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The Standard Sep 30, 1916

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Array Vol. V, No. 22���Established 1911
Price Five Cents
Canada's Blood Brotherhood
Will Demand Political Honesty
* * * * *******
Not Expediency, But Right Must Rule
*      *      *
SOME four weeks ago it was suggested in these columns that Premier Borden would strengthen his cabinet immensely if he eliminated the King Pin of Politicians, the lion. Robert Rogers, Minister of Public
Works, and the Master of Tacticlessness, the Hon. Sam
Hughes, Minister of Militia. Certain happenings since
then have surely made it necessary for the premier to insist on the resignation of the first at *hny rate, even if the
second is allowed to prove his disabilities at the expense
of his abilities. For the Hon. Robert Rogers in his amazing attempt to prejudice the finding of the Royal Commission enquiring into the manner in which the Manitoba
Agricultural Buildings was constructed, brought the whole
judiciary of Canada into contempt. Whether he was
right or wrong in his contention that no judge has a right
to sit as chairman of a commission and receive payment
for so doing, does not matter. If Judge Gait is wrong,
it is a matter for the Minister of Justice to attend to, although it might be perfectly correct for the Hon. Robert
Rogers privately to bring the matter to the notice of the
Minister of Justice. But for the Minister of Public Works
to stand up in thc court and state that he himself had recommended Judge Gait to the bench and therefore felt
it his duty to make public comment on the manner in
which Judge Gait was acting on the commission, is thc
grossest impertinence. In fact Mr. Rogers' whole statement, especially the one issued to the press when he was
leaving Winnipeg, was so obviously made with a view
to prejudicing the finding of the commission, that it was
the Hon, Robert Rogers, not his editors and reporters
on the Winnipeg TELEGRAM, who seems to have been
guilty of contempt of court. Presumably Mr. Rogers,
who prides himself on the extreme astuteness of his political manipulations, believed that at last the evidence had
been too clearly established against him and felt that his
only resource was to try and iscredit the chairman of
the commission.
If the evidence of the contractor is to be believed, it
certainly would seem to any ordinary citizen that Mr.
Rogers had been "caught with the goods." Of course, as
Mr. Rogers says, the transaction took place some time
ago, and he cannot remember the details. To assert, as
the contractor asserted, that Mr. Rogers should have
suggested political contributions and a higher tender to
allow for such contributions, seems incredible���to Mr.
Rogers. He seemed highly indignant that such a thing
should bc deemed possible, which must have made the
court smile.
Mr, Rogers is one of the most charming, genial, generous, and astute men in Canada, to those whom he likes.
But he only understands politics from one point of view.
To him they are a great game, the expenses of which
have to bc paid by someone. Presumably as the contractors who desire government business are supposed to
make a profit out of the business, there is no reason, to
such men as Mr. Rogers, why they should not contribute
to tlic political funds of the party which is able to award
them contracts. If they have not allowed for such a contribution the raising of the tender by a few thousands is
natural enough���that is to the politician who only knows
that kind of politics, the politics 01 patronage and pmer-
ing of thc public. Mr. Rogers was supposed to hold all
Manitoba in his pocket for thc Conservatives, and until
thft Parliament Buildings scandal came up, he did so. But
the party he represents so ably, as far as patronage is
concerned, received not only an upper cut but a solar
plexus blow over that.inquiry, with the result that thc
Hon. Robert Rogers does not have the same kudos, even
although he has the same excellent department of public
��� works under his control. The further inquiry into the Agricultural Building seems to have brought patronage a
little more home to Mr, Rogers, and, in consequence,
there is an, as yet, unvoiced sentiment all over Canada
that this charming, genial, delightful person, whose political morals are no longer fashionable, should resign.
But this sentiment which was almost intangible, at any
rate before Mr. Rogers made this appalling blunder, which
in tactlessness almost equals the. effusions of the Hon.
Sam Hughes, will surely take shape now and be voiced
by his own party and his own colleagues. Surely they
can sec the writing on the wall. Surely while there is yet
time Premier Borden will act. Surely Canada is not to
lose thd services of such stalwarts as the premier himself, and some of the members of his cabinet such as the
Right Hon. Sir George E. Foster, the Hon. Martin Bur-
rell, and the Hon. Sir Thomas White. Arc the Rogers'
and Hughes' of this country for ever going to destroy
the reputations and chances of such excellent administrators as the others have proved themselves to be.    No
government would desire better men. Even the opposition will admit that the handling of the finances of the
Dominion have been masterly under the aegis of Sir
Thomas White. The Minister of Agriculture, the Hon.
Martin Burrell is immensely liked by everybody with
whom he conies in contact. Not only is he an excellent
administrator, but he is a kindly, charming man, whose
abilities have been proved time and again owing to thc
immense responsibilities thrown upon his department
during the war. Docs any one deny the sterling patriotism, thc sound Imperialism and the sane vision of Sir
George Foster? As iMinistcr of Trade and Commerce
he has made an enviable record for himself, and his eloquence and oratorical powers are well known. There are
others in Sir Robert Borden's cabinet who have proved
themselves good ministers. Is Sir Robert Borden going
to allow the government which all Canada hailed with
such enthusiasm in Sentember 1911 to be killed by the
poison of patronage, just because it contains men of the
old political style like Rogers and Hughes? Does a good
business man keep soiled goods in his shop windows as
a contrast to the excellence of his other material?
The importance of this question is far greater than
many people are willing to admit. Most people take
their politics like other evils, as being sufficient for the
day. But these are great and glorious days when nothing
is sufficient for the day, when the whole world is astir
with new issues, when kingdoms and nations are being
riven, old ideas are dying from sheer inanition, and new
ideals rushing headong to the test of life. Life is plunging
down the long canyons of conventionality with a roar
and surging power which sweeps all obstruction aside.
On this continent we still cling blindly to the customary
ledges on which *we have always taken Tefuge and where
we have always found shelter whenever life seemed likely
to prove a little restless for a time. Life has never yet
swept those ledges within1 our memory; it has never disturbed our equanimity, though God knows it has destroyed much at all times. Still destruction as a rule has
been gradual, and we have been able to shrug our shoulders and remain supinely aloof, feeling rather hurt if we
even got splashed by the ripping waters tearing along
below us. Now we are called upon to fight for our lives,
to plunge into those seething waters and battle with them.
To our astonishment they stimulate rather, than crush us.
They are inspiring in their strength and call forth the best
in man to battle with them. But what sort of battle can
we mike if we have men like the Rogers', Hughes', Bowsers', Olivers' or Pugsleys for our leaders? Can they help
us in thc days we have to face? Can they elucidate our
problems, or even deal with them?
For while we have escaped the terrors of the war as a
nation, while our homes are intact and our women folk
unscarred, while our economic and financial standing has
improved, wc cannot escape the aftermath. We cannot
escape from the problems which war will bring in its train,
from the financial responsibilities and burdens, from the
immensity and the comjilcxity of these problems. To
shut our ears and eyes and pretend all is well would be
fatal. It is cowardly to shirk the future���as cowardly as
thc political neutrality of President Wilson with his "Too
proud to fight" attitude. The United States undjer the
Wilson regime is shutting its ears and eyes to the future
and trusting to luck to find the most comfortable solu
tion of its problems. Comfortable���that is the word which
really sums up the whole attitude of some people. Anything for comfort, anything as long as their own bodies
are warm and they can have their three square meals a
day. If they are satisfied with their position���the rest
of the world can hang for all they care. The whole of
the United States is permeated with that attitude of indifference to anything which does not disturb its comfort,
the war disturbed the comfort of Canada and fortunately,
being young and lusty, the great mass of the people threw
off their indifference and positively jumped to arms. And
by the grace of that enthusiastic response Canada was
shriven and today the people of Canada are insistive that
the past is past and the .future alone is worth while. The
problems of the future are the problems which stir men's
blood. What arc we going to do with our life now that
we know we are alive?
Are we going to slirink from the future or advance to
meet it with thc joy of living in our eyes. Just because
the way is difficult, just because the problems wc have
to face are new and there is no cursed precedent to guide
us���all true Canadians rejoice. The opportunity has*
come to us and'Canada can now prove herself even more
than on the battlefields of Europe. For the problems of
peace are greater, more lasting and more dangerous than
those of war. In a war. there is no permanence. While
it lasts there is nothing tu do but fight on. It is the immediate future which matters in war, and thc immediate
future is to conquer. But while war inspires men to great
and heroic sacrifices on the field, those that remain in the
council halls must also show inspiration or be eliminated.
On their shoulders tails the responsibilities of preparing
for peace, not so much the peace between the nations, but
the peace which makes good the ravages of war and builds
for the future. There can be no such peace if the Rogers,
type is to prevail. They belong to a past generation.
They have done their work, they have played their game
as they see it and the game is too petty and too stupid
for permanence. The game was really adopted from thc
United! States, and so many politicians in. the United
States, much to the disgust of its real people, still wallow
in the methods of the past. It is not politics but ideals
which make a nation, and the nation without ideals is a
nation without a soul. During the war Canada has regained her soul ami the cynical, agreeable, companionable,
genial, astute politicians of thc past never had any soul
to regain.
Xow to all those who watch the signs of the times the
most significant event of the past few months has been
the manner in which President Wilson and Congress held"
up their hands and their country before the threat of thc
four representatives of the1 Brotherhood of Railway Engineers. In a panic lest he lose the votes of the workers,
President Wilson put a match to the industrial powder
barrel and blew everything to pieces. Without any regard
for the rights or wrongs of the case, without any thought
of insisting on arbitration, without any consideration for
the financial and economic problem involved in thc demand of the Brotherhood, he rushed legislation through
a cowering Congress, afraid of its constituents, which
haas effected the whole industrial situation on the continent. To that act can be traced the strike in New York.
To that act will be traced every labor disturbance in thc
United States for a long time to come. This does not
mean that the Brotherhood1 was wrong in its demands.
The railways of the United States are, many of them, immensely over-capitalised and dividends have to be paid on
watered stock. For all we know, they may be perfectly
well able to pay the increase in wages involved, and it
must be admitted that the strain entailed by their work
on certain sections of the railway workers is sufficient
if it lasts eight hours. But the basis of all development
is production, and the cost of production is largely complicated by the cost Of transportation. Whether Pres
dent Wilson's action will ultimately lead to the nationalisation of the railways is not the point. The whole
point is that the President of the United States gave way
to a demand without consideration of its results, in order
to obtain votes.
In brief, he gave the impression that he was afraid,
and labor is not slow* to take advantage of anyone who is
afraid. Labor has been given an excellent illustration of
its power, and it will not be slow to make full use of
that power. No one can blame labor. For years the
politicians instead of studying labor conditions and attempting to educate not only themselves but the countrj
to the necessity for co-operation between capital am
labor, have tried to get money from the capitalists am
votes from the laborists. Concerted action by the union:
has brought about excellent results���from the union point
of view���and at times of the greatest prosperity when
it is immensely important to keep the wheels of industry
turning and when the people understand that great profits
are being made by the corporations���untimely word that
covers such a multitude of Institutions���it is easy to bring
about strikes. It is tactically assumed that thc "corporations" will give way if only to keep the profits which are
rolling up and a few hundred thousand dollars one way
and another do not matter. When in addition to great
prosperity there are two elective parties fighting for
office���the opportunity is obviously too great to be neglected. War profits have seemed to the general public
large enough to warrant a larger division with labor, and
thus the whole stage is excellently well set for the enforcements of demands which in reality are not temporary
but permanent and entail a permanent reorganisation on
the part of the interests involved. Undoubtedly also the
general situation as regards Mexico was an added attraction to the Brotherhood. If there was a national tie up of
the railroads, and the railroads attempted to use strike
breakers, the strikers could realiatc by using force and
disorders would arise which would necessitate the employment of the militia which was fully employed on the
Mexican border.
That briefly was the situation and the lesson to be learnt
therefrom is this. The politicians do not care for anything but the advantage of the moment. Even President
Wilson> with his highly moral attitude toward cvery foreign question did not disdain to betray the country on a
domestic issue which involved grave political risks. His
answer to the railroads was in reality nothing but thc answer of the pettiest ward heeler in municipal politics.
"The Brotherhood controls the votes of 400,000 men at
least, if not a great many more, through sentiment and
affiliations. The railroads only can be said to represent
the votes of their directors. If I give way to the Brotherhoods they will reward me with their votes"���which is
exactly what happened, organised labor being called upon
to support the President as against his rival, Mr. Hughes.
That is a sign of thc times and if wc are not blind, Canada
will make due note of it. For it is nothing whatever but
an illustration of the government of a great nation taking
the line of least resistance. Economics, finance, trade,
principles are all thrown into the political whirlpool to
sink or swim in the best way they can. It is in exact conformity with the whole of President Wilson's foreign
policy; pusillanimity covered by the garb of morality.
It is a hideous fashion���Bryan set it and Daniels sticks to
it and President Wilson affects a sort of grey imitation of
both. He rather inclines to it by temperament and education. He is the schoolmaster in the village school whose
attitude towards his boys is one of example and precept,
mil continual admonishment. The cane is never applied
unless he is quite sure the victim has not some bigger
brother or companion to make a reaction possible. If
the victim squares up to him he at once takes refuge in
moral platitudes and calls on high heaven to witness the
purity of his convictions.
Xow is this attitude tu be the only outcome of the
sacrifice Canada has made? Is the only result of all the
blood which has been shed to be a supine adherence to
our original traits and a return to the pre-war political
attitude? We have sent forth thousands upon thousands
of men who will demand something more than this on
their return. They will form a brotherhood of their
own, a blood brotherhood which will be far stronger than
any other association. The men who have been through
the experience of the war are not going to remain unchanged. What will be their feelings when they return
and find us still eternally squabbling over the spoils of
ofifce instead of reaching out and embracing the wonderful chances which have been given us? Here is Canada, by the grace of her manhood and by the glory of her
spirit, years ahead of the United States. The name of
Canada is mentioned with respect and honor from one
end of the world to the other, and that is an asset which is
going to be worth more than all the population and wealth
of thc United States in the days which are coming. For
it will be generally recognized that we are living in great
days, days which are but the prelude to still greater, and
that we are sealing our place in history with the blood of
our sons. In all ages and in all times Canada will be remembered as having borne her share, swung true to the
compass of her responsibilities, in the Armageddon which
engulfed the world. The one great democratic, non-Teutonic nation which stood aloof, which was "too proud to
fight," and which was too pusillanimous to stand for the
first principles of humanity, even when opposed by such
a waning power as Turkey���was the formerly great United States. If reciprocity was to make Canada an adjunct
of the United States, the war has made the United States
the adjunct of Canada in the eyes of every peasant in
Belgium, France, Poland, Russia and the Balkans. It is
Canada who speaks to Germany within her own gates, not
the United States.
That is the gift the war has given us and it will not
suffice only to speak of it, write of it and shout about it.
Wc who have been given that gift will have to make use
of it and we cannot make full use of it if we are going to
stick to the political issues of the past. Canada has shown
what she can do in war despite her political vampires, and
will continue to give the world full proof of her virility.
