction to your enterprise, go
direct to the government am', they
will be rectified. .Mr. Brewster and
his party arc out . to aid. and even
force development, and a lot of oh!
enactments will he sent to tlu- ar-
chives or the furnace to make way
for modern legislation. ��� Omil
Herald.
GOVERNMENT PATRONAGE
In   the   British   Columb a   - i'
ster,  leader  of  .
I   SI     I       111 i--lll.il
'i  ihc       intry, an
thai   if   hi-   pan
..'.��� ���
m"    -a   uld    no    I  ���
it   he   has   won   :' ���
X.
t.
are   getting   no    immigration     tmm
M
Europe the department still spend:
as much as usual, all the old hands
having been kept on. That explains
a part of the growing expenditure
of the government."���Moncton Transcript.
trtm was inc.
itable in an> case am
tt ft ft
HIGH COST OF LIVING
ing     to  sec  its  party  in  power,   tile
e   taken   (or  granted.     If  Mr. Times is not "itching"'to see anybody
{ilowser  had urged any other excuse  in power, hut it i.- anxious to see the
for   his   course   he   would   have   been   will   of   the   elect' rate   oi   this   prov-
Blipported from the same source pro-j ince.     so     unmistakably   expressed,
vided   Mr.   Martin   was   convince!   if respected,   not   trcalied     with     con-
would be embarrassing to Mr.  Brew- tempt.    Was  the Colonist    "itching"
wcrs and was recent-  six  weeks  ago   when   it  intimated  to
A man who was convicted of stealing was brought before a certain
judge, well known for his tenderheartedness, to be sentenced.
"Have you ever been sentenced to
imprisonment?" asked the judge, not
unkindly.
"Never!' 'exclaimed the prisoner,
suddenly bursting into tears.
"'Well, well, don't cry, my man,"
said his honor, consolingly; 'you're
going to be now."
Discussing the high cost of living
problem the Toronto World, Conservative, puts it right up to the incompetents at Ottawa, when it says:
"The one authority that can put a
stop to the whole nefarious business
is the Dominion government. They
can deal not only with the speculators, but with the telegraph and telephone companies. They can, if necessary, fix the price of leading food
ster am! his l<
ed bv tlic overwhelming majority ol
the people of this province. He was
in consultation wiih Mr. Bowser on
this subject here last week, and his
announcement was quite to be expected.
But how docs Mr. Martin's present
"opinion" square with his own case?
thi June < , 1900, he went to tllc country and was completely routed. The
writs  for  that  election  were  not  re
Mr. Ilowser the desirability of resigning without unnecessary delay:
���Victoria Times.
RECRUITS FOR THE NAVY
While Premier Borden is making
an appeal to the country to help him
to make good his promise of 500.0(10
men for the army, his colleague of
Marine, Mr. Hazen. is making an ap-
turnable until June 30.    Nevertheless peal on his own behalf for 5.000 re-
"THE MAN WHO KNOWS"
Does not have to seek a position.   A position seeks him.    Business men seek "Success" graduates.    We
cannot supply the demand.   Why not get ready now?   Our Fall Term opens September 5th.
The SUCCESS BUSINESS COLLEGE, Limited
COR. 10TH AVK. AND MAIN ST., VANCOUVER      Schools from Coast to Coast      Phone Fair. 2075
there will be some curio ity I    Icai
how   he  will  carr>   .   t 1
There is no reason to '  th  I
Brewster was sincere in whal hi -.
There may well bc doubt, h' wever,
as to whether, having had no experience in the art of governing, he
quite realized the difficulty oi the
situation in which he was placing
himself. It is beyond doubt that the
patronage system has often been so
used as to do great harm.
One needs an interpretation of what
patronage means before subscribing
to a general condemnation of it. In
the field of politics it means the giving of a preference to one's political
friends in the making of appointment*
to office, and in the distributions of
orders for things required. In thc
case of the furnishing of supplies or
the performance of public work the
patronage idea can be eliminated to
a large extent by the employment of
a system of tender and contract, impartially administered. In the case
of appointments to office the problem is not so easy of solution. A
system of competitive examination
for the civil service would go far to
do away with patronage in that field.
But in the carrying on of affairs of
At a  time  when  the hearts of the
peopli ivrung wiih the
. ��� tragedy,     when
!    |, -    to in lily homes, and t^l)    i
',! ������ he .lives o        n
:      j,,   the   ye.-
E thi
���
'
Hook,
' ' ;. Last sunr-
t fell a bit lumpish
!,... tse war ord< rs already in hand
w. re running ait and few new ��� nes
were coming in. which suggested a
radical disturbance of tin status
quo. Sinci then a new beliggerent
buying wave has appeared, am! the
street i- notably cheerful: AH the
machinery tl < ��� >rld over is adjust'*
ed to war. Peace means readjustment, more or less dislocation and
confusion, much uncertainty. Certainly though the war has been much
bloodier and costlier than anybody
dreamed, there is not now the violent
reaction againsl it that there was
when it began."
So contented are the hogs ut the-
trough that we may even expect protests against unwarranted disturbance of thi   business  ��� I ihc  Republic
when  lh-   war i  lines  to an end.    The
uncoi   i ��� n    if   many   Ameri
��� ���       ll .r:'' irS      ihri'.il '
the  n orh    is  pas iing  is
;'        ��� lin    with which
���ontei    lates   them,  or
ed   i lie  war hi 1 iv
il nth   half  il
"
i      . t n
���  -��� ite
tie ai
-   shi ���    issumi
i mil e war, i        lomin-
i'lll   :
her v ealthy an ' self-suf-
'" r.       The   n l
for isl   and  lasi i
��� the struction of the military caste tli.i' for centuries has
plunged Europe a: frequent intervals
ii I - the ri :urrii _ 1. irrors of war- i f
'���or. [ui -i. eed' not fear Jn fate oi
the rich young man who. when faced
with the alternative of real self-sacrifice or of soul-destroying ease ami
sloth, cent away sorrowful, for ho
had great possessions. ��� Toronto
Globe.
WANTED ��� PUBLIC SCHOOL
graduates or high school students to
take shorthand or business courses
and pay for same from salary earned
after graduation. Only a limited
number accepted on this plan. Apply
at once in own handwriting to
Success Business College, Vancouver, B. C. -���"
���M
M
SIX
THE STANDARD
SATURDAY. NOVEMBER 18, 1<M6
��� : r '  '   '.������.,-
. - '-.'������*
JN THE MOTLLGH
PANTAGES THEATRE
Miv Inquisitive is a novel little coin
___^JUrf*Sv 11 a with more than the usual
amount id comedy and music scattered throughout. . Karl Cavanagh
who is a well-known comedian ill
eastern cities, occupies the role of
chief fun maker. Ruth Tompkins, a
young beauty who is said to have a
future in store for her if she keeps
up her present standard of acting.
leads the feminine part of the playlet
with a grace, ease, and ability which
is irrisistible. Thc chorus girls are all
said to be nice looking, very graceful
and good singers.
The Three Keatons are really
"Fun's Funniest Family," for they
have caused everyone to scream immoderately in all of Mr. Pantages'
theatres with their line of comedy.
Kurke and Brodcrick have a new
dancing number with a large amount
of original dances to perform. John
Rucker and Sam Winnifrecl are a
pair of black-face artists who have a
very pleasing and comical turn. Senator Francis Murphy, thc "Hutch
Comedian," is said to bc one of the
best ever upon the Pantages time.
