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The Standard Aug 5, 1916

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'Here shall the Press the people's rights maintain,
Unawed by interest and un-
bribed by gain."
King an& (Country
Vol. V, No. 14���Established 1911
VANCOUVER.   B.C..   SATURDAY,   AUGUST   5.   1916
Price Five Cents
The Welch Leek Decorates
Last Conservative Convention
The Plugging Conspiracy against the School Board Investigation and Vancouver
Patronage Committee
COMMENT on the Conservative convention in Vancouver has been most instructive, It lias chiefly been
one of comparison. "Behold our chaste"���and chas-
tencd���"premier who threw all his influence into the scale
for a new convention in order to give those Conservatives
who criticised his policies an opportunity to choose new
representatives. Have the wicked, vote-stealing Liberals
done the same? Nay'. They fear such a convention. The
machine has selected the men to run and those men must;
run whether the Liberal party as a whole wants [hem or
not?" That summarises the comment of the partisan. He
cannot rid himself of his prejudices, lie reads into a convention which was necessary, a sermon which has no re-
latioii at all to facts, and ascribe.-, I i self-righteousness an
attitude which was entirely due to the pressure oi circumstances. The Conservative convention was necessary in
order to advertise the premier as the unanimously chosen
leader, and also gel rid of one whose actions as head of
the Conservative patronage committee in Vancouver, and
purchaser of supplies on the school board, had put the
nobse round the neck of the Conservative party. It was
absolutely necessary to eliminate .Mr. Welch and send him
off to England to lake up some other collection than thai
of patronage. It was simplest to put in his place the Honorable Dentist McGuire, whose previous retirement had
been an error in bridge work. Before the school hoard
inquiry, the Conservatives probably had determined to drop
Mr. Thomas Duke, whose relations to the Traders' Trust
concern had been so keenly criticised by Judge Grant.
But, finally, it was considered that by throwing Welch
���overboard, it might be possible to get the grape juice representative into port.
Exactly why the Liberals should hold another convention because the Conservatives had to do so, is not clear.
Both the WORLD and the NEWS-ADVERTISER stated
that it was necessary to the Liberals' salvation to hold another convention. Apparently neither of these two organs
of public opinion are satisfied with the present Liberal
candidates. They do not appear to realise that their dissatisfaction is understood by the man in the street to signify fear. Presumably they desire to throw apples of discord among the Liberals. That is the only opportunity
they have of counteracting the effect of the revelations of
the activities of the Conservative patronage committee,
under the aegis of Mr, Welch. They refer continually to
the plugging conspiracy as a reason for another convention. They ignore all the evidence in that conspiracy which
implicated the Conservative patronage committee through
Mr. Sullivan, just as much as it implicated Mr. Macdonald.
'They have, in fact, fallen hack on thc plugging conspiracy
as their last line of defence. If the Liberals can persuade
J. T. Scott to return it is probable that tlie truth, if he
ever tells it, will disappoint a great many people. Probably
tllat gentleman desires a price for his "sensational" disclosures. The Conservatives do not seem ready to pay
that price, and the Liberals have not got the money in any
These articles have already dealt fully w ith the plugging
conspiracy, but it might be as well to repeat certain points
which are utterly ignored by the partisan press. If one
thing was proven at the inquiry, it was that Mr. Macdonald
had no ready money with which to pay his workers. The
fact that he paid some small sums out to certain people
���who appear to have been mixed up witli the plugging conspiracy was made much of, but that this fact proved he
had not much money was ignored. The Liberals have
shown themselves quite ready to investigate the whole
conspiracy, and in this connection it is advisable to distinguish between the Liberal party as led by Mr. Brewster,
and the remnants of the old guard which is still trying to
control the destinies of the Liberal party, just as the old
guard Conservatives are in control of the destinies of that
party. That guard is in control of patronage, and has
ruined the party and disgusted the sincere Conservative.
If tin- Conservative politicians ��� it is necessary also
to distinguish between the politicians and the party
��� had been wise, they would have discarded the
old guard, just as the Liberals hate been trying
to do for a considerable period. There is no need to
enter into personalities. The old guard of the Conservatives is, unfortunately, the nucleus of the party. It is the
patronage committee. Just as the old guard of tlie Liberal
party revolved round the patronage committee, so does
the old guard 'Conservative revolve round the patronage
committee of the party. Patronage killed the old Liberal
party and patronage, unless present indications are entirely
-wrong, will kill the provincial Conservative party at the
coining elections.
But there are certain interests which, owing to the nature of their business and the doubtfulness of the result of
thc elections, naturally desire to stand in the good
graces of both parties. These interests would contribute to
the campaign fund of both parties. But whereas there is
only one receptacle for campaign contributions in the Conservative party, namely, the patronage committee, in the
Liberal, party there are two. The "hi guard among the
Liberals is, unfortunately, the only source of large funds,
outside those which can be raised by ordinary individual
contributions. The office of J ihn T. Scott represented
the old guard, the office of the Vancouver Liberal Association, the new real Liberal party. Both worked for
the election of Mr. Macdonald. But the office under Scott
handled sums of money of which Mr. Anderson and others
of the rank and file knew absolutely nothing. It is doubtful if Scott himself knows for certain where the money
originally came from. He knows who he got it from, and
the instructions he probably received with it.   But whether
the whole sums contributed svent through that iffice, or
whether part of them were used for other purposes in
connection with tin campaign, i.- most probably unknown
to Scotl himself. Mr. Macdonald has convinced everyone
who knows him personally that In- had nothing whatever,
to do with the "conspiracy."
Probably if Scott were to return In- night tell the true
history of the plugging conspiracy in tllis wise. There
were about 1MI names of voters on tin- li-t wlm had crossed
over to the American side, and were dwelling iu Seattle,
Bellingham ami other places along the Sound, Scott determined to try an-! locate those men. am! was given some
$400 which was raised from various sources i ir ihc very
legitimate purpose of bringing these voters up on election
day. Hut alter the money was raised, Scot! may have been
unable to locate the men. It was then he either remembered, or was told that a certain Monti- White���whom
possibly lie had known before���would In: able to locate
the men and see that they were here on election day.
X',w Monty White is apparently a professor of the electioneering game, and may have scented not only the $400
in Scott's hands but also a little work which might be
well paid for by other parties. So possibly he approached
his friend, John L. Sullivan, in Vancouver, with a scheme
to make more than $400 out of the game. Alter all, it
would not be necessary to prove that each man brought
up here was a legitimate voter, as the list of the 100 in
Scott's hands could bc passed as correct. If Scott could
be persuaded to leave everything to Monty White, that
gentleman would see that the men were here. This would
account accurately for the evidence given at tlie investigation and also for the manner in which Mr. Macdonald was
tricked like everyone else.
But what happened after is not so clear. Did Monty
White, scenting money on both sides, approach his friend,
Sullivan, as has been said. Did Sullivan go to his friends on
the Conservative patronage committee? He certainly appears to have done so. Here was a grcat opportunity. Monty White could lie recompensed for bringing up the men,
and they could bc traced and all the evidence necessary
to convict the Liberals of plugging gathered as it was given. It was proved at the investigation that the Conservatives knew all about the plugging, and tliat members of
the patronage committee such as ex-Alderman Hoskins
went down to see that they arrived alright. The police
could not act, as they evidently suspected a political trap,
saying as much when they stated they took no notice of
any information  coming from  the  Sullivan source.    Was
Mont)   U bite expected by  Scott to bring u;   legitimate
voters.and expected by Sullivan and his friends to liriny
up pluggers?    The pluggers themselves were  told they
[oing to i otc for the "we( te as an addl
ement i" 'in- fee of $10 for which they were
lupposed t" work. Whether Scotl would tell such a story
or mil i- the purest surmise, bul thai story fits in with all
tin idence, and what is more, accounts ior the willingness of the Liberals to bring back Scott and the reason
- e premier refused to withdraw the warrant for
Scott's arrest. The premier did not know anything about
the source of the money which paid for the pluggers, but,
on the evidence given by Mr, Webb and others, he was
told about the pluggers. In what form was the story ��� Id
him? Was In- told the truth, or was he, like everyone else,
simply in the hands of a professional political expert like
Mont) White. That the Conservatives paid for the expenses of Mr. Sullivan is known. But h iw much went to
Monty White?
As has been said before in these columns, it would not
bc at all surprising to find both Conservatives and Liberals were, unwittingly, more or less mixed up in the plugging conspiracy. Thai is, possibly, the only "sensational"
disclosure Mr. John T. Scott could mak,-. The NEWS-
ADVERTISER has almost daily, driblets about the plugging conspiracy, bin it carefully ignores the school board
investigation, Mr. F. C. Wade in the SUN issued an un-
usual challenge t i Mr. Bowser to go down to Seattle with
him and bring Scott back, if Mr. Bowser would promise
to withdraw the warrant issued for that canny person.
At a recent Liberal executive meeting, hot words were
exchanged on the subject, the majority of the official Liberals insisting oil Scott's return, while, curiously enough,
Mr. Wade appeared to oppose it. In any case, Mr. Bowser as attorney-general, has refused to give Scott immunity, and it looks to the ordinary man as if the Conservative machine was not over-anxious to have Scott back.
luspected facts against Mr. Macdonald, the plunging con-
spiracy ma) be written off the Liberal liabilities, The
public is not al al! convinced that Mr. Macdonald lias any
knowledge of the affair h is no use i indulge in semi-
maudlin reflections day after day on cxactl* the ,aint
lines against Mr. Macdonald, in the hop, that some mud
will realty -tick. Any student of psychology ran perceive
that the public is nol caught by thi* sort ol thing. It may
appeal to the prejudices of a few bide bound partisans, but
those who carefully studied the evidence were loom convinced that most of it was extremely unreliable and were
disgusted that the expenses of such witnesses were paid,
presumably out of the public fnnds. Moreover, the school
board inquiry with its revelations of discounts to tbe Conservative party and its patronage to Conservative members, countered the plugging conspiracy absolutely. The
barefaced manner iu which Messrs. Welch and Leek were
shown to have acted in connection with the purchase ol
supplies, was sufficient. Premier Bowser's utter want of
tact���to say the least of it���in packing off Mr. Welch to
England to "look after" the soldiers' votes disgusted many
of his most ardent supporters, They threw up their hands
at that and "quit cold." They may not vote Liberal, but
they will certainly not vote Conservative.
The Conservatives  have  made a  gr
convention.   Their ticket  ,\a- referred
party for ratification, amendment  or
thoroughly  democratic   process"  they
him- placed tlx-ir candidate
they represent   the current
j the party membership."    li  thi
the party, how was it that befor
desperate  efforts  were made  to
���al   todo  about  tile
"back to the whole
rejection.     By   this
are   supposed   "to
The truth of the matter as far as the elections are concerned, is this. The Conservative party appears to consider it lias a chance to pull Mr. Bowser and the patronage
committee he controls to victory if it can only fix the
blame for the plugging conspiracy on Mr. Macdonald.
The Liberal party is anxious to get at the truth of the
affair, no matter whom it implicates, so as to eliminate
any guilty person from all connection with the party. For
that reason, by an almost unanimous decision, it read Mr.
Eyre. Scott's counsel, out of the party. Mr. Alex. Henderson and Mr. Wade hotly opposed this���but neither of them I ma-v be doubted. Orangemen bel
are candidates and their influence on the destinies of the
a  position  to know that
1  considered judgment  oi
ticket  really  represents
the convention was held
  tbtain  other men  I  fill
some of iln- places? If, for instance, Dr. Procter could
have been prevailed upon to run. would the convention
have endorsed its present ticket? The fact is that the Conservative party as a while is anxious to sec whether Premier Bowser can carry liis "ticket" to victory. Very few
of the party really believe he can. But they prefer to see
this ticket defeated and the "old guard" put out of business, to risking any chances in the future. If I'rcmier
Ilowser is defeated the "ticket" will go down to oblivion.
It is probable that Messrs. Tisdall and McGowan will survive. Mr. McGowan is popular and straightforward, and
Mr. Tisdall is honest. But beyond these two. is there any
I chance of the citizens of Vancouver electing any of the
others? It is possible that what is known as the Orange
vote will follow Messrs.  Bowser and  Duke, but even this
ng to both parties, and
although Mr. Duke, is a leading member of that body, it
party is nil. They belong with some others, just as Mr. wou-d Probably be a mistake to imagine that the Orange-
Bowser and his patronage committee belong, to the old | '"en as a body will solemnly vote for him, or anyone else
time political parties. The difference being that Mr. Bow-! f"r that matter. They have their opinions outside their
ser has control of his party, while Mr. Wade and his cot- ' oriU'r- The Conservative machine, however, is undouhted-
erie have lost control of the Liberals. The contest today -J' depending on the Orange vote to keep it going,
is really between an old time party which believes in old THE PREMIER AND THE EX-DENTIST
time methods and a new party calling itself Liberal, but T,R. ,,,,��� w , Bowser, the Hon, Dr. McGuire. Messrs.
backed by nearly every independent. '(Thomas  Duke and Waller  Leek, are the  nominees of the
llvention, outside  Messrs.  Tisdall and  McGowan.
What is really required i
 Io clear away D id wood, and
John Scott���if he returns���reveals some entirely uii-
Of the premier, the Hon, W, .1. Bowser, it is hardly necessary   lo   speak.     He   lias   appealed   to   the   Vancouver
[electorate to endorse his  political morality,    lie said to
i the electors at one of the up-country meetings that it was
for'Vancouver to judge of his connection with the firm of
Messrs. Ilowser. Reid and Wallbridge, and the precedents
which he quoted as allowing such a connection.    But aside
| from tliis. Mr.  Bowser is not popular.    He is considered
i a good fighter���that is all.   As has been said several times
j in these columns, liis defeat means the breaking up of pat-
I ronagc which has been exercised grossly, as'is evidenced
I not only by the school hoard inquiry, but by the Sewerage
Board and many other things.
Of Dr. McGuire. tlie iniquitous,- so-called prohibition
I ill is sufficient advertisement. That biil alone should
settle Dr. McGuire. He used to have a name for independence, Tint failing the senate, he has returned to active
political life as the prohibition representative. Mr. Bowser undoubtedly believes thc whole prohibition vote will be
behind Dr. McGuire. it is extremel) doubtful, Those
people who contributed so much a month to the :ampaigi
feel they have been swindled. When they discovered this
same ex-dentist drawing a salary of S300 a month as
"organiser," they made such a row that he gave up his
job and Mr. Bowser promptly gave him the Ministry of
Education. A more pusillanimous distribution of patronage iias never been witnessed. Dr. McGuire may lie relied
upon to follow his leader.