It is not her political colonels and other parasites which
have raised Canada to where she stands today and emblazoned her name on thc shrines in thc halls of undying
fame. The press agents who bolster the legend of Sir Sam
Hughes' greatness cannot advertise him into a high command of truups in the field. No one can assert lhat Sir
Sam is afraid���of publicity. Xo une denies him the energy
with which he tackles his duties. Rut it is not only energy
which is necessary. Canada in these days demands something more than hard work. The men who govern Canada must have vision ami must recognise that the old
political methods are dead and that Canadians want to
bury the dead. The issues to be faced are serious and
demand the best in every citizen. They cannot be solved
by the old method. It is not only the youth of the country which must rally to the national service. It is not
only the military which is called upon to risk the "great
sacrifice." Both labor and capital must be ready to make
sacrifices, must be ready to recognise the dawn of a new
day. To settle anything co-operation is absolutely necessary and labor and capital will have to co-operate to solve
our great problems of production. The whole country
depends on that production, and the men who return from
the war will desire to know what those who remained at
home did towards making such production possible. If
labor insists that wages must bc kept to a certain standard regardless of the market in which the manufactured
article is sold, if capital refuses to share with labor the
profits of such manufactures���both will still stand far
apart, antagonistic and determined to carry on the battles
of the past. Government is an advisory board to prevent
such antagonism. The people can be told the truth, not
cajoled with promises and arguments from one side or
the other. Certain questions are quite plain in all business
undertakings. What is the cost of raw material? What is
the cost of manufacture? What is thc cost of transportation? What is the price at which the manufactured article can bc sold? What is thc capital necessary to carry
on the business? If any one of those things is too high
thc business cannot be carried on and production is consequently curtailed. -   '
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WITH the end of thc long night of extravagance and
corruption ,in the Government of McBride and
Bowser, has come the dawn of this Province's
hope. And as it has thus ceased to be merely the function
of THE STANDARD to expose the pretence and hypocrisy, the graft and vile machinations of the government
which dominated and well-nigh damned the Province,
we shall apply ourselves in future to the great problems
of development and expansion. This task will be formidable; for our resources are still immense in spite of their
fraudulent alienations to foreign speculators and boosters;
and they are as varied as the scenic splendour that surrounds and adorns them.
The, new government has herculean work before it. But
it cannot perform miracles, nor can it instantly sweep
away the fearful incubus left behind by the government
which the people so long supported. Mr. Brewster and
his colleagues will require time for this task; and they
will have the assistance and support of THE STANDARD
in accomplishing it. We believe they are capable and
inspired with wide and lofty aims; but they vvill require
the cordial co-operation of the people who have now returned them to power and who have so long excluded
them from any participation in the government.
Let this bc one of the bright aspects of the new administration���a mutual and reciprocal and continuous cooperation between the people and the government. This
we have never had in the past���have not had at least for
thirteen years; and the inauguration of this ideal will
signify a revolution from tyranny and autocracy to true
democracy���a government of the people and for the
people, instead of a dictatorship such as Mr. Bowser relentlessly imposed upon this Province.
THE STANDARD in this grand alliance between the
government and the people, aims to be the exponent of
the people's views from one end of the Province to the
other. And after receiving. and analysing these views,
we shall present them to the government and urge them
upon the government so far as they are practicable and
commendable proposals for advancement. In this way
we deviate from the stagnating ceremonial of consulting
the government and receiving the government's plan or
policy, and then of assiduously convincing the people that
it is right and in their interest.
This attitude in no way impairs the government's initiative in devising methods and means for the utilization
of our vast and varied resources���mines and minerals,
timber and agricultural land, as well as the fisheries,
which Mr. Bowser, as minister of fisheries, so flagrantly
neglected or exploited.
When the world knows the era of the speculator has
gone with thc government that inaugurated it and flourished under it, the genuine investors will instantly come
forth, intent upon the establishment of great industries for
which the Province has natural resources and facilities for
transport and shipment unequalled on the continent.
We shall discuss new industries which will bring not
only people to the Province, but work and wealth to the
people. The potentials of our timber resources for
the manufacture of wood commodities will be a subject
to which we will devote an early attention. \The time is
opportune, for the Germans are at war, and the Germans
with imported raw material'made wood-manufacture one
of tlieir greatest industries���an industry which surpassed
the world and employed more people than the combined
population of this Province and the sister Province of
Alberta. Think of it! And the material for a corresponding industry standing idle around us, and wholly
unutilized except in so far as the overthrown government
utilized it to fatten and enrich the speculator, whose hold
upon it was inimical to or prohibitory of genuine industry.
SIR GEORGE E. FOSTER has come and gone and
whatever else he did when here and the motives and
objects of his visit, on which we shall speak hereafter,
he made an earnest appeal on Sunday last to a large audience in the Orpheum Theatre for the prompt enlistment
of our remaining eligible men. We do not deprecate the
patriotic fervor of Sir George Foster, but he is a Dominion statesman, and we would like to enquire why does he
not go to Quebec and aided by the same panegyrics of
Canadian bravery, make a corresponding appeal to the
flaggcrs and shirkers of that Province?
Contributions to the Empire army is a subject of Dominion control; but it affects every Province alike, and it
would seem to bc incumbent on the Government at Ottawa to see that the manhood of one Province was not
unduly and unequally drained away in making up the
Dominion's projected contribution of 500,000 men, while
another Province stood idly and defiantly aside and contributed the scantiest and most beggarly quota in proportion to its population.
This Quebec has done, and yet Quebec -being preponderating^ French and this war being much more a French
than a British war, was prima facie under the most overmastering obligation of all the Provinces to enrol and
enlist recruits for Canada's contribution to the allied
forces. Quebec, so far, has acted with impunity. Why
should this bc when we are even now confronted with
conscription all over the Dominion and all through the
Provinces which already have sent in their full quota if
Quebec had done what it was her first duty to do not
only on racial grounds but on the basis of population?
Sir George Foster would do well to apply his heroics
to himself; go straight to Quebec and all through it, and
tell thc eligible men that unless they promptly respond
to the call made to them so as to make up the deficiency
of the proposed 500,000 Canadian soldiers, drastic conscription will be applied to them, and not until they have
made up the full quota, according to population, that
Quebec should make to Canada's contribution, would the
same conscription be applied to the other Provinces of
the Dominion.
This would be heroic statesmanship, and it would contrast strangely with the exhortative platitudes addressed
on Sunday last to a Province which long since has contributed far beyond its quota or share both in men and
Are the industries and the works now being carried on
in. this Province to be manned by men of British blood,
or are they to fall into the hands of Asiatics and foreigners
of all kinds; for that is the result that is quickly following
upon the policy of the Government?
The Government has certainly an obligation to see that
one Province is not drained of its men to the advantage
of another, and particularly should the Government safeguard this Province, because it is so largely infested with
the Asiatic and anti-British clement; and the men of
these classes slip into the vacancies created by the removal of men of British blood who while Canada's quota
is still incomplete are constantly imbued with the idea
of the Empire's danger and have placed their lives and
resources at the service of King George.
The tittering of platitudes is not patriotism, and it is
easy for members of Sir Robert Borden's cabinet to talk
to a highly sympathetic audience and to achieve results.
But it is not honest or right dealing to play upon thc
loyal and patriotic sentiment of Western Canada and to
shirk the rather gruesome task of compelling Quebec to
do its own duty.
A general election is in sight, and this is one of the
reasons why Sir George Foster was Jiere and why so
many belated Dominion projects are now in the air, and
it is more than likely this, too, is the reason why there is
a fear to arouse further hostility to the Government in
the East by a straightforward course of action against
Quebec's flaggers and shirkers.
to do about it?" instead of penitently confessing the
wrong, justice is not only challenged, but defied, and if
anarchy, lawlessness, corruption and attendant evils are
not to prevail, the might and the right of justice must be
asserted, and re-asserted, if necessary.
Law-abiding citizens have respect for the law, when the
law is understood and applied for the well-being and protection of men who hold fast to thc truth and live within
the law.
The law, as revealed in the trial just closed, does not,
and should not merit the approval of the people at large,
in another column we publish the finding of Chief Jus-
lice Mathers, Sir Hugh John Macdonald and Mr. Justice D.
A. Macdonald on substantially the same evidence as that
presented before the jury that disagreed. In addition,
they heard the testimony of the accused ex-ministers.
The contrast between thc finding of the Royal Commission and the disagreement of the jury is the difference between common sense related to patent, indisputable facts,
revealed by oral evidence and records, and thc beclouded
decision of men either blinded by prejudice, bamboozled
by the special pleading, or incapable of understanding
the truth when presented before them.
For thc present it is unnecessary to deal with all the
circumstances that may have been factors in leading up
to the present miscarriage of justice, but wc cannot disagree with a contemporary published in a sister eastern
city when it deplores the "mournful apathy" of some
men in dealing with crimes against thc state. How true
it is, as our contemporary says, that owing to this too
long prevailing apathy���
"A generation grows up and behold, men, proven
guilty of the most heinous offences, not only un-
whipped of justice, but elected by a misguided and
uninformed democracy to the highest places."
Mr. Bonnar, in his closing address uttered sentiments
wholly worthy of thc crown and the people, whom he represented, when he appealed to the jury to place the stamp
of disapproval upon men entrusted with public office,
who betrayed the country and sacrificed, for selfish ends,
the good name of the province and its people. He asked
for a verdict that would bc a warning to all public servants; on the verdict of the jury depended, in a great
measure, whether politicians would have to be honest in
this country.
"The clamant question remains, What is to be done?"
says our eastern contemporary dealing with the non-
punishment or conviction of public wrongdoers. The
same question is before us in this province, What is to
be done? Our contemporary appeals to public functionaries, including juries, to take "a wider and more serious
view of their duties. With respect to public wrongs they
should, within their powers, be constantly active and
vigilant. Canadians are rather fond of comparing favorably their systems of judicial administration with those
of the United States. Let them cease to cherish delusions." f
The even-handed justice, this absolute equality in the
eyes of the law, and some of the other things of which
some men speak seriously, and others prate about, have
received a rude jolt. The mending process may be slow,
but God knows there is plenty of room and opportunity
for rehabilitation.
In the meantime all credit to the nine men who returned a true verdict according to thc evidence. For the
dissenting three let us be content to allow them to wrestle
with their own consciences.
Breezes of Indignation
And Information
FIRST the Government let a contract for dredging the
channel in False Creek.
The dredgers got paid for scooping out thc mud.
Then the Canadian Northern let a contract for filling
in thc tide flats beyond the bridge.
The dredgers again got paid for dumping the mud into
the tideflats.
After the tideflats were filled up the Sewerage Board
found out that it must run a great canal through the tide-
Again the steam shovels are put to work to dig out
the canal. After this is done and the great sewer put in
place, the dirt will once more'be moved back.
The mud at the tideflats will be pretty well handled if
the contractors are going to have their way. It has been
handled now three times and each time the people pay
so much a yard. Thus there is money in the dredging
business, the _railway promotion business and building
sewers under the patronage system.
To buy your SCHOOL BOOKS at
G.  S.  FORSYTH  &  CO.
Comer Homer and Hastings Streets
IT might read something like a discussion between Plato
and -Socrates to ask "When is Law not Justice," were
it not that the deficiencies of our jury system and the
injustices to which it frequently gives rise are again clearly
presented to the public mind in the article given below
from the Winnipeg TRIBUNE of Wednesday, the 13th
instant, relating to the famous Manitoba prosecutions
now brought to a fiasco conclusion by the disagreement
of the jury.   The article says:���
The task of an honest press is not'less onerous, dis
agreeable at times, and responsible, than the duties im
posed upon an Attorney-General, a judge or a jury, in
upholding' tlie right against thc wrong, and demanding
that even-handed justice be administered aud punishment
meted out in full accord with the laws of the country and
common sense.
Since the first reliable evidence of the scandalous conduct of public servants who turned traitor to their conn
try and connived with other conspirators to rob the
public treasury���which they did rob���it has been thc
bounden duty of this journal and all others claiming a
place of respect in thc community to press, first, for
Royal Commission of Enquiry, and, secondly, a judicial
trial, fully warranted by thc finding, not alone of the Royal
Commission, but the damning confessions and records of
crime that left not a shadow of doubt in the minds of
citizens of the guilt of certain men entrusted with handling the funds and business of this province.
After wearying months of delay, after overcoming all
the technicalities, real or otherwise, known to or imagined by the fertile brains of special pleaders of the law,
a judicial trial was finally started.
After six or seven weeks of addresses, evidence, cross-
examination, objections by the hundreds, if not thousands,
scenes, even physical threats, calm as well as gruelling,
sometimes insulting, cross-examination of witnesses, a
protest on at least one occasion by the jury against undue prolonging of the hearing���entirely justified,���the
end has been reached���for the present. ���
The jury disagreed, standing, wc are credibly informed,
nine for conviction and three for acquittal.
��� What of this outcome of the trial?
There will be no doubt in the minds of all discriminating
and honest citizens of the country that justice has miscarried. V '
There is not in the manhood of Manitoba any feeling
of malice towards the men still indicted for conspiracy;
the desire is riot to humiliate or even drastically punish
the individuals who were caught red-handed practising the
damnable "system" of filching election funds from public contracts���a practice recognized under Canada's abominable pull and patronage system for a period all too
long���and, in some quarters, not yet abandoned. But
when wrongdoers, caught with the goods, brazenly defy
the law, and assume the attitude of "what are you going
HARDBY THE MILITARY defenses at Esquimalt
Count Alvo von Alvenslebcn, Hans von Schweintz, of
Ratiber, Germany, and Felix von Schweintz, of Potsdam,
owned a large piece of property. It is strange that many
of 'the German's investments in realty in British Columbia were made in waterfront properties along the coast.
In the neighborhood' of Esquimau, Britain's western
outpost of defense, Alvo von Alvenslebcn and his* Teutonic associates owned one piece' of property which was
bought by the Government of Canada for dry-dock purposes.
* *' *
IF HUGHES IS elected President of thc United States
chances are that the shingle industry in British Columbia
will be knocked into a cocked hat. A four-bit tariff on
British Columbia shingles would cut off thc profitable
American market where today most of our shingles are
THE HON. ROBERT ROGERS is very much in the
limelight just now. Here is a little story bout him which
may be interesting. He introduced a friend into "the
House" to hear a very exciting debate���and now and then
visit the "Bar," the one fairly remote from the mace.
The Hon. Robert left his friend, who made his own
way to the bar. "Can I get one���hie���without my fren',
the member?" he asked the doorkeeper. "Oh! yes! You
have been in before with Mr. Rogers. But in case there
is a difficulty I'll give you the password���Idiosyncrasy,"
said the attendant.
"Idio oh!" said the stranger, "I guess I'll sit-down
here and wait for Bob."
* # *
"YOU SIT ON your horse like a butcher," said thc pert
young officer who happened to be of royal blood, to a
veteran general who was somewhat bent from age. "It
is highly probable," responded the old warrior with a
grim smile, "all my life I have been leading calves like
you to the slaughter."
* * *
asks the Toronto STAR. "Is he not utilizing in the new
Parliament Buildings the same old cornerstone used when
the old buildings were started? When it comes to thrift
Hon. Robert Rogers does his bit."
* * *
HON. P. E. BLONDIN says Quebec has done her duty
in men for the front. Blondin has a way of estimating
that is peculiar to some politicians.
* * *
A NUMBER OF TsVonto students who were in Germany
learning music when the war broke out, were immediately
interned. Another Canadian who had been teaching music
in Dresden for many years before the war, was taken from
his home one day and imprisoned in a filthy stable. There
he was kept and so badly treated for a time that he had
to be exchanged' as a prisoner who would not be fit for
military service. In Toronto, instead of interning aliens,
they give them the best jobs that are going, and ask them
to lead their greatest orchestras at their greatest festivals.
Such is the difference between British and Hun kulttir.
1 * * *.
political ca'reers queered in strange and unlocked for
ways, but the story of Mark Twain's experience beats
most of them: A number of his friends induced him to
run for governor of a certain state. He was just getting
started on his campaign tour, and was billed to speak at a
certain large town. He no sooner got upon his pins to
make his opening remarks than about two dozezn negro,
half-breed, chink, Jap and Italian kids, ranging from four
to five years of age, swarmed upon the stage and throwing their arms around his shanks, yelled "Papa!" in great
glee.   That queered him right there.
* * *
IN THE LABOR GAZETTE for September issued by
the Labor Department at Ottawa, deficiency of labor is
reported in the lumber mills at Vancouver and New Westminster, also at Prince Rupert loggers were short of thc
* * *
THE SAME ISSUE also reports that while the Trail
smelter and Rossland properties and the metal mines at
Prince Rupert were active, there vvas a scarcity of skilled
miners as well as of labor in the camps.
* * *
MERE ARE OFFICIAL facts on the question referred to
in our article on B. C's disproportioncd contribution to
thc army.
* f *
THE LUMBER MILLS at Skeena River, idle for the past
three or four years, have been acquired by new owners,
who it is said vvill again put them into operation and possibly enlarge them. Thc mining property known as South
Easter, near Skidegate, is being developed and oVe shipment is immediately expected. Thc Ikeda Bay mine is
shipping 100 tons of ure a month to the Granby smelter.
