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The Standard Feb 24, 1917

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 4 I ��      II O M K It      STIIKKT
<-I.OH<.l-:     M      III  ItltAl.     Editor
I'HOM!     _i:nitini     47*
���=**=
���6L.V, No. 43���Established 1911
VANCOUVER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATURDAY,   FEBRUARY   24,   1917
Price Five Cents
That Libel Suit
<<:"TFNCREDIBLE as it may appear, my client has no as-
*^* sets," said Mr. A. E. Lucas, who appeared as solicitor
for his father the other day, in the now famous Ministerial
Libel Suit. The public must remember how pompons this
vouth was when the sheriff was visiting all the clergymen
and taking an inventory of their personal belongings.
"Dressed in a little brief authority," he wanted his "pound
of flesh." It looks as if he was about to get it "cut out of
hi.s own little hide." "Unless Mr. Alex. Lucas, former M.
L. A. for Yale, proceeds vvith his libel action against the
Ministerial Association and Moses Cotsworth. and has the
case set down for trial within two months from today, the
case is dismissed with costs amounting to $3,300, assessed
against Mr. Lucas," so runs the official announcement, and
it looks as if the Lucas outfit together with all their coadjutors, are about to be hoisted on their own petard. Everything comes to those'who wait long enough���even in 1!. C.
WHHMH^r' ���
The Purity Squad And The League
j^HE Purity Squad, otherwise known as the Liberal
League, still continues to hold meetings. A boodle
fund has been unearthed somewhere, and it is proposed fo
hold an inquest. The League proposes to lake a higher
stand-than part}* organization. It hopes to be the means
"f educating the masses, etc., etc., etc. A grand programme
on paper and desirable, but when Hercules set out to clean
up thc Augean stable he did not proceed forthwith to build
:���. new one. No I Hercules cleansed ,the stables of Augeas
by turning the waters of the river Alpheus through them.
if        *        *        41        :|:        lit        ;,':        :|:        "���:        *        _*:
tf The only way to root out the old gang in any political
party is to let light in on their doings and stay with the job
and the joint while performing lhe operation. W'e need
education, and wc need to direct the thoughts of the masses
to better and clean party methods* but we never accomplish
much by leaving the party. The reined)' lies in selection,
not election.
*i The nominating convention isSvhat the purity men need
io capture. Get all the gootl, honest citizens info the party,
and outvote the tin-horns and the guttersnipe dummies,
Drive them out into the open and expose their methods of
demoralization and corruption, Create a new spirit and
soul in political life, and Strive after a return to those ideas
and ideals when manhood was wrapped in ''that chastity of
honor which felt a stain like a wound." AH this can be done
inside the party.
-I
of their own that amounts to anything. But the country
has confidence in Hon. Mr. Brewster. He stands for the
square deal, and can tye relied upon to make the very best
solution of this intricate problem. He will play fair, wc
know, so let us Asquithise, that is, "Wait and See." A deal
worse than that which Bowser and his outfit gave the province on this question could not bc equalled anywhere.
Humanity will have to fall to its lowest ebb again before
that could be possible.
'
���
The Situation In South Vancouver
(SOMEBODY' has been writing to the papers about peace
^^^ being declared in South Vancouver. It is all a mistake.
Such a state of affairs would be unnatural, besides, as the
worthy gentleman who runs the Carnegie Library will tell
you, there are worse things in this world than fighting and
worse men than soldiers. Look at W. [. Bryan and at the
Ford car.
,: Take it from us; South Vancouver will newer be too
proud to fight nor too respectable to hold a protest meeting.
The citizens of that municipality are a martial crowd, as
witness their fine record of enlistments. They have the
same feeling towards the respectable and order]}- communities around them as Roosevelt has for Wilson, with a special reservation of a large portion of scorn for the city people. It is a good job for Mayor McBeath and the City
Council that South Vancouver is not annexed to the city,
or else that self-imposed increase of salary would have
brought a strong arm squad into the City Hall to show the
mayor what law enforcement oh the American plan really
means. No wonder Mr. Mayor did not wish to be associar
ted with that "rabble," for, with all their faults, the people
of South Vancouver have a knack of distinguishing between right and wrong, and their judgment would be given
after
llfiiESh
I'l'lil!!''
'
igap ol the olitcial
'���������-    When
The Prophets Of Prohibition
"jgAPETY FIRST" seem to be the sli
representatives of the Prohibition 1 'arty now.
asked for iheir opinion the other day regarding ���
oi the vote, the}1 all with one consent began to Si
prefer to wait until we are in possession of all the laci
Any school boy could be a*- lacil'itl as they would try to be.
But the public are thinking, just the same, prohibition
was made a political football in British Columbia by a few
political Opportunists in .both parties, and the result is thai
the cause has been practically lost. The bod}' of men who
accepted the Soldiers' Voting Act from the Dowser Government, without protest, should fade oul of public life.
That act was the biggest lemon ever handed out to so-called
business, men by any. government anywhere, and any set of
men who unreservedly accepted it, as did the leaders of the
People's Prohibition Party of British Columbia, have abdicated the function of being intelligent beings. .But such is
the manner of politicians who blindly place party first.
*{:        .{*        s|t        $.:*:.!--):        i)t        _[-        i\t       ��
tf- A number of prohibitionists have, it appears, assurances
which make them feel certain that, at the coming session of
the Legislature, the Premier will introduce a measure pro^
viding for absolute prohibition during the period of the
war, the understanding being that when the soldiers return, a new referendum will be submitted. .
tf This prognostication is on tlie assumption that, as the
civilian population of the province voted for prohibition
last September, Hon. Mr. Brewster proposes to give prohibition until the soldiers return, when the whole matter will
again be thrashed out.
*****    ***_���.**
tf This may be so. It may also be not so. There are many
members in Hie present Legislature who are not prohibitionists. Some of them are strong advocates of compensation. Others of them are just what the party says they
should be, and apart from the party, they have no opinion
without hesitation in the matter of a salary increase
an election fought on the policy of strict economy.
tf  But this rumor of peace in South Vancouver.   As one of
the belligerent spirits says: "There was a h'armistice, but it
didn't last.   Anyways, I ain't got no use for quiet limes "PIbreaks one
at the 'all.    Canr't be too many rows.    When things is gO-L
ing quiet up there is when there's most    need    oi a row.
Leastways that's my experience.    An' this new Reeve, 'e's j
a reglar Eoxy Gran'pa 'e is."
''.. It appears that this peace talk came from the Reeve after
a few false moves at first. The men with the smallest majorities got the most important positions.
* As a further tesi of his powers, he baulked the first move
inwards retrenchment. Councillor Pollock promptly
knodced the chip off his shoulder. The ultra patriotic
Reeve's anti-war friend came to the rescue and the fighting
councillor went to the mat with both of them.
'   The Reeve called it off after the first round and asked
tf Well, after the loan was all fixed up���the change.came.
The shock was so sharp and sudden that the councillors
from wards 1 and 4 haven't got their breath back yet.
tf The real line up was revealed at the first meeting. Three
good Conservatives, two Socialists, the WORLD, the
PROVINCE and the NEWS-AD. against three sad-eyed
thrifty Liberals. Tell me brethren ��� what chance have
these poor, well-intentioned Grits?
tf At this meeting Clerk Springford got his reward, and
the genial rubber stamp who was nearly defeated by Bob
McBride kept awake long enough to ask a question. About,
that near defeat. Somebody has said that victory is the
next worse thing to defeat ��� but a narrow victory over
Fighting Bob is worse than an ordinary defeat, for Robert
has been oftener licked and worse licked than any other
man around. But the question was this. "Is it not a fact
that we made a good deal in the matter of this loan5'' The
answer is that by a good deal we secured a loan���a loan
means money. We got the money to spend���here's Spring-
lord. He got it���ergo, give Russell the credit and Springford a raise.
tf It was also decided to setttle that account for the lumber in the new fireball, which has caused Councillor Men-
gel no little uneasiness and will do so again in spite of the
decision of the council, which was made by the vote of the
councillor who before his election was the chief kicker a-
gainsl the said fireball. There is a good reason for his
change of heart. Sometimes it isn't so much what you owe,
but whom you owe it to that counts.
Ii Anyway it was resolved to pay the bill and relieve somebody's mind of a burden Of care. Bul as the WORLD
would say���"The end is not yet" as regards the responsibility of payment.
' The event of the evening was the visit of the school trus-
rees. "They entered the room with nonchalant air," as Laura Jane Libbcv would say. They"sat down. Soon it was
impressed that the Trustees were there because they were
there, and for no better reason. There was a silence which
was broken by the Reeve���anybody that wishes to know
vhat a broken silence is ought to be there when the Reeve
e told them whal a fine-looking, good-living set of people they were and was well mi the way tn moving a vote of
thanks when that man Pollock interfered, lie is impossible,
lhat man Pollock���at least the PROVINCE man thinks
he is, and he ought to know.
lere���vou
sine:
ivs Pollock-
fellows
And '
���w hal
a\ ing
a i>
his
that doctor bu-
looked Xeclahd.s
everybody to go to lunch wit If him.
pa did not dispose ol his own horse
v,
>U1
sense when
>.\y (ii'ami
he sold the
square in thc eye, and waited the answer. But Neelands,,
like Brer Fox, he lay low and imitating the Tar Baby, says
nuffin, Neelands don't have to say anything. He can get
elected any old time. Gets the solid Labor and Conservative vote, su he don't have to argue���he just says things
and you can lake em or leave em.
' Trustees Stevens and Robertson were right there with
explanation.    Seems thai  a doctor was appointed at
w  When  *m "lu "  L ""1"'^ '" lll5UH"'gi3C -*"���" "��*���"'�� BU-" ""- the explanation.    Seems thai a doctor was appointed at
he result   r!-'n,,w,u'(1 m,lk charger, and the rebellion oi thc councillor $220() peri vvhen another offered $1,200 to do the same ml..
..,,-    aroused him to the need for harmonv in the council.    He ,   ,.,. ... ,,.:,, ,, , , ,
iv,     We      .   ,   , , , ������ .     i     -,i   .. -.      !    J liev said n couldn i lie tloiie.    .1 low could anv man o<> a
*  ���       ..tried the new plan at the next meeting.    And with       \r-   ��� ,   - *     ,,,  ,,    ,  ,   ,  n   .   , ,  ,   ,    ���     ���  , ,*-    ,,    ��� ,
ie tacts. ' ..,.,., o]> lot* a  thousand dollars less and do it  rmht.     Beside-.
I
iiioii}', gentlemen, 'annony,' as lhe keynote, he sang a new
song to the bewildered brethren and he go! away with it.
The fight vvas called off, seemingly on the understanding
that the Reeve 'got the credit for the whole scheme ol retrenchment, which was decided upon against his wishes,
and which had been delayed for a whole year by his opposition when a councillor.
tf In other words. Councillor Pollock won the first round,
but the Reeve got the newspaper decision. Furthermore,
he swallowed liis medicine so nicely did our foxy friend,
that with the exception of Councillor Pollock, the whole
Council decided that the Reeve had been sobered by the responsibility of his; office. But Pollock was too well acquainted with him to admit even the possibility of such a
conversion.
tf It may have happened bul if it did, he fell from grace so
quickly that he will never be able to remember his experience. The big job went through while everybody (again
excluding Pollock) was happy. Tlie loan was negotiated.
tf Three rousing cheers were given for the Reeve by his
supporters of the press. They cheered at the Hall and in
the first edition of their issued papers after the meeting
and every time they think about it, they cheer again, because South Vancouver has been saved from government
intervention and a quiet life; there will still be good news
pickings and one of them, at least, will not lose his power
in the various offices at the hall. These press men are a
human lot and they take a brotherly interest in the affairs
of the municipality. They cheer the drooping spirits of the
officials with a retrenchment racket and boost like the mischief when chances look good for one of the "boys" to get
a raise.
Si
rtght'r   Besides
tidder, we added
���arcst the middle
sn't that whal a
li< x il Trustee fi >r
job lot* a thousand dollars less ami do
i say.-* Stevens, we didn't pick the highes
up tbe total bids and the man who came
average got the job. Wasn't that fair?
School Trustee ought to do? What's a
if he cau'i do a little figuring?
tf And besides again, chips in Robertson���the high bid vvas
ribbon-tied in a fancy box aud the low bid had a string on
n. We could have saved a thousand dollars, but the offer
w*is oiih gootl for the duration of the war. What's the use
fit* saying money when you don't know how long the war is
going to last ? *
tf After the example in arithmetic cain,e a lesson in simplified spelling. Vou are allowed two guesses at the identity
of the simple speller. 1 mean the professor in simplified
Spelling.
wil-
% Somebody didn't speak up and the professor, always
ling to lend a hand, repeated the missing word.
tf "Health���health." lie said���"HELTH," now you know
how to spell it.   Everybody has been spelling it wrong up
until now. ..    .
tf Incidentally we have not been asked to do so, but we wdl
tell it in spite of that. That loan is in the hands of Councillor Mengel, and he has earmarked it and otherwise caressed it and refuses to let it into the hands of anybody else,
not even those who wish to safeguard the interests of the
ratepayers by strengthening the sinking fund. It will take
an injunction to pry tfee precious thing from his possession
and those who have pressing and necessary improvements
in view will incur the serious displeasure of Councillor
Mengel if they so much as mention the word to him. So
remember it is his loan, and don't bother him. !_$
p r TWO
THE  STANDARD
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1917
Canadian Independence
Being a Letter from a Lady on The Alien Influence in Our Seats of
Learning; and a brief reply thereto
By Donald Downie, Barrister-at-law
Note.���1 had the honor to receive
today���after many other unexpected
marks of approval from distinguished
iiuarters���Ihc following simple, timely and ardent British sentiments on
our complacent Americauisatioir.
And I take the liberty ��� which I
Jiope the lady will forgive���of publishing this one without previous permission. The inconvenience of distance must bc my apology. The very
pertinent observations and convictions of this gentle patriot lose nothing of their value by the fact that she
belongs to a family that furnished
a Governor-General to Canada in the
last century. Apart from that disadvantage they arc all right. There are
some other considerations besides this
widespread and intelligent approval,
that confirm and console an old observant student in these necessary and
earnest protests, for the British purity of our language and our letters,
our history and our manners, and our
schopls. One is always encouraged
in a purely national matter like this
by the impertinent resentment of
aliens. And although pained and a-
mazed by the evasions of a certain
press, he is honored and reassured by
the irrelevant disapproval of Mr. Sidney M. Benton.
But paircJpn me for standing so
long in front of thc lady. Let her
speak for herself now. Obviously she
is able. And let me also insert here
the brief reply to which she is entitled.
D. I).
"Bring Him Victorious; Long to
reign over us" would he, to say the
least, embarrassing.
Training our Boys
Now I admit that our boys are not
to blame. It was not their fault that
in all thc mental possessions and previous intellectual training of these rising young Canadians���that international relations and the political history of liurope, and the place and
power and importance of tlieir own
grcat Empire and "its rude island story" were heretofore somewhat vague,
secondary, neglected and ill-defined.
That Canadian history was not even
taught in their high schools. That
on the other hand, by press associations, books, theatres, libraries and
magazines, they were daily and falsely fed on republican superiority and
told of "the Great Statesmen of Tennessee." No. The wonder is���and
the glory of it���to find in that vast
young army of Crusaders and enthusiasts, so many gallant cavaliers
whose fathers even were not born in
Britain.
Before the outbreak of thc war, on
my return from Europe, I have found
it almost impossible to induce teachers, editors, or publicists to give space
we shall be treated hereafter always with an increasing and
unfeigned respect by mir very commercial and distinguished neighbors,
from whom we had received heretofore���and deserved���only an arrogant condescension, not easily distinguishable from contempt, For now
we have shown them "the metal of
our pastures." And there we have received, from the very highest ipiar-
ters, the very highest praise. I'or unlike the President, we did not vacillate; we did not fear the foreign vote.
Wc took a prompt decision. And, like
most first impulses, it was the best.
While they arc still halting between
two opinions. And he who hesitates
is lost. Some credulous people imagine that thc American government
really wish to make war and common
cause with us. I don't believe it.
