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The Standard Sep 9, 1916

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Array Vol. V, No. 19���Established 1911
VANCOUVER,   B.C.,   SATURDAY,   SEPTEMBER  9,   1916
Price Five Cents
Is Political and Moral
Humbug to Prevail?
The Elections of September 14 will decide
whether British Columbia is to wallow in
the mire of political patronage or blaze
the trail for honest politics throughout
Canada.
*- v
Mr. Bowser says "It is necessary to grease
the palm of an Indian" and that patronage
cannot be got rid of���Mr. Charles Hughes,
candidate for the Presidency of the United
States, says that patronage can be eliminated from politics.   Which is right?
the trend of public opinion, and they are proved by thc
new book of Prince von Buelow, who enlightens his own
people as to the position the United States will occupy
after the war. Tbis may seem to have nothing to do with
our own political situation. It is only mentioned to give
a clearer view of thc issues at stake in British Columbia
and why these articles have clung to the belief that these
issues are based on idealism as against sheer political materialism.    Thc old type of politicians may scoff at any
figureheads, dummies
their adherence to e'
does.
who cling to office solely through
cry-thing   Premier   Bowser   says  of
DOMINION CONDITIONS
Thus, as far as the Dominion Government is concerned,
Conservatives need have no fear whatever. In fact it is
quite possible that if Premier Bowser is defeated, the
Hon. Martin Burrell, Minister of Agriculture in the Dom-
BOWSER STANDS FOR PATRONAGE
AND SELF-INTEREST IN POLITICS
THIS is the final article of the series which has been
written in an endeavor to put the political issue which
will be decided next Thursday, September 14, fairly
before such of the electorate as can be reached through
these columns. The articles have analysed the legislation
of the last session ol the Provincial Legislature. They
have also tried to show the real cause of our troubles and
the reason for the bitter fight which is now being concluded between the premier and his henchmen and those
who oppose him. The support accorded the Liberal party
in these columns is based on the belief that thc leader of I
that party is perfectly honest and has the power, if he is
returned, to insist on his .ministers being honest, That
the issue at stake is not one of policy, as may be defined
by the words liberal or conservative, but is one of personal honesty has been emphasised. It has been proved
time and again by the speeches of thc Premier himself
that his conception of government and politics is totally-
different to that of the ordinary individual whose sole
interest in political matters rests on the rather vague belief that if he chooses a man marked by a political label
lie is choosing the best man. The present issue is not political at all. It is essentially moral. It is a fight of the right
against the wrong, the fight of the interest of the community against the self-interest of cliques. Not for one
moment is it suggested that the Liberal party is entirely
free from self-interest. If the Liberals obtain a majority,
no doubt there will be the usual horde of office seekers
hanging round the government buildings at Victoria. But
it is believed tliat Mr. Brewster will now allow his government to be made subservient to purely political considerations, that he will not prostitute his office to his
personal interest. It is largely a matter of leadership
and the Liberal party is led by Mr. Brewster and Mr.
Ralph Smith. Both of them are honest, both of them are
unlikely to allow any public office to be used for personal
advantage.
THE SNARE OF THE FOWLER
It is absolutely necessary to distinguish between the
old and the new Liberal party. The provincial party
which for years called itself Liberal, was finally and de-
finitey obliterated when Mr. George Cowan vvas returned
to the Dominion Parliament as Conservative member
some eight years ago. The individuals composing that
party, those who controlled it through the treasury or
.patronage, have been swept aside. Not one of them is
a candidate at thc present election, and not one has been
taking an active part in the campaign as far as public
meetings are concerned. That the old ideas still prevail
vvith that section of the party is quite possible, but those
ideas are not represented by any of the candidates now
asking for the votes of the public. Those candidates
realise that between the old and the new there is a grcat
gulf fixed and it is absolutely certain that at any rate for
some considerable time, if the Liberal party is returned to
power that gulf will remain fixed and not bridged by any
attempt to restore old conditions. The Conservative party
is tied down to its old ideas regarding politics. The premier of the party, the Hon. W. J. Bowser, belongs to the
old school of politician who has flourished for a considerable number of years in Canada, but whose future is
most insecure. The Great War has probably sealed the
fate of that type for years to come. Canada in fact has
passed through the fire of sacrifice and has learnt that a
nation cannot grow great and prosperous unless it is
politically honest. At least that is the underlying belief
which has prompted all these articles. They have been
founded on faith in our future. They have been inspired
by the idea that humbug of any kind, whether political or
moral, cannot finally prevail. Briefly it is believed that
the Great War has cleared the path of humbug, and that
for some time to come the sacrifices caused by that war
will keep the feet of the people steadily on the broad
sues of life and prevent them being caught in the snares
of the political fowler.
IDEALISM VERSUS MATERIALISM
The Great War is a war of idealism against sheer mat
erialism. However confused the causes which led to the
war, it has finally developed quite clearly into a fight between a nation which offered no ideals at all as the result
of its victory and nations which preserved the old ideal
of liberty. The basic inspiration of the Allies is political
freedom. They refuse to be crushed by a political bully
backed by the greatest military machine the world has
ever seen. The effect has bceii far reaching, and at length
has permeated thc whole world. It at least has made people think. No country in this world has escaped the effects of the war to such a degree as the United States.
No country has suffered less, no country has gained more
materially. But morally it has lost and by its endeavor
to stand facing all ways, it bas lost the respect not only
of thc Allies, but of Germany. There is, no need to go
into details.    They are plain to' anyone**who has followed
/
w
MR. MALCOLM ARCHIBALD   MACDONALD, M.P.P.
HERE is a man whose character has in the past few months been placed under the acid test and found to be
without alloy.   He has been the target for the gunmen   of  the   government   party.     They  have   hounded  him,
blackmailed  him, and endeavored to intimidate  him by all thc means known to machine politicians.
Throughout Macdonald has not wavered nor lost courage.   Today he stands before the people of British Columbia as valiant a champion of democracy as has  appeared in this Province.
such  thing.    They  may aver  that  human  nature
will bc human nature, and that politics are only i
game and that no one takes them seriously.     Tli
dint- to the cry, "To thc victor belongs the spoil
political spoils divided by party patronage, a thing which
Premier Bowser says cannot be got rid of. The opportunity which is presented by these elections is to prove to
the politicians that idealism still prevails, that there is
something fine in political issues; that even politics can
be played honestly, and that the polticians must play the
game if they desire to survive at any election.
PLAY THE GAME
The reason why these articles have supported thc Liberals is essentially not political. They have to tried to
show that the opportunity is given by the provincial elections of proving that British Columbians have ideals and
vision; that they cannot bc tricked like a lot of children;
that they are not going to stand for the sort of thing
Premier Bowser defends; that they do not care what precedents are quoted in excuse, for they have their own
conception of what is honest and what is not honest and
that they are determined their government shall "play
the game." There are a great many Conservatives who
fear that if the Liberals win the provincial election they
may also win the federal elections. It cannot be too
strongly emphasised that the provincial elections in this
case have nothing whatever to do with federal issues or
politics. There are hundreds of good Conservatives supporting the Liberals in order to get rid of party patronage
and they realise perfectly well that the result of the provincial election will not give the slightest indication of
the result of the next federal election. That election will
be fought out on entirely different issues. Yet is it not
almost certain that the result of the provincial elections,
if a win for the Liberals, will cause the Conservatives at
Ottawa to inquire into the cause of the Conservative defeat? Anyone with real knowledge of politics in British
Columbia will be able to answer that inquiry with ease.
The provincial election is largely a personal issue. It
is the sentiment of the people against the Premier and Attorney-general of a province holding office and making
use of that office to forward his own personal law interests and bis own party patronage. That is the issue. No
one for one moment imagines that the.election turns upon
whether Messrs. Ross. Taylor, Manson or any "ther ministers   are   competent.     Kveryonc   knows   they  arc   mere
always   inion Government and one of the British Columbia mem-
great  hers,  will return  here  to  lead the  Conservatives.    Surely
still   it is only common sense.    Premier Sir Robert Borden has
ami   certain conditions to face.    Briefly, they are these:
The elections in  British Columbia.
The result of the  Manitoba scandal.
The unpopularity of Sir Sam Hughes.
The situation  in  Quebec regarding recruiting.
Sir Robert  Borden has more than once shown  that he
has a certain amount of intuition.    Now there is nothing
more   valuable   to   the   politician   than   intuition,   a   quick
judgment of psychology.    The political psychologist considering these conditions might make certain preparations
to meet them.    He might review the situation and sum it
up  as   follows.     The   elections   in   British   Columbia,   the
! result of which    while not certain, may eventuate  in  the
defeat of the Conservative party, and above all in the
defeat of the premier who is leading that party, namely,
the Hon. W. J. Bowser. The cause of that defeat in a
very British community, in fact the most British community of any in Canada, at such a time as the present, must
be due to something more than party issues. It must be
due to the personality of the premier or his political
ideals. Well informed British Columbians who are Conservatives, state that the defeat is due to the exercise of
patronage. Well, that is worth noting especially in view
of the defeat of the Roblin government in Manitoba and
the result of the parliament building scandal. Conditions
in that province, which is sentimentally uy all Canada considered the peculiar property of the Hon. Robert Rogers.
Minister of Public Works, who is looked on as a man of
the world, genuial, delightful, but the soul of the Conservative political machine, and who is suspected of having some
knowledge regarding the scandal, entails consideration.
BOB ROGERS AND SAM HUGHES
In British Columbia patronage defeated the party, in
Manitoba patronage brought about one of the greatest
scandals in Canadian political life and one which shakes
thc position of the greatest political manipulator in all
Canada, or at least one who is popularly credited with
being thc mainstay and thc dispenser of patronage. The
unpopularity of Sir Sam Hughes is not only owing to his
inability tn behave like a gentleman and speak as one,
but lo his 'dispensation of honorary colonelcies, his extraordinary lack of tact, liis blatant self-advertisement,
his assunq tion of military qualities which.he .utterly, lacks.
He may bc perfectly honest, but his pertinacity in sticking to the Ross rifle after the Imperial military authorities had discarded it. has left a bad impression in the minds
of people. Then too, latterly, his unpopularity seems to
have come to a head while he has been in England. He
says he wants to be at the front���well, perhaps it may be
tactful to allow him to have his wish. But the plain point
is that Sir Sam is tbe old type of politician who believes
in patronage.   That is the matter in a nutshell.
As for Quebec���it plainly needs a strong hand and unless that hand is held up by French-Canadians themselves,
the government may have a hard time. What more natural than to reconstitute the cabinet, get rid of the Hon.
Robert Rogers and Sir Sam, both of whom are now a great
weakness, send the Hon. Martin Buprrell out to British
Columbia, where his personal integrity is so well known
and his popularity so great, and discard the Hon. Frank
Cochrane, whose position seems to have been compromised by the nickel business. If these ministers are replaced
by men of the type of Sir William White, in fact by the
new type of politician. Sir Robert Borden's position would
be immensely strengthened.
BUSINESS AND GOVERNMENT
That is a general and rough survey of the political situation as it might strike the psychologist. It need not necessarily be accurate but it is at least reasonable. The
provincial elections then may have a very great effect
on federal politics, but, as has been said, they will not
affect policies. They may prove the way the wind is blowing and the determination of the people to get rid of patronage.
That is why these articles have insisted on thrusting
the issue squarely up to Premier Bowser and his henchmen. They represent something which must disappear
from our national life if we are to prosper. They represent an element which is wholly and entirely at varriar.ee
with tin- instinctive ideal of "playing the game." Business
must be able to lay its case fairly before the government
and be assured of a square deal on the merits of the business it brings forward. There must be some sort of ideal
in politics. They must not be based solely on the sordid.
When certain business may be proposed it must not be
judged on the number of votes affected by that business.
Legislation must not be drafted with the idea of obtaining
the support of this or that interest. The business man
confronted with the present situation can only hesitate
before he commits himself. It may be to the interest of
this or that corporation to obtain certain concessions from
the government, but it is not a corporation or two. but
hundreds of business individuals, which have to do business on the foundations laid by the government. If those
foundations have always first of all to be cemented by the
swill of patronage, then there is no hope of stability, because foundations of business which depend 'for their success on patronage are building on shifting sands. We
want to get rid of politics in business and until we do we
cannot prosper. The record of the Pacific Great Eastern
Railway and the government is an excellent illustration
of politics in business and how patronage plays havoc with
public interests.
THE CHURCH AND HONESTY
Premier Bowser stands for politics in everything. He
says himself that patronage is necessary and that Mr.
Brewster cannot do away with it. He believes in politics
in the school board, in the sewerage board, in the license
board. He may be quite sincere in this belief, but surely
sincerity of this sort is not worthy of admiration. It
passes perhaps for frankness or for a freedom which does
not fear criticism. But because Mr. Bowser believes in'
this sort of thing is British Columbia to endorse it just
because the premier asks that favor? Because Mr. Bowser says wrong is right are we all to bow down and believe him? Yet here is a spectacle like that of the Reverend Mr. Boulton endorsing everything which Mr. Bowser does. He talks of morality and the influence of the
church on political life. He asks for the suffrage Of the
people on the ground that his cloth will lend a more, respectable tone to the legislative assembly. At the same
time he defends thc dishonesty of his leader���or rather
he ignores it���over the Dominion Trust affair and the
Pacific Great Eastern Railway. If ihe Reverend Mr.
Boulton does not call that sort of thing dishonest, what
does he call dishonest? The reverend gentlemen may not
be of much account, but he accords the premier his hearty
support and apparently classes all the opponents of the
premier as "swine." Well, even a pig might hesitate before wallowing in the sort of muck our premier regards
with perfect complacency. Does the Reverend Mr. Boulton approve in "greasing the palm of an Indian." Does
he believe it to be necessary. Premier Bowser does and
says so. In other words, he considers bribery a necessity
in the sty of political patronage.
