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The Standard Jun 3, 1916

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Array "Here shall the Press the people's rights maintain,
Unawed   by   interest   and   un-
bribed by gain."
��� PRINTING ���
Standard Prices. Standard Work
Standard   Printers
(formerly Chinook)
426 Homer St.        Seymour 470
Vol. V, No. 5���Established 1911
VANCOUVER,   B. C,   SATURDAY,   JUNE   3,   1916
Price Five Cents
THE GREAT PLUGGING CONSPIRACY
"At what ease
Might corrupt minds procure knaves as corrupt
To swear against you."
A DIFFICULT POSITION
IN   considering  any  of   the   legislation   which   has   been
brought  before   the   provincial   legislature   during   the
recent session, certain facts must be kept in mind. Tliere
is a great deal of difference between such policies as may
be good for the country and those which are good for the
party. The premier may be forgiven much, for the simple reason that much was expected of him. For some
years he has lived in an atmosphere of adulation. Everybody who wanted anything from the government eventually saw the attorney-general, who was always "on the
job." He worked extremely hard for years and accepted
responsibility which some of his colleagues were only too
ready to shift on to his shoulders. lie fairly won his
���position as premier by hard work. Brilliant he is not. but
he is quick to see an advantage if it is brought within his
grasp. His great weakness is his love of flattery and his
dislike of those who deal frankly with him and tell him
lie is not infallible, lie does not pretend to bc a statesman, but he does believe in himself as a politician, lie is
adroit and unscrupulous, but he is honest according to
his standard of political honesty. Ile sees nothing wrong
in using bis position for his personal profit and advantage
because tllat is politics as he sees them. The consequence is that his policies are dictated entirely by their
value for electoral purposes. His principles have nothing
to do with his policies, for principles, in his opinion, should
lie sacrificed to the good of his party. It is absurd to
blame him for bis tactics. Drowning men will clutch at
any straws, and if garbage contains a considerable amount
of straw that is not his fault. The by-elections were a
great shock to him. lie had only one course open. He
had to bring down as much legislation as was possible,
which might prove popular from the point of view of
spending money, and find mud which could stick to his
opponents. The plugging conspiracy supplied plenty of
mud.
THE PLUGGING CONSPIRACY
To those versed in the art or business of politics the
evidence given at Victoria in the inquiry into the Vancouver by-election may be exciting, interesting, or even valuable. To the great majority of the citizens, however, who
are not interested in politics but display considerable interest in policies, the whole spectacle is disgusting and
sordid to a degree. For weeks past the government has
been calling witnesses culled from the prolific underworld
of Seattle to prove that the Liberals deliberately imported
several undesirables in order that they might "plug," that
is to say, impersonate some voter at the polls, so as to
help defeat the government candidate, Mr. C. E. Tisdall.
The government's main effort has naturally been direetcit
to implicate the winner of the election, Mr. M. A. Mac-
Thc evidence concerning this meeting at which it is alleged Mr. Macdonald paid Gosden fifty dollars was rather
interesting a- it was corroborated by a Mr. Planta, a well-
known Conservative from Nanaimo, A greal deal of capital has been made out of this meeting, so it may be as
well to briefly deal with  it.
THE POST OFFICE MEETING
According to Gosden, he was told by Scott to collect
certain monies front Mr. Macdonald, who was responsible
for paying him. Gosden seems to have bothered Scott
several times about this money, and Scott seems to have
continually put him off. Gosden, according to his story,
complained to Mr. Macdonald and the latter eventually
made the appointment outside the Victoria post office,
and tliere handed him over fifty dollars. Gosden admits
Mr. Macdonald believed be was paying wages. Tllis evidence was corroborated by some man off a steamboat
who  said   be   was  standing  in   the  shadow  of  one  of  thc
crooks in Seattle? Did John T. Sett or Mr. Macdonald?
Who was able lo [dace bis bauds on the right witnesses?
Who was able to gel affidavits without tbe slightest trouble, contradicting other affidavits? Who knew exactly
when the men were coming, by what boat or train, and
where they were lodged* Whose bar was open on Sundays
before the inquiry took placer Who is supposed to stand
in with the license commissioners? Why���who but our
dear old friend and public-spirited citizen. John 1��� Sullivan, whose one object in life is to serve the public? Soft
music  heard  in  the distance���"Crossing the bar."
PLUGGERS NOT ARRESTED
There was all sorts of evidence given which the NEWS-
ADVERTISER interprets one way for the benefit of its
readers, and the SL'N", another. The former is naturally
trying to do its best to show the Liberals are devils and
the Conservatives angels, while the latter does the opposite. Hut it must be confessed that an examination of
the evidence does seem to indicate that tbe Conservative
party not only knew all about the plugging which was to
take place, but connived at it, that is to say, they allowed
it  to take  place  in  order to be able  to prove  it against
corners of the post office and also by Mr. Planta and his J the Liberals afterwards. Even if tbe Conservative party-
son of Nanaimo, who very curiously happened to be watch-1(ii(1 not conspire to "put one over" the Liberals, as many
ing Mr. Macdonald at the same time. The unbiassed man
reading the evidence would come to the conclusion that
a trap had been carefully set by those who were desirous
of catching Mr. Macdonald. li was to say the least of
it, most curious that the government was able to produce
witnesses to a meeting which both Mr. and Mrs. Macdan-
ald say could not have occurred. If it did occur surely Mr.
Macdonald would be very foolish to try and prove an alibi.
If he could not prove it lie would be condemned In any
case, whatever he had thought about the payment be is
alleged to have made lo Gosden. After all, he is a lawyer
and would realise that if Ile did pay any money to Gosden
for wages, frankness would have been all that was necessary. Whether Gosden was paid by anyone remains to bc
seen. Gosden could doubtless have organised a certain
number of votes for either party if he bad been paid to do
so.
A CURIOUS COINCIDENCE
Thus as far as the episode is concerned, at best Gosden
could only prove that Mr. Macdonald paid him fifty dollars for work done, said work being the organisation of
waterfront workers for the Liberals. Hut the importation
of "pluggers" from Seattle was obviously the conspiracy
which the government knew all about. Side issues might
be uncertain but the Seattle stage was all set and the parts
known by heart. The government had plenty of witnesses
ready to prove to the people of British Columbia what a
fraudulent humbug the new member was. Most people
at the outset were struck by a curious coincidence. The
premier and attorney-genera! was responsible for the investigation by the parliamentary committee and immediately afer the committee was named the government witnesses were on hand to give evidence. The very first was
a jail bird from Seattle whose real .nunc was.iWt.given.
The rest of the evidence was from similar sources. It
was  obvious  then  that  the  government,  or  at  least  the
donald,  in  the  fraud.    It has  been  sought to prove  that, premier, knew all abo'lit the case and a great deal of time
might have been saved if Mr. Bowser had been asked to
give the committee all his information regarding the horrible plot. That the premier had all information was plain,
and later on it developed that some of the members of the
Conservative patronage committee in Vancouver! Messrs.
Welch and lloskin, knew all about it. Their knowledge
had apparently conic through one. John L". Sullivan, of the
Irving Hotel, said to be a somewhat favored hostelry in tbe
eyes  of  tbe  licensing commissioners,  whose  political  ili-
Before the evidence bad gone very far it was found that
all trails were leading to this particular friend of the pat-1 Sullivan,  slated  that these  men  had said  they were  paid
i roiiage committee.'   Eventually he was called as a witness!
Mr. Macdonald not only knew and countenanced the importation of these men but that he paid for them and directly conspired with his campaign committee to commit
this fraud on the people of thc province. It must be admitted by any fair-minded person that it Mr. Macdonald
was in any way responsible for the fraud he is no proper
person to represent the city of Vancouver even ill the local
legislature at Victoria. But it must also be admitted that
if he knew nothing of what was going on, he has been the
.object of a very vile conspiracy.    It is possible that some I fhieri.ee is naturally not small,
of  his   friends  knew  of and  did  attempt  to  emmit  tl1eiXHE GOVERNMKNT'S KNOWLEDGE
fraud,  but  the  evidence  given   seems   to   prove   that   .Mr.
Macdonald is more the victim of cither bis friends, or a
conspiracy than the beneficent of a fraud.
THE LIBERAL INVESTIGATION j aml tlu.��� !t transpired that for days before the election he
It is fair to admit that the government was obliged to knew through his friends in Seattle all about the "plug-
try and fix the blame on Mr. Macdonald if it could bejging" conspiracy and that he warned the Conservatives!
proved that lie bad so conspired. But seeing that the | Why tliil he warn Mr. Welsh, the grocer and prospective
premier is also attorney-general of the province, it would candidate for Vancouver? Why did he not go straight
have been thought that if there was a fraud, it was the! to the police if he was acting in the interests of the
business of the attorney-general when it was brought to public? Tbe answer seems to be contained ill the evidence
his notice, to institute proceedings against the parties given by the police. They did not care about information
concerned, have them arrested on a warrant charging them which came to them through such sources. They evident-
wlth committing this fraud, and have them tried by the ly know Mr. Sullivan and bis friends. Had nol tlic Mayor
judiciary. Instead, what happened was that the Liberals of Vancouver recently fallen foul i f the division of auth-
themselves, headed by Mr. Patrick Donnelly, swore an in- ority between the police and license commissi mers? He
formation against a certain man named Annancc and suggested ib.it the police cuhl not do their duly because
prosecuted him before a judge for impersonation. They of the interference of the license commissioners. Are the
proved iheir case ami Annancc was scut to jail. The : latter part and parcel of the Conservative political niacli-
NEWS-ADVER.TISER seems to think that the Liberals iticry and could they, therefore, protect certain friends such
would not have done ibis unless they were certain they as John l��� Sullivan: The evidence of Mr. Sullivan revealed
bad been found out. li suggests that they proceeded to two things. First, that he was a very gooil friend of the
investigate the smaller fraud ill the hopes of confusing'Conservatives; and secondly, that the government knew
lhe trail leading to the bigger conspiracy,
to rest on a list presented to the City Liberal Organization by one John T. Scott, apparently the head clerk of
the Liberal Provincial Organization. The list carried
a number q[ names which were asked to be passed as bona-
fide voters wlifcii they came before the scrutineers at tbe
polling booths. Tllis list was promptly suppressed by the
City Liberal Organisation and every effort made to find
out why it was issued.
people seem to think, they evidently did nothing to prevent the illegal voting by certain men brought in from
Seattle. They complained to the police, but they did not
get out warrants for the arrest of these men, and the
police knowing through whom the complaint came, evidently placed no reliance on it. but thought it just a political dodge to affect the voting at the last moment. As a
matter of fact, very few of the pluggers ever voted. N'ot
only that, but the majority for Mr. Macdonald was so overwhelming that any such votes were absolutely useless.
Also nearly every man outside politics with any knowledge
of the situation, could sense the opposition to the Conservative party. Months before the election it was almost
certain that any government candidate would be defeated
in Vancouver. Therefore it would have been not only
quite unnecessary, but also very stupid of the Liberals
to try and make certain of defeating Mr. Tisdall by bringing in a few criminals from Seattle to plug against him.
UNRELIABLE EVIDENCE
Tbe NEWS-ADVERTISER goes into hysterics over
the attempts made by the SUN to turn the evidence against
the Conservatives. The SUN, being the Liberal organ,
may perhaps be allowed the same privileges as the NEWS
ADVERTISER, for the latter consistently has done all it
can to distort the evidence. All the evidence so far produced seems to indicate that John Scott in some way was
mixed up with the party from Seattle. As John Scott was
paid by the Liberals, naturally the inference is that the
Liberals were actually concerned in bringing in pluggers.
Here are, however, two organizations, the city and the
provincial, and it is to the latter that John Scott is responsible. Mr. M. A. Macdonald is president of the latter,
and therefore presumably knew* all about John Scott.
Therefore it is easy to jump to thc conclusion that Mr.
Macdonald knew all about the plugging. But there is no
evidence whatever to show that he did. On the other
hand, there is plenty of evidence to show that the Conservative party knew all about the plugging through their
friend, Mr. Sullivan. Mr. Macdonald had employed a
detective to look out for plugging by the Conservatives.
The government witnesses from Seattle were quite unreliable, as they were' bound to be if they would lend
themselves for such purposes. But they were all on band
and were alt given complete immunity. Probably the
whole lot would swear anything at any time provided
payment was made fbr their perjury Mr. lircwster secured certain affidavits from some oi the Seattle gang
which stated plainly that they had been offered money
to come over and testify against the Liberals. Later on
the   extremely   active   friend   of   thc   Conservatives.   Mr.
incident he bad taken Mr. Brewster into his confid
and dealt fairly with him, everything could have been cl
ed up very quickly. All Mr. Bowser had to do was to e
aa any straight thinking man would have acted. But i:.-
stead, he at mice jumped to the conclusion that he ha
been given a valuable club wherewith to chastise his ene
mies. He knows very well and the people of British Columbia also know quite well, that Mr. Brewster is absolutely
honest. Therefore if he had said to Mr. Brewster that he
had heard tliere had been some plugging in the Vancouver
election and that he would be glad to make some arrangement by which it could not be dragged into politics, Mr.
lircwster would have at once helped in every way possible to elucidate the mystery. It would have been to the
advantage of the Conservatives to have proved that despite bis defeat Mr. Bowser was a sportsman and a gentleman who recognised worth in a rival. It would have
added very much to Mr. Bowser's popularity as a man,
and made people think very differently of him. But Mr.
Bowser is not that sort���he cannot see beyond the immediate advantage. He seizes on anything and everything
which at the time seems likely to give him a political victory. N'ot being gifted with generosity or psychology, he
could not conceive that the electorate would appreciate
his attitude if he told Mr. Brewster that all the information he had came from such disgraceful sources that he
suspected a plot against both parties. The result is that
the electorate has been absolutely disgusted, believes none
of the evidence given, is sick of the way politics are played,
and have a strong suspicion that tiie Conservatives have
tried to "put one over" the Liberals.
LACK OF RESPECT
The report of the investigating committee is obviously
a majority report hastily concocted, which will make the
case appear as badly as possible against the Liberals. But
the electorate will not place any reliance on that report.
her, his obvious maliciousness, his determined attempt to
Mr. Bowser's tirade against the Vancouver Liberal mem-
provc that the various other investigations have disclosed
nothing, whereas they have disclosed a great deal of political chicanery and patronage, vill not wash the Conservatives clean. The electorate cannot be put off the trail of the
Dominion Trust, of the money received by the NEWS-
ADVERTISER from Mr. Matson out of the Songhees
Reserve deal, of'the Hamilton Read commission���by the
reports of these committees. Tliere may be nothing legally wrong���that is not the point. The wrong is moral and
political morals are a question of character and principles.