Though it is a common danger. And
danger, it is true, does sometimes
make strange rapprochments. And
it may happen. To use thc rude and
forceful humor of an unfashionable
poet, you probably do not read, although he has been called by the critics, the most celebrated Englishman
of the eighteenth century���they might
say���
"Great  dangers   lay  all   old   resentments level,
When a man's country's going to the
devil."
No German-American War
Not  that  there  is  any danger  of
real war between the States and Germany.   Though they may perhaps declare  "that  a  state  of  war  exists."
Americano-phobe, Nor am I. Nor
anyone in Canada that I know. Everyone wishes well to the United
States. And of all peoples the American is the most dangerous to generalize upon. When you have travelled leisurely with an open mind,
in forty-eight states of the Union,
you are inclined to say that tliere are
forty-eight types of American. Ihis not a race anil nation, lie is a
composite community.
From Milwaukee to Atlanta; from
the course and beer-drinking Prussian
swashbuckler in the Northwest states
up to the gentlest, soft-toned and
sympathetic Southerner of our own
old British stock; from Boston down
to St. Louis; you have cvery mentality, tone and manner, culture, hereditary, color and previous condition of servitude. They arc all mixed
in that crucible and melting pot
whence their voters and their king
makers come; and thence our teachers
and our magazine writers and our
bookmakers arc extracted for us.
And of all these divers, and interesting ingredients in that crucible, the
rude, materialistic German element
is the worst.
The Melting Pot
The Slav is a religious idealist. The
Latin is an artist. The Austrian is
saved by his restraining attachment
to a church, and the Scandinavian element there, though much spoiled by
German contact and education, has
many of the sea-faring, manly virtues
of our own Norseman maritime pro-
mm^iw ��� > v-: ;?&$Y��& ���;-���������f ���' k*3 mm*w-M
"ii
Lennoxvillc, P. Q.,
31st January, 1917.
To Donald Downie, Esq.,
Barrister, Vancouver,  II. C.
Dear Sir:
Your article in the Daily SUN
on "The Poisoning of Sacred Springs"
has been sent to tis by tllc Honorable
F. Aylmer of Chase. We think the
principle a most important one, and
your treatment of it very convincing.
And I am writing at my husband's
suggestion (lion. Sheriff Aylmer of
St. Francis District) to ask you to
make your views more widely known
than by merely a newspaper article in
one locality. Perhaps you have done
this already, and if so you .will please
pardon mc for addressing you on the
subject, hi Ollf Province wo need a
rebuke ami a warning just as much
as they do in llie West. Bishops College School here has several American teachers on its staff, and though
it aims at English methods and traditions in its plan of organization, its
influence in the district does not actively promote a taste lor English
literature in otir' public library, and
in our government schools, In a really superior store here, for instance,
I could find no hoys' and girls' books
for Christmas presents except American publications, with the scenes of
tales laid in the Stales; and their tone
.-mil their comicalities entirely reflecting the lack of culture; for which, as
:i new country, they cannol he censured, hut yet may be '"Id they ought
not to wish to teach. Xow that lhe
war is on, and so many of our dear
Canadian boys are learning the F.ng-
lish point of view. I think the opportunity would he favorable for encouraging a taste for English books: and
it seems as if you, and others like ymi,
might help the rest of us to bring this
aboul.
Sincerely ami gratefully yours,
BLANCHE AYLMER.
Scene in Yards of Cameron-Genoa Mills Shipbuilders, Victoria, where four vessels will be
turned out this year
or lead lo llieir readers or lhe
ses on that must absorbing t
"international politics"; and on
ropean coming and current event!
was tnlil lhat they would not he
teresteil, in tllis���sport of Kings,
r clas-
pic of
n   l-'.u-
Our Timidity
io that delicate question
u and I are recklessly tl is-
lore���why they would not
on  any  account.    The  live
Blanche
P. Q.
Aylmer,
In
id   of
A REPLY
To ihe
Honorable Mrs
Lennoxvillc
Dear Madam:
Vni are absolutely right,
the centre of Ihe Empire and
France, a lew hundred tliousani
our hest boys and bravest, are taking
at this moment, a rude post graduate
course in Imperialism and Love of
Country. They have bathed in that
old world culture. They have felt
all their patriotic inspirations and traditions stimulated at the spring, -and
reinforced at the very cradle of our
race. And they are apt pupils; and
alert-minded and observant. What
shall they say then, when they return here to find thd Chairs of History still held, and the classes still
taught by professors who cannot consistently join them in singing "Clod
Save   the   King'""      To   whom     the
Ami   ;
which y
cussing
touch   it
question of Ihis insidious ami peaceful penetration nl' llu- weaker country
*���or, I might lo say, the younger and
less populous one. Thai steady and
unconscious absorption of all our traditional llritish spirit and distinction.
For tlic German - American school
master was already abroad. And the
German spies from Seattle with Haron Alvcnslebeii at tlieir head were
entrenched here as if in a conquered
country. And the reasons timidly
given for all this pro-Americanism
were not quite elevated, nor very
clearly ayowable.
They were only box-office reason-:
commercial reasons; reasons of convenience; and of social delicacy. They
���still exist. The editor who inserted
my harmless protest, which pleased
ymi. was waited on at once by an indignant deputation from the American Woman's Club. And so he may
be silenced.    Wily.
Revolution
The husiness, educational, lil-
, theatrical, social and political
if Canada when the war inler-
I,   was   already   more   than   half
No
erary
life i
vcnei
transformed. Nothing short of a revolution could arrest the process. Hut
the revolution has come. The more
powerful���I mean the more populous
���country had evidently decreed, like
Louis Quatorze, "There shall be no
more Pyrenees." And the national
barriers were down. But this world
revolution has very properly erected
them again. International German
Socialism had done its work. The war
has given our frontiers again. We
are none the less on terms
of    peace     and      friendship.        But
Jlut   they   come   too   late   into  ;
ami      a      world      too      old.
rupture     is     only     a      threat,
Kaiser     and     the     President
playing to their peoples;  In th
war
This
Tlie
are
gali-
vvar
a .deforced
1
NEW   BOOKS   JUST   IN
MEN, WOMEN AND GUNS
By Sapper.   Price $1.25.
RHYMES OF A RED CROSS MAN.   By Robert Service.   Price $1
,ih M G.   A.   FORSYTH ���&   CO.
BOOK
SHOP
Corner Homer and Hastings St.
h-ry.- Even a declaration o
would not amount lo more tha
claraiion. It would be merely
on a prii-C.erinan president by a
strong and saving remnant ni public
opinion. True, lhe remnant is led,
as we see, by the very elite of intellect ami culture���by Root ami Ro.bse-
vell. by Choate and Lodge, by 'I'al'l
and Justice Kiddell and James VV.
Beck, and the president of Bowdoin
College.
The Best Americans
W'e have deep respect for lliese
and all their schools of thought, But
they constitute a special class. W'e
have many ol theni here with us.
They are 'sympathetic. We admire
and welcome them. But evidently,
they are not the ruling class; nor Unpeople; nor tlie Government of the
republic. Due would not hesitate to
take one of these names we have
mentioned for a chair of literature or
philosophy. But could it lie said as
well that if Woodrow Wilson or Stan-
Jordan or Bryan were temporarily
disengaged that they would be fit
and proper candidates for tllis chair
of history?
The Excuse
A distinguished editor and scholar
(not always synonymous terms I has
answered me by this irrelevancy:
"that there are leu times as many
Canadian professors teaching in the
United Slates." Which shows, firsi
of all, that we have a plethora, and
need not import them. And furthermore, that as they go from the Ifm-
pire, and home and birthplace of bur
letters and culture and history and
government, tliey can only do good
missionary work by propagating
truth. Rut that the mother land and
tongue and history cannot look for
its teachers to the Germanized provincial atmosphere of America: where
they have long since cut the painter
from all our best traditions, and instead of propagating truth they
would only be propagating error. The
Sorbonne might just as 'veil send to
Quebec for a professor of French literature; or the Conservatoire de Paris engage a professor of diction in
Montreal to train the ���members of
the  Comcdie F'rancaise.
The Typical Americans
Obviously,   Madame,   you   are     no
The British Columbia Life
Assurance Company
Financial Statement
Balance Sheet as at December
31, 1916
ASSETS.
Bonds and  Debentures. ...$ 82,483.10
Mortgages      124,040.40
Cash on hand and in Bank    16,856.55
Real Estate        4.732.60
Loans on Policies (Secured
by Legal Reserve)     29,171.55
Outstanding  and   Deferred    ���
Premiums  (Reserves   included in  Liabililicsfl.ess
Commissions)    22,151.20
Interest Due and Accrued.    13,539.08
Balance Due for Premium
on Stock       4,310.33
Furniture and Fixtures at
Head Office, and Branches  (less depreciation)   ..     3,950.89
$301,235.70
genitprs. The Celt gives humor lo
the mixture, anil poetry. Bui whatever element there is selfish, arrogant,
assertive, and ridiculous in ihe body
politic, that is Teutonic. On behalf
of ihe greal body of excellent and
sympathetic people iu tlic United
States, I make l>"lii. from observation, t" say, that almost everything
objectionable, overbearing ami vulgar that is found there, in life ami
manners and ideals, conies from thai
targe (.eniian element in the lilu'nl.
Hence our pardonable interest in
their influences, process ami treatment; iu their raw nialeri.il, ami educated product. Heine coiiics'Sall tiiat
is materialistic in llieir daily dollar-
chusiug religion, Hence we see lhe
tortuous course of a president wlm
owes 1" this element his election, ami
thai, with Bernstorff, he has only half
shaken off. And hence we see lhal
lhe last, dishonest, canting pacifist influence prevailing among an otherwise intelligent people, thai max one
day be a great influential nation, but
that today; in Canada, we say il without malice, are no more needed in
mir armies than in our schools.
Training Citizens
What a pity lhat ,lhe poor Castle
Garden crowd of grown-up children,
more varied in race than the Austrian
Empire, could nol be sent first of all
to Boston or Savannah or Xew Orleans lor a kindergarten course in order to get their elementary lessons
in the real tongue and tone and'manner and ideals of thc race that our
forefathers  planted  there.
But on lhe contrary, it is mostly
with the forceful German in the slums
of the big cities and in all the pushful Western communities from Ellis
Island to the Pacific Coast that he
proceeds to pick up his slang, his arrogance, and his acecnt, and to perfect
his social and political views. sThat
is the source. Xow can any good
thing come out of that Teutonizcd
Nazareth, for our language or our letters our policies or our art.
Pardon me, madam, I have abused
your patience. I have taken advantage of your good faith. If you think
that the periodicals that you mention
in your P. S. are already aroused and
interested and receptive of such views
as you endorse, tht.il 'I give you gladly
the permission to spread them for.
whatever tliey may be worth. Women are more brave than moil are t*
morally. You are evidently doing your
part for your country. There are
more ways than one.
RECEIPTS.
First Vear Premiums (Less
Re-assurance)    $ 13,136.95
Renewal   Premiums   (Less
Re-assurance)        75,282.42
Interest Receipts       10.384.29
Net Real Estate Income .. 99.15
S 98,902.81
LIABILITIES.
Reserve    on    Policies    iu
1-orce    %\77,472.0b
Premiums Paid in Advance        360.PS
Surrender    Values     claimable  on   (Cancelled   Pol- 'I
icies)          3,9/te.0fl '
Re-assurance   Outstanding.      3,845.65
Sundry Accounts Outstanding             624.51
Taxes    Accrued   and   outstanding          1,452.39
Capital      100,000.0(1
Investment  Reserve  Fund.    13,504.30
$301,235.70
DISBURSEMENTS.
Policyholders    $ 31,056.75
Taxes, Licences, etc  1,761.10
Salaries   and   Expenses   at
Head Office   10,820.80
Commissions    and     Other
Agency  Expenses     23,915.88
Advertising,   Printing,   Stationery, Postage, etc.  ... 2,392.66
Medical Fees   1,962.00
Office Furniture   289.92
Express,    Telegrams,    and
Telephones      364.13
Rent and Light    1,567.65
Appraisement  Expenses   .. 32.50
Legal  Expenses     2,050.43
llalanc
$ 76,213.82
.    22.688,l��
$ 98,902.81
W. F, CURELL,
Secretary.
__,. W. SHATFORD,
President and Managing Director.
We have made a continuous audit of your books and records for the year
ending December 31st, 1916, and certify that in our opinion the above Balance
Sheet is drawn so as to fairly show the position of the Company as disclosed
by the honks ami lhe Actuarial Report.
KENDALL, BAKR & Co.,
Auditors.
I beg lo reuort that I have valued the Insurance in force as at December
31st, 191b, aud have found the net reserve after deducting the allowance for
expenses authorised by the Insurance Act amounting to $177,472.00. Tin-
valuation was made on the Ohl (51 ,H_ ',i Table, lhe basis prescribed by lhe
Insurance Act.
Tlje insurance in force amounted to $2,623,241.
C. C. SINCLAIR. A.A.S.
DIRECTORS' REPORT.
Your Directors beg In present their Report for the year ending 3(ltli December, 1916, together wiih ,i Financial Statement of the Company,
INSURANCE ISSUED    $502,663.00
I N'SUR W\'CK   I V   FORCE*    !.t,23:2-i\.0'l
INCOME     .. t��."oi.si made up as followk;
First year premiums, less re-assurance $13,136.95
Renewal  Preriiiums, less re-assurance    75,282.42
Interest      10,384.29
Net  Real Estate Income          99.15
The premium income is a notable feature of Our report, while the interesl.
receipts can bd considered satisfactory ami represent ,i yield of "'_'.'.
Expenses.��� The year's expenses amounted to $45,157.07. as compared with
JCf_.0fl9.59 in 1915, while, the income remains practically the same.   This large
reduction in expense has been broughl aboul with due regard to efficiency and
soiiiid progress ami should be rejy&rdfed as very gratifying indeed.
Death Losses^?? 12,448.75 from the followingrcauses:
War     S'Uol.25
-* Accidental    2,1X7.50
Natural     i.ooo.oo
The niortalii.. was -..-i.J.i of the expected but the losses by deaths apart
from those caused In   the uar were remarkably smalt.
Total Assets���$301,235.70, being an increase over the previous year of
$9,280,371
Security to Policyholders���The percentage of assets to the present liability to policy hohiers is 156, and including thc reserve liability of shareholders
in respect of subscribed bul uncalled capital amounting to $900,000,00, this
percentage is o()4
Surplus.���$.'.751.20. which your Directors have deemed wise to transfer to
the Investment Reserve Fund, making thai fund now the substantial amount
of $13,504.30, It will be recalled lhat in (915 the deficit iii the year's opera-
lions amounted i" $4,387.05,
Actuarial The Insurance in force has been valued by Mr. (', C. Sinclair,
B.A., A.A.S. of Tlie Greal West Life Assurance Company of Winnipeg, who
has certified to the correctness of the Policy Reserve,
Having regard to the losses' by deaths caused by the war and to all other
conditions, yoilr Directors consider the statetsieni presented highly satisfactory.
!.. W. SHATFORD.
President.
Thanks also lor your very amiable
appreciation.. ,
It is possible that some small good
may come, if wc have only known
how to express, in language which
everyone can understand, some sentiments in which every one is interested.
1 have the honor to remain. Madam,
with the confidence that better times
are  coming,  for  our Empire and  for
us.
Sincerely yours,
Canadian Northern Railway
TRANSCONTINENTAL
LEAVES VANCOUVER1
DIM) A. M. Sl'JlniV WHDXKSDtY FIHDAY, 0.00 A.M.
SCENIC   ROUTE   HETWEEN   VANCOUVER  AND   TORONTO        SHORT
LINE  Til   EDMONTON  AND  PRAIHIE  POINTS     NEW  AND  MODRPV
EQUIPMENT.       ELECTRIC     LIGHTED     STANDARD    AW)     TOIJHTW
SLftBPINO, DINING AND COMPARTMENT I llWlAfvATION CARS
DAILY'   LOCAL    SEHVIOtt
T.(10 p.m.     I...;iv,.   ...   VAN  VI.I.   ....Arrive a.m   1100
t MB p.m.    Arm-,-      ..   chlJMwirefc    Arrive ,urn     s'15   :
01.00 p.m.    Arrive    H.,,,..    .Leave ___��.    7.0(1
Full parti, man mi y be 1 fa aim*. .mm any Canadian Northern Agent
DISTIIICT   rASSI_N-;i:H   Ol'l-M-K   ���   BO*   HASTINGS'STREET   WEST
Fhom   Seymour 2482
��� ���     ��� i SATURDAY,  FEBRUARY  24.  1917
.4
THE STANDARD
THREE
Mr. T. II. Gordon, of Nelson, B. C,
is ..siting in the city.
