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The Standard May 27, 1916

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"Here shall the Press the peo
ple's rights maintain.
Unawed   by   interest   and   un-
bribed by gain."
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��� PRINTING ���
Standard Prices. Standard Work
Standard   Printers
(formerly Chinook)
426 Homer St.        Seymour 470
Vol. V, No. 4���Established 1911
VANCOUVER,   B. C,   SATURDAY,   MAY   27,   1916
Price Five Cents
How British Columbia Rescued Messrs. Foley,
Welch and Stewart from the Abyss of Bankruptcy
N  May 15, 1916, the Hon. W. J. Bowser, premier and
\^J attorney-general of llritish Columbia, rose in the
Provincial Legislature to defend the government
from the wanton attacks of a gentleman by the name oi
II. C. lircwster, whose insatiable curiosity concerning the
past government's past, has tied the members of the legislature at Victoria for the space of at least three months,
whereas in the happy days gone by, three weeks was con-
sidered ample lor the completion of husiness. Mr. lircwster was recently elected by the people of Victbria as a
Liberal. He had the temerity lo contest the scat vacated
by the late premier. Sir Richard McBride, which seat Mr.
Bowser had apportioned to his new minister of finance,
Mr. A. C. Flumerfelt. Unfortunately the electors of Victoria did not for once sec eye to eye with Mr. Bowser and
returned Mr. lircwster to die legislature Instead of Mr.
Flumerfelt. No doubt Mr. Brewster was elated hy his
victory, ami deemed he had a duty to perform to those
people-who were sn misled as to elect him. Duty is a
stern master; Mr. Brewster a conscientious servant. Perhaps his conscientiousness is his excuse for his wantonness. Excessive regard for duty may he urged in extenuation of his crime in moving a resolution calling for the
criminal prosecution of government officials for the payment of too much money to the Pacific Great Eastern
Railway. He dared to claim that the government had infringed the statutes in permitting the railway company to
spend some $18,000,000 of government bonds when they
had only done some $18,000,000 worth of work, lie held
that they were only entitled to about $12,000,000. The
premier repudiated the charge with scorn. As counsel for
the defence, both of the government and the railway contractors, he was magnificent. His speech deserves to be
interred in the memory of a grateful country. This is an
endeavor to give it such interment.
"Ye that have tears to shed prepare to shed them now."
]-'or some time wicked and unscrupulous agitators have demanded an investigation into the activities of Messrs.
l-'oley, Welch and Stewart, railway contractors, who have
the charter for the construction of the Pacific Great Eastern Railway. In response no doubt to the demands of
these unscrupulous persons, Mr. Brewster moved his resolution. He presumed to throw doubt on the legality of
issuing bonds to these contractors for the purpose of financing the constriction of the railway unless those bonds
were authorised hy the agreement between the contractors
-ind the government. The premier boldly admitted that
"the subsection of the agreement referred to in this constitutional lawyer's resolution had to do with releasing
money," but "if we had hewn strictly lo the line in the
summer of 1914 the work would have collapsed." Horrible
thought! Instead of the work collapsing the money was
released. The result was that the contractor "increased
the number of men employed to 7000." Look on this picture of conditions during thc summer of 1914, before thc
war broke out, as drawn by the premier. "If we had hewn
strictly to the line, the work would have collapsed. Work
���would have ceased with only 18 miles of track between
Miuamish and Chcakamus down. Thc contractor would
have lost $1,500,000 in stores, mostly in perishable goods,
and probably a total loss. The money from the sale of
government securities would have stayed in thc bank and
drawn 3 per cent, interest, while the government would
have had to pay interest on bonds since July 1914. The
road would have been in the hands nl" a receiver and Foley,
Welch and Stewart in the bankruptcy court"���loud sobs
from the members of the legislature���"leaving an uncompleted road on the bands of the province. The security
of the bondholders would have been very much impaired,
and consequently the credit of the province would have
To think of it! The government, representing the people
of British Columbia, rushed to the rescue of Messrs. Foley.
AVelch ami Stewart. The premier himself says: Thc
firm was saved from bankruptcy. Could the people have
allowed such a tragedy to take place? A thousand times,
no! Imagine the news flashed across the world in that
awful summer of 1914. Foley, Welch and Stewart, contractors to the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway, to the government of British Columbia, principal shareholders in
the Pacific Great Eastern Railway, bankrupt! And at such
inie; with Ulster on the verge of rebellion over Home
Rule; with the dark clouds of war rising on the horizon of
Europe; with the United States fully absorbed in Mexico;
with Yuan Shi Kai tenaciously clutching the presidency
of China. Perish the thought! Whatever British Columbia has not done, whatever sins she has committed in the
past, watever burdens she may be called upon to bear in
the future; she saved the firm of Foley, Welch and Stewart from bankruptcy jn 1914. To her eternal credit let this
stand whatever interest she may have to shoulder in consequence. Here was a firm of contractors who in their
enthusiasm for construction; in their yearning desire to
carry out work demanded by the people of British Columbia; in their generous philanthropy towards a government which had entered into a specific agreement with
them; were on the verge of bankruptcy. They had so obviously trusted to the good faith of thc government. They
had signed an agreement which in their innocence of the
extreme astuteness of the men with whom they were deal-
ing, called foi* fulfilment. Hut they relied mi ihc intention
rather than the letter .ii the law. Could tiie government
deceive them? Could it insist "ii fulfilment and leave
them naked, stripped of all their wealth, in ihe bankruptcy
cull:."' It would have beer, indecent, shameless, a betrayal
of trust, a base misuse of power, Tllc government refused
"lu hew strictly tu the line" ami saved them,    Su wc arc-
spared our blushes at the spectacle of Messrs. Foley,
Welch and Stewart standing iu tlie bankruptcy court
stripped of their all.
Remember this! According to lhe premier, "When the
Pacific (Ireat Eastern Railway was organized, Foley,
Welch and Stewart bad not only agreed P. finance the
construction of the railway, but had also given their personal guarantee tu the province to complete tlie road, equip
it, and to guarantee its continual operation fur a period of
30 years, the lifetime uf the bonds." Reckless fellows!
According to thc charter of the company, at the time this
agreement was made in 1912, the "personal guarantee"
was a personal bond from Messrs. Foley, Welch and
Stewart uf $250,000 in securities. By charier the Pacific
Great Eastern Railway, nut Foley, Welch and Stewart, was
given an authorized capitalisation uf $25,000,000, or, for 450
miles of railway, $55,555 per mile and borrowing powers
of $27,000,000. The provincial government guaranteed the
principal of $15,750,000 and interest at 4 per cent���afterwards raised to 4 1-2 per cent, in February 191.1���which
equals $35,000 per mile, afterwards raised to $42,000 per
mile, in,1914. In return it received a first mortgage over
the whole line, and thc bond referred to above. The provincial government gave the guarantee to the Pacific Great
Eastern Railway Co. The bonds secured by the mortgage
are presumably issued to that company. If Foley, Welch
and Stewart do not complete their agreement for ihe construction, equipment and, operation of the line, they evidently forfeit their bund of $250,000, and the governmeni
can on its mortgage take over thc Pacific Grcat Eastern
Railway Co. But surely this should not bankrupt Foley,
Welch and Stewart, whose sole interest seems to be their
$10,000 in llie Pacific Great Eastern Railway Co., and their
bond of $250,000.
Again, according to the premier, "in October, 1912, thc
railway company issued to Foley, Welch and Stewart
$25,000,000 of paid up stuck, '['his was all the stuck which
had ever been issued." Individually and co-ordinately
Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart are the shareholders
of thc Pacific Great Eastern Railway. With them arc associated Messrs. D'Arcy Tate, E. F. White and Frederick
Wilson. So that the railway company issued to its principal shareholders $25,01X1,000 of paid up stuck; said company being organised fur a stock subscription of $100,000,
of which $10,000 was paid up. The-premier recalled that
in May of 1915 the Pacific Grcat Eastern Railway had de
posited $5,925,195 worth of bonds with thc Union Bank
and received only $4,800,000, having to give their personal
guarantee as well as that of the government. It appears
then that lhe Union Hank insisted on the government
guarantee as well as that of thc Pacific Grcat Eastern, or
does the "personal" guarantee once more refer to holey,
Welch and Stewart? If nut. did the Pacific Grcat Eastern
hand over the $4,800,000 thus obtained tu Foley, Welch
and Stewart? As the latter received the total amount of
bonds' issued, it must be presumed that they returned nearly $6,000,000 worth par value tu llie railway company,
which hypothecated them with the bank under the guarantee of the provincial government. In return they received
$4,800,000. Mr. Bowser staled that "the government had
over a million dollars by way of equity on the pledged
bonds in the bank, this being the difference between the
face value which they would have when times got better
and the amount realised when they were hypothecated."
If he refers to the advance made by the Union Bank, surely
it is the bank, not the government, which has thc equity.
Who is responsible for the bonds, the government, the
Pacific Great Eastern or Messrs. Foley, Welch and
Stewart? What at any rate arc tbe bonds worth when
Foley, Welch and Stewart arc thc operators of the railway ?
But to proceed. The premier showed that "the last estimate given by the chief engineer of the total work done
had been that of December 23, 1915, when he had reported
that the total value of the work performed under contract
had been $18,895,188. The government had advanced $18,-
029,895, leaving a hold back of $865,2'1." Mr. Bowser, according to the NEWS-ADVERTISER report, did not
state whether this estimate of the work done was that of
the company's or the government's chief engineer. Assuming that it was the latter, what does "the total value
of work performed" mean? If it means what it says, that
portion of the railway equipped and finished as well as
the grading completed and other work done has cost $18,-
895,188 up to the end of last year. But then Mr. Bowser
proceeds, "There was also for buildings and water tanks,
$150,000; rails purchased but not delivered, $111,514; telegraph lines, $50,000; Squamish road, $670,000," etc., "which
with other similar sums aggregated $4,992,404, an amount
which was to the credit of Foley, Welch and Stewart and
Patrick Welch, and; which was added to the government's
security." If these items are not included in the total work
done, Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart and Mr. Patrick
W'ele': have most generously performed a greal deal of
wnrk amounting to almost $5,000,000 worth, which the
chief engineer has nol seen lit lu include in his estimate.
These items an- evidently separate from the work done
by tiie contractors i"r iln Pacifii Great Eastern Railway
Co., and that company owes these amounts tu tin- firms
mentioned. If they are not part oi the total work done,
for which $18,029,895 ha- been advanced, they must be
added iu ilie accomplishment of the contractors. Thus
really ^.t.oeij1/! worth of wurk has been 'lone.
But where, oh where is thc additional security to which
the premier refers? What security ha-- the province beyond the first mortgage "ii the road and the personal bund
ul Foley. Webb ami Stewart for $250.01.11 ill securities.
The railway company has issued $25,000,000 worth uf
bonds, lu construct the railway. 11" it had issued $100,-
(".10,0011 worth, the security would surely be the same. Just
because the contractors have generously done nearly
$5,0C 1,1 ��� worth "f work fur which they have nut been
paid by the railway company, dues that make the road
when completed more valuable? As Mr. Bowser said in
the summer of 1914, if the government had not released
the proceeds of the bonds, Foley, Welch ami Stewart
would have been iu tiie bankruptcy court. It will worry
the people ui' tiie province if all this extra money has been
expended "ii tlieir railway without adequate security���to
the contractors. The latter, however, with childlike simplicity, [nit their faith in governments, If Mr. lircwster
and his inquisitive friends had their way. this faith might
be shaken. The present government should not have allowed Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart to risk their
money in ihis fashion, even though tiny did make an
agreement���"when conditions were quite different"���lo
finance the railway company, which they own. Hut there
is more t" come. Mr. Ilowser states that "ul" the $9,000,
000 which the railway men had themselves invested, over
$2,000,000 was spent in interest on their bonds. Between
two and three millions was in townsites. and the government had the personal covenant of the men who owned
the Pacific Grcat Eastern Development Company, so that
it would be fair to assume that these properties would be
additional security for the province." Glory be! Here's
another $4,000,000 additional security coming oul of the
clouds. Is it quite fair to assume Messrs. Foley, Welch
and Stewart, Mr. Patrick Welch and now the Pacific Great
Eastrcn Development Company arc the fairy godmothers
of British Columbia? Are they business men ur philanthropists?
Really such generosity is appalling. Mr. Bowser conjures up securities from the illimitable depths ol" the pockets of these confiding gentlemen like a magician. Nothing
so wonderful has ever occurred before. If one company is
not sufficient, behold another, Who, what, where, why.
the Pacific Great Eastern Development Company? And
it has been thought Messrs. Foley. Webb ami Slew art
and Mr. Patrick Welch were hard-headed business men
out to make money. Tbe Pacific Great Eastern .ill through
the interior is known as "Pat Gets Everything." What
a libel���what an outrageous insinuation. Why. here, in
cold, hard figures, which cannot lie. we find thai these
gentlemen of the road, the Three Musketeers ul Hritish
Columbia, have put up $9,000,000 cash "lit "f their own
pockets in order to carry on the work ihey bad agreed t-
finance, equip, and operate. Nine million dollars! Good
heavens, no wonder they had I" be held back from the
abyss of bankruptcy into which they wen -��� recklesslj
plunging. Reillv the governmeni must nol take idvan-
tage of them like the-, ll is obvious ihey d i ii"i kn a
what they are doing. $9,000,000 over ami above the $18,-
029,895 the province has advanced, makes $27,029,695 worth
of work done, or equipment paid for. "r cost "I iperation.