THAT PLUGGING CONSPIRACY
Does the reverend gentleman associate himself with
John Sullivan and Monty White the real "heroes" of the
whole plugging conspiracy? Mr. Bowser does, although
he very carefully refrains from mentioning them and the
use he made of them in his endeavor to "fix" Mr. Macdonald. Does the reverend gentleman approve of the
government paying the expenses of the jail birds and
thugs from Seattle wdio were brought up to blacken the
character of the successful Liberal candidate? Does he
approve of the immunity given to these same men and
the immuity refused to John Scott, whom the premier
constantly avers was paid and instructed by* Mr. Macdonald. Does he approve of the premier reiterating again
and again that Mr. Macdonald was guilty of the plugging
and paid for it when he knows perfectly well that Mr. Macdonald had not the wherewithal in cash to carry out any
such conspiracy. Mr. Bowser shrieks with indignation
that the Liberals should suggest that he knows a good
deal more regarding the activities of the pluggers and who
really paid them than he ever states. Yet he asserts that
he did not arrest Mr. Macdonald because be had no evidence, and yet he constantly and carefully details such
evidence as suits his purpose. He asks his audiences to
perceive how stupid it would have been of him to bring
up pluggers to vote against Mr. Tisdall. but does not
state, what he knows perfectly well, that the pluggers
could not have cast more than 100 votes, if that, and that
they were almost certainly distributed fairly evenly between.the two candidates, lie ignores the ,evidei"ce oi
one of those pluggers which stated that he voteSPWt the
������ TWO
THE  STANDARD
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1916
3ty? ^fanimrfc
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wet candidate and that Mr. Sullivan's wet candidate was
none other than Mr. Tisdall���who was really quite ignorant of the fact. In fact .Mr. Bowser ignores everything
which came out in Mr. Macdonald's favor, which proved
that thc conspiracy was entirely outside both political
parties, and that Scott was used by the "conspirators" to
obtain some easy money which was lying around. Let
Mr. Bowser state how much it cost the Conservative party to "uncover" the conspiracy. How much was paid Sullivan, for instance?
However, these are merely details of the methods pursued by Mr. Bowser and thoroughly believed in by him.
The final decision is now in the hands of the electorate
and on that decision depends the Turning Point in politics
throughout the Dominion. This is quite clear, Will British Columbia decide to pursue the old paths of political
patronage and depend for the future on business obtained
solely through party politics, or will her people decide to
allow other men a chance to blaze the new trail. There
are, of course, thousands of people who cannot see this
issue clearly. They cannot conceive of the old order being changed for the new. They are still thinking on the
old lines which were prevalent before the cataclysm of
the war shook the whole world to its foundations. They
do not deny that Mr. Bowser believes in political patronage, that he makes use of his political position to forward
his personal interests, that he pockets fees from both
sides, but they assert that the Liberals will do the same
and that at any rate it is always done and always will be
done. The writer of these articles does not believe such
things always will be done. He believes it is possible to
raise a higher standard of political morality. He believes
that the old type of politicians are making a great mistake
and that they have missed a splendid opportunity. A little courage, a little clearer vision would have made the
issues at this election entirely different. But Mr. Bowser
has proved his utter lack of vision, has shown himself
hidebound to old traditions, has ignored public sentiment
in his efforts to cling to office. Can any single one of
Mr. Bowser's most fervent admirers imagine him holding
to a principle-and resigning sooner "than do something
which he believed to be wrong. Can any single Conservative imagine Mr. Bowser holding to the political standards of a Tatlow or Fulton? That is the issue now before the people. ,
A RIDICULOUS FIGURE
For in the final solution of all political, social or moral
problems that is the acid test.   The man who has principles and honest beliefs will far sooner lose political power
than lose his self-respect.   There are those who seem to
think that politics are different, that they excuse much
which  would not  be  excused  otherwise.    They do  not
perceive the extraordinary situation which has arisen in
the United States, where two men entirely free from political  "bosses"  are  contesting for  the  presidency.    Mr.
Hughes, the Republican nominee, is hated by all the old
"bpsses" of the party which had to nominate him because
the people insisted upon it.   He was their only choice and
they made it without enthusiasm and without any desire
to obey the demand of the people.    And the very first
thing Mr. Hughes does is to attack Mr. Wilson for having clung to the spoils system in his distribution of office.    He states that he believed Mr. Wilson above that
sort of thing and that if he is elected president, he will
follow the lines he laid down at the time he was governor
of New York State and abolish patronage.   Mr. Hughes
believes it can be done in the United States, but Mr. Bowser states it cannot be done in  British  Columbia.    Mr.
Hughes says that if he is elected "the scratch my back and
I will scratch yours" type of business in politics will have
to go.     Mr. Bowser states that "it is necessary to grease
the palm of an Indian."   And yet Mr. Bowser lays claim
to being a statesman.    It is ridiculous���it is more than
that, it is extraordinary that anyone should take him seriously.    For,  truth to tell, when  the clouds of political
controversy clear away, surely this bombastic little man
does cut a most laughable figure rushing round the country with his tittle tattle of "plugging" at times like these.
And this is the leader of what is called the Conservative party.   Was there ever a more impudent assumption
of an honored name?    Conservative���good heavens, and
behold the Prohibition Bill.   No question of personal conviction, no principles regarding the liquor traffic which
could not be changed the moment he considered the demand for prohibition  threatened  his  personal  interests.
Instead of refusing to draft a bill and answering the demand for liquor reform by sane legislation along the lines
���every experience has proved to be right, he drafts a most
insane bill which would do credit to that remarkable American city whose aldermen actually passed a bylaw to
prohibit barbers from eating onions.     Has Mr.   Bowser
attempted   in   any   one   of   his   speeches   to   support
the bill he drew   up.     No.    He    says    it   was    drawn
up to satisfy the demand of the prohibitionists and puts
the ex-dentist McGuire in the ministry of education as a
bribe  to  the prohibition vote.      Is that statesmanlike?
What sort of education or training has Mr. McGuire ever
had to fit him for the post of provincial secretary and
, minister of education?   That is the spoils system practically illustrated.    Never mind whether the principle of
prohibition  is  right or wrong���surely  the  principle  of
political appointments as made manifest by Mr. Bowser is
wrong, utterly and irretrievably wrong, and proves that he
is not a strong but a very weak man.   Among all the Conservative members, who would the ordinary man in the
street have chosen for the ministry of finance?   There was
one man at any rate was supposed to have some experi
ence and at one time was hailed as a coming banking genius. That man was Mr. L. Shatford of the Similkameen.
He resigned from the Bank of Vancouver because he did
not approve of the methods pursued. He had the courage
of his convictions. But because he had that courage Mr.
Bowser refused to make him a minister. He was too independent, he would not answer Mr. Bowser's whistle,
or be chained to his chariot.
So the people must decide. They may not have studied
the legislation passed at the last session with any great
care. They may have taken much for granted and believed just what the partisan press has wished them to
believe. The Liberal party has, as a party, labored under
the grave disadvantage of having no really influential
newspaper to back it up. But for all that it looks as if
the Liberals would win not on their own merits so much
as on thc demerits of their opponents. The appalling
blunders made by Mr. Bowser in welcoming such men
as Thomas Duke and Price Ellison back into the fold
is really too gross for even the most hidebound Conservative to stomach. Imagine Mr. Thomas,, Duke, who is
simply relying on the Orange vote which he surely can
hardly obtain, being allowed to remain on the Conservative ticket for the city of Vancouver after thc characterization given him by one of the judges. Imagine Mr. Price
Ellison daring to run in the Okanagan. At any rate there
are two seats which the Conservatives will lose right
away through the supreme folly of Mr. Bowser. Imagine
any man in his senses sending Mr. Welsh to England.
Is that leadership? Is this our heaven born statesma.n
in whom thc Conservative party repose stijeh implicit confidence? Really it makes the ordinary .person who has
followed political conditions in BritisH'-jjSbtumbia for the
last few years rub his eyes and wonder-what has happened
to the party which was called Conservative. Is that the
sort of leader British Columbia looks'to in order to steer
the government through the troublousWimes ahead? Surely
not���and by the election on September 14 surely the peo
ple will mark their disapproval of a political party which
allows itself to become entirely subservient to the desires
of such a leader.
���CRITICUS.
���EDITORIAL OPINIONS:
��� ���
��� ���
Prohibition Politics and Laws that
Are Not Enforced
itTV/'-'E unto him that giveth his neighbor strong
VV drink." But we fancy that even the publican will
run as grcat a chance of salvation as the gentry
who "give alms to be seen of men," who make long prayers "to be heard of men," and who stand in the synagogue and say, "Oh, Lord, I thank Thee that I am not
like other men."
* * *
Our great objection to the liquor law which they plan
to bring into effect in B. C. is that its adoption will bring
the black bottle, the jug, the keg and the piggin'back into
vogue. The "mickey" With its infernal charge of forty-rod'
whisky, to be filled regularly at the dive or blind pig,
will take the place of the present licensed premises,. An
illicit swig from a. bottle behind the jroodshed will take
the place of-the customs of the present.
'Let the proposed act become law and the bottle will
come into its own, charged with strong drink, illicitly made
and peddled from the bootleg.
In the adjoining municipality of South Vancouver, with
its population of 35,000 people, there is not one single
licensed premises. The Gladstone Inn, on Kingsway,
has been closed for months.
On Thursday night last the police surrounded a house
less than half a mile from the Gladstone Inn, raided the
place and took out some twenty couples engaged there
dancing and drinking and debauchery of various kinds.
THE MEN WERE NIGGERS. THE WOMEN
WERE WHITES. THE POLICE GOT DOZENS OF
BOTTLES OF GIN, WHISKEY AND OTHER SPIRITS, WHICH HAD BEEN OFFERED FOR SALE
ON THE PREMISES.
To show how our laws are at present being carried out,
the niggers and their white girls were taken along to the
municipal iock-up and those who had the money on them
were allowed out on $25.00 bail. These smart people took
good care never to turn up and so the bail was forfeit
and nothing further was said of the matter.
* * *
Several of the inmates of this brothel were allowed out
by putting up this bribe of $25.00, and as for the others,
we have not heard from the daily papers just what did
become of them.
Here was a dive whose inmates included some of the
lowest degenerates on the Pacific Coast. Gathered in
that dance hall, which has been running for months, were
hard characters, whose presence in South Vancouver was
a menace to the safety of decent women and girls.
YET SOUTH VANCOUVER HAS NOT A SINGLE
LIQUOR LICENSE AND IS A DRY MUNICIPALITY.
WHERE DID THE NIGGERS AND THEIR WHITE
GIRLS GET THE GIN AND WHISKEY FOR SALE
AT THIS RESORT?
IMPORTED IT JUST AS THE UNDERWORLD
WHICH IN VANCOUVER IS ALLOWED TO FLOURISH, MAY IMPORT ALL MANNER OF BOOZE
UNDER THE MEASURE WHICH A POLITICAL
CAUCUS HAS PLACED BEFORE THE PEOPLE TO
VOTE UPON ON SEPTEMBER 14TH.
* * *
It would be the part of wisdom for the people of British
Columbia to turn in and demand that the criminal laws
now on the statute books of the Province be rigidly enforced before taking on new obligations.
In the City of Vancouver vice is tolerated on all hands.
An occasional raid, an occasional fine and the dens of
iniquity are allowed to run along. And the suspicion is
that some one with something to do with the enforcement
of law and order is getting his palm "greased" as we say
in politics.
Fraudulent enterprises are allowed to carry on, grasping employers are allowed to carry on the practice of employing young girls at children's wages, the rooming
houses and many hotels (not licensed houses) of the
central part of the City of Vancouver, are places where
no respectable lady can afford to take up her residence
without being forced to rub elbows with the demi-mon-
daiiie.
* * *
Speaking of British Columbia as a whole, a curse more
far-reaching than the selling of liquor under proper restrictions is the curse of that system of debauching people with their own money, known as the patronage system.
THE PATRONAGE SYSTEM BELONGS AS MUCH
IN MUNICIPAL AND CIVIC GOVERNMENT AS IN
PROVINCIAL OR FEDERAL AFFAIRS, AND IS
NOT NECESSARILY THE CHILD OF ANY ONE
PARTY. IT SUBSIDIZES THE PRESS, TAKING
SUCH A CHASTE PUBLICATION AS THE PROHIBITION "WORLD" ALONG WITH THE OTHERS.
IT CREATES SPECIAL PRIVILEGES, CONTRACTS
AND CHARTERS FOR FRIENDS OF THE PEOPLE
IN POWER. IT THRIVES ON THE DREDGING
INDUSTRY, THE RAILROAD CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY, THE BOND GUARANTEEING BUNCO
GAME. IT IS.THE CURSE OF CANADA AND IS
NOT ABOVE TAKING SUCH A WORTHY CAUSE
AS THAT OF PROHIBITION AND DEBASING IT
TO CLOAK WITH RESPECTABILITY CROOKED
POLITICAL SCHEMERS WHO PLOT TO MAKE
THE PUBLIC PURSE YIELD TAYMENT OF THEIR
ILL-BEGOTTEN DEBTS.
* * *
That gentleman of the cloth who repeats, "Woe unto
him that giveth his neighbor strong drink," is a man whose
sincerity in the fight for reform cannot be questioned.
But his knowledge of conditions round about him is not
as good as his knowledge of the Great Book.
If the laws now on the statute books are made jokes of
by our people, what may wc expect frcrm thc enforcement
of a further law of partial prohibition of the liquor traffic.
THE STANDARD is hold enough to state that it believes
that the whiskey at present sold unlawfully in Vancouver
does the most damage. We suggest that the drinking in
the restricted hours fixed by law works little havoc as
compared with thc whiskey guzzling iu thc apartment
block, the hotel suite and in the dives which thc police of
this city must know exist on every hand.