"Extremely popular" is his reputation.
In thc second chapter of the "Shiel
ding Shadow," the main action of tin
serial  really commences.    Jerry, win
is arrested for the murder of Diego,
is placed upon a prison ship, in which
cholera rages. By hiding himself in
a coffin, he escapes. The coffin i^
-apposed lo contain a dead man and
i-. heaved overboard. By exerting
himself to the utmost, Jerry is enabled to break the ropes which bind
the coffin and finally escapes. The
pictures of the coffin and his escape
were taken under water.
ft ft ft
PATRIOTIC THEATRE FOLK
CHEER RETURNED SOLDIERS
Friday night at 11 o'clock all th
theatre folk now in Vancouver will
meet with thc returned soldiers in the
ballroom of the Vancouver Hotel,
where they will put forth their best
efforts to show the veterans and their
many friends a good time. Thc head-
liners from both vaudeville houses
will entertain in an intimate way. M
Bert Levy, the famous Australian
art cartoonist, is responsible for the
event and will be master of ceremonies, while the management of the C
P.R. hotel has given the ballroom,
tickets and other  things  free.
The proceeds of the midnight frolic
wilt go to the Relumed Soldici< Association, and the actor folk have adopted as a slogan, "One hundred cents
out of every dollar for thc Returned
Soldiers."
The Vancouver Opera House
UJR. L. A. ROSTETN. manager of the Vancouver Opera
^^ House, formerly tlie Empress Theatre, is to he congratulated upon the splendid programme arranged fqir thc
season. During this winter the hest companies on the road
will show at the Vancouver Opera House. Manager Ros-
tein is hooking only the highest class productions of Klaw
and Erlanger and Shubert, and the better people of \'ancouver owe him a large debt of gratitude. The financial
risk involved in handling these productions is immense,
and the Vancouver Opera House should receive handsome
support during this winter.
o ��� ��� ��� ���
The Countercheck Quarrelsome
By Frank Foster
Three men were seated at a table
with dominoes scattered upon it. The
game was over, and Colonel Jeff
Pooser. who had been watching it,
drew himself up and pushed the electric button. When the drinks had
been served and paid for, and the
sound of the waiter's footsteps died
out at the end of the passage leading
to the bar, the Colonel took up thc
daily paper from another table, ami.
after glancing at it for a few moments,  uttered a  short, derisive  laugh.
"Two more nigrers gone: Webster's certainly a crackcrjack."
"What. Did they try him again?"
queried one of the domino-players,
with an unwholesome and sudden interest, hardly to be expected from
his languid aspect.
"They sure did, and he got 'em
both." said the Colonel.    "Lord, these
nigrers know notliin'j can't even hold
a man up. All the same. Webster
musl be powerful handy with his gun.
Still. 1 don't think he could handle
white men in that  fashion."
The third man, who had not spoken, was staring intently before him:
it was his method of thinking. It
seemed to be his turn to speak, as the
others were silent. So he said, "lie's
no fool, Tom ain't, though he's
mighty gritty. Gel liiui where you
had the drop mi him and he see reason and quit."
At this poiqt ihc moral atmosphere
which had been idly speculative, took
an air of personal interest. The willpower of the Colonel probably influenced it. as the others were im-
mcasureably his  subordinates.
"Yes." said the Colonel, speaking
airily, but spitting with keen attention, "two men, one on each side of
the road, just where she rises outer
the swamp, with a double-barrel shotgun apiece, and Tom Webster wouldn't be one, two, three. I think he'd
take it like a man, too; as Minis says,
where's the use of getting shot for
sure. Fools as nigrers is, I don't see
how- they bungled the business that
bad. Nobody ain't likely to try it
again, though, and I heard as the
company was going to send a rider
along with him nest time: they can't
afford to risk two thousand in dollars."
The Colonel shot a glance at Minis
and then one at the other man, without  raising  his  eyelids.     Both,  how
ever, were motionless, so wdth a tentative "well," lie rose and Walked out
of the room.
Tom Webster was standing alone
on thc sidewalk with his haiids in his
trousers pockets and one foot advanced. It was his characteristic, almost his only, attitude whett standing. Though a trifle under middle
height, he was so symmetrically built
as to give him what is called a "presence." The red of his much-exposed
face was russet, his mustache of the
shoe-brush order, and his mouth
coarse and firm. His hair was always
like a schoolboy's, his eyes grey and
unflinching, were set in flush with
the contour of his face. His lack of
vanity, for a man, wasx really singular.
Where such men as the Colonel
told lies, Webster saved himself the
trouble by his faculty for remaining
silent. Perhaps he knew, or perhaps
it was only an intuition with him,
that most men will deceive themselves
if you will only give them a chance.
Nor did he engender suspicion by being what is called a "silent" man. Few
people appreciated how little he talked, although his mood was so largely
receptive. Ile was always acutely iu
touch with his surroundings. Occasionally he fell unintentionally into
utterances of a humorous nature,
chiefly grim. To a remark once made
to him, "I suppose you are a pretty
good shot," he modestly replied, "Yes
sir, I have been pretty lucky," which
could have  had  but one  meaning.
The Colonel's slouching step made
him turn suddenly. Long habits of
petty dissimulation do not render a
man immune from guilty surprise, and
Pooser had no directness of dealing
save on certain sudden occasions with
a pistol, for spasmodic physical courage was almost his only virtue. His
slight check at Webster's movement
however, was unnoticed and he languidly pushed forward a yellow, knobby hand. Webster took it. plunging
bis direct gaze into the middle of the
other's face. It told him nothing,
for Pooser never let another man's
eyes engage his own for five con
sccutUe seconds. But. because he
felt that the other man was half con
sc'.ous of his thoughts, he hastened to
turn them into innocent words.
" 'See you got a couple more would-
be's. Friday." he drawled, "I'd like
to know  how you  do  it.    You  must
f For PRINTING ��� THE STANDARD ��� Sey. 470 fl
be quicker nor anyone I ever see, and
I've  ^ei:n  a   few."
"It aint nothing," said Webster.
carelessly. "I got the drop on rim- and
the other scared out just long enough
for me to catch him too, I've got to
watch  out."
And he did. Through his habitual,
steady gaze he watched thc Colonel
for a sign that he could read anil thus
confirm his guess. And the Colonel,
uneasily suspicious that his half-formed thought was being read, watched
Webster, but ill bis own way: through
stolen glances from his shallow,
brown eyes, that scanned the other's
firm, .hard hands and flickered with
hesitation up to his face. Webster
learned nothing more, for this was
Pooser's habit. The Colonel learned
nothing, for Webster departed with
a single, "Well." and a stepping into
his buggy.