And the government has it all secured to iisili' Poor,
pour Foley, Welch and Stewart; poor Mr. Patri I Wei
poor Pacific Great Eastren Development Com;'.' y\ Sure!}
now at last the people of British Columbia realise what
is being done to them���no, for them. Imagine what would
happen now supposing the government refused t ��� advance
them another $6,000,000 to complete the line G lod hea\
ens! They would be precipitated over the abyss
threatened them before and the people won].', be lean incompleted railroal on their hands.
In order  lo thoroughly  realise the  ri-'iN  the contractors
have taken on thc assumption that we would always       :
faith with tliem. il may be as well to analyse some ":  tin
items "f which this $9,000,000 is composed.    Mr. Bows r's
figures   were   evidently   taken   from   a   similar   statement
| to that published in the Hritish Columbia Financial Times,
which set forth "the necessity and reasonableness ol the
Province of  British  Columbia giving aid  i" the  Pacific
Grcat Eastern  Railway."    First, it must be clearly understood that we arc dealing with four companies, lo wit:
The Pacific Grcat Eastern Railway;
Messrs. Foley, Welch and Slew art;
Mr. Pat Welch:
The  Pacific Great  Eastern  Development  Company,
Thc statement shows "detailed expenditure to December
31, 1915, on Pacific Grcat Eastren Undertaking," and is
obviously official.    Herein we find an item:
Foley, Welch and Stewart. Cash and supplies for work
and Development Co., $2,417.2^.52.
This eveidently means An Foley, Welch and Stewart
have paid out "Cash and Supplies for work" as some part
of this sum, while thc balance has been advanced to the
.Development company. This company seems to be a real
estate company which has invested, according to Mr. Bowser, between two and three millions���there is a delightful
vagueness about* the sum���in townsites. The men who
own this Development Company are "wropped iu mystery." Presumably they are Messrs. Foley, Welch and
Stewart. Whatever sum these gentlemen have invested in
these townsites is shown as part of the sum expended on
the Pacific Great Eastern Railway. In the same statement,
under the head P. Welch, Contractor, there is:
P. Welch, Advance to Development Company, $794,000.-
A little later there is another item:
Less; Value of Right-of-Way through Development
Company lands. $858,073.00.
The right-of-way for the railway is believed to consist
of 8 acres to the mile.    There are 450 mites  of railway,
-" that there are 3,600 acre- for ihe right-of-way. Are
these 3,600 acres valued at $858,0/3.- I VI $100 an a're
they would be worth $360,000, As a matter of fact, they
probably would nol fetch S2n an acre I
If the  Pacific Great  Eastern  Railway  Company owns
the right-of-waj through thesi  lands, il teems lobe credited   with  $858,1 73j00      Supposing   that  "between   two  and
three millions" is estimated al $2,500,000.    If the Foley,
Webb  and  Siewart  item  of $2,417,280.52  referred  to  is
divided  as $2,000,000  to  thi   Development   Company  and ���
j the balance to cash and supplies for work, we find a total
I of $2,794,000 from  Foley,  Welch and  Stewarl    and   Pat
I Welch and a credit to tbe Pacific Great Eastern of $858,-
073, or a total of $1,935,927 for the  Development Company.    Thus  the  security  of between   two  and  three   mil-
lire.- is lessened by the credit to the Pacific Great  Eastern,  which  is  already  secured  by  mortgage.    This   surmises that  Foley, Welch and Stewart have placed all but
$417,280 into real estate.    Of course this assumption  can
"idy be based on the information given am! it proves how
absolutely  valueless  that  information  is.    The  Development Company is surely a private speculatio : in townsites
There was a townsite and about 12 miles of railroad pur-
chased from the  Howe Sound and Northern Railway, at
it is said. $1,000,000.   Hut the government al- i granted by
charter  t"  tin-   Pacific  Great  Eastern   Railway. "Vacant
crown lands for townsites at divisional points, consisting
of   1280  acres  at  each   divisional   point;   and  (;40  acres   at
' each other townsite."   lias the Development Company any
I interest in these townsites?   That would seem impossible,
j for otherwise   Foley,  Welch  ami  Stewart  and  P.  Welch
could hardly charge the Pacfic Greal Eastern Railway Co.
1 with these sum- and allow  Mr. Bowser to assume they
i wen- pan of the $9,000,000 invested by these gentlemen
in iln- construction of the railway.    Mr. Ilowser, however,
mentions townsites valued at between two ami three millions which belong to the  Development Co., and are ac-
ci rding t"  him,  part  of  the  province's  security.    What
agreement has the government then with the Development
Co.?    It is as well lo know these things, because the people
; do honestly desire, in Mr. Bowser's w"pis. "to be lenient in
a-e- such a- these."    Wiiat price did the Development Co.
1 pay the Railway Company for these townsites which were
given by the people to the latter'
Among other items of this $9,000,000 it is interesting to
; note:
Foley,  Welch and  Stewart, equipment  furnished, $42o.-
I 022.20.
I'mler "P. Welsh, Contractor." arc all sorts of items,
some "I which Mr. Ilowser mentioned in his speech.
"Wagon Road for construction purposes. $137,588.24.
Equipment ami Horses, $100,000. Supplies on hand, $100,-
000," ami so "il
As ha- been said, these evidently cannot be included iu
"wurk done." But ihey might be included under Contractor's Plant���ii there were such an item. Horses, for instance, are surely plant ou capital account of any contract"!- Hnl Mr. Welch has thrown them in and they are
included in ihe $9,000,000 -pent, li" they were sent off t"
some '"ii contract, presumably they would still be part
"i the security owned in tin- government. The construction ui a wagon road by ,i contractor is evidently not part
il the necessary "work done" under tiie engineer's esti-
jmatc. The wagon road is necessary to construction and
i- apparently an asset, for ii is reckoned as part of the
security. X" doubt Mr. Welch when he risked, s,, much
in taking tin- ontract from the Pacific Great Eastern
Railway did ni t reckon i n having io construe', roads, and,
thcrefi re, would nol estimati "r such things, lie evidently relied .-ii tiie good faith of the government. Tiie Pacific Great Eastern Railway company seems te, ha*e
"soaked" its shareholder. Mr Pat Welch. IK- even has
im ', to suppl} rolling stock for the railway to the extent
of $670,160.68, and yet, by the agreement between the government and F dey, Welch and Stewarl. the latti r i perate
, ihis rolling si ck. Poor Mr, Welch���everyone will sincerely hope he will get his $670,160.68 lack from them,
more especially as it is said that this rolling stock n tv
carries a label showing the ownership oi the Pacific Great
i Fasti ni 1 let elopment Co.
| But, unfortunately, Mr. Welch has suffered a definite
lam! terrible loss. He took this contract in go,,,! faith,
ai d yet another item -bows he is out $1,085,969 18 on subcontractor's 1 'SSCS. These l"-sr- are still part i : tin j
ernment's $9,000,000 security. Now how can sue] ��� ���
be allowed? Mr. Welch kis sub-contracts to various people, and they let him in like this, h is abominable. He
I supplies them with everything from a tin lark to a donkey
I engine. He allows the sub-contractors to have the advantage of buying everything from him. He can feed
them, clothe them, house them, and for all these services
would only charge a small percentage over and above what
the actual cost is to him, just for running expense ��� some
20 per cent, or so. And then after doing all this, he loses
over a million dollars. lie takes a contract for the construction of the line from the Pacific Great Eastern, He
does not tender for it, it is let to him because���oh, well,
just because. The price? Xever mind, but for thc sake
of argument, say $2.00 a yard. He then lets out contracts
just to give others a chance. Perhaps some contracts arc
let at $1.00 a yard. Thc sub-contractor may find he has
taken the contract too cheaply, and when his work is
done discovers that be owes Mr. Welch for supplies or
wages and that thc work has cost him $1.50 a yard. Mr.
Welch presumably says. "Never mind, old fellow, better
luck next time." and pockets his loss. Well, then, he
must lose at least 50c a yard, which tiie contractor lost,
although he apparently gets $2.00 a yard from the Pacific
Grcat Eastern Railway Co. It's all dead loss, loss of
nerve, loss of time, loss���oh, why ever did he go into tbe
contracting business. Over a million dollars loss which
the railway company must apparently pay out of its guaranteed bonds! It's tragic; it's brutal; no wonder tbe abyss
of bankruptcy stared���let a veil descend over the moving
picture- very much censored by the premier's refusal to investigate.
For ties the Pacific Great Eastern Railway Company
has paid out by this account, $396,765.48.    Perhaps  both TWO
SATURDAY, MAY 27. 1916
Ehr ^tanitarii
Published every Saturday at   126 Homer Street, Vancouver.
Telephone   Seymour 470
Registered   at   the   Pout  Office   Department,   Ottawa,   as
Second Class Moii Hatter.
To all points In Canada, United Kliife'dom, Newfoundland,
New Zealand and other Jiritlsh Possessions:
Posture to American. Euri
$1.00 per year extra.
$2.00   *
ean ana other foielgn countries
Thc Standard will be delivered to any address In Vancouver or vieliiiiy at ten cents a month.
Member of the Canadian Press Association.
The.Standard, with which i.- Incorporated the Saturday
Chinook, circulates In Vai uver and the cities, towns, villages and settlements throughout IJrltlsh Columbia. In
polities Ihe paper Is Independent Liberal.
landard Printers
Me.-srs. Foley, Welch and Stewart, as well as Mr. Pat
Welch, include a portion ni thc cost of tics under thc
head of equipment.     'P'raps they do, p'r'aps they don't,
p'raps1, p'r'aps nol." as R. G. Knowles would say. Now
supposing thai a sub-contractor cut the ties and delivered
them on the work at 25c each. They would be inspected
and great care taken to ascertain they were decent ties.
The indecent ties 'would be rejected, and the sub-contractor���serve the fellow right���would depart possibly out
of pocket. A second inspection might prove that most of
the rejected ties were, after all, ties, and, as such, useful.
It would bc a shame to waste them, so why do so? No
doubt they would then be credited to the departed subcontractor and charged to thc Pacific Great Eastern Railway at a small profit���say 50c a tie. Inspection by the
government engineer would prove their value and naturally it costs something to put them in place and tack steel
to them.
Or consider such things as piles- for a wharf. A subcontractor might deliver them at 8!4c per lineal foot. Driving these piles might cost anything from 15c to 25c a foot.
On thc other hand they might be charged to the P. G. E.
as very expensive piles brought from a long distance and
cost, delivered on the work, 35c a foot, while driving them,
if the work were specially trying, might cost 50c a foot.
They should be creosoted owing to the prevalence of teredos. But that process might add very greatly to the expense.
There are so many possibilities besides teredos and
other destructive influences attached to ties and piles.
There must be some small profit allowed for the contractor somewhere, and no one can blame him for getting the
best price possible for his supplies. After all, the work
must bc inspected and passed by tlie government before
money is advanced to the railway company. Thus, of
course, the people arc amply secured and protected by the
government engineer!
Some portion of thc line has been open for a time. The
hard winter, as Mr. Bowser explained, interfered with the
working of the railway, and it is said that the snow plough
borrowed from another railway company for thc purpose
of clearing the line of snow, was too large to operate properly. The other company had no business to have such
a large plough. Yet, despite these handicaps, Messrs.
Foley, Welch and Stewart have been operating portions
of the line as best they can. Mr. P. Welch, according to
ihis statement, spent no less than $480,106.71 on cash and
supplies for operating thc line. This item is also included
in the $9,000,000 investment. Thc line from North Vancouver to White Cliff carries quite a number of passengers in the summer. Yet the statement shows no revenue
from such operation. Perhaps it is already deducted from
the item referred to and the $480,106.71 is a net charge.
As has been said, it is ohly possible to speculate regarding these items. It may be wrong to imagine that there is
no profit anywhere for the contractor. The trouble lies
with the statement, and judging by the summary given,
there must be quite a lot of bookkeeping between the four
companies. This is an additional difficulty which faces
the Pacific Creat Eastern Railway, Messrs. Foley, Welch
and Stewart, Mr. Pat Welch and thc Development Company. It is unfair to judge the work by Ihe statement,
because the statement shows so little and the accounts
must bc most complicated. Xo doubt, under the circumstances, lhe best possible has been done, to give the public
information which the curious Mr. Brewster so ardently
desires. Even if more detailed statements were given,
would lhe public understand them? Bookkeeping is a
science, and lhe generality of people arc not scientific.
Yet seeing thai, according to Mr. Bowser, British Columbia once saved Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart from
bankruptcy, it would perhaps be wise to save them from
themselves and go very carefully into all tlieir accounts.
Mr. Brewster demanded such an investigation by Royal
Commission. Premier Bowser, however, must bc credited
with fully understanding the statements which have been
rendered to the government, lie says that all is well,
so surely Mr. Brewster should be satisfied. It was suggested in these columns some weeks ago that if any further sums were necessary to complete thc line, the government itself should relieve the contractors of further responsibility and finish the line with its own money. Premier Bowser proposes to lend another $6,000,000 presumably to the Railway Company, which, no doubt, will lend
it to Messrs. Foley. Welch and Stewart, who may possibly
lend it to Mr. P. Welch. It is absolutely necessary that
the line bc completed. The people demand it and thc line
is useless and a liability until-, it is finished. If it will cost
$6,000,000 to complete tbe Newport to Prince George sec
tion, then that money must be found without delay. It
apparently can only be found on the credit of the people
of British Columbia. They are already paying interest on
previous sums found. At the next session of the Dominion parliament, it is understood the Pacific Great Eastern
will apply for a subsidy of $12,000 per mile, and "strong
hopes are entertained by the P. G. E. of obtaining such
assistance." Provision is made in the Pacific Great Eastern loan bill that the provincial government will have a
first mortgage on these strong hopes as part of the security offered for the proposed Provincial government loan.