All signs of vigor in production and of reawakening activity in thc Province are welcome.
* * *
TO THE LABOR GAZETTE we are indebted for the
statement that this is the worst season for sockeye iu
the history of thc Fraser River.
* * *
THE OUTER HARBOR at Victoria is'reported to be
certain of completion before the end of the year. To fin-,
ish the picturcsqucncss of the work, the completion should
bc a little earlier and synchronize with the disappearance
from public view���the completion of the public career���
of its prime projector, Mr. W. J. Bowser.
To the people of the north we say
���Get down and work. You will now
get a run for your labor and for
your money. No obstacles will be
put in your way. Brewster will soon
be at the helm and vvill steer the ship
safely into port where the reward
for the producer will be great and
satisfying. You have placed your
confidence in Brewster. Do not bc
impatient. The Bowser government
tried the get-rich-quick idea and it
was a sad and costly failure. Brewster is out for production from the
citizens of the province���the farmer,
the miner, the lumberman, the fisherman and the manufacturer. Brewster has a dirty mess to clean up at
Victoria. He will clean it up right.
I,t will take a little time and in the
meantime it is the duty of everyone
to produce.���Omineca Herald.
It is impossible not to regret the
occurrence at Winnipeg 'originating
in the remarks made by Mr. Robert
Rogers to Mr. Justice Gait, sitting as
a commissioner to investigate the
contracts for the erection of the Manitoba Agricultural College. It has
led to consequences which Mr. Rogers can hardly have anticipated and
to an issue which never ought to
have been precipitated in this way.
If there is any doubt as to the legal
status of Mr. Justice Gait as a commissioner there must surely have
been better ways of raising the question than an attack upon his personal integrity, which is what a charge
of graft amounts to. But whatever
may be said for or against the conduct of Mr. Rogers, it is impossible
to excuse the newspapers which were
in haste to plunge into the matter.
It has always been the boast of the
Canadian press that it has respected
judges when acting in their official
capacities, and it strikes us as particularly unwise from every point of
view for the Telegram and the Post
to have mixed themselves up in this
matter.���Victoria Colonist.
* * *
Indians assert that the coming winter will be one of the mildest in recent years. They base their assertions
on the following signs: The oak trees
have no acorns; squirrels are seldom
seen; Muskrats have not started to
build; fur-bearing animals have thin
coats; bark on poplar trees is loose.
There are some other signs they go
by for their assertion that the winter
will be mild and short. But there
seems no good reason to believe that
Indians, oak trees, poplars, squirrels
or muskrats know any more about
the weather than the observatory.���
The Sun.
boo. returned to the city after a two
week's visit with her daughter, Mrs.
Harry Furness, at Xew Westminster.
The marriage vvas solemnized at
Wesley church at 9.15 o'clock Wednesday last when Isubel, second
daughter of Dr. and Mrs. David
II. Wilson, vvas united in marriage to
Major Reginald Hibbert Tupper, sun
of Sir Charles Hibbert and Lady
Tupper. The front of the church was
covered with a large Canadian flag,
and banked in vvith palms and a profusion of roses and autumn flowers.
The "Bridal Chorus" from "Lohengrin" was rendered as the bride and
her attendants entered the church.
The young bride (who was given in
marriage by her father) looked graceful and pretty in a three-piece costume of pearl grey crepe meteor, vvith
wide-plaited skirt, and loiig coat
trimmed around thc collar and hem
vvith silver fox fur, and with touches
of palest pink embroidery. She wore
a large tulle hat in the same shade
and carried a shower bouquet of bridal roses. She was attended by her
sister, Miss Alix Wilson, who looked
pretty in a frock of pale pink Georgette crepe, vvith long smock, trimmed in lavender, and lavender colored
hat. She carried a bouquet of lavender and pink sweet peas. The groom
vvas attended by his father, Sir Charles Hibbert Tupper. Rev. Dr. Earnest
Thomas performed thc ceremony.
The groom was married in the uniform of his regiment, the 72nd Sea-
forth Highlanders of Vancouver. A
large number of soldiers who have
returned from France, as well as a
number still in training here, were
present at the church tn do honor to
the gallant young soldier who left
with the first contingent for France
and was severely wounded at thc battle of Ypres, and to his young bride.
The bridal party left the church led
by a piper of the 72nd Scaforth Highlanders   in   full   regimentals.       Lady
Tupper,   mother   of   the   groom,   wasjp*tai;    Her subject was "Ideals." Mrs.
wearing a costume  nf black relieved I Esselmont spoke shortly nf tlic Chil-
with touches of white and dark purple
wrap uf brocaded velvet, with a black
hal. Mrs. Wilson, mother of the
bride, wore a gown of dark brown
peau de soie with hat to match. The
honeymoon is being spent on Vancouver Island.
* * *
A general meeting uf the Local
Council of Women will be held in the
Board of Trade room, Munday, October 2nd, at 2.30 p.m. Executive
meeting at 2 p.m. Business general.
An address ou the laws of 1!. C. pertaining tu women and children will
bc giveu by a prominent local speaker.
* * *
Lieut. Win. A. Campbell, 225th
Kootenay battalion, has resigned his
commission in this unit, having volunteered for immediate service at the
front and is now on his way there.
Lieut. Campbell is a member of the
Law Students' society, and son of
Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Campbell. 1157
Nelson street.
* * *
The Young People's Society of the
First Presbyterian church held a very
successful rally on Monday evening.
There Vvas a good attendance and a
good programme of songs, recitations
and instrumental selections vvas
given. A number of games also
helped to pass a very pleasant evening. The musical programme was
provided by the Misses Miles, Brod-
rick, Burns and Wharton.
* * *
The Mount Pleasant W.C.T.U. met
in the Presbyterian church on Tuesday afternoon. Special reference vvas
made to the prohibition majority on
September 14. and thanksgiving was
the key-note of the meeting. The address of thc afternoon vvas given by
Miss Clermont of the West 12nd hos-
dren's Protective association and the
necessity of finding out the particular worrk for which each child is
adapted and giving them training a-
long that line. Miss McCarthy sang
very sweetly, "My Task."
* * *
The marriage took place in San
Francisco on September 20 of Mr.
C. J. Green, of the railway mail service, Vancouver, and .Miss Dully Auld,
formerly of this city. After spending
the honeymoon in the south, they
vvill make their home in Vancouver.
Ut tt tt
Manager A. Benaglia, nf the Empress hotel, Victoria, passed through
the city on his way to Banff. He will
visit the C. P. R. hotels at this point
aud at Lake Louise, and possibly go
as far east as Calgary before returning to the coast.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. John Sampson of
Xanaimo, came to town last week to
attend the funeral of their niece. Mrs.
M. A. Timms, of 1064 Twenty-seventh avenue. Before her marriage-
Mrs. Timms vvas Miss Effie Jones,
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Jones,
of Xanaimo.
* tt *
Dr. and Mrs. Stephens are spending
three weeks visiting in Vancouver.
Victoria and Seattle, before proceeding to California, where they will
spend the winter.
* * *
The annual meeting of thc Pioneer
Political league will bc held on Friday
afternoon at 3 o'clock at room 203
Carter-Cotton   building.
* * tt
Mrs. E, W. McLean. Jr.. arrived
from Seattle Wednesday morning to
visit Mr. and Mrs. E. W. McLean,
Shaughnessy Heights.
Mrs.   H,   M.   Strang,
returned   from   Bridge
Beautiful 50-inch Printed
Linens for Drapes and
Slip Covers. Less than
An assortment made up uf many
of our best selling designs now
getting down to short length,
enough in most cases for a chesterfield cover and lu drape the
average window. There arc some
real lovely things and they make
a very attractive bargain at this
price.. Regular $1,50, $1.75 and
$2.00 yard.    A .Bargain at   ....98c
Seamless  Tapestry   Rugs
at Bargain prices.
An English line that wc bought
heavy on to gel a big discount.
They are far above the average in
both color and design, and made of
best dyes and yarns. Patterns
suitable for all rooms. We guarantee  lhe  quality.    Two sizes.
6x9 feet   Special, $9.95
7 feet 6 ins. x 10 feet 6 ins. " $11.95
' ���Fourth Floor
18c Art Draperies for
A collection of very handsome
floral patterns on white grounds,
in fast, washing colors, making
dainty hangings and coverings for
Bedroom Furnishings. We have
15 pieces of these useful drapery
fabrics to dispose of and at this
price they should go with a rush.
Full 30 inches wide and regular 18c
yard value.
A bargain at 12c per yard.
Bargains in Staples
We want Saturday of this week
to be a bargain day long remembered in the Staple Department.
Hence this long list of much vvant-
' ed articles, at prices much less
than regular. Read.
10c Roller Towelling, per yd..7J4c
Remnants  of  White   Cotton,  half
50c White Turkish Towels, pr, 39c
$1.25   Hemmed  Napkins, doz.,  79c
85c  Lunch  Cloths, each   59c
$1.75 White Bed Spread ....$1.49
35c pair Fillow Slips, 4 pairs. $1.00
15c Linen Roller Towelling yd, 10c
$5.00 Down Comforters, ca., $3.98
Bleached Damask Cloths, ea��� $1.49
$1.75  Hemmed -Sheets,  pair, $1.49
Week-end Drug Bulletin
It.il. Tooth Paste or  Powd
Celeste Tooth Paste  	
Minty's Tooth Powder, special, 15c
Tooth  Brush and  Tooth   Powder,
reg. 4ilc. Special   25c
Wright's Coal Tar Dentrifice.l5c
Carbolic Tooth Powder, 19c & 28c
Woodward's Gripe Water, Spl., 48c
The exhibition of paintings which
has been held during the week by the
llritish Columbia Society of Fine Arts
in the upper rooms of the School
Board Offices in Hamilton Street,
has been well worthy of a visit from
anj lover of art. In fact justice could
not be dune to the many charming
works shown in one visit and Vancouver may well be proud of the talent
and ability she holds. Some of the
pictures challenge instant attention,
such as "Cossacks in Action." a most
ambitious piece of work, and the artist. J. II. Smith, has the gift of imbuing his men and animals with vivid
movement. The very fine work of
Adelaide Langford, with its depth and
glow, and richness of color, stands
boldly out. She has also a masterly
little water color sketch, "The Shack,"
which, with several others by different artists, arc so typical of the country, and vvill in years to come, undoubtedly be topographically valuable. '"In Suburba," by 11. Hovel, is
very pleasing, it has a restful, cool
effect, the cnlor scheme is of a tone
frequently seen in French landscapes
painting. The work nf Statira Frame
is boldly executed, the clearness and
brilliancy of her sunlight effects being particularly good, as also are the
transparent water effects by W. Ferris in "Deadman's Island." "The
Thaw," by Kate Hoole, is well done,
one can almost feel the chilly dampness of melting snow, and her dog
studies are worthy of note. The portraits of Mary V. Stoddart chow-
great talent, her backgrounds are. well
worked, and the flesh tints good, the
portrait of Miss Phyllis Martin being
particularly pleasing. The Study of
a head by Tom Fripp is cleverly
done, and the Indian woman's head
by Charles II. Scott shows firmness
and boldness in execution. A very
small picture by II. Crumplin called
"An Old Country Scene." is a fine
piece of work, and "Clouds, Beacon
Hill," by VV. !���'. Weston, shows originality and power. An exquisite miniature is shown by R. J- Longden.
and the portrait busts by C. Marega
are   clever   pieces   of   work.       J.   Y\ .
Keagey.has four small etchings, each
of a different style, but all beautiful,
and J. l'itzmaurice's type studies arc
bright and clever.    The paintings  of
Margaret Wake have breadth and
j boldness  of  style,
[ There arc many others that call for
Special mention, in fact each number
1[is worthy nf move than a passing
Igl nee, as visitors lo the Exhibition
have  fi und  for therm elves. Tin
hanei rs of the pictures also des< rve
Store opens at 8.30 a.m. and closes at 6 p.m.
New Fall Styles in
Redfern Corsets
THE NEW MODELS are typical of this excellent make, the styles and qualities being of the
highest order. Redfern Corsets are very superior
and for this reason have had their place in our
assortments for many years. Every season
brings new styles but Redfern quality is always
the same���the best. If you arc interested in real
good corsets j'ou will take pleasure in viewing
the new Redferns. We have many patrons who
will not accept any other make. Come and inspect
these corsets today. We have styles that have
been designed for your particular figure type.
The prices are $5 to $15 a pair.
Phone Sey. 3540
)od results which had been
ihed in this line he cited the
��� e leaf children which had
iv ing tuition for s inie time
���in   in   the   Mount   Pleasant
Sweet Castor Oil
Syrup of Figs, small ..
Syrup of Figs, large
Rickelt's Xursery Rice P
Baby Comforts, reg. 15i
Baby Comforts, reg. 20c
Hospital Cotton, lb. 35c;
Hydrogen Peroxide,  '--lb 15c
Hydrogen   Peroxide,  J^-lb 30c
Hydrogen   Peroxide,   1   lb 50c
Lysol,  British  manufacture���
4   oz 25c
8  oz '...'} 45c
16 oz 85c
Tonics for Fall
Something to  help you  to build
up your system for the winter season.
Compound   Hypophosphites   ..69c
Beef,   Iron and  Wine    69c
Blood   Purifier     69c
Cod Liver Oil Preparation ...,75c
Digestive   Elixir     -89c
Nuxated  Iron    75c
Sanatogen    89c
Wincarnis   ���. ,90c and $1.50
Virol  39c, 69c and $1.19
���Main  Floor
Extra Value in Boys'
We want you to see these boys'
boots to show you how well the'y
are made. Solid right through.
Uppers are oiled. Tan leather or
box kid and stout extension soles.
Boots that are well set up, with
a mannish appearance. At these
prices they are extra good values.
Sizes 8 to 10 for  $2.35
Sizes  11  to 13 for   $2.75
Sizes 1 to 5 for $3.25
36-inch Curtain Scrims at
15c per yard.
A great value giving event.
White and Ivory shades to pick
from with neat openwork borders, a quality that will wear well
and look well. These are extra
value and worth securing. A limited  quantity  only.
Here for, per yard  15c
���Fourth Floor
The "Leckie" Made Boots
���Jj><-    for Men at $4.00 to $7.50.
. 19c r
W'e arc showing an. extensi e
'ange mi' this [reliable make of
bunts, known for its great I .
ing qualities, to stand up a| ���
all weathers. Our new Fall lines
have just the same style as - u ,'���
but...28c     of   the   best   eastern   made   i   ots.
 20c      Thc   newest   lasts   ami   finest   mat-
 20c     erials only being used.   Choices of
 35c     Tan nr Black, Calf leather uppers
jwdcr, 9c    .and a  range nf  weights and styles
for  10c     lo  suit  thc  must  fastidious.     Let
fur   13c     us show you.
3 lhs. $1 Price   $4.00 to $7.50
all mi
-t idied with e
that awful crick
prolonged  visit
mra ftees Thoma
lit' ns
omt  c
u* thc
me  or
Our Easy Payment Plan
of House Furnishing
Appeals to Practical
Wc can furnish your In une economically and well without inconvenience to ynu.
Complete assortment of new
Fall goods, now on display. Let
us show you.
$2.50 Folding Col, strung 2-in.
continuous   post   steel. Double
weave  fabric    $1.98
Single Bed, guaranteed  "..$6.75
Satin Walnut Bed, all metal spring
side Table, Special   $2.75
Ostermoor   Mattress   to   ....$2.75
Saddle   Seat   Diner   fit    $1.98
Reg. $30.75. Special   $17.75
$17.50   Leather   Seat   Rocker     or
Chair    $9.95
Underskirts in New Fall
���specially purchased lines, fashioned in accordance with thc season's latest vogues; perfectly cut
and nicely finished. At these
prices they are better than usual
Taffeta Underskirts, with clastic
fitted waist in pretty shot effects,
with 8-inch flounce; finished  vvith
small   frill    $5.75
Taffeta Underskirts, made with
elastic fitted waist and large circular   flounce,   in   shot  effects   of
white and pink.    Price   $7.95
Taffeta Underskirts, vvith clastic-
fitted waist; in self colors of paddy, black, purple, rose, cerise,
white and pink; made with full
double frill and rotiche trimming.
