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The Saturday Chinook Feb 5, 1916

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Vol. IV, No. 39���Established 1911
Price Five Cents
tii'-om-i'i m. muiuiav
'���The truth al all timrn flrml> bIiiiiiIk
And iihall from ngr lo >ne cnilurj."
themselves, retailers in
dare that the coal mine
British  Columbia's  coal  mining industry lias been c:
ploited by the company promoters.  That is one reason why
poor people in Vancouver tonight must turn to a blackened hearth.
Take the  case of the Ganadian  Collieries  (Dunsmuir)
OST people whn know Honest John Oliver regard
him as an eminent authority upon agriculture, whose
intimate knowledge of mosl  things pertaining to
the Province of Britisl   Columbia fits him for a-place in
the next Provincial Legislature, if not at the head, at least
at thc right hand of thc leader of the Liberal party,
Mr. Oliver is more than an agriculturist, lie is an educationist   Here is tin- story:
i here are five tons in the Oliver family. Some years
ago these five hoys worked wiih their dad tilling the manor
at I.ailners. They hail not been rusheil lo school and their
young heails had not been over-crammed at the hands of
modern school teachers. Tin.- oldest, a full-grown man
anil the others ranged hei'us  twenty-three.
One fine ilay, Honest Joho Oliver called the hoys into
a family council.
"You're getting along in wars, young fellows," said he.
"Vou are now coming to the point where you must choose
the courses you wish  to take in  life.    I  have done all  1
FOLLOWING   the  publication  in   these  columns  last
week of an article protesting against the extortionate
prices put into effect hy Vancouver coal merchants,
.have  had  many  explanations  from  the  concerns  engaged in the retail coal trade.
They claim  that there is little profit in coal  for  them
after they  laud  the  hags at  the  householder's  do,.r,  pay-
office rent, labor, freight.    And on behalf of the coal mines | *'e courses you  wish  to take  in  life.     I   have done
ome quarters are prepared to de-1 ca" l" father J'"" a"d bring you to what you are
iwne'rs are not making any profit.   lller'-' is littte left for me 1" ''" *'lvc' L'illu'r '" stake -v"11
���v  Ito some land which you might till and grow your livings
upon or give you an education so that you may enter some
. I of the professions."
"Today," said the father, "we must choose."
It is related by a friend of the Oliver family lhat Honest
uited.   Here was a property which was worth, at a con-'J"'"' "'��" ��-'��- "*���" ��***-������ the five boys thc exact worldly
-native valuation, some $6,500,000.   A great railroad CO'.-! P��sitibn of tl,c household.   Theresas thc homestead farm
pany had made such an offer for it.
Messrs.  Mackenzie  and  Mann  took  the  property over,
the Dunsmuir interests a terrific figure for it. Then
they promoted a company at something like $22,000,000.
They sold the stock over among the gullible English investors.
Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir) Limited promised to pay-
stock holders a.dividend, It was humanly impossible to do
so on such a tremendous over-capitalization. There was
the Nanaimo strikes to fool the stock holders over in Great
They will have to get more than $7-00 a ton for their coal
if they pay dividends at Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir)
Limited. So look out for further rises in thc price of
coal. The watering of the stock of the Canadian Collieries
(Dunsmuir) Limited was done under sanction from the
Provincial Gov.ernifient.
where John Oliver had settled thirty-nine years before,
i here was another piece of land near by and a tract of farm
land iu Pitt Meadows for which lhe father that week had
been offered a large sum of money.        i
"Hoys," said Honest John, "we can farm together and in
time if we work our land and tend to business we'll each
of us be well fixed. Hut I can sell the Pitt Meadows property and raise enough money to give some of you an
"Father," said the second boy. "render unto me the things
that arc mine and I will away to school. I want to be a
"I vote fior 'me of the learned professions." said another
of the boys. And when the ballots were counted, four sons
were out to till tlieir minds and one son was prepared to
continue in the honorable calling of his father.
Now these boys had not any education to speak of save-
that picked up at the public schools. If they were to attend University, then they must be prepared to meet a
stiff entrance examination.    Should ..the.Jour- boys gn-tn
In the capitalization of another coal company, much wa
���_,    - .,  ,.^,'m��� .,     Jan expensive preparatory school?    Jtcre was the problem
ier wan added * Poor 'Doctor Yintng s $105,001: worth of ' , ��� , .   .    ...  u        .-. ...,.       c ���
rer was uuueu.       ���   v"vv > o     i I for t|](, fat)ler w|nch carried with it possibilities of immense
stock which was placed in his hands because he schemed  expenditure 0f the family funds right from the beginning.
with the company to get favors from the Government will |     g0 Honest John Oliver pondered upon the problem of
have to earn a dividend.   So coal may have to go up an-i giving the lads a preparatory course that they might be
  .      .    ,.    .,,, n. ��� ���,, .,��� Lj. st,���.i- | fitted for McGill or Toronto.
other dollar in order to fix the Doc up on Ins stock.
Some days bad passed before a definite education policy
In order to successfully water the stock of a great com-1 ^ ^.^    ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ Qf ^^ ^.^ ^
���pany or any company which handles either food or fuel, j fafm am| next day a carp(.nU.r camc trom New Westmin-
���or any of the necessities of life, two classes of people are ; ster    Neighbors thought that Honest John had gone into
bound to suffer.    Thc workmen engaged upon producing j real estate and was sub-dividing his farm when they saw
the goods  for such  a company  will bc  worked  to death
ACCORDING to a paragraph which appears iu the
COLONIST, it seems that Victoria will celebrate
the Shakespeare Tercentenary, which falls noon
April of this year. In these busy days of war. literary
matters get overlooked, so we may be forgiven for reminding our readers that April 23 will be the three hundredth
anniversary of Shakespeare's death, and it is also^lhe anniversary of his birth, which also happens onfcApril 2.1.
By one of those happy and glorious coincidences this,
the greatest of all Englishmen, was born on St. George's
It is due to Vancouver to say that in this city this Tercentenary has not been forgotten. Active spirits have
been at work on the matter for months and the only reason plans have not been published is that it was thi ught
desirable that certain details should be settled before much
publicity to the matter was given. It will not surprise
readers of the SATURDAY CHINOOK to hear that the
same active and enthusiastic mind which did so much to
make the Dickens Centenary a success in Vancouver, has
been at work on Shakespeare. Mr. J. Francis Bursill, better known as Felix Penne, of the WORLD, initiated a
Shakespeare celebration for Vancouver and has already
brought his arrangements into shape. He interviewed
Mr. Douglas of the Carnegie Library with regard to the
Shakespeare Exhibition of a similar character to the
Dickens Exhibition, which was so successful a few years
ago. Mr. Douglas has entered into tbe scheme with his
weal-known literary enthusiasm and there will be at the
Carnegie Library an exhibition of "Shakespeariana" which
will fairly astonish the city.
Mr. Bursill has also arranged for sermons to be delivered in prominent churches upon such subjects as "Shakespeare and the Bible," "Shakespeare, Patriot," and it is
hoped that Professor Gowan will repeat his splendid lecture on "Shakespeare, an Englishman." In co-operation
with Mr. Harold Nelson Shaw, who, of course, will lake
the lead in the matter, a Shakespeare Masque will be given
and performances of Hamlet, The Merchant of Venice and
Romeo and Juliet.
Addresses will be given by permission of the School
Trustees at all the schools ill Vancouver and Greater Vancouver. Monographs will be printed and it is on the cards
to have a Shakespeare Supper and a Shakespeare Ball. It
is due to Mr. Bursill, of the WORLD, that we should ask
everybody interested in the matter, to communicate with
him on this subject and it is with pleasure that we say
that the SATURDAY CHINOOK will be delighted to do
all in its power to aid a celebration which is not narrowed
hy any boundary of locality but has a real imperial significance.
his inheritance, literary and otherwise, and fight for them
to'be ifcpt Hritish Still and not Gcruiauized...-   - -- ���
ucrilic.e t:\t-ry month
the next
to make this inline
few months.
There is another man at the Vancouver City Hall who
ham i given a penny to the Patriotic Fund. He enjoys a
large wage���over fifty dollars a week. He is not overworked and he has only a certain amount of detail to bother his mind with.. He has few worries, the chief being
that of keeping in right with certain of the powers that be.
At the City Hall there arc those who have done handsomely by the Fund, have contributed loyally. Hut as
compared with the generous treatment the Fund has received from the Provincial Government employees in the
Vancouver district, Municipal employees have not fallen
over themselves in the rush to assist this fund which has
been created to properly provide for the families of the
men who have enlisted or will enlist for active service
overseas. The Government employees of the Vancouver
district have responded in a body and each month they
will give a day's pay. Thus $726.90 will be forthcoming
monthly from  the   Provincial  service  locally.
It would be well if the authorities would provide some
means of publicly exposing those men who fatten off the
public purse and coldly refuse to respond in any reasonable manner to the call of freedom and independence. Of
all classes in the community the men who draw their living from the municipal corporations or from the Government should be the first to respond to the call of the Canadian Patriotic I-'und.
Well regulated clubs have bulletin boards upon which
the names of members who are in arrears with fees are
sometimes placed. It would bc well to post the names in
a prominent place of all the worthy gentlemen of ease and
affluence who turn away canvassers for the Canadian
Patriotic I-'und or fail to give according to their means.
A GOOD THAW will remove the ten feet of snow which
at present shrouds the Pacific and Great Eastern Railway.
There is little chance ol" a thaw in the public attitude towards thc road's demand for another six and a half million.
* * *
IT IS SUGGESTED .in some quarters that a few changes
in the staff at the City Hall would greatly increase efficiency there and effect considerable of a saving in public
i' * *
IN MANY QUARTERS the municipal corporation is regarded as an easy,proposition to be worked to the limit.
From reports received from the City Hall, there are men
the lime when the Briton should take stock o(|cnSagcd on jobs in some of the departments who actually*
believe  that th
still obtains
e prosperity of Mayor Taylor's first term
at low wages and the persons who are forced to buy the
goods from such a company will be faced with exorbitant
One way to assist watered slock propositions, low wages in the coal belt, high prices for food and coal, is for a
mail  to  get out  during  the  next  fortnight  and  vote
Mr. Charles Tisdall, who has been a humble supporter
coal companies, railroad companies and all the other i
porations whose business is bribing governments to seC
the privilege of sand-bagging the people.
Till',   lion.  Crawford  Norris, of  Manitoba
among the
rns, oi   .viainioii.i,  stands  out
talesmen  of  Canada  as  being  the   first
Provincial  Premier to give lhe women the ballot.
He is the leader of the first Provincial Government tO���
put  into  effect  thc   initiative  and  referendum, a   nicasiu
est form of democracy may find expre
in which th
The Norris Government, in pursuance of the principle
of initiative and referendum, have committed themselves
lo an obligation to act upon the will of the people, as it
may bc expressed in the referendum vote on the subject ol
Prohibition, lhe Government have agreed to totally prohibit the sale of intoxicating lisuors by law in case the
people decide that they desire it. In the event of their
defeating the referendum on the liquor question,. Mr. Norris has committed himself to the passage of such laws
regulating the traffic as will result in a minimum of the
sales of liquor and an improvement in the regulations governing the traffic. ���
Agriculture is receiving the assistance ol th
ment Premier "Norris has announced that it is his
tention to assist the farmer by affording the farmers of
the country thc facilities to obtain cheaper money and m
bis way he proposes to place the farming community bc-
ond the rapacity of the chartered banks of Canada.
~ Here are four great reforms which will be crysta l.zed
into laws by acts of the legislature and we commend this
programme to the consideration not only of the lories ot
the Province of British Columbia, but to the Liberals as
well. Premier Norris has been in power little better than
four months, and in that time if he has not redeemed all
kis pre-election pledges, his conduct at least constitutes a
record which the rest of Canada would do well to emulate.