"The stronger the hope the better thc security.   The pro
vince will live in hopes���if it will only return Premier
Bowser to power at the next election. How would the
Conservative Dominion Government consider such a proposition if a Liberal government reigned at Victoria.'
It is said ample security apart from these strong hopes'   .
will be given for the proposed loan.    This security may
be summed up as follows:���
(lj    "A   mortgage  upon  the  road  when  completed."
Tllis was already provided ill the original charter.
"This mortgage to be second only to the claims
of the bondholders."
Arc not Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart the
bondholders, or arc they merely the bond disposers? The Union Hank appears to hold some
of ihe bunds. Yet, according to the premier,
"the government had over a million dollars by
way of equity on thc pledged bonds in the bank."
(2) "A first mortgage upon the townsites and terminals of the 1'. (",. h'.. and Foley, Welch and
Stewart." Under lhe charter, "Vacant crown
lands are granted for townsites al divisional
points, consisting of 1280 acres at each divisional
point, and 640 acres at each other townsite."
Is the government then to receive a first mortgage on these crown lands which apparently it
did own, but gave to the company, and which, in
any case, should be covered by the first mortgage
on the P. G. E.
(3) "49 per cent, of the common stock of the P. Cr. E.
and 49 per cent, of the common stock of the P.
Cr. E. Developmenl Co. This stock does not pass
to the ownership of the province, but is put up as
a security."
In view of 1 and 2, what is this security worth?
(4) The P. G. E. will give a bonus to the province
for the loan and assistance provided in the past
of $2,000,000 worth of common stock. Tllis will
be owned outright.
For all of which Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart w'ill
no doubt be duly grateful and say grace.
"For what we have received and for what we arc about
to receive may the Lord of Folly at Victoria make us
truly thankful.   Amen."
or the Pacific Great Eastern Development Company, that
a competent firm of auditors be appointed by the justices
of the Supreme Court of British Columbia to investigate
thc accounts of these various companies and render a plain j
statement to the people regarding the actual cost of the!
j railway   and   tlie   various   financial   transactions   between |
lilies concerned.    Before any firm which, on thc
premier's own -bowing, has been so close to the verge of
bankruptcy, is allowed to handle any more of the province's
money, Ihis statement should be given.
Tlie people claim lhat .dr. Bowser cannol determine lo
balk Ibis investigation merely persuading his followers
lo trust his judgment. They charge Mr. Bowser with being directly concerned in thc fortunes of the Pacific Creat
Eastern Railway Company, as his law firm of Me-srs
Bowser, Reid and Wallbridge have acted as lawyers for
lhal company. They charge that though attorney-general
of the province, he is appearing before the legislature as
attorney lor the railway ill his capacity as premier. Ile is
asking lhe legislature lo grant a loan to his own clients.
They desire I" know whether Mr. Bowser's firm has at anytime represented the Pacific Creat Eastern Development
Company or any of the subsidiary companies of Messrs.
Foley, Welch and Stewart.
PREMIER BOWSER has definitely refused Mr. Brewster's request to allow an inquiry by Royal Commission into the affairs of the Pacific Great Eastern Railway. Yet he is forcing through the provincial legislature
legislation allowing another $6,000,000 to be advanced to
the railway company to complete the road to Prince
The people are anxious and willing to see the work fm"-
ished as soon as possible, but they consider the relations
between the Pacific Grcat Eastern Railway Company and
Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart, and Mr. Patrick Welch,
and the Pacific Great Eastern Development Company
should be thoroughly investigated.
They -know that Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart~are
the principal shareholders in the Pacific Great Eastern
They know that Mr. Patrick Welch was handed the
contract for the construction of the line without any tender whatsoever.
They know that this contract has up to date, on the
figures given by the Pacific Great Eastern Railway, cost
no less than $27,000,000 for 450 miles, or $60,000 a mile for
a line which it was originally estimated by competent engineers would cost $25,000 per mile.
They know that, according to the opinion of competent
authorities, the present line as constructed should not
have cost more than $40,000 a mile, even when Mr. Pat
Welch handled thc contract.
They know that Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart are
business men and not children, who in a fit of fatuous philanthropy, desired to build, equip and operate this railway.
Therefore they know that, despite all Mr. Bowser's assurances, Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart and Mr. Pat
Welch are not losing anything over the construction.
They know that there is absolutely no necessity for the
government to do business with any company but thc
Pacific Great Eastern Railway Company, and that that
company has no business to give ils bonds, guaranteed
by this province, to Foley, Welch and Stewarl or any other
They know that the real estate transactions of Foley,
Welch and Stewart through lhe Development Company,
have nothing whatever lo do with lhe construction and
operating of the line, and that most of this real estate
was granted free to the Pacific Grcat Eastern Railway for
townsites, etc., under charter.
They know that by Mr. Bowser's own statement, Messrs.
Foley, Welch and Stewart formed thc Pacific Great Eastern Railway Company by subscribing $100,000 in shares,
of which only $10,000 was in cash, and in return they received $25,000,000 of bonds.
They know that thc government received $250,000 worth
of securities as a personal bond from Messrs. Foley,
Welch and Stewart, and they demand to see those securities. In other words, they want an accounting of the
$250,000 paid to thc government by Messrs. Foley, Welch
and Stewart when they obtained' thc charter of the railway for the Pacific Creat "stern Railway.
The people of British Columbia are determined to obtain a full investigation into the relations between these
various companies so as to know exactly where they staftd.
They are not satisfied with the securities offered, nor with
tbe manner of the construction of the railway. They are
not satisfied with Mr. Bowser's assurances, having already
experienced what such assurances are worth in the case
of the Dominion Trust Company. They refuse to be treated like children by Mr. Bowser and curtly informed there
will bc no investigation into the affairs of these companies.
They demand a general election before the agreement
goes into force so that they may have the option of saying
whether they will complete the road themselves or hand
over another $6,000,000 to Messrs. Foley, Welch and
Above all, they demand that before any more money is
handed over to the Pa>ifir Great Eastern Railway Company, Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart. Mr. Pat Welch,
TO THE SURFACE, ll may bc lhat in this somewhat 'rude phrase we find an explanation of the fact
that in the present political turmoil through which wc are
passing in Canada, guttersnipes, beachcombers, and political prostitutes arc being given such prominence. Our
newspapers all over the Dominion are unsavory with thc
pestilent, malodorous stench of political rottenness. And
so disgusted is the public becoming with this state of affairs, that many despair as to the ultimate end of all
things political.
Do these plug-uglies and professional sluggers really
represent the average type of politician? Or are they
only the tools of the "higher tips" who seek to strip lhe
country, and who furnish enough plunder to go around?
Will time ever come a time when something higher than
material welfare will be the moral law of the land? We
are not without hope, even while we ask these questions.
We firmly believe that there are yet many in Israel who
have not bowed the knee to Baal. And there are many
in our provinces who earnestly strive after a new order
of things and with the co-ordination of their forces and
the development of their potentialities, a method will yet
be perfected whereby these hirelings and intimidators will
be-relegated to the oblivion from whence they should
never have been allowed to emerge.
This chaotic state of affairs, however, raises the larger
question: Upon whom rests the responsibility of allowing
the governments of our Provinces to drift.in to this Sargasso Sea of filth and slime? The self seeker and the political Sinn Feiners, whose only ambition was personal profit, have done their full share of grabbing and grafting, and
must now, when the day of reckoning comes, be made to
pay the full penalty of their treasonable deeds. The law
may not permit that they bc hanged or shot (and more is
the pity) but we can so deal with them according to law
that for the residue of their natural life they may be contritely sorry for their misdeeds.   And deservedly so.
While, however, these mountebanks have gambled aw
our institutions, they are not wholly to blame for the p/e
sent state of affairs. Why were they allowed to do/so?
Where have the so-called forces of righteousness />ecn
all these many years? There is surely some responsibility
resting upon those who stood idly by and did nothing.
Where were the men who have preached and talked about
the beauties of democracy?
Is democracy a thing without duties, obligations, or
responsibilities? Most assuredly not. And every man
in our fair Dominion who has not in his own sphere taken
an intelligent and consistent interest in the political life of
his own community must shoulder his share of the responsibility for the present order of things.
But it is argued in extenuation of this indifference and
aloofness, politics are so corrupt. Even the most insignificant ward association has been captured by lhe "Interests," and all the conventions and primaries are packed
with hand-picked proxies, that, what is the use? Exactly.
Ail incoherent and immobilized mass of,men and resources
is powerless when confronted with the perfected and intricate organization of the party machine. There is only
one way of bursting the machine, and that is to become
a part of it. We can preach and philosophise and pass
resolutions until domesday, and never be anything more
than a heterogeneous mass of conglomerate ideas and
ideals without vertebrae to hold us together, and without
a living soul to save us from damnation.
It has been said that in this country there is one thinker
to every five thousand of its inhabitants. The rest are
simply talkers. This may be somewhat exaggerated, but
there is without doubt a modicum of truth in it, and so it
has come to pass, that while wc all slumbered and slept,
our heritage was stolen.
What then do wc mean by "doing something now." Is
it really possible that the conscious and active moral forces
of thc communities can capture the machine? Yes, most
decidedly. And the whole secret is "PERFECT ORGANIZATION." You cannot inspire to action the unorganized, but, as some one has said, "You cannot organize the
inspired." The Social Service Councils and church bodies
are the strongest forces working in thc right direction that
at present exist. Xo political party can afford to despise
them. If they do, it is at their own peril. Thc best men
in every community are in some way or other associated
with these bodies, and their power will bc considerably
strengthened when the women arc enfranchised, for in
these days all the social and moral societies have large
numbers of women workers. It only remains for the leaders of these movements to educate their constituencies
and lead them to see that by taking an enlightened and
sympathetic interest not only in their own institutions, but
in the work of the several political parties in their own
particular communities, they are rendering a patriotic and
profitable service to their country, by thus driving from
our political associations and clubs, the vast horde of ravenous parasites that has sucked the hearts blood out of
our great land. It can be done. Where there is a will
there is a way.
t" conflict with (heir outworn wisdom. So acute has the
situation become in Xew South Wales as to resolve itself
into a question of the abolition of the upper house of the
legislature. Many provinces and some kingdoms such as
the present kingdom of Greece, succeed very well with a
single representative chamber. At any rate, we are sure
a second chamber would not prove to be an unmixed blessing. The Athenian Areopagus represents the senate or
council of ciders in ancient Rome, which formed the oldest and mosl permanent element in the Roman constitution. The British House of Lords has an intimate politico-
historical connection wilh such bodies, and in imitation
of lhe greatest empire of history, modem countries and
colonies have instituted a syslem imitative "I" the llritish
House of Lords and House of Commons. The weaknesses
of lhe greal are more readily Imitated than the features
of strength. Notwithstanding the crises thin have arisen
within recent years endangering the very existence of the
House of Lords, it still exists, but ibis House is no longer
the haughty dictator it mice was. It has become more and
more evident that the people's direct representatives
should be the governing body. And we in Canada arc not
without reason for complaint. Some time ago the verdict was pronounced that the Senate as it stands is an
anomaly crying for change. But we got no further because
no one has dared to carry out the sentence. At the same
time it is not to be imagined the public has no conviction
on this matter. Everybody is aware how distressingly-
different the Senate is from what it ought to be. Orig- .
inally and ideally the institution was to conserve the
country's service, men of recognised worth and irreproachable character who were liable to be lost to the country
amid the uncertainties of party politics. How many uf our
senators would remain unabashed under the scrutiny of
this fierce light?
Meantime it is a museum of antiquities���lhe honored
places filled by mere partisan favorites, who represent
themselves more than the party or country���at least we
hope so. What credit does the wild ravings of senators
like Domville and Power bring to themselves or any party?
They, through their outbursts of vituperative nonsense,
bring discredit upon the government which was unfortunate enough to appoint them. Senator Powers, with strange
and unexpected creduloiisness, informs his worthy colleagues that tea and overeating do as much harm to the
people of Canada as liquor! But tllis folly is surpassed
by Senator Domville who, in a most unhappy tirade against
religion, dragged debate down to the level of thc unrighteous anger of a saloon brawl.
Is this characteristic of ihe men themselves or the Senate as a body? We leave it to you to decide, but if such
sentiment is to dominate the Senate, where, indeed, it
should never have been expressed, wc beg leave to say that
the fagend of our respect for that venerable body of men
will be dropped out of account. And if tbe bill enabling
the provinces prohibiting the sale of liquor to forbid also
the importation ol" liquor from other provinces is to be
killed liecaii.se of such unreasoned attacks as we have mentioned, there can be nothing but trouble ahead for the
Senate in tllc form of measures that would either abolish
it or take away its misdirected power. Senates and sens
tors niay outgrow their years of discretion.    ��
THE Senate literally means the assembly of old men.
and with the idea of age is conjoined that of superior
wisdom and experience. Senates and senators, however, have not always proved themselves worthy of respect and qualified to decide in the affairs of the people.