Finally, consider Messrs. Puke and Leek. Mr. Duke is
a member of the Conservative patronagi mmittee. It
is .piiii- surprising that thc Conservatice convention did
not select either Messrs. Woodside or Hoskin, two 'ther
members of that notorious camarilla, to take the plact so
suddenly vacated by Mr. Welch. Mr. Duke was also president of the Traders Trust Company, which persuaded a
lady to invest a thousand dollars or so in a mortgage, and
instead of making such an investment, applied the money
ther purpose.   The directors of the company had
to some
llritisii Culiinihln c.\pcct�� every honest  cltir.cn  io come   to  her  aid   between  now ami   September  14,   in   the
liuliv to kill  tlie liliin! mounter of political patronage, in  ivIionc slime  Im cU-trloped
graft, bribery, thofi and   fraud.
to repay the money and Judge Grant's stinging reference
to Mr. Duke should exclude him from any publicity for
years to come. But no���Mr. Duke lias the "nerv:" to ask
the electorate to put him in another position of trust, presumably for his excellent work on the patronage committee. Is he so sure of the Orange vote that he can ignore
public opinion?
Then behold Mr. Leek, the hot water engineer or plumber, whose position as a member of tlie license board is
presumably as valuable to him as his position as a contractor to the school board. Really it is an insult to the intelligence of the people of Vancouver to set such men as
these before the electorate and request its support. What
was it Mr. Leek's firm charged the school board? "Two
valves, 6c: Cartage, $1.25; Total, Sl.31: 10 per cent, commission. 13c; Total, $1.42," or something of that sort. And
these arc thc men who "represent the current and considered judgment of the party membership!"
Perhaps further comment is tiresome, but it is as well
that the electorate should thoroughly understand the position. The Conservatives are fighting thisbattle on the old
lines of patronage and trying to attract the vote of vari- TWO
Shr Slanuarb
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To all points In Canada. United Kingdom, Newfoundland,
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The Standard  will  be delivered  to any   address  In  Vancouver or vicinity at ten cents a month.
Member of the Canadian Press Association.
The Standard, with which is incorporated the Saturday
Chinook, circulates In Vancouver and the cities, towns, villages and settlements throughout British Columbia. In
putties the paper ia Independent Liberal.
Publishers The Standard Printers
ous societies which are believed to have much political influence, There is a nebulous intangible feeling that all
Orangemen vote for Orangemen at an election, whoever
they may be. In the same way, every temperance reformer
is supposed to vote for a man who has taken an active part
in any temperance campaign. That explains the selection
of such men as the Hon. Dentist McGuire and Mr. Duke
on the Conservative ticket. It also explains why Premier
Bowser is confident he can carry his seat in Vancouver.
Since he and the Dominion member, Mr. Stevens, made
up their differences, the Orange vote is supposed to go
solid for them. Well, it may do; on the other hand, it
may not. Orangemen have tlieir convictions like other
people. They are not guided entirely by the politicians
who make so much capital out of being members of that
body. A little inside group of politicians will join the
Orange lodges and become active members in order to
gain, as they think, a certain political support. But more
than once they have been disappointed in that support. It
does not respond to the crack of the official whip as easily
as it used to do. The business community has been amazed
at the sort of legislation thc Conservatives supinely allowed to pass at thc last session, and some of the Orange
lodges have a good sprinkling of business men among
them. In brief, it is the professional politician who probably will be a sorely disappointed man after September
14. The electorate demand men with some imagination,
and especially men who are not bound to any particular
group, and thus have independence.
It is true that a good many people ask whether the Liberals have any men who know anything of government.
"What experience have the Liberals?" is generally asked.
Well���they may have hardly any governmental experience,
although Mr. Ralph Smith and Mr. Brewster and some
others have plenty of political experience. But we need
common sense, not experience. The government of British
Columbia is not such a terribly difficult task for any man
of ordinary intelligence. It is difficult if every petty prejudice and every group or order has to he considered and
a hid made for its support. But that is exactly what the
electorate want to avoid. What the electorate wants is
men who have little knowledge of politics, but much of
honesty. It is politics, politics, politics which brngs
about patronage, and patronage is the canker which lies
at the root of our troubles. When thc Conservatives, after
"current and considered judgment," as the NEWS-ADVERTISER puts it, choose such a ticket to put before
the electorate of Vancouver, they stamp themselves as
utterly wanting in imagination. The official party clings
to the old shibboleth of political management. This group
or that group must be placated and members placed on the
ticket. It does not matter who those members are, what
their record is, or what abilities they have. Their one recommendation is that they are supposed to "swing" a certain number of votes. Thc Liberal candidates do not represent any particular group of men. They may not be
so well known in official circles as the Conservatives,
but, after all. seeing that thc Conservatives have held the
reins of government for so long, how can any other men
have experience?   Tliat argument would leave the house
This remarkable legislation, brought forth for the purposes of political expediency, places no limit on the amount
of liquor which may he ordered at "lie time, ll makes no
stipulation as to the frequency with which orders may
lie placed. It makes no provision whatever for government knowledge or regulation of thc shipments.
Under such conditions, the reader is asked to judge for
himself whether the "Prohibition Act" does not provide
for all the liiptor thc citizens of British Columbia want
coming into the province, without let or hindrance, regulation or control by the authorities.
Is sucn a condition for the best interests of the pro
vince? Is it wise In throw overboard the license laws
now prevailing in British Columbia, under which ther
has been built up a hotel system of the highest staudard-
to give up the right of strict regulation and control now
exercised in general by the province and in particular by
the local license commissions and to substitute for this
tried plan legislation which allows liquor to come into the
province by importation just as freely as il is now distributed but without government regulation or control to
the slightest degree?
Which is best for British Columbia���the regulation and
control of the liquor traffic by the provincial and municipal
authorities through the existing license system or the policy of unlimited, unrestricted and unregulated importation
of liipior, with absolutely no general or local control, as
is proposed by tlie B. C. "Prohibition Act?"
* * *
In place of the present method of selling liquor under
government license (carrying with it the right of the authorities to regulate and control the business as well as
amend these regulations according to existing conditions),
this act would arrange it so that liquor might be imported
in unlimited quantity, orders being placed as frequently
as the purchaser tlesires, without the least control or regulation by the government���so long as the orders are placed
outside the province. It means, for the sake of illustration,
that it would be legal for a man in Vancouver to place a
standing order with any liquor dealer outside of British
Columbia for a daily, weekly or monthly supply of liquor,
the shipments being made regularly according to the order
just as long as a monthly account for the purchase was
met. Because the Bowser liquor act will not prohibit the
sale and use of liquor in British Columbia. THE STANDARD, representing many sincere prohibitionists, refuses
to advocate support of the measure. While cutting off
the right to sell liquor hy the glass, the act encourages the
system of buying liquor by the bottle and by the barrel.
While making it a crime for a regular hotelman to sell the
stuff over his bar, this act says that any man in almost ally
line of business but the hotel business may slop out booze
Unless it is designed here to provide new business for
express and cartage companies and for the mail order
houses, we do not see why it would not be just as well to
allow the traffic to be carried on under the present system.
* * *
So far as the whole question of prohibition' is concerned,
there is only one remedy and that is the stopping of the
sale and manufacture of liquor. British Columbia had it
in her hands to wipe the traffic out in its entirety, but political expediency only demanded that the people should be
fooled and hence the introduction of the act now before
the people. ��
Everybody knows that until the sale of liquor is absolutely wiped out and its manufacture discontinued, that tig
law will stop drunkenness. Nothing can stop drunkenness hut education.
It was not so long ago that the average statesman, the
majority of prominent men, in England, drank to excess.
Pitt was an outstanding British statesman, lie was a
drunkard, and Fox was a drunkard. To write a list of
England's great men of a hundred years ago would be to
prepare a list of famous drunkards. The same applied
iu thc United States. History tells us that Webster was
a drunkard. We haven't to go far back in Canadian history to find great men who were addicted to the bottle.
Today the drunkard in public life is practically unknown
in England, the United States or Canada. Xo legal pressure has been brought to bear upon thc prosperous drunkard. Indeed the British Columbia "Prohibition Act"
would allow all the prosperous drunkards to keep their
cellars full of wine. The oldtime drunkard was not pestered by policemen, blue laws, political prohibition acts.
lie could get all he wanted to drink whenever he wanted
it. Yet of his own accord the prosperous drunkard lias reformed and became temperate.
Xo man today can be drunkard and be respected-���even
il lie is a member of a prohibition executive. Education,
without an opposition all the time. The fact remains that I experience aud common sense, without the clap-trap of a
as far as Vancouver is concerned, the ticket will probably   Billy Sunday, have done their work, and drunkenness is
It might be just as well if our patriotic independents
would sweeten the war fund with their hundred dollars
and use their oratorical talents and their ability as organizers for some more lofty purpose than that of assisting
to entrench the Bowser interests.
This talk of independence from the political parties is
for the most part just noise and fraud. If the several parties now operating do not offer scope for the activities of
these fiery "independents." it is plain that further "independent" parties would merely add to Confusion.
IT is to be hoped that when Billy Sunday, the sensational
Yankee evangelist reaches the boundary line on his journey to pick up easy money in Vancouver, that the lm
migration authorities will give him tlie sanu- treatment as
accorded that other humbug, dear old I'astor Russell.
Pastor Russell, as is well known, is Ami-British, Anti-
Ally and Anti-Christ. Throughout the States be had been
delivering addresses against the war and against the idea
of national defence. The Dominion authorities bail no
other course than to refuse the man admission to Canada
on the grounds that he was an undesirable.
Billy Sunday has vied with I'astor Russell in the antiwar campaign. He has referred on a dozen platforms to
the great war in terms which were most insulting to British or Canadian ears. In view of this, there seems no
course for the Canadian Government to follow other than
to forbid Sunday admission to Canada, lie may be expected to continue, if allowed to come here, his hysterical
tirade against tbe war and against the cause of recruiting
be split. Predictions are always dangerous, bul Mr. McGowan ami possibly Mr, Tisdall will probably be tlie only
Conservatives representing Vancouver in the local legislature after September 1916,
Till-: entire "Prohibition Act" suggests i, us that it is
the weapon of a man desperate to retain the support
of thc people. The premier's paid henchmen on the
"Prohibition" executive designed the act as we now have
it. and it is thc plan of the Government to use it as a vehicle to carry the administration back to power.
The tenor of this remarkable piece of class legislation
is throughout of a character to arouse the distrust of the
electorate in the premier and his minister of prohibition,
thc Hon. Mr. McGuire, who had a salary of $300 a month
for helping to promote the bill���a salary paid by the good
people of all parties who took an honest interest in the
support of the Prohibition movement and contributed to
its funds.
Some idea of the sincerity of the premier in introducing
this measure may be gathered from the fact that he now
endeavors to play both ends against the middle, to retain
the support of the liquor men on one hand, while on the
other, deceiving the prohibition people into endorsing him.
On the Bowser tour through thc Kootenays, the left
bower of his party was the purist, McGuire, there on every
platiorm to create the proper background that the prohibition people might he pleased; the right bower was Mr.
H. B. Thompson, o{ Victoria, for years one of the powers
behind the throne of the government, and one of the merchants mst heavily interested in the whiskey business in
British Columbia.
now left to self-indulgent fools or to those whose lives are
made dull by poverty or whose hearts have been broken
and pocket books stolen by smooth sharks���to these, uii-
iorunalcly, alcohol affords the only escape from horrible
It would perhaps he worth while for the advocates of
the British Columbia "prohibition" Pleasure to study the
causes  which   have  practically  eliminated    drunkenness
from the most intelligent classes of uii-n.
Education undoubtedly is the greatest factor.
In nearly all tllc public schools rfow, lhe evil effects of
alcohol arc taught, not in a lackadaisical way with sentiment nr religious duty or Billy Sunday as a basis. They
are taught as facts.
Facts appeal to the mind and they persist in iheir effect
in later life when moral suasion and religious appeals are
As a matter of fact, drunkenness, like dirt, is mainly
an accompaniment of poverty and a sad, hopeless life.
For the man or woman given to drinking, when the troubles of life are no longer to bc borne, some relief must bc
had. If we would make the lives of the people of British
Columbia more comfortable, make good food more plentiful, spread education, afford protection to widows and
orphans from the fanged hypocrites who go about with
swindling schemes, secure a good reliable set of policemen
to protect the people and to watch government officers
and politicians of the ilk of the men who have brought in
this "prohibition" measure���if we would do this and spread
education, we would solve many problems and incidentally
create an atmosphere in which Mr. Barleycorn could not
WE observe that in Vancouver and other constituencies a number of independent candidates have
thrown their hats In the ring. Most of these chaps
have no more chance of election than did the independent
who ran last spring against Macdonald. Yet each, man
will put up a hundred dollars of a deposit, which in most
cases is supplied by the machine, and this money will be
forfeit. ���
LAST Saturday the "Makttra" docked at Vancouver and
the "Empress of Asia." Both great trans-Pacific
liners carried a large passenger list.
There were more than 250 first-class passengers on the
"Asia," and as many in the second cabin.
Trains from the East and South and Xorth, and the usual
coast boats drew into Vancouver last Saturday morning.
Thousands of strangers, then, were in the city, the majority of whom had concluded trans-continental or transoceanic journeys.
It is not surprising that one worthy lady at the Vancouver Hotel, who lives in Xew York, said to a reporter,
"My, what a quiet, restful place Vancouver is. None of
that horrid commercialism you see in other cities on this
continent. Xo rushing for cars or rushing away from
itttos in crossing the streets. The stores all closed up and
none of that vulgar effort to make profit!"
One of the greatest errors we ever made was the passing of tint by-law to appease thc counter talent.
We have made our cities jokes in the eyes of the traveling public with our Saturday afternoon closing.    Strangers
from abroad who arrive here on Saturday now pass the
port up as they would a country village.    Wc extend no
courtesy to them whatsoever, refuse them every right and I
privilege which they would enjoy in neighboring cities.   So |
they are glad enough to get on a train and leave us behind
them���unless they he neurotic persons from the big cities!
who. like the Xew York lady, was in love with the peace;
and tranquility of the city.
Vancouver should make every effort to secure all the
trade possible in these strenuous times. It is a patriotic
necessity if nothing else. It behooves us also to he hospitable to the strangers within the gates. If there is outlaw more foolish and short-sighted than thc Saturday afternoon closing statute, it is the blue law which makes it a
crime to buy a postage stamp on the Sabbath.
It is to be hoped that the steamship companies will arrange their schedules so lhat no big vessels will dock at
this port any time between Saturday morning and Monday
morning. Our silly laws will, of course, he repealed when
the people get another chance to vote upon them. In the
meantime, we should pray the shipping interests to be
generous to us and keep tourists and travelers away from
Vancouver on the week-end.
Breezes of Indignation
And Information
IN VIEW ill-' the difficulties legitimate theatrical men
are encountering in meeting overhead expenses and salaries, it doesn't seem fair on the part of the Prohibition:
Movement to stage Billy Sunday in Vancouver.
* * +
BILLY SUNDAY'S LECTURES in Vancouver are not
likely to add one jot or one tittle to either the Red Cross
or the   Patriotic  Funds,
�� �� *
HOWEVER. |F BILLY saves a few of the politicians
who will appear mi the platform with him under the guise
of prohibitionists, his visit will not have been made in vain.
* * ��
WE WOULD BE delighted to see Gibson and McGuire
under the influence of religion.