Colonel Pooser belonged lo a ciass
of people who, without any visible
means of support, seem to thrive and
enjoy a certain sort of respect in thinly-populated districts, lie was sometimes described as an attorney and
sometimes as a politician, having, at
intervals, been engaged in advocating
the passing of certain State measures
for the confiscation of property on
trumped-up charges of illegal ownership and violations of the law; it was
about thc time of thc anti-trust delirium and the politcians were making
the most of their opportunity, wrest
ing the laws and making new ones to
the end of treating as a capitalist ev
ery industrial owner who had attachable effects, lie had "run for office,"
the particular office being that of
'. .ate - li.. -v elm. A._;-i'-,- with tbe comfortable perquisite of twenty per cent
of all that he could squeeze from the
unfortunate capitalist. Ile was defeated by another gentleman whose
lir.cn rivalled his reputation for gen
eral dinghies* so that his sobriquet
of "dirty Wadhams" might be taken
as having either a moral or a physi
al application. This patriot could
boast of his father having been killed
in a street brawl, arising probably
from some political dispute; at least
he always referred to it as "thc
Cause." Pooser himself could not
bc accused of any radical bias against
the so-called capitalists, since he first
intimated his willingness to "pull" for
them, if he could find it consistent
with his interests to do so. The people he approached had1, however
rightly regarded him as being more
dangerous and disreputable as an allocate than as an opponent, so that
he was forced by their refusal into
the position of a public-spirited poli
tician. Webster was employed by
the same firm as woodsman, and
Pooser most unreasonably connected
him with his want of success to make
a paying business of dirty political
jobbery. Moreover, he came about
as near fearing Webster as he did
anyone, and consequently hated him
the more.
About two weeks after the interview just described, the Colonel,
choosing a slack mid-week day, borrowed/ a buggy from a livery stable
and took a drive north in the warm,
early February afternoon. He passed
the small farms, with their crazy
snake-fences and thc weather-gray
frame shanties, standing on blocks
two feet clear of the ground, passed
the piles of yellow, new lumber where
the engine panted and the guttcral
whimper of the sawmill rent the air
and was driving where the timber
was sparse and occasional teams of
oxen met him, dragging logs in pairs
between eight-foot wheels. Suddenly
his near horse limped heavily. The
Colonel got out and found that thc
animal had twisted a shoe lie tried
to wrench it straight but failed. Then
lu* glanced nervously at a house with
a new rail fence around it; a close observer would have divined thai thc
Colonel was desirous of avoiding recognition. Hut it was too late; with
a jerky springing walk there ap
proached him a figure that for its
oddity might have been a troll of the
woods or a gnome of the earth.
It was that of a boy or dwarfish
man, with a puckered, lined face, eyes
shifty and furtive as thc Colonel's
own. and a generally uncanny appearance. What made him a really
curious object, however, was the fact
of his being dressed in a fashionable
suit of clothes and his wearing patent leather shoes and a .high stiff
hat. He agreed in number and person with the woods but his dress was
a violent comment "on his surroundings. The Colonel stared for a few
uneasy moments and then broke into
a  disagreeable  laugh.
"You must have struck it -rich
somewhere." he said, "why I didn't
know you,' Rooster."
The other was not at all pleased
with thc Colonel's clumsy raillery. It
was a reminder���that he was not always so well-dressed.
"Oh, it aint nothin'," he answered
carelessly. "A fellow cant go around,
like ��� a slouch all the time," eyeing,
somewhat maliciously, the Colonel's
well-worn, shapeless store clothes.
"Well," said Pooser sharply, "help
me  to get this blame shoe straight.
Go  get  a   hammer   .and   don't   he   all
lay about it neither."
Rooster appeared to be used to doing odd jobs, for he sauntered awaj
thc house without hurry or comment ill the fashion "of odd-job i
But as he helped Colonel Iv, . .
eyed him narrowly when tlu Coloi -
el's back was turned, and when (hi
job was finished he ashed listle I; ,
as one hardly expecting the tn th,
where the other was going.
Colonel Pooser's diplomacy consisted'almost entirely of lying. He would
have been uneasy had Rooster not enquired; that would ban- indicated reserve, and reserve, suspicion. Yet
although he distrusted every mail he
could not go a step farther, and suppose thai Rooster asked the question
to lull suspicion, awkwardly a* the
question was put.
"doing to look over some timber-
lands," he replied, "and if I stay here
chewing the rag much longer I won't
get home tonight." With that he departed, glancing over his shoulder
at the boy, who was sauntering back
to the house.
Like most people with but meagre
environment, Rooster was keenly inquisitive He had been watching the
Colonel from the moment that he had
appeared on the scene and had a feeling that he was engaged in something
that he was anxious to keep secret.
The mere supposition strung cvery
fibre of his being to a pitch almost
painful in its intensity. He watched
the buggy until it passed round a
bend and then ran swiftly and cautiously after it. If the combination
of fashion and savagery in his appearance- hid bec'n singular before, it
now became absolutely sinister; a
man attired as one living in a city,
tracking a buggy with the ravenous
interest and stealth o,f an Apache.
Through swamp and tangle for an
hour or more he followed his object.
Pooser confirmed his suspicions by an
occasional uneasy glance over his
shoulder, but for all purposes of information, he might as well liave
looked into the sky. At last he came
to a sudden halt and alighting from
tlic buggy, began to examine the timber. But although he examined it
very minutely, he was interested in
two trees only. They were large and
stood one on each side of the road
and about ten paces from it just after it left the swamp, lie went and
stood carefully behind each one as
if taking an observation. Then he
lookecf carefully behind each one as
if taking an observation. Then he
looked carefully at the trees, evidently wishing to impress upon his mind
their position and general aspect, after which htf remained for some moments in thought. He then walked
about a hundred yards to the west of
the road to where the land rose into
a little knoll. Here he carefully measured wilh his eye the distance to
where the buggy stood, finally lying
full length where he could plainly
see that spot on the road without being visible himself. Then he returned
to his team and drove rapidly back-
to the town. Rooster, lost iu wonder
at this extraordinary timber survey,
followed at his leisure, glancing every
now and then somewhat ruefully at
the damage to his attire.
About a month later, one cold, gusty afternoon in March,' two men
stood at the same spot, talking furtively and by fits and starts. They
were not men who seemed likely to
lease timberlandte. however; indeed,
they were none other than the two
dominoe players. Minis and his
friend, whom he called Lige. Through
all their talk they watched intently
a bend in the road about half a mile
away.
"Suppose he brings a rider with
him." said Lige.
"Then we don't try it." replied the
other. "But he wont; 1 know he wont,
lie's a daredevil, and even now on
a dead sure thing I feci scared, lie
must have something up his sleeve;
how he's managed twice to lay out
a couple of fellers without them getting even a shot? Suppose we shoot
him anyhow; don't hold him up? It
would be  safer."
"Seeing the other way's dead safe,
1 don't see how it could be." said
Lige drily. "But I wont have it; I
wont shoot a man and him not look-
ing."
"Well," said Minis. "But mind, unless his hands goes up powerful sudden we both shoots. Xow, mind;
there's no fooling with Tom Webster;
give him two seconds and he'll kill
us both. And there he is; see his
buggy down there, and no rider.
Shake hands, Lige; no squirming."
From a slight raise on the left of
the road, Colonel Pooser, crouched
in an angle formed by a* fallen tree
and its stump, watched them through
a small field-glass. The sun's upper
rim had just passed below the horizon; a keen grayness lay over the
landscape, and' the short, southern
twilight slipped imperceptibly into
night. Low in the western blue sank
the new moon, a mere slender clipping, pearl-white in the sky. The
wind had dropped jind there was a
deep silence as the good    things of
Pantages Theatre
___^_^  WEEK OF NOVEMBER 20TH, 1916
MR. INQUISITIVE
With Ruth Tompkins and Girlies
THE  THREE  KEATONS,  Fun's  Funniest   Family
BtjRKE & BRODERICK, in "Dance Creations'
RUCKER AND WINNIFRED, Ebony Hued Entertainers
SENATOR FRANCIS MURPHY
Dutch Comedian
'^THE SHIELDING SHADOW "
Prices: Matinee, 15c; Night, 15 & 25c; Mat. starts 2.40; Night, 7 & 9
day began to droop and drowse. The
Colonel shivered slightly, but none
Ihe less looked anxiously through his
glasses.