The temper of such governing bodies has generally been
aristocratic and conservative. It is not to be wondered at,
that among democratic peoples, there has been a tendency
A WAR ON SPARROWS is suggested in England as one
way to reduce the high cost ol living caused by the war.
A war on the political vultures of British Columbia might
help things out a little these hard times.
SOME MEN WHOSE ideas seem to be somewhat archaic
arc puzzling their brains to find out if Moses wrote the
Pentateuch. Wc do not know whether he did or not, and
like millions more we are not interested to know. The
good old book says: "Thou shalt not steal," and that is sufficient fur us. The pulpits would give greater service to
the community if they preached oftener to the politicians
of British Columbia from this old-fashioned text and let
Moses and his l?l Pentateuch rest until the resurrection.
They can ask him all about it then.
* * *
SENATOR DOMVILLE. MAY be a perfected specimen
of modern Senatorial Senile Decay. That is, however,
no guarantee that he knows anything at all about psalm
singing or trench  warfare.
* # *
TRUTH SAYS:���"Lord French has made a good beginning in cleaning out of the infantry units the sluggards
who have now vacated their commands. 1 hope he will
next insist on breaking up the coteries of slackers which
have been formed iu many units, and as a "permanent
staff" are evading every military duty iu the danger zone.
These young captains and senior subalterns should be
ruthlessly dragged out of the soft billets they have created
and ordered across the seas now. The plea that they are
useful as adjutants, assistant adjutants, mess committee
nit ii, canteen managers, or in charge of boot shops, should
in fairness to the hard workers, he rejected. Officers
over age or invalided could easily perform all these duties.
The burdens of service are not being borne equally, and
wirepulling is rife in all home stations."
* * *
THE HEADS OF the Canadian Militia department could
do nothing better than read the above paragraph carefully. AH the wirepullers, gentlemen officers and aged
and infirm political soft billet-holders are not in tbe Imperial army in Great Britain. Canada has a few, and
British Columbia has its full share. ���
* * ��
THE HON'. MR. BOWSER will be a candidate in Kamloops as well as Vancouver, lie has a premonition tlV*/^.,
his political remains will be interred on Burrard inlet.*'Xf
So says a Victoria paper.
* * *
THE TOMMIES AT the front show grcat ingenuity an",
their recreations.   Try repeating the last line of this little
parody at express speed and you will have some idea of
the fun the boys have in  the dug-outs between the Jack
Johnsons when they have a rhyming bee on.
"Mary had a little lamb,
Its feet were black as soot,
And everywhere that lambie went
Its sooty foot it put."
* * *
IF YOU WISH to convince yourself that the descendants
of Ananias are not yet all exterminated, read the reports
of tbe Royal Commissions and Investigations Committees
in the columns of the daily newspapers. It has been some
family that Ananias tribe.
SATURDAY, MAY 27, 1916
The accommodation and service that we are giving is of the
best. It is shown by the number of offices that have been rented
during the past few .months. There are still some to he had which
we would be pleased to show you by applying al the Rental Depart
North West Trust Company, Limited
Phone Seymour 7467
jiinilliliBB:;    ,     llllBillllllBl
Investors  seeking safety together  with an attractive  interest
yield should investigate the merits of B. C. Municipal Bonds which
return  from 6 per cent,  to  7  1-8 per  cent.    Their desirability  is
shown by the demand for them.   Consult our Bond Dcpt., in person
fl     or by letter.
I Canadian Financiers Trust Company
Head Office: 839 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B.C.
PATRICK DONNELLY, General Manager.
F,..:,,,: ���;,;:;.:-  ;���:.,:, ;;,:;������;',:���: . ... ;:,���:,;: ���.:;!: :,i",:-.:../
When you wish to communicate with a friend     jj
who is also a neighbor, you do not sit down and     B
write a letter or a postcard. Of course, you don't.
You telephone.    The telephone enables you to     1
talk to each other. ��j
What if your friend lives in New Westminster, Nanaimo, Victoria? By means of the tele- J
phone he (or she) is no further away than your jj
next door neighbor. Conversation is just as easy j|
and just as prompt. Why do you send a letter j
and perhaps worry over the delay of the answer?
Speak, don't write.
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Lines
C. E. Jenney, G. A. P. D.
Phone: Sey. S134
W. 0. Connolly, C. P. F. A.
S27 Granville Street
Poultry Supplies. Hay. Grain and Feed
PHONES: Fairmont 186���878
Fraser 175 and Collingwood 153
PROVINCIAL LOAN $10,000,000.00
As forecasted in iii budget some
weeks ago, the Province "i British
Columbia finds ii necessary in borrow heavily for current financing.
The estimated revenue ivas $6,000,000
against an estimated expenditure of
$11,300,000, and a loan bill fur approximately four and a half millions
was looked f"r. Apart from this, however, the government has decided to:
loan to ihc Pacific Great Eastern
Railway the -inn of Six million dollars, and ihc Loan Bill just
put forward in the legislature wives
power 1" the l.ii'iireiiant-t rovcrnor-
in-Council t" raise hy way of debentures or treasury notes "i the Province, or inscribed Stock', the sum of
$10,000,1100 at 4 \-2 per cent., ami re-1
payable not later than June 30th, 1941.
Tin- monc) '.vill doubtless be found
in the Xew  York market.
For sonic months the people ol
Ibis province have been waiting to
learn the exact policy of the Government in regard lo tin- Pacific Great
Eastern. It is generally agreed that
thc line is very important to the Province as a whole, am! that it should
be completed as early a- possible, particularly so because iln Province has
guaranteed all lhe P. G. E. bonds, and
tlie sooner lhe road can bc made to
earn, thc better it will be for the
Tlic government proposes, in addition lo the existing guarantee, lol
lend six million dollars to the com-
pany to enable it to complete its railway to Fort George now held up for
lack of funds.
As security for thc loan, the government will receive a first mortgage
on the properties of the I'aeific Great
Eastern Development Company, a
subsidiary concern; 49 per cent, of
the stock in the railway itself���in addition to lhe existing mortgage���and
a bonus of $2,000,000 worth of the
railway's own stock. In a word, the
government in return for its six-
millioil-dollar loan, will have as security a mortgage on everything the
railway has iu this province.
In addition to this, the government
will bc called upon to pay interest on
guaranteed bonds in the meantime.
The sum of $316,016.80 was paid on
account of interest by the Provincial
Government last January, and a further instalment falls due shortly. Altogether, the finances of this road are
altogether unsatisfactory, and in reality iu a deplorable condition. By giving a further six millions to this company without first investigating the
facts regarding the standing of the
company antl the manner in which the
funds which were secured by government guaranteed securities, have been
applied, the government disregards
the most essential business principle.
In thc light of information which appears to reveal a serious condition
of affairs, the stand of the Premier
and his colleagues is indefensible. Already the ministers in charge ol" the
finances have allowed payments of
money from bond sales of approximately $20,500,000 to be made Io ihe
railway, which appears lo have expended only about $19,000,000 iii construction, etc. The Premier explained
tllis matter some  lime  ago by giving
the   impression   thai   it  was  done   to,
permit ihc contractors to proceed with
lhe  work and thus relieve a labor  -il
nation which confronted the Province
at the time. It i- reported that the
shareholders have not put one dollar
into the company, but Messrs. Foley,
Welch and Stewart received, with1
tlieir associates, $25,000,000 of stock
without consideration. The security j
given the government is very questionable���nothing definite is known
of ihe Development company lit is a I
subsidiary company and its well-being depends on the railway company I.
The mortgage is subject lo two trust
deeds already in existence. The Province already has a first charge un an
unfinished undertaking which, it is
now obliged to finance to a finish.
So what value can bc attached to the
proposed mortgage? The bonus of
$2,000,000 of stock iu the I'. G. h'.. is
valueless, unless tllc Government finances the road through. According to
an answer to a question ill the House
recently, the minister stated that the
chief engineer of railways estimated
the cost to complete the road would
be $11,463,730, from which it will be
seen the present loan would finish but
half thc remaining work to bc done.
As a matter of fact, it is stated that
only 62 1-2 per cent, of the line is
finished, and over 50 miles of grading remains to be done. It is also
proposed by the government that the
present contractor, Mr. P. Welch, be
allowed to complete thc work. Some
time ago it was announced that the
company gave one of its own members (Mr. I'. Welch) a contract for
the building the whole line. This
contract was given without competition at a price which is not disclosed. Thc contractor iet thc work to
sub-contractors, and they in turn to
station  men.
And this orgy is to continue, at the
direction of the Premier and his party supporters. Tliere is no room for
party politics on this page, but we
cannot refrain from comment on the
business proposal of Mr, 11. C. Brewster, leader of tllc Opposition, for the
appointment oi a Royal Commission
to investigate and bring in a report
which the government could use in
forming a business solution of the
problem. _,
The Queen Mine at Salmo, B. C,
one nl lhe leading gold producing
properties in the Sheep Creek District, has been put under option 1" the
Toii'ipah-lleluioni Company, an
American mining syndicate. The purchase price is sail", to be $300,000 and
upon completion "i" the purchase, new
development work is to be undertaken.
The Queen Mine ha- belonged i i
its present owners, the Queen Mine-.
Inc., a close corporation of Wisconsin people, for eight years. During
that time the company has repaid to
its shareholders thc entire amount
ihey invested in its purchase and
equipment*, Consequently, the sum
obtained from ils sale will he clear
J This is the second British Colum-
Ibia g"hi mine to bc acquired by the
ITonopah-Belmont Company, as it recently purchased for $250,000 cash, a
four-fifth interest in the Surf Inlet
Inline in thc coast district near  Prince
Jingle Pot
Always Mined by Union
White Labor
Coast Lumber & Fuel Co., Ltd.
Phone Fair. 2500    Phone High. 226    Phone Fraser 41
illllllllllSIII!!!!!!!!!!!!!:    * I  1! ������������
I Northern Securities Limited
Established 1906
Seymour 1574
Furnished Summer Cottages
Two at Cosy Cove, North Arm. One at Grantham's
Landing, Howe Sound.
    ALL    VERY    DESIRABLE   	
Manager   i
Rupert,   which   it   is   now   equippin
with a large mill.
The Western  Fuel Company, one of
the  great  coal   mining companies  of
Vancouver   Island,   is   reported   to   be
changing   hands,   tlie   controlling   interest having been purchased by Ari-!
zona and California mining men.    The
Company was much in the public eye
several years ago when several of the
officials   of   the   company   were   eon-!
victed in the California courts of con-1
spiracy to defraud the  United States
Government out of duties on import-
ed coal.
The property involved includes 40,-1
000 acres of coal lands iu British Col-!
uiiibia with a present output of from
?<I,IKKI io 660,000 ions of cal a month. I
Thc company recently opened a new
mine at Xanaimo. B. C, at an installation expense of $1,250,000.00, which,
il was said, would increase thy output
about 2,000 tons a day.   The company ,
also owns yards and bunkers in Oakland and San  Francisco.
Indications arc lhat lhe new owners
will further capitalize for ihe extension ol coal mining operations on
Vancouver Island. A large percentage "i the coal mined by this company
is exported to lhe United Slates.
SOME of these big trust company
concerns, it is said, do not believe in
this "Daylight business.'' < >i course
sonic men, the old book -a\~. "Love
darkness rather than light, because
iheir deeds are evil." \\ hat a wonderful old book that is after all. It
'.ids 'em.
$150 CASH
Through their representative
going to the War, the famous
Australian firm of Trewhellas
want to immediately quit 6
(SIX)  of their world-renowned
Tree and Stump Grubbers
$150   EACH   CASH ,
for the full equipment, which
was selling at $200 before the
big rise in materials. Otherwise���we are instructed to return them to Australia if NOT
OPPORTUNITY for anyone
wanting the world's best clearing  machinery.
Send CASH $!50 and Order
Now to
The Campbell
Storage Co., Ltd.
A Few Standard Paragraphs
llE'FORE  Sam  Robb beats  us  to it.
we take occasion to remark that the
Terminal   City   Dog   Show     was     a
"Howling  Success."      Call   off  your
* + *
"THE scarcity of sugar," a certain
newspaper says, "is causing the German government serious concern."
The fact that there will soon not be
money enough in Vancouver to buy
a bag of sugar is causing serious concern among tbe thrifty housewives
if this community. A little inquiry
into present conditions in this trade
in B. C. might reveal some queer
fa ts. Some business men have yet
to learn the true meaning of th* word
CONTRARY to all precedent, that
sedate, also Conservative, Old Lady
of Pender Street, the "News-Ad.," issued an extra containing the German
note in reply to President Wilson's
post card. It would almost justify
Chancellor Carter-Cotton issuing an
emergency call for another University
* * *
THE C. P. R. staff in the general offices at Montreal have begun to "save
daylight" by starting work an hour
earlier, but without altering the clock.
* * *
WHEN" are we going to get "sonic
daylight" on the Railway deals, etc.,
in this and other provinces?
PHONE: 8EY. 900
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.
1012 Standard  Bank Bldg.
Vancouver. B.C.
An intVrt'Nfiiijii' Kerne *l������inj{ Cnnnilinn HolillerK preparing meals at an outdoor
kitchen nt the Canadian bane at St. (loud. In France
Phone Seymour 9086
for the safety of your valuables
and Documents.