* * *
THE LAST TIME McGuire was saved was tbe time the
real prohibition people put him on their payroll at $.VI0.0O
a month.
�� * *
IN VICTORIA. MR. BOWSER'S candidates are a gloomy
The   Dead   One    Dillworth
Undertaker  Hayward
Liveryman     Tate
Tombstone Maker    Stewart
* * #
ALL THAT IS required to make the Victoria ticket into
a political funeral is a slow dirge which will likely he
supplied when the time comes from that squeaky old
organ, the COLONIST.
* + *
OXE 'OE THE curious characters of British Columbia
resides at Port Alberni, Vancouver Island. Among other
articles, the Curious Character handles spectacles. An
oldtimer called the other day and complained of failing
"I know what's wrong with you," said the Curious Character; "you're spectacles are too young for you. You
should have a pair ten years older."
"How d'yoit know?" asked the oldtimer.
"Know?" said the Curious Character, "dammit, it's my
business to know. I'm an octupus and oughta know if
anyone knows when it comes to sizin' up a man's eyes."
* * 4
HONEST JOHN OLIVER and Billy Sloan are touring
Vancouver Island. A combination, for electioneering purposes, without equal on the .North American continent.
* * *
"WILLIAM SLOAN AND myself addressed good meetings at Wellington on Monday night and here last night.
The meeting here was a crackerjack. There was a large
number of Conservatives present, and just enough interruptions to make things interesting," writes Mr. Oliver
in a letter to THE STANDARD.
* tf *
IT IS SAID that John and Hilly sleep together while
campaigning. Sometimes the Delta veteran talks in his
sleep. While al Parksville, Honest John started to talk
land policy iu his sleep and the bed, being narrow, and the
room small, it is not surprising that thc prospective Liberal candidate lor Nanaimo quickly donned his trousers,
coat and shoes and left the field to his brother-in-arms.
* * *
SIR ROGER CASEMENT was hanged by a man named
Ellis. The Ellis family is coining to the front. We have
our own Arthur Ellis, wlm hangs around Canada a great
deal and apparently there are other famous members of
the Ellis bouse interested in the hemp industry.
* * *
IF ALONG WITH Casement, Carson and Redmond were
also strung up, the Irish question would not be so much
to the front lor some little time to come.
* * #
WE HAD HOPED that lhe British Government might
have put Casement ill a padded cell for the rest of his
days. He was tin- soft-brained tool of a hunch of politicians.
Sir George I-'.. Foster, one of the oldest and wisest men
in Canadian public life, has stated lhat nearly all the evils
connected with Canadian politics are due to the patronage
system. Those of us who live in Britisli Columbia, and
the Omineca riding in particular, must agree with Sir
George. Onr public morals have been sapped and the
public purse, drained by the parasites of thc patronage
system.. In this riding probably one third of tin- male
population is drawing down public money, and few, if any
of them, are giving good value in return. This may be an
astonishing statement but it is a regrettable fact, and the
more regretable because this waste and corruption is
wholly unnecessary to the welfare of the country, the individual or even a political party. What has the patronage system done for Omineca? ��� Omineca Herald.
* * * '
Whatever else she may be able to claim in the way of
naval trophies or naval achievements, Britain cannot afford
to let Heligoland remain as a menace it is to her naval
supremacy. She never fortified it herself, and if she had
suspected the use to which it has been put, not even the
cynically good-natured Marquis of Salisbury would have
consented to its conveyance to Germany. Britain has,
in this as in other ways, suffered heavy penalties for her
lack of suspiciousness. For this she may well be pardoned
on ethical grounds, but if she allows Germany to retain
the fortified naval base of Heligoland after the war she
will be running a risk that no nation with the power to
avoid it ought to run. The dismantling and destruction
of the fortress of Heligoland should be one of the British
conditions of peace.���Toronto Globe.
* * *
prisoners���a Contrast
As Jane Anderson, an American writer, recalls in The
London Chronicle, 1000 typhus patients, prisoners of war
at Wittenberg, were abandoned by their German guards.
Tin- supplies for the hospital were passed in on a trolley,
worked by winches, that there should be no contact between the prisoners and the outside world. When she
visited Sl. Mary's Institute, a British internment camp,
where England houses 75<i German subjects, she found
lhe prisoners provided with workshops, with recreation
grounds, with reading rooms, with every facility that would
promote (heir comfort ami well-being, A maitre d'botel,
a prisoner, is iu i barge of tlieir cuisine. St. Mary's Institute, she adds, is typical of all British internment camps.
What a contrast have we here between British and German methods���between British and German civilization.
���Toronto Xews.
This here details the trials of one soldier's mother. These
trials do not make pleasant reading for Canadians whose
duty it is to see that thc burdens of soldiers' wives and
soldiers' mothers are lightened and not made intolerable.
The woman we speak of lives in Byng Inlet. She had a
sixteen-year-old son who was thc sole support of a family
of five. Over six months ago he enlisted in the 94th Battalion at Rainy River. Up till thc time of writing the poor
woman has received no separation allowance. All that
has come her way is thirty dollars, being her son's assigned pay for two months. A daughter of the widowed
woman writes: ��� "1 think it is a dirty shame when boys
of sixteen enlist and are brave enough to fight, can't get
any money for their widowed mother, while shirkers, men
who should be at the front, are getting the money poor
people should have. What would you advise mama to
do about it It is useless to write to the Patriotic Fund for
that has proved in vain." The only advice that we could
give in a case like that, is to kick up such a deuce of a row
at the Militia Department, that the blundering fools there
will be glad to do something to get rid of the trouble.���
: Vancouver Personals
The Georgia Chapter of the Daughters of the Empire was fortunate in
the choice of a day and had the first
fine weather this week for the children's garden party which was held
yesterday afternoon in the grounds of
Parkside, Lady '["upper's residence.
The rounds were gaily decorated with
the flags of the Allies and made a
bright setting lor the affair. All
kinds of sports and games were en
joyed by tlu- children, whilst bowling,
putting and tennis were provided for
older guests. The girls' orchestra of
the chapter played several selections
during tlie afternoon, and the following  programme   was  rendered  by  the
children: Sailors'  Hornpipe,  Bernard
Bennett; recitation. Sheila he-Men;
Irish song and dance, Lily and Josephine Dodge; song. Sheila l-'eddcn.
:oiig, Beatrice Merrill; Spanish dance.
Winnie and Norah Taylor; recitation,
Beatrice Merritt: recitation. Charles
Merritt; Dutch song and dance, Lily
and Josephine Dodge. Tea was served
in the rosary with Mrs. Phillips and
Mrs. Gibson in charge. Miss I. Wilson and Miss II. Darling had charge
of the ice cream. The candy booth
was looked after by Miss Dorothy am!
Miss Riteen, Fancy work was sold
by Miss Mary Rogers and Mrs Synu-s.
The duck pond and cannon was in tlic
hands of Mrs. Colin Graham and Miss
Alix. Wilson. Mr. Leslie Creery and
Mr. Allan Fellows looked after "Aunt
Sally." Amusements were arranged
by Miss Mary I'ybus. fortunes being
told by Miss LeFeuvre. Tennis at the
residence of Mrs. Buscomlic adjoining was in charge of Lady Piers and
Miss Kathleen Watson, and howling
and putting were in charge of Miss
Charleson and Miss Cambie on the
lawns of Mrs. L. G. McPhillips' residence across the street.
Among those helping in various
ways were Miss Betty Jukes, Mrs.
Mackedie. Mrs. W. A. Bauer, Miss
Waghorn, .Mrs. Manson. Mrs McLorg,
Mrs. Boultbee, Miss Seymour, Mrs.
Braddock, Miss Lockwood. Mrs. Cecil
Merritt. Miss Buscombe and Miss
Hickey. A few of those attending
were Mrs. John Williams, Mrs. Wag-
born, Mrs. Alexander Reid, Mrs. B. T.
Rogers. Mrs. Gillies. Miss VVhiteley.
Mrs, Jonathan Rogers, Mrs. Connon,
Mrs. Wilson, Mrs. D. A. McRae. Mrs.
Gordond, Mrs. McPhillips. Miss Ruth
Store opens at 8.30 a.m. and closes at 6 p.m.
McLean, Mrs. Tiinpiand, Mrs. Griffiths. Mrs Lothian Russell. Miss Lang.
Miss Helen Law. Mrs. Plunkett, Mrs.
Shallcross, Mrs. Farquhar, Miss Freda
Kendall, Mrs. 11. II. Watson. Mrs. D.
II. Harrison, Miss Susie Cambie, Mrs.
McMillan. Miss Godfrey, tlu- Misses
Phair, Mrs. Morkill, Miss Jukes, Mr,.
Shaw. Mrs. I'.ul roughs. Mrs. Calland.
Miss Crofton, Miss Oughton, Mrs lia-
vemeyer, Mrs. McLellan. Mrs. Donald
Mrs. Hayward. Mrs. Douglas Armour.
Mrs. W. I'.. Graveley, Mrs. Bushncll,
Mis. Gilman, Mrs. Herbert Kent. Mis.
W A. James. Mrs. Cochrane, Mrs.
John I turns. Miss Springer, Miss Cler-
mont, Mis. Gatewood, Miss A. Robertson. The handsome sum of $201.90
i was   realized.
* * *
Mr. am! Mrs. Angus  I. MacDonald
aiu!  Miss   l-'rankie  Gillespie  returned
this morning from Seattle, where they
s lent  tlic  week-end.
=:. * *
Mrs. J. I'.. Mcllreevy, "��������(> Comox
street, has is her guest. Mrs. William I!. Franklin, of Washington, D.
C. who will remain here for about
two  weeks.
* + *
Mr. and Mrs. J. I!. Boyle. 2210 Macdonald street, have as .their guest Miss
Boyle of  Edmonton.
* * *
Mrs. Stanley Smith and Miss Gladys
Smith of Auckland, New Zealand, are
taking up residence in the city.
* * tr
Mrs. II. A. Moore of Calgary is here
visiting her mother, Mrs. James Dawe.
at  Douglas  Lodge.
* * *
Mrs. William Ginn, Bayswater
street, has been called to Gleichen.
Alberta, by the serious illness of her
mother there.
Capt. and Adjutant II. II. Gillson,
I2lsi Batalion i \\ estern Irish) is in
the city from Vernon camp for a fe��
.'lays, visiting friends before proceeding overseas,
* * *
Mrs. James Dick is spt tiding a few
days with Mrs. Duff Stuart at he;
summer cottage on the North Ann of
the inlet.
Robertson Presbyterian Church was
the scene of the marriage of Winona
I Mae, daughter .,' Mr. and Mrs. Mal
colm Macdonald, 1938 Lakewood
drive and Mr. Frederick Joseph W'i!
son of this city. Key. Mr. Thompson
performed the ceremony. Thc bride,
who was given away by her father,
wore a costume of Alice blue silk
poplin and a dainty -lii-lure hat an.',
carna' mis. Tiu- bridesmaid .--as her
twin sister. Miss Victoria Macdonald.
who v,ore a pi-'jHy blue-flowered vo-ic
dress and carried a bouquet of pink
carnations and maidenhair fern. Mr.
Crawford Macdonald, brother of the
bride, acted as best man.    Alter the
| ceremony thc relatives and immediate
friends returned to the home of the
bride's parents, where a buffet supper
was served. The couple intend spending their honeymoon in Victoria. Seattle and the Sound cities. The bride's
going away suit was of navy blue poplin. The groom's gift to the bride was
a beautiful pair of pearl earrings, and
to the bridesmaid a pearl necklace.
Many heautifi.il gifts were received by
the young couple. On their return to
the city Mr. and Mrs. Wilson will take
up their residence at .122,? Seventh
avenue west where the bride will he
at home to friends after Aug. 15.
* # *
Mr. and Mrs. TllOS. Levy arc visiting iu   Duncan.
These Knitting
Needle Holders
Are the Rage
���every woman knitting should
have one; they are made from a
used Canadian military cartridge���
and they are just perfect for keeping your knitting needles and wool
together. Keep the stitches from
slipping off the needles and protects  the  workbag.    Price      25C
Very Smart
Only $1.48
For Present and the New-
Season's Wear
���you'll like these useful garments
and the value is really wonderful.
They are fashioned of good quality gingham in neat stripe and
cheek effects with high or low
neck and trimmed with collar and
cuffs of contrasting material. Colors of blue, pink, mauve and grey,
sizes 34 to 46. Very special value
at  $1.48
Bathing Sandals
For All the Family
���don't run the risk of cutting your
feet, wear a pair of sandals: they
arc genuine foot protectors when
paddling and bathing, etc. Our
prices make buying easy. Read���
white   only,   pair  656   and  $1
WOMEN'S BATHING SANDALS,   in   plain   black   and   white
WOMEN'S BATHING SANDALS, in the season's popular colors,  in   cross   straps  and   Roman
sandal style.    Pair   75c
CHILDREN'S BATHING SANDALS, in sizes 11 to 2 .. ..50c
You have probably got $20.00
and  you  expect  to  wear
clothes for some time to come.
Here Are High Grade
Suits at Only
��� ��� ��� ���
They're worth much more than $211. Vou can judge how much more when ymi
see them. Excellent fabrics, including English worsteds and fine tweeds tailored in
tlie latest models and suitable for young men, or the more conservative dresser, ami
sizes lor every figure.    Suits of highest quality at this popular price���
New Sports Skirts   Silk Sports Suits
$4.50 and $4.75 &*) 7C
Values for   . . .   ��P*.I��>
���made of fine linen and poplin in
the newest wide and narrow colored stripe effects, with two pockets. Very good wearing aud fitting and economical. Special,
each    $2.75
Regular $19.75 (If AA
and $25 Values *?1��>.UU
���made of pongee silk in wide
stripe effects with belted coat fitted with large sailor collar and
fancy buttons, and plain skirt with
deep hem of striped silk to match
coat. Smart suits for summer wear
and wonderful value $15.00
Women's  Cham-
oisette Gloves
Correct for d�� |   A A
Summer Wear . . ��pl.UU
���always stylish, but more so than
ever this season. Made of good
wearing quality fabric with one
dome fastener. Come with self
or black points in all sizes and
shades of natural, beaver and grey.
Pair,   only    $1.00
Mr-. T. II. Iluntly with her daughter Miss Frances Iluntly, is here visit
ing her brother. Mr I. R. Spray on
her way home to San ErancisC0 from
a  t<��ttr  in   Alaska.
* * *
Vancouver  visitors  t.,    Brentwood
Beach, Vancouver Island, during the
past week, included Mr. and Mrs. W.
G. Sherriff, Mr. and Mrs. Turquand,
Mrs. Alsoii. Mr. and Mis. .1 H.
Browne. Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Thompson, Mr. E. S. Thompson. Mr. aiu!
Mrs. I-'. R. I'.egg. Mr VV, I). Bell. Mr.
and Mrs. Frank Adams. Mr. A J.
* * *
Dr, Allison dimming returned yesterday from Victoria, where lie hal
been spending the week-end.
�� * *
Mr. and Mrs. Waller Evans are
spending a ivw days at thc Empress
Hotel in Victoria.