Price $9.50
sch oul
| city was pointed i
I board at its meetil
i ir   met
n     and
children c
to the    '
this week
i large   delegation   of   those   interested
in thc matter.
j Mr. D. S. Wallbridge was the chief
'spokesman of the delegation, which
represented thc Association for the
Teaching nf Speech to the Deaf. He
pointed out the general objects of the
association was the education nf the
deaf while they were young and
readily learned lip reading.    In proof
iNCOBPOnarep iwo
tin- school b iar
more assistant t
which gave it'di
ill tllc near future by pi
unding municipalities. led
Mr.  Charles  Harrison and   Mr.  C. th
Gregor   ably  supported  till   that   Mr. ca
Wallbridge had said, and added  some an
new   points   regarding   the
provision   for  education   of
and  told  how f iu| ils
all a good teacher 11 ,;i.. - it
ban,iK   in teaching t't
local  teacher was insti    ;;
Municipal School li
emphasized all that h
the delegation and
work at that and perhaps make better
individual progress.
Trustee Stewart, replying to Mr.
Wallbridge regarding the difficulty
in -i" urit g . etent teachers for
tl leaf, said the board realized that,
��� lasi teacher they got they had
tn go to New York to get a competent man.
Chairman   Seymour     thanked     the
1 legation  for the  interest they  had
asing taken in school board  woi
n the pccially in  this important
need   for
the  deaf
and that
i r ipriati
k, and es-
branch of
; assured
bc given
thc board,
: tn secure
year's ap-
ic present
school for
Btead nt trying in
nine pupils tin tea
the nine into tun
four in tin- mornin
afternoon,    lie   wi
���ai     Yet the
ting   nine.
ctor Cordon
nad ih'cii said by
sug rested that in-
teach   thc   whole
her should  divide
grades   am!   teach
[S .'itnl  five  in   the
graduates or high school students to
take shorthand or business courses
and pay for same from salary earned
alfter graduation. Only a limited
number accepted on this plan. Apply
at once in own handwriting to
Success    Business    College,   Vancou-
ample Iver, B. C.
The Hudson's Bay company's talented dramatic club which is putting
on "My Friend' from India" at the
Vancouver Opera House, formerly
the Empress Theatre, on Saturday afternoon and evening is giving this
show for the benefit of the Hart-Mc-
Harg auxiliary to base hospital number 5. The proceeds of this performance will be largely used to provide
trench comforts for the boys at the
front and Christmas cheer for prisoners of war. This, coupled vvith the
.well known ability of the Dramatic
club members, and the popularity of
the play, should ensure bumper
The story is of a family who Coming to New York endeavor to enter
society   but   after   three   years   they
are just where they started and the
girls with all their tutelage are failures. The wayward son, Charles,
moves things up and gets a lot of
people in trouble by bringing home a
man who is an absolute stranger to
Through the abducting of this man
they at last gain a sight of the society star, so Bernice, one of Charles'
sisters, refuses to have anything more
to do vvith Tom Valentine, who is in
love with her, she thinking she vvill
get someone vvith more money as
soon as she makes her debut. Tom
and Charley, unknown to each other,
dress up as .ministers and cause a
However, Mr. Underholt, the father, after being convinced that he vvas
in a trance and countermanded the
invitations to a reception, gives his
consent to almost anything suggest
ed to him and the family go back to
"dear old Kansas city."
The cast of characters is as follows: Erastus Underholt, a retired
packer. Mr. Stanley McKenzie; Mr.
Charles Underholt, son of Erastus,
Mr. F. Cyril Peace; A Keen Shaver,'
a theosophical barber, Mr. Thomas
Lewis; Tom Valentine, a friend of
Charles, Mr. George McLellan; Rev.
James Tvveedles, an African missionary, iir. Arch. Harris; Jennings, a
servant. Mr. Charles H. Humber;
Bill Finnerty,. policeman (one of the
finest!, Mr. G. Morrison; Workman.
Mr. J. McDcrmott; Marion Hayste,
engaged to Charles, Miss V. Butcher;
Mrs. Beekmart Street, looking for a
third. Miss P. Burden; Bernice and
Gertrude Underholt, daughters of Erastus. Miss C. C. Lamberton and
Miss R. Angell; Tilly, a Swedish
maid, Miss A. Schroder.    ��� FOUR
f 1
Sir, ��� The conditions today are
caused not by small men but by big
men. The only people in the world
worth discussing are producers but,
unfortunately, there is no chance for
them, the reason being that freight
rates and other things not necessary
to mention, make it prohibitive.
On Monday I had occasion to visit
outside districts and in the course of
my duties f had an opportunity of
speaking to real producers in the
neighborhood of Mission City. They
told me, one and all, that while they
had fruit, berries and everything
which goes toward making life comfortable, it was not worth picking or
boxing, for the simple reason that
the transportation charges were so
After asking some questions, I discovered that the transportation company looked after the change from the
man who picked the fruit, the man
who grew it, the lumberman who
made the box, the man who conveyed
it to the point of transportation and
the man who sold it. Of the intervening agencies necessary to send it
to the market, nothing was said.
The fruit proposition is only a suggestion, because we began the world
with a piece of fruit, an innocent apple, so that I do not think anyone can
criticise me in continuing the paradox
by staying vvith the apple, although
I have doubts myself as to the original story. There are only a few of
us who realise that we look at things
from different angles. No two persons look at the same object in the
same light; no two persons have the
same ideas about anything, and for
that reason we should not be astounded when we find that in a large community like British Columbia everyone looks upon different subjects in
- a different way. In fact, it is a good
sign to find that other people have
different ideas from yours. If we all
had the same ideas we would be home
sick inside of a week.
Coming down to the Saturday afternoon holiday. Two propositions
present themselves. The first is that
if you do not work you are a vagrant
under the Criminal Code and liable
to punishment. On thc other hand,
if you work you are fined. I know
perfectly well that there is not a
brainy man in the country who can
put these two propositions together
and tell me that they mix.
In conclusion I want to say that we
should all remember that what the
other fellow thinks some times has
a germ of truth, and simply because
we do not agree with him is no proof
whatever that he is wrong. We
should be broad-minded, we should
not say he must not do it. As a matter of fact, I would suggest this, that
instead of discussing the other person, discuss ourselves, because we
know ourselves better than the other fellow does.
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.
Tickets on sale daily,
June 1 to September
30, 1916.
Return limit three
months, not to exceed
October 31.
For full
particulars apply
to any
C. P. R.
It was a great and glorious reunion that the members and friends
of the Yorkshire Society had on
Thursday evening in the Cotillion
Hall, it being the occasion of the inaugural whist drive and dance of the
Yorkshire's  Societv's  sixth  season.
Crowded out of iu old quarters by
an ever-growing membership and a
steadily increasing attendance at its
whist drives and dances, thc Yorkshire Society was, this year, compelled to seek more commodious
quarters, and in Ihe Old Lester Hall,
now known as the Cotillion Hall, has
found a building eminently suited to
the purposes of their entertainments.
Both the whist drive and the dance-
are now arranged to proceed simultaneously, and on Thursday night
during thc first part of the dance
programme a whist drive was held in
a separate room which attracted sufficient players to occupy 25 tables.
Some large scores were made, especially by the ladies, two of whom
tied for first place with scores of 93.
After cutting the cards, Mrs, Shouler
was returned as winner of the first
prize, consisting of a silver flower
pot; Mrs. Chas. Fisher taking the
second prize, a couple of silver salt
shakers; and Mrs. Hallam was awarded the consolation prize, a pretty little silk pin cushion, for a score of
Mrs. Miles, playing as a gentleman,
vvas successful in leading all the gentlemen, and took the first prize (a
gold watch chain) with a score of
92. Three gentlemen, Messrs. Frank
Tocher, F. M. Baker and Mr. Clifford, each with scores of 91, provided
keen competition for the second prize.
Mr. Baker was successful in the cut
and won a reading glass in leather
case. The booby prize was awarded
to Mrs. Pierce for a score of 65.
The distribution of the prizes by
President A. Lobley, coinciding with
the completion of the first half of
the dpnee programme, supper was
served to all under the direction of a
mOst efficient kitchen committee.
Mr. F. W. Devine acted as M, C.
for the whist drive, with Mr. Harry
Whitehead in a like capacity for the
The Morgan-Guild Orchestra supplied the music for the dancing, and
commencing at 9 o'clock, had by midL
night run through a programme of
twenty-two items in a very pleasing
and efficient manner.
The second whist drive and dance
of the Yorkshire Society's present
season is announced to take place in
the Cotillion Hall on Thursday, October 5th, and will be run on the
same lines as proved so successful on
On Thursday, October' 19th,. the
Empire-wide Red Cross Day, the
Yorkshire Society will give a monster benefit whist drive and dance in
the Cotillion Hall, the total proceeds
going to the funds of the Red Cross
Sandy gies some helpfu' tips tae those
aboot tae Mairry
King Constantine of the Hellenes
���to give the Greek monarch his proper title���has of late been most often
referred to as the brother-in-law of
Emperor William, but as a matter of
fact he has many more ties with Allied royalty than with the Teutons.
Of course, Queen Sophie, his Hohenzollern spouse, has probably exercised more influence than all of the
King's "folks" combined, for she is
said to be a woman of great determination. While the Queen is vigorously pro-German in her sentiments,
it is not to be forgotten that she is
a granddaughter of Queen Victoria
of England. Constantine's father, the
late King George, was a brother of
Dowager Queen Alexandra of Great
Britain and the Dowager Empress of
Russia, and the Greek king has always been Alexandra's favorite nephew. Of Constantine's brothers,
Prince George married Princess Marie Bonaparte, Prince Nicholas married the Grand Duchess Helene Vlad-
imirowna of Russia, and Prince Andrew married an English princess,
Alice, daughter of Prince Louis of
Battenberg, while his sister, Princess
Maria, became the wife of Grand
Duke George Michailovitch of Russia. Prince George, the eldest of
Constantine's brothers, has lived principally in France and England of
late years, and' Prince Nicholas and
Prince Andrew have always been
much more frequent visitors to England than to Germany. The Greek
king's sister has spent most of her
time in England since the outbreak
of the war, living vvith her aunt,
Queen Alexandra, and devoting much
of her time and most of the large income from her fortune to the care of
the British soldiers. (Constantine's
mother was Grand Duchess Olga of
Russia, while his father was a Danish
prince. In fact, all of King George's
family ties, with the sole exception
of that of marriage, would seem logically to incline him more toward the
Allied than the Teuton cause.
Weel frcens, I wis a spectator at a
kin' o' unusual ceremony lasi Sunday.
Walkin' along Hastin's Street, my
attention wis drawn tae a crood that
wis lined up at the corner o' Pender
an' Homer. My curiosity as lae "what
wis up" wisnie long o' bein' satisfied
for while I wis wunnerin', a brass
baund struck up an air that ony fellie
that never played onythin' mate classical than a penny whustle wud sune
recognize as some kin' o' dcid march.
The band wis obscurin' the procession at the back, which I felt sure
wis a sodger's funeral, but jidge o'
my astonishment when, efter the band
had passed, tae see a hearse wi' fower
horses drawin' it, an' the pall-bearers
on either side���Chincymcn.
Hooever, Chincymen or no' Chin-
eymen, I peys my respecks, an' like
the rest stood by tae watch the funeral.
I unnerstaun' the late depairted had
been edytur o' the local Chinese
newspaper, an' they certainly did the
funeral in fine style. The Chincymen seem tae think quite a lot o'
their edytttrs���I never saw a British
edytur bein' buried yet. I often wunner what comes owre they fellies
when they get auld. I think they
maun be like some o' the lower animals, they haul themsels awa' intae
some hole an' curl up. I maun ask
Felix Penne the next time I see him
���he's an authority on they sort o'
Hooever, a touch o' humor wis lent
the procession, I think, by the fact
that the hearse wis preceded by a cab
wi' a big photygraf o' the deceased,
a' draped up in black, an' held up tae
the view o'' the passers-by. Alongside the coach a couple o' Chineymen
cairried wee wooden boxes which excited my curiosity mare than onything.
Nudgin' the fellie at my side I askit
him if he kent what wis in the boxes,
an' he vouchsafed the iniormashun
that it wis a record o' the deeds performed by the deceased���he didnie
nention whether it wis his guid deeds
or his real estate deeds���I wis left
tae guess  that mysel.
At the back o' the cortege marched a band o' aboot twa hunder Chineymen. Some^o' them you could see
by the breadth o' their waistcpat had
waxed fat an' rich, an' ithers again
were o' the common garden variety
that peddles the fruit o' the earth at
yaer back door o' a mornin'.
Then at the back o' them came
some fellies cairryin' banners. Wan
wis thc Chinese Republican Society,
anither bore the name o' the paper
the deceased wis connected wi', an'
then, anither, "The Chinese Freemasons." Well I'll be darned. Up
tae this pint I thocht the ceremony
wis bein' conducted in a truly res-
pectfu' an' decorous faushon, but
when I saw that last banner I'll be
(the rest of this paragraph is censored; Sandy has the same amount
of love ior Chinese freemasonry as he
has for his friend, Wullie Bowser, and
is inclined tae tread pretty near the
danger-line when discussing these
It struck me on Sunday efter wit-
nessin' thc funeral that a' the shopkeepers had shut up tae go an' attend it. First I wanted a plug o'
baccy, but never a tibavvcanist could
I see open. Thinks I then I'll hae a
bag o' peanuts, an' wis keeping my
e'en skinned for the vaigetable' (noo
that's a questyin I've never heard
answered yet���is a peanut a fruit or
a vaigetable, or is it a teetotal drinkVl
shop   when   along   comes    an    auld |
r i     ��� I
freen o mine.
'Weel, Sandy, whit's the guid word
the day?" he says.
Whit's the guid word," I" says;
"look here, Jim, what's up wi' the
baccy shops the day an' the ither
storekeepers? Were they ordered
tae shut for the Chinese funeral ���
what the deil's wrang onywey?"
Och, ger'out," Jim replies; "hae
yae' no' been readin' the papers, Sandy? Why, it's Sunday closin'���nae-
body but drug stores allowed open
on the Saubbath noo."
"Weel I'll be jiggered," I says, an'
for a meenit I wis kin' o' speechless
(that word has a different meanin'
noo in British Columby since they
passed the prohibition bill); "dae yae
mean tae tell me I cannie invite yae
tae   come   wi'   me   tae   hat-  an  ice
cream cocktail," I conteenyies. "I
feci as dry as a fried halibut in a
quick lunch coonter."
"Naethin' daen, Sandy," he says;
"it's agin the law; there's a 'bubbler'
across the street if yaer awfu' dry."
* * *
Never hae I saw sic a city o' the
deid as I saw last Sunday. I min'
when I wis a bit laddie at hame, it
wis considered a kin' o' crime if yae
happened tae lauch oot lood, an' if
yae were coppit vvhustlin'���my guid
ness the neebors wud hae went an'
telt yaer mither. But for a' that, il
wis never considered a "crime" tae
buy an orange or a "yarkey," an' as
for ice-cream���gee, some o' the best
"slider feeds" I ever had in my life
wis on a Sunday nicht. That wis
the day we generally divided up the
fitba funds efter we had pcyed them
in the day afore.
It wud seem as if the prohibeeshun
bug had struck Vancoover a' richt.
While it micht be a' richt tae prohibit the sale o' that stuff they ca'
whuskey here, yet I cannie for the
life o' me see why they should pass
laws tae prevent a man or a woman
or a bairn frae haen an innocent refreshment on a Sunday. The next
thing they'll be wantin' tae stop the
cars runnin', they'll be wantin' tae
stop a fellie frae smokin'. It wud
seem tae me there's some folks owre
guid tae live in this world.
Gee, Vancoover looked bad enough
on Sunday, but I wunner what like
it'll be a year hence when the hotels
are shut also, an' wud yae believe it,
freens, they crazy mutts, the fashion
designers back in the East say they're
gaun tae mak the lassies wear longer
skirts next year. In a short time
tae come, freens, life '11 hardly be
worth  livin'.