* * *
Mr. J. F. Clark has gone over lo
Victoria for a  few days' holiday.
* *  *
Mr. ami Mrs. J. S. Nae. of Wetaski-
vvii, Alia, are visiting at the Coast.
* *  +
Mr. J. fi. McGowan aud family, of
Treherne, Man., are visiting lhe coast
cities.
* *  *
Miss Scott is amongst the Vancouver people who spent the week-end at
Victoria.
* *   *
Mrs. W'aite and Mrs. Crumble-
hi-.bue, of Calgary, are visiting the
coast cities.
t.  *  *
Mrs. Pimlott has gone over to Victoria lo spend a short holiday visiting
with  friends.
* ft    i|:
Boston is lo have a twelve-story
building,   costing  $650,000,     lor     the
Women's board of trade.
Mr. and Mrs. Ruse Smith and little
Son, of Seattle, will be visitors in the
city for the next few weeks.
* t  t
Nurse Cordon, of the Vancouver
General hospital, has returned to the
city after visiting in Nanaimo.
* * *
Mrs. W. J. Ilcfferson, 1(152 Melville
street,   has   as   her   guest   her   sister.
Mrs. A. ]���'. Oakley, of Prince  Kupcrt.
* ii-  *
Mrs. F. Nosworthy has left for Xelson, B. C, to join her husband, who
is superintending the installation of
the British Columbia Telephone Company's switchboard in its new building there.
Their Excellencies   tin     link,   a
Ducheio   ni   Devonshire   ami    their
younger daughters, I.ady Dorothy,
Lady Rachel and I.ady Anne, attended the first presentation ol the
Canadian war film pictures in < )t-
tawa this week.
Mr. and Mrs. (',. Lehman, o Cl
gary, who have been spending the
past week ai the coast, have left foi
I."- Angeles,  where they will  spemi
'lie balance of tin' winter with Mr.
Lehman's parents, Mr. ami Mrs. II
Lehman.
Women wind iw dressers    are    re-
ug much  praise    from    London
firms  who nave introdui ed tl
* *  *
Mrs.   Wilson   bas   ri to   I ���
i it) after spending some time i;.
aim... where -In- was the guesl of Mrs.
Dumvo   .
* * *
Mr. ami Mr- Kay E, W.II-. who
have been residing at Chilliwack, have
arrived in the city to take up their
residem i   In rr.
* # *
Mr-. Sali. alio has been spending
the past im-mili iii the city visiting
with   friend-,   has   returned    to   her
home in  Seattle.
r   t   ft
Mi-- Symes, of Grand Forks, B. (.'..
i- visiting with friends in the city.
Later, she will leave for Taenia.
where she will visit fur some time
before  returning home.
The "Margaret Haney" successfully launched at the yards of the Cameron - Genoa Mills
Shipbuilders, Victoria
Mr-. .1. A. Sutherland has returned Mr. M. M. Morrison, wlm has been! Mr-. J. .1. Smith, of Rochester X
to her home at Ashcroft. after visit- spending a couple of weeks visitfhgI Y., claims lo have fed her famiiy during with relatives in  Haney ami Van-   in the city, has returned to his home  ing all  of  last  year  ou   meals  winch
couver.
*  * *
Miss Gladys Walker, who lias been
visiting with friends in the city for
some time, has returned to her home
in Ashcroft.
at  Penticton,
st "illy seven cents each,
* *  *
Mr. ami Mrs. C. S. Noble ami fam-      Mr. ami Mrs. I). Garfield, of Moose
My,   ami   Mrs.   White,   of   Xoblcford. j.law, who have been spending several
Vita., are amongst the prairie visitor;
jat the coast.
LIMITED
Store Opens at 8.30 a.m. and Closes at 6 p m.
WEEK-END  NEWS  FOR
"STANDARD"   READERS
THESE WOMEN'S UNDERSKIRTS   THE SMART WAISTS for SPRING
Only $1.98
$4.48
���and ihey would be good value at one-third more.
Made of good heavy quality sateen, with smart ac-
dordion pleated flounce, finished with small frill,
fastened al side front and with draw string at back.
Colors of ro/e, black, white, cerise, saw ami wisteria.
Values lo $2.51) for  $1.98
��� Really it'.- wonderful how pretty they are making
waists now-a-days. and these rank with llie smartest
we've seen for many moons. Made of fine shadow
lace, lined throughout will', dainty colored ninon or
silk, and finished with .-mart collar ami long sleeves
with  flare cttiif..
Another style i.-. made of good quality pussy willow
silk iii smart Paisley pattern, with collar and cuffs
of white washable satin.   Special  $4.48
FOUR   NEW   COTTON   SUITINGS  JUST   ADDED   TO   STOCK
Popular Weaves ��� Popular Prices ��� Anticipate Your Wants
Colored Sandown  Cloth���a linen weave in pretty colors, 36 inch.- wide.    Sky. pink. saw. old
Fine Mercerized  Poplins iu new
pretty colors, 411 inches wide
ami tin:.
29c yard
 69c
Cotton Repps���a heavy-weight, highly mercerized���nearly   like  -iii.- ;t   splendid  wearing   cord   .suiting   in
sport colors.    Cold, emerald, pink, tan, brown, Copenhagen ami white.    40 ins. wide,    ('.real value. 79c
English  Bedford Cords���in beautiful soft colorings���pink, sky, green, saxe, amethyst, grey, navy and white
42 inches wide      79c
A HOST OF NOVELTIES IN THE SILK DEPARTMENT
THE SMARTEST STRIPED TAFFETAS SEEN FOR MANY A DAY
Several patterns in these extremely fashionable Taffeta Silks just opened up. The colors are charming,
the effects fascinating, and ihey are positively up to the minute in style.
White grounds with lovely colored stripes, and dark grounds such as navy, myrtle, brown, saxe. "Id
rose and black, etc., with contrasting stripes. Prices moderate too for such novelties���all .% inches wide.
$1.95, $2.25, $2.50, and $2.75.
BUTTERICK PATTERNS FOR MARCH ��� NOW  IN   STOCK
For satisfaction���for very best results���and for simplicity in detail, the "Butterick" pattern service is
the best in the world. It is the universal pattern service for all nations.
The March Delineators are on sale now at 15c copy, and the Butterick Quarterly with a 15c coupon
at 25c.   With the aid of these Dressmaking becomes a pleasure.
The Butterick Fashion Sheets for March arc now here.    Ask for your copy���It is free to all.
WOMEN'S   COMBINATIONS
Now $1.28
WOMEN'S PURE WOOL
SWEATER COATS for $5.98
tv't,.i��� ���t      ~    j        in       ~���i  ..-  .. ��  tt i ���   Knitted  in  plain  stitch, having pockets and  sash
Made of a good qual ty wool mixture, with high r 1 i -i   i      i    c i      i i
������ |        ' *    *-��� "*�� of same weave, while a wide band of brush wool is
neck, long sleeve and ankle length���also with square used for military* collar, cuffs and bottom of coat.
neck, half sleeve and knee length.    Medium sizes W���th thef arf ** f.ew a" J?rtt.sh wool coats with roll
0 collar and sash.   Assorted sizes, and actually worth
only.    Regular $1.75 value.   Special for $1.28 to $9.50.   A bargain at  $5.98
weeks visiting here, have now left for
California, where they will Spend the
balance of llu- winter,
* + *
Mr. and Mrsj Charles J, Row-
boihani (nee Miss Irene Eickhoff),
who have been spending their honeymoon in Victoria, have returned to
the city and have taken up their residence at 3429 First avenue west. '
* * *
The engagement has been announced   of   l.lcainlr   Cleveland-,   daughter
J of Mr. Charles William l.li.crl.in. formerly of Vancouver, to Dr. Vaughan
E. Black of Moose Jaw, thv u trriage
to take place ai Parrsboro, Nova Scotia, on March 28.
Mr. A. George Burton, president of
the Canadian - American Grain  Company.   Limited,   Montreal,     ami     ex-
president   of  the   Montreal   Corn   exchange, is in the ciiy, accompanied bylvicissil
Mrs.   Burton.    Mr.  ami  Mrs.   Burton whei
Fashion's Newest
Millinery
(pj VISIT to the Millinery Department at
this time affords the best possible opportunity to become acquainted with the
prevailing modes for Spring. The new hats
are here in an extensive variety of prac -Lai
and artistic designs and there is ample scope
for selection at the price you desire to pay.
The showing is particularly interesting
throughout and should be seen by all who
delight in viewing new Fashions.
575 GRANVILLE ST.       Phone Sey. 3540
THE QUEEN OF ITALY
When Royal romance is mentioned
in times to come, no figure will have
greater power to stir the heart than
that of this Serbian Queen of Italy.
Of perfect poise of race and grace,
of health and marvellous beauty, she
is called the imi5t beautiful queen,
except the world-beloved Queen Alexandra, ami the Empress Eugenie
wher she uas young. There ha- been
a large ami even course of development in Queen Elena's life, a natural
reposeful unfolding.
This has been true tloTii-jh all  its
since   the     simple   days
i   tall   young    girl   with   a
THE  FUTURE PRINCE  OF
WALES
are  on   tlieir   way  home   from   a   tour gun, she went out for game  wiih  her
of the Pacific coast, and arc the guests i brothers  among  her  nativ.    Montene
of   the   hitter's   sister.   M
Lloyd,  Robson street.
f   *  *
I lerbert
grin  crags���then  when  sin-  shone  as
an accomplished ahd briliant princess
at tin  splendid  Russian  court, where
The   Clan   MacLean   so   ety    heldlshe was educated; when she came to
their firsl - icial in ;he Eagles' build- Venice ami fell in love with the aus-
ing on   Monday  night,  lhat   ; iok   the  fere young  Prince of Piedmont,  who
" had  coldly   turned  away   from   even
form of a whisl drive and dance.   Th
stormy  night   prevented    the    usual
large numbers from attendh _     Prizt
Prim-ess who had been proposed to
him as consort, but win on heboid I
winners were: Miss MOnccur and Mr.lin... the young Serb Diana, had been
Hockley, Consolations went to Miss instantly enraptured uith her beauty
Drummond and Mr. P. Shewan. The and her stacliness of character; later.
next cjan social will be lhe eighth an-'ris a beauteous ami ten,ler mother i f
niversary supper ami ball on March a family inheriting her graces ;.-
27.    Dancing will bc iu the spacious well as those of Savoy; as an angel of
succour   to   the   poor   ami   stlfferin
igoing to their humble homes througi
According   to   the   statements     of out the land wherever they were ov.e
ball room in the Eagles' buildin
* * *
King George is in a very real sense
of the word a good democrat. He is
I lie very opposite of the Kaiser in his
perception of the change in modern
sentiment toward.-, kingship. He has
never departed by a hair's breadth
irom thv constitutional doctrine of
kingship, If anything, he has erred
on the side of modesty, reticence, ami
self-abnegation. Ile has pushed simplicity to its extremes! point. If the
Hritish Empire were a Republic, it
could not posibly elect a President
with a character more austere, more
unselfish, or more averse from posturing in the limelight. The Court
of King Georgi a d Queen Mary is
every whit as simple and as pure as
ihe household of any republican president that ever breathed. The White
Courl "i llritain need not fear comparison uiti. the White House at
Washington. In saying ihi-. I am
not using thc languagi of the courtiers: ! am sa* in** v hal i verybody
knows t" be true.
Do   ht n- undervalue our White
i'.'���.:;���:     i: is _; ling ;���   be a great power in tlu- perilous days   eforc us. The
j people will then know its virtues more
irly. and ihey will reverence them
re earnestlv.    I Ither landmarks of
rfiudson'sfiaytfompanu
JMOWPOIWCT H��Q
h��K��T��� MMUGC SWnaHHISMWty
GRANVILLE AND GEORGIA STREET
PHON El MY. tOO
MacDONALD & HAY
Barruten, Solicitor!, Etc.
1012 Standard Bank BMf.
Vucwm, B.C.
he  Constitution  may  vanish, but the
��� duty will burn brightly in the Royal house.   And 1 am confident  that  if  the   Hritish  people  ask
for an all-British wife for the Prince
of Wafes they will be forcing an open
ena bas come  to be  in  the minds  oil door.   So   far   as   King   George     and
the Italian people an image of saintly Queen Mary are concerned.    The fu-
iovc and true majesty. ture of thc dynasty in any case is. se-
She has shown herself able to un-jc��re, for we arc too republican to dc-
derstand womanhood, manhood, and sire a republic, seeing that our mon-
childhood in their essential dignity,
and has given a new and more exalted meaning to the word "Queen." In
her beautiful natural way she has
helped all social interests and performed services to the State, for in
her person has many a golden bond
been welded for the perfecting of Italian unity.
Count   Johann   von   Bernstorff,   until taken with disaster or calamity: and the l'"n*-l'tm
recently  German  ambassador  to  the finally  among  the   falling  walls  sm;.Ml'"|.vf,MU'
United   Stales,     his     only   daughter, columns  of  the   Messina  earthquake,
Countess Louise Alexandra Pourtales,  exposed   to  all  its  perils  and  terrors
widow of Count Raymond Pourtales, as s'u, helped rescue the wounded ami
is  to  marry  Prince   Lowenstein,  said  dying from  the  wreckage, Queen  El
to bc a member of one of the mediatized   Bavarian   lines.     The   wedding-
will   take   place   in   the   spring.       As
Countess  Louise  von  Bernstorff.   the
Countess  Pourtales was presented to
society   in   Washington   in   1910,  and
became   a  great  favorite.     Her  marriage to Count Pourtales. an attache
of the  German  embassy,  took  place
there in   1911. with  Miss Helen Taft
as one of the bridesmaids.   Two years
later  the   Count  was  transferred  to
Berlin, and eventually was one of the
early victims of the war.
archy gives us all the advantages and
none nf the disadvantages of republican institutions. But if anything
could add to the stability of the British throne it would be the union of
the Prince of Wales with a British
wife. Then our descendants would
not be saddled with a royal cousin-
hood that looks like an invasion.
#RAIL TICKETS TO ALL POINTS
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Ltoaa
C E. J��nii��y, O. A. F. D.
Pkaat: Uf. SIM
W. 0. Canoflf, C. P. W.
SKI
^...
ark
t,. .?�� FOUR
THE  STANDARD
SATURDAY.  FEBRUARY  24,   191/
SIR SAM AND HIS EGO
By H. F. Gadsby
Ottawa, Feb, IS.���To discriminating
was the clash between the Iwo hard
boiled Egoi���Sir Sam's and Sir Tho
mart's. It has always been conceded
that Sir Sam doesn't just exactly
hate himself, but the Finance Minister
adores himself with passion tenderer
still.
Sir Sam's ego was under some restraint. He was explaining why the
Conservative party loved him so
much that it kicked him down stairs.
Moreover he was explaining under
difficulties. Sir William Mackenzie
had been down during the week and
had removed his detonators. Likewise the Government was not disposed to let Sam go too far without
taking a crack back. Altogether
Mars was under wraps, but his Ego
pranced well just the same.
When Sir Sam got up to speak,
perhaps ten faithful souls broke into
applause. When he sat down he got
a full round from his side of the
House. Everybody seemed relieved,
including Sam, that nothing had been
said that could back-fire. Sam made
it quite plain that he wouldn't join
the Liberal party because its principles were repugnant to him, and also,
no doubt, because, as he was a Liberal many years ago before he was a
Conservative, he couldn't very well
join it again. As Winston Churchill
says, "You can rat once, but you
cawn't retreat, don't you know."