A  Private  Box
in  our  Safety Vault.
$2.50 Per Annum
Phone Highland 137
Grandview  Hospital
VANCOUVER      -      B.C.
Medical : Surgical   : Maternity
Rates   from   $15.00   per   week
TAKE NOTICS of the Intention of Malcolm, Summers anil Ford Limited to apply
to llie Registrar of Joint Stock Companies
Ior tlic change of the name of the Company
to     bummers   and   Ford   Limited."
Dated at Vancouver, Ihis Sth day oi April,
A.  D.  1916.
R- S. FORD, Secretary.
Mercantile Building, Vancouver, B.C.
the expiration of ont raonth*a continuous publication of thia Notice tn the British Columbia
Gazette and in the Vancouver Standard, the
above-named Security Fireproof Storage &
Moving Company Limited, whose registered
office is situate at Xo. 786 Beatty Street, in
thc City of Vancouver, B.C., intends to
apply to lhe Registrar of Joint Stock Companies to change its name to, and adopt thc
name of CanipbeTs Security Fireproof Storage
& Hfovtng Cumpan]   Limited.
DATED this 3rd day of May,  A.  D.  1916.
Solicitors for the said Company. l'OUR
SATURDAY, MAY" 27, 191ft
How to See Vancouver
At Its Best
Makes tour of city, covering 16
miles for 25 cents. Visits all
points of interest, Including
Stanley Park, English Bay and
Hastings  Park.
Leaves Granville and Robson
Streets daily at 10 a.m. and 2
and 4 p.m.
See tllis world famous canyon
by taking North Vancouver
Ferries and B. C Electric cars
to within a short distance of
Lynn Valley is another beautiful spot on the north shore
you should see.
To New Westminster and the North Arm of the Fraser.    Choice of
three routes from Carrall St. or Granville St. stations. Return fare, 35c.
rin- history uf tin- woman suffrage |after year by large petitions and re
movement in British Columbia has
entered upon a new phase, li has at
h uglh in conic ;i inatici ol immediate
ami practical concern to all political
parlii 5, The cj.ro v ing political activity of women, promoted and lostered
to fi large extent by the women of lhe
presentative delegations without result. Some individual members were
favorable, bul the greater number
echoed the words of Sir Richard McBride i" thc woman suffrage delegation of 1913���"I cannot subscribe to
the views you have so. ably presented
suffrage societies, has become a mat- to me upon this occasion."
ter uf moment i" lh<  success of pai   ,    So thai is is evident that in January
ties.    To  whose  aid   shall   'hi>  new of this  year,  the  suffragists  of  this
force be  tendered?    On  whose  side province had an absolutely clear-cut
shall this influence be used?   This, as political   situation   to   face,   and   one
Season  1913-14  	
Season 1914-15 	
Season 1915-16 	
the time of ;i general election draws
near, and thc fate of parties hangs in
the balance, may be at least one of the
deciding factors in the result,
l.el us review for a moment li'e
position of the woman suffrage cause
previous m this present session of
parliament, and the attitude of thc
different political parlies toward it.
I.ost    Drawn     For     Againsl
7 I 49 .!''
^ 5 f I vi Where   hail  wc  arrived   by  January
39 19
Ever since the formation of the
Greater Vancouver Church League
three seasons agOj Westminster Presbyterians have been one of its Strongest and keenest combinations, playing the game always in a true and
sportsmanlike manner ��� a method
which  brings its own  reward.
The seasons of 1913-14 and 1914-15
passed  with  them  occupying  second
The filial game with St Paul's, to
decide the winners of the medals,
came-as a fitting conclusion to a very
successful season,    A  few hours later
of lliis year.' Slip by step, adding
"here a little, and there a little," we
had built up a considerable body of
favorable political opinion. The wide
publicity given by live years of active
propaganda work to the extremely
unjust  position   which   women   occu-
llie  following  players   were  en  route I pied  in   the  eyes  of  the  law   towar-
for England with the 72nd Battalion
Privates D. Suttie, J. Main. VV. Bradshaw, J. Holt, W, Pollock and A.
Wright. They have rendered valuable
service to the club during the present
which led logically and unmistakably
lo the same definite line of action tllat
bad been adopted in a similar situation by Ihe woman suffrage party of
The position of the Manitoba women was parallel to ours. The Conservative government refused to grant
suffrage to women, 'J'he other parties
favored it. The Liberal party had
pledged itself lo enfranchise women
if returned to power, upon the fulfilment of a merely nominal condition.
Therefore the women suffragists of
Manitoba decided to oppose the Conservative government and to assist the
Liberal party, feeling that the success
of tlieir own cause was bound up with
their lioines and children, contribu- | the success of this party. They did
ted largely, ill the mind of the average Iso; and when the Liberal leader was
man,   Inward   ihis   result.       I he   re-  called on lo form a government, the
iwakening of serious and opeii-mind-
���il thought with regard In social, poli-
wonien  were enfranchised,
In  this  manner  was the  vote  won
tical ami economic problems, which i in Manitoba; and it is probable thai
followed hard upon the shock of the j such a course would have recomniend-
failurc of our great material prosper-  ed itself to tlie women of llritish' Col-
Back row���Mr. Muter (president), H. Longley, A. Caird, J. Holt, A. Wright,
A. Scott (Captain), C. Gascoigne (Secretary), Webster (Referee)
Front Row���Mr. Suttie (patron), J. Harper,   W.   Bradshaw   (Vice-Capt.),
R.   Suttie,   D.   Rennie, J.  Main, A. Dickson.
place in ilie league table. Last sea-1 season, am] their old comrades wish
son Ihey were a little unfortunate in them lin- best of hick am] a speedy
losing the championship by only one return
point, being defeated by a penalty
goal in Hie final game wiih the Firsl
Presbyterians, now known as the
"Hearts," ibis season's winners of
the second division.
Not 1111 iii tin- present season, however, did they attain their ambition nf
winning   the    I
This they did b<
ity, helped appreciably. Also, tlie undoubted value of llie war work of women. And lhe knowledge of their
suffering in seeing their fathers, husbands and sons sacrificed lo ibis
greedy Moloch of war; and (be recognition lhal in a widespread enfranchisement of women lies the surest
means to a lasting peace���iu consequence of these and other considerations, not only tlie generosity of men,
but their fair-mindedness ami clear
sense had been enlisted to the support
of onr claim. 'Phis was reflected in
| the increasingly favorable attitude of
I lhe political parties. The Socialist
I and Labor paries had long granted the
claim of women io ihe franchise. The
Liberal parly in the first years of the
activity of the woman suffrage movement, had made this principle a plank
iu its platform, and continued to reaffirm il. Only (he party in power,
the Conservative party, steadily refused up to tllis .present session, to
consider seriously the question of woman suffrage.   The Conservative gov-
: in- championship,
vi ry large margin,
obtaining the necessary points with
two games in hand. Once only were
thej defeatetl in iln- competition, thai
\ glance ai iln- above figures will
show Imw ihey I ave steadily climbed
llie ladder to success since llie club
was organized in the season of 1913-
unibia if the situation bad remained
as stated.
But it did not so remain. Tbe astuteness of the politician recognized
the danger of throwing the support of
the suffragists to the Liberal party.
The danger was not a visionary one.
Already many wonlen, neutral as to
party, or of Conservative leanings,
had thrown their influence on the
side of the Liberals, in whose success they saw the success of woman
Something had to be done to win
back the women; not so much perhaps for the practical help they might
give, as lo stem the tide of discontent
and disfavor toward the government,
Which, once started, was liable to
spread rapidly and insiduottsly, antl
in the end prove very destructive to
any atmosphere of goodwill toward
the government or the Conservative
Hence the woman suffrage referendum.
What does the referendum give to
ernmenl   had   been   approached   year   the women of this province?    It gives
The Junior., had also a very successful season, iheir best effort was the
winning of the Con Jones' shield.
They also qualified for the final of
the Con Jones' Cup, but were defeated   by    llie   Wesl    End   Junior.,   two
being bv the now defunct club of Sl I"'" '" '"'' '" tl,c ���l""i'"' \'li'"��''
Michael's. This was the only reverse ,Cag"c "lh,c ""'��� "l'''"l'-v lllircl !",si"
ni, I    with   in   all   c��-�� " ���"��� '"""'      ""-   WaS   ""*   firs*   scasr'
igngeiiients   will
Church  league  clubs.
Tiny were also successful iu winning iln n etlals given bv the Church
League lor competition among church
League clubs, securing nine points
oul of a possible ten. Cedar Cottage
holding them down to a draw.
Apart from the Church Leagui
competitions, ihey  have  ilways given      Everybody  al   the   Pantages    ne*
junior team was placetl iu the field
by thc club. Tbe club as a whole
should be congratulated on its sue
cesses ami for the interest taken in
iln-. healthy recreation,
a good account ol themselves in the
cup ties, being the only Church league
team last season to qualify in the
Mainland Cup. In the qualifying cup
they played three game., before being
week will laugh ai that inventive Eng  i
b'sb chap, Ben Clark, who is entirely
as   iniinaiable   in   his   own     way     as
$67O,0C0 compatriot, Charlie  Chaplin
' i   fact   w lien   Chaplin   came   here   ii
sent down by Sapperton.   hi the com- person   in   vaudeville   he   didi
petition proper they losl to   \ll Saint
by the odd goal in three.
This season Ihey repealed lhe performance. In the Challenge Cup thej
defeated a strong team fielded by
West End. bul were defeated iu the
semi-final by Cedar Cottage Rangers
three goals to one. A series of byes
led them to the semi-final of the
Mainland Cup. but they were no
match lor lhe aggressive tactics of
the Longshoremen, who defeated
them by the score of four goals to
nil. This was the highest score registered against them during the present season.
,ENNIE Co., Limited
Iter St.  - - Vancouver
t   gel
nearly the laughs which -Clark was
given iu Seattle last week, or which
he drew when lie appeared al the
Orpheum in the same act with Mabel
I lamitton".
Clark's personality is very largely
the act, Scores of other comedians
could go through just the same business, speak just the same lines and
never get a ripple. His is a pictorial
personality; it would be as effective
in silent drama as on the vaudeville
stage. Ile lias young woman toe
dancer wilh him. Tlie audiences gave
him never less than six curtain calls
in bis week's engagement in  Seattle.
The Kerville Family is a good trick
billiardist aggregation. Clark and
Chappelle do well with a comedy song
turn. Aaron Hoffman's "Xew Leader" is a strong comedy offering;
Flaville returns with her accordion;
and "Cleopatra" is a dance with six
girls, a snake, and much scenery and
Dre����> s���i, or taffeta Ik a ui.rui.nt of Unparalleled us.- <lurlaK the *prlnK and
N...IHII.T.   Thi* onr in black ronnM, of a xu.pcndcd frock nnd abort Icoac jacket
the opportunity to spend time, energy
and money, in what is likely to prove,
under present circumstances, a losing
game; and which, once lost, is bound
to set back the cause of woman suffrage for a number of years to come.
For if the referendum fails to carry,
we do not remain in the favorable
position to which we have attained.
We  go  back.     U'c  lose  ground.
In lhe eyes of lhe electorate, and in
lhe eyes of both large political parlies,
if we accept ami work for a referendum, we have consented to have our
cause judged in this way ami we shall
be asked to abide by lhe rsiilt. We
shall he (old. "You accepted ibis mode
of deciding ihe question; you worked
for it; now you must, as reasonable
beings, accept  lhe   verdict.
Is il worth while to cul the ground
from under our own feel in ihis way?
Is il worth while, for lhe sake of the
uncertain hope of an immediate victory, lo run this risk when a slightly
slower but a surer chance of success
is awaiting us iu the near future, if
we do not jeopardise it by* rash action.
Let us nol be misled into jumping
al the shadow and losing the substance.
It will be urged that the referendum may pass. That is true. Hut the
chances are against il. The liquor
forces are organized to fight the prohibition measure, ami will poll a
straight vole against woman suffrage.
The Liberal voters, in the heal of
party strife at n general election, are
apt to take the stand that woman suffrage is better served by striving In
return to power a parly pledged to
woman suffrage than by supporting a
Conservative woman suffrage referendum. "Why vole for a Conservative
measure when they themselves intend
lo bring in a Liberal one?" would he
a natural partisan stand. Willi regard
to the Conservative voters, if Mr.
Bowser, as is well known, could nol
get a straight government measure
for woman suffrage through the party
caucus because of the opposition of
the up country members, can we expect those same members to promote
woman suffrage sentiment among the
Conservative voters of their constituencies? If the majority of the government caucus would not vote for
woman suffrage, will the majority of
the Conservative voters do So?
among   these   three     interests,
two of which the Liberal and Conservative parlies are not vitally interested in a woman suffrage measure,
and one, the liquor Interest, is directly opposeil lo il. the woman suffrage
referendum is apt to fall by the wayside.
Surely il is plain that Ihis bill is
designed, nol as a concession to woman suffrage, hut as an embarrassment to the suffrage cause and an
obstacle in its path.
How shall we surmount this obstacle? It seems to lhe writer that
the answer lies in adhering to the
attitude of protest which the suffrage
societies have! already adopted toward this measure.
Hy letters, telegrams and deputations to the individual members of the
legislature and to the cabinet, the
united suffrage societies have protested against the submitting of woman suffrage to a referendum of the
male voters of ihc province, both on
the ground of principle and of expediency.