Presently he heard the water ir. the
swamp echo with a splashing, and
saw a tall, sorrel horse and then the
buggy, containing Webster, who was
driving with both hands well forward,
holding the reins well apart. Pooser
heaved a sigh of relief, as the sorrel
walked out of the swamp, and reaching dry ground, broke into a trot.
Then there was a shout, and the Colonel, who chewed too much tobacco,
felt his heart stand still, until a few
seconds elapsed without a shot.
Tom Webster, quiet as ever, sat
in the buggy, his upraised palms about
on a level with the crown of his hat.
Two men, one on each side of the
roadj, advanced, covering him with
shot-guns; over their faces they wore
handkerchiefs with eye-holes iu them.
In obedience to an order, Webster
alighted from the buggy, his hands
never for a moment lowered, and,
backed some twenty yards from it.
One man went to the horse's head
and the other, still covering Webster,
approached the buggy.
The Colonel could hot take his
eyes from the tatter's face. Fear he
had never expected to see, but of
chagrin, hate, rage, there was not
a trace, lie appeared to bc the passive spectator of a drama, waiting
until the finale. Apparently in obedience to an order from the bandits,
he then turned his hack to the scene.
Minis advanced and threw back thc
apron, which seemed to burst into
smoke and flame, throwing him backwards. The watcher then saw many
things happen all at once, lie saw
Lige turn his gaze for one instant
from Webster, who wheeled round
like an automaton, jerked out a six-
shooter and shot him. He saw Minis
sink to the ground in a heap, Webster run to the head of thc plunging
horse and turn over the body near it
and pull the handkerchief from its
face. And with a bitter curse he
saw Rooster leap out from under the
apron and perform the same office for
Minis, hideous with blood and shreds
of cloth.    It was all  so  ridiculously
plain and simple now; why had this
never occurred to him as a possibility? And moving cautiously away he
found  his horse and  fled.
About a week later Pooser was
standing iu a saloon when, most unexpectedly, Webster entered; he seldom drank, and a saloon would have
been a good hiding place for anyone
wishing to avoid him. The bodies of
the two would-be bandits, being
white men, had been brought into
town, and no one could say how Tom
had managed to kill one with shot and
the other with a bullet. He was
greeted with enquiries on the subject.
"There's only one man knows*," he
said suddenly, fixing the Colonel with
his eye. "He planned this hold-up
and perhaps the others for all I
know."
For once the Colonel forgot himself; that he could associate himself
with colored men was an insinuation
that was not to be lightly passed over.
Several people, following Webster's
gaze, were now looking at him. He
could resent this imputation at least,
with  unfeigned  indignation.
"What are you staring at me for,
Tom Webster," he drawled, "do you
want to say that I hired nigrers to
kill you?"
"I don't know for certain about
them," returned Webster, "but I
know you planned this last job. Rooster followed you aud saw you fixing
it up two or three weeks ago."
The Colonel's hand wandered unconsciously to his breast pocket, and
only halted at the last fraction of
Webster's glance. An instant more
and he had crossed the boundary that
lies between this and the unknown.
He was not physically a coward, but
he knew that Webster could shoot
him- before he could draw his own
weapon and that he would not hesitate to do so if he thought circumstances justified him. So with his
breath coming hard he slowly left the
saloon, but with less slur upon his
character than might be supposed by
anyone unacquainted with such communities. Where politics is a term
synonymous with corruption nothing
else seems to matter much.
WM An Enthusiast on Canada
O.M!i mlgnt almost think tnat
three million miles o'. travel
would satisfy any man, but
Mr. Burton Holmes, the famous
American grobe trotter, wanted
more and spent three months this
summer in crossing Canada from
coast to coast as the first stage of
his fourth million. The country
,was new to him, but ft provided
him with such a wonderful variety
of beautiful pictures that he now
declares he never spent three more
interesting months in his life. He
is lecturing now to audiences of two
SBd throe thousand at a time In
the   great   cities   et   the   United
States, urging mem to spend next
summer either in the romantic,
historic centres of Eastern Canada
or the mountain fastnesses or tho
Canadian Pacific Rocrties. His
moving pictures of Banff, Lake
Louise and the Yoho Valley are tin
finest of their kind ever p-oduced.
while the photographs in natural
colors taken by Mrs. Burton
Holmes are a revelation as to the
possibilities of this new process of
picture taking. Canada has probably never been drawn to the attention ot our American neighbors in
a more attractive fashion. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 18, J916
THE   STANDARD
SEVEN
Phone Seymour 9086
WE  INVITE YOUR
FIRE INSURANCE
BUSINESS
We Write Insurance in Sound, Reliable Companies.
Dow Fraser Trust Co.
122 Hastings St West.        McKay Station, Burnaby
Northern Securities, Ltd.
Established 1906
529 PENDER STREET WEST Seymour 1574
FINANCIAL AGENTS      ESTATE MANAGERS
NOTARY PUBLIC
TO RENT-HOUSES AND SUITES
SHAUGHNESSY HEIGHTS.���10-roomed House,
on 19th Avenue. Two fireplaces, Hardwood
floors.   $40.00 per month.
KITSILANO. ��� Several six and seven-roomed
Houses.    $15.00 per month.
SUITES, Alma Court, 2224 Alberta Street. Three
and four rooms. All modern. $8.00 to $15.00
per month.
FURNISHED. ��� Beautiful 10-roomed suburban
home, 5 blocks from car. Six months. $25.00
-per month.
B. GEO. HANSULD
Manager
(Elw *��iandarii
B.C. MUNICIPAL
BONDS
Have proved their Safety and Stability as a
Profitable Investment.
We offer a variety of thoroughly safeguarded
bond issues, sold to net 6J_ per cent, to 7X per cent.
Consult our Bond Department by letter or in person.
Canadian Financiers Trust Co.
Head Office: 830 Hastings St. West, Vancouver, B.C.
Patrick Donnelly, General Manager.
NEW WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION ACT
In a recent review of the new Workmen's Compensation Act appearing in the Vancouver press, it is stated
that this act was framed on the report submitted by the
Commission appointed by the Provincial Government.
that the report of thc Commission was unanimous���the
main proposal living that all employers lie compelled Io
pay into an accident fund to be administered by the Government. It is further staled that in the course of their
investigations the Commission visited twenty-five states
of the Union.
1 had the honor of addressing the Legislative Council
when the chairman of the Commission read his report
and I have no hesitation in saying that the report was so
palpably biased that to any impartial mind it defeated its
own purpose. In point of fact this report showed to any
analytical mind that the Commissioners had simply blindfolded themselves in regard to the real state of affairs.
The Commission's report consisted mainly of examinations of state fund officials and, of course, their testimony
was naturally all in favor of state insurance as against insurance companies because that is the side on which their
bread is buttered. Any person could have made a similar
report without spending the people's money visiting twenty-five states of the Union. All lhat was necessary to
secure such a report was to write to the officials who are
administering funds in the places where monopolistic state
insurance is in operation and they would have been pleased to have given thc same prejudiced and unreliable data
by correspondence. Had the Commission given some
fair evidence on thc other side (that is, in favor of insurance companies as against monopolistic state insurance)
the report would have looked a little less biased ami would
have had some weight  with the business community.