Sam also made it plain that he didn't want to leave the dear old Conservative party so long as there vvas a
chance of him becoming a Cabinet
minister again. Sir Sam is under advisement that there is to be a shake-
up which will shake Premier Borden
out and that then is his chance. If
he gets thrown down then be can go
out and form a Third Party and become Premier along that route. He
can easily fix- it up with Billy Maclean, who has a third party, too, but
would lump it in with Sir Sam's if
Hilly Maclean was made Finance
Minister. 'Let W. F. handle the revenues of the country and he doesn't
give a hoot who makes the laws.
If things don't go just right Sir
Sain bas ambition and the Third Party to back him up. Also hope springs
sternal in the human .breast and, besides, Sam has forty thousand lithographs of himself with a battle background, and that ought to he good
campaign literature, if the Third Party ever has to make a start.
Working under hobbles, though it
did Sam's ego made fairly good going. The letters he quoted ��� no
doubt written by himself to himself���
gave full credit to his great qualities
of mind and heart. The letter trick
is a good one. A letter can often
say for you what you can't say for
yourself. It shows that Sam has had
a newspaper training. They frequently do that in a newspaper office���set Justitia, and Veritas and
Pro Bono Publico going, flic whole
tribe being only the editor under pen
disguises.     Sam's   letters   arc   taken
for whai ihey are worth. They have
the general tone of lhe letters written by Sam from South Africa, Incidentally Sam fought and won the
Boer war all over again���this time
without the assistance of his man Tur-
pin,
Sam also analyzed his own faults.
Ile frankly admitted that he had
faults. What great man hasn't? lie
had a quick temper���like N'apolcon.
He didn't mention N'apolcon. to be
sure, but he left the comparison to be
inferred. And he was autocratic ���
like Julius Caesar, or Alexander the
Great. But let that pass. What did
Sam dq when he was in the Militia
Department? And here his Ego had
full scope. Sam told the wonderful
story over again. How he had stripped the halos from the Hritish War
Office and put Lloyd George and the
crowd in their places and had fought
for and won Canadian control of Canadian troops overseas, and many other
deeds of high emprise, in which there
is no space to follow him here. Sam
was the whole works while he lasted
and the reason he didn't last was that
he couldn't be the whole works any
longer.   This is the whole secret.
Sam's views on the Hon, Mr. Perley, Minister of Militia Overseas, as
ornamental and superfluous, were
highly entertaining; also his opinion
of the British officer in general,and
his frank criticism, of the V. A. D.
hospitals in England as marriage bureaus, where hatchet-facedi society
spinsters who had no other chances
married our Canadian officers while
they were too weak and ill to resist.
Sam threw most of this information
into his asides and his asides are always very illuminating. Incidentally
Sam threw in a few remarks about
British Slaff Officers which vvill, no
doubt, make their hair curl when they
read them in the Canadian correspondence, shall wc say, of the London Times. It seems that they suffer, not only from the redtape worm,
but from the army worm, the hookworm, anda few'others.
Sir Sam's five years' association
wilh his Nationalist colleagues in the
Borden Cabinet have evidently had
their effect. He gave a certificate
of character to that "much misunderstood young officer, Armand Lavergne," which, of course, would mak.e
the Nationalists feel sweet as far as
it went. But alas, in the very next
sentence, lie was trampling their most
sacred doctrine underfoot and advocating conscription of the most thoroughgoing sort.
Thus and so did Sir Sam swing the
bull by the tail to the glorification of
himself and all his works. It was
when his Ego rap into Tom White's
that he invited trouble. Sam has a
fairly good Ego, but it is old and short
winded. Tom's Ego is young and
strong and quick at thd uptake. Sam,
as I remember, took four separate
cracks at the Finance Minister. You
can look them up for yourself. Hut
the one that caused trouble was when
THE EASIEST WAY TO
TELEPHONE IS BEST
It is important that you speak directly into
the telephone.
The natural, conversational tone, spoken dir-"
ectly into the mouthpiece, carries clearly to any
local telephone, and to most Long Distance
"points.
Telephone transmission is a matter of voice
DIRECTION, not voice FORCE.
he said that Sir Thomas was poking
his nose into everybody's estimates,
and how he had told Sir Thomas that
his business was to find the revenue,
and to quit meddling.
It was this assault that Sir Thomas
arose to defend himself against. He
defended himself for two reasons ���
because he wanted to take a slap at
Sam and because it was his chance lo
boost himself. Sir Tliomas made mention of "extravagant and useless expenditures." Sir Sam fairly snapped
at it. "As whal?" he fumed. "Oh,
well," said Sir Tluunas, "for example,
shovels." Of course everybody remembered the McAdam shovel wilh
lhe  bole  in  the  middle.    The  House
it to the common sense of the House
to understand' that "lily one man
could be meant. "Lack of leadership," Sir Tliomas would exclaim,
and then go on to tell all the plain
and fancy borrowing this country had
done and the trade it had built up,
You had "illy one guess as to who
was responsible for all these wonderful things. The Finance Minister disclaimed all praise, but he intimated
that history uas hanging just around
the curlier to hand him bis wreath
whet) lie came that way.
AH of which bears out lhe opening
statement of ibis article ��� that the
hard-boiled Ego simply must advertise
Ithose claiming through or under them,
land all persons claiming ,-inv Interest
in the land by descent who.se title Is
not registered under the provisions of
this Act. shall be for ever estopped and
debarred from setting up any claim to
or in respect or u1(. land so sold for
taxes, nnd the Registrar shall register
the person entitled under such tax
-ni.' us owner on th" hind so .--.ni ror
taxes. ,
.\VI> WHEREAS applications linvn
been made for CertlfldatM of tndefeaa-
ii.i.. Title to tho above - mentioned
Inn,Is. respectively, In lh,- nam.- of
ETHEL   MARY   HENRIETTJ.   JONES:
AND WHEREAS on Investigating
the titles it appears that prior l,�� lh.'
24111 day of July, 1015 (Mm dat.- on
which i hi- said lands wen- sold for
overdue taxes), you D. Dlya Slngb,
Muslim Singh and Hurl Singh were the
register.il   owners   of   Lots   ltl   and   -0,
inn] you, Dlgna Singh, were tin- as*
eeflsed owner of Lots 19 and -'0, and
you, Howard Smyth, were the assessed
owner of Lot 32.
FURTHER TAKE NOTICE that at
the same time T shall effect n-gistra- .
I
in the "Standard" for five consecutl
i..-ms)  io .i'1'.-i-t registration in pui
im'" of iln-  -iiiil application, free ii   -
the   above-mentioned   Agreement   o r
Sale,   unl.-ss   you    Hike   nnd   proseci
proper  proceeding*   to   establish   V'  ir
claim, it any, to tbe .-aid lands, or ���.-
prevent  such   proposed  action  on   i ���.
pa rt.
DATED   nt   Hi.-   Land   Registry   I    ���
lice, Vancouver, B. C, this Severn*
day ol January, A.D.,  1917.
Ai.Tliri: ii. smith,
Diatrlct Registrar,
To James A. Oram
���ri,.- duo- oi  iln- iii-si publication ������(
this noli".- Is l'THi January, 1917.'
Preliminary to laying
the keel of the big steel
steamer in the Wallace
Shipyards, North Vancouver, a huge framework had to be erected.
Inside this, the hull of
the boat is rapidly assuming shape.. In the
drydock is a freighter
being repaired. Below
are pictures in the No.
2 yard of this company,
where the auxiliary sailing ships are being built.
The first lumber carrier
to be launched on the
north shore, sliding off
the ways.
The "Mabel Brown" as
she looked in tbe yards
with her sisters, prior to
being launched.
rocked with laughter. "Yes," shouted Sam, "I knew that was what ymi
had in your mind."
Which will prompt the reader t"
ask why, if he knew tllat was what
Sir Thomas had in his mind he reached for it that way. .What a crack Tom
gave Sam with the shovel, and alter
Sam being so kind and considerate
of tlic Conservative party, tool Another sly dig was Sir Thomas' statement lhat Sir Sam had once thought
so much of him as to offer to make
him an honorary colonel. Sir Thomas refused and naturally he welcomed a chance to tell the public lhat
lie refused and thereby to acquire merit with sensible people. Even when
Sir Thomas is "paying them out"
he doesn't forget that he has his way
to make. Kxcelsior ��� that is his motto. And if he can do it by making
a fool of Sam, why so much the better!
But taking a whack at Sam was the
least part of Sir Thomas' ppeech.
What he was out to prove was that
Sir Thomas White was the David
Lloyd George of. this Canadian situation and that Premier Borden was
the Asquith, so to speak. If at length
the letters which he kept writing to
Premier Borden from the beginning
of thc war right up to date���letters
all of which showed Premier Borden
holding back and Finance Minister
White prodding him on to take the
overseas situation in hand and get
some cheek on the expenditure which
totalled some eighty million dollars
a year. That was the quarrel ��� responsibility for the expenditure, not
worrying over who should be brigadier and who not.
Sir Thomas' letters revealed Premier Borden as the monkey on the
stick, and Tom White as the fellow
that made him jump. Which was
just what Tom set out to prove. Q.
F. D. as our old friend Euclid used
to say.
In the course of an hour's speech
Sir Thomas must have paused once
a minute to hurl a bouquet at himself. Not mentioning names, of
course, but looking straight at the
party concerned, i Carefully avoiding
the first person singular, but leaving
LEGAL   NOTICES
LAND REGISTRY ACT
(Section* .'111 and   134)
He Applications NOS. 211871 '1,' 29873 'I,'
and   30406   '!.'
TAKE NOTICE thai applications
lia.ve been made to register ETHEL
MAKV HENRIETTA JONES as owner
in fee under three Tax .Sale Deeds from
the Collector of the Corporation of the
District of South Vancouver, bearing
date the 17lh day of October, 1916, of
ALL and singular those certain
parcels or tracts of land and promlsefi
situate, lying and being in tlie Municipality of South Vancouver, more particularly known ami deserihed as Lot
Twenty C'O), Hloolc Five (5), District
Lot Six hundred and forty-four Ilill),
Map 1986; Lot Nineteen (111), lilock
Pive (,ri). District Lot Six hundred and
forty-four Hill), Map 19861 and Lot
Thirty-two (��2). lllock Two 12), District Lot Six hundred and I'orly-six
(1,411),  Map 1127.  respectively.
Vou arc required to contest the claim
of the lax purchaser within forty-five
(46) days from the date of service of
this notice (wliich may be effected by
publication hereof in five weekly Is-
sui's of "The Standard," and your attention Is culled to section 30 of the
"Lund Registry Act" with amendments,
and to the following: extract therefrom :���
"and in default of a caveat or certificate of lis pendens being filed before
the registration as owner of the person entitled under such tax sale, nil
persons so served with notice, . . , and
tion in pursuance of such uppliiaiions,
nnd issue Certificates of Itidofeasible
Title to the said lands in the name of
ETHEL MAltY HENRIETTA JONES
unless you lake nnd prosecute the proper proceedings to establish vour
Claim, If any, to tho said innds. or to
prevent such proposed action on my
pari.
Dated at the Land Registry Office,
Vancouver, II. C, tllis fiflh dav of January,  A.D..  1017.
ARTHUR   ti    SMITH,
District RcfrlKtrar.
To D. Diya Singh, Mnslnn Singh. Hnrl
Singh.  DIkiiii  Singh,  Howard  Snivtb.
The date of the first publiea | ioti or
this notice is 27th Jnnuary. 1017
IIMl REGISTRY AIT.
IN    THE    MATTER    OF    Application
No. 81J86 T
��� nnd
IN THE MATTER of Lots 'I'm. <2i.
and Thirty-seven (87), Soulh hall of
Blorfk Eight (8), District Lol Fifty
(50). Municipality of Si.iith Vancouver. -Map 2:105.
WHEREAS application has been
made for- n :ertffloate or Indefeasible
Title to ill" above-mentioned lands, in
the nam" of WILLIAM  BOND HARRIS
AND WHEREAS mn Investigating
the  title  it  appears  that  yon   were   lh"
holder of a right to purchase Lol 2.
under an unregistered Agreement for
Sale,   dated     6th   January,   1913:
NOW THEREFORE I hereby glv,.
you notice that-It Is mv Intention at
the expiration of fourteen (14) dnvs
from the service on you of this notice
(which muy be effected by publication
Estd. 1904.       Phone High. 285
READY ��� NEW SEASON'S
APPLE CIDER
BOILED CIDER &
APPLE SIRUP
from our factory at Vernon, B.C.
Also,    New    Season's    LULU
ISLAND CABBAGE, made
into the finest
Sauer Kraut
at  our   Vancouver   factory.
B.C. Vinegar Works
1365-7   Powell   St.,   Vancouver.
FARMS WANTED
Wanted to hear from owner of
good farm for sale. ��� Northwestern
Business Agency,  Minneapolis,  Minn.
COR STOVES
F RANGES, or
FURNACES
Visit the
PACIFIC STOVE &
FURNACE CO.
856 GRANVILLE ST.
(Between Robson and Smythe)
CANADIAN
PACIFIC
Through Tickets
issued   to   all   parts
of the world.
THE    POPULAR
ROUTE
to the Old Country, .
Alaska,    China    and
Japan.
For full
particulars apply
to any
C. P. R.
Agent
THE    MINISTER    OF    FINANCE
REQUESTS
THE   PEOPLE   OF   CANADA   TO
BEGIN NOW
TO   SAVE   MONEY  POR   THE
NEXT WAR LOAN
D__FAJ.TI��NT OT FINANCE
OTTAWA SATURDAY,  FEBRUARY 24.  1017
THE   STANDARD
.
Writing in the March "Metropoll-iof actual life. Her listci ,.mm.n-
i.ti'," which will lie published in ;t few wealths of the British empire over-
day*, Theodora Roosevelt, ex-presi- seas���Australia, South Africa, New
dent-of the United Siaic, deals at Zealand���have shown a farsightedness
length   ��iii:   iln'   lesspn,   taught   the and proud capacity  for    service    tot
ihe  c mm   good,  and   have  home
United States by Canada in Iter rela
titni towards the present war.
Since the article was written tl ,
United Stall s had severed diplomats
relations with Germany, and is (ndaj
one prospective ally in ihc great war
The Colonel's  views as to  what "in
themselves with similar heroism. The
action of tiie Boers in South Africa
has been a most striking tribute lithe farsightedness and wisdom ami
justice ui tlie Imperial government.
I!ut  Camilla  is  our  neighbor  on   the
i lie   c"j"iii-i _   \icws  a.   in   wnai   nur     *"        ""
big pcighbor can learn from  us are. **or-h' al"1 "'*' are """*' '"""liar witl
.�� ...i.... ..i-.. i i ,    . .i ..
therefore, all the more timely. Can
adiaus everywhere will read the article with feeling! of gratification.
In part the \:.\-1 'resident says .ii
what Canada has done:���
Xn nation ever yet achieved 14re.it-
ncss through case ami absence oi effort; and althuogh material prosperity
is an absolutely essential foundation.
thc lack of vt'hieh renders hopeless
any attempt to raise a worthy superstructure, vet by itself, and to thc
exclusion of all else, material prosperity, no matter how abounding,
means at the very utmost a kind of
bastard greatness, more contemptible
than any other kind. The flag that
commands the respect of other nations anil inspires among its followers the high passion of loyalty musl
float over a land where there is well-
distributed material well-being, hut.
what is $ven more important, where
there have also been developed the
stem and lofty virtues of resolute and
adventurous valour, of trained prowess, of readiness for self-sacrifice, of
power to render service, and of determined and unshakeablc patriotism.
These arc the virtues which during
thc last two years and a half Canada
has pre-eminently shown. She has
passed through one of those times
which try men's souls, and which sift
out the strong and the worthy from
the weak and the unworthy. She has
stood the test. She has proved her
able to shape their own destinies and
to hold their own in the rough" wOrli^ation would l.av,
what she has done! and as tlie conditions of her social, industrial and political life substantially resemble our
own, her example is oi peculiar value-
to us. 1
Canada has sent to the front about
250,000 men. She has 150,000 more
iu training. This means that she ha.,
enlisted, all told, about 4(10,000 men.