It is merely stupid for Mr. Bowser to accuse Mr. Macdonald of acting for the wife of the contractor to the
government on the parliament buildings, and insinuating
tllat he therefore cannot complain of Mr. Bowser's connection with Bowser, Reid and Wallbridge. Mr. Bowser
is attorney-general, Mr. Macdonald is a private member.
That sort of thing only shows Mr. Bowser has absolutely
no sense of proportion, or for the matter of that, of
humor. The refusal to investigate the Pacific Great Eastern and Messrs. Foley, Welch and Stewart, despite the
fact that the government is determined to advance them
another $6,1X111,000, utterly damns the government. The
way in which Mr. Bowser has handled the prohibition question without any regard for principle, is despicable. People do not respect such methods, and respect of the governed is essential to government. Even the prohibitionists
will have far more respect for Messrs. Thomson, Pooley,
MacLean and Foster for speaking their minds on the
subject than for the supine crowd who apparently have no
minds. The "plugging conspiracy" bas taken up a great
deal of valuable time and its effect on the mind of the
electorate bas been nil. It will hurt. Mr. Macdonald if he
cannot prove his alibi, nut if he can do so, there vvill be a
definite sentiment in his favor. On the other hand, if he
is guilty of such absolute stupidity the sooner lie resigns
from  the Liberal party  the  better
or the affii
ividence con
ixperises oi i
its.    Well
4  from,  sue!
se vv itnesse
The Liberal party ;is a party c;
Ihey have nol the funds. Did !
to be out of pocki I  thereby?
AGAINST BOTH  PARTIES
quarter
Who paid i
iiiuoi have
dr. Sullivan
can   rely   i
Who paid
all tl
ggi rj
lik. 1
d at such a tunc l^ vv i
ii- fellow candidates
is the innocent victii
- who may still be
To commit  such a
n i riminal; it is an outrage
: i iple.    If Mr, Macdon-
n e    f th(  old tang politi-
- tin t' e upper band in
table oi ganization.
I.   If ibis thing
deeompositii n is attended
rtheless, M      I  vv ser
Jill
ging by
.ill
th ,-ii
ence
given,  il  looks  ver
��� much
is if
neither
he
i fficial
i.n i
���yil or Conservative
pari ir -
bad ;
nj* part i
i t
ie "plot.
'    ll
-'.cms as if John Sc
lav e
l V .      1
known a
i n
i
Oti
t il and
giv c cv
il ������   bul
took
dem
ini'i
some pan in il. bn
and i- als i gi\ en i
���:-UK-f    Oil    Which    t"
min
chart
e.    The
lac
t  rcinaii
s  lb
ii  he was oiilj   hi ;
$75 ;
month
or
bis wor
i am
thai hi   might
tried
to make
a 1
tile nior
, the side."   Su y   -
pi i rI o.H
eal leadi r
thi   by ele :ti ins to
p  litician
in which
H
arc
���rth
hi
infusing; G<
This seemed  all  about  thc  plugging before  a  single  plugger  came  t'
THE SCOTT LIST
Tt was this list which brought forward one J. C. Gosden,
who has been prosecuted for perjury by Mr. Macdonald.
It also disclosed the activities of John T. Scott, who is
held responsible for it. Scott appears to have handled
funds for the Liberals and Gosden maintained that large
sums went through Scott's hands. Other evidence indicated that Gosden must have greatly exaggerated, as
the Liberals do not seem, according to Mr. Pound, then
treasurer, to have, had any large sums to dispose of. He
offered to show his books but the committee of investigation apparently were not very interested in books. Seemingly the committee knew perfectly well that the real conspiracy concerned the imported "gentlemen" from Seattle.
The inquiry really settled on that feature, especially after
the Annauce case was settled by the Liberals themselves.
The list issued by Scott seems to hang on the evidence of
Gosden, who finds himself prosecuted for perjury because
he swore he met Mr. Macdonald at a certain time outside
the post office at Victoria, which Mr. Macdonald denies,   source from which it comes."   Who knew all the political
>  il   thi   pi i igi ess ol re fii bene more and mon   corrupt, sigh)
plai    humanities        atui otley masqui l*ad<
tricks     '"["!'ii--.-    heii as."
t RITICUS.
Vancouver. Ex-alderman lloskin, of the patronage committee, was actually at the station to sec some of them
come in. The NEWS-ADVERTISER, which, by the way,
became highly hysterical at the turn affairs were taking,
tried to make out the police did not do their duly, li
was obviously clutching at straws.
ENTER ONE SULLIVAN
Behold then the trail which leads to John L. Sullivan, a
certain gentleman presumably of Irish extraction, a well-
known figure in the political underworld of Seattle, proprietor of the Irving Hotel on Hastings Street, Vancouver,
friend of the license inspectors and the patronage committee of the Conservative party, whose bar on Sundays
has been said to dispense liquor against the law*, and whose
activities in connection with the plugging business were to
put it mildly, most suspicious. According to Messrs.
Welsh and lloskin, both Conservatives, and on the
patronage committee, Sullivan warned the Conservatives
of what was taking place. All the correspondence unsigned and signed which appears to have taken place between
the Conservative officials and Sullivan bas, curiously
enough, been destroyed as of no importance. Knowing
the political activities of Messrs. lloskin and Woodside,
is it not a little suspicions that Mr. Sullivan took them
into his confidence. Is Mr. Sullivan thc sort of gentleman who acts for the public good? His information is
looked  on  with  suspicion  by  the  police  owing    to  "the
rtain parties came to him with a propositi n    ij        ��� ll
lie could make a few hundred dollars, he might "take it
up" even if ii meant betraying the people for whom he
was working. It is known that the Liberal parly is badly
off for funds. Every Liberal was absolutely confident ol
the result, so that it would have been very poor business
to speculate in pluggers who cost a deal of money, and
would be certain to give il away. But if after the election
it could be proved tllat whichever candidate was successful, the party to which that candidate belonged knew that
pluggers bad come over for the election, that proof would
be very useful to anybody endeavoring to obtain something from the government. If Mr. Tisdall had been returned il would have been very useful to be able to tell the
story  of  the  plugging to  Mr.  Brewster,  unless  the  g  v- j VANCOUVER SCHOOL BOARD
ernment "came through" with certain legislation favorable  r-pHE question of supervisors in .schools is one ol" mo-
to certain  interests.    The  whole "plot" might have been |   ��    lm.m  ;���  the city  of Vancouver at present.    Several
���EDITORIAL OPINIONS-
The
worked   quite   unofficially   by   the   "plotters"   themselves, j delegations waitc
It is worth noting that Mr. Macdonald suspected something and the Conservatives knew something, so it is obvious that both parties were aware something was wrong
somewhere. It is perfectly certain that Mr. Tisdall would
have had nothing to do with plugging, but Mr. Tisdall
no more than Mr. Macdonald is responsible for some ol"
the parasites which cling to political parties. Seemingly
the only person who could benefit by the "plot" is once
more our old friend, John L., who might have been considering the political problem from behind the bar.
A BOOOMERANG
In the condition to which politics have been reduced, it
is unfortunate that the leaders only see the thing in front
of their nose.   If directly Mr. Bowser was informed of the
upon the Trustees the other day
and expressed various opinions. Some of the delegates
were more emphatic than others. All seemed sincere and
anxious to arrive at a satisfactory solution.
In well appointed schools arc supervisors necessary?
They may bc, and they* may not bc. If they themselves
are expert, up to date teachers, they may have a place in
modern educational systems, but political heelers, and
friends of trustees, who have no qualification for the office, other than this friendship, are certainly detrimental
to thc best interests of the system, and should be dispensed
with, no matter how influential tbe deputation which urges
their retention. Efficiency is more important than friendship, in ali matters pertaining to thc education of children. ���^"
������
TWO
THE   STANDARD
SATURDAY, JUNE 3, 1916
��ty &tmb*vb
Published every Saturday at 42G Homer Street, Vancouver.
Telephone  Seymour 47��
���- yfttj+iiered   at   the   Post   Office   Department,   Ottawa,   aa
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ut vicinity at ten cents a month.
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Chinook, circulates In Vancouver and the cities, towns, vll
luges   and   settlements   throughout   British   Columbia.     m
pelltics the paper Is independent Liberal.
Publishers The Standard rrinters
It is, however, a curious fact that the branches of education which the supervisors oversee, are not recognised by
the Department of Education. No examinations are held
in these subjects and no standard of efficiency is reached
by the student. Thc teacher does not therefor work for
results, which are, after all, the only tests of efficiency.
Now, it would seem that if this work is as important as
some people think it is, why are not our teachers made
proficient in it"' Surely a well-trained modem school
principal, thoroughly on to his job, ought to know more
about educational methods than some antiquated wirepuller, who, as one member of the Trustee Board asserted,
seem to be bucking the Board in every shape and form,
presumably because he feels that services to some party
or other guarantees him a life job. irrespective of all efficiency considerations. The very fact that Ihis "bucking"
was mentioned at the last meeting, is proof that all supervisors are not just teachers. It would be interesting to
know how some supervisors were appointed: what certificates they hold, and what success has attended their efforts as expert teachers.
The method of capture is simplicity itself. It is done in
the primary convention, and usually the candidate is only
the merest tool in the hands of a few unscrupulous and
mercenary political tyrants. The candidate is usually
a member of all and every ward association, secret society,
and brotherhood in the district. He need not have any
brains, indeed the fewer the better. He may even be, as
some of our representatives in our legislative assemblies
are, almost illiterate.
* * *
THE PRIMARY CONVENTION then is the root evil
of our political system. It is open, and leaves the candidate open, to all manner of bribery and corruption. For
in every community, however small, the "interests" have
their agents. They size up the situation and very soon
know just how many votes must be bought to secure the
nomination of any one candidate. And they buy them,
too, thus placing the successful nominee of the convention
under tlieir thumb. He has been nominated to represent
the party on the hustings, by the money and influence of
an interest that will dog and dominate his whole parliamentary life should he be elected. They will soon let him
know, that "WE SECURED YOUR NOMINATION.
YOU MUST ACT AND VOTE IN OUR INTERESTS,
FIRST, LAST AND ALL THE TIME." In other words,
the candidate does not represent the people. He represents an interest. It may be liquor, banks, railways, anything.
* * *
This machine system of nomination isalso detrimental to
the best interests</d the constituency. It takes away from
the individual voter any choice in the matter. He must
either vote for the machine candidate, or vote against his
party. He has no option. Many a bad representative is
returned to the legislature simply because the voters did
not want to register against their own party.
* * *
Tbe cure to all this evil lies in getting good men to
work in the ward associations. Men whom money cannot
buy. No other reform need be preached until a complete
capture has been made of the primary conventionns by thc
strong forces of righteousness in every community, small
or large. .Moral responsibility must be brought home to
every man, and in such a way and with such force, as
shall give impetus and enthusiasm, as well as practical
power, to true democracy.
An article by C. N. Haney on "The Educational System
of British Columbia" presents a unique viewpoint of our
present public school system that should cause all educationalists to think. The editorials are bright and up to
date. Such questions as "Independence in Politics," "The
Half-holiday Movement," etc., are treated with breadth
and sympathy. The question of Compensation is also
dealt with in relation to "Time Extension" and "Property
Adjustment." Altogether this magazine merits a wide
circulation in our province.
r
* *
The question
of the delcgati
gives another
This may bc,
from another
tion of votes
or dismissing
have a clear .
ested in educ
must for evei
estate, or vol
ti
liainmtii
many voters
ni  lo  trustee
by the
n, "How
coinplexi
nevertheless, a very pr
angle, but why should ll
be   dragged   into  the   nil
T
per
upcrv
I lo a
nal afl
���asure
introl?
I', ven
101   io
:    Ca
rythin
if thc members i
you  represent,"' i
rk   iu   the   city.
luestion viewed
ev erlasting ques-
e  question   of  retaining
ilthough a mail may nol
might he not lie inter-
it be  possible  lhat  wc
and Everybody bv real
( In   llie
���rest in
itlu
II
ply tin
salary
and one worthy of more comment
present permit, that a board lhat wi
over the dismissal ol" a music teacher or two, will give
heating inspector a cartc-blanche purchasing commission
to do work amounting lo somewhere in the neighborhood
of $20,000 on a 10 per cent, basis, and that with only one
dissenting voice.
It is only fair to the member who questioned thc deal
that the public should know this. If the Trustees call for
tenders in one kind of work, why are not tenders asked for
in another?
���1:    *    *
One matter cf considerable interest to the community
was evidently side-tracked on a technicality, despite the
efforts of this dissenting .member to begin the probe. Because one member was absent, a grievance from a building superintendent, involving a statement concerning some
alleged irregularities of a member of the Board, was laid
over. There may he nothing in this allegation. There
may he a great deal in it. A thorough probe will doubtless
bring out everything in due course, but it does seem
strange that a meeting which had power to grant carte-
blanchc purchasing commissions to heating inspectors,
practically without discussion, and also abolish the office
of supervisors, could not deal with this matter.
Everything may be all right with the working of our
school board system in Vancouver. We sincerely hope it
is. But in these days of commissions and investigations,
the spirit of inquiry seems to be in the air, and it is only
natural that iu an institution where upwards of $600,000
annual expenditure of public money is involved, the fullest
publicity should be given to all transactions. Absolute
honesty in public life has nothing to fear from frank and
free investigation. But should this be denied, and matters,
however trivial, side-tracked, then those in authority
should he prepared for just and merited criticism. We
await with some degree of interest the bringing forward
of this grievance by Trustee Lang at a future meeting of
thc Board.