Mr-. Foster I limiting lias her mother.   Mrs.   Day,  visiting her
Mrs. W. I). Brydnne-Jnck left last
evening for  Fishermen's  Bay.
* # *
Commander and Mrs. House arc
visitors  in  tlic  city.
* * *
Mis. Charles Parson ol" this city is
the guest of Mrs. Robert Ferguson at
���t * *
At 949 Eleventh avenue east the
wedding took place this week of Mr.
William Lee Walsh and Miss Ada
Catherine Ross. Dr. Fraser performed the ceremony.
tt * *
Mrs. Dalby B. Morkill is tlic guest
of Mrs. A.  E.  Tregent at  "The  llun-
igalow,"  Qualicum   Beach.  Vancouver
* * *
Mrs. J. S. Wink of Port Arthur, and
Mrs. Wilson   Herald of Shaughnessy
Heights,   spent   th   eweek-end   in   Victoria and Seattle.
t   :.
Mr. and Mrs. Norman Lang are
spending a few days at  Powell  River.
Mis. Henry Ridley will leave tliis
week witli her son. Donald, for
Qualicum Beach, where they will
spend a few  weeks.
* * +
Lieut. Watkin Boultbee is in town
for a few days anil expects to leave
shortly   for   Calgary,   where   he   will
join  his battalion.
* * *
Mrs. Edgar Lee and her son Douglas, returned home this week from
Bowen Island, where they have been
spending a month ai Mrs. Charles
Pcnnock's summer cottage,
* W     *
Mr. S. S Taylor. K C, returned on
Monday from Victoria, win re lu- spent
tin-  week-end.
+ + +
Two Handsome Styles
in Silk Sports Coats for
2019���A smart Sport Coat of Italian silk; is
made with patch pockets, wide lapels, and
loose belt; comes in old gold, rose, or paddy
green ; all sizes, al $19.50.
2020���A very fine Sports Coat and Cap of Milanese silk; the coat is made with sailor collar, loose sash and turn-back cuffs, the whole
being trimmed in self color and white
stripes; colors available are canary, Russian
green, cerise, grey, black, white or brown;
all sizes, at $25.00 the set.
Mr. William Whyte spent a few
I days with Ins sister, Mrs. Charles
' Meek, on his return from Victoria,
and left  ibis  week  for  Winnipeg.
The first iJuke of Devonshire was
one of the first of the English Whigs,
as the eighth IJuke was one of the
last. The Cavendishes, though, whose
origin was the village of Cavendish,
in Suffolk, had emerged lrom obscurity quite three centuries before the
name of Whig had supplanted as a
party designation that of Exclusion-
ist. The fifth Duke was distinguished
for the marrying of the duchess whom
Reynolds painted, whose attentions
smoothed the wrinkled front of Sain
Johnson and who gave the butcher a
kiss for his vote, an incident that was
magniloquized in the "purple patch"
on Macaulay's essay on Warren Hastings. "And there the ladies wh -s--
lip-, more persuasive than those of
I-'. > himself, had carried tin- Westminster leection againsl palace am!
treasury, shone round Georgiana,
Duchess of Devonshire." Oddly.
though, her son. the sixth Duke, die!
without issue, vet. through t, ��- distafl
side the late Duke traced his descent
from the beautiful Georgiana. The
hereditary line of succession, was
I.. >rd   Burlington   until    he     bet ame
Duke in 1858, when he was 50 and his
eldest son 15. so that it was only then
that the son took tlic title of Marquis
of Hartington, by which he was to be
known so much better and so much
longer   than   hy   his   later   title   or   by
.the earlier, which was Lord Vavan-
dish, by which or by an affectionate
diminutive of which he continued to
be    known    to   his    family     and   the
! friends of his boyh 1. It was as Lord
Cavendish   that   lie   served   his   first
'term in the House of Commons. His
next brother i ens, Lord Frederick
Cavendish,  wh.,, as  Chiei    Secretary
I for Ireland, was murdered in Phoenix
; Park in  Dublin in  INS2,
Mr. A. 1-'. Ewing, barrister of Edmonton, one of tlic members for that
city in llie Alberta legislature is at
the Hotel Vancouver.- He is accompanied by   Mrs   Ewing
Madamt Est< Vvery, tccompanied
hy Miss Ellen Dllthie am! Miss Dorothy Cowperthwaite, lefl yesterda*  for
Si .uili.   .v I ere   sin    �� iii   staj    for   a
The picture shmvn the ruin* oi a ulmit Zeppelin.    The akeletOM U all
broUR-ht  flown  near  Salonika   hy   Brltlnh gun*.
thai  remain* of
The engine In
thin German
war craft which was
Kapelle, the Lawyer Who Attacked
The Vancouver Police Dept.,
Once Wrote a Book
"Utopian Snapshots" is a Contribution to Literature which
all members of the Police Force Should Read
'I )h that mine enemy should write
a hook."
The last man to spring a sensation
in Vancouver, Mr. A. J. Kapelle. lKth
Avenue West, has given the world a
book, which, if there is anything iu the
old saw quoted above, should be read
immediately by Chief Macl.ennan of
the local police force,
"Utopian Snapshots" carries within
its covers a number or short articles
dealing with subjects as Woman, Policies, Water Wagons, Politicians, Dollar Umbrellas and Alcohol. In one
place the author takes a rise out of
the bankers, as the following:
In a way these men are iu a class
bv themselves, although in some res-
bankers, as well as other men in large
corporations, have to do.
Some of our bankers visit our city
clubs regularly to see what their clients are doing and Imw they are conducting themselves. They had far
better stay at home and read and
learn something.
�� �� *
Some oi our bankers are very conceited. A conceited man is always a
man of link- or no intelligence. So
soon as a man thinks he is belter than
the other fellow, I prefer to meet the
Other man. A leally intelligent man
of experience knows he is only a
"unit.'' and never yet have you seen
him pass a friend on the street, pretending to he looking al something in
own; in fact, he has no mind. If he
had he would not be there.
How many managers of our banks
have any power?���very few. They
walk on the street like "managers nf
a bank"���they look the part���act the
part���but they arc bogus, like bogus
If a man be honest and can be the
head of a banking institution, the' position which he would then fill would be
a good one. because it requires brains;
in fact, he is the bank.
Sometimes you apply to your bank
for a loan. You arc referred to the
bank manager, and, of course, after enquiring into your early history���how
many children ymi have���how much
property you have, and when you intend to pay���he requests you to call
tomorrow, when he says he will give
you an answer. Of course, yon are
much better than he is. even when
ymi went into the bank, but still you
thank him, and you try to make him
believe lie knows something and is
conferring on you a favor���of course,
you don't mean it���if you are intelligent. Next day you call in to the
bank and you are informed by the
bank manager that he is sorry that
he cannot accommodate you. because
lace a decent and honest man's shoes.
Too many people spend too much
money on too much gear, in order to
steal their way into a class to which
they do not belong.
What the word "society" means, no
one knows. A good, intelligent and
honest man does not have to steal
anything���everything comes to him���
and probably, after all, the true interpretation of the word "society" is
"a class of people, intelligent, decent
and honest, who are, on that account,
in a class by themselves���a small
class." This is probably the reason
why they say that "society" is a "select class," because it is "small." According to this interpretation of society, the class Is small, unfortunately, because there arc so few people
who could justify it. However, judging from the ordinary acceptation of
thc word, 'society" does mean this,
am! is comprised of men and women
|who know nothing ami are nothing,
but who have something���that is ���
money. This is all they have, and
they may and will keep it. because
the money is dirty, and honest people
arc clean.
I'.e good and pay your tailor before
vou buy a frock-coat.
Japanese Steamer 1'nkal Mnru \o. 5, loudlnu: for Vliuliumtoi-ki 'OinprcHH of Asia from Hongkong) Canadian - Australian liner Niagara from Auxtralln
pects they are likened unto men working for other large corporations. As
a rule they enter into the banking business when they arc very young and
stay there until they arc old���in other
words, they become a part of the institution they work for. They do
things for the institution which they
would not do for themselves���what 1
mean by this is they do mean tilings
��� small things, and contemptible
tilings, which if they were requested
to do in their own private affairs they
would not do���I know what 1 am talking about. The whole trouble is that
bankers���from the manager down���
become wedded to thc institution
through the habit of being there, and
finally get into what is commonly
known as a "rut." Good men generally get out of a rut. A rut is a bad
place for a man to be in. If he is a
good man, he will get out, and when
he is out he knows he is out. Men
should remember that while it is very
easy to walk on a level or roll down
a hill, it takes a certain amount of
physical exertion to climb or get out
of a rut. The words themselves suggest action. A man who stays in a
bank is a man who, to my mind, is
not capable of vigorous action or moral courage���in other words, he is
afraid to face the world on his own
merits, and is happy in his own little
world, in his own little way, because
he draws his salary regularly���knows
that he is sure of a job so long as he
is willing to do the dirty work which
a store window where ladies' costumes are iu evidence. A conceited
fop is not intelligent���he is not honest ��� moreover he is a man "low
born," as they call it in Germany���
thinks he is "it"���acts like a school
boy in his first long trousers or a stiff
hat���in other words, he is narrow and
a "stiff."
Hankers arc a poor class of humanity. Bank clerks sometimes find themselves otlt and out���yet out. The fact
remains that most of the clerks in the
banks today are young men���why?
Simply because they would not be
there if they were not young and inexperienced. When a man gets experience and common sense, he resigns.
The man who resigns from a bank
generally has more brains than the
manager. The ordinary manager does
not resign, because he would be in
the poorhottse if he did���unless depositors or shareholders have been
paying him an annuity.
Of course this latter class are criminals in the strictest sense of the term,
and while some of them do land in jail,
unfortunately some of them don't.
Bankers are here today���tomorrow
they are "there," and when they die
���well���honest people don't see them
The honest man wants an overdraft
���the poor "slave" of a local manager
says "Xo."
lie has no authority or mind of his
Do you ask for, and get, just a "loaf of bread," or do
you, like the wise, discriminating buyers, order
SMAX and
These are wholesome, nutritious���made in a modern,
sanitary bakery���in every detail as good bread as
conscientious effort can make them.
Every loaf crisp, tender, delicious���done to a turn.
If your grocer cannot supply you, phone Fairmont
443 and we'llget it to you prompt.
Bakers of Better Bread
he has received a wire���from a $5(1
a month clerk at the head office of
the hank���to tlie effect that "our policy is changed."
Our Government should *ake this
up at the periodical revision of the
Banking Act.
In conclusion, all 1 wisli to say is,
tliat hank managers should remember
that 90 per cent, of tlie men who come
in to see them arc "honest" and more
intelligent than they are, and also,
that the fact that they are employed
Ion a small salary to do dirty work and
to misjudge human nature does not
'give them the right or privilege of
insulting and being high handed with
decent, honest and intelligent men.
"Bank" and "bench" were originally the same word. Then, it follows
that a "shelf" is in the same category; a shelf being a high bench���in
other words, a man in a bank is -on
the shelf." This term is used when
you put things away to lose���otherwise not worth discussing.
Sometimes "bench" or "bank':
means a piece of ground rising above
the rest constituting a long acclivity, or an elevation of some other
form. In most cases a bank means
"dirt" situated high���looking down���
* * *
Dealing with society, Mr. Kapelle
writes as follows:
Very peculiar, absolutely dishonest,
all poor acting off the stage, full of
lies, conceit���and���money. Gossip
runs rampant���slander fills the tea
cups, and sometimes men disgrace
their sex by becoming professional
sandwich and cake rustlers. For God's
sake, let us be men and women, and
try and realize that the hest man is
the mail with brains and not the man
with a stiff hat, or a weak mouth
scarcely concealed hy a light mustache, nor the man who has his face
massaged or his nails manicured
twice a day. Bc decent and sensible,
ami, of course, honest. Take a bath
like a Christian; cut your nails yourself; hold your own hands���because���
sometimes men of your class need
their hands held���but not by decent
women. Don't be a fake ��� don't
think because you have stolen a bank
account that you are good enough to
Get busy���read intellectual books
by intellectual men���learn to be clean
���dress ^decentlv���lock up your silk
hat and your patent leather shoes, and
forget about everything except being
This is all true���so get busy and
worry���worry is good for you���sometimes.
* =���, *
He pays his compliments to trade
unions in the following words:
Perhaps I am bold in discussing this
matter���] know 1 am bold���in trying
to. Someone will have to bc hold
and discuss it some day.
Unions are good things. In tlie ordinary language, a "union" means "a
pearl of great beauty and value;"
sometimes it means "the state of being united," or "conjunction," "coalition." Again it means "concord." At
any rate, in all senses of the word,
it means strength.    In  other wortls,
i unions are good things. They are not
good, however, unless they have for
tlieir object���good things. If the idea
of a union is to get something for nothing, then there is something wrong
with the union. No unions have been
formed with any ostensible objects
but those of unity and strength, and
to insure equalization of rights. Un-
foriinately, however, for the class of
men who find it necessary, or expedient, to form unions, there is always a
very small class which is superior to
the rest of the member^ of the union, but which is too lazy to do' the
work which thc legitimate members
of the union have to perforin���these
men are the cause of many of -our
strikes. They could not earn an honest living wilh a pick or shovel, with
a trowel, saw, hammer, anvil or with
any other instrument of  toil.
Bc honest ill all your thoughts, and
it  will  hurt you  when  you  discover
I that iu some of the most serious
Strikes to which our different countries have been subjected, the "men
behind tlie guns" have been men of li-
I editions and immoral habits, "smooth"
hands, long fingers and perverted
brains. Be a strong believer in -t
man's rights. Every man is entitled
to get what he earns, but not what he
can get. Wake up! It is a very simple matter to get what is coining to
Is there anything at the back oi the Government's continued refusal to
take action to give the people of Canada an absolute assurance that none of
our nickel can reach the enemy? Rumors are beginning to float around and
they are perfectly justified considering the inaction of the Government and
their failure to do anything more in this important matter than make a useless agreement with the International Nickel Trust insisting that the latter
close corporation will not supply nickel to Germany. An agreement of that
kind, as wc have said, is useless and ineffective. So far as preventing nickel
from getting to the enemy is concerned, it might as well have never been
Everyone realises the importance of controlling our nickel output at the
present time. Nickel is essential to the manufacture of munitions of war,,
and Canada has a monopoly of ninety-nine per cent, of the output. The importance of taking even the most drastic measures to secure absolute control
is not a matter of debate anywhere outside tbe Provincial Cabinet of Ontario,
and the Cabinet of tbe Dominion. In these circles, where the power to deal
with the situation lies, there has been unpardonable delay and traitorous
The people of Canada arc beginning to seek for a cause of tllis indifference mi the part of the Government and suggestions are being made which
are ii"t complimentary to the members of these governments. Some of these
insinuations have reached our ears, hut so far. we have not been able to verify
or substantiate them. An investigation of tlie International Nickel Trust's-
Ii loks. however, might result in putting an end t.. the rumors. When ?. loyal
citizen of Canada sees tlic Government neglecting to do something which they
should not even require to he told tt. d... a wry natural suspicion arises within him tliat llie Government must be tinder some obligation to those whom
their duty calls them to acl against. The difficulty tliis country had in getting
rid of the Boss rifle was due to the fact that too many of tin- "political pullers"'
had an interest in the continued manufacture of tliat rifle. Financial interests . f certain individuals hail more weight with the Government than had
the pleas of the men who tried to defend their lives with it and found it inadequate for tliat purpose.