Thc casualities 1111 to date are well
over 50,000. Meanwhile Canada has
faced undauntedly the necessary taxation, and has voluntarily contributed
40,000,000 dollars lo relief funds. Let
our people understand what these figures mean by remembering that Canada has only about one-thirteenth of
mr population .ind one-thirtieth of
our wealth. Her shores were not immediately menaced; the counsels of
cold and timid selfishness, had they
prevailed, would have bid her take a
merely perfunctory part in the war,
and rest in safely behind Britain's
control of the ocean. Hut Canada was
too proud not to fight. She scorned
thc ignoble role of shirking duty, and
letting others protect her. I ler efforts in men is relatively as grcat as
if wc had raised an army of over five
million soldiers���and her troops are
as splendid fighting men as their Australasian and South African brothers,
or as any others among the war-hardened veterans who have fought on
holh sides in this terrible world war.
Her money effort in Ihe single item
given above is equivalent to what this
one if it had vol
untarily contributed over a billion dollars in relief funds.
i nfortunately,   tin-   Cana    1
oursch es, have not yet  ovct
foolish dread of universal obligt
military   training   in   times    1   pi
and mini rsal  -en h .���  in  time of  war.
Hence the}  havi       ������ n  tht   1
traordinary cffii i' in j il 1 lerman*
ami Prance. Km -there never has
been finer work done under the old
loluntei r system than bj Cana i
the way in which Canada and her sis-
tei over-seas commonwealths have
sprung io the defence of the Empire
is something absolutely new in history, am! sets a mark in farsighted
patriotism and in high-minded ability
to sacrifice present ease and safety
lor a vast and permanent future good,
'which will 1101 soon he passed by any
nation.
The people wlm have stayed at
home have devoted themselves to the
welfare of the men who have gone
and of their families. Xot only the
government bodies, but various patriotic organizations, have taken up the
i work with zeal and knowledge. The
'pensions are liberal: the widow of
I one of lhe rank and file gets three
hundred and eighty-four dollars a
year and seventy-two dollars extra
for each child. A man totall) incapacitated by wounds receives four hundred and eighty dollars a year and
seventy-two dollars for each child.
Thc wife of thc soldier on active service receives twenty dollars a month;
SIX MILLION MORE
It is the Empire s War���Why Not Use the Men of the Empire?
Hy A. G. Halts
PANTAGES Theatre
WEEK OF FEBRUARY 26TH
DAISY JEROME
The London Favorite
-OTHER FEATURES-
MOTOR MADNESS
A Motorcycle Sensation
N'o malt.
lo ' .-��� contrary, this wai   I I  1
go on 10 a dead finish,    v,
���   -in right -hi:, aim termi
'   ; ' ai -    a   lasting   pcai c,
| peace cannol come to pa- - ui id
la ' vestige of Prussian militarism
is broken beyond th- hope oi rebuilding, either in our time or mir children's children's lime. Germany must
""I. nmi shall not, he left wilh an army strong enough to leap at the
throat of onr splendid ally. France,
at the first favorable opportunity.
The Kaiser and his Junker crew must
not. and shall nol. he left in control
ol a nav) of battleships, cruisers Mini
submarines capable of striking a deadly blow at Britain if wc are ever embroiled in a war with any other nation
���and no man is prophetic enough to
be justified in saying that sueh a contingency will never arise. The German army and navy must go. and the
! great   naval   shipbuilding   yards   and
j docks must he dismantled we don't
want to live for ever on the lop uf a
simmering volcano, for if we do we
shall be taxed to kee]) up army and
a navy of mammoth dimensions. Such
1 taxation,    spent    mi     non-productive
m,e. and yet 1
ty l/l.ii !.��� am' bri v r athli ie- ol 1 '
who ll.!'. '���  :   l| ' 1 rj   to join
"p.    C  lor :- 1.0 har in a COUrl of I
should it In.- a bar in a battlefield? Color is ������ 11 it comi -
to receiving the benefit 1 I "iir commerce, our navy, or our army. Those
colored men have had the same pro-
tection as the whites���why should
color he a har to a soldier's duties?
In limes of peace Lascars were crowded on many of our ocean - going
steamers as sailor.-, in competition
with our while seamen. Colored men
are used by the thousand in mines
worked by British capital; colored
men are used as lah.irers "ii thousands of plantations kept mi hy British
hard cash���and the British Flag ami
British law protect the colored men.
Why. then, should colored men not be
asked to fight to defend that Flag
and safeguard those laws? Whal -iw-
tle. hidden influence is it that keeps
this east and all-powerful Imperial
asset idle, whilst the Britons of forty-one are forced to fight to carr;. the
Empire's Flag to victory? We want
more men to bring the linn to his
kmes ���why not tliree, six, or ten mil-
'
ruptioi ontenl       itir riot)   to
' ��� '   ���     I 1 ly to "thiol
: '   ' ��� itpcriall
I
'   Ihe whoh     1 ���',, bur-
' '   ' shoulders.
.1   liltle
1    lo   the   ",
'  ��� To   ih.-   Devil   wiih   cane
and hum! ng'
CANADA: THE YOUNG
MANS OPPORTUNITY
An    Address    delivered    before    the
Young Men's Club by
F. C. Raney, J.P.
Age is a condition of mind rather
than a sum total of mile stones. Some
men arc old at twenty, smne are
young al seventy, and some never
grow old. So this title includes any
man whose heart is strong, whose
mind is clear, and who is not lazy.
, It must have been a lazy man who
invented the proverb, "Opportunity
knocks hut once at any man's door.''
j It is a call In duty and to service and
comes not once, hut always.
Canada���Young .Men���Opportunity.
What a trio to conjure wilh.
Canada, covering half a continent:
equal in area t,. all of Europe; bounded on ihc si-,,,,1, by a country that
i:as gr iwn from a few straggling settlements, to a nation of over a hundred million people and untold
wealth; her eastern ports reach out
io tin- trade of Europe, and her west
calls to the Orient, while her north
is lost in the region where mid-day
and midnight meet, while the brilliant
ilorings of the aurora lures the prospector in search of the golden treasure that lies locked in nature's strong
box in the  frozen waste.
Within these bdudaries are the gra-
neries of the world, the forests to
build its ships and the fuel to drive
them, while in the means lhal Ia\e
her almost limiteless cast line is a
storehouse of food, as yet scarcely
touched, bul which must ultimately he
drawn upon to feed, not only tlie "five
thousand," hut the millions of out!
own ami other lands. \.,,i over j, a]|
floats the British flag, an emblem ������!'
li! iTty am! a pledge of security.
pause
tnat
lati
The Victoria Rotary Club celebrated the event of a new shipbuilding industry by holding a
luncheon as a vessel was building
PRICES: Matinees, ISc; Evening, 15l and 25c. Phone Sey. 3405
j���M ij|��_iwwi_H_1.i.<l'������fiwJS BKan!M22SE5Z:: rVtESES .I3_��____S__2!^K3_fc_tf
How You May Help
Each day as you ride in a street car, or turn on an
electric light or m^tor, you are availing yourself of the
service of a company whose aim is to meet your needs.
For the people of this district to be supplied with dependable car service and 24-hours-a-day electric service
implies something more than the ability tc give service.
It implies the desire to serve. This company has planned
years ahead for your needs ��� it may have planned too
abundantly, but it could take no chances of not being ready.
���
The measure of this company's service depends on another factor���co-operation. The more our patrons give
us their active and moral assistance, the more service they
will receive.
On the other hand, as impediments, either taxes or regulations or unfair advantages given to a competitor, deprive us of a reasonable return on the investment or force
us to run at a loss, the service the public receives will
ultimately decrease.
In aiming at the development of a greater and mor..
prdsperous Vancouver, we suggest the sympathetic cooperation of the public itself���not for our own ends merely,
but so that the service we are able to render the public
may be thereby increased, which is the end desired by this
company first, last and all the time.
plus half his pay, which amounts to
fii teen dollars, and an additional sum,
called the 'patriotic allowance, according to the. particular circumstances of the case. This is a great improvement upon what was done in our
Civil War.
The wounded returned soldier is
put in a Convalescent Home, under
the Military Hospital Commission,
and is given vocational training, s"
as to enable him to lake up a new
occupation should lie be unable to follow the one in wliich he has previously engaged. A .Soldiers' \i'!
Commission, and various Employment Bureaus, devote themselves t"
placing the men in permanent positions after they have been discharged,
All of these commissions work together.
The Patriotic Fund is administered
by a greal number of men and women
who apply it with a flexible accommodation lo needs and conditions which
can hardly he attained under the necessary red tape of a Government office. I'm- example, an amount which
would adequately support a family
in a country district would he wholly
insufficient in a large city. Tlie fund
cares for the wives and children of
the soldiers fighting in Europe nnd
for the widows of those killed and the
men invalided home, Some fifteen
million dollars have been disbursed
under the management of the Fund.
and some sixty thousand families
helped. The money spent represents
but a portion of the activities of the
fund. There is also unwearying personal work. In Montreal, for instance, tbe Ladies' Auxiliary contains
nearly seven hundred voluntary workers; and during September last the
4.0.16 famUics receiving assistance in
Montreal were ea��� visited at least
once by one of these workers.
I am. of course, not trying to mention here the smallest fraction of the-
innumerable benevolent activities in
which the devoted patriotism of the
men and women of Canada has found
expression. The above merely indicates the extent and thoroughness of
the work. As for the men at the front,
their gallantry has been beyond praise
and the training camps now- established  in   Canada  are  models  for  us  to
copy.
tt ^ *
Colonel Roosevelt's perspective is
that oi the grcat observer and thinker
on the outside. He sees us -.11 tin*
true light. He sees our tens of thousands of sons in the trenches and tens
of thousands ready to take their plaices.     His   perspective   takes   in   our
side
concerns, will in the em! spell nation- ] lion
al poverty am! ultimate weakness and (the
decline. Germany will, if not now
rendered powerless, awail her hour
of revenge, even though she waits foi
a generation for a fitting opportunity
to strike. Today tin- \llies are united; who can affirm, with any degree
of certainty, thai the* will be a. tuated
by a single motive in years p- conic:
Every Man Wanted
Wc went into this war 10 win. there
can  be  no  halfway  rest-house,   im-  ii
we  do mn  win  indisputably,  we  lose,
Ami  in  order  t" deal  a  "knock-.'in"
to this brutal  power wliich  hi
ils  hand  against  the  freedom
world, we need more men ntu
than   we   now   possess.     That
dictum,   of   mir   soldier-leaders ������ .*-:r
Douglas   Haig  and   S r   William   R
ertson have lately said sn jn iinctpii-
VOCal   terms;   and   they   are   tht     del
whom  the  nation  has  pledged   itself
to follow.    They demand more  men,
Joreil  soldiers  to  help
the sword of Victory home?
man;,' of the colored  races, a
lieve  ihey  would  fight   willii
lidly.     Some   opponent
battle
jthai t
.-all 1
01 le-s than eight million peo-
nd that at this time more than
n t wenty of that population art
Lii'-'- unifiirm, 1 tghting the
- Of ��� " ��� irld, wc may reali
" us. opportunity is a persistent
otherwise: ii t!
ask- the Brrtisl
peace 10 shell
tect a populati
finclj
fougii
Wh.
latter arc right,
a.x-payer in  tin
11 to keep and
thai is no a,,i
nn- m adversity? But
I; they would fight, ami
V- e ought 10 know���we
against them in times
'ain tiie country dry of
1 anh i  s.i  badly  necdi
Iheir
\\ hile
a
MEN   win.
the    ir .ad   p
may furnish
'important   wm-'
Cana
I]
st atti
1 llie
arms
-   tne
I"
all<
em
We were
tiincnt ai
ther" beli
ecruit
brow 1
lauscated v.
nit    the   "1
ie the war.
lea-t
npl
il
���I '
iii at
��� hi en
dllion
ipire -
The
aitie-
airei
the
ami
throw   near
den   on   the
t  have  them:  bin  why
lhe whole of the hur-
ick "I Grcat Britain?!
This is an empire's war; the Flag lies
over many millions of strong, aide,
virile men outside these islets ��� win-
drain Great Britain dry of its manhood, lock up our agriculture, stultify
our'manufactures, weaken our shipbuilding, and impoverish Britain, until
the colored sons of Empire have been
called into the fighting lines to help
to bear the burden of war? We are
even now using about .100,000 black
troops���so the principle is accepted,
and the precedent laid down in thc
most logical and inexorable fashion.
If
trashy sen-
black in
some long-
crank 01 other was eternally
tapping al onr pockets for money to
buy him books lie couldn't read ami
clothes he wouldn't wear. He was
"a man and a brother" when the)
wanted to ust him as a stalking horst
to get our cash���more for Iheir own
benefit than for the "poor black brother's" good. Xow let him into the
fighting, lo prove���as he is willing
to provt���that he is in reality a man!
The Volunteer of Sixty
A call is being made on all Britishers up t" the age of sixty to volunteer !
for service of whatsoever kind thej
Qovernment may see fit to name.
That .-all would not be required if
the colored millions were at the various fronts helping in the fighting.
In my estimation, thc time has arrived   when   the   people   should   tell   the
e Siwash
'a Canada���they
the magic warn:
ills .-1' 1! e mind
iron ore 1:1 till
leu   ,'. IIt��       \l.id
rtl
ne am' a scanl li. ing
�� maki a n'iiutr' ���
IH1SI      ������   t"'i.h. d   by
md heart.    A t"ii oi
mountain   is   worth
��� : :������   watch   sprmes
lllds  ol  .!..liars.    |'e-
s opportunity.
1 come
tha
Government,   in   unmistakable   terms.
are  justified  in   using   .100,000 j that  the   hour  is   ripe   for  the  black
It
wise to organise the natives for ser-
e, but as the Volunteers are supposed to be organised for labor, the
.���.hole of that business should be in
the hands of Labor. Capital is never
placed at thc disposal of labor; why.
then, ask Labor to run the risk of being placcd at the disposal of Capital?
Organising the nation is a splendid
scheme if carried out properly: it
will lead to momentous issues if carried into effect improperly.*. We want
n* hitch at a vital moment: we want
11.1 heart-burning and recrimination
when the S"*'s resume their hellish
thunder in the Spring���we want to
be united and whole-hearted then;
for then will come the tug-of-war
which will decide who are to be masters of Europe and the custodians of
the world's peace and prosperity. Let
us walk warily now; lest we plunge
black troops, we are justified in  put- and brown  brother to do  his bit.
ting .1.000.000 in arms in the field.    If
Germany had  had  our resources,  the
Kaiser  would  have  ten  million  black
and   brown   men   fighting   under   bis
banner at this hour.    There  is not a
black or a brown race in our Empire
in  revolt against nur authority  today
���not one!    Why. then, are they not
called upon lo bear a fair share of the
responsibilities, risks and dangers?
Equal Rights and Equal Responsibilities
Today the Government is demanding the presence of Britons for fighting purposes up lo the age of torty-
homes and the toilers who bav
thought  for  the  righteousness
war.    Col. Roosevelt says to th
tween the two n
The greatest i
1" a country at tins stage 01 its
'growth and development lies in ihe
greed 1 I man. The avaricious see-iu
these grcat latent forces only a chanefi
to amass personal wealth. \nd with
the cramped soul of the miser, and the
.short vision of the highwayman, they
rob and plunder and despoil these
storehouses of their country's prosperity for their own petty aggrandizement. To gain them what? The execrations of their follow citizens, the
contempt of all good men. prosecution in the courts, disgrace, oblivion.
Xot but what generous recompense
will come to those who serve in this
broad field. My plea is that wealth
may be an incident, but shall not be
made an ofcject in the process of nation-building. 'J-,ct not the greater
bow down unto thc less.
These sentiments may sound aead- ���
emic, but they are fundamental, and
form a sure foundation on which any
man may safely build bis business or
public  career.
With the close of the war. Canada
will come rapidly into her own.  And
the young man who fails to establish
(Continued on page 8)
ARGUE
:  real
f  the
Am
erican people: "Let us profit by  Can
ada's example."���Winnipeg  Tribune.
acca SIX
THE STANDARD
SATURDAY,  FEBRUARY 24.  1917
.
*
Phone Seymour 9086
WE  INVITE YOUR
FIRE INSURANCE
BUSINESS
We Write Insurance in Sound, Reliable Companies.