* * *    I
"Woe unto him that giveth his neighbor strong drink"
under the proposed legislation may he changed to "Woe
unto the physician who giveth his neighbor a prescription
for booze." "Woe unto the druggist who sells the booze.'
"Woe unto the farrier, the hospital keeper, or dentist or
the half dozen others who purvey the superior imported
article in bottles, in kegs, in jugs, piggins and mickeys."
* * *
THE STANDARD, unlike many of the other champions
of prohibition, has throughout made a strong fight for
reform of the liquor traffic. We have so far debarred all
liquor advertisements from our columns. We have sacri
ficed thousands of dollars worth of revenue in an honest
effort along the lines of reform of the traffic. The young
lawyers who have denounced us from platforms of the
prohibition caucus make no sacrifice in their oratorical
flights, nor do the ministers of the gospel, several of
���whotniihave named.hell as our likely destination. No one
ever, paid THE STANDARD a cent to'oppose thc present
systeiri. 'We have received h'o patronage from any quarter jlvhatso&ver in return for: making this- sar/rifice in the
���public"" nterests. We have not shouted our heads off or
ip'ric'lMmed our purity. WE HAVE THROUGHOUT
UK EN INDEPENDENT SO FAR AS IT IS POSSI
BLE^OR ANY MAN OR INSTITUTION TO BE INDEPENDENT. WE HAVE NOT PLAYED THE
GAME OF A CORRUPT GOVERNMENT NOR OF
CORRUPT GOVERNMENT CONTRACTORS, HAVE
NOT  USED TEMPERANCE TO   MAKE    OR    UN
MAKE CABINETS. WE REMAIN SIMPLY INDEPENDENT WORKERS IN THE CAUSE OF TEMPERATE, CLEAN, HONORABLE GOVERNMENT
WITHOUT THE PATRONAGE SYSTEM; WE ARE
DELIGHTED TO LOOK FORWARD TO THE PROSPECT OF OUR COURSE THROUGHOUT THIS-
CAMPAIGN BEING ENDORSED BY THE PEOPLE
OF BRITISH COLUMBIA.
THE PROHIBITION (?) PARTY IN BRITISH
COLUMBIA
THE executive of the People's Prohibition Party in-
British Columbia is perhaps the weakest aggregation
of men and brains that ever convened in the best interests of any community. The bill to which they have
given tlieir assent is the trickiest, please-all make-shift
piece of legislation that was ever presented to any electorate to vote upon.
I hat sane men having as their object the total prohibition of the habit and traffic of intoxicating liquors in
this Province should have worked so hard and so long and
in the end to be completely hood-winked, is unthinkable.
Many of the workers feel that, after all, thc cause has
been betrayed. The Bowser Ilill may close the saloons
but it leaves wide open for all kinds of illicit trafficking
which, if the leaders of the party had maintained tlieir
original position of absolute and total prohibition, could
have been kept securely closed.
Thc leaders of the Movement compromised and as a
result we are face to face with a very unsatisfactory situation. The proposed measure docs not strictly prohibit . . .
Thc bill they arc so half-heartedly supporting is only
a sop offered to a betrayed electorate. ... It is the old
story of the wolf in sheep's clothing. . . . They sold the
Prohibition machine and all its interests to the highest
political bidder, etc., etc.���Reprinted from THE STANDARD, June 10, 1916.
rF
CHINOOK
Breezes of Indignation
And Information
A BLOW AT thc Government is a blow at patronage.
* * *
KILL PATRONAGE AND you break machine politics.
* * *
KILL PATRONAGE AND save British Columbia.
* + *
PATRONAGE IS THE curse of Canada.
* * *
THERE IS TODAY before the people of British Columbia one issue and one alone; the fight against the blind
monster of party patronage.
* * ��
PATRONAGE IN BRITISH COLUMBIA has starved
men out of the Province, has placed their dependents in
bread lines, has brought its programme of tax sales, has
set British law at defiance, and has trailed British traditions in thc slime of the gutter.
* �� * ���
IN CASTING YOUR VOTE remember that it is not
Bowser, nor yet Ellison, nor yet Taylor, Miller or Ross
whose political existence we wish to destroy; rather it is
thc patronage system in the hands of which these men
arc thc helpless vassals.
* * *
MR. H. C. BREWSTER, leader of thc Liberal party,
makes this pledge to (he people of British Columbia:
TO THE UTTER ABOLITION OF THE PATRONAGE SYSTEM I HAVE DEFINITELY AND FIRMLY
COMMITTED THE LIBERAL PARTY, AND IF THE
PEOPLE TRUST US WITH THE MANAGEMENT
OF THEIR AFFAIRS, I INTEND TO IMPLEMENT
THAT PLEDGE TO THE LAST LETTER.
TUPPER; A TORY;
INDIAN
AND  AN
a^^g^^s^1bpms>ss
DON'T   FORGET
To buy your SCHOOL BOOKS at
THE BOOKSHOP,
G.  S.  FORSYTH  &  CO.
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
In the fight to re-establish iu Bri
tish Columbia representative government, probably the most effective literature which has been published is
contained in THE TURNING
POINT, a booklet issued at great
cost by the publishers of THE
STANDARD. This booklet is from
the pen of the writer "Criticus," and
carries an introduction by Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper. While the press
of British Columbia, with the possible exception of thc VICTORIA
TIMES, has refrained from commenting upon THE STANDARD'S
contribution to the fight, the outside
newspapers have been free in complimentary references to the publishers and authors.
The Vancouver SUN published this
week thc following reference to THE
TURNING POINT from that grand
pld L'beral paper, the Toronto
GLOBE:
Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper, a born
and bred Conservative, declares to the
world that in the present election in
British, Columbia he is supporting
the Liberals against the Bowser government, whose Tory premier accepts
and acts on the political maxim that
"it is necessary to grease the palm
of an Indian."
The quality and directness of Sir
Hibbert Tupper's own political lineage
all Canada knows. The genuineness
of his loyalty to the Conservative
party, of which, through a lifetime,
his father was one of the most distinguished leaders, is quite above suspicion.    His own personal integrity,
Ialike   in   his  professional   career  and
in politics c:thcr as a member of thc
'governmeni at Ottawa or in private
\ life in Nova Scotia or in British Columbia,  has  never    been    questioned
even by his opponents.
It is as a Conservative Sir Hibbert views the political situation in
British Columbia. He writes thc "Introduction" to an elaborate story of
the delinquencies and dishonesties of
the Bowser government, entitled "The
Turning Point," with one sign pointing "Bowser," the other "Brewster."
He. denounces the government as the
embodiment of Prussian "kultur" that
plays "to win by fair means or foul."
He, says:
"I am a Conservative and always
have been. I do not believe, however, in supporting a government simply because it calls itself Conservative, especially when that government is in the hands of a man whose
sole conception of politics is 'kultur.' Mr. Bowser himself states that
it is necessary to 'grease the palm of
an Indian' at times. I deny there is
any such necessity. For the premier
of a government to excuse bribery
on the ground of necessity is exactly the same as for a nation to
excuse the violation of Belgium on
the ground of necessity."
There you have the essence of true
loyalty to one's political party that
is not at the same time disloyalty to
the first principles of one's country. For a thorough party man like
Sir Hibbert to make that declaration
and to live up to its letter and its
spirit through the stress of a fierce
election campaign is highly creditable to himself, honoring to the par
ty in which he wan reared, and, most
of all, hopeful for the politics and
public life of the province that is honored by his citizenship.
It is quite true that the wholesale
plundering of the province of British
Columbia, carried on year after year
under Sir Richard Mcllride's government, was more than enough to rouse
the indignation of any honest citizen.
And when the chicanery of McBride
was rewarded first with a knighthood
and then with an office of very extravagant emolument in London at the*
expense of thc province, and the game
of corruption and exploitation was
taken over by Hon. W. J. Bowser,,
and things went from bad to worse
���when loyalty to the government became disloyalty to the party and the-
province, even an honorable Tupper
was warranted in revolting from a
Tory whose ideal in politics is "to
grease the palm of an Indian."
The "Indian" with the "itching,
palm" is everywhere, in all the provinces, in white skin far oftener than-
in red. And everywhere, too, is the
Bowser politician whose political morality meets the "necessity" of
"greasing the palm." That is the
curse of political life, the bane and
the baseness of the party system.
One would wish, as Thc Globe devoutly wishes, that in all parts of
Canada political leaders of both high,
and low degree, Liberals as well as.
Conservatives, showed as sincere respect for their party's good name as
Sir Hibbert Tupperexhibits in breaking with his party when his party's
leader lowers both himself and his.
government to the level of the palm-
greased "Indian."���Toronto Globe-
:'"^.-. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1916
THE STANDARD
THREE
In the Richmond Riding the banner of Liberalism is being
successfully carried by Mr. Gerald McGeer, an able, aggressive
and energetic supporter of Mr. H. C. Brewster. Mr. McGeer
is an orator of great power, is a fearless fighter, and his success
in the Richmond Riding over Mr. W. J. Baird, the government
candidate, is assured.
Three of Mr. McGeer's brothers have gone forward to fight
for King and Country, and only obligations to a widowed mother and sisters have restrained him from active service.
The late Mr. James McGeer, father of Mr. Gerald G. McGeer, was one of the outstanding personalities of the pioneer
days in British Columbia. He possessed a brilliant wit and a
quick tongue, which has been passed on to thc son.
Vancouver Personals
Mr. and Mrs. F. Couzcns, of 1294
Broadway West, announce the engagement of their daughter, Blanche,
to Mr. Arthur E. Harris. The wedding will take place at Christ Church,
on Saturday, September 16th, followed by a reception at the home of the
bride's 'parents.
Mr. Arthur Harris, who has recently joined the Bantams, is well known
in sporting circles in Vancouver, having for many seasons been the mainstay of the Welsh football club. He is
a great authority on dogs, and has
acted as judge at all the leading exhibitions in thc western part of Canada. Joining the Bantams as a full
fledged private he has now been promoted to sergeant, and we predict
other military honors will shortly
follow.
* * *
Mr. Francis R. Jones of Montreal,
the organizing secretary of the Overseas Club, the patron of which is the
King and the vice-patron His Royal
Highness the Duke of Connatight,
will address the women of Vancouver
at the Hotel Vancouver on Monday
afternoon at 3.30 o'clock on "Women's Work in England in War Time."
The meeting will bc held under the
auspices of the Imperial Order of the
Daughters of the Empire, but all the
women of Vancouver, whether members of the order or not, are cordially invited to be present. Mr. Jones
has the reputation of being a most
interesting and inspiring speaker, and
a large audience is expected to hear
him. There will be no admission fee
or charge of any kind. A cordial invitation is extended especially to
members of other women's societies
in the city.
* * *
The Women's Forum wishes to remind those ladies of the city who want
MR.  GERALD  G.  McGEER,  LIBERAL  CANDIDATE  IN RICHMOND
their names to appear on the municipal voters' list that they must hand
them in at the City Hall before the
end of the month. The necessary
qualifications are that voters must
be British subjects, and cither pay
rent or hold property of the assessed
value of $300.
The marriage of Elizabeth Emily
Baldwin, daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
George Baldwin of South Vancouver,
to Mr. Charles Wright, was solemnized on Saturday afternoon at St,
Peter's Church, South Vancouver.
Rev. C. F. C. Caff in officiated; the
organist and a few members of the
���<
Bright New Goods and Splendid Values Are Being Hurried
Forward Daily
New Fall  Neckwear
for Women. Excellent
Value at 25c
���the most pleasing variety we've
ever shown at this price. The assortment includes roll and dainty
floral effects in round ihapes, together with colored hemstitched
and vestees.    Choice OC
for   Z3C
In the Bargain
Corner
On the Main Floor
NEW YORK NECKWEAR -| |-
for  women  at    l��/l��
PATENT BELTS for or
women;  reg. 35c  for    fciDC
FACE VEILINGS��� |Q
Reg. 60c for   I*���*
BILLIE BURKE TIES���    11-
Reg. 35c for         IDC
Women's Chamois
Gloves at $1.25 pair
���well made gloves of good quality skins, reliable finish, and with
one-pearl button ��� fastener. Sizes
5 3-4 to 7 1-4.    Per* (Jf-*!  OC
pair    Jpl.siD
Seamless Silk Hose
at 89c pair
���one of the most reliable hose
that wc carry. It's full fashioned,
full length, in black, sand, grey and
old rose. Very special
value,  pair   	
89c
Sturdy Suiting Serges
For Sturdy Youngsters
���WE MAKE a specialty of Fox's world-renowned serges for boys'
wear. It is the same serge as used by the British sailors, very
strong, and absolutely permanent dye. Extremely bard wearing,
almost untearablc.
31  inches wide, per yard. .$1.25. 56 inches wide, per yard..$2.50
Good for girls' school wear, too.
Plaids! Plaids! for School Girls' Dresses
TARTAN PLAIDS, little fancy plaids in dark colors, and bigger
broken plaids in a heavier kind. We have QC���� 3nr] 7^4��
a nice range to show now at, yard V%J\>  ullU    f %J\,
Rich Black Duchess Satin, a New Large Shipment
���VERY FASHIONABLE", always desirable, very reliable. Rich
black duchess mousselines for suits or dresses. Pure silk and guaranteed dyes at, per yard���
$1.25, $1.50, $2.25 and $2.75
Great Bargain in Boots for
Women and Big Girls
Regular Values to $5
Special for
$2.95
���Every pair remarkably good
value at thc regular price���an
unequalled bargain at $2.95.
They arc excellent boots in the
assortment for girls who can
wear sizes 2 to 4. The collection includes lace and button
patterns, with low and medium
heels and uppers of gunmetal
calif and kid. Nearly all of
them are Goodyear welted and
are quality boots in every respect. A Wednesday i
bargain at   ...