For all wi- know it may he the same with the Nickel Trust. The control of the nickel output is even more important to the successful prosecution of the war than was lhe discarding of the R.iss rifle, and in case the
same kind of interests are preventing lhe Hon. Hilly Hearst and Sir Robert
Borden from taking the necessary actii n and tlu- only action that sane people
ai war would take, it would he well for the people of Canada to demand an
investigation into the business of thc Nickel Trust. We ourselves, for instance would like, to see a list of the shareholders of that Company and a
list of those I,, whom the big divldfends are being paid. Thc result of a
thorough probe, we believe, would give us a better idea of lhe reason why
the Government does nothing more effective than it has done to make dead
certain tliat no Canadian nickel can by any possible manner of means, reach
the enemy.���Jack Canuck.
When you're busy, busy, busy, with the big affairs of life,
And tired, tired, tired witli tlu- everlasting strife;
When in spite of every effort you cannot play the game,
And you feel there's something lacking, something that ymi cannot name.
And you don't know what on earth to do. and tlon't know where to yo,
llow'd you like to spend an hour with the boys you used to know?
How'd you like to close your office up and shut and lock the door,
And pack your grip and take a trip to your old home town once more,
And meet again your boyhood chums upon lhe old schoolgrnund,
And iu the spreading elm tree's shade just rest and lie around.
And call each other Jack and Jim, and Will and Fred and Joe,
And live the old days over with the boys you used to know,
And tell about thc fun you had at the games you used to play,'
. And "Skin the Devil," "One Old Cat." town ball and pull away?
Perhaps your eves would moisten as you called the old class roll
And found that in the passing years tliat Death had taken toll
And in your hearts you'd wonder who'd he the next to go
In answer to his summons, of the boys vou used to know.
And how-d you like to go again a pleasant hour to roam
Across the fields and down the creek to the bluff called "Hunter's Home,"
And see again the ledge of rock above the swimming hole,
Where you used to fish in springtime with a hazel brush for pole?
lhe old grist mill and dam are gone but the waters overflow,
l.ike the constant love that hinds you to the boys you used to know.
And liowil you like to climb again the bluffs which seemed so high
When you were boys together in the happy days gone bv
And breathe again the air of spring, all laden with perfume
Of honeysuckle, crab and plum, and violets in bloom,
And gather around a fallen log and in a campfire glow
Eat a,lunch of mother's cooking with the hoys you used to know
1 nose-loyal chums of byegone days are scattered far and wide
And all have tics that hind them to the place where they reside
But no matter what their station, no matter where they roam'
At tunes they feel a longing for the town they still call home;
And m Iheir hearts the filling, as their Inisv ways they used to'know
I lie years are passing swiftly by, the time will not be long
When you can meet those hoys you knew when life was one sweet song*
So pack your grip and lake a trip and spend a week or two
In the town that always will he home with the latchstring out for you
And send a bunch of letters out and let each letter show
lhat you would like to meet again the boys you used to know.
���Wiil  Cundill.
you. Go about it in the right way;
do not let the other fellow think for
you ��� particularly when he is a
"crook." Think for yourself; do for
yourself; get busy; act. Put your
"labor" leaders where ihey belong;
"hang them up," and you will find
that tin- ordinary crow, which is supposed to he a scavenger, won't touch
him. Do not he like sheep led by
a shepherd���Who���rin yOUl ease���has
"hoi ns,"
Many   strikes  are   proper���nut   . mly
proper. Inn advisable, lu many Instances it is absolutely necessary For
a laborer to use this, form of persuasion, Ile should n..t have to. but
should be able to get what is coming
to him without placing his own and
his family's future  in jeopardy.
This subject cannot bc disposed of
here; it is too broad, but think it over
���use your brains���and think! Don't
imagine, because you use a pick and
shovel, tliat you arc not as good or
better���than tin; professional man
who does not speak to you and who
wears a tall hat���sometimes a silk
one���and nothing under it.
Don't Ih- a foul���you can buy them
all out���and still have a balance in the
bank���which "belongs" to you. Get
busy and think���it will not hurt you���
Sometimes it does, hut it is only because you are using a force or muscle
you have not exercised���keep going
���think���use your brains���and���don't
worry about the other fellow���worry
about yourself. Your blue jeans are
better than lhe best broadcloth that
money can purchase���they are the
trademark of "honesty" and just tleal-
Your dark hands are clean in comparison with the manicured hands of
many men with whom we "have to"
(but should imt'1 shake hands. Your
sweat-grimed face is honest, be it
from  stoke  hole,  mine  or  workshop.
Thc Ntrlmlii Nonce, it \iinvi-Bliiii trailer, linn her name In large letters lor  Information of sul,murines In the war rone that ahe la a. neutral hoot SATURDAY. AUGUST 5, 1916
The Spy Who May Have Put 0$
The Great War
The Strange Case of Col. Albert Riddle, the Austrian Officer who
Was Ordered to Slay Himself Because He Knew Too Much,
and  Obeyed  the  Order By Herbert George Macauley
Would the preservation of the life
( f an officer of the Austrian army on
May 26, 1913, have prevented the present devastating war iu Europe? And
ii the same man had lived would it
have precipitated a war at that time
between Austria and Russia?
These questions may remain unanswered to the end of time, but there
are students of history who do nol
hesitate to give an affirmative reply lo
each of the momentous queries.
The story of Colore! \lliert Riddle
���that is near enough to his real n tnie
to make it clear to those who were
within the inner circle and far enough
away to protect the feelings of liis
descendants who are still living���is
one of the strangest in history. hi
its way it takes its place with the
Mystery of the Mail in tlie Iron Mask,
although in tile present case tliere was
never any question of the identity of
the victim or of the fact of his death.
Colonel Kiddle was connected with
the general staff of the Austrian
Eighth Army Corps, lie was one
of the favorites of the Vienna
c-.urt���young, handsome, attractive,
and with a dash and go about him
that made him a general favorite. Ile
hail won an enviable record and was
considered an efficient officer in every
sense of the term.
Presently the time came when it
was desirable for Austria to learn
something concerning the secrets of
(he Russian army plans. Austria, like
all other great countries in' Europe,
had any number of spies, but very
few of them were available for the
character of work which would be
necessary in order to learn the plans
oi the higher military officers of the
Russian empire. 11 was in this emergency that Colonel Riddle was called upon, lie had a young soldier's
love of adventure and he eagerly volunteered for the delicate and difficult
task. He was well supplied with 1110-
rey and authority and eventually went
to St. Petersburg, where he posed as
a sort of military attache of the Austrian embassy. The social side of life
in the Russian capital attracted him
immensely, and while he devoted part
of his time to thc work for which he
had been assigned he nevertheless
found numerous opportunities for the
pleasant things of life.
Indeed, so genial did he find his
surroundings that he had little or no
desire to return home. He became
very popular with the ladies ol" the
Russian court and participated in
many of the social events for which
that capital was noted at the time.
But everything has its cud, and
finally the day came when it was
deemed necessary for him to return
to Vienna, lie reached Austria iu due
time and made a comprehensive report
of his discoveries, a report that was
considered acceptable by the higher
officers of thc Austrian army. After
that he retired to his home in Prague.
Bohemia. He had many friends there
and indulged in what was regarded as
a well-earned rest. His activities���his
military Activities���were suspended
for the time being, and this high-
grade spy enjoyed life witli more zest
than is granted to the ordinary or
(commonplace person.
�� * *
But suddenly and most unexpectedly came the report that Colonel Kiddle was suspected of treason to his
Ile was summoned to Vienna to defend himself. Xow whether they were
true 01 not has never been am! never
will be definitely determined. At all
events the military and social circles
tif the gayest capital in the world were
filled with stories which were not
creditable to the fascinating and highly popular colonel. These stories, it
may be stated with surety, lost nothing in thc telling, and as they went
from mouth to mouth they assumed
proportions which represented Riddle
as being one of tlie most marvellous
deceivers of his time.
In the meanwhile, the talk took on
a new twist. It was said that if
Colonel Riddle lived to be prosecuted
for treason, thc revelations at his
trial would make it impossible for
Austria to maintain friendly relations
with Russia. The gossip said more
than that���it said that relations witii
Russia would not only be broken, but
that the bonds between Austria and
one of her fully trusted allies would
be severely strained.
As a matter of fact, there is no telling to what extent Germany and
Austria might have found reason to
suspect each other had Colonel Riddle
gone on the stand and made the revelations which would have been necessary in order for him to defend himself against the charge of treason. He
was accused by persons unknown to
him of not only giving military secrets
of Austria and Germany to Russia,
but also of having betrayed to Russia
the Russian officers who were selling
Russia's military secrets to Austria
am! Germany. Those who wen- acquainted with the man were vehement
iii denying his guilt of any such deal
iugs. At all events, one of tin- results
of all this talk was that Ausiria am!
Germany materially revised their
plans for mobilizing tlieir forces along
the Russian frontier.
-;.   ,.   *
In the meantime, while Colonel Riddle was in Vienna preparing for the
court-martial, thc government had its
agents ill Bohemia collecting evidence
to be used againsl him. Two of the
secret service men who were in Prague hurst into his room for the purpose of securing any information thai
might he obtained there. At first il
| looked as if they were to have tlieir
labor for iheir pains. Nothing out of
the ordinary was found. It was a soil
of apartment tliat might be expected
to belong to a comparatively wealthy
and popular young man. There were
trophies from all parts of the world;
souvenirs of his stay at St. Petersburg���tliis. it must he remembered,
was before tlie days when the capital
of Russia assumed the name of Petro-
grad���and other interesting places.
There were numerous private letters,
some of them tender love missives.!
Finally, the secret service men discovered a private desk in a corner of
the room which, when broken open,
disclosed a number of papers of an
incriminating character. It was positively declared at the time that if certain of these papers ever became public, nothing could prevent a war between Austria and Russia.
And here another curious twist is
introduced in this strangest of strange
stories. It was asserted in a way that
gave it the appearance of verity, that
some of the papers, had they come to
light, would have ruptured, if not entirely broken, the relations between
Austria and Germany. The Austrian
authorities were seriously alarmed.
They could not contemplate a struggle between their own country and
their German ally with equanimity.
The question was what to do under
these critical circumstances. One of
the first things was to take charge of
all of the possessions of the unfortunate man. Everything was seized ���
not only the official papers, hut private letters, tailors' bills, photographs
.of all kinds, and all the other articles
that were found in the room. Tin-
papers were not only seized) and
sequestered, but the apartments wen-
sealed, and that concluded thc first
act in the tragic drama.
* # *
But the most serious part of the
business was still to come Tin- papers were out of tlu- way; there was
no documentary evidence in thc case,
but the man still remained, and what
he might say or do was the unknown
quantity in the problem. Tlie strangest
pail of the queer affair was lhat in
spite of all these charges and counter
charges against the fascinating colonel
he was still looked upon as a patriotic
person. It was assumed���and probably with correctness���that while In-1
had been indiscreet and possibly
blameworthy, he never really intended to betray his own country. But tllc
cold facts remained, It was a condition and not a theory which confronted those in authority. Tlic court-
martial had been ordered. It was
fixed for a certain day. If it look
place according to schedule, it might
strike the spark which would cause a
terrific explosion in Europe. If it was
postponed, how could the postponement be explained? And even if it
were, there would still remain the man
who had been indiscreet and! who
might be again.
Tt was at this stage of events that
Colonel Riddle, who was kept in strict
confinement, received a call from two
of his fellow officers. They smoked
and chatted, and the three even had a
glass of wine together. All of the
facts were placed before him in an
orderly manner. He was shown that
he could not escape under any circumstances and that if he should live, the
life of the empire might be threatened. It was the existence of one or
the other. He was told, and he knew
very well, that any attempt to defend
himself would place Austria in the
position of having attempted to steal
the military secrets of Russia, and further, of being faithless to Germany.
Finally, about midnight, they parted.
and as the officers left the room one
Diiiii,-   I'iisliioi,   tlcmailll.H   ih;,I    'lil.-iil.-s   Suit   must   lie   in.-iili-  niter   the   Illicit
Known tib'ove
of  them,  with  a   significant   gesture.
handed   Colonel   Kiddle  a   loaded     revolver.
The next morning when iln guard
made his regular rounds, liis eyes met
a shocking sight. Colonel Riddle lay-
prostrate on tile flour with a bullet
wound in his forehead. Tlic weapon
with which tlie deed was committed
lay hy his side.
*    *    :!<
There was much regret, of course.
The highest officials of the Austrian
court were heard to express sorrow
at the untimely taking off of the popular young officer. His high standing, his unusual ability, ami his bright
prospects for tlie future only made
the  tragedy  the  sadder.
A five-line cablegram told the story
to America. It is doubtful if one person in a thousand either read ii or
paid any attention to it. It was simply reported as the suicide of a sol-'
dier who was about to he placed on
trial for treason. What could In- more
natural than that a man in tlic face of
impending disgrace���especially when :
he had been a trusted officer���should I
take his life? Such tilings had hap-j
pencil before. Why should il excite 1
any comment?
In the early part of tile following
month there were whispers concerning tlie real facts that lay behind the
curious story of Colonel Riddle's suicide. These facts came to light little
hy little, and finally became a coher
enl and connected story. Many friends
of tllc dead soldier, win. knew thai In-
had acted as a spy In her interests,
also knew that he had become a mar
tyr for the fatherland.
(Im- of i'u results of the tragic affair was a reorganization of the en ,
tire spy system of the Austrian army, i
Secrets which had hitherto been
known to a score of men were now .
confined to a comparative few. Every
man was placed under suspicion, and j
even spies whose fidelity had never
been questioned before were subjected to the closest scrutiny of other
spies whose existence was unknown
to them. At the same time, thc German secret service was reorganized
and put in a position where thc likelihood of a betrayal of state secrets was
exceedingly improbable. Even those
who were unwilling to believe that
Colonel Riddle had been guilty of
treason admitted that the looseness of
the Austrian spy system placed it
within the power of many men to he-
tray those for whom they were supposed to be working.
"The government." said one officer,
alluding to the tragedy that had occurred, "found it imperatively necessary to close the mouth of one of its
own sons. I hope thc necessity for
such a thing will never occur again.''
Germany has never expressed itself
officially in this matter, but those
who know a thing or two .about military methods may be sure that the
important   officers   in   that     country
fully approved of the manner ill which
this unfortunate incident was handled.
Experience has.proven  that  there  is
no way to-ktcp. military secrets,    that
there   is  11b'  protection   against     the
. weakness   or   cupidity   of   one's   own
\ spies.    Only "lie  man  can  bc  trusted
I with a mobilization plan, and that man
j is   the   chief  of  the  general   staff.     If
J he fails, it is madness to put him on
[trial.    The only  reasonable  thing  to
do under the circumstances is to have
j him  efface  himself  from  the    earth.