Dow Fraser Trust Co.
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Northern Securities, Ltd.
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529 PENDER STREET WEST Seymour 1574
FINANCIAL AGENTS       ESTATE MANAGERS
NOTARY PUBLIC
TO RENT-HOUSES AND SUITES
SHAUGHNESSY HEIGHTS.-10-roomed House,
on 19th Avenue. Two fireplaces, Hardwood
floors.   $40.00 per month.
KITSILANO. ��� Several six- and seven-roomed
Houses.    $15.00 per month.
SUITES, Alma Court, 2224 Alberta Street. Three
and four rooms. All modern. $8.00 to $15.00
per month.
FURNISHED. ��� Beautiful 10-roomed suburban
home, 5 blocks from car. Six months. $25.00
per month.
B. GEO. HANSULD
Manager
ONE   OF   THE
LARGEST
INSURANCE
OFFICES IN     /     *
WESTERN   / ��K>
CANADA /    .A^    /     Every
^>^    /     Client a
>���     y Walking
/        Advertisement
V
Address:
414 Pender St. West
Vancouver, B. C.
B. O. MUNICIPAL
BONDS
Have proved their Safety and Stability as a
Profitable Investment.
We offer a variety of thoroughly safeguarded
bond issues, sold to net 6;����� per cent, to 7M per cent.
Consult our Bond Department by letter or in person.
Canadian financiers Trust Co.
Head Office: 839 Hastings St. West, Vancouver, B.C.
Patrick Donnelly, General Manager.       '
m
\t #taiti.arft
���ubtlshcd every Saturday ��t 42(S Homer Street. Vancouver,
r.lephone Seymour  ��7��
Registered   ttt   the   Post   Office   I)epo��tment,   Ottawa,   tt.
lecond ci.-ihs Mall Matter.
M iim iiiriiox    BAT-M
To all point* fu Canada, ttnll'id Kingdom, Newfoundland,
���lew Zealand and other British 1'oascj.sioris:
$2.00
.'���.tapi- to American. Kuropeftn ano other foreign codntrt
11.60 per year extra.
CONSOLIDATE OUR RAILWAYS
Leave the C. P. R. as it is and Form New Private Corporation, Suggests W. Fl Tye
That Canada has .sufficient railway mileage and traffic
i.ir two good transcontinental systems, the Canadian Pacific   Railway  and  another,  hut   not  enough   for  tliree,   is
the statement of Mr. \V. I'. Tye, C. I... a well-kggwn civil
engineer, of Montreal, In an instructive .address to the
Canadian Society of Civil Engineers iu that city recently,
Mr. Tye suggested a consolidation of the Grand Trunk,
the Grand Trunk Pacific, Transcontinental and Canadian
Northern railways, would give a well-balanced system.
Here are his conclusions:���
1. The National Transcontinental, the Grand Trunk
Pacific and the Canadian Northern railways are unable
to earn their operating expenses and their fixed charges.
Canada has built, and is operating, the first of these roads,
and Canada and the various provinces have guaranteed
the principal and interest of most of the bunds of the other two. As the mads are unable to earn llieir fixed charges, they must of necessity, be paid by the country.
Duplication of Lines
2. The failure of these roads is due to the duplication
of lines by all the railways, encouraged and bonused by
the government; to the excessive cost nf the Grand Trunk
Pacific and National Transcontinental railways; to the
failure of the Grand Trunk Pacific to provide itself with
an adequate system of feeders in the west and to the construction, by the Canadian Northern, of the long and unproductive stretches ot road across British Columbia and
Northern Ontario, without feeders, terminals, etc.
3. If the Canadian Northern, the Grand Trunk Pacific
and National Transcontinental be maintained in two separate systems, it will cost at least $400,000,000 tu build the
necessary branch line feeders and terminals, to provide
them with adequate rolling stuck, and put them in proper physical condition to compete with the Canadian Pacific.
4. It will be necessary that the Grand Trunk Pacific
build five to six thousand miles of feeders in the west.
5. It will he necessary that the Canadian Northern
build two to three thousand miles of feeders in the east,
and terminals costing many millions in Montreal, Toronto,
Ottawa, Quebec and Vancouver.
For Years to Come
6. Canada has already sufficient railway mileage for
years to come. The additional mileage necessary for these
roads could only be had by duplicating existing lines.
Such duplication of lines would only add to the burden to
be borne by Canada in the way of subsidies, guarantees,
etc., without doing the country any good.
7. Canada has sufficient railway mileage and traffic for
two good transcontinental systems���the Canadian Pacific
and another���but not enough for three.
,S. A consolidation of the Grand 'Trunk, the Grand
Trunk Pacific, Transcontinental and Canadian Northern
railways,wftuld give a well-balanced system. Thc Grand
Trunk has an excellent system in the east, with terminals
in all targe and important centres; the Canadian Northern
has not. The Canadian Northern has a good system of
feeders in the west; the Grand Trunk has not. Each is
strong where the other is weak. Combining them must,
of necessity, be the most economical and efficient way of
handling the situation.
9. Such a combination would not require more than
$100,000,000 to provide it with sufficient rolling stoek and
to put it in proper physical condition to compete with thc
Canadian Pacific.
10. The saving in capital cost would be at least $300.-
000,000 and, at present rates of interest, the saving in fixed
charges, at least $15,000,000 per annum.
11. The Transcontinental cost $100,000 per mile to
build. The parallel Canadian Northern cost less than $50,-
000 per mile, and is, in every way, as efficient an instrument of transportation. The Quebec bridge, with approaches, will cost $40,000,000, and will not-be necessary
for many long years to come.
12. The Transcontinental, including the Quebec bridge,
has cost Canada at least $100,000,000 more to build than it
would have CQSt Ihe Canadian Pacific tu build as efficient
a road.
1.1. Including operating expnses and fixed charges, it
costs lhe Canadian Pacific aboul $70 tu du $100 worth "f
business.   Including  operating  expenses  and  interest   ort
cost, ii costs the Intercolonial and the other Canadian gov
ernmenl mads from $200 to $220 fo do Sioo worth of bu-|
iim -s.
14. Canada should follow the wise example scl bj Sir
John Macdonald when dealing wiih the Canadian Pacific iu
1879-80, ami form a new private corporation, with sufficient power and the necessary safeguards, to take over and!
consolidate the Grand Trunk. Grand Trunk Pacific, Transcontinental and Canadian Northern railways, ami develop
another Canadian Pacific, rather than lu have the government take Ihem over and develop another and a vaster,
and in-ire expensive Intercolonial.
Conditions are Favorable
15. Conditions for the formation of such a company are '
much more favorable than they were iu  1J<80, as western
Canada had not then been proven, as it since has been, to
be capable of supporting a large and prosperous  poptila-
ti,,n- . . .
16. Such a combination would start with gross earnings
of at least $100,000,000 per annum, with a probable average I
increase of X per cent, per annum, and probable net earn-'
ings of from $25,000,0110 to $30,000,000 per annum, and a
net revenue from other sources uf about $2,800,000.
17. Its fixed charges al consolidation would be, about
$..5,0110,000. ami it would be under the necessity uf spending, in the first five to seven years, at least $100,000,000 to
provide rolling stock and to put its properties in good physical condition,
18. Deficits fur some time tu come would he inevitable,
owing lo the heavy fixed charges amounting tu about $.15,-
01111,000. as compared with $10,300,000 per annum fur the
Canadian) Pacific.
19. As these high fixed charges arc caused by the excessive cost "f government construction and by duplication of lines, bonused and guaranteed by the government,
Canada must pay them.
Series of Deficits
20. 'The fixed charges would be at least $15,000,000 less
with one private system than with two, and very much less
with private than with government management.
21. With such a combination as has been outlined, the
series of deficits, should not last more than five to ten
years, after which the road should be very successful.
22. In order to control its policy, and to share in its
certain prosperity, Canada sliuuld have an in'terest in thc
new company. The Dominion government should furnish
40 per cent, of thc money required, own 40 per cent, of
the stock, and appoint 40 per cent, ol the directorate, but
take nu part in the actual management. This would give
all the advantages of government control without any of
the manifest disadvantages of governmental management,
23. Once this combination was successful, Canada
should once more and for all abandon the vicious policy of
bonusing railway construction, either by gifts of money or
land, or by the still more vicious policy of guaranteeing
the bonds of railway companies of which it has no direct
control.
*
The Btundard will be delivered to any aiiili'���...���. In Vancouver or vicinity at ten cents a month.
Member of the Canadian Press Association.
The Standard, with which la Incorporated the ftaturdar
Chinook, circulates In Vancouver and the cities, towns, vll-
ltttre�� and settlements throughout British Columbia. Id
aolltlcs the paper Is independent Liberal.
Publishers The Standard Printer*
hahly had nut previously been leached iu any part uf the
habitable globe.
Much Capital Needed
TO INVESTORS
HOSE WHO, FROM TIME TO TIME, HAVE FUNDS REQUIRING
INVESTMENT MAY PURCHASE
AT PAR
DOMINION OF CANADA DEBENTURE STOCK
IN SUMS OF SJ500 OR ANY MULTIPLE THEREOF.
Principal, repayable 1st October, 1919.
Interest payable half-yearly, 1st April and 1st October by cheque (free of exchange at
any chartered Bank in Canada) at the rate of five per cent per annum from the date of
purchase.
Holders of this stock will have the privilege of surrendering at par and accrued interest,
as the equivalent of cash, in payment of any allotment made undef any future war loan issue
in Canada other than an issue of Treasury Bills or other like short date security.
Proceeds of this stock are for war purposes ottly.
A commission of one-quarter of one per cent will be allowed to recognized bond and
stock broker^ on allotment* made in respect of applications for this stock which bear their
stamp.      . ,
For application forms apply to the Deputy Minister of Finance, Ottawa.
>
DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE, OTTAWA,
OCTOBER 7th, 1916.
UNITED STATES BRANCH FIRMS HERE
Preferential Tariff in British Empire Will Bring Them to
Canada
In giving the Xew York Credit Men's Association some
important information regarding conditions in Canada, Mr.
J. S. Dennis, assistant to Lord Shaughnessy, president of
the Canadian Pacific Railway, said in part:���
"Many different opinions exist as to the matter of immigration to this continent after the war. No one, of
course, can foretell what will happen, but if Canada can be
guided by past occurrences, it can expect and should prepare for, a great influx r.f immigrants.
"In the ten-year period ending in 19I4, the immigration
to Canada amounted to practically 2,500,000 people, distributed as follows: I-'rom Great Britain 1.000,000, from the
United States 900,000, and the balance from other countries. During that same period Canada bad its greatest
era of development, a development which for rapidity, pro-
"The great bulk of this development was made possible
by the investment of outside capital: that capital having
been obtained largely from Urea! llritain. r ranee and Holland. It is estimated that in (lie period 1907-1913 Great
'llritain invested iu Canada $1,500,000,000. With the opening of the war, the Dominion was slim off from these
sources and in all probability will be unable tu obtain further credit there fur a lung lime after the close uf the war,
as all ihe nations engaged in this war wil! require their
money at home to rehabilitate conditions and pay their
del'ls. If Canada is tu he able tu (Mend its industrial de-
vejopment, il can only look I" the United States, as mir
neighbor south uf tlie international boundary, tu provide
the money.
To Share in Industrial Growth
"As a result uf existing conditions thnotlghoUt the Hritish Empire, it seems quite certain that at lhe close uf the
war Canada will have preferential trade within the Kinpirc,
and. that being llie case, Canadian goods will have a tariff
preference in all the markets oi the Hritish Empire, and it
seems reasonable to suppose that thc Duiniiiion will have
at least a sympathetic trade preference in the countries
that have been allied with Great Britain in the war, which
should give Canada a special opportunity fur trade extcn-
siotij especially in the great empire of Russia, where, without doubt, great opportunities will offer themselves for
trade extension.
"This being the case, it seems reasonable that Canada's
standing, resources and credit sliuuld appeal to the United States, and justify Canadians in extending an invitation to citizens of the United States tu inform themselves
s to what Canadians are and what they have, and by thc
establishment of branches uf United Stales industrial concerns, or the investment of money, participate in the great
development which Canadians feel will ucnir within the
next few years, and share in any special privileges that
Canada may have in overseas trade.
"After all, it is only reasonable that Canadians should
come tu ynu with this invitation. W'e are separated from
you only by an imaginary line; wc are a people speaking
the same language; having the same foundation laws: the
same weights and measures; the same currency: thc same
business methods: the same school system: the same ideals
with regard to democracy and freedom of thought, word
and speech, that you have in the United States.
"Vou have tbe money; we have, or at least we think
we have, the opportunity, and we cordially invite you to invest your money in assisting us to develop the opportunity,
so that there may grow up two nations, separated only by
an imaginary boundary, which, for all time, will continue tu
live alongside each other as good neighbors, competing, of
course, as neighbors do. socially and in a business way,
but proud of the fact that they are neighbors and determined, as good neighbors to build up on this North American continent, a civilization that will stand as an example to the rest of the world in indicating how il is possible for national neighbors to live alongside each otber
through centuries uf peace, and to develop a feeling of
respect and confidence in each other which inevitably must
have a marked influence on the other peoples uf thc
world.*'
A.B.C. OF RAILWAYS
THE FULL CARLOAD
Scene In Ihe C.P.K. Yard* at Wln-ilpf*.
A great deal of progress has been
made recently In bringing
about co-operation between
railways and their patrons and one
way In which this has been manifested li the general endeavor ta
reduce If not entirely eliminate the
waste of freight cars. The benefits
whloh accrue to tbe shipping public
as well as to the car owners by
refraining from using equipment unduly for storage purposes is generally understood and appreciated but
the increased efficiency which can
tte derived by loading every car to
Its maximum cubic or carrying
capacity   seems   to   be   frequently
overlookeu. The full loading of
cars has a direct bearing on car
supply and particularly at this time,
when a serious ear shortage exists
In certain parts of the country it
is desirable that tn no ease should
two cars be used where one would
suffice.
Some of the larger shippers have
Issued bulletins to their customers
pointing out _he methods by which
better loading may be obtained and
were these suggestions adopted
generally the benefits which would
accrue to all concerned would be
great and Immediate.
The average railway car has a
carrying capacity of about forty
tons but the average load per car
is only tweuty-three cons. Many
shippers and consignees are in the
habit of ordering only sufficient
freight to equal the minimum prescribed by tt-lff when they couli
as well order a full carload or if
convenient tu do so could arrange
to have their consignments consolidated with others of a similar
nature travelling to the same destination, thereby saving at least or,
perhaps, more can. Consignee*
would find by adopting methods
such as this their freight would be
shipped more promptly its the shippers would have more equipment at
their disposal and the annoying delays attributed to "waiting can"
v ould be largely a thing of the past. SATURDAY,   FEBRUARY 24. 1917
THE   STANDARD
SEVE?
A Great Indictment
By  Viscount   Bryce
What the civilized world is fightingl
against is told by Viscount llrye in an I
article   officially   aulliiirizedl   by   the
Hritish   Government.    No one    will
question   the   statements   of   the   for-!
mer  llritish  ambassador  to  the   Uni-'
ted States,  who  has investigated  for
himself.    He writes:
The invasion of Belgium, the most,
flagrant offense against international i
right Europe had seen fur centuries,
proved that the German government
could not be trusted to keep any engagement, however solemn. It docs
, not appear to be realized in neutral
countries how grcat is the difficulty
which such a breach of faith places
in the way of negotiations for armistice or peace. A government which
violates its obligations toward those
with whom it has been at peace, and
defends this violation by the plea of
its own military necessity, can even
leSs be relied on to fulfil any promise
made to its enemies.
The next event, or rather series of
events, which showed how much this
war was going to differ from previous wars, was thc conduct of the
German invading armies in Belgium
and Northern France. All along the
line of their march innocent civilians, old men, women and children,
as well as other inhabitants, were
slaughtered on the pretext that some
persons in the towns and villages bad
shot at thc invading force. The leading inhabitants���often jiriests���were
constantly seized and called "hostages," who were to be put to death
if any resistance were made by any
civilian, though these persons were
not responsible for such resistance
and could not have prevented it. Such
"hostages" were frequently shot.