* * *
Hae yae ever had a dander roon
the five-cent stores doon Hastin's
Street, freens? They stores are an
eddycashun tae onybody. I minded
that I had tae buy a moose-trap, so
owre I goes tae yin o' the coonters
an' lufts up wan o' they bits o' machinery an' hauds oot my nickle.
"Two for five, Mister," the wee
lassie says; "do you want them in a
"Aw, wan Ml dae me," I says, gien
her a bit wink; "naw, I dinnie want
them in a bag���we hae a big Tarn cat
up there but he's gettin' owre fat
an' lazy."
Gee, freens, if a fellie wis gettin'
mairried he could almost furnish a
hoose in wan o' they stores. 1 didnie
see ony 15 cent beds or kitchen tables,
which, efter a', are aboot the maist
important things in a vveddin' ootfit,
but oots:;lc o' that a fellie could get
a hammer, an aix, pokers an' tongs,
cups an' saucers, tumblers an' glesses,
spittoons, an' pats an' pans, music for
the piany, records for the gramyfone;
if yaer short-sichted yae could gel a
pail o' specs; a vveddin' ring for thc
wife; sleeve links for yersel; face
joother for the wife an' sliavin' soap
or yersel, an' as the auctioneer says,
ither things too numerous tae mention. Naw, they didnie hae ony blankets, but yae could buy a collar for
thc dug an' a padlock for the chicken coop���an' what mare could a newly merried man wish for in they days
when we're ge'.tin' tae be sae perfect
n ither things?
I wis passin' the music coonter an'
I heard a brither Scot askin' them tae
play "Auld Robin Gray" on the gramyfone. 1 maun hear this, I says���
but auch���
"Wis that a Chinese translation,"
I asks the lassie. Auld Robin Gray
���it wis enough tae mak Robin turn
in his grave. Some Yankee "tenner"
wis attemptin' tae sing it, an' freens,
I'm no' allowed tae curse in this
column or I wud let yae ken hoo I
felt on hearin' that "too prood tae
fecht" Yankee murderin' in cauld
gramyfone tones wan o' oor best
Scottish sangs.
Hooever, as I hae said, it's an eddycashun a' the same is a fifteen cent
store, an' tae them o' yae that's daft
enough tae think aboot gettin' merried an' has aboot ten or twenty dollars, I wud advise yae, like Punch,
tae don't.
Yours through the heather,
Feeding the Travelling Public
By E. A. Hughes
The travelling public takes a great
deal for granted. Its attitude to convenience, is simply one of casual
acceptance an the supreme point of
excellence to which travelling conditions have been brought, whether it
be from question of speed, of comfortable quarters, of constant timeliness or excellent cuisine arrangements, is taken as a matter of course.
As you sit in your chair in the Pullman on a transcontinental journey
and listen to the carefully - toned accents of the steward announcing that
dinner is ready to serve, you are
really receiving an invitation to view
the achieving of a modern miracle, a
miracle of efficiency. You take your
seat at the mahogany table. Here
iu the very heart of the Rockies, mayhap, you have before you snowy linen. You are conscious of the sweet
fragrance of rare flowers. Thc silver is aglint. The glassware, flashing, and sparkling in the sun which
streams through the window, reminds
yon of some luxuriously appointed
hotel. How do they come to be here?
Food is chosen from as many provinces as there are courses on the
menu, and yet, everything, perfect,
choice and complete is before you
here, sitting in a moving train hours
before the next stop.
* * *
How does it all come about? The
basic reason is system, organization,
efficiency. Purchasing in sufficient
yet not prodigal quantities of foodstuffs is a big item. It is done entirely from one central office. A
chain of farms and truck gardens,
stretched across tire country, yields
their quota of fruit and vegetables.
Wines and liquors are bought from
stores known and selected and stationed at regular intervals from
coast to coast. Cigars are imported
from Havana.- Bake shops, where
bakers know tlieir jobs, are more cogs
in yet another chain.
These things���and they arc typical of the whole range of foods necessary���are harbored in storerooms,
owned and operated by the railroad
company. The storerooms are well
built concrete and brick buildings.
Storage rooms arc regulated to a
nicety as to temperature. Cigar and
cigarettes are housed by a specially
constructed humidor in each of these
store rooms; a hygrometer keeps
them moist enough to meet the taste
of the most exacting connoisseur.
Liquors, ales and so forth are so kept,
in special vaults, in these general
storerooms, that they are properly
chilled. All meats are brought from
tried and trusted sources, then consigned to refrigerators in the storerooms. Thus Manitoba-fed beef vvill
be bought in Manitoba, and hung in
the Winnipeg storeroom to mature
for fourteen days before it goes on
the car. Poultry is specially fed and
raised for the railroad; dairy supplies are on order all th�� time from
special farmers; eggs are procured
by the same careful system of purchasing and taken care of in these
storerooms, till wanted.
Thc storerooms arc maintained by
the railway company and must be run
with a minimum of loss. On the other
hand, they must be ready any moment to make up an order for an
incoming train.
The scientific precision which is
the fundamental of the management
of the storeroom is duplicated on the
train. The storerooms themselves
are at intervals of about a day's journey, say two hundred and fifty to
three hundred miles apart. For at
least that distance, and often more,
the food is on the train, kept in rc-
frigeratorcttes, tiny cojiies of those
in thc storerooms.
* * *
The aspect of the dining car which
appeals to and puzzles most people
is the question of how the meals can
he prepared so well in such limited
space. The dimensions of a diner are
70 feet by 9 feet; which includes the
table space, the pantry, kitchen and
all closets and storerooms. Obviously every inch of that area is used to
the best purpose. The kitchen and
pantry headquarters���to use a military term���are marvels of space utilization.
This kitchen holds more for its
size than any room the writer ever
saw. It is 21 feet long by 7 feet wide.
There is kitchen furniture on both
sides, so that the actual working
space of the cooks is 21 feet long by
2 feet 6 inches wide. The working
of a whole dining car boils down to
this: hundreds of meals a day are
prepared in a space of 21 feet by 30
As you enter the kitchen you come,
first upon the butcher's block. All
meats are cut upon the train. A set
of knives, and choppers, is in a pocket
on- the wall. Three bins come next.
These contain flour, cooked rolls and
cereals.    They are  flat  on  the  top,
affording space for carving and general preparation of meals. Above
them is another series of lockers.
They arc all electric lighted and two
electric fans keep fresh air circulating. An exhaust fan removes heated
air. Overhead, too, are three tanks
for water connecting with a sink by
The other side of thc kitchen is the
cooking side. There is a double stove
with four ovens. Eight joints can be
cooked on the broilers at once, or
eight dishes of whatever is required.
Charcoal is in a wooden bin next the
stove. Asbestos lined plate warmers
and a steam table keep plates and
cooked food hot until time for serving. With an electric dishwasher, the
dishes are washed and sterilized without hands ever touching them. The
three cooks on every diner work from
5 in the morning till 14 at night. Two
hours before thc meal thc steward
reports the probable number of
"guests," and the chef plans accordingly.
Next to the kitchen is the pantry,
which is even further removed from
the dining ear proper than the kitchen. Here all waiters come to shout
their orders, through the little window in the kitchen. Here, too, they
get all crockery and cutlery, which
are on shelves and in cupboards. It
is a little room seven or eight feet
square and sometimes five waiters
are there at once.
The preparation of menus is an important matter. Weather is considered and the widest possible choice
of foods offered. Ample provision
is made for all sizes of appetites and
any number of them, On a standard
dining car, which seats about thirty
or thirty-five people, something like
three to four hundred people can be
served three meals a day, with ease.
At a pinch, seven or eight hundred
have been served.
If supplies run short, if more passengers turn up than has been allowed
for, or if they display unusual appetites, the steward wires ahead to the
next storeroom. Say the shortage is
apparent in the morning and the city
containing the storeroom is to be
reached by six o'clock. Notice by
telegram is given and, when the storeroom city is reached, the requested
supplies are taken on board. Dining
cars never run out of food. The presence of a storeroom ahead precludes
that possibility, unless a snow-storm
holds up the train. In such an emergency the steward is given absolute
carte blanche to make the passengers
as comfortable as possible under the
unforsecrt circumstances. He can
dodge here and there until he fills
Up his cupboards. On one occasion
last winter a snow blockade held up
thc train, for some days. The steward and his helpers had to get across
the Fraser River in buckets on overhead wires to get food enough for
thc unexpected emergency.
* * *
The average dining car crew consists of one steward, three cooks, four
waiters and one pantryman. You
might go down to the Winnipeg train
as it is standing half an hour before
starting from the Toronto station,
and there see the steward at his place
at the head of the car, thc waiters,
one between each two tables, in spotless linen and clean boots, and with
carefully trimmed hair, well manicured hands and clean teeth. These
things arc insisted upon just as rigidly as the excellence in equipment of
the car. An army of sewing and
laundry women is maintained at each
storeroom. It is their duty to turn
nut thc table linen and thc linen suits
which the men send them a1 the
close of each trip, laundered and
Feeding the travelling public, therefore, is a business in itself; it necessitates a large number of employees
and a costly plant. The result is the
perennial perfection of the dining car
as wc know it today.
Phone Highland 137
Grandview Hospital
VANCOUVER     -     B.C.
Medical : Surgical : Maternity
Rates  from  $15.00  per  week
___^_ SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1916
" Down With The Spoils System" Is The Slogan
Of New Liberal Government of British Columbia
Victoria, September 25, 1916.
ON the Sunday morning after the day of election it so
happened that among the visitors to Victoria were
Lord Shaughnessy, President of the Canadian Pacific Railway, Sir Edmund Osier, Mr. Matthews, Mr. Angus
and other directors of this immense organization.
They were at the Empress Hotel and it was suggested
that the Premier-elect, Mr. Brewster, be invited down to
confer with the men of millions in regard to matters of
general policy, it being well known that the Canadian Pacific, so far as British Columbia is concerned, is interested
most vitally in all measures which are for the permanent benefit of the people of this Province���in other words,
in all matters that have to do with the production of tonnage for their railways and their ships.
Mr. Brewster is something of a church-going citizen,
though he has never made any great boasts of the fact. He
received the message of the magnates, caught a street car
and was down at the hotel in a short time. Lord Shaughnessy greeted the Premier-elect and introduced him to his
colleagues, warmly congratulated him and after the usual
pleasantries, his lordship is said to have suggested that
a few matters of business be taken up, and if the Premier-
elect cared, the quicker they could be got at the better.
British Columbia's Premier-elect was most courteous,
regretted that he could not give attention to the matters
in question on that particular day, it being Sunday. But
if it would do as well on Monday morning he would be glad
to give him time over to the distinguished gentlemen from
Some little time later, at the usual hour, the stocky
figure of the Premier-elect was observed to enter the family pew in the church the Brewsters have attended ever
since coming to Victoria.
And Lord Shaughnssy and his associates realized that
a new type of public man had come to the front in this Province.
Early on the morning of September fifteenth, the bombardment of Victoria was commenced. It is still going on,
increasing in its intensity with the passing of the days.
Editor Lugrin of the COLONIST has been fearing a German invasion. But this is not an assault by the Hun. Nor
is it carried on with bombs and guns. True an odd "tank''
takes part and some craft lighter-than-air. But it is not a
military operation in any sense. If it were from the open
sea the McBride submarines could be raised from the secret
cove in which they rest in each others arms and might be
rushed into the fight to save the city.. But thc bombardment is by a land party and it comes from within.
When you use the Long Distance telephone, you get direct
communication���you talk. There
is no delay in transmitting your
message; there is no waiting for
an answer.
At first it looked as if the attack would be carried mi
exclusively hy telegraph. From the hour when the doom
of the late government was known telegrams began to
stream into Victoria to the office of the Premier-elect, Mr.
H. C. Brewster, from the nethermost parts of Canada and
the Empire. The Premier-elect, always a popular gentle
man, never before fully realized the exact strength of his
circle of friends.
When the telegram rush was over came the letters.
One hundred and sixty was the count for he first forenoon,
and of this number just the seventy are said to have contained applications for positions under the new government and applications of free advice as to how new governments should be run.
Some of the members-elect in Victoria have been having a much more difficult time of it than those gentlemen
who have been favored by the majority of the voting public in outlying districts, it is related that on the morning
of the fifteenth, a certain man called at the residence of
Jack Hart, one of Mr. Brewster's able lieutenants at the
capital, and demanded a job of some trifling character at
the buildings in the Parliament square. Since that time the
applications have ranged all the way up to the man who
agreed to help the Province by acting as auditor-general
if thc salary could be fixed at the trifling figure of $10,000
a year.
It seems that the "no man's land" which comes in between the day of election and the day when the final returns from the soldiers voting are recorded, is a godsend
to Mr. Brewster and his associates and to government employees, and to members of the late government. It affords
everyone an opportunity to think matters over. Now there
is the matter of selection of a cabinet, truly not a matter for
decision without thorough weighing up of all the elements
being placed before the leader for his selection. In this
"no man's land" Mr. Brewster is no doubt taking advantage of the opportunity to approach, by a process of elimination of the superfluous, what he thinks in his own mind
will be an ideal board of directors for the Province of British Columbia during the next stormy five years.
Then, too, in this "no man's land" time is afforded to
single out the pensioners in the civil service who will go to
make up the first platoon of the back-to-work brigade who
have been burdens upon the public treasury of the country
for years. It is known that the civil salary list has mounted
up more than a million dollars in the past few years. During the years of falling revenue and decrease of population
and depression of business, the salaries of the civil service
have shot upwards.
It is better for thc civil servants themselves tliat this
period which we refer to as "no man's land" should occur.
The more time they have to think the matter over the more
prepared will they be���mentally at least���to accept whatever fate the new government may mete out to them.
Let no one run away with the idea thai the slogan of
Mr. Brewster is going to be "to the victor belongs the
spoils." For once in thc history of Canada the spoils system is going to gel the hardest rap ever dealt it in any pro
vince. Thc purging Premier Norris gave Manitoba is going to be merely a sponge bath as compared with what i-
in store for British Columbia.
While the misfits, the pensioners and the heelers of the
old brigade are bound to go, let no one run away with the
idea that their places are to be filled with Grit partisans.
Mr. Brewster has condemned the patronage system
from every platform upon which he has appeared in British
Columbia. Now an opportunity offers to put his anti-
patronage ideas into effect.
sf:        5":        :$:        ^c        ^        ^t
"Patronage goes or I go." are said to have been the
words of the Premier-elect to a friend shortly after his
election. He thoroughly appreciates that the spoils system
has sunk its roots very deeply into the life of British Columbia. He knows that in thc open places where men should
be tilling land and working upon the development of the
resources of the Province, they have become the tools of
the patronage system.
There are cases where men who have spirit enough to
engage you in fisticuffs if you were to attack their political
faith, uncover their heads and bow down like bondmen
before every little whipper-snapper politician who shows
himself. Men have been forced to forswear themselves
and their principles in order to make a living in British Columbia by securing employment upon Government work.
The farmer has been debased to a road-building political
heeler in many cases. The inside service and outside service lias been crowded with men who were faithful to the
political machine rather than efficient and honest in their
work. It is said that quarter of the population in some
way or other depends upon the government of British Columbia for sustenance.,
V       *l*       -t       3|*       **F       "r
The patronage system which takes not only the people's money but the manhood of the citizens of the country,
must go. Mr. Brewster may be expected to introduce at
the first session���the first business to be brought down in
the House���a bill providing for a civil service commission
of an absolutely non-partisan character which will pass
upon all applications for employment under the Government.
The members of this commission will be paid the highest salaries of any employees of the government, and will
be given wide powers. Their directions will be to go out
and save Hritish Columbia, if possible, a million dollars a
year on civil service salaries.
Every applicant will have to come before this commission and so members will be releaved of the necessity of
appointing members of their constituencies, supporters
and friends, to any offices under the government.