CHURCH UNION AND THE METHODIST
CONFERENCE
111'', General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in
Canada will meet in Winnipeg next week. The great
question of Church Union will be discussed. It may
be finally settled. The average newspaper reader is not
much interested in Church Union, and that for many reasons. The church iu Canada, by whatever name known, is
controlled by a hierarchy. The average church member has
little or nothing to do with the government of affairs. Ile
attends the Sunday services and pays bis subscriptions
and, according lo the systems ill vogue at present, bis
obligations to the rdspective churches would seem lo
begin and end tliere. In politics we call government such
as this "Machine or Caucus Control." All right thinking
men art opposed lo such methods. Parsons and ministers
preach against them. Xow if you unite two such machine
governed institutions, will such a union be in (be best
interests of the people? Can what is wrong in politics
be all right ill
vcragc voter look more ill's of iln- School Trustee Board and their
ght be sav eil something more than sim-
u  lew supervisors.    It is a curious fact, j,)c :l" "Shi hi Church affairs?    But wc leave the question
than our space will at and hope that whatever is consummated may lie for the
I haggle for four hours hest and highest interests of a land which needs tlie very
I" a music teacher or two, will give alljl-'sl |I|;" religion can give for the elevating of its people
carle-blanche  purchasing
The Methodist Conference, another ecclesiastical body
and one of the parties to this Union, met in Vancouver
this week. Representatives from the Presbyterian Church
conveyed greetings lo this sister body. But, strange V
say, every Presbyterian pulpit of note in the city had a
Presbyterian preacher occupying it last Sunday although
there was a great gathering of Methodist brethren in the
city. It may have been an oversight, but a common layman would have expected to see, in view of the anticipated
Union, some kind of brotherly exchange arranged for on
that day. Surely it is not too much to ask Presbyterian
ministers to practice what they preach, in the letter as
well as in thc spirit.
REV. BERNARD VAUGHAN CALLS EMPTY
CRADLES BRITAIN'S BIG DANGER
HE cry "Back to the Land" is not so important as
"Back to the home."
The cradles of Britain are empty.    We are a nation travelling to the cemetery.
Never was the marriage rate so high; never the birth
rate so lotf, and that at a time when the cry is to replace
the men wc are losing.
When 1 was a lad the birth rate in England was 37 to
40 per thousand.   Today it has fallen to 19.
It takes days to make a shell, weeks to forge a gun,
months to build a ship. But a man is not a man for 20
years.
The waste of men is the longest loss of war. It is a
waste beyond computation because it stretches far into
the future in which, under happier conditions, these men
dead in their prime would have been the fathers of children we need.
No sane man facing these facts can doubt that our whole
national future is in jeopardy.
1 have said the marriage rate was never so high.
It seems quite impossible for some people to realize
that marriage is not a special fad of the Church of England or even of the Church of Rome, but a fairly ancient
and universal  institution.
In hundreds of English towns "war marriages" are the
order of the day. A "war marriage" is a marriage where
the bridegroom is in khaki, and the bride, very probably,
on her way to a munitions factory.
Too prudent people emphasise the risk lhat the husband
may return crippled. II" that be a legitimate argument
against marriage then the law should forbid the marriage
of miners oi'imen employed in any dangerous trade.
In 49 cases out of 50, marrying involves a certain amount
of risk. But a real marriage of the right people for the
right reason is a thing worth taking risks for. Perhaps
the gamble constitutes one of the attractions.
Still, in the excitement of our present life, it is inevitable that a number of perpetually desirable but unfashionable virtues arc being more or less ignored by the people at home.
Bluejackets, men in khaki, splendid air men arc risking
their lives to save our honor from disgrace, our country
from invasion, ourselves from vassalage and serfdom.
And wc?
'I see everywhere on thc streets of our mammoth metropolis bejewelled ladies in the daintiest of footwear���which
you can sec as far as-ever it reaches, and thc most perfect
hats.    You would think that we had money lo throw away.
And. if you look a little longer, you will sec that a costly-
pel   dog   is  cuddled   somewhere,   a   plaything   that   could
easily be replaced by  two men in khaki as far as money
goes.
Is this right, or fair in the women of wartime England?
ll  is not men, munitions, or money wc want most now.
ll   is   the  mother   we   need  today,  and   shall  need   more
pressed upon him, while very young, that he is not to play
with the washerwoman's boy across the alley, or the janitor's boy in the basement.
Not because they are bad boys, but because of the Canadian caste system which depends, in a large measure upon
wealth for its lines of demarcation.
Granted that the janitor has brains; granted that the
cook in your kitchen has the heart of a Jane Addams (and
we have known some), he is still the janitor and she is
still the cook.
Are we bringing up a lot of snobs and are we utterly
neglecting the very principles for which we Till NIC we
stand; equality and opportunity for the pursuit of happiness?
* * *
The public school is the most democratic institution we
have.
Here no distinctions are made and we are justly proud
of it.
For this reason it is the logical place in which the principles of democracy should be taught.
Why does not somebody lay out a course in this important subject, beginning with a certain ethical atmosphere in the kindergarten and working up, higher and
higher, until by the time our boys and girls are graduated
from the high school, they will understand the duties of the
Canadian citizen and be prepared to assume any responsibility placed upon them?
Democracy would then not be a thing outside but would
become part of himself.���Selected.
WHY COMPEL
THE PURPOSE OF conscription is not to force into the
ranks those who are needed fur work that cannot be done
by natural non-combatants in the cloth factories, the coal
mines, machine shops, and other of the profitable industries of the Empire, but to throw a dragnet over the country that will catch the shirkers who are not doing good
work at home and who could be turned into effective fighters. It is a way of making the most useless pick up rifles
instead oi" leaving the most useful and conscientious to
volunteer for the service. As compared with the voluntary
system it has the disadvantage of gathering in thc naturally timid, a cruelty to them, with small gain, if not positive harm, to thc ranks. Still, military officers and privates generally favor it. Conscription would probably
have been adopted long ago in Great Britain had it not
been for the political aspect which the question had assumed. It had long been one of the chief dividing lines
between the Liberal and Conservative parties, and bad
come, not unnaturally, to be associated in the mind of the
people with class domination, The nation has approached
it in such a gradual way that even those who were most
strenuously opposed to it have been brought round to see
as a war necessity before it was adopted,
that no considerable section of the people
test.���Witness.
Ti
day it seems
11 make pro-
aml more.
We
Cod's
want war wives, truly, but war wives proud to meet
will lii become mothers.
SATUROAV^CHINOOfC
BREEZES    OF    INDIGNATION
AND    INFORMATION
IT WOULD NOT take
population. J lundreds,
night's fire ten minutes
THE SECRET OF POLITICAL POWER
THE future of democracy rests entirely with the good
men who will use the opportunity it affords. Mr.
Gladstone said, late in life, that the leading principles
of his political career had not been so much attention to
law-making as the fact that he had "worked" the existing
institutions of the country for the PURPOSE OE PROGRESS.
* * *
And this is exactly what we want in British Columbia.
New parties and new laws by these parties will never solve
our political difficulties. We must work out our own
salvation in our existing parties. It may bc with fear and
trembling, but we must nevertheless WORK.
* * *
In communities such as we have in B. C. that is communities that are not too large to handle, a few men of
high principle can really lead if they unite to do so. And
this type of man should be encouraged to enter into the
political arena and do his "bit."
* * *
Of course, it is also open to a few men. WITHOUT
principle or conscience, to capture these communities and
lead them whither they will. And this is exactly what has
taken place in this Province.
POLITICAL PARTIES
ti^^ARTY," said Burke, the great English statesman,
1 "is a body of men united for promoting by tlieir
joint endeavors the national interest upon some
particular principle upon which they are agreed."
A very simple definition indeed, but one wdth a great
deal of meaning, especially in view of the numerous scandals of the political parties of the day. "The national interest," the general welfare of thc country and province,
that's the thing! Not thc petty jealousies of communities or the selfish intrigues of individuals.
Just so long as a party answers this definition, just so
long as it is bound together by a common attachment to
principles and a supreme regard for the general welfare,
its existence is justified and beneficial, the moment it becomes a machine for the protection of special interests or
the dispensation of patronage it is a menace to the country.
Since government in a free country is and must bc by
parties, the purity of the government depends on the purity of the party organization. And party organization
will not be kept pure if the business of managing their
affairs is left to professional politicians. (Witness thc
revelations at Victoria regarding the Vancouver and Victoria bye-elections). The simple question is whether
the intelligent and respectable citizens will make up their
minds to use the political parties as thc expression of
their patriotism or whether the political managers shall
use them as tbe instruments of greed and tyranny.
In short, the abuses of party will cease when good citizens use the parties instead of allowing themselves to be
used by them. Then, and not till then, will our parties
perform their true function in promoting the general welfare and cease from being perverted by political manipulators for their own selfish advantage.
THE MORATORIUM
COCAINE STIFLES PA1X, hut it does not correct the
cause of thc malady producing the pain. In general, the
application of the moratorium is like using cocaine, when
what is really needed is to let things take tlieir course,
and perhaps operate. In specific instances, in cases wdiere
a soldier-owner of realty or property really deserted a
comfortable wage or income to go overseas, the moratorium fits exactly. Where a man out of work, due to
lose his property anyway, enlisted as a means of support,
the moratorium gives artificial protection, and where dishonest or very greedy people are using the moratorium
as a shield, they are depriving the investor in land or
property of,what is his just due, and at the same time they
are depressing the whole real estate situation. Nothing
helps an over-inflated real estate situation like a real good
bump. When the bottom is reached, there is a confidence
engendered in feeling that there can be no worse. Land
and property throughout Canada are now chloroformed
by the moratorium, and when the patient comes out of
the chloroform, it may possibly take fits. The depression
may be more severe than if the process had been natural
and unarrested.���Saturday Night.
long to aiitomo
of   motor   cars
after tin
* * *
UP To TIIE PRESENT there has been
tourists to Alaska to escape the beat.
lilize
wen
Vancouver's
at  Sunday
alarm was turned in.
no great rush of
WESTMINSTER REVIEW
AN article in the,WESTMINSTER REVIEW, of this
city, for May, ou "The Crisis in Party Politics and
the Way Out," attempts to deal with the situation
in an interesting and novel way. "The prevailing plan of
electing Dominion and Provincial Parliaments, as well as
municipal and other councils is abnormally defective,"
says the Review, "and as a result democracy is discredited." The remedy for the glaring evils of our political
system lies in an entirely new method of electing representatives known as "Proportional Representation," and a
perusal of this and other succeeding articles in the Review will repay all statesmen interested in how to improve
present conditions.
BEGIN IN THE SCHOOLS
WE CALL OURSELVES a democracy, and make fine
speeches about it on the First of July and other occasions
when patriotism with a big "P" holds the floor and gives
an opportunity for much verbiage of speech.
The constitution is framed upon those principles and we
have  come to believe,  without thinking,  that we  arc  all
born of and grow along the same pattern.
As this is not true of any other sort of birth and growth
religion, ethics, philosophy, mathematics, etc.; it is a
little curious that we assume it to be so iu the matter of
government.
We are careful to send our children to Catholic, Baptist,
Methodist, or Presbyterian Sunday schools, as the case
may be; wc are careful to have them educated along certain lines of trade or profession, knowing that otherwise
they will accomplish nothing; we are anxious that they
may have an understanding of the principles of mathematics as essential to all business life; and, at one time,
we felt the same in regard to thc classics as a foundation
for cultural life.
We do not expect them to become lawyers or doctors
without years of preparation, but do expect that they will
all attain manhood with a complete understanding of
democracy and its application to the affairs of the country.
Naturally this is an unreasonable expectation. Naturally our young men haven't more than a vague idea of
what democracy stands for and consider that it is a thing
OUTSIDE THEIR LIVES.
But wdiy should a child grow up with democratic ideas
unless he has had them taught to him from earliest years
and lived in a democratic atmosphere?
That he too infrequently does not live in such an atmosphere, we know.
Left to himself, any child of his own age appeals to him
(which is instinctive democracy which might persist without training in a primitive environment), bue .he has it im-
1T WAS NOT surprising that the debate in the legislature
on the prohibition bill was of a spirited nature.
* * *
IF THE GIRL'S skirts continue decreasing in length
another trifle they will be able to make one out of a
handkerchief.
* * *
THE LOCAL READING public is becoming surfeited
with the pages of election scandals published in the daily
press, and would be glad if a change to something more
edifying and interesting.
* * *
THE WATERFRONT HOBOES had abundant material'
for a colossal banquet after Sunday night's fire. All kinds
of fish, fried, baked and boiled, roast squab, fricassed rats,
and sparrows on cinders were available for the feast.
* * *
CIVIC ECONOMY REACHES the danger zone when it
affects the efficiency of the fire department. The absence
of a fire-boat and an undermanned department was responsible for the loss of thousands of dollars.
* * *
WHILE THE FRENCH army is defending Verdun the
B. C. troops will invade Vernon.
* + *
PRESIDENT WILSON'S PEACE proposals will be
placed in cold storage until they reach maturity.
* * *
MEXICO IS A country of mountains and villas. The
mountains are always visible, but the Villa is out of sight.
* * *
SINCE MANITOBA HAS gone "dry," Winnipeg hopes lo
escape the annual spring floods.
* * *
THE NUMBER OF cases of heat prostration this season
is the lowest on record.
* * +
IT WOULD BE interesting to know what Colonel Roosevelt thinks of the German-American declaration oi rights.
His published opinion would doubtless contain more dashes
than hyphens.
* * *
LOVERS DESIRING A quiet and secluded spot for
"spooning" will be entirely free from observation at the
local bathing beaches.
* * ��
THE PLUGGERS VOTE is becoming a rival of the
"silent vote" in determining tbe result of elections. Its
noise is heard for weeks after the campaign is over.
* * *
ESKIMO COSTUMES WILL be thc correct attire for
June brides this season.
* * *
ONTARIO HAS DOUBLED thc price of marriage licenses.   This is carrying the single tax system to extremes.
EVEN  THE  SATURDAY
its week ends.
half-holiday  movement  has
SCORES OF THE boys in khaki had their baptism of
fire when they were called upon to perform guard duty
at Sunday night's conflagration. SATURDAY, JUNE 3, 19if.
THE   STANDARD
THREE
",:
OFFICE TO RENT
The accommodation and service that we arc giving is of the
hest. It is shown by the number of offices lhat have bun rented
during the past few mouths. There are still some lo be had which
we would be pleased lo show you by applying at the Rental Department.
North West Trust Company, Limited
509 RICHARDS STREET Phone Seymour 7467
B.C. BONDS FOR INVESTMENT
Investors  seeking safely  together  with  an attractive  interest
yield should investigate the merits of B. C. Municipal Bonds which
return  from 6 per  cent,  to  7  1-S per cent.    Their desirability is
shown by the demand for them.   Consult our Bond Dcpt., in person
fa     or by letter.
I Canadian Financiers Trust Company
Head Office:  839 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B.C.
PATRICK DONNELLY, General Manager.
i ���:..;:.  .:...,;.::.. l. : , nieiii
si;
iiaiiiiiiiiB
THE TELEPHONE
MAKES EVERYONE
YOUR NEIGHBOR
Where is your neighbor? p
m
m
Your neighbor is where the telephone is, whe-
m
ther in the next block or the next city.
P
No matter how close or how far away they     jj
may be, you hear their voice as plainly as if they
were in the same room with you.