$2.95
Jm BudsonsBau (fompami
INCORPORATED I07O
MEItBERTE.MMlME STOWSCOHHISSIQtlCR
choir also being present. A number
of friends of the couple attended to
witness the ceremony. Mr. and Mrs.
Wright will take up their residence
in South Vancouver.
Mr. VV. J. Miller, Keene, Ont., who
has been visiting his daughter, Mrs.
H. Burnham, 1545 Fifth avenue east,
and his brother-in-law, A. N. Cameron, 1716 Pendrill Street, left for
Edmonton today.
Misses Marjorie, Dorothy and Gertrude Hogle of 1220 Barclay Street,
have left for Los Angeles, where
they will attend St. Mary's Academy.
Mrs. Hogle accompanied her daughters as far as Seattle.
* * *
Rev. J. K. Wright, D.D., secretary
of the Canadian Bible Society, British Columbia branch, returned to the
city on Tuesday night on the Prince
Rupert after having made a tour of
the northern part of the province.
Mr. and Mrs. L. Carreau of San
Francisco, who have been guests of
Mr. and Mrs. V. M. Pattullo of 22nd
Avenue West, left on Monday for the
East. They will stop over at Lake
Louise and other points on the way. j
* * ��
Dr. and Mrs. W. D. Mcintosh, of
Toronto, who lave been visiting their
son, Mr R L. Mcintosh, in Prince
Rupert lor the past month, arrived
in the cily on Sunday and arc now
tbe guests of Mrs. James Stark.
Shaughnessy I teigbts.
* * *
Miss Marshall, who has been visiting with her sister, Mrs. Stuart Jam-
ieson, Burnaby, left Thursday, for
China. Miss Marshall is an evangelist and superintendent of teachers at Tslin-tsing, in Cz-Chuan, 2,000
miles up the Yangtse river.
* + *
The members of St. Andrew's
Christian Endeavor Society spent the
week-end camping at Cypress park,
going by the Pacific Grcat Eastern
on Saturday afternoon and returning
by motor on Tuesday morning. Saturday's programme included1 swimming and hiking with a camp fire in
the evening. On Sunday Rev. John I
McNeill, of New Westminster hall,
visited the camp and after supper
conducted an Endeavor meeting a-
round tbe campfire on the beach. Mr.
McNeill read Henry Van Dyck's
poem, "God's Out of Doors." and all
thc hymns sung were in accord with
the subject and thc place. It was a
splendid meeting and will live long
in the memories of those privileged
to be there. On Monday several members who were unable to be there for
thc week-end arrived and a very enjoyable day was spent around the
beach and creek.
LIMITED
Store opens at 8.30 a.m. and closes at 6 p.m.
You Will Appreciate Our
Display of Navy Blue Serges
IT is a matter of special
importance that we have
maintained large stocks of
serges in reserve and are
in a position now to quote
prices that cannot but appeal to economical patrons.
The qualities of our serges
are high-grade; the dyes
are dependable and the
values, according to the
present-day market, are
exceptional.
If you are wanting serges
we would suggest that you
call and view our assortment. We would be glad
to have you compare our
values.
Our two popular-priced lines are���
48 to 50 inch Serges at $1.25 a yard.
And 56 inch Serges at $1.75 a yard.
Other qualities range in price to $4.50 a yard.
575 GRANVILLE
Phone Sey. 3540
INDEPENDENT
ELECTORS CONSIDER!
SIR CHARLES HIBBERT TUPPER: "What is at tlie
bottom of these scandals? What about the undue waste and extravagance that has been ^oing on in this Province for years?"
"You know as well as I do that it is political patronage,- and I
want to say, as a citizen of Canada, and one who lias followed
and taken part in active political life when patronage was indulged
in by both parties. Liberal and Conservative, I want to say that
in my estimation Mr. lircwster stands above any statesman tliat
has stood upon any political platform iu Canada in having the
courage of his conviction and the absolute fearlessness to see
them through."
"J would rather vote for an Independent
I am not going to play the fool with mv vote
be drawn aside and loose the effectiveness o;
ian a Liberal, but
I am not going to
my vote, tor even
one vote may be important. 1 am going to pul it where it will
do the most good for the cause at my heart, and that is to dismiss
from office these false trustees in Victoria. .1 am. therefore,
going io vote for ihe straight Liberal ticket in Vancouver."
Mr. T. O. TOWNLEY
was in public life and durin
"Fifteen years have elapsed since I
tliat fifteen years the political machine commonly known as Bowserism has sprung into existence.
It has grown to such an alarming extent that it has crushed the
life out of the free government of the people. Canned politicians
are one of the by-products of the machine and patronage, corruption and graft keep it fed. Local party politics have become putrid. Bowser, by his own statement, admits that lie permitted the
Dominion Trust legislation to become law, knowing it to be illegal,
for tlie reason that if he did not so act it would kill the party. This
is thc limit of corrupt politics and Bowser and his machine must
be smashed and thrown into the scrap heap.
"To assist in bringing tliis about was the outstanding reason
for my seeking election as an independent Conservative candidate.
After carefully considering tlie matter and after listening to Sir
Charles Hibbert Tupper, K.C., and after discussing thc question
with Mr. Geo. IT. Cowan, K.C., and oilier prominent Conservatives, I have come to the conclusion that I can best attain my
object by withdrawing my name from the list of those seeking
election and by throwing in my lot with the Liberal candidates."
YOU CAN CAST ONE VOTE FOR EACH OF
SIX CANDIDATES. DO NOT WASTE
ONE OF THEM.
USE YOUR WHOLE
SIX VOTES FOR
THE STRAIGHT
LIBERAL  SIX
COWPER, J. S.
DONNELLY, P.
FARRIS, J. W. De B.
MACDONALD, M. A.
McINTOSH, Dr. J. W.
SMITH, RALPH.
SMASH THE MACHINE
������ilCg*l��|.
fwwsi.riw
I���-MK-W..I FOUR
DECORATIVE ART
By   Laura   Rees   Thomas
Of the many decorative handcrafts
one of the most charming is undoubtedly pen painting, and, as a
pastime, should., commend itself to
many, for once "the knack" of using
the pen correctly in the various
strokes, and at the different angles,
is mastered, it simply requires practice, in order that the rest may quickly follow, tbic does not need to be
an artist to paint with the pen. at the
same time originality and an ability
to execute one's own designs gives a
far wider area iu which to work. Also a knowledge of color, and the blending of color is requisite, that, in the
painting of flowers the tints may be
as natural as possible. It is well, if
they are obtainable, to have a posy
off real flowers and leaves before one
when working. For those who cannot design for themselves, there are
always plenty to be found, suitable for
pen painting, at any store, in these
days  of  artistic  needlework.
Ten painting is not, as many believe, a new art. There is doubt as
to the exact time and place of its
origin, sonic ascribing to Italy and
others to France, its first appearance;
but there is no doubt at all, that the
work was first done by the nuns, to
decorate their altars and churches.
For many years the secret was jeal-
ForSale
$150 CASH
Through their representative
going to the War, the famous
Australian firm of Trewhellas
want to immediately quit 6
(SIX) of their world-renowned
Tree and Stump Grabbers
THEY WILL TAKE
$150  EACH   CASH
for the full equipment, which
was selling at $200 before the
big rise in materials. Otherwise���we are instructed to return them to Australia if NOT
SOLD WITHIN 60 DAYS.
THIS IS A VALUABLE
OPPORTUNITY for anyone
wanting the world's best clearing machinery.
Send CASH $150 and Order
Now to
The Campbell
Storage Co., Ltd.
857  BEATTY  STREET
VANCOUVER, B. C.
ously     guarded,     but   eventually   became known.
In imagination. I often conjure up
a picture of a gentle, sweet-faced
nun. austerely garbed, around her the
hushed tranquility of the convent,
working with quill and brush, a design of large while lillies. with softly
shaded green leaves, on a rich velvet
altar cloth, to make beautiful her
church, the place where her whole
life would be passed. It is, I think,
a charming origin for a charming
wnrk. In tinisc days it was done entirely on velvet, with ordinary oil
colors, which were laid on with a large
quill pen, the shading being done af-
THE  STANDARD
-���'���^ par     '      -a!
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 9,  1916
���*��������^����������j^.1������������i i'.
I,
Jtarwarc's  with  a  ijfush.' J_n_4>l8.i,  an   Vork.efer'ireiroraiiig    furniture'aSlrtaKrIiSteresting arti^-'aft^als^on  the
article appeared in "The Queen," en- was most effective for the bold, hand
titled "American Art Work. 1'en some eloigns illj large flowers, etc.
Painting in Oils on Textile Fabrics.", so liuicb tiSefl on. curtains, porri^rres
in which the writer tells how she was i mantel and table; borders. ijVj
attracted by an advertisement in the I The method *of procedure at trial
daily paper of a -mall Canadian town, j time was to lay the color on thickly
which stated that the advertiser un-[around the outline of the design, then
dertook to teach ,.il pa'nting in a I with a clean pen scrape it down firm-
few   hours.    Her curiosity led her to'ly and finely to represent stitches.
visit the artist, and she found her
copying what seemed to be a very
lovely piece of needlework, but she
soon found it was the wnrk of a pen
and not a needle. She was told that
tliree days would be sufficient time
to make her a mistress of the art, and,
this as results proved, was quite correct.
Continuing, the writer says that she.
was  surprised  to   find   (he   work  unknown in England on her return there. I
as  it   was   extensively   used   iu   Xew
A little later Miss Caspar, on her
return from America introduced the
art under the name of Crewel Painting into her studios in Regent Street,
London, the procedure differing
slightly in minor details to that of
the Canadian artist.
The colors in use for the work, at
that time were in powder form and
were mixed with a sort of gum. In
1K9S pen painting was again revived,
and of course improved, under the
name of "Kensington  Painting," and
PHONE: 8EV. 900
MacDONALD & HAY
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.
CKNTER  *  HANNA   I.IMI TKO
CANADIAN
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SUMMER
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Tickets on sale daily,
June 1 to September
30, 1916.
Return limit tliree
months, not to exceed
October 31.
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particulars apply
to any
C. P. R.
Agent
MR. PATRICK DONNELLY, LIBERAL CANDIDATE
In  a  recent  speech  Mr.   Donnelly  government   immediately   appeals   ti
said regarding the P. G. E. finances:  the class the bills are designed to fa
"You may be told that you will not  vor.
have to pay this interest ou railway
bonds, hut you have already begun to
pay. In January last you paid $316,-
000 interest on P. G. E. bonds, and
although a Minister of Public Works
and a Minister of Mines were both
seeking re-election on February 26th,
not one word of this payment was allowed to leak out, and later still on
March 4th a Minister of Finance was
seeking re-election in the capital city
of the Province, and yet this miserable secret was still securely guarded.
The people most concerned were not
allowed to know. By what right did
this Government keep this information from the public? Is this machine
tactics or is it constitutional government or is this the kind of a business government the Hon. Mr. Bowser announced in his first manifesto?
"We do not know for certain that
the government press was aware of
this payment. If they were they are
as guilty as the government, and if
they were not, then they had not the
entire confidence of the government;
in which case they all blindly supported the government without being allowed to know all the important facts
that they should have known before
giving their support. Will the party
press that is supporting the government unconditionally, please say on
which of the two counts we are to
find  them guilty?"
Discussing new measures brought
in by the Government,, he said:
"We had acts all thc way from the
Marking of Eggs to thc Shipping and
Shipbuilding Act. This latter seemed
to have come up overnight like a
mushroom, although other countries
have been struggling for years with
this most important question. 'Ill-
considered legislation' is too mild an
expression to use in describing the
majority of these 98 acts. But if we
attempt to criticise any of the acts the
"The public debt before 'we were
rescued' was $10,000,000; now it is
about $30,000,000, an increase of $20,-
000,000 and during the same period
wc sold $36,000,000 worth of land;
or in other words, that amount of our
capital, and we spent it all and $20.-
1X10,000 more; a total loss of $56,000,-
000 while 'we were being rescued.' It
would appear that our rescuers must
have done far better than we did. In
any case, we must now rescue the
Province  from  the  rescuers.
"On top of all this we have a dark-
cloud hanging over the heads of ourselves, our children, and even our
grandchildren, in the shape of railway guarantee contingent debt which,
including principal and interest, is
nearly $200,000,000.
"When you voted for these railway
guarantees you were assured by the
present government that you would
never be called upon to pay a dollar
of interest, which statement has since
been proven to be misleading. Vou
were also assured that so far as the
P. G. E. was concerned, you would
be lucky to get the road for the bonded indebtedness as it would only be a
small portion of its actual value. This
statement has also been proven to be
absolutely unreliable because, according to F. C: Gamble, the government
railway engineer, the amount spent
on thc P. G. E. is only $18,895,188.
and the railway received on the government  guarantee  the  sum  of  $18.-
this case at least, station men were
paid 35c per yard for work on which
the sub-contractor received 75c per
yard, or 40c per yard profit, which
was equal to over 110 per cent, profit
to the sub-contractor,, IWhat was
Pat Welch's price on this work? It
must have been more than he paid the
sub-contractor. It would appear that
if we arc compelled to take this road
over to ensure its completion, we will
have a road at twice the original cost,
and on which we would have to
charge extortionate freight rates to
pay interest on our capital, or as an
alternative, operate thc road) at a
great loss.
"Then again when you were asked
to vote the government into fficc, you
were told that the bargain with the
P. G. E. was so securely drawn and
that the province was so protected
that we could not possibly lose, and
what do wc find? We find that notwithstanding the bargain was onesided, and entirely in favor of the
contractors; they defaulted in their
part of the bargain and the government illegally, and in defiance of the
act, paid out our money in excess of
our agreement to the extent of nearly $7,000,000, and also allowed the
promoters to grab the $25,000,000 capital stock, the proceeds of which
should have gone into the road.