Xow the matter of contracts under the government is
another which will receive early consideration at the hands
of the new government. Here the open tender system will
be inaugurated, it is said. An opportunity will be afforded
all legitimate concerns to tender on government work, and
the work will be awarded on the basis of price and quality,
as in private business. To this plank the new government
pledges itself, and that it will be carried out there is very
little doubt.
f* "f* *P *T* *T* *t*
The land settlement question, shipbuilding, mining
and timber, the enforcement of law and order, and the other matters of administration will be comparatively easy
of solution as compared with the solving of the patronage
question. That there are breakers ahead no one realizes
more than Mr. Brewster and his associates. That there is
a possibility of opposition in quarters hitherto friendly to
the party would not come as a surprise.
Many old sea captains who sail up and down the west
coast are friendly to Mr. Brewster. They know that he is
a man who can do any sort of hard labor. They have seen
him out at Clayoquot in overalls working about his cannery with his men at five o'clock in thc morning. They
have carried him on their boats and regard Brewster as a
man who knows more about the geography of the west
coast than any other sailing man in the country. They have
known times when Brewster, in the late watches of the
night, would come into the steering house and say, "Captain, go below. I'll run her for a spell." And while they
slept they knew that there was upon the wheel the steady
hand of a man with a level head. And though thc course
was full of rocks and the sea ran high, they fell that the ship
could be trusted with Brewster.
*    *    *    *    *    *
The good ship British Columbia is not on the rocks,
but she is as near to the rocks as a ship ever sailed.
And the waters are rough. The man at the wheel has a.
steady hand and a level head and he may be expected to
hold the good ship to her course, come what may.
Do you ask for, and get, just a "loaf of bread," or do
you, like the wise, discriminating buyers, order
SMAX and
These are wholesome, nutritious���made in a modern,
sanitary bakery���in every detail as good bread as
conscientious effort can make them.
Every loaf crisp, tender, delicious���done to a turn.
If your grocer cannot supply you, phone Fairmont
443 and we'll get it to you prompt.
Bakers of Better Bread SIX
New Men in House of Fine Calibre
Brewster Government will be Supported by Members Who Will
Be Alive���Weakness on Other Side will be Balanced���Short
Sketches of the Representatives Who Will Sit in Next Legislature.
There will be many new faces in
the   fourteenth   legislature   of   British
Columbia, but every member will be
a man who has had a great deal of
experience in public life in one way
or another. Behind the members of
the government, whoever the colleagues of Mr. lircwster may be, vvill
bc a following nf able representatives
of the people, not one of whom will
be willing���even if he were to be asked, which he would iinl be���to be a
mere recording machine.
All lhe government measures will
have the advantage of being discussed
fully and intelligently by the members, and the weakness of the opposition will be compensated to a considerable extent by tllc open mind which
vvill be maintained by the Liberal
members and "ihe thorough debate
which they vvill insist upon of all matters upon which they are asked to record a vote.
Below vvill be found some notes on
some of the forty-odd men who vvill
be found in the legislature when next
it assembles.
William   Sloan
William Sloan (Xanaimo) is in the
prime of life, and entered upon his
fiftieth year a few days before he so
decisively defeated the government
candidate in Nanaimo. He was born
in Wingham, Out., the son of Dr. R.
J. Sloan, a prominent Liberal in early
Confederation days, and his wife, both
Scottish born. The late John McMillan, one of the old guard of Liberalism in Ontario, was a relative.
When a lad he went to Shanghai, China, with his father and spent two
years in the customs service at that
port. In 1888 he came back to this
province, which he has made ' his
home since, living here, in Vancouver and in Nanaimo.
Mr. Sloan was one of the first to
go to the Yukon, being in there a considerable time ahead of the rush, and
he "struck it rich," in the jargon of
the mines. Returning to Xanaimo in
1898, he invested in a number of ventures, all of which have turned out
well, and he turned his attention to
the legislative halls, being both by
birth and instinct an arrdent politician. His first essay vvas nut successful, he being defeated when he-
contested Vancouver city for the
Commons in 19(10. In 1904, however,
he was elected for Comox-Atlin, and
he was re-elected in 1908. Hon.'William Templeman having been defeated in this city by a very narrow margin in the latter year, Mr. Sloan loyally offered  his  seat and  resigned  it
in   Mr.   Templenian's   favor.     lie   has
been treasurer of the Provincial Liberal   Association   and   organizer   for
Vancouver Island iii former years.
He is prominent in Masonic, Scottish
and  other circles.
-Mr. Sloan has always retained his
Interest in mining matters and is one
of the best informed men ill regard
to the industry there is in this province, lie is a strong advocate uf a
while lirilish Columbia, and during
the campaign promised lo see that
the employment of Orientals ami "liter aliens in lhe mines of Vancouver
Island should bc put a stop to. I liis a clever speaker, and has a faculty
of presenting his facts and drawing
his arguments cogently, while he possesses a fund of humor which adds
to thc pleasure of hearing him.
* * *
F. W. Anderson
Frederic W, Anderson (Kamloops)
is a civil engineer by training and a
successful rancher and farmer by profession. He vvas born in Ottawa and
after passing through the public
schools of that city graduated from
McGill University, Montreal, vvith the
degree of bachelor of science. Among
his classmates in his own or the year
ahead were M. H. Sullivan, M.P.P.-
elcct for Trail, and A. E. Foreman,
assistant cily engineer of Victoria.
Mr Anderson vvas engaged in professional work on the construction of
the Tcmiskaming and Northern Ontario railway, the Ontario government line which taps the northern
portion of the province, what is
known as New Ontario. He vvas also
employed in other large construction
works in various parts of the Dominion.
Coming to this province about seven years ago, Mr. Anderson took up
ranching on a large scale, purchasing
several hundred acres in the North
Thompson valley, at Heffcrley Creek,
about twenty miles north of Kamloops. He organizedi the" 'North
Thompson Ranching Company, of
which he is president, and he has been
actively engaged in the raising of live
stock���cattle and horses���and in general farming ever since. Eighteen
months ago he was chosen by the
Liberals of the constituency as their
candidate in the election then in prospect, and he conducted an active campaign from that time onwards, with
the consequence that he won handsomely over so experienced a campaigner as J. P. Shaw, who had represented the constituency for seven
years. He is an alert, well read, energetic young man, with a keen inter
est  ih  public  affairs,  and   is  a   convincing speaker.
* * *
E. D. Barrow
E. Dodsley Barrow (Chilliwack) is
a man who possesses a practical
knowledge of farming conditions in
his district such as can only bc gained by actual experience as a settler.
His record as an agriculturist is one
to be proud uf. lie is a native nf
Hampshire, born and brought up on
a farm and with many generations of
farming folk as his forbears. In addition to the knowledge he got ml
the farm he had ten years in the pro-
vi��ion and farm produce business before lie came mil In Canada.
Ciitning lo llritish Columbia in 1892
he worked among the farmers of the
Chilliwack district for three years,
securing a thorough working knowledge if conditions and methods.
Then he wc;nt lo Chicago, thc leading
farm produce centre on the continent,
and spent two years there in thc produce business. He returned to the
Chilliwack valley in 1897, settled on
an unimproved farm, cleared it and
made it pay handsomely. He still
conducts the farm although he has
added many more interests.
' He has been a steady and consist-
lent advocate of co-operation among
j farmers, and has lost no opportunity
of preaching that gospel among all
'who make their living out of the land,
lie look a leading parj in thc establishment of the Chilliwack Creamery
Association, Limited, in 1902, and
when financial difficulties seemed a-
bout to overwhelm thc institution
four years ago he took hold of its
management. The result of the application of his knowledge of the business aud his commercial ability has
been that today the creamery is financially sound and is the largest and
most successful farmers' creamery in
the province, handling some $2C0,-
000  worth   of   dairy  products   every
year. ���
* * *
J. A. Buckham
John A. Buckham (Columbia-1, one
of the Liberal members-elect who
succeeded in taking his rival's deposit,
vvas bom in Carleton county .Ontario.
He vvas educated in the public schools
of his native place and the Almonte
High school and Ottawa Collegiate
institute. He served his time to the
druggists' business with H.'F. McCarthy, in the national capital, and graduated from the Ontario College of
Pharmacy and thc University of Toronto. Coming west. as soon . as he
had obtained his degree, he conducted
a drug business in Revelstoke for
some time and then purchased flic
business of C. W. Field at Golden.
He had been a resident of that part
of the province since, and is intimately acquainted  vvith  it.
Mr. Buckham has always taken an
interest in public affairs and in politics he was ever an ardent Liberal.
He contested Columbia as the Liberal candidate in 1911 aud was beaten
by only fifteen votes. He is immensely popular in every part of the riding.
Know all ye by these presents:
That for Factums and Briefs, no printers give
you better satisfaction than Sty? #tattflarfe.
That for Letterheads and Envelopes ��li*e
^tanbarr) is the place to buy.
That for Book Binding, Engraving, Ruling,
sooner or later you will come to
���   YOUR   OFFICE 	
as was shown by the vote which he
received' Mr. Buckham has filled
several public offices with credit lo
himself and satisfaction to the people.
* * *
A.  D.  Paterson
A.  D. Paterson  (Delta)  is a native
of Middlesex county. Ontario, but '.vaF
brought up in Bruce county, to which
his parents moved when he was quite
young. He came west in IP97 t"
take charge of the magnificent rnnrji
of LoTO acres near Ladner, ifl the
Delia. "Iverholnie," owned by his uncle, lion, T. W. Paterson. Under his
care the ranch has increased its reputation and its success, and is thc
home of some of the finest farm
stock in thc west. He has been president of thc B. C. Live Stock Breeders' Association for many years, and
has been a frequent representative of
the breeders of the province at international gatherings.
Mr. I'aterson is greatly interested
in municipal matters, and for four
years has been reeve of Delta municipality, in which office he has shown
the same initiative and business ability as in thc management of "Iverholnie." He is a convincing public
speaker, is intimately acquainted with
cvery phase of the agricultural industry in this province, and will make
an   excellent  member   of   the   House.
* * *
G.   G.  McGeer
Gerald G. McGeer (Richmond), one
of thc youngest members of thc new
legislature, is a son of thc late James
McGeer, noted as a pioneer of the
west, as a politician and as a writer1
of lyrics. The family claims descent
from Henry Grattan, the famous Irish statesman and orator. Thc elder
McGeer vvas a cub reporter on the
Manchester Guardian when T. P. O'Connor was one of the junior editors
of the paper. Gerald McGeer was
born in Winnipeg, is proud of the
fact that in boyhood he peddled milk
along thc trails and bypaths of what
is now South Vancouver and portion
of his constituency, and later on served his apprenticeship as an iron moulder. He sat in the Trades and Labor
Council of Vancouver as a representative from that union, and on one
occasion he was a delegate lo the
Dominion Trades and Labor Congress.
Mr. McGeer is an ambitious young
man, and inheriting the gift of fluent
and convincing speech from his forefathers, he decided to take up the
practice of law. With the same indomitable will which has marked his
career he pursued his studies, put in
the requisite office time and passed
his examinations with flying colors,
lie is now connected with one of the
leading firm's in Vancouver and making much progress in his profession.
He is an independent thinker along
thc radical lines followed by his father, and is an able speaker. He is a
great favorite wilh thc old-timers in
and around Vancouver, is popular
with all classes and has the confidence  of his  fellow-workers  in  labor
* * *
F. H. Mobley
Frank H. Mobley (Atlin) is in the
true sense of thc word a pioneer of
the province, having, spent thirty-two
years in various parts of the unorganized territory of British Columbia and the Yukon. He is a businessman of long experience, and from his
acquaintance with the northern portions of the province he is well equipped as a representative of its people
and a spokesman for its needs in the
legislature. He is one of thc partners in the wholesale grocery of
Stewart & Mobley, Limited, which
docs business all over the north country and far into thc interior along
the line of the G. T. P. Mr. Mobley
is a man of sterling character, is a
clear and acute thinker, and a speaker
of force and weight.
* * *
A.  M.  Manson
Alex. M. Manson (Omineca) is a
young lawyer of Prince Rupert, practicing very extensively in the district
which he will represent. He is a
more than usually good speaker, keen
in debate, clever, energetic and will
be a valuable member.
* * *
J. E. W. Thompson
James E. WV Thompson (Grand
Forks) is engaged in the wholesale
arid retail grocey business, being a
member of the firm of McMorrin &
Thompson, of Phoenix. He is known
all through the Boundary district,
where he has had business interests
for many years, and his name is synonymous with all that is upright and
honorable. His popularity was well
demonstrated by the big majority he
received. He is well versed' in public affairs- and has the gift of clear
expression of his thoughts.
* * *
A. W. McCurdy
Arthur W. McCurdy (Esquimalt)
was born in Nova Scotia, where his
father was a member of the old legislative council, and as a lad became
a student under and private secretary
to Professor A. Graham Bell, the in
ventor of the telephone. Mr. McCurdy is himself the inventor of many
useful industrial and commercial processes, the best known of which is
the daylight developer which is in
use by thc Eastman Kodak Company.
He has been a resident of this city
for some years, and has always taken
an active part in public affairs, but
until the present he had never consented to become a candidate for parliamentary honors. He has been president of the Canadian Club, of Ihe
Natural History Society and of the
Victoria branch of the Royal Astronomical Society. He is keenly interested in astronomy and in the sciences generally, and for his researches
and inventions he has been awarded
lhe John Scott medal and premium
by the Franklin Institute. Mr. McCurdy is a citizen of the highest type
and he will bc a force in thc new
* * *
M. B. Jackson
���M. 13. Jackson (Islands), like many
lawyers,, has always been as much a
politician as a barrister, and for years
his lime and talents have been given
freely and generously lo the Liberal
cause, both in the province of Manitoba and here. Mr. Jackson is a deep
student, a clear thinker and a clever
and eloquent speaker. His interests
are not confined to his profession, to
which he is an honor, nor to politics,
but extend to all phases of public life.
As a member of thc board of trade
he has done good service to thc city's
commercial interests, especially as a
member of the committee on legislation. He has also been president of
the Canadian Club, and in many ways
has been a power in thc community.
* ft ^
F. A. Pauline
Frederick A. Pauline (Saanich) has
long been connected with the commercial life of thc capital, first as a
member of the firm of J. Piercy &
Co. and latterly, up to thc time of
his retirement, as senior partner of
F. A. Pauline & Co. He is one of
thc leading members of the board.,of
trade, of which he was president in
1907-8, and for the last two or three
years he has been doing splendid
work for the city and its shipping interests as chairman of the board's
committee on harbors and navigation
He has also been connected with the
municipal life of the city, serving as
an alderman in 1908. Mr. Pauline's
experience and knowledge vvill be of
invaluable  service  in  the  legislature.
* * *
J. W. Weart
���John W. Weart (South--Vancouver)
has been a school teacher, was in industrial pursuits for some years, and
for 20 years past has been a barrister
and has had extensive financial interests. He is a native of Brockville,
Out, and has been in this province
since 1890. He was the promoter of
the companies that projected the erection of several of the large office
blocks in Vancouver which have been
most successful. In municipal affairs he has been reeve of Burnaby,
and he has been a leading figure in
Liberalism on the lower mainland for
as long as he has lived here.
* * tt '
M.  H.  Sullivan       s
Michael H. Sullivan (Trail) is a
mining and mechanical engineer, a
graduate of McGill University. He
came to this province soon after the
graduation and engaged in mining and
smelting, and for thc past few years
he has been the assistant superintendent of thc Consolidated Mining and
Smelting Company's immense plant
at Trail, where copper, gold, silver,
lead and zinc are being turned out today in almost unbelievable quantities.
tf * tt
Hugh Stewart
Hugh Stewart (Comox) is one of
the Scots who have done so much to
advance the province, lie has been
a resident of thc Comox valley for 30
years, and has one of thc finest farms
in that fruitful district. He is a man
who has always taken a close interest
in public questions, he is a fluent and
very convincing speaker, and has a
fine reputation in the district.
* * *
A. J. .Fisher
Alex. J. Fisher (Fernie) is among
the .younger men in the new legislature, He is bright, active, alert in
mind and a whirlwind as a speaker.
Ho will be of great assistance in the
committee work of the House.