Every telephone is a Inn*;' distance, telephone,    Three times lhe |S
day period for lhe regular charge botween 7 p.m. and s a.m.
"TRUNK
RAIL TICKETS TO ALL POINTS
General Agency Transatlantic Steamship Lines
C. E. Jcnncy, G. A. P. D.
Phone: Sey. 8134
W. G. Connolly, C. P. F. A.
527 Granville Street
THE VERNON FEED CO.
MOUNT  PLEASANT,  COLLINGWOOD and SO. VANCOUVER
DEALERS IN
Poultry Supplies, Hay. Grain and Feed
CHICK FEED
LAWN SEED
FERTILIZER
SEED POTATOES
PHONES: Fairmont 186���878
DOG BISCUITS
CANARY SEED
PIGEON FEED
Fraser 175 and Collingwood 153
Classified Advertising
FLORISTS
BROWN BROS. & CO., LIMITED,
Seedsmen, Florists, Nurserymen, 48
Hastings St.  E., and 782 Granville
Street. Vancouver, B.  C.
WATCHMAKER
10,000 WATCHES and CLOCKS
wanted to clean and repair at the
factory, 438 RICHARDS STREET.
MONEY TO LOAN
MONEY LOANED, DIAMONDS,
Jewelry, etc. A quiet, respectable,
reliable place to borrow money.
Old gold bought. Established 1905.
Star Loan Co., 812 Hastings West.
STOVE   REPAIRS
DON'T    THROW     YOUR     OLD
Stove away.   We handle castings and
repairs to fit any stove  or range.���
FRANKS, 44 Water Street.
LEGAL NOTICES
MALCOLM,   SUMMERS   AND   FORD
LIMITED
TAKE NOTICK of the Intention of Malcolm, Summers antl Ford Limited to apnly
to thc Registrar of Joint Stock Companies
for ^the change of the name of thc Company
to   "Summers   and   Ford   Limited."
Dated at Vancouver, tllis 8th day of April,
A.  D.  1916.
R. S. FORD, Secretary.
Mercantile Building, Vancouver, B.C.
SECURITY     FIREPROOF    STORAGE
MOVING  COMPANY  LIMITED
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that after
the expiration of one month's continuous publication of tllis Notice Hi thc British Columbia
Gazette and in the Vancouver Standard, the
above-named Security Fireproof Storage &
Moving Company Limited, whose registered
office is situate at Nn. 786 Iteatty Street, in
thc City of Vancouver. B.C., Intends lo
apply to the Registrar of Joint Stock Companies to change its name to, and adopt the
name of Campbell's Security Fireproof Storage
& Moving Company Limited.
DATED this 3rd day of May, A. D. 1916.
SENKLER & VAN HORNE,
Solicitors for the said Company.
IMPERIAL BANK OF CANADA
The Imperial Bank of Canada has
jusl closed ii- forty-first year of ex
istence, during which period it has
performed excellent service for Canadian business. During late'years ii
has taken a leading place in Canadian
!ianl<iiiK eireles, and was one "l" tlie
pioneer banks throughout the Canadian West.
Its strong position is attain indicated in tllat institution's financial state-
nicnt I'm' iln- past year. The total
liquid assets ai ihe end of the year
were $43,585,000, a gain over ?he previous year of $7,519,000, and of $9,-
000,000 above 1914. The value of Dominion and Provincial Government securities increased from $666,11(10 in
1915 tn $4,920,000 at the end ..f the fiscal year. Canadian municipal securities and British and foreign ami colonial public securities increased from
$1,070,000 to $4,947,000. There was
a contraction iu the bonds and stocks
held by tlie bank. The net result was
an increase in holdings of all classes
oi' securities from $2,664,000 in 1915 to
$10,751,000 in 1916. Commercial loans
in Canada were reduced hy $1,500,000
to $34,646,000, owing to prevailing
conditions.
Although the profits lor the year,
amounting to $1,003,000, were $2K,(K::;
below last year, still ihey were equal
to 6.68 per cent, nn the combined cap-
ital, reserve and profit and loss account. Dividends amounting to $840,-
000 were paid, and, alter making
Krauts to patriotic and pension funds
and paying tuxes, the sum of $1,089,-
111,0 was earried forward, a substantial
balance, which compares with $1,-
012,989 in the previous year. N'o allowance was made for depreciation in
securities and no further amount was
written off hank premises. In the
preceding two years, however, the Imperial Bank appropriated $724,0(10 for
those purposes. An additional reason for this policy during the past
year was the fact that security values
in recent months have substantially
appreciated.
CANADIAN AND RAILROAD
CREDIT
The recent loans of eight and fifteen millions to the Grand Trunk Pacific and Canadian Northern respectively, by the Federal Government,
have called forth many opinions as
to lhe affect ou Canada's national
credit, and llie probable solution of
the whole railroad problem, Our
readers will he interested in the opinion of ihe MONETARY TIMES,
Canada's leading financial journal, ou
lhe above subject, which is given herewith:
"In considering the railroad situation, we should not allow ourselves
to he deceived as to the standing of
railroad credit. One might gather almost from various utterances that llie
present railway position has been
reached without the knowledge of investors abroad. As a matter of fact,
the British investor and banking house
have been generally better posted as
to the course of railroad finance than
has been the average man on the
spot. Sir Thomas White stated in
(he House of Commons last week that
lie believed 'the collapse of the two
railway systems iu question (the Canadian Northern and the Grand Trunk
Pacific I with the involvement of the
Grand Trunk, would have a most disastrous effect upon our entire credit.
I'ederal, provincial, municipal and industrial.' But the facts indicate that
the two railway systems in question,
despite the injection of continuous
government aid, have already collapsed. It is only by means of the $23,-
000,000 of loans just granted by the
nation to these railroads, that they
are being propped up and kept going.
"The two railroad systems as such,
are in a more or less hopeless position. The government is the saving
factor. Sir Thomas White said last
week: 'I think that any financial man
looking at the statement placed on
the tabic, will sec that at least a sum
of $15,000,000 will be needed to finance the company and enable it to
carry on its business as a going concern during thc coming year.' The
Grand Trunk Pacific Railway is not
earning any portion of its fixed charges, and there is a large deficit on its
operating account. The explanation
of the position of the two companies
as given by Sir Thomas White last
week, shows clearly that thc railroad
companies are now dependent upon
thc government to prevent disaster.
All the harm that could have been
done to Canadian credit, by this position,  bas  probably  been   done.    The
Canadian Northern lias defaulted in
tin- payment of interest on certain of
ii- securities and the Grand Trunk
Company admit, in an official letter,
lhat while the first Grand Trunk Pacific payment for interest became due
on March 1st, 'there is no prospect of
our being able to meet that payment.'
Whin, therefore, Mr. Alfred W. Smi-
thers, chairman of the Grand Trunk,
in his famous letter, describes the railway situation in Canada as a serious
one and adds lhal any default on the
part of th,- Grand Trunk Pacific Railway, 'might lead P. grave consequences .is to the general financial posi-
lion in Canada,' he overlooks altogether ihe harm which has already been
done P. ihc same general financial
position by the fact lhat the ('.rand
Trunk has defaulted on Grand Trunk
Pacific interest payments which it
guaranteed.
"The whole question .>f credit is
being twisted far too much to suit
special arguments. The facts are
that the Canadian Northern and the
Grand Trunk Pacific are in serious
financial -difficulties. The Canadian
Northern and the Grand Trunk desire
to hand over, practically insists in
handing over, lhe Grand 'Trunk Pacific line to the government. The government is so much tied up with the
Canadian Northern ami lhe Grand
Trunk Pacific, through cash loan-,
bond guarantees, construction work of
the Transcontinental, and ownership
of Canadian Northern stock, that it is
imperative the government should
come again to the assistance of the
roads concerned. This has now been
done temporarily by loans. Shortly,
a permanent solution must bc  found.
"Slimmed up, therefore, it is Canadian Northern and Grand Trunk credit
which is below par. Canadian national credit is high. The world's money
markets recognize that Canada partly
owns, must support, and soon may
altogether own, these two railroads.
Pious ejaculations as lo the preservation of the credit of thc two railroads arc, therefore, a little out of
place."
* * *
CANADIAN TRADE STILL
INCREASING
Canada's trade for April totalled
$106,585,334, as compared wiih $65,-
221,031 for April, 1915. The increases
are shown in both exports anil imports. Merchandise entered lor consumption amounted to $50,147,830, as
compared with $28,391,640. These imports show a substantial increase in
lhe free lisl as well a> in dutiable
goods, tin- fret imports increasing
from $11,776,319 io $21,218,746.
The grand total of imports, including coin bullion, amounted to $50,-
612,619, compared with $28,963,756.
Exports of foreign and domestic
goods amounted to $55,372,720, as
compared with $36,257,275 in the corresponding month of the last fiscal
year. Exports of manufactured products increased from $13,221,658 to
$21,573,0/S, and agricultural exports
[from $6,618,443 to $21,305,977. Mineral exports increased from $2,975,002
to $3,690,744, and forest exports fr iu
$1,929,440 to $2,287,939.
Another large increase is shown under animals and tlieir produce, exports of which amounted in April.
1915, to $3,312,498, but which amounted in April of this year to $5,112,105.
Jingle Pot
coal
Always Mined by Union
White Labor
Coast Lumber & Fuel Co., Ltd.
Phone Fair. 2500    Phone High. 226    Phone Fraser 41
PANTAGES THEATRE
Building up its six acts to a strong
climax in Webber's Juvenile Mclody-
phiends, next week's Pantages programme again is far above the average. The Webber act, like the old
Pianophiends, is a fast concerted-
music affair. The performers are
girls and boys, and they use banjos,
mandolins, guitars, violins and xylophone and piano.
They go rapidly through melodic
things like "A Perfect Day" and the
colorful "Mill in Ihe Forest." It is
a fine instrumental turn.
Harry Jolson is getting to bc almost Al of Winter garden fame. He
has a good voice like his brother, and
he can make up just as black and smile
just as widely.
The Sully Family, well known to
Pantages' patrons, is an example of a
real act ��� five clever persons who
dance disgustingly well and keep the
laughs going strongly in a perfectly-
staged skit.
Hanlon & Hanlon are good acrobats. Fiddcs & Swainc are singers
and Butler Haviland gets much fun
out of his turn  with Alice Thornton.
Illlllllj     '      ���      '
:"!'a,��ira
Northern Securities Limited
Established 1906
529 PENDER STREET WEST
FINANCIAL AGENTS.
NOTARY  PUBLIC
Seymour 1574    Ij
ESTATE MANAGERS   |
|   FIRE INSURANCE
| We can cover your risk in sound and reliable British
and American companies
    PROMPT   ADJUSTMENTS   	
B. GEO. HANSULD
Manager
MHHBHBBHMHBH**1 .iiiiilSglllliJIIIliillllllilllllllll
MR. MURRAY HAS NARROW i
ESCAPE IN AUTO ACCIDENT 1
Driver   of   Machine   is   Killed   when
Auto Overturns Into River
Mr. George M. Murray, editor of
the STANDARD, who is on a business trip back East, had the misfortune to be involved iu a serious automobile accident this week. The driver of tlie machine was drowned ami
only by gooil luck and presence of
mind was Mr. Murray enabled to gel
clear of the wreck. The following
Canadian Press Association telegram
is self-explanatory:
"W Istock, Out., May 31.���When
thc auto which he was driving on his
return journey from Tavistock to this
city got out ol" control and leaped the
parapet   of   the   bridge     over     Mini
Branch   Creek,     five   miles   west     of
W Istock. Joseph  G.  Clifton, a liveryman, was drowned, but a companion, George M. Murray, a newspaper
man  here on a holiday from  Vancouver,   escaped   uninjured.       When   the I
car came into contact  with  the abut
nieiii -if ihe bridge it turned a somer-
saull   and   plunged  ten   feci   into  pie;
water   below,   pinning   both   men   nu-j
der ihe car.    Willi remarkable agility
ami  presence  of  mind.   Mr.   Murray,
wiio is a good swimmer, dived under |
the car and got to safety."
.  Phil   May
Tlic presence of Mr. Bengough in
town makes one regret that he is not
more often amongst us. How clever-
caricaturists likt Harry Furniss and
Phil Maj would have revelled itr the
cosmopolitan life of this city. 1 knew
Phil May, lie was one of the men 1
shook bands wilh just before I left
ihc "hi country, and the news of his
death came as a shock when I heard
it. I am writing to ask this question:
who i- tin. gentleman iu Vancouver
who has a number of Phil May's pictures?    1   should  like to  -ii   them.
PETER PICKUP.
LEAVES FOR THE  FRONT
Mr.  Foster   Parker, junior  clerk  of
the  well-known  insurance  firm  of  A.!
S   Mathew & Co., was yesterday pre-1
sented with a handsome silver cigarette case oil  the occasion of ' i-  having with tlie 3rd section, 4th Divisional
Ammunition   Column,  GStli   Battalii
Canadian   Field Artillery.
PHONE: 8EY. 900
MacDONALD &  HAY
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.
1012 Standard Bank Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.
^1
TREWHCILA GRUBBERSj
Phone Seymour 9086
SOMETHING
YOU NEED
for the safety of your valuables
and Documents.
A  Private  Box
in our  Safety Vault.
$2.50 Per Annum
DOW FRASER
TRUST CO.
122  HASTINGS STREET W.
$150 CASH
Through their representative
going to the War, the famous
Australian firm of Trewbellas
want to immediately quit 6
(SIX)  of their world-renowned
Tree and Stump Grubbers
THEY WILL  TAKE
$150   EACH   CASH
for the full equipment, which
was selling at $200 before the
big rise in materials. Otherwise���we are instructed to return them to Australia if NOT
SOLD WITHIN 60 DAYS.
THIS IS A VALUABLE
OPPORTUNITY for anyone
wanting the world's best clearing machinery.
Send CASH $150 and Order
Now to
The Campbell
Storage Co., Ltd.
857   BEATTY   STREET
VANCOUVER, B. C.
E,l��l.lr.l.-.l   IS1)*
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CENTER  ��   HANNA   1.1
MIT ED
N�����   Ln'.lion.   1041 Graji.  Si,,-,-,
Y  M  C. A.
Fire-prod Columh.ii.im  <r..| Rr.m.