The Commission's report did not deal with the looting
of tllc accident fund in the State of Washington by a bunch
of political gamblers. It did not show that the Washington fund is hopelessly bankrupt. It did not show that
the employers in the Stale of Washington will soon he
taxed out oi existence to make up a deficit which is lie-
ginning to assume alarming proportions. It did not show
that the reserves for pensions in the Stan of Washington
and in every other place where slate insurance is in vogue
are grotesquely inadequate and are not a fifth i what
they should be as shown by life insurance talil tal
istics. it did nol deal with the farcical situal ��� n n .'e I
Virginia where owing t" mining disasters the assessments became  so burdensome that the mine own
rid of tiu-ir liability at a fixed and definite cosl and there
is no danger of additional assessments or of their being
taxed out of existence when a catastrophe occurs. Xor
will they ba\e to pay oul their good ���none) year after
year i" teach a lot of political appointees how to conduct
an insurance business,
State insurance has been a dismal ailure wherever it
has been tried, but whilst tie- experiment has been going
"ii employers of labor have been mulcted, injured workmen have suffered and chaos and demoralization have resulted. The administration of state accident funds has
been attended by an orgy of waste. Money has been paid
out for political expediency. And the poor employer has
to pay for all this waste and bureaucratic ineptitude. Why
do tin- premiums of employers of labor and the compensation of injured workmen have lo he mixed up in the
topsy-turvydoin of political life? Why should employers
of labor have to pay for jobs for political followers'' Why
should men who know nothing about insurance, nothing
about personal injuries ami nothing about the manifold problems which are inseparably bound up with Workmen's
Compensation, be allowed to administer a branch of insurance which has taken underwriters years to study.
to organise and lo perfect? Is il a sufficient reason for
the employers of labor or for the artisans of this province
that these men should secure these jobs simply because
they have been of service lo some political party?
I regard the new Workmen's Compensation Act as it
stands at the present time as a calamity. It will increase
the [lumber of accidents. It '.ill make careful employers
careless. It will poison tiie very sources of enterprise.
It will throttle new industries. It will drive away capital.
Il will gi\c rise i" tiie '-nation of illegitimate stock-
companies. It will create a feeling of danger and insecurity. Ii will keep manufacturers in constant dread
of impcndiivg disaster. It will put industry in bobbles.
And if a mining catastrophe of any magnitude occurs, tin-
cost will inevitably have to he borne hy the ordinary taxpayer. The function ii a G ivernmenl is - n -��� ilal husi
ne--. nol io throttle bu ii i >s  >y invading the fi
-ubltgh.d  every Saturday at 42tf  Homer Street, Vancouver.
��� l*-phan.    .' Seymour 47f
Registered at the Post Office Lrnpa _mwit. Ottawa* <_���
<��*-.-n_ Claws Mail Matter.
M 1!S( HII'TIO.V    nATBS
To al] point* in Canada, United Kingdom, Newfoundland
-���w Zealand nnd other British Possessions:
$2.00
*r��iUffe to American. European ana other foreign eountrfofl
ti.00 per year extra..
 ���  , �� ,
The Standard wijl be delivered to anj addreaa In V_um
oijv. r or vicinity at ten cent* a month.
U ember of the Canadian Preai Association.
The Standard, with which in Incorporated the S&tur4*y
'blnook, circulate* lu Vancouver and the cities, towns, vll-
agea and settlements throughout Brltlah Columbia. Ia
.mil tics the paper la Independent Liberal.
Publisher! The Standara  Printer*
I ���      ' ���   ���   ' i    'li
icno    ! ���  in liai
.
li appeared
'Ul*
" Every Client a
Walking Advertisement
jy
The above is the motto of one of the largest
firms in British Columbia.* The sum of Ten Dollars
will be given to the person whose envelope is first
opened  containing   the   correct  name   of   the   firm.
Competition closes December  18th.
Address   answers  to   Box  602,   Standard   Office,
employe
s  at  pre!
West  Virginia
,f Washington ami
will
ther
'���WHY NOT APPLY lhe I,oid's day Ael lo preachers?
J-eddling politics is no better titan peddling plums: ami a
general "slml up" all round would prevent desecration in
(lie sam inary as well as iu the shop. Probably this. loo.
would give us a day of rest,
"There i> little doubt but that tin.  ,'.--i--; u   .* II bi
higher than the rates charged by lhe insurance companies
However, supporters of the Act claim lhal the increasei
cost will not exceed three times the insurance companies
rale.-- ami lhat the cost will be reduced after '!;- Acl i.a
been in force for a reasonable length of time."
There  is no doubt  that  lhe cost  I
will   be  at   least   tliree   times   the   rai
charged by liability insurance companies, and i'' there
any catastrophic* the  first year   the assessments   _*i1
immeasurably higher,    Ami it is a safe bet  thai  .lie
of the Government's administration of the new  acl
not be reduced after the aet has been in force for a i
onalde time.   <iti the contrary, the assessments will m
up higher and higher as they
as  they  are <loiii_��  in   the  Stat        ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
places,   The trouble is thai no State or Governmeni ever
figures an adequate capitalization for pensions
serves  were  figured  on  the  bnsi
tality tables the cost would be s.
er   of   labor   in   the   provin	
doors of the Governmeni in Victoria to have the act in
mediately  repealed.    The  Government's  only  chanci   i
keeping the employers quiet and lulling them inl" a  5tal
of false security  is  to  figure totally inadequate reserve
and keep the assessments down,  thus deferring  the  da
of reckoning,    The result  is  that year after year, just _
surely as the sequence of day and night, the assessment
upon employers of labor will gel bigger ami bigger an
I ...ii
I when a disaster occurs  the lat will then b
This state fund  feature  is ii"t  insiiranc
of labor.    It is psctldo or false insurance,    The t'li]
never know what this experiment is going t
A large assessment can he levied iq
so  lhal  there is always a  lurkil
financial position.   All employei
in a liability insurance companj
it is going to cosl them     In tin
-   '    ' ���
' ��� -
II
- i i i'i   n
The new        eminent 1
���' r     V. ill  the; rin   ���
,-itl   the
-
I wot.
v. ill. I believe lhe members of the new Government realise that it would be the height of folly to try a hazardous
experiment such as state insurance at this time. 1 believe they realize that the liability insurance companies
hate organizations in this province almost as perfect as it
is possible to be. I believe t'.ey realize that it will be an
act of prudence and business judgment not to disturb these
organizations and interfere with the livelihood of about
5.(K K) people who have given this business of liability and
workmen's compensation insurance tlieir life thought. I
believe they realize that they should give the employer a
fair chance aud not force him in a Kaiser .ike way to pay
his money into a state fund with which he is not in sympathy, but allow him to protect himself absolutely and
beyond question by taking out liability insurance at a fixed
premium. If the new Government will pass such a bill
they v. ill have deleted the one pernicious feature from the
new Workmen's Compensation Act and by doing this
they will earn the lasting gratitude of both the employers
and  workmen of this province.