They have proclaimed themselves
with one voice as being "absolutely
opposed" to a woman suffrage referendum.
They have urged, very emphatically, tliat the referendum ��� whatever
might lie said in its favor with regard
to certain other questions���was nol
justly applicable lo lhe question of
woman suffrage, loir the basic principle of the referendum, we take it
is that a question shall he referred
to those interested for tlieir decision
The referendum in question purpose
to pass over the heads of those most
vitally interested���the women���-and
ask for the decision of the comparatively uninterested���the men voters of
the province. This, we protest, is not
a true referendum.
To diverge slightly. The Premier
stated to the woman suffrage delegation which waited upon him recently, that they seemed unwilling to submit their cause to the men voters of
tllc province, and yet urged for a decision from the 38 or 4!) men who
composed the. legislature; and in this
he professed to find some inconsistency; some lack of thai logic which
is popularly supposed to be tbe prerogative of men. This objection
caused some surprise among the suffragists there assembled. They had
supposed that they were approaching,
not thc individual men, Mr. Ilowser,
Mr. Manson, etc., hut Mr. Bowser, representative of the people of 11. C;
Mr. Manson, representative of the
people of Prince Rupert and so on.
Might they not have asked ��� "Mr.
Bowser, when you are elected by a
majority, say 51 per cent, of the voters of Vancouver, and you take your
seat in the house, do you then consider yourself as being merely the individual, Mr. Bowser, member of the
Minn Elisabeth lllrnlr, the artlat who
depict* Canadian bl*torlcal event*.
Her mural painting* are In lhe Public MbrarlcK of Colllnui-ooil and
I'l'lletaiiKuiHhenc.     One  of  her fluent
work* Ih the finely-conceived * ie.
������Huron*   fleeing   from   Iroimol*   on
Raft*"  in   nil��.
firm of Bowser, Reid and Wallbridge
���and presumably, therefore, pledged
to his interests, or do you consider
yourself as the representative only
of that 51 per cent, who elected you
and pledged to care for their interests,
or are you the representative of the
whole of the people of your constituency? As a matter of fact, your government has assured the women suffragists of this province in the past
that you did represent them. They
consider it a most inadequate representation; but such as it is, it is all
they have. Why do you now seek to
evade this responsibility? Is this an
admission that your government is
not a responsible government?
To return to the attitude of Ihe suffrage societies, why recede from the
position already taken that we do not
���onslder this a true referendum, that
we are "absolutely opposed" to it, and,
.nconseipience, refuse to work for it?
Shall we lose anything by such an
attitude? It is surely reasonable to
iuppose that the attitude of the electorate at large toward woman suffrage as formed by the influences of
the past few years, will not be materially changed by an "eleventh hour"
campaign on the part of the suffrage
societies. Wc have no startling disclosures to make; no entirely new and
urgent point of view to present. The
case for woman suffrage is practically
the same case today as it was last year,
or the year before. Wc could hardly
hope, by an address here and there,
to make many converts to an idea not
held before. In general, convictions
change slowly. Added to this, is the
difficulty of travelling in the interior
and the possibility of an early election. Hence a campaign in favor of
the 'referendum will be inadequate at
its best, and the result of the referendum vote will not be materially changed thereby. We have little lo lose by
refusing io work for the referendum.
On lhe other hand, what have we
to gain hy refusing in any way lo accept or work for the referendum?
In the first place, if the suffrage
Party, or, lei us say, a large section
of it, can present a firm front and
steadily refuse to be influenced to accept what they have declared themselves so opposed to. they have accomplished two very important
things. They have strengthened their
own sense of self-reliance, ainPthey
have laid unmistakable claim to that
respect which is due, in political life,
to a reasonable stability and a firm
adherence to principle.
In the second place, in case lhe referendum fails,, the women suffragists
have still the right to approach either
party tllat is returned to power and
say���"We did not acknowledge at
any time that the referendum on woman suffrage was a true referendum;
wc did not consent to have our claims
decided by it; we did not work for it;
and we therefore acknowledge no obligation to abide by thc result of it.
So we now ask once more tllat you
bring down a measure to confer the
franchise upon women." Here lies a
very real value in refusing the referendum. We do not tie our hands. We
can still approach a Conservative government and ask them to bring in a
suffrage bill. We can still approach
a Liberal Government and ask for the
fulfilment of their pledge.
It is to be hoped that the women of
British Columbia will consider seriously before embarking upon a campaign in favor of the referendum, giving due consideration to the disaster
to the cause of suffrage which will,
in such a case, follow upon its possible failure.
m SATURDAY, MAY 27, 1910
Cycle Notes &, Wanderings
By   Rover
.-v lew days ago, after a quiet jaunt
round Stanley Park. I seated mysell
neai ihe water's edge, filled my >ld
pipe and rim inaled; ihc scenery round
me ."as beautiful in ihe i vticinc, but
the homeland longing tool; possession
of inc. and I began io ruminate, tu
dream. In fancy I imagined J was
"somewhere in England," where tin
fields tumble down into the vallc* .
and climb up again on to the bill-.
Imagine the hedges culling up those
fields into all sorts of shapes and
sires, bill up iln- odd spaces wiih
trees a thatched cottage or two, a
road that falls down perhaps into
sonic hidden village, and a blue and
while sky. \nd then the tout ensemble i.- this���or, rather a picture of
this���Isn't  this,  this  England,  worth
fighting for?
* * *
1 think of some of the little bits of
England and Wales wilh which 1 am
familiar with, thank's solely to mv bicycle. My thoughts run riot to Vonh
Wales, to the unspeakable wonders ol"
the mountains there; then I am transported to the lovely lanes of Warwickshire. Again I am back in Cheshire, and again in my own county of
Kent, tlie garden of England. Next
1 am on the glorious downs of Will-
shire, or in ihe moors of Yorkshire,
or lingering amid the luxuriance of
the Xew Forest, or the miniature delights of the Isle of Wight. 1 pass
in to Dorset and Devonshire. Anon 1
am among the rocks and rugged coast
line of Cornwall. Then again 1 relurn
to the Home counties, and yet again
I am wandering up north, traversing
the purple moors of Whitby. I see in
my mind's eye a thousand bits that
are worth fighting for.
* * +
I think of the hundreds of cyclists
who have answered to their country's
call and are even now in lhe battle
line, or on their way thither. I have
no doubt that they are ready if necessary to make the supreme sacrifice.
They have shouldered arras to keep
unsullied and inviolate the land they
love so well���the land to which, probably cycling first introduced them,
and which, certainly cycling has made
them appreciate to the full. 1 can
quite imagine these gallant lads, as
they do their weary sentry go. or wail
patiently in the trenches, or worm
their way under cover to some vantage ground from which they can veritably "do their bit," or charge fiercely through a storm of lead to death
anil glory���I can quite imagine them.
I say, letting their thoughts stray
back to the little island home they
are out to save. I can quite imagine
these fellows, the cyclists of yesterday; the soldiers of today, seeing visions nf the favorite beauty spots lhat
they visited and revisited in the course
of their cycling trips. "Crack" goes a
rifle. "That's for dear old Surrey."
whispers the soldier to bis mate.
"Bang" speaks the mate's gun. and the
chances of his favorite county being
bespniled are reduced by one. So. as
I go on my way, I think of that "simple parable" which Mr. Lloyd George
told in one of his great recruiting
speeches. "I know a valley in North
Wales," be said, "between the mountains and the sea. It is a beautiful
valley, snug, comfortable, sheltered
by the mountains from all the bitter
blasts���I remember how the boys
were in tllc habit of climbing the hill
above the village to have a glimpse
of the great mountains in the distance, and to be stimulated and freshened by the breezes which came from
their hill tops, and by the great spectacle of their grandeur���" Many of
us cyclists know that little valley���
or another just like it. "Isn't this
worth fighting for?" There can he
only one answer to that question if
we are eligible and free fo fight.
* * *
While cycling is a popular recreation for healthy and vigorous youth
of both sexes and all ranks, it is not
understood by numbers who have
weak or feeble constitutions or have
reached or passed middle age, suffering from some of the common complaints at that time of life: to whom
cycling would prove a blessing, bringing with it renewed health and
strength, if they but knew how lo
use it properly. For them cricket,
football, or lawn tennis require too
much effort, and their exercise is confined to a little walking, driving or a
gentle ride on horseback. Yet, in most
cases, none of these is so beneficial
as the cycle when used with judgment and in moderation, loir such
sufferers and those who while not
aware of any particular ailment, "do
not feel well," to use their own phrase,
I now prescribe, and not for the
strong and healthy, or the youthful
"scorcher."   whose   object   is   to   ride
as many miles as possible within the
hour, or who lours through lhe country  ai   lhe  rale  of KU or   100 miles  a
day  without   seeing  anything  except
llie   road   before   him.
Among the complaints known to
have been cured by cycling, or greatly
benefitted by lhe pastime are nervous
prostration, dyspepsia, liver diseases,
| insomnia,   constipation,   hemorrhoids,
j varicose veins, rheumatism, goul. anaemia, melancholia (where there is no
chronic disorder of the brain i. lassitude, loss of appetite, cold feel, itching   of   the   skin,   particularly   of   the
I legs,  caused  by imperfect  circulation.
: general debility and  lack  of muscular
* * *
Cycling, like medicine, must be taken wilh regularity and ill doses suil-
able to the complaint The following
; prescription, which has in most of lhe
above cases been found effectual, must
therefore, be considered as general,
and where no decided benefit is derived after following it for a month,
a cycling doctor should be consulted.
Several doctors in Vancouver, I am
told by one of the leading cycle
agents, strongly recommends cycling
in many cases, and says that result*
have iu every case proved successful.
* * *
Thc first thing in ihe morning mi
rising put on slippers, in winter, or
during the present cold spring have
them warm lined, to prevent the feet
from getting cold, sponge tbe body
and limbs with cold -water, preferably
salt water, robbing briskly till dry
with a rough towel, then bathe and
rub the feet well. To commence by
putting the face in a basin of cold
water, opening the eyes, and then
sponging the neck, throat, and chest
thoroughly, is best, bul I leave it to
the option of those who dislike cold
water. If thc weather be very cold,
and through your debilitated condition
you feel the shock of the cold water
too much, take the chill off it. What
is the use of so much cold water? It
is an excellent tonic, and a few applications make all those who use it
feel directly afterwards fifty per cent,
better. Should going out on an empty
stomach agree with you, by all means
take the air for a little while before
breakfast, but this does not agree
with all of us. At breakfast let someone else have all the pork pies, tinned
meats and other indigestible things,
while you eat and drink wdiat experience has shown best suits you. Three
'meals a day only arc advisable for
I delicate people, the last about 7 p.m.
Afternoon tea is very refreshing; let
it be freshly made, preferably China
tea, and if at all dyspeptic do not
eat with it.
+ * *
Different complaints require different treatment, but for people suffering
from those named, three meals a day
I only are generally advisable. An apple
| between breakfast and luncheon i.- an
excellent tonic. Some sleep better by
drinking a glass of milk or having "a
bite" just before retirement; while
others who awake in the night find, if
it docs not interfere with their digestion, that an apple, or part of one, is
an excellent soporific. Avoid fat. oil
and pastry. Eat slowly, drink moderately, the less wilh your food the
better. Digestion is in many cases
improved by not drinking until after
eating, and then very hot water, or
if between meals, either hoi or cold
water. Unless troubled by looseness
of the bowels, eat plenty of fruit,
especially apples. It is noticeable
that most stout people dri\- a good
deal, and until this habit A�� firmly
combated and overcome, c��rs 'g can
have but little effect iipF'**"' '*'
When   suffering   from   th
To perspire freely by lhe more ra- '���lat martyred red erosf nurse,  Edith
pid movement of the legs towards tl . Cavell. and speaks will: feeling i f thai
i nd of the run, not by hard work  in lady-   i,iu.   heartedness   for   thosi    in
hill climbing,  has an excellent  effect suffering.    Mi-- Robson met Mi-- j
on most people in poor health, if the) '*'"   shortly   before   this   lann
change   their  clothing  at   once,   have v''ir  started  and  had, jusl   fii    I i.
a bath or  sponge  with  warm  waur. engagement   in   London,   England,  as
get well rubbed ami then lie down for the   startling   announcement   of     thi
a rest.   Be careful when beaied nol io war's   commencement   was  publish)
remain  in lhe  open  air or  in  a  room anil  il   was  through  the   friendship   ul
that   is   not   warm   without   an   extra '""'   "'   'he   liriiish   Cabinet   officers
Wrap, or you will assuredly catch cold, that   she   secured   passage   i^r     New
to   which   everyone   iu   a   debilitated York, thus enabling her to fulfill her
condition is s., liable, often without
apparent cause. Your only defence
is not by muffling up at home to a-
void draught but b) wing frequently
into the open air to accustom and
harden your bod> io frequent changes
of  temperature.