Premier Norris is a practical farmer, born m the Pro-
>ince of Ontoria, but developed in western Canada an<
educated in the bard school of experience. A successful
farmer and for many years a valuable representative In
the Manitoba Legislature, he finds himself today at the
bead of one of the most progressive and up-to-date governments under the British ��� iag.
the roof of a new house among the trees in the orchard.
A fence was built about the house and a well was. sunk
and a garden was begun.
What was the new house for?    Was it for the oldest
Oliver boy?
va" |     A few days pass and then a light wagon stops at  the
r a j Oliver front gate and a gentleman in black, with glasses
f��r I with silver rims, with a hand satchel, steps down.
"M     He is escorted to the new house.    He is the tutor for
the Oliver family.   The house is to bc his home for a year
and a  few months over.      There  is a  class room in the
house where four lusty young Olivers will be initiated into
the mystery of Latin and Greek and mathematics and history and such other subjects as the tutor may outline.
When the time came round for the opening of the Universities the next year, the Oliver brothers had successfully passed the entrance examinations, two heading the
During the time the. tutor held forth on the farm. Honest
John did not require any hired bauds. The boys studied
only thc hours usual in the schools and before and after
classes they applied Iheir hands diligently to such exercises as milking thc cows and cleaning the stables and
hunting the eggs. Their campus was the broad area of the
farmstead; their gymnasium the harvest field and apple
Honest John was out only seventy-five dollars a month
on the fitting of his four hoys for the great universities of
the east.
CAPTAIN ROBERTS lives across the road and
as we were leaving our castle this morning we
encountered the Captain engaged with a snow bank.
"The first year I came to Vancouver," said the Captain,
"It snowed like this. Hut the sun came out February 1
and for one month there wasn't a cloud crossed the sky.
I planted the garden in the middle of February that year.
And we had a fine summer. I predict good weather from
now forward.   The snow will be gone in a few days."
The Captain has been to sea for twenty-five years and
he scans the skies with the weather eye of a seasoned expert.
We were overjoyed to think that summer was almost
upon us and proceeded cheerfully to work. We turned a
corner to run into another neighbor, who, in discussing
the weather, swore that the hard spell would continue for
some time. Vancouver, he said, had tougher weather than
"Upon what experience do you predict a continuation
of this bad weather." we asked.
"Ten years on thc Atlantic seaboard before tbe mast."
Not wishing to engage in an argument, we agreed that
maybe the second man knew what he was talking about.
Privately we believe lhat he is out ml his calculations for
all that, just aboul fifteen years. We are belting our money
on Cap Roberts.
STAND   on  a  Hastings  Street corner  any   night   at
about  nine o'clock.    Observe  the new  faces  in  the
passing throng.   Notice the clothes of the strangers,
their eyes, their jewelry, their shoes.
What Dr. Mark Matthews said at the big Prohibition
banquet the other night is true. The Dry laws in adjoining Provinces and States arc driving the scum of the
Northwest into wet British Columbia.
We have sojourning among us at the present rcpresen-  ni ana -.nug an.!
tatives of the under-world from Denver, Spokane. Seattle
and the cities of the prairies.   They turn out at about nine
the evening when the bright lights begin to burn and
you will sec them any night on Hastings Street.
Some of them have flashy, splashy clothes that are new
and they are polished from the boot heels up. Some of
them wear clothes which are of splashy cut but are old
and their shoddy material is showing. Some of them are
hungry and some of them have small stakes.
The advance guard only have reached Vancouver. The
great army will come in when the scouts report upon-**
situation here.
OCORDING to the newspaper reports at  a  public
g presided over by Reeve Winram, a resolution was passed condemning lhe Canadian Patriotic
Fuild and suggesting that the Government subscribe all
the money necessary tor the purposes for which the Patriotic  Fund is collecting.
We understand, further, that Reeve Winram spoke in
favor of the resolution.
If the facts are as stated���and we hope that there must
have been some misunderstanding���then the reeve and his
worthy ratepayers ought to he ashamed of themselves.
South Vancouver people are a heavy drain upon the
Patriotic Fund. Twice as much money is spent in that
municipality weekly by the Fund as is collected there.
If Reeve Winram has joined in any objection to the
cause of the Canadian Patriotic F'und he has displayed a
very small soul indeed. From his predecessor in office wc
would expect almost anything, but wc question whether
even that unfortunate fellow would be guilty of any deliberate attempt to oppose the public-spirited citizens
ontributiug to the Canadian Patriotic Fund.
THERE WILL BE a rude awakening which will bc for
the betterment of the public service and the betterment
of many civic employees who will be forced to. hunt their
own living.
* * +
THERE !S A disposition to tax employees of the School
Board and to slash tlieir salaries ruthlessly. A little more
attention to other quarters of thc public service would be
desirable at the present time.
* * ���
THE ANCIENT POET who wrote "Strike for your altars
and your fires" must have been a janitor of a church '."here
the coal bins were full.
ONE OF THE SEASON'S best sellers is "Nipped in the
Hud," by J. Frost, a tale of a Wilted Geranium.
* * *
NEXT TO SAFETY FIRST railway employees are now
enjoined to shovel snow.
* + *
IT IS PROPOSED to add a Minister of Munitions to the
Dominion Cabinet. Smajl-bore politicians are not eligible
for the position, but a member from the prairie natural
gas belt is mentioned :u the Ottawa dispatches.
THE PRESENT SPELL of frigid weather causes the
'Oldest Inhabitant" to scratch his think tank lo recall a
similar period since the Cariboo Hail was blazed
ANY  PERSON  HEARD singing "Old  Kin:   Coal is a
Jolly Old Soul" during the prevailing temperatu I is liable to indictment for lese Majesty.
* + *
"TURKEY IN THF. STRAW" is a favorite ditty wilh the
boys in khaki who are quartered at the horse -tables in
Minoru Park.
N the payroll of the City of Vancouver is a certain
man who hauls down a salary of over $300.00 a
month. His position is one of the warmest of the
several sinecures the City Hall has to offer. He gets his
$300.00 a month, more or less, and has not as much worry
or responsibility upon his shoulders as oil- own bright and
active office boy.
When the collectors for the Canadian Patriotic Fund
came around, Mr. Three Hundred Dollar Man stooped to
consider the proposition of making a contribution of $2.25.
prices than delivering goods.
prompter    advancing
same chance of receiving a dividend as thc camel, mentioned in scripture, has of negotiating the needle passage.
* * *
NOW DOTH THE busy plumber plumb from frosty morn
to chilly eve.
* * *
POSSIBLY TRUST COMPANY liquidators receive their
name from the habit they have of licking up everything
in sight.
* * *
B. C. HAS THE DISTINCTION of having the only portable capital on the continent. Wherever the Premier happens to hang up his hat is the scat of government, and the
camp followers follow in his wake.
* * t
AGENT-GENERAL TURNER is strongly opposed to abdication without compensation.
* * *
"THE CRISIS" IN many homes at present is empty coal
Being pressed, he thought that possibly he would be able  bins and frozen water pipes. rv/o
SATURDAY.   FEBRUARY   5.   1911
"Old Moon," a blind Indian, aged 85, who bad been ailing for a long time past, and who was a familiar figure-
in the district, died at Cliulus Reservation on Wednesday.
Yesterday his Indian friends were in Merritt. buying lumber for what they called "his box." the old man later being
reverently laid to rest at the reservation cemetery.���Nicola News.
Published every Saturday at the Chinook rrlnting House,
426 Homer Street. Vancouver.
Telephone  Seymour 470
Registered   at   the   Post  Office  Department,   Ottawa,   as
Second Class Mail Matter.
To ail points in Canada, United Kingdom, Newfoundland,
New Zealand and other British Possessions:
Postage to American. European anu other foreign countries
$1.00 per year extra.
The Saturday Chinook will be delivered to any address
in Vancouver or vicinity at ten cents a month.
Member of the Canadian Press Association.
The Saturday Chinook circulates throughout Vancouver
and thc cities, towns, villages and aettlements throughout
British Columbia. In politics the paper ia Independent
Liberal.   We do not accept liquor advertisements.
Publishers Greater Vancouver Publishers, Limited.
Has it occurred to the members of the Legislature that
the present might he an opportune season to consider a
language or educational test in extending the franchise to
Through the unpatriotic, selfish conduct of politicians
now driven into permanent oblivion���thank God��� Canadian citizenship was reduced to a pretty cheap low level.
New-comers from Australia, and elsewhere, no sooner
landed in the country than the four-flushing, country-be-
damned brand of politicians rushed through thousands of
naturalization papers, and thc next step was to enfranchise
these strangers to a full voice in affairs of state.
A citizenship worth having is surely worth some trouble
in the getting.
Is tbe time not opoprtune to put to the test some of
the restrictions suggested for guarding the country's franchise?
Is it unfair that in a British country voters should have
a speaking, if not a reading knowledge of the English language?
The enfranchisement of thousands of women to whom
fcngtish print is as unreadable as the inscriptions on an
obelisk, is a matter worthy of more than passing thought.
Some one may say, why single out the non-English
speaking or reading women? Thc answer conies back
why add to the dangers of citizenship?
We are living in special times. The men who speak the
...nglish language and the women who endure thc anguish
of the war are not those of a foreign tongue, save in rare
It is much easier to extend the franchise than to withdraw privileges once given.
The matter is one which wc have not had time to give
lengthy consideration, nor has there been much opportunity
for consultation With those who may have gone fully into
all the phases of the question. But the franchise bill has
been printed. It will shortly be considered in committee.
There may be merit in thc suggestion for a language test.
���Winnipeg Tribune.
More boosting for Mr. Flumerfelt. What the public
would like to know, however, is this: is the Colonist as
near the mark in its eulogies of the new Minister of Finance as it was in its persistent glorification of Sir William Mackenzie and Sir Donald Mann? Those two promoters fairly reeked with the incense volcanoed on them
by their local journalistic satellite.
* * *
Poor Sir Richard! lias it come to this? Yesterday
the Colonist, which used to publish his picture every Sunday, which somthered him with flattery at high-class advertising rates for which we taxpayers had to pay. intimated unmistakeably that in its opinion Mr. llowser"s
policy was an improvement upon his own.
* * *
Manitoba, after a long period of political stagnation, is
rushing along at a dizzy pace. Women have the right
to vote, to sit in the legislature, in tbe cabinet, and doubtless also in the smoking room. "This world do move" up
There is a story told about a yOUJig taily passenger on
one of the delayed eastbouiul traifis Ut North Bend. It
seems she was under the doctor's care, but as soon as the
free meals were coming she revived and ordered everything in sight.���Ashcroft Journal.
The City Council proceedings on Monday was the tamest
affair held for over a year. There were neither fireworks
nor oratorical flights, in fact every member seemed afraid
to open his mouth for fear he would put his foot in it.���
Courtenay Review.
The Observer desires to express its sincere gratitude
to those who so efficiently assisted in removing the plant
from this office, when threatened by fire last Saturday;
also to all who assisted in moving back after the danger
had been averted.���Cariboo Observer.
In our issue of last week we printed a story telling how
a grandson of the noted Louis Riel, of Riel rebellion fame
had been chosen by Acting Lieutenant-Colonel 11. 11. Matthews. D.S.O., of Nicola, and O.C. the 8th Winnipeg Battalion, to receive one of the four snipers rifles donated by
the residents of the Nicola Valley, through the medium
of the Commemoration Day Fund.
Since this information, which was conveyed by the Nicola officer from France, appeared in the News, exclusively,
the sad intimation has been received that Sniper Patrick
Kiel has been killed by shell fire.���-Nicola News.
It is reported that a C.N.R. easthound passenger got
stalled at Keefers with miles and miles of snow drifts
behind it and in front of it, and with no snow plow available. The passengers crossed the river by sonic means and
bought food from a little store on the line of the C.P.R.���
Ashcroft Journal.