'Exile is impossible.   Death is the only
j remedy.     Such   were   the     arguments
thai were u>t:t{ a little over three years
ago in order to justify the Kiddle case.
lu a short while after tin- death of
Colonel Riddle the incident was forgotten, am! so far as people generally
were   concerned,   it   was   relegated   to|
Onli  a liit nl  white ribbon���
Marked  with the  blue and the retl,
Hut Its dear to tin- gallant  French soldier,
Fur ils honor he's fought, and he's hied.
Will you buy it- -that wounds  y be tended;
that white, hungry lips may he nil'
Only a dime���or a quarter
Km- t li its French tin;    of red, white anil him-:
And some comrade's wife, mother or daughter
Will breathe   "Benediction"��� for ynu.
Km- a comrade we And tin- brave Frenchman,
A comrade, tried, trusted, and true!
***�����        +        ���
To light France, wu oft crossed the blue ocean,
British blood the French soil has oft dyed,
Yes! wc conquered, hut still, we've a notion���
We're hest  off���with  lira-,e  France on our side-
And Ihey fought us as men and as soldiers;
We can speak of each other with pride!
We remember���how can we forget it���
The glories of brave Waterloo.
And our i-omrailes:  they still love to let it.
Linger on. in  Iheir memories, too.
For we fought with each other like hemes���
And shook hands when the righting was done,
So, respecting each oilier as comrade, and brother,
WE JOIN HAND.1-' now to Punish the "Hun!"
Buy a tag! Come! 1 am sure it is pretty:
(live a quarter���you'll not feel the loss,
See Ihe emblem of love, and of pity���
Everywhere in the world���the Red Cross.
"Vive la France!"
Aye!  they've well won the guerdon
By their conduct���brave, noble antl true,
And the heroes when fighting at Verdun
Are fighting for me���and for you!
"Vive ia France"���with a tag on your coat, sir,
With good grace that refrain you can sing.
And our comrade with joy in his throat, sir,
Will reply with his   'God Save Ze King."
the lumber room of undiscovered mysteries���tn that , hazy am; uncertain
section of history which is filled with
stories that everybody believes an 1
no one is willing to. affirm. But it
seems curious indeed that three years
after a life had been Sacrificed in urder
to avert war. the nations, "f Europe
should be engaged ill a death grapple.
War, like politics, makes strange
bedfellows. The fate of nations often
rests on the tossing of a coin. Human
lives are but the pawns with which
kings and emperors play the game.
This was pathetically illustrated in
the case of Colonel Albert Riddle. By i
snuffing out his own life he prevented
war between two great empires. And
yet, as if by the decree of Nemesis, the
Goddess of Justice, these same countries are even now at one another's
Money   is   everything  to   the   poor
chap who hasn't a cent.
Doctors used a lance to bleed their
patients in former days. Other methods arc now employed.
* * *
A thorn in the flesh is more troublesome than two on the bush.
* * t-
Some people seem to think that
others expect loo much of them.
* * *
11 a man's business runs down the
sheriff comes along and winds it up.
* * *
Always give the devil his due���but
it is better to keep ot*t of his debt.
About the only tiling a man-wants
after he gels all the money he needs
is more,
* :|:    *
Train your servants in the way
they should go and before very long
they are gone. .
Here Are the Standard-Bearers for 1916
Below will be found THE STANDARD'S tabulated list of all the constituencies which have nominated
their candidate for the coming provincial parliamentary elections, along with the nami ��� I tin gentlemen who
are to represent Iheir different parties. --��
nservative        Socialist, Lab.  ir Independent
Alberni    ..
Cariboo  ..
Columbia .
Comox ...
II. C   Brewster
Frank Mobley
J. V  rston
E. 1).  Barrow
K.   1 Min, an
Ji hn   P.ii.kain
Hugh  Stewart
Fort George 	
Grand  Forks   	
North  Okanagan   .
South Okanagan  ..
New Westminster
North ancouver  ..
South Vancouver  .
Dr. 1   II.
\. I).
( (liver
W. McCurdy
A   Gaskell
I.  Fisher
*. J. D. McLean
E.  Thompson
. Jackson
Dr.  K.  McDonald
Leslie   V.   Rogers
M. B,
F. W.
J. B.
A.  M.
David  Whiteside
A. M.  Manson
Dr.   Sutherland
W. D. Willson
G. G. McGeer
F. A.  Pauline
R. S.  Conkling
T. D. Pattulo
Chas.  F.  Nelson
Mayor  Hanes
J. W. Weart
Michael   Sullivan
Ralph Smith
M.  A.   Macdonald
P.  Donnelly
Dr. Mcintosh
J. S. Cowper
J. W. de'B. Farris
H,.  C. Byewster
John  Hart
George Bell
H. C. Hall
Joseph Walters
1.   0,   C    W :
It. X, Mil) nal
1. A.  Fraser
VV, D. Macken
W.  II.   Hayward
Dr    Tail I
M.  Mai - -.
T   D, Caven
r   i. Mackenzie
W    1.   Ma,-.. ������
R, 11. Pooley
W. R. K iss
j. R Jackson
E.  Miller
W.  W.   Foster
J.  P.  Shaw
Neil  Mackay
Archie   McDonald
Dr. W. O. Rose
A. E. Planta
Price Ellison
Mayor Jones
Dr.  Dier
11. W. Maynan
.1. A. Macdonald (Soc.)
John Mel
T. P. i I'C
Jack Tlace (Soc.)
Parker Williams (Soc.)
F. M. Dockrill
Hon. T. Taylor
L.  A. Campbell
W.  T. Baird
D. M. Eberts
L. W. Shatford
Wm. Manson
W. Hunter
G. H. Morden
Rev, Boulton
Jas. A. Schofield
W. T. Bowser
C. E. Tisdall
F. W. Welsh
Walter Leek;
A. H. Macgowan
Thos. Duke
E. T. Kingsley (Soc.)
W. Bennett  (Soc.)
Ernest Burns (Soc.)   ���
Alex, Lucas
J.  Harrington   (Soc.)
J.  Sidaway   (Soc.)
C. Lestor  (Soc.)
..W. A.Priicbard (Soc.)
J. Kavanagh (Soc")
W. VV: Lefeatix (Soc.)
J. H. Hawthornthwaite (Soc.1
V. Williams ,(Soc.)
Dr. E. A. Hall (Ind. Lib.)
How Jules Verne Foresaw the Modern
::   Submarine    ::
11 )n July 21). lXf>6." says Jules Verne
in the introductory chapter of "Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea,'
"the steamer Governor lligginson
sighted a moving mass." Thus he
I egius   his   story   of  tlu-  submarine
-up Fifty years later, within 11
days of the exact date thus recorded
in that most daring piece of fiction,
ihe submarine ship "Deutschland"
emerged from the Atlantic Ocean and
entered the Capes of the Chesapeake. I
Tin- year 1866 was signalized by a
remarkable series of incidents, vessel
after vessel reported having met an
enormous thing at sea���something of
surprising  power  of locomotion  and
which moved off promptly.    The ship
put on steam.    The thing increased its
speed correspondingly.
Commander Farragut sent orders to
llie engine room to put on all that
the boilers could hear. The frigate's
masts trembled to their stepping
holes. "Nineteen miles and three-
tenths, sir!" reported an officer Still
the creature kept ahead.
The forecastle gun was manned.
The firsl shot went over. The second
struck full���but it bounded off the
animal's hack!
Again tllc chase was resumed. The
"Abraham Lincoln" was driven to a
speed of 19 1-2 miles. Night fell, and
the thing was ahead still
An iron plate moved suddenly.
Eight strong masked men appeared in
the opening and dragged the three
into their formidable machine.
Thus began the strange voyage of
a French scientist in the submarine
ship 'Nautilus" with her strange, silent crew amUher still more strange,
mysterious commander.' whose very
name remained unknown to his pris-
oners nil ''������TpfllLaT**'1' ;l;i~ addressed only as Capt|fflj.'eiiio. fife
For ten months they cruised midcf
the seas of all the world, frotn the
North Pacific to the Indian Ocean,
through an underground passage be?
low the Isthmus of Suez into tllc Mediterranean, through the Atlantic Ocean, llie Sargasso Sea and the Gulf
Though the commander kept thc
seal of silence over his own previous
life, he permitted liis guests and prisoners to examine the marvellous ship
freely,    lie showed them the electrical
Tlie DetttNeliluiMl. whleli ftot away from Baltimore WetlneHilny, with n enrnu of Canadian nickel for ('erniiiii munition
milnuritctlire. Humor ku>k that n number of these lioniM lire I't'lnic hull! null (lint one will visit New York slinrtlj
bringing nitHNeiiKcrK unit u cargo of cliemlculM worth S'JO.AOO.MOO. The DeiitNeliliiuil wiih rnllmvt-il out Into the
Atlantic by ���Irltlnh online��� nnd there In little likelihood llnil she will ever make her home port.
endowed with peculiar life, something
far larger than any whale ever seen
by a whaler, something that was as
large as the ships of that day.
At last the United States government fitted out the "Abraham Lincoln," a frigate of great speed, and
placed it tinder command of Commander Farragut to search for the monster. Among the scientists invited
for the voyage was Professor Pierre
Aronnax of the Museum of Paris.
The direct field of search \vas the
North Pacific, where the mysterious
thing had last been seen. For many
weeks the frigate cruised without anything to reward its watchful ship's
company. Rut at last one night when
the quest was being abandoned, a
voice rang out: "Thc thing! On our
weather beam!"
There it swam, an immense oval
form, very much elongated, with a
radiance shining from il, Straight at
the frigate it darted. "Up with the
helm!" cried thc captain. Thc frigate
described a great semi-circle, but the
supernatural animal moved with twice
her velocity.
When day broke, (he thing tay motionless within full view of the American warship. Those ou board estimated its length accurately at 250 feet.
The frigate moved toward thc object,
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catalogue���post free.
Those on board gave up hope when
the darkness hid it from their sight,
but just before midnight they saw thc
strange light again, and the frigate
advanced silently. It was within a
hundred feet of the thing. A har-
pooner, crouched' under the bowsprit,
cast his weapon mightily. It struck
with a sonorous clang and rebounded.
Instantly two enormous spouts of
water rose from the object and flooded the ship's deck.
A tremendous shock followed almost at once, even as the deluge swept
the deck, overthrowing men and gear.
Professor Arronax found himself
floundering in the sea, and to his horror saw the frigate moving away on
an eccentric course.
He was clutched suddenly and supported. It Was his servant who had
jumped overboard for him. The faithful fellow told him that the ship's rudder had been struck and smashed by
the monster.
They tried to swim after the ship,
hut the vessel disappeared. Toward
morning, just as the professor was
sinking, his servant cried out in amazement antl terror. The next moment Arronax was dragged against
something hard, a rough fist seized
him, and he was lifted out of the sea.
His astonished eyes saw the frigate's harpooner, Xed Land. "Wc are
on the top of the monster!" said the
harpooner. "I have found out why
my weapon would not enter it."
The professor stared about him.
They were crouched on a big, oval,
rounded back, astonishingly like the
back of a whale. But this was not a
whale's back, nor was it thc shell armor of sea-turtles. It was black,
smooth, without scales. Another look
and thc professor saw riveted plates.
The monster that had puzzled the
world was simply a human construction!
engines which propelled it, stored air
for it, and served every other purpose
that men could need to live. He explained to them his own inventions���
the manometer, which gave the navigators the exact depth to which the
vessel was submerged; the electric
speed indicator; the compression
pumps for storing compressed air; the
small boat which was carried in a
water-tight cavity on deck; and the
apparatus for extracting the chloride
of sodium and other chemicals from
the sea to produce stored electricity.
Electricity did the cooking, and it
distilled sea water to make it drinkable. The engine room, 65 feet long,
was fitted with Biinsen's coils.
In the course of time Captain Xemo
told Professor Arronnax that, when
completely immersed, thc "N'atilus"
displaced 1,500 tons. "The reservoirs
are in the lower part," explained the
commander. "We can fill them by
turning taps, and thus sink the vessel
as wc desire. There are also two deflecting planes, one on each side, that
serve as rudders to steer the boat upward or downward."
"But how did you succeed in constructing this wonderful ship so secretly?" asked the professor.
"Each part was ordered in a different place," was the answer. "The keel
was forged at Creusot, France. The
screw shaft was made in London, the
plates for the hull in Liverpool, the
screw in Glasgow, the engine by
Krttpp in Prussia, the beak of the ship
in Sweden, and the mathematical instruments in Xew York. These parts
were all assembled on a lonely island
in a distant ocean by myself and the
men who are with mc now."
The prisoners in the strange ship
saw the wonMers of the deep sea unknown to men. They witnessed Homeric battles between whale's and killers, they saw in vast depths the hid
eous, unearthly monster devil-fish,
they fought giant squids, sharks and
mammonth sea-spiders. Twenty thousand leagues they journeyed with their
mysterious host, before they found an
opportunity to escape.
It was off the coast of Xorwaj
when they succeeded in detaching the
small boat from the "N'atilus" arc*
making shore. Their last sight of tbe
wierd ship was as it struggled with
all the strength of its enormously
powerful engines against thc Maelstrom, that dreaded sea whirlpool between the Ferroe and I.ofoden Islands. \
(Perhaps no more refttarkablc fore
cast of a future scientific achievement
has been made than this prediction by
Jules Verne of a ship to move at will
under water. He describes the "N'atilus" as 232 feet long and 26 feet beam,
which is very close to the average
sizes of the modern submarine. The
new fleet-submarines of the United
States navy are to he only little longer, tlieir projected length being 2t>51
feet and their displacement 1.000 tons.
In another part of this story (which |
is full of minute details) he gives the
cost of the "N'atilus" as $735,000���not
far from the cost of a sea-going sub-
inaiine as estimated by tllc American
naval authorities today. I
Communications of interest should
he adtlresscd to the "Society Editor,"
A large and fashionable gathering
filled the Metropolitan Methodist
church, Victoria, for the wedding
which took place at high noon Saturday last of Florence Georgian, youngest daughter of Mr, and Mrs. David
Spencer, Sr., Moss street, Victoria,
and Lieut. Arthur Graham Gray, C.
E. F��� of Toronto. There were no invited guests, but the church was
crowded with girl friends and relatives of the bride, who is very well
know in Victoria and Vancouver.
The ceremony was performed by
Rev. Robert Hughes, of Esquimalt
Methodist church, assisted by Rev.
C. E. Bland, of Edmonton. The decorations were particularly beautiful.
Shasta daisies, palms aud ferns banking the whole rim of the pulpit, and
almost concealing the organ loft.
While the congregation was gathering the organist, E. Parsons, played
the "Corn Joyeuse," by Marks, and
before the ceremony commenced Miss
Charlotte Spencer, a sister of the
bride, rendered very beautifully Haydn
Wood's "God Make Thee Mine."