Oi���.��� D��v .ml Nnhi ���
THE   STANDARD
^HH^^^IH^^^IH
of the people is  awake.    For  years lie affairs.   The call ol a higher pat-1
they   have   been   chloroformed   by   .1 ��� I                 rea  hed   their hearts  and;
Isham prosperity, and in  li:'-  ha-ii   !<��� tlaghiatioi  >, a:'1 thej  an
gel hold "i material things cunscien disgusted ivith the narrow-
; became   torpid.     But   the   inevitable the hypocrisy, the pctfj pat"'-'
collapse of "boom" conditions brou outlook   and   the   grovelling     in-
a reaction and as the traged}  of the Btiucts of the  machine  politicians of
war was brought poignantly I.nine to | both  parties,     \s has been  well said
thousands of firesides, and the ph c of our own jorunalists, "Can
of  poverty   was   fell    bj     thousands  ada in its present 111 1 would willing-
more, llie dornianl  conscience began 11} place lh - ���   t ho are guiltj ui graft
to stir    The crash ������!  lhe  Dominion in  connection  with  war contracts  a
Trust waked many lu the  falsity and gainst a  wall and  shoot them."    The
\ great leader ol Christian thou il
in London has said, "In England, at
least, no man has an excuse ior abstaining from public life' on lhe
ground thai il 1- sordid! every one
ha- a reason for interest in it in order
in   maintain   it-   .meat   traditi n -
Were he in -ay iln  same ui Canada
today he would he met with a stoi ti
of ridicule.    The "traditions" of i"'li
I   lift   in  ih,'   Dominion  arc  besi
itti a:  while the sordid character
i i ;u esenl daj  politics 11'" 'can i"
;    -   11   nol irious thai decern men
almost  loath*    1-' in - ii      \mi-.i
tions ul graft ami corruption, revelations oi' public plunder, ami "investi
gations" that stretch across the continent have become su common and
��� onstant thai thc mind ul f;,,- pin,lii
has almost b>-i the capacity of bei
either startled or shocked. I'm tin
condition - are nol c nfiued 1 1 I lomin-
ion politics. They spread through all
public life, provincial and municipal,
ami null-- some drastic remedy is
applied In check ami c mquer lhe dis-
' .r-i. Canada a- a nation will go under Many go n citizens hoped that
Ihc (raged} 1
pile   is  cliLiafl	
a sobering, but a purifying effect <^'.
our political life,* but il seems a- it
il i: Empire's extremity had become,
11 a gigantic scab-, tin- grafter's opportunity, anil lhal our heroic men are
throwing away their lives in defence
uf a country lhat is simply a happy
hunting ground ior ihe political adventurer���a "h llcr's" paradise.
bolli.wue
much ui" our business
e   grovelling   methods  and   studied ||-fc   u|,n,. .i,,. plunder oi our natural
misrepresentations apparent in must
ui' their editorial columns, line unnv-
weary 01' the constant recriminations
ami abuse from Ihc pens of linn who
prostitute   their   brains   and   degrade
temper of iln- majority of British Columbians i- much tin' ..!'"���. ami i| applies pr grafl connected nol only '.villi
contracts   affecting   the   men   ai    iln
resources and exploitation of nur pei
pie   has   become   more   ami   more  at
parent,   revealing   the   incompetency  front, Inn al-.. their wives and chil-
and dishonesty ol  many  ui   those  inldrcn and neighbors al  home.
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^_^_.positions  >.f  ivnsl   and   power.     I'.v  a
their  profess,on  ...  ihe  level  of  the I succ���aion  ���  ,.,���,, shock8 ���H, ,,uMi,.   Detestation of "The Machine"
conscience has liven at last aroused,] N'othing is more apparent in the
and today ihe mass of our people arc 1 present conditions than iln- supreme
ready in make a nummary end uf cur disgu : ol ihc people with "mac! ii 1 "
ruption wherever il appears. They arc methods anil tactics, ll affects all
-irk and tired uf the system uf hocus- cl - ���. - roll tin manufacturer or
pocus by which they have been -\-- dealer whosi ware-, an- boycotted bc-
iciuatically fooled in ihe name of cause he docs not allow "rake-offs" on
government;  ihey  are   weary  of  iln.   each purchase, to the starving laborer
party "heeler" at the bidding of the
power behind their chair. The net
result of tllis so-called journalism is
simply thai the rabidly partisan press
succeeds in grossly deceiving the
bulk 1.1' its own supporters and makes
them pay for ihe deception. Fortunate!} il seems as if this kind ..I" 11111114
had aboul reached ils limit, and patriotic Canadians are getting heartily
-nl, ..i ihc whole vrctchc.'. brsincss.
Tlic boughf-and-paid-for press is already beginning to fail in securing efficient results���witness the Vancouver
ami  Victoria byc-elcctions.
Degradation  of  Citizenship
Another must serious feature oi
present conditions in li. C. publics is
ihe degradation of Canadian citizenship ��� or rather the low estimate
placed by the average man upon such
SAFEST CLEANEST
PLEASANTEST QUICKEST
way is by means oi the
OBSERVATION CAR
Leaves Robson and Granville  Streets daily at
10 a.m., 2 and 4 p.m.. making two-hour tour of city for
25 cents
 Passes all points of interest ������
constant recriminations 01 party heel-  who is denied the privilege of digging 1 teffltg,     vv|)j,    u.,R.n   5Q   many  t.|u,W|     Men who can stand In i.r.   a .1.
ers; ihey have no inure use fur those j ill ll..' ditch because  he dares  In  - ���'n , ,-,,,-,-,,,,,    was  rampant   from  poll  1.
who   arc   bleeding   their   country   for   his conscience bis own and stay oul
r in which our Em-1 citizonship. At the Social Service
' une. not only | Congress iu Ottawa, a couple ..f years
since, une speaker recounted a conversation wiih an intelligent foreigner,
a highly-educated Greek, in which he
remarked to Ibis Greek, "Of course
you have your naturalization papers?"
Flic man laughed and said, "My naturalization papers? Xo!" "Why?
Don't you want some voice in thc government oi lhe country?" Anil again
he laughed as sarcastically as a man
could possibly laugh and replied,
"Have a v..ice in lhe government of
the country? Why. ynu people don't
put ;ui}' value in citizenship in your
country. There is no use in my being
naturalized, Just before election you
will go and naturalize 400 or 500 iu a
lump, and they will vote for the man
win. ijive.s them the most whiskey."
He have been familiar with the truth
uf thai Statement for years all over
this Dominion, bul in B. C. today we
have taken a farther step in depreciation uf lhe value ul" Canadian citizenship. Take as an excellent case in
point the present investigation at Victoria into the alleged "plugging" operations in the Vancouver election.
In that election the people of this city
showed their confidence in one of
iheir fellow citizens ami their estimate ol" his ability by returning him at
lhe head of tlie poll by an Uliprcce-
Icnted majority, What do we find
today? It seems as il" a certain sec-
iii.n uf llie community are quite willing in accept the testimony uf three
u' font self-confessed jail-birds that
ihis citizen is utterly unworthy of the
.'onfidence placed in him by his fellows, and has been guilty oi sharing
11 thc luwcsi political crimes. In other words, our Canadian citizenship has
link su low lhal thc word of a few
aliens with prison records who
seem willing tu swear anything for a few dollars; is considered
sufficient to blacken lhe reputation
ami damn lhe career ..I" citizens hitherto thoroughly reputable and above
reproach, X.. man, whatever his
standing nr previous integrity, whether he aspire to public service iu municipality, provincial or federal parliament, seems to be safe from ihe low
spreading fumes uf the deadly ^ases
��� 1 insinuation ami misrepresentation.
If lu- dare in criticise ur expose the
corrupt practices of the parasites in
the party that opposes him. that is
enough; every instrument of corruption, every weapon nf malice is turned
against him. Xu wonder our best citizenship has sn largely refrained from
undertaking the responsibilities of
public life It is only men nf utmost
courage and deepest sense of duty
win. will face the present conditions in
politics, il the)' have any reputation
In  lose    Truly,   the  educated   Creek
Corruption in B. C.
Thai British Columbia is no better
than other parts of Canada in this respect is well-kiiuwn; many assert, and
many more believe, that if only lhe
lid cotijd be squarely lifted a much
worse condition of things would be
revealed here than anywhere else in
lhe Dominion. Hut in spile of the
fact thai lhe powerful machine that
ha.- squelched all opposition and run
everything in ils ..wu interests in the
past, is working desperately to keep
ihc lid securely rivetted down, enough
i.i. been dragged to light during the
pasi year to convince ihe majority
that "there i- something rotten in the
state "f I K nmark." In fad the people
arc   beginning    lu   realise   it   is   high
time ii"- garbage pail was overturned
ami the whole rottenness exposed, li
is unnecessary to recount here the
evidence alrcadj before the ptiblii
which shows how the public lands
have been seized by ihc speculator 1.
lhe gross injury of the bona-fide set-
iI.t, ami how ihe fraudulent circular!
ami map- "i the governmeni sought
lo .',... ei- up (1 , , s i,ci of Ihis robber*
...' ihc people; ur the squandering nl
iln- linili-'i' ami coal resources of iln
province in ihc same interests; ur lh.
fleecing of tin- public by' bogus companies and illegal a.'linn of fiiuincia
concerns like the Dominion Trust
or ihe bind ��� r.. .. our people by a
spendthrift railv 1; poli ������ that was
a gigantic politi a! iribi to the r\vc-
1 .Vaic and vhii h has already begun to
draw ,ts hundreds uf thousands annually from iln- public pur.-. . These
are now a.- ivell-kiiowii as 'die cattle
.leal.-, coal-stock holdings ami oyster-
cultures oi certain cabinet members
ami the methods l.\ which our former
premier escaped from ihc coming de
lull- 1 ��� il e distant security oi London am'. 515,000 per year "i  thi   pea
pie's money. Bul these arc tin things
lhal have ruined lii.' credil ..! Britisl
Columbia throughout 'be Empire fur
years in come, am! brought annul the
desperati conditions and bankruptcy
ot the present hour. \nd ihc onlj
hope fur a return of confidence in tbe
country ami a restorati m of prosperity is lhal the people -ball realise lhe
true stale uf affairs and will: a liip.li
hand ami an outstretched arm hurl
those responsible for such conditions
inn. political objivion This is ah-
- .llilcl} essential as i!.< firsl step
toward progress in  British Columbia. |
I n considering present political conditions in nur province there arc scleral features lhat stand "Ul prominently���some extremely discouraging
and some very encouraging.
Despicable Tactics of Party Press
One nf the most depressing and exasperating features ^i public life al
llie present moment is ihe utter de-'
gradation of lhe partisan press. If
ever there was such a thing as "free- |
dom of the press" in British Columbia
it is today only a vague tradition covered with ridicule. The contemptible
tactics that arc adopted to discredit
Opponents, tbe distortion of news, the
cheap insinuations and deliberate until 111. - manufactured out of whole
���loth tliat stain the pages of many of
our newspapers arc only equalled by
g��gue
pull, did nobody make aii hones! ef-I     And damn his treacherous flatteries
ion I., stop ii?   Why immunity? Why without winking,
warrants?   Why lawyers on one side?      Tall   men,   sun-crowned,   wlm   live
Why   cone   on   the     othei Why!
Why?"        These   are   some   uf
lhe questions asked by those who arc
not utterly wear} of ihc whrdc thing.
Bill what the people oi British Columbia want t" know, and have a right
in know, when any investigation into
public affairs is necessary, is. "Wlm
is responsible for the wrongdoing if
there is any?" The} want tu know thc
truth and lhe whole truth, and ihey
can he. trusted to deal with the guilt}
parties whatever may be tlieir political
Stripe, They arc read)' In flint; loth
parties im ihe scrap-heap it only the}
are convinced ii is necessary. Machine methods and tactics have, about
had their day. ami wue betide tin
parly lhal is Inn blind to see it, nut?
the avalanche uf public indignatioi
crashes upon  il.
Character tbe Greatest Need
The greatest, most urgent need ol
the present hoiti in British Columbia1!
public   life   is   character.
above the fog,
In public duty ami iu private thinking.
I'm     while    Ihc    rabble    with       their
thumb-worn creeds.
Their   large   professions- am!   their
linlc deeds,
Mingle in selfish style, lo! freedom
weeps,
Wrong rules lhe world and waiting
justice  sleeps.
CYCLING AND  FISHING
lluu!,lies., iln- ..in- thing must pro-
minenl iu lhe mind ol the person
about i" buy a bicycle is thc thought
of lh.' pleasure In- will gel from rid
inn, tire machine, lie hears sounding
.in- sediu live call of 1! c mad ami expend: r. in imagination ihe joy uf
.' rvcrmg tlic call. Tl ere i- 1 crtait)-
v a .a-i amount of pleasure in be derived  from  cycle  riding, but  tile chap
more important-toda} than platform: j wh" Hmits himsell  mere!}
Hinliinii' O'lliil-iiiiin. wile of Colonel O'lluriiinn. Hie well-known Irish m,Idler who
Iiiin nerved lhe Umpire for ll.' .vriirs. Slie In Ih Cniindn in llie InierCNtN ol' llie
Mlliliiry  ll.iNiiiluls In l.'ranee.
their own personal profit than they
have for any other criminal, and they
are longing for some real leaders who
would lead ihem out of the filthy
quagmire  of machine  publics.
Heart of the People Sound
Frequently we have been told in
lhe past year ur two by able and
honest observers lhat the situation
was really hopeless, thai there was
practically no conscience lefl in llie
community. But some of us have
stoutly refused lu believe il. We have
held that thc heart of the people was
sound, though their brain may have
been sorely bewildered, ami all tllat
they needed lo clean things up was
to be convinced of lhe actual 'conditions, tn know the fads and to understand where the responsibility lay.
So also we have repeatedly beard
that popular half-truth, which machine politicians arc so interested in
proclaiming, that political conditions
are simply what lhe people make
them, and that lhe electorate is no
better than the man wlm rcpresenl it
Bul in say ibai political conditions
depend entirely on Ihc character uf
thc electors, and imt 011 the kind of
political machinery by which they are
controlled, is distinctly untrue. All
through human history there is tllc
closest connection between individual
character and social institutions, each
acting and reacting upon the other:.