"If Premier Bowser was an entirely
free agent, would he have overpaid
Foley. Welch and Stewart nearly $7,-
000,000? Would he have loaned them
another $6,000,000 without an investigation?    Would he have allowed the
035,198, the proceeds of the sale of j promoters of the P. G. E. to purloin
$20,000,000 bonds par value, the whole j the $25,000,000 capital stock, the proof which we are liable for. I.ceeds of which should have gone in-
"It should be remembered that the!*0 tl,e road? Would he have sent
amount spent on the road is at Pat|Fred w* We,sh t0 England?   Can we
Welch's own price, and that he secured the contract without any competition whatever.
"We   have  a   record   of  one   case
tried  in  Vancouver  showing  tllat  in
believe he would have done any one
of these things if he were the free
agent a Premier should be? Nothing
short of a complete change of government will satisfy the people, either
at home or abroad."
subject in "The Art of; Lira wing and
Painting," published, by,: the^liutter-
ick Co. in May of that year.
In 1911 Madame Cecil. Francis Lewis of the Frances Lewis studios.
Hanover Street, London, determined
to try and find some means of making the work more artistic and applicable to various fabrics, also the
use of ordinary oil colors did not
prove satisfactory. She consulted
with Messrs. Windsor and -Newton,
who eventually made colors specially
adaptable for the work, which dried
quickly, were as free as possible from
oil, and did not lose their brilliancy
by being mixed with the necessary
foundation of white. The result is
that pen painting has become most
popular in the world of handicraft and
is likely to remain so as it can be
used with equal effect for the decoration of leather, wood or pottery to
that of a beautiful evening gown, or
a  piece  of ecclesiastical  work.
The one thing likely to kill the art
is the very mistaken idea that anyone can do it, without troubling to
learn, and in this case I should like-
to impress upon any intending student of pen painting, the old maxim,
"Whatever is worth doing is worth
doing well."
B.  C.  SOCIETY  OF  FINE ARTS
At a meeting of the executive of
the B. C. F. S. A., held last week it
was decided to hold the annual free
exhibition of oil and watercolor paintings and sculpture in rooms at the
school board offices, Hamilton Street,
which have been granted for the occasion. The private view will be on
Friday, September 22nd, and the exhibition will be open to the public
from Saturday, September 23rd, to
Saturday, September 30, both dates
inclusive, A selection committee was
appointed, with instructions to use
impartial judgment on paintings, etc.,
sent in, with a view to the rejection
of inartistic work. As the exhibition
will comprise the works of non-members as well as members, an opportunity is thus afforded for amateurs
and others to put their efforts to a
reasonable test, which should not be
objected to by any sincere worker in
art. It was decided that all works
intended for the exhibition must be
sent in, addressed to S. P. Judge, lion,
secretary-treasurer, at the school
board offices, Hamilton Street, on or
before Monday, September 18.
ii   ..,;!.: Q
Phone Seymour 9086
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YOU NEED
for the safety of your valuables
and Documents.
A  Private Box
in our Safety Vault
$2.50 Per Annum
DOW FRASER
TRUST CO.
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FLORISTS
BROWN BROS. & CO., LIMITED,
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, 48
Hastings St. E., and 762 Granville
Street, Vancouver, B. C *
THE   COLORS   OF  THE  FLAG
What is the white on our flag boys?
The honor of our land.
Which burns in our sight like a beacon light
And stands while the hills shall stand.
Yea dearer than fame is pur lands
great name
And we fight wherever we be
For the mothers and wives who pray
for the lives
Of the brave lads over the sea.
And what is the blue on our flag boys?
The Waves of the boundless sea,
Where our vessels ride in their tameless pride
WATCHMAKER
10,000 WATCHES and CLOCKS
wanted to clean and repair at the
factory, 438 RICHARDS STREET.
And the feet of the winds arc free.
From the sun and smiles of the coral
Isles
To the ice of the South and North,
With   dauntless   tread   o'er  tempests ���
dread
Our guardian  ships go forth.
And what is the red on our flag boys?
Thc blood of our heroes slain
On  the  burning  sands   in   the   wild
waste lands,
And the froth of the purple main,
And it cries to God from the crimson
sod,
And the crest of the wave outrollcd,
That he send us men to fight again
As our fathers fought of old.
We'll stand by thc dear old flag boys
Whatever be said or done,
Though the shots come fast as we face
the blast,
And the foe be ten to one.
Though our only reward be a thrust
of the sword
Or a bullet in heart or brain,
What matter one gone if the flag float
on
And  Britain be  Lord of the main.
��� Frederick G. Scott of Quebec.
HOW DO YOU
BUY BREAD?
Do you ask for, and get, just a "loaf of bread," or do
you, like the wise, discriminating buyers, order
SMAX and
SUNLIGHT
"THE   BETTER   BREADS"
These are wholesome, nutritious���made in a modern,
sanitary bakery���in every detail as good bread as
conscientious effort can make them.
Every loaf crisp, tender, delicious���done to a turn.
If your grocer cannot supply you, phone Fairmont
443 and we'll get it to you prompt.
HAMPTON-PINCHIN
Bakers of Better Bread !;i SATURDAY, SE*PTE'M-BE-k'*>, 1916
THE STANDARD
FIVE
Taking Mort Homme With The
Bayonet
A Grosse Ile Boy's St;ry oi the Verdun Siege, Including His
Impressions of a -ireat German Night Attack; Stories of
the French Soldiers :: :: By E. N. Stanton
(The author of this article, who is
a resident of Grosse lie, spent about
nine months in the American ambulance service iu France, having enlisted in October of last year. Ile was
for some time in Lorraine, carrying
wounded back from various points,
but in the spring, after a brief rest,
was sent to the Verdun sector, where
he spent four weeks. His ���-vli.-tnient
had already expired, anil in June he
lelurncd home. ',VI**'e working near
Verdun, Mr. Stanton had exceptional
opportunities to see what was going
on there, and actually witnessed a
great German attack on Le Mort
Homme, as described below. He is
very positive that the crown prince
will never have the satsfaction of conquering the fortress. Mr. Stanton was
a close friend of Richard Hall, also of
Grosse lie. who was killed in the
Vosges mountains last winter. Ik-
has received word that Richard's brother, Louis Hall, who returned to
France not long ago. is ill with scarlet fever in  Paris.���The Editor.)
By spending almost a year at thc
French front with thc American Ambulance one can learn much of the
spirit of the French and the hardships
they must suffer, but here at home
where we live under peaceful conditions and where we lead a life of
comparative luxury, it is almost impossible to realize the conditions of
privation and suffering that have been
forced upon France by the present
war. Hundreds of towns have been
completely destroyed by fire as the
Germans retreated, after the battle of
thc Marne; and hundreds more are
gradually being pounded into a heap
of rocks by the constant artillery fire.
We read in the morning paper, "Intense Cold Causes Great Suffering
Among Soldiers," or "Dead Lie Un-
buried After Great Battle of Verdun,"
or some other headline, but mere
words give us no understanding of
thc condition unless wc imagine our
selves iu like circumstances. Suppose
yourself in a ditch six feet deep, filled
with muddy, freezing water to a depth
of three feet, or picture to yourself
the situation at Verduiv at the present time: the first line trenches iu
many places have been completely destroyed, and now the men must lie
all day in the shallow depressions
where the trenches used to bc, with
the dead four months old piled up in
front of them, exposed to the heat
of thc summer sun. So terrible is
the stench of the unburied bodies a-
bout them that eating usually brings
on a naseau. Add to this a continuous rain of large calibre shells and
you have a fair idea of what the
French soldier is standing today without complaint and with a determination to see the affair through to the
end.
tt ti ti
The country about Verdun is in a
great many ways similar to thc rolling country of the Xew England
states, though not as heavily wooded. However as the French peasants
live in small villages from which they
go in times of peace several miles to
till their fields, there are no farm houses. The roads are in good condition at the present time, despite the
heavy traffic, except in places near
the front to a distance of five or six
miles, where they are torn up by big
shells. Perhaps the roads about three
miles back from the first trenches
are in a worse condition, for there
they are bombarded continually in an
effort to prevent the munition waggons from supplying the artillery located in  tllat region.
Eight or ten miles back from the
line on the main road there is an unbroken line of motor trucks of almost cvery make, including many of
American manufacture. They arc-
loaded 'with lumber and steel for
bomb proofs, ammunition, food, and
in fact everything that is needed to
keep  an  immense  army  in  the  field.
Everything is carried by automobile'
now. for the railroad line., have been
cut by shell fire. All day long a line
of trucks passes from a base well
back from the front to a point just
beyond the range of th.- enemy's
guns, and at night some of them yo
a few miles closer, but most are null.add out.. horse-drawn wagons,
which take the supplies through the
bombarded district. These same motor trucks an- used for the transportation of troops, but a special tractor
is used to move heavy artillery.
To watch a battle at night from one
of the hills surrounding Verdun is
a   most   impressive   sight.     One   night
1 was called Ilill Number  about
ten o'clock, but as the "poste .!.-  -.
cour"   was  being  shelled   I   was   obliged   to   wait  a   few   hundred   yards
away   till  2  o'clock   that    morning.J
mains uiibrocv. am! each unsuccessful attack of tliu . enemy strengthens
their confidence. After the first ol"
i ie great German offensive.-, had been'
met they knew lhat the enemy would
never pass through their lines to the
city behind them. They were forced
to evacuate their first lines of defence during tin- first days of the
battle, but now they are holding
stubbornly their new lim-. an.] they
know tbat behind them there yet re
mains another and even stronger line
I di fense should they be forci d t
retreat again. Hut they have no| ha.'
to retr.ai and have even made some
progress Their spirit and confidence
i, .sill reflected in tbe oft-heard tunc
..I lhe Franco I'rn,,ian war to which
Ihey   have   set   new   v ords���the  cbor-
ii nmencing with "lis ne Passeronl
pas .levant  Verdun."
tne positions were taken alter a lew
minutes .of sharp fighting. However.
the Germans at once opened a concentrated artillery lire upon their lost
trenches, and forced the French to
fall tack to tiie second line, which
they had just captured, and there they
h.-ld against tlie counter attacks. So
lar the attacking regiment had lost
verj few men. but when it became
necessary t.. call up a reserve regiment '-. h ild the captured position
ihc.. I -i rather heavily coming up
through the German curtain fire. Today, so far as I can judge from all the
press reports, the French still hold
the hill, in Bpite of the frequent at-
tai I ���  of the  enemy.
Along with all the tragedies of thc
war come many amusing events ill
unexpected   place,.     During   the   cap-
The Prohibition
Act  Condemns
Itself
It Will Not Prohibit���Read Clause 57.
It Is Class Legislation���Read Clauses 3 and 57.
It Is Un-British���Read Clauses 28, 40 and 48.
It Will Increase Taxation���Read Clauses 58-60.
It Will Send Enormous Sums of Money out of the
Province and Throw Thousands  of  Persons
Out of Employment.
"M/V>
te
READ THE ACT   VOTE "NO
SPECIMEN BALLOT ON THE ACT
Are you in favor of bringing
the "British Columbia Prohibition Act" into force?
Yes
NO
X
DONT SPOIL
YOUR BALLOT
MARK IT-
HERE
REMEMBER.���The Question to be Voted upon
is Not the subject of Prohibition but the adoption or rejection of The B. C. Prohibition Act.
M
MR. J. W. De B. FARRIS, LIBERAL CANDIDATE
R. J. W. De II. FARRIS, one of Vancouver's most brilliant lawyers, comes of an old Canadian family, whose
election in Vancouver on September 14 will mean that an able, independent and fearless aide will be given
the Liberal leader,  -Mr.  II. C.  lircwster.
*
However, while waiting. I witnessed
a wonderful sight. Until after nii.l
night the artillery duel had gone oil
with its accustomed activity. the
French batteries back oi us keeping
up an intermittent fire ill spite of the
shells that came screaming over our
heads from the enemy's batteries in
an attempt to silence the French cannon. Illuminating bombs, bright as
city arc lights, mapped out the front
line of trenches. Occasionally a colored rocket rose to a grcat height in
the air or a long chain of colored fire
balls, a German artillery signal, made
grotesque patterns in the air.
Shortly after midnight, in spite of
the noise of the artillery, 1 heard the
sputtering of machine guns and the
crackling of hundreds of rifles.
"An attack against our positions
at Le Mort Homme," said a man
near me. "W'e have been expecting
it."
In an instant the number of light
bombs was doubled and a few seconds
later a rocket rose high in the air
and evidently was a signal to commence the curtain fire, for from every
hill and hollow tbe French artillery
cut loose. Tongues of fire could be
seen on all sides and the roar of hundreds of cannons of many calibres
was continuous. It rose and fell in
intensity like great waves dashing
on a rocky coast, for above thc rapid
fire of the light artillery could bc
heard the deep booming of the heavy
pieces. For more than an hour the
curtain fire was maintained and then
during the following half hour the
batteries slowed down gradually to
their accustomed activity, and another German attack on Le Mort Homme had been broken up.
* * *
Though  the  French  have  suffered
heavy losses at Verdun their spirit re-
Yes,   the
have made s
last   month.