The bride, walking beside her father,
who gave her away, passed down the
main aisle of the church to the accompaniment of the bridal chorus
from Lohengrin played by the organist. During the ceremony she knelt
on a white satin cushion, and was
greatly admired in her exquisite dress
of white Georgette crepe made with
a very full skirt and vogue bodice,
her veil of Brussels net made in the
pretty Italian style and edged with
deep rose point lace, falling in soft
folds round her shoulders. Orange
blossoms were in thc cap and in thc
corsage of her dress, and sprigs of
the same snowy flower decorated the
veil and looped up the skirt here and
there. The bouquet was of Madronna
lilies and white heather, and as an
only ornament) she wore a cameo
brooch, the gift of the bridegroom.
There were no attendants. Mrs.
Spencer, the mother of the bride, was
handsomely costumed in mauve satin.
While the bridal party were in the
vestry signing the register, and as
they left the church the organist played the Mendelssohn Wedding March.
At the church doors the bride and
bridegroom were pelted with rose-
petals by girl friends of the former
who stood at either side of the steps
with baskets of fragrant blossoms. At
the home of the bride's parents, Moss
street, a family wedding breakfast was
served, only immediate relatives being
present. Tlie reception rooms were
beautiful with garden blooms, j sweet
peas being the principal flower used.
The honeymoon is being spent motoring through the island, and in a
few days Lieut, and Mrs. Gray will
leave for the east, where their home
will be until the departure of the former with his unit. They have the best
wishes of a very wide circle of friends
both here and in Toronto, where both
bride and bridegroom are well known.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. W. II. Hargraves and
their son Jack left yesterday for
Qualicum and Campbell River, where
they will stay for three weeks.
* * *
Mr. and Mrs. Robert Dollar moved
yesterday into the residence of Mrs.
Ridley. Shaughnessy Heights, which
they have leased for a year.
* * *
Mrs. McLellan, wife of Col. McLellan of the 121st Battalion, Western
Irish, has left for St. Catherinees,
Out., where she will spend several
weeks before joining her husband in
* * *
Mrs. Charles Worsnop left on Sunday for Powell River, where she will
visit Mrs. E. G. Blackwell for a few-
* * *
Miss Smith and Miss Zoe Smith, of
Sudbury. Ontario, have arrived on a
visit to Miss Gladys Story, and will be
in town for two or three weeks.
For Sale
$150 CASH
Through their representative
going to the War, the famous
Australian firm of Trewhellas
want to immediately quit 6
(SIX) of their world-renowned-
Tree and Stump Grubbers
$150   EACH   CASH
for the full equipment, which
was selling at $200 before the
big rise in materials. Otherwise���we are instructed to return them to Australia if NOT
OPPORTUNITY for anyone
wanting the world's best clearing machinery.
Send CASH $150 and Order
Now to
The Campbell
Storage Co., Ltd.
Tickets on sale daily,
June 1 to September
30, 1916.
Return limit tliree
months, not to exceed
October 31.
For full
particulars apply
to any
C. P. R.
Massey-Harris Bicycles
For Rapid Delivery or Messenger Service, the "MASSEY" is a
general favorite.
Built to stand the hardest usage, very easy running.
MEN'S ROADSTER, $45.00. IMPERIAL, $30.00
Know all ye by these presents:
*I That for Factums and Briefs, no printers give
you better satisfaction than ��lip S-tau^aru.
���I That for Letterheads and Envelopes 2Hje
&tattharb is the place to buy.
���1 That for Book Binding, Engraving, Ruling,
sooner or later you will come to
Wkt B
Primarily, look for healthy security and buy from a responsible
Company that has carefully scrutinized the investment.
Second, consider tbe interest returns.
The safeguards of a true investment can be easily veriiied. The
B. C. Municipal Bonds we handle are a charge on all properties
within each respective municipality. They yield from 6V> per
cent, to 7'ti per cent.   Consult our Bond Dept. in person or by letter.
Canadian Financiers Trust Company
Head Office*. 839 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B.C.
PATRICK DONNELLY, General Manager.
Northern Securities Limited
Established 1906
Seymour 1574
We can offer you, subject to prior sale and rise in price, small lots
of from $500 up in gilt-edged Provincial and Municipal Debentures, to
yield 5 per cent, and over. A splendid opportunity for the small
Excelsior Life Insurance Company
Head Office: Toronto
M. J. Gillespie,
Provincial Inspector
F. J. Gillespie,
Provincial Manager
This old line Company has $1.50 for every dollar. of liability.
Our policies are approved by the Dominion Government. The rates
are no higher than other Companies.   "Safety First" is our motto.
When you telephone you get an
answer instantaneously. You know you
are talking to the party wanted--you
recognize the voice.
Try the Talk-Way. It's quick, it's
Your telephone will take you any
Special rates in the evening.
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Lines
C. E. Jenney, G. A. P. D.
Phone: Sey. S134
W. O. Connolly. C. P. F. A.
927  Gnnviil.  Strut
"North by West in the Sunlight"
Eight Vessels "8" in Regular Service
Apply to our Publicity Department for brochures "Outward Hound"
and "Xorth by West in the Sunlight," and particulars on Special Fares,
Hotel Accommodation and Tariffs, etc.
Take Car to Columbia Avenue Phone Seymour 30fi
Reference! have been made in these
columns regarding the short-sighted
legislation passed for the protection
ol mortgagee! and others, in the local legislature. It lias been some
years since llntish Columbia lias been
blessed with an able Minister of Finance, and the work has been performed by amateurs in the world of finance,
The Moratorium legislation enacted here is tending to impress llritish,
and especially foreign capital that it is
becoming unsafe to place funds here.
Other western provinces have enacted similar legislation, and the situation created cannot fail to have a
very unfavorable effect un the financial situation in general., Moratorium enactments are too frequently
based on sentiment and political expediency.
The situation is being closely
watched in the United States which,
since the war, has become our chief
banker, A citizen of the L'nited States,
who has placed considerable funds in
Alberta, discusses the matter in a recent issue of the New York Annalist.
Ile says: "It seems unfortunate that
the popular law-making bodies of
Canada do not have to secure Unsanction of definite written constitutions to their acts.   There is obvious
itacles instead ol placing them in tin-
way of capital investmi m-.   It can i.i
saiil   with   safety,   however,   that   the
Moratorium   legislation   meets      with
popular favor, but  th.- voting public
will  find out in  time just  how  shortsighted   the   legisalture   has   been   in
putting all this protective  legislation
on  the statute  books.
��� * *
Many prominent bankers have gone
on record as to the importance and necessity to the business of the country
of life insurance protection, but no
one has expressed it more accurately
or concisely than did A. Barton Hepburn, formerly comptroller of tin-
currency, now president of tin- Chase
National Hank of New York, who
said recently:
"When a man comes to us to borrow money, wc want to know how
much life insurance he carries. This
is not so much because of its bearing
on his financial power, but as an indication of his type of mind; for tintype of mind that induces a man to
insure his life is the type of mind
which makes for success in business."
This is becoming widely recognized.
Hanks everywhere are inquiring more
Dominion War Loan
By purchasing a bond you will help
to WIN THE WAR and obtain for
yourself an investment of the highest
class yielding a most attractive rate
of interest.
in London, on war finance, paid special attention to the question of ta V
tion, something which is becoming a
heavy burden in Creat llritain. lie
estimated   that   the   total   taxation   tor
ernment, met by wholesale borrowing.
The  position   was put  in  this  way  by
Lord George Hamilton:���
They  all  know  that  the  enormous
nditure   of   the   government   was
1916-17   will   amount   to   ��358,500,000',   forced   upon  them   by  the  exigencies
and draws the conclusion tliat inchtJ-
mg  the  new  taxes  antl  allowing   for
the   increase   in   the   income   of   the
carefully into this question of life insurance. From the standpoint of tin-
bank,   the   insurance   not   only   serves I working   classes   .luring   the.  present
danger if the  impulsive,  short-sighted I as   a   measure   of   protection   in   the  period of war expenditure, the burden
acts of a popular body which infringes   event   of   thc   untimely   death   of   the | of  taxation  is   still  a  very   light   one
on the fundamental rights of the min-   borrower, but also as a  sinking  fund
ority   or   the   individual���tin-   sacred-  ultimately to liquidate Ihe loan.
ness of  contracts,  the  rights  of  priv-1 * * *
ate property, etc.���arc not at once
questioned in the court-. Recent legislative acts in some of the provinces
illustrate   this   danger.    The   thought-
Husiness men of Los Angeles. Cal.
realizing that   their  city  has    beconif
of the war���they must have certain
tilings. They had commandeered the
whole of the manhood of the country;
they were paying very high wages;
they were compelled to buy wholesale
rtain articles which were necessary
Having regard to the incomes of the  for ,iK.m ,,, convert into munitions ot
income  taxpaying classes,  the  burden I w.,r   :ini,  ,|u.y hilcl  pai,i  ;11,  enormoua
proce for those articles���and the mo
il   direct  taxation.
tin- ks
be considered unduly heavy.    To justi-1 ment peace u;ls declared, or in sight,
fy  tllis  view  Sir George   Paish  states  tne  vast  majority  of  that  productive
that after the close of the N'apole >nic ,work wouid ,:t.;ls(. t,, |,ave any value
tin-  Mecca  ior irresponsible  proniot- wars iu  1816-17, when the income ofL, au
ful men of the Dominion, however, al-1 ers, are discussing measures to pro- the United Kingdom was about   E303,-       '.,.,'     ., ., ,.     ,
,        ,     , ,     , ., -, ,,,-���, Ihc   Monctarv    I line-     in   inclined
though  they deplore these  particular tect the public against these unscrup- 000,000, the sum raised in taxation ,vas . ....
acts, do not fear for the general sittta-1ulous   sellers   of   wild  cat   securities.] fficOOCCO   or over  !0 tier    enl      \t/" '      '  V'CWS  "'    '"'"    'L'"TU''
Hamilton.     Whatever     good     things
may   be   in   -tore   for   the   time   when
tenant-governors of ihe provinces and, ,o  form  a  bureau  through  which  the | tl,e remuneration paid to the army and  "a,!��!lS   ^   "f!"   ""   *   Peace .b*sls'
'still there must be an acute period 01
,   transition   between   peace   and     war.
mn   ��4O0.00O,C0O I mending post otfice and   , , ....
! International   conditions,   in   such   a
minor receipt- in addition to taxation!
i. or over _'.i |
mmittee  thc present time he figun
f the  Crown,  exercised by  the  lieu-  to prosecute  these frauds;  another is  a]  income at   t*3.0C'I.O0O,(
tion.    They point to tin- veto power One plan is t
irganize a
the  governor-general  of  the   Domrn- public may obtain trustworthy advice |naVy. ;ul(i :l governmental revenue
ion.  and  to  the  grcat  body  of  court about  the  standing of promote
decisions, without exception granting their  prop sitions,     A   third  plan   i
protection to the rights of individual, to solicit  tin-   :o-i iteration  of th,- de
have violated these  traditions  will  be  undesirable   financial   element. |0{   ��450,000,000  would  represent  onlj
speedily repealed and repudiated." When   it   is   known   lhat    I."-   An-   i; .,.,- ccnt    '[-i,,. natioa's debl  bel in
There  is  no defence  for  the.insti   geles already has mon than one stockLjle  nar  tt;i���   E/07000000   it  :-  now
tuiion in Western Canada   -t some - f exchange and others are planned, ��
ter another twi 1- i
. will not be far -1:
000.    For the purp
war  it |
the legislation which has been enacted  can realize lhat  the plucking of suck-
in recent years     The use ol  tbe veto  ers ;n the far western city has been ���������
power of the Crown is unlikely, but if  very  profitable   game.     I'm   Los   blithe present tendency continues, it may geles  realizes  that   the  aftermath  of  money to carry on the war,    ir George
be necessary.    It is a well-established laxity against swindlers is likely to ir.-   pajsn ,. 1Ilsj,*ers .1 essential f' r every
fact that funds for ordinary first mort- j���re the   rity's reputation in the eyes | dtizen   ,,,  ;     ase,,j y   hard-
gages   are   practically    unprocurable. of the resi    I th<   world, and is pro    working as possible, in order to main-
throughout   British  Columbial    L.uanL,erly taking measures to ward off any |tajn tn(, country's prod    i       and its
company   managers   and    investment|8lIC], damage to its f I  name.    Los  inCome, and at the same th  -   to bi  as
agents cannot reasonaDly be expect.    ^ \ngeles is to be commended for her economical as is compatible  wit!   ef-
to aclyisc tin- investment of Funds        proper conception of her dutj  ������   the  [jcjency
first mortgages as they arc absolute!)   public���Financial  \\   rl '
unable to foresee whal legislation I
be  enacted  next   year,  with   lie    sa    -
disastri us effects on    esti d n  >rtgi -
interests as thai which has conn   ii I     ,���,. ,,,,,��� arc ., fruitful    insc ol
force during the past two  sessions "'opinions. Tin- pri spects dc|   nd la
ihe legislature. |;,  upon tlu- duration of iln- war.
If this province is cm to drill into George  Paish.   i-hose optimism is
stagnation for some time to come, the qasionally   questioned,   in   a.   ressin     seeing that it has been entirely caused
government will have to remove oh [recentl)  ihc Royal Statistical Society  by the   ..i--  expenditure of  thi   gov-
ureal   war.   cannot   adjust  themselves
would, represent only  1.-  per cent, of .   , , .,,
to an entirely new  basis without considerable   inconvenience   and     conse-
uent depression.    It is to prepare for
thai  period that effort  should now  b<
.   turned.��� Monetary  Times,
t far short   .:   tj.-l I,     I, an,', af-1
The prospei Is   for  thc  peri
I    Thai  t!:i- is to    bright a  \ i- w. was
I 'in-   position   la en   b;    !.. -     I lei irge
Hamilton,   who   participated     in   the
Liscussion   fi 1! >v mc   tin Iress
Sir  Gi irgt   Paish     ' I<   :i: : .
tin   estimate of national incon e
y . .'.   eas ll   i   i  ri lia   '    figure,
Phone Seymour 9086
for the safety of your valuables
and Documents.
A   Private  Box
in our Safety Vault.
$2,50 Per Annum
The only field kitchen on the border in use hy the  American  nrmy belong* to the First Cnvalry of thv Illinois  National
Ciunnl.      The   money   for   this   kitehen   VF$Ht raised  hy puhlie subscription
���d 1891 Refined Se.v
New   I .0  .lion.   1049 C
Fireproof ColumtwHui
* "ir .nd Nijlil
Sell-love   prevents     sonic     people
from  loving more than once.
Xo girl can successfully masticate
fudge and nurse a case of disappointed love at the same time.
Tbe average woman doesn't believe
in the equality of the sexes. She
thinks she is a little more than equal.
The first I bing a widow- does after
making-jtjij her mind to appoint a successors-Co her late husband is to make
up her lace.
Wt giatifcarfc
Willi our money back policy you take no chances in
buying your clothing here. Every suit finished to
yum* measure by nur own tailors. Investigate our
suit values al $15, $18, $20, $25, $30 and $35.