* * *
Dr. K. C. MacDonald
Dr. Kenneth C. MacDonald (North
Okanagan), who defeated Price Ellison, is a dental surgeon who manages
to keep up his interest in public mat
ters in spite of the demands of a very
busy practice.
* * *
G. S. Haines
George S. Hanes (North Vancouver), is a civil engineer by profession,
and has been city engineer of the city
of North Vancouver. Two years ago
he vvas prevailed upon to contest the
mayoralty, winning by a large majority, and he was re-elected last January.
Phone Seymour 9080
We Write Insurance in Sound,
Reliable" Companies
122   HASTINGS   ST.    WEST
McKay Station, Burnaby
D. Whiteside
David   Whiteside   (New   Westminster) is a leading lawyer in the lower
mainland,   aud   greatly   respected   in
thc Royal City.
* + *
Parker Williams
While Parker Williams (Newcastle) is not a member of the Liberal
party, no notice of the members of
the House would be complete without
some reference to him and to his
work for the people in thc legislature. Mr. Williams is a native of
the principality, where he was born
43 years ago. He has worked as a
coal miner in thc mines of Wales,
Vancouver Island, Washington state
and Alberta, in railway construction
camps in this province and in Ontario, and in the lumber camps along
the Upper Ottawa. He has held several positions in labor and Socialist
circles, and is well-informed on all
questions affecting labor. He entered
the legislature as member for Newcastle in 1903 and has been re-elected
at every general election since. From'
1912 to 1915 he vvas the leader of
the small but very alert and efficient
opposition in thc House, in which position he won the admiration of everyone. He is a splendid type of citizen, of high, principle, as honest and
sincere as thc day, a telling speaker,
and debater, and possessed of a fund
of native humor which plays around
the most serious subject and illuminates his wealth of ideas. That ihc
people of Newcastle again ^ent him
to the 1 louse by such a handsome
majority is as greatly to Iheir credit
as it is pleasing to every person who
admires Mr. Williams and honors the
qualities he has in such full measure,
������Victoria Times,
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fisheries of the Atlantic and Pacific
oceans have called into service very
large fleets of vessels, and the enterprise has hecn attended with considerable profit. In the northern Pacific,
however, hunting for whales was not
begun until 1848, and in the three following years 250 ships obtained cargoes. Headquarters in those days
was San Francisco, but with present-
day development in the industry the
British Columbia coast is the field
of operations and thc company operating has its offices in Victoria.
In the British Columbia fisheries,
salmon, of course, is well in the lead,
with halibut, herring and whales in
order of importance. It is expected
that the value of the whale fishery
this year will be above the average,
for a record is being established at
the Naden Harbor station on Queen
Charlotte Islands, one -of the stations operated by the Victoria Whaling Company.
While whales are generally referred
to as fish they are really mammals,
and arc hunted rather than" fished for.
They arc shot with harpoons, not
bullets, as the harpoon is an effective
weapon and becomes affixed in the
whale, while connection between thc
harpoon and the ship is maintained
by means of a line. One of thc illustrations on the opposite page shows
how this deadly weapon is handled.
A harpoon gun mounted on the bow
of a whaling ship will send a harpoon
weighing 110 pounds with line attached 120 tu 150 feet. Thc gun is
loaded with a charge of powder and
the harpoon is inserted and fired with
an ordinary friction fuse. Attached
to thc harpoon is a light line about 40
fathoms long, spliced into which is
a heavier line about 2,000 feet long.
This line is coiled up in the hold of
the vessel and passes up through thc
deck, where it is held by a steam
The- whale takes this line out very
quickly, but the speed is checked
gradually by a brake on llie winch.
The whale is then -played by the
steam winch iu a way similar to that
ol catching salmon, and gradually
hauled in by steam. The bead of
the harpoon is a separate, hollow,
cast iron point filled with 'powder.
This is set off by means of a time
fuse when the harpoon enters the
whale, the explosion taking place
about two seconds after the weapon
strikes. Sometimes thc shot does not
kill the whale, in which cases it is
necessary to pull the whale close in
and give it a second and perhaps a
third shot.
When the whale is killed, it is pulled close alongside thc ship and a
heavy towing chain is thrown around
the tail, and pulled up to the bow
as shown in the picture. In order to
keep the whale afloat after killing,
the vessel is kept moving to keep thc
whale on the surface. A hollow spear
is then inserted in the intestines, to
which is attached an air hose, and
the inside of the whale is inflated by
means of compressed air operated
from  the  engine  room  of the  ship.
Otherwise a dead whale would soon
sink after being killed. The hole made
by the spear is plugged with a wooden plug driven into the blubber, so
that .the air cannot escape from the
body. The whale is then taken to
The process of manufacture is commenced when flensing takes place���
that is, the stripping of the blubber,
which is an outer skin varying from 2
to 6 inches thick. The blubber is cut
by machinery into thin slices, and
then boiled to extract all the oil. This
is then put into metal drums and
shipped to Victoria, from which place
it is transferred in tank cars and forwarded to the cast, where it is largely used in the manufacture of soap.
The carcass of the whale is cut up.
The flesh and bones are cooked separately and the oil extracted. The
flesh is pressed and dried, and becomes a .valuable fertilizer. The
bones are dried and ground into bone
meal and also used as a fertilizer. The
blood is saved and utilized in the
same way as the flesh. The whalebone from the mouth is thoroughly
cleaned and dried before being shipped to France, where it is manufactured for commercial purposes. It is
interesting to know that one of thc
uses made of whalebone is to make
artificial feathers for millinery.
There are three kinds of whales
that arc well known: The sulphur
bottom, the finback, and the humpback. These three are called whalebone whales, because the whalebone
that grows in their mouths is used
extensively in the manufacture of
whips, corsets, etc. A few sperm
whales also are caught cvery year.
These are more valuable; they have
teeth, aud feed on octnpus and shark.
The sperm whale has a very peculiarly shaped head. It is about one-
third thc length of the body and has
a tank of free oil that fills twenty-
five barrels, l-'roni an entire sperm
whale about 4,000 gallons of oil is
obtained. Tbe whalebone whales
mentioned feed nn a very small
shrimp. Their mouths are filled with
about 700 tiers of whalebone from
six inches to four feet in length, and
are covered with hair on tbe inside.-.
These act as a strainer fur all the
food that enters thc mouth, and all
sea walcr-is allowed to strain through
leaving nothing but the food. Whales
are estimated to weigh about one ton
for  every  foot in  length.
On thc Pacific Coast the whaling
grounds of thp Victoria Whaling
Company extend from the mouth of
the Columbia River to the northern
end of Queen Charlotte Islands.
The whaling season lasts from May
1st to November 1st.
"When a man's dead he's done for,"
runs thc old ballad, but there are a
few who do not come under this generalization. We have had the- famous
Dauphin of France, titular King
Louis XVII, who is laid to have escaped from the deadly Temple, and lo
have lived in America or elsewhere
as various people. And two novelists
took thc idea as bases lor interesting
novels. We recall news-items how-
Oscar Wilde did not die in France,
but was buried in effigy, and lived
to find life anew, hidden away. T'u
mystery of Marshal Ney, is an old
story. And there was Hector Macdonald, who has reappeared in the
person of more than one noted military leader; especially lately, he has
been identified with General Brusil-
There  are,  then,   men   who  simply
corpse and, in his new identity, departed uninspected. Like the man in
Arnold Bennett's story, Sir lienor
went forth into the world with his
iiic- tu use as he li! ed.
Since then there has been hardly an
important military movement in the
Far Kasl which has not been connected with Sir 1 lector's name. It was
he rumor has it, who led the Jap; at
Port Arthur and made possible the
Russian defeat it was be. according
to reports, -.'.ia, reorganized the Chin-
e e \rtny and did much to increase'its
And now, when the war-map is being so altered by the Russian drive
that thc German Chancellor may
change his attitude about peace on a
basis of territory occupied, there
comes the, (story that Sir Hector,
under a  new  name,  is  the  man  res-
ges had been made against him in
Ceylon he had appealed to Lord Roberts, in London, to order them dismissed, pleading his entire innocence.
Lord Roberts refused to interfere, and
ordered him back to Ceylon to stand
court  martial.
"It was in Glasgow that I saw
him." said Mrs. Taylor. "He was on
his way back to Ceylon, but. before
going, he came incognito to the north
o: Scotland to see his people once
mc re, It was a few days after that
that he was reported to have shot
himself  in   Paris.
"His body never was viewed by any
one. however. I attended the funeral, .-.hen be was buried in a little cemetery just outside of Edinburgh, But
wc all believed there was nothing but |
lead in the casket.
"It was not long after that when
British troops at Port Arthur���detachments   sent   there   to   look   after
I British   interests
recognized   the
leading Japanese commander as Sir
Hi' -cur. The officers had to keep
quiet about it because of the honor
of the army. But there was nothing
to prevent the privates from talking,
and the story became commonly
known  in the service.
"The whole story will never be
known until Sir Hector is dead. He
always  kept  a  diary,  and   I   suppose
it that Yuan first cleaned up, from a
financial standpoint, and then cleared
out. His creditors mourn his loss
and theirs. But beyond that Yuan
is bearing up nobly, watching the
game from afar, ready to returp when
his  suffering nation calls.
The world naturally will be glad to'
receive the news. South American
Presidents frequently vanish in like
manner, accompanied with like emoluments. Pancho Villa's headstones
dot the Mexican deserts���every widow can find a weeping-place if she
wants to. Abdul-Hamid had died as
frequently as the Wandering Jew,
and returned to this vale of tears
quite as often. King Meuelik's passings became in time as monotonous
and uninteresting as those of the unlucky player in an all-night session.
Napoleon 'lied eventually, not at St.
Helena, but. according to certain veracious historians, of overeating spaghetti in a Roman restaurant, many
years after Sir Hudson Lowe sailed
from the rock-bound isle glutted with
imaginary  vengeance.
Maybe it will be thc same with the
common soldiers who have fallen in
the Masurian marches, at thc Karpa-
thian passes, before Verdun, and a-
long the Somme and the Meuse. Probably not, however.
* * *
And the voice of the New York
TIMES is heard crying in the wilderness of reports to the effect that:
The legend of Yuan Shi Kai has
already begun. His enemies can not
believe that that towering figure has
vanished so suddenly. Of course it
has not; it is a trick; he is alive somewhere, ready to descend on us again;
there is a man who can prove that
another body vvas substituted; a man
who knows him saw him take passage
on a ship, disguised. And with the
growth of time the legend will increase in circumstantiality and wealth
of detail, till, years hence, there will
be elaborately illustrated magazine
articles telling how Yuan died in Mississippi, or Stockholm, or Catalonia
in 1925 or 1930.
Yuan has joined the company of
peripatetic shades and flitters about
the world. He had a wide choice of
careers. If his temperament leans
toward trouble-making, he can follow
the example of Nero. He refused to
live a quiet life after he died; he was
always about to reappear and start
a war, and he kept his former subjects, especially the Christians, in a
constant ferment. Frequently he did
reappear, and there was a good deal
of ill luck for lots of people whenever
he did. It is to be hoped that Yuan
will pass by the example of Nero
and take up a. cpiieter one. *
For instance, he might imitate the
Dauphin. Louis XVII never annoyed or worried any one after his death,
as Nero did. He became a watch--
maker in Brandenburg under the
name of Naundorff, and, aside from
being arested on suspicion of arson,
never figured iu public life. He also
became a travelling missionary in
\;: erica under the name of the Rev.
Eleazer  Williams;  there are  still  li.-
[   ���   ��� ���; le   vho have seen and talked
ith 1 '.' ��� klel erry  Finn, it  .vill
Scenes  in  connection  with  Victoria Whaling Comp-iny's operations off the  British Columbia coast
graduates or high school students to
take shorthand or business courses
and pay for same from salary earned
after graduation. Only a limited
number accepted on this plan. Apply
at once in own handwriting to
Success Business College, Vancouver, B.C.
will not stay dead. The story oflponsible for changing the iari
Brussiloff, while the reverse of probable, is Still interesting enough to
be reproduced. A writer in the New
York PRESS, now the Xew York
SUN, recently gave out an interview
with a resident of Gotham who said
she was a cousin of thc supposed!-
dead Macdonald, In this thc identity
with Brussiloff was put forth. We
Thc legend of Sir Hector Macdonald is one of the strangest and most
romantic iu modern history. Charged
with immoral conduct in Ceylon in
1903, Sir Hector, then a brigadier-
general of the Brtish army, a Knight
Commander of the Bath, aud a member of the Distinguished Service Order, was reported to have committed
suicide in a Paris hotel after visiting
London and failing to have thc charges dismissed.
Officially, General Sir Hector Macdonald is dead and buried in a little
cemetery outside of Edinburgh. His
wife remarried many years ago.
Tradition has it, however, that the
suicide in the Paris hotel was not Sir
Hector, but a traveller in an adjoining room. Seeing at once the opportunity, Sir Hector, according to thc
story,    changed     clothes    with    the
-   . 11
"i in another shape.
'Yo i  ���
you,   iu   blue  jeans
wanderin'.     exih i,
-on.   and
sufferin'     rightful
al    Ney
>>as    similarly   well
l    r Una undei   l u
'; here i ��� >ul ' \ e
of Russia's early defeat to a victory,
, ��� -   thai   vill   ii   pu  lishi
to which nothing done by the   Mlies
* * *
on the Western front is comparable.
An-,  the la     1     Iditii n  1
* * *
1 f    the       ���                               is    t
The  legend,  which  was previously
��� ���.
hazy ami unconfirmed,  takes on new
1 alii '��� j   '.-.   Bi   ivn, his 1
life in the words of thi.-,  Mrs. Taylor,
as his s    1 i   ea marching <
Maccionah'/s   cousin,     Tht   reporter
ready thc   press" oi   \ merica
asked a number of questions, trying
ping  out  with  tales  oi  his
to shake her belief in the identity oi
escape  from the   Imperial  l
the   hero   ,:'   the   Eastern   front,   but
instai ye.   we   hai e  the  wo
without   any   success.     The   account
Chinese  authorities,  echoe
well  I   ���'���
1   through
states: I several papers, lhat the recent presi-
"I am absolutely certain," she said, deni   still   lives.      The    Washington
"that General Brussiloff is really  Sir  POST, commenting on the report, ob-
1 lector.    While  I  am  only  a  distant |serves:
Does not have to seek a position.   Aposition seeks him.    Business men seek "Success"  graduates.
cannot supply the demand.   Why not get ready now?    Our Fall Term opens September 5th.
COR. 10TH AVE. AND MAIN ST., VANCOUVER       Schools from Coast to Coast      Phone Fair. 2075
relative, cousins of Sir Hector live-
in London and Canada and Australia,
and I know that they have been in
communication  with  him.
"Sir Hector was a small man, stock-
ily built. General Brussiloff is of
the same figure. In his character
of Russian general, Sir Hector has
grown a mustache, but it does not
make  his features unrecognizable.
"Many people who did not know of
Sir Hector have commented on the
queer and extraordinary circumstances connected with (the rise of thc
Russian commander. It is odd, to say
the least, they point out, that a man
in supreme command of one of the
greatest offensives of the war should
be of a previous history totally unknown. 'Brussiloff is not a real Russian name, anyway. And thc photographs of the general show he does
not look like a Russian."
Mrs. Taylor last saw Sir Hector
in 1903, just before he was reported
to have shot himself.   After the char-
;\mong the happy thoughts lhat
have passed into current belief is that
which finds its crisp expression in
tiie saying that you can't keep a good
man down. If this brings cheer to
the proletariat, how much more must
it buoy up the hopes of the great?
The latest incident of note is thc
alleged return of Y'uan Shi Kai, who,
as all will remember, recently died of
a broken heart, succumbed to acute
indigestion, committed hara-kiri, and
was poisoned by some one in the
heartless ranks of the opposition. Any
one of these was bad enough, but altogether they were too much for his
shrinking nature. Combined they
signified the passing of Yuan.