French   c
uue progi
Among
mnter attacks l ture
.'ss during tin abov
other      things | rend.
t Le Morte Homme described
ihe   Germans   who   had   sur-
ed were told if they would
they took back Dead Man's Hill, j run as fast as possible toward the
which is no mountain or commanding French lines they would not be shot,
height, but a comparatively small j but as the French f��arcd that the
ridge   of   ground   with   steep   slopes. | enemy   would  find   rifles  on   the   field
It is 295 metres high at the highest
point and is therefore officially spoken of as Ilill 295 in the same wa)
as the well-known hill next to it is
called  Hill 304.
l-'or two days before the attack the
French artillery kept up a constant
and intense fire on the German position in that region and at the end of
the second day the infantry started
the advance. They walked up a steep
slope of Lc Mort IIouime. smoking their pipes and carrying only a
short knife made from half a bayonet
with a wooden handle put on, and
eight or ten hand-grenades in a sack
slung on one'side. They reached
the top of the hill losing only two
men. The first line of German
trenches was just over the crest of
the hill. Thc few Germans there
who had survived the bombardment
surrendered at once. The next trench
was at the foot of the hill, and a considerable distance from the first, but
as soon as the occupants saw the
blue line of the advancing French,
they threw up their hands in token
of surrender and ran to meet the
French shouting "comrade." It would
seem that months of unsuccessful attacking and their immense losses had
broken their spirit and they were glad
to give themselves up to the French
from whom they receive good care
and attention.
At the third line some resistance
was encountered, but whenever the
enemy refused to surrender at
ot   battle   and   turn
ran.  they  took  the  ;
.-ii   their  suspendor
making  i:  necessan
in.! lire as they
recaution to rip
buttons, thereb)
for the captives
to use both bauds to hold up then
trousers as they  ran.
In another sector the French had
installed a garbage gun. which was
simply an old trench mortar used
with a special sort of projectile. As
the men finished tlieir meals they
dumped the refuse and tin cans into
tbe mortar, which bad previously been
loaded with a small charge of powder, and then these extraordinary projectiles were shot over into tbe German   trenches.
Even- man in tbe trenches looks
forward to the day when the great
advance will begin. They know that
victory will come and the only question is, "How much longer must wc
wait?" Each soldier hopes that be
may be able to take part in the finish. 1 knew a man that had just came
back  from six days leave.
"Did you enjoy your six days at
home?" I asked.
"No," he said, "not too well. Thc
day 1 got home I received notice that
my brother hail been killed at Verdun,
my father was killed earlier in the
war. This second death was too much
for my poor mother and she died
three days later. 1 have no more relatives and when 1 came back here I
locked up the house, but had no one
to   whom   I   could   give   the   key.   so
Then suddenly the discouraged expression left hi.s face and he said in
an undertone, "C'est pour la France."
and then in a louder voice:
"Perhaps we will start an offensive
with   the   English   this   month,   and   I
will see the beginning of the end."
*   *  *
I met him again two weeks later.
We  were  iu  a  "poste    de    secour"
waiting for the wounded to be bandaged, but as a small dug-out had become rather crowded, the doctor in
charge asked if we would please wait
in   the   trench   outside.     W'e   bad  just
been ..utside long enough to become
accustomed   to   the   dark,   when   we
heard  the  screaming of a  large  shell.
We had about four seconds to flatten
ourselves against  the rear wall of the
trench, then a flash, a violent explosion and pieces of shell went whistling
overhead,   while   dirt   and   stones   fell
into   ihe   trench.       During   the   next
fifteen   minutes   about     twenty  -  five
'more   came   in  and   when     the    bombardment  stopped  thc  stretcher bear-
[ers f .und a wounded man a few yards
away in  the connecting trench.
As they brought him into thc "poste
... secour" J saw it was thc same man
I had been talking to two weeks before, lie was not seriously wounded,
but the explosion of a shell had
knocked him down and he was more
hurt iroin tbe shock than anything
else. -\s I loaded him into my ambulance a few minutes later his comrades shook hands and wished him
good luck.
"It will be two months before 1
get back." he said, "and perhaps it
will be finished before then, and I
won't   see   the   end  after  all."
How- many times has the question
been    asked.   "When    will     the     war
finish?" At   I! . a  small  provincial
village, imw almost completely destroyed by the daily bombardments,
the usual discussion arose as I waited
for two men hurt in a recent shelling.
"When do you bink it will finish'"
demanded a typical, big-bearded poilu.
"This autumn," 1 said, not daring
to say I thought that it might continue through another winter, for if
there is one thing that discourages
the men in the trenches it is tbe
thought of going through another
winter.
But a young lieutenant, who had
overheard the discussion turned lo
me and said: "Do yon believe that?
I  think  it will  fourteen  more years."
It was said in jest but the group of
men took it seriously and became
silent for a time. I loaded tbe two
wounded into tbe car and started to
get a third at a battery. Tbe lieutenant offered to show mc the way and
as we turned to go I beard the man
who bad started the argument say:
"lo.urteen more years," and then
as he slapped, bis comrade on the
shoulder:
"W'ejl. we must not get discouraged; we cannot stop till they are
beaten, even if it takes fourteen
years."
Iln the way to the battery the lieutenant asked several questions about
tlu- Americans serving as ambulance
drivers at the front and when be
found that we were all unpaid volunteers and that one man had been
killed and several bail been wounded
in service, bc seemed quite moved.
What ymi Americans are doing l"f
ul." be said; "We owe
r ' .t niy have y> -u given
relief work and for bos-
men themselves have
s serving in the Aineri-
and American anibu-
t all. the French people
it they have iu America a true
dbyc be took from
his finger a ring lie ha.! made himself
from the aluminium in the head ol a
German shell and gave it to mc saying. "I wish you would keep tbis as
a token of how much the French appreciate your work and American
friendship."
ns   is
VV' .1!
nuch
to y
i'l.
vast sums
i ir
pitals
but
given
theit
1:
can
iviat
on
ance
He
-t   .
ice! 1
ial t
lev
neni
As
he   >
aid
a   few   hand-grenades   were     ft*������ | m0ved to the front
into  the   trenches  and  dug-outs  and |jve for now."
once '' save '' t0 an ��'^ woman living next
ur     regin
1 have no one to
SAYS CYCLING DAN,
I'M   A    HEALTHIER  MAN,
AND OFTEN WISH
THAT I BEGAN
RIDING A BICYCLE
YEARS AGO
AND EARLIER REACHED
THIS HEALTHFUL GLOW.
I RIDE A PARAGON YOU
SEE
AND AM GLAD
FRED DEELEY
(The Cycle Man)
SOLD IT ME.
1126   GRANVILLE   STREET
VANCOUVER
Send    for   47-page    illustrated
catalogue���post free.
BD
BB mm
six
THE STANDARD
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1916
A Canadian Who Saved Ypres
A  Sketch of  Major-General Turner
By C. Lintern Sibley
You would never believe that Ma-
jor-Gcueral Richard Ernest William
Turner, V.C., D.S.O., had an ounce of
military blood in his veins; if you
were to meet him in civil life.
You can tell some military men
offhand, in particular those of commissioned rank. Apart from the full-
chestedness of them, they have an
impressive, dominating air, and are
given to a certain delicacy of waistline and snappy precision of speech.
These are the professional type.
The war is familiarizing us with another type altogether���the type of
the captain of industry become the
captain of war, and showing a native genius for his new work which is
simply  astounding.
General Turner is of thc latter kind.
If you were to meet him in private
life, you would get the impression
of a rather studious and not too
robust young man, of very quiet and
scholarly disposition.
His non-military characteristics are
further emphasized by thc fact that
he wears glasses with lenses of extraordinary thickness.
Under ordinary circumstances, tllis
fact alone would bc sufficient to keep
him out of the army���and it very
nearly did. Had he not been a born
fighter he would never have been
able to surmount this handicap to
military life.
* * *
When the South African War broke
out he offered himself for service
with the Canadian Expeditionary
Force. Being turned down by the
iocal military authorities, on account
���of the aforesaid glasses, he went to
headquarters at Ottawa, and offered
himself there. Again he was turned
down.
Those who know the circumstances
say that he simply pestered the life
out of the Ottawa officials, and at
last they gave him a place in the
force in order to get rid of him.
He at once went back to Quebec,
married the girl of his heart, and was
soon sailing away to war in far-off
South Africa.
In South Africa he seemed to take
to campaigning as a duck takes to
water. According to his superior officers young Turner could always be
counted upon as being "Johnny-on-
the-spot"      In   other  words,  where
they wanted him to be, there he always was���eager, enterprising, and
full of dash and go. According to
the friends at home to whom he
wrote, he regarded the campaign with
all its dangers and hardships as something of a glorified picnic.
* * *
The feat for which he received the
Victoria Cross took place in the action at Komati River, on November
7, 1900.
A desperate action was in progress
between the Boers and the British
forces. The Boers gained a dominating position commanding the British
guns. They had shot down the gun
crews and swept all the approaches
to the guns with rifle fire. They
were gradually closing in, and the
capture of the guns appeared inevitable.
Voung Turner, who had come up
with his men to the support of the
main British forces, met with a withering rifle fire from the Boers. Major MacMillan, who was with him,1
had his horse shot under him, and
was wounded; and all around men
were being hit.
Things looked decidedly bad, but
Turner was not the man to give up
hope.
"Wc must try to save the guns,"
he said, and called for volunteers to
support him. A number immediately
responded. Turning to the others,
he shook hands with one or two of
his nearest friends. He was under
no illusion as to the danger of his
task. He knew that the chances were
100 to 1 that he would never get
back; but he hoped that enough would
remain of his little force to hold the
Boers off until they could get the
guns away.
"Well, goodbye, boys. God bless
you!" he said. And off he and his
heroic little band started on their
mission.
They dashed across the field of fire.
Then dismounting and deploying his
men at close quarters, he actually
succeeded in beating back the Boers
and saving the guns. His little force
paid heavily for their bravery, but
they turned what had looked like a
victory for the Boers into a defeat.
The feat was duly recorded in despatches by both Lord Roberts and
Lord Kitchener.
In this operation young Turner
came literally within an ace of losing
his life. He was shot in several places, his most severe wounds being in
the shoulder and neck. That shot in
the neck was a remarkable one. General Turner bears the scars of it
now���one scar where the bullet entered the neck in front, and another
where it made its exit at the back.
Instead of going straight through the
neck, the shot seems to have travelled around under the skin, and to have
passed out without touching any vital spot. Half an inch more one side
or the other would have been  fatal.
Of course he was invalided home,
and it was a long time before he fully
recovered his strength. During his
convalescence he paid a prolonged
visit to France���never dreaming that
he would come back to that country
to take part in thc greatest war of
all time, and to perform there thc
greatest feats of his  whole  career.
Between the Boer war and the present one he was singled out for honor on several occasions. At Quebec
on December 17, 1901, the present
King conferred upon him the V.C.
and presented him with a sword of
honor subscribed for by his fellow
citizens. In the following year he
received the D.S.O. and was gazetted
Lieutenant-Colonel. In thc same
year he commanded thc King's Royal
Escort at the Coronation of King
Edward.
Meanwhile his interest in the volunteer militia of the Dominion, with
which he had been connected before
he went to South Africa, remained as
active as ever. He attained the command of the 10th Queen's Own Hussars in 1905, and two years later was
appointed Commander of the 3rd
Townships Cavalry Brigade���a position he retained until the present war
broke out.
As Commander of Cavalry, he proved himself a great source of inspiration to the men, and made himself
liked by everybody. He was always
urging officers . and men to make
themselves as perfect as possible in
both the theoretical and practical
parts of military training. He presented a valuable shield for efficiency
for competition by the Cavalry Regiments of the Province of Quebec.
This shield has been won for three
years in succession by the 13th Scottish Dragoons, who were greatly delighted when Col. Turner, as he then
was, consented to become their honorary Colonel.
All this shows how deep the interest of  General Turner was in mill*
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Here Are the Standard-Bearers for 1916
COMPLETE LIST OF CANDIDATES THUS FAR NOMINATED  FOR PROVINCIAL ELECTION
Below will be found THE STANDARD'S tabulated list of all the constituencies which have nominated
their candidate for the coming provincial parliamentary elections, along with the names of the gentlemen who
are to represent their different parties. &%$':""���*���'���
Constituency
Alberni   .,
Atlin  	
Cariboo   ..
Chilliwack
Cowichan
Columbia .
Comox ...
Cranbrook   	
Delta	
Dewdney 	
Esquimalt  	
Fort George	
Fernie   	
Greenwood  	
Grand Forks  	
Islands 	
Kamloops  	
Kaslo   	
Lillooet   	
Nelson  	
Nanaimo   	
North  Okanagan   .
South Okanagan ..
Newcastle   	
New Westminster
Omineca   	
Revelstoke   	
Rossland   	
Richmond   	
Saanich   	
Similkameen    	
Skeena   	
Slocan    ,...
North Vancouver
South Vancouver .
Trail	
Vancouver   	
Victoria
Yale
Liberal
H. C. Brewster
Frank Mobley
J. Yorston
E. D. Barrow
K. Duncan
John Buckam
Hugh Stewart
Dr. J. H. King
A. D. Patterson
John  Oliver
A. W. McCurdy
A. I. Fisher
Dr. J. D. McLean
J. E. Thompson
M. B. Jackson
F. W. Anderson
John Keen
J. B. Bryson
A. M. Johnson
Wm.  Sloan
Dr.  K. McDonald
Leslie  V.   Rogers
David Whiteside
A. M. Manson
Dr. Sutherland
W. D. Willson
G. G. McGeer
F. A. Pauline
R. S. Conkling
T, D. Pattulo
Chas.  F.  Nelson
Mayor  Hanes
J. W. Weart
M. H. Sullivan
Ralph Smith
M.  A.  Macdonald
P.  Donnelly
Dr. Mcintosh
T. S. Cowper
J. W. deB. Farris
H. C. Brewster
John  Hart
George Bell
Hi C. Hall
Joseph Walters
Conservative        Socialist, Lab. or Independent
J.   G.   C.   Wood
W. X. McDonald
J. A. Fraser
W. D. Macken
W. H.  Hayward
Dr. Taylor
M. Manson
T. D. Caven
F. J. Mackenzie
W. J.  Manson
R. H. Pooley
W. R. Ross
Thos. Uphill
J. R Jackson
E. Miller
W. W. Foster
J. P. Shaw
R. J. Long
Archie   McDonald
Dr. W. O. Rose
A. E. Planta
Price Ellison
Mayor Jones
Dr. Dier
Thos!  Gifford
F. M. Dockrill
Hon. T. Taylor
L. A. Campbell
W. J. Baird
D. M. Eberts
L. W. Shatford
Wm. Manson
W. Hunter
G. H. Morden
Rev. Boulton
Jas. A. Schofield
W. T. Bowser
C. E. Tisdall
Dr. McGuire
Walter Leek
A. H. Macgowan
Thos. Duke
A. Stewart
Reginald Hayward
John Dilhvorth
Leonard Tate
Alex. Lucas
J. D. Kendall; A. W. Neil (I.)
Geo.  Casey
VV. Pritchard; S. Wrigley (S.)
J. 'A. Macdonald (Soc.)
J. Mclnnes (S.); W. Gillet (I.)
J. A. MacDonald  (Soc.)
L. L. Boomer (Ind.)
S. Skinner (Soc.)
Parker Williams  (Ind. Soc.)
tary preparedness, and how well he
himself was prepared for the heavy
responsibilities which were later to
come to him.