The provincial government, on the ground of economy,
are considering the abolition of the provincial botanists'
department. This is a department of which the general
public hears little, its results are not to be measured in
dollars and cents. But from a scientific standpoint it is
doing admirable work. It has interested many teachers,
ranchers and others in the flora of British Columbia and
under the direction of Mr. J. Davidson, has accumulated
immensely valuable data. Although only about four years
in existence, the Botanical Office has been the medium of
attracting the attention of similar institutions in every
quarter of the world and of collecting flowers and herbs
and plants on a comprehensive scale.
The value of such a department of study and research
needs no emphasis; British Columbia is a paradise for botanists and the more widely known its flora becomes the
more the province will benefit. To take but one aspect
of the matter: it is now well recognized that the agricultural possibilities of regions of varied soil and climate can
be accurately estimated once the species of the prevailing
flora are known.
It is to be hoped the provincial government will reconsider their projected economy. The cost of the Botanical
Office is trifling; the results that it has to show are considerable. There are many other and more praiseworthy
methods of saving open to an economically-inclined government; let it leave Mr. Davidson's department alone.���
Vancouver World.
Our esteemed contemporary, George Murray, whose
name is at the head of thc editorial page of The Saturday
Chinook of Vancouver, makes the solemn declaration, in
a recent issue of his paper, that it is better for a man to
be a Tory than to be nothing.
The man who is really alive and enjoying the active use
of his brains, wifl, of course, according to George's way
of looking at it, be a Liberal; but a man to be a Liberal
must have been born with certain fundamental qualifications. If this native impulse be lacking, and all men are
not supplied with the necessary qualities of mind and heart,
a man must do the best he can. If he cannot be a Liberal,
then he ought to find some place where he will fit in. The
men who hold up their hands and sanctimoniously declare
that they belong to no horrid political party "are not much
use to themselves or their neighbors."
This is evidently the kind of medicine that is needed out
in British Columbia. According to the reports from time
to time, the people of the coast have allowed their indifference to political affairs to prevail to such an extent that
there soon won't be anything left to neglect.���Woodstock
In these days when nearly everybody's nerves are on
edge, and when every nation has grievances of one sort
or another against every other nation, the cool, calm phil-
sophy and homely reasoning displayed in the U. S. Senate recently by Senator Williams, of Mississippi, is a wel-
me relief. At the risk of retailing old news I am going
to quote some of Senator William's remarks, for it will
do no-harm to read matter of this sort over twice in any
Senator Hoke Smith, of Georgia, was riding his favorite
hobby of denouncing Britain's interference with American trade, and Senator Williams replied:
"Senator Smith's resolution would mean non-intercourse
with the allies. What would we look like, trying to bully
a big nation like England with our army of 90,0(10 and the
fourth navy of the world?"
"Does Senator Williams." asked Senator Hitchcock,
"know that sixty-three sacks of United States mail were
opened by Britain? That's violating the United Slates'
sovereignty. Would he tolerate the censoring of our mails
by Britttin?'1
"What the Senator wants me to say," replied Senator
Williams, "is that I'd have a lot of Americans and British
and Irish and Welsh and Canadians and Italians killed
because my mail is opened, but 1 won't say it.
"Of course I resent every act of a belligerent that violates our rights, but I don't care enough about it to shed
human blood over it. As to British censors handing oyer
our trade letters to British business men, I have doubts.
It strikes me that Great Britain is a little too busy at war
right now defending her life to be engaged in catching
on to trade secrets. We have 3,000 miles of undefended
Canadian border. I don't want my boys to go up there
killing 'Canadian boys, and Canadian boys coming down
here killing our boys just because somebody stopped somebody's mail on the way to Norway.
"I don't want to see Dixie put into the attitude of caring
just as much about property as the life of the women and
children sent to their graves in the ocean. Until the question as .to the loss of women and children is settled. I do
not intend to nag the President or his Administration, and
I think I would not nag a Republican Administration about
the loss of property. My people are,not ready to put cotton and human life on the same basis, especially when they
have sense enough to know that if the shipment of cotton
to  England and her allies was cut off, cotton    would be
worth about four cents a pound."
If there were more men of the type of the distinguished
Mississsippi Senator this would be a pretty peaceful and
comfortable old world to live iu.���Toronto Saturday Night.
Five able independent men in th" House of Commons
al Ottawa, would be of far more v;'""1 lo Canada than
the two hundred odil members who sit respectively at thc
feet of Borden and Rogers, and Laurier and I'ngsley.
A sermon- delivered in Winnipeg last Sunday morning
by Rev. E. Leslie Pidgeon on "The Thinking Men in the
Life of a Country." has a strong application to present
day conditions in Canada, and particularly in the parliaments, both central and provincial.
Mr. Pidgeon drew an anology between a ship's pilot
and a thinker. Perhaps the pilot did not know all the details connected with the running of the ship, but he knew
the course. In the same way, the thinker, removed from
the concrete spheres of human activity, was nevertheless
indispensable to the conduct of affairs because he discerned
principles and saw things whole. He might know little
of the detail of the world's work but what he did know, if
be was fit for his place, was the course which the world
should take. And it was his duty to give a clear call to
those in the concrete spheres. Every community needed
its pilot in this sense of the word. The history of the
fallen nations was the history of nations without prophets.
Where there were no men who lived in the upper air, in the
sphere which included everything else, there was nothing
to keep the community in its proper channel.
in this connection, the preacher examined the claim of
the "practical" man to be considered of first importance.
Was not the practical man frequently one who lived by
the calls of the moment and who picked out his course as
he went along without having any established principles
or goal to guide him? Practical men were peculiarly tempted to regulate everything by the exigencies of the moment.
That was why we had so many irregularities in our public
life. Men that did not live by Eternal principles were
liable tt! work on shortsighted policies.
The true pilot, continued the minister, had to be away
from the oarsmen. If he were too near them, he would
be inclined to handle his vessel with regard to their immediate wishes rather than with an eye to the vessel's
safety. It was necessary that society should make a place
for the pilots. The man whose whole life was turned iu
one direction, doing one particular concrete task, could not
be a pilot, no matter how honest and capable he might be
in his own line. The nation needed men in the universities antl men in private life whose needs were provided for,
antl who accordingly could set their minds to the study
of  those great  principles  by  which  alone  could    a  safi
course bc steeretl.
But without a great task and a great people, there could
be no great prophets. In this country the opportunity
existed to build up a democracy such as the world had ne
ver yet seen. It was necessary to have prophets to set
the vision, and a people responsive to the prophets. In
fact, the real test of a nation was its responsiveness to its
Every word of the above, no matter what shortcoming
Mr. Pidgeon had particularly jn mind, may be applied to
the public life of this nation.
Borden ami Laurier, in normal times, at least, are at the
bead of two carefully hand-picked bunches of party sports.
The game they play is party politics, and the goal is tlu
government buildings at Ottawa. The party bosses res'
as unsleepingly on their arms to guard against the part-
strategy of th eother fellows, as do the soldiers in the res
peetive trenches in  Flanders.
Prophets are not bred in the party atmosphere of Can
ada. Here ami there in parliament arc men iu whom tin
prophetic fire bas smothered and even broken into ;
flame occasionally, but the flare was brief when it canit
into contact with the wet blanket of party sordidity".
If the pulpits, antl more editors, and particularly tlu
people at large take the lesson from the war that our
young men are willing to fight and tlie for principles,
then the tlay of the prophets will be ushered in, in this
land. An arraignment of the public life of Canada by such
a notable Canadian figure as Principal McKay, of Vatican-'
ver, will not he passed up by the big newspapers of Ca,
ada as so much junk. , ue people, east antl west, will not
make it impossible for principle to triumph over pull ain'
pocket-nooks at the polls; and when in, say, some of Otn
rural constituencies the tanners place candidates in tin
field as the exponents of liberty and country, the same far
mers will not forget, when the supreme test comes t
cast the little tin gods of party behind them anil stand oul
ooldly and unitedly for Canadian idealism.
Five able, bright-minded idealists, pilots, who see with a
clear vision the course that Canada should antl might pur
sue towartls greatiness and a place of the highest respcel
among the nations, would, we say. be a greater asset to
this country than the two hundred odd sheep-like men at
Ottawa today who turn to the right, or more frequently tithe left, at thc crack of party whips. These whips for a
quarter of a century, or more, have really been in the hands
of the instruments of the most selfish interests.
Mr. Pidgeon spoke, in some measure, in the abstract,
though the undercurrent of his thought was plain.
Canada is in a frame of mind today to heed the warnings
antl take advice from, real pilots. Canadianism cannot,
forever, be false-facetl before the world and even among
ourselves by the politicians of the purely party type.���
Winnipeg Tribune.
Headquarters for line Printing
The Oldest Printing Office in
Vancouver. \ Formerly the Vancouver World Printing House.
fl Located at 426 Homer Street (the
old World Building), in the heart
of the city, fl Open day and night.
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In ;i modern, up-to-date fire-proof building. These are bright,
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Those having funds available will find our list of Municipal
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Canadian Financiers Trust Company
U-��J nfC.,. R-jo Hacmo'o Slr.of W��ct Vancouver   R. C.
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Sandy  says  B.   C.'s  snips  should  be
built o' wud���any amount at Victoria
Head Office:
839 Hastings Street West. Vancouver, B. C.
I'. Donnelly, General Manager.
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Oldest and Largest in Western Canada
Phone: Seymour 7360 Office: 857 BEATTY ST.
j, ���; .I-:. - -.      . '      !         ._���__
The Telephone Takes
The Miles Out of
When you want to phone to Vancouver Island, to
the Kootenay or down the Coast, use the telephone right
beside you Every telephone is a long distance telephone.
There is no difficulty in hearing the party at the other
So when you want lo telephone long distance, do so
from your own house or office.
You get your party, or you don't pay. That means
you get your answer.   And all in a few moments, too.
Weel  freens,  hoo arc  yae  a'  sur-
vivin' they   Liysr   Gee whiz! wud this
weather no gie yae the scunner? Twa
weeks o' hard frost an' snaw an' nac
ign o' a let up yet,
I 511 wlurr the weather man was
say-in' it was 6 above zero on Tuesday niornin', I'm thinkin' that fellie
l<ce|i- his thermometer haugin' on
his chest or else attached tae the
stove pipe.
What atween tliawin' oot dinged
uhl wiucr pipes, patchin' up burst
yins, saw in' wud an' cairryin' coal (ii
yae should be lucky enough tae hae
myi. cleanin' off sidewalks���an' the
yinptoms o' that infernal grippe ever
hangill' on yae���weel���an' fancy, gee,
tae hae a canvasser comin' tae the
door askin' yae if yaer in favor o'
I met a fellie the ither day an' he
wis tellin' me a funny story about
thawin' oot water pipes. He telt me
he had tried a' thing, an' it was only
in a kin o' fit o' desperation ���or insanity���lie had thocht "' the whus-
key, lie says it can cure almost a'
thing an' he thocht he wud hae a try
at il. lice whiz! Sandy, he says, it
acted like magic. In fact it thawed it
oot owre quick for it went an' burst
the pipe an' gien mc sic a cauld bath
thai 1 had lae drink the remainder o'
the bottle lae keep mysel frae gettill'
a hail cauld.
What a darned fide, if that wisnie
the heicht o' extravagance, it served
him richt.
i =
Excelsior  Life Insurance Company
A strictly Canadian Company, with a twenty-five year
honorable record.
DAVID FASKIN. M.A., President. Toronto
F. J. GILLESPIE,      -      Manager for British Columbia
Champion & White
Best South Wellington Coal
Lump $6.��0       Nut $5.52
I wunner if yae noticed in the paper
the ither nicht that oor ain white-
locked remittance man, the Honorable Sir Richard, had landed in the
auld country?