Hundreds of innocent persons were
seized, packed in baggage or cattle
cars, antl sent by railway tu Ccrniany,
often without food ur drink fur many
hours together. Villages and large
parts of such a city as l.ouvain, were
destroyed by fire. Shucking outrages
were committed upon women, ami
that by officers as well as soldiers,
and little effurt was made tu restrain
ur punish such crimes, which were often committed under the influence uf
liipun'.
The accounts uf these murders ami
other excesses which the refugees
who escaped from Belgium reported
fonml at first little credence in England, fur it was hard tu believe tliat
the soldiers oi a civilized nation could
commit them. Bul when ihe Belgian,
French ami British governments
caused the evidence uf eye-witnesses
among ihe refugees to be careful!}
taken and tested, it was proved beyond all question mn only thai such
things had happened, bul lli.it ihey
bail happened by the orders of ihe
German officers, who themselves
w'crc acting under orders from headquarters, ami who sometimes expressed regrel al having to execute such
orders.
If there arc ;
Countries who
luu horrible to
these   two  fact-
ny persons in neutri
-till think such tin'!'..
ie true. Kt them weig
Diaries  (written  i
Genu.
th
German |  found
ers or on  the bodies uf
soldiers,  contain  rccort|s
(or quite similari  crimes a- llie evi-
flfcnce   uf   the   refugees    established
lhe  genuineness     nf  these    diaries,
many  uf  which  have  been  published
by  tbe   Belgian,   French  ami   British
investigators, is not disputed by  the
German government,   They alone arc
sufficient   lo   prove   Imw   lhe   troops
behaved.
Thc second fact is that the German
government bas never attempted tu
disprove the evidence adduced against
them. Tliey did publish a suit uf reply to the Belgian repurts, but it consisted chiefly of allegations that Belgian civilians had given provocation
by firing on German troops. This
attempt at a justification was a tacit
admission that the massacres had occurred, and that in them, there had
been killed, as a matter uf course, many innocent persons in no way concerned in such firing.
In fact, the vast majority uf those
so 'executed, including the so-called
"hostages," had nu responsibility at
all for the occasional firing, such as
it may have been. To the British report, which contained a very large
number of depositions by the witnesses, in the nineteen mouths that have
elapsed since its publication, to make
any official reply.
Next after the murders ou land
canie those at sea. Submarines began
to destroy, usually without any warning, unarmed merchant vessels,
drowning their crews, and also unarming passenger vessels, drowning
their passengers. Thc Lusitania. in
which -twelve hundred people perished, many of these citizens of neutral
countries, was' only one of many cases.    These practices, gross violations
of tbe rule of international law, which
reijuires that the lafety of those un
board a merchant ship shall be provided for if she is sunk, have gone
on till now. Even hospital ships, a-
bout whilst character there could be
no mistake, have been torpedoed,
A little later than the murders on
land and sea came the murders from
the air. In the many air raids over
England, nu military damage has
been done, and only a handful uf soldiers, about fifty (so far as 1 kuuw)
have suffered. But many hundreds
of innocent civilians, mostly women
and children, have been maimed or
killed; and the murders still go on.
Tbe German government must by this
time know that these raids have no
effect upon the British people except
to rouse their anger and so to make
them more determined than ever to
prosecute the war. Why then are
the air raids continued? Apparently-
only to make the Germans at home
believe that thc enemy is being injured, and so to sustain their spirits
when the long-expected victories in
France do not arrive.
In the Spring of 1915 the so-called
Voung Turk Committee, which now
rules Turkey in the name of tbe Sultan, began without any provocation
from their Armenian subjects, a scries
of massacres and deportations in Armenia and Asia Minor in which from
600,000 to 800,000 of those Christian
subjects have been put to death, the
men by murder, the women and children mostly by being torn from their
homes and driven away by Turkish
troops through deserts, where those
who did nut die by the war are now
dying from hunger, exposure and disease. Many mure of the women have
been seized hy Turks, or sold in open market, tu bc enslaved in Turkish harems.
'The German government knew perfectly well what was being dune. How
far they actively encouraged it. ur allowed Iheir officers mi llie spot lu du
S", wc do nut know. Bul it is certain thai they acquiesced iu it. They
could have stopped it by lifting a finger had ihey wished lu du so, fur the
Turks arc entirely in their hands.
Instead uf arresting the slaughter,
ihey have honored the two chief criminals, Talaal. ami Knver, by many
compliments and ihe last named ruffian by a Colonelcy iu the German
army.
I pass over other incidents, such as
the treatment of war prisoners ami
the executions uf Miss Cavell am'.
Captain Fryatt, t" come tu the latest instances oi the German government's methods in warfare. l.asi
Spring liny carried off hundreds uf
_;irls from their homes in Northern
France to he forced to wurk ii< Ger-
inany. Within lhe last three months
thej have seized man) thousands oi
Belgian workiiigmen,-and un the pretext th.at there is no employment for
them in thc towns where ihey live.
have carried them off, amid tin
shrie. s of their w iv i -. wlm flung
themselves mi the rails in front 61
the locomotives, iu German towns,
where the) will be forced tu wurk for
their enemy masters againsl their own
fellow-countrymen
Tl i motive, so tin- German go\ cm
mini   announces,   is   a   philanthropic
une.    li i,. imt good fm' workmen to
he unemployed.    The unemployment,
il need hardly he said, hail been caused by tin- German government it-
self, which had taken oul uf the coun-
try fm- ils own use the raw materials
uf industry ami all tlie machinery.
These workmen were imt starving.
When the Germans refused to feed
them, ihey were anil hail continued to
be fed by the charity uf Americans
and Englishmen, directed by the energy of an American. Mr. Hoover.
In one Belgian province, where some
private factories were still going, the
German authorities stopped those in
order tu invent a ground for treating
tlic workmen as Unemployed and driving them off into Germany tu labor
there. Tllis is slave raiding, wo. 'hy
of those Arab marauder's whom Livingstone tried to rout out uf Africa.
A-similar viulation uf the best settled rules of international law is now
being carried mi in Poland. Here the
Polish inhabitants uf the invaded districts which the German armies occupy are being furccil into tbe German army on the pretext that the
country is already conquered and its
people already German subjects. They
will bc roped in and driven tu die in
order lo perpetuate the tyranny which
the German government has already
been exercising over their brethren
in a part uf old Poland which she
has held by force these many years.
All (he facts here briefly .enumerated are indisputable and undisputed
facts. Whatever the excuse or palliations which the German government
may put furward; all these acts are
flagrant   violations,   nut   only   of   in
ternational law, but uf long-settled
practice uf civilized nations.
They are even worse. They violate
the  fundamental  principles uf natural
justice and of common humanity. Even Bonaparte, whose offenses shocked his contemporaries, did imt in eighteen years uf war commit to many
breaches uf the much laxer international rules of bis time, nor so offend
against helpless innocence as the German Generals have committed since
Aug. 4, 1914.
If some persons in neutral countries
have found it hard tu believe that
these successive acts of cruelty and
injustice really happened, this is because the spirit and temper they reveal were so little to be expected
from thc armies of a civilized nation.
Thc difficulty, however, disappears
when one studies the manuals of military law and practice issued by the
German General Staff, and learns to
know what is the official German doctrine of war.
According    to ��� that  doctrine,  thc
State is above all morality.   Whatever is done in its interest    is    right.
There is an international relations, be
they uf war or peace, really no such
thing as right but only force.    Force
makes right.   Whatever war necessity
prescribes is proper to be done. Treaties may bc broken, neutral countries
attacked,     innocent    non-combatants
killed.     Many  German   theorists  go
so far as to say that it is Germany's I
mission,  assigned   to   her  by   Provi- j
dencc or by Nature, to dominate all
Other  nations,  because    she    is  the 1
strongest  and  most  civilized  among.
them.
It   appeal's,   therefore,    that     the j
crimes enumerated, all of which wen I
dune by the orders of the military authorities,   are   dune   nol   ai   random,
but  in  pursuance of a  system,  and
will be repeated as long as lhal
tent and the military caste wliich approves it and carries it out iu practice holds sway in Germany.
* * o
Can we imagine the people of Switzerland, or Norway, ur the United
States using their troops to force
thousands of innocent workers into
slavery? Can we suppose lhat the
people, even uf Germany itself, if
they had been permitted by their tyrannical rulers to know the truth a-
bout the war and how it was being
conducted, would have authorized cither tbe inhuman treatment of non-
combatants in Belgium (invaded without provocation), or the tacit approval of thc hideous massacres perpetrated by their Turkish allies?
This war of principles, therefore,
is a war not only fur tbe vindication
of international right, for thc faith
of treaties, for thc protection of the
innocent, but also for liberty. N'o
greater blow could be struck at democracy than a German victory. The
spirit of militarism is the enemy of
freedom as well as of peace. Tyranny makes militarism, tyranny rules by
it. This is why wc in England and
France trust that thc people uf all
the free countries will recognize what
is involved for them in tbis war, and
will extend their moral support to a
cause which is, since they love freedom, their own cause, as well as the
cause of human progress.
*
NEXT WEEK
AT TH�� THEATRES ��)
(-���fV'/a*.
PANTAGES   THEATRE
Daisy Jerome, the cutest, most attractive, the highest salaried young
lady, and the greatest music hall favorite from London for years, is the
Inn attraction at Pantages theatre
next week. Miss Jerome was booked
personally by Mr. Pantages, when he
took his recent trip to Xew York.
Mr. Pantages witnessed her act in one
of the largest theatres in New York,
and was desirous of obtaining her services for his circuit of vaudeville theatres that he offered her the highest
salary ever paid to a single person on
the Pantages time. Miss Jen-tne has
an act which reminds one uf Lily
Lena. Vesta Victoria, and the Lloyd
Family. She presents thc same kind
of comedy songs, has abounding personality,  a  good    voice,    vonderlul
sari" than she was given a contract,
and went flying up the ladder of suc-
cess. When she returned home she
declined grand opera contract! am:
accepted a very flattering engagement
in vaudeville. .So ber voice will be
heard fur a few months in thc Two-
a-Day.
Two gentlemen have had much to
du with the English language. One
of them was Mr. Webster���tbe otber
Bert Leslie. Webster had a language
to work on, but Leslie created one.
He created slang and some of it has
become so much in use that it is now-
found in the dictionaries. "Hogan
in Mexico" is the name of the offering which will be seen here. He has
an entirely new equipment of slang,
and is much funnier than ever before.
Elite Entertainers arc VVilbert
Embs and Helen Alton. Their efforts
jare most artistic, and their appeal is
wardrobe, and is every bit as popular ^_^^^^_^^^_^^_____^_______^_____
with her audiences as any of the afore  general.    They   are   instrumentalist.-
enumerated.
Motor Madness is a thrilling assortment of acrobatic stunts performed
with a bunch of apparatus and motorcycles. Tliere will be four other acts,
all of them extra good and acting as
an insurance for thai quarter uf your
receiving triple its face value.
* * *
ORPHEUM THEATRE
Mortons, names to conjure with,!��n they'have^made    a tour of the
te at  the Orpheum next week. | wor)d that has taken about five ycar.
:*-ng ^^fMu-^h
JMBOB
sAjflbh.
Si!.y::
Clara  Morton,  one  of  the  original
Four Mortons, names to conjure with
will  1 	
Miss Morton is assisted by Frank
Sheen, in a musical diversion. M
Morton is a most versatile young per-1
son, and in her present skit she appears to better advantage than ever
before. She was the first performer
to dance and play her own accompaniments at the same time. She sings
well, is an instrumentalist, ami above
all. a comedienne.
Youth   lias   made   inure   conquests
than   all   the   conquerors   in   history.
This bright General is in charge of the
t entertainment offered by Ce".
\\iiin;!_: and Sadie Burt in "Songsa)
ings," in  eighteen  minutes  of enjoyable entertainment.    Personality, thai
much  abused  term, is  vvith  thi-  pair
in  quantity'.
VVentworth,   tlie    \mcri -an
Ilia,   v. ill  be  hcfe'lli'M   �� eek.
', I    ll -    ,'L'    '     Mi--.     \ Wilt A    -VI ll
ruing light    ipera ��� u  At
eighl of her succes ai
icr  intention  of going, into
���a. ami wenl al
'and vocalists. They both sing. One
plays violin and the other piano. They
contribute twelve minutes of-melody
that deserves and always receives recognition.
Richard Wheeler and Gertrude Do-
lan in 1917 offerings of characteristic
dances and gowns give five offering*
of wonderful dances. Wheeler and
bis partner have danced in practically-
all the civilized countries of the
world. Wheeler at one time was a
light weight pugilist.    With Miss Do
ve yea
to finish.    They started as a dancing
*'I feature   with   Mizi   Hajos     in   "Pom
i vaudeville  fur  a   time  and  their   five
'dances are meeting with  great favor.
Artist, musician, acrobat, comedian,
all in une. is the versatile Archie On-
; ri. And tu this add nil painting and
tumbling, you will have a combination that deserves unstinted praise.
Onri claims tu be tbe creator uf conv
edy with devilsticks. During his performance he is assisted by Miss Dol-
ly,  an  attractive
and   cai
able
young
woman,
The     i Irphi in
i    Trave
1    1
'ictures
ulav.   sci
Id   ai
ork
ami   ,i
Eur             0
rpbeum
phol
ry  par
tl ���  pi
ical pi   jra-i   i
al.
ri   i   1
Canada and the  Beef Problem
WITH tbe price of beef and ntnei
meats soaring to hitherto unheard-of heights, and every
newspaper carrying stories about the
future prices of boots and shoes and
other articles made of leather, there
may be a modicum of comfort to be
taken from the fact that the farmers
and ranchers of Western Canada are
now turning their attention to cattle
and stock raising to an extent ibut
would not have been believed possible
a few years ago.
The modern farmer Is very wide
awake, and especially those of the
three prairie provinces of Canada, and
naturally as soon as he saw the prices
of livestock soaring on the large world
markets he began to pay more attention to stoek raising, gradually finding as he did so that by combining It
with the grain production he was able
to make two profits where he hitherto
had one.
According to the figures given In the
Census and Statistics Bulletin issued by
the Department of Trade and Commerce
at Ottawa, all three of the western
provinces show large Increases In the
number of livestock raised in 1916, as
rompared with 1913, the year previous
to the war. Although there had been
a slight gTadual Increase In the years
Immediately preceding 1913, all classes
of livestock except swine show greater
percentage of increase in the years
after the commencement of the war
than those previous. The figures for
hogs show a decrease, due to the several large war orders received by some
of the western packing firms from the
allies.'" One firm alone is said to have
received an order for hata and bacon
that called for 350.000 head of hogs.
vJThe   increase   in   the   number   of
sheep  is  one ot  the
tures of the government report.
Increase,   approximately
which is very gratifying,
smaller   farmers   of   the
tea-
^^^    The
30   percent,
Many of the
west  have
started small flocks of sheep, as they
have found out that the climate was
very suitable to them, provided a certain amount of shelter was supplied
during lh* short periods when Che
weather might otherwise be too severe.
There are several large Hocks in the
west, and the success ttiat the owners
of these have met with has prompted
the smaller farmers to start flocks. Aa
an excellent price was obtained for
wool this year, ranging a* high aa 36
cents a pound, and averaging ten
pounds of wool per animal, the industry thus received another impetus.
One sheep owner in Alberta was of
tered $12.00 per head for his entire
flock of 6,000 bead. He refused the
offer and also another of (7.50 per
head for 1,600 lambs. A. short time
after refusing these offers he purchased another 500 ewes.
The report estimates that there are
at present 2.048,354 rattle in the three
western provinces, 565,709 being mileb
cows and tlie balance beef and other
cattle.     This   shows   an   increase   oO'ov animals of a very high class, both
| nearly 15 percent over 1913, and alsp1***- **������"**-  ���'���-*- ���J '������ ���'���'-
I the very  large number of beef cattle
I that  have  been  marketed  during  the
past couple of years must be taken into   consideration.     Many   large   war
���orders were filled In Western Canada.