���A. S. MATTHEW,
j THE HIGH COST OF LIVING        Continued from p. 2
I tliat   many  decent   citizens   will  be   only   half    fed.    half
lothed  ,        all    arm ���  is     inter, but they will go higher.
last sl rival s not been reached yet,   The
:    d extortioners i        i   I    make si    iral more squeezes
:    .    ��� gets what is coining to it
it tin   ���    it i   ���   ral eh   tioi
n  really !"���>.     msidei ng the
the     '���'.,".   X" mat-
��� Govern! lent's
ds   reckon   to  1 il   all   i   ll   of
n't i ���    him     Thi y  ; iss
ket   1 ' ��� fei at
.iscs higher than in war-stri ken
belli
it win f. iiowi
THE CONNAUGHT TUNNEL
If the rent' the American mor-
;o high thctt every employ-
ould l,e  clamoring  at  tin
in i
t"
then
danger in
if labor w
way ii
fin .
ployers
loyers
cost them
,u anj lime
lacing their
It insurance
know wlm
solutelj  gel
&o lntjeg.org
THOSE WHO,  FROM  TIME TO TIME,  HAVE FUNDS  REQUIRING
INVESTMENT,  MAY PURCHASE AT PAR
DOMINION OF CANADA DEBENTURE STOCK
IN SUMS  OF $500  OR ANY  MULTIPLE THEREOF.
Principal repayable ltt October, 1919.
Interest payable half-yearly, 1st April and 1st October by cheque (free
of exchange at any chartered Bank in Canada) at the rate of five per cent
per annum from the date of purchase.
Holders of this stock will have the privilege of surrendering at par and
accrued interest, as the equivalent of cash, in payment of any allotment
made under any future war loan issue in Canada other than an issue of
Treasury Bills or other like short date security.
Proceeds of this stock are for war purposes only.
A commission of one-quarter of one per cent will be allowed to recognised bond and stock brokers on allotments made in respect of applications
for this stock which bear their stamp.
For application forms apply to the Deputy Minister of Finance, Ottawa.
DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE, OTTAWA,
OCTOBER 7th,  191*
-.-���i^.���- ,*.-y���,!.'-'������
���-y'-^'..'.o '   ,,-J
���SW.ri___ -   "*.
I VT^y,
0H&ft*i
ONE ot the greatest ot the achievements ot the Canadisn Pacini: Hallway is the Connaught
Tunnel. This great work���through
the lofty Mount MacDonald --
amongst tho Selkirk Mountains, im
nearly fix miles long antl double
tracked. The excavation has been
made at a cost ot over J12.000.UOO
to the groat transportation company. But the C.P.R.. which has
spent from $26,000,000 to $35,000,000
per annum on the development or
the West previous to the war. does
not even in times of a conflict
affecting the greater part of lhe
world, spare expense where the
public convenience makes an urgent
demand. The opening uf lhe tunnel
will greatly facilitate traf.'ic. v "
open a new routo. and will do away
with many miles of snow s/lods.
The Connaught Tunnel will give
the Canadian Pacific the lowest
grade of any transcontinental railway running through the Selkirk
Mountains. It was bored In less
than three years under the supervision of Mr. J. G. Sullivan. Chief
Engineer of- Western lines, and j ea with what he saw. The con-
It is claimed that no under-, 6truotlon work is now rapidlv ap-
taking of similar dimensions was! proaehing completion. Two miles
ever   completed   In   such    a     short i 0f steel rails have vet to he laid on
���:������'���'
>m
i
time. In the excavation of the tun
nol many engineering difficulties
had to be overcome. But mighty
rocks gave way and the roots of a
gigantic mountain crumbled before
the advance ot human skill. At
various points along the pass there
Is an eighteen inch concrete wall
lining. .
During his recent trip to Western
Canada, Lord Shaughnessy. accompanied by Chief Engineer Sullivan,
took a tour through tha tunnel.
JLerd  Shaughneiij  was  well  pleas-
one side of the track. It is expected that the formal opening will take
place during the first days of December. Since Us inception the
C.P.R., it is reckoned, has spent
over J200.000.000 In the development of the West. The latest expenditure is as popular as any that
had previously been made.
When His Royal Highness the
Duke of Connaught and party took
* trip through the tunnel on July
17th, the Duke expressed in eo-
quent  words    the    gratification  tt
nM$\ .  ,,......
    T- _  ]
gave him to be associated with the
pioneer work of the Canadian Pacific, and he complimented tin;
company on the splendid stritiea
it was making in the development
of lhe country. Then His Royal
Highness, baptising the new work,
christened It the Selkirk Tunnel.
Some weeks later, at tho request of
Lord Shaughnessy, His Royal Highness consented to have the tunnel
called after him. Henceforth it is
to be named the "Ccnnfi^'t Tunnel," a fitting compliment*-' to the
excellent services which the Duke
of Con .aught gave to the Dominion
during his term as Governor-General.
.to.
V'
j. mmmm
EIGHT
We
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 18. vm
WM. DICK LIMITED
OVERCOATS
The style you want at a price you
are glad to pay; $15, $20, $25,
and upwards to $40.    ....
GREATER VALUES IN SUITS at $16.50
BETTER SUITS AT $20, $25, $30, and $35
CALL AND INSPECT OUR MAMMOTH STOCK
WM. DICK, Ltd.
33���47���49 HASTINGS ST. E., VANCOUVER
r
Nabob
i
.-*$*} 3"- * ,
'#(*t^'V*
COFFE^
NABOB
Pure Food Products
���are all manufactured here In  llritish Columbia under the most perfect sanitary condition*
;=���________=��� ���in   surroundings   clean   and   bright  and   with
abundance of fresh air and sunshine.    ���
Tlie STANDARD of NABOB PRODUCTS has been set high���
the manufacturers ore determined to MAINTAIN THIS STANDARD AT AM. COSTS.
High quality makes NABOB PRODUCTS popular In thousands
of llritish Columbia homes.
Just a mention of a few of this healthy, flourishing family���
NABOB COFFEE��� NABOB TEA���NABOB BAKING POWDER-
NABOB EXTRACTS���NABOB SPICES���NABOB JELLY POWDER,
etc., etc.
There's a hint here of preparations for Christmas.
Specify NABOB to your Grocer In your next order.
READY
TO SERVE
Your light glows at the touch of a switch.
Behind the glow there is a system that is
ready to serve at a moment's notice.
Wires, poles, transformers, sub - stations,
high tension lines, auxiliary plants, power stations, hydro-electric works, are always ready for
your command.
Whether you use one killowatt or one hundred, equipment for supplying the maximum
possible demand is maintained.
Service, 24 Hours a Day
GRM*D
TRUNK
���..-.TCM
RAIL TICKETS TO ALL POINTS
General Agency Transatlantic Steamahlp Lines
C E. Jenney, Q. A. P. D.
Phon.i Sey. Iti4
W. 0. Connolly, C. P. T.
m Ona-llk. Un*
(Continued   from   last   week).
The state of the country prior to
the repeal of the corn laws is well
illustrated by the writers I have already quoted. There was the greatest -destitution among the working
classes, who were oti the brink bf
starvation, and in a condition more
degrading than savages. Magna
Charta had no freedom for them.
Able bodied men unable to control
the pangs of hunger and seeing their
wives and families in starvation actually committed suicide. Parliament
was almost entirely composed of the
land owning class. Less than 15,000
people own the whole land of the Un
ited Kingdom, and in the first chap
ter of this book I have told you how
they obtained their privileges, the
common people were unrepresented.
The 1832 Reform Bi.l only enfranchised free holders and wealthy men.