Noo, I didnie intend'tae refer ony
mare tae that son-of-a-gun, thinkin'
like a lot marc that we were weel
quit o' him, but yet it maks a fcllie's
bluid bile when he thinks o' that big,
fat dandy struttin' aboot London the
while us puir mortals are reapiu' the
esults o' his misgovernment.
No' content wi' amassin' a big fortune thc time he wis premier, he has
lhe tremendous gall lae tax the prb-
ince five or ten thoosan' dollars a
car in order tae keep him in pamper-
tl luxury owre in the auld country.
It sceiiis tae mc there's mare at the
jack o' this fcllie's "exile" than appears mi the surface. Hut why wc
hould hae tae fork out five thoosan'
, year (wi' extras, I suppose I efter
lim an' his pals practically milkiil' ,
he province dry. is marc than 1 can
inncrstaiin'. Maybe the Wee Fellie I {
an answer lhat questyin better than
* * *
Hooever. there's a guid chance comin' in the next week or twa. A bye-
clcction is lae he pu'd off m Vancoover in order tae gie thc electors
an opportunity o1 endorsin' the new
abiliet minister, Tisdall. 1 sincerely
hope the electors Tl endorse him���
iu the neck.
1 often wunner hoo II. C. ever geth-
ered thegither sic a bunch o' nonentities as we hae in the legislative assembly owre  at Victoria.
The Wee Keltic says he's gaun tae
gie us a business government. I never
kent o' us haen onything else in B.C.
Why Wnllie's been up tae the e'en
in bizness ever sin' 1 can min'. No'
content wi' actiu' as law agent for
the Croon when a hill came afore par-
lyinent. he. in a bizness-like wey, also
generally acted as private law agent
for the company or indeevidual. Wnllie's bizness has prospered exceedingly an' the Wee uelite is waxin'
fat owre it.
The electors shoulduic mak ony
mistake when they get the chance in
a week or so o' showiu' hoo muckle
we hae appreciated his  bizness  like
It wis miehty guid bizness,  for instance, when  Wullie  allowed  twa  or
i three thoosan' puir depositors tae be
|! robbed   o'   their   hard-earned   savin's
raither   than   risk   a   defeat   on   the
floor o' the hoose.''   He kent the bill
wis illegal, but it wis miehty guid bizness   for   him   an'   his   company   tae
"forget it
The Wee Fellie says he telt them it
wis  illegal,  but���Wullie  had  registcr-
his  "conscientious   objeckshun"���-
ar.'   he  let  it  go  m   that.     Of  course.
yae  could   hardly  blame   the   rubber
lumps for actill' as they did, for wis
it no' Wnllie's ain law firm that were
"licitors for ihe company.
Xoo   Wnllie's gaun  tae  start in anther   direction   tae   cairry   oot   some
marc business government.
I'lie   Wee   Fellie's   cute   enough   tae
..' that the folk Tl no' staun' for ony
mare railway "programmes," an' noo
he's  castin'   his   eyes   seaward,  in   the
one wey as Dick used lae dae when. E
he  talketl aboot   II IS  coast  line.
We're gaun tae build a merchant
in.nine,   he   says,   an'   we'll   appitlt   a
inmission (he didnie need lae tell
us that I lae investigate. It wud seem
that there's quite a diversity o' opeenyiii as tae whether we should build
them o' steel or wud. Of course a
hale lot '11 depend on the chairman's
report. It's Tisdall that's chairman.
His ability iii developin' a fishin' tackle an' Sandow developer bizness o'
hi.s ain should mak his opeenyiii on
the maitter o' steel or wudden ships
very vailuable.
My opeenyiii is that the qucstyin's
sae simple that it's a cryin' shame wc
should hae tae waste that money on a
commission, Wi' sic a fine assortment O1 wudden-heids owre in thc
parliament at Victoria the questyin
is settled a'ready, tae my wey o'
Hooever. it micht be that dry rot
has maybe set in an' in that case I
guess wc wild hae tae reconsider the
What finer thing could they fellies
dae than gie Up their Ileitis tae help
build a merchant marine for the country they hae sac ably governed. Gee.
hoo I wud like tae get a job as a
carpenter on  the liuildin' o' that ship.
Xoo, frcens, strike when yae can
an' gie Tisdall an' Bowser somethin'
tae think owre for the next month
lae come.
Yours through the heather.
Jingle Pot
Always Mined by Union
White Labor
Coast Lumber & Fuel Co., Ltd.
Phone Fair. 2500    Phone High. 226    Phone Fraser 41
HJIIIIf":  flllilllllS
Those Who Run May Read
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Pipe, put under test by The Robt. W. Hunt Co., Ltd., a pipe, 10
inches internal diameter, being subjected to two days' drying in an
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Weight before immersion 105 '/j pounds
Weight after immersion 100     pounds
Difference equals J-i-pound of water, or .4S of 1  per cent.
On the same pipe after being subjected to the above���crushed
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Office: Dominion Building, Vancouver, B.C. Phone Sey. 8286     jj
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These cold mornings feed Warm CHICKEN CHOP mixed with
Our special "DRY MASH" is excellent to keep fowls healthy.
(See our window for home made dry mash hopper).
MANGELS are a good substitute for green food, only 60c per
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Keep your fowls busy and healthy by a plentiful supply of Dry!
Straw, Shell, Bone, Charcoal, Beef Scrap,  and  clean  cold  water.
Phones: Fair. 186���878 Fraser 175 Coll. 153
j��      PHONE 9570
1083 MAIN STREET    jj
Winter Mornings
"Look here. .Mary," said tlie bus-
land angrily. "I shall he late at the
ifficc again I It's half-past eight, antl
lot a sign of breakfast   yet!"
So the lady of the house sought the
���itchen, wiih the idea of reprimanding
he new maid for being laic in the
"Ii mustn't happen again," she said
irmly. "I suppose you overslept
'Won see, it's this way, ma'am,"
said the girl in regretful tones. "I'm
a slow sleeper, and it takes me a long
while to get a good night's rest."
* * *
,\ very thin and haggard-looking
youth, after visiting the recruiting sergeant, was Very depressed to think
he was not allowed to join the Army
because of his sliniuess. lint even
then he was determined lo join the
Army, so he visited a recruiting sergeant in a neighboring town.
"Hut. sir, couldn't I join the Foot
Guards?" pleaded the youth, after being told the same as before.
"No, I'm afraid you would not be
strong enough to do the inarching,"
replied thc sergeant.
Giving up hopes of becoming a soldier, he asked if he could join a military hand.
"Well," replied the sergeant slowly,
"1 think if you painted a few spots
down the front of you, you may he able to get ill as a tin whistle."
* + *
Infantry or Cavalry
At a railway station a few days
ago some youths were discussing a
gentleman in a foreign-looking, gold-
braided uniform.
They agreed that he must be a
French or Belgian colonel, hut. while
some thought he belonged to the cavalry, others were of the opinion that
the absence of spurs showed that he
belonged to thc infantry.
Presently the object of their inter-
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C. E. Jenncy. G. A. P. D.
Phone: Sey. 8134
W. G. Connelly. C. P. F. A.
527 Granville Street
This  same   fellie.  Tisdall.   was  the, cst  ])asso,|   close  by   them,  and  they
���hainnan  o'  the  Private   Bills  Comr ��� had   the   opportunity   of  reading  the
legend on his  cap.    It read "Station
...ittee "that saw the "scrap o' paper
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* * :i: * :|: * * * * *
The world is learning from this war thai the best of created things was
Created last, ant! thai her name is WOMAN.
Tin inferior beings were created first���tiie fishes in the sea, the animals
on lhe land, then Adam, better than lhe animals, antl then Eve���BETTER
Til \N ADAM.
produce ami have iheir slalls and I
privileges, like other markets in thc
large cities.
Birds In Stanley Park
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^     building is in
The world at war, relying upon women for health, healing, nursing in the tar) condition, also ii
fields and work at home, begins to realize that the savage theory of women's vonienl place for cusi
inferiority is indeed SAVAGE. I in on the interurban trains
The end of lhe war w il see justice to women in civilized countries at least.
Antl when women get justice, which is the ballot, we shall be near the end of
all wars.
I,el us hope that when the war ends all men���even lhe lowest���will have
learned lhe great lessons of the war. That lesson is WOMAN'S SUPERIORITY���her superiority in moral and spiritual goutiness, in fortitude, in ell-
Millions of women without complaining hear in F.uropc that their sous
are killed or wounded. Every boy marching to thc trenches, perhaps to his
death, has been given to the nation by a mother who thinks more of him than
of her own life.
The heroic sacrifice of the mothers should shame the men who have refused justice to woman antl recognition of her supreme qualities in the past.
a  very  con-
mors   coining
I noticed among the producers
there, Mr. Tiinins, of Langley Prairie,
who. I've heard, has the most extensive market gardens in II. C. They
have a number of acres under glass
and raise the best tomatoes antl cucumbers in II. C.
* + * * * *
Millions of women in Europe are working with an unselfish enthusiasm
of which the male workers have shown themselves incapable, lu the factories, at the hardest of labor, to which they are nol accustomed, uncomplaining, the women work.
It is not the women who are the shirkers, not women who seek to make
extra pay or extra capital out of their country's misfortune.
They are slaving in the fields, cleaning the streets, handling the heavy
metal in the factories, and going through endless horrors and anguish on the
battlefields anil in the hospitals.
Any man in Europe who knows anything knows that women are bearing
the brunt of this war. It is safe to predict that at least in lhe countries nearly
civilized the end of the war will see the end of injustice to women, will see
women possessing at last the right to decide WITH Till', MEN upon war
antl peace, upon the safety or the butchery of their sous.
* * if * *
Thanks to the war, the ideas and the ideals of men have changed. By
the time the war ends they will have changed more radically.
In Canada the recent victory of the women iu Manitoba marks the beginning of reforms which arc bound to sweep to the shores of the Atlantic and
Pacific. The ancient laws of British Columbia which govern women must
be done away with. Let Hritish Columbia be thc next Province to enroll
upon the scroll of humanity. Let Canada set the worltl an example in releasing the bonds from thc women of the nation.
The people of Vancouver are looking forward with great interest to the
debut of the University Players' Club
which will appear for thc first time
in the Avenue Theatre on February
They will present a light comedy
entitled "Fanny and the Servant Problem," preceded by "Cindra."
Part  of   the   proceeds  will  go   for
the Red Cross branch of the Universi-1
The Ruth Morton Memorial Baptist
Church, cor. 37th and Prince Albert
Street. .Pastor, Rev. J. Willartl I.itch,
will preach Sunday morning on "A
Happy Christian." Sunday evening
on "Sl.   Peter's recipe for a  Revival."
The li. C. Women's Franchise Association .held a meeting in the Standard Tea Rooms on Monday, Jan. 31,
at 3 p.m. Mrs. I). Curd presided and
opened the meeting.
Mrs. Daryl Kent reatl the minutes
of the previous meeting, held Nov.
5, 1915, including the election of new
Mrs. MacGill spoke in regret to the
fact that the B. C. W. Franchise had
not won in the recent campaign for
the ballot, but that they would still
work in good spirit antl do all in their
power to win next time. Mrs. Mac-
Cill remarked tliat even if Mr. Tisdall
did not favor them this year he would
probably remember that he had done
so in 1898, also in 1913. but as he has
already statetl his views were changing in regard to woman's suffrage
on account of the war.
Miss Claremont reported that she
was making good progress with the
preparations for the Military Whist
Drive to he given in aid of lhe Retl
Cross. Friday, Feb, 3rd. at Mrs. W.
Curd's residence.