* * *
lu  Iwo or  three days gradually   in
crease the distance cycled as you find
contracts ou this side of iln water
without any delay. The dales i.,r Miss
Robson's appearance are June l. 2, 3. i
6* S
that  practic
enables    v..ii    n,   do    so
TIM",   system   ol   moving   the   ini f-
from   Vancouver  to   Vermin,   Vernon
io   Vancouver,     Vancouver  overseas,
without  more  fatigue.' 'but  avoid  go"   l����ks like a game of political shutUe-
ing mo far.    If ih,  nnd feeling does   cock'    The  0","*'r>' is ���'������-v,"~' ���'  b'8
! mn wear off after a short  rest, you   *""" "'r excess frei8l,t for nothin8*
1 have overdone it.   Cycle in company
whenever possible, and to as many THE "l"""'"'"*'' ���""' shorl of nun
new places o, interest as von can. **"* w<" ''*" Btature' '"" "'*���* ,''80"-����s
When practice and an improvement ,,, ���<'*'n"""K campaign they are conduct-
health have enabled vou u, ride 20 *"B "'" bri"S """ regiment up to full
miles per day, take advantage of the strengt1' l:,'""'r l"n��*'"
first  favorable   weather   to  go  for  a
j few  days'  tour, entire  change  of air  THERE  is  a   chance  for  a  political
ami ttct-nt.- being greai restoratives. At   ''",'1   Laureate  to write a  sonnel on
sucb  times  the  companionship  of    a  "The Trail of the Plugger."
friend   who   will  suit  himself  to  your! * * *
pace vvill be doubly dear tb you ill VICTORIA day still retains its pop-
mind and body. Walk hills thai you ularity as one of the mosl enjoyable
cannot ride with ease and rest ire- holidays of lhe year. In lhe older
queiltly, doing all you can lo avoid days children of a larger growth
fatigue. Ill short, draw as little as looked forward to -lhe 24th of May.
possible on.your reserve force. In the] the Queen's birthday; if you don't
afternoon do not mount your cycle
until one and a half to two hours after
the midday meal. Exercise interferes
with   digestion.     "Forty   winks"   will
Scene  from  the
'.Uniting  ��*v "I   Mr*-   Matt"���>in>   Robaon,  Her*clf���
Bmpre** Theatre, .linn-  I. -. a
IX regard lo fancy twirling, lhe drum
majors have nothing on the girls
who carry the military canes.
give us a holiday, we'll all run away." i UNDER the recent adjustment of in-
with  gleeful  anticipation.
A SEN'SE of humor brings thousands
..i dollars to Charley Chaplin.
promote it and be generally beneficial.
Afternoon lea is most enjoyable, but
is very bad for the majority of those
cycling for health. Should the roads
be bad or lhe winds contrary, do not
hesitate lo shorten lhe distance, and
never be tempted into thai infatuation of cyclists, Irving bow many
miles you can ride in ai. hour or a
day. Mischief is thus done than can
never be repaired.
* * *
If you suffix front catarrh, or catch
cold in the head easily, put a small
teaspoonful of salt into a glass of
slightly warm water on rising every
morning, and after it has dissolved,
snuff the water through the nose and
let it pour out of the mouth. Finish
by gargling. This clears away mucous germs and the impurities conducive to catching cold. If obliged lo
go out within half an hour reduce tbe
warmth   to  tepid  at  the  finish  of  thc
* * *
Men who follow sedentary occupations of delicate constitutions vvill add
years to their lives if the) ride lo and
from business, or part way there and
back, when il can be done withoutI
grcat exertion. Ride a machine fitted wilh a three speed gear, sa*, ."'4. 68
and 89. Do not give up cycling during lhe winter, bill when the weather
is too bad take some other exercise at
the usual hour. Clubs, not exceeding
4 lbs. each, punch hall, and dumb bells j
2 lbs. each, are excellent. The longer
vou caii swing them without fatigue
the greater the benefit.
Keeping Ihe extremities warm is ,
one of the difficulties of winter riding, Though no amount of extra
clothing will altogether obviate ibis,
it is possible lo mitigate tbe unpleasantness to a very great extent by
some little rational protection to tin
parts affected.
risdiction  the iluiies of  the   Hoard of
[License  Commissioners  are  advisory
BETWEEN   Irish-American  rebels in   rather than  supervisory.
Dublin   ami   German-American   plot- * * *
ters at home. President Wilson is hav
ing a busy time fixing up his political
fences for lhe next election.
Si iMI-'.  of  the  weather
bute   the   phenomenally
auks attri-
weather  this   year   to  the    ontinnous
* * * ,..",,.
cannonading   m   the      European   war
QUEBEC has got the habit of voting  zonc.    Instead of straws, shells show
Liberal, the size of thc majority being
the matter of most interest.
EVERYBODY and everything is
wearing licence tags these days. They
range from dogs to automobiles, peanut pedlars to banks.
* + *
SUMMER appears to have been postponed on account of the weather.
BEFORE the cruel war is over every
day   will  be   "tag   day,"
which way the wind is blowing.
EVEN tbe bens are imbued with the
patriotic spirit. A fowl rumor slates
that ihey arc "doing their bit" by making shells.
* * +
A VIG< >R" IUS protest is being made
against laid in China eggs being allowed to compete with native hen-
fruit. A free and liberty-loving people   refuse   to  submit   to   the' Oriental
Classified Advertising
Seedsmen. Florists. Nurserymen, 48
Hastings St. E., and 782 Granville
Street.  Vancouver,  B.  C.
wanted  to  clean  and  repair  at  the
factory, 438 RICHARDS STREET.
���Jewelry,  rtc.    A  quiet,  respectable,
������eliable   place    ;o   bonow   money.
Old gold bought.   Established 1905.
Star Loan Co., 812 Hastings West.
Stove away.    We handle castings and
repairs  to   fit  any   stove  or   range.���
FRANKS, 44 Water Street.
ir!"     \glc
11    I?*1 '^
thc  throat,  and  then   swallr
drops only.    For many reas^^ riti0
with your mouth shut
* * * k
Two, three, or four times a da\ ride
for a mile or two on a level road, but
do not fatigue yourself, and if you arrive home in a gentle glow, so much
the better, but be sure to go into a
warm room. You will often be obliged to exert considerable will power
to get your legs to carry you to your
cycle for a constitutional ride, when
an inactive liver and its attendant bad
spirits are falsely telling you how
much better off you are in your comfortable easy chair, It is often experienced yet that is the very time when.
as a lady writer truly says, "a good
ride is the best invigorator; bad temper, depressed spirits disappear like
snow before the sun, and you feel at
peace with all mankind. Petty cares
and troubles pass away and you are
thankful to live.
Manager Rostein of (be Vancouver
Opera House, llie "Empress," announces for the opening attraction of
the redecorated and beautified popular and cosy playhouse, the engagement of everybody's favorite. May
Robson, who comes direct to Vancouver after playing at the Moore Theatre. Seattle. Miss Robsou was to
have gone directly East, not knowing
Y.iat Vancouver's playhouse was available, but as soon as she heard that
Mr. Rnstein would have it ready she
altered her booking plans so that she
could come North to reopen this beautiful theatre and meet and greet her
Hritish  Columbia  friends  once  more.
Miss Robson, it may be well taj
state here, is of British birth, her father having been all officer in the army who, upon his return, settled in
Australia, where the comedienne was
born. When a girl she was sent to
Brussels, Paris, and later on London
to finish her education, and there her
observations led her to note the various characters that helped make up
the population of the world's metropolis. Here she saw the slavies and
other odd beings whom she later on
depicted upon the stage, which led
both to her fame and the making of
her company.
Miss Robson was a school mate of
Summer Shirt Comfort For Men
at $1.00
���we've prepared lor this season's selling, ;i line oi
shirts for men thai have no equal here, or elsewhere,
ai this price. They were made to our order ��� to
afford in wearers real Summer shin comfort. They
excel wherein all other shirts fail. They fii perfectly
round the neck���the) possess ample body room���the
bodies are comfortable length ��� thej  are made of
good material, in g i colorings and in all sizes.    If
ynu want some real Summer comfort
shins, try these.    Each 	
$12.50 and $15.00
���they  Are entirely  different   from  the  ordinary  run  of
suits i*ou'll findflfcrked at these prices inasmuch as they
are lMde of remarkably good fabrics in the season's most
wan^J^colonn^sM Ami the styles are up-to-the-minute.
To loTk at them you'd think they were high priced suits.
Suitabl^br best and business wear. Sizes from 34 to 44.
$12.50 and $15.00
m Budson's Bay (Tomponj)
rlEHMSTE.lUMIKi. SlPUfi" COWrllSSIMlt* /
You're   Handicapping   Yourself
Wearing That Old Suit
Get a New One and look better, feel better, work better
$15 $18 $20 $25 $30 $35
Are mighty good in all the essentials that go to
make a
ad suit
They're worth looking at, and trying on --- several thousand
men think they're worth WEARING
WM. DICK, Ltd.
Two Big Money-Back  Stores, full
of good Spring Wearables for Men
33 Hastings East 47 Hastings East
Our Laissez-Faire Democracy
By John T.  McNeill
] Do-nothing  Kings and a  Do-nothing I vvill   comfortably  add   that   you  can'l
j People | iool all the  people all  the  time.     But
���    The   "Do-nothing,   Kings"   of    the  the adventurer never aspires to fdol
[Pranks   have   been   treated   with   con-   lliein  all.     ll   serves  his   full   purpose
I tempt by historians. They shirked the   ii Ile can  fool  the  majority.     We can
cares   of   government,   and   these   de    never bring to bear upon  public men
I volved upon the,more ambitious May- the  healthy   pressure  bf   :m   rfrorised
ors  of  the   Palace,  who.   having  as- public .sentiment,/until that seiitinuiu
sinned  the  powers,  iu  due  course  as-   is aroused ill the majority.    And this
j sinned also ihc name of royally.    Do-   is an end not to be arrived at by any
I nothings,  in  the  nature  of the  case,  cheap and ready, process.    It can bi
I must give place to doe
Nowadays arrived  at  only  by  stirring  up  new
I we like to think  that  we no longer and  hitherto  urfpopiilarized    concep-
depend  on  kings.    We  enjoy  the  be- J tlOllS of the privileges of free govern-
lief  that   the  people  govern   the   pen-1 ment.     A   few   of   us   possess   these
pie;   and   this   we   say   is   democracy, i conceptions now, but we are not get-
I Hut the machinery of democracy, like  ting much benefit therefrom, because
I that of monarchy, in the case cited, we are few.   Who will assert that deputy not indicate tlu   presence of the ' mocracy has ever yet been really un-j Cerent   from   playing  a
I thing  itself.    We   have  become  andlderstood by the mass of the people,
I are  hugely  content  to remain  a   Do-[lhat   it   has  ever  been  educated   into
I nothing People.    Purposeless, passive! common life*?    liven the stirring language ill which it has sometimes been
expressed may bear  the  most  sordid
interpretation in some minds.    Many
and many a man still confuses liberty
with license, fancies that equality ex-
:: The Salmonbelly Spirit   ::
Reminiscences of old College Days in the Royal City and the famous
"Salmonbellies," Champion Lacrosse Players
By   Michael   J.   Svenceski
and inert, we allow the powers of
government to fall into the hands of
self-seekers, Wc shirk our public
duties and waive our constitutional
prerogatives,   till   these   are   assumed
by individuals whose interests are notjcnipts from service, and thinks of fra-
the people's, hew except those who! tcrnity as the solidarity only of his
have a private cause to plead, vvill de-1 small group, his family, his club, his
ny that we are badly governed in .'clique, his village or his city ward���
Canada,    ll  is patent to all  that ou'rjnot with the faintest consciousness of
(.Continued from hist week I
However, 1 had some trouble in
finding my former friends. For eight
long years had made a diffe-cuce even
in such a calm and collected town like
New Westminster. At the Methodist
College the faces were strange to me
and the girls 1 used to know were now
j 'fried and had astouishiiig'y large
It" was much the same at St. Ann's
Academy where the coquettes of yesterday had been transformed into
black-hooded nuns of today. And at
the boys' college on Blackwood Stieet
even the 'old padres who used to sit
and smoke their huge Dutch pipes
and play chess on the back balconies
by tlie hour, were now, no more. And
old bragging Brother Flynn who
once awed us with his tales of adventure in the American Civil War, and
thc marks of the wounds on his body.
yeas dead and gone these many years.
Bitt Billy. Xo, not William or
Bill, but greybearded, witty Billy,
with bis twitching, blinking eyes, his
faded cap. his pallid face and ragged
clothes, and his lips pursed in a
crooning, melodious whistle, was still
in the checker room of the library,
lie was still hunched over a table exactly as I had left him eight years ago.
And he was as of old pounding two
checkers together to keep time to bis
crazy, whistle. Cynical as ever, Billy
was still adverse lo all opinion, still
quoting and misquoting half humorous epigrams, and as ever, vehemently
denouncing tlje government. Half engrossed in the game of checkers, I
could have sworn be hadn't moved
front his. position in eight years.
Good old Billy, who never agreed
with any one. or even allowed anybody to agree with him. Curiosity as
P.  whether he has been there really
f       SUMMER
Tickets on sale daily,
Tune 1 to September
30, 1916.
Return     limit ���  three.
months, not to exceed
October 31..
For full
particulars apply
to any
C. P. R.
all the time since 1 had seen him last
prompted me to ask the question as
to whether he had moved at all.
"Yes, I've moved," he replied, and
then deliberately miscontsruiiig my
meaning, went on, "but it's his move
next." lie indicated his opponent in
the checker game. I playfully punched
Billy in the ribs where it tickled him
"Don't trifle with me, Hilly," I said.
"I'm a big man now���but, honestly,
why don't you move around sometimes? Go out and get some fresh air
once in a while and erase that pale
look from your face. Why sit here
alone���and that reminds me. "Where
is everybody this afternoon?" I had
just noticed that the room usually
well filled on a spring afternoon, was
practically deserted.