The manufacturers, ho.vevdr, must
j have strong men in their coal and iron
mines and in shipbuilding yards. Food
is the raw material of life, it was the
,: manufacturers, therefor, who first
formed the anti-corn law league at
thc City of Manchester in the year
| 1841. Cobden and ��� Bright, although
not the first members of the league,
T>ecame afterwards the most prominent on account of the Apostolic nature of their mission. Mr. Bright relates how that Mr. Cobden called
upon him in the late autumn of 1841,
when he was in thc very depths of despair on account of the death of his
wife, and how that he had made a
resolution that he would stump the
country with Mr. Cobden and
that they would never rest
until the corn laws were repealed, because there were thousands of
the wives and mothers of England
dying for lack of bread, tlieir task
was a colossal one. They were met
at thc very threshold by the opposition of all the forces of wealth and
privilege. They were met by the nobility and all the other landlords who
told them that they could take all
their factories out of the country.
They stated that the league was ruining the country and that if they allowed in the grain* free the land of
England would not he worth the cultivation and they made the farmers
believe that their occupation would
be gone. The farmers were thc most
determined opponents of free trade at
first, because of their ignorance. After they had mastered the principles
of free trade and knew their own
position in the matter, they became
enthusiastic supporters. Mr. Cobden
did not find the same difficulty with
the Scotch farmers, who were better
educated than their English brethren.
They knew that if thc price of corn
fell rents would also fall, and that if
bread was cheap, it would relieve the
destitution of the working classes.'
The nobility replied that they could
not keep up the position of a gentleman if rents were reduced. In France
they have 8,00^,000 peasant proprietors, the richest and most contented
agriculturalists of the whole world;
if thc l'nited Kingdom and thc same
proportion as France there would be
y.OOO.OOO peasant proprietors, We
might not, of course, have the stately
homes of England, with thc nobility
and gentry living off thc country,
neither would we have the cottage
homes of England, these wretched
thatched hovels in which our working
population vegetate and die, but wc
would have in the place 9.000,000 commodious sanitary homes, the abode
of at least 30,000,000 of a contented
and happy people, the pride of Britain as it now is of France. Consider
what thc economic value of 30.000,-
000 people would be when settled on
the land, and the auxiliary trades and
professions  that would spring up to'
cater for tlieir wants. The country
under such a system would produce
twice as much as it docs under the
present system and the country would
be almost self-supporting; tliere
would bc no fear of blockading food
out of the country during the time
.of war. All this revolution could
Ue accomplished without the shedding
of one drop of human blood, and unlike the French revolution. In the
first place you would have to abolish
the laws of primogeniture and, entail,
vvhich would make the estates divisible at the death of the present proprietors among the whole of his family. A law should also be passed
similar to that in New-Zealand, which
forbids a proprietor to hold more
than lcjO acres of land. The single
tax should be levied on all land held
by a proprietor of more than 160
acres, in addition to the ordinary taxation, and matters would be effectually remedied in time. There would
be no need of buying out the present
proprietors if the unjust privileges
which the landlords acquired when
the people had no voice in the management of the country were abolished.
The Anti-Corn Law League was
opposed by the whole English press,
especially by the London TIMES,
which has been against every reform
for the good of the people. They
stated that Cobden and Bright were
undermining the principles of the
Constitution and creating revolution
and dissatisfaction in the country.
The established church was also a-
gainst him asserting that the most
fundamental maxims of the Constitution had been trampled under foot.
The distress in the country was terrible, but the salaries of the clergy
were fixed by the price of corn, and
if foreign corn was admitted into the
country,, the price would! naturally
fall, and they would have smaller
stipends. It did not matter how poor
people lived, so long as stipends were
right and the whole interests of the
church was against thc abolition of
the Corn Laws, and the League with
ils leaders, Cobden and Bright, had a
hard'battle before the final victory
was won. Logic and common sense
prevailed. Mr. Bright said, "They
were joined by hundreds and then by
countless thousands, and famine, a-
gainst whom they had warred, joined
them. A great minister became converted and minorities became majorities,
-.     _ ._-
The Corn Laws were repealed in
1846, and the economic changes which
have since taken place are enormous.
British exports in 1846, tlie year in
which the Com Laws were repealed,
amounted to $58,000,000, and in 1913
they amounted to $634,820,326. The
imports in 1854, $152,fKX"),000, and in
1913, $768,734,739. There is no country has had such an expansion of
business during this period in proportion to extent and population as
tlie United Kingdom. Critics say that
wc must be wasting our money, as tlic
imports exceed the exports by $133,-
914,413. but this proves that we must
be making a very good bargain, as
imports have to be paid for by exports, and the expense of carriage,
$9O.lX.0,000 and interest, $1(XMX)0,000
on foreign Investments have to be added. 11 arises in this way, thc imports arc entered plus the carriage,
and exports at their net value. If
Great Britain, for instance, takes say
50,000 of manufactured goods to Sweden, the Swedes have to pay thc price
of carriage, say $2000, the Swedes pay
for these manufactured goods and the
carriage by giving the shipper say
$52,000 of timber, the carriage of the
timber has to be added to thc price
on the ship entering the United King-
fl For PRINTING - THE STANDARD ��� Sey. 47,0 ,fl
UNION STEAMSHIP CO. of B.C. Limited
TUB   BRITISH   COLUMBIA   COAST   HAS   BEEN   DESCRIBED
AS THE EIGHTH WONDER OF THE WORLD
A VOYAGE
"North by West in the Sunlight"
IN ONE OF OUR
Eight Vessels "8" in Regular Service
WILL HELP YOU TO REALISE THIS TRUTH
Apply to our Publicity Department for brochures "Outward Bound"
and "North by West In tbe Sunlight," and particulars on Special Fares,
Hotel Accommodation and Tariff*, eta
Head Office* and Wharfi UNION DOCK, FOOT OF CARRALL ��l'H___rr
Taka Car to Columbia A. enua Phone Seymour 101
dom, say $20(��l. 'The export cargo
oi manufactured Roods left Great
liritaii; 50,00ft anl ihc import;, was
entered at 5-UXK) bf timber, that is
one  of the  re:i.-ons   uliy   the   import's
appc-ir 10-be so mtich larger than the
**
export*;.
Another way of {showing; the nrc;it
hconotmi&V advaniges of free trade
is by a reference to income lax. lu
the year 1X69 the Whole property liable to income tax was, 39_$,7y4,(KX.. and
under schedule D, Jhat is from trades,
j business, and professions, it amounted
to 173,654,000. In the year 1914 the
whole amount of property on which
tax was levied amounted to 1,167,-
184.229, antl on trades and professions under schedale ,0 it amouniei.
to 6670,633,544. The gross inceme is
three times greater in thc period of
45 years, and that! under schedule D
is nearly four tinfes greater, a truly
wonderful expansion in cSo��� 'sh'o.t a
period.    Shipping -and   navigation  in
1846 amounted to i     steam and
sailing vessels; in] 1914 it amounted
to 12,415,304 tons bteam, anil 793,567-
sailing vessels, whin we bear in mind
that one ton of steam is at least wQrth
three tons of sailing vessels, it can
be seen how enormous is the increase. It is equa| to the tonnage of
the rest of the wjorld put together.
The number of steam vessels are
21t065, and sailing Vessels 8203. ' One
would think that .he United States,
with all its vast internal resources,
would, far surpass a small country like
the United Kingdom; but the States
have still clung to protection, and
by navigation laws she has restricted
the country traffic to her own ships,
which has prevented the development
of her shipping, and the consequence
is that thc most of the foreign trade
of the United States is carried on
by British ships. They can buy thc
raw material and accessories of the
Singer Sewing machine, in the United States, take it home, land it duty
free, and complete the manufacture
of it, then send it all over thc world
under the advantage of the most favored nation clause, and compete successfully with America in the markets
of the world.