Mrs.   Jas.   Forrester   read   a   letter
from  the  ladies  of  the    University
Club announcing that they had nominated Miss Jamieson a trustee to the
Public Library Hoard antl asking the
I!. C. W. Franchise Association if
they   would   support  her.     Mrs.   Mac-
GUI spoke iu favor and  Mrs.  Forrest- j ���u.ir ^^ ({| uyA
er seconded the motion.    (Passetl).
Other letters were read, including
one from I.icut.-Col. McSpaddeii.
thanking the ladies for the magazines
and wool caps sent the men in the
local training camps.
Mrs. MacGill annotinscd that there
would he a meeting at her home on
Wednesday. Feb. 9th. The object of
this meeting would he to receive mag-
.:i'X*fines and playing cards in aid of the
soldiers' relief.
Mrs. Hengough of Toronto being a
guest of the II. C. W. Franchise Association, spoke very favorably of the
work of tbe equal franchise associations throughout Canada, both iu Retl
Cross and other relief .work. She
emphasised thc fact th5t/the Manito-
bo women were very much pleased
with the result of the recent election*
giving them equal franchise. Also
that she had recently been to Australia antl was very much pleased with
the co-operation of men antl women
��� there, ami the courtesy that is still
shown women seeking their rights. '
Mrs. W. II. Smith said ..she hafl
been a suffragette for 30 years. She
thanked Mrs. Hen
orable address.
Kent, Miss Claremont, .Mrs. Jas. Forrester, Mrs. J. C. Kemp, Mrs. W. H.
Griffin, Mrs. W. Angus, Mrs. W. II.
Morrow, Miss Clifford, Mrs. Russell,
Miss Russell, Mrs. J. H. MacGill.
Tea was served in the Standard Tea
Rooms after the meeting.
* * *
Again the annual Y. W. C. A. meetings are greeting us on all sides. ' We
must feel encouraged to know the organization continues in doing such
great work amongst the young women
iif Vancouver.,'
A report from Miss'A. LT'GTIlani at
the annual meeting of the Y. W. C. A.
was to the effect that there are very
few women out of employment in
Vancouver. In fact, she said, there
were scarcely girls and women enough
to fill all the vacant positions. All of
which goes to show that times are
Jn looking through their monthly
magazine we learn how active the Y.
W. C. A. members arc in supplying
the young ladies with means of improving mind and body anil developing a greater efficiency in their work-
in  I lie  world.
Mr. Chris. Johnson has his fish
stall in tbe market building. He guarantees his fish strictly fresh and he
is also doing fair business owing \o
the price of fish being lower than that
of meat.
i!    *    *
At   Ray's,  the butchers'  stall,  they
seem  to he doing  g I  business, as
they are exporters of rural farmers'
produce, and I hear they are noted
price cutters.
* # *
Whyte Brothers also have a stall,
and they claim to be the "P.utter
Kings" of Vancouver. They export
butter from Alberta where it is supposed to bc about the best made in
the Dominion of Canada.
* f *
I saw Shaw antl Koeker and Co.
tloing quite a progressive business in
the grocery line. Their prices seem
to be about as normal as any in tbe
city i and their stock  is new.
Among other business representatives I noted in the market were Hals-
croft Farm Produce Co., which are
noted for the fine grade of poultry
which they carry.
Also the Ward Piano House have
a good stock of pianos and popular
Altogether I found the market a
very interesting place to visit ami I
would recommend it to the consideration of the women'who read this;'page, i
The   market   manager,   Mr.  -Uriiik, I
comes   from   tlie   good  old   county   of |
Osffortl, in  Ontario, where UKiyjJraise
the fat cattle and produce tTieWuiiteiiI
and the cheese.    Mr. Brink lias ,'i good
proposition  in  the   Hastings  Market,
lie is really fulfilling a function which
ought to be cared for by.the uiunici-,
palities or the government.
Here's success to you, Mr. Bfil'lR,
"Lowerer of tbe high cost of living."
Here is a fairly complete list of lhe
wild birds who are winter-residents iu
and around Vancouver (52 varieties)-.
American Robin.��� \ few slay a-
roillld the Zoo nil the winter I Thrush
family i.
Varied Robin. ��� Commonly known
as Oregon Robin. These pretty thrushes abound iu Stanley Park all the
year round.
American Dipper or Water Orizel.
���Not common on the coast except in
winter along the streams. Plentiful
ill the Rockies.
Golden-Crested (King) Wren. ���
Stanley  Park, etc.
Western Chickadee.
Chestnut-backed Titmouse. ��� Less
Least Bush-Tit. ��� These aerial
scouts, thesize and shape of animated
wall-nuts, making dashing descents on
our winter lawns at uncertain intervals.
Slender-billed Nuthatch. ��� Sometimes seen feeding on willows near
the Park Lake.
Brown Creeper.���Rarely to bc seen
flying. Takes winter exercise up invisible, spiral staircases in the tall
Western   Winter  Wren.���As   common   as   von   Sparrow,     without
Townsend's   Solitaire.���About
Manitoba upon
lhat its women
sane people anil
tpablc of taking a part in lhe
of  the   province,  especially   to
Daughters of Empire Dance
Vancouver   people   looked   forward I Meditation  	
with a greal deal of pleasure lo the j March from Taniihouser
dance given hy the Admiral Jellieoe
and lhe Columbia Chapters t.O. D, I'.,
at the Lester Court on Friday, Feb.
3rd. Music was supplied by Weaver's
(Jrchcstra. The affair was given especially for the soldiers.
The Chapters clubbed together and
 Success of the
social evening for everyone was well
rewarded. The proceeds go for the
"comforts fund" of the Chapters who
are working steadily to supply the
soldiers at the front with necessary
Organ Recital
The ninth organ recital in St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church on Tuesday evening at 8,30 p.m., was well
attended. The programme was as follows:���
St. Ann's Fugue Bach
Nocturne N'o. 1   Chopin
Jour de Voces   \rcher
Ave   Marie   Song    Schubert
Mr. A. Gpodstone
Intermezzo  in   D   flat    Johnson
Henry VIII    Del   Hugo
Mr. \. Goodstone
Carillon Study in four notes	
C.   H.  A.  (',.  Wheehion
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ . Wagner
Cod Save the King
The organist. Mr. Frank Wrigley.
was al his best, but owing to the inclement weather the recital was not
so well attended as usual. The next
recital will be given on Tuesday. Feb,
"Bill," with the Pantages next week
Congratulations It
recognising the fact
citizens are sensible.
quite i
a f f a i rs,	
lhe extent of saying who shall govern
their local part of the Dominion.
To say that these new-born citizens
(so to speak) will become light-headed
over their new power, antl stay out
late at nights, raise family ructions,
learn to smoke, send the darning to
the bow-wows, antl forget how to
make hash, is only an idea which maybe laitl at tbe door of perverted ami
obsolete minds. Man's meals will be
eooketl as well, antl served just as
promptly from now- on as they have
ever been, and the made Stomach can
rest assured that its comfort will not
be neglected on account of votes.
We have yet to hear of a man neglecting home antl such ties because
he was so puffed up over the fact of
hi.s franchise that be had not time to
attend to them. The average man
takes a more or less tpiiet interest in
hi.s country's affairs, makes his derisions antl goes out antl records his
ballot accordingly. Why not so with
a woman?    Y'es, why not?
It is hats off to Manitoba government (meaning the men) for being
wide-minded enough and having a sufficient sense of justice to make it
possible for the women of tlieir comfortable province to have a say in
public matters, and be acknowledged
equally brainy with men. These men
realize that the mothers who bear
Manitoba's sons are capable of advising who shall be responsible for
these sons national' governorship in
the matter of property as well as morals.
It   argues   well,too,   that   Manitoba,
the real grandfather of western provinces,  should  be   th   one   to   lead   the
way to civil advancement.    Here's to'
Manitoba,   may   its   sister   provinces i
take a lesson from tlie nation's hand
hook antl do likewise.
"It was then that the leader of ih
government arose and looked around
"'I don't believe iu women voting
he said. 'My mother nor my ivifi
have ever wanted to vote, therefor
1 don't see why any other womei
should want lo vole. I l's cnougl
tllat the men should have lhe fran
ehise.    I'm against    votes for women.
"Then there arose before my visior
that oltl bullock, Wbitey, too full 1.
drink more, antl with his feet in tin
water-trough, ami I said to myself.
'Old fellow, though you have been
tleatl these fifteen years, your spirii
still lives antl is manifest right here
in this bouse of parliament.'" _ .
nigh  further  fav-
The Hastings Street Market
I called on Mr. Rrink of tbe Hastings Street Market. 27 Hastings VV;,
this morning, antl he tells me business
is' quite slow these cold, snowy days,
but he is still in good spirits. He
showed me all around thc market,
and, if I may voice my opinion to the
public at all, 1 think his prospects are
very good for the largest business in
Vancouver before many months.
* * *
Of course the people who run this
market arc working against the wholesale people in Vancouver, but before
the next winter is here, they will have
their own sttk-k stored antl will be able to sell more cheaply to their customers.
Mr. Brink told me he hopes to make
his business better in another way,
that is, he hopes to have a Rural Pub-
A crowded audience greeted Miss
Helen Badglcy and her pupils at their
Matinee Recital given on Friday. January 28, at Labor Temple Hall. Miss
Ethel lUickland opened the programme with a patriotic narrative entitled "The Battle Song of Xations."
Little Miss Kathleen Robinson rendered a piano solo anil later gave an
humorous sketch entitled "The Average Boy."
Miss Frances Nickawa (an Indian
girl) gave a very pathetic poem entitled "Famine," from Hiawatha. Others who assistetl in the programme
were: Miss Edna Burden, comedy, rural character study; Miss Ena Burse,
humorous pantomime; Miss Nina Porter, dramatic narrative; Miss Irene
Falconer, comic Irish sketch; Miss
Badglcy, conversational study.
Cod Save the King.
Among those present at the meet-Jlic  Market day, once a  week,  where
ing were  Mrs. W. Gurd,  Mrs.  Daryl  the farmers may come and sell their
Phone Seymour 4223 Mrs. A. CLARK
The Ladies'  Agency
Also at  526 Snywnnl  lllilg., Victoria,  11.C.
size of an English Song-thrush, but
bas a distinct white line round the eye.
Common in tlie Rockies. Seen here
once by Mr. Ilalnicr, late Park Superintendent,
Pheasant (English).��� Russel, black
antl ultra marine.
Pheasant  (Chinese).���White-ringed.
Grouse and Ptarmigan.���My information on tbis greal family in II. C,
is from notes taken above 10 years ago
from lhe researches of John Fannin
Hale of Victoria Museum). Retrain
A. Williams. L.D.S., with later notes
by Mr. Maimer of Vancouver.
1. Sooty (Dusky or Blue) Grouse.
���(Dendragapus nbscttrus ftiliginosus,
|\idgwa5').������Wcsl nf Cascades ami
larger  islands  of  the   Archipelago.
2. Richardson's (Obscttrus Richard-
siiun).���Also called lllue and Mountain ('���rouse.��� East of Cascades,
3. Canadian Ruffed Grouse (llonasa
I'mbellus Togata Linnaeus), also called Willow Grouse' antl Drummer.���
This game bird with its beautifully-
barred fautail and quaint occiptal ruff
has been since 1012 "quite plentiful"
in Stanley  Park.
���A. N. ST. J. M.
An exceptionally gootl bill is tin
way to the Pantages next week. A
trained animal act with trained seals,
bears, tings antl monkeys are the head-
liners.. One of the great features is
one of the seals juggling with a torch
burning at both cutis. A marvel in
animal training.
Xorimer Carman's Minstrels is a
condensed minstrel show with all the
laughs, harmony and solo work in 20
"Tlie Duke," a farce with Andy
Lewis, the celebrated comedian, is
something original along thc line of
Berth antl Kitty Henry, two dainty
maids who sing and dance, have a
pleasing line of patter and song.