The  Dominion  and  Provincial  Governments   and   the? Canadian   Pacific
j Railway, through its Agricultural and
j Animal Industry Branch, have all aided (he fanners in every possible way.
and have  published  broadcast  literature showing the best results that have
been obtained on the various experimental and demonstration farms. The
Canadian Pacific has several ot these
farms throughout the West, with an
expert in charge of each, and at every
cattle sale these farms are represented
for breeding, milch and beef animate.
The experts In charge of the^e farmB
will at all times aid in any way they
can the farmer who seeks advice with
reference to the beat stock to go in for
and also the proper way to secure the
greatest results.
As an instance ot the demand for
good breeding stock, eighty-one head
of shorthorn cattle realized $27,620 at
a Bale recently, held a' Calgary, Alta.
The top price obtained was JSSi, whlc*
was   paid'for   a   thoroughbred  bull,
while the average price was $340, and
when it is known that 65 of these animals were under eighteen months old,
it will be seen that they were a fine lot
of animals.
While there is no prospect of an immediate reduction in the price of meat
as a result of the increased interest
displayed by the farmers of the West,
the prairies of the Canadian West have
unlimited room for the raisin? of all
kinds ot livestock; and with the farmers taking a greater interest In llve-
i stock than ever before, Canada is destined to glay a large part in Solving
the meat problem which the world now
j faces, and which Is likely to become
still more acute at the close of the war
when European .countries will be buying animals to replej*_..i_ their ken EIGHT
Wkt
SATURDAY,  FEBRUARY 24. 1917
BUY NOW AND SAVE MONEY
mfsWmmm    ���____iia��a��_^^_M__^^____WM���ii��____^a���sMa��_W_^a��^>Wa��a���
100 OVERCOATS
TO   BE   CLEARED   OUT   AT
1-3 off regular price
LATEST   STYLES   AND   ALL   SIZES
WM. DICK LIMITED
The Greatest Clothiers in the Great West
Two Big Stores for Men
33, 47  and 49  HASTINGS  STREET  WEST
CAMPBELL'S
-���'IHI'U'IIOOI.' WAREHOUSE.
MAKE YOUR DOLLARS
FIGHT
At   THE   FRONT.
BUY
DOMINION OF CANADA
THREE-YEAR
War Savings Certificates
$ 25.OO   for
50.00     "
100.00      "
$21.50
43.00
86.OO
INDIVIDUAL PURCHASES LIMITED TO $1500.
FOR FULL PARTICULARS APPLY AT ANY BANK
OR ANY MONEY ORDER POST OFFICE
JAN. 9, 1917
F"INANC
i^   Department
Ottawa
Social Welfare Institute and Exhibit
STORE   YOUR   MERCHANDISE   IN   OUR
MODERN   WAREHOUSE
Brokers, Commission Men and others who carry merchandise and
other goods in Vancouver, will find our large, commodious and well-
lighted warehouse IDEAL, for that purpose.
This building is conveniently located, vvith railroad siding, team
delivery platforms, elevators and other special conveniences.
Special inducements are now offered both for offices and storage
space.
Security   Fireproof   Storage   and
Moving  Co.  Limited.
The   Campbell   Storage   Co.   Ltd.
786  III.ATTY  ST. Phone Sey. 7360
SAFE FOR BABY
'J'he important features of our splendid milk aupplj���the healthy,
contented cows, the careful fanners, the scrupulously clean carrying
cans, are made doubly attractive by the scientific pasteurizing process
at our sanitary dairy.
So perfectly is oUc milk' handled������-do excellent are our facilities,
that we have no hesitation in saying that Sou-Van Milk is the safest,
cleanest and must reliable milk obtainable in Vancouver.
The fact that Sou-Van Milk is delivered fresh in sterilized bottles
is an important reason why you should give it to baby and the children.   Phone Fairmont 2624 or ask our drivers for a trial bottle.
SOU-VAN MILK
(SOUTH VANCOUVER MILK COMPANY)
SCIENTIFIC DAIRYMEN 29th and FRASER
The Social Welfare Institute and
Exhibit which has been held in the
Hamilton Hall during the past week
is one of the greatest enterprises yet
undertaken by the Social Service
Council of this city. Such practical
exhibitions are surely doing a National service.
* * *
Hut, wc might well ask. why was
such a unique demonstration of educational- hygiene and conservation
held in such a dismal, dilapidated
place as Hamilton Hall? It ought to
have .been held in the grand hall of
thc Hotel Vancouver. Much less
worthy objects have been given more
consideration and encouragement.
Tbe exhibit proper was poorly displayed and unattractively laid out.
The lectures and talks were miserably attended, and tbe interest shown
in thc whole affair by the general public was disappointing, and discreditable to a city oi such size as Vancouver.
The people of Vancouver needed
this Institute. The school board
ought to have taken more interest in
tbis Institute. Every teacher in tbe
city ought to have had an opportunity of attending every lecture. The
trustees could have learned a great
deal from what was said at many of
the gatherings. Some of them would
have found out that education meant
more than party politics. The aldermen might have spent a profitable
afternoon there. It would have been
more beneficial to thc city at large
had they done so. than some of the
investigations they have recently held
have proven. Some of the "great"
city preachers might have attended
oftener. Their congregations and
Sunday schools would appreciate talks
on such subjects once in a long time.
It would be a change from the rehashed piffle of recent days. A few
hibernating doctors might have condescended to countenance the affair of
an evening, now that there are no
$300 appendicitis cases on band, owing, doubtless, to the slump in real
estate and the high cost of living.
Some of them, even doctors, ''don't
knuw it all." Some of the political ladies of our community, too, could have
received a few ideas for an "afternoon
tea-talk" at the institutes, It must
bc monotonous for tbenr to be studying the rules of debate all the time.
A few wrinkles on how to keep the
baby clean and comfortable might be
appreciated by even a- "political" mother. And last, but not least, the
working man might have placed bis
pipe and paper in the corner for one
evening and gone down 'town and
beard and seen what some honest-
minded, good-spirited citizens are
seeking to do for hint and for his
offspring. Even a working man can
get a new idea ill these last days.
I
We attended as many of the lectures as we could. Some of tlieni were
delivered by amateurs, and were painful tn listen to. Others were given
by high and mighty theological professors, who might well be al the
front, handling a Ross rifle for King
and Country. Tliey might possibly
be of some service there. They were
out oi place al the Institute. Tlie addresses by tin- experts were all ex
cellent.
*  . +
Father O'Boyle spoke one afternoon 1" a few old men and women on
'The Prevention qf Slums and a Scientific Building Code." The learned
rector nf the Pro-Cathedral was very
candid in his introduction. "What I
am about to say is only a re-hash pf
ther men's ideas" was how he introduced himself. Hut it was really
something more. It was interesting
and  profitable  and  set  one  thinking.
Phone Highland 137
Grandview Hospital
1099 VICTORIA DRIVE
VANCOUVER     -     B.C.
Metal : Svpod : Mitenity
Rat��  from |t|J9 per wnk
Classified Advertising
FLORISTS
BROWN BROS. It CO., LIMITED,
Seedsmen, Fiorina, Nurssrjrmem, 41
Halting! St. E., and 7S2 Graavillt
Street, Vancouver, B. C
WATCHMAKER
lt,MO WATCHES vU CLOCKS
wanted te clean and ttfmt at tht
factory, 4JS RICHARDS STREET
Father O'Boyle did not pretend to
know anything about the Building
Qode. He did not need to tell us
that. It was self evident from his
remarks. lie talked about the
shacks on False Creek as the slums of
Vancouver. Now these may be slums
all right, but what could you call the
bouses on Homer and Richards and
Cambie Streets? * Are these not
slums, and all within a stone* thrown
pf hte Pro-Cathedral?
* * *
And talking of Building Codes, has
anyone ever seen the Building Code
of the City of Vancouver? And if
tliey have, where was it when the
West-end Rooming Houses of the
Dum-bell type, said to have been
owned at one time by prominent
members of some Social Service
Council, or other, were built? Houses
without any air shaft or ventilation
accommodation, and buildings where
toilets and bedroom; and kitchens are
all   ventilated   from  thc   same  well.
What about the stables in the ivesl
end lanes that used to he rent! ! oul
by the aristmcratic social servi.t
winking church members) lo (lie sub-
merged during the riotous, rollicking
days of the real eslate frenzy? Cut
busy, dear Father O'Boyle, and make
a survey of the west-end .slum.-. No,
you are wrong, all the slum districts
nf large cities are nut always situated in the east end. Vancouver has
them all over the city.
it    ft    *
.Mr. Jonathan Rogers spoke at the
same meeting, bul added nothing of
serious interest to the discussion. He
told us how he helped to lock the door
when the horse had been stolen.
When he was in the council, that august gathering of Building Code experts passed a law that no building
in Vancouver could be over ten stories in height. "I was responsible for
that," said Jonathan, with some pride.
After all thc sky scrapers had been
built and every ray of Cod's free sunlight that could bc shut out had been
excluded, and when all the children
had thereby been driven into slum-
dom, the tibiquittious city by-law was
.passed.
* * *
And talking of parks and open spaces and Building Codes, we would
like to ask why are there no parks in
ward eight? When Alderman Rogers rang us up and solicited our vote
as per usuhl, wc omitted to call his
attention to the fact that something
might be done to the open space reserved at 24th Avenue East and
Trince Edward Street. Of course, we
are all working folks out there, and
do not have any pull wilh the Park
Board, but we have jusl as many children out there, per 33 feet lot, as there
is on any other .13 foot lot in the west
end of the city. And we want that
open space jnit in shape for use this
summer.
tt * *
The nation's greatest asset is the
child, and every possible in piiry
should be made to assume that a mother and her child are properly provided for. Infantile mortality in Canada is greater than in Great Britain,
being 140 per thousand. In Xew
Zealand il reaches its minimum, with
a yearly death rale of 76 per thousand. The number of deaths is so great
that taking civilized countries, with
the exclusion of the Indian Empire,
an infant under a vear dies every 10
seconds of time. These interesting
facts were disclosed at one of the
gatherings by Dr. K. I). Carder. Government aid to provide food in case
of poor people and a proper regulation of the milk supply for infants was
advocated. We are a long way from
perfection in these matters in llritish
Columbia, but it is gratifying to know-
that expert knowledge upon such affairs is being obtained through' the
medium of our Social Service work.
The high infanl mortality rate of Canada is alarming and more so in such
decimating times as these in which
we 'now live,
* * *
Many amazing facts regarding the
Canadian Immigration problem were
giveflfat some uf the sessions. For
instance, it was slated that lhe British face was not predominant in Canada. The total immigration of Canada up In tlie year 1914 was 38 per
cent British, 35 per cent, from llie
United States of America, and 27 per
cent, from various parts of Europe
and Asia. Ol ihose admitted from
the lr. S. A., a considerable proportion
though  English-speaking, is non-BrP
tisli in origin.
The great question of dealing with
our immigrants bas never been seriously studied by the folks in Canada.
We welcomed tbe mongrel classes of
the face of the earth here, and encouraged them to come. Now we arc'
face to face vvith a possibility of a
British Dominion being largely foreign in character. Wc must cope with
tbis situation before the end of the
war, otherwise we are liable to be
overwhelmed. Canada should not be
the dumping ground of the world's refuse. But before those who have
conic, and whose money and lives
have been invested in this country
we must place in the most attractive
light the best which we have developed in our social and national life.
On the other hand, the needs and possibilities of the immigrant must be
shown to the Canadian people in a
sympathetic manner.
* * * ��
...liile.  a-  we  haw  pointed  out.  the
attendances  were small,  much good
'inuil have been dime through the me-
j ilium 1.1' these institutes and exhibit-,.
TllC Social Service Council deserves
all commendation and encouragement
in ibis good work, and despite what
the morning SL'.V  may say. to the
contrary, we consider the money well
spent,
* *  ft
Permanent institutes and exhibits
on Social Welfare should be established iu eyery city and town in British Columbia. The vice districts in
onr inland mining towns, which are a
disgrace to our Province, could not
flourish were the people alive to Ihe
ravages of such fearful disease.', is are
expused at these social welfare exhibit-.. W'e are a long way behind in
II. C. in this kind uf education and
the suoner the little municipalities
and villages recognise that money
spent upon such eulei prises is not
thrown away, but that an investment
iu that which leads to tbe conservation and upbuilding of the race is one
which must yield tbe highest possible
profitable returns. Every loyal citizen should do all in their power to
promote such righteous interests,
���    .������,���'.;.-
-'":n:..,.i
The British Columbia Life Assurance Co.
fj REVIFAV of the financial statement of the British Col
umbia Life Assurance Company shows that the Company have carefully overcome lhe results of the financial
depression for the year 1916. The result of which shows
great credit is clue to the management.
�� A scrutiny of the figures will show that the income from
renewal premiums amounted to $75,282.42, or about $3,500
more than in 1915, while the first year premiums amount
to $13,136.95, a very satisfactory amount. The interest receipts, notwithstanding the moratorium and the
continued inactivity in real estate, were $10,384.29. The expenses for the year amounted to $45,157.07, a reduction"of
$21,000 over the previous year.
fl Payments to policyholders were $31,056.75, including
death claims of $12,352.87, of which $9,261.25 were from
war causes. The total mortality experienced vvas 52
cent, less than the expected.
>er
|f The bonds and debentures owned by the company were
increased by Sl'7,500.00 to $82,483.10, through the purchasing^* f Canadian government war bonds.
l[ The directors' report announced that il was deemed advisable to carry the entire
e surplus to the invesiment reserve
lo $13,504.30.    This fund is a
fund, which now amount
provision against possible depreciation in the company's
investments.
1! The directors elected for lhe ensuing year
.Shatford, M.J'.J'.iT. IL Ladner, j. X.' K
J. T. Phelan, E A. Cleveland, I'. "
K. 1). Simpson.
>lli
is,
French.
L. W.
J. Banfield,
I.. (luiehon,
!I!H
A Perfect Cure For The High Cost Of Living
jgjENATOR THOMAS, Democrat of Colorado, expressed the opinion in the American Senate ai Washington
llie other day, when speaking upon ihe question of "the
bread riots in Xew York* lhal increases in salary were no
cure for the high cost of living. Those who control food
prices would raise them lo keep pace with the salaries. That
is not the way to remedy bread riots, said Senator Thomas.
"The way lo deal with thai is to take those who corner food
supplies by the throats. I disli.Ve i
America, bul I can see lhal il migl
wards relief."
see lood riots in free-
he lhe I'iiv,    slep to-
We wonder if Senator means thai he would strangle to
deatli all these Wall Streei parasites who prey upon the
people and lhe produce of the country. It so, we do not
altogether agree wilh lhe worthy Colorado representative
in lhe method of death proposed. We would line ihem all
up against the wall, in good old Chinese fashion and shoot
them right off. This is the only sane and sensible way of
meting out justice to grafters. And in Canada we should
propose to begin in the House of Commons.
lll!llilillllll!!ll!lilll!!!!l!i!ll!nil!iillill!:i!!lli;
Canada the Young Man's Opportunity
(Continued from page 5)
I'^'i;: .-    ���  ���    ^m'hA
With tlie exception of a few items,
all the lectures and clinics were interesting and instructive. Child life
and need for investigation thereinto
was admirably presented. Playgrounds and prevention of diseases
were   all   thoroughly   discussed,   and
himself firmly in some department of
activity in this great constructive period of his country's development, will
have' let pass a golden opportunity.
Let not the allurements of ease and
pleasure, nor the fear of privation
and hardship deter you from getting
your feet i firmly on the ground in
some business that will help make
Canada, and let neither thc promise
of sudden wealth nor the threat of
disaster prevent you from keeping
them there. ' .
Canada   is  essentially    the   young
man s country and the young man's
opportunity. There never was a time
or place where the sterling qualities
of vigorous young manhood would
bring a surer return than here and
now; in Canada. The opportunity is
great.   The responsibility is upon you.
After ali:
"What constitutes a state?
Not  high-raised battlements,  or labored mound,
Thick wall or moated gate.
No: Men, high-minded men.
Men, who their duties know.
But know their rights, and knowing,
dare maintain,
These constitute a state.''
fl For PRINTING ��� THE STANDARD ��� Sey. 470 fi

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