"Lacrosse game at Queen's Park,"
Hilly answered, moving a man on the
board with a half bored air.
"Yes.    That's so.   This is Saturday
afternoon,"  and   I   smiled  as   1   went
on, "and so, they still go to lacrosse |
matches on Saturday afternoons here,
just as they did years ago?"
"Ugb-huh." Billy stopped long
enough in his whistle to add, '"Tis a
great game," and he glared at'me as il"
1 were going to contradict his assertion.
"Why aren't you up there, Billy."
I questioned reprovingly.
"For the same reason that tile Romans embraced Christianity." he replied in a parable.
"And what was that?" I drew him
"They got tired r.f the eternal
slaughtering of 'em." He waved his
hands emphatically.
"And so you got tired of seeing
tile Salmonbellies continually slaughtering their opponents "  I  began.
"Yep," he broke in. "Both in body
and tally," and lie gave a man and
took three men from his opponent.
"Well, well," I smiled, "so they are
Still the same old crowd of redsbirts
after red blood."
"No. Not the same crowd that you
knew here eight years ago. Not exactly, but. of course, they have the
same Salmonbelly spirit, for the sins
of the father are thrust unto the sc-
| cond generation," misquoted Hilly as
he gave another pawn and took two
more men from his checker opponent.
"It's the second generation, then,
that's playing now, is it? But then
admitting that the youngsters can
slaughter as well as their daddies,
surely they are not the equal in lacrosse- science to that band of red-
shirtcd men I knew here eight years
"Surely young Feeucy that used to
run  like a deer and r>et 'laid out' so
often is still playing on "
"Married and lived happy ever after." Billy broke in.
"Well, well.    And  Lynch  is  surely
shooting goals  for������ "
"Retired years ago," interrupted
friend Billy.
'"But they couldn't have dispensed
with a druggist like Ryall. That good
old Salmonbelly with his wonderful
stickhandling, and say. remember that
shiny bald hea"d ���"
"Occupies a prominent seat in the
grandstand," he butted into my re
institutions of government are prostituted by graft and patronage and the
sleight-of-hand play of politicians,
wdio look upon the tasks of state not
as a fraternal service, hut as an orgy
of plunder.   That is possible only be-
a community nation-wide. Empire-
wide or world-wide. If the management of the country's affairs is to be
wrested from the Adventurers and
entrusted to the Patriots, the politically inert because politically uiienlight-
(Photo by Goweh.   Copyright applied I'or
tVe are able by lhe courtesy of Mr. Clowen lo give this charming photo of
the Pavilion at Stanley Park. On Victoria day there were thousand.1! of visitors.
At night "The Vagabond Club" met In'tlie upper room. The Rebellion Veterans
will meet there on June 2nd. This charming pleasure resort Is haying well-
deserved patronage.
we   are
Do-nothing   people,  ciied   body   of   the   people   must   be
They are the doers, and they do us.
We never get the stable locked till after the horse is 'Stolen, however we
may then lament the theft-our own negligence has encouraged. Time after
time, with wearisome monotony we
allow ourselves to be duped. But tllis
laissez-faire democracy of ours is
wearing itscll out, as did the succession of the riiis faineants. It must
give place to a more purposeful democracy, unless il is to give place
to the monstrosity of 1'rus��iauism.
It is too trivial and farcical a system
for these earnest limes. We. the people, are playing but a clown's part in
it, when we ought to bc the hero Of
a higher drama.
Government by Adventurers and
Covernment by Patriots
So long as we remain a Do-nothing
People, we shall have government by
adventurers instead of government by
patriots. Indeed the popular indifference tempts public men to play the
role of adventurers and exploiters.
They find the people undiscerning of
the real issues, ttnappreciative of patriotic service, ready to be herded and
bullied, cajoled and dofrauded.
And why shoulc-Jpaesar be
rapt then?
stirred by new knowledge and new
ideals. Then we will be able to rise
up and say to the undesirable politicians, Sir Adventurer, avaunt! ��� Your
day is done. You cannot cajole us
and you cannot bribe us and you cannot defraud us as in the days of your
prosperity. You arc a Rack Number.
You are a Grand Old Ruin, moss-
grown and harmless reminder of bygone feuds and forays. Vou are as
antiquated and as obselete as a Roman galley. Get thee to a museum!
Government by Incapables and Government by Experts
Many of tllc weaknesses of our public administration arise not from any
Machiavellian villainy, but rather
from the sheer unfitness and incapacity of those on whom offices are bestowed. This applies not only to the
hangers-on, who obtain appointments
through patronage, but in too many
cases to those elected at the po|ls
What degree of mere knowledge of
the principles and methods of government do we demand of candidates?
Let any man, though he be quite untrained and uncertified, offer himself
for a political career, and we freeV
allow him to take his chances .rfit'r
others of his class to assume t.'.e dir-
fortable appendix, Br a "practical"
lumber-jack to write leading editoii-
als. Who would wish to go a-voyag-
ing in a ship commanded by Ji���--���
willard or Hilly Sunday or Bernard
Shaw, each of whom is a practical
enough man in his way. Vet we are
asked to entrust the ship of stale to
llie most '(unfit navigators on ihe
claim that they have won success in
some landlubber occupation. It takes
five years of special training to lua'ic
a physician, something more to make
a minister of religion; but any old -on
of preparation or none al all will sin,
for a minister of state. A promoter,
a merchant, a manufacturer, a butcher, a bootblack will do for a legislator, for is he not a "practical" man?
"Rich man, pour man, beggar -man,
thief; doctor, lawyer. Iiidityi-rhiri,"
to quote a childish jangle���it matters
not what his occupation may be.
though it be as different front public
leadership as shingling a barn is dil-
This is the glory of our democracy.
It knows no distinctions' for nitre
worth and fitness! A man's a man for
a' that, and therefore ought to be elected'though be be as helpless in government as a pig on ice1 Recently
(to indicate but one familiar instance
which is so typical that :t?*\ stem iu
the least surprised at it I a gentleman
was appointed to the responsible posi
of Minister of Education in this Province ol" whom "Who's Who in Western Canada" gives the following information: ,
"Member of the firm of general merchants; educated in public
schools and high school and com
inercial college. Studied law. bin
never practiced. In business in
Winnipeg: came to British Columbia. ��� Member of present firm since
The honorable gentleman may be
a highly reputable merchant. But
what is there to indicate that he is
a suitable person to be a Minister of
Education? To say the least, it does
not make us over-con)'.dent of .ihe
success of modern democracy, to find
a great province like this at a peculiarly decisive hour in its educational
listifry, presented with a Minister bi
Education who is recommended as a
member of the firm of So-atld-So,
'vneral merchants up the country,
���:nd for whom no c.aim is made lhal
lie is in touch uiili prcsen'. d;y edll-
cctional movc>-.-=nts. or even himself
a well .educated plan. The politicians
\ho insult U5 will- such an appointment must indeed fee! assured that
".e are a Do-notltini? people! Mow
long are we gn:c to justify tii.it assurance? Who*, shall we discharge
lie   incapables   and   employ   the   cx-
tbr   ideals
^^^^^^^^^^^  'mocracy   is   sure   to
create  an   irresistible  demand   for  a
'superior  class  of public leaders;  anil
il is the only way in which tllis heal-
jlhy demand can be created.
It is not enough', however, to create
a  demand   for   leaders  of  merit;     tin-
slaie must also help to supply the demand.    This,  too,  will he .-.n  educational   process.     How  can   we   secure
patriots  and  experts   for   public   affairs?     Often   we   bear   ii   remarked
that gooil men keep out of politics because politics have a bad name! Think
of it!    Tbis exalted calling of national
leadership  has a  bail  name!     But are
these gooil men  too gooil to do good
���too (rood to help their fellows am|
j to save their country?   Do these "an-
jgcls* fear to tread" wdiere the unscrupulous and unlit rush boldly in?    The
hearts   of   the   people   are   even   now
crying out for men of character to lie
their leaders.    Why are there so few
volunteers?     Perhaps the answer lies
lin   lhe   fact   tliat   hitherto   tliere   has
I been   no  special     provision     for     llie
j training  of  men   for offices  of  state.
The   best   are  always   the   most   con-
I scions   of   their   defects.     And   while
they, are  regretting their lack of opportunity to train themselves for such
service,   men  who are  looking  for  a
salary   rather   than   tot   a   service   insinuate  themselves  into  power. . Hut
ijtist  as  the  universities  secure  a  succession  ol" learned men  from genera-
I tion   to   generation,   to  continue   the
| tradition and raise if possible the standard   of   learning,   so   the   slate  must
look to its interests and secure to future generations expert leadership in
public affairs.
("nv eminent by patriots and government by experts! Are these, think
you. but scattered phrases from some
foolish. Utopian dream? Not so. They
are desiderata to bc steadfastly sought
till obtained. To obtain them is an
urgent necessity, if wc arc to save
ourselves from being absorbed by
more virile and progressive nations.
They will only come through our devoted effort to bring them. And in
that effort, if indeed we make it, we
shall pass out of this shameful stage
of laissez-faire, and realize a noble
and purposeful democracy.
By The Way
perts   to   fill
kian!  I  k-ftow he would. n��t1*��tio" of tlle  state'    His  s,f'ccess or
mans are
not Ronl
H   democracy.
! I _
deSjuyid of those
(Continued next week)
IJiWTiTat h
Hi sheep
Ile^vere no lior
There is no sh'
ation   of   this   ab
Suppose we were
we vote for some adequate proof of
patriotism, instead of being led by
"inducements" and the rhetoric' of
pre-election speeches: suppose we
were to make them feel that we are
heartily with them in all patriotic
conduct and mercilessly against them
in all selfish conduct of their offices,
would we not succeed thereby in
purifying politics? Behold the power
j is in the hands of the people' to deliver  themselves!     And  the  optimist
ment? Do you suppose, gentle reader,
that your grcat grandchildren will rejoice in the same laissez-faire system? Or do you discern In the occasional surprises of the elections, in
which party managers are confounded,
indications of the rise of a new and
hitherto unrecognized party, a party
of decency and enlightenment and efficiency? Arc we Hearing the time
when wc can sacrifice our prejudices
to our needs, and shake off old parly
associations, trie chains that have
been laid upon us while we slumbered? Let us for but a little while show
ourselves a purposeful people, and
the crew of parasites and scrub politicians will scatter like insects surprised by the light.
Education the Handmaid of
But wc must guard against an unwise confidence that this consummation devoutly In be wished will conic
easily or soon. Nothing permaiieii'.
comes easily or soon i" a democracy.
You can't reform a nation of drunkenness by a ukase unless you happen
to be a Czar. Willi us evils can be
elimiiiat/r I milv bv slow, educational
.   An autocracy may manage
���ducating  the  masses,  a  dc-
of tl
failure to obtain votes will depend on
other things than his fitness. This
is entirely out of keeping with onr increasing carefulness in private and
business affairs. We are more and
more exacting in the way in which
we demand evidence of fitness in
those whom we engage to work lor us.
We do not employ a servant without
satisfactory recommendation. But we
commission men to govern us who,
for aught we know/are as ignorant of
the duties and ideals of government
as a Yaqui. Their henchmen are accustomed to tell us before elections
that the distinguished candidate.is a
practical man. "Practical!",Well, but
in Heaven's name, what does he, practice? We do not employ a "practical"  plumber  to  remove  an  uricom-
fttl nreans ��' education, it can hardly
he t'Uthfully stated tllat as a people
wc believe in education. We do not
believe! in education, for instance, as
Germany believes in it. However it
may be perverted, education is no', neglected in Germany. The German
schools have given power to German
swords in this war by incalcating in
the minds of German soldiers in their
school days the theory of the, divine
right of Wilhelm. Our schools teach
many things admirably. But it is
doubtful if they ever help us much to
gain a knowledge or appreciation of
our state privileges, and duties. One
necessary condition for annihilating
the parasite race of political adventurers and incapables, is that the rising generation, all members of it.
shoiild have their desire for good government quickened and trained in
their school days. This process of education, this nurture of the young in
WHEN the Socialists read Parker
Williams out of the party it was their
loss and his gain. In the "Great Divide." brains count for more than
soap boxes.
4   +   *
DURING the dairy wagon drivers'
strike astronomical observers reported a partial eclipse of the Milky Way.
"Never Touched by Human Hands"
The continued demand for Sou-Van
Milk from all parts of the city Has
made it absolutely necessary for us
lo increase our delivery district once
The new boundaries now include the
entire district between the south side
of False Creek right to the Fraser
River and from Bridge Street clear
lo Collingwood.
Householders in this locality who
want a really reliable milk���a rich,
wholesome milk delivered clean and
fresh���should call up FAIR. 2624 and
leave instructions for our driver to
call with a trial bottle.
Vim will like Sou-Van Milk I'ar better than any other milk you've used
in Vancouver. It is scientifically handled���perfectly pasteurized, clarified,
cooled, bottled and securely capped���
sent to your home in sterilized bottles.
Thick,   rich   and   delicious,   delivered
daily, 10c. half pint.
South Vancouver
Milk Co.
Scientific Dairymen
Phone Seymour 3406
An English Chap that makes a
hit  like   Charlie   Chaplin
Three times daily, 2.45, 7.15, 9.15
Matinee, 15c; Night, 15c ft 25c


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