Miss Grace Cameron with a lot of
characterizations and the latest in
original songs, has won herself great
applause along the coast.
I have been thinking a greal deajl a-
hout Mrs. Nellie McClung these days,
as il was she who ever since girlhood
helped Fight for votes for women in
Manitoba, and to her credit stands
many an excellent point made which
undoubtedly carried the project further'toward realization. And now it
is carried, she is residing in another
province.    Hard luck!
In this respect, too, I am reminded
of an excellent story that I heard her
tell once when speaking along the line
of enfranchisement for women. Let
me tell il as she toltl il.
"When I was a small girl, I lived
on a Manitoba farm, and it was my
duly every Saturday morning to water thc cattle. This sounds easier
than it really was, because to break
ice in winter antl haul water up for
a bunch of thirsty cattle was no small
task for a small girl.
"It would not have been so bad
had not a great while bullock named
'Wbitey' been so greedy. He would
get to the water-lub firsl and keep
all the oilier animals away. I always
had to drive him away ami slake him
in ortler to allow the others to get
any water.
"Wbitey  made  me   so   furious  that
one   Saturday,   I   determined  that  1
would fill him if it took every ounce
of strength that I possessed. Secretly, too, I hoped that perhaps if lie
got too full he would burst and then
niy troubles with him would be over.
"So I went to work, antl I tlrew water till my anus ached like as if they
would never recover, antl my breath
supply kept getting shorter antl shorter. Hut still that bullock kept on
drinking. Finally, when I was about
ready to give in, be stopped drinking
antl looked around at the other cattle waiting impatiently for their turn,
lie was so full that I thought sure
thc bursting point had been reached.
Hut what do you suppose the old
sinner did? With great difficulty he
got his two front feet into the water-
trough antl looketl around in defiance
at the other cattle. He could not
drink any more himself, but be was
bound the other animals should not
have any either.
"Well, many years after that I was
one of a delegation selected to speak
before the Manitoba government on
the question of votes for women. We
all made our speeches and thought we
had surely made a decided impression
upon that august hotly before which
we were assembled. As the last
speaker finished, we felt that the
cause was well advanced, if in fact
it was not ours in reality.
Looking at the war pictures as put
on at a local film house bad one cf
feet upon me. It made me decide I
keep on knitting socks more steadily
than I even have been tloing. To see
those apaprently countless men walking, running anil Standing means
rough work on feet antl their covering.
To be sure these men pictured were
all French, but the fact remains thai
our own Tommies are even more numerous, and every man of them needs
socks���plenty of socks. Furthermore,
when one considers that the average
life of a pair of socks is three days,
we women who know how to knit
socks inusf feel it our duty to knit
faster than ever. Antl those of us
who tlo not know bow lo knit should
feel that it is Indeed the least we can
do to learn tlu* art. antl under strong
duty pressure, to knit, knit. knit.
* * *
Vancouver has like all growing cities, had many nuts to crack, hut probably the most distressing from a hu-
nane "joint of view, was the ejection
sy landlords, of last week. It seems
impossible tllat such a thiirg could
happen iu the face of the keyed-tip
patriotism of today, when everyone is
making some sacrifice.
11  is to he Imped  that the matter
I will not be allowed to drop, but thai
j the   flint-hearted   landlords   (one   of
leach sex I untlersantlI iu question will
b ematle to realize thlit Vancouver i-
no place  for them, unless they malic
full reparation,
Xo matter what decision the judge
makes iu tbe case now in court, the
moral sitle of the question will remain forever a lasting disgrace on
Vancouver's record, antl but few citizens there are that do not resent with
all lhat is in them, the fact tliat such
money-greedy persons are in our
midst antl have made it possible for
ihis shame to be brought upon us.
* * *
Mere's a contrast. The Retl Cross
Bulletin had permission to reproduce
these lines from "Country Life." They
are by Ernest Blake,
I  rise at six, light fires anil black the
I'm  kitcheii-hiiiise-antl-chamberniaiil
I clean the knives and sometimes wash
the plates,
Do any dirty work that  1  can find.
I  fetch ami carry like a spaniel pup
Antl when down the back stairs with
coals  I  tumble,
To tell the truth  1  get a bit fed-up,
With   things,   ami   feel   inclined   to
grouse and grumble.
Hut  these small, peevish humors take-
to wing
When I remember all that you have
Who   braved   the   forze   ntrench,   the
shrapnel's sting,
You did so much; so little I can tlo;
That's why I'm proud to carry coals
for you.
The Scotch lady who resided in Ceylon for several years antl in India for
several more, is now resident in Canada, antl has recently settletl down in
Saskatchewan. A letter from her
this week announced the mercury as
61 below when she wrote. "Antl," she
says, "it's a hit nippy." Doesn't that
sound characteristic of a Scotchwoman? i
Phone Highland 137
Grandview  Hospital
VANCOUVER     -     B.C.
Medical : Surgical  : Maternity
Rates   from   $15.00   per   week SATURDAY.   FEBRUARY   5,   1916
The price of coal bus soared unci Tbe Retl Cross Society have recom-
tlollar per ton. To main ihis is a mended lhal they bold a "Linen Day"
hardship. Continuous hard times make , sometime in lhe near future. Certain-
that dollar look mighty large; bin; ly a very worthy recommendation,
when one sees the poor horses ItrUg-1 Whether Vancouver will be able to
gling to make the grade and lhe id-I respond as they did last year when
ilitional lime ii lakes to do so, makes tbe Daughters of the Empire had a li-
one feel somehow that the consumer]nen week and shipped twelve tons
that   difficulty.     ll   should | of linen to the Motherland remains to
pays   foi
teach us all a lesson thai since we cannot   tlo   without  that  commodity,   it
would be a wise move to enter into a
contract with our coal dealers late in
the summer to lay in a stock as tiu.y
tlo in the east, when it makes a differ
ence of from twenty-five to fifty cents
per ton, which is something worth
considering and would mean something to everyone financially.
-* * ���*
Tbe women of Manitoba have much
cause for rejoicing these days, The
Norris government promised the women that if electetl they would give
them the franchise on the same terms
'i*; men. They were elected antl they
have kept their promise and passed
tbe measure this week. How the women of B. C. had hoped they would
he the first, but alack antl alas! unless
there is a change of government here
we have very little or no prospect,
unless the powers that be experience
a change of heart antl (like all death
bed repentances! bring in a measure
to give to our women the liberties they
(the men) enjoy.
* * *
The Vancouver Suffrage societies
arc going to celebrate the victory of
the Manitoba women in a very fitting
manner some night next week. Full
particulars will be published the first
of the week.
* * *
The outburst of "0 Canada" must
have been good to hear, for I am
sure it bail a new meaning to every
man antl woman in thc legislative hall
that day.
* * *
More power to your elbows, fair
women of Manitoba, antl may the future Spell better laws, greater activities, broader views, a perfect understanding between the sexes, and a cooperation for the common good of
their fair province.
be seen, but it is worth the
every   yard   of   linen   will
effort, ami
 ^^^  be   needed
anil welcomed in the near future or
we do not understand what is ahead
of us. Vancouver will do what she
can we are sure.
��� *.*
On Monday. February 7, the annual meeting of the Local Council of
Women will be held iu the Wesley
Methotlist Church. The executive
meeting will be held at 9.30 a.m., the
general meeting will commence at 10
a.m., election of officers at 11 a.m. At
12 they adjourn for luncheon. At the
afternoon session Mrs. Macaulay will
address the meeting and at night the
evening session which commences at
7.30 p.m., lhe prizes for garden competition will be presented. Speeches
will be delivered and altogether a
busy but profitable time is looked forward to by the sixty-seven affiliatetl
* * +
The Local Council bas done splendid work antl can always be relied on
to do all in their power to advance
the claims of the community antl try
to live up to their motto: "Do unto
others as ye would they should do
unto you."
* it    *
Sunday Services
A special memorial service for the
late Jas. Esslemont, hue rondmaster
of the C. P. R.. will beheld m the
Westminster Presbyterian Church on
Sunday next.
In the evening an illustrated sermon with lantern pictures on a very
interesting subject has been arranged.
The pastor, Rev. J. Richmond Craig.
will officiate at both services.
CKN'IKK  A   HANNA   l.l.'.li'M.I)
Here Are the Standardbearers
Complete List of Candidates Thus Far Nominated
for Provincial Election.
Below will be found a tabulated list of all the constituencies -which
have   nominated   their   candidates   for   the coming  provincial   parliamentary elections, along -with the names of the gentlemen who are to
represent their different parties
H. C. Brewster
Frank Mobley
J. Yorston
��. D. Barrow
John Buckam
Hugh Stewart
Dr. J.  H.  King
A.  D.  Patterson
John Oliver
Alberni   ���
Cariboo ���
Chilliwack -
Cowichan --
Columbia  _-
Cranbrook   _
Dewdney __.
Esquimalt ...
Fort George..
Greenwood ..
Grand  Forks _
So. Okanagan
Newcastle   _ _
N.WestminsterDavid Whiteside
G. A. Gaskell
A. I. Fisher
Labor & Ind.
J. G. C. Wood
H.   E.  Young
J. A. Fraser
S. A. Cawley
W.   11.  Hayward
Dr.   Taylor
M.  Manson
T. D. Caven
F. J.  Mackenzie
W. J. Manson
R.  H. Pooley
G. A. Hamilton
W. R. Ross
Dr. C. D. McLean J.  R. Jackson
E.  Miller
W. W. Foster
J.   P.  Shaw
.Veil Mackay ...
Archie McDonald
W.  R.  Maclean
  A.   E.   Planta
Dr. K. McDonald Price  Ellison
Leslie V.  Rogers Mayor Jones
Dr. Doicr
J.   E.   Thompson.
M,  B. Jackson
F. W Anderson
ohn Keen
J.  B.  Bryson
A. M. Johnson
H. W. Maynard
ij. H. Haw'waite
Basil  Gardom
Revelstoke   _.
Rossland   ���
Saanich    I F. A.  Pauline
Similkameen-.iR. S. Conkling
Skeena IT.  D.  Pattulo
Slocan  _
No. Vancouver |(
A.  M.   Manson   j F.   M.   Dockrill   j ...
Dr.   Sutherland     i Hon.   T    Taylor    	
W. D.  Willson ! L.   A.   Campbell! ...
G. G. McGeer    |W.  I. Baird I ...
iD. M- Eberts ...
L. W. Shatford    | ...
!.Wm.  Manson
Chas.   F.   Nelson! W.   Hunter
���Mayor   Hanes       I C. II. Morden.
So. Vancouver J. W. Weart        Comm'r Campbell R.  H.   Neelands
Trail Michael  Sullivan   Jas. A. Schofield !	
Vancouver Ralph Smith iW. J.  Bowser       jW. R. Trotter
jM. A. Macdonald C.  E.  Tisdall      |J. W. Wilkinson
IP. Donnelly JA. J. Welsh
JDr. Mcintosh Walter  Leek
A. H. Macgowan |
Thos. Duke
Mr. Flumerfelt
Sir. -in   the   interests   ol   all   con-
sumei - and  retailers ol   itaplc  fuels,
a group of householders and citizens
have    Tganizetl a   Ku   Klux   Klan league ���    .ope with the  l:l,i' ks, I  mean
the Canadian coal merchants.   Alike
for   locomotive  or   factory    furnace-
work,   lor   public   or   private   heating,
plants,  and  for  kin bens,  bakeries or
hearth-fires the disgusting use of tlie J
foiest   refuse   of  prehistoric  ages  in
the form of lump, nut, engine or dust:
il,  coke  or slack  is absolutely un-
.essary  and  economically  and  hy-
gienically  undesirable.
There is nothing blacker in all Canadian history than the commercial record of the N'ova Scotia coal merchants. Today the coal-sharks of I!.