A good school turns nut good scholars. A pure church trains noble
Christians, And a corrupt political
machine  can   corrupl   those   win  arc
side the political organisation, "Splendor sine occasti"���Glory without decline! What a beautiful motto for ibis
richest of countries where a man and
his wile and children may starve or
go in the devil unless lie can produce
his card oi membership in a political
club! Hut the iron has entered the
soul of thousands of working men,
am! the da} ... retribution is nol far
distant. I'oliiical "sabotage" ai the
hands of those win. .slave,for ii will
yet wreck the machine lhal crushes
tlieir  liberties.    The  Juggernaut   *ar-|
Platforms that look beautifully souni
and well-proportioned before elec
tions can develop surprising nhlicrut-
lies and many knot-holes afterwards
The he,I plall'nnn may have lu I 1
seriously altered l.y unforsceii exi
gencics ami suMdcn emergencies, Bin
the hed rock of human character am
righteous principle remains secure under every strain. Get thoroughly lip-
right am! aide men into our lcgisla
tures and lhe curse nf corruption will
disappear from public life I nfor-
tut'.nlt'ly our best men ,have mostl}
held aloof in the past, and the -elf
seeker and Ihc rubber stamp ami the
corporation-tool have crowded offices
which ihey have used tu lhe grievous
injur}' of ihc whole community, while
utterly unscrupulous leaders have Con
trolled lhe country ami ils resources
in iheir own interests, am! blinded the
public wiih all Hie tricks ol political
legerdemain. If cither party in British
Columbia  today'were in break away
will yel be ditched, and ihc hands ii
lias bruised will Ihrusl hard as il overturns,
! i'r. .ill   ci
nl   .'.clil
fciicd mc full confidence of iln- best
people, replacing liictn by men ol
even average ability bin proven integrity, there is no question whatever
bul that parly would sweep lhe country at ihc next election
win, refused to apply for naturaliza- unfortunate enough to be under u-
tion iu Canada had smne reason for control. Thai whole constituencies
his position and also fur his sarcasm. I';l'*' be<-h*��ysteuiatically debauched
I',..,!, thank God! the glimmer of with their own money is no mystery
the dawn begins to show. Tlie blood | in Canadian publics, ll '8-a gre
and sacrifice of Europe's battlefields
are not without their reward even in
nur home affairs. The brutality of
the 11 ti 11 afar is rousing some of us
lo appreciate the methods of the Hun
at home, and lhe day is not far distant when the outraged sense of decency of the mass of our people shall
mete out stern justice to the currup-
lionists and parasites of both parties.
Public  Conscience Awake
There are at last clear signs of the
dawn of a new day. The present state
of public life, black as it is, is not
one of utter and unrelieved darkness.
Foremost amongst the encouraging
signs  is the fart that the  conscience
What the People  Want to  Know
Never was this disgust more evident on the part of all thinking peo-
pje than ai ihe present moment, li
approaches in nausea.   They have had
a surfed uf l.,a.led committees, while I People want Leaders
washing reports, ami investigations This is what lhe people w.u
t|ial do mil investigate, From ocean they arc heartily sick ..1 mac1'
to ocean thc wearisome process re-.lines ami shibboleths ami partisai
I'eats itself.- li mailers little what platforms, they an- ready lo foi
label is pastel ou ihe machine. The low ImiH'si patriolh leaders to (In
unlv hope in man} minds is thai sure-1 lasi ditch; i" nice them tin ��� . . ���:
ly wc have abnosi reached iln- Imt- j loyali} and.support,-and ki p then ii
torn ol the morass. Again lake thctpgwer uniil tllis province lias indeed
So-called "plugging investigation" atjbccdriie the home nf freedom ami h Hi-
far-famed Victoria as an instance, and or and righteousness, a country wor-
what  arc  1 pic  asking each  other? j u,v ,,f the besi traditions uf ihe creat
The  form uf it   may vary, but among I ]��n*pirc   whose   name   il   bears.     Our
sane  men  the  paramounl  question  is j ,���,.��� 'and  women  are  ready  today  l..
ilv.ays   ihc   same,   "Whal   is. (he   pur-
10.se  uf  this  investigation?    Is  ii   to
five their lives and lhe lives uf their
inns fur Ihc country.    Many have al
bed mi the people of Manitoba lo assert that they were no better than lhe
gang of thieves and grafters who dominated the public life of tliat province for years. So long as lhe majority of thc people were kept in the
dark, so long did the evil continue,,'r|le mjnc] already made up mi the
but once the people got hold ol thel whole question can find abundant eyi-
facts, once they were convinced of 'deuce to confirm its conclusions. But
the appalling corruption, then the axe what decent men arc asking each nth-
Of their vengeance fell. If I sense \eT about lhe whole sorry spectacle is.
the spiril of the people ul British "Whom ean we believe?' Men wilh
Columbia today at all correctly, theyJ formerly good reputations, or men
are about at the end of their patience j .v;t|, ,;,,,;i, whatever? Why were dqeu-
with  mere  party  politics.    They  are j ments   that   would   have   settled   the
investigate, to get at all llie facts and I ready made ibis supreme sacrifice, ami
lay the truth before the public? Or is |j��� doing so they have calTghl some
il simply a desperate attempt uf a glimpse uf a higher patriotism and a
decadent parly In damn the chances nf I loftier ideal. But ihey long In feel the
its opponents l.\ blackening their Isacrifice has not been in vain, that the
character  on   ihc   eve  of  a   political | country   for   which   they   have   given
all shall for all time In come he wor-
coiltest? Men win. want lo believe
one sid.e or the other can take their
choice  of ihe evidence, as the  weary
thy  "f  the gift.    They  turn   fruin  ihc
evil,   discouraging   conditions   of   tbe
ready and willing tn wipe ..1:1 any and
every party that is guilty of corrupt
practices or maladministration of pub-
���procestiuu 0f foreign jail-birds, stir j present hour toward the new, day, and
loon-men, political touts,' and legist- ns ,|���.v lift their faces in the light of
lators contradict each other and e_x-|tne ncw dawn they silently pray
hibit   their   powers   of   forgctfulres      ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
"God give us nun.    A time like tllis
demands
Strong minds, great hearts. Irue
faith and ready bands.
Men whom the iusl of lucre does
nut kill.
Men whom lhe spoils nf office cannol  buy.
Men who possess opinions and a
will.
Men whn have honor, men whn will
not lie.
question beyond a doubl ���-<. carelessly
destroyed?     Why     these     wonderful
lapses   ol"   memory   as   to   their   c.-n-
lur lhe Inn he Kc|s oul ..I" his '.i.iiii-
inc is niissiiiH much more llllin he
gets.
I am very fond oi fishing.   Mosl c\
crybody likes to fish and very likely
ihc reason why more men do not tlc-
.ote   tlieir   leisure   in   this  absorbing
sport is because, iu many pans qf lhe
"iiniry al least, good fishing is mn
hard a thing 1.1 locate. As a usual
proposition yon cannol find decent
fishing anywhere close In dense centres ul" population; am! if a lake or'
itrcani is easily reached by train or
by car,  it  is sunn  fished  1.. death,
II comes down aboul In this; 1.. gel
gimd angling you've cither got tn tra-
. cl a long disiauci. or yiiu't c go( lu
travel by sonic means ..i c nvcyance
not open tu iln- general public; Bonie-
limcs you'i c got  In do both.
Supi use there i- a fine trout stream
- une twenty five miles away, .mc thai
cannul be reached by rail. Ymi and a
fried go oul there two or three times
a season, possibly oftener, A hired
conveyance would eost money. Figure up a lew trips am! -c chat.il
���nsis. I.uuk what, a bicycle would.
Bave you. Then again, take the question of lime. The twenty five miles'
trip by rig w. uld lake between three
and four hours and tiiere is flolhing
so tiresome when a fello.vi is iu a
hurry m gel fishing a- sitting- waiting in ni 1 there!
The speed nf ihc cycle makes il
ossible fur thc man who ha- in jro
iirlv 10 work In gel iu an lo.tr or
two ul spoil. Suppose he yearns to
do a little fishing, bul has no chance
I., lake a day ui- half day off. lie can
retire early, after selling the alarm
clock, have hiimc at 4 a.m. and be
busy with bis tackle ball an hour later. Two hours of fishing ought tn
be ehought,  leaving our cyclist  time
lo gel Inline by seven: and he will
be all the in.in- efficient at his day's
work fur the little breath ol" outdoors.
Pbonc Highland 137
Grandview  Hospital
1090 VICTORIA DRIVE
VANCOUVER     -     B.C.
Medical : Surgical   : Maternity
Rates   from   $15.00   per  week'
RENNIE^ SEEDS
HEADQUARTERS FOR SEEDS, PLANTS,
BULBS AND SHRUBS
SEYMOUR 8550
Wm  RENNIE Co., Limited
.1138 HQMER $T.   --   VANCOUVER
1 SATURDAY. JUNE 3, 1916
THE  STANDARD
1-lVE
Vancouver Women's Work
Mrs. Pankhurst on Patriotic Tour
Considerable interest is being manifested throughout the city in the approaching visit of Mrs. Pankhurst, on
the evening of June 8th. Mrs. I'auk-
hurst is beginning a tour of Canada in
the interests of recruiting and of patriotic work generally. Her previous
tour last fall in the interests of Serbian relief did not reach as far as the
Pacific coast. Mrs. I'ankhurst's meeting here is expected to bc a notable
event. The arrangements are in the
hands of the Pioneer Political Equali-
| ty League.
frequently seen in green linen, with
applique pink roses cut from cretonne.
Thc smock in practical materials is
used more than ever for sports.
Potpourri
A simple and easily made recipe
for potpourri is as follows: Gather
tbe rose petals when tbe dew has left
them and pack in a jar two inches
deep, sprinkling about two tablespoonfuls of fine dry salt upon each
layer.
It should be kept in a cool, dry
place, and the week follow ing it
should be turned out o na broad platter and mixed with the accompanying
formula: violet powder, one
orris-root,   one   ounce
the saucepan, and stir over the fire
until it thickens. Do nol let it boil,
or it will curdle. Strain int.. custard
cups and serve cold.
Garnish with whipped cream and a
tablespoonful of grape or currant jelly and almond nuts. This makes a
dessert that is both highly nutritious,
very inexpensive, and also dainty, attractive and wholesome. Furthermore,
it is very suitable fur individual por-
tions.
r Suffrage Meeting at Jardine
A   very   interesting   meeting     took
I   place  on  Monday,  May 29th,  al  Jar-
I dine,   when   Mrs.  J.   II.   MacGill���the
I author  of  tbe  booklet  on   laws,   en-j
r��   titled,  "Daughters,  Wives and   Moth-
..> ers"���spoke   on   the   subject   of   laws
affecting women and children in  I'.rit-
. .  ,. ,     ..       ...      . . ... . I drops;   ml  niehssene,   twentv
���   lsh Columbia.    After detailing some of I   .. '        . ,
the   injustices   of   these   laws,   which
I have been in force since the time
when Sir James Douglas proclaimed
that the laws then iu force in Creat
llritain should now bc considered lawin the new province of B, C. Mrs.
MacGill proceeded to point out that
Nluring all these years, in spite of the
A repeated',  petitions   of   women,   only
W minor changes had been  made.    She
I showed   how   the   direct   influence   of
I  women through the power of the bal-
I lat was the only force  thai   could  in-
[ duce our representatives to pay seri-
b mis  attention  tu  their  demands,     lu
I conclusion, Mrs.  MacGill  pointed out
w that   the   Woman   Suffrage   Refercn-
B diim   which   was  being  place.1,   before
I  the voters at thc coming general elec-
*.-   tion was not a concession tu woman
g suffrage, bul  an embarrassment. The
f, time was inopportune fur a fa\ .ruble.
I  vote.    The  liquor  interests were  well
*? organized and  would  vote  against  it. I
a The vote being taken at the lime of
I  an election, the suffrage bill would be I
'  regarded   as  a   mailer  oi  part}'   poli-
I   tics  and   would   sn  lose   many   V'dcs.
I Man\- considerations militated against
'its passage, and ils failure would mean
Cheese Ramekins
Use two tablespoonfuls of grated
cheese, one tablespoonful of butter,
two tablespoonfuls of bread-crumbs,
four tablespoonfuls of milk, one-
fourth teaspoonful of salt, one-eighth
teaspoonful ol" pepper, one egg. Moil
the crumbs in the milk until soft, and
add the butter, mustard, salt, pepper
and cheese and the yolk of the egg.
When all arc well mixed, stir in the
mice; \ white  of  the  egg,   beaten   to  a  stiff
Put   the   mixture     in     china
cause "1 w.
kcr declare
lestion was
a serious setback to tin
man  suffrage.    The sp
thai the referendum inl	
political ruse tu throw the question
of woman suffrage int.. a bad pi sitioll,
while 'at the same time giving the impression���a false impression���of doing something for its furtherance, and
so winning back some uf the sympathy and support of women, which
tbe government had lust iu the past.
"The curse of the politician," the
Speaker declared, "bas descended upon' us."
Hearty thanks were expressed to
Mrs. MacGill at the close oi the meeting for the lucid and thoughtful address.
+ * *
Fashion's Fancies
And what else has fashion given us,
do you ask? Ob, many things���for
fashion is a generous soul, as well as
an untiring one, and night and day
she thinks and thinks and works and
works to find us modes that are new,
interesting and beautiful. And June,
being a rare month has furnished her
rare inspiration.
Tunics arc more popular than ever
and appear in unusual shapes, with
round or pointed outlines, and soft
plaits, folds and draperies. Xew tunic skirts are draped at the hips in
pannier effect. One reason why the
tunic is so popular at present is that
it affords such an excellent opportunity for stripes to run in unconventional directions���for instance, around instead of up and down, and diagonally.
Striped materials arc unusually popular in dresses and skirts, combined,
of course, with plain materials.
This is a season of ruffles, and ruffles is a term that embraces everything from a Spanish flounce to a tiny
frill of lace. Skirts, blouses, dresses
and capes ��� all have their ruffles.
And speaking of capes, have you seen
the quaint long-shouldered capes and
cape-wraps in 1830 style, that are
made of taffeta and trimmed with ruffles that arc not hemmed, but raveled
to form a narrow fringe at the edges?
These make ideal wraps for evening
or afternoon wear with mies thin
'"'summer frocks.
The season has brought forth new
smocks that differ from those of last
season in that they are made of more
expensive materials, and are worn not
only for sports, but for dress. Sometimes these smocks are made of fine
materials such as white Georgette
crepe or chiffon cloth and known as
Russian blouses, whether they fasten
on the side or in front. They are
beaded on the edges with small white
beads,. or trimmed with contrasting
;^J>ands and worn with skirts of the
same material, or of taffeta or satin.