From the language of protectionists one would fancy that the United
Kingdom was boycotted by all other
nations of the world, whereas the reverse is the case. The United Kingdom can trade with better advantage
than any other nation, on account of
the most favored nation clause, which
grants her the lowest tariff and better treatment than any other nation,
by virtue of commercial treaties,
which they have been able to negotiate ou account of their free trade
policy. If Sweden, for instance, negotiates a law rate of duty with Norway or say France with Italy, they
are bound to communicate the same
to the United Kingdom.' For instance, if France lowers her rate of
duty on some articles to Italy to say
10 per cent., she is at once bound
to allow the United Kingdom to import goods into France on thc same
condition as Italy, so that the United
Kingdom gets a corresponding advantage from every nation of the
world. She admits the goods of other
nations free, but then she has an advantage over every nation from the
fact that they give her from thc various articles they export thc lowest
rate of duty chargeable by them, by
virtue of tlie most favored nation
clause. The United Kingdom can
buy goods in France and send them
to Italy, and sell them there cheaper
than thc French can do for tlie same
kind of goods, and make a profit.
Portugal, for instance, is a country
which has hardly any shipping, on
account of her high protective tariff,
and she finds it cheaper to have thc
goods conveyed in British ships, because there is less custom duty lor
the feoods so conveyed^ when entering a foreign harbor. For to give
an illustration, a Portuguese ship carrying goods to Sweden might have to
pay $100 per cent, Portugal being a
highly protective ^country. Sweden
would retaliate with the same, or perhaps higher rate of duty than Portugal, but if the goods are conveyed in
British ships, it is held as British
merchandise, and Sweden is bound to
allow a British ship to enter Sweden
with goods it may be at 20 per cent,
thus saving 80 per cent, not to speak
of the fact that Great Britain has
t}lone the carrying and earned! the
freight. This accounts for the predominance of British shipping over
all other shipping.
Another aspect worthy of notice
is that notwithstanding the price of
wheat and all other cereals being
cheaper,* there is as much use of the
land taken as ever. The difference
being that on account of the improved condition of the people, there is
a greater consumption *��� t>f butchft
meat, and, of course, there is more
land in  permanent  pasture  and  tur-
1
nips. Instead of rentals having fallen since 1846. they have actually ris,-
cn, and there is now a degree oi c iA-
fint which has not before attatnabjb.
The average wages in the United
Kingdom per week it 39s.; United
States. 72s.; Germany, 25s.; aim
France, 29s., so tliat even protectionist France and Germany does not pay
the same rate of wages. The tfagu
in Great Britain are one third tuor.i
than Germany, and as Britain is frdc
trade, the workman can' get moijc
for his money. The above figures a(e
averages Tor a number of si.nil.ir
trades in above countries, and are ap-
pro*rmstely*corrc"(1. ' '
A proposal was made by the laie
r. Josvpli Chamhfrkin ibn tlicie
should'b'e free trade' within'the Fii-
pire, but if this is to be obtained I: y
complicated tariffs on other nation;,
it wwild cause a great deal offrii-
tion, and excite their hostility, anil
check imports. All tlie trade which
Gi*eat Britain gc't's from the Colonh s
is not much more than one tenth < f
what sly: gets from, foreign nation i,
and ' from India, and] 'consfequentlv ft
Great'Britain cottld not. give up. th s
trade for the sake of the colonie;,
with the risk of loosing "India. Theie
can be no doubt that Great Britai l
holds India toddy on account of ther
free trade policy in allowing slvips (f
all nations to enter their great depet -
dency on the same terms and cond -
tions as do their own ships, and. that
a policy of restrictions, and prohibitions, would only have excited their
hostility and jealousy, and provoked
reprisals and led to war. It is unfair
to tax thc food of 45 millions for thc
sake of the Colonies, who pay nothing for Imperial taxation, and it is
unfair of the Colonies to ask the 019-
thcr country to do so. The people
in the Colonies are far abler to pay
taxes than the United Kingdom. They
do not supply more than one-eighth
part of the wheat that comes into the
United Kingdom. Canada supplies
14 milion bushels, and if she is to
limit her market to the Canadian supply, she would bc raising to her own
people without a corresponding advantage to Canada.
(Continued next week).
WANTED ��� PUBLIC SCHOOL
graduates or high school students to
take shorthand or business courses
and pay for same from salary earned
after graduation. Only a limited
number accepted on this plan. Apply
at once in own handwriting to
Success Business College, Vancouver, B. C.
WATER   NOTICE
(DIVERSION* AND I'HE).
TAKE NOTICE that Robert George
Johnston, Whose address is Inverness Post Office, Skeena ltiver.
B. C, will apply for a license to take
and use 20 miner's Inches of water out
nf nn unnamed stream which flowt.
E.isterly (N.E. and S.E.I nnd drains
Into Schooner Pass, River's Inlet,
through tlic land covered hy .V. r.
Marchant's iippllcntlon for u lease on
the northerly shore Of Schooner Pass,
about three-quarters of a mile northerly from the north end of Pendleton
Island. The water will ho diverted
from the stream at n point about twenty-two chains enst of the S.W. Corner
of L. 806, R. II, Const District, and will
he used for steam und miscellaneous
purposes upon the land described In
W P. Mnrehant's application for a
lease-. This notice was posted on the
ground on the fill) duy of November,
lfilti. A copy of Ihis notice and nn
application pursuant thereto nnd to the
"Writer Act. inn." will be filed In the
office of the Water ilocorder nt Vun-
i ver. II. C. Objections lo lhe application may be filed with Ihe snld
Water Recorder or with the Comptroller of Water nights, l'arlinmenl Buildings, Victoria. H. <*., within thirty
days after tho first appearance of this
notice in n local newspaper.
The dnte of tho first publication or
this   notice   Is   November   lJ-th,   1011!.
It. tl. JOHNSTON, Applicant.
By C. H. Ellueott, Agent.
"SAKK I'Oll  IMBIK8"
Clrnn,   Frenh,   Sou-Vim    Milk    l��
Ihe  Cheap*-*!   "nil   MoMt   Nourish
lim Food  Vou enn nuj-.
Phone  I'nlr.  202.
The Higher Cost
of Living���
is proving a hardship In a great
many homes���especially where
there are young babies and
growing: children.
Housewives and breadwinners
are put up to a severe tost���and
right at the time when youngsters need plenty of nourishment.
Many wise mothers arc depending more and more on Sou-
Vjin milk than ever before.
Here Is a real, wholesome
body-building and flesh-forming
food that doctors recommend.
Here's a food tli fit would be
cheap even at 20c a quart If
compared with thc cost of such
Items as eggs, oysters, prime
beef, fresh pork, codfish, ham
and chicken. In the quantities
that contain equal nourishment
to  a  quart  of  Sou-Van  Milk.
Give the kiddies lots of Son-
Van Milk ��� make them more
milk puddings���let them drink
Sou-Vnn Milk at meals.
Phone Fair. 2624 and increase
your supply���or ask for trial
bottle. Try also Son-Van Cream,
10c bottle.
SOU-VAN MILK
(Sooth  Vanrovver  Milk  Co.)
-DT1I    AVr..   and    FRASER    ST.
If For PRINTING ��� THE STANDARD ��� Sey. 470 fl

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