When the war broke out, the military authorities of the Dominion were
only too delighted to make use of
him. He was at once appointed a
Brigadier-General, and he was sent
to Valcartier Camp to help organize
the Expeditionary Force which was
to become the greatest Armada that
ever crossed the sea.
In France, Brigadier-General Turner was put in command of thc 3rd
Brigade, and he was stationed in the
famous Ypres salient on that historic
22nd of April, when thc Germans used
their poisonous gas for the first time
and would have smashed through the
lines on their road to Calais had it
not been for the Canadians���and for
General Turner.
The story of that terrible day is
now a part of history. We arc all
familiar with its broad outlines���how
the Germans, for the first time, pumped tlieir suffocating gas in enormous
clouds into the French trenches, and
raked the French lines with a terrible
bombardment of high explosives and
shrapnel shells; how the French
troops, largely made up of Tureos
and Zouves, tehir faces agonized and
distorted with pain from thc effects
of the fumes, surged back in a wild,
disorganized, panic-stricken crowd,
leaving thc line broken, and the Canadians, whose trenches adjoined
theirs, in a position of dire peril, their
flank and rear devoid of support, and
the Germans pressing forward in
wave-like attacks, in attempts to get
behind them and cut them off.
It was an ordeal such as would try
the most seasoned troops, and the men
ho had to meet this emergency were
men from the factory, the counter
and the farm in Canada.
What happened is briefly recorded
in Sir Max Aitken's book on "Canada in Flanders." He tells how it
fell to General Turner to save the
day. General Turner accepted the
situation with the same quiet heroism he had shown when he saved thc
guns at Komati River. His prompt
decision as to the course to adopt,
and the undisturbed confidence of his
demeanor, inspired his men to do
heroic things that day. Swiftly General Turner began to extend his lines
and to throw his left flank southward
so as to close up the line and bar the
way to the Germans who were trying
to force a passage through the gap
and attack the lines on either side
in the rear.
./What he and his men endured during that frightful time of trial no pen
can: adequately tell. Everything calculated to shock the senses and make
the spirit quail seemed to have broken loose at once���the blinding, choking poison clouds, the panic-stricken
Algerians who thought that the powers of hell itself had burst in fury
upon them, the deluge 6f shells, and
then night, with darkness to accentuate all the horrors. Still they fought
on, with no thought but to keep the
line from being pierced until reinforcements could arrive. General
Turner was here, there, everywhere
���inspiring his men, keeping up their
spirits, and making quick dispositions to meet every move that the
Germans made. Says Sir Max Ait-
ken of that terrible test:
"The story of the second battle of
Ypres is the story of how the Canadian Division, enormously outnumbered���for they had in front of them
at least four Divisions, supported by
immensely heavy artillery ��� with a
gap still existing, though reduced, in
their lines, and with dispositions made
hurriedly under the stimulus of critical danger, fought through the day
and through the night, and then
through another day and night; fought
under their officers until, as happened
to so many, these perished gloriously
and then fought from the impulsion
of sheer valor because they came
from fighting stock."
It was during this battle, while
readjusting tbe line, that the enemy
took four British 4.7 guns, in a small
wood to the west of thc village of St.
Julicn. The General Officer commanding the Canadian Division ordered
a counter attack, with the object of
getting back the guns, to he made
by the 3rd Infantry Brigade, under
General Turner. This Brigade, wilh
reinforcements, launched the attack
at midnight���and thus General Turner found himself in another fierce
struggle to save guns from the enemy. And, although the Canadians
were sprayed with bullets from machine guns "like a watering pot," and
suffered heavy casualties, they drove
the Germans out of the wood, and
regained the guns, only to find that
the Germans had rendered them useless. Later the wood had to be evacuated by the Canadians because it
was raked by the Germans with a terrible artillery fire.
General Turner had done notable
work since then. But his greatest
achievement will probably remain
that successful swinging of his line
and the barrage which he and his
men so successfully effected to the
most desperate efforts of the Germans to break through the gap in
the line left by the panic-stricken
Tureos.
General Turner is of English and
Irish origin, and belongs to a family
that has long been prominent in the
City of Quebec, where, by the way,
he was born on July 25, 1871. His
father is the Hon. Richard T. Turner, who is a member of the Legislative Council of the Province and is
connected with many business enterprises, the principal ones being
the important wholesale grocery firm
of Whitehead & Turner and the Turner Lumber and Pulpwood Company,
with extensive limits around Lake
Edward, Que.
General Turner is the eldest son.
He was educated in the Quebec High
School and in England, and acquired
his business experiences under his
father. His main business activities
have been with the wholesale grocery
firm in Quebec, which is an extensive
importer of West India, China,
and Japan products, and occupies an
important position in the provincial
trade. In his position as one of the
heads of this firm, General Turner
was always known as a quiet and assiduous worker, very energetic and
methodical, but hiding aggressive methods behind a most modest demeanor and rather delicate-looking physique.
I asked Major Morris, of the 13th
Scottish Dragoons, who knows General Turner well, how he explained
the fact that business men like General Turner���for General Turner is,
after all, essentially a business man
rather than a paraded soldier���how
it was that such men, with a short experience in the regular army, could
show up so well against officers
trained all their lives in the science of
warfare.
Major Morris' answer is worth giving.
"This is how I figure it out," he
said. "When a man becomes a professional soldier, his career is definitely mapped out for him. He
knows that if he reaches a certain
standard and remains in the army a
certain number of years, he will be
promoted according to precedent. In
other words, other things being equal,
his career is made for him. But business men have to fight all their lives
���for business is a fight. They have
to match their brains against competitors all the time. They have to
handle men, and not only handle
them, but direct those men so that
their energies will yield a profit instead of a loss. They are constantly
being called upon to meet emergencies
and to make decisions of importance.
Their whole business creed is that
what they set themselves to do they
must do.
"When such men become officers
they bring to their new task trained
intelligence, splendid experience in
handling men, and an alertness to all
emergencies that frequently proves
amazing to professional soldiers.
Once they have mastered the details
of soldiering they bring the brains
of trained business fighters into play,
and they prove themselves equally
as capable in war as in business to
handle men under any circumstances
and meeting any difficulty.
"Here in Canada business men hold
that nothing is impossible. Look at
the men who build our railways. Nothing can stop them. Look at the
men who develop our natural resources, and build up our industries. No
difficulty is too great for them to
tackle. And when men, trained in
the resourceful, seif-reliant business
life of Canada, turn their splendid
abilities to making war, they show
that the qualities which distinguish
them in one field of endeavor will
distinguish them also in another.
That is how I account for General
Turner's success as a soldier. He is
a business man of high intelligence
and splendid training, with fighting
blood in his veins."
W. J. Ledingham (Soc.)
Wm. McNeish (Ind. Con.)
J. E. Wilton (Lab.)
J. Goodwin (Soc.)
J. Harrington (Soc)
H. G. White (Ind.)
Robt. Cassidy (Ind.)
W. R. Trotter (Ind*. Lab.)
E. C. Appleby (Ind.)
J. H. Hawthornthwaite (Soc.)
P. Williams  (Soc.)
Dr.  E. A. Hall  (Ind.)
P. R. Smythe; A. Morlcy (I.)
Dan Pougard (Soc.)
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DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE'
OTTAWA.
..A*w
CANADIAN  LUMBER   EXPORTS
TO U. S.
The imports ef Canadian lumber
into the United States for the 11
months' period ended May 31, 191C,
totalled 1,080,360,000 feet, valued at
$20,107,172. This is an increase over
thc  imports of  thc     corresponding
too few. His family suffers with him.
When he can't arrange to get away
from home, they must submit to thc
same distressing confinement. Time
and the ability to get away on a moment's notice mean everything, for
the train or trolley traveller the Saturday half-holiday is merely provoking; it's too short. Even the full day
on Sunday is spoiled through delay*
and the thousand and one other trou-
provision that a period of from four ibles that result from depending upon
to six years must elapse before a vole  other people to carry you.
rests the responsibility of first arriving at the most nearly correct position possible of affairs on thc coming of peace, and, second, of making
adequate preparation to meet that
Situation It is to this class that thc
Minister of Trade and Commerce has
appealed and whom  he has called  to
months of the preceding year     from mcet in convention this autumn, pro
the Dominion of about five millions
of dollars.
Exports of sawed lumber for May,
1916, totaalled 95,900,000 feet, valued
at $2,286,052, as compared with 92,-
631,1X10 feet exported in May. 1915,
with a value of $2,161,171. For thill months ended May 31; the aggregate ckports of sawed lumber were
1,084,423,000 feet, valued at $25,673,-
778, and for the corresponding period
of the preceding fiscal year 1,019,-
5&7.0OO feet, valued at $22,570,992.
Thc average import price of boards,
deals, planks and ojber sawed lumber
brought into the United States in
May, 1916, was $19,43 a thousand.
The average price of sawed lumber
exported from -the United States during the same month was $23.84 a
thousand. Canada, under normal
conditions, is the second best export
customer thc United States possesses.
* tf *
CANADIAN EXPORTS OF SHINGLES TO U. S.
For the 12 months ending with
June a total of 1,769,333,000 shingles,
valued at $3,593,696, were imported
from Canada; whereas the importations for thc same 12 months of last
year, 1,487,116,000 shingles, valued at
$3,104,698, were imported.
For.the corresponding 12 months
in 1912 and 1913, or before the duty
was removed, a total of only 560,-
297,000 shingles were imported.
A total of 152,524,000 shingles were
imported into the United States from
Canada during June. These were
valued at $337,722. The month's imports were slightly less than during
the corresponding month last year,
when 165,649,000 shingles, valued at
$338,175 were imported. Thc comparative figures would indicate a
relatively higher market value for
shingles during June, 1916, than during June, 1915, undoubtedly due to
Rite-Grade  advertising.
* * *
PREPARING FOR PEACE
Although peace rppears to be yet
a long way off, it is a very practical
undertaking for the business interests
to engage, first, in seeking to determine   the   effects   of  peace   on   busi-
bably
1!. C.
the  latter part  of October-
Financial Times.
on reversion to the old system may
be had. Under such conditions no
city has ever "gone back."
The motorcyclist is free. He can
trundle out his mount, hop in the saddle and  head  for  the  open  country.
The first administration had to deal|f��r ^ calm waters of-a lake nr the
with tbe usual heritage of politics j beckoning billows of the seashore, in
from the old government and a patch- a few minutes. A side-car will corn-
work charter.    It did not work the in
A REACTION IN DENVER
A( a special election on May 9,
Denver, thc fifth largest city in the
country to adopt thc commission
plan, abandoned thc system after a
three years' trial and adopted the
"mayor" form.
Several months ago the Denver
Charter League, which had been investigating thc administration, resolved in submit a charter amendment for a reversion to thc mayor
plan. When their efforts took a serious turn, the city hall employees
(among whom the influence of former mayor Robert VV. Speer was
strong) decided not to oppose the
league directly, but to submit a second proposition for a similar plan
which would automatically elect
Speer as the first mayor. Later a
third amendment was put out by the
republicans, naming William \V.
Booth. The Speer amendment was
carried by a vote of 30,883 to 22,178;
the Booth amendment vvas lost by 44,-
254; the original amendment naming
no candidate was lost by 45,427 to
6,514. These are the unofficial figures.
It is clear, therefore, that the issue in the election was not the simple, clear-cut one of commission government vis. the mayor plan, but it
was wrapped up in the much more
personal question as to whether or
not Mr, Speer should nor should not
be returned to power. The amendment was what is referred to in New-
York political circles as a "ripper"
measure.
A word about the new mayor will
throw some light on the situation.
He is_a familiar figure in Denver politics and in many ways ho seems to
be a man very much after the heart
of the western community which he
has been called to serve. During his
previous administration, when ministerial delegations informed him of
thc prevalence of gambling and other
forms of vice, he is said to have cheerfully admitted the facts, informed his
visitors that he was mayor and was
quite willing to shoulder thc respon-
fortably accommodate thc missus and
the kiddies���if the rider is blessed
with such responsibilities���and from
start to finish there will be the pleasant knowledge that all hands are having a jim-dandy outing at a negligible
cost.
That's an interesting point���the low
out by political scientists,' revealed |c"st- Instalment systems have now
themselves in Denver. The lack of Placcd the motorcycle within Jhfy
a strong executive to keep thc com-Veach of even the workman of low
missioners working in harmony seems I waBes- amJ the running expense need
to have been evident, for as the Den- never be a drawback. The worker
ver TIMES said, "There has bee�� wh�� allows ",e item of exPensF **��
enough lost motion, beginning with keeP llim from USI,16 a motorcycle
Mayor Arnold and continuing through in order t0 6ct '" touch with thc pas-
the   present   headless   administration
stant regeneration  that many people
expected.