Practical garments they are not, but
very pretty they certainly are. There
is a new coat smock for sports that is
rose   powder,! froth. 	
one-half mice; heliotrope powder, one j cases, filling each case but three-
half ounce; mace, one-half teaspoon-j fourths full, and bake five or six min-
fttl; cinnamon, one-quarter teaspoon- utes. They make a pretty cheese
ful; cloves, one-half teaspoonful; oil'course for either luncheon or dinner,
of  roses,   four  drops;   oil   chiris.   ten! * * ���
 Imps;  Strawberry Cobbler
nil eucalyptus, twenty drops; berga- 2 cupfuls of flour; 1 1-2 teaspoonfuls
mot. ten drops; alcohol, two drams.      [baking powder;  1   quart  of strawber-
������   ries; sweet cream of sauce; 1 cupful of
milk; 1 tablespoonful of butter; 1-2
cupful of sugar; 1-2 teaspoonful of
salt.
Sift the flour together with the salt
and baking-powder. Rub in the butter, and the milk, and beat well. Hull
and wasli the strawberries. Place
them in a buttered baking-dish, and
pour over the sugar. Cover hot with
cream or any preferred sauce.
Strawberry and Rhubarb Sauce
3 cupfuls of diced strawberry rhubarb; 1 cupful of sugar; 1 cupful of
hulled, washed strawberries; 1 cupful
of water.
To  the  rhubarb  add  lhe  strawberries, sugar ami water.    Conk until the
i fruit   is   tender.     Serve   cold,   wilh   or
without  sweet cream.     If desired  furl
li'esscrt.     sweetened     and      flavored
I whipped   cream   may   bc   heaped   mm
top,
Strawberry   Bread   Pudding
2 cLigs; 1 1-2 cupfuls of sweet milk;
1 teaspoonful of vanilla; pinch uf sail; i
M-4 cupful of sugar; 2 cupfuls "l" fine
���bread-crumbs; 2 rounding tablespoonfuls   uf   sugar;   1   cupful   of   crushed
strawberries;   1-2  cupful   nf   whipped;
cream.
i Ileal the eggs, add milk, bread-]
crumbs, two tablespoonfuls of sugar
am", salt and flavoring. Mix well, and
bake in a buttered baking-dish until |
film. Mix tlie sugar with lhe crushed   berries,   and   fob!   in   lhe   whipped
.cream.     Serve   the     pudding     warm,
with  lhe berry sauce  poured over.
Strawberry Tapioca
1-4 cupful of tapioca; 1 level teaspoonful of butter: 1-4 cupful of sugar; 1-4 teaspoonful of salt; 1 egg-
white; 1 1-2 cupfuls of water; 1 cupful
of hulled, washes strawberries; 1
tablespoonful of sugar; whipped
cream, sweetened and flavored.
Heat the water to the boiling-point,
add tapioca, salt, one-quarter cupful
of sugar and butter. Cook ten minutes. Mash tbe berries, adding one
tablespoonful of sugar. Add (hem tu
the tapioca and cook five minutes
longer.
Patriotism in Shakespeare
Prize Essay by W. R. Dunlop
Character is the momentum of our
past; environment is its chief formative agent. It is that, not only of
character but of disposition. There
may be abnormal cases in which a
strong hereditary taint will resist the
atmosphere in which it is placed; but
they are the exceptions which prove
the rule.
William Shakespeare was a man uf
transcendant genius bin of normal
temperament. Me loved the flowers,
the beauty uf the "A arwicksbire lanes
and tbe sweet scenes of boyhood; he
loved family life and he mixed freely
with men. Ills parents were of the
middle and higher classes, respectively, of English society: and thus both
by heredity and environment be fell
ready heir In the love nf country
which is the very essence of patriotism. It permeates his works, not with
a blatant repetition but with the deep
note of sincerity. As an example, no
mere conventional form could have
prompted the burst nf feeling in Lancaster's appealing wurds ill Richard
II:���
"This royal throne ol" Kings, ibis
sceptred isle.
Tllis earth of majesty, Ibis seat of
Mars.
This  other   Eden,  demi-paradise:  j
'This  fortress,  built  by   Nature   fur
herself,
Against infection ami the  band  ot
war:
This happy breed of men. ibis little world,
This precious stone set in  the  -il-
ver sea.
Which serves it in the office nf a
wall,
Or as a moat defensive to a house.
Against   the   envy  uf  less   happier i
lands;
'This blessed ph.t, this earth,  this
realm, this   England."
"This land nf such dear souls, thi:
dear, dear land."
When thc poet reached lhe climax
"this England, this dear, dear land."
we know by intuition that bis heart
was full indeed,
Apart, however, from the gracious
Influences  of  good  birth  ami   lot'el*
Surroundings, Shakespeare lived wi <;���
bis country was awakening into a riew
sense of p.over and into a great' r
place among the nations* lie sm..
at the gateway ������< a new "England am!
eventually nf a crowned'Union; and
thc   great   Elizabethan   period   had
deep influence on his life and work.
That influence can be traced in the
fact that he wrote so many historical
dramas, not only those with kingly
titles but others bearing the historical impress in plot and speech. His
heroes include men whose patriotism
feeds on the springs on virtue's summit. In King Henry V it breathes
throughout and is epitomised in the
trumpet  call:���-
"tin,   on,   you   noblest   English."
Follow your spirit: ami. upon this
charge
Cry 'God for Harry!    England am!
Saint George!' "
Richmond  also,  in  the  tragedy  of
Richard III, is an example of the mili
um.    \V.    It.    ill vim
taut patriot whom  the poet  glorified.
These   words  are  inspiring-���
"Then,   if   ymi   fight   against   God's
enemy,
Cud vvill in justice ward yi ll a- hi-
soldiers;
If you do fight againsl  your com
try's foes
Yutir country's fal  shall  : av   your
pains il,- hire:
Sound drums ami trumpets,      ' '���
and  cheerfull} :
God and Sain' George!    Ri
ami Vi ���   ���      '
ll   will   perhaps     c  urged   that,   in
patriotism i ( Ska' cspeai
mutated in tbe defeat of the Armada:
but we must remember that the noise
of popular excitement and the very
nearness of the events had not yet
suffused them with that halo of distance and romance on which dramatic
art can best play. It may be, too, tllat
current etiquette and the imperious
wishes of the great Queen and even
of her successor forbade the dramatising of events in which high policy
of the day was involved it is at
least a generous inference, on a likely
basis of fact���the more likely because
iln- poet's patriotism does not rest
upon inference alone. We cannot say,
bul we .an believe. lhat had death not
claimed him while yet the shadows of
evening had barely begun to fall
around, be would in later years have
immortalised Drake and the great Adventure  in epic verse.
The chivalrous element in patriotism allows, indeed commands, admiration of the like quality in men of a
different nation or a different race.
When Sbapcspearc pictured Brutus'
scorn uf bribery be showed what patriotism implies; and when he put these
words into the mouth of the great
patrician: "Who is here so rude that
would not be a Roman? . . . Who is
here so vile tllat will not love his
country?" be imt only stated tbe historic pride in Roman citizenship but.
subjectively, he commended the high
virtue in those throughout thc world
who have tin- soul tu appreciate it.
Shakespeare was no soldier lo lead
armies In battle ior his. country's
can-.: but Ile wrote yrcat enduring
words "f loyalty. Quiet influences are
indeed the must far reaching: the pen
is mightier than tlie sword; the still
small voice is a greater power than
tl .- earthquake or ihc .��� hirlwind and
lhe immortal word nf a poet ul" high
visii n is a greater leaven in lhe life
that counts than the strident v.ice.
Th.-  title  uf  tlii-  short  essay  pre
sumes  a  reicri
mily   in   tbe   p
itri  tism,  imt
;s   but   iu   bis
ni  ok;  .:".'.    I   i-   -���-
kespi are's pal
vet in tlic summer
an   --.it 11   an
and   in   high   public
���d I-, ma   ��� ' i- I
The DucllcflN ��1' Vt'enlitllnsler. une of
llie ir.'si iiiiuid'iir nctrcMHeN in Kim-
liinil. mill ti fi'lclmileil lieiuity, win,
malic n great llil In n imitiiiec for
llu- relief of Serbia, held in Drnrj
l.nne   Thcntrt'.
This is a potpourri that is guaranteed to keep its odnr for twenty years,
and makes a very acceptable favor as
well as a beautiful gift.
*       .1=       *
To Preserve Eggs
Although the price of eggs remains
much higher than is usual at this
season of the year, it will be wise
to provide against tbe time when they
vvill double their present value. When
bens are moulting, eggs are always
scarce, and therefore expensive, and
in winter time they are often quite
unobtainable at any price.
Required:���Three pounds of quicklime, ten ounces of salt, one ounce
of cream of tartar, and one and a half
gallons of boiling water. Mix these
ingredients thoroughly together, and
cover the vessel close.
Next day the eggs may be put into
the pickle, and they will keep fresh
for a long time. Great care must be
exercised in choosing new laid eggs
only. As the lime vvill sink to the
bottom of the pan, and the eggs become embedded, unless it is stirred
every few days, a thick stick should
be kept in the pan for the purpose.
If this is used carefully the eggs will
not be broken. On no account allow
the lime to settle.
Of course, tbe number of eggs
should bc limited. If there are too
many the pickle could not be stirred.
Eggs preserved in this way are excellent, but as the shells become rather thin, they arc liable to break il"
not boiled with care. A large, rough
earthen bowl makes a good receptacle.
* * *
Egg and Milk Custard
Boil one pint of milk with a quarter of a pound of loaf sugar, two bay-
leaves, and a small piece of lemon-
peel, for about five minutes. Stir two
tablespoonfuls of corn-starch into a
quarter of a pint of cold milk, add it
to the boiled milk and let it boil for
two or three minutes. Have ready
in a bowl the yolks of six eggs beaten
up. and pour on them the hot mixture,
stirring well together.    Return all to
GRANDMA'S STORY
"You promised to tell us more
about Dick, Grandma." coaxed wee
.lininiie and Jack  together.
"Yes, indeed, I did," said Grandma,
"and T will, too, for you have both
been very good bo}s. Now Dick was
a very funny little lamb for be would
play all day long with us. We didn't
have any dolls except rag ones thai
our mother would make, so we had
to use Dick for a doll.
"How patient he would stand until
he was dressed up. We used to take
an old dress of mine and put it on
Dick. We would put chains of daisies
around his neck and then wc would
take him for a walk. We would go to
visit old Mrs. Biddy hen and all her
fluffy chicks and visit with her for a
while. Then we would call on old
Mrs, Duck with her flock of ducklings. We would follow Mrs. Duck
when she went down to the pond to
teach her babies to swim, and oh dear,
but what a noisy brood they were to
be sure.
From the pond we would go over
to the playhouse and have a tea party
antl we would always share every
thing with Dick. We always gave
him a drink of milk from his bottle
then and he did look funny, sitting
so nice and still, sucking his bottle
just like a baby. Dick never seemed
to get tired of playing with us. and
as he could run and play with us, we
thought him ever so much better than
a doll or a Teddy bear. And that reminds me some day I will tell you of
the funny little bear cub father
brought home for my sister and I."
THIS SEASON'S
MOST NOTABLE
GARMENT SALE
���offers the biggest values in
the history of this store.
For Instance
$25.00
TAFFETA   SILK   SUITS
VALUED
at $35 and $45 ��� Here Tomorrow for.
$25.00
Ninety  of these  smart  new   taffeta silk  suits,  iu a diversity of smarl new styles, and colors
enliageil,  rose,  grey,  green, blue and  light  pastel  shades.    There arc styles lor both misses
and women, in a rich quality of taffeta silk.   All sizes     Sale   price   	
$25.00
$15 & $17.75 Brush Wool <t��| Q 7C $29-50 and $35 Wool Jer-
Sports Coats for   ��P 10�� I ��J    sey gport Suits for	
���a  limited   number  only,   in   rose  and   white,  white ���useful   garments   lor   sport   or   street   wear���com-
and rose, gold and white, white and gold, and solid fortable and most fashionable.    Made uf a good qual-
shades of rose, white and blue, in belted style, with ity   nf   knitted   wool,   in   several   shades,   with   fancy
large   collar.    Suitable   for   golfing,   boating,   tenuis button   trimmings,  and  convertible  collars  that   can
and outing,  in all  sizes.                                   <C1Q  7C IH' worn open or closed.    Full flared
Sale  price    ��pl��J.lD     skirl.     All sizes.    Sale price   	
$24.75
$24.75
$12.50
NEW   COATS   FOR   WOMEN   THAT    ARE
���Worth $17.50 to Sell for	
$12.50
���smart, snappy sport models, in either long, short, or medium, as you wish. The materials are corduroy^
coverts, woolly mixtures, chinchillas and all kinds ul" check effects. The styles arc in flare, belted nr
Norfolk, with trimmings of velvet and leather. Colors of Copenhagen, rose, tan, navy, black
and white mixtures and all white.    The superior values are apparent at a glance.    Sale price
$12.50
Ask to see the new Novelty Coats in all the latest styles   and   materials.      The
values are exceptional
(The fiudsons Bay (rompany
INCORPORATED lt>70
MEMEW t tUMlMiE STOWS COMmSStOHER =1X
%kt Wtatt&ar>
SATURDAY, JINE 3, 1916
Any Suit Looks Good When
You First Put It On
It's after you've worn one of DICK'S GOOD
SUITS tliat you begin to realize it's sterling'worth
l<> you.
Every suit has style, good tailoring, good fabrics in begin with���and it's these important fundamentals that make the suit stand up well during" its
life.
You ought to knuw these good clothes���come in
and look them over, 1 here's a Style and a pattern
you'll like.
$15 $18 $20 $25 $30 $35
WM. DICK, LTD.
"Your Money's Worth or
Your Money Back"
33,  47,   49   HASTINGS   STREET
.;
The Salmonbelly Spirit
Reminiscences of old College Days in the Royal City and the famous
"Salmonbellies," Champion Lacrosse Players
By  Michael  J.  Svenceski
(Continued from last week)
"What?     Kyall   gone,   too?     Then
what of tall, slim Galbraith "
"'Laid to rest these many years,"
sighed Billy.
"No doubt Gifford still cleaves his
way through the opposing home
rushes: be is still the stonewall defence man of the reds, isn't he?"
"Oh, yes, there is a Gifford on the
defence, but Tommy sits ou the fence
and yells encouragement and other
kinds of things at his namesake," Billy
whistled and took another of his opponent's men.
"Well, well, what do you think of
that? And 1 suppose the great name
of Turnbull is dead, forever, then,
in the lore of lacrosse," 1 commented.
"Not by a damsite. The best scorer
on the team is Turnbull," Billy answered.
"No. Vou don't mean it. Well,
well, so old 'Dad' Turnbull is still in
the rin " I was going on when
Billy halted me.