Shipment of Sill< Knitted Ties in new designs,
50c and $1.
WM. DICK, Ltd.
33   and   47-49   HASTINGS   EAST
When the
was discussed in the House
Prohibitionists Were Plainly Told
1. That the Act provided a "Wide Open" Door for
thc purchase and consumption of liquor.
2. That Ihc Act did not lake advantage uf the powers
of thc Legislature lo enact real prohibition legislation.
Read this Statement of Mr. H. C. Brewster
(Liberal Leader), made during the House
Discussion of the Bill:
"I am surprised that we are not asked to pass an
Act that will actually prohibit; that is, that advantage
has not been taken of the Dominion legislation giving
power to the Province to prohibit the possession of
"When full Prohibition is now possible by Federal
law, it is surely a remarkable thing to find this wide
open door for liquor provided by this Act.
"It is amazing to me to read this and other sections
and find that no attention has been paid to or advantage taken of the Doherty Act (Federal Legislation
Act 66).".
Not one word was said in reply to Mr. Brewster's
straight declaration that thc Prohibitionists were knowingly supporting a Prohibition Bill that would not Prohibit and also did not take advantage of the full powers
of the Legislature.    '
In view of the above facts, can Prohibitionists now claim that the Prohibition Act is as strong as it could
be made?
Under the Spreading Chestnut Tree
"Every time the baby looks into my I    "I Ijuess so."
face he smiles," said Mr. Meekins. "Welt when hi
"Well," answered his win-: "it may (tell  him that on
not in- exactly polite, but it shows he
has a sense of humor."
In her hook. "Recollections of an
Admiral's Wife," Lad) Poor* sa>>
ihai obituary notices in Australian
papers are oi'u-ii accompanied by
poetic tributes to the departed. These
irihmes sometimes tumble into awkwardnesses, hut she quotes as champion in lhat way a pp.se tribute in
these worils: "Mrs. II. has just passed
BjWay al lhe line of eighty-five. For
some months she has been in failing
health, but during the last few days
approached the grave in leaps ami
*   ��� *
Senator llo.ire used lo tell with glee
if a {southerner just home from New
England wlm said to his friend, "Von
know those little white round beans?"
'Yes," replied the friend; "the kind
wc feed to our horses?"
"Thc very same. Well, do ymi
know, sir, that in Boston thc enlightened citizens take those little white
round beans, boil them for three or
four hours, mix them with molasses
and I know not what other ingredients, hake them, and then���what do
you suppose they do with the beans?"
"They "
"They eat 'em, sir," interrupted the
first Southerner impressively: "hless
me, sir, they eat 'em."
*     .:     *
The Guv'nor���You are accused of
being habitually lazy. Jorkinsl   That s
comes in vvill yon
his way from the
cheese factory I wish he'd stop and
gel thai pig of Herman Suit/'- and
lake il down lo Henry Parker's and
tell Henry I said he could have it for
that single harness even up, if he'll
fix up lhal bridle and throw in Ihem
russel lines instead of the old hlaek
ones; and if he won't trade, tell Tom
tn hriug the pig down to my place
and put it in the extra pen, and he
sure and shut the door to
house, or all the chickens'l
Sure there ain't no mail?
Mr. Postmaster."
"Morning, Hill."
the  hen-
I   get   out.
so. Jones, isn't it? Jones (the fjore-
nianl���Well, sir. 1 don't like to hurt
Jorkins' feelin's hy exactly callill' him
lazy, hut if any voluntary effort Was
needed to digest his food, Jorkins 'tld
die of starvation, 'e would.
"1 cannot understand why my second husband is so fastidious," confessed a Washington lady to her
bosom friend. "He scarecly eats anything. My first husband, who died,
used to eat everything I cooked for
"Did you tell your presi nt husband that?"
"That's the reason."
* * *
A Pretty but Quiet Wedding
Major George W. Tiedeman, of Sa-
vanah, Georgia, tells the following
about the old-time Georgia editor win
vvas usually mayor, justice of tlu
peace and real-estate agent as well.
Upon one occasion one of these editors was busy writing an editorial on
the tariff when a Georgia couple came
in to be married. Without looking up,
without once slacking his pen, thc editor said:
"Time's money;  want her?"
"Yes,"  said  the  youth.
"Want him?" the editor nodded toward thc girl.
"Yes," she replied.
"Man and wife," pronounced the
editor, his pen still writing rapidly.
"One dollar. Bring a load of wood
for it.    One-third pine; balance oak."
* * *
Of  One  Trade
Doctor���"How do you feel, colonel,
when you actually kill a man?"
Colonel���"Oh, not so bad. How do
* * *
Bad Both Ways
Charles' mother was reproving him
for not being more tidy about his
hair, when his uncle, who was very
bald, thinking to soothe his feelings,
"Charles, don't you wish you were
as bald as 1 ? Then you wouldn't have
any hair to comb."
Charles heaved a sigh of resignation.
"No, I don't," he said. "There would
be that much more face to wash."
* * *
Editor's Response
"I have written a poem on���" The
editor looked up wearily. The blue-
eyed blonde young woman was merciless. "I have written a poem on 'The
Old Red Barn on the Farm,' and���"
The weary look disappeared from the
editor's face. "Ah! Delighted! Written on the old red barn, eh? Fine!
I'll be going along by the farm in a
day or so, and I'll stop at the old red
barn and read it."
* * *
All in the Day's Work
Tn a town of Maryland one Bill
Morton appeared before the postmaster one morning and the following
colloquy occurred:
"Morning, Mr. Postmaster."
"Mornin, Bill."
"Has Tom Moore been in for his
mail yet?"
"Will you be here when he conies?"
Back-Firing on Satan
Tin- paslor of a church down in
Houston, Texas, believes in fighting
the devil with fire.
Taking for his text "This is the
life," he uses a glass of beer and a
shotgun in the pulpit for purposes of
And going a bit further, he offers a
two-and-a-half dollar gold piece to
any young man and women who will
demonstrate the "strangle hold of the
modem dance" on the church rostrum
each Sabbath. Thus far he has had
no takers but is reported still hopeful.
This pastor may be on the right track;
at any rate, overflowing congregations seem to sustain such theory.
Hilly Sunday, who will appear shortly in Vancouver under the distinguished auspices of the prohibition
movement, uses the fire and brimstone
method with success and there's no
good reason why Hilly should have a
But if the shade of old John Wesley
happened to stray into that Houston
meeting house some Sabbath morn, to
see a stein of beer and a shot-gun on
the pulpit, while a couple of young
folks bunny-hugged to a rag-time tune
on the pipe-organ, we fear, we sadly
fear, the pastor's pass thro' the pearly
gates would he cancelled without
stood   hegan,   was   a   barracks,     tw.
storied,  of a  dun  color, and  built  of
stone.     The   road   in   front   of     the
house was sandy, dusty and brown.
"fin the other side of the river the
houses were few and straggling, and
belonged to poor people. They hail
but one storey and wen- built of logs
placed horizontally one on the top of
iln- other, and were roofed with iron,
hut ou the right of tin- road was a
larger house, painted white, with a
tall chimney, from which the smoke
proceeded:  this  was    a  factory    of
some kind. Next to it was a 'tall,
wooden windmill; one of its four
fans had been broken off and was
missing. Right in the distance, on
the horizon of the plain, you could
see a bare brown wood.        '
"As we leant over the bridge we
observed at thc foot on the left hank
of the river, a raft, and on it, a little
wooden house with windows and a
flat roof; on the raft a whole bevy
of women, iu colored prints, were
washing their linen.    Five or six sol-
diers  were  looking on.    The soldiers   |JV  ������   ,���.���,,,   .������,  ���������������..,,,  .������ .   .,
had got on  their dun-colored, rough-   ties,
stuff gray coats; some of them were       Try   tbis   excellent   milk.       Phone
bringing bundles of linen to be wash-1 Fair-  2624  -ini'  our  driver  will  le
and uniform in quality is difficult lo
secure in Vancouver.   This bold statement may seem like a scheme Oil our
part to get new business, but we simply repeat  what scores and scores of
people   have   told  us   lately���many   in'
Kitsilano and other districts we do not
serve.    Why ihis should be, we know!
not. But we do know that better, richer or more wholesome milk than Sou-|
Van Milk cannot be obtained in Van-'
couver today.
We go the extreme limits in handling Sou-Van  Milk���the  pasteurizing,
clarifying and bottling is all done by'
a  scientific  process  tliat  is  approved
by the health and municipal auth
chaffing the washe
j you a trial bottle.
South Vancouver
Milk Co.
ed; others were
"There was not a sound ill the air, i
except the splash made by the wash-'
! ing. And then from the plain, along
the dusty, rutty road, a whole line
of flat carts creaked along, one iu
front of the other, five of the foremost being without drivers; all of
these carts were full of sacks. Alongside the sixth walked the owner, a
bearded  peasant  dressed  in  a  brown   "
leather and very dirty coat lined with the table cloth. In taking sugar, use
sheepskin. And every now and then only the sugar spoon."
he influenced the march of the line
of carts by shouting a word to the
horses. Not long after this, the line
of carts crossed the bridge and turned
into the town and the creaking died
away in the distance; the lazy stillness fell upon the place once more;
and so grcat was that stillness    that
the  whole   landscape   seemed  like
colored slide of a magic lantern."
"In Prince Serge Volkonski's interesting Lowell lectures, 'Pictues of
Russian History and Russian Literature,' he tells the following characteristic anecdotes," Maurice Baring
writes in "The Russian People"; "'I
remember an American girl who
frankly confessed that she did not like
Russian books representing Russian
life; she thought the things they pictured were not original enough, lacking "local color"; she much preferred
English novels about Russia, they
were so much more "Russian." This is
characteristic'" Mr. Baring, after
picturing Russia as he, and most other
people who have never been there,
had pictured it, gives us some glimpses of what it really looks like. He
describes, for instance, walking out
one afternoon from a small provincial
town where the annual meeting of the
county council for the district was being held, with a Russian friend. ''Just
as we had reached the outskirts of the
town," he says, "and we looked round
on the landscape, we both said, simultaneously, 'What a typical Russian
"It was an autumn day in late October. The sky was cloudless and of a
light transparent blue, clear and dazzling. So clear was the atmosphere
that the distant features of the landscape were as distinct as they are in
a kodak photograph. The view had
the sharpness of a photograph. We
were standing on a wooden bridge
which stretched over ri narrow and
utterly sluggish brown river; the
banks were of shelving sand, aud you
had to go down some wooden steps
to reach the bridge on one side and
to go up some wooden steps to reach
the farther side. On one side of the
river, and about thirty yards from it,
was the town, standing on level
ground; on the other side, of it the
level country stretched out into the
distance, a flat, dark-brown plain, cut
by a road.
"What you saw of the town was,
on the  right,
fourth   biggest
was Palladian, I suppose, that is to
say, it had a front of five large Corinthian pillars supporting a pediment,
and a dome; walls, dome, and pillars
were all whitewashed. A little further to the left of it and beyond it
was another church, which had a
white spire and a round cupola painted ultramarine-blue. Round the
church was an open space, and then
along the river began the line of
houses which formed the limit of the
town. They were low, two-storied
homes, most, of them, some built of
bricks and whitewashed, and some
built of wood. The corner house of
the street, which ended where the
open  square  in  which  the  cathedral
If there is a revolution in the table
manners of the people who live in
the small towns of Ontario shortly,
it will bc due to the efforts of some
wag who recently played a joke on a
number of the weekly papers published in the country districts. As most
people are aware, these weeklies usually contain eight pages, four of
which are filled with local news, while
the other four are supplied by an agency that furnishes "insides" for such
publications. All these agencies know
that they must cater to the women,
and accordingly they invariably run
"household hints," which, of course,
include instruction in conduct. A few
weeks ago, there appeared, under the
heading, "About the House," in many
of the village papers a half column
of "Etiquette of the Table." It would
be interesting to know how it came
to be printed, or whether someone
supplied it as a joke, but most of it is
worth quoting. Here are the table
manners that are being taught in the
small towns of Ontario:���
"Sit upright, neither too close nor
too far from the table.
"Open and spread upon your lap or
breast a napkin, if one is provided;
otherwise  use  a  handkerchief.
"Do not be in haste, compose your-
elf; put your mind into a pleasant
ondition  and  resolve to eat slowly.
"Possibly grace will be said, aud the
most respectful attention and quietude should be observed until thc exercise is passed.
"While you wait to be served, it is
thc most appropriate lime to put into
practice your knowledge of small talk
and pleasant words with those who
are sitting near you.
"Do not be impatient to be served.
If soup comes first and you do not
desire it, you will simply say 'No, I
thank you.' But make no comment.
Or you may take it and eat as little
as' you choose. Another course will
be along soon.
"The soup should be eaten with a
medium-sized spoon, so slowly and
carefully that you will drop none up-
Training that is Useful in Civil Life-
Innumerable Trades Taught Men
Who enlist in Engineering Units for
It is not generally known that in
addition to being taught everything
that an infantryman is instructed in,
thc sapper of the Canadian Engineers
learns many things useful in civil life.
He is therefore continually being prepared for the return to civil duties at
the end of the war.
He is taught bridge building, building construction, road building, use of
explosives, geometry, construction of
piers, derricks, incinerators, drains,
water systems, the use of the blocks
and tackles, knots, lashings and splicing. Careful thinking men who are
going to enlist should remember this.
More men are wanted, and wanted
quickly, for the Engineers. Sixty men
are wanted immediately.
Men desirous of enlisting in tlie
Engineers should apply at the nearest
Army Doctor or Recruiting Station,
or communicate direct with the Officer Commanding at the Headquarters, North Vancouver, B. C. On receipt of attestation papers and medical history sheets, transportation will
be forwarded for journey to Vancouver.
The officers and non-commissioned
officers' school of military engineering commences on Monday, 31st July.
Anyone can join this school and successful candidates -will obtain a sergeant's certificate before going overseas. A considerable number of men
have received commissions after obtaining  this   certificate.
m  your  person  or  the   table  cloth,
large  cathedral,  thej Making an effort to get the last drop
Russia:   the   style and all unnecessary noises when eating should be avoided.
'Formerly it was thc fashion to
pour your tea into the. saucer: not so
now. Tea should be sipped gently
from the spoon or cup, taking cup and
spoon in hand when drinking. Thc
spoon should never be removed from
lhe cup when the guest is satisfied
with the contents. Should the.cup bc
empty and more he desired, to take
the spoon out and place it beside the
cup is an intimation to tbe hostess to
have it refilled. If not empty and the
spoon is placed in the saucer, it is an
intimation to the hostess that you
want the tea changed. Do not call
for 'milk': call for and speak only of
'cream.'    Never  set  your  teacup  on
Phone Highland 137
Grandview Hospital
VANCOUVER     -     B.C.
Medical : Surgical : Maternity
Rates  from $15.00  per  week
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.
Classified Advertising
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, 48
Hastings St. E., and 782 Granville
Street, Vancouver, B. C.
wanted to clean and  repair at the
factory, 438, RICHARDS STREET.


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