But not permanently. Again be it
said you can't keep a good man, or
bandit, or Oriental president down for
long. Yuan has returned. Not to
China, exactly, but he has refused to
stay dead. A farcical funeral was a
mere detail in the course of a come-
d|y-dcath.    The   Chinese   press   have
yours  at   night   and   Ol   I
Ij     A,- I duke J- hn oi Tuscan*
John Orth, has ni   ��� :   distui I ed any-
i     li. i -   peac i ably.   us
tn >���)-. ;.t  vari       | ',
y allj in S mth  Vm< i   a       n
hand, the murdered Prit
xer made a  greal  deal  ol
after   thee-   death,   more   so
than dii! even  Xero.    They kept reap] earing at the head of armies and
greatly   disturbing   thc   order   of   the
English   realm.     We   have   presented
these     different    conceptions  of   the
role  of  Mysterious  Stranger  for  tin:
purpose   of   appealing   to   the   better
side   of   Yuan   as   he   stands  at   the
brink   facing  the   choice   momentous.
A meeting of thc B. C. Equal Franchise association was held on Tuesday afternoon in,the rooms of the
Pioneer Political Equality League, in
the Carter-Cotton building. Owing to
the illness of the president, Mrs.
Gurd, the vice-president, Miss Claremont, presided. Reports were received
from the secretary-treasurer and
work committee. Mrs. James MacGill gave an outline of the work done
recently. She stated that 1.000 magazines had been sent to thc Girl Guides
for distribution, that $2 had been received from Miss Alice Cameron for
wool for soldiers' socks, and that letters of thanks had been received from
the military camps at Spuzzum, Harrison Mills, No. 2 Auxiliary of the
Red Cross, and Capt Coldwell of
I Comox. EIGHT
tykt ^tMtomto
The popularity of thc Blue Suit is undiminished,
but it is getting more difficult every day lo secure
dependable quality and color in blue serge at a
moderate price. We have always specialized in
blue suits, and at
$20   $25   $30   $35
we offer garments that are absolutely fadeless or
your money back.
Largest and Most Complete Slock in Western Canada
WM. DICK, Ltd.
33���47���49 HASTINGS ST. E��� VANCOUVER
"Two Big Stores for Men"
Why not have proper light
in your store, office or
home when bright Tungsten lamps cost so little.
25 to 60 Watt Lamps     - -     30 cents each
Modern Illumination Will bring business to your store; save you and
your family from eye-strain in the home; enable your office employees to
do more effective work- '
Carrall and Hastings
Phone Seymour 5000
"North by West in the Sunlight"
Eight Vessels "8" in Regular Service
Apply to our Publicity Department for brochures "Outward Bound"
and "North by Weat In the Sunlight," and particulars on Special Pares,
Hotel Accommodation and Tariffs, etc
Take Car to Columbia Avenue Phone Seymour SOI
J Bicycle Notes & Wanderings
By  Rover
Sou-Van Milk
South Vancouver
Milk Company
Scientific Dairymen
Phone Fairmont 2624
Young Lady (with hopes)���What
do you think is the fashionable color for a bride?
Male Floorwalker ��� Tastes differ,
but I should prefer a white one.
graduates or high school students to
take shorthand or business courses
and pay for same from salary earned
sifter graduation. Only a limited
number accepted on this plan. Apply
at once in own handwriting to
Success Business College, Vancouver, B. C.
Cycling Dan says:
That by buying a Bicycle
You stop "bye-bye"
To many "a nickle"
Spent for cars
Or jitney fare.
Besides you can
Ride anywhere,
Pedal a Paragon���
And be glad
\\ That you acted
On this "Ad." v
Cycling can be made to pay
Jj See Fred Deeley���now���Today.
(The Cycle Man)
In considering the question of a vacation tour, the prospective tourist
will do well to adopt the slogan "preparedness." In order to get the best
out of his trip thc rider should first
turn his attention to thc various details which, if successfully carried out,
will make a pleasant and enjoyable
First and foremost is the'distance
to be covered each day. This should
be regulated by the character of the
roads to bc traversed, whether hilly
or otherwise; and the strength of the
rider, or( if there is more than one
in thc party, thc ability of the least
If the country through which the
route lays is very hilly or mountainous, fifty or sixty miles a day will he
found to he enough. If it is only
moderately hilly, about seventy miles
can bc made without too much exertion, or if it is very flat and level,
eighty or ninety miles can be ridden
each day. It is not necessary to hurry oneself in order to make this mileage, but if the cyclist gets an early
start each morning and just takes his
time, riding at a pace of about ten
miles an hour, he will find that a surprisingly large amount of ground can
be covered cvery day, and that he will
have ample time to view the sights
along the route and rest up a little
during the day, too.
Having settled upon the daily distance desirable to make, the next ..step
is to map out the route from a reliable
map, so that the destination of each
day's ride will be known in advance
and the party will have a schedule to
go by. In selecting the route to bc
followed, it will be found advisable to
take the main routes wherever possible, as these are generally well surfaced and afford easy going, whereas
the lesser travelled roads are oftentimes poor. It must be kept in mind
that while the less travelled route
may be a little more picturesque or
shorter, in order to make this trip
enjoyable the cyclists must keep in
good physical condition and nothing
will so sap the strength of even a
seasoned road rider as several days'
journey over rough and hilly roads
where progress is made only by a
straining effort.
A short halt can be profitably made
every fifteen or twenty miles to give
the riders a little "breathing spell,"
long enough to enable them to get
a cooling drink. There is no objection
tq the cyclist drinking often enough
to quench his thirst; but, as in all
other things, moderation must be observed.
* * * 2.
In making the preliminary arrangements of a bicycle trip, it might bc
noted that another big advantage in
following main routes lies in the fact
they are easily followed. The riders
are not very apt to go astray, and
should they do so, there is very little
difficulty iu being directed back to
the main road. In securing directions
it is always best to inquire in motorcycle or automobile establishments,
as thc information thus obtained is
generally gained at first hand and is
usflally accuruate. whereas very little
dependence can be placed in that given hy farmers, for their ideas of distance are often "way off" and their
ideas of the differences between a
good and a poor road even more so.
Another important factor is that
of expenses. A good room ran usually be obtained almost :..iywhere
from fifty to seventy-five a night,
while meals seldom average over
thirty-five cents. This is, of course,
if the cyclist is not looking for any
frills or anxious to pick out the very
best hotel in the place, but wished
only clean, respectable accommodation and good food.
In view of the easy manner in
which good accommodation can be
secured at reasonable prices, it has
always seemed to me to bc far better
to travel in this way than to lug a-
long a mass of camping material and
camp out each night. When stopping at a hotel, or boarding house,
there is never any question as to being caught out in bad weather, and
should -daybreak find the rain pouring down, the hotel is a much pleasanter place to spend the hours of enforced idleness than any camp, however well protected it may be.
* * *
Should the party wish to camp out,
however, the most important and necessary item of their equipment
should be a small folding tent, guaranteed absolutely waterproof. Make
sure of this before you buy it, for it's
no joke to awaken and find the wet
dripping all over you.    A couple of
Fun and Frolic
light woollen blankets, one to spread
on the ground and one for a cover,
would complete the equipment. The
camp should, of course, always be
near a stream or spring, as water is
absolutely necessary, both for washing and for cooking.
* * *
If it is proposed to prepare the
meals out-of-doors, a small aluminum pot will bc necessary, also a tin
plate, knife, fork and spoon for each
member of the party. It will be found
much more convenient to purchase
food at a nearby store than to carry
it. Sugar and salt should be carried.
The character of the food to be had
depends much upon tastes of the individual riders, but should be plain,
substantial fare. Canned meats, peas,
tomatoes, etc., can be easily obtained, don't overlook the good old Huston baked bean, for food value it is
hard to beat. Experience has shown
me, however, that a few days of preparing meals out of doors is sufficient
to cause the idea to pall.
* * *
After  several  days  of long  riding
there is very little zest in skirmishing
around for food, cooking it, washing
up dishes, etc. There is no use trying to dodge the fact camping out and
preparing meals outdoors takes time
���and energy. And if the party proposes to camp out, these things must
be considered. It is entirely practical to do so, of course, but the fact
must be recognised that the trip must
be made shorter as the daily mileage
is bound to be less.
If the trip is a camping out one,
each rider will need a strong, substantial carrier to put on the rear of
his bicycle. The blankets should be
tightly rolled and strapped to the handle-bars, as the wheel will be found
more easy to handle with the weight
more distributed. If the wheelmen
do not camp out, there is no need to
carry a luggage carrier, as all they
will- need to carry will be a coat, a
change of linen, and a few handkerchiefs, all of which can be made into
a compact roll and strapped firmly to
the handle-bars.
* * *
The writer's experience has shown
him the desirability of travelling as
light as possible, as it often happens
that it is necessary to do some walking, and when it is, every extra pound
of weight counts. For the same reason it is suggested that the bundle
be placed on the handle-bars, where
its weight is much more conveniently
carried when walking with the wheel
and there is no dead weight hanging
on the rear when pedalling.
* * *
Should more than one change of
linen be found necessary it can always
be purchased at a small cost, so that
it does not pay to carry it, the same
applying to the shirt. A regular coat
is much better than the sweater coat,
as the latter is not closely woven, and
when worn in the rain does not afford nearly as much protection. The
tourists should make sure that their
shoes arc in good condition, with
good soles, for if the latter arc too
thin, thc constant pedalling will soon
cut through them and give the rider
the sensation ot riding a bicycle in
his bare feet.
Personally I find that cycling togs
consisting of bike shoes, stockings,
knickerbockers and shirt with collar
attached, combines the maximum of
neatness and service. Regarding the
equipment of thc bicycle themselves,
it need be no different from that ordinarily used. Thc tires should be
in good condition, the position should
be a comfortable one, without too low
a drop on the handle-bare; a good
coaster brake should be used, and if
the country to be travelled is at all
hilly, a low gear, preferably a 77, will
be found much easier on the rider in
a journey of some days' duration.
For mountainous roads an even lower
gear, 62 or 68 would be advisable.
He Took a Noble Pull
A train slowed up at a busy country station and a man was seen to
put his head excitedly out of the window of one of the coaches.
"There's a woman in here fainted!"
he cried. "Has anyone got any brandy or whisky?    Quick."
Someone in the crowd on the platform handed him a bottle. He uncorked it frantically, put it to his lips
and took a noble pull.
"Ah," he sighed, "that's better. It
always did upset me to see a woman
Auntie���"Well. Tommy, what have
you learned in school today?"
Tommy���"How to whisper without
moving  the  lips."
* * *
"Does your wife favor useful gifts,"
"To  much,"   replied   Mr.   Meekton.
"Last   Christmas   she   bought   mc   a
nice,  new snow-shovel."
* * *
Peggy was two years younger than
Bessie. As'is the way with younger
sisters, Bessie's outgrown clothes became Peggy's humiliating heritage.
One day Bessie made an exciting
"My goodness!? she said, "I've
got a loose tooth. 1 think I'll pull it
"Oh, don't," Peggy implored. "Mother will make me wear it."
* * *
"Algy, I want you to buy me a
"I am glad you are becoming literary, my dear."
"Fudge. This article says one way
to acquire a good carriage is to practice balancing a book on your head."
* * *
Irate Father: It's astonishing, Rich-;
ard, how much money you need.
Son: I don't need it, father; it's
the hotel-keepers, the tailors and the
taxi-cab men.
* * *
"How's farming?"
"Fine. You know that abandoned farm I picked up?"
"That prompted my question."
"I sold quarry rights to one crowd
and rented the surface as golf links.
Now if I can lease ,the air to some
wireless company I'll have about everything under cultivation. Who says
intensive farming doesn't pay?"
* * *
Artist (to parvenu): There you are,
sir! I've painted you a full line of
ancestors, and I'll warrant you that
none will know they are not genuine.
This is your father, that your grandfather, and this your great-grandfather, and���
Parvenu: Hold on! Goodness man,
you've made my great-grandfather a
much  younger  looking  man  than  I
* * *
An eager young teacher was reviewing the Sunday-school lesson in
a mission church in Brooklyn. The
subject was Moses and the bush that
burned without being consumed. The
boys of ten or twelve had been greatly interested in the story, and were
now eager to expose their knowledge.
Answers followed her question with
the rapidity of a machine gun.
"Now, Harry, it's your turn,"
"Yessum," was the confident answer.
"Tell me what there was about this
burning bush that was different from
any bushes that have burned since."
The boy knew���you could tell from
the snapping of his eyes���but he
paused to formulate his words.
"Why, ma'am, you see this here bush
is burned up ��� but it didn't burn
down!" The teacher could not have
explained it better herself.
* * *
"I consider my own health and
comfort," remarked the intensely
self-concerned person. "Public opinion means nothing to me." "Well,"
replied Uncle Eben, pensively; "dar
is sumpin' jes about like dat de matter wif my mule."
* tr tt
A Substitute
Sardines preserved in oil and rubber cement have been added to products the exportation of which from
Norway is prohibited. ��� From the
Daily Consular Trade Reports.
If the lack of sardines preserved
in rubber cement is going to inconvenience you, there is always the
English muffin." ��� New York "Tribune."
* * *
"Doctor, that bottle of medicine
you left for baby is all gone."
Doctor���"Impossible! I told you
to give him a teaspoonful once an
"Yes; but John and I and mother
and the nurse have to each take a
teaspoonful, too, in order to induce
baby to take it."
The Recruiting Officer: "One
gran'father living? Is he on your
father's or mother's side?"
Thc Recruit: "Oh, 'e varies, sir; 'e
sticks up for both of 'ein���a 6ort of
noo trail"
* * *
The  Man  from  Mars  and tlie  \iv-
ing wage getter:
"Why du you work?"
'"In order tu cat."
"Why do you cat?"
"In order to work."
* * *
The Huns claim that they have not
yet exhausted their box of tricks;
Tommy Atkins bas not yet exhausted
his tricks of box.
* * *
The Germans are now forbidden
the general consumption of cow's
milk; there's always been a dearth of
thc human kindness variety amongst
* * *
A woman complained in court that
a German woman and her son, living
in the same house, annoyed her by
singing loudly in German; sounds
like another "air" raid.
* * *
Many a man has found marriage
what he expected1���only more so.
* * *
It's the little things of life that
annoy a man���he'd sooner lose his
wife than his collar stud.
* * *
Is anything ever and quite so easily lost as the "finding" of a Royal
* * *
The most useful memory is one
for past lies.
* * *
The truth is the worst you can say
about sonic people.
* * *
A man never knows what it is
good for him to be without until he
has got it.
The first siege of Paris was in 845,
when thc city was attacked by the
Normans and was soon captured and
ravaged by them. Three times in
the ninth century the French capital
was taken by Normans and Danes. In
885 it was gallantly defended by
Count Eudes and the Bishop Goslin.
During this troubled period the people suffered terribly from famine. In
1420 Paris was besieged and taken by
the English, and it was not until sixteen years had passed that the French
regained possession. In 1589 Henry
IV vainly besieged Paris, but five
years later he entered the city. In
1814 the English and German allies
took Paris. The City of Light was
again invested by an enemy on September 19, 1870, just forty-six years
ago. Thc seigc carried on by the
Germans continued 131 days before
the gallant defenders finally yielded
to the inevitable. During that period the population of the city was
reduced to the very verge of starvation. For a time early in the present
war it seemed that Paris was destined
to undergo another siege, but the
Teutons were turned back just as
they had conic within striking distance of thc French capital.
(By Canon F. G. Scott, of the Canadian Expeditionary Force, in the
"Times,"  London).
In lonely watches, night by night,
Great visions burst upon my sight,
For down the stretches of the sky
The hosts of dead go marching by.
Strange   ghostly  banners   o'er  them
Strange bugles sound an awful note,
And all their faces and their eyes
Are lit with starlight from the skies.
The anguish and the pain have passed
And peace hath come to them at last;
But in the stern looks linger still
The iron purpose and the will.
Dear Christ, who reign'st above the
Of human tears and human blood.
A weary road these men have trod:
O house them in the home of God.
Near Ypres, May, 1915.
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Lines
C. E. Jenney, Q. A. P. D.
Phone: Sty. 6134
W. O. Connolly, C. P. P. A.
ill Granville Street


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