C. have beaten even their infamous record.
N'o advertising manager, outside of
a Province accustomed to condoning
fuel felonies and coal crimes of every
shade of blackness, would have allowed the Vancouver Coal Ring to
print what they have set forth today
in large type in your columns, as an j
"apology" for raising the price of
coal at one bound 16 per cent, 20 per
cent and 22 per cent (the latter outrageous increase falling on ihc poor
man's domestic fuel).
Their apology is "the weather is so
bad, the sea is so rough, and the
snow is so deep." Hut they forget
that, if they were fit for the important public duty by which they have
been making huge fortunes for fifty
years past, antl had made provision
for the coltl snap which was sure to
come, tlieir profits from the 400 per
cent increase of coal orders which
Cod's weather has brought to their
floors would enable them to snap
their fingers at these difficulties of
transport. The result of their discreditable Improvidence is a "decree"
which looks like a damnable cruelty.
I could point out to the coal merchants bow without incurring such
well-deserved execration as they have
done today., they might have maintained tlieir abominable and obselete business at a high rate of profit perhaps
for generations.
But the Ku Klux Klan League looks
upon coal consumption as a black
plague which it is only too anxious
to extirpate. Xext year the league
will hope to have peat fields in working order in this Province. There are
several thousand square miles of workable peat within easy reach of Vancouver which the league proposes to
survey and take over forthwith.
Meanwhile the best Canadian peat
will bc supplied at the Ku Klux Klan
yards from February 1st next at a-
bout one-sixth the price of your coal-
merchant's cheapest refuse. Though it
has to come thousands of miles one
of the advantages of this delightful
and odorless fuol is its exceeding
lightness. The haulage weight of a
carload of peat is about an eightieth
part of the same amount of cotl. Peat
is noiseless, odorless, intensely calorific and steady in combustion, bas no
clinkers, yields a 2 per cent refuse
of valuable ash, does not soil hands
or linen, does not suffer by damp, age
or handling, and is said to have a
humanising influence upon manners.
! hope that the League will shortly
become so powerful in I'.. C, that we
shall cease to use coal iu Christian circles, antl if we musl continue the dismal traffic of lhe mines, do so for export only to Germans or other niggers, after the war.
Yours, etc.
11925 10th Ave. W., Jan. 26, 1916.
1000 Sacks of "Seal of Quality" Flour
per sack
Flour |
"Seil nf Quality
Spring Hani Wheat,
iu qualify '"' weight,
Containing 49 pounds   t|)
each, to sell for only
iller   tu
With the price of flmir mi the immediate advance,  this
readers of the "Chinook" in buy flour at thi- small price should meet with
immediate response, fur "Seal of Quality" flour i- worth $1.70 per sack
when buying in carload hits from the mill,
flmir is the mosl nutritious bread flour mi tin.- market.   It's made of selected
tiul contains more gluten than anv other flmir mi tin- market���it never varies
antl can he depended Upon  at all times tn make the whitest, whole
this small lot nf 1000 sacks should all
-l illH'-t.
delicious bread possible.   Order a sack today
a very little while���it's unusual value.
De Mini in
Hudson's Bay Company's
Tungsten Lamps
at 25c
���Without question the most economical
lamp tin tlie market. It's a wire-drawn
filament lamp, antl j/ives a beautiful white
light, Every lamp contains the stamp of
the Company as a ^uaraiitee nf service.
Choice nf 15. 25, -10 antl 60 watts.
Universal Bread Mixers
Regular $2.75  value
���You can lie -urc nf making good bread
if you use a Universal Bread Mixer. It
never fails, it mixes ami kneads dough
with scientific accuracy, and is so simple
that a child can use it. Making bread by
hand is laborious antl doubtful���try the
Universal way���you'll find it pay.
4 loaf size,
in every walk uf life, even though he
may never have oeeasion to make a
publie address.
For he has to speak to other men,
in thc way of business antl in sociuil
intercourse. The mure clearly he enunciates his words, the more correctly he pronounces them, thc greater his
control uf vocal intonation, thc easier iDad ami the b
it will be for him to make a favorable get tu England
editot   uf  the
54th   hattaliun   by  ^^^^^^^^^^
"Shican   Record":
Dear Jim.���Am dropping you a few
lines tu give you some idea of things
around here. Well, the firsl thing
is mud, some: rain, more. I luce wet.
nu chauceio net dry. Most uf our
platoon are un the sick list, except
���s. "Wait until wc
was the cry at  Ver
impression un others. limn;   hut   oh  ye  gods,   oi
Harshness    uf    voice���a    common | lh C. heals all uf this burg!
failing���is always a  handicap.    So  is .live   cheaper   in   II.   C.   than
lack of flexibility uf voice.    Unconsci-1 here.    Ally  time  liny  see  lh
ously they suggest  mental character-11.eat  up goes the price.    Tin
istics uf an undesirable sort. we are easy.    Jake.   Pearson,
Vocal   indistinctness   similarly   has I and   I   were   in   London,  "mil
a disquieting effect on the hearer.   Ifismokc."  fur  a   few
only by causing him tu strain his at- ��� it wasn't a patch on
lention  to catch  the  speaker's  words iSandon in the palmy
acre   of
We cuiihl
v think
S.  Boy
it     ihc
Say, Jim.
Denver ur
They are
I. S. Cowper
J. W. deB. Farris
H. C. Brewster
John Hart j   	
George Bell 	
H. C. Hall |   	
Joseph  Walters     Alex. Lucas
j. H. McVety
J. E. Wilton
F. A. Hoover
F. Welsh
J. H. Haw'waite
A.   J.   Morley
Socialist candidates have been nommated as follow : Ne^as^e.
Parker William,; Comox. J. A Macdonald;_North Vane*^,W
Bennett; Fort George. John Mclnnes; Slocan E. ������^/���3S*
T. O'Connor; Vancouver. J. Harrington J. S.daway. C. Lestor W
A. Pritchard. J. Kavanagh, W. W. Lefeaux; Victoria. P. W.lhams.
Social Democrats ia South Vancouver, Emest Burns.
(I'.y   11.  Aihliugtun   Bruce)
Voice culture is by many people
accounted a luxury, a fad. Actually
it "light tu he line of the basic features uf popular education. The
widely-held notion that so long as a
person has something to say that is I Prove
worth saying, it doesn't matter how
it is said, is a notion demonstrably
false and pernicious. Its falsity has
been driven painfully home to many
a public speaker.
There arc plenty of clergymen,
lawyers and politicians who have
been held back in their careers solely
because of deficiency in voice control. Their inability to speak agreeably, clearly and convincingly has
doomed them to minor places, often
in spite of great natural gifts.
And, on the other hand, men of
mediocre talent have attained distinction through knowing how to manage
their voice. By the magic of their
vocal powers they have won the favor
of a public that would otherwise have
been indifferent to them. T he world
of politics furnishes particularly numerous instances of this.
But it is not in public speaking only
that voice control is of great importance.    It is important to every man j
and meaning, il produces an attitude jso slow  that  fi it gut  down  to zero
of impatience, even antagonism . there would he nu one moving,    One
To a considcrabc extent, in truth, day in London we Mere up un the
the hearer's reaction to vocal excel-[Strand having a stroll. Pearson saw
tencees and defects is justified. Pe- an Australian across the square, ain
culiarities uf voice often are directly he took off his lint ami shouted "Hur-
duc tn peculiarities in the speaker's rah for Canada!" A hull took him by'
mode "f thinking. Some authorities thc arm ami said, " nu such mise
go so far as to say, with Prof. S. S. here.'' so he called a laxi and sent
Curry, head uf lhe School uf Expres- him to his hotel. Do not think it
sion. Boston: was booze; il was only ihe lug whi
"In   general,  the   voice  shuws   the j was   so  dense  ii  affected   ihe  brain.
habits, trend uf mind, the convictions  Then   lhe   Londor
antl the emotions uf every individual." I full-throated cheer
Consequently one nf the first things
a man should dn if he wishes to im-
his voice, is to make a candid
self-analysis of his mentality antl morality.
Should he find himself dominated
hy any faulty mode uf thinking���for
example, selfishness, ur hardness, or
cowardice���the overcoming of this
will he a great help to vocal improvement.
Special voice training, however,
may he needed to remedy defects in
the management nf the vocal organs
resulting from long misuse. Such
training should he sought only from
voice teachers uf an established reputation.
This will cost some money, but it
will bc money spent to gootl purpose,
as helping iu thc removal uf a real
obstacle to success in one's chosen
loesn't   like   a
         can't yell; he
squeaks, and chases farthings,
way is the right way; all others
just   crude   attempts   to   imitate
Phone Seymour 9086
Keep Your
and Valuables safe and secure in
A  Private Deposit Box
in our Safety Vault
Less than one cent a day
and  McKay Station,  Burnaby
Classified Advertising
Seedsmen,  Florists, Nur
1 suppose you are surprised at me
writing on this paper l Y. M. C. A.),
hut it is about all we can get right
here. Vou see, I have changed my
underclothing. Give my regards iu
all lhe buys. Must go to work.
The   following   has   been   received
from  one  of the  Slocan  hoys  in  the
Store to Rent
4601    MAIN    STREET
(Former "Chinook" Office).
Large Store. $10.00. Apply
C. F. Campbell, Sey. 2431; or
W. J. Stolliday, 42 32nd Ave. E.
astings Pt.  E., and  7.S2
rserymen, 48
street,  Vancouver, B.
'���52  Granville
wanted to clean and repair at the
factory, 438 RICHARDS STREET.
Jewelry, etc. A quiet, respectable,
reliable place to borrow monev.
Old gold bought. Established 1905.
Star Loan Co., 812 Hastings West.
Stove away. We handle castings and
repairs to fit any stove or range.���
FRANKS, 44 Water Street. *���*���*���
Just Received
200 English
Navy Blue Suits
Every   Suit   Guaranteed   Fast    Color
" Your  Money's Worth or Your Money Back. "
''Safe Milk for the Babies"-
Turner's Milk in the home is better than an insurance
policy which only indemnifies���BECAUSE Turner's Milk on
account of its absolute purity and wholesomeness PROTECTS your health-and the-health of ��� your-feabies:  ���-������       -
What Does Mr. Bowser Care
About Botany ?
It was Ebenezer Elliott, "the Corn
Law Rhymer," who wrote a wonderful article on "the magnitude uf little
things." Strolling down a Harden
path he saw lhal l" a little insect
colony of ants a puddle of water in
the path might he an ocean���-that a
fall uf water down a little declivity
might have all the grandeur of a Niagara���Ebenezer Elliott was
And so he was able to see the magnitude, the importance uf little things.
Michael Faraday could see that
great events spring from small causes.
He produced the electric spark, he
demonstrated electrical energy.
Electricity. It was a little thing
in Faraday's time.
"What is the use of electricity?"
said somebody.
"What is the use of a new horn
babe?" saitl Faraday.
Good reply'. The new horn babe
might become a Shakespeare, a Milton, a Wellington, a Gladstone, a
Kitchener-���! Only a little thing, but
who can foretell its possibilities?
It needs a great mind, with imagination, knowledge, "the God-like power
of looking before ami after" to see
what a little thing���quiet, unobtrusive,
undemonstrative, modest, may lead to.
* * *
In Vancouver, up in the London
Block, on  Pender Street
A Little Government Department
has for four years been doing a quiet,
modest, retiring, useful work.    It has
hung out no flag, it has no flourish of
trumpets  for the  head of
"The Botanical Office of the Province
of  British   Columbia"
is  not a  politician���with  the  "interests" of himself and a host of political
friends to look after .