"Here, ring down the curtain. Remember���1 said something about the
second  generation,"  Billy snorted.-
"Ugh!"' For a moment 1 was puzzled and then I sighed iinderstanding-
ly. "And so the old order changeth,
yielding place to new. The old fighting band oi Salmonbellies, the greatest aggregation of lacrosse players
the world has ever seen, is a thing
i :" the past and gone for "
"HeyI Hack peddle, there," cautioned Billy, "ami don't make such
fool statements. The old duffers have
���.".ne, but tlu Salmonbelly spirit still
lives in tl?c new school of sockeyes."
You knew tin- stars who are burnt
oat now, Vou remember how the,.'
shone, each brilliant ini lvidtial light.
i ul  their  glory  is dead, even  as  the
J Bicycle Notes & Wanderings J
By   Rover
How is it thai su many cyclists ride
in trousers? This question was put to
me recently by an old Country cyclist who had jusl returned from a run
with the Vancouver Cycling Club.
lu lhe (Jld Country it is rare to sec
a cyclist on a country road clad in
the continuation garment. Surely the
added comfort that knickerbockers
give are worth the e.xtr; trouble of
donning them���particularly mi a rlub
run, or is it the expense?
One or two of my friends have prof-
fered the suggestion that it is simply
a question of concealing nature's imperfections from the vulgar gaze���in
other words, that the wearers of
trousers shrink from displaying an
attenuated calf.
I cannot say whether this is true
or not, because none of the people
who really know, the betrousered ones
themselves,  have attempted    to    eii-
ralber   smarter,   ro     more     "doggy,"
than the older-fashioned bifurcations,
and for that reason they appear to be
ill favor wilh lhe military authorities.
But any one who has cycled for anything like a distance will, I am sure,
agree lhal lhe ordinary loose-kneed
knickers are the more comfortable.
��� * *
I have only once made a public appearance in breeches. and these I
wore for about five days continuously. I was on a journey which, unfortunately, did not allow me time to go
to bed, and I slept principally on Unseat of a railway carriage. My actual
riding did not amount to more than
ISO miles all told, and I thanked my
stars for this afterwards, because the
material of which the breeks were
made seemed to be about as tough as
blotting paper, and on r*v return they
were immediately trad      for a maid-
acid which one atom of oxygen would
render harmless; also by depression
of the nervous system. Cycling is a
perfect antidote lo these causes'"
Dr. Iloggan, formerly consul fur
Monaco, suffered dreadfully from varicose veins until he became a cyclist,
when after a time ihey disappeare 1.
Drs. li. W. Richardson, Tissiie.
Cresswell, anil many others, have been
quoted to show lhat cycling never
causes hernia, and that those win.
have it may ride; tllat hemorrhoids
disappear after a steady course of
cycling to re-appear when it is discontinued; that il has a wonderful
effect iu cases of gout, rheumatism,
partial paralysis, stiffness of the
joints of the  legs in a man 70 years
old, obesity, pulmonary consumption,
and even heart disease. In the two
latter cases patients should not ride
without the advice of an experienced
cycling doctor.
Dr, Marcet, in "Health," says: "Cycling may not only be very beneficial
in cases of asthma, but actually prove
a cure." He cites a case in which a
patient took to cycling three years
previously for pleasure, and followed
it in very great moderation for the
first two years. Ile observed last
summer   tllat   the  attacks   of  asthma
CANADIAN
PACIFIC
BACK   EAST
SUMMER
EXCURSION
FARES
Tickets mi sale daily,
June 1 to September
30, 1916.
Return limit three
months, not lo exceed
October 31.
style is past. The individual player
iu lacrosse cannot survive combination work no matter how brilliant he
is."
"And this band of young colts that
are now upholding the honor of the
red and blue are combination players
and the finest combination players in
the whole broad Dominion. Yes, sir,
these young bloods make the old team
look like spring salmon trying to buck
a river in autumn. Believe me, boy,
these youngsters can wallop anything
with two legs on this earth that wears
sneakers and handles sticks. Say, you
just ought to see the youngsters play
and man, man, they sure play lacrosse"���Billy's face was wrapt in one
golden dream of awed admiration.
"Well, what you sav may be true
but 1 doubt it, Billy." I was skeptical
on purpose. I wanted to draw him
out, so f continued:
"It seems to me from what I can
remember���well, I knew those old
redshirts, and I am convinced they
could play a game that will never be
beaten. I can't see it���somehow I
just hunch it that there will never be
.a team produced to equal those old
Salmonbellies that I loved and wo'r-
I shipped in my student days here of
long ago. No! you can't tell me that
there is anything to surpass them, for
they were the pick of thc earth and
play���Oh! Billy, surely you remember how those boys did play!"
"Frankly," 1 continued; "I'm afraid
to see this new crowd of Salmonbellies. I'm scared that they won't come
up to thc mark set by their daddies.
That's why I'm nervous. In my very
bones I feel that I'm going to be disappointed. ' Those old boys I knew
were such a dandy team���well, let's
go up tu the game, anyhow. Who
plays today against the Royals?   No!
It   can'l   be   llie   "Crabealers"     from
Vancouver���or 'lo they s-1ill call the
Terminals that name?" I asked.
''Crabeaters they may or may not
be" asserted billy, "but hired assaslns
they certainly arc." and be looked al
mc  lo  deny  il.     I    f-o ir.cd and  he
went  on:   "Yes,   .sir.   hired    in    kill.
! Broughl from the  Easl fur just lhat
purpose."    1  didn't  dispute the point
and  Hilly explained: "You see, these
IVancOltvers   arc   all   great   stars   who j cessful  mad  rider  is  very  frequently
were paid to come from the East. The a man of spare and wiry build. There-
reason they haven't a chance -of.win- fore,   if   every   cyclist  who   lacks   a
lling  from our youngsters is because  shapely calf must needs ride in  trou-
the Vancouveis arc all grcat iudivid-
Imly years ago were celebrated
throughout the British Isles.
Today they are famous all over
the  world.
II, S. A. cycles are built iu the
best equipped cycle factory iu
the world, of the finest material.
They wear longer and run easier. The ll. S. A. factory is
today at lhe disposal of the British Government for munition
work. I have these celebrated
cycles in stock.
Call and inspect, or write for
catalogue,
FRED DEELEY
The Cycle Man
1126    GRANVILLE   STREET
VANCOUVER
CLEVELAND BICYCLES
Still   Masters  of the  Road
CHAPMAN
The   Other   Cycle   Man
513  GEORGIA  STREET  WEST
Over thirty cyclists attended the Inaugural ran of the Vancouver Bicycle Club held a week ugo. I'ycllnic In be-
ctmiliitt popular In this city, and although only reorganised a few duya ago the Vancouver Club promises to develop
Into one of the lurg-est and most Influential In the Dominion. . The elub Intend organising a Juvenile section at an
early date.
lighten me-; but shotfld'bf surprised to enhaif fern or a balloon or something to which he was subject1 had become
learn;  that   there'..i-rvaify   widespread,
diffidertce  in   submitting- the  contotiri
of ajiiisculine- limb jto. criticism:-   Are!
,pf tliat nature���1 cannot*'recall all.'.tbe
sordid details of the transaction
cyclists! .realty so coy?
I- am informed that shapeliness in
the understandings is Considered' a
valuable asset for purposes of musical comedy, or a passport to the peerage from the front row of the ballet,
but {''thought cyclists were free from,
these little vanities,
.. ."I am afraid 1 cannot do anything*
jW-you, you are down, and want plenty of outdoor ��� exercise, change of
scene, and forget your business troubles; Buy a cycle and. use it. evciy
day,"   such   was  the  advice   recently
cling itself is no beautil'ier of the nether limbs, bill rather the reverse. The
muscular development due lo bard
riding, which manifests itself chiefly
in a pronounced bulge just above the
inner side of the knee, and is frequently accompanied by a reduction in the
call" measurement, by no means im-
proves lhe shape nf lhe limb, ami
many "i our greatest riders have been
men whose legs would have driven j
an  artist in despair.
* * *
I am no connoisseur oi curves and
o'ilium's, but I suggest that tlie
mighty limbs of our best known "hi
Country racing men arc something
less than a deram of loveliness: aiid
1 think they are typical of cyclists
wlm are in the first flight.    The slie
st any rate, c-V- B'ven.by a, well-known west end Vancouver doctor to a very tired C. P.-RJ
employee, The local medico is ��� in
line with many of our-first class physicians the worl 1 uvcr.
fewer, and the tightness' and,wheezing from Which 1le suffered every
���light, "had then ���entirdjy" djsappei'red.
"This,'- ;says. the - Scottish; "Cyclist,"
reads' like a patent medicine advertise-
liieift, hilt it'only shows' thai there is
no medicine" to e'ipial cycling, properly utilised."
Dr. S. Egbert, in . the "Universal
MeilicalMagazine." writes: "It is with
the feeling that cycling is to have an
increasing influence on public health
that the writer ventures lii note bis
practical experience ol* the various re-
,    ,     , lations   between   the   doctor   and   the
One of our most noted  physicians
 , .,,, ,,i,���lr o , ;��� ,,;,. I silent steed, I Say a,fter a practical experience;  because   I   have   found  that
whole system than the general and active use of all the muscles, voluntary
and involuntary.
lu this connection, let nle quote the
testimony of Dr. W. G. Staples, formerly a prominent medical officer in
the Royal llritish Navy, lie says:
".My rheumatism used to come on
periodically and last for six weeks at
a time, during which I could hardly
stand on the floor, nor sleep in bed
without feet and legs elevated. Since
I adopted cycling as an exercise, and
thus found pleasant means to keep
my skin in working order, I have never had a twinge of rheumatism, Cycling bas banished my pains and lightened my mind and made me, physically and mentally, double the individual I was." Of course this is only
an isolated case, but dozens of other
erstwhile sufferers could give similar
favorable evidence.
The X. C. O. was lecturing the
cyclist corps: "Your cycle is your best
friend, take every care of it; treat it
as you would your wife, rub it all
over with an oily rag every day."
n.il play.', i, but there's no combination work, no un in ".��� irk, ind so when
they stack up against a bunch of
youngsters like ours who play nothing but combination and bore right
ill on the net���well, what's thc use?
Conic on up and see the new Royals
rip 'cm up," and Billy moved a man
on thc checker board, and won thc
game.
s'ers, a large number of our crack
cyclists will have to reconsider their
sartorial views.
By far and away the most comfortable garb to cycle in are the common
or garden knickers, fastening with a
buckle below tbe knee, and worn in
conjunction with plain black hose.
There is no earthly reason why cy-
cUng* scWkings should be made in all
the colors of the rainbow or in a
pattern that speaks louder than
words; yet it is comparatively difficult to obtain any other kind, and if
one's tastes run in the direction of
the  plain  variety,  which  are   not  in-
And so it was with Billy 1 climbed
the steep hill to the old park after an
absence of eight long years. And as
we puffed up the crooked streets in
; , . ,. . ,,��� p;i|��� ...mmt tended to fold over at the top in a
the hot afternoon sun, Billy lecount- *. .       .    .
cd to me the lore of lacrosse. He told
how the Salmonbellies bad gone "back
East" while 1 was away and "walloped" the Shamrocks and brought
the historic Minto Cup to New Westminster.
(Continued next week)
kind of telescopic formation, it is of
ten necessary to go to the feminine
hosiery department.
The objection to breeches, of
course, is that they are made tight at
the knees and compress the limb with
a kind of broad bandage fastened
with a vertical row of buttons. Their
advantage, I believe, is that they look
recently said: "Half the chronic
eases from which we suffer are ab
solutcly and wholly curable by cxir
cise and diet; yet there is not oni
physician in a hundred who preaches
this truth to his patients. The letter
arc sn accustomed to expect licallb
from physic that it is necessary t i
preach and persuade them tfi tin contrary."
"There arc but Iwo remedies h.r
nervous   diseases���air   and   exercise."
--Dr. Abernethy,
"N'o man who cats can be in good
health unless he exercises."���Hippocrates.
"Exercise will evacuate all bad humors."���Galen.
"If everyone took suitable exercise
at the proper time, physicians and
medicines would bc no longer required."���Avicenna.
"Whoever examines thc accounts
handed down to us of the longest livers will generally find that to the very
last they used some exercise, as walking a certain distance every day, etc.
This is mentioned as something surprising in them, considering their
grcat age, whereas the truth is that
their living to such an age without
some such exercise would have been
the wonder."���-Dr. Jennings.
Dr. Meldon, of Dublin, President
of the College of Physicians, the oldest and heaviest cyclist in Ireland,
and probably in the world, for he
weighed 378 lbs., rodea cycle regularly, and wrote to a cycling paper:
"In my opinion there is no exercise
more healthful or which tends more
to ward off diseases than cycling. This
is particularly the case with regard
to both gouty and rheumatic affections.   This class of disease is caused
lhat decidedly modifies certain notions and theories lhal I. along with
others. Unused lo riding, formerly had.
And though it is hard In speak without enthusiasm oi that which is really a delight, I shall try io put down
the facts exactly as they arc
"In Ihc first place as an exercise,
cycling is superior to m .-I, il ni I all
others at our command.
"ll lakes one into lhe outdoor air; is
entirely under control'; can be made as
gentle or as vigorous as one desires;
is active, not passive; lakes llie rider
out of himself and the thoughts and
cares of his daily work; develops liis
will, his attention, courage, and hide-
PANTAGEC
UNEQUALLED       |hn#
VAUDEVILLE
Phone Seymour 3406
WEEK  OF JUNE 5TH
Webber's Juvenile
MELODYPH1ENDS
In a  Classy Musical Feature
Three times daily, 2.45, 7.15, 9.15
Matinee, 15c; Night, 15c & 25c
Here's tl
pendence", and makes pleasant what talnabl
is otherwise most irksome; moreover,
thc exercise is well and equally distributed over almost the whole body,
and, as Parkes says, when all the musics are exercised, no muscle is likely
to be over-exercised. Tbis general
muscular exercise also has its direct
effect upon the other and vital organs
f the body, thc heart, the lungs and
digestive organs especially; and the
improvement in general health and digestion after a few weeks' riding is
by no means illusory and fleeting. We
all know that the trouble with many
of our patients is purely functional,
and that their maladies have been
brought on by the lack of pure air,
too little exercise and too much mental worry over their work or business.
For these tbe bicycle furnishes an
agreeable remedy."
* * *
Someone said that every muscle is
a little heart and surely no better
means can  be  devised of eliminating
"i ��PB  I on
n vim-:*"
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ery finest milk ob-
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by the collection in the blood of an | deleterious   waste   matters   from   the
���
South Vancouver
Milk Co.
Scientific  llniryim-n
���21(111 AND FRASER
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/

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