That there were  sound reasons  for
the abandonment of the  old charter j
is not to bc denied,    'lhe weaknesses
inherent   in   the     commission     plan |
which   have   been   frequently  pointed
ness in Canada, and, second, to pre- sibility for his official acts, and let
pare for the shock to trade that will | *t go at that. Through his initiative
come with peace and take commer-|the city entered upon thc building of
cial advantage of it. | boulevards   and     other     big     public
Peace will come, except by acci-j works. A large municipal auditor-
dent, at thc time of thc exhaustion|'um was built ami free music dis-
of Germany's manhood and wealth, pensed. Thereby Mr. Speer acquired
While thc initiative is now in the a reputation for resourcefulness and
hands of the Allies, thc question of j force. The people of Denver return-
offensive strength is yet to bc fully[et] Mr. Speer to office wiih a full
tested. The aim nl armies is not to knowledge of what they were doing,
acquire   territory   primarily,   but   to I    The recent election was apparently
destroy effectives. When will the
destruction of German effectives
have- reached a point when the Allicf
may march without serious opposition through German territory? The
day they can will bc thc end of the
war. Military opinion is that thc
war cannot end, always excluding the
possibility of accident, before July,
1917. The War Offices of thc Allies
are placing orders for delivery during the first half of 1917, and it is
stated that some orders have been
placcd for delivery during the second
half of 1"17. Opinion among army
inspectors in Xew York, reflecting
as it docs the opinion of the Allied
staffs, is that the end is not likely
until the second half of 1917 at the
earliest, with the majority of opinion
for thc end to come at a still later
date. The enormous problem of
beating Germany is manifest.
While the chief business in Canada
is to devise ways and means of accomplishing this end, there is a large
body of men in business who are unfitted for pursuits of war, or who are
the reaction that is anticipated in most
commission   government   laws   by  a
* * * *j*|)e return 0f Mr. Speer may
mean 'one-man' power, but that is
better than no-man power," The
commission-manager plan. which
would have unified the administrative
departments, was suggested as the
way out, but apparently the city was
in no mood to enter upon what it
chose-to consider an experiment.
Under the new charter the powers
of the mayor are enormous. Among
them are included that of selecting
the heads of all departments of the
city and county and of removing any
civil service employee without a hearing. The council will be composed
of nine members elected by districts;
but in the first instance (till the next
election)'the mayor himself will appoint four, and the remaining five
councilmen will consist of one member elected by each of the five following bodies: the Denver Real Estate Exchange, the Rotary Club, the
Manufacturers' Association, the Denver Trades and Labor Assembly, and
the Denver Civic and Commercial
Association. To what extent the
prospect of having a direct representative in the council influenced1
members of these organizations to
vote for Mr. Speer is of course, problematical.
times that he lives is merely double-
crossing himself, fie is "penny wise
and pound foolish."
To the Beach in the Evening
By using a motorcycle the average
worker can even arrange to visit his
favorite beach in thc evenings. Fifteen or twenty miles of a run in the
cool of the evening wouldn't make a
motorcycle "breathe hard" whereas a
similar trip by train or trolley would:
be out of the question.
If a day trip is to be made it is the
simplest matter imaginable to stow
a substantial lunch either on a solo-
machine or in a side-car, and it is-
equally easy to add a camera or any
extra articles that may be needed.
Very little information has pessed
the British censors in relation to the
work of despatch riders along the
British front in Flanders and North
France. A significant statement has
just been received however, from
Sergeant George Brooks, Divisional
Signalling Corps, C.E.F., regarding
the work of the motorcycle and bicycle despatch carriers during recent
heavy fighting in which the Canadians participated. This is his note:
"The despatch riders never got a
minute's rest. As soon as they came
in, out they went again without a
murmur. I was proud of thc boys as
I know what they had to go through
and they neVer fell down."
Ellis Wyndham  has  written  home
to  Vancouver  a  most graphic  story
of despatch riding under fire at Ypres
detailing how motor cyclists work at
spending the greater part of the sum- night under high  pressure.    Accord-
mcr on the prairies, visiting relatives  '".?   <��   bis    story,     Wyndham     was
and friends. blown  clear of the  motor bicycle  he
* * * was   riding   by   thc   concussion   of   a
���    high  explosive  shell  which    alighted
uncomfortably  near.    Writing fo  his
Mr. and Mrs. H. Peck of Prince Rupert are in the city in the course of
a motor trip to Bellingham.
* * *
Miss Lillian Lloyd, Seventeenth
avenue west, has returned home after
Miss L. Wilson has left for Esqu
malt, where she has accepted a posi-1
tion on the nursing
tary hospital.
sta!f of the milt-
father,   the   despatch  rider  says     in
| part:
"This  ha<*  been  the   heaviest  fighting .ever on the British front, according to  the  British  war  office,  and   I
Victoria today on her way to England, am glad  to have had the  experience
where    shc^ has  been  accepted   for Lf riding through it.    1 tell you it is
Miss  Edith  Beard  is  starting
nursing
cicty.
duty with the Red Cross So-
��� Bicycle Notes & Wanderings
By   Rover
Cycling for Boating and Bathing.
You can laugh at trains, cars and
jitneys if you use a cycle to reach
your favorite lake or seaside resort. Absolute freedom and low
expense are assured.
No one who has given a moment's
thought to* summer vacation tendencies can deny that boating and bathing are among the most fascinating
of hot-weather occupations���but thc
transportation problem is ever present for thousands who wish  to avail
themselves of those pastimes. The
most needed in maintaining Canada on | person who lives even a few miles
a high plane of business activity, and, from the seashore or a lake is often
thus serve the nation. Upon this class deprived of the beneficial effects of
BOND INVESTMENTS
Primarily, look for healthy security and buy from a responsible
Company that has carefully scrutinized the investment.
Second, consider the interest returns.
The safeguards of a true investment can be easily verified. The
B. C. Municipal Bonds we handle are a charge on all properties
within each respective municipality. They yield from 6X per
cent, to 7H per cent.  Consult our Bond Dept. in person or by letter.
Canadian Financiers Trust Company
Head Office: 839 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B.C.
PATRICK DONNELLY, General Manager.'
water sports through the dread of
stuffy, crowded trains or equally
crowded trolley cars.
For such persons the motorcycle,
or the bicycle, save the day���perhaps
many days. If the trip to the water
is a comparatively short one, a bicycle will meet all the requirements,
combining pleasant and moderate exercise with the refreshment due to
the change of scene and the fun derived from being in, or on, the water.
If the trip is longer, say anywhere
from ten to fifty miles, the ideal vehicle is the motorcycle���ridden solo
or with a side-car attachment, as the
conditions  may require.
The average worker's holidays are
some excitement; ammunition going
up, and empties coming back just
mile after mile of galloping horses;
trucks going aud coming, and everyone yelling nnd swearing all their
migh; to "keep to thc right," and wc
ride up through thc centre just as
hard as we can go. And all this is
done at night, when no lights can be
used. In thc daytime there is not
one one-hundredth part of the traffic,
but one will see hundreds of dead
horses.
"I have had pretty good luck so far,
until last night a shell landed right
beside me on the road and blew mc
off the machine into the ditch. A
piece of thc shell grazed my arm and
made just a little cut, but I hurt my
knee in the spill, so the doctor told
me not to ride for a week. My machine was all smashed."
No complaint, no tale of hardships,
just a cheerful notification of the accident, with the bald statement that
he does not want to go to the hospital! Such is the character of the
men who have gone from this province to carry through the hazardous
work of despatch riding in thc thick
of the conflict.
Massey-Harris Bicycles
For Rapid Delivery or Messenger Service, the "MASSEY" is ���
general favorite.
Built to stand the hardest usage, very easy running.
MEN'S ROADSTER, $45.00. IMPERIAL, $30.00
W. H. MORRISON
108   HASTINGS   STREET   EAST EIGHT
Wt ��tm$wfo
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1916
Norfolk Suits
Norfolk Suits for Men and Voung Men
PRICE:
$16.50
Blues, Fancy Worsted, Browns, Greens and Greys
NOTE:
Navy blue suits under $20.00 do not carry our guarantee to be fast color.
WM. DICK, Ltd.
33���47���49 HASTINGS ST. E, VANCOUVER
"Two Big Stores for Men"
Shooting ��� Fishing
The Fraser Valley
Is the Best and Handiest Field for
sport in the vicinity of Vancouver
TAKE   THE   B.C.   ELECTRIC
Three Trains to Chilliwack daily:   8-30 a.m., 12-50 and  5-30 p.m.
Additional Train to Jardine only: Daily except Friday and Sunday, 6-30
a.m.   Friday, 5 a.m., Sunday 6-50 a.m.
Carrall and Hastings
Plione Seymour 5000
Vancouver's Musical Treat
What a veritable feast of glorious
harmonies was offered to the music
lovers of Vancouver on Thursday evening last at St. Andrew's Church,
by those wonderful brothers, Jan
Leo and Mischel Cherniavsky. That
it was appreciated was shown by the
enthusiastic recalls given by a large
and without doubt, critical audience.
The programme commenced with
Schumann's trio in B flat. Op. 99, always a popular number. Thc second
movement, the Andante, so pregnant
with sympathy, being followed by the
dainty delicate Scherzo with its running staccato passages for the, strings,
then thleAllegro Vivace finish, as
played by these clever musicians, certainly served  to  hold their audience
HVWKWVXt^OIMM
Baby's Milk
MOTHERS! What action have you
taken regarding Baby's milk?
Arc you continuing to use that milk
of   questionable   quality   and     fresh-
Health and medical authorities all
over this continent are daily warning
parents to take more care of the little
ones���to give them pure, clean food
and plenty of fresh, clean milk.
Do not risk the health of Baby���or
the grown-ups for that matter���by
serving milk of uncertain quality.
Investigate the superlative merits of
Sou-Van Milk���a clean, rich, wholesome and nourishing milk that is
scientifically pasteurizlcd and delivered fresh in sterilized bottles. A
trial bottle sent to any mother who
phones Fair. 2624.
SOU-VAN CREAM
Rich, thick and fresh. Delicious
dishes can be made with this wholesome cream. Ha*lf pints,
10cents
SOU - VAN BUTTERMILK delivered daily���try a quart.
SOU-VAN MILK
South Vancouver
Milk Company
Scientific Dairymen
29TH AVE. AND FRASER
Phone Fairmont 2624
spellbound. And this was only the
first item���there was even better to
follow, as we soon found, when Mischel Chcmavsky gave his 'cello solos, first the Evening Song by Schumann, next Saint-Saens Allegro Appassionato, then a Gavotte by Bach
(unaccompanied), such a fascinating
little gavotte, and lastly. Davidoff's
Spring Time, which so truly visions
sunshine, birds, flowers and hope, in
its daintiness and delicacy. In response to a double encore we were given yet more instances of the extreme
versatility of this voung musician,
who undoubtedly ranks as one of the
finest 'cello players in the musical
world today. He was followed by Jan.
Cherniavsky at the piano in three
selections of Chopin���that sp beloved
of all piano players. He gave a fine
interpretation of each, the Blacksmith's prelude being placcd with
good effect between thc lovely nocturne in E major, and the Ballade in
A flat, and calling forth unrestrained
applause.
The pianist, like his brother, graciously responded to a double encore.
He was followed by Leo. Cherniavsky, in a violin concerto Op, 23, by
Ernst, which fine work he gave in
brilliant style. His playing is remarkable for its purity and clearness
of tone throughout, noticeably in the
rapid staccato passages, and there is
sympathy even in the highest harmonics. Needless to say he received
an enthusiastic recall. Mention must
bc made of the excellent playing by
Alex. Czerny, which undoubtedly enhanced the solo work.
The programme closed with three
trios, Andante Religioso by Thome,
Serenade by Arensky, and lastly a
picturesque Slav Dance by Dvorak,
played in such vivid and characteristic
manner that the highest pitch of enthusiasm in the audience was roused.
Vancouver music lovers sincerely
hope that some day in the future will
see a return of'these clever brothers
to thc city. ���L. R. T.
In Montreal, a Canadian soldier and
an Italian had a mix-up and the soldier gave the Italian a beating. Then
the Italian stabbed the soldier. When
the case came up in court thc soldier
pleaded with the magistrate not to
send the ItaaHan down. He was sue-'
cessful. too. Judge Bazin complimented  the  soldier on  his fine  spirit.
Contents
INTRODUCTION BY SIR CHARLES HIBBERT TUPPER    4
TAINTED AT THE FOUNTAIN HEAD    S
THE DIFFICULTIES OF A BUSINESS GOVERNMENT    8
THE  CURSE  OF  PATRONAGE    9
THE OLD TIME GAMBLER  13
THE SKULL  AND CROSS BONES OF RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION  IS
HOW B. C. RESCUED FOLEY, WELCH & STEWART  20
THE  GOVERNMENT  SHIPBUILDING  LEGISLATION  24
SOLDIERS AND THE LAND SETTLEMENT PROBLEM....  28
THE LIQUOR PROBLEM���REFORM OR PROHIBITION  30
GAMBLING WITH PROHIBITION   34
THE GREAT PLUGGING CONSPIRACY  38
PLUGGING���THE  BASTARD  OF POLITICAL PATRONAGE....  41
THE  FINANCIAL SITUATION  44
POLITICAL  PEREGRINATIONS       47
BUSINESS AND THE POLITICAL SITUATION  48
OUR STANDARD OF POLITICAL MORALITY ,  50
c&
ORDER
TODAY
I        1         I        I
For sale at Forsyth's Book
Store, corner of Hastings and
Homer, the Standard Office
426 Homer, or at any news
stand.

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