Mr. J. Davidson, F.L.S., h'.RS.E., the
Provincial Botanist, is a scientist, he
does not figure at Conservative smokers, he does not blazon his name on
hotel registers, he has daily pursued
the even tcnour of his way; blltilding
up a botanical department, the value
of which is - ���   ">
Known only to a few
because only a few���a very few have
the necessary knowledge to appraise
and appreciate the work.
' To the shame of British Columbia
it must be said that until some four
years ago the Province of British Columbia had'
No Botanical Department.
Here, in a country the wondrous vegetation of which astounded, a century ago, the great botanist, Douglas
(after whom the Douglas Fir was
named),   there  was  until  about  four
years ago. no "botanical department!   ;
Here in this Pacific region, I
v, hicll ill the reign of Charles tin
First the old English gardener, John
Tradescant, came lo see our fruit
and flowers, there was no botanical
department until Mr. John Davidson
came    (.from      Aberdeen      University,
where he bail been engaged ill botanical  research   for  twenty  years),  audi
on  his own initiative, one may say���|
established ii.
British Columbia had harbor hoards I
ami timber departments, antl fishery
departments and departments of mines
- uf course. There were "chances"
In.re for money, commerce, .-osirons
for friends���tratle, but "botany"���bah!
"There's nothing in it!"
antl so it was not until some four
years ago that in a small, modest office, at the top of a block in Pender
Street, Mr. Davidson started a botanic
department, the value of which, the
usefulness uf which, the interest of
which, th'.- potentialities of which, it
requires a great mind to see aiitl understand!
I do not know if in that modest
botanic department a register is kept
of visitors. 1 wi I assume there is
such a register���ami like Ruse Dartle
���you remember the Dickens' character���"1 ask for information."
rlQWihtftny times did Sir Richard
Meliride visit the botanic department?
Mow many times has Mr. Bowser visited the botanic department? How
many times has Mr. Tisdall visited
the botanic department? How many
times has Mr. H, II. Stevens visited
the botanic department?
Bah! What's the use. Do our
members of parliament even know of
its existence? It is an unobtrusive educational affair���why bother about it?
"There's nothing in it!"
Let us see, from the point of view
of one who does  not look at "what
can be got out of" a government de-
ipartment at once���what this "botanical office"���observe its modest title���
1 has done.
Mr. Davidson has compiled and circulated a valuable pamphlet, "Instructions on the Collection and Preservation of Plants for Private or School
He has sent hundreds, perhaps thousands to work collecting, preserving
!���with skill and knowledge, the glorious flora of British Columbia. The
attention of botanists all over the
world has been drawn to the wonderful flora wealth of British Columbia,
"a paradise for the botanist." By going out on exploring expeditions in
the mountains and by interesting
many, very many others, there is collected
Ten thousand mounted specimens
of British Columbia's herbs and flow-
* "* *   *
Take your choice of all that is left of $30,000
Worth of Books.   Now selling at prices
averaging 10c. to the Dollar!
(Opposite Dominion Theatre),940 Granville St.
OPEN S A.M. to 11 P.M. DAILY
Lv.   B'way   and   Main
 for Town
11.30   11.40   11.511  l J.i io
12.15   12.50    1.25   2.00
Lv. Post Office for
B'way and Main
11.44   11.54   12.114  12.1.1
12.2S     1.0.1     UN    2.13
Lv. B'way and Main
for Town
11.30   11.37
12.00   12.10
1.10     1.45
11.45 11.52
12.20 12.35
Lv. Post Office for
B'way and Main
11 SI    11.5S   I2H6  12.13
12.21    12,31    12.41   12.56
1.31     2.06    2.41
Lv. "English Bay
11 30
11.40   11.50  12.00
12.40     2.00
Due Post Office Lv. 25th Ave. Due  Post Office
11.40    11.50   12.0(1  12.10 11.16   11.26   11.46  12.06 11.36    11.46   12.06  12.25
12.30   12.50    2.HI 1.29 I.4S
Lv. English Bay
Due Post Office
Lv. Commercial Drive
11.45   11.57  12.10
12.117  12.20
11.24   11,36  12.40
Due Post Office
11.16   11.58  12.(11
Lv. 4th Ave. and Alma
Due Post Office Lv. Cedar Cottage
Due Post Office
11.10   11.20   11.30
11.55   12.15   12.35
LIS     1.35     l.���5
11.30  11.40
12.35  12.55
1.55    2.15
11.33   11.43   11.53 12.03
12.16   12.36   12.56    1.16
1.36     1.56    2.16   2.36
Lv. Shaughnessy Hgts.
Due Powell and Main Lv. River Avenue
11.32  11.40
11.44 12.00 12.08*
12.44*   1.00
11.04* 11.16 11.28*11.40*
11.52* 12.04 12.15*12.30f
Due Post Office
11.18   11.30   11.54
Cars marked (*) go to Prior Barn only.
Cars marked Cf) go to Powell St. only.
Lv. Stanley Park
Due Post  Office Lv.  56th   Avenue
11.18   11.33
11.42 11.53
11.25   11.40   11.49 12.00
11.12   11.24* 11.36 11.48*
12.00* 12.15* 12.35*1.00*
Cars marked (*) go to Prior Barn only.
Due Post Office
11.10   11.22   11.34 11.46
i  I  ���-,
Lv. Kitsilano
11.06   11.20   11.30*11.40
11.55* 12.15* 12.50*
Due Post Office Lv. Hastings Park
11.20   11.34   11.44*11.54     11.06   11.20   11.30*11.40
12.09* 12.29*   1.04* 11.55* 12.15     1.25*
Cars marked (*) go to Main antl Powell only.
Due  Post   Office
11.27   11.41   12.01  12.36
Lv.  Hastings  E.
11.24  11.36   11.4811.54*
12.06* 12.18* 12.30*1.12*
Due Main and Hastings Lv. Broadway W.
11.18   11.30   11.42 11.54     11.06   11.18   11.30 11.42
12.06 11.54   12.06f 12.18f 12.30
Cars marked (*) go to Main and Hastings only.
Cars marked (t) go to Mt. Pleasant Barn only.
Subject to change without notice.
Due Main and Hastings
11.30   11.42   11.54 12.06
12.18   12.54
ers.    All over the Province,
are   sending   in   specimens,
send  specimens  to  be  classified  and; tvarious
named���and thousands are being led
to take a scientific interest in the glorious science, botany.
Botanic Garden
Mr. Davidson has established a botanic garden. I have no space to describe it, but think British Columbia is
tloing in a little way what John Tradescant and Hans Sluane did hundreds
of years ago. Think of Kew Gardens.
The great botanic gardens at Calcutta, think of the botanic gardens at Antwerp, of the United Stales botanic
department with hundreds of assistants���and then sec what British Colombia is doing and what it would not
have done but for Mr. Davidson���our
first ami only botanic official expert.
Mr. Davidson has formed a library
of books on botany���in four years���
but with twenty years knowledge of
HOW to form it.
He has equipped his office with cabinets of books, glass specimen jars,
filled with specimens.
Look at this:���
The botanical gardener, in his report for this year, says what he has
3,500 cuttings have been prepared
of showy or rare species.
216 packets of seeds were sown in
seed-boxes, in addition to those sown
directly in the beds.
10,000 young plants are being protected in frames during the winter.
7,650 plants arc in the garden (including duplicates), numbering over
600 species.
350 specimens in the collection of
native trees (approximately thirty
different species).
780 specimens were received from
different parts of the Province.
425 permanent lead labels have replaced the former wooden ones.
53 habitats have been prepared for
bog-plants, and
47 habitats for Dry Belt specimens.
Good Work
At a cost so absurdly small that I
am ashamed tu mention it���startetl
and brought to its present wonderful
position���considering the little time
and the little money at his disposal���
a botanical department tlie future usefulness���and value of which even the
most  Sanguine   cannot  overestimate.
Mr. Davidson has prepared hundreds of lantern slides antl delivered
lectures on botany���-to thc delight and
instruction uf many. The office has
issued "Reports" which have won the
admiration of botanists, ami it is
known that our provincial botanist,
working with remarkable knowledge
���with an enthusiasm antl love of l)is
work which no money could purchase.
At the tinle of the establishment of
this office there was no official department in. British Columbia which
could supply information regarding
the native flora. A representative
herbarium of thc flora of thc Province was not to be found nearer.than
Washington, while the best collection
of British Columbia plants was to be
found at Ottawa.
There was no university course in
botany given in the Province, there
being only the elementary one prescribed for high-school students, and,
in anticipation of a botanical department for the University of British Columbia, it was considered advisable
that some preliminary botanical work
should bc done in order to facilitate
botanical instruction when thc department was organized. Part of the
work has been tbe formation of a re-
Think Of It!
Don't laugh! It's tragedy when
that sort of fully is seen in a government!
I shall write no mure���today! It is
not necessary. It is only necessary
t" make il known lhat to SAVE?
a few dullars the botanical department
is to lie shut up���and from those who
know and care will come a storm of
Barrister*, Solicitors, Etc.
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.
amateurs I preseritative    Provincial      Herbarium
hundreds ]whicii would supply specimens of the
groups  of  native  plants  for
a university collection.    At the same
time, specimens suitable for the botanical  museum  have  been  collected
and prepared for future use.
Is not this good work?
And why have I thus���at such great
length��� and with stft-h an attempt at
emphasis,' drawn attention to the botanical office  and  its valuable work?
"Because it seems that
A Peter Bell is in Office at Victoria.
A primrose by the river's brim.
A simple primrose is lo him���
And it is nothing more.
He can understand lumber! Ile
knows the value of timber limits. Sec
what a lot of men have been made rich
hy them!
Coal���Look at Dunsmuir Castle!
Meat���Look at Pat Bums!
Sugar���Look at Rogers!
But plants, flowers, herbs.
Bah���"There's nothing in  it!"
Why the salary of thc Provincial
botanist, a contractor's clerk would
sneer at.
"Let me write the war contracts,
I care not who writes thc war
said one "wise guy"���and who cares
now about a lot of dried herbs with
foreign names?
So���for Reasons of Economy, the
Botanical Office is to be abolished.
Do you quite grasp it?
Do you remember the spendthrift
English lord who found lie was losing
thousands in horse-racing, losing
thousands at cards, his wife was ruining him with extravagance, his steward and butler were robbing him, the
tradesmen were cheating him ��� he
must economise���so he stopped half
the cat's milk and took the sugar out
of the canary's cage.
A Clean
Fresh Milk
SOL-VAX MILK can be used for
nil purposes where a pure, clean, fresh
milk is required.
On lhe tabic���in the kitchen���for
athtlts���for ItAKlKS. it makes no difference whatever, because SOU-VAN
MILK. is produced under ideal conditions.
It Cornell from ranches where only
clean, healthy cows are kept���from responsible farmers who ktVow, the dairy
business thoroughly.
Sou-Van Milk
On reaching our sanitary dairy it is
pasteurized and clarified by the" latest
and   mosl   scientific   mctlidds then
bottled and capped under approved con-
Hit inns   im media tclyafte   r.
SOU-VAN MILK never lies round
-never comes   in   contact   with   dirt   or
disease gOrnw it's newer put into
dirty pottle" "never touched by human handi." MOTIIKKS* Vou can
avoid  nil  your  anxiety  and  worry  by
ttivhiK baby and the older children
Stll'VAN MII.K it's clean, rich
and   wholesome,     strengthening     and
nourilhJOg    the very best milk we know
Phone Painnoni _v,_M ami make en-
nuirlei that is if you want lo have
Ihe best   milk obtainable in  Vancouver.
Try Sou-Van Buttermilk.. Another
pure product ��� that wo recommend.
It's frefch churned, fully ripened,
properly prepared, delivered daily
in sterilized  bottles.
Milk Co.
Phone  Seymour  3406
Bett's Seals
Three times daily, 2.45, 7.15, 9.15
Matinee, 15c; Night, 15c & 25c
I*���-**��"-   ���       	


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